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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.

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    December 25

    0337(14th of Tevet, 4098): Earliest possible date on which Christmas was reported to have been celebrated on December 25th. 

    496: Baptism of Clovis I, the Frankish ruler who united all the tribes of Gaul (France) under one ruler. His adoption of Catholicism had little no impact on his Jewish subjects who mingled freely with their Christian and pagan brethren until King Dagobert tried to expel them in the 7th century.

    800: Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.  Charlemagne supported most of the policies and edicts Pope Gregory the Great and Pope Stephen IV.  However, he ignored their edicts concerning Jews.  For the most part, Jews were allowed to participate in the economic and social life of the Empire within the limits of Medieval Society.  The Jews of Narbonne (France) supported Charlemagne’s father Pepin in his war with the Moslems and Charlemagne remembered this. Unfortunately, Charlemagne’s policies toward the Jews died with him in 814.

    1000: At the start of the 11th century, Hungary was established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.  In this case, Christian means Roman Catholic.  Religious belief aside, Stephen used Catholicism as an instrument of national unification as he established his rule over pagans and those of his subjects who sought support from the Byzantine (Eastern Orthodox) Empire.  Based on archeological evidence Jews had probably been living in what was now Hungary since the third century.  The first written mention of Jews living in Hungary is found in a letter from the end of 10th century written by the famous Sephard, Hasdai ibn Shaprut. There were enough Jews living in Hungary by the end of the 11th century that at the council of Szabolcs, the Church prohibited marriages between Jews and Christians, work on Christian festivals, and the purchase of slaves. At the same time, the Hungarian King Kolman took measures to protect Hungarian Jews from Crusaders passing through the kingdom.

    1066: Coronation of William the Conqueror as king of England.  There is no record of a Jewish community in England before Norman conquests.  A group of Jews arrived from Rouen (France) in London at the start of William’s reign.  There is no record as to why William allowed this and his immediate successors followed policies that were inimical to Jewish interests.

    1100: Baldwin of Boulogne is crowned as the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.  This is one of those events loaded with subtle irony.  This coronation was the culmination of the First Crusade, during which the Christian warriors drove the Jews from the City of David. In other words, if Jesus had been alive for Baldwin’s coronation, he wouldn’t have been able to attend the event.   Please note, Baldwin and his successors were not laying claim to the throne of King David

    1137: Birthdate of Saladin, the Moslem leader who drove the Crusaders out of Jerusalem and whose family physician was reported to be Maimonides. (As reported by Austin Cline)

    1194: In Palermo, coronation of Henry VI as King of Sicily, during whose reign anti-Semitic riots took place all along the Rhine but not in southern Italy.

    1312: Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Judenburg and Furstenfeld, Austria

    1369: King Frederick III of Sicily issued a decree requiring all Jews to wear a special identification badge.

    1406: In Toledo 25 year old Henry III, the King of Castile and Leon who employed a Moses Zaral, a converso as a physician passed, away today.

    1406: John II, whose birth was commemorated by poem written by Moses Zaral his father’s physician, began his reign as King of Castile and Leon today.

    1480: Miguel de Morillo and Juan de San Martin, both Dominican friars arrived in Seville. Seville’s population included a significant number of New Christians, who enjoyed the comparative quite of the city.  That ended with the arrival of the friars who brought the Inquisition with them.

    1564: Birthdate of Johannes Buxtorf “a celebrated Hebraist, the Professor of Hebrew for 39 years at Basel, known by the title “Master of Rabbis” and author of Synagoga Judaica which docments “the customs and society of German Jewry.”

    1565: “Pius IV who issued a bull that improved the conditions of the Jews began his papacy today. The allowed them to stop wearing their yellow cap, buy land up to the value of 1,500 ducats and to trade in things other than old clothes. While they could speak with Christians, they could not have Christian servants. He also allowed the Jews to publish the Talmud as long as they did not use that word in the publication.

    1559: Today, Giovanni Angelo Medici was elected Pius IV, the Pope “who relaxed a variety of restrictions on Jewish life that had been imposed by his predecessor, Paul IV, but were restored by Pius V.

    1599: Portuguese settlers establish the village of Natal in Brazil.  At this time, the only Jews living in Brazil were New Christians or Conversos.  Dutch forces would occupy Natal from1633 to 1654, a period during which Jewish communities flourished under the religious toleration brought from Holland.  

    1659: Thomas Violet, a London goldsmith appealed to the Judges asking they overturn the dispensation the late Oliver Cromwell had given the Jews to build a “Portuguese synagogue” that had “opened in 1656.”

    1753(29thof Kislev, 5514): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1777(28thof Kislev, 5538): As the remnants of Washington’s Army shiver at Valley Forge, observance of Chanukah

    1777: Isaac and Esther Baze gave birth to Abraham Montel the husband of Naumy Vidal-Naquet.

    1790: In London, “The Times described” John “King, with heavy-handed sarcasm, as “without any matter of doubt one of the most respectable characters in this country, and until the later attack on him, the breath of infamy never blew on his reputation. In all his dealings with mankind he has been the strict, upright, honest man. He never took advantage of the distresses of a fellow creature, in order to rob him of his property – he never extracted exorbitant interest for discounting a bill – he was justly paid every debt he contracted to the uttermost farthing; and in a domestic line of life has proved himself a fond – faithful – loving husband – a tender affectionate and praiseworthy parent, and a feeling steady and sincere friend. Chaste in all his actions – virtuous in every sentiment – and unsullied in his reputation as a Man, a Money Lender, a Jew, and a Christian.”   (Editor’s Note:  John King was born Jacob Rey who was the son of Moses Rey and was called by “Jew King” even though he was never considered to be a leader of the Anglo-Jewish Community.  For more see “The Chequered Career of ‘Jew’ King: a Study in Anglo-Jewish Social History” by Todd M. Endelman.)

    1791(29thof Kislev, 5552): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1796(25thof Kislev, 5557): Chanukah is celebrated for the last time during the Presidency of George Washington.

    1799: Simon Waley married Elizabeth Raphael at the Great Synagogue today.

    1805(4thof Tevet, 5566): Isaac Satanow, the Polish native who settled in Berlin where he developed his intellectual and writing skills under Daniel Itzig and David Friedlander passed away today.

    1808: In the seemingly never ending intrigue swirling around the German prince and his Jewish financier, sixteen year old Jacob Rothschild, son of A.M. Rothschild arrived in Prague with a chest full of papers belonging to Wilhelm, the exiled Landgrave.

    1816: Joseph Crool married Rosetta Mosley at the Great Synagogue today.

    1822: Isaac Bennett (Isaac ben Yom Tov), the native of Middlesex was circumcised today.

    1824(1stof Tevet, 5582): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1824(1stof Tevet, 5582): Eighty year old Sir Sampson Gideon, 1st Baron of Eardly whose father had been denied his rightful honors because he was a practicing Jew, passed away today.

    1825: Birthdate of Jindřich Opper, the native of Blovice, Bohemia who gained fame a French journalist Henri Blowitz who predicted the French defeat during the Franco-Prussian War, turned a diplomatic post with the government of the Third Republic and scored a journalist coup when “he obtained a copy of the Treaty of Berlin” and published it ahead of his competitors.

    1831: Birthdate of Salomon Lefmann the native of Westphalia who became a leading Jewish philologist.

    1831: Birthdate of Warsaw native Christian David Ginsburg the convert to Christianity who settled in the United Kingdom where he became a leading Hebrew and Bible scholar.

    1834(23rd of Kislev, 5595):Eighty-four year old David Friedländer, a German Jewish banker, writer and communal leader passed away.

    1836: In Schleswig-Holstein, Salomon M. Salomon and Caroline Salomon gave birth to Edward S. Salomon, the Chicago lawyer who married Sophie Greenhut who was an officer in the 24thIllinois Infantry during the Civil War rising to the rank of Brigadier General, appointed Governor of Washington Territory by President Grant before becoming the District Attorney in San Francisco.

    1839(23rdof Kislev, 5595): Fifty-four year old Meyer Israel Bresselau “a founding member and chairman of the Hamburg Temple” passed away today.

    1839: Solomon Joseph married Priscilla Samuel at Strand, London today.

    1839(23rdof Kislev, 5595): David Caro a devotee of Me’assefim who “under the pseudonym "Amittai ben Abida Achitzedeq" he defended the Hamburg Reform Temple in Berit Emit (Covenant of Truth)” passed away today.

    1849: In London, Marks Kolsky, a tailor and his wife gave birth Morris Kolsky who gained fame as cinematographer Richard Fryer.

    1849: In Minsk, Hodie Goldberg and Isaac Schaikewitz gave birth to Nahum Mayer Schaikewitz, the editor and publisher of The Jewish Puck who also wrote fifty plays in Yiddish some of which were performed in Odessa and 205 novels in The Convict, Last Jewish Kingand A Spark of Judaism.

    1853(24th of Kislev, 5614): In the evening, kindle the first light of Chanukah

    1856: Evidence continued to be presented today in The Huntington Trial a case being heard before  Judge Capron which had recessed on the previous Saturday “because one of the jurors was a Jew and had conscientious scruples about working on his Sabbath…” despite the fact that the case has to be completed by December 31. The eleven Christian jurors did not request a postponement because today is Christmas.

    1860: “Suicide of A Patient At The Jew’s Hospital” published today reported that “Elias Kemp, an old man, who, for nearly a year past, has been an inmate of the Jews' Hospital, No. 140 West Twenty-eighth-street, under treatment for spinal disease, died today in consequence of a razor-wound in his throat, which he had inflicted last Sunday with the object of taking his life. The fact that his disease had recently assumed unfavorable symptoms, and the physician had pronounced him incurable, led him to commit the act. Coroner O'Keefe held an inquest upon the body. Deceased was a native of Poland.

    1861: In Krementshug, Poltava, Russia, Samuel David Spivakovsky and Deborah Adel Dorfman gave birth to Hayem David Spivakovsky, who as Charles D. Spivak earned an M.D. from Jefferson Medical College, married Jennie (Gittel) Charsky following which he taught at several medical schools while teaching at the Hebrews Education Society in Philadelphia and founding the Jewish Alliance of America in Philadelphia.

    1863:Birthdate of Regina Margareten who came to the U.S. as a young bride in 1883 and with her husband and her parents, helped to open a grocery store on New York's Lower East Side. The first year in New York, the family members baked Passover matzo for themselves. The second year, they made enough to sell in the store, and the matzo business soon became the family's sole occupation. After Regina's husband died in 1923, she was formally named treasurer of Horowitz Brothers & Margareten Company and became one of the company's directors. She held these positions for the rest of her life. Margareten also acted as the company's quality control department, tasting every batch of matzo. By 1932, Horowitz Brothers & Margareten Company was using 45 thousand barrels of flour and grossing over one million dollars per year.In addition to her work at the business, Margareten was the matriarch of an extended family of over 400 members. Her obituary, which described her as the "matriarch of the kosher food industry," also reported that she was a member of over 100 charitable organizations. Throughout her life, she played an important role in the family business, working in her office daily until two weeks before her death in 1959 at age 96

    1863: Philadelphian Jacob Mayer, who rose to the rank of Sergeant by the end of the Civil War, began his service today with Company F of the 82ndRegiment.

    1864(26thof Kislev, 5625): Second Day of Chanukah

    1864: James William Wallack, Sr., the London born son of a “Jewish father” who gained fame in the American theatre passed away today in NYC

    1864: Warsaw native Rabbi Falk Vidaver and Anna Vidaver gave birth Nathaniel “Nathan” Vidaver in Boston today.

    1865: Corporal Moses Jacoby, who had enlisted in 1861 completed his service with Company E of the 47th Regiment in the Union Army.

    1866: Birthdate ofAvraham Mordechai Alter also known as the Imrei Emes after the works he authored. He was the third Rebbe of the Hasidic dynasty of Ger, a position he held from 1905 until his death in 1948. He was one of the founders of the Agudas Israel in Poland and was influential in establishing a network of Jewish schools there. It is claimed that at one stage he led over 200,000 Hasidim.

    1867: Birthdate of Alfred Kempner, the native of Breslau who, as Alfred Kerr, became an influential theatre critic.

    1869: In Chicago, Moses Maness Ritterband and Esther Amanda Ritterband gave birth to Benvenida Solis Rittberand who became Benvenida Solis Firth when she married Emil Firth.

    1870(1st of Tevet, 5631): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1872(25thof Kislev, 5633): As President Grant basks in the glow of his recent re-election, the Jews observe Chanukah.

    1875(27thof Kislev, 5636): Parshat Miketz; third day of Chanukah

    1876: In Krakai, Lithuania, Nechemiah and Judith Schlesinger gave birth to Benjamin Schlesinger who served as the editor of the Daily Forward and President of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union.

    1878: Birthdate of Lithuanian native and Johns Hopkins trained Egyptologist Dr. Aaron Ember who chaired the department at his alma mater and was credited “with having discovered phonetic laws which demonstrate that Tut-ankah-Amen’s people and the Israelites spoke languages of common origin.”

    1878: Birthdate of Joseph Michael Schenck, the native of Russia who came to the United State in 1893 where he became a major figure in the American motion picture industry

    1879: It was reported today that a group of Rabbis and prominent laymen have formed an association to promote a stricter observance of the Sabbath, which for the Jews falls on Saturday.  It is predicted that the association will not find much success among the eighty to ninety thousand Jews living in New York since strict observance of the Sabbath would cost them two day’s worth of business since they would still be bound by the general populace’s Sunday observance.  Failure because of business considerations is not unique to Jews since attempts to have Christians return to the observance of the Sabbath in the spirit of the Puritans failed for this very reason.

    1880: The Young Men’s Hebrew Union will be held this evening at 607 Fulton Street.

    1880: It was reported today that “many Jews residing in Berlin” are “avoiding appearing in public…and many Jewish families are preparing to emigrate to Belgium, France and England.

    1881: At today’s “annual meeting of the patrons and members of Mount Sinai Hospital”  “ the following officers were re-elected: President – Hyman Blum; Vice President – Isaac Wallach; Treasurer- S.M. Schafer.”

    1881: Anti-Jewish riots began in Poland. In Warsaw twelve Jews were killed, many others were wounded and some women were raped. Two million rubles worth of property was destroyed.

    1881: It was reported today by a recent visitor to North Africa that 25,000 Jews dominate the coastal trade in Tunisia and Algeria. 

    1881:Birthdate of Field Marshal Sir John Greer Dill who was knighted in 1937 following his year of service as the General Officer Commanding British Forces in Palestine.

    1882: “Jewish Antiquities” published today reviews  Henrietta Lee Palmer’s Home Life In The Bible“which provides extensive information respecting the domestic life of the ancient Jews, the construction of their dwellings, their furniture, dress and ornaments” and much, much more.

    1882: “Doing Good” published today decried the attempts of Salmi Morse, a Jewish theatrical producer, to produce The Passion Play.  According to the article only Jew bent on making money would seek to produce a playing that insults “the decent part of the community” and blasphemes “all that Christians hold sacred.

    1883: Birthdate of Samuel Hugo Bergmann, the Austro-Hungarian native who was a “schoolmate of Franz Kafka” and who made Aliyah in 1920 after which he founded the Brit Shalom movement with Martin Buber.

    1884: Birthdate of Nathaniel Phillips, the native of Kalwaria, Poland who came to the United States in 1885 and after graduating from CCNY worked as a lawyer and civic leader who served on the Mayor’s Commission on Americanization and the National League for American Citizenship.

    1884(7thof Tevet, 5645): Eighty-three year old Salomon Herxheimer the chief rabbi of Anhalt-Bernberg and the husband of Lea Susskind passed away today.

    1884: It was reported today that while the Russian government battles against Nihilism which “is more dangerous than ever, the persecution of the Jews is as fierce as it was a few years ago when the European press boiled with indignation at the anti-Semitic outrages which disgraced Russia.”  (In terms of cause and effect, this is an example of the cause whose effect could be seen in the teeming masses of the Lower East Side)

    1885: Alois Feigelstock , a Jewish businessman who took his life in a fit of temporary insanity brought on by his grief over the death of his daughter will be buried in Cyprus Hills Cemetery.

    1885: It was reported today that the recently completed census in Germany contained some “curious facts” in its responses as can be seen by one where the head of the family described himself as a Jew, described his wife as a Catholic and described his children as being “brought up in the evangelical faith.”  (And you thought the American Jewish community in the 21st century had strange familial arrangements)

    1886: Birthdate of Franz Rosenzweig.  Born in Germany, Rosenzweig was “an existential philosopher.”  According to one description of The Star of Redemption, his seminal philosophic work Rosenzweig “sees the world as consisting of three elements – man, the universe and God, which enter a relationship through revealing themselves to one another.  The three points form a triangle, which intersect with a second triangle of creation, revelation and redemption.  Their relations become historical forces” which in one case is Judaism – hence the star.  Revelation, which is a continuing process of good, leads to redemption.  Man helps to bring the universe to redemption by converting his love for God into his love for his fellow man.  Rosenzweig pioneered the construction of a Jewish-Christian relation without polemic, which became the basis for postwar interfaith dialogue.”  In his personal life, Rosenzweig fought crippling paralysis with the assistance of his wife.  He passed away in 1929.  According to a poll conducted by Commentary Magazine in 1965, Rosenzweig was “the most influential modern Jewish thinker.”  Quotes from Rosenzwewig: “Jewish prayer means praying in Hebrew.” (This from a man who translated the entire Bible into German)  “We owe our survival to a book – the only book of antiquity that is still in living use as a scroll.”  “Asked, ‘What does Judaism think about Jesus?” he answered ‘It doesn’t.’” 

    1887(10thof Tevet, 5648): Asara B’Tevet

    1887: At Temple Beth-El in New York City, Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler delivered a lecture entitled “Charity – Religious not Sectarian.”

    1887: President Hyman Blum presided over Mount Sinai Hospital’s annual meeting which held at the medical facility on the corner of Lexington and 65thStreet.

    1887: It was reported today that a trial is being held behind “closed doors” in St. Petersburg where 8 Nihilists are facing charges that they tried to murder the Czar during his recent visit to the Don Cossack Country. The group’s leader has been identified as a Jew named Boris Orshis.

    1887: Based on information that first appeared in the Toronto Globe, it was reported today that an Orthodox Jew living in Canada has warned his English co-religionists against worshipping Reform which he described as “Organ; pews; Christian choir; hats off; microscopic Prayer Book; abolition of the use of Hebrew; pork and oysters; Chanukah Christmas; intermarriage; the Sunday Sabbath; no God; no Judaism.”

    1888: In Vienna, 44 year old Dr. Arnold Heinrich Bodek (Aaron Chaim) married Malwine Malva Bodek.

    1888: In Panimunik which was in the Lithuanian part of the Russian Empire Julius and Fanny Opesken gave birth to Sara Opesken who gained famed Oscar winning American screenwriter Sonya Levien.

    1889(2ndof Tevet. 5650): Eighth day of Chanukah

    1889: The Hebrew Free School Association held its annual meeting today at the headquarters of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association on Lexington Avenue and 58thStreet.

    1889: Birthdate of Naftule Schüldkrau, the New York born musical child prodigy known as Nat Shilkret whose musical family included pianist Lew Shilkret, Jack Shilkret, Harry Shilkret who financed his medical school education by playing the Trumpet and Nathaniel Finston, his violinist brother-in-law.

    1889(2ndof Tevet, 5650): Eighty-nine year old Valentine Koon, the native of Stuttgart who came to the United States in 1842 where he found success in manufacturing shoes during the Civil War and in New York real estate, passed away today. In October, 1843, Koon and 11 other Jews founded the Order of the B’nai B’rith.

    1890: Birthdate of Kiev native and Russian trained psychiatrist Dr. Gregory Zilboorg, the participant in the Russian Revolution and Minister of Labor in the government of Alexander Kerensky who was forced to leave Russia for the United States after the Bolsheviks came to power which led to a career as a clinician, lecturer and author in his chosen field.

    1891(24thof Kislev, 5652): In the evening, kindle the first light of Chanukah

    1892: Samuel Marks, the friend and landlord for Hermann Stern, the German Jewish bank clerk could supply no reason for his suicide unless it was done “in a sudden fit of insanity” since he had no known financial problems or “love affair.”

    1893: “Trouble Over Master Workmen” published today described the Knights of Labor losing three locals of clothing cutters and trimmers with a total membership of 2,400 to the American Federation of Labor.  Most of these workers were Jewish and Daniel de Leon, a Jewish socialist had failed to keep them from leaving the Knights for the AF of L headed by Samuel Gompers.

    1893 “Caprivi Scores the Anti-Semites” published today relying upon information from the London Daily News described Chancellor Leo Von Caprivi’s  response to the remarks by Herr Zimmerman, the anti-Semitic leader in which he denounced “the agitation against the Jews” and warned that anti-Semites attack on “Jewish capital” would lead to an “attack on capital in general. The repeated attempts by the anti-Semites to interrupt his speech, “were the best proof of that he was hitting the nail squarely on the hand.

    1893: German anti-Semitism was described to as the persecution of “everybody whose father or mother or any ancestor was Jewish.  This new anti-Semitism united racial anti-Semitism with religious anti-Semitism.

    1894(27thof Kislev, 5655): Third Day of Chanukah

    1894: As part of a Chanukah celebration, 700 Jewish children who are “recent immigrants from Russia and Romani” and “who are pupils at the Baron de Hirsch Schools saluted the flag” today “with an ardor that awakened the patriotic feelings of the men and women who had assembled to witness the ceremony at the Hebrew Institute.”

    1894: The annual meeting of the Hebrew Free School Association was held this morning in the schoolrooms of the Temple Emanuel at Fifth Avenue and Forty-Third Street. Julia Richman was chosen to serve as a member of the board of directors for the upcoming year. During the meeting Ms Richman presented the report of the Discipline Committee.  It showed that 3,283 children between the ages of eight and fourteen years were enrolled as of November 30.  Children are required to attend public schools as a condition to participating in the afternoon classes devoted to religious subjects and instruction in Hebrew.  The Association offers a total of sixty one classes.

    1894: According to reports published today, the German Embassy in Paris “has issued a note denying that anybody connected with it had direct or indirect relations with Captain Dreyfus” which is seen as “the German government’s answer to the sentencing of Dreyfus for the alleged betrayal of French plans to the embassy in Paris and to the violent attacks made upon the embassy by the Paris press. (Editor’s note – What Jews sometimes lose sight of is that part of the Dreyfus affair was born of the deep animus the French had for the Germans following the humiliating defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the loss of Alsace and Lorraine.)

    1894: Birthdate of Yetta Zwerling, the sister of Bessie and Mamie Zwerling who sang together in the Yiddish theatre before she became a film start.

    1895: Birthdate of Abraham "Abe" Landau the chief henchman for New York gangster Dutch Schultz. Landau was Schultz's most trusted employee, often given tasks that required coolness and cunning rather than gunfire and brutality. According to some sources, “It is very likely that he never actually killed anyone during his gang years.” 

    1895: The national convention of the Hebrew Anarchists began today “on the top floor of the American Star Hotel” on 165 East Broadway in New York. 

    1895: On this date, Herzl wrote in his diary “I was just lighting the Christmas tree for my children when Rabbi MoritzGüdemann arrived. He seemed upset by the "Christian" custom. Well, I will not let myself be pressured! But I don't mind if they call it the Chanukah tree - or the winter solstice.” Guidemann was the Chief Rabbi in Vienna who believed in Jewish nationalism but considered the Jewish religion as an integral part of Jewish identity. As far back as 1871, however, he had strongly protested against the proposal of the Jewish community of Vienna to strike from the prayer-book all passages referring to the return of the Jews to the Holy Land and had even gone so far as to threaten to resign from the board of trustees if his protest should remain unheeded. But in 1897, when Herzl’s Zionist movement was in its infancy, he wrote against the tendencies of Zionism to lay more stress on the national than on the religious character of Judaism, for which he was severely attacked by the friends of the Zionist movement. When you consider the complexity of his views, you can understand his consternation at seeing Herzl lighting a Christmas tree.

    1896: In New York, Hyman and Sarah Becker gave birth to Belle Becker who gained fame as “Jewish torch singer Belle Baker.

    1897(30thof Kislev, 5658): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; 6th day of Chanukah; Parashat Miketz is chanted for the first time during the Presidency of William McKinley.

    1898: Herzl publishes his article "Französische Zustände" - "French States of Affairs" about the Dreyfus Affair.

    1898: Birthdate of Russian native Abraham Barshofsky who changed his name to John Barsha while in high school and went on to become an all-star football player at the University of Syracuse before pursuing a legal education which financed by money he earned playing “professional with the Syracuse All-Stars.”

    1898: Birthdate of Lena Goldman, the wife of  David Wilentz, the Attorney General of New Jersey who prosecuted Bruno Hauptmann and the mother of Robert Wilentz, the Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court from 1979 to 1996 and Norma Hess, the “wife of Leon Hess, founder of Hess Corporation.”

    1899: Birthdate of Morris “Moe” Barney Dalitz, Bostoh born Nevada casino owner who “was often refrred to as ‘Mr. Las Vegas.’”

    1899: Birthdate of Russian born American painter Moses Soyer.

    1900: Birthdate of Martin Konigsberg, the husband of Nettie Konigsberg who was a bookkeeper at her family’s delicatessen and the father of Allan Stewart Konigsberg who gained fame as Woody Allen.

    1901: Birthdate Samuel H. “Sam” Pite the Yale basketball player who overcame the coach’s anti-Semitism to be a star forward from 1922 – 1924.

    1902(25th of Kislev, 5663): Chanukah

    1903(6th of Tevet, 5664): Sixty-year old Julius Rosenheim, the son of Joseph and Nanny Rosenheim and the husband of Ida Rosenheim passed away today in Bavaria.

    1905(27th of Kislev, 5666): Third Day of Chanukah

    1905: It was reported today that in Philadelphia, the police did not interfered with a meeting being held “to protest against the massacres of Jews in Russia” despite a complaint that had been lodged that at least one of the speakers denounced President Roosevelt.

    1905: It was reported today that Professor Israel Friedlander said that the Russian Massacres were another argument in favor Zionism and cited the need for a Jewish Palestine as last refuge for the Jews in a time of persecution especially now when “the Christian world is preaching the Gospel of peace and good-will to man but the Christian world knows neither peace nor good-will in dealing with Jews.”

    1906: In Tokmak, Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire to Isaak and Olga Winogradsky gave birth to Lev (Louis) Winogradsky who gained fame as Lew Grade the performer, turned talent agent, turned television and movie mogul who created Baron Grade in 1976.

    1906: Birthdate of Clark M Clifford.  Clifford is best known as the ultimate Washington lobbyist and Mr. Fix-it and as the US Secretary of Defense who changed Lyndon Johnson’s Vietnam War policy.  But Clifford said that his proudest moment was the role he played in the United States recognition of Israel.  In 1948, Clifford was a White House aide to Harry Truman.  He supported Truman in this decision despite the advice from the “striped pants boys” at the State Department that this was not a wise thing to do.

    1907: Birthdate of Sheindel Reznick, the wife of Hyman Reznick and mother of Naomi Blumberg.

    1910: In Canada, Sarah and Moishe Grossman gave birth to their seventh child Allan Grossman who served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, Canada for 20 years.

    1910: Birthdate “Sam” Rotenberg, a member of the Portland Chapter of AZA and University of Oregon halfback.

    1913: In San Francisco, CA, Hattie and Edward Morris gave birth to Alvin Morris, the grandson of Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe who gained fame as Tony Martin who was successful as a singer and film start.

    1913: In New York, D. Samuel Gottesman, “a pulp and paper magnate and financier who helped the Central National Bank in New York and the former Jean Herskovits gave birth to Celeste Ruth Gottesman who married Armand Phillip Bartos and gained fame as philanthropist and patron of the arts Celeste Bartos. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    1913: Otto Philip and Matilda (Davidson) Caplin gave birth to Elliot Caplin, the creator of the comic strip “The Heart of Juliet Jones” and the younger brother of Al Capp, creator of “Li’l Abner.”

    1914: Messrs. Brooks, Rotan, Jenkins, Williamson, Rowe and Nash of Waco, TX sent a letter to the New York Times containing a copy of a petition signed by approximately three hundred gentile citizens sent to the Governor of Georgia listing the reasons why he should commute Leo Frank’s death sentence and pardon him “if he is innocent.”

    1914: Birthdate of New York City native Oscar Lefkowitz, a rabbi’s son, who gained fame as award winning anthropologist Oscar Lewis.

    1914: “Asks Aid For Jews” published today described the desperate plight of the Jewish refugees arriving in Alexandria from Jaffa and plans to ask Ambassador Morgenthau to forward some of the funds sent to him by American Jews from Constantinople to Egypt.

    1914: “Asks Report About Jaffa” published today described U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan doubts about the credibility of reports of “the ill-treatment of Jews in Jaffa.”  (Editor’s note: Were Bryan’s doubts based on the caution of a diplomat worried about war time propaganda or were they based on the anti-Semitic views and behavior he had demonstrated earlier in his career?)

    1915(18th of Tevet, 5676): Due to a quirk of the calendar Jews and Christians are both celebrating today since Shabbat and Christmas coincide.

    1915: “Alluding with gratification to Bishop Greer’s recent utterance at Carnegie Hall that the Church and civilization owed a debt to the Jew, Rabbi Ephraim Frisch of the New Synagogue on West 86th Street spoke to his congregation on “The Debt the World Owes to Christianity.”

    1915: Birthdate of Alfred M. Lilienthal “an American Jew, who was a prominent critic of Zionism and the state of Israel.”

    1915: “The Women of the Hour Committee of the American Jewish Relief Committee which is raising $5,000,000 for the Jewish sufferers from the war was formally organized” today.

    1915: Among those listed today as contributors to the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the war are $75 from the Ladies Aid of Devils Lake, ND; $69 from Muscatine, Iowa; $47 from B’rith Shalom of Philipsburg, PA; and $26 from Fort Smith, AR.

    1915: In St. Louis, MO, the Jewish Chautauqua Society met for a second day.

    1915: More than 3000 people attend the opening session tonight of “the second annual conference of Young Judeans, an organization formed to foster Zionism” in the United States which was held “in the auditorium of the Young Women’s Hebrew Session.”

    1916(30th of Kislev, 5677): Rosh Chodesh Tevet, Sixth Day of Chanukah

    1916: In New Orleans, the Jewish Chautauqua Society led by Chancellor Berkowitz of Philadelphia met for a fourth day today in New Orleans.

    1916: In New York, premier of “Joan the Woman” a silent film about the famous French saint produced by Jesse Lasky.

    1916: Birthdate of Allen Adler, the son of Yiddish theatre manager Adolph J. Adler, the grandson of Yiddish theatre great Jacob Adler and Sonya Adler and the nephew of Luther and Stella Adler. A veteran of World War II, Adler co-authored the 1956 film “Forbidden Planet” and in 1957 “Mach One,” his science-fiction novel was published. Adler fell victim to the infamous Red Scare and was blacklisted.  He passed away in January of 1964.

    1916: “A Life for a Life” which is interpreted to mean “that prosperous, protected lives in America shall save pauperized persecuted lives in Europe and Asia” was adopted today as the slogan for the Women’s Proclamation Committee’s campaign to assist in raising ten million dollars for the relief of Jews suffering from the war by the end of 1917.

    1917(10thof Tevet, 5678) Asara B’Tevet

    1917: Mass celebration took place in Washington D.C. marking the British taking Jerusalem from the Turks during World War I in which it was noted that Jewish units of the British Army took part in the fighting. 

    1917: At the Belasco Rabbi Abram Simon was among the clergymen who addressed an interfaith meeting celebrating the British capture of Jerusalem and he to the throng “that the basis of civilization was to be found in the worship of one God and that upon that basis, Jew, Gentile and Moslem might stand together.”

    1917:The observance of Christmas Mass by British forces in Jerusalem and Bethlehem is punctuated by “desultory Turkish artillery fired from the north and the east.”

    1918: Hyman Gerson Enelow, who had been in France since July representing the Overseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board wrote today that it would not be necessary for him to take charge of the newly created center established by the Jewish War Board, “since more workers” are coming to Europe making it unnecessary to fill the post and freeing him for other tasks.

    1919: “According to an announcement made” today “by the Joint Distribution Committee for the American Funds for Jewish War Sufferers” “more than one million dollars has been appropriated for Jewish relief work in Europe and Asia.”

    1920(14thof Tevet, 5681): Parashat Vayechi chanted for the last time during the Presidency of Woodrow Wilson

    1921: Rose Finkelstein married Hyman Norwood in a “wedding gown… made in the Boston WTUL’s dress shop. Rose Finkelstein Norwood was a leading labor organizer who among other things was President of the Boston Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL)

    1921: In Szczercow, Poland, Samuel and Kreindel (Piotrkowska) Brajtbart gave birth to Moryc Brajtbart (later Morris Breitbart) the brother of Rosa and Bronia Brajtbart. He would survive the Holocuast, become a dentist and immigrate to the United States in December, 1949

    1921: In an interview with the New York Times, Henry Ford said that in 1915 he abandoned “This Peace Ship” his attempt to end WW I because “he learned that the Jews were behind the war and would continue the war as long as it was profitable.”

    1921: Sixty-five year old Vladimir Korolenko, “one of the few Russian writers who create apositive Jewish images in his work,”  “condemned the Kishinev pogrom” and wrote articles in defense of Menachem Mendel Bellis passed away today.

    1921: As of today 25 year old Harry Moss who had joined Moss Bros. in 1909 and was the nephew of Alfred Moss, was serving as the director of the company which he would one day lead.

    1921: “The Little Minister” the movie version of the novel, produced by Adolph Zukor and Jesse Lasky was released today in the United States.

    1921: “Rose Finkelstein married Hyman Norwood, the love of her life, in a wedding gown made in the dress shop of the Boston Women’s Trade Union League.” (Jewish Women’s Archives)

    1924:  Birthdate of Rod Serling, creator of the Twilight Zone.  Born Jewish, Serling converted for the sake of domestic tranquility

    1925: “The help of Irish American in establishing the Irish Free State and the aid of American Jews in establishing a Jewish national homeland in Palestine were likened to each other today by Miss Sulasmith Schwartz at the opening session of the annual convention of Junior Hadassah” in Washington, DC which is being attended by approximately “1,000 delegates and guests from more than forty states.”

    1925: Birthdate of Geula Cohen, the Tel Aviv native who belonged to Irgun and Lehi and who was elected to the Knesset for the first time in 1973.

    1925: Birthdate of Yaffa Abramaov, the Tel Aviv native who gained famed as Yaffa Yarkonki, the Israeli singer whose first husband was killed while fighting with the Jewish Brigade in WW II and whose most beloved song may have been “Bab el Wad,” “an ode to the Israeli fighters who died in ambushes while driving convoys to Jerusalem during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war” passed away today.(As reported by Isabel Kershner)

    1925(8th of Tevet, 5686): Karl Abraham passed away. Born in 1877, Abraham was the German psychoanalyst who studied the role of childhood sexual trauma in relation to the symptoms of mental illness. He was initiated into psychoanalysis by Carl Gustav Jung (1904). He first met Freud in 1907, and subsequently became one of his most reliable collaborators. Covering a wide range, Abraham's papers include work on depression, mania, autoerotism, repressed hate, as well as others on applied psychoanalysis that include papers on the Day of Atonement and a major one (1909) in which he connected myths with dreams and viewed both as wish-fulfillment fantasies. Abraham founded the Berlin Psychoanalytic Society (1910). He made pioneering efforts in the psychoanalytic treatment of manic- depressive psychosis.

    1926: U.S. premiere of “Flesh and the Devil, a “romantic drama silent film” produced by Irving Thalberg with a script by Benjamin Glazer.

    1928(12thof Tevet, 5869): Seventy-six year old David Solis Ritterband the youngest child of Benvenida Solis and Leon Ritterband passed away today.

    1928(12thof Tevet, 5689): Fifty year old Alfred W. Fleischer passed away today after which he was interred at Philadelphia’s Mount Sinai Cemetery.

    1930(5th of Tevet, 5691): Eugene Goldstein passed away. Born in 1850, Goldstein was the German physicist who discovered and named canal rays (1886) which emerge through holes in the anodes of low-pressure electrical discharge tubes (later shown to be positively charged particles). Earlier, he coined the term "cathode ray" (1876) emitted from a cathode. He was the first to see that they could cast a shadow, and were emitted at right angles to the surface. He also investigated the wavelengths of light emitted by metals and oxides when canal rays impinge on them. When the Berlin Urania, opened in 1889 it had five scientific departments and a "science theatre", it was Goldstein who had recommended the "hall of physics in which the visitor could experiment on his own". Students of his that continued his work included Wien and Stark.

    1932(26thof Kislev, 5693): Second Day of Chanukah

    1933: “Roman Scandals” a film based on a story by George Kaufman, produced by Samuel Goldwyn, starring Eddie Cantor and with music by Alfred Newman during the filming of which Arthur Sheekman met his future wife, was released today in the United States.

    1934: By today, as right-wingers try to strangle Jewish businesses, “Zoltan Mesko, a leader of a pro-Nazi party had posted placard in Budapest which stated ‘Christian brothers! Only such gifts are fit for your Christmas tree which give bread to another Christian family. Brothers! By from Christian industry and business!”

    1935: Birthdate of author and feminine activist Anne Roiphe.  Born Anne Roth, she is best known for writing Up the Sandbox.

    1936: A month after premiering in the U.K. “Rembrandt” a biopic directed and produced by Alexander Korda was released in the United States today.

    1938: Harold Goldblatt presided over today’s opening session Avukah’s three day conference being held at the Hotel Claridge.

    1940(25thof Kislev, 5701): Chanukah

    1940: After premiering in the United States, “The Thief of Bagdad” a fantasy produced by Sir Alexander Korda, with contributions by Vincent and Zotlan Korda, the other two siblings of this fascinating trio of Hungarian born Jews was released in the United Kingdom today.

    1940: Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's "Pal Joey" premiered in New York at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre.

    1940:  The British government; suspended the quota for legal immigration to Palestine for three months.  The Zionists saw this as punishment for illegal immigration activities in general and specifically, the events surrounding the Patria. There is a positive correlation between the British attitude towards Jewish immigration during and after World War II and the violent activity of the Irgun.

    1941: George Beurling, the Canadian born pilot who died in 1948 while on training flight with the infant Israeli air force, flew his Spitfire on his first combat today.

    1941: “Banjo Eyes,” a musical adaptation of “Three Men on a Horse” with a cast that included Eddie Cantor and Lionel Stander, opened at the Hollywood Theatre on Broadway.

    1941: During World War II, the Battle of Hong Kong ends as the forces of British Empire were defeated by those from the Empire of the Rising Sun thus beginning the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong. Jews had begun settling in Hong Kong when the British took control in 1842.  However most Jewish merchants preferred mainland communities such as Shanghai.  During the 1930’s as the Japanese forces took control of more of mainland China, these same Jewish businessmen and many Jews who had found fled the Nazis, moved to Hong Kong. No matter how distasteful Japanese rule might have been, for the Jews, it was better than having fallen into the hands of the Nazis. Of course, this does not in any way provide expatiation for the treatment of the Chinese population at the hands of their harsh Japanese occupiers.

    1942 (17th of Tevet, 5703): Nazi forces in Cracow capture and murder Aharon Liebeskind leader along with Heshek Bauminger, of the Jewish Fighting Organization (JFO).  Bauminger will be captured and killed in March of 1943.

    1942: U.S. premiere of “Reunion in France” directed by Jules Dassin, produced by Joseph L. Mankiewicz with music by Franz Waxman.

    1942: Birthdate of Barry Joseph Goldberg, the Chicago native who became a songwriter and record producer.

    1943: Trucks carrying naked Jewish women make regular trips to the gas chamber at Auschwitz-Birkenau. Any woman who leaps from a truck is immediately shot down.

    1943(28thof Kislev, 5704): Shabbat Shel Chanukah

    1943: The U.S. government sent a telegram informing Adina Werfel that, while returning from conducting a Hanukah service for American soldiers in Casablanca, the small plane carrying her husband, Rabbi Louis Werfel (the “flying rabbi”) had crashed into the Algerian mountains due to limited visibility caused by bad weather. Werfel was an Orthodox Rabbi serving as Chaplain with the United States Army Air Force.

    1943: Birthdate of Israeli historian Moshe Zimmermann.

    1944: In an Upper Silesia Labor Camp, the Nazis selected 60 Jews to be shot because they no longer were able to work.

    1945 Today, Sergeant Benjamin Ferencz “was honorably discharged from the Army” in what would be only a temporary leave of absence from government service a few weeks later he was recruited to serve as prosecutor under Telford Taylor the chief of the team dealing with the “Subsequent Nuremberg Trials.

    1945: Birthdate of Evelyn "Eve" Pollard (Evelyn, Lady Lloyd), OBE an English author, journalist and a former editor of several tabloids.

    1945: U.S. premiere of “Road to Rio” with a script co-authored by Jack Rose

    1946(2nd of Tevet, 5707): 8th& final day of Chanukah

    1947: For the last time, Christmas is celebrated by the British as the ruling power in Jersualem.

    1947: “A Double Life” directed by George Cukor, featuring Shelley Winters and Philip Loeb was released today in the United States.

    1947:  “The Voice of the Turtle” directed by Irving Rapper was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.

    1947: “Daisy Kenyon” the movie version of the novel of the same name produced and directed by Otto Preminger was released today in the United States.

    1947: “Captain from Castile” a costume drama featuring Lee J. Cobb and Marc Lawrence with music by Alfred Newman was released today in the United States.

    1947:Two British soldiers were killed and at least three more were wounded tonight when gunmen from the Stern Gang \fired on a group of Tommies who were celebrating Christmas in a Tel Aviv cafe.

    1947: In Brooklyn, NY, Loa Schleifer and Morris W. Wasserstein gave birth to Bruce Wasserstein, t”he Wall Street investment banker who helped pioneer the hostile takeover in the 1980s and reshaped the mergers and acquisitions business into a high art…” (As reported by Sorkin and de la Merced

    1948: After passing through Jewish and Arab checkpoints, Christian pilgrims are allowed to enter Bethlehem.

    1948: Birthdate of Philadelphia born Kay S. Hymowitz, the Brandeis and Tufts University graduate who pursued a career in teaching and journalism.

    1948:U.S. premiere of Abraham Polonsky’s “Force of Evil” starring John Garfield with music by David Raskin.

    1949: “Real estate mogul Abraham Hirschfeld” and Zipora Teicher Hirschfeld gave birth real estate developer, producer and art collector Elie Hirschfeld, the husband of  “Sarah J. Schlesinger, a physician, researcher and associate professor of clinical investigation at Rockefeller University.”

    1949: “My Foolish Heart” a movie based on a short story by J.D. Salinger produced by Samuel Goldwyn and with a script by Julius J. Epstein and Philip G. Epstein premiered today in Los Angeles.

    1949:Israel and Jordan ease armistice restrictions so pilgrims can attend Christmas services in Bethlehem. Most people in Holy Land are UN personnel and diplomats, because Jordan prohibits other pilgrims from returning directly to Israel.

    1950: Birthdate of Yehuda Poliker “an Israeli singer, songwriter, musician, and painter. Poliker's father, Jacko, tells the story of his escape from Auschwitz in the 1988 film "Because of That War" (Biglal Hamilhamah Hahi), which features music by his son. The film includes interviews with Yehuda Poliker and Ya'akov Gilad, whose Polish Jewish parents also survived Auschwitz.”

    1950: “Vendetta” from which Max Ophuls was fired as the director was released today in the United States.

    1952:The Jerusalem Post reported that Hapoel Hamizrahi and Mizrahi finally resolved to join the Mapai-General Zionists-Progressives government coalition.

    1952: The town of Hatzor is founded in the Galilee, developing from the Ma'abarah located there. The immigrants came from the camp in Rosh Pinah where the living conditions were described as “poor.”

    1952: The French press was highly critical of Lebanon, which had turned down the Israeli offer to enter the Lebanese territorial waters in order to save the French liner S.S. Champollion, which sank in a heavy storm, having split on reefs off Sidon on the Lebanese coast. All but 26 of the 328 passengers and crew lost their lives, mostly while trying to swim the 200 meters separating them from the shore. According to the French press all passengers, crew and the ship could have been saved, had Lebanon accepted the prompt Israeli assistance offer.

    1953(19thof Tevet, 5714): Eighty-two year old Levi “Lee” Shubert “the eldest of seven siblings of the theatrical Shubert family passed away today

    1955(10th of Tevet, 5716): Asara B'Tevet

    1955(10thof Tevet, 5716): Psychoanalyst Barbara Low, “the sister of Sir Maurice and Sir Stanley Low and aunt of Ivy Litvinov,” a founding member in 1919 of the British Psychoanalytical Society, prolific author and lecturer who “attracted wide attention when she spoke on the “Psychoanalysis of Nazism” passed away today.

    1955: “I’ll Cry Tomorrow” a biopic about actress Lillian Roth who converted to Catholicism from Judaism directed by Daniel Mann and produced by Lawrence Weingarten was released in the United States today.

    1957: “The Enemy Below” a WW II war movie in which Theodore Bikel, whose family escaped Austria, played the second command of the Nazi submarine was released in the United States today.

    1957: U.S. premiere of Stanley Kubrick’s subtly anti-war film “Paths of Glory” starring Kirk Douglas.

    1959(24thof Kislev, 5720): Erev Shabbat; kindle the first Chanukah light in the evening.

    1961(18th of Tevet, 5722): Otto Loewi passed away. Born in 1873, Loewi was the German-born American physician and pharmacologist who shared the 1936 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (with Sir Henry Dale) "for their discoveries relating to the chemical transmission of nerve impulses." Sadly, just two years later he was a victim of Nazi persecution, imprisoned for being Jewish. As ransom for his life, he was forced to hand over his possessions, including his Nobel Prize money, and Loewi escaped to England. From there he moved to America in 1940. His research showed that it was the release of a certain chemical (the transmitter) acetylcholine that enabled the transmission of nerve impulses. Loewi also investigated action of drugs able to blockade or assist nerve impulse transmission.

    1961: After a year on Broadway at the St. James Theatre, “Do Re Mi”  a musical with music by Jule Styne and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, transferee to the 54th Street Theatre today.

    1963: “Love with the Proper Stranger” a delightful off-beat comedy written by Arnold Schulman, featuring Herschel Bernardi and with music by Elmer Bernstein was released today in the United States.

    1964: U.S. premiere of “The Pleasure Seekers” with music by Lionel Newman

    1964: “Six and the Single Girl” with a script by Joseph Heller and starring Tony Curtis and Lauren Bacall was released in the United States today.

    1969: The French discover that the berths that had been holding five embargoed Israeli missile boats are empty. The absence of any announcement about the embargo's termination prompted media inquiries, which failed to elicit convincing explanations. "Where are they?" asked a banner headline in a local newspaper. “The boats were indeed on the run. Battered by towering waves as they crossed the Bay of Biscay, they dropped anchor in a Portuguese cove alongside an Israeli freighter fitted out as a refueling ship, one of several support vessels deployed along the 5,150-km. escape route. When the boats entered the Mediterranean, British maritime monitors on Gibraltar signaled "What ship?" A Lloyd's helicopter circled the silent vessels but saw no identity numbers or flags. The British monitors, guessing the boats' destination from the media reports, flashed "bon voyage" in salute to Nelsonian flair. Stung by Israel's audacity, French defense minister Michel Debre called for the air force to interdict the vessels which had been spotted off the North African coast racing east. Prime minister Jacques Chaban-Delmas refused. Near Crete, IAF Phantoms roared low overhead protectively and waggled their wings. The boats would sail into Haifa harbor on New Year's Eve, 1970, to cheers for a bravado display of high-stakes hutzpa. For Israel's navy, however, the flight from Cherbourg was no lighthearted caper but a matter of life or death - its own. These missile boats were part of decade long development project designed to give Israel a naval capability that would help the Jewish state meet the nautical threat posed by  its Arab neighbors who were being supplied by their Soviet  and East Bloc patrons.

    1970: After ten days, “The First Leningrad Trial ends with Jewish and non-Jewish defendants --Mendel Bodnya, Israel Zalmanson, Silva Zalmanson, Anatolii Altman, Leib Khnokh, Boris Penson, Wulf Zalmanson, Iosif Mendelevich, Alexey Murzhenko, Yurii Fedorov-- accused of “hijacking” an airplane to escape the Soviet Union and reach Israel, sentenced 4 to 15 years while Mark Dymshitz and Eduard Kuznetsov received the death sentence, which was eventually commuted to 15 years.

    1973(30thof Kislev, 5734): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah

    1973: “The Sting” the Oscar award winning film starring Paul Newman, featuring Harold Gould and with a marvelous score by Marvin Hamlisch was released in the United States today.

    1974: U.S. premiere of “The Sting” starring Paul Newman with an amazingly memorable musical score created by Marvin Hamlisch.

    1974(11th of Tevet, 5735): Seventy-four year old Irish painter Harry Aaron Kernoff passed away today.

    1975: “The Hindenburg” an epic about the airships disaster with music by David Shire and featuring Alan Oppenheimer, a cousin of J. Robert Oppenheimer was released in the United States today.

    1975: “Lucky Lady’ a comedy directed by Stanley Donen, produced by Michael Gruskoff and wrottem bu Gloria Katz was released in the United States today.

    1977: Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat met in Ismailia, Egypt. During negotiations, Sadat tells Begin that there can be no separate peace between Israel and Egypt.  To gain peace with Egypt, Israel must agree to the pre-1967 boundaries and recognize the right to Palestinian self-determination.  Rather than lose momentum or stop the negotiations, Begin and Sadat established several working committees to examine different aspects of the peace process.

    1977: U.S. premiere of “High Anxiety” directed and produced by Mel Brooks who co-authored the script along with Barry Levinson and co-starred in it along with Madeline Kahn.

    1977(15th of Tevet, 5738): Comedian Charlie Chaplin died at age 88.

    1978(25thof Kislev, 5739): Chanukah

    1978: Republication of “The Menorah” by Theodor Herzl

    1980: Today, over 1,200 people “representing members of Orthodox, Conservative, Reconstructionist, and Reform, synagogues” attended the founding conference of the New Jewish Agenda

    1980: U.S. premiere of “Altered State, a sci-fi thriller adapted from a novel of the same name written by playwright Paddy Chayefsky who used the pen-name “Sidney Aaron” when he wrote the script and co-starring Bob Balaban as “Arthur Rosenburg” and produced by Daniel Melnick.

    1980: U.S. premiere of “First Family” written and directed by Buck Henry (Henry Zuckerman)

    1983: On their 43rd wedding anniversary millionaire real estate mogul Sol Goldman sent his estranged wife Lillian flowers and “asked her to organize a birthday dinner for their daughter Amy” as part of an attempted reconciliation.

    1983: In an article entitled “Israel’s Founding Father,” James Feron reviewed Ben-Gurion: Prophet of Fire by Dan Kurzman.

    1984(1stof Tevet, 5745): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1985: U.S. Premiere of “Murphy’s Romance” a charming comedy co-starring Corey Haim with music by Carole King.

    1985:A small bomb concealed in a loaf of bread was found at a bus stop near Tel Aviv University today, the police said. A passer-by discovered the suspicious-looking loaf and informed explosives experts, a police spokesman said. The device was safely dismantled. No arrests were reported.

    1987:Three Palestinian guerrillas infiltrated a short distance into Israel from Jordan tonight and were captured alive by Israeli troops after a shootout.

    1987: “Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night,an American animated fantasy adventure film featuring the voice of Edward Asner as “Scalawag the Raccoon” was released in the United States today.

    1988: In an interview with a Kuwaiti newspaper published, Egyptian President Mubarak was quoted as saying he would go to Israel if the visit would help achieve peace. Prime Minister Shamir has said he would welcome a visit by Mr. Mubarak.

    1989(27thof Kislev, 5750): Third Day of Chanukah

    1989: Skokie native and Penn alum Brent Howard Novoselky caught a fourth quarter touchdown pass which sealed the victory for his Minnesota Vikings over the Green Bay Packers and garnered them a place in the NFL playoffs.

    1989:During the American invasion of Panama the United States Embassy in Panama recanted its previous report that Mike Harari, a 62-year-old retired agent of the Israeli intelligence service, Mossad was an American ''prisoner of war.''

    1990: After premiering in Beverly Hills five days ago, “Godfather III” co-starring Eli Wallach was released in theatres throughout the United States.

    1990: Hadash lost one of its four seats in the Knesset when Charlie Biton broke away to establish Black Panthers as an independent faction

    1991: In the United States, limited release of “Grand Canyon” directed and co-produced by Lawrence Kasdan with a script by Lawrence Kasdan and Meg Kasdan.

    1993: “Shadowlands” in which Debra Winger portrays the life of Joy Davidman, the Jewish poet who converted to Christianity was released in the United States today.

    1993: Eleven people were injured when a bomb went off in an Israeli ship at Eilat.

    1994: In the United States, general release of “Little Women” starring Winona Ryder as “Jo”

    1994(22ndof Tevet, 5755): Near the Binyanei Hauma (Jerusalem International Convention Center) thirteen Israeli soldiers and civilians were wounded when a Hamas sponsored suicide bomber tried to board their bus at the entrance to the city, but was foiled they managed to close the door.  The terrorist succeeded in blowing himself up.

    1994: A Palestinian suicide bomber carrying a pack of explosives blew himself up here near a bus full of Israeli soldiers today, wounding 13 people and killing himself.

    1994:Shimshon Moshe’s kiosk was torn apart by a blast from a suicide bomber standing at a bus stop, across from Jerusalem International Convention Center. The bomb exploded prematurely, wounding 13 and killing the suicide bomber.  Moshe survived the attack and rebuilt his kiosk, which did a brisk business selling sandwiches, drinks, and snacks to travelers heading out of the city. Tipping his hat to fate, he ironically renamed his kiosk “Pitzutz Shel Kiosk” or “Blast of a Kiosk.” Seventeen years later, Moshe’s kiosk would again be the center of a bus bombing in Jerusalem.

    1995(2nd of Tevet, 5756): 8th Day of Chanukah

    1995(2nd of Tevet, 5756): Ninety-year old Emmanuel Levinas a Talmudic scholar who was one of the major philosophic minds of the twentieth century and whose work was greatly influenced by Martin Buber and Franz Rosenzweig passed away today.

    1995:The Israeli Government approved sweeping changes today requiring the country's powerful banks to sell substantial parts of their assets, a Treasury spokesman said. The move has far-reaching implications for the concentration of economic power in Israel as well as for the planned privatization of the banking sector.

    1996: Premiere of “Mother” directed and written by Albert Brooks who also starred in the comedy, produced by Scott Rudin with music by Marc Shaiman.

    1996(15thof Tevet, 5757): Sixty-four year old economist Michael Bruno, the former head of Israel’s central bank passed away today in Jerusalem. (As reported by Peter Passell)

    1997: Jerry Seinfeld announced that this is the final season of his TV show.

    1997: U.S. premier of “Wag the Dog” directed and produced by Barry Levinson, with a script by David Mamet, starring Dustin Hoffman and featuring Hope Garber “as the Albanian grandmother.”

    1997: U.S. premiere of “Kundun” including a score create by Philip Glass.

    1998: “The Thin Red Line” the movie version of the WW II novel with music by Hans Zimmer and edited by Israeli Saar Klein was released in the United States today.

    1998: U.S. premiere of “Patch Adams” co-produced by Marvin Minoff with music by Marc Shaiman.

    2000: BBC Radio 4 broadcast an adaptation of “The Man Who Came To Dinner” the dramatic creation of Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman (Yes, the Jews provided the entertainment for Englishmen on Christmas)

    2001(10th of Tevet, 5762): Asara B'Tevet

    2001: “Ali” a sports biography directed and co-produced by Michael Mann who also co-authored the screenplay along with Eric Roth co-starring Ron Silver and filmed by cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki and edited by Stephen Rivkin was released in the United States today

    2001(10th of Tevet, 5762): Fity-year old “Mari Kajiwara, an American modern dancer of stunning quality who mesmerized audiences as a leading member of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, the Ohad Naharin Dance Company and the Batsheva Dance Company of Israel, passed away in Tel Aviv (As reported by Anna Kisselgoff)

    2003(30th of Kislev, 5764): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    2003(30thof Kislev, 5764):Adva Tzippora Fisher, 19, of Kfar Saba; Cpl. Rotem Weinberger, 19, of Kfar Saba; Staff Sergeant Noam Leibowitz, 22, of Elkana and Cpl. Angelina Shcherov, 19, of Kfar Saba were murdered today and 16 others were wounded when suicide bomber from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine “detonated an explosive device near a bus stop at the Geha Interchange.”

    2004: According to reports published in today’s The Cedar Rapids Gazette the Israel Museum has announced that "an ivory pomegranate long touted by scholars as the only relic from Solomon's Temple is a forgery..."  The collector alleged to have been involved in this forgery was the same person who claimed to have found a burial chest containing the bones of James the brother of Jesus.  The pomegranate is actually about 3,500 years old and comes from the Bronze Age that pre-dated the time of the Temple.  But the inscription tying it to the Temple was of more recent origins.

    2004: “The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou” a comedy produced by Scott Rudin, with a script co-authored by Noah Baumbach and co-starring Jeff Goldblum was released in the United States a month after opening in Los Angeles.

    2004:  For the first time since the latest wave of Arab violence, a Palestinian leader attended Christmas observances in Bethlehem.  As a sign of possibly improving relations, 15,000 tourists were in Bethlehem on Christmas Day.  This was the largest turnout since the latest wave of terror began in 2000.

    2005: At Eilat, fourth and final day of the Red Sea Classical Festival.

    2005: “The New World” a historic drama filmed by cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki and edited by Saar Klein was released today in the United States.

    2005: Bensiyon Morisbhai Songavkar an Indian professional cricketer represented Saurashtra when it played Goa today.

    2006: Haaretz reported that Journalist Uri Dan, 71, died yesterday from cancer. Dan, who wrote for Ma’ariv, the Israel Defense Forces magazine Bamahaneh and the New York Post, was a close friend of former prime minister Ariel Sharon.

    2006: In “The Jews Who Wrote Christmas Songs” published today, Nate Bloom provides the following Jewish connections to the ASCAP’s list of the 25 most popular Christmas songs:

    “Winter Wonderland” was co-authored by Felix Bernard, a Brooklyn born Jew

    “The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire)"was written in 1945 by Mel Tormé (1925-1999) and Robert "Bob" Wells (born 1922)--both of whom are Jewish. Tormé, the son of Russian Jewish immigrants, is most famous as a jazz vocalist, but he did write about 250 songs, mostly with Wells. Tormé wrote the music for "The Christmas Song" and Wells penned the lyrics.

    “Sleigh Ride” was the product of lyricist Mitchell Parish(1900-1993), who was a Lithuanian born Jew named Michael Hyman Pashelinsky whose family took him to Shreveport, LA when he was an infant.

    "Let It Snow! Let it Snow! Let it Snow!" was written in 1945 by the Jewish songwriting team of lyricist Sammy Cahn (1913-1993) and composer Jule Styne (1905-1994).

    “White Christmas” by Irving Berlin, the non-religious Jew who was the son of a rabbi.

    "Rudolph The Red Nosed Reindeer" and “Its Beginning To Look A Lot Like Christmas” are both products of Jewish song writer Johnny Marks

    "It's The Most Wonderful Time Of The Year" co-authored by George Wyle (1917-2003), born Bernard Weissman in New York City, who got his start playing piano in the Catskills

    "Silver Bells" co-authored by Livingston and Evans.Jay Livingston, who wrote the music, and Ray Evans (1915-2007), who wrote the lyrics, were a famous Jewish songwriting team with many big hits to their credit. Livingston (1915-2001) was born Jacob Levinson in a small industrial suburb of Pittsburgh. Evans was born in 1915 in Salamanca, a small city not that far from Buffalo, N.Y. He went to the University of Pennsylvania, as did Livingston, and the two met when they joined the university dance band. They formed their songwriting partnership in 1937 and it endured until Livingston's death. (By all accounts, these two guys were like brothers and Evans was absolutely devastated by Livingston's death.) According to ASCAP the most popular version of "Silver Bells" is the one by saxophonist Kenny G, who is Jewish.

    “I’ll Be Home for Christmas” co-authored by Walter Kent, Buck Ram (who were Jewish) and Kim Gannon (who was not Jewish) Kent (1911-1994) was born Walter Kauffman in New York. He was a practicing architect, an orchestra leader, and a composer. Most of his composing was for films. His other big hits were "The White Cliffs of Dover" and "I'm Gonna Live Till I Die." He is buried in a Los Angeles area Jewish cemetery. Ram (1907-1991) was also born in New York. His real fame came as a rock n' roll music writer and producer in the '50s, most notably with the Platters, a group he created. He is credited as the writer of such hits as "The Great Pretender,""Only You,""The Magic Touch" and "Twilight Time."

    2006: Shas MK OferHugi was convicted of various charges related to forgery and fraud and was later sentenced to two years in prison and ordered to pay a 12,000 shekel fine.

    2006: On the anniversary of his birth BBC Radio 2 transmitted the second of two special one tribute programs celebrating the life of Lew Grade.

    2006: “Notes on a Scandal” the movie version of the novel by Zoe Heller whose father was Jewish with a soundtrack by Philip Glass and produced by Scott Rudin was released in the United Kingdom today.

    2007: At the Friedman Center in Santa Rosa, CA, a screening of “The Impossible Spy” which tells the incredible but true story of Elie Cohen, an Egyptian-born Jew and top Israeli intelligence recruit whose obsession with his mission as a double agent drove him to his death.

    2007: A group of 40 new immigrants from Iran touched down at Ben-Gurion International Airport , the largest since the fall of the Shah and Iran's Islamic Revolution in 1979. A total of 200 Iranian Jews have immigrated to Israel in 2007, compared to only 65 in 2006.

    2008:In Downtown Manhattan’s East Village Simon Jacobson facilitates the Chanukah Drum Circle and Menorah Lighting featuring special Holiday Melodies

    2008: MK Uri Ariel of Tkuma left The Jewish Home, a right-wing party formed by the merger of Moledet, Tkuma and the National Religious Party.

    2008: U.S. premiere of Marley & Me directed by David Frankel and co-starring Alan Arkin.

    2008: Tkuma MK Ariel left Jewish Home and joined the Union

    2008: “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button” a film that received thirteen Oscar nominations with a script by Eric Roth was released in the United States today.

    2008: The Maltz Musuem sponsors the Third Annual Chinese Food and a Movie. From noon to 4 p.m. visitors to the Museum can  experience “Maccabees: The Original Superheroes” — dress up and have photos taken, watch short movies and vintage superhero films, make Hanukkah candles and join in candle lighting and songs, as well as enjoy egg rolls, latkes, donuts and holiday songs.

    2008: In Washington, D.C. closing session of USY International Convention. This marks the forty-seventh anniversary (December, 1961) of the USY convention where Danny Siegel launched his career on a national stage and taught at least one attendee how to smoke cigars.

    2008: Opening session of the Hazon Jewish food conference in Pacific Grove, California.

    2009:From 11am to 3pm those in New York City can enjoy “A Special Day of Free Events”” at Yeshiva University Museum.

    2009:The Rosenbloom Owings Mills (MD) JCC holds a day of Relaxation, Creation and ReJEWvenation where, among other things, families can make their own challah; children can make their own Shabbat kits, complete with centerpieces, tzedakah boxes, Kiddush cups and Havdalah kits and everybody can enjoy an appearance by ShinShinim, a teen Klezmer band from Ashkelon, Israel. 

    2009(8th of Tevet, 5770):Morris E. Lasker, a federal judge in New York and Massachusetts for four decades who struck down squalid, often brutal conditions in New York City jails and upheld prisoners’ rights perhaps more than any other jurist of his era, died today in Cambridge, Mass at the age of 92. (As reported by Robert D. McFadden)

    2010(18th of Tevet, 5771): Yahrzeit of Huna Mori bar Mor Zutra, The Exilarch ("Resh Galuta") of Babylonian Jewry who “, was executed in Pumpeditha by order of the Persian emperor.”

    2010(18th of Tevet, 5771): Yahrzeit of Rav Mesharshia bar Pekod

    2010(18th of Tevet, 5771): Yahrzeit B'nei Yissachar, Rabbi Zvi Elimelech Shapiro of Dynov (1783?-1841), author of the Chassidic work B'nei Yissacha who passed away in 5602 (1841).

    2010: The 3 day-long Gateways Winter Retreat with Rabbi Mordechai Becher, Mrs. Debbie Greenblatt, Dr. Chaim Presby, Rabbi Jonathan Rietti, Mrs. Chaya Reich, Rabbi Mordechai Suchard and Rabbi Yonason Shippel is scheduled to enter into its second day at the Hanover Marriot in New Jersey.

    2010: On Shabbat, Jews all over the world begin reading the Book of Shemot or Exodus.

    2010: The Master Classes taught by American director Michael Mayer at the Stage-Center International Theatre Workshop in Tel Aviv come to an end.

    2010(18th of Tevet, 5771):Bud Greenspan, award-winning filmmaker, writer, character and, arguably, the world's No. 1 fan of the Olympics, passed away today at the age of 84. (As reported by Mike Kupper)

    2011: The 61st USY International Convention is scheduled to begin in Philadelphia, PA

    2011: The Gateways Chanukah Retreat is scheduled to come to an end in Somerset, NJ.

    2011: “Minus 16,” a work by Ohad Naharin, Israel’s most famous choreographer is scheduled to have its final performance by the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater at New York City Center.

    2011: Community Mitzvah Day sponsored by the Jewish Federation of Greater New Orleans is scheduled to take place today.

    2011: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including ‘Man Seeks God: My Flirtations With the Divine’ by Eric Weiner, ‘Democratic Enlightenment: Philosophy, Revolution, and Human Rights 1750-1790’ by Jonathan I. Israel and the recently released of paperback edition of ‘In The Valley of the Shadow:On the Foundations of Religious Belief’ by James Kugel.

    2011:Today the Ministerial Committee for Legislation delayed a vote on bills aimed at combating discrimination against women. The two pieces of legislation, one proposed by Likud MK Tzipi Hotovely, and the other by Kadima MK Orit Zuaretz, would reduce the dismissal of pregnant women, or those undergoing fertility treatment, and ensure that women who want to breastfeed during work hours are able to do so.

    2011: Residents of an ultra-Orthodox neighborhood in Beit Shemesh called Israel police officers “Nazis” today, after they removed a sign ordering the separation of men and women in a street in that neighborhood. In response to the removal of the sign by police officers and city inspectors from Beit Shemesh, a crowd of local ultra-Orthodox residents gathered around them, shouting and cursing at them. One man hurled rocks at the police officers, but managed to flee the scene. No one was hurt and no arrests were made.

    2011(29th of Kislev, 5772): Eighty-seven year old “Andrew Geller, an architect who embodied postwar ingenuity and optimism in a series of inexpensive beach houses in whimsical shapes, many of them in the Hamptons, and who helped bring modernism to the masses with prefabricated cottages sold at Macy’s” passed away today. (As reported by Fred A. Bernstein)

    2011(29th of Kislev, 5772): Sixty-five year old “Adrienne Cooper, an American-born singer, teacher and curator of Yiddish music who was a pioneer in the effort to keep the embers of that language smoldering for newer generations” passed away today. (As reported by Joseph Berger)

    2012: The Maccabeats are scheduled to perform this evening at B.B. King Blues Club & Grill

    2012: The JCC of Northern Virginia is schuedled to sponsor the “Fiddler on the Roof Sing-Along.”

    2012: In New York, the Aish Center is scheduled to host Discovery 2012 a Jewish educational program that boasts having a quarter of a million attendees worldwide.

    2012: “The Smoking Room” is scheduled to shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2012: Today Turkish police arrested four men in the coastal city of Adana on suspicion that they tried to sell a purportedly 1,900-year-old Torah scroll.

    2012: Sources close to both Hatnua chairwoman Tzipi Livni and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today that the two parties are investigating the possibility of working together in the next government.

    2012: Israel to Review Curbs on Women’s Prayer at Western Wall

    2013: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host JFest, a Family Fun Day featuring Israeli Dancing and a screening of “Hava Nagila”

    2013: The American film classic “Casablanca” which has a “raft” of Jews before and behind the camera is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: Eleanor “Bron appeared on BBC One in an adaption of The Tractate Middoth.”

    2013: Today, the IDF deployed an Iron Dome missile interception battery to the area near the southern town of Sderot, amid heightened tensions between Israel and the Palestinians following a string of attacks against Israeli civilians, police officers and soldiers. (As reported by Ilan Ben Zion)

    2013:Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon said today that the "terror attacks in Judea and Samaria are the result of incite, instigated by the Palestinian Authority, which teaches hatred of the State of Israel. We will know how to handle it." (As reported by Yoav Zitun)

    2014: On this day, reading “Real American Jews write Christmas Music” should provide a Jewish connection with events being celebrate each year on December 25th.

    2014: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host J Fest including a screening of “The Frisco Kid.”

    2014: “Bottle Shock” and “Winter Sleep” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival

    2014: “Archaeologists conducting excavations in the town of Magdala, situated on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, exposed a public structure from the Roman period, it was reported today. The structure's grandeur led researchers to conclude that the site contained the ruins of an ancient synagogue. "We're still at an early stage of unearthing the structure," they said. "We found parts of the structure, fragments of columns, parts of benches, the threshold of a door and pottery fragments." (As reported by Itay Blumenthal)

    2014: Eleven year old Ayala Shapira was seriously injured in a firebomb attack this evening while riding with her father Avner.

    2014: “The High Court of Justice has ruled that Israel must evacuate and dismantle the of Amona, the largest illegal outpost in the West Bank's Binyamin Region Council, within two years and work to find alternative housing for the settlers currently living there.” (As reported by Aviel Magnezi)

    2015: In Fairfax, VA, the Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host J Fest including a free screening of Barbra Streisand in “Yentl.”

    2015(13thof Tevet, 5776): Ninety-five character Jason Wingreen passed away

    2016(25thof Kislev, 5777): First Day of Chanukah; in the evening, kindle the second light

    2016: The UK Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host a screening of “The Innocents.”

    2016: The 5th Annual Adrienne Cooper Dreaming in Yiddish Memorial Concert which this year “will honor Yiddish poet Irena Klepfisz” is scheduled to place at the Museum of Jewish Heritage.

    2016(25thof Kislev, 5777): Eighty-eight year old Vera Rubin the groundbreaking astronomer passed away today.  (As reported by Dennis Overbye)

    2016: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently release paperback edition of Good on Paper by Rachel Cantor.

    2017: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “director Maysaloun Hamoud’s groundbreaking film In Between” that tells the story of “three young Arab-Israeli women sharing a flat in Tel Aviv.”

    2017: Brooklyn based “Tsibele” and “Overnight Kugel” are scheduled to perform on the fourth night of Yiddish New York.

    2017: “A Magical Trip to Jewish Morocco” sponsored by Temple Emanu-El is scheduled to begin today.

    2017: One hundredth anniversary of the first Christmas under which Jerusalem was ruled by the British.

    2017: Seventieth anniversary of the last Christmas under which Jerusalem was ruled by the British.

    2018: After having premiered at the American Film Insitute Fest in November, “On the Basis of Sex,” a bi-opic based on the life of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg directed by Mimi Leder was released in the United States today.

    2018: In Albany, NY, the Congregation Ohav Shalom is scheduled to host an evening of “theater with the Noodle Pudding Players performing Jeffrey Sweet’s “The Value of Names” which “describes the impact of the 1950’s-60’s Hollywood blacklisting of many actors, producers and directors whose lives were forever changed.”

    2018: During its third Yiddish New York is scheduled to host a lecture by “thnomusciologist Walter Zev Feldma styled “Nign/Zemer/Lid: Religious Yiddish Vocal Folk Music Traditions”

    2018: The Jewish Federation of Greater Pittsburgh is scheduled to host Mitzvah Day today.

    2018: “The book launch of Rabbi Itamar Verhephtig’s Aleicha Zarach in which author and editor Rabbi Itamat Verhephtig describes the life and work of Dr. Zerach Verhephtig who headed a huge rescue project during the Holocaust, signed the Declaration of Independence, was awarded the Israel Prize and was a member of the Knesset and Deputy Minister of Religions” is scheduled to take place today in Jerusalem.

    2018: While still digesting the ramifications of the United States immediate withdrawal from Syria, Israelis awoke this morning to deal with increased political turmoil resulting from yesterday’s announcement that elections will be held in April of 2018 instead of November of 2019 as originally planned.

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    December 26

    1135: Coronation of Stephen I, king of England, who in 1141 burned down the house of Aaron f. Isaac in Oxford as a way to “induce” the Jews to providing him with funds to continue his war with Empress Matilda who had previously extorted funds from the same Jewish community.

    1194: Birthdate of Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor who improved the conditions for the Jews of Palermo, Naples and Jerusalem.

    1424:  The city of Barcelona, Spain was granted the right to exclude Jews for all time.

    1495: Savonarola expelled the Medici and the Jews from Florence. The Jews, who had previously served as the Medici's bankers, were replaced by a Monte di Pieta, a public loan bank.

    1634:  Religious freedom was granted to Jews and Catholics in Brazil. This was the period of time when Brazil was under the control of the Dutch.  Things would change in 1654 when Portugal took Recife, Brazil and the Jews were forced to flee.  One group of these refugees would arrive in New Amsterdam and the rest is history.

    1751: Birthdate of Lord George Gordon who took the name Yisrael bar Avraham Gordon when he converted to Judaism in 1787

    1753(1stof Tevet, 5514): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah

    1776: In an act of daring-do Washington ferries his freezing, starving troops across the ice choked Delaware River and leads them to victory at the Battle of Trenton. There were certainly Jewish soldiers among those who joined in the Crossing of the Delaware two of whom may have been Abraham Levy and Phillip Russell. Since Washington’s Army was on the verge of destruction, defeat at Trenton would have meant the end of the American Revolution, a war which created a nation rightfully described as “the last best hope men” – an appellation with which the Jewish people would heartily agree.  One of the most readable treatments of this turning point in American history is The Crossing by the Jewish author Howard Fast which was the source for a film by the same name.

    1783: Áron Chorin, a Hungarian rabbi who sought to reform some Jewish practices, married today following which he had a short, unsuccessful career in business before making use of his Talmudic knowledge and rabbinic skills as the leader of the Jewish community of Arad.

    1783: Isaac Baruh Lousada, a member of a family of prominent planters and merchants in Jamaica and his wife gave birth Emaneul Baruh Lousa, “a collateral ancestor of Moshe Baruh Louzada , a founder of the London Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue”  who after moving to England lived at Sidmouth which he developed into a “popular resort.”

    1791(30thof Kislev, 5552): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah

    1799: American Jews who have been welcomed by The Father of our Country join their fellow citizens in mourning the passing of George Washington who was buried today.  (Washington’s letter to the Jews of Newport set a tone of acceptance that has been the unique hallmark of the Jewish experience in the United States)

    1801: A deed bearing today’s date conveys land owned by Charles Carroll to Levi Solomon and Solomon Etting which the Baltimore Jewish community will use as a cemetery.

    1809: Anne Emilie Furtado, the daughter of Abraham Furtado the President of the Assemblee des Notables married Moise Aime Solar, the son of Aaron Felix Solar.

    1810: Solomon Jonas married Rosetta Joseph today at the Great Synagouge.

    1823: As the struggle between Reform movement and traditionalists became more pronounced, a party of Orthodox Jews obtained a royal cabinet order that frustrated attempts “to adapt the old ritual to new forms” including sermons preached in German. This forced Isaac Noah Mannheimer, a rabbi who was a leader in the Reform movement to leave Berlin for a pulpit in Hamburg which led him to a position in Vienna where he was able to fully display his intellectual and oratorical gifts.

    1825: Several Imperial Russia army officers lead force of approximately3000 soldiers on the Senate Square in the failed Decembrist uprising. Pavel Pestel, one of the leaders of the unsuccessful Decembrist revolt, proposed sending all Jews from Russia to some territory in Asia Minor, especially acquired for this purpose, where they would be able to establish independent state.

    1829: One day after she had passed away, Francis Harris the wife of Henry Harris was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery

    1834: Birthdate of Abraham Baer the cantor who was a native of Prussia and who moved to Gothenberg in 1857 at the age of 23 to pursue his career.

    1838: Birthdate of Giueseppe Ottolenghi the native of Lombardy who rose to be a General in the Italian Army serving as the Commandant of the First Army Corps.

    1843(24th of Kislev, 5595): In the evening, kindle the first light of Chanukah

    1848: In Philadelphia. Buchau, Germany, native Max Einstein, the owner of a ribbon and silk store who would rise to the rank of Colonel during the Civil War married Helena Guggenheim,

    1852: The Reverend Samuel Osgood delivered a talk at the Church of the Messiah in NYC entitled “The Enigma of History- A Discourse on the Jewish Race” which was based, in part, on information provided by Rabbi Morris Raphall with whom Osgood had carried on a correspondence. 

    1853(25thof Kislev, 5614): 1st day of Chanukah

    1854: In Bavaria, Mendel Emanuel Schloss and Adelheid Baer Schloss gave birth to Leopold Schloss, the husband of Karoline Schloss.

    1854: Two days after he had passed away, Hyam Hyam, the husband of Hannah Lazarus with whom he had had eight children, was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.

    1860: In “Ballston Spa, NY,” Lewis Muhlfelder and Rosa Schwarz gave birth to Union College undergrad and Albany Law School trained attorney David Muhlfelder

    1861: During the Civil War, in what was known as The Trent Affair, Confederate diplomatic envoys James M. Mason and John Slidell are freed by the United States government, thus heading off a possible war between the United States and Britain. Slidell, the Louisiana politician who had been a power in the Democrat Party, before the war, was a close ally of August Belmont who had married his niece.  During the war, Slidell would serve in Paris where his daughter would marry a leading French-Jewish financier.

    1862: The Union “Army of the Cumberland” including the 79th Indiana Regiment under the command of Colonel Frederick Knefler left Nashville to face the Rebel “Army of Tennessee” which was camped at Murfreesboro.

    1864(27thof Kislev, 5625): Third Day of Chanukah

    1866: Birthdate of Toby Cohn, the native of Breslau, who became a “German physician and medical author.”

    1867: Birthdate of Julien Benda, the Paris born “philosopher and novelist” best-known for his short book, La Trahison des Clercs (The Betrayal of the Intellectuals).

    1870(2nd of Tevet, 5631): 8th and final day of Chanukah

    1870: Dr. Max Landsberg was chosen to serve as Rabbi at Berith Kodesh in Rochester, NY.  He began serving in that capacity in March of 1871.  Prior to his selection, the position had been vacant for 2 and a half years.  Landsberg’s three predecessors were Marcus Tuska, Isaac Mayer and Aaron Ginbserg who completed his service in 1868.

    1872: The London Daily Telegraph reported on a paper presented by George Smith on recent explorations of the Tigris and Euphrates river valley which should shed further light on the origins of the ancient Hebrews including the dates for the life of Abraham.

    1873: Rabbi Aron Chorin gets married and leaves the rabbinate for the world of Commerce.  The change will be short-lived and will become the Rabbi in Arad in 1789.

    1875(28th of Kislev, 5636): Fourth day of Chanukah

    1875: It was reported today that “an ‘English Jew’ had recently written an essay modern Judaism in which he asserted that it was utterly impossible to convert a respectable Jew to Christianity.  When it was pointed out to the author that the Prime Minister of England was a convert to Christianity from Judaism, the ‘English Jew’ claimed that the Disraeli’s father, Isaac, had a quarrel with the Synagogue about money and that he had left the Synagogue. While the Prime Minister had somehow become a churchgoer, he had “never been baptized as a Christian.” [Editor’s note – “The English Jew” was right about Isaac but wrong about Benjamin.  The father had the children baptized after his falling out with the synagogue.]

    1876: Three days after she had passed away Esther (Brandon) Varicas, the wife of Abraham Varicas was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1877(20th of Tevet, 5638): Israel Jones, the younger brother of Solomon Jones, who became a leader of the Jewish  community in Mobile, Alabama as well as serving on the City Council, passed away today.

    1878(30th of Kislev, 5639): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1878: “A Romance of Rascality” published today described the life and times of South Carolina’s Franklin J. Moses, “a Jew” who “held his head high among the planter aristocracy.”

    1879(11th of Tevet, 5640):Sarah Reibeiro-Furtado, the daughter of Abraham Furtado, the President of the Assemblee des Notables passed away in Paris.

    1880: “The annual meeting of the patrons and members of the Mount Sinai Hospital” is scheduled “to be held at the Standard Club” at eleven o’clock this morning.

    1880: Tonight’s “driving snow-storm” did not keep a throng from filling the Plymouth Church this evening to hear Reverend Henry Ward Beech deliver his talked entitled “Persecution of the Jews in Germany.”

    1880: It was reported today that the growth in attendance at the opera in New York City is attributable, in part, to the growth of the German-Jewish population in New York.  After all, the members “of this ancient race were drawn to New York because of its rapid development in literature, in art and…in operatic music.”

    1881: It was reported today that a riot broke out in Warsaw when a pickpocket who was allegedly a Jew was caught plying his trade during the recitation of high mass in the Church of the Holy Cross.  During the violence four shops owned by Jews were destroyed and 30 people were injured.

    1881: It was reported today that the Directors of Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York have agreed to provide a doctor to work at the offices of the Society for the Aid of the Russian Hebrew Immigrants and Refugees. 1881: It was reported today that during the 3,182 patients were admitted to Mt. Sinai Hospital, of whom 1,566 were not charged for treatment.

    1883: “Georgia In Early Times” published today provided a detailed review The History of Georgia by Charles C. Jones, Jr. which included a description of the arrival of the first Jews in 1733. Governor Oglethorpe championed their cause despite opposition from some of his English supporters because he saw that as being “peaceful,” “orderly” and industrious.

    1885: It was reported today that the population of Sofia has grown from 15,000 to 25,000 since it became the capital of Bulgaria.  Approximately half of the citizens are Jewish.

    1885: Fifty four year old Austrian jurist Julius Anton Glaser who converted to Christianity passed away today.

    1886: Birthdate of Gyula Gömbös the right-wing Hungarian politician who recanted his anti-Jewish views in order to become his country’s Prime Minister during the 1930’s,

    1886: Paul Heyse, the German-Jewish writer, is one of the “eminent authors of the 19th century according to Dr. George Brandes, whose book Eminent authors of the nineteenth century:  Literary portraits was reviewed in today’s New York Times. (Brandes is Georg Morris Cohen Brandes, a Danish born Jews who was a leading literary critic)

    1886: “When To Go Long Or Short” published today traces the career and financial dealings of Solomon Mopus a Polish born Jew living in New York City.

    1886: In “Mr. Tooker on Religion” published today, Joseph Tooker a leading New York merchant, writer and theatre managers provided his views on the celebration of Christmas.  Among other things he believes that the Jewish merchants “are heart glad over every return of this jubilee season of their Christian fellow-citizens” since “they make so much money.”  He also marveled at the fact that some Jewish children hang up stockings on Christmas eve which he sees as an example of “where ignorance is bliss ‘tis folly to be wise.”

    1887: In South Carolina, Albert E. Hertz married Laura E. Bonnoitt today.

    1887: It was reported today the society providing financial support for Mt. Sinai Hospital had grown by 101 during the year and now totaled 3,564.

    1888: Moriz Rosenthal, “the eminent pianist” will give a recital today at the Academy of the Music in New York.

    1888: It was reported today that children under the care of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum will be among those New York youngsters who will attend upcoming performances of “Little Lord Fauntleroy.”

    1889: It was reported today that the Hebrew Free School Association had assets of $58,682.37 which it uses to support three schools that are open daily from 3:30 in the afternoon until 6 in the evening.

    1889: Birthdate of actor Vladimir Sokoloff, the Moscow native who went from the Moscow Art Theatre, to Berlin in 1923, Paris in 1932 to avoid the Nazis and finally to the United States in 1937 where he appeared on Broadway, television and films that included oddly enough his portrayal of a Filipino in John Wayne’s “Back to Bataan.”

    1889: In St. Louis, George Washington Milius, the Cincinnati born son of William and Eva Milius and his wife Pauline gave birth to William Stix Milius

    1891(25th of Kislev, 5652): First day of Chanukah

    1891: In New York, Sarah Rachel Bluestone and Joseph Isaac Bluestone gave birth to Columbia trained physician Ephraim Michael Bluestone, a Lieutenant in the Army Medical Corps during WW I, a director of the Hadassah Hospital in Palestine and director of Montefiore Hospital and the husband of “the former Rodetsky.

    1892: “Our Superstitious Lore” published today described quaint customs of different national groups including the Jews “who have a custom of breaking crystal at a wedding to scatter brightness upon the happy pair” and who like others, “throw rice…to bring” the newlyweds “good fortune.”

    1892: It was reported today that of the more than one million people buried in and around Brooklyn an untold number are buried in Washington Cemetery in Gravessend which is only used by the Jews.

    1894: Today, in France, “many journals urged that the degradation of Captain Dreyfus should be” done “as a public ceremony.”  They say “he should be stripped of his military honors…on the Longchamps race course or the Vincennes rifle range, where thousands could witness his disgrace rather than in the privacy of the barracks.” (The term degradation refers to the formal stripping of ranking and branding of the convict military officer as a traitor before he his shipped off to Devils Island.)

    1894: “A reception and ball was given by the Progressive Bowling Club at the Hebrew Young Men’s Hall on Plane Street” tonight.”

    1893: Four days after he had passed away, 88 year old Joseph Isaacs was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery” on Buckingham Road.

    1894: Oscar S. Straus presided at the third annual meeting of the American Jewish Historical Society which began this morning at the Arlington Hotel in Washington, D.C.

    1894: According to reports published today the newly elected officers of the Hebrew Free School Association are President Albert F. Hochstadter, Vice President Henry Budge and Honorary Secretary Edmund E. Wise

    1894: “Loyal Hebrew Children” published today described the Americanization of Jewish immigrant children from Russia and Romania that takes place at classes financed by the Baron de Hirsch Fund at the Hebrew Institute which also include basic academics with an emphasis on English.

    1894: In New Orleans, LA, Rabbi Maximilian Heller and Ida Annie Heller gave birth to Max Heller

    1895: The objective of those attending the Hebrew Anarchist “was to devise ways and means for” promoting Anarchist principles” and their newspaper Die Freie Gesellschaft (The Free Society)

    1895: Toledo native Edward Nathan Calisch and Hebrew Union College graduate who became rabbi of Congregation Beth Ahabah in Richmond, Virginia in 1891 officiated at a service attended by members of the Travelers Protective Association which he said the “first instance in which any organization, not composed of Jewish members, had attended service in a body that house of worship.”

    1895: In Richmond, VA, “members of “Post A, Travelers Protective Association attended services” today at “Beth Ahabah Synagogue” during which Rabbi Edward Nathan Calisch said in his sermon “that this was the first instance in which any organization, not composed entirely of Jewish members had attended services in a body in that house of worship.

    1896: In San Francisco, La Loie Fuller “declined to either confirm or deny that the report” that she was engaged to New York State Senator Jacob A. Cantor whom she described as “a dear friend.”

    1897(1st of Tevet, 5658): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Seventh Day of Chanukah

    1897: Birthdate of Sarah “Salle” Blumberg Parnes, the widow of Harold Solomon Gerstner and Maxwell Parnes and the daughter of David Blumberg, passed away today after which she was buried in the Mount Ararat Cemetery

    1897: The American Jewish Historical Association held its seventh annual meeting in Philadelphia.  The meeting was chaired by First Vice President Simon W. Rosendale who read a letter of resignation from the association’s President, Oscar S. Straus who can no longer fulfill his duties because he is serving as United States Minister at Constantinople

    1897: Founding of the Hebrew Hospital and Asylum Musical Association which gave concerts at the Hebrew Hospital and the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and whose members included Dr. Joseph Blum, Mrs. J.J. Seldner and Miss Hennie Van Leer.

    1898: President Albert F. Hochstadter presided over the annual meeting of the Hebrew Free School Association which was held today at Temple Emanu-El in New York City. With but one dissenting vote, the association voted to decide on a plan that would lead to a merger with the Educational Alliance. The Association had ended the year with a shortfall of $5,000 and it is believed that the merger might allow the two groups to meet their goals in a more economic manner. Uriah Hermann volunteered to pay for the new prayer books needed for the People’s Synagogue

    1898: Birthdate of Ernst Fraenkel, German born political scientist, lawyer and university lecturer who fled Nazi Germany but returned to Germany after the war and resumed his career.

    1899: In New York City Clara and David Mannes gave birth to Leopold Mannes, the “American musician” who played a leading role in creating “the first practical color transparency film, Kodachrome.”

    1900: Birthdate of Samuel Cashwan, the Russian born American sculptor whose works include “Aquarius,” “Musicians” and the “Lincoln Memorial Statue at the Lincoln Consolidated Training School in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

    1901: The Fifth Zionist Congress convenes in Basel. The Jewish National Fund is established. The Jewish Colonial Trust, the monetary arm or bank of the World Zionist Organization, finally raises sufficient sums to be established. By the end of the year, 250.000 English Pounds have been collected.

    1902: Birthdate of Anatoli Lvovich Kaplan, the Russian painter whose work often reflect his Jewish origins.

    1902: Final publication of the American Hebrew which would merge with The Jewish Messenger and resume publication in 1903 as The American Hebrew & Jewish Messenger

    1905(28th of Kislev, 5666): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1905: Winston Churchill was approached by a leading Jewish constituent, Dr. Joseph Dulberg of Manchester, who was seeking British support for a Jewish national home.

    1905: “Jewish Refugees in London” published today described the arrival “in the last few weeks of hundreds of Russian Jews victims of the recent onslaughts in South Russia” in the British capital most of whom have “only a few shillings in their pockets” or are completely penniless and if they are “fortunate, find work with sweating tailors” that earns them five or six shillings a week “which enables them to share a night’s lodging…where eight or ten men sleep on sacks on the floor” and to buy “black bread, a bit of pickled herring and a cup of bad tea.

    1906: Charles Frohman moved “The Beauty of Bath” a musical with songs by Jerome Kern to the Hicks Theatre where “it ran for a total of 287 performances.”

    1907: Months of organizing work by sixteen-year-old Pauline Newman culminated in the start of the largest rent strike New York City had ever seen. One reason for the strike's success was Newman's enlistment of neighborhood housewives. While working-class activists like Newman had to work during the day, the impassioned housewives that they organized could go from tenement to tenement to convince others to strike. Thus, the success of the strike depended on shop floor networks of teenaged girls and on networks of neighborhood housewives and mothers. The strike, involving 10,000 families in lower Manhattan, lasted only until January 9, but about 2,000 families succeeded in having their rents reduced. More importantly, the strike attracted the attention of leading figures in the settlement house movement who suggested capping rents at 30% of a family's income. Though their suggestion was not implemented, it introduced the idea of rent control into New York politics. The idea stayed alive into the 1930s, when rent control was finally implemented in New York City. Newman's leadership of the strike began a lifetime of activism. It brought her to the attention of the Socialist party, which ran her for secretary of state of New York the following year (despite the fact that women did not yet have the vote in New York). She used the opportunity to call for woman's suffrage. Newman also began organizing female garment workers and was a key organizer in the 1909 Uprising of the 20,000.

    1908: In New York City, “Alex and Sarah (Reichick) Elson gave birth to Washington University trained lawyer Sam Elson, the holder of JSD from Yale who taught at his alma mater, was a member of the National Conference of Christians and Jews and was the husband of Getrude Clemens Palmer with whom he had four children.

    1908: Hyman Hirsch and Miriam Phillips Hirsch gave birth to Hyman Hirsch, Jr. who would only live to the age of 23.

    1909: Birthdate of Jersey City, NJ, native Robert S. Marcus, the City College and Yeshiva University trained rabbi and hold of doctorate of Jurisprudence from NYU Law School who led congregations in Lawrence and Newburgh, NY before serving overseas as a chaplain with the Ninth Tactical Air Force where he worked with concentration camp survivors and returning to the United States where among other things, he served as the Director of the Department of World Jewish Affairs of the American Jewish Congress while raising two children with his wife Fay.

    1909(14th of Tevet, 5670): Schaie Gittelsohn passed away today.

    1909: Three days after he had passed away, George Joel Marks, the son of Solomon Marks and Amelia Joel and the husband of Elizabeth Samuels with whom he had had ten children was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery” in London.

    1909: Dr. Felix Kornfeld and the former Paula Mandle gave birth to their first child, Peter Kornfeld, the older brother of Ulrich Kornfeld and brother-in-law of the former Lorie Granitsch.

    1909: In London, Hans Leopold Hoff, a “German Jewish merchant” and his German Lutheran wife gave birth to Australian scholar Ursula Hoff.

    1910(25th of Kislev, 5671): Chanukah

    1910:Rabbi Philip Klein of Ohab Zedek, First Hungarian Orthodox Congregation” officiated at the wedding of attorney Harris Koppelman and attorney “Esther Kunstler, the daughter of real estate dealer Felix Kunstler.”

    1910: Ten months after Avrohom Bornsztain, founder and first Rebbe of the Sochatchover Hasidic dynasty” who was “known as the Avnei Nezer ("Stones of the Crown") after the title of his posthumously-published set of Torah responsa, which is widely acknowledged as a halakhic classic” passed away, today his wife Sara Tzina passed away leaving their “only son, Shmuel,” to mourn their passing.

    1912: In Portland, OR, Isaac and Ruth Neuberger gave birth to Senator Richard Neuberger who was succeeded by his wife Maurine who was elected to the office after his death in 1960.

    1913: In Camden, NJ, the Hebrew Ladies’ Aid Society are making plans to host their tenth annual reception at Turner Hall in January, 1914.

    1913: “Atlantis” a Danish film featuring future award winning director Michael Curitz in one of his early acting appearances was released today.

    1914: In New York City, Leo Simonson, “a successful wigmaker for the theatre and movies businesses” and Irene Simonson, a member of the family that owned the Illinois Watch Case Company” gave birth to gold medal winning chess champion Albert Charles Simonson

    1914: “Josephus Daniels, the Secretary of the Navy, took immediate steps today to obtain verification of reports that the USS North Carolina, which was on its way to deliver aid to the Jews of Jaffa had threatened to bombard Tripoli when “a mob attempted to prevent the departure of an American merchant vessel” carrying refugees.

    1915: In St. Louis, Rabbi Max Heller of New Orleans was the principal speaker at today’s session of 24th annual assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society.

     1915: In an attempt to “weaken Russia internally, the authorities in Berlin handed Russian Jewish Bolshevik, Alexander Helphand, a million rubles to spread anti-war propaganda through Russia.

    1915: Having fallen too ill to be treated at Alexandria, Lieutenant-Colonel John Henry Patterson arrived in London today leaving Joseph Trumpeldor, the Jewish veteran of the Russian army, in command of the Zion Mule Corps.

    1915: A list those who have contributed to “the American Jewish Relief Committee which is raising $5,000,000 for the Jewish suffers of the war” and plan on contributing more is scheduled to be prepared today.

    1915: In speaking at Temple Beth­-El in New York, Rabbi Schulman “advocated the plan of the League to Enforce Peace as the only suggestion yet put forward which promised peace-loving nations a method of escape from the necessity of arming themselves to avoid conquest by aggressive nations.”

    1915: The second annual conference of Young Judeans which had been opened by Rabbi David De Sola Pool opened yesterday with a speech “on the subject of Judaism in America and the patriotism of the Jews” continued for a second day.

    1915: Admit reports of possible general strike in New York at the beginning of 1916, “Dr. Felix Adler, Chairman of the Arbitration Committee appointed by the May at the suggestion of Jacob Schiff to which both the garment workers and manufacturers agreed to submit their differences said” tonight “that the committee had no notification that a strike of 85,000 workers was at hand.”

    1915: It was reported today that after the Russian forces retreated from Brest-Litovsk ending the destructive battle around the city, the refugees who had been hiding in the swamps, most of whom were Jews sick with “malignant diseases” “began to straggle back into the city.”

    1915: “Henry Fisher, Chairman of the Brooklyn Jewish Volunteer Relief Committee…announced” tonight “at the headquarters at 16 Manhattan Avenue that the street collections of the day amounted to $5,000.”

    1915: “The Bath Beach division of the Brooklyn Jewish Volunteer Relief Committee for War Sufferers obtained contributions amount to $1,034 in a house to house canvass” today.

    1915: Dr. J. L. Magnes said tonight that “the most recent report from Russia was that the 3,500,000 Jews” many of whom were being driven from place to place without food and shelter “were in need of assistance.

    1916(1st of Tevet, 5677): Rosh Chodesh Tevet, Seventh Day of Chanukah

    1916: In New Orleans, the Jewish Chautauqua Society led by Chancellor Berkowitz of Philadelphia met for a fifth day today in New Orleans

    1916: It was reported today that the movement to hold a congress to demand the removal of civil and political disabilities imposed on Jews has been one of the most widely debated movements in the history of the Jews” of the United States and developed divisions of opinion with Louis Marshal, Jacob H. Schiff and Oscar S. Straus and “others in the American Jewish Committee opposed to idea of such a congress” and another group led by Justice Louis Brandeis, Judge Hugo Pam and Rabbi Stephen S. Wise” favoring the convening of such a congress in the United States.

    1916: In a protest against the high cost of kosher beef, nearly 3,000 shops refused to receive or sell kosher meat today. “Many kosher butchers closed theirs shops and put up signs in their windows reading ‘Because of the high prices on kosher-killed products, this shop will be closed until further notice.’”

    1916: Inspectors working for Joseph Hartigan, New York City’s Commissioner of Weights and Measures, reported to him tonight that the people had virtually all stopped buying kosher meat.

    1917: Orthodox rabbis in Jerusalem establish the Ashkenazi Community Council to oppose the Zionist dominated City Council of Jerusalem Jews.

    1917: The Menorah Quintennial Convention, a gathering of the leaders of the Intercollegiate Menorah Association, which Israel Zangwill said he could not attend, was scheduled to open today in New York.

    1917: Fresh Turkish troops attack the British hoping to take back Jerusalem.  After eight hours of fierce nighttime combat, the British beat them back.

    1917(11th of Tevet, 5678): Ninety-two year old Henry Sonneborn a “manufacturer” passed away in Baltimore, MD.

    1917: Twenty-two year old Cleveland born featherweight Danny Frush fought and won his fifth bout leaving him with a record of four wins and one loss.

    1918: Following the British elections, Churchill wrote Prime Minister Lloyd George cautioning him against appointing three Jews to a cabinet that had only seven openings. This was not based on any anti-Semitic feelings on Churchill’s part.  He was merely expressing concerns for the reality of British politics at a time when Lloyd George needed to build a broadly supported government that could “win the peace” now that the World War had been won.  In the end, Lloyd George appointed only one Jew to the first post-war cabinet.

    1919:Sir John Monash, Australia’s ranking General on the Western Front in World War I, who served with great distinction, returned home to a hero’s welcome. Monash was the son of a German-Jewish couple who had arrived in Australia two years before Monash’s birth.

    1919: Birthdate of Sam Aaronovitch, the native Londoner who became a leading economist and a “senior member of the Communist Party of Great Britain.

    1919: Harry Frazee, owner of the Boston Red Sox, sold Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees. Boston fans never forgave Frazee for the sale of the Bambino which was the start of the Yankee dynasty.  On top of everything else Frazee was one of those gentiles who had the dubious distinction of being smeared for being Jewish. “The Dearborn Independent, a newspaper published by one of this nation’s most infamous anti-Semites, automobile pioneer Henry Ford, published an article titled “The Jewish Degradation of Baseball”, which insisted that Frazee was a Jew, that he was out to “get” Ban Johnson and that he was part of a grand Jewish conspiracy designed to place Organized Baseball under Jewish control. Frazee was in fact Presbyterian and a Mason and, though he was not Jewish, being a Freemason branded him guilty by association. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, a forgery originating in Russia that detailed a Jewish plot to dominate the world, claimed that Jews and Freemasons were acting in concert. Judaism and Freemasonry were so intertwined in Europe, even as far back as the 1860s, that the Nazis eventually adopted the slogan “All Masons Jews—All Jews Masons,” and Hitler abolished Freemasonry in Germany in 1935. But, as evidenced by Ford and his newspaper, bigotry wasn’t just endemic of Europe, and Organized Baseball certainly was no stranger to it.”

    1920: The 29th annual assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society is scheduled to being today in Cleveland, Ohio.


    1920: The Intercollegiate Zionist Association is scheduled to hold its annual convention today at Columbia University.

    1921(25th of Kislev, 5682): First Chanukah celebrated during the Presidency of Warren Harding.

    1921: “School Days,” a comedy produced by Harry Rapf was relased today in the United States.

    1923: One day after he had passed away, 52 year old Samuel Lewis was buried today at the Crumpsall Jewish Cemtery.”

    1924:  Birthdate of Israeli spy Eli Cohen.  Since we cannot do justice to this heroic figure you might want to go to for more information about his contribution to the survival of the Jewish state.

    1925: “Lady Windermere’s Fan” a silent film version of the stage play by the same name directed, produced and edited by Ernst Lubitsch was released today.

    1927:  Birthdate of Alan King. King was equally adept as a comedic actor and as monologist.  One of his most famous lines was, “It is not how long you live, but how well you live” that counts. After uttering that bon mot, he would take a deep, long pull on his signature cigar and give you that knowing smile. His philanthropic commitments included founding the Alan King Diagnostic Medical Center in Jerusalem, establishing a scholarship fund for American students at Hebrew University, and establishing a Dramatic Arts Chair at Brandeis University. He was also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Long Island Jewish Medical Center. He passed away in 2004.

    1928: During “the first public meeting of the American Academy for Jewish Research at the Jewish Theological Seminary,” D.S. Blondheim, the secretary of the academy read a paper prepared by Professor Max L. Margolis of Dropsie College that provided a plan for the preparation of “an authoritative edition of the Hebrew text of the Scriptures” that would involve “forty scholars in Europe, Asia and America working for ten years.”

    1930: The Jewish Daily Bulletin reported today that four Jews will sit as judges of the Cleveland Municipal Court during the coming year, as a result of the appointment this week by Governor Myers V. Cooper of Maurice J. Meyer and Alfred L. Steur to fill vacancies on the Municipal Court bench where they will join the other two Jewish judges -- Jacob Stacel and Mary D. Grossman.

    1931: U.S. premiere of “Arrowsmith” the film version of the novel by the same name produced by Samuel Goldwyn with music by Alred Newman.

    1931:George and Ira Gershwin's Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" premieres on Broadway

    1931: “Mata Haria” a movie about the WW I spy produced by Irving Thalberg with a script by Leo Birinsky and Benjamin Glazer was released in the United States today.1933: U.S. premiere of “Queen Christina” a film treatment of the life of Queen Christina of Sweden produced by Walter Wanger with a script by S.N. Behrman and Ben Hecht.

    1932(27th of Kislev, 5693): Third Day of Chanukah

    1932: The NBC Blue Network broadcast episode five of “Flywheel, Shyster, and Flywheel” starring Chico and Groucho Marx.

    1934: “Pipe Paid” with a script by Viola Brothers Shore opened today on Broadway at the Ritz Theatre.

    1934: In London, “Barnett Samuel, a solicitor a and Minna Nerenstein, a composer and partner in Jewish publishers Shapiro, Valentine” gave birth to Raphael Elkan Samuel, the Marxist and Professor of History at the University of East London who left the Communist Party when the Soviets crushed the Hungarians in 1956 and who was the husband of historian Alison Light.

    1934: Anna Birshtein married Louis Geffen. Anna’s uncle was a rabbi and Louis was the son of Tobias Geffen had been who had been an orthodox rabbi in Atlanta, GA, since 1910.  Geffen and his brother Samuel formed the Atlanta law firm of Geffen and Geffen, a firm founded out of the need for the brothers to be able to practice law while remaining observant Jews.

    1936(12th of Tevet, 5697): Parashat Vayechi

    1936: A delegation of American Jewish labor leaders including Joseph Schlossberg, Max Zaritzky, Isador Nagler, Reuben Guskin, Samuel Perlmutter and Joseph Brislaw is scheduled to set sail for Europe today where members are going “to confer with experts in France, England, and Poland on the Jewish labor movement in Palestine.”

    1936: Founding of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra. The Polish born violinist Bronislaw Huberman is credited with founding the orchestra.  It was originally called the Palestine Philharmonic Orchestra but changed its name after the founding of the state of Israel. 

    1936: In Tel Aviv, Arturo Toscanini, who had fled Mussolini’s Italy, conducted the first performance of the Palestine Philharmonic. At the end of the concert Bronislaw Huberman, declared that “Nothing could describe this concert except the word divine."

    1936: Founding of the Palestine Philharmonic Orchestra, now known as the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra under the leadership of Bronislaw Huberman. “The orchestra, first conducted by Arturo Toscanini, debuted after a struggle that also involved Albert Einstein, Chaim Weizmann and a characteristically defiant David Ben-Gurion.Huberman’s epic quest is the subject of the new documentary “Orchestra of Exiles,” a real-life tale of Jewish musicians in need of a home, and a nascent country in need of an orchestra.

    1936: It was announced today that ten thousand dollars had been pledged to ORT by the American Committee Appeal for the Jews in Poland at a dinner hosted by Samuel Lamport who had pledged five hundred dollars in his own right.

    1936:  Birthdate of Kitty Dukakis the Jewish wife of U.S. Presidential candidate Michael Dukakis.

    1937: The Palestine Postreported that over 1,000 British troops, police and troopers of the Transjordan police force, spent Christmas under pouring rain in a raging battle in the Wadi Hamud area, north-west of Tiberias, where nearly forty Arab terrorists were killed. The troops and police suffered five wounded.

    1937: The Palestine Postreported that Taleb Nanini, a local notable, was killed by an Arab terrorist in his village of Akraba. Yehuda Mintz and his two sons, Isaac, 35, and Eliahu, 27, watchmen of the Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives were wounded on their way to work. In Haifa, Private Mott, a British soldier of the Essex Regiment, picked up a bomb with a burning fuse and threw it off the pavement, saving by his bold action lives of numerous passersby.

    1938: Harold Goldblatt presided over the second session Avukah’s three day conference being held at the Hotel Claridge.

    1938: In Montreal, Sarah and Jack Lev gave birth to Judy Feld Carr, the “Canadian woman” who “would rescue more than three thousand five hundred Syrian Jews between 1975 and 2000.” (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archives)

    1939(14th of Tevet, 5700): Fifty-four year old Romanian born University of Michigan Professor of Economics who had earned his Bachelor’s degree at the University of Oregon and Ph.D. at the University of Chicago in 1917 after which served as a professor of sociology and economics at several universities including Texas and Minnesota passed away today from the effects of heart attack he suffered “while listening to a radio broadcast of the declaration of war by Great Britain against Germany.”

    1940(26th of Kislev, 5701): On the second day of Chanukah, 89 year old Daniel Frohman, the “Jewish American theatrical producer and manager and early film producer’ passed away today.

    1940: U.S. premiere of “The Philadelphia Story” a romantic comedy directed by George Cukor, produced by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, filmed by cinematographer Joseph Ruttenberg with music by Franz Waxman.

    1940(26th of Kislev, 5701): One day after her 71stbirthday, Chicago native Benvenida Solis Firth, the daughter of Moses and Esther Ritterband and the wife of Emil Firth passed away today in Beverly Hills.

    1940: The British government suspended the quota for legal immigration for three months, thus halting all immigration until March, 1941.

    1940: The Broadway production lf “My Sister Eileen” written by Joseph A. Field and Jerome Chodorov and directed by George S. Kaufman opened at the Biltmore Theatre today.

    1940: Birthdate of record producer Phil Spector.

    1941: The USS Blue, which had not been sunk or damaged during the attack on Pearl Harbor thanks to the efforts of Ensign Nathan Asher, a graduate of the Naval Academy who took command U.S.S. Blue since the skipper was ashore” unloaded supplies at Midway which would be the scene of the pivotal battle in June of 1942.

    1942: The U.S. Army Medical Corps completed establishing an evacuation hospital at Tlemcen, the Algerian city whose “most important place pilgrimage of all religions was the Jewish cemetery on the outskirts of town.”

    1942: “Marine in the Making” an Oscar nominated documentary filmed by cinematographer Richard Freyer (born Morris Kolsky) was released today.

    1945: The Jewish Agency charges that Palestinian government has stopped issuing immigration certificates despite British foreign minister Ernest Bevin's declaration that monthly quota would be permitted.

    1946: Diamond factories in Natanya and Tel Aviv are raided, reportedly by Jews who would have been using the proceeds of the raid to finance the fight against the British.

    1946: Peter H. Bergson, Hebrew Committee of National Liberation, formed exile government for Hebrew Republic of Palestine in France. In the wake of British intransigence, he promises a revolt.

    1946: Zero Mostel opened in tonight’s Broadway premier of “Beggar’s Holiday” a musical which Dale Wasserman would update and present with the Marin Theatre company in 2004.

    1946: Bronislaw Huberman the Polish born violinist who was President and founder of the Palestine Symphony Orchestra returned as a soloist performing in Tel Aviv on the tenth anniversary of Arturo Toscanini’s first appearance as conductor of the orchestra.

    1947: The second radio broadcast series of “The Thin Man” which was produced by Himan Brown came to an end today.

    1947: The SS Abril left New York today bound for France sailing under a Honduran flag and operated by the American Sea and Air Volunteers for Hebrew Repatriation, an offshoot of the American League for Free Palestine and the Hebrew Committee for National Liberation

    1947: “Good News” a musical with a screenplay by Betty Comden and Adolph Green was released in the United States today.

    1947: Birthdate of Israeli soccer player Manacham Bello.

    1947(13th of Tevet, 5708): Hans Beyth, a central figure in welcoming newly arrived immigrant children to Eretz Israel, was one of seven Jews killed by Arab snipers as they traveled in convey coming from the coast up to Jerusalem. Beyth had just completed arrangements for the care of 20,000 young survivors of the Holocaust and other youngsters from Europe.

    1947: Golda Meyerson, acting head of the Jewish Agency’s Political Department escaped injury today when the convoy in which she was traveling came under attack by Arabs.

    1947: One Jew was killed and two were wounded today when Arabs attacked a Jewish patrol at Imara in the Negev.

    1947: A four year old Jewish girl, whose name has not been made public was killed today a bullet in Tel Aviv.  The assailant has not been identified.

    1947: Lazar Kaganovich completed his second term as First Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine.

    1947: In Jerusalem, an Arab Legion truck that had illegally entered the city, was fired on by Jews manning a Haganah outpost.  No casualties were reported by either side.

    1948: Despite defending itself against a war of annihilation, immigrants keep coming as can be seen by the fact that today; Israel greeted the arrival of its 100,000th immigrant since its declaration of statehood in May.

    1948: The International Ladies' Garment Workers, Union (of American Federation of Labor) donates $250,000 and lends another $500,000 to Israel.

    1948: A six plane formation of Spitfires arrived in Israel from Czechoslovakia.

    1948(24th of Kislev, 5709): In the evening, the Chanukah light is kindled for the first time in almost 2,000 years in an independent Jewish state.1948: The Knesset, the Israeli Parliament, which had been meeting in Tel Aviv moves to Jerusalem.

    1948: As Israel clandestinely moved aircraft from Czechoslovakia to the fighting front, Jack “Cohen led” fellow pilots Sinclair, Ruch, Jacobs, Schroeder, and Finkel across the sea. Cohen flew Spitfire 2014, the plane that he, as test pilot and flight leader, considered the worst. Just after take-off, Cohen had to turn 2014 around and land again. A flap on the cowling had come open and he returned to have it secured after which he rejoined the others.

    1948: King Abdullah of Jordan attendeda Palestinian conference in Ramallah that “declared its support for the Jericho Conference resolution, calling for unification of the two banks of the Jordan under the Hashemite crown.”  (And that is what happened.  The West Bank and the Old City of Jerusalem were annexed by Transjordan which changes its name to Jordan.  No state of Palestine was created or contemplated by a large swath of the Arab leadership.)

    1949(5th of Tevet, 5710): Sixty-five year old Philadelphia, PA native Leon Schlesinger, the motion picture producer “behind Warner Bros. cartoons of the 1930’s and 1940’s” who “oversaw the creation of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig and Elmer Fudd” and who was the husband of Bernice Schlesinger passed away today.

    1951: “Double Dynamite,” a comedy “based on a story by Leo Rosten,” with a screenplay co-authored by Mel Shavelson and starring Groucho Marx was released today in the United States.

    1951: Birthdate of Roslyn, NY and Barnard College Columbia University School of Journalism trained “sportswriter” and author who has written books about Sandy Koufax, Mickey Mantle and Babe Ruth and the worlds that produced them.

    1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that the Mapam Council voted, by 232 to 49, to support a very carefully worded "protest" against the Czech anti-Zionist trials and activities while identifying itself completely with "the world's revolution." The Sneh-Riftin bloc justified the trials and advocated a complete acceptance of the accusations. 

    1953(20th of Tevet, 5714): Eighty-two year old Lee Shubert, the Lituanian born eldest of seven brothers who build the Shubert theatrical empire passed away today.

    1953: Monnett B. Davis passed away while serving as the second U.S. Ambassador to Israel.

    1953(20th of Tevet, 5714): Dr. Alexander Marx, the director libraries and Jacob H. Schiff Professor of History at the Jewish Theological Seminary passed away today at the age of 75.  A native of Germany, Marx served in the Prussian Army and earned his Ph.D. in 1903 following which he came to the United States where he took up his position with JTS. When he arrived, the library contained 5,000 volumes. At the time of his death, the collection had grown to 144,000 books and 8,000 manuscripts making it one of the finest collections of Judaica in the world.

    1954: ABC broadcast the final episode of “What’s Going On” a gameshow created and produced by Mark Goodson and Bill Todman.

    1955: “Storm over the Nile” based on “The Four Feathers” directed and produced by Zoltan Korda, with music by Benjamin Frankel and co-starring Laurence Harvey was released today in the United Kingdom.

    1956: Birthdate of Yehudit Ravitz, the native of Beersheba and member of “Sheshet” who is a successful singer-songwriter, composer and music producer.

    1956: Los Angeles premiere of “This is Baby Doll” a dark comedy starring Carroll Baker and Eli Wallach and filmed by cinematographer Boris Kaufamn.

    1959(25th of Kislev, 5720): Chanukah and Parshat Vayeshev

    1960: “Do Re Mi” a musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, with a cast that included Phil Silvers and Al Lewis “opened on Broadway at the St. James Theatre” today.

    1961: From February 17, 1952 through today, Dolph Schayes played in 706 games setting an NBA record for not missing a single game.

    1962: “David and Lisa” the movie based on Jordi, Lisa and David by Theodore Isaac Rubin starring Janet Margolin and Howard Da Silva was released in the United States.

    1963(10th of Tevet, 5724): Asara B’Tevet

    1963: “Act One,” the film version of the Moss Hart autobiography directed and produced by Dore Schary who also wrote the script and featuring Sam Levene,George Segal, Jack Klugman and Eli Wallach was released today in the United States.

    1963(10th of Tevet, 5724): A year after the death of his son John, 83 year old, Jacob J. Shubert, the Lithuanian born son of David Schubart and Katrina Helwitz and  the last of the three Shubert Brothers who created a mini theatrical empire passed away today.

    1964: The Buffalo Bills defeated Sid Gillman’s San Diego Chargers in the American Football League Championship Game.

    1965: Today “at the 38th annual meeting of the American Academy for Jewish Research, Norman Gold, an assistant professor of Medieval Jewish Studies at the University of Chicago, announced the discovery of a document that “bears the date of 1020” which “he called the oldest extant legal document of the Jews in Sicily” and which he said “showed that a community of Jews flourished in Syracuse under the Arabs before the Norman conquest of the island in 1080.”

    1965: "Funny Girl" with Barbra Streisand closes on Broadway.  The Broadway hit had a Jewish diva portraying Fanny Brice, the Jewish comedic star of the Follies and radio-fame.

    1968(5th of Tevet, 5729):Arthur Fellig, known by his pseudonym Weegee passed away.

    1968(5th of Tevet, 5729):Fifty-year old Leon Shirdan, a marine biologist from Haifa was murdered today when two Palestinian terrorists attacked  El Al Flight 253 when it stopped in Athens on its way to New York.

    1969: Operation Rooster 53 was launched at 9 p.m. as A-4 Skyhawks and F-4 Phantoms began attacking Egyptian forces along the western bank of the Suez Canal and Red Sea which provided cover for three Aérospatiale Super Frelons, carrying Israeli paratroopers, made their way west towards their the communication network which was their ultimate target.

    1971: In New York the 22nd national convention of the Farband, which “finallybrought about the merger of Farband, Poalei Zion, and the American Habonim Association” came to an end.

    1972: Harry S. Truman, the 33rd president of the United States passed away in Kansas City, Mo.  Truman’s activist, anti-Communist policy and his progressive domestic program earned Truman the support of Jewish voters.  But his greatest moment, from a strictly Jewish perspective, came when he decided that the U.S. would support the creation of the state of Israel and single-handedly ensured that the U.S. was the first nation to recognize the new Jewish state

    1973(1st of Tevet, 5734): Rosh Chodesh Tevet and 7thDay of Chanukah

    1974(12th of Tevet, 5735): Comedian Jack Benny passed away at age 80

    1977: The Jerusalem Postreported from Ismailia that Prime Minister Menachem Begin, after a meeting with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, saw "peace in a few months." Begin had also expressed his anger and disappointment with Knesset members who leaked details of his peace plan before he could hand it over to Sadat. The Egyptian president described the meeting as "one of the happiest days of his life" and added that he was now ready for full ties and normalization with Israel.

    1978: Birthdate of Alan Senitt, a British political activist and volunteer in the campaign of Virginia’s Mark Warner.  Senitt was stabbed to death in Washington, D.C. defending his female campaign co-worker from street thugs.

    1981: “The Prince and the Aviator” directed by Jerry Adler and featuring Ellen Greene opened at the Alvin Theatre.

    1982: The New York Timespublished a review of Leon Blum by Jean Lacouture.

    1984: “Mrs. Soffel” a prison moved produced by Scott Rudin and featuring Maury Chaykin was released today in the United States.

    1985: It was reported today that “Moscow may restore diplomatic ties with Israel and dramatically increase the number of Jews permitted to immigrate to Israel, according to reports of a conversation between a representative of an American Jewish group and a Soviet diplomat. The Jewish representative met a few days ago with an unidentified Soviet official who predicted the restoration of full Soviet-Israeli diplomatic relations and an increase in emigration to Israel.

    1985: One person was injured in terrorist bombing that took placed out of a restaurant in Tel Aviv.

    1988: Benjamin Netanyahu began serving as Deputy Foreign Minister

    1989(28th of Kislev, 5750): Fourth Day of Chanukah celebrated for the first time during the Presidency of George Bush.

    1990:  Tele 5, a Spanish television station, is scheduled to broadcast an interview with President Hussein that had been taped on December 22nd in Baghdad during which the Iraqi leaders says Tel Aviv will be Iraq's first target if war breaks out in the Persian Gulf.

    1991: Robert S. Strauss began serving as the United States Ambassador to Russia during the Presidency of George H.W. Bush

    1992: New York Jet announcer Marty Glickman retires at 75

    1992:The standoff between Lebanon and Israel over the fate of 415 Palestinian deportees trapped in a snow-covered valley in southern Lebanon, continued today as both sides again rejected appeals to allow relief agencies to deliver food or medicine. Prime Minister Rafik al-Hariri, whose Government has blocked relief assistance from reaching the group, asked Washington to intervene with Israel to allow aid to reach the Palestinians. But at the same time, his Government turned down a request by the deportees to give the ill and injured treatment in Lebanese hospitals. An envoy of Yasir Arafat, chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, said he supported the Lebanese Government's decision to refuse entrance to the men.(As reported by Chris Hedges)

    1993: Comedian Rodney Dangerfield weds Joan Child.

    1994: The French now suffer the fate of the Israelis at Entebbe when an Air France Flight is hijacked by four members of the Armed Islamic Group.

    1996: Eighty year old actress Eleanor Lynn, a star in Clifford Odets’ “Rocket to the Moon” who was the wife of movie executive Morris Helprin and the mother of novelist and journalist Mark Helprin passed away today.

    1999: The New York Timesbook section includes a review ofMy First 79 Years by Isaac Stern with Chaim Potok.

    2000(29th of Kislev, 5761): Eighty-seven years old Felicia Shpritzer who was the first woman to earn “sergeant’s stirpes” in the NYPD passed away today.

    2001: In Moscow, a monument honoring Shalom Aleichem was unveiled at a public ceremony attended by Nathan Meron, the Israeli Ambassador.  The Moscow newspapers reporting the event described Solomon Rabinovich as “the great Russian Jew” and “a sagacious writer.”

    2001: Benyamin Ben-Eliezer won the Labor primaries that were held today.

    2002: “The Hours” a film version of a novel by the same name produced by Scott Rudin was released today in the United States.

    2002: In “The Cultural Spoils of War,” Ronald Lauder the chairman of the Commission for Art Recovery and co-chairman of the Research Project on Art and Archive describes attempts to reclaim and return cultural treasures stolen during the Holocaust.

    2003(1st of Tevet, 5764): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    2003: “The Company” a ballet movie with a screenplay by Barbara Turner was released in the United States today.

    2004: Sir Martin Gilbert “argues that Bush and Blair may one day be seen as akin to Roosevelt and Churchill. (Editor’s note – even the great ones get it wrong once in a while),,1379819,00.html

    2004(14th of Tevet, 5765): Ninety-five year old Simon “Si” Gerson a leading member of the Communist Party USA whose political activism spanned 7 decades passed away today.

    2005: “Builders Reveal Hidden Synagogue and Dark Era of Portugal's Past” published today describes the fate of Medieval Jewish Community of Porto.

    2006: Two boys, both 14, were injured about 9 p.m. when a Qassam rocket landed in the street near where they were walking. Both were treated by Magen David Adom paramedics and taken to Barzilai Medical Center in Ashkelon. A total of eight Qassams were fired at Israel during the day, the most in a single day since the cease-fire was declared about a month ago. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for firing the missiles from the Gaza Strip at the western Negev town. One of the Qassams fired at Israel Tuesday landed in the industrial area in south Ashkelon, close to a strategic infrastructure installation.

    2006: About Alice by Calvin Trillin, “a slightly expanded version of the essay Alice, Off the Page” was published today.

    2007 (17 Tevet): Yahrtzeit of Rabbi Aaron Zelig Ben Joel Feivush, author of Toldot Aaron and Rabbi Yaakov Wolf Krantz, Maggid of Dubna

    2008:HaTzofe (The Observer) printed its last edition today.

    2008: Closing session of the Hazon Jewish food conference in Pacific Grove, California.

    2008: The New York Times publishes a review of Searching for Schindler by Thomas Keneally

    2008: “Waltz With Bashir” opens in selected movie theatres across the United States.

    2008:The final decision to launch Operation Cast Lead was made on this morning, when Barak met with Chief of Staff General Gabi Ashkenazi, the head of the Shin Bet Security Service Yuval Diskin and the head of the Military Intelligence Directorate, Amos Yadlin

    2008:In Author Defends Disputed Memoir,” Dave Itzkoff describes the controversy surrounding the soon to be published Angel at the Fence by Herman Rosenblat.

    2009: The Gilad Barkan Band, led by Israeli native Gilad Barkan, appears at the Café Vivaldi in New York City. Barkan's band includes Israeli flutist Amir Milstein, co-leader of Bustan Abraham, who bestows the music with a mesmerizing and soulful new dimension.

    2009: Itamar Jobani makes his final appearance at the “Open Studios: Artist at Work program hosted by New York’s Museum of Art and Design.

    2009:The Israeli military killed six Palestinians today, three in the West Bank whom it accused of killing a Jewish settler and three in Gaza who it said were crawling along the border wall planning an attack. It was the deadliest day in the conflict in nearly a year.

    2010: The Gateways Winter retreat at Whippany, NJ came to an end.

    2010: Klezcamp is scheduled to open today in the Catskills. Henry Sapoznik, a Ukrainian cantor’s son who founded KlezKamp in 1984, calls it a “Yiddish Brigadoon.”

    2010: The Los Angeles Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Letters: Saul Bellow edited by Benjamin Taylor and When They Come for Us, We'll Be Gone: The Epic Struggle to Save Soviet Jewry by Gal Beckerman

    2010: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Hero:The Life and Legend of Lawrence of Arabia by Michael Korda


    2010:IDF troops, with the help of a helicopter gunship, fired on insurgents who detonated an explosive device against a passing Israeli patrol near the border in the southern Gaza Strip today.

    2010:Opening day of the Limmud Conference, the British Jewish community’s answer to the Edinburgh Festival, which celebrates its 30th anniversary this week at the University of Warwick in Coventry.

    2010:Today, the Supreme Court rejected an appeal filed by Israeli settlers requesting it postpone again a long-awaited order to evict an apartment building they constructed illegally in a predominantly Arab neighborhood of East Jerusalem.

    2011: For the first time ever, Jews in the I-380 corridor will have a chance to light a menorah made from bowling pins at the Chabad-Lubavitch Chanukah Bowl  under the direction of Rabbi Avremel & Chaya Blesofsky

    2011: The final performance of The Kinsey Sicks in Oy Vey in a Manger is scheduled to take place tonight in Washington, D.C.

    2011: Singer, composer, guitarist, and living exponent of Sephardic music Gerard Edery is scheduled to perform at the 6thStreet Synagogue Center for Jewish Arts and Literacy as part of Sephardic Music Festival in NYC

    2011(30th of Kislev, 5772): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    2011:A police officer was wounded as clashes erupted between ultra-Orthodox Jews and Israel today in two separate neighborhoods in Beit Shemesh. Approximately 300 ultra-Orthodox Jews began chasing police officers, hurled rocks at them, and burned trashcans after police were called to remove a sign on a main street that orders the separation of men and women in the neighborhood.

    2011: The Foreign Ministry warned that Israel's possible recognition of the Armenian genocide, which was discussed in a Knesset committee today, could lead to the serious deterioration of Israel's ties with Turkey.

    2011: Thirty-nine year old Maya Amsellem is scheduled to marry 42 year old Israeli actor Lior Ashkenazi. (As reported by Jada Yuan)

    2012: Inebriated gondoliers vying for the throne of Barataria are scheduled to take over the Hirsch Theater at Jerusalem’s Beit Shmuel starting today, with the next Gilbert and Sullivan production from the Encore Educational Theater Company.(As reported by Jessica Steinberg

    2012:Zaytoun” a film about a downed Israeli pilot who escapes from Lebanon with a disaffected Palestinian will be released today exclusively at Curzon Renoir.

    2012: “High Noon” the classic American western film starring Gary Cooper and Grace Kelly is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival. 

    2012(13th of Tevet, 5773): Ninety year old Canadian poet Elizabeth Brewster passed away today.

    2012: “Senior officials confirmed today that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu held a secret meeting in Jordan with King Abdullah II, yesterday focusing on the possibility that Syrian President Bashar Assad would use chemical weapons against rebels in the ongoing sectarian conflict raging in that country.

    2012:A 2,750-year-old temple and a cache of sacred vessels from biblical times were discovered in an archaeological excavation near Jerusalem, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced today.

    2012:Hawaii Lieutenant Governor Brian Schatz was named today to fill the US Senate seat left vacant by the death of fellow Democrat Daniel Inouye.

    2013:A Kassam rocket was fired from Gaza this evening, the second in as many days. The rocket fell in open ground right near a community in the south, causing no injuries or damage.

    In response, the IAF struck several targets in Gaza. According to an IDF statement, the sites including a weapons production site in central Gaza, along with a weapons storehouse in northern Gaza.

    2013: “Captain Phillips” starring Tom Hanks is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: “A total of 38 Indian citizens from the Bnei Menashe community made aliya today, the first cohort to arrive since the Knesset approved another wave of immigration for the group.” (As reported by Henry Rome and Sol Sokol)

    2014: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host the next in its Future Generation Series of concerts.

    2014: “Bullets holes were discovered at the entrance to a Paris publishing this morning” marking the third time this week that Jewish buildings have been fired upon the other two being at the Al Haeche Kosher Restaurant and the David Ben Ichay Synagogue. (As reported by Lazar Berman)

    2014: As “worshippers were leaving the Temple Mount complex after morning prayers, two Border Police officers were stabled near the Lions Gates” (As reported by Lazar Berman)

    2014: “The Zig Zag Story” and “The Farewell Party” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2014: “Exodus: Gods and Kings,” the $140 million Hollywood film about the biblical escape of the Jews from Egypt, will not be shown there because it asserts historical falsehoods and spreads a “Zionist view,” the Egyptian culture minister was quoted as saying today meaning that it will join Morocco as the second Arab country to ban the film. (As reported by Rick Gladstone)

    2015(14thof Tevet, 5776): Shabbat Vayechi

    2015: “Nightlife -- A festival of light and art, intent on illuminating the multicultural abundance and complexity of Tel Aviv's Neve Sha'anan neighborhood is scheduled to take place this evening

    2016(26thof Kislev, 5777): Second Day of Chanukah; in the evening, kindle the third light

    2016(26thof Kislev, 5777): Ninety-four year old Tony winning veteran Broadway actor George S. Irving passed away today. (As reported by Richard Sandomir)

    2016(26thof Kislev, 5777): Fifty one year old Chicago filmmaker David J. Steiner died in a bus crash while traveling in Uganda.

    2016: In Little Rock, Lubavitch of Arkansas under the leadership of Rabbi Pinchas Ciment is scheduled to host a Family Chanukah Party complete with Latkes and a Smooth bar at the Chabad House.

    2016: At the Town and Village Synagogue a variety of acoustic acts led by “Book of J – an amazing new Bay Area collaboration between singer/guitarist Jeremiah Lockwood (Sway Machinery) and singer Jewlia Eisenberg (Charming Hostess) making their New York debut” are scheduled to appear as part of YNY (Yiddish New York) Unplugged.

    2017: Pete and Paul, A Fargenign: Yiddish Swing Dance Party! Is scheduled to take place tonight as part of Yiddish New York.

    2017: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to kickoff “Winter Break at the Museum” by offering freed admission to “kids and students.”

    2018: “A special workshop on improvisation for instrumentalists by renowned pianist/composer Anthony Coleman, longtime faculty member of New England Conservatory” is scheduled to take place today at “Yiddish New York.” 

    2018: Penultimate session of the USY International Convention is scheduled to take place today in Orlando, FL.

    2018: In Albany, NY, “Rabbi Deb Gordon of Congregation Berith Sholom in Troy” is scheduled to facilitate this year’s final Pirkei Avot Class sponsored by the Women’s Table





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    December 27

    175 BCE (Tevet 3585): This day marked the completion of the Septuaginttranslation of the Bible into the Greek language. According to a letter from Aristeas to Philocrates, 72 sages, (six from each Israelite tribe) were brought to by Ptolemy II Alexandria to translate the Bible into Greek. Based on the legend, each sage was isolated and wrote a separate translation, but when all 72 were compared, they were all identical.  The text of the Septuagint and the Tanach are not the same.  Some viewed this translation as a positive event because it showed an interest of Greek intellectuals in Jewish thought and philosophy.  Others contend that this translation was necessary because the Jews of Alexandria had such limited knowledge of Hebrew that they could no longer read the text in the original. 

    1350: Birthdate of King Juan I of Aragon.  In 1392, Juan granted amnesty to those who had attacked the Jews of Majorca and the Christians who sheltered them in 1391. At least 300 Jews were murdered. Juan granted the amnestybecause they had done it for the welfare of king and state; and he further declared all debts of the Christians to the Jews to be null and void.”

    1459: Birthdate of John I Albert the Polish monarch also known as King Jan I Olbracht. In 1495, he transferred the Jews Cracow to the nearby royal city of Kazimierz, which helped to create a major European center for Diaspora Jewry. “With time it turned into a virtually separate and self-governed 34-acre Jewish Town, a model of every East European shtetl, within the limits of the gentile city of Kazimierz. As it developed into a safe haven for European Jewry, its population increased reaching a total of 4,500 Jews by 1630.

    1480: In Spain, a second royal decree was issued directing the Mayor and other officials of Seville to assist the inquisitors in their work since they had shown an inclination to protect the converted Jews with to whom they were drawn either because of reasons of kinships or friendship.

    1503: Followers of Zechariah of Kiev were burned in Moscow, on charges of Judaizing. This term refers to helping non-Jews convert to Judaism

    1504: "Proselytizing" Jews in Moscow and Kievwere expelled after a few high officials converted to Judaism.

    1657: Three years after the first Jews arrived in New Amsterdam and dealt with the bigotry of Peter Stuyvesant, a group Englishman living in the Dutch colony submitted a petition to the Governor-General requesting the lifting of the ban on Quaker worship.  Known as the Flushing Remonstrance, they were greeted with even greater hostility by “Peg-leg Pete” than he had shown to the Jews.

    1753(2ndof Tevet, 5514): Seventh Day of Chanukah

    1775: Merchant Aron Hart, one of the earliest leaders the Canadian Jewish community wrote to Colonel Livingston expressing best wishes for his safety and health while reviewing the money owed by the military to him for delivery of goods to the military including £121.14.10 for the Colonel’s regiment.

    1791(1stof Tevet, 5552): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Seventh Day of Chanukah

    1792(12thof Tevet, 5553): After passing away today, six and a half year old “Reizcha bat Jacob ben Zvi” was buried at the “Alderney Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1796: “The government deprived” Rabbi Wolf Boskovitz “of his office today and ordered the community to elect” a replacement but said the replacement could not be Rabbi Moses Munz.

    1797: Joel Benjamin married Rachel Levy at the Great Synagogue today.

    1797: In New York, 34 year old Richa (Rachel) Hendricks, the daughter of Uriah Hendricks, married Abraham Gomez.

    1810: Birthdate of Levi Herzfeld the native of Ellrich who became a leading German rabbi and historian who earned a Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 1836.

    1812(24th of Tevet, 5573):  Shneur Zalman of Liadi founder of Chabad Hasidism passed away (date based on adjusted secular calendar).  Born in 1745, Shneur Zalman of Liadi was a descendant of the mystic and philosopher Rabbi Judah Loew (known as the "Maharal of Prague"). He was a prominent disciple of Rabbi Dovber of Mezeritch, the "Great Maggid" who was in turn a major disciple of the founder of Hasidism Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer known as the Baal Shem Tov ("Master [of the] Good Name"). After the death of Rabbi Dovber of Mezeritch, his students dispersed over Europe. Rabbi Shneur Zalman became the leader of Hasidism in Lithuania, and is accepted as one of the great Hasidic leaders. The movement he founded was moved to the town of Lubavitch in present-day Belarus by his son and successor Rabbi Dovber Schneersohn. In 1940 the Chabad Lubavitch movement moved its headquarters to Brooklyn, New York in the United States with branches all over the world staffed by its own Lubavitch-trained, and ordained, rabbis with their wives and children. He involved himself in opposing Napoleon's advance on Russia and supporting the Jewish settlements in the Land of Israel, then under the control of the Ottoman Empire. Due to false charges from his Misnagdim opponents in Vilna, he was imprisoned by the Czar on charges of supporting the Ottoman Empire, since he advocated sending charity to the Ottoman territory of Palestine. The day of his acquittal and release, the 19th of Kislev on the Hebrew calendar, is celebrated as the "Hasidic New Year" by Lubavitch Hasidim, who have a festive meal and communal pledges to learn the whole of the Talmud known as "Chalukat Ha'Shas." Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi is well known for his systematic exposition of Hasidic Jewish philosophy, entitled Likkutei Amarim, and more popularly known as the Tanya, first published in 1797. (The fuller and more authoritative version of this work dates from 1814) Due to the popularity of this book, Hasidic Jews often refer to Shneur Zalman as the Baal HaTanya.He is also well known for his work Shulchan Aruch HaRav, his version of the classic Shulkhan Arukh, an authoritative code of Jewish law and custom. The work states the decided halakha, as well as the underlying reasoning. The Shulchan Aruch HaRav is used by Lubavitch Hasidism. However, citations to this work are sometimes found in non-Lubavitch sources such as the Mishnah Berurah and the Ben Ish Chai. Rabbi Zalman is one of three authorities on whom Shlomo Ganzfried based his Kitzur Shulkhan Arukh. Descendants of Rabbi Shneur Zalman adopted the names Schneersohn or Schneerson to accommodate Napoleonic edicts that required all subjects to take permanent surnames. (Prior to Napoleon's conquests and the winds of Enlightenment he brought in his wake, Jews only had their traditional names such as Shneur ben (son of) Boruch.) The last two Rebbes of Chabad Lubavitch, Rabbi Joseph Isaac Schneersohn (1880-1950) and Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson (1902-1994), adhered strictly to their family surnames.

    1819: Karoline and Maier Mendel Einhorn gave birth to Sigmund Max Einhorn whose wife was also named Karoline with whom he had four children – Pauline, Fanni, Rosa and Max.

    1820(22ndof Tevet, 5581): Abraham ben Gedaliah Tiktin, the native of Posen who “became chief rabbi at Breslau”: passed away today.

    1827: Lewis Phillips married Sarah Jonas today at the Great Synagogue.

    1842: Birthdate of Dr. Sigmund Mayer, the native of Bechtheim in Rhenish Hesse who became a physiologist and histologist who is the Mayer in “Traube-Herring-Mayer “a phenomenon that deals with rhythmic variations in arterial blood pressure.”

    1843: Montague Hyam married Rachel Nathaniel Levy today at the Great Synagogue.

    1848: In Charleston, SC, Jacob Ottolengui married Eliza Emma Jacobs, the daughter of Colonel Jacobs.

    1851: Birthdate of Max Judd, the Polish native, who founded the St. Louis Chess Club and served as U.S. Counsul to Austria during the 2nd administration of President Grover Cleveland.

    1853: One day he had passed away, Joseph Phillips, the son of Lyon and Elizabeth Phillips and the husband of Sarah Elizabeth Phillips with whom he had had one son – Lewis – was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

    1854: “Coming Events” published today reported on the prominent role that Benjamin Disraeli will be playing in the upcoming session of Parliament as the lead of “the loyal opposition.”  Among other things, he is expected to join with Lord Derby in support Parliamentary reform along the lines of the Chartist Movement.  This will set him on a collision course with Lord John Russell who talks more about reform than he delivers.  “Disraeli will probably propose that every householder shall have the elective franchise and that representation shall be based upon population.  If he he goes to this extent Russell will be ‘nowhere’ in the race and Disraeli will become champion of popular rights.”  [Did Disraeli’s Jewish roots explain the fact that a leader of the Conservative Party was a leading proponent for this most liberal reform?  Is there a connection between social justice and Judaism that a trip to the baptismal font cannot wash away?]

    1855: “Do You Eat Pork?” published today reported that “physicians have just discovered that the tape worm only troubles those who eat pork”  According to The Gazette Medicale  “ the Hebrews are never troubled with it” while pork butchers are “peculiarly liable to it and dogs that are fed Pork “are universally so afflicted.”

    1861(24thof Tevet, 5622): Sixty-five year old Jacob Eiechenbaum, the native of Galicia who became “one of the pioneers of modern education among the Russian Jews” passed away in Kiev.

    1861: Rabbi Abraham Fischel wrote a letter to Henry I. Hart describing the conditions of the troops encamped around Washington, DC which he has visited while waiting to hear from Congressional leaders about his efforts to get the law changed so that Jews can serve as Chaplains in the Union Army.

    1862(5th of Tevet, 5623): Sixty-five year old Michel Goudchaux the French banker who served as Minister of Finance during the Second Republic who was a fierce opponent of Louis Napoleon and his imperialism passed away today.

    1863: Five days after she had passed away, 62 year old Jane Jones, the wife of Alexander Jones with whom she had had five children was buried today at the “Lauriston Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1863: In Holland, Abraham de Pinto was appointed “Landsadvocaat” (Land’s Advocate) today.

    1864(28th of Kislev, 5625): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1868: Rumanian Jews were excluded from the medical profession.

    1868(13th of Tevet, 5629): Thirty-four year old Dr. Louis Man Emanuel who had earned an M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1860 and served as surgeon with the Union Army from 1861 to 1864 seeing action at numerous battles including Fredericksburg and Gettysburg died today in Linwood, Pennsylvania from “an attack of diabetes mellitus brought on by exposure” while serving his country.

    1868: In Plock, Anna and Ludwick Flatau gave birth to Polish neurologist and psychiatrist Edward Flatau.

    1869: Carl Theodor Liebermann and Antonie (Toni) Amalia Liebermann gave birth to their daughter Else who became Else Preuß when she married Dr. Hugo Preuß (Editor’s note: ß is a letter in the German alphabet for which there is no equivalent in the alphabet of the English language, although the proper pronunciation approximate the letter “s”)

    1869: In Cincinnati, OH, “Herman S. and Jennie (Wolf) Mack gave birth to Harvard trained, attorney Edwin S. Mack, the member of the Wisconsin bar and faculty member of the University of Wisconsin Law School faculty and husband of the former Della Adler with whom he had three daughters – Theresa, Elizabeth and Jean."

    1870: “The Jews In Rome” published today provides “an interesting summary of the peculiar legal status of the Jews” living in the Italian capital courtesy of the Florence correspondent of the London Daily News who reported that “the 4,800 Jews huddled together in the Ghetto were until a very few years ago forcibly penned up there, the huge iron gates being closed at nightfall and neither ingress nor egress permitted by the guards until the following morning.”

    1871: Rabbi J.J. Lyons officiated at the wedding of Nathan S. Hart and Ada F. Samuel, the daughter of Morris L. Samuel

    1872: In Giessen, Germany, Dora and Mayer Livingston gave birth to Sigmund G. Livingston, the Illinois lawyer who “was the founder and first president of the Anti-Defamation League.

    1874: It was reported today that Rabbi Moses Dimant who had been jailed for failing to provide the four dollars in court ordered support for his wife Liebe was released today on a writ of habeas corpus.  The writ was obtained by the wife who said she no desire to see her husband in jail.

    1874(19th of Tevet, 5635): Asher Jacob Covo, Chief Rabbi of Salonica who was born in 1797, passed away.

    1875(29th of Kislev, 5636): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1878(1st of Tevet, 5639): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1879: In New York City, as part of Hospital Saturday, Jewish congregations collected pledges estimated to total more than $20,000.  In years gone by, this money would have gone exclusively to Mt. Sinai Hospital.  This year the money will go to a city-wide fundraising effort for all participating hospitals.  The total raised yesterday does not count contributions by individual Jewish donors or donations made by businesses owned by Jews.

    1880: Birthdate of Emil Kiesler, the father of Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler who gained fame as film star Heddy Lamar.

    1880: It was reported today that Lawrence Oliphant’s new book, The Land of Gilead, includes a plan for “colonizing on of the rich and unoccupied districts in Turkey with Jews, to whom the Ottoman authorities can have no possible objection on political grounds.”

    1882: It was reported today that “Grand Master Julius Harburger” has delivered $606 to the Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society which was collected by the lodges of the Independent Order of the Sons of Israel. This brings the total collected for aid to the Jewish refugees from Russia to $3, 836.15

    1882: Birthdate of Jacob B. “Jack” Findling, the former resident of New York City and Chicago who settled in Salt Lake City, Utah in 1908 where he became President of the Boston Store, founder and President of “the Salt Lake Jewish Community Center Association” and President of “District No. 4 of B’nai B’rith.”

    1884(9th of Tevet, 5645): Parashat Vayigash

    1884: Birthdate of Ukraine native Benjamin Rosenberg who gained fame as the American modern painter Ben Benn.

    1884(9th of Tevet, 5645): Forty-one year old Mortiz Wottiz, the son of David and Karoline Wottitz and husband of Eugene Wartski Wottitz passed away today in Vienna.

    1884: It was reported today that the Jews living in the western Russian province of Volhynia are refusing to serve in the army.

    1885: It was reported today that Rabbi S.M. Morais and Rabbi Henry P. Mendes are among those calling for the establishment of a new seminary in the East to train rabbis.  This is a reflection of the dissatisfaction with the changes being advocated by the Reform Movement lead by Rabbi Isaac M. Wise and being taught at Hebrew Union College.

    1885: It was reported today that there 2,064 students attending the schools supported by the Hebrew Free School Association in New York City.

    1887: The Ladies’ Bikur Cholim Society hosted a fundraiser tonight “for the benefit of the Industrial School for Poor Girls.”

    1887: In South Carolina, Rabi Levy officiated at the marriage of Henry Rashbaum and Emma (Brown) Baum.

    1888: In New York, the City Court Judges heard an appeal by representatives of the Ladies’ Deborah Nursery and the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society and Orphan Asylum ask that they overturn their decision to allow only the Police Justices to hear applications for the commitment of children to charitable institutions.

    1888: In Tokyo, 42 year Dr. of Jurisprudence Albert Mosse and his wife Caroline (Lina) Mosse old gave birth to Hans Mosse

    1888: A piano solo and a presentation by Elliot F. Shepard were part of the entertainment at this evening’s program presented by the Young Men’s Association of Temple Beth-El.

    1889(4th of Tevet, 5650): Seventy-eight year old German portrait artist and painter Eduard Julius Friedrich Bendemann passed away today in Dusseldorf.

    1889: Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler of Temple Beth-El is scheduled to officiate at the funeral of Valentine Koon. Born at Stuttgart, German in 1810, he came to the United States where he found success in the manufacture of shoes for the army and New York real estate.  As an elector in the national election he voted for Abraham Lincoln and was one of the founders of the New York chapter of the Independent Order of B’nai B’rith.

    1890: Birthdate of Hungarian Communist Tibor Szamuely who would help form the short lived Hungarian Soviet Republic formed by Bela Kun in 1919.

    1890: In New York City, the Board of Estimate and Apportionment presented the budget for 1891 which included an allocation of $60,000 for the Hebrew Benevolent Society and $70,000 for the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.

    1891(26th of Kislev, 5652): Second day of Chanukah; in the evening kindle three candles

    1891: The Hebrew Free School Association of Brooklyn held its fourth annual examinations at Weber’s Washington where the students were tested “and showed great proficiency in translating Hebrew into English” as well as demonstrating “an accurate knowledge of Jewish History. Following the distribution of prizes and recitations by the students, three candles were lit as part of the celebration of Chanukah.

    1891: Based on information that first appeared in the Pall Mall Gazette it was reported today that “Notes of a Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Holy Land” in which F.R. Oliphant describes his visit to Palestine has recently been published in Great Britain.  Oliphant recorded the final years of Laurence Oliphant which included a variety of anecdotes involving Germans, Druses and Romanian Jews whom the older Oliphant had rescued from economic distress when he found living on the streets of Haifa.

    1891: In Tupelo, MS, Moses Plough and his wife gave birth to Abe Plough the Chairman Schering-Plough.

    1891: It was reported today that “Galician newspapers are filled with articles advocating the renewed enforcement of repressive measures against the Jews of Russia and Poland”

    1891: It was reported today that the arrest of large numbers of Jews in and around Russia has been done in complete secrecy “with people suddenly disappearing.”

    1892: Plans were published today for the upcoming dedication of the new Hebrew Orphan Asylum in Brooklyn.

    1893:The American Jewish Historical Society opens its second annual meeting at the Columbia College Library Building in New York City.

    1893: Birthdate of Leopold Pick, the resident of Vienna who was shipped to Terezin and then to Auschwitz where he was murdered at the age of 50.

    1884: In Cincinnati, Ohio, Emil Pollak and Carrie (Caroline) (Carolyn) Pollak (born Benjamin) gave birth to Julian Albert Pollack who served on the City Council and was an executive with the Community Chest.

    1894: The third annual convention of the American Jewish Society which began yesterday came to an end today, having heard numerous papers including “The Jewish Soldier” presented by Simon Wolf and having decided to hold next year’s meeting in Philadelphia.

    1894: The final budget figures for 1895 presented today at the meeting of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment included $80,000 for the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, $90,000 for the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society and $5,000 for the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children

    1894: “Irritation About Dreyfus” published today described start of a “Jew-baiting campaign” by the revolutionary and anti-Semitic newspapers.”  “La Parole predicts that the Jews by presuming to consider themselves equals with Frenchmen and competing with them are preparing the most fearful disaster that ever marked the tragic history of the race.” (The first steps on the road to Drancy?)

    1895: “The Brooklyn Hebrew Aid Society has officially been incorporated.”

    1895: Birthdate of Siegfried Aron, the native of Hamburg, Germany who gained fame as actor Siegfried Arno whose successful career in Germany was cut short by the rise of the Nazis which forced him to leave and eventually continuing his career in the United States starting in 1939.

    1895: At least 23 people died today in Baltimore when a fire broke out at the Front Street Theatre where a 2,500 people most of whom were Jewish had gathered to see the “Jewish opera, Alexander.”

    1896: Birthdate of German writer and playwright Carl Zuckmayer who did not think of himself as being Jewish until the rise of Hitler.  His mother was the daughter of a Protestant church councilor who had converted from Judaism.  This made him Jewish in the eyes of the Nazis and no doubt accounted for his fleeing to the United States where he spent World War II.

    1896: The San Francisco Call reported that word has been received regarding the engagement of New York State Senator and prominent New York attorney Jacob A. Cantor to Loie Fuller “the famous and fascinating danseuse and artist in feminine draperies.”

    1897(2nd of Tevet, 5658): Eighth Day of Chanukah

    1897: Birthdate of Haverhill, MA, native William Cantor the Harvard alum who graduated in three and half years while serving on the University Dining Council and being a member of the “Menorah Society Zionist Club” who went to become an “insurance executive” and “officer in B’nai B’rith.”

    1898: In Stolin, Russia, “Samuel and Eva (Goberman) Sandweiss gave birth to University of Michigan trained physician David Jacob Sandweiss, “the chief section gastroenterology and attending physician division of internal medicine at Detroit’s Sinai Hospital and a member of the Board of Directors the Hebrew Benevolent Society who raised four children – Samuel, Flora, Donald and Sandra – with his wife Sandra Gail.

    1898: Birthdate of Russian born David Jacob Sandweiss, who came to the U.S. in 1909, earned a Medical Degree from the University of Michigan, practiced in Detroit where he raised his son Samuel with his wife Frieda.

    1899(25th of Tevet, 5660): Moses Levi Ehrenreich, the native of Brody who became the chief rabbi of Rome whose “chief literary work consisted of the part he took the translation of the Bible into Italian under the direction of Luzzatto, for which he translated Hosea, Micah, Daniel, Ezra, and Nehemiah” passed away today.

    1904: Charles Frohman produced “Peter Pan or the Boy Wouldn’t Grow Up” which debuted today at the Duke of York’s Theatre in London.

    1905(29th of Kislev, 5666): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1905: It was reported today that the Russian government claims “that the leaders of the revolutionary at Moscow are mostly students from Kiev, Kharkoff and Odessa, among whom are many Jews.

    1906: In New York, Martha Esther Cahn, the daughter of of Moses Isaac Binion and Rachel Binion and her husband Edward Cahn gave birth to Ruth Marshall, the wife of Harold Marshall.

    1906:  In Pittsburgh, PA, Max and Annie Radin Levant gave birth to composer and pianist Oscar Levant.

    1906: In Paris, “Julia Berg, a German Jew” and “American painter Lyonel Feininger gave birth to photographer Andreas Bernhard Lyonel Feininger who was fortunate enough to get out of Europe before WW II and augmented his life as a free-lacer by working with Life, the premiere photo magazine of its day

    1907: Emperor Menelik of Abyssinia (Ethiopia), granted letters of protection to Rabbi Haim Nahoum and his team who were sent by the Alliance Israelite Universelle to study the condition of the Falashim (Ethiopian Jews).

    1908: Twenty-six year old Galicia native Samuel Schimmel the founder of Schimmel Electrical Supply in Philadelphia, PA married Anne Feigenbaum with whom he had “five children – Herbert, Ruth, Leonard, Bernard and Nathaniel.”

    1908: Dr. Herbert Friedenwald, Secretary of the American Jewish Committee said today that Russian newspapers he had just received showed that Czarist state had resumed the persecution of its Jewish citizens. 

    1908: Based on a letter whose contents were made public today in London, Israel Zangwill has denied reports coming from the United States that he is planning on turning his play “The Melting Pot” into a novel which would be dedicated to President Theodore Roosevelt.

    1909 Birthdate of Benjamin Morris Jebaltowsky the middleweight who fought under the name Ben Jeby

    1912(17th of Tevet, 5673):,Fifty –five year old Russian-born Berry Dantzig, the husband of Anna Kasor Dantzig passed away today passed away in Kansas City, MO after which he was buried in the Sheffield Cemetery. (Another source shows December 12)

    1912(17th of Tevet, 5673): In Berlin, Judicial Councilor Erich Lello passed away today.

    1913(28th of Kislev, 5674): Parashat Miketz; Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1913(28th of Kislev, 5674): Seventy-one year old Bertha Spiegelberg, the native of Borgholz, Germany and wife of Levi Spiegelberg passed away today in New York City.

    1913: The Sisterhood of the Spanish Portuguese Synagogue will hold its annual Chanukah celebration at the Astor Hotel.

    1914(10th of Tevet, 5675): Asara B’Tevet

    1914: Eugene V. Debs, the former Socialist candidate for President of the United States wrote from Terre Haute, Indiana, that “I have followed the Leon Frank case in the press on account of its extraordinary nature, and the conviction was forced upon me so long ago that Frank’s trial was a farce and that the prejudice against him on account of this races was so intense that, however innocent he might be, he had not a ghost of a chance for his life.”

    1914: Today, the Executive Committee of the American Jewish Relief Committee appropriated $100,000 “for the relief of Jews of Russia, Poland and Galicia” which is “in addition to $75,000 appropriated for the same purpose at a prior meeting” and the $50,000 “sent to the Jewish Colonization Association at Petrograd.”

    1914: In Rochester, NY, “the usual Sunday morning services of Berith Kodesh Temple were incorporated into the activities of the Jewish Chautauqua Convention which was addressed by Dr. William Rosenqau of Baltimore, MD, the organization Vice Chancellor.

    1914: “Zabara” published today provides a review Sepher Shaashchim by Joseph ben Meir Ibn Zabara translated by Professor Israel Davidson.

    1914: It was reported today that the USS Tennessee and her sister ship the USS North Carolina which had taken gold raised by American Jews to Jaffa where it was to be sent to aid those in Jerusalem are now believed to have sailed north to Beirut.

    1915: It was reported today that Dr. Christian F. Reisner delivered a sermon at the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church in “which he praised the Jews for the large contribution they have made to sufferers of their race in Europe” saying that their “wonderful exhibition of giving” is attributed to the fact that “the Jew has suffered so much that he sympathy for others that suffer.”

    1915: Ex-Judge Leon Sanders, the President of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society is scheduled to address a meeting sponsored by the Society in the auditorium of the Bank of the United States at a list of “Jewish war sufferers who anxious to communicate with their relatives and friends in the United States” will be read for the first time.

    1915: “The Foreign Relations Bureau of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society opened tonight in the building of the Bank of the United States at 77 Delancy Street” in NYC.

    1915: It was reported today that “efforts to care for the Jews in the neighborhood of Constantinople were being made through Ambassador Morgenthau to whom $5,000 is being sent every three months for distribution.”

    1915: the American Jewish Relief Committee for the Jews suffering from the war planned to have raised another million dollars by today.

    1915: “Cash contributions to the $5,000,000 fund to be raised by the American Jewish Relief Committee for the Jews suffering from the war continued to pour into the offices of the Treasurer, Felix M. Warburg at 52 William Street.

    1915: At the afternoon meeting of the National Association of Young Judea, it was decided to continue with the establishment of Young Judea Center “in which member can participate in literary work and other activities.”

    1915: In St. Louis, MO, the national meeting of the Jewish Chautauqua Society continued for a fourth day.

    1916(2nd of Tevet, 5677): 8th& final day of Chanukah

    1916: The 26th Annual Assembly of the 5,000 member Jewish Chautauqua Society whose officers include Jeanette Miriam Goldberg of Jefferson, TX is scheduled to come to an end today in New Orleans.

    1916: It was reported today that The Daily Jewish Wahreit will begin printing the story of Sergius Michallow Trufanoof better known as “Illiodor, the Mad Monk of Russia” which were not published in “a recent issue of the Metropolitan Magazine.

    1916: In New York City, the packing companies which slaughter cattle in accord with the laws of Kashrut met with representatives of the Federation of Retail Kosher Butchers and agreed to sell them kosher meat for 15 cents a pound.  Last week, they had been charging 18 cents a pound which led to a boycott by the kosher butchers. The packing companies further promised that before they raised prices again, they would meet with the butchers and explain the reason for the increase.

    1917: During WW I, the first British train arrived in Jerusalem after the Ottomans left.

    1917: Colonel Ronald Storrs, the newly appointed British Military Governor of Jerusalem, viewed the distant mountains of Moab in the glow of the sunset.  For the first time since the Crusades, 600 hundred years ago, a Christian power controls Jerusalem.  From the Jewish point of view, the Christian power was Great Britain which, under the terms of the Balfour Declaration, was committed to the establishment of a Jewish home in Palestine.

    1917: The Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs announced today that “the Turkish army that surrendered Jerusalem to General Allenby executed thirty Jewish men and women of that city” including “the father and a sister of Aaron Aaronsohn, head of the Palestine Agricultural Experiment Station which is subsidized by the American Agricultural Department.

    1917: At a meeting of naturalized American of Rumanian birth held tonight at Cooper Union several speakers including John Trowbridge, Chairman of the Rumanian Red Cross in America “said that Rumanian Jews could be assured that the United States would see to it that they would obtain freedom after the war”

    1917: Three days after he had passed away, 45 year old Solomon Vitofsky, the husband of Vella Vitofsky with whom he had had four children was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1917: More than $2,500 dollars was contributed by Rumanian Jews living in the United States for the Jewish Relief Fund.

    1917(12th of Tevet, 5678): Seventy-one year old antiquarian Joel Koopman passed away today in Brookline, MA.

    1918: Dispatches from Warsaw today report that Ukrainian General Symon Petliura “has promised protection to the Jews from pogroms” – a promise he was either unwilling or unable to keep as can be seen from the death of approximately Jews during Pogroms in the Ukraine.

    1919(5th of Tevet, 5680):Sir Charles Solomon Henry passed away. Born in 1860, he “was an Australian merchant and businessman who lived mostly in Britain and sat as a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) in the House of Commons from 1906-1918.”

    1920: “The 29th annual assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society” is scheduled to meet for a second day today in Cleveland.

    1920: In the Bavarian village of Leutershausen, Nathan Jochsberger, “a cattle dealer…and the former Sofie Enslein” gave birth to Hilda Jocbsberger the musically talented refugee from Nazi Germany who founded New York’s Hebrew Arts School for Music and Dance.(As reported by Richard Sandomir)

    1921: Birthdate of Judith Hannah Saretsky who gained fame as “Judith S. Wallerstein, a psychologist who touched off a national debate about the consequences of divorce by reporting that it hurt children more than previously thought, with the pain continuing well into adulthood…” (As reported by Denise Grady)

    1921: In Atlanta, GA, Alan and Edith Gavronski Lipshutz, gave birth to Robert J. Lipshutz, the White House Counsel for President Jimmy Carter “who played an important behind-the-scenes role in negotiations leading to the Camp David peace accords.”

    1923: Arthur Hays and Iphigene Ochs Sulzberger to their third child, Judith Peixotto Sulzberger, who gained fame as “Dr. Judith P. Sulzberger, a physician whose philanthropy led to the creation of a center for genome studies in her name at Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons..” (As reported by Robert D. McFadden)

    1925: Birthdate of Moshe Arens, the native Kaunas who made Aliyah in 1939 and whose career has included service as Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Ambassador to the US.

    1926: Latkin Square in the Bronx was named for the first US Jewish soldier to die in WWI

    1927: At the behest of Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky, born Lev Davidovich Bronstein, is expelled from the Communist Party. 

    1927: Oscar Hammerstein II and Jerome Kern’s “Show Boat" premiered at the Ziegfeld Theater in New York City.  If you need more of a Jewish connection than Kern and Hammerstein, this Broadway hit was based on the novel of the same name written by Edna Ferber. When Edna Ferber published Show Boat in 1926, she was already an established writer, with eleven books, two stage plays, and a Pulitzer Prize (for So Big, 1925) to her credit. But when the musical adaptation of the novel opened on Broadway with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and music by Jerome Kern, it was unlike any earlier production. Combining music and dance with fully formed characters and serious themes, “Show Boat” departed from both operetta and the musical comedy revue, establishing a new style of American musical. Ferber's work in Show Boat and in later novels grew from a keen eye and a gift for observation of the world around her. Raised in often precarious economic circumstances in small towns in Iowa and Wisconsin, Ferber always identified with the lives of ordinary working people. She believed that they had "a kind of primary American freshness and assertiveness." She tried to communicate those qualities and do justice to the lives of working folks in all of her writing. Ferber's work also drew on the oppression she felt she had experienced as both a woman and a Jew. Subjected to anti-Semitism as a child, she felt she had gained strength from facing her tormentors. Similarly, she believed that women's experience of social limitations led them to develop special strengths. Many of her early works featured strong women overcoming social obstacles to professional success. Show Boat, which tackled the theme of interracial marriage, also addressed the issue of social constraints. After its successful Broadway debut, “Show Boat” ran for 572 performances, and was later made into a film twice. Revival performances continue to entertain audiences across the country.

    1929(25th of Kislev, 5690): Jews observe Chanukah, in what will be the first winter of the Great Depression.

    1929: “Their Own Desire” a movie version of the novel starring Norma Shearer who was nominated for a best actress Oscar  was released today in the United States.

    1930: In Philadelphia, “Harold M. Saunders, an architect and the former Marian Weihenmayer, a jewelry designer, gave birth Harold Henry Saunders, the American diplomat who worked with Henry Kissinger to gain interim agreements after the Yom Kippur War and “was credit as one of the Camp David accords.”

    1930(7th of Tevet, 5691): Alfred Moritz Mond, 1st Baron Melchett, son of German born Anglo-Jewish chemist Ludwig Mund and Frieda, née Löwenthal Mund passed away.

    1930: “The Right to Love” a movie version of the novel starring Paul Lukas and featuring Irving Pichel was released today in the United States.

    1932(28th of Kislev, 5693): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1932: Radio City Music Hall opened in New York City. This American cultural landmark was a project produced by three people – multi-millionaire John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and two Jews, Samuel Roxy Rothafel, who previously opened the Roxy Theatre in 1927 and RCA chairman David Sarnoff.

    1934: “Broadway Bill” a comedy: written by Robert Riskin and based on the short story "Strictly Confidential" by Mark Hellinger” was released in the United States today.

    1935: Birthdate of Rabbi Raymond Apple who served as the Senior Rabbi of the Great Synagogue of Sydney between 1972 and 2005]. In this role, he was one of Australia's highest profile rabbis and the leading spokesman for Judaism in Australia

    1935: Regina Jonas received her semicha and was ordained by the liberal Rabbi Max Dienemann, who was the head of the Liberal Rabbis' Association, in Offenbach am Main

    1935: Birthdate of Dr. Victor Brailovsky a native of Moscow, a computer scientist and MK who served as Minister of Science and Technology. Bailovsky was a refusnik who spent three years in a Soviet prison because he wanted to make Aliyah.  He finally was allowed to leave for Israel in 1987.

    1936: In New York, “Daniel Bonn Salk and Dora Press Salk gave birth to child psychologist Lee Salk, the husband of Kerstin Salk.

    1936: Today, the National Advisory Council of the Jewish National Fund voted to provide the financial support for a project that will reclaim swampland in the vicinity of Lake Huleh which “will create an area of 14,000 acres on which 2,500 homesteads may be established” and which be “developed for agricultural uses for the benefit of Jews and Arabs beginning in 1937.”

    1936: Today, “at its annual meeting in the Commodore Hotel, the Greater New York Council of Jewish Organizations” which represents “about 250 Jewish communal and fraternal organizations with an aggregate membership” “urged Jews in the United States to contribute their share of the $5,000,000 fund for “rebuilding Palestine” which takes on an added urgency because of “the need for the rehabilitation of distressed Jews in Germany, Poland” and other countries in Europe.

    1936: In Washington, DC, delegates to the convention of Junior Hadassah “adopted a budget of $75,000 for the Junior Hadassah Palestinian Projects and for the Jewish National Fund” following which they attended a dinner featured speaker Rabbi Edward L. Israel of Baltimore said that “the difference between communism and Zionism is the difference between dictatorship and democracy.”

    1937: The Palestine Postreported two British army casualties: an officer and a private, both of whom fell while searching for arms in Arab villages in Galilee. Rafael Yavneh, 26, was shot and badly wounded at km. 16 of the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv road in the fourth Arab attack on Jewish transport within a week. The Arab Defense Party met at the house of Bisharra Debbas, a Christian and the former governor of Acre, and appealed to stop terror and to consider a new Arab representative body - an Arab Higher Council - as the alternative to the radical Husseini Arab Higher Committee.

    1937:The Haganah decides to establish Field Companies under the command of Itzhak Sadeh.

    1938: Jewish organizations provided “food and clothing” for “five hundred refugees from Germany, Austria and Hungary who left Varna for “an undisclosed destination” today.

    1938: Following a year-long survey that had been conducted by J.X Cohen, using information from “classified advertising columns of newspapers and confirmed by an investigation of the leading employment agencies in New York City and of the personnel records various industries including public utilities, quasi-government agencies, banks, insurance companies, hotels and department stores,”  “the American Jewish Congress reported today that the employment of Jews in the United States had increased since Hitler’s rise to power and was now at a record high mark.”

    1938(5th of Tevet, 5699: Poet Osip Mandelstam died in one of the labor camps of Stalin’s Gulag.

    1942(19th of Tevet, 5703): Sixty-three year old Dora Blumenthal, the Dresden born daughter of Gustav and Amalie Pinthus and the wife of Oskar Michael Blumenthal died today at Theresiendstadt.

    1942: In Worcester, MA, Frances and Jacob Hiatt, a highly successful businessman and leader in he Jewish community gave birth Myra Nathalie Hiatt who became Myra Kraft when she married Robert Kraft best known as the owner of the New England Patriots who was a powerhouse in her own right as can be seen by the fact that her philanthropy led to her being chosen as “one of the 20 Most Powerful Women in Boston.”

    1943:The keel of the SS Meyer London, a “liberty ship” was laid today.  The ship was named in honor of Meyer London, a Jewish political leader and reformer who was one of only two Socialists to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.  Ironically, London had voted against the declaration of war that led to American involvement in World War I.

    1944: Dr. Rudolf Kastner left Switzerland for Budapest, but could get only as far as Vienna because “the Red Army had encircled “the Hungarian capital.

    1944:Arrow Cross members came to the shelter run by Sister Sara Salkahazi's.  The Hungarian nun was active in hiding Jews from the Arrow Cross and the Nazis. Salkahazi and four Jewish women who did not manage to either hide or flee were taken to the bank of the Danube, where the Arrow Cross men stripped them, shot them and threw their bodies into the river.At the site where Salkahazi and those who shared her fate were executed, not far from the tourist mecca of Budapest's main market, a modest memorial has been erected. Her name and memory also grace a tree on the Avenue of the Righteous Among the Nations at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem. And now, the Catholic Church has also recognized the importance of her deeds.

    1945: The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations. Among Jews associated with the bank were Eugene Meyer, the first president, James Wolfensohn and Paul Wolfowitz, both of whom served as Presidents between 1995 and 2007 and Stanley Fischer, Lawrence Summers and Joseph E. Stiglitz who served as Chief Economist from 1988 to 2000.

    1945: The British authorities in Palestine blame the Haganah for bomb blasts and gun battles in Jerusalem, Jaffa and Tel Aviv, including an attack on a Tel Aviv arms depot.

    1945: “Terrorists struck tonight in the heart of Jerusalem, blowing up the Civil Investigation Department building in the Russian compound near the main post office. At least three policemen are dead and six injured.”  Other attacks were reported on a police station in Jaffa and installation of the Royal Engineers Workshops in Tel Aviv.

    1945: “In the greatest mass arrests in the history of Palestine more than 1,500 people were taken into custody tonight” after unidentified people blew up the British police station in the center of Jerusalem.

    1946: “After refitting in Brooklyn's Gowanus Canal, USS Cythera (PK-31), renamed SS Abril, sailed from New York City for Southern France and Port-de-Bouc., with a 21-man crew, mostly American volunteers, seven of whom were from Brooklyn.”

    1947: It was reported today that the British police in policed had revealed that the headmaster of the government school in Ramallah had received a warned that the Irgun would blow up the school.

    1947(14th of Tevet, 5708): A convoy that counted Gold Meir (future Prime Minister of Israel) as one of its passengers came under attack.  Seven Jews were killed by the Arab attackers.

    1947: Sherut Avir was formed today, “with the few light aircraft at the Jew’s disposal” with “responsibilities that included liaison, recon, transport, and convoy escort.”

    1947(14th of Tevet, 5708): Eighty-three year old old Julia H. Kohlman, the wife of Sigmnund Kolhman passed away today after which she was buried in “Springhill Avenue Temple Cemetery” in Mobile, Alabama.

    1947(14th of Tevet, 5708): Hans Beyth, a central figure in welcoming newly arrived immigrant children to Eretz Israel, was one of seven Jews killed by Arab snipers as they traveled in convey coming from the coast up to Jerusalem. Beyth had just completed arrangements for the care of 20,000 young survivors of the Holocaust and other youngsters from Europe.

    1947: Houses belonging to Jews and Arabs were set on fire today in the Jaffa-Tel Aviv region.

    1947: As communal strife continued to intensify, troops had to be used to end a six hour between Jews and Arabs near Tulkarm.

    1947: A private source in Haifa said tonight that in the last 48 hours the verified deaths included nine Jews, eight Arab and two Britons.  Forty-three people were reported to have been wounded during the same period.

    1948(25th of Kislev, 5709): Chanukah

    1948: Members of the Moslem Brotherhood assassinated Egyptian Prime Minister Fahmy Norashy Pashy because of Egypt’s failure to win the war in Palestine.

    1948: Israel bombs Arab forces in Gaza.

    1948: Fighting between Israeli and Egyptians in Fallujah.

    1948: During Operation Horev, an Israeli armored brigade attack al-Auja. The successful attack led to the surrender of Egyptian forces in the area.

    1948:  Birthdate of actress Tovah Feldshuh

    1950(18th of Tevet, 5711): Max Beckmann German-born painter/graphic artist passed away at the age of 66.

    1951: Birthdate of Henryk Halkowski historian, journalist, essayist and translator of Jewish origin, scholar of Hasidism and the history of Krakow's Kazimierz.

    1952: In New York, attorney Sidney Feldshuh and the former Lillian Kaplan gave birth to Tony Award and Emmy Award nominated actress Terri Sue “Tovah” Feldshuh, the sister of playwright David Feldshuh who may be best known for her performance in “Golda’s Balcony, “the longest-running one-woman play in Broadway history.”

    1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that Israel Rokach, mayor of Tel Aviv for the past 17 years, had relinquished his post to Haim Levanon, the Deputy Mayor.

    1952(9th of Tevet, 5713): Jesse Hieman, the son of Max Heiman who “developed Gus Blass Company into the largest department store” in Arkansas and the husband of Adele Blumenthal Heiman, passed away today.

    1952: Today, “the American Legion announced that it disapproved of the “Moulin Rouge” the movie based on the life of artist Toulouse-Lautrec featuring Theodore Bikel.

    1952: Birthdate of David Knopfler Scottish-born guitarist, singer and songwriter who along with his brother Mark was part of Dire Straits.

    1953(21st of Tevet, 5714)Poet Julian Tuwim passed away. Born in 1894 in Łódź, “he studied law and philosophy at Warsaw University. In 1919 Tuwim co-founded the Skamander group of experimental poets with Antoni Słonimski and Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz. He was a major figure in Polish literature, and was also known for his contribution to children's literature.”

    1953: In Detroit, Michigan, Reva (nee Kolodney) Taubman and shopping mall developer Adolph Alfred Taubman gave birth to Robert S. Taubman, the husband of Julia Reyes Taubman who followed in his father’s footsteps to become CEO of Taubman Centers.

    1956(21st of Tevet, 5717): Fifty-six year old University of Chicago professor Dr. Ralph Marcus, “an authority on the Dead Scrolls passed away tonight after suffering a heart attack.

    1958(16th of Tevet, 5719): Parashat Veyechi

    1958: Today Max Raskin, Marquette University trained attorney who specialized primarily in labor law announced the formation of the “law firm of Raskin, Zubrensky and Padden” with Padden being his 29 year old son in law Phillip Padden, the De Paul University trained attorney

    1959(26th of Kislev, 5720): Second Day of Chanukah

    1960(6th of Tevet, 5721): The former Meta Pollak, who had married Paul Joseph Sachs with whom she had had three children passed away today.

    1964: Elinor Bluemnthal married John Muir Gold.

    1964: Art Modell’s Cleveland Browns defeated the Baltimore Colts in the NFL Championship Game at Cleveland Stadium.

    1965: It was reported today that Dr. Salon Baron “professor emeritus of history at Columbia University’ has been elected President of the American Academy for Jewish Research, succeeding Professor Saul Lieberman.

    1965: “Marat/Sade” by Peter Weiss opened at the Martin Beck Theatre starting a Broadway run that would last for 145 performances.

    1965(4th of Tevet, 5726): Seventy-five year old Austrian-American architect and designer Frederick John Kiesler passed away today in NYC.

    1966: Birthdate of former professional football player and wrestler, Bill Goldberg.  In 1998, Goldberg did a Koufax when he refused to wrestle on Rosh Hashanah.

    1967(25th of Kislev, 5768) Chanukah

    1969(18th of Tevet, 5730): Parashat Vayechi

    1969(18thof Tevet, 5730: One American was “killed in a shooting attack on a bus near Hebron.

    1969: By 2 a.m., during Operation Rooster 53, when the paratroops had taken apart the radar station and prepared the various parts for the CH-53's, the two helicopters were called in from across the Red Sea. One CH-53 carried the communications caravan and the radar antenna, while the other took the heavier, four-ton radar itself. The two helicopters made their way back across the Red Sea to Israeli controlled territory.

    1970: After 2,844 performances at the St. James Theatre, David Merrick’s “Holly Dolly” came to a close.

    1970: The Golani Brigade took part in a retaliatory strike came against the village Yatar, a major guerrilla base.

    1972: After two previews, a Broadway revival of “Purlie” with lyrics by Peter Udell, music by Gary Geld and directed by Philip Rose opened today, at the Billy Rose Theatre, where it ran for fourteen performances.

    1973(2ndof Tevet, 5734): Eighth Day of Chanukah

    1973: Bora Laskin completed her service as Pusine Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada and took office as the 14th Chief Justice of Canada

    1974: The Dear Abby Show ended its run on CBS radio after 11 years.  Dear Abby is the pen name for a Jewess from Iowa, who along with her sister became the twin queens of advice during the last half of the 20th century.

    1974: Human rights activist Sergei Kovalev was arrested today in the Soviet Union.

    1976: Malcom Toon left his post as U.S Ambassador to Israel.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported from Ismailia that the Begin-Sadat summit meeting made definite progress, despite the apparent Egyptian disappointment over the lack of an anticipated joint declaration of principles. While the US proposed a timely Israeli-Egyptian mediation, settlers at Ofra declared war on Begin's possible "occupied territories" concessions.

    1978(27thof Kislev, 5739): Third Day of Chanukah

    1978 (27thof Kislev, 5739): Seventy-seven year old Phil Meyers, chairman and founder of Standard Wine & Liquor Company of Woodside, Queens,” “the city's oldest licensed wholesale distributor of wines and spirits” and a leader “in the United Jewish Appeal and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies” who raised two daughters – Renee and Adrienne – with his wife Mae, passed away today.

    1979: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Knots Landing” a prime time television soap opera created by Baltimore native David Jacobs.

    1981(1stof Tevet, 5742): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1981(1stof Tevet, 5742): Eighty-two year old movie producer Edwin Knopf passed away today.

    1981: In this excerpt from his “Travel Advisory,” Robert J. Dunphy describes the “dig” at Bet Shean and provides historic perspective for what is being unearthed in modern day Israel.

    The trumpets sound as the gladiator enters the arena. The crowd roars and cries for blood as the man-eating beasts are unleashed and the contest is about to begin. The scene is easy to envision in Bet Shean, Israel, where a Roman amphitheater is being unearthed. Built around 200 A.D., the arena served as the site for gladiatorial combat, circuses and sports contests for more than two centuries. The first-century historian Josephus, whose writings also detailed the dramatic story of Masada, also in present-day Israel, mentioned the existence of several amphitheaters in the area but that in Bet Shean is the only one that has been found to date. The elliptical structure is 120 yards long and 73 yards wide. The arena floor was below ground level, and a high wall protected spectators from the wild animals in the gladiatorial contests. The three front rows of seats were hewn from white limestone and above them were wooden seats. The outer wall was made of black basalt. The dig is situated several hundred yards from a Roman theater, which for years has been one of Israel's most impressive tourist attractions. With the discovery of the amphitheater, the entire area will be converted into a giant antiquities park. Bet Shean, about two hours by car from Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, was the site of a Roman garrison and the principal city in the north of the country.

    1982(11thof Tevet, 5743): Ninety-six year old Bavarian born Elsa Haas, the daughter of Joseph Schülein and Ida Schülein and the wife of Dr. Alfred Hass with whom she had two children -- Charlotte 'Lotti' Schüller and Gerhard Julius Haas – passed a way today in New York City.

    1982: Frank Lautenberg was sworn in as a U.S Senator representing the state of New Jersey.

    1985: Abu Nida, the Palestinian terrorist organization, kill eighteen people during attacks inside the airports in Rome and Vienna. According to some, the attack was a fallback.  The terrorists had really wanted to hijack El Al planes and destroy them over Tel Aviv (this is 16 years before 9/11).

    1987:Three Palestinian guerrillas infiltrated a short distance into Israel from Jordan Friday night and were captured alive by Israeli troops after a shootout, the Israeli Army spokesman announced today. One of the guerrillas was wounded during the clash in a wheat field of an Israeli border settlement, but no Israeli soldiers or civilians were hurt, said the army spokesman, who released the account this afternoon.

    1987: ''Furniture Making in East London: 1830 to 1980 '' an exhibition which is part of a celebration of London’s East End’s Jewish heritage comes to a close at Geffrey Museum

    1988: Yossi Ahimeir, an aide to Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, said today that the Prime Minister may ask the United States and the Soviet Union to sponsor Middle East peace talks. Mr. Ahimeir said in a telephone interview that Mr. Shamir would make Moscow's renewal of diplomatic relations a condition of his proposal. The Soviet Union broke ties with Israel during the 1967 Middle East war.

    1989(29thof Kislev, 5750): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1990: The Israel Philharmonic played two Wagner overtures under the direction of Daniel Barnboim.

    1991(20th of Tevet, 5752): Seventy-two year old Eitan Livini, a member of the Irgun, member of the Knesset and father of Tzipi Livini passed away today.

    1991: U.S. premiere of the “Naked Lunch” directed by David Cronenberg who also wrote the script, filmed by cinematographer Peter Suschitzky with music by Howard Shore.

    1992(3rdof Tevet, 5753): 8th and final day of Chanukah

    1992:The standoff between Lebanon and Israel over the fate of 415 Palestinian deportees trapped in a snow-covered valley in southern Lebanon, continued today as both sides again rejected appeals to allow relief agencies to deliver food or medicine.

    1995(4th of Tevet, 5756):Shura Cherkassky passed away.  Born in the Ukraine in 1909, his family found refuge in the United States during the Russian Revolution.  The brilliant classical pianist performed almost until the end of his life.  

    1997: Final broadcast of “Hee Haw” a long running rural based comedy and music television program whose producers included Bernie Brillstein was broadcast for the last time today.

    1998: The New York Times Book Section includes a review of On Sunset Boulevard: The Life and Times of Billy Wilderby Ed Sikov which tells the story of how a Jew born in a town south of Kracow became one Hollywood’s leading writers and directors.

    1999(18th of Tevet, 5760):Leonard Goldstein passed away.  Born in 1905, he became President of ABC. He orchestrated the merger of his United Paramount Theatres with ABC in 1953 and he headed the merged company called American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres. The company was renamed American Broadcasting Companies in 1968. In 1974, Mr. Goldenson received The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York." The Leonard H. Goldenson Theater at the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences building in North Hollywood, California is named in his honor.

    1999: Belizean rapper Shyne who adopted the name Moses Michael Lev when converted to Judaism and his girl were involved in a shooting at a Manhattan club which left three people injured and found him facing criminal charges that resulted in his being sentenced to prison for ten years.

    2000: Release date for “Confusion of Genders” directed by Ilan Duran Cohen, the French born author who studied at the New York Film School

    2000: “Tamir Goodman of Towson University recorded 9 points, 5 assists and 4 rebounds in 34 minutes in the Tigers’ 73-71 loss to the Wolverines.”

    2002(22nd of Tevet, 5763):Terrorists broke into a dining hall at a yeshiva in Otneil, south of Hebron, and killed 4 students who were working in the yeshiva kitchen, and injured ten others. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

    2003: The musical version of “A Christmas Carol with lyrics and a book by Lynn Ahrens and music by Alan Menken was performed for the last time at the Paramount Theatre in Madison Square Garden.

    2004: A fire broke tonight in the “Commercial Block” of Cheyenne, Wyoming that began to consume the Idelman Building which had been built in 1884 by two brothers, Max and Abe Idelman” who used for their “wholesale liquor business.”

    2005: “A Wounded Poet Who Sang the Crucible of a Generation” published today provided a review of Max Egremont’s Signified Sassoon: A Life that tells the tale of son of father from the wealthy Sephardic Sassoon clan and a mother who raised her son as a member of the Church England.

    2005:  “Quantum Trickery: Testing Einstein’s Strangest Theory,” published today described the impact of the paper published seventy years ago by Einstein, Boris Podlosky and Nathan Rosen that provided the cornerstone for the new field of quantum information.

    2006: The exhibition of Jerusalem painter Maureen Fain at the Artura Studio in Jaffa comes to an end.

    2006: Heavy snow fell on Jerusalem forcing the Egged bus company to shut down its routes “citing dangerous road conditions.  Snow began falling on the Golan Heights in the early morning hours and by evening reach as far south as Mitzpe Ramon in the Negev.  Although it was technically too late, many Israelis began humming that old standard “I’m Dreaming of Chanukah Ch-e-vair.” (The last sentence is mean to be funny.)

    2006(6th of Tevet, 5767): One hundred two year old “Itche Goldberg, a champion of Yiddish who wrote and edited and taught his beloved language in the face of all those who said keeping Yiddish alive was a lost cause “ passed away today. (As reported by Ari Goldman)

    2007: In Anaheim, California, the USY International Convention comes to an end.

    2008: In a ritual rarity, three Torah scrolls are used because of Shabbat, Chanukah and Rosh Chodesh Tevet.  The Prophetic readings are equally unusual due to Shabbat Chanukah, Machor Chodesh and Rosh Chodesh.

    2008:Just days after the cabinet gave the military final approval to counter ongoing Palestinian rocket fire against communities in the western Negev; the IDF launched a massive operation, striking Hamas installations throughout the Gaza Strip today.

    2008:The publisher of a disputed Holocaust memoir has canceled the book, adding the name Herman Rosenblat to an increasingly long line of literary fakers and bringing down with a crash his story - embraced by Oprah Winfrey, among others - of meeting his future wife at a Nazi concentration camp

    2008 (30 Kislev 5769)Beber Vaknin, aged 57, was killed by missile in his hometown Netivot when he other literary and political figures, including those associated with her father’s generation, as well.

    2009(10th of Tevet, 5770: Fast of the Tenth of Tevet

    2009(10th of Tevet, 5770:  Yahrzeit of Judy Rosenstein (nee Levin)

    2009: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Footnotes in Gaza by Joe Sacci, Miami Babylon: Crime, Wealth, and Power — A Dispatch From the Beach by Gerald Posner and Koestler: The Literary and Political Odyssey of a Twentieth-Century Skeptic by Michael Scammell.

    2009: The Washington Postfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish authors including Goddess of the Market:Ayn Rand and the American Right by Jennifer Burns and Ayn Rand and the World She Made by Anne Heller

    2009:Transportation Minister Yisrael Katz is expected to deliver his recommendations to the Supreme Court about "mehadrin" bus lines - which designate separate seating for men and women - some residents of the capital plan to make their voices heard on the subject.

    2009: The Yerushalmim movement, along with members of the New Israel Fund and Meretz, is scheduled to lead a demonstration against the continued existence of the “hehadrin” bus lines.

    2009: The United Synagogue Youth (USY) International Convention opens in Chicago, IL.

    2009: In “Sigmund Freud saved by Nazi admirer,” published today Richard Woods reviews The Escape of Sigmund Freud by David Cohen. Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, was saved from Hitler’s persecution of the Jews by a long-standing Nazi who was fascinated with his work, a new book reveals. 

    2010: The USY International Convention is scheduled to open today in Orlando, FL.

    2010: Today marks the second anniversary of the beginning of Operation Cast Lead, the IDF’s operation in Gaza which was aimed at stopping the daily rocket attacks by Gaza-based terrorists towards southern Israel.

    2010: In King County (Seattle), twelve buses were scheduled to hit the streets carrying an ad reading “Israeli War Crimes: Your tax dollars at work” with an image of a group of children next to it, showing one little boy staring out at the viewer while the others gawk at a demolished building. The ads were paid for by the Seattle Mideast Awareness Campaign. The ads did not run because King County Executive Dow Constantine said that the proposed ads may be a potential source of disruption to local public transit and implemented an interim policy that bans the Seattle transit service from accepting any new advertising that is non-commercial.

    2010:Israeli activist Jonathan Pollak  was sentenced to three months in jail today for his part in a 2008 protest by Tel Aviv cyclists opposed to the blockade of Gaza.

    2010:Israeli archaeologists said today they may have found the earliest evidence yet for the existence of modern man, and if so, it could upset theories of the origin of humans. A Tel Aviv University team excavating a cave in central Israel said teeth found in the cave are about 400,000 years old and resemble those of other remains of modern man, known scientifically as Homo sapiens, found in Israel. The earliest Homo sapiens remains found until now are half as old.

    2010: “Disaster Relief Group Still Finding A Need” published in today’s Cedar Rapids Gazette described the efforts to help the needy residents of Cedar Rapids who were displaced by the Floods of 2008.  Jeff Schneider, a member of Temple Judah, has played a leading role in the effort which has “delivered 10 semi-trailer loads of furniture” to people who literally lost everything.  Jeff started Temple Judah Disaster Relief which after two years of work is now faced with meeting the challenge as sources of funding in the community have dried up.  While Jeff and three of the volunteers who inspired him – Tom Hill, Marie Hill and Rob Hill – continue to look for in-kind donations of old furniture, etc. they have not made any appeal for funds although volunteer contributions would be greatly appreciated. 

    2010: A two-day symposium on the history of the Jews in Indonesia being held at the University of Haifa came to an end to today. “The gathering included many firsthand accounts by former community members…who spoke about what it was like being part of a tiny Jewish minority in what is now the most populous Muslim country in the world.”

    2010(27thof Tevet, 5771): Ninety-three year old “Alfred E. Kahn, a Cornell University economist best known as the chief architect and promoter of deregulating the nation’s airlines, despite opposition from industry executives and unions alike” passed away today. (As reported by Robert D. Hershey, Jr.)

    2010(27thof Tevet, 5771): Joan Rodker, a longtime left-wing activist in Great Britain who had contact over decades with writers such as Doris Lessing, Jessica Mitford and others passed away today

    2011(1stof Tevet, 5772): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    2011(1stof Tevet, 5772): Eighty-three year old “Helen Frankenthaler the lyrically abstract painter whose technique of staining pigment into raw canvas helped shape an influential art movement in the mid-20th century and who became one of the most admired artists of her generation” passed away today. (As reported by Grace Glueck)

    2011: In “Honoring All Who Saved Jews” published today Eva Weisel described her Holocaust experience and the courage of Khaled Abdul Wahab, an Arab Muslim who was “rescuer.”

    2011: In Iowa City. Agudas Achim is scheduled to host its annual Chanukah party this evening.

    2011: The Sephardic Music Festival in NYC is scheduled to come to an end.

    2011: “Women Unchained” is scheduled to be shown at the Limmud Conference in London, UK

    2011:Today, President Shimon Peres called on Israelis to attend a demonstration against religious fanaticism, after two days of rioting by ultra-Orthodox extremists in Beit Shemesh.

    2011:Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Benny Gantz said today that the Israeli army will not excuse religious soldiers from official army events that feature female soldiers singing.

    2012: “Babylon Blues” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2012: The JCC in Manhattan is scheduled to host “Israeli Dance with Tamar.”

    2012:In a whirlwind of legal arguments, wrestling and threats to change the law to make it easier to disqualify Knesset candidates, the High Court of Justice heard Balad MK Haneen Zoabi’s petition to be reinstated for the current campaign.

    2012: In a fierce excoriation that brought Israel’s subterranean racial tension to the surface for the first time in this election season, Aryeh Deri of the ultra-Orthodox Shas party today lashed out at the Yisrael Beytenu party’s chief, Avigdor Liberman, claiming that he and his Likud-Yisrael Beytenu list were on a crusade against Sephardi politicians.

    2012:Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, who replaces the late Sen. Daniel Inouye, was sworn in by Vice President Joe Biden at 2:36pm ET. 

    2013: “Hunting Elephants” and “The Killing of Sister George” are scheduled to be shown today at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was released from hospital late tonight after being treated for sinus problems

    2013: Gaza's only power plant ground to a halt again today, only 12 days after being brought back online following a 7 week shutdown due to fuel shortages which officials blamed on the Israelis but which were really a result of Egyptians shutting down the tunnels through which fuel has been brought into the Hamas controlled territory.

    2014(5th of Tevet, 5775): Parashat Vayigash

    2014(5th of Tevet, 5775): Three days after his 89th birthday, American pianist Claude Frank passed away today. (As reported by Anthony Tommasini)

    2014(5th of Tevet, 5775): Ninety-one year old Chanoch (Hans) Seligman, a native of Chomutov, a town which had been part of the Sudentenland, and the son of Emil and Irma Seligman passed away today in Kefar Sava

    2014: The Jerusalem Opera is scheduled to perform “Figaro” by Mozart at Ashdod with the Ashdod Symphony conducted by Omeri Arieli.

    2014: “The Smurfs” and “The Chaos Within” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2014: “An apartment in a Jerusalem neighborhood was firebombed this evening, causing some damage to part of the home. The attack follows a firebombing that injured an 11 year old girl who was riding in a car with her father.

    2014: A Palestinian baby collapsed while crossing the border between the West Bank and Jordan, prompting the IDF to send a helicopter to evacuate the child to a Jerusalem hospital, effectively saving his life.” (As reported by Itay Blumentahl)

    2015(15th of Tevet, 5776): Ninety-three year old Oscar winning cinematographer Haskell Wexler passed away today. (As reported by John Anderson)

    2015: The New York Times features books by Jewish authors or of special interest to Jewish readers including Emblems of the Passing World: Poems After Photographs By August Sander by Adam Kirschand the recently released paperback publication of Better Than Before: What I Learned About Making and Breaking Habits — to Sleep More, Quit Sugar, Procrastinate Less, and Generally Build a Happier Lifeby Gretchen Rubin.

    2015: “Orchestra of Exiles” a documentary about Polish violinist Bronislaw Humberman “whose extraordinary efforts saved hundreds of Jews from the approaching Holocaust” is scheduled to be shown at the Yiddish Book Center in Amherst, MA.

    2015: Israeli artist “one of the pioneers of middle eastern music in the Arabic and Turkish genres” is scheduled to perform at BB King Blues Club.

    2015(14th of Tevet, 5776): Yahrzeit of Pinchas Rutenberg founder of the Israel Electric Corporation.

    2016(27th of Kislev, 5777): Third Day of Chanukah

    2016(27th of Kislev, 5777): Ninety-two year old “Joel Sollender a World War II POW who appeared in television ads for Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign” passed away today.

    2016: The funeral for Libby Bucksbaum, the wife of Arnold Bucksbaum, is scheduled to take place in Cedar Rapids, IA, followed by burial at Eben Israel Cemetery.

    2016: “Chanukah at the Riverwalk” the biggest community event sponsored by Chabad Lubavitch of Louisiana is scheduled to take place this evening including lighting  of the region’s largest Chanukiah built by Isak Borenstein of blessed memory. (For more see the Crescent Jewish News, the leading source of Jewish news in the Crescent City and along the Bayous of the Gulf Coast)

    2016: At a “Vodka and Latkes Party” YNY is scheduled to  “present the Ternovka Ensemble, a new collaboration between renowned Yiddish singer Zhenya Lopatnik (who recently relocated to New York from Kharkiv, Ukraine) and tsimblist (hammered dulcimer) player Pete Rushefsky.”

    2016:  Its official – This Day in Jewish History is one of the “Top Jewish Blogs and Websites on the Web” as chosen by Feedspot Blog Reader for 2016

    2017: Today, “The Jewish Music Research Centre joined with the National Sound Archive of the National Library of Israel in celebrating the life of Dr. Tzipora H. Jochsberger, the pioneering German-Israeli musicologist who passed away at the age of 96 in October.”

    2017: Mona’s is scheduled to host a “Late-Night Kelzmer Jam Session” as part of Yiddish New York.

    2017: Yiddish New York is scheduled to host “an evening of song and music to celebrate the legacy of late, visionary singer-scholar, Adrienne Cooper.”

    2017(9thof Tevet, 5778): According to Tradition, ninth of Tevet is the Yahrzeit of Ezra.

    2017: “A year-end report” conducted by the Taub Center which was “released today found that the cost of living in Israel is among the highest of developed nations.”

    2018: Award winning concert pianist Eliah Zabaly is scheduled to perform this evening in “Mal’ha, Jerusalem” this evening.

    2018: Yiddish New York is scheduled to host a series of lectures and teen and youth programs culminating in “the final student concert” this afternoon.

    2018: “The Squirrel Hill JCC Kaufman Dance Studio” is scheduled to an evening of Israeli dancing this evening.

    2018: In an example of “tikkun olam” in Memphis, TN, members of the Sisterhood of Temple Israel are scheduled to gather this afternoon to “knit bears for children infected/affected with HIV/AIDS in emerging nations.”



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    December 28

    1235: A ritual murder massacre at Fulda resulted in the death of 32 Jews. The Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire established an investigation at Hagenau (located in modern Alsac) to confirm or disprove the charges. After hearing various experts he declared that since Jews are prohibited from eating animal blood, they would surely be banned from using human blood. He forbade anyone from accusing Jews of this charge. Who would have expected such logical conclusion from this particular source?  Of course logic does not trump anti-Semitism and the blood libel continues to this day.

    1703: Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan passed away.  During his reign, the Turks conquered Belgrade and the Jews returned to the city.  Mustafa continue the practice of his predecessors and employed Jews a court physicians including Doctor Tobias Cohen and Doctor Israel Koenigland

    1753(3rd of Tevet, 5514): Eighth Day of Chanukah

    1757(17th of Tevet, 5518): Moses Ben Aaron also known as Moses Lwow who was embroiled in controversy between Frederick William I and the elders of the Berlin Jewish community and who later successfully served  chief rabbi of Frankfort-on-the-Oder passed away today while serving as “Landesrabbiner" of Moravia

    1788: In Prague, Israel Landau and Serel Duschenes gave birth to printer, publisher, and lexicographer Moses Israel Landau, the husband of Rivka Landau and the grandson of Ezekiel Landau.

    1791(2nd of Tevet, 5552): 8th day of Chanukah

    1800(12th of Tevet, 5561): Aaron Philip Hart, considered to be “the father of Canadian Jewry” passed away.

    1802: In Strasbourg, Alsace, France Adelaide Cerfbeer and Auguste Ratisbonne gave birth to Théodor Ratisbonne  a member of a prominent Jewish banking family who was baptize in 1826, ordained in 1830 and who founded the Congregation of Our Lady of Sion.

    1811: Civil rights were extended to Jews in Frankfurt, one of the most venerable Jewish communities in Europe. The change was initiated by a number of distinguished Jews including Meyer Anschel Rothschild; the result was that the New Duchy of Frankfort passed a law granting Jews "Civic rights and privileges equally with other citizens." The signing only took place after Rothschild and his co-religionist agreed to pay 400,000fl to the French official making the decision.

    1815: Mordecai ben Samuel Nathan married Zischa bat Moshe Israel at the Western Synagogue.

    1825: Birthdate of Jindřich Opper, the native of Boheima who gained fame as Henri Blowitz, the naturalized Frenchman who became a journalist and diplomat who covered the Franco-Prussian War and the Congress of Berlin

    1828: Birthdate of Joseph (Josef) Ritter von Weilin the native of Tetin who became a note Viennese dramatist and historian.

    1828: Having passed away on Shabbat, Myer Hayman was buried today at the Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1831: In Württemberg, Germany, Bernard Frankfurter, the son of Moses Levi Frankfurter and Mirjam Landauer and his wife, Esther Frank, gave birth to Nannett Frankfurter

    1833: Joseph Moses Levy, the chief proprietor of the Sunday Times and his wife Esther (née Cohen) gave birth to Edward Levy-Lawson Burnham who was put in charge of the Daily Telegraph which was deliberately priced at one penny, making it the cheapest and the largest circulated paper in Britain, surpassing the Times. 

    1836: South Australia and Adelaide are founded.  Jews were among the earliest settlers.   Among them may have been Solomon Emanuel who would become a successful merchant was convicted of house-breaking in 1817 and sentenced to “seven years of transportation” and his brother Vaiben who had been convicted of larceny at the same time.

    1842: Samuel Solomon married Rosetta Hart today at Canterbury, Kent.

    1843: In Vienne, Moritz Moses Jacob von Goldschmidt and Anna Netti von Goldschmidt gave birth Salomon Goldschmidt.

    1845: Three days after he had passed away, David Hart was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1846: Iowa enters the Union as the 29th state. “Iowa was reported to have suffered an ‘invasion’ of Jewish peddlers; about a hundred of them arrived in the first decade after statehood.  The peddlers who hailed from Eastern Europe had one center, those from German another.  The first congregation arose in 1855 in Keokuk which the ‘Eastern European’ center.” Iowa’s two most famous Jews were born in Sioux City and are known to the world as Dear Abbey and Ann Landers. Until 2008, Iowa was home to the largest kosher slaughtering operation in the United States. 

    1851: In New York August Belmont, who was Jewish and Caroline Sllidell gave birth to U.S. diplomat and politician Perry Belmont. Belmont led the life a privileged, well-connected gentile.

    1852: Henry FitzRoy, the son-in-law of Nathan Mayer Rothschild, became Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department.

    1856: Birthdate of Thomas Woodrow Wilson.  To the world, Wilson is famous for the New Freedom, his leadership of America during World War I and the Fourteen Points.  For Jews, his greatest claim to fame was naming Louis Brandeis as a Supreme Court Justice. Wilson was also the first President to publicly endorse a national Jewish philanthropic campaign. In a letter to Jacob Schiff, on November 22, 1917, Wilson called for wide support of the United Jewish Relief Campaign which was raising funds for European War relief.

    1859: Fifty-nine year old British historian, MP and Cabinet Minister Thomas Babington Macaulay who in 1830 “spoke in favor of Robert Grant’s bill for the Removal of Jewish Disabilities” passed away today.

    1859: In the United Kingdom Edward Ludwig Goetz and the former Angelina Levy gave birth to their first child, Lucy Esther Goetz who would not live to see her second birthday.

    1859: Today, Congregation Beth El which had been “organized as an orthodox synagogue in 1854” which makes “the oldest Jewish house of worship” in the Lone Star State, “obtained a charter for the Hebrew Congregation” which had 22 members from the City of Houston.

    1860: The Jewish Messenger published an editorial by Samuel Mayer Isaacs supporting the Union.  “The Union...has been the source of happiness for our ancestors and ourselves. Under the protection of the freedom guaranteed us by the Constitution, we have lived in the enjoyment of full and perfect equality with our fellow citizens. We are enabled to worship the Supreme Being according to the dictates of conscience; we can maintain the position to which our abilities entitle us, without our religious opinions being an impediment to advancement. This Republic was the first to recognize our claims to absolute equality, with men of whatever religious denomination. Here we can sit 'each under his vine and fig tree, with none to make him afraid.'”

    1862: Cesar J. Kaskel received an order from Captain and Provost Marshall L.J. Waddell informing him that “in pursuance of General Order No. 11…you are hereby ordered to leave the city of Paducah, Kentucky, within twenty-four hours after receiving this order.”  (As described by Jonathan Sarna)

    1863: In Germany, Benjamin Jaffa and his wife gave birth to Nathan Jaffa who in 1878 came to the United States where he eventually settled in what is now the state of New Mexico where, among other things he served as a regent of the University of New Mexico and Mayor of Santa Fe while raising a son, Benjamin with his wife Esther.

    1862: In Bokshsa, Poland, “Ephraim Rosenfeld and Rachel Wilchinsky” gave birth to “Moshe Jacob Alter” later known as Morris Rosenfeld, the sweat shop tailor and diamond cutter turned journalist who became editor of the Jewish World and a delegate to several Zionist Congresses and raised a family with his wife Bella Guttenberg.

    1864(29thof Kislev, 5625): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1864: In Taurogen, Russia, Isaac Epstein and his wife gave birth to Jacob Epstein the husband of Lena Weinberg who was the “founder and proprietor of the Baltimore Bargain House” as well as the Director of the Hebrew Benevolent Society and the Hebrew Friendly Inn and Aged Home.

    1864: In San Francisco, Hannah Marks and Gershom Siexas Solomons gave birth to Lucius L. Solomons the California lawyer who married Helen Frank, served as President of the San Francisco World’s Fair Association and held several positions of Jewish communal leadership including grand president, District No. 4, Independent Order of B’nai B’rith.

    1865(10thof Tevet, 5628): Asara B’Tevet observed for the first time during the President of Andrew Johnson.

    1870: Birthdate of Abraham Ber Goldenson, the native of Lithuania who “served the Nusach Hari shul, St. Louis, Missouri as their head rabbi for over 13 years from 1918 to 1931.”

    1873: It was reported today that Anshe Chesed, one of New York’s oldest and most traditional congregations is merging with Temple Adath Jeshrurn, one of the city’s leading Reform congregation. Anshe Chesed is commonly known as the Norfolk Street Congregation.

    1875(30th of Kislev, 5636): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah

    1878(2nd of Tevet, 5639): 8th & final day of Chanukah

    1879: William Waddington, who had provided Laurence Oliphant with a letter addressed to the Sultan expressing support for Oliphant’s plan for large-scale settlement of Jews in Palestine which would improve the economy of the Ottoman Empire, completed his term as the 42nd Prime Minister of France.

    1881: In Rochester, NY, founding of the Eureka Club whose members included Joseph Michaels, Charles L. Blum, Herman C. Cohn and Charles L. Blum.

    1882: Eighty-two year old German orientalist and student of Semitic languages and who in 1861 authored a textbook of the Hebrew language ("Lehrbuch der hebräischen Sprache") passed away today.

    1883: Birthdate of Lithuanian Israel Isidor Mattuck who was ordained at Hebrew Union College before moving to Great Britain where served as the rabbi of the Liberal Jewish Synagogue in London for 35 years.

    1884: “Louis Kossuth Living” published today dispelled the recent rumors of his death while describing the accomplishments of his life.

    1884: Three days after he had passed away, 65 year old Michael Nathan, the husband of Sarah Green and the father of Simon Nathan, was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1885: Fifty-four year old Jules Glaser, a leading Austrian jurist and statesman passed away today. Glaser had converted from Judaism to Christianity because the attitude of his countrymen made it very difficult to advance professionally and because the government would not hire him because he was Jewish.

    1885: It was reported today that there were 80,000 Jews living in New York City; another 20,000 living in Brooklyn; and no more than 15,000 living in Philadelphia.  At the same time, there are approximately two million Jews living in Russia.

    1885: “The Proposed Jewish College” published today described the decision of Philadelphia’s Rabbi Sabato Morais “to visit the rabbis and influential Jews in New York and Brooklyn” to discuss the need to establish a college “to offset the liberal tendencies of the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati.”

    1885: Based on information that first appeared in The Argonaut, it was reported today that Benjamin Disraeli and his wife attended a dinner where Mrs. Disraeli sat next to Bernal Osborne.  When the men were alone after dinner, Osborn said to Disraeli, “Good God!  What possessed you to marry that woman?”  After a lengthy pause Disraeli replied, “Partly, Osborne, for reason which you are incapable of understanding – gratitude!” (Like Disraeli, Osborne was a Sephardic Jew and English poltician who had converted to Christianity.)

    1885: “The Source of Republican Ideas” published today provided a lengthy review of The Origin of Republican Form of Government in the United States of America by Oscar Straus, the leading Jewish businessman who was active in the Republican Party.

    1887: The Brooklyn Board of Estimates met today and awarded funds to a variety of public charities including $111.68 to the Hebrew Benevolent Asylum and $78.80 to the Hebrew Benevolent Association

    1888: Pianist Moriz Rosenthal is scheduled to perform this afternoon at the Academy of Music.

    1888: “To His Hebrew Brethren” published today provided Elliott F. Shepard’s description of Palestine which he had visited in 1885.  The climax of the trip came when his party visited Jerusalem a city of 210 ten acres surrounded by walls that were 32 feet high. It seemed odd that a city that was now “the size of a New Hampshire farm” had once been allegedly home to 2,300,000 souls. (Where Shepard found that figure is not disclosed in his discourse.)

    1888: It was reported today that the Industrial School at 177 East Broadway is an institution supported by the Jews of New York City that currently provides different kinds of manual training to anywhere from 130 to 150 girls so that they may “support themselves.”

    1889(5th of Tevet, 5650): Seventy year old Jacob Lagowitz passed away today in New York City.  Born at Frankfort in 1819, he came to the United in 1849 and started a company that manufactured trunks and luggage. He was a Director of the First National Bank of Newark and leaves behind a widow and seven daughters.

    1890: In New York City, “Abraham S. and Fannie (Charness) gave birth to John Marshall Law School trained attorney who practiced law in Chicago and was so active in the city’s Jewish affairs that he received the Julius Rosenwald Memorial Award in 1970.

    1890: “Coroner Ferdinand Levy” is scheduled to “deliver a lecture this evening before the Russian-American Hebrew Association at Harris’s Assembly Rooms on East Broadway” entitled “The Jew as a Citizen.”

    1891(27th of Kislev, 5652): Third Day of Chanukah

    1891: Among the charities that received a portion of the “$75,000 in excise moneys” allocated by the Brooklyn Board of Estimates today were Hebrew Benevolent Society of Brooklyn, $97.22: Hebrew Benevolent Association, $65.20; Hebrew Orphan Asylum Society, $390.

    1892: At 3 p.m. Rabbi Leopold Winter began the ceremonies dedicating the Brooklyn Orphan Asylum’s new facility with a prayer followed by a song performed by the orphans. Among the speakers will Dr. Edward McGlynn.

    1892: In Plotsk, Wolf Krotoshinsky and his wife gave birth to Abraham Krotoshinsky who earned a Distinguished Service Cross for his service in World War I where he was a member of the 77th division and part of the so-called Lost Battalion.

    1892: Birthdate of New York native and NYU trained CPA Louis Weinstein who was active with the YMHA.

    1893(19th of Tevet, 5654): Seventy-two year old Adolf Jellinik, the husband of Rosalie Bettelheim who had died the year before and who had served as the rabbi in Leipzig before assuming a similar position at the Leopoldstädter Tempel in Vienna passed away today.

    1893:The second annual meeting American Jewish Historical Society comes to a close.  The two day event was held at the Columbia College Library Building in New York City. Among the papers presented today was “The Family History of the Rev. David Machado” in which Taylor Phillips “traced the family back to the time of the Inquisition, when of the members of the family who was the physician at the Court of Portugal was imprisoned by the Inquisitors for professing the Jewish faith” for which he was ultimately burned at the stake.

    1894: In Vienna, Rosa Volk, the daughter of Leopold and Sofie Sara Pick and her husbnd Alexander Volk gave birth to Margarite Volk.

    1894: Three days after she had passed away, 71 year old Maria (Jacobs) Freedman, the wife of Abraham Freedman and the mother of Emanuel and Israel Freedman was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1894: Sixty-three year old James Graham Fair on of the Comstock Lode “silver kings” and United States Senator from Nevada passed away today in San Francisco leaving behind numerous bequests including “$25,000 to the Hebrew asylums in that city.”

    1894: Two days after she had passed away, 60 year old Hannah Abrahams, “the widow of Yitzhak Meir Abrahams,” was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1895: As of today 14 of the 23 Jews who died in Baltimore at the fire the Front Street Theatre where Schongold and Tansman production of the Jewish opera “Alexander” was being performed including 50 year old Louis Amolsky, ten year old Louis Cohen, 14 year old Ida Friedman, seven year old Theresa Goldstein and her 4 year old brother, forty year old Mr. Levenstein, 20 year old Lena Lewis, 15 year old Sarah Rosen, 25 year old Jacob Rosenthal (a tailor),  12 year old boy only identified as Salzberg, 16 year old Sarah Siegel, 14 year old Ida Silberman, a tailor simply identified as Wolf and 21 year old Jennie Hinkle who was trampled death.

    1897: The Relief Committee of the Board of Guardians is schooled to meet today at 3 3:30 p.m. in London.

    1898: Birthdate of Joseph Ginsburg, the native of Kharkov who was the father of French multi-talented artist Serge Gainsbourg.

    1898: Birthdate of Bialystok native Mischa Spoliansky, the son of an opera singer,  whose career eventually led him to Great Britain where he pursued a career as a composer for several major motion pictures.

    1899: Herzl met with Oscar Straus, the American ambassador to Constantinople

    1899: Birthdate of Jack I Poses, the native of Russia who came to the United States in 1911 where he graduated from NYU and founded the Parfums D’Orsay Company.

    1900: Sixty-five year old Yale University trained Congregational pastor turned author and Cornell University professor of American history and “corresponding member” of the American Jewish Historical Society passed away today.

    1901: At the Fifth Zionist Congress in Basil, Max Nordau delivers a speech in which he called upon the Jewish people to “build a social structure of their own and to learn to know themselves sufficiently to think out their own future.”  He lamented the fact that wealthy Jews too often turned their back on their less fortunate co-religionists and called upon these “millionaires” to support the causes of the Jewish people.

    1902:  In New York City, Ignatz Adler, “a jewelry salesman” and his wife Clarissa, “a former school teacher gave birth philosopher, author and teacher Mortimer J Adler whose accomplishments included helping in the creation of “The Great Books of the Western World” program who converted to Catholicism before his death.

    1902: In Bucharest, Ecaterina Gaster Revici and Tulius Revici gave birth Melania Iancu

    1905: Baron Michelham (verbally Lord) /mɪtʃ.ləm/, of Hellingly in the County of Sussex, a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom created today for the banker, businessman and philanthropist Sir Herbert Stern, 1st Baronet who was head of the firm Herbert Stern & Co

    1905: “At a meeting of the National Committee for the Relief of Sufferers by Russian Massacre held” today” at Temple Emanu-El - the first such meeting since it was decided to collect a fund of $2,000,000 – Treasurer Jacob H. Schiff read a communication from the Foreign Relief Committee made up of delegates from London and Berlin” saying that it was impossible for them so visit “all the disturbed centers in Russia” on account of the conditions in that strife-torn country.

    1905: Henry B. Greenthal, a manufacturer of clothing at 7 Lafayette Place in New York hosted a dinner tonight at Pacific Hall tonight, the anniversary of his birth, for 375 employees and friends including his colleague Isaac Rubenstein who has worked with him for 25 years.

    1906: Birthdate of Ann Rosenblatt, the native of Omaha, Nebraska who gained fame composer and lyricist Ann Ronell “best known for the jazz standard ‘Willow Weep for Me.’”

    1906: Seventy nine year old Solomon Buber who combined life of mercantile pursuits with a devotion to Jewish scholarship that included “fifty years of bringing to life the hidden treasures of Israel’s literature” with a special emphasis on “the careful editing of Midrashic literature” passed away today in his native Lemberg.

    1906: The Independent Workmen’s Circle of America, Inc. with offices in Boston, MA, was organized today.

    1906: Seventy-three year old Amsterdam native “Isaac Mozes Pereira Mendoza”, the husband of Sara Isaac Monis with whom he had had eight children was buried today,

    1907: Birthdate of Ze’ev Woolf Goldman the native of Galicia who gained fame as Israeli linguist and president of The Academy of the Hebrew Language Ze’ev Ben’Haim

    1908: It was reported today that the Grand Duchy of Finland is taking part in of it “periodic expulsions of Hebrews.” Under Finnish law, Jews are denied the rights of citizenship including the right buy and own land and are only “permitted to reside in Finland under close restrictions.” The Finnish legislature has refused to consider a measure that would abolish “Jewish disabilities.”

    1908: It was reported today that a bill has been introduced in the Finnish Legislature that contains a clause forbidding the method used by Jews for slaughtering kosher meat.

    1909(16thof Tevet, 5670): Jankel Kaplan passed away today.

    1911:  Birthdate of Sam Levenson who parlayed his experiences as a teacher in New York into a career as a humorist and television star during the 1950’s.

    1911: Birthdate of Felicja Blumental. Born in Warsaw, this Polish-born Brazilian pianist would be known for her performances of 19th-century rarities and music by contemporary composers

    1912: The National Council of Young Israel convened for the first time.  The Council was originally created to combat the wave of assimilation by providing a palatable synagogue experience that was user friendly to newly arrived immigrants and their subsequent generations. 

    1912: Birthdate of William “Willie” Rubenstein “a guard from the Bronx, who was a three-year star for New York University (NYU) in the mid-1930s when the Violets were one of the best teams in the country.”

    1913: In Toronto, Joseph and Fay Jacobivitch gave birth to Louis Harold Jacobovitch the Canadian actor who gained fame as Lou Jacobi.

    1914: Dr. Simon Baruch, the father of Bernard Baruch spoke at tonight’s meeting of the Association of American Women of German Descent at the Hotel McAlpin “where he predicted ultimate friendly relations among those engaged in the present war.”

    1914: “Lesson From Frank Case” published today provides a summary of Dr. William Rosenau’s speech “America” The Land of Milk and Honey” where he said that “America has meant the emancipation of the Jew” but that “occasionally there is an outbreak showing there is still feeling against the Hebrew” of which “the Leo M. Frank trial in Atlanta is an example.”

    1914: “A Study in Scarlet” a silent movie version of the novel of the same name produced by G.B. Samuelson was released in the United Kingdom today.

    1914: “Justice Lamar of the Supreme Court of the United States granted Leo M. Frank, under the sentence of death in Atlanta, an appeal for a writ of habeas corpus to the Supreme Court the immediate effect of” which “will be to stay Frank’s execution which had been set for January 22.”

    1914: “The Young Men’s Hebrew Association’s campaign to raise $85,000 for a building in the Bronx is scheduled to end today with a luncheon at noon today at the Union Square Hotel.”

    1915(21st of Tevet, 5676): Rabbi Mordecai Feinberg passed away today in Philadelphia.

    1915: According to announcement made today at a campaign luncheon at the Union Square Hotel, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association raised $35,000 in the last two weeks during its campaign to raise funds for a “new clubhouse in the Bronx.”

    1915: The list of newly elected officers of the National Association of Young Judea published today included: President, Isaac Rosengarten; Vice President, Rabbi Louis J. Hass of Woodbine, NJ; Treasurer, Isadore Blum and Secretary, Leon Spitz.

    1915 Isaac Levy, the lawyer for Theresa Samuels who has been writing “poison pen” letter to young married women was informed by the psychiatrist  who said she “was suffering from a form of insanity” that her “complaint will probably yield to treatment.

    1915: As of today it was reported that the American Jewish Relief Committee for Jews suffering from the war has received more than $600,000 since the rally at Carnegie Hall including $50 from the Right Rev. David H. Greer, Protestant Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of New York.

    1915: “The Women of the Hour Committee” whose members “have volunteered to give at least an hour a week” of raising funds to aid the suffering Jews of war-torn Europe “launched its ‘heavy work’” today “with each woman being furnished a list of ten possible contributors from whom she was to solicit money.”

    1915: A New York butcher Ignatz Weiss was charged with violating a law that went into effect last September that required that meat sold as kosher must bear the imprint of the supervising rabbi officiating at the slaughter house that provided the meat. Bail was set at $100.00

    1916: A meeting is scheduled to take place as part of the attempt to settle the dispute between Kosher Packing Houses and the Retail Kosher Butchers Federation during which an additional attempt will be made to reassure that charging them 15 cents a pound for kosher beef is justified. The 15 cents is 3 cents less than the price charged when the federation announced their refusal to make any purchases at that price, but some may feel that even that is too much.

    1916(3rdof Tevet, 5677): Sixty-nine year old University of Virginia graduate Moses R. Walter, a “prominent Maryland lawyer, former President of the Baltimore Bar Association and “an active member of the American Jewish Relief Committee for Baltimore which raised funds for the relief of the Jews of Europe who suffered as a result of the war” passed away today.

    1916: The order disbanding the Zion Mule Corps was issued today.

    1916: At a luncheon held at New York’s Union Square Hotel, it was announced that the Young Men’s Hebrew Association had raised $35,000 in the last two weeks. The funds are part of the $85,000 that are needed to build a new clubhouse in the Bronx. The money came from 2,500 contributors, most of whom gave $10 or less. Only twelve contributions were larger than $100.

    1917: Rabbi Samuel Colombo sent a cablegram to Dr. Hertz, the chief rabbi of the British Empire expressing “on behalf of the Federation of Italian Rabbis, joy and felicitations on the capture of Jerusalem and thanking the British Government for” the Balfour Declaration.

    1917:“Having beaten back the Turkish attempt to recapture Jerusalem, Allenby ordered his men to advance to make the perimeters of the city secure.”

    1917: According to a cablegram which had been sent to the Jewish Daily Forward by its correspondent in Petrograd which was published today, the Bolshevik “Government has appropriated 2,000,000 rubles for the purpose of propagating a world-wide revolution” and “250 military detachments have been formed to combat the anti-Jewish outbreak throughout the country.”

    1917: “In an interview with a representative of the Jewish press” the Polish Prime Minister “states that he is not an anti-Semite” and “that by mutual understanding Jews in Poland will receive equal rights’ as can be seen by the fact that the Home Secretary “would accord the same rights and privileges to the Jewish press as are accorded to the Polish Press.

    1917: At today’s “meeting of the quinquennial convention of the Intercollegiate Menorah Association which” is being held at Columbia University, “Chancellor Henry Hurwitz read a letter from Israel Zangwill in which the writer criticized the failures of those who believed that Judaism is a world mission to be presented through their religion as to their failure to universalize their religious teachings and observed that the Jewish religion in England ‘is kept alive only by Christian prejudice and a Jewish superstition.’”

    1918: Based on dispatches from Paris today American delegates to the Peace Conference have given a great deal of consideration to the question of intervening in Russia where Jews are the victims of both sides of the fighting, but they have not reached any decision.

    1918: Bavarian born Texas merchant Alexander Sanger assumed the Presidency of Sanger Brothers in Dallas where he had already helped to form the first Jewish congregation in Dallas.

    1919:”A meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Conference of Jewish Social Service” is scheduled to meet at 10 A.M. at the Hotel Astor in New York Astor.

    1919: Today, Abraham Nathan, the son of Sarah Costa and Henry Nathan and the husband of Katherine Lyons was buried at the “East Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1920: Birthdate of Fatima Kuinova a Bukharan Jewish Shashmakom singer who was named "Merited Artist of the Soviet Union" who settled in Rego Park in 1980 “where she founded and was the lead vocalist for the Shashmaqom Music of the Bukharan Jews Ensemble.”

    1921:Orphans of the Storm,” a silent film sent in the French Revolution, starring Joseph Schildkraut as “Chevalier de Vaudrey” was released in the United States today.

    1922: In a New York City apartment, Celia (née Solomon) and Jack Lieber gave birth to Stanley Martin Leiber who gained fame as Stan Lee creator of The Hulk and Spiderman.

    1922: In New York City, Romanian-born Jewish immigrant parents, Celia (née Solomon) and Jack Lieber, gave birth to Stanley Martin Lieber, known as Stan Lee, the creator of the cartoon figures “The Hulk” and “Spiderman.”

    1923: Broadway premiere of Shaw’s “St. Joan” in which Michael Stuhlberg would play the “the Dauphin, Charles VII” in the 1993 revival at the Lyceum Theatre.

    1923: In Suwalki, Poland, Owseij Chasyd and his wife gave birth to Józef Chasyd) who gained fame as violinist Josef Hassid.

    1924(1st of Tevet, 5685): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1924: U.S. premiere of “So Big” the “silent film based on Edna Ferber’s novel of the same name.”

    1925 George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Tip-Toes" premieres in New York, NY

    1927: The New York Times describes the importance and significance of the gift of $2,000,000 recently made by John D. Rockefeller Jr. for the building of a museum in Jerusalem.

    1927:  George Kaufman”s "Royal Family" which when it opened at the Maplewood Theatre in 1940 found Edna Ferber among the cast, premiered in New York today

    1927: In Boston, world premiere of Alexander Tansman’s Second Concerto for piano and orchestra

    1928: Birthdate of Canadian jazz musician and composer Moe Koffman.

    1928: Featherweight Harry Blitman fought is 69th bout today which he won by a TKO.

    1929: Birthdate of Albert Edmund Wolf.

    1929: According to Joseph M. Levy a reporter for the New York Times, Americans have replaced Englishmen as the greatest travelers visiting Palestine, particularly Jerusalem.  In a change from pre-World War I days, “it is estimated that seven out of every ten visitors to Palestine are from the United States.”

    1932: In Hamburg, Helene and Hildebrand Gurlitt gave birth to art collection Cornelius Gurlitt.

    1932: “The Animal Kingdom” a film version of the stage play of the same name, produced by David Selznick, starring Leslie Howard and with music by Max Steiner was released in the United States by RKO.

    1932: Hildebrand Gurlitt and his wife gave birth to German art collector Conrelius Gurlitt whose family was labeled “a quarter-Jew under the Nazi race law” because his great-grandmother was Jewish.

    1933(10thof Tevet, 5694): Asara B’Tevet

    1933: In a case of Jew replaces Jew today “Lazarus Joseph was elected, to the New York State Senate (21st D.) to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Henry G. Schackno

    1934: “The Little Minister” a movie version of the novel and play of the same name, produced by Pandro S. Berman and with music by Max Steiner was released in the United States today.

    1934: Birthdate of Brooklyn native Herbert George “Herb” Garnder, the creator of the comic “The Nebbishes” and scriptwriter whose most famous work may have been “A Thousand Clowns.”

    1934: “Kid Millions” a comedy produced by Samuel Goldwyn and starring Eddie Cantor was released today in the United States today.

    1935: U.S. premiere of “Captain Blood” a swashbuckler directed by Michael Curtiz with music by Erich Wolfgange Korngold.

    1936: “At a time when highway robberies, brigandage and murder have again become the chief topic of news in the Palestine press and anarchy one more threatens the peace of the Holy Land,” the Vaad Leumi (the governing body for the Jewish community in Palestine) submitted evidence at today’s meeting of the Royal or Peel Commission that “the recent disturbances proved how unstable the state of public security is even in normal times and particularly how unprepared the country in in emergencies.”

    1936: In Washington, DC, the delegates to final session of the annual convention Junior Hadassah adopted resolutions “urging the British Royal Commission to make recommendation that will facilitate constructive building for all sections of the population” and creating a $1,000 scholarship in honor of Miss Alice Seligsberg, of New York, one of the first members of Hadassah who for several years served as an advisor to Junior Hadassah.

    1938: Birthdate of Yehoram Gaon “an Israeli singer and actor” a Sephardic Jew from Jerusalem

    1938: As Leon Trotsky prepared to depart for Norway, one of the countries that had offered him refuge from the murderous wrath of Stalin, Trotsky writes in his diary, “Stalin wishes to strike not at the ideas of his opponent, but at his skull, at his very life force” Ironically, when Stalin’s assassin killed Trotsky he accomplished the deed by driving an ax into Trotsky’s brain.

    1939: In the Beit Hakerem section of Jerusalem, Moshe-David Gaon a well-known historian born at Sarajevo in 139 and Sara Hakim gave birth to Yehoram “Yoram” Gaon, an Israeli singer, actor, director, producer, television and radio personality who has also written and edited books on Israeli culture.

    1940: In Chile, Erick Kreutzberger and Anna Blumenfeld Neufeld, gave birth to Mario Luis Kreutzberger Blumenfeld, the Chilean television personality known as Don Francisco.

    1941:Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš, the two men designated to carry out Operation Anthropoid (the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich) were airlifted by a Royal Air Force Halifax of No. 138 Squadron into Czechoslovakia at 22:00

    1941: The Nazis sanctioned performances known as Kameradschaftsabende (evenings of fellowship) in Terezín, reasoning that the prisoners would cause less trouble.

    1942: In Augusta, GA, Leonard Scheinman a doctor from Brooklyn serving in the U.S. Army and the former Sera Mani, a Hebrew School teacher gave birth to Victor David Scheinman “who overcame his boyhood nightmares about a science-fiction movie humanoid to build the first successful electrically powered, computer-controlled industrial robot.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

    1942: In the Warsaw Ghetto, as part of the work of the Oyneg Shabes group, Rokhl Auerbach began interviewing “Abraham Krzepicki, an escapee from the Treblinka extermination camp.” (Editor’s Note: For more on this see Who Will Write Our History)

    1942(20th of Tevet, 5703): Two Jews are shot for mutiny at the Stalowa Wola, (Poland) slave-labor camp.

    1942(20th of Tevet, 5703): Danzig native Alfred Flatow, the gymnast who helped Germany win Gold Medals at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens died today at Theresienstadt.

    1942: Dr. Carl Clauberg begins his sterilization experiments on women prisoners at Auschwitz.

    1943: “What A Woman” a romantic comedy that marked the film debut of Shelly winters was released in the United States today.

    1943: Reports out of Ankara, Turkey say the Germans are rushing material and reinforcement troops onto the Island of Rhodes by air, due to sea difficulties. At the time there were 10,000 Germans on the island.

    1944: Members of Hungary's Arrow Cross abduct 28 Jews in a Budapest hospital. They will murder them two days later.

    1944: On the Town opened on Broadway. It was lyricist Betty Comden's first hit. It was also the first big success for her three collaborators: Composer Adolph Green, Leonard Bernstein, and Jerome Robbins. Comden and Green also acted in the show, which featured the hit song "New York, New York." The musical, which followed a day in the lives of three sailors on leave in New York, ran for 462 performances on Broadway before going on tour. This success marked the beginning of Comden and Green's long career working together on Broadway and in Hollywood. When MGM turned On the Town into a movie with Gene Kelly and Frank Sinatra in 1949, it was the first feature-length musical to be filmed on location. In 1953, Comden and Green worked again with Bernstein, creating the show Wonderful Town, which won a Tony Award for Outstanding Musical. Collaborating with Green in a decades-long partnership, Comden wrote lyrics and librettos for numerous additional Broadway musicals and movies, including Singin' in the Rain (1952), Peter Pan (1953), Auntie Mame (1958), Say Darling (1958), and The Will Rogers Follies (1991). Their work garnered five more Tony Awards and two Academy Award nominations. In 1991, Comden and Green were awarded Kennedy Center Honors.

    1945: Arnold Hans Weiss, who left Nazi German at the age of 13 and returned as an officer in the United States Army’s Counter-Intelligence Corps completed a mission for which he received a Commendation Ribbon for assuming “the responsibility of apprehending a personality high in the annals of the Nazi system..” The Nazi was “Wilhelm Zander, chief aide to Martin Bormann, the Nazi Party official who had controlled access to Hitler.”

    1945: “Spellbound,” a murder mystery with a strange twist produced by David O. Selznick, written by Ben Hecht and with music by Miklós Rózsa which had premiered in New York City on Halloween was released to the rest of the United States today.

    1945: Moshe Shertock, head of the Jewish Agency political department was released today at 9 am after having been arrested last night along with 1,500 other Jews following the bombing of British installations in Palestine.  Shertock could have been released as early as 4 in the morning but he “refused to leave until most the prisoners were freed; something that did not happen until 9 o’clock.

    1946(5th of Tevet, 5707): Elie Nadelman, the Polish-born American sculptor and founder with his wife of the Museum of Folks Arts passed away today in NC at the age of 64.

    1946(5th of Tevet, 5707): Odessa born American jurist and Zionist Alexander Haim Pekelis passed away today.

    1946(5th of Tevet, 5707): Fifty-five year old Pierre Leon Dreyfus the Paris born son of Alfred Dreyfus and Lucie Eugénie Hadamar and the husband of Marie Apollonie Dreyfus passed away today in Ireland.

    1946: Joseph Clark Baldwin a Congressman from New York and a member of the Political Action Committee for Palestine appealed to Menachem Begin to end “terrorist’s activities.”

    1947: As the Arabs continue their violent reaction to the UN partition vote, a convoy of Jewish trucks was ambushed near Dier Balah. The Jews fought their way through the ambush in which two Arabs were killed and another nine were wounded.

    1947: Five Arabs were killed in Jerusalem by members of the Stern Gang who forced their way into an Arab house and shot those inside.

    1947(15th of Tevet, 5708): Five Jews are killed in random terror attacks in Jerusalem. One was stabbed to death while on his way to a funeral.  Another, Miriam Meir, the mother of six, was hanging her washing on a line when she was shot by an Arab sniper.  Dr. Hugo Lehrs, a British government medical officer was walking with an Arab doctor and an Arab nurse when they were confronted by three armed Arabs. “Which is the Jew?”  They asked.  The two Arabs stood aside and Dr. Lehrs was gunned down.

    1947: Moshe Sneh resigned as Jewish Agency executive. He criticized the Agency for emphasis on a friendship with the West and says they should pay more attention to Soviet Union

    1948(26th of Kislev, 5709): Erving Max “Goldy” Goldstein, “a three-time All-Southern selection” who played Guard for the University of Florida Gators followed by one season with the professional Newark Bears passed away today.

    1948: As the fortunes of war turned against the invading Arab armies, the IDF crosses the Egyptian border moving into the Sinai Peninsula.1948: During Operation Horev, the Negev brigade followed the tanks of the 8th brigade across the Egyptian border tonight and moved towards El-Arish

    1948: Kitty Carlisle performed as Lucretia when the two act opera The Rape of Lucretia opened on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre.

    1948: The Alexandroni brigade is sent to break through an Egyptian stronghold in Iraq-El-Manshia, as part of the big campaign aimed to capture Kis Fallujah which is held by the Egyptian Army. The brigade did not succeed in this mission either.

    1948: Syd Cohen dined on breakfast of boiled eggs and black coffee before he took off in his Spitfire Merlin on his first mission for the Israeli Air Force.

    1948: “Dressed casually, without any badge of rank Gordon Levett  the WW II, RAF veteran who flew covert missions bringing dis-mantled planes to Israel and who was the first English Gentile to fly with Israel’s first squadron took off today on his first mission with the IAF.

    1949: Birthdate of Rachel Elior an Israeli professor of Jewish philosophy and mysticism at Hebrew University.

    1951(29th of Kislev, 5712): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1951(29th of Kislev, 5712): Forty-six year old Harry Strauss, who had married Cecile G. Pofcher in 1931, passed away today in West Roxbury, MA.

    1951(29th of Kislev, 5712): Eighty-year old Vicksburg, Mississippi, native Edward E. Scharff passed away today

    1952(10th of Tevet, 5713): Asara B’Tevet

    1954: “The Flower Peach” by Clifford Odets which tells “the story of Noah and his struggle to carry out his mission” and which New York Times critic Brooks Atkinson “praised” for “its human warmth and wisdom’ opened at the Belasco Theatre for the first of 135 performances.

    1955: The funeral for 72 year old “Samuel Niger (Charney), the famous Yiddish author, literary critic and editor” is scheduled to be held today in New York.

    1956: J. Sinclair Armstrong, Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission today announced the appointment of Joseph B. Levin as an Assistant General Counsel of the Commission.

    1958: Bob Wolf was the radio voice of today “sudden-death overtime NFL championship game between the Giants and the Baltimore Colts where he excitedly proclaimed “The Colts are the world champions — Ameche scores!” as “Colts fullback Alan Ameche won the game on a 1-yard touchdown plunge.”

    1959(27th of Kislev, 5720): Third Day of Chanukah

    1959: First graduation ceremony at Bar-Ilan University

    1959: “The Cherry Orchard” produced by David Susskind co-starring Susan Strasberg as Anya was broadcast today as the “Play of the Week,

    1959: Shlomo Yisrael Ben-Meir began serving as Deputy Internal Affairs Minister.

    1963:  German-born composer Paul Hindemith passed away.  The very successful Hindemith was not Jewish but his wife and many of his friends were.  Hindemith fled Germany when the Nazis came to power.  He started a new career in the United States.

    1963: “Love With a Proper Stranger,” an off-beat comedy featuring Herschel Bernardi and Tom Bosley and with music by Elmer Bernstein was released today in the United States.

    1963: After 82 performances and four previews” at the Majestic Theatre, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “Jennie,” “a musical with a book by Arnold Schulman, music by Arthur Schwartz and lyrics by Howard Dietz.

    1963: President Lyndon B. Johnson attended the dedication of the new home for Agudas Achim on Bull Shoals Boulevard in Austin, TX.  The dedication was originally scheduled for November 23 at which then Vice President Lyndon Johnson was going to be the honored guest.  The assassination on November 23 changed all of that and it came as a great surprise to the congregants when President Johnson contacted the synagogue after the official mourning period was ended to make arrangements to come to Austin. (Editor’s Note- This is but one of the many little known stories about Lyndon Johnson and the Jewish community.  I taught at Agudas Achim five years after this event and people spoke of it with an understated pride that one usually did not find in Texans)

    1966(15th of Tevet, 5727): Seventy-nine year old Frank Chodorov (born Fishel Chodorowsky) whose economic and philosophic views can be seen in his Founding of the Intercollegiate Society of Individualist with patrician conservative William F. Buckley as President.

    1967:Muriel 'Mickie' Siebert became the first woman member of the New York Stock Exchange, one of many firsts that have earned the feisty Siebert the moniker "The First Woman of Finance."

    1968: Israeli forces conducted a commando raid aimed at Beirut Airport as part of its war against Palestinian terrorists.

    1969: Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers" premieres in New York City.

    1971(10th of Tevet, 5732): Asara B'Tevet

    1971(10th of Tevet, 5732): Eighty-three year old Viennese native Maximilian Raoul Walter “Max” Steinerthe composer nominated for 26 Oscars and winner of six for scores for “Gone With the Wind” and “Casablanca.”

    1972: Four Black September members took over the Israeli embassy in Bangkok, holding 12 hostages. They raised the PLO flag over the building, and threatened to kill the hostages unless 36 PLO prisoners were released.

    1972: Martin Bormann's skeleton was found in Berlin.  Bormann was one of Hitler’s closest associates in the waning days of World War II.  He was last seen alive leaving Hitler’s Berlin Bunker as the Soviet forces were closing in for the kill.  For almost a quarter of century, Nazi hunters looked for Bormann because they assumed that he might be hiding in South America or some place in the Middle East.

    1973: Birthdate of actor Seth Meyers, a SNL regular.

    1974: Final broadcast of the National Lampoon Radio Hour whose writers and performers included Gilda Radner, Harold Ramis and Richard Belzer.

    1975: A revival of David Merrick’s “Hello Dolly” which was an all-African-American production came to a close in New York City.

    1976 "Fiddler on the Roof" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 167 performances.

    1976(7th of Tevet, 5737): Eighty-four year old Solomon Zeitlin, the native of Byelorussia who became professor of rabbinical studies at Dropsie College in Philadelphia where he taught in the same classroom for over five decades and who is known both as the author of the three volume The Rise and Fall of the Judean as well as challenger of the authenticity of the Dead Sea Scroll passed away today.

    1976: Edward Zorinsky began serving as U.S. Senator from Nebraska.

    1977(18th of Tevet, 5738): In Tel Aviv, a terrorist bombing killed two and injured two.

    1980(21st of Tevet, 5641): Sixty-five year old Charles Tannen, who followed in the thespian footsteps of his father Julius passed away today.

    1980:Yona Kolchinsky was forewarned that he will be called up for military service beginning from December 29th of this year.”

    1980(21st of Tevet, 5641): Seventy-five year old Sam Levene whose fifty year stage and film acting career began with five lines in a 1927 play passed away today.,7505194

    1981(28th of Tevet, 5742): 8th and final day of Chanukah

    1981(28th of Tevet, 5742): David Abraham Cheulkar, a Jewish-Indian film star passed away. Born in 1909, his career began in 1941 when he made the first of over 110 films.

    1982: The New York Times featured a review of The Belarus Secret by John Loftus which explains “how some Nazi war criminals and collaborators were able to make their way to the United States after World War II, attain citizenship and live undetected or unmolested” by the authorities.

    1984(4th of Tevet, 5745): Seventy-six year old Soviet physicist Isaak Kikoin passed away.

    1985:Sulayman Khatir who had machine-gunned to death seven Israelis at Ras Burqa, “a beach resort area in the Sinai peninsula” was tried by a closed Egyptian military tribunal today after which he was “sentenced to life in prison at hard labor.”

    1986: It is reported that a gift of eight colorful and high-spirited children's books for each day of Hanukkah is available from the Ktav Publishing House. The books are ''Chanukah Fun and Story Book: Stories, Poems, Games & Things to Do for Chanukah,'' edited by Bernard Scharfstein ($6.50), and the following books written by his brother, Sol, a resident of Livingston: ''Chanukah Game and Story Book'' ($7.95), ''What Do You Do on a Jewish Holiday,'' a flip-flap book ($8.95), ''Let's Do a Mitzvah'' ($10.95), ''See, Smell and Touch Hanukah'' ($8.95), ''The Dreidel'' ($6.95) and ''Hanukah Popup'' ($6.95).

    1986: It was reported today that the following are now available just in time for Chanukah:

    ''The Hallah Book: Recipes, History and Traditions,'' by Freda Reider which tells about the ''ceremonial loaves that grace the Jewish Sabbath and the holiday tables.'

    ''Jewish Holiday Treasure Box: How to Be Jewish,” an attractively boxed package of 16 items for year-long fun and learning that includes 8 picture books, 6 play-and-learn magazines, a cassette tape of songs and stories and a parent handbook to be used with children from 4 through

    ''A History of America's Jews: This Land of Liberty,'' by Helene Schwartz which is packed with illustrations that include many historic photographs.

    ''The Guide to Everything Jewish in New York,'' by Nancy Davis and Joy Levitt, a thoroughly resourceful guide and fun to read reference book that helps even the most assimilated yuppie to find ''Jewish-style food'' and almost anything else you could think of that might be needed or wanted by the Jewish community.

    1987: Israeli officials said today that Israeli soldiers had resorted to using live ammunition against Palestinian demonstrators when their own lives were endangered. The comments by Shimon Peres, Israel's Foreign Minister, and Yitzhak Rabin, the Defense Minister, were made after two weeks of rioting in the occupied territories Mr. Rabin, interviewed from Tel Aviv on the NBC News program ''Meet the Press,'' said the Israeli Army had sought to use minimum force against the rioters, but he defended the use of live ammunition in situations when the lives of soldiers were in jeopardy. ''I believe we have tried and will continue to try in coping with violent public disorder with minimum measures -rubber bullets, tear gas,'' Mr. Rabin said. ''But whenever our soldiers are in danger, their life is in danger, they are allowed to open fire with live ammunition.''

    1987(7th of Tevet, 5748): Forty-eight year old lyricist Edward “Ed” Kleban best known his Tony Award winning work on “A Chorus Line” passed away today.

    1989(30th of Cheshvan, 5750): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah

    1989(30th of Cheshvan, 5750): Ninety eight year old Solomon Birnbaum, the oldest son of Rosa Korngut and Nathan Birnbaum, who was a noted “Yiddish linguist and Hebrew paleographer” passed away today.

    1989: An Israeli widely regarded as Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega's closest associate has been seized by United States troops in Panama, a senior American Embassy official said today. The prisoner, Mike Harari, 62 years old, who formerly was an Israeli intelligence official, played an important advisory role in developing Panama's armed forces. He is known to have recruited and trained the general's personal security detail, which at one time included former Israel soldiers as well as Cuban military advisers. Mr. Harari, who retired in 1979 as head of the Israeli intelligence service in Central America and Mexico, has also been identified as a longtime business associate of the deposed Panamanian leader. (As reported by David E. Pitt)

    1989: An Israeli Government official said today that Mike Harari was ''absolutely not connected in any way to the Government, and his activities in Panama have no connection to any official Israeli organization or body.''

    1992: Shmuel Zailer, a director of Raz-Lee Ltd., an Israeli software company tells the New York Times, "It's easier exporting to the moon than to America." This complaint is often heard at Israel's software companies, even though the industry expects to export about $130 million in programs this year, up from $75 million in 1990. About 40 percent goes to the United States. Israel has one of the largest concentrations of software engineers, with about 12,000 people employed in the field.

    1992: The Southwestern Bell Corporation and Clal Industries of Israel will jointly bid for control of Israel's national telephone company, Clal said today.

    1993: William L Shirer passed away at the age of 89.  Shirer was born in Chicago and raised in Cedar Rapids, Iowa where he graduated from Coe College.  Shirer is not Jewish.  However, as radio correspondent for CBS in the 1930’s, Shirer was one of the first to warn of the threat posed by Hitler and Nazi Germany.  His massive tome, Rise and Fall of the Third Reich continues to be one of the best books ever written on that period.  His incisive writing on the collapse of the French Third Republic is an underappreciated classic.

    2001(13th of Tevet, 5762):Seventy-three Samuel A. Goldblith, an American food scientist who had been captured at Corregidor and survived being a Japanese POW passed away.

    2003(3rd of Tevet, 5764): Seventy-three year oldManny Dworman, a nightclub owner, musician and long a colorful fixture on the Greenwich Village scene” passed away today at New York Hospital in Manhattan. (As reported by Stephen Holden)

    2003: The New York Times featured books by Jewish authors and/or about subjects of Jewish interest including In Black and White: The Life of Sammy Davis, Jr. by Wil Haygood and Gonna Do Great Things: The Life of Sammy Davis, Jr. by Gary Fishgall.

    2004(16th of Tevet, 5765) Jerry Orbach, the American actor who may be best remember for his role as a detective on the long-running series, “Law & Order,” passed away.

    2004(16th of Tevet, 5765):  Susan Sontag, feminist, author and social critic passed away (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    2004(16th of Tevet, 5765): Tzvi Tzur, the 6th Chief of Staff of the IDF passed away.

    2005: Today an immigration judge ordered John Demjanjuk, who had not disclosed his role as guard at Sobibor, be deported to Germany, Poland or Ukrainea\.

    2006: The annual Limmud Conference held at Nottingham, England, featuring presentations by 52 Israeli speakers, comes to a close. Based in the UK, Limmud is a global leader in innovative, inclusive Jewish education.

    2007(19th of Tevet, 5768): Two Israelis were killed and a third was wounded in a drive-by shooting in the south Hebron Hills. The victims, David Rubin and Ahikam Amihai, were in elite units of the IDF, with Rubin serving as a sergeant in the Israeli Naval commandos and Amihai as a corporal in the Israel Air Force commandos unit. The two soldiers were on leave. Before being fatally wounded, the two managed to return fire and wounded one or more of the four Palestinian gunmen. The Fatah-affiliated Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade took responsibility for that attack.

    2008: In Clayton, MO, The New Jewish Theatre presents “The Last Seder.”

    2008: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Michael Lewis’ Panic: The Story of Modern Financial Insanity.

    2008:The Israeli Air Force today blew up 40 tunnels that have been used to smuggle arms and terrorists into Gaza.  

    2008:Gaza terrorists continued firing rockets at the western Negev this afternoon, although the pace of the attacks had slowed by 4:00 p.m. Three people, including a 12-year-old boy, suffered shrapnel wounds and several others suffered traumatic shock this afternoon when the missiles bombarded the coastal city of Ashkelon at mid-day.

    2009: Famed dancer and choreographerKobi Rozenfeld, a native of Rehovot, Israel, conducts a hip hop workshop at the Peridance Center in New York.  Kobi Rozenfeld is coming from LA to teach three guest Street-Jazz classes:

    2009:Rabbi Naftali Tzvi Weisz, the Brooklyn-based Grand Rebbe of the Spinka sect, was sentenced to two years in federal prison today for a decade-long fraud and money-laundering scheme. Weisz, 61, had pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy before U.S. District Judge John F. Walter in Los Angeles last August.

    2009:Significant progress was made today in the case concerning the rights to the literary estates of Franz Kafka and Max Brod. Tel Aviv Family Court gave the heirs of Max Brod's estate - the sisters Eva Hoffe and Ruth Wisler - 15 days to come to an arrangement with the representatives of the state and the National Library with regard to the material in their possession. Judge Talia Pardo Kupelman ruled that if negotiations fail, five vaults in various banks in Tel Aviv, containing the manuscripts of the two Czech writers, will be opened without the sisters' consent in the presence of both a representative of the State Archive and the court-appointed executor of the estate.

    2009: It was announced today that for the first time in 10 years the number of immigrants to Israel has risen this year, according to Jewish Agency chairman Natan Sharansky and Immigration and Absorption Minister Sofa Landver. In 2009, 16,244 people immigrated - a 17 percent jump over last year's 13,859. The number of immigrants from English-speaking countries has also increased by 17 percent this year, from 4,511 to 5,294, said Eli Cohen, the director-general of the agency's aliyah department.

    2009: Israel announced today it would build nearly 700 housing units in Jewish areas of Jerusalem on territory conquered in the 1967 war that the Palestinians claim for their future state. The move was harshly condemned by Palestinian leaders as evidence that the Israelis are undermining efforts to restart peace talks.

    2010:Just Say "Know" to Judaism! “a weekly series explores the relevant texts in Judaism that provide guidance for becoming a better person in an entertaining, informative and meaningful manner is scheduled to meet today at The Jewish Community Center in West Bloomfield, Michigan.

    2010: “Reform Reading and Liberal Leyning – The Torah Service in Progressive Jewish Services” with Paul Freedman and “Ben Shahn: Political Artist, Personal Imagery” with Irene Wise are two of the programs scheduled to take place at today’s session of the Limmud Conference.

    2010:Today Iran hanged an Iranian convicted of spying for the country's archenemy Israel, the official IRNA news agency reported.  The report identified the man as Ali Akbar Siadati and said he was hanged in Tehran's Evin prison. Earlier in the week, Iran's judiciary announced that a spy for Israel would be executed soon after an appeals court confirmed the man's death sentence.

    2010: A natural gas field discovered in Israel's territorial waters contains an estimated 16 trillion cubic feet of the natural resource. Electrical log tests confirmed the size of the natural gas field, which was discovered in drilling earlier this year off the Mediterranean coast near Haifa and dubbed "Leviathan." Noble Energy Inc. announced the results of the tests today

    2010(21st of Tevet, 5771): Avraham “Avi” Cohen an Israeli footballer who served as chairman of the Israel Professional Footballers Association was declared brain dead after being seriously injured in a motorcycle accident on December 20.

    2011: Adrienne Khana Cooper, “a Yiddish singer…who played an integral role in the revival of klezmer music” was buried at Oakmont Cemetery in Lafayette, CA following a memorial service at Congregation B’nai Shalom in Walnut Creek.

    2011(2nd of Tevet, 5772): 8th & final day of Chanukah

    2011(2nd of Tevet, 5772): Ninety-four year old Irving Raphael Isaacs, the University of Michigan trained photographer, advertising executive and WW II Army Air Corps bombardier who was the son of Bernard Isaacs, the Superintendent of Hebrew Schools in Detroit and the husband of the former Martha Lillian Horelick passed away today.

    2011: Matisyahu is scheduled to perform at the “9:30 Club” in northwest Washington, DC.

    2012: “The Gatekeepers” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival

    2012: The Eden-Tamir Music is scheduled to be the site of a noon-time concert featuring Piano Chamber Music and a Young Artist Competition.

    2012(15th of Tevet, 5773): Ninety-two year old Benjamin Franklin expert Claude-Anne Lopez passed away today. (As reported William Yardley)

    2012:A senior Muslim Brotherhood official called on Jews who immigrated to Israel from Egypt to return to Egypt and leave Israel to the Palestinians, Egyptian daily Al-Masry Al-Youm reported today. Senior Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood offcial Essam el-Erian said in an interview to television station Dream TV that every Egyptian has the right to live in Egypt, and Egyptian Jews living in Israel were contributing to the occupation of Arab lands, according to Al-Masry Al-Youm.

    2012: Some 200 settlers clashed with security forces attempting to evacuate the illegal West Bank outpost of Oz Zion near the Beit El settlement today. The settlers threw stones at security forces, who eventually abandoned the evacuation attempt prior to the start of the Sabbath.

    2013: Roman Rabinovich, winner of the Arthur Rubenstein Competition for Young Artist of the Year 2012 is scheduled to be featured at a piano recital in at the Eden-Tamar Musical Center.

    2013: After Shabbat world renowned artists Miriam Fried-violin, Paul Biss-viola Zvi Plesser-cello and Ron Regev-piano are scheduled to perform in several pieces including Brahms Trio No. 3 in Jerusalem

    2013: “Frozen” and “The Escape” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013:An earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale shook Cyprus tonight, with the effects felt as far east as Northern Israel. The two areas primarily affected were Haifa and the Krayot. (As reported by Tova Dvorin)

    2013: Dozens gathered today in front of the Jerusalem residence of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to protest against the release of Palestinian prisoners. Protesters included family members of the prisoners' victims, and carried signs reading "only Israel releases murderers." (As reported by Noam Dabul Dvir)

    2014: “The Rover” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2014: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Suspended Sentences: Three Novellasby Patrick Modian

    2014: “Hamas prevented 37 Palestinian war orphans living in the Gaza from entering Israel” to participate in an “educational and recreational visit organized by Yoel Marshak of the Kibbutz Movement in collaboration with the Arab Israeli towns of Kfar Kassem and Rahat which was meant to bring the teenage children of Hamas operatives killed during Operation Protective Edge to the Ramat Gan Safari and to Israeli towns along the Gaza border.”  (As reported by Elhanan Miller)

    2014:Today, Judge Salim Joubran, speaking at a High Court hearing for a petition against the Knesset law that raises the threshold to 3.25 percent of total votes struck out against the new rules raising the minimum vote threshold for entrance into the Knesset, saying it could result in a total lack of Arab representation in the Knesset.

    2015: In Tel Aviv Poetry “Slam Israel’s Slamstival” is scheduled to come to an end.

    2015: In New Orleans, which most people connect with jazz another 2 hour round of Israeli folk dancing is scheduled to begin this evening. 

    2016(28th of Kislev, 5777): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    2016: “In his address” today, Secretary of State John Kerry “defended America’s decision not to veto UN Security Council Resolution 2334 which condemned settlements as illegal and called for a halt in all settlement activity.”

    2016: In Little Rock, AR, Lubavitch of Arkansas is scheduled to host the Chabad Young Professional Chanukah Party at Dave and Busters.

    2016: At La Mama, Yiddish New York & New Yiddish Rep are scheduled to present: “God of Vengeance” (Got fun nekome) by Sholem Ash followed by “Ahava Oylem – An Evening of Sacred Music” at the Town and Village Synagouge and a “Late Night Klezmer Jam Session” at Mona’s.

    2017(10thof Tevet, 5778): Fast of Tevet

    2017(10thof Tevet, 5778): Yahrzeit of Judith Sharon Rosenstein – nee Levin.  “Judy” to one and all: a true woman of valor – loving wife, devoted mother, a grand grandmother and a great sister.  Unfortunate proof of the statement that “the good die young!”

    2017: Tonight Haylyards Bar is scheduled to host the post-Chanukah Chanukah Party that includes a screening of “The Hebrew Hammer!”

    2017: YNY is scheduled to host its annual Student Concert

    2018: As Israelis prepare for Shabbat they consider the impact of this week’s surprise announcement of election in April of 2019, the discovery of new terror tunnels on the border with Lebanon and the issuance of the official order paving the way for the immediate of U.S. troops from Syria despite previous pleas from Prime Minister Netanyahu not to do this.

    2018: In Winchester, MA, Temple Shir Tikvah is scheduled to host “Hot Chocolate Shabbat.”

    2018: In Memphis, TN, the Sisterhood is scheduled to host a “Preneg” prior to Friday evening services.

    2018: In Rochester, NY, Temple Emanu-El is scheduled to host its last “Challah Baking” of 2018.

    2018: “The DC Improv” is scheduled to host an evening with Dov Davidoff


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    December 29

    584 BCE (10 Tevet 3175):The Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar, began his siege of Jerusalem leading to the destruction of the first Temple. This day is commemorated as one of the "minor" fasts, lasting from sunrise to sunset.  Of course, the tenth of Tevet floats when it appears on the secular calendar.

    1170: Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II.  While the movie about Becket gives the Archbishop “all of the good lines” the reality was a bit different, especially for the Jews.  The reign of Henry II was a good period for the Jews of England.  His view that the King and not the Church was the ultimate authority for the realm would have appeared to be the better case for the Jews given the inimical view that the Church held of the Jewish people.  Death is always a tragedy, but we should understand the reality of those over whom we weep as opposed to an image created by later day dramatists and film makers.

    1485: Joshua Solomon Soncino published Sefer ha-Ikkarim (Book of Principles) at Soncino, Italy. Sefer ha-Ikkarim ("Book of Principles") is a fifteenth century work by Rabbi Joseph Albo, a student of Crescas. It is an eclectic, popular work, whose central task is the exposition of the principles of Judaism. Rabbi Joseph Albo was probably born in Aragon in 1380 and reportedly took part in the religious debate held at Tortosa in 1413 and 1414.  His date of death is given variously as 1430 or 1444.

    1690:In Italy, “severe earthquakes” struck the town of Ancona. They are memorialized by the town’s Jews with the celebration of a “Purim of Ancona.”  A description of the event and the special prayers recited on that day were printed in “Or Boker” was which was published in 1709.

    1709: Birthdate of Empress Elizabeth of Russia. The daughter of Peter the Great was an enemy of the Jews.  She reiterated and reinforced the decrees already in existence banning Jews from the Russian Empire.  Despite requests from some of her advisors that Jewish merchants be allowed to visit the kingdom since it would enrich Russia, Elizabeth held firm. This is yet another example of Religious zeal over-ruling all other considerations.  According to one account, at least 35,000 Jews were forced to leave Russia because of her.  Her legacy was a Jew Free Russia – something that would not last because of Russian greed for the land of others.

    1758: Jacob and Thankful Pinto gave birth to Solomon Pinto, a patriot who fought in the Revolutionary War, the husband of Clarissa Pinto and the brother of Abraham and William Pinto.

    1778(10th of Tevet, 5539) Asara B’Tevet

    1778: During the American Revolutionary War, 3,500 British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell captured Savannah, Georgia without firing a shot. Among those taken prisoner by the British as they secured Savannah was the Jewish patriot from Georgia, Mordechai Sheftall.  In 1778,having proven his skill and selflessness as Commissary General of Georgia, Mordechai Sheftall had been appointed  to the post of Deputy Commissary General to the federal troops stationed in Georgia and South Carolina by General Robert Howe. Before the Continental Congress could confirm his role, however, he was captured in December 1778, along with his fifteen-year-old son, Sheftall Sheftall, in the battle to prevent Savannah from falling to British troops. Some of the outnumbered patriots escaped by swimming across the Savannah River, but the younger Sheftall could not swim. His father would not abandon him. With 185 other Americans, they were captured and imprisoned. The British interrogated the Sheftalls under great duress, depriving them of food for two days. At one point, they were almost bayoneted by a drunken British soldier. Still refusing to provide information about the American's sources of supplies and refusing to renounce the patriot cause, father and son were transferred to the dank prison ship Nancy where the British deliberately offered Mordecai no meat other than pork, which he refused. After several months, the elder Sheftall was paroled to the town of Sunbury, Georgia, where he was kept under close British surveillance; his son remained on the Nancy. At Mordecai's urging, Mrs. Sheftall took her other children to the relative safety of Charleston. Separation from family weighed heavily on Mordecai. Through the intervention of friends, he was finally able to arrange for his son's parole to Sunbury under the same restrictive conditions on his own freedom of movement. Things looked promising when American military pressure on Savannah forced the British garrison to withdraw from Sunbury, but freedom for the Sheftalls did not follow. Local Tories began to beat and even kill patriots in Sunbury, especially parolees like the Sheftalls. Father and son managed to flee on an American brig headed for Charleston and a hoped for reunion with their family, but were captured by a British frigate and transported to Antigua, where they remained prisoners until the Spring of 1780. In June, both Sheftalls were paroled once more. They headed for Philadelphia, to which Mrs. Sheftall and the children had fled, yet again, for safety. There, despite his own financial hardships, Mordecai helped fund a new synagogue for Congregation Mikve Israel. Mordecai spent the remainder of the war in Philadelphia, seeking to help both the American cause and his own financial condition by financing a privateer to capture and loot British vessels. His investment does not seem to have paid off; on its very first voyage, the ship ran aground. In1783, when the war ended, Mordecai returned with his wife and children to Savannah, where the family resumed its life for several generations. The state of Georgia granted him several hundred acres of land in recognition of his sacrifices on behalf of independence. When he died in 1797 at the age of 62, his beloved home city of Savannah buried him with full honors in the Jewish cemetery he created.”

    1801: Based on a deed of conveyance of this date, Levi Solomon and Solomon Etting paid William McMechen and John Leggett for land to be used as a Jewish cemetery in Baltimore, MD

    1802: Aron Isaacson married Mary Israel today at the Great Synagogue.

    1802: In Charleston, SC, nineteen year old Rinah Cohen, the daughter of Moses Cohen and Judith de Lyon married David Mordecai

    1809: Birthdate of William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Gladstone is known primarily as the political rival of Benjamin Disraeli and this tends to color the view of him held by some Jews.  Gladstone was a complicated man.  He began his political career who opposed Jews sitting in the House of Commons.  At considerable political risk, he modified that position and voted in favor of removing the Christian religious qualification as long as the number of Jews in Parliament would never be so great as to lead Christians from their faith. Although Disraeli was raised as an Anglican, Gladstone was suspicious of what he described as his radical Jewish policies.  Considering the level of English anti-Semitism, Gladstone should go into the plus column.  

    1814: Birthdate of French political leader and statesman Jules Simon, whose name indicates that he was of “Jewish origin.” Simon always thought he was born on December 30, until he took a “second look” at his birth certificate when he was being sworn in as a deputy and saw that it was dated December 30 but said he was born “yesterday”

    1817: In Karlskrona, Sweden, Aaron Abrahamson and his wife gave birth to Swedish businessman and patron of the arts August Abrahamson who was the grandson of Aaron Abraham who had been a member of the Berlin Academy of Art.

    1824: John Meseena married Rachel Gomes today at the Hambro Synagogue.

    1829: Birthdate of the first Jewish mayor of Seattle, Washington, Bailey Gatzert, the native of Darmstadt, Germany who lived in Natchez, Mississippi before moving to Seattle where became a successful businessman and banker.

    1829: The Director of the Paris Opera signed a contract today “specifying” Giacomo Meyerbeer’s “Robert le diableas a "grand opera in five acts and seven scenes"

    1838: George D. and Elizabeth Bennett Rosengarten gave birth to Adolph G. Rosengarten who rose to the rank of Major in the 106th Regiment, a cavalry unit in the Union Army who died at the Battle of Stone River during the Civil War.

    1845: Texas is admitted as the 28th U.S. state. Considering their numbers, Jews played an amazingly active role in the affairs of Texas at this time.  Moses Albert Levy served as surgeon-general for Sam Houston’s forces at the Battle of San Jacinto – the victory that gave Texas her independence.  Isaac Lyons served as the surgeon –general for another Texas leader, Tom Green.  At least one Jew, Abraham Wolf, died at the Alamo.  David Kaufman fought at the Battle of Neches, served in Republic of Texas legislature and was one of the state’s first Congressmen when she joined the Union.  Kaufman County is named for him.  With the support of Sam Houston, Henry Castro helped settle 5,000 Germans in Texas between 1843 and 1848.  Castro County and Castroville both bear witness to the successful effort of this Sephardic Jew. During the 1850’s Jewish congregations were established in Houston, Galveston and San Antonio. In each case, the building of the cemetery preceded the building of the house of worship.

    1847: Seventy-two year old English composer William Crotch passed away. Among his students was the Jewish composer Charles Kensington Salman who created the musical setting for “Adonai Malakh” (Psalm 93). Crotch drew on Biblical related themes for some of his works including “The Captivity of Judah” and an oratorio entitled “Palestine.”

    1848: One day after he had passed away, 72 year old Joseph Emanuel was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.

    1848: Birthdate of Calude Reigner, the an officer with the Corps of Royal Engineers who served two tours of duty with the Palestine Exploration Fund where he took part in some of the first modern surveys of Jerusalem and other parts of this part of the Ottoman Empire.

    1848: In Hungary, Lena Kulka and Emanuel Shlesinger gave birth to Sigmund Shlesinger the husband of Fannie Fleshiem who served with “Colonel George A. Forsyth’s Company of Scouts” and fought at the Battle of Beecher’s Island (Colorado) in 1868.

    1848: In Hungary, Emanuel Shlesinger and Lena Kulka gave birth to Sigmund Shlesinger, the husband of Fannie Fleisher, a member of Colonel Forsyth’s Scouts during the Indian Wars in Colorado in 1868 and active member of the Cleveland, Ohio, Jewish community who served on the Board of Directors of Tifereth Israel and was one of the incorporators of the Cleveland Federation of Jewish Charities.

    1849: Birthdate of British economist William Cunningham the author of The Growth of English Industry and Commerce in which he described the role of Jewish moneylenders in Medieval England and the manner in which King John, among others, exploited them for his own gain.”

    1853: Birthdate of mathematician Ferdinand Caspary, the son of a German Jewish businessman and the grandson of a rabbi who was raised in Glogau.

    1854: In Manchester, England, Marcus and Martha Leipziger gave birth to Dr. Henry M. Leipzieger, the Supervisor of the Lectures of the Board of Education who founded the Hebrew Technical Institute in 1884.


    1857: “A Legal Decision” published today told the story of the son of a wealthy London Jewish banker who had fallen in love with a Christian girl whom he was going to marry despite the father’s threat to disinherit him.  Taking advantage of a little known law that required Jewish fathers to support their Christian children, the boy told his father he would become a Christian which meant he would be “entitled to one-half of the father’s fortune.”  The father sought help from lawyer who said that for a fee of ten guineas he would tell him how to thwart the son’s plan.  Once the fee was paid, the lawyer told the father that he could become a Christian would leave him free to disinherit the son. The father left the lawyer without any further comment.

    1860: It was reported today that one of the manifestations of excitement shown by the Poles following the Warsaw Conference was “a hatred of Jews and Germans that knew no bounds.”

    1861: Birthdate of German mathematician Kurt Hensel whose paternal grandmother was Fanny Mendelsohn and whose paternal great-great grandfather was Moses Mendelsohn making him an example of the “disappearing Jews” – an all too common phenomenon of the 19th and 20th centuries.

    1862(7th of Tevet, 5623): Seventy year old Samuel Israel Mulder who is best known for his translation of Pentateuch, Psalms and Proverbs from Hebrew into Dutch – the first such work of its kind.

    1864(30th of Kislev, 5625): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; 6th day of Chanukah

    1864: In San Francisco, founding of “Congregation Ohabai Shalome” at “1831 Bush near Laguna” whose members included Joseph Schmidt, Philip Stern, Bernard Reiss and M.L. Stern.

    1870: New York City authorities warned Jews about incompetent and unscrupulous mohalim who were causing the deaths of many Jewish infants.

    1871: In Kalvarija, Lithuania (then part of the Russian Empire), Efraim London and his wife gave birth to Meyer London, the Brooklyn Congressman who was one only two members of the Socialist Party elected to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.

    1871: In Memphis, TN, Max Friedman and Tillie Marks gave birth to Lee M. Friedman, the Harvard educated lawyer, President of the Boston Branch of the Alliance, Israelite Universelle and treasurer of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association who also served as secretary of the Purim Association.

    1874: Two days after she had passed away, Miriam (Lazarus) Israel, the wife of Morris Israel was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1874: A review of “The Travels of the Shah of Persia” by J.W. Redhouse which uses the Shah’s diary to recount the monarch’s 1873 tour of Europe by the Shah included a description of his meeting with Lord Rothschild.  After praising Rothschild for his wealth, the Shah told Rothschild that “the best thing to do would be that you should” use your money “and buy a territory in which you could collect all the Jews of the whole world, you becoming their chief and leading them on their way in peace, so that you should no longer thus be scattered and dispersed.” (Compare this sentiment with the Iranian -modern day Persia- view on the Jewish state.)

    1875(1stof Tevet, 5636) Rosh Chodesh Tevet, Seventh Day of Chanukah


    1878: In New York City, the Young Men’s Hebrew Union hosted a well-attended reception and ball in Irving Hall which was a celebration of Chanukah.

    1879: Four days after she had passed away, 65 year old “Jessie Salmon” the daughter of John Salmon and Catherine Polack was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1880: Based on information provided by London Times’ correspondent in Berlin, “the persecution of the Jews in Prussia has led to “a Jewish traveling in a public canning a Professor, a Jewish student killing a Christian fellow-student in duel and a Jewish merchant boxing a Christian trader’s ears” --- “unfortunate incidents” that “were ‘preceded by some violent act on the part of the Christian antagonist.’”

    1881: In Paris, antiques dealer Alexandre Rosenberg and his wife gave birth to Paul Rosenberg, a leading French art dealer who was able to regain parts of his collection that had been stolen by the Nazis.

    1882: Isaac Samuel, the French born son of Lyon Israel Samuel and Fleurette Baruch Weil and the husband of Fanny Heilbronner with whom he had had five children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1882: It was reported today that in Russia, “the senate has decided that no court can authorize the transfer of land to a Jew.”

    1882: It was reported today that in Russia “the railway companies have ordered the discharge of their Jewish employees.”

    1888: In Chicago, Joseph Zeisler, the Austrian born son of Isaac and Anna Zeisler and his wife Theresa gave birth to Erwin (Billy) Paul Ziesler

    1888: In New York, the Excise Commissioners heard the protest of the Pastor of St. Ann’s Roman Catholic Church to the granting of a liquor license to Charles Goldstein, the owner of Webster Hall, an edifice designed to for Jewish weddings and other such social events.

    1888: Santa Clause will distribute toys to the 600 children at the Christmas Party being held today at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New York City.

    1888: The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City will the site of tonight’s theatrical and musical productions the proceeds of which will go to the Young Men’s Hebrew Association.

    1889: Six hundred youngsters attended an evening of entertainment in the chapel of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum sponsored by the Seligman Solomon Society.

    1889(6thof Tevet, 5650): One day after his 78th birthday, Rabbi Ludwig Philippson whose works included “an annotated German translation of the TaNaCh” and who was the son of  Moses Philippson and the father of geologist Alfred Philippson passed away at Bonn

    1889: The officers and managers of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society hosted a reception in honor of state Senator Jacob A. Cantor and Assemblyman Joseph Blumenthal.

    1889: The Jaffa to Jerusalem Railway Company (Société du Chemin de Fer Ottoman de Jaffa à Jérusalem et Prolongements) was founded in Paris with Bernard Camille Collas, a French lighthouse inspector, as the first director.

    1889: It was reported today the one of the highlights of this year’s New York theatrical season was Edwin Booth’s portrayal of Shylock in “The Merchant of Venice.”

    1890: In San Rafael, CA, “a grocer” and his wife gave birth to Alfred C. Blumenthal who gained fame as “wealthy real estate operator A.C. Blumenthal and was known to his theatrical friends in Hollywood and New York as “Blumey.”

    1890(18THof Tevet, 5651): Sixty-five year old Henry S. Henry, a native of Ramsgate, England, who was the founder of H.S. Henry & Son, commission merchants who was active in several charitable Jewish organizations passed away today at his New York home.

    1890: Sgt. Jack Trautman, who could have retired but chose to stay with his men, fought at Wounded Knee, SD today with such courage that he was awarded the Medal of Honor.

    1891: According to Emmanuel Lehman, the Treasurer for the Transportation Fund for Russians, as of today the fund has raised $82, 842.73 to aid Jews trying to flee the Czar’s realm.

    1891(28thof Kislev, 5652): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1891: Sixty-eight year old German mathematician Leopold Kronecker, who converted to Christianity in the last year of his life, passed away today.

    1892: A fire broke out at the four story brick building at 3 Mechanic Alley the ground floor of which is occupied by tailor shop owned by three Jews, Samuel, Isaac and Harris Goldstein.

    1893(20th of Tevet, 5654): Adolf Jellinek passed away. Born in 1821, he was an Austrian rabbi and scholar who became a preacher at the Leopoldstädter Tempel in Vienna in 1856.

    1893: In Newark, NJ, Max Boxer made bail on charges of misusing the United States mail when he sent a postcard to Abraham Kursek, a Jewish poultry and fish merchant threatening to shoot him and his son-in-law if he did not vacate his stall on Prince Street.  The two men were business compeititors.

    1893: In New York, Judge McAdam granted an injunction prevent Joseph Jaffa  from publishing  the picture of Rudolph Marks, a Jewish actor who is studying law at the University of the City of New York, as part of a contest that he is promoting without the plaintiff’s permission.

    1894: In Vienna, Alfred Sachs, the son of Eduard Elkan Sachs and Babette Sachs, and his wife Therese Sachs gave birth to Marie Schmeichler, the wife of Dr. Robert Schmeichler.

    1894:A two week revival of “Quite an Adventure,” a one-act comic opera by Edward Solomon, came to an at the Savoy Theatre in London.

    1895: Based on statements of Samuel Schafer published today the Hebrew Fair which closed last week has raised $165,000 and that when all contributions are tallied the amount raised will reach approximately $175,000.  Approximately $100,000 will go to the Educational Alliance with the balance going the Hebrew Technical Institute.

    1895: “Judaism And Its Spirit” published today provides a detailed review of The Spirit of Judaism by Josephine Lazarus one of the sisters of Emma Lazarus.


    1895: Arthur Scholem and Betty Hirsch Scholem gave birth to Werner Scholem, German political leader, member of the Reichstag during the Weimer Republic and the brother of Gershom Scholem.  Werner would die in Buchenwald.

    1895: An armed column “crossed into the Transvaal and headed for Johannesburg” which marked the start of the Jameson Raid whose participants included Solomon Barnato “Solly” Joel one of three sons of Joel Joel and Kate Isaacs who made “a fortune in diamond and gold mining in South Africa,

    1896(24th of Tevet, 5657): Seventy-two year old Jacob ben Moses Bachrach, the son of R' Moses Bacharach and Sheina Bacharach and the husband of Reva Bachrach, the editor of Hebrew works including “the Turim of Jacob ben Asher” passed away today in Bialystok.

    1897: The House Committee of the Home and Hospital for Jewish Incurables is scheduled to meet this afternoon in London.

    1897: The “Russo-Jewish Conjoint Committee” of the Board of Guardians is scheduled to meet this afternoon.

    1897: The Chovei Zion Association is scheduled to meet this evening at Bevis Marks.

    1898: Richard J. H. Gottheil, a professor of languages at Columbia University and a leader in the early American Zionist movement gathered together a group of Jewish students from several New York City universities to form a Zionist youth society. The society was called Z.B.T. which most people know as Zeta Beta Tau fraternity.

    1901: The Jewish National Fund (JNF) was founded. “The Jewish National Fund is the caretaker of the land of Israel, on behalf of its owners - Jewish People everywhere.”  After several false starts, the delegates to the Fifth Zionist Congress passed a motion that a fund to be called Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael) should be established, and that "the fund shall be the property of the Jewish people as a whole".  The purpose of the fund would be to be purchase land in the land of Palestine that would belong to the Jewish people.  The JNF's first undertaking was the collection of £200,000.  One of the delegates immediately pledged £10 in memory of Zvi Hermann Schapira who had been one of the prime mover’s behind the creation of the JNF. Theodore Herzl made the second donation and his aide, the third. And with this, the dream of a national fund--and a Jewish Homeland--became a reality.

    1902: Birthdate of New York City and St. Lawrence College trained labor lawyer Robert Abelow,
    a partner in the firm of Weil, Gosthael and Magnes and the editor of “The Employee Relations Law Journal” who was the husband of “the former Miriam Steinbrink” and a son-in-law of New York State Supreme Court Justice Meyer Steinbrink”

    1903(10thof Tevet, 5664): Asara B’Tevet

    1905: The Jewish Chronicle reported that “the brothers Gomez de Costa in Hackney, West Indies, would not receive their sister in their house for a year because she had married an Ashkenazi Jew.

    1905: The Jewish Chronical reported that a “Proselyte Board” has been formed in Johannesburg “consisting of congregational delegates and Rabbis and that no proselytes would be admitted to the community unless they received a vote of two-thirds of those present at the meeting.

    1905: As of today it was reported that the fund to help the Jews suffering from the Massacres in Russia had reach $1,217,000.

    1908: Louis A. Hensheimer, a member of the baking firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Company spent his last day “at his desk” prior to undergoing surgery for appendicitis.

    1908: Birthdate of Magnus Alfred Pyke, the native of Paddington who was educated in Canada who returned to England, where among other things he served as the Chief Chemist at Vitamins Ltd in Hammersmith and Manager of Distiller Ltd’s yeast research laboratory in Scotland from 1949 to 1973.

    1909: Birthdate of Johtje (pronounced YO-tya) Vos, a Dutch woman who along with her husband hid three dozen Jews from the Nazis during World War II.  In addition to which they provided assistance to an unknown number of Jews escaping through part of the Netherlands from 1940 through 1945.  Mrs. Vos moved to Woodstock, NY in 1951 and passed away at the age of 97 in 2007.  She never saw herself as a Righteous Gentile or a particularly brave person.

    1911: Camille Erlanger’s L’aube rouge premiered at Rouen, France.

    1911: The Chamber of Commerce of Salonica rendered a decision that Jewish porters do not need to work on Shabbat.

    1911: At its meeting today, “the Board of Trustees of B’nai Jeshurun” “decided to recommend” to the congregation that the hire Rabbi Joel Blau who is now leading Congregation Shaari Zedek in Brooklyn.

    1911 Mrs. Leopold de Rothschild was among those receiving the “Award of the Order of Mercy” today.

    1912(19thof Tevet, 5673): Sixty-six year old grain merchant Emanuel Steinhardt passed away today in New Orleans.

    1912: In Newark, NJ, Esther Taubenhaus and her husband gave birth to Tulane Medical School graduate Dr. Leon Taubenhuas, “the director of community of health services at Beekman Downtown Hospital and a specialist in emergency medicine” who with his wife Barbara raised two daughters.

    1912: A Hebrew School was founded today in Schenectady New York.

    1912: U.K. premiere of “The Miracle” a British silent film based on a play by Max Reinhardt.

    1913: In Australia first showing of “The Miracle” a British silent film based on a play by Max Reinhardt who helped write the script for the film.

    1914: In Rochester, NY, Oliver Bachrach of Baltimore delivered a lecture on the prophet Jeremiah at The Jewish Chautauqua Society Convention.

    1914: “Looking to the War’s End” published today described the views of Bernard Baruch’s father, Dr Simon Baruch on what a post-war world would look like including that “perhaps in a decade or fifty years” the United States and Germany, joined by other countries now at war” will join “together to subdue the Tartar and the yellow man and then we shall have a real peace.”

    1915: “The People’s Relief Committee, which is also co-operating with the American Jewish Relief Committee, expects to raise $100,000 today.”

    1915: Today in New York, “at the monthly meeting of the Hebrew Congregation of the Deaf and Dumb mutes” Sephardic Rabbi Albert J. Amateau used sign language to make an appeal to the 140 members for contributions to the $5,000,000 fund which the American Jewish Relief Committee is attempting to raise for Jews suffering through the war” which met with an immediate contribution of $250 dollars and a small box filled with jewels.

    1915: Today, Dr. J.L. Magnes addressed a crowd of jewelry industry employees and persuaded them to subscribe to a contribution of $10,000 and to create a committee under the Chairmanship of Leopold Stern which will raise $100,000 from among Jewish jewelry workers.

    1915: “Today is tag day for the benefit of Jewish sufferers through the war and by night the committee” in charge “expects to have distributed one million tags and to have collected $50,000.”

    1915: “A special feature” of today, which is Tag Day, “will be sight-seeing cars filled with actors and actresses from the Yiddish theatres which will tour the city stopping a various tagging pints to entertain the crowds.”

    1915: It was reported that M. Maldwin Fertig, the president of The Young Men’s Hebrew Association, has said the campaign to raise funds for a new facility in the would continue until it has reached its goal of $85,000.

    1916: The piano duo of Rose and Ottilie Sutro played their version of Max Bruch’s Concerto for Two Pianos in A-flat minor for the first time with the Philadelphia Orchestra.

    1916: It was reported today, that the survivors of Baltimore lawyer Moses R. Walter are his wife, the former Bertha Ulman, and his children Clementine Walter, Valerie Walter, Raphael Walter, Albert Walter and Mrs. Robert Walkingshaw of Seattle, WA>

    1917(14thof Tevet, 5678): Parashat Vayehci

    1917: Rabbi Samuel Schulman is scheduled to deliver the sermon this morning at Temple Beth-El on 5th Avenue.

    1917: It was reported at The Hague today “that leading Jewish financiers of Germany refused to support the German war loan unless the German Government” refrained “from all opposition to the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine independent of any Turkish control.”

    1917: When Representative Julius Kahn of California spoke tonight at the dinner session of the Fifth Annual Convention of the Intercollegiate Menorah Association meeting at Columbia he “was applauded when he urged that universal compulsory military service be enacted in law” because “there was no prospect that wars would cease at the end of this war, and every reason to fear that wars would continue in the future as they had in the past.’ (Editor’s Note- the Jewish Congressman did not see WW I as the “war to end all wars” and was calling for peace time conscription – something that would not come to fruition until the year prior to the attack at Pearl Harbor.)

    1917: Tonight, “speaking at a benefit at Cooper Union for the needy Jewish journalists and writers fo the warring countries, Dr. J. L. Magnes predicted that the Jewish people would survive their present sufferings stronger than ever and assert a stronger influence on the religious and political life of the nations.”

    1917: Tonight at the Sixty-ninth Regiment Armory more than $6,000 was raised at the Zionist Ball which was held to raise funds “to be used in re-establishing the Jews in Palestine.”

    1917: Today “Famous Players, Feature Play, Oliver Morosco Photoplay, Bosworth, Cardinal, Paramount Pictures Corporation, Artcraft, and The George M. Cohan Film Corporation”  “were incorporated into one entity called the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation” with Adolph Zukor as President and Jesse L. Lasky as Vice President.”

    1918: Rabbi Hyman Gerson Enelow, who was in France serving as representative of the Overseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board wrote today that for three weeks he has been visiting various military camps using an automobile lent him by a Colonel in the Army and while he has found the experience to be “a great privilege” if also feels that “if he Jewish work here does not improve much in point of organization, I may go in as an army chaplain.”

    1918:During the Freedom Wars, Lithuania's government called for volunteers to defend the Lithuanian state. Of the 10,000 volunteers who responded more than 500 of them were Jews. Altogether more than 3000 Jews served in the Lithuanian army between 1918 and 1923.

    1918: The Zionist Organization of America held a reception tonight at the Hotel McAlpin for Judge Julian W. Mack, Jacob de Haas and Colonel Harry Cutler “on the eve of their departure for Paris as representatives of the Zionist Congress recently held in Philadelphia” where 300 attendees hear a the message that the delegates hope to come back “with the message that Zion (a Jewish homeland in Palestine) had become a fact.”

    1918: Solomon Sufrin is scheduled to speak at “a special convention of the Federation of Rumanian Jews of America” being held at the University Settlement on Eldridge Street.

    1920: One of two dates in FSB archives for the death of Alexander Dubrovin, the founder of the anti-Semitic journal Russkoye Znamya who helped organized “the pogroms of the Black Hundreds.”

    1921: In Tulsa, OK, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Friedman gave birth to Staley Friedman the author of Martin Buber: The Life of Dialogue which “marked the first effort to explain and popularize the humanistic and religious concepts Martin Buber.” (As reported by Paul Vitello)

    1927: Following its premiere performance last night Alexander Tansman’s “Second Concerto for piano and orchestra was performed again tonight in Boston.

    1929: Birthdate of Feigele Peltel who as Vladka Meed used her flawless Polish and Aryan good looks to smuggle pistols, gasoline for firebombs and even dynamite to the Jewish fighters inside the Warsaw Ghetto, and who after the war became an impassioned leader in the national effort to educate children about the Holocaust (As reported by Joseph Berger)

    1922(10th of Tevet, 5683): Asara B'Tevet

    1922(10th of Tevet, 5683): The Chief Rabbi of Alexandria, Rodolfo Compagnano, passed away.

    1923: Birthdate of Shlomo Venezia, the native of Thessaloniki, Greece who survived Auschwitz and wrote Inside the Gas Chambers: Eight Months in the Sonderkommando at Auschwitz.

    1924(2ndof Tevet, 5685): 8th and last day of Chanukah

    1924: In Boston, real estate agent “Frederick Yankelovich and the former Sadie Mostow” gave birth to pollster Daniel Yankelovich. (As reported by Robert D. McFadden)

    1928: Der Oytser (The Treasure), a play in Yiddish by Sholom Aleichem directed by Aleksei Dikiy premiered today.

    1928(16th of Tevet, 5689): Eight year old German born Leopold Stern, a philanthropist and Republican Party activist “known as the dean of diamond importers in America” passed away today.

    1928: “The fourth national labor convention for Palestine held under the auspices of the national labor committee for the Organized Jewish Workers in Palestine opened tonight in New York.  Abraham Shiplacoff, chairman of the national committee gave the welcoming address to the five hundred delegates.  Among the visitors was David Bloch, Mayor of Tel Aviv and Israel Merminsky general secretary of the Palestine Federation both of whom have been visiting the United States for the last ten days.

    1929: In Warsaw, Rabbi Brachya Lieberman, a notable Gerrer Hasid and wife gave birth of Rabbi Simcha Binem Lieberman who survived the Warsaw Ghetto uprising as well as Treblinka, Dachau and Theresienstadt.

    1929: Roger W. Straus addressed the Chicago Conference of Temple Brotherhoods at their Chanukah Dinner which was being held at the Palmer House Hotel.  Mr. Straus, a New Yorker, is the son of the late Oscar S. Straus and President of the National Federal of Temple Brotherhoods which, has 22,000 members.  In his speech, Mr. Straus connected the meritorious service of many members in the World War with the valor of the Maccabees in issuing a call to show the same kind of dedication in combating “the corrosive, brutal theory of materialism and thereby to serve again our religion, our country and humanity.”

    1929: Lt. Governor Herbert H. Lehman of New York, Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson of Pittsburgh, Joshua Kantrowitz, Ben Altenheimer and Jean Wise are scheduled to address the Third Annual Chanukah Dinner sponsored by the Metropolitan Conference of Temple Brotherhoods which is being held at the Astor Hotel in New York City.

    1930: In Cleveland, Ohio, Bernard Gottesman, an insurgent agent born in Hungary and his wife the former Virginia Weitzner gave birth to Irving Isadore Gottesman “a pioneer in the field of behavioral genetics whose work on the role of heredity in schizophrenia helped transform the way people thought about the origins of serious mental illness.” (As reported by Erica Goode)

    1931:The first Hebrew-language feature-film "Oded Hanoded" - "Oded the Wanderer", directed by Chaim Halahmi, premiered in Tel Aviv.

    1933: “Flying Down to Rio,” featuring a score by Max Steiner and songs by Gus Kahn was released in the United States.

    1934: Birthdate of Brooklyn native and Phi Beta Kappa graduate Roberta Karpel who after marrying Robert Silman gained fame as award winning author Roberta Silman.

    1935(3rdof Tevet, 5696): The widow of Barond Edmond James de Rothschild, Adelheid (known as Adélaïde) passed away today, 12 months after the Baron had died.

    1936: At a dinner at the Hotel Astor, the national service award of the Phi Epsilon Fraternity “consisting of a scroll and a check for $100” was given to Rabbi Stephen S. Wise for being the man “who has made during the year the most distinctive contribution to the creative life of the Jewish people.”

    1936: While testifying today before the Peel Commission Moshe Shetrok cited a well-known letter from Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald to Dr. Chaim Weizmann promising Jews “a proportionate share of employment on public work in Palestine” in connection “with his allegation that the Palestine government does discriminate against Jews in public works including the railways, ports and civil services where a virtual Arab monopoly has been created.

    1937: William Dodd completed his term as U.S. Ambassador to Germany.  Dodd was the first U.S. Ambassador appointed to serve as after Hitler came to power. (For more see, In the Garden of Beasts by Erik Larson)

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that the General Council for Palestine Jews (Va'ad Leumi) decreed that in view of certain developments, the council was the sole body authorized to reach an agreement with the Arabs.

    1937: The British press reported that the Foreign Office had become increasingly alarmed at the extent of Arab and Moslem opposition to Palestine's partition. It had not yet decided whether to appoint a new Palestine Commission, expected to implement the plan, as agreed upon with the Mandatory Commission of the League of Nations.

    1937: Heavy fines and prison sentences were imposed on German Jews, accused of illegal ritual slaughtering practices.

    1938: “In Hell’s Kitchen,” Irving Sperling, “a jewelry salesman” and “Cecile (Shavitz) Sperling gave birth to “convicted drug dealer” Herbert Sperling.  (As reported by Sam Roberts)

    1938: In Berlin, “officials at the Ministry of Finance would neither confirm nor deny the report” “that the 20 per cent capital levy” imposed on the Jews “as a fine for the assassination of Ernest von Rath…is to be increased to 30 per cent.”

    1939: “Destry Rides Again” produced by Joe Pasternak and featuring Mischa Auer “as Boris Callahan, the henpecked Russian” was released in the United States today.

    1939: U.S. premiere of “The Hunchback of Notre Dame produced by Pandro S. Berman with a script by Sonya Levien and Bruno Frank and music by Alfred Newman.

    1939: “Balalaika” a movie version of the English musical directed by Reinhold Schunzel and produced by Lawrence Weingarten was released in the United States today.

    1940(29thof Kislev, 5701): Fifth day of Chanukah

    1940(29thof Kislev, 5701): Forty six year old Dov Hoz the native of Orsha who was one of the founders of the Haganah and the “founder and CEO of Aviron was killed in an automobile accident today.

    1941(9th of Tevet, 5702): Tullio Levi-Civita passed away.  Born in 1873, Levin-Civita was an Italian mathematician who was one of the founders of absolute differential calculus (tensor analysis) which had applications to the theory of relativity. In 1887, he published a famous paper in which he developed the calculus of tensors. In 1900 he published, jointly with Ricci, the theory of tensors Méthodes de calcul differential absolu et leures applications in a form which was used by Einstein 15 years later. Weyl also used Levi-Civita's ideas to produce a unified theory of gravitation and electromagnetism. In addition to the important contributions his work made in the theory of relativity, Levi-Civita produced a series of papers treating elegantly the problem of a static gravitational field.  On September 5, 1938 the Racial Laws were passed in Italy which excluded all those of Jewish background from universities, schools, academies and other institutions. Levi-Civita was dismissed from his professorship, forced to leave the editorial board of Zentralblatt für Mathematik, and prevented from attending the Fifth International Congress of Applied Mechanics in the United States. He wrote to a former student in May 1939 “I live as a retired person and I do not move; except in summer, however, if my personal conditions allow me to move. As you maybe know, Jews have been completely expelled from Italian cultural life; in particular, I will not participate in the "Volta Congress" and will not be in Rome in September”.In the last years of his life, in spite of his moral and physical depression, Levi-Civita remained faithful to the ideal of scientific internationalism and helped colleagues and students who were victims of anti-Semitism; thanks to him, many of them found positions in South America or in the United States.

    1941(9th of Tevet, 5702): A Jewish physician from Prague, Czechoslovakia, Dr. Karol Boetim dies of spotted typhus while treating patients at a Gypsy camp near the Lódz (Poland) Ghetto.

    1942: Today Jan Komski and three comrades, Mieczyslaw Januszewski, Boleslaw Kuczbara, and Otto Küsel, participated in one of the most famous escapes in the history of that infamous camp. This escape was significant because it was among the first to be organized by the illegal camp resistance movement, and with the help of the local population. “In the morning of Dec 29, 1942, a two wheel cart drawn by two horses passed the gate at Auschwitz in the afternoon. It carried Kuczbara, dressed in a stolen SS uniform. Alongside walked three inmates, seemingly being escorted by the SS-man. They aroused no suspicion as Otto Küsel was known to all the Blockführers (SS Block Commanders). When they reached the check point at the border of the big sentry chain, Kuczbara showed the guards a cleverly forged pass. His uniform and the pass convinced them to allow the cart and the prisoners through. The men simply walked out of the camp. They made it to the village of Broszkowice where they met a resistance woman who gave them civilian clothes. They spent the night at the home of Andrzej Harat, who actually rented the apartment above them to an SS officer.  Mr. Komski eventually reached the city of Krakow, where he was arrested in a routine roundup as he was sitting on a train awaiting departure for Warsaw. Any escaped prisoner would have been hanged very soon after his return to Auschwitz. But, Komski was not recognized and his identity papers now bore a different name.”

    1944: As he attempted to negotiate a life-saving deal with the Nazis, Rudolf Kastner found himself trapped in Vienna and unable to return to Budapest – a situation that would not change until March of 1945.

    1945(25thof Tevet, 5706): Parashat Shemot

    1945 (25thof Tevet, 5706): Seventy-three year old University of Pennsylvania trained lawyer Samuel W. Salus, the member of both houses of the state legislature and Republican Party leader who was the husband of Ada R. Salus, the father of Arthurs S. Salus and the grandfather of Samuel W. Salus II passed away today.

    1945:Just before dawn today British Sixth Airborne Division troops threw a cordon around Ramat Gan a town of 10,000 and searched every part of it, looking for terrorists who blew up police and military installations in near-by Tel Aviv and Jaffa Thursday night.  Authorities arrested more than 800 men between the ages of 16 and 40 making this the largest action of its kind in Palestine.

    1946: In Palestine, Major Paddy Brett and three non-commissioned officers serving in the British Army were flogged by attackers alleged to have been members of the Irgun.

    1947: Five Jewish doctors driving back to Jerusalem from Hadassah Hospital came under attack from Arab gunman. The doctors found sanctuary with a nearby Jewish family while their attackers burned their car. 

    1947: "The 29th of November", a ship filled with "illegal" Jewish immigrants, was driven off the coast of Eretz Israel by the British.  The ship was named in honor of the date when the U.N. approved the partition resolution that effectively created the Jewish state of Israel.

    1947: Two ships with 7,000 immigrants are boarded by British forces before they can reach the coast of Palestine. The Jewish Agency wants to avoid confrontation with the British, knowing that immigration will open on 1 February 1948. Ben Gurion gives orders that there has to be no resistance.

    1947(16th of Tevet, 5708): Moshe Rembach, a Jew who had been working for Barclays Bank since it opened in 1918, was shot and killed by Arab gunman at the entrance to bank.

    1948(27thof Kislev, 5709) Third day of Chanukah

    1948(27thof Kislev, 5709): Seventy year old British composer Harry Farjeon whose father was Jewish but whose mother was not passed away today.

    1948: It was reported today that Dr. Edwin J. Cohn of the Harvard Medical School has been chosen to deliver the 1949 Julius Stieglitz Memorial Lecture at the University of Chicago.

    1948: Israeli troops pushed deep into the Sinai and established a base at Abu Ageila, 20 miles west of the border between Egypt and Israel.

    1948: As Israeli forces finally were driving out the Egyptian invaders, the United Nations called for a cease fire between the Jewish state and the Arab aggressor in the Negev.

    1948: Israel responded to the UN call for a ceasefire in the Negev by saying it will continue fighting until Egypt agrees to peace talks while the British government, in a move that shows its pro-Arab and anti-Jewish bias, insists that Israel accept the UN call for an immediate ceasefire.

    1948: Ralph Bunche urges the Palestine Conciliation Committee to begin its work.

    1949: After premiering in October, “The Reckless Moment” directed by Max Ophüls and produced by Walter Wanger was released throughout the United States today.

    1950: In New York Melanie (Shroder) and Polish-born violinist Roman Totenberg gave birth to Judge Amy Totenberg.

    1952(11th of Tevet, 5713):  Beryl Rubinstein composer and piano virtuoso passed away at the age of 54.  A native of Athens, Georgia, Rubinstein was the son of a rabbi.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel protested to the West on its intensified supply of arms to the Arab states. Britain offered to sell jet planes to Israel, and in an equal number to each separate Arab state, and this would obviously give the combined Arab forces great superiority.

    1952(11thof Tevet, 5713): “Yiddishist” Smuel Leshtsinski passed away today after being in an automobile accident in New York.

    1953: Yosef Serflin replaced Yosef Sapir as Minister of Health

    1953: Yosef Sapir replaced Yosef Serline as Minister of Transportation

    1954: In New York, premiere of “Animal Farm” with music by Mátyás Seiber.

    1955: Barbra Streisand makes her first recording, "You'll Never Know" at age 13

    1955: In a speech to the Supreme Soviet, Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev condemns Israel as a tool of imperialist states used to threaten its Arab neighbors.

    1956: Birthdate of Yehudit Ravitz, the native of Beersheba who “is one of the most successful and famous Israeli rock musicians, with a career spanning over thirty years.”

    1957: Singer Steve Lawrence, born Sydney Liebowitz in Brooklyn, married fellow entertainer Eydie Gormé. He was Jewish.  She was not.

    1957: In Piscataway, NJ, physicist Norman Rudnick and his wife Selma gave birth to multi-talented writer Paul M. Rucnick whose first play was “Poor Little Lambs.”

    1959(28thof Kislev, 5720): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1959: Bari-Ilan University Holds First Commencement Services published today describes the baccalaureate activities at one of Israel’s newest institutions of higher education.

    1960: The Israeli cabinet appointed a full committee “to examine the possibility of settlement in the northeastern Negev desert and the Arad area.”

    1961: Having divorce her in 1959, today Billy Rose remarried Joyce Mathews.

    1961: Jerry Herman’s off-Broadway musical “Madame Aphrodite” opened at the Orpheum Theatre.

    1965: After premiering in Tokyo, “Thunderball,” four film in the James Bond series featuring Leonard Sachs was released today in the United Kingdom.

    1965(6thof Tevet, 5726): Ninety five year old Avraham Shapira, the husband of Liba Rochel Shapira passed away today in Petah Tikva,

    1965(6thof Tevet, 5726): Seventy-two year old German born biographer and novelist Dr. Manford George who arrived in New York as penniless refugee and resuscitated his career as the editor of Aufbau, a German weekly, passed away today.

    1966: Elliot Gould and Barbra Streisand gave birth to actor Jason Gould.

    1967: Birthdate of Evan Seinfeld actor, director and heavy metal bassist in the bands Biohazard and Damnocracy

    1968: Israeli commandos destroyed 13 Lebanese airplanes.

    1969: NBC broadcast the 16th episode of Melville Shavelson’s “My World…and Welcome to it.”

    1971: After premiering in the UK in November, “Straw Dogs” starring Hoffman, produced by Daniel Melncik and with a screenplay by David Zelag Goodman was released in the United States today.

    1971:  Birthdate of Jay Fiedler, quarterback for the Philadelphia Eagles.

    1973: Birthdate of baseball executive Theo Epstein.

    1973: An apparent terrorist plot was foiled when authorities detained two Arabs at the airport in London.

    1973: While Prime Minister Golda Meir was not averse to some form of territorial compromise to gain peace with the Arabs, she said today that Israel would not descend from the Golan, will not partition Jerusalem and will not allow the distance from Natanya to the border be a mere 18 kilometers.

    1974: “Soviet Jewish physicist and activist Alexander Voronel arrived in Israel.”

    1976: Howard Metzenbaum began serving his second, non-consecutive term of office a U.S. Senator from Ohio.

     1977:The Jerusalem Post reported that the Knesset endorsed the peace plan, as drafted by Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and presented to the US and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, by 64 to eight votes with 40 abstentions. More than 1,000 settlers from the administered territories protested against the plan outside the Knesset's gates.

    1977: Poland was reported to be seeking to renew relations with Israel that had been severed during the 1967 war.

    1980: Refusnik Yona Kolchinsky was scheduled to be called up for service in the Soviet army.

    1980(22ndof Tevet, 5741): Eighty-one year old Nadezhda Mandelstam the Russian writer and widow of Osip Mandelstam passed away today.

    1981(3rdof Tevet, 5742): Seventy-one year old Milton H. Mostel, the brother of Zero Mostel passed away today.

    1982(13th of Tevet, 5743):  Movie producer Sol. C. Siegel passed away.  His cinematic productions included “High Society,” “No Way to Treat A Lady” and “Alvarez Kelly.”

    1983(23rd of Tevet, 5744): Seventy-three year old Morris N. Kertzer who had served as a rabbi at congregations in the Bronx and Larchmont passed away today. (As reported by Ari L. Goldman)

    1985: “The Jew Who Spied for the Nazis” published today provided a review of Arrows of the Almighty:The Most Extraordinary True Spy Story of World War II by Michael Bar-Zohar which tells “the tragic true story of Paul Ernst Fackenheim

    1985: HBO’S “Head Office,” a comedy directed and written by Ken Finkelman and co-starring Rick Moranis was released today in the United States.

    1986: Eighty-one year old actress Grete Moseheim who went to England after the rise of Hitler because her father, Markus Mosheim was Jewish passed away today in New York.

    1988:William Andreas Brown, the U.S. Ambassador to Israel, presented his credentials today.

    1989(1stof Tevet, 5750): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Seventh Day of Chanukah

    1992:The Southwestern Bell Corporation and Clal Industries of Israel will jointly bid for control of Israel's national telephone company, Clal said today.

    1993:Yuval Goldan was stabbed today by a terrorist near Adarim in the Hebron area.


    1993: “Ghost in the Machine” a sci-fi horror film produced by Wesleyan University grad Paul Schiff, the Bethesda born son of Charlotte and Edward Schiff was released today in the United States.


    1993: The last edition of Hadashot was published today.

    1995(6th of Tevet, 5756): Composer Shlomo Yoffe died in Beit-Alpha.

    1995: The family of Yigal Amir, the man who murdered Prime Minister Rabin celebrated the wedding of Vardit Amir and Yithak Cohen in Tel Aviv.

    1996(19th of Tevet, 5757): Seventy-five year old Leonard “Lenny” Rader, who played basketball at LIU with his “twin brother Howard before going on to play professionally passed away today.

    1997(30th of Kislev, 5758) Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1998(10th of Tevet, 5759): Asara B'Tevet

    1999: “The Hurricane” boxing biopic co-starring Live Schreiber was released today in the United States.

    1999: In an op-ed article in the Wall Street Journal,Ira Stoll criticized a speech Rabbi Yitz Greenberg gave last November at the United Jewish Communities’ General Assembly in Chicago.

    2002: The New York Times featured books reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about subjects of Jewish interest including the paperback edition of Middle Age: A Romance, by Joyce Carol Oates

    2003: Russian Interior Ministry and FSB units seized 4,376 copies of Blowing up Russia: Terror from within printed in Latvia and purchased by Alexander Podrabinek's Prima information agency, which had passed customs control and were being trucked from Latvia to Moscow for retail delivery

    2004(17th of Tevet, 5765): Chemist Julius Axelrod passed away.  Axelrod was a co-winner of the Noble Prize for Chemistry in 1970.

    2004: In “Putting a Still-Vexed Play in a Historical Context” published today A.O. Scott examines “The Merchant of Venice” and its most famous character, Shylock.

    2004: “The Merchant of Venice” directed by Michael Radford who “believed that Shylock was Shakespeare's first great tragic hero” and which “begins with text and a montage of how the Jewish community is abused by the Christian population” was released today in the United States 3 weeks after opening in the United Kingdom.

    2005: A suicide bomber detonated an explosive device at an IDF checkpoint on the West Bank. An IDF soldier and two Palestinians were killed in addition to the bomber.

    2005: Alice Loeb, daughter of Ernst Loeb and wife of John Strugnell passed away today in Grasse, France, two days after celebrating her 85th birthday.

    2005(28th of Kislev, 5766): Day 4 of Chanukah

    2005(28th of Kislev, 5766): Ninety five year old architect Armand P Bartos passed away today.



    2006: The Jewish Daily Forward, featured a review of Jewish Ireland in the Age of Joyce: A Socioeconomic Historyby Cormac Ó. Gráda.  “Gráda’s new economic chronicle, “traces the history of the Jews in Ireland from 1079, when they first arrived, up until the present day. The book’s main focus is the Jewish community from the 1870s through the 1940s, roughly during the Ulysses author’s lifetime. While much has been written about the Jewishness of James Joyce’s Leopold Bloom, one of the most famous characters in all of literature, few know anything about the remarkable community in Ireland that inspired Joyce to create him.”

    2007: The Chicago Tribunefeatures a review of People of the Book, Geraldine Brook’s new novel that follows the tortuous path of the Sarajevo Haggadah.

    2007: The Chicago Tribunereported that the 47,000 square foot property housing Streit’s, the last matzo factory on the New York’s Lower East Side, is going on the marked for $25 million in part of the city that is becoming increasingly gentrified.  The factory will keep producing matzo until the owners build a new one in about a year, probably in New Jersey.

    2008: In “Anatomy of a Scam,” Time magazine offers a pictograph description of a Ponzi scheme as it reports that “…Bernard Madoff was arrested for allegedly bilking investors out of up to $50 billion in a Ponzi scheme described as one of history’s largest swindles.”

    2008: “The U.S. Treasury gave GMAC of which Jacob Ezra Merkin served as the Non-executive Chairman of GMAC $5 billion from its $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).”

    2008:The stars of the hit Broadway musical “Irving Berlin’s White Christmas” – Stephen Bogardus, Kerry O’Malley, Jeffry Denman & Meredith Patterson ring The Closing Bell at the NYSE in celebration of the holiday season.  “Irving Berlin’s ‘White Christmas,’” a new musical stage reinvention of the classic film, is now playing a limited engagement on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre.

    2008(2nd of Tevet, 5769): Eighth Day of Chanukah

    2008:A bottle of flammable liquid was hurled at Temple Sholom one of Chicago's oldest synagogues. The building caught fire but did not suffer “major damage.”

    2008 (2 Tevet 5769): Irit Shitrit, a 36 year old mother of four who had sought shelter in a bus station was killed by a rocket in downtown Ashdod.  Her sister was one of eight other civilians injured in the attack.

    2008 (2 Tevet 5769): First Staff Sgt. Lutfi Nasraldin, 38, from the Israeli Druze village of Daliyat al-Karmel was killed when two mortar shells landed in the brigade headquarters near Nachal Oz.

    2008 (2nd of Tevet 5769) :Hani al Mahdi a 27-year-old construction worker, from the Bedouin village of Aroer was killed when a Palestinian Grad missile exploded near a construction site in the coastal town of Ashkelon.

    2009: In Jerusalem, Yellow Submarine (Tzolelet Tzehubah)hosts Elan Bar Lavi, the Mexican/Jerusalemite guitarist, back in Israel after an American and Mexican tour.

    2009: Opening session of International Conference on Conservative Judaism: Halakhah, Culture and Sociology at The Van Leer Jerusalem Institute.

    2009: Israel’s Supreme Court ruled today that a major access highway to Jerusalem running through the occupied West Bank could no longer be closed to most Palestinian traffic. In a 2-1 decision, the court said that the military had overstepped its authority when in 2002, at the height of the second Palestinian uprising, it closed the road to non-Israeli cars. The justices gave the military five months to come up with another means of ensuring the security of Israelis that permitted broad Palestinian use of the road.

    2009: “The New Israeli Foundation for Cinema & TV announced today special funding to devlop scripts based on the stories of Shalom Aleichem.”

    2009(12th of Tevet. 5770): Eighty-three year old journalist Janina (née Lewinson) Bauman, the wife of  “socialist and philosopher Zygmunt Bauman” passed away toay.

    2009: Mathieu “Schneider was waived by the Vancouver Canucks” today.

    2009(12th of Tevet, 5770): Eighty-three year old “David Levine, whose macro-headed, somberly expressive, astringently probing and hardly ever flattering caricatures of intellectuals and athletes, politicians and potentates were the visual trademark of The New York Review of Books for nearly half a century, died today in Manhattan.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2010(22 Tevet): In the yearbook of the Meisel Synagogue in Prague, the 22nd of Tevet is designated as the date on which to commemorate the escape of Yosef Thein from the gallows in the Hebrew year 5383 (1622).

    2010: “Judaism and Social Justice: What Can We Contribute to the Discourse in the Age of Globalization?” and “Brotherly Love: Joseph Revisited,” a session that will use close reading techniques to explore the opening of Vayeshev (Genesis 37) and gain a deeper appreciation of the complexity of the text and its surprising insights into the story of Joseph and his brothers, are two of the programs scheduled to be presented at today’s meeting of the Limmud Conference.

    2010: Perez Hilton broke the news earlier today that not only is Natalie Portman who starred in “Black Swan” along with three other Jewish actresses all playing ballerinas (Mila Kunis, Winona Ryder and Barbara Hershey), now engaged to marry her choreographer from “Black Swan,” but that she is also pregnant. For those wondering about Millepied's ethnic origins, he is French, but not Jewish.

    2010(22nd of Tevet, 5771):Rabbi Menachem Zeev “Wolf” Greenglass, a Chabad kabbalist and educator who exchanged hundreds of letters over the years with the Lubavitcher rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, died in Montreal today at the age of 94. Greenglass was a founder of the Rabbinical College of Canada in Montreal after escaping Europe during the Holocaust, and taught there for decades. He gave his final lecture on the Chabad philosophical treatise Tanya in 2007. Greenglass was born in Lodz, Poland, to parents who followed the Alexander Chasidic dynasty. In Poland, Greenglass became close to Rabbi Zalman Schneersohn, a descendant of the first Lubavitcher rebbe, and then enrolled in the Otwock Lubavitch yeshiva, where he met Menachem Mendel Schneersohn, the son-in-law of the then current Lubavitcher rebbe. When World War II broke out, Greenglass headed for Vilna and was among those who received later transit visas from the Japanese consul Chiune Sugihara, who saved thousands of Jews. Greenglass crossed Russia by rail, went by boat to Japan from Vladivostok and then to Shanghai before reaching Canada. Once there, Chabad tasked him to open schools, including Montreal's Beth Rivkah Girls School, and work with Jewish children in the Montreal public schools. During that time, Greenglass continued a correspondence with Schneersohn, who had become Chabad's rebbe, and who wrote to him in 1954 that "without an intellectual appreciation for the truth … one cannot expect a student to always be in total acceptance." Greenglass also maintained a lengthy correspondence with the Jerusalem mystic Rabbi Yeshaya Asher Zelig Margaliot.

    2010: Liverpool marked the death of Avi Cohen with a period of applause before their Premier League match against Wolverhampton Wanderers. Cohen had been declared legally dead the day before after being involved in fatal motorcycle accident

    2010: Leah Berkenwald published her “Top 10 Moments for Jewish Women in 2010”

    2011: Those viewing tonight’s scheduled screening of Stanley Kubrick’s 1968 sci-fi creation, 2001: A Space Odyssey at the San Francisco MOMA will find their viewing experience enhanced if they wear the Dreidel Vission Goggles available at the Jewish Museum for a mere $3.00

    2011: Rav Gav is scheduled to appear at Greek Themed International night sponsored by  HipJLM (Heneni International Programs: Jerusalem).

    2011: Mrs. Raize Guttman is scheduled to present “Challah for a Kallah,” an interactive Challah class which will cover everything from the hashkafa to the halacha of baking challah as well as learning how to make new and interesting challah shapes.

    2011:Na'ama Margolese an 8-year-old girl who became the symbol of a recent public struggle against gender segregation and religious extremism returned to school today, for the first time since a violent incident that sparked a nation-wide protest movement.

    2011:Israel's population stands at 7.836 million, the Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS) indicated today as part of its year-end survey. According to the ICBS report, Jews comprise 75.3 percent of the country's population, with 5.901 million people, with Arab citizens making up another 20.5 percent, or 1.610 million. Another 4.2 percent of Israel's population, some 325,000 people, is comprised by non-Arab Christians and those whom the Interior Ministry doesn't classified by religion. The survey also indicated that 2011 saw a 1.8 percent increase in Israel's population – 141,000 people – a rate comparable to the figures of the last decade. In Israel, 166,800 new babies were born throughout the course of the year, and about 17,500 new immigrants arrived at the country.

    2012: The Rishonim String Quartet is scheduled to perform at the Eden-Tamir Music Center.

    2012: “I Wish” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2012: The Millinery Center Synagogue is scheduled to host a Kumzitz Melaveh Malka featuring Singer Songwriter Dov Shurin along with Kabalistic Insights in Judaism with Reb Yitzchak Ring

    2012(16th of Tevet, 5773): On the final Shabbat of 2012, Jews read Vayehi, the final parsha of Bereshit.

    2012: After reports were made public today by the PA that there had been nine deaths due to the swine flu,  “a spokesman for the Israeli health ministry said officials were monitoring the situation in the West Bank, but so far are not taking any action.”

    2012: It was reported today that “Ron Dermer, an adviser to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, is set to replace Michael Oren as Israel’s ambassador to the United States, an Israeli newspaper reported.”

    2013: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil by Paul Bloom and Correspondences: A Poem and Portraits by Anne Michaels and Bernice Eisenstein.

    2013: In the Bronx, the Sholem-Aleichem Cultural Center is schedule to host a “Yiddish Event.”

    2013: “Like Father, Like Son” and “Brokeback Mountain” are scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: At least five Katyusha rockets were fired from Lebanon at northern Israel. Two of the rockets fired this morning exploded near the northern town of Kiryat Shemona; others reportedly landed in Lebanese territory. No injuries or damage were reported in Israel. The Israeli military returned fire in the direction of the rocket launches. (As reported by JTA and Forwards)

    2013: “In Week 17 of the 2013 NFL season, Julian Edelman became the third Patriots player in team history to catch over 100 passes in a season today in the Patriots' 34–20 win over the Buffalo Bills

    2013: Immigration from France and other Western European countries was up dramatically in 2013, but immigration from the US was down, according to figures released today by the Jewish Agency for Israel.(As reported by Gavriel Fiske)

    2014: The Palestinians are scheduled to submit their UN Security Council statehood resolution to a vote today.

    2014: “The Farewell Party” and “Boyhood” are scheduled to shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2014: Marc Trestman, the only Jewish head coach in the NFL was fired today after two seasons.

    2014: “Aryeh Deri of the Shas party offered his resignation to the ultra-Orthodox party’s steering council of rabbis today, a day after the publication of footage of the party’s late former spiritual leader criticizing Deri and praising his arch-rival Eli Yishai, the former leader of the party.” (As reported by Stuart Winer and Tamar Pileggi

    2014: An Egyptian court today ban an annual festival in honor of Yaakov Abu Hatzira a Morrocan rabbi whose tomb is in the Nile Delta province of Beheira, south of Alexandria.”

    2014: Yuri Kissin, “who immigrated to Israel from Russia in 1990 and is a graduate of Tel Aviv University” is scheduled to sing the title role when the Jerusalem Opera performs “Figaro” today.

    2015(17thof Tevet, 5776): Forty-two year old Neil Gandler, “a Jewish tech entrepreneur who lived out of rental cars’ was shot and killed today by two burglars “while sleeping in a rented car in a gym parking lot during a failed robbery attempt.

    2015: The Israel Air Force Flight Academy Air Show/Graduation and Airshow/Misdar Knafaim (Wings Ceremony) is scheduled to take place today at the Chatzeirim Air Force Base near Beer Sheva. 

    2015: In Jerusalem, Rabbi Fabian Schonfeld is scheduled to speak on “Wherefore Art Thou Modern Orthodoxy?”

    2016(29thof Kislev, 5777): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    2016: YNY is scheduled to come to an end with an “amazing Student Concert.”

    2016: In Little Rock, AR, Governor Hutchinson is scheduled to “deliver Chanukah greetings a the Public Menorah Lighting sponsored by Chabad Lubavitch.

    2016: “Operation Wedding” is scheduled to be screened with “The Chop,” the winner of the Pears Short Film Fund at UKJF at JW3, the Jewish Community Centre London.

    2016: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host its New Year’s Klezmer Concert this evening.

    2016: Citing “high prices as one reason for the lack of success in Israel,” “Gottex Brands, also known as Zara Group Israel, which holds the GAP franchise in Israel” announced today that it “will shut down its seven stores in Israel in 2017.”

    2016: In Memphis, TN, Temple Israel is scheduled to host Shabbat Chanukah services followed by a special congregational dinner.

    2017: The Exhibition “1917: How One Year Changed The World” which has opened in New York at the American Jewish Historical Society on September 1 is scheduled to come to a close today. (As reported by Julia Klein)

    2017:  Today, in a game against the Arizona Coyotes, Zach Hyman scored the fifth shorthanded goal of his career, which is the third most by a Leafs player in their first three NHL seasons.”

    2017: In Jerusalem, Jodi and Gavin Samuels are scheduled to host a Shabbat Dinner that will include a presentation by “guest speaker, Michael Bassin.”

    2018: In Rochester, NY, the JCC CenterStage Theatre is scheduled to present a performance of “Big Wigs.”

    2018: After having arrived yesterday on his first ever official to the country, Prime Minister is scheduled to spend Shabbat in Brazil today.

    2018: In Washington, DC, Theatre J is scheduled to present “Talley’s Folly,” a “Pulitzer Prize-winning comedy” about Matt Friedman, a “middle-aged Jewish accountant.

    2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum is scheduled to a “Survivor Talk” by George Levy Mueller.

    2018(21stof Tevet, 5779): Parashat Shemot - As the secular world prepares to celebrate a New Year, Jews begin reading “a new” book of the Torah as they start with Shemot.  For more see





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    December 30

    39: A black day on the Jewish calendar; birthdate of Roman Emperor Titus the man who destroyed the Second Temple. The Arch of Titus commemorates the exile of the Israelites.

    987: Coronation of Robert II, who “conspired with is vassals to destroy all the Jews who would not accept baptism” and inspired mob violence against the Jews including “the learned Rabbi Senior”

    1066((9 Tevet 4827): Joseph ibn Nagrela, son of Samuel ibn Nagrela, was murdered in Granada during the Granada Massacre. He had served as vizier to Badis, ruler of the Berbers. There had been constant tension between the Berbers and the Arab population. Joseph attempted to ease the conflict between the two camps and prevent excesses against the local Arabs. His enemies included Abu Ishak, Berber advisor to the prince, who accused him of trying to cede the city to a neighboring prince. Badis ordered Joseph killed and crucified. In the ensuing massacre of the Jewish population, 1,500 families were killed, including Joseph's wife and son. A few years later, Jews were readmitted to Granada and reassumed high offices.

    1066(9thof Tevet, 4827): In what is called the 1066 Granada Massacre an untold number of Jews in this part of Muslim-ruled al-Andalus were murdered by a Islamist mob.

    1066(9th of Tevet, 4827): Joseph ibn Naghrela, the eldest son of Rabbi Sh'muel ha-Nagid and vizier to the King of Granada, was crucified by an Arab mob

    1299: The City of Damascus, except for its Citadel began it surrender to the forces of Mahmud Ghazan who had converted to Islam in 1295 marking the start of a downgrading of the conditions of the Jews in Persia because they were forced back into the role of “dhimmis” – official second class citizens.

    1576: After spending four and one half years in prison, Fray Luis De Leon, a converso descendant was released. As a scholar of Hebrew at the University of Salamanca, he was punished by the Inquisition for translating the Song of Songs (Solomon) from Latin into Spanish.

    1596(9thof Tevet, 5357):  Menachem Rapoport (Menachem Abraham ben Jacob Ha-Kohen) passed away. Known as Rappa, this Italian rabbi witnessed “the burning of the Talmud pursuant to the papal bull of 1553” and was the author of several works including “Zofnat Pa’neach.”

    1665: Sabbetai Zvi, the famous or infamous "False Messiah" departed for Constantinople

    1669: Based on a case involving “the kahal of Brest and some Russian priests of Brest, “it appears that the latter caused much damage to the Jews of Brest, and that during the religious processions riots took place in which Jewish property was stolen and Jews were murdered or wounded by priests as well as by others.” Jews had been living in Brest-Litvosk since the 14th century and although their fortunes had fallen to a new low during the Cossack Uprising, in 1669, life was improving since King Michael Wisniowieck re-confirmed the privileges previously enjoyed by the Jews which allowed them to own property and engage freely in commercial activity.

    1673: Birthdate of Ahmed III the sultan who appointed Judah ben Samuel Rosanes as chief rabbi of hakam bashi of the Ottoman Empire.

    1695:Based on the diploma on display at the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem, today is the day on which Dr. Coppilia Pictor graduated from Medical School in Padua. He was the first doctor in Bochum, Germany

    1673: Birthdate of Ahmed III, the Ottoman Sultan who signed the peace treaty of Passarowitz between Austria and Turkey in 1718. According to the treaty, “Jews who were Turkish subjects were permitted to live and trade freely in Austria. Their position was thus more favorable than that of Jews who were Austrian subjects. In 1736, Diego d'*Aguilar founded the "Turkish community" in Vienna.

    1792(15th of Tevet, 5553): Abraham Samuel Covo, the Chief Rabbi of Salonica passed away.

    1792: The day after she had passed away, 64 year old Eve Josephs was buried today at the “Alderney Road (Globe Road) Jewish Cemetery.

    1812: Joshua Lyon Phillips married Elizabeth Harris at the Great Synagogue today.

    1814: Birthdate of Barbara Elizabeth Gluck the native of Vienna who wrote her poetry under the name of “Betty Paoli.”

    1829: Berton Gottheimer married Julia Zachariah today.

    1832: At Donaldsonville, LA, Joseph Marks married Eliza Hyams, the daughter of Samuel Hyams of Charleston, SC.

    1836: Birthdate of David Castelli, the native of Leghorn who became “an Italian scholar and educator in the field of secular Jewish studies” before passing away at Florence in 1901.

    1850: Horatio Simon Samuel married Henrietta Montefiore at the Great Synagogue today.

    1854: In Siroka, Hungary, Leon Faber and his wife gave birth to Maurice Faber, who was the rabbi at B’nai Zion in Titusville, PA for ten years where he also taught German language and literature at the local high school before serving as rabbi at B’nai Israel in Keokuk, IA and finally filling the pulpit at Congregation Beth-El in Tyler, TX.

    1851:Horace Greely delivered a lecture tonight at the Philomathean Society of Brooklyn on "The World's Fair and Its Lessons"  based on his visit to the Crystal Palace where the display of "Jerusalem, in her lonely humiliation, best typifies the Hebrew state and race."

    1855: In Sikora,Hungary, Leon Faber and his wife gave birth to Maurice Faber who served as Rabbi of Congregation B'nai Zion, Titusville, Pa., for ten years, and of Congregation B'nai Israel, Keokuk, Iowa, for two years and finally of Congregation Beth-El in Tyler, TX, Congregation B'nai Israel, Keokuk, Iowa, and Congregation Beth-El, Tyler, TX.

    1855(21stof Tevet, 5616): Seventy-six year old German Jewish banker Samuel Bleichröder the father of Gerson von Bleichröder and Julius Bleichröder passed away today.

    1856: Phillip Soman married Harriet Salkin today.

    1857(13th of Tevet, 5618): Fourth Yahrtzeit of Judah Touro.

    1861: Two days after he had passed away, 62 year old Joseph Moseley “of King Street Commercial Road” was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1862: Based on information supplied by the Associated Press several newspapers carried stories about General Order11 including on that used the headline “Expulsion of Jews from General Grant’s Department – The Circumstances Stated and the Documents Quoted”

    1863: Leopold Kompert was fined as a result of a suit “brought against him by the clerical anti-Semite Sebastian Brunner for libeling the Jewish religion.”

    1864(1stof Tevet, 5625): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Seventh day of Chanukah; for the first time in three years, the eighth candle of Chanukah is kindled in a Savanah, GA that is back in Union hands.

    1865: Birthdate of English writer, Rudyard Kipling. In “How not to be a stranger in a strange land” David Mamet wrote “My favorite poet was a Jewish man from Krakow, Rudolph Klepsteen. He wrote under the name of Rudyard Kipling, and his most famous poem is called “If.” It begins: “If you can keep your head while those around you are losing theirs and blaming it on you, if you can trust yourself when all men doubt you.” He was writing, as he always did, about the Jewish experience.”  This runs contrary to the standard biography that says Kipling was born in India.  The death of his son in World War I had a profound effect on Kipling who became a very active member the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.  The man who wrote of “the white man’s burden” was particularly concerned that dead Jewish soldiers, as well as other non-Christians including Hindus and Muslims troops “were remembered in ways suitable and compatible with their religion and culture.” He also wrote a poem entitled “The Burden of Jerusalem” that begins:

    “In ancient days

         and deserts wild

    There rose a feud –

         still unsubdued –

    'Twixt Sarah's son

         and Hagar's child

    That centered round Jerusalem.”

    1867: In Philadelphia, PA, Meyer Guggenheim and Barbara Guggenheim gave birth to John Simon Guggenheim, “the director and member of the Executive Committee of the American Smelting and Refining Company, the husband of Olga Hirsh and the father of John and George Guggenheim who served as a U.S. Senator from Colorado.

    1868: Birthdate of Philip Passon, the native of Russia who moved to Brooklyn where he was active in the Federation of Jewish Charities and served as director of the Machzike Talmud Torah.

    1869:  Birthdate of Belgian political leader, Adolphe Max.

    1871: The annual report on deaths in New York published today reported that only one person had passed away at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

    1871: George Cruikshank, the illustrator who created the Copper plate engraving “Fagin in his cell” “published a letter in The Times which claimed credit for much of the plot of Oliver Twist” a work that helped create the image of Charles Dickens as an anti-Semite.

    1873: Birthdate of Al Smith, 4-term Governor of New York and the first Catholic to run for President of the United States.  Smith enjoyed a great of deal support among New York’s immigrant Jewish population. He served on the commission that investigated the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire and championed laws to improve working conditions; a position that would have made very popular with the thousands of Jewish workers employed in the garment industry. Belle Moskowtiz was long-time political advisor to Smith and managed his 1928 Presidential campaign.  Smith gave Robert Moses his big chance in New York State government allowing him to reorganize the state’s government on a basis fitting the 20thcentury.  Smith’s 1928 campaign actually created the coalition that would lead to major Democratic victories over the next couple of years.  Jews were a major component of that coalition and it ultimately gave them political influence that they had been sorely lacking.

    1875(2nd of Tevet, 5636): 8th and final day of Chanukah

    1878: It was today that last “Saturday was the anniversary of the feast of dedication as commemorated by the Jewish race; that is to say, the anniversary of the resuscitation of Jewish worship in the temple at Jerusalem, after the long interruption of the Assyrian conquest and the renewed (but brief) autonomy of the Jewish nationality, after one of the severest military struggles, waged by the Maccabees, recounted in ancient history.” (The NYT would not be the first, nor will it be the last, to confuse the Syrians with the Assyrians.)

    1879: An article published today that traced the history of the hospitals of New York City, reported that when Mt. Sinai Hospital opened in 1852 with the support of the Jewish community, it was the third hospital founded by a religious group.  During the 1840’s the Episcopalians had founded St. Luke’s and the Catholics had founded St, Vincent’s.

    1880:  Birthdate of Alfred Einstein. The German-born American musicologist and critic was a nephew of Albert Einstein.  He passed away in 1952.

    1880: In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, “Samuel Hirch…brought suit” today “against Rabbi Isaac Moses, the editor of a Jewish newspaper…for slander claiming $5,000 damages” because Rabbi Moses had described Mr. Hirsch as liar and a thief in his publication.

    1880: Ernst Henrici, the “co-initiator of the so-called Anti-Semite Petition” delivered a speech at “Bock Assembly” espousing his “anti-capitalist, anti-liberal and anti-conservative agenda.”

    1882: “Help for the Hospitals” published today provided a description of various New York City health institutions including Mt. Sinai Hospital which was originally created for the use of the Jews of New York City, but now serves patients regardless of “race, creed or nationality” and also maintains a system of “charity beds” to serve the city’s needy.

    1882: Rachel and Morris L. Kramer gave birth to Hyman S. Kramer the younger brother of Beckie Kramer.

    1886: “A Bar But No Barroom” published today included Charles Goldstein response to complaints by members of St. Ann’s Roman Catholic Church to his receiving a license to sell liquor at Webster Hall which is a block away from the church.  Goldstein said that no objections were raised before or after the foundation was laid for the building last August. Webster Hall is a building designed to host various Jewish social events including weddings.  Liquor would not be sold until 8:30 or nine in the evening.  (Considering the popular image connecting certain groups of Catholics with the consumption of alcohol, one must wonder what the real motive for the late-blooming objections was)

    1886: It was reported today that a ukase issued during the reign of Czar Nicholas compelling “resident German Jews to hold certificates as merchants of the first guild” has been revived in Poland.  The certificates cost seven rubles.  Since few of the Jewish merchants can afford the certificates, they will be forced to leave.

    1888: Among the charitable institutions receiving money from city is the Hebrew Benevolent Society of the City of New York was got a payment of $60,000.

    1888: The Seligman Solomon Society sponsored evening of entertainment at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

    1889: It was reported today the Jesse Seligman, Henry Rice and Julian Nathan were among the dignitaries who attended the recent evening of entertainment held in the chapel of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum

    1889(7thof Tevet, 5650): Thirty-three year old Myer Silberman, a jeweler from Poland, apparently took his own life today while “alone in his room at 5 Orchard Street.”

    1889: It was reported today that Philip J. Joachimsen, the Chairman of Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society Advisory is “confined to his home by illness” which made it impossible for him to take part in the events honoring state Senator Jacob A. Cantor and Assemblyman Joseph Blumenthal.

    1891(29thof Kislev, 5652): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1891: “The Siege of Yemen” published today described 10 week siege of Yemenite town by an Arab army whose leader declared he would convert the Jews of Yemen to Islam “or extirpate them.” (That is a fancy way for saying “wipe them out.”)

    1892: Benjamin Kossman transferred to the Company D of the Sixth Cavalry in the U.S. Army.

    1892: Cornelius Herz, the English born American and French trained physician who worked to develop uses for electricity is in London, where he may stay for some time as France deals with the Panama Scandal.

    1892: Birthdate of Yonkers NY, native and Dickinson College trained attorney, Joseph Altman a powerful figure in New Jersey politics which led to his serving six terms as the Mayor of Atlantic City while raising his son Michael with his wife Lillian.

    1892: “No Mercy for the Jews” published today described reports “from St. Petersburg and other parts of Russia which show that the persecution of the Jews and the inhumanity of the Czar’s officals toward that unhappy race are greater than ever before” as can be seen by the issuance of “six edicts…aiming to disperse the Jewish subjects…weaken their position in the trading centers and crush out their religion.

    1892: As of today it is reported that many of the 20,000 Jews who have been converted to Orthodox Christianity since 1891 have been deported to Tcherkesovo, five miles from Moscow where they can be watch priests of the Russian Orthodox Church.

    1892: It is reported that “many of the Jewish tradesmen and artisans who have been driven from Moscow” have gone to Lodz, a city in Poland which, thanks to their efforts “is fast become and an important manufacturing center.”

    1893: As the economic crisis worsens, “the plan” for supplying bread, coal, tea and other necessities to the poor advocated by and financed by Nathan Straus “will be put in operation today.”  Mr. Koppel, a nephew of Mr. Strauss will oversee the daily operation.

    1893(21stof Tevet, 5654): Seventy-one year old Italian poetess and translator “of medieval Hebrew poems and original Italian verses in Jewish” Eugenia Pavia-Gentilomo-Fortis passed away today in Asolo.

    1893: Russia signed a military accord with France.  This treaty ended France's political isolation that dated from the Franco Prussian War.  This meant that the next time France faced Germany, she would have any ally.  The treaty also undid the alliance of the three emperors (Germany, Russia and Austro-Hungry). This treaty was part of the web of treaties that would create an aura of inevitability at the outbreak of World War I.  World War I marked the beginning of the most catastrophic period in the history of European Jewry. Yes, it helps to understand the history of the world when studying Jewish History.

    1894: Herzl published a long and detailed article in the Neue Freie Presse summing up the major events of the preceding year in France. The Dreyfus trial is not mentioned in the summary.

    1894: Three days after he had passed away, “Edward Phineas Sanguinetti” the son of Isaac Sanguinetti and Harriet Nathan was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1894: “The Dreyfus Scandal and the Growth of French Anti-Semitism” published today described the growing power of General Mercier “who scored a distinct personal triumph…in the conviction of Captain Dreyfus” as well as the quadrupling of the circulation of Drumont’s Libre Parole which makes a specialty of anti-Semitic violence and which along with “Rocherfort’sIntransigeant are preaching…nothing less than the wholesale massacre of the Jews.”

    1897: The Relief Committee of the Board of Guardians is scheduled to meet this afternoon in London.

    1897: Oscar S. Straus, President of the American Jewish Historical Society presided over the last session of its annual meeting which was held today in the Assembly Room of New York’s Temple Emanu-El.  The secretary of the society, Dr. Cyrus Adler, reported a proposed amendment to the constitution on behalf of the Executive Council that would increase the number of Vice Presidents from 3 to 4 and suggesting that Herbert B. Adams fill the newly created position.  The amendment and recommendation were adopted.

    1900: Adalbert Epstein and Emma Epstein gave birth to Friedrich “Fritz” Epstein

    1902:Herzl considers the possibility of using the waters of the Nile as a means of irrigating the wilderness lands of the Sinai Peninsula.

    1905(2ndof Tevet, 5666): Parshat Miketz; 8th day of Chanukah

    1905: “The Great Work Ended” published today described the impact of the publication of the twelfth and final Volume of the Jewish Encyclopedia, “easily the largest work yet recorded of American constructive authorship.”

    1905: Governor General Doubassoff sent a telegram to the government today that he had “prevented several thousand ‘loyaltists’ from marching into Moscow for the purposed of attacking the strikers, revolutionists and Jews.”

    1905: Birthdate of philosopher Emmanuel Levinas.

    1909: Jacob Rogovin and the former Dora Shainhouse, who operated a dry goods business, in the Bay Ridge section of Brooklyn, gave birth to Milton Rogovin, an optometrist and persecuted leftist who took up photography as a way to champion the underprivileged and went on to become one of America’s most dedicated social documentarians. (As reported by Benjamin Genocchio)

    1911: In Brooklyn, NY, Jacob Brenner was “appointed Sheriff’s Counsel” today.

    1912: “The Firefly,” an operetta sponsored by Arthur Hammerstein that had premiered on Broadway at the Lyric Theatre moved to the Casino Theatre today where it ran for a total of 120 performances.

    1912: In a two-column letter to The Times, Dr. Max Nordau, President of the Tenth Zionist Congress “points out the opportunity presented by the impending partition of the Turkish Empire for the earnest consideration by European diplomacy of the Zionist scheme for the resettlement of the Jews in Palestine.”

    1914: Dr. William S. Friedman, the rabbi at Temple Emanu-El in Denver, “likens the persecution of Leo Frank to the persecution of Mendel Bellis in Russia” and “predicted that when the nations now engaged in the European war have finished the struggle they will turn their attention to the Jews to make him the scapegoat.”

    1914: “Shows Jews’ Sufferings” published today described how Oliver Bachrach wore a yoke built of ash, tore his air and “broke an earthen post…as did the patriarch in the time of old in token of great stress of mind” all of which he used to demonstrate the sense of suffering that he was trying to convey in his address about Jewish suffering.

    1914: The Sixth Annual Convention of Pi Tau Pi Fraternity, led by President Herbert Frank of St. Louis MO, came to an end today in Cincinnati, Ohio.

    1914: Austrian born, American architect Rudolph Michael Schinlder met Frank Lloyd Wright for the first time today.

    1914: Today’s list contributors to the American Jewish Relief Committee for Suffers from the War included the Cohn Raincoat, Co, the West St. Paul Congregation, Chattanooga Relief Committee and Davidson Bros & Co of Sioux City, Iowa.

    1914: At Rochester, NY, “in an address tonight before about 1,000 delegates to the Jewish Chautauqua Convention Dr. Leon Harrison of St. Louis said that regardless of Leo Frank’s guilt or innocence, he is “certain that Leo Frank has not received the fundamental right to which every American citizen under arrest is entitled – a fair trial.”

    1915: The Treasurer’s Report of the American Jewish Relief Committee released tonight showed that the total contributions had reached $965.886.25; $755,000 of which was in cash and $210,886.25 in pledges.  Today’s largest contribution in the amount of $5,000 came from Henry P. Goldschmidt.  Felix Warburg is the committee’s treasurer.

    1915: “In a letter addressed to Benedict XV,” the American Jewish Committee asked the Pope to “help he Jewish cause by using “his influence with the Roman Catholic Poles” – a request that “was not a success” and which Italian Jews said “created in Italy an impression bordering on the ridiculous.

    1915: Oscar S. Straus, Chairman of the Clothing Appeal Committee of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, issued a New Year’s appeal today for clothing and shoes for the destitute” people living in war-torn Belgium and Northern France.  [Straus, a leading member of the Jewish community, also played a prominent role in the civic and charitable endeavors of the general community.]

    1916: Today, “the Women’s Proclamation Committee” which is “the national women’s organization” collecting funds for Jewish relief led by its President, Mrs. Samuel Elkes “received a draft for $1,000” from its St Louis branch which had held a fund raising bazar on December 11.

    1917: At Temple Beth-El, Dr. Samuel Schulman is scheduled to speak on “Losses and Gains of 1917.”

    1917: At Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Wise is scheduled to deliver a sermon at the Free Synagogue on “Has Israel’s Hour Come At Last?”

    1917: Dr. Alexander Lyons of Brooklyn is scheduled to speak on “Can We Still Believe?” at Temple Emanu-El.

    1917: Felix M. Warburg, the Chairman of the Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies announced today that on Sunday, January 6, 1918,  a campaign would being with the goal of raising more than four a half million dollars “for the support of Jewish charities in New York City, many of which face large deficits for 1918.”

    1917: Dr. Pierre A. Siegelstein presided over the second annual convention of the American Union of Rumanian Jews at the Park Avenue Hotel where T. Tileston Wells Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Rumanian Relief Committee said that “as an ally of the United States in the World War” Rumania “assuredly pay deference to the feelings of Americans with regard to the emancipation of the Jews.”

    1917: Among the contributions reported today to have been received by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering the War including $320 from Rabbi Moses S. Margolis, $100 from the Sons of Israel of Frostburg, MD, $500 from the Columbus, Ohio Committee and $100 from Centreville, Iowa.

    1918: It was reported today that James Haines, the Chairman of the Zionist Society of Engineers, has announced “that in the near future the Society will send several engineers to Palestine to make a survey of the natural resources of the country.”

    1921: Two days after he had passed away, Myer David Levine, the husband of Shulla Freeman with whom he had had three children – Flora, Leah and Jacob Solomon – was buried today at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery” in Northern Ireland.

    1923: Philip Guedalla, the well-known English author and Liberal leader, was elected President of the Federation of English Zionists today. (As reported by JTA)

    1925: U.S. premiere of “Ben Hur” the silent screen version of the novel by the same name produced by Louis B. Mayer and featuring Carmel Myers as Iras, “the Egyptian vamp.”

    1927: Birthdate of P.R. specialist Charles J. “Charlie” Brtoman whose “career” as the public address announcer for the Presidential Inaugural Parade began with Eisenhower and was end by Donald Trump.

    1928: Birthdate  of Yehuda Haffner, the native of Manchester England who gained as Yehuda Avner “personal secretary and speechwriter to Israeli Prime Ministers Menachem Begin, Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres, Golda Meir and Levi Eshkol, and as Israeli Ambassador to Australia and the United Kingdom.”

    1928: The National Labor Committee hosted a reception in honor of Mayor David Block of Tel Aviv and the other members of the Palestine Labor Delegation including Miss Goldie Meyerson (who as Golda Meir would become Prime Minister of Israel) this evening at the Manhattan Opera House. Violinist Max Rosen and Metropolitan Opera soprano Nanette Guilford make their first joint appearance as part of the evening’s entertainment.

    1928: A debate is held at Yeshiva College where teams from the Hebrew Theological College of Chicago and the Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary take opposing sides on “Resolved: The Cultural Restoration of Judaism depends upon the Restoration of Palestine.”

    1928: Birthdate of Lawrence Haffner, the native of Manchester England who gained fame as Yehuda Avner the Israel diplomat, confidant of Prime Minister and author.

    1930: “Five Star” a play about journalism written by Louis Weitzenkorn opened on Broadway at the Cort Theatre.

    1930(10th of Tevet, 5691): Asara B'Tevet

    1932: “Frisco Jenny” featuring Harold Huber as “George Weaver” was released today in the United States.

    1932: U.S. premiere of “Back Street” the film treatment of the novel by Fannie Hurst directed by John M. Stahl, produced by Carl Laemmle, Jr with a script co-authored by Ben Hecht and filmed by cinematographer Karl Fruend

    1935(4th of Tevet, 5696): Seventy-five year old Rufus Isaacs, the son of a fruit merchant who rose from being a ship’s boy, to a barrister to a leadership role in the Liberal Party that included serving as Viceroy of Indian and Foreign Secretary passed away today.

    1935: In Brooklyn, NY,Evelyn (née Lichtenstein) and Jack Braun, gave birth to Sanford Braun, the stepson of Irving Koufax who gained fame the great southpaw pitcher Sandy Koufax.

    1935: “Magnificent Obsession” a movie version of the novel by the same name produced and directed by John M. Stahl and music by Franz Waxman was released today in the United States.

    1935: Birthdate of Isaiah Sheffer, the native New Yorker who created “Symphony Space, a vibrant, eclectic institution known for its broadcasts of actors reading short stories…” (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    1936: In Manhattan, publicist Benjamin Sonnenberg and his wife gave birth to  Benjamin “Ben” Sonnenberg, Jr. whose whims and myriad enthusiasms made Grand Street, the quarterly he founded in 1981, one of the most revered literary magazines of the postwar era. (As reported by William Grimes)

    1936: The newly-organized Palestine Symphony Orchestra is heard on the air for the first time today when a concert under the direction of Arturo Toscanini is broadcast over WJZ’s network from 2:50 to 3:40 pm.  The seventy piece orchestra is broadcasting from Exhibition Hall in Tel Aviv.

    1936: At today’s session of the Peel Commission Jewish leaders including Beryl Katznenellenson, editor of the Jewish labor daily Davar and Miss Goldie Myerson, “denounced the government as ‘unfriendly, begrudging Jewish efforts, unmindful of the mandate and its purpose and negligent eve in fulfilling plain civic functions.”

    1936: The Peel Commission interviewed Dov Hos a Russian born senior member of the General Federation of Jewish Labour who had been sentenced to death by the Turks for defending the Jews of Galilee and who had fought with the British during World War I.  During his testimony Hos told the commissioners that where the Jews established hospitals and schools, the British government is being relieved of the responsibility and expense of creating and operating them.  Commissioner Rumbold responded to these comments by angrily defending the Mandate government and referring to the Jews as “an alien race.” Hos responded that Jews were not an “alien race but a children returning to their country, to the country where they lived or to a country where they are going to have their home.”

    1936: Members of the Peel Commission “attended a concert which attested to the new Jewish life in Jerusalem.” In what was described as the most important musical experience in its history, “ancient Jerusalem came alive musically.”

    1937: The Palestine Post reported from London that the British government decided to publish a White Paper containing instructions for the new Palestine Commission which was to be empowered to plan on how to implement and if necessary to modify the Peel plan for the country's partition.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that the Jewish settlement of Atarot and police patrols at Tulkarm and on the Nablus-Jenin road came under heavy Arab fire, but there were no reports of casualties.

    1937:  Birthdate of Paul Stookey.  Stookey is “Paul” in the folk trio, Peter, Paul & Mary. He is the non-Jewish member of the famous trio.

    1937: “Tovarich,” produced and directed by Anatole Litvakm featuring Fritz Feld and with music by Max Steiner was released today in the United States.

    1937: The first edition of Botwin a Yiddish newspaper started by the 2nd Palafox Battalion, a Jewish company serving with the Polish Dombrowski Brigade during the Spanish Civil War was published today.

    1938(8thof Tevet, 5699): Seventy-six year old Max Rabinovich, the Vice President of the Grand Forks Building and Loan Association and in 1930 the “honorary chairman of the North Dakota Allied Jewish Campaign” who was the “husband of Pearl Harstein” and father of Anna and Joseph Rabinovich passed away today.

    1938: In an article in his newspaper, the Courrier Royal,“the Count of Paris, the heir to the pretender of the French throne, “condemned anti-Semitism” saying “that is certainly exaggerated to speak of a Jewish peril in France as it concerns the French Jews who become part of the French community” but said “foreign Jews are another matter.”

    1939(18thof Tevet, 5700): Parashat Shemot; Starting the second book of the Torah on the last Shabbat of the year and of the decade.

    1939(18thof Tevet, 5700): Fifty year old Charles Bear Mintz, the producer of cartoon and short subjects, two of which, “Holiday Land” and “The Little Match Girl” were nominated for Oscars passed a way today.

    1939: U.S. premiere of “Of Mice and Men” directed and produced by Lewis Milestone with music by Aaron Copland.

    1939: The riverboat Uranus reached the Iron Gates gorge in Romania, on the Yugoslavian border, with 1210 fugitive Jews from Vienna, Austria, and Prague, Czechoslovakia. The boat's journey was halted after Great Britain, holder of the Mandate on Palestine, protested to the Yugoslavian government.

    1940: Birthdate of James Burrows, son of Abe Burrows and director of television hits including’ Taxi,''''Cheers,'' and ''Will and Grace.''“He also presided over one of the most Jewish moments in television. In a medium in which Jewish characters rarely do anything Jewish, let alone marry within the faith (Valerie Harper as Rhoda Morgenstern in Rhoda and Paul Reiser as Paul Buchman in “Mad About You” are just two examples — and don’t even mention Seinfeld), Grace Adler (Debra Messing) of “Will & Grace,” not only was married by a rabbi under a chupah, but got hitched to a Jewish doctor. That was Leo Markus played by Harry Connick Jr. Certainly, Jewishness has increasingly factored into Burrows’ life. Both his parents were Jewish but not observant. But his first wife was a Conservative Jew and “made him get back on the bus.” He had a bar mitzvah at 47, prompting one of his producing partners, Les Charles, to say: “You’re the first Jew I know who was a bar mitzvah at 47 and bald at 13.”He is what he calls a once-a-year Jew, attending shul for Yom Kippur. But he still gathers with his daughters every Friday evening “to light the candles, have a challah and say a bracha.”

    1940: Birthdate of Barbara Johnson, the native of Marshfield, Wisconsin, the wife of William Peyser “Bill Jacobson and the mother of Michael Peyster Jacobson and Stacy Ann Jacobson.

    1940: Adopted birthdate for Karkow native Zoshia Zavatski who gained fame as fashion model and actress Gila Golan, the wife of Matthew “Matty” Rosenhaus with whom she three children – Sarita, Hedy and Loretta.

    1941(10th of Tevet, 5702): Asara B'Tevet

    1941(10th of Tevet, 5702):: Lazar Markovich Lissitzky, the Soviet artist, designer, photographer, teacher, typographer, and architect, better known as El Lissitzky, passed away. For examples of his art see:

    1942: Pope Pius XII told an American representative that he regarded the atrocity stories about Jews as exaggerations "for the purposes of propaganda."

    1943: The keel for the SS. Sigman, a U.S. Navy liberty ship, was laid today. A Russian immigrant, Morris Sigman was active in the labor movement and was president of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

    1943: Birthdate of Sir John Andrew Likierman, the Dean of the London School of Business.

    1945: Mrs. William Prince President of the Women’s League for Palestine announced today that work has been started on an addition to the League’s home for immigrant girls in Tel Aviv

    1945: Birthdate of director and actor Lloyd Kaufman.

    1945: The New York Times reported that in their hunt for the Jews thought to be responsible for Thursday night’s violence in Palestine airborne troops surrounded the town of Ramat Gan, near Tel Aviv and took more than 800 men into custody for questioning.

    1947: Birthdate of historian Michael Burns the author of Dreyfus: A Family Affair, 1789-1945, France and the Dreyfus Affair: A Documentary History and Rural Societyand French Politics: Boulangism and the Dreyfus Affair” 1888-1900.  

    1947(17thof Tevet, 5708):  Forty Jewish workers were killed by Arabs at the Haifa refineries

    1947: A bus carrying hospital workers to Mount Scopus came under attack at the same place where Jewish doctors had been attacked the day before.  Fourteen of the Hadassah Hospital workers were wounded. 

    1947: Arab gun men attacked a group of Jews as they began to bury ten of their murdered co-religionists at the Jewish Cemetery on the Mount of Olives. British policemen accompanying the burial party carried on a gun fight with the attackers.  One policeman and one Jew from the Burial Society were killed.  The ten people who were to have been buried and the two new fatalities were put back on a bus and returned to Jerusalem.

    1947: The Dora Trial came to an end today when the following verdicts were handed down: Death by hanging, Hans Moser; Life imprisonment – Erhard Brauny, Otto Brinkmann, Emil Buhring, Ruldof Jacobi, Josef Kilian, George Konig, Wilhelm Simon; 20 years imprisonment – Willi Zwiener; 20 years imprisonemtn Arthur Adra, Oskar Helbig, Richard Walenta; 7 years – Heinrich Detmers; 5 years – Walter Ulbricht, Paul Maischein

    1948(28thof Kislev, 5709): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1948: Israeli armor and infantry captured the airfield south of El Arish and moved to capture the town itself.

    1948: The original Broadway production of “Kiss Me Kate” with a book written by Samuel and Bella Spewack which earned them two Tony Awards.

    1948: During Operation Horev, the Harel brigade moved further west into the Sinai Peninsula.

    1948: The British government took an active role on the side of the Arabs in the Israel War for Independence.  The British issued an ultimatum to Israel that unless it withdrew from the Sinai it would employ force to force the Israeli’s to leave. 

    1948: John McElroy and wingman Jack Doyle (in White 24) each shot down a MC.205V that had been strafing Israeli troops near the REAF Bir Hama air base, killing the two Egyptian pilots

    1949(10th of Tevet, 5710): Asara B’Tevet

    1949: “The Inspector General” a musical comedy directed by Henry Koster, produced by Jerry Wald and Sylvia fine, written by Harry Kurnitz and Ben Hecht and starring Danny Kaye was released today in the United States.

    1949: In New York, “real estate mogul Abraham Hirschfeld” and Zipora Teicher Hirschfeld gave birth to Brown University grad and long-distance runner Elie Hirschfeld who followed in his father’s footsteps and then branched out into theatrical production, art collecdtion and philanthropy.

    1950: “At War with the Army” a musical comedy starring Jerry Lewis and Polly Bergen and featuring Mike Kellin was released in the United States today.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the US offered "no comment" on Israel's serious warning on Western arms sales to the Arab states. Britain denied that its arms sales to the Arab states contravened the joint March 25, 1950, US-Franco-British declaration of principles on the maintenance of peace in the Middle East. The Women's Labor Bill, which banned women from dangerous employment and offered special maternity privileges, passed the first reading in the Knesset.

    1952: “The Bad and the Beautiful” a Hollywood film about Hollywood starring Kirk Douglas premiered today in Los Angeles.

    1953(24th of Tevet, 5714): Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler the Russian born Orthodox rabbi and Talmudist and son of Mussar movement leader Reuven Dov Dessler, whose words of wisdom included “When you have a true ambition for something, you will not give up hope. Giving up hope is a sign that you are lacking ambition to achieve that goal!” passed away today.

    1954: “House of Flowers is a musical by Harold Arlen opened on Broadway at the Alvin Theatre and played for 165 performances.’

    1957(2ndof Tevet, 5718): 8th Day of Chanukah

    1957(2ndof Tevet, 5718): Eighty-six year old Kovno native Morris Turitz, the founder of “the New York Linen Supply Company and co-founder of both The Jewish Daily Forward and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies passed away today.

    1957: The Israeli government of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigned.

    1959(29th of Kislev, 5720): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1960(11th of Tevet, 5721): Seventy-five year old Ángelo Donati, “the Jewish Schindler” passed away today.

    1960: A group of Israeli university professors signed and published a public letter denouncing Prime Minister David Ben Gurion.

    1965(7th of Tevet, 5726): Seventy-two year old Manfred George the German born Jewish journalist who came to the United States in 1939 where he “became the editor of Aufbau, a periodical published in German, and transformed it from a small monthly newsletter into an important weekly newspaper, especially during World War II and the postwar era, when it became an important source of information for Jews trying to establish new lives and for Nazi concentration camp survivors to find each other” passed away today.

    1965: Birthdate of Heidi Fleiss convicted prostitute and Madame.  Her doctor father is an opponent of circumcision, a rather strange position for a Jew to take.

    1966(17thof Tevet, 5727): Seventy-seven year old Warsaw born and University of London alum Aaron Glanz-Leyeless the Yiddish journalist, poet, playwright and author whose works included the play “Shlomo Molcho and the award-wining A Jew at Sea and who had married “the former Sophia Kupfer” after his first wife “the former Fannie Wolynsky” had passed away died today “at the Hillcrest General Hospital.”

    1966: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today for Dr. Bela Fabian the exiled Hungarian leader who opposed the fascist regime of Admiral Nicholas Horthy whose marriage to Ilona Schwarz Fabian in 1924 at “the Dohany Temple in Budapest, the world's largest synagogue, with a ca­pacity of 20,000, in was described as not only a wedding ceremony but a demonstration against antidemocratic and antiSemitic rightists.”

    1966(17thof Tevet, 5727): Sixty-one year old Piero Scacerdoti, the general manager of Riunione Adriatica di Sicurtà passed away today in Saint Moritz.

    1968(28thof Kislev, 5728): 4th day of Chanukah

    1968(28thof Kislev, 5728): Thirty-eight year old song writer and record producer Bertrand “Bert” Russell Berns passed away today.

    1968: Trygve Lie passed away.  Born in Norway in 1896, Trygve Lie was the first United Nations Secretary General.  In that position he headed the U.N. at the time of creation of state of Israel.  His support was critical in the birth of the Jewish state and the successful conclusion of the War for Independence.

    1969:While living in Stretford, Greater Manchester, Karen Kay gave birth to twin boys, Jason and David, a few weeks after birth David died. Jason (Jason Kay) was born Jason Cheetham.

    1969: Birthdate of Jason Kay, best known by his stage name Jay Kay. He “is Grammy Award winning English musician from the band Jamiroquai.”

    1960: Danielle Kahn and modernist architect Isi Metzstein gave fir to Scottish film director Saul Metzstein.

    1963: President Johnson and Ladybird Johnson were photographed standing with Jim Novy, one of the mainstays of Agudas Achim in Austin, TX.

    1973: The New York Times featured a review of Selected Poems a collection of the poems of Jewish poet Joseph Brodsky.

    1974(16thof Tevet, 5735): Seventy-year old, Sid Terris, one of the leading “lightweight” boxers of the 1920’s passed away today.

    1977: A frustrated Moshe Dayan told Israeli television that if Sadat insisted on an Israeli agreement to “return” all Arab lands and recognize Palestinian sovereignty as pre-conditions to peace negotiations than the peace process is finished.  For the next six months there is virtually no progress in talks between Egypt and Israel.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that President Anwar Sadat of Egypt said that he was "disappointed" that US President Jimmy Carter lauded Prime Minister Menachem Begin as flexible. This, Sadat said, "will delay peace."

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that two persons were killed and another two injured by a bomb explosion in Rehov Shoham in Netanya.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported Ephraim Katzir, Israel¹s fourth president, declined a second term of office.

    1978: Roger and Hammerstein’s “King & I" closed after 719 performances at the Uris Theater in New York City.

    1979(10th of Tevet, 5740): Asara B'Tevet

    1979(10th of Tevet, 5740): Composer Richard Rodgers passed away at the age of 77.

    1983: Birthdate of Santa Monic native Ashley Zuckerman, the Australian raised actor “best known for playing Dr. Charlie Isaacs on WGN America's Manhattan”

    1983: In “Three Decades of Chaim Soutine Paintings” Grace Glueck provides a brief history of the late French expressionist painter and a description of his works now appearing at the Galleri Bellman.

    1984(6thof Tevet, 5745): Eighty-four year old exotic food importer Max H. Ries who operated a textile factory in Munich until 1939, passed away today

    1987: Two people were injured by a letter bomb in Or Yehuda.

    1987: Terrorists were thwarted today in Israel when 10 letter bombs were discovered and disarmed without injury.

    1988(22nd of Tevet, 5749): Yuli Markovich Daniel Soviet dissident writer, poet, translator, political prisoner and gulag survivor passed away.

    1989: In “Pursue Peace, Not Just Elections,” Abba Eban, the former Foreign Minister of Israel, described what he sees as the next steps to be taken on the road to a Middle East settlement: 

    In January, the U.S. Secretary of State and the Israeli and Egyptian foreign ministers will meet in Washington to discuss how to form a Palestinian delegation to meet with Israel. If all goes well, these ministers, along with the Palestinians agreed upon in Washington, will all meet in Cairo to discuss procedures for holding West Bank and Gaza elections to choose representatives to negotiate with Israel for interim self-government.Since Israel refuses to deal with the Palestine Liberation Organization, the U.S. will probably tell Israel that the Palestinian delegation in Cairo is dissociated from the P.L.O. But this tactic would not convince others, who would regard them as well-defined P.L.O. partisans. It is still not certain that West Bank and Gaza elections will be held. The reason is that the U.S. and Egypt disagree with Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir's view that the P.L.O. cannot have any role, direct or indirect, in the peace process. But Mr. Shamir, after all, initiated the idea of the elections, so it is urgent to hold them and to break out of procedural debates. Free, democratic elections would enable the Palestinians to say what they like, display their emblems, celebrate their leaders and assemble peacefully. This would be a positive change in the present situation in the territories. Elections, however important, are not the basic peace issues. Those issues are the status of the West Bank and Gaza, the distribution of sovereignty or control in those territories, the location of Israel's secure boundaries and the structural relationship among Israelis, Jordanians and Palestinians in a permanent settlement. None of these issues is even remotely addressed in ''the only game in town,'' as the U.S. has described the elections. In preoccupying itself exclusively with elections, the U.S. is sidetracking the considerable Israeli and Arab opinion that is ready to think about central peace problems. U.S. officials tell us there has been no ''ripening'' of conditions for discussing peace, security, boundaries and constitutional structure. Contrary to conventional wisdom, our region has never been as ripe as it is today for large visions and hard facts. Israel's political parties, media and think-tanks are reflecting deeply on new possibilities, including confederative and community structures that could accommodate Palestinian freedom without risk to Israeli security. The leading Israeli institute of strategic studies (at Tel Aviv University), headed by mainsteam defense experts, has formulated the far-reaching principle that ''Israeli security can be maintained through continued military deployment but without physical control over all the territories and all of the Palestinian inhabitants.'' Israeli polls report majorities for territorial compromise and the principle of dialogue with whomever the Palestinians appoint. This is a promising prospect, because there is now a pragmatic school in Palestinian mainstream thinking. Eastern Europe's uprising strengthens the principle that every people is entitled to representatives of its own choice. Acceptance of this doctrine could bring the Middle East out of anachronism into the spirit of the age. Besides, the Soviet Union has never been more ready than now to oppose extremism and to cooperate in stabilizing the Middle East. The case for discussing the major problems now is strengthened by international experience, which instructs us that it is just as difficult to get agreements on small steps as it would be on central issues. Nothing is gained by procrastination. In the meantime, the U.S. should publicly clarify its own conclusions on the crucial issue of Palestinian representation in the peace process. Does the U.S. truly believe it is feasible to produce an Israeli-Palestinian dialogue in total dissociation from the P.L.O.? If so, it should give its evidence for that belief.Or does it conclude, together with all the rest of the world, that this is not feasible? In that case, it should state its finding openly. This would galvanize Israel and the other parties to seek pragmatic decisions on their home grounds. The death of illusion is a necessary prelude to the birth of realism.

    1991(23rdof Tevet, 5752): Ninety-one year old New York dermatologist Samuel M. Peck. (As reported by Wolfgang Saxon)

    1991(23rdof Tevet, 5752): Eighty-six year old New York State Supreme Court Justice Mitchell D. Schweitzer passed away today. (As reported by Wolfgang Saxon)

    1992: “Ice Cream King Takes Another Dip” published today described the creation of Haagen-Dazs by Reuben Mattus.

    1992: “Delta Heat” a cop movie set in New Orleans produced by Uri Harkham and filmed by cinematographer Avraham Karpick was released in the United States.

    1993: Israel and the Vatican agreed to recognize one another.

    1993(16th of Tevet, 5754): “Superagent” [Irving Paul] "Swifty" Lazar passed away at the age of 86.

    1991(23rd of Tevet, 5752: Eighty-six year old Judge Mitchell D. Schweitzer passed away today.


    1993:Israel's Foreign Minister said today that Israel and the P.L.O. had concluded their latest round of talks with a "meeting of the minds," but there was no breakthrough and significant differences remained. The two sides, still trying to work out the details of the accord that they signed in Washington in September and that was supposed to have gone into effect two weeks ago, reached what an Israeli official described as "a set of understandings" on how to carry out the first phase -- an Israeli withdrawal from the occupied Gaza Strip and the West Bank town of Jericho.

    1993: Roni Milo resigned from the Knesset so he can concentrate on his role as mayor of Tel Aviv.

    1995: In reviewing the events that flickered across our television screen, Walter Goodman described 1995 as being a year of “Emotional Overload and Emotional Lift.”  As an example of this he wrote that “The shock at the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, Israel's Prime Minister was to some extent alleviated by the immediate surge of revulsion, expressed on television both in the United States and in Israel, over violent political language as well as acts of violence. At the widely covered funeral, the tributes of so many heads of state were heartening, with the pictures of an obviously moved King Hussein of Jordan carrying special force. Even amid the anxiety over the future, it was a historic and consoling moment: an Arab leader showing personal sorrow for the death of an Israeli leader.”

    1996: Proposed budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu spark protests from 250,000 workers who shut down services across Israel.

    1997(2ndof Tevet, 5758): 8th& final day of Chanukah

    1997: “Legends of Yiddish Stage Brought To Life” published today described Fyvush Finkel’s homage to the world of theatrical Yiddish -- ''Fyvush Finkel -- From Second Avenue to Broadway.''


    2000(4th of Tevet, 5761): Ninety one year old screenwriter Julius J. Epstein passed away today.(As reported by Richard Natale)


    2000: In Humble Bagel, Highly Priced But Worth It,” published today Clyde Haberman lamented the increasing cost of what was once the quintessential New York Jewish Food.


    “The holidays required a stop at H & H, the bagel emporium on the Upper West Side. This produced a discovery that, since the last visit a few weeks earlier, the price of a bagel had gone up a dime. It now cost 95 cents. Nearly a buck for a bagel! A bagel! You could understand it, maybe, if you were able to read your fortune in the poppy seeds. But what is humbler than an unadorned, untoasted, unshmeared bagel? Ninety-five cents? At Zabar's, across the street, bagels sell for only 39 cents each. They're 60 cents at Barney Greengrass, nearby, and at Columbia Bagels, half a mile farther north on Broadway, and 50 cents at Kossar's, the bialy mavens on the Lower East Side. One bagel purveyor in Manhattan -- please, he said, no names -- was not aware of the new H & H price until a phone caller mentioned it. He had to share the news with a colleague. ''Hey,'' he called out, ''H & H gets 95 cents.'' Then he returned to the phone. ''You should see his grimace,'' he reported. ''That,'' he agreed, ''is a lot of money for a bagel.'' Indeed. At the H & H store, a counterman could muster little more than an embarrassed smile when asked why. ''Ask the boss,'' he replied. But the boss, Helmer Toro, was not to be found at the H & H headquarters in Midtown. A woman who picked up the phone did allow, however, that ''our bagels are great.'' No argument, even if there are those who insist that Columbia's or Kossar's are tastier. And the long lines at H & H this week suggested that 95 cents (with a discount price of $11 for a dozen, and an extra thrown in free) is hardly enough to deter committed New York shoppers.”

     2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about subjects of Jewish interest including Wittgenstein’s Poker: The Story of a 10-Minute Argument Between Two Great Philosophers by David Edmonds and John Eidinow and Making The List:A Cultural History of the American Bestseller, 1900-1999by Michael Korda.

    2001(16th of Tevet, 5762): Rabbi Chaim Kreiswirth passed away shortly before midnight, aged 82, after suffering from an illness. Born at Wojnicz, Poland in 1918, the son of Rabbi Avrohom Yosef Schermann and Perla Kreiswirth, he was an Orthodox rabbi who served as the longtime Chief Rabbi of Congregation Machzikei Hadass Antwerp, Belgium. He was the founder and rosh yeshiva of the Mercaz HaTorah yeshiva in Jerusalem, and was a highly regarded Torah scholar.

    2003:  U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft recued himself and his office from investigating The Plame Affair. Palme is Valerie Plame the Jewish CIA operative whose identity was exposed in column by Robert Novak. 

    2004: Airel Sharon “sealed a deal with the Labor Party to form a coalition with Shimon Peres becoming Vice Premier, restoring the government’s majority in the Knesset”

    2004(18th of Tevet, 5765):  Artie Shaw passed away. Born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky, Shaw gained fame for as a clarinet player and Big Band Leader.  He received a Grammy Life Time Achievement Award and is member of the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame.

    2005(29th of Kislev, 5766:  Rona Jaffe author of The Best of Everything passed away at the age of 74.

    2005: Pepe Eliaschev, the grandson of Russian Jewish immigrants, a fixture of Argentine media, and host of the daily radio show, “Esto Que Pasa” or “This is what’s happening” was fired in what he saw as a form of media self-censorship.

    2005: The first kosher restaurant, Kineret Aruba Glatt Kosher Deli opened at the Playa Linda Beach Resort in Aruba.

    2006:The second edition of Encyclopedia Judaica, a 22-volume work, was published which is to be released in January, was published today.

    2006: “Deposed Iraqi leader, Sadam Hussein, was executed by hanging” today

    2006: The Cedar Rapids Gazette reports about the growth of religiously orientated games in an article entitled “How about a game of Kosherland?” The story begins “The crazy Jewish fun of Kosherland looks la lot like the board game Candy Land, except gefilte fishing substitutes for he visits to the Ice Cream Sea…” The founder of Jewish Educational Toys said people are much more willing to buy religious toys since he helped create Kosherland in 1985.

    2006: “Spotlight Moves to Hellman’s Plays”

    2007: The Sunday New York Times features reviews of the books by Jewish authors and/or about matters of special interest to Jewish readers including Liberal Fascism by Jonah Goldberg and The Geography of Bliss by Eric Weiner.

    2007: In what would seem to be a reminder of the common origins of mankind, the Chicago Tribune reported that the a genetic mutation known to increase the odds of breast cancer in some Jewish women has been found in significant numbers of Hispanic and African-American breast cancer patients underscoring the need for genetic testing across ethnic lines to determine who is at risk.

    2008: At , Israeli time, Haaretz reported that two Israelis had been killed Monday evening as Gaza militants pelted southern Israel with rockets and mortar shells, as Israel concluded its third day of aerial assaults on the Gaza Strip. One Israel Defense Forces soldier was killed in a mortar strike in a western Negev base, and another was seriously wounded. Four others were lightly hurt in the attack. The other fatality occurred when a woman got out of her vehicle when she heard the early warning siren in the city of Ashdod, and sought shelter in a bus stop on the side of the road. She sustained critical shrapnel wounds, and later died. Another passerby who also ducked into the bus stop for shelter suffered serious injuries in the attack.

    2008 (3 Tevet, 5769):Seventy eight year old “Harvey Ginsberg, a New York book editor who served long tenures at G. P. Putnam’s Sons, Harper & Row and William Morrow & Company, and whose most loyal writers included John Irving and Saul Bellow, passed away today in Manhattan.” (As reported Bruce Weber)

    2009:New York’s classical music radio station, WQXR, 105.9 fm presented a broadcast of selections from the Keshet Eilon 2009 Violin Mastercourse, performed at its gala final concert at Kibbutz Eilon by participants in the course.

    2009:The Gerard Bechar Center presented The Jerusalem Cantors Choir, in a concert entitled "Mizmor Le-toda:" a festive show combining Israeli and Cantorial classics. The evening is a tribute to Cantor Binyamin Glickman on the occasion of his 75th birthday and celebrating 55 years of his career as a conductor.

    2009:The Psik Theater presented "The Jerusalem Comedy:" a comedy about Ultra-Orthodox, Secular, and those stuck somewhere in the middle. The play tells the story of the struggle between the secular theatre "Le'Mehadrin" and the adjacent orthodox yeshiva in the same neighborhood. The juxtaposition of the two creates extreme comical situations.

    2009: Closing session of the International Conference on Conservative Judaism: Halakhah, Culture and Sociology at The Van Leer Jerusalem Institute.

    2009: Final session of The USY International Convention was held in Chicago, IL.

    2009:Israel's population stands at 7.5 million, according to figures released today by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Published ahead of the Gregorian New Year 2010, Israel's population has continued to grow at a steady rate of 1.8 percent over the past seven years, with 160,000 new babies born since last January 1 and some 14,500 new immigrants arriving over the past year. In terms of ethnic divisions, Israel's Jews now make up 75.4% of the population, or 5,664,000 people; Arabs consist of 20.3%, or 1,526,000 citizens; and the remaining 4.3% (319,000) are those registered as "others" by the Interior Ministry. According to the CBS's population report published ahead of the Jewish New Year in September, Israel is still a fairly young nation with nearly 30% of its population under the age of 14, compared to 17% in most other Western countries. Only 9.7% of the population is over the age of 65 in Israel, whereas in other Western countries the average is closer to 15%. The report also showed that the average Jewish family size increased since 2008 from 2.8 children per household to 2.96. In the Muslim community, the average number of children per mother was 3.84, a drop from the previous two years where it had previously reached 3.97 children per household. Among Christian families the average number of children was down to 2.11 in 2008. The ratio of men to women continues to be consistent too, with the number of women in the country still slightly outweighing the number of men, especially in the more advanced years of life. According to the statistics, there is 979 men for every 1000 women, however in the under 37 set there are more men but it is the imbalance in the over 75 age group that off-sets this with some 673 men for every 1000 women.

    2009:One or more mortars were fired from Gaza into southern Israel.

    2009: Today, the Shin Bet, Israel's security service, released a report which showed that 566 rockets were fired on Israel from Gaza in 2009; most were fired in January, during Israel's war with Hamas in Gaza. By comparison, 2,048 rockets were fired at Israel from Gaza in 2008.

    2010: In Orlando, FL, the USY International Convention is scheduled to come to an end.

    2010: The 30th Limmud Conference is scheduled to come to an end today.

    2010:The Rt. Hon. Sir Martin Gilbert, CBE is scheduled to deliver a lecture entitled "Britain and Palestine, 1917-1947: Researching the Relationship" at Beit Avi Chai. Attendees will enjoy an evening with Sir Martin, the official biographer of Winston Churchill, who is one of the most knowledgeable, literate and prolific historians in the 20th and 21st century.  His eighty-two books include Israel, Jerusalem in the Twentieth Century, Churchill and the Jews, Holocaust Journey and his latest offering, In Ishmael’s House

    2010: The Shin Ben (Israel Security Agency) reported today that there was a decrease in the number of terrorist attacks targeting Israelis in 2010. There were 798 recorded terrorist attacks in 2010 at the time the report was written, compared to 1,354 in 2009.

    2010:This evening, a group of Arab men attacked a soldier at the entrance to Kiryat Arba. The soldier suffered head injuries in the attack. His assailants were arrested.

    2010:An exhibition on the Jews of Iran showcasing the community’s 2,700-year-old history and rich heritage opens today at Beit Hatefutsoth in Tel Aviv.

    2010: Former president Moshe Katsav was found guilty of raping former Tourism Ministry worker "Aleph," in the Tel Aviv District Court this morning. "

    2010: The Limmud Conference, British Jewry’s answer to the Edinburgh Festival which has been celebrating its 30th anniversary came to an end today. Limmud, which began with 70 Jewish educators getting together Christmas week 30 years ago, is today a global movement, with over 35,000 participants at Limmud events around the Jewish world in any one of 55 Limmud International communities, from Amsterdam to Atlanta, Cambridge to Cape Town, Modi’in to Moscow, Paris to Philadelphia, and Istanbul to Toronto.

    2011(4th of Tevet, 5772): Ninety four year old Bernard Bellush,Professor Emeritus of History at the City College of New York (CCNY), who was part of “Alcove Number One” – “a group of student radicals at CCNY during the 1930’s – passed away today.

    2011(4th of Tevet, 5772): Sixty-five year old of Adrienne Cooper, the singer who played a major role in reviving Yiddish culture and music with a special emphasis on Klezmer passed away today.

    2011:The Jaffa Rd Walking Tour, an exploration of Jerusalem’s main artery to the coast for centuries which was also an Ottoman road with British influences, is scheduled to begin this morning

    2011: The Israel Air Force struck a group of terrorists attempting to fire rockets into Israel this morning.

    The IDF confirmed that the air force struck its targets overnight.

    2011: Rabbi Eliezer Melamed, the rabbi of the Har Bracha settlement and the dean of the Har Bracha yeshiva, strongly criticized gender segregation on buses in a column to be published in the B’Sheva weekly today.

    2012: Choreographer Ssmulik Gov-Are and Hadassah Badoch-Kruger Yemenite dance expert & former soloist with the Inbal and Batsheva dance companies are scheduled to attend the Israeli Folk Dance End-of-Year Party

    2012: After a year, Uncovered & Rediscovered, an evolving eight-part exhibit that explores the Chicago Jewish experience at the Spertus Institute is scheduled to come to an end today.