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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.

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    November 15



    1215: Pope Innocent III opened the convocation of the Fourth Lateran Council, considered the most important council of the Middle Ages. By its conclusion it issued seventy reformatory decrees. Among other things, it encouraged creating schools and holding clergy to a higher standard than the laity. It also forbade clergymen to participate in the practice of the judicial ordeal, effectively banning its use. At the Fourth Lateran Council, Innocent III and his prelates legislated against subordination of Christians to Jews. Canon 69 forbade "that Jews be given preferment in public office since this offers them the pretext to vent their wrath against the Christians."



    1280: Albertus Magnus, the German Dominican Friar and Bishop also known as Albert of Cologne who while in Paris took part in the council that ordered the burning of the Talmud but who took a special interest in Jewish literature and who according to Manuel Joël drew many of his ideas from Jewish writers including Maimonides, passed away today.



    1316: Birthdate of King John I of France who lived for only five days.  He was the son of Louis X who readmitted the Jews to France.  He was succeeded by his uncle Philip V, who according to some may have played a role in the death of the infant monarch.  Regardless, Philip followed the policies initiated by Louis that among other things, protected them from the enmity of the clergy.



    1380: Charles VI ascends the French throne: He told a mob that he would relieve some of the taxes but not expel the Jews. Screaming "Aux Juifs" they plundered and murdered in the Jewish quarter for four days. Some Jews took refuge in the royal prison. Hughes Abriot, the Provost, obtained an order for restitution of all property and the return of all infants forcibly baptized. Because of this, he was accused of converting to Judaism and sent to jail for a year in penance.



    1492: Six Spanish Jews and five Spanish Conversos were accused of using black magic



    1515: Thomas Cardinal Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal.  A year before getting his “red hat” Wolsey had been named Bishop of Lincoln. This is the same town of Lincoln which had been home to one of the five most important Jewish communities in England, well established before it was officially noted in 1154. In 1190, anti-Semitic riots that started in Lynn, Norfolk, spread to Lincoln; the Jewish community took refuge with royal officials, but their habitations were plundered. The so-called "House of Aaron" has a two-storey street frontage that is essentially 12th century and a nearby "Jew's House" likewise bears witness to the Jewish population. In 1255, the affair called “The Libel of Lincoln” in which prominent Jews of Lincoln accused of the ritual murder of a Christian boy ("Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln" in medieval folklore) were sent to the Tower of London and 18 were executed. The Jews were expelled en masse in 1290.



    1658: “Alexander VII., in bull "Ad ea per quæ," orders Roman Jews to pay rent even for unoccupied houses in ghetto, because Jews would not hire houses from which Jews had been evicted” (As reported by the Jewish Encyclopedia)



    1660: Asser Levy was licensed as the first kosher butcher in New York City.  From such humble beginnings came such great institutions as the Second Avenue Deli of blessed memory



    1688 (28th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Zev Wolf, author of Nahlat Binyamin, passed away



    1727(2nd of Kislev): The General Assembly of New York passed an act permitting Jews to omit the phrase “upon the faith of a Christian” from the oath of abjuration.



    1771: Orders were given to ban auto-de-fe's from taking place in public, and to ban the production of lists of persons who would be sentenced.



    1780: In Mecklenburg, Germany Louis Wolf and his wife gave birth to William Leo Wolf who was the father to at least three doctors – Moritz, George and Joseph Wolf.



    1782: In Scotland, printer Thomas Dobson, and his wife, the former Jean Paton gave birth to their third and youngest daughter, Catherine after which the family moved to Philadelphia where Dobson would be the first person “to publish a complete Hebrew Bible.”



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_Dobson_-_Hebrew_Bible.jpg



    1790: The Jews of Hungary organized a celebration marking the coronation of King Leopold II.  The celebration was held in anticipation of the expectation that the new king would approve the decision of the Diet to grant them citizens.



    1791: Georgetown University, America’s first Catholic college opens its doors. Georgetown has followed the trend at a number Catholic colleges and universities in offering programs in Jewish studies.  Today Georgetown offers approximately 35 courses in its Jewish Studies Program and offers a Major in Jewish studies.  About 650 of its 6000 undergraduates are Jewish.  Approximately 1,000 of the schools 6,000 grad students are Jewish.



    1796: At the age of 16, “Daniel Meijer took the lawyer's oath, becoming the first Jewish lawyer and one of the youngest lawyers in the history of the Netherlands”



    1802: A delegation of German Jews came to Ratisbon where the German princes were trying to create the government that would replace the now defunct Holy Roman Empire and today presented a petition asking for "passive citizenship."  The petition, which probably originated with the Jews of Frankfort, requested freedom to live any place they desired and to pursue a wide variety of occupations and trades. At this time, Jews in many part of the empire had been classified as "serfs" regardless of the economic level.



    1805: At Hamburg Abraham Mendelssohn and Lean Salomon, a granddaughter of Daniel Itzig gave birth to Fanny Mendelsohn.



    1809: Edward Hime married Priscilla Elkin at the Great Synagogue today.



    1812: Two days after she had passed away, 91 year old “Abigail Fano, the wife of Hyam Fano” was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”



    1816: Birthdate of Isidor Kalisch, the German born Rabbi who became the spiritual lead of  the Tifireth Israel congregation in Cleveland, Ohio in 1850.



    1817: Birthdate of James Koppel Gutheim, the native of Münster, Germany who came to the United States in 1843 and became a prominent American rabbi. He served in that capacity in several southern towns and cities including Temple Beth El in San Antonio Congregation Shangarai Chasset of New Orleans



    1829: Birthdate of Benjamin Szold, the Hungarian born American scholar who began serving as the Rabbi for Temple Oheb Shalom in Baltimore, Maryland.  He was the father of Henrietta Szold, the founder of Hadassah.



    1832(22nd of Cheshvan): Hannah Adams, early American author of a book on Jewish history, passed away



    1832: Birthdate of Abraham a native of  the village of Kashua (“now a part of Slovakia”) and husband of Rosa Printz who was buried in the Tod Homestead Cemetery in Youngstown, Ohio.



    1835: In Novogrodak, Yaakov Harkavy and Dvora Weisbrem gave birth to Dr. Albert (Avraham Eliyahu) Harkavy.



    1835: In, Baltimore, MD, “Benjamin I and Kitty (Etting) Cohen gave birth to Edward Cohen the brother of Israel Cohen and the nephew of his business mentor Samuel Etting, who left his native city at the start of the Civil War and settled in Richmond where married Caroline Myers, “became president of the City Bank of Richmond and supported numerous civic porjects.



    1840: Birthdate of Jacob Furth, an Austrian native who became a prominent banker and businessman in Seattle, Washington where he was a member of Ohaveth Sholum, the city’s first synagogue.



    1842: At Borek, Prussia, Louis Gerechter and his wife gave birth to Emanuel Gerechter who came to the United States in 1866 and who began serving as Rabbi of Temple Zion, in Appleton, Wisconsin.



    1848: In the Berlin national assembly, together with two other deputies, Johann Jacoby initiated the resolution calling for citizens to withhold paying taxes as an attempt to combat the coup d'état



    1851: Herman Melville’s novel, Moby Dick, was published.  Relax; Melville was not Jewish.  But this large literary work is another example of the impact that Jewish Civilization has had on Western and/or World Civilization.  From “Call me Ishmael,” to Captain Ahab, to the great white whale, there could have been no Moby Dick without the Bible.  More to the point, Melville knew that his readers were so conversant in this aspect of Jewish culture that they would understand his references.  Just as an aside for those who were forced to read this novel by some English teacher, the book was deemed a flop when it first came out.



    1852: Hermann Goldschmidt discovered his first asteroid today which was named 21 Lutetia.



    1854: Said Pacha, the Viceroy of Egypt gave a French company headed by Ferdinand de Lesseps the concession to dig the Suez Canal, which would link the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea.  The canal would create a short, all-water route from Great Britain to its most valued possession, India.  Defense of the Canal became one of the keystones of British foreign policy for the next hundred.  This British obsession would play a key role in the development of the Jewish homeland in Eretz Israel.  Sometimes the effect was positive; more often than not, it was negative.



    1855: The 34th anniversary of the Hebrew Benevolent Society was celebrated tonight at the Chinese Asssembly Rooms in New York City.  The event, which was attended by 250 to 300 people rasied $4,000.  During his address, the society’s president reported that they had provided assistance to 1,600 applicants which had depleted the organization’s treasury of its $4,500 in receipts.



    1856: “Tonight, a German Jew named Isaac Morris was arrested at West Hoboken by Officer Stephen H. Manly, of Baltimore, and Deputy-Sheriff Robins of Hudson County, on the charge of obtaining goods by false pretences. He was apprehended upon the authority of a requisition from the Governor of Maryland.”


    1857: Three days after he had passed away, Abraham Davidson, a London surgeon and the husband of Hannah Davidson with whom had seven children, was buried to at the Lauriston Road Jewish Cemetery with whom he had had eight children, was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”



    1857: Two days after he had passed away, 70 year old Eleazer Hart, the husband of Sarah Hart q



    1858: “The Mortara Casa” published today reported that Jews of New York are planning on holding a meeting to protest the “recent abduction of the child Mortara and the extraordinary pretensions of the Pope in regard to such cases. It will be remembered that the Catholic nurse of the infant had it baptized without the knowledge of its parents, who were Jews; and that the child was then taken away and committed to the care of priests.”  The Pope and local authorities refused to return the child who had “thus ‘miraculously’ snatched from the hands of unbelievers.  It is natural that Jews should the lead in demonstrations against such pretensions, inasmuch as they are thus far the principal suffers from them.  But all persons not Catholic are, or may be equally interested in” joining the protest.  “It is not possible to conceive of any greater outrage upon private rights than is embodied in these extraordinary claims, and unless the whole matter should be hushed up, and the principle on which it rests quietly abandoned, it should receive the attention of the government as well as the people of every country holding relation with the Roman states.



    1859: Birthdate of Leo Lerner, the native of Bessarabia born “seventeen days after his father’s death” who came to “the United States with his wife and five daughters in 1891” after which he earned an LL.B. from NYU, practiced law starting in 1897 and served as the President of the Hebrew National Orphan Home and the President of the original federation for Bessarabian Jewry of which he was one of the founders.



    1860: Birthdate of Simeon Samuel Grigoryevich Frug, the native of the Ukrainian “Jewish agricultural colony of Bobrovy-Kut, Kherson” who gained fame a multi-lingual poet and early Zionist support Simon Frug.



    1861: Judah P. Benjamin completed his service as Attorney General for the Confederate States of America.



    1862: During the Civil War, First Lieutenant Michael Rosenstein began his service with Company K of the 173rd Regiment.



    1863(4th of Kislev, 5624): Barnett Abrahams passed away.  Born at Warsaw in 1831, he moved to England in 1839..  Following a rigorous education program that included study with Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler, he started serving as the rabbi at Bevis Marks in 1851 and was serving at the Principal of Jew’s College at the time of his death. His sons Joseph and Moses became rabbis and Israel “became an author and teacher.”



    1864: Colonel Edward S. Salomon (later General), one of a small group of general officers who were both at the Battle of Gettysburg and the Battle of Atlanta, was among those who marched out of Atlanta as Union forces began their march to Savannah, one of the major Atlantic seaports still in Confederate hands.



    1868(1st of Kislev, 5629): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1868: Esther Mocatta the daughter of Rebecca and Jacob Abraham Mocatta was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”



    1868(1st of Kislev, 5629): Seventy-six James de Rothschild who founded the French branch of the family banking empire with the opening of De Rothschild Frères and whose name lives on among wine drinkers when they order a bottle of Lafite-Rothschild passed away today.



    1871: “Barnard Lawrence Phillips,” the son of Lawrence Phillips and Esther Spyer and the husband of Emma Phillips with whom he had two children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”



    1873: Rabbi Raphael D.C. Lewin delivered a sermon on the subject of “Judaism” in the new synagogue at 63rd& Lexington in New York City.



    1874: A service was held to honor the memory of Rabbi Abraham Geiger, of blessed memory, who had passed away in October of 1874.



    1878: Birthdate of Jacob Polakavetz, the native of Kamenetz-Litovsk who came to the United States where he became a successful merchant in Troy, NY.



    1879: Rabbi De Sola Menes will deliver the first in a series of lectures on the history of Jewish literature at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association this evening.  The lectures which begin at 8:30 are free and open to the public.



    1881: One hundred sixty Jewish refugees from Russia arrived in New York today aboard the SS Bohemia. The Alliance Israel Universelle helped pay for their passage.



    1881: Chicago native Simon Cook was promoted to the rank of Ensign today in the United States Navy.



    1881 In Chicago, “Moses and Clara Schlossberg Adams gave birth to Franklin Leopold Adams who gained fame as Franklin Pierce Adams or F.P.A,, the alumnus of Armour Institute and the University of Chicago, husband of Esther Sales Root and author whose works ranged from newspaper columns at various New York newspapers the most famous of which was “The Conning Tower,” a “humorous syndicated column.



    1881: A report published today described plans for an upcoming lecture to be delivered by Julius Franks sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association entitled “The Jew: Has he Still a Mission?”



    1881: The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada, which would become The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was founded in Pittsburgh.  Samuel Gompers, a Jewish immigrant from London, was the first President.  In fact, with the exception of one year, he served in that capacity until his death in 1924.  Unlike more militant leaders of the labor movement, Gompers believed in the capitalist system and rejected the concept of class struggle.  As a member of the working class (he was a cigar maker by trade) Gompers was no naïve fool.  He and his union fought for the concept of collective bargaining, binding written contracts and a ban on injunctions aimed against working men and women.  When asked what the American worker wanted Gompers replied, “More!” During World War I, Gompers showed that the American labor movement could be patriotic when he and the AFL supported Wilson in the “word to end all wars.”  Gompers philosophy was simple.  “Reward your friends and punish your enemies.” 



    1882(4th of Kislev, 5643): Daniel Ehrmann, the Bohemian born rabbi who “edit the Jewish periodical Das Abendland was teaching at Brunn when he passed away today.



    1882:  Birthdate of Felix Frankfurter.  Born in Vienna, educated at CCNY and Harvard Law School, the young, legally brilliant Frankfurter became the protégé of the very powerful Henry L.  Stimson.  He began a twenty-five year career as a professor at Harvard Law School in 1914.  But Frankfurter was no cloistered Ivy tower egghead.  He was a confidant of Woodrow Wilson and, among other things attended the Versailles Peace Conference.  As a Zionist, like Brandeis, Frankfurter worked to promote the cause of the Jewish homeland in Palestine.  In the 1920’s and 1930’s the liberal Frankfurter was an advisor to and supporter of, Al Smith and FDR.  Several of Frankfurter’s former students were part of the FDR’s Brain Trust or held important positions in several regulatory agencies created by the New Deal.  FDR appointed Frankfurter to the Supreme Court in 1939, making him the third Jew to hold such a position since 1916.  He retired from the court in 1962 after suffering a stroke.  Frankfurter’s tenure on the court was a disappointment to many of his political allies and colleagues.  They had expected him to be a liberal.  However, Frankfurter believed in judicial restraint which meant he gave great credence to federal and/or state legislative actions.  He looked to the legislative branch to correct social ills. The pre-court liberal turned into a High Court conservative.  He passed away in 1962.



    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/robes_frankfurter.html



    1883: Three days after he had passed away, Lazar Schorstein, a Viennese born “financial editor” and the husband of Clara Schorstein with whom he had three children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”



    1883: It was reported today that Annie Zeiss is claiming that she was betrothed to Morris Dampsky according to Jewish custom which is the basis for her suit that she has brought against him for breach of contract (marriage). While sitting in jail, Dampsky is wondering if a secular court will accept a religious observance as binding under civil law.



    1884: It was reported today that an unnamed Jewish cattle dealer had tried to sell seventeen diseased cows to several farmers between Jamaica and Foster’s Meadow.



    1886: In state Supreme Court, Judge Andrews heard a case that will determine whether or not $50,000 that was originally part of the estate of the late Sampson Simpson will go the North American Relief So city for the Indignant Jews of Jerusalem or two his surviving relatives.



    1886: It was reported today that Jacob H. Schiff has given $10,000 to a project designed to establish a free library which will be “called the Aguilar Free Library Society” and which will be open to “people of all religions and nationalities.”



    1886(17th of Cheshvan, 5647): Seventy four year old Gustav Heine von Geldern the founder of Vienna Das Fremdenblatt, a periodical that became the official organ of the Austrian Foreign Office, the brother of Heinrich Heine and the father of Maximilian Heine, “the author of the libretto to Mirolan” passed away today.



    1886: It was reported today that Judge M.S. Isaacs and Uriah Herrman addressed a reception given in honor of Mrs. Julius Hammerslough, Mrs. Simon Steinberger, Mrs. Solomon Loeb and Mrs. Louis Levy, members of the Hebrew Free School Association’s Board of Directors who have just returned from a trip to Europe.



    1886: It was reported today that the Hebrew Free School Association is currently industrial education to 2,500 youngsters. The service is only available to youngsters who are enrolled in the public system.



    1888: The will of Sidney Greenberg who lived at the Caulfield Club Hotel was probated today.



    1889:  Emperor Pedro II is deposed and Brazil is declared a republic. At the time, Brazil had a small community of Sephardic, mostly Moroccan, Jews. One group established a synagogue in Belem in the northern part of the country while another built a synagogue on the banks of the Amazon River. A decade after becoming a republic, experimental agricultural were established that provide a haven for Jews fleeing the violence of Czarist Russia.



    1890: Birthdate of American screenwriter and novelist Samuel Ornitz, one of the victims of the Hollywood blacklist which was the epitome of Right Wing America’s paranoid reach for power.



    1891:”An Oriental Bazar” published today described the plans of a group of prominent New Yorkers led by J.H. Schiff and Julian Nathan among others for hosting a Palestine Bazar to raise funds for the Louis Down-Town Sabbath and Daily School



    1892: In Memphis, TN, the National Farmers’ Alliance and the Industrial Union opened its convention at the hall of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association. (This agriculture alliance was considered to be “radical” and the Jewish owned facility may have been the only one that was available for its use.)



    1892: “Graded Rates Established” published today described the decision of the B’nai B’rith to adopt a sliding membership fee based on age starting with those between the ages 21 and 25 paying $15 rising to a maximum of $30 for those aged 50 and above.  The sliding scale was adopted to attract younger members, all of whom will be eligible for the same $1,000 in burial insurance.



    1892: The trial of Reverend Henry P. Smith, the professor of Hebrew at Lane Theological Seminary, goes into its second day.  The trial has gained national attention from members of many denominations because Smith has used modern scholarship to question the inerrancy of the Bible – a conflict that was helping to divide Reform from Orthodox among the Jewish people.



    1892: Several parties of Russian Jews were reported today to have been on their way to Hamburg now that travel restrictions in Russia have been eased.



    1892: The funeral for Seligman Adler, the husband of Caroline Adler, who was a supporter of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and Mount Sinai Hospital, is scheduled to take place at 9:30 this morning at Temple Emanu-El.



    1893: Birthdate of John H. Salman, the husband of Regina Salmen.



    1893: Commissioner Senner said that the immigrants who arrived the SS Roland, most of whom are Russian Jews, are “all nearly impoverished, unclean and unkempt.”



    1895: Birthdate of Polish poet and writer Antoni Słonimski, a Roman Catholic whose great-grand father was Abraham Sztern the Jewish inventor who “made important contributions to the construction of mechanical calculators.”



    http://dictionary.sensagent.com/list+of+polish+jews/en-en/



    1895: Birthdate of Yisrael Idelson, the Ukrainian native who made Aliyah in 1926 and as  Yisrael Bar-Yedhuda became an MK, Minister of Internal Affairs and Minister of Transportation.



    1895: According to Rabbi Joseph Silverman of Temple Emanu-El in New York, during the last 25 days ending on this date 15,000 Armenians have been massacred and “200,000 souls have been rendered homeless and robbed of their possessions.



    1895: Birthdate of Bella Rosenfield Chagall, the first wife of Marc Chagall whom she met when he was a penniless painter in 1909, married in 1915 and posed for several of his pictures including “Bella with White Collar.”



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bella_Rosenfeld#/media/File:Chagall_Bella.jpg



    1895: Pennsylvania native Daniel M. Appel was promoted from the rank of Captain, Assistant Surgeon to Major/Surgeon.



    1895: Herzl began a two week visit to Paris and London designed to meet and gain support from the leaders of these two Jewish communities In Paris he conducted negotiations with Narcisse Leven, Chief Rabbi Zadoc Kahn among others.  None of these leaders took the assimilated Viennese journalist seriously



    1896: The National Council of Jewish Women opens its first national convention at Tuxedo Hall in New York City. Founded at the conclusion of the Jewish Women’s Congress held at Chicago’s World Columbian Exposition in November 1893, the National Council of Jewish Women was the first national open-membership organization for American Jewish women. Addressed by the leaders of the nation’s leading women’s organizations and numerous prominent rabbis, it was clear that the Council was helping to establish the legitimacy of Jewish women’s presence on a public stage. The convention received extensive coverage in the New York Timesand other papers. With the NCJW's creation in 1893, local sections around the country began focusing on diverse activities ranging from Bible study to education for children to active philanthropy in the interest of immigrant women and children. Representatives at the first convention summarized these achievements, established a clear institutional structure, and sought to offer guidance to local sections. Conflict emerged during the 1896 convention in relation to the Jewish character of the Council. Hannah Solomon of Chicago presided over the meetings, but some members objected to her advocacy of Sunday as the Jewish Sabbath. Solomon memorably responded “I consecrate every day in the week.” As the New York Times reported, “Pandemonium reigned for five minutes, and then Mrs. Solomon was re-elected.” In its first few decades, NCJW transcended religious divisions by focusing especially on aid to newly arrived Jewish immigrants. In sections across the country, NCJW provided an early training ground for Jewish women leaders and a forum for Jewish women’s concerns within and outside the Jewish community.



    1896: Mrs. Mary Low Dickinson, President of the National Council of Women is scheduled to deliver  the opening address at the first  convention of the National Council of Women followed by address on “Philanthropy” given by Mrs. E. M. Henrotin “who was the Vice President of the of the Ladies’ Board of Managers of the Columbian Exposition.


    1896: It was reported today that in speeches delivered at Delmonico’s Jacob A. Schiff and Senator Jacob A. Cantor urged Jews to take “a deeper interest in national affairs and Adolph S. Ochs spoke about the “ideals and influence of journalism.”


    1897: Birthdate of Aneurin Bevan the British Foreign Minister in the Labor Government of Clement Atlee.  Much to the dismay of Zionist leaders, the Laborite government elected in 1945 opposed the creation of the Jewish state.  Displaying that uniquely understated form of British anti-Semitism, when talking about the plight of Jewish Displaced Persons, said that the Jews were always “pushing their way to the head of the cue” instead of patiently waiting their turn. 



    1897: Today, Rabbi Taubenhaus of the State Street Synagogue is scheduled to officiate at the funeral of Mrs. Marion Levy a long time member of the Hebrew Benevolent Society and the Hebrew Orphan Asylum who was the widow of A.S. Levy and the mother of Bella Levy.



    1897: When Mathieu Dreyfus, the brother of imprisoned Captain Dreyfus “denounced Esterhazy” today he responded by saying that “Captain Dreyfus had forged his handwriting”



    1898: One day after he had passed away, 80 year old Morris Solomons, the husband of Caroline Abrahams with whom he had four children, was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”



    1898: The demolition of the building on Clinton Street occupied by Ohab Zedek has been temporarily stopped which will give the congregants time to raise enough money to save the structure.



    1898: Novelist and playwright  Israel Zangwill delivered a lecture this morning at the Waldorf Astoria “on the ghetto…not the poetic Ghetto of his books, but the real specific Ghetto, the dwelling place of the Jews…closed by real gates and the home of a peculiar to itself.”



    1898: The Berlin correspondent of the Times reported on the expulsion of Polish Jews from Breslau which is part of a larger pattern of deportations instigated by the Prussian Minister of Finance “which will serve as a pretext for more severe measures against aliens.”



    1898: Section two of the Constitution of the Union of Judæo-German Congregations commits the organization to providing funds for several purposes including  training for teachers and cantors, for pensions for “aged officials” and their families and for providing aid to released convicts.



    1899: “The Merchant of Venice” opened tonight at the Knickerbocker Theatre with Ellen Terry playing the Jewess Portia and Henry Irving delivering his signature performance of Shylock.



    1902: A political cartoon, “Draw the line in Mississippi” by Clifford K. Berryman that “spawned the Teddy Bear” appeared in the Washington Post. Russian Jewish immigrants Rose and Morris Michtom created the Teddy Bear created the creature after seeing this cartoon which showed T.R. and bear cub.



    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TheodoreRooseveltTeddyBear.jpg



    1905: Further evidence that the drive to provide relief for the Jews being massacred in Russia is not a matter for the Jewish community will be seen this evening when Bishop Coadjutor Greer of the Episcopal Diocese of New York and the Reverend Dr. Robert S. MacArthur of Calvary Baptist are among the speakers at meeting sponsored by the Council of Jewish Women at Temple Emanu-El.



    1905: Moses Plaut of L.S. Plaut & Co. is the driving force behind the meeting scheduled to be held in Newark, NJ tonight where “a large sum of money will be raised” to aid victims of the anti-Semitic violence in Russia.



    1905: “The Odessa Relief Committee made up of former residents of that city” is scheduled to meet in the Apollo Hall” for the purpose of raising funds for those suffering attacks in Russia.



    1905: The New York Socialists’ Organization is scheduled to meet this evening to raise funds for the victims of the anti-Semitic attacks in Russia.



    1905: “The United Hebrew Community which has a membership of over 4,000” is scheduled to meet “in the Synagogue Beth Hamedrash Hagodol at 61 Norfolk Street” where the leaders expect the attendees to add a considerable amount to add to the $500 that has already been raised.



    1906(27th of Cheshvan, 5667): Sixty-three year old Raphael Benjamin passed away today at the Hotel St. George where he had been living for the past three years.  A native of London, he came to the United States 25 years ago and settled in Cincinnati before moving to New York where he became the Rabbi of Temple Beth Elohim.



    1907: One day after she had passed away, 29 year old Dora Yanovsky Solomon, the wife of John Solomon and the moterh of Betsy and Samuel Solomon was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”



    1909(2nd of Kislev, 5670): Mrs. Frume Rostowsky passed away today.



    1912: Rabbi Gerson B. Levi is scheduled to lead Friday evening services at B’Nai Sholom – Temple Israel in Chicago.’



    1912: Rabbi Abram is scheduled to lead Friday evening services at Temple Sholom at the corner of Pine Grove Avenue and Grace Street.



    1914: “A special meeting of the officers of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society is scheduled to be held today Temple Emanu-El in NYC.



    1915: The list of the officers of the American Jewish Committee published today included Louis Marshall, President; Judge Julian W. Mack and Professor Jacob H. Hollender, Vice Presidents; Isaac W. Bernheim, Treasurer; Jack H. Schiff and Dr. J. L. Magnes, Executive Committee.



    1915: President Clarence I de Sola presided over today’s opening session of the “Fourteenth Convention of the Federation of Zionist Societies of Canada” at the Auditorium Hall.



    1916: Two days after she passed away, Caroline Spiers Boas, tfehe daughter of Benjamin Spiers and Sara Wolf and the wife of Hermman Boas with whom she had seven children, was buried today at the Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland.



    1917(30th of Cheshvan, 5678): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1917(30th of Cheshvan, 5678): Fifty-nine year old Sociologist Emile Durkheim, the son, grandson and great-grandson of French rabbis, passed away.



    http://durkheim.uchicago.edu/Biography.htmla



    1917: As Allenby’s forces continued their advance, “the 75th Division and the Australian Mounted Division advanced towards Latron where the Jaffa to Jerusalem road enters the Judean Hills.



    1917: Birthdate of Bernard Bellush, the Bronnx native who became a Professor of History at City College of New York.



    1917: As British forces continued their successful campaign in Palestine, ANZAC forces occupied Ramleh and Lydda.



    1917: It was officially announced today that British forces under General Allenby had taken the junction point of the Beersheba to Damascus Railway with the Jerusalem line after fighting that resulted in heavy Turkish losses.



    1918: Four days after the Armistice, Sergeant Abraham Blaustein who received the Croix de Guerre for heroism visited Lyon where he found out that the Army Candidate School was to be closed since “no more officer commissions will be granted.”



    1918: “The Jewish Press reported” from Stockholm, “that anti-Semitic riots have broken out in several towns in Western Galicia and Poland” where at least “six Jews have been killed” in a village 55 miles southeast of Warsaw.



    1918: “Julian W. Mack, President of the ZOA and Louis Marshall” joined together and sent a telegram to President “acquainting him the facts concerning” the threat of Jews in Eastern Europe with a special emphasis on Poland and Romania.



    1920: Mr. Louis Mann is scheduled to deliver an address at the annual meeting of the Rodeph Sholom Women’s Association this afternoon in Manhattan.



    1921: Benjamin Schlesinger, the President of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union laid the cornerstone for the union’s new headquarters building on West 16th Street in NYC.



    1923(7th of Kislev, 5684): Rosalie V. Moses passed away today after which she buried at the Fairmount Cemetery in Denver, CO.



    1923: Birthdate of Polish born Holocaust survivor Samuel Klein, the found of “the Casas Bahia chain of department stores whose success has led him to be called “the Sam Walton of Brazil.”



    1924: In Hartford Max Rich and the former Bella Shub gave birth to DNA expert Alexander Rich.



    1924: Russian born American journalist Isaac Don Levine and his first wife gave birth to their only child, a son, named Robert Don Levine.


    1925:  Birthdate of Russian author Yuli Daniel


    1925: In Paris, Pierre Léon Dreyfus, the “son  of Alfred Dreyfus and Lucie Eugénie Hadamard” and Marie Apollonie Dreyfus gave birth to Nicole Dreyfus


    1925: Birthdate of Jacek Zlatka, the native of Warsaw who as “Jack P. Eisner used the millions he made in the import-export business to tell the story of how he survived the Holocaust in a book, play, movie and many public appearances.” (As reported by Douglas Martin)



    1925: “The Road to Yesterday” a silent film starring Joseph Schildkraut and Jetta Goudal was relased today in the United States.                                                        


    1926: The National Broadcasting Company, part of Robert Sarnoff’s “RCA Empire” debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.



    1927: A pre-Broadway tour of Showboat, Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II musical based on Edna Ferber’s novel began today.



    1928: The National Conference of Jews and Christians sent a telegram to President-elect Hoover “congratulating” him “on his upcoming trip to South America” which the organization hopes “will bring all peoples and creeds both at home and abroad into better relationships of mutual understanding and helpfulness.”



    1929: In Kansas City, MO, Russian Jewish immigrants, Lizzie (née Seliger) and David Morris Asner gave birth to Edward “Ed” Asner the multi-talented actor who could play everything from “Lou Grant” to the menacing “Axel Jordache” in “Rich Man, Poor Man.”



    1930: Northwestern, led by guard Hy Crizevsky, defeated the University Wisconsin by a score of 20-7 at Dyche Stadium in Evanston, IL.



    1932: Birthdate of Haim Drukman, the native of Kuty who made Aliyah in 1944 and now serves as Rosh Yeshiva of Ohr Etzion Yeshiva.



    1932: U.S. premiere of “In the Dough,” a comedy “featuring Shemp Howard of the Three Stooges and Lionel Stander.



    1935: Under the Nuremberg Laws, German Jews are formally stripped of their citizenship meaning among other things that they cannot vote, hold public office or be employed by the government.



    1935: The German Churches begin to collaborate with the Nazis by supplying records to the government indicating who is a Christian and who is not; that is, who is a Jew.



    1935: “A Night at the Opera” the Marx Brothers comedy co-starring Kitty Carlisle, produced by Irving Thalberg with a script by George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind and Al Boasberg was released in the United States today by MGM.



    1936: In Hamburg Emma (née Dietrich),  a Communist Party activist, and  Dagobert Biermann, a German Jewish dockworker a member of the German Resistance gave birth to Wolf Biermann, a Jewish communist German singer-songwriter who survived the bombing of Hamburg in 1943.



    1936: Israel Rokach begins serving as Mayor of Tel Aviv.



    1936: “In Abraham’s Ur of the Chaldes” published today, Louise Maunsell Field provided an in depth review of Abraham: Recent Discoveries and Hebrew Origins by Sir Leonard Woolley.



    1937: The Habima Players of Tel Aviv “who have just ended a successful season at the Paris Exhibition open a season at the Savoy Theater” today in “their second appearance in Britain.  They will open with ‘The Dybbuk,’ probably their finest as well as their most popular production.  The plays all will be performed in Hebrew, but the realism of their acting surmounts to a large degree the barrier of language.”  During the course of the season Habima will also be performing “Uriel Acosta,” “The Wandering Jew,” and “The Goldem’s Dream.”



    1937: Birthdate of actor Yaphet Kotto, both of whose parents are African Jews from Cameroon. In an interview he said being fully Black and Jewish gave others even more reason to pick on him growing up in New York City. However, to this day, he remains a devout, practicing Jew. Yaphet Kotto is a regular on TV's, Homicide: Life on the Streetsplaying the role of Lt. Al Giardello



    1937: Haaretz and Davar, two of the leading Jewish dailies in Palestine, “publish strong editorials “condemning recent acts of violence by Jews brought on by the last two years of Arab attacks.  The two papers called on “Jews to ‘take revenge’ only through constructive activities.”



    1938: “The first solo exhibition of the work of Frida Kahlo” which had been mounted by Julien Levy at his gallery at 15 East 57th Street came to a close today.



    1938: Jewish students were barred from German schools



    1938: In Saxony, eleven year old Zeev Raphael was expelled from the Hans-Schemm-Schule.




    1938: Captain Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay, the British anti-Semitic Nazi sympathizing politician attended a luncheon at the German Embassy in London where he met with other Englishmen who sympathized with Hitler.



    1938: In the wake of the bloody pogroms of Kristallnacht, United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt withdraws the United States ambassador from Germany;



    1939: The Nazis began the mass murder of Warsaw Jews.  The war had started on September 1, 1939.  After only two and a half months, the War Against the Jews was in full swing.  This is one more fact that puts the lie to those revisionists who contend that genocide was not an essential part of the Nazi program from its very outset.



    1939: The anti-Semitic Fideikommissariat(Estate commission) is established to "Aryanize" Jewish-owned businesses in Occupied Poland.



    1939: In New York City Avraham Kotto who claimed to be related to Jews who had ruled a region in Cameroon and Gladys Marie, a nurse and Army officer who had converted before marrying her husband gave birth to actor Yaphet Kotto, whose most famous role may have been that of Lt. Al Giardello in the outstanding series “Homicide: Life on the Street.”



    1940: The Nazis officially declared the Warsaw ghetto to be in existence as workers began to build walls to encircle district.



    1940: Welterweight Al “Bummy” Davis (Albert Abraham Davidoff) lost a non-title bought in which he committed so many fouls that he was disqualified from boxing by the New York State Boxing Commission.



    1941: Four days after his death in a plane crash, Charles Huntziger, one of the French generals who signed “the anti-Semitic Statue on Jews in 1940” and whose widow was decorated by the regime at Vichy was buried today at Vichy



    1941: “Blues in the Night” a musical directed by Anatole Litvak, produced by Hal B. Wallis and with a script by Robert Rossen was released in the United States today.



    1941: Hinrich Lohse, the Nazi official who had created the ghetto in Riga, Latvia, by rounding up all of the Jew’s living in the city and its surrounding areas asked his boss Alfred Rosenbeg to confirm that all the Jews were to be killed “regardless of economic considerations.”  The response would be in the affirmative since the goal was to make Latvia “judenrein” or “Jew free.”



    1942: The Soviet-based Jewish Antifascist Committee releases a report, "The Liquidation of the Jews in Warsaw."



    1942: In Japanese occupied Shanghai, “the idea of a restricted ghetto was approved” today.



    1942: In an action led by Mayer List, two Jewish women partisans in Paris place two time bombs at a Nazi barracks window, which will kill several soldiers.



    1942: In his diary, Rudolf Rederlin described the scene at Belze after a train was unloaded. The men were stripped naked and sent directly to the gas chambers, the women brought to the barracks to have their head shaven. Then they went to the chambers. The head of the Judenrat was ordered to stay behind and beaten to near death as an orchestra played on. Then the man was shot in the head and pushed into the bundle of gassed Jews. 



    1942: In Buenos Aires, Aida (née Schuster) and Enrique Barenboim gave birth tod pianist and conductor Daniel Barenboim.



    1942: Birthdate of Devra G. Kleiman, “a conservation biologist who reintroduced into the wild the tiny endangered monkey known as the golden lion tamarin, and who learned so much about the lives of giant pandas that scientists could later help them reproduce in captivity”



    1943: In describing Leonard Bernstein's first performance as conductor of the New York Philharmonic which occurred last night, The New York Times editorial remarked, "It's a good American success story. The warm, friendly triumph of it filled Carnegie Hall and spread far over the air waves."


    1943: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps".



    1943(17th of Cheshvan, 5704): Twenty-one year old Lawrence Balfour “Duke” Abelson, a Flying Officer with the Royal Canadian Air Force from Ottawa, Ontario, “was killed during a training flight” today after which he was buried in Cheshire, England.



    1943(17th of Cheshvan, 5704): Salo Landau, a Galician born Dutch Chess Champion was probably murdered today at Auschwitz.



    1944: Actor and director Kurt Gerron was killed today at Auschwitz.



    http://holocaustmusic.ort.org/places/camps/western-europe/westerbork/gerronkurt/



    1944: The deportations of Hungarian Jews living in Budapest continued In the meantime the authorities establish an ‘international ghetto' consisting of dozens of buildings that housed Jews technically under the protection of the Swiss Legation.  This rescue operation was engineered by Carl Lutz, a Swiss official representing Great Britain’s interests in Hungary.  Lutz’s rescue work mirrored that of the other, more famous, hero of Hungarian Jewry, Raoul Wallenberg.



    1944: “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo” the film version of the Doolittle Raid directed by Mervyn LeRoy and produced by Sam Zimbalist was released in the United States by MGM.



    1945:Today is a day of prayer and fasting to protest British foreign minister Ernest Bevin's actions.



    1945: A complete curfew is declared at noon in Tel Aviv, Palestine by the British government. Any one (this means Jews) carrying a weapon may be punished by execution.



    1945: In Haifa, Palestine, Zionist sailors serving in the British navy protest.



    1945:  Forty people who were part of the staff of the concentration at Dachau go on trial.  The trial would last until December 14, 1945 resulted in thirty seven of the accused being sentenced to death.



    1947: The British foreign office denies that Britain plans to take over financial surplus in Palestine treasury to pay for costs of evacuation and fighting illegal Jewish immigration.


    1947: Moses A. Leavitt, the executive vice chairman of The Joint Distribution Committee, said that the committee “would increase its food purchases to eight million pounds for the last quarter of this year” and that it would be shipped abroad immediately to aid “distressed Jews” in Europe.


    1947: In Atlantic City, NJ, where 250 delegates had gathered for the opening of the 38th annual convention of the American Federation of Polish Jews, Dr. Schwartzbart, a “member of the World Zionist council and a member of the Polish Parliament in pre-war Poland, said that “the Jewish people may be far from reaching their goal of a Jewish state” because “the way is still fraught with obstacles.”


    1947: “Universal relief over the fact that Britain has formally announced her intention of getting out of Palestine, surrendering her mandate and disassociating herself from the United Nations partition” plan was evident in London today.


    1948:Moshe Shertok declares that Israel will fight before it gives up Negev.


    1948:Israel announces its peace conditions: (1) Jewish control of modern Jerusalem corridor to remainder of Israel; (2) no Arab use of Haifa port or Lydda airport except under Israeli terms; (3) retention of Western Galilee as long as area is needed for Israel's defense; and (4) no readmission of Arab refugees to Israel until peace is established. Israel also requests UN admission.


    1948: As of today, another seven Spitfires had been prepared for the long-range flight to Israel, but Czech authorities refused to let them take off.


    1948:Salah el-Kuntar, leader of Druse tribesmen's National Army, says Druses want their 4,000-square-mile area shifted from Syria to Israel. Druses helped drive Syrian troops out of Upper Galilee.


    1950: The Israeli Cabinet appointed a planning unit “to examine the possibility of” establishing a “settlement in the northeastern Negev desert and the Arad area.”


     


    1952: FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover met with Lewis Wester Jones the president of Rutgers University to discuss pending security cases including one involving ancient and classical scholar Moses I. Finley.


    1952: The Bugs Bunny Cartoon Rabbit's Kin featuring the voice of Mel Blanc is released in theaters throughout the United States.


    1953: The 17thannual meeting of the United Israel Appeal which had been meeting in Chicago for the last two days came to an end. “In response to Prime Minster David Ben-Gurion’s plea for aide, the delegates pledged to carry out a program, apart from fund-raising. Of borrowing a minimum of $75,000,000 for a period of five years ‘in order to refund Israel’s short-term obligations which were incurred as a result of the unprecedented immigration policy.’”


    1953: Alexander Wiley, the Republican Senator from Wisconsin and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee clashed with Guy Gillette, the Democratic Senator from Iowa and the senior member of the committee over the issue of U.S. support for Israel.  Gillette took issue with the Eisenhower administration’s policy in the Middle East which he described as appeasing the Arab states by kicking Israel in public.


    1955(30th of Cheshvan, 5716): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1957(21stof Cheshvan, 5718): Seventy-seven year old Oswego, NY native and Columbia trained urologist Dr. Clarence Garfield Bandler, the son of William and Eva Fox Bandler and the husband of Miriam Zack passed away today.



    1962: Birthdate of Judy Gold the Newark, NJ native known as a comedian but who has also “won two Daytime Emmy Awards for her work as a writer and producer on The Rosie O'Donnell Show.”


    1962: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today for Dr. Milton Simon Fine, the husband of Frances Fine and the father of Stephen Isaac Fine in Manhattan.


    1962: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today for Celia Fishman, the wife of Dr. Harry Fishman and mother of Muriel Feuerman and Dr. Stanley Fishman at the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue where she is remembered for her “gracious service to the synagogue” of which her husband was President.


    1963(28th of Cheshvan, 5724): Symphony conductor Fritz Reiner passed away.  Born in Hungary in 1888, Reiner trained as both a lawyer and a musician.  After a successful career in Europe, he moved to the United States in 1922 where he served as conductor for several symphony orchestras.  He was the conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra at the time of his death at the age of 74


    1966(2nd of Kislev, 5727): William Zorach was a Jewish Lithuanian-born American sculptor, painter, printmaker, and writer who won the Logan Medal of the arts passed away.



    1966: At Staatsoper, world premiere of Paul Dessau’s “Puntila.”


    1967: Birthdate of actress Lisa Bonet. The daughter of a Jewish mother and a black father, Lisa Bonet first found fame in the mid-80s on The Cosby Show as Denise, one of the four daughters of Bill Cosby’s character Cliff Huxtable.


    1967: “Who’s That Knocking At My Door” which marked the cinema debut of Harvey Keitel premiered today in Chicago.


    1967: Two days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to be held today for seventy-two year old Lemberg, Austria, native, Harry Salpeter, “an art deal and critic” and the husband of Betty Berkowitz 




    1968: Birthdate of Dr. Michael Levin


    1969: U.S. premiere of “Goodbye, Mr. Chips” a musical adaption of the novel by the same name directed by Herbert Ross


    1973: Egypt and Israel exchange prisoners of war following the Yom Kippur War.


    1974: “Earthquake” a disaster film produced and directed by Mark Robson which marked the cinema debut of Walter Matthau was released in the United States today.


    1977: Birthdate of Wharton graduate Jonathan Benjamin “Jon” Hurwitz, the screenwriter/director responsible for among other things the “Harold & Kumar” movies.


    1979: Rodef Shalom, “the oldest congregation in Western Pennsylvania” which traces its origins to formation of a burial society in Pittsburgh in 1847, was placed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places today.


    1979: The B'er Chayim Temple (Well of Life, a metaphor in which Torah is likened to water) in Cumberland, Allegany County, Maryland was added to the National Register of Historic Places Properties in Allegany County: Maryland Historical Trust; 2008-10-06. The Temple was built in 1866 for the local Jewish congregation. Originally Orthodox, it is now Reform. It is one of the oldest congregations in Maryland and its 1865 building is one of the oldest synagogue buildings in the United States.


    1981: A revival of Lerner and Lowe’s Camelot" opens at Winter Garden Theater in New York City for 48 performances


    1984: 2:00 AM Paradise Cafe is the fourteenth album by singer-songwriter Barry Manilow was released today.


    1984: After over two decades of building a reputation as a passionate and generous member of the Jewish community through her activism and volunteer work, Baltimorean Shoshana Cardin was elected as the first woman president of the Council of Jewish Federations. Through her work with civic and Jewish groups, Cardin has become one of the most respected Jewish lay leaders of the 1980s and 1990s. As a young mother, Cardin worked as a volunteer and served on the boards of a variety of local nonprofit organizations. As president of Maryland's Federation of Jewish Women's organizations in 1960 and 1961, she used her position to call attention to issues of racial inequality. In 1967 Cardin served as a delegate to Maryland's Constitutional Convention and joined Maryland's Commission for Women in 1968. Although she turned down a nomination to the Federal Reserve Board, Cardin worked to change federal and state laws concerning women's legal access to credit. She also served on Maryland's Commission on Human Relations and as chair of Maryland's State Employment and Training Council from 1979 to 1983. In 1984, Cardin was elected as the first woman president of the Council of Jewish Federations, a national umbrella organization for local groups raising money for social and educational services and for Israel in 189 North American Jewish communities. In this role, she became the first woman to lead a major national Jewish organization. In subsequent years, Cardin has led the National Conference on Soviet Jewry, the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations, the United Israel Appeal, the Center for Learning and Leadership, and the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Most recently, she has been instrumental in creating the Shoshana S. Cardin Jewish Community High School, Baltimore's first transdenominational Jewish high school. (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archivdes)


    1985: “The Last Romantic,” “a documentary filmed the townhouse of Vladimir Horowitz” produced by Peter Gelb was released in the United States today.


    1986: The SEC fined Ivan F. Boesky $100 million for insider stock trading. Boesky was, and is, one of many Jews who have been involved in white collar crime stretching from the junk bond debacle to the collapse of Enron.  To paraphrase a character in a Faye Kellerman novel, God must have known that Jews were capable of theft.  Why else would He have commanded the Jews not to steal?


    1986(13thof Cheshvan, 5747): Eighty-nine year old composer Alexandre Tansman whose career was a “casualty” of the Holocaust passed away today.



    1987: After 1,761 performances over four years, “La Cage aux Folles” with music and lyrics by Jerry Herman came to a close.


    1988: An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.


    1988: “Goetz Collection Picasso Sold for $24.75 Million” published today described the auction of the art collection of the late William and Edith Mayer Goetz.



    1988: ABC broadcast the second episode of “War and Remembrance,” “an American miniseries based on the novel of the same name written by Herman Wouk”


    1989: U.S. premiere of “Steel Magnolias” a film highlighting the strength of southern women directed by Herbert Ross.


    1989: Aaron Sorkin's "Few Good Men," premiered in New York City.  Born in 1961, the Scarsdale native wrote this successful court-martial melodrama without ever serving in the military or attending law school.  He showed his versatility when he wrote the hit romantic comedy, American President.


    1991: CBS broadcast the final episode of “The Trials of Rosie O’neill” created and produced by Barney Rosenzweig.


    1996; “The English Patient” a movie version of the novel of the same name which won an Oscar for producer Saul Zaentz as the Best Picture of the Year, was released today in the United States.


    1997: William Shatner weds Norine Kidd.


    1997: Eighty-eight year old John Coulson “a diplomat at the British Embassy in Paris during the Exodus crisis “suggested how to spin the Jews’ confinement in the camps to score a public relations” when he wrote “If we decide it is convenient not to keep them in camps any longer, I suggest that we should make some play that we are releasing them from all restraint of this kind in accordance with their wishes and that they were only put in such accommodation for the preliminary necessities of screening and maintenance.


    1997(15th of Cheshvan, 5758): Saul Chaplin passed away.  Born Saul Kapan in 1912, this leading American composer and musical director lists of hits include the scores for American in Paris, West Side Story and Seven Brides for Seven Brothers.  He collaborated with Sammy Cahn on that unique musical creation "Bei Mir Bist Du Schoen” a popular song, the title meaning "to me you are beautiful." According to at least one show biz legend, the original verson of the song was written for a Yiddish musical in 1932.  In 1937 Cahn and Chaplin heard two African American singers perform it at the Apollo Theatre in Harlem.  Impressed with the audience response, they bought the rights to the song, reworked it, and the rest is musical history.


    1998: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including The Hidden Book In The Bible Restored, translated and introduced by Richard Elliott Friedman, Truth Comes In Blows: A Memoirby Ted Solotaroff, There Once Was A World: A Nine-Hundred-Year Chronicle of the Shtetl of Eishyshokby Yaffa Eliach, Flora’s Suitcase by Dalia Rabinovich and Seasons of Her Life: A Biography of Madeleine Korbel Albrightby Ann Blackman.


    1999: Irwin Cotler began serving as a Member of the Canadian Parliament for Mount Royal.


    1999: INS Leviathan, a Dolphin class submarine, was commissioned today.


    1999: A new exhibit on life and work of Jewish activist Rebecca Affachiner, known affectionately as "the Betsy Ross of Israel," at Emory University's Schatten Gallery will open with a special public program and reception today in the Joseph W. Jones Room of Woodruff Library.


    1999: A dinner was held in Melbourne in honor of the late Ron Castan.


    2000: U.S. Senator-elect Hillary Rodham Clinton “delivered an emotional eulogy for Leah Rabin” today in Jerusalem.


    2001: After being hired today as President and CEO of the Red Sox, Larry Luchino hired Theo Epstein


    2001: Ilyas Malayev an Uzbekistani musician and poet who had emigrated to the United States, in part because he could not get his poetry published due to anti-Semitism became a United States citizen today.


    2002: “Interview With The Assassin” produced by Brian Koppelman and David Levien was released today in the United States today.


    2002(10th of Kislev, 5763):Twelve people - 9 soldiers and three civilians from the Kiryat Arba emergency response team - were killed and 15 others wounded in Hebron when Palestinian terrorists opened fire and threw grenades at a group of Jewish worshipers and their guards as they were walking home from Sabbath prayers at the Cave of the Patriarchs. The dead included civilian worshipers and soldiers, some of whom were caught in an ambush as they pursued the attackers. Three terrorists were killed in the attack, which was claimed by the Islamic Jihad. The victims: Col. Dror Weinberg, 38, of Jerusalem; Border Police officer Ch.-Supt. Samih Sweidan, 31, of Arab al-Aramsha; Sgt. Tomer Nov, 19, of Ashdod; Sgt. Gad Rahamim, 19, of Kiryat Malachi; St.-Sgt. Netanel Machluf, 19, of Hadera; St.-Sgt. Yeshayahu Davidov, 20, of Netanya; Sgt. Igor Drobitsky, 20, of Nahariya; Cpl. David Marcus, 20, of Ma'aleh Adumim; and Lt. Dan Cohen, 22, of Jerusalem. The three civilian members of the Kiryat Arba emergency response team killed were Yitzhak Buanish, 46; Alexander Zwitman, 26; and Alexander Dohan, 33.


    2002: In the following letter-to-the editor published in the New York Times, Martin Peretz, Editor in Chief, “The New Republic,” comes to the defense of Daniel Jonah Goldhagen,


    In a vast documentation of the culpability of the Roman Catholic Church in the Nazi genocide of the Jews, the archdiocese of Munich has caught Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, the author of ''A Moral Reckoning,'' in one tiny mistake. It has gone to court to get an injunction against the sale of the book, reviving the index of what it does not want people to read. Mr. Goldhagen misidentified a cleric marching at a Nazi rally in a photograph included in his text. Relying on the authority of a responsible scholarly archive, he indicated that the priest was Cardinal Michael Faulhaber. It wasn't. Still, several incidents involving the cardinal, cited in the book and not challenged by anyone, are devastating. They support the author's argument that the church was not a passive witness to the Holocaust but an active collaborator in it. And who was the mysterious father in the photograph? Alas, the papal nuncio, Cesare Orsenigo, the personal diplomatic representative of Pius XI.


    2003(20th of Cheshvan, 5764): Laurence Tisch, former CEO of CBS passed away.



    2003(20th of Cheshvan, 5764): The first day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings, in which two car bombs, targeting two synagogues, explode, killing 25 people and wounding about 300.


    2005: Two years to the day after his brother passed away, Preston Robert Tisch, owner of Lowes Hotel and the New York Giants, passed away.


    2005: Today, a fellow female police detective described her first meeting with Felicia Shpritzer “who in the early 1960's broke a gender barrier in the New York Police Department when she earned a sergeant's stripes, paving the way for the advancement of women in police work across the country” saying that “she was wearing a trench coat and loafers and carrying two shopping bags.”  Speaking with “her thick Yiddish accent” Shpritzer “looked and acted like the typical Jewish mother” who “comforted her subordinates when they had problems and scolded them when they were wrong.”


    2005: When an Israir charter flight takes off this morning for Tunis it will be historic not only because it is the maiden trip of an Israeli airline to the North African Arab country. More significantly, it will be carrying Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom a man who left Tunisia, his place of birth, at the age of one and is now returning for the first time as his adopted country’s foreign minister. Shalom is traveling to Tunisia to attend the UN World Summit on the Information.


    2005: Judge Ulrich Meinerzhagen announced that the trial of Holocaust denier Ernst Zündel on 14 counts of inciting racial hatred “was to be rescheduled to allow new counsel time to prepare.”


    2006: “The Jewish Eye-World Jewish film Festival” opened at Be’er Sheva.  The festival featured the first showing of Director Ramin Farahani’s Jews of Iran.


    2006: Jack Abramoff began serving his term in the minimum security prison camp of Federal Correctional Institution, Cumberland, Maryland, as inmate number 27593-112.


    2007(5thof Kislev, 5768): Ninety-two year old Tani Lispector, the middle daughter of Pinkhas Lispector and Mania Krimgold Lispector and older sister of Brazilian author Clarice Lispector passed away today.


    2007: Ruth Wisse, “a pioneer in the development of Yiddish scholarship in the United States…received the…National Humanities Medal in a ceremony at the White House.”  (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archives)


    2007: In Stuttgart, the first German production of Stephen Schwartz’s musical “Wicked” opened at the Palladium Theatre.


    2007: A children’s book entitled Germ Stories by the late Dr. Arthur Kornberg appears in bookstores.


    2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, Muhammad Abu Ajaj presents Bedouin music and songs from the Negev.


    2007:The MFA in Creative Writing Program at George Washington University hosts an evening with four writers participating in the University of Iowa's International Writing Program including AlexEpstein, a fiction writer from Israel.


    2008: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Curtis David Litow, son of Kathy and Charlie Litow, is called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah.


    2008:The Ninth Annual Rutgers New Jersey Jewish Film Festival presents “Jellyfish.” “Set against the background of Israel’s most cosmopolitan city, Jellyfish tells the story of three very different Tel Aviv women – a waitress, a disappointed bride, and a domestic worker from the Philippines. Subject to the whims of destiny, they struggle to find love as their intersecting lives create an unlikely portrait of modern Israeli life.”


    2008: On Saturday night MK Ya'acov Litzman was attacked by a group of Slonimer Hassidim.  Reportedly the attack shows the anger with the Gur community over Nir Barkat's victory in the Jerusalem mayoral race has continued past Election Day. The embattled Litzman, a representative of the Gur Hassidim within the haredi United Torah Judaism Party, was allegedly cursed, pushed and kicked before being pelted with kugel shortly after arriving at a family celebration being held at a Slonimer-owned hall in Jerusalem's Mea She'arim neighborhood


    2009: A revival of “Ragtime” a musical based on the E.L. Doctorow’s novel with lyrics by Lynn Ahrens opened at the Neil Simon Theatre.


    2009: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington holds its 49thannual meeting.


    2009: The groups Adas Reads and Brunch & Learn present a reading and discussion with New York Times columnist Thomas L. Friedman, author of "From Beirut to Jerusalem" and, most recently, "Hot, Flat, and Crowded: Why We Need a Green Revolution--and How It Can Renew America," and Washington Post reporter Laura Blumenfeld, author of "Revenge: A Story of Hope," at the Adas Israel Congregation, the only Conservative Synagogue located in the Distric of Columbia. The writers will discuss the influence of revenge on international affairs


    2009: The 40th Annual Book Festival sponsored by the JCC of Greater Washington and The 4th annual Jewish Book Festival sponsored by The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia come to an end.


    2009: AJHS, CJH, and YUM sponsor an International Conference entitled “Genocide and Human Experience: Raphael Lemkin's Thought and Vision.”


    2009: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Humbling by Philip Roth and the recently released paperback editions of Reborn: Journals and Notebooks, 1947-1963 by Susan Sontag; edited by David Rieff and My Father’s Paradise: A Son’s Search for His Family’s Past by Ariel Sabar whose “father was the last bar mitzvah boy in a Kurdish town where Jews had lived for nearly 3,000 years. Soon thereafter, most of Kurdistan’s Jews left for Israel, taking with them their ancient language, Aramaic, Jesus’ tongue. The elder Sabar, reduced to manual labor in Israel, spent his time obsessively cataloging his dying language. Sabar’s book is a biography of his father but also ‘part history, linguistics primer and memoir.’”


    2009: The Washington Post features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including America’s Prophet: Moses and the American Story by Bruce Feiler and SUPERFREAKONOMICS: Global Cooling, Patriotic Prostitutes and Why Suicide Bombers Should Buy Life Insurance by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner


    2009: In Crown Heights Chabad's the 25th annual International Conference of Shluchim comes to a close.  The “lamplighters” like the renowned Rabbi Pinchas Ciment of Little Rock, AR, return to the life-long labor of drawing their fellow Jews to warmth of Torah and the love of Ha-shem.


    2010: Internationally acclaimed photographer, videographer and filmmaker Shirin Neshat and best-selling author Angella Nazarian are scheduled to present a program entitled The Jewish-Iranian Immigrant Experience: At the Threshold of Two Worlds at the 92nd Street Y.


    2011: Julie Salamon, author of “Wendy & the Lost Boys,” Myla Goldberg, author of “The False Friend,” and William Cohan, author of “Money & Power” are scheduled to speak at the St. Louis Jewish Book Festiva.


    2011: “The Little Traitor” a film based on a novel by Amos Oz is scheduled to be shown at the Jewish Eye World Film Festival.


    2011:Recent bouts of violence along Israel's border with the Gaza Strip are leading toward significant and offensive military action in the coastal enclave, Israel Defense Forces chief Benny Gantz said today, adding that there was still a chance for a flare-up of West Bank violence over the Palestinian statehood bid at the United Nations.


    2011:About 100 senior doctors submitted their resignation today, in an apparent escalation of the residents' struggle against a National Labor Court decision to cancel their previous collective protest resignation.


    2011(18th of Cheshvan, 5772): Eighty-nine year old Hubert C. Wine “a solicitor, District Court judge and prominent member of the Irish Jewish community who served as the chairman of the Jewish Representative Council of Ireland for fourteen years” passed away today.



    2012: “The Art of Spiegelman” which provides a look at the world and studio of Art Spieglman, the creator of Maus, is scheduled to be shown at the UK Jewish Film Festival.


    2012: World Music from Poland is scheduled to meet Spanish Flamenco when Kroke Trio and Amir-John Haddad perform at the International Jerusalem Oud Festival.


    2012: The Canadian Folk Music Awards is scheduled to open today in New Brunswick. “Songs for the Breathing Walls,” a collection of mainly Jewish liturgical pieces recorded by Lenka Lichtenberg in 12 Czech Synagogues has been nominated for two awards at the festival. (As reported by Renee Ghert-Zand)


    2012: Final day for submitting entries to the Agudas Achim Poetry Contest.  The poems are each intended to memorialize the congregation’s former home on East Washington Street in Iowa City.


    2012(1st of Kislev, 5773): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    2012(1st of Kislev): According to Rabbi Judah, the start of the winter season in Israel


    2012:The Israeli Air Force struck some 70 targets in the Gaza Strip in one hour's time, the IDF Spokesman's Office said shortly before 10 p.m. tonight. Among the targets, the IDF statement said, were underground medium-range rocket launching pads. The most recent blitz of air strikes brought the total number to well over 300.


    2012:Booms were heard following an air raid siren in Tel Aviv this evening, just an hour after a rocket from the Gaza Strip exploded in an open field outside of Rishon Lezion. There were no reports of injuries in either strike.


    2012(1st of Kislev, 5773): Mirah Scharf, 25, Aharon Smadja, 49, and Itzik Amsalem, 27 were murdered by Hamas rockets at Kiryat Malachi (City of Angels).


    2013: “The Fading Valley” and “Under The Same Sun” are scheduled to be shown 7th annual Other Israel Film Festival.


    2013: “Boris Lurie: The 1940’s”, a ninety five piece exhibition is scheduled to come to an end today at the Studio House Space.


    2013: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform at the University of Mary Washington in Frederiksberg, VA


    2013: In Encino, CA, Valley Beth Shalom a Yiddish evening of song featuring Eleanor Reissa.


    2013: Today “the first baby was born at the IDF field hospital set up the day before in the Philippines to help deal with the destruction Typhoon Haiyan has left in its wake. The mayor of Bogo City where the hospital was established announced the baby will be named "Israel." As reported by Ari Yashar)


    2013: “Jewish Identities” published today included reviews Jews in Gotham, The Rise of Abraham Cahan, Hanukkah in America and Jews and the Military.



    2014(22ndof Cheshvan, 5775): Shabbat Chayei Sarah


    2014: In New Orleans, Tulane University, home of the Tulane University Jewish Studies Department chaired by Dr. Brian Horowitz is scheduled to play its first Homecoming Football game in Yulman Stadium.


    2014(22ndof Cheshvan, 5775): Sixty five year old transgendered activist and author Leslie Feinberg passed away today in Syracuse, NY.



    2014(22ndof Cheshvan, 5775):  Seventy-seven year old “Mervyn Smith, president of the African Jewish Congress and a major anti-apartheid activist in the Jewish community” passed away today.



    2014: The 6th Annual International Holiday Bazar sponsored by Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center is scheduled to open today.


    2014: The Batsheva Dance Company is scheduled to perform for the third and last time during its current visit to New York.


    2014: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host a chamber music concert featuring works by Brahms and Tchaikovsky.


    2014: In Melbourne, “Natan” and “24 Days” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014: “The Sturgeon Queens” and “Bethlehem” are scheduled to be shown at the 18thUK Jewish Film Festival.


    2014: “A 31-year-old Belgian rabbi was stabbed in Antwerp today while on his way to his synagogue, near a train station in the city’s Jewish district.”


    2014: Arabs threw rocks and fired fireworks at police as they clashed with Israeli security forces in East Jerusalem.


    2014: “University professor Hassan Diab, a Canadian of Lebanese descent, appeared before an anti-terror judge just hours after arriving from Montreal after losing a six-year legal battle against extradition” and “was charged in Paris today for his role in the deadly 1980 bombing of a Paris synagogue that killed four and wound forty who were among the 300 worshipers attending Kabbalath Shabbat services.


    2015(3rd of Kislev, 5776): Seventy year old songwriter P.F. Sloan (born Philip Gary Schlein) passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)



    2015: The 17th Annual Jewish Children’s Book Writers & Illustrators Seminar sponsored by the Jewish Book Council is scheduled to be held today in NYC.


    2015: "Theodore Bikel: In the Shoes of Sholom Aleichem" is scheduled to be shown at the Yiddish Book Center in Amherst, MA.


    2015: The Jewish Federation of Greater Washington in partnership with the University of Maryland Hillel are scheduled to host “Routes: A Day of Jewish Learning.”


    2015: Eighty-six year old Stephen Birmingham who was mistakenly thought to be Jewish because he wrote Our Crowd’: The Great Jewish Families of New York, The Grandees: America’s Sephardic Elite and The Rest of Us: The Rise of America’s Eastern European Jews passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)



    2015: Dr. Stanton Samenow, author of Inside the Criminal Mind is scheduled to serve as moderator at Beth El Hebrew Congregation’s “Meet the Authors” program featuring Ellen Brazer, Bea Epstein and Dr. Allan J. Lichtman.


    2015: Tel Aviv born composer, pianist, singer and arranger, Yoni Rechter who “has worked closely with many of Israel's top artists, including Arik Einstein, Gidi Gov, and Yehudit Ravitz” is scheduled to perform at the B.B. King Blues Club & Grill tonight in New York.


    2015: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Killing A King: The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and the Remaking of Israel by Dan Ephron, My Life on the Road by Gloria Steinem, Saving Capitalism: For the Many, Not the Few by Robert B. Reich, Reading Claudius: A Memoir in Two Parts by Caroline Heller and Between Gods: A Memoir by Alison Pick.


    2016(14thof Cheshvan, 5777): Ninety-two year old music producer and arranger Milt Okun passed away today. (As reported by Daniel E. Slotnik)



    2016: Kosherfest, “the world’s largest kosher trade show” opened today at Secaucus, NJ.


    2016: According to a report by Channel 10 broadcast 10, David Shimron “a long-time personal lawyer to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu” and “the representative of a German company trying to sell Israeli military submarines that Netanyahu has been pushing for Israel to buy against the will of the IDF” “is alleged to be at the center of a multi-billion shekel controversy involving Israel’s possible purchase” of these ships.


    2016: In collaboration with multiple organizations, including the Thaler Foundation and Coe College, the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library are scheduled to host Gideon Frieder, a speaker from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Survivor Speakers’ Bureau to speak of his experience as a Holocaust survivor at Coe College’s Sinclair Auditorium.


    2017: Lebanon is scheduled to announce which companies have won the auction granting drilling rights “to areas in the Mediterranean Sea contested by neighboring Israel.”


    2017: “Ra’anan Boustan (Princeton University)” is scheduled to “speak on the paradoxical image of Rome as a repository for “Jewish” artifacts and strategies by which Roman Jews and Roman Christians utilized these artifacts to make claims on the ancient past’ at the Center for Jewish History


    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host “Jewbilation MT17.”


    2017: “Land of the Little People” and “West of the Jordan River” are scheduled to shown at the 21st UK International Jewish Festival.


    2017: Kosherfest 2017 is scheduled to come to an end today.



    2017(26thof Cheshvan, 5778): One-hundred and six year old MIT graduate and numismatist Eric Pfeiffer Newman, the husband of Evelyn Newman with whom he had two children, passed away today, (As reported by Robert D. McFadden)



     


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate the lives of Jewish authors such as Dr. Brian Horowitz the author of a series of books including Empire Jews which paint a realistic of the world most know only from “Fiddler on the Roof” and Jewish books for the next thirty days is scheduled to continue for a fourth day.


    2018: “Jonathan Franzen is scheduled to read from his new essay collection, The End of the End of the Earth” at the 92nd Street Y today.


    2018: The American Jewish Historical Society is scheduled to host “Seltzertopia” which will include the New York “premier screening of the short ‘Egg Cream’ and a celebration of the publication of Seltzertopia: The Extraordinary Story of an Ordinary Drink by Barry Joseph, followed by tastings of various egg creams.”


    2018: “Doubtful” and “Song of Black and Neck” are scheduled to be shown at the 38th Gershman Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival.


    2018: The Maltz Museum is scheduled to host a lecture on “Talmud and Literature: How an Ancient Jewish Text Can Inspire Contemporary Art” followed by a Q and A with Ruby Namdar, the author of The Ruined House, “winner of Israel’s 2014 Sapir Prize.”


    2018: Columbia University, Fordham University and YIVO Institute is scheduled to host “In Dialogue: Polish Jewish Relations During the Interwar Period” with “Samuel Kassow, the Charles H. Northam Professor of History at Trinity College, and one of the world's leading scholars on the Holocaust and the Jews of Poland” and “Paul Brykczyński, an independent historian, whose interests include nationalism, antisemitism, and radical politics, in Eastern Europe and beyond” and whose “first book, Primed for Violence: Murder, Antisemitism, and Democratic Politics in Interwar Poland, won the Kulczycki Book Prize in Polish Studies.


    2018: As they awake this morning, Israelis look to see the impact of the resignation of Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman while those living along the border with Gaza contemplate the impact of Netanyahu’s ceasefire agreement.


     


     


     


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    November 16


    42 BCE: Birthdate of Tiberius, 2nd Roman emperor. The stepson of Augustus reigned from 14 to 37 C.E. A competent general with a sour disposition, Tiberius came to the thrown through the efforts of his pushy mother. Tiberius treatment of the Jews did not spring from some early form of anti-Semitism. Rather, he was a bit of a clod who made poor decisions, some of which impacted the Jews. He placed power in the hands of the power-hungry Sejanus who happened not to like Jews. He appointed Pontius Pilate Procurator in Judea, a role that was a classic mismatch between the governed and the governor. And for a period, he banned the Jews from Rome, but this had to do with some domestic spat, not religion. In the end the true measure of the man was his choice of heirs. Tiberius selected Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, better known as Caligula. Caligula’s belief in his own divinity would create another set of problems for the Jews of Judea and Alexandria.


    534: Publication of the second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus or Justinian’s Code. The code reflected Justinian’s hostility towards Judaism. It contained provisions that prohibited marriage between a Christian and a Jew (the fear was that the marriage would lead to the Christian converting to Judaism) and placed restrictions on the practice of circumcision. It elevated canon law to the equal of civil law thus forcing the Jews to accept the authority of Church officials. It also forced the Jews to use a Greek translation of the Bible in their services, placed restrictions on public assembly by Jews, prohibited Jews from building new synagogues and testifying against Christians in legal matters and finally banned the celebration of Passover in years when it came before Easter.


    1272: King Edward III passed away. King Edward continued the predatory taxation policies towards his Jewish subjects that had been followed by his father King John. In addition to confiscatory tax policies, the King enacted royal decrees inimical to the well-being of the Jewish people including one that stated, “And that there be no synagogue of the Jews in England save in those places in which synagogues were in the time of King John, the king’s father…and that every Jew wear his badge conspicuously on his breast.”


    1380: Jews were killed in riots in Paris.


    1384: Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman. Jadwiga would marry Jogaila, the Grand Duke of Lithuania who took the name of Władysław II when ascended the Polish throne. The purpose of the marriage was to unite Poland and Lithuania. For the Jews of Poland, the results were less than optimal since the first extensive persecutions of the Jews took place during the reign Wladislaus II and neither the king nor his successors acted to stop these events.


    1491: Five Jews were accused of murdering a child in La Guardia (Spain). The investigation was conducted by Tomas De Torquemada, the cleric who would later lead the infamous Spanish Inquisition. Even though there were no witnesses nor was a body ever found all five were found guilty. Three of them were forcibly baptized, strangled, and then burned. The two others were just torn apart.


    1497: Gershon Soncino published a copy of “Talmud Babli Sanhedrin” at Barco.


    1500: In Pilsen, “Kaspar Bernášek is shown to owe 100 Meissen thalers or 50 Bohemian coppers to the Jew Mekl and his son Turek. In the event of non-repayment, they had the right to sell his possessions and hereby to avoid damages, although without having the right to any interest payments”


    1628: Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham, under whose leadership a group of Sephardic Jews migrated to Suriname in 1652 and “settled in the Jodensavanne area” married Elizabeth Cecil today.


    1694(28th of Cheshvan): Rabbi David Lida, author of Be’er Mayim Hayyim, passed away


    1745: In Trier Rabbi Isaac Sinzheim and his wife gave birth to Joseph David Sinzheim, the Chief Rabbi of Strasbourg.


    1756 (23rd of Cheshvan): Rabbi Isaac ben Samuel Lampronti, author of Pahad Yizhak, passed away.


    1779: Sixty-three year old naturalist and explorer Pehr Kalm who on his visit to the United States in 1748 described the Jews of New York as forming “a considerable portion of the population” passed away today He also said the Jews “had stores and fine houses and ships, and a flourishing synagogues and enjoyed all the privileges of other citizens.  The young Jews, especially when away from home, made no scruple about eating pork when the opportunity offered.”


    1794(23rd of Cheshvan, 5555): Saul Berlin passed away in London. Born in 1740, he “was a German Talmudist and one of the most learned Jews of the Mendelssohnian period.”


    1803: In Frankfurt am Main, Jacob Hirsch Kann, the “son of Miriam and Isaac Jacob Kann” and Jetta Kahnn gave birth to Philip Kann.


    1803: Birthdate of Heinrich Ewald the German theologian and author whose works included Complete Court on the Hebrew Language, The Poetical Books of the Old Testament, History of the People of Israel and Antiquities of the People of Israel.


    1818: Two days after she had passed away, 67 year old Lydia Cohen, the wife of Levi Barent Cohen with whom she had seven children, was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.


    1819: Birthdate of Wilhelm Marr, the ner-do-well who married three Jewish women, became a leader in the modern German anti-Semitism movement and then recanted his beliefs towards the end of his life.



    1821: Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail which enjoyed a Golden Era of trade that lasted until the early 1850’s. Jews were reluctant to be identified as such since New Mexico was still thought to be within the jurisdiction of the Inquisition. Apparently a Prussian Jew named Albert Speyer had no such qualms and he conducted trading operations on the Santa Fe Trail and in Mexico itself in the early 1840’s


    1825: Jacob Abraham Wood married Hannah Simmons at the Hambro Synagogue today.


    1827 OS(9th of Kislev, 5588): Fifty-four year old Dovber Schneuri, the second Lubavitcher Rebbe also known as the Mittler Rebbe (or Middle Rebbe) who was the son of Shneur Zalman of Liabi, the found Chabad Lubavitch  and whose daughter Chaya Mushka married her cousin Menachem Mendel Schneersohn who became the third rebbe, passed today on his birthday, according to the Hebrew calendar.


    1827: Birthdate of Charles Eliot Norton, the Harvard professor, whose friendship with James Loeb was so meaningful that Loeb, the Jewish banker and philanthropist created The Charles Eliot Norton Memorial Lectureship in his honor.


    1831: Elias and Sophia Solomons were married at the Hambro Synagogue today.


    1833: In the United Kingdom, The Dover Telegraph reported that Fanny Nathan, the daughter of local china and fruit importer had Mr. Abrahams of Canterbury.


    1841: Birthdate of Abraham Mendes Chumaceiro, the Amsterdam native who moved to Curaçao in 1856, where he became a prominent member of the bar.


    1843: Samuel Strauss and his wife, the former Rosalia Drucker gave birth to Sigmund Ferdinand Strauss the brother of British MP Arthur Strauss.


    1845: Israel Beer Josaphat was baptized at St. George’s German Lutheran Chapel in London where he took the new name of Paul Julius Reuter.  His name lives on today in the name of the news service he established- Reuter’s.  Reuter may have shed his religion but his enemies would mock him as a Jew when it suited their needs.


    1849: Hayyim Zebi Lerner, the native of Dubno who was a follower of Wolf Adesohn, a leader of the Maskilim, “was appointed government teacher of the Jewish public school of Berdychev.”


    1850(11thof Kislev, 5611): Aaron Alexandre, “a Bavarian trained rabbi” who became a leading chess player after arriving in France in 1793 passed away today in London.


    1852: “Germany: Political Movements” published today reported that in Berlin that newly empowered reactionaries are seeking to modify Article 12 of the Constitution, which had freed “the exercise of political rights from all dependence on the religion of the citizen…” The change is aimed at excluding the Jews from the political process so that Prussia will be “a Christian State.”  The liberals are afraid that once the Jews are excluded, other groups will be excluded including “the free communists, German Catholics and other non-conformists.


    1853: The Tenth Anniversary Dinner of the German Benevolent Society was held tonight at the Assembly Rooms in New York City. Joseph Seligman, president of the society presided over the affair which was attended by two hundred gentlemen. The attendees donated $2,000 to the society.


    1853: Birthdate of Victor Worms, the native of Luxembourg who was the younger brother of Emile Worms and a prominent French lawyer.


    1859: Two days after she had passed away, 56 year old Isabella Myers, the wife of Benjamin Myers with whom she had four children, was buried at the Exeter Jewish Cemetery.


    1860: Birthdate of Jesse Houghton Metcalf, the Senator from Rhode Island, who as early as June of 1933 “deplored” the racial and religious prejudice of the German government in a speech on the floor of the Senate.


    1868: “The will of Abraham Hirsh was probated” today.


    1871: “Cruelties Practiced by Poultry Dealers” published today described activities at the so-called “Jews’ Washington Market” on Essex Street which is home to a large number of butchers and their coops of chicken.


    1874: It was reported today that Rabbi Artom officiated at the wedding of Mr. Isaac Abecassis of Lisbon and Miss Helena Ben Sande of the Azores at the Portugese Synagogue on Bryanstone Street.  The service included all of the Jewish traditions including the breaking of the glass.  The reception was held at the Langham Hotel where Jewish traditions continued to prevail among a wedding party that included many gentiles as could be seen by wearing of hats by the Jewish men during the entire affair.


    1874: It was reported today that Carl Schurz will deliver a lecture next Wednesday members of the Hebrew Young Men’s Association in New York.


    1874: It was reported today that Rabbi De Sola Mendez will deliver a lecture next week at the Lyric Hall in New York City.


    1874: It was reported today that the Jews of Chicago have held a service to honor the memory of Rabbi Abraham Geiger, the leader of Reform Judaism in Berlin who passed away in October of 1874.


    1874: It was reported today that those who lost seats in recent Austrian elections blame their defeat on the fact that there were two Jewish members of the government.


    1879: It was reported today that “Romania positively refuses to enfranchise her dirty Israelites, except on her own conditions” which are not those that she had agreed to when negotiating with the Great Powers.


    1879: Four days after he had pass away, 61 year old Isaac Lindo Mocatta, the son of Moses Mocatta and Abigail Lindo, the husband of Abigail Mocatta and the father of Grace Mocatta, was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.


    1881: It was reported today that SS Silesia is expected to arrive soon in New York City with 250 Jews from Russia.  A total of 5,000 Jews are expected to come during the Winter months.  “Most of the Jews are farmers and will settle in Texas and Louisiana.”  The Hamburg Line, whose ships are bringing the Jews to America, has promised to provide Kosher food for the travelers “from the time they leave the Russian frontier until” they arrive in the United States.


    1881: It was reported today that Julius J. Frank is planning on giving a lecture to the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.


    1881: It was reported today that The Porte has told representatives of English and German philanthropists who are promoting the migration of Jews to Turkey that Jews will be allowed to settle “in separate communities in all parts of the empire, except Palestine.


    1883: It was reported today that in England, Charles K. Salaman has used “words…in the original language of the Old Testament to compose “A Hebrew Love Song.” (Salaman is name many do not recognize today.  He was prolific 19th Anglo-Jewish composer whose career spanned 70 years)


    1883: It was reported today the President of the Union Trust Company on Broadway in New York gave David Salzman a quarter when he turned in a check in the amount of $1,250 drawn on the company.  The Jewish boy who works as a bootblack “was somewhat surprised at the amount.”


    1883: In Chicago, Eli Benjamin Felsenthal and Nettie Felsenthal gave birth Agatha Felsenthal who became Agatha Schoenbrun when she married Leo Schoenbrun with whom she had three children.


    1884: The leaders of the Ladies’ Auxiliary Society hosted their annual reception at the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York.


    1884: Rabbi Gustav Gottheil officiated at the wedding of Miss Leonitine Huebsch, the daughter of Rabbi Adolphus Huesbsch , of blessed memory and Mrs. Joshua Kantrowitz, associate editor of the Hebrew Standard.


    1885: The National Rabbinical Convention, a meeting of Reform rabbis from across the United States, opened this morning in Concordia Hall in Allegheny City, PA.


    1886: Sigmund and Julia Kohlman gave birth to Alabama resident Flossye Kohlman.


    1886: “Curious Will Suit” published today described litigation brought by the heirs of the late Moses Issacks  to try and recover $50,000 that had been left to him as a life interest by his Uncle, the late Sampson Simson, the noted philanthropist who helped to fund Mt. Sinai Hospital.  According to the will, upon Isaacks death, the principle of the life estate was to revert to an organization that would help with educational activities in Jerusalem. The executor of the estate turned the money over to the North American Relief Society for the Indigent Jews but the heirs claim they should get the money because the money did not exist at the time of Simson’s death so it was not eligible. (The court will find for the Society.)


    1886: In Glasgow, KY, Caroline Morris and Joseph Korck, gave birth to Arthur B. Krock who was raised by his maternal grandparents Emmanuel and Henrietta Morris until he was six and who gained fame as a conservative political journalist working for the New York Times. According to some published reports, during the 1930’s the Jewish publisher of the Timesdenied Krock who would win four Pulitzer prizes  a promotion because the paper did not want to have Jews in prominent editorial positions.


    1887: Over two thousand men and women attended the 9th annual charity ball hosted by the Brooklyn Orphan Asylum at the Academy of Music.


    1888(12thof Kislev, 5649): Forty-two year old Arsène Darmesteter linguist and author who served as “Professor of Old French Language and Literature” at the Sorbonne who used the writings of Rashi in his study of Old French passed away today.



    1889: It was reported today that shots were fired into stores and homes owned by Jews living in three towns in Louisiana’s East Carroll Parish.  At the town of Alsatia “a placard was stuck on the door” that reading “‘No Jews after the 1st of January.  If you disregard this warning fire and lead will make you leave.’”


    1889: Birthdate of American playwright George S. Kaufman. Born into a family of German-Jews in Pittsburgh Kaufman moved to New York where he worked as a journalist before pursuing a career in the theatre. Kaufman almost always wrote in collaboration with somebody else, but he was always the senior collaborator, no matter how distinguished the other writer might have been. In their day, Kaufman’s works were almost all theatrical successes. But most of his works are not known to today’s public. One exception would be three plays – The Cocoanuts, A Night at the Opera and Animal Crackers – all of which were made into hit movies by the Marx Brothers. Kaufman passed way in 1961.


    1890: Birthdate of Roona, Russia native George Feldman, who “emigrated to Canada in 1913, joined the Jewish Legion in Saskatchewan “and served in Palestine with the 39th Battalion of the Royal Fusilers after which he returned to Canada where he married in 1922 and raised three children.


    1890: In Philadelphia, PA, The Society Hachnasath Orechim, or Wayfarers' Lodge, was organized today.


    1890: In “Alliance Colony, an agricultural community in rural southern New Jersey, Anna Saphro and pharmacist George Sergious Seldes gave birth to Henry George Seldes an “investigative reporter” who was part of a talented family that included his brother, writer Gilbert Seldes, his niece, actress Marian Seldes and his nephew, literary agent Timothy Seldes


    1890: In “One of the Persecuted Jews” published today Herman Rosenstraus, a Russian Jew living in the United States provided a firsthand account of the travails that brought him to this county.


    1891: In Philadelphia, found of Congregation “Dirshu Tove” which held daily service and used Har Nebo Cemetery.


    1892: The building owned by Young Men’s Hebrew Association in Memphis hosts the second day of the National Farmers’ Alliance and Industrial Union’s national convention.  The Alliance is a southern version of the Grange, which was considered to be a “radical” agrarian organization by the railroads and the banks.


    1893: The Russian Jewish immigrants who arrived last week aboard the SS Roland who are still being detained at Ellis Island will be re-examined today and if they continue not to meet the required standards will be ordered back to Europe.


    1893: Today, when Emmeline Obermeyer turned 20, 29 year old photographer Alfred Stieglitz succumbed to family pressure and married her in New York.


    1894: Birthdate of Jacob Samuel Potofsky, the native of Radomysl, Russia who came to the United States where he rose to become President of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers


    1895: Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a sermon at Temple Emanu-El entitled “The Charity of the Jews.”


    1896: Rabbi Kahn of Rodof Sholom officiated at the funeral of 84 year old Ephraim Wolbach who was a co-founder of the congregation.


    1896: Rose Landsberg, the President of the Rochester, NY Section of the National  Council of Jewish Women which had been “organized in the summer of 1895 with a membership of 40” submitted a report which showed the section had grown to 66 members and offered 6 study circles.


    1896: An address by Mrs. Nellie L. Miller of Memphis “stirred up a lively discussion” at this afternoon’s “session of the National Council of Jewish Women.  Many of the delegates took issue with her declaration “that today the people of her race are lax in their religion, careless in the faith of their fathers “ and could learn lessons from Christian women when it comes to “strength and perseverance.


    1897: In Johannesburg, South Africa, Isidore Heyman and his wife gave birth to a son


    1897(21stof Cheshvan, 5658): Eighteen month old Sarah Rosetta “Rosie” Rabbinowicz, the infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E.W. Rabbinowicz passed away today at Whitechapel. UK.


    1897: “Ferdinand Forzinetti, the commandant of the Cherche-Midi military prison, and one of the first to be convinced of Dreyfus's innocence, was relieved of his position when his views about the matter became public.


    1897: In London, The Relief Committee of the Board Guardians was scheduled to meet at 3:30 this afternoon.


    1898: “100,000 Given for Education” published today described how Jacob H. Schiff had contributed $25,000 towards an endowment fund for the Educational Alliance that attracted the following additional contributions: Louis Stern, $25,000; B. Altman, $20,000; William Saloon, $10,000; Isidor Straus, $10,000; Felix Warburg, $5,000 and Louis Marshall, $5,000.


    1898: The staff at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and public health authorities including Dr. Dillingham, the assistant Inspector for the Health Department “discredited” reports “of a severe outbreak of scarlet fever” at the Jewish children’s facility.


    1898: It was reported today that Israel Zangwill had delivered a lecture on the history of the Jewish people in which he said that “Colonel Roosevelt had said to him that the Jews in the Rough Riders were among the bravest in his regiment.”


    1899: Today’s review of the most recent revival of “The Merchant of Venice” praised Henry Irving’s portrayal of Shylock as the best since that of the late Edwin Booth because of its “expression of the Jew’s craft and malice, his implacable disposition and the bitterness of his hatred.”  (Shylock was one of Irving’s signature roles.  Portrayals of Shylock have varied over the centuries and often reflect how Jews are viewed in a given place or time.)


    1899: “Answer to a Correspondent” published today provided a discussion of the etomolgy of “Mizpah” which comes from the Hebrew word “Mitzpah” which “was the name of several places in Palestine” but was first used in the story of Jacob Laban where the word is used to describe “a rude heap of stones” that served as a “witness” to the agreement they had made and served a “boundary” marker.


    1900: Lissa & Kann, the family owned bank managed by Zionist leader Jacobus Henricus Kann makes £ 700,000 available for Herzl’s use. Born in 1872, Kann was an aide to Theodor Herzl and was one of the founders of the Jewish Colonial Trust in 1899. He was an active participant in the Zionist Congresses and was elected to the Zionist Organization's executive in 1905. Later he worked on various projects in Palestine. He passed away in 1945.


    1900(12thof Kislev, 5649): Fifty-nine year old Moritz Rosenhaupt the cantor at Nuremberg who is the author of “Shire Ohel Ya’akob” and who wrote a concerto using the 42ndPsalm passed away today.


    1903: Birthdate of Polish native Casimir Oberfeld, the French composer who was arrested in Nice and shipped to Auschwitz where he died in January, 1945.


    1905: “The diary of a Jewish merchant from Odessa written in the course of those first four awful days of the month when the massacres were in progress were received at the office of The Jewish Morning Journal” today “impress the reader with the horrors of Odessa…far more graphically than of the news dispatches that have reached” the United States.


    1905: Police on the East Side of New York were informed tonight “that swindlers were collecting money in the name of Russian Relief Fund Association and were giving forged receipts for payments that have been made.


    1905: “At the Synagogue Beth Hamedrdash Hagadol where the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregation of the United States and Canada” were meeting tonight Rabbi Pereia Mendes read cablegrams from Baron Grunsberg and Professor Mandelstam of Kiev in which it was stated that disorders in the southern provinces were still in progress.


    1906: The house physician at the Hotel St. George attributed the death of Rabbi Raphael Benjamin to “acute indigestion” which was probably the result of the “bad health” he had been experiencing for an extended period of time.  At the time of his death “he was much disturbed over an incident in connection with the recent unveiling of the Washington monument at the Williamsburg Bridge plaza. He had been invited to speak on that occasion as a representative of the Hebrews, and the Rev. Father Belford pastor of the Roman Catholic Church of Sts. Peter and Paul was also to deliver an address, but before the ceremony the priest made a public denunciation of the Jews, and invitations to both speakers were cancelled.” (As reported by “Cyber Angel”)


    1907: The University of Tennessee football team coached by Izzy Levene defeated Mississippi A&M today by a score of 11 to 4.


    1907: Oklahoma was established as the 46th state in the Union. In 1890 the estimated Jewish population of Oklahoma Territory was one hundred and at statehood about one thousand. In Oklahoma City the time lag between the founding of the mostly German Reform congregation B'nai Israel and the mainly Eastern European Orthodox Emanuel Synagogue was only one year (1903 and 1904). By the time Oklahoma was granted statehood, the Jewish population had grown from an estimated 100 living in the territory in 1890, to around a thousand. Signs of the establishment of Jewish communities, as opposed to just individual Jewish settlers, could be seen even before statehood was granted. In Oklahoma City, Temple B’nai Israel was formed in 1903 by the Orthodox Emanuel Synagogue in 1904. In Muskogee, Temple Beth Ahabah, was formed in 1905. In the same year that statehood was granted, the 100 or so Jews who had settled in Ardmore formed a Reform congregation called Temple Emeth. Today, the small but vibrant Jewish community is centered primarily in Tulsa and Oklahoma City.


    1909: Turkey bans all non-Muslims from holding political meetings in houses of worship.


    1909: Alma Gluck first appeared on stage with the Metropolitan Opera in the role of Sophie in Massenet's Werther. (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archives)


    1910: Birthdate of Superior, Wisconsin native Morrie “Morris” Arnonvich, nicknamed “Snooker, the life-time observer of Kashrut who was an all-star basketball player for Superior State Teachers Colleges before going on to a major league baseball career that was interrupted by a four-year wartime stint in the U.S. Army.


    1912(6thof Kislev, 5673): Parashat Vayishlach


    1912: Rabbi Joseph Stolz is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Caring for the Orphan” in honor of the dedication of the Marks Nathan Orphan’s Home during Shabbat morning services at the Isaiah Temple in Chicago.


    1912: Joseph Wohl and his wife gave birth to Bertha Rachel Friedman, the sister of Sam Wohl.


    1912: It was reported today that “of the 20,356 Jewish immigrants who arrived at” the port of New York “during the last three months, some seven hundred came from the Balkan peninsula.”


    1912: “An Epoch-Making Book” published today provided Harold Berman’s review of “a novel treating the Jewish question written by M.A. Goldschmidt, the celebrated Jewo-Danish novelist which has recently been issued in a German translation.”


    1914: The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens. In 1930, Eugene Meyer was the first Jew appointed to serve as the Chairman of the Fed.  Two more Jews have served as Chairman of the Fed.  Alan Greenspan was appointed in 1978.  When he retired, Ben Bernake was appointed in 2006


    1914: In Germany, a small group of intellectuals whose leaders included Albert Einstein appeals for “the prompt achievement of a just peace without annexations and for the establishment of an international organization that would have as its aim the prevention of future wars.”


    1915(9th of Kislev, 5676): Sixty-six year old Raphael Meldola, the Anglo-Jewish chemist who invented Mendola Blue Dye, passed away.


    1915: Solomon Weiner and Gertrude Talesknic gave birth to Albert Weiner, the husband of Sylvia Cooper.


    1915: The Fourteenth Convention of the Federation of Zionist Societies of Canada ended today with “the singing of Hatikvah and God Save the King


    1916: A Reuter’s dispatch from Amsterdam received in London says: “A Warsaw telegram announces that an edict has been published recognizing Judaism as a religion in public law.”


    1917(1st of Kislev, 5678): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1917: Premiere of “When Four Do the Same” a “German silent comedy drama directed by Ernst Lubitsch” who also co-authored the script and appeared in the film.


    1917: New Zealand cavalrymen entered Jaffa; next stop – Jerusalem


    1917: During World War I, British forces under General Allenby entered Tel Aviv. In less than a month, the British Army, including Jewish contingents would liberate Jerusalem.


    1917: In Ekaterinoslav, the militia finally restores order after anti-Semitic rioters looted Jewish shops.


    1917: It was reported today that The Joint Distribution Committee has collected two thirds of the $10,000,000 it plans on collecting by December including $1,000,000 that was contributed by Julius Rosenwald.


    1917: In Warsaw, “Bundist delegates on the Municipal Council demand that Jewish elementary schools applying for municipal subsidy omit Jewish religious education and study of Hebrew from the curriculum.”


    1918: In the chaos that followed the end of World War I, Hungary declared its independence from Austria which Theodore Von Karman to leave the country and ultimately settle in the United States where he became known as “The Father of Supersonic Flight.”




    1918: Isaac C. Hirsch, of Company E of the 306th Infantry was cited today for showing “great heroism, determination and courage” when acting as a stretcher bearer on August 27 he carried the wounded to safety “in an area which was swept by shell, machine gun and rifle fire.”



    1918: Private Bernard Teitelbaum who was temporarily attached to the Third and Fourth Platoons, Company D, 306th Infantry was cited today for showing “extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty” when he gave first aide “to five wounded men” while under heavy fire from shrapnel and “high explosives” “until he was himself hit by shrapnel and severely wounded.”



    1918: Over seven thousand dollars was collected at the Central Synagogue for the United War Work Campaign after an appeal by Dr. Nathan Krass.



    1918: Today, Major Solomon Lowenstein “who was with the Palestinian Commission headed by Dr. Finley urged the need of large reconstruction work Palestine and told how utterly helpless large sections of the Jews in the Holy Land were.”



    1920: In Dresden, Germany, writer and actress Salka Viertel and the writer Berthold Viertel gave birth to” Peter Viertel who moved to the United States with his parents in 1928 where he grew up with his Hans and Thomas, graduated from Dartmouth, served with the U.S. Marines and the O.S.S. during WW II before pursuing a career as an author and screenwriter. (As reported by Douglas Martin)



     


    1920: Joseph G. Shapiro of Shelton, CT was appointed judge of the City Court today.


    1920: A fund raising drive sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of Louisville, KY is scheduled to begin today.


    1920: Dr. Judah L. Magnes and Dr. Joseph Silverman, the rabbi of Temple Emanu-El officiated at the funeral of Jacob Wertheim after which he was buried at the Mount Hope Cemetery in Westchester, NY.


     


    1921: Birthdate of Ben Weisman an American composer and pianist best known for having written many of the songs associated with Elvis Presley. A native of Providence, Ben Weisman was one of Elvis Presley's chief songwriters throughout the 1960s. He co-composed for Elvis' movies and stage performances nearly sixty songs that proceeded to go gold or platinum, including "First in Line", "Got a Lot of Living to Do", "Follow That Dream" and "Wooden Heart". Weisman also wrote songs recorded by Barbra Streisand ("Love in the Afternoon"), The Beatles ("Lend Me Your Comb"), Johnny Mathis ("When I Am with You"), Terry Stafford ("I'll Touch A Star"), Bobby Vee ("The Night Has A Thousand Eyes") and many others. Since Weisman's outward appearance was atypical for a "rock 'roll guy", Elvis' pet nickname for him was "the mad professor". Just before Weisman's last meeting with Elvis in 1976, Elvis proudly announced to the crowd that he had recorded more of Weisman's songs than those of any other songwriter. Weisman's most recent musical score was for the 1995 movie Crossroads at Laredo: The Lost Film of Edward D. Wood Jr.



    1922(25th of Cheshvan, 5683): Forty-seven year old German physicist Max Abraham passed away today in Munich.


    1922: Birthdate of Manhattan native George Neumann Spitz who played a leading role in turning the New York City Marathon from a race to a “cultural happening” (As reported by Sam Roberts)



    1924(19thof Cheshvan, 5685): Fifty-eight year German born American journalist Gustav J. Karger , the husband of Rachel Levison who was also a “member of the Republican State Central Committee in Ohio, passed away today.



    1924: This afternoon, five thousand persons tried to get into the auditorium of the National Hebrew School in New York to attend the funeral services for Dr. Menachem Mendel Scheinkin, the noted Zionist leader who was killed in a street car accident while visiting Chicago, Illinois


    1924: In Kansas City, Goodman Ace (born Asa Goodman) and Jane Sherwood (born Jane Epstein) were married – a union that their fans came to know as the witty Easy Aces.


    1924: Birthdate of Haim Brotzlewsky in Vienna who made Aliyah to Palestine in 1939 where he gained fame as Haim Bar-Lev, the IDF’s Chief of General Staff from 1968 through 1971.


    1926: Birthdate of Herbert “Herb” Krautblatt,, the only basketball player at Rider University who played for an NBA team – in this case the Baltimore Bullets for one season.


    1927: In Brooklyn, “businessman Morris Gimbel and Lottie Gimbel” gave birth to lyricist Norman Gimbel who gave us such memorable music "The Girl from Ipanema" and "Killing Me Softly with His Song"


    1928: A resolution adopted by the Synagogue Council of America which “profoundly deplored the interference with Jewish worship took place at…the Wailing Wall…on the Day of Atonement” was made public today.


    1928(3rdof Kislev, 5689): Sixty-two year old Gustav Cohn, the “son of Levi and Eva Regina Cohn” and the husband of Paula Cohn passed away today in “Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.”


    1929: In Coburg, German, Julius and Katy Wertheimer gave birth to photographer Alfred Wertheimer “who for a few fleeting days in 1956 captured strikingly intimate images of a 21-year-old Elvis Presley just as he was becoming a rock ’n’ roll sensation…”  (As reported by William Yardley)



    1931: “The House of Connelly” starring Stella Adler, J. Edward Bromberg and Clifford Odets which was staged by Lee Strasberg opened at the Mansfield Theatre after having closed at the Martin Beck Theatre.


    1933: The United States recognizes the government of the Soviet Union. Maxim Livtvinov, the Soviet Foreign Ministers led the effort that resulted in this major foreign policy shift, Born Max Wallach, Litvinov was one of many Jews who played a leadership role in the Bolshevik movement and the government of the Soviet Union. Litvinov saw the opening of relations with the United States as a key in the fight against fascism. Litvinov would lose his job in the late 1930’s when the Soviets negotiated a non-Aggression Pact with Nazi Germany. At that point, Stalin was prepared to do anything to ingratiate himself with Hitler.


    1933: “Little Women,” a screen version of the novel by the same name, directed by George Cukor with music by Max Steiner was released today in the United States.


    1934: “The White Parade” an Academy Award nominated film produced by Jesse Lasky with a script by Jesse Lasky, Jr and Sonya Levien was released in the United States today.


    1934: Designer George Salter, whose father had converted but who now found himself “Jewish” according to the Nazis arrived in New York thanks in no small part to an affidavit that had been submitted on his behalf by his brother Stefan who had come to the United States in 1928.


    1935: The University of California football team led by Guard Robert Gilbert defeated the University of Pacific today.


    1935: “Jumbo, a musical produced by Billy Rose, with music and lyrics by Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart and a book co-authored by Ben Hecht” opened on Broadway at the Hippodrome Theatre today.


    1936: ”The Violet of Potsdamer Platz” produced by Lothar Clark a German Jew who had taken refuge from the Nazis in Denmark only to be one of those fortunate “Danish” Jews who found a final refuge in Sweden.


    1936: During a discussion today “regarding enforcement of the Nuremberg decrees of 1935 against Jewish relations with non-Jewish woman, State Secretary Heydrich “stated that the number of prosecution on this charge was steadily increasing.”


    1936: In Jerusalem, a rabbi and his wife gave birth Isaac “Ike” Berger the weightlifter who gold and silver medals for the United States at the 1960 and 1964 Olympics.


    1937: Rabbi Jonah B Wise of the Central Synagogue officiated at the funeral of businessman John David who had passed away two days ago and was buried at Mount Hope Cemetery in Westchester.



    1937: Birthdate of Doris Bonfield who will be interred in the Agudas Achim Cemetery in Iowa City.


    1937: Pierre Crabites, a Law School Professor at L.S.U. and for 25 years the American Representative on the Mixed International Tribunal at Cairo of which he became the chief judge wrote a letter to the New York Times in which he advocated that the Haz Anim El Husseini, the Grand Mufti be allowed to return from his self-imposed exile from Palestine without having to fear arrest for the role he allegedly has played in the wave of Arab violence. In the letter, Crabites states his belief that the Grand Mufti is a key player in any attempt to bring to peace to Palestine while appearing to support limitations on the settlement of Jews in Eretz Israel.


    1938: The fifth annual “Night of the Stars” which is seeking to raise $100,000 as an emergency fund for the settlement of oppressed Jews in Palestine” is scheduled to take place tonight at Madison Square Garden.


    1938: Following a conference between Mayor La Guardia and Police Commissioner Valentine “a special squad was created today to protect German officials and German property” which it turned was “to be manned by Jews.”


    1938: Birthdate of American philosopher Professor Robert Nozick. When he passed away in, he was described as “ the greatest American philosopher since William James; his influence extended far beyond the academic world, most famously with his powerful critique of the Left-liberal moral philosophy that underpinned the welfare state.


    1938: Radio Stations WJZ and WABC broadcast the “Catholic Protest Against Nazi Persecution of Jews” featuring several Church leaders and former Governor Alfred E. Smith” from 9:00 to 9:30 p.m.


    1939: At Lodz, the Nazis ordered all Jews to wear a Star of David


    1939(4th of Kislev): Rabbi Baruch Ber Leibowitz, Rosh Yeshiva of the Kamenetz Yeshiva, passed away


    1940: The Warsaw ghetto was permanently closed. Officially Jews no longer had access to anything, or business, outside of the ghetto.


    1940: Leon Blum “was transferred to the Château de Bourrassol in the Massif Central near Riom, where he was to be tried.”


    1940: “South of Suez,” a murder mystery co-starring George Tobias was released in the United States by Warner Bros.


    1942: Leopold Pick was transported from Tabor to Terezin


    1942: Today, during the darkest days of World War II, a proclamation was published  over the signatures of 1,521 outstanding Americans, declaring the moral right of the stateless Jews of Europe and of the Jews of Palestine "to fight -- as they ask to fight -- under the ancient banner of David the King, as the Jewish Army…They renewed the appeal that has been made ineffectively in the last eighteen months against Arab opposition for he separate arming of 200,00 Jews or more in the Middle East.”  The declaration read, in part “The first victims of Hitler’s aggression cannot conceive democracy denying to them participation…in this crusade against barbarism.”


    1943: In Manhattan, Edith Hillman Boxill and Dr. Nathan Epstein gave birth to Dr. Paul Epstein, “a public health expert who was among the first to warn of a link between the spread of infectious disease and extreme weather events, adding a new dimension to research into the potential impact of global climate change” (As reported by Paul Vitello)


    1943: Ill Jewish slave laborers at the Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland, ammunition factory, who are lured from their barracks by Ukrainian guards and SS men promising soup, are gunned down or loaded onto trucks and taken to an execution site elsewhere in the camp. The Ukrainians killed all those they thought were too weak to continue working.


    1943: In an example of the law of unintended consequences a planned attempt to assassinate Hitler by a group known as the “Black Band” did not take place today because of the impact of an Allied air attack,


    1943: British forces carried out a search at for arms at Ramat Hakovesh. When members of the kibbutz resisted, the situation erupted in violence. The British killed one kibbutznik wounded 35 others and arrested an additional 35 Jews.


    1945: Premiere of “The Lost Weekend” the film about an alcoholic directed by Billy Wilder.


    1945: A delegation representing the American League for Free Palestine, a Zionist organization, took off from New York today bound for a meeting of the UN in London.


    1945: Yeshiva University came into existence (as a university), making it the first American university under Jewish auspices.


    1946: “The Chase,” a film noir produced by Seymour Nebenzal, with a screenplay by Phillip Yordan and music by Michel Michelet was released in the United States toay.


    1946: At the Music Box Theatre, the curtain comes down on the final performance of “A Flag Is Born.”


    1947: Speaking today on her “World Security Workshop Program” broadcast by ABC, “Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt said today the United States’ support of the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states ‘is fair and correct as you look back on history.’”


    1947: The British seized the SS Kadima, one of several ships filled with Jews that tried to run the British blockade of Palestine.  The ship, which was equipped to carry 400 passengers, left Italy filled with 800 Jews desperate to get out of the European DP camps.  The British took control of the ship at Haifa and deported the Jews to the camps at Cyprus where they remained for a year and three months. Mira (Miriam) Shefer was one of the passengers on the ship.  She met her future husband Efriam while on Cyprus.


    1948: The Arabs continue to insist on not recognizing Israel.


    1948:The UN Security Council demands that Israel and Egypt negotiate Negev armistice directly or through UN mediator Ralph Bunche. This demand does not alter previous order calling for demilitarization of Negev.


    1948(14th of Cheshvan, 5709): Former California Congresswomen Florence Prag Kahn passed away in San Francisco. Elected as a Republican to the Sixty-ninth Congress, by special election, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, United States Representative-elect Julius Kahn, and reelected to the five succeeding Congresses (February 17, 1925-January 3, 1937), she was unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Seventy-fifth Congress in 1936.


    1950: The last of the 500 sets of the The Survivors' Talmud (also known as the U.S. Army Talmud) was an edition of the Talmud published in the U.S. Zone of Allied-occupied Germany on behalf of Holocaust survivors housed in displaced persons (DP) camps” were printed today.


    1952: Eighty-four year old Charles Maurras the French leader whose anti-Semitism stretched from Dreyfus to Leon Blum to supporting Vichy passed away today.


    1954: “There’s No Place Like Home for the Holidays” a popular song played incessantly in the United States from Thanksgiving to Christmas with lyrics by Al Stillman was recorded today.


    1954: “Désirée,” a biopic directed by Henry Kostler with a script by Daniel Taradash was released in San Francisco today. (Editor’s note:  Where else but in the United States would you find two Jews making a moving about the love affair of a French emperor?)


    1955(1st of Kislev, 5716): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1958: Birthdate of actress Marg Helgenberger, the Catholic wife of the Jewish actor Alan Rosenberg who was President of the Screen Actors’ Guild. Helgenberger is credited with the following quip: “I'm Catholic, he's Jewish, and it was just easier to elope.”


    1959: David Susskind produced “The Waltz of the Toreadors” on “The Play of the Week.”


    1959: The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical ''The Sound of Music'' opened on Broadway. Two Jewish writers created a Broadway (and later cinematic) box office hit about a failed Catholic Nun who married an Austrian nobleman and then escaped the Nazis. Theodore Bikel played the lead role as Baron von Trapp. Many of you remember Bikel for his portrayal of Tevya in “Fiddler on the Roof” and for his numerous recordings of a wide variety of folk music including authentic melodies from Russia and Israel. Bikel was born in Vienna. His family moved to Palestine in the 1930’s to escape the rising tide of European anti-Semitism. So his portrayal of von Trapp struck a responsive personal chord. And all of the action in the played happened while everybody was singing a raft of very memorable tunes. Only in America!


    1961: “Summer and Smoke” a film adaptation of the play by the same name produced by Hal Wallis, starring Laurence Harvey with music by Elmer Bernstein was released in the United States today.


    1967: Two days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to held for seventy-two year old Lemberg, Austria, native, Harry Salpeter, “an art deal and critic” and the husband of Betty Berkowitz  followed by “burial at Mount Hebron Cemetery.




    1965(21stof Cheshvan, 5726): Fifty-year old chess master Albert Charles Simonson who “was part of the American team which won the gold medals at the 1933 Chess Olympiad” passed away today.



    1968: “The Legend of Lylah Clare” featuring Milton Selzer as “Bart Langer” was released in the United States today by MGM.


    1969: The New York Times features a review of the novel, “Phoenix Over the Galilee” by Ka-tzetnik 134633; translated from the Hebrew by Nina de-Nur. “Ka-tzetnik was the slang used to designate a prisoner in a Nazi death camp.  Ka-tzetnik 135633 was an inmate of Auschwitz.” (As reported by John Reed)



    1970: At a board meeting of Congregation Shaar Hashomayim of Montreal Dr. Solomon reported on meeting with Lazarus Phillips and Jack Shacter as the congregation grappled with a financial shortfall.


    1972: “Applause,” a musical with a book by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and a score by Charles Strouse opened in the West End at Her Majesty's Theatre today and ran for 382 performances with Lauren Bacall in the lead role.


    1972: Today “some 200 members of the Israeli Labor Party” broke up the annual general meeting of the International League for Human Right which led to the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights being suspended from the organization in 1973.


    1972: “I and Albert” a musical based on the lives of Victoria and Albert by Charles Strouse “debuted in the West End at the Piccadilly Theatre” today.


    1977: U.S. premiere of Steven Spielberg’s “Close Encounters of a Third Kind” produced by Julia Phillips co-starring Richard Dreyfus.


    1977: In Manhattan, “filmmakers Stephen Gyllenhaal and Naomi Achs” gave birth to “actress and producer” Margalit Ruth "Maggie" Gyllenhaal, “the older sister of actor Jake Gyllenhaal.”


    1977: Menachem Begin met with his cabinet to discuss developments since the dramatic announcement in the Egyptian parliament the week before by President Anwar Sadat that he was to speak before the Knesset to achieve peace. General Ephraim Poran, and aide to Begin told Colonel Menachem Milson that he had been chosen to serve as aide-de-camp to Sadat should he actually make the trip to Israel.


    1977: Arnold Wesker’s “The Merchant” with Joseph Leon playing Shylock and Marian Seldes as Shylock’s sister opened at New York’s Plymouth Theatre.  Zero Mostel had originally been casted in the role but he passed away before the Broadway production opened.


    1978(16thof Cheshvan, 5739): Eighty-year old Yale and New York Medical College trained ophthalmologist Dr. Samuel L. Saltzman who fought for Israel during the 1948 War for Independence and the husband of Rose Salzman with whom he had two children – Suzanne and Jonathan – passed away today.



    1978: Jacob Landau delivered the convocation address at Colby College entitled “The State of the First Amendment.”


    1980(8thof Kislev, 5741): Eighty-two year old six-time Tony Award winning scenic designer Boris Aronson passed away today.



    1980(8thof Kislev, 5741): Sixty-seven year old Philadelphia native and Harvard and U of Pennsylvania alum Morris Pfaelzer, a WW II veteran and California lawyer passed away today.


    1982(30th of Cheshvan, 5743) Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1984(21st of Cheshvan, 5745): Seventy-nine year old Croatian Zionist Arnold Kohn, “the longtime President of the Jewish community of Osijek who was the only member of his immediate family to survive Auschwitz passed away today.


    1984(21stof Cheshvan, 5745) Sixty-six year old Washington, DC born cellist Leonard Rose passed away today. (As reported by Tim Page)



    1985: “My Beautiful Launderette” a comedy starring Daniel Day-Lewis with music by Hans Zimmer was released today in the United Kingdom.


    1988: ABC broadcast the third episode of “War and Remembrance,” “an American miniseries based on the novel of the same name written by Herman Wouk”


    1996: “Jingle All the Way” a Christmas comedy featuring Laraine Newman and Harvey Korman with music by David Newman premiered today at the Mall of America.


    1997: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including The Illustrated History of the Jewish People, edited by Nicholas de Lange and A Director Calls by Wendy Lesser


    1999: Martin Indyk was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Israel.


    1999: Premiere of “End of Days” directed by Peter Hyams who also served as the cinematographer.


    1999: The meeting of the General Assembly Of United Jewish Communities opens today in Atlanta, GA.


    2000: It was reported today that during Senator-elect Hillary Clinton’s visit to the Knesset she could hear Palestinian gunman firing into the Jerusalem neighborhood of Gilonow.



    2001: Ronald Lauder opened the Neue Galerie in New York, an art museum a few blocks away from the Metropolitan Museum, dedicated to art from Germany and Austria from the early 20th century.


    2003: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest including Desire and Delusion: Three Novellas by Arthur Schnitzler, selected and translated by Margret Schaefer


    2004: Publication of Robert J. Avrech’s The Hebrew Kid and The Apache Maiden, a paperback novel that tells the story of  Ariel Isaacson, who having migrated westward with his family following the Civil War, is determined to have his Bar Mitzvah, while he also forms a deep friendship with Lozen, an Apache warrior girl.


    2005: The Geffen Playhouse, “which was named for donor David Geffen” re-opened today in Los Angeles.


    2005: The Jerusalem Post reported that “in a move meant to pave the way for its entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), Saudi Arabia cancelled its economic embargo against Israel. Israel is a member of the WTO. Under the bylaws of the WTO charter, no member nation may impose an economic embargo on another member state. As a member of the Arab League, Saudi Arabia participated in a joint embargo on Israel for many years, despite its desire to enter the organization. During 12 years of negotiations with the WTO, the Arab nation had refused to lift its embargo against Israel.” The Director General of the WTO described Saudi Arabia’s decision as being an historic event that will pave the way for Saudi entrance into the trade organization next month.


    2005: In “A shy wunderkind, Stephen Feinberg” Eytan Avriel described the business workings of the CEO of Cerberus.



    2006: Nathan Cooper auditions for Chair Placement at the 60th annual All-State Music Festival Nathan Cooper of Cedar Rapids Jefferson and a stalwart member of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community, is one of a thousand outstanding high school musicians who have been chosen to participate in this major cultural event at Iowa State University


    2006: Ross Posnock appeared at the Columbia University Bookstore for a discussion and signing of his new book, Philip Roth's Rude Truth: The Art of Immaturity


    2006: British religious and architectural charities appealed for help saving the country’s struggling synagogues as they marked the 350th anniversary of the resettlement of Jews in England after they were expelled by King Edward I.


    2006(25th of Cheshvan, 5767): Nobel Prize winning economist Milton Friedman passed away at the age of 94.(As reported by Holcomb Noble)




    2006: National Jewish Book Month begins.


    2007(6th of Kislev, 5768): Ninety-six year oldVictor Rabinowitz, “a leftist lawyer whose causes and clients over nearly three-quarters of a century ranged from labor unions to Black Panthers to Cuba to Dashiell Hammett to Dr. Benjamin Spock to his own daughter” passed away today.(As reported by Douglas Martin)



    2007: Guest Conductor Roni Porat leads the Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra an all-Mozart program, including Abduction from the Seraglio Overture, Symphony No. 35 in D Major (Haffner), Serenade no. 6 in D Major and Serenata Notturna.


    2007: After premiering at the Telluride Film Festival, “Margot at the Wedding” written and directed by Noah Baumbach and co-starring Jennifer Jason Leigh and Jack Black was released today in the United States.


    2007: Adi Shamir, a professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and one of the world’s most prominent cryptographers issued a warning about a hypothetical scenario in which a math error in a widely used computing chip places the security of the global electronic commerce system at risk.


    2007(16th of Kislev, 5768): Maine native Harold Alfond, philanthropist and Dexter Shoe founder passes away at the age of 93.


    2007: It is time for another round of Dueling Jewish Economists. While on a trip to London, Joseph Stiglitz, a Nobel Prize-winning economist said the U.S. economy risks tumbling into recession because of the “mess” left by former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan. Greenspan defended his record and said that Stiglitz’s criticisms are “inaccurate or incomplete.”


    2007: The Ukraine’s Ministry of Foreign affairs announced that Reb Nachman’s grave in Uman is a cultural site and cannot be sold. The announcement provides comfort to the followers of Breslov Chasidism that the grave site would sold to private parties for commercial exploitation.


    2008: Today’s issue of Makor Rishon contains Ya'akov Bar-On's interview with former Chief Rabbi Israel Meir Lau who recently became Chairman of the Board of Yad Vashem.


    2008: The Jewish Reconstructionist (JRF) Biennial Convention comes to a close in Boston, Mass.


    2008: Final performance by the Inbal Dance Company of “Shaker.” This collaboration between Inbal Pinto and Avshalam Pollak looks and feels like an eerily beautiful winter day. It is a dance-theater piece rich in poetic imagination, interspersed with unique humor and covered with snowflakes. This magical work is intended to make you feel as though you have entered the enchanted world inside a snow globe.


    2008: The 32nd annual Philadelphia Museum of Art Craft Show which featured 23 Israeli artists comes to an end.


    2008: Congregation Beth Judea’s Family Education Weekend comes to a close in Long Grove, Il.


    2008: In Chicago, the Spertus presents a lecture entitled “What Is Literary Archaeology?”


    during which Yair Zakovitch, Professor of Bible at the Hebrew University, discusses “how biblical narratives are designed to deliver messages” and explores “how these accounts may reflect only one version of a complex and multifaceted story.” Zakovitch’s most recent book is entitled That’s Not What the Good Book Says written with Avigdor Shinan.


    2008: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics concerning Jews or Judaism including Friendly Fire: A Duet by A. B. Yehoshua; translated by Stuart Schoffman and Chagall: A Biography by Jackie Wullschlager.


    2008(18thof Cheshvan, 5769): The emotional legal battle over whether to keep a 12-year-old New York boy on life support at Children's National Medical Center ended early today after the boy's heart stopped beating, a lawyer for the boy's family said today. Motl Brody, who had been hospitalized in Northwest Washington with brain cancer since June 1, was buried near his Brooklyn home today after a private funeral, said the family's lawyer, Jeffrey I. Zuckerman. Doctors had declared the boy legally dead Nov. 4 after his brain activity ceased. But his parents, who are Orthodox Jews, said their faith does not define death on that basis and had sought an order from D.C. Superior Court to keep him on life-sustaining equipment. Although the boy was kept on a ventilator to maintain his breathing and was given intravenous drugs to keep up his blood pressure, pending a court decision, neither measure proved enough to keep his heart beating."In the end, nature took its course before the judicial system ran its course," Zuckerman said. The Brody family's case echoed highly publicized debates over life support for Terri Schiavo and Karen Ann Quinlan, and the hospital received nearly 200 emails and phone calls within the past week, mostly from New York residents urging officials to keep him alive.


    2008: Ami Ayalon announced he would be leaving the Labor Party for the left-wing religious Meimad party


    2009: Columbia University's Institute for Israel & Jewish Studies and American Studies Program together with The Library of America present an evening with Meir Shalev Israeli Novelist, Essayist and Columnist who will discuss “The State of Israeli Literature.”


    2009: Letters of Conscience: Raphael Lemkin and the Quest to End Genocide opens at Yeshiva University Museum. “This exhibition focuses on the activities and legacy of Raphael Lemkin, a Polish-American Jewish lawyer who coined the term genocide, working relentlessly and inventively to protect the rights and survival of specific groups targeted for destruction. Organized jointly with the American Jewish Historical Society and the Center for Jewish History, this exhibition, which presents a fascinating array of original correspondence and documents, serves as a stirring and important reminder of an individual's ability to better humanity and the future.”


    2009: Noralee Frankel discusses and signs Stripping Gypsy: The Life of Gypsy Rose Lee at Busboys and Poets in Washington, D.C.


    2009: Journalist Ariel Sabar discusses and signs his memoir, My Father's Paradise: A Son's Search for His Jewish Past in Kurdish Iraq as part of the Schapiro Lecture Series held at the Enoch Pratt Free Library, Central Branch, Baltimore, Md.,


    2009: After the revival of his play “Brighton Beach Memoirs” closed a week after it opened, Time magazine quotes Neil Simon as saying “After all these years, I still don’t get how Broadway Works.”


    2009(29th of Cheshvan, 5770): Sixty-eight year old “Bobby Frankel, one of the most successful American thoroughbred trainers of the last 40 years, whose horses included the champions Bertrando, Ghostzapper and Empire Maker, the winner of the 2003 Belmont Stakes, died today. (As reported by William Grimes)



    2009: Excerpts of the diaries kept by Claretta petacci, Benito Mussolini's mistress, were published today that showed the Italian dictator to be "a fierce anti-Semite who proudly said that his hatred for Jews preceded Adolf Hitler's and vowed to 'destroy them all.'"


    2010: Dr. Laurie Ann Levin author of God, The Universe: Where I Fit and Rebecca Rosen author of Spirited are scheduled to speak at the 19th Annual Book Festival of the MJCAA in Atlanta, GA


    2010: The New York Times featured a review of Cynthia Ozick sixth novel, Foreign Bodies.


    2010(9thof Kislev, 5771): Ronni Chasen was murdered today.  Born in 1946 she was called "Hollywood's ultimate old-school publicist"by Los Angeles Times film critic Patrick Goldstein in an article posted about Ms. Chasen's murder.


    2010: Montclair philanthropist Josh Weston was named an honorary fellow of the Academic College of Tel Aviv-Yafo as part of today’s ceremony dedicating the institution’s Josh and Judy Weston School of Management and Economics Building.


    2011: Martin Fletcher, author of “The List” and David Javerbaum, author of “The Last Testament” are scheduled to appear at the St. Louis Jewish Book Festival.


    2011: David Amram was inducted into the Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame and given their Jay McShann Lifetime Achievement Award for his sixty year career as one of the first jazz French hornists, a multi-instrumentalist, a pioneer of world music, a scat singer, the creator with author Jack Kerouac of Jazz Poetry in 1957, and one of the first conductors to bring the worlds of jazz and classical music together during the past fifty years.


    2011: “Max Schmeling,” a film about the German boxer that includes tales of how he worked to save Jews, is scheduled to be shown at the Jewish Eye World Jewish Film Festival.


    2011: The meeting of the Jewish Agency for Israel’s Board of Governors is scheduled to come to an end in Argentina.


    2011:Joshua Maroof  the rabbi at Magen David Sephardic Congregation in Rockville, Maryland is scheduled to  give the first in a series of lectures entitled “Ezekiel: Prophet of Majesty, Mystery, and Hope.”


    2011:A trio featuring Liza Stepanova – piano; Michael Katz – cello; Balazs Rumy – Clarinet is scheduled to perform this evening at Agudas Achim in Iowa City, Iowa.


    2011:Iran today denied press speculation that Israel was behind the explosion at a military base near Tehran which killed 17 members of the Revolutionary Guards (IRGC).


    2011:Thousands of aging Holocaust survivors in the U.S. ¬want Congress to clear a path for them to sue European insurance companies they contend illegally confiscated Jewish life insurance policies during the Nazi era and have refused to pay an estimated $20 billion still owed.


    2011: For the fourth time in the past month, Israeli Ambassador to the United Nations Ron Prosor wrote a letter to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon and the UN Security Council condemning the continuing rocket fire emanating from the Gaza Strip.


    2011(19th of Cheshvan, 5772): Eighty-eight year old “Irwin Schneiderman, a lawyer and a philanthropic leader who guided the New York City Opera through a decade of ups and downs” passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)



    2012: Dr. Jenny Carson of the University of Manchester is scheduled to a lecture entitled “Quaker Service: The Friends Relief Service in Post-War Europe” at the Weiner Library in London.  “Friends Relief Service (FRSO ‘Team 100’ was one of the first relief teams to enter the newly liberated “Camp of Bergen Belsen.”


     2012(2nd of Kislev): On the Hebrew calendar in ancient Israel today would be proclaimed as a fast day if the rains had not begun to fall


    2012: As Operation Pillar of Defense continues, Israeli officials have placed limitations on those who can attend services at the mosque on the Temple Mount as a pro-active measure to avoid outbreaks of violence. 


    2012: Kathe & Gary Goldstein, pillars of the Cedar Rapids Jewish Community celebrate the birth of their second grandchild, the daughter of Chava and Stephen Rosenbaum.


    2012: As Jews around the world prepare to observe Shabbat, their hopes and prayers are with their co-religionists in Israel who have been subjected to rockets attacks for several weeks by Hamas which is dedicated to the destruction of the Jewish state and have been forced to take military measures to defend themselves.


    2012: Councilors selected Michael Mark Applebaum to serve as interim Mayor of Montreal.


    2012: “An Iron Dome anti-rocket defense system” was “placed in the Dan region” today.


    2012:Two rockets landed outside of Jerusalem this evening as sirens rang out, causing no injuries or damage. Police reported there was "no indication" that rockets landed in the city, stating that "most likely, the rockets landed in an open area outside of Jerusalem."


    2012:Defense Minister Ehud Barak approved the IDF's request this evening to increase the maximum number of reservists it could enlist, seeking cabinet approval to mobilize up to 75,000 troops ahead of a possible Gaza ground operation.


    2013: In Olney, MD, Shaare Tefila is scheduled to host is annual Chanukah Celebration and Talent Show.


    2013: In Herndon, VA, Congregation Beth Emeth hosts an evening with Stacey Beyer, “one of TIME Magazine’s Top 10 Starts of New Jewish Music.


    2013: “Arabani” and “Dancing In Jaffa” are scheduled to be shown at the 7thannual Other Israel Film Festival.


    2013: Provincial governor Hilario David III visited the the hospital in Bogo where he thanked “Israel for sending the medical team to the Philippines which was hammered by Typhoon Heiyan last week.” (As reported by Tova Dvorin)


    2013: Members of the IDF met with Phillipine officials to determine the best way to get aid to the devasted resident of Cebu in the wake Typhoon Heiyan.


    2013(13thof Kislev, 5774): Ninety year old Yehiel Kadishai, a confidant and ally of Menachem Begin, passed away today.



    2013(13thof Kislev, 5774: Eighty-nine year old Louis D. Rubin, Jr. “a champion of Southern Literature” passed away today.



    2014: The New York Times features books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including William Wells Brown: An African American Life by Ezra Greenspan and the recently released paperback edition of The Kraus Project: Essays by Karl Kraus translated and annotated by Jonathan Franzen with Paul Reitter and Daniel Kehlmann.


    2014: The Skirball is scheduled to present “The People vs. Abraham” where prosecutor Eliot Spitzer will charge the patriarch defended by Alan Dershowitz with “attempted murder and child endangerment.”


    2014: In conjunction with the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “Jews and the Berlin Wall.”


    2014: Global Day of Jewish Learning, a project of the Aleph Society is scheduled to take place today.



    2014: The Beth El Women of Reform Judaism (BE-WRJ) and the Brandeis National Committee Northern Virginia Chapter are scheduled to host an afternoon with Rabbi Roger Herst author of Rabbi Gabrielle’s Scandal, Dr. Stanton Samenow author of Inside the Criminal Mind, Chervis Isom author of The Newspaper Boy, Leslie Maitland author of Crossing the Borders of Timeand Beyhan Cargi author of The Ottoman Turk and the Pretty Jewish Girl.


    2014: A thirty-two year old member of the Breslov Hassidic sect was stabbed in the back by an Arab man wielding a screw driver as he walked along a street in Jerusalem this evening.


    2014: Israel defeated Bosnia-Herzegovina 3-0 tonight in the UEFA 2016 European Championship qualifying group B soccer match.


    2014(23rdof Cheshvan): Sixty-two year old Charley J. Levine, founder and CEO of Lone Star Communications who traded in the Lone Star State for living under the Star of David  passed away today.



    2015(4t of Kislev, 5776): Eight-eight year old Seymour Lipkin, whose breakthrough came when at the age of 20, “he won first prize in the Rachmaninoff Fund Piano Contest” passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    2015: “Labyrinth of Lies” and “To Life!” are scheduled to be shown in Sydney during the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2015: “Director Steven Spielberg, Israeli violinist Itzhak Perlman, singer Barbra Streisand, and playwright Stephen Sondheim were among the 17 recipients of the 2015 Presidential Medal of Freedom announced” today.


    2015: “HAGIGA – The Story of Israeli Cinema” is scheduled to be shown in Los Angeles at the 29th Israel Film Festival.


    2015: “Poland’s last Yiddish feature film, Our Children” is scheduled to be shown today as part of the program “First Response: Postwar Cinema and the Holocaust”


    2016: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present “Out of the Ghetto: Struggle, Resistance, and the Human Spirit, The Ringelblum Archive Publication Project” during which “historian Eleonora Bergman(Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw) will discuss the monumental project to publish the entire Oyneg-Shabes Archive, secretly gathered in the Warsaw Ghetto by Emanuel Ringelblum and colleagues.”


    2016: The Temple Emanu-El Skirball Center is scheduled to “what Is Israel’s Story Really About?” – a conversation with Dr. Daniel Gordis and Jonathan Greenblatt.


    2016” Curator Bonni-Dara Michaels is scheduled to lead a tour Yeshiva University Museum’s newest exhibition – “Uncommon Threads: Clothing and Textiles.”


    2016: Historic Congregation Or VeShalom is the scheduled destination for today’s Historic Jewish Atlanta Tours.


    2016: “A delegation led by US Air Force Gen. Joseph Lengyel, chief of the National Guard Bureau, is in Israel through this evening to witness latest local developments in emergency responsiveness.


    2016: “The world’s earliest-know complete stone inscription of the Ten Commandments, described as a ‘national treasure’ of Israel sold at auction today in Beverly Hills for $850,000.”


    2016: Leonard Cohen’s manager, Robert B. Kory “offered more details about his client’s death today saying that he “died during this sleep following a fall in the middle of the night on November 7” and that “the death was sudden, unexpected and peaceful.”


    2016: “The Diary of Anne Frank” and “Fever At Dawn” are scheduled to be shown at Melbourne as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2016: Neshama Carlbach is scheduled to host a concert in commemoration of the 22nd Yahrzeit of her Father, Reb Shlomo Carlebach, ZT”L featuring the singing of Abbie Strauss.


    2017: “When a delegation of Reform movement leaders tried to hold a Torah-reading service” at Jerusalem’s Western Wall, “Rabbi Rick Jacobs, president of the Union for Reform Judaism was roughed up by security guard, one of whom threated to spray him with mace” and “Anat Hoffman, chairwoman of Women of the Wall, the feminist prayer group, was accosted by an ultra-Orthodox man, who tried to pull a Torah scroll out of her hands” “while “Rabbi Gilad Kariv, executive director of the Reform movement in Israel, was detained for questioning by police…” (As reported by Forwards and Haaretz)


    2017: “Leeann Tweeden, a Los Angeles-based news anchor and former model, wrote today in an article that Al Franken, a Democrat who has served as a senator for Minnesota since 2009, groped her during a tour in the Middle East in 2006 when Franken was a comedian and a writer


    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host an “in-depth text-based Gemara learning” session today “before the weekday meal.”


    2017: Ashe Salah is scheduled to lecture on the 18th century travels of two Jews who left the Roman Ghetto – Amadio Abbina and Sabato Isacco Ambron at the Center for Jewish History.


    2017: “Remember Baghdad” and “My Mother’s Lost Children” are scheduled to be shown at the 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival today.


    2017: After the resounding success of last season’s concerts, St. Luke’s Chamber Ensemble is scheduled to come back to Temple Emanu-El in New York this evening.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate the lives of Jewish authors such as Chaim Potok, whose works included The Chosen and My Name is Asher Lev,  and Jewish books for the next thirty days is scheduled to continue for a fifth day.


    2018: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host a Shabbat Dinner following Kabbalat Shabbat services.


    2018: In Des Moines, IA, author Dori Weinstein is scheduled to deliver “the dvar Torah about being an author at Tirfereth Israel” followed by a community dinner.


    2018: The Gershman Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host a screening of “The Waldheim Waltz.”


     


     


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    November 17



    9CE:  Birthdate of Titus Flavius Vespasianus, better known as Vespasian, who as a Roman General and then Emperor put down the Judean Revolt which included the destruction of the Second Temple.



    284: Diocletian is proclaimed emperor by his soldiers. “According to Jewish tradition, in his youth Diocletian had been a swineherd and when he went past the Beis Midrash the children would beat him.” After he became Emperor, Diocletian spent time in Tiberias where enemies of the Jewish people said they disrespectfully referred to him as ‘the swineherd.’ Angered by the charges, the emperor demanded that Jewish leaders come to Tiberias and answer for their slanderous remarks.  The rabbis conceded that they had acted badly towards Diocletian the swineherd but they had never been disrespectful towards Diocletian, the emperor.  The Emperor accepted their argument and apology.  Based on this experience the Jerusalem Talmud cautions Jews against treating any Roman disrespectfully, no matter how low his station in life, since one never knew how high he might rise. In an attempt to bring unity to the empire, Diocletian ordered all of his subjects to accept his divinity and to offer sacrifices to his cult. Fortunately, he exempted his Jewish subjects from this decree.  Diocletian’s reign was a comparatively favorable period for the Jewish people especially when one remembers the fate they would suffer in the next century at the hands of Constantine and his successors.



    331: Birthdate of Emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus. Known by some as Julian the Apostate, Julian reigned from 361 until his death in 363.  Ironically, he was the nephew of Constantine the Great, the man who made Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire. For some unknown reason, Julian repealed many of the harsh laws that had been promulgated against the Jews by his predecessors.  While Julian believed that his paganism was superior to Judaism, he felt that the Jews had suffered unnecessarily at the hands of Rome for the last four centuries and he sought to redress the imbalance.  Julian announced plans to rebuild the Temple and Jerusalem.  He ordered the local Roman officials to help with the project.  Jews returned from as far away as Persia and even built a small synagogue near the Temple Mount in anticipation of this monumental project.  Unfortunately, Julian died while on a military campaign before work could begin.  Rumor had that he had been killed by a Christian Arab in the pay of those who disliked his support of the Jews.  This brief window of hope closed and the Christian Religion joined hands with the power of the Roman state to embitter the lives of the Jews.  



    473: The future Zeno I is named associate emperor by Emperor Leo I. Leo was the Byzantine Emperor from 457 until 474. Leo was determined to wed the power of the Empire to the Christian Church. In 468 Leo issued a decree banning everyone but Christians from practicing law. Jews were persecuted with combinations of imperial decrees and church canon. Leo, in his desire to outlaw Judaism and force Christianity upon Jewish people, declared in Constitution LV (55) of the Constitutions of Leo, "Therefore We, desiring to accomplish what Our Father failed to effect, do hereby annul all the old laws enacted with reference to the Hebrews, and We order that they shall not dare to live in any other manner than in accordance with the rules established by the pure and salutary Christian Faith. And if anyone of them should be proved to, have neglected to observe the ceremonies of the Christian religion, and to have returned to his former practices, he shall pay the penalty prescribed by the law for apostates." Leo's Constitution became part of the Justinian's Civil Law. Now Jews had to pretend they were Christians and observe Christian ceremonies. The penalties that could be inflicted on Jews included loss of real estate and/or personal possessions, loss of testamentary rights, exile and, in some case, loss of life.



    1278:Edward I of England arrested all the Jews for alleged coin clipping and counterfeiting. 680 were arrested, jailed and put on trial. The judges were given prior instructions clearly biased against the Jews. Although many Christians were accused, many more (ten times as many) Jews were hanged than Christians (269 Jews and 29 Christians). Edward received 16,500 pounds from the property of the executed Jews and the fines of those charged. At that time Jews comprised 1% of the English population. 16,500 pounds was almost 10% of the exchequer's national income.
    1278: “Among the Jews arrested today were Benedict fil’ Licoricia, a prominent Jew of Winchester, and the affluent woman financier Belaset of Lincoln whose house is still standing in Steep Hill.”
    1333 Ibn Batuta, the Arab traveler, visits Jewish communities in India
    1494: Thirty-one year old Pico De Mirandola, Count Giovanni Frederico, a student of the Kabbalah and one of the first Italian nobles to collect Hebrew books and who translated the Hokamt ha-Nefesh into Latin passed away today.


    1494: Thirty-one year old Italian Renaissance philosopher Giovanni Pico della Mirandola who “was convinced that the literature of Kabbalah was the true transcript of what Moses heard at Sinai , that Christianity and Judaism were one with Kabbalah as the point of connection and that the differences between Judaism and Christianity were superficial” passed away today in Florence.


    1558: The Protestant monarch Elizabeth I assumed the throne of England following the death of her Catholic half-sister known to history as “Bloody Mary.” During her reign the Jewish community was limited to small groups of Marranos living in London and Bristol.  Jews did play a part in the realm foreign affairs. “Don Solomon Aben-Jaish, an adviser to the Sultan of Turkey established ties with Lord Burleigh, one of Elizabeth’s closest advisors.  The two men were and their two countries were drawn together by their common foe, Philip II, the Catholic King of Spain. In 1588 England faced the threat of the Spanish Armada. A Morrano, Dr. Hector Nunes provided the English with invaluable intelligence on the progress of the Armada as it sailed north towards England.  This information enabled Drake and the other English Sea Dogs to position their ships to best advantage.  On a more negative note, Dr. Roderigo Lopez, who served as one of Elizabeth’s physicians, was accused of plotting to poison the monarch. Lopez was caught in political contest between two of Elizabeth’s advisors – The Earl of Essex and Sir Robert Cecil.  Essex provided evidence of Lopez’s guilt;   Cecil proclaimed his innocence.  Given the tenor of the times, and the numerous plots on her life, Elizabeth had the unfortunate doctor executed.  His ordeal provided the impetus for Christopher Marlowe’s The Jew of Maltaand William Shakespeare’s TheMerchant of Venice featuring the famous Shylock.
    1720(10th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Jehiel Michel Teimer, author of Seder Gittin passed away today
    1755: Birthdate of King Louis XVIII of France. Following the defeat of Napoleon, Louis was restored as the Bourbon King of France.  As such, he is seen as a figure of reaction seeking to undo the legacy of the French Revolution, including the rights gained by the Jews of France.  The facts speak otherwise.  As Napoleon became more and more an Emperor and less and less of a Republican he chipped away at the rights of the Jews.  Under the Infamous Decrees of 1808, Napoleon placed severe restrictions on Jewish businessmen.  These decrees remained in effect until 1818, when the restored Louis refused to renew them.


    1757: Bishop Dembowski's violent death that led to a reversal of fortune in conflict between the Frankist and Talmudists in Poland.  Persecution of the Talmudists immediately came to an end. The Frankist found themselves declared outlaws subject to persecution and imprisonment.  


    1800: In Paris,Beer Léon Fould, a successful Jewish banker, and his wife gave birth to Achille Fould, French financier and statesmen who was a close advisor to Louis Napoleon and the grandson of wine merchant Jacob Bernard Fould.


    1805: The wife of Ephraim Mosely, with whom she had three children, was buried today in the UK.


    1814: One day after he had passed away, 57 year old Lyon Levy was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.


    1819: Louis Samuel married Henrietta Israel at the Hambro Synagogue.


    1822: Löbl Strakosch and Julia Schwarz gave birth to their second child and second son, Israel.


    1823: Löbl Strakosch and Julia Schwarz gave birth to their third child and first daughter, Rachel


    1830: Barnett Boam married Fanny Phillips today at the Great Synagogue.


    1846: A welfare society, the Chevra Mevaker Cholim, was organized today in Montgomery, Alabama by 12 German Jewish immigrants including Emanuel *Lehman, uncle of Herbert H. *Lehman. The society conducted services, purchased a cemetery, and on June 3, 1849, with 30 members transformed itself into Congregation Kahl Montgomery. The mobility of immigrant Jews and the tentativeness of their settlement is indicated by the constitutional provision of Kahl Montgomery that "four members shall be sufficient to continue the Society, but should there be only three members, the Society shall be dissolved." The congregation is now called Temple Beth Or, and its first building, built in 1862 with seed money from Judah Touro, is the oldest synagogue building in the state. It now houses a church.


    1852: In New York City, the members of the German Hebrew Benevolent Society celebrated the organizations 9th anniversary with a dinner in the City Assembly Rooms.  From September 1, 1851 to September 1, 1852 the society had raised $2,325.50 and spent $2,148.52 in meeting the needs of the poor and the indigent.


    1853: The Five Academies comprising the Institute of France held their annual meeting today.  Among the presenters was M. Holely of the Academy of Fine Arts, composer of the "Wandering Jew" who read "an interminable discourse on Frohberger, a German organist whom no one ever heard of, and whom the writer himself acknowledged was snuffed out by Handel.


    1856: Founding of the Bradford Festival Choral Society whose conductors would include Sir Frederic Hymen Cowen


    1858: The New York Times reported that the Pope is back in Rome, “safer than ever…since he assumed the Triple Crown.”  The Pope “is disgusted with political reform but deeply interested in infant Jews.”  By infant Jews, the reporter was referring to the Morata Affair, which involved the kidnapping of a Jewish child who was secretly baptized by a maid and turned over to the Catholic Church for safe-keeping.


    1859: Birthdate of Bruno Borchardt the native of Bromberg and physicist who turned to a career in journalism after being forced to give up his teaching position because of his political beliefs.


    1862(24thof Cheshvan, 5623): Seventy-eight year old Gotthold Salomon the German Jewish rabbi who continued with the work pioneered by Moses Mendelssohn which led him to be the first Jew to translate the TaNaCh into High German.


    1869: The Suez Canal opens creating a direct water route from Europe to the Orient. The canal is controlled by the French with the Egyptians as minority stockholders British imperialists wanted control of the canal since it was the gateway to India, the pride of the Empire. In 1875 Benjamin Disraeli bought the Egyptians shares using money borrowed from the Rothschilds. Protecting the Canal was the primary goal of British policy in the East from that day until the middle of the twentieth century.  The British wanted the mandate over Palestine to protect the East Bank of the Canal. Hence their willingness to betray the promises of the Balfour Declaration because they saw Arab violence as being a threat to English control of the waterway to Inida.  The British gave up the Mandate in 1947 which resulted in the creation of Israel because India was gaining its independence.  The Suez Crisis of 1956, which led to the Six Day War in 1967 which has led today’s stalemate, was triggered by British vestigial feelings for the Canal. 


    1871: It was reported today that the Jewish Messenger approves of the recent defeat of the Tammany Machine in local city elections.  The Messenger gives credit to the New York Times for informing the public about the great abuses and agrees with the Times that this was not a victory of party but of principle.


    1871: It was reported today that the Jewish Messenger does not think that appealing to the Russian government for a redress of the conditions of the Jews of Russia will do much to improve conditions. The primary source of misery comes from “petty sources” that no government can control in such a vast expanse as Czarist Russia. [To most of us, this view Jewish life in Russia, is unique]


    1871: In Mako, Rabbi Enoch Fischer and his wife gave birth to Emil Maki the Hungarian poet who also wrote “a Biblical drama” entitled “Absalom.”



    1872: Charles August Lauff, the German native and California businessman, and his wife, Maris J. Sebran, the daughter of Gregorio and Ramono Briones, gave birth to George Lauff.


    1874: Birthdate of Samuel Platt, the native of Carson City, Nevada who graduated from Stanford University who became one of the state’s leading lawyers and Republican Party leaders who was also active in B’nai B’rith.



    1877: Gilbert and Sullivan’s two act comic opera “The Sorcerer” for which Giulia Warwick (born Julia Ehrenberg) “created the role of Constance” opened in London today.


    1878: Eighty-five year old Betsy Jonas was buried today at Exeter Jewish Cemetery.


    1878: “Ancient and Modern Gymnastics” published today commented on the recently published findings of Dr. Schaible in which he traces the history of physical training among various ancient people.  According to Schaible, “the Jews ‘paid but little attention to exercises for the body.’ If this were true, it would that the nation which possesses the most inexhaustible vitality” (the Jews) “ is that which has taken the least trouble about training.” The article challenges Schaible’s view of Jewish physicality.  Not only does the Bible contain numerous accounts of a people who were physically strong enough to win and hold their lands by the swords.  But in modern times, the number of successful Jewish boxers in the UK would tend to refute his contentions.


    1878:“The Jews and the Keys of Jerusalem” published today described two unusual customs practiced by the Jews living under Ottoman rule in Palestine The first concerns “small squares of brass-foil stamped with the Hebrew words meaning visiting the sick.”  Nobody is sure of the origin of this unsanctioned (by the Turkish government) coinage but it is used for commercial among the Jews in the local bazaars. The other custom has to do with acquiring the great keys to Jerusalem when each Sultan passes away.  After a mysterious religious ritual, the Jews return the keys to authorities for used by the incoming Sultan.  The local Turkish authorities see it as harmless activity that enriches them since the Jews have to pay a bribe to get the keys.


    1879: “Hearts of Oak” a play co-authored by David Belasco opened at Hamlin’s Theatre today in Chicago, Illinois.


    1881: Julius J. Frank delivered a lecture entitled “The Jew” Has he Still a Mission” at a meeting sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.


    1882: Birthdate of Rakel Glick, the Norwegian factory owner who was arrested in Trondheim and shipped to Auschwitz where he was murdered.


    1884: “A Good Old Philanthropist” published today provides a detailed review of Sir Moses Montefiore: A Centennial Biography by Lucien Wolf


    1884: Plans for an upcoming fund raiser to be held at the Thalia Theatre “for the benefit of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society” were published today.


    1884: It was reported today that Mount Sinai Hospital currently has 168 patients.  The hospital has a capacity to serve 185 patients and serves them regardless of race, creed or financial condition.  The hospital has a fund of $175,000 and owes no money on its building or furnishings.


    1885: “Hebrews in Convention” published today described events at a conclave of 35 Reform rabbis at which Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler presented his plans for changing the practice of Judaism in the United States.  Among them is the rejection of the traditional belief that all Jews are going back to Palestine and the elimination of reading those sections of the Scriptures “which referred to certain subjects not fit to be read in public or placed in the hands of children.”  He also “denounced the rite of circumcision as a relic of barbarism.” (As can be seen from Kohler’s proposals, the rift between Reform and Jewish traditionalists was about a lot more than just serving shell food at a banquet in Cincinnati)


    1887(1stof Kislev, 5648): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1887: “Dancing for Charity’s Sake” published today provided a full description of the 9th annual charity ball held by the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum. The event opened at ten o’clock when President and Mrs. Ernst Nathan and Vice President Samuel Goldstein and his daughter Sara led the promenade. Mayor Whitney and Mayor-elect Chapin attended the event which raised $6,000.


    1889: “Modern English Jews” published today traces the history the Jewish community in the British Isles from its earliest days until the end of the present time when Sir Henry Isaacs is about to be named Lord Mayor of London.


    1891(16thof Cheshvan, 5652): Fifty-seven year old author and teacher Jacob Egers who “was for more than twenty years a master at the Training-School for Teachers in Berlin” passed away today.


    1892: “Indignant Russian Hebrews” published today described the anger friends of the late Louis Krabitz expressed when Israel Ronginsky was released following a coroner’s inquest. Both men were Jewish immigrants from Russia who worked as peddlers.


    1893: Having lost their courtroom battle with landlord Alexander Grant, 33 Russian Jewish families were reported today to have three days to move out of their tenements and find other housing.


    1895: At Temple Emanu-El, Rabbi Gustav Gottheil “began a series of sermons on ‘Womanhood’ the first of which was entitled ‘The Birthday of a Great Woman.’”


    1895: “The Charity of the Jews” published today described Rabbi Joseph Silverman’s view on the generosity of his co-religionist which included his view “that Israel was always noted for her charity, and, in fact was the first nation to make public charity and benevolence prevalent among its people so that a landed aristocracy could hold no footing in the nation.”


    1895: It was reported today that Temple Emanu-El’s Joseph Silverman has “paid tribute to the liberal spirit of the Emperor of Austria for his firm stand against the anti-Semitic fanaticism that recently broke out in Vienna.”


    1895: “Queer Marriage Customs” published today described marital rituals in ancient times and non-European societies including “Talmudic prohibitions” requiring “that the male must not be under fourteen years and a day and the female under thirteen years and a day.” During the Middle Ages the Jewish wedding banquet featured “a dressed hen and a raw egg” which “were placed before the bride as a way of urging her to be prolific when it came to children.


    1896: Mrs. Sophie C. Axman of Kansas City delivered a lecture on “Child Life” at the Convention of the National Council of Jewish Women which is now in its third day.


    1896: Birthdate of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky


    1897: The Emigration Committee of the Board of Guardians met in London this afternoon


    1898: Dr. Dillingham, the assistant Sanitary Inspector of the Health Department was reported today to have said that the two cases of measles and three cases of scarlatina have been taken care of and there is no public health problem at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.


    1900: In Manhattan, “Israel Silberkleit and Julia Wink” who came to the United States in 1885 and were wed in 1888 gave birth to their youngest child Louis Horace Silberkleit, “the co-founder of Archie Comics.”




    1901:  Birthdate of director Lee Strassberg. Born Israel Strassberg in Budzanow, Poland, he was the son of a provincial innkeeper. At the age of 7, he immigrated with his family to the United States, where his father worked in the garment industry. Growing up on the Lower East Side, he attended the theater whenever possible and joined the Chrystie Street Settlement's drama group as an actor. It was at that time that he changed his name to I. Lee Strasberg, subsquently dropping the initial. He worked as a wigmaker; studied improvisational acting techniques with Richard Boleslavsky, a student of Stanislavsky, and began working as an actor. He pioneered the technique of "method acting" and taught many famous actors and actresses how to behave on stage and in front of a camera.  In later life he gave a memorable performance as the Myer Lansky like character in Godfather II.


    1902: Birthdate Laurette Eugen Wigner. Wigner was a Hungarian-born American physicist who was the joint winner of the 1963 Nobel Prize for Physics (with Maria Goeppert Mayer and Johannes Hans Jensen) for his insight into quantum mechanics, for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles. He made many contributions to nuclear physics and played a prominent role in the development of the atomic bomb and nuclear energy.


    1904: Abraham Fisher Sergie, the husband of Fanny Mann with whom he had six children and the son-in-law of Bernard Mann and Sophia Berman was buried today at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern, Ireland.”


    1904: Birthdate of Dallas native and Missouri trained lawyer Irving Fane who was the attorney for the Sport’s Authority in Kansas City.


    1905:  Today, on the same day that the government presented revolutionaries with a new constitution “a rumor was spread that orders had been given to attack the Jews, followed by an attack abated by soldiers and Cossacks during which the mob smashed windows, broke down doors, broke locks, put booty in their pockets and “grievously” beat men, women and children while shouting “Money, gave us your money.”


    1905: Two weeks of massacres began in Zhitomir, Ukraine.


    1905: As of today, $302, 678.39 has been collected to help the suffering Jews of Russia and has been sent to Baron Gunsberg in St. Petersburg.


    1905: Jacob Schiff, the Treasurer of the Nation Relief committee to raise funds for the sufferers by the Massacres in Russia received a cablegram from Lord Rothschild in London which states in part “Russian catastrophe, according to details from Russia today, far greater than expected; outrages and whole robber and incendiarism in eighty-four town, so relief fund has huge take to grapple with.”


    1905: It was decided today to form a National Self-Defense Association of Jews in Russia which will necessitate sending “delegates to the Czar’s dominions.”


    1905: Meetings were held tonight at Ottawa and Montreal which were attended by several members of the Dominion Parliament to protest the attacks on the Jews of Russia and to raise money for their relief.


    1906: Birthdate of Mischa Ounskowsky, the native of St. Petersburg who gained fame as American actor Mischa Auer.


    1907: Lord Lionel Rothschild has tentatively agreed to send two of his motorboats to the United States to take place in a series of race scheduled to take place during 1908.


    1909: Birthdate of Alter Mojze Goldmana Polish Jew who was active in the French Résistance during World War II


    1909(4th of Kislev, 5670): Rabbi Nissim Moche Amon, President of the Constantinople Bet Din (religious court) passed away at the age 72.


    1911: “Christian and Jewish lawyers refuse to appear in any future cases” which are to be heard by a magistrate in Sanok Galicia who is known for his anti-Jewish outbursts.


    1911: In Great Britain, the King followed the recommendation of the Home Secretary and appointed Londoner Israel A. Symmons as a metropolitan Police Magistrate.


    1911(26thof Cheshvan, 5672): Eighty-five year old Jacob Aaarons passed away today after which he was buried at the Plashed Jewish Cemetery in London.


    1911: Celebration of the 70th anniversary of the London Jewish Chronicle.


    1911: Joseph Weinberg, the father of “billionaire businessman Harry Weinberg” “came to Baltimore” from Galicia today “on the S.S. Breslau” after which he sent for his wife Sarah and their four children who “arrived in August, 1912 aboard the S.S. Koln.”



    1911: The Jewish Community of Sydney, Australia, expressed their support for a “movement among the city’s largest to close all workshops and business houses on Saturdays.”


    1911: In New York City, vaudeville monologist and movie character actor Julius Tannen and his wife gave birth to actor William Tannen best known for his long-running supporting role in television western “Wyatt Earp.”



    1912(7thof Kislev, 5673): Henry Thalsheimer, the New Orleans merchant who in 1908 built a new dry goods store at a cost of “about $12,000” passed away today in the Crescent City.


    1912: In Chicago, dedication of the Marks Nathan Jewish Orphan Home.


    1912: In Pueblo, CO, “Samuel Cohen and the former Dora Inger” gave birth to Rosie Cohen who gained fame as actress and performer Connie Sawyer.  (As reported by Sam Roberts)



    1913:  Amidst a controversy over using Hebrew as a language of instruction in the schools in Palestine, the German Counsel in Haifa warned Berlin that use of Hebrew would heighten Arab suspicions about Jewish intentions while exacerbating inter-communal conflicts among the Jews.


    1914: American Jewish relief agencies sent “twenty cases of clothing to Belgian Jewish refugees in England” after they sent another forty cases “to the Jews of Galicia.


    1915: The Turkish Embassy in Washington, DC made an announcement today, that “in an effort to draw within their border Jews no in territory ceded away by the Ottoman Empire as a result of the last Balkan war, the Turks have decided to grant the same benefits and exemptions” to the Jews which “heretofore were accorded only to Mohammedans.”


    1915: Today “omitting any references to the failure and insuffiency of supplies, the military censor willingly permitted the Zemlya” to explain “the Russian reverses” by writing “If it were not for the Jews the war with Germany would not have been accompanied by the unpleasant features which contributed so strongly to the success of the enemy.


    1916:Ater “rejoining his battalion in France in March 1916 and taking part in the fighting at Pozières, today Australian Leonard Keysor was transferred to the 42ndBattalion


    1916: General Sir Ian Standish Hamilton, the commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Gallipoli Campaign wrote to Jabotinsky today from his home at 1 Hyde Park Gardens” about the Zion Mule Corps saying  that ‘The men have done extremely well, working their mules calmly under heavy shell and rifle fire, and thus showing  a more difficult type of bravery than the men who were constantly in the trenches and had the excitement of combat to keep them going’ (Jewish Virtual Library)


    1916: Birthdate of author and Civil War historian Shelby Foote.  Foote grew up in Greenville, Mississippi.  His maternal grandfather was a Viennese Jew who immigrated to the United States and settled in Mississippi.  According to an interview found in Confederates in the Attic, Foote’s mother took him to Saturday services in Greenville until he was eleven years old.  Foote did not say why she stopped taking him. However he did say that he did not experience any anti-Semitism while growing up in Greenville. He soon found out that the rest of the world was not as accepting. As a student at UNC in Chapel Hill, Foote was blackballed from a fraternity being pledged by his friends because of his religion. As Foote said in an interview, “’I knew all the trouble I’d have down the line,’ he said of his Jewish heritage.  “I was always not wanting to take on that kind of trouble.   It just added one more problem, an added awkwardness to life.’” So, while in his twenties, Foote was Baptized and confirmed as an Episcopalian. Foote passed away in 2005.


    1916: “Dr. Judah L. Magnes made public in statement issued” tonight "an idea, the details of which have not yet been worked out…which contemplates a gigantic loan, the largest in the world’s history and without interest, to the Jews of Europe” that will help them to “rehabilitate themselves and their devastated lands at the end of the European War.”


    1916: Until today, “the hostility of the authorities against the Jews” particularly in Poland “found expression in well-known laws and in uninterrupted persecutions and oppressions of the Jewish community as well as in the fact that a religious body to which 14 per cent of the population of Poland belongs was deprived of all uniform organizations.”


    1916: The Jews of Poland received a “grant of new rights” under which “the members of the Jewish religion will be permitted to reorganize as a religious body” and a “guarantee is given that no religious tendency can be suppressed by the majority of the population.”


    1916: German General von Besseler, the Governor General at Warsaw made public today an ordinance that “provides for the creation of an organization of the heretofore unorganized and unrecognized Jewish religious communities”


    1917(2ndof Kislev, 5678): Parashat Tolodot


    1917: Rabbi Tobias Schanfarber is scheduled to lead Saturday morning services at K.A.M. Temple in Chicago.


    1917: Rabbi Julius Rappaport is scheduled to lead services at Beth El Temple in Chicago.’


    1917: The Russian Civil War which pitted the Whites against the Reds – which would come to mean the Red Army led by Leon Trotsky – began today.


    1917: It was reported today that New York Samuel A. Lewisohn, the son of Adolph Lewisohn is engaged to Margaret V. Seligman, the daughter of the late Isaac N. Seligman.


    1917: It was reported today that that Isaac B. Bergson has replaced Herbert S. Goldstein as the director of activities for the Central Jewish Institute in New York.


    1917: In Munich, Major Franz Carl Andres “in an address delivered under Zionist auspices and sanctioned by the imperial (the Kaiser) authorities intimated that Germany will support Zionist aims in Palestine. (Note – this speech comes two weeks after the issuance of the Balfour Declaration and would seem to be a bid by the Germans to hold on to Jewish support)


    1917: During World War I, General Allenby’s forces entered the Hills of Jerusalem.  The German General on whom the Turks were depending left Jerusalem and headed for Nablus.  He had no intention of fighting by the side of his Ottoman compatriots as the Allies made their way towards the City of David.


    1917: “The battle of Nebi Samwil which was the first attempt by the forces of the British Empire to capture Jerusalem” began today.


    1917: Birthdate of Helen Gavronsky the  Germiston, South Africa native who would gain fame as activist and Nobel Prize Winner Helen Suzman


    1917: In Brookline, MA, Rose and Myron Helpern gave birth to David Moses Halpern, “the business side of the husband-and-wife apparel design team known as Joan & David…” (As reported by Paul Vitello)


    1918(13th of Kislev, 5679): Captain Joseph B. Greenhut passed away today in Peoria, Illinois.  Born at Bishop-Purnitz, Austria, in 1843, lived in Mobile, Alabama before moving to North prior to the Civil War.  He was the second man in Chicago to respond to President Lincoln’s call for volunteers.  As a Sargeant in the 12th Illinois Infantry he fought at Fort Donelson where he was wounded and then promoted to the rank of Captain.  His fought in most of the major battles of the war including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain and the Battle Above the Clouds.   His valor earned him the brevet rank of Colonel.  He served on the state of Edward S. Salomon, one of the Jewish soldiers to reach the rank of General in the Union Army.  After leaving the Army, Greenhut settled in Peoria where he was a successful businessman for over thirty years. His membership in the Grand Army of the Republic and the B’nai Brith bespeak his pride in being an American and a Jew.


    1918: Rabbi Hyman Gerson Enelow delivered a sermon today “at the temple of the Liberal Union of Paris” entitled “The War and the Future of Religion.”


    1918: In New York City Nathan M. and Sara (Damsky) Landsman gave birth to Ivy League (Dartmouth BA, Harvard MA) educated businessman Herbert Samuel who began his career with “Wm. Filene’s Sons Company in Boston and who married Madeline Rollman Stricker after his first wife Claire Zimmerman passed away.



    1919: Birthdate of composer and arranger Hershy Kay.


    1920: A fund raising drive sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of Louisville, KY is scheduled to continue for a second day.


    1921: Winston Churchill demands that Sir Herbert Samuel, the High Commissioner, move forcefully to collect the fines from Arab rioters who had attacked Jews and destroyed their property in Jaffa.


    1922: Birthdate of Stuart Schulberg, the son of producer and studio executive B.P. Schulberg and younger brother of novelist/screenwriter Budd Schulberg,


    1922: Sarah (Apfel) Berlinger, the wife of Moses Berlinger with whom she had two children, was buried today at the Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.


    1924: Release date for a Rudolph Valentino melodrama “A Sainted Devil produced by Jesse Lasky and Adolph Zukor.


    1927: Birthdate of Stanley Cohen, “an American biochemist who shared the 1986 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his researches on epidermal growth factor (EGF), a substance produced in the body that influences the development of skin tissues. With the nerve growth factor (NGF) studied by Levi-Montalcini, these were the first of many growth-regulating signal substances to be discovered and characterized. The discovery of NGF and EGF opened new fields of widespread importance to basic science and increased understanding of many disease states such as developmental malformations, degenerative changes in senile dementia, delayed wound healing and tumor diseases.”


    1927: In Boston, the Boston Symphony Orchestra is scheduled to perform Alexander Tansman's Symphony no. 2 in A minor which will mark its first performance in the United States.


    1928: Dr. Zemach Feldstein, the Director of the Hebrew Gymnasium of Kovno was among the speakers who addressed the opening meeting of the first national convention of the Federation of Lithuanian Jews in America that opened tonight at the Mecca Temple in New York City.


    1930: University of Pennsylvania trained legal scholar Philip Amram, the son of David Werner Amram, and his wife gave birth to acclaimed composer David Amram III, one of the most eclectic, versatile, and unpredictable American musicians of the 20th–21st centuries, who has given equal attention throughout his life thus far to contemporary classical art music, ethnic folk music, film and theater music, and jazz. The Boston Globe has saluted him as "the Renaissance man of American music," and The New York Times noted that he was "multicultural before multiculturalism existed." Yet Amram's so-called multiculturalism has not been political—"correct" or otherwise—but rather a function of his genuine interest in a variety of musical traditions and practices. "Music is one world," he has declared. Amram was born in Philadelphia, but he spent his childhood on the family farm in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, where the family moved shortly before his seventh birthday. His father had been a farmer before becoming a lawyer, and—like David Amram to this day—he continued to farm in addition to his professional pursuits. Since there was little Jewish population in that farming region, young David grew up without the benefit of a Jewish community, but his grandfather (David Werner Amram, for whom he was named), who had been active in early American Zionist circles and had spent considerable time on a kibbutz in Palestine, taught him basic Hebrew; and his father conducted Sabbath services in their home. His father also introduced him to recordings of cantorial music and to his own amateur piano renditions of European classical pieces. His uncle was a devotee of jazz, introducing David to recordings of such artists as Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong—and then taking him to hear some of those performers in person. Those three traditions—jazz, classical, and Jewish liturgical music—were thus somehow interrelated for him from childhood, in terms of both emotional and improvisational aspects.


    1930: “Sweet and Low,” a musical revue produced by Billy Rose whose stars included George Jessel and Fanny Brice opened on Broadway at Chanin’s 46thStreet Theatre.


    1931: Montefiore Kahn, vice president of Oil Shares, Inc., is scheduled to make a court appearance today related to the theft of $100,000.


    1931: “Kameradschaft” a German made film with social protest overtones co-starring Jewish actor Alexander Granach premiered in Germany today.


    1933: “The Right to Romance” written by Sidney Buchman was released today by RKO in the United States.


    1936: In Budapest, Hungary, “anti-Semitic student demonstrations at the University of Budapest which had ceased during the visit of the Italian Foreign Minister were resumed today.”


    1937: As the Arab terrorist war against the Jews of Palestine continued,The Palestine Post reported that 45 Jews were arrested under the new emergency regulations. The Jewish Agency stated, in reference to the revolting murder of five Jewish pioneers at Ma’aleh Hahamisha, and an apparent dissidents’ retaliation during which six Arabs were killed in Jerusalem, that it would oppose to the utmost any attempts at revenge on innocent persons. The agency was confident that all responsible Jewish bodies would stamp out dissidents from their midst. British troops killed three Arab terrorists in Galilee.


    1938: U.S. premiere of “The Cowboy and the Lady” a western comedy produced by Samuel Goldwyn with a script by S.N. Behrman and music by Alfred Newman.


    1938: Birthdate of Peter Kassovitz, the native of Budapest who left Hungary during the 1956 Revolution and whose directorial credits include one of the most unique Holocaust movies – Jakob the Liar.


    1938: Mussolini adopted an Italian anti-Semitic Code patterned after the German Nuremberg Laws.  Was Mussolini an anti-Semite?  This is the subject of The Contract: Mussolini, the Publisher of Hitler by Giorgio Fabrre, recently released in English translation and reviewed by the New York Times on November 7.  This book explores the murky relationship between the two fascist dictators including the fact that Mussolini paid an exorbitant sum for the rights to publish Mein Kampf in Italy.  Apparently the money was really a secret campaign contribution from Mussolini to Hitler.  Prior to the enactment of this code, Mussolini had already moved against the Jews of Italy including his former mistress who was Jewish. The most immediate impact of the code was to force many Jews out of Mussolini’s Fascist Party.  This controversial book has forced many Italians to re-examine this dark chapter in their history.


    1938: Sheik Abdul Rahman el Khatib was shot and seriously wounded while walking on a street here this morning. There is little hope for his recovery. His Arab assailant escaped.


    1938: As Arab violence continues for a second straight year, “A Jew was fatally shot this morning by an Arab near Sharona, a Christian German colony near Tel Aviv.”


    1938: Ernst von Rath whose murder by Herschel Grynszpan was the excuse for Kristallnacht, “was given a state funeral in Düsseldorf, which was attended by Hitler and Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop who in his funeral oration described the shooting as an attack by the Jews on the German people.”


    1939: Nazis destroy all of the synagogues in Lódz, Poland.


    1939: Abraham Kaplan, the author of Conduct of Inquiry, married child psychologist Iona Judith Wax; a union which produced two children -- Karen Eva Kaplan Diskin and Jessica Aryia Kaplan Symonds.


    1939: Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II's "Very Warm for May," premieres in New York City.


    1939(5th of Kislev, 5700): Boruch Ber Leibowitz passed away.  Born at Slutsk (Belarus) in 1864, he was Talmudic prodigy who studied under Rabbi Chaim Brisker before becoming head of the Kneseth Beis Yitzchak Yeshiva in Slobodka which he was forced to re-locate and reconstitute in different locales based on the vicissitudes of World War I and the ensuring violence that gripped Eastern Europe.  Tragically, death came to him in Vilna the last location of his Yeshiva.



    1940: The Lodz Ghetto Archive was established today, by order of the Chairman of the Judenrat, Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski.



    1940: In Tel Aviv, a conference of 300 communal representatives formed a “United National Front” dedicated to carrying out the reform program championed by Pichas Rutenberg.  “This united front has the support of many middle class Jews” who have been concerned by the breach growing between “socialists affiliated with the General Jewish Labor Federation and Zionist Revisionists.”


    1940: In Berlin, Lieutenant Colonel Kazys Skirpa, former Lithuanian ambassador to Germany, established the Lietuviu Aktyvistu Frontas (Lithuanian Activist Front), a collaborationist Fascist organization dedicated to nationalism and anti-Semitism.


    1941: Birthdate of Arlington, VA, native James Steven “Jim” Bregman “a member of the first American to compete in judo in the Summer Olympics.”


    1941:The Hitch-Hiker a radio play written by Lucille Fletcher featuring a score written and conducted by Bernard Herrmann, Fletcher's first husband was broadcast of the Orson Welles Show on CBS Radio for the first time.


    1941: Proceeds from tonight’s performance of the play “Theatre” at the Hudson Theatre featuring Cornelia Otis Skinner will go to the Women’s League for Palestine and help the league raise funds for the construction of a center for refugees in Jerusalem.


    1941: Eight Jews executed for going outside the Warsaw ghetto without permission. Six were women.


    1941: In France, the Vichy government expanded the Aryanization rules to exclude Jews from any employment beyond menial labor.


    1942: Rabbi Levi Yitzchak Horowitz “married Rachel Unger Leifer of Cleveland, Ohio, daughter of Rabbi Naftali Unger, av beis din of Neumarkt and a descendant of Rabbi Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz.”


    1942: It was reported today that two chapters “Blood and Banquets: A Berlin Social Diary” by Bella Fromm have appeared in Harper’s Magazine.   [Bella Fromm was a German Jewish correspondent for the Ullstein newspapers and the Times. She risked her life by staying in Germany during the 1930’s so that she could report on events surrounding the Hitler régime.  She finally fled to the United States where her reportage became the inspiration for this first-hand account of events in the land of the Nazis.]


    1942: The headline in today’s edition of Haaretz announced that "The Eretz-Israeli residents that have been exchanged have arrived from the Reich."  According to the Jewish daily, “There’s been much commotion at the Afula station in preparation for the arrival of 114 women and children, relatives of Eretz-Israeli and British residents, who've come from Germany. They were exchanged for German women and children from Eretz Israel, who were allowed to travel to Germany."


    1943: Nine hundred ninety-five Jews from Holland were sent to Birkenau where 531 were gassed, including 166 children.


    1943: Max Sievers, who was forced to return to Europe in 1939 because he could not get a visa that would have allowed him to say in the United State was sentenced to death by the Nazis.


    1943: General Antonescu, the Rumanian dictator warned the cabinet against giving into Hitler's demands for the Jews. Hundreds of thousands still survived in camps and ghettos. "We will take them away from here." Four thousand, four hundred orphans were the first to be repatriated, followed by 15,000 others.


    1943: The director-general of the BBC, Robert Foot, issued a policy directive . . . 'that we should not promote ourselves or accept any propaganda in the way of talks, discussion, features with the object of trying to correct the undoubted anti-Semitic feeling which is held very largely throughout the country'


    1944: U.S. premiere of “The Princess and the Pirate” produced by Samuel Goldwyn, with music by Daid Rose and screenplay co-authored by Mel Shavelson.


    1944: In Palestine, Florence Becker and Henry Abraham Lipowitz gave birth to Lorne Lipowitz, the Canadian raised television producer known as Lorne Michaels the driving force behind “Saturday Night Live.”


    1945: A delegation from the American League for Free Palestine headed by former Senator Guy Gillette arrived in London tonight.  The delegates are supposed to hold discussions with British leaders about the situation in Palestine and payment of reparations to those living in DP camps in Germany.


    1945: As the British government sought to enforce the White Paper and clamp down on Jewish resistance activities, “British paratroopers carried twenty expectant mothers to hospitals in armored cars today.  A baby born in one of the armored cars was named Shalom by his mother.


    1946: As part of growing wave of terror caused by Britain failing to honor its war time promise to allow Jewish immigration to Eretz Israel and increasing repressive measure aimed at the Jews of the Yishuv, four British policemen were killed when their truck was blown up outside Tel Aviv.


    1946: In New York premiere of “The Chase” with a screenplay by Philip Yordan


    1946: Freedom Fighters for Israel (FFI) also known as Lehi or the Stern group operatives detonated a mine that killed four and wounded several others; over the course of the month, FFI gunmen sabotaged rail lines, shot at trains, blew up military vehicles, destroyed international telegraph lines, attacked police stations, robbed Barclays Bank in Tel Aviv, and set off an explosion at a British military base.


    1946: Eighty-six year old archaeologist Max von Oppenheim whose accomplishments included the excavations at Tell-Halaf passed away today.





    1947: Eighteen year old Yeruham Ben-Issar Jacob Krubelnik and sixteen year old Mordehai Zeev Sofar “went on trial today before the Jerusalem military court on suspicion of having caused an explosion under the Cairo-Haifa express” which resulted in the death of the engineer who was Jewish and the derailing of five coaches.


    1947: “Unidentified robbers gagged and bound a Tel Aviv diamond merchant in his home and escaped with jewels valued at $8,000.”


    1947: Members of the “Stern Gang…announced that they were ready to resume their truce pledge.”


    1947: Today “a prominent Arab source said differences of between King Abdullah of Transjordan and the exiled Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el-Husseini, had ruled out a coordinated invasion by Arabs opposed to a partition of the Holy Land.”


    1947: In Palestine, the departing British administration plans to sell state-owned real estate along the Haifa waterfront and to invest in England money from bonds sold to Palestinians.


    1947: A Liverpool jury needed only 13 minutes of deliberation to find newspaper editor James Caunt not guilty of charges of “seditious libel against the Jews in Britain.”  Caunt had written an editorial in The Visitor criticizing “British Jews for not doing more to prevent Zionist killing of British troops in Palestine, describing Jews as ‘a plague on Britain’ and encouraging violence against them.


    1947: Today, while the National Conference of the CDE was still conducting its business, Dr. William Filderman resigned from the leadership of the UER, and after a short time, succeeded in leaving Romania clandestinely. This decision had to be made, because it was discovered that the Romanian authorities were preparing a plot in which he would be accused of being a spy for Great Britain.


    1948: King Abdullah of Transjordan hopes for a "real peace" to replace "semi-peace." He suggests that "the Israelis should be more reasonable "and the Arabs "should accept the logical." (Abdullah was a complex figure who wanted to rule Jerusalem. He announced that no land under the control of the Jordanian army would be turned over to what are called today the Palestinian Arabs.)


    1949: Charles "Charlie" Thompson Winters was released today after spending 18 months in prison for violating the Neutrality Act of 1939 in conspiring to smuggle three bombers via Czechoslovakia to Palestine.


    1949: “The first of the military’s dead – the remains of those who fought in Latrun, in Kfar Etzion and the Convoy of 35, along with those buried in Sheikh Bader – some 300 people in all – were buried in a communal grave in the military cemetery on Mt. Herzl. (As reported by Mitch Ginsburg)


    1950: Soprano Roberta Peters, the twenty year old daughter of Ruth and Sol Peterman debuted at the Metropolitan Opera when she replaced a colleague on six hours’ notice. (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archive)


    1950(8thof Kislev, 5711): Eight-eight year old Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Cohen, dean of the Canadian Rabbinate and president of the Montreal Council of Orthodox Rabbis” passed away today.



    1953 (17 Kislev):Isser Zalman Meltzer passed away.  Born in1870, he was a famous Lithuanian Orthodox rabbi, Rosh Yeshiva and pose. He is also known as the "Even HaEzel", after the title of his commentary on Rambam's Mishne Torah.


    1953: Anna Meingest, who had been Stefan Zweig’s secretary in Salzburg for twenty years during the inter-war years passed away today.


    1954(21st of Cheshvan): Hebrew poet Yizhak Lamdan passed away


    1954: “Désirée” a movie version of the novel by the same name, directed by Henry Koster, produced by Julian Blaustein and written by Daniel Taradash


    1958: Syrian terrorists killed the wife of the British air attaché in Israel, who was staying at the guesthouse of the Italian Convent on the Mt. of the Beatitudes.


    1959: NBC broadcast “The Big Time” starring George Burns, Jack Benny, Eddie Cantor and George Jessel which the seventh episode of Startime,


    1960: “Morgan the Pirate” produced by Joseph E. Levine was released today in Italy.


    1960: Birthdate of Mandy Yachad a former South African cricketer and field hockey player who represented the South African national team in both sports.


    1961: Birthdate of history professor and author Jonathan Zimmerman




    1961: “A Proper God” published today reviews Paddy Chayefsky’s “Gideon” a play “drawn from 3 chapters of the Book of Judges” that “explores the relationship of an ordinary man to God.”



    1962: “Little Me” a Broadway “musical written by Neil Simon with music by Cy Coleman and lyrics by Carolyn Leigh opened at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre.


    1962: “More Language That Needs Watching” by Theodore M. Bernstein, the assistant managing editor of the New York Times is scheduled to be published today. This is Bernstein’s second book on linguistics. “Watch Your Language” provided examples “of words gone wrong – incorrect usage – and inept sentence structure” as well as selections of “bright and incisive writing.”


    1962: In his sermon delivered today, Dr. Israel Margolies said that laws that prevent the abortion of deformed babies are barbarous. The New York City rabbi has been quoted as saying “that the truly civilized mind would be hard pressed to devise a greater sin than to condemn a helpless infant to a life of permanent deformity, or to the twilight world of the slum and orphanage, or to an unwelcome home.”


    1962(20thof Cheshvan, 5723): John Shubert who had taken over as head of operations from his father Jacob in the 1950’s “passed away unexpectedly” today.


    1964(12thof Kislev, 5725): Chaim Mordechai Katz the Rosh Yeshiva of the Telshe Yeshiva in Cleveland, suffered a massive, fatal heart attack today.


    1964: Seventy-eight year old General Sir George James Giffard who served as General Officer Commanding British Forces in Palestine and Trans-Jordan from 1940 to 1941 passed away today.


    1965: “The War Lord” a medieval war movie with a score by Jerome Moross was released in the United States today.


    1966: Woody Allen’s “Don’t Drink the Water” premiered on Broadway today.


    1967: “Former concentration camp guard Erwin Busta, Gestapo official Ernst Sander and chief of security for the V-weapons program Helmut Bischoff went on trial before the District Court at Essen, West Germany on charges that included “summary executions of prisoners who had attempted to escape or were accused of sabotage.”


    1968(26th of Cheshvan, 5729): Ninety-four year old Vicksburg native Sidney N. Scharff, the son of Nicholas Scharff and Carrie Bernheimer passed away today in St. Louis


    1968: In what became known as the “Heidi Game” NBC cut away from the last minute of football game between the Oakland Raiders and the New York Jets so viewers could see the children’s classic, Heidi.  Given the closeness of the game, NBC’s switchboard was lit up with calls from irate fans.  The Jets were owned by two Jews, Sonny Werblin and Leon Hess and the Raiders were owned by another Jew, Al Davis. 


    1969: NBC broadcast “Friend of the Earth” the 11th episode of “My World and Welcome to It” created by Melville Savelson, produced by Sheldon Leonard and Danny Arnold and co-starring Harold J. Stone today.


    1969: An F-4E Phantom Jet manned by Ehud Hankin and Shaul Levi fell victim to Jordanian anti-aircraft fire.


    1971(29thof Cheshvan, 5732): Seventy-six year old “Yehuda Leib Levin, the chief rabbi of Moscow’s Central Synagogue passed away today.




    1972: “They Call Him The Mechanic” a “crime thriller directed by Michael Winner, produced by Robert Chartoff and Irwin Winkler with music by Jerry Fielding was released in the United States today.


    1973: NPR broadcast the first episode of “The National Lampoon Radio” whose stars included Gilda Radner, Harold Ramis and Richard Belzer


    1977:Egyptian President Sadat formally accepts invitation to visit Israel. This is the start of a historic process that will result in the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.  While Sadat may have been the leader of the sneak attack that started the Yom Kippur War, he is worth remembering as an Arab Nachson, a man who was brave enough to plunge into the unknown for the greater good.  He literally paid for peace with his own blood. 


    1976(24thof Cheshvan, 5737): Eighty-one year old Meyer Loshie Casman the Russian born son of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Casman, who attended the University of Pennsylvania Law School and West Point which him to a career as “a lawyer, engineer and prosecutor during the Nuremberg Trials passed away today after which he was buried in the Mount Lebanon Cemetery.


    1977: Colonel Menachem Milson, the Israeli officer named to serve as aide-de-camp to Anwar Sadat during his upcoming visit to Israel met with the committee coordinating preparation for the historic visit. 


    1978(17thof Cheshvan, 5739): Eighty-two year old Chicago native Mildred Rosenkranz, “the daughter of Emil Firth and Benvenida Solis” and the wife of Elias Victor Rosenkranz passed away today in Beverly Hills today.


    1978: Harold Pinter’s “Betrayal” premiered today at Lyttelton Theatre & Royal National Theatre in London


    1980: Bella Abzug and Grace Paley were among the thousands of women who participated in today’s Women’s Pentagon Action.


    1980: In a move that reinforced the concept of separation of church & State, the Supreme Court today decided in Stone v Graham, that “a Kentucky statute requiring the posting of a copy of the Ten Commandments purchased with private contributions on the wall of each public classroom in the State is unconstitutional”


    1980: “Pope John Paul II delivered a speech to the Jews of Berlin in which he discussed his views of Catholic-Jewish relations” in which he “claimed that Catholics must embrace the Hebrew Bible as being equally valid as the New Testament” and “asserted that God's Old Covenant with the Jewish people was never revoked which meant, as Darcy O'Brien wrote, that the pope had indicated that the Catholic Church had abandoned its mission to proselytize the Jews and has embraced the Jews' salvation.”


    1982(1st of Kislev, 5743): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1982(1st of Kislev, 5743): Russian violinist Leonid Borisovitch Kogan passed away.


    1983: Birthdate of Milwaukee Brewers MVP Ryan Braun.


    1985: “Art View; The Best and Biggest In Pittsburgh” published today described the 49thCarnegie International Exhibition which included works by Lucian Freud and Mel Bochner.’


    1985(4thof Kislev, 5746): Eighty-one year old Jimmy Ritz, one of the Ritz Brothers, passed away today after he was buried with his brothers at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.”


    1988: Neil Simon's "Rumors," premieres in New York City.


    1988: ABC broadcast the fourth episode of “War and Remembrance,” “an American miniseries based on the novel of the same name written by Herman Wouk”


    1989: “The Little Mermaid” an animated musical with a score by Alan Menken was released in the United States today.


    1990(29th of Cheshvan, 5751): Robert Hofstadter passed away. Hofstadter was an “American scientist who was a joint recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1961 for his investigations in which he measured the size of the neutron and proton in the nuclei of atoms. He revealed the hitherto unknown structure of these particles and helped create an identifying order for subatomic particles. He also correctly predicted the existence of the omega-meson and rho-meson. He also studied controlled nuclear fission. Hofstadter was one of the driving forces behind the creation of the Stanford Linear Accelerator. He also made substantial contributions to gamma ray spectroscopy, leading to the use of radioactive tracers to locate tumors and other disorders. (He shared the prize with Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer of Germany.)”


    1992: In the wake of last year’s riots in Crown Heights, “New York Governor Mario Cuomo gave the Director of Criminal Justice Services, Richard H.Girgenti, the authority to investigate the rioting and the trial” of Lemrick Nelson, Jr who was identified by Yankel Rosenbuam as his attacker before he succumbed to his wounds.


    1993: Judith Rodin was named the president of the University of Pennsylvania making her the first woman to head an Ivy League University.


    1993(3rd of Kislev, 5754): Sgt. 1st Cl. Chaim Darina, age 37, was stabbed by a Gazan terrorist while seated at the cafeteria at the Nahal Oz road block at the entrance to the Gaza Strip. The terrorist was apprehended. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the murder.


    1994: Irish Labor Party member Mervyn Taylor completed his service as Minister for Equality and Law Reform.


    1995: “It Takes Two” a comedy starring Steve Guttenberg was released in the United States State.


    1996: In New York, the complete list of candidates for landmark status and their architects suggested by Robert A. M. Stern includes the Henry L. Moses Research Institute, Montefiore Hospital, East Gun Hill Road, Bronx


    1998: Israel's parliament overwhelmingly approved the Wye River land-for-peace accord with the Palestinians.


    1999: U.S. premiere of “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” produced by Scott Rudin, with music by Danny Elfman and filmed by cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki.


    2000: Mathew Freud, the great-grandson of Sigmund Freud and Elizabeth Murdoch gave birth to their first child Charlotte Emma Freud.


    2001: In New Jersey, Bat Mitzvah of Jamie Shulman, the daughter of Lori and Mark Shulman, “a disaster inspector, fire prevention and risk consultant for Marsh & McLennan in New York” who died on 9/11.



    2001: Daniel Saul Goldin finishes serving as Administrator of NASA.  Goldin was the first Jew to hold the post.  He held the position longer than any of his predecessors, serving under three different Presidents.


    2002 (12th of Kislev, 5763): Abba Eban passed away.  (Editor’s note:  This entry is a little on the lengthy side, but the subject is well worth the time.  There is a prejudice at work here.  As youngster growing up in Washington during the 1950’s I heard Eban speak several times. His round Churchillian tones along with his sharp, lucid comments made one swell with pride.  I was further amazed to think that Israelis sounded just like Winston Churchill [boy was I in for a surprise].  But in the early days of the state, when Israel was not a popular cause, Ambassador to the U.S. and the U.N., Abba Eban bucked the odds, conducting a one-man diplomatic and public relations offensive against the well-heeled American oil lobby and the Arab governments to provide Israel with a positive image in the United States at a time when the survival of the state hung in the balance on daily basis. He will always be remembered as one of the statesmen who helped persuade the world to approve creation of Israel and dominated Israeli diplomacy for decades.)


    Abba Eban, orator, Israeli statesman and diplomat, Foreign Minister from 1966 to 1974, was born in Cape Town, South Africa, and brought up in England. He studied oriental languages and classics at Cambridge University, England, where he was a lecturer in Arabic from 1938 to 1940. He was already a public speaker of caliber and renowned for his presence at debates on the Middle East. During World War II he served in the British Army in Egypt and Mandate Palestine, becoming an intelligence officer in Jerusalem, where he coordinated and trained volunteers for resistance in the event of a German invasion. In 1946, the Jewish Agency appointed him political information officer in London, where he participated in the negotiations with the British government and the UN concerning the establishment of the State of Israel. When Israel became independent in 1948, he was appointed its first Ambassador at the UN. From 1950 until 1959 Eban was both Israel's ambassador in Washington, D.C., and chief delegate to the UN. On his return to Israel in 1959, Eban was elected to the Knesset as a member of the Mapai party, and served under David Ben-Gurion as Minister of Education and Culture from 1960 to 1963. From 1963 to 1966, he was deputy to Prime Minister Levi Eshkol. He was also president of the Weizmann Institute at Rehovot from 1959 to 1966. As Israel's Foreign Minister from February 1966 to 1974, Eban tried to strengthen relations with the United States and to associate Israel with the European Economic Community. During and after the Six-Day War of June 1967, he led Israel's diplomatic struggle in the UN. Following the Yom Kippur War of October 1973, Abba Eban helped bring about a disengagement of Egyptian and Israel forces in Sinai.  Eban continued to serve in succeeding sessions of the Knesset, but outside the ministerial sphere, as a member and later as Chairman of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, until he retired from politics in 1988. He was widely admired for his brilliant oratory outside Israel and his statesmanship at the UN on Israel's behalf, including some dramatic oratory. He wrote a scathing article on the infamous UN "Zionism=Racism" Resolution in 1975.  A figure of multiple accomplishments, Eban was fluent in ten languages, with the dual vocation of statesman and erudite academic. Throughout his career, he found time to publish meticulous and detailed historical works based on his vast knowledge and personal experience. His books include Voice of Israel (1957); My People (1969); My Country (1972), and Personal Witness (1992), as well as An Autobiography. After his retirement, he was able to dedicate more time to writing and lecturing, including essays and books The New Diplomacy and Diplomacy for the Next Century(1998), but his major landmarks were his involvement in the creation of three major historical television documentary series about the Jewish People and Israel, in which his remarkable voice rings throughout the narration with elegance and confidence. The first two were for Israel Television: Heritage: Civilization and the Jews; Personal Witness: A Nation is Born; and The Brink of Peace was produced with PBS.  In 2001, Abba Eban was awarded the Israel Prize for his lifetime achievement, but his wife received the prize on his behalf, as he was too ill to attend the ceremony. He also held twenty honorary doctorates and was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.


    2002: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest including Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers by Daniel Ellsberg, Media and Her Children by Ludmila Ulitskaya, translated by Arch Tait and The Terrorist Next Door: The Militia Movement and the Radical Rightby Daniel Levitas.


    2004: Premiere of the French comedy “The Grandsons,” directed, produced and written by Ilan Duran Cohen.


    2005(15thof Cheshvan, 5766): Ninety-six year old Waterloo, IA native Maurice Zimm whose career included writing radio and television scripts as well as serving as Peace Corps administrator as whowas he brother of talent agent Mike Zimgring, the father of criminologist Franklin Zimring and he grandfather of comedian Dan Lewis and historian Carl Zimgring passed away today.



    2005: Ira Glass’ “This American Life celebrated its tenth anniversary.”


    2005:  Haaretzreported on the three day visit of Israel’s President Moshe Katsav to Italy.  On the second day of the trip, Italy’s prime minister said that Israel should be admitted to the European Union.  This appears to be further evidence of the end of a period in which Israel was isolated from western democracies.  Katsav also announced his plans to invite the new Pope to visit Jerusalem.


    2005: Conrad M Black was indicted for his alleged role in stealing $51.8 million dollars from Hollinger International, the giant international newspaper publisher he helped create.  His publishing empire included The Jerusalem Post.  Black is Catholic but he is married to the conservative columnist Barbara Amiel, who is Jewish.  


    2006: William Shattner, the actor best known for his role as Captain Kirk of the Starship Enterprise appears in a commercial on the History Channel proclaiming that he is a Jew while wishing Mazel Tov to the Pilgrims.  The commercial is promoting an upcoming television telling the untold story of the Pilgrims travels to America in 1620.


    2006: “For Your Consideration” a comedy with a script co-authored by Eugence Levy who co-starred in the film along with Bob Balaban was released today in the United States.


    2006: Pierre Lellouche, the Tunisian born French Jewish political leaders completed his term as President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.


    2006: Jessica Savitch, of blessed memory, was inducted into "The Broadcast Pioneers of Philadelphia's Hall of Fame"


    2007: The International Oud Festival presents "Peace on Earth" at the Jerusalem Theater. The ensemble put together by Dinkjian for our Festival this year is comprised of some of the finest musicians from Greece, Turkey and Israel, Christians, Muslims and Jews, who will improvise together and play a selection of works by composers of the different faiths.


    2007: As part of the Australia Festival of Jewish Cinema “The Vow” is shown in Melbourne, Australia and “The Cantor’s Son” is shown in Sydney, Australia.


    2007: Omer Golan scored the winning goal for Israel against Russia, handing England a lifeline in their qualification group for Euro 2008,


    2007: Haaretzreported that “the Jewish poverty rate in the United States is higher than that in Israel. In Israel 24 percent of the population is considered poor, but about half is not Jewish…The poverty line for a family of three is set at an annual income of $15,000 but in New York and other large cities it is adjusted to the higher cost of living and set at $22,530.”  


    2008: The Jewish Community Center of Chicago holds its annual Hall of Fame Dinner, this year honoring Edward Fox followed by a benefit concert featuring Itzhak Perlman with members of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.


    2008: As part of the Meet the Author series, the JCC in Manhattan presents an evening with Yehudit Katzir, “a leading fresh female voice from Israel whose work has been translated into many languages.”  Her latest novel, “Dearest Anne, is a coming of age story set in mid-1970s Israel. After divorce shatters her family, Rivi is raised by her neglectful mother and helps care for her two younger brothers. She documents her feelings in a diary addressed to Anne Frank.”


    2008(19th of Cheshvan, 5769): Ali Ashtari was hanged today after being sentenced to death on June 30 by a revolutionary court in Teheran. It was the country's first known conviction for espionage linked to Israel in almost a decade.


    2008: Moshe Ya'alon announced that he was joining Likud and that he would participate in the primaries which would determine the Likud candidates for the 2009 elections. Ya’alon had served as IDF Chief of Staff from 2002 through 2005.


    2009: At Acre, the second workshop sponsored by UESCO on the subject of “Protecting Heritage Sites from Disaster” comes to an end.


    2009: Opening of The Fifth International Water Technologies and Environmental Control Exhibition - WATEC Israel 2009 at the Trade Fair and Convention Center in Tel Aviv.


    2009 (30th of Cheshvan, 5770): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    2009: Noralee Frankel discusses and signs Stripping Gypsy: The Life of Gypsy Rose Lee at noon as part of the Books & Beyond series at the Library of Congress.


    2009: A former SS sergeant who worked unnoticed for decades as a train-station manager was charged with 58 counts of murder today after a student doing undergraduate research uncovered his alleged involvement in a massacre of Jewish forced laborers. University of Vienna student Andreas Forster was working on a project about the slaying in a forest near the Austrian village of Deutsch Schuetzen when he stumbled across Adolf Storms' name in witness testimony. Forster then obtained files from federal archives in Berlin that enabled him to link the former sergeant to the massacre, his professor, Walter Manoschek, told The Associated Press.



    2010: In New York City, the Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present: Journeying to the Jews: Literary Ethnography along the Eastern Front, 1914-1918.



    2010:  In New York City, Jaimy Gordon was the surprise winner of the National Book Award for fiction.



    2010: It was announced today that A Holocaust survivor who teaches children the value of citizenship is among those who will be honored by President Obama with a Medal of Freedom. Gerda Weissman Klein, who survived the notorious death march at the end of the war designed by Nazis to keep Jews from being rescued, recently founded Citizenship Counts, “an organization that teaches students to cherish the value of their American citizenship,” the White House said in a statement Wednesday.



    2010: Today Israel approved the withdrawal of troops from the northern half of a divided village that straddles the border with Lebanon — a step that would end its four-year presence in the volatile area. 2010: Jean-François Copé began serving his term as President of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) Group in the French National Assembly.



    2011: The Shalom Hartman Institute of North America and The Skirball Center for Adult Jewish Learning at Temple Emanu-El are scheduled to present “Gender, Power, and Authority in Jewish Life: Challenges and Opportunities in North America and Israel” featuring Renana Pilzer, head of the Beit Midrash at the Shalom Hartman Institute Midrashiya Girls High School and Rabbi Joanna Samuels, Director of Strategic Initiatives,Advancing Women Professionals and the Jewish Community



    2011: Jeremy Cowan author of “Craft Beer Bar Mitzvah: How it took 13 years, extreme Jewish Brewing and Circus sideshow freaks to make Schmaltz Brewing Company an International Success” is scheduled to appear at the JCC in St. Louis, MO.



    2011: Rabbi Jeff Portman is scheduled to begin teaching a five session course “The Simpsons and the 10 Commandments” at Kirkwood Community College.



    2011: “The Young Zionist of Dror in Morocco” a film that documents Jewish life in Morocco during the 1950’s is scheduled to be shown today at the Jewish Eye World Jewish Film Festival.



    2011: Israel has reached its lowest poverty levels since 2003, according to the 2010 poverty report released today, but still faces significant problems in wealth disparity and impoverished children. According to the report, 20 percent of Israeli families - some 1.7 million people - live in poverty.



    2011: Supreme Court President Dorit Beinisch said today that medical residents who were resigning en mass in protest over pay and conditions were “taking the law into their own hands.”



    2012(3rd of Kislev, 5773): Ninety-four year old “Leah Gottlieb, who started with a single sewing machine in a refugee camp in the new nation-state of Israel and rose to become one of the world’s most renowned designers of women’s bathing suits” passed away at her home in Tel Aviv today.” (As reported by Douglas Martin)



    http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/20/fashion/leah-gottlieb-a-designer-of-swimsuits-dies-at-94.html?hpw&_r=0



    2012: “Süskind,” a cinematic treatment of the life the Jewish manager of the Jewish Council in Amsterdam in 1942, is scheduled to be shown at the UK Jewish Film Festival.



    2012: The Jerusalem International Oud Festival is scheduled to come to an end.



    2012: The World Union For Progressive Judaism is scheduled to host the 2012 International Humanitarian Awards Dinner in NYC.



    2012: Flory Jagoda, Aaron Shneyer, Hannah Spiro, Freida Enoch, Jessi Roemer, Jill Sege and Jonathan Tucker are scheduled to perform at Congreation Tifereth Israel as part of the Jewish Folk Arts Festival.



    2012: As Jews around the world observe Shabbat the words “Oseh shalom bimromav hu ya'aseh shalom aleynu v'al kol yisrael vimru amen”  (He who makes peace in his high places, he shall make peace upon us and upon all Israel, and say amen) take on a special poignancy as terrorist rockets are fired at Jerusalem and Israeli soldiers prepare to risk their lives to preserve the Jewish state.



     2012: As Israel entered the fifth day of Operation Pillar of Defense, an eerie silence washed over the south, with the familiar sound of red alerts and booms of rockets giving way to rumors of a ceasefire. As soldiers continued to stream south, Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi told reporters that there were indications that an agreement to halt hostilities was close. Israel denied the report, with officials saying there were still too many targets to hit before they could be confident the job they set out to do was done. Still, Southern Command head Tal Russo told reporters Hamas had been dealt a heavy blow.



    2012: The Iron Dome intercepted two Iranian-made Fajr-5 missiles aimed at Tel Aviv today. The missiles marked the third attack on the heavily populated central city in as many days, after Palestinian terrorists from Gaza fired four missiles toward the financial capital yesterday and the day before yesterday, prompting red alert air raid sirens to sound in the city



    2013: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Map and The Territory: Risk, Human Nature and the Future of Forecasting by Alan Greenspan, Jews In Gotham: New York Jews in a Changing City, 1920-2010 by Jeffrey S. Gurock, The Rise of Abraham Cahan by Seth Lipsky, Hanukkah in America: A History by Dianne Ashton, Jews and the Military: A Historyby Derek Penslar  and The Boy Detective: A New York Childhood by Roger Rosenblatt.


    2013: In Australia, the annual Jewish International Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end.


    2013: “The Fading Valley” and “Good Garbage” are scheduled to shown at the “Other Israel Film Festival” in New York City.


    2013: France favors an interim agreement with Iran over the Islamic Republic’s nuclear program, French President Francois Hollande said today in Israel, but such an agreement would only be signed if Tehran would abandon its ambition to acquire a nuclear weapon. (As reported by Raphael Ahren and Adiv Sterman)


    2013: According to reports published in the London Sunday Times the Saudis have agreed “to let Israel use its airspace in a military strike on Iran and cooperate over the use of rescue helicopters, tankers and drones.” (As reported by the Times of Israel staff)


    2013(14thof Kislev, 5774): Seventy-seven year old Syd Field author of Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting, the “bible of screening passed away today. (As reported by William Yardley)




    2014: In Melbourne, “The Last Mentsch” and “Regarding Susan Sontag” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014: “The Last Mentsch” and “Natan” are scheduled to be shown at the 18thUK Jewish Film Festival


    2014: The funeral of Charley J. Levine is scheduled to take placed this afternoon at 4 p.m. at Har Menuchot in Givat Shaul in Jerusalem.


    2014: Twenty-three year old Yonatan Souid, a French Jew will be formally charged today after being arrested yesterday for scalling the Brookly Birdige, apparently in an attempt to take some photographs.


    2014: “As tensions within the fractured government reached new levels” of crisis, Prime Minister Netanyahu and Foreign Minister Lieberman met today “to discuss solutions for the crisis in the coaltion over the state budget. (As reported by Moran Azulay)


    2014: “Many Palestinian bus drivers in Jerusalem did not show up for work today after an Arab bus driver was found hanged last night in what was classifified as suicide following an autoposy. (As reported by Marissa Newman)


    2014(24thof Cheshvan, 5775): Ninety-five year old Victor Elmaleh the Morooccan-born American Jewish businessman who, ironically, was one of the first to import German made VW’s into the United States passed away today.



    2015: “Partner with the Enemy” and “April Fool’s” are scheduled to be shown in Los Angeles at the 29th Israel Film Festival.


    2015: “Deli Man” and “The Physician” are scheduled to be shown in Sydney at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2016: The ADL is scheduled to host “Never Is Now!” its “groundbreaking summit on anti-Semitism today in New York City.


    2016: The American Jewish Historical Society and the American Society for Jewish Music are scheduled to host the Ted Rosenthal Quintet performing “The Great Jewish American Songbook” – “an evening of jazz interpretations of famous Jewish composers including George Gershwin, Richard Rodgers, Harold Arlen, and Jerome Kern, and a post-performance talk by Ted Rosenthal about the Jewish immigrants contributions to the American jazz repertoire of the 20th century”


    2016(16thof Cheshvan, 5777): Photo-journalist Ruth Gruber, who shepherded a boat load of Jews to safety to the United States passed away today at the age of 105. (As reported by Robert D. McFadden)




    2016: “In Search of Israeli Cuisine” and “Natasha” are scheduled to be shown at the 20th UK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2016: “Twenty mayors from around the world who are part of a delegation visiting Israel expressed opposition to two recent UNESCO resolutions that omitted Jewish and Christian links to Israeli holy sites in Jerusalem.”


    2016: “Cloudy Sunday” and “Alone in Berlin” are scheduled to be shown at Sydney as part of the International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: The 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival goes dark Erev Shabbat.


    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host two services – Orthodox and Egalitarian followed by a Shabbat evening meal.


    2017: After being viewed at several film festivals, including Festival du Nouveau Cinéma. “Holy Air” was released today in the United States.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such Jewish Michael Korda who is not a revisionists but whose Alone and With Wings Like Eaglesprovide highly readable, and unique views of Dunkirk and The Battle of Britain.


    2018: “The Last Suit,” “Memoir of War,” “The Prince and the Dybbuk” and “Inside the Mossad” are scheduled to be shown at the UK Jewish Film Festival.


    2018: “Dreaming of a Jewish Christmas” is scheduled to be shown on the final night of the Gershman Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival.”


    2018: Dina Pruzhansky a Russian-Israeli pianist and composer is scheduled to perform this afternoon in New York.


    2018: Award winning author Dori Weinstein is scheduled to lead children’s services at Tefereth Israel in Des Moines, IA.


    2018(9thof Kislev, 5779):  Parashat Va-yaytzay; for more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/


     


     


     


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    November 18



    1095: Pope Urban II opened the Council of Clermont. Summoned to plan the First Crusade, it was attended by over 200 bishops. Among its official policies, the Council decreed that a pilgrimage to Jerusalem made every other penance superfluous.  And so began one of the darkest periods in Jewish history.


    1297: Today during the Papacy of Boniface VIII, “the inquisition issued a bull according to which an accuser or witness could remain unrevealed to the accused when the latter was a person of influence” and since “the Jews were classed among the powerful persons, a simple denunciation sufficed to condemn them.”


    1302: Pope Boniface VIII issued the Papal bull Unam sanctamthat proclaimed, "outside of the Church there is neither salvation nor the remission of sins” which was part of an on-going effort to isolate the Jews from the general community and make anti-Semitism a permanent part of European society. It’s declaration that those who resist the Roman Pontiff are resisting God's ordination was one more plank in a platform that would sour Jewish-Christian relations for centuries to come. This is the same Pope Boniface VIII who issued the bull Exhibita Nobis, ordaining that Jews could be denounced to the Inquisition without the name of the accuser being revealed, so as to protect Christians against Jewish reprisals.


    1489: Joseph Günzenhäuser, Yom-Tov ben Perez and Solomon ben Perez published “Hobot ha-Lebabot” (Duties of the Heart) by Bayha ibn Pakuda in Italy. Bahya ben Joseph ibn Paquda was a Jewish philosopher and rabbi who lived at Zaragoza, Spain, in the first half of the eleventh century. The same trio had printed “Eben Bohan” by Kalonymus ben Meir ben Kalonymus in August of 1489. Kalonymus was an author and translator who lived in Provence “Eben Bohan” (The Touchstone) was a seminal work on morality for the Jews living in southern France.


    1570: In Ferra, Italy, the town where Azarya ben Moses dei Rossi is living was struck by an earthquake, which “miraculously” spared the Jewish Community.   In the aftermath of the earthquake, Dei Rossi became aware of whole body of Jewish literature from the time of the Second Temple which was known to Christians but had been lost to the Jews because it was written in Greek.   In twenty days he translated "The Letter of Aristas," from Greek into Hebrew. "The Letter of Aristas,""is supposed to be the discourse a Greek king gave about the wisdom of the Jews [Some sources give 1571 as the date for the earthquake.]


    1576: Birthdate of Philipp Ludwig II of Hanau-Münzenberg who in 1603 “invited many wealthy Jewish” to live in Hanuah and provided them with “a definite legal status” as well as permitting them to build a synagogue.


    1648: Bogdan Chemielniki and his Cossacks began their attacks. Kamenets, in the western Ukraine is one of the first cities to be attacked, with thousands killed in the first few days. Chemielniki was leading a Ukrainian national uprising against their Roman Catholic Polish masters. The Russian Orthodox Ukrainians were bitter over the forced conversions to Catholicism led by the Jesuits and the unscrupulous taxes collected by some Jews for the nobles.  The Jews managed the Ukrainian estates of the absentee Polish landlords. This volatile mixture of nationalism, religion and economic exploitation set the stage for the Cossack uprising. During the reign of Vladislav IV, the Zaporozhin Cossacks lived in a semi-autonomous kingdom called Sitch. Led by their leader - or Hetman - Chemielniki, they decided to avenge the people's rights. Their victories over the Polish army encouraged the serfs to join them. The Jews were even more hated than the Poles and were massacred in almost every town. In the ten tumultuous years that followed, over seven hundred Jewish communities were destroyed and between one hundred and five hundred thousand Jews lost their lives.


    1759: Following a mass baptism of Sabbatians at Lvov, today Jacob Frank and his wife were baptized “under the patronage of the King of Poland” in the cathedral at Warsaw following which the Catholic Church rejected “the request of the Frankists  that they be allowed to continue to live separately from other Christians and that they be permitted to wear Jewish clothing, to keep their sidelocks, avoid pork, to rest on Saturday as well as Sunday to retain use of the Zohar and other works of the Kabbalah.


    1792(3rdof Kislev, 5553): Zipporah Phillips Noah, the daughter of Jonas and Rebecca Mendes “Machado” Phillips, and the wife of Manuel Noah with whom she had two children – Mordecai Manuel Noah and Judith Noah – passed away today after which she was buried Coming Street Cemetery in Charleston, SC.


    1795; David Nathan married Sarah Isaacs at the Great Synagogue today.


    1804(15thof Kislev, 5565): First observance Purim of Abraham Danzig which is also called Pulverpurim or Powder Purim. Memorial Day established for himself and his family by Abraham Danzig, to be annually observed by fasting on the 15th of Kislew and by feasting on the evening of the same day in commemoration of the explosion of a powder-magazine at Wilna in 1804. By this accident thirty-one lives were lost and many houses destroyed, among them the home of Abraham Danzig, whose family and Abraham himself were all severely wounded, but escaped death (see Danzig, Abraham ben Jehiel). Danzig decreed that on the evening following the 15th of Kislew a meal should be prepared by his family to which Talmudic scholars were to be invited, and alms should be given to the poor. During the feast certain psalms were to be read, and hymns were to be sung to the Almighty for the miraculous escape from death.


    1823: Two day after he had passed away, “Issacher bar Yehuda” was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”


    1835: Alexander Davis married Anne Solomons at the Western Synagogue today.


    1838: In Mainz, Lazarus and Eleonore Hallgarten gave birth to Charles Hallgarten, the husband of Elise Mainzer who followed in his father’s footsteps as an American banker at Hallgarten & Company.


    1842: In Cincinnati, Ohio, Lamle ‘Lewis’ and Judith Einstein gave birth to Edwin Einstein who was the Congressman from New York’s 7th district from 1879 until 1881.



    1844: Birthdate of Sir Benjamin Louis Cohen, Baronet, British businessman and Conservative politician.


    1845: Sir George Grey, who hired Samuel Joseph, an Anglo-Jew from London as his interpreter” began serving today as the third Governor of New Zealand.


    1847: “After passing the exams of the U.S. Navy’s Medical Department,” 25 year old Phineas Jonathan Horowtiz, a graduate of the University of Maryland and the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, was appointed Assistant Surgeon today after which he was posted to the Gulf Squardron.


    1849: Birthdate of Ukrainian native Maximilian Bern, the son of a German physician and husband of Austrian actress Olga Wolbruck who starved to death in post-war Berlin because his novels and other writings did not provide enough money to support himself.


    1849: Birthdate of French banker and horse breeder Maurice Ephrussi, the native of Odessa who was part of the “Euphrussi family” and the husband of Beatrice de Rothschild, the daughter of Alphonse de Rothschild


    1851: Birthdate of Austrian critic and journalist Anton Bettelheim.


    1851: Reverend Henry Giles delivered a lecture before the Mercantile Library Association entitled "The Greek Man: or the Man of Culture" in which he compared the ancient Greeks to the Jews. Among other things he said that "Among men of the higher races, the Hebrew man and the Greek man stand, perhaps, the most in contrast. The spirit of the Hebrew man went upward; the faculties of the Greek man went outward.  In one was the idea of the divine: in the other, the idea of the Human.  The Hebrew man abhorred all image of God; the Greek man had no Got but in an image...The worship of the Hebrew ascended to a single and supreme object; the worship of the Greek went diffusively abroad...The mere form of the Hebrew ritual was eminently ceremonial...the appeal was with a sublime and sacramental meaning of which that of the Greek had nothing...the Hebrew life was developed through faith  and governed by authority.  The Greek life was developed through imagination and was governed by art.



    1852: At the Paris Observatory, Hermann Goldschmidt confirmed his observations of November 15 that had led to the discovery of Asteroid 21 Lutetia.


    1866: German born, Cincinnati, OH, businessman and civic leader Julius Frieberg and his wife Duffie Frieberg gave birth to their first child, Minnie Frieberg who became Minnie Ranshoff when she married Dr. Joseph Ransofhoff.


    1856: In Lancaster, PA, Congregation Shaarai Shomayim was incorporated today with Jacob Herzog serving aas the first president.


    1858: At New York’s Congregation B’nai Jeshurun, popularly known as the Greene Street Synagogue, Rabbi Morris Raphall preached a Thanksgiving Day Sermon following the afternoon service based on the words of the Psalmist, “Thank ye the Lord, for He is good; His mercy endureth forever.”  In his sermon, the Rabbi noted that the Governor’s Thanksgiving Proclamation had been written in such a manner that it did not offend the Jews making this a day that fulfilled the words of the Psalm, “How good, how beautiful it is for brethren to dwell together in unity.


    1858: A Thanksgiving Day service was held today at Congregation Shearith Israel on Crosby Street.  The service began at 11 a.m. and featured a sermon by Dr. Fischel based on the words of the Psalmist, “Except the Lord build the house, they labor in vain who build it; except the Lord keep the city, the watchman walketh but in vain.”


    1859: Today, the Jewish Chronicle published an advertisement “for a German Lady to teach in her own language and to give instruction in Hebrew”  from a “Ladies’ school” in Dover “where the number of pupils is small and where there are resident French and English Governesses.


    1862: During the Civil War, James Goldsmith who go from Corporal to Sergeant during his three year hitch, began his service to with Company H of the 163rdRegiment which was part of the Eighteenth Cavalry


    1863:  King Christian IX of Denmark decided to sign the November constitution, which declared Schleswig as part of Denmark, what was seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and lead to the German–Danish war of 1864. If you look at history in the long haul, The Prussian war with the Danes was the first of a series of conflicts ultimately led to the creation of Modern Germany.  In other words, there is a line from war with the Danes, to war with the Austrians, to war with France in 1870, to World War I to World War II and the Holocaust.


    1864(19thof Cheshvan, 5625): Jacob Weil the German educator and author from Frankfort-on-the-Main who was the father Professor Henri Weil passed away today.


    1869: In New York City, Rabbi James K. Gutheim delivered a Thanksgiving Day sermon at Temple Emanu-El based on Isaiah, XXXV, 17.


    1869: A group of dissident members of “Congregations Beaith Israel and Beth Elhoim” in Brooklyn including Jacob Wechsler, S.L. Moses, Simon Sondheim and Abraham L. Bass, all of whom were “sympathetic to the Reform movement” met today and formed Temple Israel which initially held services in rooms rented from the YMCA on the corner of Gallatin Place and Fulton Street.


    1871: The British Medical Journal reported today that Henry Behrend was the first Chairman of the Jews’ Deaf and Dumb Home “founded in 1863 by Baroness Mayer de Rothschild as a schoolor where resident Jewish children could learn to speak” and William Van Praggh, “the grandfather of chemist Gordon Van Praggh” was the Director


    1873: “Give a Dog a Bad Name” by Anglo-English playwright Leopold Davis Lewis was published today.


    1874: Rabbi De Sola Mendes delivered the first in a series of six lectures on Hebrew poetry at the Lyric Hall in Manhattan.


    1875: The Cleveland (Ohio) Herald reported that an unnamed young woman living on the city’s west side has canceled her wedding.  The bride assumed that her future husband, a local doctor, was a Roman Catholic.  In fact he is a Jew who regularly attends services at his synagogue.  The young woman sent word that she would not marry him unless he renounced his Judaism; something that he does not appear to be willing to do.


    1878: It was reported today that during the recent Congressional elections in Alabama Senator John Tyler Morgan delivered a speech opposing the candidacy of Colonel William Lowe in which he described Charles E. Mayer, the United States District Attorney and a Lowe supporter as being a “Jew dog.” The attack on Mayer resulted in many Jews who had opposed Lowe to support him in his bid for election.  Lowe, who was opposed by the Bourbon Machine, won the election. Morgan was a bigot who sought to pass legislation legalizing lynching an repealing the 15th Amendment. Mayer served as U.S. District Attorney from 1876 through 1870.


    1879: Bernard Williams, a Jew born in Poland now living in New Orleans, was one of the witnesses who testified before the Senate Sub-Committee looking into allegations of irregularities regarding the elections held in the Crescent City’s Seventh War in 1876.  Allegations concerning voter fraud were a major issue in the South following the Civil War as the “Bourbons” sought to return to power by disenfranchising newly freed slaves and poor whites who would not support them.


    1880(15th of Kislev, 5641): Arthur Lieberman, a Jew who had fled Russia to avoid arrest by the authorities took his own life today in Syracuse, NY.


    1883: It was reported today that the Lord Mayor of London has received telegrams from Jews in the United States and Germany congratulating him on his decision to not let Herr Stoeckel, the anti-Semitic German religious leader speak at Mansion House.


    1883: It was reported today that Herr Stoeckel, the anti-Semitic German minister, has had numerous offers to speak before sympathetic audiences in London.


    1883: “Morris Ranger’s Career” published today traces the rise and fall of this native of Hesse-Cassel who joined the Liverpool Exchange and became the “Napoleon of the Cotton Speculators” before suffering financial reverses in the amount of £10,000,000.


    1883: “Gossip of the Theatres” published today contained a clarification issued by Daniel Frohman, the Jewish American theatrical producer, expects “The Strangler” to run for another seven or eight weeks at the New Park Theatre.  This play is a collaborative effort of all three Frohman brothers - Daniel, Charles and Gustave.


    1884(30thof Cheshvan, 5645): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1884: It was reported today that the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society for Children is providing lodging for “nearly 400 children who are homeless waifs.”


    1884: The Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society for Children sponsored a fund raiser featuring theatrical and dramatic performances by the Thalia Theatre Company


    1885: “A New Jewish Platform” published today lists the 8 points of what will become known as the Pittsburgh Platform of Reform Judaism – that group’s controlling document for decades to come.


    1885: The Hebrew Asylum Ball was held tonight at the Academy of Music in Brooklyn, NY.


    1886: Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States passed away.  Elected as Vice President, Arthur became President after James Garfield was assassinated by a disappointed office seeker.  Arthur was one of the least distinguished personages to occupy the White House. In 1882, when the United States finally ratified the Red Cross treaty, President Arthur appointed Adolphus Simeon Solomons as one of three delegates to represent the country at the Geneva Congress, where he was elected vice-president. Solomons was a successful Washington businessman who played an active role in the secular and Jewish communities


    1888: “Searching For Her Husband” published today tells the story of Mrs. Hirschbeck, a Jew from Warsaw who has arrived in Buffalo, NY, her latest stop on a five year quest to find her husband, who is now known as Nathan Cohen.  According to her, he was a dissipated man who deserted her and their five children.


    1890: A conference of Protestant clergymen met today at the University of the City of New York where attendees spoke in favor of keeping religion out of the public schools because Roman Catholics and Jews “were partners in the public schools” and “their children were entitled to the benefit of them…without the liability of having” to change “their faith in the religion of their fathers.”  The ministers felt it was the responsibility of churches and homes to provide moral and religious training.


    1891: Tonight, in New York, Carnegie Hall will be transformed into an Oriental Bazaar such as those found in Palestine where items will be sold in various “stalls” to raise funds for the Louis Down-Town Sabbath and Daily School.


    1891(17th of Cheshvan, 5652): Eighty-three year old Amalia Bamberger passed away today after which she interred at the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation Cemetery.


    1892 (28th of Cheshvan, 5653)): Seventy-six year old Hebrew scholar Senior Sachs passed away in Paris.  Born in Russia he was trained in Talmud by his father Rabbi Tzemach Sachs.  After studying in Berlin during the 1840’s he arrived in the French capital in 1856 where he worked as a private librarian and produced several works including Kanfe Yonah


    1893: As two more Spanish regiments arrive Mellila to deal with the Rif Berbers “numbers of Jews continue to leave” the Spanish city on the coast of Morocco.


    1893: In Morocco, 12 Spanish Jews were each “sentenced to six years’ penal servitude” after a court martial found them guilty of keeping rifles intended for the Riffians in their houses.  (The Riffians were a group of Berbers who were rebelling against their European masters)


    1894: In New York, Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a talk on “What Is The Attitude of Judaism to Christianity and Other Religions” which is “the first of a series of lectures on ‘Answers to Jewish and Christian Inquirers.”


    1894: The Glasgow Herald published a theory propounded by one of its readers “that the Japanese are…descendants of the ten lost tribes” basing “his arguments on linguistic considerations point out that ‘Hiroshima’ has a very strong resemble to the Hebrew word for Jerusalem and that ‘Tokyo’ may be a corruption of ‘Tekoa.’”


    1895: It was announced today that “Dr. Ahlwardt, the anti-Semitic leader of Berlin, Germany, is making arrangements to sail for the United States next month to deliver lectures”  at the invitation of “a committee of German Americans in Milwaukee.”  Given his nickname “Jew-baiter” there is little doubt as to the subject matter of the talks.


    1896: Fannie and Irving Dittenhoefer married today in New York City.


    1896: In Cleveland, Ohio, Micahelis Machol, the Rabbi at the Reform Temple on Scoville Avenue protested “against that portion of President Cleveland’s Thanksgiving proclamation of Christ as the mediator between man and God.”


    1896: Following today discussion of the Report of the Committee on Motto and Badge and a report of the Committee on the New Constitution, the delegates at the National Council of Jewish Women changed the name of their organization to the Council of Jewish Woman after Mrs. Mendola de Sola of Canada protested “the use of the word national” following which the delegates then adopted “Faith and Humanity” as their motto.


    1897: Auguste Scheurer-Kestner, “who has forced the government to reopen the Dreyfus case did not attend today’s meeting of the Senate so that he could meet with President Faure who told him that “I give you my word of honor that” the documents in the Dreyfus case that have been brought to my notice “contain irrefutable proofs of guilty” and “I beg you to cease this campaign by you are comprising the republic and yourself to no purpose.”


    1897: In Little Rock, AR, “Emanuel V. Benjamin and Rachel Goldsmith” gave birth to the New Orleans educated (Isidore Newman School) Harvard graduate Edward Bernard Benjamin, WWI Army officer and husband of Blanche Sternberger, who was a successful businessman and generous philanthropist.


    1897: In Albany, Chief Examiner Fowler of the State Civil Commission announced that candidates for the upcoming examination of interpreter for the First Judicial District must be able to interpret several languages including “Hebrew jargon.” (This may a reference to Yiddish)


    1897: The Relief Committee of the Board of Guardians is scheduled to meet this afternoon in London.


    1898: William Sparger conducted the Sabbath eve service at Temple Emanu-El which was a prelude to a Thanksgiving Service and a celebration of Dr. Guastav Gottheil’s silver anniversary as the Rabbi of New York’s leading Reform congregation.


    1898: It was reported today that in New Orleans, “Felix J. Dreyfous and several others were to draw up an ordinance calling for an election in the near future which would give the people an opportunity to vote on the two and one-half mill tax for sewerage and drainage” which led to the upgrade of the sewerage and water systems which was the crowning victory during his tenure as a New Orleans City Councilman.


    1898: Following the meeting of Herzl and Kaiser Wilhelm II outside of Jerusalem, the London Daily Mail wrote today that: “An Eastern Surprise Important Result of the Kaiser’s Tour Sultan and Emperor Agreed in Palestine Benevolent Sanction Given to the Zionist Movement One of the most important results, if not the most important, of the Kaiser’s visit to Palestine is the immense impetus it has given to Zionism, the movement for the return of the Jews to Palestine. The gain to this cause is the greater since it is immediate, but perhaps more important still is the wide political influence which this Imperial action is like to have. It has not been generally reported that when the Kaiser visited Constantinople Dr. Herzl, the head of the Zionist movement, was there; again when the Kaiser entered Jerusalem he found Dr. Herzl there. These were no mere coincidences, but the visible signs of accomplished facts.” Reverend William Henry Hechler, an Anglican clergyman who supported the Jewish return to Palestine, was instrumental in arranging the meeting between the Zionist leader and the German monarch.


    1899: Birthdate of Conductor Eugene Ormandy. Born in Budapest, Hungary, Ormandy was a child prodigy.  He began playing the violin at the age of 4 and entered the Royal Academy at the age of 5.  Ormandy’s father dreamed of his son becoming a great violinist.  So he was disappointed when Ormandy pursued a career that would lead him to become one of the world’s greatest conductors.  For most of his career, Ormandy was the conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra.  This was no small accomplishment since he was following in the footsteps of the world-renowned Arturo Toscanini.   He passed away in 1985.


    1899: “Notes and News” published today described the decision of Harper & Brothers to published a second edition of The Jewish Question and the Mission of the Jews  which include “much additional material” including an article on Captain Dreyfus. Originally published anonymously, the second edition will included the name of the author, Dr. Charles Waldstein, Slade Professor of Fine Arts at Cambridge, an American born Jew who graduated from Columbia.


    1901: Birthdate of leading musician Lillian Fuchs who often performed with brothers, violinist Joseph Fuchs and cellist Harry Fuchs.



    1905: “A tract of eighteen acres” was purchased for new buildings at the Hebrew Union College.


    1905: Cyrus L. Sulzberger, Secretary of the fund being raised by the National Relief Committee said this afternoon that “if the subscriptions now in the mail equal in volume those of the last few days we out by tomorrow night have $500,000 to apply to the relief of the sufferers from the massacres in Russia.”


    1905: A letter published in Paris from a Frenchwoman in Odessa gave “a graphic description of the Jewish massacres” in which she estimated the dead at 8,000 and the wounded at 12,000.


    1905: “Arnold Kohn, Vice President of the State Bank on Grand Street, near Norfolk Street announced” today” that the total amount of money received at the bank for the last six days for the aid of the sufferers from the Russian massacres was $13, 359.38.”


    1905: Nineteen year old Isaac Gillman and his twenty year old sister Rebecca who came to the United States two years ago gave their bankbook which showed a balance of one hundred dollars to Arnold Kohn and “asked him to see that their mother and father who are in Odessa received the money so that they might come to America.


    1905: As of today a grand total of $369, 870.04 has been raised to for the relief of the Jews suffering from the massacres in Russia.


    1905: “The Russian Jews” published today provides a review of The Russian Jew In The United States edited by Dr. Charles S. Bernheimer which “is a compilation by many hand that undertakes to show what the Russian Jews have been doing and are doing in America…”


    1905: “25,000 Jew Murdered” published today described “a cablegram that Clarence I. De Sola, President of the Zionist movement in Canada has received from General President Wolssohn of Odessa” stating “that 25,000 Jews have been murdered and 100,000 wounded in the recent outrages in Russia.”


    1906: Birthdate of German novelist Klaus Mann.  Klaus Mann was the son of Thomas Mann and Katia Pringsheimz.  Pringshmeimz was Jewish which according to Halachah means Kalus Mann was Jewish as well. He was also part of the unit known as “Ritchie Boys.”


    1906: Birthdate of biologist George Wald, American biochemist who received (with Haldan K. Hartline of the U.S. and Ragnar Granit of Sweden) the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1967 for his work on the chemistry of vision


    1906: In Brooklyn, Leopold Wintner, the Rabbi Emeritus of Congregation Beth Elohim and Canto Leon Kourick officiated at the funeral of Raphael Benjamin the Rabbi of Beth Elhoim who was the subject of the eulogy delivered by Rabbi Joseph Silverman of Temple Beth Emmanuel in Manhattan.


    1907: Birthdate of Martin John Gilman, a relative of the Jewish pioneer who founded his native Gilman, CT who played basketball for the University of Connecticut Huskies in the mid-1920’s.


    1907: A Memphis, The Tennessee Volunteers coached by Izzy Levene defeated the football team from the University of Arkansas.


    1908: In Warsaw, Hebrew education and Zionist Yechiel Heilperin and his wife gave birth to Uriel Heilprin who went to Palestine in 1921 where he changed his last name to Shelah but was better known by his nom de plume Yonatan Ratosh under which name he was awarded the Prime Minister’s Prize for his literary accomplishments.


    1912: In Baltimore, MD, Rabbi Charles A. Rubenstein officiated at the funeral of Felix Graetz, who had been a patient at the Jewish Home for the Consumptive and was “the son of the late Professor Heinrich Graetz,” the author of the multi-volume History of the Jews and the brother of Professor Leo Graetz.


    1914: In Far Rockaway, NY Rabbi Stephen S. Wise addressed a group of orthodox and reform Jews at meeting at Temple Israel where $3,000 was raised to provide “relief for the Jews of Palestine.”


    1914: The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War announced today that as of today it had raised $19,463.


    1915: “Turkey Is Offering Advantages To Jews” published today quotes the offer being extended to Jews which will give them “the advantages and exemptions” that “during the last century the Ottoman Government has accorded to Mohammedan immigrants come to Turkey from Russia, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia and Bosnia including “the acquisition of Ottoman nationality” as well as “immunity for a certain period of time, from payment of taxes and military.”


    1915: Forty-four year old Abraham Ber Goldenson, the Lithuanian born St. Louis Rabbi “became a naturalized United States citizen” today.


    1915: In his address about the World War entitled “Democracy vs. Sovereignty” Darwin P. Kingsley note that in this war nationalism has overridden all other considerations so that “Christians are fights Christians; Jews are killing Jews; Moslems are against Moslems; whites are murdering whites; men of color are fighting their own kind.”


    1916: The Battle of the Somme, an exercise in futility and stupidity that was a hallmark of the British General Staff which is brilliantly described in The Somme: Heroism and Horror in the First World War by Sir Martin Gilbert, came to an end today.


    1916: Today, Jewish leaders in New York City took a great deal of interest in “a dispatch to the New York Times from its Berlin correspondent describing the promise of freedom in religion and in civil life to the Jews of Poland and telling of the enthusiasm with which Polish Jews had received this news.”


    1916: Dr. S.M. Melamed, the editor of The American Jewish Chronicle announced today plans for a national loan for the Jews of Europe that differed from that proposed by Rabbi Judah L. Magnes because among other things it would charge interest – a fact that Melamed said “would create a sense of self-interest and responsibility that would be an uplift in the work of reconstruction in Russia and Poland.”


    1917: At a time when Reform Judaism is trying to observe Shabbat on Sunday, Dr. Emil G. Hirsch is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Philanthropy and Religion” at Sinai Temple in Chicago.


    1917: Rabbi Joseph Stolz is scheduled to conduct services this morning “with the co-operation of the Isaiah Junior Congregation and Religious School where he will deliver a sermon on “And the Elder Shall Serve the Younger.”


    1917: In Chicago the “Zion Congregation and the Woman’s Society” are scheduled to “give a reception and entertainment in honor of their new members” this evening that will feature a performance of “The Burden” by the Sinai Center Players.


    1917: In the hope of ensuring that the Ottoman army had little time to regroup or construct defenses which, given more time, might prove impregnable, while Allenby was at the British XXI Corps headquarters at El Kastine,  the decision was made to closely follow the Ottoman Seventh Army into the Judean Hills.


    1917: Saul J. Cohn is scheduled to speak on “What the recent British Declaration Means to the Jews” before the Harlem Forum at Wadleigh High School this morning.


    1917: “Denouncing a false reports in the European and American newspapers that Jews were leading and support the Bolshevik movement in Russia, Herman Bernstein, in an address before the Institutional Synagogue…declared” today “that the attempt to associate the Jews with the Bolsheviki was merely another expression of anti-Semitic propaganda.”


    1917: Yale University Professor William Lyon Phelps is scheduled to speak on “The Drama of Today” at this morning’s service at the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall.


    1917: This evening, Henri La Fotanine is scheduled to speak on “The Case for Belgium” at the Sunday Evening Forum of the Free Synagogue.


    1917: This evening, “three orphan boys who are wards of the Hebrew National Orphan House” are scheduled to the guests of honor “at a dinner arranged by the Ladies’ Auxiliary of the House at Beethoven Hall.”


    1917: The 75th Division with the Australian and Yeomanry Mounted Divisions began their entry into the Judean Hills with the objective of capturing and securing the heights on either side of the main Jaffa to Jerusalem road at Amwas, so the 75th Division could advance up the road and into the Judean Hills


    1917: The American Jewish Congress” which is to work “for the attainment of full rights for the Jewish people in all lands where such rights are denied them and which is to work for the economic reconstruction of the Jewish communities in the war zones after the war is over” which was originally supposed to meet on September 2 is scheduled to open today in Washington, D.C


    1917: Eleven young men in West Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, founded Sigma Alpha Rho(ΣAP)  the oldest, continuously run, independent Jewish High School Fraternity.


    1919(25th of Cheshvan, 5680): Sixty year old German mathematician Adolf Hurwitz, the husband of Ida Samuel who helped develop the Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion (which I do not pretend to understand) passed away today in Zurich


    1920: In Louisville, KY, The Young Men’s Hebrew three day fund raising driving which has a goal of $50,000 is scheduled to come to an end today.


    1921: “President Warren Harding gave Rabbi Simon Glazer of Kansas City, Kansas, executive permission to adopt five children who are now in Romania.” Glazer already has five children of his own.  The orphans lost their mother in one of the Ukrainian massacres last year and their father died in the United States.  If it had not been for President Harding’s intervention, current immigration restrictions would have kept the rabbi from bringing the youngsters to the United States.


    1921(17th of Cheshvan): Fifty-six year old journalist and author Micha Josef Berdyczewski passed away in Berlin.  Born in Russia, the son of a Rabbi, he wrote in Hebrew, Yiddish and German. Sdot Micha, the moshav founded in 1955, was named in his honor


    1922:  Fifty-one year old Marcel Proust passed away. “Marcel Proust was the son of a Christian father and a Jewish mother. He himself was baptized (on August 5, 1871, at the church of Saint-Louis d'Antin) and later confirmed as a Catholic, but he never practiced that faith and as an adult could best be described as a mystical atheist, someone imbued with spirituality who nonetheless did not believe in a personal God, much less in a savior. Although Jews trace their religion through their mothers, Proust never considered himself Jewish and even became vexed when a newspaper article listed him as a Jewish author. His father once warned him not to stay in a certain hotel since there were "too many" Jewish guests there, and, to be sure, in Remembrance of Things Past there are unflattering caricatures of the members of one Jewish family, the Blochs. Jews were still considered exotic, even "oriental," in France; in 1872 there were only eighty-six thousand Jews in the whole country. In a typically offensive passage Proust writes that in a French drawing room "a Jew making his entry as though he were emerging from the desert, his body crouching like a hyena's, his neck thrust forward, offering profound `salaams,' completely satisfies a certain taste for the oriental." Proust never refers to his Jewish origins in his fiction, although in the youthful novel he abandoned, Jean Santeuil (first published only in 1952, thirty years after his death), there is a very striking, if buried, reference to Judaism. The autobiographical hero has quarreled with his parents and in his rage deliberately smashed a piece of delicate Venetian glass his mother had given him. When he and his mother are reconciled, he tells her what he has done: "He expected that she would scold him, and so revive in his mind the memory of their quarrel. But there was no cloud upon her tenderness. She gave him a kiss, and whispered in his ear: `It shall be, as in the Temple, the symbol of an indestructible union.'" This reference to the rite of smashing a glass during the Orthodox Jewish wedding ceremony, in this case sealing the marriage of mother to son, is not only spontaneous but chilling. In an essay about his mother he referred, with characteristic ambiguity, to "the beautiful lines of her Jewish face, completely marked with Christian sweetness and Jansenist resignation, turning her into Esther herself"--a reference, significantly, to the heroine of the Old Testament (and of Racine's play), who concealed her Jewish identity until she had become the wife of King Ahasuerus and was in a position to save her people. The apparently gentile Proust, who had campaigned for Dreyfus and had been baptized Catholic, was a sort of modern Esther. Despite Proust's silences and lapses on the subject of his mother's religion, it would be unfair, especially in light of the rampant anti-Semitism of turn-of-the-century France, to say that he was unique or even extreme in his prejudice against Jews. And yet his anti-Semitism is more than curious, given his love for his mother and given, after her death, something very much like a religious cult that he developed around her. His mother, out of respect for her parents, had remained faithful to their religion, and Proust revered her and her relatives; after her death he regretted that he was too ill to visit her grave and the graves of her parents and uncle in the Jewish cemetery and to mark each visit with a stone. More important, although he had many friends among the aristocracy whom he had assiduously cultivated, nevertheless when he was forced to take sides during the Dreyfus Affair, which had begun in 1894 and erupted in 1898, he chose to sign a petition prominently printed in a newspaper calling for a retrial. The Dreyfus Affair is worth a short detour, since it split French society for many years and it became a major topic in proust's life--and in Remembrance of Things Past. Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935) was a Jew and a captain in the French army. In December 1894 he was condemned by a military court for having sold military secrets to the Germans and was sent for life to Devil's Island. The accusation was based on the evidence of a memorandum stolen from the German embassy in Paris (despite the fact that the writing did not resemble Dreyfus's) and of a dossier (which was kept classified and secret) handed over to the military court by the minister of war. In 1896 another French soldier, Major Georges Picquart, proved that the memorandum had been written not by Dreyfus but by a certain Major Marie Charles Esterhazy. Yet Esterhazy was acquitted and Picquart was imprisoned. Instantly a large part of the population called for a retrial of Dreyfus. On January 13, 1898, the writer Emile Zola published an open letter, "J'accuse," directed against the army's general staff; Zola was tried and found guilty of besmirching the reputation of the army. He was forced to flee to England. Then in September 1898 it was proved that the only piece of evidence against Dreyfus in the secret military dossier had been faked by Joseph Henry, who confessed his misdeed and committed suicide. At last the government ordered a retrial of Dreyfus. Public opinion was bitterly divided between the leftist Dreyfusards, who demanded "justice and truth," and the anti-Dreyfusards, who led an anti-Semitic campaign, defended the honor of the army, and rejected the call for a retrial. The conflict led to a virtual civil war. In 1899 Dreyfus was found guilty again, although this time under extenuating circumstances--and the president pardoned him. Only in 1906 was Dreyfus fully rehabilitated, named an officer once again, and decorated with the Legion of Honor. Interestingly, Theodor Herzl, the Paris correspondent for a Viennese newspaper, was so overwhelmed by the virulent anti-Semitism of the Dreyfus Affair that he was inspired by the prophetic idea of a Jewish state. In defending Dreyfus, Proust not only angered conservative, Catholic, pro-army aristocrats, but he also alienated his own father. In writing about the 1890s in Remembrance of Things Past, Proust remarks that "the Dreyfus case was shortly to relegate the Jews to the lowest rung of the social ladder." Typically, the ultraconservative Gustave Schlumberger, a great Byzantine scholar, could give in his posthumous memoirs as offensive a description of his old friend Charles Haas (a model for Proust's character Swann) as this: "The delightful Charles Haas, the most likeable and glittering socialite, the best of friends, had nothing Jewish about him except his origins and was not afflicted, as far as I know, with any of the faults of his race, which makes him an exception virtually unique." It would be misleading to suggest that Proust took his controversial, pro-Dreyfus stand simply because he was half-Jewish. No, he was only obeying the dictates of his conscience, even though he lost many highborn Catholic friends by doing so and exposed himself to the snide anti-Semitic accusation of merely automatically siding with his co-religionists.”




    1922: Die Zaubernacht (The Magic Night), a children’s pantomime by Kurt Weil premiered at the Theater am Kurfürstendamm;


    1926: In Cleveland, Barnett Brickner, the Rabbi at Anshe Chesed and Rebecca Ena Aaronson gave birth to Arthur James Balfour Brickner who gained fame as Rabbi Balfour Brickner the founder of Washington, D.C. Temple Sinai, one of the city’s leading Reform congregation whose members included Dr. Jack and Ada Levine and their three children – Judy, Dale and Nancy.”



    1926: In Manchester, UK, Nelly Ades and Abraham Sciama, both of whose families “traced their roots back to the ancient Jewish community of Aleppo, gave girth to physicist Dennis William Siahous Sciama



    1927: Birthdate of Chicagoan Paul Silverberg, the son of teacher and writer Viola Spolin who gained fame as Paul Sills the “founding director of The Second City. (As reported by Campbell Robertson_



    1927: In Breslau, Germany, Hans Hubert Pinkus, the son of Max and Hedwig Pinkus and Charlotte Pinkus gave birth to Freda Maria (Freddie) Pinkus and Johanna Hedwig (Jonnie) Pinkus


    1927: Humphrey Bogart divorced his first wife, the Jewish actress Helen Menken.  (Bogart’s fourth and final wife would also be Jewish)


    1928: WABC is scheduled to broadcast the thirty minute “Jewish Program” at 9:30 p.m.


    1928: In his sermon this morning at the Motefiore Congregation in the Bronx, Rabbi Jacob Katz declared that “America is the first country to give the Jews an opportunity to change their religion for the better” which stood in stark contrast to past times when “persecution led the Jew to submit to death rather than to transgress his faith.”


    1929: Featherweight Harry Blitman fought his 51st bout today, suffering only his third loss at the Arena in Philadelphia, PA.


    1929: According to the report of the Palestine Committee presented at today’s meeting of Hadassah held in Atlantic City, NJ, “the outstanding event in Palestine heal work this year has been the completion an formal opening of the Nathan and Lina Straus health center in Jerusalem.”


    1933: “Roberta,” a musical with a score by Jerome Kern opened at the New Amsterdam Theatre for the first of 295 performances.


    1936: It was reported today that the police did not intervene when Jewish students were attacked by anti-Semitic and fascist mobs after they refused to leave their classes at the University of Budapest.


    1936: Two weeks after meeting with Hitler, Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber, the archbishop of Munich, “met with leading members of the German hierarchy of cardinals to ask them to warn their parishioners against the errors of communism.”


    1937: Establishment of military courts in Palestine to try civilians. 


    1937: The Palestine Post reported that a Jewish farmer, Yehuda Shpanov, was shot in Afula and died four hours later in the local hospital, where his wife was awaiting the birth of their child. An official amendment held that "no judgment over the proceedings of the Military Court shall be called in question or challenged in any manner whatever by or before any other Court."


    1937:  The Palestine Post reported that in Hamburg a baptized Jew, Dr. Theodor Wohlfahrt, was sentenced to 10 years penal servitude for having married a gentile and claiming in a German court that it was his right to do so.


    1938: Hitler recalls Hans Heinrich Dieckhoff, German ambassador to the United States, after President Franklin Roosevelt recalled the U.S. ambassador to Germany as part of America’s protest against Kristallnacht.


    1938: The American Virgin Islands Assembly offers the islands as a haven for Jewish refugees. The American government does not explore this possibility.


    1939: Hans Frank, the governor-general of Occupied Poland, reiterates Reinhard Heydrich's order of September 21 regarding the establishment of Judenräte in Jewish ghettos.


    1939: The Nazis ordered the Jews of Cracow to wear a Star of David.


    1939: In Lodz, German-occupied Poland today, the German administrator issued a decree stating that “any Jew leaving his home without a special permit between 5 P.M. and 8 A.M. may be punished by death” and “also made punishable by death the failure of any Jew, irrespective of age or sex to wear a yellow armband. In case of extenuating circumstance, a money fine of unlimited sixe or imprisonment or both may be adjudged.”


    1939: At Michie Stadium at West Point, NY Penn State led by their Team Captain Spike Alter defeated the team of the United States Military Academy.


    1939(6thof Kislev, 5700): Sixty-seven year old Dr. Jacob Itzhak Niemirower  a supporter of Zionism and the first Chief Rabbi of Romanian Jewry passed away today in Bucharest.


    1941: J.D. Salinger “wrote to a young woman in Toronto,” Marjorie Sheard, “to look for a new piece of his in a coming issue of The New Yorker” which he described as “the first Holden story.” (As reported by Dave Itzkoff


    1941: Friedrich Jeckeln, the SS General who developed the 8 point Jecklin System for murdering Jews was searching for the right place to slaughter of the Jews of Riga when he saw Rumbula for the first time.


    1942:  Birthdate of pianist Jeffrey Siegel.


    1942(9thof Kislev, 5703): Seventy-six year old Miltron Kraus, a native of Kokomo, Indiana who organized a company of volunteers for the Spanish-American War and served in the 65th, 66th and 67th Congresses passed away today in Wabash, Indiana after which he was buried in Peru, Indiana.


    1942: As part of the Holocaust German SS carry out a selection of Jewish ghetto in Lviv in the western Ukraine arresting 5.000 "unproductive Jews". All get deported to Belzec death camp.


    1943: In an attempt to hide the Holocaust from the westward moving Soviet Army, 300 Jews at Borki were told  that they were to dig up the trenches of 30,000 dead humans in Borki and then burn them all. One thousand bodies were placed on each pyre. The bones were ground to dust and taken away. The graves were emptied, disinfected, filled with earth and grass was planted over them.


    1943: During the Holocaust, as part of Aktion Emtefest, the Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lviv, western Ukraine, murdering at least 6.000 surviving Jews. The German SS leader Fritz Katzman declares Lviv (Lemberg) to be Judenfrei(free from the Jews).


    1944(2nd of Kislev, 5705): Thirty nine year old  Enzo Serini, Havivah Reik, Raffi Reiss and Zvi Ben Ya'acov who were all Jews from Palestine who had parachuted behind German lines were murdered today at Dachau.


    1944(2nd of Kislev, 5705): Alfred B. Nietzel died valiantly today during the Battle of Hurtgen Forest providing covering fire for his comrades “during an enemy advance threatening to overrun his position” – an action that would earn him the Distinguished Service Cross and the Medal of Honor.



    1945: “The premiere performance of Nathaniel Shilkret’s “Genesis Suite” took place today at the Wilshire Ebell Theatre in Los Angeles.


    1945:At Zionist Organization of America meeting, Dr. Abba Hillel Silver is elected to succeed Dr. Israel Goldstein as president. A proposal is made to allow the Jewish National Fund of America to buy 500,000 acres of land in Palestine in defiance of British land transfer regulations. A budget is approved for immigration and settlement.


    1945: In the wake of the latest British statements about Palestine it was reported today that “It was apparent that some sort of compromise will have to be forthcoming from outside Palestine as there is little possibility of the Arabs and Jews getting together on anything so far proposed.” (Editor’s Note – what was written in 1945 sounds as if it could have been written in 2012)


    1945: Twenty eight year old basketball player Jule Rivlin, the future coach of Marshall University, married Esther Komesar, a union that lasted until his death in 2002 and produced “5 children, 1 son, Jerry and 4 daughters, Randy, Sherryl, Susan and Felicia.”


    1945: Dr. Chaim Weizmann, president of Jewish Agency and World Zionist Organization, says British foreign minister Ernest Bevin cannot divide Zionists and other Jewish People.


    1946: Police and Jewish citizens clash in Tel Aviv


    1946: “A Flag is Born” opened at the Broadway Theatre.


    1947: “Stern Gang Hints at Truce” published today examined the possibility of “a respite from violence in Palestine” should among other things Lehi make good on its announcement to the press that it was “ready to resume its truce pledge.”


    1947: Birthdate of Peter Shurman, the native of Ontario who went from being a radio talk show host to a career in politics as member of the Progressive Conservative Party.


    1947: Birthdate of Michel-Jean Hamburger, a very successful French singer and songwriter of Jewish origin.


    1947: “Lewis Neikrug, the director general for Europe of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society” who “was among the 400 passengers who sailed from Pier 88, North River, for Europe on the French liner De Grasse” said that “the projected partitioning of Palestine can ease considerably the problem of displaced persons of Europe.”


    1947: British editor James Caunt was reported today to have expressed his belief that the accusations of seditious libel that had been filed after his assertions that anti-British propaganda “was financed by American Jews and “that if British Jews were really concerned by the shooting of British boys in Palestine they should ‘disgorge their ill-gotten wealth in try to dissuade their brothers in the United States from pour out dollars to facilitate the entrance into Palestine of European Jewish scum’” were politically motivated by those who believe that “anyone who criticizes the Jews must be a Fascist.”


    1948:British state minister Hector McNeil offers the Political Committee a resolution calling for permanent settlement based on Bernadotte plan. Israel proposes compromise: it will withdraw all troops who arrived in Israel after October 14; troops who arrived before October 14 will stay to ensure that area does not fall to Egypt. Israel announces it is ready to begin armistice with Arabs.


    1949:UN Economic Survey Mission for the Middle East proposes after a three-month study that the General Assembly set up program of relief and public works in various Arab countries for 652,000 Arab refugees from Palestine. No comparable fund would be suggested for providing aid to Israel when Jewish populations of Arab and Moslem countries were forced to flee from their homes.


    1950: The CCNY football team played its last game today at Lewisohn Stadium name for “financier and philanthropist Adolph Lewisohn” who “donated the money for the combination athletic facility and amphitheater which opened in 1915 and fell victim to the wrecking ball in 1973.


    1950: After 742 performances at the Morosco Theater, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of Arthur Miller’s “Death of a Salesman.”


    1951: In Tel Aviv, second generation architect Yaakov Rechter and his first wife, Sara Safir gave birth to Israeli musical artist Yoni Rechtet, the stepson of Israeli actress Hanna Meron.


    1951: Birthdate of David “Dudu” Fisher, the native of Petah Tivka who pursued a decade’s long career as a cantor before appearing as “Jean Valjean in the musical Les Miserables.”


    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that observers noted Arab protests over the German-Israeli Reparation Agreement were meant only to extort more trade and imports from their countries to Germany.


    1952(30thof Cheshvan, 5713): Seventy-seven year old John Parker an English Jew who was the “editor of reference works” passed away today.


    1953: As he eight years as New York City comptroller were coming to an end, Lazarus Joseph was quoted by the New York Times as warning the citizenry “"that it is easy to borrow, but the reckoning always must be met in the expense budget, and by the taxpayer” – words that seemed to be prophetic when the city went bankrupt in the 1970’s.


    1954: Terence William Leighton MacDermot began serving as Canada’s Ambassador to Israel.


    1954: “The Last Time I Saw Paris” a romantic company directed by Richard Brooks who wrote the screenplay along with Julius and Philip Epstein, filmed by cinematographer Joseph Rutten with a theme song by  composer Jerome Kern and lyricist Oscar Hammerstein II was released in the United States today by MGM,


    1955(3rd of Kislev, 5716): Sixty-five year old chess master Solomon Rosenthal passed away today.


    1956: After finally winning their second game of the season last Sunday, Sid Gillman’s Los Angeles Rams returned to their losing ways by dropping a game to the Chicago Bears.


    1956: In case of “Jew on Jew,” Alfred Kazin reviews Saul Bellow’s most recent book, Seize the Day.


    1958: The Assistant United States Attorney that the $4,790.44 that Charles A. Levine still owed the government as part of a $5,000 fine levied after he was convicted of smuggling in 1937 was not collectible.


    1958: “I Want to Live!” a dark film that raises questions about capital punishment co-starring Theodore Bikel and with a theme-song by Johnny Mandel was released today in the United States.


    1958: Jerusalem's new reservoir was opened ending a long history of water problems that made Jerusalem more vulnerable to siege.  Water for Jerusalem had been a challenge going all the way back to Biblical times.  Remember the story of how David took the city in the first place.  Fear of siege was not paranoia for the Israelis.  The Jews had nearly lost the city ten years earlier when the Jordanian Army (the Arab Legion) laid siege to it during the War for Independence.


    1959(17thof Cheshvan, 5720): Sixty-one year old Arkady Shaiket, who like Robert Capa and Joe Rosenthal was another Jewish photojournalist who provided iconic WW II photographs



    1959: “A Summer Place” a movie version of the novel with the same name contains “a memorable instrumental theme composed by Max Steiner, which spent nine weeks at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1960” was released the United States today.


    1959: William Wyler’s film Ben-Hur premieres at Loew's Theater in New York City. William Wyler was Jewish.  Judah Ben Hur was also Jewish.


    1959: Opening of the Sephardic Bibliographical Exhibition in Madrid, Spain.  The Exhibition was in conjunction with the World Sephardi Federation, Arias Montano Institute, the faculty of Philosophy of the Madrid University as well as the Royal Academy of Spanish Language. The Exhibition demonstrated rare Sephardic documents, books, maps and material showing the life of Jews in Spain up to 1492.


    1961: “The Gay Life,” a musical based on the plays of Arthur Schnitzler “with a book by Fay and Michael Kanin,” “music by Arthur Schwartz,” directed by Gerald Freeman and featuring Jules Munshin opened today on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre.


    1962: Niels Henrik David Bohr passed away. “Bohr was a Danish physicist, born in Copenhagen, who was the first to apply the quantum theory, which restricts the energy of a system to certain discrete values, to the problem of atomic and molecular structure. For this work he received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922. He developed the so-called Bohr Theory of the atom and liquid model of the nucleus. Bohr was of Jewish origin and when the Nazis occupied Denmark he escaped in 1943 to Sweden on a fishing boat. From there he was flown to England where he began to work on the project to make a nuclear fission bomb. After a few months he went with the British research team to Los Alamos in the USA where they continued work on the project.”


    1962: “Some 1, 000 persons attended a special service at Temple Emanuel here today, marking the 30th year in the rabbinate of Dr. Nathan A. Perilman, rabbi of the temple, the largest house of Jewish worship in the world. The service observed the 30th year of Dr. Perilman’s affiliation with the Temple.”


    1964: In London, UK, Neil Simon’s “Little Me” opened at the Cambridge Theatre.


    1964: NBC broadcast “The Hanged Man” directed by Don Siegel, co-starring Norman Fell and featuring Stan Getz who also wrote the music for the first time.


    1966: Sandy Koufax announces his retirement, due to an arthritic left elbow


    1968(27thof Cheshvan, 5729): Seventy-four year old movie producer Walter Wagner who was responsible for the 1963 big screen epic “Cleopatra” based away today.




    1969: “The Arrangement” the movie version of the novel with the same name starring Kirk Douglas and featuring Harold Gould with a score by David Amram was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.


    1971(30th of Cheshvan, 5732): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1971: ITV broadcast the “The Best Laid Plans, the last episode of “The Lovers” a British sitcom created by Jack Rosenthal who also served as the writer and director.


    1973: “David Ben-Gurion suffered a cerebral hemorrhage, and was taken to Sheba Medical Center in Tel HaShomer, Ramat Gan.”


    1973: Sixty year old Sir Gerald David Nunes Nabarro, the scion of a prominent of Sephardi family who converted to Christianity passed away today.


    1973: Rebbetzin Esther Jungreis delivered a speech today at Madison Square Garden that led to the formation of “Hineni,” “one of the first Ba’al Teshuva movements.


    1974: An analytical report compiled by refuseniks M. Agursky, A.  Luntz, V. Davidov, V. Rubin, D. Beilin, A. Voronel, A. Sharansky, V. Slepak, A. Lerner was transferred to the West. The report was submitted to the administration of President Ford on the eve of the summit between Ford and Brezhnev in Vladivostok.


    1975: “Alexander Silnitsky, a 23 year old student from Krasnodar, was sentenced to three years imprisonment on charges of draft evasion.”


    1976(25thof Cheshvan, 5737): Sixty-six year old “Louis G. Cowan the former President of CBS” and his wife 63 year old Pauline Cowan were killed today when “a fire swept through their apartment in the Westbury Hotel.”



    1976(25th of Cheshvan, 5737): Eighty-six year old American born artist Man Ray passed away in Paris.




    1976: Refuseniks held a sit-in demonstration at the Supreme Court demanding an answer to a letter filed by them a month earlier. In the evening, participants were detained, taken into the woods and released.


    1977: Seventy-nine year old Kurt Schuschnigg the Austrian chancellor who opposed Hitler’s annexation of his country and spent the war in two different concentration camps passed away today.


    1977: Longtime feminist activist and U.S. Representative Bella Abzug presided over the first federally funded National Women's Conference.


    1977: The Jerusalem Postreported that 60 Egyptians and 2,000 journalists arrived in order to prepare the historic visit of the Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Israel. Chaim Herzog, the Israeli Ambassador to the UN, suggested that the General Assembly suspend the "acrimonious and counterproductive" debate on Palestine in order to be able to consider this historic event. It was also reported that Sadat¹s visit was partly prompted by a question that the Post¹s US correspondent, Wolf Blitzer, had asked Sadat in Washington last April.


    1978(18th of Cheshvan, 5739): Judge Leo Frederick Rayfiel passed away.  Born in 1888 to immigrant parents in Brooklyn, he was a graduate of New York University Law School.  He was a member of the New York State Assembly and served two terms as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives before being appointed to the federal bench by President Harry S. Truman in 1947. Rayfiel was a voracious reader and die-hard Dodgers fan until the team left Brooklyn.


    1983(12thof Kislev, 5744): Eight-three actor Marcel Dalio passed away today.



    1983(12thof Kislev, 5744): Ninety-one year old publisher, George B. Eisler passed away today.



    1986: “An extended version of” Billy Joel’s “Big Man on Mulberry Street was used today on an episode of Moonlighting”


    1988: In Tel Aviv, Orly Silbersatz and Yuval Banay gave birth to singer and guitarist Elisha Banai, older brother of Amalia and Sophie Banai and the grandson of another Israeli performer Yossi Banai.


    1988: In New York City, Wendy Wasserstein’s “The Heidi Chronicles” premiered at the Playwrights Horizon.


    1990(1st of Kislev, 5751): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1990: The third Broadway revival of Fiddler on the Roof opened today at the Gershwin Theater. It ran for 241 performances at the George Gershwin Theatre. Topol starred as Tevye, and Marcia Lewis was Golde. Robbins' production was reproduced by Ruth Mitchell and choreographer Sammy Dallas Bayes. The production won the Tony Award for Best Revival.


    1991(11thof Kislev, 5752): Eighty-three year old French Marxist Claude Cahen who has been described as “the  doyen of Islamic social history and one of the most influential Islamic historians of [his] century” and who “neither self-identified as Jewish nor supported the State of Israel” passed away today.


    1993(4thof Kislev, 5754): Ninety-three year old German born American character Fritz Feld passed away today.



    1999: The 1999 Trophée Lalique, a figure skating competition held in Paris, in which Galit Chait and Sergei Sakhnovski represented Israel in the ice dancing competition opened today.


    2000(3rd of Kislev, 5762):St.-Sgt. Baruch (Snir) Flum, 21, of Tel-Aviv was shot and killed by a senior Palestinian Preventive Security Service officer who infiltrated the Kfar Darom greenhouses in the Gaza Strip.


    2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including The Complete Works of Isaac Babel:  Edited by Nathalie Babel, Translated by Peter Constantine. Introduction by Cynthia Ozick, Somewhere For Me:
    A Biography of Richard Rodgers
    by Meryle Secrest, Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions by Martha C. Nussbaum, Interrogations: The Nazi Elite in Allied Hands, 1945by Richard Overy and I’m Not Bobby by Jules Feiffer.


    2002(13th of Kislev, 5763) Esther Galia, 48, of Kochav Hashahar, was killed in a shooting attack near Rimonim, on the Allon Road, some 15 kilometers northeast of Ramallah


    2002: During the investigation of Jack Abramoff’s business activities in Guam a grand jury issued a subpoena demanding that the administrator of the Guam Superior Court release all records relating to the contract.


    2002: “U.S. District Judge Myron Thompson of Montgomery, Alabama, orders the removal of Roy Moore's Ten Commandments monument, finding that it violated the constitution's ban on government establishment of religion.”


    2003(23rd of Cheshvan, 5764: Fifty-five year old Grammy award winning musician Michael Kamen passes away. While studying the oboe, he formed a rock classical fusion band called New York Rock & Roll Ensemble, which was on the first of Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts with the New York Philharmonic.




    2003(23rd of Cheshvan, 5764): Two IDF soldiers, Sgt.-Maj. Shlomi Belsky, 23, of Haifa, and St.-Sgt. Shaul Lahav, 20, of Kibbutz Shomrat, were killed by a Palestinian terrorist who opened fire with an AK-47 assault rifle, hidden in a prayer rug, at a checkpoint on the tunnel bypass road, linking Jerusalem and the Gush Etzion bloc. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.


    2004(5th of Kislev, 5765): Cy Coleman,American composer, songwriter, and jazz pianist passed away.  Born Seymour Kaufman, to Jewish immigrant parents, Coleman won or was nominated for 15 Tony Awards, 3 Emmy Awards and 2 Grammy Awards. (As reported by Robert Berkvist)



    2005(15th of Cheshvan, 5766): Harold J. Stone passed away. Born Harold Hochstein to a Jewish acting family in 1913, Stone practiced his craft on Broadway, in film and finally in television where he gained respect and a form of fame as “a character actor.” 



    2005: The Jerusalem Post reported that Pope Benedict XVI responded positively to an invitation extended to him by President Moshe Katsav when the two met at the Vatican. 


    2006: Some eight thousand people gathered near Germany's biggest World War II soldiers’ cemetery to protest against far-right extremism.


    2006(27th of Cheshvan, 5767: Jack Werber passed away at the age of 92.  He was a Holocaust survivor who helped save more than 700 children at Buchenwald slave labor camp.  He gained economic success in the mid-fifties by manufacturing coonskin caps during the Davey Crockett craze.


    2007: The SundayWashington Post book section featured a review of The Conscience of a Liberal by Jewish economist Paul Krugman


    2007: The Sunday New York Times book section featured reviews of three books about or by comedian Woody Allen including, Conversations with Woody Allen: His Films, the Movies, and Moviemaking by Eric Lax, Mere Anarchy by Woody Allen and The Insanity Defense: The Complete Proseby Woody Allen.


    2007: The Chicago Tribune business section reported on the growth of Chicago based Levy Restaurants. Since its founding in 1978 by brothers Larry and Mark Levy, Levy Restaurants has grown from a single delicatessen in Chicago to a specialized, industry-leading food organization with a network of internationally acclaimed restaurants; the leading market share of premium foodservice operations at sports and entertainment facilities; as well as a full-service consulting and advisory services group. The keeper of the Company’s precious culture is Eadie Levy, mother of Larry and Mark, and resident Mom to almost 15,000 team members. Her story is simple, but it’s one filled with a passion for great food and a love for making people happy. When her two sons opened a delicatessen called D.B. Kaplan’s in Chicago’s Water Tower Place in 1978, they thought they had everything under control. That is, until their ambitious investment started to struggle a bit. Their rescue strategy? They called their mother, Eadie. At the time, she was living in St. Louis and her cooking skills were considered a work-in-progress, being that she didn’t even learn to cook until she was married. But as any mother would do, she came to the rescue of her two sons. Eadie moved to Chicago and immediately became involved in the deli operations, starting in the kitchen. Many of the recipes in the Levy Restaurants repertoire are Eadie’s or her grandmothers, passed down from generation to generation. Eadie herself trained the staff on the preparation of the traditional Jewish menu items. Her work with D.B. Kaplan’s eventually lead to the creation of her namesake restaurant, Mrs. Levy’s Delicatessen, located in Chicago’s Sears Tower. Since 1986, Mrs. Levy’s Deli has been one of the city’s greatest delis, treating guests to authentic, New York-style sandwiches, homemade soups and old-fashioned soda fountain creations. After a few years behind the scenes, Eadie’s desire to have more interaction with her guests grew, and she moved to the front of the house, where she remains today, meeting and greeting guests, most of whom she knows by name. This personal touch has made Eadie a celebrity in her own right. Photos of her posing with her favorite celebrities – everyone from local hero, Michael Jordan, to Hollywood stars Goldie Hawn and Steven Spielberg – adorn the walls of the deli. And in true Midwestern style, Eadie graciously obliges every request to have her picture taken and added to the growing "Wall of Fame." These days, Eadie Levy, a grandmother and great-grandmother, still believes that despite her own success, her proudest accomplishment remains her sons’ entrepreneurialism and creativity in making Levy Restaurants a successful company, full of genuinely nice people.


    2008: In Israel, members of the National Religious Party “voted to disband the party in order to join the new Jewish Home Party


    2008: French and Israeli police discovered 43 of timepieces that had been stolen from the L.A. Mayer Institute for Islamic art in two French bank safes.


    2008: Ethan Berkowitz himself conceded defeat in the race to fill the seat of U.S. Representative for Alaska's At-large congressional district, after counting of absentee and provisional ballots had mostly been completed and his Republican opponent Don Young had a clearly insurmountable lead.


    2008: At Tifereth Israel Synagogue in Des Moines, Iowa AIPAC Midwest Political Director Jonathan Greenbergspeaks on “Changes in the White House and on Capitol Hill:  How It Impacts The Pro-Israel Agenda.”  Of course, the presentation is based on the premise that AIPAC’s agenda and the “Pro-Israel Agenda” are one and the same.


    2008: The Ninth Annual Rutgers New Jersey Jewish Film Festival presents: “The Counterfeiters”  “One Day You’ll Understand,” adaptation of Jerome Clement’s autobiographical novel, Plus Tard, Tu Comprendras and “Two Ladies” a hopeful drama that offers a sensitive portrayal of the unlikely friendship two French women – Esther, who is Jewish, and Halima, who is Muslim – which defies the prejudice and hostility that surround them.


    2008:As part of the "Jewish Encounters" series at the D.C. Jewish Community Center,writer and poet Adam Kirsch discusses and signs Benjamin Disraeli, his new biography of the British prime minister in which takes an in-depth look at the first—and only—Jewish Prime Minister of England.


    2008: Michael Rosen was presented with the Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Knight of the Order of Arts and Literature) by the Government of France at the French Ambassador's residence in London


    2009 (1st of Kislev, 5770): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    2009: Moshe Holtzberg, son of Barvriel and Rivka Holztberg of blessed memory who were murdered by the terrorists in Mumbain in 2008, celebrated his third birthday according to the Jewish calendar. A party was held at Kfar Chabad which was attended by 2,000 people who stayed for a memorial dinner for his parents.


    2009: In Fairfax, VA, Congregation Olam Tikvah hosts “Sacred Scripture: How do you understand your own? Can I try?” as part of its interfaith program.


    2009: At the UK Jewish Film Festival, a screening of an episode from the groundbreaking TV drama "Good Intentions", which centers around two female chefs, one Palestinian and one Israeli, co-hosting a cookery show despite intense opposition from their respective communities.


    2009(1st of Kislev, 5770): Seventy-five year old  Ari Kiev, a psychiatrist whose early work on depression and suicide prevention led to a career helping athletes and Wall Street traders achieve peak performance, passed away today in Manhattan. (As reported by William Grimes)



    2009(1st of Kislev, 5770): James F. Berg, who as the chief negotiator for most of the major landlords in New York City was given large credit for an era of labor peace in their buildings because of the trust he inspired on both sides of the bargaining table, died today in Manhattan. He was 65 (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)


    2010: “Precious Life” is scheduled to be shown at the Other Israel Film Festival today at the JCC in Manhattan.


    2010: In New York, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present The Fall Concert which is part of The Sidney Krum Young Artists Concert Series at YIVO:


    2010: In response to a call by Chief Ashkenazi RabbiYona Metzger and Chief Sephardi Rabbi Shlomo for the public to pray for rain during this draught-like period, today is scheduled to be a special day of fasting and prayer to atone for the sins that are likely preventing the direly missing rainfall.


    2010:"Army of Islam," a group linked to Al Qaida, released today for the first time a statement in Hebrew threatening to avenge the killing of two senior members of the organization in the Gaza Strip yesterday


    2010: Jacob Lew began serving as Director of the Office of Management and Budget.


     2011: “Romeo and Juliet in Yiddish” is scheduled to be shown this evening at Jewish Eye World Jewish Film Festival.


    2011: An opening reception is scheduled to take place at the Derek Eller Gallery marking the opening of “Rona Yefman: Marath a Bouke, project #4” in which Rona Yefman will present an installation about Martha Bouke, an 80-year-old grandfather and Holocaust survivor living in Tel Aviv who assumes a feminine persona…”


    2011: It was reported today that Henry Kissinger in 1972 called Jews "self-serving" because of pleas from the community for the Nixon administration to increase the pressure on the Soviet Union to allow its Jews to leave. "Is there a more self-serving group of people than the Jewish community?" Kissinger, who is Jewish, asks Leonard Garment, also Jewish, in transcripts of a 1972 exchange released this week by the State Department and reported by The Associated Press. Garment, a special counsel to President Nixon, replied: "None in the world." Kissinger, who at the time was the national security adviser, added: "What the hell do they think they are accomplishing? You can’t even tell bastards anything in confidence because they’ll leak it.”Nonetheless, Kissinger tells Garment he will raise the issue with the Soviet ambassador. Kissinger resented the Jewish community's emphasis on releasing Jews, saying it detracted from the overall White House strategy of achieving detente with the Soviet Union -- a strategy he to this day maintains would have brought greater success for Soviet Jewry, although veterans of the movement adamantly disagree. Kissinger's office said he was traveling and not immediately available for comment. A request to Garment for comment, emailed to a law firm where he is last known to have had offices, went unanswered. Revelations of Kissinger's disparagement of Jews during his Nixon years have at times led to him apologizing; most recently, last December, he said he was "sorry" for telling Nixon in 1973 that it would not be an American concern if the Soviets were to consign Jews to death camps.


    2011:Israel sent housing assistance for up to 1,000 people in Turkey affected by two earthquakes that hit the country in October.


    2012: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Marvel Comics: The Untold Story by Sean Howe which “begins with Marvel’s best-known employees:” – Stan Lee (Stanley Martin Lieber) and Jack Kirby (Jacob Kurtzburg) and the recently released paperback edition of A Train In Winter: An Extraordinary Story of Women Friendship and Resistance in Occupied France by Caroline Moorehead which traces the fate of 230 women shipped to Auschwitz in January, 1943.
    2012: The UK Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end.
    2012: The American Society for Jewish Music and American Jewish Historical Society are scheduled to present The Hugo Weisgall Centennial Concert
    2012(4th of Kislev, 5773): Eighty-six year old academic and diplomat Helmut Sonnenfeldt passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    2012: Adas Israel Cantor Arianne Brown and the Charm City Klezmer are among those scheduled to perform at the Jewish Folk Arts Festival hosted at B’nai Israel in Rockville, MD.
    2012: Global Day of Jewish Learning

    2012: As published today in the Cedar Rapids Gazette



    “For weeks Arabs have been firing rockets into southern Israel.  Israeli schools have been closed for days at a time.  Citizens of several towns including Beersheba have had to stay within seconds of a “safe room” because that is all the warning that exists between the launching from Gaza and landing in Israel.  In one sense, there is nothing new about this.  The Arabs in Gaza did this in November of 2011, 2010, etc. The reason for the attacks is simple.  Hamas is committed to the destruction of the state of Israel.  When Israel left Gaza without any pre-conditions, the Arabs had a choice.  They could start working on building a state or they could enhance their war of destruction aimed at Israel.  Unfortunately, they chose the latter.  Today, the Israelis had enough. They responded to these incessant attacks by killing one of the leaders responsible for these rocket terror attacks and unleashed a series of limited attacks on launch sites and the logistics net that supported it.  Unfortunately, the American media chose not to cover the attacks of the last three weeks so all we have in the news tonight is the mean old Israelis attacking the poor Palestinians”.  http://thegazette.com/2012/11/17/weeks-of-arab-attacks-preceded-israeli-attack/


    2012: After a few hours of relative quiet, a rocket fired from Gaza this evening hit a house near Kiryat Malachi. (As reported by the Jerusalem Post)


    2013: The Center For Jewish History and the YIVO Institute For Jewish Research are scheduled to present a concert and lecture “Charles-Valentin Alkan: His Life and Music” as part of the Circles of Justice Program.


    2013: “The Lesson” and “Mom, Dad, I’m A Muslim” are scheduled to be shown at The Other Israel Film Festival.


    2013: The Embassy of the Czech Republic, Embassy of Israel and LCPA-Hebrew Language Table are scheduled to present “The Story of the Shipwrecked from the Patria.”


    2013: French President Francois Hollande continued his official visit today, touring the Old City in Jerusalem, meeting with senior Palestinian Authority officials in Ramallah and then visiting the Knesset, where he listened to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu publicly call on PA President Mahmoud Abbas to break the diplomatic freeze and come address the Israeli parliament. (As reported by Moran Azulay)


    2013: UN Secretary General Ban Ki-mmon walked through the “Arbeit Macht Frei” gate as he began his to Auschwitz where he paid tribute to those murdered by the Nazis and their allies.


    2013: “Former chief rabbi Yona Metzger was arrested today at the culmination of a long investigation into a litany of financial crimes involving millions of shekels.” (As reported by Stuart Winer)


    2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “Stravinsky, Ravel, Prokofiev: Composing in War Time.”


    2014: In Melbourne “Theodore Bikel: In the Shoes of Sholom Aleichem” and “King of the Jews” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014: “Swim Little Fish” and “This Is Where I Leave You” are scheduled to be shown at the 18th annual UK Jewish Film Festival.


    2014(25th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Moshe Twersky, 59; Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Goldberg, 68, a British-born father of six; Rabbi Aryeh Kopinsky, 43; and Rabbi Kalman Levine, 55 were murdered by Arab terrorists this morning and “at least 8 others were injured” while praying at a synagogue in Jerusalem’s Har Nof neighborhood.





    The Phoenix Chamber Ensemble performing Stravinsky’s Suite de L'histoire du soldat for violin clarinet and piano, Prokofiev’s Sonata in D Major for violin and piano and Ravel’s Piano Trio.The Phoenix Chamber Ensemble performing Stravinsky’s Suite de L'histoire du soldat for violin clarinet and piano, Prokofiev’s Sonata in D Major for violin and piano and Ravel’s Piano Trio.2014: Chaim Rothman, the husband of a friend of Renee Ghert-Zand, was attacked by “Palestinian assailants” who “axed him in the head as he prayed in a Jerusalem synagogue this morning.” (As reported by Renee Ghert-Zand)


    2014: Thousands attend funerals of Aryeh Kupinsky, Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Goldberg, Rabbi Kalman Levine, and Rabbi Moshe Twersky, killed at prayer in Jerusalem this morning.



    2014: New York City increased its police presence at synagogues and other locations in the wake of an attack on a Jerusalem synagogue that left four dead


    2014: In the United Kingdom, the Community Security Trust issued the warning today in a security bulletin that contained nine instructions to Jewish institutions, including a call to “ensure visible external security patrols take place to deter and detect hostile activity” and immediate reporting to police of any suspicious behavior.


    2014:Zidan Saif, a police officer who was seriously injured in the Tuesday-morning terror attack at a synagogue in Jerusalem, succumbed to his wounds.Saif, 30, was shot in the head during a gunfight with the two terrorists. According to eyewitnesses, he was hit by a bullet when attempting to protect a fellow police officer.He is the fifth victim of the attack.Druze community leaders and residents of Saif’s village of Yanuh-Jat in the Galilee describe him as a hero, NRG reports. (As reported by Lazar Berman and Adiv Sterman)


    2015: “A Jewish teacher in the French city of Marseille was stabbed by a man wearing an Islamic State T-shirt who shouted anti-Semitic profanities at him with two other men.”


    2015: At Oxford,  Hindy Najman, the new Oriel and Laing professor for the interpretation of holy scripture who is the first Jew and the first woman to have the role is scheduled to talk about new perspectives on how prophecy continues in ancient Judaism from her paper titled: "The Beginning of Judaism: New Perspectives”


    2015: “The Physician” and “The Voice of Peace” are scheduled to be shown at Melbourne at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2015: Challenger Deep by Neal Shusterman won the National Book Award for Young People’s Literature today.


    2015: “The Kozalchik Affair,” a documentary about Yakov Kozalchik a Jewish Kapo in Auschwitz known as “The Warden of the Death Block” is scheduled to be shown in Los Angeles as the 29th Israel Film Festival.


    2016: In “Amos Oz on His Novel ‘Judas,’ Which Challenges Views of a Traitor” published today Gal Beckerman examined the Israeli author’s latest work.



    2016: “Two Nazi symbols and the words ‘Go Trump’” were discovered today “on a piece of playground equipment” at “a New York park dedicated to the memory of the late Beastie Boy member Adam Yauch” during a year in which “anti-Semitic imagery has proliferated on social media, Jewish journalist” have been targeted “and longstanding anti-Jewish conspiracy theories” have gotten “a fresh airing.”


    2016: “Dark Diamond” and “Aida’s Secrets” are scheduled to be shown in Australia as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2016: “Women: New Portraits of Annie Leibovitz” is scheduled to open in New York.


    2017(29th of Cheshvan, 5778): Parashat Toldot


    2017(29th of Cheshvan, 5778): Ninety-eight year old Benjamin Scheinkopf, who survived the Holocaust along with his brother Josef, because of his hair-cutting skill and who went to a life time of barbering in Chicago passed away today.





    2017: Seventy-five year old Ken Shapero, “the former child actor and creator of ‘The Groove Tube,’” passed away today. (As reported by Richard Sandomir)



    2017: “The Cakemaker” and “The Heir” are scheduled to be shown in London at the 21stUK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Joseph Telushkin whose wide variety of works included Jewish Literacy, Jewish Humorand A Code of Jewish Ethics continues today


    2018: “Parallel Lines,” a week-long jewelry exhibition “featuring the work of Israeli artists Naama Bergman, Tamar Navama, Ruta Reifen, Dana Hakim, Noga Harel, Vered Kaminski, and Einat Leader” is scheduled to come an end today.


    2018: The YIVO Institute is scheduled to present David Biale delivering a lecture on “The Afterlives of Shabbati Zvi.”


    2018: The Gershman Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end today.


    2018: “The Cleveland Jewish News” is scheduled to present the 4th annual “18 Difference Awards Ceremony” at Landerhaven in Mayfield Heights, OH.


    2018 AJEX (The Jewish Military Association”) is scheduled to sponsors its “84th Annual Remembrance Ceremony and Parade” where attendees can show their support and honor “the Jewish Ex-Servicemen and Women who have served the United Kingdom in the Armed Forces since the 1750s as well as all the victims of the Holocaust.”



    2018: As part of Inter Faith Week, the Jewish Museum is scheduled to host a free open house where attendees can take part in such activities as making challah for a local homeless shelter and decorating a Tzedakah box.


    2018: The American Society for Jewish Music is scheduled to present “Soundscapes of Modernity: Jews and Music in Polish Cities,” a concert presenting “choral pieces from 19th-century progressive congregations, compositions associated with Jewish music societies, and avant-garde works by Jewish composers.”


    2018: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the audiobooks The Tattooist of Auschwitz by Heather Morris and read by Richard Armitage, Parker: Selected Stories by Dorothy Parker and read by Elaine Stritch, The Feral Detective, a novel by Jonathan Lethem, A New Foreign Policy: Beyond American Exceptionalism by Jeffrey D. Sachs, The Jungle Grows Back: America and Our Imperiled World by Robert Kagan, the son of Donald Kagan and in “American Jews Face a Choice: Create Meaning or Fade Away,” brief looks at The Chosen Wars: How Judaism Became an American Religionby Steven R. Weisman, The New American Judaism: How Jews Practice Their Religion Today by Jack Wertheimer, The Jewish American Paradox: Embracing Choice in a Changing World by Robert Mnookin, God is in the Crowd: Twenty-First Century Judaism by Tal Keinan and Dear Zealots: Letters From a Divided Land by Amos Oz.



     


     


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    November 19



    1095: The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins. The Crusades ushered in one of the darkest periods in Jewish history.  In the name of Christianity, the Crusaders would leave a path of death and destruction for the Jewish people that stretched from the Rhineland to the streets of Jerusalem.



    1190: Baldwin of Forde, the Archbishop of Canterbury who expressed his displeasure with King Richard’s decision to allow a Jew who had been forcibly converted to return to the faith of his fathers by saying “If the King is not God’s man, he had better be the devil’s” passed away today while with serving with the Crusaders in Palestine.



    1557: Sixty-three year old Polish Queen Bon Sforza who modified and defined the “rights of the Jewish community in 1549” by requiring them “to pay 17 percent of the taxes the government assessed against the city,” freeing them “from some special taxes paid in kind” and required citizens to get “royal permission” before selling a house to a Jew, passed away today.



    1600: Birthdate of King Charles I. The English monarch who would be defeated by the Puritan forces commanded by Cromwell and eventually be executed in 1649. The death of Charles and the rise of the Puritans helped encourage Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel to approach Cromwell about allowing the Jewish people to return to England. 



    1621:  Rabbi Isaiah ben Avraham Ha-Levi Horowitz, known as the Shlah after the title of one of his major works Shnei Luchos Ha-Bris arrived in Jerusalem.  The Shlah was a renowned Halachist, kabbalist and communal leader.  He was born in Prague in 1656 and eventually became head of the Jewish community in Frankfort.  He moved to Jerusalem after the death of his wife.  The Shlah was a wealthy philanthropist who stressed man’s ability to overcome the evil inclination and turn it into the good inclination.  He passed away in 1650 and was buried in Tiberias near the tomb of the Rambam.



    1765(6th of Kislev, 5526): Moses Hart, the Breslau born son of a Rabbi who came to London in 1697 where he became on of the “Twelve Jew Brokers on the Royal Exchange and who “funded the construction of the Great Synagogue which opened in 1722 with his brother Aaron serving as the Rabbi passed away today.



    1815: Joseph Levy married Hannah Isaacs at the Western Synagogue today.



    1816: Warsaw University is established in the part of Poland that was incorporated into the Russian Empire as part of the partitions that had taken place in the waning decades of the 18th century.  The fortunes of the university would follow the ebb and flow of political and cultural events in Poland as it sought to regain and then maintain its independence. In 1968, the government would conduct and anit-Semitic and anti-democrat campaign at the university that would touch off a wave of student unrest. During the subsequent government crackdown professors of Jewish descent were removed from their positions and many of them were forced to emigrate. 



    1829: In Frankfurt am Main, Zerline(Worms) Beyfus and Meyer Levin Beyfus gave birth to Mathilda Emma Beyfus



    1835(27th of Cheshvan, 5596): Fifty-nine year old Abraham Mendelssohn, the second son of Moses Mendelssohn, the co-founder of the Berlin banking firm of Mendelssohn & Co and who with his wife Leah Solomon gave birth to Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy passed away today.



    1843: In New York City, a group of Jews including Levy Philip, Wolf Felsenheld, Marx Neuburg, Emanuel Stoffman, Jacob Blumenthal, Julius Meyer and Kalman Jacobs founded a society dedicated to forming a new congregation which would follow a more liberal or reform michag.



    1849: As of today, in Amsterdam out of a total population of 224,949, 25,173 were Jews who divided into 22,426 Ashkenazim and 2,747 Portuguese (Sephardim).



    1853(17th of Tishrei, 5614): Third day of Sukkoth



    1862: During the Civil War, Jacob Cohen of the 27th Ohio Infantry wrote to the Jewish Messenger from Davis’ Mill, MS where the Union Army had gone into camp describing the victories at Iuka and Corinth.



    1863: President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the military cemetery dedication ceremony in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. One of the more interesting stories, if it is true involves Dr. M.L. Rossvally, a Jewish surgeon who saved the life of a Christian drummer boy.  Rossvally went on to become the Surgeon General of the United States.



    1868: Two days after she had passed away, Rebecca Levy, the wife of Goodman Levy with whom she had four children, was buried today at the West Ham Jewish Cemetery.



    1869: It was reported today that in a manner similar houses of worship of other denominations, Congregation B’nai Jeshurun hosted a Thanksgiving Service where Rabbi Henry Vidaver delivered a sermon based on the words of Zechariah.



    1870: Deborah Lenore Cohn, the daughter of Dr. Marcus Mosse and Ulrike Mosse and Emil Cohn gave birth to Bianca Israel



    1871: Four days after he had passed away, Nathan Solomon was buried today at the Balls Pond Jewish Cemetery.



    1872: A meeting was held tonight at the Thirty-fourth Street Synagogue in New York City to deal with impending immigration of Romanian Jews to the United States who were seeking refuge from the persecution in their native land.  A twenty-five man Executive Committee was established that will contact various European Jewish Committees involved with this issue to ensure that the emigrants come from the “industrial classes” and to arrange for their transportation. Several hundred families are expected to arrive in the Spring and the committee will set the mechanism to provide them with employment and support.



    1874: Nathan Aaronson, a wealthy Jew is spending tonight in the Tombs after having been arrested and charged with numerous counts of grand larceny, obtaining goods under false pretenses and other crimes related to a series of swindles. Aaronson was arrested after having posted bail on similar charges in New Jersey as he attempted to sail to Europe.



    1874: Chief Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler attended the start of the construction of the Middle Street Synagogue which designed by architect Thomas Lainson.



    1876: The New York Times published a review of The Ethics of Benedict De Spinoza: From the Latin with an Introductory Sketch of his Life and his Writings published in New York by D. Van Nostrand. According to the review, this is believed to be the first translation of any of the writings that has appeared in the United States.



    1876: A report published today attributed the change in the writing style of George Eliot( Mary Anne Evans) that resulted in Daniel Deronda was a product of a collaboration with her consort, George Henry Lewes.  Lewes claims that “he wrote every line of the chapter which describes the discussion at the club to which Mordecai introduced Daniel. Such a club as this really had an existence in London under the presidency of a Jew upon whom Mr. and Mrs. Lewes modeled Mordecai.”  The report concluded that many of Eliot’s admirers are not pleased with the new novel feeling that literary partnership “has destroyed the classic purity of the lady’s English.”  Despite this, the novel is selling quite briskly.



    1878(23rd of Cheshvan): Poet Abraham Dov Levenson (Adam ha-Kohen) and father-in -law of Jewish author Joshua Steinberg, passed away



    1879: Birthdate of Columbia trained “medical economist, Dr. Michael Marks Davis, the husband of “the former Alice Taylor” with whom he had two sons.



    http://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w62r3wx1



    http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Davis%2C%20Michael%20Marks%2C%201879%2D1971



    https://www.nytimes.com/1971/08/27/archives/michael-davis-a-health-expert-advocate-of-nationwide-insurance-plan.html



    1880: The Jewish Chronicle reported that a “North German young lady who is able to teach German, French, drawing, drilling and needlework wants a situation in a family or in a school” in the Jersey, Channel Islands.



    1880: Birthdate of Hugo Gutmann, the German Jewish officer who was Adolph Hitler’s commanding officer during 1918 and who saw to it that the Austrian corporal received the Iron Cross First Class.



    1880: Based on information that first appeared in the Boersen Zeitung, “public quarrels and duels have taken place between Jews and Germans.”



    1881: “The Hebrew Union College” published today summarized plans to upgrade HUC, the Cincinnati educational institution that is only place in the United States dedicated to providing formal education for rabbis in the United States. The plan is to create a million dollar endowment by selling 200,000 “subscription certificates at $5 each.”  (The rabbis trained here will be Reform and will not be able to address the needs of the traditional movements of Judaism)



    1882: It was a reported today that the Public Prosecutor has applied to the court at Nyireghyhasa, for an order to disinter and re-examine the body of a Christian girl, who it is alleged, was by the Jews at Tiszaeszlar” in order to sift through the evidence “and put an end to a scandal which has lasted six months.” (This is a reference to The Tiszaeszlár Affair, a blood libel that began in April of 1882 and would actually resurface in the world of Hungarian politics in the 21st century.)



    1882: It was reported today that a radical newspaper editor has fought a duel with a member of the parliament who defended Jews against charges in The Tiszaeszlár Affair.



    1884(1st of Kislev, 5645): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1885: Upon his return to Cincinnati from the national of Reform Rabbis in Pittsburgh, Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise said, “The meeting was an official expression and confirmation of principles which have been advanced and advocated by progressive Jews for a decade past.”



    1885: It was reported today that the Reform movement has adopted a resolution that would effectively allow the substitution of Sunday morning services to replace the traditional Saturday morning Shabbat services. 



    1885: “The Hebrew Asylum Ball” published today provided a description of the fundraiser hosted for the Hebrew Orphan Asylum” which was attended a large segment of notables including Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Wechsler, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Wechsler and Mr. and Mrs. Ferdinand Oppenheimer.



    1886: In Prague,,Jakob and Barbara Bondy gave birth to Rudolf Bondy



    1886: It was reported today that based on information that first appeared in the Vossische Zeitung, Jews make up the largest contingent of the Hungarian immigrants crossing Germany on their way to the United States.



    1887(3rd of Kislev, 5648): Emma Lazarus passed away.  Born in 1849, Lazarus is remembered as the poet who wrote the poem at the base of the Statue of Liberty. When Emma Lazarus died on November 19, 1887 at the age of 38, the obituary published in the New York Times referred to her as "an American Poet of Uncommon talent," but did not mention her poem, "The New Colossus," which today is indelibly associated with The Statue of Liberty. One of the first successful Jewish American authors, Lazarus was part of the late nineteenth century New York literary elite, and was celebrated in her day as an important American poet. In her later years, she wrote bold, powerful poetry and essays protesting the rise of anti-Semitism and arguing for Russian immigrants' rights. She called on Jews to unite and create a homeland in Palestine before the title Zionist had even been coined. She is best known today for her poem, "The New Colossus," which was written in 1883 as part of the effort to raise money for a pedestal to the Statue of Liberty. France was donating the statue to the United States, but Americans had to raise the funds for the pedestal. Her untimely death, probably from cancer, was mourned in both the Jewish and broader communities. It was only, however, after Lazarus's friend Georgina Schuyler installed a bronze memorial tablet inside the entrance to the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty in 1903, inscribed with the lines from the "New Colossus," including "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free," that Lazarus's memory became forever associated with her powerful vision of America as a symbol of hope for the down-trodden.



    1888: Birthdate of Samuel “Sam” Melitzer, the native of New York’s Lower East Side and Columbia University who experienced anti-Semitism when southern crowds would should “Get the Jew” and who after coaching at NYU traveled the world as mining engineer before become a high school Phys Ed and math teacher.



    1890(7th of Kislev, 5651): Thirty-nine year old Hannah Primrose, Countess of Rosebery, the daughter of Juliana and Mayer de Rothschild, who was rumored to be the richest woman in Britain, passed away. (There is no way that we can do justice to the life of this woman. She is far more fascinating than any fictional character created by Bronte sisters and those other writers of 19thcentury romance novels)



    1890: The Citizens’ Savings Bank paid out $113,000 to depositors as a run on the bank began following a story “in an east side Hebrew Newspaper.”



    1891: The more than four hundred pupils attending the Louis Down-Town Sabbath and Daily School are the beneficiaries of the Palestine Bazaar which is being held for a second day at Carnegie Hall.



    1892: “Prussians Jealous of Hebrews” published today, relying on information that first appeared in the London Daily News described a debated taking place among “Prussian Conservatives” on the “ways and means of decreasing the influence of Jews in public life.”  The Conservatives are especially upset because the Jews “get themselves better educated than their neighbors and so win their way to professorial chairs.”



    1892(29th of Cheshvan, 5653): Fifty two year old Jacques de Reinach, the French banker who successfully invested in the Canadian Pacific Railway before becoming embroiled in the scandals surrounding the building of the Panama Canal passed away today.



    1892: During an interview Otto Von Bismarck warned “the anti-Semites that ‘in trying to obtain State legislation against the Jews, they got hold of the wrong insect powder. (The term used was Wanzenpulver which has a contation that is even more insulting than the English translation and gives one the idea of the low esteem in which the Iron Chancellor held the Jewish people)



    1893: According to a rumor published today, the Jews are fleeing Melilla because they fear what “the inquiry into the illicit trade firearms’ might reveal. (The implication is that the Jews are guilty of selling guns to the Berbers who are revolting against their Spanish colonial masters)



    1893: Today’s review of “The Bells” praises Henry Irving’s performance of Mathias whom he plays as “a large, spectacular figure” who is a victim of remorse; a portrayal that is not consistent with that found in the translation of Leopold Lewis. The reviewer concludes his portrayal of this Jewish figure is “always worth seeing once” and then worth seeing a second time because Irving’s “Mathias is to be remembered because of its historical importance.”



    1894: In Germany Elizabeth (nee Kirchner) and Wilhelm Hopf a Jew who converted gave birth to mathematician Heinz Hopf.



    1894: Three days after he had passed away, 70 year old Montague Durlacher, who married Annie Durlacher after the death of his first wife, the former Deborah Benjamin, was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.



    1894: In Newburgh, NY, Russian immigrants Lena Friedland and Simon Silverman gave birth to Morris Silverman, the long-time Rabbi at The Emanuel Synagogue, editor the classic Sabbath and Festival Prayer Book which was the standard prayer book for the Conservative movement for decades and the husband of author Althea H. Osber.



    http://www.nytimes.com/1972/03/04/archives/rabbi-morris-silverman-author-and-editor-deadj.html?_r=0



    1894: Birthdate of Columbia trained pediatrician and WW I Army Medical Corps veteran Dr. Harry Bakwin the husband of Dr. Ruth Morris who joined together to become major art collectors.



    http://research.frick.org/directoryweb/browserecord.php?-action=browse&-recid=11848



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1973/12/27/91064521.pdf



    1894: “Not Antagonistic To Christianity” published today provided Dr. Joseph Silverman’s views on the attitude to of Judaism to non-Judaic religions.  Among other things, he said that Judaism’s view on this has always been represented; that Judaism is neither “tribal, narrow nor exclusive” but universal.  While Christianity claims that only those who believe in its doctrine can be saved, “Judaism has never claimed that universal salvation depends on universal conversion to Judaism.”



    1895: While visiting Paris and London trying to gain Jewish support for a Jewish homeland, Herzl gained one “convert’ - Max Nordeau



    1896: The Young Men’s Hebrew Association of New York and the Hebrew Technical Institute were reported today to be among the institutions willing to host a “series of popular lectures on the affairs of the City” which will lead to greater civic participation.



    1896: The first national convention of the National Council of Jewish Women which was held at Tuxedo Hall in New York City between came to an end. Founded at the conclusion of the Jewish Women's Congress held at Chicago's World Columbian Exposition in November 1893, the National Council of Jewish Women was the first national open-membership organization for American Jewish women. Addressed by the leaders of the nation's leading women's organizations and numerous prominent rabbis, it was clear that the Council was helping to establish the legitimacy of Jewish women's presence on a public stage. The convention received extensive coverage in the New York Times and other papers. During its first three years, Council sections around the country had focused on diverse activities ranging from Bible study to education for children to active philanthropy in the interest of immigrant women and children. Representatives at the first convention summarized these achievements, established a clear institutional structure and sought to offer guidance to local sections. Conflict emerged in relation to the Jewish character of the Council. Hannah Solomon of Chicago presided over the convention, but some members objected to her advocacy of Sunday as the Jewish Sabbath. Solomon memorably responded "I consecrate every day in the week." As the New York Times reported, "Pandemonium reigned for five minutes, and then Mrs. Solomon was re-elected." In its first few decades, NCJW transcended these religious divisions by focusing especially on aid to newly arrived Jewish immigrants. In sections across the country, NCJW provided an early training ground for Jewish women leaders and a forum for Jewish women's concerns within and outside the Jewish community.



    1897: It was reported today that in London, “the alterations at the Talmud Torah on Brick Lane have been completed.



    1897: It was reported today that plans are being made for a larger synagogue to meet the needs of the Stepney Orthodox Congregation whose numbers “have greatly increased and whose “affairs are flourishing.



    1897: Herzl publishes his article "Die jüdische Kolonialbank" -"The Jewish Colonial Bank" in Die Welt.



    1897: “Dreyfus May Be A Victim” published today offers the unique theory that the French Captain was actually the victim of a blackmail plot gone awry.  Taking advantage of the “wave of Jew-baiting” that was sweeping Europe in 1893, these conspirators forged the documents that would lead to the conviction of Dreyfus.  The conspirators had used “a beautiful woman whose house” was a refuge to many French officers and foreign diplomats as a go between to try and extort money from Mrs. Dreyfus who was wealthy in her own right in exchange for the document.  When the Dreyfus family refused to be involved, members of the press who were part of the plot helped to incite the public in such a way that the conviction of Dreyfus was inevitable.



    1898: “Dr. Gottheil’s 25 Years” published today included a summary of the accomplishments of the Rabbi at Temple Emanu-El who according to some stem the tide of assimilation while raising his voice for “justice and the down-trodden of his race’  “when anti-Semitism raised the black flag of intolerance in Germany, Austria and other European countries.”



    1900: Birthdate of Anna (Netty) Reiling, the native of Mainz who gained fame as the author Anna Seghers.



    https://web.archive.org/web/20130704063048/http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/seghers.htm



    1902: Twenty-one year old Aline Frankau, the daughter of Rebecca and Joseph Frankau became Aline Bernstein today when she married “Wall Street broker, Theodore Bernstein” with whom she “had two children – Theodore and Edna – while pursuing a career as stage and film set designer.



    https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/aline-bernstein



    1904:  Birthdate of Nathan Leopold.  Leopold and Loeb, sons of wealthy Chicago families, saw themselves as a superior intellects not bound by the rules.  Their murder of Bobby Franks and the trial that followed (where they were defended by Clarence Darrow) forever marked both of them as venal, vile killers.  Leopold died in 1971. 



    1905: Tonight, in Boston, “at a special service in the Warren Avenue Baptist Church Rabbi Charles Fleischer urged President Roosevelt to warn Russia against further persecution of the Jews and declared that the Jews in Russia should be armed for self-defense.”



    1905: As the Zemstvo Congress is scheduled to open today, “we are witnessing a series of massacres of Jews carried out by the rabble, thanks to the criminal tolerance of the authorities.



    1905: Rabbi Harris of Temple Israel and Frank Moss, an attorney, addressed the congregation in the Methodist Episcopal Church of Our Savior tonight at a service, “the proceeds of which are for the benefit of the Jews in Russia.”



    1905: In London, “the Evangelical Alliance, which is composed of representatives of several denominations of Christians decided at a meeting at Exeter Hall to open a fund for the relief of the Russian Jews” which it is hoped “will touch broader circles of Christians life than any other appeal having the same purpose.”



    1905: “Several hundred men, women and children attended a mass meeting” today “at Temple Adath Israel…to protest against the massacre of Jews in Russia and to raise subscriptions for the relief fund.



    1905: Miss Sadie American presided over a memorial meeting in honor of Emma Lazarus which was held tonight at Temple Beth-El under the auspices of the New York Section of the Council Jewish Women at which Adele Szold read a biography of the Jewish poetess.



    1905: “Boiled Jewish Children” published today described the murder of approximately 1,500 Jews in one quarter of” Odessa” which was as large La Chapelle in Paris” by “the police and Cossacks” who “poured boiling water on the children and threw the old men out of the windows.



    1906: Birthdate of Henri Temianka, a native of Scotland who was the son of Polish-Jewish immigrants.  Among his accomplishments was a performance of the Bach Double Violin Concerto with four other Jewish violinists – David Oistrakh, Yehudi Menuhin, Henryk Szeryng and Jack Benny.



    http://www.nytimes.com/1992/11/10/arts/henri-temianka-is-dead-at-85-violinist-and-founder-of-quartet.html



    1906: “Big Crowd Attends Funeral” published today in the Brooklyn Standard Union describes the funeral of Rabbi Raphael Benjamin at Congregation Beth Elohim which was so well attended “that hundreds of men and women were unable to gain admittance..”



    1909: At the request of the Hahambashi, the Grand Vizier of Turkey directs the Minister of War to appoint Jewish chaplains to battalions where Jews serve, to grant soldiers the ability to observe the high holidays and to facilitate they be provided with kosher food. The Hahambashi also requested that all teachers in Jewish school and rabbinical students be granted an exemption from military service.



    1911: In London, the “vote of censure for the President of the Board of Deputies” was defeated today.



    1911: David Lindo Alexander upheld the action of the Board of Deputies “in regard to the recent” riots in South Wales.



    1911: Birthdate of Zagreb native Zdenka Buchler, the “operatic soprano” who gained fame as Zdenka Rubinstein, when she married Bartold Rubinstein who had his wife and daughter Mira convert, along with him, to Catholicism in an attempt to avoid the anti-Semitism that was sweeping Europe in the 1930’s.



    1911: The First Hebrew Congress opened today in Lemberg, Galicia.



    1911: In Jersey City, NJ, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association “adopted a “resolution protesting against discriminated by the Russian Government against American citizens.



    1911: Herman Bernstein, who has written for such publications as The Nation and The New York Evening Post delivered an address to the Mikve Israel Association in Philadelphia, PA, entitled “Anti-Semitism in Russia, Germany and Elsewhere.”  According to Bernstein, while political and social progress has been made “in every part of the world” anti-Semitism is the one age-old evil “for which no remedy has been found.” [Bernstein would go to a distinguished career as a foreign correspondent with the New York Times and as U.S. Ambassador to Albania.  His History of a Lie provides an account of the history of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.]



    1912: The New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections which was attended by delegates Samuel Gompers and Lee Frankel of New York City opened in Syracuse, NY.



    1913: Serbian troops enter and loot Monastir. As part of the violence, Jewish shops were burned and robbed.



    1913: Birthdate of Morris Ziff, the Brooklyn native, who was an award winning expert in rheumatic diseases and  who investigated how the body sometimes turns on itself to cause such illnesses (As reported by Jeremy Pearce)



    1914: “Jews Raise Relief Fund” published today described a fund raiser to provide relief for the Jews of Palestine where the attendees heard from Professor R.J.H. Gotteheil of Columbia University, Rabbi Ephraim Frisch and Rabbi Jacob Lichter of Far Rockaway, NY.



    1914: “Forced Czernowitz To Raise Ransom” published today described the “how humble Hebrews sacrificed their ritual candelabra” to help meet demands made by General Arintinoff when his Russian Army entered the Austrian city that the citizens pay “a levy of 600,000 rubles in gold or silver.



    1914: “For Relief of Jews” published today provides a list of those who have contributed to the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War including Ike Scher of Richmond, VA, Congregation Shaarey Tzedek of Windsor, Ontario, Congregation Tree of Life, Oil City, PA, Rebecca Bender of Ashly, ND and Congregation B’nai Jacob of Vineland, NJ.



    1915: “The Jewish News learns from Warsaw that a fund of $125,000 raised by an American committee for the relief of Jews in Poland, has just been transmitted to a joint committee representing the Jewish population of Poland.”



    1915 (12th of Kislev, 5676): A wide variety of Jewish and gentile leaders including Louis Marshall, Jacob Schiff, John H. Finley, President University of the State of New York at Albany and Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia, expressed their sense of sorrow and deep admiration for Dr. Solomon Schechter who passed away today in New York. Schechter’s original fame rested on his work with the Cairo Geniza. As President of the United Synagogue of America, President of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, he was the driving force behind Conservative Judaism.  He was an early Zionist who played an active role in the work of the Jewish Publication Society.  This brief entry cannot do justice to his impact on the world at large or the Jewish community in particular.



    1915: In speaking today about the death of Dr. Solomon Schechter, Dr. Cyrus Adler, the President of Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning said that they “were friends for twenty-five years” and that he considered Schechter “the greatest Jewish scholar of his generation and the on towering personality among all the Jews no resident in America” – “a great thinker, a great scholar, a great leader and the most lovable of all men.”



    1915: Jewish opera singer David Kronland was “appointed professor of singing at Lemberg Conservatory of Music” today.



    1915: In Vienna, formation of the “Committee for the Enlightenment of Eastern Jewish Question.”



    1915: Birthdate of Gyoengyoes, Hungary, native and Holocaust survivor, Stephen Jeffrey Roth, the British based Director of the Insitute of Jewish Affairs and the husband of Eva Gandos.



    https://www.independent.co.uk/incoming/obituary-stephen-roth-1596303.html



    https://www.nytimes.com/1995/08/03/obituaries/stephen-roth-79-a-rights-official-of-jewish-congress.html



    https://web.archive.org/web/20140203061955/http://www.shoahlegacy.org/org/stephen-roth-institute-study-contemporary-anti-semitism-and-racism



    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/13501679508577809



    1916: Samuel Goldfish (later renamed Samuel Goldwyn) and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Company which would become one of the most successful independent filmmakers.



    1916: Approximately 3,000 people “representing membership in thirty affiliated Zionist societies” attended “the annual reception and ball” sponsored by “the Zionist Council of New York” which “was held” tonight “at the Central Opera House on East 67th Street.”



    1916: “During the laying of the cornerstone of the building for the Young Men/s and the Young Women’s Hebrew Association” today at Borough Park in London” a telegram was read from President Wood Woodrow Wilson that said, “My warmest greetings and good wishes.  I hope the building of which the cornerstone is now being laid will contribute in every way to the promotion of the admirable purpose of the Y.M.H.A. and Y.W.H.A.”



    1916: “Not a single child under the age of 5 years can be found in large areas of Poland according to a report presented to the People’s Relief Committee for Jewish War Sufferers which opened its national convention” today in Boston.



    1916: While speaking this afternoon at the graduation exercises of the Schools for Jewish Girls of the Kehillah at Stuyvesant High School Louis Marshall said, “America is the logical new center of the Jewish faith and the Jewish population of the world.”



    1917: David A. Brown announced tonight that “Jacob H. Schiff has given $200,000 to start the $5,000,000 New York campaign for Jewish War Relief and for the Jewish Welfare Board in the United States Army and Navy.



    1917: In “Jews Against Bolsheviki,” published today Herman Bernstein “who had spent three months in Petrograd after the revolution” said that from the point of view the Jews in Russia men like Trotsky “are not Jews in the real sense of the word,” “are not sympathetic to Jewish culture or Jewish ideals” and are the enemies of the Jewish people.



    1917(4th of Kislev, 5678): Sixty-seven year old “communal worker” Max Tapolsky passed away today in Pittsburgh, PA.



    1917(4th of Kislev, 5670): Forty-one year old Dr. Richard Weil, a major in the U.S. Army passed away today at Camp Wheeler.



    1917: “Against War Time Wealth” published today included the views of Jacob Schiff who said that “No man should seek to increase his personal fortune for the period of the war” since it is “the duty of every American at this time to devote his whole thought and effort to the needs of the Government and to the needs of those who have been made to suffer through the war.”



    1917: This evening, as British forces were fighting their way to Jerusalem a thunderstorm followed by a drenching downpour broke over the opposing armies leaving every wadi in the foothills and on the plain in a flood making it almost impassable for wheeled vehicles,



    1918: According to a cablegram received in New York today by the ZOA, “Jewish and Zionist brigades…are being organized throughout Austria, Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia” to fight agains those responsible for “the anti-Semitic disturbances in Galicia and Poland” that have been going on since the first of the month.



    1919: The U.S. Senate, under the leadership of the Republicans, fails to ratify the Versailles Treaty.  This meant that the United States would not be joining the League of Nations which meant that the League was DOA.  It also signaled America’s return to isolationism.  The rejection of the Versailles Treaty was a contributing cause to the rise of Hitler, World War II and the Holocaust.



    1919: Birthdate of Pisa native Gillo Pontecorvo the Italian filmmaker and during WWII anti-fascist resistance fighter who won “the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in 1966” for “The Battle of Algiers.”



    1919: Birthdate of Judge Wapner of People’s Court Fame.  Considering the Torah’s injunctions about Judges, what do we make of the fact that both Judge Judy and Judge Wapner are Jewish?



    1920: “Free Synagogue Institute Arranges Courses” published described the establishment of a Teacher’s Institute by the Free Synagogue in New York “to meet the need for trained teachers in the field of Jewish Religious Education.”



    1920: It was reported today that in Cheyenne, Wyoming, the Temple Emanuel Sisterhood “plans to erect: a building “which will serve as a center for all Jews regardless of the form of worship to which they adhere.”



    1921: Today Joseph Missrahi Orpahli, an Oriental Jew, became the first Jew to receive the death penalty for murder in connection with the August riots.  “Orphali was accused of firing from a rooftop into a mob of Jaffa Arabs who had congregated supposedly for an attack on Tel Aviv.”  Three British police officers Dixon had testified that “they had heard no shots besides those of the police who fired on the mob, but relatives of Arabs killed declared the accused had killed on Arab purposely and another unintentionally.”



    1921: “Thirty-seven Arabs of the Tireh village, near Haifa who had previously been sentenced to five years’ imprisonment, had their sentences reduced on appeal today to three months.  They had been accused of participating in an attack on Bath Gilim, a suburb of Haifa.”



    1921: Pinchas Ruthenberg, director of the Palestine Electric Corporation and chairman of the Palestine National council, told the commission of inquiry” sent from London to find the reasons for the Arab August riots and the lack of preparation on the part of the police, “how he had warned H.C. Luke, acting High Commissioner, of the gravity of the situation developing over the Wailing Wall, and was told by Mrs. Luke that he was exaggerating the danger.  Mr. Rutenberg’s suggestions for precautions were not followed.”



    1923: In Charleston, SC, Louis D. Rubin, Sr. and Jeanette Weinstein Rubin gave birth Louis D. Rubin, Jr. “a teacher, novelist, essayist, editor and publisher, among other things —who was devoted to the practice and promotion of American Southern writing.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)



    1925: Birthdate of Zygmunt Bauman the Polish born sociologist who was forced to take refuge in England in 1970 following an anti-Semitic purge orchestrated by the Polish Communist Party.  Bauman “has made some of the most important observations about the Holocaust and modernity.”



    https://baumaninstitute.leeds.ac.uk/about/



    1926: Birthdate of Newark, NJ, native Herbert “Herb” Krautblatt, the left-handed shooting guard for Rider University who was drafted by the Baltimore Bullets for whom he played in 1948.



    https://www.basketball-reference.com/players/k/krauthe01.html



    1928: “The New York State Law of 1923 aimed at the rules of secrecy adopted by the Ku Klux Klan” which hearings at a House Committee had established “was conducting a crusade against Catholics Jews and negroes and stimulating hurtful religious and race prejudices” “was upheld as constitutional today by the Supreme Court of the United States.”



    1928: A concert featuring Alexander Baerwald and Thelma Yellin was held in Jerusalem as the European born Jews of Jerusalem celebrated the centenary of the death of Schubert.



    1929: Birthdate of medieval scholar, Norman Cantor.  Cantor did step out of his expertise when he wrote The Sacred Chain: The History of the Jews. Based on the reviews, Cantor would have been better off if he had stuck to works on the Middle Ages.





    1929: U.S. premiere of “The Love Parade,” a musical comedy directed and produced by Ernst Lubitsch co-starring Lillian Roth.



    1931: “The Office Manager “ a comedy directed by Hans Behrendt, who died at Auschwitz in 1942 and starring Felix Bressart, the Jewish actor who escaped to the United States before WW II, was released today in Germany.



    1932: In Brooklyn, “Alfred Pomeroy, a furniture designer who own a store on Flatbush Avenue” and “the former Florence Greenberg gave birth to architect Lee Harris Pomeroy.



    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/25/obituaries/lee-harris-pomeroy-85-dies-architect-revived-subway-stations.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well



    1932: ‘The White Demon” a German language film that looks at the drug culture starring Peter Lorre was released today in Germany by UFA.



    1932: Birthdate of Avner Friedman, who earned his doctorate from Hebrew University in 1956 and became Distinguished Professor of Mathematics and Physical Sciences at Ohio State University.



    1933(1st of Kislev, 5694): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1933: Birthdate of Gerald "Jerry" Sheindlin who served as a judge on the television show The People’s Court and is married to Judith Sheindlin, known as television’s Judge Judy.



    1933(1st of Kislev, 5694): “Samuel Leib Gordon, noted Hebraist, teacher and scholar who translated Shakespeare’s ‘King Lear’ and Zangwill’s ‘Children of the Ghetto died’ in Tel Aviv today.” The sixty-six year old intellectual had lived in Tel Aviv since 1924.  “Mr. Gordon was born in Lida, Lithuania in 1890.  He taught Hebrew in Jaffa from 1898 to 1910 and wrote and edited many textbooks in Hebrew.  For a time he edited Olam Kata, a Hebrew magazine for Jewish youth, published in Warsaw.  Several volumes of a scientific commentary on the Bible which he began in 1903 have also been published. His son, Moses Gordon, has followed in his father footsteps by serving as general secretary of Tarbuth, the Hebrew education movement.



    1933: In Brooklyn, Jennie (Gitlitz) and Edward Jonaton Zeiger gave birth to Lawrence Leibel Harvey Zeiger who gained fame as radio and television personality Larry King.



    1934: Birthdate of French artist Sam Szafran.



    http://forward.com/articles/179077/jewish-artist-who-once-called-chagalls-art-crappy/?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Saturday-and-Sunday_Daily_Newsletter%202013-06-29&utm_source=Sailthru&utm_term=The%20Forward%20Today%20%28Monday-Friday%29



    1936: “Johnny Johnson,” a Kurt Weill musical directed by Less Strasburg and a cast that included Luther Adler, Lee J. Cobb, John Garfield and Sandy Meisner had its Broadway premiere at the 44th Street Theatre.



    1936: As Hitler seeks to gain support from the Catholic Church by creating an alliance based on the anti-Communism of the Nazis and the Church, “Pius XI announced that communism had moved to the head of the list of ‘errors/’”



    1936: One of the reasons for the issuance today of a “decree compelling the owners of certain foreign securities to deposit them with the Reichsbank or its designated agents bank” was “revealed by the newspaper Angriff which charges that foreign securities are in Jewish hands.”



    1936: “The occupants of the leading history chairs in Reich universities were forced to drop their lectures and seminars for the latter part of this week and come” to Munich “for the opening tody of the Jewish research section of the Institute for the History of New Germany” which “is in reality a propaganda institution devoted almost exclusively to anti-Semitism and other National Socialist doctrines.”                                        


    1936: Dr. Samuel H. Goldenson, the rabbi at Congregation Emanu-El made “a please for strong self-respect by the Jewish people” in address he gave “at a testimonial luncheon at the Astor Hotel” in honor of “Mrs. David E. Goldfarb who has completed twenty-four years as president of the Mount Neboh Sisterhood” which was attended by more than one thousand members of the sisterhood.



    1936: “Evidence that that there is not and never has been unemployment among the Arabs of Palestine since the start of the British occupation was given by E. Mills, Director of Migration and Statistic of the Palestine Government before the first public session of the Royal Inquiry Commission” meeting today in Jerusalem.



    1937: Today marked the end of the first of a four week London Season for the Habima Players.  They had demonstrated what is known as the "Habima Method" in their performances of the Dybbuk.



    1937: The Palestine Post reported that the country was generally quiet, but the Jerusalem curfew continued for the eighth day in succession. Telephone lines were cut between Hebron and Beersheba and Beersheba and Gaza.



    1937: “Damsel in Distress,” a musical produced by Pandro S. Berman, co-starring George Burn and featuring music and lyrics by Ira and George Gershwin was released today in the United States.



    1937: In an article critical of the Jewish development of Galilee ThePostpointed out that the Jewish settlement of Mahanayim had been completely deserted since the riots of 1929. Mishmar Hayarden, "The Watch Over the Jordan," was almost a dead village ­with many of the farmyards burned to the ground. The Post demanded rapid development of this area, with particular attention given to the settlement of those Jewish lands which belonged to persons who did not live in Palestine.



    1938: “Nuremberg Ousts Jews” published today described how “uniformed storm troops rounded up the Jewish population of Nuremberg and marched them to the Labor Front office” where “they were ‘persuaded to accept a plan for released their property under which the Labor Front retains 90 per cent of the realizable value.” (Editor’s Note – Once again we see that anti-Semitism is a profitable business.)



    1938(25th of Cheshvan, 5699): Seventy-two year old existentialist philosopher Lev Isaakovich Shestov passed away.  Born in Czarist Russia in 1886, he fled from the Bolshevicks in 1921 and settled in France where he continued to work until his death. While not well-known today, Shestov influenced many more famous philosophers and writers including Albert Camus.



    http://www.shestov.arts.gla.ac.uk/html/biog.htm



    1940: William King, the Senator from Utah who in 1927 “declared…that he favored the United States severing diplomatic relations with any country which failed because of anti-Semitism to protect its Jewish nationals” and “expressed the belief that eventually Palestine would be able to support a population of a million Jews” began serving as “President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate” today.



    1940: A Christian is killed by German soldiers for throwing bread into the Warsaw ghetto. Close to 400,000 Jews would be contained within approximately 37,200 apartments.



    1941: In the West, gassing has become the popular method of exterminating the Jews. Eichmann moved forward on his plans for the deportation of Jews.



    1941: Friedrich Jeckeln decided that Rumbula was the best site to murder the Jews imprisoned in the Riga Ghetto.



    1942: Birthdate of Calvin Klein, the Bronx born son of Jewish-Hungarian immigrants who went on to became a leading figure in the American fashion industry.



    1942: Birthdate of Congressman Gary Ackerman who represents New York’s Fifth District.



    1942(10th of Kislev, 5703):The Germans shot 100 Jews from Potrkow outside of the town.



    1942: Germans in Debica, Poland, announce that as of December 1, any Pole who assists Jews "will be punished by death."



    1942: The Forverts (The Forward) published "A soycher fun fel" (A fur merchant), by Galician born American Yiddish author and poet Fradle Shtok.



    https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/shtok-fradel



    1942(10th of Kislev, 5703): In the Drohobycz Ghetto, the Nazis gunned down, at random, 250 Jews on what was known as “Black Thursday.”



    1942(10th of Kislev, 5703):Bruno Schulz, the brilliant Polish Jewish author and artist, was gunned down by a Nazi officer in the Drohobycz ghetto.



    http://bostonreview.net/archives/BR29.6/paloff.php



    1943: Jewish prisoners at Janowska, a labor and extermination camp, revolted against their captors. The revolt failed and the camp was liquidated.  One thousand of the survivors were taken to the town of Sandomierz



    1943: One thousand Jews are shot at the Jewish cemetery outside Sandomierz, Poland.



    1944: The Minnesota Starvation Experiment in which Max Kampelman was one of the 36 participants began today.



    1945: Five months after World War II ended in Europe, Anti-Jewish riots erupt in Lublin, Poland. Jan T. Gross would document post Holocaust anti-Semitism in Poland in Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz published in 2006.



    1945: It was announced today that the curfew imposed on Tel Aviv after rioting last week will lifted effective tomorrow.



    1945: “Five thousand officers and men of a Jewish brigade in the British Army of the Rhine began a hunger strike today in protest against Foreign Minister Bevin’s declaration on Palestine.”  Some did not go to the mess hall “while others sat idly before full plates.  The Jewish brigade is deployed in a swath of territory from northwest Belgium and through southwest Netherlands



    1945: In London members of the American League for a Free Palestine called on Great Britain to immediately allow 100,000 Jews to settle in Palestine.  Guy Gillette, a former U.S. Senator from Iowa and head of the league warned the British that any delay would be unpopular with the citizenry of the United States.



    1945: Secretary of State James F. Byrnes and members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee met twice today to discuss the situation in Palestine. Among the attendees were Robert F. Wagner the Democratic Senator from New York and Robert A. Taft the Republican Senator from Ohio “co-authors of a proposed Senate resolution favoring immediate unlimited Jewish immigration to Palestine.” [Wagner, who was a Liberal and Taft, who was a Conservative, were polar opposite on most issues.  Dealing with the DP Jews of Europe and Palestine brought them together in common cause.]



    1946: Inky Lautman and Sol Schwartz are among the members of the Philadelphia Sphas, “the runner-up to Baltimore in the American Basketball League playoffs” who, it was reported today, will take the court against the Brooklyn Gothams on November 24.


    1947(12thof Kislev, 5752): Sixty-six year old Lodz born and European trained surgeon Dr. Arthur Abram Salvin who had come to New York in 1923 after working in Russian hospitals passed away today.



    1947:  Chaim Weizmann “rose from his sickbed” and went to Washington to meet with President Truman to talk about the creation of a Jewish state that included the Negev.


    1947: A British government “spokesman said today that by the end of November, the army already would have re-requisitioned 5,000 acres” which Zionist leaders in Palestine are worried that the British would sell thus limiting the size of any future Jewish state.


    1947: “Two new colonies were established today within twenty-five miles of the Egyptian border, bring the total number of Jewish settlements in the Negev to 19 and the number of” settlers to 1,900.


     


    1947: Lessing J. Rosenwald, the President of the American Council for Judaism expressed his opposition for “plans to establish the American Jewish Conference on a permanent basis to coordinate all Jewish activities” in the United States.


    1948:UN mediator Ralph Bunche accepts Israel's proposal made yesterday that included the Jewish state’s stated readiness to begin an armistice with the Arabs.


    1948: In an unprecedented move that would have serious consequences for the region th UN General Assembly approves $30 million fund for relief of Palestinian refugees forming the UNRPR. Assembly asks UN member countries for contributions. No money would be provided for Jewish citizens forced to flee from their homes in Arab and/or Moslem countries.  These funds would create a permanent and ever-growing refugee population on Israel’s borders and would keep the Arab and Moslem states of the region of offering a home to their Palestinian brethren.


    1950: Two days after he had passed away funeral service were held in Montreal for Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Cohen, dean of the Canadian Rabbinate and president of the Montreal Council of Orthodox Rabbis”




    1951: “Tillie’s Unpunctured Romance” published today describe the love affair between Tillie Louse (born Myrtle Ehrlich) with the tomato.



    1952(1stof Kislev, 5713): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1952:The Jerusalem Postreported that Albert Einstein had declined to accept the offer of the Israeli Presidency. Einstein said that while he was deeply touched by the offer, he felt unsuited for such an office.


    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the minister of social affairs, Mrs. Golda Myerson, promised that the new immigrants’ tent cities would completely disappear within the next half year.  Mrs. Myerson was a former school teacher from Milwaukee who would change her name to Meir and go to serve as Foreign Minister and Prime Minister.


    1953: As tensions mounted between Israel and Jordan because Palestinian terrorists repeatedly crossed from Jordan in to Israel, Prime Minister Churchill cautioned against sending British troops to support the Jordanians lest they be caught in a cross-fire between Israeli and Arab forces.


    1954: Entertainer Sammy Davis, Jr. loses his left eye in an automobile accident. 


    1958: U.S. premiere “Houseboat,” a romantic comedy produced by Jack Rose who also co-authored the script.


    1959: ABC broadcast the first episode of “The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle and Friends” for which Hans Conried provided the voices of “Snidely Whiplash” and “Dudley Do-Right.”


    1959: David Susskind produced an adaptation of “The Power and the Glory” for tonight’s broadcast of the Play of the Week.


    1962: S(amuel) N(athaniel) Behrman’s "Lord Pengo," premiered in New York City


    1965: In New Orleans, Benjamin and Richard Swig acquired the Roosevelt Hotel from Seymour Weiss, renaming it the Fairmont-Roosevelt before finally changing the name to the Fairmont New Orleans.


    1967: “The Happy Time,” “a musical with music by John Kander, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and a book by N. Richard Nash” premiered today in Los Angeles.


    1969: “The Comic” directed by Carl Reiner who co-produced and co-wrote the film with Aaron Ruben was released in the United States today.


    1969(9thof Kislev, 5730): Sixty-three year old Harvard trained labor lawyer Lee Pressman, the husband of the former Sophia Platnik passed away today.




    1971(1st of Kislev, 5732): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1971 (1st of Kislev): Seventy-five year old Yiddish poet and essayist Jacob Glatstein passed away




    1971(1st of Kislev, 5732): Sportscaster Bill Stern passed away at the age of 64.




    1971: U.S. premiere of “Werewolves on Wheels” filmed by cinematographer Isidore Mankofsky.


    1975: Birthdate of New York native Lauren Grodsein, the Rutgers University professor and novelist whose works included the best-seller A Friend of the Family


    1975: U.S. premiere of “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest: produced by Saul Zaentz with a screenplay co-authored by Bo Goldman filmed by cinematographer Haskell Wexler.


    1976: “Mark Lutsker, who had recently completed a two year sentence for draft evasion” received “an exit visa” so he could go to Israel.


    1976: “Dorothy Schiff, editor in chief and publisher of the New York Post announced that she had agreed to sell the afternoon daily to Rupert Murdoch, the Australian publisher.”


    1977:  Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.


    1977: Birthdate of gymnast Kerri Strug, the Tucson, AZ, native who was a member of the Magnificent Seven


    1978: In Israel, four people were killed and thirty were injured as a result of bus bombing that was aimed at citizens of Belgium, Canada, Sweden and the UK.


    1979: Thirteen people waiting at a bus stop were injured by a bomb that had been placed on a bus.


    1979: A second bomb placed on a different bus exploded but there were no reports of casualties.


    1980:CBS TV bans Calvin Klein's jeans ad featuring Brooke Shields. [He is Jewish; she is not.]


    1980: “Taxi” starring Judd Hirsch and created by Ed Weinberger begins its third season.


    1981(22ndof Cheshvan, 5742): Seventy-one year old Michigan State and CFL star and Detroit High School football coach Abe Eliowitz who was the husband of Gertrude Lipman and Ida Sara Lachman passed away today.



    1982(3rdof Kislev, 5743): Sixty year old Canadian born Erving Groffman sociologist passed away today. (As reported by William Dicke




    1983(13thof Kislev, 5744):  Fifty seven year old lyricist Carolyn Leigh passed away.(As reported by G. Gerald Fraser)



    1986(17thof Cheshvan, 5747): Seventy-six year old German born “Swiss musicologist” Harry Goldschmidt passed away today in Dresden.


    1988: A month before his death at the age of 79, Alter Mojze Goldman was elected to the Légion d'Honneur on for his role in the French Résistance today.


    1991(12thof Kislev, 5752): Two days before his 92nd birthday, “Austrian-Swiss ophthalmologist and inventor Hans Goldmann passed away today.




    1991: The Dallas Symphony Orchestra performed a rare Mavin Hamlisch classical symphonic suite titled Anatomy of Peace (Symphonic Suite in one Movement For Full Orchestra/Chorus/Child Vocal Soloist)


    1992: Robert Strauss completed his tour as United States Ambassador to Russia.


    1993: “Addams Family Values” a sequel to “The Adams Family” directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, produced by Scott Rudin and with a script by Paul Rudnick was released in the United States today.


    1994: The Shagmar Commission which had been established to conduct to investigate the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin held its first meeting today.


    1998: During the Mona Lewinsky scandal, The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.


    1998(30th of Cheshvan, 5759): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1998(30th of Cheshvan, 5759): Seventy-seven year old American film producer, writer and director Alan J. Pakula the Yale educated son of Jewish parents from Poland passed away. Some of his more memorable efforts included “To Kill a Mockingbird,” “Sophie’s Choice,” “Klute” and “The Pelican Brief.”



    1999(10thof Kislev, 5760): Eighty-seven year old publisher and editor Alexander Liberman passed away today.



    1999: In Atlanta, GA, the General Assembly of the United Jewish Communities comes to an end.


    2000:  The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including At Memory’s Edge:  After-Images of the Holocaust in Contemporary Art and Architectureby James E. Young, Highlanders:A Journey to the Caucasus in Quest of Memory by Yoav Karny, Lying Awake by Mark Saltzman and Louisa by by Simone Zelitch


    2001: During the investigation of Jack Abramoff’s business dealings in Guam, U.S. Attorney Frederick A. Black, the chief prosecutor for Guam and the instigator of the indictment, was unexpectedly demoted and removed from the office he had held since 1991. The federal grand jury investigation was quickly wound down and took no further action.


    2002: Amram Mitzna “won the Labour's leadership elections today with 54% of the vote.”


    2003(24THof Cheshvan, 5764): Patricia Ter´n Navarrete, 33, of Ecuador was killed and four other tourists, pilgrims from Ecuador, were wounded when a terrorist entered the Israel-Jordan border crossing terminal north of Eilat from the Jordanian side and opened fire. The terrorist was killed by Israeli security guards.


    2003(24thof Cheshvan, 5764): Nineteen year old Sgt. Liron Siboni of Ramat Gan died today from the wounds suffered on September 9th when Hamas terrorist attacked the bus stop next to Tzrifin military base.


    2004(6th of Kislev, 5765): Children’s book illustrator Trina Schart Hyman passes away.


    2004: “National Treasure” an adventure movie directed by Jon Turteltabu who co-produced it along with Jerry Bruckheimer, with music by Trevor Rabin and co-starring Harvey Keitel was released today in the United States.


    2004: “Palaces of Prayer,” sponsored by the Angel Orensanz Foundation, Eldridge Street Project and the Lower East Side Conservancy came to a close today at the Angel Orensanz Center.



    2004:The Wall Street Journalpublishes “They Call It Chrismukkah: ‘The O.C.’ launches a new interfaith holiday” in which columnist Jonathan Eig describes another response to the confluence of Christmas and Chanukah in America. "The O.C.," is a television show which traces the lives of some hip teens in Orange County, Calif. One of them is Seth Cohen, the fictional son of a Protestant mother and a Jewish father.


    2005: The movement that was the first to welcome intermarried families into its synagogues nearly three decades ago now will focus on actively inviting non-Jews to convert to Judaism. That was one of the initiatives announced by Rabbi Eric Yoffie, president of the Union for Reform Judaism, during his Shabbat sermon at the movement’s 68th biennial in Houston.


    2006: TheNew York Times book section featured reviews of Celebrate Myself: The Somewhat Private Life of Allen Ginsberg by Bill Morgan, Collected Poems:1947-1997by Allen Ginsberg, and I, Goldstein: My Screwed Life  by A Goldstein and Josh Alan Friedman


    2007: Eighty-eight year old André Bettencourt, who like so many Frenchmen of his generation had a checkered pass, as can be seen by his service as cabinet under President Pierre Mendès France after having written during the days of Vichy France that Jews were “hypocritical Pharisees whose race has been forever sullied by the blood of the righteous” for which “they will be cursed” passed away today.


    2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, Dovid Broza and Yair Dalal present an evening of love songs in Spanish, Hebrew and Arabic.


    2007(9thof Kislev, 5768): Ninety-one year old Wiera Gran passed away.



    2007: In “Bad and Badder” published today described F. Murray Abraham’s reaction to playing Shylock in The Merchant of Venice and Barabas in Marlowe’s The Jew of Malta



    2007(9th of Kislev, 5768): Ido Zuldan, a 29 year old resident of Shavei Shomron was killed by Palestinian gunman while traveling between two villages on the West Bank while in a separate incident, five Qassam rockets and 18 mortar shells struck the western Negev including at least one rocket that struck the city of Ashkelon.


    2008: Barney Rosset receives a lifetime achievement award from the National Book Foundation in honor of his many contributions to American publishing, especially his groundbreaking legal battles to print uncensored versions of Lady Chatterley’s Lover and Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer. He is also the subject of “Obscene,” a documentary by Neil Ortenberg and Daniel O’Connor.


    2008: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Hadassah Book Club discusses The History of Love by Nicole Krauss at the home of Amy Barnum.


    2008: On its final night the Ninth Annual Rutgers New Jersey Jewish Film Festival presents “Four Seasons Lodge”, a movie about a bungalow colony in New York’s Catskill Mountains, has provided idyllic refuge to a group of Holocaust survivors and their families for nearly three decades.


    2008: Virginia Congressman Eric Cantor won his race to become the new minority whip today, becoming the second-ranking Republican in the US House of Representatives. While the House Republican leadership has been set, the party's own transition has just begun. Wednesday's moves shift the House delegation further to the right, with the elevation of conservatives such as Cantor, the only Jewish Republican in the House of Representatives. The Republican Party as a whole is now debating whether it needs to consolidate its conservative base or reach out to moderates, and the outcome could determine if Jews other than Cantor feel comfortable in the Grand Old Party.


    2008: Facing a tight economic crunch, the New York-based Anti-Defamation League has laid off nearly 10 percent of its staff at its national headquarters, the organization said today.


    2008:Israeli archaeologists excavating what they believe is the tomb of biblical King Herod said today they have unearthed lavish Roman-style wall paintings of a kind previously unseen in the Middle East and signs of a regal two-story mausoleum, bolstering their conviction that the Jewish monarch was buried here.


    2008: Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg replaced Moshe Tamir as commander of The Israel Defense Forces Gaza Division (Territorial) which is subordinate to the Southern Regional Command.


    2008: Today, following dozens of Qassam rockets and mortar rounds which exploded on Israeli soil, the plan for operation cast lead was brought for Barak's final approval.


    2008: John Key assumed office as the 38th Prime Minister of Australia.


    2009: Melvin Urofsky, a professor of law and public policy, discusses and signs "Louis D. Brandeis: A Life," his new biography of the Supreme Court justice, at the National Archives


    2009: At the Trade Fair and Convention Center in Tel Aviv the Fifth International Water Technologies and Environmental Control Exhibition - WATEC Israel 2009 comes to an end.


    2009: Moshe Holtzberg, son of Barvriel and Rivka Holztberg of blessed memory who were murdered by the terrorists in Mumbain in 2008, receives his first haircut at a ceremony called upshiren.


    2009: The Iowa Department of Economic Development Board approved state incentivizes of more than $600,000 that will help kosher meatpacker Agri Star Meat & Poultry in Postville launch a $6.7 million expansion to add a line of oven-baked beef and poultry. 


    2010: Israeli/International Folk Dance for Seniors is the scheduled activity for today at The Jewish Folk Arts Festival.


    2010:An exhibition featuring the work of Ayala Gazit, the Haifa born photographer, entitled “Was It A Dream,” is scheduled to open in New York City.


    2010:Following multiple rockets and mortar shells being fired into southern Israel from the Gaza Strip today, the IDF confirmed that IAF jets successfully struck three terror-related targets in Gaza in response.


    2010(12th of Kislev, 5771): Children’s writer Betty Jean Kirschner, the wife of psychiatrist Robert Jay Lofton, the son of Harold A. Lofton and Ciel Roth, passed away today.


    2010(12th of Kislev, 5771): Seventy six year old  Marvin Levin, a real estate developer who wore a wire in his cowboy boots during a major FBI anti-corruption sting of California’s state government in the 1980s, passed away today



    2011: “Now I Am Talking, Memories of a Woman Partisan” a film that tells the story of Vitka Kovner, the Jewish resistance fighter who was the wife of Abba Kovner, is scheduled to be shown at the Jewish Eye World Jewish Film Festival.


    2011: Adat Reyim is scheduled to host its annual Autumn Art Auction in Springfield, VA.


    2011:Cellist Inbal Segev is scheduled to perform selected string trios as part of the Amerigo trio with Glenn Dicterow and Karen Dreyfus at the music for Youth Concert in New York.


    2011: David “Amram was awarded the 1st Annual Bruce Ricker Lifetime Achievement Award under the auspices of The Paso Digital Film Festival.”


    2011:Israel sees cracks in Syrian power structures amid increasingly violent unrest, and there are signs President Bashar Assad may not be in power for long, Defense Minister Ehud Barak said on today.


    2011:Israel Police and the Communications Ministry cut off the broadcasts of Kol Hashalom radio station today, claiming that they are pirate broadcasts. Kol Hashalom’s operators claim that their offices, which are located in the Palestinian Authority, are not subject to Israeli law, but Palestinian law, and therefore the Communications Ministry does not have the authority to shut it down.


    2011(22nd of Cheshvan, 5772): Eighty-one year old museum curator I. Michael Heyman passed away today.




    2011(22nd of Cheshvan, 5772): Ninety-three year old “Sanford D. Garelik, a former New York City mayoral candidate and a City Council president who served the city amid the fiscal and criminal turmoil of the 1970s” passed away today. (As reported by Matt Flegenheimer)



    2012: Jean-François Copé begins serving as President of the Union for a Popular Movement Group in the French National Assembly,


    2012: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “Jewish World in Action: Facing the Polish-Jewish Refugee Crisis, 1648-1683.”


    2012(5th of Kislev, 5774): Eighty two year old Warren Rudman, the senator who led the fight for a balanced budget passed away today. (As reported by Adam Clymer)



    2012:The Wiener Library and the University of London are scheduled to host "The Strongest Possible Terms": The Evolving Role of Parliamentary Condemnations of Atrocities Past and Present a debate marking the 70th Anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on the Persecution of the Jews.


    2012: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor a musical evening celebrating 100 years of Woody Guthrie. 


    2012: To date, since the start of the year, more than 1,700 rockets have been fired into Israel from Gaza.


    2012: As Sunday gives way to Monday, Israel continues to defend itself during Operation Pillar of Defense.


    2012: Two Katyusha missiles aimed at Israel from Lebanon were “discovered” today in the southern region. Both were set to launch, a security source told Lebanese newspaper The Daily Star.


    2012:Israel’s operation to stem Palestinian rocket fire on southern Israel continued in its sixth day today. The Israel Air Force struck over 80 terrorist targets in Gaza, while Hamas and Islamic Jihad fired 130 rockets into Israel.


    2013: “It’s Better To Jump” and “The Lesson” are scheduled to be shown at the Other Israel Film Festival.


    2013: Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs warned today “that chances of peaceful end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may be ‘irreparably damaged’ unless steps are taken to prevent new Israeli settlement building and ‘other negative developments.’”  The U.N. official did not define what he meant by “other negative developments” but apparently they do not include the murder of Israelis by Arab terrorists and the mortar and rocket attacks that have taken place since the talks began following Israel releasing dozens of terrorist.


    2013: Terrorists in Gaza fired mortars at IDF soldiers on the Israel side of the the border between the Palestinian “entity” and the Jewish state. 


    2013: IAF destroyed a weapons factory and two tunnels used by terrorists this evening in response to Arab attacks which come on the first anniversary of Pillar of Defense.


    2013(16thof Kislev, 5774): Ninety-eight year old children’s book author and editor Charlotte Zolotow passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “The Rosenburg Files: The German Federal Ministry of Justice and the Nazi Past.”


    2014: Center for Judaic Studies and Contemporary Jewish Life is scheduled to present Charles Asher Small speaking on “The Dimensions of Global Anti-Semitism: Will it spread to the U.S.?”


    2014: “Dancing in Jaffa” is scheduled to be shown at the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education.


    2014: The Tulane University Jewish Studies Department under the leadership of Dr. Brian Horowitz is scheduled to present Erga Atad speaking on “How News Becomes News: The Israeli Case.”


    2014: Decent people everywhere mourn the loss of Rabbi Aryeh Kupinsky, 40, Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Goldberg, Rabbi Kalman Levine, 50, Rabbi Moshe Twersky, 59 and Police Officer Zidan Saif, 30 who were brutally murdered yesterday in Jerusalem’s Har Nof neighborhood by two Arab terrorists.


    2014: “Members of Kehilat Bnei Torah Synagogue returned today for morning prayers (Shacharit), the first service held at the shul since the gruesome terror attack Tuesday that left five people dead.” (As reported by Marissa Newman)



    2014: “Police set up checkpoints around some Arab neighborhoods and beefed up their presence across Jerusalem Wednesday as the city boosted security efforts a day after a deadly attack on a synagogue that left five people dead.”


    2014(26thof Cheshvan, 5775): The multi-talented 83 year old Mike Nichols passed away today.



    2015: “According to a new Weizmann Institute study by Professor Eran Segal and R. Eran Elinav” published in today’s issue of the journal “Cell,” the reason it may be “so hard for some people to lose weight” is “because different people’s bodies respond differently to the same meal, depending on their gut bacteria.”


    2015: In Los Angeles, the 29th Israel Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end.


    2015: “A major American Academic association, the American Anthropological Association, overwhelmingly approved a resolution to boycott Israeli academic institutions during the group's annual meeting in Denver, Colorado” today.


    2015:Micah Goodman, a lecturer at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, a research fellow at the Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusalem and the director of Israel’s Ein Prat Midrasha is scheduled to discuss his latest work, Maimonides and the Book That Changed Judaism at the Skirball Center.


    2015: “The Zionist Idea” and “The Kind Words” are scheduled to be shown in Melbourne during the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2016(18th of Cheshvan, 5777): Shabbat Vayera


    2016(18th of Cheshvan, 5777): Eighty-eight year old Oscar winning production designer Paul Sylbert passed away today.



    2016(18th of Cheshvan, 5777): Ninety-five year old optometrist Irving Fradkin the creator of the Dollars for Scholars program passed away today.




    2016: Today, “black paint was poured on a monument for Holocaust victims on Mogilev, a city in Belarus located 150 miles east of the capital of Minsk” which was just one more sign of an increase in anti-Semitism among Ukrainians


    2016; “The Pickle Recipe” and “One Week and A Day” are scheduled to be shown in Brisbane, Australia as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2016; “The Wedding Date” and “The 90 Minute War” are scheduled to be shown at the 20th UK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2016: After six months, “Sign from Iran” an exhibition of 60 original Iranian art posters on display atJerusalem’s Museum for Islamic ‘Art is scheduled to come to an end today.


    2017(1stof Kislev, 5777): Rosh Chodesh Kislev; for more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/


    2017: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to hold its annual meeting where attendees will discuss “Envisioning Our Future Museum.”


    2017: Elisha Wiesel, son of the late Holocaust Survivor and Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, is scheduled to speak at Highland Park, Illinois High School Auditorium where he will reflect “on the indelible legacy his father left for him and the world, and how he works to advance his father's message today.”


    2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Lioness: Golda Meir and the Nation of Israel by Francine Klagsbrun, An Odyssey: A Father, a Son and an Epic by Daniel Mendelsohn, Heather, The Totality by Matthew Weiner, The Age of Perpetual Lightby Josh Weil, Paris in the Present Tense by Mark Helprin and Dead Girls and Other Stories by Emily Geminder as well as he audiobook The State of Affairs: Rethinking Infidelity by Esther Perel


    2017: “The Algemeiner is scheduled to host a conversation with journalist and former Taliban captive Jere Van Dyk on “From Daniel Pearl to Steven Sotloff: Jews and Political Kidnapping.”


    2017: “Ben-Gurion, Epilogue” and “Bye Bye Germany” are scheduled to be shown today in London at the 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: As part of its series of Biblical trials series, the Streicker Center is scheduled to host “The People vs. Eve with Kelly Ayotte as prosecutor and Alan Dershowitz, the attorney who helped Kalus Von Bulow beat the charge of murder, serving as defense attorney.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Joan Nathan whose wide variety of cookbooks included The Jewish Holiday Baker and Jewish Cooking in America continues today.


    2018: “Makeup and lifestyle persona, Ashley Waxman Bakshi” is scheduled to meet her fans at the Jerusalem Azrieli Mall.


    2018: Three days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to the held for 93 year old WW 2 U.S Navy Veteran and ISU electrical engineering graduate Arnold Bucksbaum, who worked on the Apollo Moon Landing Project at Collins and who was a long time member of Temple Judah following which he will be buried at Eben Israel Cemetery.



    2018: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host Dr. Diane Sharon lecturing on “The Secret Life of The Psalms” and Dr. David Kraemer lecturing on “Maimonides: The Man and His Genius.”


    2018: The YIVO Institute is scheduled to host Harriet Jackson lecturing on “Political and Spiritual Resistance, From Russia to France: The Extraordinary Case of Rabbi Zalman Schneerson.”



     


     


     


     


     


     


     


     



     



     



     


     


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    November 20


    331 BCE (21st of Kislev, 3431): According to the Talmud, Simeon the Just destroyed the Samaritan Temple at Mount Gerizim.  The Samaritans had undermined the efforts during the post-exilic period and this move was as much about establishing political sovereignty as it was about wiping out a “high place” intended to compete with Jerusalem.  The victory was marked by a minor festival called Mt. Gerizim Day.



    284: Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor.  Diocletian began a policy of subdividing the various provinces of the Roman Empire into increasingly smaller administrative units.  Palestine, the name the Romans gave to Eretz Israel, was divided into three territories: Palaestina Prima including Judea, Samaria, and the coastal plain, Iduemea and Peraea with Caesarea (the one on the Mediterranean that had played such a key role in the Great Revolt against Rome) as its capital; Palaestina Secunda, consisting of the Galilee and the Golan with Beth-shean (the city to which the ancient Philistines had taken King Saul’s decapitated body) as its capital; Palaestina Terita consisting primarily of the Negev with Petra as its capital.  In a further division of powers, each of these new subdivisions had a military and a civilian head. All of the new bureaucrats who came with these new subdivisions took on aura of divinity connected in keeping with their role as representatives of the Divine Emperor.  What it meant for the people of the empire was further subjugation and impoverishment.  Diocletian was also the last of the Roman Emperors took actively persecute the Christians.  His ultimate successor would adopt a policy that represented a 180 degree and would mark even worse times for the Jewish people.



    542: The Nea Church which contains the Madaba Map, the oldest surviving original cartographic depiction of the Holy Land and especially Jerusalem as part of its floor mosaic was dedicated today.



    1194: Palermo, Sicily, is conquered by Emperor Henry VI. By the time of Henry’s conquest, Jews had been living on the island of Sicily for over a thousand years. Jews had been living in Palermo since the sixth century because we have evidence that in 590 “Pope Gregory the Great ordered the ecclesiastical authorities to reimburse the Jews of Palermo for the damage suffered by the expropriation of their synagogue.” Furthermore, just prior to the conquest, the famous traveler Benjamin of Tudela mentioned the Jewish community of Palermo in his writings.



    1272:Edward I proclaimed King of England. Edward is remembered as the English king, who, after stripping the Jews of their wealth, expelled them from his realm in 1290.



    1316: King John I of France died.  His father, Louis X had issued a decree in 1315 allowing the Jews to return.  We do not know how John felt about the Jews (or anything else for that matter) since he only lived for five days.  We do know that the Jews were allowed to remain in France until the end of the 14th century when they were again expelled.



    1316: King Phillip V, also called Phillip the Long or Phillip the Tall began his reign during which “300,000 men, headed by a deposed priest and a renegade monk began their desultory march to the Holy Land: which included ravaging the Jews of Navarre, slaying 6,000 Jews in Estella and laying siege to Verdun where the Jews took their own lives rather than the victims of this so-called “Shepherd’s Crusade”



    1451: Pope Nicholas V issued an edict empower the bishop of Osma and the vicar of Salamana to appoint new inquisitors to examine the cases of "new-Christians suspected of Judaizing.  The inquisitors were authorized to punish the convict, imprison them, confiscate their goods and disgrace them, to degrade even priests and hand them over to the secular arm - a church euphemism for condemning them to the heretic's stake



    1521: All Jewish wine was dumped by Arabs and heavy fines imposed on the Jewish community of Jerusalem. The Arabs blamed the Jewish use of wine for a severe water shortage. 



    1616: Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War.  Richelieu was the power behind the throne during the reign of King Louis XIII. Any decree issued over the signature of Louis was probably written by Richelieu.   While Jews had long been banished from France, exceptions were made. For example, when the French captured the city of Metz, a special letter was posted allowing the Jews to remain because their presence was a necessity for the good of the Kingdom.  Furthermore, the ban against Jews was not enforced during Louis XIII’s reign in his overseas possessions. Once again, thanks to economic needs, in places such as Martinique, the Jews were allowed to settle while engaged in trade and practicing their faith.



    1657: Manasseh Ben Israel passed away. Manasseh Ben Israel will always be remembered as the Jewish leader who negotiated with Oliver Cromwell to gain the right for Jews to settle in England.



    http://www.jewishmuseum.org.uk/jb-Menasseh-ben-Israel



    https://archive.org/details/menassehbenisra00isragoog



    http://www.jewish-history.com/Occident/volume3/may1845/menasseh.html



    1785: “The earliest known Yiddish letter from the United States was written by Barnard Gratz of Philadelphia to his brother Michael in London today.



    1789: New Jersey became the first state to ratify the amendments to the U.S. Constitution known as the Bill of Rights with its guarantee of Freedom of Religion.  It would take another two years for the Bill of Rights to become part of the Constitution. Virginia would put it over the top in December of 1791.



    1790: Governor of Georgia Edward Telfair authorized a charter for the "Parnas and Adjuntas of Mickve Israel at Savannah" under which the congregation still operates.



    1796: David Levy married Hannah Solomons at the Great Synagogue today.



    1808: During a debate on “Jewish emancipatory legislation Friedrich Leopold Freiherr von Schrötter, the Prussian minister of state and veteran of the Seven Years War, expressed his opinion about the demonstration of “Jewish valor on the battle field in which he said “The Jew has fiery oriental blood in his veins and vivid imagination, all indicative of virile courage, when utilized and carried into practice.  He was very brave in the ancient and middle epochs and even in very recent times” during “the American as well as French Revolutionary Wars.  The timidity of the Jews arises, according to my opinion, from the serfdom in which they are kept and from the contempt in which all nations regard them.”



    1811: Moses Phillips married Esther Jacobs at the Great Synagogue today.



    1816: Birthdate of Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin, the native of Mir, Belarus, who was “also known as Reb Hirsch Leib Berlin, and commonly known by the acronym Netziv amd was an Orthodox rabbi, dean of the Volozhin Yeshiva and author of several works of rabbinic literature in Lithuania.



    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/naftali-tzvi-yehudah-berlin-the-netziv



    1823: Birthdate of Baruch Hirsch Strousberg, the native of Neidenburg, East Prussia, who gained fame as Christian convert Bethel Henry Strousberg, the German industrialist who lost most of his railway empire following business reverses that took place after the Franco-Prussian War.



    1827(1st of Kislev, 5588): Rosh Chodesh



    1827: One day after she had passed away, 34 year old Sophia (Minden) Cohen the wife of Aaron Cohen, was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.



    1829: The Jews were expelled from the Russian cities of Nikolayev and Sevastopol.



    1833: Samuel Cohen married Hannah Phillips at the Great Synagogue today.



    1836: Seventy year old Aaron Lazarus, who had married Ann Levy after his first wife Sophia Lehman had passed away, was buried today in the United Kingdom.



    1842: Birthdate of Italian lawyer, editor and political leader Caser Porec.



    1842: Morris Lee married Rebecca Duke today in the City of London



    1850: Birthdate of Joseph Samuel Bloch, an Austrian rabbi, who aggressively fought August Rohling, one of the leading Austrian anti-Semites – a stand which resulted in his being elected to the Chamber of Deputies.



    1850: In Columbia, SC, Rabbi P.S. Jacobs officiated at the wedding of Jacob Levin and Julia Mordecai.



    1857: In Westphalia, German Solomon Spiegel and Rosalie Herzberg gave birth to Cincinnati trained lawyer Frederick S. Spiegel, the husband of Minnie Steinberg who became a Judge of Court of Common Pleas in the 1stJudicial District of Ohio.



    1858: The Executive Committee of the Representatives of the United Congregations of Israelites of the City of New York addressed a letter to President James Buchanan concerning the Mortara Case. The letter included reference to the letter sent by London Committee of Deputies of British Jews “to their brethren in the United States” seeking their support in having the boy who was kidnapped in Bologna returned to his family.  The letter informed the President of the support being offered by several European nations and of plans to hold a public meeting to enlist public support in the United States. The committee reminded President Buchanan of the prompt action taken by President Van Buren in 1840 when he was asked to intervene to aid the persecuted Jews of Damascus and expressed the hope that he would do the same.



    1858: At Vienna, Dr. of Jurisprudence Gustav Fruend and Rosa Fruend gave birth to Dr. of Jurisprudence Hugo Freund.



    1858(13th of Kislev, 5619): Hirsch Edelman, the native of White Russia, who worked at Oxford’s Bodelian Library where he produced several works on of the most famous of which was Derekh Tovim: The Path of Good Men, “a compilation of writings by Judah ibn Tibbon and Maimonides along with Arabic and Greek proverbs in Hebrew” passed away today.



    1859: In Lancaster, PA, Moses Aaron gave birth to Israel Aaron the graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College who served as a rabbi at Fort Wayne, Indiana, before filling the pulpit at Temple Beth Zion in Buffalo, NY.



    1863: During the Civil War, Philadelphian Albert M. Sigmund completed his service as an Assistant Surgeon with the 38th Regiment.



    1864(21st of Cheshvan, 5625): Fifty-year old Jacob Ezekiel Lowy, the nation of Austrian Silesia passed at Beuthen where he had been serving as rabbi since 1854.passed away today.



    1869: In Kalwaria, Poland, Nehemiah Spectorsky and Hannah Leah Hirschberg give birth to Isaac Spectorsky, the husband of Frances Hurwitz and graduate of the “New York University School of Pedagogy” who was superintendent of the Education Alliance in New York and assistant principal of the Baron de Hirsch Trade School as well as the editor of the Cleveland Jewish Free Press and the author of Yiddish Method of English for Immigrants.



    1870: It was reported today that Robert C. De Large, a mulatto with a Jewish father has defeated Mr. C.C. Bowen in the race for the Second Congressional District in South Carolina. A Republican, Mr. De



    1877: In “Suwalki, Poland,” Louis and Rebecca Goldstein Rosenthal, gave birth to Elizabeth “Lizzie” Rosenthal who became Elizabeth Feinberg when she married Moses Feinberg.



    1880: It was reported today that the Purim Association will be hosting a ball in March at the Academy of Music “for the benefit of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.”



    1880: In Germany, the members of the government are expected to face questioning from deputies about anti-Semitic “agitation” that has been taken place.



    1880: According to a referee’s reported filed today described the sham by Henry Cone, Abraham Altman, Emanuel Levi and the Third National that enabled them to gain control of the Buffalo clothing firm Friedman & Co owned by Jacob and Burnet Friedman.



    1881: It was reported today that “the King of Denmark has knighted four Jews in Jutland.”



    1881: A resolution was adopted by a group at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum to hold a meeting on November 27 to discuss ways to deal with the unprecedented demand on resources being created by the arrival of the wave of immigrants from Russia.



    1883: The Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum held its second annual charity ball tonight.



    1884: Birthdate of Norman Thomas social reformer and frequent Socialist candidate for President of the United States.  Thomas was not Jewish but he was active in numerous causes that affected the Jewish People.  He was a founder of the American Civil Liberties Union.  As a member of the America First Committee he opposed America’s entry into World War II until Pearl Harbor changed his mind.  At the same time, he worked to change American policy during the 1930’s to make it possible for Jewish victims of the Nazis to enter the United States.



    1885: It was reported today that while the Reform movement has approved substituting Sunday services for Saturday services, such will not be the case in Cincinnati, Ohio.  Rabbi Wise, who spoke approvingly of the change said that it was not necessary to make the change in the Queen City.



    1886: Birthdate of Alexandre Stavisky, the Ukrainian born French financer whose elaborate swindle gave rise to the infamous Stavisky Affair, a scandal that rocked France in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s.



    1886: It was reported today that the recent decision of the Supreme Court that “affirmed the illegality of keeping open a shop on Sunday “for the purpose of doing business’” will work an extra hardship on Jewish merchants.  The police had allowed them keep their shops open on Sunday “on the supposition” that because they observed the Sabbath on Saturday they were not covered by the law.  Rabbi Solomon Schindler has already chaired a packed meeting at the Columbus Avenue Synagogue on this subject.  The Jews will comply with the law but will work to have the legislature change it in the next session.



    1886(22nd of Cheshvan, 5647): After having been struck by a Hansom cab, 54 year old artist Rebecca Solomon passed away today.



    http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/solomon-rebecca



    http://jwa.org/media/rebecca-solomon-wounded-dove-1866



    1887: “Miss Adams, The Writer” published today traces the life and career of Hannah Adams, the first American woman to earn her living as an author.  Her works included The History of the Jewswhich was published in 1812.  The full title was The History of the Jews from the Destruction of Jerusalem to the Present Time and it may be the first book on this topic published in the United States.



    1887: “Reading From Right to Left” published today relied on information that first appeared in the Hebrew Journal to speculate as to way Hebrew is read from right to left.  “The most pertinent reason lies in the fact that our vision from right to left is much clearer and stronger than it is from left to right.”



    1887: “Emma Lazarus” published today provided a laudatory obituary of the Jewish poet who passed away yesterday.



    1887: Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler delivered a lecture to the congregants at Temple Beth-El entitled “Prejudice.”



    1888: A concert was given tonight at the Metropolitan Opera House to raise money for the Aguilar Free Library, an institution supported by the leading Jews of New York City.



    1888(16th of Kislev, 5649): Forty-seven year old Mitchell J. Asch, the “son of Clarissa and Joseph M. Asch” and the husband of “Manuella Asch” passed away in New York.



    1888: As the Third Republic continued to be torn apart by competing factions “Count Munster, the German Ambassador in Paris” reported to his government in Berlin that Baron Hirsch, the Jewish financier and philanthropist was willing to put “a few million” down in support of General Ernest Boulanger “the man on White Horse” who had risen to power originally with the support of one of the sons of the former Orlean kings.



    1888(16th of Kislev, 5649): Simon Lederer, a prominent New York merchant passed away today.  Born in Austria in 1823, he came to the United States in 1857 where he pursued a 17 year career in the tobacco business  first with Gustav Resiman and  then as a partner in Bondy & Lederer. A life-long bachelor, he was a generous but modest supporter of Jewish charities.



    1889: Gustav Mahler’s 1st Symphony premiered.  Mahler was born Jewish and was still nominally Jewish when he wrote the First Symphony.  He converted to Roman Catholicism in 1897 so that he could become Director of the State Opera.



    1889: Birthdate of “German textile merchant and manufacturer Karl Amson Joel who fled the Nazis via Switzerland and Cuba and was the “grandfather of conductor Alexander Joel and musician Billy Joel.”



    https://www.revolvy.com/page/Karl-Amson-Joel



    1889(26th of Cheshvan, 5650): Sixty-seven year old Dutch bibliographer Meyer Roest  who “to various Jewish periodicals, such as the Dutch Spectator and the Taalkundig Magazin, and edited the (non-Jewish) Navorscher and Israelietische Nieuwsbode for several years and whose best known work is Catalog der Hebraica und Judaica aus der L. Rosenthal'schen Bibliothek passed away in his native Amsterdam today.



    1890: As the “run” on Citizens’ Saving Bank, located on the Lower East Side with a large number of poor, Jewish depositors, it was suggested “that Chief Rabbi Joseph be invited to examine the thousands of dollars in the bank’s vault and then tell his people what he had seen” – a move that the Bank President hoped would reassure the depositors and end the run.



    1890: In Richmond, VA, “Philip and Mary (Meyer)” gave birth dentist Harry Bear, the first graduate of the School of Dentistry at Virginia Common University to serve as its dean and the husband of Betty Gellman.



    https://prabook.com/web/harry.bear/1064794



    https://dentistry.vcu.edu/about/history/



    1892 (1st of Kislev, 5653): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1892(1st of Kislev, 5653): Seventy-two year old Haim Nathan Dembitzer the Galician rabbi and historian who worked with historian Heinrich Graetz and  whose publications include a biography of Tosafist Joseph Porat passed away today.



    1892: The Hebrew Orphan Asylum Military Band is scheduled to play at a fundraiser at Central Turn Hall which will be addressed by Ferdinand Levy, Judge Henry M. Goldfogle and Dr. Herman Baar, the Superintendent of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum



    1892: A service is scheduled to take place this morning at Temple Emanu-El to honor the memory of the recently deceased Seligman Adler.



    1892: “Russia and Her Jews” published today provided a detailed review of The New Exodus” a Study of Israel in Russia by Harold Frederic a Presbyterian journalist and novelist who had just visited Russia last summer.



    1893: As of today the tenants at 59, 61, 63, and 65 Moore Street, all of whom are Russian Jews are to have vacated the premises as ordered the Civil Justice in Brooklyn.



    1894(21st of Cheshvan, 5655): Russian born pianist and composer Anton Rubinstein passed away.



    1894: Birthdate of English film composer and music director, Louis Levy.



    https://www.discogs.com/artist/942790-Louis-Levy



    1894: Pauline and George Washington Milius gave birth to Dorothy Milius who was the wife of “Sidney Walter Kaufman and Sidney Salkey.”



    1894: Birthdate of Austrian screenplay writer Carl Mayer who, with the rise of the Nazis, fled to Britain where he would die young, poor and almost completely forgotten. 



    1896: Birthdate of Rakhel Peisoty, the native of the Ukraine who gained fame as American labor leader Rose Pesotta best known for her work with the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union.



    1896: “Rachel Frank of California, the only woman rabbi who is famous as the ‘inspired prophet’ of the Jews on the Pacific Coat” was “conspicuous among” the delegates at the just completed first convention of the National Council of Jewish Women



    1896: As the first convention of the National Council of Jewish Women during which Joseph Jacobs of London gave an address in which he said “The future of Judaism lies with Jewish woman and  Mrs. Hannah G. Solomon was elected president came to an end.



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=FA0812FC385515738DDDA90A94D9415B8685F0D3



    1896: Professor H. L Sabsovich, the General Agent of the Baron De Hirsch Fund officiated at the service dedicating the new synagogue in Woodbine, NJ, a colony settled by Russian-Jews.  The service included a sermon in English by Rabbi Sabato Morris and a sermon in German by Dr. Morris Jastrow.



    1896: Birthdate of Russian author Yevgenia Ginzburg.



    1897: The Beni Zion Association is scheduled to meet at 7:30 p.m. in King’s Hall in London



    1898: A summary of the United Hebrew Charities report for October revealed that the society had processed 2,243 applications that would provide assistance to 7,477 people.



    1898(6th of Kislev, 5659): Fifty-five year old Emanuel Wachenheim passed away tonight at Bellevue after he had brought to the hospital from the Victor Hotel where he had registered under an assumed name and may have tried to take his own life.



    1898: Birthdate of “German textile merchant and manufacturer” Karl Amson Joel, “the grandfather of conductor Alexander Joel” and pop-star Billy Joel.



    https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Karl%20Amson%20Joel&item_type=topic



    1898: Vice President Maruice Untermyer gave the opening address at the formal dedication of “the new home of the Hebrew Infant Asylum” which included a performance by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Band.



    1899: Birthdate of Bohemian born “Austrian-Swiss ophthalmologist and inventor” Hans Goldmann. (Some sources show November 21 as his birthdate)



    http://www.ascrs.org/honorees/hans-goldmann-md



    1901: At the opening meeting of the Second New York State Conference of Charities and Correction, Rabbi Adolph Radin of the People’s Synagogue and Chaplain of the House of Refuge arose from his chair and said, “I wish to register…my protest in the name of justice and humanity against the action of the Juvenile Asylum” to which “Jewish children are sent…and after a brief period are sent to Christian families.” He compared this form of proselytism to the practices of Czar Nicholas II.



    1901: A devastating fire broke out a four story brick factory building in Brooklyn, the top floor of which was occupied by Isadore Gerber’s sweatshop.



    1902: “The Jewish Theological Seminary held its first public gathering this evening in the hall of the Young Men's Hebrew Association at Lexington Avenue ad Ninety-Second Street. Prof. Solomon Schechter, the professor at Cambridge University, England, who is known for his archaeological work in the Genizah of Cairo, made his inaugural address as President of the Faculty of the new seminary.”  Dr. Cyrus Adler, President of the Board of Trustees, followed with a speech that outlined the development of Jewish educational institutions in the United States.



    1903: Birthdate of journalist and co-editor of the Menorah, Herbert Solow who began as a Bolshevik and ended up working for Henry Luch.



    1905: “Says President Can Act” published today includes a challenge by Charles Fleisher a Boston Rabbi to the notion that there is nothing President Roosevelt can do to help the Jews of Russia saying that “if both as an individual and the representative of 80,000,000 people consecrated to decency and brotherhood, Mr. Roosevelt express with character vigor the indignant protest of America, then the Czar cannot choose but take notice.



    1905: Oscar S. Straus presided over The National Committee for the Relief of Sufferers by Russian Massacre held a meeting today in Temple Emanu-El during which reports were read by Treasurer Jacob H. Schiff, Secretary Cyrus L. Sulzberger “and the various trade committees that have been soliciting funds.



    1905: As of today, the Jewish Relief Fund for the victims of the Russian massacres has reached the $500,000 dollar mark including $152 from the Jewish community in Hamilton, Ohio, $20 from Congregation Temple Israel in Portsmouth, N.H., $111 from the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of Ybar City, FL and $93 from the Orthodox Jews of Wichita, KS,



    1905: It was reported today that in England “at a good many churches preachers have made references to the Russian atrocities” and that a number of congregations have adopted “formal resolutions expressing sorrow and shame that in the name of Christ’s religion and in a Christian county such acts of fiendish cruelty have been perpetrated.



    1905: It was reported today that National Committee collecting money for the relief of the Russian Jews who are being massacred has raised $498,651 including $500 from “the Jews of Bradford, PA,” $200 from Dr. Morris Skalmer, West Colfax Settlement, Denver, Colorado,” $93 from the “Orthodox Jews of Wichita, Kansas and $112 from the Canton Hebrew Congregation, Canton, Ohio.



    1908: The Grand Vizir of Morocco sent a letter to President of the Alliance Israelite Universelle approving educational work and stating that the new Sultan is resolved to protect Jews.



    1909(7th of Kislev, 5670): Mrs. Schore Shapiro passed away today.

    1909: The One-hundredth anniversary of the death of Moses Mendes Seixas was observed at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in New York. Gershom Mendes Seixas was the first native-born rabbi in the United States. He was one of seven children of Rachel and Isaac Seixas. He was born in New York City on January 15, 1746. He was the first rabbi in America to give his sermons in English. He gave sermons which dealt with Jewish participation in the life of the state and made appeals for support of the American Revolution and against the British-Indian raids in the Northwest Territory. When the council members of Philadelphia made eligibility for an assembly seat dependent on professing the divine origin of the New Testament, he and other Jews fought against this unconstitutional religious test.



    1911: In Munich, Bruno Walter conducted the premiere of Mahler’s Das Lied von der Erde.



    1911: The Hebrew Congress meeting in Lemberg, Galicia came to a close.



    1911: As American indignation over the Russian treatment of American Jews in Russia continued to grow, members of the “Progressive Order of the West” petitioned Missouri Governor Herbert Hadley to “write to President Taft” asking him to “take action on the Passport Question.”



    1911: Missouri Governor Hadley wrote to President Taft “advocating the abrogation of the Treaty of 1832” with Russia.



    1911: It was reported today that in Camden, NJ, the Hebrew school will shortly open a course for girls since it now successfully is conducting three classes for male students.



    1911: In Warsaw, “Regina and Benjamin Szymin, a respected publisher of Yiddish and Hebrew Books” gave birth to David Syzmin who gained fame as David Seymour famed photographer and co-founder of Magnum Photos.



    http://davidseymour.com/



    http://lightbox.time.com/2013/01/16/a-second-look-chims-children-of-war/#1



    http://merrill.umd.edu/events/visible-scars-children-and-war-photography-david-chim-seymour



    http://museum.icp.org/mexican_suitcase/bio_chim.html



    1912:Lee K. Frankel of New York, Simon Rosendale of Albany, and William M. Rosendale of New York attended the second day of New York State Conference of Charities and Correction at Syracuse, NY.



    1912: The Alliance Israelite Universelle New York branch which is led by its President Kaufman Mandell issued an appeal for aid on behalf “of our brethren who have been left homeless and falling victim to Cholera” as a result of the “massacres and devastations of the Balkan War” in which thousands of more Jews have lost their lives.



    1913: Arnold Schoenberg completed the opera "Die glückliche Hand" ("The Hand of Fate")



    1913: Birthdate of Charles Bettelheim, a French economist and historian and founder of the Center for the Study of Modes of Industrialization (CEMI).



    1913: Birthdate of Leo Hanin, the native of Vilna who found refuge in China and Japan before finally making Aliyah in 1948



    http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/idcard.php?ModuleId=10006693



    1913: Birthdate of Professor Henry A. Fischel, the noted linguist who played a key role in the founding of the Jewish Studies Program at Indiana University



    1914: “For the Relief of Jews” published today urged donors making contributions to The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews to send them to Treasurer Harry Fischel at the World Building.



    1915(13th of Kislev, 5676): In Chicago, Dr. Adolf Decker a physician and chess champion passed away.



    1915: The New York County Chapter of the Red Cross of which Jacob H. Schiff is Treasurer “issued a Thanksgiving appeal for further funds for work in Europe.”



    1915: “Dr. Schechter Dead; Noted As A Scholar” published today



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9407E5D8133FE233A25753C2A9679D946496D6CF



    1915: “A Great Thinker” published today described Dr. Cyrus Adler’s view of his friend and colleague, Dr. Solomon Schechter of blessed memory which included his statement that Schechter’s “most notable scientific discovery was the great find of the Hebrew treasures in the so-called Genizah at Cairo, Egypt which was the greatest single discovery of ancient manuscripts that has ever been made by one man” and that included “the lost original of the Hebrew text of Ecclesisasticus.”



    1916: According to reports published today the new facility of the Young Men’s and the Young Women’s Hebrew Association being built in Brooklyn “is the first of its type to provide equal accommodations for men and women” and will be “equipped with two gymnasiums and swimming pools



    1916: Birthdate of Lilian Halpernova, who was transported from Prague in 1942 to Ujazdow where she was murdered.



    1917: “The Chicago Woman’s Aid” is schedule to “hold its next regular meeting today at 2:00 p.m. at Sinai Center.”



    1917: “Approximately five thousand men and women composing the 1917 Committee For Six Thousand” are scheduled to “attend the Opening Dinner Rally at the Standard Club” this evening which will mark the “launcing of the Ten Day Campaign to raise additional funds for the Associated Charities” in Chicago.



    1917(5th of Kislev, 5678): Caroline "Carrie" Goldman Bendel, the daughter of Lewis and Sarah Peterson Goldman and the wife of Edward Henry Bendel passed away today after which she was interred in the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation Cemetery.



    1917: As the Empire of Russia collapses, the Ukraine declares itself an independent republic. In the ensuing civil war, as many as 100,000 Jews may have been killed in organized pogroms or by forces competing for control who had one thing in common --- anti-Semitism.



    1917: “The Woman’s Society of Zion Congregation” is scheduled to act as “hostess to the Jewish women of the sixty-three organizations affiliated with the ‘Chicago Conference’’ this afternoon at the Zion Temple on Ogden Avenue and Washington Boulevard.



    1917: Nathan Straus, Henry Morgenthau and Jacob Schiff were among those who attended a meeting tonight where plans were discussed for the upcoming campaign in which New Yorkers were aiming to raise five million dollars for Jewish Relief and for the Jewish Welfare Board in the United Army and Navy.



    1917: In Palestine, during the Battle of Nebi Samwil, which was part of the British offensive designed to capture Jerusalem, the 75th Division advanced along water-logged muddy roads and seized the villages of Saris and Kuryet el Enab which had been held by a rearguard detachment which meant the main body of the Ottoman Army was still waiting for them.



    1917: In Johannesburg, SA, those attending “a mass meeting” adopted a resolution “favoring the establishment of a national home for Jews in Palestine” and “thanking the Imperial Government for its sympathy and support” in attaining this end.



    1918: In “Palestine Needs Aid” published today an appeal was made for the “contributions of clothing for men, women and children for immediate ship to Palestine” where “an epidemic of pneumonia is threatening the population of Galilee who are facing the cold weather in a practically naked condition.”



    1918: Rabbi Joseph Silverman is scheduled to officiate at the funeral of Civil War veteran and successful Peoria (Illinois) businessman Captain Joseph B. Greenhut this morning at 10 o’clock at Temple Emanuel with burial at Salem Field Cemetery.



    1920(9th of Kislev, 5681): Parashat Vayetzei



    1920”Rabbi Max Reichler is scheduled to deliver a sermon this morning on “The Pursuit of Happiness” at Sinai of the Bronx this morning



    1920: Rabbi Samuel Schulman is scheduled to deliver the sermon this morning at Temple Beth-El at 5th Avenue and 76th Street.



    1921(20th of Cheshvan, 5682): Seventy-seven year old David Zvi Hoffmann passed away today in Berlin.



    http://seforim.blogspot.com/2012/01/rabbi-david-hoffmann-zl-by-eliezer-m.html



    1922: The Conference of Lausanne, one of the many peace conferences held to windup World War I which was covered by Albert Karasu opened today. Born in 1885 in Ottoman Salonika, he went to school in Switzerland before returning to Istanbul where he founded Le Journal d’Orient which survived until 1971, 11 years before Karasu passed away.



    1923: In Springs, Transvaal, Union of South Africa, Isidore Gordimer,  a Jewish immigrant watchmaker from Žagarė and Hannah "Nan" (Myers) Gordimer gave birth to Nadine Gordimer. a South African Jewish novelist and writer, winner of the 1991 Nobel Prize in literature and 1974 Booker Prize.  Gordimer was educated at an Anglican convent school. Thereafter she studied for a year at Witwatersrand University, but did not complete her degree. During the 1960s and 1970s she taught at several universities in the United States. She drew praise for her demand that South Africa re-examine and replace its long held policy of apartheid. As such, most of her works deal with the moral and psychological tensions of her racially divided home country. Her first novel, The Lying Days, was published in 1953. A founding member of the Congress of South African Writers, Gordimer has been awarded numerous honorary degrees, as well as France's Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.



    1924: Birthdate of mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot. Mandelbrot is a leading proponent of fractal geometry. He is Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Emeritus at Yale University and IBM Fellow Emeritus at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center.



    http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/17/us/17mandelbrot.html



    1925: “Countess Maritza” a silent film with a script by Max Glass was released today in Germany.



    1925: In Moscow, Rachel Messerer-Plisetskaya, a silent-film actress and “Mikahil ‘Misha’ Plisetski, a diplomat and engineer” gave birth to “ballet dancer, choreographer, ballet director, and actress Maya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya.”



    http://www.timesofisrael.com/russia-mourns-jewish-ballet-rebel-maya-plisetskaya/



    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/03/arts/dance/maya-plisetskaya-ballerina-who-embodied-bolshoi-dies-at-89.html



    1925:  Birthdate of Robert F. Kennedy who was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan in 1968 be he was supposedly upset because Kennedy was a supporter of the state of Israel.



    1928: Birthdate of “Sgt. Alec ‘Moishe’ Freedman,” the native of Stepney-Middlesex who was wounded when the 1st Battalion Leicestershires attacked Hill 317 “on the night of November 6th, 1951.”



    1928: “For the first time in the history of the Zionist movement in America, 150 leaders of the Zionist and non-Zionist facts met at a dinner” tonight at the Hotel Astor” where “they discussed plans for the intensive development of Palestine as the national home of the Jews and joined in praising Dr. Chaim Weizmann…for his recent achievement in healing the split between Zionists and non-Zionists.”



    1929: Birthdate of Joyce Beber (née Sacks) the yesihiva student turned advertising executive who co-founded Beber Silverstein & Partners and created numerous memorable campaigns for the Helmsley group of hotels, which successfully promoted Leona Helmsley and her hotel chain, but led to her being hired and fired four times by Helmsley.


    1929: Rabbi Judah P. Magnes declares that Palestine must be a place for Christians, Moslems and Jews. He sees Palestine as an international home for people of all three faiths and calls for “the renunciation of all ideas of Jewish political domination” along with the development of “cultural Zionism.”



    1929: Today, Gertrude Berg's popular radio program, The Goldbergs, about an upwardly mobile American Jewish family debuted on NBC radio. Berg developed the kernel of the show as a series of live sketches to entertain guests at her family's Catskills hotel. It was produced in recurrent runs as a daily 15-minute program on NBC and other networks for nearly two decades before shifting to television in January, 1949. On both radio and TV, Berg served as the sole writer, producer, and star of one the nation's most popular programs. Throughout its 30 years on radio and television, as well as in presentations on Broadway and on film, The Goldbergs dealt explicitly with Jewish life in the United States, joking about the cultural differences between "old world" immigrants and their American-born offspring. Berg's Molly became a cultural touchstone, a figure combining old world wisdom, new world common sense, and a mother's humanity in confronting the perplexities of American life. Over the show's three decades, the Goldberg family moved from a New York City tenement to the Bronx and later to suburban Connecticut, mirroring the upward progression of many Jews into the American mainstream. Although Berg continued to produce The Goldbergs into the 1950s, the show's popularity declined. The demise of The Goldbergs reflects the homogenizing trend in postwar American society. As millions of ethnic Americans fled their traditional urban enclaves in search of an un-hyphenated, simply "American" identity in the suburbs, programming explicitly grounded in ethnic cultures gave way to more all-American shows like Leave it to Beaver and Father Knows Best. The Goldbergs went off the air in 1955.



    1933(2nd of Kislev): Rabbi Moses Mordecai Epstein, author of Levush Mordecai, passed away today.



    1934: Lillian Hellmann’s "Children's Hour," premieres in New York City.



    1934: The Hartford Symphony Orchestra, which Fritz Mahler served as music director from 1953-1962 performed for the first time tonight.



    1934: After Nazi students interrupted his lectures, Felix Hausdoff stopped teaching his Calculus III course during the winter semester.



    1935: In Michigan, Miriam Meckler-Horowitz, a piano teacher, and Ben Meckler, an English teacher, in Detroit, gave birth to Ruth Meckler who gained fame as pianist Ruth Laredo.



    http://www.ruthlaredo.com/



    1935: King Levinsky, who had recently been knocked out by a youthful Joe Louis, “fought professional wrestler Ray Steele in a bout that attracted national interest.”



    1936: William Green, the President of the American Federation of Labor today “protested again the persecution of the Jews in Germany by the Hitler government voicing indignation against the attacks on a race which had committed no wrong and which, during the centuries, ‘has made its contribution toward freedom and the spiritual welfare of the world.’”



    1936: At Temple Emanu-El, Rabbi Samuel H. Godenson is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “The Stone That Became the Altar.”



    1936: At the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall, author Marvin Lowenstein is schooled to deliver an address on “The Jews of Germany.”



    1936: At Temple Rodeph Shalom, Rabbi Louis I Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon “Where is the Gates of Heaven?”



    1936: In Perth Amboy, NJ, Murray Goldstein and the former Evelyn Bier gave birth to Charles Arthur Goldstein a successful attorney who worked to recover Holocaust art.



    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/06/nyregion/charles-goldstein-dies-at-78-sought-return-of-art-looted-by-nazis.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=0



    1936: Today, Premier Benito Mussolini sent money and an invitation to come to Italy to the Polish-Jeish student Janien Berg, who has been unable to finish his studies” in Warsaw “because of anti-Semitic riots.



    1938: Father Coughlin made the first of his many anti-Semitic attacks on his radio show. Using Nazi documents, American radio commentator Father Charles Coughlin contends that Jews are responsible for Russian communism and for Germany's problems. All of Coughlin's radio programs are approved by his archdiocese as not contradicting Catholic faith or morals. Some Catholics protest Coughlin's broadcasts, including Chicago's Cardinal George Mundelein, but most of the American Church is silent.



    1939: In what had been Poland, the Nazi Generalgouvernement blocked all bank accounts held by Jews. Withdrawals were limited to thirty dollars per month.



    1939: In a letter bearing today’s date sent to Representative Martin Dies, Chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities, Harry A. Jung, honorary general manager of the American Vigilant Intelligence Federation wrote that he had never corresponded with Oscar C. Pfaus, “director of a Nazi propaganda agency called Ficte Bund” or “anyone else about going on any publication board for an alleged Nazi magazine”



    1940: Britain announced a more stringent policy aimed at Jews trying to enter Palestine illegally.  Jews found on ships running the British blockade will not be allowed to enter Palestine.  They will be taken to an undetermined colonial destination where they will be imprisoned until the end of the war.  At that time, there final destination, which will not be Palestine or the site of the imprisonment will be determined. 



    1940: The Jewish Agency informed Prime Minister Churchill of the inhumane conditions under which Jewish detainees are being held on the island of Mauritius.



    1940: In Manhattan, attorney Walter J. Loria and his wife Ruth gave birth Jerry Loria, the art dealer who bought the Miami Marlins major league baseball team.



    1940: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers. This is the first step on the long road which will belatedly bring the Holocaust to the Jews of Hungary including Nobel Prize Winner Elie Weisel.



    1941(30th of Cheshvan, 5702): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1941(30th of Cheshvan, 5702): Approximately 7000 Jews from Minsk, Belorussia, are killed at nearby Tuchinka.



    1942 (11th of Kislev, 5703): Rechaviah Lewin-Epstein, who was in charge of the economic work of the American Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs died in Cairo today at the age of 49 while on his way to Palestine to continue his work.  Mr. Lewin-Epstein, the son of author and Zionist leader Elias W. Lewin-Epstein, established The Bureau of American Economic Committee for Palestine an organization he headed until 1938.  He returned to New York in 1939 after he had “facilitated the settlement of thousands of refugees in agriculture, industry and trade” in Palestine.



    1942: U.S. premiere of “Strictly in the Groove” featuring Shemp Howard



    1942: Birthdate of folk singer Norman Greenbaum.



    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WPPlGFh6OpQ



    1943: Facing withering fire from Japanese artillery and machine guns, U.S. Marines land on Tarawa.  This bloody battle provides part of the backdrop for “Battle Cry,” the World War II novel by Leon Uris.



    1943: This afternoon several hundred residents of Tel Aviv protested the search that had been carried out at Ramat Hakovesh.  The protesters also demanded the release of men who had been arrested during the search. 



    1943: “Winged Victory,” a play originally created and produced by the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II as a morale booster and as a fundraiser for the Army Emergency Relief Fund” with a script by Moss Hart that “tells the story of a group of recruits struggling to make it through pilot training” opened in New York at the Forty-Fourth Street Theatre today and became a smash hit, playing to over 350,000 people in 226 performances.



    1943: Madeline Dreyfus who had chosen to remain in France as part of the Resistance instead of joining most of her family in the United States was sent to Auschwitz. Her grandmother Lucie Eugénie Hadamard, Colonel Dreyfus’ widow stayed with her.  She would be hidden in a convent, survive the war and not pass away until 1945.



    1943: The Nazis auction off the furniture and household possessions of the family of Isak Plesansky in an example of how the property of Norwegian Jews “mysteriously” disappeared.



    1944: Forty-five year old anti-Nazi resistance leader Leo Drabent who had been arrested by the Gestapo along with his wife and eight other comrades was” guillotined at the Brandenburg-Gorden Prison” today.



    1944(4th of Kislev, 5705): Havivah Reik and Rafael Reiss, together with a group of captured Jews, were murdered in the Kremnica forest by the Germans and their Slovakian fascist collaborators. They dumped the bodies into a large ditch that served as a mass, unmarked grave.



    1944: “The special People’s Court sentenced “Hans Neumann, Leo Drabant, his wife along with eight other resistance members” “to death because they had ‘attempted to destroy the resistance of the German People…”


    1944(4th of Kislev, 5705):Haviva Reik was captured and executed by the Nazis and members of the Ukrainian Waffen SS. Born in 1914, she was one of four volunteers from the Yishuv in Eretz Israel who parachuted into Slovakia to help the uprising against the Nazis. In September 1944 she succeeded in helping the Jews who were left in Banska Bystresis. When it fell they moved into the mountains with other Jewish partisans. Kibbutz Lahavot Haviva and the Givat Haviva center are dedicated to her memory.


    1945:  Twenty-four Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal at Nuremberg in which Colonel Benjamin Kaplan, “who later became a Harvard law professor and served nine years on the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court” played a key role in crafting the indictment. 



    1945: Birthdate of Deborah Eisenberg, an American short-story writer, actor and teacher who is the long-time companion of actor Wallace Shawn.



    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/25/books/review-your-duck-is-my-duck-deborah-eisenberg.html



    1945: Joseph Newman wrote to the War Office today to ask why the Gestapo had released Denise Desvaux so quickly, how did they know that Isidore Newman was a British officer and had she betrayed him to the Nazis.



    1946: As tensions rise in Palestine, a bomb explodes in Jerusalem.



    1947: The New York Times includes a review of The Victim, Saul Bellow’s novel about Asa Leventhal, “a frightened and lonely, man.”



    1947:"Meet the Press" makes network TV debut on NBC. The popular television news show began as a radio program in 1945, produced by Lawrence Spivak. A panel of four news people interviewed a prominent leader of the day.    When the show shifted to television, Spivak was the permanent panel member and some time served as moderator. 



    1947: Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest," premieres in New York City.



    1947: It was reported today that Lessing J. Rosenwald, the President of the American Council of Judaism, has expressed his strong opposition to “plans to establish the American Jewish Conference on a permanent basis to coordinate all Jewish activities in this country.”  The American Council of Judaism was a leading anti-Zionist Jewish organization in the United State.



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=9804EED9113AE233A25753C2A9679D946693D6CF



     1947: British diplomat Sir Alexander Cadogan delivered his country’s response to United Nations General Assembly’s Committee on the Palestine.



    1948: “The Little Ballerina” a British drama featuring Anthony Newley was released in Sweden today.



    1948: In New York City, “high school counselor Claire Masure” and her husband who was a pharmacist gave birth to actor Richard Masur who “served two terms as president of the Screen Actors Guild.”



    1948: “An unarmed RAF photo-reconnaissance De Havilland Mosquito of No. 13 Squadron RAF was shot down by an Israeli Air Force P-51 Mustang flown by American volunteer Wayne Peake as it flew over the Galilee towards Hatzor Airbase. Peake opened fire with his cannons, causing a fire to break out in the port engine. The aircraft turned to sea and lowered its altitude, then exploded and crashed off Ashdod.” Both members of the crew were killed. (So much for the myth of British neutrality in the Middle East.



    1948: The first preliminary armistice talks begin when William E. Riley, chief UN truce observer, meets separately with Israel Foreign Office officials and Egyptian commander Fouad Sadeh Bey.



    1948: Dr. Philip C. Jessup announces U.S. policy regarding peace talks in the Palestine including a proviso that any changes in Israel’s boundaries must be agreed to by the Jewish state and a willingness to examine some parts of Count Bernadotte’s plan including the internationalization of Jerusalem.



    1949: The Jewish population of Israel reached one million.



    1951: Lewis L. Strauss addressed the second annual convocation of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York City.  Dr. James Conant, President of Harvard, Dr. A. Whitney Griswold, President of Yale and Arthur Hays Sulzberger, president and publisher of The New York Times, received honorary degrees of Doctor of Letters. (Sulzberger was the Jewish member of the trio).



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=FB0B15FE355F177A93C3AB178AD95F458585F9



    1951: Dr. Simon Greenberg, vice chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary conferred the degree of Doctor of Hebrew Literature on Rabbi Shraga Abramson, a visiting lecturer on the Talmud.



    1951(21st of Cheshvan, 5712): Seventy-five year old Russian native Philip Davis, whose education at the University of Chicago, Harvard  and Boston University Law School led him into the fields of social work, the law and motion pictures where he served as the President of the National Motion Bureau “from 1914 to 1940” passed away today.




    1952: The Slánský trials- a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials - began in Czechoslovakia. The Slansky trials take their name from Rudolf Slansky.  “A veteran of revolutionary of Jewish origin, he had served as Secretary of the Czech Communitys Party.  Slansky was accused of spying for American imperialism, for the State of Israel and for the Zionist movement; allegedly he was a link in a chain of treachery” designed to undermine the authority of the Socialist Revolution i.e. Stalin and the Soviets.  “Fifteen years later this affair was officially declared to have bee a despicable slander, the whole affair having been fabricated by Soviet security agents working in Czechoslovakia.”


    1955: Dr. Cari Alpert, special assistant to Yaakov Dori, president of the Technion (Israel’s answer to MIT) “said a permanent peace between Israel and the Arab states would result in the opening of Technion’s doors to Arab students.



    1957:Morton Wishengrad's "Rope Dancers," premieres in New York City. Wishengrad was raised on New York’s Lower East Side by his Orthodox Jewish father.  Wishengrad was not particularly interested in maintaining his Jewish identity which was rather ironic because, in 1944, he became the first script writer for the radio show, “The Eternal Light” produced by the Jewish Theological Seminary.


    1959: WABC fires Jewish disc jockey Alan Freed over payola scandal.


    1960(1stof Kislev, 5721): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1960(1st of Kislev): Seventy-nine year old author and poet Ya’Kov (Jacob Cohen) passed away


    1960: When the White House announced today that James D. Zellerbach was retiring as U.S. Ambassador to Italy, it released a letter from President Eisenhower to the Ambassador in which he wrote “You have served your country with a high sense of dedication and purpose of which you should be justly proud.”


    1962: Birthdate of pianist and composer Robin Speilberg, the granddaughter of flutist Rubin Spielberg.



    1964: The Second Vatican Council, under Pope Paul VI, condemned anti-Semitism, declaring that the Jewish people as a whole are not to be blamed for Jesus' death.


    1968: Birthdate of David Einhorn, an American hedge fund manager and the founder of Greenlight Capital.


    1969(10th of Kislev, 5730): Sixty-three year old labor lawyer Lee Pressman who was accused of involvement with the Communist Party passed away today.



    1971(2ndof Kislev, 5732): Parsahat Toldot


    1971(2ndof Kislev 5732): Seventy-three year old Katherine Stieglitz, the daughter of photographer Alfred Stieglitz and Emmy Stieglitz passed away today.



    1972(14thof Kislev, 5733): Eighty-year old Jennie Grossinger, the “queen” of Grossinger’s Resort Hotel passed away today.



    1973(25th of Cheshvan, 5734): Forty-eight year old author and songwriter Allan Sherman who wrote the popular musical satire Camp Granada passed away.




    1974: “In The Boom Boom Room” directed by Joseph Papp and co-starring Ellen Greene and Helen Hanft opened today at The Public Theatre.


    1975: Spanish dictator Francisco Franco passed away.  A fascist who aligned himself with the Hitler and Mussolini during the Spanish Civil War which would be seen as a “dress rehearsal for WW II” Franco refused to join the Axis and remained neutral during the war.  “According to the recent discovery of a World War II document, Franco ordered his provincial governors to compile a list of Jews while he negotiated an alliance with the Axis powers.] Franco supplied Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler with a list of 6,000 Jews in Spain, for the Nazis'"Final Solution". However, Franco built no Jewish concentration camps on Spanish territory, nor did he voluntarily hand Jews over to Germany. Furthermore, Spanish diplomats extended their diplomatic protection over Jews in Hungary, Czechoslovakia and the Balkans



    1975: “The arrest of Boris Zaturensky, 33, in Minsk is reported. Zaturensky was arrested  on charges of buying and selling gold coins, not long after his application to emigrate to Israel.


    1975: A fortnightly scientific seminar, similar to the one in Moscow, is begun  in Kiev with the participation of 15 Jewish scientists, most of whom were refused exit visas to Israel


    1976: “Dorothy Schiff Agrees to Sell Post” published today described the decision to sell the venerable afternoon New York newspaper to Australian Rupert Murdoch including information that was found Jeffrey Potter’s biography Men, Money and Magic which appeared last month.


    1977: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to address the Knesset, Israel's parliament.




    1978: The funeral of Judge Leo F. Rayfel is scheduled to take place today at 2 pm in Farmingdale, Long Island.


    1979: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from French Special Forces to put down the uprising.  Anybody who was paying attention would have noted that violence in the Middle East has many causes that have nothing to do with Israel and  the conflict between Sunnis and Shiites should be a real matter of concern


    1982(4thof Kislev, 5743): Parashat Toldot


    1982: Andy Kaufman was forever voted off of Saturday Night Live by a live phone poll.


    1982(4thof Kislev, 5743): Seventy-nine year old Abraham Louis Pomerantz the Brooklyn trained lawyer who was “deputy chief counsel at the Nuremburg Trials” and the father of Daniel Pomerantz and children’s author Charlotte Pomerantz passed away today. (As reported by Edward R. Gargan)



    1983: ABC broadcast “The Day After,” a made for television film directed by Nicholas Meyer, co-starring Steve Guttenberg and with theme music by David Raskin for the first time tonight.


    1988: ABC broadcast the fifth episode of “War and Remembrance,” “an American miniseries based on the novel of the same name written by Herman Wouk”


    1990: Efraim Gur began serving as Deputy Minister of Transportation.


    1991: Nadine Brozan described one of those strange coincidences in life where Richard Dreyfus and Michael Burns who lived near each other as children both became involved in projected related to Alrde Dreyfus.  Burns authored Dreyfus: A Family Affair, 1789-1945 while Dreyfus produced and starred in a film about the French Captain entitled “Prisoner of Honor” that focuses on one of those sought to free Dreyfus, Georges Picquart.



    1992: ABC broadcast the episode of “Civil Wars” a legal drama created by Steven Bochco, the son of painter Mimi Bochco and concert violinist Rudolph Bochco.


    1995:  In a front page article, The Austin American Statesman reported that a group of IBM employees who were supposed to move from Florida to Austin were balking at the move because Austin lacked a kosher butcher and a Jewish Day School.  With a month, H.E.B opened a kosher butcher shop at one of its Austin stores.


    1998(1st of Kislev, 5759): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1999: In Paris, the 1999 Trophée Lalique figure skating competition which saw Galit Chait and Sergei Sakhnovski give Israel a sixth place finish in Ice Dancing, came to an end.


    2000: In Mexico, Claudia Sheinbaum was nominated to serve as “Secretary of the of the Environment of the Federal District” today.


    2000(22nd of Cheshvan, 5761): Sgt. Sharon Shitoubi, 21, of Ramle, wounded 2 days ago in the Palestinian shooting attack in Kfar Darom, died of his wounds today


    2000(22ndof Cheshvan, 5761): Miriam Amitai, 35, and Gavriel Biton, 34, both of Kfar Darom, were killed when a roadside bomb exploded alongside a bus carrying children from Kfar Darom to school in Gush Katif. Nine others, including 5 children, were injured.


    2001: Toronto native and documentary film maker Avi Lewis, “the great grandson of Moshe Losz, an outspoken member of the Jewish Bund,” “was featured on” today’s “Life and Times” episode of “The Lewis Family.


    2003: Car bombings in Istanbul continues after the initial bombings targeted two synagogues resulting in the death of 25 people and the wounding of 300 more.


    2004: “The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou” a comedy produced by Barry Mendel and Scott Rudin, with a script co-authored by Noah Baumbach and co-starring Jeff Goldblum premiered in Los Angeles today


    2005: A symposium was held at the American Schools of Oriental Studies entitled “The Tel Zayit Stone: A New Tenth-Century Inscription from the Judean Shephelah.” A dramatic discovery punctuated this year's excavation season at Tel Zayit, Israel, where The Zeitah Excavations recovered a large stone bearing an incised, two-line inscription. The special importance of the stone derives not only from its archaic alphabetic text, which hints at formal scribal training at the site, but also from its well-defined archaeological context in a structure dating securely to the tenth century BCE. The borderland site of Tel Zayit lies in the lowlands district of Judah, and in this period it exhibits strong links with the highland culture to the east, in the direction of Jerusalem, not with the coastal culture of the Philistine plain. The early appearance of literacy at Tel Zayit will surely play a pivotal role in the current discussion of the archaeology and history of Israel and Judah in the tenth century BCE.


    2005: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest including the paperback edition of Outwitting History: The Amazing Adventures of a Man Who Rescued a Million Yiddish Books by Aaron Lanksy which recounts the adventures of Lansky, who won a MacArthur award in 1989, as president and founder of the National Yiddish Book Center, traveling the world to salvage and catalog a literature once on the verge of oblivion.


    2006: “A rally organized by Anglo students to raise Israeli awareness about the genocide in Dafur is held at Zion Square in downtown Jerusalem.  The rally is sponsored by Hatzilu et Amei Dafur (Save the Nation of Dafur) a group composed of Yeshiva and seminary students.


    2006: Birthdate of Noah Pozner who would be the youngest victim at the Sandy Hook Mass Shooting


    2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, Imad Dalal who heads the Arabic music department at Safed College presents a program of traditional and contemporary song.


    2007: Prime Minister Olmert is reported to be going to Cairo for a surprise meeting with Egyptian leaders.


    2008: At the conclusion of his three-day trip to Great Britain President Shimon Peres is scheduled to meet Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace where he will be awarded a Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George (KCMG), the sixth-most senior award in the British system, used to honor individuals who have rendered important services in relation to foreign nations. After an audience with the queen, the president will have a private meeting with Prince Charles, who celebrated his 60th birthday this week. A meeting with Prime Minister Gordon Brown, at his residence at 10 Downing Street, followed by dinner in his honor hosted by the prime minister and his wife in the State Dining Room, will mark the end of Peres’ first official visit to the UK.


    2008: After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.  This is part of the long descent into what has been termed the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression that will have a devastating on all Americans, Jew and gentile alike.  Many Jewish organizations will be forced to down-size as funding sources dry up.


    2008: In a secret ballot House Democrats voted 137-122 to have Congressman Henry Waxman replace John Dingell as Chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee.


    2008: As part of the Live From Lincoln Center series, Jewish, Violinist Gil Shaham, the son of two Israelis, the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra and pianist Jonathan Feldman perform this intimate concert at the Stanley Kaplan Penthouse featuring the music of composer Pablo de Sarasate in a panoramic survey of the music of his music on the occasion of the 100 anniversary of his death.


    2008:Poland's capital marked the completion of a massive restoration project that marks the borders of the former Jewish Ghetto that was walled in by Nazis occupiers during World War II. The mayor of Warsaw, along with the minister of culture, inaugurated the project that included 21 new information points along the boundaries of the former Jewish Ghetto. The project also placed a beige line, labeled "Ghetto Wall," along the city streets that outlined the furthest reaches of the Ghetto's borders


    2008: The 45th anniversary edition of the New York Review of Books was was founded by Robert B. Silvers and Barbara Epstein was published today.


    2009: The 92nd St Y in New York, hosts the Shababa Bakery where you are invited to prepare for Shabbat by squishing, rolling and braiding your very own challah which you can take home and bake.


    2009: At Columbus, Ohio, at Tifereth Israel, Rabbi Unger leads The Mitzvah Initiative which features an unconventional approach to learning that is a series of open and honest workshops and discussion by participants which examine some of the most critical elements of Jewish life. Congregation Tifereth Israel is one of over forty Conservative congregations participating in the Mitzvah Initiative that explores a variety of topics including, Tikun Olam, Bikur Cholim (attending to the ill and suffering), and God, Love and Mitzvah.


    2009: The U.S. State Department issued a statement noting “a growing trend of anti-Semitic hate crimes and discrimination around the world.” The statement coincided with the appointment of Hannah Rosenthal to serve as the U.S. State Department’s special envoy to monitor and combat anti-Semitism.  “The position has been vacant since Gregg   Rickman left at the end of the Bush administration.”


    2010: Sarah Michelle Levin and Melissa Ellen Levin are scheduled to be called to the Torah as B’not Mitzvah at North Suburban Synagogue Beth El.  They are the twin daughters of Gigi Cohen and Michael Levin and the sisters of Dana Levin who celebrated her Bat Mitzvah in the same congregation in November of 2008.  They are the granddaughters of Zena and David Cohen of blessed memory Mrs. Betty Levin, an ayash chayil par excellence and Dr. Jacob Levin, of blessed memory.


    2010:JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to hold its 30th Fall Fundraiser honoring Tanya and Stephen Bodzin.


    2011: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest of Jewish readers including “Inferno: The World at War, 1939-1945” by Max Hasting, “Eva Bruan: Life with Hitler” by Heike B Gortemaker, “The Unmaking of Israel” by Gershom Gorenberg and  Umberto Eco’s novel, “The Prague Cemetery,” that explores the history of “The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.”


    2011: “Winston Churchill: Walking With Destiny,” a film Narrated by Sir Ben Kingsley, that recounts Churchill's years in the political wilderness, his early opposition to Adolf Hitler and Nazism, his support for Jews, his return to government by the demand of the British people and his rise to the Prime Minister's office in 1940, is scheduled to be shown at The Jewish Eye World Jewish Film Festival.


    2011: Rabbi Dr. Levi Cooper who the Pardes Institute of Jewish Studies in Jerusalem is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled the first in a three part lecture series entitled Rabbi Akiva: The Mystical Prayer of a Legal Authority at Ohr Kodesh in Chevy Chase, Maryland.


    2011: Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel is scheduled to speak at the Jefferson Jackson Dinner in Des Moines, Iowa.  Emanuel is Jewish.  Jefferson and Jackson were not!


    2011:Fears of a fuel crisis this morning followed last night's discovery of a water problem in Ben Gurion International Airport's jet fuel


    2011: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu today called for medical residents to return immediately to their hospitals as their representatives informed the High Court of Justice that they were willing to return to the negotiating table and to accept the court's proposal to appoint a mediator.


    2012: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginias is scheduled to present the final part of the series “The Evolving Views on the Afterlife in Judaism.”


    2012: Steven A “Cohen was implicated in an alleged insider trading scandal involving an ex-SAC manager” today.


    2012: Four rockets fired by Gaza-based terrorists exploded near a community in the Eshkol Regional Council.


    2012: As of midnight, Operation Pillar of Defense enters its seventh day with the Israeli government holding off on a ground offensive in the hope that talks in Cairo will lead to an end to massive Hamas assault on its citizens.


    2012: Those living in southern Israel organize demonstrations against plans for a cease-fire one of which is to take place in Kiryat Malachi where three Israelis had been murdered by terrorist rockets and one at Ashdod.


    2012(6th of Kislev, 5773): Eighteen year old Corporal Yosef Partuk and an Arab-Israeli civilian identified as Alayaan Salem al-Nabari were this  morning during a mortar attack


    2013: Today Noah Pozner would be turning 7 if had not been gunned down last year at Sandy Hook Elementary School.


    2013: Yosef Mendeolovich is scheduled to discuss his memoir, Unbroken Sprit: A Heroic Story of Faith, Courage and Survival at the Center for Jewish History


    2013: Temple Judah is scheduled to host the Hadassah Book Club which will discuss Breakfast at Stephanie’s by Nancy Margolis.


    2013: “Inheritance” is scheduled to be shown at the Other Jewish Film Festival.


    2013: Joseph P. Franklin a white supremacist who killed at least 8 people and wounded Larry Flynt and Vernon E. Jordant, Jr. in an attempt to start a race war was put death in Missouri today by lethal injection for have having murdered Gerald Gordon outside of a St. Louis Synagogue where this innocent non-Jew was attending a Bar Mitzvah.


    2013: A mid-range missile defense system, intended to close a large gap in Israel’s aerial defense readiness, successfully completed an intercept test today, the Defense Ministry announced. (As reported by Mitch Ginzburg)


    2014(27th of Cheshvan): “2104 BCE (1657 from Creation), as the Flood waters finally subsided, Noah, his family and the animals left the Ark. On this day, God commanded them to repopulate and resettle the earth


    2014(27th of Cheshvan, 5775): Ninety-one year old Samuel Klein whose founding of the Casas Bahai chain of Department Stores earned him the nickname “the Sam Walton of Brazil” and whose philanthropies included major contributions to the Lubavitch Yeshiva in the Born Retiro neighborhood passed away.



    2014: “The Palestinian Authority has arrested some 30 suspects over the last 72 hours thought to be planning terror attacks, primarily against settlers, as well as operatives involved in incitement against Israelis, senior Palestinian sources told The Times of Israel today.”


    2014: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to present: “Mizrahi Music, Piyyut, and the Search for Israeli Identity”


    2014: “Authorities intercepted a massive shipment of tens of thousands of firecrackers, as well as knives, Tasers and other weapons today that police say was en route to rioters in East Jerusalem.” (As reported by Tamar Pileggi)


    2014: Jerry Seinfeld backtracked on his recent self-diagnosis of autism today, saying he was not on the spectrum but only “related to it on some level.”


    2014: “A Nazi Roundup, Chaotically Evoked In 'La Rafle'” published today provides a an informative review of movie that  “chronicles the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup of July 1942, in which roughly 13,000 Jews living in Paris (4,501 of them children) were removed from their homes by French police and sent to detention camps in the countryside, before being deported to Auschwitz.”


    2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a panel discussion “Towards Life: Reviving Jewish Life in Contemporary Poland.”


    2014: In the Senate, the Majority Leader “filed for cloture on Noah Mamet’s nomination to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Argentina.


    2014: In Melbourne, “A Match Made in Heaven” and “Zero Motivation” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014: “Unorthodox” is scheduled to be shown at the 18th UK Jewish Film Festival


    2014: The 16th Street Book Club is scheduled to discuss The World to Come by Dora Horn


    2015: After having premiered at Cannes, “Carol” featuring Carol Brownstein as “Genevieve Cantrell” was released today in the United States


    2015: “Soviet genocide in Ukraine” by Raphael Lemkin, the Polish Jew who “coined the term genocide” was added to Russian index of "extremist publications", whose distribution in Russia is forbidden


    2015: Jeremy Katz, the Director of the Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History at the Breman Museum is scheduled to host a tour providing an in-depth look at the Breman’s latest Southern Jewish History Exhibition Eighteen Artifacts: A Story of Jewish Atlanta.


    2015: Broadway previews of the latest production of Fiddler on the Roof are scheduled to begin this evening.


    2015: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host “Schnitzel and Shmooze” Friday night dinner.


    2015: In a post on Facebook today, “said he planned to take two months of paternity leave after his daughter is born this year” because “studies show that when working parents take time to be with their newborns, outcomes are better for the children and families.”


    2016: “Alone in Berlin” and is scheduled to be shown on the last evening of the 20th UK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2016: “The Tenth Man” and “The Last Laugh” are scheduled to be shown at Brisbane as part of the Jewish International Film Festival


    2016: “50 Children: The Rescue Mission of Mr. and Mrs. Kraus” is scheduled to shown as part of the Global Day of Jewish Learning.


    2016: “From Silence,” a new one-act play by Anne Marilyn Lucas that explores how the trauma of the Holocaust gets passed on from one generation to the next is scheduled to be performed for the last time at the Theatre for the New City, the Lower East Side theatre that has gained a reputation for staging radical political plays… (As reported by Cathryn J. Prince)


    2016: The Skirball Center is scheduled to a mock trial “The People vs. King David” with Prosecutor Chris Cuomo and Alan Dershowitz defending the Jewish monarch.


    2016: A screening of “Mir Kumen On” an “educational film from 1936 which is one of the precious few surviving movies evoking Jewish life in Poland prior to its poisoning from external, racist forces” is scheduled to be shown at MoMA today. (As reported by Jordan Hoffman)



    2016: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers includingThe People and the Books: 18 Classics of Jewish Literature by Adam Kirsch, Moonglow by Michael Chabon and Eleanor Roosevelt The War Years and After Volume Three: 1939-1962 by Blanche Wiesen Cook


    2017: “Holy Air” and “Monsieur Mayonnaise” are scheduled to be shown at the 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: “The New York Times said today that it was suspending Glenn Thrush, one of its most prominent reporters, after he was accused of inappropriate sexual behavior.”


    2017: Jacob Wisse, director of Yeshiva University Museum is scheduled to lead “a walking tour through Yeshiva University Museum’s exhibition The Arch of Titus – from Jerusalem to Rome, and Back, exploring the image and legacy of the Arch of Titus from Imperial Rome to modern-day Israel.”


    2017: The Primo Levi Center is scheduled to host Michela Andreatta (University of Rochester), Serena Di Nepi (University of Rome La Sapienza) and Jane Tylus (New York University) in a discussion of “Ariosto’s masterpiece Orlando Furioso in the context of an early modern Jewish quest to define minority status amidst a dramatic transformation of mentality, political equilibria, and power structures.”


    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host its Chanumas/Chrismukah Party completed withmince pies, doughnuts, xmas crackers and dreidels.”


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Barbara Tuchman whose works included The Guns of August and The Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914 continues today.


    2018(12thof Kislev, 5778): On the Hebrew calendar yahrzeit of “Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Kazen, the Director of Chabad Lubavitch in Cyberspace and considered by many the pioneer of Jewish education on the internet.”


    2018: “An International Jewish Festival for Contemporary Culture” which will feature “Erez Lev-Ari and The Suits doing Ari San, a tribute to Rabbi Shalom Shabazi” is scheduled to open today.


    2018: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host lectures on “Zionism and Challenge to American Jewry” by Rabbi Robert Hirt and “Two Faiths, Two Scriptures, One God: The Torah and the Quran” by Rabbi Leonard Schoolman and Dr. Hussein Rashid.


     


     


     



     



     



     



     



     



     


     


     


     


     


     


     


     


     


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    November 21


    456 BCE (20th of Kislev, 3306): On November 21, Ezra called together all the men of Judah and Benjamin and told them that they would have to give up their foreign born wives.  This was part of an attempt by the returning exiles to purify and strengthen the House of Israel even though some might say that it altered the definition of “who was a Jew” as can be seen by the Book of Ruth which was written to portray a different point of view. 



    164 BCE: On the secular calendar, Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.



    1265: Abraham of Augsburg, who had converted to Judaism “died a martyr’s death” today which was the subject of elegies by Mordecai ben Hillel and Moses ben Jacob.



    1272:  Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.  As bad as Henry had been for the Jews, Edward would prove to be even worse.  After squeezing all he could out of his Jewish subjects, Edward expelled them in 1290.  England would remain officially Jew-free until for the next four centuries.



    1384, Philip the Bold regulated the status of the Jews. He permitted fifty-two families to settle in the towns of his domain on payment of an entrance fee and an annual tax. He fixed the rate of interest; henceforth a Jew was to be believed on his oath, and the evidence of a single apostate was declared invalid. The chiefs of the Jews were called "masters of law"; the Jewish cemetery was separated from the others, and a noble of the court was instituted guardian of the Jews. The general expulsion of the Jews from France in 1394 put an end to their presence in Franche-Comté. Israel Lévi has proved that a certain number of well-known rabbis lived in this province in the first half of the fourteenth century—for instance, Joseph b. Jacob Tournoy and Joseph de Musidan.


    1513: As Johann Reuchlin continued Johannes Pfefferkorn's drive to confiscate all books belonging to the Jews, Pope Leo ordered the Bishops of Speyer and Worms to hear the charge against Reuchlin.  Reuchlin was a Christian German Scholar whose field of study included Greek and Hebrew.  He had studied the Hebrew texts for the Emperor and found that most of them did not speak ill of Christiainity which meant that they should not be destroyed.  This thwarted the aim of Pfefferkorn and his allies. 


    1616(5377):Moses Mordecai ben Samuel Margolioth, the native of Posen who served as the head of the Yeshiva at Cracow for twenty years starting in 1591 when Joseph Katz passed away, passed away today.


    1619: Shah Abbasi (Sufi Dynasty, Persia) intensified persecution against the Jews. Many Jews were forced to live "Marrano-like" lives, outwardly practicing Islam. This policy was continued by his son, Abbas II.



    1654(11th of Kislev, 5415): Rachel Heller (Ashkenazi), the wife of Tosfot Yom Tov and daughter of Aharon Moses Ashkenazi (Munk) and Nechama Nechele Nechly Netile Ashkenazi passed away today.



    1694: Birthdate of the French philosopher Voltaire.  The great philosopher of the Enlightenment was a vicious anti-Semite.  Not only that, he was an anti-Semite with a twist.  Other Enlightenment philosophers that once Jews were no longer persecuted they would give up their religious trappings and meld into the mainstream of European culture.  Voltaire believed that Jews were innately deformed and that they were beyond reform.  However, Voltaire was humane, but he did not believe that they should be burned at the stake. In his own words he described Jews as “an ignorant, and barbarous people who have long exercised the most sordid avarice and detestable superstition, and an insurmountable hate for all peoples who have tolerated and enriched them.



    1746: In Reading, PA, David Mendez Machado and Zipporah Nunez gave birth to Rebecca Menes Machado who became Rebecca Mendes Phillips when she married Jonas Phillips and later became “one of the founding members of the Female Association for Relief of Women and Children in Reduced Circumstance” and a “director of the Female Benevolent Society, the first Jewish charity in America unrelated to a synagogue."



    1789: North Carolina ratifies the U.S. Constitution to become the 12thstate in the Union.  North Carolina has one of the oldest Jewish communities in the United States. The early history of the Jews in North Carolina is a mixed.  In 1776, it was one the original thirteen colonies that could boast of having an organized Jewish community.  In 1852, the Jews of Wilmington, N.C, purchased land for a burial plot.  However, the congregation was not organized for another until 1867.  This lengthy was not unusual in the South.  In other ante-bellum communities, land was purchased for a cemetery, but with war clouds gathering, Jews waited before building synagogues and temples.  Further delay was caused by the Civil War and the impoverishment that followed. In 1809, Jacob Henry was the first Jew elected to the legislature in the state.  He accomplished this feat despite the state’s religious tests for office holders.  Strangely enough, the Tar Heel state did not get around to removing religious tests until 1876. The Jewish Community of North Carolina has made great strides over the years.   According to the Glenmary Research Center, which publishes Religious Congregations and Membership in the United States Guilford County (which includes Greensboro and High Point) ranked 99thon a list of the 100 counties in 2000 with the largest Jewish communities, based by percentage of total population. The thirty thousand Jews comprise 0.3% of the state’s population but pack enough clout to have gotten then Governor Jim Hunt to support a state agency designed to stimulate economic and cultural exchanges with the state of Israel. 



    1792: Birthdate of Benoit Fould, the French banker who married Helena Oppenheim whose dowry provided “part of the initial capital of the new bank Foul-Oppenheim et Cie.



    1800: Birthdate of “bare-knuckle boxer” Barney Aaron the native of Aldgate who was nicknamed “The Star of the East” and who was the father “Young Barney Aaron”.



    1818: A petition written by Lewis Way, an English missionary, requesting the restoration of an independent Jewish nation in Palestine was submitted by Czar Alexander to the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle



    1822(7th of Kislev, 5583): Eighty year old Lazarus Solomon passed away in Jamaica today.



    1823: Birthdate of Julius von Gomperzes, the Austrian industrialist who brother of historian Theodor Gomperzes, and the uncle of philosopher Heinrich Gomperzes.



    1824: [Editors note: Contrary to popular misconception, the American Jewish Community has deep, historic roots outside of New York and its immediate environs.] The first Reform Congregation, Beth Elohim, was established in Charleston, South Carolina. Beth Elohim congregation is the birthplace of Reform Judaism in America and the oldest surviving Reform congregation in the world. Its members have been eminent leaders in the city, state and nation. Among them: Moses Lindo, who helped develop cultivation of indigo, and Joseph Levy, the first Jewish military officer in America. The present beautiful Greek revival temple at 90 Hasell Street (pronounced Hazel) was built in 1840. The congregation began as a Sephardic group in 1749. George Washington wrote, "May the same temporal and eternal blessings which you implore for me rest upon your Congregation..." The Beth Elohim Coming Street cemetery is the largest pre-Revolutionary Jewish cemetery in America. The congregation's first rabbi, Moses Cohen, was the first person buried here, in 1762. Bernard Baruch's great grandfather, Rabbi Hartwig Cohen, is one of several other Beth Elohim rabbis here. Other noteworthy persons at this site are nine Charleston Jews who took part in the American Revolution, six who fought in the War of 1812, eight of the 180 Charleston Jews who fought in the Civil War, and three of the Jewish Masons who founded the Scottish Rite here in 1801. The history of Charleston Jewry is beautifully documented with ceremonial objects, records, paintings and photographs at the Beth Elohim Archives Museum. A three-story house at 89-91 Church Street in Charleston was the model for Catfish Row, the centerpiece of Porgy and Bess. George Gershwin wrote the opera while living in Folly Beach. As it moves into the 21st century, the Jewish Community shows its vibrancy through the construction of the College of Charleston, Yaschik/Arnold Jewish Studies Center. Housed in a new three million dollar, 12,000 square foot building, the center offers college credit Jewish studies courses serving the entire community. The Robert Scott Small Library houses the largest archives of South Carolina Jewish history.  Last but not least, Reuben Morris Greenberg has been Chief of Police in the city since 1982.  He is the first African-American Jewish police chief in the city’s history.



    1831: Robert le diable (Robert the Devil) an opera in five acts composed by Giacomo Meyerbeer premiered tonight at the Academie Royale De Musique in Pars.



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_le_diable#/media/File:Robert_le_Diable_(Meyerbeer)_1831.jpg



    1837: Birthdate of “Austrian literary historian Marcus Landau” the native of Brody who “wrote over 700 essays, memoirs, and feuilleton articles in German and Italian for newspapers and literary periodicals.”



    1841: Jonas Jonas married Catherine Levy the Great Synagogue today.



    1842: Sir Louise Loewe created a series of hand-drawn maps for Sir Moses Montefiore showing the parts of Western and Eastern Europe through which they would be traveling on their way to the Levant.



    http://www.ochjs.ac.uk/mullerlibrary/digital_library/Intranet/Loewe/stainedglassdesign/LL/Louis-10.html