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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.

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    OCTOBER 26

    1235: King Andrew II of Hungary passed away. During the reign of King Andrew II (1205–1235) there were Jewish Chamberlains and mint-, salt-, and tax-officials. The nobles of the country, however, induced the king, in his Golden Bull (1222), to deprive the Jews of these high offices. When Andrew needed money in 1226, he farmed the royal revenues to Jews, which gave ground for much complaint. The pope (Pope Honorius III) thereupon excommunicated him, until, in 1233, he promised the papal ambassadors on oath that he would enforce the decrees of the Golden Bull directed against the Jews and the Saracens (by this time, the papacy had changed, and the Pope was now Pope Gregory IX; would cause both peoples to be distinguished from Christians by means of badges; and would forbid both Jews and Saracens to buy or to keep Christian slaves.

    1407:  Mobs attacked the Jews in Cracow, Poland.  The so-called Cracow Accusations was one of the first libels in Poland. The Jews tried to defend themselves and were forced to take refuge in the Church of St. Anne which was surrounded and then set afire. Any children left alive were forcibly baptized.
    1496: An edict expelling the Jews was signed in Naples.

    1520: The coronation of Charles V as King of Germany, to whom the Jews of Speyer complained that they were mistreated and denied their given rights. This included beatings, tortures and killings, imprisonment, robbery, expulsion, closing of schools and synagogues, payment of tolls and duties and the denial of the right to appeal to the imperial or other courts” which led him “to renew and confirm the Jews’ charter” took place today.

    1631: Birthdate of Cardinal Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch who advised the King to repopulate Hungary with Catholic Jews from Germany and who “held that the Jews could not be exterminated at once but must be weeded out by degrees as bad coin is gradually withdrawn from circulation.  To that end he called for the enforcement of the decree by the Diet of Pressburg, “imposing double taxation on the Jews” and deny them right to “engage in agriculture” or “to own any real estate.”

    1689: General Piccolomini of Austria burned down Skopje in Macedonia to prevent the spread of cholera. Skopje was part of the Ottoman Empire and it was one of the towns where Jews fleeing from Spain after 1492 found refuge and were able to prosper in the fields of trade, finance and medicine.  In the 21st century, most of the handful of Macedonian Jews lives in Skopje, the country’s capital.

    1714: Emperor Charles VI approved an arrangement previously “confirmed by Joseph I that protected the Jews against any infringements of their rights on the Part of the Council of Worms.

    1803: Moses Mosely married Rosetta Samuel at the Great Synagogue today.

    1819: On the Isle of Jutland, Aaron Goldschmidt and Leah Rothschild gave birth to the “distinguished Danish poet, novelist and journalist,” Professor Meyer Aaron Goldschmidt.

    1825:The Erie Canal opens with passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie. Eventually the canal would provide a water access to Buffalo, thus opening a water route that would stretch from the Atlantic Oceans to the all of the lands bordering on the Great Lakes.  This would create immeasurable commercial opportunities for all Americans, including the Jews.  It would lead to the creation of thriving Jewish communities in places like Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago.  Mordechai M. Noah, one of the most prominent Jews of the early 19th century was originally an opponent of the canal but changed his mind when he saw that successful development of the land along the Canal would help make his dream of Ararat, A City of Refuge for Jews, a reality.

    1826: In New York, John Solomons and Julia Levy gave birth to Adolphus Simeon Solomons, the husband of Rachel Seixas Phillips who became “an influential Washingtonian with strong White House and Congressional connections.”

    1829: One day after he had has passed away, Hyam Emanuel was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”

    1829: Two days after he had passed away, Michael Solomon, the wife of husband of Hannah Solomon and father of Samuel Solomon was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1831: Morris Lee married Rachel Nathan at the New Synagogue today.

    1833(12thof Cheshvan, 5594): Forty-six year old David Phillip (Feist) Schloss, the son of Jacob and Sprinz Schloss and the husband of Malchen Schloss passed away today at Frankfurt am Main.

    1836: John Wagg married Harriet Cohen at the Great Synagogue today.

    1841: Birthdate of Viennese born German dramatist Jacob Bettelheim

    1842: Henrik Wergeland who had rejected the anti-Semitic views of his father Nikolai, published his book Jødesagen i det norske Storthing ("The Jewish issue in the Norwegian parliament"), which in addition to arguing for the cause also provides interesting insights into the workings of the parliament at the time

    1844: Birthdate of American playwright and producer Edward “Ned” Harrigan the author and producer of “Mordecai Lyons” an 1882 drama which unlike some “Jew plays” is “serious and valuable” when it comes to portraying its Jewish characters.

    1853: Dr. Raphall, a New York Rabbi, delivered an address about Russia at a meeting of the Young Men’s Literary Association. 

    1853: Following Dr. Raphall’s address to the Hebrew Young Men’s Literary Association, Mr. Mosely Lyon delivered an address describing the purpose of the organizations.

    1854:Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt discovered Asteroid 32 Pomona.

    1855: Birthdate of Richmond dramatist Sydney Rosenfeld, the “first editor of Puck,” “one of the main movers in the effort to secure a National Theatre for the United States” and husband of “Genie Holzmeyer Johnson” who was the author of several plays including “A Possible Case” and “The Club Friend” as well as several “operettas and musicals” including “The Lady or the Tiger” and “The Passing Show.”

    1858: Albert Goldsmid was promoted to the rank of major-general in the British Army.  Born in 1794, the son of Benjamin Goldsmid, he entered the army in 1811 which gave him the opportunity to fight the French in Spain to serve at the Battle of Waterloo.

    1858: The Personal Column published today reported that a "A Moldavian Jew, Israel Benjamin SRAEL, is preparing for a journey through Afghanistan and China. Since 1845, he has gone over the Eastern countries of Europe, as well as Egypt, Palestine, Persia, the Regencies of Tripoli and Tunis, Algeria, and Morocco. The Geographical Society of Berlin have charged him to solve several geographical and ethnographical questions. He has just published Eight Years Travel in Asia and Africa by Israel Benjamin

    1859:  Bernhard Bettmann who had “established a men’s clothing business in 1856 at Cincinnati, Ohio married Tillie Wald of New York City with whom he had seven children.

    1860: In Sweden, Jews, who up until now were only permitted to own property in urban areas, were granted the “right to acquire real estate in rural communities.”

    1861: During the American Civil War, the 9thWisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment was mustered into service as part of the United States under the command of Colonel Frederick C. Salomon.  When Salomon was appointed Brigadier General, he brother Charles became the Colonel commanding the regiment.  This may have made the 9thWisconsin the only unit on either side of the conflict to be commanded successively by two brothers who were Jewish.

    1862: Birthdate of Justine Dreyfus Levy who would be buried in Natchitoches, LA in 1917.

    1864:  Myer Isaacs sent a strongly worded letter to President Lincoln warning him against a deal that he allegedly made with a group of New York Jews who, presenting themselves as leaders of the community, had promised to deliver the “Jewish vote” for him. This letter is one of the germinal documents of early Jewish participation in the American political process.

    Your  Excellenc
    As a firm and earnest Union man, I deem it my duty to add a word ... with reference to a recent "visitation" on the part of persons claiming to represent the Israelites of New York or the United States and pledging the "Jewish vote" to your support, and, I am informed, succeeding in a deception that resulted to their pecuniary profit.
    Having peculiar facilities for obtaining information as to the Israelites of the United States, from my eight years' connection with the Jewish paper of this city and my position as Secretary of their central organization, the "Board of Delegates" . . . I feel authorized to caution you, Sir, against any such representations as those understood to have been made.
    There are a large number of faithful Unionists among our prominent coreligionists — but there are also supporters of the opposition, and indeed the Israelites are not as a body, distinctly Union or democratic in their politics ... the Jews as a body have no politics.
    Therefore, Sir, I am pained and surprised to find that you had been imposed upon by irresponsible men ... such acts are discountenanced and condemned most cordially by the community of American Israelites ...
    There is no "Jewish vote"— if there were, it could not be bought. As a body of intelligent men, we are advocates of the cherished principles of liberty and justice, and must inevitably support and advocate those who are the exponents of such a platform — "liberty and union, now and forever."
    Pardon the liberty I take in thus trespassing on your attention, but I pray that you will attribute it to the sole motive I have, that of undeceiving you and assuring you that there is no necessity for "pledging" the Jewish vote which does not exist — but at the same time that the majority of Israelite citizens must concur in the attachment for the Union and a determination to leave no means untried to maintain its honor and integrity.

    Yours most Respectfully,
    Myer S. Isaacs

    1865: In Philadelphia, PA, “mining magnate Meyer Guggenheim” and his wife Barbara Meyers gave birth to their fifth son Benjamin Guggenheim whose marriage to Florette  Seligman would unite to of America’s wealthiest Jewish families and whose death at age 46 aboard the RMS Titanic was an unexpected tragedy.

    1869: Austen Henry Layard, the archeologist who excavated Nimrud and Niniveh as described in Discoveries at Nineveh completed his service as First Commissioner of Works in the government of Prime Minster Gladstone.

    1872: In Brooklyn, banker Joseph S. Taussig and the former Mary L. Cuno gave birth to Frederick Joseph Taussign, the St. Louis educated graduate of Harvard and Washington University Medical School who developed a specialty in gynecology, served as a “professor of clinical obstetrics and gynecology” at Washington University and married Florence Gottschalk.

    1872: It was reported today that the Jews of Rumania want to immigrate to the United States en masse. They have written to the Interior Department to see if they can acquire a large enough section of public lands to meet the needs of a large colony. Current laws preclude the granting of their request.

    1877: In Philadelphia, PA, Florence LIveright, the daughter of Abraham and Reccah Kahn and Simon Liveright gave birth to Arthur K. Liveright

    1877: In Kovno, Lithuania, Leopold and Matilda Marver Enelow gave birth to Hyman Gerson Enelow a graduate of the University of Cincinnati who was ordained by Rabbi Isaac M. Wise in 1898 who served several congregations including Temple Israel in Paducah, Congregation Adath Israel and Temple Emanu-El in New York City.

    1881(3rd of Cheshvan, 5642) Eighty-six year old Austrian Talmudist Aaron Kornfeld passed away today at his home town of Goltsch-Jenikau Bohemia.

    1881: In Charleston, SC, at Congregation Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim on Hasell Street, Rabbi David Levy officiated at the marriage of Henry J. Harby of Sumter, SC to “Adeline Wineman, the only daughter of L.G. Emanuel of Georgetown, SC.”

    1881: The Gunfight at the OK Corral takes placed in Tombstone, Arizona.  The most famous participant in the fight is Marshall Wyatt Earp. Earp was not Jewish but his last wife Josie was.  When Earp died she had his remains buried in the Marcus family plot in a Jewish cemetery in Coloma, California.  When Josie died, she was buried next to him.  The man with the star lies under the star – of David that is.

    1882: “Mordecai Lyons” was performed tonight before a very large crowd at Theatre Comique in New York City.

    1883: The Paris Figaro contained a detailed account of the duel between Hungarian attorney Dr. Jules Rosenberg and Count Battyany over the affections that the former had displayed for Mlle. Hona de Schossberger, the daughter of a Jewish family whose patriarch sought to marry his daughter off to a Hungarian nobeleman.

    1882: The Troy (NY) Times reported that Harris Udovitch , who has been jailed on charges of assaulting Mrs. Louis Cohen claims that she was injured inadvertently during a fracas between him and Mr. Cohen over the latter’s refusal “to sell his cred with…for $150.”

    1883: It was reported today that when Sir Moses Montefiore celebrated his 99thbirthday two days ago he was hailed as “the most celebrated Hebrew now living England” and the most celebrated Hebrew of our generation with the exception of Benjamin Disraeli. “He is more than an ornament to the Jewish race; he is an ornament to mankind…”

    1884: The Montefiore Centenary as described in a book by Haim Gudella of the same name published in 1885 began today.

    1884: Today is the first of two days during which service are scheduled to “be held in synagogues all over Europe all over in honor of the centenary” of Moses Montefiore.

    1884:  It was reported today that “Sir Moses Montefiore received hundreds of telegrams congratulating him” on reaching his 100th birthday “from all parts of world” including a large number from the United States.

    1884: In Rochester, NY, Rabbi Max Landsberg and Rev. N.M. Mann of the Unitarian church spoke at Temple Berith Kodesh during services marking the centennial celebration of the birth of Sir. Moses Montefiore.

    1884: In Rochester, NY, Etz Chayim Synagogue hosted services marking the centennial celebration of the birth of Sir. Moses Montefiore during which “E.S. Ettenheimer read a sketch of Montefiore’s life,” Sarah Rothschild read an original poem and Rabbi Max Moll delivered a closing oration.

    1884: In Petersburg, VA, “Jews and Gentiles united in celebrating the one hundredth birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore” at the city’s synagogue where “a special prayer for the long preservation of the life of the great philanthropist was offered by Rabbi Freudenthal” after which “a collection was taken up for the poor of the city.”

    1884: In Washington, DC, “the orthodox and liberal congregation held joint exercise” attended by many Christians, honoring Sir Moses Montefiore.

    1884: In Cincinnati, Ohio, “the Hebrew Congregations assembled in the Mound Street Temple this afternoon to celebrate the birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore” followed by an evening celebration sponsored “by the Jewish fraternities at the Allemonia Club..”

    1884: In Memphis, TN, Rabbi Samfield spoke at the services held to honor Sir Moses Montefiore on his one hundredth birthday.

    1884: In Wilkes-Barre, PA, Rabbi David Stern “delivered an eloquent address” at the centennial celebration of the birth of Sir Moses Montefiore.

    1884: In a second day of celebration, Baltimore’s Hanover Street Synagogue was the scene of special ceremonies marking the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Sir Moses Montefiore.

    1884: “An Anglican Bishop For Jerusalem” published today described the failure of efforts to convert “Jews and Turks” living in Palestine.  The Church Missionary Society has spent more than £120,000 pounds in the last 33 years and “as can be proven from their own papers” has “never made a convert…”

    1884: “The Czar’s Views of Justice” published today describes efforts to ameliorate the sentences imposed on those who took part in the anti-Jewish riots at Novogrod. In what appears to be the first decision of its kind, the Czar “has at least to some extent taken sides with the oppressed Jew” by refusing to show any leniency and expressing his determination “to take measures to prevent these bloody excesses.”

    1884: It was reported today that “the chief rabbi at Naples” has been “rebuked by ultra-orthodox Jews for shortening the fast on the recent Day of Atonement” as a measure to avoid the cholera outbreak plaguing the city. The precaution must have been “a good one since not a single Jews has yet died of the disease. [Editor’s note – Fourteen thousand peopled died from Cholera in Naples in 1884.]

    1884: It was reported today no Jews have died of cholera at Toulon, but five Jews died of the disease at Marseilles.

    1884: It was reported today that “the reports of Sarah Bernhardt’s illness have been greatly exaggerated” and she will be able to perform in Sardou’s new play, “Theodroa” which is opening at the Porte Saint Martin Theatre.

    1884: “Pereira, the Teacher of Deaf Mutes” published today traced the career of Jacob Rodrigues Pereira, the Portuguese born Sephardic French Jew whose first student was his sister who was born with the ability to speak or hear

    1884: “Every pew was filled to over-flowing” and the galleries were completely filled as Temple Emanu-El held services to mark the one hundredth birthday of Sir Moses Montefiore.

    1884: “Every seat…was occupied at Shearith Israel, the oldest synagogue in New York, when services honoring Sir Moses Montefiore began at three o’clock this afternoon.

    1884: According to the dedicatory plaque, on this day “The Israelites of the City of New York” dedicated the Home for Chronic Invalids in honor of the centennial celebration of the birth of Sir Moses Montefiore

    1885: The Patrick Divver Hebrew Association of the Sixth Ward held its annual ball today. (Divver who was Irish Catholic, was a Tammany Hall politician who understood the value of the Jewish vote)

    1886: President M. Warley Platzek is scheduled to present an outline of the accomplishments of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association when it meets this evening.

    1886: In New York, founding of the Ladies’ Hebrew Benevolent Society of Green point which “meets on the fourth Tuesday of the month except in July and August.”

    1886: Samuel S. Cox, the U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire delivered an address to the Young Men’s Hebrew Association “on the condition of the Hebrews in the Orient.

    1887: Three days after he had passed away, Baron Herman de Stern, the husband of the former Julia Goldsmid, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1887: Rebecca Wolf, “the youngest daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Simon Wolff of Ridgeville, SC married Aaron David at his parent’s home in Columbia, SC.

    1888: Birthdate of Sokollko native Herman Max Cohen, who in 1891 came to the United States where he earned an M.A. from Columbia and was ordained at Jewish Theological Seminary after which he served as the rabbi of several congregations including Beth Shalom in Kansas City, MO starting in 1919 where helped the growing congregation to build and dedicate a new facility with seats for 1,200 which the “Kansas City Star and Architectural League of Kansas City praised for its beauty and architectural detail”

    1889: It was reported today that August Belmont has contributed $50,000 to New York City’s World’s Fair Fund and that Kuhn, Loeb & Co has contributed $60,000 to the same fund.

    1889: It was reported today that that the Order of B’nai B’rith will take part in the upcoming Educational Fair being sponsored by the Jews of New York City.

    1889: It was reported today that a dinner is going to be held in honor of Sir Julian Goldsmid during his visit to New York City.

    1890: Rabbi Kaufman Kohler will conduct funeral services this morning for Joseph Rosenthal the New York merchant born in Bavaria in 1816 who came to the United States in 1845 where he has operated the dry goods firm of J. Rosenthal & Co. for the last forty-five years.

    1890: “In the New York Clubs” published today provides a snapshot of the exclusive private clubs including the five whose members are primarily Jewish -- Harmonie, Progress, Fidelio, Metropolitan and Fredundschatt.

    1890: In Philadelphia, PA, eighteen year old Roman Catholic Annie Eichert married Morris Stein who was Jewish – a union that Father Henry Dressman would try and put an end to when he told the family that she had to leave her husband because of his religion.

    1890: It was reported today that Oscar Hammerstein’s “bold undertaking to establish grand opera in English permanently in New York City seems destined to succeed.”

    1891: “An Indictment Russia” published today described events in the career of Jewish businessman Samuel Polyakov as well as their mistreatment at the hands of “the infamous” Count Nikolay Pavlovich Ignatyev.

    1892: The Ladies’ Uptown Aid Society gave $50 to the Hebrew Orphan Asylum “in commemoration of the Columbian anniversary” and presented “a gold medal to Colonel Martin Cohen the leader of the Military Bond.”

    1892: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi David Levy officiated at the wedding of Charles Levin of Georgetown, SC and Estell Rothstein.

    1892: “No Belgian Jews Wanted” published today described the demand by the Russian Government that Belgian passports to be used by those wishing to visit Russia show their religion which would mean that Belgian Jews will either be denied admission or “treated to many indignities if they visit Russia.”  The Belgians have not responded since failure to comply will close Russia to Belgian businessmen.

    1893: Birthdate of New York native Samuel Hamilton Kaufman, the NYU School of Law graduate and “a judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York” who presided over “the first trial of Alger Hiss for perjury.

    1894: Plans were announced for the upcoming meeting of the United Hebrew Charities in New York City.

    1894: According to a list published today, the Hebrew Orphan Asylum received $79,000 from the Board of Estimates and Apportionment in 1894 and is asking for $80,000 in 1895 while the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York Orphan Asylum received $82,000 in 1894 and is asking for $85,000 in 1895.

     1894: In Newark, NJ, “a double force” of policemen under the command of Captain Bergen are standing guard at the non-union hat factory of J.L. Kreidel which has been surrounded by “a mob” of angry Polish and Russian Jewish “hatters” who have been fired by Kreidel’s nephew.

    1894: Count George Leo of Caprivi who defended the Jews against the attacks of the Anti-Semites led by, among other Herr Zimmerman, completed his service as Chancellor of Germany.

    1897(30th of Tishrei, 5658): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    1897(30th of Tishrei, 5658): Forty-nine year old Rachel Nelson, the wife of Barnet Nelson and the daughter of Mrs. Isaac Bernstein passed away today in London.

    1898:A Zionist Delegation led by Theodor Herzl arrives in the port of Yaffo (Jaffa). They visit Mikveh Israel and Rishon LeZion.

    1898: Wisconsin native Louis C. Wolf was promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant today.

    1898: After visiting Nes Zionah, Rehovot and Herzl returns to Yaffo where he met with Reverend William Hechler.  William Hechler formed a committee of Christian Zionists to help move Russian Jewish refugees to Palestineafter a series of pogroms. In 1884, Hechler wrote a pamphlet called “The Restoration of Jews to Palestine According to the Prophets.” A few years later, he befriended Theodor Herzl after reading Herzl’s book The Jewish Stateand joined Herzl to drum up support for Zionism. Hechler even arranged a meeting between Herzl and Kaiser Wilhelm II to discuss Herzl’s proposal to establish a Jewish state in Palestine. The two men remained close friends up until Herzl’s death in 1904.

    1902: Feminist, Suffragette and Social Activist, Elizabeth Cady Stanton passed away. She helped to create The Women’s Bible “a collection of essays by a committee of women intellectuals on passages of the Judeo-Christian scriptures that discuss women.” “Stanton and her contributors highlighted and heightened the role of the women” putting “particular emphasis on Miriam’s role in the quest for Jewish freedom, for instance” and “the important work of Deborah the judge.” At the same time she wrote, “We found nothing grand in the history of the Jews nor in the morals inculcated in the Pentateuch.... I know of no other books that     so fully teach the subjection and degradation of woman.”

    1905; Norway becomes independent from Sweden. According to the census conducted at the turn of the century, there were 642 Jewish residents in a population totaling just over 2 million. In 1814, when control of Norway shifted from Denmark to Sweden, the Norwegians adopted “The Constitution of 1814 that contained “The Jew Clause” in the Constitution of 1814 which stated "No person of the Jewish creed may enter Norway, far less settle down there".  The clause was repealed in 1851 which opened a trickle of Jewish immigration to Norway while it was still part of Sweden.  In one of those quirks of history, the man most responsible for the repeal of the Jew Clause was the son of the man who led the fight to have included in the Constitution.

    1905: In Melsungen, Hessen, Germany, Flora and Isaac Alfred Speier gave birth to Leo Speyer who was murdered at Auschwitz.

    1906: Antoine Louis Targe who helped to clear Captain Dreyfus began serving as the Private Secretary to fellow Dreyfusard George Picquart.

    1907: The Tennessee Volunteers coached by Izzy Levene continued their winning ways today defeating Maryville College bringing their record to 4 and 1.

    1909:The new ballroom of the Hotel Astor is the scene of an event celebrating the 25th anniversary of the founding of the Montefiore Home Gifts aggregating $101,500 were announced tonight as the birthday presents to the Montifore Home where . B.J. Greenhut, announces that gifts totaling $101,500 have been donated to support the institution. Greenhut, Chairman of the committee sponsoring the event, said that although he had not been authorized to make public the amount of the gifts and the names of the generous friends, he felt the occasion demanded it. The audience broke into applause when it was announced that J.H. Schiff had donated $50,000 to this worthy cause.

    1910(23rdof Tishrei, 5671): Simchat Torah

    1911:  Birthdate of Minneapolis native Sidney ‘Sid” Gillman the Ohio State University football player who went to a successful college and NFL coaching career.

    1911: The Daily News reported that the Orthodox Jews in Batavia, NY “purchased a house at 232 Liberty Street to use as a synagogue.

    1911:By an order of the Governor all Jews in the RussianProvince of Ekaterinoslaff are subject to expulsion with some minor exceptions.

    1912: As a result of the First Balkan War, Thessalonikibecomes part of modern day Greece. The leaders of the Jewish Community are immediately received by King George I and the Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos who promised to respect the rights of the community and offered full equality in the eyes of the Law.

    1912:  Birthdate of movie director Don Siegel, the native of Chicago who directed Clint Eastwood in several of his finest films.

    1913: During the First Balkan War, Bulgarian forces begin bombarding the city of Adrianople in what will become the Siege of Adrianople which would last until March of 1914.  Three thousand of the city’s Jews sought shelter in the local schools while another 9,200 were left with no place to go.

    1913: Louis Marshall denied tonight that he would have any involvement Governor William Sulzer’s planned appeal of the decision of the High Court of Impeachment. Marshall, a prominent lawyer and leader of the Jewish Community, had reluctantly agree to represent the embattled governor.

    1913: Rabbi Rudolph I. Coffee expressed his displeasure over the support that many New York rabbis had given to Governor Sulzer during his recent impeachment trial.  Coffee felt that there involvement in this partisan political issue compromised their roles as spiritual leaders of the Jewish people especially when one considers the sleazy nature of the Tammany and anti-Tammany forces.  Coffee, the rabbi at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, has been visiting the city during the trial. He ended his comments by saying that “these Rabbis have hurt their religion and they certainly do not each nor practice its ideals.”

    1913: Temple Sinai (First Hebrew Congregation of Oakland) broke ground at 28thand Webster on its new building which was completed in 1914.

    1914: Twenty four year old Louis Weinstein “a British subject from Cape Town” arrived in New York today aboard the SS Voltaire “without funds” which resulted in him becoming a charge of the HIAS.

    1914: “Brandeis Speaks on Zionism” published today described a speech by the Boston lawyer who said that Zionist movement “must be considered by the Jews of American not only from the point of view of their own platform but from that of the needs born of the war” which meant that Palestine could a welcome refuge to the Jews of Eastern Europe “relieving in part the inevitable heavy immigration that otherwise must flow from the devastated battlefield countries to the United States.”

    1916: After reading the report of his Adjutant General that while there while statements had been that Christians were preferred as members of the National Guard and some of those connected with recruitment had admitted to “a distinct bias against Jewish applicants” “the evidence does not show a general prevalence of discrimination” when it comes to recruiting Jewish members of the  National Guard, Government Whitman issued additional orders stating that “no applicant shall be rejected on account of his race or religion” and that “it shall be the duty of officers charged with making enlistments to see that their subordinates are free from such bias or prejudice…”

    1916: “Maurice Simmons, Chairman of the Committee for the Protection of the Good Name of Immigrant Peoples released a statement in answer to the findings of Adjutant General Louis W. Stotesbury that Jews are not discriminated against” when trying to enlist in the National Guard that took issue with the outcome because the complaint was not that there was a “general prevalence of discrimination against Jews” but that the prejudice “existed in certain units.”

    1916: Ten days after the Brownsville Clinic opened Fania Mindell was among those arrested by undercover agents because they providing education about, and distributing, birth control materials.

    1917(10thof Cheshvan, 5678): J.H. Valentine, the  rabbi of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in Manchester who preferred to be called “Reverend” and who was tireless worker for the Anglicization of Jewish immigrants from Russia as can be seen by his statement “The Manchester Working Men’s Club” would not be a “place for dry sermons and must history” but would instead “raise the tone of our poor brethren by instilling into them habits of industry, thrift, education them in the language and customs of the country whiter they come have come to seek an asylum” passed away today in Manchester.

    1917: In England, The Times“published a leading article attacking” the government for its repeated delays in issuing a statement support the Zionist cause. Ironically, the delay was caused, in part, by the concern among some English Jews that support for Zionism would call into question their loyalty to the Crown.

    1917: In Kostroma, “The Black Hundreds accused Jews of speculation” which was the justification for the looting of Jewish shops by those looking for food.

    1917: In Poltava and Oryol, the militia and other “local organizations” put down attacks on Jews accused of speculating that raised the cost of food.

    1917(10thof Cheshvan, 5678): Eight Jews were killed and another twenty were wounded “in an outbreak of anti-Jewish violence” at Pereyaslav.

    1918(20thof Cheshvan, 5679): Parashat Vayera

    1918(20thof Cheshvan, 5679: Today during WW I, 23 year old Sergeant William Sawelson,  a Sergeant, Company M, 312th Infantry, 78th Division, AEF, United States Army “upon his own initiative, left shelter, crawled through heavy machine gun fire to a wound man lay, gave him what water he had in his own canteen and went back to the shell hole in which he had been lying, obtained more water and was killed by a machine gun bullet while returning to aid is wounded comrade. (Editor’s Note – he was posthumously awarded “the Medal of Honor for valor in combat.)

    1919: In Philadelphia, Solomon and Dora (Levin) Pressman gave birth to Jacob “Jack” Pressman the graduate of the University of Pennsylvania and the Jewish Theological Seminary who “served as the rabbi of Temple Beth Am in Los Angeles for 35 years and who was “a co-founder of the American Jewish University in Bel-Air

    1922: Judge Bernard A. Rosenblatt, the accredited representative for Tel Aviv in the United States announced that “Harvey Fisk & Sons, Inc have been appointed commercial and fiscal agency in the United States for Tel Aviv, the modern section of Jaffa which is the principal port of Palestine.”  The announcement is important to commercial interests in the United States since Jaffa has become the principal port in Asia Minor following the destruction of Smyrna.

    1926:In Paris, France, the trial of Sholom Schwartzbard comes to an end.A jury of 12 petit-bourgeois Parisians acquitted the Ukrainian-born Jewish immigrant and anarchist of the charge of murder for shooting to death former Ukrainian president Symon Petliura.

    1928: “Suzy Saxophone” a French-German silent film featuring Herman Picha and filmed by cinematographer Otto Heller was released today.

    1929(22ndof Tishrei, 5690): Shimini Atzeret and Shabbat

    1929(22ndof Tishrei, 5690): Sixty-three year old Abraham Mortiz “Aby” Warburg, a member of the famed German banking family who turned his back on the family business and alternate plans to enter the rabbinate to become a leader in the field of art history passed away today in his home town of Hambrug.

    1930(4th of Cheshvan, 5691): Ninety year old Waldemar Mordecai Wolff Haffkine the Russian born bacteriologist who developed “vaccines used against cholera and bubonic plague” and who not only refused to convert to advance his career but was active in Jewish affairs, passed away today.

    1931: In Manhattan, Romanian Jewish immigrants gave birth to their second child Larry Lieber, the “American comic book artist and writer” who was nine years younger than his brother “Stanley Martin Lieber, later best known as Marvel Comics editor and impresario Stan Lee.”

    1931(15thof Cheshvan, 5692): Sixty-nine year old George Washington Ochs-Oaks the son of Bertha and Julius Ochs a member of the Ochs family of New York Times whose varied career included serving as newspaper reporter, a member of the New York National Guard during WW I and may of Chattanooga, TN passed away today.

    1932:The Canada Dry Program, starring Jack Benny was broadcast for the last time on the NBC Blue Network

    1932: “Scampolo,” a comedy film produced by Lothat Stark who would be forced to seek refuge in Copenhagen when the Nazis come to power, with a script by Max Kolpe, Felix Salten and Billy Wilder and music by Artur Guttman and Franz Waxman was released today in Germany by Bavaria Film.

    1934: Featherweight Harry Blitman fought his 77th and final bout today in Philadelphia,

    1936: Birthdate of Deborah Tobias Portiz, the Brooklyn native who was the first woman to serve as the Attorney General of New Jersey and the first Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.

    1936: The Church of England issued its “first pronouncement on the agitation by Sir Oswald Mosley’s Fascist movement” today “branding the recent East End disturbances as ‘monstrous’” while the London Diocesan Conference adopted a resolution “urging Christians not to tolerate anti-Semitisms.”

    1936: As part of the efforts of the Nazi regime’s “efforts to enforce its discriminator laws against Jews in other countries as well as in Germany,” “The Juridical Weekly” announced that the foreign department of the National Socialist Association “has established a world register of ‘Aryan’ lawyers abroad” who “are fitted to represent German interests abroad” while issuing a warning to “all Germans against employeeing Jewish lawyers in other countries.

    1938: “The Gestapo was ordered to arrest and deport all Polish Jews living in Germany immediately resulting in the arrest of 12,000 Polish Jews who were “stripped of their property and herded aboard trains headed for Poland.”

    1939: The Nazis prohibited Sh'chita in Poland supposedly on humanitarian grounds.

    1939: The Nazis abolished its military government in Poland.  It is replaced by the Military Generalgouvernment under the command of Hans Frank. In his first speech he announced that “there will be no room for . . . Jewish exploiters in a territory under German sovereignty."

    1939: The Labor Department of the Generalgouvernement of Occupied Poland issues the Arbeitspflicht(Work obligation) decree, which makes slave labor mandatory for all Polish men and women over the age of 14 and under age 60.

    1939: Birthdate of University of Iowa Economics Professor Michael Balch.

    1939: Following a plan devised by Adolf Eichmann, the Nazis deport and "resettle" some 78,000 Jews to a "reservation" located in the Lublin-Nisko region of southeast Poland in a three and half month period ending in the middle of February, 1940.  The project is temporarily suspended when rolling rail stock is needed for German military campaigns against the Low Countries.

    1941: After the Odessa Action which started on October 23 and ended on October 25 leaving 20,000 murdered Jews, another 10,000 more were sent to various concentration camps from that City.

    1941: Cardinal Emmanuel Célestin Suhard, the Archbishop of Paris “addressed a dispatch to Hitler” in an attempt “to save hostages in Nantes and Châteaubriant.

    1941: Germans inform Jews of Kalisz, Poland, that elderly Jews in convalescent homes are to be moved to another home the next day

    1942: Birthdate of The Rev. Lawrence Boadt, a Roman Catholic priest, publisher and Bible scholar who used his study of the Old Testament as a vehicle for promoting understanding between Christians and Jews,

    1942: In Oszmiana, Poland, 400 Jews were deported. To save the remaining 600, the head of the ghetto decided to send only the old so to make up the quota.

    1943: At the Janowska camp in Lvov, the Nazis continued to shoot Jews and burn them on pyres. After the mothers and children would undress, the Germans would swing small children, smashing their heads into trees until they died. All this was done in front of the mothers who themselves would be beaten, hung or shot.

    1943: Seventy-nine year old Sir Marc Aurel Stein, the Budapest born Jew who became a Lutheran to advance his career as an archaeologist passed away today in Kabul while on the last of his many expeditions to Central Asia.

    1943: Three thousand Jews are deported from Kovno, Lithuania, to the slave-labor camp at Klooga, Estonia.

    1945: “Fallen Angel” directed and produced by Otto Preminger and with music by David Raskin was released in the United States today.

    1946: Kurt Daluege, former SS-Obergruppenführerand deputy Reichsprotektor of Bohemiaand Moravia, is hanged in Prague, Czechoslovakia, after being convicted of war crimes.

    1946: “A Jewish agency spokesman said today the inner Zionist Council would call on Palestine Jews…to take certain specified measures in cooperation with the Government against the use of violence…” The move was part of bargain to gain the release of 700 Jews who have been held by the British without charges or trial since last June.  Among those who would be released is Moshe Shertok, head of the Jewish Agency’s political department.”  The deal would also allow Moshe Sneh head of the Haganah and David Ben-Gurion to return to Palestine from France where they have endured a self-imposed exile in an attempt to avoid imprisonment by the British.

    1946: Holocaust survivor and future French political leader Simone Annie Liline Jacob became Simone Veil when she married Antoine Veil whom she met while study law at the University of Paris.

    1947: In Washington, DC dedication of the Oscar S. Straus Memorial which “commemorates the accomplishments” of President Theodore Roosevelt’s Secretary of Commerce and Labor and “the first Jew to serve in the cabinet of a U.S President.”

    1947: The British ended their occupation of Iraq.  The British departure made it possible for the Arab population to move against the Jews of Iraq.  The situation would only grow worse once the Israelis defeated the Arab Armies, including the Iraqis the following year.  However, the violence against the Jews began before the UN partition and before there was a state Israel.

    1947: Arabian King Ibn Saud warned President Harry Truman that American support of partition of Palestinewas an unfriendly and useless act.  “The Arabs will isolate such a state from the world and lay siege to it until it dies by famine.”

    1947:The day before the Hollywood 10 began testifying, the anti-HUAC celebrities aired the first of a two-part national broadcast called "Hollywood Fights Back!," co-written by Norman Corwin and Robert Presnell Jr., and featuring Garland, Kelly, Bacall, "Bogie," Robinson, Lancaster, Henreid, John Beal and William Holden. HUAC’s investigation into the Communist influence in the film business was tainted in many ways including a predilection for anti-Semitism.

    1948(23rdof Tishrei, 5709): Simchat Torah

    1948: “The Return of October” a comedy directed by Joseph H. Lewis and script co-authored by Melvin Frank was released in the United States today.

    1948: Today, “in a public ceremony at naval headquarters in Haifa Prime Minister David Ben Gurion appointed Kvarnit Shulman to the postial of commander in chief of the Israeli Naval Service” which meant that the twenty-six and half year old former U.S. Navy Lieutenant “could not assume the title of Aluf or admiral.”

    1950: Sixty-one year old Miguel Mariano Gómez who as President of Cuba in 1936 negotiated with Congressman William I Sirovich about the possibility of “Cuba opening her doors to at least 100,000 persecuted German Jews” passed away today.

    1951: “The Blue Veil” a dramatic film directed by Curtis Bernhardt with a screenplay by Norman Corwin and music by Franz Waxman which had premiered in September was released in the United States today by RKO.

    1951:Emanuel “Manny” Shinwell, Baron Shinwell completed his service Minister of Defense when the Labor Party was defeated in the “snap election” of 1951.

    1951: Winston Churchill “became Prime Minister for the second time.” Chaim Weizmann, the first President of Israel, sends a message of genuine congratulations.  In his reply, Churchill refers to the Zionist leader as “my old friend.”

    1951:In Brooklyn  Esta Greenberg and Jack Schnabel gave birth to American artist and filmmaker Julian Schnabel who grew up in Brownsville, Texas creating  a culture clash that must have had an effect on his artistic creativity.

    1954(29thof Tishrei, 5715): Eighty-eight year old Jennie Wallenstein Kohnstamm the oldest child of Esther Hellman Wallenstein, the founding president of the Hebrew Infant Asylum, passed away today.

    1955: The last American occupation troops left Austria and Austria enacts laws of proclaiming permanent neutrality.  The American occupation had been a rather benign affair since the Austrians had been declared the first victim of Nazi aggression rather than a willing partner of the Third Reich.  Considering the number of Austrian Nazis, the number of Austrians who served in with the German military and the zeal with Austrian Nazis attacked and helped to exterminate the Jewish population, this was a total misreading of the situation. 

    1955(10thof Cheshvan, 5716):“An Egyptian raid today against the small Israeli post at Be'erotaim resulted in the killing of one Israeli soldier and the capture of two others

    1955: “A large force of Egyptian soldiers reinforced with artillery, armor and anti-aircraft cannon, took up positions on both sides of the demilitarized zone near Sabcha and Ras-Siram” with “elements of the Egyptian force penetrating one kilometer into Israeli territory and entrenching themselves near a strategic hill, code-named “Lilly” by the Israelis.”

    1956: “The Opposite Sex” a romantic comedy produced by Joe Pasternak, with a screenplay by Fay and Michael Kanin and music by Nicholas Brodszky, Sammy Cahn, Ralph and George Stoll was released in the United States today.

    1956: “The Brave One” directed by Irving Rapper and produced by Frank King who risked a lot by allowing one of those on the Blacklist to write the script was released today in the United States.

    1956: “The 202nd Paratroopers Brigade, under the command of Ariel Sharon, is assigned to drop a paratroopers regiment in the Mitla Pass in Sinai and to lead the rest of the brigade forces via land to the landing zone in the Mitla Pass. Sharon is not aware that the task of his brigade is chiefly to deceive the Egyptian army (so it would seem as though IDF is carrying out a limited scope type of action) and to supply the pretext for the involvement of Britain and France.”

    1957(1st of Cheshvan, 5718):  Dr. Gerty Theresa Cori, the first Jewish-American woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology passed away today at the age of 61.  An internationally known biochemist she and her husband Dr. Carl F. Cori and Dr. B.A. Houssay shared the 1947 Nobel Prize.

    1958: Sixty-five year old architect László Hudec Hungary’s honorary consul in Shanghai during WW II who helped Jewish refugees from Europe by issuing them passports to ravel safely to Canada and the United States passed away today.

    1959: “Burning Bright” produced by Lewis Freedman and Henry Weinstein was broadcast today as “The Play of the Week.”

    1959:  Dr. Arthur Kornberg is awarded the Nobel Prize Physiology or Medicine 1959 for his discovery of "the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)" together with Dr. Severo Ochoa of New YorkUniversity.

    1960: “The 49th Cousin” starring Menasha Skulnik as “Isaac,” Marian Winters as “Tracy Lowe” and Eli Mintz as “Simon Lowe” opened on Broadway at the Ambassador Theatre.

    1965: “The first Broadway performance of” Peter Shaffer’s “The Royal Hunt of the Sun” “took place at the ANTA Playhouse.”

    1967: “Wait Until Dark” a thriller starring Alan Arkin “as a violent criminal searching for drugs” was released in the United States by Warner Brothers-Seven Arts.

    1967: A production of Lillian Hellman’s “Little Foxes” directed by “Mike Nichols, a third cousin twice removed of scientist Albert Einstein, through Nichols' mother” opened today “at the Vivian Beaumont Theatre in Lincoln Center.”

    1970(26th of Tishrei, 5731): Sixty-nine year old Kiev native Louis “Kid” Kaplan the resident of Connecticut who also fought under the name of Benny Miller and “was the world featherweight champion in 1925 and 1926 passed away today.

    1972:  Dutifully playing his part to ensure the re-election of Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger declares "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam.  The November elections would come and go and the war would drag on.

    1973(30thof Tishrei, 5734): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    1973: Fire broke out in a store in Malverne, NY owned by Arthur Shilkret, the son of Nathaniel Shlkret, the creator the Genesis Suite.

    1973: In violation of the ceasefire agreement, the Egyptian Third Army attempted to breakthrough surrounding Israeli; an attempt that was thwarted by the IDF and the IAF.

    1973:  West German authorities arrested 4 Arabs armed with explosives.

    1974: “Israel and the River Plate,” published today, C. L. Sulzberger writes from Herzliya that “it would probably astonish most people to know that Israel counts on Argentinaas potentially the largest remaining source of Jewish immigration that can answer this dynamic little country's constant clamor for more people.” To make things even better, the Argentinean Jewish community would provide an already-educated cadre of immigrants.

    1975“A Talk With Amos Oz,” by Hebert Mitgang published today provides interesting insights into the life and thoughts of one Israel’s most prominent authors:

    1975: As Arab states seek to recoup their losses from the Yom Kippur War, the Syrian Minister of Defense arrived in Budapest today.

    1976: Yorkshire Television broadcast “Success” the fifth episode of “Dickens of London” with music by Monty Norman.

    1978(25th of Tishrei, 5739):Alexander Gerschenkron a Russian-born American Jewish economic historian and professor at Harvard who was trained in the Austrian School of economics passed away. He is the grandfather of author Nicholas Dawidoff

    1978(25thof Tishrei, 5739): Eighty-one year old William Jacob Mack, Sr. the son of Lydia and Millard William Mack, who was married to Henritte L. Segal before marrying Grace Bernice Mack passed away today in his home town of Cincinnati, Ohio.

    1984: Birthdate of Olympic figure skater Sasha Cohen.

    1984: “Firstborn” a drama that marked the film debut of Corey Haim and co-starring Sarah Jessica Parker was released in the United States today.

    1984: “Body Double” a mystery movie featuring Al Israel with a script by Robert J. Avrech, a graduate of Brooklyn’s Yeshiva of Flatbush was released today in the United States today.

    1986(23rdof Tishrei, 5747): Simchat Torah

    1988: NBC broadcast the first episode of “Tattingers” created by Bruce Paltrow and co-starring Jerry Stiller and Rob Morrow.

    1989: In Great Britain, Nigel Lawson completed his term as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

    1990(7th of Cheshvan, 5751: William Paley, the founder and CEOof CBS died of a heart attack at the age of 89. (As reported by Jeremy Gerard)

    1992: In a case of “Jew versus Jew” Frank Rich reviews David Mamet’s “Oleanna.”

    1992: Today, “President George H.W. Bush signed into law the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act” which made Zapruder’s film of the JFK assassination an official “assassination record” and the official property of the United States Government – a designation which the Zapruder contested claiming that it belonged to the family and demanding that it be returned to them.

    1992: The Times quoted Jewish born financier George Soros as saying: "Our total position by Black Wednesday had to be worth almost $10 billion. We planned to sell more than that. In fact, when Norman Lamont said just before the devaluation that he would borrow nearly $15 billion to defend sterling, we were amused because that was about how much we wanted to sell."

    1994: Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israeland Prime Minister Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty in a ceremony attended by President Clinton.

    1994: Dame Shirley Porter, “the daughter and heir of Sir Jack Cohen, the founder of Tesco supermarkets” completed her services as Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London.

    1995:  Fathi Shikaki, a leader of the terrorist organization Islamic Jihad was assassinated while staying on the island of Malta.  It is claimed that Mossad agents were responsible for his death.

    1997:The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interesting including Wait Till Next Year: A Memoir by Doris Kearns Goodwin, The Stolen Legacy of Anne Frank:Meyer Levin, Lillian Hellman, and the Staging of the ''Diary” by Ralph Melnick and Panther in the Basementby Amos Oz; translated by Nicholas de Lange.

    1997: “Before Women Had Wings” a made for television movie for which Ellen Barkin won an Emmy was released in Canada today.

    1998: Rededication of the Oscar Straus Memorial in Washington, DC.

    1999: Eighty-eighty year old author and screenwriter Abraham Polonsky, one of the many victims of Hollywood’s Blacklist passed away today. (As reported by William Honan)

    2000: Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for today’s bombing in the Gaza Strip.

    2001(9th of Cheshvan, 5762): Ninety-six year old Laszlo Halasz, the Hungarian born musician who served as the first director of the New York City Opera in which capacity he mount the first performance of “The Dybbuk,” a three act opera by David Tamkin. (As reported by Allan Kozinn)

    2003: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interesting including And the Dead Shall Rise:  The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frankby Steve Oney and Gellhorn: A Twentieth-Century Lifeby Caroline Moorehead.

    2004: Jewish Community Relations Council of San Francisco celebrates its 60thanniversary.

    2004:Israel's parliament approved Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's plan for withdrawing from the Gaza Strip and parts of the West Bank.

    2005(23rd of Tishrei, 5766): Simchat Torah

    2005: Jerry Reinsdorf’s Chicago White Sox win the World Series replacing Theo Epstein’s Red Sox at the top of the major league heap.

    2005: Avram Grant announced his resignation as the coach of Israel’s national football team.

    2005(23rd of Tishrei, 5766): A suicide bomber who had been relased from an Israeli prison a month ago, struck in Hadera wounding 55 and killing five -- Michael Koifman, 68, of Hadera; Perahiya Makhlouf, 53, of Hadera;; Sabiha Nissim, 66, of moshav Ahituv; Jamil Mohammed Ka'adan, 48, of Baqa al-Gharbiyye; Ya'akov Rahmani, 68, of Hadera; Genia Poleis, 66, of Hadera and Larissa Grishchenko, 39, of Hadera

    2006: A concert entitled “The Yiddish Voice of Love: Songs of Beyle Shaechnter-Gottesmanon ” is presented at the 92ndStreet Y in New York City.  “Schaechter-Gottesman is known as one America’s premier Yiddish poets and her work has been a source of inspiration for many Yiddish musicians.  A native of Vienna, raised in pre-war Romania, Schaechter-Gottesman won the National Heritage Fellowship in 2005.

    2007: The New York Times featured a review of World War IV: The Long Struggle against Islamofasacism by Norman Podhoretz.

    2007: In the evening, five kassam rockets fired by the Islamic Jihad from the Gaza Strip landed in open fields south of Ashkelon and near Sderot.

    2007: “Before the Devil Knowns You’re Dead” the last film directed by Sidney Lumet was released in the United States today.

    2008:Rutgers University presents a lecture on the psychological effects of terrorism on Israelis entitled "Does the War End When the Shooting Stops?" by Zahava Solomon, director of the Adler Research Center for Child Welfare & Protection at Tel Aviv University.

    2008: The Center for Jewish History presents Jewish Youth and Cultural Change:
    A Conference on Rethinking American Jewish History:
    This conference brings together historians, anthropologists, and scholars of culture in order to reflect on the ways in which young Jews experienced their lives as Jews and Americans over the past two centuries, and how communal and cultural change were reflected in anxieties about Jewish youth.

    2008: The Washington Postfeatures reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interesting including My Father’s Paradise:A Son's Search for His Jewish Past in Kurdish Iraqby Ariel Sabar,Hitler’s Private Library: The Books That Shaped His Life by Timothy W. Ryback, and the paperback edition of Janet Malcolm's dual biography of Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas, entitled Two Liveswhich is "a meditation on literature and morality, built around the disquieting fact that Stein and Toklas, both Jewish, remained in Europe throughout World War II without either hiding or being swept up in the Holocaust."

    2008:Kadima leader Tzipi Livni announced that her efforts to build a coalition government were unsuccessful, and recommended that early general elections be held.

    2009: The Center for Jewish History and The Center for Traditional Music and Dance present “Celebrating a Lifetime in Yiddish Song,”  conversation and performance featuring Beyle Schaechter-Gottesman, America's leading Yiddish poet and songwriter, who will be joined by her son Itzik Gottesman, Associate Editor of the Yiddish Forward. In 2006, Beyle Schaechter-Gottesman was awarded the prestigious N.E.A. National Heritage Fellowship, our nation's highest honor in the traditional arts.

    2009:Steven D. Levitt (a professor of economics at the University of Chicago) and Stephen J. Dubner (a former writer and editor at the New York Times Magazine) discuss their new book, "SuperFreakonomics: Global Cooling, Patriotic Prostitutes, and Why Suicide Bombers Should Buy Life Insurance," in a program at The Washington Post Conference Center.

    2009: At The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival Melvin Urofsky discusses "Louis D. Brandeis: A Life," his biography of the Supreme Court Justice (which is the annual Bernard Wexler Lecture on Jewish History)

    2009: An activist in Jerusalem's ultra-Orthodox Eda Haredit community was conditionally released from prison today, a day after his arrest for allegedly spraying an ultra-Orthodox woman with tear gas in the capital's Mea She'arim neighborhood. Yoel Kraus was arrested after the woman filed a police complaint.

    2010: According to Sally Kohn “3 things Progressive and Tea Partiers can agree on are “ensuring clean elections,” “ending bailouts and subsidies for Big Business” and the abolition of “Corporate parenthood.”

    2010: George Soros donated $1 million, the largest donation in the campaign, to the Drug Policy Alliance to fund Proposition 19 that would have legalized marijuana in the state of California if it had passed

    2010:Sam Brylawski is scheduled to deliver a lecture styled Emile Berliner: Inventor of the Gramophone, Part II that is a follow up to an earlier lecture on the life of Jewish-German immigrant Emile Berliner who “emigrated as a young man from Hannover to Washington in 1870 and became famous internationally for his many inventions and business acumen.”

    2010: The Historic 6th& I Synagogue is scheduled to host Challah & Chutney: An Indian Jewish cooking class where Shulie Madnick, an Indian Jewish food blogger, provides lessons in how to prepare a vegetarian Indian meal, traditional to the Jewish community of India.

    2010: The annual trade show of the kosher food industry opened today at the Meadowlands Exposition Center in Secaucus, N.J. More than 6,000 visitors are expected at the two-day gathering, according to organizers. This year’s focus is on the kosher foods of Canada. The winners in 18 categories of new kosher food products reflect growing trends in kosher food, including general health and wellness, reduced fat, soy replacements, natural, gluten-free, spelt and organic. An Australian natural foods producer won best new product at this year’s Kosherfest. The 2010 Best in Show prize went to Mountain Bread Wraps, a gourmet food product that is distributed by No Worries Natural Foods of Fremantle, Wash. There are eight varieties of Mountain Bread, which are soft flatbreads that roll up. Along with best overall product, No Worries Natural Foods took home the prize for best baked good, bread, grain or cereal. The Best in Show runner-up was Lily Bloom’s Kitchen of Shoreview, Mont., honored for its chocolate macaroons.

    2011: A program featuring a discussion “Odessa: Genius and Death in a City of Dreams” by Charles Kings is scheduled to take place at the Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival in Washington, D.C.

    2011: Rabbi Nissan Antine, the Associate Rabbi and Director of Education at Beth Sholom Congregation, is scheduled to lead a class entitled Responsa of the Holocaust at the JCC of Greater Washington.

    2011: The International Conference on the Life and Work of Israeli author Aharon Applefeld is scheduled to open at the University of Pennsylvania.

    2011: Former Shin Bet security service director Yuval Diskin defended Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas today, saying that Abbas is against terrorism..

    2011: In excerpts of an interview released today from an upcoming interview on Sixty Minutes,the wife of the financial swindler Bernard Madoff claims that the couple attempted suicide by taking pills on Christmas Eve 2008 after his estimated $65 billion Ponzi scheme was exposed.  The attempt, which she described as “impulsive” left her “glad” that “we woke up.” 

    2011:Three Grad rocket were fired from the Gaza Strip at the Ashdod and Bnei Aish areas shortly before midnight today. 

    2012(10thof Cheshvan, 5773): Fifty-one year old television producer and comedy writer Alan Kirschenbaum passed away today.

    2012(10thof Cheshvan, 5773): Eight year old Arnold Greenberg, the founder of Snapple passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    2012: Israeli Cellist Elad Kabilio is schedule to lead the musical accompaniment to tonight’s performance of the Ballet Next Ensemble at the Joyce Theatre.

    2012: “The Other Son” a film about “two young men–one Israeli, the other Palestinian–who discover they were accidentally switched at birth and the complex repercussions facing them and their respective families” is scheduled to appear for the first time in selected theatres in the United States.

    2012:The British government opposed the establishment of the Nuremberg war crimes tribunals at the end of the Second World War because it wanted selected Nazi leaders to be summarily executed and others to be imprisoned without trial, according to a contemporary account that was declassified today.

    2012:Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s tie-up with far-right coalition partner Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman could backfire by eroding their lead ahead of Israel’s Jan. 22 ballot, a poll said today. Read more:

    2012: “Orchestra of Exiles,” a documentary that tells the tale of Bronislaw Huberman’s effort to create what became the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra opened today in New York.

    2012: Sonja Spear is scheduled to give a talk about Halloween in America after the Shabbat Dinner being held at the University of Iowa Hillel House in Iowa City, Iowa.

    2013: “Channel 2 (Reshet)” released the first episode of “The X Factor Israel.”

    2013: Beginning of Jewish Book Month 2013 sponsored by the Jewish Book Council

    2013: Sidney A. Katz closed Wolfson’s Department Store on East Diamond Avenue in Gaithersburg, MD which had been started in 1918 by is grandparents Jacob and Rose Wolfson.

    2013: Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host “A Bit of Bling.”

    2013: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host a performance of “Don Giovanni” featuring Israel Wind Soloists:
    Oboes: Amir Bakman, Josue Cordero
    Clarinets: Danny Erdman, Daniel Gurfinkel
    Bassoons: Mauricio Paez, Kristijonas Grigas
    Contrabassoon: Isaac Ramon Leyva
    Horns: Adrian Solis, Edo Hayek

    2013: Australian police charged three people today over an anti-Semitic attack on five people in Bondi Beach, Sydney. The five Jews who were taken to St. Vincent’s Hospital included four men aged 27, 39, 49 and 66 wearing yarmulkes and a 62-year-old woman.

    2013:Eight Israeli citizens and a Palestinian girl sustained moderate injuries when stones were hurled at the direction of vehicles traveling in south Mount Hebron (As reported by Itmar Fleishman)

    2014: Aaron David Miller, the vice-president of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars os scheduled to be the keynote speaker at the annual Jewish Endowment Fund Brunch at the Hilton Hotel Riverside where Dr. Edward Soll and his wife Karne will be honred with the presentation of the Tzedakah award.  (As reported by the Crescent City Jewish News – the source for everything in the land of the Kosher Cajuns)

    2014: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including  Pay Any Price: Greed, Power and Endless War by James Risen, who has been friends with Yossi Klein Halevi “since they both crashed the Nazi Party headquarters in Chicago as student reporters 30 years ago” and recently released paperback editions of You Should of Known by Jean Hanff Korelitz and Drama High: The Incredible True Story of a Brilliant Teacher, a Struggling Town and the Magic of Theatre by Michael Sokolove.

    2014: “Dylan Thomas in America: A Centennial Exhibition” is scheduled to open at the 92nd Street Y.

    2014:In Indianapolis, Lauren and Adam Cantor are scheduled to sing camp songs and share their memories of being song leaders at Goldman Union Camp Institute  at the annual meeting of the Indiana Jewish Historical Society

    2014: Amid on-going terrorist inspired violence that has shut down parts of the Jerusalem Light Rail, the funeral of the Hamas terrorist who murdered a three month old baby and injured numerous others who were waiting to board the light rail is scheduled to be buried today.  (Editor’s note – So far there has been no condemnation of the murder of an infant by the UN)

    2014: “Life in Stills” and “The Hangman” are scheduled to be shown on the first day of the Israeli Film Festival sponsored by the Tulane University Jewish Studies Department under the leadership of Dr. Brian Horowitz.

    2014: "The Wartime Escape: Margret and H.A. Rey's Journey from France" an exhibition that unveils the history behind the children's character, Curious George whose creators The Jewish couple, Margret and H.A. Rey fled Paris on bicycles in 1940 to escape the Nazi invasion and eventually made their way to the United States with their manuscripts and illustrations for the book, "The Adventures of Fifi," which was retitled "The Adventures of Curious George" is scheduled to come to an at the Argenta Branch of the North Little Rock Public Library.

    2014: At two o’clock this morning, Israelis change their clocks back to standard time.

    2014: In what would appear to be a check of its “lethal arsenal” Hamas has for the eighth since the end of Operation Protective Edge fired rockets into the Mediterranean Sea. (As reported by Cynthia Blank)

    2014: “The Arab population in Israel is part and parcel of the Jewish state and will always be a fundamental component of Israeli society, President Reuven Rivlin said today at a memorial ceremony to mark the 58th anniversary of the Kfar Kassem massacre, during which Israeli border police shot to death 49 Arab Israelis, among them several women and many children.”

    2014(2nd of Cheshvan, 5775): Twenty-two year old Yemima Muskara became the second victim of Wednesday’s terrorist attach when she died of wounds suffered when a Hamas acolyte struck nine people with his car outside the Ammunition Hill Light Rail stop. (As reported by Gil Ronen)

    2015(12th of Cheshvan, 5776): Seventy-eight year old physicist Leo P. Kadanoff passed away today in Chicago.  (As reported by Kenneth Chang)

    2015: “The Pesach Tikvah social agency in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, hosted a reunion for three of the Ewschwege survivors – Sari Gruenzweig, Esther Epstein and Lea Singer – and Alan Golub the American pilot who in April of 1945 forced a German shop keeper to give him the cloth so that these women could have dresses. For more see

    2015: The 15th Annual National Conference is scheduled to come to an end today in Chicago.

    2015: A memorial service was held today at St. Paul’s Chapel honoring the late Joseph F. Traub, founder of the Computer Science Department at Columbia University.

    2015: The 92nd Street Y is scheduled to host Jennifer Koh & Shai Wosner is the first of the Bridge to Beethoven concert series.

    2015: The Tulane University Jewish Studies Department is scheduled to host Stephen Russell who will lecture on “A Geography of Royal Power in the Biblical World.”

    2015: The Israeli Film Festival is scheduled to open at Tulane University with screenings of “Life in Stills” and “The Hangman.”

    2015: Twenty-first anniversary of the Peace Treaty between Jordan and Israel.

    2016: In Coralville, IA, Jeannette Gabriel from the Iowa Women’s Archives is scheduled to evaluate family “treasures” as part of the Agudas Achim Centennial celebration.

    2016: “A rare, ancient papyrus dating to the First Temple Period” which “has been found to bear the oldest known mention of Jerusalem in Hebrew” “was formally unveiled by the Israel Antiquities Authority” today.

    2016: Today “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recalled Israel’s ambassador to UNESCO in protest of two recent resolutions by the UN cultural body that ignored Jewish and Christian historical ties to Jerusalem holy sites.”

    2016: In Atlanta, the Breman Museum is scheduled to host a tour of Jewish Grounds at the Oakland Cemetery

    2016: The Leo Baeck Institute and the Center for Jewish History are scheduled to host a lecture by David Biale the Emanuel Ringelblum Distinguished Professor of Jewish History at the University of California at Davis that examines the life and times of Gershom Sholem entitled “Sholem In Love: Affective Ties of a Jewish Historian.”

    2016: Tahneer Oksman and New Yorker contributor Liana Finck are scheduled to discuss Oksman’s new book How Come Boys Get to Keep Their Noses: Women and Jewish American Identity in Contemporary Graphic Memoirs, drawing connections between graphic storytelling and the unstable postmodern Jewish self in an event sponsored by the American Jewish Historical Society.

    2016: In Paris, UNESCO”s World Heritage Committee is scheduled to vote on a resolution condemning “Israeli violations in Jerusalem’s Old City” that effectively denies the historic connection of Judaism and the Jewish people to Jerusalem and therefore also undermines the entire story of Jesus as presented in the Gospels. 

    2017: ““Challah in the CLE,” an event where more than 1,500 local women and girls came together to make challah and take part in other festivities, returned to the east side of Cleveland today as the kickoff event of “a larger weekend-long series of events that are part of the Shabbos Project Cleveland – the local chapter of an international, grassroots Jewish identity movement to unite Jews around the world for a full Shabbat.

    2017: In New Orleans, the Uptown JCC is scheduled to host a screening of “The Butler.”

    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host a fun evening of Challah baking and Mezuzah decorating.

    2017: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to host a celebration of Deccan Heritage Foundation's new publication; Jewish Heritage of the Deccan; Mumbai, The Northern Konan, Pune co-authored by Kenneth X. Robbins and Pushkar Sohoni with photographs by Surendra Kumar.

    2017: Samuel Nortich is scheduled to moderate a discussion “The Pew Jew Study: American and German-Jewry In Comparison” in which Steven Cohen and Robin Judd compare and contrast the “situations of German Jews a century ago and American Jews today.”

    2017: Yeshiva University Museum, the Center for Jewish History and the American Sephardi Federation are scheduled to present Giuseppe Veltri discussing “The Temple in Renaissance Imagination.”

    2017: Gili Cohen, “an Israeli judoka who won a gold medal” today “at the Abu Dhabi Grand Slam judo tournament…had to his sing his own private ‘Hatikvah’ because the organized refused to play the Israeli national anthem.”

    2018: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host Kabbalat Shabbat services following by a dinner as part of the “Oxford 3rdWeek Bring a Friend Shabbat.”

    2018: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host the “Ensemble Phoenix on early instruments program” where performers us “period instruments.”

    2018: The Jerusalem Theatre Piano Festival Is scheduled to host a “Kabbalat Shabbat – Salute to Yankeleh Rotblit.”






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    OCTOBER 27

    312:  Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross which will join the Sword of Constantine to the Cross of Christ in the governing of the Roman Empire, much to the detriment of the Jews for centuries to come.

    710: Islamic forces, variously described as Saracens, Berbers or Moors, raided Sardinia which is under the nominal control of the Byzantine (Christian) Empire. This is just one more in a series of raids that began in the first decade of the eighth century.  Jews had been living on the island from the days of the Emperor Tiberius when 4,000 of them were banished from Rome.  While information about the Jews living on Sardinia during this period is sketchy there were numerous Jewish communities including one at Cagliari, the capital of Sardinia. Toward the end of the sixth century, a converted Jew named Peter placed images of saints in the synagogue in Cagliari on Easter Monday. The Jews lodged a complaint with Pope Gregory the Great, who ordered Bishop Januarius of Cagliari to have the images at once removed. We also know that the Jews must have survived whatever damage was done to the island by marauding Moors because there is a record of the synagogue in Cagliari having been destroyed by a fire at the end of the 8th century.

    1156:Birthdate of Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse and Marquis of Provence.  He was considered to be so sympathetic to the Jews that Pope Innocent III caused him to take an oath "that he would deprive the Jews of their offices and that he would never appoint any Jews or in any way favor them. 

    1275: Founding of the modern city of Amsterdam.  While there are reports of Jews living in the Low Countries an area that would have included the Netherlands, going back to Roman times, the Jewish community of Amsterdam dates from the 16th century when Marranos and Sephardim found there way to the Protestant city.

    1430: Vytautas the Great, Grand Prince of Lithuania, passed away. According to some Jewish historians, the reign of Vytautas the Great was the golden age for Jews of Lithuania-Poland.

    1466:  Birthdate of Dutch humanist and theologian Desiderius Erasmus.  While Erasmus may be revered by the world at large, he gets mixed notices from Jewish sources.  On the one hand he spoke up for Jews when he said, “If it is Christian to hate the Jews, all of us are only too good Christians.” At the same time he was above a little Jew-bashing when wrote, “Jews are very numerous in Italy; in Spainthere are hardly Christians.  I am aft raid that when the occasion arise, that pest formerly suppressed, will raise its head again.”

    1495: Coronation of Manuel I, the king of Portugal who “at the outset of his reign released all of the Jews who had been made captive during the reign of John II” but who changed his policy towards the Jews and agreed to persecute and expel them as the price for being able to marry Infanta Isabella of Aragon the daughter of the Spanish monarchs who had expelled the Jews from their realm.

    1682: Founding of the city of Philadelphia by William Penn.  The city’s name means “brotherly love.” Twenty-six years before William Penn, the Quaker leader who founded Philadelphia set foot in the New World in 1682, a few Jews were trading with the Native Americans along the South River, later known as the Delaware River. After the British took New York, merchants from the former Dutch city, included Jewish merchants, saw opportunity in Philadelphia.  One of them was the New York-born son of Moses Levy, established merchant, active in the Jewish community of New York. In 1737, Nathan Levy settled permanently in Philadelphiawhere he built a business of his own. He and his cousin, David Franks, formed the first important Jewish company there, Levy and Franks, importers and merchants. In the 1740’s Levy would be the leader of the group that formed MikvehIsraelCemetery.  MikvehIsraelCemeterywould lead to the formation of the first Jewish congregation in Philadelphia, Mikveh Israel. 

    1708: The community of Metz entered into contract with Abraham ben Saul Broda for him to serve as the community’s rabbi.

    1752: Isaac ben Issachar of Einhorn who had passed away on Shabbat was buried today at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.

    1753(29thof Tishrei, 5514): Abraham Oppenheimer, who had been born in 1740, passed away today in Vienna.

    1765: The last public Auto da Fe was held in Portugal.

    1786: Birthdate of Frédéric Cerfberr, the native of Strasburg whom Napoleon appointed secretary of the imperial commissariat in the Ionian Islands and who served as the French consul during the post-Napoleonic period in several places including New York, New Orleans and Hatti.

    1779: During the American Revolution, Solomon Bush, whose father Matthias had been one of the signers of the non-importation agreement in 1765, was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel today.

    1786: Birthdate of Frédéric Cerfberr, the native of Strasburg, the French diplomat who served as consul in New York, New Orleans and Haiti where his daughter was killed in an earthquake and he suffered what would prove to be fatal injuries.

    1807:Ephriam Mosely, the father of Francis, Moses and Rosetta Mosely, was buried today in the UK.

    1820: In Alsace, France, Charlotte Aron, the daughter of Asser Lion and Gitlé Loëw and Alexandre Aron gave birth to Henri Alexandre Aron.

    1825(15thof Cheshvan, 5586): Sixty-six year old Jacob (Jehuda) Herz Beer, the son of Naphtali (Herz) Beer and Jente Enoch Beer, husband of Amalie Beer and the father of composer of Giacomo Meyerbeer passed away today in Berlin.

    1827: Birthdate of Levi Goldenberger, the native of Germany who came to the United States where he became a successful lace importer.

    1827: AtBučovice, near Brno, South Moravia Julia and Leopold "Löbl Jünger" Strakosch gave birth to Anna Strakosch

    1839: Birthdate of Karolin native “Yitzchak Yaakov Reines (Isaac Jacob Reines) the Orthodox rabbi whose belief in Zionism led him to found the Mizrachi Religious Zionist Movement and who was the father of Jewish author Moses Reines, the native of Lida who pre-deceased his father.

    1840, Sultan Abdulmecid issued his famous ferman concerning the "Blood Libel Accusation" saying: "... and for the love we bear to our subjects, we cannot permit the Jewish nation, whose innocence for the crime alleged against them is evident, to be worried and tormented as a consequence of accusations which have not the least foundation in truth...". (from Jews in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey)

    1844: Ferdinand Eberstadt of Worms/Mannheim and his wife Sara Seligmann gave birth to Elizabeth Eberstadt, the sister of architect Rudolph Eberstadat and the second wife of Sir George Henry Lewis.

    1848: Königsberg native, Johann Jacoby, a doctor by training who became active in the political upheavals of the 1840s called for ‘the rescue of the Viennese revolution” when the “counter-parliament convened in Berlin” today.

    1858: RH Macy & Co opened its first store on Sixth Avenue in New York City. Gross receipts for the day totaled $1106.  The Straus family, which had been leasing space in Macy's to operate a chinaware department, the store's most profitable section, acquired the Macy’s in 1896 and turned it into one of the country’s leading department stores.  One sign of the change came in when they relocated the store to its Herald square location at 34th Street and Broadway in

    1858: Birthdate of Theodore Roosevelt 26th President of the United States.  In 1903, Roosevelt moved boldly to confront the Czar over the massacre of the Jews at Kishinev.  Roosevelt’s intervention on behalf the Jews was unusual and won him and the Republican Party a great deal of support in years to come. Theodore Rooseveltwas the first President to appoint a Jew to a presidential cabinet. In 1906 he named Oscar S. Straus Secretary of Commerce and Labor. Theodore Roosevelt was also the first President to contribute his own funds to a Jewish cause. In 1919, when he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts while President to settle the Russo-Japanese War, Roosevelt donated some of his prize money to the National Jewish Welfare Board.

    1859: Sir Saul Samuel begins serving the first of two terms as Treasurer of New South Wales.

    1861: In Cincinnati, Ohio, Julius and Bertha Levy Ochs gave birth George Ochs who gained fame as George Washington Ochs-Oaks a member of the Ochs family of New York Times whose varied career included serving as newspaper reporter, a member of the New York National Guard during WW I and mayor of Chattanooga, TN who died one day before his seventieth birthday.

    1862: Emanuel Moyer, who would reach the rank of Sergeant before being killed in fighting at White House, VA, began his services in Company H of the 155thRegiment.

    1862: In a report published today the New York Times special correspondent covering the Army of the Potomac described troop movements in and around Culpepper and Warrenton, VA as well as the disposition of Rebel troops in Richmond.  The report is based on an interview that he had with a man whom he described as “a Jew” who has resided in the South for several years, “so that his statement are not considered the most reliable.”  This Jew claimed that the reason he had taken refuge within the lines of the Union Army was to escape the rebellion.

    1864: Philadelphian Theodore Jacobs began serving as Assistant Surgeon with the 187thRegiment in the Union Army.

    1865: Four days after he had passed away, Edward Crawcour, the son of “Isaac and Simha” Crawcour and the husband of the former Margaret Buchanan with whom he had two children – John and Helen – was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1866: Sir George Jessel, Solicitor-General and Master of the Rolls and Amelia Moses gave birth to Herbert Jessel, British soldier and Member of Parliament.

    1872: “A Startling Novelty” published today traces the history of embalming.  Based on Genesis, “And Joseph commanded his servants, the physicians to embalm his father; and the physicians embalmed Israel” and “So Joseph died, and being an hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.”  While the Israelites learned about embalming from the Egyptians, the latter used a much more elaborate process and “the embalmers were regarded as…sacred persons.”

    1875: “Hebrews of New York” published today praised the record “which Jacob Hess has made for himself in one session of the Assembly” as “one of which any patriot may be proud.”

    1878: It was reported today that the Hebrew Benevolent Society is among those organizations in New Orleans that is continuing to provide aid to those suffering during the region’s Yellow Fever Epidemic.

    1878: Birthdate of Murray Seasongood, future Mayor of Cincinnati and Harvard law school professor.

    1879: “Bull-Dozing In Mississippi” published today described a political meeting held at Bolivar Landing, in Bolivar Country, MS, where a resolution was allegedly passed denouncing Edward Storm as “a dishonest Jew, the servile tool of the slave-owner before the war, and the convenient and abandoned ally of the corrupt carpet bagger” since the end of the Civil War. (Since no record can be found of a Jew by this name, one has to wonder if labeling him as a “Jew” was an attempt to smear him by his political opponents who had already identified him with the aristocracy, carpetbaggers and Republicans)

    1880: Henry Abbey and Louis de Bebian were among those who greeted the famous Jewish actress Sara Bernhardt when she arrived off the coast of the United States aboard the SS Amerique.

    1880:“Jewish Longevity” published today reported that the Jews “have become the admired and beloved of the life insurance companies…The reason is that the Christians, after paying one or two premiums, has an unpleasant way of dying…The insured Jew…pays his premium year after year and thus becomes a constant source of income.”  There is a great deal of speculation as to why this is true. According to the author, it may be tied to the business practices of Jews which tend to be less speculative than those of Christians.  This enables the Jew to sleep soundly at night while his Christian counterpart tosses and turns. Diet is another reason.  Jews eat and drink in moderation as compared to their Christian counterparts and do not eat pork. Finally, Jews marry other Jews which preserves “the purity of their blood.”

    1881: A woman who claimed to be  Mrs. Amelia Goldberg, an English Jew and her 11 year old child were found wandering the streets of New York dressed in rags today which led to them being taken into custody and “being committed to the care of the Commissioners of Charities and Correction.

    1882: Julian Adolf Cannot, the infant son of Kitie (Rebecca) and Emile Henri Cannot was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1882: “Mordecai Lyons” published today reviewed Edward Harrigan’s new play which features “a Jew who, when he finds that his daughter has been betrayed” tries to avenge her. While the reviewer found the play disappointing he felt that Mr. Harrigan “was artistically effective as the Jew, Mordecai, though rather uncertain at the important situations.

    1884: “A service was held at Ramsgate to-day in honor of Sir Moses Montefiore. Chief Rabbi Adler read a special prayer. Sir Moses insisted upon standing through the entire service, at the conclusion of which he said in a very strong voice: "I cannot tell a thousandth or a ten thousandth part of what I feel when by the blessing of the almighty I have arrived at so full an age.” A reception followed the service.  On this day alone, Montefiore received more than 800 letters and 600 telegrams from a whole host of well-wishers, Jew and Gentile alike.

    1884: “A Life Spent In Charity” published today described the various services held to honor Sir Moses Montefiore on his 100th birthday. Henry Ward Beecher, the leading Protestant minister of his time, described him as being “the distinguished citizen of the world” who “by his long life and by his splendid services in the way of humanity, has become himself a text that involves in it the truths both of the Old and the New Testament.”

    1885: It was reported today “Miss Rebecca Rosenthal, a Baxter Street Blond” joined hands with Patrick Divver, the candidate for Ward 6 Alderman, to lead the opening march at the Patrick Divver Hebrew Association’s annual ball.  Jewish political leader Coroner Levy addressed the attendees and urged them to vote for Divver.

    1886: Reports published today described the view of S.S. (Samuel Sullivan) Cox, the U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, on the condition of Jewish communities overseas including the fact that “he had been as favorably impressed by the Hebrews of Turkey as by those of Western Europe and America.”

    1886: Three days after she had passed away, Rebecca (nee Mocatta) Montefiore, the daughter of Daniel Mocatta and the former Nancy Goldsmid and the husband of Joseph Barrow Montefiore with whom she had thirteen children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1888: Heinrich Graetz, the author of the multi-volume History of the Jews“was appointed an honorary member of the Spanish Academy, to which, as a token of his gratitude, he dedicated the third edition of the eighth volume of his history.”

    1889: “A Patriarchal Scribe” published today described the work of an aged Hebrew working in the corner of a grocery store on Division Street in New York’s lower east side.  For a small fee he wrote letters in Hebrew to be sent back to families in Europe while demonstrating the skill to complete the information on the envelope so that the epistle would arrive at its proper destination.

    1889: It was reported today that while on their way back from raiding the offices of the Louisiana Lotter, police in Boston had arrested “Barnett Gompertz, the little English Jew eyeglass peddler who has had a stand at the head of Williams Court, otherwise known as Pie Alley, for over twenty years.”

    1889: “Christians Made Jewess” published today described the process by which a young English woman converted to Judaism before she was married at the West London Synagogue on Upper Berkeley Street.

    1889: In Vienna, Josef Schoenstein, the son of Moritz Schoenstein married Perla Pauline Mose, the daughter of Josef Mose.

    1891: Birthdate of Paul Grüninger the police commander in Canton of St. Gallen in Switzerland who saved 3,601 from the Nazis following the Anschluss in 1938.

    1891: It was reported today that the government of Turkey has prohibited the immigration of Jewish families of any nationality meaning that they cannot settle in Palestine. But individual Jews are allowed to pass through the empire.

    1893: Riga born Socialist Party leader Julius Gerber “applied for and was granted USA citizenship on today in Kings County, Brooklyn, New York.”

    1893: Alice Emily Henriques, the daughter of Philip Joseph Gutteres Henriques and the former Beatrice Rachel Faudel-Phillips was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1894: At Temple Emanu-El in New York, Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a sermon related to the upcoming election in which he used the life of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes to deliver an apolitical lesson on civic responsibility.

    1895:Austrian Prime Minister Badeni revives the "Presse", forerunner and now out-lived rival of the "Neue Freie Press." Herzl is offered the editorship of the "Presse". After some days of negotiations with Moritz Benedikt, Herzl refuses the offer.

    1896(20thof Cheshvan, 5657): Less than a month before his 62nd birthday, Isaac Bamberger, the rabbi at the reform congregation in Königsberg passed away today.

    1896: Birthdate of Cardiff native Isaac E. Feinstein, who in 1903 came to the United States where he graduated from Temple University in Philadelphia and who as “president of both the local and state nursing convalescent homes” promised in 1953 full cooperating “in preventing overcrowding and fire hazards” in these facilities.

    1896: Birthdate of New York native Herbert Raubenheimer, the first basketball coach and athletic director at Long Island Univeristy.

    1897(1stof Cheshvan, 5658): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    1897: In Cheshire, Mr. and Mrs. Louis S. Breslauer gave birth to a son.

    1898: In Tangier, Rachel Hélène Cazès gave birth to Rachel Hélène Cazès who gained fame as Hélène Cazès-Benatar, “Morocco’s first woman lawyer” organizer of relief efforts for North African Jews during WW II who “after the war helped Jewish refugees move to Israel.”

    1898: Philip S. Golderman served his last day as Color Sergeant of the 203rdNew York Infantry.

    1902:Herzl arrives in Viennahaving finished his trip to London.

    1903: Herzl travels to Edlach, Austria.

    1904: Rabbi Rubin officiated at the marriage of Joseph Baron and Annie Pinosky in South Carolina today.

    1904: At seven this evening the general public began riding the first subway in what has become “the largest transit system of its kind” and includes the A Train which travels through the Jewish neighborhoods in Washington Heights, the Village and Crown Heights and “the 1, which passes through Riverdale, Washington Heights and the “one true shtetl” of the Upper West Side. (As reported by Jonathan Paul Katz)

    1905: William T. Jerome, who was running for re-election as New York County District Attorney addressed a crowd of about 3,000 Jews in Beethoven Hall this evening where he made a reference to one of his opponents eating hogs, which some considered prejudicial concerning the dietary laws.

    1906: Mutilated bodies of Jewish women were found in the streets of Arzila, Tangier.

    1908: Two days after she had passed away, “Esther Goldstein, the widow of Abraham Goldstein” was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”

    1908: In Brooklyn, NY, “Russian Jewish immigrants “Chane (nee Weiss) and Joseph Krasner gave birth to Lena Krassner who gained fame as abstract expression painter Lenore “Lee” Krasner, the wife and helpmate in the truest sense of that word, of Jackson Pollock.

    1909(12thof Cheshvan, 5670): Theresa Otterbourg, the older daughter of Raphael Isaac Cohen, the sister of Bertha Lewis, the sister-in-law of David Lewis and wife of Dr. Jonas Salomon Otterbourg who “directed a very successful girls’ school at Marine House in Dover” passed away today.

    1911: Samuel Morris was elected a member of the Town Council in Doncaster, England.

    1911: In Manchester, the Beth Din adopted a resolution “protesting against an amendment proposed by the Board of Deputies to Animals Slaughter Bill.”

    1911: An article datelined Yuzivka, Russia, entitled “More Jews to be Expelled: Will Cuase Much Hardship,” reports that the Governor has signed a proclamation stating that  all Jews in the Province of Ekaterinoslaff are subject to expulsion, with some limited exceptions.

    1912: Erna Reiss and Alfred Döblin, the German born physician and author gave birth to their first son Peter “who was baptized a Protestant.

    1912: In Denver, Colorado, dedication of the “Schoenberg Memorial Hospital Building of National Jewish Hospital Jewish Hospital for Consumptives.

    1912: In New York City Leopold "Leo" Sulzberger and Beatrice Sulzberger gave birth to Cyrus L. Sulzberger, the “husband of Mariana Tatiana Sulzberger” and the New York Times Pulitzer prize winning correspondent and author, the nephew of NYT publisher Arthur Hays Sulzberg, who was known by his initials as C.L. Sulzberger

    1913: In Brooklyn, “pharmacist Louis Silverman” and “homemaker Gussie (Zuckerblatt) Silverman” gave birth to Pearl Silverman who gained fame as Patricia Schiller, the pioneering attorney and wife of fellow attorney Irving Schiller. (As reported by Neil Genzlinger)

    1913: During the first Balkan war, practically the entire Jewish community of Itchip numbering 710 people fled to Salonica to avoid having to face the conquering Bulgarian army. Only 6 men and 2 youths stayed behind. Two of the old men were killed; all the Jewish homes were plundered and demolished. Synagogues were desecrated and burned, as were 24 Jewish stores and homes. 

    1914: Twenty-four year old Louis Weinstein “a British subject from Cape Town, described the events that took him from the coast of South Africa to Brazil and eventually to New York where he “is in the care of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society.”

    1914: As Americans respond to the needs for funds to relieve the suffering of war torn Europe, Jacob Schiff, the Treasurer of the New York branch of the American Red Cross “announced additional subscriptions amounting to $2, 841.”

    1915: In Manchester, England, Neville Jonas Laski and the former “Phina Emily, the eldest daughter of Moses Gaster” gave birth to English author Marghanita Laski, the niece of Harold Laski.”

    1915: Dr. Anthony Maliauskis, a Lithuanian priest who arrived in New York today on the Norwegian steamer Frederik VIII said that the plight of refugees fleeing the fighting on the Russian front which included at least 200,000 Jews “appears to be far worse than anything of the kind that afflicted the people of Belgium.

    1915: Birthdate of Quebec native Herschel Saltzman, who gained famed as Harry Saltzman, the co-producer of the James Bond film series.

    1916: After having been arrested for distributing information about birth control and spending the night in jail Fania Mindell and her two colleagues were released on bail today

    1916: It was reported today that the Adjutant General of the New York National Guard has offered assurances that if the changes recommended by the Governor to the recruiting regulation do not end discrimination against Jews in the recruiting process others “with teeth” will be inserted in the Military Regulations” while the Committee for the Protection of the Good Name of Immigrant Peoples “proposes to see to it that no offending officer shall escape punishment…”

    1916: In his erev Shabbat sermon at Temple Israel in Brooklyn, Rabbi Nathan Kress condemned the resolution adopted by the Episcopal General Convention at St. Louis “urging the conversion of Jews to Chrsitianity.”

    1917: Based on reports from the Petrograd correspondent of the Jewish Daily Forward, it was reported today that “the Central Committee of the All Russian Councils” wants to immediately “organize anti-Pogrom Committees throughout the provinces to combat and suppress the counter revolutionary and anti-Semitic agitation.”

    1917: In London, the Jewish Chroniclepublished a report from its Petrograd correspondent in London describing the mistreatment of the Jews by the Germans in Russia in which he said the German “commandant of a village order the Jews to remove from here streets because he had to pass through those streets on the way to his office and objected to meeting so many Jews”

    1917: Colonel Harry Cutler, of Providence, RI, the Chairman of the Jewish Welfare Board discussed the drive to raise one million dollars which would enable the Board to provide Jewish soldiers with “the same facilities for recreation and religious observance provided for soldiers of other faiths” which was necessitated by the fact that forty percent of the men at Camp Upton were Jews, 16 percent of the men at Camp Meade were Jews and seven percent of the men at Camp Dix were Jews.

    1918: The Citizen’s Union’s analysis of judicial and legislative included the following: “Justice Nathan Ottinger, a Republican, has demonstrated clearly during the period that he has sat on the bench by appointment that he possesses high judicial qualifications which justify his election.”

    1918: German General Erich Ludendorff, the second in command of the German Army who was the brains behind the figurehead Hindenburg, a declared anti-Semite, one of the architects of the “stabbed-in-the-bag” canard and a partner with Hitler in the 1923 attempted putsch, was forced to resign his position today just a couple of weeks before the end of WW I.

    1918: Fifty-one year old Alexander Protopopov who as Russian Minister of the Interior said in 1916 that he believed “in equal rights for Jews” and that this would be part of the move to abolish “everything that hinders further progress” in Russia was executed by the Cheka (Soviet secret police) today.

    1922(5thof Cheshvan, 5683): Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor winner who received the commendation at the Battle of Franklin (TN) passed away today.

    1922: “Marie Antoinette, the Love of a King” “a silent historical drama film directed, produced and written by Rudolf Meinert was released in the Weimar Republic (Germany) today.

    1923: On the upper West Side of Manhattan realtor Milton Lichtenstein and Beatrice Werner Lichtenstein gave birth to Roy Lichtenstein who “did cartoon inspired paintings that helped launch the Pop Art movement. “

    1924: Grigorii Zinoviev, the Jewish born head of the Comintern issued a denial that he authored the so called Zinoviev Letter that stated in part "The letter of 15th September, 1924, which has been attributed to me, is from the first to the last word, a forgery. Let us take the heading. The organization of which I am the president never describes itself officially as the "Executive Committee of the Third Communist International"; the official name is "Executive Committee of the Communist International." Equally incorrect is the signature, "The Chairman of the Presidium." The forger has shown himself to be very stupid in his choice of the date. On the 15th of September, 1924, I was taking a holiday in Kislovodsk, and, therefore, could not have signed any official letter...”  The denial was finally published in the December 1924 issue of The Communist Review, the monthly theoretical magazine of the CPGB, well after the MacDonald government had fallen. Decades later, independent academic research proved that the letter was a forgery.

    1924(29th of Tishrei, 5685): Fifty-six year old Chicago attorney and Sears, Robebuck and Co. executive Albert Henry Loeb “died of a heart attack today less than two months after his son was sentence to life plus ninety-years” for murdering 14 year old Bobby Franks.

    1924: Premiere of “The Story Without A Name,” a silent film melodrama produced by Adolph Zukor and Jesse Lasky.

    1926(19th of Cheshvan, 5687): Seventy-eight year old Harry Bresslau, the father-in-law of Albert Schewitzer and German historian who “believed in the possibility of a complete assimilation of German Jewry through an open affirmation of the ideal of German nationhood” and who played a key role in the founding of the Historical Commission for the History of the Jews in Germany by the Union of German-Jewish Congregations passed away today.

    1927: The USS Scorpion (PY-3) which had been commanded by Adolph Marx the first Jewish graduate of the United States Naval Academy during the Spanish-American War was decommissioned for the last time today.

    1929(23rd of Tishrei, 5690): Simchat Torah

    1929: “Albert Steinfeld, Tucson's Merchant Prince, Arrived Here 57 Years Ago, When City Had Only 1200 Population” published today described the career of one of the leading early citizens of southeast Arizona.

    1933: Arabs protesting Jewish immigration to Palestine clashed with police today resulting in at least twenty deaths and injuries to another 130 of the demonstrators.  Among the dead and wounded were Arabs who had attacked a police station in Haifa where a policeman was stabbed in the back.

    1933(7th of Cheshvan, 5694): Forty-six year old Rabbi Meir Shapiro who made “the proposal of the study of Daf Yomi in 1923 passed away today.

    1935: One hundred and fifty Zionists honored Morris Rothenberg President of the Zionist Organization of America with banquet at New York’s Hotel Astor.  After being introduced by Louis P. Rocker, Rothberg described the progress he had seen on his recent visit to the Palestine but said that “a concerted drive to unite all American Jews in support of the” development of Palestine was necessary for ultimate success.

    1936: Today, the National Conference of Jews and Christians announced “that six honorary vice presidents of the Freethinkers Association had their names to be removed from the roster of the organization because of an appeals to Jews by Joseph Lewis, its president to renounced their ‘antiquated creed’

    1936: “Seven Jewish students were severely injured today by Nationalist in the Warsaw College where a virtual battle was fought between the police and the rioters” who ignored the appeal from the Minister of Education “against the persecution of Jews in the colleges.”

    1936: “The National Conference of Jews and Christians announced” today “ that six honorary vice presidents of the Freethinkers Association had” had “their names removed from the roster of that organization because an appeal to Jews by Joseph Lewis, its president to renounce their ‘antiquated creed.’”

    1936: Due to “a heavy rain” the only demonstration that greeted the 537 Jewish refugees who arrived at Cape Town today aboard the Stuttgart  “consisted of subdued booing from a small knot of Gray Shirts” “a local anti-Semitic organization.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that in DanzigJewish shops and houses were pillaged and windows smashed. This outbreak of violence against the Jews took place almost two years before the outbreak of World War II.  The Nazis did not invent anti-Semitism.  They exploited it and made it as efficient as an assembly line for automobiles.

    1937: As the Arab violence against the Jews continued The Palestine Post reported that a Jew and an Arab constable were killed when some 15 Arab terrorists ambushed a six-truck convoy carrying 21 Jewish laborers from the Palestine Potash concession on the Dead Sea back to Jerusalem. A number of policemen were injured in various shooting incidents, reported throughout the country, and in particular in Safed where the Jewish community was almost under siege.

    1938: Ernst Lubitsch, the German-American movie director and his wife, British actress Vivian Gaye gave birth to their daughter Nicola who survived a 1939 U-Boat attack on the SS Athenia which was taking her to Montreal.

    1938(2nd of Cheshvan, 5699): Fifty four year old Soprano Alma Gluck passed away today in New York

    1938: German authorities began arresting Jews of Polish citizenship living in the Reich and transporting them to the Polish border. Responding to a Polish decree that all passports of Polish residents abroad would be rescinded by the end of October unless a special permit for reentry to Poland was received, the Germans preempted the Polish government by forcibly deporting thousands of Jews across the border into Poland.

    1938: Hitler expelled 18,000 Jews from Germany who were born in the former Polish provinces. The Jews were abused and tortured as they made their way to the border.  The Poles did not want to admit the Jews and for a while many were left to languish on the border.  This was a prelude to the statelessness that would help ensure the death of millions of Jews.

    1938: The Germans began arresting Jews with Polish citizenship who had been living in Germany and began deporting them to Poland. The Polish authorities placed the Jews in the border town of Zbaszyn and forbade them from leaving in the hope that the large number of Jews near the border would pressure the Germans into beginning negotiations to allow them back into Germany. The negotiations ended in January 1939- some Jews had already been taken in by friends and family in Poland, while other deportees were permitted to return to Germany to wind up their affairs, and then return to Poland.  For a photographic record see:

    1938: Sendel Grynszpan described the deportation of the Jews to Poland, “Then they took us in police trucks, in prisoners’ lorries, about 20 men in each truck, and they took us to the railway station. The streets were full of people shouting: "Juden raus! Aus nach Palästina!" ("Out with the Jews! Off to Palestine!")  The Grynszpans and thousands of other Jews were stranded at the border because the Poles refused to admit them.

    1938(2nd of Cheshvan, 5699): Following the massacre of Jews by Arabs in Tiberias on October 2, “Tiberian Arabs murdered the Jewish mayor Isaac Zaki Alahdif” today.

    1939(14th of Cheshvan, 5700): Eighty-one year old the attorney from Erie, PA who was one of the founders of B’nai B’rith and an original member of the American Jewish Committee passed away today.

    1940:  Ritual slaughter is banned in Belgium.  Were the conquering Germans animal lovers or did they realize the importance of the dietary laws in maintaining Jewish identity.

    1941: Jews of Sluzk, 60 miles south of Minsk, Belorussia, are annihilated by Einsatzkommandotroops, half of whom are German, half Lithuanian.

    1941: In the Polish town of Kalisz a large black truck drove up and took on a passenger load of Jews. Escorted by two Gestapo cars, the truck drove away. Its passengers were never heard from again. This was the first of the gas-wagons.  This method of extermination was not efficient and would give way to that ultimate in German efficiency – the gas chamber.

    1941 “A cryptic message from SOE said that it had ‘been decided that the progress” Isidore Newman “has made justifies his selection for work of a very responsible nature abroad” so “kindly take the necessary action and get him post to us” as of the first of November.

    1942: The Nazis sent 3,000 Jews from Opoczno, Polandto Treblinka.  At the start of the war almost half the town of Opocznowas Jewish.  Jews had lived there since the 14th century.  The Jews had lived there continually since the start of the 18th century.At the time of the mass deportation in October 1942, scores of Jews fled to the forests and organized partisan units there. The best known unit, "Lions", under the command of Julian Ajzenman- Kaniewski, conducted a number of successful guerilla actions against Nazi forces and the Opoczno-Konskie railway line. After the war, the Jewish Community of Opoczno was not reconstituted.

    1942: Max Basseches, David Becker, Nils Beck, Adolf Berkowitz, Richard Bernstein, Samuel Bernstein, Seiki Bernstein, Sigmund Bernstein, Herman Bild, Leopold Bild, Philip Moses Bild, Hillel Blatt, Benjamin Bodd, Bernhard Bodd, Isak Bodd, Leiser Bodd, Salomon Bodd, Salomon Bogomolno, Paul Borinsky, Abraham Borochstein, Harry Braude, Isak Braude, Rubin Claes, Fritz Cohn and Franz Daus were among the Norwegian Jews arrested today prior to being sent to Auschwitz.

    1942: Seven thousand Kraków, Poland, Jews are deported to Belzec while another 600 are killed in Kraków.

    1943: Germany announced that any Pole helping Jews to escape should be dealt with “without the necessary delay of court hearings.” The penalty for assisting Jews was death.

    1944: In the parts of Warsaw still under German control the Nazis still search for hidden Jews. Seven would be found and shot.  For those who doubt that the War Against the Jews was of primary consideration for the Germans, remember that they were busy tracking down Jews while the Soviet Army was breathing down their necks. 

    1944(10th of Cheshvan, 5705): Thirty-nine year old Judith Auer, the daughter of writer Erich Vallentin, the wife of Erich Auer and a genuine resistance fighter was hanged at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin for her role in the fight against Hitler.

    1946: In Komárno, Czechoslovakia (now in Slovakia), Klara and Ladislav "Leslie" Reitman who were respectively a survivor of Auschwitz and a member of the underground in WW II, gave birth  to Canadian producer-director Ivan Reitman whose most famous cinematic effort was the hit comedy “Animal House.”

    1947: At Petah Tikva a house belonging to a member of Haganah was blown up, reportedly by members of the Irgun.  Haganah leaders said they will not back down despite warnings by Irgun of a looming civil war between the two Jewish organizations. 

    1947: The quiz show "You Bet Your Life", with Groucho Marx, premiered on ABCradio.  The show would later move to television where a whole new generation would discover the rapier wit, the bushy eyebrows and the smoldering cigar of what some consider a comic genius.

    1948: During Operation Yoav, Israeli forces capture the Egyptian held fort at Bet Guvrin.  The Egyptians had taken the fort when the invaded Israel in May of 1948.

    1948 Israelrecaptured Nizzanim in the Negev. Nizzanim is in southern Israel on the,Mediterranean.  In 1990, the same people who high jacked the Achille Loro planned a terrorist attack on the beaches of Nizzanim.  The attack was foiled.

    1948(24th of Tishrei, 5709): Seventy one year old Rabbi Judah Leon Magnes passed away.

    1950:  Birthdate of Fran Lebowitz, “a Jewish-American author. She is known for her sardonic social commentary on American life as filtered through her New York sensibilities. She has been compared to Dorothy Parker. She was born and raised in Morristown, New Jersey by an observant family. After being expelled from high school, Lebowitz was hired by Andy Warhol as a columnist for Interview. This was followed by a stint at Mademoiselle. Her first book was a collection of essays titled Metropolitan Life, released in 1978, followed by Social Studies in 1981, both of which were collected into The Fran Lebowitz Reader.”

    1952: The Jerusalem Post commented in an editorial that a number of ugly incidents in Nazareth and the arrest of an Arab underground group, undergoing military training in the Majdal Krum area, drew less public attention than it deserved. There were obvious severe shortcomings in the management of the affairs of Arabs living in Israel. The government undertook to build 50,000 concrete dwellings within the next three years in order to accommodate the almost 80,000 families still living in ma’abarot.

    1953: Birthdate of New York native Michael M. Kaiser the Brandeis and MIT graduate who served “as president of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts from 2001 to 2014.

    1954:Associate Justice of the Supreme Court William O. Douglas and Congressman Emanuel Celler spoke to 500 people attending a dinner sponsored by the American Mogen Dovid for Israel where “Morris Morgenstern and S. Ralph Lazrus were honored at the dinner for donating an ambulance to the Red Mogen David, the equivalent of the Red Cross in Israel.” (As reported by JTA)

    1955: A paratroop regiment which “is on a mission to capture the Kuntila Fortress in Sinai, deep in Egyptian territory…kills ten Egyptian soldiers and captures twenty nine” while suffering casualties that included two dead and two wounded.”

    1955: “Rebel Without A Cause” the cult adolescent rebellion film with a screenplay by Stewart Stern and Irving Shulman and music by Leonard Rosenman was released today by Warner Brothers.

    1957(2nd of Cheshvan, 5718): Galicia native and Yiddish author Fishl Verber, the Zionist who made Aliya in 1934 passed away today “in Ramatayim, Israel.”

    1957: Psychologist Dr. Joyce Brothers put her boxing trivia to the test and came away with $64,000.  Dr. Brothers, who was appearing on the game show The $64,000 Challenge, took the top prize, competing against a team of seven boxers on boxing lore. This was her second time winning the program's top prize — two years earlier she had claimed her first victory (when the show was called The $64,000 Question), also on the subject of boxing. Brothers' appearance on The $64,000 Question not only garnered her a substantial prize, but also sparked her career as a talk-show psychologist. After her appearance on Challenge, Brothers was picked to co-host WATV's show, Sports Showcase. In 1958, NBC offered Brothers her own talk show, The Dr. Joyce Brothers Show. The show, which counseled viewers on childrearing, marriage, and sex, was an instant success and soon became syndicated nationally. In 1963, Brothers began writing a monthly column for Good Housekeeping, which remains a feature of the magazine today. She also writes a daily column that is published in more than 350 newspapers, and has written several books, including What Every Woman Should know About Men(1982) and How to Get Whatever You Want Out of Life (1978). Her most personal and popular work was Widow (1990), which described Brothers' emotional journey after the death of her husband in 1989 after thirty-nine years of marriage.

    1958(13thof Cheshvan, 5719): Eighty-four Lithuanian born “professor of Hebrew Literature” and “chief redactor of the Encyclopedia Hebraica” Joseph Gedaliah Klausner, “the great uncle of Amos Oz” whose seminal works were Jesus of Nazareth and From Jesus to Paul passed away today in Jersulaem.


    1959: NBC broadcast “The Secret World of Kids” featuring Ed Wynn in Episode 4 of the Startime television anthology series.

    1964: U.S. premiere of “The Americanization of Emily” a great film that must be seen by everybody directed by Arthur Hiller, with a screenplay by Paddy Chayefsky, co-starring Melvyn Douglas and featuring Steve Franken was released in the United States today.

    1964(21stof Cheshvan, 5725): Sixty-six year old director and producer Rudolph Maté, born Rudolf Mayer in Krakow who began his career as a cinematographer passed away today.

    1964: “Ben Franklin in Paris” a musical with songs by Jerry Herman opened at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre,

    1964: Linda and Malcolm Glazer gave birth to Bryan Glazer, a graduate of American University and Whittier Law School became an executive vice president of the NFL Tampa Bay Buccaneers.

    1966(13thof Cheshvan, 5727):A civilian was wounded by an explosive charge on the railroad tracks to Jerusalem.”

    1967(23rdof Tishrei, 5728): Jews celebrate Simchat Torah in a united Jerusalem

    1967: In London, Susan Davis and David Wolfson, Baron Wolfson of Sunningdale, gave birth to Simon Adam Wolfson, Guise the chief executive of the clothing retailer Next and a Conservative life peer who is the founder of the £250,000 Wolfson Economics Prize.

    1968(5th of Cheshvan, 5729): Lise Meitner, a physicist who played a key role in the discovery of Nuclear Fission passed away at the age of 89.

    1968: In Mexico City, the Summer Olympics, during which the Soviet Union’s Volleyball Team led by Georgy Mondzolevski, came to a close.

    1969(15th of Cheshvan, 5730): Sixty-eight year old British entertainer and broadcaster Albert Eric Maschwitz passed away today.

    1970: ITV broadcast the first episode of “The Lovers” a British sitcom created by Jack Rosenthal who also served as the writer and director.

    1970(27thof Tishrei, 5731): Seventy-two year old Henrietta L. Pitler, the wife of Jacob Albert Pitler, a coach on the 1955 Brooklyn Dodgers World Series champions passed away today after which she was buried at “Temple Israel Riverside Cemetery.”

    1973(1stof Cheshvan 5734): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan and Parashat Noach

    1973: The first season of “Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids” with Lou Scheimer doing the voice of “Dumb Donald” came to an end.

    1973: Cable service which provided telex and telecommunication between Syria and the outside world including Egypt was restored after having been knocked by Israeli frogman on October 18.

    1975: Eight people, including two Israelis, were injured “by a car bomb detonated in front of a hotel in Jerusalem.

    1977(15thof Cheshvan, 5738): Seventy-eight year old Hungarian football (soccer) player and coach who was a member of Hakoah in the 1920’s passed away today.

    1978: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize.

    1979(6thof Cheshvan, 5740): Parashat Noach

    1979(6thof Cheshvan, 5740): Eight-one year old Sir Louis Gluckstein, the son of “Joseph Gluckstein, whose brothers Isidore and Montague had founded J. Lyons and Co., a British coffee house and catering empire” and brother of painter Hannah Gluck who served in both World Wars and served as a Conservative MP passed away today.

    1981: “SOS Children's Village Arad (known as Kfar Neradim) which was built in the southern outskirts of Arad was inaugurated” today.

    1983:Four days after the attack on the Marine Barracks the White House team that visited Beirut, led by Vice President of the United States, George H. W. Bush, asked Rabbi Arnold Resnicoff to write a report on the attack and its aftermath

    1986: In the UK, “the sudden deregulation of financial markets” known as the “Big Bang” which Nigel Lawson, Margaret Thatcher’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, played a key role began today.

    1986: “The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat” “a one-act chamber opera by Michael Nyman…adapted from the case study of the same name by Oliver Sacks” “was first performed today at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London.’

    1986: “Meatballs III” co-starring Al Waxman and featuring Maury Chaykin was released in Canada today.

    1986: In an article published today. Time magazine correspondent provides background on the life of Elie Wiesel as describes the Nobel Laureate’s work on behalf of mankind and the Jewish people including his efforts on behalf of Cambodian refugees, the Miskito Indians in Nicaragua and starving children in Africa. “Last week he exhorted Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev to allow five Soviet Jews, as well as Dissident Physicist Andrei Sakharov, to emigrate, and this week he is traveling to Moscow to help organize a conference on non-Jewish victims of Nazism.”

    1987: Actor Dustin Hoffman and Lisa Gottsegen Hoffman give birth to Alexandra Lydia.

    1988: NBC broadcast the first episode “Cheers” a sitcom created by James Burrows and co-starring Rhea Perlman and Bebe Neuwirth.

    1988(16th of Cheshvan, 5749) Just days before her 93rd birthday, Hadassah and ZOA leader Judith G. Epstein passed away. (As reported by Susan Fox)

    1989: “Worth Winning” a comedy featuring David Brenner and filmed by cinematographer Adam Greenberg was released in the United States today by 20thCentury Fox.

    1992(30th of Tishrei, 5753): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    1992(30th of Tishrei, 5753): David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist passed away.

    1994: Judith R. Shapiro, a widely respected cultural anthropologist who has done pioneering research on gender differences, was inaugurated as president of BarnardCollege.

    1995: Prime Minister Rabin took the courageous step of agreeing “that when the time came for Palestinian elections, election posters could be placed anywhere in East Jerusalem and that the voting in the city would be supervised by the Palestinian Central Election Commission.

    1995: “Leaving Las Vegas” co-starring Richard Lewis was released in the United States today.

    1995: “Mighty Aphrodite” a comedy directed, written and starring Woody Allen, produced by Letty Aronson and featuring Michael Rapaport and Clair Bloom

    1996: The first episode of Season eight of the “The Simpsons” a cartoon sitcom developed by James L. Brooks and Sam Simon was broadcast tonight.

    1996(15th of Cheshvan, 5757): Seventy-four year old comedian Morey Amsterdam passed away (As reported by David Stout)

    1997: “Losses resulting from Victor Niederhoffer’s investment in Thai banks stocks combined with a 554-point (7.2%) single day decline in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (the eighth largest point decline to date in index history), forced Niederhoffer Investments to close its doors.

    1997: “Fair Tale: A True Story” produced by Wendy Finerman and co-starring Harvey Keitel was released today in the United States today.

    1998(7th of Cheshvan, 5759): Eighty year old Morris R. “Moe” Becker the Guard for he Duquesne University Dukes passed away today. (According to Wikipedia he passed away in 1998.  At this point I have not been able to resolve the descrepency)

    1999: “Esther Williams Is All Wet” published today provides a defense of the late Jeff Chandler from accusations that appeared in her autobiography.

    2000: U.S. premiere of “Requiem for a Dream” directed by Darren Aronofsky featuring Ben Shenkma

    2002:The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest including Genius: A Mosaic of One Hundred Exemplary Creative Minds by Harold Bloom.

    2002(3rd of Cheshvan, 5775): Three  Israelis  – 41 year old Tamir Masad, 22 year old Lieutenant Matan Zagron and 32 year old Sgt.Maj. Amihud Hasid -- were killed, and 20 bystanders were wounded in a suicide bombing at a gas station near the settlement of Ariel. The two officers and soldier were killed while trying to prevent the terrorist from detonating the bomb. Hamas and the Al Aksa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

    2004:  The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel's Knesset approved a plan for disengagement from Gaza.  Those citing the Bible for opposing this decision should re-read the text.  From David to David - from King David to David Ben Gurion- Jewish leaders have avoided taking control of Gaza.  Furthermore, the wise King Solomon is reported in the Book of Kings to have given up 23 towns in Israelto Hiram.  And I do not remember any Rabbi threatening to assassinate King Solomon over the issue.

    2004:  Under the executive leadership of Theo Epstein, the Red Sox win the World Championship for the first time since 1918.

    2004: CBS broadcast the first episode of Season Eight of “The King of Queens” a sitcom cost starring Jerry Stiller.

    2005: Citizens of Hadera, a city of 82,000, thirty miles north of Tel Aviv, were still dealing with the effects of yesterday’s terrorist bombing which twisted corrugated tin roofs and shattered windows of grocery stores across the street from Falafel Barzalai, a restaurant popular with Arabs who work in the central market and left the sidewalk carpeted in leaves and branches.

    2006: The Anti-Defamation League posthumously presented to Hiram "Harry" Bingham IV its "Courage to Care" award at the ADL’s national conference in Atlanta. As Vice Consul in Marseille, he helped to save 2,500 Jews from the Nazis as they swept through France at the start of WW II.

    2006: The Jewish Daily Forward reported “that in a startling move, Primo Levi’s 1975 book The Periodic Table, was named ‘best science book ever written’ by the Royal Institution of Great Britain. The book — which unfolds in 21 autobiographical stories, each tied to an element of the periodic table — edged out works by DNA pioneer James Watson and even The Voyage of the Beagle by Charles Darwin. Tim Radford, onetime science editor of the Guardian newspaper, served as the book’s champion in the contest. ‘The science book is the ultimate in nonfiction,” he said. “This book pinions my awareness to the solidity of the world around me.’” A chemist by training, Levi survived the death camps and fought as a partisan.  He passed away in 1987.

    2006: “The Last Virgin”, “a bluntly satirical comedy about Jews and Muslims in the Middle East” is performed for the last time in Frankfurt, Germany.  The play was written by Tuvia Tenenbom and Maria Lowry.  Tenenbom is an Israeli and founder the Jewish Theatre in New York.

    2007:New York’s Erez Safar celebrates the launch of his new website called Shemspeed ( with a gala event in London.

    2007: The Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra performs Broadway show music from Evita, Les Miserables, The Phantom of the Opera, Chicago, Cats, Cabaret and more at the Performing Arts Center in Jerusalem


    2007: An exhibition entitled “The Sculpture of Louise Nevelson: Constructing a Legend” opens at the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco.

    2007(15th of Cheshvan, 5768): Eighty year Leslies Eleazer Orgel” the Salk Institute theoretical chemist who was the father of the RNA world theory of the origin of life and the author of Orgel's Second Rule: "Evolution is cleverer than you are" passed away today.

    2007: The lawyers representing Mariane Pearl, the widow of slain journalist Daniel Pearl, dropped “the lawsuit seeking damages against al-Qaida, a dozen reputed terrorists, and Pakistan's largest bank” citing personal reasons that “should have no bearing on the merits of the lawsuit.”

    2008: In Washington, D.C., opening of the Ethics and War Reading and Discussion Series, an interfaith reading series co-sponsored by Theatre J that deals with questions concerning “ethical behavior” when a nation is at war.

    2008: The winter session of the Knesset opens with President Shimon Peres calling for early elections since Kadima leader Livini cannot form a government.

    2008: Time magazine includes a review of “All My Sons” by Jewish playwright Arthur Miller which is “now getting a starry revival on Broadway.”

    2008: “During a guest appearance on The Daily Show, journalist Campbell Brown and the wife of Daniel Samuel Senor, announced her second pregnancy.”

    2009: At The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival Dara Horn reads from and discusses her novel "All Other Nights" (Jewish spies in the Civil War)

    2009: At Cornell College in Mt. Vernon, Iowa, a screening of Paper Clips in the Rathskeller. Paper Clips is the moving and inspiring documentary that captures how students from Whitwell, Tenn. responded to lessons about the Holocaust—with a promise to honor every lost soul by collecting one paper clip for each individual exterminated by the Nazis. The amazing result: a memorial railcar filled with 11 million paper clips.

    2009:Iran-backed Hezbollah based in southern Lebanon fired a Katyusha rocket into Israel today.  \

    2009:Today, a right-wing comedian was fined 10,000 euros by a French court for "public anti-Semitic insults" after he invited Robert Faurisson, an academic and Holocaust denier, on stage during a comedy show to receive an "award" from an actor dressed as a Jewish deportee. The Paris court told Dieudonne M'bala M'bala, a 43-year-old French stand-up comic, to pay a further 10,000 in damages and legal fees to organizations that sued him, French news agency AFP reported.

    2009:Government prosecutors tried to use witness testimony today to prove a former kosher slaughterhouse manager knew he was employing illegal immigrants at his plant. The testimony was intended to show that the manager, Sholom Rubashkin, lied to a lender bank about his compliance with the law.

    2010:Award winning authorRebecca Newberger Goldstein, a recipient of the MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, is scheduled to deliver  The Gerald L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture  entitled “36 Arguments for the Existence of God: A Work of Fiction” on the closing night of the Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival 


    2010:Comedian Jon Stewart is the most influential man of 2010, according to a poll released today by, an American online magazine.

    2010:The Israel Forum for International Humanitarian Aid (IsraAID) announced on today that it will send a team to Haiti, despite the current cholera outbreak.

    2011: Robert Lipsyte and John Bloom are scheduled to take part in “Telling It Like It Is; Jews, Sports and Writing,” a panel discussion that is part of The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival.

    2011: The New York Review of Books published part one of Saul Bellow’s “A Jewish Writer in America.”

    2011:Dr. Hasia Diner the Paul and Sylvia Steinberg Professor of American Jewish History at New York University, and founder and Director of the Goldstein-Goren Center for American Jewish History is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled “Between History and Memory: Rethinking the American Jewish Past” in Washington, D.C.

    2011: Marvin Kalb and his daughter Deborah Kalb “participated in a webcast of the book Haunting Legacy: Vietnam and the American Presidency from Ford to Obama at the Pritzker Military Library today.

    2011:Ilan Grapel, an American-Israeli citizen jailed in Cairo on suspicion of espionage for over four months, met with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Israel today after he was released (As reported by Barak Ravid and Natasha Mozgovaya)

    2011 The Israel Air Force targeted three centers of terrorist activity in the Gaza Strip and a weapons storage site in the South early this morning, IDF Spokesman's Office said in a statement. The attacks hit their precise targets and all planes returned safely to base.  The activity came in retaliation to one Grad rocket that was fired from the Gaza Strip at Ashdod and Bnei Aish areas shortly before midnight

    2011:As the death toll in the deadly earthquake in eastern Turkey rose today, an Israeli cargo plane landed in Ankara, carrying humanitarian aid that Turkish officials at first had declined to accept. The Israeli plane carried seven prefabricated houses and other supplies, NTV television reported said. The plane was redirected to Ankara because the airport near Van, the hardest-hit area, was too small.

    2011(29th of Tishrei, 5772): Eighty-five year old Allen Mandelbaum, the award winning translator of Dante’s “Divine Comedy” passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)

    2012: “Youth movements and social NGOs are scheduled to gather in Tel Aviv’s Rabin Square  for an alternative ceremony to honor the anniversary of former prime minister Yitzhak Rabin’s assassination” this evening. (As reported by Lahav Harkov

    2012: Israeli cellist Elad Kabilio is scheduled to perform at the Joyce Theatre in NYC.

    2012: The Edent-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to present “Musica Antiqua” featuring Zohar Shefi on the harpsichord and Drora Bruck on the recorder.

    2012: Andras Schiff is scheduled to play Book 1 of “Well-Tempered Clavier” at the 92nd Street Y

    2012(11th of Cheshvan): On the Hebrew calendar, the Yahrzeit of Rachel which is normally observed by pilgrimages to her tomb.  Since the event fell on Shabbat, the observant made their pilgrimages on the 25th.

    2012(11th of Cheshvan, 5773): Ninety-six year old Joseph Hazan whose family traced their roots to the Jewish community of Salonica passed away today.

    2012: Seventeen year-old Naomi Cohen won gold today at the 2012 RS:X Youth World Windsurfing Championships in Taiwan. Several other Israeli participated in today’s competition, with Shahar Tibi finishing fifth, Ofri Givati 10th, Noga Geller 12th and Adi Cohen in 18th place, according to Ynet. (As reported by Yoel Goldman)

    2012: “Israeli immigrant’s joyful art products designed to be worn, used” published today highlights the life and artistic creations of Giora Neta an Israeli living in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

    2012: An American monitoring group said today that satellite images of the aftermath of the explosion on October 24th at a Sudanese weapons factory suggested the site was hit by an airstrike.

    2012: An estimated 20,000 Israelis gathered tonight in Tel Aviv to commemorate the 17th anniversary of former Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin’s assassination at the square where he was killed in 1995, and which was subsequently renamed in his honor.

    2013: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Love and Math: The Heart of Hidden Reality by Edward Frenkel as well as interviews with J.J. Abrams Jill Abramson’s “Kennedy, the Elusive President.”

    2013: Dr. Elliot Lefkovitz is scheduled to moderate a panel discussion among several survivors of the Kindertransport at the Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center.

    2013: Chicago Premiere of “Signs of Life” a musical which is “based on the true story of Terezin” comes to an end.

    2013: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host its Guardain-Benefactor Luncheon featuring Rabbi Arnold Resnicoff who will speak on the commemoration of the 30thanniversary of the Bombing of the Marine Barracks in Beirut.

    2013: In New Orleans, Beth Israel, the Orthodox Synagogue that survived Hurricane Katrina, is scheduled to host its annual fundraiser.

    2013: For the first time in history two Jewish brothers squared off against each in an NFL game today at Arrowhead Stadium when offensive tackle Mitchell Schwartz of the Cleveland Browns played against offensive guard Geoff Schwartz of the Kansas City Chiefs.

    2013: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's cabinet today unanimously approved the appointment of Karnit Flug as the first female governor of the Bank of Israel (As reported by Moti Bossok)

    2013(23rd of Cheshvan, 5774): Eighty-one year old Dr. Leonard Herzenberg who “created a device that can pick out individual cells from a mass of trillions of them and then capture, sort and count them so they can be analyzed and used to fight disease” passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    2013(23rd of Cheshvan, 5774): Seventy-one year old rock and roll innovator and icon Lou Reed passed away today.

    2013: Daylight Saving Time will switch to Standard Time in the early hours of Sunday morning marking Israel's transition to the winter clock.

    2013: Two mortar shells were fired from Gaza into the Eshkol region in the western Negev.

    2014: The American Sephardi Federation and the Center for Jewish History are scheduled to honor the legacy of Daniel Pearl with a special concert “Building Bridges: From Bene Beraq to Baghdad.

    2014: At the Gerard Behar Theatre the all-male religious dancers of the Ka’et Ensemble are scheduled to perform at the Heaven and Earth Festival starting today.

    2014: “The Garden of Eden” and “Life Sentences” are scheduled to be shown at the Israeli Film Festival hosted by the Tulane University Jewish Studies Department chaired by Dr. Brian Horowitz.

    2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host Rabbi Deborah Prinz speaking about “Jews on the Chocolate Trail.”

    2014: Mathew Klickstein, author of Slimed: An Oral History of Nickelodeon’s Golden Age is the feature at the Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival.

    2014: PuppetCinema which “began in 2009 as an experiment in Israel” is scheduled to open with Zvi Sahar in New York.

    2014: Hundred atteneded the funeral this morning for 22 year old Karen Yemima Muscara who was killed “in last week;s terrorist a ttack on a Jerusalem light rail station.”

    2014: “Putting perceived security concerns before conscience, US intelligence and law enforcement agencies likely employed over 1,000 Nazis as spies during the Cold War, sometimes ignoring or concealing their war crimes and helping them immigrate to the United States, the author of a soon-to be released book wrote in an article published today.” (As reported by Spencer Ho)

    2014: Indirect talks between Hamas and Israel which were scheduled to resume today will not take place because Egypt has closed its border to the Hamas delegation following a deadly terror attack in Sinai for which the Egyptians hold Hamas responsible. (As reported by Elhanan Miller)

    2015(14th of Cheshvan, 5776): Seventy-six year old Richard Larkin, an American educator who had moved to Israel and became an advocate for coexistence between Jews and Muslims succumbed to the wounds he had suffered when a terrorist bombed the bus he was riding in Jerusalem two weeks ago.

    2015: “Apples from the Desert” an Israeli film is scheduled to be shown at the Jewish Arts & Film Festival of Fairfield County.

    2015: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research and the JDC Archives are scheduled to present a lecture by Mish Itsel on “The Great Terror in the USSR (1937-1938) and the Destruction of the Agro-Joint Program.”

    2015: The David D. and Betty Cooper Wallerstein Fund for Judaic Studies, the GW Law School, the Program in Judaic Studies and the Department of History are scheduled to sponsor “Reckoning with the Ghosts of Leo Frank” a “public conversation among journalist Steve Oney, lawyer David Kendall and GWU Law Dean Blake Morant, that commemorates the centennial of Leo Frank's lynching, a national cause célèbre that exposed the racial, religious, ethnic and sectional divides in 20th century America, revitalizing the Ku Klux Klan on the one hand and galvanizing the Anti-Defamation League on the other.”

    2015:Rabbi Asher Lopatin, the President of Yeshivat Chovevei Torah Rabbinical School, is scheduled to lecture on "Does God Care” at the Skirball Center

    2015: “The Garden of Eden” and “Life Sentences” are scheduled to be shown at the Israeli Film Festival at Tulane University.

    2016: Ari Shavit, a prominent Haaretz columnist and author of the bestselling My Promised Land  “accused of unwanted groping and sexual advances during an interview with American Jewish reporter apologized to her today ‘from the bottom of my heart’ but insisted the incident was ultimately the result of a ‘misunderstanding.’”

    2016: “At a conference today, archaeologists Assaf Avraham and Perez Reuven presented an ancient Muslim inscription that refers to the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount as "Bait al-Maqdess," an Arabicized version of the Hebrew words for the Temple, Beit Hamikdash.”

    2016: Today “the Syrian government complained about alleged Israeli archaeological excavations at Bir Ajam on the Syrian Golan Heights, drawing an irate response from Israel’s ambassador to UNESCO.”

    2016: “Israeli archaeologists today presented new details of what they said were the first tiny artifacts, unearthed in situ on the Temple Mount, ever conclusively dated to the time of the First Temple over 2,600 years ago.”

    2016: “Yaad, Biran, a Ph.D. candidate in the Yiddish program of the Hebrew University is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled “Yiddish Writers Do The Holy Land” where he examines the lives of three writers who moved to Palestine from New York – “Yehoash, a Poaley Tsionist and the story of his failed immigration in 1914; Tsivyon, a Bundist who criticized the Zionist project in his 1921 visit; and Yosef Opatoshu, a socialist writer who turned his experience in 1934 into a novella, offering an unusual understanding of old and new Palestine.”

    2016: The Skirball Center is scheduled to host “an evening with Jeffrey Goldberg” the new editor of the Atlantic magazine.

    2016: At Tulane University, Hillel is scheduled to host its Hebrew Café as alumnae come to campus for pre-homecoming events.

    2016: Today, “workers removed the top marble layer of the tomb said to Jesus, in the Church of Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.”

    2016: Jess Olson is scheduled to conduct “a gallery talk and tour of Yeshiva University Museum’s exhibition exploring the vital creative character and dramatic social context of pre- and post-revolutionary Odessa, Ukraine (formerly Russia) through the work of two of the city’s most important artists - the writer Isaac Babel and the painter Yefim Ladyzhensky.”

    2017(7th of Cheshvan, 5778): Yom HaAliyah

    2017: “At least 15 firefighting crews and four planes were still battling the forest fire in the Sataf area west of Jerusalem this morning, almost 24 hours after it began.”

    2017(7th of Cheshvan, 5778): Eighty-year old Joe Taub, the co-founder of ADP and “part owner of the NBA New Jersey Nets” passed away today. (Richard Sandomir)

    2017: Publication of Jewish Anzacs: Jewish in the Australian Military by Mark Dapin.

    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host Kabbalat Shabbat, followed by dinner, a Q&A with Rabbi Michael Rosenfeld-Schuler and a tisch.

    2017: ShabbatUK which Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis said is “one of the most inspiring events of the ear bringing together Jewish children united in their enthusiasm for Shabbat and Judaism” is scheduled to begin today.

    2018(18th of Cheshvan, 5779): Parashat Va-yayra – for more see

    2018: In Jerusalem, the Nocturno Café is scheduled to host  “A Spiritual Stand Up with Mrs. Rabia”

    2018: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host “The Best of Chamber Music with Cellist Simcha Heled and Friends.”

    2018: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host a full day of services along with a Shabbat Lunch and Seudah Shlishit as part of the Oxford 3rd Week Bring a Friend Shabbat.

    2018: The Jerusalem Theatre Piano Festival is scheduled to host its closing concert, “Hebrew Love” featuring Einav Jackson Cohen and Daniel Shoham.

    2018: The 14th Street Y is scheduled to host the final performance of “Theo’s Dream,” “a radical, hallucinogenic trip through the fever dream of Theodore Herzl.”



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    OCTOBER 28

    97: Emperor Nerva is forced by the Praetorian Guard, to adopt general Marcus Ulpius Trajanus as his heir and successor. Trajan would not become Emperor until Nerva died in January of the following year. Trajan will be remembered as the ruler who was on the throne during the revolt in the diaspora referred to as “The Revolt Against Trajan” that took place between 115 CE and 117 CE.  It was the second of three Jewish revolts against Rome – the first being the Great Revolt that ended with the destruction of the Second Temple and the third being Bar Kochba’s revolt

    312: Roman emperor Constantine, 32, defeated the army of Maxentius, a contender to the throne, at Milvian Bridge, after trusting in a vision he had seen of the cross, inscribed with the words, "In this sign conquer." Constantine was converted soon after and became the first Roman emperor to embrace the Christian faith.  This was the turning point for Christianity in Europe.  With the support of the imperial government, Christianity was able to establish itself THE religion in Europe.  It marked a downhill slide for the Jews of Europe.

    1216: At Gloucester, the first coronation of Henry III who “exacted” from Elias of London also known as Elijah ben Moses “no less a sum than £10,000, besides £100 a year for a period of four years.”

    1138: Fifty-two year old Bolesław III Wrymouth who “recognized the utility of the Jewish in the development of the commercial interests of” Poland and whose “tolerant regime” encourage them to settle as far east as Kiev passed away today.

    1348: As the Black Death made its way across France, the authorities began arresting “the Jews of the bailiwick of Amont (Haute-Saôte)” and confiscating their property to arrest the Jews of the bailiwick of Amont (Haute-Saôte) 

    1516: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza at the Battle of Yaunis Khan. Jews fared poorly under the rule of the Mameluks. Without going into details about the conflicts within Islam in general, and the role of the Mameluks in particular, suffice it to say that what was “bad news for them” was “good for the Jews.”

    1549: “Queen Bona, “the wife of Sigismund, the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania” “ordered her governor Kimbar to assemble the Jews of Grodno to elect a rabbi who was no relative of the Judichs, and decreed that in case this should not be done without opposition, the opponents of the Judichs were to elect a separate rabbi with the same rights and privileges as enjoyed by the one chosen by that family. 

    1600: James Roberts the copyright he had obtained for “The Merchant of Venice” (also known as The Jew of Venice) to stationer Thomas Hayes “who published the first quarto before the end of” 1600.

    1636: Harvard University is established in colonial Massachusetts. Harvard certainly has had it share of Jewish students, graduates and faculty members.  But the Jewish relationship with Harvard has had its darker moments. “During and after World War I, American Jewry became the target of anti-Semitism by a variety of social groups, including the Ku Klux Klan and various immigration restriction advocates. Ivy League universities were no exception, and several of these venerable schools moved to restrict Jewish enrollment during the 1920s. Some Jewish students at Harvard, the bellwether in American education, did not take admission restrictions lying down. Nativism and intolerance among segments of the white Protestant population were aimed at both Eastern European Jews and Southern European Catholics. In higher education, Jews were particularly resented. By 1919, about 80% of the students at New York's Hunter and City colleges were Jews and 40% at Columbia. Jews at Harvard tripled to 21% of the freshman class in 1922 from about 7% in 1900. Ivy League Jews won a disproportionate share of academic prizes and election to Phi Beta Kappa but were widely regarded as competitive, eager to excel academically and less interested in extra-curricular activities such as organized sports. Non-Jews accused them of being clannish, socially unskilled and either unwilling or unable to “fit in.” In 1922, Harvard's president, A. Lawrence Lowell, proposed a quota on the number of Jews gaining admission to the university. Lowell was convinced that Harvard could only survive if the majority of its students came from old American stock. Lowell argued that cutting the number of Jews at Harvard to a maximum of 15% would be good for the Jews.  He contended that limits would prevent further anti-Semitism. Lowell reasoned, “The anti-Semitic feeling among the students is increasing, and it grows in proportion to the increase in the number of Jews. If their number should become 40% of the student body, the race feeling would become intense.” The fight against Jewish quotas at Harvard was led by Harry Starr, an undergraduate and the son of a Russian immigrant who established the first kosher butcher shop in Gloversville, New York. As president of the Menorah Society, Harvard's major Jewish student organization, Starr organized a series of meetings between Jewish and non-Jewish students, faculty and administrators to discuss Lowell's proposed quota. The meetings were frequently heated and painful. As Starr recalled in an account published in 1985, which can be found at the American Jewish Historical Society, “We learned that it was numbers that mattered; bad or good, too many Jews were not liked. Rich or poor, brilliant or dull, polished or crude - [the problem was] too many Jews.” Starr insisted that there could be no “Jewish problem” at Harvard or in America. Starr observed, “The Jew cannot look on himself as a problem.... Born or naturalized in this country, he is a full American.” If admitting all qualified Jews to Harvard meant a change in the traditional social composition of the student body, so be it. Starr refused to hear any hokum about 'pure' American stock as a way to limit Jewish admissions to Harvard. “Tolerance,” he wrote in the Menorah Journal, “is not to be administered like castor oil, with eyes closed and jaws clenched.” Lowell received a great deal of public criticism, particularly in the Boston press. Harvard's overseers appointed a 13-member committee, which included three Jews, to study the university's “Jewish problem.” The committee rejected a Jewish quota but agreed that “geographic diversity” in the student body was desirable. Harvard had been using a competitive exam to determine who was admitted, and urban Jewish students were scoring highly on the exam. Urban public schools such as Boston Latin Academy intensely prepared their students, many of whom were Jewish, to pass Harvard's admissions test. The special committee recommended that the competitive exam be replaced by an admissions policy that accepted top-ranking students from around the nation, regardless of exam scores. By 1931, because students from urban states were replaced by students from Wyoming and North Dakota who ranked in the top of their high school classes, Harvard's Jewish ranks were cut back to 15% of the student body. In the late 1930s, James Bryant Conant, Lowell's successor as president, eased the geographic distribution requirements, and Jewish students were once again admitted primarily on the basis of merit. Harry Starr, who lived until 1992, became a national Jewish communal leader, including a term of service as a trustee of the American Jewish Historical Society. Professionally, he became the director of the Lucius N. Littauer Foundation, which was established by a Jewish congressman from Gloversville and which over the years has given many generous gifts to Harvard. Harry Starr held no grudges against the university which in 1922 he lovingly battled on behalf of his fellow Jews.

    1700: In the same year that he published his second tract which he hoped would cause Jews to convert to Christianity, Cotton Mather wrote in his diary today about the conversion of Shalom Ben Shalomoh who had joined a Congregational Church in London. Cotton Mather differed from other Christian leaders.  He believed that the Jews practice a theological incorrect religion which is why sought to convince them to convert.  But reason rather than the lash or the burning stake was his method.  "As a humanitarian...he demanded that Jews should be free from religious persecution."

    1704: John Locke, the English political theorist who in 1689 “Letter Concerning Toleration” wrote that “Neither Pagan, nor Jew, ought to be excluded from the civil rights of the commonwealth because of his religion” passed away today.

    1718: Alexander Felix (David Penso), Jacob Do Porto, and David Machado Do Sequeira, on behalf of the Ashkenazim, leased from Captain Chichester Phillips of Drumcondra Castle (an MP in the Irish Parliament) a plot of land on which the Ballybough Cemetery, Dublin’s oldest Jewish burial ground, was subsequently built.

    1778: Rabbi Chaim Joseph David Azulai ben Isaac Zerachia, the Jerusalem native married his second wife, Rachel while studying in Pisa.  His first wife, Sarah had died five years earlier.

    1784:  Birthdate of Sir Moses Montefiore. Born in Leghorn (Italy) Montefiore was raised in London where he became a successful merchant and married into the House of Rothschild.  In 1824, he "retired" from business and devoted his life to public office and philanthropy.  He was the first to hold numerous political and civic positions in Great Britain.  He was a leader of the Jewish Community in England and throughout Europe.  He was an early supporter of Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel.  Montefiore’s Windmill is a famous landmark in Jerusalem.  His 100th birthday was celebrated as a holiday in Jewish communities in the British Isles and the Continent.  He passed away in 1885.

    1805: Birthdate of dramatist and lawyer, Jonas B. Phillips.  The son of Benjamin J. Phillips, this native of Philadelphia, PA produced plays including “Cold Stricken,” “Camillus,” and “The Evil Eye.”  After studying law, he became the assistant district attorney for New York County.

    1807(26th of Tishrei, 5568): Gutchen Sheyer, the wife of Moses Joseph Schiff passed away today.

    1813: Samuel Levy married Judith Magnus were married at the Great Synagogue today.

    1820: In Ruzhyn, Ukraine, Rabbi Yisrael Friedman of Ruzhyn, the founder of the Ruzhiner dynasty, and his wife, Sarah gave birth to Avrohom Yaakov Friedman, the first Rebbe of the Sadigura Hasidic dynasty.

    1824(6thof Cheshvan, 5585): Fifty-five year old Benedict-Benedikt Moses Worms, the son of Henriette and Moses Gabriel Worms and the “husband of Schönche Jeanette Worms” passed away today.

    1827: One day after he had passed away, 53 year old “Hirsch ben Yaacov” was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery “on the 2nd day of Rosh Chodesh Marcheshvan, 5590.”

    1828: In Hamburg, Jacob Magner and Ulrika Hahn gave birth to Jacob Magner who was one of the founders of several institutions in New Orleans including the Association for the Relief of Jewish Widows and Orphans (1855), Touro Infirmary (1868), Temple Sinai (1870) and the Harmony Club.

    1829: Birthdate of Emanuel Oscar Menahem Deutsch, the native of Silesia who worked on Semitic studies at the British Museum where his writings on the Talmud kindled interest among English Christians and who “acted as special correspondent to The Times during the Ecumenical Council which met at the Vatican in 1869 and 1870.

    1835: Leon Maness Ritterband, who was born in Poland in 1809 married Benvenida Solis today in New York today.

    1836: In Ireland, John Chapel and his wife gave birth to Monsignor Thomas John Capel, the controversial Catholic cleric who in a show of ecumenism that was unusual in the 19th century addressed the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at Chickering Hall on November 12, 1884.

    1836: Birthdate of Bavarian native Simon Wolf, who after coming to the United States in 1848 pursued a business career after which he pursued a legal career that led him to Washington, D.C. where he “made friendships with presidents Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, William McKinley and Woodrow Wilson” a leader of the American Jewish community.

    1840: Sir Moses Montefiore had an audience with the Sultan. Among the topics discussed were the blood libel accusations on the island of Rhodes and in Damascus. The Sultan later issued a public firman exonerating Jews from anything to do with ritual murder accusations.  

    1844: Birthdate of Moses Jacob Ezekiel, the native of Richmond, VA who was the first Jew to attend Virginia Military Institute and who, after serving with the Confederate Army, became a renowned sculptor.

    1844: In New York City, for the first time, Mordecai M. Noah presented “his plan for the restoration of a Jewish state in Palestine to a Christian audience” at the Broadway Tabernacle.

    1849: In Albany, NY, Rabbi Isaac M. Wise and Therese Bloch gave birth to Leo Wise, the husband of Pauline Goodman, who earned an LL.B from the University of Michigan and served with the River Flotilla of the U.S. Navy during the Civil War before becoming the publisher of several Jewish publications including “Die Deborah” and the “American Israelite.”

    1853: “Russia.; Delivered before the Hebrew Young Men's Literary Association” published today described Rabbi Raphall’s appearance before the Hebrew Young Men's Literary Association at Academy Hall, No. 663 Broadway, at which time he delivered a lecture enititled “Russia” The speaker was introduced by Isaac Seligman, the who was serving as chairman. Raphall described the gains in power that Russia has made in the last 150 years and the territorial aspirations of the current rulers.  He also described the history and the plight of the Jews living in that land.  Mr. Mosely Lyon followed Rabbi Raphall to the lectern where he delivered an address on the purpose of the Hebrew Young Men’s Literary Association.

    1857: "Defaulting Farmers" published today takes issue with the notion that the farmer is not only possessed of "sturdy virtues that enoble humanity" but also the backbone of the national economy. In fact, the "western farmer has no more nobleness of soul than a Wall Street stock gambler or a Chatham street Jew." The term "Chatham Street Jew" was extremely derisive.  It referred to the fact that the lucrative trade in used clothes on Chatham Street on the Lower East was dominated by Jews where Christians were sure that they were being victimized by the sharp business practices of "the Tribe of Judah."

    1858 RH Macy & Co opened its first store on Sixth Avenue in New York City. Gross receipts for the day totaled $11.06.  The Straus family, which had been leasing space in Macy's to operate a chinaware department, the store's most profitable section, acquired the Macy’s in 1896 and turned it into one of the country’s leading department stores.  One sign of the change came in when they relocated the store to its Herald square location at 34th Street and Broadway in New York.

    1858: At a thousand people attended tonight’s banquet and ball which was a fundraiser for the Jew’s Hospital.Benjamin Nathan, the President of Hospital Board provided over the event which was attended by Mayor Tilman.  Rabbi J.J. Lyon recited the blessings before the meal began and Rabbi Kramer chanted the Grace After Meal. Mr. Nathan told the attendees that the hospital had treated 747 patients since its opening, all but 73 at no charge and that the treasury was now empty. Lionel Goldberg read the list of donations which totaled $12,000.

    1860: Samuel Isaac Joseph Schereschewsky who had converted in 1855 “was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Boone in the mission school chapel, later known as the Church of our Savior in Hongkew”

    1862: Moses P. Arnold, who was promoted from Sergeant to First Sergeant, began his service with Company A of the 172nd Regiment.

    1863: Philadelphian Levi Arnold who had risen to the rank of Sergeant in Company F of the 143rd Regiment “transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps” today.

    1864:The Council of the Academy decided to award Russian-Jewish sculptor Mark Antokolski with the Small Silver Medal for the "Tailor" also known as “The Jewish Tailor.”

    1867:Maimonides College “the first Jewish theological seminary in America” opened today in Philadelphia, PA.  Isaac Lesser, Sabato Morais, Marcus Jastrow, Aaron S. Bettelheim, L. Buttenwieser and William H. Williams were the members of the faculty with Lesser doubling as the school’s provost. The school closed in December of 1873, reportedly due to lack of financial support which may be explained by the economic hard times that the country was suffering a the time.

    1870(3rdof Cheshvan, 5631): Sixty-three year old Prague-born physician Gottfried S. Schmelkes who earned his medical degree in 1837 after which he joined the staff of the Jewish hospital “Töplitz (Teplitz), Bohemia, where he worked until he passed away today.

    1870: President Jacob Pisa presided over tonight’s meeting of the Young Democratic Jews’ Association of the Second Assembly District in New York.  During the meeting which was held on Mott Street, the Jewish political organization endorsed the local and state candidates supported by “the Young Democracy, but did not make any endorsement of Congressional candidates.

    1872: Birthdate of San Francisco native Aaron Altman, artist and teacher who “was director of art education in the San Francisco public schools.

    1873(7th of Cheshvan, 5634): Immanuel Oscar Menahem Deutsch, a German oriental scholar, passed away today.  Born in 1829 at Neisse, Prussian Silesia (now Nysa, Poland) he studied theology and Talmud at the University of Berlin. “In 1855 Deutsch was appointed assistant in the library of the British Museum. He worked intensely on the Talmud and contributed no less than 190 papers to Chambers' Encyclopaedia, in addition to essays in Kittos and Smiths' Biblical Dictionaries, and articles in periodicals. In October 1867 his article on The Talmud, published in the Quarterly Review, made him known. It was translated into French, German, Russian, Swedish, Dutch and Danish. He died at Alexandria on 12 May 1873.His Literary Remains, edited by Lady Strangford, were published in 1874, consisting of nineteen papers on such subjects as The Talmud, Islam, Semitic Culture, Egypt, Ancient and Modern, Semitic Languages, The Targums, The Samaritan Pentateuch, and Arabic Poetry

    1874: Birthdate of St. Louis native Robert Henry Polack who became a successful businessman in New Orleans where he served as an officer of the Jewish Welfare Fund.

    1874: Rabbi Benjamin Artom officiated at the wedding of Mr. Isaac Abecassis of Lisbon and Miss Helena Ben Saude of the Azores.  Among the many guests were J.O. Bradford, Paymaster General of the U.S. Navy and his wife.

    1876: In Cleveland, OH, Emanuel Ullman and Sara Mayer gave birth to their third child, Leo Emanuel Ullman, the husband of Blanche McKee Heller.

    1877: “Early Christian Greek Story” published today provide a summary of Abraham the Jew and the Merchant Theodore printed by Combefisius  from a manuscript, copies of which are in the National Library at Paris and the library in Turin.

    1881: It was reported today that “the question of Jewish emigration to America is still a subject of concern to the Russian government.” To that end the government will make another attempt “to turn the Jews into peasant farms and settle them in the provinces of Kherson and Ekaterinoslav.”

    1881: John A. Goldberg appeared in Essex Market Court where he denied the charges of Mrs. Amelia Goldberg that she was his wife and that he had deserted her.  He presented evidence that he had obtained a divorce from her from a Rabbi while they were living in England because she had been unfaithful.  He also produced evidence that he had provided her with financial assistance when she came to the United States even though he was under no obligation to do so.

    1882: Harris Udovitch is out on bail after having been arrested for assaulting Mrs. Louis Cohen during his thwarted attempt to buy Louis Cohen’s “credit with heaven” for $150.

    1883: The 9th annual meeting of the Board of Relief of the United Hebrew Charities was held this morning at a house on St. Mark’s Place.

    1884: It was reported today that a reception was held at Ramsgate yesterday to honor Sir Moses Montefiore on his 100th birthday; “an anniversary that was celebrated throughout Europe.”

    1885: It was reported today that Jonas Loeb, a prominent Jewish merchant in Georgia is insolvent since he has liabilities of $64,000 and assets of $10,000.  Litigation has already been threatened by his creditors.

    1886: The Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Cleveland. The Jewish poetess Emma Lazarus wrote "The New Colossus" in 1883 for an art auction "In Aid of the Bartholdi Pedestal Fund." While France had provided the statue itself, American fundraising efforts like these paid for the Statue of Liberty's pedestal. In 1903, sixteen years after her death, Lazarus' sonnet was engraved on a plaque and placed in the pedestal as a memorial.

              “The New Colossus”

     Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,

    With conquering limbs astride from land to land;

    Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand

    A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame

    Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name

    Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand

    Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command

    The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.

    "Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she

    With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,

    Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,

    The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.

    Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,

    I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"

    1886: Social reformer and future Presidential candidate addressed the United Hebrew George Club.

    1888: The “Jewish Agriculturists’ Aid Society of America,” whose members would include Morris Weil, Maurice W. Kosinski and Edward Rose was “organized today in Chicago, Illinois.

    1888: Birthdate of Hungarian anti-Semite Tibor Eckhardt, the head of the Association of Awakening Magyars during the 1920’s whose members “bombed a charity ball organized by the Jewish women of Csongrad in which several people were killed.” (Editor’s Note – this is just another example of the anti-Semitism that was so common during the inter-war years which made the Holocaust possible.)

    1888: Joseph Navon the driving force behind the Jaffa-Jerusalem railway “received a 71-year concession from the Ottoman authorities that also gave him permission to extend the line to Gaza and Nablus

    1888: Rabbi Leon Harrison delivered an address entitled “Is it a Misfortune to be a Jew?” at Temple Israel on Greene Avenue in Brooklyn.

    1888: The New York Times reviewed Life of Lord Beaconsfield by T.E. Kebble.

    1888: “The Jewish-Americans” published today cites information that originally appeared in the Jewish Messenger to question why New York City has not produced a “distinctly American-Jewish congregation.  The city has all manner of synagogues for Hungarian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, etc. Jews but none that is uniquely American.

    1889: President Henry Rice presided over the 15thannual meeting of The United Hebrew Charities held its at Temple Emanu-El in New York City where he said that “in the las ten years the disbursements of the society have more than doubled” noting that “in 1879 the total relief distributed amounted to a little more than $35,000 and that during the past year the Treasurer has expended more than $72,000.”

    1889: Edwin Booth, the great Shakespearian actor played Shylock and Helena Modjeska played his daughter Portia in tonight’s performance of “The Merchant of Venice” at the Broadway Theatre.

    1890: Dr. Robert Collyer, Dr. Maurice H. Harris, Oscar Straus, Joseph Blumenthal and Seth Low, the President of Columbia are scheduled to address those attending the a meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at Chickering Hall.

    1890: Three days after he had passed away, “Samson Asher Samson,” the son of Asher and Amelia Samson and the husband of the former Eva Nathan was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1894: “No Man Controls The Hebrew Vote” published today provides the view of Dr. Joseph Silverman the rabbi at Temple Emanu-El that the “Hebrew vote” does not exist and that it is the “child of the politician’s active brain.  Jews do as they please in politics.”  The Jew “is a Jew in the synagogue but elsewhere he is an American citizen, and most of all at the ballot box.”(Silverman was decrying the trivializing of the electoral process with politicians seeking to divide voters by ethnic and religious lines)

    1896: The funeral of Moses Kind is scheduled to be held at his home at 49 West 96th Street in Manhattan this morning.

    1896: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi B.A. Elzas officiated at the wedding of Sam Feinstein and Carrie Rice.

    1897(2nd of Cheshvan, 5658): “After a short illness,” Marie Benecke, the wife of Charles Victor Benecke  and the “eldest daughter of the late Feliz Mendelssohn Bartholdy” passed away at Norfolk Lodge in the United Kingdom

     1897: Birthdate of Edith Claire Posener, the daughter of Max Posener and Anna E. Levy, the Searchlight, Nevada who would gain fame as award winning fashion designer Edith Heath. During her long career in Hollywood, Head’s costumes won her 35 Oscar nominations.  She won 8 of the bronze statuettes.  She died in October of 1981.

    1897: “A meeting of the North London Jewish Literary and Social Union” is scheduled “to be held in the hall adjoining the Dalston Synagogue” where the Right Honorable Earl Beauchamp will open a debate on ‘Religious Education in the Board Schools.’”

    1898: Theodor Herzl “docked at the port of Jaffa today and traveled by train to Jersualem.”

    1898:Kaiser William II (Prussia) visited pre-state Israel and met with Herzl. At this time Eretz Israel was part of the Ottoman Empire.  The Kaiser was trying to gain the Turks as an ally.  He also sought to make himself the European protector of Jerusalem.  Herzl was disappointed by the lack of commitment on the part of the Kaiser. Much of this was due to the opposition of German Liberal Jews, bankers, and his foreign minister Bernhard von Bulow to the Zionist movement.!prettyPhoto[horizontal]/0/

    1898: Philip S. Golderman, a Color Sergeant with the 203rd NY Infantry was promoted to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Sam Steinberg of Texas who had been serving with Co. C, 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Jake Waixel of Texas who had been serving with Co. J, 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Gus G. Nussbaum of Texas who had been serving with Co. L, 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Joseph Levy of Texas who had been serving with the Regimental Ban, Co. M 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Charles C. Jacobs of Texas who had been serving with Co. M 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, H.S. Hyneman of Texas who had been serving with Co. F 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Harry Ferlman of Texas who had been serving Co. D 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Herman H. Blum of Texas who had been serving Co. M 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Max Blumberg of Texas who had been serving with Co. C 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service at Galveston

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, William Rosing of Texas who had been serving with Co. C 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Solomon Gordon of Texas who had been serving with Company K 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Gus L. Berkman of Texas who had been serving with the Hospital Corps of Co. M 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Harry Friedman of Texas who had been serving with Co. E 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Charles Fischl of Texas who had been serving with the Hospital Corps of Co. M 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Edward Seelig of Texas who had been serving with Co. C, 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: During the Spanish-American War, Sam Steinberg of Texas who had been serving with Co. C, 1st U.S. Volunteer Infantry was mustered out of service.

    1898: “At today’s session of the Court of Cassation in the Palace of Justice, Alphonse Bard concluded his report of the Dreyfus case” and “said that the Court should make every investigation necessary to enlighten its members and place the whole truth in evidence.”

    1900: Seventy-six year old German linguist and Oriental scholar Friedrich Max Müller who challenged the claim of Nicolas Notovitch, a Russian Jew, that the Life of Issa” was a legitimate work depicting the life of Jesus (Issa) which had Him leaving the Galilee and studying with Buddhists and Hindus in India before returning to Judea.

    1902:Opening of theZionist Annual Conference at which The Anglo-Palestine Company is sanctioned. It will begin operations in summer 1903.

    1903: The engagement of Israel Zangwill to Edith Aryton was made public.  Edith Aryton’s father is one of the best known electrical engineers in England. Her mother is a noted scientist in her own right and the daughter of Levi and Alice Marks, a Jewish family from Portsea.

    1906: In Russia, Sergei Witte “induced the Czar to issue a manifesto proclaiming freedom of speech, press and person” the day before pogroms broke out in “200 places in Russia” including Odessa.

    1908: Birthdate of playwright and screen writer Albert Malz whose fame as one of the Hollywood Ten overshadowed his accomplishment including writing the Oscar nominated script for the super-patriotic “Pride of the Marines.”

    1909: Birthdate of Brest-Litovsk native Josef Gingold, the violinist, concertmaster and long-time instructor at the Indiana University Jacobs School of Music.

    1911: The Chancellor of the Exchequer met with a group of Jews to discuss “the Insurance Bill” today.

    1911: “In a letter to the Jewish Morning Journal” said “that if Russia refuses to accede” to the conditions concerning the treatment of Jews he will support the “abrogation of the Treaty with Russia” and advised Jewish organizations to pass resolutions on the subject and send them to their Congressmen.

    1912:  As the election campaign of 1912 comes to an end, Oscar Straus sends a telegram denying that he had ever been connected with R. H. Macy or Abraham and Straus.

    1913: Mendel Beilis was acquitted. The Beilis Trial (Russia) took place after a Christian boy was found dead near a brick factory in which Mendel Beilis worked. On June 22, 1911 he was accused of ritual murder by the government. The only evidence was the word of a drunken couple who claimed they saw a man with a black beard walking with the child. The Russian government actively took up the case after the assassination of Stolypin by a Jewish revolutionist. Professor Sikowsky, a neurologist, "proved" that Jews use Christian blood for ritual purposes. Beilis's lawyers, Margolin and Grusenberg, fought the government for two years until diplomatic pressure forced the Russians to drop the charges. Beilis then settled in the United States, where he died after a long illness in 1934.

    1914: In New York City, Daniel and Dora (Press) Salk gave birth to the first son, Dr. Jonas Edward Salk, the American medical researcher who developed the first vaccine against polio.  In one of those ironic twists of fate, both the first and the second polio vaccines were developed by Jewish Doctors.

    1914: “Governor Names Mercy Committee” published today provided a list of those named by Martin Glyn to take the lead in providing aid to those who have been made destitute by the war including Adolph S. Ochs, Samuel Lewisohn and Oscar S. Straus.

    1914:Ileana Schapira, the daughter of Mihail Schapira, a prominent Jewish industrialist was born in Bucharest, Romania.  As Ileana Sonnabend, she became a legendary gallery owner who had an eye for the art that nobody else wanted.  She died in 2007 at the age of 92.

    1914: In New York City, with Governor Martin Glynn at his side Jacob H. Schiff delivered a speech at the National Theatre in support of the Governor’s re-election

    1914: In New York, Mayor Mitchell expressed his displeasure with the recommendation that Charities Department should be placed under a board whose members would be nominated by the Jewish, Protestant and Catholic charitable institutions that receive some $5,000,000 from the city through this very department.

    1915: “Dr. De Sola Pool, rabbi of the Portuguese Synagogue” addressed “a gathering of students of the Menorah Society” today where he “described the conditions of the Jews in Palestine as affected by the European war.”

    1915: Henry M. Toch presided over tonight’s dinner at the Ritz-Carlton given by the Directors of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association in honor of Felix M. Warburg who is beginning his 8th year as president of the organization.

    1916: In the Bronx, Louis and Libby Galenson gave birth to Dr. Eleanor Galenson, “a psychoanalyst whose research demonstrated that children are aware of sexual identity in infancy, even earlier than Freud had propounded…” (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

    1916: In Washington, attorney Simon Wolf, the friend of several Presidents beginning with Lincoln and a President B’nai B’rith celebrated his 80thbirthday today which “was made occasion of a notable demonstration and scores of friends in all parts of the country, united in doing him honor” including “Terence Vince Powderly of the United States Immigration Service” who wrote a special poem to mark the moment.

    1916: Mrs. Samuel Elkeles the President of the National Jewish women’s organization for war relief said “that enthusiasm had been awakened wherever the appeals the committee had gone” as could be seen by the $200 hundred dollars Mrs. J. I. Peyser of Washington, D.C. had sent to the offices in New York.

    1916: A letter was written today from a soldier at Camp Wilson, Texas serving with Battery “F” of the Field Artillery asking for help from Simon Wolf so he could be furloughed to the Reserves.  When he enlisted in 1913, he said that nobody was look to him for “support” but now he has found out about the desperate condition of his family in Kalios, Russia and he needs to be able to send them money.

    1916: In his sermon today at Temple Rodolph Sholem at Lexington and 63rd, Rabbi Rudolph Grossman severely criticized “the resolution urging the conversion of Jews to the Christian faith as adopted by last week by the Episcopal General Convention at St. Louis.

    1917: During the New York City Mayoral election in which Morris Hillquit was a candidate, the New York Timespublished a “sarcastically title” article “Rich Mr. Hillquit, Poor Man’s Candidate” “tried to play up ‘the capitalistic corporation lawyer living in luxury’; point out that the rent for Hillquit’s apartment was two thousand dollars a year; that he owned a big seven passenger automobile.”

    1917: A National Special Assembly of the Jews of the United States which had been called for by Felix M. Warburg, Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee, is scheduled to be held in New York today “for the purposed of devising means to reach the $10,000,000 goal for Jewish war relief set for 1917.”

    1917: It was reported today that in those part of Russia which are now under the control of the German Army “Jews are fined or arrested for forgetting to bow to German officers or not getting out of their way on the pavements,” are not allowed to walk on the pavement “when they see a German officer on it,” and are “abducted for forced State labor” and “to assist officers in hunting or in other pleasures and games.”

    1917: It was reported today that the Jewish Board for Welfare Work in the United States of Army of which Colonel Harry Cutler of Providence is the Chairman has issued an appeal to the Jews of United States “to raise a fund of $1,000,000 within the next few weeks to be used in the welfare work among the soldiers, both at home and abroad.”

    1917: It was reported today that there are more than fifty thousand Jews serving in the U.S. Army with Jews making up 40% of the men at Camp Upton, 16% of the mean at Camp Meade and 7% of the mean at Camp Dix.

    1917: Nearly one thousand Jews representing their co-religionist throughout the United States met at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue where, among other things they adopted “a resolution whereby a committee of ten prominent Jews was appointed to urge President Wilson to extend the work of the Belgian Relief Commission to Poland, Lithuania and similar war stricken countries.”

    1918: Rabbi Hyman Gerson Enelow who was touring the Western Front as a member of the Overseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board wrote today that “it is a real privilege to move about among the men.  “They are all glad to see me” because “it means to them that they are not forgotten by the Jewish community and that they get a chance to talk over their difficulties nand problems.

    1918(22ndof Cheshvan, 5679): During the Post-World War Influenza Pandemic, fifty-nine year old Leopold S. Kahn, the “dwarf performer known as Admiral Dot when he was with P.T. Barnum, passed away. Before he would marry Lottie Naomi Swartwood, a fellow performer, she had to convert to Judaism so that they marriage could be performed by a rabbi.

    1918(22nd of Cheshvan, 5679): Twenty-four year old Sol Henry Miller passed away today in Denver after which he was buried at Mt. Nebo Memorial Park in Aurora, CO.

    1918:  Czechoslovakia gains its independence. There were almost four hundred thousand Jews living in the part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire that became Czechoslovakia.  This meant Jews were about 2.5% of the new republics population.  The Jewish population in that part of Czechoslovakia known as Bohemia traced its roots back to the tenth century.  Most of the Jews of the Central European nation would perish in the Holocaust.

    1919: The Congress voted to override President Wilson’s of the Volstead Act, the law which would give the United States “Prohibition.”  One of the families to profit from this was the Bronfmans, the Canadian liquor barons.

    1920: Fifteen days after address the World Brotherhood Congress in Washington where “he urgedthe organization to go on record as protesting against ‘the outrages and inhumanities being practiced on Jews in other countries, Simon Wolf celebrated his 84thbirthday.

    1921: Birthdate of old Vilnus native Rachel Margolis, the WW II partisan, turned biology professor and Holocaust preservationist.

    1921: Birthdate of Frederick Mayer, the native of Freiburg and son of a recipient of the Iron Cross who enlisted in the U.S. Army the day after Pearl Harbor was attacked and parachuted back into Germany as an agent for the O.S.S. (As reported by Eric Lichtblau)

    1921: The Tuschinski Theatre, the “crowning achievement” in the career of Dutch businessman Abraham Icek Tuschinski “opened its doors in Amsterdam today.”

    1922:  Birthdate of Gershon Kingsley a Jewish German-American composer, most famous for composing the early electronic pop song Popcorn. He led the First Moog Quartet and was the first person to use the Moog synthesizer in live performance.

    1922: March on Rome Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government with the assistance of the Catholic Church; pope Pius XI declares that "Mussolini is a man sent by divine providence." According to Michele Sarfatti’s new book, The Jews in Mussolini’s Italy as reviewed in The ForwardsJews were so well integrated into Italian society that by 1922 when Mussolini took power, they were in every branch of government, including the military, and were represented all across the political spectrum. There were Jews who at first adhered enthusiastically to Mussolini’s program, others were among the first to organize antifascist activities, as well as many who hoped to remain neutral. The range of activities of Italian Jews extended from academics and professionals all the way to shop keepers and panhandlers. What emerges is a heterogeneous population that professed varying degrees of religious identity and many different levels of assimilation. But anti-Semitic sentiment in Italy, as Sarfatti shows, can be traced far back. As he argues, the leftovers of the medieval Catholic anti-Judaism provided fertile grounds for anti-Jewish nationalism, which in turn fed Fascist anti-Semitism. In 1934, Benito Mussolini famously declared that “there has never been anti-Semitism in Italy.” A mere four years later, after abandoning his Jewish mistress of 27 years, he passed his infamous racial laws. The rise of an anti-Semitic ideology escalated with Italy’s colonial war in Abyssinia of 1935. The Fascists first developed the concept of “Difesa della razza” (“defense of the race”) in dominating the black population of the African colony. At this early stage, this doctrine had parallels only in Nazi Germany and was completely absent in the rhetoric of Fascist movements, from Spain to Hungry, Romania and Poland. Based on newly discovered documents and an abundance of statistical data, the book demonstrates that, contrary to popular belief, Mussolini’s policies toward the Jews were independently conceived and implemented, and not — as some have argued — a late concession to Hitler’s war against the Jews. Despite Il Duce’s alliance with Hitler, “only” about 7,000 Italian Jews (16.3% of the Jewish population) died in Nazi death camps. Moreover, documented instances of Italians risking their lives to save Jews abound—a fact that reinforced the perception of Italians as “brava gente” (“good people,” the kind who helped preserve Jewish lives). Sarfatti maintains that the seeds of anti-Semitism were present in the Fascist regime since its inception, though anti-Semitism was not yet official policy. With a multitude of documented examples, the book follows the anti-Semitic crescendo in both official political discourse and practice. As early as 1934, the office of the Interior Ministry pressed for the replacement of Ferrara’s mayor: “It has been brought to our attention that the local citizenry feels displeasure to have a mayor of the Israelite religion at the head of the city’s administration. Therefore, it is desirable that he be replaced with a Catholic mayor.” In 1938, the Italian dictator passed and enforced the racial laws, in many respects even more restrictive than anti-Jewish legislation in Nazi Germany, and Italy became an officially anti-Semitic country. Sarfatti stresses that Mussolini was never pressured by Hitler regarding racial policies. Italians on the whole did not protest the laws until their lethal consequences became clear. By 1943, the Fascists began confiscating Jewish property and rounding up Jews for deportation, and abruptly many of those who had not protested against anti-Jewish laws rushed to save Jews.

    1923: In Lawrence, Massachusetts, Samuel Joseph Bernstein the son of “Dina and Judah Bernstein” and his wife Jennie Charna Bernstein gave birth to Shirley Anne Bernstein, the younger sister of “music man” Leonard Bernstein.

    1923: Birthdate of David Aronson a native of Lithuania who became “a leading Boston Expressionoist.”

    1927: “Fabulous Lola” a silent comedy with music by Artur Guttmann was released by Parufamet in Gernmany today.

    1928(14th of Cheshvan, 5689): “Theodore Rieanch, famous French Jewish lawyer, historian and archaeologist, one of the foremost authorities on comparative religion and Hellenic literature” died at today in Paris at the age of 68. “He was a brother of Solomon Reinach, President of the Alliance Israelite Universelle. Among his many literary works were “a history of the Jews from the Dispersion to our times,” Short History of Christianity and a French translation of the works of the Josephus, the Jewish first century Jewish historian.

    1932: “Lord Camber’s Ladies” a British murder mystery directed by Benn W. Levy who co-authored the screenplay was released today.

    1933: “The Kennel Murder Case” directed by Michael Curtiz was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.

    1936(12th of Cheshvan, 5697): Ninety-year old Moses Hirsch Landau, the father of Jacob Landaun, the founder and managing director of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, passed away today in New York. (As reported by JTA)

    1936: “The third annual Night of the Stars benefit presentation to raise funds for Jewish emergency needs abroad was held in Madison Square Garden tonight” and according to Chairman Harold Jacob had raised $75,000.

    1936 It was reported today that Rabbi Leo M. Franklin of Detroit protested the appeal by Joseph Lewis an Alabama born Jew who became head of the Freethinkers Association to denounce Yom Kippur as “the most degrading and humiliating day in all the superstitious annals of religion.”

    1937, The Palestine Post reported that some 50,000 out of the 400,000 trees in the Balfour Forest were burnt by Arab arsonists who used cotton-waste bombs, soaked in paraffin.  From a historic point of view, this was no mere act of arson.  By the end of the 19th centuries vast swaths of Eretz Israel were treeless waste or swamps.  The JNF made reforestation a major part of its plan.  In burning these trees, the terrorists were not just starting a forest fire.  They were showing a determination to reject improvement and modernization.

    1937:  The Palestine Post reported that the two chief rabbis, Dr. Isaac Herzog and Rabbi Jacob Meir, issued a manifesto asking for a national moderation and discipline on the part of Jews in responding to the intensified Arab terror campaign.  The manifesto was issued in response to reports of Jews attacking Arabs during this attempted “reign of terror.”

    1937: As Arab violence continued, 12 shots were fired a police patrol car in Lydda shattering the windshield wounding three Arab policemen.

    1938: “Suez,” a biopic about the building of the canal featuring J. Edward Bromberg, Joseph Schildkraut, and Maurice Moscovitch was released in the United States today by 20thCentury Fox.

    1938: Germany expels “some 18,000” Jews with Polish citizenship to the Polish border. Poles refuse to admit them; Germans refuse to allow them back into Germany. Seventeen thousand are stranded in the frontier town of Zbaszyn, Poland.

    1938: “All male Polish Jews living in Karlsruhe were deported to Poland.”

    1938: Today, “during the so-called Polish Intervention” sixty year old Bernhard Maissner (also known as Bejrich Bernhard Majzner), the husband of Regina Rivka Richter, was deported to Bentschen, in Poland which was the first step on the trip to his murder at Treblinka

    1938: Birthdate of Aharon Abuhatzira the native of Morocco who moved to Israel in 1949 where he pursued a career in politics that included serving in the Knesset and as Mayor of Ramla.

    1940: Birthdate of television writer and producer Susan Harris (née Spivak) who created a raft of sitcoms the most famous of which may be “Golden Girls.”

    1940: Mussolini’s Italian army cross Albania and invades Greece. The Greek army included 12,000 Greek Jews which fought fiercely and stopped the Italian advance. Between 510 and 615 Greek Jewish soldiers from Salonica were killed.

    1940: Following the German occupation of France, the Vichy regime no longer offered a safe haven to Jeanne Mandello the German Jewish photographer living in Paris and her husband Arno Grünebaum.

    1940: German occupiers in Belgium pass anti-Semitic legislation.

    1941: Today, Warrant Officer Jozef Gabčík (Slovak) and Staff Sergeant Karel Svoboda (Czech) were chosen to carry out the British operation code-named Anthropoid aimed at the “assassination of Schutzstaffel (SS)-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office, RSHA), the combined security services of Nazi Germany, and acting Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.”

    1941: In Kovno, Lithuania, 27,000 Jews who were assembled in Democracy Square must pass before an SS officer named Rauca, who signals life or death for each. 9200 of the Jews - 4300 of them children - are sent to their deaths at pits at the nearby Ninth Fort. (Friedlander, in The Years of Extermination puts the number at 10,000)

    1941: Eichmann noted "in view of the approaching final solution of the European Jewry problem, one has to prevent the immigration of Jews into the unoccupied area of France."

    1942: Two thousand elderly and sick Jews were deported from Plonsk to Auschwitz. Three more transports, each carrying 2,000 Jews, left from Plonsk for Auschwitz in the next six weeks

    1942: Jewish Warsaw Ghetto leaders ask Jan Karski, a Polish Catholic working for the underground, to tell the Polish and Allied governments: "We are helpless in the face of the German criminals....The Germans are not trying to enslave us as they have other people; we are being systematically murdered....Our entire people will be destroyed...."

    1942: The SS issues a secret directive that mittens and stockings confiscated from Jewish children at death camps be gathered and sent to SS families.

    1942: The Nazis deported 2,000 children and 6,000 adults from Cracow for shipment to Belzec.

    1942: SS directive orders all children's mittens and stockings to be sent from the death camps to the SS families.

    1942: Sixteen thousand Jews are murdered at Pinsk, Poland.

    1942: Mieczyslaw Gruber, a Jewish former soldier in the Polish Army, escapes with 17 others from a Nazi POW camp on Lipowa Street in Lublin. The group will later establish a partisan group in the forest northwest of the city.

    1943: “More than 1,200 friends and admirers of Ben Bernie, orchestra leader and radio favorite” attended the funeral of “the Old Maestro” at Temple Rodeph Sholom where Rabbi Louis I. Newman “who conducted the service praised Bernie for his “generosity and selfness” after which he recited “When I Am Dead” written by Chaim Nachman Bialik.

    1944: Thirty nine year old Czech journalist Josef Taussig “was transported today with his parents one other relative to Auschwitz on the last train from Theresienstadt.”

    1944: Thirty-four year old German author H.G. Adler “was deported to Niederoschel, a subdivision of Buchenwald” two weeks after his wife who was a doctor and his mother-in-law were gassed at Auschwitz.

    1944: “Hippopotamus: Profile of a Great Custodian by Nathan Ausubel published today described as “the true story” of the late Abraham Solomon Freidus, “the man who built up the Jewish Room of the New York Public Library” was published in today’s Morning Freiheit Magazine Section.

    1944: The last transport train from Theresienstadt arrived at Birkenau with 2,038 Jews. Of them 1,589 would find their fates in the gas chambers. Also 164 Jews from Bolzano arrived at the same time and 137 of them would be gassed immediately.

    1944(11th of Cheshvan, 5705): A train from Bolzano, Italy, reaches Auschwitz with 301 prisoners. Of these, 137 are immediately gassed.

    1944(11th of Cheshvan, 5705): Forty-seven year old actor and director Kurt Gerron was gassed today along with his wife upon their arrival at Auschwitz.

    1944: Hannah Senesh, a member of the British Army was tried for treason in Budapest today by her Facist captors in direct violation of the Geneva Convention.

    1944:  Birthdate of actor Dennis Franz, known best for his role as Detective Sipowicz on NYPD Blues.

    1945:  Birthdate of Sandy Berger, National Security Advisor to President Clinton

    1945: With only eight days left before voters go to the polls to elect the Mayor of New York, Judge Johna H. Goldstein, the Republican-Liberal-Fusion nominee trails the favored candidate, William F. O’Dwyer. Goldstein had been a lifelong Democrat and according to some, his candidacy was based on the belief that he could draw Jewish votes away from O’Dwyer, the Democrat Party candidate and thus improve the chances of the third candidate, Newbold Morris. (Hey it can’t all be Talmud and Torah)

    1946: More than two thirds of the 300,000 eligible voters participated in today’s election in Palestine for the 79 delegates to the 22nd World Zionist Congress scheduled to open on December 9 in Basle, Switzerland.

    1947: English solicitor Sir David Napley and his wife the former Leah Rose Saturley gave birth to their second daughter Penelope Susan

    1947: During an interview in New York, Moshe Pomrok, a member of the Palestine Maritime League, described the steps taken to establish a maritime industry in Palestine in the eleven years since the Arabs closed the harbor of Jaffa as part of their “down to the sea” movement.  Accomplishments have included the building of a harbor at Tel Aviv, establishment of a maritime training school at Haifa, and attempts to develop interest among Jewish youth in being part of the fishing industry.  The league is now trying to gain support for a New York to Haifa shipping line based on a potential annual booking of 50,000 to 80,000 passenger a year plus a large import trade

    1947: Dalton Trumbo, who write the screenplay for “Exodus” was held in contempt by the HUAC

    1948: Dr. David De Sola Pool, the rabbi at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue and Dr. Louis Finkelstein, the President of JTS will officiate at the funeral for Rabbi Judah Magnes

    1948: In the evening, Operation Hiram, which was designed to secure the Upper Galilee began. Named after the biblical King Hiram of Tyre, the goal was to secure the Upper Galilee as far as the northern boundary of the Palestine Mandate.   The IDF is facing a Palestinian military force that does not consider itself bound UN Truce Agreements as well as regular Arab troops including units of the Syrian Army. The sixty hour operation was successful in securing part of Israel’s border

    1948: Israeli forces clear the Egyptians from the Mediterranean coastal plain to an area south of Yad Mordechai. 

    1948: Following their failed attempt to destroy the state of Israel, Egyptian forces retreated “southward from the Israeli city of Ashdod.”

    1948: The flag of Israel was adopted by the government, five months after the country’s establishment. However, the flag, which depicts a blue Star of David on a white background between two horizontal blue stripes, first appeared some 50 years before becoming a national symbol. At the core of the flag is the Star of David, which can be traced back to the medieval era where it was used for decorations, ornaments and protective amulets. Not until the 17th century did the hexagram begin to represent the Jewish community as a whole. In fact, the Jewish quarter of Vienna was formally distinguished from the rest of the city by a boundary stone having the Star of David on one side and the Christian cross on the other. In the 18th century, the Star of David represented the Jewish people in both religious and political contexts. It was only a century later that it became an international symbol when in 1891, the Zionist Movement used the Star of David to create a flag almost identical to the one we are familiar with today. During the first Zionist congress in 1897, which discussed the establishment a homeland for Jews in Palestine, several flags were considered to represent the Jewish people internationally. One of them was Theodor Herzl’s design which had seven gold stars and represented the 7-hour work quota. Another design was put forward by Morris Harris, a member of the Zionist group Hovevei Zion, who used his awning shop to design a suitable banner and decorations for the reception. His mother Lena Harris sewed the flag. It was made with two blue stripes and a large blue Star of David in the center. Ultimately, Herzl’s design failed to garner support and the latter was adopted instead as the official Zionist flag during the second international Zionist congress in 1898. Regarding the design of the flag, at the time, the Star of David seemed to be the obvious choice. However, the blue stripes were inspired by those of the Talit, the Jewish prayer shawl. Some controversy has surrounded the meaning of these stripes with certain people arguing that they secretly represent the Nile and the Euphrates Rivers, the borders of the Promised Land as described in the Bible. However, all relevant sources indicate that the Talit was the sole inspiration behind the “stripes.” In a turn of events, the flag with the symbol that was once used to identify Jews during the Nazi era at its core, has recently become the largest national symbol in the world.  In 2007, a flag measuring 660 by 100 meters and weighing 5.2 tons, was unfurled near the ancient Jewish fortress of Masada, breaking the world record for the largest flag. (As reported by Daniel Bensadolin)

    1950: The Jack Benny Show starring Jack Benny aired for the first time on television.   The show ran for 15 years which is an exceptionally long run in the world of television.  Thus the Jewish comedian Jack Benny proved to be a star in all entertainment medium – radio, film and television.

    1950: After 13 performances at the Broadhurst Theatre, the curtain came down on “Burning Bright,” produced by Rodgers and Hammerstein

    1950: Three years after its original release, “The Sin of Harold Diddlebock,” a comedy featuring Lionel Stander and Julius Tannen was re-released in the United States today.

    1951: Fifty-nine year old actress Mady Christians, who had left her native Germany because of the rise the Nazis and the treatment of the Jews and ended up being one of the few non-Jews to be Blacklisted, in part for her friendship with such people as Lillian Hellman, passed away today.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that John Blandford of UNRWA admitted that 881,600 Palestine refugees were eating out of the relief money planned for development and there was little progress in resettlement. The US, Britain, France and Turkey asked the UN for additional funds to be added to the sums already allocated. The Arab states worked diligently to create the “Arab Refugee” problem.  While Israel was busy absorbing refugees from all over the world (including Arab states), the Arabs kept the brethren penned up in camps in Gaza and other border areas.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that a well with a capacity of 88,800 gallons of water per hour was discovered near Beersheba. This is the same Beersheba where wells were dug in Biblical times.  The discovery of an additional water source in the Negev was big news.

    1953: Anna Malin conveyed title to the Temple Israel property in Leadville, CO, to Steve J. and Anna Malin

    1954: “Justice Douglas Compares Israel and U.S. Immigrant Absorption” published today described a speech in which the Supreme Court Justice  “linked Israel’s problem in absorbing immigrants from many lands with the traditional “melting pot” role of the United States in assimilating people of many races and cultures.” (As reported by JTA)

    1954: “The Rainmaker” a play by N. Richard Nash (born Nathan Richard Nusbaum) opened on Broadway at the Cort Theatre.

    1954: “Carmen Jones” the film version of the 1943 stage production directed and produced by Otto Preminger and based on a libretto by Oscar Hammerstein II was released today in the United States.

    1955: “After a border incident with Egypt around the Auja al-Hafir demilitarized zone, Golani was tasked with leading Operation Volcano, an attack on the Egyptian army in the area and the largest military operation at the time since the 1948 war”

    1955: In response to a raid by Egyptian forces on “a small Israeli outpost at Be’erotayim” two-hundred paratroopers commanded by Ariel Sharon attacked the Kuntilla outpost.

    1956: The curtain came down an Off-Broadway production of a Kurt Weill musical “Johnny Johnson” directed by Stella Adler.

    1956: Having won their opening game in September, Sid Gillman’s Los Angeles Rams lost for the fourth straight week, this time against the Detroit Lions.

    1956: The University of Miami Orchestra performedNew England Triptych” a symphonic composition by William Schuman for the first time.

    1956: Having exhausted all other options, the Israeli Cabinet agrees that IDF forces will cross the Egyptian border and attack in the Sinai Peninsula.

    1956: Units of the 202ndParatroopers Brigade moved “in a long column to the Israeli-Egyptian border.”

    1957(3rd of Cheshvan, 5718):Ernst Gräfenberg a German-born physician and scientist who is known for developing the intrauterine device (IUD), and for his studies of the role of the woman's urethra in orgasm, passed away today in New York City.  Born in 1881 at Adelebsen, Germany, he studied medicine at Göttingen and Munich. “He began working as a doctor of ophthalmology at the university of Würzburg, but then moved to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Kiel, where he published papers on cancer metastasis (the "Gräfenberg theory"), and the physiology of egg implantation. In 1910 Gräfenberg worked as a gynaecologist in Berlin, and by 1920 was most successful, with an office on the Kurfurstendamm. He was chief gynecologist of a municipal hospital in Britz, a working class Berlin district, and was beginning scientific studies of the physiology of human reproduction at Berlin University.
    During the First World War, he was a medical officer, and continued publishing papers, mostly on human female physiology. In 1929 he published his studies of the "Gräfenberg ring", the first IUD for which there are usage records. When Nazism assumed power in Germany, Gräfenberg, a Jew, was forced in 1933 to resign as head of the department of gynaecology and obstetrics in the Berlin-Britz municipal hospital. In 1934, Hans Lehfeldt attempted to persuade him to leave Nazi Germany; he refused, believing that since his practice included wives of high Nazi officials, he would be safe. He was wrong, and was arrested in 1937 for having smuggled out a valuable stamp from Germany. Margaret Sanger ransomed him from Nazi prison, and he was finally allowed to leave in 1940, whereupon he went to the US and opened a practice in New York City.

    1958: Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli becomes Pope and takes the name Pope John XXIII. John XXIII had worked to save Jews during the Holocaust.  As Pope he worked to improve relations with the Jewish People. 

    1958:Edgar D'Arcy McGreer completed his service as Canada’s Ambassador to Israel.

    1959: “Samuel Engel Elected President of Brandeis Institute of California” published today described the elevation of the famed 20th Century Fox movies producer to leadership position of this educational facility located on a 2,000 acre campus near Los Angeles under the direction of Dr. Shlomo Bardin.(JTA)

    1961: After 795 performances on Broadway the curtain came down on “Fiorello!” the Pulitzer Prize musical with lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, music by Jerry Bock and a book co-authored by Jerome Weidman.

    1962: Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich got married today “and shortly afterwards decided to write songs exclusively with each other — a decision that disappointed Barry's main writing partner, Artie Resnick.”

    1964: Over 10,000 people attend a rally in New York’s Madison Square Garden, the earliest large scale public demonstration for Soviet Jews.

    1965: In Chicago, Sharyn and Walter Gertz gave birth to Jami Gertz, the sister of Michael and Scott Gertz, who was raised in Glenview and plays Muff on Square Pegs.

    1965: Nostra Aetate, the "Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions" of the Second Vatican Council, was promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of the alleged killing of Jesus, reversing Innocent III’s declaration from 760 years ago. In short, Pope Paul VI announces that ecumenical council has decided that Jews are not collectively responsible for the killing of Christ.

    1970: “The Twelve Chairs” a comedy directed and written by Mel Brooks was released in the United States today.

    1972(20th of Cheshvan, 5733): Parashat Vayera

    1972(20th of Cheshvan, 5733): Russian born, American chemist and engineer Isaac Bencowtiz who served in the in the Infantry during WW II and became one of the “Monuments Men” in 1946 passed away today.

    1972: In St. Paul, MN, Marvin Levine, a CPA and Harriet Levine, a high school guidance counselor gave birth to Anthony Michael “Tony” Levine, a three year starter for Minnesota at wide receiver and member of the Minnesota Fighting Pike in the Arena Football who went on to pursue a career in coaching that included 4 seasons as the head coach at the University of Houston.

    1973: During the Yom Kippur “most of the heavy fighting ended” today although intermittent fighting on a small scale would continue into January of the following year.

    1973: Rabbi Max Hausen officiated at the wedding of Rachela Lea Subel and Joseph Saul Solomon at the Main Line Reform Temple.

    1973: “ Israeli and Egyptian military leaders meet to implement the cease-fire at Kilometer 101 marker in the Sinai. It is the first meeting between military representatives of the two countries in 25 years.” (JTA)

    1974: In San Juan, Puerto Rico, John Lee Bottom “a lapsed Catholic” and his wife Arlyn the daughter of Jewish immigrants from Russia and Hungary gave birth to actor Joaquin Phoenix.

    1974: In Detroit, MI,Meg (née Goldman), a writer, and writer-director Lawrence Kasdan gave birth to director Jacob "Jake" Kasdan, the brother of Jon Kasdan and the husband of Inara George.

    1975: “The 37th issue of the samizdat “Chronicle of Current Events” was circulated in the USSR” today.

    1976: Maria Slepak appealed to Senator Kennedy on behalf of Boris Chernobilsky and Iosif Ahs.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that the US had bluntly told the Arab States that Israel had demonstrated significant flexibility on procedures for the reconvening of the Geneva Peace Conference that it is now up to the Arabs to respond in kind.

    1978: “My Life,” a song by Billy Joel was released today.

    1981: “A front-page article in the Washington Post falsely reported that Leon Bass “liberated Buchenwald with an all-black unit.”

    1981: Today, Leon “Calvin” Murray, the Ohio State running back who would later convert to Orthodox Judaism was re-signed by the Philadelphia Eagles who had be drafted him and then release him earlier in the year.

    1982: In “Operetta: ‘Shulamth’ by Goldfaden” published today, the author notes that “it is just 100 years ago this year that Yiddish theater opened in America, according to its historians, and that the one Yiddish theater that is celebrating it is doing so most appropriately with a performance of Abraham Goldfaden's operetta ''Shulamith,'' first performed here in 1882, with Boris Thomashevsky.

    1987: Today, the Russian government of Mikhail Gorachev exonerated poet and essayist Osip Mandelstam of charges made in the 1930’s that he was guilty of “counter-revolutionary activities”; a charge that led to his imprisonment and mysterious death in the Gulag in 1938.

    1988(17thof Cheshvan, 5749): Eighty-four year old Andrew Howard “Andy” Cohen the New York Giant second baseman who in 1928 provided the inspiration for “Cohen At the Bat” – a parody of “Casey at the Bat that ended with “Then from the stands and bleachers the fans in triumph roared, And Andy raced to second and the other runner scored; Soon they took him home in triumph, midst the blare of auto honks, There may be no joy in Mudville, but there’s plenty in the Bronx” – passed away today

    1988: “Shalom,” a culturalsociety was formed in Moscow.

    1990(9thof Cheshvan, 5751): Ninety-nine year old Maurice B. Hexter, the native of Cincinnati, Ohio and former executive vice president of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies who first went to Jerusalem in 1929 to help with the rebuilding following destructive Arab riots passed away today. (As reported by Glenn Fowler)

     1991(20th of Cheshvan, 5752): Seventy-eight year old Sylvia Fine, the widow of Danny Kaye and a noted producer, lyricist and composer in her own right, passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)

    1995: During an opposition rally in Jerusalem’s Zion Square, a photographic montage was circulated showing Rabin in a Nazi uniform.

    1997: Eighty-two year old Paul Jarrico (born Israel Shapiro) the blacklisted screenwriter passed away today.

    1997: In a letter with today’s date, Holocaust denier David “Irving threatened to sue John Lukacs for libel if he published his book, The Hitler of Historywithout removing certain passages highly critical of Irving's work” – a threat that delayed the publication of the book in the United Kingdom.

    1998(8thof Cheshvan, 5759): Seventy-one  year old James Goldman the screenwriter and playwright whose most noted work may have been “The Lion in Winter” and who was the brother of William Goldman, passed away today in New York.

    2000: The Battered Immigrant Women Protection Act introduced by Illinois Congresswoman Jan Schakowsky became law.

    2000: The BBC broadcast “King Death” the 5th episode of “A History of Britain is a documentary series written and presented by Simon Schama.”

    2001:The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interesting including The Death of Comedyby Erich Segal and The Brother:The Untold Story of Atomic Spy David Greenglass and How He Sent His Sister, Ethel Rosenberg, to the Electric Chair by Sam Roberts.

    2001(11th of Cheshvan, 5762):St.-Sgt. Yaniv Levy, 22, of Zichron Yaakov was killed by Palestinian terrorists in a drive-by machine-gun ambush near Kibbutz Metzer in northern Israel. The Tanzim wing of Arafat's Fatah faction claimed responsibility for the murder.

    2001(11th of Cheshvan, 5762):Ayala Levy, 39, of Elyachin; Smadar Levy, 23, of Hadera; Lydia Marko, 63, of Givat Ada; and Sima Menahem, 30, of Zichron Yaakov were killed when two Palestinian terrorists, members of the Palestinian police, armed with assault rifles and expanding bullets, opened fire from a vehicle on Israeli pedestrians at a crowded bus-stop in downtown Hadera. About 40 were wounded, three critically. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsiblity for the attack.

    2001(11th of Cheshvan, 5762):Listening to the horror unfold over his cellphone, Asher Kilgor heard the staccato fire of Palestinian gunmen cutting down his fiancée, Sima Menachem, on her way home from work today. In an interview with the Jerusalem Post following the terrorist attack, Kilgor said “he was waiting at a bus stop here for her return from her job as a secretary in a law office in the nearby city of Hadera. Ms. Menachem's 8-year-old daughter was waiting with him at the bus stop. ''She always took the 1:55 p.m. bus from Hadera,'' Mr. Kilgor said. ''At 2:30, I called her and she told me that the bus was late, then she called back to say that she would take a taxi.''''Two minutes later, I got another call, and all I heard was shots and screams,'' Mr. Kilgor continued. ''I think she called to tell me something was happening. I heard bursts of gunfire. I shouted into the phone until the call was disconnected. I called back, but the phone was not in service. I called the police station, and they said there had been an attack in Hadera.'' Ms. Menachem was one of four Israeli women killed when two Palestinian gunmen in a sport utility vehicle opened fire with M-16 rifles near a bus stop on Hadera's main street, riddling dozens of commuters and pedestrians with bullets. The gunmen, from the militant group Islamic Holy War, were killed by the police. More than 30 people were injured in the attack. Ms. Menachem, 30, had met Mr. Kilgor, 33, a police officer, four years ago. They moved in together, raising two daughters from her first marriage and a third of their own in this picturesque hill town overlooking the Mediterranean. They had planned to marry in a month, but instead Mr. Kilgor stood grief-stricken today at Ms. Menachem's wreath-covered grave. Surrounded by her wailing sisters and mother, Ms. Menachem was buried here today. They remembered her as a dynamic woman with an easy laugh who liked to dress well, and most of all loved to be at home with her children. ''You were a victim of the terrible price in blood exacted by life here,'' a sister said in her farewell. The other victims were also killed on their daily rounds. Lidya Marko, 63, was heading home from a dental appointment. Smadar Levy, 23, a medical secretary, was on her way to work. Ayala Levy, 39, was returning from her job as an assistant kindergarten teacher. The seats at the bus stop where they died were covered with memorial candles and flowers today. Bullet holes still scarred the bus shelter, but pockmarks left by the bullets in a nearby library building had already been filled in an effort to erase traces of the attack and get back to normal as quickly as possible. Across the street, Oz Zahavian, 24, sat in his health and beauty aids shop. He had seen it all from his seat, he said, and it was hard to go back to business as usual. ''I keep seeing the pictures in my head,'' he said. ''Teenage girls hit in the legs and chest, a girl whose leg was shattered, and someone crying: 'I want to walk. I don't want to be a cripple.''The shock waves of the attack emptied downtown Hadera today.” There were few people on the sidewalks, and traffic was light. ''It's impossible to get back to normal the next day, if at all,'' Mr. Zahavian said.

    2001: “Delivering Milo” starring Anton Yelchin in the title role was released to by Hanover House in the United States.

    2001: “Donnie Darko” a sci-fi film that premiered at Sundance ten months ago starring Jake Gyllenhaal and Maggie Gyllenhaal and featuring Seth Rogen was released in the United States today.

    2003: At the “Visas For Life” Reception at the U.S. State Department, Colin Powell met with Abigail Endicott and Robert Kim Bingham to honor their father Hiram Bingham IV who as U.S. Vice Consul defied government orders and saved a large number of refugees from the Nazis and the Holocuast.

    2003: Illinois attorney Stuart Levine is the guest of honor at a lavish reception hosted by the “Friends of Israel Defense Force.”  In 2008, Levine will plead guilty to a variety of charges and became a key witness in a major political bribery trial.

    2003:The incumbent mayors of most cities and towns were voted back into office in today's municipal elections, but the Likud lost control of several important cities, including Bat Yam, Rosh Ha'ayin, Dimona, Hod Hasharon, Eilat and Kiryat Malachi. 

    2003:The BBC Reports that an organization in Israel has gained rabbinical approval to train pigs to guard Jewish settlements in the West Bank.

    2003:Colin Powell meets Abigail Endicott and Robert Kim Bingham to honor their father Hiram Bingham IV, who did so much to rescue people from Hitler’s Europe, at the "Visas For Life" Reception, State Department

    2004:The World Jewish Film Festival, the first of its kind in Israel and the Jewish world opens in Tel Aviv.

    2005: Newspapers reported that response to Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's call for Israel to be "wiped off the map" has been uniformly negative. 

    2005: As part of the Plame Affair Lewis Libby vice president Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, is indicted by federal prosecutors. Libby resigns later that day. Valerie Palme and Lewis Libby are both Jewish.

    2005: “The Weatherman” a mid-life crisis dark comedy produced by Steve Tisch with music by Hans Zimmer was released in the United States by Paramount Pictures.

    2006: An exhibition in Abbot Hall Art Gallery in England, “David Bomberg: Spirit in Mass” came to an end.

    2006: Bettye Ackerman who played Dr. Maggie Graham in the medical television series “Ben Casey” and who was the wide of Sam Jaffe suffered a stroke today.

    2006(6th of Cheshvan, 5767): Red Auerbach, the man many believe was the greatest professional basketball coach of all times, passed away. (As reported by Matt Schudel)

    2007:Premiere performance of Jay "Bluejay" Greenberg's Violin Concerto at Carnegie Hall.

    2007: New York’s Erez Safar celebrates the launch of his new website called Shemspeed ( with a gala event in Los Angeles.

    2007: The Sunday New York Times features reviews of the following books by Jewish authors and/or that featured Jewish topics including The Rest Is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth Century by Alex Ross, Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brainby Oliver Sacks who was dubbed "the poet laureate of medicine" by the New York Times,  a biography of Ervin Nyiregyhazi entitled Lost Genius:The Curious and Tragic Story of an Extraordinary Musical Prodigy by Kevin Bazzana, Gentlemen of the Road by Michael Chabon author of The Yiddish Policemen’s Union  one of the dumbest books ever written at least by a Jewish author on a Jewish topic.

    2007: The Washington Post features reviews of the following books by Jewish authors and/or that featured Jewish topics including Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brainby Dr. Oliver Sacks, The Museum of Dr. Moses by Joyce Carol Oates, In Among the Righteous: Lost Stories From the Holocaust's Long Reach Into Arab Lands, Robert Satloff’s search throughout the Middle East for evidence that Arabs helped Jews during World War II. "Satloff's efforts to tell the story of Arab behavior -- both complicity and heroism -- during the Holocaust are important."

    2007: The Chicago Tribune reports on the controversy surrounding the introduction of Mishkan T’filah, the new prayer book for the Reform Movement in an article entitled “Prayer book ignites debate” featuring an interview with Rabbi Peter Knobel , the Evanston, Illinois rabbi who heads the rabbinical group that publishes the movement’s liturgy.

    2007: In NewOrleans sees resurgence of Jewish life in Hurricane Katrina Aftermath,” published today Anshel Pfeffer describes conditions in the Crescent City two years after if endured the worst aquatic disaster since the days of Noah:


    2008: In Little Rock, Arkansas, Bat Mitzvah of Rochel, daughter of Rabbi Pinchus and Estie Ciment.  The Lamplighters provide yet another spark – Mazel Tov.

    2008: Rabbi Yehuda Amital retired as Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Har Etzion

    2008: Rabbi Mosheh Lichtenstein, the son of Rabbi Aharon Lichtenstein officially assumed the position as Co-Rosh Yeshiva at Yeshivat Har Etzion

    2009: Morris Dickstein discusses and signs Dancing in the Dark: A Cultural History of the Great Depression at Politics and Prose Bookstore in Washington, D.C.

    2009:The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival comes to a close on, with the presentation of the annual Gerald L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture, "Current Israeli Myths and Realities: The Way to Peace," by Howard M. Sachar, author of A History of Jews in the Modern World.

    2009:Astronomers said today that a race halfway across the universe had ended in a virtual tie. And so the champion is still Albert Einstein — for now. The race was between gamma rays of differing energies and wavelengths spit in a burst from an exploding star when the universe was half its present age.

    2009(10th of Cheshvan, 5770): Just months before celebrating his 100th birthday British epidemiologist Jeremy N. Morris passed away today. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

    2010(20th of Cheshvan, 5771): Seventy six year old Ehud Netzer, “one of Israel’s best-known archeologists who unearthed King Herod’s tomb near Bethlehem three years ago, died today after being injured in a fall at the site.(As reported by Ethan Bronner)

    2010(20th of Cheshvan, 5771): Eighty-seven year old actor Robert “Bob” Ellenstein the son of two-time Mayor of Newark Meyer Ellenstein, passed away today in Los Angeles.

    2010:Center for Jewish History and Leo Baeck Institute is scheduled to present: Chamber Music of Mozart, Brahms and Schubert that will include a web-based essay on the lives of Jews in Germany in the 18th and 19th centuries with material drawn from the archives of the Leo Baeck Institute.

    2010:Jonathan D. Sarna is scheduled to deliver an address entitled Ulysses S. Grant and the Jews: A New Look at Tulane University sponsored by the Jewish Studies Program.

    2010:A team from The Israel Forum for International Humanitarian Aid (IsraAID) will leave Israel today to assess the progress of IsraAID's programs in Haiti, as well as present its work in an exhibit using the IDF hospital tent in the upcoming Jewish Federation General Assembly in New Orleans.  The team is going despite the current cholera outbreak.

    2010: Debbie Rosenbloom and her husband David Levin are among those taking part in the first Israeli version of the Susan G. Koman Walk for the Cure.

    2011(30th of Tishrei, 5772): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    2011:Wendy Perron, the Editor in Chief of Dance Magazine, is scheduled to lead a panel delving into the Diaspora of Israeli Dance as part of Fall for Dance DanceTalk, a free pre-performance panel discussion series. Panelists include Zvi Gotheiner, Saar Harari, Neta Pulvermacher, and Noa Wertheim. The panel will explore the many ways that the Israeli aesthetic is influencing dance internationally and how it has impacted these choreographers.

    2011: Louis B. James is scheduled to present “Poison,” Deville Cohen’s first solo exhibition in New York City.

    2011:Israel prepared to send emergency aid to Thailand today, in response to violent flooding that has killed 377 since July.

    2011:Hundreds of Palestinians clashed with the IDF and security forces in a number of locations in the West Bank..

    2012: The Yeshiva University Museum is scheduled to sponsor a symposium titled “The Mystery and History of the Eruv.”

    2012(12th of Cheshvan 5773): Fifty-nine year old Larry Bloch “who built the Wetlands Preserve in TriBeCa into an influential rock club and a hub of environmental activism” passed away today. (As reported by James C. McKinley, Jr)

    2012: Erika Dreifus reviewed The Curse of Gurs by Werner L. Frank.

    2012: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host The Ruth Spector Memorial Mah Jongg Tournament.

    20212 “Forty Years on the Bimah,” a retreat organized by Leah Novick “the oldest woman rabbi” opened today at Mount Madonna Center.

    2012:The Kobi Arad Band is scheduled to present “a jazz tribute show as part of the City Winery's 'Klezmer Brunch' series to the legendary Jewish-Moroccan mystic Baba Sali.”

    2012: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback edition of Louis D. Brandeis: A Life by Melvin I. Urofsky

    2012: The Jewish Endowment Foundation of Louisiana is scheduled to present The Tzedakah Award to the Bart Family at a brunch in New Orleans, LA.

    2012: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the murder of Yitzhak Rabin “one of the worst crimes of the new age,” during his opening remarks to the weekly Cabinet meeting today.

    2012: The government unanimously approved a plan to bolster fortifications for all Israeli localities between 4.5 km and 7 km of the Gaza Strip, according to Israel Radio, as ongoing rocket fire from the Hamas-run enclave once again forced southern residents into bomb shelters.

    2012: In anticipation of superstorm Sandy the 14thStreet Y closed today at 4 pm.

    2012:Egyptian authorities confiscated some 1.7 million documents reportedly proving Jewish ownership of land and assets in Cairo. The documents were reportedly about to be shipped out of the country to Israel, in what the Egyptian daily Al-Ahram is calling “the most dangerous case of security breach in history.” The documents were found in 13 large cases, ready to be transported to Jordan and from there to Israel, Egyptian media reported today

    2013: In the UK, The Wiener Library an evening with Thomas Harding, author of Hans and Rudolf: The German Jews and the Hunt for the Kommandant of Auschwitz.

    2013: The Jewish National Fund National Conference being held in Denver, CO, is scheduled to come to an end.

    2013: Israeli violinist Vadim Gluzman is among those scheduled to perform at Good Shepherd Church in NYC.

    2013:The “Red Alert” siren was heard early this morning in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council and in communities in the Gaza belt. Residents reported hearing several explosions, as the Iron Dome anti-missile system intercepted at least two rockets that were fired by Gaza terrorists towards southern Israel.

    2013: Gaza-based terrorists fired four rockets at southern Israel early this morning. The Iron Dome anti-missile system intercepted one of the rockets, and the other three exploded in open areas. There were no physical injuries or damages.

    2013: Women of the Wall presented a list of 16 conditions today under which it would move its monthly prayer service to a third, egalitarian section of the Western Wall’s plaza

    2014: The “core exhibition of the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews” is scheduled to open today.

    2014: The reconstructed ceiling of the destroyed wooden Gwozdziec Synagogue is scheduled to be unveiled today.

    2014: The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is scheduled to host The Bernard Wexler Lecture on Jewish History featuring Martin Goldsmith, author of Alex’s Wake: A Voyage of Betrayal and a Journey of Remembrance

    2014: The University of Connecticut is scheduled to host the Louis J. Kuriansky Annual Conference: The Dangerous Neighborhood of the Middle East, with Dr. Bruce Hoffman and Dr. Michael Rubin

    2014: Jeffrey Burds, associate professor of history at Northeastern University is scheduled to deliver The Joseph and Rebecca Meyerhoff Annual Lecture speaking on “Communist Collaborators and German Occupation in the Soviet Union during the Holocaust, 1941-43.”

    2014: “Support for Hamas and for armed struggle against Israel is gaining popularity in the Palestinian territories, a new survey showed today, despite languishing rehabilitation efforts in the war-battered Gaza Strip. (As reported by Avi Issacharoff)

    2014: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today lashed out at international condemnation of plans to build new housing in East Jerusalem, voicing his own unique view that “the criticism, and not the building, was pushing peace further away.” (Based on reports by Joshua Davidovich)

    2015: Due to have heavy storms, 15,000 homes in Israel without power and the traffic light system in parts of Tel Aviv have cease function. (As reported by Raanan Ben Zur and Gilad Morag)

    2015: The funeral was held today for Richard Larkin, the American who had made Aliyah and worked to improve relations between Moslems and Jews but ironically was murdered by a terrorist while traveling on a bus in Jerusalem.

    2015: In Atlanta, GA, The Breman Museum is scheduled to host a tour of “Historic Oakland Cemetery’ which will included an exploration of “the history, burial customs, and symbolism found throughout the Jewish Grounds of this powerful city landmark.”

    2015: “Besa: The Promise” is scheduled to be shown tonight at the Jewish Arts & Film Festival of Fairfield County, Ct.

    2015: In Little Rock, Lubavitch of Arkansas is scheduled to host the first session “Journey of the Soul – exploring its journey through life, death and beyond.”
    2015: The 16th Annual Rutgers Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to begin tonight.”

    2015: An opening night gala is scheduled to be held this evening marking the opening of the 29th Israel Film Festival in Los Angeles.

    2015: The portrait of radio host Joan Hamburg was unveiled tonight at Sardi’s.

    2015: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to present “Dennis Shasha one of the editors of Iraq’s Last Jews, who will present recollections from this remarkable collection of first-person accounts.”

    2016: “Jew Vs. Malta” a play inspired by Marlowe’s “The Jew of Malta: is scheduled to open at The Club at LaMaMa.

    2016: “The daily newspaper Haaretz announced that senior columnist Ari Shavit will take a “time out from his journalistic work” amid sexual assault allegations.” (As reported by Sharon Bareket)

    2016: “Finding Babel” is scheduled to open in New York.

    2016: Homecoming weekend is scheduled to begin at Tulane University, home of the Jewish Studies Department chaired by Dr. Brian Horowitz whose newest book is Vladmir Jabotinsky: Story of My Life

    2016: Tulane Hillel is scheduled to host a Homecoming reception at its Broadway facility while Tulane Chabad is scheduled to host a four course Shabbat dinner.

    2016: Ephraim Sneh, the son of Moshe Sneh was among those who disputed the veracity of the list of Israeli leaders who listed as KGB in an article published today in Yediot Acharonot.
    2017(8th of Cheshvan, 5778): Parashat Lech-Lecha;

    2017: The Maccabeats are scheduled to perform a Havdalah Concert at the Watford Colosseum in London.

    2017: Holocaust survivor George Levy Mueller whose “father and uncle were arrested and taken to Sachsenhausen  Concentration Camp after Kristallnacht is scheduled to tell his tale of survivor at the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center.

    2017: At Oxford Rabbis Michael or Tracey Rosenfeld-Schueler are scheduled to a lunch just for “Undegrad Freshers”

    2017: “ShabbatUK” which involved more than 100,000 people in 100 communities in 2016 is scheduled to continue for a second and final day.

    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society, Jonah Dov Cowen is scheduled to lead a session on Pirkei Avot followed by Ma’ariv and a musical Havdalah led by Bertie Green

    2018: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Kafka’s Last Trial: The Case of a Literary Legacy by Benjamin Balint and the recently released paperback edition of A Bold and Dangerous Family: The Remarkable Story of an Italian Mother, Her Two Sons and Their Fight Against Fascism by Caroline Moorehead

    2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host a screening of “NANA,” “a feature-length transgenerational documentary” in which “filmmaker Serena Dyamant retraces the Auschwitz survival story of her grandmother, Maryla Michalowski-Dymamant.”

    2018: At part of the “Home: Lens on Israel” series, the Temple Emanuel Streicker Center is scheduled to open the photographic exhibition “Moroccan Jews Outside Haifa.”

    2018: “The 2018 Conference on Jews and Conservatism” which included a tribute to the late Charles Krauthammer is scheduled to be held today in New York City

    2018: “Budget airline Wizz Air” is scheduled to launch “ a regular flight from Luton to Eliat” today.

    2018: The Center for Jewish History, American Jewish Historical Society, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research & American Friends of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra are scheduled to host “Broadway performer Alexandra Silber” and “Leonard Bernstein’s eldest daughter, Jamie Bernstein, as she discusses her new book, Famous Father Girl: A Memoir of Growing Up Bernstein

    2018: After two months, “Hershey Felder as Irving Berlin” is schedule to close at 59E59Theatres in New York.

    2018: “The Criminal Complaint and Supporting Affidavit” that include the 29 charges filed against Robert Bowers for his role in the Shabbat Massacre in Pittsburgh which has claimed the lives of at least people attending services is scheduled to be released at nine o’clock this morning.

    2018: Less than two weeks before the observance the 80thanniversary of Kristallnacht, Jews awake this morning to the reality that ant-Semitic speech leads to anti-Semitic deeds and that killing Jews is still acceptable behavior in certain segments of our society.





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    OCTOBER 29

    539 BCE:  On the secular calendar, Babylonfell to Cyrus the Great of Persia.  This is a significant date because it marked the start of the return of the exiles to Eretz Israelwhere the SecondTemple would be built.

    969: Byzantine troops occupy Antioch which was then part of Syria but would become part of Turkey in the 20th century. Antioch is one of the oldest cities in the world having been founded in the 4th century BCE by one of Alexander the Great’s generals.  Over the centuries, control of the city changed hands many times. The Arabs had conquered the city during the 7th century and held it until the Byzantine returned in the 10th century. At one time, Antioch would appear to have had a thriving Jewish community.  However, Emperor Pochas tried to force the Jews to convert to Christianity in the first decade of the 7thcentury and when the Jews resisted most of them were either killed or forced into exile. Little is heard about them until the latter part of the 12thcentury when Benjamin of Tudela reported that there were approximately ten Jewish families living in the city, most of whom were engaged in the glass making industry.

    1422: Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France, the monarch who had banished the Jews from France.

    1462: Jews were expelled from Mainz, Germany.

    1486:Obadiah ben Abraham of Bertinoro, who had served as the rabbi in Bertinoro and Castello, left Italy and began the journey that would lead him to Jerusalem two years later.  He was a student of Joseph Colon Trabotto and authored a commentary on the Mishnah.

    1626: Vincent II, whom “Jewish violinist and composer” Salamone Rossi served as Concert Master, began his reign as Duke of Mantua.

    1757: “In order to stimulate manufacturing in his realm” while taking advantage of the lack of civil rights accorded to the Jews, Frederick the Great of Prussia decreed “that no Jews should receive new priviliges unless they promised to start factories” and that any Jew who started a new factory would be permitted to “register an additional child.”

    1741: Handel completed the third and final act of his oratorio “Samson” which was based on the tale told in chapter 16 of the Book of Judges.

    1811: Birthdate of New York native and “commission merchant” Emanuel B. Hart, the New York City Alderman and member of the House of Representatives who also served as a Lt. Col. in the state militia and Surveyor of the Port of New York.

    1824: Birthdate of Thomas Francis Bayard, who as “President Cleveland’s Secretary of State” in 1885 wrote to the U.S. charge d’affairs in Vienna expressing his disgust with the government of Austria-Hungary’s refusal to accept Anthony M Keiley as the American minister “on the ground of his wife being a Jewess.”

    1831: Birthdate of Leopold Sonnemann the “publisher and editor of the Frankfurter Zeitung” and founding member of the German People’s Party.

    1832: Solomon Samuel married Frances Israel at the Western Synagogue today.

    1833: All Jews except for peddlers and petty traders were granted civic equality in the Germanic domain called Hesse-Cassel. The remainder of Germany took nearly forty years to follow suit.

    1843(5th of Cheshvan, 5604): Sixty-nine year old Nathan Rubino, the son of Minkel and Ruben Moses Rubino passed away.

    1844: In Vienna Charlotte and Anselm von Rothschild gave birth to the youngest child Albert Salomon von Rothschild nicknamed “Salbert.”

    1844: Birthdate of Siegfried Goldschmidt the native of Cassel who earned a Ph.D before serving as a volunteer in the Franco-Prussian War after which “he was appointed assistant professor of the newly created University of Strasburg.”

    1845: Israel Beer Josafat, a native of Kassel, Germany, “moved to London, where he called himself Joseph Josephat.”  By the end of the next month he would be known as Paul Julius Reuter, the founder of Reuters News Agency.

    1847: In New York Lewis and Augusta Feuchtwanger gave birth to Charles Feuchtwanger

    1850: In Dubrouna, Alexander Sender Frumkin and his wife gave birth to Israel Dov Frumkin who moved to Jerusalem at the age of 9 where he became a Hebrew author and journalist.

    1851(3rdof Cheshvan, 5611): Rebbe Yisrael of Ruzhin the leader of the Sadigur Chassidus passed away today.

    1854: Birthdate of Samuel Sale, the native of Louisville, KY who served as the rabbi for Congregation Shaare Emeth in St. Louis for 32 years.

    1862: The New York Times reported that at Harper's Ferry Provost-Marshal Howe has “seized a gang of counterfeiters and one hundred and thirty gallons of whisky, and turned out fifty-eight Jew traders during the last week.”

    1857: Birthdate of Konrad Haebler the German born linguist and librarian whose works included studies on early Hebrew printers and Hebrew books.

    1860: Two days after he had passed away, London native Edward Salamon, the husband of Henrietta Levien with whom he had seven children, was buried today at the “Rockwood Cemetery, Rockwood, New South Wales, Australia

    1860: In McGregor, IA, the town’s first Jewish settler, “Mr. B. Strauss, a prosperous and prominent citizen” “was one of the founders and a charter member of Clayton Chapter No. 27” of the Masons which was “organized” today.

    1861:  Second Lieutenant Isaac B. Kauffman who would die in 1862 of wounds sustained at Moore’s Hill, KY, began his service with Company H of the 92nd Regiment of the Ninth Cavalry.

    1863: When the Superior Court heard the case of Richard Escott vs. John J. Crane et al a civil suit involving an opera company and whether it had performed at the level expected “a gentleman of the Hebrew persuasion, experienced in music and old clothes, enlightened the jurors in regard to the value of the wardrobe and voices of the members of the troupe, all of which he pronounced to be second class. While Jews could be maligned as “Chatham Street peddlers,” they also could be called as “expert witnesses” in breach of contract litigation.

    1863: “The New Jewish Orphan Asylum” published today described the efforts to build a new Jewish Orphan Asylum in New York which “has been constructed under the auspices of the Hebrew Benevolent Society, into which the German Hebrew Benevolent Society was merged in 1859.” Construction of the asylum, which is almost completed, began in August of 1862 and the cornerstone was laid on September 30 of that year.  The building is located on 77thStreet and can accommodate 200 orphans.  The fifty thousand dollars required to construct the asylum was raised by the Building Committee whose membership included Messrs. M. Rossman, Philip Frankenheimer, Samuel Hackes, Jacob Goldsmith, Henry Lewis, H.B. Herts, Jr., S.M. Cohen, M. Cooper, W. Heller and Seligman Adler. The pride felt by the Jewish community can be seen when looks above the doorway and sees an arched slab bearing the inscription, "Hebrew Orphan Asylum;" and in the centers of each of the projecting gables is a Mogen David, or David's shield, of double triangles, with the date "1862"

    1863: During the Civil War, the 15th Kentucky Cavalry that had been formed a year ago under the command Lt. Col. Gabriel Netter, a Jewish supporter of the Union, was mustered out of service.

    1864(29th of Tishrei, 5625): Sixty-three year old Simcha Pinkser the orientalist who deciphered the Karaite Manuscripts belonging to Abraham Firkowitz  and who was the father of Judah Leib Pinsker passed away today in Odessa, Russi

    1865: In Philadelphia, the Independent Order of Free Sons Israel organized the Ephraim Lodge – the third lodge formed in the City of Brotherly Love this year – today.

    1872: In Brussels, a meeting is scheduled to be held today in local synagogue that will discuss ways of dealing with the plight of the oppressed Jews of Romania.  The Israelite Alliance in Berlin had called for such a meeting which has attracted delegated from Belgium, Great Britain, German, Holland, France and Austria.  Among those attending are Sir Moses Montefiore and Adolphe Crémieux. Among the proposed solutions would be support for wholesale immigration of Romanian Jews to “civilized countries.”

    1874: “A protocol was signed between the United States and the Sublime Porte allowing Americans to acquire legal title to land in Palestine.”

    1874: Birthdate of St. Louis native and American Orientalist William Popper who earned his Ph.D. at Columbia under Dr. Richard Gotthel and was the wife of Tess Magness, the sister of Dr. Judah L. Magness.

    1875(30th of Tishrei, 5636): Rosh Chodesh Chesvan

    1875(30th of Tishrei, 5636): Marks Abrams passed away today after which he was buried in the Tree of Life Cemetery in Sharpsburg, PA.

    1875: It was reported that John Morrisey, the anti-Tammany Hall candidate for the New York State Senate had addressed a crowd of more than 400 people “at the head-quarters of the Hebrew Ant-Tammany Club of the Fourth Senatorial District.”  [In the rough and tumble world of New York City politics, Jews could be found supporting the Tammany Democratic Party Machine and opposing it.  Some like Morrisey who was Irish, began as Tammany supporters and then switched to other side. The important thing is that Jews were involved in all aspects of the political process which is one of the things that separates the American Jewish Experience from the earlier history of the Wandering Jews.]

    1879: In New York City, the Commissioners of Emigration received a letter from the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society offering to provide for the Curriak children, the offspring of Polish Jew who has already arrived in the United States.  While the oldest boy is now with his father, the other children are so covered with sore that the medical authorities at Castle Garden said it will take two months to cure them. [This was one of the first public acts by the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society which had been formed in September of 1879.  The officers and workers were all Jewish women; most of whom might be called Uptown Jews.  The Society had been formed to protect the poor Jewish children of the city, many of whose parents could not provide them with the basics of life.]

    1879:  Birthdate Lev Davidovich who gained fame as LeonTrotsky the Communist leader who turned his back on the Jewish people and became the number two man in the Bolshevik Revolution.  As the father of the Red Army he saved the Communists from defeat by invading armies as well as the Whites who supported the Czar.  Trostky would lose out in to Stalin for the role as Lenin’s successor.  He would be forced to flee the Soviet Union ending up in Mexico where Stalin would have him murdered in 1940.

    1880: Birthdate of Soviet physicist Abram Ioffe.

    1881: Birthdate of Vilna native Arthur Lyon Malkenson, who in 1896 came to the United States in 1896 where he graduated from CCNY and earned a laws degree from NYU after which he pursued a care in journalism which led to him serving as “president and publisher of “The Jewish Morning Journal” while raising a family of five children with his wife “Freda Friedkin Malenson.”

    1881: Justice Flammer is scheduled to hear more evidence in the case of Mrs. Amelia Goldberg who claims that she is the wife of John A. Goldberg.  The destitute Mrs. Goldberg was found wandering the streets. John Goldberg, a successful businessman from England said he had been married to her but that he had received a divorce decree from a rabbinic court in UK based on charges of adultery

    1881: It was reported today that “no Conservative or Anti-Semitic candidate received enough votes” in the first round of voting for members of the Reichstag to advance to the second ballot.  Herr Ernst “Henrici, the notorious Jew-baiter, only received 800 votes out of a possible 40,000 votes.

    1882: “Wished To Buy Heavenly Bliss” published today recounts the case of Harris Udovitch and Louis Cohen, two Jews living in Troy, NY.  Udovitch has been jailed on charges having struck Cohen’s wife during a dispute stemming from “Cohen’s refusal to sell his credit with heaven to Udovitch for $150.”  The term “credit with heaven” is normally interpreted to mean “Good deeds that buy the future world.”  There are some “ignorant orthodox Jews” who believe they can “buy the benefits of another man’s good deeds.”

    1883: It was reported today that in the last 17 months the Board of Relief of the United Hebrew Charities have provided assistance to 12,000 individuals.  The organization has helped 1.047 settle in other parts of the United States at a cost of $8,247.26 and spent $3,413.13 to bury 450 individuals.

    1883: “Cohen and Aaron” published today described recent events in a London courtroom where Lewis Cohen convinced a judge to excuse him from serving on a Coroner’s Jury because “he was a lineal descendant of the original Aaron, the great high priest of the Jews. While the Judge offered no explanation as to why he believed the claim, concern has been expressed that Jews in England and the United States will invoke this claim as a way to avoid all forms of public service.

    1884:  Birthdate of Fred Lazarus, Jr. The grandson of a rabbi who began a small retail establishment in pre-Civil War Cincinnati, Lazarus parlayed his family’s commercial ventures into the retail giant known as Federated Department Stores.  The only Jew who had a greater impact on the celebration of Christmas in the United Statesthan Fred Lazarus, Jr. would have been Jesus himself. During the Great Depression, he convinced President Franklin Roosevelt that changing the Thanksgiving holiday from the last Thursday of November to the fourth Thursday, extending the Christmas shopping season, would be good for the nation's business. A 1941 Act of Congress perpetuated the arrangement. No other Jew besides Jesus may have had as big an impact on the celebration of Christmas as did Lazarus may have had the biggest impact on the Christmas  This American merchandiser and philanthropist passed away in May, 1973.

    1885: The annual meeting of the United Hebrew Charities of the City of New York took place tonight at 58 St. Mark’s Place.

    1886: It was reported today that Henry George, the social reformer and author of a “single tax plan” delivered a lecture on “Moses” to a group of Jewish supporters.

    1888: The meeting of the United Hebrew Charities of New York was held at Temple Emanu-El tonight.

    1888: “The Glory of the Jew” published today described a lecture by Rabbi Leon Harrison at Temple Israel where his subject was “Is It A Misfortune to be a Jew?” --- which he answers in the negative since “according to Disraeli” the Jew is “the true conqueror of the world.”

    1889: “A Splendid Exhibit” published today included a summary of the work of the United Hebrew Charities which showed “that the Hebrews of New York take commendable care of their worthy poor from the cradle to the grave.”

    1889: George B. Herzig presided over a meeting of the Alumni Association of Ahavath Chesed, located at 55th Street and Lexington Avenue.

    1889: Sir Julian Goldsmid, the prominent Anglo-Jewish leader, was the center of attention at a dinner held in his honor at Delmonico’s in New York City.

    1889: “The Broadway Theatre” published today provided a review of new production of “The Merchant of Venice” starring Edwin Booth as Shylock.  “Booth’s Shylock is a well-known performance of the character and the best that this generation has seen or is likely to seek.” Shylock’s most famous scene centers around his encounter with Venetians and “here Booth depicts the conflicting passions of the Jew with greater force and mare variety of expression…than any other actor of our time.”

    1890: It was reported today that given the “anti-Semtic feeling of the government and the public the existing regulations” aimed at the Jews “will be applied with the utmost vigor” while the nation awaits further anti-Semitic laws.

    1891: At Temple Beth-El in New York, President Henry Rice, who is also Chairman of the Executive Committee, presided over the seventeenth annual meeting of the United Hebrew Charities which opened with him reading “the reports showing the work of the various departments of relief in 1891.”

    1891: As of today, the Russian Refugee Fund has grown from $28,000 to $58,000 of which $5,000 has been spent on bringing needy Russian Jews to the United States for whom the United Hebrew Charities has secured jobs.

    1891: Hungarian Jewish immigrant Rose Stern and Charles Borach, New York saloon owners gave birth to their third child Fania Borach who gained fame as “Fanny Brice.” In 1908, she dropped out of school to work in a burlesque review. She is best known for her association with Florenz Ziegfeld, and headlined his Ziegfield Follies starting in 1910 and continuing into the 1930s. During the late 1930s, she had her own radio show which featured her as a bratty toddler known as "Baby Snooks".  The multitalented entertainer passed away in May of 1951.

    1892: Abram L. Levy of the Hebrew World was elected vice president of Metropolitan Press Club which was formed by 14 young editors who gathered for the first time at parlor 22 of the New York Hotel.

    1892 Birthdate of author Abraham Bernard Levy, the son of tailor from Hull (UK) whose works included In Search of East End,  The Sephardim: A problem of survival? and Friday night: A Jewish Chronicle anthology co-authored by William Frankel.

    1892(8thof Cheshvan, 5653): Sixty-nine year old “Austrian historian” Gerson Wolf passed away today in Vienna.

    1893: “The First Woman Rabbi” published today provided a portrait of Miss Rachel or Miss Ray Frank, the California native who is studying at Hebrew Union College who plans on “becoming the first woman rabbi in the world.”

    1893: “Biblical Romance” published today provides a brief review of The Son of A Prophet in which George Anson Jackson develops a story that revolves around Eleazar Ben Shammah which portrays love as it was displayed “in the age of Solomon.”

    1893: “A Memorial For Rebecca Gratz” published today described $100,000 bequest from the late Hyman Gratz to Congregation Mikve Israel in Philadelphia that is to be used “for the establishment and support for a college” to be operated by the Sephardic congregation in memory of his sister Rebecca Gratz.

    1893: It was reported today that Charles Frohman, the Jewish impresario, has canceled any further performances of “The Younger Son” which opened last week.

    1893: In San Francisco, “Rosalie Meyer and Sigmund Stern,” “the president of Levi Strauss and Co. and nephew of Levi Strauss gave birth Elsie Stern who became Elsie Haas, when she “married Walter Abraham Strauss, the President of Levi Strauss and Co. with whom she “had three children – Walter A. Jr, Peter and Wanda.

    1893: Richard Mansfield’s portrayal of Shylock in the Merchant of Venice appearing at Hermman’s in New York is described by reviewers as “one of his most artistic efforts” and “assuredly” one of his most “popular.”  (The role of Shylock became one of Mansfield’s signature Shakesperian character portrayals.)

    1894: The anti-Semitic newspaper La Libre Parole appeared with the headline: “Arrest of the Jewish Officer A. Dreyfus.  The editor of the paper, Edouard Drumont, would fill subsequent editions of the paper with lurid “facts” detailing the “confirmed evidence against the Jewish traitor.” 

    1894: Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler opened tonight’s meeting of the United Hebrew Charities with a prayer followed by an address by Henry Rice, the president of the organization which was celebrating its 20th anniversary. The high point of the evening was an address by Seth Low, the President of Columbia who would eventually be elected Mayor of New York City.

    1894: The first “open meeting” of the Monte Relief Society, an organization designed to aid poor Jews was held tonight at the Terrace Garden.

    1894: Major Mercier du Paty de Clam showed “the entire text of the bordereau to Dreyfus, and then he made him copy it” which the accused to deny that the document was a product of his handwriting.”

    1896(22nd of Cheshvan, 5657): Twenty year old Abraham L. Fox who like his mother Ernestine Fox suffered from consumption passed away today at his home on Madison Avenue in Manhattan.

    1898:The Zionist Delegation sets out for Jerusalem.

    1898: “More Help For Dreyfus” published described the public response to Alphonse Bard’s “report to the Court of Cassation” with some saying the report “clearly set forth the truth and proved the innocence of Dreyfus” while others insist that the report was merely a pleading in favor of the prisoner.”

    1898: “Outside a small Rothschild funded Jewish agricultural settlement, Herzl publicly awaited the Kaiser on his way to Jerusalem. The Kaiser’s and his cortege stopped to speak briefly with Herzl. It was the first public acknowledgement of Herzl as the leader of the world Zionist movement by a major European power.”

    1902: Herzl's health deteriorates. After the Annual Conference, Herzl finds himself in a state of collapse, incapable of writing a single line. He reports himself sick to the office of the Neue Freie Presse and goes for a rest cure to Edlach a little village at the foot of the Rax Alpes, south of Vienna.

    1903: Birthdate of Alexander Steiner the Hungarian Jewish grain merchant who was the husband of Klara Fejer and the father of Agnes Leah Steiner who survived the Holocaust and made Aliyah in 1949.

    1903: Three one-act plays by Arthur Schnitzler – “the Last Masks,” “At the Sign of the Green Parrot” and “Literature” – were performed tonight at the German theatre in Irving Place (NYC).

    1903(8th of Cheshvan, 5664):Hillel Noah Maggid, “a Russian-Jewish genealogist and historian who was the author of a biography of David Oppenheim, the rabbi of Prague,” passed away today.

    1905: A day after the Czar issued “the famous manifesto proclaiming freed of speech, press and person: a “pogrom or slaughter of Jews broke out more than 200 places in Russia” including Odessa.

    1906: In Lüdenscheid, Germany Hermann Süskind and Frieda Kessler gave birth to Walter Süskind, “a German Jew of Dutch parents who helped about 600 Jewish children escape the Holocaust.”


    1908: Birthdate of Sara Katz

    1909: Alliance Israelite Universelle makes representation to the French legislation over the hardships suffered by the Jews of Fez. 

    1910: “In St. John’ Wood, in north west London,” Reine Citroën, a member of a Dutch-Jewish family who founded the Citroën car company in France” and “Jules Ayer, a Swiss Calvinist financier who worked for the Rothschild family gave birth to philosopher and author “Sir Alfred Jules ‘Freddie’ Ayer also known as A.J. Ayer.”

    1910: Ten men and two women established Degania Alef, the first Kibbutz on the shore of the Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee).

    1911: Joseph Pulitzer passes away. The life of this Hungarian born Jew who served in the Union Cavalry during the Civil War, reminds one of a colorful novel more than the life of an American newspaperman who built what we would call today a media empire.  After his death in Charleston, SC, his estate funded the Pulitzer Prizes which honor excellence in journalism and other field of culture and art.

    1912:  Oscar Straus who is running for governor of New York on the Bull Moose Ticket (the party of Teddy Roosevelt) announced that he will spend the last four days campaigning on New York’s East Side and Brooklyn.

    1912: In Rotterdam, “Luis Fuld, a merchant in occasional goods” and his wife gave birth to Yiddish songster Lazarus “Leo” Fuld.

    1913:Birthdate of Oliver Louis Zangwill, an influential British neuropsychologist who was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1977.

    1914: In Bucharest, “Mihail Schapira a successful businessman and financial advisor to King Carol II of Romania and “his Viennese wife, Marianne Strate-Felber” gave birth to Ileana Schapira who gained fame as “Ileana Sonnabend…one of the most formidable contemporary art dealers of her time.” (As reported by Roberta Smith)

    1914: “Austria Feeling War’s Disasters” published today described the reverses suffered by the Austro-Hungarians which, among other things, has resulted a wave of refugees arriving in Vienna including a large contingent of Jews from Galicia which “further complicates the life of the city.”

    1914: “Addressing the members of the United Charities at their annual at Temple EmanupEl tonight, Jacob H. Schiff asserted that thousands and thousands of Jews in New York were ‘dodging’ their duty’ toward the poor and suffering in this city while contributing liberally to funds for the relief of war sufferers in Europe.”

    1915: Birthdate of Dr. William Berenberg, an American physician, Harvard professor, and pioneer in the treatment and rehabilitation of and cerebral palsy.  He was a member of the Board Of Advisors of New England Sinai Hospital Center when he passed away in 1995.

    1915: “Jews’ Problem Now Bitter” published today concluded with Rabbi De Sola Pool’s conclusion that “the war has intensified conditions among the Jews in Europe.  Such conditions are bound to exist as long as the Jews are in a minority, refusing to be assimilated. War has made the Jewish problem more bitter.”

    1915: Jacob H. Schiff, he longtime President of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association was quoted today as having said “We Jews have to choose whether we want to be Jewish-American or American Jews; and God forbid that we permit a hyphen to be placed between and America.  God forbid that it be said that the Jews form a group by themselves.  We want to be united as Jews but by our religion only.”

    1916(2nd of Cheshvan, 5677): Sixty-six year old Maurice Ephrussi the French banker and Thoroughbred breeder passed away today.

    1916: “The Joint Distribution Committee of the various Jewish relief funds has received to date more than $6,055,000.”

    1916: Among the contributions received by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War were $39 from Rabbi J.N. Rosenberg, $150 from the Canada Jewish Alliance and $122 from Congregation Ohav Shalom in Williamsport, PA.

    1916: It was reported today that as soon as Dr. Judah Magnes returns from Europe, a mass meeting will be held at Carnegie Hall where he will deliver an eyewitness account of the suffering of the Jews in the war zones and a campaign to raise ten million dollars to relieve their suffering will be started.

    1916: In “Dernburg Tells Germany U.S. Is Changing” published today Dr. Bernhard Dernburg who was raised as a Lutheran since his father had converted from Judaism described the growing gulf between his country and the United States including the belief uttered by former President Teddy Roosevelt that in 1910 he had been in Berlin where “he had been allowed by the German General Staff to see plans for an attack on the United States.”

    1917: It was reported today that the Jewish Board for Welfare Work in the United States Army, chaired by Colonel Harry Cutler and located at 31 Union Square West in New York City” is waging “an aggressive campaign” to raise one million dollars to help meet the welfare of troops serving at home and abroad.

    1917: It was reported today that at a meeting of Jewish leaders being held at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue “a resolution was passed pledging to President Wilson the undivided support of the Jewish communities…”

    1918(23rd of Cheshvan, 5679): Twelve days before the end of World War I, Lt. Henry Brown of Detroit, Michigan “who was repeatedly for bravery” while under fire died today in France.

    1918: Birthdate of Bernard Gordon, an American writer and producer who was a victim of Hollywood’s blacklist.

    1918: “In the House of Commons, Mr. Bonar Law, in answer to a question by Major Gly declares that no final statement in regard to the future Government administration of Syria and Palestine can be made now” and that “the settlement of the future of these territories rest with the Peace Conference.”

    1919: Birthdate of Dorothy Dorfman, eldest daughter of Vera and Nathan Dorfman, a proud graduate of the University of Chicago who become Deborah Levin, wife of Joseph Levin

    1919: In Chicago, Morton David Cahn, the “son of Joseph and Miriam Cahn” and his wife “Julia Elizabeth Cahn” gave birth to Julius Hofeller Cahn

    1920: Premiere of “The Golem: How He Came Into the World” a silent movie filmed by cinematographer Karl Freund that “begins with Rabbi Loew” in the Jewish ghetto of Prague.

    1920: It was reported today that Rabbi Israel J. Sarasohn, a native of Worcester, Massachusetts and graduate of Clarke University who served as a chaplain during the World War and has been leading a congregation in Augusta, GA, has been retained to lead a congregation in Cumberland, MD.

    1920: Birthdate of “Dr. Baruj Benacerraf, an immunologist who received a Nobel Prize for his groundbreaking work in exploring why diseases like multiple sclerosis affect some people but not others…”  Born in Caracas, Venezuela, he was the son of Sephardic Jews. His father, born in Morocco, was a textile importer; his mother, born in Algeria, was a homemaker. (As reported by Denise Gellene)

    1922:Isa Kremer made her United States debut at Carnegie Hall in NYC.

    1923: “The Ancient Law” a silent film directed by E.A. Dupont was released today in Germany.

    1923: In Vienna, Samuel Djerassi, a dermatologist and specialist in sexually transmitted diseases and Alice Friedmann, a Viennese dentist and physician” gave birth to “Carl Djerassi an Austrian-born Bulgarian-American chemist, novelist, and playwright best known for his contribution to the development of oral contraceptive pills.”

    1924: Liberal MP Edward Lessing lost his seat in the General Election held today in the United Kingdom.

    1925: In Poland, “Issachar Feiner, a chocolate salesman, and Rivka Herzberg, a housewife” gave birth to Haim Feiner who would gain fame Israeli songwriter, poet and author Haim Hefer.

    1925: Birthdate of Klaus Roth German-born British mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1958. His major work has been in number theory, particularly the analytic theory of numbers. He solved in the famous Thue-Siegel problem (1955) concerning the approximation to algebraic numbers by rational numbers (for which he won the medal). Roth also proved in 1952 that a sequence with no three numbers in arithmetic progression has zero density (a conjecture of Erdös and Turán of 1935).

    1926: Dr. Chaim Weismann, President of the World Zionist Organization arrived in New York tonight from England on the Cunard line Berengaria. His was on a mission to gain support from American Jews for the creation of a Jewish Home in Palestine.

    1927: “The Forbidden Woman,” a silent film directed by Paul Stein was released today in the United States.

    1927: Middleweight Seymour “Cy” Schindel fought his 14th bout in Brooklyn which he won.

    1927: “The Famous Woman” the cinematic treatment of a play by Hungarian author Melichor Lengyel who also wrote the screenplay, directed by Robert Wiene and produced by Josef Somlo and Arnold Pressburger was released in Germany today.

    1927(3rdof Cheshvan, 5688): Bertha Schwimmer, the widow of Max Schwimmer and the mother of pacifist leader Rosika Schwimmer passed away today.

    1927(3rd of Cheshvan, 5688): Forty-five year old German mathematician and philosopher who was a co-founder of The Internationaler Sozialistischer Kampfbund ("International Socialist Militant League") passed away today.

    1928: Birthdate of Sherwin H. Raiken, the right handed guard for Villanova and the New York Knicks.

    1928: Lord Melchett, who was a Jewish businessman named Alfred Moritz Mond appeared on the cover of today’s Time magazine.

    1929: Major Alan Saunders, the man who had served as acting commandant of police at the times of riots spent six hours on the witness stand answering question before the British Commission of Inquiry investigating the riots at the Western Wall.  He was questioned about the lack of preparation by the police and the decision to disarm British-Jewish constables in the face of threatening behavior by the Arab population.

    1929:  On "Black Tuesday," the New York Stock Market crashed, triggering the "Great Depression."  Like millions of their countrymen, the Jews suffered great financial hardships.  Many newly arrived immigrants who were just beginning to make progress up the economic ladder found themselves on relief.  As the economy soured, social unrest increased and there was a rise in various forms of anti-Semitism.  The coming of the New Deal would prove a boon to many Jews.  Besides providing relief through a variety of federal programs, the New Deal opened up career opportunities for many newly educated first-generation American Jews.  For example, many young lawyers and accountants who found themselves locked out of the Christian only banks and law firms got their first jobs and gained valuable career experience working for the myriad of new federal agencies.  These men (yes most of them were men) went to become part of a core of dedicated civil servants who really served the public good. 

    1929: Jewish financier Felix Warburg and Lord Melchett, each donated five hundred thousand dollars to start a financial concern aimed at helping development in Palestine.

    1932: Birthdate of Charlotte Knoblock, president of Germany’s Jewish community and one of only about 100 surviving Munich residents who returned to the city after World War II.

    1932: In a letter to Louis Strauss, President Herbert Hoover reaffirms support for the Balfour Declaration on the 15th anniversary of the issuance of this seminal document in Jewish History.

    On the occasion of your celebration of the 15th Anniversary of the Balfour Declaration, which received the unanimous approval of both Houses of Congress by the adoption of the Lodge-Fish resolution in 1922, I wish to express the hope that the ideal of the establishment of the National Jewish Home in Palestine, as embodied in that Declaration, will continue to prosper for the good of all the people inhabiting the Holy Land. I have watched with genuine admiration the steady and unmistakable Progress made in the rehabilitation of Palestine which, desolate for centuries, is now renewing its youth and vitality through the enthusiasm, hard work and self-sacrifice of the Jewish pioneers who toil there in a spirit of peace and social justice. It is very gratifying to note that many American Jews, Zionists as well as non-Zionists, have rendered such splendid service to this cause which merits the sympathy and moral encouragement of everyone.

    1936:”Ladies in Love,” a romantic comedy featuring Simone Simon, Paul Lukas and J. Edward Bromberg was released in the United States today.

    1936(13thof Cheshvan, 5697): Eighty-one year old “Joseph Proskauer, the Richmond born son of  John and Adelaide Proskauer, the husband of Bertha Richman Proskauer, and brother-in-law of educator Julia Richman who was the president of William C. Popper and Co. a printing and lithographing firm passed away today in New York.

    1936: Geoffrey Lloyd, Under-Secretary in the Home Office told the House of Commons today that “Fascist anti-Jewish disorders in London’s East End are decreasing.”

    1936: “The Palestine Foundation Fund spent $28,405,00o for Jewish colonization and reconstruction activities from June, 1920 to June, 1936 according to a report submitted” tonight “at the annual meeting of the American Palestine Campaign in the Hotel Astor” “read by Louis Lipsky, chairman of the board of the directors who is also a national chairman of the United Palestine Appeal.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that the High Commissioner, General Sir Arthur Wauchope, announced his wish to retire from office.  

    1937: The Times of London claimed that the present Arab disturbances were inspired by secret societies in Syria. The newspaper endorsed the appeal of the former Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, who asked Britainto carry on the good work of historic justice in Palestine and to keep the Mandate.

    1937: Two Arab gun men fired on Jewish drainage workers who had been working at Herod’s Gate and were getting on a truck to go home.  One Jew was seriously wounded by the gunman who had climbed on to the truck.

    1937: “Live, Love and Learn,” a comedy with a script by Richard Maibaum was released in the United States today.

    1937: “Ali Baba Goes to Town” starring comedian Eddie Cantor was released in the United States today.

    1937(24th of Cheshvan, 5698): Erev Shabbat, Aaron Alkabat, a 32 year old Jew from Morocco was shot to death and two other Jews were seriously wounded this evening when they were fired on as they returned from praying at the Western Wall.

    1938: “Gehenna, a melodrama” directed by Michał Waszyński who converted to Roman Catholicism and written by Anatol Stern was released today in Poland.

    1938: “You Can't Take It with You,” a comedic play in three acts by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart which had premiered at the Booth Theatre in 1936 was performed for the last time at the Imperial Theatre before continuing its Broadway run at the Ambassador Theatre.

    1938: Passports of Polish citizens “not revalidated by today would no longer entitle the bearers to return to Poland”; a fact which the German government had used as an for arresting Polish Jews living in Germany two days before so they could be expelled from the Reich.

    1939: Birthdate of Australian barrister Aaron Ronald “Ron Castan” whose human rights advocacy resulted in the creation of The Castan Centre for Human Rights Law at Monash University which named in honor of Sir John Monash the Jewish engineer who was the country’s leading soldier in WW I.

    1939: Birthdate of Ralph Bakshi. Born in Haifa, Bakshi is a director of animation and occasionally live-action films. As the American animation industry fell into decline during the 1960’s and 1970’s Bakshi tried to bring change to the industry by creating and directing a number of animated feature films that were aimed at adults instead of children. His most famous effort centered Fritz the Cat, the first animated feature film to get an X- Rating.  Bakshi is also reported to be the inspiration for the Comic Book Guy, a character in the weekly cartoon program, The Simpsons.

    1941(8th of Cheshvan, 5702): The SS and Lithuanian police carried out the brutal massacre of those Kovno Jews who were not "selected" the prior day for work. In groups of a hundred, Jews were stripped naked, marched to the edge of ditches, and then fired upon. Most were killed instantly. Many were left to die slowly of their wounds. Einsatskommando reported the killing of 2,008 men, 2,920 women and 4,257 children.

    1941: “Let’s Face It” a musical with a by Herbert and Dorothy Fields starring Danny Kaye opened on Broadway today at the Imperial Theatre.

    1942(18th of Cheshvan, 5703: Eliyahu Rozanski of the Jewish Fighting Organization assassinates Jakub Lejkin, the new commander of the Jewish police in the Warsaw ghetto. Soon after an additional 13 Jewish police who were very involved with the Warsaw actions of the summer were also killed.  The Jewish resistance movements and many others in the ghettos viewed the ghetto police as loathsome collaborators.  From their point of view, the police were doing the work of the Nazis.  They were herding others off to the death camps in a deluded belief that somehow they and their loved ones could avoid the same fate.  While the idea of one Jew killing another Jew may seem troublesome from the distance of six decades, those who were not there have no right to judge those who were in hell we cannot even begin to imagine.

    1942: Written comments by Winston Churchill excoriating Germanyfor the systematic extermination of European Jews are read at a London protest meeting chaired by the archbishop of Canterbury.

    1942(18th of Cheshvan, 5703: The Nazis murdered 3230 thousand Jews from Sandomierz, Poland at the Belzec extermination camp.

    1942(18th of Cheshvan, 5703: The Nazis killed 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Russia.

    1942: Leading clergymen, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, and political figures held a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.  This expression of outrage did not include a meaningful demand that the British government lift the ban on Jewish immigration to Eretz Israel.  This would have meant that Jews who escaped from Nazi control would have a place of refuge.

    1943: “Flesh and Fantasy” a cinematic trilogy starring Edward G. Robinson and music by Alexandre Tansman was released today in the United States.

    1944: The Big Red One, the U.S. Army’s fabled First Infantry Division, took an added distinction.  One of its GI’s, Private Max Fuchs who had been fighting since he hit the beaches of Normandy on D-Day, served as the volunteer cantor for a brief service held at Aachen, Germany.  The service which was broadcast live by NBC radio, was billed as the first public Jewish service to be held on German soil since the rise of Hitler. Captain Sydney Lefkowitz, a Chaplain who had also been fighting since landing on Omaha Bulge, served as the Rabbi.

    1944: Agnes Steiner, who had been living in “a Jewish safe house in Budapest was sent by her grandfather to live at the Red Cross Children’s home in Buda on Orso Utca because he feared for her safety.

    1944(12thof Cheshvan, 5705): Fifty-five year old German actor and movie star Otto Wallburg “who was wounded on the Eastern Front after winning an Iron Cross” whose attempts to escape the Nazis were thwarted was murdered today at Auschwitz.

    1945: The first ballpoint pen went on sale at that Jewish emporium, New York’s Gimbels Department Store.

    1945: Anna Rosenberg became the first woman to receive the Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award offered by the United States. In 1947 she would be the first woman to be awarded the United States Medal for Merit. In 1950 she was appointed Assistant Secretary of Defense, the highest position ever held up until that time by a woman in the United States military establishment. Her main task as Assistant Secretary of Defense was to coordinate the Defense Department's manpower, which had been divided among many different agencies. In the 1930s Rosenberg served in the New Deal administration as a regional director for the National Recovery Administration (1935) and on the Social Security Board (1936-1943), becoming a trusted advisor to both Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman. She also advised and coordinated several Democratic congressional campaigns. Before being appointed Assistant Secretary of Defense, she was President Roosevelt's personal assistant in Europe. She has been acclaimed for her talents as a labor mediator, diplomat, adviser, troubleshooter, and administrator. She was also involved in many Jewish causes, including serving as the director of the Women's Division of the Joint Distribution Committee and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies. (Jewish Women’s Archives)

    1946: “Jameal el Husseini, acting head of the Arab Executive Committee of Palestine…denied reports that the committee intended to demand that King Ibn Saud…cancel American oil rights in his kingdom as a result of President Truman’s reiterated support for substantial Jewish immigration to Palestine”

    1946: British authorities held “Zionist extremists” responsible for destruction of an Army jeep that was blown up by an electrically detonated land mine in the Plain of Sharon north of Tel Aviv. Two soldiers were wounded as a result of the attack.

    1947: Birthdate of actor Richard Dreyfuss who has enjoyed a long and successful career playing everything from college bound students, to police undercover agents to music teachers.

    1947: While giving a speech in Tel Aviv tonight, “David Ben-Gurion, chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine said …that he had asked Sir Alan G. Cunningham, the British High Commissioner, for some preliminary arrangements to help the inhabitants of Palestine to carry on the administration prior to the British withdrawal but that the suggestion had been turned down as ‘premature.’”  In the same speech, the future Prime Minister of Israel said that he welcomed what he described as a recent statement of peace by King Abdullah of Trans-Jordan. [This speech was given exactly one month before the UN was to vote the issue of partition.  The British government was opposed to the creation of a Jewish state and they would provide aide to the Arab Palestinians but not to the Jewish Palestinians. Ben-Gurion’s comments about the King of Jordan were either disingenuous or wishful thinking.  Abdullah wanted Palestine and especially Jerusalem for his kingdom.  He offered the Jews protected status if they would just give up their notion of an independent state.]

    1947: At a ceremony held on Mount Scopus that marks the opening of the academic year, Dr. Judah Magnes speaks out against the growing divisions in the society, and against the terrorism that had begun to divide Jew from Jew.

    1948: Prior to the launch of Operation Hiram, tonight, Israeli aircraft flew 13 missions, dropping 21 tons on the villages whose capture was part of the goal of an operation intended to ensure that the upper Galilee would be in Jewish hands when the next UN ceasefire began.

    1948: As part of Operation Hiram, the Israeli Seventh occupied Qaddita, Meirun, Safsaf and Jish.  The village of Safsaf was defended by the Arab Liberation Army's Second Yarmuk Battalion. The battle lasted through the night with both sides suffering serious casualties.

    1948: Operation Hiram continues with a pitched battle at the strong of Jish which is the same place as Gush Halav where the Jews had fought the Romans 2000 years ago.  The difference is that this time the Jews are the victors.

    1949: Emmanuel Roble’s French language play “Montserrot” which had been adapted for Broadway by Lillian Hellman opened in New York under Hellman’s direction

    1949: “Lend An Ear” a musical revue featuring sketches by Joseph Stein that had opened on Broadway at the National Theatre, then moved to the Shubert Theatre where it was performed for the last time today prior to moving to another venue on Broadway.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post’s editorial commented on the recent unrest of new immigrants in ma’abarot. While it was a pity that the current, mostly Communist agitation in camps turned the immigrants’ mind aside from the achievements of the government and the Jewish Agency in absorbing the massive immigration under difficult conditions, it was high time that the conscience of the entire Israeli people to be aroused to a nationwide effort to integrate the ma'abarot residents into the life of the country by a practical and abiding personal interest in their problems.  Ma'abarot was the name given to the large, temporary camps constructed for newcomers to Israel.  The first one was built in 1949 and hundreds more would be built to take care of the influx of immigrants.  They were obviously not a perfect solution but they were the best the struggling state could do under the circumstances.  Today there is a company that markets a variety of agricultural products including baby food and pet food under the name Macabre Products.

    1955: Operated Egged, an attack on the Egyptian military post at Kuntilla in the Sinai came to an end.

    1956: The Sinai Campaign known in Hebrew as the Mivtza Kadesh began. It lasted 8 days; it was coordinated with both France and England. The reasons for the war were twofold: The increased attacks on civilians by the Egyptian backed Fedayeen from Gazahad caused 1300 casualties in Israel. The second was the blockade of the Gulf of Aqabawhich denied the Red Sea shipping routes to Israeli ships or the ships of other nations that would be bring goods to Israel.   This meant that Israeli shipping was limited to Mediterranean ports which meant that Israeli’s economy was “breathing on one lunge.” The French and English on the other hand were concerned with Egypt’s decision to nationalize the Suez Canal. While Israel attacked Gaza and pushed into half of Sinai, the French and English secured the canal itself. On the Israeli side 171 people were killed with several hundred wounded. Under massive United Statesand Soviet pressure Israelwas forced to withdraw from the Sinai.  The campaign began with an audacious paratroop drop by Israeli forces at the Straits of Tiran which opened the Gulf of Aqabato Israeli shipping.  As Chief of Staff, Moshe Dayan masterminded the lightning campaign that swept across the Sinai Peninsula.  The man with eye patch became an international symbol for the “new Jew,” a resourceful fighter, the citizen soldier building and defending the ancient Jewish state.  The Suez Campaign actually lasted for about 100 hours.  The lightning quick victory gave rise to a number of jokes among comedians in the United States.  “Why did the fighting only take 100 hours?  The equipment was rented and the Jews had to get it back in time or they would lose their deposit.” 

    1956: Four Israeli propeller-driven P-51 fighters cross into the Sinai.  Flying at 12 feet above the ground, they use their propellers to cut the telephone lines connecting the Egyptian air force and army communication centers. The Egyptians have the larger force.  It is well supplied by the Soviets with the latest in equipment.  But the Israelis have the “advantages” of audacity and desperation.  This was followed by a drop of less than 400 hundred paratroopers at the eastern end of the MitlaPass.The MitlaPass was the key to the Israeli advance across the Sinai.  Fortunately for the Israelis, the Egyptians were confused as to what was happening.  If they had moved aggressively at this moment, these future four hundred war heroes would have been POW or casualties and the Sinai Campaign would have been over before it started.  

    1956: Border Police platoon shot and killed 48 unarmed Arab civilians in the village of Kafr Kasim east of Petah Tikvah because the residents were unknowingly in violation of a curfew imposed on the village due to the onset of the Sinai Campaign. The subsequent trial and conviction of the border policemen created a legal precedent that determined that certain military orders - such as those to shoot unarmed curfew violators - are so manifestly illegal that they must be disobeyed. The President of Israel apologizes publicly for this episode in a speech on December 21, 2007.

    1956: “A regiment of paratroopers under the command of Rafael Eitan (Raful), lands near the eastern entrance of the Mitla Pass. The rest of the brigade forces move through the Sinai desert, capturing on their way several Egyptian strongholds after swift battles. Rafael Eitan's regiment deploys near the dropping zone and waits for the rest of the brigade to join.

    1957(4th of Cheshvan, 5718): The MGMproducer and movie mogul Louis B. Mayer died at the age of 71. More than one person claimed to have attended Mayer’s funeral just to make sure he was dead.

    1957: A blast from a hand grenade or a bomb in the Knesset wounded David Ben Gurion and four cabinet ministers. Moshe Carmel suffered a broken arm as a result of the attack.

    1958: In Hackensack, NJ, “Barbara (Seigel), an art teacher, and Edward C. Remnick, a dentist” gave birth to New Yorker Magazine editor David Remnick who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1994 for Lenin’s Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire and who in 1987 married Esther Fein with whom he had three children – Alex, Noah and Natasha.

     1960: “Wildcat,” the Cy Coleman (born Seymour Kaufman) opened in Philadelphia for a pre-Broadway run that earned it a “glowing review in Variety.”

    1961(19thof Cheshvan, 5722): Seventy-one year old David J. Galter, “the editor of The Jewish Exponent from 1932 to 1952,” a columnist who “wrote under the pseudonym Baruch Haba” and the husband of Minnie Galter with whom he had two daughters passed away today in Philadelphia.

    1963: Supreme Court Justice Arthur J. Goldberg, Senator Abraham Ribicoff and Senator Jacob Javits, met with Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin but failed to effect any policy changes after “challenge him regarding Moscow’s treatment of Jews.”

    1964: “The Time Travelers,” a sci-fi flic produced by Iowa native Samuel Z. Arkoff and featuring an appearance by Steve Franken, the second cousin of Senator Al Franken,was released today in the United States.

    1964: The town of Carmiel which is “twinned” with Baltimore, MD was established today.

    1967: Expo 67, which featured “Habitat 67, or simply Habitat, a model community and housing complex in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, designed by Israeli/Canadian architect Moshe Safdie came to an end today.

    1969 (17th of Cheshvan, 5730): Sixty-seven year old Chicago native and Chicago alum Meyer Aaron Perlstein who became a successful pediatrician passed away today.

    1969: “The Secret of Santa Vittoria” a film version of the novel of the same name directed and produced by Stanley Kramer and with music by Ernest Gold was released today in the United States.

    1970: The life of the great English sleuth is brought to the screen by two Jews as “The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes,” a creation of I.A.L. Diamond and Billy Wilder which premiered in the United States.

    1971: In Olmstead County, Minnesota, Cynthia Palmer and Michael Horowitz gave birth to Winona Laura Horowitz who gained fame as actress Winona Ryder “who has described herself as Jewish.”

    1972: “Nearly 8 weeks after the Munich Massacre, a Lufthansa jet was hijacked by two Black September members, who demanded the release of the three” surviving terrorists.

    1972: Jamal Al-Gashey, Adnan Al-Gashey, and Mohammed Safady the 3 surviving Munich terrorists were released in exchange for the hostages onboard hijacked Lufthansa Flight 615 and travelled to Libya, where they went into hiding.

    1974: Shlomo Hillel completed his Internal Affairs Minister of Israel.

    1974: Yosef Burg began serving as Israel’s Internal Affairs Minister.

    1976(5thof Cheshvan, 5737): Fifty-four year old Irving M. Cohen, the “President of the Fifth Avenue Card chain” founded by his father Isidore and the husband of Vera Cohen with whom he had two sons – Eugene and Arthur – lost his battle with cancer and passed away today.

    1977(17thof Cheshvan, 5738): Parashat Vayera

    1977(17thof Cheshvan, 5738): In one of those inexplicable tragedies, twelve year old Joshua Berman the son of Sarah and Shelley Berman passed away today.

    1981: NBC broadcast the first episode of “Gimme A Break” a sitcom created by Mort Lachman and Sy Rosen and co-starring Jonathan Silverman.

    1982: “Q” a “fantasy horror film directed, produced and written by Larry Cohen was released in the United States today.

    1982: In Monmouth County, NJ, Rabbi Jerome Malino, the immediate past president of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, was the guest speaker at the formal dedication of the new sanctuary which was named in memory of Rabbi Aaron Lefkowitz.

    1986: “Several months before his death,” Buddy Rich and his big band appeared for the last time on the Terry Wogan Show.

    1987(6thof Cheshvan, 5748): World War I Veteran and Medal of Honor Winner Phillip Carl Katz passed away.

    1990(10thof Cheshvan, 5751): Seventy-seven year old producer Herbert Brodkin whose career encompassed the “golden television” when he gave us such quality dramatic programs as “Playhouse 90” passed away today.(As reported by Eleanor Blau)

    1993(14th of Cheshvan, 5754):Chaim Mizrahi, resident of Beit-El, was kidnapped by three terrorists from a poultry farm near Ramallah. He was murdered and his body burned. Three Fatah members were later convicted of the murder

    1993(14thof Cheshvan, 5754): Seventy nine year old Lativan-American mathematician Lipman Bers passed away in New Rochelle, America.

    1993: “The Nightmare Before Christmas” starring Danny Elfman who also wrote the music was released today in the United States.

    1998:Hurricane Mitch the most powerful hurricane of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season makes landfall in Honduras.  (If you know the name of the guy who does this, you will understand how this storm rates a mention in a Jewish history blog.)

    1998: Hamas claimed responsibility for the “1st Kfar Darom bombing.”

    1998: “Susan’s Plan” directed by John Landis and featuring Rob Schneider and Lisa Edelstein “was screened at the AFI Film Festival” today.

    2000: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interesting includingGhost Light: A Memoir by Frank Rich and Susan Sontag:The Making of an Icon by Carl Rollyson and Lisa Paddock.

    2001: Funeral services are scheduled to be held for seventy-five year old Harry Gerard Bissinger this morning.

    2001: “Adam Yauch of the Beastie Boys performed at the Hammerstein Ballroom in New York City” today.

    2002: Random House published David Blaine's Mysterious Stranger: A Book of Magic

    2004: “Palaces of Prayer, a new exhibit at the Angel Orensanz Foundation on New York’s Lower East Side, includes 70 superb color prints of synagogues that should convince even the most book-bound skeptic that Jews really do love to build, and have built very well when given the chance” opened today at the Angel Orensanz Center on Norfolk Street in New York City.

    2004:In Toronto, Avi Lewis and Naomi Klein release a big screen documentary entitled “The Take.”

    2004: At the Municipal Building in New York Nobel Prize winning economist Joseph E. Stiglitz married Anya Schiffrin of Columbia University.

    2004:  Newspapers and sports programs continued to sing the praises of Theo Epstein, the young, Jewish, General Manager who played a key role in Boston Red Sox’s first World Series victory since 1918.

    2006:Benjamin "Ben" Weider announced his retirement as President of the International Federation of BodyBuilders

    2006: As the investigation into allegations of sexual harassment continued, Moshe Katsav was advised to step down from his position of President of Israel.

    2006: The seventh International Poetry Festival opens at Jerusalem's Mishkenot Sha'ananim. with a reading of "Kol Koreh," accompanied by students from the Rimon School of Jazz. The artistic directors of the Jerusalem festival are the poet Agi Mishol and Prof. Ariel Hirschfeld.

    2006: The Washington Post book section features Haim Watzman’s review of Prisoners: A Muslim and a Jew Across the Middle East Divide by Jeffrey Goldberg.

    2006: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interesting includingJourney to a Revolution: A Personal Memoir and History of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 by Michael Korda and the paperback version Wickett’s Remedy by Myla Goldberg.

    2007: The Bank Leumi hosts a West End Gala as part of the UK Jewish Film Festival sponsoring a showing of the The Band's Visit.

    2007:Jon Entine discusses his new book, Abraham's Children: Race, Identity, and the DNA of the Chosen People, as part of a book forum at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C.

    2007(17th of Cheshvan, 5768): St.-Sgt. Maj. (res.) Ehud Efrati, a 34-year-old father of three and the IDF's third casualty in Gazathis year, was killed in clashes with Palestinian gunmen near the Sufa Crossing in southern Gaza.

    2007(17thof Cheshvan, 5768): Sixty-six year old Israeli comedian and actor Yisrael "Poli" Poliakov who was a member of “HaGashash HaHiver” passed away today

    2007:Prime Minister Ehud Olmert announced he has been diagnosed with prostate cancer.

    2007(17th of Cheshvan, 5768): Israel “Poli” Poliakov, actor, singer and member of the legendary comedy trio Hagashash Hahiver (The Pale Scout) died of cancer at Petah Tivkva’s Rabin Medical-Beilinson Campus at the age of 66.

    2008: In Montreal, the demolition of Bens De Lux Delicatessen & Restaurant continued as the “vertical red Bens sign that was visible for several blocks, was taken down.”

    2008:The "Nextbook" series and the D.C. Jewish Community Center present a reading and discussion with Israeli writer David Grossman, author of The Yellow Wind, the novel Someone to Run Withand the newly-published Writing in the Dark: Essays on Literature and Politics, at AmericanUniversity, in Washington, D.C.

    2008: “The First Basket,” a documentary about Jews and basketball opens in New York

    2008: The Twenty-Third Israel Film Festival opens in New Yorkwith a gala event at the Ziegfeld Theater featuring the US premiere of the film "Lost Islands” the biggest Box Office Success in Israel in 2008.

    2008(30th of Tishrei, 5769): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    2008:Agriprocessors, the largest kosher meat company in the country until recently, has been hit with nearly $10 million in fines for withholding workers’ wages..

    2008: The 2008 Chicago Festival of Israeli Film opens tonight with the debut screening of "Waves Of Freedom." 

    2008:Plans for a Jerusalem museum dedicated to tolerance and coexistence got the final go-ahead to from Israel's Supreme Court, which rejected an appeal by Muslims who complained the site covers part of an ancient Muslim cemetery.

    2009: David Sax comes to Manny’s Deli in Chicago to discuss the fate of Jewish delicatessen and promote his new book Save the Deli: In Search of Perfect Pastrami, Crusty Rye, and the Heart of Jewish Delicatessen.  One question that might come up is can a Jewish delicatessen really be Jewish if it is not Kosher?

    2009:The Greater Washington Council of NA'AMAT USA is hosting its Annual Book and Author Luncheon at Temple Emanuel in Kensington Md., featuring journalist Naftali Bendavid, author of "The Thumpin': How Rahm Emanuel and the Democrats Learned to Be Ruthless and Ended the Republican Revolution," Barbara Graham, editor of "Eye of My Heart: 27 Writers Reveal the Hidden Pleasures and Perils of Being a Grandmother" and Washington Post writer Steve Luxenberg, author of the memoir "Annie's Ghosts: A Journey Into a Family Secret."

    2009: In Houston, TX, Heroes & Legacies presents a Kinky Friedman Cigar Event, featuring a visit by Texas’ greatest living Jewish iconoclast, Kinky Friedman.

    2009: The New York Times featured a review of Eating:A Memoir by Jason Epstein

    2009: Stephen Tobolowsky, the character actor best known for his portrayal of “Ned Ryerson” in “Groundhog Day” “started a new podcast on /Film called The Tobolowsky Files, where he tells stories, in a similar fashion to Tobolowsky's film Stephen Tobolowsky's Birthday Party.”

    2010:Tamar Eisenman is scheduled to perform at the BAMcafe in Brooklyn NY

    2010:Two packages addressed to Chicago-area synagogues containing explosive devices that were shipped from Yemen were intercepted today.  Officials have not yet identified the synagogues but they have said that “neither was addressed to the synagogue across the street from President Obama's Hyde Park home, where he is expected to spend part of the weekend while in Chicago.”

    2010:The Jewish Museum in New York is opening a new exhibition, “Houdini: Art and Magic,” today and curator Brooke Kamin Rapaport says the entrance gallery will feature a replica stage projecting a life-size image of the great Jewish magician performing his water torture act. It's a new way to keep alive the memory of Houdini, joining an annual séance that seeks to contact the daring escape artist and a graveside ceremony for a man who was called “The World’s Handcuff King and Prison Breaker” and the “Justly World-Famous Self-Liberator.” Born Ehrich Weiss in Budapest, Hungary, in 1874, Houdini was the son of a rabbi who immigrated with his family to Wisconsin in 1878. “Coming to America, Houdini’s family faced a lot of the same issues that other Jewish immigrants faced, including anti-Semitism,” said Rapaport. “I never was ashamed to acknowledge that I was a Jew, and never will be,” Houdini is quoted as writing to a friend in the show’s sepia-toned and well-documented catalog. According to the exhibition wall text written by Rapaport, his escapes "had particular resonance for those who sought liberation from political, ethnic, or religious persecution.” Generally considered among the most famous magicians ever, Houdini died on Oct. 31, 1926, probably as a result of appendicitis compounded by a blow to the stomach. “He really was involved with the new media of this time. He was a savvy marketer,” said Rapaport while taking a short break from installing the more than 160 objects, including advertising posters and broadsides that Houdini used to promote his shows. Also on display will be works by artists influenced by Houdini and magic apparatus he made famous: handcuffs, shackles, a straitjacket, a milk can and a packing trunk, as well as a re-creation of the famous Water Torture Cell. Included, too, are everyday objects like those used in the East India Needle Threading Trick, where Houdini would swallow needles and thread before slowly pulling the line from his mouth with the needles threaded on it. As for October 31, Rapaport doesn’t expect anything unusual to happen. “You’ll be the first one to know,” the curator quipped. The Jewish Museum also will be presenting a panel discussion titled “Conjuring Houdini in the Popular Imagination.” Dorothy Dietrich, a magician who has appeared on stage and TV, will be among the panelists. Dietrich's Houdini-related expectations for Oct. 31? She'll be waiting for a sign. “At 1:26 p.m., the time when Houdini died, a group will sit around a table and join hands,” said Dietrich, who will function as the medium at a seance run by the Harry Houdini Museum in Scranton, Pa., where she is co-director. At the given moment, Dietrich will begin the seance by saying, “Houdini, if you are here, give us a sign.” "Houdini said that if he can’t escape from the other side, then no one can,” said Dietrich, who is known for having duplicated many of Houdini’s famous escapes. In recounting the history of the Houdini seance, Scranton museum co-director Dick Brookz explains that for 10 years after Houdini’s death, the magician’s wife, Bess, would hold a seance on Oct. 31. Once she stopped, the tradition was passed on to others. “Houdini spent his life debunking charlatans, exposing them on a regular basis,” Brookz said. Ever fearful that frauds would take advantage of his death, untimely or otherwise, Houdini provided his wife with a code to authenticate his return. "The code was based on 'Rosabelle Believe,'" Brookz related. "It was the name of a popular song of the time.” The museum's seance will be open to the public for a fee. “People can also try and contact Houdini that day, and e-mail us with a report,” Brookz said. The museum’s email address is The museum’s website advises “No kooks please, this is a serious seance test and seance tribute.” After Halloween, another participant on The Jewish Museum’s panel discussion, magician George Schindler will be among several magicians paying their respects at Houdini’s grave at the Machpelah Cemetery in the Queens borough of New York City. Houdini is interred there in a bronze casket created for his buried-alive stunt. Schindler, the dean of the Society of American Magicians, and the others at the cemetery will be remembering Houdini at a ceremony that includes Hebrew prayer. “We used to perform the ceremony on Halloween, but it became too much of a zoo," he said. "So we moved it to the Hebrew date of his death. This year the dates coincide, so we are doing it on the day he was buried, Nov. 4." Schindler and members of his society informally take care of the Houdini grave site. “We clean it up, clearing it of playing cards, handcuffs, coins,” he said. Schindler noted that in the "broken wand ceremony" the magicians hold for Houdini, the wand, broken in the silence of the cemetery, symbolizes the magician’s death. Houdini was concerned for the welfare of other magicians and performers, Schindler said, and toward that end he started an organization to help them and the Red Cross. Rabbis' Sons, as it was called, raised $8,000 to aid the Red Cross, according to a 1918 edition of The New York Times. Among its members: Al Jolson and Irving Berlin. “Upon his death, his wife, Bess, left $1,000 to the magicians’ society for a Houdini Fund,” Schindler said. The fund, now around $300,000, is used to support magicians who have fallen ill or who have been injured. It covers expenses not normally covered by insurance like wheelchairs, nurses and comfort assistance." Schindler recalled one last way of remembering Houdini. “At the graveside ceremony a rabbi is present," he said. "We say Kaddish.”

    2010: Dwight Garner reviewed “Must You Go? My Life With Harold Pinter” Antonia Fraser’s fond and affecting new memoir of the late playwright with whom she spent the last decades of his life.

    2011(1st of Cheshvan): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan and Parshat Noach

    2011: Nathan Abramoff is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah at Agudas Achim in Iowa City, Iowa.

    2011: The Best of Chamber Music – Woodwinds Fest featuring Esti Hfafa (flute) Tibi Zeiger (clarinet), Miki Zohar (oboe), Alon Reuven (horn) and Mauricio Paez (bassioon) is scheduled to take place at the Tamir Music Center, Ein Kerem-Jerusalem

    2011: The Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is scheduled to present an evening with Ursula Hegi, whose newest novel “Children and Fire “is set in the fictional town of Burgdorf, Germany in the early days of the Third Reich”

    2011: 55th anniversary of the Sinai Campaign, Israel’s first successful major military operation against an Arab state dedicated to her destruction.

    2011: 67th anniversary of the broadcast of a Jewish service at Aachen, Germany which was described as the first Jewish service to be held publicly on German soil since the rise of Hitler. 

    2011: The IAF struck an Islamic Jihad training camp today in southern Gaza Strip, killing a commander of the Palestinian faction and four of its munitions experts, officials on both sides said.

    2011: Some 20 rockets and mortar shells were fired from Gaza into southern Israel today, killing one man and wounding four others.

    2011:Some 20,000 people gathered tonight for a social protest at Rabin Square in Tel Aviv, almost two months after the largest protest in Israel's history took place. In Jerusalem, about 3,000 people gathered and 200 gathered in Rishon Letzion. The social protest in Be'er Sheva was canceled after the Home Front Command forbade public gatherings of more than 500 people, in light of the barrage of rockets being fired from the Gaza Strip toward southern Israel.

    2012: Swedish Ambassador Hans Magnusson is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled “Raoul Wallenberg, 100 years: will the riddle ever be solved?” at the Wiener Library in London.

    2012: As Hurricane Sandy made its way up the East Coast of the United States the Jewish Federation of Greater Washington and area day schools were closed today as were the offices of the Jewish Federation of Greater Philadelphia.

    2012(13thof Cheshvan, 5773):Jessie Streich-Kest, 24, who worked as a high school teacher in New York City, and Jacob Vogelman, a student at Brooklyn College were killed tonight “in Brooklyn by a falling tree during superstorm Sandy. (As reported by March Oster)

    2012:U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Martin Dempsey was in Israel today to discuss a joint missile defense drill that began a week ago.

    2012: Twenty Kassam rockets were fired into southern Israel early this morning, shortly after the Israeli Air Force struck terrorist targets in the Gaza Strip.

    2013: The 25th annual Kosherfest is scheduled to open in Secaucus, NJ.

    2013: The Arava Insitute Hazon Israel Bicycle Ride is scheduled to begin at Jerusalem.

    2013: J.J. Abrams is scheduled to release S, a novel by Doug Dorst.

    2013: Members of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra and conductor/violinist Julian Rachlin are scheduled to return to New York for a jubilant one-night benefit engagement at Alice Tully Hall.

    2013: At Temple Solel, Naomi Ragen is scheduled to discuss her latest novel, The Sisters Weiss.

    2013: Signs purporting to be from the Israeli government were placed on dozens of military graves at the Mount Hertzl cemetery in Jerusalem today, in protest of the impending release of 26 Palestinian prisoners later today. The release constitutes the second phase of a four-stage deal between Israel and the Palestinian Authority meant to keep the US-brokered peace talks on track. (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)

    2013: As Israel prepares to release 26 more terrorist prisoners as a "gesture" to the Palestinian Authority, Arutz Sheva presents a partial list of those slated for freedom.

    2014: “Gett, the Trial of Vivian Amsalem” is scheduled to be shown at the Sydney Opening Night of the Jewish International Film Festival.

    2014: The opening reception for “L’Chaim – To Life!” is scheduled to take place today in Portland, Oregon.

    2014: Gal “Mekel was waived by the Mavericks.”

    2014: The Twin Cities Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host “Jewish Food For Thought” “featuring animated shorts and graphic novels by Hanan Harchol.

    2014: The Center For Jewish History is scheduled to host “The Lost Jewish Music of Belarus.”

    2014: The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to host the launch event for “The 1984 Anti-Sikh Pogroms Remembered.”

    2014: The Tulane University Jewish Studies Department under the leadership of Dr. Brian Horowitz is schedule to host a “Panel on the Jewish Life in the Mississippi Delta” with Michael Cohen, Carol Mills and Anny Bloch-Raymon.

    2014: In Washington, DC, the annual Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is scheduled to come to an end.

    2014: “Democrats and administration officials rushed to distance themselves today from profane anti-Netanyahu remarks attributed to a senior administration official one day earlier – and argued against the conclusion that US-Israel relations were in an unprecedented crisis.” As reported by Rebecca Shimoni Stoil)  [Editor’s note: Based on media coverage, this “crisis” is a one-sided affair because there has been no coverage on any of the major outlets.]

    2014: “Israel Police raised the level of preparedness across the country tonight following the attempted murder of prominent right wing activist Rabbi Yehuda Glick earlier this evening in Jerusalem.” (As reported by Lazar Berman and Ilan Ben Zion)

    2015: Faird Abdouch, “an Arab-Frenchman accused of assaulting a rabbi and his son after stabbing a Jewish man in Marseille” was charged today “with aggravated assault” “according to Michele Teboul, a leader of the Jewish community of Marseille.”

    2015: The Catholic Center at NYU is scheduled “to host Cilia and Hadasa Bau, the daughters of Holocaust survivors Rebecca and Joseph Bau, the original couple whose wedding is featured in the film “Schindler’s List.”

    2015: The Tulane University Jewish Studies Department is scheduled to host a “Panel on the Jewish Life in the Mississippi Delta” with Michael Cohen, Carol Mills and Anny Bloch-Raymond.

    2015: “Above and Beyond: The Birth of the Israeli Air Force” and “The Last Mentsch” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish Arts & Film Festival of Fairfield County, CT.

    2015: Rabbi Bradley Shavit Artson is scheduled to discuss his latest work, Renewing the Process of Creation: A Jewish Integration of Science and Spirit at Temple Emanu-El.

    2015: “Egypt: faith after the pharaohs” an exhibition that includes “the Gaster Bible, a 9th-century Torah from Egypt featuring one of the oldest Hebrew illuminated text” and “fragments of documents from the Cairo Geniza containing Hebrew, Judeo-Arabic, Aramaic and Arabic texts detailing Jewish life in Cairo during the Middle Ages” is scheduled to open today at the British Museum.”

    2016(27th of Tishrei, 5777): As the Torah cycle begins again with Parasha Bereshit Jeremiah Collins is scheduled to be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah at Agudas Achim. 

    2016(27th of Tishrei, 5777): Eighty-nine year old William Morris talent agent Norman Brokaw passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

    2016: Marguerite MIshkin, who along with her older sister Annette, were hidden by a rural Belgian Catholic family during WW II is scheduled to deliver a “Survivor Talk” at the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center.

    2016: “Soviet and Russian stage and film legend, Vladimir Zeldin was hospitalized today in Moscow’s Sklifosovsky Institute of Emergency Medicine>

    2016: “Not That Jewish” starring Emmy® Award-winning and Golden Globe® nominated writer, actress and comedian Monica Piper stars in this autobiographical ride of a Jew-“ish” woman’s life is scheduled to open at New World Stages in Manhattan.

    2016: In Chicago, the Cubs led by President Theo Epstein are scheduled to take on the Cleveland Indians led by General Manager Mike Chernoff in the fourth game of the World Series.

    2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Power by Naomi Alderman, Keep Her Safe by Sophie Hannah and the recently released paperback edition of A Gambler’s Anatomy by Jonathan Lethem and Ike’s Gamble: America’s Rise to Dominance in the Middle East by Michael Doran as well as interview with author Ron Chernow.

    2017: Today, “two Palestinians, Youssef Khaled Mustafa Kamil, 20, and Muhammad Ziad Abu al-Rub, 19, were indicted on charges of premditated murder for their role in the stabbing to death of sixty-nine year old Reuven Schmerling whose body was dismembered after he was killed on October 4, “the day before the start of Sukkot.” (As reported by Judah Ari Gross)

    2017(9th of Cheshvan, 5778): Ninety-six year old Tzipora Jochsberger, the refugee from Nazi Germany and founder of the “Hebrew Arts School Music and Dance,” now known as the “Kaufman Music Center” passed away today in Jerusalem.  (As reported by Richard Sandomir)

    2017(9th of Cheshvan, 5778): Eighty-six year old Linda Nochlin, the Crown Heights raised “art historian” passed away today. (As reported by Roberta Smith)

    2017: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to open the “Take a Stand Center--named by Smithsonian Magazine as one of the top 12 fall exhibitions in the world—which takes visitors on a journey about the dangers of hatred, prejudice, and indifference-and the power of individual voices-in a new multi-million-dollar exhibit.”

    2017: “Wonder Woman” star Gal Gadot will not be presenting the Tree of Life Award to director and producer Brett Ratner “at dinner for the Jewish National” today “at Lowes Hollywood Hotel as previously planned.

    2017: At Temple Israel in Memphis, TN, the Sisterhood is scheduled to host a class on “Cooking Like Bubbie Did” while the Brotherhood is scheduled to host a board meeting followed by dinner and a night of poker. (Editor’s Note – Personally, I would rather join the Sisterhood event)

    2017: In Australia, the Sydney Jewish Museum is scheduled to host “Beyond Empathy: Responsibility in a post-truth World.”

    2017: The Yeshiva University Museum is scheduled to host an “international conference, featuring scholars from Israel, Italy, Sweden and the United States,” who will explore “the historical context and cultural significance of the Arch of Titus from Imperial Rome to modern-day Israel.”

    2017: The Jewish Federation is scheduled to host Super Sunday.

    2018: In Des Moines, IA, the Jewish community is scheduled to “hold a vigil, memorial and healing service for the victims of the mass shooting at Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh led by “our rabbis and invited speakers from the interfaith community” at Tifereth Israel Synagogue

    2018: In Jerusalem, the Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host the first program in the Concert Lecture Series where the question is “Bach on the Piano or on the harpsichord?”

    2018: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host a lecture by Professor David Biale on “Was the Baal Shem Tov the founder of Chasidism?” as part of the course on “Chasidism: A New History.”

    2018: The Museum of Jewish Heritage is scheduled to host a lecture by Eric Vuillard, the author of The Order of the Day, on “the extraordinary sequence of events and individual acts that led to the catastrophe of the Anschluss.”

    2018: Sara J. Bloomfield, director, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Daniel Greene, historian and curator, Americans and the Holocaust special exhibition at the New York Tribute dinner of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.










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    OCTOBER 30

    1207BCE: According to “three scientists from Beersheba’s Ben Gurion University” who used NASA date today is the date of the eclipse which is described in the Book of Joshua as God making the sun stand still so that the Israelites could defeat the Amorites.

    1270: Eighth Crusade comes to an ignominious end.  The crusade started under the banner of France’s anti-Semitic King Louis IX. But he died of stomach ailment in August.  Effective leadership devolved to Charles, King of Naples.  The crusaders got no further than Tunis.  The crusaders agreed to lift their siege of the Arab capital in exchange for commercial advantages.  The crusaders went home having failed to accomplish any of their own noble aims.  Considering the miseries that the Crusaders heaped on the Jews, they were just as glad to finally glad to see them come to an end after almost two centuries.

    1340: At the Battle of Río Salado King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeated Muslim ruler Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Marinid dynasty and Nasrid ruler Yusuf I.  A Marinid victory would not have been a good thing for the Jews.  In fact, Alfonso was greeted by crowds of cheering Jews when he returned to his capital.  The victory was doubly important to the Jews of Spain and Portugal because the successors to both of these monarchs followed policies that were favorable to the Jewish people in their realms.

    1348: After two days, the authorities of Amont, in France, had finished arresting all of the local Jews and taking their possession.  The arrest of the Jews was tied to the belief that they were responsible for the Black Plague which was working its way across France.  The Jews of Amont were lucky to have been just arrested and robbed since in most towns the Jews were expelled without their possessions or murdered.

    1485: King Henry VII of England is crowned. Henry was quite willing to continue the policy of keeping England free of Jews; a policy that dated back to 1290. When Henry VII was arranging for the marriage of his son to Catherine of Aragon, the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella “he promised never to allow Jews into his domain.  Isabella had made it quite clear, if he refused the oath, the marriage was off.

    1491: Gershon Soncino printed the first copy of “Immanuel Romi, Mahberot” (The Notebook of Imamanuel Romi) at Brescia, Italy.  (Heinrich Graetz described him as a “Jewish Dante)

    1649: In Pawtuxet, Colony of Rhode Island, “Stephen and Sarah Arnold” gave birth to Israel Arnold, the husband of “Mary (Barker) Arnold” with whom he had fourteen children while find time to serve as Deputy Governor of the colony.

    1682: Pope Innocent XI issued an edict by which all the money-lending activities carried out by the Roman Jews were to cease. However ultimately convinced that such a measure would cause much misery in destroying livelihoods, the enforcement of the edict was twice delayed

    1708: Abraham ben Saul Broda entered into a contract with Jewish community of Metz to serve as its rabbi.

    1735: Birthdate of John Adams, Founding Father and Second President of the United States.The correspondence of John Adams reflects the complexity with which Jews and Judaism were viewed in early national America.  Most "enlightened" American Christians such as Adams saw Jews as an ancient people who, by enunciating monotheism, laid the groundwork for Christianity. He also saw them as individuals who deserved rights and protection under the law. Like many of his peers, Adams venerated ancient Jews and thought contemporary Jews worthy of respect, but found Judaism, the religion of the Jewish people, an anachronism and the Jewish people candidates for conversion to Christianity. In an 1808 letter criticizing the depiction of Jews by the French Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire, Adams expressed his respect for ancient Jewry. Adams wrote of Voltaire, "How is it possible [that he] should represent the Hebrews in such a contemptible light? They are the most glorious nation that ever inhabited this Earth. The Romans and their Empire were but a Bauble in comparison of the Jews. They have given religion to three quarters of the Globe and have influenced the affairs of Mankind more, and more happily, than any other Nation ancient or modern." Aware of Adams' benign view of Jews, American Jewish newspaper editor, politician, diplomat and playwright Mordecai Manuel Noah (1785-1851) maintained a correspondence with the former president. In 1818, Noah delivered a speech consecrating the new building erected by his own Congregation Shearith Israel, the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in New York. Noah's "Discourse," a copy of which resides in the archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, focused on the universal history of Jewish persecution at the hands of non-democratic governments and their peoples. An early Zionist, Noah believed that only when the Jewish people were reestablished in their own home, with self-governance, could they live free of oppression. Noah sent a copy of his "Discourse" to Adams. Adams responded encouragingly to Noah, although the former president was evasive regarding Jewish self-governance. Adams expressed to Noah his personal wish that "your Nation may be admitted to all Privileges of Citizens in every Country of the World." Adams continued, This Country has done much. I wish it may do more, and annul every narrow idea in Religion, Government and Commerce. … It has please the Providence of the 'first Cause,' the Universal Cause [phrases by which Adams' defined G-d], that Abraham should give Religion, not only to the Hebrews but to Christians and Mahomitans, the greatest Part of the Modern civilized World." For Adams, Jews had earned their rights by virtue of their historic contributions and by virtue of their citizenship, but he did not respond to the idea of a Jewish homeland. Remarkably, a year later, Adams made the first pro-Zionist declaration by an American head of state, active or retired. In 1819, Noah sent Adams a copy of his recently published travel book, Travels in England, France Spain and the Barbary States. In his letter acknowledging the gift, Adams praised Noah's tome as "a magazine of ancient and modern learning of judicious observations & ingenious reflections." Adams expressed regret that Noah had not extended his travels to "Syria, Judea and Jerusalem" as Adams would have attended "more to [his] remarks than to those of any traveller I have yet read." Adams continued, "Farther I could find it in my heart to wish that you had been at the head of a hundred thousand Israelites . . . & marching with them into Judea & making a conquest of that country & restoring your nation to the dominion of it. For I really wish the Jews were again in Judea an independent nation." What was the source of Adams's Zionist sympathies? What moved him to make his extraordinary statement? A clue can be found in the next sentence of his letter: I believe [that] . . . once restored to an independent government & no longer persecuted they [the Jews] would soon wear away some of the asperities and peculiarities of their character & possibly in time become liberal Unitarian Christians for your Jeh-vah is our Jeh-vah & your G-d of Abraham Isaac and Jacob is our G-d.  Alexis de Tocqueville observed, "The Americans combine notions of Christianity and of liberty so intimately in their minds, that it is impossible to conceive the one without the other." Adams was clearly confident that freedom would lead the Jewish people to enlightenment and that enlightenment would lead them to Christianity. For Adams, Jewish self-governance in the Holy Land was a step toward their elevation. Today, our understanding of democracy includes respect for diversity and support for the retention of one's religious faith.

    1785: Birthdate of Hermann, Fürst von Pückler-Muskau who met Rabbi Moses Sachs in Tunis in 1835 and was so impressed with him and his plan to settle Jews in Palestine that he arranged for him to meet with Baron Salomon Mayer von Rothschild of Vienna

    1786: A deadly fire in the Jewish Ghetto of Verona occurred causing a great loss of life.

    1798: In Berlin, “Adolf Martin Schlesinger, founder of the music journal Berliner allgemeine musikalische Zeitung” and his wife gave birth to Moritz Adolf Schlesinger the German music editor who was known by the French as Maurice Schlesinger the creator of the journal Gazette musical.

    1815(26th of Tishrei, 5576): Ninety-one year old Rachel Pinto whose loyalty fluctuated during the American Revolution passed away today in New York City.

    1821: Birthdate of Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky. The author of such major works as The Brothers Karamazov and Crime and Punishment was an anti-Semite.  As he grew older he became convinced that Jews were the cause of all social ills and he was phobic on the idea of letting Jews live outside of the Pale of Settlement.

    1835: In Philadelphia,Eleazer (Eugene) Moss and Mary (Levy) Moss the daughter of Solomon and Rebecca Eve Levy gave birth to John Moss II.

    1850: Samuel Vandersluis married Hannah Kasner today at the Great Synagogue.

    1856: William Cullen Bryant delivered a speech tonight in favor of the abolition of slavery. He recounted the story of the Israelite encounter with the Amalekites when Moses arms grew weary and Aaron and Hur contrived to keep Moses hands raised until victory was achieved.  He urged the attendees to lend their support to the leaders of the fight against slavery so that when their arms grew weary like Moses, the people would lend their hands in support of abolition.

    1856: During an anti-Slavery rally held at the Academy of Music in New York the speakers, who were Christian ministers, took issue with the idea that the Bible supported the institution of slavery as practiced in the United States. They contended that "there was no such idea of property in a servant existing among the ancient Jews." [For once somebody had actually read and understood the text of "The Old Testament."]

    1860:The biennial banquet and ball in aid of the Jew’s Hospital, well known charitable Institution took place at the City Assembly Rooms this evening. As on former occasions of the same kind, the attendance was large, and the contributions in aid of the Institution were most liberal. Not less than 600 ladies and gentlemen of the Jewish faith sat down to the banquet, and subsequently joined in the dance. Mr. Benjamin Nathan the President of the Hospital, presided at the banquet, and on his right and left, at the head of the tables, sat Rabbi Lyons of the Nineteenth-street Synagogue , Rabbi Isaacs of the Wooster-street Synagogue, Rabbi Cramer, of the Greene-street Synagogue, and other prominent clergymen and laymen of the Jewish faith. The "grace before meal" was said in Hebrew by Rabbi Lyons, and the "grace after" was sung in the same language by Rev. Mr. Cramer. Following the latter, the President of the Institution addressed the audience, giving a brief sketch of the "Jews' Hospital in New-York," and welcoming his hearers to the entertainments of the evening. He said that the Jews' Hospital, since its foundation, in 1855, had accommodated 1,225 inmates, of whom 1,127 had been treated gratuitously. The benefits of the Institution were not confined to any creed or sect, but the sick and unfortunate of all creeds and nations had partaken of its blessings. At the same time it had neither asked nor received any aid from the State or Municipal Governments, but had depended entirely upon the voluntary contributions of its friends for support. In the intervals between the toasts, the Secretary read off a list of the donations received from those present, as well as by letter from absent donors. Among the latter was a letter from Gov. Morgan, speaking in the highest terms of the Jews' Hospital, and inclosing a check for $100. The total amount of donations announced last evening reached the liberal sum of $14,000. At the conclusion of the toasts the party retired to the ball-room adjoining, when the, dancing commenced, and was continued till a late hour of the night.

    1863(17th of Cheshvan, 5624): Philadelphian Nathan Rosenfelt, a Sergeant serving with Company D of the 26th Regiment who had been serving with the Union Army since 1861 succumbed to wounds he had suffered on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

    1864:Helena, Montana's capital, founded.  Jews were involved with the Helena from its earliest days. According to local legend Russian born Julius Basinsky arrived in Helena in 1866 with one thousand cigars and not enough pocket change to buy lunch in one of the town’s saloons. Louis Kaufman came to Helena and worked in mining until 1872.  He and Louis Stadler formed Stadler and Kaufman Meat Company in 1872.  Charles M. Russell, one of America’s premier Western artists managed their ranch for several years. From the 1870’s on banks owned completely or partially be Jews were launched in towns and cities all over the Far West including Lewish Herschfield’s Merchants National Banking Company in Helena. 

    1869: In Karlin, “Leopold and Sofie Sara Pick gave birth to Amalie Pick” who became Amalie Kun when she married Franz Kuhn with whom she had one son -  “Leopold ‘Poldi’ Kun.”

    1869: In Vienna, Leopold Bloch, “the son of Samuel and Theresia Bloch” and his wife Rosa Bloch gave birth to Sophie Bloch, who became Sophie Eber after she married Ernst Eber Bloch.

    1872: Morris Joseph married Frances Amelia Henry, “the third daughter of Michael Henry of Effingham House.”

    1872: A two day meeting at Brussels that had been called so that leading European Jews could discuss measures that could be taken to relieve the suffering of their co-religionist in Romania was scheduled to come to an end.

    1873: “In the hacienda of El Rosario, in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Francisco Ignacio Madero Hernández and Mercedes González Treviño gave birth to Mexican Revolutionary and President who employed Felix A. Sommerfield a colorful German Jew Felix A. Sommerfield as his Secret Service chief which lead to his further involvement in Mexican civil wars including working for Pancho Villa.

    1874: In London, Julia Matilda Cohen, “the daughter of Jacob and Matilda Waley” and her husband, Nathaniel Louis Cohen, gave birth to Jacob Waley-Cohen

    1875(1st of Cheshvan, 5636): Rosh Chosesh Cheshvan and Parashat Noach

    1875: As the debate over the use of public tax dollars to support religious education it was reported that in New York the Catholic Schools receive almost $1,400,000 or 91% of the amount spent while the Jewish schools receive less than $26,000.

    1877: Birthdate of Salman Schocken, the German born publisher who became an ardent Zionist. Among other things, he founded Schocken Publishing House and published Haaretz.  His life is too rich and textured for this blog and you are urged to study from the many resources that tell his fascinating story.

    1878: Rebecca (nee Abrahams) Norva, the son of George Norva with whom he had four children, was buried to at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1879: In New York, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association is scheduled to present its first “down-town entertainment of the season” at the Pythagoras Hall.

    1880: Billee Taylor or The Reward of Virtue "a nautical comedy opera" by Edward Solomon, the Anglo-Jewish composer and conductor was first produced today at the Imperial Theatre in London

    1880: Birthdate of playwright and lyricist Aaron Hoffman whose works included “Welcome Stranger” a play set in “a narrow-minded New England town” where an “energetic kind-hearted Jew named Isidor Solomon confront the region’s “prejudice against the Jew” and whose basic theme “centers on the prejudice shown in some quarters against the Jew – because of fear or dislike of the Jew’s strong rivalry in business” or “because of his religion.

    1881: Dr. Kaufmann Kohler gave his first Sunday lecture this morning at Temple Beth-El in New York.  This is a reform championed by the Rabbi which will replace traditional Saturday morning services with an observance on Sunday since the realities of the American business world prevents people from attending services on the traditional day.

    1882: “Church Contributions” published today provided a breakdown of charitable efforts by denomination including the fact that there are 2,937 Jews in New York who have contributed $100,000 for “benevolent purposes” that there are 12,516 Jews throughout the United States who contributed $300,000 “for benevolent purposes.”

    1883: “Mr. Henry Irving In ‘The Bells’” published today gives a full-scale review of English actor Henry Irving’s performance in the American premiere of “The Bells.”  “The Bells” by Anglo-Jewish playwright Leopold Davis Lewis is based on “The Polish Jew” by the French team of Erckmann and Chatrian.

    1884(11th of Cheshvan, 5645): Isaac Honig, a native of Mayence who came to the United States in 1859 where he became a leading real estate dealer as well as a patron of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society and Mount Sinai Hospital passed away today.

    1884: In a letter written today, J.S. Moore was critical of the rabbi who was part of group of clergymen that met with Republican Presidential candidate James Blaine because they had only come “to speak evil about” his opponent Grover Cleveland saying that he at least should have known that the Biblical punishment for speaking evil is “leprosy.”

    1885: The newly elected officers of the United Hebrew Charities are: Henry Rice, President; Henry S. Allen and Morris Tuska, Vice Presidents; J.H. Hoffman, Treasurer; and I.S. Isaacs, Secretary.

    1887: Mrs. Philip J. Joachimsen, President of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society reported that currently the society is providing “a home” to 543 children, 384 of whom range in age from 2 to 5 years.  The facility which is on Washington Heights is the only facility in the city that provides shelter for “orphans, half-orphans or deserted children.”

    1887: “The Oldest Jewish Gravestone” published today relied on information first published in the Times of London to the latest discovery about the history of the Jews of Europe.  Up until now, a headstone on a grave in a cemetery at Worms dated 4660 (or 900 CE) has been thought to be the oldest of its kind.  But now a headstone has been found at “Zahlbach, a small village close to Mayence” that bears the date 4560 (806 BC).  After having been verified by Rabbi Lehman of Mayence, the stone was placed in the town’s museum.

    1888: It was reported today that in the last year the United Hebrew Charities of New York assisted 16,953 in the past year.  The society provided help to 29,602 immigrants who arrived at Castle Garden.  Approximately 2,600 people were “provided with employment” and 600 poor Jews were provided with free burial.  The society collected over $73,000.00 and spent all but $4,000 in providing assistance.

    1889: “He Talks To Hebrews” published today described a well-received address Colonel Elliot F. Shepard a prominent lawyer and civic leader gave at Avhavth Chesed in New York City.

    1889: Professor Morris Jastrow of the University of Pennsylvania presented a paper on “The Text Books of the Assyrians and Babylonians” at today’s meeting of the American Oriental Society.

    1889: David Harfeld, a Richmond pawnbroker and the brother of Rabbi Eugene Harfeld went on trial for bigamy today in New York City

    1889: “His Race Proud of Him” published today reported that Jesse Seligman presided over the dinner held in honor of Sir Julian Goldmid, Seligman praised the visiting Englishman as “one of the champions of Hebrew emancipation throughout the world” who “had made this voice heard in the halls of Parliament in behalf of civil and religious liberty and the removal of political disabilities from Jewish citizens of all nations.”

    1890: According to reports in the London Figaroand the New York Times, the key to Baron Hirsch’s close relationship with the Prince of Wales is a combination of his great wealth and, more importantly, his good manners.  The Baron is considered remarkable for his philanthropy and his love of England.

    1891: As Russia reels from a series of social and economic problems that have been exacerbated by a famine it was reported today that “the suffering Russian peasantry has…avenged their sufferings upon the Jews who are already under an official as well as popular ban and this direction of their energies is entirely pleasing to the Russian Government.”

    1892: Twenty women and sixty-three men, all of whom are Polish and Russian Jews were arrested today at the cloakmaking fir of S.M. Levi & Co on charges that they had violated the laws banning working on Sunday.

    1892: V. Henry Rothschild, Lyman G. Bloomingadle, Isaac Eppinger, Sigmund Neustadt, Isidor Straus, Louis Gans, Samuel H. Eckman and Henry S. Hermnaa were elected directors of the Montefiore Home for Chronic Invalids when the patrons and managers held their annual meeting today.

    1892: “Felix Adler’s New Book” published today provides a detailed review The Moral Instruction of Children by Felix Adler.

    1893: “Koh-i-Noor” a one act operetta authored by Oscar Hammerstein opened tonight at Koster and Bial’s Music Hall.

    1894(30th of Tishrei, 5655): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    1894: The Board of Estimate and Apportionment is scheduled to meet today to consider requests for 1895 including $80,000 by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, $85,000 for the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York Orphan Asylum and $5,000 for the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children

    1894: Superintendent Stump of the Bureau of Immigration has received a letter from Baron Hirsh, stating that the Jewish Colonization Society, of which Baron Hirsch is the head, is engaged in diverting Jewish immigration from the United States to Argentina; a county that is more open to accepting the Jewish immigrants.

    1895: President Henry Rice and General Manager Nathaniel S. Rouseau presented the annual reports at the annual meeting of the United Hebrew Charities which was held at Temple Emanu-El today.

    1896(23rd of Cheshvan, 5657): Samuel Corn, a native of Prussia who came to the United States in 1825 at the age of 22 where he became a successful businessman in the cap and furrier business as well as a patron of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Society and the Montefiore Home passed away today.

    1897: In the United Kingdom, Morris Joseph and the former Frances Ameila Henry celebrated their silver anniversary.
    1897(4th of Cheshvan, 5658): Parashat Noach
    1897:  Dr. Adler, the Chief Rabbi delivered the sermon at the Hampstead Synagogue where he also consecrated “the new class rooms which have been erected” next to the synagogue.
    1898: Three days after he had passed away, Harris Isaacs was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”
    1898: Birthdate of Lothar Kreyssig the German judge who defied the Nazis by trying to stop their euthanasia program and who hid two Jews on his farm.
    1899: In Saratov, Russia, Yakov Arkad'evich Khazin and Vera Yakovlevna Khazina gave birth to Nadezhda Yakovlevna Mandelstam the author and educator who was the wife of poet Osip Mandelstam.

    1899:Major Karri Davies was among the Jewish soldiers who fought during the Siege of Ladysmith which began today during the Second Boer War.

    1899: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi B.A. Elzas officiated at the wedding of Joe H. Epstein and Bertha N. Mothner.

    1900: In Kishinev, Chazkel and Dvoira Gurfinkel gave birth to Goldie Steinberg (née Gurfinkel) a survivor of the Kishinev Pogrom and the widow of Philip Steinberg, who lived to the age of 114 years, 290 days.”

    1903: During the debate over accepting Uganda as a Jewish homeland, even on a temporary basis, the newspaperDie Weltpublishes Menachem Ussishkin's letter and Herzl's answer. Menachem Ussishkin opposed an expedition to Uganda.

    1904: Cypriotes in Athens, Greece adopt a resolution, which they plan to send to England to protest against the increasing immigration of Jews to Cyprus.1905: The massacre and pillage of the Jews of Odessa which would leave 8,000 dead and 12,000 dead began today.

    1905(1stof Cheshvan, 5666): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    1905: A production of “In New York Town,” a musical comedy based on the work of Loney Haskell” and “with music by Albert Von Tilzer” opened today at the Fourteenth Street Theatre.

    1905: After a nation-wide strike, Russia’s Czar Nicholas II issued a manifesto granting a constitution and a Duma (parliament) in which the Constitutional Democrats (Cadets) and Social Democrats would participate. These revolutionaries many of whom were Jews, were known as the "Octoberists." The reforms did not work.  Conditions worsened, in part because the Czar was a weak ruler and not committed to reform.  Seventeen years later, Russia would explode in a revolution that would bring the Communists to power.

    1907: In Chicago, “Morris Paul Tax and Kate (Hanwit Tax” gave birth to Sol Tax, who earned a Ph.D from the University of Chicago and founded “Current Anthropology.”

    1910: A review of three plays by Arthur Schnitzler published today decries the fact that there is no English theatre equivalent to the German theatre as represented by Schnitzler’s work.  That Schnitzler was actually an Austrian born Jew did not keep the critic from identifying the noted playwright as being “German.”  Of course large numbers of the Jews in Austria and Germany would see themselves in the same way until they had their rude awakening in the 1930’s.

    1910: During a pogrom known as the Shiraz Blood Libel, 12 Jews were killed, 50 more were injured and 6,000 were robbed of all their possession by a mob seeking vengeance for the baseless charge that the Jews had ritually murdered a Muslim girl.

    1912: The first phase of the State of New York v Charles Becker came to an end.  Becker was a police officer who had been charged with having a group of Jewish gangsters from the Lower East Side murder Herman Rosenthal, a well-known New York gambler.

    1912: When the Bulgarians captured the Greek city of Didymoteikhon, the economic conditions of the Jews deteriorated when a great deal of their property including Jewish owned stores were damaged or destroy.

    1914: The Ottoman Empire enters the Great War as an ally of Germany and Austro-Hungary.  

    1914: During the election campaign Nathan Strauss spoke at Niblo’s Gardens where he “struck down the charges of religious prejudice” that had been unfairly lodged against Governor Glynn.

    1914: Dr. Bernard Drachman, the rabbi of Congregation Oham Zedek spoke out against the injection of religious prejudice in the current gubernatorial campaign.

    1915: It was reported today that of the one million refugees created by the Russian withdrawal on the Eastern front who are facing mass starvation, 200,000 of them are Jews from Lithuania.

    1915: In New York “Therese Friendly Wachenheimer and Samuel Wachenheimer, a jewelry manufacturer” gave birth to Ferdinand Friendly Wachenheimer who gained fame as Fred Friendly, the courageous, creative producer who worked with Edward Morrow on See It Now.  There most famous broadcast was the one exposing Senator McCarthy.  George Clooney played the role of Friendly in Good Night and Good Luck which captured the courage of Friendly and Morrow as well as the hostile environment in which they lived.

    1915: “A financial report issued” today by “the American Jewish Relief Committee of which Felix  Warburg is treasurer listed donors and their donations including $15 from the Jewish inmates at Green Meadow Prison, $100 from the Lawrence, Massachusetts Jewish Relief Committee, $70 from the Hebrew Literary Social Club and $32 from Temple Israel in Uniontown, PA.

    1915: It was decided today to award the Nobel Prize in Medicine to Dr. Robert Barany of Vienna University for his work in the physiology and pathology of the ear.

    1916(3rd of Cheshvan, 5677): Eighty-four year old German author and satirist Julius Stettenheim passed away today.

    1916: Birthdate of New York native Herb Gershon who played for ten years in the American Basketball League, one of the forerunners of what is now the National Basketball Association where one of his teammates was New York University grad Simon “Si” Bordman.

    1917: Today, Rabbi David Goldberg was commissioned “as the first Jewish Chaplain in the United States Navy – which must have been a lonely role to play since he was the only rabbi to be commissioned by the Navy.

    1918: Two days after she had passed away, 18 year old Mary Sack was buried at the “Streatham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1918: Sándor Wekerle, who had supported “a bill providing for equal religious rights for Jews and Christians” completed his second term as Prime Minister of Hungary.

    1918: “Towards the end of World War I, the Sharifian Army led by Emir Faisal, backed by the British Army, captured Damascus from the Ottomans as part of the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire.”

    1918: The Ottoman Empire signed an armistice signifying the end of hostilities for World War I.  The news was greeted with great joy by the Jews of Palestine who believed that a benign British military government would allow them to live under the terms of the Balfour Declaration.

    1919: Birthdate of Czarna (née Zielinski) Levy, the native of Poltusk who was the wife of Reuven “Ruwek” (Lewin) Levy

    1919: In Poland, “Yisrael Aryeh Werdyger, a well-to-do wholesaler of men's shirts and dry goods and a prominent member of the Gerrer Hasidic community of Kraków (Cracow)” and his wife gave birth to their youngest son, David Werdyger, the Holocaust survivor and “Chasidic Chazan” “considered to be one of the pioneers of 20th century Jewish music.”

    1920(18thof Cheshvan, 5681): Parashat Vayera

    1920: Dr. Maurice H. Harris is scheduled to deliver a sermon this morning on “Unsuspected Powers” at Temple Israel of Harlem.

    1920: At Petach Tikvah in Brooklyn, Rabbi Aaron Eisenman is scheduled deliver a sermon “The Greatnes of Human Sympathy.

    1920: Dr. H.G. Enelow is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “The Jew and the Bible” at Temple Emanu-El.

    1920: Rabbi Max Reichler is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Perpetual Youth” at Sinai Temple of the Bronx.

    1922: Benito Mussolini became Premier of Italy. Mussolini was no anti-Semite.  Several Jews supported him and he had a Jewish mistress.  Mussolini would turn on the Jews during the 1930’s.  How much of this was a matter of his own doing and how much was merely in response to curry favor with Hitler has become a matter of debate.  Any diminution of suffering enjoyed by the Italian Jews was a credit to the people of Italy and not to Mussolini.

    1923: Four days after he had passed away, Abraham Sackwild was buried today at the “East Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1923: In New York, Yiddish theatre performer Berel and Helen Bernardi gave birth Herschel Bernardi best known for his portrayal of “Lieutenant Jacoby” on the television detective show “Peter Gunn.”

    1926(22ndof Cheshvan, 5687):Rebbe Yissachar Dov, the third Rebbe of the Belz Chasidic dynasty and the father of Aharon Roekach who would succeed him and become the fourth Rebbe of the Belz Hasidic dynasty passed away today.
    1927: With more than 1,000 representatives of American Zionism to hear his challenge at a conference in Cleveland, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, of New York, today called upon Zionist leaders attending the national conference on Palestine to hold Britain to its pledge to carry out the obligations of the Balfour Declaration of 1917 to facilitate the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

    1928:  Birthdate of Daniel Nathans, the son of Russian Jewish immigrants.  Despite the fact that his father lost his business during the Great Depression, Nathans took advantage of the American education system graduating from Washington University in St. Louis.  A microbiologist, he spent at least some of his time at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovoth. Nathans won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1978. He won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1978.   He passed away in 1999.

    1930: In Brooklyn, Samuel Adelman, “an amateur photographer and craftsman who helped install the floors when Harry S. Truman renovated the White House” after WW II and the form Anna Pomerantz gave birth to Robert Melvin Adelman, the free-lance photographer best known for his pictures of the fight to end segregation in the South. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

    1930: Austrian born bacteriologist and pathologist Dr. Karl Landsteiner won the Nobel Prize for Medicine today.  Since 1922, Landsteiner has been doing his research at New York City’s Rockefeller Institute ofr Medical Research.

    1931: “The Yellow Ticket” the cinematic adaption of the play by the same name that tells a tale about Russian Jews living under martial law that features Mischa Auer as “Melchior” was released in the United States today.

    1932:The Jack Benny Program is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio.

    1932: A rabbi officiated at the marriage of Czech born American talent agent Paul Kohner, the founder of Paul Kohner Talent Agency and Mexican actress Lupita Tover at the home of his parents “Julius "Kino" Kohner, who managed the local movie theater and published a film industry newspaper, and his mother was Helene Kohner (née Beamt).”

    1933: Irma Lindheim, a wealthy American-born Jewish woman who became President of Hadassah in 1926 joined Kibbutz Mishmar Haemek today

    1935: In Hampstead, London, Helen (née Zlota) and George Joseph Winner gave birth to director and producer Robert Michael Winner who was best known as “a restaurant critic for The Sunday Times

    1935: In New York, Cele (née Mendelow) and Benjamin Caro gave birth to  author Robert Caro, best known for his multi-volume biography of Lyndon Johnson

    1935:As reported in today’s Baltimore Sun, “Long owned by the Dukes of Brunswick, the treasure was purchased by a consortium of art dealers and sold to the government of Prussia.”  “The treasure” refers to 82 pieces of the Guelph treasure which four Jewish art dealers, Zachary Max Hackenbroch, Julius Falk Goldschmidt, Isaac Rosenbaum and nephew Saemy Rosenberg bought from the Duke of Brunswick for 7.5 million reichsmarks in1929” and “the government of Prussia” refers to Hermann Goering.

    1936: In London Hester and Siegfried Sassoon gave birth to their only child George Sassoon whose father described his expectations for his son to Max Beerbohm when he wrote "Will he, I wonder, become Prime Minister, Poet Laureate, Archbishop of Canterbury, or merely Editor of The Times Literary Supplement? Or Master of The Quorn? Or merely Squire of Heytesbury?"

    1936: “The Trouble with Money” a Dutch comedy directed by Max Ophuls and produced by Will Tuschinksi the son Dutch businessman Abraham Tuschinski  who built the famous movie theatre in Amsterdam that bears his name and who was murdered at Auschwitz, was released today in the Netherlands.

    1936: A law promulgated today that empowers Josef Wagner “the new price commissar recently by ‘economic dictator’ Hermann Goering to fix ‘just prices’ for ‘goods and services of all kinds’” demonstrated that “Hitler’s second Four Year Plan” was not based on the “capitalistic law and supply and demand” but on “a more socialistic managed economy.”  (The term Nazi meant National Socialist, a fact conveniently forgotten who sought to paint Hitler as anti-Communist defending the Free Enterprise System)

    1936: While delivering a speech on the economy tonight in Berlin, Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels declared “I am told that the Jews are becoming impertinent again.  Let them beware.  The more impertinent they become, the harder will be our laws.”

    1938: In “A Poignant Record of Palestine,” published today T.R. Ybarra reviewed Going Home by Ernst Harthern, a German newspaper correspondent who has been working in Scandinavia which means he has been spared much direct contact with Hitler and his Nazis.  In fact Hitler is not mentioned in this book which described Harthern’s first visit to Palestine in which he has the sensation of a true homecoming.  As he says at one point, “Almost anywhere on earth there are more modern buses with better springs, but they are not Jewish buses.”

    1938: Birthdate of Marina Ratner, the Moscow native who had to overcome the anti-Semitism of her native land to become an award winning Israeli mathematician.

    1938: In “Fear Colors All Life In The Stricken Holy Land” Madeleine Miller describes the toll that Arab violence which she describes as a “civil war” has taken on Jews and Arabs.

    1938: Mitch Miller was playing oboe with the CBS Symphony tonight during the broadcast of “The War of the Worlds” based on a script co-authored by Howard Koch.

    1938: Washingtonian Henry Brylawski, the future president of the Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington was among those who heard the broadcast “The War of the Worlds” today.

    1938(5thof Cheshvan, 5699): Fifty-two year old Baruch Nachman Charney (Baruch Charney Vladeck), the American Jewish labor leader who was the manager of the Jewish Daily Forward passed away today.

    1938: This afternoon help arrived at Zbaszyn for the Polish Jews deported from Germany “from Warsaw, supplied by Emanuel Ringelblum and Yitzhak Gitterman of the Joint Distribution Committee, who were to form the General (Jewish) Aid Committee for Jewish Refugees from Germany in Poland”

    1939: Heinrich Himmler head of the S.S. was instructed to have about a million people transported from the Generalgouverenment. Half are to be Jews and half are to be Poles.

    1939: SS chief Heinrich Himmler designates the next three months as the period during which all Jews must be cleared from the rural areas of western Poland. Hundreds of communities will be affected, and thousands of Jews will be expelled with nothing but what they can carry with them.

    1940: In New York, “Mollie and Walter Fox, a Jewish immigrant from Poland gave birth to composer Charles Ira Fox whose score for “The Other Side of the Mountain” was nominated for a Golden Globe.

    1941(9th of Cheshvan, 5702): Four thousand Jews are murdered at Nesvizh, Belorussia.

    1941: A 12-year-old boy who escapes the Ninth Fort massacre of October 28 returns to the Kovno Ghetto and reveals what happened.

    1942: “The Men in Her Life” directed and produced by Gregory Ratoff with a script by Frederick Kohner and music by David Raskin was released in the United States today.

    1942; The New York Times features a review of On Native Grounds: An Interpretation of Modern American Prose Literatureby the Jewish author Alfred Kazin.

    1943(1stof Cheshvan, 5704): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    1943(1stof Cheshvan, 5704): Max Reinhardt, the Austrian-born American who was a director in both live theatre and film passed away today in New York at the age of 70.  If you read the New York Times obituary of this (for his time) titan of the theatre and cinema you will find no mention of the fact that he was in New York because after the Anschlusshe could not remain in Austria.

    1943: Dr. Zelik Levinbok, a Jewish doctor interned at the Koldichevo camp in Belorussia, escapes with his wife and eight-year-old son.

    1944: Rudolf Kastner “travelled to St. Gallen, accompanied by Kurt Becher and Dr. Wilhem Billitz, director of the Manfred Weiss Works.

    1944: The Martha Graham ballet ''Appalachian Spring,'' with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress, with Graham in a leading role. Aaron Copland is another example of an American Jew who helped create a uniquely American culture.

    1944: The final deportation train from Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, to Auschwitz arrives at the camp. Of the 2038 prisoners on board, 1689 are immediately gassed.

    1944: Edith Frank was separated from her daughters today when she was selected for the gas chambers; a fate she avoided when with a friend “she escaped to another section of the camp.”

    1944:Alberto Carlos de Liz-Texeira Branquinho, Portugal’s Chargé d'Affaires in Budapest who is credited with saving the lives of thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied Hungary” was recalled to Lisbon today.

    1944: The Nazis deported Margot and Anne Frank from Auschwitz to Bergen Belsen, where they both died five months later.

    1944(13th of Cheshvan, 5705): On her 75thbirthday, Sophie Eber, the widow of Ernst Erno Eber, and the “mother of Vilma Eber; Grete Eber; Erzsébet Anna Éber and Olga Eber” passed away in her home town of Vienna.

    1945:  “The Day Before Spring” a Lerner and Loewe musical “opened at the Shubert Theatre in Boston.”

    1945: On the West Side of Manhattan, “Ilse Anna Marie Winkler (née Hadra) and Harry Irving Winkler, a lumber company president” who had “emigrated from Berlin, Germany, to the United States in 1939, on the eve of World War II” gave birth to actor and director Henry Franklin Winkler who foar a whole generation of television viewers will always be The Fonz of the sitcom Happy Days.

    1946: In New Rochelle, NY, Cecile Mitchell and Sydney Mitchell, “the chief executive officer and partial owner of a furniture company and longtime president of New Rochelle’s Beth El Synagogue gave birth to NBC newscaster Andrea Mitchell. When asked if her Judaism has ever been an issue, positive or negative, in the course of her career she responded as follows.  “It's certainly not been a negative issue. I think when I was watching the signing of the Camp David Accords in 1979, after the Camp David Summit in 1978; I certainly felt a tremendous emotional connection to the issue and to the chances of a breakthrough between the Israelis and the Arabs. Seeing Sadat and Begin was a very emotional experience. Similarly, in 1993 I was one of many people on the South Lawn who were very excited about prospects for peace, when we finally saw Rabin and Arafat shake hands under the guidance of Bill Clinton. Perhaps it made me more eager to go the West Bank and interview people and learn more about the Palestinian perspective. So I think it's less a religious issue than a cultural connection to the Middle East. One other experience that was important was the controversy over President Reagan's visit to the cemetery in Bitburg where S.S. soldiers were buried. I remember when Elie Weisel came to appeal to the president not to go. That was a very powerful experience for me. I spent a lot of time covering that issue, then we ended up going and visiting Bergen-Belsen with the president. Certainly all of my childhood experiences and my parents' stories about the Holocaust are part of my personal and intellectual history. Our family was not Holocaust survivors, but it was a very important part of the way we were raised. My mother and father talked about it all the time.”

    1946: British authorities held groups described as “Zionist extremists” responsible for the death of two British soldiers and one British police sergeant who were killed in separate land mine explosions today.

    1947: “A Haganah sourced said today that a number of” its leading members “had been attacked and would by members of…Irgun Zvai Leumi in the Tel Aviv region last night.”

    1948: During the War For Independence, Egyptian planes dropped supplies to their troops trapped in the Faluja pocket.

    1948: The village Sa'sa' which was later re-built as a Kibbutz in the Upper Galilee “was demolished by the Israeli Seventh Brigade and Oded Brigade today.”

    1948: During Operation Hiram, the Carmeli Brigade successfully fulfilled it mission of thwarting counter attacks from Syria and Lebanon when it crossed into Lebanon and surged all the way to the Litani River.

    1949: Birthdate of James Judd, native of Hertfordshire who is “Music Director of the Israel Symphony Orchestra Rishon LeZion

    1950: During the Korean War, Chinese forces attacked Tibor Rubin’s unit (Company I, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division) at Unsan, North Korea during a massive nighttime assault.” Tibor manned a 30 caliber machine gun at the south end of the unit's line which would mark the start of one-man holding operation that lasted for more than twenty four hours. (Based on Tibor’s Medal of Honor Citation)

    1952,The Jerusalem Post reported that the Jewish National Fund had been granted a six million dollar loan by the Bank of America to further settlement activities in draining the Hula region, and for land reclamation and acquisition.

    1952:  The Jerusalem Post reported that work began on the 165-meter westward extension of Haifa Port's main quay to make it accessible to the largest ship in the Mediterranean.  Building a new state took many forms including immigrant absorption, irrigating the Negev and expanding port facilities for future export trade.

    1953: “Take the High Ground” a war movie set in Korea directed by Richard Brooks, produced by Dore Schary with music by Dimitri Tiomkin was released in the United States today by MGM.

    1953(21stof Cheshvan, 5714): Sixty-nine year old classical pianist Leonid Kreutzer passed away today in Tokyo.

    1955:Mohammed V, who according to Meredith Hindley, found Vichy’s laws pertaining to Jews “appalling” and did what he could given his limited power, to ameliorate their affect began his reign as Sultan Morocco.

    1956: During the Sinai Campaign Israel captured the Egyptian military post at El-Thamad 

    1956: Soldiers in Rafael Eitan’s regiment spot an Egyptian armored column and call for an airstrike which destroys the vehicles, that unbeknownst to the Israelis, are empty because the Egyptian soldiers were already in position in the Mitla Pass.

    1956: During the Sinai Campaign Israeli paratroops dug in to hold the Mitla Pass and await what would be the successful linkup with IDF armor moving overland.  Egyptian aircraft attacked the Israelis for the first time, but the IDF was able to hold its own despite long odds.

    1956: President Eisenhower assured Ben-Gurion that the United States would not censure Israel as long as the Sinai attack was not a grab for additional territory.  Ben-Gurion responded that all Israel wanted was the end of Egyptian support for the fedayeen (the name for Arab terrorists), the end of Arab economic warfare against Israel and the opening of the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping.  Ben-Gurion would stick to his goals.  Eisenhower would betray his promise. 

    1957: In San Francisco Elaine Harlow and Robert Pollak gave birth to Craig Pollak’s younger brother actor and comedian Kevin Elliot Pollak, who demonstrated the ability to provide those supporting roles that are key to a film’s success as can be seen by his portrayal of Sam Weinberg, the number 2 defense lawyer in “A Few Good Men” and Jacob Goldman in the “Grumpy old men” movies.

    1957: Birthdate of Moscow native Shlomo Mintz whose family moved to Israel in 1959 where he became a violin virtuoso and conductor.

    1958: In San Francisco, Elaine Harlow and Robert "Bobby" Pollak gave birth to their youngest son Kevin Elliot Pollak, host of Celebrity Poker.

    1959: U.S. Premiere of “The Wasp Woman” with music by Fred Katz.

    1961:Birthdate of Emmanuel Finkiel, the French-born producer/director of Voyages,considered by some to be the best Jewish film of 2000)

    1962: Yosefi Almogi began serving as Minister of Housing and Construction

    1963: Sixty-five year old Monsignor Hugh O’Flaherty whose courage in rescuing Italian Jews during WW II has earned him the sobriquet “the Irish Schindler” passed away today.

    1963: U.S. premiere of “A New Kind of Love” a romantic comedy directed, produced and written by Melville Shavelson, co-starring Paul Newman and featuring George Tobias and Marvin Kaplan

    1965(4thof Cheshvan, 5726): Parashat Noach

    1965(4thof Cheshvan, 5726): Seventy-seventy year old historian and Harvard professor Dr. Arthur Meir Schlesinger, Sr., whose father had converted and  the father of celebrity historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. passed away today in Boston.

    1966(16thof Cheshvan, 5727): Fifty-year old “Samuel Adelman, the Rabbi of Adath Jeshurun Synagogue in Newport News, VA” who spent four weeks in Russia during the summer of 1956 “as a member of the Rabbinical Council of America Mission to the Soviet Union” passed away today after which he was buried at Mount Nebo Memorial Park in Aurora, CO.

    1968: Israeli helicopter-borne Sayeret Matkal commandos carry out Operation Helem (Shock), destroying an Egyptian electric transformer station, two dams along the Nile River and a bridge. The blackout causes Nasser to cease hostilities for a few months while fortifications around hundreds of important targets are built. Simultaneously, Israel reinforces its position on the east bank of the Suez Canal by construction of the Bar Lev Line

    1968: “The Lion in Winter” the Oscar winning movie version of James Goldman’s play produced by Joseph E. Levine was released in the United States and the United Kingdom by Avco Embassy Pictures.

    1974(14thof Cheshvan, 5735):Eighty-four year old Brno born theatre director and producer who fled Europe after the Anschluss with his wife actress Adrienne Gessner and was the brother of author Hans Müller-Einigen passed away today.

    1974: The National Religious Party joined the governing coalition led by Yitzhak Rabin who had replaced Golda Meir as Prime Minister.

    1976: The second season of “Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids” with Lou Scheimer as the voice of “Dumb” Donald came to an end.

    1976: Clarence Chamberlin, the second man to fly the Atlantic and the first to do so with a passenger, passed away.  The passenger was a Jewish businessman from Massachusetts, Charles Albert Levine who had been dabbling in the new field of commercial aviation.

    1977:  The settlement of Mevo Dotan was founded on the West Bank by secular settlers.

    1979(9thof Cheshvan, 5740): Seventy-five year old Northwestern University School of Law Jack Nicholas Pritzker who was part of the family that founded the law firm of Pritzker and Pritzker as well as the Hyatt Hotel Chain and who was the husband of the former Rhoda Goldberg of Manchester, UK with whom he had one son Nicholas J. Pritzker passed away today.

    1981: “Halloween II” a slasher film directed by Rick Rosenthal was released today in the United States.

    1982: In Monmouth County, Temple Beth Miriam “hosted a gala Dinner-Dance in Jacobson Hall.”

    1984: Seventy-one year old Charles “Charlie” Thompson Winters, the American businessman who was imprisoned for his role in helping to smuggle three B-17’s to Israel during the War for Independence passed away today.

    1984(4thof Cheshvan, 5735): Eighty-four year old German actor and director Wolfgang Heinz, born David Hrisch, who “President of the Academy of the Arts in Berlin between 1968 and 1974” passed away today.

    1986: “ In 1986 Esther Rantzen, presenter of That's Life!, a popular consumer TV show, suggested to the BBC that they create "Childwatch", a program about child abuse that was screened today on BBC1, the aim being to try to detect children at risk before their lives were in danger”

    1988: NBC broadcast the first episode of “Family Ties,” a sitcom created by Gary David Goldberg in what would be its seventh and final season.

    1988: “At Temple Beth Israel in Niagara Falls, NY Rabbi Samuel Porath and Cantor Herbert Strauss officiated at the wedding of New York lawyer Claudia Leigh Grossman, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Grossman and Civil Engineer Aaron David Jaffe, a project manager with the Tishman Construction Company, the son “Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Jaffe of Shaker Heights, Ohio.”

    1991:  Mid East peace conference began in Madrid, Spain.

    1993(15thof Cheshvan, 5754): Eighty six year old “screenwriter and actress” Maria Matray, who fled her native Germany when the Nazis came to power but eventually returned after the war passed away today in Munich.

    1995: In a case of Jew versus Jews Ben Kamin, Senior Rabbi, Temple-Tifereth Israel Beachwood, Ohio, wrote the following letter-to-the editor in response to a column by Thomas L. Friedman.

    Thomas L. Friedman's Oct. 29 column on Israel's emerging and opulent culture says a great deal about postmodern Israel, but it ultimately oversimplifies. Israel is a lot more than a cell phone, and Jewish identity has to do with a lot more than a new shopping mall in Kfar Saba. I was born in Kfar Saba, and I share some of Mr. Friedman's amazement at the transition. It's true that the orchards of my childhood are giving way to shopping plazas, condominiums and automatic teller machines. But a lot of the fear and concern that was part of those years has given way to a certain contentment with life that was not part of things a generation ago. Contrary to Mr. Friedman's assertion, a Jew who can have a pizza delivered via a cellular phone is not a Jew with a lost identity. That is a Jew who is free. I remember Kfar Saba very vividly. The dusty, underdeveloped hamlet was a prototype of early Israel. My birth village, tucked next to the Samarian Mountains, sat on a tense border with what was then the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. A mile from my grandmother's house, where we lived, the Arab town of Qalqilya brooded with hostility and occasional mortar fire. When I sat with my grandmother on her back porch and recited the words of the Prophets, we could see the minarets of Qalqilya to the east. The Mediterranean Sea was just a few miles to the west. We were living the post-Holocaust predicament of national Jewish life in a land still fighting for its life. There was indeed a strong pioneering spirit in Kfar Saba and throughout the fledgling country. Our teachers came from many other lands and many difficult experiences. They often wept while leading us in Hebrew folk songs and exhorting us to love the Bible. The mailman came on a tall horse. His sinewy arms betrayed the tattoos of Auschwitz. There was something to be learned from every conversation with people who either valued or feared life. The orange groves of the valley sent us a fragrance that none of us shall ever forget. It was the smell of rebirth. Somehow we knew that we were the free children of a dream that the world had disparaged and that even Qalqilya next door was determined to destroy. Now, many groves are gone and the delicious smell is no more. Yes, my birth village of donkeys and orange trees is a successful hub of sports cars and video stores. It's so easy for all who no longer live there, who are not taking the risks of peace, to criticize and lament. How ironic to dispatch a report about the creeping technological dexterity of Israel via electronic mail. All Israel is doing is becoming more like us. This is what we hoped for a generation ago. None of us would begrudge an Israeli youngster the right not to be killed in battle, not to fear the future or not to call his or her mother via a cell phone from any army base in Lebanon. None of us who lived in quaint Kfar Saba back then wanted anything for our descendants but the chance to be free or prosperous enough to draw cash out of a machine or to enjoy a fashionable coffee outdoors in the very same century as Hitler and Eichmann.

    1996: Milton Berle was a guest on Howard Stern’s morning talk show.

    1997(29thof Tishrei, 5758): Eighty-five year old writer and director Samuel Fuller, the decorated war hero who filmed footage of the liberation of a concentration camp and used his experiences fighting with the famous 1st Division in the 1980 film “The Big Red One” passed away today.(As reported by Richard Severo)

    1998: “American History X” a film about neo-Nazis co-starring Elliott Gould was released today in the United States.

    1999 (Britain's emeritus chief rabbi, Lord Immanuel Jakobovits attended Shabbat services for the last time.  He suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and passed away on the following day.

    2000(1stof Cheshvan, 5761): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

    2000(1stof Cheshvan, 5761): The body of 30 year old Amos Makhlouf, who was the victim of an unknown murderer, was founded today in a ravine near Beit Jala.

    2001: Lawsuits are filed seeking the removal Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore’s Ten Commandments monument.  (Moore’s disregard for the Constitution is not a unique phenomenon in Alabama as anybody who remembers George Wallace and his ilk will know)

    2003: In Miami, The IsraFest Foundation proudly presented Don BrowneCOO of Telemundo Communications Group, with the 19th Israel Film Festival 2003 Lifetime Achievement Award; Community Activist and Philanthropist Marcy Lefton with the 2003 IFF Humanitarian Award and Innovative Artist Ilana Lilienthal and Human Potential Researcher Alexander Brodt with the 2003 IFF Visionary Award. The Award Ceremony, hosted by NBC TV columnist Ike Seamans, will be followed by a special screening of the award-winning smash hit Wisdom of the Pretzel to be introduced by writer/director Ilan Heitner and star Benni Avni.

    2003: Broadway premiere of the Stephen Schwartz musical “Wicked: The Untold Story of the Witches of Oz.”

    2004: The exhibition “David Bomberg en Ronda: at the Museo Joaquin Peinado in Ronda in Andalusia which showed work by Bomberg in the city and environment which he had celebrated in paintings and drawings in 1934-35 and 1954-47 came to an end.

    2004: “Houdini enthusiast Sidney Hollis Radner” who had bought most of Houdini’s “props and effects” including “the water torture cell” from the magician’s brother, Theodore Hardeen, in the 1940’s auctioned his collection today in Las Vegas.

    2005: Idina Menzel appeared off-Broadway in the Public Theater's production of “See What I Wanna See, “which premiered today and for which she received Drama Desk Award and Drama League Award nominations.

    2005: An Islamic Jihad fugitive was shot and killed by Israeli security forces in a gun battle that erupted outside a house in Kabatiyah near Jenin.  The man who died, rather than surrender to the Israelis, was being sought in connection with the part he played in the suicide attack on Hadera.  The murder killed five Israelis and wounded at least fifty people in the peaceful coastal town of 80,000.

    2005:The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interesting including Ahmad’s War, Ahmad’s Peace: Surviving Under Saddam, Dying in the New Iraqby Michael Goldfarb, Women’s Letters: America from the Revolutionary War to the Present, edited by Lisa Grunwald and Stephen J. Adler and Faith for Beginnersby Aaron Hamburger

    2006Israeli-born scholar Prof. Jehezkel Shoshani published an article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science identifying the remains of a 27-million-year-old creature unearthed in Eritrea as those of an ancestor of the modern elephant. The article describes an animal which was the size of a cow - about 1.5 meters high and weighing about half a ton - and has been named "Eritreum," for short. According to the fossil evidence, the animal had a long snout and small tusks, and fed mostly on vegetation. Prof. Shoshani, says it is the missing link in elephant evolution. It is customary to name new species after the scientist who discovers them. However, Shoshani chose to name the old-new creature after the farmer who found it and the country in which it was unearthed: Eritreum melekegabrachristos. He said he hoped that this would encourage the citizens of Eritrea to continue to assist scientific research.

    2006(8thof Cheshvan, 5767): Ninety year old Jacob Mendel Lazarus, the son of Sam and Annie Stein Lazarus and the husband of Maxine B. Lazaurs passed away today after which he was interred at the Sunset Hill Cemetery in Valdosta, GA.

    2006: Efraim Sneh was appointed Deputy Minister of Defense.

    2007: Columnist Michael J. Gerson, a former speechwriter for President Bush, discusses and signs Heroic Conservatism: Why Republicans Need to Embrace America's Ideals (And Why They Deserve to Fail If They Don't) in Reston, Virginia

    2007: Haaretz reports that a new memorial center opens at Bergen-Belsen camp.

    2007: The state prosecution told the High Court of Justice that it had changed its mind about the indictment of Moshe Katsav on the basis of evidence from the two key complainants.

    2007(18th of Cheshvan, 5768): Sixty-six year old Israeli comedian and actor Yisrael Poliakov died of cancer at the Rabin Medical Center-Beilinson Campus Petah Tikva  after which there was a public memorial service at the Cameri Theatre followed by a burial at Kibbutz Einat.
    2008: Dor Chadash presents the exclusive New York premiere of “The Debt.”  “Twenty years after WWII has ended, three Mossad agents kidnap the infamous "Surgeon of Birkenau" in Berlin. As they await their return to Israel with this monstrous Nazi war criminal, a psychological duel commences between the Nazi and the young Mossad agents.”

    2008(1st of Cheshvan, 5769): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan, 5769

    2008: The former manager of Agriprocessors was arrested on charges related to the hiring of illegal workers. Sholom Rubashkin was arrested today by immigration officials and was due to appear in federal court later that day.

    2008: Haaretz reported that an Israeli archaeologist digging at a hilltop south of Jerusalem believes a ceramic shard found in the ruins of an ancient town bears the oldest Hebrew inscription ever discovered, a find that could provide an important glimpse into the culture and language of the Holy Land at the time of the Bible.

    2008:The "gutter," or water system mentioned in the Bible as the way King David's men conquered Jerusalem may have been found. Dr. Eilat Mazar, an archaeologist excavating the City of David, the most ancient part of Jerusalem, believes it has, and is to present her findings this evening at a seminar at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

    2009:Hundreds of exhibits supporting a scathing report on the Securities and Exchange Commission’s past investigations of Bernard L. Madoff were released today by the author of the report, the agency’s inspector general, H. David Kotz. The exhibits include a full account of an interview with Mr. Madoff, who confessed in March to running the largest Ponzi scheme in history, a fraud whose victims number in the thousands and whose cash losses are now put at more than $21 billion..

    2009(12th of Cheshvan, 5770)Claude Lévi-Strauss the "father of modern anthropology" passed away. (As reported by Edward Rothstein

    2009:The Tower of David Museum presents: "Peace Making in Jerusalem--a Concert at the Tower of David Museum:"

    2009:Opening of "Synergy,” the new exhibit on display in Beit Tzarfat, at Hebrew University's Givat Ram campus. The group exhibit displays the drawing, sculpture, and photography of artists Ann Rakover, Gila Robinson, Datia Landau, Yitzhak Shalhevet and Sasson Tiram.

    2009: The Los Angeles Times featured a review of Ariel Sabar’s memoir “My Father's Paradise: A Son's Search for His Family's Past," which won a 2009 National Book Critics Circle Award and has just been reissued in paperback.

    2009: “Seven Jewish Children: A Play for Gaza” a play panned by The Sunday Times, condemned by the Board of Deputies of British Jews and described as “a blood libel” by Jeffrey Goldberg of The Atlantic opened at Gustavus Adolphus College today

    2010:Mark Zuckerberg received a "Medal of Fear" at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear

    2010: The 16th Annual R' Shlomo Carlebach Memorial Concert sponsored by The R' Shlomo Carlebach Foundation is scheduled to take place in Jerusalem.

    2010: The 15th Memorial Day Rally commemorating the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin is scheduled to be held at 7:30pm in Rabin Square in Tel Aviv.

    2010: Brazilian-born violist Myrna Herzog performed this evening at the Blumenthal Center in Tel Aviv.

    2011: Sam Kringlen, Temple Judah’s young violin virtuoso is scheduled to perform at The Hadassah Donor Dinner in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

    2011:The Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies in Chicago, Illinois, is scheduled to show Legado (Legacy) a documentary that tells the story of the Jewish colonization in Argentina.

    2011:Acclaimed up-and-coming novelists David Bezmozgis, author of The Free World and one of The New Yorker’s “2010 top 20 fiction writers under the age of 40;” Nadia Kalman, author of The Cosmopolitans; and Haley Tanner, author of Vaclav & Lena are scheduled to explore the modern Russian immigrant experience with moderator Faye Moskowitz, author and professor of English and creative writing at George Washington University at the Hyman S & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival.

    2011: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Jerusalem: The Biography” the 650 page epic tale by Simon Sebag Montefiore whose great-great uncle was Sir Moses Montefiore a giant of 19th century Jewry whom some only remember because of the windmill in Jerusalem that bears his name – Montefiore’s Windmill.

    2011:Israel was hit with another volley of rockets launched by Gaza militants, despite reports that Egypt was working to secure a truce between Israel and the Islamic Jihad that would halt all rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip effective 10 P.M.

    2011:Tel Aviv court sentences former soldier for gathering and possessing secret military documents, passing them to "Haaretz" reporter Uri Blau.  The Tel Aviv District Court sentenced Anat Kamm to four and a half years in prison this morning.

    2011:Minister Binyamin Netanyahu reiterated the Israeli government's policy of strict retaliation against those that harm Israelis, warning both Islamic Jihad and Hamas not to test Israel. His comments came the day after an Israeli man was killed by shrapnel when a Grad rocket hit Ashdod.

    2012: The Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra is scheduled to perform at the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles under the baton of Zubin Mehta.

    2012: Publication today of “The Hidden Stories of Jews and English Football.”

    2012: It was reported today that “actor Daniel Day-Lewis and his sister Tamasin are donating papers belonging to his father, the poet Cecil-Day Lewis which fill 54 boxes and included early drafts of the poet’s work” to Oxford University

    2012: “Forty Years on the Bimah” a retreat organized by 80 year old Leah Novick the oldest woman rabbi within the Reconstructionist, Reform, and Renewal movements came to an end today.

    2012: In Bloomfield Hills, MI, Temple Beth El is scheduled to present Jan Durecki speaking on “Behind the Wheel” part of the Rabbi Leo M. Franklin Archives Jewish History Detectives Lecture series.

    2012:Iran's foreign ministry spokesman said today that Tehran was ready to discuss the 1994 terrorist bombing of a Buenos Aires Jewish community center.

    2012:More than 120 major decision makers, scholars and leaders from around the Jewish world will attend a conference in Jerusalem today to discuss strategic issues facing the Jewish people and the State of Israel in the future.

    2013: Les Ballets Jazz de Montreal is scheduled to perform a new work by American-born Israeli choreographer Barak Marshal.

    2013: French Film Director Ilan Duran Cohen is scheduled to attend the opening of The UK Jewish Film Festival

    2013: “Wicked: The Untold Story of the Witches of Oz,” a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and book by Winnie Holzman celebrated its tenth anniversary on Broadway today.

    2013: The 25th annual Kosherfest is scheduled to come to an end today.

    2013: The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra under the direction of conductor/violinist Julian Rachlin is scheduled to perform tonight at The Beverly Hills Hotel.

    2013:Today the Israel Antiquities Authority released the discovery of a 1,700 year old curse found at the City of David archaeological site in Jerusalem.

    2013: Teva Pharmaceutical Industries announced today that its president and CEO for the past two years, Jeremy Levin, has agreed to step down. Trading in shares of Teva were halted following the announcement of Levin's departure, and once trading resumed, the stock plummeted by 8 percent.

    2014: The Skirball Center is scheduled to present Jerry Rabow lecturing on “The Lost Matriarch: Finding Leah in the Bible and Midrash.”

    2014: Louis Black is scheduled to perform at the Hull Center in Eugene, Ohio

    2014:“Rescue, Relief, and Renewal: 100 Years of ’the Joint’ in Poland” is scheduled to open at the Galicia Jewish Museum in Krakow today.

    2014: YIVO and the Museum of the City of New York are scheduled to present “Creating History: Can We Tell the Past?”

    2014: “The suspected shooter in yesterday’s assassination attempt on a Temple Mount activist in Jerusalem was killed in the mixed Jewish-Arab Jerusalem neighborhood of Abu Tor early this morning following a shootout with police.” (As reported by Ilan Ben Zion)

    2014: “A senior IDF official warned today that Lebanon’s Hezbollah terror group would likely target Ben Gurion International Airport and the Haifa seaport in a future war with Israel in an attempt to cut Israelis off of international travel.”

    2014:Kevin Youkilis “announced his retirement from baseball.”

    2014: Thaler Holocaust Memorial Fund Planning Committee under the direction of Dr. Bob Silber is scheduled to meet in Cedar Rapids, IA.

    2015: Judge Thomas Kelly Ryan set today as the sentencing date for “Frazier Glenn Miller Jr., 74, a former Ku Klux Klan leader with a history of racist and anti-Semitic actions who was convicted of capital murder in the shooting deaths of three people (none of whom were Jewish) a year ago at a Jewish community center and an assisted living facility in suburban Kansas City.”

    2015: “Academic, writer, and cultural diplomat Annie Cohen-Solal is scheduled to discuss European and American modernism, the work of Niki de Saint Phalle, and the interactions among art, literature, and society” at the American Art Museum.

    2015: “Hana’s Suitcase,” Emil Sher’s adaptation of Karen Levine’s best-selling novel is scheduled to be performed for the last time at the Young People’s Theatre in Toronto.

    2015(17th of Cheshvan, 5776): “Dr. Joel Elkes, who published the first scientific trial of a medication for schizophrenia and became a foundational figure in modern psychiatry, describing a framework to understand how brain chemistry shapes behavior” passed away today at the age of 101. (As reported by Benedict Carey)
    2015: Paul Singer, a billionaire New York investor sent a letter “dozen of Republican donors” describing Senator Marco Rubio as being “the only candidate who can navigate the complex primary process and still be in a position to defeat Hillary Clinton in a general election.”

    2015: An “Israeli man in his 20s sustained moderate injuries after being stabbed near the Ammunition Hill light rail station on Bar-Lev Street by a 23-year-old resident of Kfar Akeb in East Jerusalem” while “a second man was injured by police gunfire when security forces tried to subdue the attacker, who was shot and critically wounded.”

    2015: Cellist Inbal Segev is scheduled to perform J.S. Bach’s Cello Suites at Bargemusic in Brooklyn.

    2016: The New York Times featured books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including recently released paperback editions of Killing A King: The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and the Remaking of Israel by Dan Ephron, America’s Bank: The Epic Struggle to Create the Federal Reserve by Roger Lowenstein and The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle by Lillian Faderman

    2016: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host an Open House at its new offices.

    2016: Today, “Noa and her longtime collaborator, Gil Dor, are scheduled to return to the Skirball Center for an intimate concert with special guest singer/songwriter Mira Awad.”

    2016: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a lecture by Rhoda Miller on “Long Island’s Jewish History.”

    2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host a lecture by award-winning cookbook author Joan Nathan which will include a look at her new book King Solomon’s Table.

    2016: As part of the Jewish Film Series, the Jewish Federation of Greater Des Moines is scheduled to host a screening of “Marvin Hamlisch: What he did for Love.”

    2016: In Ridgefield, CT, Congregation Shir Shalom is scheduled to host an afternoon of musical theatre history featuring Ira Joe Fisher.

    2016: “Last Portraits” “a new Dutch film about Annemie Wolff” who courageously created a photographic record of Dutch Jewry during the German occupation is scheduled to be shown as the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center opens a new exhibition “Lost Stories, Found Images.”

    2016: The unveiling of Kevin Skinner’s matzevah is scheduled to take place this afternoon at Eben Israel Cemetery in Cedar Rapids, IA.

    2016: Today, Anna Grinis “a 75 year old Russian born Israeli woman” “who was just two days old when World War II broke out” “was crowned Israel’s 5th‘Miss Holocaust Survivor’ in an unconventional beauty pageant dedicated to women who survived the horrors of World War II”

    2016 “Senior journalist Ari Shavit resigned from both Haaretz and Channel 10 today as a former J Street staffer came forth as the “second woman to accuse him of sexual harassment.”

    2016: In Chicago, the Cubs led by President Theo Epstein are scheduled to take on the Cleveland Indians led by General Manager Mike Chernoff in the fifth game of the World Series.

    2017: The Temple Emanue-El Streicker Center is scheduled to host an evening with former first daughters Jenna Bush Hager and Barbara Pierce Bush.

    2017: Amid charges of sexual misconduct NBC and MSNBC “terminated Mark Halperin’s contract with the network.

    2017(10th of Cheshvan, 5778): Ninety-six year old Argentine native Dr. Salvador Minuchin, a cutting-edge American psychotherapist passed away today.  (As reported by Sam Roberts)

    2017(10th of Cheshvan, 5778): Seventy-seven year old urban photographer Mel Rosenthal passed away today.  (As reported by Neil Genzlinger)

    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host an interfaith discussion co-facilitated by Rabbi Michael Rosenfeld-Schueler where attendees will examine the topic of the “Mind” by “looking at texts from the three Abrahamic traditions, Christianity, Islam and Judaism.”

    2017: Dr. David Kraemer is scheduled to lecture on “Diaspora In Jewish History and Thought” in which he examines the ways in which, over 2,500 years, the diaspora competed with Zion “allowing for the growth of Torah even when are distant from their original home” which is an alternative to view that Jewish history is 2 millennia of misery that could only relieved by a return to Israel.

    2018: Vanderbilt University and the Nashville Jewish Film Festival are scheduled to host a screening of “Who Will Write Our History: The Secret Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto” followed a by a discussion with the executive producer, Nancy Spielberg the sister of Steven Spielberg.

    2018: In London, the Jewish Museum is scheduled to host “Generation Unexpected and Jewish Life in Contemporary Poland” in which “theatre makers Katka Reszke and Michael Rubenfeld discuss Jewish life and culture in today’s Poland.”

    2018: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host “All About Seltzer,” in which Barry Joseph, author of Seltzertopia: The Extraordinary Story of an Ordinary Drink, Kenny Gomberg, the third-generation owner of Gomberg Seltzer Works in Canarsie and hit cookbook author, Adeena Sussman” discuss “the Jewish Champaign.”

    2018: The Frankel Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan is scheduled to host “Whitechapel Noise: Politics, sex and religion in Yiddish rhyme on the streets of London’s East End 1884-1914,” in which “Vivi Lachs of Birkbeck, University of London will examine Yiddish kupletn (rhyming couplets) written by Jewish immigrant songwriters and poets in pre-World War I London.”

    2018: The American Sephardi Federation and Reimagine are scheduled to present “Crafting a Memory; Preserving a Memory” which will included a “tour of the Spanish and Portuguese Cemetery” and a workshop at The Center for Jewish History.

    2018: After five days, “The Israel Ride,” the country’s “premiere cycling experience sponsored by the Arava Institute for Environmental Studies is scheduled to come to an end today.

    2018: Israel is scheduled to hold municipal elections including one in Tel Aviv, “where Ron Huldai, a former fighter pilot with a 20 year seniority as mayor, will face competition from his own deputy mayor for the past ten years Asaf Zamir and comedian turned entrepreneur Assaf Harel.

    2018: A public letter in Arab media from "the Islamic nationalist forces in Al-Quds (Jerusalem)” calling on Arab Jerusalemites to boycott today’s elections asserted: "Whoever takes part in the elections is a traitor who harms all the Palestinian values.”

    2018: The day after he called the press the “true Enemy of People” in an early morning tweet, President Trump is scheduled to visit Pittsburgh in the wake of Saturday’s murder of eleven Jews in their synagogue by a gunman who reportedly called for the death of the Jews and took particular exception to the work of HIAS because it aids immigrants.




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    OCTOBER 31

    445 BCE: In Jerusalem Ezra, the Scribe reads the Scroll of the Law, the Torah, to the Jews of Judea as described in Nehemiah 9:1. 

    475: Twenty five years after the redaction of the Jerusalem Talmud, Orestes refused to “wear the Purple” and named his son Romulus Augustus as Western Roman Emperor.  Romulus Augustus would be the last person to hold this job and when he was deposed in 476 it marked the end of the Roman Empire, at least in the West.  This period of chaos combined with the rise of Christianity as the state religion in Europe was not conducive to the well-being of the Jews who had settled in what once had been the Roman Empire.

    1345: Birthdate King Fernando I of Portugal.  During his reign Jews not only enjoyed a certain amount of self-government through the position of a Chief Rabbi or Ar-Rabbi Mor.  The King trusted Jews so much that Don Judah served as his chief treasurer and Don David Negro served as “his confidant and counselor.”

    1391: Birthdate of King Duarte of Portugal who during his reign enacted laws prohibiting Jews from employing Christians.

    1497: Last date given by King Manuelfor Jews to leave Portugal. Four years after the expulsion of Jews from Spain, he had ordered them expelled from Portugal. As his real desire was not to see the Jews leave for financial reasons, he only opened one port forcing most of them to remain behind after the designated date then baptizing them against their will.

    1514: Birthdate of Viennese cartographer Wolfgang Lazius who “suggested that after Babel the earliest Hebrews had migrated from Mesopotamia to German” and who found evidence of Hebrew in European languages

    1517: Luther posted 95 theses on Wittenbergchurch starting the Protestant Reformation.  From the point of view of Jewish history it is ironic that Luther took his action on Halloween, the holiday known for trick or treat.  In his battle with the Pope, Luther sought to gain the support of the Jews.  He publicly admitted that Christians had ill-treated the Jews and it was time to change.  He believed that once the Jews experienced Christian love, Jews would embrace his version of Christianity en masse.  When the Jews refused to convert, Luther turned on them and became a virulent anti-Semite.  At the same time, the Jews would become the unwitting victims as the Protestants and Catholics engaged in a variety of religious wars that would consume Europe for the next one hundred years.

    1655: As the week long Tishrei festivals come to an end, Manassah Ben Israel prepared to make his voyage where is to meet with Oliver Cromwell whom he hopes will allow the Jews to return to the British Isles.

    1655: A “humble address” is sent from Manasseh ben Israel to Oliver Cromwell, The Lord Protector. A fortnight later on 13 November he submitted a petition for the readmission of Jews to England.

    1705: Birthdate of Clement XIV, the Pope who declared the Jews “innocent of the slanderous blood accusation” and who moved the Jews from the jurisdiction of the Inquisition to the “Viciariato di Roma.” (The Vicar of Rome who is the Pope)

    1759(10th of Cheshvan, 5520): An earthquake killed several hundred Jews in Safed.  Safed is the town most people connect with Jewish mystics and the famous Shabbat Eve hymn, Lecha Dodi.  Prior to the earthquake, Safed had been a thriving city.  The first printing presses in the Middle Eastwere set up in Safed and the first Hebrew book published in Eretz Israel was produced in Safed in the year before the earthquake.  The quake was one of a series of disasters including plagues and Arab attacks that would turn the town into a comparative backwater until the creation of the modern state of Israel.

    1784(16th of Cheshvan, 5545): Couronna, the wife of Lion Acher ou Shaagat Arie and the mother of Asser, Juda and Wolf Lion passed away today in Metz, Lorraine, France.

    1761: Birthdate of Sir Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninckthe who in 1802 as the  Batavian (Dutch) Ambassador to France delivered a note to the French foreign minister on behalf of the Jews of Germany.

    1806: In Philadelphia, PA, John Moss and Rebecca Lyons gave birth to Eleazer (Eugene) Moss

    1810: Philip Raphael married Grace Simmons at the Great Synagogue today.

    1817: Birthdate of Tzvi Hirsch Graetz who gained fame as historian Heinrich Graetz.

    1821: Samuel Jacobs married Phoebe Levy at the Great Synagogue today

    1821: Mordecai ben Joseph married Mata bat Simon at the Western Synagogue today.

    1824: Birthdate of Galician author Fabius Mieses whose works including “a history of modern philosophy from Kant to his own time” published in 1887.

    1826: Birthdate of Agnes (nee Lewin) Byk, the native of Pinsk who was the wife of Samuel Alexander Byk.

    1827: Jacob ben Moses married Shifra bat Joel at the New Synagogue today.

    1827: Isaac Cohen married Sarah Samuel at the Great Synagogue today.

    1830: Solomon ben Nathaniel Ha-Levi married Beila bat David at the Western Synagogue today.

    1831: Samuel Hyam married Phoebe Levy at the New Synagogue today.

    1832: Moses Levin married Sarah Nannette Joseph at the Great Synagogue today.

    1834(28thof Tishrei, 5595): Samuel Landau, the chief dayan of Prague who was the son of Rabbi Yechezkel ben Yehuda Landau passed away today.

    1835: Birthdate of Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer, known as Adolph von Baeyer, the first Jew to ever receive the Nobel Prize. A native of Berlin, this German chemist was acknowledged in 1905 for synthesizing dye indigo and was awarded the Davie Medal by the Royal Society of London in 1881, for his work with indigo. He passed away in 1917.

    1837: Birthdate of Bertha Eppstein, the husband of Max Eppstein and the mother of Seraphine Eppstein Pisko.

    1841: In the first Jewish marriage in New Zealand, David Nathan wed Rosetta Aarons in Kororareka.

    1842(27th of Cheshvan, 5603):Eighty year old Rabbi Solomon Hirschell passed away. Born in 1761, he was the Chief Rabbi of Great Britain, from 1802 until his death.  He is best remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to stop the spread of Reform Judaism in Britain by excommunicating its leaders. His father was a Polish Jew from Galicia Hirschel Levin, Chief Rabbi of London and Berlin and a friend of Moses Mendelssohn. His older brother was Talmudist Saul Berlin.

    1842(27thof Cheshvan, 5603): Joseph Simson, the son of Solomon and Sarah Simon and the husband Francs (Frumet) Simons passed away in New York City.

    1848: Birthdate of Andrew Rosewater, the native of Bohemia and graduate of the Cleveland, Ohio public schools who became a civil and sanitary engineer as well as the editor of the Omaha (Neb) Bee.

    1849; Mordecai Manuel Noah wrote to Daniel Webster today inviting him to attend the Hebrew Benevolent and German Hebrew Benevolent Society banquet to be held in New York on November 13.  In the letter, Noah informs Webster that there are 13,000 Jews living in New York City and that number is continuing to rise daily.

    1851: “Hebrew Customs – Interesting Case” published today described a case being heard in the Court of Common Pleas in Philadelphia where P.S. Rowland, a Jewish plaintiff has filed suit against the widow of his brother and her new husband contesting the distribution of the will based on the Biblical concept of the Levirate Marriage .

    1856: Birthdate of Julia Raphael the mother of Dorothy Elizabeth Levitt a pioneer female automobile and motor boat racer

    1856: Eighty-year old Fogel Solomon was buried today at the “Exeter Jewish Cemetery.”

    1856: In Philadelphia, PA, Abraham Kahn and the former Rebecca Ezekiel gave birth to Florence Kahn Liveright, the wife of Simon Livewright and Jewish community leader who serve as a Director of the Hebrew Education Society and was active in the Jewish Hospital Auxiliary and the Personal Interest Section of the United Hebrew Charities.

    1857: In a letter to the editor published in today's New York Times, "Grace, a farmer's wife" expresses her indignation of having the farmer classed with "the Wall-street gamblers or Chatham-street Jews."  In New York, Chatham Street was the center of the second-hand clothing business, an industry dominated by immigrant Jews who allegedly took advantage of their Christian costumers.

    1860: The News of the Day Column published today reported that “a ball and banquet in aid of the ‘Jews Hospital in New-York’ was given at the City Assembly Rooms last evening, which was largely attended by members of the Jewish faith and others. Donations in aid of the Hospital were received from those present, and from absent persons, by letter, amounting to $14,000. Among the donors was Gov. Morgan, who sent a complimentary letter in closing $100.”

    1861: The General News column published today reported that “A murder of a most atrocious nature has been committed in New-Jersey, on the body of a German Jew named Sigismund Felluer. Deceased had only been in this country a few days, and had property in jewels and diamonds to the amount of $50,000. A man with whom Felluer left the Prescott House, and a Jewess in whose company Felluer was seen, are suspected, and the police are diligently searching for them. A reward of $500 for the discovery of the murderer or murderers has been offered by the friends of Felluer.

    1864:  Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.  It was a series of silver strikes, the most famous of which was the Comstock Lode that attracted large numbers of early settlers to Nevada including Jews as well as Gentiles.  For example, when Eureka, Nevada experienced its silver strike the town’s population reached four thousand including more than one hundred Jews.  Among these Jews was Ben C. Levy a native of France who became superintendent of two mines and who, along with his wife, was a leader of the Jewish community.  David H. Cohen was typical of these early Jewish settlers.  He began as a “49er” in California, moved on to Virginia City, Nevada before “striking it reach” with a liquor business in Austin, Nevada.  Adoph Sutro left the most lasting monument to the intrepid Jewish population of Nevada’s early days.  This placer panner turned entrepreneur raised the money for the construction of the four mile long Sutro Tunnel designed to drain water from the mines thus making them safer and more protective. The man who made the modern Nevada was Jewish gangster Bugsy Siegel, the man behind Las Vegas.  As of 2000, there were an estimated 77,100 Jews living in Nevada, representing an increase of 277% from 1990.

    1864: Birthdate of Albert Henry Jessel, a London –born “communal worker.”

    1865: James Goldsmith, who had risen from the rank of Corporal to Sergeant since joining Company H of the 163rd Regiment of the 18thCavalry in 1862 completed his “term of service today.”

    1866: On the Isle of Wight, Read Admiral John Bourmaster Dickson and his wife gave birth to John Dickson-Poynder, the first Baron Islington who in 1922 and 1930 condemned the mandate in Palestine because he said it favored the Jews whom he described as “undesirable.”

    1869: Birthdate of David Pollock, the native of Lida, Russia who became the Superintendent of the Zion Hebrew Sabbath Schools in Chicago and the editor of the Zion Messenger.

    1872(29thof Tishrei, 5633): Edward Henry Beddington, the “chairman of the Building Committee of the United Synagogue and treasurer of Jew’s College who played a key role in “connection with the erection of the Central Synagogue” and the creation “of a new Jewish cemetery at Willesden” passed away today. (As reported by Joseph Jacobs and Goodman Lipkind)

    1873: Birthdate of Rudolf Lubinski the Croatian architect whose projects included the synagogue in Sarajevo, Il Kal Grandi.

    1875: It was reported today that “eight Jews and Jewesses were recently baptized in London.

    1875: It was reported today that in England, a revision of the Book of Isaiah has been completed and work on a revision of the translation of the Book of Jeremiah has reach the midpoint of that book of the Bible.

    1875: It was reported today that the Jewish messenger said of Moody and Sankey, “We give the two enterprising gentlemen the credit of being honest in their intentions, earnest in their work and as the past has proved, disinterested in the pecuniary results of their vast undertakings.  Would that we could say the same of all our Deacons and Trustees, Pastors and Rabbis” [ Moody is Dwight Moody, the famous evangelist.  Sankey is Ira David Sankey, “The Sweet Singer of Methodism” who was known for his composition and singing of gospel music. During a trip to the United Kingdom, the two raised tens of thousands of dollars for the use of missionaries.

    1875: In Los Angeles, Harriet (née Newmark) and Marc Eugene Meyer gave birth to Eugene Meyer, a Yale graduate, who established his own very successful banking firm and did not choose to continue identifying as a Jews.  Starting with World War I, he served actively on numerous government boards and committees.  He gained lasting fame when he bought the bankrupt Washington Post at public auction.  As published of the Post until 1946 and then as chairman of the board of the Washington Post & Times Herald,Meyer was instrumentally in making the Post a leading American newspaper and creating a media empire that included the Washington outlet of CBS and Newsweek Magazine. He passed away in 1959.  His daughter, Katherine Graham would continue his work and take the Post to levels of which he only dreamed.

    1879: According to reports published today from Berlin, Romania is seeking to gain formal recognition of her independence in light of her government’s recent action concerning the emancipation of the Jews.

    1880: Simon Sterne was among those who attended a reception this evening for President and Mrs. Grant at Parlor No. 81 in New York City.

    1880: Reverend J.P. Newman delivered a sermon this morning at New York’s Central Methodist Church on “The Impending Danger to Our Public Schools  in which he contended “that the public schools were sectarian” because all children including Jewish children “meet there on an equal footing…without undergoing sectarian instruction.” (This benign view of the public schools was one that many Jews showed they favored by sending their children to them.  This was especially true among the Russian and Polish Jews who saw the schools as the pathway to “Americanization.’)

    1881: It was reported today that “the Turkish Governor of Jerusalem has recently received orders from Sultan Abdul Hamid to resume the work” on “restoration of Solomon’s Temple” that had stopped five years ago.  The first order of business is to remove “all the rubbish and …vegetation” that has filled the area. The original restoration work had begun “at the instance of” Franz Joseph and the Austrian imperial family.

    1881: It was reported today a fair being held in Cincinnati, Ohio, will raise $50,000 for the Jewish Orphan Asylum in Cleveland, Ohio.

    1881: “Reformed Judaism” published today described the change in Jewish observance that took place at Temple Beth-El where Dr. Kaufmann Kohler delivered a lecture entitled “Our Religious and Social State” as part of a Sunday morning service that will now replace the traditional Saturday Sabbath observance.

    1884: “The Clergymen and Mr. Blaine” published today took “Rabbi Brown” task for the manner in which he expressed his support for the Republican candidate for President.

    1885: Rabbi de Sola Mendes responded approvingly today to plans to create a prayer book with selections in Hebrew and English “for the home use of women and children” Rabbi Mendes said there is nothing new about such tomes but that for some reason those that exist are all written in German.

    1885: In Lemberg, Bernhard Sobelsohn, a postal worker and his wife gave birth to Karl Sobelsohn who gained fame as Communist revolutionary Karl Radek who was murdered while serving a ten year sentence after being convicted in one of Stalin’s notorious Show Trials.

    1885: One day after he had passed away, “George Henry Morris, the infant son of Henry Martin Morris” and the former “Julie Pollitzer” was buried today at “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1885: It was reported today that the Hebrew Journal has endorsed Walter Howe to serve in the New York State representing the 10th District.  Howe was active in the protesting the treatment of Russian Jews and has worked to have the penal code changed so that Jews who observed Shabbat can work on Sunday.

    1885: In Zitomar, Russia Rebecca and Israel Jacob Wainer gave birth to Colonel Max Robert Wainer, who was presented with the “French Legion of Honor, Chevalier” by Marshal Foch for his “service on General John J. Pershing’s General Staff and who served as “Chairman of the U.S. Army Quartermaster Board at Fort Lee, Virginia during WW II” while being married to “Amy Elivin Shephard Wainter with whom he had two children – Amos and Max.”

    1886: It was reported today that, in a rare display of 19th ecumenical harmony, English Jews and Protestants joined with Catholics in celebrating the 50th anniversary of the ordination of János Cardinal Simor

    1887: The annual meeting of the United Hebrew Charities was held this evening at Temple Emanu-El where the following officers were elected: President – Henry Rice, Vice President – Morris Tuska, Treasurer – James H Hoffman, Secretary – J.S. Isaacs

    1887(13thof Cheshvan, 5648): Two weeks before his 77th birthday, “educator and author” Jacob Auerbach author of “Lessing and Mendelssohn” and a “History of the Jewish Community of Vienna from 1784” passed away today.

    1888: Based on information supplied by Mrs. Philip J. Joachimsen, the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society has taken 1,339 Jewish children since it began providing service.  Currently there are 585 children living in the institution 278 of whom are girls and 307 are boys.  207 of the children were born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and 242 came from Russia or Poland.

    1889: Mr. Rosenthal, the leader of the Republicans in the Fourth District and the head of the Hebrew-American Republic Party sent a letter to the leader of the district today stating that he is leaving the party because of its “ingratitude” and “disregard for sacred promises.”

    1889: Elise Hausch and Major General Erwin Von Heimerdinger gave birth to Gertrud von Heimerdingerwho was employed in the German Foreign Office as assistant Chief of the Diplomatic Courier Section but as an anti-Nazi, secretly arranged for special passes to enable diplomat Fritz Kolbe (the main Allied source of intelligence) to make frequent trips to Switzerland to pass on information to Allen Dulles, head of American O.S.S. (Jewish Virtual Library)

    1889: “Lore of the East” published today described the recent meeting of the American Oriental Society during which Professor Isaac Hall read from “The Colloquy of Moses on Mount Sinai, the Martyrdom of St. George and the Story of the Letters which Fell from Heaven” and attendees examined “a scroll of the Law in Hebrew which” had been found “in China.

    1889: “Marriage or Betrothal” published today described events surrounding claims that David Harfeld is a serial bigamist.  Miss Julia Harlan testified that after nine years of marriage, Harfield had disappeared without a trace. Last year she heard that that Harfeld had been wed to Sarah Marx in a traditional Jewish ceremony.  The defendant’s brother, who is a rabbi, testified that it was a betrothal ceremony, a claim that Miss Marx repeated on the stand.  However, Rabbi DeSola Mendes testified that the ceremony described was a wedding ceremony.  However, Mendes is a Sephardic Jew and the contract submitted by the defense was identified as what Polish Jews consider a betrothal contract. The confused Judge has not rendered a verdict.

    1890: Two days after she had passed away, 60 year old Sarah Joseph, “the wife of Samuel Joseph” was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”

    1890: In Zutphen, Holland, Philip Cohen who died at Auschwitz and the former Betje Brook gave birth to Sabiena Cohen who died at Sobibor, the wife of Levie Van Praage who died at Sobibor.

    1892: The eighty-six Russian and Polish workers arrested yesterday at the cloakmaking firm of S.M. Levi & Co on charges that they were violating the “Sunday law” claimed that they did not work on Saturday which meant that they could work on Sunday according to the law.  Labor leader Joseph Barondess claimed that this was not so and that they along with thousands of other cloakmakers in the city worked seven days a week.  The Judge released them with a warning that if they were ever brought before him on these charges again “he would fine them heavily.”

    1893: “Mr. Hammerstein’s Work” published today described a speech given by Oscar Hammerstein at the premiere of “Koh-i-Noor” in which he said he had made “a bet of $100” with himself “that he could write an operetta, words and music, design the scenery and costumes, engage the company and get 300 columns of advance notices in the newspaper, all in forty-eight hours” and that he was pleased to say he had won the bet.

    1894: Governor Roswell P. Flower delivered speeches today at Niagara Falls and Suspension in which he warned of an alliance between the Republicans and the American Protective Association (A.P.A.) a secret Protestant organization that promotes “hostility to Jews and Catholics” and would keep “men from employment and pubic office on account of their religious belief.” (Compare this to the anti-immigrant stance taken in the 21st century)

    1894: Major Du Paty de Clam “finished his inquiry, and handed in his report, which accused Dreyfus but left it to the minister to decide what further steps should be taken.”

    1894: Jacob H. Schiff chaired this evening’s meeting at Cooper Union where “German-American Citizen” enthusiastically endorsed the anti-Tammany ticket.  Among those on the platform were Aaron Levy, Hy Hyman, Magnus Levy and Dr. Felix Adler.

    1894: Max Nordeau’s “drama Die Kugel was presented at the Lessing Theatre” today.

    1894: In Charleston, SC, Gustave Pollitzer and his wife, the former Clara Guinzberg gave birth to suffragette Anita Pollitzer who was also a protégé of Alfred Stieglitz. (Another Jew with a camera!)

    1894: A summary of the annual report for the United Hebrew Charities in New York published today showed that the organization had responded to 37,097 applications for relief. The new applications for relief included 623 from people over sixty and 1,107 widows. In responding to all requests for assistance, the society spent $225, 063.73 while bringing in $227, 244.82 from all sources.

    1895: “Annie Silverman of 105 Allen Street was arrested” today “on a warrant sworn out by Max Sanftman, an agent for the Hebrew Anti-Vice Society, charging her with being a disorderly woman.”

    1895: In Lachva, Russia, Maurice Glass and Pearl Chafters gave birth John Judah Glass who came to Canada in 1907, served with the Canadian Expeditionary Force in WW I, began practicing law in 1920 before going into politics where he represented St. Andrew in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.

    1896(24th of Cheshvan, 5657): Sixty year old Ernestine Fox died from consumption 2 days after her son Abraham passed away from the same cause.

    1896: The University of Wisconsin football team led by first year head coach Philip King, a Jewish native of Washington, DC won its fifth straight game today.

    1896: Joseph Jacobs, “the distinguished Jewish scholar” arrived in New York from London aboard the SS St. Louis.  The President of the British Folklore Association, some of Jacobs best known works are Jews of Angevin England, Sources of Spanish History and the recently published Jewish Year Book.

    1897(5thof Cheshvan, 5658): In London, Lizzie Emanuel, the wife of Emanuel Emanuel passed away today.

    1897: “The eleventh session of the Board of the Federation of Synagogues” of which Sir Samuel Montagu is president opened this evening at the Jewish Working Men’s Club in London.

    1897: Mr. B.A. Elkin presided over a debate at the West Central Institute on the subject of “Is Happiness the Aim of Life.”

    1898: George Jessel Jones, Morris Conheim and Carly Meyer who were serving with the 1stMissouri Volunteer Infantry were mustered out today at St. Louis, the city where all three men lived before the war.

    1898: Second Lt. Charles F. Wolf, Sergeant Charles Olschefskie and Privates Simon J. Bush and Simon Freund all of who were serving with Company A from Hartford were among those whose military service came to an end when the 1stRegiment Connecticut Volunteer Infantry was mustered out today.

    1898: Detective Connelly arrested Leopold Lederer and Abraham Zucker on charges of arson in the first and second degrees.  Zucker is the brother of Isaac Zucker who is serving 36 years in prison for burning down his own store.

    1898: Private Louis W. Cahn of New Haven, who had been serving with Battery C of the 1st Regiment of the Connecticut Volunteer Artillery was mustered out of service today.

    1898: Solomon Loeb was elected honorary vice president at tonight’s annual meeting of the Society of United Hebrew Charities which was held at Temple Emanu-El

    1898: Their Majesties, the Emperor and Empress of Germany attended the consecration of the Church of the Redeemer in Jerusalem, which is part of the trip where the Herzl will meet with the Kaiser to promote his Zionist dream.

    1898: Theodor Herzl wrote in his diary today “When I remember thee in days to come, O, Jerusalem, it will not be with pleasure” which some say is proof that “the founder of modern Zionism had no particular affection for the holy city.” (As reported by Mitch Ginsburg)

    1900: In New York Hugo Piesen married Annie Piesen the daughter of Abraham and Sarah Abrahamowitz.

    1905(2nd of Cheshvan, 5666): Three hundred Jews were killed in a Pogrom in Odessa, Russia.

    1905: Rabbi Moses and Tamara Shorr were married at Königsberg

    1905: Constantine Petrovitch Pobiedonostzeff , Chief Procurator of the Holy Synagogue “who has persecuted the Jews, Lutherans and Catholics….with unswerving zeal” and who “from 1890 to 1902 caused 6,000,000 Jewish families to be expelled from Russia” resigned.

    1907: The apartment building at 67 Riverside Drive in Riverdale, designed by architect George F. Pelham who also designed the synagogue for Beth Jacob Anshe Sholom in Brooklyn, opened today.

    1907: Birthdate of Helen Brook, the daughter of a London furrier who gained fame as Helen Lessore, the director of the Beaux Arts Gallery.