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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.

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    September 16

    1380: King Charles V of France died.  Charles ruled during a very difficult time in French history – the 14thcentury – that included the One Hundred Years War and the Black Death.  For French monarchs, guile and deception were critical to keep the state afloat. Regardless of his reasons, the Jews of France fared better under him than they did under many of his predecessors and successors. When he assumed the throne in 1364, he continued to honor the promises he had made to the Jews during the Regency. The “Jews of Paris lived quietly in the district of St. Antoine, near the dwelling of Hugues Aubriot, the grand provost of Paris, who protected them” reportedly because “he was fond of the beautiful Jewesses.” He saw to it that Jewish children who had been baptized were returned to their families and that those who stole from the Jews, including members of the nobility, were punished. The Jews did have enemies including those who owed them large sums of money and members of the nobility.  These groups convinced Charles to issue a decree expelling the Jews; a decree he rescinded before it ever went into effect. “In 1370, when the king increased the general taxes, he solemnly confirmed the privileges that he had granted to the Jews, demanding of them only 1,500 francs. In 1372 he restored to them certain manuscripts which had been confiscated. But at the same time he did not lose sight of his own interests, and when he was in need of money, in 1378, he made an agreement with the Jews in accordance with which, in return for being exempted from all other imposts, they were to pay him 20,000 francs in gold, in four installments, and 200 francs a week. In 1379 he granted them an important concession in connection with the fairs of Champagne and Brie. On visiting the fairs the Jews were accustomed to take mortgages on the property of their creditors. But they could foreclose these mortgages only when solvent Christians acted as sureties, and they complained that, since they could not in general find anyone to act as surety, they always lost their claims. The king therefore decreed that Jews might in future be accepted as sureties. [Source – Jewish Encyclopedia;  for a highly readable account of life in 14thcentury France that will help you better understand the plight of the Jews see A Distant Mirror by Barbara Tuchman.]

    1087: Victor III, sometimes referred to as “the Jewish Pope” passed away today.

    1498:  According to some sources, Tomas de Torquemada, head of the Spanish Inquisition which destroyed the Sephardic Community on the Iberian Peninsula, passed away. 

    1501: A decree was issued by the Portuguese Governor Nicolas de Oviendo which aimed at keeping Jews from entering the New World.

    1638: Birthdate of Louis XIV.  Known as the Sun King, Louis reigned from 1643 until 1715.Louis’ dealings with Jews were of marginal historic interest.  During his reign, Jews were variously allowed to, and banned from, conducting trading activities in French colonies and in Provence. As Colbert, one of Louis’ ministers pointed, opposition by Christian merchants to Jewish business ventures was not based on religion.  Rather, the merchants were using the smoke screen of religion to eliminate competition.  Only at the end of his long, debauched life, did Louis show any interest in the religious dynamics of the issue.  Having grown pious as he faced death, Louis issued a decree banning Jews from Provence, including the port of Marseilles demanding that they leave and leave their possession behind.

    1658: With the signing of the Treaty of Hadiach on this date, the Polish Crown elevated the Cossacks and Ruthenians to a position equal to that of Poles and Lithuanians in the Polish-Lithuanian Union, and in fact transformed the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth into a Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth.  This led to a worsening situation for the Jews of Poland who had already suffered at the hands of the Cossacks for the last ten years. 

    1701: Sixty-seven year old King James II of the United Kingdom who put an end to a mandatory tax being imposed on Jews for not attending “the established church” and who said that the Jews should “quietly enjoy the free exercise of their religion” passed away today. (Editor’s note – The kings’ action was tied to the conflict between Catholics and Protestants racking the British Isles during which the treatment of the Jews was a sideline event.)

    1747: Birthdate of German theologian Johann Ludwig Ewald an “advocate for the Jews” arguing that the “shortcoming” of the Jews “were the result of persecution.”

    1747:  Pope Benedict XIV prohibited Jewish converts to Christianity from giving their wives gittin(religious divorce). 

    1777: In Frankfurt am Main, Mayer Amschel Rothschild and Gutle Schnapper gave birther to their fourth child Nathan Mayer Rothschild, the founder of the English House of Rothschild.

    1779: Philip Minis volunteered to serve a guide for the French and American forces who were beginning their siege of Savanah today during the American Revolution.

    1784(1stof Tishrei, 5545): Rosh Hashanah

    1793(10thof Tishrei, 5554): Yom Kippur

    1795: For the first time, during the Napoleonic Wars, British Forces occupied Cape Colony, South Africa, as way of keeping the valuable maritime choke point from falling in French hands. Although there is evidence that some non-observant Jews were living in the colony at this time, there was no organized Jewish community due to the fact that the Dutch East India Company, which controlled the colony, required all of its employees to be Protestants.  The British would leave in 1803 only to return in 1806 when they would establish a permanent colonial presence. Oddly enough, when the Dutch regained control they promulgated an ordinance allowing for the practice of all religions; an ordinance the British repealed in 1806 and did not reactivate again until 1820, at a time when Jews first began to settle as a community in South Africa.

    1807: This evening, “Mr. Hyam Abendadone of the Island of St. Thomas” married Miss Grace Abendanone of Charleston, SC.

    1810: Mexico declares its independence from Spain. Spain would not recognize the independence until 1821.  At the time of the declaration Mexico lacked an identifiable Jewish population thanks to the anti-Semitic policies of the government of Spain.  There were numerous Conversos living in Mexico.  Jewish migration to Mexico began in earnest in the middle of the 19th century. Today Mexico has approximately 40,000 to 50,000 Jews living in the country.

    1812(10th of Tishrei, 5573) Yom Kippur

    1812: Rothschild observed Yom Kippur for the last time.  As an observant Jew, he walked to the synagogue, spent the day in prayer and returned home in the evening to break the fast.

    1818: David ben Shumel married Sarah bat Isaac at the Western Synagogue today

    1824: Louis XVIII who had been returned to the French throne as part of what is called “the Restoration” and during whose reign the “enemies of Jews” failed to undo the improvement of their conditions reached under Napoleon, passed away today.

    1824: Charles X, the last of France’s absolute monarchs whose abdication helped lead to full emancipation of French Jews, began his reign today.

    1828: Birthdate of “Dutch Christian Old Testament Scholar” Abraham Kuenen who “was one of the leaders of the modern school of Old Testament Critics” who spent the last six years of his life working on a new translation of Hebrew Bible.

    1829: Lewis Davis married Rebekah Ann Jacobs at the Western Synagogue today.

    1829: In violation of Papal Law, “a meeting of inquisitors addresses the case of 3 Jewish families living in Foligno, Italy.

    1829: Isaac Isaacson married Miriam Mosely at the Great Synagogue today.

    1835: Birthdate of Posen native Abraham Slimmer who came to the United States at the age of 15 and became a successful Iowa businessman before passing away in Dubuque. (Some sources show his birthdate as September 14).

    1841(1st of Tishrei, 5602): Rosh Hashanah

    1841: Lydia Maria Child, a non-Jew from Boston, attended Rosh Hashanah services at Shearith Isreal Synagogue in York City.  What follows are excerpts from a letter of she wrote after attending the sevice,


    Shortly after entering, she and her female companion were "gruffly" moved from the front seats to the women's section "in the upper part of the house." Child then recorded her feelings of being in a Jewish house of worship. "The effect produced on my mind by witnessing the ceremonies of the Jewish synagogue was strange and bewildering; spectral and flitting; with a sort of vanishing resemblance to reality; the magic lantern of the past." As she underwent this religious experience, she was "solemnly impressed with recollections of those ancient times when the Divine was heard amid the thunders of Sinai, and the Holy Presence (Shekinah) shook the mercy seat between the cherubim." Carefully, she looked at the ark containing the "Sacred Law written on scrolls of vellum and rolled as in the time of Moses." However, she was dismayed when she realized that instead of a "brazen laver" for washing there was only "a common bowl and ewer of English delf." All male members of the congregation, even little boys, wore "fringed silk mantles bordered with blue stripes." What she found incongruous were "these mantles worn over modern broadcloth coats and fashionable pantaloons with straps." Even the dress of the "priest" as she labeled the chacham, was problematic for her. "His large white silk shawl, which shaded his forehead and fell over his shoulders, was drawn over a common black hat!" She did see this official at times "cover his face completely, as in the time of Moses, stoop and lay his forehead on the book before him." Apparently, Child had made this visit thinking the Jews of her day were representatives of biblical times. Since this was not the case for her, she wrote. "But through the whole, priest and people kept on their hats. My spirit was vexed with this. I had turned away from the turmoil of the Present, to gaze quietly for a while on the grandeur of the Past; and the representatives of the Past walked before me, not in the graceful oriental turban, but the useful European hat!" She was also critical of the shofar blowing, even as she compared it to the instrument that sounded on Sinai. "The trumpet," she wrote, "which was blown by a Rabbi with a shawl drawn over his hat and face, was of the ancient shape, somewhat resembling a cow's horn. It did not send forth a spirit-stirring peal; but the sound groaned and struggled through it." (Editor’s note: I do not have the citation for this.  I hope the author will not think that I have ‘moved the boundary stones’ on his or her work.


    1843(21st of Elul, 5603): Ezekiel Hart passed away. Born in 1767, he was a Jewish Canadian entrepreneur and politician, and the first Jew to be elected to public office in the British Empire. “He was elected three times by the voters of Trois-Rivières to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada. Some members consistently prevented him from taking his seat by observing that as a Jew, he could not take the oath of office, which included the phrase ‘on the true faith of a Christian’.”

    1847(6th of Tishrei, 5608): The poet Grace Aguilar died at Frankfort-on-the Main, at age 31. She was the oldest child of parents descended from Portuguese Marranos who sought asylum in England in the eighteenth century. A prominent poet and writer, her words graced Jewish journals around the world. She was a staunch defender of Judaism, and a Torah loving woman. "Her last words, spelled on her fingers, were, 'Though he slay me, yet will I trust in Him,'"

    1849(29th of Elul, 5609): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1850(10th of Tishrei, 5611): Yom Kippur

    1854(23rdof Elul, 5614): Leil Selichot

    1854(23rdof Elul, 5614): Miriam Aaron, the wife of Lewis Aaron passed away today, following which she would be buried in the Canterbury Jewish Cemetery.

    1856: Birthdate of Moses Gaster, the native or Romania who become Chacham of the Spanish and Portugese Congregation in London as well as leading scholar at Oxford.

    1858: Today’s Personal column reported that “a curious Hebrew publication has just issued from the Berlin press-a biography of Alexander Von Humboldt, written in the ancient tongue, and destined to extend the knowledge of the life and scientific labors of this celebrated man in the wide circle of the Russo-Polish and Asiatic Jews. The full title is, Alexander Von Humboldt: A Biographical Sketch, Dedicated to the Nestor of Wisdom on his 88th Birthday by S. Slominski.”  Alexander Von Humboldt was a Prussian born naturalist and explorer who was born in 1769 and died in 1859 at the age of 89.  He was not Jewish.

    1859: A convention designed to "overcome evil with good" is scheduled to be held in Buffalo, NY.  The Jews were among those whom the public invitation should "consider themselves cordially invited."

    1860: Birthdate of Solomon Joseph Solomon, the British painter who was the brother of another painter,   Lily Delissa Joseph.

    1861: Judah P. Benjamin began serving as Secretary of War for the CSA.

    1861: Corporal Samuel A. Apple began serving a four year hitch with Company B of the 51st Regiment.

    1861: Private Moses Jacoby began serving a four year hitch with Company E of the 47thRegiment.

    1863(3rd of Tishrei, 5624): Tzom Gedaliah

    1871(1st of Tishrei, 5632): Rosh Hashanah

    1871: An article published today entitled “Commencement of the Jewish New Year” reported that “at sundown last evening the new Jewish Year, 5632 commenced.  The Jews do not inaugurate their ecclesiastical year with festivities; on the contrary, the Jewish year is commenced with ten days of atonement.”   According to the article the Jews keep the first part of year holy because they are remembering the receiving of the word from Mount Sinai. [Editor’s note – At least they got part of it right]

    1876: B.F. Peixotto, the United States Consul at Bucharest, Romania, is scheduled to address the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at their meeting hall on the corner of 42nd Street and 6th Avenue in New York City.

    1877(9th of Tishrei, 5638): Erev Yom Kippur 

    1877: The following anti-Semitic canard was published today during the Russo-Turkish War “The Jews are indeed ubiquitous.  They are everywhere.  Their jeweled fingers are in everything.  The Russians cannot feed their troops without them.  The Turks borrow of them to clothe their armies.  No great event of any kind occurs unless they assist in it, both as principles accessories.

    1877: It was reported today that Jews in the following cities have built synagogues in the past year: London & Bath (UK), Waadt (Switzerland), Rio de Jeneiro (Brazil), Linz (Austria), Bremen & Heilbrun (Germany), Ancona and Bologne (Italy), New York, Springfield & Petersburg (United States)

    1877: It was reported today there 373 houses of worship in Rome, four of which are synagogues.

    1877: Rabbi Gustav Gottheil will preach the sermon at Kol Nidre services this evening at Temple Emanuel in New York City

    1877: Rabbi Adolph Huebsch will preach the sermon tonight at the temple on the corner of 55th Street and Lexington Avenue.

    1877: Ten fires broke out tonight between 6 and 8 o’clock in places occupied by persons who are thought to be Jews.  Thanks to the swift response of the fire department none of the fires caused much damage.  The damage caused by all then fires was valued at approximately 500 dollars with individual losses ranging from “slight” to $300.

    1878(4th of Tishrei, 5548): Tzom Gedaliah observed because the 3rd was Shabbat

    1879: It was reported today that among those in Memphis who have recently contracted Yellow Fever are the Jewish brothers, James and Israel Peres, the sons of Jacob J. Peres who owns the brokerage firm of J.J. Peres & Company.

    1879: Birthdate of Georg Lewin, the Berlin native who gained fame as Herwath Walden whose eclectic interests led him to careers as “a musician, composer, writer, critic, and gallery owner.”

    1880: “City and Suburban News” published today described the observance of “Yom Kippur…the most solemn fast in the Jewish calendar” which ended yesterday at sundown during which “no orthodox Jew allowed morsel of food or drop of water to pass lips during the 24 hours.”

    1881: It was reported today that “a disastrous fire” that has destroyed an “enormous” amount of fire has swept through Vitebsk, a major Jewish population center in the Pale of Settlement.  For more about Vitebsk see:

    1882(3rd of Tishrei, 5643): Shabbat Shuva – no Fast of Gedaliah because of Shabbat

    1886: Sixty-seven year old Louis, duc Decazes who while serving as Foreign Minister in 1875 “informed Henri Blowitz, the Bohemian Jew who was the Paris correspondent of The Times of a confidential dispatch from the French ambassador to Berlin, discussing German plans to attack France” which he asked Blowitz to publish as part of an effective plan to prevent the Germans from carrying out their plans passed away today.

    1888: It was reported today that “a peculiar and unprecedented schism has arisen among the Jews” of London.  “The Socialist Jews” have protested against the Day of Atonement by holding a banquet at the International Workingmen’s Club in Whitechapel.

    1888(11thof Tishrei, 5649): Seventy-five year old Lazare Isidor, who had been appointed Chief Rabbi of Paris in 1847 before being named Chief Rabb of France in 1867 passed away today.

    1889: In Vienna, Rachel Goggmann Cenrobert and Austrian automobile entrepreneur Emil Jellinek gave birth to Mercédès Adrienne Manuela Ramona Jellinek.  She is the Mercédès in Merceds-Benz.  Yes, this quintessential German product was named for the granddaughter of the Chief Rabbi of Vienna.

    1890(2ndof Tishrei, 5651): Second day of Rosh Hashanah

    1890: “Prague-based German merchant Ludwig Kraus and his wife, Louise” gave birth to Ernst Deutsch “the protagonist in the world première of Walter Hasenclever's Expressionist play The Son.”

    1890: Harris Adolphus and Max Rodden, the former Rabbi of the “Polish Hebrew synagogue” in Trenton, NJ, sought warrants for the arrest of Moses Skomwitschiki, the congregation’s new rabbi and several of the congregation’s officers.

    1890: In Huntington, PA, Rabbi T.A. Moses of New York was stricken with apoplexy tonight after having dismissed the congregation for whom he had been leading services for the past week.

    1891: In Providence, RI, Morris Reiger and Michael Bernstein, the mangers of the London Opera Company which they had organized among a group of Polish Jews, escaped from the police after having apparently absconded with ticket money collected for performances of “The Greenhorn.”

    1891: “Troubles In the Dispensary of the Beth Israel Hospital” published today described the conflict between the Beth Hospital Association which started its hospital four months ago and the dispensary which had been open for a year before the two were combined.

    1891: “Cholera In Asiatic Turkey” published today described the discriminatory measures being taken in the villages around Aleppo to deal with the epidemic where the Turkish officials allowed the Moslems and Christians “to leave the villages but not the Jews.  They are compelled to stay.”

    1892(24thof Elul, 5652): Sixty-one year old Judah Leib Gordon, one of the leading “Hebrew poets of the Jewish Enlightenment” passed away.

    1893: Birthdate of Hungarian native Sir Alexander Korda who became a leading figure in the British film industry where he worked as both a director and producer.

    1894: It was reported today that in the one New York district inhabited by Russian and Polish Jews “there an average of fifty-seven families to a house” while the general average in other tenement districts “is 34 persons to a house.”

    1895: Reverend G.R. Cutting, pastor of the Yonkers Presbyterian Church presented a paper entitled “The Conversion of the Jews” today in which “he took the view that the Jews will be restored to the land of Palestine. Some of his fellow ministers who heard the paper said that the “Jews might become Christians before the end of the world, but that they would not return to Palestine” as would be proven if a vote were taken among the Jews; the majority of whom vote to remain in America “in preference to going to Palestine.”

    1896(9thof Tishrei 5657): Erev Yom Kippur – Kol Nidre

    1896: At a hearing in Jefferson Market Court John Dangels told the Judge that he lost his temper yesterday when David Meyer had refused to leave his butcher shop.  He did not contest Meyer’s statement that the reason he had beaten him was because he was, to use Dangels’ word “a sheeny.”

    1896: A group of Anarchist, most of whom were Jews held a meeting at Clarendon Hall with the announced intention of “ridiculing and burlesquing the Yom Kippur observances and the Jewish religion.”

    1896: Twenty-three year old Nathan Fischer attacked Abraham Fisher, an usher at Mount Sinai Temple in a dispute over Fischer’s admission ticket. The police were called and Fisher was arrested.

    1897: “President McKinley and the members of his cabinet attended the cornerstone laying of the new Synagogue” being “erected by the Washington Hebrew Congregation on 8th Street, near H.

    1898(29thof Elul, 5658): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1898: Temple Beth-El, Temple Emanu-El and the West End Synagogue “have an extended an invitation to all solders who wish to attend services” at their respective congregations.

    1898: Any Jewish families who wish to open their homes to soldiers on Rosh Hashanah should contact William Mitchell, Superintendent of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association or The American Hebrew.

    1898: About 40 members of the 47th Regiment stationed at Fort Adams marched out of their barracks at Newport after having received a ten day furlough from Adjutant General Corbin so they could observe the Jewish holidays.

    1898: Dr. M.H. Harris delivered a sermon tonight at Temple Israel of Harlem entitled “The Influence of Good Wishes” as Jew “ushered in the 5659.”

    1898: Herzl is received by Graf Philip Eulenburg, the German ambassador in Vienna.

    1898: Birthdate of prize-winning Israeli novelist Chaim Hazaz

    1898: Birthdate of Hans Augusto Reyersbach, the native of Hamburg, Germany who gained fame as Hans Augusto "H.A." Rey is best known for his creation of the Curious George series.

    1899: A mass meeting protesting the Dreyfus Conviction is scheduled to be held at this evening at Cooper Union.

    1898: Birthdate of CCNY basketball star Hyman “Hy” Fliegel

    1898: Birthdate of Baruch Lumet, the Warsaw native who was an actor in the Yiddish theatre in the United States as well as the husband of Eugenia Gitl Lumet (née Wermus) and the father of director Sidney Lumet.

    1899: Birthdate of Samuel Spewack, who with his wife Bella wrote several screenplays including “My Favorite Wife:” which earned them an Oscar nomination for Best Original Story.

    1899: A mass meeting protesting the Dreyfus Conviction organized by Jews living on the Lower East Side is scheduled to take place tonight at Mandelbaum’s Hall.

    1899: In a “Blood Libel Case’ a Hungarian jury convicted Leopold Hilsner of murder and the judge sentenced him to hang.  Following a public outcry and campaign, Hilsner would be retried, found guilty of acting as an accomplice to murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.

    1899: “A Drama of Jewish Life Opens the Broadway Theatre” published today provides a review of “The Ghetto” which “was very well received” even though it was “rather slow and monotonous.”  The play which was translated from Dutch into English by C.B. Fernald “personifies and embodies the spirit of revolt in the Jewish nature against the meanness and sordidness with which the race has been affliected.”

    1900: Herzl meets Arminius Vámbéry in Budapest. ("He gave me his word of honor that the Sultan would receive me by May.")

    1901(3rd of Tishrei, 5662):Tzom Gedaliah

    1901: “The Messenger Boy” a musical featuring songs by Paul Rubens opened on Broadway today.

    1903: At its meeting today The Executive Committee of the Board of Education recommended to the Board of Education that it confirm the appointment of Miss Julie Richman as District Superintendent to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Charles Haskell.

    1906: Friends and family of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Fauerbach celebrated the couple’s 50th wedding anniversary this evening.  For seventeen years, they received, respectively as the Superintendent and Mtron of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Orphan Asylum.

    1909(1st of Tishrei, 5670): Jews observe Rosh Hashanah for the first time under the President of William Taft.

    1910: Jews of Salonica compel editors of Turkish paper that published anti-Semitic remarks to send a public retraction to every Turkish journal.

    1911(23rdof Elul, 5671): Leil Selichot

    1911(23rdof Elul, 5671): Forty-one year old New Yorker Alfred L. Peck, a native of Munich and President of the Hardman, Peck & Co. piano manufacturers who had married Lucy Strauss of Frankfort last October passed away today.

    1911: Birthdate of Jerome “Jerry” Irving Wald, the Brooklyn native who gained fame as a screenwriter and producer.

    1912: “To Talk on Judaism” published today described the upcoming visit to the United States of Rabbi Israel Abrahams, the noted English scholar and author.  After delivering a series of lectures at Harvard on “Some Aspects of the Life and Faith of Israel from the Liberal Point of View, he will speak at various venues including Stanford, Yale and Columbia where he will speak on the theme of “A Justification of Liberal Judaism.”  (Liberal Judaism is another term for the Reform Movement)

    1914:  Birthdate of Allen Funt, creator of the television hit “Candid Camera.”


    1914(25thof Elul, 5674): Abram Glaser passed away.


    1914(25thof Elul, 5674): Aron Gottschalk passed away.


    1915: Albert Einstein visits Switzerland where he tells the French pacifist Roman Rolland that he was no longer hopeful about an early end to the war.  According to Rolland’s diary, Einstein described the German people as having an admiration of and belief in force and a firm determination to conquer and annex territories.

    1915: Guy Zinn, an outfielder with the Baltimore Terrapins of the Federal League, played his last game as a major leaguer.

    1915: In New York, “a report by Chief Kenlon that twenty-four accidental fires were started by candles last” list last week during Rosh Hashanah “cause Fire Commissioner Adamson to urge that Jews exercise care in burning candles in connection with the” upcoming “celebration of Yom Kippur.”


    1916: The German Jewish industrialist Walter Rathenau, who had been urging European reconciliation and the mitigation of hatred, wrote a public letter to Field Marshall Ludendorff supporting the forcible deportation of 700,000 Belgian workers to Germany as part of the Hindenburg Industrial Program.


    1916: Jewish baseball player Guy Zinn plays in his last major league game.


    1916: A list of the officers of the Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies published today included Felix M. Warburg, Chairman; Leo Arnstein, Vice Chairman; Harry Sachs, Treasurer; William Goldman, Secretary and Miss Harriet B Lowenstein, Controller and Auditor.


    1916: “Hope that Jews in the United States might agree on an American Jewish congress to take up problems of Jews in other countries dwindled” today “when it became know that a plan that had been signed by representatives of the competing factions, after a long controversy has been defeated by a referendum vote of the delegates who drafter the first outline of the congress at a conference held at Philadelphia last March.”


    1916: “Figures covering the last four months made public” today “by the Department of the Immigrant Aid of the Council of Jewish Women show that the war condition are driving” many Greek and Turkish Jewish woman most of whom are under the age of 30, the bulk of them being “girls in their teen” to come the United States which “represent a class of aliens almost unheard of” in the history of the United States.


    1916: Henrietta Szold wrote to Hyam Peretz explaining why she would be saying Kaddish for her mother.


    1917: (29th of Elul, 5677): Erev Rosh Hashanah


    1917 “New Year of the Jews Begins at Sunset: Hashanah Will Be Celebrated This Evening All Over the World; Two Days of Festival Orthodox Jewish Community Devotes First and Second of Month of Tishri to Observance” published today reported that “The celebration of Rosh Hashanah, the festival of the New Year, by the Jewish people throughout the world will begin at sunset this evening.  The new year is 5678 in the Hebraic calendar and begins on the first day of the seventh month, Tishri, the month that is held to be of great importance as the festival of the New year, the fast of Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement and the festival of Succoth, or Tabernacles, the harvest fest all occur during that month.


    1917: New Year’s eve services were held in the auditoriums of the Young Men’s and Young Women’s Hebrew Association in New York as well as “in all of the army camps and naval stations in the” New York area.


    1917: Dr. Samuel Schulman officiated at services at Temple Beth-El.


    1917:  Dr. Joseph Silverman officiated at services at Temple Emanu-El.


    1917: At Carnegie Hall, Dr. Stephen Wise of the Free Synagogue delivered a sermon on “Making a Fresh Start.”


    1917: During World War I, U.S. soldiers and sailors began their furloughs today so that they could participate in the observance of Rosh Hashanah.  The War and Navy departments had agreed to a request for the holiday furloughs that had been made by Jewish Board for Welfare Work.


    1917: It was reported today that “The American Jewish Relief Committee of which Louis Marshall is the Chairman and Arthur Lehman is the Treasurer” “acknowledged last week receiving new gifts amounting to more than $132,000.”


    1917: It was reported today that among the contributions received by The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War were $150 from Cedar Rapids, Iowa and $977 from the Jewish Daily News.


    1918(10th of Tishrei, 5679): Yom Kippur


    1918: Sir John Monash, the highest ranking Jewish officer in the Australian Army planned the allied attack on the German defenses known as the Battle of the Hindenburg Line, which began today.

    1918: Second Lieutenant Louis C. Simon, Jr. of Columbus, Ohio, displayed “extraordinary heroism in action in the region of Hadonsville Les Lochausse” while serving with the 147th Aero Squadron

    1918: Birthdate of Benjamin Forester “Ben” Sohn the native of San Diego and an all-star guard with USC who played on a Rose Bowl winning team before going on to a successful career with the New York Giants.

    1919: “Di Arche” (The Ark) a science fiction film directed by Richard Oswald and written by Robert Liebmann and Richard Oswald was released in Germany today.

    1919: In a lengthy written memorandum, Adolph Hitler first expresses his hatred of the Jews describing them as a people that infect host nations with a kind of racial tuberculosis.  He called for measures that would eliminate them from all level of the nation’s cultural and economic life.

    1920: Furloughs that were granted to soldiers so they could observe the Jewish New Year came to an end today at noon.

    1920: F.K. Hirsch of Sumter, South Carolina, wrote today that “a reading of “ The American Hebrew“would prove of great benefit to Jews and non-Jews alike, and is by far the best answer to the Dearborn Independent that has yet appeared.” (Editor’s note: The Dearborn Independent was the anti-Semitic paper published by Henry Ford.)

    1920: The funeral for Colonel Harry Cutler, the chairman of the Jewish Welfare Board who passed away in London in August, is scheduled to take place this afternoon at Temple Bethel on Broad Street in Providence, Rhode Island.

    1920: The first round of the Fall Entrance Examinations for admission into the Jewish Theological Seminary are scheduled to take place” today “in the Seminary Building.”

    1922: The League Nations recognized the Jewish Agency as the organization authorized to act in concert with the British Mandate authorities with a view to “facilitating the Jewish immigration and fostering intensive settlement of Israelites on the soil of the country.”

    1923: Birthdate of Judith Deena Hochberg, the Brooklyn born daughter of immigrants from Eastern Europe who gained fame as architect Judith Edelman.

    1924: In the Bronx, Natalie (née Weinstein-Bacal), a secretary who later legally changed her surname to Bacall, and William Perske,” gave birth to Betty Joan Perske, who gained fame as actress Lauren Bacall  a relative of Shimon Peres who was married to Humphrey Bogart in 1945; a marriage that lasted until his death in 1957.  They co-starred in three film-noires of the 1940's - The Big Sleep, Dark Passage and Key Largo.

    1924: Birthdate of Bess Myerson.  Bess Myerson was crowned Miss American in 1945.  She was the first (and only Jew) to win the honor.  It is strange that the first Jew to be named America’s national beauty queen came as Americans were basking in the victory over Nazi Germany and were learning of the horrors of the death camps.For many American Jews, her victory was a sign of the acceptance of Jews by the general population.

    1925: Birthdate of Samuel Menashe Weisberg, who as Samuel Menashe, became “a Greenwich Village poet whose jewel-like, gnomic short verse won him an ardent following in Britain and belated recognition in the United States when the Poetry Foundation gave him its first Neglected Masters Award in 2004.”

    1925(27th of Elul, 5685): Fifty-two year old Austrian composer Leo Fall who had followed in the musical footsteps of his father, composer Moritz Fall passed away today.

    1925(27th of Elul, 5685): Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist who discovered the expanding-universe solution to the general relativity field equations in 1922, passed away.

    1926: Dr. Isaac Landman, editor of The Ameircan Hebrew, presided over a memorial program dedicated to the lateIsrael Zangwill which was broadcast in New York and New England through the efforts of Stations WRNY, New York, and WMAF, South Dartmouth, Mass.

    1927: Joseph Shilkret’s “The Lonesome Road” was recorded today for the first time with “Shilkret directing the Victor Orchestra.”

    1927: Birthdate Peter Falk, “who marshaled tics, prop room appurtenances and his own physical idiosyncrasies to personify Columbo, one of the most famous and beloved fictional detectives in television history.” Falk’s paternal ancestry was Jewish. He passed away in June of 2011.

    1928(2ndof Tishrei, 5689): Second day of Rosh Hashanah

    1928: “The Docks of New York” directed by Josef von Sternberg was released today In the United States by Paramount Pictures.


    1929: In Manhattan, Louis and Sarah Goldman gave birth to Miriam Goldman the graduate of Barnard and Columbia Law School who gained fame as Judge Miriam Cedarbaum. (As reported by Joseph P. Fried)



    1930: In Paris, marriage of Robert Calmann-Levy and Jacqueline Piatigorsky


    1930: “Bernice and Phyllis Zitenfeld, twins, said they were “through with the

    English channel” today. They expect to return to their homes in the United States soon. Extremely rough water and I rough seas forced the girls to I abandon their attempt to swim from England to France when they were four and a half miles from their goal.


    1932: “The Western Code” co-starring Mischa Auer was released in the United States today.


    1932: “Thirteen Women,” “a psychological thriller produced by David O. Selznick with music by Max Steiner and screenplay by Samuel Ornitz premiered today at the Roxy Theatre in New York.


    1933: Birthdate of Vera Buchtal, the native of Dortmund, Germany who gained fame as British technology pioneer Dame Stephanie “Steve” Shirley.



    1935: Rabbi Chaim Hirschensohn the Zionist leader whoworked to revive spoken Hebrew and helped found the Safah Berurah ("Plain Language") society in Jerusalem passed away.


    1935(18th of Elul, 5695): Isaac Loeb Goldberg, “one of the world’s foremost Jewish philanthropists and a founder of the modern Zionist movement passed away today at the age of 75.  A longtime resident of Tel Aviv, he was in Zurich at the time of his death seeking medical treatment.  A native of Szaki, Lithuania (which was part of the Russian Empire), this son of poor merchants received “the usual Jewish educational training” before becoming the representative of a pharmaceutical company and finally a “contractor of medical goods for the Russian Army.”    In 1861, Goldberg was a founder of Chovevie Zion (Lovers of Zion), one of the forerunners of the modern Zionist movement.  In 1897 he was a delegate to the First Zionist Congress.  He was a founder of the Jewish Colonial Trust and editor of Haolom, “the official organ of Russian Zionism” which was published in Vilna, Lithuania. Following the failed Revolution of 1905, Goldberg was imprisoned for remarks in the paper that were critical of the government.  After being released, he served as President of the Russian Zionist organization from 1912 until 1914.  Throughout this period and during the World War, Goldberg was a generous, though often anonymous, benefactor to the Zionist cause.  In 1902, Goldberg donated “a large area of land on Mt. Scopus” to the Jewish National Fund which was that agency’s first acquisitions of territory in Eretz Israel. From 1903 until 1915, Goldberg served on the General Council of the World Zionist Organization during which time he founded Achiasaf, one of the great Jewish publishing houses.  Goldberg’s commitment to Hebrew language and culture was further exemplified by his founding of Haaretz and generous contributions to the Hebrew Institute for Culture and Language.  Goldberg made Aliyah in 1919.  As a resident of Tel Aviv he continued to serve as a director of the Jewish Colonial Trust, the Anglo-Palestine Bank and the Palestine Land Development Company.  Tragedy struck in 1929 when Mr. Goldberg’s son, Benjamin was killed during the Arab riots.  In April of 1935, the grieving father donated “28 dunams of thickly wooded land for a city park” to be built in Tel Aviv and to be named in his son’s memory.


    1935: The Seventh Nazi Party Rally came to an end at Nuremberg.

    1935: Birthdate of Brooklyn native Joseph Chaikin, the Des Moines, Iowa, raised Drake University drop-out who went on to career in acting and directing “experimental theatre.” (As reported by Ralph Blumenthal.


    1936(29th of Elul, 5696): Erev Rosh Hashanah


    1936: Tonight, at the Brooklyn Hebrew Home for the Aged at Howard and Durmont, 108 year old “‘Grandpa’ Abraham Ginsburg will make his customary round to utter the New Year greeting – ‘Mayest thou be inscribed in Happiness for the New Year’ – to the other 262 residence” with the only difference being that this year he will be wheeled around in invalid’s chair” instead of walking around.


    1936: “At Temple Emanu-El, Dr. Samuel H. Goldenson delivered a sermon on ‘When Is Worship Spiritual?’”


    1936: At the Institutional Synagogue Annex on Broadway Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein spoke on “The New Year and Peace” emphasizing “the need for a plebiscite before war is declared.”: 


    1936: At Central Synagogue in Manhattan, Rabbi Jonah B. Wise “stressed in his sermon Israel’s loyalty to America” saying “Loyalty to Judaism is loyalty to American ideals” and that “no happier union of loyalties could be desired…”


    1936: At the Free Synagogue at Carnegie Hall, “Dr. Stephen S. Wise spoke on ‘As a Watch in the Night’” saying “In Nazi German the world had beheld in these days at Nuremberg a veritable orgy of primitive and bestial hatred the aim of which was to confound the Jews of the world with and to make them seem responsible for communism.”


    1936: At the Mount Neboh Temple, Rabbi A. L. Feinberg delivered a sermon on “Fear – America’s Enemy.”


    1936: “Rabbi Wendell A. Phillips conducted special services at Rodeph Sholom.


    1936: At the HIAS building, the home of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America, services were held for unemployed and homeless” Jews.


    1936: “The Jewish Theological Seminary of America issued a message from its president, Dr. Cyrus Adler in which he stated that ‘the intensive pursuit of purely scientific knowledge by universities and individual scholars is not making for eventual breakdown of all religious conviction, but is steadily leading toward wider acceptance of a belief in God and the truths of religion.’”


    1936: “The Struemer, Julius Streicher’s anti-Semitic weekly announced that the Reich Justice Minstry has instructed public prosecutors to demand more severe punishment for Jewish ‘race defilers’ – Jews convicted of having had relations with ‘German women.’”


    1936: “The Committee for Special Jewish Interests with headquarter” in Amsterdam “issued a protest signed by prominent Netherland Jews against the speeches of German Ministers at the Nuremberg Nazi congress.”


    1936: “Several organizations made public a message addressed to the Jews of New York by Fiorello La Guardia in which he said: ‘As Mayor of the City New York, and personally, it gives me pleasure to extend to the citizens of the Jewish faith my sincerest greetings on the eve of the observance of the coming holy days.  It is my fervent hope that the year 6579 of the Jewish calendar will bring with it progress toward the rapid dissipation of existent prejudice and discrimination of the world.  The Jews of the world have contributed more than their share to the civilization.  Civilization will thwart the efforts of any tyrant determined to destroy this great people.”

    1936: In Kaunas, Lithuania, attorney Zvi Brick and his wife Leah who was a teacher gave birth to Aharon Brick, the survivor of the Kovno Ghetto who as Aharon Barack became President of the Supreme Court of Israel in 1995.



    1936: In “Jews Protest Nazi Talks” published today the World Jewish Congress took issue with Hitler’s propaganda machine by asserting that “it was not world Jewry but ‘German militarism which during the World War facilitated the rise of Bolshevism to power.’”


    1936: A public funeral will be held today in Detroit for Ossip Gabrilowitsch at Orchestra Hall following which his body “will be sent to Elmira, NY, to be buried in the Clemens family plot” near the body of his father-in-law, Mark Twain.


    1938: During the ongoing outbreak of Arab terror and violence the Rabbinate in Palestine “proclaimed today as a day of fasting for throughout the world because of the situation in” Eretz Israel.


    1939: Salomon Gluck, a French doctor and future leader in the Resistance, returned from London and enlisted in the French Army today.


    1939: U.S premiere of “Dust Be My Destiny” produced by Hal Wallis, starring John Garfield with a script by Robert Rossen.


    1940: Sam Rayburn becomes Speaker of the House of Representative.  A Democrat from rural Texas, Rayburn defied convenient stereotyping.  Rayburn was an internationalist and a supporter of the New Deal.  In 1941, isolationist forces attempted to end the newly enacted peacetime draft that was enabling the U.S. military to build its forces prior to Pearl Harbor.  Rayburn turned back the attempt.  If he had failed the Army would have been reduced to a comparative handful of soldiers at the time of the Japanese attack and leaving American truly vulnerable to defeat at the hands of the Axis.  The consequences for Jews would have been disastrous.  In 1943, when a group of Four Hundred Rabbis marched on Washington to demand American action to help the Jews of Europe, Rayburn was one of the national leaders who publicly greeted them.  In 1948, unlike many Southerners, Rayburn supported Israel’s friend, Harry Truman, in his bid for re-election. 


    1940: Slovakia enacted laws establishing authority for the Aryanization of the country.


    1941: The 45th Infantry Division in which Raul Hilberg would serve with during WW II was shifted from state control as it became part of the regular U.S. Army.


    1941(24th of Elul, 5701): Jews from the town of Uman were brought to ditches at the airfield upon the excuse of taking a town census. SS officers systematically went down the line with pistols and shot each of the Jews - men, woman and children alike. The death toll was an estimated 22,000.


    1941: Those in camps in Bessarabia. Including 118, 847 Jews from Bessarabia, Bukovina and the Dorohoi district began to be deported to the region between the Dniester and the Bug rivers called Transnistria, from which the Germans had withdrawn, handing control over to the Romanians under the Tighina agreement.” (Jewish Virtual Library)


    1942: Paramount Pictures released “The Major and the Minor” the first American movie directed by Billy Wilder.


    1942(5th of Tishrei, 5703): Six thousand Jews from Jedrzejów, Poland, are murdered at the Treblinka death camp.

    1942(5thof Tishrei, 5703): Forty-nine year old Mendel Dyner, a former resident of Prague, was murdered today at Majdeanek.


    1943:  More than 37,000 Italian Jews come under German rule.


    1943: "The first consignment of two dozen Jews was shipped from a town in northern Italy to Auschwitz.  Among them was a six year old child who was gassed upon arrival."


    1943: The Nazis deported the first Italian Jews from the town of Merano With Mussolini no longer running the Italian government; Germany had taken control of 95% of Italy. With the Nazis in direct control of Italy, conditions worsened for the Jews as can be seen from what would be the first of many deportations to the death camps of Eastern Europe.


    1944: The Brazilian Expeditionary Force (BEF) were among the Allied Forces that took Massaora, Italy.  Among those serving with the BEF was Lt. Col Waldemar Levy Cardoso who served as the commander of an artillery battalion.


    1945(9th of Tishrei, 5706): Erev Yom Kippur


    1945: At the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise preached a sermon “Banished from the Brotherhood of Man.


    1945: At Congregation Rodeph Sholom, Rabbi Louis I. Newman preached a sermon on “Repentance, Prayer and Charity.


    1945:”Rabbi Henry Raphael Gold, a physician who is a member of the staff of Bellevue Hospita” delivered the sermon at Yeshiva College on Amsterdam Avenue.


    1945: At Temple B’nai Jeshurun, Rabbi Israel Goldstein preached a sermon “Spiritual Reparation.”


    1945: At Temple Israel on West 91st Street, Rabbi William F. Rosenblum preached a sermon on “The Majesty of Humility.”


    1945: At the West End Synagogue, Rabbi Bernard J. Bamberger preached a sermon on “What It Means to be Religious.”


    1945: British Prime Minister Clement Attlee harshly rejected President Truman’s plea that 100,000 Jewish displaced persons be admitted into Palestine immediately.


    1948: George Hawkins and Frederick Sylvester, two British officials of the Jerusalem Electric Corporation went on trial for second time. They were charged with acts of espionage, including passing information to the Arabs


    1948: Count Folke Bernadotte the "U.N. mediator on Palestine" recommended that the Israel Negev "should be defined as Arab territory" and made part of Transjordan.  He also supported the unconditional or Arab refugees to the state of Israel.  He had previously recommended that the port of Haifa should be placed under international control and turning control over Jewish immigration to the United Nations.   The following day Bernadotte was assassinated by members of a group founded by Lehi also known as the Stern Gang.  Following the shooting, the government ordered the disbanding of the Irgun and arrested 200 members of Lehi. This was not the first assassination by members of Lehi.  As can be seen by the arrests, the tactics of the Stern Gang were rejected by the Yishuv (the Jewish community).


    1948: In Paris, Île-de-France, France Donald Bloomingdale married Bethsabee de Rothschild


    1949: “"I Can Dream, Can't I?",  “a popular song written by Sammy Fain with lyrics by Irving Kahal” “first reached the Billboard charts’ today.


    1949: Birthdate of Motti Lerner, the native Zihron Ya’akov who gained fame as a “playwright and screenwriter.”

    1951: The Greater New York Committee for the Israel Bond Issue kicks off its fall campaign at Straus Square on the Lower East Side.  David Horowitz, director General of Finance of the Israeli government is a featured speaker.

    1951: The 37th annual convention of Hadassah opens with 3,500 delegates in attendance.  Opening day speakers include Senator Hubert Humphrey and Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett.

    1951: Despite the on-going food shortages, Israel’s economy showed growth and vitality today “when Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion formally opened the new plant of the General Tire and Rubber Company” located near Petah Tkiva.  By the end of 1952 the plant is expected to producing 2,500 tons of tires annually which will be sufficient to meet local needs and leave extra product for export.  Ben-Gurion called on Israeli’s to show the same spirit in the developing the Jewish state as had been demonstrated by the American pioneers. Ben Gurion reiterated his dream of Israel becoming an industrial center capable of meeting the needs of nations in the near, middle and Far East.

    1953: “The Robe” a “biblical blockbuster” directed by Henry Koster, with a screenplay co-authored by Albert Maltz and Gina Kaus with music by Alfred Newman was released today in the United States by 20th Century Fox.

    1953: “Madame De” a film version of the film directed by Max Ophuls who co-wrote the script  and music by Oscar Straus was released in France and Italy today.

    1956: In Paris, Romanian-Jewish social psychologist Serge Moscovici and of the Polish-Jewish psychoanalyst Marie Bromberg-Moscovici gave birth to French political leader Pierre Moscovici.

    1956:  Birthdate of magician David Copperfield.

    1959(13th of Elul, 5719): Harpsichordist and composer Wanda Landowska, who was credited with the 20th-century revival of harpsichord music, passed away.

    1959: Two days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled this afternoon at Temple Emeth in Teaneck, NJ, for Rabbi Joshua Trachtenberg.

    1960:  Pitching in relief of starter Don Drysdale, Larry Sherry gains his 14th victory (Sherry was Jewish; Drysdale was not.  According to an oft repeated baseball tale, Drysdale, years later pitched in place of Sandy Koufax who had taken off for Yom Kippur.  Drysdale did not have a good night and as he came off of the mound after an unsuccessful inning he turned to manager Walt Alston and supposedly said, “I bet that tonight you wish I was Jewish.”

    1961(6thof Tishrei, 5722): Shabbat Shuva observed for the first time during the Presidency of JFK.

    1963(27thof Elul, 5723): Fifty-six year old Polish native and University of Michigan graduate who served as director of the Federal Relief Administration in Kentucky before become exuctive director of the Jewish Community Council of Essex Country, NJ passed away today.

    1964(10thof Tishrei, 5725): Yom Kippur observed for the first time during the Presidency of LBJ.

    1965(19thof Elul, 5725): Seventy-three year old Casper Platt, the Danville, Illinois, native and WW I veteran who became a United States federal judge passed away today.

    1965: NBC broadcast the first episode of “The Dean Martin Show” written by Canadian-Jewish writer Stan Daniels.

    1966: First baseman Mike Epstein made his major league with the Baltimore Orioles.

    1968(23rdof Elul, 5728): Seventy-three year old Henry Landers Bostick “(born Henry Lipschitz)” who played one season for the Philadelphia Athletics of the American League passed away today in Denver where he had gone to college at the University of Denver.

    1969: Birthdate of Justine Frischmann, guitarist and daughter of a Holocaust survivor.

    1972(8thof Tishrei, 5733): Shabbat Shuva

    1972: Following the Munich Massacre, Israel launched Operation Extended Turmoil 4 against bases in southern Lebanon, containing an estimated 600 guerrillas. “Golani forces reached the Litani River in the east, while Paratroopers reached Juwaya just south of the river. Most of the guerrilla forces did not engage the Israelis and chose to retreat, although over 40 of them were killed.”

    1973(19thof Elul, 5733): Seventy-six year old Kiev native Albert “Al” Sherman, the songwriter whose hits ironically included a song praising Charles Lindbergh and who was the father songwriters Robert and Richard Sherman passed away today in Los Angeles.

    1973: “A memorial service for Dr. Ernst Papenk…a professor of education psychology at Queens College” is scheduled “to be held this afternoon.”

    1977(4thof Tishrei, 5738): Seventy-six year old General Frank L. Lazarus, the West Point graduate and WW II veteran turned New York realtor and politician passed away today.

    1977:  Moshe Dayan returned to Morocco where he met with the Egyptian Deputy Prime Minister, Hassan Tuhami.  Tuhami made it clear that Sadat was prepared to negotiate directly with Israel, that he did not insist on a conference with other Arab States and that he would accept an Israeli withdrawal from Sinai in return for a peace treaty.  Sadat would not require settlement of any other issues as condition to signing the peace treaty.  This meeting set the stage for the Camp David negotiations that would take place in the following year.

    1980: In Baltimore, MD, “Rodger Kamenetz, author of The Jew in the Lotus and other books on spirituality, and Moira Crone, fiction writer and author of Dream State and A Period of Confinement” gave birth to birth to columnist Anya Kamenetz author of The Test: Why Our Schools are Obsessed with Standardized Testing–But You Don’t Have to Be

    1982: A meeting between U.S. diplomats and Israeli officials was held at the Ministry of Defense concerning the entry of Phalangists into the Shatila Refugee camp.

    1983(9thof Tishrei, 5744): Erev Yom Kippur and Erev Shabbat

    1984: U.S. Premiere of “Amadeus” the screen adaptation of Peter Shaffer’s play produced by Saul Zaentz.

    1985(1st of Tishrei, 5746): Rosh Hashanah

    1988: Joan Micklin Silver's "Crossing Delancey," the story of love between a professional Upper East Side woman and a pickle seller from the Lower East Side, was released in theaters.

    1990: The New York Timesreported that Brandeis University, which has a large Jewish enrollment, and the College of the Holy Cross, a Roman Catholic institution in Worcester, are teaming up in a comparative-religion study program that officials hope will promote understanding between students of the two faiths.

    1991(8thof Tishrei, 5752): Eighty-year old Viennese born America pianist Robert Goldsand pass away today.

    1991: A memorandum of this date provides proof that the “KGB intervened… to stop an investigation into” the fate of Raoul Wallenberg. “The memorandum from the Swedish Embassy in Moscow cites the former head of the Soviet "Special Archive," Anatoly Prokopenko, as telling Swedish diplomats that the KGB instructed him to stop a search for documents by researchers working for the first International Wallenberg Commission.”

    1992: On Black Wednesday George Soros became immediately famous when he sold short more than $10 billion worth of pounds, profiting from the Bank of England’s reluctance to either raise its interest rates to levels comparable to those of other European Exchanges.

    1992: “The Frontier” a Chilean film with a script by Jorge Goldenberg was released today in Canada.

    1993(1st of Tishrei, 5754): The first observance of Rosh Hashanah after the signing of the Oslo Accords on September 13; an event that has cause many rabbis to change their high holiday sermons.

    1993: As a result the signing of the Oslo Accords on September 13 Rabbi Shelton Donnell of Temple Beth Sholom in Santa Ana, was scheduled to switch his Rosh Hashanah sermon from one discussing the use of time to a talk on the new prospects for peace.

    1993: At the Conservative Congregation Eilat in Mission Viejo, Rabbi Bradley Shavit Artson is scheduled tell prayer-goers that if the Israelis and Palestinians can make peace, Americans can also overcome seemingly insurmountable problems of racism, homophobia and poverty.

    1993: At Irvine's Orthodox synagogue, Beth Jacob, Rabbi Joel Landau is scheduled to speak about sacrifice, offering the peace accord as an example of "people sometimes making tough decisions in order to do what's right."

    1993: NBC broadcast the first episode of season five of “Seinfeld.” 

    1996(3rdof Tishrei, 5757): Tzom Gedaliah

    1996: Judith “Sheindlin’s ongoing syndicated court show, ‘Judge Judy,’ debuted” today.

    1997: Samuel “Sheinbein and Aaron Benjamin Needle, a former classmate at the Charles E. Smith Jewish Day School in Aspen Hill, Maryland, killed Alfredo Enrique Tello, Jr. after which they dismembered and burned his body.

    1998: “Permanent Midnight” the film version of Jerry Stahl’s autobiographical novel in which the author makes a cameo appearance was released in the United States today.

    2000(16thof Elul, 5760): Parashat Ki Tavo

    2000(16thof Elul, 5760): Fifty-three year old Manhattan born actress Dori Brenner and sister of author Ellen Levine passed away today.

     2001 (28th of Elul, 5761): Eighty three year old Samuel Z. Arkoff, a native of Fort Dodge, Iowa and an American lawyer turned  film producer, passed away.

    2002(10thof Tishrei, 5763): Jews observe Yom Kippur for the first time in the Post 9/11 era

    2002: Premiere of “Obsessed” co-starring Lisa Edelstein.

    2003: “The Boys from Oz” an Australian musical that Martin Sherman Americanized began its pre-Broadway run at the Imperial Theatre.

    2004(1stof Tishrei, 5765): As John Kerry battles President Bush for the White House, Jews celebrate Rosh Hashanah

    2004: A self-appointed “ethics watchdog” “filed a complaint with the Nevada Commission on Ethics, this time asking the commission to clarify Las Vegas Mayor Oscar Goodman's affiliation with his son Ross's law firm.”

    2005(12thof Elul, 5765): Eighty-five year old physicist Gordon Gould, the inventor of the laser passed away today.


    2005: The Jerusalem Post and Haaretz reported on the Ariel Sharon’s speech to the United Nations.  Sharon took the same take as two other soldiers turned Prime Minister, in proclaiming himself as a champion of peace in the Middle Easter, recognizing the right of the Palestinians to a state of their own.

    2006: In the evening, Selichot Services, as Jews prepare for the High Holidays.

    2006 (23rd of Elul, 5766): Helen Deschmaps Adams, member of the French Resistance during World War II passed away at the age of 85 at her home in Manhattan.  As Helen Deschmaps (Adams was the name of her American husband) “she saved American parachutists from capture…and helped Jewish families escape to Spain…She…posed as a secretary at the headquarters of the Milice…the force known as the French Gestapo. She stole the records of people marked for execution including Jews and resistance fighters…"  In one of her memoirs entitled Spyglass, this righteous person asks the question “If you had to renounce family, friends, and any kind of normal lifestyle to fight a fierce enemy, would you?”

    2006: Jack Kirby was among the artists honored in the exhibition "Masters of American Comics" at the Jewish Museum in New York City. The Jack Kirby Awards and Jack Kirby Hall of Fame were named in his honor.

    2006: In article entitled Faith changes in Banglatown, but our social enrichment stays the same” published today Rabbi Jonathan Sacks traces the recent history of the Jews of London.

    2007((4 Tishrei, 5768): Fast of Gedaliah observed. Normally the Fast of Gedaliah is observed on the third of Tishrei

    2007: The Sunday Washington Post book section featured reviews of The Transformation of Business, Democracy, and Everyday Life by Robert B. Reich, the Jewish economist who served as Clinton’s Secretary of Labor and The Zookeeper’s Wife, a story about saving Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto from the Final Solution, by Diane Ackerman. 


    2007: The Sunday New York Times book section featured reviews of The Indian Clerk by David Leavitt and James L. Kugel’s How To Read The Bible:  A Guide to Scripture, Then and Now which the author says “is intended as a guide to, and a tour through, the Hebrew Bible. In it, he has tried to write down most of what he knows about the Bible, its past as well as its present. That makes it a little different from other books on the subject.”


    2007: “Camille Pissarro: Impressions of City and Country” opens at the Jewish Museum of New York.

    2007: At the Jewish Museum in New York an exhibition entitled,“The Sculpture of Louise Nevelson: Constructing a Legend” comes to a close.

    2008: Release of Indignation, Philip Roth's twenty-ninth book, a story of inexperience, foolishness, intellectual resistance, sexual discovery, courage, and error set in the early days of the Korea War.

    2008: In Washington, D.C.,Richard Michelson discusses his latest work, A Is for Abraham: A Jewish Family Alphabet (encompassing a history of Jewish customs).

    2008:The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research presents a lecture by Joshua Rubenstein is the Northeast Regional Director of Amnesty International USA and an Associate of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University entitled “The Neglected Massacres: The Holocaust in the German-Occupied Soviet Territories. Rubenstein will speak about his newest book, The Unknown Black Book, which recounts the testimonies by survivors of the German massacres that took place in Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and the Baltic Region.

    2008(16th of Elul, 5768): Ninety-eight year old Avraham Biran, an archaeologist of biblical sites who excavated Tel Dan, an ancient city along Israel’s northern border, and uncovered an unexpected stone fragment bearing what might be the earliest reference to the House of David, died today  in Jerusalem.(As reported by Jeremy Pearce)

    2009:Bagels & Barbeque: The Jewish Experience in Tennessee a joint project of the Tennessee State Museum in collaboration with the Jewish Federation of Nashville and Middle Tennessee, Jewish Community Federation of Greater Chattanooga, Knoxville Jewish Alliance, and Memphis Jewish Federation, with the participation of other Jewish communities around the state is scheduled to come to an end today. As can be seen from the following description, the exhibit provides living proof of the vitality of the Jewish community outside of the major urban areas of the United States.

    2009:There are now 7,465,000 people living in Israel, the central bureau of statistics reported today.  The figure represents a rise of 1.8 percent over last year.  The study, released ahead of the Jewish holiday of Rosh Hashanah, find that 75.4 percent of the population is Jewish, 20.6 percent are Arab, and the rest are identified as others. The study also found that thousands of people left Tel Aviv and Jerusalem over the last year, in order to seek cheaper housing outside of Israel's two largest cities. According to the study, the Israeli populace is relatively young compared to that of other countries, with 28.4 percent of the population under the age of 14, in contrast to the average of 17 percent among Western countries. The percentage of Israelis over the age of 65 stands at 9.7%, as opposed to the average in the Western world, which stands at 15%.

    2009: “The Other Woman,” a film version Love and Other Impossible Pursuits by Ayelete Waldman, co-staring Natalie Portman, Lisa Kudrow and Scott Cohen premiered at the Toronto Film Festival today.

    2009: The 92ndSt Y presents “This American Life: Behind the Scenes with Ira Glass and Others.” 

    2009:At Jerusalem’s Khan Theater the second and final performance of "La grande magica" (Grand Magic) a play written by de Fillippo in 1949 which is enjoying its first Israeli staging.

    2009: The Jewish Studies Program at Tulane University, under the direction of Brian Horowitz, presents a screening of “Waltz With Bashir” as part of the Colloquium and Film Series that is devoted to the subject of “Cultural Judaism” Experience, Concepts and Rival Perspectives.”

    2009(27th of Elul 5769): Eighty-two year old shopping mall mogul and professional basketball aficionado Melvin Simon, passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

     2010: A screening of “Anita” is scheduled to take place at the 14th Annual Jewish Film Festival of Dallas. The film tells the story of Anita Feldman, a young woman with Down
    syndrome living in Buenos Aires, working in shop, whose live is torn apart by the terrorist bombing of the nearby Argentine Israelite Mutual Association.

    2010: "Black Tide,” Dana Melamed's 3rd solo show at Priska Juschka Fine Art is scheduled to open in Chelsea, NYC.

    2010:Wall painting of Tyche, Greek goddess of fortune, was exposed during 11th season of excavation carried out by University of Haifa.  A wall painting (fresco) of Tyche, the Greek goddess of fortune, was exposed during the 11th season of excavation at the Sussita site, on the east shore of the Sea of Galilee, according to a University of Haifa statement released today.

    2010:US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said today she is convinced that Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas are trying to seek common ground in peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians.

    2010: The upright piano used by Irving Berlin when he composed such hits as “I Love a Piano” in 1915 was removed from the Ascap’s headquarters today.  It had resided there for 15 years on loan from Berlin’s family.  The piano is being moved to the National Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia where it will be part of an exhibition called “Only in America.” (As reported by James Barron)

    2011: The 14th Jerusalem International Chamber Music Festival is scheduled to come to a close.

    2011: Following a traditional Friday night services at the 6th& I Historic Synagogue, Mort Fertal is scheduled to deliver an after-dinner lecture entitled “Dating Smart” followed by questions from the audience.

    2011: Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said today that the Palestinians plan to approach the United Nations Security Council for full recognition, clarifying that they are seeking to delegitimize the occupation, not Israel, by taking the UN route for Palestinian statehood.

    2011: - New Zealand Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully announced today that New Zealand will boycott the Durban III conference on September 22 because the anti-racism event is plagued by anti-Semitism.

    2012: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform at the Collington Retirement Community in Mitchellville, Maryland.

    2012: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Vagina: A New Biography by Naomi Wolf, The End of Men: And the Rise of Women by Hanna Rosin and The Fish That Ate the Whale, Rich Cohen’s biography of Samuel Zemurray

    2012: In the evening, Erev of Rosh Hashanah, 5773

    2012: Ryan Braun hit his 200th career home run today followed by another homer which was his 40th of the year.  (At the time, nobody knew that he was doing this with the assistance of banned substances)

    2012: Showtime broadcast the final episode of “Weeds” a “dark comedy drama created by Jenji Kohan” co-starring Alexander Gould.

    2012: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu warned today that Iran was just six to seven months away from being able to build a nuclear bomb

    2013: The Lawrence Family Jewish Community Center is scheduled to co-sponsor “Introduction to Jewish Texts: A Melton Sampler.”

    2013: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to sponsor a lecture entitled “Making History: The Proliferation and Impact of Modern Jewish Archives.”

    2013(12thof Tishrei, 5774): Eighty-six year old Rabbi Philip Berg, the head of Kabbalah Center International, passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    2013: “The Croatian version, of Israeli drama “BeTipul” titled Na terapiji, premiered today Croatian Radiotelevision

    2013: “The growth rate of the settler population in 2012 was five percent, which means that the number of Israelis in the West Bank increased at a pace almost three times as fast the nation’s 1.9% growth rate last year, according to numbers released today by the Central Bureau of Statistics” (As reported by Tovah Lazaroff)

    2013: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told US Secretary of State John Kerry last week that he should try to reach a deal with Russia to confiscate Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal as an alternative to a threatened US strike on the Assad regime, the Wall Street Journal reported today.”

    2014: “Inside the Mind of a Nazi Perpetrator: The Search for the Rosenberg Diary” is scheduled to open in Philadelphia, PA this evening.

    2014: TCM is scheduled to present the third in the series – The Jewish Experience on Film – featuring “Hill 24 Doesn’t Answer,” “Sallah,” “A Sword in the Desert” and “Exodus”

    2014: The Skirball Center is scheduled to host a discussion with Rabbi David Wolpe the author of David: The Man Behind the Myth

    2014: Fearing disapproval by the Russians “a Foreign MInstry special panel” vetoed “a defense Minstry-approved deal to sell drones to the Ukraine.(Times of Israel)

    2014: The IDF confirmed that a mortar shell was fired from the Gaza strip this evening, “the first since a ceasefire agreement between Israel and Hamas went into effect” in August. (As reported by Stuart Winer)

    2014: A fire that broke out today on de la Clinque Street in Anderlecht near Brussels was caused by arson.

    2014: The Julliard School in New York “disclosed” the death of American actor Darrell Zwerling who had died in April at the age of 85.

    2014: All UN peacekeepers withdrew from their posts on the Syrain side of the Golan Heights and moved into Israel because the Syrian fighers were seen as “a direct threat to their safety and security.” (As reported by Adiv Sterman)

    2015(3rdof Tishrei, 5776): Fast of Gedaliah

    2015: Behind-the-scenes tensions at Carnegie Hall erupted into public view today after Ronald O. Perelman, the billionaire businessman who became chairman of the Carnegie board this year, sent an email to his fellow trustees accusing the organization’s executive and artistic director of a “troubling lack of transparency” and criticizing the board for failing to provide “appropriate oversight.” (As reported by Michael Cooper)

    2015: Jewish Museum London’s third crowd-sourced exhibition which will explore the theme of Sacrifice through personal mementoes, historic artefacts and fine art is scheduled to open today.

    2015: The rains that brought an end to “the dark and yellowish week that shrouded Israel” is forecasted to continue into this evening.

    2016: “A small city in northeast Portugal,” Covilha “unveiled for the first time” today “a 400-year-old Torah scroll that a local contractor had found 10 years ago at a demolition site and kept wrapped up in linen.”

    2016: Today, “the State Department branded” Fathi Hammad, “the senior Hamas leader a specially designated global terrorist.”

    2016: Columbia Law School, the Center for Israeli Legal Studies and Zvi Meitar Institute for Legal Implications of Emerging Technologies at IDC Herzilya are scheduled to host a daylong conference “Innovations in Fintech” Considerations for Emerging Israeli and American Fintech.”

    2016: “US filmmaker and actor Rob Reiner” said today “those who support Donald Trump for president are aiding and abetting racism.”

    2016: Shai Secunda, the Jacob Neusner Professor in the History and Theology of Judaism at Barb College is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “You May Not Communicate Oral Matters in Writing” Writing and its Absence in the Transmission of Rabbinic and Zoroastrian Texts” at the University of Iowa Main Library.

    2016: A Democratic Party campaign ad featuring Joel Sollender, a WW II POW who was offended by President Trump saying that John McCain was not a war hero because he had been a POW, aired today on National Prisoners of War Remembrance Day>

    2016: The Jewish National Fund Conference is scheduled to open with Friday Night Shabbat Dinner with Alan Dershowitz.

    2016: The New York Times announced today “that it was reviving the title of managing editor and naming” 52 year old Pulitzer prize winner Joseph Kahn, the son of Staples found Leo Kahn, to fill the position.

    2017: QB Josh Rosen is scheduled to lead undefeated UCLA against Memphis State University.

    2017: Tony Levine, the special team’s coordinator is scheduled to take the field as Purdue plays Missouri.

    2017:  “Legendary British singer Robbie Williams” is scheduled to perform tonight at Park Hayarkon in Tel Aviv.

    2017: “Oktoberfest”  which “was invented by Jews” began today in Germany.

    2017(25thof Elul, 5777): Nitavim and Vayelilech; in the evening Selichot;

    2017: In Memphis, Temple Israel is scheduled to host Havdalah followed by Selichot
    2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host “the Midwest Premiere of ‘Who Will Write Our History’,” Robert Gorssman’s documentary about the creation of Emanuel Ringelblum’s Oyneg Shabes Archive.

    2018: “Esther Crain, writer of the award-winning ‘Ephemeral New York’ blog and author of The Gilded Age in New York” is scheduled to lead ‘Exploring Ladies Mile,’ a walking tour presented by the Center for Jewish History, the American Jewish Historical Society and Leo Baeck Institute that provides ‘a look at the merchants who built New York’s grand emporiums and the fashionable women who shopped there.’”

    2018: In response to the devastation of Hurricane Florence, in Chapel Hill, NC, Kehillah Synagogue canceled today’s scheduled Talmud Class.

    2018: The Toronto Film Festival, which featured a screening of “Vox Lux” starring Natalie Portman is scheduled to come to close today.

    2018: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including How Fascism Works: The Politics of Us and Them by Jason Stanley who “was almost always the only Jewish person in” his “classes growing up” including his “highs schools in tenth and eleventh grade” where he “was the first Jewish person to attend.”


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    September 17

    1183: As Christians and Muslims jockey for control of what is really the homeland of the Jews, Saladin left Damascus with a large army today with the intention of driving the Crusaders out of Jerusalem.

    1375: In Pilsen it was recorded today that ‘Dominus Zyfridus habet potestatem eandem pecuniam inter Judeos sive Christianos con quirerere’. (‘The Lord Zyfridus - a Knight of the Cross from the German order of knights has the right to gather this money among Jews or Christians’) which is a variant on the more common statement that ‘inter Christianos vel judeos obligandi vel vendendi’ (‘of distraint or sale among Christians or Jews’).

    1394: The Jews were expelled from France by order of King Charles VI. He used the pretense that a Jewish convert in Paris, Denis Machuit, returned to Judaism, to once again expel the Jews. The order was signed on Yom Kippur and was used as excuse for plundering the Jewish.  It was actually enforced on November 3.  Jews continued to live in Lyons and papal possessions such as Pugnon.


    1394: Charles VI suddenly published an ordinance in which he declared, in substance, that for a long time he had been taking note of the many complaints provoked by the excesses and misdemeanors which the Jews committed against Christians; and that the prosecutors, having made several investigations, had discovered many violations by the Jews of the agreement they had made with him. Therefore he decreed as an irrevocable law and statute that thenceforth no Jew should dwell in his domains ("Ordonnances", vii. 675). According to the "Religieux de St. Denis", the king signed this decree at the instance of the queen ("Chron. de Charles VI." ii. 119). The decree was not immediately enforced, a respite being granted to the Jews in order that they might sell their property and pay their debts. Those indebted to them were enjoined to redeem their obligations within a set time; otherwise their pledges held in pawn were to be sold by the Jews. The provost was to escort the Jews to the frontier of the kingdom. Subsequently the king released the Christians from their debts.

    1480: Two Dominican friars, Miguel de Morillo, Master of Theology, and Juan de San Martin, Bachelor of Theology were commissioned to go to Seville and seek out heresy of the Jews.

    1482: William III of Luxembourg passed away.  During his reign, William, who ruled Thuringia and Luxemburg, minted a silver gorschen (coin) “known as the Judenkopf Groschen. Its obverse portrait shows a man with a pointed beard wearing a Jewish hat, which the populace took as depicting a typical Jew.”  [I cannot find a reason for him doing this.]

    1485: Pedro Arbues, the inquisitor for Aragon, was murdered in church by a group of Marranos in retaliation for his activities. The perpetrators were caught, had their hands cut off, and were then beheaded and quartered. Arbues was canonized.

    1553(9thof Tishrei): The chanting of Kol Nidre took on an even more solemn than usual since Jews were mourning the burning of copies of the Talmuda

    1609(18thof Elul, 5369): According to the Gregorian calendar Judah Loew ben Bezalel, the “MaHaRal” "Moreinu ha-Rav Loew," ("Our Teacher, Rabbi Loew") who according to legend created the Golem of Prague, passed away today.

    1630: Founding of Boston, Massachusetts.  The Puritan colony and its major city were effectively a theocracy.  As such, they were not hospitable to any religious group that deviated from their beliefs.  The Jewish community in Boston would not reach critical mass until the 19th century when the first synagogue was formed in 1842 and the second, Adath Israel was formed in 1853.  The atmosphere has obviously changed.  According to the Boston Globe, the Jewish community in metropolitan Boston has been growing to the point where that it numbers more than 200,000 and makes up over seven percent of the population. 

    1676(10th of Tishrei, 5437): Sabbatai Zevi, one of the most famous of the False Messiahs passed away. Born in 1626, his antics would develop a huge popular following. Their hopes would be dashed when he chose Islam over death at the hands of the Ottomans. For many, many decades accusing a Jew of being a Sabbatean was onerous as accusing an American of being a member of the Communist Party during the McCarthy Period.  There are those who saw the rise of the Chasidic movement with its message of joy and hope as the anti-dote to the disillusionment that had come with the failure of Sabbatai Zevi and the slaughter of the Jews during the Cossack uprising.

    1727(2nd of Tishrei, 5488): Glückel of Hameln passed away. Born in 1646, she was a Jewish mother, successful mother, German businesswoman and diarist.  It was in this latter category that she gained lasting fame.  Her writings provided an eyewitness account life in central Europe three and a half centuries ago.  In addition to providing a portrait of the daily life of our European forbearers, she also gave us a front seat view of the survivors of the Chmielnicki massacres and the followers of Sabbati Z’vi.  Her memories were passed down from generation to generation until they were first published in 1896.  Copies of The life of Gluckel of Hamelin Written by Herself and the Memoirs of Gluckel of Hamelin were published in English during the second half of the 20th century.

    1764: Birthdate of Berek Joselewicz Polish Jew who was a successful merchant and a colonel in the Polish Army during the Kosciuszko Uprising during which Poles tried to throw off the yoke of Russian occupation. Joselewicz commanded the first Jewish military formation in modern history

    1769: Birthdate of New Yorker Benjamin Gomez. The Gomez family was one of the most prominent families of all early Sephardim in America. Benjamin traced his family’s roots to Isaac Gomez who fled Spain in 1660. In New York the family members were wealthy ship owners and merchants, as well as leaders in the Jewish community. Benjamin was the first Jewish bookseller in America.

    1787: The Constitutional Convention meeting in Philadelphia, PA, adopted the United States Constitution.  It would not become the “law of the land” until it is ratified by the various states.  The organic document of American governance was a critical factor in the development of the Jewish community in the United States.  The Bill of Rights, which includes the guarantees the separation of church and state, was not part of the organic document.  But ratification of the Constitution was predicated on the promise that the document known as the Bill Rights would be added by the amending process as the first matter of business for the newly formed federal government.

    1788: In Portsmouth, Hamphsire, UK, Solomon Lyon, a native of Bohemia and Rachel Hart gave birth to Emma Lyon.

    1792(1stof Tishrei, 5553): Rosh Hashana

    1794: Polish General Thaddeus Koscuisco who was leading a revolt against the Russians granted Joseph Aronowicz and Berek Joselowicz permission to form a Jewish legion. Five hundred men volunteered in response to the call to arms that was issued in Yiddish.

    1800(27th of Elul, 5560): Fifty-eight year old German Kabbalist Nathan Adler and author of Mishnat Rabbi Nathan passed away.

    Born in 1741, he was a German kabbalist born in Frankfurt, December 16, 1741. As a precocious child he won the admiration of Chaim Joseph David Azulai (Chida), who, in 1752, came to Frankfurt to solicit contributions for the poor of Palestine. Adler attended the rabbinical school of Jacob Joshua, author of Pene Yehoshua, who was at that time rabbi at Frankfurt, but his principal teacher was David Tevele Schiff, afterward chief rabbi of the United Kingdom. In 1761 he established a yeshivah himself, in which several prominent rabbis received their early teachings, notable among whom were Abraham Auerbach, Abraham Bing, rabbi in Würzburg, and especially Moses Sofer (Schreiber), rabbi in Presburg. Nathan Adler was mystically inclined. He had devoted himself to the study of the Kabbala, and adopted the liturgical system of Isaac Luria, assembling about himself a select community of kabbalistic adepts. He was one of the first Ashkenazim to adopt the Sephardi pronunciation of Hebrew, and gave hospitality to a Sephardi scholar for several months to ensure that he learnt that pronunciation accurately. He prayed according to the Halebi ritual, pronounced the priestly blessing every day, and in other ways approached the school of the Hasidim, who had at that time provoked the strongest censures on the part of the Talmudists of the old school. His followers claimed that he had performed miracles (Moses Sofer, Chatam Sofer, Orah Chayyim, 197), and turned visionaries themselves, frightening many persons with predictions of misfortunes which would befall them. Finally, the rabbis and congregational leaders intervened in 1779 and prohibited, under penalty of excommunication, the assemblies in Nathan Adler's house.Rabbi Nathan, however, paid no attention to these orders, but continued in his ecstatic piety. He even excommunicated a man who had disregarded his orders, although this was contrary to the laws of the congregation. His doors remained open day and night, and he declared all his possessions to be common property, that thus he might prevent the punishment of those who might carry away by mistake anything with them. Moreover, he commanded Moses Sofer, who had quarreled with his father, never to speak to his parent again. When the same disciple reported to him that he had gone through the whole Talmud, he advised him to celebrate that event by a fast of three days. In spite of the continued conflict with the congregational authorities, the fame of Rabbi Nathan's piety and scholarship grew, and in 1782 he was elected rabbi of Boskowitz in Moravia. But his excessive and mystical piety having made enemies for him, he was forced to leave his congregation, and in 1785 returned to Frankfurt. As he still persisted in his former ways, the threat of excommunication was renewed in 1789, which act was not repealed until shortly before his death at Frankfurt.His wife, Rachel, daughter of Feist Cohen of Giessen, survived him. He left no children, though Nathan Marcus Adler, chief rabbi of London, was named after him. His mysticism seems to have been the cause of his repugnance to literary publications. The kabbalists claimed that real esoteric theology should never be published, but should only be orally transmitted to worthy disciples. In his copy of the Mishnah he wrote brief marginal notes, mostly cross-references. Some of them were collected and explained ingeniously by B. H. Auerbach under the title Mishnat Rabbi Natan. One responsum is found among those of Moses Sofer on Yoreh De'ah, 261

    1803(1stof Tishrei, 5564): Rosh Hashanah

    1805: In London Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid and Lady Goldsmid gave birth to Anna Maria Goldsmid who gained fame for her translation of the sermons of Dr. Gotthold Salomon and her role as a social worker.

    1812: Rothschild signed his revised will.

    1819: Birthdate of Jacob Lagowitz, the native of Frankfort-on-the-Oder who came to the United States in 1849 where he made his fortune in the manufacture of traveling trunks and bags before he passed away in 1889.

    1825(5thof Tishrei, 5568): Sabbath of Return

    1831(10thof Tishrei, 5592): Yom Kippur

    1835: Sixty-six year old Ernst Friedrich Karl Rosenmüller whose Scholia in Vetus Testamentum formed the basis of most of the exegetical work on the Old Testament in the nineteenth century and who published “a pocket edition of the Hebrew Bible in 1822” passed away today.

    1836(6thof Tishrei, 5597): Shabbat Shuva is observed for the last time during the Presidency of Andrew Jackson.

    1837: Alexander Jones married Sarah Moses at the New Synagogue.

    1839(9thof Tishrei, 5600): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Niddre

    1841(2ndof Tishrei, 5602): 2nd Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1849(1st of Tishrei, 5610): Rosh Hashanah is observed in San Francisco for the first time in a wood-framed tent.

    1849: In an unusual move, 33 year Simon Heymann who had passed away today was buried at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.

    1851: Birthdate of Rabbi Dávid Leimdörfer who served as “a military chaplain in the Austro-Hungarian Army from 1875 to 1883” when he became the rabbi at Hamburg Temple.

    1855: When Joseph Moses Levy “re-launched” the Daily Telegraph he sold it for one-penny as opposed to The Times which cost sevenpence giving rise to his slogan for the paper “the largest, best, and cheapest newspaper in the world".

    1856: A story published today entitled The Last Island Calamity reported that 33 bodies have been recovered following the storms that racked the Louisiana island last month of which 18 have been identified including that of a  German Jew named Gimble.

    1856: In Bucharest, “Chevailier Abraham Emanuel Gaster, the son of community leader Asriel Gaster and his Phina Judith Rubenstein, the daughter of Isaac Rubenstein gave birth to Moses Gaster, the Romanian born Anglo-Jewish scholar who served as the leader of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in London and was the brother of Ecaterina Gaster Revici the wife of Tulius Revici.

    1860(1stof Tishrei, 5621): As the United States teeters on the brink of Civil War, Jews observe Rosh Hashanah

    1861: Judah P. Benjamin completed his service as the Attorney General for the Confederacy.

    1861: Judah P. Benjamin began serving as the Secretary of War in the cabinet of Jefferson Davis, the President of the CSA.

    1862: Union and Rebel armies clash near Sharpsburg, Maryland in what history has come to call the Battle of Antietam. Up to that point, Antietam was the bloodiest day of the war with over 22,000 dead Union and Rebel troops.  Since Lee retreated back into Virginia after the battle, Lincoln saw it as a victory.  He had promised that he would issue the Emancipation Proclamation following the next Union victory.  Lincoln proved to be a man of his words.  In general Jews were pleased with the issuance of the proclamation since they were opposed to slavery.  One of the heroes of Antietam was General Leopold Blumenberg, of Baltimore. Blumberg was born in Prussia where he enlisted in the military.  After a rapid rise to the rank of lieutenant, Blumenberg saw his career stymied by anti-Semitism so he moved to the United States.  He joined the Union Army in 1861.   At the time of the battle he was a major of his regiment. He was severely wounded at the battle of Antietam and crippled for life and was subsequently brevetted for his meritorious services. His battlefield bravery earned him appointment as Provost Marshall in Washington.  He left the Army in 1865 and died as a result of his wounds in 1876.  He was buried at Baltimore’s Har Sinai Cemetery. Blumenberg is but one example of the many brave Jewish volunteers who fought for the Union.  For example over half of the soldiers in the famed 11th New York Regiment, known as "Ellsworth's Zouaves" in honor of the founder James Ellsworth, were Jewish.   The 59th Regiment which had been organized by Philip J. Joachimsen who served as a Lt. Colonel lost over 200 men and 8 officers during the carnage in the West Woods near the Dunker Church.

    1862: While serving with Company A of the 72nd Regiment Nathan Roenfelt was “wounded and captured” at the Battle of Antietam.

    1862: When he enrolled at Virginia Military Institute (VMI) today, Moses Ezekiel became the first Jew to attend that state’s military college.

    1862(22ndof Elul, 5622): William Lazarus, who had been serving with Company E of the 132ndRegiment since August 13 was killed today at the Battle of Antietam.

    1863: One day after he had passed away, 24 year old William Meyers was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1863: At its meeting today, the Board of Alderman rejected the Report-of Committee on Finance, in favor of adopting resolution that the Comptroller be directed to dispose of the following ground belonging to the Corporation, and located adjoining the Orphan Asylum of the Hebrew Benevolent Society: On Seventy seventh-street and extending from the westerly line or side of said Orphan Asylum to the easterly line or side of Lexington-avenue, being in extent one hundred and thirty-five feet front and rear, by one hundred feet deep, to the said Hebrew Benevolent Society, to be held by the said Society upon the same tenure or conditions as the twelve lots of ground heretofore grunted to the said Society; the grant hereby made to said Society to be sanctioned by the Legislature of the State, at its next or any subsequent session, in order to perfect the title thereto in the aforesaid Society, and to obviate the prohibition contained in the forty-first section of the amended charter of one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, in respect to disposing of the property or franchises of the City.

    1865: Today's Foreign Items column reported that a synagogue is about to be opened in St. Petersburg. A Jewish Banker named Gusburg the Jewish banker, has given 70,000 rubles towards the completion of the projection.

    1865: Today's "City News" column described preparations in New York City for the upcoming observance of “The Jewish New Year.” “Thursday will be the first day of Tishri, the commencement of the year 5,626, according to Jewish chronology. The event will be celebrated by the Jews throughout the world Extensive preparations are being made for its observance in this city. There will be services in the various synagogues, to be followed by festivals, social gatherings, and general merry-makings.”

    1867: In New York, the Board of Aldermen accepted an invitation to visit the Hebrew Orphan Asylum today at 1 p.m.

    1868(1st of Tishrei, 5629): Rosh Hashanah

    1868: Sigmund Shlesinger was among the U.S. soldiers facing force of Arapaho, Cheyenne and Sioux on the first day of the Battle of Beecher Island

    1871:An article that had originally appeared in the Jewish Messenger was published today which provided a summary Benjamin Franklin Peixotto’s service as the U.S. Consul in Bucharest.  The mere fact that America’s senior diplomat in Romania is Jewish has given heart to the Jews of Bucharest, Jassy and other towns in their fight against the government’s harsh treatment.  Peixotto has effectively represented the position of many in the West that Romania must emancipate its Jewish citizens. 

    1871(2nd of Tishrei, 5632): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1871: In McGregor, Iowa, Louis R Rowe and his wife gave birth to Leo S Rowe, the Wharton graduate  and Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania who president of the American Academy of Political Science and a member of President McKinley’s Commission to Revise and Compile the Law of Porto Rico.

    1872: In Iberville Parish, LA, “Perry J. Moses and Rosalie Levy Moses “gave birth to the daughter Rosalie Virginia Moses who became Rosalie Phelps when she married Aaron Cohen Phelps.

    1873: Two days after have passed way, 72 year old Samuel Jacobs, the second oldest of Eliezer Jacobs five children was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1873: One day after he had passed away, 61 year old Henry Jacobs was buried at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1875(17th of Elul, 5635): Abraham Weisberg, a Jewish peddler was murdered today in Westchester County, NY leaving behind an “estate” valued at $290.

    1876: Mrs. Leopold Weil’s English, German and French Boarding and Day School for Young Ladies of the Jewish Faith is scheduled to open today in New York.

    1876: “The Jewish Holidays” published today provides an amazingly detailed account of the origins and customs related to the High Holidays.

    1877: During the Russo-Turkish War, it was reported today that “an enterprising Jew from Vienna” has opened an office in the Balkan city of Nikopolis from which he sells newspapers which means that the Russian officers are only 36 hours behind their comrades in arms serving in Bucharest.  The sale is limited to newspapers that are not critical of the policies of the Russian government. This means he cannot sale papers from London or Vienna but his customers are happy to read such French and Italian papers as Gaulois and Figaro.

    1877(10th of Tishrei, 5638): Yom Kippur

    1877: “Ten Fires in Two Hours” published today described the impact of ten fires set between 6 pm and 8 pm in a series of tenements primarily occupied by Jews or that housed businesses owned by Jews including Isaac Cohen’s Crockery Store which sustained $50.00 in damages.

    1877: Rabbi De Sola Mendes is scheduled to deliver the Yom Kippur sermon at the Forty-fourth street synagogue in Manhattan.

    1877: At Temple Emanu-El in New York City, Rabbi Gustav Gottheil preached a sermon in which he contended that the objection some Israelites have to be called “Jews is an unfounded one, and that the name Jew is one which any person might be glad to bear.”

    1877: It was reported today that Harper & Brothers will be offering The Jews and Their Persecutors by Eugene Lawrence which is the latest publication in their popular "Half Hour Series."

    1877: At Romny, Poltava, Russia, Abraham Myer Krichefski, the son of David and Rebbeca Kricefski married Mashe Cohen, the daughter of Rachel Cohen.

    1878: As the Yellow Fever Epidemic continues to grip the Deep South, New Orleans Mayor Pillsbury received a telegram from Mark Moses, the former Rabbi of the Jackson Street Synagogue who is now living in Providence, Rhode Island, asking for information about his family that lives on Magazine Street.  He is worried because he has not received any letters from them in the past several days and has had no reply to telegrams that he has sent.

    1878: As the nation responds to the financial needs of Southerners fighting Yellow Fever, the Young Ladies’ Charitable Union has instructed that 40 of the 100 dollars it has collected should be sent to the Hebrew Relief Society of Memphis.

    1879(29th of Elul, 5639): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1882(4th of Tishrei, 5643): Since the third of Tishrei fell on Shabbat Tzom Gedaliah is observed today.

    1882: “Pass Judgment on Judaism” published today contends that “those who are interested in the so-called Jewish question” (a euphemism for excluding Jewish immigrants from eastern Europe) should examine “the temper and teaching of current and contemporary Judaism and not its consistency with the past.”

    1883: It was reported that Charles Scribner’s and Sons has published East of the Jordan by Selah Merrill

    1884: Birthdate of Brooklyn native Lester David Volk, the lawyer and physician turned Congressman from New York’s 10th District who served the Army during WW I and whose married to Florence S. Volk with whom he had one child -  Alan M. Volk.

    1884: In New Haven, Connecticut, the Register published a story that included a remark by Henry B. Harrison in 1857 when, during a trial, he asked the judge, “Your Honor, will you not take the evidence given by 11 Americans in preference to that given by four Jews?”  Harrison is running for Governor on the Republican ticket.

    1885: In Lithuania, Rabbi and Mrs. Nachum Shraga Revel gave birth to Rabbi Bernard Dov Revel, the first President of Yeshiva College in NYC.

    1885: Eighty-five year old Henry Neuwahl, a resident of the Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews in New York was severely injured today when he was run over by a U.S. mail wagon while crossing at the corner of Broadway and Houston.  In his earlier days, he was a successful merchant whose love of fast horse earned him the nickname “Sporting Charlie.”

    1886:  In Germany, Lewis and Ida Mayer Arnheim gave birth to Leonard Arnheim who would move to the United States in 1868 and eventually represent Doughtery County in the Georgia State Legislature.

    1887: In Valdosta, GA. Jacob and Basheva Pearlman Lazarus gave birth to  businessman Sam Lazarus the husband of Anna (Stein) Lazurs with whom he had five sons – Mendel, Leon Sidney, Milton and Ralph Lazarus – and one daughter Francis Lazrus Simon.

    1888: In New York City, the audience at Koster and Biali’s Concert Hall laughed like lunatics as they were entertained by Frank Bush “whose imitations of the Hebrew gentlemen of impolite fiction are known from Harlem to Los Angeles.

    1890(3rd of Tishrei, 5651): Fast of Gedaliah

    1890(3rd of Tishrei, 5651): Sixty year old Rabbi T.A. Moses of New York passed away in Huntingdon, PA after being stricken with apoplexy.

    1892: In London, Professor Hechler, the Chaplain of the British Embassy at Vienna, presented a paper at the Internationalist Congress that described a papyrus manuscript discovered a few months ago in Egypt that is supposed “to be the oldest copy…of portions of the…books of Zechariah and Malachi.”

    1893: Bernard Weinberger, the banker and steamship agent who had suffered major business reversals, was alive today after surviving an attempt to take his own life by sucking on gas filled tube in his hotel room last night.

    1893: Two days after she had passed away, 73 year old Alice Levy, the daughter of Abraham Moses was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1894: In Prague Jakob and Barbara Bondy gave birth to Karel Bondy

    1895: A meeting of anti-Semites held in the Hopfenbluhe Hall tonight “passed a resolution amid cheers asking the Prince Regent of Bavaria not to” show “any clemency to the Jew,” Louis Stern of New York.

    1896(10th of Tishrei, 5657): Yom Kippur

    1896: Nathan Fischer is locked up in the East 67thStreet Police Station after he attacked Abraham Pollack, an usher at Mount Sinai Temple in a dispute over Fischer’s admission ticket.

    1896: Birthdate of Dr. Sheldon Blank, the native of Mt. Carmel, Illinois and graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College who after being ordained as a rabbi in 1923 earned a Ph.D at the University of Jena before pursuing a career at HUC.

    1897: Today, The Hebrew Standard of New York gave its unqualified support to Seth Low for Mayor of Greater New York (what we now call New York City)

    1897: In Glasgow, Scotland, Nechi Surah Wilamowski and Solomon Wolfson and his wife gave birth to Sir Isaac Wolfson, the Scottish businessman and philanthropist.

    1897: “Their Second Marriage” published today described the romantic ups and downs of Mathew Sterling Borden, Yale ’95, the son of a Chicago millionaire and Mildred N. Nerbaur, the daughter of a Jewish tailor in New Haven, CT

    1898(1st of Tishrei, 5659): Rosh Hashanah

    1898: At Temple B’nai Jeshurun, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise delivered a sermon that included references to “the triumphant war against Spain” that was a fight “against injustice and unrighteousness; the hope that the wrong done to Captain Dreyfus would soon be righted; and the view that Zionism would prove to be “a unifying and inspiring force among the ten million” Jews scattered around the world.

    1898: At Temple Beth-El, Rabbi Kaufman Kohler delivered a sermon entitled “The Larger Life and Larger Visions.”

    1898: At Temple Israel in Harlem, Rabbi Harris delivered a sermon entitled “The Jewish Question.”

    1898: At Shearith Israel, Rabbi Pereira Mendez delivered a sermon entitled “The Good and the Evil” based on the words of Amos “Seek ye the Lord”

    1898: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Gustav Gottheil delivered a sermon entitled “The New Era.”

    1898: Jewish soldiers, many of them veterans of the recent war with Spain including Alfred Levi of Cincinnati who served with the 17th Infantry in Cuba, attended services at many of the congregations in New York including Temple Emanu-El where fifty seats had been reserved for their use.

    1898: The wealthy Jews living in Hempstead, Long Island and its surrounding villages are planning holding New Year’s services for the first time as part of their long-term plan to build a permanent synagogue.

    1898: Herzl meets with the German minister Bernhard von Bülow

    1899: “Two thousand residents of Chicago” nearly half of whom were women “assembled at Metropolitan Hall…this afternoon and protested against the verdict of the court-martial in the Dreyfus case.”

    1899: In his review published today, Edward Dithmar writes tha “from a strictly critical point of view ‘The Ghetto’ is not much of play.  It is slow moving and wordy…It throws no new light on Jewish character while its implied moral is neither very clear nor very valuable.” It will draw because its name will lead people to confuse it with Zangwill’s “Children of the Ghetto.”

    1899: “Sunday Labor Legislation” published today traces the history of Sunday labor laws in Massachusetts including the fact that “in 1895 the law as to labor on Sunday was…modified to accord with the religious ideas of the Jews.  A statute provided that ‘whoever conscientiously believes that the seventh day of the week ought be observed as the Sabbath and actually refrains from secular business and labor on that day, shall not be liable to the penalties of this section for performing secular business and labor on the Lord’s day, if he disturbs no other person.’”

    1899: Reverend W. S. Crowe, the past of the Church of the Eternal Hope delivered a sermon on “The Religious Aspects of the Dreyfus Case” in which he condemned the verdict.

    1899: In London’s Hyde Park, a few thousand people stood around the seven platforms and hear the speakers condemn the Dreyfus verdict.

    1899: In the prelude to his sermon tonight, Reverend Madison C. Peters of the Bloomingdale Reformed Church  spoke out against the Dreyfus verdict saying that Dreyfus “was condemned, the innocent for the guilty on the General Staff, and he was condemned solely because he was a Jew.”

    1902: Annie Krichefski of Jersey married Robert Katz.

    1904: In Rozwadow, Poland Meir Katz and his wife Hinda Garten gave birth to Abraham Garten Katz.

    1905: Birthdate of Dutch mathematician Hans Freudenthal.

    1904(8th of Tishrei, 5665): Shabbat Shuvah

    1904: In Rozwadow, Meir Katz and the former Hinda Gartnen gave birth to Abraham Katz-Garten.

    1904: Birthdate of Edgar Georg Ulmer, the Moravian born American film director whose films included “The Black Cat” and “Detour.”

    1907(9th of Tishrei, 5668): In the evening, Kol Nidre.

    1907(9th of Tishrei, 5668): Sixty-year old pianist and composer Ignaz Brüll, whose works would be banned by the Nazis passed away today in Viennal

    1908:  Birthdate of Russian born violin virtuoso David Oistrakh

    1909: Louis Waldman, a founding member of the Social Democratic Federation, and a prominent New York labor lawyer, having left the Ukraine, arrived in New York today where he joined his sisters who were already living there.

    1909(2nd of Tishrei, 5670): Second day of Rosh Hashanah

    1909(2nd of Tishrei, 5670): Max Lewy passed away.

    1910(13th of Elul, 5670):Mrs. Golde Schilling passed away.

    1910(13th of Elul, 5670): Mrs. Jette Trembe passed away.

    1913: Forty-year old Chicago attorney and member of B’nai B’rith founded the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) which aimed to halt anti-Semitism by all legal means and at a broader level to fight against injustice and inequality without regard to the origins of the group being attacked.

    1914: During WW I which saw Jews fighting in all of the armies of the Great Powers, today the German and Austrian general staffs were trying to gather “a force of between one and two million men to stem the Russian advance in the East” while on the Western Front, the 6th German Army failed to outflank Allied troops in Belgium which made the cry of Home by Christmas seem less and less likely.

    1915(9th of Tishrei, 5675): In the evening, Kol Nidre

    1915: “The Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, the oldest congregation in New York” held two services at the same time under the direction of Louis Napoleon Levy with “Dr. H. Pereira Menes preaching in the upper auditorium and Assistant Rabbi David De Sola Pool preaching downstairs

    1915: At Rodoph Sholom on Lexington Avenue, Rabbi Rudolph Grossman delivered a sermon entitled “The Moral Failure of Our Civilization.”

    1915: At Temple Israel on Lenox Avenue, Dr. Maurice H. Harris delivered a sermon entitled “The Sanctification of the Name.”

    1915: At Temple Emanu-El, Dr. Joseph Silverman delivered a sermon entitled “The Perfect Man vs. the Superman” in which he spoke favorably about “ex-Governor Slaton of Georgia” who “rose above the clamor of the crowd and rescued Leo M. Frank from the jaws of death” while condemning the “frenzie move that wreaked vengeance and violated the laws of its own State” by lynching Frank.

    1915: In the wake of the “twenty-four accidental fires” started by candles being burned on Rosh Hashanah the New York Fire Commissioners hopes that with candles burning in every Jewish home in the city “the heads of these families” will place “candles in a remote spot” preferably “in a pan of earth or vessel of water.”

    1915: It was reported today that the decision to remove the Grand Duke from his position of commanding all Russian military forces was in part, a response to “domestic difficulties” brought on by his extreme reactionary views including his failure to the keep the promise “of better treatment of the Jews.”

    1916: In New York “steps to raise one million dollars for the relief of Romanian Jews” and for the establishment of a campaign to obtain “equal rights and emancipation” for them “were taken at two meeting attended” by “two hundred delegates representing 35 organizations”

    1916: It was reported today that the Joint Distribution Committee chaired by Felix M Warburg has raised $5,797, 280.36.

    1916: Dr. Samuel Landau, the cantor at B’nai Israel, an Orthodox synagogue was “the principal speaker” at the dedication of the congregation’s new facility at Bedford Avenue and Hewes Street in Williamsburg.

    1916: “Dr. Samuel Schulman, a member of the original sub-committee of the Conference of National Jewish Organizations” said this afternoon that “It is deplorable that” “the peace plan for an American Jewish Congress to demand equal for Jews in other countries” “was voted down” because the “agreement had been reach after much labor and thought and had been assented to by men on both sides who understood every phase of the Jewish problem.”

    1916: It was reported today that among the contributions received by the Central committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War were $24 from the Daughter of Jacob in Amsterdam, NY, $81 from Rabbi J.N. Rosenberg and $20 from Rabbi I.P Wolkowitz.

    1917(1st of Tishrei, 5678): Rosh Hashanah

    1917: “More than 300 soldiers in uniform attended the services at the Institutional Synagogue at 110th Street and Fifth Avenue.”

    1917: Abram I. Elkus, the former Ambassador to Turkey “spoke at the Community Building…at service conducted under the direction of the Free Synagogue” where he said that “every citizen of this country is expected to do his duty regardless of how he may feel toward warfare in general and the motives and principles involved.

    1917: At Temple Beth-El, Rabbi Samuel Schulman told his congregants that “the only sane opinion today” is the one “which urges us to give ourselves single mindedly to our nation until America has its influence felt and has won a real victory.

    1917: Today marks the official start of special campaign by the American Jewish Relief Committee chaired by Louis Marshall “to raise $1,000,000 toward the $10,000,000 Jewish War Relief Fund.”

    1918: Birthdate of Leah Lenke Roth the native of Sajoszentpeter in northeast Hungary who gained fame as Leah Gottlieb, the woman “who started with a single sewing machine in a refugee camp in the new nation-state of Israel and rose to become one of the world’s most renowned designers of women’s bathing suits.” (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    1918: During WW I, as General Allenby prepares to resume his offensive north of Jerusalem an Indian sergeant crosses into the Turkish lines where he warns them that the British are about to attack.  The Turks believe him, but the German general in command does not which means that Allenby will have the element of surprise as he continues the offensive that will ultimately lead to British control over Palestine.

    1918: On the day after Yom Kippur, Sergeant Abraham Blaustein of the 165thregiment (formerly the fabled 69th regiment) headed left St. Benoit after a three day stay and headed for La March, another French town that had to be taken on the road to Berlin.
    1918: Birthdate of Chaim Herzog(
    חיים הרצוג) sixth President of Israel. Herzog was born in 1918 in Belfast, where his father, Dr Isaac Herzog, was rabbi. While Chaim was still a child, Isaac was appointed Chief Rabbi of Ireland and the family moved to Dublin. Chaim is remembered there as a former bantam-weight boxing champion.  After college, he moved to Palestine in 1935.  He joined the Palmach and defended Jewish settlements during the Arab Uprising that lasted from 1936 until 1938.  Herzog returned to England where he studied to become a lawyer.  He fought with the British forces in Europe during World War II where his forte was intelligence.  After the war, he returned to Palestine where he took an active role in the fighting to create the new state of Israel. After the war, the new state made use of Herzog’s knowledge of Intelligence work.  He enjoyed a successful career filling several military, civilian and private sector positions. He passed away in 1997.  Chaim Herzog in his own words: "I do not bring forgiveness with me, nor forgetfulness. The only ones who can forgive are dead; the living have no right to forget.

    1920: In Toronto, David and Lillian gave birth to Harold Levy who gained fame as Peter Allen, “the radio voice of the Metropolitan Opera’s Saturday afternoon radio broadcasts. (As reported by James Barron)

    1920: It was reported today that B’nai Abram Congregation of Minneapolis has dedicated a new synagogue at Thirteenth Avenue and 9thStreet.

    1920: It was reported today that “Rabbi Harry of Congregation B’nai Israel in Cleveland” has accepted a similar position with Congregation B’rith Sholom in Bethlehem, PA.

    1920: It was reported today that violinist Mischa Elman “has been decorated by the King of the Belgians.”

    1920: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Justice Abram I. Elkus and Joseph M. Levine are scheduled to address a meeting in the Prospect Avenue Macy Place Methodist Church, the temporary home of the Bronx Free Synagogue where they will appeal to attendees to help contributed to the drive to raise $125,000 for purchase of the church as the Bronx Free Synagogue Community Center.”

    1921: Mr. and Mrs. Julius Rosenwald announced the engagement tonight of their daughter Miss Marion Rosenwald to Alfred K. Stern, the son of Mrs. Max Stern.  Mr. Stern had been living in Fargo, North Dakota.  No date has been set for the wedding. [Stern would later divorce the Sears & Roebuck heiress and eventually marry Martha Dodd, the daughter William E. Dodd, the first U.S. Ambassador to Germany to serve after Hitler came to power.  For more about the Dodds see In the Garden of Beasts by Erik Larson]

    1922: In Canada, Shaar Hashomayim dedicated its new synagogue at the corner of Kensington Avenue and Côte St. Antoine in Westmount. The congregation had acquired the ground in 1920.  In 1921, Lyon Cohen, the president of the congregation had laid the cornerstone which had come from Eretz Israel.

    1925: Sir Mathew Nathan completed his service as Governor of Queensland.

    1925: In Berlin, mathematicians Richard Brauer and Ilse Karger were married today six years before Brauer fled the country and began teaching at the University of Kentucky and seven years before Ilse was able to escape to the United States.

    1926(9th of Tishrei, 5687): Erev Yom Kippur

    1926: Charles and Gisèle Lustiger gave birth to Aaron Lustiger who converted to Catholicism in 1940, became the Archbishop of Paris and was ultimately name a Cardinal as Aaron Jean-Marie Lustiger

    1927: In suburban Philadelphia, PA Rabbi Philip Reis Alstat spoke at the dedication ceremonies of Ohev Shalom Synagogue Center.

    1927: Annie Krichefski and Robert Katz celebrated their silver anniversary in Jersey.

    1927: Abraham Myer Krichefski and Mashe Cohen celebrated their golden anniversary in Jersey.

    1927: Fanny Brice divorced Nicky Arnstein today.

    1928(3rd of Tishrei, 5689): Tzom Gedaliah is observed for the last time during the Presidency of Calvin Coolidge.

    1929: The Jewish community in Palestine is feeling a sense of increasing anxiety over the fact that 45 of 51 Jews arrested in Haifa have been charged with attempted or premeditated murder under the direction public prosecutors in Haifa who are Arabs.  In addition to which bail has been denied.  The arrest comes on the heels of a wave of Arab violence that included massacres at Hebron and Safed.

    1930: Shortstop Jim Levey made his major league debut with the St. Louis Browns.

    1933: The National Representation of German Jews (Reichsvertretung der Dutschen Juden) was established "to come to grips with the troubled times..." Rabbi Leo Baeck would be its president.

    1934: U.S. premiere of “Young and Beautiful,” a comedy produced by Nat Levine with a script by Dore Schary.

    1936(1stof Tishrei, 5697): As FDR prepares to face Alf Landon in the Presidential election, Jews observe Rosh Hashanah

    1936: “Nazi Penalties Heavier” published today described the decision of the Reich Justice Ministry to instruct “public prosecutors to demand more severe punish for Jewish ‘race defilers’ – Jews convicted of having had relations with ‘German women.’”

    1936: “Dr. Samuel H. Goldenson of Temple of Temple Emanu-El who had chosen ‘Micha’s Creed for the Troubles of 1936” as “the theme for this morning’ service” included the quote “What does the Lord require of Thee?  To do justly, to love mercy and to walk humbly with thy God.”

    1936: In his sermon today, Rabbi Jonah B. Wise of Central Synagogue “said that humility was the need of our time and that the Jew must learn to walk humbly with his God.”

    1936: At Shaaray Tefila on West 82nd Street, Rabbi Nathan Stern delivered a sermon entitled “One Step Further in which he said “the dictatorship of God alone give security and has endurance.”

    1936: At Temple Israel, Rabbi William F. Rosenblum congregants that their mission was “to get together and to make the world what was intended to be.”

    1936: At the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall Rabbi Stephen S. Wise delivered a sermon entitled “Not Without Hope” saying “that the Jew suffered because he hoped and that he hoped despite his sufferings.”

    1936: At Congregation B’nai Jeshurun in Manhattan Dr. Israel Goldstein delivered a sermon entitled “Can the Evil Decree Be Averted?”

    1936: “Charges of an Italian plot to stir up Arab unrest in Palestine were made by a special correspondent of the London Daily Herald now” working “in Jerusalem.”

    1936: During his sermon at Ohab Zedek, Rabbi William Margolis “assailed dictatorships as enemies of civilization.”

    1936: Rabbi Joseph Zeitlin led Rosh Hashanah services at Temple Ansche Chesed in New York.

    1936: Rabbi Joseph Hager led Rosh Hashanah services at the Wall Street Synagogue on Maiden Lane.

    1936: At the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, Dr. David de Sola Pool delivered a sermon entitled “Can We Make This a Better World?”

    1936: “As is customary, Yiddish theatres began seasons” with “four playhouses opening in Manhattan, two in the Bronx, three in Brooklyn” and several others opening Newark and Philadelphia.

    1936: Colonel Josef Beck, the Foreign Minister of Poland left today for Geneva for a meeting of the League of Nations where “the problem of mass emigration of Polish Jews to Palestine will be raised.”

    1936: The United States must accept a share of blame in the "horrible record of murders and destructive acts" in Palestine, in the opinion of Senators Royal S. Copeland of New York and Warren R. Austin of Vermont, who returned today on the Italian liner Conte di Savoia after an unofficial study of conditions in the Holy Land. In a jointly issued statement the senators said that the United States “government cannot be held blameless until it calls sharply to the attention of Great retain our feeling that the mandate is not being administered as it should be.  No matter how pressing may be the demands of a Presidential election, time out must be taken to have the atrocities in Palestine stopped.”  The senators descried the security measures as being “lax” and expressed the view that a New York police official backed by 1,000 officers and 200 detectives could reestablish law and order in the wake of Arab violence.

    1936: “Blum Finds Jews Are Good Patriots” published today provided a summary of “an article published in the current issue of the American Hebrew” in which the Premier of France asserted “that loyalty to Judaism need not impair the patriotism of Jews” but also make “a plea for Zionism to provide a refuge for victims of intolerance and persecution.”

    1936: In his New Year’s greeting published today, President Roosevelt said “Mindful of the signal part taken by the Jewish people of America in upholding the traditions and aims of our country, it gives me special pleasure to extend cordial greetings to all those of the Jewish faith on this Rosh Hashanah.”

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that the League of Nations Council, meeting in Geneva, unanimously adopted British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden's plan and decided to send a new Special Commission to Palestine, to consult with Jews and Arabs how best to implement the Royal (Peel) Commission Report's recommendations on the country's partition and fix the future boundaries of both states and of the British enclaves. In the meanwhile the Palestine Mandate of July 24, 1922, was to remain in force.

    1938(21stof Elul, 5698): Parashat Ki Tavo; Leil Selichot

    1938: In Pittsburg, 80 year old Keysville, VA born, U.VA educated Pittsburgh attorney A. Leo Weil passed way today.

    1938: Hank Greenberg hits his fifty first home run of the season which kept him even with Babe Ruth’s 1927 record breaking pace.

    1939(4th of Tishrei, 5700): Tzom Gedaliah

    1939(4th of Tishrei, 5700): Nineteen Jews were killed and many more were injured when a train struck a bus halfway between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.

    1939: The Soviet Union invaded Poland during WW II.  This invasion was part of the terms of the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact that made it possible for the Germans to invade Poland. The Nazis traded half of Poland to ensure that the Germans would have a free hand in fighting the British and the French without having to worry about fighting the Soviets at the same time.

    1941: The Nazis took several thousand Jews taken from their homes in Kovno and locked them in synagogues for three days. They then brought them to prepared ditches and shot them all.

     1941: A general deportation of German Jews remaining in the Fatherland began.  For those interested in the topic you might want to read The Last Jews in Berlin by Leonard Gross, which depicts the life of 18 Jews living in the capital of Nazi Germany.

    1941: “At Wuerzburg, Germany, the Jews were marched through the town carrying their meagre belongings and forced on to trains headed for Nuremberg which would be joined to longer trains headed for “The East” a euphemism for the death camps.

    1942(6th of Tishrei, 5703): Forty-two year old Dutch businessman Abraham Icek Tuschinski and owner of the famous Tuschiniski Movie Theatre in Amsterdam was murdered today at Auschwitz having been shipped there from the infamous Westerbork concentration camp.

    1943: The Russian city of Bryansk was liberated from Nazis. Bryansk was occupied by the Nazis for over seven hundred days.  It was the scene of on-going partisan activity.  Jews played an active part in this resistance.  Before the Nazis left the areas, Jews hiding in the forest around Bryansk were attacked and killed by local forces loyal to the Nazis.  The excuse for killing them was that they were “pro-Soviet.”

    1943: In Lyon, Fritz Freund, a Jewish veteran of the French Army, went out to buy food for his wife Mathilde and himself.  He never returned.  Mathilde searched for her husband in vain.  She was told by on-lookers that her husband was probably one of those who were shoved into cattle cars by employees of the French national railway company.  The cars went from Lyon, to a holding camp in Compiegne before depositing their human cargo at Buchenwald.  Yes, the French were willing accomplices to the Nazi final solution. This is the Compiegne where the Armistice was signed in 1918 and where the French cravenly surrendered to the Nazis in 1940

    1943(17th of Elul, 5703):  Estella Blits- Agsterribe, her six-year old daughter Nanny and two-year old son Alfred were murdered today at Auschwitz.  Before marrying Samuel Blits, she was known as Estella Agsterribe, one of the members of the 1928 gold medal winning Dutch ladies Olympic Gymnastics Team.

    1943: “Revenge of the Zombies,” a horror film directed by Steve Sekely was released today in the United States.

    1944(29th of Elul, 5704): Erev Rosh Hashanah 5705

    1944: During WW II, the start of the disastrous operation known as Market-Garden the British part of which was the “Battle of Arnhem” and whose participants included a significant number of Anglo-Jewish Paratroopers as well as Jews fighting with Polish Parachute Brigade.

     1944: While serving as a Chaplain in the United States Army, Rabbi Harold I. Saperstein delivered a sermon “The Call of the Shofar” at Grenoble, France.

    1944: “Russia Fears Reich May Win Soft Peace” published today described “a growing feeling among the Soviets that the Americans and British may take too easy an attitude toward the Germans after the war.”

    1944:  As the Red Army approached, the Germans started the evacuation of the Bor labor camp. The first Hungarian death march began. Five thousand people would set off, only 9 would survive.

    1944(29th of Elul, 5704): Near Verona, Italy, 23-year-old Rita Rosani, the Jewish leader of an Italian partisan group, is killed in a battle with German troops.

    1944: Moseh Pinchasovich, the son of Yosef and Rivka Pinchasovich and husband of Rivka Pinchasovich passed away today.

    194510th of Tishrei, 5706) Yom Kippur: Jews fast on the first Yom Kippur after the end of World War II and the Holocaust.

    1945(10th of Tishrei, 5706) as Jews observed Yom Kippur for the first time since the end of WW II, rabbis grappled with the Shoah and its aftermath offering different ways to deal with the future that ranged from the very practical to the spiritual. At Rodeph Shalom, Rabbi Louis Newman told congregants that “six million Jews have died a martyr’s death and their blood cries up from the ground.  The least America and Britain can do is to open the doors of Palestine to Jewish immigration and to enable the homeless and wandering to come at last to security and peace.  At B’nai Jeshurun Rabbi Israel Goldstein confronted the reality that the culture of European Jewry had been destroyed when he told his congregants that “American Jewry will be called upon for a long time to be the big brother of Jewish Communities the world over.  It must prepare itself for this responsibility by matching it philanthropic endeavors with its education and religious activities.”  At Pelham Parkway Jewish Center, Rabbi Jacob Katz reminded his congregants that “Before we may properly pray for forgiveness from God, we must obtain reconciliation from our fellowmen” which provides a natural segue to Rabbi Joseph Lookstein’s call for “mankind’s penitence to be expressed through a universal resolution that wheresoever and against whomsoever evil will raise its ugly head it will become the concern of all decent man and nations to stamp it out.  Anti-Semitism, anti-Negroism and anti-Catholicism and all of the many manifestations of bigotry will be recognized for what they are – destructive forces that will be dealt with accordingly.

    1945: Birthdate of “American video artist” Beryl Korot who has collaborated with Steve Reich on at least two projects.

    1947: In the past two years, since August 1945, 347 people had been killed in Palestine under British occupation including 169 Englishmen, 88 Jews, 85 Arabs and 5 listed as “unidentified.”

    1948(13th of Elul, 5708): Sixty-seven year old Emil Ludwig (born Emil Cohn) the journalist whose work included interviews with Mussolini, Ataturk and Stalin died today in Switzerland.

    1948(13th of Elul, 5708): Fifty-nine year old Hungarian born “painter and caricaturist” Henry Major who came to the United States and settled in New York passed away today in Provincetown, MA.

    1948: Acting in a manner that brought shame to the Jewish people, the Stern Gang assassinated Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the UN to mediate between the Arabs and Jews during the War for Independence.  Bernadotte’s position was viewed as pro-Arab and that was the rational offered for this act.  Bernadotte was eventually by Ralph Bunche who would win the Nobel Peace Prize for ending the conflict in 1949.

    1948: Today, “in Bad Reichenall, Anton Piëch a member of Nazi Party and the SS and son-in-law of Ferdianand Porsche who manufactured Volkswagens and parts for weapons including the V-1 flying bomb, “participated in the signing of the agreement between Volkswagenwerk GmbH (under the leadership of new CEO Heinrich Nordhoff) and Porsche Kommanditgesellschaft.”

    1949(23rd of Elul, 5709): Parashat Nitzavim-Vayeilech’ Leil Selichot

    1949: Clothing manufacturer Abraham Marcus passed away today in his native Baltimore.

    1950: It was learned today that the Jordanian Government has asked the United Nations to suspend Security Council action on its complaint against Israel's occupation of a disputed strip of land at the confluence of the Jordan and Yarmuk Rivers.

    1950(6th of Tishrei, 5711): Sixty-five year old New York City Magistrate Morris Rothenberg, the general chairman of the United Palestine Appeal passed away to at the Biltmore Hotel after suffering a heart attack following a meeting of the National Executive Committee of the Zionist Organization of America.

    1950: In a single sentence communiqué issued in New Delhi by the Ministry of External Affairs, India announced that it was recognizing the Government of Israel effective on this date.  The Indians made it clear that the recognition should not be seen as a change in its policy supporting the Arabs in their conflicts with the Jewish state.  India has no intention of sending a diplomat to take up residence in Israel.  The Israelis will not be sending anybody to Delhi because of a lack of funds and trained personnel.

    1951: “Negotiations of a new five-point plan aimed at establishing peace between Israel and the Arab states were delayed while Israeli representative awaited their government’s reaction to the plan” which is the handiwork of the United Nations Palestine Conciliation Commission.  Under the terms of the plan, among other things, Israel would pay the 850,000 Arab refugees for the property they had left behind in what is now Israel, funds would be made available to those countries in which the refugees were now living for economic development, borders would draw “to avoid friction” and “both sides would renounce all warlike methods and ‘respect the rights of neighbors to security.’”

    1953: In Greenwich, London, Cecil Day-Lewis who was not Jewish and actress Jill Balcon who was gave birth to actress Lydia Tamasin Day-Lewis, the sister of actor Daniel Day-Lewis.

    1955(1st of Tishrei, 5716): Rosh Hashanah

    1955: Birthdate of comedienne Rita Rudner

    1956: U.S. premiere of “Lust for Life” the movie version of the novel by Irving Stone with a script by Norman Corwin starring Kirk Douglas.

    1957: In Tel Aviv, American athletes scored two more victories when “Martin Engel tossed the hammer 192 feet” and 41 year old Henry Laskau won the 3,000-meter walk marking the third time he has won the event.

    1958: Seventy one year old Austrian born British Chemist Friedrich Paneth, whose parents were Jewish but who was raised as a Protestant, passed away today.

    1959: ITV broadcast the first episode of “The Four Just Men” with music by Francis Chagin.

    1961: NBC broadcast the first episode of “Car 54 Where Are You?” created by Nate Hiken who also served as director, producer and wrote the theme music for the police themed sitcom.

    1962: “The Days and Nights of BeeBee Fenstermaker” directed by Ulu Grosbard premiered tonight at the Sheridan Square Playhouse.

    1964(11th of Tishrei, 5725): Sixty-nine year old Samuel Randolph Parnes, the husband of Rose Meyerson Parnes passed away today after which he was buried at Mount Hebron Cemetery.

    1964(11thof Tishrei, 5725): Twenty-four year old Merry Abel Barge, the wife of Dr. Peter Barg and daught of Lionel and Sherry Abel passed away today in San Francisco.

    1966: CBS television broadcast the first episode of Bruce Geller’s “Mission Impossible” starring Steven Hill, “the Orthodox Jew who had to leave the set on Fridays at 4 p.m., Barbara Bain and Martin Landau with a theme song by Lalo Schifrin.

    1969: “A Place for Lovers” produced by Arthur Cohn with music by Lee Konitz was released in France today by MGM.

    1969(5thof Tishrei, 5730): A month before her 69th birthday, Ida Klein Clurman , the widow of Sam Clurman, passed away today after which she interred at Montefiore Cemetery in Queens.

    1969: Birthdate of Kobi Oz, the native of Sderot “who is he lead singer of Teapacks.”

    1971: U.S. premiere of “Kotch” starring Walter Matthau with music by Marvin Hamlisch.

    1972(9th of Tishrei, 5733): Erev Yom Kippur

    1972: “In a pre-Yom Kippur message, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson said that only after self-analysis ‘can one positively influence fellow Jews for improvement.”

    1972: First episode of “M*A*S*H” appeared on CBS.  The hit show was created by Chicago native Larry Gelbart.

    1972: In his Yom Kippur message delivered today, Rabbi Maurice N. Eisendrath, the President of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations “urged American Jews ‘to campaign vigorously for Jewish rights, safeguarding of Israel, and freedom of Soviet Jews’” while playing “a strong role in fighting ‘for the rights all minority groups.’”

    1972: “Rabbi Ala. W. Miller at the Society for Advancement of Judaism…said a crucial problem confronting Jews and non-Jews was overcoming ‘violence in the streets, violence in the air, violence in every part of the globe.’”

    1972: In his Yom Kippur message published today, Rabbi Louis Bernstein, President of the Rabbinical Council of America “cited world peace as ‘the most urgent problem which humanity faces today.’”

    1972: “Rabbi Joseph Karasik, President of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregation of America said Jews must dedicated themselves ‘to the principles which our sacred Torah expresses’” while recognizing “any danger to Israel…as a danger to the survival of civilization as we known it.”

    1972: In Crown Heights, “150 Jews from Russia who have settled in Israel and are visiting” in the United States” tonight have “their first opportunity to observe Yom Kippur under the guidance of Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, lead of the worldwide Lubavitcher movement…”

    1974(1stof Tishrei, 5735): Rosh Hashanah

    1976: “The Front,” a comedic look at “the notorious Hollywood blacklist” written by Walter Bernstein, directed by Martin Rift and co-starring Woody Allen, Zero Mostel and Herschel Bernardi was released today in the United States by Columbia Pictures.

    1978:  Conclusion of the first Camp David summit talks hosted by President Carter and attended by Begin and Sadat. The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.

    1980: In New York at The Jewish Museumopening of Andy Warhol: Portraits of Jews of the Twentieth Century

    1982(29th of Elul, 5742): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1982(29th of Elul, 5742): Sam H. Toubin, a merchant in Brenham, Texas, who owned stores in nine different towns and was the husband of Rosa Levin Toubin, the historian for the local Jewish community, passed away.

    1982(29thof Elul, 5742): Ninety year old David Dubinsky, former president of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and an influential labor leader for more than three decades, died today in Manhattan after a long illness.

    1983(10thof Tishrei, 5744): Yom Kippur

    1984: B'nai Brith Women denounced a B'nai Brith International resolution to begin admitting women to the previously all-male organization. BBW declared full independence from B'nai B'rith in 1995 and changed its name to Jewish Women International. Today, Jewish Women International focuses on three main issues: domestic violence, the emotional well-being of children, and the expression of Jewish life and values. JWI also still supports many of the organizations that it did while a part of B'nai Brith such as Hillel, The B'nai B’rith Youth Organization, and the Children's Home and Group House in Jerusalem. (JWA) 1988(6thof Tishrei, 5749): Seventy-seven year old New Jersey native Albert “Reds” Weinger who was “four sport” (football, basketball, baseball and track) at Muhlenberg College before playing one year with Philadelphia Eagles of the NFL passed away today.

    1985(2ndof Tishrei, 5746): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1985(2ndof Tishrei, 5746): Seventy-eight year Fred Polak, the Dutch futurist and author of The Image of the Future, passed away today.

    1987: The first episode of “Out of this World” a fantasy sitcom starring Donna Prescow aired today.

    1988(6thof Tishrei, 5749): Parsashat Vayeilech; Shabbat Shuva

    1989: “New Jewish Group Formed for Interfaith Ties” published today described the formation of “the Jewish Council for International Interreligious Relations.”

    1990(27thof Elul, 5750): Ninety-one year old poet and authoress Amy K. Blank passed away today.

    1990: CBS broadcast the first episode of “The Trials of Rosie O’Neill” a legal drama produced by Barney Rosenzweig that starred his wife in the title role.

    1991(9thof Tishrei, 5752): Erev Yom Kippur – As Jews hear the strains the Kol Nidre, the Soviet Union which had been a prison house for so many is officially coming to an end.

    1993(2nd of Tishrei, 5754): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1993: “The Age of Innocence,” the film version of the novel by the same name starring Winona Ryder with music by Elmer Bernstein was released in the United States today by Columbia Pictures.

    1994: Ninety two year old Sir Karl Popper, “one of the greatest philosophers of science of the twentieth century passed away today.

    1995: The New York Times book section includes a review of An Obsession With Anne Frank: Meyer Levin and the Diary by Lawrence Graver.

    1998: At the Toronto International Film Festival premiere of “I’m Losing You” featuring Lisa Edelstein, Gina Gershon and Laraine Newman.

    1999(7thof Tishrei, 5760): Eighty-four year old English actress Joan Korda, the widow of director Zoltan Korda lost her battle with cancer and passed away today in Beverly Hills.

    1999: A year after premiering at the Toronto Intentional Film Festival, “L.A. Without a Map” featuring Lisa Edelstein as “Sandra” was released today in the United Kingdom.

    2000: The New York Times included reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including No Good-Byesby Elaine Kagan and From Herzl to Rabin: The Changing Image of Zionismby Amnon Rubinstein

    2003(20th of Elul, 5763): Eighty-two year old Rumanian Holocaust survivor and MK Yithak Artzi passed away today.

    2005: “Mayor Thomas Menino proclaimed today Curious George Day in Boston.”

    2005: “The Washington Post reported that Judith Miller had received a "parade of prominent government and media officials" during her first 11 weeks in prison” where she was serving time for civil contempt.

    2005:  Haaretz reported that construction would begin next year on the first synagogue to be built in Estonia since World War II. President Moshe Ktsav will attend the cornerstone laying ceremony which will be held on the 61stanniversary of the murder of 2000 Estonian Jews.

    2006: The New York Times Book Section featured a review of The Greatest Story Ever Sold by the Jewish author and columnist Frank Rich. According to the review Rich “examines the ways the Bush administration has blurred the lines between politics and show business.”

    2006: The Washington Post Book Section featured a review of Fritz Stern’s The Persistence of Memoir  in which “a great historian offers a memoir about a life marked by the shadow of Nazism.”  This is not Stern’s first book about Jews and Germany.  Previously he wroteGold and Iron a book on the close relationship between the 19th-century German chancellor Otto von Bismarck and the Jewish banker Gerson von Bleichröder.  This book is different because it is a personal account of Germans including Frtiz’s family, whose parents and/or grandparents had converted to Christianity and did not consider themselves Jews.

    2006: The Chicago Tribune Book Section included a review of The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million by Daniel Mendelsohn.

    2007: Channel 2 Television Station in St. Louis, MO broadcasts a story about the Jewish Musical Revolution spearheaded by Rich Recht who is ably assisted by Abbe Silber, daughter of Cedar Rapidians Dr. Bob Silber and his wife Laurie Silber, President of Temple Judah.

    2007: Publication of The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World by former Federal

     Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan in which he “describes the Bush administration as so captive to its own political operation that it paid little attention to fiscal discipline, and he described Mr. Bush’s first two Treasury secretaries, Paul O’Neil and John Snow as essentially powerless.” Greenspan also questions the reason for the war against Iraq saying it was caused by Bush’s interest in Iraqi oil.

    2007: Sport Illustrated Magazine features an article entitled “Toasting Toots” a new film that celebrates the life of Toots Shore and “celebrates a sports bar where real athletes hung out.”

    2007: U.S. News & World Report featured an article entitled “The ‘Israel Lobby’ Myth” by former U.S. Secretary of State George P. Shultz in which he debunks the myth of a conspiratorial Israel Lobby that acts in a way that is inimical to the best interests of the United States.  In part he writes, “questioning Israel for its actions is legitimate, but lies are something else….The catalog of lies about Jews is long and astonishingly crude, matched only by the suffering that has followed their promulgation.”

    2007: The Tenth Annual Israeli Music Celebration opens in Haifa.

    2008: James B. Cunnigham presented his credentials as the U.S. Ambassador to Israel.

    2008: “City’s Basketball Hall Welcomes 98-Year-Old Inductee” published today described the basketball career of Lou Bender.

    2008: Today, Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni won  Kadima’s leadership primary over Transportation Minister Shaul Mofaz, Public Security Minister Avi Dichter and Interior Minister Meir Sheetrit.

    2008: At The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary, Ilan Stavans discusses Resurrecting Hebrewas part of Schocken's "Jewish Encounters" series.

    2008:The owner and a former manager of Agriprocessors Inc. and three other employees pleaded not guilty in Allamakee County District Court to charges of 9,311 child labor law violations.

    2009: The National Archives hosts a discussion of the new anthology, The Constitution in 2020, with Jack M. Balkin and Reva B. Siegel, both professors at Yale Law School and co-editors of the book, Robert C. Post, dean of the law school, and moderator Linda Greenhouse, a journalist-in-residence and senior fellow in law, in the William G. McGowan Theater

    2009: Beer Sheva Theatre presents "A Comedy of Errors," starring Eyal Rosales and Ron Bitterman. This production is set in Havana, the capital of Cuba, where the comic mishaps of this Shakespeare comedy come to life.

    2009: “Wolf Blitzer competed on an episode of Celebrity Jeopardy!, finishing the Double Jeopardy round with −$4,600.”

    2009: The 92nd Street Y presents “Ron Arad: Dialogues with Design Legends” moderated by Daniella Ohad Smith.

    2009: In “A Soldiers Voice Rediscovered” published today Paul Vitello described the  “The first Jewish religious service broadcast from Germany since the advent of Hitler” and the role Private Max Fuchs played in this momentous event.

    2009: As of today Barnet Hospital which was named for Nathan Barnet, the mayor of Paterson, NJ, who founded the institution “is at over 90% capacity with tenants that include pharmacists, hospice care, an adult day-care center, a sub-acute rehabilitation center and group practices that provide primary care.

    2010: As Jews prepare to begin their Yom Kippur fast this experts in Israel have prepared a list of do’s and don’ts to help people prepare for the fast and/or fast at all.

    2010: Today, Freedom by Jonthan Franzen was named as the news Oprah’s Book Club Selection.

    2010: Russia still intends to go through with an arms deal with Syria including the sale of advance anti-ship rockets, despite recent attempts by Israeli and US officials to thwart the planned deal, Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov said today according to state news agency RIA Novosti. The deal includes the sale of advanced P-800 Yakhont supersonic cruise missiles to the Syrian military. Israel considers this weaponry capable of posing a significant threat to its navy vessels in the Mediterranean Sea. The Russian defense minister indicated that Russia would go ahead with the contract that was formulated in 2007, saying that "the matter of missile sales to Syria was raised during the talks with US Defense Secretary Robert Gates and undoubtedly, the Russian side of the contract would be fulfilled." Sergei Prikhodko, a senior adviser to Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, told RIA Novosti that Moscow would fulfill all agreements it had made with foreign countries and would not halt the deal. Israel has expressed concern over the deal to supply Syria with advanced supersonic P-800 Yakhont cruise missiles, which would pose a major threat to Israel Navy ships if transferred to Hizbullah. During the 2006 Second Lebanon War, Hizbullah hit the Israel Navy missile corvette ‘Hanit’ with an Iranian-supplied surface-to-sea missile, killing four sailors.  [Editor’s Note – It sounds as if somebody needs to write a sequel to Foxbats Over Dimona.] 

    2010(9th of Tishrei, 5771): Erev Yom Kippur

    2010(9th of Tishrei, 5771): Joyce Beber, Creator of Ads for Leona Helmsley, passed away today at the age of 80 (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    2011: True to his word Jason Marquis of the Washington Nationals pitched erev Yom Kippur retiring “just one batter against the Phillies, giving up six hits and six runs on the way to his ninth loss of the season.”

    2011: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor its Annual Trivia Night.

    2011: The Israeli Folk Dance Rosh Hashanah Marathon is scheduled to take place this evening at Lexington Avenue at 92nd Street in Manhattan.

    2011: A ribbon of more than 2,000 cyclists stretched out along Highway 3 on today, as thousands gathered for a memorial ride to mark the week anniversary of the death of two cyclists, Shalom Grossman and Yitzhak Simon, who were hit and killed during a ride on August 13.

    2011: Taking part in world-renowned artist Spencer Tunick’s “Naked Sea” art installation early this morning of more than 1,000 nude models from ages 20 to 77 in the Dead Sea was both exhilarating and strangely natural.

    2012: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform this evening at The Jefferson in Arlington, VA.

    2012(1stof Tishrei, 5773): Rosh Hashanah (and that says it all)

    2012: Some 150,000 people took advantage of the first day of the new Jewish year to visit Israel's parks, forests and nature reserves today, according to the Jewish National Fund and the Nature and Parks Authority.

    2013: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor a program of “Israeli Dance,” that incorporates Jewish and Israeli culture through choreographed dances set to modern Israeli music.”

    2013: Genealogist Sharon Hodges is scheduled to present the first session of “Coming to America in the Early 1900’s: The Immigrant Experience: at the JCC of Northern Virginia.

    2013: The Botticelli’s fresco “The Annunciation of San Martino alla Scala” is scheduled to go on display at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem

    2013: The United States said today an Arab push to single out Israel for criticism over its assumed nuclear arsenal would hurt diplomatic efforts to ban weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. 2013: The IDF announced today that by the end of next month, it would stop deploying soldiers to protect 22 border communities along the Lebanese and the Gaza-Sinai borders. However, the decision would not affect West Bank settlements, which fall under the Central Command’s jurisdiction, Israel Radio reported. (As reported by Michal Smulovich)

    2014: “The World Knew: Jan Karski’s Mission for Human” an “exhibition that illustrates his mission of courage during WW II and his subsequent life” is scheduled to open at the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center.

    2014: The Hebrew Language Table (LCPA) is one of the cosponsors of today’s scheduled screening of “The Trials” with Director Martin Smok.

    2014(22ndof Elul): Yarhrzeit Joseph B. Levin, husband of Deborah Levin z”tzl, father of Judy z”tzl, Mitchell and David without whom literally, this blog would never exist and who prophetically told me that someday somebody would pay me write “a simple declarative sentence.”

    2014: Interior Minister Gideon Sa’ar announced today that he was taking “a time-out from politics, joining Benny Begin, Dan Meridor and Moshe Kahlon as Likud leaders who have left the party

    2014: According to an Israeli study released to “artificial sweeteners maybe boosting the risk of diabetes.” (As reported by Richard Ingham)

    2014: Minnesota Vikings owner Zygi Wilf, the son of Holocaust survivors told reporters today that the team has changed its mind again and, after re-activating Andrian Peterson, they have decided to suspend him with pay while he deals with his indictment for child abuse.

    2015: Annie Cohen-Solal is scheduled to lecture on the life “iconic artist” Mark Rothko at the University of Scranton in Scranton, PA.

    2015: The Center for Jewish History and American Jewish Historical Society are scheduled to present a discussion of race, religious identity, gender and the legacies of the black/Jewish relationship during the Civil Rights Movement featuring authors Letty Cotin Pogrebin and Marcia Ann Gillespie.

    2016: In New York, the 16th Annual National Conference of the Jewish National Fund is scheduled to continue for a second day.

    2016: “London’s first Muslim mayor, Sadiq Khan” is schedule to join “Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel at Anshe Sholom B’nai Israel, a modern Orthodox synagogue in the northern part of the city” for Shabbat morning services.

    2016: “Two projectiles fired from Syria were intercepted by the Iron Dome defense system” this afternoon.

    2016: “A Palestinian assailant,” Hatem Abdel-Hafiz al-Shaloudi “attacked Israeli soldiers with in Hebron” this morning “wounding one of them before being shot and killed.

    2016(14thof Elul, 5776): Parashat Ki Taytzay

    2017: In Atlanta, the Bremen is scheduled to host a visit to Westview Cemetery as part of its Historic Jewish Atlanta Tours.

    2017: Today, The New York Times published a controversial review of Blurred Lines: Rethinking Sex, Power and Consent on Campus by Buffalo born columnist and critic Michelle Goldberg

    2017: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Everything is Copy,” a tribute to writer and filmmaker Nora Ephron “directed by son Jacob Bernstein.”

    2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Bloomberg: A Billionaire’s Ambition by Chris McNickle, Forest Dark by Nicole Krauss and Dinner at the Center of the Earth by Nathan Englander.

    2017: Jeffrey Tambor, Julia Louis-Dreyfus and Live Schreiber are among those awaiting the outcome of the Emmy Awards presentation scheduled for tonight.’

    2018: Professor Macaulay-Lewis, an active archaeologist and architectural historian and the author of Bayt Farhi and the Sephardic Palaces of Ottoman Damascus in the Late 18th and 19th Centuries is scheduled to deliver a lecture at the Center For Jewish History in which she “will present new research on the remarkable courtyard houses of the Farhi and other important Sephardic families in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in Damascus.”

    2018: Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to host a production “The Woman and the Wind: A play for the month of Tishrei.”

    2018: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of the Silver Lion award winning film “Paradise.”


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    September 18

    825 BCE: The Jewish people began a 14-day celebration to dedicate the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. The Temple project was initiated by King David, and built by his son, King Solomon. Solomon's Temple was the spiritual center of Jewish life for 410 years, until its destruction by the Babylonians in 422 BCE (As reported by Aish)

    31: Sejanus, Roman head of Praetorian Guard was murdered in the periodic intrigue that wracked Roman government at the imperial level.  Born in 20 BCE, Sejanus was in the business of violently dispatching then enemies of the Emperor Tiberias.  Sejanus had a reputation as anti-Semite and his patron Tiberius was no friend of the Jews.

    53: Birthdate of Trajan who was Roman Emperor when the Jews in the Diaspora revolted in 115. The revolt ended in 117 but Trajan died before the Jews were vanquished.

    323: Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine's sole control over the Roman Empire. This victory came between the Edict of Milan (313) which legalized Christianity and the Council of Nicea (325) which was designed to bring conformity to Christian doctrine and practice.  This victory by the first “Christian Emperor” would help in the drive to make Christianity the only acceptable religion throughout the Roman Empire.

    1180: King Louis VII of France died. His reign had not been a good period for the Jews since in 1144 he expelled all the Jews who had converted to Christianity and then returned to Judaism. Also, during his reign I the first Blood Libel in France took place in Blois in 1171.

    1180: Philip Augustus became king of France.Immediately after his coronation Philip Augustus ordered the Jews arrested on a Saturday, in all their synagogues, and despoiled of their money and their vestments. In the following April, 1182, he published an edict of expulsion, but according the Jews a delay of three months for the sale of their personal property. Immovable property, however, such as houses, fields, vines, barns, and wine-presses, he confiscated. The Jews attempted to win over the nobles to their side, but in vain. In July they were compelled to leave the royal domains of France (and not the whole kingdom); their synagogues were converted into churches. These successive measures were simply expedients to fill the royal coffers. The goods confiscated by the king were at once converted into cash.” Desperate for money, Phillip reversed his decisions and allowed the Jews to return in 1196.  The conditions were humiliating for the Jewish community and exposed the avaricious nature of the French monarch. The King established special accounts to keep track of the financial condition of the Jews to ensure that he collected the maximum amount of money from that that was possible.  At a time when serfdom was beginning to disappear, the Jews became the serfs of the King and his nobles.  Just as they could dispose of “my lands” in any manner they so fit, so could they treat “my Jews” in any way they chose.

    1346: The sons Judah ben Asher “the German Talmudist who became the Rabbi at Toledo” signed an agreement similar to the one already signed by their father and their uncle regarding “the disposition of their own earnings” for charitable purposed.

    1380: The Cortes of Soria, Castile, denies the rights of Jews to judge their own criminal cases. The Cortes also reaffirmed King Enrique II's decree forbidding Jews from serving in the royal administration. These events help fuel the harangues of Ferran Martinez who lead the bloody anti-Jewish events of 1391.

    1505 Consecration of Gian Pietro Carafa, who as Pope Paul IV had issued The bull, Cum Nimis Absurdum (the title stemmed from its opening phrase, "Since it is absurd") ordering the creation of a Jewish ghetto in Rome” which would have the immediate effect of reducing by half the Jewish population during a five year period.

    1553(10thof Tishrei): Yom Kippur is additionally somber following the recent burning of copies of the Talmud.

    1573: During the Eighty Years War, Spain attacked the Dutch city of Alkmaar.  The Dutch forces would withstand the subsequent siege.  Their victory proved to be a turning point in the Eighty Years, which when it ended would guarantee that the Netherlands would be an independent nation free from Spanish control. This meant that Holland would continue to be a place of refuge for the Jews of Europe, especially those fleeing the Spanish Inquisition, and provide a place where a Jewish community could flourish.

    1612 (27 Elul): In Frankfurt, Vincent Fettmilch a former pastry cook and leader of the Guilds", calling himself the "new Haman of the Jews attacked the synagogue while the community was at prayer. Although many tried to organize a defense they were soon overpowered and many took shelter in the cemetery. He was beheaded four years later. His real crime was to turn against the ruling class of Frankfort.  It was for this for which he lost his head.

    1722: On “the eve of the New Year 5483” the Great Synagogue, which was later referred to as “Moses Hart’s Shul” was dedicated in London.

    1739: The Treaty of Belgrade was signed today ending one of the many wars between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburgs. As a result of the treaty, Belgrade and northern parts of Serbia were ceded to the Ottoman Empire.  This was a positive event for the Jews of the region, many of whom were Sephardim whose progenitors had arrived after the Spanish Inquisition.  At this time living under the Ottomans was preferable to life under the Habsburgs.  Additionally, it made it easier for the Jews to engage in overseas trade.

    1758(15thof Elul, 5518): Rabbi Akiv Eger author of Mishnas De'Rebbi Akiva who was rabbi of Zülz, Silesia from 1749 and Pressburg from 1756 and the grandfather of Rabbi Akiva  Eger passed away today.

    1764(Elul, 5524): Jonathan Eybeschütz, the Dayan of Prague who served simultaneously as the Rabbi of Alton, Hamburg and Wandsbek, passed away today.

    1765: Birthdate of Pope Gregory XVI. In 1836 the Jewish community of Rome will send a petition to Pope Gregory XVI begging him to stop the annual Saturnalia abuse of the Jewish community. He will refuse the request saying that, “It is not opportune to make any innovation.”

    1773(1stof Tishrei, 5534): As the colonists try and figure out how to respond to the Tea Act of 1773 Jews observe Rosh Hashanah just 3 months before the Boston Tea Party.

    1783: Sixty-five year old Hebrew scholar Benjamin Kennicott, a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford and a fellow of the Royal Society who wrote The State of the Printed Hebrew Text of the Old Testament and Vetus Testamentum hebraicum cum variis lectionibus (Old Testament in Hebrew with a variety of lessons) and who in 1760 “issued proposals for collating all Hebrew manuscripts of date prior to the invention of printing” passed away today.

    1790: Forty-four year old Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn who was the patron of Jacob Philadelphia, “a Jewish magician, physicist, mechanic, juggler, astrologer, alchemist, and Kabbalist” passed away today.

    1792(2ndof Tishrei, 5553): Second Day of Rosh Hashana

    1806: Today “Louis-Mathieu Molé announced to the Assembly that the emperor was satisfied with the answers and that he intended, in order to give a religious sanction to the principles expressed therein, to call together a Sanhedrin. Like the Sanhedrin of old, this Sanhedrin was to be composed of seventy-one members, two-thirds rabbis and one-third laymen, having at their head one president and two vice-presidents.”

    1808: Moses Nathan married Hava Samuel at the Hambro Synagogue today.

    1810:  Under the leadership of Bernard O”Higgins, Chile declared her independence from Spain. It would take Chile 8 years of effort to finally gain that independence.  The new Chilean government would ban the Inquisition which would give Chile’s Convsersos a chance to begin practicing their faith in public.  O’Higgins enjoyed support among the Convserso Community.

    1818: During a period of reaction under King Frederick William III, the Jews of Prussia were no longer allowed to hold any academic positions.  This led some Jews, including Heine, to conclude that the only road to real advancement passed through the Baptismal font.

    1820(10th of Tishrei, 5581): As James Monroe seeks re-election in a Presidential election unique because he would win all but one of the votes in the Electoral College, Jews observe Yom Kippur

    1825: Birthdate of Alexander Abraham de Sola, a Canadian Rabbi, author, Orientalist, and scientist. Originating from a large renowned family of Rabbis and scholars, De Sola was part of family long known for its Rabbis and scholars. He was recognized as one of the most powerful leaders of Orthodox Judaism in the United States during the latter half of the nineteenth century. He passed away on June 5, 1882.

    1825: Birthdate of Seligman Baer, the native of Baden who was “a student of the Masoretic text, an editor of the Hebrew Bible and Jewish liturgy.”

    1828(10thof Tishrei, 5589): As Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams square off in one of the nastiest Presidential campaigns of the young republic, Jews observe Yom Kippur

    1830(1stof Tishrei, 5591): Rosh Hashanah

    1830: Birthdate of Hungarian-born American Hebrew scholar and Rabbi, Adolph Huebsch

    1831: In Budapest, Hermann Diamant, the maternal grandfather of Theodor Herzl and Johanna Katharine Diamant gave birth to Rosalie Reik

    1839(10th of Tishrei, 5600): Yom Kippur

    1842(14thof Tishrei, 5603): Erev Sukkoth

    1842(14thof Tishrei, 5603): Fifty-five year old French diplomat Frédéric Cerfberr perished today at sea while traveling from New York to France.

    1843: Aron Ezekiel Hart wrote to John Neilson, the editor of the Quebec Gazette today that his father, Ezekiel Hart, who was on Nielson’s “dearest friends” had passed away at the age of 73 on Saturday, September 26/

    1848: In Popowitz, Bohemia, Jacob Robi and Josephine Arnstein gave birth to Adolph Robi, the husband of Josephine B. Hahn, the mayor and postmaster Northville, NY who finally settled in St. Louis in 1893.

    1849(2nd of Tishrei, 5610): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1850: In New York, Benvenida Solis and Leon Ritterband gave birth to their seventh and youngest child David Solis Ritterband.

    1851: The New-York Daily Times, which will become The New York Times,begins publishing.  Adolph Ochs would acquire the Times in 1896.  It is true that a Jewish family owns the New York Times.  But it has never been “a Jewish newspaper.”

    1854: In London, Solomon and Rachel Lubin Weinstock gave birth to Harris Weinstock, the New York businessman who followed the injunction to Go West Young Man, Go West by moving to California where he founded a department store with his half-brother David Lubin that would be known as “Weinstock’s”, served as a Colonel in the National Guard and who was the husband of Barbara Felsenthal with whom he had two sons and two daughters.

    1854: A column styled “Items of German News” published today reported that two dozen Russian Jews have been detained at the Prussian city of Memel.  Apparently, “they had smuggled themselves across the border” with Russia and had bordered an English steamer that was about to leave the city when they were discovered.  They were detained because they did not have passports.  At this time, nobody knows what will be done with them.

    1858(10thof Tishrei, 5619): Yom Kippur

    1858: Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto who as Pope Pius X met with Theodore Herzl at the Vatican in 1904 and expressed the statement that “Jerusalem cannot be placed in Jewish hands” because the Jews did not recognize Jesus Christ, was ordained today as a Priest.

    1858: Birthdate of Lawrence Alfred Isaacs, a graduate of University College School, a longtime member fhte Jewish Working Men’s Club and Lad’s Institute which he served as treasurer of 11 years and the “representative of the Jewish Working Men’s Club at the Council of the Working Men’s Club and Institute Union who was a resident of West Hampstead.

    1860(2ndof Tishrei, 5621): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1861(14th of Tishrei, 5622): Erev Sukkoth

    1861: Birthdate of “Amalie (Emma) Henriette Jessen” the wife historian Ernst Bernheim who lost his position and reputation when the Nazis came to power and whose foster Hetti Meyer was killed at Theresienstadt.

    1862: President Abraham Lincoln signed the commission naming Rabbi Jacob Franklin as the Jewish Hospital Chaplain for Philadelphia, PA which “was becoming ‘a central depository for sick and wounded soldiers’” including many Jewish members of the Union Army.  A native of Bavaria, Germany, Frankel had been serving as the rabbi and cantor for Rodeph Shalom, before the Civil War.  His appointment made him the first rabbi to be named as a chaplain after the law was changed to make this possible.  Frankel served for three years while continuing to function as the leader of the Philadelphia congregation.

    1866(9thof Tishrei, 5672): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre

    1868(2ndof Tishrei, 5629): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1868: Sabato Morais received “a life-time contract from Mikveh Israel in Philadelphia, PA

    1868: On the second day of the Battle of Beecher’s Island Colonel George A. Forsyth’s Company of Scouts which included Sigmund Shlesinger continued their fight with a larger force led by Roman Nose and suffered so many casualties that Forsyth sent a runner to bring back reinforcements.  (Be Shlesinger wished her was in synagogue even if the sermon was boring)

    1870: In Maryland, a lawsuit was filed in Circuit Court for Baltimore City by members of the Baltimore Hebrew Congregation known as the Lloyd City Synagogue, claiming that changes have been adopted in ritual in a manner that violates the articles of incorporation.

    1870: It was reported today that the Jews are about to established a Hebrew University in Berlin. The university is expected will adopt the best academic practices of any European university and will be open to Jews regardless of the place of origin.

    1871(3rd of Tishrei, 5632): Tzom Gedaliah

    1871: Eighty-year old Amsterdam native Joseph Myers, who in 1819 had married Rebecca Cohen with whom he had three daughters was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1874: In Baltimore, “Phillip Hamburger and Rachel Bernei” gave birth to Louis Philip Hamburger, the Johns Hopkins Medical School graduate and husband of Freda Hamburger who was “an instructor” at his alma mater who was “examining physician at the National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives” and “consulting physician at the Hebrew Hospital.”

    1876(29thof Elul, 5636): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1878: Mayor Philips of New Orleans is scheduled to inform Mark Moses, the former Rabbi of the Jackson Street Synagogue who is now in Providence, Rhode Island, that his wife, two sons –Samuel aged 21 and Isaac aged 10 – and his 20 year old daughter Matilda have all passed away this week during the Yellow Fever Epidemic.  The only survivor is his 4 year old daughter.

    1879(1st of Tishrei, 5640): Rosh Hashanah

    1879(1stof Tishrei, 5640): Seventy-year old Meïr Leibush ben Yehiel Michel Weiser known as the Malbim passed away today.

    1879: An article published today that decried the quality of the butter available today traced the history of the dairy delight back to the days of “the ancient Hebrews’; a little known fact that will come to a surprise to those who think butter is a modern invention.

    1880: Religious freedom was granted to the Jews of Morocco.  The Moroccan Jewish community was an ancient one. The Rambam had lived at Fez after leaving in Spain.  A large part of the Moroccan Jewish community would leave for Israel after the creation of the state in 1948.

    1880: “Flying Men” published today includes the strange tale an 8thcentury Sicilian magician named Diodorous who converted from Christianity to Judaism.  He carved statues for a living including a an elephants made from lava that could still be seen at Catania in the second half of the 19th century.  According to legend, this “modern day” Icarus flew from Constantinople to Catina, a trick which led to him being burned at the stake by the local bishop.

    1880: It was reported today that based on studies of different religious denominations in Berlin 1 out of every 400 babies born to Jewish parents are deaf-mutes as compared to 1in 3,000 for Catholics and 1 in 2,000 for Protestants.  The disparity between the Jews is attributed to the fact that Jews “encourage intermarriage with blood relations” as compared to Catholics who forbid it and Protestants who tolerate it.

    1880 “Byron” published today provided a review of Byron a biography of the English poet  by John Nichol which includes mention of the little known “Hebrew Melodies written in 1814” which show “the author’s familiarity with the Old Testament .”

    1882(5thof Tishrei, 5643): Seventy-two year old Alejandro Chumacero, the chakam (rabbi) of Curacao, Dutch West Indies and the father of four prominent sons -- Abraham Mendes Chumaceiro, Benjamin Mendes Chumaceiro, Jacob Mendes Chumaceiro and Joseph Chayyim Mendes Chumaceiro – passed away today at Amsterdam.

    1883: Three days after he had passed away, Elias Davis, the son of Israel Davis and the former Rosetta Levy and he husband of the former Elisabeth Moses with whom he had five children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemeery.

    1884(28thElul, 5644): Sixty-eight year old Abraham Stein passed away in Prague today where he had been serving as rabbi at the old Meisel Synagogue since 1864 when it changed “to a modern temple with a choir, organ and sermon.”

    1884: “A Bid For Hebrew Votes published today described the events surrounding the race for Governor of Connecticut.  The opponents of Henry B. Harrison have reminded voters of anti-Semitic language he used in a jury summation in 1857; language for which he has apparently never apologized.

    1885(10thof Tishrei, 5646): In Alpena, Michigan, a cantor was retained for the first time to lead Yom Kippur services today.

    1887(29thof Elul, 5647): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1887: “The Jewish New Year” published today reported that the Jewish New Year, 5648, will begin tomorrow, and that it is the most important holiday on the calendar with the exception of Yom Kippur.  (What makes this item exceptional is that it appeared in on the nation’s leading secular newspapers, not a Jewish publication.)

    1890: The Bowling Circle of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association held its first meeting this evening and elected offices.

    1890: Second Lieutenant Oren B. Meyer transferred from the U.S. 1stCavalry to the U.S. 2nd Cavalry.

    1890: Professor W.R. Harper, the Chairman of the Hebrew Languages and Literature Department at Yale University was chosen to serve at the President of the University of Chicago.

    1890(4th of Tishrei, 5651): Benjamin Franklin Peixotto, one of the most prominent Jewish leaders of the second half of the 19th century, died of consumption today at his home in New York City surrounded by members of his family including two children. His wife was not with him.  She has a fatal heart condition and is lying near death at Baden Baden, where she is in the company of the couples other children.   Peixotto’s father had come to New York from Amsterdam to serve as a rabbi.  Peixotto was born in New York in 1834.  When he was 13, his father died and he moved to Cleveland where eventually wrote for the Cleveland Plain Dealer and studied law. From his earliest days, Peixotto took an active interest in the affairs of the Jewish community serving as a Grand Master of the B’nai B’rith and a director of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of Cleveland, an institution for which he had obtained the original charter from the Ohio State Legislature. He returned to New York in 1866 and then moved to San Francisco in 1867 where he practiced law.  President Grant appointed him Consul to Bucharest in 1870, at a time when the civilized world was expressing their disgust at the persecution of the Jews of Romania.  He held the position for five years where he effectively represented the interest of the United States while working to ameliorate the worsening condition of his co-religionist.  He returned to the United States where he took an active role the campaign to elect Ruther B. Hayes as President.  He turned down an offer to serve as U.S. Consul to St. Petersburg (Russia) in 1877 but accepted an appointment as U.S. Consul to Lyons, France, a position he held until 1885 when he returned to New York to resume he practice of law.  In 1886, he found Menorah, a monthly publication devoted to topics related to the B’nai B’rith, Jewish literature and the Jewish religion.

    1891: In Newark, NJ, Charles Lieberman, an active member of the synagogue on Bedford Street went to Justice Priesel and asked him to issue arrest warrants for six Polish Jews who “had entered the synagogue and held a bacchanalian orgy.

    1891: Almost three thousand members of Temple Beth-El took part “in the consecration of their new house of worship” at the corner of 76th Street and 5thAvenue.

    1892: In Seattle, Washington, Ohaveth Sholum Congregation opened their synagogue which had been designed by Herman Stenman.  It was the second synagogue to open in the state within a four day period.

    1892: “Cholera Has Spared The Jews” published today described the results of an investigation by Jewish communal officials that could find only 40 cases of the disease among the quarter of a million of the Jews living in Russia.  The study did not include Poland, but it would seem to disprove the contention that Russian Jews passing through Hamburg are responsible for the cholera epidemic

    1893(9thof Tishrei, 5654): Erev Yom Kippur

    1893: “The musical portions of the services” at Temple Emanu-El, Temple Beth-El and Temple Ahavath Chesed are expected to “be especially beautiful” this evening.

    1894: Members of Company D, 47th Regiment of the New York National Guard have been charged with vandalism in Tompkinsville including the destruction of the front fence of the town’s synagogue.

    1894: Birthdate of Leo Perper, the native of Odessa who came to the United States in 1908 where he became a successful merchant.

    1895: One day after she had passed away, 36 year old Rebecca Lyons, he wife of Nathan Lyons was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery on Buckingham Road.”

    1895: “Bavarian Enmity To Stern” published today described U.S. Ambassador Runyon’s effort to intervene on behalf of Louis Stern and Germany’s hostile reaction including attacks by Munich newspapers that claim “such efforts might be effective in Morocco but not in Germany.”


    1896: Lucie Hadamard Dreyfus “signed a petition to the Chamber of Deputies that denounced "the negation of any sort of justice" represented by the conviction "on a charge that the prosecution produced unbeknownst to him, and which thereafter could not be discussed either with him or with his lawyer."

    1897: In Austria, Isaac and Sarah Fernhoff gave birth William Fernhoff, the Vienna trained doctor who came to the United States in 1924 where a year later he married Tola Schwartz and practiced medicine until his death in automobile accident in 1955.

    1897: “Will Support Seth Low” punlished today quotes The Hebrew Standard as, “As the leading Jewish papers in this city, The Hebrew Standard has always…been a staunch supporter of of Tammany Hall, but it now advocates Mr. Low because it proposes to be independent in this campaign and because such action voices the sentiment of the best element of the Jewish people of New York, who compose the bone and sinew of its commerce and trade…”

    1898(2ndof Tishrei, 5659): 2nd day of Rosh Hashanah

    1898: Charles Putzi who is thought to have been involved in the Dreyfus hung himself today aboard the SS La Gascogne a day after it had sailed from La Harve.

    1898: In Pittsburgh, PA, Morris and Gitel Adler gave birth to Saul Adler for whom the Saul Adler Community Center in Monroe, LA was named.

    1898: The first edition of Anti-Juif Stephanois was published today.

    1899: “The Children of the Ghetto” by Israel Zangwill will open today in Washington, DC for a week long run before moving to Baltimore for a week and Philadelphia for two weeks before finally opening in New York in October.

    1901: Birthdate of director and critic Harold Edgar Clurman whose first theatre experience came when as a child his parents took to him Yiddish productions on the Lower East Side of New York.

    1902: Three days after she had passed away, seventy-one year old Dutch born “Nancy (Bosman) Abrahams, the widow Jacob Isaac Abrahams was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery on Buckingham Road.”

    1902(16th of Elul, 5662):  Dr. Isaac (Yitzhak) Rülf who served as a Rabbi in the Prussian city of Memel and who was a Jewish teacher, journalist and philosopher passed away.  Born in 1831, he became widely known for his aid work and as a prominent early Zionist – a role that set him apart from many of clerical brethren.

    1904(9thof Tishrei, 5665): Erev Yom Kippur

    1904(9thof Tishrei, 5665): Eighty-two year old the Baltimore born physician who spent almost four decades pursuing a medical career in the United States that included service during both the Mexican-American War and the Civil War.

    1907(10th of Tishrei, 5668): Yom Kippur

    1907: Birthdate of Gerda Baier who survived Theresienstadt only to be murdered at Auschwitz.

    1907: Birthdate of actor Leon Askin was an Austrian actor. Born Leo Aschkenasyinto a Jewish family in Vienna, Askin already wanted to be an actor as a child. His dream came true, and in the 1930s he worked as a cabaret artist and director at the "ABCTheatre" in Vienna: in this position he also helped the career of the writer Jura Soyfer get off the ground in 1935. Persecuted by the Nazis, Askin escaped to the United States via France, arriving in New York in 1940 with no money and less than a basic knowledge of English. When the U.S. entered the Second World War Askin joined the U.S. Army. While serving in the military he learned that his parents had been killed at Treblinka extermination camp. After the war, Askin went to Hollywood, invariably portraying foreign characters who speak English with a strong accent. He gained wide popularity by appearing as Gen. Albert Burkhalter in the sitcom Hogan's Heroes in the late 1960s.As opposed to other exiled Austrians, Askin never refused to work again in his home country. In 1994 he permanently took up residence in Vienna, where he remained active until his death in cabaret, as well as the Volksoper and Festwochen. He was awarded Vienna's Gold Medal of Honor. Leon Askin died in 2005 at the age of 97.

    1909(3rdof Tishrei, 5670): Shabbat Shuva

    1910: In Germany, Ottilie and Rabbi Julius Grünthal gave birth to Josef Grünthal who gained fame as Israeli composer Josef Tal.

    1910(14thof Elul, 5671): Ninety year old Mrs. Malke Hesselsohn passed away.

    1913: When the trial of Governor William Sulzer came before the Impeachment Court in Albany today, his defense team was led by Louis Marshall. (Marshall was Jewish; Sulzer wasn’t)

    1914: Three days after she had passed away, the former Susan Joshua, the widow of Edward Ferdinand Sichel was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1915(10th of Tishrei, 5676): Thirty-one days after the lynching of Leo Frank, Jews observe Yom Kippur

    1915: At Temple Israel, Dr. Maurice Harris made “a plea for social service” which he said “is religion’s latest word.

    1915: At the New Synagogue, Rabbi Ephraim Frisch delivered a sermon on “Juggling With the Truth” in which he said Russia “has been the only country in Europe to deliberately and brutally crush every movement toward emancipation among her own unhappy people throughout the last half century.”

    1915: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a sermon on “The Pride of the Jew” in which he said “the pride of race and religion is the defense of the Jew against prejudice and ostracism.”

    1915: At Temple Israel in Brooklyn Rabbi Nathan Krass “preached a sermon in which he analyzed social conditions “touching upon the condition of the Jew in Europe where so many rights were denied the Jew that he was practically dead.”

    1915: Leon Sanders, President of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society spoke at the afternoon service at the immigration station at Ellis Island attended by 100 Jewish detainees on the subject of “The Old World and the New.”

    1916: It was reported today that Dr. Samuel Schulman viewed as “deplorable” “the rejection by the democratic Jewish organizations” in the United States “of the peace plan” that would have led to the creation of an American Jewish Congress to demand equal rights for Jews in other countries.”

    1916: “The campaign of the Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies to increase the yearly total of Jewish donations to $2,000,000 was begun” today “by Felix M. Warburg, the Chairman, who said he expected a successful campaign” but promised to issue period progress reports.

    1917: In Springfield, Massachusetts, Morris Forer, “a Jewish emigrant from Russia” and Ida Robinson who combined Lithuanian Jewish and French Quebec ancestry gave birth to June Lucille Forer who gained fame as actress June Foray best known for providing the voices for countless animated characters include “Rocky the flying squirrel” and Natasha Fatal.

    1917(2nd of Tishrei, 5678): Four days after the Provisional Government declared that Russia was a Republic, a move that filled many Russian Jews with hope for the future observance of the Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1917: Second day of the special holiday campaign aimed at raising and additional one million dollars for the Jewish War Relief Fund led by Louis Marshall.

    1918(12thof Tishrei, 5679): Major Rupert M. Burstan, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Solomon Burstan, a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy who took a commission with the U.S. Marine Corps after which “he served in Haiti for 18 months” before going to France where he “led a detachment of 1,100 Leathernecks” died today at the hospital in Dijon France after which his body was brought home for a funeral service in Chester, PA officiated by Rabbi Samuel Rabinowitz of Wilmington, Delaware.

    1918: British General Allenby renewed his offensive against the Turks after having sat idle for almost a year following the capture of Jerusalem.  Within a week the British will have driven the Turks from Nazareth and the Galilee. 

    1918: Birthdate of Austrian swimming star Judith Deutsch who refused to compete in the 1936 “Hitler Olympics.”

    1919: Pitcher Al Schacht made his major league debut with the Washington Senators.

    1919: In Germany, premiere of “Madame DuBarry” directed by Ernst Lubitsch.

    1920(6thof Tishrei, 5681): Shabbat Shuva

    1920: Rabbi de Sola Menes is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Annual Regeneration” today at the West End Synagogue.

    1920: Rabbi David Davidson is scheduled to deliver a sermon “Right and Wrong Visionists” at Congregation Tifereth Israel

    1920: In the United Kingdom, Dr. Conrad Ackner, a Jewish dentist from Vienna, who came to England before the First World War and his wife gave birth to Desmond James Conrad Ackner, “a British judge and Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.”

    1920: Forty-two year old Hugo Morris Friend was appointed to be a “Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois” from which position he serve on the bench during the trial related to the “Chicago Black Sox” betting scandal.

    1920: Benjamin Friedman of Syracuse, NY wrote to the editors of The American Hebrew complimenting them on the quality of its New Year issue.

    1920:  In Chicago, “Frank and Minna (Skud) Cohen” gave birth to Selma Jeanne Cohen who sought to make dance scholarship a respected academic discipline and was “the founding editor of the International Encyclopedia of Dance.”

    1921: Amos Kidder Fiske, author of The Jewish Scriptures and The Great Epic of Israel passed away.

    1921: Amos K. Fiske, the former editorial writer for the New York Times and author of The Great Epic of Israel passed away today.

    1924: In Boston, Harry Diamond and “the former Ida Epstein gave birth to Zelda Diamon who gained famed as “Zelda Fichandler, a seminal figure in the regional theater movement who led Arena Stage in Washington for 41 years.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    1925(29thof Elul, 5685): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1926(10th of Tishrei, 5687):  Yom Kippur

    1926: Thanks to an order from Director of Public Safety Brennan, the Jewish policemen and firemen of Newark, NJ, are excused from active duty today.

    1926: Birthdate of Joseph Kubert, “a titan among comic-book artists whose work stretched from the Golden Age of the superhero to the gritty realism of the graphic novel” (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    1926: Birthdate of Siegfried Wortman who began his career with Hakoah Vienna National team and scored Austria's second and game winning goal in its victory over Czechoslovakia.

    1926: Birthdate of Jonah J. Greenspan better known as Bud Greenspan whose cinematic activities have created a whole sub-culture in American sport.  Greenspan is the preeminent master of sport films. A four-time producer of official films of the Olympic Games, Greenspan produced the official motion pictures of the 1984 (Los Angeles), 1988 (Calgary), 1992 (Barcelona), and 1996 Olympic Centennial Games in Atlanta. He also produced the non-official two-hour TV special on the 1994 Lillehammer Winter Olympics. His "The Spirit of the Olympics", a multi-screen visual/musical tribute to the quadrennial games, is on permanent display at the Olympic Museum in Lausanne, Switzerland His book, 100 Greatest Moments in Olympic History, published in November, 1995, has had multiple printings. Greenspan has produced numerous other Olympic-related productions, among them: 16 Days of Glory, Los Angeles, Triumph and Tragedy: The 1972 Olympics, The Measure of Greatness, An Olympic Dream, the television series For the Honor of Their Country, and the two-hour docu-drama, Time Capsule: The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games. The TV series: The Olympiad, produced with his late wife, Cappy, has been seen in more than 80 countries around the world.He has earned numerous industry honors, including: The Directors Guild of America Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995, and TV Academy Emmy Awards for The Olympiad series, his Olympic vignettes, and both of the 16 Days of Glory films--Calgary (1988) and Lillehammer (1994) Greenspan was awarded the Olympic Order in 1985 by International Olympic Committee President Juan Antonio Samaranch--the 17th American to receive this honor.

    1927: Birthdate of Kurt Sauerquell, the native of Vienna, who would be known as Elliot Welles, a Holocaust survivor who spent the years after World War II as a tireless hunter of Nazis, which started with the man who murdered his mother. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    1927: Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.  Williams S. Paley, a product of the Jewish neighborhood on Chicago's West Side and the Wharton School of Finance, was already a part owner of CBS.  In 1928, he would become its President and later Chairman of the Board.  While CBS may be have been "owned and run by a Jew" it was not a Jewish media outlet.  On a personal level, Paley was a friend of Chaim Weizmann and a major financial supporter of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel.

    1929: Western Union announced tonight that normal cable service between Palestine and New York has been resumed.

    1929: In its commentary on the recent Arab attacks on the Jews of Palestine, “The Yiddish Communist daily Emes, continued its campaign against Zionism” today when it wrote, ‘Zionism was born on pogroms, existed on pogroms and has died on pogroms.’”

    1933: Birthdate of director Roman Polanski.  He is best known for such films asRosemary's Baby and Chinatown.  He gained notoriety as the husband of the cruelly murdered Sharon Tate and for his sexual dalliance with an underage girl.

    1934(9thof Tishrei, 5695): Kol Nidre

    1934: Pitcher Syd Cohen made his major league debut with the Washington Senators.(Since there were no night games in those days he must have made it to the synagogue)

    1935: Having opened in New York in August, “Broadway Melody of 1936” a musical comedy written by Moss Hart and Sid Silvers who starred in the film along with Jack Benny opened today in Los Angeles.

    1936(2ndof Tishrei, 5697): 2nd day of Rosh Hashanah

    1936: In his sermon today, Dr. Israel Goldstein told worshippers at Congregation B’nai Jershurun that “the Jews have no design upon the Arabs of Palestine” and that “they would not deprive them of any rights, even they had the power to do so” because the Jews “don wish to dominated the Arabs any more than they wish to be dominated by them.

    1936: It was reported today that “the Italians” have been secretly “aiding extremist groups among the Arabs” while also encouraging “Jews to favor Italy as a possible mandatory power in Palestine replacing Britain” despite the fact that Jewish authorities have “let Italy know that Jewish policy was firmly pro-British under all circumstances.”

    1936: At Temple Rodeph Sholom Rabbi Louis I Newman asserted that the British must “act firmly” to put an end to “disorders and protect Palestine while adding that “Jews were in Palestine in antiquity thousands of years before the country fell into Arab hands.”

    1936: At Ohen Zedek, Rabbi William Margolis “urged Jews to ‘mind their own business of religious educational activity.’”

    1936: At the Jewish Center on West 86th Street, Rabbi Leo Jung delivered a sermon entitled “The Survival of the Jew.”

    1936: Dr. Jacob Katz led services today at the Montefiore Hebrew Congregation in the Bronx.

    1936: At the Institutional Synagogue Annex, Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein delivered a sermon entitled “The of Remembrance” in which he said “as Jews and as human beings each and every one of us can only free himself from his obligations to his fellow-men and fellow-Jews by a direct gift in money for our suffering brethren abroad.”

    1936: In his sermon at Temple Oheb Shalom, “Dr. I. Mortimer Bloom” told worshippers that he “saw the growth of fascism in America as the ‘most sinister and portentous social development of our day.

    1938: Dr. Bernhard Kahn, the European chairman of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee” who arrived in New York from Europe last week is planning on attending today’s meeting of the Plan and Scope Committee chaired by Rabbi Jonah B. Wise, which “is seeking to raise $5,100,000 for the aid of Jews from German, Poland, Romania and other European Countries.

    1938: Hank Greenberg hit his 52nd and 53rd home runs of the season putting him ahead of Ruth’s 1927 record setting season.  Greenberg still need 7 to tie and 8 to break the Bambino’s record.

    1940: Secretary of State Cordell Hull sent a telegram to the American Embassy in Vichy, France, condemning the "activities as reported of Dr. Bohn and Mr. Fry and other persons, however well-meaning their motives may be” – a reference to their work trying to save Jews and others from German and Nazi forces.

    1940: Secretary of State Cordell Hull today indicated that the activities of Baron Edgar von Spiege, German Consul General in New Orleans, who has figured in a State Department warning against foreign agents' discussion of American affairs, are still under scrutiny. Hull was not an isolationist and he was certainly not blind to threat posed by Germany and Japan.  Possibly reflecting his background as veteran of the U.S. Congress who was not blind to the realities of American attitudes on race and religion, Hull was not supportive of measures designed to rescue the Jews from Hitler’s Europe.  He opposed allowing ships with cargoes of Jewish refugees to land in the United States.  He was successful in having those on board the SS St. Louis returned to Europe. However, Mrs. Roosevelt was able to thwart Hull’s desire to have the Jewish refugees on board the SS Quanza turned away from the shores of the United States.

    1941: “Heinrich Himmler wrote to Arthur Greiser, the Gauleiter in Warthegau (the areas of Poland annexed by Nazi Germany), about Adolf Hitler's desire to have all Jews in German areas moved to the East.”

    1941: The Nazis massacred the Jewish community of Shirvint, Lithuania.

    1942: Food rations are dramatically reduced for Jews throughout Greater Germany. 

    1942: Sixty-year old Polish gentile Adam Rafalowicz was murdered in Radom by the Nazis today for helping Jews in the Ghetto

    1942: Himmler stated in a letter to Autur Greiser that Hitler was demanding that the original Reich and the Protectorate be cleaned out from west to east and be rid of Jews as quickly as possible.'

    1942: Reich Minister of Justice Otto Thierack and SS chief Heinrich Himmler agree that Jews and selected other camp inmates will be transferred to SS custody for Vernichtung durch Arbeit(extermination through work); i.e., hard labor until death.

    1943: Two thousand Jews were deported to Sobibor where all but 12 die.

    1943: Two thousand Jews in Minsk, Belorussia, are deported to the Sobibór death camp; 80 are selected for forced labor and the rest are gassed.

    1943: The Nazis begin the deportation of the Jews of Lida, Belorussia to the Majdanek death camp

    1943: Hitler orders the deportation of Danish Jews.

    1944(1stof Tishrei, 5705): Rosh Hashana

    1944: As Anglo-Jewish paratroops wait to board planes that will fly them to Arnhem will they jump into hell, some of them stand under the wing of their aircraft and daven the Rosh Hashanah

    1944: Five hundred Jews participated in Rosh Hashanah services at the Naval Air Station Keflavik in Iceland.  The sefer torah for the service had been flown from the United States.

    1944: Fourteen hundred Jewish boys at Auschwitz are taken from their barracks to the children's block and are later gassed.

    1944: Bernhard Bästlein an anti-Nazi resistance fighter  was executed today at Brandenburg-Görden Prison.

    1944: Birthdate of Richard Danzig an American lawyer who served as the 71stSecretary of the Navy and was a political advisor to Barak Obama.

    1946: One portion of Emanuel Ringelblum's Warsaw Ghetto diary, which was secretly buried by Ringelblum, was discovered in a ruined house at 68 Nowolipki Street in Warsaw. Born in 1900, Ringelblum was a trained historian having received his doctorate in 1927.  He spent many years before the war working in Jewish communal activities especially with those Polish Jews who were exiled from Germany in the 1930’s.  After the Warsaw Ghetto had been built Ringelbaum was head of the cultural affairs section of the underground Jewish government.  He created an archive unit known as Oneg Shabbat which would turn out to be the most complete record of the life of Poland’s Jews under the Nazis.  Ringelblum hid his archival treasure trove including his diaries in three large metal containers. Ringelbaum took part in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and later escaped from Trawniki labor camp.  Unfortunately, his hideout was discovered and he and his family were murdered on March 7, 1944.  According to some literary critics, Ringelblum was the inspiration for the main protagonist in John Hersey’s The Wall .

    1947: Hank Greenberg plays in his last major league baseball game.

    1948: Ralph J Bunche was confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine.  Bunche would win the Nobel Prize for Peace so successfully negotiating the armistice agreements between Israel and the Arab states that had attacked her.

    1950: A meeting of the Mixed Armistice commission is held in the Jerusalem No-Man’s Land along the Green Line.

    1950: In what appears to be a change of heart, a Jordanian spokesman denied reports that it would withdraw it complaint over what it considers the Israeli invasion of Jordanian territory above the confluence of the Yarmuk and the Jordan rivers.

    1950: The Village I Knew, choreographed by Sophie Maslow, was performed for the first time.


    1951(15th of Elul, 5776): Sixty-nine year Dr. Israel Abraham Rabin, the husband of Dr. Ester Else Rabin and native of the Ukraine who was a historian specializing in the study of ancient Hebrew literature passed away today in Haifa.

    1951: “The Day the Earth Stood Still,” a science fiction classic co-starring Sam Jaffe and music by Bernard Herrmann was released today in the United States.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that a wide range of Israel-designed gowns, dresses, blouses, shirts and coats was flown to the US for a roving exhibition, arranged by the Bonds Drive, to promote Israeli exports.  In the early days of the state of Israel, products marked "made in Israel" were not always of the highest quality.  After all, it was a pioneer state.  In those days, American Jews made a point of buying things stamped "made in Israel" as a way of showing solidarity and support for the infant nation.

    1953: In Philadelphia, PA, Miriam and Ephraim Bloch, the owner of Perfect Fit Industries, gave birth to Lawrence “Larry” Clifford Bloch who built the Wetlands Preserve in TriBeCa into an influential rock club and a hub of environmental activism (As reported by James C McKinley, Jr.)

    1954: In Montreal, Roslyn and Harry Pinker gave birth to psychologist Steven Prinker who was named one of Time Magazine's 100 most influential people in the world in 2004

    1955(2ndof Tishrei, 5716): 2nd day of Rosh Hashanah

    1957: In Tel Aviv, as athletes began another day of competition in the Maccabiah Games, “the United States trailed Israel in the team score 106 to 73.” 

    1964(12thof Tishrei, 5725): Tillie Asnis the mother of Dr. Moss Bart, Dr. Saul T. Asnis and Mrs. Gladys Levi, passed away today.

    1964: Funeral services are scheduled to take place for Merry Abel Barg, the wife of Dr. Peter Barg, who passed away yesterday.

    1964: ABC broadcast the first episode of “The Addams Family” created by David Levin and produced by Nat Perrin.

    1964(12thof Tishrei, 5725): Samuel Abramowitz, the husband of Lillian Cohen Abramowtiz and the father of Judyth A. Weisser and Marcia A. Aronson passed away today

    1965(21stof Elul, 5725): Parashat Ki Tavo; Leil Selichot

    1965(21stof Elul, 5725): Forty-six year old Mildred Elizabeth Tarlow Woolridge, the daughter of Audra and Solomon Tarlow passed away today.

    1967: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Love Is a Many Splendored Thing” a soap opera created by Ima Phillips who also served as the head writer – a combination that was very unusual at the time.

    1967: U.S. Premiere of Arthur Hiller’s “The Tiger Makes Out” the movie version of Murray Schisgal’s play co-starring Eli Wallach, featuring Dustin Hoffman and filmed by cinematographer Arthur J. Ornitz/

    1970: American music icon Jimi Hendrix who was managed by Shep Gordon the subject of the 2014 documentary “Supermensch: The Legend of Shep Gordon” passed away today.

    1970: The following story documents how Israel saved the Kingdom of Jordan from coming under the control of Syria, as President Assad pursued his goal of creating Greater Syria that would include Lebanon, Jordan and Israel.


    Today Syria, through the Palestine Liberation Army's (PLA) Syrian branch, whose headquarters were located in Damascus and which was controlled by the government, tried to intervene on behalf of the Palestinian guerrillas. The PLA sent in armored forces equivalent to a brigade, with tanks, some of them allegedly hastily rebranded from the regular Syrian army for the purpose. Other Syrian units were the 5th Infantry Division (with the 88th and 91st Tank Brigades and the 67th Mechanised Brigade with over 200 T-55 tanks) and Commandos. They were met by the 40th Armored Brigade of the Jordanian army. The Syrian air force, under orders of Defense Minister Hafez al-Assad, never entered the battle. This has been variously attributed to power struggles within the Syrian Baathist government (pitting Assad against Salah Jadid), and to the threat of Israeli military intervention. As King Hussein dealt with threats by both Palestinian refugees in his country and Syrian military forces crossing Jordan's border, the king asked "the United States and Great Britain to intervene in the war in Jordan, asking the United States, in fact, to attack Syria, and some transcripts of diplomatic communiques show that Hussein requested Israeli intervention against Syria." Timothy Naftali said. "Syria had invaded Jordan and the Jordanian king, facing what he felt was a military rout, said please help us in any way possible." A telegram indicates that Hussein himself called a U.S. official at 3 a.m. to ask for American or British help. "Situation deteriorating dangerously following Syrian massive invasion...," the document said. "I request immediate physical intervention both land and air... to safeguard sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of Jordan. Immediate air strikes on invading forces from any quarter plus air cover are imperative."  Israel, which found the move undesirable, performed mock air strikes on the Syrian column at the Americans' request. Possibly alarmed at the prospect of an armed conflict with Israel, Syria's government ordered a hasty retreat. Its involvement at the time remained a subject for historical debate. Assad told his biographer, Patrick Seale, that Syria's intention in invading northern Jordan was only to protect the Palestinians from a massacre .Whatever the case, the swift Syrian withdrawal was a severe blow to Palestinian hopes. Jordanian armored forces steadily pounded their headquarters in Amman, and threatened to break them in other regions of the kingdom as well. The Palestinians agreed to a cease-fire. Hussein and Arafat attended the meeting of leaders of Arab countries in Cairo, where Arafat won a diplomatic victory. On September 27, Hussein was forced to sign an agreement which preserved the right of the Palestinian organizations to operate in Jordan. For Jordan, it was humiliating that the agreement treated both sides to the conflict as equals.


    1971: Birthdate of Jada Koren Pinkett Smith an American actress, producer, director, author, singer-songwriter, and businesswoman who is described as being of Portuguese-Jewish, African-American, West Indian and Creole ancestry. (Only in America)

    1972(10th of Tishrei, 5733): Yom Kippur

    1972: “One hundred fifty Jews from Russia who have settled in Israel” are visiting the United States will have “their first opportunity today to observe Yom Kippur under the guidance of Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, the Talmudic scholar and lead of the worldwide Lubavitcher movement of Hasidic Jews.”

    1972: Among the thousands of people attending services this morning in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn “are 600 Jews from various parts of the world who will” then be returning home.

    1972: Jews recite special prayers of mourning for those who were murdered at the Munich Olympics.

    1972: In New York, “because of the Jewish holy day, Yom Kippur, the city’s public schools and the Board of Education headquarters and decentralized district offices will be closed today.”

    1972: A crowd of over 10,000 people filled the plaza in front of the Wailing Wall where at “a few minutes after 6 p.m. the shofar…was blown marking the end of Yom Kippur” following which “he sober atmosphere gave way to bursts of singing and dancing.”

    1972: Rabbi Menachem Schneerson was quoted today as saying that “only after self-analysis ‘can one positively influence fellow Jews for improvement.’”

    1972: Sally J. Priesand, the 25 year old assistant spiritual leader of the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue, the first woman ordained to the rabbinate in the United States, preached her first Yom Kippur sermon today.

    1972: In his sermon today, “Rabbi Louis Bernstein of the Young Israel of Windsor Park hailed the United States delegation to the United Nations for its veto in the Security Council of a resolution that would have censured Israel for its raids in Lebanon and Syria without at the same time condemning the acts of terrorism in Munich and elsewhere.”

    1972: At Shearith Israel in New York “Rabbi Louis C. Gerstein called on the Jewish community to intensify its efforts in behalf of the Soviet Jews who wanted to find a new life in Israel and to give moral and spiritual support to Israel.”

    1974: “Sovietskaya Rossiya reported a general decline in immigration to Israel because of the country’s high taxation to support the arms industry.”

    1974: “Mendel Bodnya, one of the defendants in the 1970 Leningrad trial, arrived in Israel.”

    1975(13thof Tishrei, 5736): Eighty-five year old Edith Harris Proskauer, the widow of NYSE member Richman Proskauer, who has been president of the Sunshine Day Nursery,  vice president of the Lexington School for the Deaf and “founder of the women’s division of the American Jewish Committee passed away today.

    1975: The Soviet Union ratified the Helsinki Accords

    1977: Two days after he had passed away, seventy-six year old General Frank L. Lazarus, the West Point graduate and WW II veteran turned New York realtor and politician who was the father of Linda Lowenthal and Laura Hirsch is scheduled to be buried today at the Beth-El Cemetery.

    1977: ABC broadcast “Young Joe, the Forgotten Kennedy” starring Peter Strauss in the title role.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that US President Jimmy Carter had once again denied that his country supported the concept of a separate Palestinian state. When you consider the general acceptance of this by Israelis today, this item seems like a tempest in a long-forgotten teapot.

    1977:  The Post reported that Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan who was originally scheduled to fly to the US returned unexpectedly from Brussels to Israel, giving rise to rumors that he had held secret important talks with Egypt.

    1977:  The Post reported that Moshe Shamir, Professor of Islamic History at the Hebrew University, was appointed Prime Minister Menachem Begin's adviser on Arab Affairs at a time when Israel's Good Fence aid to South Lebanon was well known and highly appreciated, according to Archbishop Maximos Saloum.

    1977: Meshulam Riklis, a 54 year old Israeli businessman, married 23 year old Pia Zadora.

    1978: Camp David Accords were signed between Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin and US President Jimmy Carter. The accords were based on the principal of total withdrawal for total peace including diplomatic ties, open borders, and trade relations. The agreement led to the formal peace treaty. In recent years there has been criticism of the accords and the treaty which after Sadat’s assassination became a "cold peace". Regardless of the criticism, the accords changed the equation in the Middle East.  Three decades of violence including three wars, have been replaced by a quarter of a century of peace along the border between the Sinai and the Negev.  Without Egyptian support, general war against Israel became unthinkable, even for those states that did not want to make peace.  No matter how cynical one might be, one should never forget the courage of Sadat for making the peace.  Nor should one forget that Begin took a big gamble.  What would have happened if he had given back the Sinai and then the Egypt's had reneged on the deal the way they had after the Sinai Campaign of 1956?

    1978: CBS begins the broadcast of the fourth season of “One Day At a Time” starring Bonnie Franklin

    1980: Eighty-one year old Rose Vallard the French art historian and museum curator who protected art, much of it owned by Jews, from being stolen by the Nazis and then worked with the “Monument Men” including James Rorimer to retrieve the art passed away today.

    1981: “Continental Divide,” a comedy written by Lawrence Kasdan and co-starring Allen Goorwitz was released today in the United States by Universal Pictures.

    1982(1st of Tishrei, 5743): Rosh Hashanah

    1982: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Gilligan’s Planet,” a cartoon show created by Sherwood Schwartz.

    1983: Forty two year old Susan Harris (née Spivak) the creator of numerous television shows including the long running “Golden Girls” and the mother Sam Harris married for a second time today.

    1985(3rd of Tishrei, 5746): Tzom Gedaliah

    1985: The funeral of Julian Beck, founder of the Living Theatre, was scheduled to be held today in Manhattan

    1989: Birthdate of Daniel DeClue, a bright talented student and musician.  A proud, practicing Jew, he is a kind, caring, decent human being.

    1990: Frank Rich’s review of Linda Lavin’s performance in “Gypsy” was published today.

    1991(10thof Tishrei, 5752): Yom Kippur

    1991: NBC broadcast the first episode of season three of the sitcom Seinfeld.

    1992: CBS broadcast the first episode of “The Golden Palace,” a spin-off from the “Golden Girls,” starring Estelle Getty with theme music composed by Andrew Gold.

    1992: “Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's wife said today that a car rented for her use in Berlin had been replaced after vandals scratched a swastika on it. Leah Rabin, who fled Nazi Germany with her family in 1933 at the age of 5, said a rise in racism and anti-Semitism in Germany was evident on her three-day visit with her husband. She said she had not seen the swastika because the car was replaced immediately.”

    1993(3rd of Tishrei, 5754): Shabbat Shuva

     1996: The Drisha Institute for Jewish Education graduated its first class.

    1998(27thof Elul, 5758): Ninety-six year old Frances Shohl Peiser, the widow of Rabbi Walter Gilbert Peiser passed away today after which she was buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Baton Rouge, LA.

    1998: The Times of London reviews “Via Dolorosa” a new play about Israel by Sir David Hare.

    1998: “A Soldier’s Daughter Never Cries” co-starring Barbara Hershey was relased in the United States today.

    1998: “Rush Hour” a “buddy film” directed by Brett Ratner, produced by Roger Birnbaum and Jonathan Glickman, with music by Lalo Schifrin and filmed by cinematographer Adam Greenberg was released in the United States today by New Line Cinema.

    1999(8thof Tishrei, 5760): Shabbat Shuva

    1999(8thof Tishrei, 5760): Eighty-six film editor Harold F. Kress, who was nominated for six Oscars and won two – in 1962 for “How the West Was Won” and in 1974 for “The Towering Inferno.”

    2001(1st of Tishrei, 5762): Rosh Hashanah

    2001(1stof Tishrei, 5762) Future Oakland A’s first baseman Nate Freiman attended services at Temple Beth Elohim, in Wellesley, MA, a  service of which he said, “It was packed---the most people I ever saw there.” (As reported by Hillel Kuttler)

    2001: In “The Miracle of Improvising” published today Michael Robinson examined the life and career of “Lee Konitz, our greatest living jazz artist.”

    2002(12thof Tishrei, 5763): Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed credit for today’s bombing at Umm al-Fahm, a city in the Haifa District which is predominately populated by Arab citizens of Israel.

    2002: Effi Eitam began serving as Minister of Energy and Water Resources.

    2002: In “A Quest for a People Who May No Longer Exist,” published today Richard Bernstein examines the possible existence of one of “the ten lost tribes.”

    2003 (21st of Elul, 5763):  Rabbi Emil Fackenheim passed away. He was born in Halle, Germany in 1916.  He graduated from Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in 1939 and obtained Ph.D. from University of Toronto in 1945. He was interned at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1938 and 1939.  After becoming a Rabbi, he left Germany for Great Britain, where he was interned as an enemy alien after World War II began. He was sent to Canada in 1940, where he was a rabbi (1943-48), then professor of philosophy (1948-84) at the University of Toronto. He subsequently moved to Israel, where he was associated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.  Fackenheim explored the problem of revelation and the relationship of the Jews with God, believing that the Holocaust must be understood as an imperative requiring Jews to carry on Jewish existence and that the existence of the state of Israel is a rebuke to those who view the Jewish people as obsolete or dying. Among his books are God's Presence in History (1972) and To Mend the World(1982). 2003: Emil Fackenheim, author of the 614th commandment - Thou shalt not hand Hitler posthumous victories. To despair of the God of Israel is to continue Hitler’s work for him."- passed away.

    2004 (3rd of Tishrei, 5765): Shabbat Shuvah

    2004 (3rd of Tishrei, 5765): Seventy-four year old historian Norman F, Cantor, the native of Winnipeg who specialized in the medieval period and whose sound scholarship was embodied in an accessible style with narrative drive, which made his major textbook, The Civilization of the Middle Ages the most widely-read overview of medieval history, passed away today.

    2005: Agudath Achim, the Orthodox Congregation in Little Rock, Arkansas, celebrated its one hundredth anniversary with a gala dinner.

    2005: The Jerusalem Post reported that some 25 Torah scrolls in the New Orleans area, jeopardized by Hurricane Katrina, were rescued by a number of Jewish groups acting in concert. A makeshift coalition of representatives from the Jewish Federation of Greater New Orleans, national leadership from the Reform movement, rabbis from Baton Rouge and New Orleans and local law-enforcement officials were responsible for the effort. "Among the 25 we saved were also a few that were rescued from the Holocaust, and here they've survived a second horrific disaster," said Rabbi David Saperstein, the director of the Reform movement s Washington-based Religious Action Center. Chabad officials, working with both Jewish and non-Jewish volunteers, rescued at least 15 additional scrolls. "It is a bittersweet occasion," said Rabbi Zelig Rivkin, the executive director of Chabad Lubavitch of Louisiana. "Hurricane Katrina has destroyed our homes, synagogues and our city but has not destroyed our community." Among the sites that had Torahs rescued were Chabad of Louisiana's New Orleans headquarters, the Chabad Jewish Center in Metairie, the Touro Synagogue, Temple Sinai, and the Federation building, which had housed Torahs belonging to Shir Chadash Conservative Congregation and the New Orleans Jewish Day School. Rabbi Saperstein noted that the rescued Torahs were sent to cities like Houston, Baton Rouge and Memphis to be with their respective displaced congregations.

    Among the scrolls that remain in New Orleans are Torahs from Congregation Gates of Prayer, which, according to Rabbi Robert Lowey, were taken to a high-rise office building downtown before the evacuation.

    2005: The 2005 Lasker Awards for medical research are going to scientists who discovered stem cells, invented genetic fingerprinting and developed a powerful technology that played a crucial role in mapping the human genome. And a nonscientist, Nancy Brinker, is the winner of the Lasker Public Service Award for creating the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation, which has helped transform a disease once rarely mentioned in polite conversation into an international issue. The awards, widely considered the United States' most prestigious medical prizes, are being announced today by the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation. The two scientific awards each carry a $50,000 prize, split between the winners; the public service award has no monetary prize. Mary Lasker created the awards in 1946 as a birthday gift to her husband, Albert, the Jewish advertising man,  in hopes of curing cancer in 10 years.

    2005:  The Washington Post Book Section reviewed The Lost One: A life of Peter of Peter Lorre by Stephen D. Youngkin.  As the review points out Lorre was born Laszlo Loewenstein.  He emigrated from his native Hungary to Berlin from which he fled to Vienna in 1933 due to the rise in anti-Semitism.  If you can imagine, he was on the same train with the actor Oskar Homolka, director Josef von Sternberg and violinist Jascha Heifitz.  When things worsened in Austria, Loree was able to escape to England due to a strange quirk of fate.  He got a paid ticket to England to act in Alfred Hitchcock’s first version of the mystery film, The Man Who Knew Too Much.You might want to read the book to find how Lorre, who spoke know English, got the part.

    2005:A weekend of events marking the dedication of the Uriah P. Levy Jewish Center and Chapel at the U.S. Naval Academy comes to climactic close a new chapel and student center on Sunday named for the nation's first Jewish flag officer, Commodore Uriah P. Levy, a man who fought to serve his country while still observing his faith.

    2006: Media Matters for America hired Eric Alterman as a Senior Fellow and agreed to host Altercation, effective today.

    2006: CBS broadcast the first episode of “The Class” a sitcom created by David Crane, co-starring Lizzy Caplan, Jon Bernthal and Heather Goldenhersh whose father was Jewish.

    2006: Israel's Attorney General, Menachem Mazuz, stated that the likelihood of Moshe Katsav being the victim of a plot was "fairly slim."[

    2006 Congregation Beth El, of Missouri City, Texas participated in celebrating the High Holidays with Jewish residents from the Brenham State School and the Richmond State School.

    2006:The Winograd Commission - the committee appointed to investigate the management of the war in Lebanon - begins its proceedings.

    2006: At a debate in Tysons Corner between Republican Allen and Democrat Webb, WUSA-TV's Peggy Fox asked Allen, the tobacco-chewing, cowboy-boot-wearing son of a pro football coach, if his Tunisian-born mother has Jewish blood. The Forward, a Jewish newspaper, reported that the senator's mother, Etty, "comes from the august Sephardic Jewish Lumbroso family" and continued: "If both of Etty's parents were born Jewish -- which, given her age and background, is likely -- Senator Allen would be considered Jewish in the eyes of traditional rabbinic law, which traces Judaism through the mother." The Presbyterian Allen joins public figures Madeleine Albright and John Kerry in discovering his Jewish roots.

    2007: U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice arrives in Jerusalem for a round of talks in Israel and the Palestinian Authority to prepare for the Middle East peace summit scheduled for the second half of November. Rice is expected to meet separately with Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas, who will report on the progress made in their talks over the past few weeks.

    2007: The Tenth Annual Israeli Music Celebration continues with a concert at The Ben-Gurion University, Beersheba

    2007: In Bethesda, Maryland, Mitchell Bard holds a reading and autograph session to promote his new book, Will Israel Survive?

    2007(6 Tishrei 5768): St.-Sgt. Ben-Zion Henman was shot to death during operations in Nablus.

    2008: Temple Judah’s Joshua Siegel plays Seymour in Little Shop of Horrors at Kennedy High School.

    2008: In Washington, D.C., a joint reading with local writer Peter Manseau, author of the debut novel Songs for the Butcher's Daughter,and poet Janet R. Kirchheimer, author of the collection How to Spot One of Us.

    2008:Dialects: Israeli Jazz & Klezmer”, featuring Omer Klein is the first of three concerts being held in celebration of Israel’s 60th anniversary. The concert features two of the best examples of the new face of American/Israeli music. Trumpeter Frank London recovers the lost sounds of klezmer, taking the music back to its 19th-century roots with the Klezmer Brass All Stars. And pianist Omer Klein, a rising star in the Israeli/New York jazz movement, offers a program of his deeply melodic, utterly original compositions, tinged with the sounds of the Middle East. This concert is partially underwritten by the America Israel Cultural Fund in celebration of Israel’s 60th Birthday.

    2008: A revival of “All My Sons,” “Arthur Miller’s 1947 Tony Award winning play was previewed today at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre, a month before its scheduled Broadway opening.

    2008: Mandy Patinkin starred as Propsero in a revival of The Tempest that opened today in New York.

    2008: “Pilobolus in Israel,” a photography exhibition by Robert Whitman of the dance troupe’s visit to Israel earlier this year, opens today at New York’s Chelsea Market. This exhibit features 70 photographs of the dancers against Israel’s iconic landscape, including the Dead Sea, the Tower of David, and local marketplaces. This event, sponsored by the Consulate General of Israel in New York, is a tribute to Israel’s 60th anniversary and will feature several Israeli bands and Pilobolus.

    2008: On her first day as Kadima's new leader, Tzipi Livni received a startling blow: Shaul Mofaz, whom she ended up beating in Wednesday's party primary by only 431 votes, announced that he was "taking a break" from political life.

    A shocked Livni tried to reach Mofaz to persuade him to reconsider, but he refused to meet with

    2009: Israel plays Spain in the World Group, 2009 Semi-finals of the Davis Cup competition.

    2009: Stephanie Pritzker received the 2009 Samuel A. Goldsmith Award for Outstanding Young Professional in Jewish Communal Work.

    2009: 29th of Elul, 5769): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    2009: 29th of Elul, 5769): As Jews gather to mark the start of Rosh Hashanah at Ahavat Olam in Miami, a 131 year old Torah was to be read tonight as part of the congregation’s Rosh Hashanah observances. The sheepskin scroll was believed to have been completed in 1878, the date of the inscription on its wooden handle. The handle also bears the name of the couple who donated it to their congregation in Moravske Budejovice, in what is now the Czech Republic. It was kept in a warehouse with other Torahs and Judaica after Hitler came to power, coming under the Nazis' control. After the Nazis fell, the cache from the Central Jewish Museum in Prague was controlled by communists who eventually sold the scroll and 1,563 others to a London synagogue in 1963. The scroll came to Miami after Marmorstein placed the synagogue's name on a waiting list several years back. Like all the trust's scrolls, it remains the property of the London organization, on indefinite loan to the temple. Congregations are chosen, in part, based on their desire to incorporate the scroll into their worship. The scroll came to Miami after Rabbi Danny Marmorstein placed the synagogue's name on a waiting list several years back. Like all the trust's scrolls, it remains the property of the London organization, on indefinite loan to the temple. Congregations are chosen, in part, based on their desire to incorporate the scroll into their worship. Already, the history of the Torah has resonated with members. Bianca Lerner, 80, survived the Holocaust in part by being taken in by the parents of a Christian friend and then hiding in a Catholic orphanage. She remembers being forced with her parents from their home. Her father was killed in a Polish ghetto. Her mother died at the Treblinka extermination camp. "My parents just walked out of our apartment, which was beautifully furnished with antiques and Oriental rugs and we just walked out and that was it," she said. "Since then, I've thought material possessions don't mean anything." But a Torah, Lerner said, is different: It's not just the central symbol of her faith, but something used in actual prayer and worship. Irving Whitman, 88, says he was a young Army private from New Jersey when he helped liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp. Those memories are seared in his mind. And he sees the Torah as an extension of his wartime experience. "It's all part of the same story," he said. "It's all part of the same historical moment." Susan Boyer, the U.S. director of the trust, also heads the Czech Torah Network in Sherman Oaks, Calif., which has helped reunite Holocaust survivors with scrolls from their hometowns. When she thinks of the surviving Torahs, she wonders what happened to the people from its synagogue, the people who prayed with it. It is a sad story, she admits, but she says it is buffered by hope, because the faith has lived on. If the Nazis had prevailed, Jews would have faded away long before Ahavat Olam gained roots in South Florida five years ago. Hitler's army would have killed the men and women who bore its congregants. And the Torah never would have left SS hands. Marmorstein knew he wanted a Holocaust-surviving Torah since the congregation was born. He wanted to pay tribute to the Jews who died and could think of no better way than through the faith's most prized possession. The 54-year-old rabbi shows a black-and-white picture of 11 relatives, his great aunts and uncles, grandfather and great-grandparents. Only two in the photo survived the Holocaust: his father and an uncle who both were liberated from Auschwitz. When asked why getting the Torah was so important, his eyes well with tears. "It's in my blood, this whole history is in my family," he said. "It's easy for us to sit and talk about it. But when it was your own father, your own uncle, when your grandfather was killed, it’s different. That's why."

    2009: 29th of Elul, 5769): Eighty-one year old Dr. Lawrence B. Slobodkin, author of “The World is Green” and one of the founders of the modern ecology movement passed away today. (As reported by Carol Kaesuk Yoon)

    2009: Last day of 5769; in the evening Erev Rosh Hashanah – 5770 לשׁנה טובה

    2010(10th of Tishrei, 5771): Yom Kippur

    2010: A Yom Kippur machzor which had been translated for the first time into Portuguese is scheduled to be used by the Jews in Brazil's Amazon. The prayer book includes the traditional Hebrew text of the Yom Kippur prayer services, together with a transliteration and translation into Portuguese. It incorporates the customs and prayers of the Moroccan Sephardim, which were brought to Brazil in the 19th century by Moroccan Jewish immigrants. Until now, Brazil's Jews of the Amazon were inserting the special prayers into their own machzors as separate, hand-written pieces of paper, according to Shavei Israel, a Jerusalem-based group that helped publish the machzor. "This machzor is really the first of its kind," said David Salgado, project director for Shavei Israel, who moved to Israel from northern Brazil together with his wife and children. "It will enable Portuguese-speaking Jews who use Nusach Sepharadi to better recite and understand the meaning and significance of the Yom Kippur prayers." The prayer books will be distributed in Belem and Manaus in Brazil, where some 700 Jewish families live.

    2010:As Jews prepare to break their Yom Kippur fasts this evening, Israeli experts agree that the optimal way to end the fast is to drink a couple of glasses of water or a sugared drink.  The first meal of solid food should be a light one. If you are still hungry, wait an hour or two after the light meal. Eating too quickly or too much after a fast can cause abdominal pain and sometimes even vomiting.

    2010(10thof Tishrei, 5771): Eighty-nine year old Irving Ravetch, half of the husband wife screening team of Ravetch and Frank passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2010(10th of Tishrei, 5771): Seventy-four year old Chabad Chassid Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak HaKohen Tauber passed away Yom Kippur morning at Sheba Hospital in the Tel HaShomer Medical Center after a long illness.

    2010:93 people were treated by emergency health workers for falling ill as a result of fasting over the course of the Jewish High Holiday of Yom Kippur on Saturday.

    2010: The Twins’ Danny Valencia hit a game winning three run homer.

    2011: In New York, The Center for Jewish History the Leo Baeck Institute and the Skirball Department of Hebrew and Judaic Studies at NYU are scheduled to present “A Continuing Conversation: Moses Mendelssohn and the Legacy of the Enlightenment,” day of discussion and debate devoted to exploring the thought and legacy of Moses Mendelssohn, the 18th-century founder of modern Jewish thought.

    2011:"While Six Million Lived: America and the Jewish Refugee Crisis, 1933-1939," the ninth national conference of The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies is scheduled to take place today at the Fordham University School of Law in New York City.

    2011: The Concert is scheduled to shown in Davenport, Iowa, as part of the Jewish Federation of the Quad Cities’ Ninth Annual Jewish Film Festival.

    2011: The New York Timesfeatured a review of “Wonderstruck,” a children’s book written  and illustrated by Brian Selznick, a cousin of Myron and David O. Selznick.

    2011: "Everything on It: Poems and Drawings" by the late Shel Silverstein is one of the books that the Los Angeles Times featured in an article about children’s books that will be published this fall. The book featured numerous drawings and poems that the author left behind when he passed away in 1999. The book, aimed at children ages 8 and up “presents a perfect combinations of pictures and stories that will appeal to young readers as well as their parents, who probably first read these wonderful authors long ago.”

    2011: David L. Ulin, Los Angeles Times Book Critic includes "Quite Enough of Calvin Trillin," in his Fall Book Preview.

    2011:The Tel Aviv District Court rejected a petition by social justice protesters today against the municipality, which intends to dismantle tent encampments in several parts of the city.

    2011:Norway will recognize a Palestinian state, Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Store said today as Palestinians prepared to seek statehood recognition from the United Nations.

    2011: The funeral of Suzy Eban, the widow of the late Abba Eban is scheduled to take place today at the Kfar Shemariyahu cemetery.

    2012(2nd of Tishrei, 5773): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    2012(2nd of Tishrei, 5773): Sixty-nine year old Stephen Douglas “Steve” Sabol, who along with his father Ed was one of the founder of NFL Films passed away today.

    2012:Chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat today referred to as "absolutely unacceptable," comments by US Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney that the Palestinians are not seeking peace.

    2012(2nd of Tishrei, 5773):Poet, songwriter, filmmaker and playwright Haim Hefer, one of the icons of Israeli culture, died on the second day of Rosh Hashanah at Sourasky Medical Center in Tel Aviv, after a long illness

    2013(14thof Tishrei, 5774): Erev Sukkoth

    2013: Mark Alfred Dreyfus completed his term as Attorney-General of Australia.

    2013: The Gesher Jewish Day School in Fairfax, VA, is scheduled to a song and story hour in the Sukkah.

    2013: In London, The Weiner Library is scheduled to host a screening of “The Children Who Cheated The Nazis” which “tells the story of how 10,000 children escaped the Holocaust.”

    2013: “Signs of Life” with music by Joel Derfner, lyrics by Len Schiff, book by Peter Ullian and directed by Lisa Portes “based on the true story of the Czech ghetto, Terezin, is scheduled to open in Chicago.

    2013: According to remarks published today Yediot Aharonot, Major-Gernal Yair Golan, the IDF commander on the Syrian border “Syrian President Bashar Assad could cling to power for years despite having lost overall control of his country.”

    2013: US Vice President Joe Biden will address the upcoming J Street annual conference, the organization revealed today

    2013(14thof Tishrei, 5774): Erev Sukkoth

    2014: The Phasa Morgana Festival is scheduled to open today in Timna Park.

    2014: UK Jewish Film is scheduled to host the final screening of “The Congress,” Ari Folman’s “indictment of the film business and Hollywood.”

    2014: Friends and family celebrate the natal day of Daniel DeClue, Missouri’s greatest band teacher and a mensch of the first order.

    2014: At the Weiner Library for the Study of the Holocaust and Genocide Dr. Alexander Watson is scheduled to speak on “Hell before the Holocaust: Jewish Communities in the Eastern War Zone, 1914-1918.”

    2014: A 29 year old Bethlehem resident was found to be carrying an axe after he was arrested today by Border Police when he approached officers stationed at the checkpoint next to the tunnels on the Jerusalem-Gush Etzion Road. (As reported by Yaakov Levi)

    2014: “In the wake of Australia’s counter-terrorism raids today that detained 15 people and foiled an alleged beheading plot by Islamic State jihadists, Jewish community groups called on Australian Jews to remain vigilant during the High Holidays.”

    2014(23rdof Elul, 5774): Eighty year old Guinter Kahn, “inventor of baldness remedy” passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    2014: “Archaeologists have found what they believe to be the remains of a Byzantine monastery outside the city of Beit Shemesh west of Jerusalem, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced today.” (As reported by Ilan Ben Zion)

    2014: Larry Ellison announced he was stepping down as CEO of Oracle

    2014: Last week before the start of the Sabbatical Year.

    2015:  Lewis Black is scheduled to perform at the Kaaboo Festvial at the Del Mar Racetrack & Fairgrounds in Del Mar, CA.

    2015: For the first time Jazz is scheduled to be performed in the Turkish Shuk at Haifa.

    2015: In the evening start of Shabbat Shuvah

    2016: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Mischling by Affinity Konar, “a novel that draw on the dark history of Josef Mengle,”

    2016: In Rockville, MD, Dr. Melvin Urofsky is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “The Brandeis Legacy.”

    2016: During the Emmy Award ceremony, Jill Soloway, the creator of “Transparent” compared Donald Trump to Adolf Hitler.

    2016: In Bethesda, MD, Gideon Amir is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled “It Ain’t Necessarily So”: Rereading Classical Bible Stories.

    2016: In Atlanta, the Breman Museum is scheduled to host the opening of “Curating Your Family Story” a program co-created by the museum and Beit Hatfutsot.

    2016: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Educational Center is scheduled to host a lecture by Father Patrick Desbois the ‘French-Catholic priest recently featured on "60 Minutes,"  leading the truly historic undertaking of identifying and locating the mass graves of Jews, Roma, and other victims, killed by Nazi mobile killing units, Einsatzgruppen, during the Holocaust in Eastern Europe.”

    2016: Rabbi Barry Cytron is scheduled to be the keynote speaker at the dinner celebrating the 20th anniversary of Iowa Jewish Historical Society in Des Moines, IA.

    2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington and the National Museum of American Jewish Military History are scheduled to host a lecture on basketball in WW II by Douglas Stark, author of Wartime Basketball: The Emergence of a National Sport during World War II and The SPHAS: The Life and Times of Basketball's Greatest Jewish Team

    2017: Today, “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met with Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi in New York in the first-ever public sit-down between the two leaders.” (As reported by Raphael Ahren and Alexander Fulbright)

    2017: Today, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Monday adamantly defended Orthodoxy’s religious monopoly in Israel…” (As reported by Raphael Ahren)

    2017: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host another session of “Proust in Time: Swann’s Way” in which Rebecca Ariel Porte examines the writing of In Search of Lost Time.

    2017: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host a tour of “Jewish Downtown Washington” this evening.

    2017: This afternoon, as world leaders gather for the annual meeting of the UN General Assembly, Prime Minister Netanyahu is scheduled to meet with President Trump followed “by meetings with the president of Panama, Juan Carlos Varela; the prime minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe; and Rwandan President Paul Kagame at the UN.”

    2018: The government of “Israel has yet to comment” on Syrian claims that its “air defenses had intercepted and downed missiles” aimed at several targets at Latakia. (As reported by Daniel Salami and Liad Osmo)

    2018: As Israelis prepare for the observance of Yom Kippur, they are also prepared to respond to another day of protests by residents of Gaza demonstrating “against the blockade” being enforced by Egypt and Israel.

    2018(9thof Tishrei, 5779): In the evening, Kol Nidre



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    September 19

    335: Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his Uncle Constantine I who had turned the Roman Empire into a Christian entity.  Following the death of Constantine, his successor Constantius II reportedly had Dalmatius murdered along with other members of his family whom he considered a threat to his rule.  Constantinus consolidation of power was not a good thing for the Jewish people because he was responsible for a whole series of laws and regulations that were “explicitly anti-Jewish.” 

    1187: Saladin breaks Camp at Ascalon, and moves towards his ultimate goal of taking Jerusalem

    1356: The English decisively defeated the French, led by King John II at the Battle of Poitiers.  The English captured the French king and held him for ransom.  The Dauphine, the future King Charles V, served as regent during his father’s imprisonment.  He authorized the return of the Jews to France “in order to use the taxes to enable him to pay his father's ransom.”  When he assumed the throne, Charles V would continue to honor the promises he had made to the Jews during his regency. 

    1590(20thof Elul): Today three years before he passed away, Moshe Alshich granted smichah to Chaim ben Joseph Vital.  Alshcich was born in Turkey in 1508 but settled in Safed where he was a disciple of Rabbi Joseph Caro.

    1590(20thof Elul): “Rabbi Judah Arye Moscato…whose principle fame rests on his exegesis, Kol Yehuda of Al Charzari, which was printed for the first time in Fano, Italy in  passed away today

    1635(7thof Tishrei): Gitele Loew the wife of Rabbi Simon Brandeis and the mother of Rabbi Samuel Brandeis passed away today in Prague.

    1657: During the Swedish invasion of Poland, a period called the Deluge, the Polish king gives up his claims over Prussia in return for aid in fighting the forces of Charles X, the Swedish monarch. This was a period of great suffering for the Jews of Poland who treated badly by the invading Swedes and treated even worse by the various Polish military forces. 

    1659: Tobiah Bacharach and Israel ben Shalom were executed today on an accusation of ritual murder.

    1724(2nd of Tishrei, 5485): Gluckel of Hamelin passed away

    1759: Birthdate of French banker Olry Hayem Worms, whose first wife was Blumele Levi and whose second wife was Flore Zacharie.

    1777: During the American Revolution, the First Battle of Saratoga begins.  The victory at Saratoga was critical because it brought the French into the war on the side of the Americans. Colonel David Salisbury Franks, the highest ranking Jewish officer in the American Revolution distinguished himself during this pivotal battle in American history.

    1785(15thof Tishrei, 5546): Sukkoth

    1792(3rdof Tishrei, 5553): Tzom Gedaliah

    1796(16thof Elul, 5556): Jonah b Nathan Z-tz-l was buried today in the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery following his death on September 18.

    1796: Today, David C. Claypoole’s American Daily Advertiser published “Washington’s Farewell Address” a letter to the American people in which George Washington, who had made Jews feel welcomed in the newly created United States, declined a third term in office and enunciated his view on what Americans would need to protect their future.

    1798(9th of Tishrei, 5559): As the naval forces of the Second Coalition assert their control over the Mediterranean in their on-going fight with Napoleon, Jews on both sides hear the chanting of Kol Nidre this evening. 

    1807: In Charleston, SC, Isaac Da Costa married Miss Jane Samuel.

    1812 (13th of Tishrei, 5573): Sixty-year old Mayer Amschel Rothshchild the found father of the famous banking family passed away today in Frankurt, Germany.For more see Founderby Amos Elon and

    1816: In London, Sir Isaac and Isabel Goldsmid gave birth to their second daughter Rachel who became Countess D’Avigdor when in June, 1840 she married Count Salamon Henri D’Avigdor whose father was a member of Napoleon’s Sanhedrin.

    1827: Birthdate of Leo Herzberg-Frankel who worked as the chief clerk of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry in his native Brody for 40 years while he pursued his literary career.

    1838: Birthdate of General Charles Gones who “when confronted with overwhelming evidence that Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy was guilty of the espionage that Alfred Dreyfus had wrongfully been convicted of, Gonse simply overlooked it and refused to recognize Dreyfus's innocence.”

    1841: In Cincinnati, Ohio, German Jewish immigrants organized Congregation B’nai Yeshurun

    1842(15thof Tishrei, 5603): Sukkoth

    1843: Jacob Alexander married Golda Levy at the Great Synagogue today.

    1847(9th of Tishrei, 5608): Jews living in California hear Kol Nidre for the first time this evening as citizens of the United States as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    1847: François Guizot became Prime Minister of France under King Louis Philippe I

    1849(3rd of Tishrei, 5610):Tzom Gedaliah

    1852: In England, “Maurice Moses Beddington,” the son of “Esther and Henry Tsebi Moses” and his wife “Hannah Maria Beddington gave birth to Mary Louisa Beddington who became Mary Louisa Micholls when she married Edward Emanuel Micholls

    1856: Birthdate of Budapest native Victor Caro who served as the Rabbi of Milwaukee’s Temple B’nai Jeshurun from 1892 until 1912 when he passed away while visiting Germany In an attempt to deal with health issues.

    1857(1stof Tishrei, 5618): Rosh Hashanah

    1857: The New York Times reports on the dedication of a “House of Israel,” a new synagogue in Baltimore, MD “where the ladies of the congregation established a free school for religious instruction.”

    1857: Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt discovered Asteroid 48 Doris.

    1857: Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt discovered Asteroid 49 Pales.

    1859: George Bush “an American biblical scholar, pastor, abolitionist and Christian Restorationist academic” passed away. Bush, who is reportedly related to the two Americans of that name “published a book entitled ‘The Valley of Vision; or, The Dry Bones of Israel Revived’” in 1844. “In it he denounced “the thralldom and oppression which has so long ground them (the Jews) to the dust,” and called for “elevating” the Jews “to a rank of honorable repute among the nations of the earth” by re-creating the Jewish State in the land of Israel. This, according to Bush, would benefit not only the Jews, but all of mankind, forming a “link of communication” between humanity and God. “It will blaze in notoriety...". “It will flash a splendid demonstration upon all kindreds and tongues of the truth.”

    1861(15th of Tishrei, 5622): Sukkoth (I can find no record of a Sukkah being built by either Union or Confederate troops.)

    1861: Twenty-nine year old Philadelphian Myer Asch began serving as a Second Lieutenant with Company H, of the First Cavalry of the New Jersey Volunteers.

    1862: During the Civil War, Philadelphian Henry Straus began serving as the Assistant Surgeon in the 150th Regiment popularly known as the “Bucktail Regiment.”

    1862: In Odessa, Isaac Goward and Rachel Smilaynsky gave birth to birth Mary Ostrowsky’s husband George Coward who came to the United States in 1882 after which he became an agent for the Philadelphia committee of the Baron de Hirsch fund and the Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society as one of “the organizers of the Hebrew Literature Society.

    1862: Federal forces under the command of Lt. Colonel Gabriel Netter clashed with a much larger force of Confederates near Owensboro.  Netter refused to surrender and was killed during the ensuring clash. Netter was one of the many Jews who served in the Union Army during the Civil War.



    1863:  During the Civil War, Union and Rebel forces clash at the Battle of Chickamauga. Frederick Kneffler was cited for bravery at the battle of Chickamauga. This Jewish resident of Indianapolis, attained the rank of Major General while commanding the 79th Indiana

    1864: David Michaels who would rise from Corporal to Second Lieutenant began his service with Company of the 210th Regiment.

    1864: A citation awarding the Medal of Honor to Corporal Isaac Gause, was issued today for his valor on the battlefield on September 13. The citation was issued to the Jewish trooper serving with Company, 2nd Ohio Cavalry “Capture of the colors of the 8th South Carolina Infantry while engaged in a reconnaissance along the Berryville and Winchester Pike.”  This would have meant that Gause was serving in the Army of the Shenandoah under the command of General Philip Sheridan.  The campaign successfully drove the Rebels from the Shenandoah Valley which was a key source of supply for the Confederate Army.  Capturing another unit’s colors was the epitome of success and called for unusual bravery because in those days military units fought ferociously to avoid having their flags captured.

    1866(10thof Tishrei, 5626): Yom Kippur

    1866: “Yom Kippur” published today states that “Yesterday at sunset began the most important of all Jewish” festivals “that of the ‘Yom Kippur,' or Day of Atonement--a feast which is more generally observed by the Hebrew race throughout the world than any other of their numerous festivals.”

    1868: When the Battle of Beecher Island came to an end Sigmund Shlesinger a native of Hungary serving with Forsyth’s Company of Scouts was among the survivors.

    1869: Three days after she had passed way, 60 year old Rachel (Solomon) Lewis, the wife of Abraham Lewis was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery on Buckingham Road.”

    1870: The Italian Army laid siege to Rome, the capital of the Papal States.  The one day siege would prove successful.  Rome would become the capital of a newly unified Italian nation.  And Italy would go from one of the worst places in Europe for Jews to live to one of the best.

    1870: In New York City, Marcus Witmark and Henrietta Peyser gave birth to Julius P. Witmark, the husband of Carrie J. Rosenberg who sang as a “boy soprano” until the age of 15 and later joined the family firm of M. Witmark and Sons, Music Publishers.

    1875: “Whitewashing Shylock” published today provided a refreshingly different view of the famed character from the “Merchant of Venice.”  The real villains are Antonio, the Merchant of Venice who was “humbug and a tuft-hunter” who falsely portrayed himself as a man of wealth and Bassanio.  They sought to cheat Shylock and use the fact that he was a Jewish moneylender to their advantage. The only weapon left to Shylock was cunning which “he sharpened up for this occasion.

    1876(1st of Tishrei, 5637): As the United States celebrates its centennial, Jews observe Rosh Hashanah

    1879(2nd of Tishrei, 5640): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1879: In New York City, Nathan Strauss and Minnie Gladken gave birth to illustrator Malcolm Atherton Strauss whose works appeared in numerous publications including Life magazine and the New York Herald.

    1881: It was reported today a committee of Jews representing communities all over Russia has arrived in St. Petersburg with the hopes of meeting with the Minister of Interior. They plan to present him with a petition asking for “an official public declaration of liberty for all creeds and suspension…of the laws sanctioning the expulsion of Jews from certain localities.

    1881: President James Garfield dies from an assassin’s bullet. Garfield was shot by a disgruntled office seeker named Charles Guiteau.  This brought the long simmering battle over political patronage jobs in the federal government to a boil.  Garfield’s death provided the impetus for the passage of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.  The Pendleton Act created a system of federal service positions that were filled based on merit not political patronage.  This civil service system based on ability would provide career opportunities to future generation of Jewish professionals.

    1881: In Schenectady, NY “Isaac Levy, wholesale liquor dealer, and Lewis Behr, tailor, draped their shops in black for the fallen president” James Garfield.  Jews had already expressed their sorrow by holding special prayer services at Gates of Heaven when the President had been shot. (As reported by the Schenectady County Historical Society)

    1882: Two days after she had passed away, Leopolldine (Friedberger) Samuel, the German born widow of Lambert Samuel was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1883: Birthdate of Berlin native Walter Wasserman, the German filmmaker whose career spanned twenty years.

    1884(29thof Elul, 5644): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1884(29thof Elul, 5644): In Leadville, CO, Rabbi Sachs, a recent graduate of Hebrew Union College led the services dedicating the new building that would house Temple Israel.

    1884(29thof Elul, 5644):  Forty-four year old attorney and author Leon da Silva Solis-Cohen, the son of Myer David Cohen and Judith Simha Solis, the husband of Lucia Mannes Ritterband and veteran of the Keystone Battery who was medically discharged from the Union Army passed away today

    1884: One of the major wholesale houses in the clothing trade – Rindskopf Brothers & Co – failed today.  Simon Rindskopf, Morris Rindskopf, Raphael Buchman and Jacob Rosenthal, the company’s partner “filed an assignment in the County Clerk’s office for the benefit of their creditors.”

    1885(10th of Tishrei, 5646): Yom Kippur

    1885: Birthdate of Richard Lert, the Austrian born American “music director and conductor of the Pasadena Symphony and co-founder of the Music Academy of the West in California” who was the brother of “stage director Ernst Lert.”

    1885: Rabbi Gottheil will deliver the Yom Kippur sermon at Temple Emanu-El

    1885: Rabbi H. P. Mendes will deliver the Yom Kippur sermon at the 19thStreet Synagoue.

    1885: Rabbi De Sola Mendes will deliver the Yom Kippur sermon at Shaary Tefila

    1885: Rabbi Kohut will deliver the Yom Kippur sermon at Ahavas Chesed

    1885: Rabbi Henry S. Jacob will deliver the Yom Kippur sermon at the Madison Avenue Synagogue.

    1885: Rabbi I.C. Noot is scheduled to deliver the Yom Kippur sermon at B’nai Israel on east 4th Street in New York City.

    1886: Three hundred Romanian Jews arrived in New York aboard the SS Egypt.

    1887(1stof Tishrei, 5648): Rosh Hashanah

    1887: Rabbi Gottheil is scheduled deliver the Rosh Hashanah sermon at Temple Emanu-El

    1887: Rabbi H. P. Mendes is scheduled to deliver the Rosh Hashanah sermon at the 19thStreet Synagogue

    1887: Rabbi De Sola Mendes is scheduled to deliver the Rosh Hashanah sermon at the 44thStreet Synagogue

    1887: Rabbi Henry S. Jacobs is scheduled to deliver the Rosh Hashanah sermon at the Madison Avenue Synagogue. The sermon will be based on the text “Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto Thy name give glory, for Thy mercy, and for thy truth’s sake.”

    1887: Rabbi Kohut scheduled to deliver the Rosh Hashanah sermon at Ahavas Chesed.

    1889: “A Library’s Record” published today provides a description of the success enjoyed by the Maimonides Library which was established by B’nai B’rith in New York.  In the past year, the library has acquired 2,781 volumes bringing its total collection to 32,326 books.  The percentage of books in circulation has increased from 32 per cent to 37 per cent.

    1890: Benston Fuerstenbaum, who had spent the last three months in jail on charges of breach of contract reluctantly, married Goldie Fromner in City Court which had been decked out with a Chupah under which a rabbi performed the ceremony.

    1890: In Brooklyn Police Commissioner Hayden promised a group of “prominent” Jews that he would “have a force of police on hand to keep anarchist Johann Most within bounds” during the protest he is planning on holding on Yom Kippur.

    1891: Aaron Jatkowski is being held on charges of having assaulted Charles Lieberman when the latter sought to stop a drunken party at the synagogue in Newark, NJ

    1891: Several Jewish families moved away from Milville, NJ, today as the strike called because Flint and Green Glass Works had hired 14 Jews worsened.

    1892: Alexander Berkman who was being tried for having attempted to assassinate Henry Clay Frick and who was serving as his own lawyer was brought to the courtroom where he discovered that the jury had already been empaneled thus depriving of him a chance to question those who would sit in judgment on him.

    1892: “The Leonard Wing” of the Republican party in New Orleans nominated attorney Morris Marks who has been head of the Hebrew Widows and Orphan’s Home to run against Captain Burr Wood, the handpicked candidate of former Governor Warmoth.

    1892: Birthdate of life long New York, the law school graduate turned composer and songwriter whose hits included “I’m Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter,” “Walking My Baby Back Home” and “Where the Blue of the Night Meets the Gold of the Day.”

    1893(9th of Tishrei, 5654): Kol Nidre

    1893: “Rabbi Louis Lustig and a score of laymen” escaped to safety when a fire broke out on the second floor of a frame building at 180 Rivington Street where they had been conducting Yom Kippur services.

    1893: A group of Jewish anarchists calling themselves the “Gruppe Proletariat” began a 24 hour vigil at the Clarendon Ballroom where they spent much of their time giving speeches denouncing “religion in general and” Judaism in particular. 

    1894: Birthdate of Dov Hoz, the native of Orsha who made Aliyah in 1906 and who a leading labor Zionist, founder of the Haganah and the founder and CEO of "Aviron," a pioneer of aviation in Israel that trained pilot and established flight lines in Israel and outside.

    1895: According to a list published today, the following charities each received a bequest of 100 dollars from the late Mrs. Rebecca Kastor: Mount Sinai Hospital, Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum, Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews, Hebrew Free School Association, the Ladies Bekuscholm Society and the the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.

    1895(1stof Tishrei, 5656) Rosh Hashanah

    1895: Approximately 200 Russian Jews arrived in Norwich, CT having traveled there from Liverpool via Quebec.

    1898: “Anti-Semitic Movement Threatening In Algeria” published today described the attempts undermine the well-being of the Jewish community there including the rising influence of Édouard Adolphe Drumont, the founder of the Anti­-Semitic League of France and the plans of the new Governor  “to suppress the Jewish Consistories in Algeria.”

    1898: Stanford E. Moses who had served as Assistant Engineer aboard the U.S.S. Brooklyn during the Spanish-American War was promoted today Passed Assistant Engineer and assigned to the U.S.S. Oregon.

    1898: Ensign William O. Cohn was discharged from the U.S. Navy today.

    1899: L'Osservatore Romano, the Vatican's official newspaper, runs a story about a Christian boy found dead in Hungary, his blood drained out by Jews who wanted it for their ghastly, superstitious rituals

    1899(15thof Tishrei, 5660): Sukkoth

    1899: Sixty-six year old Auguste Scheurer-Kestner, the French Protestant political leader who became a staunch defender of Dreyfus passed away today.

    1899: Following a passionate campaign by his supporters, including leading artists and intellectuals like Émile Zola, Dreyfus was pardoned by President Émile Loubet and released from prison

    1899: “The mass meeting that is being organized by Maurice Blumenthal…’to protest against the action of the Dreyfus court-martial and to have the wrong right’” which will include speeches by Jews and non-Jews is scheduled to be held this evening at Cooper Union.

    1899: Eighty-two year old Charles Patrick Daly, author of The Settlement of Jews in North America, passed away today.

    1901:  Birthdate of Hungarian born, American movie producer Joseph Pasternak. His more than ninety movies include Anchors Away and Date With Judy.

    1901: As memorial services were held today for the late President William McKinley, approximately five hundred Jews attended services at the Sons of Israel Synagogue, where Rabbi Leventhal led prayers for Teddy Roosevelt who was now President of the United States.

    1901: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi B.A. Elzas officiated at the wedding of Sam T. Weil and Hattie Sternberg.

    1903(27thof Elul, 5663): Seventy year old German Jewish businessman Ernst Jacob Oppert best known for his attempt to use the remains of deceased Korean to create a business advantage, passed away today.

    1904(10th of Tishrei, 5665): Yom Kippur

    1904: Birthdate of Avot Yeshurun, a Ukrainian born “Israeli poet who wove Arabic and Yiddish idiom into a unique and influential form of Hebrew verse.”

    1905: In Zurich communist writer Erich Vallentin and his wife gave birth to Judith Vallentin who as Judith Auer would become a fighter against the Nazis – a stance for which she would be hung in 1944.

    1907(11thof Tishrei, 5668): Sixty-four year old “Major Louis Alexander Gratz,” the son of “Salomon and Henrietta Gratz” passed away today after which he was buried in Knoxville, TN.

    1907: After three years, Hyman Liberman completed his service as Mayor of Cape Town,

    1909(4thof Tishrei, 5670): Tzom Gedaliah observed

    1909: Birthdate of Richard Edward “Dick” Fishel, the star University of Syracuse football player who went to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers, a team in the NFL.

    1909: It was reported today that Rabbi A.R. Levy of Chicago “has obtained control of a large track of land in Georgia” which he plans on making available to “Jewish immigrants who want to become farmers.”

    1910: In New York City, Bessie Ida Ginsberg and movie producer Jesse Lasky, Sr. gave birth to author Jesse L. Lasky, Jr.

    1908: Birthdate of Victor Frederick Weisskopf an Austrian-born Jewish American theoretical physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project and then later worked to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

    1911: An agreement was reached that ended the strike of garment makers guaranteeing that high fashioned clothing will be available for the fall and winter seasons.  The employers were represented by Julius Henry Cohen and the workers were represented by Meyer London.  Men of the quality of Louis Brandeis and Louis Marshall will serve on the Board of Arbitration established by the settlement.

    1911: In London, England the Behtnal Green Board of Guardians reverses its previous decision to reject the bid of Jewish contractors, but the Jews decided not to accept the contract.

    1912(8thof Tishrei, 5673): Mrs. Lina Scheindling passed away today.

    1913: David and Eva Cohen, both of whom were buried in the Ahavash Sholom cemetery in Baltimore County, MD, gave birth to Aaron Cohen

    1914: Erev Shabbat, the German 9th Army was formed near Breslau so that it could support its weaker Austrian ally in the fight against the Russians on the Eastern Front.

    1915: It was reported today Leon Sanders of President of the Hebrews Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society had spoken at the afternoon Yom Kippur service being held for 100 Jews at the immigration station on Ellis Island on the topic “The Od World and the New.”

    1916: It was reported today that the Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies “was organized recently for the purpose of collecting and receiving donations for member society or for equitable distribution among them, it being the idea of the organizers that more could be obtained for philanthropic work through a pooling of interests and that the distribution of benefits would be more businesslike.”  (Editor’s Note – sounds like a one hundred year old description of the reasons for the existence of United Way.)

    1916: In New York, Dr. Rachmiel Auerbach, and, Sonia Lubove Kamenetsky, a feminist and Labor Zionist gave birth to Hilda Auerbach who gained fame as poet Hilda Morely

    1917(3rd of Tishrei, 5678): Tzom Gedaliah

    1917: Anti-Jewish riots in Tunis cause five Jews to be injured, and their shops pillaged and vandalized.

    1917: Furloughs granted to U.S. soldiers and sailors so that they could observe the Jewish New Year came to an end.

    1918: The British under General Allenby began the last major offensive against the Turks in that part of the Ottoman Empire that would later include the state of Israel.  The Jewish Brigade would play an active role in this campaign, which would include the conquest of the land east of the Jordan and all the way to Damascus.

    1918: In Chicago, Rose Alice Alschuler, the daughter of Charles and Mary Haas, and Alfred Samuel Alschler gave birth to John H. Alschuler

    1918: Once again, another Battle of Megiddo begins – this time it is the Ottomans versus the British Imperial forces fighting on the biblical battlefield.

    1918: Abraham Blaustein who “immortalized in a poem ‘Blaustein of the Irish” by John O’Keefe was promoted to the rank of Sergeant while serving on the Western Front with the 165th Regiment which had originally been the 69thor “Irish” Regiment.

    1923(9th of Tishrei, 5684): Erev Yom Kippur

    1924: Today, “at the 7th Berkshire Festival of Chamber Music, the Lenox Quarter” co-founded by its first violinist Sandor Harmati, “took part in the first performance of “La Belle Dame Sans Merci.”

    1925(1stof Tishrei, 6586): Rosh Hashanah

    1925: In “Bread Givers Paints Vivid Scene” published today Fanny Butcher claimed that Bread Givers“a three-volume novel by Anzia Yezierska “narrates the life of poverty in the struggle for success and education calling it a Cinderella story.

    1925: At Temple Ansche Chesed, Dr. Jacob Kohn delivered a sermon on “God and Man as the Builders of a People.”

    1925: At the Montefiore Congregation in the Bronx, “Dr. Jacob Katz, the Jewish chaplain at Sing Sing spoke about the significance of the Shofar.”

    1925: At Shaary Tefila in Far Rockaway, Dr. Norman Sale told congregates that “The call of the shofar rouses us to self-investigation” compelling “us to hark back to the days of Sinai’s breathless experience.”

    1925: At the Institutional Synagogue, Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein told congregants that “the Jews the world over hear this day the sounding of the Shofar as a call to awake from spiritual lethargy to spiritual zeal and to arouse us to repent and resolve to lead and to live a life full of faith, piety and good deeds.”

    1925: At Congregation B’nai Jeshurun, Dr. Israel Goldstein delivered a sermon on “The Jew Today” in which he said “the most obvious contrast between the conditions of the Jew today and his condition 100 years ago when our congregation was founded is the situation in Palestine, the land of eternal promise.”

    1928: “The New Moon,” an operetta with music by Sigmund Romberg and book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II, Frank Mandel, and Laurence Schwab opened on Broadway at the Imperial Theatre.

    1929: New York attorney Jonah Goldstein and his wife arrived in Palestine aboard the SS Bremen.  Goldstein had been sent by Jewish organizations in the United States to assess the philanthropic needs of the community in Eretz Israel and to report on the real facts behind the Arab violence including the behavior of the British mandatory government.

    1929: According to the Jerusalem correspondent of the London Financial News, the total amount of damages from the recent Arab inspired violence in Palestine will exceed five million dollars.  Damages in Hebron are reported to be in excess of three quarters of a million dollars. 

    1929: In an article telegraphed tonight, “the Jerusalem correspondent of The Daily Mail reports that continuance of peace ‘hangs by a slender thread.’”  Furthermore the situation is so tense, that the only guarantee of security lies with the presence of a British military presence.

    1931: Final session of the 154th New York State Legislature in which Carol Pack represented the third district of Bronx County in the State Assembly.

    1934(10thof Tishrei, 5695): Yom Kippur

    1934: A German carpenter, Bruno Hauptmann, who would be prosecuted by Attorney General David T. Wilentz, the Jewish immigrant from Latvia, was arrested today in connection with the kidnapping of Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr., the infant son of “The Lone Eagle.”

    1934: Detroit outfielder and slugger Hank Greenberg refuses to play on Yom Kippur.

    1934: Birthdate of Brian Epstein, manager of the Beatles.

    1936: Birthdate of Cyril Kitchener Harris, the Glasgow, Scotland native who served as Chief Rabbi of South Africa from 1987 to 2004.

    1936: Seventy-five year old Meier Dizengoff, the Mayor of Tel Aviv, is stricken with pneumonia. The illness will prove fatal.

    1936: “Dr. Alexander Rosenfeld, vice president of the Maccabee Sports Organization, the governing sports body in Palestine,” today described “an ambitious sports program now under way in Palestine” that has at is objective participation in the 1940 Olympic Games to be held in Japan.

    1936: Today “at a meeting of Cabinet Ministers including Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Malcolm MacDonald, Dominions…it was decided to delay making a declaration on martial law in Palestine until the situation further develops.”

    1936: In Romania, “a military court sentenced five Jews two of whom were women, to ten years’ imprisonment for having shouted ‘Down with fascism!’ during a demonstration on the city’s main street.”

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that Palestine Arabs welcomed the statement made by Egyptian Foreign Minister Butrus Ghali Pasha, expressing firm opposition to the country's partition. The Arabs declared that they might boycott the new League of Nations Commission which was expected to come to Palestine for an ad-hoc inquiry on how to effect and determine details of such partition.

    1937(14thof Tishrei, 5698): Erev Sukkot

    1937(14thof Tishrei, 5698): Fifty-nine year old Odessa native Samuel Goldstein, who appeared in English and Yiddish films in the United States from 1912 until 1937 passed away

    1938: Two days after he had passed away, a funeral is scheduled to be held today for Pittsburgh attorney A. Leo Weil.

    1939: German forces occupied the Polish city of Lukow and began killing the local Jews.

    1940: Nazi decree forbidding non-Jews to work for Jews in their homes or businesses was promulgated.  This ban included forbidding gentile women from working in Jewish homes, which seems a little odd given the conditions under which the Jews were living by 1940.

    1941: In Baltimore, “Phillip Cohen and his wife the former Bessie Levine” gave birth to Ellen Naomi Cass, who changed her name to Cass Elliot and moved to New York and gained fame as Mama Cass singing with the Mamas and the Pappas.

    1941: Birthdate of Swiss filmmaker Markus Imhoof who “won a Silver Bear prize…for ‘The Boat is Full’” a movie that portrayed “Switzerland’s decision to send Jewish refugees back to certain death in Germany during World War Two.”

    1941: Germany captured Kiev. This military victory opened one of the darkest chapters of the Holocaust.

    1941(27th of Elul, 5701): Thousands of Jews are murdered at Zhitomir, Ukraine

    1941: As per the Nazi decree of September 1, 1941, the Jews of Slovakia, Bohemia, and Moravia are required to wear identifying Yellow Stars.

    1942(8thof Tishrei, 5703): Seventy-three year old Solomon “Sol” Peyser, the son of Philip Peyser and Natalie Ann Kilinski and the husband of Eva Dux who had served as President of Rodef Shalom in Newport News, VA, passed today following which he was buried in Washington, DC, his home town.

    1942: Three thousand Jews of Tuczyn were ordered into a ghetto. Five days later Germans and Ukrainians raided the ghetto. As resistance is put up by a small band of Jews armed with axes and petrol resisted the attack. Two thousand Jews made their escape to the forests. One thousand of them were found and shot. Three hundred starving women and children came back to the ghetto. In all, only 15 would survive the war.

    1942: Today, as captured on film, the local police deported the Jews from Hollerich, Luxemburg.

    1944(2nd of Tishrei, 5705): Rosh Hashanah II

    1944: After the Danish polices balked at providing the protection demanded by the Nazis the German army arrested 1,960 policemen and deported them to German concentration and prisoner-of-war camps. (These are the same Danes who a year earlier had rescued most of their Jewish countrymen and took them to Sweden.)

    1944(2nd of Tishrei, 5705): Almost the entire population of the Klooga Camp was killed in the German attempt to silence the witnesses. The number included 1,500 Jews and 800 Russian prisoners-of-war.

    1944(2ndof Tishrei, 5705): “A few days before the Soviet army liberated the Klooga slave labor camp in Estonia, the Germans and their Estonian collaborators murdered more than 2,000 Jews”

    1944: The Continuation War, the sideshow to WW II fought between the Finns and the Soviets came to an end today when the Finns surrendered to the Russians.  The Finns had been forced to ally themselves with the Germans, since the Allies had refused to come to their aid when the Russians invaded the country.  There were Jews serving in Finland’s Army which ironically meant that the Nazis had “Jewish allies.”

    1944: In Tel Aviv, Moshe Sneh, one of the leaders of the Haganah and his wife gave birth to Efriam Sneh who would have made any Jewish mother proud since he was both a doctor and a general in the IDF.

    1945: Birthdate of musician David Bromberg. Bromberg grew up in Tarrytown, New York. Inspired by the music of Pete Seeger and the Weavers, among others, he began studying the guitar at age 13. After graduating from Tarrytown High School, he enrolled at Columbia University intent on a career as a musicologist. According to one critic, the man who backed up Bob Dylan “fits no pigeonholes. He is part of everything contemporarily musical. He is a product of blues, country, jazz, folk, and classical music. From his early success as a guitar virtuoso, Mr. Bromberg has developed into a brilliant entertainer.”

    1948: Laurence Steinhardt completed his service as U.S. ambassador to Czechoslovakia.

    1950: More than one thousand peoples including the acting Mayor of New York, Foreign Minister Sharett, Ambassador “Aubrey Eban, Counsel General Arthur Lourie, a delegation of the city’s jurists and leaders of the Jewish community attended funeral services led by Rabbi Edward E. Klein for City Magistrate and Zionist leader Morris Rothenberg at the Stephen S. Wise Free Syngagouge.

    1950: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Danger” a drama anthology series for which Sidney Lumet directed “hundreds of episodes.”

    1950: “The Toast of New Orleans” a musical directed by Norman Taurog, produced by Joe Pasternak, with a script co-authored by Sy Gomberg and music by Nicholas Brodszky premiered in New Orleans.

    1951: The Israeli Cabinet approved submitting an offer to sign non-aggression pacts with her four Arab neighbors to the United Nations Palestine Conciliation Commission meeting in Paris.

    1951: The 37th annual convention of Hadassah comes to a close in Atlantic City, NJ.  During the convention, Mrs. Samuel W. Halprin, national president of Hadassah, presented “an analysis of the future role of the Zionist movement and the stand taken on various controversial issues that were discussed at the World Zionist Congress.”  Mrs. Halprin had led the 32 member Hadassah delegation to that recently held meeting.

    1951: According to a survey conducted by the government of Israel that was released today, ‘rationed and other available supplies constituting Israel’s austerity food basket in 1950 provided adequate nourishment…However, part of the public faced malnutrition because it could not afford buy all the supplies to which it is entitled or because it rejected part of the austerity diet because of food habits.”  The team used the consumption of 2,400 calories as the baseline and a quarter of those interviewed in the sample consumed 2,400 or fewer calories per day.  [Ed. Note: For those who have only known Israel as prosperous nation with a reasonably high standard of living, it may come as a shock that economic privation was the order of the day during much of state’s early years of existence.]

    1952: The Jerusalem Post announced that Dr. E.F. Shinnar, who led the Israeli delegation to the reparation talks at The Hague, was expected to accept the post of the head of the Israeli Reparations Purchasing Mission in Germany. He had just completed successful negotiations with British oil companies concerning regular oil deliveries to Israel from German sterling credits placed at Israel's disposal for the next two years.

    1952: The US bars Charlie Chaplin from reentering the country after a trip to England

    1952: Television debut of “The Adventures of Superman” – the small screen version of the legendary hero created by two Jewish boys, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster in 1938.

    1954: “The seventh season of Philco Television Playhouse began” tonight with a performance of Paddy Chafefsky’s “Middle of the Night” which would open on Broadway in 1956 with Edward G. Robinson (born Emanuel Goldenberg) in the leading male role.

    1955(3rdof Tishrei, 5716): Tzom Gedaliah

    1956: Birthdate of Dr. Jodi Magness, the holder of a B.A. in Archaeology and History from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem “the Kenan Distinguished Professor for Teaching Excellence in Early Judaism at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who has overseen “digs” at Masada, Khirbet Yattir, Yotvata and Huqoq.

    1956: ITV broadcast the first episode of “The Buccaneers” a dramatic series co-produced by Hannah Weinstein.

    1960(27thof Elul, 5720): Seventy-year old Gerald Rufus Isaacs, 2nd Marquess of Reading the British barrister who held several positions under Prime Ministers Churchill and Eden including Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and was the husband of Eva Violet Mond, the daughter of the 1st Baron Melchett passed away today leaving the way open for his son Michael to assume his titles.

    1961(9thof Tishrei, 5722): Kol Nidre is chanted for the first time during the Presidency of John Kennedy.

    1961: NBC broadcast the first episode of “Cain’s Hundred,” a crime series with scripts by Eliot Asinof, Fred Freiberg, directed by Irvin Kershner, Sydney Pollack and Boris Sagal, and featuring appearances by Edward Asner, Martin Balsam, Sammy Davis, Jr., Jack Klugman, Leonard Nimoy, Norman Fell and Don Rickles.

    1963(1stof Tishrei, 5724): Rosh Hashanah

    1963: In Rye, UK, Sarah Venetia d'Avigdor-Goldsmid, the daughter of Sir Henry Joseph d'Avigdor-Goldsmid, 2nd Baronet, DSO and Rosemary Margaret d'Avigdor-Goldsmid passed away today in a sailing mishap.

    1963: The Dodgers' regular rotation called for Sandy Koufaxto work the last game. But Koufax refused because he does not pitch on the Jewish holidays. 

    1964: U.S. premiere of Michael Roemer’s “Nothing But a Man” co-starring Yaphet Kotto.+

    1964(14thof Tishrei, 5725): Erev Sukkoth

    1964: Funeral services were held today for Ann Klauber Berson the wife of Leonard R. Berson and daughter of Ethel Klauber and Leo Klauber, Treasurer and Board Member of the Emanu-El Midtown Y.M.Y.W.H.A.

    1964: At noon today, in Brooklyn funeral services were held for Samuel Abramowitz, the husband of Lillian Cohen Abramowitz and father of Judyth A. Weisser and Marcia A. Aronson

    1966(5thof Tishrei, 5727): Seventy-one year old Frank J. Cohen, the dentist who served as director of the “Lavenburg-Corner Youth House” and a “Consultant on Community Relations” with NYU passed away today in his native New York City.

    1968: U.S. Premiere of William Wyler’s “Funny Girl” a musical based on the life of Fanny Brice starring Barbra Streisand.

    1968(26th of Elul, 5728): One member of the IDF was killed and 4 of his comrades were wounded in a terrorist ambush near Jenin.

    1969: “Marlowe” a detective movie reminiscent of the 1940’s genre featuring music by Peter Matz was released in Germany today.

    1969: Time publishes “The War and the Woman”

    1970: “There Was A Crooked Man” a dark, comedic western directed and produced by Joseph Mankiewicz and starring Kirk Douglas was released in France today.

    1971(29thof Elul, 5731): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1971: William F. Albright passes away at the age of 80. This American Methodist archaeologist was Professor of Semitic languages at Johns Hopkins for nearly 30 years, he penned over 1,000 articles and books, and led several Near Eastern expeditions which excavated the biblical sites of Gibeah, Bethel and Petra. Albright was not Jewish, but his work has certainly had its impact on our understanding of how the ancient Israelites might have lived.

    1972(11th of Tishrei, 5733): A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.

    1974: Drummer Max “Weinberg's first public performance came today, at The Main Point in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.”

    1975: “Alexander Slepak, 23, elder son of Moscow activist Vladimir Slepak, was sent to prison on charges of “loitering.”

    1975: In France, Jews begin a weeklong show of solidarity with the Jews in the Soviet Union.

    1976(24th of Elul, 5736): Proving that some people never really retire, Rabbi Moses J. Shragowitz of Congregation Knesset Tifereth Israel in Port Chester, N.Y., passed away today in Glenville, Conn., while conducting a memorial service. He was 81 years old and had served the Port Chester congregation since 1937.

    1976(24th of Elul, 5536): Ninety year old Yehezkel Abrmasky, the Lithuanian born rabbi who served five years in Siberia for opposing Stalin before arriving in London where he served as head of the United Synagogue’s Beth Din from 1935 to 1951 and then retired in Jerusalem, passed away today.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that fund-raisers abroad agreed to help Prime Minister Menachem Begin to finance housing for 45,000 Israeli families living in sub-standard flats. Begin asked the UJA contributors to double their efforts in honor of the state's 30th anniversary.

    1977: Ed Koch won the Democratic Mayoral Runoff Primary today.

    1977: At a meeting between President Carter and Foreign Minister Dayan in Washington, Carter renewed his opposition to any more settlements on the West Bank.

    1980: “Ordinary People” co-starring Judd Hirsh, featuring Dinah Manoff, with music by Marvin Hamlisch was released in the United States today by Paramount Pictures.

    1980: “Fifty-three year old Moscow refusenik Dmitri Shchiglik, a mechanical engineer, was sentenced to one year imprisonment on charges of “parasitism.”

    1980: “Melvin and Howard” a comedy written by Bo Goldman was released today in the United States by Universal Pictures.

    1981: Simon and Garfunkel reunited for a concert in New York City's Central Park.

    1982(2nd of Tishrei, 5743): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1984: Birthdate of Danny Valencia the Miami native who played baseball at UNC, Greensboro and the University of Miami before being drafted by the Minnesota Twins in 2010.

    1986: “Where the River Runs Black” an American movie filmed entirely in Brazil produced by Joe Roth was released today in the United States.

    1988: Israel launched its first satellite for secret military reconnaissance.

    1991: NBC broadcast the first episode of the 8th and final season “The Cosby Show” created by Ed. Weinberger today.

    1993(4th of Tishrei, 5754): Since the 3rd of Tishrei fell on Shabbat Tzom Gedaliah is observed today.

    1994: Abner J. Mikva completed his service as Chief Judge of United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

    1996: NBC broadcast the first episode of Season Six of “Seinfeld” this evening.

    1997: “In & Out” a comedy produced by Scott Rudin, written by Paul Rudnick with music by Marc Shaiman was released by Paramount Pictures today.

    1997: “Hacks” a movie about script writing featuring Tom Arnold and  Lisa Kudrow was released today in the United States.

    1999: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Waging Peace: Israel and the Arabs at the End of the Centuryby Itamar Rabinovich, The Schools Our Children Deserve: Moving Beyond Traditional Classrooms and Tougher Standards by Alfie Kohn and A Joyful Noise: Claiming the Songs of My Fathersby Deborah Weisgall. In this case the father was “her father, the modernist opera composer Hugo Weisgall, who was born in Bohemia but grew up largely in America; like so many European Jews, he lost family during World War II, but he also served as an American G.I. and bore specific scars from helping to liberate Terezin.”

    2002(12thof Tishrei, 5763): Shoshana (Rosanna) Siso, 63, of Gan Yavneh; Ofer Zinger, 29, of Moshav Petza'el; Solomon Hoenig, 79, of Tel Aviv; Yossi Mamistavlov, 39 of Or Yehuda; Yaffa Shemtov, 49, of Tel Aviv and Jonathan (Yoni) Jesner, 19, of Glasgow, Scotland were murdered and 70 more people were injured when a Palestinian terrorists set off a bomb aboard a bus on Allenby Street as passed in front of the Great Synagogue in Tel Aviv.

    2002: Dr. Samuel H. Rosalsky sent an e-mail in which he acknowledged that Judge Otto Rosalsky, his “grandfather’s cousin” “was a very tough NYC judge who was embarrassed that so many of those brought before him were “his fellows Jews” and “threw the book at them” in a successful effort to clean “up the Jewish community at turn of the century,” establishing “a community sense of ethics that heretofore had not existed.”

    2003: In a letter of this date, Kenneth Jacobson, Associate National Director Anti-Defamation League reported the acceptance of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s apology for his comment that Benito Mussolini was a benign dictator and expressed regret for the pain it caused the Jewish community.

    2004: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including The Fallsby Joyce Carol Oates, My Old Manby Amy Sohn and an essay by Philip Roth entitled “The Story behind the Plot against America.”

    2004: The third season of the television series “The Wire” a gritty look at the world of crime, police and politics in Baltimore created by David Simon, commenced airing in the United States

    2004: “If at First You Don’t Succeed, Believe Harder,” published today provided a look a look at the life and work of Rosabeth Moss Kanter.

    2005: Sixty years after the end of World War II, German elections took a strange twist.  In reporting on the elections held over the weekend, Haaretz quoted assurances by both of the major candidates that they would maintain positive relations with Israel and work to fight any outbreak of anti-Semitism in Europe. 

    2005: President Moshe Katsav laid the foundation stone for Estonia's first synagogue since the Holocaust when the Nazis boasted there was not a single Jew left in the Baltic nation. Katsav also laid a wreath at the site of the Klooga concentration camp deep in the Estonian forest. Klooga was closed in 1944 after the SS shot the last of its prisoners, who included Jews from Estonia and elsewhere in Europe. "At this place, on this day, Jews from Vilnius, Poland and other countries were killed," Katsav said in a ceremony at the Klooga site attended by Estonian President Arnold Ruutel, 40 students from Tallinn Jewish school and local Jewish leaders. Today, around 3,000 Jews live in Estonia. Their chief rabbi, Shmuel Kot, told Reuters at the Klooga ceremony that the local Jewish community now wanted to look ahead. "We are looking to the future and part of the future is the visit of the president of Israel to Estonia and the laying of the foundation stone for the first synagogue since 1944," he said. Katsav, who spent the day in Estonia as the first leg of a Baltic tour also taking in Latvia and Lithuania, said he did not see any residual anti-Semitism in Estonia.

    2006: At a an official ceremony took place in Bordeaux’s Jewish cemetery, attended by senior dignitaries from the local Jewish community as well as Israeli representatives during which the bodies of Herzl’s children Hans and Pauline Herzl were removed from the cemetery and taken to Israel for reburial.

    2006: In a sad commentary on the 21st century, Yale University announced the creation of the first university based center in North America dedicated to the study of anti-Semitism.  Yale cited a growing number of anti-Semitic episodes around the world as the driving force behind this.  In the announcement Yale officials did not say whether they considered the admission of an official of the Talbian as a student at Yale one of these harbingers of a growth in anti-Semitism.

    2007: The Tenth Annual Israeli Music Celebration ends with a piano concerto by Paul Ben Haim, performed by Gila Goldstein and the Jerusalem Symphony at the Jerusalem Theater's Henry Crown Hall. Ben Haim, considered the father of Israeli classical music, immigrated to Palestine from Germany in the early '30s. The encounter with various Jewish traditions completely changed the style of this composer, brought up in the German tradition. Goldstein, who started her musical education in Jerusalem and has built an impressive globetrotting career after graduating from the Manhattan School of Music, has dedicated a major part of her career to promoting Israeli music throughout he world. Speaking from her New York home, she says she feels enthusiastic about reintroducing "this brilliant concerto, which has not been performed in Israel for 24 years. This piece, written in 1948, is based on a folk song the composer heard from singer Bracha Zefira. In a way, it is close to concerti by Bartok and Prokofiev, while still an absolutely original piece."

    2007: In New York as part of the Jews & Justice Program, The Center for Jewish History & American and the Jewish Historical Society present“Jewish Lawyers in the Civil Rights Movement” which features a prestigious panel that explores the Jewish community's involvement in this important historical movement in the United States.

    2007: A bill protecting travelers from denial of life insurance simply because they travel to Israel cleared the U.S. House of Representatives in a 312-110 vote. The measure now needs to be approved by the Senate and signed by the president. It comes in the wake of cases where insurers modified coverage because of the perceived danger of travel to countries such as Israel. The law, if passed, would specify that insurers can't consider past or future "lawful foreign travel" in providing coverage, though there would be exceptions for destinations with high alerts from the Center for Disease Control and where there is ongoing military conflict involving armed forces of a sovereign nation.

    2007:The secretary of the ministerial committee wrote to the lawyer representing Neta Shoshani, informing him that 10 days earlier the committee had extended the ban on publication of some of the documents and photos pertaining to Deir Yassin for five more years, until 2012.

    2007: After serving as acting chancellor for 14 months, George R. Blumenthal was named the 10th Chancellor of UC Santa Cruz.

    2008: At the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival Georgetown University

     Professor Jacques Berlinerblau discussesThumpin' It: The Use and Abuse of the Bible in

     Today's Presidential Politics

    2008: Today in a “radio interview with Aimee Allison and Philip Maldari on Pacifica Radio's KPFA 94.1 FM in Berkeley, California, Joseph Stiglitz implied that President Clinton and his economic advisors would not have backed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) had they been aware of stealth provisions, inserted by lobbyists, that they overlooked.”

    2008: “After having performed at a college event with frequent collaborator Travis Barker, Adam Michael Goldstein was seriously injured when a Learjet in which he was traveling crashed on takeoff in Columbia, South Carolina. The crash killed both crew members and two other passengers, and critically injured Goldstein and Barker

    2009 (1 Tishrei, 5770): Rosh Hashanah – 5770 טובהלשׁנה

    2009 (1 Tishrei, 5770): Ninety four year old Milton Meltzer, noted historian and author, passed away today. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

    2009 (1 Tishrei, 5770):Eighty-four year old Stuart Hample, who brought laughter to people of all ages, passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2009: In “Hollywood Fights Back Against Anti-Israel Sentiment” Tina Daunt described how members of the American entertainment community are dealing with the actions and statements of their counterparts who claim that they are not anti-Semites, just opposed to Israel.

    2010: A screening of “Jaffa” is scheduled to take place at 14th Annual Jewish Film Festival of Dallas (TX).

    2010: Israel is ready to enter peace negotiations with Syria "right away," Shimon Peres told the United Nations General Assembly. In his address today in New York to the international body's annual meeting -- the Nation's Millennium Development Goals summit -- Peres also said he believed that a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the only "peaceful alternative," adding, "and I believe that we shall succeed."

    2010: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “The Balfour Declaration: The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict” by Jonathan Schneer

    2010: On the day after Yom Kippur, Ryan Braun of the Milwaukee Brewers “hit a two-run homer, accounting for all of Milwaukee’s runs in a 9-2 loss. Braun had played on Yom Kippur when he went 3 for five to help his team defeat the San Francisco Giants. (As reported by Ron Kaplan)

    2010: In a surprising turn of event, Prime Minister Netanyahu will fly to Washington, DC today.  The visit follows a meeting held at Sharm el-Sheikh with Palestinian Authority chairman Mahmoud Abbas where discussions were held concerning “core issues” a term that “refers to Israeli concessions, including the status of Jerusalem and the holy sites within it, as well as final borders and the Arab demand that descendants of Arab residents who fled decades ago be allowed into Israel.”

    2011(20thof Elul): Yahrzeit of Dr. Jacob  Levin, of blessed memory, beloved husband of Betty, loving father of Michael (Gigi Cohen) Levin, Stephen (Dian Garton) Levin, Sharon (Philip) Wein and Lawrence (Sandra Morrison) Levin and proud Zaide to a whole tribe of grandchildren.   To his brother Joe, he was the incomparable “Yaenkel” and to me his was my wonderful Uncle Jack – living proof that good guys finish first.

    2011: A Middle East Forum sponsored by The Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Washington featuring Elliot Abrams, David Makovsky and Amos Yadlin is scheduled to take place tonight at the JCC of Northern Virginia.

    2011: The Amerigo Trio – Inbal Segev, cellist; Glen Dicterow, violinist; Karen Dreyfus, violist – is scheduled to perform at the 2011 New York Chamber Music Festival

    2011: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu - who is scheduled to fly to the US tomorrow evening – said tonight that he would like to meet with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in New York. "I call on the PA chair to open direct negotiations in New York that will continue in Jerusalem and Ramallah" Netanyahu said.

    2011: A 26-year-old man from the West Bank settlement of Eli was arrested on today on suspicion of being involved in a vandalism and sabotage attack on an IDF base earlier this month. 2012(3rd of Tishrei, 5773): Fast of Gedaliah

    2012(3rdof Tishrei, 5773): Eighty-nine year old attorney and negotiations expert Gerard I. Nierenberg passed away. (As reported by William Yardley)

    2012: “In the Shadow of Memory: Legacies of Lidice” is scheduled to be shown in Washington, DC, as part of the film series “Docs in Salute” which focuses “on interesting personalities who have been touched by Jewish themes.

    2012: Team Israel is scheduled to play South Africa in the opening round of the World Baseball Classic (WBC)

    2012: The funeral of Haim Hefer who passed away yesterday is scheduled to take place today.

    2012: The IDF held a surprise large-scale drill on the Golan Heights today, as turmoil continued to rock Syria across the northern border

    2013: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform in Towson, MD

    2013(15th of Tishrei, 5774): Sukkoth

    2013: “Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired a rocket at southern Israel this morning. The projectile triggered an air raid siren in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council area and landed in an open area near the security fence bordering Gaza.” (As reported by Yaakov Lappin)

    2014: “The results of a competition for a memorial” for the victims of the attack on the Israeli team at the 1972 Munich Games are scheduled to be announced today. (As reported by Times of Israel)

    2014: The Coe College Music is scheduled to host the Homecoming Showcase Concert under the direction of Musical Maven William S. Carson

    2014: The Israel Ballet is scheduled to perform at the Phasa Morgana Festival.

    2014: The Vengerov Festival, featuring violinist Maxim Vengerov is scheduled to open at the Charles Bronfman Auditorium.

    2014: Speaking at the United Nations, Iran’s deputy Foreign Minister said that “that destroying the Islamic State will require Israel leaving Palestine,” a strange comment coming from the representative from a nation that has called for the destruction of Israel.

    2014(24th of Elul, 5774): Seventy-nine year old director, screenwriter and author Avraham Heffner who won the Ophir Award passed away today.

    2014: “A Jewish museum in Vienna returned a painting, ‘The Coffe Hour’ that was seized by the Nazis in 1938 to the artist's grandnieces today, part of a wider move in Austria to deal with art illegally acquired after Germany annexed the country in 1938.”

    2014: Comedian and social commentator Lewis Black is scheduled to appear in Albuquerque, NM.

    2014: In Omaha, Nebraska, graveside services are scheduled to be held at Beth El Cemetery for Dr. Guinter Kahn who escaped Nazi Germany to become a leading dermatologist and who is survived by “by the love of his life, Judy Felsenstein; son and daughter-in-law Bruce and Deborah Kahn, grandchildren Nathan and Emma Kahn; daughter Michelle Kahn, and brother and sister-in-law Marcel and Ilse Kahn.”

    2015(6th of Tishrei, 5776): Shabbat Shuvah

    2015(6th of Tishrei, 5776): Seventy-nine year old Mishael Cheshin, a former Justice on the Israeli Supreme Court lost his battle with cancer today. (As reported by Yaron Druckman, Telem Yahav, and Raanan Ben-Zur)

    2015: In Phoenix, Lewis Black is scheduled to perform at the Comerica Theatre.

    2015: The final performance of “A Happy End” a “new play by Iddo Netanyahu” is scheduled to be presented by the City College of New York’s Division of Humanities and the Arts today.

    2016: In “How Pop Culture Wore Out Leonard Cohen’s ‘Hallelujah’” published today Nick Murray described how the song had become so ubiquitous “that the songwriter once asked for a break from his own track.”

    2016: In “GOP pushes U.S. citizens in Israel to vote for Trump” published today William Booth and Ruth Eglash described efforts to Americans living in Israel including Rabbi Chaim Spring “who hadn’t voted in a U.S. election in 25 years” to vote for the GOP candidate.

    2016: In “They risked their lives to rescue scores of people from the Nazis. Few knew their story until now” published today Nick Anderson reviewed the documentary “Defying the Nazis: The Sharp’s War” which tells the tale of two Unitarians, Reverend Waitsill Sharp and his wife Martha who risked everything to save a least 125 people, most Jews, from the clutches of the Holocaust.

    2016: Today, officials of the city of Jerusalem announced their “intention to prosecute minimarkets that continued doing business on Saturdays in the city center.”

    2016: The 16thAnnual National Conference of the Jewish National Fund is scheduled to come to an end in NYC.

    2016: “Two police officers were wounded in a stabbing attack outside Herod’s Gate in Jerusalem’s Old City this  morning … as a fresh wave of attacks in Jerusalem and the West Bank persisted for a fourth straight day.”

    2016: The New Yorker published “How Can I Help?” by Rivka Galchen.

    2016: Traffic “jams were reported on highways all over the country this morning as railway workers installed tracks for the new express train between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, as well as doubled the lines between Herzliya and Tel Aviv.”

    2017: The program for the 21stUK International Film Festival which begins on November 9 is scheduled to go on line today.

    2017: “Foxtrot,” Samuel Maoz’s internationally acclaimed film about parents mourning the loss of their son killed during army duty, will be “one of the films competing for honors at the Ophir Awards scheduled for today.

    2017: JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “The Green Park,” a documentary about the seaside hotel with the kosher kitchen that “was a key hub of Anglo-Jewish life for over forty years” starting in 1943.

    2018(10th of Tishrei): On the Jewish calendar, 45th anniversary of the Yom Kippur War, a sneak attack started on the Fast Day which happened to coincide with Shabbat, which was another failed attempt to destroy Israel.

    2018: “Israeli Equestrian Rider Dan Kramer” will not be taking part in the 2018 FEI World Equestrian Games for Combined Driving which are scheduled to begin today because it is Yom Kippur.

    2018(10th of Tishrei, 5779): Yom Kippur; for more see





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    September 20

    357 B.C.E.: Birthdate of Alexander the Great.  Alexander's eastern conquests would bring the Jews in contact with Greek Culture.  The conflict between Greek and Jewish values would become a dominant motif in Jewish history over the next several centuries.  The Jewish view of Alexander was positive, if somewhat idealized.

    1187: Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.  When the siege ended in October, the Moslems recaptured the city leading to the near collapse of Christian control in the Holy Land. Saladin allowed the Jews to return to the City of David from which they had been banned by the Christian Crusaders. (Did they realize that this meant Jesus would not have been able to live in Jerusalem?)  Saladin’s victory would lead to the Third Crusade.

    1540: The first auto da fe in Lisbon of those forcibly converted to Christianity (conversos) is held. The term auto da fe literally means act of faith.  In point of fact it was a public execution in the form of a burning at the stake.

    1563: Maximilian II whose reign was “a golden age for the Jews in Prague” became King of Bohemia

    1590: French playwright and poet Robert Garnier, the author of Les Juives, passed away. “Les Juives is the moving story of the barbarous vengeance of Nebuchadnezzar on the Jewish king Zedekiah and his children. The Jewish women lamenting the fate of their children take a principal part in this tragedy, which, although almost entirely elegiac in conception, is singularly well designed, and gains unity by the personality of the prophet.”

     1701: In Great Britain, Bevis Marks Synagogue inaugurated.

    “Situated in the City of London, just off the ancient thoroughfare of Bevis Marks, the Synagogue was opened in 1701 and the oldest still in use in Britain. Jews first arrived in England with William the Conqueror, but following an edict of Edward I, were expelled from England in 1290. For more than 350 years there were no Jewish communities or places of worship in Britain. In Catholic countries the cruelties of the Inquisition forced some Jews to convert outwardly to Catholicism whilst, in secret, adhering to the faith of their fathers. In the early 17th century some of these crypto-Jews, known as Marranos', came from Portugal via Hamburg or Amsterdam, to settle in the City of London. But they were still forbidden to practice their religion openly. In 1655 a group of such Jews addressed a petition to Oliver Cromwell, requesting freedom to worship and to re-admit Jews to England. Cromwell gave tacit approval and, as a result, in 1656 the upper floor of a house in Creechuch Lane (a stone's throw from Bevis Marks) was opened for use as a place of worship. Towards the end of the century a new synagogue was planned on the Bevis Marks site. Construction was entrusted in 1699 to Joseph Avis, a Quaker, and the building was completed in 1701 at a cost of £2650; it is said that Mr. Avis refused to make a profit from building a house of God and returned all surplus money to the Congregation. It is also believed that Princess (Later Queen) Anne presented an oak beam from a Royal Navy ship for use as a roof support for the Synagogue building. In 1992 and 1993 the Synagogue suffered great damage from terrorist bomb attacks on the City of London. Nearly £200,000 was raised by donation and has since been spent in repairing and renovating the structure to return it to its former glory. As it approaches its tercentenary, the Bevis Marks Synagogue appears much as it did on its opening day in 1701.”
    1721: Thomas Dogget, the Anglo-Irish actor who played “the role” of Shylock “comically, even farcically” passed away.  (Dogget was one of a whole host of actors who played the role of the Jew without ever knowing any of them)

    1725: In Moravia, a fine of 1,000 ducats “was imposed on anyone who allowed Jews to come into possession of real estate, particularly customhouses, mills, wool-shearing sheds, and breweries.” (As reported by Jewish Virtual Library)

    1741: Handel completed the first act of “Samson,” a work based on the Biblical figure described in the Book of Judges.

    1755(15thof Tishrei, 5516): Sukkot and Shabbat

    1761: On the exact anniversary of the first auto-de-fe in Portugal, Gabriel Malagrida was burned alive on the Terreiro do Paço at Lisbon. He was to be the last victim burned in Portugal at any auto-de-fe.

    1763: In London, Joseph Gompertz and Esther Moses gave birth to Lion Gomperts, the husband of Rebecca Salomons.

    1775: Maria Theresa issued an order allowing Jews to “keep tanneries”  which was the third of three orders that would appear to show a desire to improve the economic conditions of the Jews

    1779(10th of Tishrei, 5540): Yom Kippur

    1779: Birthdate of Jacob Baiz, the native of Bayonne, France and Leah Baiz who eventually settled in St. Thomas, Virgin Islands.

    1779: Birthdate of Karl Streckfuss, the Prussian privy council who in 1833 wrote a treatise, “On the Relation of the Jews to the Christian States” in which he expressed reluctance “to recommend a universal emancipation because of the alleged moral and deficiencies of the common type of Jew. (As reported by Jacob Katz)

    1789(29th of Elul, 5549): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1798(10th of Tishrei, 5559): Yom Kippur

    1798: Birthdate of Philipp Freiherr von Schey Koromla, the native of Guns who became a successful businessman and was the first Hungarian born Jew to become a member of the Austrian nobility.

    1800(1st of Tishrei, 5561): Jews observed Rosh Hashanah for the last time with a member of the Federalist Party serving as President of the United States.

    1800: As of this Rosh Hashanah, Rabbi Nachman had returned from Palestine where he had lived since 1789 and had taken up residence in Zlatopol where the resident had asked him to name the leader for the High Holiday Services.

    1800: Moses David Friedman, the son of Dawid Friedman and Rachel Friedman gave birth to Abraham Friedman.

    1812: A.M. Rothschild is buried next to ancestor Iassk Elchanan who died in 1585.  Elchanan was the first one whose tombstone was marked with the emblem of a shield which gave rise to the Red Shield.

    1817(10thof Tishrei, 5578): Yom Kippur

    1817: In Bernberg, Saxony, Nathanael Reichenheim and Zipora Cäcilie Reichenheim gave birth to Ferdinand Reichenheim the husband of Fanny Reichenheim.

    1819(1stof Tishrei, 5580): Rosh Hashanah

    1820: Mark Jacob Nordon married Jane Arrobus at the Western Synagogue today.

    1825: Simeon Oppenheim and his wife gave birth to Samuel S. Oppenheim “one of the founders and a member of the Building Committee and Board of Management of the New West End Synagogue in London who worked on charitable activities with Rabbi Isaac M. Wise of Cincinnati.

    1836(9thof Tishrei 5597): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre chanted to the last time during the Presidency of Andrew Jackson.

    1837: Julius Singer married Rika Woolf at the New Synagogue today.

    1838(1stof Tishrei, 5599): Rosh Hashanah

    1838: Birthdate of Nathan Barnet, the native of Pozan who became mayor of Patterson, NJ and was a founder of the Miriam Barnet Hebrew Free School.

    1847(10th of Tishrei, 5608): Yom Kippur

    1848: Creation of The American Association for the Advancement of Science whose Jewish members have included Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and historian of science who served as the organizations president in 2000.

    1850: “Emperor Franz Joseph remitted the war-tax today but ordered that the Jews of Hungary without distinction should contribute toward a Jewish school fund of 1,000,000 gulden; a sum they raised within a few years.”

    1851: Birthdate of British playwright Henry Arthur Jones, author of “Judah” in 1890 and “The Triumph of the Philistines” in 1895.

    1856: During the week ending today, of the 461 people who died in New York, only one of them died at The Jew's Hospital.

    1863: During the American Civil War, the 15th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry, a Union unit that had been formed under the command of Lt. Col. Gabriel Netter left Paducah, Kentucky, and headed for McLemoresville, Tennessee. (Netter was one of several Jews to serve as ranking officer in the U.S. Army)

    1865(29th of Elul, 5625): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1865: Today's “City News” column reported that “This evening the series of annual Jewish holidays commences. The first of these is known as Rosh Hashanah, (the New-Year.) It begins this evening and terminates on Friday night. The origin of the festival is given in Leviticus xxiii., 23, 24, 25. Though not one of the three great festivals on which the male population of Israel was to appear before the Lord, it is nevertheless considered as one of the first among the principal holidays, and as such has ever been celebrated by the Sons of Jacob. A peculiar rite of this festival is the blowing of trumpets, and this is not only observed, but the hearing of the same is obligatory on all Jews. With this festival begins an era called the ten days of repentance, which is terminated by the Yom Kippur, (Day of Atonement.) This festival of New-Year is observed very strictly by the Israelites of this city, no business being transacted, and the synagogues being thronged by hundreds of devout worshipers.”

    1867: One day after she had passed away, 68 year old Elizabeth Marks was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1869(15thof Tishrei, 5630): Sukkoth is observed for the first time during the Presidency of U.S. Grant.

    1870: During the fight for the unification of Italy, Victor Emanuel seized the Capitol city of Rome. This victory would lead to the end of Rome’s Ghetto which had stood for three centuries.

    1874: Vice President Jesse Seligman chaired today’s regular meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society of New York.  The trustees unanimously adopted a motion challenging the veracity of charges of mismanagement which had first appeared in the Era magazine and then were reprinted in the New York Times.  The motion referred to the charges as “false and malicious” stating that they were made out of “animosity and malice” aimed at the chief officer of the society.  The motion called for the establishment of an independent committee to investigate the charges and report on their “truth or falsity.”

    1874(9th of Tishrei, 5635): Erev of Yom Kippur

    1874: Dr. Solomon Adler, the senior rabbi and Dr. Gustav Gottheil, his assistant, will deliver sermons in German and English during the Kol Nidre Serve at Temple Emanu-el, the major Reform congregation in New York City.

    1876(2ndof Tishrei, 5636): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1880(15thof Tishrei, 5649): Sukkoth

    1881: It was reported today that 116 Russian Jews have left Antwerp bound for New York.

    1881: Vice President Chester A. Arthur was sworn in as President following the death of President Garfield. In 1882, during Arthur’s single term as President, the United States finally ratified the Red Cross Treaty enabling the American Red Cross to join the international body.  President Arthur appointed Adolphus Simeon Solomons as one of three delegates to represent the country at the Geneva Congress, where he was elected vice-president. This was one of the earliest moves to give an American Jew a prominent position in public affairs. Solomons had been a driving force behind the creation of the American Red Cross.  It was at his home that a proposal was approved to form the Association of the American Red Cross and incorporate it in Washington, D.C.Solomons was born in New York where he began a printing business which he would later move to Washington, D.C. and expand into a full-scale publishing house. A Civil War veteran, Solomons worked to establish numerous institutions that would aide both the general population and the Jewish community.  He helped establish the first school for nurses in Washington and one of the first shelters for homeless men.  He helped to establish Mt. Sinai Hospital and the Russian Jews Immigrant Aid Society.

    1882: In MIscolcz,, Hungary, Rivka and Yehuda Leib Marmorstein gave birth to Avraham (Arthur) Marmorstein the holder of a PhD from the University of Heidelberg and S.A. Hirsch’s successor as the “lecturer in Talmud, Codes and Bible at Jews College whose son Bruno, while serving as a Captain in the British Army “helped to liberate Belsen.”

    1883: Birthdate of Albrecht Alt, the German theologian who wrote “Israel and Egypt” as part of his doctoral and who served as the Provost at the Evangelical Redeemer Church in Jerusalem.

    1884(1st of Tishrei, 5645): Rosh Hashanah

    1884: In Leadville, CO, Temple Israel celebrated the Jewish New Year for the first time in its brand new building.

    1984: In San Francisco, opera singer Julie Rosewald led the music service at Temple Emanu-El making her the first woman to perform the Rosh Hashanah liturgy.

    1884: “Forced Out Of Business” published today, described the demise of Rindskopf Brothers & Co.  The company, which began operating in Cincinnati in 1854 before moving to New York in1866 was forced into bankruptcy by its inability to obtain financing during the economic downturn as well as its failure to change its business practices. Morris Rindskopf, one of the principles of the company, is a well-known philanthropist who is the treasurer of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and the United Hebrew Charities neither of which are involved in nor threatened by the bankruptcy.

    1885: “Dr. Pusey’s Daniel” published today provides a detailed review of Daniel the Prophet, a compilation of nine lectures delivered at Oxford by E. B. Pusey.

    1887(2nd of Tishrei, 5647): 2ndDay of Rosh Hashanah

    1887: Birthdate of Ette Levy who would be buried 73 years later in Natchitoches, LA

    1888(15th of Tishrei, 5649): Sukkoth

    1890: In Columbus, Ohio, “Fred and Rose Eichberg Lazarus” gave birth to department store executive Robert Lazarus, the husband of Hattie Weiler Lazarus with whom he had five children.

    1890: Birthdate of poet RachelBluwstein Sela, Zionist lyric poet known as “Rachel the Poet.”

    She died at the age of 41. Flowers of Perhaps: Selected Poems of Rachel is an English translation of some of her works.

    1890: In Vienna, a sub-Lieutenant started beating an old Jew before he was stopped by a Prussian officer who turned him over to a police officer.

    1890: Misses Ella and J.M. Drefyus were among the passengers who arrived in New York aboard the SS La Champagne.

    1890: “City and Suburban News” published today described plans that Anarchist Johann Most has announced for a mass meeting at the Labor Lyceum to be held on Yom Kippur designed to mock the Day of Atonement.

    1891: Rabbi H. P. Mendes delivered the sermon at the dedicatory services for the new synagogue on Staten Island in Richmond Turnpike, Tompkinsville which were attended by approximately 350 people.

    1891: In New York, the Addison Literary Society hosted a debatestyled “Resolved that the civilized nations of the world should enter a protest against Russia’s barbarous treatment of her Jewish subjects.”

    1891: In Milville, NJ, the lockout at the Flint and Green Glass Works of Whitall, Tatum & Co which came in response to a strike sparked by the employment 14 Jews entered its second day.

    1892: In Zutphen, Holland, a Polish shoemaker and his wife gave birth to Joseph Lefkowitz who gained fame as Joseph Leftwitch, the Anglo-Jewish critic who was one of the “Whitechapel Boys”, the author of a biography of Israel Zangwill and the creator of the Golden Peacock.

    1892: In Fort Worth, TX an unidentified Jewish merchant was accidently shot in the leg by Ollie Bowles who was trying to shoot the man who had just been acquitted of trying to murder him.

    1892: An unnamed Jewish resident of Chicago wrote a letter to former President Grover Cleveland who was running for President expressing his gratitude for the statements of support for the Jews of Russia in the platform of the Democratic Party.

    1893(10th of Tishrei, 5654): Yom Kippur

    1893: The Hebrew Anarchist continued their tradition of mocking the observance of Yom by holdholding balls and enjoying other entertainments.  This year’s events were held at the Clarendon Hall where attendees paid fifteen cents to enjoy the speeches and merriment.

    1893: Rabbi Louis Lustig and his congregation will not be worshiping at their usual house of prayer at 180 Rivington Street because of a fire that broken out at eleven o’clock last night after Kol Nidre Services.

    1895(2nd of Tishrei, 5656): 2ndday Rosh Hashanah

    1895: The Russian Jews who arrived in Norwich, Ct yesterday from Quebec and are planning to take a steamer to New York City that they are following this “round-about route…to escape the rigid Custom House inspection” that greets immigrants who arrive in New York from Europe.

    1895: “Silver Dollar” Smith, a Jewish saloon owner and member of the Tammany machine went looking for William Smith in an attempt to get him to press charges against Martin Engel, a Tammany leader.

    1896: A new Charles Frohman melodrama is scheduled to open in Boston today which will eventually be brought to New York

    1898: Colonel Dreyfus was released from prison on Devil's Island. This is the famous Dreyfus of "The Dreyfus Fair" that rocked France and provided the impetus for Theodore Herzl to become the father of modern Zionism.

    1898:Herzl began a journey that would take him to Paris, The Hague and London on business of the Jewish Colonial Trust (Bank).

    1899: In Prussia, “Hugo Strauss and Jennie Strauss, née David” gave birth to American philosopher, Leo Strauss.

    1899: French President Emile Loubet pardoned Dreyfus.

    1899: In Kirchhain (Prussia), Hugo and Jennie Strauss gave birth to German-American political philosopher Leo Strauss

    1899: After hiding out in a villa with his anti-Semitic comrades, Max Regis, the former mayor of the city and “a notorious Jew baiter” went into Algiers “stirring up anti-Jewish demonstrations, during which the windows of several shops owned by Jews were smashed.

    1901: “New Jersey Honors President’s Memory” published today described services held in houses of worship all over the Garden State including the Camden’s Sons of Israel Synagogue attended by 500 Jews who heard speeches by Joseph Roterman , Frank Auerbach and Rabbi Leventhal from Philadelphia.

    1902: Louis and Emma Sachs gave birth to Solomon Sachs who was murdered by the Nazis at Sobibor.

    1906(1st of Tishrei, 5667): Rosh Hashanah

    1908: In Houston, TX, members of Congregation Adath Heshurun dedicated their new synagogue.

    1911: In New York, a case of Jew versus Jew British boxer Matthew “Matt” Wells defeated World Featherweight Champion Abe Attell known as “the Little Hebrews” in a non-title bout.

    1912(9thof Tishrei, 5673): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre

    1912: Birthdate of Gutsi Kollman, the widow of Eric Kollman who was a distinguished professor of history at Cornell College in Mt. Vernon, IA from 1944 to 1973.

    1914: This afternoon, former Deputy Attorney General Maruice B. Bluementhal spoke at the Young Folks’ League saying that “Americans not only uphold neutrality but disapprove of the war in toto” yet “our hearts go out to three hundred thousand Jewish soldiers in the Russian Army, who having bled and suffered at the hand of their country on account of being Jews, are now suffering and dying for their country because, as Jews, they are loyal to the flag under which they live.  Theirs is a martyrdom which demonstrates the moral and intellectual superiority of the oppressed Jews over his opporessor.”

    1914(29thof Elul, 5674): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1914: Tonight, at Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a Rosh Hashanah sermon on the topic of “Peace” using as his theme the words of Isaiah,“Peace, peace to him that is far off, and to him that is near saith the Lord.”

    1914: Cantor Epstein and Rabbi Straus officiated at tonight’s service at Adath Abraham Temple.

    1914: Rabbi Samuel Schulman conducted services at Temple Beth-El on Fifth Avenue.

    1914: Four thousand worshippers attended services conducted by Rabbi Jacob Tarlav of the People’s Synagogue which were held at the Educational Alliance building on East Broadway.

    1916: After having referred Joseph Barondess’ motion that teachers and clerks be allowed to be “absent from their duties so they could observe Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur the New York City School Board was scheduled to hold a special meeting to decide on the request which had been watered down from “with pay” to “excused without pay.”

    1916: Hugh M. Dorsey, the man responsible for the infamous prosecution of Leo Frank was told today by his chief support Thomas E. Watson that he was not to issue any statements in support of Woodrow Wilson.

    1916: “Henry Morgenthau, former Ambassador to Turkey, explained” today ‘that this appeal for a ‘Ten Thousand Club,’ whose members were to contribute $1 each to a Woodrow Wilson campaign fund was not intended as a sectarian appeal to the Jews” and that publication of the appeal in Yiddish newspapers was just the first of many appeals that would be made in foreign language papers read by immigrants.

    1917: “Refuses Request of Jews” published today described the appeal that the Jewish Union of Frankfort-on-the-Main to the Pope to get his aid in overturning the decision of the Italian government to deny shipping of the Palm branches necessary for the celebration of Sukkoth to Jews in Germany and German occupied territories. (Editor’s note – The Italians and Germans were on opposite sides during WW I so the Italian decision is not as unreasonable as it might seem)

    1917: Birthdate of Arnold "Red" Auerbach. This New York native earned as bachelors and master’s degrees from George Washington University.  Despite his father's initial lack of enthusiasm for his interest in athletics, Auberbach coached the Boston Celtics to nine straight NBA championships in the 1950's and 1960's.  However, sheer numbers do not do justice to the impact of this Hall of Fame coach.  During his career, the Celtics were the dominant force in professional basketball.  Auberach's Celtics were a force beyond the hardwood courts, as they provided a venue where African-American athletes could shine in a way not known before in American sport.

    1918(14th of Tishrei, 5679): Erev Sukkoth

    1918: M. Politis, Minister of Foreign Affairs, announces Greek governmental approval of the suggestion by Dr. Chaim Weizmann to the Greek representative in Egypt, that a volunteer military corps be developed for Palestine, from among the Jews of Salonica.

    1918: During WW I, General Allenby’s forces entered the Jezreel Valley and began two days of fighting that would lead to the capture of Afula (later known for its Pistachio nuts) and Megiddo, the site of the biblical battle of Armageddon. [One can only wonder what the Jewish forces serving with Allenby felt as they trod this land on the eve of the holiday simply known as “The Chag.”]

    1918: Birthdate of George Lachmann Mosse, the German born American cultural historian who co-founded “The Journal of Contemporary History.”

    1920: The final day of examinations for those wishing to attend the Teachers Institute of the Jewish Theological Seminary.

    1920: In San Francisco, the 8 day campaign to raise “$350,000 for the relief of the suffering Jewish in Eastern Europe” is scheduled to come to an end today.

    1921(17th of Elul, 5681): Eighty-two year old diamond merchant Jules Porges, a native of Vienna, raised in Prague “where his father was a master jeweler and the husband of “Rose-Anne Wodianer” passed away today in Paris.

    1923(10th of Tishrei, 5684): Yom Kippur

    1924: In Manhattan, Alexander and Eugenia Moshinsky gave birth to Albert Eliot Moshinsky who gained fame as Albert Marre, the Tony Award-winning director. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

    1925(2ndof Tishrei, 5686): 2nd day of Rosh Hashanah

    1925: “The fourteen Yiddish theaters in Greater New York, opened the season of 1925-26 on the second day of Rosh Hashanah and all have played to capacity houses.”

    1925: Birthdate of Eliezer Zborowski, the Polish born Holocaust survivor who started the American and International Societies for Yad Vashem (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    1926: “The Ramblers,” a Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby musical that featured such songs as “All Alone Monday” and “You Smiled at Me” opened at the Lyric Theatre.

    1927:  Birthdate of Henry Taub a founder of the payroll company that grew into the global giant Automatic Data Processing, also known as ADP.

    1928: Birthdate of Dr. Joyce Brothers who first gained national fame as a quiz show contestant on the "$64,000 Question."

    1930: Birthdate of Chicago native and graduate of the Yale School of Architecture Stanley Tigerman,

    1932: Today, the Toronto daily newspaper, The Evening Telegram, devoted its front page banner headline to a report that its’ Moscow-based correspondent, Rhea Clyman, had been “Driven From Russia” and attacked as a “Bourgeois Troublemaker.” (As reported by Jars Balan)

    1934: “Spring Parade” a comedy produced by Joe Pasternak and co-starring Franciska Gaal was released today.

    1934: As his career was winding down featherweight Harry Blitman entered the ring for the 74th time and emerged victorious by a TKO.

    1936: “Palestine Making Progress In Sport” published today

    1936:  In a time when most Jews were supporting FDR, friends of Republican Presidential candidate Alf Landon, expressed their gratification over a statement by Felix M. Warburg, New York banker and philanthropist, announcing his support for Governor Landon.

    1936: “Christianity Is Held To Be Bolsehvistic” published today described how “the neo-pagan German Action is carrying our Chancellor Hitler’s attack against “Jewish bolshevism by arguing “that Christianity is also a Jewish product” because the “Jew’s Bible” which contains “numerous passages” that “are easily recognized as Bolshevist class theories” is the foundation of Christianity making it, like Bolshevism, a Jewish product.

    1936: It was reported today that “the Polish Ambassador has informed the British Foreign Office that the population of his country is growing by 400,000 annually with the highest rate of increase among the Jews and that an outlet for them is much desired” which would explain why “Colonel Josef Beck, Polish Foreign Minister will be presenting a plan to the League of Nations calling for the emigration of 75,000 Jews annual from Poland to Palestine.”  (Editor’s Note – Lost among the Holocaust Histories is the reality of virulent anti-Semitism in pre-war Poland and the desire of the Poles to ride their country of the Jews which happened to be violation of the treaties creating the modern state of Poland.)

    1936: “A campaign to raise $500,000 for the settlement of 1,000 European Jewish families in the Russian all-Jewish territory of Birbobidjan was announced” today “at a meeting of the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan” which “was attended by delegates from 250 Jewish organizations and societies have a membership of more than 50,000 persons.”

    1936: “Predicting a bloody conflict between believers in God and the forces of the anti-Christ, the Reverend Robert E. Woods delivered a message at high mass in St. Patrick’s Cathedral where he “warned Catholics, Protestants and Jews they must be prepared to take aggressive measures to defend their faith in ‘the one and only true God.’”

    1937(15thof Tishrei, 5698): Sukkoth

    1937(15thof Tishrei, 5698): Sixty-six year old Kuhn, Loeb & Co partner, Felix Moritz Warburg, the grandson of Moses Marcus Warburg “one of the founders of M.M and the husband Jacob Schiff’s daughter, Frieda whose philanthropy included leading the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee and the founding of the American Friends of Hebrew University passed away today.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that Egypt, in an outspoken declaration made by its foreign minister, Butrus Ghali Pasha, officially objected to any planned partition of Palestine. Butrus Ghali explained that Jews and Arabs, "both descendants of Abraham," had lived together amicably for centuries and could continue to live so in our own time and day.

    1937:  The Post reported that Mr. K.W. Blackburne, assistant district commissioner for the North of Palestine, informed local mukhtars (village heads) that they would be held responsible for any terrorist activities which might take place within their territories. Whenever found guilty they would have to pay damages and defray the expenses of the special punitive police posts, established in their villages.  This tough talk was not backed up with action as the British government did little or nothing to put an end to Arab terror.

    1938: “Father John LaFarge, an American Jesuit tasked with writing an encyclical for Pope Pius XI to condemn racism and anti-Semitism, turns his work over to Wladimir Ledochowski, the Father Superior of the Jesuits in Rome.”

    1938: “The seven bishops of Austria, led by Cardinal Theodore Innitzer, Archbishop of Vienna, issue a letter complaining about that the relations between the Catholic Church and Nazi Party have not developed as they had originally envisioned.

    1939: All radios owned by Jews in Greater Germany were confiscated.

    1939: Today, the Evening Standard today published a cartoon depicting Hitler greeting Stalin after the invasion of Poland, with the words: "The scum of the earth, I believe?". To which Stalin replies: "The bloody assassin of the workers, I presume?";

    1940: Breendonck concentration camp opens in Belgium.

    1941(28th of Elul, 5701): Several thousand Jews, mostly women and children from Kovno, Lithuania, are executed at the local synagogue after being held there for three days.

    1941(28thof Elul, 5701): Just 17 days after celebrating her 84th birthday, Emma Hays Eckhouse, the daughter of Abraham Hays and Fanny Kahn and the widow of Moses Eckhouse who was active in many civic and Jewish communal organization as can be seen by her service a volunteer probation office in the Indianapolis Juvenile Court and vice president of the Hebrew Ladies’ Benevolent Society, passed away today after which she was buried at the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation Cemetery South

    1941: Policemen in Kiev, Ukraine, adopt armbands identifying the wearer as a member of the Nazi-sponsored Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists.

    1942(9th of Tishrei, 5703): Erev Yom Kippur

    1942(9thof Tishrei, 5703: Fifty-nine year old Russian born American rabbi “Mordechai (Max) Yohlin” passed away today in Philadelphia.

    1942(9th of Tishrei, 5703): In Letychiv, Ukraine, the SS starts a two day murder spree that claims the lives of at least 3,000 Jews.

    1943(20th of Elul, 5703): One thousand Jewish inmates of the camp at Szebnie, Poland, are trucked to a nearby field, stripped naked and executed with machine guns. The bodies are burned and the bones thrown into the Jasiolka River. Those who had been ordered to pile the dead bodies onto a pyre were then shot to death as well.

    1943: Jacob Kapler, a Jew assigned to the body-burning detail at the Babi Yar, Ukraine, mass-murder site, finds a key that fits the padlock on a bunker in which he and other laborers are locked each night.

    1944(3rd of Tishrei, 5705) Tzom Gedaliah

    1944: The Jewish Brigade Group is formed by the British high command. After a long battle by Chaim Weizmann and Moshe Sharret, the British agreed to the establishment of a Jewish Army to fight alongside British troops. In all over 5000 people from pre-state Israel including many who had fled from Europe enlisted. Seven hundred of them lost their lives. After the war they formed the nucleus for those working to get Jews from Italy and the Balkans by legal or illegal efforts.

    1944: Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI, joins the Whermacht

    1945: The Jewish Agency for Palestine makes its first claim for restitution from Germany for crimes Nazis committed against Jews.

    1945: Eleanor Roosevelt and Mrs. Henry Morgenthau, Jr. visited the refugee camp at Fort Ontario where most of the population was Jewish.

    1946: In Haifa, Lilly and Eliyahu Goldenberg gave birth to David Goldenberg who gained fame as Israeli entertainer and television personality Dudu Topa

    1947: Mayor Fiorello La Guardia passed away.  New York's "Little Flower" had an Italian father and a Jewish mother.  La Guardia never "traded on his Jewish origins" for political purposes.  At the same time, he suffered numerous times because of them.  For example, his career in the Foreign Service ended before it began, despite his linguistic skills, when it was explained to him that a Jewish parent would prove detrimental to his future.  He was the victim of numerous anti-Semitic slurs from political opponents.  At one point the Democrats ran a Jewish candidate against him thinking it would be to their advantage.  However, La Guardia (a Republican) had the last laugh when he challenged his opponent to a debate so long as the language of the match was Yiddish.  The opponent demurred because his linguistic skills were less than La Guardia's who then went on to win the election.

    1949: Four years after the end of the Holocaust, “the Federal Republic of Germany” (known as West Germany) had its first government formed today.

    1949: Today “Historian and educator,” Isaac Eisenstein Barzilay married Helly Frost with whom he had two children Joshua and Sharonah.

    1950(9thof Tishrei, 5711): Kol Nidre

    1950: Thirty –six year old New York born Dartmouth graduate and former Time Magazine Moscow Bureau Chief Richard Edward Lauterbach, “the son of Morton Edgar and Hazel Augusta (Kronthal) Lauterbach” and husband of the former “Elizabeth S. Wardell” with whom he had three children – Jennifer, Ann and David” passed away today.

    1950: Orchestra conductor Serge Koussevitzky left New York on an Air France aircrafts on his way to Israel where he will conduct the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra.  “He will give fifteen concerts in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa.”

    1951: As the infant Jewish state copes with the economic challenges brought on by immigrant absorption and having to defend itself against a cordon of states dedicated to its destruction. David Horowitz presents Israel’s plans for dealing with the situation at the National Economic Conference at Washington, D.C.’ Shoreham Hotel.

    1951: Jewish Film Distributors, local film distributors for Carmel Film of Tel Aviv has announced through Nathan Axelrod, head of the company that “Rebirth of a Nation,” a 90 minute documentary and first of a new series of Israeli made features will have its American premiere at the Stanley Theatre.

    1951: In a speech given at the Jerusalem Shoe Company marking the end of Industry Week Israel’s Finance Minister Eliezer Kaplan announced “a program to mobilize $300,000,000 for new industrial projects in the next three years.  In his speech Kaplan declared, “Some think Israel needs pity.  But I say we need assistance.  We are building at a tremendous tempo and Israel is surmounting its difficulties.

    1952(1stof Tishrei, 5713): Rosh Hashanah

    1952: Birthdate of Randy Grossman who played tight end for Temple (where else would a Jewish boy play) University before going on to a career with the Pittsburgh Steelers with whom he earned four Super Bowl rings.

    1953(11thof Tishrei, 5714): Seventy-four year old “Abraham Panken, a retired merchant” and “a vice president of the Greater New York Aid Society and the Council for Older People” “ who was a brother of Justice Jacob Panken and the father of former state Senator Harold Panken” passed away today.

    1953: The New York Times includes a review of Saul Bellow’s latest novel, “The Adventures of Augie March “about “a West-Side-Chicago Tom Jones…of depression years with a ‘weak sense of consequence.’”

    1955(4thof Tishrei, 5716): Fifty-eight year old Academy Award winning screenwriter and playwright Robert Riskin passed away today.

    1955: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Navy Log” the anthology series that gave Don Devlin “his first acting role” and that featured theme music by Irving Bibo and Fred Steiner.

    1956(15thof Tishrei, 5717): Sukkoth

    1956: First appearance of The American Examiner which resulted from a merger of the Brooklyn Examiner and The American Hebrew

    1959: In Cologne, the Roonstrasse Synagogue which was originally dedicated in 1899 and destroyed during Kristallnacht was reopened with a formal dedication ceremony today.

    1959: Beth Shalom Synagogue, in Elkins Park, PA,was inaugurated, a few months after the passing away of the architect who designed it, Frank Lloyd Wright. The synagogue is considered a Wright masterpiece.  The synagogue would later be placed on the list of National Historic Landmarks.

    1960: Pitcher Larry Sherry loses gives up two runs in the 9th as the Cards defeat the Dodgers 3 to 2.

    1960(28th of Elul, 5720): Seventy-six year Russian born Jewish dancer Ida Rubinstein who converted to Catholicism passed away today.

    1960:A London production of Once Upon a Mattress, a musical comedy with music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Marshall Barer” opened at the Adelphi Theatre today where it ran for 24 performances

    1961(10th of Tishrei, 5722): Yom Kippur

    1961(10th of Tishrei, 5722): Forty year old Andrzej Munk movie director and script writer died today  as a result of a car crash in Kompina, Poland in a head-on collision with a truck

    961: Birthdate of Lisa Allred Bloom, the daughter of Gloria Allred who followed in her mother’s footsteps by becoming a lawyer and television personality.

    1963(2nd of Tishrei, 5724): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah – the last time that the Jewish New Year would be observed under the abbreviated presidency of John Kennedy.

    1964: Funeral services are scheduled to be held at the Riverside Chapel for Ann Klauber Benson, the daughter of Leo Klauber, the Treasurer of Emanu-El Midtown Y.M.Y.W.H.A.

    1964: Funeral serviced are scheduled to be held at the Riverside Memorial Chapel for Esther Carmely, the “wife of Harold W. Carmely, the Chairman of the National ZOA Administrative Committee.”

    1967: 20th Century Fox released “Two for the Road” which was produced and directed by Stanley Doan, the son of Jewish parents from South Carolina.

    1969(8th of Tishrei, 5730): Shabbat Shuva observed for the first time during the Presidency of Richard Nixon.

    1970(19th of Elul, 5730): Sixty nine year old Arturo Rosenblueth, the Mexican doctor who was a pioneer in the field of cybernetics, passed away today.

    1971(1st of Tishrei, 5732): Rosh Hashanah

    1971(1st of Tishrei, 5732): Seventy-two year old Russian born American businessman and philanthropist Louis Schweitzer passed away today.

    1972: In Jerusalem, one postal worker was injured by a letter bomb.

    1972: Nobody was injured today when a letter bomb exploded in Tel Aviv.

    1974(4th of Tishrei, 5735): Eighty-six year old Henry Austryn Wolfson “a scholar, philosopher, and historian at Harvard University, the first chairman of a Judaic Studies Center in the United States” passed away today.

    1975(15thof Tishrei, 5736): Sukkoth

    1975: Henry Kissinger, the first Jewish Secretary of State met with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko whose country was busy locking up Jewish refusniks.

    1975: On ABC, premiere broadcast the first episode of “Saturday Night Live With Howard Cosell” (not to be confused with the late night Saturday night program).

    1976: In Washington, DC, of Joan Lurie (née Marx) and Eric Lawrence "Rick" Bernthal, a lawyer with Latham & Watkins LLP gave birth to actor Jonathan Edward “Jon” Bernthal, the brother of Nicholas and Thomas Bernthal and the grandson of Syracuse University basketball player and violinist Murray Bernthal.

    1976(25thof Elul, 5736): Seventy-one year old Kermit Bloomgarden, the Broadway producer whose productions included “The Diary of Ann Frank” passed away today.

    1976: CBS broadcast he first episode of season five of “Maude” a sitcom created by Norman Lear and starring Bea Arthur as Maude

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that the military government destroyed a terrorist's house in Beit Hanina.

    1977: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Lou Grant” produced by Gary David Goldberg.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Washington that US President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan wound up their talks amid continuing differences between their governments on the question of the Palestinian representation at the reconvened Geneva Peace Conference and the establishment of new settlements in the administered areas.

    1979: Assassination of Frenchleft-wing militant Pierre Goldman who had also been convicted of several robberies.  Goldman was the son of Alter Mojze Goldman, a Polish Jew who was active in the French Resistance during World War II.

    1980(10th of Tishrei, 5741): Yom Kippur

    1980: Avraham "Avi" Cohen, an Israeli playing football for Liverpool (UK) caused a stir when he played in today’s match with Southhampton which ended with a score of 2-2.  There were those who thought he should have followed in the footsteps of Hank Greenberg and Sandy Koufax and not played on Yom Kippur.

    1981: Final performance of Hanoch Levine's ''Ya'acobi and Leidental,'' a contemporary Israeli comedy running at the La Mama annex

    1982(3rd of Tishrei, 5743):Tzom Gedaliah – Jewish football fans must not only go without food and drink they must go without the professional version of their game since the NFL players went on strike for the first time in history.

    1984: NBC broadcast the first episode of “The Cosby Show” a sit-com created by Ed Weinberger.

    1984: NBC broadcast the first episode of the third season of “Family Ties” a sitcom created by Gary David Goldberg.

    1985: Birthdate of Canadian mixed martial artist Sarah Kaufman who has opted not to follow the faith of her father.

    1987(26thof Elul, 5747): Sixty-three year Tony Award winner Michael Stewart passed today. (As reported by Jeremy Gerard)

    1990(1stof Tishrei, 5751): Rosh Hashanah

    1990: NBC broadcast the first episode of season seven of “The Cosby Show” a sit-com created by Ed Weinberger.

    1991: “The Fisher King” which marked the film debut of Dan Futterman was released today in the United States by TriStar Pictures.

    1991: “McBain” a box-office disappointment “directed and written by James Glickenhuas” was released today in the United States.

    1992(22ndof Elul, 5752): Seventy-nine year old sculptor Reuben Kadish passed away.  (As reported by Roberta Smith)

    1993(5thof Tishrei, 5754): Eighty year old Cyrus Leo Sulzberger, the New York Times Pulitzer prize winning correspondent and author, the nephew of NYT publisher Arthur Hays Sulzberg, who was known by his initials as C.L. Sulzberger passed away today.

    1994(15thof Tishrei, 5755): Sukkoth

    1994(15th of Tishrei, 5755): Seventy-four year old Michael Dekel, the native of Pinsk who fought in the Red Army during WW II, before making Aliyah in 1949 passed away today.  An MK, he served in several different cabinet posts.

    1996(7th of Tishrei, 5757): Eighty-three year old Hungarian mathematician Paul Erdős passed away today. (As reported by Roberta Smith)

    1998: “The musical revival group 42nd Street Moon in San Francisco, presented a staged concert of Redhead,” “a musical with music composed by Albert Hague and lyrics by Dorothy Fields, who with her brother, Herbert, along with Sidney Sheldon wrote the book/libretto” for the last time tonight.

    1998: Outfielder Gabe Kapler made his major league debut with the Detroit Tigers.

    1998: The New York Times book section featured reviews by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including “The Brink of Peace: The Israeli-Syrian Negotiations”by Itamar Rabinovich.


    1998: In “The Lost Tribe of Natchez,” Jennifer Moses describes the fate of the Jewish community of Natchez, Mississippi.


    1999(10th of Tishrei, 5760): Yom Kippur


    1999:Speaking at a high school in Des Moines, Iowa, Republican presidential candidate Steve Forbes and editor of Forbes magazine tells the students that the Ten Commandments should be displayed in all schools because they are "the basis for this civilization."“The Ten Commandments gave us Judaism from which flowed Christianity.”

    2001: Twenty-six year old Sarit Amrani was shot by members of the Al-Aqsa Martyr’s Brigade.

    2002: This afternoon, “the University of Tennessee will dedicate the newest addition to the Tennessee athletic complex, the Wolf-Kaplan Center” which “is named in honor of the two donors who made the lead donation to make the facility possible, Drs. Robert J. Kaplan and Rodney Y. Wolf, both of Memphis.”

    2002: Ninety-one year old Necdet Kent, the Turkish diplomat, who while serving as vice-counsel in Marseilles from 1941 to 1944 risked his life to save Jews, passed away.

    “When Kent heard that Turkish Jews who were living in France were rounded up by the Nazis, he personally went to the train station and demanded the release of all Jews who were Turkish citizens. According to Arnold Reisman, “When the guards refused to comply, he got into the wagon with them. A German officer ordered him to get off but Kent refused to leave unless they let his Turkish citizens off as well. Angrily, the officer said no, you can go with them and closed the door. After three hours of extreme cold and filth, the train arrived at the next station. Obviously realizing a possibly explosive international incident had to be quickly diffused, the German officer who opened the door to the wagon apologized profusely and allowed Kent to leave and take all the people in the wagon with him, never looking at papers, never checking to see if they were Turkish citizens or not.” He saved 80 Jewish lives.”
    2003(23rd of Elul, 5763): Eighty-nine year old Bernard Manischewitz, whose family name is synonymous with kosher food passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    2005: Yedioth Ahronoth reported that that there is more ethnic diversity in the U.S. Jewish community than previously believed.

    2005: Rabbi Miri Gold, of the Birkat Shalom congregation in the Gezer community, who is a Reform rabbi, petitioned the High Court of Justice demanding that she be appointed to the official position of chief rabbi of her community. Gezer regional council already employs some 16 rabbis, whose salaries are paid for by the state. Rabbi Gold already acts as Gezer community's chief rabbi and provides religious services throughout the area. Gezer's official web site also acknowledges her as the official rabbi.

    2005 (16th of Elul, 5765): Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal passed away at the age of 96.

    2005: The Zionist Central Council of Greater Manchester presented the Herzl Award to Jonathan Hantman.

    2005: Tonight, “Israel's leading known Kabbalistic Elder, Rabbi Yitzchak Kaduri called upon worldwide Jewry to return to Israel due to natural disasters which threaten to strike the world.”

    2005: Jonathan Letham received a MacArthur Fellowship

    2005: IDF temporarily entered the northern Gaza Strip, constructing a buffer zone parallel to the border near Beit Hanoun before pulling out.[

    2006: During the “Cash for Honors” investigation, Lord Levy (Michael Levy) was questioned for a second time and then released on bail. It would take another 9 months before that no charges would be brought against.  The wheels of justice grind slowly.

    2006:Rabbi Sir Jonathan Sacks, the Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth broadcasts his New Year message In A Strange Land on the BBC One

    2006: In accordance with Herzl’s last request, his children, Hans and Pauline Herzl, are interred beside him in Jerusalem’s Ht. Herzl Cemetery.

    2006: A bill introduced by Congressman Henry Waxman “that would lift the bank on federal money for subway tunneling in his district passed the House by a unanimous vote.

    2007: Israeli Daniel Sharon is arrested in Lebanon on suspicion of involvement in murder and spying. Further investigation will establish that he is a convert to Islam and a self-identified homosexual.  He will be released in mid-October, 2007.

    2007: An IDF Spokesperson's Unit video of St.-Sgt. Ben-Zion Henman, filmed only moments before the soldier was shot to death during operations in Nablus, was released.

    2007: The 107th annual meeting of the Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago was held today at the Hyatt Regency Chicago, 151 E. Wacker Drive, Chicago. Daniel C. Kurtzer, the United States Ambassador to Israel from 2001 to 2005 and current Commissioner of the Israel Baseball League, was the guest speaker. Midge Perlman Shafton, who has been active in the Chicago Jewish community for more than 30 years, was honored with the 45th annual Julius Rosenwald Memorial Award, the highest honor bestowed by the Federation.

    2008: In Washington, D.C., journalist and philosopher Bernard Henri-Lévy presents the annual Gerald L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture drawn from his new book, “Left in Dark Times: A Stand Against the New Barbarism,” at the French Embassy.

    2008: Selichot observances begin at Temple Judah with a wine and cheese reception and a viewing of the Israeli film, Joy, followed by services.

    2008(20th of Elul, 5768): Eighty-five year old Russian history expert, Marc Raeff passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2008 (20 Elul): Yahrzeit of Jacob Levin; gone from this world, but not from our worlds and our hearts.

    2008 (20 Elul): In Manhattan, Joseph Shenker, who as the first president of La Guardia Community College in New York was a leader in having students combine on-the-job experience with their studies, passed away at the age of 68. For the last 13 years he was provost of the C. W. Post campus of Long Island University  and lived near the campus in Brookville, N.Y.

    2009: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “I Shudder:And Other Reactions to Life, Death, and New Jersey”by Paul Rudnickand the recently released paperback edition of “A Path Out of the Desert: A Grand Strategy for America in the Middle East” by Kenneth M. Pollack.

    2009: The Los Angeles Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “The Possibility of Everything" by Hope Edelman

    2009: A memorial service was held today to celebrate the life of the artist Julius Schulman whose last exhibition was at Craig Krull Gallery in Los Angeles.

     2009 (2 Tishrei, 5770): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    2009: IDF troops killed two Palestinian militants and wounded three in an incident along the Gaza border late this afternoon. The IDF said in a statement that a border patrol fired tank and artillery shells at a group of Palestinians seen planting a bomb at the Gaza border fence.

    2010: Center for Jewish History, Center for Traditional Music and Dance and World Music Institute is scheduled to present a program entitled “The Hidden Musical Treasures of Romania.”

    2010: Former President Jimmy Carter’s new book, White House Diary, which includes his criticisms of President Clinton’s and President Obama’s policies in Israel including the building of settlements on the West Bank is scheduled to go on sale today.

    2010: Denver based editorial cartoonist Ed Stein “launched a national comic strip called “Freshly Squeezed.”

    2010: The winner of the People’s Choice Award is scheduled to be named today by Sukkah City, an international Sukkah-building competition based in New York City that has pitted famous and not-so-famous architects against one another in an attempt to create deliberately temporary structures of beauty, art and artifice.

    2010: New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced in a ceremony that “Fractured Bubble” by Henry Grosman and Babak Bryan and “Shim Sukkah” by Tinder, Tinker had won New York’s first international succa design competition, winning the People’s Choice and jury prizes, respectively.

    2011: An international conference on anti-Semitism that coincides with the 70th anniversary of the murder of 33,771 Jews at Babi Yar later this month is scheduled to take place in the Kiev today. It is part of a series of memorial services and conferences will be held across Ukraine over the coming month remembering Jews slain by the Nazis in the aftermath of Operation Barbarossa 70 years ago

    2011: “HaHov” (The Debt) is scheduled to be shown at the JCC in Manhattan.  This is the original Israeli film version of Hollywood film starring Helen Mirren which is called “The Debt.” Both films are based on a 1965 Mossad mission to capture a Nazi that does not succeed and that comes back to haunt the participants 30 years later.  According to at least one reviewers, the facts may be the same but the emphasis and treatment are different.

    2011: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today at a Likud party conference that he is aware he will come under heavy pressure as he prepared to leave for New York. Netanyahu added that "it is much easier to win applause from world nations by extensive concessions we make, and then we see what we get.

    2011: Ehud Barak has convinced Nigeria to not support the Palestinian statehood bid, a statement from the Defense Ministry reported today.

    2012: Mish Galprin, author of Reimagining Leadership in Jewish Organizations is scheduled to deliver a lecture titled “Ten Practical Lessons to Help You Implement Change and Achieve Your Goals” in Washington, DC

    2012: Iran deliberately provided false information about its nuclear program to Western investigators and the International Atomic Energy Agency, a senior Iranian official has confirmed.

    2012: Steve Feller is scheduled to deliver a lecture titled “Light Fantastic: A Forum on the Understanding of the Nature of Light” at Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

    2012: In “NFL to honor NFL Films' Steve Sabol on Sunday” published today, Gregg Rosenthal described plans to honor the man whose cinema skills and foresight helped to popularize professional football.

    2012: Sarah Silverman made a public service announcement (PSA) criticizing new voter identification laws that create obstacles to the ability of certain U.S. populations to vote in the November presidential election, i.e., young, old, poor, and minority citizens” that “was financed by the Jewish Council for Education and Research (JCER) and was co-produced by Mik Moore and Ari Wallach.”

    2012: Support for President Barack Obama among Jews in the state of Florida is down 7 percent on 2008, according to an American Jewish Committee (AJC) poll released today.

    2013: “Fill the Void” is scheduled to open in Boise, Idaho.

    2013(16thof Tishrei, 5774): Second Day of Sukkoth

    2013(16thof Tishrei, 5774): Tomer Hazan, a Sergeant in the Israeli Air Force was murdered tonight after being “lured to the village of Beit Amin by Nidal Amar.”

    2013: In London, Dr. Robert Friedman is scheduled to lecture on the story behind his latest work, 28 Letters: The Short Life Of Renée (Baba) Friedmann On Not So Calm Waters

    2014: As of today, Joan “Hamburg is heard on WABC-770 from 1 to 3 on Saturday afternoon.

    2014(25thof Elul, 5774): Eighty-four year old actress Polly Bergen who converted to Judaism in 1957 passed away today.

    2014: Rabbi Ari Israel, the Executive Director of University of Maryland Hillel is scheduled to speak on “Israel and Judaism: forming Positive Jewish Identities at Any Age or Stage.”

    2014: Gidi Gov and Berry Sakharoff are scheduled to appear at the Phasa Morgana Festival.

    2014: “The daily L’Echo reported that “the Belgian authorities have prevented several attacks by jihadist fighters returning home from Syrian and by sympathizers with the Islamic State extremist group.” (As reported by Times of Israel)

    2014: It was announced today, that “a large stalactite and stalagmite cave” has been “discovered in the Jerusalem hills” the location is being kept secret, so as to ensure the public does not enter before steps have been taken to ascertain how the ancient cavern and its formations can be preserved.” (As reported by Itamar Sharon)

    2014: An Israeli drone crashed in southern Lebanon near the border between Israel and Lebanon.

    2014: Zemer Chai joined with the clergy of six Maryland synagogues in a unique community Selichot service, in partnership with the Jewish Community Center of Greater Washington.

    2015: The New York Timesfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Court and The World: American Law and the New Global Realities by Stephen Breyer, Sisters In Law:How Sandra Day O’Connor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg Went to the Supreme Court and Changed the World by Linda Hirshman and The Social Sex: A History of Female Friendship co-authored by Marilyn Yalom

    2015: Hungarian natives and Holocaust survivors Eva and Les Aigner are scheduled to deliver a lecture on their experiences at the George R. White Library on the campus of Concordia University.

    2015: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host “Both Ground and Plow: Looking for Vilna” during which Rita Gabis will discuss “her quest to recover Vilna through poetry and personal memory.”

    2015: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled host two former members of the House of Representatives speaking on “The Partisan Divide: Congress in Crisis.”

    2015: In Cedar Rapids, IA, Rabbi Todd is scheduled to begin teaching Temple Judah’s first ever class in “Biblical Hebrew.”

    2015:At the Jewish Museum, “Revolution of the Eye: Modern Art and the Birth of American Television” is scheduled to come to a close today.

    2015: The by American Jewish Historical Society, American Sephardi Federation, in partnership with the Mizrahi Film Series, the Taub Center for Israel Studies, the Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies Department, and the Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies, New York University are scheduled to host a “reading, screening and discussion to celebrate the publication of Yitzhak Gormezano-Goren’s Alexandrian Summer in English, and Amit Goren’s film premiere of Alexandrian Summers Again and Forever.”

    2015: The Toronto International Film Festival which has included screenings of “Rabin, The Last Day,” Ido Haar’s documentary “Thru You Princess,” “Demolition” starring Jake Gyllenhaal and “Spotlight” starring Leiv Schreiber” is scheduled to come to a close today.

    2015: Andy Samberg is scheduled to serve as m. c. of tonight’s 67thAnnual Primetime Emmy Awards.

    2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to conduct a noontime walking tour of “Jewish Downtown Washington.”

    2016: “Rabbi Dr. Donniel Hartman, head of the Shalom Hartman Institute, spokr at the Jerusalem ordination ceremony of the first cohort of the Beit Midrash for Israeli Rabbis” today.

    2016(17th of Elul, 5776): Seventy-three year old Robot inventor Victor Scheinman passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

    2016:A-WA“an Israeli band made up of the three sisters Tair, Liron, and Tagel Haim” is scheduled to perform at “The Knitting Factory.”

    2016: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host a talk “by Suzanne Hertzberg, the author of Katherine Joseph: Photographing an Era of Social Significance as part of the opening the exhibition “Secrets of the Greatest Generation: Stories Our Mothers Never Told Us.”

    2016: “Defying the Nazis: The Sharps' War,” a new film directed by Ken Burns and Artemis Joukowsky is scheduled to shown on PBS at 9 pm EDT and 8 pm CDT.

    2017: This morning, JW3 is scheduled to the final screening of “Green Park,” a documentary about the iconic Anglo-Jewish hostelry.

    2017(29thof Elul, 5777): Ninety-nine year old Lilian Ross, a mainstay of The New Yorker, passed away today.

    2017(29thof Elul, 5777): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    2017: Last day of 5777; in the evening Erev Rosh Hashanah – 5778 לשׁנה טובה

    2017: Rabbi Jonathan Feldman and Rabbi Joshua Klein are scheduled to lead services sponsored by MJE EAST at the Fifth Avenue Synagogue followed by a social complete with refreshments.

    2017: As Jews prepare to celebrate Rosh Hashanah the friends and family Gusti Kollman celebrate the 105th birthday of Gusti Kollman!

    2018: “The American Jewish Historical Society” and the “Center for Jewish History” are scheduled to present a screening of the documentary “Love Gilda: the Eternal Spirit of Gilda Radner.”

    2018: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host the two final screenings of the Silver Lion award winning film “Paradise.”




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    September 21

    19 BCE: Virgil, the classical Roman poet passes away. Eclogue 4, the so-called Messianic Eclogue, is the best known of Virgil’s Eclogues or “Selected Poems also known as Bucolics or “Pastorals.. Written in 40 B.C., during the consulship of Pollio, Virgil's benefactor a year or two previously, it hails the birth of a baby boy who will usher in a golden age of peace and prosperity in which even nature herself will participate. The golden age is the new era of peace for which Augustus was responsible, and the child is thought to be the expected offspring of Augustus and Scribonia (the infant turned out to be a girl). The similarity of language in the poem to that of the Book of Isaiah gave rise to the idea, in the early Christian period, that the fourth Eclogue was indeed a prophecy of the birth of Christ. The similarity may be due to the fact that Jewish ideas spread over Italy in the second half of the first century B.C., and Virgil may have used his acquaintance with them to express the Roman equivalent of a Messianic expectation.

    1104: The first synagogue in Speyer was consecrated today, “eleven years after the pogrom of 1096.

    1348: The Jews of Switzerland were charged with perpetuation of the Black Death epidemic. There were riots in Bern Chilon and Zurich. Jews held at Chilion were tortured until they "confessed" to having poisoned wells in the area around Venice, Italy. Many Swiss Jews were burned to death during the riots while others were expelled from their respective cities after the violence had subsided. The Black Death was supposed to have been caused by poisoned wells and the Jews were the responsible for poisoning the wells. Of course the Black Death was really Bubonic Plague, but the ignorant found it convenient to blame the Jews for any inexplicable ill that befell them.

    1451: Jews of Arnhem were ordered to wear the Jew-badge by the Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa, the Cardinal for that part of Holland.

    1486: Sixty-eight year old Johannes Hinderbach, the Prince-Bishop of Trent who blamed the Jews for the death of Simon of Trent which was his justification for murdering “several of them” and working to canonize the boy in what was one of many of the blood libels, passed away today.

    1553: The Talmud was confiscated and publicly burned in Rome under the auspices of Cardinal Caraffa, later to be Pope Paul IV, a rabid counter-Reformationist. The Cardinal chose this day specifically because it was Rosh Hashanah so the Jews would feel the grief more strongly. Talmud burning would spread to other parts of Italy.

    1558: Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, passed. Charles wore two hats, or should we say two crowns. While he was the Holy Roman Emperor he was also King of Spain. As the Spanish monarch he continued to enforce the ban against Jews living in his realm. But as Holy Roman Emperor, his rule over German Jewry was such that they “regarded the emperor as their benefactor and protector against the Protestants.”

    1618(Tishrei, 5379): In Holland, Dona Ester, wife of Moses Peixotto passed away. Her tombstone provides us with one of the earliest records of the Peixottos, a prominent Sephardic family who came to the United States in the first decade of the 19thcentury.

    1645(1st of Tishrei, 5406): In Mogilev, Russia, rioters attacked the Jews during Tashlikh services..

    1676: Innocent XI begins his Papacy. “Innocent showed a degree of sensitivity in his dealings with the Jews within the Italian States. He compelled the city of Venice to release the Jewish prisoners taken by Francesco Morisini in 1685. He also discouraged compulsory baptisms which accordingly became less frequent under his pontificate; but he could not abolish the old practice altogether. More controversially he issued an edict by which all the money-lending activities carried out by the Roman Jews were to cease. Such a move would incidentally have financially benefitted his own brothers who played a dominant role in European money-lending. However ultimately convinced that such a measure would cause much misery in destroying livelihoods, the enforcement of the edict was twice delayed.

    1710(Elul, 5470): Hodel, daughter of Moshe Kikinish of Lemberg, died a martyr's death after falsely confessing to blood-ritual charges in order to save the lives of other Jews.

    1731: Jews were granted the right to attend fairs in Smolensk provided that they limit their transactions to wholesale business.

    1755(16thof Tishrei, 5516): Sukkot Second Day

    1758: In Paris, Abraham Silvestre who was “of Jewish origin” and his wife gave birth to linguist and orientalist Silvestre de Sacy who prepared texts for the British and Foreign Bible Society.

    1759(29th of Elul, 5519): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1768(10thof Tishrei, 5529): Yom Kippur

    1776(8thof Tishrei): Shabbat Shuvah

    1776: During the British occupation of New York, a fire broke out that destroyed approximately 25% of the city – a fire that the British claimed was started to disrupt their forces and that the Americans claimed the British  started so that they could loot the city, most of whose Jewish inhabitants had fled with the departure of American forces.

     1789(1st of Tishrei, 5550): Jews celebrate Rosh Hashanah for the first time under the Presidency of George Washington.

    1779: Birthdate of Count Wedel Jarlsberg, a Norwegian noble who supported banning Jews from his country.

    1793(15thof Tishrei, 5554): Sukkoth

    1793: In Georgetown, SC, “Solomon and Rebecca (Moses) Harby gave birth U.S. Navy officer and War of 1812 veteran Levi Charles Meyers Harby, who served in the “Texas Navy” during its war for independence and in the Confederate Navy during the Civil War while finding time to marry “Leonora Rebecca De Lyon, a member of the prominent Jewish family from Savanah with whom he had three children.

    1802: Anti-Jewish riots took place in Switzerland. Five centuries have passed since the black plague but the Swiss behavior remained unchanged.

    1812(15th of Tishrei, 5573): First Day of Sukkoth

    1825(9th of Tishrei, 5585): Erev Yom Kippur

    1836(10thof Tishrei, 5597): Yom Kippur

    1836: Joseph Samuels led services in the newly dedicated synagogue in Cincinnati, Ohio – the first such structure in the Queen City.

    1838: Privileges granted the Jews of Sweden were revoked by the Swedish government.

    1841: Hassocks Gate Railway Station which was designed by Anglo-Jewish architect David Mocatta opened today.

    1842: Birthdate of Ottoman Sultan Murad V. During his reign, Jews migrated to Turkey after the signing of the Berlin Treaty. Also, his Jewish subjects celebrated the 400th anniversary of their arrival from Spain. It took three tries, but Herzl finally got an audience with the Sultan in 1902 during which he makes his case for a Jewish Homeland under the protection of the Sultan.

    1842: Birthdate of John B. Weber, Civil War veteran and New York Congressman who was appointed the first Commissioner of Immigration at the Port of New York in 1890 which meant he had a major impact on the flood of Jewish immigrants from eastern Europe – deciding in some cases who could stay and who had to be returned. Weber joined Dr. Walter Kempster in visiting Russia and preparing an official report on the conditions of the Jews living in that country and the purposeful policy of deprivation and discrimination pursued by the Czar to impoverish the Jews and force them to immigrate to the United States.

    1843: In Bromberg, Prussia, Moses Nathan Silberberg and Pauline Pulvermacher gave birth to Max Silberberg the husband of Dora Feder who came to the United States in 1859, served in the Union Army and served for several years in the Ohio State Legislature, representing a district from Cincinnati.

    1846(1stof Tishrei, 5607): In the first year of the Mexican-American War, Jews observe Rosh Hashanah

    1847: Birthdate of Yitzhak Isaac Halevy Rabinowitz the “rabbi, Jewish historian, and founder of the Agudath Israel organization” who was raised by his grandfather Mordechai Eliezer Kovno, “after his father was killed by soldiers.”

    1850(15th of Tishrei, 5611): Sukkoth

    1853: Rabbi J.J. Lyons officiated at the wedding of T. Jefferson Tobias of Charleston, SC to Adelaide Hendricks, the daughter of Uriah Hendricks of New York City.

    1853: “Great Britain: London Trade-American Sewing Machines” published today reported “if the clothing firm of E. Moses and Son has not begun using the sewing machine in its tailoring operation, it soon will, since the firm is always looking for ways to be be more cost effective.” “London clothier Elias Moses was the first to pioneer a retail model of massive advertising and deep discounts to create a high-volume business in low-margin ready-to-wear clothing…The Moses & Son store even looked different, fitted with” the “ then unheard of plate-glass display windows out front and fixed prices on clothing inside. But after the father passed away, and the son retired, the store rather lost is heart. When the son of Moses and Son died in 1884, the Times of London mourned, ‘The large premises at Aldgate and Oxford Street know the name of E. Moses and Son no more.’”

    1857: Bertha and Marcus Goldman gave birth to Henry Goldman who joined Goldman Sachs & Co in 1885 where he “helped list retail companies like Sears and Woolworth” and he refinanced Studebaker.  He left the company during World War I over his support for Germany an attitude that would change when he visited the country when the Nazis came to power and became a tireless worker to help German Jewish intellectuals and children escape to the United States.

    1858: In Philadelphia, PA, Rebecca Baehr married Julius Israel of Camden, SC.

    1859: Benjamin Szold arrived in the United States and began serving as the Rabbi for Oheb Shalom in Baltimore, Maryland. He would serve in that capacity until his death in 1902. Szold moved the congregation from Minhag America (Reform) to Minchag Ashekenaz (Traditional). For all of his own accomplishments, his greatest claim to fame may be that he was the father of Henrietta Szold.

    1860: Seventy-two year old German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer who called the Jews "The Great Master of Lies" passed away today.

    1863: At its meeting today the Board of Alderman referred to the Committee on Donations and Charities the Report of Committee on Finance, with resolution that the Comptroller be directed to dispose of the following ground, belonging to the Corporation, and located adjoining the Orphan Asylum of the Hebrew Benevolent Society, on Seventy-seventh-street, and extending from the westerly line or side of said Orphan Asylum to the easterly line or side of Lexington-avenue. being in extent one hundred and thirty-five feet front and rear, by one hundred feet deep to the said- Hebrew Benevolent Society, to be held by the said Society upon the same tenure or conditions as the twelve lots of ground heretofore granted to the Bifid Society; the grant hereby made to said Society to be sanctioned by the Legislature of the State at its next or any subsequent session, in order to perfect the title thereto in the aforesaid Society, and to obviate the prohibition contained in the forty-first section of the Amended Charter of one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, in respect to disposing of the property or franchises of the City.

    1865(1stof Tishrei, 5626): American Jews celebrate Rosh Hashanah for the first time during the Presidency of Andrew Johnson

    1867: Birthdate of American statesman, Henry Stimson. By the time he passed away in 1950, Stimson had amassed an incredible record of public service serving Presidents from Teddy Roosevelt to Harry Truman. Stimson served as Secretary of War from 1940 through 1945. This meant that he was the cabinet member who oversaw the Army and Army Air Force in the successful defeat of the Axis military. Towards the end of the war, there were some in the Roosevelt administration who circulating a resolution opposing creation of a Jewish state in Palestine. Stimson came out against this move which helped to smother it at a time when American support for a Jewish state was a hotly debated issue in the halls of government.

    1870: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi J.H.M. Chumaceiro officiated at the wedding of S.C. Peixtto of Columbia, SC and Hortense Levy, the “eldest daughter of Max Levy.”

    1870: According to the Teachers’ Reading Room and Exchange in Manhattan there are 7 Hebrew Schools below 59th Street with a total enrollment of 1,147 and 47 teachers.

    1871(6th of Tishrei, 5632): Sixty-four year old Rabbi Mendel Hess passed away. Born in 1807, at Lengsfeld (now Stadtlengsfeld), Saxe-Weimar he was a German rabbi.He was one of the 1st Jewish theologians to combine a university education with Talmudical training. From 1828 until his death he was chief rabbi of the grand duchy of Weimar, residing first at Lengsfeld and later at Eisenach. Although the measure had aroused great dissatisfaction among the Jews, he strictly enforced the decree of the government (June 20, 1823) ordaining that Jewish services should be conducted exclusively in the German language and that the reading in Hebrew of sections of the Bible should be followed by their translation into the vernacular. The position of rabbi as government official became very unpleasant, as he was required to inform against those who failed to attend the services, a requirement which even the progressive Jews, who approved of the ordinance, condemned. Intermarriages between Jews and Christians being allowed in the grand duchy, Hess officially consecrated such nuptials, notwithstanding the proviso that the off-spring should be brought up in the Christian faith. In the consecration of Jewish marriages he likewise ignored time-honored traditional rabbinical regulations, and it is said that in his disregard of Jewish sentiment he went so far as to attend a theater on the eve of the Day of Atonement ("Allg. Zeit. des Jud." 1845, p. 62). Hess was a member of the three rabbinical conferences which (1844-46) convened at Brunswick, Frankfort-on-the-Main, and Breslau, and as such was an advocate of uncompromising radicalism. After 1848 he felt the illiberality of enforced reforms, and petitioned the government to repeal the law which made attendance at the Reform services compulsory ("Allg. Zeit. des Jud." 1853, p. 474). He edited "Der Israelit des Neunzehnten Jahrhunderts" from 1839 to 1847, and, with Samuel Holdheim as coeditor, in 1847 and 1848. Hess also published two collections of sermons and addresses (Eisenach, 1839, 1843).

    1873(29th of Elul, 5633): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1874(10th of Tishrei, 5635): Yom Kippur

    1874: Birthdate of Joe Levin, a founder of B'nai Abraham Synagogue in Brenham, Texas.

    1876(3rd of Tishrei): Tzom Gedaliah

    1876: In Vladislavov, David and Marie Bernstein gave birth to Herman Bernstein, the Russian born American author and diplomat who wrote “History of a Lie,” a book which exposed the “Protocols of the Elders of Zion” as an anti-Semitic forgery and served as U.S. Ambassador to Albania.

    1876: Birthdate of Viennese actress Mathilde Sussin who died in 1943 at Theresienstadt.

    1878: As a Yellow Fever Epidemic gripped the Deep South, the officers of Hebrew Hospital Association in Memphis, Tennessee issued the following appeal: “Our funds having been entirely exhausted, and sickness still continuing with unabated fury in our midst, we appeal to our co-religionists through the United States for pecuniary aid. There are orphans to be cared for, in addition to relieving the wants of the sick and the distressed. And our good work must be discontinued unless aid is given us. All remittances should be addressed to David Eiseman, Treasurer of the Hebrew Hospital Association.”

    1878: Raphael D.C. Lewin delivered a lecture on the subject of “Life and Character of Moses Mendelssohn, the German-Jew Philosopher of the Eighteenth Century.” The proceeds of the lecture will go to aid those suffering from the Yellow Fever Epidemic.

    1878: The Chamber of Commerce Relief Committee dispersed funds to various organizations aiding victims of Yellow Fever including $1,000 to the Hebrew Benevolent Association of New Orleans, $500 to the Association for the Relief of Jewish Widows and Orphans of New Orleans and $500 to the Hebrew Benevolent Association of Memphis, TN.

    1878(9th of Tishrei, 5548): Erev Yom Kippur

    1879 (4th of Tishrei, 5640): Tzom Gedaliah

    1879: In Columbus, Mississippi, founding of B’nai Israel, a congregation that holds Friday night and Saturday morning services in the Odd Fellows Building, provides a religious school that meets twice weekly and owns a cemetery “one mile south of the courthouse.”

    1879 (4th of Tishrei, 5640): Rabbi Meir Leibush ben Yechiel Michel also known as the Malbin passed away. Born in 1809, he ultimately became the Chief Rabbi of Bucharest. He wrote a commentary on the Bible, showing the close relationship between the Oral and the Written Law. He fought strongly against many reformist movements which he likened to modern day Kararites. While not very popular with the "enlighteners," he apparently was quite popular with the common people of the various communities that he served.

    1880: It was reported today that the Jewish festival of Succoth or Feast of Booths commenced on Sunday evening and will continue until next Monday night.  The first and last days of the festival are only regarded as holy days, the intermediate days being of no special import.  His is the harvest of feast of the ancient Jews and is also commemorative of the Israelites dwelling in Succoth of booths during their weary journey through the wilderness.”

    1883: Birthdate of Robert Goldstein the producer of “The Spirit of ‘76” a film made before the United States entered WW I which portrayed the cruel treatment of Americans during the Revolution by British soldiers.  Unfortunately for Goldstein and he was prosecuted under Title XI of the Espionage Act, and received a ten-year sentence plus a fine of $5000. The sentence was commuted on appeal to three years.

    1883: Birthdate of New York City native and attorney Edwin Chester Vogel, a partner in the firm of Elkus, Vogel, Gleason and Proskauer and prominent art collector.

    1883: It was reported today that while addressing a banquet being held in Grosswardein, the Hungarian Prime Minister said “Jew-baiting affected the honor of the Fatherland, and the Government was bound to protect the lives and property of all citizens regardless of class prejudice.”

    1884: Birthdate of Clarence Cleveland Dill, the United States Senator from the state of Washington who was so supportive of Herbert Hoover’s nomination of Benjamin Cardozo to serve on the Supreme Court that, on a radio broadcast he called it “the finest act of his career as President.”

    1884: “The English Peers” published today, using information that first appeared in the Fortnightly Review, described the obstructionist role played by the House of the Lords in the past sixty years including their repeated oppositions to bills passed by the House of Commons that would have relived Jews of their “civil disabilities.”

    1884: It was reported today that in London, this week’s edition of the Jewish Chronicle contained a letter from Henry Rice, the President of the United Hebrew Society of New York and I.S. Isaacs, the society’s secretary, describing the opposition of Jews in the United States “to the immigration of idle, weak people who expect to live on charity alone and urging that care be taken that none be sent save those able to earn a living.”  The Jewish leaders warned that the U.S. government would send back the former.  The Chronicle called “the letter harsh and unsympathetic.”

    1884: “Heine’s Memoirs” published today provides a detailed review of The Memoirs of Heinrich Heinewhich include “some newly discovered fragments of his writings” and “an introductory essay by Thomas W. Evans”

    1884: It was reported today that unnamed Jewish peddler has been arrested in New Haven on charges that he had split open the head of John Carroll after being teased by a group of boys last night.

    1884: The Society of United Hebrew Charities met at Wheatly Hall in Philadelphia to discuss the additional street being place on its limited resources to the huge influx of Russian immigrants.

    1884: “Honoring An Aged Philanthropist” published today described the “extensive preparations” being made by American Jews to celebrate the 100th birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore on October 24.  At four o’clock in the afternoon on that date synagogues throughout the United States will hold services following the special liturgy first developed in the British Empire.” 

    1886: Birthdate of Lucian Leman Kahn, the native of Hamilton, Ohio, Virginia Military Institute Class of 1906 who served as a Captain with the 8th Division of the AEF during WW I.

    1890: In Vienna, a sub-Lieutenant who had been arrested for attacking an old Jew appeared before the Police Commissioner today and explained his action by saying that “he had…quarreled with a Jew and hated all the race so much that he had sworn he would punish the first one he set eyes upon.”

    1890: Rabbis Pereira Mendes and M.H. Harris officiated at the funeral of Benjamin F. Peixotto at Temple Israel of Harlem. Pall bearers include Julius Bien, Meyer S. Isaacs, Adolph Sanger, Daniel T. Hays, Michael H. Cardozo, Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, M.M. Davis and Adolphus Solomons of Washington, D.C.

    1890: “New Publications” published today included  a description of The Centurial: A Jewish Calendar for One Hundred Years, a Jewish calendar and almanac compiled by E. M. Myers.

    1891(18th of Elul, 5651): Henry Marks, a young Jew from Brooklyn  who had served with Troop E, Fifth Cavalry, US Army, shot himself “on the lake shore at Edgewater” outside of Chicago.

    1891: Seventy year old Victor Guérin a French explorer and archaeologist whose seven trips to the “holy land” resulted in the seven volume Geographical, Historical, and Archaeological Description of Palestine and who used such Jewish sources “as the Mishna and Talmud, as well as Jewish travelers such as Benjamin of Tudela and Isaac Chelo” passed away today.

    1892(29th of Elul, 5652): Erev of Rosh Hashanah

    1892: Birthdate of Brooklyn native Abraham Max Rabiner, the 1916 graduate of Albany Medical College, and Assistant Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at New York Univeristy.

    1892: Polish Jews being held in quarantine at Sandy Hook “have been sent kosher food from their friends in New York so they can begin their celebration of Rosh Hashanah.

    1892: “The Jewish New Year” published today provided a description of the upcoming holiday that includes “a peculiar observance, the blowing of the shofar or cornet…”

    1893: Solomon Breyer is at home with a scalp wound he suffered when the synagogue on Rivington Street he was praying at Erev Yom Kippur caught fire and burned.]

    1893: According to reports published today, a concert will be held “to defray” the legal expenses of Jewish anarchist Emma Goldman.”

    1894: In Vienna, attorney Anton Paul Piëch and his wife gave birth to Anton Piëch, the attorney and son-in-law of Ferdinand Porsche, who was a Nazi party member, member of the SS and a manufacturer of vehicles for the Germans.

    1895: “Knows the Hebrew Bible by Heart” published today described the intellectual attainments of Professor Jacob Cooper, the Rutgers professor who claimed that he was so well versed in the Old Testament that “if all the Hebrew Bibles in the world were destroyed he could reproduce the text from memory and who was awarded an honorary LL.D. by Tulane for his work in ancient languages.

    1895: Birthdate of New York native Samuel Salzman who at the age of 3 moved to Cleveland where he joined “the 37th Division” which fought in France in WW I, founded the United Supply Company and was an active member of “the Temple on the Heights.”

    1896: “Santa Maria,” a comic or light opera created by Oscar Hammerstein is scheduled to open at the Olympia Theatre in New York.

    1898: Boatswain Eugene M. Isaacs, a native of Pennsylvania who had joined the Navy in 1887 was “assigned” to the Iowa today.

    1899: In Algiers, rioting that had been begun by Max Regis, the former mayor and notorious Jew baiter yesterday continued today with the police making at least six arrests.]

    1900: Fire in Constantinople, left 2000 Jews without shelter. One synagogue was destroyed.

    1900: In n the town of Potoki, near Kremenchuk, Ukraine, Hoda (Hadassah) and Yehuda Leib Nissan Vilensky, a Zionist leader descended from a long line of rabbis gave birth to Miriam Vilensky who gained fame as Israeli writer and poet Miriam Yalan-Shteklis

    1900: In New York City, pharmacist Dr. J. Leon Lascoff and his wife gave birth to Dr. Frederick Lascoff, the recipient of a pharmacy degree from Columbia where he taught for 20 years and a Doctorate in Pharmacy from the Connecticut College of Pharmacy who operated the “Yorkville pharmacy started by his father” and who was the husband of Emmy Lascoff with whom he had one son.

    1901: Herzl is granted an interview with British Colonial Minister Joseph Chamberlain.

    1903(9th of Tishrei, 5738): Erev Yom Kippur

    1906(2nd of Tishrei, 5667): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1907(13th of Tishrei, 5668): Parashat Ha’Azinu ]1907(13th of Tishrei, 5668: Fifty-five year old Harris Lebus, the native of Hull, who after learning the furniture making trade from his cabinet-maker father joined with his brother Herman Andrew Harris to form Harris Lebus, “the largest furniture factory in the world” passed away today.

    1909: Birthdate of Kwame Nkrumah, President of Ghana from 1958 until 1966. Nkrumah was President of Ghana when it gained its independence from Britain. Under Nkrumah, Ghana established strong economic and political ties with Israel. Like many other newly independent African states, Ghana saw Israel as a source for training in modern technology that would attempt to establish a pseudo-colonial relationship. Israel saw these joint efforts as a way of off-setting the petro-power of the Arab nations. Among other things, Ghana and Israel formed a joint ocean cargo and shipping line called Black Star. Unfortunately, Nkrumah lost his moral compass and was deposed in 1966l A year later, Israel’s African friends would turn on her and succumb to threats of an Arab led shut off of petroleum following the Six Days War.

    1910: “Ezrah,” the first Ashkenazi community organization is founded in Montevideo, Uruguay.

    1911: On Thursday evening Joseph H. Hertz is formally installed as Rabbi of Congregation Orach Chayim in Manhattan.

    1912)10thof Tishrei, 5673): Yom Kippur

    1912: Houdini performed “The Chinese Water Torture Cell” escape for the first time in public today at the Circus Bush in Berlin.

    1914(1stof Tishrei, 5675): As Jews on all fronts of the Great War celebrate Rosh Hashanah, on the Western Front, German and Allied Forces plan their next move following the Battle of the Marne – the fight that saved France from crushing defeat in the first month of conflict.

    1914: In an attempt to do away with “mushroom synagogues” – “temporary synagogues organized for unattached Jews for the observance of New Year’s and the Day of Atonement – the Kehillah in New York is hosting services at the Technical School for Girls, the Young Women’s Hebrew Association building on 5th Avenue and Educational Alliance with no charge for seats.

    1915: It was reported today that “Djemal Pasha is especially annoyed because of the Zion Mule Corps which consists of volunteers from among the Jewish refugees from Palestine who are engaged in transport work at Gallipoli.

    1915: It was reported today that “Djemal Pasha has announced he will extirpate Zionism root and branch and that not a single Jew will be allowed to re-enter Palestine.”

    1915: Today, “the American warship Chester arrived at Alexandria from Jaffa” carrying “nearly 400 British, French and Russian subjects.]

    1915: The American warship Des Moines is expected to arrive at Alexandria having left Jaffa with a large contingent of refugees that included 200 Jews, many of whom have been expelled by Djemal Pasha because he thinks they are Zionists.

    1916: “The rejection by ‘democratic’ Jewish organizations” in the United States “of the peace plan for an American Jewish Congress to demand equal rights for Jews in other countries was considered at a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Conference of National Jewish Organizations” led by President Louis Marshall which took place today at the Hotel Astor.

    1916: U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis spoke at reception given in his honor tonight by Zionist leaders during which he “pledged to give $6,000 to the Zionist movement on the condition that Boston Jews succeed in raising the remaining $18,000 of the $24,000 pledged at the Hebrew Congress in Philadelphia last Spring.”

    1916: “Congressman Meyer London, the only Socialist in Congress spoke briefly on the Mexican situation at a dinner and reception given in his honor” tonight during which “he praised President Wilson for having avoided war with Mexico and asserted that it was indeed a strange sensation to stand alone against all of the other Congressman when the Mexican Expedition was under discussion.

    1916: Birthdate of Lea France Gourdji, the daughter of Turkish-Jewish parents who gained fame as Françoise Giroud, whose accomplishments included co-founding influential political weekly L’Express to advance the agenda of French-Jewish politician Pierre Mendès France.

    1917: It was reported today that Djemal Pasha, the military governor of Syria has been deposed the government.

    1917: In Russia, proclamations were circulated today “accusing the Jews of attempting to assassinate Alexander Kerensky and overthrow the new regime.”

    1917: In Zhitomir, Russia, “peasants demanded a Tsar instead of a ‘Jewish ministry.’”

    1918(15th of Tishrei, 5679): First Day of Sukkoth

    1918: Birthdate of Connecticut born director and producer Harold Loeb whose best known film maybe the comic war movie Kelly’s Hero who should be confused with author and publisher Harold Albert Loeb the son of Kun, Loeb investment banker Albert Loeb and Rose Loeb a cousin of Peggy Guggenheim.

    1918: During WW I, British cavalrymen under the command of General Allenby captured the 3,000 man Turkish garrison at Nazareth.

    1918: During WW I, as British forces fought to liberate Eretz Israel from Ottoman rule, the RAF and RAAF conducted “the most devastating aerial attack of the war” in which “fifty aircraft bombed and machine gunned the Turks” who were trying to escape from Nablus and cross the Jordan River where they mistakenly thought they would be safe from further attack.

    1920(9thof Tishrei, 5681): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre

    1920: Rabbi Max Reichler is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “An Attuned Soul” this evening at Sinai Temple.

    1920: Rabbi Harris is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Slander” this evening at Temple Israel on Lenox Avenue.

    1920: Rabbi Nathan Blichman is scheduled to deliver a sermon “Our Spiritual Reawakening” at Congregation Montefiore.

    1920: Rabbi Nathan Stern is scheduled to deliver a sermon “Arresting a Catastrophe” this evening at West End Synagogue.

    1920: Rabbi Aaron Eiseman is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “A New Jew’s Motto” this evening at the Mt. Neboh Congregation on Broadway.

    1921: Sir Ernest Joseph Cassel, German-born, British merchant and banker passed away. It was not until he died that most people discovered that Cassel had converted to Roman Catholicism at the behest of his wife.

    1921: Abraham Calechman and his wife gave birth to Harold Ralph Calechman, “the brother of Milton Calechman.”

    1922: U.S. President Harding signed a joint resolution of congress expressing approval of the establishment of a national home for the Jewish People in Eretz Yisrael. Passing resolutions was just about all of the support that the Jews would get when it came to support for a Jewish Homeland in Palestine. Another element that is often overlooked is the lack of strong support for a Jewish Homeland in Palestine. Large segments of Orthodox Jews opposed the Zionists because the movement ran contrary to waiting for the Messiah. And large numbers of Reform Jews opposed it because it ran contrary to their assimilation goals.


    1923: Chinka Chana Zaid and Yosef Yechiel Zaid, HaKohen gave birth to Yehuda and Israel Zaid.

    1924: In Brooklyn, “Benjamin Koslow, an electrician and the former Ruth Sachs” gave birth to Howard Bertram Koslow, the painter and illustrator who gained fame as the designer of stamps for the U.S. Postal Service. (As reported by William Grimes)

    1926: Herman Bernstein, the Polish born American author and editor of The Jewish Tribune was inundated with telegrams and letters congratulating him on the celebration of his 50th birthday. The expression of best wishes came from a variety of Jewish and non-Jewish leaders including David Belasco, Colonel Edward M. House, Louis Marshall and Felix M. Warburg.

    1926: In Cleveland, Ohio, businessman William J. Glaser and his wife Lena gave birth to Donald Arthur Glaser an American physicist and neurobiologist who won the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the invention of the bubble chamber."

    1926(13thof Tishrei, 5687): Sixty-three year old Louis Grossman the Austrian born American Reform Rabbi who served the Plum Street Temple in Cincinnati, Ohio for thirty years passed away today.

    1927: “Oh, Kay!” a musical with music by George Gershwin, lyrics by Ira Gershwin opened at His Majesty’s Theatre in London.

    1927: “The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg” a silent film directed and produced by Ernst Lubitsch starring Norma Shearer was released today in the United States today.

    1928: Catcher Ike Danning made his major league debut with the St. Louis Brown.

    1928: Sam and Annie Stein Lazarus gave birth to Irwin Milton “Bootsy” Lazarus their fourth son, the others being Jacob Mendel Lazarus, Leon Albert Lazarus and Ralph Lazarus.

    1929: “The Oxford students who defended the Jews in the Arab attack in Jerusalem arrived in London from Palestine today in charge of the Rev. Graham Brown principal of Wycliffe Hall. ..The father of one of the students who met them at the ship said that the Jewish community of Tel Aviv presented each with a special memento…The students are all young men studying for the ministry…They were pleased at having enrolled in the police force and at having aided in restoring order in Jerusalem.”

    1929: Birthdate of Elsa Rabinowitz, the native of Charleston, SC who gained fame as actress Elsa Raven who played “Ida Straus” in the blockbuster “Titanic.”

    1929: “Illusion” an early “talkie” produced by B. P. Schulberg and featuring Lillian Roth was released by Paramount Pictures today.

    1929: Eighty-three year old Nathaniel E. Harris who was the governor of Georgia when Leo Frank was lynched passed away today.

    1931: “Graft” a thriller produced by Samuel Bischoff was released in the United States today by Universal Pictures.

    1930(28thof Elul, 5690): Forty-two year old Ukrainian born Mania Krimgold Lispector, the wife of Pinkhas Lispector and the mother of author Clarice Lispector, passed away today as a refugee in Brazil having had to live with the memories of rape and the reality of paralysis.

    1930(28thof Elul, 5690) Fifty-five year old philanthropist Florence Meyer Blumenthal, the daughter of Harriet Newmark Meyer and Marc Eugene Meyer and the sister of Eugene Meyer, Jr the owner and publisher who turned the Washington Post into one of the nation’s leading newspapers in its day passed away today.

    1933(1st of Tishrei, 5694): American Jews observe a New Year living for the first time under The New Deal.

    1934: In the Westmount neighborhood of Montreal, Nathan Cohen and Marsha (Masha) Klonitsky, the daughter of Rabbi Solomon Klonitsky-Kline gave birth to singer/songwriter Leonard Cohen

    1935: “Jubilee” a musical comedy with a book by Moss Hart at the Shubert Theatre in Boston today for a three-week pre-Broadway run.

    1935(23rd of Elul, 5695): After a long illness Henry Samuel Morais passed away today at the House of the Incurables in the Bronx, New York. Born in Philadelphia, PA in 1860, he was the son of Rabbi Sabato Morais, a well-known national Jewish leader, Rabbi of Congregation Mikveh Israel of Philadelphia, and founder of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. Morais attended different private and public schools for his secular education, while he received a traditional religious education from his father. After his schooling he taught for twelve years in the schools of the Hebrew Education Society and in the Hebrew Sabbath-Schools of Philadelphia.He was interested for a time in law but abandoned it to pursue a literary career. He contributed art icles on various subjects to secular and Jewish papers including current matters in Judaism, Jewish literary topics, and other general questions. He wrote for journals all over the United States, although, of course, most of his material was published along the east coast, especially in Philadelphia. In 1887 he was the principal founder of the Philadelphia Jewish Exponent, a weekly newspaper that represented a traditional religious point-of-view, and served as managing editor for its first two years. After leaving the Jewish Exponent he joined the special staff of the Philadelphia Public Ledger and became its editor in 1894. He was also the editor of two other journals in Philadelphia during this time: the Musical and Dramatic Standard and the Hebrew Watchword and Instructor. Along with his journalistic activities Morais took active part in the cultural and intellectual life of Philadelphia. He was the founder and president of Doreshe Da'ath Society, a Jewish literary and intellectual group, founder and executive director of the Philadelphia Musical and the Philadelphia Concert Company, and was also involved with the American Jewish Historical Society, along with his father, during its formative years in the late 1890s and early 1900s. Besides his journalistic efforts and the works which he published (see below for an annotated bibliography) Morais used his religious background and education along with his former teaching experience to enter the Rabbinate where he became known as an articulate speaker, as a Jewish educator to both adults and children, and as a communal leader. He was asked quite often by different synagogues to deliver guest sermons on special Sabbaths and the holidays. As a Rabbi, Morais was respected by and appealed to an American-born, English-speaking constituency committed to the ideals of traditional Judaism. Morais himself held strong views against the Reform movement in America and became embroiled in a number of controversies concerning statements which he made against Reform Judaism. Morais was nevertheless unable to find security in the Rabbinical profession and he held numerous pulpits. Morais' first position was in Philadelphia, where he became acting minister in Congregation Mikveh Israel, 1897-1898, upon his father's death. After a brief illness Morais left Philadelphia to accept a position in Congregation Adath Jeshurun, Syracuse, New York, where he served as Rabbi in 1899-1900, and 1902-1903. In 1900-1901 he served as Rabbi to Congregation Jeshuath Israel, Newport, Rhode Island. After leaving Syracuse he came to New York where he remained for the rest of his life. He founded and became Rabbi of Congregation Mikveh Israel in New York City. Successive pulpits for Morais included: Congregation Sons of Israel, Brooklyn, New York; Congregation Derech Emunah, Arverne, Long Island; Congregation Pincus Elijah, New York City, and the Congregation of Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, New York. Morais never married; he kept in close contact with his brother and sisters, and maintained a large group of friends with whom he corresponded -- indeed many of these people were major figures within the American Jewish community and their correspondence appears in this collection.

    1936: More than seventy people including Benjamin Winter, chairman of the Federation of Polish Jews in America, Sam Rosoff, Judge Jeremiah T. Mahoney, Harry Hershfield, Dr. Alexander Rosenfeld, the vice present of the Maccabee Association and Egon Pollak, a former start of the Hakoah team of Vienna were among those who attended a luncheon at Jack Dempsey’s Restaurant today in honor of the visiting Maccabee Palestine soccer team.

    1936: Having spent the las four months in Europe and the Near East, half of which was spent in Palestine, “B. Charney Valdeck, president of the American Ort Federation and general manager of the Jewish Daily Forward arrived back in the United States aboard the Queen Mary and declared that he was “more convinced than ever that Zionism is a political mistake.”

    1936: “Because he had published a charge of ritual murder and other libels against the Jews, Arnold Spence Leese, a 57 year-old veterinary surgeon and editor of the violently anti-Semitic newspaper The Fascist, was sentenced to six month imprisonment at Old Bailey today” and his printer Walter Whitehead was fined 20 pounds and ordered held in jail until the fine was paid.”

    1936: In address given tonight at Amsterdam, Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the president of the Jewish Agency “emphatically denied reports that he had consented to a temporary halting of Jewish emigration to Palestine” saying that “neither British police nor Arab terrorists can stop Jewish emigration to Palestine.”

    1937(16thof Tishrei, 5698): Second Day of Sukkoth)

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that David Ben-Gurion, Moshe Shertok (Sharett), and Nahum Goldman were present at the opening meeting of the Sixth Committee of the League of Nations in Geneva. In his opening address M. Lange of Norway compared the Palestinian situation to 'the squaring of a circle,' but added that 'humanity owes a debt of gratitude to Jewry.' The Sixth Committee waited for the arrival of British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden to start the Palestine debate.

    1937: Catcher Harry Chozen made his major league début with the Cincinnati Reds.

    1937: Elias E. Sugarman, the editor of Billboard, married “Yiddish torch singer Belle Baker,” in what was her third trip to the altar.

    1939: Sigmund Freud, who is suffering acute pain from the cancer of the palate “asks his physician to administer enough morphine to end the pain.

    1939: “The Soviets and the Germans signed a formal agreement coordinating military movements in Poland including the ‘purging’ of saboteurs, after which “a joint German-Soviet parade was held in Lvov and Brest-Litovsk. (Two years later Nazi tanks would be rolling towards Moscow and Stalin’s folly would be obvious to all except the most loyal Comrades who did not want a trip to Siberia or worse.)

    1939: Heydrich, the Chief of the Reich Central Security Office, held a conference in Berlin to discuss the long-term future of Polish Jewry. During the conference, Heydrich stated that there was an ultimate plan for dealing with the Jews, the first step of which called for the concentration. He orders chiefs of Einsatzgruppen to establish, in cooperation with German civil and military authorities, Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland. He decrees that all Jewish communities in Poland and Greater Germany with populations under 500 are to be dissolved, so that deportations of Jews to urban ghettos and concentration camps can be accelerated. Further, Heydrich orders the establishment of ghetto Judenräte (Jewish councils). The main goals of the ghettoization process are to isolate Jews, force them to manufacture items for Germany, and provide easy Nazi access for murder and deportation.

    1939: “The first actual Judenräte were established in occupied Poland by Reinhard Heydrich's orders on 21 September 1939, soon after the end of the German assault on Poland.”

    1940: “City of Conquest” a film noir directed and produced by Antole Litvak with music by Max Steiner and featuring George Tobias was released in the United States today.

    1941(29th of Elul, 5701): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1941: Birthdate of Paul Cowan, the husband of Rabbi Rachel Cowan and “a journalist of strong social passions whose book An Orphan in History influenced thousands of assimilated Jews like himself to recover their Jewish heritage.

    1942(10th of Tishrei, 5703): Yom Kippur

    1942(10th of Tishrei, 5703): Nazis sent over 1.000 Jews of Pidhaytsi (west Ukraine) to Belzec extermination camp.

    1942: On Yom Kippur the Germans ordered Konstantynów Jews (Poland) to permanently evacuate Konstantynów and move to the Ghetto - established in Biała Podlaska meant to hold Jews from nearby 7 towns including Konstantynów, Janów Podlaski, Rossosz andTerespol

    1942(10th of Tishrei, 5703): In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2588 Jews.

    1942: Open-pit burning of bodies begins at Auschwitz in place of burial. The decision is made to dig up and burn those already buried (107,000 corpses) to prevent the fouling of ground water and to hide evidence of atrocities.

    1943: In Greece, Rabbi Barzilai was commanded to establish a Jewish Council and to take the necessary steps to carry out the deportation of all the Greek Jews.

    1943: The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee announced today that “Max S. Perlman, the former New York City relief supervisor plans to depart soon to engage in rehabilitation activities for Jews in North Africa,” including those are natives to the area as well as refugees from Europe.

    1943: Birthdate of Jerry Bruckheimer, movie and television producer. The CSI television series is one of his most famous “television franchises.”

    1945: “Pope Pius XII received WJC Secretary General Leon Kubowitzki in audience, who recounted to the pope the "great losses" suffered by the Jews during the war and expressed gratitude for what the church had done to help "our persecuted people." Kubowitzki suggested a papal encyclical on the Catholic Church’s attitude toward the Jews and a condemnation of anti-Semitism. "We will consider it," Pius XII reportedly replied, adding: "certainly, most favorably, with all our love." The WJC also urged the Vatican to assist in the recovery of Jewish children saved by Catholics during the Holocaust.”

    1947: Birthdate of Bulgarian born Israeli actress Levana Finkelstein.

    1948: "Texaco Star Theater" with Milton Berle premieres on NBC-TV. Uncle Miltie as he came to be called by his millions of fans was the son of Moses and Sadie Berlinger.

    1949(27th of Elul, 5709): Fifty-seven year old Elinor Morgentahau, the wife of Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr and close friend of Eleanor Roosevelt passed away today.

    1950(10thof Tishrei, 5711): Yom Kippur

    1951: Reuben Shiloah, special adviser to Israel on Arab affairs arrived in Paris this morning bearing a copy of his government’s “offer to sign non-aggression pacts with each of her four Arab neighbors- Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.”

    1951: Maurice Fischer, a minster with the Israeli government presented Israel’s offer to sign a non-aggression pact with her four Arab neighbors to the United Nations Palestine Conciliation Commission.

    1951: “Five Israel soldiers were wounded, three of them seriously, in ambush south of the Dead Sea” that was believed to have been conducted by Arab infiltrators from Jordan.

    1952(2ndof Tishrei, 5713): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1952(2ndof Tishrei, 5713): Sixty-seven year old Sir Montague Maurice Burton, a refugee from the Russian pogroms and founder of Burton on London which became one of the UK’s largest clothing chain who married Sophie Marks and was knighted in 1931 passed away this evening “while speaking after a dinner in Leeds.”

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that according to the East German Minister of Agriculture, his country had so far done nothing about compensating Israel for the Nazi persecution, because Jews had made no concrete application. East Germany had 'no basic objection' to discuss an appropriate compensation. East Germany, the Communist side of Germany never did go through a de-Nazification program. Their contention was that by adopting Communism, they had atoned for any sins of the past. In addition to which, they contended that the West German government had all of the former Nazis and their regime was made up of those who had been anti-Nazis. As any honest reading of history would question many of these claims especially when you consider that it was a pact between Hitler and Stalin that gave Hitler the green light for the attack on Poland and the subsequent attacks on the nations of western Europe and England.

    1952: Jordan returned, two Israeli soldiers kidnapped in the Latrun area, after three months of captivity.

    1953: It was reported today that the survivors of Abraham Panken include his sons Harold and Morton; his daughters Sylvia and Clara; two brothers Louis and Novie; and a sister, Mrs. Celia Lieberman.

    1954: In Concord, MA, Marian (née Goodrich), a teacher, and Cass Richard Sunstein, a builder, gave birth to Cass Robert Sunstein, “a US legal scholar, particularly in the fields of constitutional law, administrative law, environmental law, and law and behavioural economics, who was the Administrator of the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the Obama administration”

    1955: After having been diagnosed with cancer of the jawbone while writing songs for “Pipe Dream,” Richard underwent surgery today that “required removal of part of the jawbone and tongue and some of the lymph nodes.”

    1955: “Killer’s Kiss,” “directed by Stanley Kubrick who wrote the script along with Howard Sackler” premiered in New York today.

    1955: As Egypt continued to contest the settling of a stable border with Israel, the IDF entered the dmz in the vicinity of Nitzana/Auja and “evicted the Egyptian military personnel stationed there” and then withdrew when the Egyptians agreed not to interfere with the setting of border markers.

    1955: Birthdate of Ashkelon native YIsrael Katz, the right wing MP who has served as Minister of Transportation and Minister of Intelligence.

    1956(16thof Tishrei, 5717): Second Day of Sukkoth

    1956: Birthdate of Marta Fran Kauffman, the graduate of Brandeis who helped create the sitcom “Friends.”

    1956: “The Law Wagon,” a westerner co-starring Susan Kohner and featuring music by Lionel Newman was released in the United States today.

    1957: Birthdate of writer and producer Marta Kauffman who co-created the popular sitcom “Friends” and who is married to Michael Skloff who composed the show’s theme song.


    1957: Birthdate of film director Ethan Coen. He and his brother Joel are the film making duo known as the Coen Brothers.

    1957: In Queensland, Albert ("Bert") and Margaret (née DeVere) Rudd gave birth to “Australian prime minister Kevin Rudd who in 2008 told more than 1,000 people at a memorial service at the Yeshiva Center in New South Wales that Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg and his wife, Rivkah, had “devoted their lives to acts of goodness and kindness and compassion for others ... but they lost their lives in a senseless act of hatred

    1959: Birthdate of Leonid Borisovich Nevzlin, a Russian-Israeli businessman

    1959(18thof Elul, 5719): Ninety-two year old Kentucky born son of Ester and Moritz Flexner and Johns Hopkins graduate Abraham Flexner, the creator of the Flexner Report which examined the state of American medical education passed away today

    1960(29th of Elul, 5720): Erev Rosh Hashanah

    1962: Eighty year old Princess George of Greece and Denmark, a financial supporter of Sigmund Freud who played a major role in his escape from the Nazis in Austria and settling in England passed away today.

    1963(3rdof Tishrei, 5724): Shabbat Shuvah observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Kennedy

    1964(15thof Tishrei, 5725): Sukkoth

    1964: The island of Malta gains its independence from Great Britain. The Jewish presence in Malta probably dates back to when Israelites accompanied Phoenicians on trips across the Mediterranean. There is archeological evidence of Jewish presence dating from the Hellenistic period in the form of carvings of seven-branch candelabrums and inscription written in catacombs. By the time Malta gained its independence, the Jewish community was a shadow of its former self. Today the small community continues to exist observing the Shabbat and holding services led by lay people since there is no rabbi.

    1964: Steve Allen replaced Gary Moore as host of “I’ve Got a Secret” the popular game show produced by Mark Goodson, Bill Todman and Allan Sherman

    1969(9thof Tishrei): Erev Yom Kippur

    1969: In Camden, NJ, President Martin Odlen read Beth El’s Golden Jubilee Proclamation which began,

    "In the Beginning G-d created Beth El as a dream in the hearts of men".

    1970: Birthdate of Samantha Power, the wife of Cass Sunstein, who was the 28thUnited States Ambassador to the United Nations and whom Mike Abramowitz, Director of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum's Center for the Prevention of Genocide described as part of “a small group of people that really care about genocide prevention and prevention of mass atrocities” and who is “a real champion for those issue at the highest levels of government.”

    1970(20thof Elul, 5730): Eliyahu Lopian, the native of Grajewo, Poland, known as Reb Elyah, who was among the most prominent rabbis of the Mussar Movement passed away today.

    1970: ABC broadcast the first episode of “The Young Lawyer” the legal drama with scripts by Harlan Ellison, starring Lee J. Cobb and Zalman King and music by Lalo Schifrin.

    1970: Monday Night Football premieres. Monday night football redefined American viewing and social habits for at least two decades. The surprising hit program featured three voices in the broadcast booth, the most unique of which was Howard Cossell. Once again, a Jew played a major role in creating a venue of American pop culture. While everybody thinks of Cossell as the quintessential “New York Jew” he actually was born in North Carolina.

    1971(2ndof Tishrei, 5732): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

    1973(24thof Elul, 5733): Eighty-five year old Oscar award winning composer and arranger Charles Previn who was the great-uncle of Andre Previn and Steve Previn passed away today.

    1973(24thof Elul, 5733): Seventy-seven year old Russian born Canadian politician John Judah Glass who “represented St. Andrew in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1934 to 1943 as a Liberal member” passed away today in Toronto.

    1973: The U.S. Senate confirmed Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State. Kissinger was the first Jewish person to hold the position.

    1974(5thof Tishrei, 5735): Shabbat Shuva

    1975(5thof Tishrei, 5735): Fifty-tree year old best-selling novelist Jaqueline Susann passed away today. (As reported by Laurie, Johnston)

    1975(16thof Tishrei, 5736): Seventy-one year old Russian born Harvard trained attorney Morris Ploscowe passed away today.

    1975: Warner Brothers released “Dog Day Afternoon” directed by Sidney Lumet and co-produced by Martin Bregman.

    1975: “Soviet authorities intervened in Succoth picnic held in the woods near Moscow by Russian Jews and visiting Israeli athletes; tearing down Israeli flag.”

    1976: East Berlin registered Rykestraße Synagogue as a monument, so public subsidies flowed for the renovations in 1986/1987

    1977(9th of Tishrei, 5738): Erev Yom Kippur

    1977(9th of Tishrei, 5738): Ben-Zion Halfon an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for the Alignment between 1969 and 1977 passed away. “Born in Tripoli in Libya in 1930, Halfon was a member of a Zionist youth movement. In 1947 he attempted to make aliyah to Mandate Palestine via Italy, aboard the Aliyah Bet ship Medinat HeYehudit. However, he was detained by the British authorities and sent to an internment camp in Cyprus. The following year he reached Israel, and joined the Palmach's Yiftach Brigade, with whom he fought in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. He was involved in helping other Libyan Jews who had made aliyah, and in 1949 he was amongst the founders of moshav Hatzav. He became involved in the Southern branch of the Moshavim Movement, and became the movement's representative in the Labor Party. He served as national co-ordinator of the movement's purchasing organization and on the board of the Agricultural Bank. In 1969 he was elected to the Knesset on the Alignment list (an alliance of the Labor Party and Mapam), and was appointed Deputy Minister of Agriculture on 22 December that year. He was re-elected in 1973 but lost his portfolio. He lost his seat in the May 1977 elections, and died in a traffic collision near Gedera junction a few months later aged 47. In 2006, the archaeological museum in Nitzana was named after him.

    1981: Albert Shanker, the President of the American Federation of Teachers “had dinner with a personal friend who was also a member of the Federal Labor Relations Authority” today which later led charges that his had been an improper “ex parte contact.”

    1984: “All of Me” a Carl Reiner comedy featuring Selma Diamond was released today in the United States.

    1986: Jewish golfer Corey Pavin won the Greater Milwaukee Open

    1987: Three molecular biologists who have helped revolutionize understanding of one of the body's main immune defense systems and a psychiatrist whose research has had profound influence on the medical treatment of depression were named winners of the 1987 Albert Lasker Medical Research Awards yesterday. The winners are Dr. Susumu Tonegawa, a professor of biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Dr. Philip Leder, chairman of the department of genetics at Harvard Medical School and Dr. Leroy Hood, chairman of the division of biology of California Institute of Technology and Dr. Mogens Schou, director of psychopharmacology research at Aarhus University Psychiatric Institute in Denmark. The awards were funded by Albert Lasker, the successful Jewish advertising executive.

    1988(10thof Tishrei, 5749): Yom Kippur

    1988(10thof Tishrei, 5749): Eighty-three year old movie director Harvey Koster passed away today.  (As reported by Andrew L. Yarrow)

    1990: “The Tall Guy” starring Jeff Goldblum and featuring Jason Isaacs in his first movie role was released today in the United States by Miramax.

    1991: Birthdate of actress Zoe Weisenbaum.

    1991: Nadine Brozan described the new role played by Evelyn Lauder in the fight against breast cancer.

    1992(23rdof Elul, 5752): Seventy-six year old Harry J. Sonneborn, the child of Hoosier Jews who was “the first president and chief executive of McDonald’s Corporation” passed away today.

    1992(23rdof Elul, 5752): Eighty-four year old Harvard graduate and philanthropist Felix Warburg who pursued a career in the field of art instead of banking passed away today.

     1993: At the Toronto Film Festival, premiere of “A Bronx Tale” produced by Jane Rosenthal.

    1995(26thof Elul, 5755): Ninety-two year old Minnesota tackle Louis Gross whose proficiency as an athlete and student during the 1920’s earned him Walter Camp honors as well as the Western Conference’s Medal for athletic and academic performance, passed away today.

    1995: NBC broadcasts the first show of the seventh season of “Seinfeld.”

    1995: NBC broadcast the first episode of “The Single Guy,” a sitcom starring Jonathan Silverman, the son of a sabra and the grandson of Rabbi Morris Silverman and Jessica Hecht.

    1997: The New York Times book section featured reviews by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Aryeh Lev Stollman's first novel, The Far Euphrates and the latest collection of short stories by Deborah Eisenberg entitled All Around Atlantis.

    1997: Broadcast of the first episode of Season Seven of “The Simpsons” developed by James L. Brooks and Sam Simon and featuring the voice of Harry Shearer.

    1998(1st of Tishrei, 5759): Rosh Hashanah

    1998: Publication of Pulitzer Prize winning author A. Scott Berg’s biography of “the Lone Eagle” simply titled Lindbergh.

    1998: CBS broadcast the first episode of “King of Queens” a sit-com co-starring Jerry Stiller as “Arthur Spooner.”

    1999: NBC broadcast the first episode of the second season of “Will and Grace” the sitcom created by David Kohan and Max Mutchnick.

    2000: Today, a week before Rosh Hashanah, Zvi Dershowitz whose family fled his native Czechoslovakia just before the Nazi invasion and who served as the rabbi for Sinai Temple in Los Angeles led services at the Twin Towers Correctional Facility and the Men's Central Jail in Los Angeles/

    2000: The Appellate Court of Fars Province announced their decision on the appeal by the imprisoned Iranian Jews convicted of spying for Israel. In the days leading up to the announcement there were strong indications that the appeals court would overturn the earlier decision or release a number of the defendants. Despite these reports, the court only reduced the sentences of the 10 Jewish prisoners but did not overturn the guilty verdicts or release any of the prisoners.

    2001: Jewish Women Watching published an advertisement in The New York Times asking Jewish women to hold their community accountable for sexism.

    2002(15thof Tishrei, 5763): Sukkoth

    2003: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Who Killed Daniel Pearl? by Bernard-Henri Levy; translated by James X. Mitchell, A Mighty Heart :The Brave Life and Death of My Husband, Danny Pearl by Mariane Pearl with Sarah Crichton, An Execution in the Family: One Son's Journey by Robert Meeropol and Sixty-Six by Barry Levinson.

    2005: Composer Danny Elfman Scores First Emmy Award published today.

    2005: The Jerusalem Post reported that Simon Wiesenthal the famed Nazi hunter who died on Tuesday at the age of 96 will be buried in Jerusalem on Friday. During the 1950’s the non-Jewish world (some in the Jewish world as well) wanted to forget or ignore the Holocaust. Wiesenthal would not let the world forget what had happened. At times it seemed as if he were working almost single-handedly to bring those who had murdered six million Jews to Justice. When the world was ready to remember, Wiesenthal was there with the facts, figures and information.

    2006: As the case against Moshe Katsav expanded, the number of complaints filed against him rose to a total of eight today.

    2006: “Barbara Epstein and ‘The Diary of Anne Frank’” published today.

    2006: Today, “Alan Hevesi admitted that he used Nicholas Acquafredda as a state employee to drive and aid his ailing wife. Hevesi claims that in 2003 the State Ethics Commission decided that he would pay back the entire cost of driving around his wife unless it is for specific safety purposes. A spokesperson from the State Ethics Commission denies such a decision was made.”

    2007: The top ten billionaires on Forbesmagazine’s list of the 400 richest Americans includes five Jews holding down four of these coveted positions: at number 3, Casino mogul Sheldon Adelson; at number 4, Larry Ellison CEO of Oracle Corp; tied for fifth Sergey Brin co-founder of Google; tied for tenth, Oil barons Charles and David H. Koch.

    2007(9th of Tishrei, 5768): Erev Yom Kippur

    2007: Kicker Josh Miller, who had been released by the New England Patriots, was signed by the Tennessee Titans.

    2008: Israel’s TV industry was a big winner, if only indirectly, when this year’s Emmy award winners were announced today at the annual red carpet event in Los Angeles. Dianne Wiest, already a two-time Oscar winner, added an additional statuette to her collection by winning the best supporting actress award for “In Treatment,” HBO’s largely faithful adaptation of the hit 2005 Israeli drama “BeTipul.” The American version of the show features Wiest as Gina Toll, a therapist originally named Gila Abulafia and played on Israeli TV by stage and film veteran Gila Almagor. Wiest’s victory, over nominees from ABC-TV’s “Grey’s Anatomy,” “Boston Legal” and “Brothers and Sisters,” marked the second Emmy for the Israeli-inspired series. The win followed “In Treatment” performer Glynn Turman’s victory in the guest actor category

    2008: In Washington, D.C., Darin Straus reads from his new novel, More Than It Hurts You.

    2008: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research presents “Nusakh Vilne Yizker and Memorial Lecture,” a program marking the 55th anniversary of the founding of Nusakh Vilne, and the 65th anniversary of the liquidation of the Vilna ghetto. Opening remarks are made by Dr. Carl Rheins, YIVO Executive Director followed by Guest Lecturer: Michael Bart, author of Until Our Last Breath: A Holocaust Story of Love and Partisan Resistance. Moish Palevsky’s reading of Holocaust literature is followed by a musical program featuring Cantor Victor Wortman of the Bay Terrace Jewish Center in Bayside, Queens.

    2008: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Indignation by Phillip Roth, Left In Dark Times: A Stand Against the New Barbarism by Bernard-Henri Lévy; Translated by Benjamin Moser, Bumping Into Geniuses: My Life Inside the Rock and Roll Business by Danny Goldberg and Hitler’s Empire: How the Nazis Ruled Europe by Mark Mazower.

    2008: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency by Barton Gellman and The Trouble Begins at 8: A Life of Mark Twain in the Wild, Wild West by Sid Fleischman.

    2008: Internationally-known performer DJ AM (Adam Michael Goldstein) is listed in critical condition, two days after he reportedly saved his life by jumping from a burning plane while it was skidding down a runway in South Carolina

    2008: Bernard Lewis came to Tulane University in New Orleans to speak about the dangers to the world of the present regime in Iran. He claimed that the unpopular regime there would use its nuclear arms because it does not fear “mutual assured destruction,” believing that we are already at the end of days. The 91 and a half year-old scholar amazed everyone with his analysis, wit, and erudition, although his message was frightening for the Big Satan—the USA-- and for Little Satan—Israel.

    2008, In an "epithet-laden" performance at Theater J of the Washington DC Jewish Community Center, Sandra Bernhard warned Vice Presidential candidate Sarah Palin that she would be gang-raped by Bernhard's "big black brothers" if she visited Manhattan

    2009 (3 Tishrei, 5770): Fast of Gedaliah

    2009: Michael “Bolton released his album ‘One World One Love’ in the United Kingdom” today.

    2009: The Center for Jewish History and Center for Traditional Music and Dance present a lecture entitled "The Multi-Ethnic Music Cultures of Moldova" in which Walter Zev Feldman discusses the cultural history of this area of ethnic transformation and his recent expedition which discovered musicians of mixed ancestry still performing traditional Jewish music in his father's hometown of Edinets.

    2009: The DCJCC presents a screening of “Holy Land Hardball,” a film that tells “the story of an unlikely group of players and executives who attempted to create Israel’s first professional baseball league in the summer of 2007. Boston bagel-maker Larry Baras’ idea for Middle East baseball was met with incredulity, dismissal and even hostility, but he attempted it anyway. Among the ballplayers swept up in this unlikely quest: were a 41-year-old father of three with a Peter Pan complex; a 34-year-old father-to-be whose own father, now deceased, fought for Israel's independence in 1948; and a 22-year-old African-American who was told by a preacher at a young age he would one day ‘play in front of God's people.’”


    2009: Israel's Davis Cup team returned home today with mixed emotions, but already focused on next year’s competition. Despite the disappointment of losing 4-1 to Spain in the semifinals of the competition, the players and captain felt they gave their all in Murcia and were proud of reaching the last four of the prestigious competition for the first time in Israeli history.

    2009:The Commission of Experts on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System chaired by Joseph Stiglitz issued its final report today.

    2009: Mark Helprin “ wrote a long defense of his book in today’s edition of National Review, which concluded: "Digital Barbarism is not as much a defense of copyright as it is an attack upon a distortion of culture that has become a false savior in an age of many false saviors.”

    2010: The Center for Jewish History and Jewish Women's Archive are scheduled to present Remembering Grace Paley: A panel discussion, with excerpts from Lilly Rivlin's new film,

    “Grace Paley: Collected Shorts”

    2010: David Grossman’s novel Isha Borachat Mi’bsora (A Women Flees a Message) was published in English today under the name To the End of the Land.

    2010: “Seven Minutes In Heaven” is scheduled to be shown at the 14th Annual Jewish Film Festival of Dallas (TX).

    2010: Hundreds gathered in the rain in Riga’s Old City today for a ceremony to mark the partial opening of the Riga Ghetto Museum, which will commemorate the thriving Jewish community that was wiped out in the Holocaust.

    2010(13thof Tishrei, 5771): Ninety-two year old Shabtai Rosenne, an eminent professor of international law and Israeli diplomat passed away today in Jerusalem

    2011: Elizabeth Flock reviews the first book in 30 years that has been written and illustrated by Maurice Sendak.

    2011: Former President George W. Bush is scheduled to speak at Beth El Synagogue today. The fundraising event at the Conservative synagogue in St. Louis Park, Minnesota, is being billed as “An Intimate Evening with the 43rd President of the United States, George W. Bush.” The audience will be limited to 250; ticket prices start at $1,250. Bush’s speaking fee is reported to be between $100,000 and $150,000. No press will be allowed to cover the event, according to an Aug. 22 letter from Beth El president Gil Mann.

    2011: Thanks to the efforts of Johnson Reynolds, who considered Michael Levin both an Israeli and American hero, a flag which had been flown over the U.S. Capitol in memory of young soldier, was flown over his grave today at Mr. Herzl.

    2011(22ndof Elul): Ninety two year old Chicago native Marvin “Mickey” Rottner the All-American basketball player at Loyola who played professional basketball after serving in WW II passed away today.

    2011: Jewish News One (JN1), the world’s first Jewish global 24hr news channel "that offers a new vision of current affairs," is scheduled to begin broadcasting today via satellite and will be available in Europe, America and the Middle East. A launch and presentation event is scheduled to take place in Brussels on the same day. The channel owners are Igor Kolomoisky and Vadim Rabinovich, respectively President and Vice President of the European Jewish Union (EJU), a body dedicated to promote Jewish life in Europe. Jewish News One will have news bureaus in Tel Aviv, Brussels and Kiev. In the coming months the channel is planning to open further bureaus in Washington, Paris and London

    2011(22nd of Elul): Yahrzeit of Joseph B. Levin – if it weren't for him, in more ways than one, none of this would exist proving that there is more than one way "to be inscribed in the book of life."

    2012: Team Israel is scheduled to play either France or Spain in its second game at the World Baseball Classic which “is considered to be the premier international baseball tournament”

    2012: Today Israel called on the international community in a special gathering at the United Nations to recognize the suffering of Jewish refugees from Arab countries and their material claims the same way it acknowledges the plight of displaced Palestinians

    2012(5th of Tishrei, 5773: A heavily armed terrorist cell from the Sinai Peninsula opened fire on IDF soldiers on the Israeli - Egyptian border today, killing one soldier and injuring a second, before the gunmen were killed in return fire. The IDF announced the name the 20-year-old victim, Netanel Yahalomi, and promoted him posthumously to the rank of corporal.

    2012:Israeli soldiers helped to save a Sudanese refugee today in the Sinai, near the site where a soldier was killed in an ambush by three men at the Israeli-Egyptian border.

    2012: Iranian military commanders today threatened the complete destruction of the State of Israel as the country unveiled a domestically manufactured air defense system as part of a military parade, various Iranian news agencies reported

    2013(17thof Tishrei, 5774): Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

    2013: In the evening the 92nd Street Y is scheduled to sponsor an Israeli Folk Dance Marathon.

    2013: Residents of Tel Aviv and surrounding towns witnessed loud, low-flying maneuvers by Israel Air Force jets this morning when the planes scrambled to intercept what was initially believed to be an intrusion by enemy aircraft into Israel’s airspace but turned out to be a flock of birds.

    2013: Rain was reported along Israel's coast from Haifa in the north down to the Center area, including Tel Aviv today making it “first rain of the season.” (As reported by Amishai Gottlieb)

    2013: In Bat Yam, “Tzachi Meats” remained closed this evening as an angry crowd gathered around the restaurant that illegally employed Nidal Amar, the Arab who lured Tomer Hazan, a sergeant in the IAF and co-worker to his death last night. Amar had originally planned to trade the body for terrorists in Israeli custody but changed his mind and threw the body into the well.

    2014: “Charlotte Salomon: Life? Or Theater” an exhibition that includes 300 of the 1,300 “gouache paintings created by “a 23 year old Jewish artist from Berlin who fled to south of France where she painted for two years before being transported to Auschwitz where she was murdered” is scheduled to come to an end.

    2014(26thof Elul, 5774): Seventy-nine year old Sheldon Patinkin passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2014(26thof Elul, 5774): Eight-seven year old Israeli intelligence officer Michael Harari passed away today.

    2014: The New