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(showing articles 1041 to 1043 of 1043)

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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.

older | 1 | .... | 51 | 52 | (Page 53)

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    January 14

    83 BCE: Birthdate of Marcus Antonius, who is better known as Mark Antony (often pronounced Anthony).  Mark Antony is credited by some with recognizing Herod as a Jewish leader and elevating him accordingly.  Later, he would side with Cleopatra in her attempts to claim some of Eretz Israel for her own.

    1129:  Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes. Troyes was the home town of the great Jewish commentator Rashi who died there a quarter of a century before the council was held.  At the time of the meeting, Rabbinu Tam, the most famous of Rashi’s grandson was 29 years old and living at the village of Ramerupt, which was just outside of Troyes.  The term “Templar” refers to the Temple of Solomon.  In its early days, the Order saw itself as a protector of Jerusalem and Solomon’s Temple.  When it broadened its activity the members of the order learned about banking from the Jews.  Unlike others related to crusading activities, the Templars did not engage in the wholesale slaughter of Jews.

    1163: King Ladislaus II brief reign, during which nothing appeared to have been done to diminish the rights of Jews established by King Coleman a half century earlier, came to an end.

     1301:  Andrew III of Hungary dies, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary. While his predecessor on the Hungarian throne had approved a variety of ant-Jewish rules and regulations, Andrew took a different tact “when, in the privilegiumgranted by him to the community of Posonium (Bratislava), that the Jews in that city should enjoy all the liberties of citizens.” Things went downhill for the Jews of Hungary after Andrew’s death and they were expelled from the kingdom in 1349 under the belief that the Jews were responsible for the Black Death.

    1484: The first printed edition of Ibn Gabirol’s Mivhar ha-Peninm was published today.

    1514: Pope Leo X issued a papal bull against slavery.  This is the same Pope Leo who clashed with Martin Luther and who offered protection to the Jews at various times including when he reconfirmed the privileges of French Jews despite opposite from the local bishops and banned the wearing of the Jew badge in France

    1589: Anglican clergyman “Francis Kett was burned alive by the Church for inferring that the Jews would one day return to the Promised Land, an opinion derived from reading the Bible” and for his heretical belief that Jesus was not divine.

     1601: The Church burned Hebrew books and manuscripts in Rome.  These book burnings destroyed priceless parts of the Jewish heritage.  One of the puzzling questions is why do Christians have this almost pathological fear of Jewish books.

     1639: The "Fundamental Orders", the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut. “No Jew, however, was recorded in colonial Connecticut until 1659 when ‘David, the Jew’, was mentioned in the Hartford legislative records.” Hartford was one of the four cities that were covered by The Fundamental orders.

    1664: Birthdate of Frankfurt am Main native Johann Jakob Schudt a gentile who wrote ‘a preface to Grünhut's edition of David Ḳimḥi's Commentary on the Psalms in 1712 and published the Purim play of the Frankfurt and Prague Jews with a High German translation 1716” but who also published Judæus Christicida, in which he attempted “to prove that Jews deserved corporal as well as spiritual punishment for the crucifixion” and Jüdische Merkwürdigkeiten  which “is full of prejudice, and repeats many of the fables and ridiculous items published by Johann Andreas Eisenmenger; but  also contains details of contemporary Jewish life, a source for the history of the Jews, particularly those of Frankfurt.”

    1690: The clarinet is invented in Germany.  No, the Jews did not invent the clarinet.  But from Benny Goodman, to Artie Shaw to the Kings of Klezmer, can you imagine the clarinet without Jews or Jews without the “licorice stick.”

     1711: One of the largest fires that ever occurred in Frankfurt broke out in the Judengasse  (Jews Alley). The fire started at about 8 p.m. in the House Eichel (German: Acorn) owned by the senior Rabbi Naphtali Cohen.

     1745: Birthdate of Gershom Mendez Seixas, the son of Isaac Mendez Seixas) and Rachel Levy, daughter of Moses Levy, an early New York merchant who gained fame as an American rabbi and fervent supporter of the American Revolution.

    1750: Elias Levy, who had been born in 1702 and was the son of Benjamin Levy passed away today in the United Kingdom

    1758: Birthdate of Jacob de Castro, the son of a London rabbi whose career as a comedian included performances at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden and the Haymarket Theatre where he led a group of players known as “Astley’s Jews”

     1765: Birthdate of Seckel Isaac Fränkel, the German rabbi who led the new Reform Temple in Hamburg when it opened in 1818.

    1768: Aaron Hart, who is considered to be the father of Canadian Jewry, wed his cousin Dorothea Catherine Judah in Portsmouth, England. After the marriage, Uriah and Samuel Judah who were both his cousins and brothers-in-law emigrated to Trois-Rivières, Canada. The large family included four sons: Moses, Ezekiel, Benjamin, and Alexander (Asher), and five daughters, the latter educated by the Ursuline Catholic sisters in Trois-Rivières. One daughter, Chavah, married a Judah and two others, Sarah and Charlotte, married Samuel and Moses David respectively, sons of Montreal's Lazarus David. Seventeen sixty-eight was also the same year in which Hart joined with others for found Shearith Israel in Montreal.

    1781: A day after she passed away yesterday, Mrs Treinela bat Moses wife of Lipman ben Joseph was buried today at the Alderney Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1792(19thof Tevet, 5552): Parashat Shemot

    1792(19thof Tevet, 5552): Six-month old Benjamin Samson, the infant son of Michael and Judith Samson passed way today in the United Kingdom.

    1794(13thof Shevat, 5554): Judah Leib ben Isaac passed away today after which he was married at the Alderney Road Jewish Cemetery.

     1798: Birthdate of the poet and writer of Isaac de Costa.  A Dutch born member of a Sephardic family, de Costa, converted to Christianity.  Oddly enough, one of his major ventures into the world of prose was a work on Jewish History entitled Israel and the Gentiles.

    1799: One day after he had passed away, “Shlomin Moshe Jacob” was buried at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”

    1803: Birthdate of Eduard Munk, who taught at the Royal Wilhelmsschule at Breslau and at the gymnasium of Glogau but whose academic career was stifled because he was Jewish.

    1814:  Under the Treaty of Kiel which was concluded today, Denmark gave up all its rights to Norway to the king of Sweden which helped to lead to the convening of “a constituent assembly in Eidsvoll” which turned back the clock on the acceptance of Jews that had recently taken place in Denmark and continued the exclusion of Jews from Norway “as part of the clause that made Lutheranism the official state religion, though with free exercise of religion as the general rule.”

     1821: Birthdate of Salomon Hermann Mosenthal, the native of Kassel, whose operatic works included “Die Maccaber” or “The Maccabees” which he created with Anton Rubinstein.

    1828: In Newington, Louis Levy, the son of Woolf and Martha Levy was circumcised today.

     1831: The Scottish poet and lawyer Henry MacKenzie who “speculated that the high incidence of biblical place names around the village of Morningside near Edinburgh might have originated from Jews settling in the area during the Middle Ages” passed away today.

    1842: In Vienna, Leopold Bruer and his wife gave birth to Dr. Josef Bruer the mentor of Sigmund Freud.

    1842: According to the Jewish Chronicle, at this time Woolwich “had barely a minyan of Jews, consisting of five or six families” who employed their own Shochet.  They had held services for this time on Rosh Hashanah, 5601(1840).

    1851: In Cayuga County, NY, the prosecution rested its case during the trial of John Baham who is charged with having murdered Nathan Adler, an industrious and well-liked Jewish peddler from Syracuse.

    1853: In a letter published today, Dr.  George Bethune described the conditions of the seven or eight thousand Jews living in Rome under “shockingly oppressed” conditions. At that time, as he pointed out, the government of Rome was under the control of the Vatican.

    1857: Henry Eliezer Symons married Emma Myers at the Great Synagogue today.

    1858: In Chicago, Sarah (Spiegel) and Michael Greenebaum, a successful merchant gave birth to Hannah Greenbaum Solomon, the founder and first president of the National Council of Jewish Women.

     1859(7thof Shevat, 5619): Fifty-nine year old Zerline “Lina” Beyfus, the wife of Meyer Levin Beyfus passed away at Frankfurt am Main

    1859: Three days after she had passed away, Emily S. Raphael, the daughter of Lewis Raphael and Rachel Mocatta, was buried at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery” today.

     1860: It was reported today that two Jewish businessmen named Magnus and Guedalla challenged one another to single combat during a heated dispute over who should control a company called the Great Eastern 

    1861: Birthdate of Mehmed VI the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.  He came to the throne in the closing days of World War I.  His representatives signed the Treaty of Sèvres, the peace treaty marking the end of the war for the Ottoman Empire.  In signing the treaty, the Turkish sultan recognized the mandates that ended the empire including the British mandate over Palestine that was a key step on the path to creation of the state of Israel.  The sultan lost his throne to Turkish revolutionaries who were angered by the signing of the treaty. 

    1862: Amsterdam native Michael Waas, the son of Henry and Miriam Waas, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

     1866: In Switzerland, Jewish rights were ratified. Switzerland had been the scene of some of the worst massacres during the Black Plague and a hotbed of anti-Jewish edicts. This legislation was only passed after the United States, Britain and France refused to sign treaties until their anti-Jewish cantons were repealed.

    1867: Birthdate of Philadelphia pitcher William “Bill” Kling who was mistakenly identified as being Jewish because his brother Johnny had married a Jew and had never denied claims that he was also Jewish.

    1871: In Hamburg, Germany Charlotte Esther Oppenheim Warburg and Moritz Moses Warburg to Felix Warburg who came to the United States in 1894 where he became a partner at Kuhn, Loeb and Co. as well as a leading member of the American Jewish community.

    1878: Among the payments made from the New York City Treasury today was on of $7,976.66 to the Hebrew Benevolent Orphan Society.

    1880: Birthdate of Cardinal Pierre-Marie Gerlier who was posthumously awarded the title Righteous among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 1981 for his efforts to save Jews from the Vichy Government of Petain and Laval as well as their Nazi allies.

    1881: In Lodz, “Zelman Salomonowicz and Hinda Salomonowicz Zylberberg” gave birth to Abram Bejnysz Artur Salvin Salomonowicz, the husband “of Helena Salvin Salomonowicz”

    1881: As of today, the price of l'Union Générale had fallen to 2,800 francs marking a loss of 140 francs a share in a week which helped to cause the Bourse to crash – an event that many claim was the cause of a sharp rise in French anti-Semitism that would find its fullest expression at Drancy in WW II.

    1884(14thof Tevet, 5644): Seventy-six year old Philip Phillips a native of Charleston, SC, who practiced law in Mobile and served in the state legislature and the U.S. House Representatives passed away today.  The husband of Eugenia Levy, he was a Union sympathizer who lived in several Southern cities including Washington, D.C.

    1887L In Poland, Adolph and Natalia Lieberman gave birth to Sigismund Lieberman, the “husband of Mary S. Lieberman” with whom he had two children – George and Norma.”

    1888(1stof Shevat, 5648): Rosh Chodesh Shevat.

    1889: Webster Hall, which is owned by Charles Goldstein, is scheduled to host the third annual reception of the Hoffman House Barkeepers.

    1890: Ninety-year old Father Ignaz von Döllinger author of "The Jews in Europe" passed away today.

     1891: “Russian Jews For America” published today described the arrival of about 500 hundred Russian Jewish men, women and children who plan to go on to the United States.

    1892: In Lippstadt, Heinrich Niemöller and his wife Pauline (née Müller), gave birth to Martin Niemöller, the Lutheran minister whose anti-Nazi views slowly evolved and whose view about Jews was “a mixed bag” at best.

    1892: The annual convention of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of America opened this morning at the Lindell Hotel in St. Louis, MO.

    1892: Mrs. J.B. Eiseman, Mrs. Edward Pels and Mrs. G. Eiseman, of Baltimore, MD, met with Caroline Harrison, the wife of President Benjamin Harrison in Washington, DC at which time they invited her to attend upcoming Hebrew Orphan Asylum Bazar.  Mrs. Harrison said that if possible she would attend.  In any event, she would “send a donation of flowers from the White House Conservatories.”  (President Harrison was engaged in a re-election campaign which might have been the reason she met with the Jewish ladies.  In fairness, her refusal to commit to coming may have reflected her weakened condition that came from her battle with Tuberculosis which would take her life in October)

     1892: The three days of ceremonies marking the opening of the Jewish Maternity’s facility in Philadelphia, PA, came to a close today.

    1892: It was reported today that Adolph L. Sanger’s failure to gain election as the President of the Board of Education had nothing to do with the fact that he was Jewish.  Rather it was a case that the Tammany “machine” had decided it wanted to the incumbent to retain the position.

    1894: It was reported today that Dr. Joseph Krauskopf, one of the leading rabbis in Philadelphia, is coming to New York City to deliver an address sponsored by the Young Men’s Association of Ahawath Chesed

    1894: President James H. Hoffman presided over the tenth annual meeting of the Hebrew Technical Institute which was held this morning in New York City.

    1895: Benjamin Oppenheimer, one of the Republican delegates from the 22nd Assembly District was so upset when he heard that reports circulated by those opposing William Brookfield’s continued service as Republican County Chairman because Jews were against him due to his membership in the Union League Club that he has started to campaign among his co-religionist  to gain support for Brookfield (The Union League Club had blackballed Joseph Seligman’s son because he was Jewish and the fact that it no longer had any Jewish members was bone of contention among “uptown Jews..”)

    1896: Birthdate of Hans J. Salter, Viennese trained composer who came to the United Sates in 1937 where he began a thirty year career of creating music for the movies.

    1896: Four days after he had passed away, “Frank Mozley, the only son of Rosetta and Lewin Barnet Mozely” was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemtery.”

    1896: The inaugural event of this social season hosted by the Young Folks’ League of the Hebrew Asylum is scheduled to take place this evening at the Lexington Assembly Rooms in NYC.

    1897(11thof Shevat, 5657): Seventy-eight year old Leon Sternberger, the “cantor emeritus of Temple Beth-El” passed away today. Born in Bavaria in 1810, he “was a pupil of Solomon Sulzer, the father of modern Jewish religious music.” After serving as a cantor in Warsaw, he came to the United States in 1849, where he first served Anshe Chesed,

    1897: It was reported today that in Austria, Christian and Jewish witnesses swear the same oath before testifying.  However, Christian witnesses take the oath “before a crucifix between two lighted candles” while Jews take the oath with their right hands on a Bible open to the Ten Commandments.

    1898(20thof Tevet, 5658): Eighty-nine year old Lazarus Straus, “the senior member of L. Straus & Sons” passed away today. Born in Bavaria in 1809 to a prominent Jewish family, he came to the United States after the failure of the Revolutions of 1848 in which he supported the liberals He arrived in Talbotton, GA in 1853 and, after a series of business ventures in the South moved to New York City 1865. The crowning point of his business career came when his firm acquired controlling interest in R.H. Macy & Co.  A generous philanthropist, he was a leader of the Jewish community who actually lit the Eternal Light at Temple Beth-El during the sanctuary’s dedication.  His proudest accomplishment may be his family which include his sons Isidor, Nathan who is the President of the Board of Health and Oscar who served as U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire.

    1898: As the Dreyfus Affair continues to inflame France, a group of law students demonstrated in front of the offices of the Aurore protesting the writings of Emile Zola.

    1899: It was reported today that Magistrate Sims has resolved the trespass charge brought by Mrs. Esther Wallenstein, President of the Hebrew Infant Asylum.  The Magistrate agreed that the watchmen employed by the builders who had been hired to remodel the asylum’s building  “had no legal right to be on the premises” he only fined the one dollar because they had every reason to believe they had such a right.  In other words, they were innocent pawns in a struggle between Mrs. Wallenstein and the builders, John Webber & Sons.

    1899: Temple Isaiah, a Reform congregation in Chicago, Illinois, dedicated a school building.  The structure was attached to the synagogue which had been designed by Dankmar Adler.

    1900: Today’s Manila Tribune published “the official report” describing the “famous expedition from San Nicolas to Appani, through the heart of Northern Luzon” included mention of Assistant Surgeon Joseph M. Heller who was complimented “for his qualities of perseverance, patience and fidelity to duty” while showing “great courage in ministering to the wounded under fire.”

    1900(14thof Shevat, 5660): Fifty-seven year old Abraham Baer Dobsewitch, the Pinsk native known for his commentaries and Hebrew writing passed away today in New York.

    1902: Oscar Straus “was named a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague to fill the place left vacant by the death of ex-President Benjamin Harrison.”

    1902: Daniel Joseph Jaffé “became associate member of the Institute of Civil Engineers (A.M.I.C.E.)” following which me moved to Hong Kong where among other things, he would build what was, at its time, the largest dam in the Far East.

    1902: Three days he had passed away, 79 year old Moss Myers was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1903: In San Francisco, prominent socialites Mr. and Mrs. Walter Stettheimer gave birth to Barbara Stettheimer who gained fame as Barbara Ochs Adler, the wife of Julius Ochs Adler.

    1904: In South Carolina, Rabbi J.J. Simenhoff officiated at the marriage of Abram Pearlstine and Sadie B. Livingston.

    1904: In Hampstead, London, “Ernest Walter Hard Beady, a prosperous timber merchant and Etty Sisson to the multi-talented award winning Cecil Walter Hardy Beaton who, in 1938, publisher Conde Nast had the courage to fire because of “a drawing contributed by Mr. Beaton to the February 1 issue of Vogue” in which “there appeared comments that were critical of the Jewish race.” (Editor – while the rest of the world turned a blind eye to Hitler and many Englishman flirted with fascism, Nast gets high marks for doing his bit to “change the world.”)

    1905(8thof Shevat, 5665): Parashat Bo

    1905: “Fantana,” Sam Shubert’s first original production” “premiered at the Lyric Theatre” today.

    1905: In St. Louis, “Isaac Newton Hahn, a dry goods salesman, and Hannah Hahn, a free-spirited suffragette” gave birth to journalist and novelist Emily Hahn who most memorable work came while she was writing from China from 1935 to 1941.

    1906: The plans for a bazaar and ball in the Grand Central Palace featuring “professional vaudeville performers” and “the brand from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum” that will raise fund “for the assistance of the Jews of Russia” sponsored by the Women Workers for the Self Protection of Jews in Russia” were announced today.

    1906: The Board of the Berlin Congregation discussed “the admission of proselytes.”

    1907: The Earthquake that struck Jamaica today destroyed the synagogue there which was part of “one of the earliest Jewish settlements in the Western Hemisphere.

    1909: In Goldfield, Nevada, Abe Attel retained his world featherweight title when he knocked out his opponent in the tenth round. (As reported by Bob Wechsler)

    1912(24th of Tevet, 5672): Eighty year old German philologist Salomon Lefmann passed away today at Heidelberg.

    1912: In Chicago, at the Auditorium Hotel, Isaac M. Bernstein married Pearl Graff, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Barnett Graff today.

    1912: The funeral of “Bessie Richmond, nee Abrahams, the wife of Albert Richmond and the mother of Leroy and Wilford Richmond took place today at the Free Sons’ Cemetery, Waldheim.

    1912: In Chicago, at the Metropole Hotel, Rabbi Stolz officiated at the marriage of Casril H. Barnard and Bessie Schumacher.

    1913: It was announced at the meeting of the Council of the United Synagogue that the selection committee had decided to submit to the Electoral College the names of two candidates only, Joseph H. Hertz of New York and Dr. Hyamson of London, for the office of chief rabbi, coupling with this resolution a strong recommendation in favor of Dr. Hertz.

    1914: In Camden, NJ, the Hebrew Ladies’ Aid Society is scheduled to host its tenth annual reception and ball at Turner Hall tonight.

    1915: The Industrial Removal Office which was organized in 1900 held it fourteenth annual meeting today in New York City under the leadership of Chairman Reuben Arkush.

    1915:  In Sacramento, CA, Russian-Jewish immigrants Abraham Ellis and Fannie Goodson gave birth to U.C. graduate turned game show producer Mark Goodson.

    1915(28th of Tevet, 5675): Seventy-eight year old Henrietta Francisca Sichel, the daughter of Fanny and Salomon Bernard Sichel and the wife of Joseph Mayer Montefiore passed away today in Sussex.

    1915(28thof Tevet, 5675): Fifty-four year Abraham Dantzig passed away today after which he was buried at the Sheffield Cemetery in Kansas City, MO.

    1915:The Red Cross Fund of which Jacob H. Schiff is treasurer increased by $395.75 which included a donation from the Ladies’ Aid Hebrew Temple of Fort Gibson, Mississippi and brought the total to $438, 791.33.

    1915: The list published today of contributors to the American Jewish Relief Committee for Suffers from the War included Chesed Shel Emes, Springfield, Ohio, Temple Beth-El, South Bend, Michigan, Ahavas Chesed Ladies, Mobile, Alabama, Congregation Agudas AChim, Shreveport, Louisiana and Mrs. S. Stern of Des Moines, Iowa.

    1916: The text of the telegram sent by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War seeking to gain the interest of Rabbis in supporting the day designated by President Wilson to collect funds for the cause was published today including a request that the sermons on the Shabbat before the event include a plea for support.

    1916: In San Francisco, Samuel Veprin and his wife gave birth to William “Billy” Veprin, the husband of “Tootsie” Veprin with whom he had three children – Harvey, Helene and Susie – and the entrepreneur whose ventures included “starting the first dry-cleaners on Guam” and “own the landmark restaurant Tommy’s Joynt in San Francisco who supported a variety of worthwhile causes including “the Anti-Defamation League, the Jewish Foundation, the Jewish Home for the Aging and Cedars-Sinai.”

    1916: It was announced today that the Clothing Jobbers’ League under the leadership of Chairman Emanuel Neuman and Secretary Samuel J. Klein has pledged $1,200 to be sent to the committee collecting funds to aid the suffering Jews of war-torn Europe and Palestine.

    1917(20th of Tevet, 5677): Eighty-six year old “Solomon Ullmann, President of the Western Synagogue and one time treasurer of the Plymouth Hebrew congregation passed away today.

    1917: “At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the National Jewish Home for Consumptives, Dr. Adolf Meyer of New York said that unless necessary precautions were taken there was a great danger of tuberculosis being increased in this country by immigration after the war.”

    1917: “The women’s Proclamation Committee, a national organization for war relief, of which Mrs. Samuel Elkeles is Chairman will send today to the Joint Distribution Committee its check for $5,000 which was pledged toward the 1917 $10,000,000 fund for the relief of Jewish war suffers at the recent meeting in Carnegie Hall.”

    1917: “Leon Trotsky, a Russian journalist and Socialist, his wife and his two sons, Leon, 11 and Serge, arrived” today in New York “on the Spanish liner Montserrat after having been expelled from Europe for preaching peace.”  (Yes, the number two man in the Russian Revolution found refuge in the United States months before the Communists came to power.)

    1917: “At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the National Jewish Home for Consumptives held this afternoon, Dr. Adolf Meyer of New York said that unless necessary precautions were taken there was great danger of tuberculosis being increased in the United States by immigration after the war.”

    1917: It was announced today that “preparations for a ‘Week of Mercy’ to be held through the United States” later this month “are being made by the Central Committee for the Relief of the Jews Suffering through the War.”

    1917: Among the appeals the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society received form persons in the wars zones asking that relatives or friends in the United States be located was one for “J. Pomerantz, 124 Street, Des Moines, Iowa.

    1918: The Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies started its campaign today to raise $4,000,000 or more for the year’s maintenance of Jewish welfare, relief and sociological activities.”

    1920: Birthdate of Brooklyn native Danny Bartfield who fought as a featherweight during the 1940’s before fighting a couple of bouts in 1945 and 1947 as a lightweight.

    1923: It was reported today that “George Barsky, proprietor of the Hotel Allenby located just outside of the Jaffe Gate in Jerusalem” has arrived in New York for a month long stay during which he plans to raise funds to build a new, modern hotel in Jerusalem that will have 500 rooms with 200 baths, a hot water heating system and all of the other amenities that Westerners connect with a first-class hostelry including a restaurant, billiard room and ballroom for dancing.  Barsky sees Jerusalem and Palestine as prime travel destinations and has high hopes for the development of the tourist industry in “the holy land.”

    1926: After losing his last three fights in 1925, featherweight Wilburn Cohen won his first bout of 1926 by a knockout.


    1927: Birthdate of Zuzana Ruzickova  who “endured three concentration camps in World War Two, including Auschwitz, was persecuted by the Communists in Czechoslovakia in the years that followed and who persevered “to become one of the world's leading harpsichordists.” (As reported by Rebecca Jones)

    1928: U.S. premiere of “Love and Learn” a six reel silent film produced by Adolph Zukor and Jesse Lasky with a script co-authored by Herman J. Mankiewicz.

    1930: Fifty-seven year old German Egyptologist Émile Brugsch who in 1881 “discovered the tomb at Deir el Bahir” which included the mummy of Ramses II, the Pharaoh of the Exodus passed away today.

    1930: Rutgers defeated Drexel today thanks to a 26 point performance by Jack Grossman. (As reported by Wechsler)

    1934: Birthdate of Tunisian native Pierre Darmon, the French tennis player who “was a member of France’s Davis Cup Team from 1956–67, winning 44 of the 68 matches in which he participated.”

    1936: Reports published today describing the decision of Conductor Wilhelm Furtwaegler, who relies on the Third Reich for much of his work to drop a performance of works by Mendelssohn, who is considered “Jewish” from a performance of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra in Budapest.

    1936: In Bucharest, police arrested 71 anti-Semites after the “anti-Semitic supports of Professor A.C. Cuza kidnapped and beat several leaders of the National Peasant party” as they drove to a meeting in Bukovina Province. (Editor’s Note:  There has been tendency in the last fifty years to concentrate on the Holocaust and the Nazis which has resulted in a failure to appreciate the wave of anti-Semitism that was sweeping Europe during the 1930’s in a wide variety of counties that included the majority of European Jews.)

    1937: Despite “a pouring rain” Jews from Haifa to Jerusalem “gave an enthusiastic welcome to the new Chief Rabbi, Dr. J.A. Herzog”, the replacement for the late Rabbi Kook,  who arrived today from Ireland where he had served as chief rabbi

    1937: Birthdate of Leo Philip Kadanoff, the native of New York who became an award winning physicist known for his contribution to “the fields of statistical physics, chaos theory, and theoretical condensed matter physics.”

    1938: In Berlin, Harold and Lily Wolkowitz Kartiganer gave birth to Esther Kartiganer who came to United States at the age of one where she eventually became the senior producer for “60 Minutes” who “became entangled in a controversy over a program that raised questions about President George W. Bush’s military service during the Vietnam War” (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

    1938: The Palestine Post reported that one Arab constable was shot and another wounded by Arab bandits during a search at Tulkarm and Kalkilya. Arms and ammunition were found and a number of Arabs were brought before the newly established Military Court in Jerusalem and sentenced. According to the Jerusalem correspondent of the Egyptian press, a special committee was appointed by the British government to study the question of the Jewish settlement in Transjordan. Mr. H. St. John ("Hai Abdullah") Philby, the noted British Muslim who resided at Jedda, told the Arab press that he laments the recent growth of hostility between the Jewish and Muslim peoples, despite their common Semitic origin and their friendly relations in the past. He recommended the abolition of the Mandate and the creation of a National Government in Palestine which should permit Jewish immigration, in accordance with the economic and public needs of the country. St. John Philby was the father of the notorious spy, Kim Philby.

    1939(23rdof Tevet, 5699): Parashat Shemot

    1939: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “What Does Believing in God Mean?”

    1939: At Rodeph Sholom, Rabbi Louis I. Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Shall Jews ‘Play Safe’ or Follow Their Conscience?”

    1939: At the West End Synagogue Rabbi Nathan Stern is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “What’s in a Name?”

    1939: At the Temple of the Covenant, Rabbi Harold H. Mashioff is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “The Sacred Fire That Does Not Consume.”


    1939: “Joseph Baratz of Palestine” is scheduled to be one of the speakers at conference on Palestine beginning today in Washington under the leadership of Rabbi Hillel Silver of Cleveland.

    1939: Master teacher and pianist Rosina Lhévinne performed in a two-piano recital with her husband to mark the 40th anniversary of both their marriage and their professional collaboration.

    1940: In “Season In Palestine” published today Dr. Peter Gradenwitz, described recent musical events in the Holy Land including a series of concerts at the Jerusalem “Bezalel National Museum,” the presentation of a full program by the Palestine Symphony Orchestra without a conductor in Haifa, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem and a performance of Smetana’s “Tabor” by the Radio Orchestra which was introduced by Dr. Kadlec, the Jerusalem consul General of Czechoslovakia.  The latter took on special significance because of the fate of the Czechs at the hand of the Nazis and Smetana’s relationship to “Hatikvah.”

    1940: Of 880 Jewish Polish taken prisoner, 100 were shot on the march to prison. The next day approximately 400 more killed while 40 escaped. The day after, almost 150 more were murdered.

    1941: In Manhattan, attorney Jacob Goldsmith and fourth grade school teacher Dorothy Markowitz gave birth to Susan Jane Goldsmith who gained fame as “Susan J. Tolchin, a political scientist who explored the workings of political patronage, women in politics and, most presciently, the electoral power of voter anger in several popular books, most of them written with her husband, Martin Tolchin” (As reported by William Grimes)

    1941(13thof Tevet, 5701): Sixty-year old Austrian entertainer and art collector Fritz Grunbaum died during his second imprisonment at Dachau after having spent time in Buchenwald.

     1942(25th of Tevet, 5702): Sixty-six year old German born American songwriter whose hits included “Peg O’ My Heart” and “Come Josephine in My Flying Machine” passed away today

    1942: The Nazis ordered 1,600 Jews from Ixbica Kujawska, in western Poland to report to a public place of assembly. The Jewish council warned the citizens about what was happening. The Germans shot the entire council. The rest were taken to Chelmno and gassed by the SS, local gendarmes, and Gestapo. Ten transports of about 80 people each were gassed and buried at Chelmno

    1943: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and United States President Franklin Roosevelt met at Casablanca, Morocco, to discuss the future Allied invasion of Western Europe. News of the meeting buoys the spirits of Jews, who hope the war may soon be over. Roosevelt, though, proposes to French North African official General Noguès and later to a leader of the Free French Forces, General Giraud that the French government in North Africa should discriminate against local Jews just as Hitler did in the 1930s. Roosevelt specifically states, twice--once to Noguès and separately to Giraud--that "the number of Jews engaged in the practice of the professions...should be definitely limited to the percentage that the Jewish population in North Africa bears to the whole of the North African population." President Roosevelt adds that limiting the number of Jews in the professions "would further eliminate the specific and understandable complaints which the Germans bore toward the Jews in Germany...."

    1943: Rabbi Menachem Zemba, “called on the Jews of Warsaw to revolt” saying that "we must resist the enemy on all fronts". He also warned that "we are prohibited by Jewish law from betraying others...” Zemba was killed (19 Nissan) a few days after the revolt began. He had refused the offer of Catholic priests to help him and flee with another two rabbis, believing that he must remain until the end with his fellow Jews. Zemba had published over 20 manuscripts. Many others were destroyed in the ghetto.”

    1943: The Jewish Council members in Lomza, refused to take part in the selection process. The Germans were forced to select for themselves those Jews who should be taken away.

     1943: When the Jewish Council and Jewish police in Lomza, Poland, refuse to provide the Gestapo with 40 Jews, Gestapo agents make the selections, and include two Council members. A further 8000 Lomza Jews are deported to Auschwitz.

     1943: Birthdate of Dr. Ralph Marvin Steinman, the native of Montreal, who became a noted American cell biologist and Noble Prize winner for his work on the human immune response. (As reported by William Grimes.)

     1944: In New York, violinist Roman Totenberg and real estate broker Melanie Shroder Totenberg gave birth to NPR correspondent Nina Totenberg.

    1945: Ninety-one year old Gerald Balfour, the brother of Arthur Balfour of “Balfour Declaration” fame who in 1906 “failed to get a vote of confidence from his constituents” because he strongly supported the passage of a bill that effectively excluded Russian Jews from immigrating to England, passed away today.

     1945: The SS evacuates the remaining prisoners from the concentration camp at Plaszów, Poland.

     1946(12th of Shevat): Rabbi Joseph Herman Hertz who had served as Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom since 1913 passed away. A native of Hungary he earned a BA from Columbia and earned his Rabbinic designation at JTS, the American flagship training entity of the Conservative movement.

    1948: Anna "Ans" van Dike a Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator was executed at the age of 42.(I cannot find any details about this.  If any of you know about this person, please forward the information to me.  Thanks.)

    1948: “A report came in this evening “Arabs were massing in the hills around Kfar Etzion.”

    1948: A postal delivery truck filled with explosives manned by pro-Arab volunteers was driven into the center of Haifa where it exploded. These volunteers included recently released German POW’s and deserters from the British Army.

    1948:Department store pioneer Beatrice Auerbach, longtime proprietor at G. Fox and Co. in Hartford, CT, received the Tobe Award for outstanding contributions to public service in the retail field

    1949: In Miami, FL, Sylvia Sarah and Clarence Norman Kasdan gave birth to Lawrence Edward Kasdan the writer, director and producer who has given us some marvelous films including “The Big Chill” and some not so marvelous including several episodes of “Star Wars.”

    1949: Dr. Edwin J. Cohn of the Harvard Medical School is scheduled to deliver the Julius Stieglitz Memorial Lecture today at the University of Chicago.

    1950: The Andrews Sisters version of “I Can Dream, Can’t I?,” “a popular song written by Sammy Fain with lyrics by Irving Kahal became the U.S. Billboard Best Sellers in Stores number-one single.”

    1950(25thof Tevet, 5710): Parashat Shemot

    1950(25thof Tevet, 5710): Seventy-one year old David Alexander, the Brooklyn “son of Harris Baruch Alexander and the former Betsy Harris” and the husband of the former Irene Schwab with whom he had had two children who was a graduate of HUC and the University of Cincinnati who had been the “rabbi of the Akron, Ohio Hebrew Congregation since 1919” passed away today.

    1951(7thof Shevat, 5711): Three people were killed and twenty more were injured when “someone tossed an army hand grenade in the crowded Mas’uda Shemtov synagogue in Baghdad” forcing the Israeli government to implement Operation Ezra and Nehemiah which brought 120,000 Iraqi Jew to Israel in the space of a year.

    1951(7thof Shevat, 5711): Seventy-four year old Joseph W. Pincus the Russian born American agricultural expert who directed the Jewish Agricultural Society and editor of the Jewish Farmer passed away today.

    1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Soviet Union told the world that nine leading doctors ­ five of them Jewish ­ had "confessed" to the murder of Andrei Zhdanov, the secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, and Alexander Shcherbakov, the secretary of the Moscow Committee, and possibly other Soviet leaders. One of the accused was the chief medical officer at the Kremlin. This announcement was understood as the so-called "Doctors' Plot," a crude attack on Soviet Jewry by Stalin. Fears were expressed that such "revelations" would lead to an anti-Jewish purge and hysteria, and a possible forced "resettlement" of Soviet Jews in outlying areas. While Izvestia had already demanded "a special status for Jews," the free world and Jewish press described the charges as false, "fantastic" and completely unsubstantiated.

    1954:  Marilyn Monroe married Joe DiMaggio.  Ms. Monroe would later convert to Judaism and marry playwright Arthur Miller.

    1960: Birthdate of Eric Alterman, the creator of the political weblog “Altercation”

    1961: Ella Fitzgerald completed the recording of the “Harold Arlen Songbook” today which included sounds Broadway classics as “That Old Black Magic,” “It’s Only a Paper Moon” and “Over the Rainbow” which is popularly known as “Somewhere Over the Rainbow.”

    1962(9thof Shevat, 5722): Eighty-four year old Washingtonian and Georgetown University trained attorney, Milton Dammann “a partner in the law firm of Dammann, Roche and Goldberg” and the husband of “the former Reta Weil” with whom he had two children and the lawyer “who helped arrange the merger of the American Safety Razor Corporation” of which he became President, passed away today.

    1962(9thof Shevat, 5722): Seventy-three year old Mir, Russia native Leon Cooper, the 1910 graduate of CCNY, “president of the Cooper Safety Razor Corporation in Brooklyn and husband of Lucy Price Cooper with whom he had two children – George W. Cooper and Mrs. Arthur Kimelfield – passed away today.

    1964(29th of Tevet, 5724): Seventy-two year old Barney Sedran, the “Mighty Mite” who played for CCNY from 1909 to 1911 and then played for a series of pro teams into the 1920’s passed away today.

    1967: At the Alvin Theatre, after 127 performances, the curtain came on the Broadway revival of “Dinner at Eight” written by George S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber.

    1971(17thof Tevet, 5731): Seventy-three year old Russian born Abraham Gribetz, the husband of Ida Heller, the father of attorney Judah Gribetz, the grandfather of Bruce and Arthur Gribetz and the “executive vice president of the Hebrew Loan Society an institution “founded in 1892 to help need immigrants” to which he had devoted 53 years of his life passed away today.

    1971: Operation Bardas 20 took place today, to neutralize a guerrilla base in Lebanon, near Sidon, where about two dozen terrorists were training as frogmen. During the course of the raid, the commandos discovered a house with several women in it, and decided not to blow it up

    1971: This evening 325 guests attended a dinner honoring Judge Esther Untermann, the widow of William Untermann for her “75th birthday and 50th year of service to B’nai B’rith.”

    1973: “Mossad found out today about the plan to assassinate Golda Meir, when a sayan, or local volunteer, informed Mossad that he had handled two telephone calls from a payphone in an apartment block where PLO members sometimes stayed.”

    1973: After 14 performances at the Felt Forum, the curtain came down on “The Grand Music Hall of Israel” a revue in two acts starring Shoshana Damari.

    1975: The Soviet Union repudiates 1972 trade agreement with the U.S. in response to passage of the Jackson-Vanik Amendment.

    1978(6th of Shevat, 5738): British athlete Harold Abrahams passed away.  Born in 1899, Abrahams gained prominence as an Olympic runner during the 1920 and 1924 games.  He gained a wide measure of fame when his youthful accomplishments were featured in the film “Chariots of Fire.”

    1979: In Brooklyn, NPR broadcaster Robert Siegel and Jane Siegel gave birth to songwriter who commercial for the Topsy Foundation was a Clio Award.

    1981: “Scanners,” is a science-fiction horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg was released today in the United States.

    1984(10th of Shevat, 5744):  Paul Ben Haim, prominent Israeli composer, passed away at the age of 86.,+Paul

    1985(21stof Tevet, 5745): Ninety-three year old Dutch born American silent era film actress Jetta Goudal passed away today.

    1986:S. Simcha Goldman v. Weinberger, Secretary of Defense, et al in which a Jewish Air Force officer sought to have the right to wear a yarmulke when in uniform was argued before the U.S. Supreme Courtn

     1987: Israeli warplanes attacked Palestinian targets near the Syrian border today in the fourth raid on Lebanon in 10 days

    1988: Today an Israeli builder who is directly affected by the loss of his Arab workers sat in a trailer on a nearly abandoned construction site, grumbling about the workers from Gaza who did not show up for work for the 10th day in a row. ''I guess they couldn't get out of the Gaza Strip,'' he said.

    1990: At the Lincoln Center theatre, the curtain is scheduled to come down on the Broadway revival of Paddy Chayefsky’s “The Tenth Man”

    1990: Ninety-two year old Douglas Geoffrey, the chief assistant to, and official successor of Theodore Hardeen, the younger brother of Harry Houdini, who performed as Hardeen, Jr. after his patron’s death, passed away today.

     1992:John Herbert Adler began serving as a member of the New Jersey Senate from the 6th district.

     1992: In “Scuds Are Gone, but the Israelis' Fears Linger” Clyde Haberman describes the condition of the Israeli psyche a year after what became known as Gulf War I.

    1994(2nd of Shevat, 5754):Grigory Ivanov was stabbed to death by a terrorist in the industrial zone at the Erez junction, near the Gaza Strip. HAMAS claimed responsibility for the attack. 

    1995(13thof Shevat, 5755): Seventy-eight year old attorney Albert Hessberg II the Yale football player who was the first member of Skull and Bones passed away toda.

    1998: In “A Jew Stalin Killed Now Symbolizes Rebirth” Alessandra Stanley described the festival being held in Moscow in memory of “the great Yiddish actor and theater director Solomon Mikhoels was slain by Stalin's secret police, spelling the death of the Jewish theater in the Soviet Union.”  Stanley provides a full description of the role of Mikhoels in Russian life, the attack by Stalin and the conditions of Jewry in today’s post-Communist Russia.

    1999: Today, Jerry Falwell said "the Anti-Christ is probably alive today and is a male Jew." In his speech, he continued: "Is he alive and here today? Probably, because when he appears during the Tribulation period he will be a full-grown counterfeit of Christ. Of course he'll be Jewish. Of course he'll pretend to be Christ. And if in fact the Lord is coming soon, and he'll be an adult at the presentation of himself, he must be alive somewhere today."

    2000: Guitarist Marty Friedman performed for the last time with “Megadeth.”

    2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Constantine’s Sword: The Church and the Jews: A Historyby James Carroll.

    2002(1st of Shevat, 5762): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

     2002: A terrorist, named Raed al-Karmi, the 27-year-old leader of a local Palestinian militia, was killed by a bomb hidden beside a cemetery wall near his house.

    2002: Herb Gray completed his term as Deputy Prime Minister of Canada and retired from Parliament.

    2004: Former Enron finance chief, Andrew Fastow, pled guilty to conspiracy as he accepted a 10-year prison sentence.

    2004(20th of Tevet, 5764): A young Palestinian mother, feigning a limp and requesting medical help, blew herself up today at the entrance to a security inspection center for Palestinian workers, killing four Israeli security personnel and wounding seven people, the Israeli military said. The bomber, Reem al-Reyashi, 22, said in video released after her attack that ''it was always my wish to turn my body into deadly shrapnel against the Zionists and to knock on the doors of heaven with the skulls of Zionists.'' Ms. Reyashi left behind a son aged 3, and a year-old daughter.

     2006(14th of Tevet, 5766): Academy Award winning actress Shelly Winters passed away.

    2006: Skater Sasha Cohen won her first national gold medal at the U.S. Championships Saturday night in St. Louis.

    2007: The Sunday New York Times book section featured a review of About Alice by Calvin Trillin, a memoir about his wife Alice Trillin who died at the age of 63 after twenty-five year battle with lung cancer. The Timesalso featured a review of Heist: Superlobbyist Jack Abramoff, His Republican Allies, and the Buying of Washington by Peter Stone.

    2007: The front page of the Sunday Chicago Tribune featured an article by Ron Grossman entitled “Echoes of history: Holocaust voices resurface at IIT” that recounted the story of Professor David Boder who went to Europe in 1946 and electronically recorded the experiences of Holocaust survivors. 

    2008: In Washington, D.C. Journalist Charles Enderlin, the Jerusalem bureau chief for channel France 2, discusses and signs The Lost Years: Radical Islam, Intifada, and Wars in the Middle East.

    2008: Sports Illustrated reported that “Will Bynum ex-Georgia Tech basketball player is in hot water in Israel where he plays for Maccabi Tel Aviv.  He was arrested after allegedly driving into some outside a bar.  The victim survived.  Bynum says he’s innocent.”  In a departure from the tolerance Americans show for such behavior an official of Maccabi Tel Aviv told the media that “Bynum will no longer wear a Maccabi shirt.” The same magazine also published a column entitled “A Changeup for Bud’s Boys” advocating the purchase of the Chicago Cubs by Mark Cuban, the multi-millionaire grandson of Jewish immigrants from Russia.

    2008: “Gourmet's Diary of a Foodie” co-produced by Ruth Reichl was broadcast for the first time on PBS.

    2009:The Leo Baeck Institute and the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research present a screening of “What If? The Helena Mayer Story” followed by a discussion led by filmmaker Semyon Pinkhasov and James Traub, a journalist specializing in the responsibility of nations toward their citizens. Helena Mayer was a fencing instructor at Scripps College. She became Germany's woman fencing champion in 1930 and won a silver medal in the Berlin Olympics in 1936. She then settled in the US, became a citizen, and won the US Women's National Fencing Championship eight times.

    2009:  The Jewish film festival season kicks off with the opening of the 9thAtlanta Jewish Film Festival and 18th annual New York Jewish Film Festival

    2009:Israel Radio reported that the IDF was turning up the heat on Hamas this morning, with ground forces progressing slowly to prevent civilian casualties. The IAF had attacked some sixty targets in the Gaza Strip overnight, Israel Radio reported. The targets included 30 terrorists smuggling tunnels, weapons storage facilities and rocket launch squads.

    2009:Palestinian terrorists continued to attack Israeli civilian areas today, firing 18 projectiles by late afternoon, including a phosphorous mortar shell that hit the Eshkol region.

    2009: The New York Times featured a review of Never Tell A Lie by Hallie Ephron.

    2009: Gottschalks, which founded by German Jewish immigrant Emil Gottschalk in 1904 as a dry goods store in downtown Fresno, California, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

    2009: The Museum of Memory and Welcome was inaugurated today near Nardo, in southern Italy. Israel's ambassador to Italy and Rome's chief rabbi, Riccardo Di Segni, joined local officials for the ceremony. The museum, commemorating Jewish Holocaust refugees, opened near the Italian town that gave them shelter on their way to Palestine. Between 1943 and 1947, as many as 150,000 Jews fleeing Europe for Palestine, then still under British control, found shelter in and around Nardo, in the heel Italy's boot.

    2009: The first stage adaptation of My Name Is Asher Lev “debuts on professional stage in Philadelphia, PA.”

    2009: Three rockets were fired into Israel from Lebanon

    2009: In “Gentlemen and Scholars” published today Dan Laor describes the relationship between Shelomo Dov Goitein and Shmuel Yosef Agnon.

    2010: At the New York Jewish Film Festival, the U.S. premiere of a “Ahead of Time,” a documentary that tells the story of Ruth Gerber.

    2010: The 10thannual Atlanta Jewish Festival features a screening of “Breaking Upwards,” an anti-romantic indie comedy described as an Annie Hall for Generation Y that examines a stifled twenty-something New York Jewish couple who, battling codependency, decide to engineer the dismantling of their relationship.

    2010: Today, Silvyo Ovadya, the president of the Musevi Cemaati, or Jewish community, said the 23,000-member community has no immediate fear, but further tensions could "turn into anti-Semitism."

    2010: A bomb exploded near a small convoy of vehicles belonging to Israel's embassy in Jordan this afternoon. No one was hurt in the incident, which occurred some 20 kilometers from the border crossing at Allenby Bridge,

    2010 Members of the IDF medical teams preparing to spend two weeks in Haiti following a devastating earthquake received vaccinations today to prepare them for the stay in the country which is known for its poor medical infrastructure, Ash said.

    2010: The ZAKA delegation arrived in Haiti today after taking part in rescue operations, collection of bodies and identification at another disaster scene – the site of the helicopter crash in Mexico in which Jewish financier and philanthropist Moshe Saba was killed.

    2010: Goel Ratzon, an Israeli polygamist was arrested today on suspicion of enslavement, sexual abuse and rape.  Reportedly he lives with 17 women and has fathered as many as 89 children.

    2010: The man who shot up the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle building in July 2006 was sentenced to life in prison. One woman died and five were wounded when Naveed Haq attacked the Jewish agency. In an address to the court during his sentencing, Haq apologized for the shooting rampage "from the depth of my being," according to the Seattle Times.

    2011: Shabbat Tzedek celebrating 50 years in pursuit of justice with the Religious Action Center (RAC) is scheduled to begin.

    2011: Limmud NY 2011 is scheduled to begin at The Hudson Valley Resort in Kerhonkson, NY.

    2011: The head of the Labor Party’s internal court, attorney Amnon Zihroni, decided today to give Labor chairman Ehud Barak and two ministers who seek to replace him until Wednesday to reach a compromise on an agreed date for a key Labor convention that will decide whether to leave Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu’s coalition and advance the next Labor leadership race.

    2011: “The Dilemma” a comedy produced by Brian Grazer, with a script by Allan Loeb, co-starring Winona Ryder and music by Hans Zimmer was released today in the United States.

     2011: As the dispute over conversion bills and the definition of who is a Jew escalates, Pashkevilim were pasted in Jerusalem today that slam “those who promote fraudulent conversions without accepting the yoke of Torah and Mitzvot.” They were signed by most of the senior haredi Ashkenazi rabbis.

     2012: In an interview with the German newspaper Der Tagesspiel Hungarian born pianist and conductor András Schiff accused the Viktor Orbán government of racism, anti-Semitism and neo-fascism, and declared that he would never set foot in Hungary again

     2012: “Dear Mr. Waldman” is scheduled to be shown at Congregation Beth Sholom in Teaneck, MA.

     2012: “Bachelor Days Are Over” – featuring Sarah Adler - and “Mary Lou” - directed by Eytan Fox – are scheduled to have their New York Premiers at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2012: Today the Wall Street Journal reported that the U.S. has stepped up contingency planning in case Israel launches a military strike on Iran's nuclear facilities. According to the report, U.S. defense officials are becoming increasingly concerned that Israel is preparing to carry out such a strike.

    2012: The 3rdround of the Jordanian-sponsored talks between Israelis and Palestinians resumed tonight in Amman.

    2013: Jason Kander completed his service as a member of the Missouri House of Representatives and began serving as the 39th Secretary of State of Missouri.

    2013: “SENSO” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: “Numbered,” a “film that examines the…relationships of three Auschwitz survivors” is scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival

    2013: The National Council of Jewish Women is a co-sponsor of today’s screening of “The Invisible War” which is scheduled to take place at Temple Judea in Tarzana.

    2013: The Florida Department of Corrections agreed to serve kosher food to Jewish inmates, ending a five-year struggle that saw the US Justice Department file a lawsuit against the state

    2013: During 2011, Israel’s population grew by 1.8 percent, increasing the population by some 141,500 people to a total of 7,836,600 by the end of the year, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics report released today.

    2013: “Israeli soldiers discovered the opening of a large tunnel in Israeli territory dug from the Gaza strip which officials believe is intended for use in terror activity.” (JTA)

    2014: “For A Woman” is scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2014: The state of Israel is scheduled today to name “an Arrow anti-missile facility for the late Daniel Inouye the longtime Hawaii senator who championed Israel in the US Senate.” (As reported by JTA and the Times of Israel)

    2014(13thof Shevat): Yahrzeit for Kaufmann Kohler, one of the leading Reform Rabbis of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

    2014(13thof Shevat, 5774): Eighty six year old producer Richard “Dick” Shepherd who changed his name to avoid the stigma of being Jewish passed away today.

     2014: JTA informed is readers and supporters that “the board of directors has voted to move forward with final steps of a merger with MyJewishLearning.

    2014: “A right-wing Israeli civil rights organization today petitioned the High Court of Justice demanding that Justice Minister Tzipi Livni be made to respond to a New York court’s request for information in a landmark case filed by families of victims of Palestinian suicide bombings.” (As reported by Lazar Berman)

    2015: “Mayor de Blasio and Rabbis Near Accord on New Circumcision Rule” published today described attempts by New York City to regulate “metzitzah b’peh.”

    2015: Addressing a vocal crowd of activists and supporters, Isaac Herzog, the leader of the Labor-Hatnua party, this evening touted the newly elected lineup of his party as “the future leaders of Israel.”

    2015: The Argentinean prosecutor investigating the 1994 bombing of a Buenos Aires Jewish center today accused Argentina’s president and foreign minister of covering up Iran’s involvement in the attack.

    2015: Marisa Scheinfeld is scheduled to explain the process she used to create “Echoes of the Borscht Belt” a photographic record of the “degradation of some of the most famous Borscht Belt Hotels

    2015: “Like Brothers” and “The Muses of Isaac Bashevis Singer” are scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2015: The London Jewish Museum is scheduled to host “Teachers’ Evening: Teaching the Holocaust.”

    2015: “Life Sucks (Or the Present Ridiculous) written and directed by Aaron Posner is scheduled to open at Theatre J in Washington, DC.

    2015: “Man Seeking Woman, a television comedy series from Simon Rich, based on his The Last Girlfriend on Earth, premiered on FXX.”

    2015: An exhibition “Anne Frank: A History for Today” is scheduled to open at the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education.

    2015(23rd of Tevet, 5775): Seventy-one year old Mordechai Shumel Ashkenazi, Chief Rabbi of Kfar Chabad passed away today in Israel.

    2016: “Art of the Heart: The World of Isaiah Sheffer” is scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2016(4thof Shevat, 5776): Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yisrael Abuchatzeira, the great Sephardic sage and kabbalist known as the Baba Sali

    2007(16thof Tevet, 5777): Parashat Vayechi; Completion of the reading of the final portion of Bereshit (Genesis). 

    2017: The chaplains of The Oxford University Jewish Society are scheduled to host the Seudah this evening with a shiur given by Barcuh Zev Galinsky.

    2017: “The Women’s Balcony” and “Who’s Gonna Love Me Now?” are scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2017: The Conference of JOFA (Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance) is scheduled to begin this evening at the Kraft Center for Jewish Student Life.

    2017: The Paz Band is scheduled to perform on the final night of the Fourth Annual Winter Edition of the Tel Aviv Blues Festival.

    2018: “Speaking in Arabic to US-based satellite TV station Alhurra, Maj. Gen. Yoav Mordechai said” that “the Israeli military, helped by the “Jewish brain,” had devised a solution that would see all of Hamas’s cross-border tunnels into Israel destroyed.” (As reported by Tamar Pileggi)

    2018: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu touched down in New Delhi this afternoon, warmly embracing his Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, in a surprise ceremony at the airport, and celebrating a close personal bond that the two are hoping to parlay into further cooperation between their two countries.” (As reported by Joshua Davidovich)

    2018: In Atlanta, GA, the Bremen is scheduled to host a presentation by Hershel Greenblat, a Ukrainian who “survived because of the resourcefulness and determination of his parents in evading the Nazis.

    2018: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Ruined House by Ruby Namdar and Vivian Maier: A Photographer’s Life and Afterlife by Pamela Bannos

    2018: The 3rd Annual Jewish Review of Books Conference featuring Jeffrey Rosen, Daniel Gordis, Ruth R. Wisse, Peter Berkowitz, Deborah E. Lipstadt, Amos Yadlin and Elliot Abrams is scheduled to take place today at the Museum of Jewish Heritage.

    2018: In Wyoming, the Jackson Hole Jewish Community is scheduled to host two screenings of “Rosenwald.”

    2018: In Jaffrey, NH, The Park Theatre is scheduled to host two screenings of Aviv Kempner’s “Rosenwald.”

    2019: Curator Ilona Moradof is scheduled to lead a tour of the exhibition “Kindertransport – Rescuing Children on the Brink of War” which illuminates the organized rescue efforts that brought thousands of children from Nazi Europe to Great Britain in the late 1930s.

    2019: “Seder Masochism” is scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2019: Today, J.B. Pritzker is scheduled to begin serving as the Governor of Illinois making him the third Jew to serve in the position.






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    January 15

    588 BCE:  On the secular calendar, Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah's reign. The siege lasts until July 18, 586 BCE

    69: Servius Sulpicius Galba 6th emperor of Rome (68-69) was killed by Praetorian Guard in the Forum Rome.  Following the death of Nero, there was a power struggle.  Rome had four emperors in one year of whom Galba was one.  This state of anarchy came during the Jewish Revolt against the Romans.  The Jews actually had a year in which to improve their military position before the Romans resumed their attacks or to possibly negotiate some kind of peace.  The Jews squandered the chance by fighting among themselves, with the religious extremists becoming the dominant force.   When the dust had settled Vespasian was the Emperor and he sent his son Titus with reinforcements to crush the Jewish rebellion. 

    409: Roman emperors Honorius and Theodosius II decree that previous laws against pagans and Jews must continue to be enforced. "The Donatists and the rest of the vain heretics who refuse to be converted to the Catholic communion, including all Jews and pagans, must not imagine that any laws previously issued against them have diminished in force.” (The Donatists were a Christian sect that was seen as a rival to the Church at Rome.  In this case, the Jews may have been “collateral damage” as the Roman emperors used the Catholic Church to consolidate their political power)

    1559:  Coronation of Elizabeth I of England.  Elizabeth’s experience with Jews and Marranos was uneven, to say the least. By the end of her reign, small Morrano communities existed in Bristol and London.  Dr. Nunes, a secret Jew, was the first to bring word of the sailing of the Spanish Armada in 1588.  On the other hand, Dr. Lopez, also a secret Jew, was one of Elizabeth’s physicians.  He was accused of trying to poison the monarch; a charge which he died.  However, after being tortured in Tyburne prison, he confessed and was executed

    1582:  Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. There are reports of Jews living in Estonia as far back as the 14thcentury.  The Jewish community Livonia dated back to 1572. This change in “nationhood” had to be good news for the Jews of Livonia and Estonia since the 16th century Poland was a haven for Jews. They were protected by the monarchs, allowed to name a chief Rabbi and were governed by their own communal administration or Kahal.  According to one source, during the 16thcentury, three quarters of all the world’s Jews lived in Poland.

    1595: Murat III passed away.  During his reign as Sultan,the Ottoman Empire continued to be a comparatively good place for Jews to live as can be seen by  Murat relying on Izak Amon as an advisor and employing Doctor Domenico Yerushalmi and Doctor Eliezer Iskenderi as court physicians.

    1630: In Santa Engracia (Lisbon), Simon dias Solis, a young New Christian was seen near the local church (on his way to a rendezvous with a young woman) and was arrested for allegedly stealing a silver vessel from the church. After his hands were cut off he was dragged through the streets, and then burned. The real culprit, a common (Christian) criminal, admitted to the crime one year later. As a result, Solis's brother, a friar, fled to Amsterdam and reconverted to Judaism.

    1711(24th of Tevet, 5471): After two days, the fire that had burned its way through the Judengasse in Frankfurt came to an end. The fire claimed the lives of four and was so destructive that the Jews who had lost their homes were allowed to rent dwellings outside of the ghetto until new houses could be constructed. The 24thof Tevet became a day of communal fasting to mark the anniversary of this disaster.

    1746: Isaac Menes Seixas and Rachel Franks Levy gave birth to Gershom Mendes Seixas.

    1784: Congress resolved "that a triplicate of the definitive treaty [of peace] be sent out to the ministers plenipotentiary by Lieut.-Col. David S. Franks." Franks was a native of England who had settled in Montreal before the American Revolution.  He became a supporter of the patriot cause and joined a military unit from Massachusetts. He overcame unjustified charges of treason in the case of Benedict Arnold and went to serve his adopted homeland in several different capacities.

    1791: In Vienna, Anna Franziska and E. J. Grillparzer gave birth to dramatist Franz Grillparzer author of “The Jewess of Toledo,” a play “based on the alleged relationship between Alfonso VIII of Castile and his mistress Rahel la Fermosa which although not verified by contemporary documents became the fodder for numerous literary endeavors.

    1803: Birthdate of Nathan Marcus Adler (Natan ben Mordechai ha-Kohen) the native of Hanover who became Orthodox Chief Rabbi of the British Empire in 1845. (Date shown in Jewish Encyclopedia. Other sources show January 13, 1803)

    1815: In Bavaria, Abraham and Pessle Bendel gave birth to Henry Bendel, the husband of Mary Anker Bendel.

    1817: Birthdate of Elieser ben Meir Landshuth, the native of Lissa, Posen who gained fame as “liturgical scholar and historian” Leser Landshuth

    1822: In Baiertal, Simon Rothschild and Rosina Ullman gave birth to Baruch Rothschild.

    1822: Birthdate of Isidor Bush, the native of Prague who came to the United States after the failed Revolutions of 1848 ultimately settling in St. Louis where he became a leader of the fledgling Jewish community, a supporter of the abolitionist movement and ultimately an expert in viticulture who wrote The Bushberg Catalogue

    1825: In Bučovice, near Brno, Haus #12, South Moravia Leopold "Löbl" Strakosch, Jünger and Julia Strakosch gave birth to pianist and impresario Moises / Moritz / Maurice Strakosch

    1837: In Württemberg, Germany, Bernhard Frankfurter, the son of Moses Levi Frankfurter and Mirjam Landauerm and his wife Esther Frank gave birth to Sara Frankfurter,

    1840: A new Jewish School was opened in Riga with Rabbi Max Lienthal serving as principle. In recognition of the sentiments expressed in the sermon with which Lilienthal opened the school the emperor Nicholas presented him with a diamond ring.

    1842: Birthdate of Josef Breuer, Austrian physician and early founder of psychoanalysis.

    1842(4thof Shevat, 5602) Parashat Bo

    1842(4thof Shevat, 5602): Two year old Raphael Einstein, the son of Abraham Einstein and Helen Moos passed away today.

    1844:University of Notre Dame received its charter in Indiana.  The famous Catholic college is home to the Notre Dame Holocaust Project—an interdisciplinary faculty group that designs educational opportunities for students to engage in the study of the Shoah. Rabbi Michael A. Signer is Director of the Project.  For many students, he is the first Jewish religious leader with whom they have had any in depth contact.

    1848: Birthdate of Bible Scholar Arnold Bogumil Ehrlich, the native Wlodawa who became a citizen of the United States in 1881 whose works included Mik'ra Kiph'shuto ("The Plain Meaning of the Bible").

    1851: Birthdate of Alexander Moszkowski, the Polish born German satirist and science fiction writer whose The Islands of Wisdom published in 1922 “prophetically described mobile telephones and holography and the acceleration of our present-day high-tech information society.”

    1851: In Cayuga County, NY, the defense presents its case in the People v Baham, a murder case in which the victim was a popular Jewish peddler from Syracuse named Nathan Adler.

    1851: In Germany, Sara and Isidor Lewin Pinner gave birth to Felix Pinner.

    1852: One day after she had passed away, the former Rebecca Davids, the wife of David Barnard and the mother of Julia and Benedict Barnard was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”

    1852:  Mt. Sinai Hospital was incorporated by Sampson Simson and eight associates in New York City. It was the first Jewish hospital in the United States. A native of Danbury, Connecticut, Simson graduated from Columbia University with a law degree in 1800. Simson was well-known for his charitable contributions to both Jewish and non-Jewish causes.  Two years before his death in 1857, Simson was a co-founder of synagogue that would become known Beth Hamedrash Hagadol.

    1854: Two days after he had passed away, 66 year old Lewis Harris was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

    1855: Birthdate of Aristides Damalas who was known as Jacques Damala, the non-Jewish husband of Sarah Berhnhardt.

    1857: Birthdate of Julia Ehrenberg, the native of London who gained fame as concert pianist and operatic soprano Giulia Warwick.

    1858: Birthdate of Colonel Archibald Gracie IV the survivor of to leave the Titanic who had spent part of the voyage “discussing the Civil War with Isidor Strauss” who went down with the ship.

    1859: The Jews of San Francisco are scheduled to hold a meeting today to express their feelings over the kidnapping of the Mortara child and the refusal of the papal authorities to return him to his parents.

    1861: Today, as Southern states were seceding from the Union and it became apparent that war was inevitable, North Carolina’s Governor John W. Ellis began “the first definite endeavor” to have Major Alfred Mordecai resign from the United States Army and join the Confederate forces. The governor asked fellow North Carolinian, Representative Warren Winslow to offer Mordecai, who was a Tar Heel by birth and who many family members still living in the state, “ ‘a good position and a good salary’ if he would resign from the Army and take on ‘the work of putting N.C. on a war footing.’” Captain Theodore Laidly, a mutual friend of the two men, actually conveyed the offer to Mordecai, an offer the talented ordinance offer would refuse.

    1862: Birthdate of dance Loi Fuller whose rumored engagement to Jacob Cantor would keep him from being elected to New York’s 15th Congressional District in 1894.

    1864(7th of Shevat, 5624): Isaac Nathan passed away today in Sydney, Australia in what was the Land Down Under’s first fatal tram accident. Born in 1792 at Canterbury (UK), Nathan was the son of a chazzan who went to a musical career of his own in England and Australia.

    1866: In Switzerland, Jews are finally granted equal rights. It took yet another seven years for the Constitution to be changed.

    1868: In Philadelphia, the Ladies’ Hebrew Relief Sewing Association held its annual meeting at their rooms on Julianna Street and according to the Treasurer’s Report, the association has “a cash balance of $611.13.

    1870: It was reported today “that a large immigration of indigent Jews” will soon be on their way from Western Russia to the United States.  The Jews, most of whom are poor, are fleeing from persecution.

    1872: In an article published in Havazelet, Jeshua Heschel Levin of Volozin becomes the first to issue a call for a truly great National Jewish Library. Havazelet was an early Hebrew language newspaper which published articles by Eliezer Ben Yehuda among other notables.

    1874: In Chicago, Temple Sinai, a Reform congregation held Sunday services at Martin’s Hall.  The congregation’s original home had been destroyed during the Chicago Fire and its new home would not be finished until 1876.

    1876: Birthdate of Ibn Saud, the first king of Saudi Arabia whose rise to power destabilized parts of the Middle East, who kept his country neutral during WW II and who led his country in the fight against the creation of the State of Israel.

    1876(18thof Tevet, 5636): Shabbat Shemot; the start of the second book of the Torah

    1876(18thof Tevet, 5636): Eighty-three year old Max-Théodore Cerfberr the parliamentary deputy who read the rank of Colonel in the French Army and served as president of the Consistoire Central Israelite de France passed away today.

    1877(1stof Shevat, 5637): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

    1879: In Tokay, Hungary, Kate Deutsch and Jacob Feuerlicht gave birth to Morris Marcus Feuerlicht, a graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College who became the rabbi of Congregation Ahawas Achim in Lafayette, Indianan.

    1879: In New York, Mr. Henry Berg will deliver a lecture to the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at Chickering Hall entitled “Humanity and Civilization.”

    1879: James Levy, a New York Jew described as “a most expert swindler” pleaded guilty to one of the four charges against him – forgery, obtaining money by false pretenses and violation of the Hotel Act - and was sentenced to five years at hard labor in a New York state penitentiary.

    1881(15thof Shevat, 5641): Tu B’Shevat

    1884: Siegmund Mannheimer was appointed preceptor at the Hebrew University College.

    1885: Sigmund Mannheimer was appointed preceptor at Hebrew Union College.

    1887: Birthdate of Samuel Plutzik the native of Kovno who came to the United States in 1905 where he eventually “served as spiritual head of the Jewish community in Bristol, CT.”

    1887: Birthdate of Joseph Pearl, the native of Odessa who came to the United States in 1904 and became a successful hat manufacturer in Chicago, Illinois.

    1887: Birthdate of Romanian born American dentist and civic worker Maurice Samuel Calman.

    1888: Four days after he had passed away, 82 year old Jacob Magnus, the son of Lazarus Philip Magnus and Sarah Moses and the husband of the former Caroline Barnett with whom he had had five children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1889 The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is originally incorporated in Atlanta. In 1888, a customer  who had a headache came into Jacobs Pharmacy in Five Points which was owned by a prominent Atlanta Jew, Joe Jacobs, “and asked that John Stith Pemberton's tonic be mixed with seltzer water—and Coca-Cola was born." Coke been certified kosher, including kosher l’Pesach since 1935 thanks to the efforts of Rabbi Tobias Geffen

    1891: Birthdate of Osip Mandelstam Soviet poet and essayist. 

    1892: It was reported today that the late Cardinal Manning was held in such high esteem by non-Catholics that the Jews of London presented him with an address of praise when he celebrated his ordination jubilee.

    1892: James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball. A sport born at a YMCA quickly gained popularity with Jewish youngsters.  One sports writer even said that the game was uniquely suited to Jews because it called for people who were shifty and good with their hands. (Okay, it ia an anti-Semitic stereotype, but for once it is meant as a compliment.)  Jews figured prominently in the early days of the NBA and Abe Saperstein, with the Harlem Globetrotters, was the first person to give a comparatively large number of African-Americans a chance to play basketball for pay.

    1892: It was reported today that the President of Young Men’s Hebrew Association of America, Alfred M. Cohen has said that he could think of “no better work” for the Association than to provide for the influx of Jewish immigrants from Russia.  He expressed special concern for providing proper education for the young immigrants who will need it to meet their “altered conditions.”

    1893: It was reported today from Tangiers that Mohammed Benivda, the governor in Morocco has been imprisoning Jews and subjecting them to the last before finning them.  The Jews have broken no law and the governor is doing this simply as a way of making money.

    1893(27thof Tevet, 5653): In New York Dr. Eleazar Phillips, the author of Passages from the Prophets passed away unexpectedly this afternoon.  Born at Schiverin (Prussia) in 1809, he came to the United States in 1849 where he lived in St. Louis and Cincinnati before settling in New York where he served as rabbi for Adas Israel for 25 years.  Among his survivors is Emanuel Phillips, a grandson who teaches at the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.

    1893: Members of the Cloakmakers Union held a meeting this evening at the Hebrew Institute in Manhattan. (The choice of meeting places indicates the close association between the Jewish people and the American working class, especially in the garment industry)

    1893: It was reported today that in one three room apartment on the Lower East Side a family composed of six Jewish immigrants from Russia shared their space with 15 boarders, most of whom were infected with Scarlet Fever.  This was considered to be the most deplorable of the various unsanitary living conditions which were common throughout New York’s tenements.

    1893: Birthdate of Sacki Moses one of those listed on “a memorial monument for the fallen Jewish Soldiers of World War I” located at the Jewish cemetery in Kleinsteinach.

    1894: At a meeting held today In Philadelphia, PA, a new Auxiliary Association of Congregation Rodeph Shalom was formed with the aim of furthering “the religious, educational and moral undertakings of the Congregation…”  It replaced the Jewish Cultural Association which had been formed by members of Rodeph Shalom.

    1894:  Birthdate of songwriter and music scout, Irving Mills.  Mills played a key role in the development of jazz because of his willingness to work with talented black musicians.  He is credited with “discovering” Cab Callaway and Duke Ellington.  His most famous hit was “It Don’t Mean a Thing If It Ain’t Got No Swing.”

    1895: Two days after he had passed away, Eugene Beaver was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1895: In Random, Poland, “Abraham and Johayed (Landau) Verdi gave birth Jekutiel Z. Verdi, the Rutgers University graduate and Petaluma, CA ranch owner whose an active Zionist, member of  B’nai B’rith and Histradruth Ivrith.

    1895: Due to “the mysteries and intrigue of the Dreyfus affair” Casimir-Perier “hand in his resignation as President of the French Republic” today.

    1895: “The North German Anti-Semites” are supposed to meet in Berlin today to decide if they shall accept Hermann Ahlwardt as a member since “he wishes to join the Parliamentary group of ‘jew-baiters’ instead of occupying…a seat in the visitor’s row.”

    1895: It was reported today that the claim that some Jews are opposing William Brookfield’s attempt to be re-elected of the Republican County Committee because of his affiliation with the Union League “does not hold water” as can be seen by the support he is getting from Benjamin Oppenheirmer.  (The Union League had blackballed a candidate because he was Jewish and, following the resignation of its remaininh Jewish members was proudly “Jew free’.)

    1896: In Russia, Hyman and Sadie Stillman Varbalow gave birth to Anna Varbalow and her twin brother Joseph Varbalow, the University of Pennsylvania trained attorney and District Court Judge in Camden, NJ where he and his family, including his wife Dorothy, became prominent members of the Jewish community

    1896: Jacob Schiff was among those attending the “fifth annual meeting of the University Settlement Society” which among other things seeks to create “a better understanding between the rich and the poor.”

    1896: “The Young Ladies and Gentlemen’s League of the Montefiore Home gave a reception and dance” this evening at the Carnegie Lyceum.

    1896: In Dusiat, Lithuania, “Hebrew-Yiddish writer Arye-Khayim Goldin” and his wife gave birth to author Yitskhok Goldin.

    1898: It was reported today that that there was a renewal of anti-Zola demonstrations in Paris where students “paraded down the boulevard St. Michel shouting: ‘Down with Zola!’  ‘Down with the Jews!’”

    1898(21st of Tevet, 5658): Seventy-one year old Solomon Latz passed away in New York City. He came to the United States fifty years ago and became a successful real estate dealer.   He retired twenty years but remained active in communal affairs serving as President of the B’nai B’rith Home in Yonkers and a trustee for the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, the Montefiore Home and Mount Sinai Hospital.

    1899:  Birthdate of Goodman Ace, American radio/TV actor/writer/columnist/humorist.

    1899: It was reported today that under a law recently passed by the Imperial Senate, Jews in Russia do not have the right name their own children as they please.  Jews are only allowed to use Biblical names and they may not use a modernized form of these.  The police have the power to regulate these and other rules which mean Jews may use only the Hebrew or Yiddish forms of names. 

    1899: Sydney S. Weil of Baltimore who joined the U.S. Navy in 1896 as a Machinist completed his enlistment today.

    1899: “Untaxed Property Worth  $96, 162, 500” published today provided a compilation of the valuations of all of New York City’s tax exempt property including  2 Mt. Sinai Hospital properties, $360,000 and $175,000; Mt. Sinai Dispensary, $96.000; Hebrew Institute, $400,000; Hebrew School on 104th Street, $5,000

    1900: In Braddock, PA, founding of The Young Men’s Social Club whose members included Israel Rosenbloom, William Altman, Jesse Bachman and Joseph Altman.

    1902: In South Carolina, Rabbi J.J. Simenhoff officiated at the wedding of Nathan Krapp and Blanche Durien.

    1903: Herzl met with Lord Rothschild. Herzl shows him the correspondence with the British government and asks for three million pounds from the I. C. A. for the Jewish Eastern Company

    1904: In Belarus, Morris L. and Sara Fay Reznick gave birth to Hyman Reznick who co-founded the Halevi Choral Society in 1926.

    1904: The American Hebrew reported that Michael Levi Rodkinson who had produced the first English translation of the full Babylonian Talmud had passed away nine days ago.

    1904: In Passaic, NJ, Michael and Fanny (Levine) Applebaum gave birth to Juilliard trained violinist and composer  Samuel  Applebaum, the holder of doctorates of music from Gettysburg College and Southwestern College and teacher at several schools including Fairleigh Dickinson, Kean College and Seton Hall who was the husband of Sada Rothman and the father of Lois and Michael Applebaum

    1906: Birthdate of Heinrich Kratina who was hung at the age of 38 for his membership in the anti-Nazi Ehrenfeld Group.

    1906: In a brief session of the State Assembly held tonight at Albany, one of the “resolutions reach which went over without debate” was one expressing sympathy for the Jews of Russia.

    1907: The Executive Committee held its third meeting during the opening of the Convention of the Union of American Hebrew Conventions meeting in Atlanta, GA.

    1908: Miller v. Oregon was argued before the Supreme Court today in Louis Brandeis” “as additional counsel for the State of Oregon” had “filed a voluminous brief in support of the Oregon law.”

    1908: In Budapest, pianist Ilona Deutsch and attorney “Miksa (Max) Teller” gave birth to Ede Teller who gained fame as physicist Edward Teller, the father of the Hydrogen Bomb.

    1908: In Baltimore, “Bessie and Louis Goldstein, Jewish immigrants from Warsaw” gave birth to Johns Hopkins trained electoral engineer Maxwell Goldstein who was a leader in developing anti-submarine technology during WW II.

    1909:  Birthdate of Elie Siegmeister. “Elie Siegmeister is one of the large group of American composers who have productive careers -- as performer and influential educator as well as composer in this case -- but who are hardly known to the public. Siegmeister was born in New York "into an upper- middle-class family of Russian-Jewish origin." His father's enthusiasm for serious music infected young Elie, and he studied music theory and composition first at Columbia, then in Paris with Nadia Boulanger. After four years in Paris, he returned to New York, where he spent the rest of his life. During the 1930s, he was involved with the Composers' Collective of New York, a group whose project was to introduce "classical" music to students and workers. In the 1940s, Siegmeister continued in that vein by incorporating "the American folk-song tradition" in his compositions. ‘Many of his most popular works come from this period and coincide with an overall shift in American composition towards music of simplicity and directness.’" He passed away in 1991.

    1909: “If Charities Unify They Get $1,000,000” an article published today described the terms of the will of Louis A. Heinsheimer who passed away on January 1 of this year.  According to the will, Heinsheimer will contribute $1,000,000 to the Jewish charities of New York if these institutions consolidate to form one organization or form a federation that will collect and distribute funds for the Jewish charities. Regardless of which format is chosen six charities – Mount Sinai Hospital, the Hebrew Benevolent Orphan Asylum of the City of New York, the Montefiore Home for Chronic Invalids and Country Sanitarium for Consumptives, the Educational Alliance, the Home for Aged and Infirmed Hebrews of New York and the United Hebrew Charities – must all agree to join for them to get the million dollar bequest. The charities have one year to create the new organization. The new organization would not be limited to these six charities and all such similar organizations would be invited to join.  Heinsheimer was a supporter of the federation format which is used in many other cities because it enabled the maximum amount of money to be raised with least amount of cost. Failure will mean that United Hebrew Charities will get $100,000 and the Montefiore Home will get $25,000. Heinsheimer left many generous bequests to family members including approximately one million dollars to his brother, Alfred M. Heinsheimer. The estate is reported to be valued at five million dollars.  The executors include Jacob H. Schiff, Alfred M. Heinsheimer, Felix Warburg, Paul M. Warburg and Mortimer L. Schiff.

    1911: Birthdate of Berlin native Martin Herzberg, the child actor whose career began in 1922 with “David Copperfield” and ended in 1930 with “The Last Company” and “Father and Son.”

    1911: Birthdate of Seymour Arnold Feuerman the Brooklyn native who gained fame as Cy Feuer the “American theatre producer, director, composer, musician, and half of the celebrated, legendary producing duo Feuer and Martin who was the winner of three competitive Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre and a Lifetime Achievement Tony Award.”

    1911: Burial of 59 year old of Dr. Georg Jellinek the son Rabbi Dr. Adolf Jellinek and Rosalie Jellinek and the husband Camilla Jellinek.

    1912: Birthdate of Elise Ashern, the Chicagoan who gained fame as a painter and poet.

    1912: In Chicago, Sidney B. Heilbrun married Marian Baer, the daughter of Mrs. Rebecca Baer at the Hotel Sherman.

    1913(7thof Shevat, 5673): Sixty-nine year old “communal worker” Leopold Herman passed away today in New York City.

    1914: In Amsterdam, Esther “Etty Hillesum, Riva (Rebecca) Bernstein and Levie (Louis) Hillesum gave birth to Esther "Etty" Hillesum, the young Jewess  whose letters and diaries, kept between 1941 and 1943 describe life in Amsterdam during the German occupation. She died at Auschwitz in in 1943.

    1914: In Chicago, Nathan and Eva (Yankovith) Haberman gave birth to U of Texas graduate and Ohio State University Ph.D Sol Haberman, the award winning microbiologist and department director at Baylor University Medical Center who was the husband of Carleta Jeanne Rambo.

    1915: In Germany, premiere of “Der Golem” which was called The Monster of Fate in the United States, “a silent horror film…inspired by the ancient Jewish legend” directed by Henrik Galeen who also co-authored the script.

    1915: “Missions Face A Crisis” published today described the additional burdens being placed on religious organizations because of the World War including Jews who “have big burdens in the Near East and a possible Palestine State.”

    1915: “Palestine Fruit in Aid of Jews” described a plan to sell “half a million dollars’ worth of oranges at $5 per case in the United States, “the proceeds of which will devoted to the relief of suffering Jews in Palestine.”

    1915: It was reported today that those wishing to buy one or more cases of oranges from Palestine as part of a fundraiser to aid the Jews living there should send their order to Mrs. Maurice Wertheim who is chairing the fund raising committee whose members included Mrs. Louis Marshall, Mrs. J.C. Magnes, Mrs. Leopold Stern, Miss Henrietta Szold, Mrs. Richard Stein, Mrs. Cyrus L. Sulzberger and Mrs. Stephen Wise.

    1915: The Hahambashi of Turkey protests the creation of schools designed to convert Jews to Christianity.  The schools are located in the Haskoy quarter of Constantinople. He is assured the school will be closed, and not reopen. At request of the Hahambashi, the Ministry of Public Instruction cedes the building of the missionary school over to the Jewish community.

    1916: Birthdate of Amsterdam native and self-made Dutch real estate tycoon Murits “Maup” Caransa whose “Aryan” look helped him escape the Nazi death camps where his parents and three brothers were killed.

    1916(10thof Shevat, 5676): Parashat Bsehalach

    1916(10thof Shevat, 5676): Seventy-five year old “manufacturer, banker and philanthropist” Max Adler, a retired partner “in the firm of Strouse, Adler and Co.” and “a liberal contributor to Hebrew philanthropies in New England” passed away today in New Haven, CT.

    1916: “It was announced” today “by the American Jewish Relief Committee…that the total of the contributions received by committee to date for relief of Jews in war countries had reached $1,145,217.”

    1916: It was reported today that among the contributions received by the national fund for providing relief to the Jews in Europe was $100 from the Cedar Rapids Ladies; Aid Society, $33 from the Y.M.H.A. of Burlington, Iowa and $50 from the Little Rock Association.

    1917: Birthdate of Pennsylvania native Louis “Lou” Dymond who played center for the Villanova football team from 1936 through 1938.

    1917: Four days after he had passed away, 89 year old Herman Boas, a native of Germany who was the husband of Caroline Spears with whom he had had seven children was buried at the Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland.

    1917: It was reported today that Rabbi Kaufman Kohler has applied the terms “irreligious” and “un-American” “to some of the movements now on foot among Jews” including “Zionism” which “he said embodied views diametrically opposed to the Jewish faith.”

    1917: In Baltimore, MD, on the evening prior to the start of the conventions of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and the National Federation of Temple Sisterhoods, “Har Sinai Temple was crowded at the opening religious service” which featured a sermon “by Dr. David Philipson of Cincinnati” who “protested against the Zionistic movement, holding that internationalism alone would enable the Jews to retain their place among the nations.”

    Dr. David Philipson of Cincinnati is scheduled to deliver a sermon at Har Sinai Temple.

    1917: In Germany, premiere of “The Golem and the Dancing Girl” the second in trilogy of horror films based on the myth of the Rabbi controlled Giant.

    1918:  Birthdate of Gamal Abdel Nasser.  Nasser was an officer in the Egyptian Army.  He helped engineer the coup that ended the reign of the corrupt King Farouk in 1953.  The Israelis were hopefully that the new regime would accept the Jewish state and end hostilities.  Such was not the case.  Nasser became President of Egypt in 1954 and served as virtual dictator until his death in 1970.  Nasser was a Pan-Arabist who had a secular version of Bin Laden’s dream.  As part of his dream, Nasser was committed to the destruction of the state of Israel.  He opened the Middle East to the influence of the Soviet Union and became a virtual client of the Communists in order to get the weapons of war he thought would bring him victory.  His greatest miscalculation resulted in the Six Day War of 1967.  Nasser did put the conflict with Israel in its true perspective.  He said that he did not hate the West because of Israel; he hated Israel because it was of the West.  In other words, peace would not come to the Middle East even if Israel were destroyed.  Peace would only come when there was an end to Western influence in the swath of land stretching from Morocco to Indonesia.

    1918: In the Hague, The Jewish Correspondents Bureau learned from sources in Berlin that the “Polish Ministers of Justice and Social Affairs have conferred with Jewish leaders and members of Municipal Councils regard the settlement of the Jewish question in Poland.

    1918(2ndof Shevat, 5678): Twenty-nine year old Captain Jake Stein of Bessemer, Alabama passed away today at Camp Beauregard.

    1919: Martin Grove Brumbaugh who in 1916 “issued a proclamation to the people of Pennsylvania call up them to set aside January 27 as a day on which to make donations for the relief of the Jewish people in the various countries at war” completed his services as the 26th Governor of Pennsylvania

    1919 (14th of Shevat 5679):  Rosa Luxembourg Marxist revolutionary and leader of the German Spartacus League was murdered by members of the Frei Korps, a group that later would support the Nazis.  Luxembourg was attempting to lead a Communist Revolution in Germany that would follow the lead of Lenin’s successful revolt a year earlier.

    1919: Birthdate of “Maurice Herzog, a French alpinist who was hailed as a hero in his country in 1950 when he and a fellow climber became the first men to conquer a peak of more than 26,000 feet, that of Annapurna I in the Himalayas…” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    1921: After Henry Ford’s Dearborn Independent stated that Benedict Arnold had ‘served as a Jewish front,’” today, “leading newspapers” published “a proclamation…in which 121 prominent Americans, including all living former presidents, denounced Ford’s division and un-American campaign.”

    1921: The Israel Cantor Family is scheduled to “run a dance today at Westminster Hall for the benefit of war sufferers.”

    1921: London born featherweight David Frush, who fought as “Danny Frush” fought his 41stbout which he won on points.

    1921: John S. Fine of Denver was “re-appointed assistant district attorney-general of Colorado” today.

    1922: In Vilnius, Lithuania, Jacob Kowarski, a landlord, and the former Rose Joffe, a dentist gave birth to Mira Kowarski who gained fame as Mira Rothenberg, a “pioneer in therapy for children.”

    1923(27thof Tevet, 5683): Sixty-seven year old Buffalo born, Boston trained cigar maker Henry Abrahams, the secretary of Cigar Makers’ International Union of America Local 70 in Cambridgeport and Local 97 in Boston and the “president of the Massachusetts State Branch of the American Federation of Labor from 1889 to 1890.

    1923: In Glasgow, Jack Morris Cutler, “a wholesale jeweler” and his wife gave birth to Isador Cutler the WW II RAF veteran who gained fame as “poet, songwriter and humorist” Ivor Cutler.

    1924: New York native Herman Silverberg, the bantamweight who fought under the name of Herman “Kid” Silvers fought his sixth bout.

    1925: Benny Leonard announced his retirement from boxing today as the reigning World Lightweight Champion because his mother wanted him to.

    1926: Birthdate of Herman Ginsberg.  Born in Kansas City, MO to Rose and Izzy Ginsberg, Herman grew up in Cedar Rapids, IA.  As the longtime proprietor of Ginsberg’s Jewelers, Herman is pillar of the Cedar Rapids business community.  A member of Temple Judah, Herman’s contributions and involvement in the Jewish community are too numerous to mention here.  But most important of all, today marks the birthdate of man who is a mensch in the truest sense of the term.

    1927: The City College Club, composed of 1,000 City College (NY) alumnae announced that Supreme Court Justice Alfred Frankenthaler had been elected President of the organization.

    1929: Birthdate of Reverend Dr Martin Luther King.  Dr. King’s birthdate is a good time to remember the role that Jews and Jewish values played in the American Civil Rights Movement. 

    1930: Josephine Esther Mentzer married Joseph Lauter.  She changed the spelling of the name from Lauter to Lauder and became Estee Lauder.

    1930: In Danville, PA, Joseph Sherin, “textile worker” and “Ruth Berger, a homemaker” gave birth to Edwin Sherin, the director of the “1987 docudrama, ‘Lena: My Hundred Children’” which was revision of the Israeli documentary “Mea Yeladim Sheli” or in English “My Hundred Children.”

    1930(15thof Tevet, 5690); Seventy-five year old Ida Cohen, the wife Eduard Cohen passed away today in

    1930: Birthdate of David Zelag Goodman, the Manhattan native who became a prolific screenwriter who, with Sam Peckinpah, wrote “Straw Dogs” and was nominated for an Academy Award for his work on the romantic comedy “Lovers and Other Strangers.” (As reported by Daniel Slotnik)

    1932(7thof Shevat, 5692): Eighty-four year old Dr. Henry Illoway, the son of Rabbi Bernhard Illoway and Katherine Schiff and the Miami Medical College trained physician who was the “professor of Diseases of Children at the Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surger and the visiting physician at the Jewish Hospital in Cincinnati” passed away today.

    1932: In Chicago, Abie Bain “was an unsuccessful contender for the Light Heavy Weight Championship of the World today when he TKO’d in the first round.

    1932: U.S. premiere of “Forbidden” a melodrama based on Back Street by Fannie Hurst produced by Harry Cohn with a script by Jo Swerling.

    1935: Birthdate of Robert Silverberg, American science fiction writer. Silverberg is a multiple winner of the “Hugo”.  Science fiction and fantasy author Robert Silverberg is known for such novels as Dying Inside, Son of Man, and Lord Valentine's Castle. His short fiction includes "Nightwings" (later an award winning novel), "A Time of Changes", "Good News from the Vatican", and "Born with the Dead". In his 40 years as an author Silverberg has won five Nebula Awards and four Hugos and is a past president of the Science Fiction Writers of America. Science fiction icon Isaac Asimov once said of him, "Where Silverberg goes today, the rest of science fiction will go tomorrow!" 

    1935: Birthdate of award winning filmmaker Saul Irwin Landau

    1936:  “Sir Herbert Samuel and Simon marks are scheduled to set sail aboard the Majestic today “on a special mission to the United States in connection with the increasing difficulties” facing the Jews of Germany.

    1936: The Women’s League for Palestine held its fourth annual luncheon at the Waldorf Astoria today where it launched a campaign to raise $50,000 to finish building a home in Tel Aviv for Jewish refugee girls from twenty different countries including those fleeing Nazi Germany.  Mrs. William Prince, president of the League, sought to raise $25,000 from today’s donor luncheon.

    1937: Tonight, Heinrich Himmler, “chief of political police” responded to the protests from the Berlin Catholic Diocese over Nazi attacks on Christianity with a broadcast that “we will seek out and persecute” the opponents to Hitler’s State” whoever “they dare to be.”

    1937: In New Orleans, “unity among Jews and joint responsibility of layman and rabbi as ‘spokesmen’ of the synagogue were stressed today at the opening of the Council of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations” which opened with a speech from Jacob W. Mack of Cincinnati, chairman of the Executive Board of the Council of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.

    1938: Today, the Secretariat of the League of Nations received “a petition signed by Rabbi Stephen S. Wise as president of the executive committee of the World Jewish Congress asking” that for an urgent response to “his request that the League of Nations Council fully restore legal rights to Jews in Rumania.

    1938: Inky Lautman, who may have been the youngest professional basketball player in history scored 10 points as the Philadelphia Sphas defeated the Brooklyn Visitations. (As reported by Bob Wechsler.

    1939: “L'Osservatore Romano, the official newspaper of the Vatican, publishes a homily by Bishop Giovanni Cazzani of Cremona supporting the Italian anti-Semitic race laws because they accomplish something the Church has long sought: to reverse Jewish emancipation.”

    1939: Alfred Rosenberg, the Nazi leader who would be executed after the Nuremberg Trials in 1946 expressed his opposition to a Jewish state in Palestine

    1939: Today, during the Spanish Civil War Robert Capa, the Hungarian born Jewish combat photographer and photo journalist photographed “civilians from the threatened town of Tarragona on their way to seek refuge in Barcelona, before that city itself had to be evacuated.”

    1939: Today, during the Spanish Civil War Robert Capa, the Hungarian born Jewish combat photographer and photo journalist photographed “Civilians from the threatened town of Tarragona pushing their wagon on their way to seek refuge in Barcelona, before that city itself had to be evacuated.”


    1939: Today, during the Spanish Civil War Robert Capa, the Hungarian born Jewish combat photographer and photo journalist captured the after-math of war with a photo of “discarded clothing and bedding on the road from Tarragona to Barcelona.

    1939: Birthdate of Bristol born yachtsman Tony Bullimore.

    1939: Dr. Peter Gradenwtiz reports on the opening of the Palestine Orchestra’s third season.  The orchestra was officially launched in December of 1936 with a concert conducted by Arturdo Toscanini.  Conductors for this year’s Winter Season, which actually began in November, include Dr. Malcom Saregent, Issay Dobrowen and Georg Szell.  Dr. Gradenwitz also reports that the Palestine branch of the International Society for Contemporary Music which was founded in 1938 opened its concert series with a program devoted to the works of Maurice Ravel.

    1942: Fifty-six year old Oskar Blumenthal was transported from Terezin to Riga today after which he was murdered.

    1943: In a tribute to the late Dr. Arthur Ruppin appearing the New York Times Book Section, Louis E. Leventhal writes “Dr. Arthur Ruppin, who died recently in Jerusalem at the age of 67, after nearly forty years of intensive but modest labor in promoting the colonization and modernization of the Holy Land deserves an expression of tribute on behalf of the numerous friends and admirers he won in the United States as well as in many other countries.”

    1943: The Germans emptied the detention camp at Zaslaw and placed the Jews in trains to be sent to Belzac to be gassed. Given neither food nor water, the train remained stationary for three days. All but one of the prisoners was eventually killed. He was Emil Manaster who was able to jump from the train and found sanctuary with his sister Jaffa, with Jozef Zwonarz, a Polish engineer.

    1943: The first transport of Jews from Amsterdam was sent to concentration camp Vught located in southern Holland.

    1943: A non-Jewish Polish woman and her one-year-old child are shot at the Pilica River in Poland because the woman has aided Jews.

    1943: Seventy-seven Jews leap from a deportation train traveling east from Belgium. Most are hunted down and killed by German and Flemish SS troops

    1944: At the Vught Concentration Camp 74 women were put in 1 cell. Ten died of the overcrowding.

    1944: The Jews of Belgium were among the latest victims of the German efforts to rid smaller areas of their Jewish population. Most were sent to Birkenau.

    1945: Birthdate of David John Pleat, the native of Nottingham, “an English football payers turned manager and sports commentator.”

    1945 (1st of Shevat, 5705): All Jewish women at the Brodnica labor camp who were too sick or weak to be moved were shot.

    1945: As the Americans went on the offensive in what was known as the Battle of the Bulge, the Big Red One, including Samuel Fuller, launched its part of the Allied counteroffensive to reduce the Bulge.

    1945: SS camp officials report that there are almost 54,000 prisoners in the Ravensbrück camp, including nearly 8,000 men.. Ravensbrück had grown into an administrative center for more than 40 subcamps located near armaments factories across east-central Germany. (Jewish Virtual Library)

     1945: During its major winter offensive, the Soviet Army freed Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp.  As the war came to an end, many Jews had a mistakenly positive view of the Soviet Union because she was seen as the liberator of concentration camps.

    1948: The issue of the Phoenix Jewish News was published today.  By the end of the year, M.B. Goldman and Joseph S. Stocker would become co-publisher, changing the paper from a monthly to a bi-weekly and changing its name to the Jewish Jews of Greater Phoenix

    1948(4thof Shevat, 5708): A platoon of 35 volunteers - half from Palmach and half from Hish - on its way to reinforce those holding the Etzion Bloc, was ambushed and killed by 100s of armed Arabs.  The Jews fought to the last man. 

    1948(4thof Shevat, 5708): Seventy-two year old Jacob William Mack, who served as chairman of the executive board of the Hebrew Union College, president of Wise Temple, president of the International Garment Manufacturers and chairman of the Mack Shirt Corporation passed away today in Cincinnati, Ohio.

    1948: Jewish settlers, using aircraft for the first time, beat off a heavy Arab attack on settlements at Kfar Etzion, near Hebron, today. The fight there, and others in Haifa and near Beersheba, produced one of the heaviest daily casualty lists to date, with twenty-nine killed and seventy-five wounded so far.

    1949: After 23 performances “The Rape of Lucretia” with Kitty Carlisle in the title role and Brenda Lewis as the Female Chorus closed out its first production on Broadway.

    1949: After 5 performances at the Lyceum Theatre, the curtain came down “The Smile of the World” written by Garson Kanin

    1951: Ilse Koch, "The Bitch of Buchenwald", wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment by a court in West Germany.

    1953: The Jerusalem Post was preoccupied with the "Doctors' Plot," the false charges instigated by Kremlin against Jewish physicians, but aimed by Stalin against the entire Soviet Jewry. In Rangoon, at the Asian Socialist Conference, Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett said that Soviet charges against Jewish doctors showed the Russians intended to "pursue with vengeance the line of making Jews a scapegoat." The Knesset and numerous Jewish organizations severely denounced this new, most dangerous and unjustified development. The Times of London perceived the possibility that the "Doctors' Plot" would be followed by the creation of controlled anti-Semitism, massive arrests and deportations.

    1953: The Jerusalem Post reported that The Asian Socialist Conference in Rangoon had urged Israel and the Arab states to recognize the existing borders as the first step towards the solving the Palestine conflict and urged the adoption of a similar policy for India and Pakistan

    1953: A month after premiering in Los Angeles, “The Bad and the Beautiful” starring Kirk Douglas and with music by David Raskin was released in the rest of the United States today.

    1954: “Knights of the Round Table” produced by Pandro S. Berman was released in the United States today.

    1955(21stof Tevet, 5715): Parashat Shemot; Start reading the second book of the Torah.

    1955(21stof Tevet, 5715): Seventy-two year old Baron Louis de Rothschild who headed the Vienna branch of the famed banking house when the Nazi annexed Austria passed away today.

    1955: A television version “Naught Marietta,” an operetta which was first successfully produced by Oscar Hammerstein in 1910 was broadcast today.

    1955: Dmitri Shostakovich's "From Jewish Folk Poetry" premiered in Leningrad.

    1956(2ndof Shevat, 5716): Eighty-year old Rabbi Jacob L. Andron, the Russian born son of Rabbi Samuel I Andron and “Frume Rachel” Andron and the husband of Yetta Andron with whom he had five children—Esther, Judith, David, Philip and Elihu— whose career as an educator included the founding of the Rabbi Jacob Joseph School and whose career as a resort executive included ownership of the Prince Michael Hotel in Miami Beach passed away today.

     1956: Birthdate of Minnesota native Marc Tressman who for two years served as head coach of the Chicago Bears making him the only Jew to hold such a position; a position from which he was fired after compiling a record of 13 wins and 19 losses.

    1957: A ranking official of Youth Aliyah, an international agency devoted to the rescue and rehabilitation of Jewish children, expressed sharp concern over what he termed "virulent anti-Semitism" among Hungarian refugees in Austria.  The Hungarians, Jew and Gentile alike, had taken refuge in Austria following the failed Hungarian uprising against the Soviets in the fall of 1956.

    1960(15thof Tevet, 5720): Eighty-seven year old Bohemian born and Prague trained medical doctor Ernest Peter Pick who fled Austria after the Anschluss and settled in the United States in 1939 “where he joined the medical staffs of Columbia University and Mount Sinai Hospital and who was the husband of “the former Margaret Janssen” passed away today.

    1960: When Israel move’s forces to its northern border in response to Syrian shelling from the Golan Heights, the Soviet Union deliberately seeks to heighten the crisis by misleadingly telling the Syrians that the Israeli’s are massing for an attack.

    1962(10thof Shevat, 5722): Sixty-two year old actor Kenneth MacKenna, the grandson of Rabbi Moses Mielziner passed away today.

    1964(1st of Shevat, 5724): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

    1964: Birthdate of Bruce Schneier, computer programmer and author.

    1964:  David Merrick’s “Hello Dolly” opens on Broadway.

    1967: An exhibition featuring Chanukah candelabras and lamps is scheduled to come to an end at the Jewish Museum in NYC.

    1968(14thof Tevet, 5728): Sixty-nine year old physicist Leopold Infeld, a colleague of Albert Einstein passed away today.

    1968: CBS broadcast the final episode of “The Man from U.N.C.L.E.” the spy-spoof featuring the music of Jerry Goldsmith.

    1968: After leaving England, the INS Dakar arrived this morning at Gibraltar.

    1970(8thof Shevat, 5730): Leah Goldberg passed away. Born at Königsberg in 1911, she “settled in Tel Aviv where she worked as a literary adviser to Habimah, the national theater, and an editor for the publishing company Sifriyat HaPoalim (Workers' Library).”  This was the first step on road that would led to a career as a “prolific Hebrew poet, author, playwright, literary translator, and researcher of Hebrew literature.”

    1970: Birthdate of Irina Palina the native or Russia who “won a gold medal in the Women's Team event at the Table Tennis World Cup in 1994.”

    1970: Israeli archaeologists reported uncovering the first evidence supporting the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by military forces of the ancient Roman Empire.

    1972: Birthdate of Claudia Anne I. Winkleman, a British television presenter, radio personality and journalist. Winkleman is the daughter of Eve Pollard, former editor of the Sunday Express, and Barry Winkleman former publisher of The Times Atlas of the World.

    1973: Gene Shalit joins the Today Show panel. The Jewish film critic with the bushy moustache is father of Willa Shalit who has gained artistic fame in her own right.

    1974(21st of Tevet, 5734): Sixty-seven year old Yosef Serlin a native of Bialystok who made Aliyah in 1933 and became an MK and cabinet minister, passed away today.

    1974:"Happy Days" begins an 11 year run on ABC.  This hit sit-com that presented an idealized picture of post-war America starred two Jewish actors – Tom Bosley as the father and Henry Winkler as the sanitized thug “Fonzie.”

    1976: Birthdate of Milwaukee native Douglas Mitchell “Doug” Gottlieb, the Notre Dame transfer who starred for the Oklahoma State University Basketball team after which he turned pro before become a television commentator.

    1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat complained that he got "nothing" from Israeli negotiators and saw no hope for an early Egyptian-Israeli agreement. But foreign ministers of both Israel and Egypt were conducting hectic consultations in order to prepare themselves for the joint meeting of the political negotiating committee, to be held in Jerusalem.

    1979: Yitzhak Moda’i began serving as Communications Minister\\

    1981: NBC broadcast the first episode of “Hill Street Blue” the long running police drama created by Steven Bocho.

    1981 (10th of Shevat, 5741):  Representative Emanuel Celler passed away at the age the age of 92. “Manny” Celler was a Congressman from New York from 1923 to 1973.  He was a champion of the underprivileged and the working class.  He was a stalwart supporter of Civil Rights.  As Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee he maneuvered the 1964 Civil Rights Act through the House despite opposition from Southern segregationists and their Republican allies.

    1982: German police searched for the perpetrators of a bomb attack that ripped through an Israeli restaurant in West Berlin. The blast killed a 14-month old girl and injured 25 diners. Six Palestinians belonging to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) were suspected.

    1982:”Torch Song Trilogy” “a collection of three one-act plays by Harvey Fierstein” that “centers on Arnold Beckooff a torching singing Jewish drag queen”  transferred from the Richard Allen Center to the Actors’ Playhouse in Greenwich village “Where it ran 117 performances.

    1983(3rd of Sivan, 5743): Meyer Lansky passed away, Born Maier Suchowljansky in Russia in 1902, Lansky moved to the United States in 1911.  Lansky is probably the most famous of all Jewish mobsters.  When faced with charges of tax evasion, Lansky fled to Israel, seeking protection under the Law of Return.  Ultimately, the Israeli government gave him up and Lansky came back to serve a prison sentence.

    1984: As the body of Major Saad Haddad, the commander of the Israeli backed militia lay in state “hundreds of Lebanese and Israelis paid tribute to him.”

    1984: Birthdate of Los Angeles native Benjamin Aaron Shapiro who is political commentator and author whose first book was Brainwashed: How Universities Indoctrinate America's Youth.

    1986: In Washington, DC, Louis Rubenstein, “a businessman who owns Royal Vending Co., 2615 Evarts St. NE. Rubenstein, 60, was arrested today on charges of theft of government property and conspiring to receive stolen goods” which came to light during a two and half year investigation “of a Washington area drug ring” and the illegal use of gambling machines and sale of counterfeit video games that involved New Jersey mobster Myron Sugarman.

    1988: After a limited release in December, “Good Morning America” director by Barry Levinson was released throughout the rest of the United States today.

    1988: Start of the first intifada which was really just another round of Arab mob violence and terror designed to drive the Jews from the land of Israel.  Those who saw this as something new apparently missed the Arab Riots of the 1920’s or the Arab Uprising against the British that took place in the years prior to World War II.

     1989: Amos Mansdorf, the native of Ramat HaSharon was the runner-up in the tennis tournament at Auckland, NZ

    1989: In “Maine Rabbi's Specialty Is Helping Counselors” published today Lynn Riddle described the unique career of Rabbi Harry Sky.

    1990(18th of Tevet, 5750): Uriel G. Foa, a social psychologist and professor emeritus at Temple University, died of an aortic aneurysm today at Osteopathic Hospital in Philadelphia. He was 73 years old and lived in Penn Valley, Pa. Dr. Foa, a specialist in interpersonal relations, joined the Temple faculty in 1971. He was born in Parma, Italy, and received doctoral degrees from the University of Parma and Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He was a co-founder and executive director of the Institute of Applied Social Research in Jersualem and chairman of the department of psychology at Bar-Ilan University before coming to the United States in 1965. Dr. Foa is survived by two sons, Gad and Ephraim, who live in Israel; four daughters, Ora Tamar Goldstein and Hagar Foa, also of Israel, and Yael and Michelle, both of Penn Valley, and nine grandchildren.

    1888: “For Keeps,” a “comedy drama featuring Pauly Shore was released in the United States today.

    1990: Rafeal Pinhasi begins serving as Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs.

    1990: An off-duty Israeli soldier was stabbed as she walked along a narrow street in Jerusalem's Old City today, and 30 Palestinians were detained for questioning. The Israeli soldier, identified as Pvt. Halit Avni, 18 years old, of Tel Aviv, was stabbed six times in the back and chest, the police said. She was listed in stable condition at Hadassah Hospital in Ein Karem.

    1991: Four hundred Yeshiva University students from New York City who formed Operation Torah Shield have paid $50 each for a seat on a charter flight from Kennedy International Airport so that they could be in Tel Aviv by this morning which coincides with the deadline set by the United Nations for Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait. Iraq’s President Hussein has threatened Israel with missile attacks if the UN should take military action to enforce its deadline.

    1991: On the day the United Nations set as the deadline for Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait, the commander of the Israeli Air Force said that the United States and Israel still have no mechanisms in place to coordinate the two nation's military activities. And, Maj. Gen. Avihu Bin-Nun said in a news briefing, Israel has little faith that the United States will give Israel advance warning if Iraq, as it has threatened, fires missiles at Tel Aviv. "We may not have any notice, and the first notice may be when the missile hits," the general said.

    1993 (22nd of Tevet, 5753):Songwriter Sammy Cahn passed away at the age of 79.  One of his most enduring hits was Bei Mir Bist Du Schön. (As reported by Stephen Holden)

    1993: At the Central Bus Station in Tel Aviv, a Palestinian from Gaza stabbed four people to death including a Lebanese Arab visiting the city.  Islamic Jihad took credit for the attack.

    1998: A revival production of “June Moon” co-authored by George Kaufman who directed the original Broadway production, opened at the Variety Arts Theatre and ran for 101 performances.

    2001: In an article entitled “New Conflict Begets Culture War by Israeli Artists,” Deborah Sontag describes ''Artists Against a Strong Hand,’’ an exhibit at Tel Aviv’s Beit Haam, that features the work of 70 artists who were asked to produce something specifically related to the current political situation. The works will be sold to benefit Palestinian medical clinics.  

    2002: The Governor General of Canada granted Herb Gray the title "The Right Honourable", in honour of his distinguished and record-setting contribution to Canadian political life

    2002: Philanthropist Michael Steinhardt, founder of Steinhardt Partners and chairman of Tel Aviv University was named as one of those investing in The New York Sun, a daily newspaper being started by investors and former members of The Forward. Its editor will be Seth Lipsky, the former editor of The Forward, the English-language descendant of the Yiddish daily, and vice president of the new paper's parent publishing company.

     2003(12thof Shevat, 5763): Eighty-seven year old songwriter Doris Fisher passed away today.

    2004(21st of Tevet, 5764):  Olivia Goldsmith, author of The First Wives’ Clubpassed away

    2006: Silvan Shalom completed his term as Deputy Prime Minister.

     2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Small Steps by Louis Sachar and The Cosmic Landscape:String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design by Leonard Susskind.

    2006: Neil Diamond performed a concert on the opening night of the new Stockton Arena in Stockton, California. Diamond had been paid a $1,000,000 fee to perform, but, due to slow ticket sales and inadequate time to promote the event, the city budget suffered a nearly $400,000 loss that resulted in the dismissal of the Stockton city manager several days later

    2006: The Israel Defense Forces are threatening to declare the Jewish settlement in Hebron a closed military area if settler riots against policemen and soldiers do not stop. Today marks the third straight of rioting. The riots have involved settlers throwing stones as well as eggs and paint balloons at soldiers and policemen. The rioters' goal is to thwart implementation of the army's order to evacuate Jewish squatters from the city's wholesale vegetable market.

    2007: Sports Illustrated Magazine reported that long distance runner Mushir Salem Jawher was stripped of his Bahraini citizenship because he competed in Israel.  The native of Kenya had moved to Bahrain where he was hailed as hero for winning a Silver Medal in the five thousand meter run at the 2006 Asian Games.  But when he competed in, and won, the Tiberias Marathon in Israel, the head of the Baharain Athletics Association declared his behavior was “outside the rules.” According to SI, Jawher was “‘very proud’ to have run in Israel and that ‘people should live together in harmony.’”

    2008: In Washington, D.C., Los Angeles Times columnist Jonah Goldberg discusses and signs Liberal Fascism: The Secret History of the American Left, From Mussolini to the Politics of Meaning

    2008: In Rockville, MD, Dennis Ross discusses and signs Statecraft: And How to RestoreAmerica's Standing in the World at the Jewish Community Center of Greater Washington.

    2008: Israel killed at least 18 Palestinians, most of them Hamas militants, in the Gaza Strip;

    2009: The New York State Attorney General “issued subpoenas to three investments funds run by Ezra Merkin and 15 nonprofits which they lost money due to Ezra Merkin and Bernard Madoff.

    2009: The IPO (Israel Philharmonic Orchestra) in Jeans performs at Tel Aviv's Mann Auditorium

    2009: The Atlanta Jewish Film Festival features a screening “Strangers” a film about an Israeli kibbutznik and a Palestinian woman who meet serendipitously on their way to the World Cup finals in Berlin which was the Best Drama winner at the Sundance Film Festival.

    2009: Today, some 25 rockets were fired on southern Israel.

    2009: An additional 86 counts of bank fraud, false statements and reports to a bank, money laundering and aiding and abetting and willful violation of orders from the secretary of agriculture were filed against Sholom Rubashkin and Agriprocessors.

    2010(29thof Tevet, 5770): Seventy-one year old “Michael T. Kaufman, a former foreign correspondent, reporter and columnist for The New York Times who chronicled despotic regimes in Europe and Africa, the fall of Communism and the changing American scene for four decades, died today in Manhattan.”(As reported by Robert D. McFadden)

    2010: Friday night services are followed by a pot-luck supper and program that examines the unique philosophy and teachings of Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel and what they mean to modern American Jews.

    2010:In Washington, D.C., Adas Israel hosts The Ruach Minyan service and dinner in the Miller Chapel.

    2010:Journalist and filmmaker Naomi Klein discusses and signs her books "The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism" and "No Logo: 10th Anniversary Edition" at Busboys and Poets (14th St.),

    2010: The 10thannual Atlanta Jewish Festival features screenings of “Breaking Upwards” and “Berlin ’36.”

    2010: Two planes are scheduled to land in Haiti today carrying the IDF medical teams and their supplies following Wednesday’s earthquake that devastated the poorest nation in the western hemisphere.

    2010(29th of Tevet, 5770): Lydia Csato Gasman, sister of Joash Tsiddon, passed away in Charlottesville, VA today at the age of 84.

    2011: Kol HaNeshama, Israel's largest Reform synagogue celebrates its 25th anniversary tonight

    2011: The New York premiere of “The Human Resources Manager” is scheduled to take place at The New York Jewish Film Festival. The film is based on novel by A.B.Yehoshua entitled A Woman in Jerusalem in which the human-resources manager at a bakery in Jerusalem must get to know one of his employees posthumously after her death in a suicide bombing as he finds himself the unlikely chaperone of the woman’s body to her native Romania.

    2011: Stand-up comedian Keith Barany is scheduled to appear on opening night of the 2nd annual Minneapolis Jewish Humor Festival.

    2011: Herman Ginsberg, a mensch of the first order, owner of a Jewelry store that is a Cedar Rapids’ institution, leader of the Jewish community, loving father and doting grandfather is celebrated his 85th birthday.

    2011(10thof Shevat, 5771): Ninety-four year old “Eleanor Galenson, a psychoanalyst and researcher whose work showed that children are aware of their sexuality at very early ages, died today in Manhattan (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

    2011(10th of Shevat, 5771): Members and friends of Chabad Lubavitch celebrate Yud Sh’vat – The Tenth of Shevat.  Yud Shevat or The Tenth of Shevat marks the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok (Joseph Isaac) Schneerson, the Sixth Rebbe as Known as the “the Frierdiker Rebbe” (Previous Rebbe) or the “RaYYatz” and  the day on which Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok’s legendary son in law, Rabbi Menachem Mendel, the sevenths Lubavitcher Rebbe, assumed the leadership of the Chabad movement.

    2011: In one of the largest left-wing protests in recent years, some 10,000 people gathered in Tel Aviv today to demonstrate against what organizers called a growing attack on democracy in Israel..

    2011: Harvard graduate Loren Galler-Rabinowitz competed as Miss Massachusetts in tonight’s Miss America Pageant.   Her failure to win leaves Bess Myerson as the only Jewish of this long-running beauty pageant.

    2012:  The friends and family of Herman Ginzberg are over-joyed to celebrate his 86thbirthday.

    2012: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Hope: A Tragedy” by Shalom Auslander and the recently released paperback edition of “The Crisis of Capitalist Democracy” by Richard Posner

    2012: “Shoah: The Unseen Interviews” and “Restoration” are scheduled to have their New York premieres at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2012: “Yoo-Hoo, Mrs. Goldberg” is scheduled to shown at the Glen Rock Jewish Center in Glen Rock, NJ.

    2012: Israeli and Palestinian envoys met for the third time in Amman overnight today since Jordan began mediating a series of direct talks earlier this month.

    2012: This morning, the Tel Aviv municipality dismantled the tent encampment in the city's Hatikva neighborhood, where 36 homeless people have been camping since the summer. The municipality said in a statement that it hopes the people in the encampment will leave peacefully “without the city exercising the authority given to it by the court to evacuate by force.”

     2012: Hundreds of ultra-Orthodox protesters tried today to block roads around Jerusalem’s Kikar Hashabbat (Sabbath Square) in Mea She’arim neighborhood, after six prominent members of the community were arrested earlier in the day in suspicion of financial-related crimes.

    2012: “Remember the landmark Woman’s Building published today looks back at the history of the Los Angeles building co-founded by Judy Chicago and Arlene Raven

    2013: Deadline for submitting entries for the Dora and Alexander Raynes Poetry Prize.

     2013: “The Gatekeepers” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: The LA Jewish Chamber of Commerce is scheduled to host its Strategic Business Alliance Luncheon

    2013: Just two days before his 64th his birthday, Howard “announced that he would not be re-offering in the next Nova Scotia general election.”

    2013: "Beyond Swastika and Jim Crow: Jewish Refugee Scholars at Black Colleges," is scheduled to open today Tuesday at the National Museum of American Jewish History. It tells the little-known story of Jewish scholars, barred from academic positions by Nazi decrees beginning in 1933, who eventually made their way to the United States, where a small but significant number of them eventually found welcoming homes at historically black colleges.

    2013: Family and friends celebrate the birthday of Herman Ginsberg, the patriarch of multi-generational Cedar Rapids family and pillar of the Jewish community who is proves that one can be a successful businessman and a great person.

     2013: Funeral services were held today at Central Avenue Synagogue in Highland Park for computer programmer Aaron Swartz.

     2013: “Morsi’s Slurs Against Jews Stir Concern” published today provides a snapshot of the new Egyptian leaders views including “a speech urging Egyptians to ‘nurse our children and grandchildren on hatred’ for Jews and Zionists.

    2013: The Times of Israel has learned that Israel has taken steps that appear to be aimed at restoring its relationship with the United Nations Human Rights Council, 10 months after Jerusalem cut ties with the body over a planned fact-finding mission into the West Bank settlement enterprise.

     2013(4thof Shevat, 5773): Ninety-two year old “Daniel J. Edelman, who founded an agency that would go on to become the PR industry's biggest,” passed away today.

    2014: A bill that would forbid the use of Nazi symbols and labels is scheduled to presented to the Knesset today.

    2014(14thof Shevat, 5774): Eighty-four year old “entertainment lawyer” Donald S. Engel passed away today.

    2014: “For a Woman” is scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2014: It was announced today that “Israeli author/journalist Yossi Klein Halevi won the Everett Family Foundation Jewish Book of the Year Award, “the top prize in the 2013 National Jewish Book Award for Like Dreamers “which tells the history of Israel the personal experiences over decades of a handful of paratroopers who helped capture the Old City of Jerusalem in the 1967 Six Day War.”

    2014: Two top Obama administration officials urged Jewish groups not to back new Iran sanctions, calling them “dangerous.” The officials — from the White House national security team and the Treasury Department — spoke today with Jewish leaders in a call convened by the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations. (As reported by JTA)

     2014: Thousands of Israelis continued to visit Anemone Hill today, where former prime minister Ariel Sharon was laid to rest earlier this week. Among the many visitors were war veterans who fought alongside and under the command of Sharon, public figures and citizens who have crossed paths with Sharon over the years. (As reported by Ahiya Raved)

    2015(24th of Tevet, 5775): Seventy-five year old University of Oklahoma graduate Alan J. Hirschfiedl who led two major motion picture studios passed away today in his native Wyoming.

    2015: Today, Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef, chief Sephardi rabbi of Israel; Rabbi Shlomo Amar, Sephardic chief rabbi of Jerusalem; Rabbi Aryeh Stern, Ashkenazi chief rabbi of Jerusalem; Rabbi Moshe Yehuda Leib Landa, chief rabbi of Bnei Brak, Israel; and Rabbi Abraham Shemtov,regional director of Chabad-Lubavitch in Philadelphia and chairman of Agudas Chassidei Chabad were among those who paid their last respects to Rabbi Mordechai Shmuel Ashkenazi—rabbi of Kfar Chabad, Israel  before he was taken “to Tiberias for internment near his parents and siblings.

    2015: The leader of Lebanon’s Hezbollah terrorist group confirmed today that a senior operative in the organization has been apprehended for spying for Israel.,7340,L-4615692,00.html

    2015: Michael “ Medved announced during his live radio broadcast that he would be taking an indefinite leave of absence from his radio show to undergo treatment for throat cancer”

    2015: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host a “1-hour workshop that will include a series of activities designed to get” people “thinking, taking and sharing ideas to help in planning for a new regional museum projected to open in 2020.

     2015: In Atlanta, GA, The William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum is scheduled to host “Gershwin and Bernstein: American Masters” the first of the 2015 Molly Blank Jewish Concert Series

    2015: “The Deli Man” and “The Dune are scheduled to shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2015: Heller McAlpin’s review of Whipping Boy: The Forty-Year Search for My Twelve-Year-Old Bully by Allen Kurzweil was published today.

    2015(5thof Shevat, 5776): Eight-nine year old Winnipeg born art deal Avrom Isaacs, the founder in 1955 of the Greenwich Art Gallery which was renamed the Isaacs Gallery in 1959 passed away today in Toronto.

    2016: “Israeli saxophonist, bandleader and composer Uri Gurvich” is scheduled to perform this at the Metropolitan Room tonight

    2016: In a tribute to the vitality of “small town” Judaism , Temple Judah is scheduled to host an “Early Shabbat Evening Service” for the sake of the PreK-2ndGrade students.

    2016: Shabbat Tzedek is scheduled to begin this evening.

    2016: Herman Ginsberg turns 90!

    2017: “Torah in the City” is scheduled to take place at Citi Field.

    2017: A Middle East Peace Conference which will not be attended by Israel is scheduled to take place in Paris.

    2017: “The Threepenny Opera” and “The Patriarch’s Room” are scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2017: The Conference of the Jewish Orthodox Feminist Alliance is scheduled to come to an end today at Lerner Hall in NYC.

    2017: After four days, the Baton Rouge Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end. (Yes, the capital of Louisiana is home to a four-day festival of Jewish movies)

    2017: In Des Moines, the Judaic Resource Center is scheduled to host an evening in Shalom Hammer, a lecturer of the IDF and contributing editor to the Jerusalem Post.

    2017: The New York Times includes books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Kaiser’s Last Kiss by Alan Judd and the recently published paperback edition of Thomas Murphy by Roger Rosenblatt as well as a column “On Being Translated Back to Myself” by Boris Fishman.

    2018: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to mark the start of Hillary with a Toast the Term party at the Varsity Club.

    2018: Deadline for submitting papers to be presented at the conference on “Shared Cultural Values of Jews and Muslims in Yemen and Beyond.”

    2018(28thof Tevet, 5778): Seventy-nine year old radio monologist and refugee from Nazi Europe Joe Frank passed away today. (As reported by Richard Sandomir)

    2018: “Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi signed a series of agreements for cooperation in energy, the film industry, aviation, cyber and investment.”

    2018: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to co-host a study session in which Jewish, Muslim and Christian will be used to analyze the issues surrounding “Mercy and Forgiveness.”

    2019: In Amherst, MA, the Yiddish Book Center is scheduled to host David Gillham in talk about his latest novel Annelies.

    2019: MaryBeth Muskin, Ph.D., Regional Director of the Anti-Defamation League is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “The Rise of Global Anti-Semitism” at Temple B’nai Jeshurun in Des Moines, IA.

    2019(9thof Shevat, 5779):  On the Jewish calendar, Yahrzeit of Rabbi Eliezer Silver.

    2019: “Black Honey: The Life and Poetry of Avraham Sutzkever is scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.




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    January 16

    27 BCE: Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire. Ten years earlier Augustus had appointed Herod as King of Judea, of whom he said “he would rather be a pig in Herod’s house than one of his family.”  For more about why the clash between the Judeans and the Roman Empire did not have to lead to the destruction of the Temple and the end of a Jewish state, see Rome and Jerusalem: The Clash of Ancient Civilizations.

    550: During the Gothic War, The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison. The Ostrogoths was the name applied to the eastern Goths.  The Goths were Germanic in origin and and are often thought of as part of the various Barbarian Hordes that destroyed the Roman Empire. Unlike other such groups such as the Visigoths and Vandals, the Ostrogoths, at least under their greatest leader Theodoric the Great, were known for their religious atoleration which was extended to the Jewish people. 

    929: Emir Abd-ar-Rahman III established the Caliphate of Córdoba.  This came during what is called the “Golden Age”  Due to their treatment by the rulers, the Jews of Cordoba supported the state and were active in commerce, industry and the study of science.

    1120: The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.  This is the same Nablus that will be a Fatah stronghold at the end of the 20th Century and the same Jerusalem that is the capital of modern day Israel.

    1232: In London, The Domus Conversorum known in English as the House of the Converts was founded by order of Henry III to provide a home and free maintenance for Jews converted to Christianity.

    1412: The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy. According to the Jewish Virtual Library “the organized Jewish communities of Florence, Siena, Pisa and Livorno were political creations of the Medici rulers. And like the Medici Grand Dukedom itself, these communities took shape in the course of the sixteenth century. For more about the unusual relationship between this famousItalian family


    1547: Ivan the Terrible was crowned Czar of Russia.  From the point of view of the Jewish people Ivan deserved to be called “the Terrible.”  In 1563, he gave the Jews of Polotsk, Lithuania, the choice of converting or dying.  When the Jews refused the cross, Ivan had his soldiers drill holes in the frozen Dvina River and then pushed three hundred Jewish men, women and children through them to their death.

    1600:  The 400 Jews of Verona completed their synagogue after their move into the ghetto. This date was actually celebrated as a "Purim" until the French Revolution, since many felt that the ghetto provided some protection, and since in an unusual move the keys of the ghetto were given to the Jewish leaders.

    1678: In the colony of Rhode Island, Israel and Mary (Baker) Arnold gave birth to Israel Arnold, the son of the Deputy Governor of the colony.

    1739: “Saul” an oratorio by George Handel based on the story found in the 1stBook of Samuel was “first performed at the King’s Theatre in London.”

     1756(14thof Shevat, 5516): Rabbi Jacob Joshua Falk (Yaakov Yehoshua ben Tzvi Hirsch) passed away today at Offenbach, Born at Cracow in 1680, on his mother's side he was a grandson of Joshua of Cracow, the author of "Maginne Shelomoh." While a youth Jacob became examiner of the Hebrew teachers of Lemberg. In 1702 his wife, his child, and his mother were killed through an explosion of gunpowder that wrecked the house in which they lived. Jacob himself narrowly escaped death. He was then called to the rabbinate of Tarli and Lisko, small Galician towns. In 1717 he replaced Ḥakam Ẓebi in the chief rabbinate of Lemberg; and thence he was called to Berlin in 1731. Having displeased Veitel-Heine Ephraim, one of the most influential leaders of the community, by rendering a judgment against him, he was compelled at the expiration of his term of office (1734) to resign. After having been for seven years rabbi of Metz he became chief rabbi of Frankfort-on-the-Main; but the unfavorable attitude of the local authorities toward the Jews, and the fact that the community was divided by controversies, made his position there very precarious. Soon afterward the quarrel between Jacob Emden and Jonathan Eybeschütz broke out. The chief rabbi, because of his opposition to Eybeschütz, was ultimately compelled to leave the city (1750). He wandered from town to town till he came to Worms, where he remained for some years. He was then called back to Frankfort; but his enemies prevented him from preaching in the synagogue, and he left the city a second time. Jacob was one of the greatest Talmudists of his time. He wrote "Pene Yehoshua'," novellæ on the Talmud, in four parts. Two of them were published at Frankfort-on-the-Main (1752); the third, with his "Pesaḳ bet-Din Ḥadash," at Fürth (1766); the fourth, which, in addition to Talmudic novellæ, contains novellæ on the Ṭur Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ and "Liḳḳuṭim," also at Fürth (1780). He wrote also a commentary on the Pentateuch, which is mentioned by the author himself, but has not appeared in print. (As reported by Schechter and Seligsohn)

    1761(11thof Shevat, 5521): Reuben ben Aaron passed away today after which he interred in the “Hoxton Old Jewish Burial Ground.”

    1764: For the next 12 months, starting from today, according to entries in the records of the New York Custom House, there were only 4 “Jewish entries all for Sampson Simpson.  His cargoes which included iron, sugar, wine, skins and rum, were sent to South Carolina and the Mosquito Coast. Although his name is unknown to most, he was a highly successful businessman.  During the Seven Years, which ended in 1763, he outfitted four ships as privateers. Simpson was the only Jewish member of the “prestigious Chamber of Commerce which was created in 1768.”

     1765(23 Tevet, 5525): Isaac Zerahiah Azulai, the father of 18th century rabbinic scholar and author Chaim Joseph David passed away today in Jerusalem.

    1774: In London, Solomon Salmons and Shirphra Phillip Levy Salomons gave birth Levi Salomons, “the London financier and underwriter” who lived near the Great St. Helen’s Synagogue and passed away in January of 1843.

    1777: One day after she had passed away, Esther Hamburger, the wife of Abraham Hamburger was buried today at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.

    1781: Abraham Benjamin Cohen married Elizabeth Gompertz today.

    1794: English historian Edward Gibbon, author of The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empirepassed away.  Those who think that the acknowledgement of the Jewish origins of Christianity is a twentieth century phenomenon are not acquainted with this classic of ancient history.  In chapter 15 of the first volume of this classic, Gibbon makes it quite clear that Christianity is rooted in the Judaism of the first century of the Common Era.

    1801: Philadelphian Benjamin Solomon began serving as a Midshipman in the United States Navy today.

    1802: Birthdate of Joel Jolson who was baptized as a Lutheran at seventeen and gained fame as Friedrich Julius Stahl, the German lawyer and politician.

     1826: Four days after he passed away, forty-seven year old Aharon ben Moshe was laid to rest at the Bath Jewish Burial Ground

    1834: Birthdate of Königsberg, Prussia, native and anti-Semitic journalist Otto Glagau.

    1839: Naphtali Hart married Elizabeth Solomon today at the New Synagogue.

    1844: Isaac David Walter and Henriette Walter gave birth to their daughter Sophia who became Sophia Beer when she married Julius Beer.

    1852(24thof Tevet, 5612): Meir Eisenstaedter (Meir ben Judah Leib Eisenstädter) a nineteenth-century rabbi, Talmudist, and paytan) also known as Maharam Asch (a Hebrew acronym for "Morenu ha-Rav Meir Eisenshtadt" meaning "our teacher, Rabbi Meir Eisenstadt") passed away today.

    1852: Mt. Sinai Hospital, known as Jews Hospital, was founded in New York City

    1853: General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton who commanded the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during the Gallipoli Campaign which meant that he was the ultimate commander of the Zion Mule Corps, the first All-Jewish force to take the field of battle since the days of the rebellions against Rome.

    1853: Adam and Fridoline Kahnweiler Gimbel gave birth to Sallie Gimbel who became Sallie Greenewald when she married Aaron E. Greenwald.

    1853: In Terre Haute, Indiana, Bernhardt Bischof and Sara Mathilda Wallace gave birth to Theresa Bischof who became Theresa Ezekiel when she married Walter Ambrose Ezekiel and who was active in a number of Cincinnati Jewish organizations including the United Jewish Charities of Cincinnati, the Sick Poor Society and the Council of Jewish Women.

    1856: In Baltimore, MD, Charleston native Solomon Nunes Carvalho and Sarah Miriam Carvalho gave birth to Solomon Solis Carvalho

    1859: The first wife of Joseph Wolff, the son of a rabbi who converted to Christianity and became a “Jewish Christian missonary,” passed away today.

    1862: During the Civil War, Philadelphian Isaac M Brandon transferred from the Volunteers to the Twelfth United States Regulars.

    1862: Birthdate of Baden native Elias Elkan Ries, the Cooper Union, the Maryland Institute and Johns Hopkins trained telegraph operator who made “improvements in telephone, telegraph and other electrical apparatus”  which meant while developing 150 patents, he “introduced the Ries regulating sock for ‘turning down’ the light of electric lamps,” invented an “alternating current electrical system,” and a “method for electrically welding track rails” while still finding time to marry Helen Hirshberg in 1895.

    1872: Four days after she had passed away, 67 year old Sarah (Levy) Slowman, the wife of Abraham Slowman with whom she had had seven children was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1875: Samuel Lyon married Abigail Jacob in London today.

    1875: David James played the role of “Perkyn Middlewick” in Henry James Byron’s “Our Boys” which opened at the Vaudeville Theatre.  James was the son of Agar and Abraham Julian Belasco who was named David Belasco at birth but changed his name so that he would not be confused with his second cousin and namesake David Belasco.

    1876(18thof Tevet, 5636): Parshat Shemot; Start the second book of the Torah

    1876(18thof Tevet, 5636): Seventy-eight year old Aron Emanuel Scharf, the husband of Magdelanna Roos, passed away in Bavaria.

    1876: It was reported today that The Alliance Israelite Universelle of Paris has just published a pamphlet describing the discriminatory conditions under which the Jews of Romania continue to live.  The Romanians have successfully circumvented previous attempts to improve the conditions of the Jews, including those resolutions adopted at the Convention of Paris in 1858, by declaring that Jews born in Romania are not Romanian citizens.  Since they are not citizens, the Romanians contend it is legal to deny them such basic rights as the rights to own property and vote. 

    1876: Newman Leopold, a “French Hebrew loan broker” shot himself this afternoon at his home on Adelphi Street in New York.  The wound did not prove immediately mortal and the reason for the shooting was not immediately known.

     1879: In Paris, Edward de Forest and Juliette Arnold gave birth to Maurice Arnold de Forest who, along with his younger brother Raymond were, after the death of their parents, “were adopted by the millionaire Baroness Clara de Hirsch, née Bischoffsheim, wife of Jewish banker and philanthropist Baron Maurice de Hirsch de Gereuth, and given the surname de Forest-Bischoffsheim. 

    1879: Mr. Henry Bergh delivered a lecture tonight at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association in which he said “it was astonishing” that so little attention had been paid to the treatment of “dumb animals” in the United Sates.  He felt that the clergy had not shown sufficient interest in the topic.  He expressed his opinion that Christians might learn from the Turks and “old Jewish laws” if they wished to improve the situation.

    1881: Birthdate of Martha Grassman who cared for painter Fritz Ascher for three years while he hid in Berlin from the Nazis. 

    1881: “An insane inmate” under the care of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society, set the facility on fire.  This unnamed individual was the only fatality.

     1882(25thof Tevet, 5642): Twenty year old Eugen C. Kahn, a native of Morgan City, LA, passed away today in New Orleans after which he was buried “in the cemetery located in” Berwick, LA.

    1882(25thof Tevet, 5642): Seventy-four German born poet and linguist Ludwig Wihl whose “hopes for a university career were doomed to failure, because he declined to be baptized” passed away today in Brussels where he had been living in self-imposed political exile.

    1884: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi Levy officiated at the married of Julius Jacobson to Johannah Hoffman, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G. Hoffman.

     1884: The orthodox synagogue in St. Apern Straße was dedicated in Cologne

     1888: Birthdate of Osip Maksimovich Brik, a Russian avant garde writer and literary critic who “was one of the most important members of the Russian formalist school, though he also identified himself as one of the Futurists.”

     1889(14thof Tevet, 5649): Fifty six year old “Russian scientist and publicist” Hirsch Rabinowitz passed away today in St. Petersburg.

    1890: It was reported today that in the last ten years disbursements by the United Hebrew Charities have more than doubled going from $35,000 to $72,000.

    1890: It was reported that the past five years the Jewish immigrants arriving in New York included, 18,535 in 1885; 27,348 in 1886; 25, 788 in 1887; 29,602 in 1888 and 23, 674 in 1889.

     1890:  Birthdate of Karl Freund.  In his time, Freund was one of the most famous directors and cameramen.  He worked on everything from an early cinematic version of Dracula to episodes of the television sitcom Our Miss Brooks.

     1890: Oscar S. Straus is scheduled to deliver “a few informal remarks” at a meeting of the Young Men’s Association of Ahawatch Chesed which is being held at Steinway Hall.


    1890: As his health worsened, the children of 87 year old Chief Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler were called to his bedside for one more visit.

    1891: Lazarus Solomon, the son of Moses and Sarah Solomon was buried today at the “Canterbury Jewish Cemetery.”

    1891(7thof Shevat, 5651): Isaac Aaron Ettinger, Reb Itzsche, passed away today.  Born at Lemberg in 1827, he followed Zebi Hirsch Ornstein as the rabbi of Lemberg in 1888, a position he held until the day he passed away.

     1892: “The Nautch Girl,” a comic opera that featured the music of Anglo-Jewish theatre man Edward Solomon closed today after two hundred performances at the Savoy Theatre.

     1893: Theodor Kohn, the cleric with Jewish grandparents, began serving as Archbishop of Olomouc. He would eventually be forced to resign from the post.

     1893: Three days after she passed away, eighty-eight year old Alice Aarons, the daughter of Aron Aarons who had passed away in 1849 at the age of 78, was buried at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1893: It was reported today that Joseph Barondess is leading a move to reorganize the Cloakmaker’s Union following its unsuccessful strike against Meyer Jonasson & Co. (Barondess was the son of Rabbi Samuel Barondess and a distant relative of Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis.  His connection with the cloakmakers was so strong that he was as the “King of the Cloakmakers.”

     1893: Four days after she had passed away, 52 years old Bloom Cohen, the daughter of Benjamin Woolf and Isabella Phillips and the wife of Levi Cohen, was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

    1894: In New York City, at the meeting of the Board of Police Superintendent reported that Roundsman Michael Downs and Patrolmen John Kenny and Kerwin Larkin have been suspended from duty and arrested on charges that they extorted money from Jewish peddlers. 

    1894: As the general economic conditions worsen It was reported today that New York Mayor Gilroy’s Relief Committee had made disbursement’s to various charities aiding the needy including two thousand dollars to the United Hebrew Charities.

     1894: It was reported today that the East Side Relief Work has paid $4, 496.26 “for street sweeping and manufacturing” – work which is done primarily by Austrian and Russian Jews. 

    1894: It was reported today that R.H Macy & Co, which is owned by the Straus family donated another $1,346.26 to the Mayor’s Relief Committee

     1894: Dr. C.F. Valentine was defeated in his bid to be elected President of the New York County Medical Association. It had been “hinted” that he was defeated because he was Jewish.

    1895: Following the resignation of Casimir-Perier in the wake of the Dreyfus affair, General August Mercier who had led the fight to condemn the Jewish officer only got three votes in his quest to lead the next government.

    1896: It was reported today that last year’s Hebrew Charity Ball raised $12,000 for the Montefiore Home and it is hoped that this year’s ball will raised even more money.

    1896: It was reported today that 70 per cent of the population living at the settlement area at 26 Delancy Street is made up of Jewish immigrants from Russia. The area which has been inhabited by successive groups of immigrants, the last of which the Irish, is one of the most difficult in which the University Settlement Society has ever worked because of the over-crowding and lack of opportunity.

     1898: Birthdate of Irving Rapper, the British born movie director who moved to Hollywood in the 1930’s where “he made his directing debut with the 1941 film “Shining Victory.”

    1898: In Talsen, Latvia, Liebe (Lemkus) Davidoff and Israel Davidoff, a shoemaker, gave birth Harvard trained physician Dr. Leo Davidoff, “a founder of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine” and the husband of Ida (Fisher) Davidoff.”

    1898: It was reported today that Anatole France and Emile Zola are among a group of “prominent doctors, lawyers’ and writers” who “have signed a petition in favor” of having the Dreyfus decision reviewed because of the “violation of judicial forms and the mysteries surrounding it.”


    1898: “The annual meeting of the Hebrew Technical School for Girls was held” this “afternoon at the school headquarters” on Henry Street.

    1898: Birthdate of  Irving Rapper, the British born American director Irving Rapper whose career began in 1941 with “Shining Victory” and ended with “Born Again” in 1978.

    1898: Paris was the scene of another night of violence as “bands of students paraded” denouncing Emile Zola, “shouting…death to the Jews,” smashing café windows, and in a case of mistaken identity, smashing the windows of a house they thought belonged to Zola.

    1898: “France At Its Worst” published today described the current crisis over Alfred Dreyfus as demonstrating the “degeneracy” of the French people.

     1898: It was reported today that there are two factions arrayed against Emile Zola, the editor and author who has taken the lead in defending Alfred Dreyfus. One is made of “those who would support the so-called ‘honor of the army’ at any sacrifice against individual justice.”  (In other words, Dreyfus may be innocent but to overturn the verdict would hurt the military.)  The other groups are the anti-Semites which including the students rioting in the street a number of those serving as Deputies in the French legislature.


    1899: It was reported today that “the few attempts made to incited the populace” of Hungary “against the Jews have been fruitless, which is in marked contrast to the success of the anti-Jewish campaign in Austria.  (More for 2014 

    1899: Herzl writes to Bertha von Suttner, famous Austrian peace activist, to request an audience with the Czar.

    1899: It was a reported today that in Duluth, a mob of 150 Jews attacked the Coroner when he went to open the grave of Mrs. Wlfound, whom it was claimed was buried alive.  The Jews did not approve of what they considered was a desecration of the remains of a co-religionists.

    1900: In Aachen, Germany, Rosa Stern and Abraham Holländer gave birth to their youngest child Edith, who would become Edith Frank when she married Otto Frank – a union that would produce the diarist Anne Frank.

    1903: Herzl ate lunch with Lord Rothschild and had a meeting with Sir Thomas Sanderson, Undersecretary for Foreign Affairs in Downing Street. Herzl submits the itinerary of the Commission and the membership. Sanderson recommends Sir Benjamin Baker, builder of the Aswan Dam, as irrigation engineer. Herzl is concerned about each and every detail.

    1903: Birthdate of David Shaltiel, the native of Berlin who was “the district commander of the Haganah in Jerusalem” during the 1948 War for Independence.

     1903: In Odessa, Russia, David and Clara Berman gave birth to Las Vegas mob boss Donald “Davie” Berman.

    1903: Following the death of Henry de Worms seven days ago, The Jewish Chronicle wrote “Lord Pirbright was for several years president of the Anglo-Jewish Association, but resigned in 1886 owing to objections raised to his having attended the nuptials of his eldest daughter in a church. During his parliamentary career he was a warm advocate of the cause of Jews in lands of oppression, especially Rumania.”

    1904(28thof Tevet, 5664): Henrietta Cahn, the native of Wittgenborn, Germany passed away today in Port Gibson, Mississippi.

    1904: In Hesse, Germany, Salomon and Julie Adler gave birth to Berthold (Bert) Adler, the husband of Ruth Adler.

    1906: Opening of the Algeciras Conference during which “the US representatives ensured that the Conference documents praised the Sultan's Government for improvements in conditions of Jews and asked it to guarantee to treat all Moroccans equally.

     1906: Bezalel, The Academy of Arts and Design, was founded in Jerusalem by Boris Schatz.  Born in 1867, Schatz was a painter and court sculptor to King Ferdinand of Bulgaria. He died in 1932. The school was named after biblical artisan Bezalel, son of Uri, who was one of the main architects of the Tabernacle. It has well over 1000 students and offers degrees in art, architecture, and design.

     1907: Two days before his 15th birthday Ukrainian born composer Samuel Kaylin “immigrated to the United States…aboard the steamship Neckar.

    1907: In Atlanta, the two-day convention of the Union of Hebrew Congregations came to an end.

    1909: Birthdate of Clement Greenberg the most famous American art critic since Bernard Berenson, who was born “to a Yiddish-speaking socialist family and was brought up in Brooklyn and the Bronx.”

     1910: The Jewish Agricultural and Colonial Association, the purpose of which was helping Jews to settle on farms, was organized today.

    1913: A meeting of the Lenora Sewing Circle under the leadership of Carrie Metz took place this afternoon at Isiah Temple in Chicago.

    1915(1st of Shevat, 5675): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

    1915: “Oppose Immigration Bill” published today told of Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society to host a series of mass meetings in Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore, Chicago, Cleveland, Providence, Newark and New York to designed to help defeat the Smith Burnett Immigration Bill which contains a literacy test that would hamper Jewish immigration from Russia because the Czar’s government restricts their efforts to gain an education.

     1915(1stof Shevat, 5676): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

    1915(1stof Shevat, 5676): Seventy year old Rabbi Benny Goldman, the son of Wolf and Rachel Goldman lost his battle with bronchial pneumonia and passed away in St. Louis today.

    1916: It was reported today that starting next semester, Dr. Elias Margolis will teach the first ever offered course in Yiddish offered by Columbia University which has been added to the curriculum, in part “to encourage non-Jews to learn the language in order that they might teach the numerous night classes in New York.”

    1916: The American Jewish Relief Committee is scheduled to host a fund-raising concert this evening at the Fourteenth Street Armory in New York City.

    1916: “The Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society opened a branch office at the Sackman Street Synagogue near Belmont Avenue, Brownsville,” tonight “to enable Jews to find their relatives lost in the war zone and to help in sending aid to them.

    1916: “An appeal to all Jews to forget partisanship and differences of doctrine in an effort to conditions of their ‘brethren in the oppressed lands’ was made” today “by Rabbi Samuel Schulman in a sermon on ‘The War and the Rights of the Jews’ which he delivered at Temple Beth-El” at Fifth Avenue and Seventy-sixth Street.

    1917: Eighty-six year old Solomon Ullman, the former president of the Western Synagogue was buried today at the Edmonton Western Jewish Cemetery.

    1917: Seventy-nine year old Admiral George Dewey the Spanish American War Naval hero passed away today which led the Council of the Union of American Congregations which was meeting in Baltimore at the time to send a telegram to President Wilson expressing their “profound sorrow” and “deep felt sympathy.”

    1917: Birthdate of Szerena Abrahamova who was murder at Auschwitz after having been transported there from Terezin in April of 1944.

    1917:  “Between 400 and 500 delegates are expected to attend the 25th council of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations which opens in Baltimore with Henry Morgenthau, former Ambassador to Turkey and Jacob H. Schiff scheduled to speak at the gathering.

    1917: The National Federation of Temple Sisterhoods which was created in 1913 and now has groups at 150 congregations is scheduled to begin its national convention today in Baltimore, MD.

    1917: J. Walter Freiburg, President of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations announces a gift of $100,000 from Jacob H. Schiff for the establishment of a fund to provide for pensioning superannuated rabbis.

     1917: “Following an appeal by Adolph S. Ochs, Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means, fifty seven Jews pledged over $140,000 in a few hours at the convention of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations to meet expenses of the Hebrew Union College of Cincinnati and synagogue and school extension work.”

    1917: German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sends the Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance against the United States. The Zimmerman Telegram by Jewish historian Barbara Tuchman provides one of the best descriptions and explanations of this little known episode in American history that helped lead the United States into World War I.

    1918: The American Consul in Yokohama reported that Jewish refuges including 1 man, 156 women and 170 children who are “awaiting transportation to the United States” are “poorly fed and living in crowded quarters.”

    1919(15thof Shevat, 5679) Tu BiShvat

    1919” In Detroit, MI, Louis and Belle Horwitz gave birth to Jerome Phillip Horwitz “a scientific researcher who created AZT in 1964 in the hope that it would cure cancer but who entered the medical pantheon decades later when AZT became the first successful drug treatment for people with AIDS…” )As reported by Paul Vitello)

     1920: The 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified today.  Its ban on the manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors would present a set of unique problem for Jews who wished to observe the law of the land yet needed wine for Shabbat, Pesach (and other holidays) weddings and circumcision ceremonies.

     1921: In Winnipeg, Canada, “Meyer Thompson, a Jewish baker of bagels from Hull England and the former Annette Berman” gave birth to Abraham Thomas Thompson, the man who brought automation to the field of bagel baking.

    1921: Salo Stein, who had been serving as rabbi in Jacksonville, FL, today began serving as the rabbi for Anshe Sholem Yehuda Congregation in Middletown, Ohio.

    1921: “The ninth annual convention of the United Synagogue of America and the fouth annual convention of the Women’s League of the United Synagogue is scheduled to open today at the Jewish Theological Seminary.

    1921: “The Period of Racial Prejudice,” a protest prepared under the initiative of John Spargo and signed by 119 distinguished American Christians from every walk of life” that began with “The undersigned citizens of Gentile birth and Christian faith view with profound regret and disapproval the appearance in this country of what is apparently an organized campaign of anti-Semitism, conducted in close conformity to and co-operation with similar campaigns in Europe” was made public today.

    1922: In Port Jervis, NY, Russian immigrants Gussie and David Levinson gave birth to Harry Levinson “a psychologist who helped change corporate America’s thinking about the workplace by demonstrating a link between job conditions and emotional health — a progressive notion when he began developing his ideas in the 1950s…” (As reported by Claudia Deutsch) 

    1923: Birthdate of poet Anthony Hecht.  Hecht won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1968 for “The Harder Hours.” He passed away in 2004. 

    1925: Leon Trotsky was dismissed from the Russian Revolution Military Council as he lost the battle for power with Stalin.

    1926(1stof Shevat, 5686): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

     1926: London born American featherweight fought his 79th bout which he won by a TKO.

    1926: Grigori Sokolnikov completed his service as People’s Commissar for Finance of the USSR.

    1928: Part II of “Queen Louise” a biopic about a little known Prussian queen produced by Max Glass on which Hans Jacoby served as Art Director was released in Germany today.

    1929: Birthdate of political activist Allard Lowenstein

     1930: Birthdate of Norman Podhoretz. Editor of “Commentary Magazine” Podhoretz has moved from being a liberal to a conservative.

     1932: After 260 performances at the New Amsterdam Theatre, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “The Band Wagon” a revue with “book by George S. Kaufman and Howard Dietz, lyrics by Howard Dietz and music by Arthur Schwartz.”

    1932: Philadelphian Jacob Billikopf, who had been associated with the recently deceased Julius Rosenwald in welfare activities for the last quarter of a century, expressed the opinion today that Rosenwald’s work on behalf of “the American Negro” was one of his most outstanding contributions to humanity. 

     1932: “Solomon Furth ran an American best 15 4/5 seconds in the 110-meter indoor hurdles” today. (as reported by Bob Wechsler)

    1933(18thof Tevet, 5693): In Los Angeles, Mamie Klein the widow of Henry Klein, the co-owner of Klein-Norton Co. passed away today.

     1933: NBC broadcast the 9th episode of “Flywheel, Shyster and Flywheel” starring Groucho and Chico Marx.

    1933: Birthdate of photographer Nathan Louis Finkelstein whose photographs of Andy Warhol, Edie Sedgwick, and the Velvet Underground would become some of the most famous images of Warhol’s Factory and its revolving cast of characters. 

    1933: “Madame Wants No Children” a comedy with a script co-authored by Billy Wilder and filmed by cinematographer Willy Goldberg was released in Austria and Germany today.

    1933: In New York Mildred and Jack Rosenblatt gave birth to Susan Rosenblatt who gained fame as Susan Sontag

     1935: Rabbi Stephen Wise spoke at luncheon of the Women’s League for Palestine where “it was announced that $21,000 has been received in gifts and pledges toward building a home for needy girls at Tel Aviv.”  The home is similar to one already being operated in Haifa and will cost a total of $40,000 to complete.

    1935: In Boston, Temple Israel is scheduled to begin offering “courses in rabbinical literature, Hebrew and history today.

    1935: The “sub-conferences” of “the sixth Revisionist World Conference” are scheduled to come to an end today.

    1935: Leaders of the Jewish National Fund announced that it had raise $20,000 which represents 40% of the goal of $50,000 needed to buy additional land in Palestine “as perpetual national property.”

    1935(12th of Shevat, 5695): On her 91st birthday, Sophia Beer, the wife of Julius Beer and the daughter of Isaac David Walter and Henriette Walter passed away today in New York.

    1935: Morris Rothenberg, President of the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), announced today that Sunday, January 20, 1935, has been designated as Palestine Day, with observances planned in more than 400 cities across the United States.

    1936: “The Stern Conservatory of Music, founded by a Jewish family in 1850 and operated by it ever since, was turned over to the city of Berlin under orders of Julius Lippert, the Nazi Commissioner of Berlin. (Editor’s note – Anti-Semitism is a good business0

     1936: Foreign Minister Josef Beck issued a statement tonight promising “protection to Polish nationals living in foreign countries, regardless of religion or races” which was welcomed by “Jewish Deputies who had complained recently of the persecution of Polish Jews in Germany.”

    1936: A Magdeburg court sentenced a Jew lawyer named Fliess to one month’s imprisionment for complaining to the Bar Association about the “allegedly insulting manner adopted by” Dr. Kuhlmey “his Nazi adversary in demanding the exclusion of Mr. Fliess on racial grounds.

    1937(4th of Shevat, 5697): Parashat Bo

    1937: “Nationalism was declared the greatest threat to world security and peace in a sermon delivered this morning” in New Orleans, by Rabbi Morris S. Lazaron of Baltimore at Sabbath services attended by delegates to the joint convention of the Union of American Congregations and the affiliated national temple sisterhoods and brotherhoods/”

    1937(4thShevat, 5697): Seventy-seven year old Annie Humphrey Johnston, the daughter of Moses and Esther Lazarus, sister of poet Emma Lazarus and wife of John Henry Johnstone passed away today in Venice.

    1937: In Jerusalem, George Mansour, the secretary of the Arab Labor Federation testified before the Royal Commission that “there was no employment for Arab workers because of the government’s policy which, he alleged, favored the Jews.”

    1938: Funeral services will be held today for Albert Ottinger, the former New York State Attorney General who lost to FDR in the 1928 gubernatorial race, at his home with burial in Union Field Cemetery. 

    1938: Birthdate of Robert Lipsyte, “an American sports journalist and author” who “is a member of the Board of Contributors for USA TODAY's Forum Page, part of the newspaper’s Opinion section. 

    1938:  Benny Goodman refused to play Carnegie Hall unless the African-American members of his band were allowed to perform

    1938: “The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert” was recorded today.

    1938: The Palestine Post reported that a Jewish constable, Shaul Levy, 22, was killed and his companion, Yitzhak Zeldenberg was severely injured by an Arab in the Sanhedria quarter of Jerusalem. The murderer escaped.

     1938: The Palestine Post reported Police found a small Arab arsenal in Ein Zeikun village.

     1938: The Palestine Post reported that a government trade school had opened in Haifa.  

    1938: The Palestine Post reported In Romania, Jews were forbidden to employ Christian women under 40.

     1939: “Jews emigrating from Germany are forbidden from taking jewelry and valuable items with them. All they are allowed to have is a single piece of dining silver each, wedding rings, and a watch worth no more than 100 Reichsmarks.” (As reported by Austin Cline)

    1939(25thof Tevet, 5699): Fifty-nine year old Luxemborg born and University of Michigan trained civil engineer Moritz Katz, the son of Joseph and Rosalie Kahn and the husband of Edith Jackson Kahn with whom he had four children who gegan his career with the American Bridge Company and whose contributions to his field included the creation of “pre-case reinforced concrete ships where were used by the English Admiralty in W.W I passed away today in his berth aboard a train traveling from Detroit to NYC.

    1939: As the war clouds form over Europe that would become WW II, the physicist Neils Bohr, who was “half-Jewish” arrived in New York en route to accepting a position at Princeton.  He told Hungarian born Jewish physicist Leo Szilar that his worst fears had come to pass.  Two German physicists had successfully split the uranium nucleus giving Hitler’s government a major edge in what would become the race to build the first Atom Bomb.

     1940: A two-day forced march of 880 Polish POWs all whom were Jewish came to an end with 600 of them being shot by the Nazis. (Jewish Virtual Library)

     1941: Tonight Axis airplanes raided airfields near Tel Aviv.

    1942: Senitsa Vershovsky, a major in the Soviet Army, is shot by an Einsatzkommando unit at Kremenchug, Ukraine, for protecting Jews.

    1942: The Nazis begin “resettling” the Jews in the Lodz Ghetto to the Chelmno Extermination Camp

    1943: As the Battle of Stalingrad, one of the major turning points in WW II, reached a climax the Nazis lost control of the Pitomnik Airfield which was a major blow to attempts to supply the Wehrmacht.

    1943: It was reported today that 64 year old Judah Isdeslon, the rabbi at the Eldridge Street Synagogue who has “held pulpits in Jersey City and Denver” and is “a leader in the Mizrachi movement” will be buried in New York after having passed away in Miami Beach, FL.

    1944: The acting chairman of the War Labor Board announced “resignation of Robert Abelow as executive director and general counsel for the regional War Labor Board” after which he became “a partner in the firm of Weil, Gotshal and Magnes.

     1944: Secretary of the Treasury Henry J. Morgenthau, Jr. presented a report entitled “Report to the Secretary in the Acquiescence of This government in the Murder of Jews” to President Roosevelt.  Prepared by several non-Jewish technocrats working at the Treasury Department, “the document cited chapter and verse of the State Department’s ‘procrastination and willful failure to act…even willful attempts to prevent action from being taken to rescue Jews from Hitler.’” The report concluded ‘Unless remedial steps…are taken immediately…the government will have share for all time responsibility for this [Jewish] extermination.’ The authors of the report recommended that “refugee policy be removed from the State Department jurisdiction.” 

    1945: Three years after the “resettlement” of the Jews from Lodz began, the Soviets liberate the town and find 870 Jews still alive.

     1945: Roy Nielsen from Milorg and Max Manus from Kompani Linge planted ten limpet mines 50 centimetres (1.6 ft) under the waterline along a 60-metre (200 ft) section of the port side of the SS Donau, became known as the "slave ship" after the SS and Gestapo transported 540 Jews from Norway to Stettin, from where they were taken by train to Auschwitz while she was docked in Oslo.

    1945: The Red Army liberated Czestochowa, including its 800 surviving Jews.

    1946: Birthdate of Sofia native Lydia Lazarov who along with Zefania Carmel “won the 1969 world title in the Team 420 Sailing Class, at Sandhem, Sweden” making them “Israel’s first world champions in any sport.”

    1946: Sid Tanenbaum scored 15 points as he led NYU to victory over Cornell.

    1947:  Birthdate of Dr. Laura Schlessinger.  Her popularity among some Orthodox Jews would seem to run contrary to the admonitions found in Chapter I, Verse 5 of Pirke Avot concerning avoiding the gossip of women.

     1948(5thof Shevat, 5708): Thirty five members of the Haganah set out to bring supplies to the besieged four Kibbutzim known as the Etzion Bloc.  Located the Hebron hills, the four Kibbutzim were defended by thirty armed fighters.  They had already fought off one attack by hundreds of Arabs who were so confident of victory that they had brought bags to cart off the loot.  Due to the lack of equipment which was quite common among the Jewish forces, the thirty five set off without a radio.  According to information gathered later, the column was given inaccurate directions by a local Arab who then alerted those who were besieging the Etzion Bloc.  The Arabs fell upon the Haganah column and killed all of them.  Their bodies were found and brought into the Bloc whose defenders now realized that they were completely on their own.

    1948(5thof Shevat, 5708): Seventy-two year old Jacob W. Mack, a former chairman of the Board of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and a brother of the later Judge Julian W. Mack passed away in Cincinnati, Ohio. (As reported by JTA)

     1948: In New York City, Ernst and Miriam (née Brudno), Reichl to “American food writer” Ruth Reichel.

     1949: Elias Sassoon and King Abdulla met today to discuss the possibility of a prisoner exchange between the Israelis and the Jordanians before the armistice negotiations had been completed at Rhodes.

    1950: Birthdate of American stand-up comedian, Robert George "Bob" Schimmel.

    1951: Laborite MP Ian Mikardo whose Jewish parents had escaped Czarist Russia, commented on an article he had written which included a suggestion for Britain to have a military base in Israel.

     1952: “Scandal Sheet” a film based on The Dark Page by Samuel Fuller and storyline developed by Sidney Buchman was released in the United States today.

    1952: U.S. premiere of “The Light Touch” directed by Richard Brooks (born Reuben Sax) who also wrote the screenplay.

    1953: The Jerusalem Post reported Soviet Jewry's fears that a major anti-Jewish policy statement was being prepared and would soon be announced in Moscow. Four knowledgeable Jewish Communist leaders fled from East Germany in anticipation of the oncoming persecution. The Israeli government stopped the distribution of the Communist daily Kol Ha'am to soldiers and warned that unless the newspaper stopped "naming the poor Jewish doctors in the Soviet Union as murderers and spies, it will be closed as endangering public security." The Histadrut Executive, by 27 votes to one, banned Communist members from participation in any trade-union activities.

    1954: “His Majesty O’keefe,” co-starring Abraham Sofaer, produced by Harold Hecht and with music by Dimitri Tiomkin was released in the United States today.

    1956: Egyptian President Nassar pledged to re-conquer Palestine.  The immediate result of this boast was the Israeli victory in the Sinai Campaign of 1956.

    1958: One of Israel's fondest dreams was fulfilled today with the opening of a new highway linking Elath and Beersheba.

    1961: The production of “Conquering Hero” with a book by Larry Gelbart opened at the ANTA Playhouse.

    1963: A week after firing coaching legend Paul Brown, Art Modell named on the assistant coaches to the Head Coach position.

    1964(2ndof Shevat, 5724): Fifty-nine year old Bronx-born World Flyweight Champion Pincus “Pinky” Silverberg passed away today.

    1964(2ndof Shevat, 5724): Sixty-two year old Aharon Zisling, Israel’s first Minister of Agriculture and member of the first  Knesset passed away today.

    1964: David Merrick’s musical ''Hello, Dolly!'' starring Carol Channing opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.

    1965: The recording of Al Kooper and Irwine Levine’s “This Diamond Ring” by Gary Lews & the Playboys hit #65 on this week’s top 100 Billboard Chart.

    1968(15thof Tevet, 5768): According to the NYT, today and not yesterday is the date when 69 year old Dr. Leopold Infeld, the associate of Albert Einstein passed away.

    1968: At midnight, the INS Dakar set sail from Gibraltar.  After submerging, the Israeli submarine was supposed to sail across the Mediterranean to Israel.

    1972: Terrorist killed one American and injured 3 others during an attack at Gaza today.

    1974: “Mark Lutsker, a 25 year old mathematics student, expelled in 1972 from Voronezh University for wanting to emigrate to Israel, was arrested today at Kiev OVIR when enquiring about his emigration permit, sentenced to two years imprisonment for alleged evasion of military service and sent to camp near Kutaisi, Georgia.”

    1975(4thof Shevat, 5735): Eighty-six year old Israel Abramofsky, the native of Kiev who settled in Toledo, Ohio where he became a leading artist of the 20th century passed away today.,5340386&dq=israel-abramofsky&hl=en

    1976: Lidiya Nisanova of Derbent who had tried to make Aliyah in 1975 went on trial in the Soviet Union on charges of “speculation” and after having been found guilty was sentenced to 18 months in prison.

    1977: Shlomo Hillel begins serving as Interior Minister

    1977: Birthdate of Bnaei Brak native Ariel “Arik” Ze’ev Israel’s black belt in Judo who won the Bronze Medal at the 2004 Olympics in Athens.

    1977: The Marx Brothers were inducted into the Motion Picture Hall of Fame

    1978: The Jerusalem Post reported that the foreign ministers of Israel, Egypt and the US, agreed to hold a "political conference" in Jerusalem.

    1981: Harold H. Saunders who played a key role in the creation of the Camp David Accords, completed his service as the 12th Assistant Secretary of State for Near East Affairs.

    1981: Two days after its release in the United States ‘Scanners” directed and written by David Cronenberg with music by Howard Shore was released in Canada today.

    1983: Jan Peerce who was recovering from a stroke that had left him partially paralyzed on the right side of his body, was forced to postpone a concert that had been scheduled for today.

    1984: Prime Minister Yithak shamir, Defense Minister Moshe Arens and IDF Chief of Stat Moshe Levy are scheduled to attend the funeral of Major Saad Haddad in Lebanon.

    1985(23rdof Tevet, 5745): Sixty-three year old photographer Ruth Orkin passed away today.

    1991(1st of Shevat, 5751): Rosh Chodesh Sh'vat

    1991: Zubin Mehta, the music director of the New York Philharmonic, who was to fly back to New York from Munich today changed his mind and headed for Tel Aviv instead. "He felt he needed to be in Israel" to demonstrate his affection for the country during the Persian Gulf crisis, said Neil Parker, a spokesman for the Philharmonic. Mr. Mehta, who was born in Bombay, has also been the music director of the Israel Philharmonic since 1968. In 1981, the orchestra named him music director for life. He had been in Austria to conduct the Vienna Philharmonic, then had driven to Munich for a flight to Paris, where he was to board the Concorde and return to New York. In Paris, he changed plans and flew to Israel instead. "He feels that the entire country has adopted him and that it was not possible to be anywhere else at this moment but Israel," Mr. Parker said

    1992: Birthdate of Diana Golovanov, the Russian born Israeli singer and actress.

    1993: NBC broadcast the last episode of “The Powers That Be” a sitcom created by David Crane and Martin Kauffman for which Norman Lear served as executive producer.

    1993: Rabbi Kenneth Klaristenfeld officiated at the wedding of his nephew “Edward J. Klaris, an associate at the New York law firm of Lankenau Kovner & Kurtz” and Yale graduate Robin Pogrebin, a staff reporter at the New York Observer who is thedaughter of attorney Bert Pogrebin and Letty Cottin Pogrebin, “a founding editor of Ms. Magazine.”

    1994: After opening in March of 1993, the curtain came down today on the final performance of Paul Rudnick’s Off-Broadway hit “Jeffrey.”

    1995(15thof Shevat, 5755): Tu B’Shevat

    1995: Funeral services are scheduled to be held for real estate developer and civic leader Monte Henry Goldman at Fairlawn Cemetery in Oklahoma City.

    1995: Malcolm Irving Glazer purchased the Tampa Bay Buccaneers franchise and then named his sons Bryan, Joel and Edward co-chairman.

    1996(24thof Tevet, 5756): Ninety-two year old author and music critic Marcia Davenport, the daughter of Bernard Glick and Alma Gluck passed away today. (As reported by Eric Pace)

    1996:President of Israel, Ezer Weizmann, gave a speech to both Houses of Parliament of Germany. He gave this speech in Hebrew to the Germans, fifty years after the Holocaust, and in it he beautifully summed up what Jewish history is. He said:

    "It was fate that delivered me and my contemporaries into this great era when the Jews returned to re-establish their homeland ... "I am no longer a wandering Jew who migrates from country to country, from exile to exile. But all Jews in every generation must regard themselves as if they had been there in previous generations, places and events. Therefore, I am still a wandering Jew but not along the far flung paths of the world. Now I migrate through the expanses of time from generation to generation down the paths of memory..."I was a slave in Egypt. I received the Torah on Mount Sinai. Together with Joshua and Elijah I crossed the Jordan River. I entered Jerusalem with David and was exiled with Zedekiah. And I did not forget it by the rivers of Babylon. When the Lord returned the captives of Zion I dreamed among the builders of its ramparts. I fought the Romans and was banished from Spain. I was bound to the stake in Mainz. I studied Torah in Yemen and lost my family in Kishinev. I was incinerated in Treblinka, rebelled in Warsaw, and emigrated to the Land of Israel, the country from where I have been exiled and where I have been born and from which I come and to which I return.” I am a wandering Jew who follows in the footsteps of my forbearers. And just as I escort them there and now and then, so do my forbearers accompany me and stand with me here today."I am a wandering Jew with the cloak of memory around my shoulders and the staff of hope in my hand. I stand at the great crossroads in time, at the end of the twentieth century. I know whence I come and with hope and apprehension I attempt to find out where I am heading. "We are all people of memory and prayer. We are people of words and hope. We have neither established empires nor built castles and palaces. We have only placed words on top of each other. We have fashioned ideas. We have built memorials. We have dreamed towers of yearning, of Jerusalem rebuilt, of Jerusalem united, of a peace that will swiftly and speedily establish us in our days. Amen."

    1996(24thof Tevet, 5756): Ninety-two year old music critic and author Marcia Davenport, the daughter of Bernard Glick and Alma Gluck passed away today.

    1997: Benny Begin completed his terms as Science and Technology Minister

    1997: Sandy Baron and Sarah Silverman make guest appearances on tonight’s episode of “Seinfeld” entitled “The Money.”

    1998: “Half Baked” a comedy featuring Laura Silverman, Jon Stewart and Bob Saget was released in the United States today.

    2000: After 834 performances at the Ford Center for the Performing Arts, the curtain came down the original Broadway production of “Ragtime” the musical based on E.L. Doctorow’s 1975 novel.

    2000: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960sby Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazin, I’m Not Done Yet! Keeping at It, Remaining Relevant, and Having the Time of My Life by Edward I. Koch with Daniel Paisner and Fire In The Night: Wingate of Burma, Ethiopia, and Zion by John Bierman and Colin Smith.

    2001: In: “Unorthodox Cinema; An Israeli Filmmaker Imagines the Unimaginable,” published today Deborah Sontag provides a sympathetic review of Joseph Cedar's ''Time of Favor,'' called ''Hahesder'' (''The Arrangement'') in Hebrew, which swept the 2000 Israeli Academy Awards. The film concerns a plan by a brilliant, deranged settler to blow up the Dome of the Rock, which would also blow up the region. Locally, this is the ultimate sensational plot. But Mr. Cedar is rare here, an Orthodox Jewish filmmaker in an art world dominated by secular leftists. And in his hands, the sensational, while still sensational, is grounded in an authenticity that lends a haunting pathos to what emerges as a kind of art-house thriller, flawed but gripping.

     2003: Space Shuttle Columbia took off for what would prove to be its final mission.  The shuttle was carrying Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli astronaut.

    2004: The Disney Channel broadcast Pixel Perfect by Neal Shusterman for the first time.

    2004: U.S. premiere of “Along Came Polly” an “American romantic comedy film written and directed by John Hamburg, starring Ben Stiller.”

    2004: Publication of “Survival of the Fittest?” Ari Shavit’s interview with Benny Morris.

    2005: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Seven Types of Ambiguity by Elliot Perlman

    2005: David Klein completed his term as Governor of the Bank of Israel.

    2006: Shav Glick, legendary sports writer, retired from the LA Times. Glick was known for his coverage of auto racing.  He gained early fame writing about Jackie Robinson his classmate at Passadena Junior College.

    2006: The High Court of Justice rejected Jonathan Pollard's petition to be recognized as a Prisoner of Zion on the grounds that he was jailed by US authorities for spying against his country and not for conducting Zionist activity in a country where such activity is prohibited.

    2006(16thof Tevet, 5766): Eighty-two year old “Stanley H. Biber, a small-town Colorado doctor who for decades was internationally renowned as the dean of sex-change surgery, died today at a hospital in Pueblo (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    2007:  An exhibition entitled “From the Heart: The photojournalism of Ruth Gruber” opened at the Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York City. 

    2007:Following the conclusion of several months of probes into the summer's Lebanon war, IDF Chief of General Staff Lt.-Gen. Dan Halutz announced his resignation. 

    2008: Avigdor Lieberman completes his term as Deputy Prime Minister

     2008: At the 92nd Y in Manhattan Jewish author Carl Bernstein discusses his extensive research on Hillary Rodham Clinton, including her political rise and current campaign, and his most recent book, A Woman In Charge: The Life of Hillary Rodham Clinton. Bernstein shared a Pulitzer Prize with Bob Woodward for their coverage of Watergate for The Washington Post.

    2008: The second episode of “The Jewish Americans” airs on PBS.  The three episode series traces the history of the Jews in America starts with the arrival of the first 23 Sephardic Jews in New Amsterdam in 1654 and “ends with Maisyahu, the Chasidic hip-hop star, one of about six million Jews in America today.”  For more information see:

    2008: Ahawkish faction of Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmerts coalition pulled out of his government today following the start of talks this week over how to resolve the most vexing issues of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

    2008: A stone seal bearing the name of one of the families who acted as servants in the First Temple and then returned to Jerusalem after being exiled to Babylonia has been uncovered in an archeological excavation in Jerusalem's City of David, a prominent Israeli archeologist said today. The 2,500-year-old black stone seal, which has the name "Temech" engraved on it, was found earlier this week amid stratified debris in the excavation under way just outside the Old City walls near the Dung Gate, said archeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar, who is leading the dig.

    2009: The American Jewish Historical Society and the American Society for Jewish Music present:“Ethel Raim and the Center for Traditional Music and Dance: Three Decades of Showcasing Jewish Music as part of the Jewish Music Forum featuring Ethel Raim and Professor Mark Slobin of  Wesleyan University.

    2009: Two Grad rockets fired from Gaza hit Kiryat Gat this afternoon, wounding three people and causing heavy damage.

    2009(20thof Tevet, 5769): Eighty year Sherwin “Shy” Raiken the Villanova and NY Knicks basketball player passed away today in Philadlephia.

    2009: Guy Cook, an attorney sent an e-mail stating that “Sholom Rubashkin denies all 99 charges…” (Editor’s note - The denial refers to additional charges filed against Rubashkin on Thursday, January 15, 2009.

    2010: As part of the effort to aid Haiti following the devastating earthquake that struck the country on January 13, a field hospital operated by IDF medical teams became operational today

    2010: At the New York Jewish Film Festival, the New York premiere of “The Jazz Baroness,” a documentary created by filmmaker Hannah Rothschild that tells the story of her great aunt Baroness Pannonica “Nica” Rothschild de Konigswarter who “abruptly leaves her family and creates a new one among celebrated jazz musicians in postwar New York.”

    2010: The 10thannual Atlanta Jewish Festival features a screening of “Anita,” film that revolves around terrorist bombing of the AMIA Jewish Community Center in 1994 that killed 85 people and wounded hundreds more and its impact on the life of Anita Feldman a girl with Down syndrome.

    2010: The Museum of Modern Art features the first showing of Amos Gitai’s Carmel which opens with“quotes from Josephus on the Jewish Wars of two millennia ago, then segues to present-day Israel and his family, with a focus on the remarkably articulate Efratia, the filmmaker’s late mother, whose letters about life in Israel and abroad are read by Jeanne Moreau.”

    2010(1stof Shevat, 5770): Rosh Chodesh Shevat

    2010(1stof Shevat, 5770): Ninety-year old Hungarian born radio host George Jellinek passed away today.!/articles/wqxr-news/2010/jan/18/wqxr-music-host-george-jellinek-90-dies/

    2011: András Schiff told the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung that he had become "persona non grata" in Hungary and would probably never perform there again "or even visit."  This followed charges by Schiff that Hungary was guilty of "racism, discrimination against the Roma, and anti-Semitism…”

    2011: The Minneapolis Jewish Humor Festival is scheduled to present a program entitled5000 Years of Kvetching – Illustrated with cartoonist, Ken Krimstein” during which the New York cartoonist “will discuss the development of his newly published book, Kvetch as Kvetch Can, full of 90 original cartoons, some of which have been published in The New Yorker, Barrons, The National Lampoon, and The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists

    2011: The U.S. premiere of the restored version of “Lies My Father Told Me”, a film set in the 1920s Montreal Jewish immigrant community, is scheduled to take place at The New York Jewish Film Festival.

     2011: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Hadassah sponsored a Tu B’Shevat Seder at Temple Judah

     2011: “The Social Network” based on the life of Mark Zuckerberg won the Golden Globe award for Best Picture.

    2011: In Israel the Cabinet is expected this to approve Israel's acceptance of membership in the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women.

    2011: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Binocular Vision by Edith Pearlman and the recently released paperback edition of The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama by David Remnick

    2011: The Los Angeles Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Binocular Vision: New & Selected Stories by Edith Pearlman

     2011: There were a number of attacks against Jewish institutions in Montreal sometime between yesterday evening and this morning, local media reported today. Vandals reportedly smashed the windows of three synagogues, a Jewish day school, and a Jewish daycare center in the Côte-St-Luc and Hampstead neighborhoods. Local authorities said that there might be a connection between the attacks and that they may have been perpetrated by the same person or group of people

    2011(11thof Shevat, 5771): Milton Levine, the co-creator of “Uncle Milton’s Ant Farm which was an instant hit in the fad-crazy 1950s” passed away today at the age of 97 (As reported by Valerie Nelson)

    2012: “Remembrance,” a film inspired by actual events that depicts a remarkable love story that blossomed in the terror and squalor of a Nazi concentration camp in 1944 Poland, is scheduled to have its New York Premiere at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

     2012: Touro Synagogue Weekend of Peace March-MLK,Jr. Parade is scheduled to take place in New Orleans, LA.

     2012: The 10th Annual Used Book Sale at Beth El Hebrew Congregation is scheduled to come to an end in Alexandria, VA.

     2012: An Israel Defense Forces court sentenced a Palestinian man to five life sentences today, after he was convicted of murdering five members of the Fogel family in the West Bank settlement of Itamar in 2011. Amjad Awad, a 19-year-old student, carried out the crime with his cousin, Hakim Awad, who was already sentenced to five consecutive life sentences in October 2011

    2012: Hackers shut down both the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange (TASE) and El Al’s respective websites today, one day after a hacker network threatened to carry out attacks on both sites. The network, which goes by the name “nightmare group,” was able to cause severe problems for both sites

    2013: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the Hadassah Book Club is scheduled to discuss Unorthodox by Deborah Feldman

    2013: “An NFL source told the Chicago Tribuneearly” today that the Chicago Bears would name Marc Trestman as their new head coach tomorrow.

    2013: At least five rockets were launched from the Gaza Strip in the direction of Ashkelon, at approximately 2:00 am today.

    2013: At The Wiener Library in London, Dr. Joanna Beata Michlic from the Hadassah-Brandeis Institute is scheduled to deliver a lecture that “discusses early postwar memories of Jewish survivors and their rescuers concerning wartime rescue in Warsaw and Warsaw province, and the relationships between rescuers and their Jewish charges in the immediate postwar period.”

    2013: “Aya” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: A week before the January 22 elections, representatives of the eight largest political parties running for Knesset will face off before the English- speaking public at The Jerusalem Great Synagogue tonight.

    2013: Today the Jerusalem District Court convicted the "Jewish Terrorist" Jack Teitel of murdering two Palestinians and an assortment of other crimes between 1997 and 2008.

    2014: The San Diego Center for Jewish Culture is scheduled to host a “Collage Workshop with Irene Neimark.”

    2014: “Saul Bass Shorts” and “Cupcakes” are scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival

    2014: The Daniel Cooney Gallery is scheduled to host the reception which marks the opening of “Inframen” a project of Nir Arieli.

    2014(15thof Shevat): According to the tradition of the Bene Israel of India, the prophet Elijah ascended to heaven

    2014(15thof Shevat, 5774): Tu BiShvat

    2014(15thof Shevat, 5774): Eighty-nine year old Seattle born producer Harvey Bernhard passed away today.

    2014: Sirens went off tonight in the Ashkelon region as rockets were fired from Gaza for a second straight night.

     2014: Among those nominated for Oscars today were “The Act of Killing”Joshua Oppenheimer and Signe Byrge Sørensen for Best Documentary Feature and Emmanuel Lubezki for Cinematography for his work in “Gravity”

    2014: The Ministry for Senior Citizens announced today that it canceled its NIS 25,000 ($7,000) support for a remembrance event organized by the city of Ramat Gan for International Holocaust Remembrance Day, after a Ynet report revealed that participants would be charged a NIS 20 ($6) entrance fee, including Holocaust survivors. (As reported by Gilad Morag)

    2015: Prosecutors at the International Criminal Court opened a preliminary examination of possible war crimes committed in the Palestinian territories, the first formal step that could lead to charges against Israelis today. (As reported by Rick Gladstone and Isabel Kershner)

    2015: “An Unmarried Woman” is scheduled to be shown at the 92nd Street Y as part of the winter film series.

    2015: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today blasted the joint Labor-Hatnua party list — now called the Zionist Camp — for being “anti-Zionist” and representing the “radical left,” and said his Likud party would not sit in a future coalition alongside it. (As reported by Marissa Newman)

    2015: Secretary of State John Kerry laid a wreath at a kosher supermarket near Paris where four people were killed on January 9.

    2015: The NIFY Southern Winter is scheduled to begin at Memphis, TN.

    2016(6thof Shevat 5776): Parashat “Bo.”

    2016: “Peridance, a group led by Israeli choreographer and dance teacher Igal Peri” is scheduled to appear at the Salvatore Capezio Theatre.

    2016: Israeli trumpeter Itamar Borochov is scheduled to perform tonight at the Rockwood Music Hall this evening.

    2017: In Falls Church, VA, graveside are scheduled to be held 105 year old Hilde Metzger Prins, daughter of Louis and Clara Metger who moved to Palestine in 1933 to escape the Nazis at the same time she sought refuge in Amsterdam after which she moved to New York and married Benajamin Prins in 1940 with whom she moved to Washington 1948 where she raised their daughter Judith, the wife of Larry Lorber.

    2017: Today, Iraqi forces “retook an area in Mosul” where the Islamic State jihadists had levelled “the Nabi Yunus Shrine which was built on the reputed burial site of the prophet known as Jonah in 2014.

    2017: The Daily Mail reported today that an Amazon employee who correctly guessed that a customer who purchased her niece was Jewish based on her last name “was fired after allegedly leaving a note in a package for a Jewish customer which read: “Greetings from Uncle Adolf.” (As reported by JTA)

    2017:  A special preview of “Denial” the film based on Deborah E. Lipstadt victory of Holocaust denier David Irving, written by David Hare and starring Rachel Weisz and Timothy Spall is scheduled to take place at the Phoenix Cinema under the sponsorship of the UKJF

    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host a term opening event at the Varsity Club this evening.

    2017: Jack Alan Markell completed his service as the 73rd Governor of Delaware.

    2017: “Past Life” and “Such is Life” are scheduled to be shown at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2017: In celebration of Martin Luther King Day, the Museum at Eldridge Street is scheduled to host a program for the whole family – What’s Your Dream? Including a discussion of What Do You Do With An Idea?

    2018: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to dinner where students will have a chance to “learn a bit about something topical and Jewish.”

    2018: In New Orleans, the Cathy and Morris Bart Jewish Cultural Arts Series is scheduled to host a screening of “Keep Quiet” which tells the “true story of a former far-right, anti-Semitic member of the Hungarian Jobbik party who discovered he was Jewish.”

    2018: “German authorities said today they were conducting searches countrywide in connection with 10 suspected Iranian spies, with one report saying that the suspects were members of an elite military force that had been watching Israeli and Jewish targets.”

    2018: “The United States sent $60 million to keep the UN relief agency for Palestinians (UNRWA) in operation but withheld a further $65 million while it urged others to pay more, a State Department official said today.”

    2018: The IAF announced this evening that “Major T., whose first name is not provided due to security, a 35-yeaer old mother of town has been named the commander of a flight squadron making her the first female pilot to hold such a position

    2018: “Army sappers detonated a cellphone-operated explosive device that was apparently planted by Palestinians at the entrance to the Joseph’s Tomb holy site in the city of Nablus early this morning, ahead of a visit by approximately 1,000 Jewish worshipers, the army said.”

    2018: In the District of Columbia, the Washington Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host a screening of “Two Trains Runnin’”

    2019: Dr. Laurence Sherr, the “composer-in-residence and Professor of Music at Kennesaw State University” and “an internationally recognized Holocaust music lecturer” is scheduled to tell the “compelling stories about the “resistance and defiance often hidden in the artistic work of Jewish musicians imprisoned at Terezin” at the Breman Museum in Atlanta, GA.

    2019: “Alan Bern and Svetlana Kundish” are scheduled to present “Music from a Vanished World” at the Jewish Museum in London.

    2019: In Cleveland, the Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage is scheduled to host a screening of “The Gatekeepers” a documentary by Dror Moreh.

    2019: “Chasing Portraits” is scheduled to shown this afternoon at the New York Jewish Film Festival.

    2019(10thof Shevat, 5779): On the Jewish calendar Yahrzeit of Rabbi Shalom Sharabi.





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