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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.

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    August 18


    1201: Founding of Riga, capital of modern day Latvia. The first Jews appeared in Riga three centuries later and despite Czars, Nazis and Commissars continue to live in the city to this day.


    1227: Genghis Khan dies.  According to Arthur Koestler’sThe Thirteenth Tribe, Genghis Khan wiped out the Khazar Empire.


    1307: Jaime II (James) of Majorca expelled the Jews from the provinces of Rousillon and Montpellier. Many escaped to Barcelona where they were welcomed.
    1393: King John I, in an effort to prevent "backsliding" by converted Jews, prohibited them from living in the same quarter or even eating together.


    1503: The Papacy of Alexander VI known in history as the most profligate of all the popes who “allowed the exiles from Spain to settle in his states, and whose leniency toward the Jews “was prompted by his greed” came to an end today.


    1533: The Queen of Poland granted the Jews of Pinsk all the rights already granted to the Jews of Lithuania.


    1559: The Papacy of Paul IV, who issued “Cum Nimis Absurdum”, the Bull that order the creation of the Jewish Ghetto in Rome came to an end today.


    1765(1st of Elul, 5525): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1765: Samuel Levy Maduro, son of Moses Levy Maduro married Leah Cohen Peixotto in Curacao


    1670: A church called the Leopoldskirche was dedicated today in Vienna.  The church had been a synagogue but it was no longer used as such because the Jews had all been expelled from the Upper and Lower Austria.


    1771: Jacob Pinto, the son of Abraham and Sarah Pinto and his second wife Abigail gave birth to Samuel Pinto


    1775: The Spanish established a presidio (fort) and the town came to be called Tucson, Arizona. The first openly Jewish settlers did not arrive in Tucson until the 18th century.  They included Nathan Appel, a noted merchant who served as a delegate to the first Arizona Territorial Legislature in 1863 and Chief of the Tucson Police, William Zeckendorf, the Tucson merchant who was the grandfather of the famous real estate magnate and the brewer Alex Levin, founder of Levin’s Park, the three-acre entertainment center that was the site of every important social and communal event in Tucson during Arizona’s territorial days.  Country Singer Linda Ronstadt is one of Levin’s descendants.


    1793: Aaron Barrow married Rosetta Benjamin at the Great Synagogue today.


    1813: Nathan Phillips married Adolphus Esther at the Great Synagogue today.


    1815: Twenty-five year old Meno Burg who “for a long time would be the only Jewish Prussian staff officer” was promoted to the rank of Second Lieutenant of Artillery shortly after which he became “a company officer in the First Artillery Brigade at Gdansk.


    1822(1st of Elul, 5582): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1822: Lipman Myers married Rebecca Mordecai at the Hambro Synagogue today.


    1822(1st of Elul, 5582): Joshua Zeitlin passed away. Born in 1742, he “was a Russian rabbinical scholar and philanthropist. He was a pupil of the Talmudist Rabbi Aryeh Leib ben Asher Gunzberg who was the author of Sha'agat Aryeh; and, being an expert in political economy, he stood in close relations with Prince Potemkin, the favorite of Catherine II. During the Turko-Russian war Zeitlin furnished the Russian army with various supplies, and managed that business so cleverly that he was afterward appointed imperial court councilor. On retiring from business in civil rank of Court Counsellor, Zeitlin resided on his estate Ustzia, where he was consulted by the rabbis with regard to rabbinical questions. He rendered pecuniary assistance to many Talmudists and scholars, and supported a magnificent beit midrash, in which many Jewish scholars were provided with all the necessaries of life, so that they could pursue their vocations without worries of any kind. Among the scholars who benefited by his generosity: Rabbi Nahum, author of Tosafot Bikkurim; Mendel Lepin, author of Cheshbon ha-Nefesh; and the physician Baruch Schick. Zeitlin was the author of annotations to the Sefer Mitzwot Katan, printed with the text (Kopys, 1820), and supplemented by some of his responsa.”


    1823: Birthdate of Phoebe Yates Levy Pember. During the Civil War, Pember served as the chief matron of Richmond’s Chimborazo Hospital. After the War, she wrote her memoirs, which were published as A Southern Woman's Story: Life in Confederate Richmond, in 1879. This book, which details her daily life through anecdotes of the war years, remains one of the best sources for understanding the experiences and ideas of upper-class Southern Jewish women before and during the Civil War. Following the War, Pember maintained her elite social status, and traveled extensively through the U.S. and Europe. She died on March 4, 1913, and is buried in Savannah



    1824: Lewis Lazarus married Clara Raphael at the Western Synagogue today.


    1826: Birthdate of William Isaac Wolf (Ritter von Gutman) who founded the largest coal company in the Austro-Hungarian empires and served as the President of the Jewish Community of Vienna from 1891 through 1892.


    1830: Birthdate of Franz Joseph I, the penultimate Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. During his long reign, for whatever reason or reason(s), Franz Joseph improved the conditions of his Jewish subjects to the point that “three years after he celebrated his Jubilee the Jewish Chronicles’ Vienna correspondent wrote “the Jews owe a great deal to their Emperor Franz Joseph” and that they do not blame him for any “retrogressive measures” taken against them.  At the same Franz Joseph’s enemies derisively referred to him as the “Judenkaiser.” 


    1830: Birthdate of Henry Strauss, the native of Alsace who moved to Jackson, Mississippi before the Civil War.


    1834:  Birthdate of department store owner, Marshall Field.  Marshall Field was not Jewish but his partner Levi Ziegler Leiter was.  In 1865 Field and Leiter bought a dry goods store which they named Field and Leiter. They built and re-built the signature State Street Store.  When Leiter retired, the company was renamed Marshall Field and Company.


    1835: Birthdate of Amalia Nathansohn Freud, the mother of Sigmund Freud.


    1838: Birthdate of Emil Ganz a Civil War veteran who went West and became a successful businessman and three-time mayor of Phoenix, Arizona.


    1839: Birthdate of Edward Lee the “member of the Corporation of the City London” starting in 1886 who chaired the Law and City Courts Committee and the Coal, Corn and Finance Committee and who was named “Chief Commoner of the City Lands Committee” in 1895.


    1839: Henry Joel married Sarah Simmons at the Great Synagogue today.


    1841: In New York City, Moses Lazarus and Esther Lydia Mary Lazarus, the daughter of Isaac Mendes Seixas Nathan and Sarah Mendes Nathan gave birth to Isaiah Lazarus


    1843: Birthdate of Moritz Brasch, the native of Prussia who gained fame as a philosopher and essayist.


    1846: The Jewish Oath, originally established by Charlemagne, was abolished in Austria. Until then, a Jew who took oath in a Christian court against a Christian was forced to stand on the skin of a dead animal or be surrounded by thorns and call down the curses of Korach or Naaman if he were not telling the truth. In Romania it was only repealed in the 20th century.


    1846: ‘The Religious Opinions Relief Act removed some of minor disabilities which affected British Jews and dissenters from the Established Church; the only state office which still remained closed to Jews was Parliament.”


    1854: Starting today M.H. Bresslau began editing The Jewish Chronicle and Working Man’s Friend which under his leadership was re-named The Jewish Chronicle and Hebrew Observer.


    1855: The Concordat that went into effect today in Austria led to the exclusion of Jews from such “positions as teachers in elementary and high schools and attempts by the government to exclude Jewish children from the public schools, which were to be exclusively Catholic


    1855: It wasreported today that Solomon Rothschild who had died in Paris in July was buried "with a certain degree of financial pomp.  The hearse was followed by a large number of artistic and literary celebrities by the old men supported at the hospital endowed by the deceased and by 1,200 children educated at his school.  Then, in the procession, was the Grand Rabbi and the Israelite Consistory.  The body was buried in the tomb of the Rothschild family, which is in the Jews' corner of Pere La chaise."


    1856: Birthdate of Asher Zvi Hirsch Ginsberg who gained fame using the Hebrew pan name Ahad Ha'am (אחד העם,). A pre-eminent essayist he was the founder of Cultural Zionism with a vision of a Jewish "spiritual center" in Palestine. Ha'am strived for "a Jewish state and not merely a state of Jews." In what would appear to have been a detour from his intellectual pursuits Ahad Ha’am managed the Anglo-Asiatic tea company established by Kaloniumus Wolf Wissotzky, the founder of the Wissotzky Tea Company which prior to the Bolshevik Revolution was the largest tea company in the world.





    1860: Birthdate of Theodore Lewald, the nephew of “Jewish novelist Fanny Lewald” and loyal servant of the Reich before, during and after World War I who spent his life as a Christian but was removed from leadership role at the 1936 Olympics because his “paternal grandmother was Jewish.”


    1860: “Sunday at Newport” published today states that the Jews might teach the current inhabitants “a lesson of reverence; for, although long since departed from Newport, where their social and commercial position was once superior, by ample testamentary provision, their Synagogue and Cemetery are preserved in admirable order -- reproachful to Christian neglect and indifference…It was startling, when the remains of the benevolent Judah Turo were brought here for interment, to hear the Rabbi, who pronounced the funeral discourse -- alluding to his change of abode and the vicissitudes of his life -- say, as a matter of course, "Like his great ancestor, Jacob, he was a pilgrim and sojourner.”


    1863: During the Civil War, 1st Lieutenant Michael Rosenstein completed his service with Company K of the 172ndRegiment.


    1863: Birthdate of Victor-Guillaume Basch, the native of Budapest who was the son of journalist Raphael Basch and who became a professor at the Sorbonne and a French political leader.


    1869: Henry Fileman, the second son of John Fileman mairred Theresa Clara Leopold, the eldest daughter of Louis Leopold at the Masonic Hall, Bedford Row, Holborn, WC.


    1869: Ivan Andreevich Shingarev, a prosperous merchant, and Zinaida Nikanorovna gave birth to Andrei Ivanovich Shingarev, a physician and leader of the Kadets (Constitutional Democrat Party) who in March of 1916 took the unusual position of defending the Jews against charges of destroying the war effort, boldly pointing the disabilities under which Jews lived in the Czar’s Empire.)



     1870: During the Franco-Prussian War, the Kaiser’s forces defeated the French Army which included Bernard Abraham, a decorated artillery officer, in what would prove to a strategic victory that helped to seal the fate of the Napoleon with all that that would come to mean in 1870 which would lead to 1914 which would lead to 1939.


    1870: The Baltimore American reported that members of the Lloyd Street Synagogue had filed suit against various officers of synagogue in Circuit Court over what they considered violations of the charter as it pertains to matter of ritual and the hiring of a Chazan, among other matters.



     


    1871: It was reported today that a large quantity of diamonds, rubies and other precious stones which had been concealed in the luggage of three French Jews has been seized by Custom House authorities on suspicion that they had been smuggled in to the country aboard the SS Italy.



     


    1875: In Erie, PA, “Isaac and Bertha (Ernhorn ) Baker gave birth University of Chicago graduate and founder of the Federation of Jewish Charities “Edward Mose (Max) Baker,” the longtime President of the Cleveland Stock Exchange” and a leading Progressive Republican political leader.



    1878: “The Happy Californians” published today described the surprise expressed by Christians in California that Michael Reese, the recently deceased German-Jewish millionaire had bequeathed “large sums to different institutions irrespective of their denomination.”


    1878: During the Yellow Fever epidemic that has gripped New Orleans Rabbi J.K. Gutheim, Edward J. Krsheidt and other officers of the Hebrew Benevolent Assoication made the following appeal, “ Sickness, distressand suffering amont the poor are increasing daily.  Our funds are nearly exhaustaed.  In this sad calamity we deem it our melancholy dutry to appeal to the sympathies of our brethern throughout the United States for speedy aid.”


    1879: The Notes of Foreign News column reported the Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs has issued a circular to its missions abroad concerning the condition of the Jews living in the country.  On the one hand the government claimes that “In the future every foreigner” Jewish or non-Jewish, will be eligible to become naturalized citizens regardless of religion.  At the same time, the government claimes that “the Jews in Roumania at the present moment have never been Romanian citizens.  The government questions how it can make them citizens “in one day” since it will that Moldavia will be over-run by 300,000 Jews who are “uneducated fanatics, having a different language,  a different language, a different  different customs, different sentiments and whom the” Romanians have always considered foreginers.  Granting the Jews currently living in Romanaia would “stirke a terrible blow to the economic interest of the county…and would drive the population to revolt…”  [The treatment of the Jews living in Romania was a cause that had been taken up by the Great Powers.  The Romanians wanted recognition as an independent state while working tenanciously to avoid improving the lot of its Jewish citizens.


    1879: It was reported today that The Pall Mall Gazette (an English publication) “says that a Mr. Austin Corbin has ‘gone so far as to exclude Jews from the Manhattan Beach Railway…’” The columnist concludes that this “will be news to Corbin and the Jews.”  (Apparently, the English author did not know that report of Corbin’s ban was quite true.]


    1880: A barge filled with children on an excursion sponsored by the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children narrowly avoided colliding with a yawl-boat as it came through the Narrows today. 


    1880: Mr. Mendel denied recent reports that the Sharon Hotel at Sharon Springs does not accept Jewish guests is false.  He has been staying there for the last three summer seasons as have been several other guests whom the proprietors know are Jewish.  (This comes on the heels of the Saratoga Springs incident)


    1881: Two days after he had passed away, Morris Harris, the son of Nathan and Rebecca Harris and the husband of the former Catherine Myers with whom he had five children was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery)


    1881: The SS Bellevueis scheduled to leave for an excursion to Hart’s Island today at 11 am sponsored by the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society


    1881: “A Pawnbroker Swindled” published today described the victimization of Ellis Silbertsein, a Jewish pawnbroker who owns a shop on North 9th Street in Philadelphia, PA.


    1882: In Chicago, “Louis Ullman and Eleanora Fried” gave birth to University of Chicago graduate and Professor of Latin and Department Chair at the University of North Carolina Berthold Louis Ullman, the husband of Mary Louise Bates and the father of geographer Edward Ullman.



    1882(3rd of Elul, 5642): Forty-two year Leon Jacob Wetheim the Dutch bank employee turned author who was the brother of A.C. Wertheim and the son of Dina Minden and Carl Wertheim, passed away today.


    1883: In Canajoharie (Montgomery County) NY, Judge Thomas W. Bingham officiated at the wedding of New Yorker Joseph P. Joachimsen and Caroline Cohen, “the daughter of the late Marx E. Cohen of Charleston, SC.”


    1883: It was reported that “Lord Edmund Fitzmaurice, Under Foreign Secretary stated in the House of Commons…that the government…has asked the Russian government to” explain why a British Jewish businessman who had “a proper British passport” was expelled.


    1886: Birthdate of Sholom Schwartzbard a Bessarabian-born Jewish anarchist known primarily for the assassination of the Ukrainian politician Symon Petliura.  Schwartzbard held Petliura responsible for the death of his parents who had been murdered in a pogrom in 1919.


    1887(28th of Av, 5647): Julius Weisbaden a miser who has no friends or family in the United States died today Bellevue Hospital


    1887: It was reported today that Adolph Stern a commercial traveler who passed away yesterday will be buried by the Hebrew Mutual Benefit Society at the Salem Fields Cemetery.  Stern, who was a member of the society, died alone since his wife and grown daughter still lived in Germany.


    1888(11th of Elul, 5648): Prominent New York merchant Marks Laski died suddenly today at his home on West 36th Street.


    1888: “Jews in Prussia” published today relied on reports from the London Times to report that in 1880 there were 363,790 Jews living in Prussia which made them 1.33 percent of the population.  Five years later the number of Jews had grown to 366,543 but they were now only 1.29 per cent of the population. 


    1889: “Right or Left” published today described Dr. Friedrich Erlenmeyer’s “proof” that “the ancient Hebrews” were “a left-handed people.”


    1889: Jacques Damala, the non-Jewish husband of Sarah Bernhardt, passed away.


    1889(21st of Av. 5649): Thirty-seven year old Lewis Arnheim, a member of the Georgia State Legislature passed away today.


    1890: Rabbi E.M Chapman of Dallas and Samuel Gompers delivered the eulogies at the funeral for Montague L Marks who was buried at Washington Cemetery on Long Island “according to the practice of the Orthodox Jews.”


    1890: “Baron Hirsch, the well-known Jewish financier and philanthropist sent the Hebrew Young Men’s Benevolent Society of Montreal a check for $20,000 after it was discovered that the Canadian society could not participate in the benefits of the American trust fund which he had created.”


    1890: Birthdate of Solomon Rosenthal, the Lithuanian born chess master.


    1890: Fifty-three year old Samuel Cohen was arrested today on charges that he was falsely representing himself as an agent of the Hebrew Aid Society and was collecting money which was intended to help poor Jews.


    1890: Birthdate of journalist and linguist (Hebrew and Yiddish) Daniel Persky, the native of Minsk who came to the United States at the age of 1921 who motto was “Eved L’Ivrith Anokhi” – “A slave unto Hebrew am I.”



    1890: Sixty-two year old John Cooper Vail, the librarian at Bellevue Hospital and author of the prize winning poem “The Hebrew Gladiator” which was first published in the New York Clipper passed away today.


    1891: Solomon Sassoon Benjamin married Fanny Van Nierop at the Bayswater Synagogue.


    1891: “City and Suburban News” published today described an appeal that Rabbi William M. Krauskopf made that raised $165 for the Hebrew Sheltering House.


    1891: “Brazil Wants Farmers” published today that a large number of Russian Jews have gone to the Brazilian Consul’s office in New York to apply for permission to go that country where they can work as farmers.  Many of those who have already gone there do not know anything about farming and seemed to be more interested in pursuing the profession they know best – peddling.


    1892: “The Pope on Jews and Frenchmen” published today provided a summary of Mme. Severine’s interview with the Pope that appeared in Figaro in which he discussed his views about the Jews and anti-Semitism.


    1892(25th of Av, 5652): Sixty-one year old German author Elise Henle, the wife of Leopold Levi, passed away today at Frankfurt-on-Main.


    1892: Farrer Herschell, 1st Baron Herschell, the son of Ridley Haim Herschell a Jewish convert who founded “the British Society for the Propagation of the Gospel among the Jews” began serving as Lord Chancellor today.


    1893: Birthdate of old “Romanian born American businessman, Benjamin Abrams, a “founder of Emerson Radio and Phonography Corporation” and the Jewish communal leader who “was a founder of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and the Greater New York Committee for State of Israel Bonds.” https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1967/06/24/83124611.pdf


    https://web.archive.org/web/20100105174830/http://www.ce.org/Events/Awards/441.htm



    https://www.hbs.edu/leadership/20th-century-leaders/Pages/details.aspx?profile=benjamin_abrams



     


    1893: The Park Departments has issued a permit to allow the thousands of unemployed Jewish workers to hold a mass meeting in Union Square.


    1893: Emma Goldman the wife of the man who shot Chairman Frick of Carnegie Steel delivered “a violent speech’ at a meeting in Golden Rule Hall on Rivington Street.


    1894: Seventy-one year old Eugene Lawrence, the author of The Jews and Their Persecutors, passed away in New York City.


    1895: “Kesher Shel Barzel” published today traces the history of the organization from its founding in 1860 as a mutual aid society in New York City to becoming one the largest national Jewish benevolent and protective societies in the United States. Kesher Shel Barzel means “Iron Knot.”


    1896: The body of the man with the Hebraic features which was found yesterday in a New Jersey barnyard was identified as Arthur Malke of Newark who has been missing for four days.


    1896: In Hamburg, Nina J. Loeb, the daughter of Solomon Loeb and Paul Warburg gave birth to James Paul Warburg, a World War I veteran and banker who was “a financial adviser to FDR.”


    1897: A crowd of 15,000 heard Mayor Strong when he delivered an address at the Summer Festival given tonight by District Grand Lodge, No.1 Independent Order Free Sons of Israel at Sulzer’s Harlem River Park. 


    1897: J. S. Koenigsberg, a leading member of the Jewish community in Denver  received a letter for Edwin Wallace, the American Counsel at Jerusalem “giving an account of gross misappropriation of money sent by American Jewish societies for the relief of their fellow countrymen” living in that city.


    1898: All the children living at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum should have been removed today from the facility at 138th Street and Amsterdam Avenue as officials dealt with an epidemic of dystentery.


    1899: When the trial of Captain Alfred Dreyfus resumed this morning at 7:25 AM in Rennes, “Colonel Picquart, former Chief of the Intelligence Department of the War Office, was called to the witness stand and continued his deposition which was interrupted yesterday by the adjournment of the court.”


    1899: The meeting of the Third Zionist Congress comes to an end.


    1899: “Dreyfus’s Defenders Heard” published today


    1899: It was reported today that Rigmund Albert, a Jewish cadet, had left the Military Academy at West Point because of he had been persecuted because of his religion.


    1899: Thirty-one year old Siegfried Wolf and Ida Wolf gave birth to Alfred Emil Wolf.


    1900: Birthdate of Passaic, New Jersey native and Princeton University graduate Berry Pink, the WW I U.S. Navy veteran the head of Berry Pink Industries “which reportedly manufactured about a billion marbles a year” leading to be “known as ‘the Marble King.’”


    1903: “The first conference of the Greater New York societies, affiliated with the Federation of American Zionists was held” today “in the Bnei Zion rooms” on Montgomery Street


    1903: 1903: Today, while the Sixth Zionist Congress was meeting Jacob de Haas “came in contact with three Jews, one of whom had been a Zionist and was now indifferent; the second was too religious and the third…a Russian Parisian socialist” who “regretted the hold Zionism was taking on the Russian Jewish students.”


    1904: Max Factor, Sr. moved to the United States and opened a small perfume and cosmetics concession at the St. Louis World’s Fair.  Over time, this would grow into Max Factor and Company, one of the leading makers of cosmetics in the world.
    1904: Birthdate of Max Factor Jr.  Max Factor, Jr. would follow in his father’s footsteps as CEO of Max Factor Cosmetics.  He passed away in 1996.


    1908: One day after he had passed away, Russian born Myer Genn, the husband of Annie Genn with whom he had five children was buried at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland” today.


    1908: One day after she had passed away, Belfast native Lillie Genn, the daughter of Abraham and Fanny Genn was buried today at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland.”


    1908: The New Jersey convention of the American Federation of Labor adopted a resolution endorsing Samuel Gompers and his policies.  The real issue was Gompers’ support William Jennings Bryan’s bid to be elected President in the race against William Howard Taft.


    1910: Ossip Gabrilowitsch and his wife Clara Clemens (the daughter of Mark Twain) gave birth to their daughter Nina who turn out to be the last known lineal descendant the great American humorist and author.


    1911: In Great Britain, the University of Birmingham conferred an honoree degree on Professor Dr. Hermann Oppenheim, a leading neurologist.


    1911: The Alliance Israelite Universelle sends ten thousands francs to relive the suffering resulting from the fires at Constantinople.


    1911: Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres awards Captain Raymond Weill a grant of six thousand francs to continue excavations in Egypt. Weill would go on to lead archaeological expeditions in Palestine in 1913-1914 and 1923-1924 that would include exploration of the part of the ancient Jerusalem water system known as the Siloam Channel.


    1911: Anti-Semitism took on many faces in Russia as Jewish families were expelled from two more cities that had been part of the Pale of Settlement. The Czar’s government also enforced restrictions on the number of Jewish students attending high schools and confiscated property owned by Jews outside of the Pale.


    1911: Founding of Tifereth Israel in Everett, MA.


    1911: James Simon, President of Hilfsverein der Deuteshcne Juden, gave one hundred thousand marks to the Technical Institute in Haifa.


    1912: In Chicago, Illinois, dedication of Temple Beth Israel.


    1912: In New Brunswick, NJ, founding of Avhas Achim synagogue.


    1914: Today, “only eighteen days after the outbreak of” World War One, the Jews of the United States “began to take steps for the relief of their brethren whom they knew would be suffers from the conflict.”


    1914: “In Trachin, an outbreak of fires as Russian troops marched through the town was immediately blamed on the Jews” whose goal, according to the locals, was to let the Germans know where the Russians troops were located.  In this case 14 Jews were arrested and although they were later released their “pillaged goods” were neither returned nor paid for.  (During August and September, the Jews of Poland were subject to numerous pogroms, usually at the hands of the Cossacks forcing them to flee to Warsaw from which they would later be forcibly be deported eastward (263 As reported by Max Hastings)


    1915(8th of Elul, 5675): Schumel Itzig Gordon, the son of Salman Yehuda Gordon, passed away today.


    1915: A group of Jewish leaders met at the Wave Crest Manor, at Wave Crest, L.I., “to consider plans for the publication of a number of classics.”


    1915: Leo “Frank's body arrived at D.C.'s Union Station on its way to New York for burial. Among the 200 people gathered were local members of B'nai B'rith's Argo Lodge, headed by Rabbi Abram Simon of Washington Hebrew Congregation.”


    1915: “The feeling in Marietta over the (Leo) Frank lynching is illustrated by a jeering, sarcastic telegram sent today by the Chief of Police H.H. Looney to Detective William J. Burns who was employed by Frank’s friends and was run out of Marietta after an attempt to lynch him which read ‘Leo Frank lynched here yesterday.  Come quick and help investigate.’”


    1915: “Under the title ‘Finis’ an editorial in this morning’s Macon Daily Telegraph” reads in part, “The Frank case has come to an end – climatic, catastrophical, stunning in is conclusiveness, its absolute finality.”


    1916(19th of Av, 5676): Eighteen year old Samuel Salomo Israelsohn passed away.


    1916: Rabbinical seminaries in Florence and Leghorn, Italy merged due to lack of funds.


    1916: It was reported today that “the condition of the Jews in Palestine calls for immediate attention” and that “the Jewish farmers in Syria have been facing a serious economic crisis which threatens the survival of the promising growth of Jewish agricultural industry – an industry on which so many hope throughout the Jewish world have been built.”


    1916: After nine days, an Allied force of three French divisions and one British division were defeated by the Bulgarians at the little known Battle of Dorian


    1917: Vilmos Vázsonyi completed his term in office as Minister of Justice of Hungary.


    1917: A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless. The downfall of the Jewish community in Thessaloniki started with a fire in the Jewish quarter in 1917. Prior to the start of the fire Thessaloniki had been one of the two o most important Jewish communities in pre-World War II Greece. In the 1600s, Thessaloniki, a Sephardi community, became one of the largest Jewish communities in the world and was known as "ir v’em beyisral," metropolis and mother of Israel. By 1900, more than half of the town’s population was Jewish, which was about 80,000 Jews. In 1900-1910 Thessaloniki had more than 50 synagogues, 20 Jewish schools and numerous Jewish institutions and associations. It was a center of Torah learning for all of Europe. Business was generally conducted in the Sephardi language of Ladino and, on Friday afternoons, almost all commercial life stopped since most of the city’s workers were Jewish. A sprawling Jewish cemetery that was destroyed during World War II to make room for a new university lay in the center of the city (. The Jewish population was varied and included both Kararites and followers of the false messiah Shabbatai Zevi. The city had a strong Judaeo-Spanish culture. For all intents and purposes, this all disappeared with the Holocaust. 


    1917(30th of Av, 5677): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1917: It was reported today that nearly 100 Americans Jews who had been living in Palestine have left Constantinople for Switzerland.
    1918: Due to massive fires in Salonica, 50,000 Jews are homeless.  This represents nearly the entire Jewish population of the city.


    1918: Premiere of “Our Mrs. McChesney” a silent film “based on the 1915 play by Edna Ferber.


    1918: Thirty-four year old Russian born American lawyer and Democratic Party leader Benjamin Antin married Dora Polsky today.


    1918: Benjamin Antin, “a member of the New York Bar and examiner for the Municipal Civil Service Commission and Miss Dora Polsky a New York public school teacher and the daughter of Morris Polsky were married today at the bride’s home on Fulton Avenue in the Bronx.


    1919: An appraisal of the estate of Ludwig Dreyfus filed today shows “that the total was worth $1,305, 318.”


    1920: The Tennessee State Legislature approved the Nineteenth Amendment providing “the final ratification necessary to add the Amendment” that gave women the right to vote “to the United States Constitution.


    1920 Isaac Rabinowitz of New York City received the Distinguished Service Cross today.


    1920: In Holyoke, Vincent and Antoinette D’Addario gave birth to Raymond D’Addario, “an Army photographer whose images of Hitler’s top henchmen during the Nuremberg war crimes trials put their faces before the world as it became increasingly aware of Nazi atrocities.” (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)


    1920: Alfred Mond was the subject of a cartoon in Punch.



    1921: Birthdate of Lydia Litvyak a Soviet fighter pilot during WW II who flew 66 missions before being shot down in 1943.



    1921: In London, The Times published the third in a series of articles by it “Constantinople Correspondent” that “incontrovertibly demonstrated that ‘The Protocols’ consist in the main of ‘clumsy plagiarisms’ from a French political pamphlet directed against Napoleon III and published in Brussels in 1865 by a French Lawyer named Maurice Joly and entitled ‘Dialogues in Hell between Machiavelli and Montesquieu.’”


    1922(24th of Av, 5682): Sixty-three year old “dental surgeon and businessman Dr. Hugo Ascher, the husband of Minna Luise Ascher and the father of German artist Fritz Ascher passed away today in Berlin.



    1922: In St. Louis, MO, “Rose (née Winter), a singer with The Muny, and Jonas Schrift, a designer of men's clothing” gave birth to Sylvia Schrift who gained famed as actress Shelly Winters who enjoyed a long and varied career and who, unlike her fellow acting student Marilyn Monroe, was able to make the transition from female leading lady to character actress which made possible a five decades long career in which she made over 130 films.



    1923(6th of Elul, 5683): Parashat Shoftim


    1923(6th of Elul, 5683): Fifty-six year old Pauline “Lena” Peyser the daughter of Philip Peyser and Natalie Ann Kilinksi, wife of Morris Gusdorf and mother of Melvin and Florence Gusdorf passed away today after which she was buried at Hebrew  Cemetery in Washington, DC.


    1926:Jewish Telegraphic Agency Mail Service reported that “the number of families to be settled in the Ukraine during the years 1927 and 1928 is not to be less than during the present year, that is, not less than 4,000 families each year, the Ukrainian Government Commission for Jewish Land Settlement decided at its meeting here. Since the number to be settled outside the Ukraine during 1927 will not exceed 1,000 families, and in 1928 will be 3,000 families, it has been decided that sufficient land should be allocated in the Ukraine for the settlement in 1927 of 3,000 families and in 1928 of 1,000 families.”


    1926: Jewish Telegraphic Agency Mail Service reported that “The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America has this year produced a new form of collapsible Succah, which can be erected within an hour. These Succahs give an opportunity to the Jews of America to have their observance not only in the Synagogue, but at their homes. Applications can be made to the office of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, 131 West 86th St., New York City.”


    1926: In Warsaw, “Alina (née Fryszman) Lewinson and Szymon Lewinson , a urologist and Polish Army officer murdered in Katyń” gave birth to journalist Janina (née Lewinson) Bauman, the wife of  “socialist and philosopher Zygmunt Bauman.”



    1928: In Manhattan, “Abner Millon, a tailor, and the former Mollie Gorkowitz” gave birth to Theodore Millon “a psychologist whose theories helped define how scientists think about personality and its disorders, and who developed a widely used measure to analyze character traits.” (As reported by Benedict Carey)


    1929: Arabs, following their attack Friday on the Wailing Wall and on groups of Jews yesterday, today stoned Rabbi Nical of the College of Torah Chaim.


    1929(12th of Av, 5689) A young Sephardic Jew named Abraham Mizrachi who was stabbed at the Maccabi grounds near Mea Shearim, in the Bukharan Quarter on Shabbat by Arab rioters died of his wounds today.


    1930: In Ploiesti, Romania, Isidor and Mina Librscu gave birth to Holocaust survivor and Israeli professor Liviu Librescu, who was murdered while trying to protect his students during the massacre at Virginia Tech in 2007



    1931: Birthdate of political scientist and author of The Political Science of British Politics Jack Ernest Shalom Hayward the native of Shanghai and scion of an Iraqi family that was interred by the Japanese during WW II who served in the RAF and who has been a Professor of Politics at the University of Hull and the University of Oxford.


    1932: It was reported today that those left to mourn the Louise H. Pollak of blessed memory include her husband Julian A. Pollak, the Cincinnati City Councilman, her three children – David, Julian R. and Betty – her mother Mrs. David M. Hyman, her brother Mark Hyman and her sister Mrs. Alfred Friedlander.


    1932: “The Beautiful Adventure” a romantic comedy directed by Reinhold Schunzel who also co-authored the script was released today in Germany.


    1932: In Germany, premiere of “The Bartered Bride” a film based on the comic opera directed by Max Ophüls who also co-authored the script.


    1933: In Paris, Bula (née Katz-Przedborska) and Ryszard Polański, a painter and manufacturer of sculptures gave birth to Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański who gave fame as Roman Polanski.


    1933: According to press reports published in Jerusalem, Mrs. Sarah Levi of Singapore has set aside her fortune of £100,000 to rebuild Safed, which suffered during the 1929 riots.


    1933: It was reported from Jerusalem that Aba Achimeir, a Revisionist, has been charged with having conspiring to assassinate Dr. Chaim Arlosoroff.


    1933: The British High Commissioner issued an order that in all towns of mixed population a third of the wages spent in public works shall be assigned to Jewish labor.


    1933: According to the official count, there are a total of 297 accredited Zionists delegates to the Zionist Congress meeting in Prague: 139 are Laborites, 79 General Zionists, 47 Revisionists and 32 Mizrachi.


    1933: The meeting of the International Congress of Mizrachi meeting in Cracow, Poland, comes to an end.  Before adjourning delegates the delegates called for the reorganization of the Jewish Agency, expressed opposition to the leadership of Chaim Weizmann and called for a world Orthodox religious congress to be held in Jerusalem no later than 1935.


    1933: In Germany, the Ministry of Propaganda and Enlightenment prohibits the filming of a scenario based on Stefan Zweig's "Amok."


    1936(30th of Av, 5696): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1936(30th of Av, 5696):  Eighty-two year old Martha Springer Fleisher passed away today after she was interred at Mount Sinai Cemetery in Philadelphia.


    1936: “In a statement released today by the National Conference of Jews and Christians, leaders in the Catholic, Protestant and Jewish faiths in American expressed resentment at the speech of Father Charles E. Coughlin in which he challenged the Jews to affirm their belief in the principle of brotherly love” – a belief that he said Christians accepted but which he did not think Jews had demonstrated their belief.


    1936: Fifty thousand Jewish residents of Tel Aviv attended the funeral today of two nurses killed by Arab snipers yesterday. “Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, British High Commissioner in Palestine, expressed his ‘deepest sorrow and abhorrence of the recent brutal murders and attacks on a perfectly innocent people.’”


    1937: In Geneva, the Permanent Mandates Commission had completed its sessions and submitted a secret report on the British partition of Palestine scheme to the Council of the League of Nations.


    1937: In Zurich, Dr. Chaim Weizmann opened the fifth session of the Jewish Agency Council and announced that it would support the Zionist Congress policy of negotiating with Britain, in principle, the terms of the establishment of a Jewish state. He was opposed by Dr. Felix Warburg, of the council’s non-Zionist representation.


    1938: Birthdate of Marcia Lewis who received an RN from the Jewish Hospital School of Nursing in Cincinnati before gaining fame as a Tony nominated actress and singer. (As reported by Bruce Weber)


    1938:A British military column was ambushed this afternoon by a gang of well armed Arabs near Acre. The troops assisted by aircraft fought back and in the battle at least twenty-seven Arabs were killed by the fliers and ten more by the troops.


    1938: As Arab violence continued, an eight year old Jewish boy was killed and four others were wounded when a bomb was thrown at a crowd on the border between Tel Aviv and Jaffa while another Arab threw a bomb at truck carrying eleven Jewish workers, wounding nine of them.


    1938: As Arab violence continued to escalate in Palestine, hundreds of Moslems took to the streets of London shouting “Down with the ignorant Wells” as they protested the publication of A Short History of the World by H.G. Wells.  At the same time a Moslem delegation complained to the High Commissioner of India that the book “insulted the memory of Mohammed and the Koran.” 


    1940: Birthdate of Nelli Abramova the Jewish volleyball player who helped the Soviet Union win a Silver Medal at the Olympics in 1964


    1941: The Nazis took over authority of Kovno and sealed off the ghetto. Five hundred Jews were taken from the ghetto to be killed. Looting and killing of the Intelligentsia would soon follow.


    1941: Adolf Hitler ordered the end to the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and handicapped persons due to protests within Germany.  This change in policy at least raises the question as to what effect similar protests by Church leaders and others might have had in averting the Final Solution.


    1942: The Nazis deported 998 Jews, including 287 children, to the East from Belgium.


    1942(5th of Elul, 5702): Thirty year old Marianne Baum, the wife of Herbert Baum with whom she helped to organize resistance to the Nazis “was executed in Plötzensee Prison” two months after Herbert was murdered by the Nazis.


    1942(5th of Elul, 5702): Forty-eight year old Czech composer Erwin Schulhoff who had been “deported to the Wülzburg concentration camp, near Weißenburg, Bavaria” in 1941 died there today from the effects of tuberculosis


    1943: Thousands of more Jews were deported from Bialystok to Treblinka. This was last train to ever be sent there. All the Jews were sent to the gas chambers. Afterwards, the camp closed down for good.


    1943: The last transport from Salonika arrived in Auschwitz consisting of 1,800 laborers, the last of 48,533 people to be deported from that town. Almost 38,000 of them would be exterminated on arrival.


    1943: The process of destroying the evidence of mass murder that took place at Babi Yar, a suburb of Kiev in the Soviet Ukraine, began. Jewish and Soviet prisoners were set to work, unearthing thousands of bodies and burning them in huge pyres. The Jewish prisoners attended to the horrible task knowing that they too would be shot and burned at the end they tried an escape. During attempt to hide the evidence of genocide, 311 out of 325 Jewish and Soviet prisoners would be killed in their break-out attempt.


    1945: A group of refugees in the “Beriha” movement in Komo, Italy were captured by the camera.



    1948: “Hollow Triumph,” a film noir directed by Steve Sekely, with a screenplay by Daniel Fuchs and music by Sol Kaplan premiered in Reading, PA.


    1948: Yiftah, a kibbutz in northern Israel located near the Lebanese border “was established today “by demobilized Palmach soldiers who were members of the Yiftach Brigade, after which the kibbutz is named.”


    1950: First performance of "The Village I Knew," choreographed by Sophie Maslow.


    1950: In Chicago, “Albert Friedlan, who survived three years in Auschwitz” and the former “Ilona Muller,” who worked “as a forced laborer during the Holocaust:” gave birth to Robert Martin Friedland, the Reed College friend of Steve Jobs and international businessman who has been involved in some questionable business dealing.




    1951: Dr. Nahum Goldmann, chairman of the Jewish Agency Executive's American section, appealed tonight to the delegates to the twenty-third World Zionist Congress to shelve the ideological debate on whether it was the duty of all Zionists to settle in Israel.


    1951: In Ramala, Moshe Moshonov a native of Bulgaria and his wife gave birth to “Israeli actor, comedian and director” Shlomo “Moni’ Moshonov.
    1952: The US granted Israel over $73 million for the relief and resettlement of immigrants and for technical cooperation.


    1952: Birthdate of comedic talent Elayne Boosler


    1954: Today “Jerusalem honored Joseph Carlebach's work, among others at the local Lämel-School, by naming a street, Rekhov Carlebach/Karlibakh רחוב קרליבך, after him in the neighborhood of Talpiot.”


    1957(21st of Av, 5717): English born film composer Louis Levy passed away


    1957(21st of Av, 5717): Rabbi Aharon Rokeach the fourth Rebbe of the Belz Hasidic dynasty passed away. Born in 1877, he led the movement from 1926 until his passing in 1957.




    1959: “Wanda Landowska” published today eulogized the great harpsichordist described as “a musician’s musician.”



    1962: Birthdate of Tel Aviv native Noam Kaniel who “has sold over 8 million records.”


    1963: “’55 Pulitzer Jury Chose Odets Play” published today described the decision eight years ago of the Pulitzer Prize Board to over-rule the Pulitzer Prize jury’s choice of “The Flowering Peach,” a play based on the story of Noah by Clifford Odets, as the winner of the drama prize for 1955.



    1968: A funeral service is scheduled to be held in New York for 67 year old, Joseph Platzker, the former Commissioner of Housing and Buildings.



    1969: “Take the Money and Run” starring Woody Allen and Louise Lasser and with music by Marvin Hamlisch was released today in the United States.


    1969: The Woodstock Music and Art Fair which was held on the land of Max B. Yasgur came to an end.


    1970(16th of Av, 5730): Forty-nine year old Louis Pollack the art dealer and historian who founded Peredot Gallery passed away today.


    1974: Birthdate of Nicole Krauss, the New York novelist best known for Man Walks Into a Room, The History of Love and Great House who married Jonathan Safran Foer with whom she had two children – Sasha and Cy.



    1976: In Washington, DC, the National Hadassah Convention came to an end.


    1977: The US formally and publicly rebuked Israel’s decision to extend certain new services to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and to approve, by the Ministerial Committee for Settlement, the three new settlements on the West Bank: south of Tulkarm, at Mevo Horon and between Hebron and Beersheba. The US expressed deep disappointment that Israel ignored President Jimmy Carter¹s appeal to avoid such actions before the reconvening of the Geneva Peace Conference.


    1977: The ambassador to the UN, Chaim Herzog, lashed out at UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim, who had also expressed regret that Israel set up new settlements. Herzog reminded Waldheim that double standard and discrimination had long been a norm at the UN.


    1978: In Berkley, CA, Marjorie and Joe Samberg gave birth to American entertainer David A.J. “Andy: Samberg.


    1978(15th of Av, 5738)


    1978(15th of Av): One person was killed when a terrorist bomb went off in a Tel Aviv market.


    1981: Jerry Lewis appears on "Donahue" to defend Telethons.


    1983: In Los Angeles Henry Winkler, best known as  “The Fonz” on “Happy Days” and Stacy Furstman Weitzman gave birth to screenwriter and director Max Daniel Winkler.


    1983: The Park East Synagogue building at 163 East 67thStreet (NYC) which had been established as Congregation Zichron Ephriam by Rabbi Bernard Drachman was [laced on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places today.


    1983(9th of Elul, 5743): Eight-one year old Sir Nikolaus Pevsner (Bernhard Leon), the German born son of a Jewish furrier who became the  British art historian “best known for his 46-volume series of county-by-county guides, The Buildings of England“ passed away today.



    1986: Morton Abramowitz was commissioned as Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research.


    1988: “ABC Suing Israeli Agency for Showing News Tapes” published today described litigation involving the screening of news footage in Jerusalem.



    1989: “Let It Ride” a comedy starring Richard Dreyfus and featuring Allen Garfield was released in the United States today.


    1993: In Israel, the Supreme Court “rejected the petitions” challenging the Attorney-General’s decision to release Demjanjuk  “on the grounds that (1) the principle of double jeopardy would be infringed, (2) that new charges would be unreasonable given the seriousness of those of which he had been acquitted, (3) that conviction on the new charges would be unlikely, and (4) that Demjanjuk was extradited from the United States specifically to stand trial for offenses attributed to Ivan the Terrible of Treblinka, and not for other alternative charges.”


    1994: In Copenhagen, the fifth congress of the EAJS came to an end.


    1994(11th of Elul, 5754): Latvian born Israeli scientist and philosopher Yeshayahu Leibowitz passed away. (As reported by Joel Greenberg)http://www.nytimes.com/1994/08/19/obituaries/yeshayahu-leibowitz-91-iconoclastic-israeli-thinker.html?pagewanted=print&src=pm


    1996:Devorah Zlochower, Leora Bednarsh, and Laura Steiner were recognized for completing a three-year program of Talmud study at the Drisha Institute for Jewish Education in New York City



    1996(3rd of Elul, 5756): Sixty-six year old Hugo Gabriel Gryn , a leader in the Reform movemtn, passed away.  A native of Berehovo, he survived Auschwitz, trained in America and served as the Rabbi for West London Synagogue for 32 years



    1999(6th of Elul, 5759): Fifty-five year old award winning playwright and author Hanoch Levin passed away today.



    1999: The Drisha Institute for Jewish Education graduated its first class.  According to its mission statement the Drisha Institute “provides women with the opportunity to engage in traditional Jewish text study in an environment which encourages seriousness of purpose, free inquiry and respect for classical texts. Drisha offers a wide variety of study options for women of all backgrounds and levels.”


    2001: Elisabeth Murdoch married Matthew Freud, head of Freud Communications and the great-grandson of Sigmund Freud.


    2002: The Sunday New York Times featured a review of Stone Kiss by Jewish mystery writer Faye Kellerman and a printing of the poem “Like a Seal” by Abba Kovner translated from the Hebrew by Eddie Levenston


    2003(20th of Av, 5763): Seventy-eight year old bookseller and former “Timesman” Julius Ochs Adler, Jr. passed away today. (As reported by Robert D. McFadden and Eric Pace)



    2004:  Eighty-two year old composer Elmer Bernstein passed away. Born in 1922, the Academy Award winning composer gave us memorable scores for many movies including The Magnificent Seven, To Kill A Mockingbird, The Great Escape, The Man With A Golden Arm. (As reported by Adam Bernstein)



    2004(1st of Elul, 5764): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    2005: Shirat HaYam was evacuated today as part of Israel’s unilateral disengagement from Gaza.


    2005: Kfar Darom was evacuated as part of Israel's unilateral disengagement plan.


    2006: Congressman Steve Rothman married Jennifer Beckenstein, the community affairs coordinator at the Center for Food Action in Englewood, New Jersey. The couple met through JDate, an online dating website for Jewish singles. Between them, Rothman and Beckenstein have five teenage children and two dogs, who plan to live in Rothman's home, which is being expanded to accommodate the blended family


    2006: Haim Ramon resigned as Justice Minister.


    2006: “On Sontag: Essayist as Metaphor and Muse” published today provides Holland Cotter’s description of the photography show at the Metropolitan Museum designed to honor the memory of Susan Sontag.



    2006: “The Illusionist” produced by Brian Koppelman and Bob Yari and with music by Philip Glass was released today in the United States.


    2007: In Jerusalem, "Music in All the Shades" presents "A Musical Trip in the Balkan Countries," featuring Constantine Kitlin on the clarinet, Olga Dshbeski on the flute, Yulia Sinaibeski on the mandolin, and Yuri Pobolotskion on the accordion.


    2007:The Shabbat observance of the San Diego Humanistic Jewish Congregation will celebrate Individualism with an investigation of the Essenes, Jews who settled at Qumran and created the Dead Sea Scrolls.


    2008: James B. Cunningham presented his credentials as U.S. Ambassador to Israel.


    2008(17th of Av, 5768): Ninety-one year old Manny Farber, a painter whose spiky, impassioned film criticism waged war against sacred cows like Orson Welles and elevated American genre-movie directors like Howard Hawks and Sam Fuller to the Hollywood pantheon, died today at his home in Leucadia, Calif.



    2008: Time magazine includes an article about the critical swing vote that begins, “The most important demographic for Barack Obama in November might be old Jews in Florida, and the most important old Jew in Florida is my grandmother” and a review of Neillie Hermann’s novel, The Cure for Greif featuring Ruby Bronstein, her “strong, loving family” including her father a “Holocaust survivor father, whose observance of Jewish customs persists despite his professed loss of faith” with whom she visits the camp where he was interred as a young boy


    2008: Tzfat [Safed] Klezmer Festival opens.


    2008: In an article entitled “Under ‘Kafkaesque’ Pressure, Heir to Kafka Papers May Yield Them,”Ethan Bronner described the fate Franz Kafka’s personal papers which had been rescued by Max Brod and eventually became the property to Esther Hoffe who has now passed away.


    2009: “It was reported today that Paula Abdul was negotiating to return to Idol after not taking part in season nine of Dancing with the Stars


    2009(28thof Av, 5769): Ninety-eight year old Rose Friedman, the widow of Milton Friedman with whom she was an intellectual and personal soul-mate, passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)



     2009: Dan Zofi and Jack Germany led and evening of Israeli & International Folk dancing at Beit Shalom Synagogue, the Jewish Congregation of Maui.


    2009: Today Israeli novelist David Grossman was named a finalist for the only international literary peace prize awarded in the United States. The board of the Dayton Literary Peace Prize announced that Grossman was on its short list of possible award winners for his collection of essays "Writing in the Dark."The committee said Grossman was a finalist for his "six essays on politics and culture in Israel, including his speech on the 2006 Lebanon War, which took the life of his son. Grossman addresses the conscience of a country that has lost faith in its leaders and its ideals."Along with Grossman, others on the shortlist include the notable authors Thomas L. Friedman and Ma Jian.


    2010: "A Film Unfinished" directed by Yael Hersonski is scheduled to be shown at the Film Forum in New York. At the end of WWII, 60 minutes of raw film, having sat undisturbed in an East German archive, was discovered. Shot by the Nazis in Warsaw in May 1942, and labeled simply "Ghetto," this footage quickly became a resource for historians seeking an authentic record of the Warsaw Ghetto. However, the later discovery of a long-missing reel complicated earlier readings of the footage. A Film Unfinished presents the raw footage in its entirety, carefully noting fictionalized sequences (including a staged dinner party) falsely showing "the good life" enjoyed by Jewish urbanites, and probes deep into the making of a now-infamous Nazi propaganda film. A Film Unfinished is a film of enormous import, documenting some of the worst horrors of our time and exposing the efforts of its perpetrators to propel their agenda and cast it in a favorable light.


    2010: In Cedar Rapids, IA, the Hadassah Book Club is scheduled to meet at the home of Andrea Liu where Ina Loewenberg  is scheduled to facilitate a program entitled “Reading Aloud: Poems on Jewish Themes.”


    2010: With the mid-August heat showing no mercy on the Holy Land, locals broke an all-time single-day record for electricity use this afternoon, the Israel Electric Corporation announced. The corporation said demand topped 11,200 megawatts, following 19 straight days of unprecedented energy usage


    2010(8thof Elul, 5770): Ninety-nine year old Benjamin Kaplan who as an U.S. Army officer played a critical role in the Nuremberg trials and then went to become a Harvard Law Professor and jurist passed away. (As reported by Bruce Weber)



    2010(8thof Elul, 5770): Ninety-four year old Martin Dannenberg the man who “found the Nuremberg Laws Document” passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)



    2011: David McKenzie, JHSGW Interpretive Programs Manager is scheduled to lead a Walking Tour of Jewish Washington in which participants will learn what it was like to live and worship as a Jew in Washington from 1850 to 1950 in the historic Seventh Street, NW, neighborhood, now known as Chinatown but originally settled largely by German Jews.


    2011: The Fourth Annual Pickle eating contest is scheduled to take place at the Sixth & I Historic Synagogue.  The pickles are being supplied by Sixth & Rye, a food truck that travels the streets of the Nation’s Capital offering a variety of kosher delights including corned beef on rye. 


    2011: Attackers mounted at least three separate strikes on Israeli civilians and soldiers around the popular Red Sea resort of Eilat today, killing seven and wounding at least 20, in what the country’s defense minister called a “grave terrorist incident.” The Israeli military said the attacks originated in Gaza, and were the result of increased lawlessness eastern Egypt following the country’s revolution.


    2011: The IDF attacked terror targets in Rafah in the Gaza Strip today, in response to a three-stage terrorist attack which killed seven Israelis and wounded dozens in the South earlier in the day.


    2011: Social justice protests have been canceled for the coming days, including a mass rally planned for Saturday night in Jerusalem, following combined terror attacks in the South of Israel that left seven Israelis dead and over two dozen wounded this afternoon.


    2011: The New York Times featured a review of Wendy and the Lost Boys: The Uncommon Life of Wendy Wasserstein by Julie Salamon


    2011: Members of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community gather at Temple Judah for a Surprise Birthday Party celebrating the birthday of Marianne Bern.


    2011(18thof Av, 5771): Eighty-two year old Sally Goodgold, an activist who defied ‘pigeon-holing’ passed away today. (As reported by David W. Dunlap)



    2011(18th of Av, 5771): Forty-nine year old “Paskal Avrahami, a member of the YAMAM Counter-terrorism Unit was killed this evening during a firefight with terrorists north of Eilat on the border with Egypt. He was married and had three children.”


    2011(18thof Av, 5771): St.-Sgt. Moshe Naftali was killed today while responding to the terrorist attacks near Eilat.


    2011(18thof Av, 5771): Fifty-seven Yossef Levy was killed during a terrorist attack and his wife was injured during today’s terrorist attack.


    2011(18thof Av, 5771): Ninety-one year old biochemist Maruice M. Rapport passed away today in Durham, NC. (As reported by William Grimes



    2012: Nicole Wolf-Camplin  is scheduled to celebrate her Bat Mitzvah at Agudas Achim in Iowa City, IA


    2012:In Cedar Rapids, Iowa,  Temple Judah is scheduled to host an open house in honor of Marianne Bern’s 90thbirthday.


    2012: Kippah-wearing Jews and non-Jews are expected to march today in Sweden as a sign of solidarity with Malmö’s Jews.



    2012(30thof Av, 5772): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    2012: Amy Schumer’s “standup comedy special Mostly Sex Stuff premiered on Comedy Central” today.


    2012: Three Egyptian policemen and a soldier were injured near the Sinai town of Sheikh Zuwaid today when armed men fired a rocket-propelled grenade at their convoy during an operation against militants following the killing of 16 border guards.



    2012: A savage fight between Jewish and Arab teenagers in downtown Jerusalem late at night on August 16 that left a 20-year-old Arab man in critical condition, with witnesses calling it a "lynch situation" against the three Arabs. A 19-year-old Jewish Jerusalem man was arrested on this afternoon in connection with the beating. He will be remanded at the Jerusalem Magistrates Court today. Police refused to say whether he had a history of similar incidents, though they expect a number of additional arrests in the coming days.


    2013: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Center Holds: Obama and His Enemies by Jonathan Alter and the recently release paperback edition of Iron Curtain” The Crushing of Eastern Europe, 1944-1956 by Anne Applebaum 


    2013: Starting today the Health Ministry is scheduled to “offer oral polio vaccine to children up to the age of nine-and-a-half years.” (As reported by Judy Siegel-Itzkovich)


    2013: In Coralville, Iowa Congregation Agudas Achim under the leadership of Rabbi Jeff Portman is scheduled to host its annual synagogue picnic.


    2013: “When Comedy Went to School” is scheduled to shown at the San Diego Jewish Film Festival.


    2013: “The campaign to recall Mayor Bob Filner amid accusations of sexual harassment” began gathering signatures today. (As reported by Tony Perry)


    2013: “Archaeologists working in Jerusalem have discovered what they say is a 2,700 year-old pottery fragment with an ancient Hebrew inscription possibly containing the name of a Biblical figure.” (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)



    2014: Klezkanada, the international festival of Jewish/Yiddish culture and the arts is scheduled to open today.


    2014: “Alive Inside, A Story of Music and Memory” and “Alive Inside, A Story of Music and Memory,” a film about “a downed Israeli fighter pilot and a Palestinian boy” are scheduled to be shown at the Berkshire Jewish Film Festival.


    2014: The 16th Street Book Club at the Jewish History Center is scheduled to host a discussion of Stations WestAllison Amend’s novel about Jewish life in the early days of the Oklahoma Territory.


     


    2014: “British supermarket chain Sainsbury’s apologized today after staff at a central London store removed kosher food from shelves in response to protesters outside demanding a boycott of Israeli goods.” (As reported by JTA)


    2014: Egypt confirmed that both Israel and Hamas have agreed to another extension of the current cease-fire.


    2014: The number of senior Republican Jewish leaders in the House of Representatives went to zero today as the resignation of Eric Cantor from Congress took effect today following his defeat by a “Tea Party” Republican in the party’s primary.


    2015: UK Jewish Film is scheduled to host a showing of “Iris” the “50th and last film of Albert Maysles” in which he pays a wry tribute to Iris Apfel, a quick-witted, highly original 93-year-old New York style icon.”


    2015: Docent Training is scheduled to begin at the Breman Jewish Museum in Atlanta, GA.


    2015(3rd of Elul, 5775): Eighty-nine year old Bud Yorkin who teamed with Norman Lear to create a string edgy comedies including “All in the Family,” “Maude” and “The Jeffersons” passed away today.



    2015: As we mark the centennial of Leo Frank’s lynching, “the Anti-Defamation League’s Washington, DC Regional Director, David Friedman” spoke “about the ADL’s fight against ant-Semitism.


    2016: In Brooklyn, Halyards bar is scheduled to host a Tu B’Av event this evening where “a group of talented storytellers and comedians will share their tales of love lost, found, and everything in between.”


    2016: Today “begin the 100-day countdown to the kickoff” to the start of a year-long celebration marking the creation of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies in Canada.


    2016: Finally screening of “Bulgarian Rhapsody” sponsored by the UKJF is scheduled to be shown at the JW3.


    2017(26th of Av, 5777): Seventy-two year old campaign strategist and political guru Arthur Finkelstein pas away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)



    2017: In Atlanta, GA, The Breman Museum is scheduled to host program where attendees learn “about Josef Skupa, a Czech puppeteer who performed satirical puppet shows during the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia.”


    2017: The first Sababa NJ Shabbat dinner for young Jewish adults in Union Country is scheduled to take place this evening.


    2017: The Modern Dance Theater Istanbul of Istanbul State Opera & Ballet is scheduled to perform tonight as part of Tel Aviv Dance presented by the Suzanne Dellal Centre.


    2018: Israeli comedian Naor Zion, “the son of Persian Jewish parents” is scheduled to return to his stand-up comic roots with a show at Beit Shmuel.


    2018(7th of Elul, 5778): Parashat Shoftim; for more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/


     


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    August 19


    43 BCE: Octavian later known as Augustus compels the senate to elect him Consul. As the first Emperor of Rome (in fact, if not in name) Augustus would follow the policies of “moderation and accommodation” towards Judea begun by his Uncle, Julius Caesar


    14CE: Augustus, Roman Emperor passed away. For the Jews, Augustus was a comparatively benign ruler. He left Judea under a Jewish king (even if it was Herod) and only converted the homeland of the Jews to a province during the turmoil that followed Herod's death.  Under Augustus Roman governors were ordered to follow policies that would not antagonize the Jews including.  They were not to permit pagan altars to be built in Jerusalem and their troops were not to parade through the city carrying standards with the picture of the Emperor. He followed a similarly benign policy towards the Jews in the Diaspora including allowing them to contributions to support the Temple and exempting Jews from appearing in court on the Sabbath, starting with Friday night.


    1099: The armies of the First Crusade defeated the Saracens at the Battle of Ascalon (an historic Palestinian city on the Mediterranean), one month after they had captured Jerusalem. Neither the Jews nor the Moslems fared well at the hands of the Crusaders.  They slaughtered the Jews of Europe as they marched away and slaughtered the Jews of Jerusalem when they took the city.  The Crusaders did win the Battle of Ascalon, but they actually did not capture the city of Ascalon due to a quarrel between two of the Crusader leaders.  The city remained in the hands of the Moslems and would become a base from which Jerusalem would be attacked in subsequent campaigns.  This would not be the last time that initial victories by Western armies fighting in the Middle East did not result in long term conquests.


    1203: “A fire started by Flemish crusaders burned down the Jewish quarter of Constantinople including the synagogue.” (History of the Jewish People)


    1263: King James I of Aragon takes the lead in one of the earliest recorded instances of Christian censorship of Jewish writings.


    1274: Coronation of King Edward I of England. Under Edward’s reign things went from bad to worse.  For example in “1279 and edict imposed the death penalty on Jews accused of uttering blasphemy about Christianity.  In 1280, “Edward ordered Jews to listen to Cominicans preaching conversion.”  In one of his “last acts of extortion…he arrested the heads of Jewish families and demanded their communities…raise a 12,000 pound ransom payment.”  Finally, in 1290, the King ordered the expulsion of all Jews from his realm.  He would be the last ruler of England to officially deal with the Jewish people until the days of Oliver Cromwell.


    1338: Host desecration riots destroyed the Jewish community of Wolfsberg, Austria. The Jews were accused of having stolen the Eucharist, making it bleed, and trying to burn it. Over 70 Jews were burned at the stake and the community destroyed. The community was never revived.


    1439: Frederick III, the Holy Roman Emperor passed away today.  “To his last hour” he “protected those outlawed by all the world,” a reference to the Jewish people.  “He had a Jewish physician” and made Jacob ben Yehicel Loans a knight.  On his deathbed, “Frederick is said to have strongly recommended the Jews to his son, enjoining on him to protect them, and not to listen calumnious accusations, whose falsity he had fathomed. (As reported by Graetz)


    1509: The Battle of the Books took place in Frankfurt (Germany): Johann Pfefferkorn, an apostate Jew, convinced Maximilien I to destroy all Jewish books, especially the Talmud. The books were defended by a gentile, Johann von Reuchlin, a noted humanist, scholar and student of the Zohar. The battle was decided in his favor, and the decree was rescinded. Such challenging of the Church by Christian scholars - on its own ground - helped bring about the Reformation and the revolt against the Church 


    1555: First printing of Orech Chaim a section of the Shulchan Aruch in Eretz Yisrael. The Shulchan Aruch (The Set Table in English) is a major compilation of Jewish Law created by Rabbi Joseph Caro.  He began writing the work while living in western Turkey in 1522.  He finished it while living in Safed, the gathering place for scholars and mystics in Eretz Israel.  The Shulchan Aruchis divided into four sections the first of which is Orech Chaim.  Orech Chaim deals with laws concerning prayer, Synagogue, Shabbat and holiday observances. It would take approximately five years for all subsections to be printed.


    1662: French philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal passed away.  Unlike some other French philosophers Pascal thought highly of the Jewish people as the following quote proves, "It is certain that in certain parts of the world we can see a peculiar people, separated from the other peoples of the world and this is called the Jewish people…. This people is not only of remarkable antiquity but has also lasted for a singularly long time… For whereas the people of Greece and Italy, of Sparta, Athens and Rome and others who came so much later have perished so long ago, these still exist, despite the efforts of so many powerful kings who have tried a hundred times to wipe them out, as their historians testify, and as can easily be judged by the natural order of things over such a long spell of years. They have always been preserved, however, and their preservation was foretold… My encounter with this people amazes me…."


    1629: Rabbi Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller was dismissed from office today and imprisoned at the order of the imperial court of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II for “insulting Christianity” – a charge which led to a fine of being levied on the rabbi, one fifth of which was paid for by Jacob Bassevi von Treuenberg, the financier and “Court Jew” who served three different emperors including Ferdinand II.


    1654: Gershon Shaul Yom Tov Lipman Heller, "Tosfot Yom Tov" passed away today. “He served as chief Rabbi of Prague and of Vienna.  His most famous work was a commentary on the Mishnah entitled Tosafot Yom Tov.  The word Tosafot is translated as “additions.”  There are those who contend that the Tosafot are not actually “additions” or commentaries on the Talmud but commentaries on Rashi’s commentary.  Regardless Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller was a great scholar, sage and communal leader.”



    1770: Israel Lyons a silversmith living in Cambridge where he taught Hebrew to students at the university, wrote Observation and Enquiries Relating to Various Parts of Scripture History and raise two children - Israel, an “astronomer, botanist and mathematician, and Judith – passed away today.



     1781: George Washington and his French allies under the command of Rochambeau began their secret forced march that would end at Yorktown and lead to the eventual American victory and independence for a nation that provided a home and haven to millions of Jews.


    1800: Birthdate of “German poet” Michael Beer “brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer, the composer, and of Wilhelm Beer, the astronomer.”


    1803: Six days after he had passed away, Simeon Hart Myers, the son of Naphtali Hart Myers and the former Hester Moses, was buried today at the “Holly Road burial ground.”


    1807: Jacob Aaron married Catherine Benjamin today at the Great Synagogue.


    1807: Lewis Isaacs married Caroline Pyke today at the Great Synagogue.


    1818: Joseph Michaels married Rebecca Harris today at the Hambro Synagogue.


    1827: One day after he had passed away, 69 year old Nathan Nathan was buried at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery” today.


    1835: A Jew Bill (legislation intended to complete the political and civil emancipation of English Jews) passed its first reading in the House of Lords.


     


    1840: Today, Israel B. Kursheedt who had “played a key role in the establishment of Hebra Terumath Hakkodesh, which aided the poor of Israel, chaired a gathering of New York’s Jewish community to protest” the arrest of several Jews living in Damascus on charges of having killed a Franciscan friar so that they could use his blood for Passover in what is called the Damascus Affair.’


    1843: In Strasbourg, Alsace, France, Louis and Babette Block gave birth to Adolphe Bloch, the husband of Noémie Bloch whose children included Marcel Dassualt, a leader in the French aviation industry.


    1845: In the Paris suburb of Boulogne-sur-Seine, Haut-de-Seine, James Mayer Rothschild and Betty von Rothschild gave birth to their youngest child Baron Edmond Benjamin James de Rothschild


    1848:  The California Gold Rush really gets under way as news of the strike appears in the New York Herald alerting Americans living in the East that “there is gold in them thar hills.”  Jews joined the thousands of others who streamed west looking for fortune.  According to Pioneer Jews by Harriet and Fred Rochlin, local newspapers provided documentary proof of the Jewish presence: “The Cohen claim at Vallecito made another whopping clean-up.”  “Nathan Rhine has one of the best ledges…He expended about $8,000 to develop it.”  “A Jew named Heyman and several others have worked for some weeks some claims on the new ledge.  These claims were jumped by a man named Moore.”  Jews and gentiles discovered that there were more ways to make their fortunes than digging and panning.  Of course the most famous Jew to strike it rich was Levi Strauss whose pants not only won the West but our now a household brand around the world.


    1851: Birthdate of Ferdinand-Camille Dreyfus the French journalist and office holder who was not related to Captain Alfred Dreyfus but who ended up fighting a duel with the notorious anti-Semite, the Marquis de Mores at the same time that the embattled French captain was being railroaded.


    1852: In Wilkes-Barre, PA, Abraham Strauss and Emilie Bodenheimer gave birth to Joseph Seligman Strauss, the husband of Miriam Weiss, who took time from his legal practice to serve as a member of the Wilkes-Barre School Board and a member of the Executive Committee of B’nai B’rith.


    1856: Birthdate of Harold Frederick, the native of Utica, NY, who wrote The New Exodus: A Study of Israel in Russia which displayed a sympathy for the subject – the way in which the Czar’s government treated its Jewish subjects.


    1861: Derogatory stereotypes were part of the American linguistic landscape as can be seen in this report published in the Charleston Courierdescribing an episode among Union prisoners being held at Richmond. A newsboy who had been in the habit of selling his papers at three, suddenly ran his price up to five cents, and on making his accustomed sale in the morning to one of the prisoners, the latter first refused to "come down." The young vender was equally inexorable, and finally carried his point, and received the amount of his demand. This rise in stocks was reported to the Yankee conclave, whereupon the question was raised whether it was right for the man to jew the boy, or the boy to jew the man. The discussion thus commenced in the social circle was carried into the debating society, and after the usual pros and cons, it was finally decided that the boy, being the sole and undisputed owner of the property, and the said property not being contraband of war, and no concatenation of circumstances having arisen to obstruct the right thereby vested in the original possessor of the aforesaid vehicle of information, the right was undoubtedly inherent in the adolescent merchant to determine for himself the incipient value of his goods, and to charge for the same accordingly, ad valorem duties to the contrary notwithstanding.


    1861(13th of Elul, 5621): Joseph Oterman, the Dutch born Texas financier married to Rosanna Dyer, the brother-in-law of Major Leon Dyer and the uncle of Dr. Joseph Osterman Dyer was accidently shot today and suffered wounds that would led to his death a few days later.


    1862: Philadelphian Joseph A. Davidson, who will be killed during the Battle of Fredericksburg, began serving with Company I of the 134th Regiment.


    1862: Birthdate of Auguste-Maurice Barrès, the French author and politician who could not be convinced by Leon Blum that was Dreyfus was innocence because, as he wrote in one of his anti-Semitic pamphlets, "That Dreyfus is guilty, I deduce not from the facts themselves, but from his race."[


    1870: Birthdate of Bernard Baruch financier and unofficial adviser to several U.S. Presidents.  He passed away in 1965. Born in South Carolina, Baruch's family moved to New York City.  He graduated from City College of New York.  He began working as an office boy at three dollars a week. However, by the age of 30 he amassed a fortune thanks to successful speculation in the Stock Market.  He was an adviser to President Wilson during World War I and accompanied him to the Paris Peace Conference after the war.  Thanks to shrewd financial skills, including knowing when to get out of the stock market, Baruch's wealth survived the Crash of 1929.  Baruch was a supporter of the New Deal.  He served Presidents Roosevelt and Truman.  He authored the Baruch Plan, which was an attempt to avoid nuclear war by having an international agency control Atomic Energy.  Baruch is credited by some with first using the term "Cold War" to describe the conditions that existed between the Soviets and the United States after World War II. Baruch was one of those truly colorful characters in American whose life is better described by a novelist than a historian. more like it was created by novelist than a historian.


    1870: “A Hebrew Church Schism” published today described a case that is being heard  by Judge Pinkney in the Circuit Court which centers around a dispute among the members of the Baltimore Hebrew Congregation on the corner of Lloyd and Watson streets over the introduction of changes in ritual that the plaintiffs claim were not adopted in accord with the charter of the congregation.


    1872: In Jerusalem, dedication of Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue which would serve as the Chasidic house of worship until the Arabs demolished it in 1948 that is also known the Nissan Beck Shul in honor of Nisan Beck, the leader of the Chassidic community in Palestine until his death in 1889 who was responsible for the construction of the building under extremely adverse conditions.



    1872: Three days after she had passed away, 61 year old Hannah (Marks) Somers, the widow of Isaac Somers, and mother of Miriam H. Somers, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery” today.


    1872(15th of Av, 5632): Seventy-three year old Karl Feust, the son of the Chief Rabbi of Bamberg who decided to be a lawyer, despite all of the obstacles facing a Jew in that profession,  and who also served as the secretary of the Jewish community passed away today.


    1872:“The Bells,” a “one act play that tells the story of a man named Mathias who secretly murdered a Jew 15 years ago and the consequences of his act” opened tonight at Booths Theatre in New York City.


    1874: The Grand Lodge of the ancient Jewish Order Kesher Shel Barzel met at Albany, NY, today.  Of the 5,404 members, 4,934 are men and 530 are women. During the past year, Lodge has paid $23,000 to “the heirs or legal representatives of twenty-three deceased brethren.”  The Lodge has $7,000 on hand “to pay the endowment of the next seven deaths.”


    1876: Thirty-six year old George Smith, the translator of the Epic of Gilgamesh whose study of ancient Assyrian texts “threw light” on material contained in the Bible passed away at Aleppo, Syria after having suffered from a bout of severe dysentery.


    1877:“The Polish Jews and Where They Worship described the dissatisfaction which “some of the prominent Jews of this City, of the class which is represented by the Jewish Messenger, have” expressed because of “the freedom with which certain rabbis and other Hebrews of importance with their people among the Polish Jews, and the other poorer classes of Israelites “on the lower east side “marry and divorce members of their congregations without regard to the laws of the State of New York.”


    1877: It was reported today that many Jewish immigrants from Russia and Poland do not trust the civil courts and look to their rabbis for decisions in legal matters.


    1877: It was reported that the Jews in the United States have access to 15 newspapers and magazines devote to Judaism.  One of them is printed in German while others have German departments.


    1877: It was reported that there are 15 Jewish newspapers and/or magazines published in the United States.  One of them is printed in German and “others have German departments.”


    1878: As New Orleans was in the grip of a Yellow Fever Epidemic, New York City Alderman Lewis received the following telegram from some of the prominent Jewish resident of New Orleans, LA:The following telegram from prominent Hebrew residents of New-Orleans was received today by Alderman Lewis: “Sickness, disease and suffering among the poor increasing daily.  Our funds are nearly exhausted in this sad calamity.  We deem it our melancholy duty to appeal to the sympathies of our brethren throughout the United States for speedy aid.”


    1879(30th of Av, 5639): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1879: The Commissioner of Emigration took the three Neumann brothers – Joseph,10; Ignatz,8; Max, 7 – to Justice Flammer to the Police Court in the Tombs.  He “committed them to a Hebrew charitable insitutio to be educated and cared for.”  Peter Groden of Castle Garden had found the three boys huddled together three weeks ago in Battery Park where they were trying to sleep.  They said their mother had died and they had no food and not place to go.  Groden took them to the Emigration Commissioners who found out that that the boys’ father “had abandoned them and gone to the West.” Since there were no other friends or relatives, the court system was the only other alternative.


    1879: “Mysteries of the Royal Arch” published today described he connection between the Masons and the ancient Hebrews including the fact that their initiation room “is a representation of the tabernacle erect on the old site of the Temple” built in the time of Haggai, Joshua and Zerubbabel.


    1880(12th of Elul, 5640): Fifty-nine year old Herman Bodek, businessman and Hebraist who wrote These Are the Words of Covenant, “a catechism of the ritual signs, allegories, and objects of Freemasonry” passed away today in Leipzig.


    1881: It was reported today that based on figures collected in Germany, there are 6,139,662 Jews living in the world.  Of these, over 5 million live in Europe and slightly more than 300,000 live in America.  In Europe Russia, with 2,552,594 has the most Jews and Norway with 34 has the fewest.


    1882: Two Russian Jewish girls named Mary and Hannah Rabeteck arrived in New York from Hamburg aboard the SS Cimbria.  The two girls who are aged 6 and 8 respectively, claim they have an uncle with the same last name living in the city, but do not know his first name so they will have to stay at Castle Garden for the time being.


    1882: Burglars stole $250 worth of materials from the workshop of Meyer Norden on Broome Street in New York.  Norden is Jewish and his shop is closed on Saturday which appears to be why the thieves chose today to steal the silk and velvet cloth.


    1882: “Obreight To Be Released” published today described the travails of Samuel Obreight whose family has had him confined to an asylum because he was “a lunatic” – a contention they based, in part, on “the indignation of his Jewish relatives at his marriage to a Christian woman.”


    1883: “Murderer Disappointed” published today described the failed attempt by Theodore Hoffman to escape from prison.  Hoffman is sentenced to die for murdering Zife Marks, a Jewish peddler, who worked the area around Port Chester, NY.


    1884(28th of Av, 5644): Seventy-five year old Jacob Strauss passed away.  Born in Frankort, he has lived in New Orleans for the last 50 years where he engaged in money-lending.  At the time of his death, he lived on Carondolet Street.


    1885: In Austria, Shmuel Meyer Stettner and Rachel Stettner gave birth to Nettie Stettner who became Nettie Kinsbruner when she married David (Aubie) Kinsbruner.


    1887: Gus Katz and Emanuel Sturm of Clinton, Illinois, each contributed $1.00 to the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.


    1887: A hearse sent by the United Hebrew Charities took the body of Julius Weisbaden from the morgue to the Marble Cemetery in New York where it was interred without flowers or services.


    1888(12th of Elul, 5648: Eighty-year old historian Meyer Isler who earned a doctorate and then began teaching at the school founded by his father Israel Abraham Meyer passed away today in Hamburg.


    1889: The funeral of Lewis Arnheim, a member of the Georgia State Legislature took place in Atlanta today. He is survived by his wife, the former Ida Mayer, daughter of David Mayer and two children.


    1890: Justice Duffy has ordered Samuel Cohen to be held for trial on charges of falsely representing himself at he received five dollars from Morris Beckwitz who thought he was making a contribution to the Hebrew Aid Society.


    1891: In Brussels, the International Socialist Workmen’s Congress adopted a resolution “condemning both anti-Semitism and Jewish financial tyranny.”


    1891: “Goldwin Smith and the Tribal God of the Jews” published today included J.S. Moore’s expression of dissatisfaction with Goldwin Smith’s contention that the Jews only worship a tribal God and “that there is no hope for the Jews as to their social position as long as they adhere to this tribal God.’ (Smith was a British born anti-Semitic Canadian history professor)


    1892: A hearing will be held today in response to a complaint filed by Meyer Reinherz an agent of the United Hebrew Charities against Edward Pollock who allegedly attacked him.


    1892: Leonard Stiebel, the son of Ada and Daniel C. Stiebel was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”


    1893: Throughout the Lower East Side, an area occupied by Russian and Polish Jewish thousands of circulars printed in Hebrew calling on “Workingmen!!  Organized and Not Organized!  All Suffering and Wretched Ones!” to bring their wives and children to attend a mass meeting at Union Square to be held this evening.


    1893: Charles Wilfred, a self-described “anarchist-communist” who had worked with Jewish tailors during their strike in London addressed a meeting at Thalia Hall which was held to celebrate the release of Emma Goldman from Blackwell’s Island.


    1894: One day after he had passed away, 21 year old Edward Jacobs, the son of Solomon Jacobs and Sarah Cohen was buried today at the West Ham Jewish Cemtery.


    1894: In Newburgh, NY, founding of the Newburgh Progress Club which met every Sunday and for which Sigismund Samuels served as President.


    1895: Birthdate of “Forestville, CT” native labor organizer Vera Buch Weisbord, whose autobiography A Radical Life was published in 1977, the same year when her radical husband Albert passed away.



    1895: Eleven year old Sarah Russell, who had appeared in the Court of Sessions on three charges of pickpocketing, was sent to the Hebrew Juvenile Asylum because she “was not properly cared for at home” and could “receive proper training”


    1896: It was reported today that the bands of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Orphan Asylum will perform at The Summernight’s Festival


    1897: Julies Harburger and Raphael Rosenberg of the Independent Order Free Sons of Israel have expressed their support for New York Mayor William Strong to become the first mayor “Greater New York” (what we call New York City).


    1897: Birthdate of Roman Vishniac, the Russian born American photographer his many accomplishments included creating a pictorial record of the Shtetl life.




    1897: One day after she had passed away 42 year old Sarah Bieberkraut, the wife of Abraham Bieberkraut, was buried today at the Plashet Cemetery in London.


    1897: “Charity Funds Squandered” published today described a letter that “J.S. Koenigsberg, the Secretary of the Jewish Society of Denver” received from Edwin W. Wallace the American Consul at Jerusalem  claiming that funds sent for indigent American Jews who have moved to Palestine “to spend their last days”  are being “squandered by the native Jews who live in luxury.”


    1897: Two days after she passed away, 34 year old Annie Landau was buried at the Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.


    1899: “Picquart Gives His Evidence” published today described the five hours of the Colonel’s testimony in which he proved details of the plots against Dreyfus and confronts Generals Roget and Mercier.


    1899: Joseph Weiler conducted an action today that raised over $200 to aid the Hebrew Sanitarium of Rockaway, New York.


    1899: In Rennes, three witnesses, all “enemies of Dreyfus – Major Cuignet, Gener de Bolsdeffre and General Gonse –“testified from 6:30 until 11 A.M.  Their testimony was mainly a reiteration of the evidence they had given before.”


    1900:Abe, The Little Hebrew" Attell’s fought his first fight today. He knocked out Kid Lennett in two rounds. His mother, who strongly opposed Attell's idea of being a boxer, later became one of Attell's staunchest supporters, even betting on her son to win. He gained the nickname "The Little Hebrew" in these early fights.


    1902(16th of Av, 5662): Sixty-one year old Abraham Mendes Chumaceiro, the native of Amsterdam who “moved to Curaçao in 1856, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1872” passed away today.


    1903: Today Jacob de Haas and his fellow Zionists were traveling on train from Paris that would take them straight to Basle.


    1905(18th of Av, 5665): Parsashat Eikev


    1905(18th of Av, 5665): Eighty year old German born French Orientalist and Astrologist Jules Oppert whose accomplishments included making the first definitive identification of the “site of ancient Babylon” while on expedition to Mesopotamia in 1851.



    1906: The newly formed Hebrew Congregation of Cuba changed its name to the United Hebrew Congregation (UHC) of Cuba, and Robert Diamond was elected treasurer. The pressing need for a Jewish cemetery was unfortunately highlighted a month later when Diamond passed away suddenly. Joseph Steinberg was appointed the new treasurer.


    1910: In Asia Minor, Ritual murder charges were raised against Jews in Aiden.


    1911(25th of Av, 5671): Parashat Re’eh


    1911:Anti-Jewish riots began in Tredegar, New South Wales, Great Britain.  This was the worst outbreak of anti-Semitic violence to take place in the British Isles in modern times.  The riots came at the end of miners’ strike and were so intense that the Home Secretary invoked the Riot Act and called for the military to control the attackers.


    1911: It was reported today that Justice Leon Sanders is the head of “a union of Jewish immigrant aid societies in the United States and Canada which has been formed” in New York City.


    1914: At the beginning of WW I Albert Einstein, the recently appointed director of the Institute of Physics writes from Berlin, “Europe, in her insanity, has started something almost unbelievable.  In such times one realizes to what a sad species of animal one belongs. I quietly pursue my peaceful studies and contemplations and feel only pit and disgust.


    1914: Birthdate of Rose Heilbron who became the first woman judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London.


    1915: Practically everybody attending the meeting at Cooper Union tonight voted “in favor of the resolution for” “holding a Jewish Congress” that would unite Jews in an effort to abolish Jewish disabilities in Russia and to establish “a Zionist State in Palestine at the close of the war.”


    1915: The Imperial German Chancellor delivered a speech before the Reichstag today in which he described the Russian scorched earth policy in which for once Christians and Jews suffer the same fate as all Russians “are transported to uninhabited regions to the East” or left to “perish in the morasses of Russian roads.”(Editor’s Note – The Germans liked to portray themselves as protectors of Western civilization in the face of the Slavic masses, but as far as the Jews were concerned, in Poland, a year later they were faced with a level of starvation that forced them to seek aid for soup kitchens from Jews in Switzerland and the United States)


    1915: Three days after he had passed away, Isaac Levy was buried at the Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.


    1915: It was reported today that when the leader of the lynch mob asked Leo Frank, “We want to know whether you are guilty or innocent of killing little Mary Phagan,” Frank replied “I think more of my wife and my mother than I do of my own life.”  These were the last words he spoke.


    1915: It was reported today that after the mob agreed not to mutilate the body of Leo Frank, they cut him down and then vied to get pieces of the rope for souvenirs.


    1916: “The Joint Distribution Committee of the Funds for Jewish War Sufferers which is made up of representatives from the American, the Central and the People’s Relief Committees, the three largest organizations for distributing America’s contribution to Jewish relief announced today that between January 20 and August 15, it had sent $3,891,613” overseas which did not include the $342,359.71in remittances that the committee’s Transmission Bureau had sent to friends and relatives living in the War Zone or Palestine.


    1916: “Motion Picture Publicity Men Organize” published today described the founding of the Association of Motion Pictures whose original members included Frohman Amusement Company, Paramount Pictures,  Adolph Zukor’s  Famous Players Film Company and Ben Schulberg.


    1917(1st of Elul, 5677): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1917: In London, “the Zion Association” adopted a resolution expressing disapproval of the formation of a Jewish Legion because of the “harmful effects” such a move could have on the interest of the Jews in Turkey and Palestine.


    1917: Seventy-five year oldEdward Thomas O’Dwyer, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Limerick, who after meeting with a delegation led by Saul Goldberg, denounced the anti-Semitic pogrom in that Irish city – a denunciation which had little effect since  Fr John Creagh CSSR, spiritual director of the Arch Confraternity of the Sacred Heart, the leader of the anti-Semitic riots was beyond his ecclesiastical control passed away today.


     


    1917: The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War acknowledged receiving gifts of $100 or more including $380 from Congregation B.I.A.S. in Brooklyn, $1,153 from the Young Peoples Hebrew Association in Windsor, Ontario and $115 from Ohave Emnuna in Cleveland, Ohio.


    1918: Birthdate of Sy Gomberg, an Oscar-nominated film screenwriter and producer who taught screenwriting to University of Southern California students for over ten years.


    1918: “Famous Advocate Slain in Russia” published today described the recent assassination Henry Sliosberg, the jurist and leader of the Jewish community who was an opponent of the Bolsheviks. (Editor’s note – Only problem was that this report was erroneous and Slisoberg would not pass away until 1937.)


    1918: Approximately 150 service men are in training to take part in “Yip, Yip, Haphank,” a musical revue written by Sergeant Irving Berlin that is scheduled to begin a week long run in New York City today the proceeds of which will be used “for the erection of a community house at Camp Uptown.


    1919: According to summary of the bequests of the late Ludwig Dreyfus the United Hebrew Charities will receive $627,000 and the Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies will receive $210,000.


    1919: Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom. Jews have lived in what is now known as Afghanistan for more than two thousand years before the last family fled while the Taliban held sway in Kabul.


    1920: In Manhattan Louis and Martha Peskin Wershba gave birth to “Joseph Wershba, who as a CBS television reporter working with Edward R. Murrow revealed the story of Lt. Milo Radulovich, whose dismissal from the Air Force because of his relatives’ leftist leanings became a symbol of the anti-Communist witch hunts of the 1950’s.”  (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)


    1921(15th of Av, 5681): Tu B’Av


    1921: Birthdate of Gene Rodenberry, the creator of sci-fi cult his “Star Trek” staring those two Jewish spacemen – William Shatner as Captain James T. Kirk and Leonard Nimoy as Mr. Spock.


    1924: Today, Moe “Berg was loaned to the Toledo Mud Hens, a poor team ravaged by injuries after which he  was immediately inserted into the lineup at shortstop which led Major league scout Mike González sending a telegram to the Dodgers evaluating Berg with the curt, but now famous, line, "Good field, no hit."


    1925: In Cracow, Hirsch and Mita (Rosenbaum) Karmel to Ilona Karmel, the Holocaust survivor who wrote Stephania and An Estate of Memory


    1926:  Birthdate of businessman Arthur Rock, the man who supposedly coined the term “venture capitalism.”


    1926(1st of Elul, 5686): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1926(1st of Elul, 5686): Harris Abelow, the son of Sholom and Rachel Bayle Davidson Abelow, who married Sophie Abelow a year after his first wife Hannah had died passed away today in Brooklyn


    1928: The conference of the Mizrachi World Organization is scheduled to open in Danzig (As reported by JTA)


    1929: Following attacks by Arabs on Jews praying at the Western Wall Erev Shabbat and other attacks on Jews in Jerusalem, a meeting was held last night at the home of Professor Joseph Klausner, the chairman of the Pro-Wailing Wall Committee.  The committee decided to issue an appeal to the Christian world describing the attacks and asking for intervention on behalf of the Jews.  “We ask to be given back what has always been ours, that which saturated with the blood and tears of hundred and thousands of the children of Israel.  Christians throughout the world, you know and realize the meaning of religious sanctity, you who know how to respect century-old traditions and painful longing for sacred religious shrines, please intervene and help us recover the Western Wall, so sacred and holy to us.”


    1933: In Toronto, Mayor Stewart forbids display of swastika in the city.


    1933: In Santiago, Zionist-Socialist party is organized in connection with the campaign for Labor Palestine that has raised 15,000 pesos.


    1933: The Jiidische Rundschau, official organ of the German Zionist Federation, is suspended for six months because it replied editorially to an attack on the Zionist Congress by Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi leader.


    1934: A plebiscite in Germany approved the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler as Fuhrer.


    1934: Congressman Henry Thomas Rainey who in 1906 attended a mass meeting held to protest the “atrocities in Russia” and told the audience that the Romanoffs “are inflaming the populace against the helpless Jews – and already the blood of 100,000 Jews cries out for vengeance” passed away today while serving as the 40th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. (Editor’s note – we should always remember those who had the courage to stand with the underground for that is the real “Profile in Courage.;)


    1935: More than 2,400 delegates from forty-three countries had registered here tonight for the opening of the nineteenth biennial Zionist Congress being held in Lucerne, Switzerland.


    1936(1st of Elul, 5695): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1936(1st of Elul, 5695): Three days after the end of the Olympics, forty year old Captain Wolfgang Fürstner who was identified as “one of the last non-Aryan officers to retain his rank in the new German Army” committed suicide today after he “had learned that according to the Nuremberg Laws he was classified as a Jew and was to be dismissed from the Wehrmacht.


    1937: “Confession” directed by Joe May with a script by Julius J. Epstein was released in the United States today by Warner Brothers.


    1937: The British government recommended to the Permanent Mandates Commission of the League of Nations that if the Royal (Peel) partition plan is accepted, a provisional cantonization of Palestine should be imposed during the transitional period, immediately after the termination of the Mandate. If such an arrangement would not be possible, an alternative was suggested, namely that two separate Mandates should be held, one for the Jewish, and one for the Arab state.


    1938: Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, announced today that Great Britain has issued 825 certificates for the immediate transfer to Palestine of Jewish children from Germany and Poland.


    1938: “In Strasbourg, France, fifty-one year old Polish born shoe manufacturer” and 27 year old Friederike "Fritzi" Passweg gave birth to Joseph Langerman who gained fame as “off the wall radio personality” Joe Frank.  (As reported by Richard Sandomir)



    1938: Switzerland closes its borders to Jews fleeing Nazi persecution in Austria.


    1938: The Swiss Federal Council ordered the closing of their border to refugees from the Third Reich, constituting a death sentence for many Jews. (Editor’s Note - But not all Swiss officials obeyed the ruling. Swiss Police Commander Paul Grüninger—known by many as the “Oscar Schindler of the Swiss-German border region”—used bureaucratic loopholes to allow more than 3,000 Austrian Jews to enter the country. This drama, based on the true story, unfolds like a suspense thriller as we witness the war of wits between the commander and his superiors in the police force of officially neutral Switzerland. It’s almost impossible to watch The Grüninger File and not think about the difficult moral questions around today’s refugee asylum seekers.)


    1939: As Stalin seeks to improve relations with Hitler, “the 1939 German-Soviet Commercial Agreement” was signed today – an agreement that would move  the two one step closer to the non-aggression pact that would provide the Nazis with their green light for WW II and give the Communist dictator half of Poland.


    1939:In an impassioned speech frequently interrupted by hecklers, Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver of Cleveland, Ohio, appealed today to the delegates attending the twenty-first session of the World Zionist Congress here to do nothing that might bring the Jews in Palestine into conflict with the British Government.


    1940(15th of Av, 5700): Tu B’Av


    1940(15th of Av, 5700): Thirty-one year old Henry H. Fleisher, Jr. passed away today after which he was interred at Mt. Sinai Cemetery in Philadelphia.


    1940: Malvina Parnes, age 11, saw the Statue of Liberty from the deck of the Quanza, a Portuguese cargo ship.  Parnes and her family were fleeing from Hitler’s Europe and were allowed entry into the United States thanks to the personal intervention of Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of the President of the United States.


    1941: Einsatzkommando 8 as well as local collaborators in Mogilev, Belorussia, kill more than 3000 Jews.


    1942: An allied force crosses the English Channel in what came to be known as the Dieppe Raid. One thousand troops, mostly Canadian perished in this ill-begotten venture.  It proved to the English and the Americans that a cross-channel invasion of Europe was going to be a very difficult task that would take massive amounts of man and supplies.  More importantly for the Jews of Europe whose only hope of survival lay in liberation, such a landing would be at least a year if not more in the making.  In fact almost two years would pass between the disaster at Dieppe and the success at Normandy.  Unfortunately for most of the Jews of Europe this necessary two year hiatus meant death on an unheard of scale.


    1942: Nazis murder the children of the Rembertów (Poland) Ghetto. The town's adult Jews, more than 1000, are assembled for deportation to the Treblinka death camp. About 300 of the people are ordered eastward along the road to Wesola. Before they walk a mile, the 300 are murdered. The 700 who remain are ordered to march south, and as the group passes the town of Anin, one woman melts into a crowd of non-Jewish Polish onlookers and escapes. Forty-five others are machine-gunned at Anin, ostensibly because they attempted escape. Hours later the marchers reach the ghetto at Falenica, where Jews already have been forcibly assembled; those who are discovered in hiding are shot. Inside the ghetto, two Jews resist, using an axe to kill the first German who steps through the doors of their apartment.


    1942 At the Belzec extermination camp, 700 to 800 Jews herded into a gas chamber wait in torment for nearly three hours until a balky diesel engine can be started and the chamber filled with deadly exhaust. SS gas/disinfectant expert but anti-Nazi Kurt Gerstein is on hand to observe


    1942: For four days 17,000 Jews from Lutsk, Ukraine, are taken to Polanka Hill and executed.


    1942: Esther "Etty" Hillesum went to visit her parents at Deventer for the last time.


    1942: “The first large-scale aktion in the Łuck Ghetto took place today” when “about 17,000 Jews were rounded up by Nazi Orpo police and the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police during a four-day period, assembled at the square by the pharmacy, and taken in lorries along with women and children, to the Górka Połonka forest on the outskirts of Łuck” where] “they were shot into the prepared trenches.”


    1942: In Bar, Ukraine, 3,000 Jews were herded together and held without food or water while in a nearby cemetery the Nazis murdered 1,742 Jews. (Jewish Virtual Library)


    1942: Fourteen year old Shmuel Shilo, the future Israeli actor, survived today’s action that liquidated the Łuck, Ghetto by hiding “in a cellar with mother and siblings.”


    1942: Today, “the remaining 43 Jews” living in Laupheim were transported to Theresienstadt, marking the end of 200 years of Jewish habitation in this German town.


    1943: The Treblinka death camp receives its final trainload of Jewish deportees. They come from Bialystok, Poland.


    1943: Nir Am “was established today by immigrants from Bessarabia who were members of the Gordonia youth movement.


    1944: The Liberation of Paris begins as the Resistance in Paris rises against German occupation with the help of Allied troops. The long nightmare for the Jews of France is about to end.  Jews played an active part in the Resistance.  Contrary to the popular myth, a significant portion of the French population collaborated with the Nazis and the Vichy French worked tirelessly to ship French Jews to the death camps.


    1944: Birthdate of Mordechai "Motaleh" Spiegler, the native of Scohi, in the former Soviet Union who became a leading “Israeli footballer and manager.”


    1951: A four year agricultural development plan costing $610,000,000 and designed to feed an Israeli population of 2,000,000 was introduced to the World Zionist Congress today by Levi Eshkol, treasurer of Jewish Agency Executive, Israel...


    1952: The Knesset voted by 70 to 11 for an increase in the period of compulsory military service to 30 months.


    1952: The S.S. Negba brought 112 immigrants from Hungary and 222 from North Africa to Israel. According to the new arrivals there were some 100,000 Jews left in Hungary, 80 percent of them in Budapest.


    1952: Officials in Washington agreed with Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion that the solution of Arab-Jewish difficulties would be of great economic benefit to both sides and certainly help toward strengthening peace in the world. The US State Department had made it clear in numerous background announcements that it did not believe the Arabs could be returned to their former homes in Israel. It felt, however, that some compensation ­ although not complete ­ for the dispossessed might considerably ease the tension.


    1953: The Knesset passed a law establishing the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority known as Yad Vashem (a monument and a memorial) which takes it name from a verse from Isaiah


    1953: Israel's parliament conferred Israeli citizenship posthumously on all Jews killed by the Nazis during the years of the Holocaust (1933-45) in Europe.


    1953: An Arab terrorist from Gaza killed a restaurant owner in Ashkelon severely injured his 25 year old daughter.


    1954: Today, a press release announced that WNBC would be broadcasting the first radio performance of Maria del Carmen (Granados) and Concerto for Trombone and Orchestra by Nathaniel Shilkret,


    1955:  Birthdate of actor Peter Gallagher.”


    1955:  “Female on the Beach” a crime film directed by Joseph Pevney and starring Jeff Chandler was released in the United States today.


    1956:  In Brooklyn, “actor, director and writer Alan Arkin and his first wife Jeremy Yaffe gave birth to Adam Arkin who has been honored with Tony nominations and Emmy awards for his work as any actor and director.


    1957(22nd of Av, 5717):  English born artist David Bomberg passed away.


    1959(15th of Av, 5719): Tu B’Av


    1959(15th of Av, 5719): Seventy-eight year old Jacob Epstein an American-born sculptor who worked chiefly in England, where he pioneered modern sculpture, often producing controversial works that challenged taboos concerning what public artworks appropriately depict passed away today.




    1960: As the U.S. Presidential elections get underway an announcement is made that Senator John F. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee for President will address the upcoming sixty-third annual convention of The Zionist Organization of America.


    1960(26th of Av, 5720):Seventy two year old Sir Lewis Bernstein Namier an English historian passed away. http://www.history.ac.uk/makinghistory/historians/namier_lewis.html



     


    1962: Birthdate of Julius Genachowski “an American lawyer and businessman” who became Federal Communications Commission Chairman during the first year of Obama’s presidency.


    1963: “Syrian forces murdered two civilians in Almagor,” a moshav north of the Lake Kinneret.


    1964: In Boston, MA, “Leo Kahn, co-founder of Staples” and Dorothy Davidson gave birth to Harvard graduate Joseph Kahn, “the managing editor of The New York Times.”


    1965(21st of Av, 5725): Seventy-seven year old Austrian born “Rabbi Ezekiel Landau, the spiritual director of the United Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society who came to the United States and was the husband of “the former Helen Greenberg with whom he had three children – Mrs. Lotti Glover, Rabbi Sol Landau and Brooklyn Philharmonia music director Siegfried Landau – passed away today.



    1965: Rolf Friedemann Pauls began serving as the first German (W. Germany) Ambassador to Israel.


    1967(13th of Av, 5727): Shabbat Nachamu


    1967(13th of Av, 5727) Eighty-three year old Luxembourg City native Hugo Gernsbach the son “Berta (Durlacher), a housewife and Mortiz Gernsbacher, a wine maker”  “an inventor, author, editor and publisher who has been called the father of modern science fiction passed away today.




    1967(13th of Av, 5727): Sixty year old Isaac Deutscher the Galician born Marxist historian who spent most of his life pursuing his career in Great Britain and not in any Communist country and who referred to himself as a “non-Jewish Jew” passed away today.




    1969: The hippie happening called Woodstock that was held on the farm owned by Jewish dairyman Max B. Yasgur, came to an end.  [Among the youthful attendees were a Jewish doctor now living in Texas and a Jewish dentist in Arkansas whose name will not divulged as mark of respect for their positions in their respective communities.]


    1975:Hadassah announces that it will increase its youth centers in Israel to integrate Jewish children of Middle Eastern and African backgrounds who pose serious social and educational problems in the Jewish state


    1975: Jacob Austin began serving as a Senator from British Columbia.


    1976: “Israel said today that it would ignore the demand by President Idi Amin of Uganda for compensation for the Israeli raid on Entebbe airport last month.”


    1977(5th of Elul, 5737):  Eighty-six year old comedian Groucho Marx passed away.  When told that he had been rejected for member ship in a club because he was Jewish, Marx replied,“I don't care to belong to a club that accepts people like me as members.”




    1978: Seventy-eight year old archeologist Max Mallowan who worked several sites in Mesopotamia including Ur, reputed to be the Biblical home of Abraham passed away today.



    1979: Andrew Young, who resigned last week as chief United States delegate to the United Nations, “characterized as ‘kind of foolish’ the United States policy of shunning contacts with the Palestine Liberation Organization…”  While being interviewed on Face the Nation, “Young called the Government of Israel ‘stubborn and intransigent’ for their policy concerning negotiations with the PLO.


    1980(7th of Elul, 5740): Otto Heinrich Frank passed away.  Born in 1889, he gained fame as the father of Anne Frank.


    1988(6th of Elul, 5748): Sixty-one year old Sir John Boris Roderick Hazan, the “son of an engineer from Russia” and mother from Poland whose legal career began in 1948 when he was called to the Bar by Lincoln’s Inn and reached its pinnacle when he was appointed to the High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division passed away today.


    1990:  Leonard Bernstein conducted his final concert, the Koussevitzky Memorial concert at Tanglewood. The performance included Britten's Three Sea Interludes, LB's Arias & Barcarolles (Carl St. Clair, conductor) and Beethoven's Symphony No. 7.


    1991: Around 8:00 p.m. this evening, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the international leader and Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch movement was returning to his home in Crown Heights, Brooklyn after a visit to the Old Montefiore Cemetery in adjacent Queens when there was a fatal accident that resulted in the death of seven-year-old Gavin Cato, the son of Guyanese immigrants. Charles Price and other demagogues harangued the angry crowd touching off several days of what can only be described as a race riot.


    1991(9th of Elul, 5751): Three hours after seven year old Gavin Cato was killed in automobile accident involving vehicles driven by Lubavitch Chasidim, Yankel Rosenbaum--a 29-year-old Jewish student from Australia--was killed by a group consisting mostly of neighborhood youth, in what would be interpreted as a retaliatory slaying wrapped in the robes of anti-Semitism.


    1991: During the “August Coup,” Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Crimea. The coup failed and hastened the collapse of the Soviet Union.  The collapse of the Soviet Union led to a wave of immigration to Israel.  It also made possible the re-vitalization of Jewish Communities throughout most of the republics that had made up the Communist Empire.


    1993(2nd of Elul, 5753): Sixty-one year old architect Norman Jaffe passed away today.




    1995(23rd of Av, 5755): Seventy year old Danny Arnold, born Arnold Rothman, the actor turned creator of sitcoms passed away today.



    2000(18th of Av, 5760): Parashat Eikev


    2000(18th of Av, 5760): Eighty-seven year old Lee Tabor Shalom, the native of Paris, Illinois, who directed more than 1300 shows “including both features and TV episodes” during a 40 year career passed away today in Los Angeles.


    2001(30th of Av, 5761): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    2001: Israeli premiere of “The Switch” co-starring Jeff Goldblum with a script by Allan Loeb.


    2001: The New York Times book section featured reviews of The Darkness and the Light by Jewish poet Anthony Hecht and How Charles Shavers Died And Other Poems by Jewish poet Harvey Shapiro


    2001: In “City Lore; The Little Red Summer Camp,” published today, Ivy Meeropol reminisces about her summers at Kinderland a camp that  was founded in 1923 by secular Jews active in the New York City trade union movement, most of whom were Communists or socialists.  


    2001: “U.S. Senator Lieberman's office was advised that the Hiram Bingham IV stamp was (again) "on the agenda" of the Citizen's Stamp Advisory Committee.”


    2002(11th of Elul, 5762): Eighty-five year old philosopher and author Irving Marmer passed away today




    2003(21st of Av, 5763): Twenty-three people, including two small children and two infants, were murdered and 134 wounded when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated himself on a #2 Egged bus in Jerusalem’s Shmuel Hanavi neighborhood. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack. The victims: Avraham Bar-Or, 12, of Jerusalem; Binyamin Bergman, 15, of Jerusalem; Yaakov Binder, 50, of Jerusalem; Feiga Dushinski, 50, of Jerusalem; Miriam Eisenstein, 20, of Bnei Brak; Lilach Kardi, 22, of Jerusalem; Menachem Leibel, 24, of Jerusalem; Elisheva Meshulami, 16, of Bnei Brak; Tehilla Nathanson, 3, of Zichron Ya’acov; Chava Nechama Rechnitzer, 19, of Bnei Brak; Mordechai Reinitz, 49, and Issachar Reinitz, 9, of Netanya; Maria Antonia Reslas, 39, of the Philippines; Liba Schwartz, 54, of Jerusalem; Hanoch Segal, 65, of Bnei Brak; Goldie Taubenfeld, 43, and Shmuel Taubenfeld, 3 months, of New Square, New York; Rabbi Eliezer Weisfish, 42, of Jerusalem; Shmuel Wilner, 50, of Jerusalem; Shmuel Zargari, 11 months, of Jerusalem. Fruma Rahel Weitz, 73, of Jerusalem died of her wounds on August 23; Mordechai Laufer, 27, died of his on September 5; and Tova Lev, 37, died on September 12.(As reported by TIP – The Israeli Project)


    2005(14th of Av, 5765): Eighty-seven year old Dutch comedian Abraham ('Appie') Bueno de Mesquita passed away.  Born in 1918, he escaped Auschwitz when he was chosen to play the cello by the Nazi camp commander in Mechelen, Belgium.  This episode provided the title for his autobiography; Cello met één snaar (Cello with one string).


    2005(14th of Av, 5765): David Sky, owner of the Rabbi L. Sky Bookstore passed away.  The store was started by his father in Newark in 1904 and was one of the "pioneering Judaica stores in the US where" Jewish New Year’s cards were sold for the first time.  The store moved to Maplewood in 1970.  His widow sold the store in 2008.


    2005: Pope Benedict XVI, who was drafted into the German Army during World War II, visited a synagogue in Cologne on Friday that had been destroyed by the Nazis and warned of a growing anti-Semitism that he called a "reason for concern and vigilance."[What follows is a detailed description of this historic event]


     


    "Today, sadly, we are witnessing the rise of new signs of anti-Semitism and various forms of a general hostility toward foreigners," the pope said in a reverent hour-long visit to the Cologne synagogue on his first trip abroad. "The Catholic Church is committed - and I affirm this again today - to tolerance, respect, friendship and peace between all peoples, cultures and religions."


    The visit - punctuated by the ancient call of the Shofar, the ram's horn - was freighted with history, with a German who had taken part unwillingly in the Hitler Youth as a boy becoming only the second pope to visit a synagogue. Unlike his predecessor, John Paul II, who often spoke of his own life in Poland during World War II, Benedict did not mention his own experiences during the war, sticking mostly to his prepared text with a notable exception: He inserted the word "love" in a sentence whose text on paper said Jews and Catholics "need to show respect for each other."


    But he was greeted with great warmth by 500 people in the synagogue, which was destroyed during the Kristallnacht pogrom in 1938, after which 11,000 Jews who lived here were killed. It was rebuilt in 1959, and Jews in Cologne now number 5,000. "If someone told me 45 years ago, 'You are going to be in Cologne, and the pope will visit you in a synagogue,' I wouldn't have believed it," Paul Spiegel, the leader of Germany's Jews, told reporters later. "We have come a long way in mutual support and in mutual understanding and, as the pope said, in mutual love."


    Mr. Spiegel called the visit "truly historic," words echoed by the pope's spokesman, Joaquín Navarro-Valls, who said Benedict himself had asked for the meeting. He said it was "an event of historic significance: a German pope, who was on his first official trip, himself took the initiative for the visit." The visit was an interreligious detour on Benedict's four-day visit here as part of the 20th World Youth Day, which has attracted hundreds of thousands of young Catholics from around the world. Benedict, 78, who has pledged to make understanding between religions a centerpiece of his papacy, is also scheduled to visit Muslim leaders in Cologne on Sunday.


    Germany is the home to 3.5 million Muslims, most of them Turkish, and since the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, and again after the bombings in London last month, many European Muslims say they are being eyed with increasing suspicion. Although Benedict spoke of "hostility" toward foreigners, he did not elaborate. In his speech at the synagogue, he noted the long history of Jews in Cologne, who have lived here since Roman times. The synagogue is the oldest north of the Alps. He said that while Jews and Christians had at times lived together peacefully, he noted the expulsion of Jews from Cologne in 1424. "And in the 20th century, in the darkest period of German and European history, an insane racist ideology, born of neo-paganism, gave rise to the attempt, planned and systematically carried out by the regime, to exterminate European Jewry," he said. He then spoke of the efforts of John Paul to rebuild relations between Catholics and Jews, many of whom have accused the church of inaction during World War II. Among other steps, John Paul became the first pope to visit a synagogue, in Rome in 1986. Partly quoting John Paul, Benedict said, "The terrible events of that time must 'never cease to rouse consciences, to resolve conflicts, to inspire the building of peace.'"And while he said relations had improved much in recent years, he added: "Much still remains to be done. We must come to know one another much more and much better." He called for a "sincere and trustful" dialogue between Catholics and Jews. One issue of contention between Jews and Catholics rose during the visit: Abraham Lehrer, president of the Cologne congregation, said it would be "a good thing" for the Vatican to open up all its archives from World War II. The Vatican has opened the archives until the year 1939, but many Jewish groups would like to explore the records relating to Pope Pius XII, accused of remaining silent during the Holocaust. There was no mention on either side of a bitter diplomatic spat between Israel and the Vatican: last month, after the London bombings, Israel accused Benedict of deliberately omitting a mention of a suicide bombing against Israelis in a list of terror attacks that the pope had recounted in a sermon. The Vatican fired back, calling some of Israel's retaliatory attacks against Palestinians contrary to international law. Mr. Spiegel said he felt that the problem was a diplomatic one, not important to talk about during the visit.


    "This is an issue that has to be settled between the state of Israel and the Vatican," he told reporters at a news conference. Mr. Navarro-Valls, the pope's spokesman, added at the same news conference that the "issue has been settled, more or less."


    2005: Former Russian billionaire and oligarch Mikhail Khodorkovsky announced that he was on a hunger strike in protest at his friend and associate Platon Lebedev's placement in the punishment cell of the jail. According to Khodorkovsky, Lebedev had Diabetes mellitus and heart conditions, and keeping him in the punishment cell would be equivalent to murder


    2005: During the evacuation of Israelis from Gaza, the Manchester Guardian reported today “that some settlers had their children leave their homes with their hands up, or wearing a Star of David badge, to associate the actions of Israel with Nazi Germany and the Holocaust.”


    2005: “A Note of Triumph: The Golden Age of Norman Corwin” “a documentary short subject about writer Norman Corwin” was released in the United States today.


    2005: “Honoring a ‘Righteous Gentile’: Hiram Bingham IV Commemorative Stamp Planned for Next Year” published today described next year’s honoring of the late Hiram Bingham IV with the issuance of commemorative stamp by the U.S. Postal Service as a celebration of the humanitarian efforts of a so-called righteous gentile who was personally responsible for saving the lives of thousands of Jews during World War II as well as the celebration of an American diplomat who defied U.S. State Department policy in order to do so. (As reported by David Brensilver)


    2005: In “Vikings’ Owner Makes a Name for Himself” published today Pat Borzi provides a sketch of NFL owner Zygmunt Wilf, whose parents survived the Holocaust.



    2005: “Wordplay,” an exhibition assembled by curator Tamar Cohen came to a close at the Julie Saul Gallery today.


    2006(25th of Av, 5766): Twenty-one year old Staff Sgt. Ro’I Farjoun was killed when terrorists from the Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades attacked a checkpoint he was manning for the IDF.


    2006(25th of Av, 5766): Lt. Col. Emanuel A. Moreno of Moshav Tlamim was killed in a daring commando raid designed to stop the shipment of weapons from Syria into Lebanon for use by Hezbollah.  Moreno is survived by his wife Maya, their three children, his parents and three brothers. 


    2007: A retrospective of the works of Frida Kahlo which had been mounted to celebrate the centenary of her birth comes to a close at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City.


    2007: The Sunday Washington Post book section reviewed Amy Bloom’s new novel Away, featuring Lillian Leyb a desperate young Jewish woman, fresh off the boat who has fled the pogroms of Russia, trying to make her way in New York during the mid-1920s and Jews and Power by Ruth R. Wisse the eighth title in a lively and distinguished series, "Jewish Encounters," that has taken a fresh look at such diverse figures in Jewish history as King David, the 12th-century rabbi and physician Maimonides, the 17th-century philosopher Baruch Spinoza and the U.S. boxer and World War II hero Barney Ross.


    2007: The Sunday New York Times book section reviewed The Prince of Darkness by Robert D. Novak, the Washington columnist who was raised Jewish but converted to Catholicism in 1998, Off the Record by Norman Pearlstine and UMby Michael Erard author of “The Geek Guide to Kosher Machines.”


    2008: In Little Rock, AR at the Chabad House, third and final session of From Ruins to Glory, a course of study based on a virtual tour of the Holy Temple.


    2008: President Obama appointed Dan Shaprio as Senior Policy Advisor and Jewish Outreach Coordinator.


    2008(19thof Av, 5768): Ninety-one year old Leo Abse, the longtime serving Welsh MP who was the son “Rudolf Abse, a Jewish solicitor and cinema owner” from Cardiff passed away today.




    2008(19th of Av, 5768): Binyamin Gibli, a sabra born a Petah Tikva in 1919 who served as head of Israeli Military Intelligence passed away.



    2008:US Airways announced today plans to operate nonstop service between its Philadelphia hub and Tel Aviv, Israel, as the carrier moves to expand its international service.


    2008: The series “Modern Marvels: Jewish Adventures in the Graphic Novel” explores The Rabbi’s Catby Joan Sfaar “After eating a parrot, an aged Algerian rabbi's cat develops the ability to speak and quickly declares his desire not only to be Jewish, but to have a bar mitzvah. The rabbi engages his pet in a spiraling debate, touching on topics such as spelling, parental love, and the very nature of Jewish identity.” This series explores Jewish literature and culture through scholar-led discussions of contemporary and classic books on the theme of "Modern Marvels: Jewish Adventures in the Graphic Novel." The program is the result of a grant to the University of Minnesota - Twin Cities Libraries, which is partnering with The Friends of the Saint Paul Public Library. Local support is provided by the Center for Jewish Studies at the University of Minnesota. Let's Talk About It: Jewish Literature, a reading and discussion series has been made possible through a grant from Nextbook and the American Library Association.


    2009: Amy Schapiro reads from and discusses Millicent Fenwick: Her Way, her biography of the late New Jersey congresswoman, as part of the United States Capitol Historical Society's "August Brown Bag Lecture Series" at the VFW Building.


    2009: Knesset speaker Reuven Rivlin is scheduled to convene a special session of the Knesset House Committee to address the recent wave of violence in Israel. Police, government officials and other law enforcement officials are scheduled to attend.


    2009(29th of Av, 5769): Eighty-six year old Don Hewitt, the creator of “60 Minutes” passed away today. (As reported by Jacques Steinberg)



     


     “60 Minutes” creator Don Hewitt, 86, who transformed television journalism by showing that news programs could generate money, and who helped make TV an essential part of politics when he produced and directed the first televised debate between U.S. presidential candidates, died today at his home in Bridgehampton, N.Y. He had pancreatic cancer. Mr. Hewitt’s father was a Jewish immigrant from Russia while his mother was a Jewish immigrant from Germany. The 1960 televised debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon was watched by 70 million Americans. It proved a turning point in the presidential race, in large part because an ailing Nixon rejected Mr. Hewitt's advice to use professional makeup instead of a cheaper product. Nixon's sickly appearance while recuperating from a staph infection, in contrast to the tan and vigorous Kennedy, was credited with helping turn the election in Kennedy's favor. "From that day on," Mr. Hewitt later said, "you can't even think of running for office in the greatest democracy on Earth unless you've got the money to buy television time." Mr. Hewitt, who spent his career at CBS News, also directed programs of such early TV news giants Walter Cronkite and Edward R. Murrow. He led coverage of political conventions, royal weddings and coronations, papal installations and national days of mourning for assassinated leaders including Kennedy and the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. With the debut of "60 Minutes" in 1968, Mr. Hewitt merged elements of news and entertainment and shattered the traditional view that news divisions were run as a public trust with little concern for how much money they made. Mr. Hewitt's impact on television was almost unparalleled, said Marvin Kalb, founding director of Harvard University's Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy and a former reporter for CBS and NBC News. "We never made money before '60 Minutes,'" Kalb said of news and public affairs programs. "That had probably, with the exception of the introduction of the Internet, the most profound impact on television news. It meant that everybody else had to make money, and in the quest for profit, standards began to fall. Then add the Internet and you can see the powerful impact the combination of new technology and news profitability had upon the quality of the product." In starting "60 Minutes," Mr. Hewitt's key insight was to combine the prestige surrounding the network's documentary unit with the editorial and visual pacing of an entertainment show. He likened his proposal to a "Life magazine of the air."  In it obituary, the Washington Post cannot bring itself to mention the fact that Hewitt’s parents were Jewish.  In other words, this is another example of Jew playing a critical role in creating the American culture milieu.


    2009: In another sign of the strong defense ties between Israel and India, the government-owned Rafael defense company has secured a $1 billion deal to sell advanced surface-to-air missiles to the Indian Armed Forces. 


    2010: Tel Aviv native, Paula Valstein, is scheduled to perform at the Highline Ballroom in New York City.


    2010: The International Mathematical Union awarded the prestigious Field's Medal to mathematician and Hebrew University


    2010: Funeral services are to held today for Harold Shpeena longtime dentist and former president of the Jewish Federation of South Jersey, died


    2010: “The Switch” a romantic comedy co-starring Jeff Goldblum with a script by Allan Loeb was released in Israel and Russia today.


    2011: JCC Maccabi Games are scheduled to come to an end in Philadelphia, PA and Springfield, MA.


    2011: As her bat mitzvah weekend begins, Gabriella “Gavi” Thalblum is scheduled to help lead Friday night services at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.


    2011: The 31st International conference on Jewish Genealogy is scheduled to come to an end.


    2011:World-renowned solo performer Yael Rasooly is scheduled to present the U.S. Premiere of her award winning show Paper Cut tonight as part of the New York International Fringe Festival.


    2011:Friends and family of those killed in yesterday's terror attacks near Eilat gathered to pay their respects today as funerals took place across the country.  Hundreds of people gathered at Mount Herzl Cemetery for the funeral of 49-year-old Paskal Avrahami, a member of the YAMAM Counter-terrorism Unit who was killed yesterday evening during a firefight with terrorists north of Eilat on the border with Egypt. He was married and had three children. "How can you be strong when the person you love is gone," asked Tal, Paskal's son at the funeral.  Wearing a torn black T-shirt, his son tried to find the words to eulogize his father as he spoke to the thousands of mourners who gathered at the Mount Herzl cemetery. "My dear father, I do not believe that I am writing to you. It is the first time I have written something to you," he said. "How do I even start?" he asked. "I will try to be strong now because I think that is what you would want me to do, but I am not sure that I will succeed.""We already miss you, your smile, your warm hug, your eyes, the person that you were," he said. In Holon, friends and family gathered this afternoon for the funeral of Yossef Levy, 57, who was killed during the attacks while returning home from a vacation in the South with his wife, who was also injured. Earlier this morning at Mount Herzl the funeral took place of St.-Sgt. Moshe Naftali, who was also killed on Thursday responding to the terrorist attacks near Eilat. US ambassador to Israel Dan Shapiro and his wife Julie were among the hundreds of mourners who crowded around the grave. Soldiers marched the flag draped coffin to the grave, as family screamed and cried. "I just want to kiss him," his grandfather told friends. Then he bent down and kissed the coffin, before it was lowered into the grave as a rabbi recited psalms. Family members hugged each other, some put their hands over their faces, as bags of earth were poured on the grave. Shula Naftali, Moshe's mother, said yesterday "I know as a mother that he fought bravely and fiercely, I have no doubt about it.”


    2011:The IAF launched an airstrike late tonight against a terrorist cell in the central Gaza Strip after the cell fired a rocket into Israeli territory, the IDF Spokesman's Office said in a statement.


    2012: Susan Katzir is scheduled to facilitate a “Make Your Own Tallit workshop” at Temple Shalom in Auburn, Maine


    2012: The Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center is scheduled to host a special screening of “Elusive Justice,” a PBS documentary that recounts the decades long struggle to apprehend Nazi war criminals and place them on trial for crimes against humanity.


    2012: “Soul Doctor,” a musical about Shlomo Carlebach, is scheduled to have its final performance today at the New York Theater Workshop.


    2012: The New York Times featured reviews of two books of special interest to Jewish readers – The General, Jonathan Fenby’s biography of de Gaulle, the French leader who stood against the Nazis and redefined the Franco-Israeli relationship after the Six Day War and The Twilight War, David Crist’s history of the conflict with Iran over the last 30 years.


    2012(1stof Elul, 5772): Rosh Chodesh Elul – Sound the shofar for the first time


    2012: A musical version “The Nutty Professor” with a score by Marvin Hamlish that was produced and directed by Jerry Lewis was performed for the final time at the Tennessee Performing Arts Center in Nashville.


    2012:Vice Premier Moshe Ya'alon today described two violent attacks against Arabs ​​over the weekend in Judea and Samaria and Jerusalem as "hate crimes" and "terrorist acts." He called the attacks "totally unacceptable and outrageous" and ascribed their incidence to a moral and educational failure that goes against Jewish ethics and values.


    2012:Police detained four members of the Women of the Wall organization this morning for wearing tallitot (prayer shawls) at the Western Wall plaza. According to a 2001 law, it is illegal for women to perform religious practices traditionally done by men in Orthodox Jewish practice at the Western Wall, such as reading from a Torah scroll, wearing tefillin or a tallit, or blowing a shofar.


    2013(13thof Elul, 5773): Wedding anniversary of JewishPress.com Senior Internet Editor Yori Yanover



    2013: The Center for Jewish and the American Sephardi Federation are scheduled to co-sponsor a presentation by Lori Sternfeld, “The Jewish Community In Iran from 1914 until the Revolution”


    2013: Michael Fruend of Shavei is scheduled to speak about reconnection lost and hidden Jews to the Jewish people and the Land of Israel this evening at Beit Knesset Ma'alot David in Ma'ale Adumim.


    2013: The Oxnard Film Society is scheduled to show “Fill the Void” at Oxnard, CA.


     


    2013: Israeli and Jewish targets all over the world are likely to be sought out by terrorist organizations in the coming weeks, the Israeli government’s Counter-Terrorism Bureau warned in strikingly strident tones today, listing dozens of countries where it said it had “concrete” indications of a terrorist threat.  The threat is connected, in part, to the upcoming Jewish holiday season. (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)


    2013: “Leading up to an end-of-the- week court-set deadline to clamp down on businesses operating on Shabbat, the Tel Aviv Municipality’s legal counsel said today it is still working on formulating the city’s official response. (As reported by Ben Hartman and Yonah Jeremy Bob)


    2013: “Justice Minister Tzipi Livni announced late tonight that she had appointed renowned Prof. Ruth Gavison to draft a constitutional provision defining the exact dimensions of what it means for Israel to be a “Jewish and democratic state.” (As reported by Yonah Jeremy Bob)


    2013: Fifteen days after journalist Steven Joel Sotloff, his fixer and the fixer’s brother and cousins were kidnapped by ISIS terrorist in Aleppo, everybody was released except for the Jewish journalist who would eventually be beheaded.


    2013: “The Nazi Hunter: Remarkable story of the Jewish refugee responsible for tracking down the Auschwitz commandant who slaughtered 3million people” published today described the role Hanns Alexander played “in the hunt for Auschwitz commander Rudolph Hoss.”



    2014: The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to host an Online Resource User-Testing Focus Group as part of its efforts to respond to the digitization of more and more historical archives.


    2014: Hamas broke this truce this afternoon with a volley of rockets that “intensified through the nights.” (As reported by Yifa Yaakov and Adiv Sterman)



    2014: New Jersey Rabbi David Wax who “pleaded guilty to kidnapping charges as part of a scheme to force an Israeli man to give his wife a get” is scheduled to be sentenced today. (As reported by JTA and The Jewish Daily Forward)


    2014:  “The United States views Hamas as responsible for the violation of a renewed temporary truce in the Gaza Strip, and is “very concerned” about the resumption of rocket attacks, a State Department spokeswoman said this afternoon.”


    2014: “Israeli police issued a request today for assistance in locating IDF soldier David Menahem Gordon, 21, who was last seen at an army base’s medical facility at the beginning of the week.”


    2014(23rd of Av, 5774): Twenty-year old Corporal David Gordon who was reported missing two days ago was found dead not far from the Tzrifin base, east of Rishon Lezion, where he was last seen wearing his uniform and his purple Givati Brigade beret.


    2015: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host a noontime showing of “Easy Rider.”


    2015: A 22 month old Jewish baby and her father “were rushed to Shaare Tzedek Medical Center in Jerusalem” after she was wound tonight by an Arab terrorist “who hurled rocks at the car driven by her father on Highway 443.” (As reported by Hana Levi Julian)


    2015: “Why I Killed My Mother” by Dor Zweigenbom is scheduled to open in New York.


    2015: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the Hadassah Book Club is scheduled to meet this evening to discuss The Marrying of Chani Kaufmanby Eve Harris.


    2016(15th of Av, 5776): Tu B’Av – Depending on your point of view, “a Jewish Valentine’s Day” or a “Jewish Sadie Hawkins Day.”





    2016: In Memphis, TN is scheduled to host the L’dor Vador Shabbat Service and Dinner.


    2016: “According to filing with the Securities and Exchange” today, “Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, sold company shares valued at nearly $95 million to fund their charitable efforts.”


    2016(15th of Av): According to Bav Batra, on the Jewish calendar, anniversary of the death of the last member of the exodus generation that was barred from entering Eretz Israel. (As reported by Abraham P. Bloch)


    2016(15th of Av, 5776): Sixty-two year old Louis Jay “Lou” Pearlman, the record producer turned imprisoned felon passed away today



    2016: Oran Etkin is scheduled to perform at the Philadelphia Art Museum.


    2017(27th of Av, 5777): Parashat Re-ay


    2017: One hundred year old Big Band Singer Beatrice Ruth Wain who turned “radio hostess” when she joined forces with husband Andre Baruch passed away today.



    2017: “Our Great Tchaikovsky” Hershey Felder’s one man show about the great Russian composer is scheduled to open today in Hartford, CT.


    2017: After a complimentary dairy meal, members of the Queens Jewish Community are scheduled to come together for a beautiful and easy-to-follow Havdalah service followed by ice cream and drinks.


    2017: The Modern Dance Theater Istanbul of Istanbul State Opera and Ballet is scheduled to perform for a second final time as part of Tel Aviv Dance 2017.


    2017: American singer-songwriter Regina Spektor Regina is scheduled to perform at Ra’anana Amphitheater, at the outskirt of Tel Aviv.”


    2017: The Jerusalem Arts and Crafts Fair is scheduled to come to an end.


    2017: The Candles Holocaust Museum and Education Center in Terre Haute, IN is scheduled to sponsor its fall workshop today at Indiana State University where middle and high school teachers will learn about “stories of individuals and groups who “chose to participate” in a variety of ways during the Civil Rights movement, specifically the desegregation of Central High School in 1957 and the Freedom Rides in 1961.”


    2018: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback editions of Moving Kings by Joshua Cohen and Black Mad Wheel by Josh Malerman.


    2018: The Jewish Federation of Greater Washington is scheduled to host Grand Slam Sunday – an end of summer celebration featuring a baseball game between the home town Nationals and the visiting Miami Marlins.


    2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host a screening of “13 Minutes” which tells the story of Georg Elser’s failed attempt “to kill Hitler on November 9, 1939.”


     


     


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    August 20


    430: The Vandals, a Germanic tribe, established a kingdom in North Africa.  The Jews lived there peacefully and flourished until the Almohad conquest in the 11th century.


    636: Arab forces defeat the Byzantine Christians at the Battle of Yarmuk.  This battle fought only four years after the death of Mohammed opened the road the road to Damascus.  After seizing Syria, the Arabs under Khalid bin Walid turned south and took Jerusalem and all of the territory that is now Jordan and Israel.  This area had been under control of the Christian Byzantine Empire.  The victory at Yarmuk led to the first great wave of Moslem conquest that would sweep across Egypt, North Africa and across the Mediterranean to Spain. Conditions for the Jews improved compared to life under the Byzantines.  The Golden Age of Spain was the ultimate high point of this change.  But life under Islam was uneven for Jews and they suffered in many different areas depending upon which group of Islamists was in control.


    917: Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeated a Byzantine army at the Battle of Acheloos. This was a plus for the Jews since Jews had been moving to the Bulgarian Empire since the 7th century to avoid the persecution they were enduring under the Byzantines.


    1000: The foundation of the Hungarian state, Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary. Archaeological evidence indicates the existence of Jews in Pannonia and Dacia, who came there in the wake of the Roman legions. Jewish historical tradition, however, only mentions the Jews in Hungary from the second half of the 11th century, when Jews from Germany, Bohemia, and Moravia settled there. In 1092, at the council of Szabolcs, the Church prohibited marriages between Jews and Christians, work on Christian festivals, and the purchase of slaves. King Koloman protected the Jews in his territory at the end of the 11th century.


    1086: Prince Władysław I Herman and his first wife Judith, daughter of Vratislaus II of Bohemia gave birth to Bolesław III Wrymouth who “recognized the utility of the Jewish in the development of the commercial interests of” Poland and whose “tolerant regime” encouraged them to settle as far east as Kiev passed away today.


    1100: Using the Venetian fleet, Tancred and Daimbert conquer Haifa during the first crusade.


    1153: Bernard of Clairvaux, the monk known as St. Bernard who laid down principles in how to deal with Jews at the time of the Second Crusade passed away today. He believed that Jews should not physically attacked but were to be punished by being forced to wander the world until they were ultimately converted.  At the same time, he followed the party line when it came to “stealing from the Jews” by agreeing that those who went on Crusade did not have to pay their debts.


    1559: Coronation of Frederick as King of Denmark and Norway who barred Jews from his realm when in 1569 he “ordered that all foreigners in Denmark had to affirm their commitment to 25 articles of faith central to Lutheranism on pain of deportation, forfeiture of all property, and death.”


    1626: Urban VIII who had issued a Bull a year ago dealing with “heretical Portuguese Jews” today issued Injuncti Nobis a Bull dealing with the privileges granted to the monastery for catechumens, which would have been Jews who had converted to Christianity.


    1642: The ashes of Ferdiand Francis, a converted Bohemian Jew whose original name was Chaim or Joachim, were cast into the Danuabe at Vienna.  He was alledged to have been the author of “Toldoth Jeshu” for which he was condemned to be hung.  Just before he was to die, Francis renounced his conversion to Christianity for which he was horribly tortured before he finally died. 


    1656: Parliamentary diarist Thomas Burton was re-elected to the House of Commons. Burton’s diary which provided a record of Parliamentary proceedings for three years (1656-1659) includes an entry on the relationship between Cromwell and Jewish merchants including Antonio Fernandez Carvajal


    “The Jews, those able and general intelligencers whose intercourse with the Continent Cromwell had before turned to profitable account, he now conciliated by a seasonable benefaction to their principal agent [Carvajal] resident in England.”


    1661: The Will of Jacob Atten, a resident of Barbados was dated today.


    1671: Leopold I revoked the decree he had issued in April expelling the Jews from the portion Hungary controlled by the Habsburgs.  


    1684: A riotous mob attacked the ghetto of Buda (that's the half of Budapest that is on the right bank of the Danube, which was joined with Pest on the left bank in 1873). During the war between Venice and Turkey, the Jews were accused of praying for the Turks in their attack on Budapest. In actuality, it was the 9th of Av and all the Jews were in the synagogue mourning the destruction of the temple. Soon after, the attack on the Jewish ghetto began. When the gates were opened to allow for an emissary to the duke to leave, the crowd of attackers rushed in. As soon as the authorities heard about the disturbances, an order to forcibly curb them was given. That day of the order became a day of thanksgiving. In gratitude to G-d for being spared serious injury, the Jews celebrated Buda Purim on the 10th of Elul. This date became known as Purim Buda – Buda as in Budapest.


    1771: Birthdate of Schonche Rothschild, first child of A.M. Rothschild.


    1806: The Assembly of Notables presented their collective response to Napoleon’s questions.


    1807: Rothschild writes to his son Nathan in England that he has sold all the English goods sent to him at a considerable profit.


    1820: Birthdate of Dr. Ferdinand Falkson who “in 1844 was appointed physician to the poor of the Jewish community, a position which he held until his death.


    1826: “A new edict from Pope Leo XII forbids Jews from leaving their ghetto in Rome without a written permit from the Criminal Tribunal. While outside the ghetto, Jews are forbidden from speaking in a ‘familiar way’ with Christians.” (As reported by Austin Cline)


    1833: Birthdate of Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States. As President, Harrison had Secretary of State James G. Blaine issue instructions to the American minister to Russia to “exert his influence” to stop Czar Alexander III from implementing his draconian anti-Jewish regulations.  In 1891, a Christian minster from Illinois named William E. Blackstone “presented a Memorial to” President Benjamin and his Secretary of State “which called upon them to exert their influence with the powers of Europe ‘to secure the holding, at any early date, of an international conference to consider the condition of the Israelites and their claims to Palestine as their ancient home.’”


    1834: Lewis Benjamin married Rosetta Meyer at the Western Synagogue today.


    1834: Joseph Lamert married Eliza Barnett at the Great Synagogue today.


    1839 While relaxing at Boulogne, Giacomo Meyerbeer met for the first time with Richard Wagner for the first time at which time Wagner read to Meyerbeer from the libretto of “Rienzi” and Meyerbeer agreed to look through the score which he subsequently recommended for performance at Dresden


    1840: David Pollock married Isabella Hyams at the New Synagogue today.


    1845: Thirty three year old author and editor Rufus Wilmot Griswold married Charlotte Myers, a 45 year old Jewess from Charleston, South Carolina.


    1845: Michael Aaron married Elizabeth Phillips at the Great Synagogue today.


    1845: Henry Benjamin married Hannah Isaacs at the Great Synagogue today.


    18j48: Benjamin Woolf Phillips married Dinah Levy today.


    1852: It was reported today that "the French counsel is still prosecuting a demand for the satisfaction for the murder of a Roman Catholic priest at Aleppo. It was believed for a long time he was murdered by Jews, but it is now said that the Counsel has evidence that he was murdered by members of the city police for his success in building a Christian church.”  The police were Moslems. The Jews were convenient by-standers. During the notorious Damascus Affair, Isaac de Picciotto, was accused of having offered to sell the priest’s blood to Jews living in Aleppo.  He was the nephew of Elias de Picciotto, a prominent member of the Aleppo Jewish community and the Austrian counsel.  This would be the last involvement of Aleppo with a Blood Libel.  In 1875, an Armenian boy went missing and the charge surfaced again.  Fortunately, he was found in a nearby village.


    1852: It is reported that Lionel de Rothschild is planning to resign from the House of Commons since he has not been permitted to take his seat.


    1856: John Davis married Rachel Adelaide Moses at the Great Synagogue today.


    1856: In "English Celebrities" a column published today, the author provides a description of Benjamin Disraeli which includes the following, "Nor is his faithfulness to his friendships less remarkable than his devoted attention to his old and silly wife...as Disraeli says 'I owe her everything.  But some men forget these things. Not so Disraeli...at no party is he to be found without fat, middle-age, gray-haired lady, hanging on his arm.  But this domestic love is an essentially Jewish trait."


    1856: George Jesse married Amelia Moses at the Great Synagogue today.


    1860: Birthdate of Carrollton, Illinois native and future Speaker of the House of Repesentaive Henry Thomas Rainey who in 1906 attended a mass meeting held to protest the “atrocities in Russia” and told the audience that the Romanoffs “are inflaming the populace against the helpless Jews – and already the blood of 100,000 Jews cries out for vengeance”


    1860: Birthdate of Raymond Poincaré, the philo-Semitic French political leader who served as President of France during World War I.


    1862: David S. Bloom began serving with Company I of the 137th Regiment.


    1862: Three days after he had passed away, Moise Brunswick, the husband of the former “Fanny Meyer” with whom he had two children – Annette and Clara – was buried today the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery” today.


    1863 Two days after he had passed away, 27 year old John Nathan Raphael, the husband of Hamburg native Josephine Raphael was buried to in the “West Ham Jewish Cemetry.”


    1863: The Keystone Battery of the Pennsylvania Light Artillery of which Leon da Silva Solis-Cohen was a member was mustered out of service after having fought at the Battle of Gettysburg.


    1864: In Austria, Abraham and Rosa Wohlgemuth Printz gave birth to Fanny Printz,the sister of Emma, Minnie, David, Harry, Bert and Leo Printz who would make her way to America and settle in Ohio before her death 1922.


    1871: It was reported today that Rabbi Raphael D.C. Lewin who has served as spiritual leader for Mikveh Israel in Savannah and Temple Israel in Brooklyn, has expressed his displeasure with some of his colleagues in The New Eramagazine.  According to Lewin, there is more to being a rabbi than “sermonizing…performing marriages, burying the dead and receiving large salaries and handsome presents.  Rabbis have a duty to educate their congregants about Jewish literature and beliefs.


    1871: According to reports published today the Jewish Times contends that that the Chicago synagogue that fired Rabbi Herzman for eating ice cream had every right to do so.  Herzman had been engaged to lead an Orthodox congregation.  It was obvious from his behavior that he did not respect these views and the synagogue was well within its rights to remove the hypocrite.


    1872: William Moultrie Moses and Penina Septima Robison gave birth to Captain Stanford E Moses, USN the husband of Agnes Moses


    1872: A review panning “The Bells” was published today.  “The Bells” is a one act play imported from France that centers around the consequences suffered by the protagonist for having murdered a Polish Jew.


    1874: In Indianapolis, Indiana, George C. Harding, editor and proprietor of the Indianapolis Herald fired five shots at Sol Mortiz a prominent Jewish merchant in broad daylight this afternoon. One of the shots shattered his left elbow and another passed through his lung and lodged in his chest.  The shooting took place after Harding found out that Mortiz had taken advantage of his 18 year old daughter.


    1875: Birthdate of Shaul Tchernichovsky a Russian-born Hebrew poet considered one of the great Hebrew poets, identified with nature poetry, and as a poet greatly influenced by the culture of ancient Greece.



    1879(1st of Elul, 5639): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1880: It was reported today that there “an ugly rumor” in England that “a now well-known firm of Hebrew jewelers emerged mysteriously from obscurity to importance in the trade within twelve months” of Lady Ellesmere being robbed while she en route visit the Queen at Windsor Castle.  The loss totaled $150,000. (Unsubstantiated claims like this were often more inidicative of ant-Semitism, envy or both)


    1882: It was reported today that the Hebrew Union of Raleigh, NC, had contributed five dollars to the fund for the Garfield Memorial Hospital.


    1884: Unidentified hooligans tried to burn down a building on Clinton Street that housed the grocery story own by Solomon Ellison.  The five story tenement was home to countless Jewish families. 


    1885: In Greater Poland Jacobi and Thelka Bornstein gave birth to Gertrude Bornstein who became Gertrude Koeppler when she married Friedrich Koeppler..


    1887(30thof Av, 5647): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1887: Abraham Reiter of Greensburg, Indiana and A.B. Frank of San Antonio, TX each contributed $10.00 to the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.


    1887: It was reported today that “there was tumult” among those who think they have a claim to Julius Weisbaden, the miser who died in Bellevue and was buried without any service.  The estate was thought to be worth $40,000 but it may be only worth $2,800.


    1888: In Kansas City, MO, Felix and Matilda Epstein Kander gave birth to newspaperman Allen Kander.



    1890: Isadore Loeb, Michel Erlanger, Dr. W. Lowenthal, C.E. Cullen, Colonel Vanivkeroy and Dr. E. Schwarzfeld attended a conference in the Paris residence of Baron de Hirsch to discuss the settlement of Jewish refugees in Argentina at the end of which Cullen, Lowenthall and Vanikeroy were appointed as a commission to visit the country with the expectation that they would submit a report within six months on the feasibility of the project.


    1890: The Sanitarium for the Hebrew Children is scheduled to host their next free excursion today.


    1890: In Little Rock, AR, Miss Dora Vorminsky, a prominent Jewish socialite beat Louis Englander a Jew who worked as a clerk at Lasker Brothers’ with a cowhide whip because she had been told that he had made statements damaging to her reputation.


     


    1891: Somebody known only as “E.S.W.” has sent $2 to the New York Times “for destitute Jews.”


     


    1891: “The Socialist Congress” published today described the meeting in Brussels where the delegates discussed labor’s attitude toward the “Jewish question” and anti-Semitism.  The Congress was ready to condemn anti-Semitism but it also deplored the fact that several of the oppressors of labor were Jews and Jewish bankers.


     


    1892: Birthdate of Sir Godfrey Rolles Driver, one of a cadre of English Christians who specialized in Semitic languages including Hebrew which led to his taking the lead in translating the “Old Testament for the New English Bible.”


     


    1893: In St. Louis, MO, Joseph Lazarus Kranson and Caroline Kranson gave birth to Harry Kranson


     


    1893: Sh'chita was banned in Switzerland. In those cantons where there is a small Jewish population, “the Swiss Hebrews” have “unanimously” agreed to “abandon eating meat” and have “put themselves on a vegetarian and poultry diet.”(The ban is still in place and the Jewish community gets its meat from several different countries.)


    1893: Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor opened today’s meeting of delegates from 30 labor organizations who looking for means to “relieve the distress among the unemployed workingmen” of New York who were enduring the Depression of 1893.


    1893: Joseph Peel was arrested today on charges that he had poisoned the horses of Max Cooper and G. Feinberg, two Orthodox Jewish peddlers with whom he had been partners.


    1893: It was reported that a mass meeting of the unemployed, socialists and anarchist Joseph Barondees called for “the abolishment of prison labor” and Mayer Schoenfeld said “that the Jews would have to join with the other trade unions if they wanted to accomplish anything.”


    1893: Between 1,500 and 1,800 people responded to the call of the Chicago Tailors’ Union for a mass meeting of the unemployed at Metropolitan Hall.  “The majority of the gathering was composed of Jews” with the rest being “Germans, Poles and Italians, with a few Americans.”


    1894: It was reported today that Miss Maria V. Lawrence is the sole survivor of the late Eugene Lawrence, the historian whose work included The Jews and Their Persecutors and who was unmarried.


    1895: Two days after she had passed away, 36 year old Helen Micholls, the daughter of “Horatio Micholls” and the former “Rebecca Montefiore” was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Cemetery.


    1895: The will of the late Joseph Lewis was filled in the Surrogate’s office today. According to the document, the residue of the estate valued at $20,000 is given to his widow for life and that upon her death the residue will go to his nieces including Julia D. Davis and Leontine Hepner and to his nephews including O.A. Lithauer.


    1896: Birthdate of Jacob Glatstein, the Polish born American Yiddish poet and literary critic.


    1896: The Summernight’s festival hosted by District Grand Lodge No.1, Independent Order Free Sons of Israel will take place today at Harlem River Park.


    1897: Disturbances were begun today “by the fanatical opponents of the Jews in Pilsen, Boehmia.


    1897: In New York, Myer S. Isaacs, the Secretary of the Palestine Society said “that he was sure there had been…no misappropriation of funds by Rabbi Salant” in the distribution of funds sent by American Jews to help their co-religionists in Jerusalem because he “is a man of the highest character.”


    1898: In Krakow, “Salomon and Ester Keile Infeld” gave birth to physicist and colleague of Albert Einstin, Leopold Infeld




    1899: “The Chuetas of Majorca” published today traced the history of the Chuetas, a 15th century group of persecuted Jewish refugees who had fled to Majorca for protection” and who appeared to embrace Catholicism.  Calling them Chuetas was a term of derision since that word is the diminutive for ’chuya’ the Majorcan word for bacon.  (Reminds one of the term marrano which means pig)


    1899: “Zionists’ Congress Votes Down the Proposal of New York Delegates” published today described the decision of the Third Congress of Zionist to  reject a proposal to by two delegates from New York that Island of Cyprus should be the site of colonization by the Jews.


     


    1900: Birthdate of Ernst Papenek, the native of Vienna who came to the United States in 1940 where he earned a Doctorate in Education from Columbia, served on the faculty of CUNY and served as Director of the Children’s Home and School for Refugee Children.


    1901: The First Congress of Caucasus Zionists was held in Tbilisi. Rabbi David Baazov led Georgian Zionism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1903, Baazov attended the Sixth Zionist Congress in Basel.


    1903: Herzl arrives in Basel


    1903: Maurice Leon and Jacob de Haas got off the train “in Basle, raised our hats to the Zionist flags waving in front of the Stadt Casino” before setting out to find their hotel.


    1903: Barney Pelty pitched his first major league game as a member of the St. Louis Brown


    1904: Birthdate of Judikje Simons, later Judikje Themans- Simons, one the Jewish members of the Dutch ladies’ gymnastic team which won the Gold at the 1928 Olympics. She and her husband, as well as her two children were murdered at Sobibor in 1943.


    1905: In New York, Abraham Isaac Shiplacoff, the son of Naphthalia Hertz Shiplacoff and Chana Tshipliacov and his wife Yetta Ettel Itta "Henrietta" Shiplacoff gave birth to Frederick Engels Shiplacoff


    1906(29th of Av, 5666): Simeon Singer, the rabbi at the New West Synagogue since 1878 where he had also created a new translation of the prayer book and who had married Charlotte Pyke in 1867 with whom he had six children - Jules, Samuel, David, Richard, Freda and historian Charles Singer – passed away today “in the prime of manhood.”


    1907: Birthdate of New York City native Herbert Theodore Bergman who gained fame as actor Alan Reed, “the voice of Fred Flinstone.”


    1908: Birthdate of Dr. Herbert Kaiser of Breslau who was murder at Terezin at the age of 35.


    1911: “The Juvenile Band of the Chicago Home for Jewish Orphans” is scheduled to give an “open air band concert at the Chicago Hebrew Institute” this afternnon.


    1911 Ceremonies marking the opening of the Annex for the Orthodox Home for the Aged in Cleveland, Ohio began today.


    1912(7th of Elul, 5672): Seventy-four year old Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author who was the son of portrait painter Julia Salaman and Louis Goodman passed away today.



    1914: During World War I, the Germans occupied Brussels which would lead to a series of depredations that would be visited on the civilian population – both Jewish and non-Jewish.


    1914: Copies of a resolution endorsing President Wilson’s “stand on the European War” was taken to Washington by Dr. Carroll of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America and “Dr. H. Pereira Mendes, Chairman of the Committee on Peace and Arbitration of the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations in America.”


    1914: Seventy-nine year old Pope Pius X, who had met with Herzl in the Vatican in 1904 and said that “Jews have recognized Our Lord, therefore we cannot recognize the Jewish people” which mean that “Jerusalem cannot be placed in Jewish hands” passed away today.



    1915(9th of Elul, 5675): Sixty one year old Nobel Prize winner Paul Ehrlich, the man who discovered the treatment for syphilis, passed away.



    1915: It was reported today that at the mass meeting held at Cooper Union to consider the plight of the Jews of Russia and the need for the establishment of Zionist State in Palestine after the war “at the suggestion of Joseph Baroness all in the hall rose to their feet as an expression of sympathy for the family of Leo Frank.


    1915(10thof Elul, 5675): Seventy-five year old “Yitzchak Yaakov Reines (Isaac Jacob Reines) the Orthodox rabbi whose belief in Zionism led him to found the Mizrachi Religious Zionist Movement” passed away today.



    1915: Leo Frank “was buried” today “in the Mount Carmel Cemetery in Glendale, Queens, New York.


    1916: Among the contributions reported today to have been received by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War was $50 from Congregation Share Torah, $14 from Congregation Emunah Israel and $38 from Congregation Ahavath Chesed.


    1916: It was reported today the Joint Distribution Committee has sent $1,800,000 to Russia, $1,454,500 to German Poland, $1,065,000 to Austro-Hungary including Galicia, $403,788 to Palestine, $132,325 to Greece and Turkey, $21,000 to Alexandria, Egypt, $5,000 to Jewish students in Swiss universities, $5,000 to Tunis, Algiers and Morocco and $5,000 to destitute families of Russian Jews in France.


    1916: The Independent Western Star Order which had been founded in 1894 and now has 148 Lodges under the leadership of Grand Master Max Levy of Cincinnati, Ohio, held its fourth biennial convention today at Buffalo, NY.


    1917: “The Secretary of the Joint Distribution Committee for Jewish Relief Funds announced” tonight “that the committee of which Felix M. Warburg is the Chairman has solved the problem of the distribution of relief money in the war zones, and that a commission which has been accredited by the United States Government has sailed for Europe to put the plan into effect.”  (Editor’s note – the entrance of the United States into the World War meant that the country was no longer a neutral so aid coming from the United States was no seen as part of the Allied war effort.)


    1917(2nd of Elul, 5677):Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer, known as Adolph von Baeyer, the first Jew to ever receive the Nobel Prize, passed away today. “Baeyer was a German chemist, acknowledged in 1905 for synthesizing dye indigo. He was also awarded the Davie Medal by the Royal Society of London in 1881, for his work with indigo. Baeyer was born on October 31, 1835, in Berlin, Germany. Initially, at the Berlin University, Baeyer studied mathematics and physics. Nevertheless, he soon discovered his passion for chemistry and transferred to Heidelberg to study with Robert Bunsen in 1856. Bunsen was a famous chemist, who is best known for perfecting the burner. In Heidelberg, Baeyer studied in the laboratory of August Kekule, a famous organic chemist. In 1858, Baeyer received his doctorate in chemistry from Berlin University. In 1871, he became a Professor at Strasbourg and, in 1875, Baeyer became the Chemistry Professor at the University of Munich. In addition to synthesizing dye indigo, some of Baeyer’s other achievements include the discovery of the phthanein dyes, investigation of polyacetylenes, oxonium salts, and uric acid derivatives. Bayer synthesized barbituic acid in 1864. This acid is used in surgery as a sedative or hypnotic. Baeyer is also renowned for his work in theoretical chemistry, developing the ‘strain’ (Spannung) theory of triple bonds and the strain theory in small carbon rings. Baeyer was also the founder of Baeyer Chemical Co”.


    1918: Dr. Solf, the German Colonial Secretary delivered a talk today in which he reputed Lord Balfour’s claim to the colonies held by the Central Powers on the ground of superior morality – a claim that took on additional weight due to the success of the Allies and held special meaning for the Jews seeking a commonwealth in Palestine.


    1918:Birthdate of Hanna Poznanskia, who as British psychoanalyst Hanna Segal,Hanna Segal, “helped change child psychology in the United States by explaining and popularizing the play therapy techniques developed by her mentor, the seminal psychoanalytic thinker Melanie Klein.:


    1918: In Philadelphia, “portrait painter Robert Susan” and “public schoolteacher Rose Jans” gave birth to novelist Jacqueline Susann who produced such bestselling pot-boilers as Valley of the Dolls and The Love Machine,




    1919: In Brooklyn, Hannah (née Bistrong) and Louis Bernstein, a teacher gave birth to Walter Bernstein an American screenwriter and film producer who was blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studio bosses in the 1950s.



    1919(25thof Av, 5679): Sixteen year old Yechiel Bernhard passed away today.


    1919(25thof Av, 5679): Mrs. Lttle Lewenstein passed away today.


    1920:  Israel publishes its first medical journal, "Ha-Refuah."


    1920: It was reported today that “10,000 Jews have already been expelled from” Hungary and that orders are being issued for more deportations.


    1920: It was reported today that “the Jewish War Memorial Fund in England has now reached £150,000.”


    1920: Birthdate of Melvin Wallace “Mel” Bleekr the Los Angeles born quarterback and track star at USC during the 1940’d who went to play in the NFL for the Philadelphia Eagles and Los Angeles Rams.


    1920: “Jews Expelled from Hungary” published today described the expulsion of 100,000 Jews from that country and the warm welcome extended to “a group of Russian officers from General Denikin’s army who are believed to be experts at conducting pogroms.”


    1921:Leo "Lindy" Lindermann and his wife Clara opened “Lindy’s”, the iconoclastic New York restaurant, at1626 Broadway, between 49th and 50th Streets


    1921: In Philadelphia, portrait artist Robert Susann and public school teacher Rose Susann gave birth to author Jacqueline Susann, the creator of a what, at their team, were a series of “torrid” novels beginning with Valley of the Dolls. (As reported by Laurie Johnston)



    Editor’s Note – Some sources show her birthdate as 1918 but we’ll go with the NYT version.


    1922: Maude Rosenbaum, of the United States won the Bronze Medal in the two-handed shot put at the 1922 Women’s World Games held today at the Pershing Stadium in Paris.



     


    1922: Birthdate of Bernard Sahlins, “a founder of the Second City, the Chicago nightclub that helped to establish improvisational sketch comedy as a rudiment of American entertainment and created a resident troupe that propelled the careers of myriad funnymen and women.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)


    1922: Birthdate of Judith Craner Protas the native of Brooklyn with degrees from Barnard and Yale who became a leading advertising executive with Doyle Dane Bernbach and told the world that you don’t have to be Jewish to enjoy “Levy’s real Jewish rye.” (As reported by Margalit Fox)


    1923: Birthdate of Chicago native Sheldon Bernard Keller, an Emmy-winning comedy writer whose work included “Caesar’s Hour,” one of the jewels of 1950s television” (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    1924: Birthdate of Eugene D. “Gene” Alexander the native of Orange New Jersey who was one of the American volunteers who manned the refugee ships that ran the British blockade of Palestine.



    1925:  Two days after he had passed away, 42 year old Sydney Lipkin was buried today at the “Willesden Jewish Cemetery.”


    1925: “In Birkenhead,” Joe and May Makin gave birth to “celebrity solicitor” Elkan Rex Makin, whose work with Brian Epstein led to his close association with the Beatles




    1926: Middle Augie Ratner ended his ten year long professional ring career by winning his last bout in Long Beach on points.


    1927(22nd of Av, 5687): Parashat Ekev


    1927(22nd of Av, 5687): Sixty-four year old Austrian born concert pianist Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler, the wife of Sigmund Zeisler passed away today in Chicago.




    1927: Birthdate of Stanley Anselm Bosworth a self-described “old wizard” who shaped his own Hogwarts in Brooklyn in the form of Saint Ann’s School, which rapidly gained national prominence for its free-form approach to education and its success in sending graduates to top colleges. Born in Manhattan he was the child of Jewish immigrants from Russia who had changed their name from Boscovitz to better assimilate. (As reported by Douglas Martin)


    1927: Birthdate of Shraga Feivel Gruberger, the Brooklyn native who gained fame as Rabbi Philip S. Berg, “dean of the worldwide Kabbalah Centre Origination.”



    1927: “Underworld,” “silent crime film directed by Josef von Stemberg, co-produced by B.P. Shulberg with a script co-authored by Ben Hecht was released today in the United States by Paramount Pictures.


     


    1928: State Supreme Court Alfred Frankenthaler officiated at the marriage of Jascha Heiftiz and Florence Vidor.  The private ceremony uniting the 28 year old violinist and the motion picture actress took place the Mayfair House on Park Avenue in Manhattan.  This is his first marriage and her second.


    1929: As the Arab riots continued a late-night meeting initiated by the Jewish leadership, at which acting high commissioner Harry Luke, Jamal al-Husayni, and Yitzhak Ben-Zvi were present, failed to produce a call for an end to the violence.


    1929: Premiere of Irving Thalberg’s “Hallelujah!”  “One of the first all-black films by a major studio featuring the music of Irving Berlin.


    1929:Haganah leaders proposed to provide defense for 600 Jews of the Old Yishuv in Hebron, or to help them evacuate. However, the leaders of the Hebron community declined these offers, insisting that they trusted the A'yan (Arab notables) to protect them.


    1930: Dr. Jacob Levitsky, a math teacher in Jerusalem, has won Yale’s annual $2000 prize Sterling Fund. Levitsky is a graduate of Tel Aviv High School and the University of Goettingen


    1930: The General Executive Committee of RSFSR accepted the decree that led to the creation of a Jewish administrative territorial unit in the Asiatic portion of the Soviet Union that would come to be known as The Jewish Autonomous Oblast.


    1933: Gabriel Terra, President of Uruguay issued a special decree, permitting 500 Jewish families, fleeing from Germany, to enter the country. The Jewish Immigrant Aid Society had petitioned the President on behalf of the country’s Jewish community.


    1933: In Montevideo, Vos Hebres (The Hebrew Voice), defended the Jews against attacks which followed permission being given for the immigration of 500 German-Jewish families.


    1933:The Jewish National Fund announced that it has reclaimed 300,000 dunams of land (75,000 acres) in the Emek since 1923, and that 10,000 people are settled on it.


    1933:The Keren Hayesod (Palestine Foundation Fund) reported that it has collected in the past two years £400,077; of which the United States contributed one-third (£133,545); during the 12 years of its existence, the Fund has raised £4,821,510 of which the United States contributed one-half (£2,409,392).


    1933: American Jewish Congress declared a boycott against Nazi Germany


    1935: “A conference of ministers was held today to discuss the negative economic effects of Party actions against Jews during which Hitler argued that such effects would cease once the government decided on a firm policy against the Jews.”


    1935: The world Zionist leader, Dr. Nahum Sokolow, with almost the first words of his presidential speech tonight shattered reports that the nineteenth biennial Zionist congress would sidestep the situation of German Jews, out of deference to delegates from the Reich, who were among the representatives from forty-three nations.


    1936: “Germany succeeded in showing the world a well-trained army and a strictly disciplined people during the Olympic Games but did not hesitate to break most of the Olympic commandments, according to four members of the International Committee for the Preservation of the Olympic Ideal who arrived” in Paris today.


    1936: It was reported today that “mystery surrounds the death of…Captain Fuerstner, the constructor and organizer of the Olympic village and its officer in command and its administrative official” and the “one of the last ‘non-Aryan’ officers to retain his active rank in the new Germany” who has variously been reported to have died in an automobile accident or in “an accident with a pistol.”  (Editor’s Note – in reality he had shot himself after he realized that under the Nuremberg Laws that would go into effect after the Olympics, he would be classified as a Jew and would be expelled from the Army.)


    1936: “Benny Leonard, the former lightweight champion announced” today that “an all-star combination made up of the leading players from the New York State Football Association” will play the Maccabee Palestine champion team in a benefit soccer contest at Yankee Stadium in September.


    1936: Premiere of “Romeo and Juliet’ a cinematic version of Shakespeare’s drama directed by George Cukor, produced by Irving Thalberg and starring Leslie Howard (Leslie Howard Steiner) as Romeo and Norma Shearer as Juliet.


    1937: At Zurich, “in a calmer atmosphere and with more hope of success, the negotiations continued today for a compromise to prevent a split between Zionists and American non-Zionists in the Jewish Agency on issues raised by the Palestine partition.”


    1937: “Broadway Melody of 1938” a musical with lyrics by Arthur Freed, known in his native Charleston, SC, as Arthur Grossman, was released today in the United States.


    1938(23rd of Av, 5698): Communist Party loyalist Semyon Dimanstein fell victim to one of Stalin’s purges today. After six months in prison, he was sentenced to death today and then executed.  He was rehabilitated two years after Stalin died.


    1938: “Book Notes” published today described plans by Knopf to publish a second collection of short stories entitled The River Breaks Up by I.J. Singer, which likes its predecessor The Brothers Ashkenazi tells tales about Polish Jews “during the period of transition from the beginning of the present century trough the” World War and the Russian Revolution.


    1938: Hank Greenberg hits three homers, bringing his total to 41 which puts him ahead of Babe Ruth’s record breaking 1927 pace.


    1939: General debate in the twenty-first World Zionist Congress had to be suspended today after an announcement at the morning's meeting of a decision by the court of the congress to reduce the number of mandates allotted to the Palestine delegations from 133 to 127.


    1940: Leon Trotsky is attacked by an assassin in Mexico City.  Trotsky is hiding from Stalin who has ordered Trotsky’s execution.  Trotsky will die of his wounds the following day.  According to one version of the story, had moved from a fortress like villa to an unguarded homes because of a dispute over a woman.


    1940: “Boomtown” a comedy-adventure film co-starring Hedy Lamar, produced by Sam Zimbalist with music by Franz Waxman was released in the United States today by MGM.


    1941:A low-rent United States Housing' Authority development in East St. Louis, Il, has been named in memory of Samuel Gompers, longtime president of the American Federation of Labor.


    1941: For the next 48 hours about 4300 Jews are sent from Paris to Drancy, a transit camp in France. These are the first of 70,000 Jews who will be deported to Drancy and then to extermination camps, primarily Auschwitz-Birkenau


    1941(26th of Av, 5701): Several Jews were pulled from their homes in Sabac by the Germans, then brought into the street and shot. The Germans made other Jews come carry the dead bodies through the town, and then hang them from electricity poles. This attacked was the beginning of a series of attacks which lasted for 2 months and resulted in several thousands of Jewish murders. 


    1942: “The Talk of the Town” a comedy with a screenplay by Irwin Shaw and Sidney Buchman with music by Friedrich Hollaender was released in the United Sates today by Columbia Pictures.


    1942: Today, ‘the Council of Protestant Federation, under the signature of its president, Pastor Marc Boegner, wrote to Marsh Petain protesting against the deportation of Jews and the inhuman manner in which orders for these deportations were being carried out.”


    1942 The ZOB (Jewish Fighting Organization) attempts to assassinate Joseph Szerynski, commander of the Jewish police in the Warsaw Ghetto. Later in the day, other ZOB members set fire to several Warsaw warehouses.


    1942(6th of Elul, 5702): The Jewish community from Falenica, Poland, is liquidated at the Treblinka death camp.


    1942: The Nazis began deporting the Jews of Kielce, Poland to Treblinka,


    1942: For the next four days, nineteen thousand Jews of Kielce, Poland, are deported to the Treblinka death camp.


    1942: For the next four days gas/disinfectant expert Kurt Gerstein observes gas executions at the Treblinka, one day after witnessing similar deaths at Belzec.


    1943: Pvt. Ed Koch writes in his diary today complaining “about an inspection he called a huge waste of time. “It took about an hour to get everything ready for display and then the (colonel) merely walked swiftly up and down the aisles and glanced at the tents once in a while,” he wrote. “It was the biggest example of a waste of time that I have ever seen in the Army.” (As reported by Forwards staff)


    1943(18th of Av, 5703): Three thousand Jews are executed during a revolt at Glebokie, Belorussia.


    1944: During World War II, Soviet forces “made an all-out attack” on Nazi forces in Romania – an attack that would be successful and help to save a significant percentage of the Jewish population.


    1944:  The United States Army Air Force bombs Auschwitz III(oil and rubber plant), three miles from Auschwitz I (main camp) and five miles from Birkenau, the Auschwitz death camp. 127 bombers escorted by 100 fighters (who face only 19 German planes) drop more than 1300 500-pound bombs. Only one bomber is shot down. This puts the lie to the claim that allied airpower could not have knocked out the rails leading to the death camps or to the crematorium.  This had been the plea of many Jewish leaders. The facts of the matter are that allied leaders were not willing to risk planes or men to save Jews. On the morning of August 20, 1944, a group 127 US B-17 bombers, called Flying Fortresses, approached Auschwitz. They were escorted by 100 P-51 Mustang fighter planes. Most of the Mustangs were piloted by Tuskegee Airmen of the 332nd Fighter Group. The attacking force dropped more than 1,000 500-pound bombs on German oil factories less than five miles from the gas chambers. Despite German anti-aircraft fire and a squadron of German fighter planes, none of the Mustangs was hit and only one of the US planes was shot down. All of the units reported successfully hitting their targets. On the ground below, Jewish slave laborers, including 15 year-old Elie Wiesel, cheered the bombing. In his best-selling memoir, Night, Wiesel described their reaction: "We were not afraid. And yet, if a bomb had fallen on the blocks [the prisoners' barracks], it alone would have claimed hundreds of victims on the spot. But we were no longer afraid of death; at any rate, not of that death. Every bomb that exploded filled us with joy and gave us new confidence in life. The raid lasted over an hour. If it could only have lasted ten times ten hours!" But it did not. Even though there were additional US bombing raids on German industrial sites in the Auschwitz region in the weeks and month to follow, the gas chambers and crematoria were never targeted. The Roosevelt administration knew about the mass murder going on in Auschwitz, and even possessed diagrams of the camp that were prepared by two escapees. But when Jewish organizations asked the Roosevelt administration to order the bombing of the camp and the railways leading to it, the requests were rejected. US officials claimed such raids were "impracticable" because they would require "considerable diversion" of planes needed for the war effort. But the Tuskegee veterans know that claim was false. They were right there in the skies above Auschwitz. No "diversion" was necessary to drop a few bombs on the mass-murder machinery or the railways leading into the camp. Sadly, those orders were never given. The decision to refrain from bombing Auschwitz was part of a broader policy by the Roosevelt administration to refrain from taking action to rescue Jews from the Nazis or provide havens for them. The US did not want to deal with the burden of caring for large numbers of refugees. And its ally, Great Britain, would not open the doors to Palestine to the Jews, for fear of angering Arab opinion. The result was that the Allies failed to confront one of history's most compelling moral challenges.


    1944: In an unusual move even for the Nazis, 168 aviates from the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Jamaica arrived at Buchenwald Concentration Camp today.


    1947: In Englewood, NJ, the former Ruth Grodnick and Irving Howard Kudlow, gave birth “media economist” Larry Kudlow the recovering drug and alcohol addict who converted to Catholicism in the 1990’s and replaced Gary Cohn as President Trump’s Director of the National Economic Council.


    1948: “In testimony under subpoena before the HUAC, Lee Pressman declined to answer questions regarding Communist Party membership, citing grounds of potential self-incrimination.”


    1948: “After an hour in D-117 today, Michael Flint, WW II naval pilot serving with the IAF, had to make a wheels-up landing when his gear wouldn't descend.”


    1948: Re-release today  of “Dick Tracy Returns” a film based on the comic strip cop featuring Ned Glass (born Nusyn Glass) as “Kid Stark”


    1950(7th of Elul, 5710): Aaron Parsonnet, the Newark, NJ physician who received his M.D. degree from Loyola University and was the husband of the former Julia Lifson passed away today at West Orange, NJ.


    1952(28th of Av, 5712): Yitzhak Sadeh, the founder of the Palmach and a hero of the War of Independence passed away at the age of 62. While a name unknown to most non-Israelis. Yitzhak Sadeh was a brave man who played a key role in the founding of the state of Israel.  He was the commander for the Palmach units, a soldier, a writer, an educator, and was one of the founders of Tshal. He originally lived in Russia, but he moved to Israel later in his life.  Yitzhak was born in Lubin, Poland in 1890. He began his military career, by fighting for the Russian army in World War One. Later, he was honored for his bravery in the war. During 1917, 1918, and 1919, Yitzhak Sadeh, with the help of Joseph Trumpeldor, established the foundation of “Ha- Halutz”. “Ha- Halutz”, in 1920, made an aliyah to the land of Israel. He moved as soon as he heard of his friend, Joseph Trumpeldor’s death. When Yitzhak arrived in Israel, he became one of the founders of the “Gdud-Ha-Avoda”.  In 1929, Sadeh joined the Hagganah. He was made commander in the Hagganah, in Jerusalem, shortly after he joined. During the 1929 riots, he took part in defending the city of Haifa. When the 1936 riots started, Sadeh established the “Nodedt” in Jerusalem. This organization was the one that confronted the enemy in their villages and in the army bases. Yitzhak introduced a policy for defending settlements by going out to attack the Arab bands, instead of staying behind the fences of their settlements to await the raids.     In the summer of 1937, Sadeh founded the “Fosh”. He also commanded the kibbutz of Hanitah. One of the things that Yitzhak Sadeh is most famous for is founding the Palmach. He served as chief commander for the Palmach until 1945. During 1945, he was appointed to be Hagganah’s Chief of General staff. He was also in charge of planning operations against the British forces. Yitzhak planned many operations involving bringing Jewish immigrants to the Promised Land, Israel. In the beginning of the Independence War in 1948, Yitzhak Sadeh commanded the defense of the kibbutz, Mishmar Ha-Emek. Kibbutz Mishmar Ha-Emek was attacked by Syrian forces, which were trying to divide the country into two parts. After this, Sadeh was promoted to the job of “Aluf”. When he was promoted, he was able to establish the first armored brigade in the IDF. The Israeli Defense Forces, later, led critical battles for the state of Israel.    After the War of Independence, Yitzhak participated in the operation, “Khorev”.  Also, the Palmach was disconnected. Sadeh left the military services in 1949. After retiring from the army, he wrote many books, essays, and even plays. He would write with the pen name, Y. Noded. Sadeh promoted a lot of sports. He was the wrestling champion of St. Petersburg and featured in wrestling performances. He thought of sports being an important part of life and it held important cultural and educational value. He created Hapoel’s slogan, “Alafim and not Alufim”. They wanted many people to take part in sports. Thousands of sports figures and soldiers, to this day, take part in the Run around Mount Tavor, in honor of Yitzhak Sadeh.  Yitzhak Sadeh died in Tel-Aviv in August 1952, and was buried in Kibbutz Givat Brenner. He was a very brave man. Kibbutz Nir Yitzhak and kibbutz Mashabey Sadeh were named after Yitzhak Sadeh



    1952: Work started on a number of concrete dams, expected to hold back the rainwater accumulating in the Negev wadis during the winter. This was part of the Zionist dream to make the Negev green.


    1952: Birthdate of American singer-song writer Doug Fieger, the lead singer and rhythm guitarist of the band the Knack, whose enduring 1979 hit “My Sharona” has become an emblem of the new wave era in rock and a prime example of the brevity of pop fame.”  His father was Jewish.


    1960: Larry Sherry pitches the Dodgers past the Cards for his 12th win of the season.


    1964:Atentát is a 1964 black-and-white Czech film directed that “depicts events before and after the assassination of top German leader Reinhard Heydrich in Prague (Operation Anthropoid) which was entered into the 4th Moscow International Film Festival where it won a Golden Prize” was released today/


    1964: President Lyndon Johnson signed an anti-poverty bill that would commit almost one billion dollars to the “War on Poverty.”  The measure had the support of numerous Jewish political leaders and Jewish voters.  This was an era when Jewish voters were drawn to politicians who supported a society that sought to care for the “widow, the orphan and the stranger in your midst.”


    1966(4th of Elul, 5726): Parashat Shoftim


    1966(4th of Elul, 5726): Eighty-two year old New York native and graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University Dr. David John Kaliski, the husband of Kate Mountjoy Kaliski passed away today



    1966(4th of Elul, 5726): Seventy-seven year old Polish native, Simon Federbush, the former Chief Rabbi of Finland, the principal of several yeshivas in the United States and “a founder of the Religious Zionist Labor Movement” who married “the former Miriam Horowitz” with whom he had “two sons, Urieland and Emanuel—passed away today.


    1969: After having been released in Italy earlier in the year, “Orgasmo” starring Carroll Baker was released today in New York City.


    1971: FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr who would become a member of Richard Nixon’s infamous enemies list.  Earlier in his career, Schoor had been thrown out of the Soviet Union for his news broadcasts.  This makes him one of the few people to be declared an enemy by both the Soviet Communists and right-wing American Anti-Communists.


    1971:The Brighton Regency Synagogue was “designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.”


    1974: Forty “British radiologists protested the treatment by the Soviets of radiologist Dr. Victoria Poltinikova in Novosibirsk, who had applied for emigration to Israel in 1972 with her parents.”


    1975: “Isaac Yilyulitin, a 35 year old Doctor of Mathematics, was sentenced to one year in prison on charges of attempted smuggling, having been arrested at Leningrad airport en route to Israel.”


    1976: It was reported today that Uganda President Idi Amin has “set a seven day deadline for a personal reply” from Prime Minister Rabin on his demand for compensation from the Israelis for the raid on Entebbe.


    1976: Seventy-five year old Sid Silvers whose career spanned vaudeville, Broadway and the silver screen passed away today.



    1976: “The Shootist” a film about an aging, dying gunfighter directed by Don Siegel, co-starring Lauren Bacall and with music by Elmer Bernstein which was the final movie for the legendary John Wayne (who was not Jewish) was released to in the United States.


    1977: Despite the initial rejection by both Israel and Jordan, US officials were still hopeful that their idea of establishing a joint Israeli-Jordanian temporary trusteeship over the West Bank could yet get off the ground.


    1977: The French government appeared to be reconciled to a new period of chilly relations after Israel rejected its contention that the three new settlements in administered areas hampered peace prospects.


    1977: The US Central Intelligence Agency told Congressional investigators that enriched uranium, designed to build atomic bombs, was mysteriously diverted from the privately owned American plant to Israel in the middle 1960s


    1979: It was reported today that Yigal Yadin, Israel’s Deputy Prime Minister rejected Andrew Young’s characterization his government as “stubborn and intransigent” and “pursuing and expansionist policy” when he appeared on ABC’s “Issue and Answers.”



    1980: The UN Security Council condemns (14-0, US abstains) Israeli declaration that all of Jerusalem is its capital.  The UN Security Council never said or did anything about the illegal occupation of the eastern section of Jerusalem by Jordan that lasted for almost twenty years.  During that same time, the UN was equally silent when it came to the fact that Jews were not allowed to enter the Old City or that the Jordanians had systematically dismembered the physical remains of the ancient Jewish Quarter.  This lack of equivalent concern is but one of a long list of reasons by why many Israelis and as well as others have lost respect for the United Nations.


    1981: “An American Werewolf in London,” a “horror comedy film” directed by John Landis, with music by Elmer Bernstein was released in the United States by Universal Pictures.


    1982:  During the Lebanese Civil War a multinational force lands in Beirut to oversee the PLO withdrawal from Lebanon.  The Lebanese Civil War was conflict between Christian and Moslem Arabs.  It was part of centuries old struggle for power that flared up periodically.  The PLO had come to Lebanon after having been thrown out of Jordan where it had attempted to overthrow the government.  The PLO was a destabilizing force in Lebanon as its fighters took the side of the Moslems and tried to use Lebanon as a base for terrorist attacks against Israel.  The PLO had to go because of its role in destroying the social fabric of Lebanon which had been an oasis of Western progress and civility in among the violent Arab dictatorships of the Middle East.


    1982(1stof Elul, 5742): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1982(1stof Elul, 5742): Sixty-six year old Alfred S. Bloomingdale, the grandson of the founder of Bloomingdale’s department store passed away today in Santa Monica, CA. (As reported by David W. Dunlap)



    (Wiki shows the date as August 23 but I will take the word of the NYT Obit writers, a marvelous and trustworthy group of writers.)


    1983: In Los Angeles, Lynn and Richard Garfield gave birth to actor Andrew Garfield whose “paternal grandparents were from Jewish immigrant families who had moved to London from Eastern Europe (Poland, Russia, and Romania), and whose family surname was originally "Garfinkel".


    1985: Israel ships 96 TOWs to Iran on behalf of the US.  The TOW missiles were shipped as part of an arms deal that became known as Iran Contra.


    1985: The New York Timesfeatures a review (see below) of Jerusalem: Rebirth of a City by Martin Gilbert, a first rate book by a first rate author and historian. There is no such thing as “a bad” Martin Gilbert book since the works of this author range from very good to great.


    No city in the world can have captured more imaginations and stirred more hearts over the centuries than Jerusalem. No city, in the 19th century, was more liable to provoke comments on the dismal contrast between past and present, between the image and the reality. A stream of visitors recorded their impressions of the prevailing torpor, the poverty, the filth, the squalid squabbles between different races and religious communities. In 1838, the year Martin Gilbert chooses to open his chronicle of Jerusalem's reviving fortunes, the American biblical scholar Edward Robinson, one of the earliest archeologists to work in the city, lamented - with good reason - that ''the glory of Jerusalem has indeed departed.'' From its ''ancient high estate'' it had declined into ''the neglected capital of a petty Turkish province,'' with a population of fewer than 16,000 (5,000 Muslim Arabs, 3,000 Christian Arabs, 6,000 Jews, a Turkish garrison, a small colony of European traders and missionaries). At the end of the century, which is where Mr. Gilbert closes his account, guidebooks were still stressing the stagnation and decay, and most travelers were still recording their disappointment or distaste. Theodor Herzl, visiting the city for the first time in 1898, wrote in his diary that ''when I remember thee in days to come, O Jerusalem, it will not be with delight.'' He wished that it were possible to tear down everything except the sacred sites and begin all over again. Yet for over half a century important changes had in fact been taking place in the city, changes that were gradually to draw it back into the mainstream of history. While Mr. Gilbert bases much of his survey on the rich range of literature in which visitors recorded their impressions, his central theme is the slow transformation that was already in progress, but which most visitors underestimated or failed to appreciate. In some ways 1839 would have made a more appropriate starting point. In that year a British vice consul took up residence - the only foreign diplomat in the city, though before long the appointment prompted other powers to show the flag. Russian and French consulates were established in 1841; an Anglican bishopric was created the same year; in due course Germans, Austrians and Italians made their presence felt, the Germans in particular. An American consul was appointed in 1857 and promptly found himself embroiled in a dispute with the local Turkish commander, who refused to arrange a 21-gun salute on the Fourth of July on the grounds that such honors ought to be reserved for monarchies, not mere republics. (The consul eventually carried the day.) The diplomatic campaigns were generally accompanied by an increase in missionary work, which inevitably became a fresh cause of dissension in a city already riven by conflicts - often violent ones - not only between Christian, Moslem and Jew but between a multitude of subgroups and separate denominations. The religious life of the city was both colorful and intense, but it all too often reminds you of Jonathan Swift's remark that we have just enough religion to make us hate, but not to love one another. Of the major religious groupings, it was the Jews who recorded the largest gain in numbers during the period Mr. Gilbert covers. By 1896 Jerusalem had a population of 45,000, of whom 28,000 were Jewish and the rest divided almost equally between Moslems and Christians. Although Sephardi immigrants from many different parts of the world, including Yemen and Bukhara, had settled in the city, the Ashkenazim, who had been in a minority 60 years earlier, now predominated. Most Ashkenazim came from Eastern Europe, most of them were still rigidly orthodox, and heavily dependent on charity from Jews living abroad. But since the days of Sir Moses Montefiore (who had paid his first visit to Palestine in 1827) there had been attempts to introduce social and educational reforms, and by the 1880's change - though it met with bitter resistance - was increasingly in the air. The Alliance Israelite Universelle of Paris played a particularly important part in sponsoring secular education and technical training. Meanwhile modern institutions and inventions had belatedly taken root in the city. The first printing press was established in 1840, the first hotel in 1843, the first bank in 1848. An overland telegraph was opened in 1865 (an Arab who threw his spear at it was sentenced to death for damaging Ottoman property and hanged from one of the posts). In 1892, the railroad finally made its appearance: a narrow-gauge, single-track line that wound its way up from Jaffa. By normal 19th-century standards, none of this progress was exactly spectacular, and contemporaries can surely be forgiven for emphasizing the unchanging, even the apparently moribund aspects of Jerusalem. It is only in retrospect that it is easy to discern in fairly modest developments the shape of major achievements and far-reaching conflicts to come. At the very end of the century, however, two interconnected events should have made it clear, even without the benefit of hindsight that history wasn't standing still. In 1898 Kaiser Wilhelm II visited Jerusalem, riding into the city through a triumphal arch on a black charger, in full ceremonial uniform. Theodor Herzl was there at the same time; he had come specially to meet him. A new and uncertain future was at hand. Mr. Gilbert has written a lively book, full of excellent quotations -roundly outspoken and often eloquent in the 19th-century manner - and providing glimpses of figures as diverse as Herman Melville and the future Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, along with many curious minor characters. It is also a handsome book, decked out with a large number of striking photographs 1988: In Chicago, The pastor of a black church told members of a Jewish congregation Friday night that the common backgrounds of the two groups should be remembered as the two communities reach toward common ground. "We forgot our histories," the Rev. George Riddick, executive vice president of Operation PUSH, told members of Congregation Kol Ami in the first-of-its-kind pulpit exchange.


    1991(9th of Elul, 5751): Lenore Strunsky Gershwin widow of Ira Gershwin passed away.  She was 90 years old at the time of her death.


    1991(9th of Elul, 5751):About three hours after the riots began, early on the morning of August 20, a group of approximately 20 young black men surrounded 29-year-old Australian Jew, Yankel Rosenbaum, a University of Melbourne student in the United States conducting research for his doctorate. They stabbed him several times in the back and beat him severely, fracturing his skull. Before being taken to the hospital, Rosenbaum was able to identify 16-year-old Lemrick Nelson, Jr. as his assailant in a line-up shown to him by the police. Rosenbaum died later that night. Nelson was charged as an adult with murder and acquitted. Later he was convicted in federal court of violating Rosenbaum's civil rights; Nelson eventually admitted that he had stabbed Rosenbaum


    1991:Approximately 500 mostly young blacks returned to the scene” of the accident in Crown Heights where Gavin Cato had died. “Vehicles were set ablaze, a shoe store was ransacked, and reporters and photographers were beaten.


    1993: After rounds of secret negotiations in Norway, the Oslo Peace Accords were signed.  A more public signing ceremony would take place in Washington in September of 1993.


    1998: Journalist Seymour “Hersh strongly criticized the destruction of the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory, the largest pharmaceutical factory in Sudan—providing about half the medicines produced in Sudan—by United States cruise missiles during Bill Clinton's presidency.”


    1998(28th of Av, 5758): Eighty-eight year old Fred Sington, an All-American Tackle at Alabama where he was a member of ZBT and an outfielder for the Washington Senators and Brooklyn Dodgers passed away today.
    http://www.bhamwiki.com/w/Fred_Sington


    1999: The 7th World Championships in Athletics in which Aleksandr Valeryevich Averbukh placed third in the Pole Vault representing Israel opened today in Seville, Spain.


    2000: The New York Timesbook section featured reviews of Touching Peace: From the Oslo Accord to a Final Agreement by Yossi Beilin, Cruel Banquet: The Life and Loves of Frida Strindberg by Monica Strauss and Dream Stuff, a collection of nine short stories by David Malouf, the Australian author with the Lebanese Christian father and the Sephardic Jewish mother.


    2001(1st of Elul, 5761): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    2002: The Jerusalem Postreported that the Hebrew University archeologist Dr. Eila Mazar's 120-page The Complete Guide to the Temple Mount Excavations has just been translated into English. The new comprehensive guide describes the site's 3,000 years of history.


    2002(12th of Elul, 5762): Nineteen year old Staff Sargent Kevin Cohen of Petah Tikva was murdered by a Palestinian sniper.


    2002(12th of Elul, 5762): Eighty-year old philanthropist Lillian Goldman, the widow of Sol Goldman passed away today. (As reported by Paul Lewis)



    2004: The initial public offering by Google which was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin took place today.


    2004(3rd of Elul, 5764): Eighty-two year old Safed born prize winning Israeli author and MK Moshe Shamir passed away today. (Editor’s note – The NYT would appear to have been in error.  Shamir died about a month before his 83rdbirthday.




     


    2004:A Walking tour today styled ''Emma Lazarus and the Jewish Heritage of Washington Square'' passes the former home of Emma Lazarus, the Triangle Shirt Waist Factory and the Hanging Elm of Washington Square Park.


    2005(14th of Av, 5765): Abraham S. Goldstein, an influential scholar of criminal law and former dean of the Yale Law School, died of a heart attack at his home in Woodbridge, Connecticut. Goldstein taught at the Law School for almost 50 years and was, at the time of his death, Sterling Professor Emeritus of Law and Professorial Lecturer in Law. He was 80.


    2005:  The evacuation of settlers and their supporters from Gaza halted because of the Shabbat.  The evacuations which are part of a bold move by Prime Minister Sharon to bring peace to the region while improving the geo-political position of Israel is slated to end on Tuesday.


    2006(26th of Av, 5766): Eighty-four year old labor economist and Holocaust survivor Jacob Mincer passed away today. (As reported by Louis Uchitelle)




    2006: The Sunday New York Times book section includes a review of I Feel Bad About My Neck: And Other Thoughts on Being a Woman by Nora Ephron.


    2006: The Chicago Tribune reported that Clara Ambrus-Baire, a woman whose family shielded Jews in Budapest hadreceived a “Righteous Among the Nations Award.”  The award is presented to people who risked their lives to save Jews during the Holocaust. It is the highest honor bestowed on non-Jews by Israel, with 21,310 recipients as of January 2006. Ambrus-Baer was 19 when the Germans invaded Budapest in 1944. Her family turned its home into a haven for Jews hiding from the Nazis. "I never expected this," said Ambrus-Baer, 81 and living in Buffalo. "I didn't want to get praised for what I did. I took it for normal that somebody saves people's lives."


    2006: Kohenet, the Hebrew Priestess Institute launched its first training institute in Accord, NY. (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archives)


    2007: “The Facebook Effect” is Newsweek Magazine’s cover story.  The story describes how 23 year old “Mark Zuckerberg has already changed the way millions of us connect.  How he’s facing a challenge; how to turn an online obsession into a fixture of he digital age”  If the pundits and prophets are correct, Zuckerberg will join the likes of Einstein and Freud as one who has brought a sea change in the course of Western, if not world, Civilization.


    2007: In an article favorably evaluating the performance of Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke, The New York Times included the following. “But to understand Mr. Bernanke’s worldview, one must go back to his hometown, Dillon, S.C., which sits athwart Interstate 95 about halfway between North Jersey and South Florida. Dillon is known as the home of South of the Border, the Tijuana-themed tourist stop and a Mecca of American roadside kitsch. Mr. Bernanke, 53, grew up in Dillon in the 1950s and ’60s, the son of the local pharmacist and a member of one of the few Jewish families in the largely agricultural region. He says his home was the only kosher household in a 50-mile radius. His mother had meat delivered from a butcher in Charlotte, N.C., where his parents live now. Being a member of a minority taught him about discrimination and prejudice. “There was more than one request to see my horns,” he said years later. He also watched the struggles of small farmers, who drove mule-drawn carts down the main street of town and had trouble paying their bills even in good years. His father granted credit for purchases at the drugstore, keeping records on small cards he kept in a drawer. Many of the debts were never repaid. As Mr. Bernanke grew older, the textile mills that had supported the area closed and moved overseas in search of cheap labor. Mr. Bernanke worked construction jobs and waited on tables at South of the Border during the summer while an undergraduate at Harvard University. “I was impressed by these experiences,” Mr. Bernanke said last fall at a ceremony in his honor on the steps of the neoclassical courthouse in Dillon, “and I think they were an important reason I went into economics, which a great economist once called the study of people in the ordinary business of life.”


    2007:A database with millions of documents from more than 50 concentration camps and prisons - which include books recording Jewish deaths, transportation lists and medical reports - was handed over to Yad Vashem Holocaust Martyrs and Heroes Remembrance Authority and Washington's Holocaust Memorial Museum. "These documents reflect the most despicable operations of the Nazi era and constitute an essential part of our archive," said International Tracing Service (ITS) director Reto Meister during the official handover at the Washington museum.


    2008:After a disappointing run for Israel in the Beijing Olympics, windsurfer Shahar Zubari finally gave Israelis a reason to cheer. Zubari won the bronze medal at today's Neil Pryde finals, Israel's first medal at the 2008 games, after arriving in second place in the final race.


    2008: The New York Times included a review of The Grift by Debra Ginsberg.


    2008:About 50 rabbis in charge of supervising the kosher slaughter and processing of meat at the Agriprocessors Inc. plant in Postville walked off the job today to protest recent pay cuts.


    2008: A former Agriprocessors Inc. supervisor pleaded guilty today to helping his employer hire illegal immigrants.


    2008:The decision by Perth Magistrate Barbara Lane today to allow the extradition of Karoly (Charles) Zentai to Hungary to stand trial for the murder of Jewish teenager Peter Balazs in Budapest on November 8, 1944, paves the way for an unprecedented, historic victory for Holocaust justice in Australia. 2009: Rosh Chodesh Elul (First Day)


    2009: The final of a 3 part series of security briefings for leaders of Jewish institutions in Northern Virginia sponsored by ADL, JCRC & the Jewish Federation Learn featuring presentations y Local Police District Commanders, FBI Senior Personnel, and national Jewish security experts about the latest threats to Jewish communal security and how to be prepared takes place at Congregation Ahavat Israel (Fairfax Chabad) in Fairfax, VA.


    2009:In a video-taped message to be screened today at a rally to be held at Rabbi Reuven Elbaz's Or Hachaim Yeshiva in Jerusalem,  Shas mentor Rabbi Ovadia Yosef lashes out at the Supreme Court for rejecting former minister Shlomo Benizri's appeal to shorten his four-year prison sentence for corruption charges. In the taped message which can be described as somewhere between inflammatory and incendiary, the rabbi declares, "The courts are twisted and the judges don't believe in anything. They are apostates."


    2009:Today the High Court of Justice rejected a petition accusing the Company for Location and Restitution of Holocaust Victims Assets of breaking the law by allocating funds to organizations that were not solely dedicated to the welfare of Holocaust survivors.


    2009(30th of Av, 5769): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    2009(30th of Av, 5769): Controversial Israeli entertainment personality Dudu Topaz took his own life today.


    2010: U.S. premiere of “The Switch” a comedy by Allan Loeb and co-starring Jeff Goldblum


    2010: "A Film Unfinished" Directed by Yael Harsonski is scheduled to premiere at the Lincoln Plaza Cinema in New York City.


    2010: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas have been invited to Washington to begin direct peace talks on Sept. 2, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said during a press conference today. The meeting will serve to "re-launch direct negotiations to resolve all final status issues which we believe we can complete in one year," Clinton said.


    2010:Harvard University said Friday that it had found a prominent researcher, Marc Hauser, “solely responsible” for eight instances of scientific misconduct. Hauser is the son of French Jew who survived the Holocaust.


    2011: Senator Joe Lieberman is scheduled to attend Glen Beck’s Restoring Courage rally in Jerusalem. A self-proclaimed supporter of Israel, Beck has also compared Reform Rabbis to Islamic radicals.


    2011(20th of Av, 5771): Eighty-seven year old, Dr. William B. Kannel, the cardiologist was the director of the Framingham Heart Study, passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    2011(20th of Av, 5771): Eighty-seven year old Rafael Halperin who gained fame as “The Rasslin Rabbi” before founding Optica Halperin, “the largest eyeglass store chain In Israel.”



    2011: Gabriella Elizabeth Thalblum (Gavriella Elisheva) was called to the Torah as a Bat Mitzvah at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA. This very intelligent and poised young Jewess is the daughter of Rabbi Todd and Sabrina Thalblum.  A lover of music and dance, this seventh grader speaks English with that charming drawl she acquired while living in Texas. She did a marvelous job.


    2011: A musical Havdalah service followed by a performance by Emilio Estevez is scheduled to take place at the Sixth & I Historic Synagogue in Washington, DC.


    2011: Hamas announced early today they were no longer committed to a more than two-year de facto truce with Israel since the end of a war in early 2009.


    2011: A Grad rocket directly struck a home in the southern city of Be'er Sheva tonight, killing one person and seriously wounding four. A number of others are being treated for shock. Another Grad rocket fired at Be'er Sheva was intercepted by the Iron Dome system. Also this evening, two children were lightly wounded when four Grad rockets landed in Ofakim. The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for the Be'er Sheva rocket attacks while Hamas claimed responsibility for the Ofakim rocket attacks. Rocket and mortar attacks took place throughout southern Israel on Saturday. Overall, around 50 Qassam rockets, Grad missiles and mortar shells have been fired at southern Israel from the Gaza Strip since Thursday evening, wounding 16 people. Earlier today, one person was lightly wounded by a rocket that landed in an open area near Be'er Sheva, while seven others received medical attention either for sustaining wounds while seeking shelter, or for shock. Throughout the day, a number of rockets and mortar shells landed in the Eshkol and Sha'ar Hanegev regions.Two rockets also fell in the Be'er Tuvia Regional Council, and another near the city of Ashkelon. No injuries or damage were reported.


    2011: Egypt's ambassador to Israel will remain in the country, Foreign Ministry officials said this evening, as the diplomatic crisis vis-à-vis Cairo in the wake of Thursday's terror attacks appeared to be waning.


    2012: The KlezKanada Laurentian Retreat, which this year will be dedicated to the memory of Adrienne Cooper z”l is scheduled to begin today.


    2012: The Nazareth Orchestra is scheduled to perform at Hazan Hall this evening. The orchestra, “conducted by Dr. Nizar Raduwan, will celebrate the 100th anniversary of Egyptian diva Asmahane with the beloved songs of Umm Kulthum, Asmahane and Layla Morad performed by orchestra soloist Hiba Battihish and Rula Azar, who will be performing with the orchestra for the first time.”


    2012: University heads are seeking the reversal of a July decision in favor of granting university status to Ariel’s academic institute, filing a petition with the High Court of Justice to that effect Monday.


    2012: The Shin Bet (Israel Security Agency) and IDF, uncovered and indicted a cell of four terrorists belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), the Shin Bet released for publication today.


    2013: German Chancellor Angela Merkeil is scheduled to visit Dachau today “making her Berlin’s first leader to travel to the former Nazi concentration camp. (As reported Lazar Berman)


    2013: The Kraemer and Ciment clans gather in Little Rock, AR as they prepare to celebrate a simcha that will unite two of their young adults in marriage.


    2013: Israeli officials criticized UN Secretary-General Ban Kimoon today for backtracking on his admission last week in Jerusalem that “there was bias and discrimination against Israel at the UN.”(As reported by Herb Keinon)


    2013: The United States said today it "strongly condemns" comments from Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan blaming Israel for the military coup and ensuing crisis gripping Egypt (As reported by Michael Wilner)


    2013: Tzipi Livini, Israel’s chief negotiator predicted today that peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians “will result in dramatic Israeli decisions.” (As reported by Herb Keinon and khaled Abu Toameh)


    2014: “Young Israeli clarinetist and saxophonist, Anat Cohen, celebrated in Brazil as a virtuoso player of "choro" music is scheduled perform at the New York premiere of her "Choro Aventoroso" band at 54 Below.


    2014: Hamas's "military wing" warned foreign airlines today against flying into Tel Aviv, threatening to step up its six-week conflict with Israel after firing more than 100 rockets on Israeli civilians and pulling out of peace talks.  "We are warning international airlines and press them to stop flying into Ben Gurion airport from 6 am (0300 GMT) Thursday," Al Qassam Brigades spokesman Abu Obeida stated today, in a televised speech.” (As reported byAFP and Arutz Sheva Staff)


    2014: “As a result of the renewed rocket fire, the Barzilai Medical Center in Ashkelon announced new-borns would be transferred to sheltered areas for their protection.”


    2014: Shortly after 11:00 p.m., sirens were heard in the vicinity of Ashdod as well as in Sderot and the Sha'ar Hanegev Regional Council in response to the on-going rocket barrage from Gaza which earlier in the day had included an attack on the Israeli gas installation in the Mediterranean.


    2015: Today, “the IDF deployed the Iron Dome missile defense system near the port city of Ashdod.”


    2015:  At The Temple Emanu-El Skirball Center, Rabbi Lawrence Hoffman, the editor of the multi-volume series “Prayers of Awe” is scheduled to “the fascinating history of Avinu Malkeinu, one of the best known prayers of the High Holiday liturgy.


    2015: Four rockets fired from Syrian “hit Israel this afternoon in the Upper Galilee region in the north near the Lebanese bored after ‘color red’ warning sires were sounded in the area.”


    2015: In “Israel’s Other Existential Threat Comes From Within” published today Hilik Bar a deputy speaker of the Israeli Knesset and the secretary general of the Labor Party provided his view of political conditions in his country.



    2015: The Women’s Leadership Committee of the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host the “Intimate Illusions Summer Benefit” in Chicago, Illinois.


    2015: A visitation is scheduled to take place at Temple Judah in memory of Joan Lipsky.



    2016(16th of Av, 5776): Parashat Vaetchanan – Shabbat Nachamu;


    2016(16th of Av, 5776): One hundred one year old composer Irving Fields passed away today.(As reported by Joseph Berger)



    2016: “Murmurs and Incantations” which “tells the story of a gay New York performance artist with creative block who fatefully travels to Poland in an attempt to revive his art career, only to be further confounded by the disapproving ghost of his grandfather, a rabbi killed in the Holocaust” is scheduled to open in New York City.


    2016: In Memphis, TN, Temple Israel is scheduled to host a “Pancakes and Prayer Shabbat Service and Breakfast.


    2016: In New Orleans, LA, Gates of Prayer is scheduled to mark the end of Shabbat with a Brotherhood Havdalah and Saints Pre-season game watch.


    2017(28th of Av): Yarhrzeit for Larry Rosenstein, of blessed memory, husband of Judy Levin Rosenstein, of blessed memory.  Gone to soon but always remembered! 


    2017(28th of Av, 5777): Ninety-one year old multi-talented funny man Jerry Lewis passed away today.




    2017: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Wrestling With His Angel: The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln, Volume II, 1849-1856 by Sidney Blumenthal, Freud: The Making of an Illusion by Frederick Crews, The Unwomanly Face of War: An Oral History of Women in World War II by Svetlana Alexievich and the recently released paperback edition of The Chosen Ones by Steve Sem-Sandberg.


    2017: Cantor Jennifer Bern-Vogel and singer-songwriter Dan Bern along with friends Karla Goettel, soprano, Steve Vosatka, piano; singer-songwriter Sam Weis, Lena Gilbert, actors Megan and Steve Ginsberg and others are scheduled to present a memorial concert featuring music and poetry in memory of Marianne Bern, pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community.


    2017: As the school year beings at the University of Iowa, Hillel is scheduled to host a Bagel Brunch.


    2018: “The Guy Mintus Tiro,” led by the Israeli band leader…who will mix his originals with Israeli classics” is scheduled to perform at the Rockwood Music Hall.


    2018: As part of “The Lunar Legends series” Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to host a performance of “The Tale of Two Cats.”


    2018: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Damascus Cover,” a film centering around Mossad agents.


     


     


     


     


     


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    August 21


    1165: Birthdate of Philip II Augustus, the French king who first imprisoned his Jewish subjects; then extorted ransom from them before banning them from Paris and its environs.


    1321: Jews in France were accused of encouraging lepers to poison Christian wells. This directly led to the graver accusations of the same kind during the Black Plague. This time, five thousand Jews were killed. At Chinon, 160 Jews were burned in a pit on an island outside of town. Eventually the King, Philip the Tall, admitted that the Jews were innocent. The island is still known as Ile de Juifs (Island of the Jews).


    1379: In Spain, Fernan Martin, King John’s executioner accompanied by Don Zulema Solmon and Don Zag Isaac, went to the home of Joseph Pinchon, Martin beheaded Pinchon per the order of the king.  Because of the scandal surrounding the event it led to the repeal of Jewish jurisdiction in criminal cases in Castile


    1486: Volume II of a Mahzor, using the Roman Rite was printed for the first time at Casal Maggiore, Italy.


    1569: Cosimo I de' Medici, who had invited the Jews to settle in Tuscany but who also gave in to pressure from the Pope to burn the Talmud, became Grand Duke of Tuscany today.


    1669: “The priest of the Russian church made a complaint against the Jews of Brest for reconverting to Judaism a baptized Jewess of the name of Judith, whose baptismal name was Anastasia, a daughter of Shemuel, at one time leaseholder of taxes.”


    1684: In response to a letter from the Dutch commander of Essequibo and Pomeroon explaining that the trade in vanilla had come to an end because of the death of a Jew named Salomon de la Roche, representatives of the Dutch West India company wrote “As to the vanilla trade, which we recommend you carry on for the company, where you answer us saying this trade has come to an end through the death of a Jew, Salomon de la Roche...a meager and poor excuse.” This correspondence is one example of the important role that Jews played in the vanilla trade.


    1770: Marcus Herz, the German Jewish physician and philosopher traveled Berlin to Königsberg so he could as respondent when Emmanuel Kant presented his inaugural dissertation at the University of Königsberg


    1775: Daher el-Omar who ruled the Galilee as an autonomous region during the days of the Ottoman Empire passed away today.


    1811: Birthdate of Joseph Derenbourg, or Joseph Naftali Derenburg, Franco-German author, historian and a prime mover in the rehabilitation of Jewish education in France


    1811: Barnet Joseph married Elizabeth Emanuel at the Great Synagogue today.


    1820(11th of Elul, 5580): Haim Farhi who known as the Hakham Haim, a prominent Palestinian Jewish leader in the days of the Ottoman Empire passed away.


    1822: In Badan, marriage of Marx and Henriette Oppenheimer.


    1829: Birthdate of Otto Moritz David Goldschmidt “a German composer, conductor and pianist, known for his piano concertos and other piano pieces” who “married the ‘Swedish Nightingale’, soprano Jenny Lind.” He passed away in 1907.


     


    1835: Parliament passes the Sheriff’s Declaration Bill which allowed Jews to hold the ancient and important office of Sheriff. Passage of this bill was an intermediate step in Parliamentary efforts to pass the so-called Jew Bill.


    1837: In Wollstein, Dr. Marcus Mosse, the son of Salomon Moses and Henriette (Jette) Marcus Levin and Ulrike Mosse gave birth to Salomon Mosse


    1837: “Mr. Hart Lyon presented a Sefer Torah to the Kaal today.


    1839(11th of Elul, 5599): Sixty-year old to Zalegman Phillips the son of Jonas Phillips and Rebecca Machada, a successful lawyer and husband of Arabella Solomon whom he married when she was nineteen years old passed away today.


    1840: Persecution of the Jews of Damascus brought together Congregation B'nai Jesheran in New York City to declare: "Resolved, that we do most emphatically and solemnly deny, as well in our own name as in that of the whole Jewish people, that murder was ever committed by the Jews of Damascus, or those of any other part of the world for the purpose of using the blood or any part of a human being in the ceremonies of our religion."   U.S. President Van Buren instructed his officer at Constantinople to help the persecuted Jew of Damascus


    1850: David Cohen married Julia Nathan at the New Synagogue today.


    1850: John and Adelaide wed today at the West London Synagogue.


    1852:  Birthdate of British historian Arnold Toynbee.  Toynbee was baffled by the continued existence of the Jewish people whom he described as a fossil of history.  Not only was he baffled by the Jews continued existence, he did not approve of it either.


    1852(6th of Elul, 5612): Marchand Ennery passed away.  Born at Nancy in 1792 he studied Talmud under Baruch Guggenheim and at the rabbinical school of Herz Scheuer, in Mainz. He went to Paris, became teacher in the family of a wealthy coreligionist, and in 1819 was appointed director of the new Jewish school at Nancy. At this time he published his Hebrew-French lexicon, the first of its kind to appear in France. In 1829 he became chief rabbi of Paris; in 1846 chief rabbi of the Central Consistory; in 1850 chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He was succeeded as chief rabbi by Salomon Ulmann.


    1852: “Bohemia: A Visit to Prague” published today included a description of the current conditions and history of the Jews living in this ancient central European City.


    1859: Birthdate of Westmorland Davis who in 1919, while serving as Governor of Virginia “designated October 14 through October 24 as the days for the Jewish relief campaign and urged “citizens, irrespective of race or creed, to contribute liberally” to the Jewish relief campaign – a move that surely was not motivated by the “large number of Jewish voters in the Old Dominion.


    1860: The “Hebrew Son” is scheduled to be performed tonight at the New Bowery Theatre in New York City.


    1861: According to a report placed on board the steamer Saladin which is sailing from Kingston, Jamaica tonight for New York City, Commercial matters seem to become worse every day. Fresh failures are announced before people have time to recover the shock occasioned by previous ones. The greatest of all has been that of Mr. Lucas, a prince among the Jews, whose books, it is said, show a very unpleasant state of things for his creditors, and whose self is now non est inventus. There will, doubtless, be very great depression for a time in the trade of the country; but a conviction is felt that a crisis like the present was necessary to correct the fictitious and corrupt business that was for some time done here by a certain class of merchants, and that when the country has passed over the trials of the present ordeal, there will be a healthy state of things, and the prosperity indicated by our agriculture will be permanent and lasting.


    1862: Philadelphian Samuel B. Salsburg began serving a three year hitch with Company C of the 138th Regiment during which he was wounded during fighting at Monocacy, MD.


    1863: In describing his uneventful trip down the Mississippi River from St. Louis to New Orleans, the New York Timescorrespondent offers as proof the peaceful conditions that "This circumstance is shown by the crowds of civilians -- Jews and others -- who may be seen besieging the authorities at every point from Cairo to the Gulf, asking only the permission to bring in clothing, drugs, staples, to buy cotton, or, in short, do anything whereby they can realize quick sales and a thousand per cent profits. There are many long faces and much cursing, but all uselessly, for Gen. Grant will, so long as he can influence the matter, refuse to open trade at any point in his Department."


    1864(19th of Av, 5624): Isaac J. Levy (CSA) was killed in the trenches at Petersburg, He was 21 years old. Isaac is buried in the Hebrew Cemetery on Shockoe Hill in Richmond, in the Levy family plot.


    1864: “Turkey: The Missionary Difficulty at Constantinople” published today recounts the failure of the European missionaries to convert the locals. Citing information supplied by the Times of Londoncorrespondent in the Turkish capital the article reports that the efforts of missionaries - both English and American -"The influence of these preachings among the Jews and Greeks, with the exception of isolated cases, some of which do not bear much examination as regards the conviction and good faith of the proselytes, has been comparatively a failure."


    1865: As evidence of how the Jew’s Hospital is now serving the general population, a maid named Ellen Murray was rushed to the hospital for treatment after she was burned when trying to start a fire in a stove.  Unfortunately, “she suffered mortal injuries” and died at the hospital. The hospital, which would be re-named Mt. Sinai, came into general use during the Civil War when it was used to treat the Union soldiers wounded during McClellan’s ill-fated Peninsula Campaign in 1862.


    1866: In New York City, Esther Hellman Wallenstein and Solomon Wallenstein gave birth to Jennie Wallenstein Kohstamm, the oldest of their four children.


    1866: In New York City, Solomon and Jael Belais gave birth to David Belais


    1867: At the residence of the bride's parents, John Hart of 7 St Paul's Rd., Canonbury, son of Isaac Hart, married Maria Hannah, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Moses Angel of 1 King St., Finsbury. Moses Angel was the headmaster of the Jews Free School (JFS)


    1870: One day after he had passed away, three month old Frederick Louis Makower, the son of Moritz Makower and the former Jessie Isaac was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.


    1870: It was reported today that of the 31 chaplains serving with the Army of the Rhine, 3 of them are Jews.


    1871: It was reported today that Rabbi Elkan Herzman has been fired from his position at an Orthodox synagogue in Chicago for eating ice cream on the Jewish fast day of Tish’a B’Av. According to the report first published in the Jewish Times, the issue was not so much one of violating the law about the fast as one of hypocrisy.


    1871: It was reported today that of the 21 chaplains serving in the Army of the Rhine, 3 of them are Jews.


    1873: The Grand lodge of the Kesher She Barzel reopened this morning at Pythagoras Hall under the leadership of Grand Saar Rosenthal. 


    1874: It was reported today that Sol Mortiz, a prominent Jewish merchant from Indianapolis, Indiana has denied all the charges that he had an improper relationship with the 18 year old daughter and wife of George C. Harding.  Harding and Mortiz were friends but this did not keep the enraged newspaper proprietor from shooting the merchant several times. Moritz said he will prove his innocence once he has recovered from his wounds.


    1878: The London World published a commentary about the Earl of Beaconsfield’s (Benjamin Disraeli) religious beliefs and his plans for his burial.  According to a Jewish source, Beaconsfield will pull of the greatest surprise of his life by having himself buried beside his father at the “graveyard of the Jews at Mile-end.”  After all he had been baptized by trickery and “no Jew is ever sincere in renouncing” his religion. The correspondent for the World takes the opposite view and is sure that he will be “true to the religion of his knighthood” and will be content to be buried beside his wife instead of beside his father.


    1878: In Washington, DC, Simon Wolf served as chairman of a meeting attended by Jews who had gathered to raise money for southerners suffering from the current Yellow Fever Epidemic.  The meeting was poorly attended because of a lack of notice so only $180 was raised.


    1879: Justice Flammer sent  5 year old Liba and 2 year old Louis Wildever to a Jewish charitable institution after they were discovered along with their mother Sarah starving in a room on Franklin Street.  According to Mrs. Wildever, an immigrant from Russia, the children’s father (and her husband) and had deserted them.


    1879: An assignment for the benefit of creditors by Nathan Mayer, to Isaac D. Einstein, with $16,110 preferences was filed in the County Clerk’s office today


    1881: It was reported today that the Young Men’s Hebrew Union is planning to sponsor a concert in New York’s Washington Park.


    1882: It was reported today that Florence Templeton, the daughter of the banker John Templeton is engaged to marry Jack Springfield the adopted son of an Anglo-Jewish financier.


    1884(30th of Av, 5644): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1884: Alexander Labotsky, a Polish Jew was arrested today after his Frieda had charged him with abandonment.


    1884: It was reported today that Annie Lifcawitz, a young girl living in an apartment above the store owned by Solomon Ellinsohn was the first one to discover the fire that local ruffians had started.  Ellinsohn had complained to the police about these young ruffians terrifying people living on the Lower East Side, but the authorities had taken no action.


    1885: Dr. Cyrus Edson, Chief of the Second Sanitary division made another raid on the Jewish owned truck stores on the Lower East Side.  Edson and his staff seized “a half ton of bad fish and some unwholesome meat” along with seven boxes of fruits and vegetables.


    1887(1st of Elul, 5647): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1887: Birthdate of Levie Van Praag, the native of Zaandam, Holland and husband of Sabiena Cohen both of whom were murdered at Sobibor.


    1887: Three days after she had passed away, 78 year old Miriam Spyer, the widow of Lawrence Spyer with whom she had three children – Rachel, Frederick and Nathaniel – was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.


    1887: Abraham Trombitsky’s right leg was fractured during a melee that resulted when Patrolman John Etterick moved to disperse a crowd of Polish and Russian Jews at the corner of Hester and Ludlow Streets.


    1887: Three year old Ella Hortense Alberga, the daughter of Eugene Alberga and the former Celia Morrice was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.


    1887: “The Treaty of Berlin” published today described the multiple violations of this agreement including the persistent persecution of the 400,000 Jews of Romania “with the connivance of the Romanian Government”


    1887: “Old World News By Cable” published today described a letter from George Blyth, the Anglican Bishop of Jerusalem in which he reports that the Jewish population in Palestine has grown from 15,000 to 42,000 in the past few years and “that they are very friendly to him and his church.”


    1887(1st of Elul, 5647): In London, Israel Lipski was hanged at Newgate Prison after having been convicted of murdering Miriam Angel.


    1888: Congressman Ford’s Immigration Committee completed its hearings in New York and made plans to move on to Boston.  The thrust of the hearings is that immigrants, especially Jews from Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe, are responsible for depressing wages for American workers.


    1888: Henry Russell married Hannah de Lara at Paddington, London.


    1888: Funeral services will be held at one o’clock this afternoon for Marks Laski, a prominent Jewish merchant who had passed away unexpectedly with internment in Cypress Hill Cemetery. The 52 year old Laski arrived in New York from Poland in 1850 and entered into the wholesale dry goods business where he enjoyed enough success to become a prominent philanthropist.


    1889(24th of Av, 5649): A man thought to be Adolph Cohn a resident of the Hebrew Home for the Aged in New York City appeared to have jumped overboard as the Hoboken ferryboat Hopatcong was pulling into the slip at Christopher Street.  The identification is based on papers and memos that the man placed on the cabin floor just before jumping.


    1889: The 9th free excursion sponsored by the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children is scheduled to leave this morning at 9 o’clock.


    1889: Birthdate of Russian native Jacob J. Heller, “a vice president of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and author of two volumes of poetry – My Union, My Life and Moments of Meditation who was the husband of Rose Heller and father of Mrs. Gertrude Adler.


    1890(5th of Elul, 5650): Albert (Aaron) Siegfried Bettelheim, Hungarian born American Rabbi died at sea while returning to the United States from a visit to Europe.  Born in 1830, he led a rather colorful life before coming to the United States in 1867 where he had pulpits in Philadelphia, Richmond, San Francisco and finally in Baltimore, MD.  While in Richmond, he studied medicine but accepted a position in San Francisco rather pursue a medical career.  According to one source he was buried at sea under the supervision of two Catholic priests that Bettelheim had met on the voyage.  The clerics reportedly recited the Kaddish as the body was consigned to the depths. (As reported by Isidore Singer, et al)


    1891: The United States Commissioner of Immigration Owens visited the SS Slavonia at Lower Canton outside of Baltimore and examined the baggage and tickets of the fifty-one Jews detained by order of Inspector Davis. He decided that twelve of them could land because they had tickets to other parts of the United States and “a few dollars” (which meant they would not become public charges).


    1891: At the Barge Office, the Acting Superintendent of Immigration refused to honor the bond that Coroner Levy had come to post for ten Russian Jews who had been detained because it was believed “that they were liable to become public charges.”


    1892: The first train belonging to the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway reached Jerusalem today.


    1892: “The Old Dutch Farmhouse” described the fate of agriculture in Holland including that “enterprising Jews” have bought up the “heirlooms of the old “agricultural” families.


    1892: “Agriculture in Russia” published today reported that in Russia, “the Jews are blamed for avoiding agriculture and not wishing to live by the sweat of their brow;” but they are not allowed to settle outside of the Pale where there is arable land. 


    1893: “Literary Notes” published today described plans for the upcoming publication of The Settlement of the Jews in North Americaby Judge Charles P. Daly which will soon appear in Hebrew.


    1893: The Park Department has issued a permit allowing mass meeting of unemployed Jews to be held tonight in Union Square


    1893: “Light On Bible Records” published today provides a detailed review of The Sacred Books of the Old Testament including a Hebrew text and English translation edited by Paul Haput, a Professor at Johns Hopkins University.


    1893: Following last night’s meeting of the United Hebrew Trades during which a fight broke out between socialists and anarchists a saloon keeper at 162 Broadway in New York sent out circulars offering free food to unemployed workers.


    1893: Joseph Peel was held by authorities today while the veterinarian examined two dead horses owned by his former business partners, Feinberg and Cooper, to determine if they had been poisoned.  The three had been partners in Feinberg, Cooper & Peel, a vegetable peddling firm.  The two Orthodox Jews claimed that Peel threatened to poison the horses after they ended their relationship with him; a relationship that had begun when the two men let Peel join them even though he lacked any capital.


    1893: According to the New York Times the custom of throwing a slipper at wedding stems from a custom “ancient Jews had of handing over a shoe to complete a bargain” as demonstrated in the Book of Ruth.


    1894(19th of Av, 5654): Twenty-three year old Julius Marcus “a handsome and romantic young” Jews shot 17 year old Juliette Fournier, a French Protestant, through the heart and “then put a bullet in his temple.”


    1895: A list of bequests of the late Joseph Lewis published today included $100 for each of the following: Mount Sinai Hospital, Montefiore Home for Chronic Invalids, Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society, Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews and the United Hebrew Charities. 


    1896: “Successful Festival of District Grand Lodge No. 1 of Free Sons of Israel” published today described the successful fundraiser which raised several thousand dollars “to enlarge the fund of the order devoted to sick and distressed members.”


    1897: “In an article on an old Jewish Treasure House” that appeared in today’s issue of The Time’s Saturday Review, “an account was given of what might have been considered a charnel house of decayed literature.” In fact it was a description of the Geniza “of the old synagogue in Cairo.


    1897: “The Trouble At Jerusalem” published today described a dispute in that city over the distribution of funds from America.  The amount in question is approximately $500 which Rabbi Salant can given to “worthy poor Jews” regardless of their nationality.  The problem comes from the fact that American Jews living in Jerusalem incorrectly think that the money should be used to help them since it comes from the United States.


    1897: Birthdate of Berdichev native Albert Milton Mallin, who came to the United States in 1908 where he earned a bachelor’s degree at CCNY before going on to do post-graduate work at Columbia and teach in the New York City public schools.


    1899: Rehearsals of “The Children of the Ghetto” by Israel Zangwill will begin today in New York.


     


    1899” “For A Hebrew Sanitarium” published today described the successful package arranged by the guests of the Cedars that included a “surprise auction” which raised funds for the Hebrew Sanitarium of Rockaway, NY.


    1899: A summary of the report showing the July activity of the United Hebrew Charities published today showed 1,623 applications for aid had been received which affected the lives of 5,410 people. The society received donations of $8,640.55 but spend $11,085.58 in providing aid and assistance.


    1903: Herzl reported on the Uganda offer and the Russian journey to the Greater Actions Committee at Basle


    1905(20th of Av, 5665): French-German Assyriologist Julius Oppert passed away. Born in 1825 at Hamburg, he studied at Heidelberg, Bonn and Berlin, before graduating at Kiel in 1847. In 1848, Oppert went to France, where he was teacher of German at Laval and at Reims. In his spare time he continued his Oriental studies which he had begun while living in German. In 1851, he joined the French archaeological mission to Mesopotamia and Media under Fulgence Fresnel. On his return in 1854, he was naturalized as a French citizen in recognition of his services. He occupied himself with analyzing the results of the expedition, with special attention to the cuneiform inscriptions he had collected. During 1855, he published Écriture Anarienne, advancing the theory that the language spoken originally in Assyria was Turanian (related to Turkish and Mongolian), rather than Aryan or Semitic in origin, and that its speakers had invented the cuneiform writing system. Although the classification of the "Casdo-Scythian" inscriptions as Turanian would later be rejected by scholars, research would confirm Oppert in his identification of the distinctness of the Sumerian language (as he renamed it in 1869) and the origin of its script.During 1856 he published Chronologie des Assyriens et des Babyloniens. During 1857, he was appointed professor of Sanskrit and comparative philology in the school of languages connected with the National Library of France, and in this capacity he produced his Grammaire Sanscrite (1859). But his attention was chiefly given to Assyrian and cognate subjects. His account of the Fresnel mission and the results of his consequent study were published as Expédition Scientifique en Mésopotamie (1859-1863), with the second volume entitled Déchiffrement des inscriptions cunéiformes. During 1865 he published a history of Assyria and Chaldaea (Histoire des Empires de Chaldée et d'Assyrie) in the context of new archaeological findings. His Assyrian grammar, Éléments de la grammaire assyrienne, was published in 1868. During 1869 Oppert was appointed professor of Assyrian philology and archaeology at the College de France. During 1876, Oppert began to focus on the antiquities of ancient Media and its language, writing Le Peuple et la langue des Médes (1879). During 1881, he was admitted to the Academy of Inscriptions and in 1890, he was elected to its presidency.


    1906(30th of Av, 5666): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1906:  Birthdate of Kansas City native Fritz Frelang one of the great cartoon animators who worked at Warner Brothers for over thirty years and was the man behind such icons as Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig and Yosemite Sam to name but a few and was also the husband of Lily Freleng




    1911: Following the outbreak of anti-Semitic riots in New South Wales, the British Home Secretary assured local Jewish leaders that no precautions would be overlooked by the civil and military authorities to prevent a recurrence of such outbreaks.


    1911: Dedication of Temple Ahavath Israel in Trenton, NJ.


    1911: The invitations for the wedding of John Nathan Levine of Waterville, Maine, a former Yale football player “were received” in New York City today.


     


    1913: Closing arguments in the Leo Frank case began today.


    1914: In Vienna Dora Angel and her first husband Otto Soyka gave birth to Hedwig Soyka


    1915: Birthdate of Sir Joshua Abraham Hassan, the first mayor and chief minister of Gibraltar.


    1915: According to a report received in London from Petrograd, “owing to the occupation by the Germans of a great part of the pale of Jewish settlements and the inclusion of the remainder in the sphere of military operations, the condition of the Jews is critical.”


    1916: The Jewish Academicians of America whose members included Bernard Drachman, David I. Macht, Georges Bacarat, J.D. Eisenstein and Meyer Waxman was organized today in New York City.


    1917: After winning his two professional bouts featherweight Danny Frush lost for the first time today.


    1917: It was reported today that the “Committee of Dutch Jews that has been formed in Amsterdam under the Chairmanship of Frederick Solomon Van Nierop, President of the Amsterdamsche Bank in Amsterdam” will work with Dr. Boris Bogen and Max Senior, American representatives the Joint Distribution Committee to distribute funds “transmitted from America for the relief of Jews in the warring countries. (Editor Note – the Netherlands was neutral in WW I which made them a good conduit for sending money to European Jews from the United States now that the U.S. was a belligerent)


    1917: Birthdate of Leonid "Leo" Hurwicz the Polish born American economist and mathematician who won the Nobel Prize at the age of 90 – making him the oldest person to do this.


    1918: The Second Battle of the Somme, the offensive that would lead to the end of WW I and in which Sir John Monash played a leading role began today.


    1918: It was reported today the Secretary of Navy has issued a general order granting furloughs to Jewish sailors so that they can observe the high holy days which fall on September 7, 8, 14 and 15 which “a similar order has been issued by the War Department granting furloughs to Jewish soldiers in this country, in the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Panama and when possible on the Western Front.


    1919: Today, The Committee on Public Information for which Walter Wanger made short propaganda films designed “to combat anti-war or pro-German sentiment in Allied Italy” and for which Edward Bernays served of its Latin News Service “was formally disestablished by an act of Congress”


    1921: Birthdate of Reuven Feuerstein the Romanian born Israeli clinical, developmental, cognitive psychologist who is renowned for his theory of intelligence which states “it is not ‘fixed’, but rather modifiable”.



    1921: Birthdate of Ruth Charlotte Barcan Marcus, “a philosopher esteemed for her advances in logic, a traditionally male-dominated subset of a traditionally male-dominated field…” (As reported by Margalit Fox)


    1921: A Sephardic organization which was to include all Sephardic Jews from around the world was founded in Madrid. It planned to defend Jewish interests everywhere.  


    1922: “Luise Millerin” a “silent historical film” featuring Fritz Kortner (born Fritz Nathan Kohn) and Reinhold Schunzel was released today in Germany.


    1922: An appeal signed by Samuel Gompers, President, and eight Vice Presidents of the American Federation of Labor was issued today to organized labor, urging the fullest moral and financial support of the railroad shopmen now on strike.


    1925:Tumultuous scenes occurred at the Zionist Congress when Vladimir Jabotinsky, founder of the Jewish Legion, which fought together with the British Army in Palestine during the war, took the floor. When the majority gave Jabotinsky permission to continue his speech after his time limit had expired, the Labor groups renewed their protest.”


    1926: In Gelsenkirchen, Germany, Dawid Buschell and Miriam-Manya Zuckermann gave birth to Ben-Zion Büschel who has family moved to Palestine in 1933 where he gained fame as Israeli composer Ben-Zion Orgad


    1928: “The Big Pond” the first play to be produced by Edwin H. Knopf” with a cast that included Kenneth MacKenna was scheduled to open at the Bijou Theatre today.


    1928: Two days after they had passed away, Fanny (Jacobs) Michaels and her husband Max Michaels were buried at the Wilesden Jewish Cemetery.


    1932: Birthdate of Menashe Kadishman, the native of Tel Aviv who became a renowned, award winning sculptor and painter.




    1933:Dr. Nahum Sokolow, president of the World Zionist Organization, asserted in opening the eighteenth world Zionist congress in Prague tonight that as a result of the persecutions in Germany the Jewish question must be brought before the international forum and fugitives must find a refuge in Palestine.


    1935: Speaking in Lucerne, Switzerland, David Ben-Gurion, Palestine labor leader, accused the British Government today of having committed "robbery" by artificially cutting the immigration quota of Jews seeking to enter Palestine.


    1935: The “swing era” of the Big Band Sound starts when Jewish Jazz clarinet player performs at the Palomar Theatre in Los Angeles.


    1936: “Sing, Baby, Sing” a musical staring Gregory Ratoff, Tony Martin and the Ritz Brothers was distributed today in the United States by 20th Century Fox.


    1936: “Synagogues and Jewish Temples in St. Paul announced special prayers would be said tonight” for the recovery of Governor Floyd B. Olson who has been hospitalized at Mayo Clinic.


    1936: It was reported today that “the whole story of the sudden death of Captain Wolfgang Fuerstner has come to light and that contrary to the original reports he had actually committed suicide in his home “after he had been informed of his dismissal from active military service because he had Jewish Blood.”


    1936: Tel Aviv Mayor Meier Dizengoff charged the British government with “playing a ‘diabolical game’ in handling its mandate over Palestine.  He told the British High Commissioner for Palestine that evidence showed the (British) administration was blocking the Jewish National Home.”  He was especially critical of the government’s behavior during the latest wave of Arab violence which has “introduced demoralization, anarchy and lawlessness into the country…”


    1936: Thirty-nine year old Louis Billig a native of London, “a noted Islamic scholar and lecturer in Arabic was found shot to death at his home where authorities believe he was murdered “by terrorists as he sat as his study table.”


    1936(3rd of Elul, 5696): Arab gunmen attacked a car filled with five Jews traveling towards Tel Aviv.  Seventeen year old Shoshana Laznicki was wound in the attack and three other Jews were killed by the Arabs.


    1937: The Toronto Daily Star reported that Lou Herman will be appearing on a new program, the “Jewish Variety Hour” along with his three sisters who perform as a trio.


    1937: The General Zionist Council Executive meeting in Zurich composed of both Zionist and non-Zionist members authorized the Jewish Agency's Executive to seek the establishment of a Jewish state and to try to arrange a Jewish-Arab conference to discuss the matter.


    1937(14th of Elul, 5697): Sixty-six year old Élie Halévy the French historian who was part of a distinguished Franco-Jewish family passed away today.


    1937: A watchtower was built at Sha’ar Ha-Golan today.



    1937: The Hon. Cyril Asquith, in a letter to The Times of London wrote that the pledges given to Jews by the British government explicitly promised to establish a Jewish state in the whole of Palestine. He explained that after the separation of Transjordan, the offer made to Jews under the Royal (Peel) Commission Report granted them less than 10 percent of the country's territory.


    1938: Italy banned Jews from teaching in public and high-schools.


    1938: Thirty Jewish refugees from Austria arrived in Shanghai today, amidst reports that untold numbers more were on their way which would swell the Chinese city’s growing refugee population that include a large number of Jews from “Greater Gerrmany.”


    1939: As Stalin maneuvers between the Germans on the one hand and the Poles, Brits and French, he ended talks with the latter about military cooperation and secretly agreed to the German’s “proposed non-aggression pact that would place half of Poland (east of the Vistula river), Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Bessarabia in the Soviets' sphere of influence.” (The War and the Shoah were almost upon us.)


    1939: When the World Zionist Congress reconvened its plenary session this morning Joshua Suprasky, leader of Group B of the General Zionists, one of the minority parties, announced that his party had decided to abstain from further participation


    1940: Aaron Jean-Marie Lustiger, the son of Ashkenazi Jews who would become Archbishop of Paris was baptized today.


    1940: Junior Hadassah, the Young Women's Zionist Organization of America will award gold keys to forty-one members at the seventeenth annual convention which begins this evening in Chicago


     


    1940(17th of Av, 5700): Leon Trotsky dies as a result of wounds suffered on August 20th at the hands of an assassin working for Stalin. Born Lev Davidovich Bronstein in 1879, Trotsky was the son of a Jewish farmer from Odessa (Russia). Believing there was no future for the Jewish people as a people, he became a contemporary of Lenin's, helping him with his publication of Iskra (Spark). He was exiled and arrested many times before the revolution. Trotsky played an important role in the Communist government and only after Lenin's death did Stalin expel him from the party. He was exiled in 1928 first to Turkey, then Norway, and finally Mexico. Trotsky’s Jewish origins helped buttress the claims of anti-Semites that Communism was part of Jewish conspiracy.  At the same time, Trotsky Jewish origins were used by Stalin to demonize his opponents in the Soviet Union.


    1940: Those being held at Gurs because they were sympathetic to the Nazis were released today, the same day on which the German inspection team arrived at what would become a French concentration camp for Jews.


    1940: Étienne Szabo, an officer with the Free French married Violee(Bushnell) Szabo, an agent with SOE who would eventually be murdered at Ravnsbruck, a fate met by many non-Jewish as well as Jewish women.


    1941: In Brooklyn, Abraham Block, a certified public accountant, and Ruth Block, a paralegal, gave birth to economist Walter Edward Block who holds a Ph.D. from Columbia and “is best known for his 1976 book Defending the Undefendable.”



    1941:  The authorities send 5,000 Jews to Drancy, the detention camp outside Paris.  This will be their last stop as the move to “the East” for “Re-settlement.”


    1941: The German Army occupied the Black seaport city of Kherson which had a large Jewish population since the 19th century.


    1941: “The Jadovno concentration the “first of 26 concentration camps operation by the Independent State of Croatia in which thousands of Serbs and Jews were imprisoned was closed today and turned over to the Italians.


    1941(28th of Av, 5701): The Nazis murdered 3500 Jews from Minsk Mazowiecki, Poland, at Treblinka.


    1941(28th of Av, 5701): Sixty-three year old Hadassah leader and Zionist Bella Pewsner leader passed away today.



    1941: “Sun Valley Serenade” a musical produced by Milton Sperling and starring Milton Berle


    1942(8th of Elul, 5702): The Jewish community at Ozorków, Poland, is destroyed.


    1942: At Siedlce, Poland, “400 Ukrainians, joined by the Polish police and SS troops, surrounded the ghetto” as they prepared to ship the Jews to Treblinka and/or slaughter the rest of them. (Yad Vashem)


    1942: Etty Hillesum returned to Westerbork.


    1943: While serving in the U.S Army, Ed Koch, the future Mayor of New York, snapped after being taunted with the anti-Semitic epithet ‘Yiddy’ by a fellow soldier named LaRue. He challenged the bigot to a fight, which went down in full view of the entire company. According to Koch, “(The lieutenant) wanted to stop the fight but I wouldn’t let him. Even though I took the beating, I’m glad I fought.” (As reported by Forward staff)


    1943: “The Seventh Victim” a horror film directed by Mark Robson and produced by Val Lewton was released in the United States by RKO.


    1944: “Song of Norway” a musical with a book co-authored by Milton Lazarus and featuring a performance by Siegfried “Sig” Arno opened today at the Imperial Theatre in New York where it ran for 860 performances.


    1944: Rudolf Kastner “travelled from Budapest under German escort to the Swiss frontier and acted as intermediary for the first conversation between Kurt Becher and Saly Mayer, Swiss representative of the Joint D.C to discuss the price of abandoning the gassing.



    1944: Photo-journalist Julia Pirotte participated in the Marseille Uprising which began today.



    1944(2nd of Elul, 5704): Sarah Vasen, first Jewish woman doctor in L.A. and first superintendent and resident physician of Kaspare Cohn Hospital (later Cedars-Sinai Hospital) passed away.



    1945: At the urging of Lt. Colonel Judah Nadich, the rabbi serving as senior Jewish chaplain in Europe, General Eisenhower issued an order reversing the policy that would have required Jewish displaced persons to return to their native countries. 


    1946: The cornerstone for Beit Berl, which has named after Berl Katznelson, was laid today.


    1948: Mitchell “Mike” Flint, a WW II naval combat pilot who had volunteered to fly with the IAF  transferred out of squadron 101 to a dive bombing squadron where he would be the most experienced pilot in this form of aerial combat.


    1949: Gertrude Samuels describes the story of one group of participants in the seventh aliyah to Israel who are traveling from Munich, the home of Nazism, to Haifa. Of all the aliyot -- waves of immigration to Palestine -- the present is the most dramatic and, in terms of numbers and ultimate goals, perhaps the most important. To the desperate and the idealistic streaming in the new State of Israel is a miracle born of years of longing


    1959(17th of Av, 5719): Eighty-one year old Publisher and businessman Salman Schocken passed away. 



    1959(17th of Av, 5719): Seventy-eight year old Sir Jacob Epstein, the American born British sculptor passed away.



    1959: President Eisenhower signs an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union. Today Hawaii has a Jewish population of 10,000 out of a total population of about 1.2 million people.  In 2002, Linda Lingle, 49, won the Hawaii governor's race.  Lingle was the first Republican to win the job in forty years and she was the first Jewish governor of the state. “Lingle says her Jewish heritage has aided her political career in Hawaii because it has given her a better understanding of diversity, helping her connect with citizens of different religious and ethnic backgrounds. Lingle is a member of a Jewish congregation on the island of Maui and attends Lubavitch services in Honolulu on the island of Oahu. There also are a Reform synagogue and a Conservative synagogue in Honolulu.”


     


    1960(28th of Av, 5720): David Barnard Steinman passed away.  Born to immigrant parents in 1886 on New York’s Lower East Side, Steinman became one of America’s top civil engineers and bridge designers.  The capstone of his career was the designing and building of the Mackinac Bridge in Michigan, referred to by some as the Greatest Bridge in the world.


    1961: In what may have been some sort of record two Jewish hurlers, Sandy Koufax and Larry Sherry, pitch their team to defeat as the Griants beat “the Bums.”


    1964: In New York, Rabbi Seymour Fox who would become a professor of Jewish education at Hebrew University and Sara Kaminker-Fox who would become head of the Jerusalem City Council gave birth to Israeli director Eytan Fox who made Aliyah at the tender age of two.


    1969: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today for Rabbi Simon Federbush, the former chief rabbi of Finland.



    1969, Michael Dennis Rohan, a tourist from Australia and a member of the "Church of God," a Protestant sect, set fire to the mosque on the Temple Mount in an attempt to hasten the coming of the Messiah. He was judged insane and deported by Israel.


    1971(30th of Av, 5731): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1973: In Moscow, evgenia and Mikhail Brin, both graduates of Moscow State University (MSU) gave birth to Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google.


    1974(3rd of Elul, 5734): Sixty-three year old Dr. Edward R. Schlesinger, who earned his M.D. at Columbia and Masters of Health Degree from Johns Hopkins before going to “head the maternal and child health programs at the University of Pittsburgh and who was the husband of Sylvia Schlesinger and the father of Doctors Stephen Schlesinger and Ann Louise Silver, passed away today.



    1974: Today, Abraham Hirschfeld, one of three candidates in the Democratic primary seeking to unseat Senator Jacob Javits in November, “attacked President Ford’s nomination of Nelson A. Rockefeller for the Vice Presidency.”


    1977: A small group of young West Bank intellectuals tried to set up a political faction aimed at challenging the Palestine Liberation Organization’s claim of being the sole representatives of the Palestine Arabs in the administered territories. The group vehemently opposed Yasser Arafat and blamed him for plunging Palestine into bloody strife and for the failure to safeguard the Arab people's political interests. (Sounds an awful lot like what some of Arafat’s critics are saying 25 years later.)


    1977: In Washington the US State Department announced that the current disagreements on the question of the settlements in the administered areas did not harm the long-standing Israeli-American friendship.


    1977: Moshe Dayan met secretly with King Hussein in London marking the first time that any member of the Begin government had direct talks with any Arab leader.


    1979(28th of Av, 5739): “Department store executive” David W. Davidson passed away today.


    1980(9th of Elul, 5740): Ninety-six year old Walter E. Sachs, who has been a partner in Goldman-Sachs since 1910 and who married actress Katharine Williamson in 1939 passed away today.



    1981: “An American Werewolf in London,” a “horror comedy film” directed by John Landis, with music by Elmer Bernstein was released in the United States by Universal Pictures.


    1981: “Honky Tonk Freeway” a comedy directed by John Schlesinger, with music by Elmer Bernstein and co-starring Daniel Stern was released in the United States today by Associated Film Distribution.


    1982: Palestinian terrorists are dispersed from Beirut.


    1983 La Cage aux Folles opened on Broadway at the Palace Theatre today. It could be seen as “Jewish affair” since the book was by Harvey Fierstein, the music and lyrics were by Jerry Herman and the director was Arthur Laurents


    1983: Eighty-six year old Sir Francis Edward Evans, the Belfast native who served as the United Kingdom’s Ambassador to Israel from 1951 to 1954, passed away today.


    1987: In Santa Monica, Jody and Taylor Kasch gave birth to actor Cody Kasch the brother of Max Kasch.


    1987: “The Big Easy” a crime movie set in New Orleans starring Ellen Barken was released today in the United States by Columbia Pictures.


    1988(8th of Elul, 5748): Seventy-eight year old H.G. Adler who survived three different concentration camps, escaped from the Communists and became an award winning author passed away today.



    1990(30th of Av, 5750): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1991: As violence continued for another day following a traffic accident that had resulted in the death of a seven year old boy, hundreds of marchers led by Al Sharpton gathered at 770 Eastern Parkway--Chabad-Lubavitch World Headquarters, carrying anti-Semitic signs, attacking police with bricks, bottles and bullets while burning an Israeli flag. Lubavitchers took to the streets in response. Groups of blacks and Jews assailed each other with bottles.


    1991: After premiering at Cannes in May, “Barton Fink” directed, produced and written by ty Joel and Ethan Coen and starring Michael Lerner was released today in the United States.


    1992: “Lightsleepers” featuring Victor Garber as “Tis Brooke” was released today in the United States by Fine Line Features.


    1994(14th of Elul, 5754): Seventy-two year old legal scholar Albert P. Blaustein passed away today.



    1994(14th of Elul, 5754): German born American sociologist Rose Laub Coser passed away.



    1995(25th of Av, 5755):Five Israelis – 26 year old Rivka Cohen, 56 year old Hannah Naeh, 46 year old Joan Davenney, 35 year old Police Chief Superintendent Noam Eisenman - were killed and at least 100 injured including 38 year old Yona Peter Malina who would die ten years later,  when an Arab bomb ripped apart a bus in a residential neighborhood of Jerusalem.



    1998: “The Blade” a film based on the Marvel comics character created by Marv Wolfman and Gene Colan, produced by Avi Arad, written David S. Goyer and co-starring Stephen Dorf whose father was Jewish was released today in the United States.


    1999(9th of Elul, 5759): Ninety-one year old Leo Castelli, the son of a Jewish family from Trieste, who became a leading New York art dealer passed away today.



    2000: “Remembering Kunianksky, A Loyal Friend” published today provided a tribute to Harry P. Kuniansky, a standout on the University of Georgia Bulldog football team.



    2001: Hamas claimed responsibility for today’s bombing in downtown Jerusalem during which one person was injured.


    2001: Palestinian terrorists exploded at least one bomb in the Russian Compound neighborhood in Jerusalem.


    2003: “Because Roy Moore, Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court, refused to remove his Ten Commandments monument by the August 20th deadline, the associate Justices of Alabama Supreme Court unanimously overrule Moore and order the monument removed by the building's manager.” (Anybody who remembers Governor Wallace and his ilk know that officials in Alabama have a lot of trouble with the Constitution and obeying the law)


    2005: The Sunday edition of the Washington Post featured a review of A History of the Jews in the Modern World by Howard M. Sachar that covers events from the 18thcentury to present times. 


    2005: The New York Timesfeatured a review of The Tatoo Artist by Jill Ciment and Redemption: The Life of Henry Roth by Steven G. Kellman.  Roth is best known as the author of Call It Sleep which is now considered a classic in Jewish-American Literature.



    2005: Israeli poet Dahlia Ravikovitch was found dead in her apartment. Initial reports speculated the cause of death to be suicide, but the autopsy determined the cause to be sudden heart irregularities.A literary celebrity in Israel, Dahlia Ravikovitch who was born in 1936 is barely known in the United States, and far too small a presence in the English-reading world. Ravikovitch is not only one of the towering figures of 20th-century Israeli poetry, but also one of the strongest female poets in the history of Hebrew verse; she was so present here that she used to make frequent appearances on television, in which she was asked for her views on political or military developments. Long active in the peace movement, she often mixed the contemporary with the ancient and the biblical in her poetic responses to the news. While Ravikovitch is not an easy poet or a simple one, there is an approachability to the best of her work, and also, fortunately, to the best of a new translation entitledHovering at a Low Altitude: The Collected Poetry of Dahlia Ravikovitch; translated by Chana Bloch and Chana Kronfeld. One of her strongest poems “Like Rachel” is quoted below.



    Like Rachel


    To die like Rachel


    when the soul shudders like a


    bird,


    wants to break free.


    Behind the tent, in fear and


    dread,


    Jacob and Joseph speak of her,


    a-tremble.


    All the days of her life


    turn head over heels inside her


    like a baby that wants to be


    born.


    How grueling. How


    Jacob's love ate away at her


    with a greedy mouth.


    As the soul takes leave now,


    she has no use for any of that.


    Suddenly the baby screeches,


    Jacob comes into the tent -


    but Rachel does not even sense


    it.


    Rapture washes over her face,


    her head.


    * * *


    Then did a great repose descend


    upon her.


    The breath of her nostrils would


    not stir a feather.


    They laid her down among


    mountain stones


    and made her no lament.


    To die like Rachel,


    that's what I want.


    2006 (27 Av, 5766): Yahrzeit of Mathilde Schechter. Schechter “was the United States founder of the US National Women's League of Conservative Judaism in 1918. She was married to Rabbi Dr. Solomon Schechter, a prominent rabbi who was Chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary. She founded and taught at the Columbia Religious and Industrial School for Jewish Girls. After assisting Henrietta Szold in creating Hadassah, Schechter later served as its national chairwoman of education. The Mathilde Schchter Residence Hall (MSRH), named for Schechter, contains undergraduate housing for students of the Jewish Theological Seminary's List College.” She passed away in 1924.


    2006 (27 Av, 5766): Yizhar Smilansky passed away. Known by his pen name S. Yizhar or Samech Yizhar, he was an Israeli writer and a great innovator in Modern Hebrew literature. His pen name S. Yizhar was given to him by the poet and editor Yitzhak Lamdan, when in 1938 he published Yizhar's first story Ephraim Goes Back to Alfalfa in his literary journal Galleons. From then on, Yizhar signed his works with his pen name.


    2006: On the 100th anniversary of the birth of Friz Feleng, Dan Miller remembered the great animator in “Puttin’ On the Friz.”



    2006: The New York Times reported that Dina Najmin aged 38, a wife; mother of three and an expert in Jewish bioethics will become the spiritual leader of Kehilat Orach Eliezer.  As the Times said, “The appointment is a milestone for advocates of an expanded role for women Orthodox Judaism, but one bursting with the kind of contradictions and tensions that come with trying to reconcile modern egalitarian impulses with fidelity to ancient religious texts that often defy them.” “Kehilat Orach Eliezer is a non-denominational synagogue on Manhattan's Upper West Side
    The congregation traces its roots to 1983 when Rabbi Rabbi Louis (Eliezer) Finkelstein, former chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary, became unable to leave his home to attend Shabbat and holiday services. At that time, a small group of people dedicated to the mitzvah of bikkur cholim (visiting the ill) and interested in serious prayer began to meet at his apartment. This practice continued for nearly eight years until Rabbi Finkelstein's death in 1991.
    At that time, under the guidance of Rabbi David Weiss Halivni, the group decided to continue meeting in a new place of prayer, the Jewish Home and Hospital for Aged on 106th Street, and with a new name, chosen in Rabbi Finkelstein's memory. The minyan has continued to grow throughout the years and in 1998 moved to the American Youth Hostel at 103rd Street and Amsterdam Avenue.”
    Rabbi David Weiss Halivni is a scholar of Talmud and a Holocaust survivor, originally of Sighet, Romania, who would have been a contemporary of Elie Weisel.


    2006: Starting today, Max, Kellerman did at least two nights of audition shows at 7 PM for WEPN (1050) 1050 ESPN Radio in New York City, hosting one night with Sid Rosenberg


     Rabbi David Weiss Halivni is a scholar of Talmud and a Holocaust survivor, originally of Sighet, Romania. ...2007: The man accused of stalking Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel and dragging the Holocaust scholar out of a hotel elevator earlier this year was ordered to stand trial for hate crimes. A San Francisco Superior Court judge ruled there was enough evidence to try 23-year-old Eric Hunt on six felony charges including attempted battery, stalking, kidnapping, false imprisonment, elder abuse and false imprisonment of an elder. Each charge carries a hate crime allegation.


    2007: Fatah’s armed wing, the Aksa Martyrs Brigades announced that it would no longer honor understandings reached with Israel and called on its members to carry weapons to defend themselves against the IDF.  The announcement was seen as a challenged to PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas’ efforts to dismantle the Aksa Martyrs Brigades and other Fatah-linked armed groups in the West Bank.  In other words, this more internecine Arab feuding camouflaged as part of the war against the Zionist entity.


    2008: The New York Times included a review Hamdan v. Rumsfeld and the Fight Over Presidential Power by Jonathan Mahler managing editor of The Forward


    2008 (20 Av 5768):President Shimon Peres is spending his 85th birthday in southern Israel's Negev desert as part of his crusade to promote growth in the sparsely-populated arid region. Peres is celebrating his birthday based on the Hebrew Calendar, not the secular calendar.  He was born on August 2, 1923 which was 20 Av.


    2008:Today the state of Israel informed the High Court of Justice that it will shift the route of the separation barrier in the Judean desert so that 4,000 dunams of the roughly 70,000 dunams that were until now to be located on the "Israeli" side will now be on the West Bank side. At the same time, it made clear that the settlement of Kedar would remain on the "Israeli" side of the barrier in accordance with the original route.


    2008: The Beaux Arts Trio with Menahem Pressler on piano performed its final American concert today at Tanglewood.


    2009: In Cedar Rapids, Temple Judah hosts a Special Welcoming Friday Night Service for Rabbi Todd Thalblum as he settles in to his new pulpit.


    2009: Today The London Beth Din ordered the board of an Orthodox synagogue in Sydney to make a six-figure payout to a prominent rabbi it tried to lay off. The ruling by the rabbinical court ends a bitter dispute between the Mizrachi Synagogue in Bondi and Rabbi Moshe Gutnick, who won an injunction in the New South Wales Supreme Court in March to stop synagogue members from voting on a resolution to lay him off.


    2009(1st of Elul, 5769): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    2009(1st of Elul, 5769):Edward René David Goldsmith widely known as Teddy Goldsmith, an Anglo-French environmentalist, writer and philosopher passed away. The eldest son of Major Frank Goldsmith, and elder brother of the financier Sir James Goldsmith, Edward Goldsmith was the founding editor and publisher of The Ecologist. Known for his outspoken views opposing industrial society and economic development, he expressed a strong sympathy for the ways and values of traditional peoples.  His father was Jewish.  His mother was not.


    2009: “My One and Only” a comedy biopic starring Logan Lerman was released in the United States today.


    2009(1st of Elul, 5769): Ninety-three year old Robert Bendheim, “the former president and chairman of he textile company M. Lowenstein Corporation and the president of the Leon Lowenstein Foundation, a charity named for his uncle passed away today after having led a full life that included graduating from Princeton, attending the Harvard Business School and serving as an officer in the U.S. Navy during WW II.


    2010: A revival of Ira Levin’s “Deathtrap” opened at the Noel Coward Theatre in London.


    2010: Adam Burstain, son of Todd and Jennifer Burstain, was called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA.


    2010:During today’s national elections in Australia, Joshua Frydenberg, becameAustralia’s first Jewish lawmaker for the federal Liberal Party.


    2011: Beth El Hebrew Congregation in Alexandria, VA, is scheduled to host its Perspective Members Brunch


    2011:Israeli and New York-based choreographer Deganit Shemy& Company are scheduled to present a Work-in-Progress Performance of 2 Kilos of Sea at LMCC’s Arts Center at Governors Island.


    2011: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Submission by Amy Waldman


    2011:Members of Knesset from Israel's leading opposition party, Kadima, urged the cabinet today to launch a military campaign in the Gaza Strip, following the barrage of rockets that struck Israel over the weekend and the deadly terrorist attack that had taken place on August 18.


    2011:The escalation in southern Israel continued this morning when six rockets and a barrage of mortars hit near the city of Ashkelon.The Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for the Be'er Sheva rocket attacks while Hamas claimed responsibility for the Ofakim rocket attacks


    2011:Over a thousand people crowded a Kfar Saba cemetery today, to bid farewell to four people gunned down during Thursday’s combined terror attack near Eilat that left eight Israelis dead. Moshe Gez, 53, and Flora Gez, 52, as well as Dov Karlinski, 58, and Shula Karlinski, 54 were on their way to Eilat for a holiday on August 18 when they came under fire from terrorists who had infiltrated Israel from the Sinai Peninsula. Mourners described sisters Shula and Flora as almost angelic figures, two career nursery school teachers who were also the best of friends. The two and their husbands Moshe and Dov were described as the best of friends who spent nearly every day together. It appeared that some also took some solace in knowing that they passed away alongside those who they were closest to. During his eulogy, family friend Itzik Yoel said “they were always together in life, and they’re together again now. They helped each other in their daily lives, and there’s no way to describe how great they were or how much love they shared, or how many great friends they had from across the entire Israeli spectrum.” Yoel continued “they were on heir way to a vacation, when they [terrorists] hurt them. They hurt innocent people, happy people, who died in a hail of gunfire without any ability to defend themselves.” He finished “fate destined that you would be taken together and that even in the heavens, the four of you will be together forever, and spend your days like you did here: together.” Deputy Prime Minister Moshe Ya’alon told the mourners that they were killed at the hands of cowards who struck at civilians….These are the same blood-drenched hands of the terrorists living in the Gaza Strip, who are a continuation of the generations of Israel haters. There goal is only to murder Jews because they are Jews.” Ayalon added “our response to the terror is that the state of Israel will liquidate anyone who harms or even asks to harm its citizens.” Other politicians in attendance included Labor Mks Shelly Yachimovich, Amir Peretz, and Isaac Hertzog, as well as businessman and Labor Party member Arel Margalit. Shula and Dov’s son Yaniv Karlinsky told the crowd that “there is no way to describe the sorrow and the pain. There aren’t other people like you in the world - full of light, warmth, and love. You were picked apart like flowers in a field by murderous, heartless terrorists. There is nothing that can fill the space you left behind.” Idan Gez, said that ever since he heard the news of his parents’ death “it has been very difficult for me to look forward, everything is full of question marks. We have been left here alone.” Addressing his deceased parent, Gez said “thanks to you, I know what it means to be a family, and the meaning of love, happiness, and a strong work ethic. You must know that I will build a house in Israel and I will raise children like you raised me. Thank you for everything you did, and for raising me to be the person I am today.” In a special message to this father, Gez said “father, just like I was everything to Mom, you were everything to me and I never told you that enough.” He added that he took some solace knowing “that Shula and Dubik are with you.” 


    2011: Police Commissioner Raymond W. Kelly was among those who spoke at the funeral of Sally Goodgold, the civic leader who lobbied for affordable housing. (As reported by David Dunlap)


    2011: The annual ceremony commemorating “George Washington’s famed letter to the Jews of Touro Synagogue was held today in Newport, RI.



    2012:Shlomo Bar, Dan Shtag, Sharona Elimelech and the Desert Drummers are scheduled to perform songs by Uzi Hitman, Yoni Rechter, Nurit Hirsh, Miriam Yellin Shteklis, Nahum Vardi and Leah Goldberg in Hazan Hall as part of the Oud Festival.


    2012: Fifty-seven year old legal scholar Cass Sunstein completed his three years of service as Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs.


    2012: “Israel is “troubled” by the entry of Egyptian tanks into the northern Sinai Peninsula without coordination with Israel, a violation of the terms of the 33-year-old peace treaty between the two countries, and has asked Egypt to withdraw them, an Israeli government official said today.”


    2012:For the first time, criminal charges have been pressed against a German rabbi for performing circumcisions, a Jewish weekly reported today.



    2012:More than 600 rabbis displayed their support for US President Barack Obama's reelection bid today joining a campaign initiative called Rabbis for Obama. Obama for America announced today that Rabbis for Obama is designed to “engage and mobilize grassroots supporters.”



    2013: A letter, of questionable authenticity  which describes the transportation of 5,000 Jews daily to the Treblinka extermination camp is scheduled to be auctioned off today in London (As reported by JTA)


    2013: The Washington, DC JCC is scheduled to host “Atonement: Stories about Confession, Redemption and Making Amends” in which 8 “morally challenged individuals tell true stories about holding themselves accountable for their mistakes and wrong-doings.


    2013(15th of Elul, 5773): Ninety-five year old Sid Bernstein who played a key role in the early American visits of the Beatles passed away today.(As reported by Allan Kozinn)



    2013(15th of Elul, 5773): Seventy-two year old Eddie Goldstein – “little Honest Joe King Edward” – who “opened the first swap shop in Dallas, TX passed away today.



    2013: In “Hasidic Jews Turn Up Pressure on City to Accommodate Their Traditions” published today, Joseph Berger examines the growing power of the Ultra-Orthodox in New York City while offering no differentiation in the use of the term “Hasidic.”



    2013: “Justice Minister Tzipi Livni, Israel’s chief envoy to peace talks, met clandestinely this morning with Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat at Jerusalem’s King David Hotel, Israeli officials said.


     2014: L.A.’s Yiddish Tango Club which “infuses klezmer with the fresh sensuality of Argentine tango” is scheduled to perform this evening in Los Angeles.


    2014: Two days after the latest cease fire was broken Hamas rockets, “Israel approved the call-up of 10,000 IDF reservists today.”


    2014(25th of Av, 5774): Eighty-nine year old Helen Bamber, “the comforter of torture victims” passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)



    2014:The armed wing of Hamas announced today that three of its senior commanders - Mohammed Abu Shamalah, Raed al-Attar and Mohammed Barhum - were killed in a pre-dawn Israeli air strike in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip.(As reported by Uzi Barach)


    2015: In Atlanta, Timothy Frilingos the Berman Museum’s Director of Exhibitions is scheduled to lead a tour of the museum’s latest Southern Jewish History Exhibition “Eighteen Artifacts: A Story of Jewish Atlanta.”


    2015: “Jewish American singer Matisyahu confirmed his participation in a Spanish music festival” today “two days after organizers apologized for canceling his appearance following an uproar by pro-Palestinian groups.”


    2015: “A former Israeli defense minister, Ehud Barak, revealed new details to his biographers about how close Israel came to striking Iran’s military facilities in 2010, 2011 and 2012 and why it did not despite his and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s desire to do so, according to interview excerpts aired on Israeli television” tonight. (As reported by Jodi Rudoren)


    2015: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the funeral of Joan Lipsky is scheduled to take place at Temple Judah followed by burial at Eben Israel Cemetery.



    2016: “From The Deep” a play “inspired by the story of Gilad Shalit and Ilan Shaliach” is scheduled to be performed for the last time at The New York International Fringe Festival FringeNYC.


    2016: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Euro: How a Common Currency Threatens the Future of Europe by Joseph E. Stiglitz


    2016: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center a performance by Dwight Sora who is playing the role Japanese diplomat Chiune Sugihara saved thousands during the Holocaust by issuing visas that allowed them to leave Lithuania.


    2016: The UKJF is scheduled to host a screening of “We’ll Never Have Paris” directed by Simon Helberg at the JW3 Cinema.


    2016: “One Crown Heights,” a neighborhood festival “sponsored by civic groups and elected officials including the Anti-Defamation League and the Jewish Children’s Museum” but disapproved of by Norman Rosenbaum whose brother Yankel was killed during the riots is scheduled to be held today to commemorate the 25th anniversary of what one source euphemistically described as “the racial unrest that tore through the Brooklyn neighborhood.”


    2016: The Chicago production of “War Paint, a “musical focuses on the lives and rivalry between Elizabeth Arden and Helena Rubenstein” came to an end today.


    2016: In Newport, RI, The Annual Meeting of the Touro Synagogue Foundation is scheduled to be held this morning at the Levi Gale House followed by the annual reading of George Washington's historic letter "To the Hebrew Congregation at Newport" 1:00 pm.


    2017: The Hillel at the University of Iowa is scheduled to host and evening of hot dogs, hamburgers and whole lot more for incoming freshman and returning Hawkeyes.


    2017 Five police officers were lightly injured overnight as dozens of ultra-Orthodox demonstrators who do not want to serve in the IDF pelted them with stones and bottles during rioting in Jerusalem, police said in a statement today


    2017: In Louisiana, “The East Jefferson Interfaith Clergy Association (EJICA), a group of Metairie and Kenner clergy men and women representing a number of denominations and faith groups including Congregations Beth Israel (Orthodox), Gates of Prayer (Reform) and Shir Chadash Conservative Congregation” is scheduled to held a prayer vigil tonight “in order to denounce the white nationalists, anti-Semites and neo-Nazis who marched last week in Charlottesville, which resulted in the overflow of violence and the death of a counterprotestor as the hands of one of the so-called alt-right.” (As reported by CCJN the source for everything Jewish on the Louisiana Gulf Coast.


    2017: In response to poplar demand, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Dough” in London


    2017: American University graduate Ross B. Levinsohn, the “son of Joyce (née Salton) and WW II veteran Jay Douglas Levinsohn” “was named the publisher and CEO of the Los Angeles Times by tronc” today.


    2018: Following yesterday’s skirmish on the Gaza border that began when a terrorist fired “live rounds” at IDF troops in Israel, “talks on a long-term ceasefire between Israel and Hamas” appeared to be stalled with no end in sight.


    2018: Yad Vashem is scheduled to continue hosting its newest exhibition “Flashes of Memory – Photography During the Holocaust.”


    2018: The Penultimate session of “the four annual Docu. Text festival” is scheduled to take place at the National Library of Israel.



     


     


     


     


     


     


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    August 22

    70: According to Josephus, Titus began the battering operations against the wall of the Temple Court 6:4)



    634: Abu Bakr, the father-in-law of Mohammed and first Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate who was a leader in the “campaign against the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir” passed away today.



    634: Um ibn Al-khattab, who was accompanied by Ka‘ab al-Aḥbār a Yemenite rabbi and early convert to Islam on his journey to Jerusalem, succeeded Abu Bakar as the second Caliph of The Rashidun Caliphate today.



    1241: Pope Gregory IX passed away today. “Gregory IX was a prominent opponent of Judaism during his life, condemning it as "containing every kind of vileness and blasphemy". In the 1234 Decretals, he invested the doctrine of perpetua servitus iudaeorum – perpetual servitude of the Jews – with the force of canonical law. According to this, the followers of the Talmud would have to remain in a condition of political servitude until Judgment Day. The doctrine then found its way into the doctrine of servitus camerae imperialis, or servitude immediately subject to the Emperor's authority, promulgated by Frederick II. The Jews were thus suppressed from having direct influence over the political process and the life of Christian states into the 19th century with the rise of liberalism. In 1239, under the influence of Nicholas Donin, a Jewish convert to Christianity, Gregory ordered that all copies of the Jewish Talmud be confiscated. Following a public disputation between Christians and Jewish theologians, this culminated in a mass burning of some 12,000 handwritten Talmudic manuscripts on June 12, 1242, in Paris. Subsequent popes repeated this practice.”



    1280: Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia arrived in Rome today.



    1280: Pope Nicholas III whom Kabbalist and self-proclaimed Messiah “Abraham be Samuel Abulafia had tried to convert” passed away today before he could hear the request from Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia to “release captive Jews.” (Jewish Virtual Library)



    1370: Judah Alatzar of Barcelona, a Spanish Jew, lent the king and queen 110,000 sueldos so they could equip ten ships which would transfer the Pope from Rome to Avignon.



    1400: On the day that Emperor Wenceslaus was deposed and Rupert of the Paletine was elected his successor, seventy-seven Jews were executed and three weeks later three more were led to the stake.



    1454: Jews of Brno (now a city in the Czech Republic; then a free imperial city of Moravia) were expelled by King Ladislaus



    1485: In England the forces of Richard III are defeated at the Battle of Bosworth Field, where Richard loses and the House of Plantagenet loses control of the throne to the House of Tudor. It was a Plantagenet king who expelled the Jews from England. Henry VIII, the second Tudor King to sit on the throne, promised that no Jews would be allowed to live in England as part of the marriage agreement with his Spanish born wife. But Henry would inadvertently open the way for the Jews to return when he broke with the Catholic Church over the matter of his divorce. So, on balance, the outcome of the Battle of Bosworth Field was a win for the Jews even though they were not there and the “win” was a long time in coming.     



    1604: An exemption was issued by the Pope allowing Portuguese conversos to seek pardon for their "offenses," and have their items returned to them. This order was not respected by the Inquisition in the New World.



    1614: Vincent Fettmilch of Frankfurt, a former pastry cook and leader of the Guilds, calling himself the "new Haman of the Jews" attacked the synagogue while the community was at prayer. Although many tried to organize a defense, they were soon overpowered and many took shelter in the cemetery while the community was destroyed. He and his accomplices were hanged and quartered for it 2 years later. They were not hanged for their attacks on the Jews. They were hanged because they had decided to attack the wealthy nobles.



    1634: Fifty-three year old MP and English Hebraist Rowland Cotton passed away today.



    1639: Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers. Jewish merchants played a significant role in Madras as can be seen from the fact that three Jewish merchants were among the 12 Alderman nominated to serve on the first local governing council established in 1688. One of the first Jews who came to Madras with special permission to reside and trade there was Jacques (Jaime) de Paiva (Pavia), originally from Amsterdam. Most Jews living in Madras were or English or Portuguese origin. They exported diamonds extracted from the mines at Goloconda to England and imported silver and coral. The Jewish community in Madras no longer exists but evidence of its vitality can be seen the Jewish cemetery located on Mint Street.



    1642: King Charles I effectively began the English Civil War by branding the members of the House of Commons as traitors. As a result of the war, Charles would lose his head and Cromwell would become head of the English government. Cromwell made it possible for the Jews to return to England in an open fashion after a three century absence.



    1654: John Lightfoot the English clergyman, Hebraist and Biblical scholar whose works included A Handful of Gleanings out of the Book of Exodus“preached before the House of Commons” today.



    1654: Jacob Barsimson, who some claim was the first Jew to settle in North America, arrived in New Amsterdam. However, the official founding of the Jewish community in the United States is dated from September 23, 1654 when 23 Jewish refugees arrived from Recife.



    1664: Kings Charles II of England responded to a petitions from “the Hebrews in his realm” by saying that as long as they (the Jews) demean themselves peaceably and with due submission to the laws, they may presumed they will enjoy the same favor as they formerly held.



    1664: In England, the Jews were granted Royal protection



    1681(7thof Elul, 5441): “Haham Hashalem R Israel De Avila passed away today after which he was buried at the Velho Sephardic Cemetery” in London.



    1694(1stof Elul, 5454): Venetian rabbi Samuel Aboab, the son of Abraham Aboab, whose works included Debar Shemuel" (Word of Samuel and who was involved with Nathan of Gaza, passed away today.



    1752: Eighty-four year old William Whiston best known for his translation of the works of Josephus including Antiquities of the Jews passed away today.



    http://sacred-texts.com/jud/josephus/



    1776(7th of Elul, 5536): Ashner Anschel Franckel, the son of Menachem Mendel Franckel and Sara Sussel Bacharach passed away today.



    1787(8th of Elul, 5547): Sarah Barrow, the wife of Lazarus Barrow and mother of Aaron and Benjamin Barrow passed away today in London.



    1791: Seventy-four year old Johann David Michaelis part of family of Christian Hebraists including Johann Heinrich Michaelis “the author of an annotated Hebrew Bible, who wrote a dissertation defending “the antiquity and divine authority of the Hebrew vowel points, passed away today.



    1800(1stof Elul, 5560): Rosh Chodesh Elul



    1800: Birthdate of Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar.



    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0013_0_12907.html



    1802: Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, the Batavian (Dutch) Ambassador to France delivered a note to the French foreign minister on behalf of the Jews of Germany.



    1804(15thof Elul, 5564): Elizabeth “Esther” Whitlock Cohen a native of England who converted to Judaism when she married Moses Mordecai in Philadelphia and was the mother of four sons – Jacob, Isaac, Joseph and Mordecai – passed away in Richmond, VA.



    1810 Birthdate of Hirschel Eliazer Kann, one of the founders of Lissa & Kann, a Dutch banking house.



    1816: One day after she had passed away, Julia Hart, the daughter of Stephen and Esther Hart, was buried today.



    1821: Solomon Corlyn married Leah Wilks at the Great Synagogue today.



    1821: On this day came an end of the Spanish Inquisition in Venezuela. The Venezuela government wrote, "The Tribunal of the Inquisition, also known as the Holy Office, shall be abolished."



    1827: Menahem Monas ben Akiva married Malkah bat Jacob at the New Synagogue today.



    1832: Angel Haas married Elizabeth Mendoza at the Great Synagogue today.



    1832: Moses Mordecai married Kitty Isaacs at the Hambro Synagogue today.



    1833: Birthdate of Prussian native William Raphael, the graduate of the Berlin School of Fine who pursued his painting career in Montreal where “he was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Raphael#/media/File:Behind_Bonsecours_Market.png



    1836: Birthdate of Theobold Epstein, professor at the Philanthropin Secondary School, the husband of Auguste Seligman and the father of Paul Epstein.



    1843(26 Av, 5603): Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the third Rebbe of the Chabad dynasty, popularly known as the "Tzemach Tzedek," finally departed Petersburg having successfully prevented the government's disruption of traditional Jewish life. “In 1843, the Interior Ministry of the Czarist government convened a rabbinical conference in the Russian capital of Petersburg, to the end of imposing changes in Jewish communal life and religious practice. Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch (1789-1866, known as the "Tzemach Tzeddek" after his Halachic works by that name) was invited; as a primary figure in the leadership of Russian Jewry, his compliance was required to lend legitimacy to the government's proposed "reforms". In the course of the conference, the Tzemach Tzeddek was placed under arrest no less than 22 (!) times for his refusal to cooperate.” Third in the line of leaders of the Chabad movement was after the title of his voluminous responsa.



    1849: Sara Marx, the daughter of Samuel Marx married Israel Lazarus today in Trier.



    1851: In Wolfenbuttel, Philipp and Julie Ehrenberg gave birth to Victor Gabriel Ehrenberg



    1851: Birthdate of Daniel Frohman, the native of Sandusky Ohio, who joined with his brothers Charles and Gustave to become a successful theatrical producer and movie producer.



    1853: Solomon Nunes Carvalho, a South Carolina born Sephardic Jew signed on with explorer and U.S. military officer John C. Fremont as an artist and daguerreotypist. Carvalho would create a pictorial record of the “Pathfinder’s” expedition that explored the Rocky Mountain region.


    1855: Mademoiselle Rachel, the great French Tragedienne, whose visit to the United States has been proclaimed in all the public prints for some months past, arrived today on the SS Pacific. Mademoiselle Rachel is Elizabeth Rachel Felix, the daughter of a German-Swiss Jew named Felix and his wife Esther Haya. She has an older sister named Sarah with whom she used to sing as a child.


    1855: Birthdate of Franz Heyse, the first son of Paul Heyse, German-Jewish author and translator.


    1858: Twenty year old Jeanette Herzl married Jacob Herzl.


    1858: It was recorded today that the Jewish community of Pilsen “celebrated the birth of the Prince” by collecting “20 silver florins” which were given “to the royal and imperial regional administration to divide among the poor.”



     



    1859: In Austria the government promised enactment of “liberal legislation” that would improve the conditions of the Jews including an unrestricted right to own real estate.



     



    1860(4th of Elul, 5620): Samuel Holdheim passed away. Born in 1806, he was a German rabbi and author, and one of the early leaders of the Reform Movement in Judaism.



    1862: During the Civil War, David Benjamin began a three year hitch with the 141stRegiment which he would complete with the rank of Corporal in Company D.



    1862: Philadelphian Simon Arnold, who would be killed at Gettysburg, began serving with Company G of the 140th Regiment



    1863(6thof Elul, 5623): Seventy-six year old Jacob Rubino, the son of Minkel and Ruben Moses Rubino passed away today.



    1864: Twelve nations sign the first Geneva Convention creating the Red Cross. The International Red Cross, as opposed to the American organization, has a negative image among Jews because of its unwillingness to recognize the Magen David as a variant of the Cross even though it allows for other variations including the Moslem Red Crescent.



    1865(30th of Av, 5625): Rosh Chodesh Elul



    1874: Birthdate of Max Scheler, German philosopher. Born to a Lutheran father and an Orthodox Jewish mother, Scheler opted to convert to Catholicism.



    1875: A an article was published today that had originally appeared in Fraser’s Magazine (an English publication) which describes a visit to dealer in antiques and jewelry whose small shop is located on a dark and dirty lane in London. The owner of the shop is referred to as “Cohen Hertzog,” although that is not his name and he is described as a “Hebrew” and “a cosmopolitan” – a little old man with high wrinkled forehead and long white beard, a black velvet skull-cap upon his head, keen eyes that sparkle like his diamonds, and an intellect as sharp…as the file with which he tests them.” The Jew’s speech is written in a dialect saying “dese” for these, “tings” for things, etc. And during his oration the Jew reveals that the only thing for which he cares are the gems that he collects and sells. No exactly a portrait of the Rothschilds but certainly a view of the Jew held by many English men and women of the day.



    1875: “The Talmud” which was published today and was based on information first published in the Cornhill Magazine, a popular Victorian journal describes why this “extensive storehouse of Hebrew wisdom,” this “‘extraordinary monument of human industry, human intelligence and human folly’” has become “a faded memory” for the “greater majority of both Jews and Christians.” The reasons are two-fold. First, the Talmud is difficult to study and master; having it own lexicon and language. Secondly, from the Christian point of view the Talmud is filled with heresies which Bacon describes as “absurd trash”; the same words he used to describe the Koran, the Spurious Gospels and the Generations of Jesus.



    1875: “The Author of Toldoth Jeshu” which was published today and was based on material first published in the Cornhill Magazine, a popular Victorian reported that the author of this work known in English as “The Generations of Jesus” was written by a 17th century “Bohemian Jew” known as “Chaim or Joachim who was converted to Christianity and baptized Ferdinand Francis. Thanks to the work of Johann Christoph Wagenseil, the German professor of Oriental Languages, the book was exposed as being blasphemous in its description of Jesus and Ferdinand Francis was condemned to be hanged in the fish market at Vienna. When the condemned man was offered a crucifix by a Jesuit he threw it on the floor and “told the people…that he had only adopted the Christian faith for reason of political convenience.” Ferdinand was then tortured by  his captors but did not cry out in pain. When they cut off his hand he said it was just punishment for turning his back on the faith of his fathers. And he continued to utter the prayers of his people until he died. In the meantime, the shops of the Jews were pillaged; they were robbed of their money and gems even if that meant cutting off their fingers and many were stoned to death. [Unfortunately for Ferdinand Francis, Toldoth Jeshu had been around since the 6th century, so he could not have been its author, regardless of what he or Wagenseil might have said.]



    1877: Max Furchgott of Charleston, SC, married Bertha Raffman, the youngest daughter of Phillip Raffman of Neutra, Hungary at the “summer resident of the bride’s parents in Sarluska, Hungary.



    1880: “A Lost Tribe” published today reviewed Wojinstwujusci Israil by W.J. Remirowitch-Dantschenko which described his encountered with a tribe in the highlands of the Daghesan that look like Cossacks but are Jews who follow “the Mosaic.”  Their presence must date back to the days of the Judean kings since they know nothing about the Second Temple or the Temple.



    1880: “The English Oath of Allegiance” published today traced the history of the fight for Jews to take an oath of office that require to say “upon the true faith of a Christian. By 1866, through acts of Parliament there was “a full statutory recognition of the civil equality of Jews with other subjects which though long allowed in practice had never yet been expressly declared.”



    1882: A review of the new musical “Black Flag” published today described the humorous performance by Nat Goodwin who played the role of “Sim Lazarus, an absurd London Jews of the kind that pleases for some occult reason the sense of the ridiculous in the average Hebrew…” [Goodwin was a famous 19thcentury American actor whose roles included Shylock in “The Merchant of Venice.”]



    1883: It was reported to that an unnamed American Jew was expelled from St. Petersburg in accordance with Russian law that forbids Jews from living in the city. 



    1883: “Christian David Ginsburg, the biblical and Masoretic Scholar reported to Edward A. Bond, Principal Librarian of the British Museum that the manuscript of Deuteronomy which Moses Wilhelm “Shapira has submitted to us for examination is a forgery.”



    1884(1stof Elul, 5644): Rosh Chodesh Elul



    1884: It was reported today that fourteen houses and shops belonging to Jews were ransacked and demolished during anti-Jewish riots in Yekaterinoslav, Russia.  Two Jews and one rioter were killed during the riots.  Unlike other times, the Jews defended themselves from their attackers.



    1884: In New York, Justice Power is scheduled to hear the case of Alexander Labotsky whose wife Frieda accused him of having deserted her.  Frieda came to the United States ago from Poland.  Labotsky said he left Poland because of her; that he had sent her papers for a divorce; and that he would support her financially but would never leave with her again as the Judge had previously suggested.



    1884: “A Midnight Murder” published today described the discovery of the body of Sam Lavner, a Jewish man from Chicago who had murdered by shot fired by an unknown party.  “On top of his head and one arm were fastened little cubes which on being cut open were to contain the Ten Commandments in Hebrew, such as used by the orthodox Jews in their worship”



    1885: The New York Times published a brief outline of the will of Sir Moses Montefiore that was executed in January, 1882. The estate was valued at between 350,000 and 380,000 British pounds. The summary quoted the Jewish Chronicle which listed the multiplicity of his charitable bequests.



    1885: “The Will of Montefiore” published today uses information that originally appeared in the London Jewish Chronicle to provide a detailed summary of the will of the Sir Moses Montefiore which was executed in January of 1882.  The will is twenty pages long and shows that his personal estate is worth between £350,000 and £380,000. The executors include Lord Rothschild, Joseph Sebag and Arthur Cohen. Among those receiving bequest are United Synagogue, Bevis Marks and various charitable institutions in Jerusalem and Palestine.



    1885: “His Father to the Rescue” published today described an altercation in Chicago between Henry L. Ottenheimer who spanked 8 year old Robbie Garland for calling him a “Polish Jew” and his father R.H. Garland who came to the boy’s rescue.



    1886: Eighty-four year old Professor Calvin E. Stowe, the husband of Harriet Beecher Stowe passed away.  Among his best known works were History of the Hebrew Commonwealth and Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews



    1887: The will of millionaire Levi Rosenfeld was admitted to probate today in Chicago, Illinois.



    1887: Abraham Tombitsky who was treated at Gouverneur Hospital is in too much pain because of his fractured leg to give a statement to authorities who are investigating charges that Patrolman John Etterick was responsible for the injury during his attempt to enforce the Sunday Closing Laws by clearing the Hester and Ludlow streets of crowds of Russian and Polish Jews.



    1888: The ninth free excursion sponsored by the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children will leave from the foot of the 5th street pier and the East River this morning.



    1889: Birthdate of San Francisco native and composer/songwriter Irving Bilbo.



    1889: As president of the board of regents of Indiana’s Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Frederick Knefler, the Jewish Civil War general, oversaw today’s laying of the cornerstone in the center of Indianapolis.



    1891: At Baltimore thirty-nine Russian Jews who arrived aboard the Slavonia and 4 Russian Jews who arrived aboard the Caspian are still waiting to be investigated by authorities for their suitability to land in this country.



    1891: Birthdate of Jacques Lipchitz. Born Chaim Jacob Lipchitz in Druskininkai, Lithuania, this American artist was a leading Cubist sculptor.



    1892: Three days after he had passed away, 52 year old Felix Joseph, the son of Abraham and Sarah Joseph was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.



    1892: Lt. Gen. de Richter, the Czar’s aide-de-camp, acting on “formal instructions” returned the resolution to the New Zealand Legislative Assembly that it asked him to present the Czar urging more humane treatment for Russian Jews because he is not authorized to receive such petitions.



    1893: In Long Branch, NJ, which was the location of their Summer Home, New Yorkers Jacob Nery and Eliza Annie Rothschild gave birth to Dorothy Rothschild who gained fame as Dorothy Parker, an American writer and poet best known for her caustic wit, wisecracks, and sharp eye for twentieth century urban foibles.



    http://www.dorothyparker.com/wordpress/gallery/new-york-times-obituary



    1893: Birthdate of Frank Glick, the Pittsburg, PA native , the all-star Princeton University Captain, World War I Army Captain and Lehigh University head coach.



    1893: New York Mayor Thomas Gilroy appeared to respond favorably today to a request from Samuel Gompers, President of the American of Labor that “the municipality” should “help the unemployed and relieve their distress by ‘making working’ for them”



    1893: Jacob Milch chaired the meeting of the Hebrew Trades this evening at the Pythagoras Hall.



    1894(20thof Av, 5654): Dr. Bernhard Grunhut “was drowned at sea” today while sailing to Europe aboard the SS Bothnia.



    1894: Two days after he had passed away, 74 year old Samuel Harris was buried today at the West Ham Jewish Cemetery.



    1894: “Religious Duties May Interfere – Hebrews May Not Serve as Inspectors of Election in October,” published today described  the plight of  Jews who will be limited in their ability to serve as voter registration officers this fall since the first day of registration falls on October 9 which is Erev Yom Kippur. Jewish officials will have to leave their posts early because they have to be in their synagogues before sundown.



    1894: In Louisville, KY, Alfred and Jennie Brandeis gave birth to Jean Tachau, the niece of Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis.



    1894: Joseph Goldwasser was arrested this morning on charges of having beaten his 14 year old son Benjamin who is a “deaf-mute.”



    1894: Julius Marcus, the young Jew who killed Mrs. Juliette Fournier and then shot himself was buried today in Bayside Cemetery by a “Hebrew benevolent society.” Because Marcus was a self-confessed atheist there was no rabbi at the burial which was attended on by his parents, brothers, sisters, nephews and nieces.



    1894: In Naarden, the Netherlands, Hendrik Cornelis Ardoneus and Catharina Wilhelmina de Vries gave birth to Willem Johan Cornelis Ardondeus who was arrested and executed after participating in the bombing of “the Amsterdam Public Records Office” in an attempt to foil attempts to deport Dutch Jews



    1895: The first conference of Russian Zionists that was secretly held in Warsaw comes to an end.



    1895: Edgar Barney the principle of the Hebrew Technical Institute  and twelve of his “tutors” took 300 student on an excursion to Coney Island.



    1895: Sol Rubenstein is trying to replace Frank J. Butler as the Democratic leader of the 12th Assembly District. “Mr. Rubenstein wants the leadership” because of the number of Jewish “votes in the district.”



    1897: “The disturbances begun on August 20 by the fanatical opponents of the Jews began again today in Pilsen, Bohemia.  “An anti-Jewish mob” attacked the police “and then small the window in the synagogue, the Jewish schools and the houses of the best-known Jews.”



    1897: “Reminiscence of Barney Barnato” published today provided a brief sketch of the personality of the late diamond mining magnate.



    1897: “Jews Are Split on Zionism” published today described the opposition led by German Rabbis to Zionism and the call they have to “oppose the Zionist ideas as contrary to Judaism” and “to keep away from the Basil Congress.”



    1898: The funeral of Leopold Minzesheimer, the Superintendent of Mount Sinai Hospital is scheduled to take place at 10 A.M. at the hospital.



    1898: It was reported today that George Blumenthal is the President of the Mount Sinai Training School for Nurses.



    1898: “Entertainment for Hebrew Children” published today described a fundraiser organized by Mrs. J.F. Emanuel held at the Waldorf Amusement Hall that raised $900 for the Rockaway Sanitarium for Hebrew Children.



    1898: It was reported today that Henry Gitterman is the acting President of the Board of Directors of Mt. Sinai Hospital.



    1899(16th of Elul, 5659): Thirty-three year old Aaron J. Wechsler, the eldest son of the late Joseph Wechsler who was a partner in the dry goods firm of Wechsler & Abraham passed away today at his home in Brooklyn.



    1899: Fernand Labori, the lead attorney for Alfred Dreyfus returned to the court today after enduring a “murderous attack” on August 14. He was accompanied by his wife, his physician and police inspectors.  He was greeted by a cheering throng that wanted to shake his hand.



    1899: The USS Scorpion (PY-3) which had been commanded by Adolph Marx the first Jewish graduate of the United States Naval Academy during the Spanish-American War was recommissioned today.



    1900: In Pine Bluff, AR, Adolph and Rachel (Rae Solmson) Bluthenthal gave birth to their first child Adele who as Adele Bluthenthal Heiman would play an active part in the Little Rock, AR, Jewish community where she was an active member of Temple B’Nai Israel, the largest Jewish congregation in the state.



    1901: Birthdate of New York City native Saul Caston the “associate conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra” until 1945 “when he was hired as the Denver Symphony’s Conductor and Music” which he led with such success that in 1951 Time wrote that “the Denver Symphony was among the leaders in performing American music.”



    1901: Birthdate of Abraham Ber Tabachnik, the native of Russia who came to the United States in 1921 where he became “a writer, literary critic and editor for the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, a wire service for the Yiddish, Hebrew and Anglo Jewish press.”



    https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tabachnik-abraham-ber



    1903: Seventy-three year old Lord Salisbury who was political opponent of Disraeli even though they were both members of the Conservative Party and who served as Prime Minister at the end of the 19th century when Russian persecution of Jews caused some of his countrymen to fear “a wholesale invasion of pauper Jews’ (Something he said during a speech in the House of Lords would not happen) passed away today.



    1903(29thof Av, 5663): Parashat Re’eh



    1903: After attending the Shabbat service in the Basel synagogue, Herzl invites a number of leaders including the Russians Mandelstamm, Yelski, Bernstein-Kohan and Tshlenov as well as Wolfssohn, Marmorek, Cowen and Zangwill into Joseph Cowen's room in order to win them over to the Uganda Project. The final decision is to present the offer to the Congress.



    1903: In New York, Louis Lipsky and A.H. Simon spoke to those attending a concert given by the Benoth Zion Kadimah.



    1904: In Galicia, Max and Eugenia (née Dittler) Wilder gave birth to producer and director William Lee Wilder the brother of the more famous Billy Wilder.



    1906(1stof Elul, 5666): Rosh Chodesh Elul



    1909: Birthdate of Sergius Kagen, the native of St. Petersburg who was the son of Lithuanian Jew and a Russian atheist who became a leading “American pianist and composer.”



    1909: Birthdate of Boris Schapiro, the native of Riga who became a British international bridge player.



    1909: Birthdate of Screenwriter Julius J. Epstein who wrote the un-produced play that became the Academy Award winning film Casablanca. He is also the great-uncle of Theo Epstein, the baseball executive who brought the Red Sox the World Series Championship that broke the Babe Ruth Curse. During the Red Scare, Epstein appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee where he denied being a member of the Communist Party. However, when asked if he had ever worked for a subversive organization he reportedly replied, “Yes, Warner Brothers.”



    http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/01/nyregion/julius-epstein-prolific-screenwriter-who-helped-give-casablanca-its-zest-dies-91.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0



    https://www.theguardian.com/news/2001/jan/02/guardianobituaries.filmnews



    1909: Birthdate of screenwriter Philip G. Epstein, the native of Brooklyn who co-authored the Oscar winning script for “Casablanca” with his twin-brother Julius



    http://www.tabletmag.com/scroll/141861/the-brothers-who-co-wrote-casablanca



    1911: A weekend long dedication of the Orthodox Home for the Aged Annex in Cleveland came to an end today.



    1911: During the Tredgar Riots, another day of attacks on the Jews of New South Wales in the worst outbreak of anti-Semitic violence in modern British history.



    1911: “Football Player’s Romance” published described the impending nuptials of former Yale football John Nathan Levine and Florence Flanders, the sister of one his former teammates with whom he roomed while in college.



    1913: “The Sea Urchin” a silent film featuring Robert Z. Leonard was released today in the United States.



    1913: At the Leo Frank trial “opening arguments for both sides were delivered today.”



    1913: In Brooklyn, Isaac and Sophie Sackler gave birth to “Dr. Arthur M. Sackler, medical researcher, publisher and art collector extraordinaire…”



    1913: In Marina di Pissa, Italy, Massimo Pontecorvo and his wife Maria née Maroni gave birth to Bruno Pontecorvo the fourth of their eight children and nuclear physicist who authored “numerous studies in high energy physics” with a special emphasis on neutrinos.



    1914: Lt. Edward Louis Spears, the British liaison officer serving with French General Lanrezac, whom the French ambassador in London would describe as “a most dangerous person…a very able and intriguing Jew who insinuates himself everywhere, witnessed and described the gallant behavior of the 1st Tirailleurs and 2nd Zouaves as they tried to retake the river bridges held by the Germans at Charleroi.  (As described by Max Hastings)



    1914: In Poland, the Russians evacuated Kyeltsi with all that that would mean for the Jews living in Galicia.



    1915: Based on wireless message sent from Berlin today via Sayville, Long Island, “the Overseas News Agency announces” that Rabbi Levi of the Association of Jews in Germany has issued an appeal to halt the sale of arms to Russia “based on the assumption that American shells are being thrown in Polish town believed to harbor Germans” such as Lemberg which is the home their Jewish co-religionists.



    1915: It was reported today that “owing to the occupation by the Germans of a great part of the Pale of Jewish Settlements…the condition of the Jews is critical” with 500,000 having been forced to leave their homes and seek shelter in “the interior provinces where they have no legal rights.



    1915: In Ottumwa, Iowa, founding of Temple B’nai Jacob.



    1915: It was reported today, that in response to report by Minister of the Interior Cherbattoff on the desperate condition of the Jews, “the Council of the Empire has decided to temporarily permits Jews settle in the cities of the empire with the exception of Moscow, Petrograd and the suburban residences of Czar Nicholas.”



    1915: In a speech delivered tonight Louis Marshall in which he said that one million Jews in New York would look upon the adoption of a “proposal requiring a literacy test as a voting qualification” by the Constitutional Convention meeting Albany “as a deliberate insult” implying that they would oppose adopting the new state charter; a view which was sharply questioned by Meir Steinbrink, a Jewish Republican from Brooklyn who was also attending the convention.



    1916: A news dispatch that reached New York today cited a report from Paul Miliukov of Moscow University “that a bill is to be introduced in the Russian Imperial Duma when it convenes in November abolishing the Pale and giving the Jews the same rights as other Russians.”



    1916: Prime Minister Lloyd George, who favored the Zionist cause address the House of Commons today, providing the members with an update on the war including the face that the Allies had destroyed 35 Zepplins.



    1917(4th of Elul, 5677): Sixty 60 old banker Robert von Mendelssohn, the son of Paul Alexander Franz* von Mendelssohn and Marie Antoinette Enole Mendelssohn (Biarnez) and husband of Giulietta von Mendelssohn passed away today in Berlin,



    1917: As of today, Dr. Boris Bogen and Max Senior will begin working with Amsterdam banker Frederick Solomon Van Nierop to deliver funds from Jews in the United States to Jews in Eastern Europe because the Dutch are neutrals and the Americans are now belligerents which means the Central Powers do not want Americans distributing aid to anybody.



    1918: The Provost Marshall announced today that Jews who have turned 21 since June 5 will not be required to register for the draft on August 24 since it is their Sabbath and will be allowed to register on Monday, August 26.



    1919: Birthdate of Sir Leo Pliatzky the native of Salford who was “the son of a Russian born English shopkeeper.”



    http://www.theguardian.com/news/1999/may/07/guardianobituaries.davidwalker



    1922: Birthdate of Ivry Gitlis, the Haifa born “Israeli violist and UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.”



    1922(28thof Av, 5682): Sixty-seven year old Harris Weinstock, the London born son of Solomon and Rachel Lubin Weinstock and husband of Barbara Felsenthal who settled in California where he “co-founded Lubin and Weinstock, a department store, served in the National Guard where he reached the rank of Colonel and “was elected first President of the Commonwealth Club of California” died of a skull fracture today after falling from a horse he was riding.



    1922: Birthdate of Canadian poet Elizabeth Brewster.



    http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/obituary-elizabeth-brewsters-journey-of-self-awareness-led-to-prolific-poetry-career/article8226920/



    1925: Birthdate of Irving David Chais Irving D. Chais, owner and chief surgeon of the New York Doll Hospital.



    1927: “The Country Doctor,” a silent film starring Rudolph Schildkraut in the title role was released today in the United States.



    1927: French architect René Sergent, who helped Moise de Camondo design the family mansion on the Parc Monceau which included “a kosher kitchen with separate sections for meat dairy” passed away today.



    1927: Birthdate of Walter Goodman, the Bronx native and reporter for the New York Times and “the author of a widely read history of the House Committee on Un-American Activities.” (As Reported by Douglas Martin)



    1928: Birthdate of Slavko Goldstein, the Croatian author who fought in the Israel War for Independence and who worked with his son historian Ivo Goldstein to restore the Zagreb Synagogue.



    1931: “An American Tragedy” a film treatment of the novel by the same name directed and produced by Josef von Sternberg was released in the United States today by Paramount pictures.



    1931: Birthdate of Irmgard Neuman who in 1942 was one of the last nine Jewish inhabitants of Kleinsteinach all of whom died during the Holocaust.



    1933: The Central Verein Zeitung, the “official organ of the Central Union of German Jews, was ordered closed until September 2 without explanation.”



    1933: A demand that within the next ten years land and employment must be provided in Palestine for hundreds of thousands of Jews and in the next two generations for millions was the feature of the political report presented in today's session of the Eighteenth World Zionist Congress meeting in Prague by Professor Selig Brodetzky of Leeds, England.



    1935: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise of New York was invited today to address the World Zionist Congress on Jewry's position throughout the world after he had demanded a full discussion of the situation in Germany.



    1936: Based on information from “the most reliable authority” an American journalist “learned tonight that it now has been definitely decided to order a stoppage of Jewish immigration from the time of the arrival of the British Royal Commission coming to investigate the Palestine disorders, until after all the work in connection with the investigations and recommendations of the commission has been completed.”



    1936: “Two British soldiers were wounded today when a military patrol was fired upon by Arabs near Nur-Es-Shem in the Nablus district on the same day that seven Arabs were detained near Kfar Saba for their role in the murder of three Jews on August 21st.



    1936: “Captain Wolfgang Fuerstner, the creator of the Olympic Village and one of the last, if not the last “non-Aryan” officer in the German Army who was being forced to leave the service because he was classified as Jewish under the Nuremberg Laws, who committed suicide was buried today with full military honors today.



    1936: The American consul general in Jerusalem cabled the U.S. Secretary of State to report, “A local committee of five representative Americans (leading Zionists) has been formed to meet the [Senate] party on arrival and has planned propaganda visits to Jewish colonies before proceeding [to] Jerusalem... [The] junket is designed to appeal to pro-Jewish propaganda.... The [British] Chief Secretary of the Palestine Government takes position on grounds of safety alone that the party cannot be permitted to tour country.  With this I fully concur, particularly in view of present recrudescence of terrorism and especially as Zionists are sponsoring tour."



    http://www.israeldailypicture.com/2011/11/congressional-visits-to-israel-is-not.html



    1937: The Jewish Agency Council successfully completed its deliberations at Zurich. After prolonged deliberations unity had been achieved between the Zionist and non-Zionist members. A unanimously adopted resolution stated that partition or no partition, the Zionist work in Palestine must go on. Dr. Chaim Weitzman stressed that the Jewish people were and would always be deeply conscious of their debt to Great Britain, which had exerted herself to do something for the Jewish people and created the indispensable conditions for the creation of a Jewish National Home. The Zionist Executive resolved to ask the British Government to discuss the implementation and broadening of the Peel Report and to arrange for a joint Jewish-Arab conference.



    1937: Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich completed his first term as People’s Commissar for Transport of the Soviet Union.



    1937: The Jewish Variety Hour will premiere at 5 p.m. on CKOC in Hamilton, Canada.  Entertainment will be provided by tenor Lou Herman, his three sisters – Fay Miriam and Goldie, tenor Max Mendel and accordionist Sherman Ghan, “the blind musician who has mastered the violin, piano and organ.”



    1938(25th of Av, 5698): Jonah Israelovitch, a 36 year old laborer was shot to death by Arab snipers who fired on a bus near Tel Aviv that was carrying workers to Holon.



    1938: Firefighters in Jerusalem fought to contain a blaze in a Jewish owned lumberyard started by Arab arsonists that threatened to spread to nearby petroleum storage tanks owned by Standard Oil.



    1938: Authorities found the bodies of three Arabs on the Acre-Safed road with a note pinned to the victims written in Arabic that state “So may it be done traitors.” The dead bodies with the note attach appear to be part of a campaign by Arab terrorists to intimidate those in their community who do not support their aims and/or tactics.



    1938: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today in Brooklyn for Louis Zuckerman, the husband of Lena Zuckerman with whom he had three children – Benjamin, Max and Henry.



    1938: As the crisis over Czechoslovakia, moved to a climax, radical French politician George Bonnet “had Charles Corbin, the French Ambassador in London, press for an explicit British commitment to come to France's side in the event of war breaking out in Central Europe and used the ensuing British refusal as a reason to justify France's lack of intervention in a German-Czechoslovak conflict” which was another step on the road to WW II and the Shoah.



    1938: Maurice W. Monheimer, the husband of Sylvia Monheimer with whom he had two children – William and Gladys – was interred today at the Baron Hirsch Cemetery on Staten Island.



    1939: Today, one day after terminating talks with the French and the British, “Moscow revealed that” the German Foreign Minister would be visiting Stalin tomorrow – a move that would lead the world down the road to World War on the first of September.



    1940: As novelist Stefan Zweig and his wife Lotte Atlmann continued their flight from the Nazis, they move to Petrópolis, Brazil the city in which they would commit suicide in 1942.



    1942: Ten thousand Jews from Wielun, Poland, are deported to the Chelmno death camp.



    1942: The U.S.S. Blue, a destroyer that Ensign Nathan Asher had taken control of on December 7 and guided to the safety of open waters while Ensign Milton Moldane manned the forward machine guns in a successful effort to fight off the attacking Zeroes, was severely damaged during fighting off Guadalcanal today.



    1942: A combination of Ukrainians, Polish Police and SS troops murdered 2,000 Jews in the cemetery at Siedice and shipped 10,000 more off to Treblinka.



    http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/this_month/august/07.asp



    1942: In Siedlce, Poland after four hundred Ukrainians had joined by the Polish police and SS troops in surrounding  the ghetto, 10,000 Jews were deported to the Treblinka death camp and 2,000 were executed in the Jewish cemetery



    http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/this_month/august/07.asp



    1942: The Jewish community from Losice, Poland, is liquidated at the Treblinka death camp.



    1943: Maxim Litvinov completed his service Soviet Ambassador to the United States.



    1944: In Teaneck, NJ, “a Manhattan pharmacist and a homemaker gave birth to billionaire hedge fund manager Paul Elliott Singer, a signer of “The Giving Pledge and founder of the Paul E. Singer Family Foundation.



    1944: “A Manhattan pharmacist and his homemaker spouse” gave birth to hedge fund manager and philanthropist Paul Elliott Singer, the founder and CEO of Elliot Management Corporation who “singed the Giving Pledge which signals a commitment by individuals to donate more than half of their wealth within their lifetime to address society's "most difficult moral and economic challenges."



    http://www.timesofisrael.com/philanthropist-paul-singer-one-time-trump-opponent-attends-president-elects-fundraiser/



    1944:Oskar Schindler signed a letter at his enamelware factory in Krakow, Poland, written on behalf of one of his employees, Adam Dziedzic, who had "received a clearings contract for unloading and assembling war-necessary machinery and has been sent to Sudetengau." (As reported by Reuters)



    http://www.jpost.com/LandedPages/PrintArticle.aspx?id=323228



    1947: The British Foreign office issued a cable warning “diplomats that they should be ready to emphatically deny that the Jews from the SS Exodus were to be housed in former concentration camps after they were offloaded in Germany and that German guards will not be used to keep the Jews in the refugee camps.”



    1947: Premiere of “Body and Soul” directed by Robert Rossen, with a screenplay by Abraham Polonsky and starring John Garfield.



    1947: Premiere of “The Pretender” produced and directed by W. Lee Wilder



    1949: It was announced that “two state scholarships have been set aside yearly by Rutgers University in memory of Samuel Pesin” the State Assemblyman who “was instrumental in establishing the scholarship” which since 1937 have enable thousands of students to attend New Jersey’s land grant college



    1950: Birthdate of Queens, NY native Steven Brill the graduate of Yale Law School, the founder of “Court TV,” “media watchdog” and author whose first book The Teamsters was published in 1978



    1950: Two days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to be held for Aaron Parsonnet, the Newark, NJ physician who received his M.D. degree from Loyola University and was the husband of the former Julia Lifson at Temple B’nai Abraham followed by “internment in Oheb Sholom Cemetery in Hillside, NJ.)



    1953(11thof Elul, 5713): Parashat Ki Teitzei



    1953(11thof Elul, 5713): Sixty five year old Austrian born American architect Rudolph Schindler whose design put him in the Modernist School passed away today.



    http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.s/s230340.htm;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en



    1954: Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, opens its fortieth annual convention today at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.



    1960: After starter Don Drysdale is driven from the mound by the bats of the Giants, Larry Sherry tames San Francisco and gets the win when the Dodgers bats come alive for an 8 to 5 victory.



    1960: At the Royal Lyceum Theatre in Edinburgh, premiere of “Beyond the Fringe” co-authored by Jonathan Miller who also performed in this British comedy revue.



    1964: ITV broadcast the final episode of the British sitcom “The Larkins” starring David Kossoff.



    1965: Thirty one year old award winning historian Robert A. Dallek, “the son of Rubin (a business-machine dealer) and Esther (Fisher) Dallek” married “policy health analyst, Geraldine Kronmal.”



    1966: "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her" is a song by Paul Simon and sung by American music duo Simon & Garfunkel from their third studio album, Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme” was recorded today.



    1966: In an interview published today, Rabbi Immanuel Jakobovits described his challenge while serving as the leader of the Fifth Avenue Synagogue as being “to make Orthodoxy elegant and fashionable and to show that you don’t have to live on the Lower East Side in squalor to be a strictly traditional Jew.”  Jakobovits is the newly named Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the British Commonwealth.



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F10D16F63F5F107B93C0AB1783D85F428685F9



    1967: Premiere “The Flim-Flam Man” directed by Irvin Kershner with music by Jerry Goldsmith.



    1967(16thof Av, 5727): Sixty-seven year old “Dr. Gregory Goodwin Pincus, one of the three "fathers" of the birth-control pill” passed away tonight.



    http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0409.html



    1967: In Miami, Anita and David Ozersky gave birth to food blogger and author Joshua Avram Ozersky.



    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/05/dining/joshua-ozersky-prolific-food-writer-is-dead.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=0



    1969: Birthdate of Jonathan Stuart Goldstein, “an American-Canadian author, humorist and radio producer” who is “known for his work on the radio programs ‘This American Life’ and ‘WireTap’.”



    1971(1st of Elul, 5731): Rosh Chodesh Elul



    1972: Hadassah, the women's Zionist organization, emphasized its concern about the plight of Soviet Jews by giving its highest award to a Soviet Jewish woman and announcing a training program for 20 refugee Russian Jewish doctors and 10 scientists now in Israel.



    1973: U.S. President Richard Nixon names Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State. Kissinger is the first Jew to hold this post. This stands in stark contrast to the anti-Semitic remarks that one hears uttered by Nixon on several of his taped conversations.



    1974(4thof Elul, 5734): Sixty-six year old Jacob Bronowski, the Polish-Jewish British scientist who is remembered by many for his role in the13 part television series, “The Ascent of Man” and was the husband of Rita Bonowski passed away today.



    http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Bronowski.html



    https://www.theguardian.com/science/2010/sep/22/rita-bronowski-obituary



    1974: Sylva Zalmanson, one of a group refuseniks who had tried to hijack a plane in an attempt to get to the West was released from a labor camp today after 4 years due to failing health.



    1976(26thof, 5736): Reb Avraham Yaakov, the leader of the Sadigur Chassidim passed away today in Israel



    1976: The West End Horror: A Posthumous Memoir of John H. Watson, M.D, a novel written by Nicholas Meyer finished an eleven week run on The New York Times Best Seller List.



    1977: The US confirmed that Israel had used American-supplied military equipment to assist the Christian forces fighting in Southern Lebanon, but denied that such action was a violation of any US-Israeli agreement.



    1977: Egypt was accused by a senior defense source of serious violations of the Sinai agreement by moving forces in the Limited Forces Zone far beyond the acceptable limits.



    1977: The Haifa Rabbinical Court ruled that artificial insemination does not constitute adultery. A husband whose wife bore a child by artificial insemination with his consent is responsible for the child’s upkeep.



    1982: Rabbi Wall of Burlington presided at the ceremonies formally dedicating the new home of Congregation Beth-El in St. Johnsbury, Vermont



    1982: General Ariel Sharon urged Palestinians to discuss peaceful coexistence.



    1984(24thof Av, 5744): Eighty-one year old Latvian born Marquette University School graduate Max Raskin, the Socialist politician and Milwaukee County Circuit Judge passed away today.



    https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19840822&id=Jm8aAAAAIBAJ&sjid=GyoEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5184,836025&hl=en



    1986(17thof Av, 5746): Two Israeli soldiers were stabbed to death today by terrorists in Jerusalem.



    1987: ''From Marees to Picasso: Masterworks From the Von der Heydt Museum of Wuppertal,'' a new selection of Israeli art, on display at the Tel Aviv Museum is scheduled to come to any.



    1990(1st of Elul, 5750): Rosh Chodesh Elul



    1991: The NYPD changed their tactics in dealing with the violence in Crown Heights. Initially, the Department had practiced a strategy of containment in response to mounting violence in the streets, directing its officers only to stop the spread of disorder, but not to try to dispel it. At the same time some community leaders engaged in “blatantly anti-Semitic rhetoric” including Reverend Al Sharpton who said, "The world will tell us that he (Cato) was killed by accident. Yes, it was a social accident? It's an accident to allow an apartheid ambulance service in the middle of Crown Heights."



    1993: Belgian middle distance runner Nathan placed 10thin 800 metres at the 1993 World Championships which ended today at Stattgart.


    1993: The Independent published “Why the BBC ignored the Holocaust: Anti-Semitism in the top ranks of broadcasting and Foreign Office staff led to the news being suppressed” by Stephen Ward.


    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/why-the-bbc-ignored-the-holocaust-antisemitism-in-the-top-ranks-of-broadcasting-and-foreign-office-staff-led-to-the-news-being-suppressed-says-stephen-ward-1462664.html?printService=print



    1994: The third in a series of family tours to Israel sponsored by the American Jewish Congress is scheduled to come to an end.



    1997: Premiere of action comedy “Money Talks” directed by Brett Ratner with a script by Joel Cohen and Alec Sokolow



    1997: “Event Horizon,” a sci-fi film previously released in the United States produced by Lloyd Levin, co-starring Jason Isaacs and with music by Michael Kamen was released today in the United Kingdom.



    1998(30th of Av, 5758): Rosh Chodesh Elul



    1998: On cemetery ridge overlooking Dawson City in Canada's far northwest Yukon Territories, "Beth Chaim," the resting place of some five Jews, was today. Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Herb Gray, who is Jewish, was the keynote speaker and guests from Vancouver to Toronto joined locals to commemorate the Yukon-led cleanup of this old, nearly forgotten testament to the wandering Jews of a century ago.



    1999: The New York Times book section featured a review of Foreign Brides by Elena Lappin, editor London’s “Jewish Quarterly” Actual Air Poems by David Berman, Three Dollars by Australian Jewish author Elliot Perlman and Identity’s Architect: A Biography of Erik H. Erikson by Lawrence J. Friedman whose grandfather, “an Orthodox Jew and a Talmudic scholar, who would always be at the kitchen table going through books, the Old Testament, everything else, and insisting that I would study with him, that I would be clear, be logical, be precise, and I could sometimes win some arguments against my folks by doing that.”



    2002: After spending his rookie year as the third-string quarterback for the Washington Redskins, Sage Rosenfels “was acquired by the Miami Dolphins today in exchanged for a 2003 seventh round draft pci.



    2003: Alabama's chief justice, Roy Moore, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from the rotunda of his courthouse. This is one of a series of attempts to undermine the doctrine of the separation of church and state which is cornerstone of American democracy and one of the reasons that Jews have thrived in the United States.



    2004: The Sunday New York Timesbook section includes a review of A Man’s Guide to a Civilized Divorce: How to Divorce With Grace, a Little Class, and a Lot of Common Sense
    by Jewish attorney Sam Margulies and Jerome Robbins: His Life, His Theater, His Dance by Deborah Jowitt, “ grand survey of the great and deservedly popular choreographer of ballet and Broadway, as well as a personal examination of a radically unhappy man; at 57 he could call himself '’a Jewish ex-commie fag who had to go into a mental hospital.’”



    2004: After three seasons, final broadcast of “Da Ali G Show, a British-American satirical television series created by and starring English comedian Sacha Baron Cohen.”



    2005(17th of Av, 5765): Ninety-one year Dr. Morris Ziff, an expert in rheumatic diseases passed away today in Dallas. (As reported by Jeremy Pearce)



    http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/30/national/30ziff.html?pagewanted=print



    2005: Red Sea Jazz Festival Opens.



    2005: It was announced that gaming giant Square Enix would purchase 247,900 Taito shares worth ¥45.16 billion (US$409.1 million), to make Taito Corporation which was founded in 1953 by Russian Jewish businessman Michael Kogan, a subsidiary of Square Enix



    2005: “Netzarim was evacuated by the Israeli military today officially marking the end of the 38-year-long presence of Israeli settlers in the Gaza Strip, though the official handover was planned for several weeks later.”



    2005: Israeli newspapers reported that all but one settlement in Gaza had been evacuated. The evacuation has gone faster than the government had planned and bulldozers have already begun leveling the buildings left behind.



    2006: Bernard Lewis speculated that today, the day on which the Iranian President said he would “respond to U.S. demands regarding that country’s development of nuclear power” might be a day for an Iranian attack on Israel because August 22, 2006 “corresponded to the 27th day of the month of Rajab of the year 1427, the day Muslims commemorate the night flight of Muhammad from Jerusalem to heaven and back.”



    2006: Shawn Green was dealt, along with $6.5 million in cash, by the Arizona Diamondbacks to the New York Mets for Triple-A 23-year-old left-handed pitcher, Evan MacLane. Green is Jewish; MacLane is not.



    2006: Israel's police raid the home of their State President and seize computers and documents in connection with rape and abuse allegations against him.



    2007(8thof Elul, 5767): Eighty-four year old author and social activist Grace Paley passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/23/books/23cnd-paley.html?pagewanted=print



    2007: The Palestine Monitor a blatantly pro-Palestinian publication openly rebukes American Presidential candidate Rudi Giuliani for his statement that 'Palestinian statehood will have to be earned through sustained good governance, a clear commitment to fighting terrorism, and a willingness to live in peace with Israel.’



    2008: The Saul Steinberg: Illuminations travelling exhibition, which displays original Steinberg works at various museum and galleries around the world is scheduled to open in Zurich.



    2008: At the Jerusalem Cinematheque a screening of “The Summer of Aviya



    2008: The Cedar Rapids Gazettereported that Iowa State labor officials are citing meatpacking plant Agriprocessors with 31 new and repeat safety violations.



    2008: An article in the Chicago Jewish News describes the relationship between the Obama family and Rabbi Capers Funnye. According to the New York Times, “Michelle Obama, wife of the Democratic presidential nominee, and Rabbi Capers Funnye, spiritual leader of a mostly black synagogue on Chicago’s South Side, are first cousins once removed. Funnye’s mother, Verdelle Robinson Funnye (born Verdelle Robinson) and Michelle Obama’s paternal grandfather, Frasier Robinson Jr., were brother and sister. Funnye (pronounced fuh-NAY) is chief rabbi at the Beth Shalom B’nai Zaken Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation in southwest Chicago. He is well-known in Jewish circles for acting as a bridge between mainstream Jewry and the much smaller, and largely separate, world of black Jewish congregations, sometimes known as black Hebrews or Israelites. He has often urged the larger Jewish community to be more accepting of Jews who are not white.”



    2009: Today “it was reported that Larry Ellison, founder of Oracle  would be paid only $1 for his base salary for the fiscal year of 2010, down from the $1,000,000 he was paid in fiscal 2009.”



    2009: In Jerusalem, The Acco Theater's Dance Incubator presents "Neuronervana", a unique and creative dance performance.



    2009: As we sit in the synagogue and hear the opening lines of “Shoftim,” friends and family of Shelly Luber, of blessed memory, are reminded that this was his Bar Mitzvah portion a quarter of a century ago.



    2009: Hurling rocks and chanting slogans, hundreds of haredi protesters took part in demonstrations on Saturday evening against the opening of a parking lot opposite the Old City, in what has become a weekly confrontation over Shabbat observance in the capital.



    2010: In Quebec, KlezKanada is scheduled to come to a close.



    2010: An exhibit featuring 150 photographs of Willy Ronis is scheduled to come to a close at the Musée de la Monnaie in Paris.



    2010: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Balfour Declaration: The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict by Jonathan Schneer



    2010: A demonstration is scheduled to take place today outside of the BBC headquarters to protest “Death in the Med,” a documentary that examined the ill-fated confrontation between the Israelis and blockade-breaking flotilla headed for Gaza.



    2011: The New York City International Film Festival is scheduled to show נגטיב (Negative) directed by Yoav Hornung and בן חוזר הביתה (Ben is Back).



    2011: After a meeting that concluded at 3 o’clock this morning Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and his cabinet ministers concluded that Israel will not respond to the attacks from Gaza with a large-scale operation.



    2011: Palestinian rocket and mortar attacks on southern Israel resumed yesterday evening and continued into the early hours of this morning after a lull during the afternoon



    2011(22ndof Av, 5771): Eighty-eight year old Casey Ribicoff, the widow of the late Senator Abraham Ribicoff passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)



    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/26/nyregion/casey-ribicoff-widow-of-senator-dies-at-88.html?pagewanted=print



    2011(22ndof Av, 5771): Seventy-eight year old Jerry Leiber who wrote so many rock and roll hits of the fifties and sixties passed away. (As reported by William Grimes)



    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/arts/music/jerry-leiber-rock-n-roll-lyricist-dies-at-78.html?pagewanted=print



    2011(22ndof Av, 5771): Seventy-four year old Holocaust researcher Harry W. Mazal passed away today.



    http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/article/He-created-widely-used-library-in-S-A-2136383.php



    http://www.timesofisrael.com/after-intrigue-and-theft-cu-boulder-gains-huge-holocaust-collection/



    2011(22ndof Av, 5771):  Eighty-five year Samuel Menashe the Greenwich Village poet who won the first Neglected Masters Award in 2004, passed away today.



    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/24/arts/samuel-menashe-new-york-poet-dies-at-85.html?pagewanted=print



    2012: Algerian pianist Maurice El Médioni – King of Rai and a legendary figure on the world music scene –  is scheduled to host the Dialna Quintet for an evening of Jewish-Arab-Andalusian soul music with Boogie-Woogie, Rhumba and Flamenco rhythms at the Hazan Hall as part of the Oud Festival.


    2012: "Vasermil" a film that tells the story of three Israeli teenagers from separate marginalized communities, who pin their hopes on soccer as a way out” is scheduled to be shown at the Avalon Theatre in Washington, DC


    2012: Anyone who tries to harm Israel will taste “the deadly strength of the IDF,” Chief of General Staff Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz warned today


    2012: Heiress, businesswoman and philanthropist Shari Arison placed 64th on Forbes’ 2012 list of the world’s 100 most powerful women, which was released today. Forbes’ list includes politicians, businesswomen, journalists, writers and celebrities. Arison, who was raised in Israel and the United States, was #57 in last year’s rankings.


    2013: An exhibit, “The White Rose” which tells the story of a group of legitimate anti-Nazi German, which is being hosted by UNLV’s Lied Library is scheduled to come to a close today.


    2013: The Macabeats are scheduled to begin a concert tour in Venice, Italy.


    2013: “Fill the Void” is scheduled to open a the Cape Ann Community Cinema in Gloucester, MA


    2013: An extreme right-wing activist imprisoned for illegal political activity sent threatening letters to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, police said this morning. (As reported by Aaron Kalman)


    2013: Four rockets fired from southern Lebanon targeted northern Israel this afternoon, setting off air raid sirens in Acre, Nahariya, and additional areas in the Western Galilee and sending frightened local residents fleeing for cover.(As reported by Yaakov Lappin)


    2014:  At Agudas Achim in Coralville, Iowa, Meirav Isaaca Flatte is scheduled to help lead Friday night services as part of her “Bat Mitzvah Weekend.”

     
    2014: Three people were injured today when a rocket fired from Gaza struck a synagogue in Ashdod “causing significant damage to the building.



    2014: “A Jewish school in Copenhagen had its windows smashed and anti-Jewish graffiti referring to the conflict in Gaza spray-painted on its walls, the school said today.”


    2014(26th of Av, 5774): This afternoon four year old Daniel Tregerman, the son of Gila and Doron Tregerman was murdered by Hamas terrorists when “a mortar fired from Gaza struck his kibbutz in the Sha’ar Ha Negev Council.


    2014(26th of Av, 5774): Seventy-seven year old Jan Karako who “established Oren Bayan, one of the most famous textile brands in Turkey and his 69 year old wife Georgia were murdered in their apartment in Istanbul today. (Times of Israel)


    2015: In Alexandria, VA, as part of “Get to Know us Weekend” Temple Beth El is scheduled to host “Tot Shabbat.”


    2015: “Mistress America” a comedy written and directed by Noah Baumbach, which ha premiered at the Sundance Festival was released in the United States today.


    2015: Isaac DaBoom is scheduled to perform at Bar Kaymar


    2015: “Into the Wild,” a “day Shmita Expedition” is scheduled to come to an end.


    2016: “Hill Start” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Film Festival hosted by the Hampton Synagogue


    2016: On the anniversary of her birth publication of “25 of Dorothy Parker's Best Quotes” by Stacy Conrdat.



    2016: “The iconic, charismatic Morrissey, originally of Manchester indie band The Smiths, now a solo artist” is scheduled to perform “in Tel Aviv’s Heichal HaTrburt.” (As report by Jessica Steinberg)


    2017(30th of Av, 5777): Rosh Chodesh Elul; for more see https://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/


    2017: Hebrew Hawkeye Time – At the University of Iowa, Hillel is scheduled to host a welcome dinner for incoming freshmen and freshwomen


    2017: The offices of the Jewish Family Services of Washtenaw County in Ann Arbor, Michigan, were evacuated today after a bomb threat was called in by “an unidentified male voice.”


    2017: Jamaican singer and rapper is scheduled to return to Tel Aviv with a performance “at the Live Park in Rishon LeZion on the outskirts of Tel Aviv.


    2018: A “Gaga/People Dance Class” based on “Gaga, the movement research developed by renowned choreographer and Artistic Director of Batsheva Dance Company, Ohad Naharin” is scheduled to place at Central Park in Manhattan.


    2018: Israelis contemplated a mixed bag of news from India which included reports of “six intoxicated men attempting to break into the room of four Israeli female backers in northern India” and the delivery of humanitarian aid by “Israeli Consul in Bangalore Dana Koresh and consulate staff” to the “victims of the monsoon floods in the India state of Kerala.


    2018: It was reported today that lawyer Michael Cohen, Donald Trump’s self-declared “fixer” had already “reached a deal with federal prosecutors in New York to plead guilty to campaign finance violations, bank fraud and tax evasion”


     


     


     


     


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    August 23


    634: Umar began his reign as the second Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate. Umar overturned the ban on Jews worshipping in Jerusalem. Not only did he clean the Temple Mount of Filth, he encouraged the formation of Sanhedrin when he invited “70 Jewish families to live on the southern end of the Temple Mount”.


    686:  Birthdate of Charles Martel, hero of the Battle of Tours and grandfather of Charlemagne.  The Battle of Tours took place in 732.  Martel led the Christian forces against invading Moslem forces coming up from Spain.  This victory ended the Moslem threat to Western Europe and led to the demarcation of Christian and Moslem Europe at the Pyrenees.  The life of the Jewish people varied depending upon which side of the mountains they lived.  Charlemagne, Martel’s grandson, would prove to be a benign ruler where his Jewish subjects were concerned.


    1179: The Battle of Jacob’s Ford opened with the arrival of Saladin at the river crossing. Jacob’s Ford was a key Jordan River crossing on the road that ran between Damascus and Acre on the Mediterranean. The area would become hotly contested in the 20th century in combat including WW I, the War for Independence and the Six Day War.


    1217: During the Fifth Crusade, another futile attempt by Christians to re-take Jerusalem that brought misery to the Jews, King Andrew II of Hungary boarded Venetian ships at Spalato on their first leg of their journey to “the Holy Land.”


    1305: Fifteen years after ordering the expulsion of the Jews from England, King Edward executes William Wallace in the cruel manner reserved for rebels as punishment for the Scots trying to keep their kingdom separate from Edward’s rule.  The Scots never expelled the Jews the way Edward had and it is probable that some English Jews found refuge in “lowland or the highlands.” Whatever else, the Jews and the Scots shared the enmity of this avaricious monarch.


    1349: Start of pogrom in Cologne known as the “Slaughter of the Jews” when “an enraged mob entered the Jewish quarter” and began killing the Jews in response to the fears over the Black Death.


    1542: Joseph Caro completed his commentary on the Tur.


    1555:  Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands. John Calvin, the founder of Calvinism was seen at least from a comparative point of view as being a philo-Semite. Some Jews felt that there was some sort of bond between them and the Calvinists because both groups were intense attack from the Catholic Church.  The willingness of the Dutch to allow the Calvinists to settle in the Netherlands was an example of their religious toleration which is what made the "land of windmills and tulips" a hospitable place for the Jews of Europe.


    1567: The Polish king, Sigismund II Augustus, issued an edict, granting the Jews permission to open a yeshiva at Lublin. "As a result of the efforts of our advisors and in keeping with the request of the Jews of Lublin we do hereby grant permission to erect a yeshiva and to outfit said yeshiva with all that is required to advance learning. All the learned men and rabbis of Lublin shall come together for among their number they shall choose one to serve as the head of the yeshiva. Let their choice be a man who will magnify Torah and bring it glory."(Edict dated August 21, 1567)


    1572: In Paris, Catholics slaughter Huguenots in the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre.  There were no Jews living in France at the time but for more about these French Protestants and the Jews see: The Huguenots, the Jews and Me by Armand Laferee, http://www.jewishideasdaily.com/791/features/the-huguenot-connection/  and


     



    1675(1st of Elul, 5435): Issachar Bärmann, the son of the Talmudic scholar Isaac Cohen of Borkum and father of Leffmann Behrends, the “German financial agent” whose “daughter Genendel became the wife of the chief rabbi of Prague, David Oppenheim” passed away today


    1723: Eighty-four year old Increase Mather a member of a famous family of Puritan ministers and leaders that included his father Richard Mather and his son Cotton Mather passed away.  Unlike their European counterparts, the Mathers did not see themselves as anti-Semites who believed in forced conversion. Increase Mather thought the future conversion of the Jews to be both possible and not far distant in time.  He opposed John Lightfoot’s argument that a general conversion of the Jews was impossible, and he also attacked Baxter’s thesis that the Jews were converted once and for all after Christ, and that those who did not convert at the time were condemned to remain in the Jewish faith for all time. According to Mather, the “national conversion” of the Jews was a “glorious truth.” (From The John Carter Brown Library)


    1754: At the Palace of Versailles, the future Louis XV and Maia Josepha of Saxony gave birth to Louis-Auguste who as Louis XVI included among his ministers “Turgot, Choiseul, and Malesherbes , who were favorably inclined toward the Jews” and who took “the first important step toward improvement of the status of the Jews was the abolition of the body tax in 1784” but whose real impact on the Jews of France were the excesses of his regime which brought on the French Revolution.


    1773: Birthdate of German philosopher Jakob Friedrich Fries, whose philosophy included ant-Semitism as can be seen by his 1816 work On the Danger Posed by the Jews to German Well-Being and Character in which he advocated distinct dress for Jews and “encouragement” for Jews to emigrate while calling “for Judaism to extirpated root and branch from German Society.”  


    1787: One day after she had passed away, Sarah Barrow, the wife of Lazarus Barrow and mother of “Aaron and Benjamin Barrow” was buried today at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.”


    1792(5th of Elul, 5552): Twenty-eight month old  Moses Leib ben Eisak Fuerth passed away today and was buried at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.”


    1799:  Napoleon left Egypt for France en route to seize power. Bonaparte’s position in the Middle East had become untenable because Lord Nelson had destroyed the French fleet. Napoleon’s departure put an end to the promises he had made about establishing a Jewish home in Palestine when he was fighting at Gaza and Acre.


    1799: Mrs. Philip Hartvig Ree, the widow of Philip Hartvig Ree and the mother of Hartvig Phillip Ree obtained special permission from the king “to remain in joint possession” of her husband’s business.


    1805: Birthdate of Austrian political leader and anti-Semite Anton von Schmerling who “urged the necessity of instruction in German in schools in order to overcome the advantageous position of the Jewish soldiers in the regiments of Galicia, who, owing to their knowledge of the German language, had better chances of promotion to the position of non-commissioned officers” adding the view "Personally, I am not in sympathy with the Jews


    1806: Napoleon “proposes” that the Assembly of Notables be superseded by a Great Sanhedrin patterned after the ancient Jewish tribunal.


    1819: In Nagy-Kanizsa, Hungary, Rabbi Meïr Szanto and his wife gave birth to journalist Simon Szanto.


    1824: In London, Emanuel Aguilar and Sarah (nee Dias Fernandes) Aguilar gave birth to composer Emanuel Abraham Aguilar the brother of Grace Aguilar.



     


     


    1829: Birthdate of German born historian and mathematician, Moritz Cantor whose works included Mathematical Contributions to the Cultural Life of the People and the multi-volume Lectures on the History of Mathematics.


    1837: Samuel Cohen and Rachel Nathan were married today in Sydney, Australia.


    1838: Joseph and Nanny Rosenheim gave birth to Adelheid Rosenheim


    1840: Two days after she had passed away, 82 year old Sarah Casper, the wife of Angel Casper (Asher b Yehuda) with whom she had eight children was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”


    1840: Birthdate of Hungarian native Leopold Schenk, “the Austrian Embryologist.”



    1845: The Gardener’s Chronicle and Horticultural Gazette reported that “a fearful malady has broken out among the potato crop” which would lead to the Great Famine known in Ireland as the Potato Famine which the Jews would help to raise funds to aid the victims.


    1854: Birthdate of Moritz Moszkowski, Polish born Jewish composer, pianist and teacher.


    1855: A child of Mr. Louis Levinson of Providence was circumcised today.


    1858: Four days after she had passed away, Rose Wolfe was buried at the “Wolverhampton Old Jewish Burial Ground.”


    1862:"Escape of Mr. W.H. Hurlbert from Richmond" published today described the Yankee journalist’s visit to Richmond and Charleston.  Hulbert made the trip at the request of Judah P. Benjamin. Both men shared roots in South Carolina, but after talking matters over, he “soon found that he disagreed with that eminent Jew.”


    1863(8th of Elul, 5623): Sixty-two year old historian Joseph Levin Hall, the first Jew to earn a doctorate in philosophy from the Albertus University of Konigsberg passed away today.


    1865(1st of Elul, 5625): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1866:  The Treaty of Prague ends the Austro-Prussian War. In approximately seven weeks, Prussia had defeated Austria. This little known war between the two leading Germanic states changed the course of victory.  With Prussia the victor, Austria was removed from Germanic affairs.  The other Germanic states would be forced to ally themselves with Prussia with King of Prussia as the Emperor of a united Germany.  This German Empire would emerge as the strongest nation in Europe.  This burgeoning strength would lead to World War I, World War II and the Holocaust. 


    1869:  Birthdate of Lucie Hadamard, future wife of Alfred Dreyfus.


    1872(19th of Av, 5632): A German Jew named Isaac Shwagar died in as a result of sunstroke  at Butler’s Pottery Yard in New Brunswick, NJ.


    1872: Birthdate of Elsa Neumann “the first woman to receive a PhD in physics from the University of Berlin.”http://jwa.org/thisweek/jul/23/1902/this-week-in-history-death-of-elsa-neumann-first-female-doctoral-graduate-of


    1873: In Chicago, Henry B. Franklin and the former Hannah Mayer, both of whom were immigrants from Germany gave birth to Jennie Franklin, the wife of Moses L. Purvin, who as Jennie Franklin Purvin was a leader in her native city’s civic and Jewish communities.



    1876: Victor Benjamin Hart married Clara Simmons today at the Great Synagogue.


    1876: In New York’s Supreme Court, Judge Donohue heard a motion by the Corporation Counsel in a case brought by the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society and other charitable institutions to have assessments removed from their property. 


    1877: Birthdate of Samuel Armin Schlesinger, who gained fame as “Hungarian social scientist, librarian and anarcho-syndicalist revolutionary, Ervin Szabó.”


    1877: It was reported today that the Department of State has received a report from the U.S. Minister to Turkey on the conditions of the Jews living in the Ottoman Empire.  There are 500,000 Jews living under the rule of the Ottomans and in fairness to the Turks, “the Israelites have been better treated by the Ottoman than by many of the Western powers…They are recognized as an independent religious community” led by their own Chief Rabbi or Chacham. The only case of “maltreatment of the Israelites which has been brought to the notice of the United States Legation at Constantinople during the tenure of Horace Maynard, the current U.S. Minister to the Ottoman Empire involved an American Jew who was attacked by his co-religionist while visiting Tiberias. In the mean time, the U.S. Minister at Constantinople has requested that consular offices of the U.S. government serving in the various part of the empire pay close attention to the condition of the Jews and report any mistreatment.


    1878: The Jews of Petersburg, VA, telegraphed $50 to New Orleans to help relieve the suffering of those impacted by the Yellow Fever Epidemic.


    1878: A dispatch from Bucharest published today reported that Mihail Kogălniceanu (Cogalniceano) the Foreign Affairs Minister of Romania is seeking a modification of those portions of the Treaty of Berlin that deal with the treatment of the Jews.  The terms of the treaty would require the calling of a Constituent Assembly to amend the constitution and the Foreign Minister is afraid that the changes would be rejected. This would be followed by a period of persecution of the Jews.  The Romanian government believes that a gradual granting of civil and political rights to the Jews would be less of a problem because the people find the Jews to be so “obnoxious.”


    1879: It was reported today that Emma Lazarus and W.C. Bonaparte Wyse have published sonnets on the death of the ex-Prince Imperial of France. The efforts of the Jewish Lazarus were deemed to be the better of the efforts.


    1881: The Athletic Society of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of Harlem is scheduled to sponsor an excursion today.


    1881(28th of Av, 5641): Babetta Scheild the 55 year old widow of Julius Schield was found dead in her New York apartment. Her throat had been cut.  Notes written in Hebrew were given to her children who had discovered the body.  While authorities assume that this was a suicide, the children would not reveal the contents of the notes.


    1882: “The founding meeting for the Reform congregation, later to be known as Temple Emanuel, was held” today “in Lindsay Hall, St. Catherine Street West” Quebec.


    1883: “The Jews In Russia” published today said the prohibition against Jews living in St. Petersburg and Moscow is based more on economics than on religion.  There are thousands of Jews living in the two Russian Jews but that is because they are belong to “the privileged class” or are “skillfully” evading “compliance with the law.”


    1883: In London, Jacob Nunes Nabarro and Hannah Israel Ricardo gave birth to Joseph Nunes Nabarro.


    1883: As the controversy continues to swirl around the attempt of Moses Shapira to sell a copy of the Deuteronomy scroll, “Shapira wrote a desperate letter to” Christian David Ginsburg who had said it was forgery saying “you have made a fool of me by publishing and exhibiting the fragments that you believe to be false.  I do not think that I will be able to survive this shame.


    1883: In Piemonte, Italy, Vittorio Della Torre and his wife Emilia Lattes Torre gave birth to Leila Orsola, the wife of Ernesto Ettore Foa and the mother of Vittorio and Joseph Foa.


    1883: “A Swindler Captured in Chicago” published today described the arrest of F. Simon Hahn a middle aged Jew from the East Coast at the Sherman House who had falsely claimed to represent Lieberman & Co of Philadelphia and who had forged at least one check for $100.00


    1885: A review of Mrs. Keith’s Crime by Lucy Clifford published today contends that the Jews are the “novel characters” in this work of fiction.  They include quick witted, generous Fred Cohen and Mr. Josephs, the Jewish MP.” (Like the reviewer, I am at a loss to explain the authoress’ “familiarity with Jews.”)


    1886: “A Man With Six Wives” published today relied on information that originally appeared in the London Daily New to describe the exploits of a Polish Jew named Feinstein who has been arrested and tried on charges of having six wives. His criminal behavior began in Russia in 1870 where he married and then deserted his first wife (and their four children) before moving on to Paris, where he acquired and swindled several other wives before taking his last spouse in Nancy. This “Lothario” who was described as “small, ill-made and ugly” was sentenced to six years in prison for his crimes.


    1887: It was reported today that the among the bequests in the will of Levi Rosenfeld, the Chicago millionaire were two thousand dollars to the United Hebrew Relief Association of Chicago and five hundred dollars for the Hebrew Union College.  The bulk of the estate went to his widow who was wealthy in her own right having received one and half million dollars from the estate of Michael Reese.


    1887: Congregation Or Zion of Peru, Indiana made a dues payment of $21.00 to the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.


    1887: Congregation Keneseth Israel of Zanesville, Ohio made a dues payment of $7.00 to the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.


    1888: Seventy-eight year old English naturalist Philip Henry Gosse the author of The History of the Jews from the Christian Era to the Dawn of the Reformation passed away today.


    1889: The Marion County Patriot reported on the recent death of Lewis Arnheim who represented rural Dougherty County in the Georgia State Legislature.  Arnehim, who came to Georgia from Germany is in 1868 was the son-in-law of David Mayer of Atlanta, GA.


    1890: “Mr. Mackay Maligned” published today described “annoyance caused to the friends of John W. Mackay” by reports that he “dislikes Englishmen and despises Jews.” Mackay was an Irish born American industrialist who made his fortune out of the Comstock Lode. As proof of his feelings for Jews, his friends pointed out that he sold his bank to “a Jewish syndicate” while retaining a large enough interest that he continues to have regular contact with those who bought.  Also, Jews are among the biggest users of his three cable companies which respectively span the Atlantic, the United States and the Pacific.


    1891: The Times of London and TheNew York Times described the two positive results of Mr. Arnold White's recent mission to Russia on behalf of Baron Hirsch. The trip was designed to improve the conditions of the suffering Russian Jewish population. First, the Czar’s government agreed to the practical abolition of the expensive passport system which has kept Jews, especially the large number of poor Jews, from leaving the country.  Second, “is the authority given for the formation of emigration committees throughout Russia and for the promotion of emigration schemes in connection with the Central Berlin Committee.”  Up until this point, the work had to be conducted in secret, hindering the process of Jews leaving a country dripping with anti-Semitism.  The report ended with a cautionary note, that large increases of Jewish immigrants to England might result in restrictive legislation similar to that which was being adopted in the United States.


    1892(30th of Av, 5652): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1893: Moses William Shapira, the Jerusalemite who deals in antiquities and ancient manuscripts wrote his last letter to David Ginsburg the Christian biblical and Masoretic scholar saying that he would be leaving London for Berlin in a day or two.


    1893: At today’s session of the Fourth Annual Convention of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, the Ritual Committee delivered its report which included the plan “to arrange the second part of the Union Prayer-book containing services for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur according to the same principles used” to arrange the first part of the prayer-book submitted at the Third Annual Convention


    1893: “Tried To Capture A Meeting” published today described an attempt by anarchist to take over a meeting of the United Hebrew Trades which was thwarted by the police.


    1894: During his arraignment, Joseph Goldwasser, a Jewish carpenter, “did not deny that he had beaten” his son Benjamin.  But he did not do it because his son was deaf and a mute, but because he “had stolen and he was trying to him” to behave better.


    1894: Charles Wilfred Mowbray, the English anarchist who had worked with Jewish tailors in London during their strike and who had addressed a mass meeting praising Emma Goldman left the United States for his home country aboard the White Star steamship Teutonic today.


    1895: “Hebrew Boys at Coney Island” published today described the generosity of the businessman at the local resort showed towards the students from the Hebrew Technical Institute  which enabled them to enjoy such amusements as the toboggan slides and carrousels.


    1896: “Henry Klein married Mamie [Matilda] Norton, the daughter of Simon F. Norton, the son of a Polish Jewish immigrant merchant who had settled in Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, where she was born in October 1870.”


    1896: Herzl meets with Johann Kremenetzky in Baden.Yona (Johann) Kremenetzky’ was an industrialist and electrical engineer.  In 1901, Krementzky would become the first chairman of the newly created Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael – the Jewish National Fund which many know today simply as the JNF.  Krementzky created a wide variety of tools to educate the Jewish people about Eretz Israel and to raise funds for the purchase and reclamation of the land.  He created the first Golden Book of Contributors and began the Zion Stamp series.  But his most famous innovation was the “Blue Box” which has survived to this day.


    1897: In Bohemia, “an order has been issued forbidding public meetings of any” and a 7 p.m. curfew following yesterday’s outbreak of anti-Semitic violence at Pilsen.


    1898(5th of Elul, 5658): Thirty-five year old Herman Rosenthal kissed his four year old daughter Rachel and said good-bye to his wife before going to his room where he hung himself.


    1898: In Washington, D.C. Mr. Roginksey and Mr. Levy expressed their displeasure with Adas Israel having a Rabbi and with the hiring of Morris Mandel to fill the post. “Mr. Lewis wished to know what functions Mr. Mandel was to perform, whether Rabbi or Teacher? The President answered that he was Rabbi and teacher both. Mr. M. Roginsky and Mr. Isaac Levy . . . objected to having a rabbi.”


    1899: Private Nathan Levy who had taken part in the Battle of Manila, completed his service with Company F of the 18thInfantry.


     


    1899: During today’s session of the court-martial of Alfred Dreyfus Major General Charles-Arthur Gonse, who had served as Deputy Chief of Staff, took the stand “with a quick step and apparently light heart.” By the time Dreyfus’ lawyers had finished examining him “his defiant bearing had changed into the abashed air of a schoolboy caught telling a lie.”


    1903: The Sixth Zionist Congress convenes in Basel. It is the site of confrontations between Herzl and his supporters and the Zionists of Zion, who reject the plan for settlement in Uganda out of hand. Herzl brings the Uganda scheme is a temporary measure, emphasizing that Palestine remains Zionism's final object. Herzl is supported by Max Nordau who terms the Uganda scheme a "Nachtasyl" (refuge for the night), and is opposed by Russian Zionists. “The English Jews are deeply interested in the announcement made by Dr. Theodore Herzl, President of the sixth Zionist Congress, at its opening yesterday at Basel, that Great Britain, in view of the collapse of the project to establish Jews on the Sinai peninsula, had offered the Zionists a large tract of territory in East Africa for colonization by the Jews, who would have autonomous government under British suzerainty.”


    1903: In Denver, Colorado, Dr. A.M. Radin of New York delivered a speech during “Congress Day” sponsored by the B’nai Zion Association.


    1903: In Elmira, NY, H.M. Lasker of Troy, NY and S.E. Solomons of Syracuse, NY addressed the mass meeting held by the Sons of Zion.


    1903: Birthdate of Manhattan native and jeweler Henry Lewis Lamber, the head of Lambert Brothers Jewelers which had been “founded by his father and uncle in 1877,” and co-creator of the Lambert Trophy who was President of the New York Board of Trade and the husband of “the former Marrion Lissberger with whom he had two son – Henry and Benjamin.”


    1905: Founding of Beth Israel congregation in Malden, MA.


    1905: The New York Times publishes a letter from Ralph Jonas praising “the Sanitarium for Hebrew ‘children of the City of New York” which “has been doing excellent work…” So far this summer 13,400 mothers and children have enjoyed the benefit of the Sanitarium’s boat excursions and with another seven trips scheduled for the rest of the summer, more than 20,000 people will enjoy the benefits of free medical help and nutritious meals.


    1908: Birthdate of Emil Berger who was living in Prague before he taken to Majdanek where he was murdered in 1942.


    1908: In Glasgow, Scotland optical instrument maker Charles Frank and his wife Miriam gave birth to artist and sculptor Hannah Frank.



    1911: “Savage Anti-Jewish Rioting In Wales,” published today describes outbreaks of violence in New South Wales, Great Britain, which were so severe that the Riot Act had to be read and troops used to stop the mobs.  Even more troubling was the mounting evidence that the attacks were premeditated.


    1912(10th of Elul, 5672): Sixty-seven year old philanthropist Nathan Hermann passed away today in New York City.


    1914:  In column published in the Boston Globe, dietician Frances Stern connected nutrition to social welfare. She opened the column with a lament that"There is meager knowledge of the comparative nutritive value of various kinds of food The column went on to explain the importance of protein in the diet, and to compare the nutritional value of various foods, along with their cost. Stern particularly emphasized the importance of education in nutrition as a way of helping poor women make the most of their food budgets. A social worker, nutritionist, educator, and pioneering dietician, Stern was a leading exponent of the idea that adequate nutrition was crucial to social welfare.


    1915(13th of Elul, 5675): Emanuel Saul, a successful attorney in Essen and Duisburg (Germany) passed away today.


    1915: After having found been found guilty of bribery, San Francisco political boss Abe Ruef was released today after having served four and a half years of the original 14 year sentence.


    1915(13th of Elul, 5675): Seventy year old merchant David Eiseman passed away in St. Louis, MO.


    1915: It was reported today that according to Dr. Bertram Post of Robert College in Constantinople, “Henry Morgenthau, the United States Ambassador” to Turkey who is Jewish “has made himself very popular by his daily visits to the hospital” in the Turkish capital “and his willingness to aid all those in trouble irrespective of nationality or religion.”


    1915: “It was reported today that “a French warship bombarded the petroleum plant” at Beirut causing so much trouble that the medical college was closed and all the Jews in Syria were ordered to leave including Victor Jacobsen who left aboard the cruiser Des Moines which took him to Rhodes.


    1916: “Oscar S. Straus received a letter from the French Ambassador to the United States” today, in which he “informed Mr. Straus that the French Government would permit an $18,000 shipment of drugs and medical supplies to reach Jewish hospitals in Jaffa and Jerusalem.”


    1916: “Alexis Aladin, one of the best-known members of the Duma who is now in London said today that not only was the present report” that a departmental order permitting Jews to live outside of the Pale would be acted upon favorably by the Duma and that the Minister of Education was planning to abolish the rules limiting the number of Jews entering Russian secondary schools true and that “two very prominent members of the Russian Government visiting London” said the Duma would act speedily to enact legislation “giving the Jews equal advantages with all Russians.”


    1916: It was reported today that “after Count Witte’s visit to America where he acquainted himself with what the Russian Jewish immigrants have accomplished” in the United States “upon terms of equality the only way of solving the Jewish question” in his country “was by granting them equal rights with the people of Russia.”


    1916: In New York, Netti Kinsbruner, the daughter of Shmuel and Rachel Stettner and David Kinsbruner gave birth to William Kinsbrunner


    1916: Birthdate of Newark, NJ native Samuel Adelman the Newport News, VA andDenver rabbi whose death was mourned by “clergymen and laymen” of all faiths.




    1917: In New York, Louis and Henrietta Peck gave birth to long-time New York Times editor Seymour Peck whose conviction for failing to answer questions of a Congressional committee about associates who were accused of being Communist was overturned.



    1917: The Jewish Legion of the British Army was established. It was long championed by Zev Jabotinsky, and was based on the Zion Mule Corps. The 38th Battalion was commanded by Colonel Henry Patterson. A second battalion commanded by Colonel Eleazar Margolin was also formed. Although initially against the idea, most of the leadership of the Yishuv including Ben Gurion and Ben Zvi joined after the Balfour Declaration. Over 2,700 men volunteered for the Legion. Many of them saw action in Transjordan in the fall of 1918. The group was officially known as the Royal Fusilier.  Officially, the units were not designated as Jewish fighting units and were not supposed to wear Jewish insignias.  Recruits came from the United States as well as England and Palestine. One of the most famous non-recruits was Golda Meir.  When recruiters came to Milwaukee she wanted enlist.  She was disappointed to find out that it was for men only.


    1918(15th of Elul, 5678): During WW I, Lt Frederick Adolphus Aron, South Lancashire Regiment who had been at Shrewsbury passed away today.


    1919: Birthdate of Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin one of the leading mathematicians of the USSR.


    1920(9th of Elul, 5680): Bethold Bendheim the brother of Betty Bendheim of Hamburg, Germany and Clark Bendheim of St. Louis passed away today leaving bequests to numerous “Jewish and non-Jewish Institutions” incuding The Hebrew Orphan Asylum, Mount Sinai Hospital and Tuskegee Institute.


    1920: In Paris, The Committee of Jewish Delegations, “which represents the Jews of nearly every country in the world” announced today “that it will wage a campaign to obtain a seat in the League of Nations for representatives of the Jewish people/”


    1921: Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi, who in 1919 had “signed the Faisal-Weizmann Agreement for Arab-Jewish Cooperation” became King of the newly created nation of Iraq following being thrown off his Syrian throne by the French.


    1921: In New York City, the former Lilian Greenberg and Harry Arrow both of whom were Jewish immigrants from Romania gave birth “Kenneth Joseph ‘Ken’ Arrow, the joint winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.”



    1923: In New York City Gilbert Seldes and Alice “Amanda” Wadhams gave birth to Miriam Hall Seldes an actress whose career spanned six decades and earned her entrance in the American Theatre Hall of Fame.  Her mother was a WASP; her father was the son of Russian Jewish immigrants.


    1924: Birthdate of economist Robert Solow who has been “awarded the John Bates Clark Medal (in 1961), Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (in 1987) and the 2014 Presidential Medal of Freedom.”



    1924: Birthdate of Ephraim Kishon, Israeli satirist, dramatist, screenwriter and film director. Born in Budapest, as Ferenc Hoffmann, he studied sculpture and painting, and then began publishing humourous essays and writing for the stage. After 1945 he changed his surname from Hoffmann to Kishont. He immigrated to Israel in 1949, where an immigration officer gave him the name Ephraim Kishon. Starting in 1952, he wrote a column of political and social satire call “Had Gadya” for the daily newspaperMa’ariv.  Several of his works have been translated into English including two books on the Six Day War – So Sorry We Won and Woe To the Victors.


    1926: In Boston, MA, Maurice and Lallie (Rothenberg) Troobnick gave birth to American actor, Eugene Troobnick.


    1927(25th of Av, 5687): In Jersey (UK), Sarah Cohen passed away as the result of an accident.


    1927:  The execution of Sacco and Vanzetti ignites protests around the world.  The case against the two Italian immigrants was one of the great causes of the political left during the 1920’s.  Numerous Jews were associated with their cause including the writer Dorothy Parker.


    1928(7th of Elul, 5688): Ninety-two year old Theobald Epstein “a professor at the Philanthropin Secondary School, the largest and longest-existing Jewish school in Germany, and an astronomer and Head of the Frankfurt Observatory” passed away today.


     


    1928: In Manhattan, socialite Alice Wadhams Hall and Gilbert Seldes, “a descendant of Jewish immigrants from Russia” gave birth to Marian Hall Seldes the Broadway actress who was the niece of journalist George Seldes.



    1929:Today, which is Friday, thousands of Arab villagers streamed into Jerusalem from the surrounding countryside to pray on the Temple Mount, many armed with sticks and knives. Harry Luke, the acting High Commissioner of Palestine requested reinforcements from Amman. Previously, Luke had ignored warnings from Jewish leaders about the potential for violence Towards 9:30 am Jewish storekeepers began closing shop, and at 11:00 20-30 gunshots were heard on the Temple Mount, apparently to work up the crowd. Luke telephoned the Mufti to come and calm a mob that had gathered under his window near the Damascus Gate, but the commissioner's impression was that the religious leader's presence was having the opposite effect. Inflamed by rumors that two Arabs had been killed by Jews, Arabs started an attack on Jews in Jerusalem's Old City. The violence quickly spread to other parts of Palestine. British authorities had fewer than 100 soldiers, six armored cars, and five or six aircraft in country; Palestine Police had 1,500 men, but the majority was Arab, with a small number of Jews and 175 British officers. While awaiting reinforcements, many untrained administration officials were required to attach themselves to the police, though the Jews among them were sent back to their offices. Several English theology students visiting from the University of Oxford were deputized. While a number of Jews were being killed at the Jaffa Gate, British policemen did not open fire. They reasoned that if they had shot into the Arab crowd, the crowd would have turned their anger on the police.Yemin Moshe was one of the few Jewish neighborhoods to return fire, but most of Jerusalem's Jews did not defend themselves. At the outbreak of the violence and again in the following days, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi demanded that weapons be handed to the Jews, but was both times refused


    1929: After the Mufti of Jerusalem made slanderous and enraging attacks against the Jews, what eyewitnesses described as “severe riots” broke out. The Arabs were told by the Mufti, "Remember that the Jew is your strong enemy, and the enemy of your ancestors since olden times…for it is he who tortured Christ…and poisoned Mohammed…." Rioting and death broke out in towns throughout Palestine with a total of 130 Jews being murdered by the Muslims.


    1929: An Arab rioter pointed his rifle at a Jewish policeman named Schneryson, who was on traffic duty, with the apparent intention of shooting him. Just before he pulled the trigger, an Arab policeman appeared on the scene and the two police officers apprehended the would-be killer.  He was part of a group of hundreds of Arabs who were attacking the Jews of Mea Shearim who in turn were being protected by the Jewish Self-defense force as they awaited British reinforcements.


    1929: Birthdate of El Paso, TX native Jaqueline Augusta Krtazthor, the UTEP alum who gained “fame” as Jackie Maisel, the wife of Albuquerque, NM businessman Seymour L. “Bud” Maisel.



    1929: In the evening, “a band of Arabs armed with rifles attacked the Jewish garden suburb of Talpiot.  The Jewish defenders gathered in one of the houses and, armed with a single rifle and a few pistols drove off the attackers.


    1929: The British appointed Deputy District Commissioner of the Jerusalem Division issued a three part order intended to halt the Arab rioting.  The order had no immediate effect as the Arab attacks persisted.


     


    1929: First day of the two day event known as the Hebron Massacre.  While the numbers vary, according to one report 67 Jews were killed and Jewish homes and synagogues were ransacked; nineteen local Arab families saved 435 Jews by hiding them in their houses even under their own life risk.


    1933: Despite the stormy protests of the Revisionist faction, the World Zionist Congress elected Professor Leo Motzkin of Paris president of the eighteenth annual meeting today.


    1933: The Palestine Bureau of the German Zionist Federation officially announces that an agreement has been reached between the Anglo-Palestine Bank and the Reich Minister of Economics under which German-Jewish immigrants to Palestine will be permitted to place their capital in a special account in the Anglo-Palestine Bank, to aggregate not more than three million marks, against which German goods to that value will be shipped to Palestine.


    1934In Paris, Pierre Leon Dreyfus, the son of the famous Alfred Dreyfus and Lucie Egenie Hadmard and his wife Marie Apollonie Dreyfus gave birth to Aline Dreyfus


    1935: “Going Highbrow” a musical comedy produced by Samuel Bischoff was released in the United States today by Warner Brothers.


    1935: Catcher Bill Starr made is major league debut with the Washington Senators.


    1935: Barnett Janner, a member of the British House of Commons, told the World Zionist Congress today that "Palestine stands as a complete vindication of the Jewish race."


    1936: The Palestine Government revealed tonight it had deported fifteen Jewish Communists and one Armenian and was prepared to send a second group from the country next Wednesday in an effort to end disorders now in their nineteenth week.  The government did not explain how deporting Jews would end violence which the government itself admitted was started by the Arabs


    1936(5th of Elul, 5696): Seventeen year old Shoshana Laznicki succumbed to wounds she had suffered at the hands of Arab gunman who had shot at her and a group of friends riding in a car near Tel Aviv on the previous Friday.  She was the 76thvictim of the latest Arab wave of violence.


    1938: Funeral services are scheduled to be held this afternoon in Manhattan for Jacob Adelman, the husband of Estella Adelman
    1938: Anti-Jewish riots began today in Bransk, Poland.


    1938 Premier of “You Can't Take It With You,” the screen adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, two of the Jewish giants of Broadway with a screenplay by Robert Riskin and music by Dimitri Tiomkin.


    1939: Germany and the Soviet signed a Union Non-Aggression pact. If Germany were to invade Poland, then the Soviet Union would not interfere. The pact would lead to the Soviets and Germany dividing Poland. Britain reacted with a call for the mobilization of its civil and military forces. This agreement gave Hitler his “green light” for the invasion of Poland, which marked the start of World War II and the end of European Jewry as we knew it.


    1940: Junior Hadassah, the young women's Zionist organization, established at its annual convention today a war emergency fund for youth needs in Palestine


    1940: “From Nurse to Worse” a comedy starring The Three Stooges – Moe Howard, Larry Fine & Curly Howard – and featuring Ned Glass and Cy Schindell was released today in the United States.


    1941: In Berlin, Himmler, gave notice of a new Nazi policy.  Henceforth, Jews would no longer be permitted to leave German occupied Europe.


     


    1942: Birthdate of Lawrence Ira Brezner, the Brooklyn born movie producer who “made” the movie career of Robin Williams and Billy Crystal.




    1942: The USS Blue, a destroyer that had survived Pearl Harbor thanks to Ensigns Nathan Asher and Milton Moldane was scuttled today in “Iron Bottom Sound” after having been “damaged beyond repair” yesterday in fighting off the coast of Guadalcanal.


    1942: Cardinal Jules Saliège of Toulouse issued a pastoral letter today condemning the persecution of the Jews.


    1942: Fifty-eight year old Grete (Seligmann) Adelsheimer was transported from Stuttgart to Terezin today after which she would be sent to Auschwitz where she was murdered in 1944.


    1942: The O.S.E. (a Jewish humanitarian organization formed in 1912) and the Eclaireurs Israélites de France joined forces with other groups to begin to work on saving Jews who have been arrested in and around Lyons.


    1943: Birthdate of Rhodesian native Norman Geras, the Oxford educated “political theorist,” University of Manchester Professor and author of works about Karl Marx.



    1944: In Queens, New York, the cornerstone was laid for the Joseph Bulova School of Watchmaking which was designed to train disabled war veterans and provide them with a useful trade.  Stanley Simon Bulova’s industrial relations director shepherded the school into being. Long before the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 made such amenities familiar, he oversaw the construction of a building specifically tailored to the needs of disabled people. (As reported, in part by Margalit Fox)


    1944:  Rumania surrenders to the Allies – in this case to the advancing Soviet Army.  Hope of survival comes to the Jews of this Axis nation where half of the pre-war population survived thanks to King Michael’s decision to capitulate.


    1946: “The Big Sleep” co-starring Lauren Bacall, with music by Max Steiner and featuring Ben Welden was released today in the United States by Warner Brothers.


    1950(10th of Elul, 5710): Seventy-two year old former New York State Senator and City Judge Henry G. Schackno passed away today in the Bronx.


    1952: Formation of the Arab League.  The League’s charter did not call for the destruction of the state of Israel.  It did not have to since the organizing members had invaded the Jewish state in 1948 with just that intent.  The league did expel Egypt when Sadat signed the treaty with Begin.  Years later Egypt was readmitted, but not forgiven.  In the early part of the decade, the league did agree to consider “normalizing relations with Israel” after she withdrew to the pre-1967 borders including the surrender of Jerusalem.


    1953(12th of Elul, 5713): Seventy-nine year old Louis M. Cahn, a native of Ashland, Ohio, graduate of Harvard Law School and the Secretary of the Maxwell Street Settlement House in Chicago  passed away today.



     


     


    1957(26th of Av, 5717): “Two guards of the Israeli Mekorot water company were killed near Kibbutz Beit Govrin.”


    1957(26th of Av, 5717): Seventy-six year old Parisian Eugene Paul Louis Schueller, the founder of the cosmetic and beauty company L’Oreal and employer of Efrayim Khahneman, whom he rescued from the Nazis which meant that Efrayim and his wife Rachel could give birth to Nobel Prize winner Daniel Kahneman passed away today.


    1959: Birthdate of Eitan Cabal, the native of Rosh HaAyin who served in the Knesset as a member of the Labor Party.


    1959: In “Landowska: Romantic Scholar” published today Harold C. Schonberg provides a biography of harpsichordist Wanda Landowska who had recently passed away.



    1959: In Philadelphia, Mary Louise (née Beatty) and John Herbert Adler gave birth to future New Jersey Congressman John Herbert Adler.


    1960(30th of Av, 5720): Sixty-five year old Oscar Hammerstein II Broadway librettist passed away. The Jewish team of Rogers and Hammerstein almost singled handedly defined that uniquely American entertainment medium – the Broadway Musical.  Two of their seminal works were “Oklahoma” and “Carousel.



    1960(30th of Av, 5720): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1961: Premiere of “The Young Doctors” co-starring George Segal in his first movie and Ina Ballin as “Cathy Hunt” with music by Elmer Bernstein and filmed by cinematographer Arthur J. Ornitz.


    1961: “The Honeymoon Machine” a computer comedy produced by Lawrence Weingarten, featuring Marcel Hillaire was released in the United States today by MGM.


    1962(23rd of Av, 5722): While serving as Minister of Housing and Construction, 50 year old Dr Giora Yoseftal passed away.  Born in Germany in 1912, he made Aliyah in 1938, fought with the British Army in WW II before working in the Jewish Agency’s Aliyah Department.



    1964(15th of Elul, 5724): Sixty year old Louis Pollock, the native of Liverpool who gave up a career in advertising to become a Hollywood screenwriter passed away today.



    1965(25th of Av, 5725): Sixty nine year old “graphic artist Asa Cheffetz” the husband of Alice Cheffets and  who “in 1944 designed and engraved the official bookplate for the Library of Congress” passed away today.





     


    1969: Two Jordanian students try to blow up the Israeli Commercial Fair at Izmir, Turkey.


    1972: Final broadcast of “The Super” a comedy series created by Rob Reiner, Phil Mishkin and Garry Isenberg.


    1973(25th of Av, 5733): Sixty-eight year old forensic psychiatrist and author Dr. Henry A. Davidson, the Newark, NJ born son of physician and husband of “the former Adelaide Heyman with whom he had two children – Laurence and Ellen – passed away today.



    1973:  In response to threats from Moshe Dayan that he either be made head of the government or he would bolt the Labor party, Israel Galili, at the behest of Prime Minister Meir, circulated a document intended to create a compromise between the competing forces within the Labor Party.  Dayan led those who sought to aggressively expand Jewish Settlements in the West Bank.  He was opposed by Abba Eban and Pinchas Sapir.  The compromise called for the creation of 30 new West Bank settlements over the next four years. The settlements were not to be built in areas with a high density of Arab population.  But at Dayan’s insistence all these 30 additional settlements along with 46 that had already been built would be within the borders of Israel at the end of any future peace negotiations with the Arabs.


    1975(16th of Elul, 5735): Seventy-three year old screenwriter Sidney Robert Buchman, the native of Duluth, Minnesota and Columbia University graduate who served as President of the Screen Writers Guild of America who ended up on the infamous Hollywood Blacklist passed away today.


    http://zenithcity.com/thisday/august-23-1975-death-of-duluth-screenwriter-sidney-buchman/




     1980: The curtain came down today on a Broadway revival of Lerner and Loewe’s Camelot, which had opened in July


    1980: The original Australian production of “They’re Playing Our Song,” “a musical with a book by Neil Simon, lyrics by Carole Bayer Sager, and music by Marvin Hamlisch” opened today at the Royal Theatre in Sydney.


    1980: Jewish dissident Iosif Begun went on trial today as the Soviet Union pursued its “anti-Zionist campaign.”


    1981(23rd of Av, 5741): Seventy-six year old Elias Picheny, the native of Fostov, Ukraine, the  American social worker and husband of Ukrainian born Dora Wortham Pichney with whom he had two children – Jacob and Joel.




    1982(4th of Elul, 5742): Sixty-six year old Alfred S. Bloomingdale, the son of Hiram Bloomingdale and the heir to fortune connected with the department store chain that bears his family’s name passed away today.




     1985: A month after opening in Hong Kong, “The Protector” directed and written by James Glickenhaus was released today in the United States.


    1985: In Santa Monica, CA, “Michael D. Miller, a real estate investor, and Miriam (Glosser) Miller” to Stephen Miller, the Duke University graduate who began serving “as Senior Advisor to the President for Policy” in the Trump administration on January 20, 2017.


    1990(2nd of Elul, 5750): David Rose, British born American songwriter, composer and conductor passed away.  The four- time Emmy winner is known for his work such television hits as Bonanza as well as musical creations including The Stripper and Calypso Melody.



    1991: After two days of riots in Crown Heights, the police shifted tactics and the violence began to subside.


    1992(24th of Av, 5752): Eighty-seven year old defense lawyer Abraham Brodsky passed away.



    1995: “Drunks” a film set at an AA meeting co-starring Richard Lewis premiered at the Boston Film Festival.


    1995(27th of Av, 5755): Ninety-six year old Alfred Eisenstaedt, one of the greatest photojournalist of all time passed away.  You may not know his name, but you know his work.  For once, a picture is indeed worth a thousand words so here are several places to look. (Editor’s Note – For all of us put film in a camera, people like Eisenstaedt were like the gods on Olympus, or in my case Canon)









    1998: The New York Times book section featured  reviews of the memoir of an alcoholic who grew up in an observant Jewish household in an affluent New Jersey suburb and who changed her life after a car crash involving her parent entitledSlow Motion: A True Story by Dani Shapiro and  Living the Bill of Rights: How to Be an Authentic American in which Jewish historian, writer and civil libertarian Nat Hentoff offers “profiles of Americans who, Hentoff believes, embody the constitutional ideals expressed in the Bill of Rights.”


    1998(1st of Elul, 5758): Rosh Chodesh Elul


    1998: Broadcast of the first episode of “That ‘70’s Show” a sit-com co-starring Mila Kunis.


    1999(11th of Elul, 5759): Hollywood screenwriter Norman Wexler whose works included "Saturday Night Fever”, and "Mandingo" passed away.



    2000(22nd of Av, 5760): Seventy-eight year old Herman Clurman, the son of Lena Shimshak and Morris J. Clurman and the husband of Gloria A. (Glick) Clurman passed away today and was buried at the Montefiore Cemetery in Queens.


    2000: “The Art of War” co-starring Maury Chaykin as “Frank Capella” was released in the United States today by Warner Brothers.


    2002(15th of Elul, 5762): Ninety-four year old Louise Rosenfield Noun “a Grinnell College graduate for whom the college's program in women's studies is named, died today, at the Iowa Jewish Senior Life Center in Des Moines.



    2003(25th of Av, 5763): Seventy-three year old Fruma Rahel Wiezt of Jerusalem died today from the wounds she suffered during the Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing on August 19.


    2003(25th of Av, 5763): Seventy-nine year old “Yiddish speaking actor” Hy Anzell passed away today.



    2005:  Haaretz reported that Dalia Rabikovitch had passed away at the age of 69. Rabikovitch was born in Ramat Gan in 1936.  Her name and her works may not be known to many in America.  But in Israel she was described as“one of the main pillars of Hebrew poetry." She also wrote poetry for children and translated American and English poetic works into Hebrew. She had won both the Bialik Prize and the Israel Prize. Ms. Rabikovitch was a vociferous critic of Israel’s 1982 invasion of Lebanon.


    2006: Peter “Falk’s memoir Just One More Thing was published by Carroll & Graf” today.


    2006: The Wall Street Journal announced that Rite Aid which was founded by Alex Grass “would be buying the Eckerd Pharmacy and Brooks Pharmacy chains.”


    2006: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel has bought two new submarines from Germany. The new submarines - called the U212 - will be fitted with a new German technology in which the propulsion system combines a conventional diesel lead-acid battery system and an air-independent propulsion system used for slow, silent cruising, with a fuel cell equipped with oxygen and hydrogen storage. Yes the Jewish state is litterally getting “U-boats” the name given to Nazi Scourge of the North Atlantic in World War II. 


     2006(29th of Av, 5766): St.-Sgt. Alex Assaf, 21, from Karmiel, was killed and three others were injured when a company of soldiers of the Givati Brigade accidentally walked into a minefield in southern Lebanon near Mount Dov, also known as the Shaba Farms. A platoon commander was listed in serious condition, the battalion commander Lt.-Col. Bassam sustained moderate wounds and another soldier was lightly wounded. The Jerusalem Post published the following link listing all who had lost their lives before the cease fire.In Memoriam - JPost.com special project


    2007: Representatives of the Kabbalah Center confirmed that pop star Madonna, actress Demi Moore, actor Ashton Kutcher and fashion designer Donna Karan are among the famous faces scheduled to arrive as part of a Kabbalah Center tour being organized for the High Holidays.


    2008: An exhibition entitled "From Distant Places to Dubuque's Shores: 175 Years of Jewish Life" opens at the National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium in Dubuque, Iowa. Alexander Levi blazed many trails in Dubuque. According to an article in the Telegraph-Herald, Dubuque's first Jewish settler, Levi became the state's first naturalized citizen, spent 50 years as a Mason and served as Dubuque Justice of the Peace. A successful miner and mine provisioner, Levi's dry-goods establishment became one of the largest and best-known retail stores of its time. Now, Levi's story and Dubuque's Jewish history are featured in the latest exhibit at the National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium. "From Distant Places to Dubuque's Shores: 175 Years of Jewish Life" premieres at the museum Saturday, Aug. 23, and runs through the end of the year. "We are so thrilled," said Karin Pritikin, a lead exhibit organizer with the Alexander Levi Heritage Project, a volunteer initiative of Dubuque's Temple Beth El. Project organizers used a $5,000 competitive award from the city of Dubuque and a $3,000 "mini grant" from Humanities Iowa/The National Endowment for the Humanities to create a multimedia exhibit. "This is a unique exploration of Jewish history that is long overdue," said Jerry Enzler, the river museum's executive director. "It shows how diverse Dubuque was in its very founding." Levi emigrated from France in 1833 and was followed by other French Jews. By the end of the 19th century, most of Dubuque's Jewish population came from Russia or Poland. Over the decades, as their numbers ebbed and swelled, Dubuque's Jewish community founded several congregations, a Jewish cemetery, a political club, a ladies aid society and Hebrew schools. "Levi founded Dubuque's first Jewish congregation," Pritikin said. One of the exhibit's recurring themes is Dubuque's historic climate of religious tolerance:


    * Levi was an early donor to Father Samuel Mazzuchelli, as the pioneering clergyman built Dubuque's first Catholic Church, St. Raphael's.


    * Jews and non-Jews entered into successful and enduring business partnerships beginning in the early 19th century.


    * Jewish citizens were elected and appointed to government posts at the local and state level.


    * The dedication of Temple Beth El in 1939 was presided over by a Catholic judge, attended by Dubuque residents of many faiths and included an ecumenical service with participation from Methodist clergy.”


    2008: Police discovered that Vandals had painted 11 swastikas on some of the 2,700 gray slabs of Berlin's Holocaust memorial today. A police statement said the red and black Nazi symbols were discovered by a guard at the monument and were immediately wiped off the seven slabs affected.


    2008: Two wooden boats carrying dozens of human rights activists reached the Gaza Strip on this afternoon after the Israeli navy decided not to hinder the challenge to Israel's blockade of the Palestinian enclave.


    2008: Galit Chait “a former Israeli competitive ice dancer” “married former Italian military policeman Francesco Moracci in New Jersey” today.


    2009: In New York City the Le Poisson Rouge Art Gallery’s third exhibition of the works of Itamar Jobani, the renowned Israeli installation artist, comes to an end.


    2009: The Washington Post features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Wrestling with Moses: How Jane Jacobs Took On New York's Master Builder and Transformed the American City by Anthony Flint.


    2009: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Why This World: A Biography of Clarice Lispector by Benjamin Moser.


    2009(3rd of Elul, 5769): Ninety-year old Stanley Kaplan, a pathfinder in the fields of test preparation and for-profit education passed away today. (As reported by Karen W. Arneson)



    2010: As part of its Hints of Elul series, Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to present “Create in Me a Clean Heart, O God; and Renew a Right Spirit within Me. (Psalm 51:12)”


     


    2010: Norway's Ministry of Finance announced that the Norway Oil Fund divested from Africa-Israel Investments and Danya Cebus Ltd. Today. The reason given is the companies' construction in the West Bank.


    2010: The monumental chestnut tree that cheered Anne Frank while she was in hiding from the Nazis was toppled by wind and heavy rain today.  The once mighty tree, now diseased and rotted through the trunk, snapped about 3 feet (1 meter) above ground and crashed across several gardens. It damaged a brick wall and several sheds, but nearby buildings — including the Anne Frank House museum — escaped unscathed. No one was injured, a museum spokeswoman said.


    2010: The 14 Israeli police officers who will leave for earthquake ravaged Haiti as part of the U.N. multinational force, attended a ceremony at the Western Wall today ahead of their scheduled departure on early next week.  The delegation constitutes the first-ever Israeli group to serve in active duty under the command of the United Nations. The police officers will remain in Haiti for an extended period of time


    2010(13th of Elul, 5770): Seventy-two year old Vienna, Austria native and “noted civil right and criminal defense lawyer Tom Adler, the grandson of Guido Adler, who worked “to recover family assets stolen by the Nazis” passed away today.


    2010(13th of Elul, 5770): Eighty-nine year old song writer George David Weiss passed away (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    2011: The Board of Trustees of Tifereth Israel Dinner and Meeting is scheduled to take place this evening Columbus, Ohio.


    2011: Open Mic Night is scheduled tonight at the Off The Wall Comedy Empire in Jerusalem.


    2011: Roni Ish-Ran, a musician and payytan from Nahla’ot and the Beit Abba band are scheduled to perform this evening in Jerusalem.


    2011: The Israeli intelligence community is in disagreement regarding Hamas’s involvement in the recent round of violence between Israel and terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip.


    2011: Officially, Hamas has claimed it was not involved in the attacks near Eilat on August 18, which Israel attributed to the Popular Resistance Committees, or in the firing of more than 150 rockets and mortars into Israel, which came to a tentative end on yesterday with the institution of a tense ceasefire.


    2011: Australia today joined the growing ranks of Western nations that have decided to boycott the so-called Durban III conference set to take place at the United Nations headquarters next month.Canberra announced it would not take part in the tenth anniversary commemoration of the Durban World Conference on Racism citing concern it would be exploited by Israel's foes and focus unfairly on the Jewish State.


    2011: "Jewish centers and synagogues were evacuated by the earthquake that was felt up and down the east coast. Staffers at synagogues in Washington D.C. and Richmond, Va., the city closest to the epicenter, tried to calm one another’s jangled nerves as they checked their buildings for structural damage. At Adas Israel, the largest Conservative synagogue in Washington, Executive Director Glenn Easton ordered the building evacuated after the quake ended. A lunch for seniors was stopped midway, and 100 people filed out of the building." (As reported by Naomi Zeveloff)


    2012: Dr. Peggy Pearlstein, the head of the Hebraic Section at the Library of Congress is scheduled to lead a noontime discussion of People of the Book by Geraldine Brooks.


    2012: President Shimon Peres called on German President Joachim Gauck today to resolve the German legal issues around circumcision, Army Radio reported. "Circumcision has constituted a central aspect of our nation's Jewish identity over thousands of years. The value of religious freedom for the Jewish community must be preserved," Peres wrote Gacuk in a letter. Peres hosted Gauck at the Presidential Residence in May.


    2012: Hezbollah should be placed on the European Union’s terror list, Philipp Missfelder, Bundestag foreign policy spokesman for German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party, wrote The Jerusalem Post today.


     2012: A man in Melbourne accused of taunting his neighbors with anti-Semitic abuse was evicted from his apartment. Adam Schipkie, 28, was ordered by a government tribunal from his local council flat today after residents, including some Holocaust survivors, complained.


    2012: Temple Shalom of Auburn, ME is scheduled to sponsor a field trip to the Maine Jewish Museum at Congregation Etz Chaim in Portland, Maine.


    2012: Publication of “The Forgotten Refugees” a film about the one million Jews driven from their homes in Arab and Moslem countries.



    2013: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Temple Judah is scheduled to host a Musical Shabbat followed by the installation of new congregational officers.


    2013: “Fill the Void” is scheduled to be shown at several theatres in New England include the Roxy in Burlington, VT, the Colonial in Keene, NH and the Strand in Rockland, ME


    2013: San Diego mayor Bob Filner is expected to resign today.


    2013: Israeli fighter jets bombed targets south of Beirut early this morning in what the IDF spokesperson said was retaliation for rocket attacks against northern Israel the day before. . (As reported by Ilan Ben Zion)


    2013: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the rocket fire from Lebanon that landed in northern Israel yesterday


    2013(17th of Elul, 5773): Eighty-eight year old psychiatrist and author William Glasser passed away today. (As reported by Paul Vitello)



    2014: At the Chabad House in Iowa City. Moishie Blesofsky, the son of Rabbi Avremel and Chaya Blesofsky is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah.


    2014(27th of Av, 5774): Eighty-year old Philippine de Rothschild passed away today.(As reported by Douglas Martin)



    2014(27th of Av, 5774): Seventy-five year old historian Michael Katz passed away today. (As reported by Paul Vitello)



    2014: In Tel Aviv, The Titanic Exhibition that includes “hundreds of artifacts” from the unsinkable ship is scheduled to come to an en


    2014: The Tel Aviv Performing Arts Center is scheduled to host a “Tribute to Ofra  Haza” as part of its  August Concert Series.


    2014: Over 100 rockets were fired on Israel from Gaza today with one hitting the dining hall at the kibbutz where a four year had been killed the day before and another injuring two people in parkinglot in Beersheva.


    2014: Two children were injured by shrapnel when five rockets were fired from Syria at the northern Golan Heights tonight, after a rocket fired from Lebanon hit an empty house in the Western Galilee earlier.


    2014: “A long list of Hollywood heavyweights” including Mayim Bialik, Minnie Driver, Kelsey Grammer, Seth Rogen, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Sarah Silverman, and Sylvester Stallone have put their names to a letter slamming Hamas over the “devastating loss of life endured by Israelis and Palestinians in Gaza” and condemning the “ideologies of hatred and genocide which are reflected in Hamas’ charter, Article 7 of which reads, ‘There is a Jew hiding behind me, come on and kill him!’”


    2015:  The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish writers and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Two-State Delusion: Israel and Palestine – A Tale of Two Narratives by Padraig O’Malley,  The Prize: Who’s in Charge of America’s Schools? by Dale Russakoff, Machines of Love Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots by John Markoff and Faith ED. – Teaching About Religion in an Age of Intolerance by Linda K. Wertheimer.


    2015: In London, The UK Jewish Film which “is dedicated to developing an environment in which Jewish film entertains, educates and enlightens diverse audiences in the UK and internationally is scheduled to host a showing of “The Cobbler” starring Adam Sandler.


    2015: In Atlanta, the William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum is scheduled to the “Girls Lead Theatre Workshop.”


    2015: In Baltimore, Dr. Greg Metcalf is scheduled to lecture on “From the Jazz Singer to Alvy Singer: The Depiction of Jews in Hollywood Film from Al Jolson to Woody Allen.”


    2015: The Jewish Museum of Maryland is scheduled to host a screening of “Gentlemen’s Agreement.”


    2015: Bob Geminder, a native of Wroclaw, Poland who survived the Shoah is scheduled to speak at the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust.


    2015: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host “Bagel On!” “a Jewishly Fun Fair.”


    2015: Shai Tsabari, the Jaffa born Yemenite singer-song writer, and the Middle East Groove Stars are scheduled to open at Joe’s Pub


    2016(19th of Av, 5776): Eighty-five year old Nobel Prize winner Reinhard Selten, “who was expelled from school in Germany because he was half Jewish” passed away today.



    2016(19th of Av, 5776): Ninety-four year old actor Steven Hill passed away today.



    2016: “Better Late Than Never” co-starring William Shatner and Henry Winkler is scheduled to premiere on NBC.


    2017(1st of, 5777): Rosh Chodesh Elul – Begin sounding the shofar.


    2017: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told Russian President Vladimir Putin during a meeting in Sochi, Russia, today that "Iran is increasing its efforts to establish its military foothold in Syria which is dangerous for Israel, the Middle East and the whole world.”


    2017: Today “US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman appeared to critique US President Donald Trump’s response to the racially motivated violence in Charlottesville earlier this month.” (As reported by Raoul Wootliff)


    2017: Four female students from the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, including two Americans, who were among a group of 15 rabbinical, cantorial and Jewish education students from North America and Australia who joined about 200 men and women in an egalitarian service held this morning on the plaza behind the men’s and women’s sections were asked to lift their shirts and skirts for security before being allowed to enter the Western Wall plaza.


    2017: The Israel Foreign Ministry said today that “six tons of food aid were distributed to residents of a village in a drought-stricken area of South Sudan.”


    2017: Bat Yam is scheduled to open “its streets and boardwalk for a theatre festival” that lasts three days.


    2017: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to host “Hidden in Plain Sight: Forgotten Je