70: According to Josephus, Titus began the battering operations against the wall of the Temple Court 6:4)
634: Abu Bakr, the father-in-law of Mohammed and first Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate who was a leader in the “campaign against the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir” passed away today.
634: Um ibn Al-khattab, who was accompanied by Ka‘ab al-Aḥbār a Yemenite rabbi and early convert to Islam on his journey to Jerusalem, succeeded Abu Bakar as the second Caliph of The Rashidun Caliphate today.
1241: Pope Gregory IX passed away today. “Gregory IX was a prominent opponent of Judaism during his life, condemning it as "containing every kind of vileness and blasphemy". In the 1234 Decretals, he invested the doctrine of perpetua servitus iudaeorum – perpetual servitude of the Jews – with the force of canonical law. According to this, the followers of the Talmud would have to remain in a condition of political servitude until Judgment Day. The doctrine then found its way into the doctrine of servitus camerae imperialis, or servitude immediately subject to the Emperor's authority, promulgated by Frederick II. The Jews were thus suppressed from having direct influence over the political process and the life of Christian states into the 19th century with the rise of liberalism. In 1239, under the influence of Nicholas Donin, a Jewish convert to Christianity, Gregory ordered that all copies of the Jewish Talmud be confiscated. Following a public disputation between Christians and Jewish theologians, this culminated in a mass burning of some 12,000 handwritten Talmudic manuscripts on June 12, 1242, in Paris. Subsequent popes repeated this practice.”
1280: Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia arrived in Rome today.
1280: Pope Nicholas III whom Kabbalist and self-proclaimed Messiah “Abraham be Samuel Abulafia had tried to convert” passed away today before he could hear the request from Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia to “release captive Jews.” (Jewish Virtual Library)
1370: Judah Alatzar of Barcelona, a Spanish Jew, lent the king and queen 110,000 sueldos so they could equip ten ships which would transfer the Pope from Rome to Avignon.
1400: On the day that Emperor Wenceslaus was deposed and Rupert of the Paletine was elected his successor, seventy-seven Jews were executed and three weeks later three more were led to the stake.
1454: Jews of Brno (now a city in the Czech Republic; then a free imperial city of Moravia) were expelled by King Ladislaus
1485: In England the forces of Richard III are defeated at the Battle of Bosworth Field, where Richard loses and the House of Plantagenet loses control of the throne to the House of Tudor. It was a Plantagenet king who expelled the Jews from England. Henry VIII, the second Tudor King to sit on the throne, promised that no Jews would be allowed to live in England as part of the marriage agreement with his Spanish born wife. But Henry would inadvertently open the way for the Jews to return when he broke with the Catholic Church over the matter of his divorce. So, on balance, the outcome of the Battle of Bosworth Field was a win for the Jews even though they were not there and the “win” was a long time in coming.
1604: An exemption was issued by the Pope allowing Portuguese conversos to seek pardon for their "offenses," and have their items returned to them. This order was not respected by the Inquisition in the New World.
1614: Vincent Fettmilch of Frankfurt, a former pastry cook and leader of the Guilds, calling himself the "new Haman of the Jews" attacked the synagogue while the community was at prayer. Although many tried to organize a defense, they were soon overpowered and many took shelter in the cemetery while the community was destroyed. He and his accomplices were hanged and quartered for it 2 years later. They were not hanged for their attacks on the Jews. They were hanged because they had decided to attack the wealthy nobles.
1634: Fifty-three year old MP and English Hebraist Rowland Cotton passed away today.
1639: Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers. Jewish merchants played a significant role in Madras as can be seen from the fact that three Jewish merchants were among the 12 Alderman nominated to serve on the first local governing council established in 1688. One of the first Jews who came to Madras with special permission to reside and trade there was Jacques (Jaime) de Paiva (Pavia), originally from Amsterdam. Most Jews living in Madras were or English or Portuguese origin. They exported diamonds extracted from the mines at Goloconda to England and imported silver and coral. The Jewish community in Madras no longer exists but evidence of its vitality can be seen the Jewish cemetery located on Mint Street.
1642: King Charles I effectively began the English Civil War by branding the members of the House of Commons as traitors. As a result of the war, Charles would lose his head and Cromwell would become head of the English government. Cromwell made it possible for the Jews to return to England in an open fashion after a three century absence.
1654: John Lightfoot the English clergyman, Hebraist and Biblical scholar whose works included A Handful of Gleanings out of the Book of Exodus“preached before the House of Commons” today.
1654: Jacob Barsimson, who some claim was the first Jew to settle in North America, arrived in New Amsterdam. However, the official founding of the Jewish community in the United States is dated from September 23, 1654 when 23 Jewish refugees arrived from Recife.
1664: Kings Charles II of England responded to a petitions from “the Hebrews in his realm” by saying that as long as they (the Jews) demean themselves peaceably and with due submission to the laws, they may presumed they will enjoy the same favor as they formerly held.
1664: In England, the Jews were granted Royal protection
1681(7thof Elul, 5441): “Haham Hashalem R Israel De Avila passed away today after which he was buried at the Velho Sephardic Cemetery” in London.
1694(1stof Elul, 5454): Venetian rabbi Samuel Aboab, the son of Abraham Aboab, whose works included Debar Shemuel" (Word of Samuel and who was involved with Nathan of Gaza, passed away today.
1752: Eighty-four year old William Whiston best known for his translation of the works of Josephus including Antiquities of the Jews passed away today.
1776(7th of Elul, 5536): Ashner Anschel Franckel, the son of Menachem Mendel Franckel and Sara Sussel Bacharach passed away today.
1787(8th of Elul, 5547): Sarah Barrow, the wife of Lazarus Barrow and mother of Aaron and Benjamin Barrow passed away today in London.
1791: Seventy-four year old Johann David Michaelis part of family of Christian Hebraists including Johann Heinrich Michaelis “the author of an annotated Hebrew Bible, who wrote a dissertation defending “the antiquity and divine authority of the Hebrew vowel points, passed away today.
1800(1stof Elul, 5560): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1800: Birthdate of Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar.
1802: Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, the Batavian (Dutch) Ambassador to France delivered a note to the French foreign minister on behalf of the Jews of Germany.
1804(15thof Elul, 5564): Elizabeth “Esther” Whitlock Cohen a native of England who converted to Judaism when she married Moses Mordecai in Philadelphia and was the mother of four sons – Jacob, Isaac, Joseph and Mordecai – passed away in Richmond, VA.
1810 Birthdate of Hirschel Eliazer Kann, one of the founders of Lissa & Kann, a Dutch banking house.
1816: One day after she had passed away, Julia Hart, the daughter of Stephen and Esther Hart, was buried today.
1821: Solomon Corlyn married Leah Wilks at the Great Synagogue today.
1821: On this day came an end of the Spanish Inquisition in Venezuela. The Venezuela government wrote, "The Tribunal of the Inquisition, also known as the Holy Office, shall be abolished."
1827: Menahem Monas ben Akiva married Malkah bat Jacob at the New Synagogue today.
1832: Angel Haas married Elizabeth Mendoza at the Great Synagogue today.
1832: Moses Mordecai married Kitty Isaacs at the Hambro Synagogue today.
1833: Birthdate of Prussian native William Raphael, the graduate of the Berlin School of Fine who pursued his painting career in Montreal where “he was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
1836: Birthdate of Theobold Epstein, professor at the Philanthropin Secondary School, the husband of Auguste Seligman and the father of Paul Epstein.
1843(26 Av, 5603): Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the third Rebbe of the Chabad dynasty, popularly known as the "Tzemach Tzedek," finally departed Petersburg having successfully prevented the government's disruption of traditional Jewish life. “In 1843, the Interior Ministry of the Czarist government convened a rabbinical conference in the Russian capital of Petersburg, to the end of imposing changes in Jewish communal life and religious practice. Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch (1789-1866, known as the "Tzemach Tzeddek" after his Halachic works by that name) was invited; as a primary figure in the leadership of Russian Jewry, his compliance was required to lend legitimacy to the government's proposed "reforms". In the course of the conference, the Tzemach Tzeddek was placed under arrest no less than 22 (!) times for his refusal to cooperate.” Third in the line of leaders of the Chabad movement was after the title of his voluminous responsa.
1849: Sara Marx, the daughter of Samuel Marx married Israel Lazarus today in Trier.
1851: In Wolfenbuttel, Philipp and Julie Ehrenberg gave birth to Victor Gabriel Ehrenberg
1851: Birthdate of Daniel Frohman, the native of Sandusky Ohio, who joined with his brothers Charles and Gustave to become a successful theatrical producer and movie producer.
1853: Solomon Nunes Carvalho, a South Carolina born Sephardic Jew signed on with explorer and U.S. military officer John C. Fremont as an artist and daguerreotypist. Carvalho would create a pictorial record of the “Pathfinder’s” expedition that explored the Rocky Mountain region.
1855: Mademoiselle Rachel, the great French Tragedienne, whose visit to the United States has been proclaimed in all the public prints for some months past, arrived today on the SS Pacific. Mademoiselle Rachel is Elizabeth Rachel Felix, the daughter of a German-Swiss Jew named Felix and his wife Esther Haya. She has an older sister named Sarah with whom she used to sing as a child.
1855: Birthdate of Franz Heyse, the first son of Paul Heyse, German-Jewish author and translator.
1858: Twenty year old Jeanette Herzl married Jacob Herzl.
1858: It was recorded today that the Jewish community of Pilsen “celebrated the birth of the Prince” by collecting “20 silver florins” which were given “to the royal and imperial regional administration to divide among the poor.”
1859: In Austria the government promised enactment of “liberal legislation” that would improve the conditions of the Jews including an unrestricted right to own real estate.
1860(4th of Elul, 5620): Samuel Holdheim passed away. Born in 1806, he was a German rabbi and author, and one of the early leaders of the Reform Movement in Judaism.1862: During the Civil War, David Benjamin began a three year hitch with the 141stRegiment which he would complete with the rank of Corporal in Company D.1862: Philadelphian Simon Arnold, who would be killed at Gettysburg, began serving with Company G of the 140th Regiment1863(6thof Elul, 5623): Seventy-six year old Jacob Rubino, the son of Minkel and Ruben Moses Rubino passed away today.1864: Twelve nations sign the first Geneva Convention creating the Red Cross. The International Red Cross, as opposed to the American organization, has a negative image among Jews because of its unwillingness to recognize the Magen David as a variant of the Cross even though it allows for other variations including the Moslem Red Crescent.1865(30th of Av, 5625): Rosh Chodesh Elul1874: Birthdate of Max Scheler, German philosopher. Born to a Lutheran father and an Orthodox Jewish mother, Scheler opted to convert to Catholicism.1875: A an article was published today that had originally appeared in Fraser’s Magazine (an English publication) which describes a visit to dealer in antiques and jewelry whose small shop is located on a dark and dirty lane in London. The owner of the shop is referred to as “Cohen Hertzog,” although that is not his name and he is described as a “Hebrew” and “a cosmopolitan” – a little old man with high wrinkled forehead and long white beard, a black velvet skull-cap upon his head, keen eyes that sparkle like his diamonds, and an intellect as sharp…as the file with which he tests them.” The Jew’s speech is written in a dialect saying “dese” for these, “tings” for things, etc. And during his oration the Jew reveals that the only thing for which he cares are the gems that he collects and sells. No exactly a portrait of the Rothschilds but certainly a view of the Jew held by many English men and women of the day.1875: “The Talmud” which was published today and was based on information first published in the Cornhill Magazine, a popular Victorian journal describes why this “extensive storehouse of Hebrew wisdom,” this “‘extraordinary monument of human industry, human intelligence and human folly’” has become “a faded memory” for the “greater majority of both Jews and Christians.” The reasons are two-fold. First, the Talmud is difficult to study and master; having it own lexicon and language. Secondly, from the Christian point of view the Talmud is filled with heresies which Bacon describes as “absurd trash”; the same words he used to describe the Koran, the Spurious Gospels and the Generations of Jesus.1875: “The Author of Toldoth Jeshu” which was published today and was based on material first published in the Cornhill Magazine, a popular Victorian reported that the author of this work known in English as “The Generations of Jesus” was written by a 17th century “Bohemian Jew” known as “Chaim or Joachim who was converted to Christianity and baptized Ferdinand Francis. Thanks to the work of Johann Christoph Wagenseil, the German professor of Oriental Languages, the book was exposed as being blasphemous in its description of Jesus and Ferdinand Francis was condemned to be hanged in the fish market at Vienna. When the condemned man was offered a crucifix by a Jesuit he threw it on the floor and “told the people…that he had only adopted the Christian faith for reason of political convenience.” Ferdinand was then tortured by his captors but did not cry out in pain. When they cut off his hand he said it was just punishment for turning his back on the faith of his fathers. And he continued to utter the prayers of his people until he died. In the meantime, the shops of the Jews were pillaged; they were robbed of their money and gems even if that meant cutting off their fingers and many were stoned to death. [Unfortunately for Ferdinand Francis, Toldoth Jeshu had been around since the 6th century, so he could not have been its author, regardless of what he or Wagenseil might have said.]1877: Max Furchgott of Charleston, SC, married Bertha Raffman, the youngest daughter of Phillip Raffman of Neutra, Hungary at the “summer resident of the bride’s parents in Sarluska, Hungary.1880: “A Lost Tribe” published today reviewed Wojinstwujusci Israil by W.J. Remirowitch-Dantschenko which described his encountered with a tribe in the highlands of the Daghesan that look like Cossacks but are Jews who follow “the Mosaic.” Their presence must date back to the days of the Judean kings since they know nothing about the Second Temple or the Temple. 1880: “The English Oath of Allegiance” published today traced the history of the fight for Jews to take an oath of office that require to say “upon the true faith of a Christian. By 1866, through acts of Parliament there was “a full statutory recognition of the civil equality of Jews with other subjects which though long allowed in practice had never yet been expressly declared.”1882: A review of the new musical “Black Flag” published today described the humorous performance by Nat Goodwin who played the role of “Sim Lazarus, an absurd London Jews of the kind that pleases for some occult reason the sense of the ridiculous in the average Hebrew…” [Goodwin was a famous 19thcentury American actor whose roles included Shylock in “The Merchant of Venice.”] 1883: It was reported to that an unnamed American Jew was expelled from St. Petersburg in accordance with Russian law that forbids Jews from living in the city. 1883: “Christian David Ginsburg, the biblical and Masoretic Scholar reported to Edward A. Bond, Principal Librarian of the British Museum that the manuscript of Deuteronomy which Moses Wilhelm “Shapira has submitted to us for examination is a forgery.”1884(1stof Elul, 5644): Rosh Chodesh Elul1884: It was reported today that fourteen houses and shops belonging to Jews were ransacked and demolished during anti-Jewish riots in Yekaterinoslav, Russia. Two Jews and one rioter were killed during the riots. Unlike other times, the Jews defended themselves from their attackers.1884: In New York, Justice Power is scheduled to hear the case of Alexander Labotsky whose wife Frieda accused him of having deserted her. Frieda came to the United States ago from Poland. Labotsky said he left Poland because of her; that he had sent her papers for a divorce; and that he would support her financially but would never leave with her again as the Judge had previously suggested.1884: “A Midnight Murder” published today described the discovery of the body of Sam Lavner, a Jewish man from Chicago who had murdered by shot fired by an unknown party. “On top of his head and one arm were fastened little cubes which on being cut open were to contain the Ten Commandments in Hebrew, such as used by the orthodox Jews in their worship”1885: The New York Times published a brief outline of the will of Sir Moses Montefiore that was executed in January, 1882. The estate was valued at between 350,000 and 380,000 British pounds. The summary quoted the Jewish Chronicle which listed the multiplicity of his charitable bequests.1885: “The Will of Montefiore” published today uses information that originally appeared in the London Jewish Chronicle to provide a detailed summary of the will of the Sir Moses Montefiore which was executed in January of 1882. The will is twenty pages long and shows that his personal estate is worth between £350,000 and £380,000. The executors include Lord Rothschild, Joseph Sebag and Arthur Cohen. Among those receiving bequest are United Synagogue, Bevis Marks and various charitable institutions in Jerusalem and Palestine.1885: “His Father to the Rescue” published today described an altercation in Chicago between Henry L. Ottenheimer who spanked 8 year old Robbie Garland for calling him a “Polish Jew” and his father R.H. Garland who came to the boy’s rescue.1886: Eighty-four year old Professor Calvin E. Stowe, the husband of Harriet Beecher Stowe passed away. Among his best known works were History of the Hebrew Commonwealth and Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews1887: The will of millionaire Levi Rosenfeld was admitted to probate today in Chicago, Illinois.1887: Abraham Tombitsky who was treated at Gouverneur Hospital is in too much pain because of his fractured leg to give a statement to authorities who are investigating charges that Patrolman John Etterick was responsible for the injury during his attempt to enforce the Sunday Closing Laws by clearing the Hester and Ludlow streets of crowds of Russian and Polish Jews.1888: The ninth free excursion sponsored by the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children will leave from the foot of the 5th street pier and the East River this morning.1889: Birthdate of San Francisco native and composer/songwriter Irving Bilbo.1889: As president of the board of regents of Indiana’s Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Frederick Knefler, the Jewish Civil War general, oversaw today’s laying of the cornerstone in the center of Indianapolis.1891: At Baltimore thirty-nine Russian Jews who arrived aboard the Slavonia and 4 Russian Jews who arrived aboard the Caspian are still waiting to be investigated by authorities for their suitability to land in this country.1891: Birthdate of Jacques Lipchitz. Born Chaim Jacob Lipchitz in Druskininkai, Lithuania, this American artist was a leading Cubist sculptor.1892: Three days after he had passed away, 52 year old Felix Joseph, the son of Abraham and Sarah Joseph was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.1892: Lt. Gen. de Richter, the Czar’s aide-de-camp, acting on “formal instructions” returned the resolution to the New Zealand Legislative Assembly that it asked him to present the Czar urging more humane treatment for Russian Jews because he is not authorized to receive such petitions. 1893: In Long Branch, NJ, which was the location of their Summer Home, New Yorkers Jacob Nery and Eliza Annie Rothschild gave birth to Dorothy Rothschild who gained fame as Dorothy Parker, an American writer and poet best known for her caustic wit, wisecracks, and sharp eye for twentieth century urban foibles. http://www.dorothyparker.com/wordpress/gallery/new-york-times-obituary1893: Birthdate of Frank Glick, the Pittsburg, PA native , the all-star Princeton University Captain, World War I Army Captain and Lehigh University head coach.1893: New York Mayor Thomas Gilroy appeared to respond favorably today to a request from Samuel Gompers, President of the American of Labor that “the municipality” should “help the unemployed and relieve their distress by ‘making working’ for them” 1893: Jacob Milch chaired the meeting of the Hebrew Trades this evening at the Pythagoras Hall.1894(20thof Av, 5654): Dr. Bernhard Grunhut “was drowned at sea” today while sailing to Europe aboard the SS Bothnia.1894: Two days after he had passed away, 74 year old Samuel Harris was buried today at the West Ham Jewish Cemetery.1894: “Religious Duties May Interfere – Hebrews May Not Serve as Inspectors of Election in October,” published today described the plight of Jews who will be limited in their ability to serve as voter registration officers this fall since the first day of registration falls on October 9 which is Erev Yom Kippur. Jewish officials will have to leave their posts early because they have to be in their synagogues before sundown.1894: In Louisville, KY, Alfred and Jennie Brandeis gave birth to Jean Tachau, the niece of Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis.1894: Joseph Goldwasser was arrested this morning on charges of having beaten his 14 year old son Benjamin who is a “deaf-mute.”1894: Julius Marcus, the young Jew who killed Mrs. Juliette Fournier and then shot himself was buried today in Bayside Cemetery by a “Hebrew benevolent society.” Because Marcus was a self-confessed atheist there was no rabbi at the burial which was attended on by his parents, brothers, sisters, nephews and nieces.1894: In Naarden, the Netherlands, Hendrik Cornelis Ardoneus and Catharina Wilhelmina de Vries gave birth to Willem Johan Cornelis Ardondeus who was arrested and executed after participating in the bombing of “the Amsterdam Public Records Office” in an attempt to foil attempts to deport Dutch Jews1895: The first conference of Russian Zionists that was secretly held in Warsaw comes to an end.1895: Edgar Barney the principle of the Hebrew Technical Institute and twelve of his “tutors” took 300 student on an excursion to Coney Island.1895: Sol Rubenstein is trying to replace Frank J. Butler as the Democratic leader of the 12th Assembly District. “Mr. Rubenstein wants the leadership” because of the number of Jewish “votes in the district.”1897: “The disturbances begun on August 20 by the fanatical opponents of the Jews began again today in Pilsen, Bohemia. “An anti-Jewish mob” attacked the police “and then small the window in the synagogue, the Jewish schools and the houses of the best-known Jews.”1897: “Reminiscence of Barney Barnato” published today provided a brief sketch of the personality of the late diamond mining magnate.1897: “Jews Are Split on Zionism” published today described the opposition led by German Rabbis to Zionism and the call they have to “oppose the Zionist ideas as contrary to Judaism” and “to keep away from the Basil Congress.”1898: The funeral of Leopold Minzesheimer, the Superintendent of Mount Sinai Hospital is scheduled to take place at 10 A.M. at the hospital.1898: It was reported today that George Blumenthal is the President of the Mount Sinai Training School for Nurses.1898: “Entertainment for Hebrew Children” published today described a fundraiser organized by Mrs. J.F. Emanuel held at the Waldorf Amusement Hall that raised $900 for the Rockaway Sanitarium for Hebrew Children.1898: It was reported today that Henry Gitterman is the acting President of the Board of Directors of Mt. Sinai Hospital.1899(16th of Elul, 5659): Thirty-three year old Aaron J. Wechsler, the eldest son of the late Joseph Wechsler who was a partner in the dry goods firm of Wechsler & Abraham passed away today at his home in Brooklyn.1899: Fernand Labori, the lead attorney for Alfred Dreyfus returned to the court today after enduring a “murderous attack” on August 14. He was accompanied by his wife, his physician and police inspectors. He was greeted by a cheering throng that wanted to shake his hand.1899: The USS Scorpion (PY-3) which had been commanded by Adolph Marx the first Jewish graduate of the United States Naval Academy during the Spanish-American War was recommissioned today.1900: In Pine Bluff, AR, Adolph and Rachel (Rae Solmson) Bluthenthal gave birth to their first child Adele who as Adele Bluthenthal Heiman would play an active part in the Little Rock, AR, Jewish community where she was an active member of Temple B’Nai Israel, the largest Jewish congregation in the state.1901: Birthdate of New York City native Saul Caston the “associate conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra” until 1945 “when he was hired as the Denver Symphony’s Conductor and Music” which he led with such success that in 1951 Time wrote that “the Denver Symphony was among the leaders in performing American music.”1901: Birthdate of Abraham Ber Tabachnik, the native of Russia who came to the United States in 1921 where he became “a writer, literary critic and editor for the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, a wire service for the Yiddish, Hebrew and Anglo Jewish press.”https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tabachnik-abraham-ber1903: Seventy-three year old Lord Salisbury who was political opponent of Disraeli even though they were both members of the Conservative Party and who served as Prime Minister at the end of the 19th century when Russian persecution of Jews caused some of his countrymen to fear “a wholesale invasion of pauper Jews’ (Something he said during a speech in the House of Lords would not happen) passed away today.1903(29thof Av, 5663): Parashat Re’eh 1903: After attending the Shabbat service in the Basel synagogue, Herzl invites a number of leaders including the Russians Mandelstamm, Yelski, Bernstein-Kohan and Tshlenov as well as Wolfssohn, Marmorek, Cowen and Zangwill into Joseph Cowen's room in order to win them over to the Uganda Project. The final decision is to present the offer to the Congress.1903: In New York, Louis Lipsky and A.H. Simon spoke to those attending a concert given by the Benoth Zion Kadimah.1904: In Galicia, Max and Eugenia (née Dittler) Wilder gave birth to producer and director William Lee Wilder the brother of the more famous Billy Wilder.1906(1stof Elul, 5666): Rosh Chodesh Elul1909: Birthdate of Sergius Kagen, the native of St. Petersburg who was the son of Lithuanian Jew and a Russian atheist who became a leading “American pianist and composer.”1909: Birthdate of Boris Schapiro, the native of Riga who became a British international bridge player.1909: Birthdate of Screenwriter Julius J. Epstein who wrote the un-produced play that became the Academy Award winning film Casablanca. He is also the great-uncle of Theo Epstein, the baseball executive who brought the Red Sox the World Series Championship that broke the Babe Ruth Curse. During the Red Scare, Epstein appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee where he denied being a member of the Communist Party. However, when asked if he had ever worked for a subversive organization he reportedly replied, “Yes, Warner Brothers.”http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/01/nyregion/julius-epstein-prolific-screenwriter-who-helped-give-casablanca-its-zest-dies-91.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0https://www.theguardian.com/news/2001/jan/02/guardianobituaries.filmnews1909: Birthdate of screenwriter Philip G. Epstein, the native of Brooklyn who co-authored the Oscar winning script for “Casablanca” with his twin-brother Juliushttp://www.tabletmag.com/scroll/141861/the-brothers-who-co-wrote-casablanca1911: A weekend long dedication of the Orthodox Home for the Aged Annex in Cleveland came to an end today.1911: During the Tredgar Riots, another day of attacks on the Jews of New South Wales in the worst outbreak of anti-Semitic violence in modern British history.1911: “Football Player’s Romance” published described the impending nuptials of former Yale football John Nathan Levine and Florence Flanders, the sister of one his former teammates with whom he roomed while in college.1913: “The Sea Urchin” a silent film featuring Robert Z. Leonard was released today in the United States.1913: At the Leo Frank trial “opening arguments for both sides were delivered today.”1913: In Brooklyn, Isaac and Sophie Sackler gave birth to “Dr. Arthur M. Sackler, medical researcher, publisher and art collector extraordinaire…”1913: In Marina di Pissa, Italy, Massimo Pontecorvo and his wife Maria née Maroni gave birth to Bruno Pontecorvo the fourth of their eight children and nuclear physicist who authored “numerous studies in high energy physics” with a special emphasis on neutrinos.1914: Lt. Edward Louis Spears, the British liaison officer serving with French General Lanrezac, whom the French ambassador in London would describe as “a most dangerous person…a very able and intriguing Jew who insinuates himself everywhere, witnessed and described the gallant behavior of the 1st Tirailleurs and 2nd Zouaves as they tried to retake the river bridges held by the Germans at Charleroi. (As described by Max Hastings)1914: In Poland, the Russians evacuated Kyeltsi with all that that would mean for the Jews living in Galicia.1915: Based on wireless message sent from Berlin today via Sayville, Long Island, “the Overseas News Agency announces” that Rabbi Levi of the Association of Jews in Germany has issued an appeal to halt the sale of arms to Russia “based on the assumption that American shells are being thrown in Polish town believed to harbor Germans” such as Lemberg which is the home their Jewish co-religionists.1915: It was reported today that “owing to the occupation by the Germans of a great part of the Pale of Jewish Settlements…the condition of the Jews is critical” with 500,000 having been forced to leave their homes and seek shelter in “the interior provinces where they have no legal rights.1915: In Ottumwa, Iowa, founding of Temple B’nai Jacob.1915: It was reported today, that in response to report by Minister of the Interior Cherbattoff on the desperate condition of the Jews, “the Council of the Empire has decided to temporarily permits Jews settle in the cities of the empire with the exception of Moscow, Petrograd and the suburban residences of Czar Nicholas.”1915: In a speech delivered tonight Louis Marshall in which he said that one million Jews in New York would look upon the adoption of a “proposal requiring a literacy test as a voting qualification” by the Constitutional Convention meeting Albany “as a deliberate insult” implying that they would oppose adopting the new state charter; a view which was sharply questioned by Meir Steinbrink, a Jewish Republican from Brooklyn who was also attending the convention.1916: A news dispatch that reached New York today cited a report from Paul Miliukov of Moscow University “that a bill is to be introduced in the Russian Imperial Duma when it convenes in November abolishing the Pale and giving the Jews the same rights as other Russians.”1916: Prime Minister Lloyd George, who favored the Zionist cause address the House of Commons today, providing the members with an update on the war including the face that the Allies had destroyed 35 Zepplins.1917(4th of Elul, 5677): Sixty 60 old banker Robert von Mendelssohn, the son of Paul Alexander Franz* von Mendelssohn and Marie Antoinette Enole Mendelssohn (Biarnez) and husband of Giulietta von Mendelssohn passed away today in Berlin,1917: As of today, Dr. Boris Bogen and Max Senior will begin working with Amsterdam banker Frederick Solomon Van Nierop to deliver funds from Jews in the United States to Jews in Eastern Europe because the Dutch are neutrals and the Americans are now belligerents which means the Central Powers do not want Americans distributing aid to anybody.1918: The Provost Marshall announced today that Jews who have turned 21 since June 5 will not be required to register for the draft on August 24 since it is their Sabbath and will be allowed to register on Monday, August 26.1919: Birthdate of Sir Leo Pliatzky the native of Salford who was “the son of a Russian born English shopkeeper.”http://www.theguardian.com/news/1999/may/07/guardianobituaries.davidwalker1922: Birthdate of Ivry Gitlis, the Haifa born “Israeli violist and UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador.”1922(28thof Av, 5682): Sixty-seven year old Harris Weinstock, the London born son of Solomon and Rachel Lubin Weinstock and husband of Barbara Felsenthal who settled in California where he “co-founded Lubin and Weinstock, a department store, served in the National Guard where he reached the rank of Colonel and “was elected first President of the Commonwealth Club of California” died of a skull fracture today after falling from a horse he was riding.1922: Birthdate of Canadian poet Elizabeth Brewster.http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/obituary-elizabeth-brewsters-journey-of-self-awareness-led-to-prolific-poetry-career/article8226920/1925: Birthdate of Irving David Chais Irving D. Chais, owner and chief surgeon of the New York Doll Hospital.1927: “The Country Doctor,” a silent film starring Rudolph Schildkraut in the title role was released today in the United States.1927: French architect René Sergent, who helped Moise de Camondo design the family mansion on the Parc Monceau which included “a kosher kitchen with separate sections for meat dairy” passed away today.1927: Birthdate of Walter Goodman, the Bronx native and reporter for the New York Times and “the author of a widely read history of the House Committee on Un-American Activities.” (As Reported by Douglas Martin)1928: Birthdate of Slavko Goldstein, the Croatian author who fought in the Israel War for Independence and who worked with his son historian Ivo Goldstein to restore the Zagreb Synagogue. 1931: “An American Tragedy” a film treatment of the novel by the same name directed and produced by Josef von Sternberg was released in the United States today by Paramount pictures.1931: Birthdate of Irmgard Neuman who in 1942 was one of the last nine Jewish inhabitants of Kleinsteinach all of whom died during the Holocaust.1933: The Central Verein Zeitung, the “official organ of the Central Union of German Jews, was ordered closed until September 2 without explanation.”1933: A demand that within the next ten years land and employment must be provided in Palestine for hundreds of thousands of Jews and in the next two generations for millions was the feature of the political report presented in today's session of the Eighteenth World Zionist Congress meeting in Prague by Professor Selig Brodetzky of Leeds, England.1935: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise of New York was invited today to address the World Zionist Congress on Jewry's position throughout the world after he had demanded a full discussion of the situation in Germany.1936: Based on information from “the most reliable authority” an American journalist “learned tonight that it now has been definitely decided to order a stoppage of Jewish immigration from the time of the arrival of the British Royal Commission coming to investigate the Palestine disorders, until after all the work in connection with the investigations and recommendations of the commission has been completed.”1936: “Two British soldiers were wounded today when a military patrol was fired upon by Arabs near Nur-Es-Shem in the Nablus district on the same day that seven Arabs were detained near Kfar Saba for their role in the murder of three Jews on August 21st. 1936: “Captain Wolfgang Fuerstner, the creator of the Olympic Village and one of the last, if not the last “non-Aryan” officer in the German Army who was being forced to leave the service because he was classified as Jewish under the Nuremberg Laws, who committed suicide was buried today with full military honors today.1936: The American consul general in Jerusalem cabled the U.S. Secretary of State to report, “A local committee of five representative Americans (leading Zionists) has been formed to meet the [Senate] party on arrival and has planned propaganda visits to Jewish colonies before proceeding [to] Jerusalem... [The] junket is designed to appeal to pro-Jewish propaganda.... The [British] Chief Secretary of the Palestine Government takes position on grounds of safety alone that the party cannot be permitted to tour country. With this I fully concur, particularly in view of present recrudescence of terrorism and especially as Zionists are sponsoring tour."http://www.israeldailypicture.com/2011/11/congressional-visits-to-israel-is-not.html1937: The Jewish Agency Council successfully completed its deliberations at Zurich. After prolonged deliberations unity had been achieved between the Zionist and non-Zionist members. A unanimously adopted resolution stated that partition or no partition, the Zionist work in Palestine must go on. Dr. Chaim Weitzman stressed that the Jewish people were and would always be deeply conscious of their debt to Great Britain, which had exerted herself to do something for the Jewish people and created the indispensable conditions for the creation of a Jewish National Home. The Zionist Executive resolved to ask the British Government to discuss the implementation and broadening of the Peel Report and to arrange for a joint Jewish-Arab conference.1937: Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich completed his first term as People’s Commissar for Transport of the Soviet Union.1937: The Jewish Variety Hour will premiere at 5 p.m. on CKOC in Hamilton, Canada. Entertainment will be provided by tenor Lou Herman, his three sisters – Fay Miriam and Goldie, tenor Max Mendel and accordionist Sherman Ghan, “the blind musician who has mastered the violin, piano and organ.” 1938(25th of Av, 5698): Jonah Israelovitch, a 36 year old laborer was shot to death by Arab snipers who fired on a bus near Tel Aviv that was carrying workers to Holon.1938: Firefighters in Jerusalem fought to contain a blaze in a Jewish owned lumberyard started by Arab arsonists that threatened to spread to nearby petroleum storage tanks owned by Standard Oil.1938: Authorities found the bodies of three Arabs on the Acre-Safed road with a note pinned to the victims written in Arabic that state “So may it be done traitors.” The dead bodies with the note attach appear to be part of a campaign by Arab terrorists to intimidate those in their community who do not support their aims and/or tactics.1938: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today in Brooklyn for Louis Zuckerman, the husband of Lena Zuckerman with whom he had three children – Benjamin, Max and Henry.1938: As the crisis over Czechoslovakia, moved to a climax, radical French politician George Bonnet “had Charles Corbin, the French Ambassador in London, press for an explicit British commitment to come to France's side in the event of war breaking out in Central Europe and used the ensuing British refusal as a reason to justify France's lack of intervention in a German-Czechoslovak conflict” which was another step on the road to WW II and the Shoah.1938: Maurice W. Monheimer, the husband of Sylvia Monheimer with whom he had two children – William and Gladys – was interred today at the Baron Hirsch Cemetery on Staten Island.1939: Today, one day after terminating talks with the French and the British, “Moscow revealed that” the German Foreign Minister would be visiting Stalin tomorrow – a move that would lead the world down the road to World War on the first of September.1940: As novelist Stefan Zweig and his wife Lotte Atlmann continued their flight from the Nazis, they move to Petrópolis, Brazil the city in which they would commit suicide in 1942.1942: Ten thousand Jews from Wielun, Poland, are deported to the Chelmno death camp.1942: The U.S.S. Blue, a destroyer that Ensign Nathan Asher had taken control of on December 7 and guided to the safety of open waters while Ensign Milton Moldane manned the forward machine guns in a successful effort to fight off the attacking Zeroes, was severely damaged during fighting off Guadalcanal today.1942: A combination of Ukrainians, Polish Police and SS troops murdered 2,000 Jews in the cemetery at Siedice and shipped 10,000 more off to Treblinka.http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/this_month/august/07.asp1942: In Siedlce, Poland after four hundred Ukrainians had joined by the Polish police and SS troops in surrounding the ghetto, 10,000 Jews were deported to the Treblinka death camp and 2,000 were executed in the Jewish cemeteryhttp://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/this_month/august/07.asp1942: The Jewish community from Losice, Poland, is liquidated at the Treblinka death camp.1943: Maxim Litvinov completed his service Soviet Ambassador to the United States.1944: In Teaneck, NJ, “a Manhattan pharmacist and a homemaker gave birth to billionaire hedge fund manager Paul Elliott Singer, a signer of “The Giving Pledge and founder of the Paul E. Singer Family Foundation.1944: “A Manhattan pharmacist and his homemaker spouse” gave birth to hedge fund manager and philanthropist Paul Elliott Singer, the founder and CEO of Elliot Management Corporation who “singed the Giving Pledge which signals a commitment by individuals to donate more than half of their wealth within their lifetime to address society's "most difficult moral and economic challenges."http://www.timesofisrael.com/philanthropist-paul-singer-one-time-trump-opponent-attends-president-elects-fundraiser/1944:Oskar Schindler signed a letter at his enamelware factory in Krakow, Poland, written on behalf of one of his employees, Adam Dziedzic, who had "received a clearings contract for unloading and assembling war-necessary machinery and has been sent to Sudetengau." (As reported by Reuters)http://www.jpost.com/LandedPages/PrintArticle.aspx?id=3232281947: The British Foreign office issued a cable warning “diplomats that they should be ready to emphatically deny that the Jews from the SS Exodus were to be housed in former concentration camps after they were offloaded in Germany and that German guards will not be used to keep the Jews in the refugee camps.”1947: Premiere of “Body and Soul” directed by Robert Rossen, with a screenplay by Abraham Polonsky and starring John Garfield.1947: Premiere of “The Pretender” produced and directed by W. Lee Wilder1949: It was announced that “two state scholarships have been set aside yearly by Rutgers University in memory of Samuel Pesin” the State Assemblyman who “was instrumental in establishing the scholarship” which since 1937 have enable thousands of students to attend New Jersey’s land grant college1950: Birthdate of Queens, NY native Steven Brill the graduate of Yale Law School, the founder of “Court TV,” “media watchdog” and author whose first book The Teamsters was published in 19781950: Two days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to be held for Aaron Parsonnet, the Newark, NJ physician who received his M.D. degree from Loyola University and was the husband of the former Julia Lifson at Temple B’nai Abraham followed by “internment in Oheb Sholom Cemetery in Hillside, NJ.)1953(11thof Elul, 5713): Parashat Ki Teitzei1953(11thof Elul, 5713): Sixty five year old Austrian born American architect Rudolph Schindler whose design put him in the Modernist School passed away today.http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.s/s230340.htm;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en1954: Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, opens its fortieth annual convention today at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.1960: After starter Don Drysdale is driven from the mound by the bats of the Giants, Larry Sherry tames San Francisco and gets the win when the Dodgers bats come alive for an 8 to 5 victory.1960: At the Royal Lyceum Theatre in Edinburgh, premiere of “Beyond the Fringe” co-authored by Jonathan Miller who also performed in this British comedy revue.1964: ITV broadcast the final episode of the British sitcom “The Larkins” starring David Kossoff. 1965: Thirty one year old award winning historian Robert A. Dallek, “the son of Rubin (a business-machine dealer) and Esther (Fisher) Dallek” married “policy health analyst, Geraldine Kronmal.”1966: "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her" is a song by Paul Simon and sung by American music duo Simon & Garfunkel from their third studio album, Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme” was recorded today.1966: In an interview published today, Rabbi Immanuel Jakobovits described his challenge while serving as the leader of the Fifth Avenue Synagogue as being “to make Orthodoxy elegant and fashionable and to show that you don’t have to live on the Lower East Side in squalor to be a strictly traditional Jew.” Jakobovits is the newly named Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the British Commonwealth.http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F10D16F63F5F107B93C0AB1783D85F428685F91967: Premiere “The Flim-Flam Man” directed by Irvin Kershner with music by Jerry Goldsmith.1967(16thof Av, 5727): Sixty-seven year old “Dr. Gregory Goodwin Pincus, one of the three "fathers" of the birth-control pill” passed away tonight.http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0409.html1967: In Miami, Anita and David Ozersky gave birth to food blogger and author Joshua Avram Ozersky.http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/05/dining/joshua-ozersky-prolific-food-writer-is-dead.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region®ion=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=01969: Birthdate of Jonathan Stuart Goldstein, “an American-Canadian author, humorist and radio producer” who is “known for his work on the radio programs ‘This American Life’ and ‘WireTap’.”1971(1st of Elul, 5731): Rosh Chodesh Elul1972: Hadassah, the women's Zionist organization, emphasized its concern about the plight of Soviet Jews by giving its highest award to a Soviet Jewish woman and announcing a training program for 20 refugee Russian Jewish doctors and 10 scientists now in Israel.1973: U.S. President Richard Nixon names Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State. Kissinger is the first Jew to hold this post. This stands in stark contrast to the anti-Semitic remarks that one hears uttered by Nixon on several of his taped conversations.1974(4thof Elul, 5734): Sixty-six year old Jacob Bronowski, the Polish-Jewish British scientist who is remembered by many for his role in the13 part television series, “The Ascent of Man” and was the husband of Rita Bonowski passed away today.http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Bronowski.htmlhttps://www.theguardian.com/science/2010/sep/22/rita-bronowski-obituary1974: Sylva Zalmanson, one of a group refuseniks who had tried to hijack a plane in an attempt to get to the West was released from a labor camp today after 4 years due to failing health.1976(26thof, 5736): Reb Avraham Yaakov, the leader of the Sadigur Chassidim passed away today in Israel1976: The West End Horror: A Posthumous Memoir of John H. Watson, M.D, a novel written by Nicholas Meyer finished an eleven week run on The New York Times Best Seller List.1977: The US confirmed that Israel had used American-supplied military equipment to assist the Christian forces fighting in Southern Lebanon, but denied that such action was a violation of any US-Israeli agreement.1977: Egypt was accused by a senior defense source of serious violations of the Sinai agreement by moving forces in the Limited Forces Zone far beyond the acceptable limits.1977: The Haifa Rabbinical Court ruled that artificial insemination does not constitute adultery. A husband whose wife bore a child by artificial insemination with his consent is responsible for the child’s upkeep.1982: Rabbi Wall of Burlington presided at the ceremonies formally dedicating the new home of Congregation Beth-El in St. Johnsbury, Vermont1982: General Ariel Sharon urged Palestinians to discuss peaceful coexistence.1984(24thof Av, 5744): Eighty-one year old Latvian born Marquette University School graduate Max Raskin, the Socialist politician and Milwaukee County Circuit Judge passed away today.https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19840822&id=Jm8aAAAAIBAJ&sjid=GyoEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5184,836025&hl=en1986(17thof Av, 5746): Two Israeli soldiers were stabbed to death today by terrorists in Jerusalem.1987: ''From Marees to Picasso: Masterworks From the Von der Heydt Museum of Wuppertal,'' a new selection of Israeli art, on display at the Tel Aviv Museum is scheduled to come to any.1990(1st of Elul, 5750): Rosh Chodesh Elul1991: The NYPD changed their tactics in dealing with the violence in Crown Heights. Initially, the Department had practiced a strategy of containment in response to mounting violence in the streets, directing its officers only to stop the spread of disorder, but not to try to dispel it. At the same time some community leaders engaged in “blatantly anti-Semitic rhetoric” including Reverend Al Sharpton who said, "The world will tell us that he (Cato) was killed by accident. Yes, it was a social accident? It's an accident to allow an apartheid ambulance service in the middle of Crown Heights."
1993: Belgian middle distance runner Nathan placed 10thin 800 metres at the 1993 World Championships which ended today at Stattgart.
1993: The Independent published “Why the BBC ignored the Holocaust: Anti-Semitism in the top ranks of broadcasting and Foreign Office staff led to the news being suppressed” by Stephen Ward.
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/why-the-bbc-ignored-the-holocaust-antisemitism-in-the-top-ranks-of-broadcasting-and-foreign-office-staff-led-to-the-news-being-suppressed-says-stephen-ward-1462664.html?printService=print1994: The third in a series of family tours to Israel sponsored by the American Jewish Congress is scheduled to come to an end.1997: Premiere of action comedy “Money Talks” directed by Brett Ratner with a script by Joel Cohen and Alec Sokolow 1997: “Event Horizon,” a sci-fi film previously released in the United States produced by Lloyd Levin, co-starring Jason Isaacs and with music by Michael Kamen was released today in the United Kingdom. 1998(30th of Av, 5758): Rosh Chodesh Elul1998: On cemetery ridge overlooking Dawson City in Canada's far northwest Yukon Territories, "Beth Chaim," the resting place of some five Jews, was today. Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Herb Gray, who is Jewish, was the keynote speaker and guests from Vancouver to Toronto joined locals to commemorate the Yukon-led cleanup of this old, nearly forgotten testament to the wandering Jews of a century ago.1999: The New York Times book section featured a review of Foreign Brides by Elena Lappin, editor London’s “Jewish Quarterly” Actual Air Poems by David Berman, Three Dollars by Australian Jewish author Elliot Perlman and Identity’s Architect: A Biography of Erik H. Erikson by Lawrence J. Friedman whose grandfather, “an Orthodox Jew and a Talmudic scholar, who would always be at the kitchen table going through books, the Old Testament, everything else, and insisting that I would study with him, that I would be clear, be logical, be precise, and I could sometimes win some arguments against my folks by doing that.”2002: After spending his rookie year as the third-string quarterback for the Washington Redskins, Sage Rosenfels “was acquired by the Miami Dolphins today in exchanged for a 2003 seventh round draft pci.2003: Alabama's chief justice, Roy Moore, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from the rotunda of his courthouse. This is one of a series of attempts to undermine the doctrine of the separation of church and state which is cornerstone of American democracy and one of the reasons that Jews have thrived in the United States.2004: The Sunday New York Timesbook section includes a review of A Man’s Guide to a Civilized Divorce: How to Divorce With Grace, a Little Class, and a Lot of Common Sense
by Jewish attorney Sam Margulies and Jerome Robbins: His Life, His Theater, His Dance by Deborah Jowitt, “ grand survey of the great and deservedly popular choreographer of ballet and Broadway, as well as a personal examination of a radically unhappy man; at 57 he could call himself '’a Jewish ex-commie fag who had to go into a mental hospital.’”2004: After three seasons, final broadcast of “Da Ali G Show, a British-American satirical television series created by and starring English comedian Sacha Baron Cohen.”2005(17th of Av, 5765): Ninety-one year Dr. Morris Ziff, an expert in rheumatic diseases passed away today in Dallas. (As reported by Jeremy Pearce) http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/30/national/30ziff.html?pagewanted=print2005: Red Sea Jazz Festival Opens.2005: It was announced that gaming giant Square Enix would purchase 247,900 Taito shares worth ¥45.16 billion (US$409.1 million), to make Taito Corporation which was founded in 1953 by Russian Jewish businessman Michael Kogan, a subsidiary of Square Enix2005: “Netzarim was evacuated by the Israeli military today officially marking the end of the 38-year-long presence of Israeli settlers in the Gaza Strip, though the official handover was planned for several weeks later.”2005: Israeli newspapers reported that all but one settlement in Gaza had been evacuated. The evacuation has gone faster than the government had planned and bulldozers have already begun leveling the buildings left behind.2006: Bernard Lewis speculated that today, the day on which the Iranian President said he would “respond to U.S. demands regarding that country’s development of nuclear power” might be a day for an Iranian attack on Israel because August 22, 2006 “corresponded to the 27th day of the month of Rajab of the year 1427, the day Muslims commemorate the night flight of Muhammad from Jerusalem to heaven and back.”2006: Shawn Green was dealt, along with $6.5 million in cash, by the Arizona Diamondbacks to the New York Mets for Triple-A 23-year-old left-handed pitcher, Evan MacLane. Green is Jewish; MacLane is not.2006: Israel's police raid the home of their State President and seize computers and documents in connection with rape and abuse allegations against him.2007(8thof Elul, 5767): Eighty-four year old author and social activist Grace Paley passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/23/books/23cnd-paley.html?pagewanted=print2007: The Palestine Monitor a blatantly pro-Palestinian publication openly rebukes American Presidential candidate Rudi Giuliani for his statement that 'Palestinian statehood will have to be earned through sustained good governance, a clear commitment to fighting terrorism, and a willingness to live in peace with Israel.’2008: The Saul Steinberg: Illuminations travelling exhibition, which displays original Steinberg works at various museum and galleries around the world is scheduled to open in Zurich.2008: At the Jerusalem Cinematheque a screening of “The Summer of Aviya 2008: The Cedar Rapids Gazettereported that Iowa State labor officials are citing meatpacking plant Agriprocessors with 31 new and repeat safety violations. 2008: An article in the Chicago Jewish News describes the relationship between the Obama family and Rabbi Capers Funnye. According to the New York Times, “Michelle Obama, wife of the Democratic presidential nominee, and Rabbi Capers Funnye, spiritual leader of a mostly black synagogue on Chicago’s South Side, are first cousins once removed. Funnye’s mother, Verdelle Robinson Funnye (born Verdelle Robinson) and Michelle Obama’s paternal grandfather, Frasier Robinson Jr., were brother and sister. Funnye (pronounced fuh-NAY) is chief rabbi at the Beth Shalom B’nai Zaken Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation in southwest Chicago. He is well-known in Jewish circles for acting as a bridge between mainstream Jewry and the much smaller, and largely separate, world of black Jewish congregations, sometimes known as black Hebrews or Israelites. He has often urged the larger Jewish community to be more accepting of Jews who are not white.”2009: Today “it was reported that Larry Ellison, founder of Oracle would be paid only $1 for his base salary for the fiscal year of 2010, down from the $1,000,000 he was paid in fiscal 2009.”2009: In Jerusalem, The Acco Theater's Dance Incubator presents "Neuronervana", a unique and creative dance performance.2009: As we sit in the synagogue and hear the opening lines of “Shoftim,” friends and family of Shelly Luber, of blessed memory, are reminded that this was his Bar Mitzvah portion a quarter of a century ago.2009: Hurling rocks and chanting slogans, hundreds of haredi protesters took part in demonstrations on Saturday evening against the opening of a parking lot opposite the Old City, in what has become a weekly confrontation over Shabbat observance in the capital. 2010: In Quebec, KlezKanada is scheduled to come to a close.2010: An exhibit featuring 150 photographs of Willy Ronis is scheduled to come to a close at the Musée de la Monnaie in Paris.2010: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Balfour Declaration: The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict by Jonathan Schneer2010: A demonstration is scheduled to take place today outside of the BBC headquarters to protest “Death in the Med,” a documentary that examined the ill-fated confrontation between the Israelis and blockade-breaking flotilla headed for Gaza. 2011: The New York City International Film Festival is scheduled to show נגטיב (Negative) directed by Yoav Hornung and בן חוזר הביתה (Ben is Back).2011: After a meeting that concluded at 3 o’clock this morning Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and his cabinet ministers concluded that Israel will not respond to the attacks from Gaza with a large-scale operation.2011: Palestinian rocket and mortar attacks on southern Israel resumed yesterday evening and continued into the early hours of this morning after a lull during the afternoon2011(22ndof Av, 5771): Eighty-eight year old Casey Ribicoff, the widow of the late Senator Abraham Ribicoff passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/26/nyregion/casey-ribicoff-widow-of-senator-dies-at-88.html?pagewanted=print2011(22ndof Av, 5771): Seventy-eight year old Jerry Leiber who wrote so many rock and roll hits of the fifties and sixties passed away. (As reported by William Grimes)http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/arts/music/jerry-leiber-rock-n-roll-lyricist-dies-at-78.html?pagewanted=print2011(22ndof Av, 5771): Seventy-four year old Holocaust researcher Harry W. Mazal passed away today.http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/article/He-created-widely-used-library-in-S-A-2136383.phphttp://www.timesofisrael.com/after-intrigue-and-theft-cu-boulder-gains-huge-holocaust-collection/2011(22ndof Av, 5771): Eighty-five year Samuel Menashe the Greenwich Village poet who won the first Neglected Masters Award in 2004, passed away today.http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/24/arts/samuel-menashe-new-york-poet-dies-at-85.html?pagewanted=print
2012: Algerian pianist Maurice El Médioni – King of Rai and a legendary figure on the world music scene – is scheduled to host the Dialna Quintet for an evening of Jewish-Arab-Andalusian soul music with Boogie-Woogie, Rhumba and Flamenco rhythms at the Hazan Hall as part of the Oud Festival.
2012: "Vasermil" a film that tells the story of three Israeli teenagers from separate marginalized communities, who pin their hopes on soccer as a way out” is scheduled to be shown at the Avalon Theatre in Washington, DC
2012: Anyone who tries to harm Israel will taste “the deadly strength of the IDF,” Chief of General Staff Lt. Gen. Benny Gantz warned today
2012: Heiress, businesswoman and philanthropist Shari Arison placed 64th on Forbes’ 2012 list of the world’s 100 most powerful women, which was released today. Forbes’ list includes politicians, businesswomen, journalists, writers and celebrities. Arison, who was raised in Israel and the United States, was #57 in last year’s rankings.
2013: An exhibit, “The White Rose” which tells the story of a group of legitimate anti-Nazi German, which is being hosted by UNLV’s Lied Library is scheduled to come to a close today.
2013: The Macabeats are scheduled to begin a concert tour in Venice, Italy.
2013: “Fill the Void” is scheduled to open a the Cape Ann Community Cinema in Gloucester, MA
2013: An extreme right-wing activist imprisoned for illegal political activity sent threatening letters to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, police said this morning. (As reported by Aaron Kalman)
2013: Four rockets fired from southern Lebanon targeted northern Israel this afternoon, setting off air raid sirens in Acre, Nahariya, and additional areas in the Western Galilee and sending frightened local residents fleeing for cover.(As reported by Yaakov Lappin)
2014: At Agudas Achim in Coralville, Iowa, Meirav Isaaca Flatte is scheduled to help lead Friday night services as part of her “Bat Mitzvah Weekend.”
2014: Three people were injured today when a rocket fired from Gaza struck a synagogue in Ashdod “causing significant damage to the building.
2014: “A Jewish school in Copenhagen had its windows smashed and anti-Jewish graffiti referring to the conflict in Gaza spray-painted on its walls, the school said today.”
2014(26th of Av, 5774): This afternoon four year old Daniel Tregerman, the son of Gila and Doron Tregerman was murdered by Hamas terrorists when “a mortar fired from Gaza struck his kibbutz in the Sha’ar Ha Negev Council.
2014(26th of Av, 5774): Seventy-seven year old Jan Karako who “established Oren Bayan, one of the most famous textile brands in Turkey and his 69 year old wife Georgia were murdered in their apartment in Istanbul today. (Times of Israel)
2015: In Alexandria, VA, as part of “Get to Know us Weekend” Temple Beth El is scheduled to host “Tot Shabbat.”
2015: “Mistress America” a comedy written and directed by Noah Baumbach, which ha premiered at the Sundance Festival was released in the United States today.
2015: Isaac DaBoom is scheduled to perform at Bar Kaymar
2015: “Into the Wild,” a “day Shmita Expedition” is scheduled to come to an end.
2016: “Hill Start” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Film Festival hosted by the Hampton Synagogue
2016: On the anniversary of her birth publication of “25 of Dorothy Parker's Best Quotes” by Stacy Conrdat.
2016: “The iconic, charismatic Morrissey, originally of Manchester indie band The Smiths, now a solo artist” is scheduled to perform “in Tel Aviv’s Heichal HaTrburt.” (As report by Jessica Steinberg)
2017: Hebrew Hawkeye Time – At the University of Iowa, Hillel is scheduled to host a welcome dinner for incoming freshmen and freshwomen
2017: The offices of the Jewish Family Services of Washtenaw County in Ann Arbor, Michigan, were evacuated today after a bomb threat was called in by “an unidentified male voice.”
2017: Jamaican singer and rapper is scheduled to return to Tel Aviv with a performance “at the Live Park in Rishon LeZion on the outskirts of Tel Aviv.
2018: A “Gaga/People Dance Class” based on “Gaga, the movement research developed by renowned choreographer and Artistic Director of Batsheva Dance Company, Ohad Naharin” is scheduled to place at Central Park in Manhattan.
2018: Israelis contemplated a mixed bag of news from India which included reports of “six intoxicated men attempting to break into the room of four Israeli female backers in northern India” and the delivery of humanitarian aid by “Israeli Consul in Bangalore Dana Koresh and consulate staff” to the “victims of the monsoon floods in the India state of Kerala.
2018: It was reported today that lawyer Michael Cohen, Donald Trump’s self-declared “fixer” had already “reached a deal with federal prosecutors in New York to plead guilty to campaign finance violations, bank fraud and tax evasion”
634: Umar began his reign as the second Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate. Umar overturned the ban on Jews worshipping in Jerusalem. Not only did he clean the Temple Mount of Filth, he encouraged the formation of Sanhedrin when he invited “70 Jewish families to live on the southern end of the Temple Mount”.
686: Birthdate of Charles Martel, hero of the Battle of Tours and grandfather of Charlemagne. The Battle of Tours took place in 732. Martel led the Christian forces against invading Moslem forces coming up from Spain. This victory ended the Moslem threat to Western Europe and led to the demarcation of Christian and Moslem Europe at the Pyrenees. The life of the Jewish people varied depending upon which side of the mountains they lived. Charlemagne, Martel’s grandson, would prove to be a benign ruler where his Jewish subjects were concerned.
1179: The Battle of Jacob’s Ford opened with the arrival of Saladin at the river crossing. Jacob’s Ford was a key Jordan River crossing on the road that ran between Damascus and Acre on the Mediterranean. The area would become hotly contested in the 20th century in combat including WW I, the War for Independence and the Six Day War.
1217: During the Fifth Crusade, another futile attempt by Christians to re-take Jerusalem that brought misery to the Jews, King Andrew II of Hungary boarded Venetian ships at Spalato on their first leg of their journey to “the Holy Land.”
1305: Fifteen years after ordering the expulsion of the Jews from England, King Edward executes William Wallace in the cruel manner reserved for rebels as punishment for the Scots trying to keep their kingdom separate from Edward’s rule. The Scots never expelled the Jews the way Edward had and it is probable that some English Jews found refuge in “lowland or the highlands.” Whatever else, the Jews and the Scots shared the enmity of this avaricious monarch.
1349: Start of pogrom in Cologne known as the “Slaughter of the Jews” when “an enraged mob entered the Jewish quarter” and began killing the Jews in response to the fears over the Black Death.
1542: Joseph Caro completed his commentary on the Tur.
1555: Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands. John Calvin, the founder of Calvinism was seen at least from a comparative point of view as being a philo-Semite. Some Jews felt that there was some sort of bond between them and the Calvinists because both groups were intense attack from the Catholic Church. The willingness of the Dutch to allow the Calvinists to settle in the Netherlands was an example of their religious toleration which is what made the "land of windmills and tulips" a hospitable place for the Jews of Europe.
1567: The Polish king, Sigismund II Augustus, issued an edict, granting the Jews permission to open a yeshiva at Lublin. "As a result of the efforts of our advisors and in keeping with the request of the Jews of Lublin we do hereby grant permission to erect a yeshiva and to outfit said yeshiva with all that is required to advance learning. All the learned men and rabbis of Lublin shall come together for among their number they shall choose one to serve as the head of the yeshiva. Let their choice be a man who will magnify Torah and bring it glory."(Edict dated August 21, 1567)
1675(1st of Elul, 5435): Issachar Bärmann, the son of the Talmudic scholar Isaac Cohen of Borkum and father of Leffmann Behrends, the “German financial agent” whose “daughter Genendel became the wife of the chief rabbi of Prague, David Oppenheim” passed away today
1723: Eighty-four year old Increase Mather a member of a famous family of Puritan ministers and leaders that included his father Richard Mather and his son Cotton Mather passed away. Unlike their European counterparts, the Mathers did not see themselves as anti-Semites who believed in forced conversion. Increase Mather thought the future conversion of the Jews to be both possible and not far distant in time. He opposed John Lightfoot’s argument that a general conversion of the Jews was impossible, and he also attacked Baxter’s thesis that the Jews were converted once and for all after Christ, and that those who did not convert at the time were condemned to remain in the Jewish faith for all time. According to Mather, the “national conversion” of the Jews was a “glorious truth.” (From The John Carter Brown Library)
1754: At the Palace of Versailles, the future Louis XV and Maia Josepha of Saxony gave birth to Louis-Auguste who as Louis XVI included among his ministers “Turgot, Choiseul, and Malesherbes , who were favorably inclined toward the Jews” and who took “the first important step toward improvement of the status of the Jews was the abolition of the body tax in 1784” but whose real impact on the Jews of France were the excesses of his regime which brought on the French Revolution.
1773: Birthdate of German philosopher Jakob Friedrich Fries, whose philosophy included ant-Semitism as can be seen by his 1816 work On the Danger Posed by the Jews to German Well-Being and Character in which he advocated distinct dress for Jews and “encouragement” for Jews to emigrate while calling “for Judaism to extirpated root and branch from German Society.”
1787: One day after she had passed away, Sarah Barrow, the wife of Lazarus Barrow and mother of “Aaron and Benjamin Barrow” was buried today at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.”
1792(5th of Elul, 5552): Twenty-eight month old Moses Leib ben Eisak Fuerth passed away today and was buried at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.”
1799: Napoleon left Egypt for France en route to seize power. Bonaparte’s position in the Middle East had become untenable because Lord Nelson had destroyed the French fleet. Napoleon’s departure put an end to the promises he had made about establishing a Jewish home in Palestine when he was fighting at Gaza and Acre.
1799: Mrs. Philip Hartvig Ree, the widow of Philip Hartvig Ree and the mother of Hartvig Phillip Ree obtained special permission from the king “to remain in joint possession” of her husband’s business.
1805: Birthdate of Austrian political leader and anti-Semite Anton von Schmerling who “urged the necessity of instruction in German in schools in order to overcome the advantageous position of the Jewish soldiers in the regiments of Galicia, who, owing to their knowledge of the German language, had better chances of promotion to the position of non-commissioned officers” adding the view "Personally, I am not in sympathy with the Jews
1806: Napoleon “proposes” that the Assembly of Notables be superseded by a Great Sanhedrin patterned after the ancient Jewish tribunal.
1819: In Nagy-Kanizsa, Hungary, Rabbi Meïr Szanto and his wife gave birth to journalist Simon Szanto.
1824: In London, Emanuel Aguilar and Sarah (nee Dias Fernandes) Aguilar gave birth to composer Emanuel Abraham Aguilar the brother of Grace Aguilar.
1829: Birthdate of German born historian and mathematician, Moritz Cantor whose works included Mathematical Contributions to the Cultural Life of the People and the multi-volume Lectures on the History of Mathematics.
1837: Samuel Cohen and Rachel Nathan were married today in Sydney, Australia.
1838: Joseph and Nanny Rosenheim gave birth to Adelheid Rosenheim
1840: Two days after she had passed away, 82 year old Sarah Casper, the wife of Angel Casper (Asher b Yehuda) with whom she had eight children was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”
1840: Birthdate of Hungarian native Leopold Schenk, “the Austrian Embryologist.”
1845: The Gardener’s Chronicle and Horticultural Gazette reported that “a fearful malady has broken out among the potato crop” which would lead to the Great Famine known in Ireland as the Potato Famine which the Jews would help to raise funds to aid the victims.
1854: Birthdate of Moritz Moszkowski, Polish born Jewish composer, pianist and teacher.
1855: A child of Mr. Louis Levinson of Providence was circumcised today.
1858: Four days after she had passed away, Rose Wolfe was buried at the “Wolverhampton Old Jewish Burial Ground.”
1862:"Escape of Mr. W.H. Hurlbert from Richmond" published today described the Yankee journalist’s visit to Richmond and Charleston. Hulbert made the trip at the request of Judah P. Benjamin. Both men shared roots in South Carolina, but after talking matters over, he “soon found that he disagreed with that eminent Jew.”
1863(8th of Elul, 5623): Sixty-two year old historian Joseph Levin Hall, the first Jew to earn a doctorate in philosophy from the Albertus University of Konigsberg passed away today.
1865(1st of Elul, 5625): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1866: The Treaty of Prague ends the Austro-Prussian War. In approximately seven weeks, Prussia had defeated Austria. This little known war between the two leading Germanic states changed the course of victory. With Prussia the victor, Austria was removed from Germanic affairs. The other Germanic states would be forced to ally themselves with Prussia with King of Prussia as the Emperor of a united Germany. This German Empire would emerge as the strongest nation in Europe. This burgeoning strength would lead to World War I, World War II and the Holocaust.
1869: Birthdate of Lucie Hadamard, future wife of Alfred Dreyfus.
1872(19th of Av, 5632): A German Jew named Isaac Shwagar died in as a result of sunstroke at Butler’s Pottery Yard in New Brunswick, NJ.
1873: In Chicago, Henry B. Franklin and the former Hannah Mayer, both of whom were immigrants from Germany gave birth to Jennie Franklin, the wife of Moses L. Purvin, who as Jennie Franklin Purvin was a leader in her native city’s civic and Jewish communities.
1876: Victor Benjamin Hart married Clara Simmons today at the Great Synagogue.
1876: In New York’s Supreme Court, Judge Donohue heard a motion by the Corporation Counsel in a case brought by the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society and other charitable institutions to have assessments removed from their property.
1877: Birthdate of Samuel Armin Schlesinger, who gained fame as “Hungarian social scientist, librarian and anarcho-syndicalist revolutionary, Ervin Szabó.”
1877: It was reported today that the Department of State has received a report from the U.S. Minister to Turkey on the conditions of the Jews living in the Ottoman Empire. There are 500,000 Jews living under the rule of the Ottomans and in fairness to the Turks, “the Israelites have been better treated by the Ottoman than by many of the Western powers…They are recognized as an independent religious community” led by their own Chief Rabbi or Chacham. The only case of “maltreatment of the Israelites which has been brought to the notice of the United States Legation at Constantinople during the tenure of Horace Maynard, the current U.S. Minister to the Ottoman Empire involved an American Jew who was attacked by his co-religionist while visiting Tiberias. In the mean time, the U.S. Minister at Constantinople has requested that consular offices of the U.S. government serving in the various part of the empire pay close attention to the condition of the Jews and report any mistreatment.
1878: The Jews of Petersburg, VA, telegraphed $50 to New Orleans to help relieve the suffering of those impacted by the Yellow Fever Epidemic.
1878: A dispatch from Bucharest published today reported that Mihail Kogălniceanu (Cogalniceano) the Foreign Affairs Minister of Romania is seeking a modification of those portions of the Treaty of Berlin that deal with the treatment of the Jews. The terms of the treaty would require the calling of a Constituent Assembly to amend the constitution and the Foreign Minister is afraid that the changes would be rejected. This would be followed by a period of persecution of the Jews. The Romanian government believes that a gradual granting of civil and political rights to the Jews would be less of a problem because the people find the Jews to be so “obnoxious.”
1879: It was reported today that Emma Lazarus and W.C. Bonaparte Wyse have published sonnets on the death of the ex-Prince Imperial of France. The efforts of the Jewish Lazarus were deemed to be the better of the efforts.
1881: The Athletic Society of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of Harlem is scheduled to sponsor an excursion today.
1881(28th of Av, 5641): Babetta Scheild the 55 year old widow of Julius Schield was found dead in her New York apartment. Her throat had been cut. Notes written in Hebrew were given to her children who had discovered the body. While authorities assume that this was a suicide, the children would not reveal the contents of the notes.
1882: “The founding meeting for the Reform congregation, later to be known as Temple Emanuel, was held” today “in Lindsay Hall, St. Catherine Street West” Quebec.
1883: “The Jews In Russia” published today said the prohibition against Jews living in St. Petersburg and Moscow is based more on economics than on religion. There are thousands of Jews living in the two Russian Jews but that is because they are belong to “the privileged class” or are “skillfully” evading “compliance with the law.”
1883: In London, Jacob Nunes Nabarro and Hannah Israel Ricardo gave birth to Joseph Nunes Nabarro.
1883: As the controversy continues to swirl around the attempt of Moses Shapira to sell a copy of the Deuteronomy scroll, “Shapira wrote a desperate letter to” Christian David Ginsburg who had said it was forgery saying “you have made a fool of me by publishing and exhibiting the fragments that you believe to be false. I do not think that I will be able to survive this shame.
1883: In Piemonte, Italy, Vittorio Della Torre and his wife Emilia Lattes Torre gave birth to Leila Orsola, the wife of Ernesto Ettore Foa and the mother of Vittorio and Joseph Foa.
1883: “A Swindler Captured in Chicago” published today described the arrest of F. Simon Hahn a middle aged Jew from the East Coast at the Sherman House who had falsely claimed to represent Lieberman & Co of Philadelphia and who had forged at least one check for $100.00
1885: A review of Mrs. Keith’s Crime by Lucy Clifford published today contends that the Jews are the “novel characters” in this work of fiction. They include quick witted, generous Fred Cohen and Mr. Josephs, the Jewish MP.” (Like the reviewer, I am at a loss to explain the authoress’ “familiarity with Jews.”)
1886: “A Man With Six Wives” published today relied on information that originally appeared in the London Daily New to describe the exploits of a Polish Jew named Feinstein who has been arrested and tried on charges of having six wives. His criminal behavior began in Russia in 1870 where he married and then deserted his first wife (and their four children) before moving on to Paris, where he acquired and swindled several other wives before taking his last spouse in Nancy. This “Lothario” who was described as “small, ill-made and ugly” was sentenced to six years in prison for his crimes.
1887: It was reported today that the among the bequests in the will of Levi Rosenfeld, the Chicago millionaire were two thousand dollars to the United Hebrew Relief Association of Chicago and five hundred dollars for the Hebrew Union College. The bulk of the estate went to his widow who was wealthy in her own right having received one and half million dollars from the estate of Michael Reese.
1887: Congregation Or Zion of Peru, Indiana made a dues payment of $21.00 to the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.
1887: Congregation Keneseth Israel of Zanesville, Ohio made a dues payment of $7.00 to the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.
1888: Seventy-eight year old English naturalist Philip Henry Gosse the author of The History of the Jews from the Christian Era to the Dawn of the Reformation passed away today.
1889: The Marion County Patriot reported on the recent death of Lewis Arnheim who represented rural Dougherty County in the Georgia State Legislature. Arnehim, who came to Georgia from Germany is in 1868 was the son-in-law of David Mayer of Atlanta, GA.
1890: “Mr. Mackay Maligned” published today described “annoyance caused to the friends of John W. Mackay” by reports that he “dislikes Englishmen and despises Jews.” Mackay was an Irish born American industrialist who made his fortune out of the Comstock Lode. As proof of his feelings for Jews, his friends pointed out that he sold his bank to “a Jewish syndicate” while retaining a large enough interest that he continues to have regular contact with those who bought. Also, Jews are among the biggest users of his three cable companies which respectively span the Atlantic, the United States and the Pacific.
1891: The Times of London and TheNew York Times described the two positive results of Mr. Arnold White's recent mission to Russia on behalf of Baron Hirsch. The trip was designed to improve the conditions of the suffering Russian Jewish population. First, the Czar’s government agreed to the practical abolition of the expensive passport system which has kept Jews, especially the large number of poor Jews, from leaving the country. Second, “is the authority given for the formation of emigration committees throughout Russia and for the promotion of emigration schemes in connection with the Central Berlin Committee.” Up until this point, the work had to be conducted in secret, hindering the process of Jews leaving a country dripping with anti-Semitism. The report ended with a cautionary note, that large increases of Jewish immigrants to England might result in restrictive legislation similar to that which was being adopted in the United States.
1892(30th of Av, 5652): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1893: Moses William Shapira, the Jerusalemite who deals in antiquities and ancient manuscripts wrote his last letter to David Ginsburg the Christian biblical and Masoretic scholar saying that he would be leaving London for Berlin in a day or two.
1893: At today’s session of the Fourth Annual Convention of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, the Ritual Committee delivered its report which included the plan “to arrange the second part of the Union Prayer-book containing services for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur according to the same principles used” to arrange the first part of the prayer-book submitted at the Third Annual Convention
1893: “Tried To Capture A Meeting” published today described an attempt by anarchist to take over a meeting of the United Hebrew Trades which was thwarted by the police.
1894: During his arraignment, Joseph Goldwasser, a Jewish carpenter, “did not deny that he had beaten” his son Benjamin. But he did not do it because his son was deaf and a mute, but because he “had stolen and he was trying to him” to behave better.
1894: Charles Wilfred Mowbray, the English anarchist who had worked with Jewish tailors in London during their strike and who had addressed a mass meeting praising Emma Goldman left the United States for his home country aboard the White Star steamship Teutonic today.
1895: “Hebrew Boys at Coney Island” published today described the generosity of the businessman at the local resort showed towards the students from the Hebrew Technical Institute which enabled them to enjoy such amusements as the toboggan slides and carrousels.
1896: “Henry Klein married Mamie [Matilda] Norton, the daughter of Simon F. Norton, the son of a Polish Jewish immigrant merchant who had settled in Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, where she was born in October 1870.”
1896: Herzl meets with Johann Kremenetzky in Baden.Yona (Johann) Kremenetzky’ was an industrialist and electrical engineer. In 1901, Krementzky would become the first chairman of the newly created Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael – the Jewish National Fund which many know today simply as the JNF. Krementzky created a wide variety of tools to educate the Jewish people about Eretz Israel and to raise funds for the purchase and reclamation of the land. He created the first Golden Book of Contributors and began the Zion Stamp series. But his most famous innovation was the “Blue Box” which has survived to this day.
1897: In Bohemia, “an order has been issued forbidding public meetings of any” and a 7 p.m. curfew following yesterday’s outbreak of anti-Semitic violence at Pilsen.
1898(5th of Elul, 5658): Thirty-five year old Herman Rosenthal kissed his four year old daughter Rachel and said good-bye to his wife before going to his room where he hung himself.
1898: In Washington, D.C. Mr. Roginksey and Mr. Levy expressed their displeasure with Adas Israel having a Rabbi and with the hiring of Morris Mandel to fill the post. “Mr. Lewis wished to know what functions Mr. Mandel was to perform, whether Rabbi or Teacher? The President answered that he was Rabbi and teacher both. Mr. M. Roginsky and Mr. Isaac Levy . . . objected to having a rabbi.”
1899: Private Nathan Levy who had taken part in the Battle of Manila, completed his service with Company F of the 18thInfantry.
1899: During today’s session of the court-martial of Alfred Dreyfus Major General Charles-Arthur Gonse, who had served as Deputy Chief of Staff, took the stand “with a quick step and apparently light heart.” By the time Dreyfus’ lawyers had finished examining him “his defiant bearing had changed into the abashed air of a schoolboy caught telling a lie.”
1903: The Sixth Zionist Congress convenes in Basel. It is the site of confrontations between Herzl and his supporters and the Zionists of Zion, who reject the plan for settlement in Uganda out of hand. Herzl brings the Uganda scheme is a temporary measure, emphasizing that Palestine remains Zionism's final object. Herzl is supported by Max Nordau who terms the Uganda scheme a "Nachtasyl" (refuge for the night), and is opposed by Russian Zionists. “The English Jews are deeply interested in the announcement made by Dr. Theodore Herzl, President of the sixth Zionist Congress, at its opening yesterday at Basel, that Great Britain, in view of the collapse of the project to establish Jews on the Sinai peninsula, had offered the Zionists a large tract of territory in East Africa for colonization by the Jews, who would have autonomous government under British suzerainty.”
1903: In Denver, Colorado, Dr. A.M. Radin of New York delivered a speech during “Congress Day” sponsored by the B’nai Zion Association.
1903: In Elmira, NY, H.M. Lasker of Troy, NY and S.E. Solomons of Syracuse, NY addressed the mass meeting held by the Sons of Zion.
1903: Birthdate of Manhattan native and jeweler Henry Lewis Lamber, the head of Lambert Brothers Jewelers which had been “founded by his father and uncle in 1877,” and co-creator of the Lambert Trophy who was President of the New York Board of Trade and the husband of “the former Marrion Lissberger with whom he had two son – Henry and Benjamin.”
1905: Founding of Beth Israel congregation in Malden, MA.
1905: The New York Times publishes a letter from Ralph Jonas praising “the Sanitarium for Hebrew ‘children of the City of New York” which “has been doing excellent work…” So far this summer 13,400 mothers and children have enjoyed the benefit of the Sanitarium’s boat excursions and with another seven trips scheduled for the rest of the summer, more than 20,000 people will enjoy the benefits of free medical help and nutritious meals.
1908: Birthdate of Emil Berger who was living in Prague before he taken to Majdanek where he was murdered in 1942.
1908: In Glasgow, Scotland optical instrument maker Charles Frank and his wife Miriam gave birth to artist and sculptor Hannah Frank.
1911: “Savage Anti-Jewish Rioting In Wales,” published today describes outbreaks of violence in New South Wales, Great Britain, which were so severe that the Riot Act had to be read and troops used to stop the mobs. Even more troubling was the mounting evidence that the attacks were premeditated.
1912(10th of Elul, 5672): Sixty-seven year old philanthropist Nathan Hermann passed away today in New York City.
1914: In column published in the Boston Globe, dietician Frances Stern connected nutrition to social welfare. She opened the column with a lament that"There is meager knowledge of the comparative nutritive value of various kinds of food The column went on to explain the importance of protein in the diet, and to compare the nutritional value of various foods, along with their cost. Stern particularly emphasized the importance of education in nutrition as a way of helping poor women make the most of their food budgets. A social worker, nutritionist, educator, and pioneering dietician, Stern was a leading exponent of the idea that adequate nutrition was crucial to social welfare.
1915(13th of Elul, 5675): Emanuel Saul, a successful attorney in Essen and Duisburg (Germany) passed away today.
1915: After having found been found guilty of bribery, San Francisco political boss Abe Ruef was released today after having served four and a half years of the original 14 year sentence.
1915(13th of Elul, 5675): Seventy year old merchant David Eiseman passed away in St. Louis, MO.
1915: It was reported today that according to Dr. Bertram Post of Robert College in Constantinople, “Henry Morgenthau, the United States Ambassador” to Turkey who is Jewish “has made himself very popular by his daily visits to the hospital” in the Turkish capital “and his willingness to aid all those in trouble irrespective of nationality or religion.”
1915: “It was reported today that “a French warship bombarded the petroleum plant” at Beirut causing so much trouble that the medical college was closed and all the Jews in Syria were ordered to leave including Victor Jacobsen who left aboard the cruiser Des Moines which took him to Rhodes.
1916: “Oscar S. Straus received a letter from the French Ambassador to the United States” today, in which he “informed Mr. Straus that the French Government would permit an $18,000 shipment of drugs and medical supplies to reach Jewish hospitals in Jaffa and Jerusalem.”
1916: “Alexis Aladin, one of the best-known members of the Duma who is now in London said today that not only was the present report” that a departmental order permitting Jews to live outside of the Pale would be acted upon favorably by the Duma and that the Minister of Education was planning to abolish the rules limiting the number of Jews entering Russian secondary schools true and that “two very prominent members of the Russian Government visiting London” said the Duma would act speedily to enact legislation “giving the Jews equal advantages with all Russians.”
1916: It was reported today that “after Count Witte’s visit to America where he acquainted himself with what the Russian Jewish immigrants have accomplished” in the United States “upon terms of equality the only way of solving the Jewish question” in his country “was by granting them equal rights with the people of Russia.”
1916: In New York, Netti Kinsbruner, the daughter of Shmuel and Rachel Stettner and David Kinsbruner gave birth to William Kinsbrunner
1916: Birthdate of Newark, NJ native Samuel Adelman the Newport News, VA andDenver rabbi whose death was mourned by “clergymen and laymen” of all faiths.
1917: In New York, Louis and Henrietta Peck gave birth to long-time New York Times editor Seymour Peck whose conviction for failing to answer questions of a Congressional committee about associates who were accused of being Communist was overturned.
1917: The Jewish Legion of the British Army was established. It was long championed by Zev Jabotinsky, and was based on the Zion Mule Corps. The 38th Battalion was commanded by Colonel Henry Patterson. A second battalion commanded by Colonel Eleazar Margolin was also formed. Although initially against the idea, most of the leadership of the Yishuv including Ben Gurion and Ben Zvi joined after the Balfour Declaration. Over 2,700 men volunteered for the Legion. Many of them saw action in Transjordan in the fall of 1918. The group was officially known as the Royal Fusilier. Officially, the units were not designated as Jewish fighting units and were not supposed to wear Jewish insignias. Recruits came from the United States as well as England and Palestine. One of the most famous non-recruits was Golda Meir. When recruiters came to Milwaukee she wanted enlist. She was disappointed to find out that it was for men only.
1918(15th of Elul, 5678): During WW I, Lt Frederick Adolphus Aron, South Lancashire Regiment who had been at Shrewsbury passed away today.
1919: Birthdate of Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin one of the leading mathematicians of the USSR.
1920(9th of Elul, 5680): Bethold Bendheim the brother of Betty Bendheim of Hamburg, Germany and Clark Bendheim of St. Louis passed away today leaving bequests to numerous “Jewish and non-Jewish Institutions” incuding The Hebrew Orphan Asylum, Mount Sinai Hospital and Tuskegee Institute.
1920: In Paris, The Committee of Jewish Delegations, “which represents the Jews of nearly every country in the world” announced today “that it will wage a campaign to obtain a seat in the League of Nations for representatives of the Jewish people/”
1921: Faisal I bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi, who in 1919 had “signed the Faisal-Weizmann Agreement for Arab-Jewish Cooperation” became King of the newly created nation of Iraq following being thrown off his Syrian throne by the French.
1921: In New York City, the former Lilian Greenberg and Harry Arrow both of whom were Jewish immigrants from Romania gave birth “Kenneth Joseph ‘Ken’ Arrow, the joint winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.”
1923: In New York City Gilbert Seldes and Alice “Amanda” Wadhams gave birth to Miriam Hall Seldes an actress whose career spanned six decades and earned her entrance in the American Theatre Hall of Fame. Her mother was a WASP; her father was the son of Russian Jewish immigrants.
1924: Birthdate of economist Robert Solow who has been “awarded the John Bates Clark Medal (in 1961), Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (in 1987) and the 2014 Presidential Medal of Freedom.”
1924: Birthdate of Ephraim Kishon, Israeli satirist, dramatist, screenwriter and film director. Born in Budapest, as Ferenc Hoffmann, he studied sculpture and painting, and then began publishing humourous essays and writing for the stage. After 1945 he changed his surname from Hoffmann to Kishont. He immigrated to Israel in 1949, where an immigration officer gave him the name Ephraim Kishon. Starting in 1952, he wrote a column of political and social satire call “Had Gadya” for the daily newspaperMa’ariv. Several of his works have been translated into English including two books on the Six Day War – So Sorry We Won and Woe To the Victors.
1926: In Boston, MA, Maurice and Lallie (Rothenberg) Troobnick gave birth to American actor, Eugene Troobnick.
1927(25th of Av, 5687): In Jersey (UK), Sarah Cohen passed away as the result of an accident.
1927: The execution of Sacco and Vanzetti ignites protests around the world. The case against the two Italian immigrants was one of the great causes of the political left during the 1920’s. Numerous Jews were associated with their cause including the writer Dorothy Parker.
1928(7th of Elul, 5688): Ninety-two year old Theobald Epstein “a professor at the Philanthropin Secondary School, the largest and longest-existing Jewish school in Germany, and an astronomer and Head of the Frankfurt Observatory” passed away today.
1928: In Manhattan, socialite Alice Wadhams Hall and Gilbert Seldes, “a descendant of Jewish immigrants from Russia” gave birth to Marian Hall Seldes the Broadway actress who was the niece of journalist George Seldes.
1929:Today, which is Friday, thousands of Arab villagers streamed into Jerusalem from the surrounding countryside to pray on the Temple Mount, many armed with sticks and knives. Harry Luke, the acting High Commissioner of Palestine requested reinforcements from Amman. Previously, Luke had ignored warnings from Jewish leaders about the potential for violence Towards 9:30 am Jewish storekeepers began closing shop, and at 11:00 20-30 gunshots were heard on the Temple Mount, apparently to work up the crowd. Luke telephoned the Mufti to come and calm a mob that had gathered under his window near the Damascus Gate, but the commissioner's impression was that the religious leader's presence was having the opposite effect. Inflamed by rumors that two Arabs had been killed by Jews, Arabs started an attack on Jews in Jerusalem's Old City. The violence quickly spread to other parts of Palestine. British authorities had fewer than 100 soldiers, six armored cars, and five or six aircraft in country; Palestine Police had 1,500 men, but the majority was Arab, with a small number of Jews and 175 British officers. While awaiting reinforcements, many untrained administration officials were required to attach themselves to the police, though the Jews among them were sent back to their offices. Several English theology students visiting from the University of Oxford were deputized. While a number of Jews were being killed at the Jaffa Gate, British policemen did not open fire. They reasoned that if they had shot into the Arab crowd, the crowd would have turned their anger on the police.Yemin Moshe was one of the few Jewish neighborhoods to return fire, but most of Jerusalem's Jews did not defend themselves. At the outbreak of the violence and again in the following days, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi demanded that weapons be handed to the Jews, but was both times refused
1929: After the Mufti of Jerusalem made slanderous and enraging attacks against the Jews, what eyewitnesses described as “severe riots” broke out. The Arabs were told by the Mufti, "Remember that the Jew is your strong enemy, and the enemy of your ancestors since olden times…for it is he who tortured Christ…and poisoned Mohammed…." Rioting and death broke out in towns throughout Palestine with a total of 130 Jews being murdered by the Muslims.
1929: An Arab rioter pointed his rifle at a Jewish policeman named Schneryson, who was on traffic duty, with the apparent intention of shooting him. Just before he pulled the trigger, an Arab policeman appeared on the scene and the two police officers apprehended the would-be killer. He was part of a group of hundreds of Arabs who were attacking the Jews of Mea Shearim who in turn were being protected by the Jewish Self-defense force as they awaited British reinforcements.
1929: Birthdate of El Paso, TX native Jaqueline Augusta Krtazthor, the UTEP alum who gained “fame” as Jackie Maisel, the wife of Albuquerque, NM businessman Seymour L. “Bud” Maisel.
1929: In the evening, “a band of Arabs armed with rifles attacked the Jewish garden suburb of Talpiot. The Jewish defenders gathered in one of the houses and, armed with a single rifle and a few pistols drove off the attackers.
1929: The British appointed Deputy District Commissioner of the Jerusalem Division issued a three part order intended to halt the Arab rioting. The order had no immediate effect as the Arab attacks persisted.
1929: First day of the two day event known as the Hebron Massacre. While the numbers vary, according to one report 67 Jews were killed and Jewish homes and synagogues were ransacked; nineteen local Arab families saved 435 Jews by hiding them in their houses even under their own life risk.
1933: Despite the stormy protests of the Revisionist faction, the World Zionist Congress elected Professor Leo Motzkin of Paris president of the eighteenth annual meeting today.
1933: The Palestine Bureau of the German Zionist Federation officially announces that an agreement has been reached between the Anglo-Palestine Bank and the Reich Minister of Economics under which German-Jewish immigrants to Palestine will be permitted to place their capital in a special account in the Anglo-Palestine Bank, to aggregate not more than three million marks, against which German goods to that value will be shipped to Palestine.
1934In Paris, Pierre Leon Dreyfus, the son of the famous Alfred Dreyfus and Lucie Egenie Hadmard and his wife Marie Apollonie Dreyfus gave birth to Aline Dreyfus
1935: “Going Highbrow” a musical comedy produced by Samuel Bischoff was released in the United States today by Warner Brothers.
1935: Catcher Bill Starr made is major league debut with the Washington Senators.
1935: Barnett Janner, a member of the British House of Commons, told the World Zionist Congress today that "Palestine stands as a complete vindication of the Jewish race."
1936: The Palestine Government revealed tonight it had deported fifteen Jewish Communists and one Armenian and was prepared to send a second group from the country next Wednesday in an effort to end disorders now in their nineteenth week. The government did not explain how deporting Jews would end violence which the government itself admitted was started by the Arabs
1936(5th of Elul, 5696): Seventeen year old Shoshana Laznicki succumbed to wounds she had suffered at the hands of Arab gunman who had shot at her and a group of friends riding in a car near Tel Aviv on the previous Friday. She was the 76thvictim of the latest Arab wave of violence.
1938: Funeral services are scheduled to be held this afternoon in Manhattan for Jacob Adelman, the husband of Estella Adelman
1938: Anti-Jewish riots began today in Bransk, Poland.
1938 Premier of “You Can't Take It With You,” the screen adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, two of the Jewish giants of Broadway with a screenplay by Robert Riskin and music by Dimitri Tiomkin.
1939: Germany and the Soviet signed a Union Non-Aggression pact. If Germany were to invade Poland, then the Soviet Union would not interfere. The pact would lead to the Soviets and Germany dividing Poland. Britain reacted with a call for the mobilization of its civil and military forces. This agreement gave Hitler his “green light” for the invasion of Poland, which marked the start of World War II and the end of European Jewry as we knew it.
1940: Junior Hadassah, the young women's Zionist organization, established at its annual convention today a war emergency fund for youth needs in Palestine
1940: “From Nurse to Worse” a comedy starring The Three Stooges – Moe Howard, Larry Fine & Curly Howard – and featuring Ned Glass and Cy Schindell was released today in the United States.
1941: In Berlin, Himmler, gave notice of a new Nazi policy. Henceforth, Jews would no longer be permitted to leave German occupied Europe.
1942: Birthdate of Lawrence Ira Brezner, the Brooklyn born movie producer who “made” the movie career of Robin Williams and Billy Crystal.
1942: The USS Blue, a destroyer that had survived Pearl Harbor thanks to Ensigns Nathan Asher and Milton Moldane was scuttled today in “Iron Bottom Sound” after having been “damaged beyond repair” yesterday in fighting off the coast of Guadalcanal.
1942: Cardinal Jules Saliège of Toulouse issued a pastoral letter today condemning the persecution of the Jews.
1942: Fifty-eight year old Grete (Seligmann) Adelsheimer was transported from Stuttgart to Terezin today after which she would be sent to Auschwitz where she was murdered in 1944.
1942: The O.S.E. (a Jewish humanitarian organization formed in 1912) and the Eclaireurs Israélites de France joined forces with other groups to begin to work on saving Jews who have been arrested in and around Lyons.
1943: Birthdate of Rhodesian native Norman Geras, the Oxford educated “political theorist,” University of Manchester Professor and author of works about Karl Marx.
1944: In Queens, New York, the cornerstone was laid for the Joseph Bulova School of Watchmaking which was designed to train disabled war veterans and provide them with a useful trade. Stanley Simon Bulova’s industrial relations director shepherded the school into being. Long before the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 made such amenities familiar, he oversaw the construction of a building specifically tailored to the needs of disabled people. (As reported, in part by Margalit Fox)
1944: Rumania surrenders to the Allies – in this case to the advancing Soviet Army. Hope of survival comes to the Jews of this Axis nation where half of the pre-war population survived thanks to King Michael’s decision to capitulate.
1946: “The Big Sleep” co-starring Lauren Bacall, with music by Max Steiner and featuring Ben Welden was released today in the United States by Warner Brothers.
1950(10th of Elul, 5710): Seventy-two year old former New York State Senator and City Judge Henry G. Schackno passed away today in the Bronx.
1952: Formation of the Arab League. The League’s charter did not call for the destruction of the state of Israel. It did not have to since the organizing members had invaded the Jewish state in 1948 with just that intent. The league did expel Egypt when Sadat signed the treaty with Begin. Years later Egypt was readmitted, but not forgiven. In the early part of the decade, the league did agree to consider “normalizing relations with Israel” after she withdrew to the pre-1967 borders including the surrender of Jerusalem.
1953(12th of Elul, 5713): Seventy-nine year old Louis M. Cahn, a native of Ashland, Ohio, graduate of Harvard Law School and the Secretary of the Maxwell Street Settlement House in Chicago passed away today.
1957(26th of Av, 5717): “Two guards of the Israeli Mekorot water company were killed near Kibbutz Beit Govrin.”
1957(26th of Av, 5717): Seventy-six year old Parisian Eugene Paul Louis Schueller, the founder of the cosmetic and beauty company L’Oreal and employer of Efrayim Khahneman, whom he rescued from the Nazis which meant that Efrayim and his wife Rachel could give birth to Nobel Prize winner Daniel Kahneman passed away today.
1959: Birthdate of Eitan Cabal, the native of Rosh HaAyin who served in the Knesset as a member of the Labor Party.
1959: In “Landowska: Romantic Scholar” published today Harold C. Schonberg provides a biography of harpsichordist Wanda Landowska who had recently passed away.
1959: In Philadelphia, Mary Louise (née Beatty) and John Herbert Adler gave birth to future New Jersey Congressman John Herbert Adler.
1960(30th of Av, 5720): Sixty-five year old Oscar Hammerstein II Broadway librettist passed away. The Jewish team of Rogers and Hammerstein almost singled handedly defined that uniquely American entertainment medium – the Broadway Musical. Two of their seminal works were “Oklahoma” and “Carousel.
1960(30th of Av, 5720): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1961: Premiere of “The Young Doctors” co-starring George Segal in his first movie and Ina Ballin as “Cathy Hunt” with music by Elmer Bernstein and filmed by cinematographer Arthur J. Ornitz.
1961: “The Honeymoon Machine” a computer comedy produced by Lawrence Weingarten, featuring Marcel Hillaire was released in the United States today by MGM.
1962(23rd of Av, 5722): While serving as Minister of Housing and Construction, 50 year old Dr Giora Yoseftal passed away. Born in Germany in 1912, he made Aliyah in 1938, fought with the British Army in WW II before working in the Jewish Agency’s Aliyah Department.
1964(15th of Elul, 5724): Sixty year old Louis Pollock, the native of Liverpool who gave up a career in advertising to become a Hollywood screenwriter passed away today.
1965(25th of Av, 5725): Sixty nine year old “graphic artist Asa Cheffetz” the husband of Alice Cheffets and who “in 1944 designed and engraved the official bookplate for the Library of Congress” passed away today.
1969: Two Jordanian students try to blow up the Israeli Commercial Fair at Izmir, Turkey.
1972: Final broadcast of “The Super” a comedy series created by Rob Reiner, Phil Mishkin and Garry Isenberg.
1973(25th of Av, 5733): Sixty-eight year old forensic psychiatrist and author Dr. Henry A. Davidson, the Newark, NJ born son of physician and husband of “the former Adelaide Heyman with whom he had two children – Laurence and Ellen – passed away today.
1973: In response to threats from Moshe Dayan that he either be made head of the government or he would bolt the Labor party, Israel Galili, at the behest of Prime Minister Meir, circulated a document intended to create a compromise between the competing forces within the Labor Party. Dayan led those who sought to aggressively expand Jewish Settlements in the West Bank. He was opposed by Abba Eban and Pinchas Sapir. The compromise called for the creation of 30 new West Bank settlements over the next four years. The settlements were not to be built in areas with a high density of Arab population. But at Dayan’s insistence all these 30 additional settlements along with 46 that had already been built would be within the borders of Israel at the end of any future peace negotiations with the Arabs.
1975(16th of Elul, 5735): Seventy-three year old screenwriter Sidney Robert Buchman, the native of Duluth, Minnesota and Columbia University graduate who served as President of the Screen Writers Guild of America who ended up on the infamous Hollywood Blacklist passed away today.
1980: The curtain came down today on a Broadway revival of Lerner and Loewe’s Camelot, which had opened in July
1980: The original Australian production of “They’re Playing Our Song,” “a musical with a book by Neil Simon, lyrics by Carole Bayer Sager, and music by Marvin Hamlisch” opened today at the Royal Theatre in Sydney.
1980: Jewish dissident Iosif Begun went on trial today as the Soviet Union pursued its “anti-Zionist campaign.”
1981(23rd of Av, 5741): Seventy-six year old Elias Picheny, the native of Fostov, Ukraine, the American social worker and husband of Ukrainian born Dora Wortham Pichney with whom he had two children – Jacob and Joel.
1982(4th of Elul, 5742): Sixty-six year old Alfred S. Bloomingdale, the son of Hiram Bloomingdale and the heir to fortune connected with the department store chain that bears his family’s name passed away today.
1985: A month after opening in Hong Kong, “The Protector” directed and written by James Glickenhaus was released today in the United States.
1985: In Santa Monica, CA, “Michael D. Miller, a real estate investor, and Miriam (Glosser) Miller” to Stephen Miller, the Duke University graduate who began serving “as Senior Advisor to the President for Policy” in the Trump administration on January 20, 2017.
1990(2nd of Elul, 5750): David Rose, British born American songwriter, composer and conductor passed away. The four- time Emmy winner is known for his work such television hits as Bonanza as well as musical creations including The Stripper and Calypso Melody.
1991: After two days of riots in Crown Heights, the police shifted tactics and the violence began to subside.
1992(24th of Av, 5752): Eighty-seven year old defense lawyer Abraham Brodsky passed away.
1995: “Drunks” a film set at an AA meeting co-starring Richard Lewis premiered at the Boston Film Festival.
1995(27th of Av, 5755): Ninety-six year old Alfred Eisenstaedt, one of the greatest photojournalist of all time passed away. You may not know his name, but you know his work. For once, a picture is indeed worth a thousand words so here are several places to look. (Editor’s Note – For all of us put film in a camera, people like Eisenstaedt were like the gods on Olympus, or in my case Canon)
1998: The New York Times book section featured reviews of the memoir of an alcoholic who grew up in an observant Jewish household in an affluent New Jersey suburb and who changed her life after a car crash involving her parent entitledSlow Motion: A True Story by Dani Shapiro and Living the Bill of Rights: How to Be an Authentic American in which Jewish historian, writer and civil libertarian Nat Hentoff offers “profiles of Americans who, Hentoff believes, embody the constitutional ideals expressed in the Bill of Rights.”
1998(1st of Elul, 5758): Rosh Chodesh Elul
1998: Broadcast of the first episode of “That ‘70’s Show” a sit-com co-starring Mila Kunis.
1999(11th of Elul, 5759): Hollywood screenwriter Norman Wexler whose works included "Saturday Night Fever”, and "Mandingo" passed away.
2000(22nd of Av, 5760): Seventy-eight year old Herman Clurman, the son of Lena Shimshak and Morris J. Clurman and the husband of Gloria A. (Glick) Clurman passed away today and was buried at the Montefiore Cemetery in Queens.
2000: “The Art of War” co-starring Maury Chaykin as “Frank Capella” was released in the United States today by Warner Brothers.
2002(15th of Elul, 5762): Ninety-four year old Louise Rosenfield Noun “a Grinnell College graduate for whom the college's program in women's studies is named, died today, at the Iowa Jewish Senior Life Center in Des Moines.
2003(25th of Av, 5763): Seventy-three year old Fruma Rahel Wiezt of Jerusalem died today from the wounds she suffered during the Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing on August 19.
2003(25th of Av, 5763): Seventy-nine year old “Yiddish speaking actor” Hy Anzell passed away today.
2005: Haaretz reported that Dalia Rabikovitch had passed away at the age of 69. Rabikovitch was born in Ramat Gan in 1936. Her name and her works may not be known to many in America. But in Israel she was described as“one of the main pillars of Hebrew poetry." She also wrote poetry for children and translated American and English poetic works into Hebrew. She had won both the Bialik Prize and the Israel Prize. Ms. Rabikovitch was a vociferous critic of Israel’s 1982 invasion of Lebanon.
2006: Peter “Falk’s memoir Just One More Thing was published by Carroll & Graf” today.
2006: The Wall Street Journal announced that Rite Aid which was founded by Alex Grass “would be buying the Eckerd Pharmacy and Brooks Pharmacy chains.”
2006: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel has bought two new submarines from Germany. The new submarines - called the U212 - will be fitted with a new German technology in which the propulsion system combines a conventional diesel lead-acid battery system and an air-independent propulsion system used for slow, silent cruising, with a fuel cell equipped with oxygen and hydrogen storage. Yes the Jewish state is litterally getting “U-boats” the name given to Nazi Scourge of the North Atlantic in World War II.
2006(29th of Av, 5766): St.-Sgt. Alex Assaf, 21, from Karmiel, was killed and three others were injured when a company of soldiers of the Givati Brigade accidentally walked into a minefield in southern Lebanon near Mount Dov, also known as the Shaba Farms. A platoon commander was listed in serious condition, the battalion commander Lt.-Col. Bassam sustained moderate wounds and another soldier was lightly wounded. The Jerusalem Post published the following link listing all who had lost their lives before the cease fire.In Memoriam - JPost.com special project
2007: Representatives of the Kabbalah Center confirmed that pop star Madonna, actress Demi Moore, actor Ashton Kutcher and fashion designer Donna Karan are among the famous faces scheduled to arrive as part of a Kabbalah Center tour being organized for the High Holidays.
2008: An exhibition entitled "From Distant Places to Dubuque's Shores: 175 Years of Jewish Life" opens at the National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium in Dubuque, Iowa. Alexander Levi blazed many trails in Dubuque. According to an article in the Telegraph-Herald, Dubuque's first Jewish settler, Levi became the state's first naturalized citizen, spent 50 years as a Mason and served as Dubuque Justice of the Peace. A successful miner and mine provisioner, Levi's dry-goods establishment became one of the largest and best-known retail stores of its time. Now, Levi's story and Dubuque's Jewish history are featured in the latest exhibit at the National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium. "From Distant Places to Dubuque's Shores: 175 Years of Jewish Life" premieres at the museum Saturday, Aug. 23, and runs through the end of the year. "We are so thrilled," said Karin Pritikin, a lead exhibit organizer with the Alexander Levi Heritage Project, a volunteer initiative of Dubuque's Temple Beth El. Project organizers used a $5,000 competitive award from the city of Dubuque and a $3,000 "mini grant" from Humanities Iowa/The National Endowment for the Humanities to create a multimedia exhibit. "This is a unique exploration of Jewish history that is long overdue," said Jerry Enzler, the river museum's executive director. "It shows how diverse Dubuque was in its very founding." Levi emigrated from France in 1833 and was followed by other French Jews. By the end of the 19th century, most of Dubuque's Jewish population came from Russia or Poland. Over the decades, as their numbers ebbed and swelled, Dubuque's Jewish community founded several congregations, a Jewish cemetery, a political club, a ladies aid society and Hebrew schools. "Levi founded Dubuque's first Jewish congregation," Pritikin said. One of the exhibit's recurring themes is Dubuque's historic climate of religious tolerance:
* Levi was an early donor to Father Samuel Mazzuchelli, as the pioneering clergyman built Dubuque's first Catholic Church, St. Raphael's.
* Jews and non-Jews entered into successful and enduring business partnerships beginning in the early 19th century.
* Jewish citizens were elected and appointed to government posts at the local and state level.
* The dedication of Temple Beth El in 1939 was presided over by a Catholic judge, attended by Dubuque residents of many faiths and included an ecumenical service with participation from Methodist clergy.”
2008: Police discovered that Vandals had painted 11 swastikas on some of the 2,700 gray slabs of Berlin's Holocaust memorial today. A police statement said the red and black Nazi symbols were discovered by a guard at the monument and were immediately wiped off the seven slabs affected.
2008: Two wooden boats carrying dozens of human rights activists reached the Gaza Strip on this afternoon after the Israeli navy decided not to hinder the challenge to Israel's blockade of the Palestinian enclave.
2008: Galit Chait “a former Israeli competitive ice dancer” “married former Italian military policeman Francesco Moracci in New Jersey” today.
2009: In New York City the Le Poisson Rouge Art Gallery’s third exhibition of the works of Itamar Jobani, the renowned Israeli installation artist, comes to an end.
2009: The Washington Post features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Wrestling with Moses: How Jane Jacobs Took On New York's Master Builder and Transformed the American City by Anthony Flint.
2009: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Why This World: A Biography of Clarice Lispector by Benjamin Moser.
2009(3rd of Elul, 5769): Ninety-year old Stanley Kaplan, a pathfinder in the fields of test preparation and for-profit education passed away today. (As reported by Karen W. Arneson)
2010: As part of its Hints of Elul series, Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to present “Create in Me a Clean Heart, O God; and Renew a Right Spirit within Me. (Psalm 51:12)”
2010: Norway's Ministry of Finance announced that the Norway Oil Fund divested from Africa-Israel Investments and Danya Cebus Ltd. Today. The reason given is the companies' construction in the West Bank.
2010: The monumental chestnut tree that cheered Anne Frank while she was in hiding from the Nazis was toppled by wind and heavy rain today. The once mighty tree, now diseased and rotted through the trunk, snapped about 3 feet (1 meter) above ground and crashed across several gardens. It damaged a brick wall and several sheds, but nearby buildings — including the Anne Frank House museum — escaped unscathed. No one was injured, a museum spokeswoman said.
2010: The 14 Israeli police officers who will leave for earthquake ravaged Haiti as part of the U.N. multinational force, attended a ceremony at the Western Wall today ahead of their scheduled departure on early next week. The delegation constitutes the first-ever Israeli group to serve in active duty under the command of the United Nations. The police officers will remain in Haiti for an extended period of time
2010(13th of Elul, 5770): Seventy-two year old Vienna, Austria native and “noted civil right and criminal defense lawyer Tom Adler, the grandson of Guido Adler, who worked “to recover family assets stolen by the Nazis” passed away today.
2010(13th of Elul, 5770): Eighty-nine year old song writer George David Weiss passed away (As reported by Margalit Fox)
2011: The Board of Trustees of Tifereth Israel Dinner and Meeting is scheduled to take place this evening Columbus, Ohio.
2011: Open Mic Night is scheduled tonight at the Off The Wall Comedy Empire in Jerusalem.
2011: Roni Ish-Ran, a musician and payytan from Nahla’ot and the Beit Abba band are scheduled to perform this evening in Jerusalem.
2011: The Israeli intelligence community is in disagreement regarding Hamas’s involvement in the recent round of violence between Israel and terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip.
2011: Officially, Hamas has claimed it was not involved in the attacks near Eilat on August 18, which Israel attributed to the Popular Resistance Committees, or in the firing of more than 150 rockets and mortars into Israel, which came to a tentative end on yesterday with the institution of a tense ceasefire.
2011: Australia today joined the growing ranks of Western nations that have decided to boycott the so-called Durban III conference set to take place at the United Nations headquarters next month.Canberra announced it would not take part in the tenth anniversary commemoration of the Durban World Conference on Racism citing concern it would be exploited by Israel's foes and focus unfairly on the Jewish State.
2011: "Jewish centers and synagogues were evacuated by the earthquake that was felt up and down the east coast. Staffers at synagogues in Washington D.C. and Richmond, Va., the city closest to the epicenter, tried to calm one another’s jangled nerves as they checked their buildings for structural damage. At Adas Israel, the largest Conservative synagogue in Washington, Executive Director Glenn Easton ordered the building evacuated after the quake ended. A lunch for seniors was stopped midway, and 100 people filed out of the building." (As reported by Naomi Zeveloff)
2012: Dr. Peggy Pearlstein, the head of the Hebraic Section at the Library of Congress is scheduled to lead a noontime discussion of People of the Book by Geraldine Brooks.
2012: President Shimon Peres called on German President Joachim Gauck today to resolve the German legal issues around circumcision, Army Radio reported. "Circumcision has constituted a central aspect of our nation's Jewish identity over thousands of years. The value of religious freedom for the Jewish community must be preserved," Peres wrote Gacuk in a letter. Peres hosted Gauck at the Presidential Residence in May.
2012: Hezbollah should be placed on the European Union’s terror list, Philipp Missfelder, Bundestag foreign policy spokesman for German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party, wrote The Jerusalem Post today.
2012: A man in Melbourne accused of taunting his neighbors with anti-Semitic abuse was evicted from his apartment. Adam Schipkie, 28, was ordered by a government tribunal from his local council flat today after residents, including some Holocaust survivors, complained.
2012: Temple Shalom of Auburn, ME is scheduled to sponsor a field trip to the Maine Jewish Museum at Congregation Etz Chaim in Portland, Maine.
2012: Publication of “The Forgotten Refugees” a film about the one million Jews driven from their homes in Arab and Moslem countries.
2013: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Temple Judah is scheduled to host a Musical Shabbat followed by the installation of new congregational officers.
2013: “Fill the Void” is scheduled to be shown at several theatres in New England include the Roxy in Burlington, VT, the Colonial in Keene, NH and the Strand in Rockland, ME
2013: San Diego mayor Bob Filner is expected to resign today.
2013: Israeli fighter jets bombed targets south of Beirut early this morning in what the IDF spokesperson said was retaliation for rocket attacks against northern Israel the day before. . (As reported by Ilan Ben Zion)
2013: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the rocket fire from Lebanon that landed in northern Israel yesterday
2013(17th of Elul, 5773): Eighty-eight year old psychiatrist and author William Glasser passed away today. (As reported by Paul Vitello)
2014: At the Chabad House in Iowa City. Moishie Blesofsky, the son of Rabbi Avremel and Chaya Blesofsky is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah.
2014(27th of Av, 5774): Eighty-year old Philippine de Rothschild passed away today.(As reported by Douglas Martin)
2014(27th of Av, 5774): Seventy-five year old historian Michael Katz passed away today. (As reported by Paul Vitello)
2014: In Tel Aviv, The Titanic Exhibition that includes “hundreds of artifacts” from the unsinkable ship is scheduled to come to an en
2014: The Tel Aviv Performing Arts Center is scheduled to host a “Tribute to Ofra Haza” as part of its August Concert Series.
2014: Over 100 rockets were fired on Israel from Gaza today with one hitting the dining hall at the kibbutz where a four year had been killed the day before and another injuring two people in parkinglot in Beersheva.
2014: Two children were injured by shrapnel when five rockets were fired from Syria at the northern Golan Heights tonight, after a rocket fired from Lebanon hit an empty house in the Western Galilee earlier.
2014: “A long list of Hollywood heavyweights” including Mayim Bialik, Minnie Driver, Kelsey Grammer, Seth Rogen, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Sarah Silverman, and Sylvester Stallone have put their names to a letter slamming Hamas over the “devastating loss of life endured by Israelis and Palestinians in Gaza” and condemning the “ideologies of hatred and genocide which are reflected in Hamas’ charter, Article 7 of which reads, ‘There is a Jew hiding behind me, come on and kill him!’”
2015: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish writers and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Two-State Delusion: Israel and Palestine – A Tale of Two Narratives by Padraig O’Malley, The Prize: Who’s in Charge of America’s Schools? by Dale Russakoff, Machines of Love Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots by John Markoff and Faith ED. – Teaching About Religion in an Age of Intolerance by Linda K. Wertheimer.
2015: In London, The UK Jewish Film which “is dedicated to developing an environment in which Jewish film entertains, educates and enlightens diverse audiences in the UK and internationally is scheduled to host a showing of “The Cobbler” starring Adam Sandler.
2015: In Atlanta, the William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum is scheduled to the “Girls Lead Theatre Workshop.”
2015: In Baltimore, Dr. Greg Metcalf is scheduled to lecture on “From the Jazz Singer to Alvy Singer: The Depiction of Jews in Hollywood Film from Al Jolson to Woody Allen.”
2015: The Jewish Museum of Maryland is scheduled to host a screening of “Gentlemen’s Agreement.”
2015: Bob Geminder, a native of Wroclaw, Poland who survived the Shoah is scheduled to speak at the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust.
2015: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host “Bagel On!” “a Jewishly Fun Fair.”
2015: Shai Tsabari, the Jaffa born Yemenite singer-song writer, and the Middle East Groove Stars are scheduled to open at Joe’s Pub
2016(19th of Av, 5776): Eighty-five year old Nobel Prize winner Reinhard Selten, “who was expelled from school in Germany because he was half Jewish” passed away today.
2016(19th of Av, 5776): Ninety-four year old actor Steven Hill passed away today.
2016: “Better Late Than Never” co-starring William Shatner and Henry Winkler is scheduled to premiere on NBC.
2017(1st of, 5777): Rosh Chodesh Elul – Begin sounding the shofar.
2017: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told Russian President Vladimir Putin during a meeting in Sochi, Russia, today that "Iran is increasing its efforts to establish its military foothold in Syria which is dangerous for Israel, the Middle East and the whole world.”
2017: Today “US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman appeared to critique US President Donald Trump’s response to the racially motivated violence in Charlottesville earlier this month.” (As reported by Raoul Wootliff)
2017: Four female students from the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, including two Americans, who were among a group of 15 rabbinical, cantorial and Jewish education students from North America and Australia who joined about 200 men and women in an egalitarian service held this morning on the plaza behind the men’s and women’s sections were asked to lift their shirts and skirts for security before being allowed to enter the Western Wall plaza.
2017: The Israel Foreign Ministry said today that “six tons of food aid were distributed to residents of a village in a drought-stricken area of South Sudan.”
2017: Bat Yam is scheduled to open “its streets and boardwalk for a theatre festival” that lasts three days.
2017: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to host “Hidden in Plain Sight: Forgotten Je