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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.
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    November 21


    456 BCE (20th of Kislev, 3306): On November 21, Ezra called together all the men of Judah and Benjamin and told them that they would have to give up their foreign born wives.  This was part of an attempt by the returning exiles to purify and strengthen the House of Israel even though some might say that it altered the definition of “who was a Jew” as can be seen by the Book of Ruth which was written to portray a different point of view. 



    164 BCE: On the secular calendar, Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.



    1265: Abraham of Augsburg, who had converted to Judaism “died a martyr’s death” today which was the subject of elegies by Mordecai ben Hillel and Moses ben Jacob.



    1272:  Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.  As bad as Henry had been for the Jews, Edward would prove to be even worse.  After squeezing all he could out of his Jewish subjects, Edward expelled them in 1290.  England would remain officially Jew-free until for the next four centuries.



    1384, Philip the Bold regulated the status of the Jews. He permitted fifty-two families to settle in the towns of his domain on payment of an entrance fee and an annual tax. He fixed the rate of interest; henceforth a Jew was to be believed on his oath, and the evidence of a single apostate was declared invalid. The chiefs of the Jews were called "masters of law"; the Jewish cemetery was separated from the others, and a noble of the court was instituted guardian of the Jews. The general expulsion of the Jews from France in 1394 put an end to their presence in Franche-Comté. Israel Lévi has proved that a certain number of well-known rabbis lived in this province in the first half of the fourteenth century—for instance, Joseph b. Jacob Tournoy and Joseph de Musidan.


    1513: As Johann Reuchlin continued Johannes Pfefferkorn's drive to confiscate all books belonging to the Jews, Pope Leo ordered the Bishops of Speyer and Worms to hear the charge against Reuchlin.  Reuchlin was a Christian German Scholar whose field of study included Greek and Hebrew.  He had studied the Hebrew texts for the Emperor and found that most of them did not speak ill of Christiainity which meant that they should not be destroyed.  This thwarted the aim of Pfefferkorn and his allies. 


    1616(5377):Moses Mordecai ben Samuel Margolioth, the native of Posen who served as the head of the Yeshiva at Cracow for twenty years starting in 1591 when Joseph Katz passed away, passed away today.


    1619: Shah Abbasi (Sufi Dynasty, Persia) intensified persecution against the Jews. Many Jews were forced to live "Marrano-like" lives, outwardly practicing Islam. This policy was continued by his son, Abbas II.



    1654(11th of Kislev, 5415): Rachel Heller (Ashkenazi), the wife of Tosfot Yom Tov and daughter of Aharon Moses Ashkenazi (Munk) and Nechama Nechele Nechly Netile Ashkenazi passed away today.



    1694: Birthdate of the French philosopher Voltaire.  The great philosopher of the Enlightenment was a vicious anti-Semite.  Not only that, he was an anti-Semite with a twist.  Other Enlightenment philosophers that once Jews were no longer persecuted they would give up their religious trappings and meld into the mainstream of European culture.  Voltaire believed that Jews were innately deformed and that they were beyond reform.  However, Voltaire was humane, but he did not believe that they should be burned at the stake. In his own words he described Jews as “an ignorant, and barbarous people who have long exercised the most sordid avarice and detestable superstition, and an insurmountable hate for all peoples who have tolerated and enriched them.



    1746: In Reading, PA, David Mendez Machado and Zipporah Nunez gave birth to Rebecca Menes Machado who became Rebecca Mendes Phillips when she married Jonas Phillips and later became “one of the founding members of the Female Association for Relief of Women and Children in Reduced Circumstance” and a “director of the Female Benevolent Society, the first Jewish charity in America unrelated to a synagogue."



    1789: North Carolina ratifies the U.S. Constitution to become the 12thstate in the Union.  North Carolina has one of the oldest Jewish communities in the United States. The early history of the Jews in North Carolina is a mixed.  In 1776, it was one the original thirteen colonies that could boast of having an organized Jewish community.  In 1852, the Jews of Wilmington, N.C, purchased land for a burial plot.  However, the congregation was not organized for another until 1867.  This lengthy was not unusual in the South.  In other ante-bellum communities, land was purchased for a cemetery, but with war clouds gathering, Jews waited before building synagogues and temples.  Further delay was caused by the Civil War and the impoverishment that followed. In 1809, Jacob Henry was the first Jew elected to the legislature in the state.  He accomplished this feat despite the state’s religious tests for office holders.  Strangely enough, the Tar Heel state did not get around to removing religious tests until 1876. The Jewish Community of North Carolina has made great strides over the years.   According to the Glenmary Research Center, which publishes Religious Congregations and Membership in the United States Guilford County (which includes Greensboro and High Point) ranked 99thon a list of the 100 counties in 2000 with the largest Jewish communities, based by percentage of total population. The thirty thousand Jews comprise 0.3% of the state’s population but pack enough clout to have gotten then Governor Jim Hunt to support a state agency designed to stimulate economic and cultural exchanges with the state of Israel. 



    1792: Birthdate of Benoit Fould, the French banker who married Helena Oppenheim whose dowry provided “part of the initial capital of the new bank Foul-Oppenheim et Cie.



    1800: Birthdate of “bare-knuckle boxer” Barney Aaron the native of Aldgate who was nicknamed “The Star of the East” and who was the father “Young Barney Aaron”.



    1818: A petition written by Lewis Way, an English missionary, requesting the restoration of an independent Jewish nation in Palestine was submitted by Czar Alexander to the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle



    1822(7th of Kislev, 5583): Eighty year old Lazarus Solomon passed away in Jamaica today.



    1823: Birthdate of Julius von Gomperzes, the Austrian industrialist who brother of historian Theodor Gomperzes, and the uncle of philosopher Heinrich Gomperzes.



    1824: [Editors note: Contrary to popular misconception, the American Jewish Community has deep, historic roots outside of New York and its immediate environs.] The first Reform Congregation, Beth Elohim, was established in Charleston, South Carolina. Beth Elohim congregation is the birthplace of Reform Judaism in America and the oldest surviving Reform congregation in the world. Its members have been eminent leaders in the city, state and nation. Among them: Moses Lindo, who helped develop cultivation of indigo, and Joseph Levy, the first Jewish military officer in America. The present beautiful Greek revival temple at 90 Hasell Street (pronounced Hazel) was built in 1840. The congregation began as a Sephardic group in 1749. George Washington wrote, "May the same temporal and eternal blessings which you implore for me rest upon your Congregation..." The Beth Elohim Coming Street cemetery is the largest pre-Revolutionary Jewish cemetery in America. The congregation's first rabbi, Moses Cohen, was the first person buried here, in 1762. Bernard Baruch's great grandfather, Rabbi Hartwig Cohen, is one of several other Beth Elohim rabbis here. Other noteworthy persons at this site are nine Charleston Jews who took part in the American Revolution, six who fought in the War of 1812, eight of the 180 Charleston Jews who fought in the Civil War, and three of the Jewish Masons who founded the Scottish Rite here in 1801. The history of Charleston Jewry is beautifully documented with ceremonial objects, records, paintings and photographs at the Beth Elohim Archives Museum. A three-story house at 89-91 Church Street in Charleston was the model for Catfish Row, the centerpiece of Porgy and Bess. George Gershwin wrote the opera while living in Folly Beach. As it moves into the 21st century, the Jewish Community shows its vibrancy through the construction of the College of Charleston, Yaschik/Arnold Jewish Studies Center. Housed in a new three million dollar, 12,000 square foot building, the center offers college credit Jewish studies courses serving the entire community. The Robert Scott Small Library houses the largest archives of South Carolina Jewish history.  Last but not least, Reuben Morris Greenberg has been Chief of Police in the city since 1982.  He is the first African-American Jewish police chief in the city’s history.



    1831: Robert le diable (Robert the Devil) an opera in five acts composed by Giacomo Meyerbeer premiered tonight at the Academie Royale De Musique in Pars.



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_le_diable#/media/File:Robert_le_Diable_(Meyerbeer)_1831.jpg



    1837: Birthdate of “Austrian literary historian Marcus Landau” the native of Brody who “wrote over 700 essays, memoirs, and feuilleton articles in German and Italian for newspapers and literary periodicals.”



    1841: Jonas Jonas married Catherine Levy the Great Synagogue today.



    1842: Sir Louise Loewe created a series of hand-drawn maps for Sir Moses Montefiore showing the parts of Western and Eastern Europe through which they would be traveling on their way to the Levant.



    http://www.ochjs.ac.uk/mullerlibrary/digital_library/Intranet/Loewe/stainedglassdesign/LL/Louis-10.html



    1848: In New York, the "B'nai Jeshurun Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society," for the relief of indigent females was formed thanks to the efforts of Mrs. Henry Leo, Mrs. A.H. Lissak and Mrs. David Samson.



    1849: Birthdate of William A Gans, who practiced law with Samuel B Hamburger for 35 years and who besides his involvement in numerous Jewish communal organizations, served as a Captain in the Sixth Regiment of the National Guard of New York.



    1851: In New York, Albert M. Gans and Julia Stransky gave birth to attorney William A. Gans the graduate of NYU, the youngest ever appointed to serve in the New York National Guard and active member of the B’nai B’rith who was president of the Maimonides Library for twenty years., president of the Menorah Publishing Company for five years and columnist for the American Hebrew who wrote the “On the Wing Column” using the nom de plume “Argus.”



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1915/04/09/106126272.pdf



    1852: Birthdate of Jeanette Schwerin, the native of Berlin who “was a women’s rights activist and a pioneer social worker.



    1854: Birthdate of Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa who as Pope Benedict XV denounced anti-Semitism in response to a petition by American Jews and who gave Nahum Sokolov an extended audience where he presented the case for a Jewish state in Palestine to the Pontiff.



    1857: In Zanesville, Ohio, Jacob Schumacher and his wife gave birth to Gottlieb Schumacher, the future U.S. Consular Agent in Haifa.



    1859: Simon F. Norton the future father-in-law of Henry Klein, who had founded Norton’s Dry Goods at Los Angeles earlier this year became a naturalized U.S citizen today.



    1860: Phineas Solomons married Julia Myers at the Great Synagogue today.



    1861: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed Judah P. Benjamin Secretary of War. Before the Civil War, Benjamin had been the second Jewish member of the United States.  After the war, he would refuse to surrender and would move to Great Britain where he became a barrister.  Benjamin is always connected with Louisiana and New Orleans.  However, there is also a strong connection with Charleston, South Carolina. Judah Philip Benjamin attended the Hebrew Orphan Society School in Charleston, as a boy. The building still stands at 88 Broad Street. High on the front is a Hebrew inscription. The house of Judah Benjamin's father can be seen nearby at 35 Broad Street.



    1865: Abraham Shnerman and Bonetta Wiley gave birth to Rosa Shnerman who married Max Shloss and became Rosa Shnermann Shloss, the name on her tombstone in Emmanuel Cemetery in Des Moines, IA.



    1866: Jacob Schiff was licensed as a broker today.



    1870: In Vilna, leather merchant Osip Berkman and Yetta Berkman gave birth to Ovsei Osipovich Berkman who gained famed as Alexander Berkman the anarchist from of Emma Goldman who attempted to assassinate Henry Clay Frick during the steel strike.



    1871: “Railroad Travel” published today described the interaction between a passenger traveling from Syracuse and New York City and what he described as “Hebrew matron” weighing at least “250 pounds.”



    1873: It was reported today that the Charity Committee of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society has issued an appeal to the Jewish community to provide aid to their less fortunate co-religionists who are suffering during the current economic depression which has resulted in a marked increase in unemployment.  Because of the severity of the current economic crisis there is a large number of “industrious laborers and artisans” who are suffering and are not used to seeking aid and assistance. Contributions of money and clothing can be left a Number 6 Walker Street in Manhattan.



    1874(12th of Kislev, 5635): Birthdate of Rena L. Phillips.



    1875: According to reports published today, Emanuel B. Hart, a member of New York’s Jewish community will be in charge of entertainment at next month’s fund raiser for Mount Sinai Hospital.



    1877: Birthdate of Rudolf Löb, the native of Eberfeld, Prussia who was the first non-family member to serve as chairman of the banking house of Mendelssohn & Co.



    1878: It was reported today that a copy of the “Kabbala Denudata” which was published in Frankfort in 1684 has been sold at auction for $19.00. (This probably refers to work entitled “The Kabbalah Unveiled” by Christian Knorr von Rosenroth.]



    1879: “An assignment for the benefit of creditors, by Abraham Lager to Max Moses, was filed in the County Clerk’s office” in New York today.



    1879: A report was published today describing the worsening situation of the Jews in Germany.  During the last month, at least 30 anti-Semitic pamphlets have been published in Berlin.  An "Antisemiten-Liga" (“League of Antisemites”) has been formed the members of which are “many of the wealthiest and most prominent citizens.”  Riots have taken place in which Jews have been not only insulted by severly maltreated.   The origin of this commotion may be traced back directly to that current of reaction, both in Church and State, which is now setting in over all of Germany.”



    1879: The first edition of The American Hebrew is published in New York. Phillip Cowen was the first publisher of this weekly paper which was founded by F. de Sola Mendes.



    1880: Founding of the Hebrew Union Synagogue in Greenville, MS located on Main Street with a cemetery on Poplar Street whose members included Charles Hafter, Sam Blum and Henry Schall. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Friedland



    1880: The annual reception and ball sponsored by the William Rothschild Association is scheduled to take place this evening in New York City’s Irving Hall.



    1880: It was reported today that the government faced stiff questioning about the recent outbreak of anti-Semitism during a session of the lower house of the Prussian Diet.  Deputies “denounced the revival of race hatred and pointed out the inconsistency” of a country that “had taken diplomatic action in favor of the removal of disabilities of the Jews in the Balkan Principalities” harboring such sentiments.



    1881: “Jewish Legends” published today provides a detailed review of The Wandering Jew by Moncure Daniel Conway.



    1881: Birthdate of Viennese banker Felix Somary who before the Anschluss repeatedly tried to get Baron Louis Nathaniel de Rothschild to leave Austria



    1882: Jehiel Brill left Rosinoi, Russian Poland, with eleven men—ten farmers and a "melamed" (teacher)—today, and arrived at Palestine the following month. The story of his journey and of its results is given in detail in his work, Yesod ha-Ma'aleh (The Base of the Slope). Brill was Russian journalist who had been chosen for his take by Rabbi Samuel Mohilever and Baron Edmond de Rothschild.  (As reported by the Jewish Encyclopedia)



    1883: It was reported today that Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Nathan led the opening march at the charity ball hosted by the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum.



    1883: In Franklin Falls, NY, Nathan Lamport, the son of Esther and Tsvi Hirsch Lamport and Sarah Lamport gave birth to Arthur Lamport



    1884: In Odessa, Mordecai (Max) Podeell and Minnie Podell gave birth to David Louis Podell, who came to the United States in 1893 where he became a successful lawyer in New York, helped to draft the National Industrial Recovery Act,served as a trustee for the Federation of Jewish Charities and the Educational Alliance and was the husband of Sarah (Cissie) Podell



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1947/02/02/93786780.pdf



    1885: At Parepa Hall on the corner of 86th Street and Third Avenue “A charitable fair” sponsored by the Hebrew Ladies’ Benevolent Society which is raising “funds to assist the poor without regard to creed, color or nationality” is scheduled to come to an end this evening



    1885: On Shabbat, Rabbi Henry Pereira Mendes delivered a sermon at Shearith Israel Synagogue “concerning the recent meeting” of a group of rabbis at Pittsurgh “and their publication of a…declaration of the ideas of reformed Judaism, ideas which” the rabbi said, “are totally different from European reformed Judaism.



    1886: Three days after she had passed away, 80 year old Rosetta (Rose) Lazarus, the widow of Joseph Lazarus, with whom she had eight children, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”



    1887: Birthdate date of Louise Pollak who married Julian Pollak in 1913



    1887: “Something About Prejudice” published today highlights the views of Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler on this subject. In his view, the Jews can do a great deal “to totally annihilate” prejudice “by not exhibiting prejudice in their turn”



    1888: It was reported today that Conrad Ausorge performed Schubert’s “Wander Fanstasia” at the Metropolitan Opera House as part of concert that was a fundraiser of the Aguilar Free Library which was founded in 188 and named for Sephardic Jewish author Grace Aguilar.



    1890: After surviving a three day run the Finance Committee of the Citizens’ Savings Bank which had been so desperate to regain public confidence that it had enlisted the services of a local rabbi, is scheduled to meet today to see what can be done to salvage the financial institution that has large number of poor Jewish depositors. 



    1890: Mark Koss, a tailor from Kiev, begged Agent Reinholz of the United Hebrew Charities Society to help him recover his missing baby who had been kidnapped by Sara Grimsburg, a former girlfriend whom he had known in Russia.



    1891: A “Palestine Bazaar” a fund raiser held to provide additional funds for the Louis Down-Town Sabbath and Daily comes to an end after three days.  The Bazaar had been closed on Friday.



    1891: Herzl's comedy "Prinzen aus Genieland" - "Princes from Genius Land", is produced at the Carltheater in Vienna. It achieves only a short run.



    1891(20th of Cheshvan, 5652): In the U.K. 41 year old David Crawcour who lived at 10 Mulcaster Street, passed away today.



    1892(2nd of Kislev, 5653): Henry Murh, a prominent member of the Philadelphia, PA Jewish community passed away.  A native of Bavaria, he established H. Murh’s Sons, a jewelry manufacturing firm.



    1892: Sándor Wekerle, the Prime Minister of Hungary appeared before the Diet where he “promised that bills for State recognition of the Jewish religion” would be introduced by his government.



    1893: Dr. Joseph Silverman introduced Professor Charles Briggs at a meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association who lectured on “Modern Biblical Criticism.”



    1893: “A Sop for Jews in Russia” published today described a possible new policy in Russia that will Jews to live in “Russo-Polish” villages owned by noblemen who will “guarantee their lawful behavior” but will continue to forbid Jewish settlement where such guarantees cannot be obtained.



    1894: “The New Czar” published today held out little hope for an improvement of the condition of the Jews, since “the cruel persecution of the Jews, was the most popular part of the late Czar’s governmental program and that if a “really representative Russian Parliament” were ever assembled it adopt even more stringent regulations against the Jews.



    1895: Several New York Jewish businessman expressed their “utter indifference” with the announced plans of Dr. Ahlwardt , the German anti-Semite and Jew baiter to visit the United States next month. 



    1895: Herzl arrives in London and holds conversations with Israel Zangwill. Zangwill gives him the names of "several suitable men" with whom to meet including Colonel Goldsmid, Rabbi Singer and Chief Rabbi Adler.



    1896: Following the issuance of President Grover Cleveland’s Thanksgiving Proclamation that asked for “a continuance of heavenly favor through the mediation of Him who us how to pray, Rabbi Isaac M. Wise said that in invoking the image of Jesus, “the President panders to the passions of those bigoted sectarians who have been endeavoring to undermine the pure secularism upon which this Government is based.”



    1896: The University of Wisconsin football team led by first year head coach Philip King, a Jewish native of Washington, DC defeated the University of Minnesota today for its sixth straight victory.


    1897: The Chief Rabbi is scheduled to preach the sermon at today’s service marking the celebration of the centenary of the founding of Western Synagogue which will include a musical program under the direction of Orchestra conductor Johann Davids and choir director D.M. Davis.



    1897: Professor Felix Adler delivered an address “What is Religion?” at the Carnegie Music Hall today.



    1897: The Board of Deputies is scheduled to hold its monthly meeting this morning at the Vestry room of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in London.



    1897: Today, Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, the founder and President of the National Farm school said, "It requires courage, moral courage, the highest kind of courage to be honest: fairly, frankly, fully honest. If you are honest, their lives not a man on earth who can humiliate you. If you have honor, though very little else besides, you have more wealth, more glory, more power, than all the hypocrites combined."



    1897: Services were poorly attended today at Temple Emanu-El “owing to the fact that it was not generally known that Sunday services were being held” and that this only the second Sunday on which Sabbath services have been held. (The Reform Movement would find that moving Shabbat Services from Saturday to Sunday would not be a boon to attendance any more than the replacing Saturday services with Friday Night Family Services would be.)



    1898: In London, Sir Meyer Adam Spielman and Gertrude Emily Spielman gave birth to Winifred Jessie Gertrude Speilmann who became Winifred Jessie Gertrude Raphael when she married Ralph Oliver Raphael.



    1898: After having identified the body Emanuel Wachenheim, William Wolf was reported to have said he count imagine “why he killed himself” since he was “in good circumstances,” had a wife and three children and was active in several Jewish organizations including the Sons of Benjamin.



    1898: According to a description published today the new Hebrew Infant Asylum “building” which can accommodate 200 children “is a four story structure of colonial design” that includes all the modern conveniences including “a hospital for contagious disease.”



    1899: Herzl submits a memorandum for the Czar to explain the Zionist plans and to ask for an audience.



    1899(19th of Kislev, 5660): Seventy-three year old A. L. Freidland (Moshe Aryeh Leib Friedland) the husband of Hanna Keila Friedland and the “donor of the Bibliotheca Friedlandiana to the Imperial Academy of Sciences” passed away today in St. Petersburg, Russia.



    1899: In Paris, “The Senate sitting as High Court for the trial of conspiracy cases resumed the examination of” Jules Guérin “who insisted the Anti-Semitic League of France” of which he is a leader ‘had not meddled with politics but had merely ‘defended the working classes against the power of the Jews and that he “had never plotted against the Republic.”  (Anti-Semitism, including the Dreyfus case, were part of a larger conflict between those who supported the Third Republic and those who sought a rightist takeover.)



    1899: Birthdate of Bohemian naïve Hans Goldman, the Prague trained award winning Swiss ophthalmologist



    http://ascrs.org/honorees/hans-goldmann-md



    https://bjo.bmj.com/content/bjophthalmol/76/6/384.full.pdf



    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322693931_Hans_Goldmann_1899-1991



    1901: The care of children was scheduled to be the topic at the second day’s meeting of the Second New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections at which time Rabbi Adolph M. Radin will be allowed to express his concern about the treatment of Jewish children at the Juvenile Asylum including the lack of a Rabbi to serve as a children and the practice of taking Jewish children and sending to live with Christian families who will raise the youngsters in that faith.



    1904: In New York City, “Charles H. Israels, an architect and Belle Linder who was a political advisor to Governor Al Smith gave birth to Carlos L Israels the graduate of Amherst and Columbia University Law School, “a specialist in securities law” and “the president of the United Hias Service” who was the husband of “the former Ruth Goldstein” with whom he had three children – Charles, Michael and Elizabeth.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1969/07/26/81552662.pdf



    1904(13th of Kislev, 5665): A month before his 62ndbirthday, Joseph Bernard Bloomingdale, the Bavarian born Jewish immigrant who, along with his brother Lyman “founded Bloomingdales Department Store” or as it is known to shopping aficionado’s  “Bloomies” passed away today.



    1905: Albert Einstein's paper, "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", is published in the journal "Annalen der Physik". This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the famous equation e=mc².



    1905: “In an interview on the ant-Jewish outrages Prince Urusoff, the new Assistant Minister of the Interior said today that the Jews were to a certain extent to blame on account of their open exultation over their new found liberties.”



    1905: Having already sent $600,000 to Sir Samuel Montagu which is to be forwarded as quickly to Russia, Jacob H. Schiff, Treasurer of the National Committee for the Relief of Sufferers by Russian Massacre is scheduled to send $50,000 today to the Anglo-Jewish leader for their Russian co-religionists.



    1905: In Chicago, “M.E. Greenbaum, Treasurer of the Jewish Relief Association Committee, sent a check for $20,000 to Jacob H. Schiff of New York” today bring the total sent from this city to $60,000.



    1905: It was reported today that Miss Lillian D. Wald of the Nurses Settlement and her co-workers have offered “to go to Russia and nurse the sick and wounded.”



    1905: Dr. Maurice Fishberg of the Jewish Daily News “received a letter from Solomon Rabinowitz” the author known as Sholom Aleichem describing conditions in Kiev in which he wrote “I, with my wife and children are cowering under a storm of leaden bullets that are being fired over our heads so that we shall remain powerless, useless, paralyzed.”



    1905: In the Russian capitol, “an afternoon paper quotes a man who has just arrived in St. Petersburg as saying that 10,000 Don Cossacks are marching from Tashkent to St. Petersburg with the object of releasing the Emperor, whom they believe to be a captive in the hands of the Jews.”



    1905: “Speaking of the Jewish question a member of the Russian Cabinet said today: “For the Cabinet there exists no Jewish question.  It is not what should be done, but how to do it.  We are absolutely of one mind that all the restrictions on the Jews should be abolished.  But for the government to decree equality without action on the part of the Duma would be full of danger” because anti-Semitism is so prevalent in the country.



    1907: Birthdate of American artist Aaron Bohrod, the native of Chicago and “son of an emigre Bessarabian-Jewish grocer” who is “best known for his trompe-l'œil still-life paintings.”



    http://www.nytimes.com/1992/04/06/arts/aaron-bohrod-84-realist-artist-whose-paintings-could-deceive.html



    http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/interviews/oral-history-interview-aaron-bohrod-12310



    1909: In New York City, Pauline Meltsner and Joseph Goldwater gave birth to Dora Goldwater the older sister of Sadie Goldwater.



    1909(8th of Kislev, 5670): Mrs. Mariane Leibowitz passed away today.



    1912: In Palestine, Nehemiah Myer Cohen and his wife gave birth to Israel Cohen, who left his father’s butcher shop business in Lancaster, PA during the 1930’s to combine forces with Samuel Lehrman to open the first of the grocery stores that became the Giant Food store chain.



    1912: The New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections which was attended by delegates Samuel Untermyer, Mortimer L. Schiff, Simon Rosendale of Albany, NY, William M. Rosendale, Rabbi Max Landsberg, Mrs. Albert Hessberg, Samuel Gompers and Lee Frankel of New York City opened in Syracuse, NY was scheduled to come to an end today.



    1913: Supreme court Justice Seabury ordered the sale in foreclosure of the Bijou Theatre property in a suit brought by Felix M Warburg, Isaac N Seligman, Paul M. Warburg and Mortimer L. Schiff as trustees under the will of Alfred M. Heinsheimer against the Bijou Real Estate Company. [Seabury was the only non-Jew mentioned in this item.]



    1914(3rd of Kislev, 5675): Parashat Toldot



    1914(3rd of Kislev, 5675): George Zierger passed away today in New York



    1914: “Contributions to the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews suffering the war” as of today “amount to $1,845” with the amount deposited to date in the Guaranty Trust Company of America totaling $23, 556.



    1915: Funeral services for Dr. Solomon Schechter were held this morning at the Jewish Theological Seminary.  Four hundred mourners, including a “who’s who” of the Jewish community, packed the building while more than a thousand people stood outside waiting to pay homage to the deceased sage and scholar.



    1915: In response to a written, publicly published request by Ephraim Cohen, their President, members of Congregation Kehilath Israel are among those attending the funeral service Professor Solomon Schechter that start this morning at 10:30 A.M.



    1915: “In an address” today “before the Independent Order Free Sons of Israel at Daniel Webster Hall, Maurice B. Blumenthal expressed the Jewish fraternal organization’s opposition to the Gary Plan because of its “religious features.”



    1915: The funeral of New Yorker Isaac Aaron who passed on November 19 is scheduled to be held today



    1915: The tombstone of Abraham Weckstein was unveiled this afternoon at Mount Zion Cemetery at Maspeth, L.I.



    1916: Birthdate of Sid Luckman, legendary quarterback of the Chicago Bears.



    1916:  Emperor Franz Josef dies at the age of 85. He is followed to the throne by his 29 year old great nephew, Archduke Charles. Beginning with the start of regime of Franz Joseph I of Austria as the Emperor of the Austria–Hungary Empire his Jewish subjects enjoyed an unprecedented period economic, artistic and social success. “Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria bestowed on the Jewish population equality of rights saying, ‘the civil rights and the country’s policy is not contingent in the people’s religion.’ The emperor was well liked by the Jewish population, which as a token of appreciation wrote prayers and songs about him which were printed in Jewish prayer books. In 1849 the emperor canceled the prohibition against the Jewish population organizing within the community. In 1852 new regulations of the Jewish community were set. In 1867 the Jewish population formally received full equal rights. In 1869 the emperor visited Jerusalem and was greeted in great admiration by the Jewish population there. The emperor established a fund aimed at financing the establishment of Jewish institutions and in addition established the Talmudic school for rabbis in Budapest. During the 1890s several Jews were elected to the Austrian parliament.” But Franz Josef’s greatest impact on the Jewish people was his role in the start of World War I.  The Emperor’s unwillingness to reach any compromise with Serbia and his determination to punish his Slavic neighbor unleashed the catastrophe that caused unprecedented suffering for the Jews of eastern Europe who were caught between the opposing imperial armies for four years, unleashed the forces that led to the Holocaust and led to the destruction of the Ottoman Empire that results of which reverberate across the Middle East as we approach the second decade of the 21st century.


     


    1917: “Heavy rainfall and cold weather” thwarted the advance of His Majesty forces who were faced with 8,000 entrenched troops and their artillery which led to a decision retire to Beit Ur el Foqa and wait for support from the 1 Squadron of the Australian Flying Corps which would give them an edge as they continued to advance towards Jerusalem.”


    1917: Dr. Anna White Sage is scheduled to deliver an address on “Morals on Social Hygiene in War Time” at today’s “regular meeting of the Baron Hirsch Woman’s Club” at the Sinai Social Center in Chicago.


    1917: The Allied Forces (including Jewish soldiers) under General Allenby were fighting the Turks on the slopes of Nebi Samwil, the traditional site of the Tomb of the Prophet Samuel.



    1917: Dr. Emil G. Hirsch led the Study Class of the Chicago Woman’s aid which met this morning at the Sinai Center in Chicago.



    1917: Nora Funkenstein is scheduled provide a piano selection and Dr. Anna White Sage is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “Morals on Social Hygiene in War Time” at today’s regular meeting of the Baron Hirsch Woman’s Club at the Sinai Social Center in Chicago.



    1918: After the fall of the Czar there was a strong movement in Ukraineto establish an independent political entity. The Jewish parties voted against the severance with Russia leading to direct attacks on the Jews in the form of Pogroms (lasting 2 years). One of the first attacks was in Lvov where 72 Jews were killed and 443 wounded.



    1918: In Dorchester, MA, Solomon and Ray (Brooks) Prokesch gave birth to Dr. Clemens Prokesch, the graduate of Yale, MIT and New York Medical College and husband of Natilie Prokesch who practiced internal medicine after his discharge from the U.S. Air Force.



    http://www.neilanfuneralhome.com/obituary/Clemens-E.-Prokesch/New-London-CT/416809



    1918: During the Polish-Ukrainian War, the Lwów or Lemberg Pogrom began.



    1918:Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland.



    1919: After having commissioned as the first Jewish chaplain in the United States Navy in 1917 with the rank of Lieutenant Junior Grade, Rabbi David Goldberg completed his services at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station today where he had been serving since June of 1918.



    1919: In an interview with the Sultan, Hahambashi assures him that Jews will never forget that when they were persecuted in other countries, Turkey welcomed them and that, if they had reason for complaint in recent years, it was directed rather against the regime which had been disastrous for all elements of the population, than against the Turkish people.



    1920: The annual meeting of Temple Israel of Harlem is scheduled to be held today following by a banquet at the Hotel Astor.



    1921: Dr. Stephen S. Wise is scheduled to deliver a sermon this morning at “What Does the Jew Believe About the Bible” at Carnegie Hall.



    1921: Birthdate of Lev Lipschitz, the Moscow native who made Aliyah in 1924 and gained fame as Israeli political leader and MK Aryeh Eliav.



    1921: In Los Angeles, Mordechai and Elsie Vickman gave birth to Robert “Bob” Vickman, the WW II veteran of the USAAF who disappeared in July, 1948 while flying a mission for Squadron 101, the first fighting unit of the infant Israeli Air Force



    1922: The first official meeting of the Lausanne Conference, which was intended to deal with issues arising out of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire was held today with Lord Curzon serving as its President.



    1923: Birthdate Harry Zohn the native of Vienna who became a professor at Brandeis University.



    1924: In Baltimore Cantor Max Kotlowitz and his wife Debra gave birth to “Robert Kotlowitz, a novelist and editor who reluctantly became a public television executive in 1971 and went on to help shape a lineup of homegrown and imported shows — including “The MacNeil/Lehrer Report,” “Live at the Met,” “Dance in America” and “Brideshead Revisited” — that represent a high-water mark in American television” (As reported by Paul Vitello)



    1924: Today, the Febre Line vessel, SS Canada which is carrying the body of the late Dr. Menachem Mendel Scheinkin set sail for Jaffa which is to be the site for his burial.



    1927: Leo and Bella Adler gave birth to CPA Milton Adler, the husband of Marion Adler.



    1928: “Children to Aid Palestine Fund” published today described the plans of Hadassah to “enlist the services of 125,000 children in” New York City religious schools “in its campaign to raise $15,000 to provide luncheons for school children in Palestine.”



    1929: Birthday of Nahum Admoni the native of Jerusalem who served as Direct of Mossad from 1982 to 1986.



    http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=1091989&ticker=BLZ:LN&previousCapId=430536&previousTitle=EMBLAZE%20LTD



     



    1929: Birthdate of Brooklyn born comedian Stanley Myron Handelman.  By the time he died on August 5, 2007 at the age of 77 Handeleman had enjoyed a successful career as a television and nightclub comedian.



    1930: Birthdate of Melvin “Mel” Seeman “a 6'5" forward and center, who played for three seasons with NYU after which he played one season the old American Basketball Association.



    1931: With Sid Gillman playing End, Ohio State defeated the University of Illinois in the last home game of the season.


    1933: A delegation representing all elements of the Jewish community including members of the Vaad Leumi, representatives of Agudath Israel, leaders of the agricultural community and Israel Rokach, the Vice Mayor of Tel Aviv, met with the High Commissioner, Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope.  They were protesting British immigration policy including plans to deport Jews already living in Palestine as well as the negative impact of that immigration policy on the economic well-being of all those living in Palestine including the Arab populace.


    1933: Henry G. Schackno resigned his seat in the New York State Senate preparatory to filling one of the new Justice of the City Court positions to which he had been elected on November 7.



    1935: U.S. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins, NYC Mayor Fiorello La Guardia and 800 others honored Rebekah Kohut's 50 years of communal work at a special dinner. Chaired by the novelist Fannie Hurst, the dinner assembled a wide array of political, cultural, and philanthropic notables who spoke of Kohut's varied contributions and her efforts to apply scientific principles to charitable work. Kohut was a notable activist in the Jewish and secular communities in the areas of education, social welfare and women's organizational life. She came to the United States from Hungary as a child, growing up in Richmond and San Francisco where her father served as a rabbi. In her early twenties, she married the traditionalist New York rabbi Alexander Kohut, a widower with 8 children, 6 under the age of 13. Rebecca devoted herself chiefly to these children and to her husband's scholarly work until his death in 1894. In succeeding years, Kohut immersed herself in the expanding world of Jewish women's organizational life and in the financial support of her family. She was the first president of the New York Section of the National Council of Jewish Women, gave public lectures on Jewish subjects, and opened a private school in cooperation with her stepchildren. During World War I, she became involved in employment work, which led to her role as an advisor on unemployment to New York governor Franklin D. Roosevelt in the early 1930s. Her efforts to bring relief to devastated European Jewish communities after World War I led to her leading role in convening the World Congress of Jewish Women in Vienna in 1923 and being elected as the organization's first president.



    1935(25th of Cheshvan, 5696): Fifty-one year old “Bernard S. Deutsch, the President of the Board of Alderman,” an NYU trained attorney and president of the American Jewish Congress” who was the husband of “the former Frances Weinstein” with whom he had “two daughters, Elinor and Dorothy Edith,” died unexpectedly this evening.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1935/11/22/101515300.pdf



    https://archives.yale.edu/agents/people/56611



    http://judaism_enc.enacademic.com/5064



     



    1936: It was reported today that Janien Berg, a Polish-Jewish student who had once studied in Rome received money from Mussolini so that he could return to Italy and finish his studies which had been stopped due to anti-Semitic riots in Poland.



    1936: “Three Men on a Horse” the movie version of the Broadway play directed and produced by Mervyn LeRoy and featuring Same Levene in a reprise of his role of “Patsy” was released today in the United States.



    1936: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “What Shall We Do About Our Fears?”



    1936: At Temple Rodeph Sholom, Rabbi Louis I. Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon “The Brothers Ashkenazi.”



    1936: At the Jewish Science Society, Rabbi Morris Lichtenstein is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Wake Up and Live.”



    1937: Henri Caïn, who the libretto for “Le Juif Polonais” (The Polish Jew) passed away today.



    1937: Birthdate of Ingrid Pitt, the daughter of a Polish Jew who survived the Stutthof Concentration Camp to become the first lady of British horror cinema, who starring in sanguinary classics of the 1970s like “The Vampire Lovers,” “Countess Dracula” and “The House That Dripped Blood.” (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    1938: The British House of Commons objects to German persecution of minorities.



    1938: Birthdate of Sydney, Australia, native David John Alfred Clines, the academic biblical scholar who “served as President of the Society for Old Testament Study and the President Society of Biblical Literature” and who was honored two books published in his honor Reading from Right to Left: Essay on the Hebrew Bible and Interested Readers: Essays on the Hebrew Bible with a contribution by Marc Zvi Brettler, the Brandeis trained Bernice and Morton Lerner Professor in Judaic Studies at Duke University who won the National Jewish Book Award in 2004.



    1938(27th of Cheshvan, 5699): Pianist Leopold Godowsky passed away,



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F60914FF3C5F1B7A93C0AB178AD95F4C8385F9



    1938: In the aftermath of Kristallnacht, Time published an article entitled “German: These Individuals!”



    "The civilized world stands revolted by a bloody pogrom against a defenseless people. Every instinct in us cries out in protest against the outrages which have taken place in Germany during the last five years and which sank to new depths in the organized frenzies of the last few days. . . . If you saw a gang of cowardly ruffians set upon a helpless man in a public street and proceed to beat him, you wouldn't long remain silent. If you saw a fanatical mob pillage and burn a church or a synagogue you wouldn't long remain silent. If you saw a brutal band drive helpless families from their own homes, you would speak out, and promptly." Thus last week outspoke New York State's defeated gubernatorial candidate, Republican Thomas E. Dewey, and was joined in vehement indignation by Democratic Senator William H. King of Utah who proposed that the U. S. forthwith break off diplomatic relations with the German Government. Outspoke ex-U. S. President Herbert Clark Hoover: "The blame is squarely up to the political agencies in power [in Germany]. These individuals are taking Germany back 450 years in civilization to Torquemada's expulsion of the Jews from Spain. They are bringing to Germany not alone the condemnation of the public opinion of the world. These men are building their own condemnation by mankind for centuries to come." One, Two, Three. But no active head of State,* and no No. 1 official associates of any head of State chose to speak out last week against "these individuals" who shocked an almost shockproof world with a display of deliberate and unprovoked mass cruelty. "These individuals" are four. Adolf Hitler is the World's No. 1 anti-Semite by temperament and conviction, whose intimate friend Julius Streicher publishes Der Stunner, the grossly fanatical No. 1 anti-Semitic newsorgan of the world. No. 3 Nazi Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels is a part-time virtuoso of antiSemitism, using his Ministry for Propaganda & Public Enlightenment alternately to incite and to calm German anti-Semitic mobs. And No. 2 Nazi Hermann Wilhelm GÖring is a ruthless German activist who signs the most drastic anti-Semitic decrees and has them legally enforced by the courts, the police and the army. "I Am Not A Dog!" The Führer was beside himself last week because a Polish Jew, once a resident of Germany, had put two bullets into Ernst vom Rath, third secretary to the Germany Embassy in Paris. Herr Hitler immediately sent his personal physician, Dr. Brandt, to Paris accompanied by the eminent German specialist, Professor Georg Magnus of the university at Munich. Four blood transfusions failed to save Ernst vom Rath. He died in a coma without being able to understand a message from the Führer promoting him to First Class Embassy Counselor. The assassin, Herschel Grynszpan, meanwhile told his French jailers: "Being a Jew is not a crime. . . . I hoped President Roosevelt would take pity on us refugees. . . . I am not a dog. I didn't mean to kill. I lost my head.""Mobs" and Mobs. Nazi bigwigs have often said off the record that if a Jew should ever assassinate the Fuhrer, "next day not a single member of the Jewish race would be left alive in the Reich." Last week only a handful of Jews were reported killed in the avenging of Ernst vom Rath. But in every part of Germany mobs smashed, looted, burned Jewish property. The purpose was to wreak final ruin on a section of the German population which had already been systematically persecuted to the brink of ruin. Synagogues were everywhere fired or dynamited. Numberless Jews of both sexes were beaten by mobs from the Baltic to the Brenner and from Sudetenland to the North Sea. The complicity of the German Government was proved by the fact that in most cases police made no effort to restrain the so-called "mobs." These consisted mostly of young Germans who drove up in cars. Heavy boots of the sort worn by party members when in uniform gave a good clue to the identity of the window smashers and firebugs. The synthetic "mobs" were in some cases joined by genuine mobs but these were mostly Germans who simply grabbed what they could after Jewish shop fronts had been smashed by the "mobs." Some mobsters tossed Jewish goods out of smashed windows to passersby with guffaws and cries of: "Here are some cheap Christmas presents. Get yours early!" Not all German Aryans countenanced this depravity. Said an Aryan Berlin housewife despondently as she watched Aryan children making off with the contents of a Jewish shop: "So that is how they teach our children to steal!". A few poorly-clad men jogged the elbow of a New York Times Berlin correspondent and whispered: "The German people do not approve of such treatment of the Jews." Bad Neighbor Policy. The harsh, explosive epithets in which the German language is rich, were heaped, together with obscenities, upon Jewish men, women and children in every part of the Reich. They were spat upon, cuffed, nose-jerked, kicked and given black eyes. The atrocities stopped short of rape or firing squads. Some Jews were so affected by the Nazi terror that, notably along the German-Netherlands frontier, they pitifully got down on their knees and crawled some distance, wailing and lamenting, to supplicate Dutch frontier guards to let them in. These guards were adamant in every case, on instructions of Her Majesty's Government, for The Netherlands has good reason to fear Bad Neighbor Germany. Damage & Indemnity. In Germany, insurance companies reported damage claims of more than $5,000,000 from Jewish policy holders in Berlin, more than $4,000,000 in Vienna. The New York Times estimated that total damage to Jewish property in Germany "may possibly reach one billion marks" ($400,000,000). The Times thought that the Jewish community this week, after all depredations, still owned property in Germany worth perhaps four billion marks ($1,600,000,000) and, before Hitler, may have owned 20 billions. But the spoliation did not end with the three-day pogrom. At the Air Ministry in Berlin last week, Air Minister Goring signed, as Economic Chief of the German Four-Year Plan for Self-Sufficiency. decrees providing: 1) that Jews of German citizenship as a community pay to the State a billion marks indemnity for the assassination of Rath; 2) that the State confiscate whatever is payable to Jews by insurance companies for damage done last week; 3) that Jewish owners of damaged premises must repair them at their own cost; 4) that after Jan. 1, 1939 Jews be excluded from "operation of retail shops, mail-order houses and independent exercise of handicrafts. . . . Jewish shops operated in violation of this order will be closed by the police" [and presumably turned over to Aryans]. He planned ultimately to move into ghettos all Jews who can or must tolerate life in Germany. And Jews were also forbidden to go to theatres, concert halls, art galleries, public schools, high schools, universities. In Paris, when the assassin of Rath heard of these decrees, he vowed in anguish: "I will pray every Monday for forgiveness for what I have done to my people." In England meanwhile Lord Rothschild said that nothing short of the execution of the Jews of Germany could be worse than what has now been done. Let Jews Starve? In Frankfort, where the assassin once resided, every male Jew between the ages of 18 and 60 was taken into custody. The same was done in certain other German cities. With many Jewish breadwinners torn from their families, with many of those families hungry, Der An griff, personal organ of Dr. Goebbels, coldly noted: "Noticeably large is the number of Jewish women with many children who ask for relief. . . . Our laws give even a foreigner the right to relief. . . . [Jewish] progeny and their [obscene synonym for "females"] become a burden on German funds." By holding the Jewish community of Germany in a state of general inability to earn a living wage, Nazis obviously hope to force the international Jewish community to remit to Germany huge enough sums in "good money" to keep their Jewish relatives in the Reich from going too hungry or too cold. The dollars, pounds, francs to be secured by thus "shaking down the whole Jewish race" (as some Nazis term it) are wanted to pay for such vital imports as Germany cannot get by barter deals. The Schwarze Korps, influential Nazi newsorgan of Adolf Hitler's personal Elite Guard and the Blackshirt Storm Troops, has openly hinted at the burgeoning of this gangster-blackmail scheme for several years. "Intellectual Originators." Referring to the assassin, Der Angriff libelously insinuated: "It is no coincidence that Grynszpan took the same line followed by Winston Churchill, Anthony Eden, Alfred Duff Cooper and their associates!" Der Angriff went on with a long list of "the intellectual originators of the crime'' which included, strangely enough, certain French Rightists like Henri de Kerillis but not the French Jewish Socialist on whom Nazis usually vent spleen, Leon Blum. Obvious reason: Blum and his Socialists last week had not broken with French Premier Edouard Daladier, one of the Munich "Big Four." In Paris the Jewish aunt and uncle of the assassin were arrested and it was revealed that just prior to the killing of vom Rath they were held under arrest for five days on suspicion of harboring an undesirable alien. Their papers were seized and the French Surete Generale probed to discover who really were the "intellectual originators" of the crime—if any. Meanwhile, French editors were not behind those of Britain and the U. S. in denouncing German pogroms in the strongest possible language and showing they felt even that to be inadequate. It was suggested that Charles Augustus Lindbergh and other Aryans who have recently received high German decorations ought to send them back to the Führer. Funk No. 2? The Great Powers plainly funked when Germany was permitted to dismember Czechoslovakia. On the issue of Jewish persecutions in Germany, Funk No. 2 raised its head this week. Typically funking was a statement issued by the Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of All England: "Would that the rulers of the Reich could realize that such excesses of hatred and malice put upon the friendship which we are ready to offer them an almost intolerable strain!"


    *Britain's Neville Chamberlain did say: "No one in this country would seek to defend the senseless crime of the murder of vom Rath, but at the same time there will be deep and widespread sympathy for those being made to suffer for it."


    1939(9th of Kislev, 5700): Fifty three year old Aaron Lipper, the president of Brooklyn’s Kay Manufacturing which makes steel products for furniture and bedding and “the chairman of the budget and policy committee of the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan passed away today “in Lakewood, NJ where he had gone to recuperate from pneumonia.”



    1940: A cargo of 1,771 stateless Jews mostly from Austria, Slovakia, Bohemia, Hungary and Rumania are loaded aboard the Patria, a French steamer chartered by the British to ship them from Palestine to detainment camps on the British island of Mauritius.



    1941: U.S. premiere of “Shadow of the Thin Man,” the fourth in a series of Thin movies in this case based on a story by Harry Kurnitz who also co-authored the screenplay.



    1943:  Future Nobel Prize winner Dr. Arthur Kornberg married Sylvy Ruth Levy, also a biochemist of note. She worked closely with Kornberg and contributed significantly to the discovery of DNA polymerase.


     


    1943: In a review entitled “A Revolutionist’s Testament” Saul Bellow examines the newly published Arrival and Departure by Arthur Koestler.


    1944(5thof Kislev, 5705): Eighty-four year old Hungarian sportsman Ferenc Kemeny, “a founding member of the International Olympic Committee and Nobel Peace Prize nominee” lost his battle with anti-Semitism and, along with his wife, committed suicide today rather than face the deadly wrath of the Arrow Cross.



    1944: In Chicago, Ruth and Nathan Ramis, who owned the Ace Food & Liquor Mart on the city's far North Side gave birth to Harold Allen Ramis who performed and wrote in several comedies including Animal House and Groundhog Day.


    1945:  Laura and Edward Hawn gave birth to Goldie Hawn, the product of the Washington suburbs who first gained fame on Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In.


    1945: “What Next, Corporal Hargrove?” a WW II comedy written by Harry Kurnitz was released in the United States by MGM.


    1945: John Farrar and Roger Williams Straus, Jr. “began the firm of Farrar Straus & Co.”


    1945: “Saratoga Trunk,” the film version of the Edna Ferber novel by the same name produced by Hal B. Wallis with music by Max Steiner was released in the United States by Warner Bros.


    1945(16th of Kislev, 5706): Twenty-five year Al “Bummy” Davis, who named to Ring Magazine's list of 100 greatest punchers of all time” was gunned down today when he tried to thwart a robbery at Dudy’s Bar in Brownsville..


    1946: Plans for the upcoming installation of Joseph Smith to serve as the new Rabbi of Temple B’nai Israel in Burlington, NJ were published today.


    1947: “Against Palestine Partition” a letter from several prominent Americans published today provides a panoply of reasons of why the United States should oppose the creation of a Jewish state including the fact that four –fifths of the proven oil reserves are in Arab hands and the fact that there are 40 million people inhabiting the Arab League States. The letter writers “all have intimate Jewish friends” but warn that any outbreak of violence in the Middle East that hampers American business interests will lead to a wave of anti-Semitism in the United States.


    1947: U.S. Premiere of “The Lost Moment” directed by Martin Gabel


    1948:The Sunday morning religious program "Lamp Unto My Feet" first aired over CBS television. It became one of TV's longest-running network shows, and aired through January 1979.


    1948: Israeli soldiers jam the biblical city of Beersheba to hear piano concertos played by Leonard Bernstein.


    1948: Israeli premier David Ben-Gurion praises King Abdullah of Transjordan and says he will meet with Abdullah and other Arab leaders anytime they wish.


    1948: It was announced in Tel Aviv today that “the picking of citrus fruit will begin throughout Israel this week, with the prospect of a crop almost equaling last season's in Jewish-owned groves but altogether of a little more than one-third of the pre-war production in Palestine.”


    1949: The United Nations voted to give Libya its independence within 14 months triggering a mass exodus of Jews who were so fearful of their future in the Moslem state that they left even though it meant giving up most of their property and wealth.  Over 30,000 of these Jews found refuge in the state of Israel.


    1954: In Baltimore, “Elizabeth D. (née Davidson) and attorney Donald N. Rothman gave birth to


     Thomas Edgar “Tom” Rothman, the Brown University Alum and Columbia Law School grad who went from teaching English and coaching soccer” to serving as “the chairman of Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group.


    1955: It was reported today that a two-day conference under the auspices of the American Tenchnion Society, the financial arm Technion, which was being held at the Statler Hotel in Washington, D.C. has come to an end.


    https://www.nytimes.com/1973/12/23/archives/carey-drucker-wed-to-george-zuckerman.html


    1958: U.S. premiere of “The Tunnel of Love” produced by Martin Melcher and Joseph Fields, with a script by Joseph Fields, the son of Lew Fields.


    1959(20th of Cheshvan, 5720):  Max Baer passed away.  Baer was heavyweight boxing champion in 1934.  He was 49 at the time of his death.


    1959:  Jack Benny, on the violin, played a duet with pianist Richard Nixon, then Vice President of the United States.


    1961: Alexander Bittelman was called before the House Un-American Activities Committee to provide testimony about his former organization today but he refused to testify, citing his rights under the 1st and 5th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.


    1961: New Square, the first Chassidic town in the U.S., elected its mayor. 


    1962: U.S. premiere of “Two For The Seesaw” produced by Walter Mirsch, with music by Andre Previn which saw the movie debut of Harold Gould.


    1962: Birthdate of Abraham Kwastler who gained fame as broadcaster Avri Gilad who has been listed “among the top-ten TV earners.”


    1962: Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion attends the founding ceremony for the city of Arad.


    1965: The port of Ashdod port opened for business when a freighter docked at the port for the first time.


    1965: The Central Council of the Sephardic Jewish Brotherhood of America created a Golden Jubilee Committee to celebrate the Brotherhood's fiftieth anniversary. At the time there were over 2,500 members of the Brotherhood.


    1965: Birthdate of Memphis, TN filmmaker Ira Sachs whose movies include the “semi-autobiographical Keep the Lights On” which premiered at Sundance in 2012.


    1967: “The eponymous album of The Hassles,” a rock group that included Billy Joel “was released today.”


    1969: Wayne Morse (one of only two Senators to vote against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution) is scheduled to speak today at the funeral of Jewish labor lawyer Lee Pressman which will be attended by “his widow, the former Sophia Platnik, three daughters – Susan, Marcia and Dr. Ann Pressman – a his brother Irving.


    1970(22ndof Cheshvan, 5731): Anzia Yezierska, “a female sweatshop worker from a Polish shtetl” who became a “renowned author” passed away today.




    1970: Birthdate of Israeli actress and comedienne Alma Zack.


    1972: “Black Gunn” a “blaxploitation” movie co-starring Martin Landau was released in the United States today.


    1973: The Agranat Commission, a national committee charged with investigating the failures of the IDF prior to the Yom Kippur War, was established today.


    1973(26thof Cheshvan, 5734): Seventy-four year old George M Feigin the all-star City College athlete and graduate of Fordham University Law School who served in WW I and founded Camp Chicopee for boys in Pennsylvania passed away today


    1976: In New York, premiere of “Rocky” the boxing film produced by Irwin Winkler and Robert Chartoff.


    1976: Three days after he had passed away, the funeral was held for sixty-six year old “Louis G. Cowan the former President of CBS was following which he was buried “in a family plot on Martha’s Vineyard.”


    1977:  Off-Broadway premiere of “Uncommon Women and Others” the first play written by Wendy Wasserstein.


    1980: “The Apple” a musical comedy that “makes use of Biblical allegory including the tale of Adam and Eve” directed and written by Menahem Golan who co-produced along with Yoram Golbus and was filmed by David Gurfinkel was released in the United States today.


    1982: Rabbi Arnold Resnicoff delivered the closing prayer at the official dedication of “The Wall,” the Vietnam memorial in Washington, DC


    1984: “Operation Moses,” a two month long “covert evacuation of Ethiopian Jews from Sudan began today.


    1985: Jonathan Pollard and his wife were arrested and charged with spying for Israel. Pollard, who had worked for Naval Intelligence, had passed on information to Israel regarding Arab capabilities. Pollard was caught as he was trying to enter the Israeli Embassy in Washington. The Pollard affair caused great embarrassment to Israel both from the American perspective and also due to Israel's refusal to support him once he was caught. He was given a life sentence, and despite numerous requests from Israel for clemency he is still in prison.


    1988(12thof Kislev, 5749): Eighty-one year old Esther Gottlieb, “the founder and president of the Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation” which provided aid for “older artists in need” passed away today.



    1988: Michael Dekel completed serving his term as Deputy Minister of Defense.


    1988: Weizman Shiry completed serving his term as Deputy Minister of Defense.


    1989: Morton Isaac Abramowitz was appointed “Career Ambassador.”


    1990: Michael Milken was sentenced to 10 years for security law violations


    1991: William Caldwell Harrop was named U.S. Ambassador to Israel.


    1991(14thof Kislev, 5752):Seventy-nine award winning director Daniel Mann whose works ranged from comedies like “The Teahouse of the August Moon” to weighty dramas like “ The Last Angry Man.”



    1991(14th of Kislev, 5752):  David "Sonny" Werblin passed away.  For most Americans, Werblin is best remembered for his purchase of the New York Jets in 1963.  Werblin then used his fortune to draft the AFL’s first super-star, Joe Namath.  Namath would lead Werblin’s Jets to victory in Super Bowl III, an event that would change the face of professional football.



    1996: Publication of the Impressionist Print in which Michel Melot describes Alphonse Hirsch as “an artist but mainly a hanger-on” to Edgar Degas” who “was one of several prominent artists who depicted Hirsch in his work.”


    1997: Speaking “at a ceremony at which he recalled the push for peace made  by” the late Yitzhak Rabin President Clinton “warned the Israelis and Palestinians today that they were running short of time” to reach come to an agreement.


    1997: The movie version “Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil” featuring Michael Ronsebaum as “George Tucker” was released in the United States today.


    1998(2ndof Kislev): Eighty-eight year old Nosson Meir Wachtfogel, the Lakewood Mashgiach, passed away.


    1999: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Yosl Rakover Talks To Godby Zvi Kolitz; translated by Carol Brown, Village of a Million Spirits: A Novel of the Treblinka Uprisingby Ian MacMillan and In The Family Way: An Urban Comedyby Lynne Sharon Schwartz.


    2000: Itamar Yefet, 18, of Netzer Hazani died from a gunshot wound to the head by Palestinian sniper fire at the Gush Katif junction


    2000: Professor Peter Pulzer of Oxford, “the Chairman of the Leo Baeck Institute of London and a prominent international historian specializing in the history of German Jewry gave the first inaugural Simon Dubnow Lecture” today.


    2002(16th of Kislev, 5763): 2002 - Eleven people were killed and some 50 wounded by a suicide bomber on a No. 20 Egged bus on Mexico Street in the Kiryat Menahem neighborhood of Jerusalem. The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack. The victims: Hodaya Asraf, 13, of Jerusalem; Marina Bazarski, 46, of Jerusalem; Hadassah (Yelena) Ben-David, 32, of Jerusalem; Sima Novak, 56, of Jerusalem; Kira Perlman, 67, and her grandson Ilan Perlman, 8, of Jerusalem; Yafit Ravivo, 14 of Jerusalem; Ella Sharshevsky, 44, and her son Michael Sharshevsky, 16, of Jerusalem; Mircea Varga, 25, a tourist from Romania; Dikla Zino, 22, of Jerusalem.


    2004: In an article entitled “At Holocaust Museum, Turning a Number Into A Name,” the New York Times reports on plans for Yad Vashem to make its lists of Jewish victims of the Holocaust, along with biographical information available on line.


    2004: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest including Breath: Poemsby Philip Levine


    2005: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon asked President Moshe Katsav to dissolve the Knesset, just hours after he sent shockwaves across the political system with his decision to quit the Likud and form a new centrist party. Sharon formally announced that he had left the Likud and had formed a new party called National Responsibility.


    2005: Shaul Mofaz rejected Sharon's invitation to join his new party, Kadima, and instead announced his candidacy for the leadership of Likud.


    2006: Southern California coastal authorities have decided to allow a beachfront eruv - a boundary that makes it possible for observant Jews to carry objects on Shabbat - to be built in the state for the first time. The eruv will surround sections of Santa Monica, Los Angeles and Marina del Rey.


    2007: The planned chopping down of the chestnut tree that comforted Anne Frank as she hid from the Nazis did not take place thanks to a court order issued on November 20,2007 ordering city officials to into ways to save the 150 year old tree.


    2007: “Yiddish Theatre: A Love Story” opens at the Two Boots Pioneer theater in Manhattan.This new documentary film is about Zypora Spaisman the amazing woman who has kept the oldest running Yiddish Theater in America alive. Zypora Spaisman is a Holocaust survivor who conquers all hearts in her passion for art, life and Yiddish.


    2008: President Shimon Peres returns to Israel after a three-day state visit to Great Britain where he met withdignitaries, visited Parliament, delivered a lecture at Balliol College, Oxford University's oldest college, and met with Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles and the Prime Minister.


    2008:In Manhattan, the 92nd Street Y presents “An Exploration of the Seven Deadly,” during which Aviad Kleinberg, one of the most prominent intellectuals in Israel examines the seven deadly sins with his trademark insight and deadpan humor.


    2008: Dozens of synagogues and mosques across the United States and Canada are to take part in a first-of-its-kind three-day joint public relations campaign against anti-Semitism and anti-Muslim xenophobia beginning today.


    2009: In the face of far-left, Arab and Muslim opposition, the New York Mets organization has decided to honor its commitment to rent its Caesar's Club for a fundraiser benefiting the Jewish community of Hebron that is schedule to be held tonight


    2009: At the 92nd St Y in Manhattan Alan Dershowitz, the self-described “top defender of Israel in the court of public opinion,” and Jeremy Ben-Ami, the founder and director of J Street, debate issues surrounding America’s policy in the Middle East with special emphasis on matters surrounding Israel and its relationship with the United States.


    2009: Cedar Rapids Opera Theatre, in collaboration with the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library, gives two performances of the children’s opera, Brundibar, sponsored by the Joan & David Thaler Holocaust Remembrance Fund, Bradley & Riley, P.C and Dr. Ronald and Sue Reider, two pillars of the Cedar Rapids Jewish Community.


    2010: Michael Makovsky is scheduled to delve into Winston Churchill's complex relationship with Zionism, his impact on the creation of the State of Israel and the modern Middle East that emerged from the two world wars of the 20th century during a program entitled Winston Churchill, Zionism & the Modern Middle East at the 92nd Street Y in New York City.


    2010: Avrom Bendavid-Val, author of The Heavens are Empty: Discovering the Lost Town of Trochenbrod  is scheduled to deliver a lecture based on his writings at the Historic 6th& I Synagogue in Washington, DC.


    2010: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Foreign Bodies by Cynthia Ozick and Saul Bellow: Letters edited by Benjamin Taylor.


    2010: The Los Angeles Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Dangerous Otto Katz: The Many Lives of a Soviet Spy by Jonathan Miles. “The son of a prosperous Czechoslovakian manufacturer, Katz, who was Jewish, was drawn to the theatrical (and cabaret) life of Berlin, where he aspired to playwriting. What politicized him was the rise of Nazism in the 1920s, in particular its vicious anti-Semitism. He gravitated toward the Soviet Union, which seemed to him — not incorrectly at the time — the only nation mounting any sort of effective opposition to Hitler. In his accurate view, all the other major European states were, albeit somewhat more politely, anti-Semitic as well.”


    2010: Outgoing head of Military Intelligence Maj.-Gen. Amos Yadlin issued a warning at his final cabinet meeting today, saying that Israel should not be lulled into complacency by the relative quiet that the country has recently enjoyed. Yadlin said that Israel's enemies, with Iran under the leadership of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad being chief among them, are "getting more powerful and better arming themselves."


    2010: Debbie Rosenbloom, the wife of David Levin, became a savta (grandmother) today when her daughter-in-law gave birth to a daughter.


    2011: “Latkes & Grits” by Murray Wolfe is scheduled to open at the Missing Piece Theatre in Burbank, California.


    2011: In California, Helen Duffy and Marcie Lynn Ross starred in “a wonderful reading of Murray Wolfe’s funny future in-law comedy ‘Latkes and Grits.’”


    2011: David Mitchell became the Rabbi at West London Synagogue.


    2011: The 8th Jewish Eye Festival, the World Jewish Film Festival held annually at Ashkelon is scheduled to come to an end.


    2011: Israel and Arab states plan to attend talks at a forum opening today sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Agency aimed at freeing the world from nuclear weapons.


    2011:Israel has gradually boosted naval patrols around its east Mediterranean natural gas fields for fear of guerrilla attacks and as maritime rivalry with Turkey deepens, an Israeli official said today.


    2011:A Jordanian delegation visiting the West Bank today called on Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to renew peace talks with Israel.


    2012: The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to sponsor a screening of 'Nuremberg: Its Lesson for Today'


    2012: As the eighth day of Pillars of Defense begins, Israelis mourn the loss of eighteen year old Corporal Yosef Partuk and an Arab-Israeli civilian identified as Alayaan Salem al-Nabari who had been killed yesterday morning during a mortar attack


    2012: In a case of Jew follows Jew, Lionel Perez was elected borough mayor of Côte-des-Neiges-Notre-Dame-de-Grace by acclamation, replacing Michael Applebaum after the latter was selected as the new Mayor of Montreal.


    2012(7th of Kislev, 5773: Eighty-one year old “Mr. Food” who was in reality Art Ginsburg passed away today.



    2012(7th of Kislev, 5773): Eighty-nine year old film editor Dann Cahn passed away,



    2012: Ninety year old Valdka Mead, a leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in which she served as a courier and arms smuggler, passed away today.




    2012:An explosion ripped through a bus in central Tel Aviv around noon on Wednesday — the first bombing attack in the city since 2006.Twenty-one people were injured in the bombing, three of them seriously. No one was killed. 


    2012: The UN Security Council called on Israel and Hamas to uphold a ceasefire agreement today and commended the efforts of Egypt's Islamist President Mohamed Morsi and others for brokering the deal.


    2013: The Center for Jewish Culture is scheduled to sponsor a screening of “Marvin Hamlisch: One Singular Sensatio.”


    2013: Whole Foods in Friendship Heights is scheduled to host “8 Days of Oil” which will include a free olive tasting…and take-home booklets for celebrating” Chanukah.


    2013: The Valley Chapter of the of Los Angeles Yiddish Club is scheduled to host an evening of Yiddish Song with Cindy Paley


    2013: The 7th annual Other Israel Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end.


    2013: Tonight, Twentieth Century Fox renamed its historic Fox Music Building in honor of film and television composer Lionel Newman, whose career with Fox spanned nearly half a century and included more than 200 films, 11 of which earned him Academy Award nominations, including “There’s No Business Like Show Business” and “Doctor Dolittle,” and 1 of which – the score for “Hello Dolly” – won him an Oscar,


    2013(18thof Kislev, 5774): Fifty-one year old Michael Weiner, the executive director of the Major League Baseball Player Association passed away today. (As reported by Richard Goldstein)



    2013: The Iranian government is reminiscent of “dark regimes of the past” that tried to wipe out the Jews and then conquer the world, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said today in Moscow, vowing to deny Iran nuclear weapons


    2013: German authorities released more pictures and details today of the massive trove of art that was discovered in a Munich apartment last year.


    2014: In Melbourne, “Anywhere Else” and “Young Perez” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014(28th of Cheshvan, 5775): Eighty-two year old Pulitzer Prize winning columnist and former foreign correspondent Richard Eder passed away today.



    2014: “A new production of Stephen Sondheim’s ‘Assassins’ opened today at the Menier Chocolate Factory in London.”


    2014: In the UK, the Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to host a seminar that “will help students acquire skills to locate archival material on subjects including: the Holocaust, twentieth-century German history and European Jewish culture.”


    2014: “This Is Where I Leave You” is scheduled to be shown at the 18th UK Jewish Film Festival.


    2014: Hundreds rioted throughout West Bank after Friday prayers


    2014:Two Jewish seminary students were attacked and wounded in East Jerusalem this evening. The two were reportedly hit with stones, metal rods and nails near the Beit Orot seminary in Jerusalem's Mount of Olives, days after Palestinian terrorists opened fire in a Jerusalem synagogue and killed four rabbis and a Druze policeman. (As reported by Noam (Dabul) Dvir)


    2014: “My Old Lady” a marvelous comedy set in Paris written and directed by Israel Horovit and co-produced by Rachel Horotvitz was released in the UK today.


    2014: “French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve expressed his support for the Jewish community.” “Every time you feel the violence exercised against you, when you are afraid for your children, when you are worried about this rising violence, remind yourselves that the republic protects you and an interior minister who loves you and who is your friend,” Cazeneuve said at an event sponsored by Station J, a Jewish radio channel. (As reported by Stephanie Butnick)


    2015: In Fairfax, VA, Congregation Olam Tikvah Men’s Club is scheduled to host Indian-Jewish Night with complete with a Kosher Indian Dinner.


    2015: “The Law” and “To Life” are scheduled to be shown in Melbourne at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2015: “Saturday’s Profile” published today under the headline “WW II Hero Credits Luck and Chance in Foiling Hitler’s Nuclear Ambitions” described actions by Joachim Ronnenberg, who is now 96, and his team that “destroyed the Nazi’s only source of heavy water” thereby helping to thwart Hitler’s plan to build an Atomic bomb.



    2015:Jonathan Pollard, who has been imprisoned for 30 years for spying for Israel is scheduled to be released today.


    2015: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host a concert by the piano duo of Tami Kanazaw and Yuval Admoni.


    2015(9th of Kislev, 5776): Parsha Vayetze


    2016(20th of Cheshvan, 5777): Ninety-four year old British hairstylist and Holocaust survivor Rose Evansky passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)



    2016: “A year-long celebration” of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies in Montreal is scheduled to begin today “with the closing of the 2016 CJA campaign.


    2016: “Fever at Dawn” and “One Week and A Day” are scheduled to be shown in Sydney, Australia as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2016: Koch Industries and others who invested in the Madoff fund from offshore accounts won a key ruling in federal bankruptcy court today, when the judge said certain funds held abroad — estimated at about $2 billion — could not be made available to victims” of Bernard L. Madoff’s Ponzi scheme.


    2016: Following “the closing of the 2016 CJA campaign” “a year-long celebration of the founding of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies in 1916? Is scheduled to get underway today in Canada.


    2017: Yitzhak Lewis is scheduled to present the first lecture in the series “Introduction to Gerhsom Schloem” at the Center for Jewish History.


    2017: “Remember Baghdad” and “The Boy Downstairs” are scheduled to be shown at the 21stUK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: Dr. Naomi Weinberger is scheduled to continue her lectures on “American Priorities in the Middle East at the Streicker Center.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as the award winning Simon Schama who works included secular works on the British, Dutch and French including Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution as well as the Jewish including The Story of the Jews: Volume I and II continues today.


    2018:  A rare sword, which was given as a present by SS commander Heinrich Himmler to the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Haj Muhammad Amin al-Husseini during his visit to Nazi Germany in March 1943,” is scheduled to continue to be offered for sale for a second day on a British website—The Saleroom— by the German auction house Hermann Historica, which specializes in selling historical items.” (As reported by Itamar Eichner)



    2018: Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to host a performance of “Lunar Legends: Chelm and the Moon,” a play in which “the people of Chelm try to overcome darkness by chasing after the light of the moon.”


    2018: As part of the UK Jewish Film Festival, “Itzhak” starring Itzhak Perlman and Bill Joel, is scheduled to be shown at the Glasgow Film Theatre in Glasgow and “The Accountant of Auschwitz” in Manchester.


    2018: As part of the “Home: Lens on Israel” series, the Temple Emanuel Streicker Center the photographic exhibition “Moroccan Jews Outside Haifa” is scheduled to come an end today.


     


     


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    November 22


    1220: Frederick II, who would become the protector of the Jews in Frankfurt in 1236, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor today by Honorius III.



    1280: The 3 year reign of Pope Nicholas III whose bull Vineam sorce encouraged conversion through "sermons and other means" came to an end today. (Jewish Virtual Library)



    1307: Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. The Templars were a group of Christian Knights who took their name from the fact that their first headquarters was located on Jerusalem’s Temple Mount in an area believed to be on the site of the ruins of Solomon’s Temple.



    1348: Riots reached the Germanic lands of Bavaria and Swabia.  Eighty towns, including Augsburg, Munich, and Wurzburg were attacked



    1547:Asolo, Italy was the scene of one of the few pogroms recorded in Italy. Ten Jews in a town of thirty were killed, and their houses robbed with no apparent motives.



    1580: In Poland, the Council of the Four Lands adopted an ordinance that limits the extent of land leasing, known as arenda that is permitted to any individual.  The prevention of competition for arenda was one of the council’s major concerns. 



    1617: Ahmed I, Ottoman Sultan, passed away.  During his reign, Ahmed contracted small pox. The treatments prescribed by his physicians proved ineffectual. The widow of Solomon Eskenazi, who had served as a court physician was called in and she saved the Sultan.



    1688: Birthdate of Nāder Shāh Afshār, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty who reversed the anti-Jewish policies and practices that had been put in place by the Safawid’s dynasty which had ruled during the previous century



    1793: Strasbourg prohibited circumcision and the wearing of beards Further It ordered the burning of all books in Hebrew.  Strasbourg is located on the border between Germany and France.  As such it has changed hands numerous times.



    1795(10th of Kislev, 5556): Vrouwtje Frumet David Lintz-Cohen passed away. Born at Amsterdam in 1737, she was the daughter of David Levie Juda-Moshe Lints-Cohen and Bele Simon Samson Levie-Drukker and the widow of Kalman Isaac Shochet



    1797: In London, Levy Salomons and Matilda de Metz gave birth to Sir David Salomons, 1st Baronet, a leading figure in the 19th century struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom who was the first Jewish Sheriff of the City of London and Lord Mayor of London, and one of the first two Jewish people to serve in the British House of Commons.



    1800 (5th of Kislev): Forty-eight year old philosopher Solomon ben Joshua Maimon passed away



    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0013_0_13043.html



    1805: Birthdate of Mary Anne Keely, the English actress and manager whose portrait was painted by the Anglo-Jewish artist Walter Goodman who also wrote a book about the family entitled The Keeleys, on the stage and at home



    1808: In London Hanna Barent Cohen and Nathan Mayer Rothschild who “had just established the London branch of the banking business of the Rothschilds” to Baron Lionel Nathan Rothschild.



    1809: Solomon Abraham married Sarah Harris today at the Great Synaogue.



    1811(6th of Kislev, 5572): Seventy-three year old Wolf Isak Arnstein, the son of Isak Aron Arnsteiner and Ella Elsa Eleonora Arnsteiner who was the husband of Veronika Fradche Fradel Arnstein and Rifke Arnstein passed away today.



    1811: Birthdate of David Woolf Marks, a leading Reform Rabbi in the UK who was the first Rabbi to serve at The West London Synagogue, the country’s first (and oldest) reform congregation.



    1813: Today, a codicil was attached to the original will of Benjamin D’Israeli, the grandfather of the Earl Beaconsfield, Great Britain’s first Prime Minister to have been born Jewish.



    1819: Joseph Friedländer, a dealer in second-hand clothes renewed his application to be allowed to continue to live and do business in Saxony.



    1819: Birthdate of Joseph Seligman, the native of Bavaria, who founded Seligman Brothers and the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.



    1819: Birthdate of Mary Anne Evans, who, under the pen name of George Elliot wrote Daniel Deronda is a novel by George Eliot, first published in 1876. It was the last novel she completed and the only one set in the contemporary Victorian society of her day. Its mixture of social satire and moral searching, along with a sympathetic rendering of Jewish proto-Zionist and Kaballistic ideas has made it a controversial final statement of one of the greatest of Victorian novelists.



    1826: Birthdate of Italian patriot Enrico Guastalla who fought in the wars that led to the unification of Italy.



    1826: Joseph Joseph married Hannah Cohen at the Great Synagogue today.



    1830: Birthdate of James Picciotto, the son of Aleppo born Anglo-Jewish businessman and community leader Moses Haim Picciotto, who sat on the Council of Jews and wrote Sketches of Anglo-Jewish History published in 1875.



    1833: Two day after she had passed away, 59 year old “Elizabeth (Lazarus) Jacobs, the wife of Elias Jacobs with whom she had had four children, was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.



    1838: Children of Löbl Strakosch and Julia Schwarz gave birth to Ludwig, the 15th of their 16 children.



    1843: Joseph Belasco married Rachel Tolano at the Bevis Marks Synagogue today.



    1843: Samuel Phillips married Rachel Davis today at the Great Synagogue.



    1845: In the UK, Charlotte von Rothschild and Lionel de Rothschild gave birth to their third son Leopold de Rothschild who was also the youngest of their five children.



    1847: Two days after she had passed away, 68 year old Sarah (Levin) Russell, the wife of Moses Russell, with whom she had had nine children was buried today at the Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.



    1848: Jonas Phillips Levy married Frances (Fanny) Mitchell today.  Born in 1807, he was the younger brother of Commodore Uriah Phillips Levy and the son of Michael Levy and Rachel Phillips. This native of Philadelphia, commanded the U.S.S. America during the Mexican-American War.  He continued his career as a merchant and sea captain until his death in New York in 1883.



    1852: The New York Times reported the Baron James Rothschild has just named as a recipient of the Order of the Iron Crown, Second Class. It is ironic that the award which conferred the status of nobility should have been awared at a time when the Jews of Austria are worried about a possible loss of rights.



    1852: An article published today entitled “The Austrian Jews” reported that Jews of Austria are worried that they will lose all of the gains they have made since the revolution and will be forced to return to the repressive status under which they lived prior to 1848.  The author contends that the Jews will continue to enjoy most of their newly won rights including that of acquiring real estate and living where they please.  They will once again be banned from holding any state position that “brings them in contact with the public in a judicial capacity.



    1854: Two hundred people gathered at the Chinese Assembly Rooms tonight to celebrate the 33rd anniversary of the Hebrew Benevolent Society in New York City.



    1857(5th of Kislev, 5618): Forty-three year old Austrian published Wolf Pascheles passed away today.



    http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Pascheles_Wolf



    1858: Denver, Colorado is founded. Jews have been active in Denver from its very beginning.  Fred Z. Salomon and his brother Hyman led the first large pack train into the settlement that would become Denver.  The two were "fifty-niners" who were later joined in Colorado by their brother Adolph. A native of Strelno, Posen, Prussia, Fred worked at various trading centers in New Mexico Territory before leading a supply train from Independence, MO to Auraria, the village across the river from the soon to be created Denver.  Fred devoted his life to business and cultural ventures in the Mile High City.  He started a brewery which the Rocky Mountain News “noted speedily decreased the local consumption of strychnine whiskey and Taos Lightning.”  In 1860, Fred and Hyman started what would become the Denver Water Company.  Fred “helped organize the Auriaria and Denver Chess Club and literary Society, later the Colorado Pioneer Society the Denver Public Library and the Denver B’Nai Brith Lodge.” In a time when rail travel was critical to commercial success, the elder Salomon helped lead the fight to bring the Denver Pacific and Kansas Pacific railroads to Denver.  Fred also found time to serve as territorial treasurer.  Such total identification with his adopted hometown stands in stark contrast with the decision of member of the Denver Club - the name of the “chess and literary society head helped found” to bar Jews starting in 1881. Other Jews connected with Denver in its early days were Otto Mears who arrived in Colorado in 1852, and Sam Flax, who after several false starts, meet success in the restaurant and hotel business. [For more information about Denver Jewry see the website of the Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society and Pioneer Jews by Harriet and Fred Rochlin.]



    1858: The New York Times published a copy of a letter that appeared in this week’s Jewish Messenger addressed to the President of the Hebrew Congregation in the United States and others from Sir Moses Montefiore, the President of the London Committee of Deputies for the Jews. The letter called for the American Jewish community to join its co-religionists in England, Holland France in seeking the support of their government in having the Mortara child returned to his parents and to avoid any such future seizures. It summarized the threat that the seizure Edgardo Mortara posed to Jews and “every other denomination of faith” except the Roman Catholics. Montefiore reiterated that this was not just a matter of religious freedom. The behavior of the Catholic Church placed “in peril, personal liberty, social relations and the peace of families.”



    1858: It was reported today from New York that “our Jewish fellow-citizens will shortly hold a mass meeting in one of our large public halls, to denounce the unjustifiable abduction of Mortara’s child by the Roman inquisition. The Israelitish communities of France, Holland and England have already considered the subject, and a meeting of the Jews of Philadelphia has recently been held to take action in the same matter.


    1860(8th of Kislev, 5621): Sixty-seven year old historian Isaak Marcus Jost passed away today.



    htt1866:p://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8931-jost-isaac-marcus



    1864: Philadelphian Isaac M. Abraham, who had been wounded “near Deep Bottom, VA, and who had risen to the rank of Major in the 85thRegiment completed his three year enlistment today.



    1866: Ernest Abraham an English medical journalist who was the son of a London dentist was appointed as a poorlaw inspector today which provided him with the opportunity to the reform of the treatment of sick poor throughout England” and work for the successful adoption of the Infant Life Protection Act of 1872.



    1870: In Reading, PA, “Raphael Austrian and Fannie Elizabeth Dreifoos” gave birth to “self-taught painter” who “began to paint at the age of nine” and whose works include “Temptations, “After the Race” and “The Intruder.”



    http://www.artnet.com/artists/ben-austrian/



    1870: The Ladies Bikur Cholim Society held their 9th annual ball tonight at the Apollo Hall.  Due to inclement weather, the event was not well attended.



    1875: Vice President Henry Wilson passed away today making Thomas W. Ferry, the President pro tempore of the Senate, next in line if the President of the United States should pass.  Perry, along with President Grant, would attend the services consecrating Adas Israel in Washington, DC in 1876.  This meant that the two top leaders of the United States government attended the consecration of a Jewish house of worship for the first time in the nation’s history.



    1875: Pavel Axelrod and his wife Nadezhda Ivanovna Kaminer, one of his former students gave birth to their first child, Vera, today.


    1877:  Seligman Hirsch, a New York fur dealer was found guilty of receiving stolen goods. He was defended by Albert Jacob Cardozo.  Under the law, Hirsch could have been sentenced to five years in prison but in response to the jury’s recommendation for mercy, the judge sentenced the Jewish



    1878: It was reported today that New York has 375 houses of worship, 25 of which are synagogues of Jewish Temples.



    1878: In Frankfort, multi-millionaire Adolphe Benedict Hayum Goldschmidt, who permanently moved to London in 1895 and Alice Emma Moses Merton daughter of Joseph Benjamin Moses aka Moses Merton gave birth to Franck Adolphe Benedict Goldschmidt who gained famed Francis Benedict Hyam Goldsmith, a British MP and “luxury hotel tycoon.”



    1879: David McAdam is scheduled to deliver a lecture tonight at the Young Men’s Hebrew Union in Clarendon Hall followed by musical and literary entertainment.



    1879: The Young Ladies Charitable Union, an organization made up of 72 Jewish woman chaired by Julia Richman, are scheduled to host a fund raiser at the Opera House on Lexington Avenue in Manhattan.  The entertainment will include nine tableaux representing the nine muses and a children’s pantomime followed by an evening of dancing. The money raised will go to supply New York’s poor with shoes.  Last winter the Union provided over 900 pairs of shoes for the needy.



    1880: It was reported today that there are 3 and a half million people living in Holland, 100,000 of whom are Jews.  A million are Catholics and the rest are Protestants.



    1882: It was reported today that Herr Meyer killed Captain Emerich in a duel fought at Wurzburg.  Meyer had challenged the gentile over a matter of honor.



    1884: Sir Moses Montefiore has had another attack of the bronchial affection just after the celebration of his one hundredth birthday, and is now confined to his bed at his home near Ramsgate.



    1885: The San Francisco Call reported today that the late Senator William Sharon had bequeathed $5,000 to the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of San Francisco.



    1885: It was reported today that the annual Charity Ball sponsored by the Purim Association will be held in February of 1886.



    1885: It was reported today that Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler will officiate at Temple Beth-El’s Thanksgiving Services in New York City.



    1886(24th of Cheshvan, 5647): Samuel Isaac, the brother of Saul Isaac, the first Jew to be elected to the House of Commons as a member of the Conservative Party whose varied business activities included establishing “a large business as an army contractor” and the construction of the Mersey Railway Tunnel, passed away today.



    1886: Birthdate of Los Angeles native Mendel B. Silberberg, the powerful entertainment industry attorney and fund raiser who “was a pallbearer at Louis B. Mayer’s funeral and a delegate to the Republican Presidential Conventions” from 1948 through 1960.



    https://www.jta.org/1965/07/01/archive/mendel-b-silberberg-noted-jewish-leader-dies-in-los-angeles-was-78



    1886: Based on information that first appeared in the London Times, it was reported today that Levy Isaacs, an old German Jewish peddler who dealt in sponges and jewelry died as a result of house fire at his home on Ashburner Street, Bolton.



    1886: Following the recent Massachusetts State Supreme Court decision requiring the enforcement of the state’s Sunday closing laws, it was reported that the police have been making a list of the peddlers who were buying supplies at the Jewish businesses on Salem Street yesterday, Sunday.  Up until now, the police have not enforced the law where Jewish businessmen are concerned because the Jews closed their businesses on Saturday in observance of their Sabbath.



    1888: Rabbi Alexander Kohut will officiate at the funeral services for Simon Lederer who will be interred in Cypress Hills.



    1889: In Denver, Rabbi Joseph Zeisler and Irma Zeisler gave birth to Paul Zeisler.



    1889(28th of Cheshvan, 5650): Seventy-two year old Levi Ali Cohen the Dutch physician and author who was also “a member of the committee on Jewish affairs in Holland” for twenty years.



    1890:Mrs. Philip J. Joachimsen, presented “a report of the past year’s work done by” the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of which she is the President.  During the past year, home run by the society has admitted 153 children, discharged 179 children and is currently caring for 566 children.



    1890: Birthdate of Baltimore native Edwin Posner “who began a 61-year Wall Street career as a $5-a-week runner and rose to the chairmanship of the American Stock Exchange.”



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=9D04E6DA133BE73ABC4E53DFB6678382679EDE



    1891: Birthdate of German born historian Victor Ehrenberg whose illustrious family includes his sons Sir Geoffrey Elton, the British historian and physicist Lewis Elton.



    1892: It was reported today that until the Hungarian parliament passes the bills for the state recognition of the Jewish religion “special regulations to enforce the registration of children of mixed marriages would be made.”



    1893: Birthdate of Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich one of the original Bolshevik’s who survived all of the purges and would actually live longer than the Soviet Union existed.



    1894: In Richmond, today, for the second Thanksgiving in a row, Christians and Jews prayed together at Beth Ahabah as Dr. Moses D. Hoge of the Second Presbyterian Church shared the pulpit with Rabbi Calisch and Rabbi Koplowitz “of Keneseth Israel Congregation offered a prayer.”



    1894: Dr. Kerr of the First Presbyterian Church delivered the sermon and assisted in the conduct of religious services at Beth Ahabah Synagogue, in what was the first time that Jews and Christians worshipped together in the Virginia City.



    1895: Samuel Greenbaum, a prominent New York lawyer was reported to have expressed the view that the Jews of New York would “take no notice” of the Dr. Hermann Ahlward the German anti-Semite who is scheduled to deliver a series of lectures in the United States. Echoing the sentiment of most other Jews, Greenbaum said  “the Jewish people do not have anything to fear from…this disciple of German anti-Semitism” because “the American people are not like to be influenced by the wild and unfounded accusations which in the stock in trade of anti-Semites.”



    1896: Michaelis Machol, the Rabbi of the Sparrow Avenue Temple, plans on delivering a talk today expressing his opposition to the Thanksgiving message issued by President Cleveland that invokes the image of Jesus “as a mediator between man and God.” This would not be his last entrance into the Separation of Church and State fray. In 1901, Machol joined other rabbis and lay leaders in “protesting the decision of the board of the Cleveland Public Schools to begin each school day with the Lord's Prayer, the Ten Commandments, and the 23rd Psalm.”



    1896: “President Cleveland Criticized” published today provided expression of rabbinic displeasure over Grover Cleveland’s Christologically laced Thanksgiving proclamation including Cincinnati Rabbi David Phillipson’s state that the Jews “feel excluded from the invitation to observe the day.”  (Full disclosure – some of his indignation might have been politically motivated since Phillipson was a Republican and Cleveland was a Democrat.)



    1896: The Hebrew Institute will be the site of the Harmony Musical Society’s concert this evening.



    1896:”Dr. Emil G. Hirsch, the rabbi at Temple Sinai, “predicts the downfall of the Jewish Sabbath. He declares that the seventh day tradition of the race is doomed, wiped from the Hebraic calendar swallowed up in the necessity of adapting the religion to the customs of the countries in it may be transplanted. (Just as the Jew has kept the Sabbath, so has the Sabbath kept the Jew – from the Saturday morning service.)



    1897: In a speech delivered today, Reverend Samuel Frender, a convert to Christianity told a meeting of Methodist clergyman that “the average Jew believed that Christians had a prejudice against them.”



    1897: Charles Schapiro…the young Russian Jew who shot and killed Louis Lieberman at a wedding at 123 Henry Street” and tried to kill his sweetheart Yetta Gordon was arraigned in the Essex Market Court” today.



    1897: In London, the House Committee of the Jews’ Hospital and Orphan Asylum is scheduled to meet this afternoon.



    1897: Four days after she had passed away, 41 year old Sarah Franks, the wife of Abraham Franks was buried today at the Plashet Jewish Cemetery.



    1897: In London, the Board of Management of the Home and Hospital for Jewish Incurables is scheduled to meet this evening



    1897: In a move that might surprise some advocates of the separation of church and state, a summary of Rabbi Gustave Gottheil published included his expression of displeasure over Tammany Hall’s victory “in the recent election” saying that “he had wished the election had gone the other way.”



    1899: In Paris, the Senate sitting as a High Court for the trial of the conspiracy, which has already heard testimony from the President of the League of Anti-Semitic that the demonstrations he arranged were anti-Dreyfus protests and not a plot to overthrow the Republic, resumed its deliberations today. The Senate was investigating charges of treason that included many leaders of the anti-Semitic movement in France who were also anti-democratic rightists.



    1902:  Birthdate of Emanuel Feuermann.  Born in Galicia, this world class cellist found fame playing with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.  He died unexpectedly in 1942 as the result of an infection contracted during a minor surgical procedure.



    1903: “The Sons and Daughters of Zion of Sioux City, IA held a grand ball and mass meeting” today “in honor of the grand master of the Order of the Knights of Zion, Mr. Leon Zolotkoff of Chicago who spoke for two hours.”



    1903: Sigismund Kalischer and Helen Teresa Kalischer gave birth to Iowa State University trained refrigeration engineer and Westinghouse employee Milton Kalischer whose place of birth has been given as either Denver, CO or Huntington, Massachusetts.



    1905: In Russia, it was a reported today that a cabinet minister explained the attacks on the Jews by saying that “the prejudice against the Jews among the ignorant lower classes of Russia is not imaginary.  It is deplorable but true that the people under the old regime were saturated with the idea that the Jews were their oppressors.  If the Jews were to receive equal rights with Russians, the latter would accept it as confirmation of the suspicions they already harbor on account of recent developments that the Emperor has been betrayed and nothing the Central Government could do would prevent the most frightful massacres.”



    1905: Three days after he had passed away, 67 year old Levi Cohen, the husband of the former “Bloom Woolf” with whom he had had four children was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.



    1905: It was reported today that Prince Ursoff, the new Assistant Minister of the Interior said “that the Jews were to a certain extent to blame” for the anti-Semitic violence “on account of their too open exultation over their new-found liberties.”



    1905: Dr. J.L. Magnes, the President of the Jewish Defense Association and Treasurer Joseph Barondess have issued another appeal for funds which agents of the Bund and the Zionists will use to purchase arms and ammunition to be used by the Jews of Russia to defend themselves from the attacks of mobs from which the government has failed to protect them.



    1905: Edward A. Lauterbach presided over a mass meeting tonight at Temple Israel sponsored by “a committee of university men” seeking to provide aid for the Russian Jews.



    1905: Max Stern who lives at 286 Hunterdon Street in Newark, NJ, received a letter today from Benjamin Rappaport of Nicolaiev, Russia describing the recent riots that took place in that city where the “mob broke open the doors of the stores, smashed the windows and scattered the good” while taking “babies and children” and throwing “them as high in the air as they could and letting them come down on the paving stones to be crushed to death.”



    1905: Hundreds of Russian Jewish families are reported leaving or preparing to leave for Palestine.



    1908: In Bessarabia, “pharmacist David Ackerman and Bertha (Greenberg) Ackerman Columbia trained psychiatrist Nathan Ward Ackerman, who served as the “chief psychiatrist at the Menninger Clinic” as well as serving in the capacity for “the Jewish Board of Guardians in New York City”



    http://psychology.jrank.org/pages/7/Nathan-Ward-Ackerman.html



    https://www.amazon.com/Nathan-Ward-Ackerman/e/B001K8FF8I



    1909: Birthdate of Mikhail Leontyevich Mil a founder of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, which is responsible for many of the well-known Russian helicopter models, notably the Mil Mi-24 'Hind'. He passed away in 1970.



    1909(9th of Kislev, 5670): Six year old Itzig Rabinowitz passed away today.



    1909: Speaking in Yiddish, twenty-three-year-old Clara Lemlich addressed a crowd of thousands of restless laborers at New York City's Cooper Union. “I am one of those who suffer from the abuses described here, and I move that we go on a general strike.”  The audience of workers had been listening for hours as numerous labor leaders decried current working conditions in New York's garment industry but who nonetheless advocated caution when considering a strike. Lemlich's words and passion stirred the crowd. The chairman of the event came to her side and called out “Will you take the old Hebrew oath?” Although not an exclusively Jewish gathering, most in the crowd raised their right arms and pledged with him in Yiddish: “if I turn traitor to the cause I now pledge, may my hand wither from the arm I now raise.” And so began the “Uprising of the 20,000,” a critical turning point in American labor activism. In the months that followed, thousands of garment workers, mainly young Jewish and Italian women walked picket lines and confronted police brutality. The Jewish women, including Lemlich, Rose Schneiderman, and Pauline Newman, who worked tirelessly to organize and sustain the strike effort, insisted that their concerns extended beyond wages and hours. They fought for dignity in working conditions and for women's right to union recognition. While the strike was only partially successful, it set off a wave of general strikes from 1909-1915 in cities across the United States. As a result, U.S. labor leaders who had long dismissed the needs of women workers and ignored the work of female activists had to accept the centrality of women's needs within the American labor movement.



    1910: Birthdate of Ervin György Patai, who as Raphael Patai would gain fame as an ethnographer and anthropologist.



    1912(12th of Kislev, 5673): Civil War veteran Alfred Pels passed away today in Cincinnati, Ohio.



    1912(12th of Kislev, 5673): Eighty-nine year old merchant Zachary Bruenn passed away today in New Orleans, LA.



    1912(12th of Kislev, 5673): Civil War veteran Morris Pfaelzer passed away today in Cincinnati, Ohio.



    1913(22nd of Cheshvan, 5674): Parashat Chayei Sara



    1913(22nd of Cheshvan, 5674: Eighteen year old Moshe Barsky, “a member of Degania Alef, the kibbutz founded in 1909” who had ridden off on a mule to get medication for Shmuel Dayan, the father of Moshe Dayan was killed today by “persons unknown” who left his body “lying with a stick and a pair of shoes on his head.”



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Killing_of_Moshe_Barsky#/media/File:Moshe_Barsky_memorial_in_Kibbutz_Degania.JPG



    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13537120500535373?journalCode=fisa20



    1913: “Our Financial Oligarchy” by Louis Brandies which would become the first chapter in Other People's Money And How the Bankers Use It was published today in Harper’s Weekly.



    1914: A review of Zionism by Professor Richard H. Gottheil was published today.



    1914: :Stamp Tax for Jewish Relief” published today described positive response to “the one self-taxation stamp issued by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews” that has included the formation by the Young Men’s Hebrew Associations of “Enlistment Clubs” where each members has pledged to contribute 10 cents a week.



    1914: According to an announcement made tonight by the American Jewish Committee “the Turkish Government has assured the State Department…that is will not expel Russian Jews residing in the Ottoman Empire. (The important impact of this was on the Jews of Palestine, a large number of whom had come from Russia starting in the 1880’s and were viewed as potential enemies by the Turks who were fighting the Czar)



    1914: For the second time in two weeks, Al McCoy the New Jersey born Jewish Middleweight World Champion successfully defended his crown.



    1914: As the First Battle of Ypres sputtered to a close on the Western Front, Jews in the BEF and the Kaiser’s Army settled in for what would be the first of several long winters on the Western Front that would not end until November, 1918,



    1914: “At a conference of the lodges affiliated with the Workmen’s Circle and other Rumanian organizations representing 5,000 members” held today, “it was decided to protest against the loan that a delegation from Rumania will be requesting from the United States.



    1915: A memorial service will be held this morning and this evening in honor of Dr. Solomon Schechter.



    1915: Maurice Blumenthal, the general counsel of the Independent Order Free Sons of Israel was reported to have said that his organization would lead a nationwide non-sectarian campaign against the Gary Plan saying that “the separation of religion from American institutions is regarded as one of the safeguards of American progress” and that “the church and the home must remain the place for religious instruction and activity” while “the public schoolroom must be the last place in which discussions on religious distinctions shall be made possible or tolerated.



    1915: In Germany Dr. Israel Abraham Rabin and Dr. Ester Else Rabin gave birth to Professor Chaim Menachem Rabin



    https://memim.com/chaim-menachem-rabin.html



    1915: “Jews Oppose Gary Plan” published today described the Sons of Israel’s plans for a national campaign to bring an end to the education program fostered by William Wirt.



    1915: “The seventh annual meeting of the Sisterhood of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue was held” this evening “in the basement of the Synagogue of Shearith Israel at 2 West Seventieth Street.



    1915: “A movement to raise millions of dollars for the relief of Jewish war sufferers in Europe was inaugurated” tonight “at a meeting of Jewish business and professional men in the Hotel McAlpin attended by among others, Jacob H. Schiff, Congressman Meyer London, Herman Bernstein and Colonel Harry Cutler of Provident presided over by Dr. J.L. Manges.



    1916: In New York plans were reported for memorial services to be held this Saturday in numerous synagogues on the east side to mark the passing of Emperor Franz Josef.



    1917(7th of Kislev, 5678): Seventy-seven year old chief rabbi and Chevalier of the Legion of Honor Joseph Lehmann passed away today in Paris.



    1917: As Allenby’s forces, including the 38th and 39thBattalions known as the Jewish battalions, made their way towards Jerusalem, Turkish forces made three fruitless counter-attacks in an attempt to dislodge the British from Nebi Samwil.



    1917: Woodrow Wilson became the first president to publicly endorse a national Jewish philanthropic campaign when he sent a letter to Jacob Schiff, today calling for wide support of the United Jewish Relief Campaign, which was raising funds for European War relief.



    1917: Birthdate of St. Louis native and Bronze Star WW II Army Veteran, Melvin Kranzberg, the Harvard trained founder of the “Society for the History of Technology” who was a history professor at Case Western Reserve and Georgia Tech.



    http://amhistory.si.edu/archives/AC0266.pdf



    http://www.nytimes.com/1995/12/09/us/melvin-kranzberg-78-historian-of-technology.html



    http://www.vqronline.org/essay/technology-history-and-culture-appreciation-melvin-kranzberg



    1917: Felix M. Warburg, President of the Federation of Jewish Charities, issued an appeal today for the eighty-four societies for which the federation had raised $2,300,000 during the past year to carry on with their work despite the increasing challenges being faced by the Jewish community.



    1918: In Prague, “the Jewish National council for the Czecho-Slovak State” sent a “telegram to the International Zionist Organization” thanking “the British Government for its declaration on Palestine.”



    1918: As Poles and Ukrainians clash in the anarchy that followed the breakup of the Russian Empire Polish forces began a two day attack on the Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov).



    1920: “The Parents’ Association of the Free Synagogue of the Bronx” is scheduled to “give a theater party for its members and friends” today.



    1921:  Birthdate of comedian and comedic actor Rodney Dangerfield.  Dangerfield passed away in 2004.  His ill-fitting black suits and shirts with the too-tight collar were as much a part of his comedic signature as was the lament, “I don’t get no respect.”



    1922: Grigori Sokolnikov began serving as People’s Commissar for Finance of the RSFSR.



    1923: In Edmonton, Alberta, Rose (Garfin) and Harry Hiller gave birth to movie director Arthur Hiller whose best known movie was the saccharine film of the 70’s – Love Story for which he can be forgiven because he also direct Paddy Chayefsky’s “The Americanization of Emily.”



    1923: Birthdate of Hanna Meierzak, the German child actress who made Aliyah in 1933 where she gained fame as actress Hanna Maron.



    1923: At the Commonwealth Sporting Club, Charlie Phil Rosenberg, born Charles Green on the Lower East Side won a twelve round decision on points as he advanced toward becoming the World Bantamweight Champion.



    1926: Featherweight Harry Blitman fought and won his seventh straight bout.



    1926: “Pals in Paradise” a silent film starring Rudolph Schildkraut “as Abraham Lezinsky” was released in the United States today.



    1927: George Gershwin's "Funny Face," premieres in New York City.



    1927: “The Racket” a three-act drama co-starring Edward G. Robinson playing the first of the gangster roles which would he would make famous in numerous films, opened on Broadway the Ambassador Theatre.



    1928: “A dispatch to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency from Bucharest” today “said that the Zionist groups of Transylvania and Bukovina had made a political alliance with the National Peasant Party assuring six parliamentary seats to the Zionists.”



    1930: The Northwestern Wildcats with Hy Crizevksy playing guard lost their last game of the season when they were defeated by Notre Dame.



    1930: Michigan State University, led by running back Abe Eliowitz, finished the season with a tie against Detroit Mercy which meant their record for the year was 5-1-2.



    1931: In article entitled “Palestine Goes to the Theatre”, Jean Jaffe reports approvingly on the wide scope of theatrical productions offered by the Jewish community including productions of Shaw’s “Devil’s Desciple” which was produced under the Hebrew names “Bechor Hasatan”, Upton Sinclair’s “The Pot Boiler” and Zweig’s “Jeremiah.”



    1933: In Paris, Elisabeth Pelletier de Chambure, a French Catholic aristocrat and Phillipe de Rothschild, who were not married to each other yet gave birth to Baroness Philippine Mathilde Camille de Rothschild.



    http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/27/world/philippine-de-rothschild-wine-nobility-dies-at-80.html



    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/11056866/Baroness-Philippine-de-Rothschild-obituary.html



     



    1933: Incorporation of the Anti-Nazi League



    1934: "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" was first heard on Eddie Cantor's radio program.  And you thought that “White Christmas” was the only Christmas song with a Jewish connection. 



    1934: In an effort to curb “excessive rentals,” Tel Aviv’s Municipal Council vote to impose “regulations for the fixing of a maximum rate of rent for all business and residential property.”



    1935: “Crime and Punishment,” a film based on the novel of the same name directed by Josef von Sternberg, produced by B.P. Schulberg and starring Peter Lorre was released in the United States.



    1935: Following his unexpected demise yesterday, today “Aldermanic President Bernard S. Deutsch was praised by civic leaders and officials as a public servant who had made himself a martyr to duty, a conscientious citizen and as a leader of the Jewish effort in New York.”



    1936: Emir Abduallah fails in his attempt to convince Palestinian Arabs to give testimony before the Peel Commission.



    1936: Birthdate of Fred Wilpon the Bensonhurst native who made his fortune in real estate before he purchased the New York Mets.



    1936: Birthdate of Dr. Albert Bernard Ackerman.  A native of Elizabeth, NJ who graduated from Princeton and Columbia Medical School, Ackerman was a founding figure in the field of dermatopathology who trained a generation of doctors to recognize skin diseases under the microscope



    1937: The Palestine Post reported that in Beirut four persons lost their lives and more than 60 were wounded in demonstrations protesting the closing down by French authorities of several Lebanese political organizations. Over 300 arrests were made. Palestine was not the only scene of unrest in the Middle East prior to World War II.



    1937: Mathematician Fritz Noether was arrested on charges of being a German spy who not only spied on the Russian armament industry but committed acts of sabotage against it



    1937:  The Palestine Post reported that in Vienna the local Jewish community conducted a winter relief appeal for funds to feed some 1,800 needy residents daily.



    1937: The Palestine Post reported that 2,000 delegates attended the Palestine Conference in Warsaw. They were addressed by Yitzhak Ben-Zvi.  Ben-Zvi would gain fame as the second President of Israel.



    1938: Beersheba, after having been in the hands of Arab rebels since it was abandoned by the government civil authorities six weeks ago, was occupied by British troops today. All towns in Palestine that the Arab rebels had seized are now controlled by the British military although Arab terrorists are still active.



    1939: While on the witness stand in General Sessions Court today, Fritz Kuhn, the German-American Bund leader admitted “he had lied to Mrs. Florence Camp…and had lied again to the jury hearing evidence of larceny charges against him



    1939: The Balfour Players are scheduled to perform “Trial,” “a play concerning the Jews, Arabs and English in Palestine by Miss Shoshanah Bat Dori at the Heckschler Theatre on Fifth Avenue.



    1939(10th of Kislev, 5700): Moissaye Joseph Olgin, a Russian-born writer, journalist, and translator in the early 20th century passed away. He found the Morgen Freiheit, a New York City Yiddish Newspaper affiliated with the Communist Party, among whose stated aims was the promotion of the Jewish labor movement and the defeat of racism in the United States.



    1939(10th of Kislev, 5700): Seventy-five year old Louis Pokroisky, a native of Lithuania  the president of the Congregation Adath Jeshurun in Roxbury and managing director of the Hebrew Free Loan Society of Boston who had been married to Deborah H. Brody for 54 years passed away today in Boston



    1939: Supreme Court Justice Julius Miller said today that “payment to the German government of $3,700 from the $60,000 estate of Mrs. Lucy A. Peck will be authorized if proof is submitted that such a payment will result in the release of Mrs. Peck’s brother,” 71 year old Rudolf A. Strauss, a Jew currently being held in a German prison.



    1939: In Newark, NJ, Alice (née Lavroff) and Philip Goorwitz gave birth to Allen Goorwitz who gained fame as actor Allen Garfield



    http://www.filmreference.com/film/56/Allen-Garfield.html



    1939: “Harry A. Jung, honorary general manager of the American Vigilant Intelligence Federation…made public today letters to Representative Martin Dies,” chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee denying “that he or the federation had any connection with Nazi organizations.”



    1939(10th of Kislev, 5700): In Warsaw, Poland a Jew killed an officer.  As punishment for the crime, all 53 male inhabitants of his building were summarily shot.



    1940: “Little Nellie Kelly” a musical comedy directed by Norman Taurog and produced by Arthur Freed was released in the United States by MGM.



    1940: Prime Minister Winston Churchill writes to Lord Lloyd, the Secretary of State for the Colonies who is an opponent of Jewish immigration to Eretz Israel, cautioning him to make that Jewish internees on island of Mauritius be treated humanely.



    1942: During WW II, “a Soviet counteroffensive” trapped “about a quarter of a million German soldiers” within Stalingrad marking the slow beginning of the turning point that will lead to the ultimate defeat of the Nazis and the saving of the remnant of European Jewry.



    1941(2nd of Kislev, 5702): Kurt Koffka passed away. Koffka was born and educated in Germany. The famed psychologist moved to America in 1928.  With Wolfgang Köhler and Max Wertheimer, he co-founded the Gestalt school of psychology. Koffka became in time the most influential spokesman of Gestalt psychology. He applied it to child development, learning, memory and emotion. The name Gestalt, meaning form or configuration, emphasizes that the whole is more than the sum of its parts. Gestalt psychology grew as reaction against the traditional atomistic approach to the human being where behavior was analyzed into constituent elements called sensations. He made an influential distinction between the behavioral and the geographical environments - the perceived world of common sense and the world studied by scientists. 



    1942 (13th of Kislev, 5703): “Dr. Benzion Mossinsohn, noted Hebrew educator, Zionist leader and a member of the Jewish National Council died…today in the Hadassah Hospital at the age of 64, after a long illness.  He was the found and head of the Herzlia Gymnasium in Tel Aviv, the leading secondary school in Palestine.”  Dr. Mossinsohn visited New York for the first time in 1912 as a representative of the Gymnasium of Jaffa “the first strictly Jewish school to be established in Palestine in 2,000 years.”  During the visit, Mossinsohn addressed a gathering at Cooper Union during when he declared “Palestine is the land in which to solve the Jewish problem.  It will be the land of our salvation if we make it a center of culture and not merely a center for immigration.”  Mossinsohn visited the United States again in 1936, the same year in which his son was killed by a land mine explosion that took place during the multi-year long Arab uprising.  By now he was President of the World Confederaton of General Zionists and head of the Herzlia Gymnasium in Tel Aviv.



    1943: Lebanon gains its independence from France



    1943: Birthdate of former MK Naomi Blumenthal who “was one of the founders of the Beersheba theatre” and who served as Deputy Minister of National Infrastructure under Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.



    1943: More than 1000 Jewish patients at a Berlin mental hospital are deported to Auschwitz.



    1943(24th of Cheshvan, 5704): Professor Martin Pappenheim, the Viennese psychiatrists passed away today in Tel Aviv at the age of 62. He was the father of Else Pappenheim, MD Austrian-American psychiatrist and neurologist and a colleague of Sigmund Freud.



    1943(24th of Cheshvan, 5704): Lyricist Lorenz Hart passed away New York at age 48.



    http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1987-08-13/features/8703010662_1_lorenz-hart-dorothy-hart-beverly-hills-hotel



    1944: The U.S. Sixth Army Group notified the Alsos Mission that the capture of Strasbourg which was home to a German nuclear laboratory was imminent.



    1944(6th of Kislev, 5705): Fifty-eight year old “Dr. Benjamin H. Mann, an ophthalmologist at Methodist Hospital” passed away today at Graduate Hospital “after being ill for six weeks.”



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1944/11/24/86735530.pdf



    1944: Birthdate of Yitzchak Mordechai, a native of Iraq who made Aliyah in 1949.  He became a decorated member of the IDF before beginning a political career that included service as Minister of Defense and Minister of Transport.



    1944: Protectors of Jews in Budapest, Hungary, meet with Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg at the city's Swedish legation



    1945: In Brooklyn, Morty and Sylvia Okun Bernstein gave birth to Allen J. Bernstein who greatly expanded the high-end Morton’s of Chicago steakhouse chain during his 17 years as chairman, applying what some in the industry called a Big Mac approach to filet mignon. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)



    1945: “The Day Before Spring,” a Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe musical opened on Broadway at the National Theatre.



    1945: The British claim that members of “Jewish underground” took arms from the RAF stationed in Ras el Ain, Syria.



    1946: Five days after its premiere in New York City “The Chase” a film noir written by Philip Yordan was released in the rest of the United States today.



    1946: Birthdate of Denver born political cartoonist Ed Stein.



    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDuNT9TgRgE



    https://edsteinink.com/



    https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/comic-riffs/post/why-denvers-ed-stein-is-quitting-the-political-cartoon-business-the-passion-was-gone/2012/06/12/gJQAVgD4WV_blog.html?utm_term=.9cfe793b4cde



    1947: “A responsible information asserted tonight” that Soviet “officials have been in direct contact with the Stern group” and that he considered it “an obvious Communist” attempt to influence the group.



    1947 Michigan, led by Fullback and Linebacker Dan Dworsky concluded the regular season with a 21-0 win at home against rival Ohio State.



    1948: Operation Lot (also known as operation Dabambam in memory of Gershon Dabbenbaum) did not begin today because reinforcements had not arrived which meant the attack would not take place until the following day.



    1949: The Petersberg Agreement is an international treaty that extended the rights of the Federal Government of Germany vis-a-vis the occupying forces of Britain, France, and the United States, and which was viewed as the first major step of Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) towards sovereignty was signed by Chancellor Konrad Adenauer of the CDU/CSU and the Allied High Commissioners Brian Hubert Robertson (Britain), André François-Poncet (France), and John J. McCloy (United States of America) today in a step meant to return Germany to the family of nations following WW II.



    1949: Birthdate of David J. Skorton, who had served as President of the University of Iowa before becoming the 12th president of Cornell University in 2006.



    1954: “Aunt Clara” a British comedy with music by Benjamin Frankel was released in the United Kingdom today.



    1955(7th of Kislev, 5716): Sixty year old  Shemp Howard, a member of the Three Stooges,  died of a heart attack following an evening out with friends watching boxing matches.



    1955(7th of Kislev, 5716): Eighty-three year old Isadore “Izzy” Cohen, who along with Samuel Lehrman created the Giant Food grocery chain which a major Washington, DC chain that was the first story of its type to carry challah and where the men in the fish market knew what you need to make gefitle fish, passed away today.



    http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1995-11-24/news/1995328013_1_israel-cohen-giant-supermarket



    1955(7th of Kislev, 5716): Eighty-six year old Wilmington, Illinois native “Dr. Isaac A. Abt, an international authority on children’s diseases” and a pioneer in the field of pediatrics passed away today in Chicago.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1955/11/24/91379058.pdf



    1955: Today, two year after the death of Joseph Stalin, a “Military collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union withdrew the indictments against the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (JAC) members due to the lack of evidence.”



    1956: "A new Egyptian Nationality Code barred so called 'Zionists' from Egyptian nationality.



    1956: The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, which were boycotted by Egypt, Iraq and Lebanon “in response to the Suez Crisis” that had been precipitated by the Egyptian nationalization of the Suez Canal, opened in Melbourne today.


    1957: “Bombers B-52” a “Cold War” movie written by Irving Wallace and music by Leonard Rosenman was released today in the United States.”


    1957: Simon & Garfunkel appear on "American Bandstand" as "Tom & Jerry" 


    1961: “The George Raft” story, a biopic starring Julie London and featuring Hershel Bernardi and Jack Albertson was released today in the United States.


    1963: Filming of the pilot for “Bewitched” created by Sol Saks began today.


    1963: John F Kennedy 35th U.S. President was shot dead in Dallas, Texas – a national tragedy which Abraham Zapruder inadvertently filmed.  Kennedy enjoyed a great of deal of political support among Jewish voters.  He appointed two Jews to his cabinet – Abe Ribicoff to H.E.W. and Arthur Goldberg to Labor. Kennedy would appoint Goldberg to the Supreme Court as a replacement for Felix Frankfurter.


    1964(17th of Kislev, 5725): Seventy-two year old Rabbi Samuel S. Mayerberg, the long-time rabbi at B’nai Jehuda Temple and opponent of corrupt political boss Tom Pendergast passed away today in Kansas City, MO.




    1963: In Austin, TX, “the women of Agudas Achim…were working in their new kosher kitchen, mixing potato salad for the several hundred people including Vice President Lyndon Johnson, who were expected to attend the dedication of the new synagogue which was to take place tomorrow. (As reported by Cathy Schechter; full disclosure – I taught pre-bar mitzvah at Agudas Achim five years later)


    1965:Man of La Mancha” a musical with a book by Dale Wasserman and music by Mitch Leigh opens”at the ANTA Washington Square Theatre in Greenwich Village Irving Jacobson, a veteran of the Yiddish Theatre playing “Sancho Panza” (Only in America could a Jew play a major role in play set in what would become the Land of the Inquisition)


    1965: Steve Sabol “was the subject of a humorous articled his self-promotion exploits in today’s issue of Sports Illustrated.


    1967: Birthdate of tennis star Boris Becker. According to an interview Becker gave in 1999, his mother was Jewess from Czechoslovakia. 


    1967: English professional football player George Cohen”s “37th and final England appearance came in a 2–0 win over Northern Ireland at Wembley” today


    1967: The U.N. Security Council approved Resolution 242 as a result of the Six Day War fought in June of that year.  The resolution would provide the basis for Israel’s attempts to trade land for peace.


    1967: U.N. Secretary General Thant raises issue of restrictions placed on Syrian Jews at the U.N. Security Council during Resolution 242 on the Israeli-Arab conflict. Intervention on behalf of the Jews fails.


    1968(1stof Kislev, 5729): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1968(1stof Kislev, 5729): Twelve people were killed and 55 more were injured when terrorists set off a car bomb at the Mahaneh Yehuda Market in Jerusalem.


    1968: First interracial kiss on network television takes place between Captain Kirk played by William Shattner, and Lt. Uhura. (Shatner is Jewish.)


    1969(12thof Kislev, 5730): Parashat Vayetzei


    1969(12th of Kislev, 5730): Bertha Solomon passed away today at the age of 77. http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/solomon-bertha


    1971: Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971), an Equal Protection case in the United States for which Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote the plaintiff’s brief was decided today with the Supreme Court ruling “that the administrators of estates cannot be named in a way that discriminates between sexes.”


    1974: The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status. For the PLO, this was a reward for a variety of terrorist acts including the slaughter at the Munich Olympics.  What the UN members failed to understand was that others would see this as an approval of terrorism as an instrument for the advancement of their own agendas.  There is a direct line between the UN’s action and the radical Islamic terrorists that are confronting the West in the 21st century


    1974: “Israeli pop start” Mike Brant suffered fractures after attempting to commit suicide by “jumping out the window of his manager's hotel room in Geneva


    1976: Today Izvestia published an article entitled “Formula of betrayal: propagandist ‘of the Zionist paradise’ in the mantle of the scientist”.


    1977: Lucio Flaviom a Brazilian film directed by Héctor Babenco premiered at The São Paulo International Film Festival today


    1978: “Same Time, Next Year,” a comedy produced by Walter Mirish and with music by Marvin Hamlisch was released today.


    1978(22nd of Cheshvan, 5739): San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk, who was Jewish, were assassinated in City Hall by a former city supervisor, Dan White. Dianne Feinstein, who was then the President of the San Francisco's Board of Supervisors, was the first to discover Harvey Milk's body. Feinstein who was the first female president of the Board of Supervisors was then sworn in as the first female mayor of San Francisco in Moscone's stead. In 1979, she was elected to the first of two full terms as mayor. In 1992, she won a special Senate election to replace Pete Wilson who had left his seat to become governor of California. She was re-elected in 1994 and 2000.


    1979(2ndof Kislev, 5740): Eighty-eight year old George Froeschel, the Viennese born Jewish screenwriter who won an Oscar for the script he wrote for WWII favorite “Mrs. Miniver.”



    1981: Sir Hans Adolf Krebs passed away. The son of a Jewish physician, Krebs was forced in 1933 to leave Nazi Germany for England. The German-born British biochemist who received (with Fritz Lipmann) the 1953 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery in living organisms of the series of chemical reactions known as the tricarboxylic acid cycle (also called the citric acid cycle, or Krebs cycle) - the basic system for the essential pathway of oxidation process within the cell.. These reactions involve the conversion - in the presence of oxygen--of substances that are formed by the breakdown of sugars, fats, and protein components to carbon dioxide, water, and energy-rich compounds. The Krebs cycle explains two simultaneous processes: the degradation reactions which yield energy, and the building-up processes which use up energy


    1984: In New York, Karsten Johansson and Melanie Sloan whose Ahskenazi family had lived in the Bronx gave birth to actress Scarlett Johansson.


    1985: “Fever Pitch” that last film directed by Richard Brooks, the son of Russian Jewish immigrants Hyman and Esther Sax was released today in the United States.


    1985: “Bad Medicine,” the cinema version the novel Calling Dr. Horowitz by Steven Horowitz, MD starring Steve Guttenberg and Alan Arkin was released in the United States today.


    1985: According to the Tower Report Al Schwimmer, a middleman and consultant for Israel's Prime Minister, Shimon Peres, fouled up one arms shipment today when he allowed the lease to expire on three transport planes in Tel Aviv. At the time, weapons for Iran were en route to Tel Aviv: when they arrived, there were no planes to take them to Iran. As a result, the arms delivery to Iran was days late, and no hostages were released. Mr. Schwimmer had been trying to save what amounted to a day's leasing cost. ''I have never seen anything so screwed up in my life,'' General Secord is reported to have said.


    1988: William Andreas Brown was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Israel


    1988: ABC broadcast the sixth episode of “War and Remembrance,” “an American miniseries based on the novel of the same name written by Herman Wouk”


    1990:  Margaret Thatcher resigns as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.  Thatcher was seen by many as philo-Semitic and a supporter of Israel. She had been a member of Anglo-Israel Friendship League of Finchley and Conservative Friends of Israel and during her career had five Jewish members of her cabinet.


    1991: U.S. premiere of Mark Rydell’s “For the Boys” co-starring Bette Midler, James Caan and George Segal.


    1991: U.S. premier of “Beauty and the Beast, an “animated musical romantic fantasy film” with music by Alan Menken.


    1991: “The Addams Family” a comedy based “on the cartoon of the same name” directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, co-produced by Scott Rudin, with music by Marc Shaiman was released today in the United States.


    1993: Edward P. Djerejian was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Israel.


    1993: In an example of Jews telling the tale of other Jews Neil Simon’s “Laughter on the 23rd Floor” a comedy based on his experience as a writer for Sid Caesar opened on Broadway at the Richard Rodgers Theatre.


    1994(19th of Kislev, 5755): Eighty-eight year old Viola Spolin, leading innovator in American theatre passed away today in Los Angeles.




    1995: “Two Bits” a drama produced by Arthur Cohn, the namesake of his grandfather who was the Chief Rabbi of Basel.


    1995(29thof Cheshvan, 5756): Eighty-three year old Israel Cohen, a co-founder of Giant Food Stores, a grocery chain known to all of those living in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area which was the first store of its kind to sell fresh baked Challah and whose fresh fish department employees knew which aquatic creatures were necessary for Gefilte Fish passed away today.




    1995: Ehud Barak finished his term as Minister of Internal Affairs.


    1995: Ehud Barak replaced Shimon Peres as Minister of Foreign Affiars.


    1995: Chaim Ramon began serving as Minister of Internal Affairs in a government headed by Shimon Peres.


    1995: Gonen Segev began serving his second term as Minister of Energy and Infrastructure.


    1996: After having premiered at the Mall of America on November 16, “Jingle All the Way” a Christmas comedy featuring Laraine Newman and Harvey Korman with music by David Newman was released in the United States


    1997: It was reported today the President Bill Clinton was the first recipient …of the Man of Peace Award, established by the Rabin Foundation and the Peres Foundation, two ''peace centers'' financed in part with money from the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize the men shared with Mr. Arafat. Mr. Clinton asked the foundations to devote the $75,000 in prize money to pay for scholarships for Americans to study in Israel.”


    1998: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including I Will Bear Witness: A Diary of the Nazi Years 1933-1941by Victor Klemperer, Freud: Conflict and Culture, edited by Michael S. Roth in association with the Library of Congress and A Likely Story: One Summer With Lillian Hellmanby Rosemary Mahoney


    1999: In “Final Sabbath for a Spiritual Hub; A Synagogue That Embodied an Earlier Bronx Is Closed” published today Barbara Stewart provided the following description of the Mosholu Jewish Center.



    1999: “The David Adler Estate,” “the house and property of American architect David Adler in Libertyville, Illinois, was added to the NRHP(National Register of Historic Places) today.



    2000: “Quills” a film version of the Obie award winning play, directed by Philip Kaufman was released in the United States today.


    2000(24thof Cheshvan, 5761): Sarah Katz, the wife of Henry Katz, the sister-in-law of Bert Katz and the aunt of Toni Neta passed away today in Cedar Rapids, IA.


    2000(24thof Cheshvan, 5761):Shoshana Reis, 21, of Hadera, and Meir Bahrame, 35, of Givat Olga, were killed, and 60 wounded when a powerful car bomb was denotated alongside a passing bus on Hadera's main street, when the area was packed with shoppers and people driving home from work. 60 were wounded in the blast.


    2001(7th of Kislev, 5762): Eighty-three year old Norman Granz, American jazz musician and record producer passed away.(As reported by Richard Severo)



    2002(17thof Kislev, 5763): IDF tracker Sgt.-Maj. Shigdaf (Shai) Garmai, 30, of Lod, was killed when an Israel Defense Forces Givati Brigade patrol near Tel Qateifa, in the Gaza Strip, came under Palestinian gunfire. Hamas claimed responsibility.


    2002: U.S. Premiere of “The Emperor’s Club” starring Kevin Kline.


    2002: “Gimmel's first album Lentoon came out today and, just after it was published, it went to the number one spot in the Finnish Albums Chart, remaining there for three weeks.”


    2003(27thof Cheshvan, 5764):Two Israeli security guards, Ilya Reiger, 58, of Jerusalem, and Samer Fathi Afan, 25, of the Bedouin village Uzeir near Nazareth, were shot dead at a construction site along the route of the security fence near Abu Dis in East Jerusalem. The Jenin Martyrs' Brigades, affiliated with Fatah, claimed responsibility for the attack.


    2004: Peter Benjamin Mandelson, Baron Mandelson began serving as European Commissioner for Trade.


    2004: Having assembled the largest and most comprehensive listing of the names of Jewish victims of the Holocaust, along with biographical details, photographs and nutshell memoirs, Yad Vashem makes the information available online at www.yadvashem.org.


    2005: Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany. In 2007, Merkel would receive an honorary doctor of philosophy degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem "in recognition of her lifelong dedication to the principles of democracy and in appreciation of her warm and constant friendship for the people and State of Israel."


    2005: After 26 years, Ted Koppel calls it quits as host of ABC’s late night news show, Nightline.  Begun before the 24/7 world of cable news turned television news into tabloid entertainment, Koppel started a show that proved that some Americans wanted something a little more substantive than “Here’s Johnny” at the end of the day.


    2006(1st of Kislev, 5767): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    2006: During an exclusive interview with members of the University of Wisconsin Hillel staff, Ben Karlin ('93), a Senior Writer for “The Daily Show with Jon Stewart” admits that Sukkot is his favorite Jewish holiday because he “likes lulavs and loves etrogs.”


    2006: U.S. premiere of “The Fountain” directed by Darren Aronofsky who also wrote the screenplay and co-starring Rachel Weisz.


    2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, the Yuval Ron Ensemble present an evening of pan-Middle-Eastern Diaspora music anchored by Haifa-born vocalist Najwa Gibran.


    2007: (12 Kislev 5768) Yahrzeit of Solomon Schechter founder and President of the United Synagogue of America, President of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America and architect of the American Conservative Jewish movement.


    2008: The movie, “Old Days,” set in a retirement home with a decidedly Jewish feel opens at the Big Apple Film Festival in New York (www.bigapplefilmfestival.com). It’s a coming-of-age story of sorts about a 74-year-old woman, Lillian, who moves into a retirement community after her husband’s death. Like the new girl in school, Lillian struggles to make friends, fend off bullies and find romance, which in this case comes in the form of a middle-aged divorcé who has been singing at the retirement home for as long as anyone can remember. “Old Days” is compelling because its subject, the Jewish retirement home, has received scant attention in film.


    2008: As part of the Israeli Voices series the 92nd Street Y presents Yoni Rechter who has made a great contribution to the Israeli music scene.


    2008: In Arlington, Virginia, children's author and illustrator Sallie Lowenstein, author of Waiting for Eugene and The Festival of Lights, leads a discussion, "From Memory to Story: How a Childhood in Burma Became a Novel in the Future," on the origins of her new young-adult book, In the Company of Whispers.


    2008: 45th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Kennedy’s pro-civil rights stance attracted and energized a significant segment of the Jewish populace. His sympathy for the state of Israel can be seen in the following speech which he delivered during his campaign for the presidency.


    Prophecy is a Jewish tradition, and the World Zionist movement, in which all of you have played so important a role, has continued this tradition. It has turned the dreams of its leaders into acts of statesmanship. It has converted the hopes of the Jewish people into concrete facts of life. When the first Zionist conference met in 1897, Palestine was a neglected wasteland. A few scattered Jewish colonies had resettled there, but they had come to die in the Holy Land, rather than to make it live again in greatness. Most of the governments of the world were indifferent. But now all is changed. Israel became a triumphant and enduring reality exactly 50 years after Theodore Herzl, the prophet of Zionism, had proclaimed the ideal of nationhood. It was the classic case of an ancient dream finding a young leader, for Herzl was then only 37 years of age. Perhaps I may be allowed the observation that the Jewish people - ever since David slew Goliath - have never considered youth as a barrier to leadership, or measured experience and maturity by mere length of days. I first saw Palestine in 1939. There the neglect and ruin left by centuries of Ottoman misrule were slowly being transformed by miracles of labor and sacrifice. But Palestine was still a land of promise in 1939, rather than a land of fulfillment. I returned in 1951 to see the grandeur of Israel. In 3 years this new state had opened its doors to 600,000 immigrants and refugees. Even while fighting for its own survival, Israel had given new hope to the persecuted and new dignity to the pattern of Jewish life. I left with the conviction that the United Nations may have conferred on Israel the credentials of nationhood; but its own idealism and courage, its own sacrifice and generosity, had earned the credentials of immortality… Israel was not created in order to disappear - Israel will endure and flourish. It is the child of hope and the home of the brave. It can neither be broken by adversity nor demoralized by success. It carries the shield of democracy and it honors the sword of freedom; and no area of the world has ever had an overabundance of democracy and freedom. It is worth remembering, too, that Israel is a cause that stands beyond the ordinary changes and chances of American public life. In our pluralistic society, it has not been a Jewish cause - any more than Irish independence was solely the concern of Americans of Irish descent. The ideals of Zionism have, in the last half century, been repeatedly endorsed by Presidents and Members of Congress from both parties. Friendship for Israel is not a partisan matter. It is a national commitment. Yet within this tradition of friendship there is a special obligation on the Democratic Party. It was President Woodrow Wilson who forecast with prophetic wisdom the creation of a Jewish homeland. It was President Franklin Roosevelt who kept alive the hopes of Jewish redemption during the Nazi terror. It was President Harry Truman who first recognized the new State of Israel and gave it status in world affairs. And may I add that it would be my hope and my pledge to continue this Democratic tradition - and to be worthy of it….The Middle East needs water, not war; tractors, not tanks; bread, not bombs. There is already little enough available in the way of financial and physical resources for either side to be devoting its energies to huge defense budgets. The present state of tensions serves only the worst interests of Arab and Israeli alike. But a new spirit of comity could well serve the highest ideals of both. For the original Zionist philosophy has always maintained that the people of Israel would use their national genius not for selfish purposes but for the enrichment and glory of the entire Middle East. The earliest leaders of the Zionist movement spoke of a Jewish state which would have no military power and which would be content with victories of the spirit. The compulsions of a harsh and inescapable necessity have compelled Israel to abandon this hope. But I cannot believe that Israel has any real desire to remain indefinitely a garrison state surrounded by fear and hate. And I cannot believe that the Arab world would not find a better basis for unity in a united attack on all their accumulated social problems - an attack in which they could benefit immensely from a closer cooperation with the people of Israel. The technical skills and genius of Israel have already brought their blessings to Burma and to Ethiopia. Still other nations in Asia and in Africa are eager to benefit from the special skills available in that bustling land. Why should the Middle East alone be cut off from this partnership? And why should not the people of Israel receive the blessings available to them from association with the Arab world? When we think of the possibilities of this association, an emotion of soaring hope replaces our somber anxieties about the Middle East. Ancient rivers would give their power to new industries. The desert would yield to civilization. Disease would be eradicated, especially the disease that strikes down helpless children. The blight of poverty would be replaced by the blessings of abundance…”For the entire text see


    2008: An experimental Israeli music ensemble, the Givol Choir and David Moss, an innovative American singer and percussionist perform three separate shows at the historic Ha'adumim Building near the Carmel Market in Tel Aviv.


    2008: Seeking to ensure that President George W. Bush's promises to Israel are transferred to the new US administration, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert left for Washington tonight for his final meeting with the outgoing American leader.


    2009: The Lost Angeles Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors or/of special interest to Jewish readers including A Dream of Undying Fame: How Freud Betrayed His Mentor and Invented Psychoanalysis byLouis Breger


    2009: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors or/of special interest to Jewish readers including Eating Animals by Jonathan Safran Foer. Foer is part of literary family.  His brother Franklin is an editor with the New Republic. His brother Joshua is a journalist.  And is if that was not enough, he married novelist Nicole Krauss in 2004:


    2009: An experienced guide from the Lower East Side Jewish Conservancy, a nonprofit Jewish educational organization, leads a tour in which attendees “discover 150 years of Lower East Side history on Shteibl Row, noted for its abundance of 19th-century one- and two-room synagogues.” They will also ‘visit the meticulously restored Bialystoker Synagogue and hear the story of this sacred site's role in the Underground Railroad and “see the original site of the Henry Street Settlement, and learn what critical role settlement houses played in this community.


    2010:Salman Rushdie, the author living under the threat of a fatwa, is scheduled to speak at the 92nd Street Y in NYC.


    2010:NoVA State Legislators' Reception 2010 which gives the Jewish community a chance to Hear our state legislators identify their top priorities and address the Jewish community's state platform, is scheduled to take place at the Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia (JCCNV)


    2010: The Leo Baeck Institute in cooperation with Manhattan School of Music is scheduled to present “Adventures in Listening: Kurt Masur, A Film by Amit Breuer”


    2010:The IDF's new Head of Military Intelligence, Major-General Aviv Kochavi, formally assumed his new position today and was promoted from the rank of brigadier-general. In a ceremony honoring Kochavi and outgoing MI Chief Maj.-Gen. Amos Yadlin, The IDF's Chief of Staff, Lieutenant-General Gabi Ashkenazi, hailed Yadlin for being an honest person – “an essential trait for any leader and commander, and even more so for the head of Military Intelligence.”


    2011: A forum hosted by the International Atomic Energy Agency on the subject of ridding the world of nuclear weapons which representatives from Israel and Arab states are schedule to attend is scheduled to come to an end in Vienna.


    2011: Rabbi Dr. Levi Cooper a teacher at the Pardes Institute of Jewish Studies in Jerusalem and serves as the spiritual leader of Kehillat HaTzur VeHaTzohar in Tzur Hadassah is scheduled to deliver the first in a series of lectures entitled “Maharal: The Mystic as Legal Scholar” at Temple Shalom in Chevy Chase, Maryland.


    2011: Sharon Steinberg, the Cantor at Beth El Hebrew Congregation in Alexandria, VA, is scheduled to give the last lecture in the series entitled “An Overview of Jewish Liturgical Music” as the JCC of Northern Virginia.


    2011: Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein decided today to open a criminal investigation against Safed Chief Rabbi Shmuel Eliyahu, for alleged incitement to racism. The decision to investigate Eliyahu came after he was quoted making several anti-Arab comments in interviews with the media. Eliyahu was one of 18 rabbis who signed a petition in October 2010, urging Jews to refrain from renting or selling apartments to non-Jews – a move seen as being directed against Arab students enrolled in Safed’s college.


    2011:The Military Advocate General filed indictments today against two Palestinians from the village of Halhoul near Hebron, who confessed to throwing a rock that killed Asher Hillel Palmer and his son as they drove near Kiryat Arba in September.


    2012: In Melbourne, Australia,  “The One That Got Away” is scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2012:The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to offer an introductory course for students and researchers wishing to use its extensive photo archive.


    2012: In the U.S., Thanksgiving, the Pilgrim holiday based on Sukkoth


    2012: The IDF Spokesman’s Office said today it was looking into a photograph circulating widely on Facebook in which 16 IDF soldiers arranged their uniformed bodies on the sand, to spell out the Hebrew words “Bibi loser” — in a deft physical critique of Prime Minister Benjamin (Bibi) Netanyahu’s failure to send ground troops into Gaza during the just-ended Operation Pillar of Defense.


    2012:Shin Bet officers and police arrested the terrorists who bombed a bus in Tel Aviv on Wednesday several hours after the device exploded, the agency revealed this evening


    2012(8th of Kislev, 5773): Twenty-eight year old Boris Yarmolnik, the IDF reserve officer who was wounded in a rocket attack yesterday, passed away today following an unsuccessful surgical process designed to save his life.



    2013: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host “Discovery and Recovery” – a behind the scene tour of the Iraqi Jewish Archive at the National Archives.


    2013: “Fox Dedicates Music Building to Oscar-Winning Composer Lionel Newman” published today described the ceremony during which “Twentieth Century Fox renamed its historic Fox Music Building in honor of film and television composer Lionel Newman.”


    2013: “Kol HaMusica” is scheduled to broadcast a noontime concert by Tatiana Rubina.


    2013: “The archaeologists who have been exploring the Canaanite site, known as Tel Kabri, announced today that they had found one of civilization’s oldest and largest wine cellars.” (As reported by John Noble Wilford)



    2013: “


     


    Isaac Herzog, the son of a former president, took the helm of Israel’s Labor Party and thus Parliament’s opposition today, vowing to restore the party’s historic focus on promoting peace with the Palestinians and to mount a vigorous challenge to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s right-leaning government.” (As reported by Jodi Rudoren)


    2014: Lewis Black is scheduled to appear the Grand Opera House in Wilmington, DE.


    2014: In Melbourne, “The Last Mentsch” and “The Go-Go Boys” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014: US Secretary of State John Kerry called Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu this evening and updated him on the ongoing negotiations in Vienna for a deal with Iran on its contested nuclear program.


    2014: Six Palestinian youths have been arrested after graffiti “in Arabic praising the Islamic State terror group was found on a memorial monument for fallen Druze IDF soldiers along the Carmel Scenic Route, located east of the predominantly Druze village of Daliyat al-Karmel.”


    2014: “The Angriest Man in Brooklyn and “Hora 79” are scheduled to be shown at the 18thannual UK Jewish Film Festival


    2014(29thof Cheshvan, 5775): Eighty-five year old “Israeli journalist and author Israel Zamir, the only son of Isaac Bashevis Singer” passed away today.




    2014(29thof Cheshvan, 5775): Ninety-four year old Claire Barry who along with her sister Merna formed the singing group known as the “Barry Sisters” passed away today.



    2015: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Lights Out: A Cyberattack, a Nation Unprepared, Surviving the Aftermathby Ted Koppel, Charlie Mike: A True Story of Heroes Who Brought Their Mission Home by Joe Klein and  the recently released paperback edition of The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution by Walter Isaacson and CHINA 1945: Mao’s Revolution and America’s Fateful Choice by Richard Bernstein


    2015: the Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center is scheduled to host a screening of “The Life of Emile Zola” followed by a “post-screening discussion led by David Chack.”


    2015: The Center for Jewish History and the American Jewish Historical Society hosted a Wikipedia edit-a-thon centered on the American Soviet Jewry movement in celebration of the recently-completed digitization of over 75,100 items and 500 hours of audio from the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement.


    2015: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host “Cantors Cabaret: From the Bimah to Broadway,” featuring Jewish and Broadway music, ranging from the classical Hazzanut of Israel Alter to Broadway's "Annie Get Your Gun;” from the songbooks of cantorial favorite, Sol Zim, to Yiddish icon, Molly Picon performed by Hazzan Elisheva Dienstfrey, Agudas Achim Congregation; Cantor Jason Kaufman, Beth El Hebrew Congregation; Cantor Rachel Rhodes and Cantor Michael Shochet, Temple Rodef Shalom; and a special guest appearance by Hazzan Sidney G. Rabinowitz.


    2016: Just a couple of weeks before his 93rd birthday Menahem Pressler is slated to play Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s “Piano Concerto No. 2” at Symphony Hall in Boston where doctor’s saved his life by repairing an aneurysm in his aorta.


    2017(4thof Kislev, 5778): Eighty-nine year old Mary Adelman, the Antwerp born daughter of tailor Morris Golinkski and Caroline Golinskisi, the owner of Osner Business Machines, one of that dying breed of typewriter repair shops, passed away today.(As reported by James Barron)



    2017: “During an interview with i24 News” today, Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi  Hotovely despairingly “depicted US Jews as being removed from the sacrifices other Americans make as well as the threats that govern life in Israel.”


    2017: The Yiddish Book Center is scheduled to close at noon today as part of the observance of the Thanksgiving holiday.


    2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host Rabbi Michael Hattin leading a discussion on “From Harlot to Heroine: Rachav’s Remarkable Transformation.”


    2017: “A Bag of Marbles” and “1945” are scheduled to be shown at the 21stUK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Michael Oren who works included Six Days of War and Power, Faith and Fantasycontinues today.


    2018: The Chaplains of the Oxford University Jewish Society are scheduled to host a Thanksgiving this evening at their house! 


    2018:  “A rare sword, which was given as a present by SS commander Heinrich Himmler to the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Haj Muhammad Amin al-Husseini during his visit to Nazi Germany in March 1943,” is scheduled to continue to be offered for sale for a third day on a British website—The Saleroom— by the German auction house Hermann Historica, which specializes in selling historical items.” (As reported by Itamar Eichner)


    2018(14thof Kislev, 5779): On the Hebrew calendar anniversary of the birth of Reuben, Jacob’s first-born son.


    2018: Following screenings of “Humor Me,” “The Resistance” and “Shelter,” the UK Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to  come to an with a festival awards ceremony at the Curzon Mayfair in London sponsored by the Diana and Allan Morgenthau Charitable Turst.


    2018: In Jerusalem, OU Israel is scheduled to host “an authentic Thanksgiving dinner complete with turkey, stuffing, cranberry sauce and pumpkin” followed by Torah Insights from Rabbi Yitzchak Breitowitz.


    2018: Beit Hillel is scheduled to host a Thanksgiving Dinner for Hebrew University students


    2018: In Jerusalem, Olive and Fish, Mike’s Place and the Inbal Hotel are scheduled to offer diners a Thanksgiving Dinner while the Beer Bazaar is scheduled to host a “Thanksgiving Happy Hour.”


    2018: Fifty-fifth anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.


     


     


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    November 23



    912: Birthdate of Otto the Great, founder of the Holy Roman Empire which was neither holy nor Roman. During his reign Rabbis living in the Rhineland addressed questions to the Rabbis in Palestine “concerning the reported appearance of the Messiah.” This report was based on information supplied by 12 century Rabbi Isaac ben Dorolo.



    1221: Birthdate of King Alfonso X of Castile who had Yehudah ben Moshe translate several texts on magic into the national vernacular. 1248: In the long war to unite Spain, King Ferdinand III of Castile takes Seville from the Moors. Ferdinand is remembered as the king who refuses Pope’s demand that Jews be forced to wear special badge and clothing.  The reason given by the monarch is a fear that Jews would flee to Muslim Granada, which would be disastrous for the revenues of the kingdom. “The Jews have played a prominent part in Seville’s history since the 4th Century and after the Christian Reconquest, their community was concentrated in this part of the city and enjoyed a period of great prosperity until the end of the 14th Century. Jews were prominent bankers, tradesmen, doctors, writers, philosophers, and advisors to both Arab and Christian rulers. It is no coincidence that the Jewish quarter of Santa Cruz is located right next to the Royal Palace, the Alcázar. A street called “El Callejón de La Judería” (“The Little Street of the Jewish Quarter”) leads into the heart of the Santa Cruz neighborhood.”



    1510: The Jews were expelled from Naples. Fifteen years earlier, the Spanish had conquered the island, and within a year had issued an order for the banishment of all Jews, which was never carried out. Now the community, which had existed since Roman times, was forced out. The only Jews remaining were the "New Christians" (who were to be expelled 5 years later) and 200 wealthy families who paid a new annual tax for such tolerance.



     1584: The Sultan ordered an investigation to the number of synagogues in Safed. In his letter to the local administration, he wrote, "in the town of Safed there are only seven sacred mosques. But the Jews who in olden times had three synagogues have now thirty-two synagogues, and they have built their buildings very high."



    1593: Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Bucharest claiming the lives of many Jews.



    1648: Coronation of old Frederick III, who said of the Jews, they “have stolen into Denmark contrary to long-standing custom, [since the days of the Reformation, the Lutheran creed had, according to the laws of Denmark, been compulsory throughout the kingdom], and have dared to traffic with jewels and the like” which led him “to order that no Jew should enter Denmark without a special passport ("Geleitsbrief"), and that those who were already in the country should be heavily fined if they did not leave within fourteen days” [Editors’ note: A few years later, Frederick III., being in need of funds for his wars, borrowed money from the Jew Abraham (or Diego) Teixeira de Mattos of Hamburg (known through his relations with the Swedish queen Christina), and gave as security crownlands in Jutland. Teixeira thereupon made such good use of his influence with the Danish king that, as early as Jan. 19, 1657, "the Portuguese professing the Hebrew religion" were permitted to travel everywhere within the kingdom, and to trade and traffic within the limit of the law. Teixeira himself gained little by his transaction with the Danish monarch. As his loan was not returned, he took instead the estates he held as security, selling them later at a great loss. The king acted similarly in his dealings with the De Lima family, who were in possession of the Hald estate from 1660 to 1703.”]



    1700: Beginning of the Papacy of Clement XI who in 1704 issued a bull that “dealt with the education of potential converts, encouraged forced preaching to Jews, and emphasized the importance of providing financial assistance to Jews who converted” and “asserted that new converts were to be fully accepted into the Catholic community.”



     



    1702(3rd of Kislev): Thirty six Jews were killed in an explosion in Lemberg, Poland



    1777(23rd of Cheshvan): Rabbi Aaron Katzenellenbogen of Brisk, author of Minhat Aharon passed away



    1801: In Philadelphia, Leon van Amringe, Isaiah Nathan, Isaac Marks, Aaron Levi, Jr., Abraham Gumpert, and Abraham Moses took title to a plot of ground to be used as a place of burial for members of the newly formed Congregation Mickvé Israel.



    1801: In Bridgetown, Barbados, Eliezer Montefiore and Judith Montefiore gave birth to Jacob Barrow Montefiore who “entered into business with his brother Moses, and when in the early thirties the movement for the financing of Australian colonization from London was incepted Montefiore, who had been connected with the Colonial produce trade, became active in the various public schemes as a member of the South Australian Colonization Association, organized to settle South Australia on the Wakefield system. He was also appointed member of the first board of commissioners entrusted by the British government with the administration of the colony. He visited the colony in the year 1843 and again in 1854. His reception on his first visit by the governor, Sir George Grey, and the people was enthusiastic. During his visit to South Australia in 1843 he acted as an agent for the Rothschilds, at the same time holding a partnership with his brother Joseph Barrow in the firm of Montefiore Brothers of London and Sydney. The township of Montefiore, at the confluence of the Bell and MacQuarrie rivers, in Wellington Valley, was founded by the brothers, and they contributed actively to the establishment there of places of worship for all denominations. The organization of the Bank of Australasia was largely due to their efforts. In Adelaide there is a hill named after them. In 1885, at the request of the directors of the Art Union Gallery of Adelaide, Jacob sat for the artist B. S. Marks, the portrait being hung in that gallery



    1804: Birthdate of Franklin Piercefourteenth President of the United States. Pierce is part of the unmemorable trio who served occupied the White House in the decade before the Civil War including Fillmore, Pierce and Buchanan.  Among his few claims to fame is that he was the first and maybe the only President whose name appears on the charter of a synagogue. Pierce signed the Act of Congress in 1857 that amended the laws of the District of Columbia to enable the incorporation of the city's first synagogue, the Washington Hebrew Congregation.



    1825: Birthdate of Henriette Goldschmidt who married Rabbi Abraham Meyer Goldschmidt and was a leading educator, social worker and activists in the fight for the rights of German women.



    http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/goldschmidt-henriette



    1831: Jonas Engel married Sarah Louisa Barnett today.



    1833: In Turek, near Kalish in Russian, Poland, Wolf Rosenthal and Esther Kolskey gave birth to “painter, engraver, etcher, lithographer and illustrator” and husband of Carolina Rosenthal who came to Philadelphia in 1849 where he pursued a career that included making illustrations of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War for the United States Military Commission, producing a collection of five hundred historical portraits and providing illustrations for “The Legend of Ben Levi.”



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Rosenthal#/media/File:New_Masonic_Hall_Interior_1855.jpg



    1836(14th of Kislev, 5597): Jacob Cohen Bakri, a wealthy French Jew who played a key role in the French acquisition of Algeria passed away today.



    1838(6th of Kislev, 5599): Sixty-seven year old Bohemian native Samuel Hyman and the husband of Elizabeth Hyman passed away today in Plymouth, England.



    1840: Sixty-six year old Louis Gabriel Ambroise Bonald, the anti-Semitic “French philosopher, politician and author” who believed that most Jews were “parasites” and that before they could be emancipated they must adopt Catholicism, passed away today.



    1841: It was announced that Albert Goldsmid had been promoted to the rank of Lt. Col. In the British Army.



    1843: One day after he had passed away, 31 year old Isaac Abrahams was buried at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”



    1844(12th of Kislev, 5605): Fifty-three year old “Austrian financier and philanthropist Hermann Todesco passed away at his native Pressburg, Hungary today.



    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0020_0_19910.html



    1845: Paul Julius Reuter married Ida Maria Elizabeth Clementine Magnus in Berlin completing a series of changes that had begun a month before when he arrived had arrived in London.  In that time he changed his name to Joseph Josephat, converted to Christianity and then changed his name again to Paul Julius Reuter.


    1845: Forty-six year old Michael Solomon Alexander, the first Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem passed away.  An ordained Rabbi, he converted to Christianity in 1825.



    1845: Forty-six year old Michael Solomon Alexander, a convert to Christianity who became the first Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem passed away today.



    1847: The Ladies of the Society for the Religious Instruction in Charleston, South Carolina passed a resolution of tribute at the passing of the British author, Grace Aguilar. Aguilar had died on September 16, 1847 at the age of 32. Aguilar's work had been championed by Philadelphia editor Isaac Leeser, who published Aguilar's books in the United States and included her writings in his monthly magazine, The Occident and American Jewish Advocate. As a result, Aguilar was in many ways better known in the Jewish community of the United States than in England. In addition to historical romances (e.g. The Vale of Cedars) and reflections on Judaism (The Spirit of Judaism, 1842) Aguilar's influential book, The Women of Israel (1844), contested the claims by numerous Christian authors that Judaism denigrated women. Aguilar argued for Judaism's ancient and contemporary regard for women by detailing the strong and admirable women who appear in Judaism's essential defining text, the Bible. Aguilar returned the feeling of kinship that American Jewish women bore her. She even responded to an 1843 request from Savannah to contribute to a fair that local Jewish women were holding to raise funds to hire a rabbi. Aguilar sent along 2 purses, 6 needle cases, and 12 pincushions on which she had done the needlework, along with additional needlework pieces gathered from some of her friends. In mourning Aguilar's passing, the Charleston women truly felt they had lost one of their own. Aguilar's death at a young age evinced a strong response. Leeser observed that “there has not arisen a single Jewish female in modern times who has done so much for the illustration and adornment of her faith as Grace Aguilar.” The Charleston women expressed their appreciation for the “power and effect” of the “pen of this champion of our faith, against that giant Prejudice, whose shadow blackens the earth.” Citing her as the “moral governess of the Hebrew family,” the women of the Society resolved that her death “must be regarded as a national calamity; and that no demonstration of respect, however high, can convey an adequate sense of the exalted estimation in which we hold her character or of the profound regret with which we received the tidings of her dissolution.”



    1848(27th of Cheshvan, 5609): Twenty-six year old Hermann Jellinek, the younger brother of Rabbi Adolf Jellinek was executed today for his role in the Vienna Uprising in October, 1848



    1848 (27th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Meir Benjamin Danon, author of Be’er ba Sadeh, passed away



    1852: An article published today entitled “Trial for Arson In the First Degree’ described the trial of Aaron Diamond on charges of arson. Mr. Morrison appeared as counsel representing Aaron Diamond, a German Jew who does not speak English in the case of the People vs. Aaron Diamond.  The case revolved around an allegation that Diamond and Joshua Feller had set fire to the dwelling of John Nally.  Morrison demanded that Diamond be tried separately. When several of the prosecution’s witnesses failed to show up, the District Attorney said that it would “unsafe” to convict the defendant and the Jury was directed by the court to render a verdict of not guilty.



    1852: The discovery of Asteroid 21 Lutetia by Hermann Goldschmidt was published today.



    1853: Two days after he had passed away, 99 year old Levy Alexander, the husband of Prussian born Fanny Alexander, was buried today at the “Exeter Jewish Cemetery.



    1853: The Hebrew Benevolent Society celebrated its 32nd anniversary this evening with a dinner attended by 350 gentlemen at the Chinese Assembly Rooms on Broadway. 


    1854(2ndof Kislev, 5615): Fifty year old Belarus native Meshulam Zalman Feiwel Friedland, of Slutsk, the “son of Shmuel Zanvil (Zavel) Friedland and Itke Friedland” passed away today in Latvia.


    1855: Seventy-four year old French statesman Louis-Mathieu Molé the opponent of Jewish emancipation who was the official named by Napoleon to bring together the Sanhedrin in 1806 and 1807 passed away today.



    1856: Isaac and Julie Judith Josephine Mautner gave birth to Rosa Perlhefter.



    1863: Two days after she had passed away, Rachel (Isaacs) Ansell, the wife of Jacob Ansell with whom she had had eleven children, was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”



    1867: Birthdate of Edgar D. Peixotto, the native New Yorker and son of Raphael Peixotto who became a successful lawyer in San Francisco, CA.



    1868: In Chicago, Illinois, Julius Rosentha and Jette Wolfe gave birth to attorney Lessing Rosenthal the graduate of Johns Hopkins University and Northwestern Law School and husband of Mrs. Lillie Frank Myers who combined a distinguished legal career with service to the Jewish community including serving as director of the Jewish Training School in Chicago.



    1870: It was reported today that Thanksgiving Services will be held at the 44th Street Synagogue after which children from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum will enjoy a holiday dinner provided by the Trustees.



    1870(29th of Cheshvan, 5631): Augusta Feuchtwanger nee Levy, the wife of Lewis Feuchtwanger, passed away today in New York.



    1870: Lewis Hart married Adelaide Levy at the New Synagogue today.



    1871: Birthdate of Morris Masskov, the native of Odessa who gained fame American character actor Maurice Moscovitch whose last film may have been his most famous – Charlie Chaplain’s “The Great Dictator.”



    1871: Ignatz Ratzsky was released from Sing Sing Prison after having served nine years for the robbery-murder of a German Jew named Sigismund Fellner.  Ratzsky had originally been sentenced to death, but Governor Fenton commuted his sentence based his judgment that the conviction had been based on circumstantial evidence.



    1873: In New York, founding  of the Société Israélite Française de Secours Mutuels de New York which met on the fourth Sunday of each month, provided money for sick, death and burial benefits and owned burial grounds at Bayside, Long Island.



    1874: Carl Schurz will deliver a lecture this evening sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association on “Educational Problems” at Steinway Hall in New York.



    1877: It was reported today that two men have been charged for their role in stealing furs from A.T. Stewart & Co. Rpbert Kyle was charged with stealing the first while Seligman Hirsch, who was described as a “Hebrew” fur dealer, was charged with receiving the stolen firs. Why or how the reported knew that Hirsch was Jewish is not stated nor is any reason given for not identifying any of the other characters by their religious affiliation.



    1880: It was reported today the lower house of the Prussian Diet debated the proposals by the anti-Semitic party to limit the activities of Jews in Germany.  The anti-Semites reflected the views of Reverend Stecker, the Court Chaplin who wants legislation adopted that will “keep the Jews from any post of authority.”  The opponents including members of the Liberal Party defended the Jews and “contended that it was breach of the Constitution to deny that Jews were Germans.”



    1882: In New York, the Board of Estimate and Apportionment distributed funds to a variety of charitable institutions including $1,680 to the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.



    1883: It was reported today that Spanish in Morocco tried and convicted twelve Jews accused supplying guns to the Berbers.



    1883: Henry Irving will play Shylock, one of his signature roles in tonight’s performance of “The Merchant of Venice” at the Star Theatre.



    1883: According to a report that appeared in today’s edition of the Hebrew Standard, Hugh O’Neill is quoted as telling a Jew in New York, “We don’t want any of your people in our employ.”



    1884: It was reported today that the friends of Mrs. Max Rosenberg, the former Miss Jennie E. Lyman, were surprised to hear that she has filed for divorce especially since most of them did not she had gotten married several months while visiting New York.  In her petition, Mrs. Rosenberg accused her husband of “extreme cruelty.”  Rosenberg disputes his wife’s claims and says that the cause of the problem is her father’s dislike for him because he was Jewish.



    1885: Birthdate of Alexander “Alex” Trachtenberg the native of Odessa who was active in the Socialist Party of America and the Communist Party USA.



    1885: It was reported today that this year’s Hebrew Ladies Benevolent Fair raised over $7,800.



    1886: Warrants are expected to be issued today for those who have violated Massachusetts “Sunday Closing Laws.”  Several Jews and their customers are expected to be named since up until last week, it had been considered permissible for the Jews to operate their businesses on Sunday since they were closed on Saturday for their Sabbath observances.



    1886(25th of Cheshvan, 5647): Sixty-four year old author and historian Leopold Kompert, best known for his role in the “Kompert Affair” in which he and Heinrich Graetz “were brought to court in Vienna for publishing ideas that were heretical to Catholic faith, in addition to contradicting Jewish tradition.”



    1888:  Birthdate of Harpo Marx, one of the famous Marx Brothers.



    1889: Jacob Levy arrived in New York City from Poland today and moved in with his brother at 83 Norfolk Street in NYC.



    1889: Sanitary officers “seized some unwholesome meat and vegetables in the sidewalk markets in the Hebrew quarter in the Tenth Ward.”



    1889: “The Red Hussar,” a comedy opera in three acts by Edward Solomon, with a libretto by Henry Pottinger Stephens, which opened at the Lyric Theatre in London tonight.  Solomon was the prolific Ango-Jewish composer and conductor who died prematurely at the age of 29.



    1890: Seventy-three year old William III of Netherlands who in 1855 appointed Aron Mendes Chumaceiro chief rabbi of the colony of Curaçao and intervened on behalf of “the persecuted Dutch Jews of Coro, Venezuela” passed away today.



    1890: Today’s New Publication List includes a review of a novel entitled The Jew, translated from the Polish of Joseph Ignatius Kraszewski by Linda Da Kowalewska



    1890: “Catholic Spain” published today provided a detailed review of Chapters From The Religious History Of Spain Connected With The Inquisition by Henry Charles, a subject near and dear to the hearts of Jews in general and Sephardic Jews in particular.



    1891: In Savannah, GA, founding of the Daughters of Israel whose members including Miss Maria Minis, Mrs. M.G. Ehrlich and Miss Maud Hendricks.



    1891: Two days after he passed away, 73 year old Aaron Levy, the husband of the former Marianne Hart and the father Alexander and John Arthur Levy, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”



    1894: At today’s meeting of the Tenement House Committed that was held in the Old Criminal Court Mr.Rice and Mr. Tuska of the United Hebrew Charity expressed their agreement with Reverend John B. Devins that tenement residents do not prefer filth, “that there should be public lavatories and that “every saloon should have an outside drinking fountain.  They also believe that tenements should be better lit, have water on each floor and house kindergartens.



    1895: This evening in Richmond, VA, the Paradise Lodge of B’nai B’rith “began a movement for the Jews of the United States to give tangible evidence of the debt they owe to the memory of Thomas Jefferson as father of religious liberty” in the United States.



    1896:”A Radical Chicago Rabbi” published today summarized the view of Dr. Emil G. Hirsh, the rabbi Temple Sinai on the Windy City’s south-side, including his beliefs that observing Shabbat on Saturday “and the hope of the return to the Holy Land” are “relics of an attractive tradition but entirely out of keeping with advance and progress of modern ideas.



    1896: In Philadelphia, the local chapter of the National Council of Jewish Women hosted a reception for the National Board at the Mercantile Club.



    1896(18th of Kislev, 5657): Forty-one year old Ella Heyman, the native of Wheeling, West Virginia, passed away today in St. Louis.



    1897: The Ladies Committee of the Home and Hospital for Jewish Incurables met this afternoon in London.



    1897: The Apprenticing Committee of the Jews’ Hospital and Orphan Asylum met at Hamilton House this morning.



    1897: Charles Schapiro was being held in the Tombs today after having killed Louis Lieberman and wounded his girlfriend Yetta Gordon yesterday.   Gordon whose wounded eye was bandaged is being held in the House of Detention as a material.  She had rejected Schapiro because he did not earn enough money.  And he was angry because she would not return the twenty-five dollar ring he had “bought for her with money she had lent him.”



    1898: Today “Marcus Aaron who worked for his father at the Louis I. Aaron Company and in 1911 would succeed his father at the Homer Laughlin China Company married Stella Hamburger with whom he had two children – “Marcus Lester and Fannie Hamburger Aaron.



    1898: In Pécs, Hungary, the local cantor and his wife gave birth to opera singer Dezső Ernster who survived the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp to perform at the Metropolitan Opera.



    1899: Birthdate of Parisian Israel Moshe Blauschild, the son of Romanian immigrants who as Marcel Dailo the movie actor who spent WWII in Hollywood before returning to his native country to pursue his career.



    http://www.nytimes.com/1983/11/23/obituaries/marcel-dalio-83-film-actor-dead.html



    1902: Birthdate of New York native Aaron Bank, the U.S. Army Colonel considered by some to be father of what eventually became “the Green Berets.”



    http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/06/business/col-aaron-bank-101-dies-was-father-of-special-forces.html



    http://www.cedu-diver.com/aaron.htm



    1905(25th of Cheshvan, 5666): Sixty-eight year old German born American actor Daniel Edward Bandmann, the son of Solomon and Rebecca Bandmann turned Montana rancher passed away today after which he was buried in Missoula.



    https://www.ci.missoula.mt.us/DocumentCenter/View/739/Bandmann-Daniel?bidId=



    1905: As of today it was reported that the committee which is collecting funds for the relief of Jews suffering from the Russian massacres has raised $660, 756 including $51from the Orthodox Congregation of Erie, PA, $15 from the New London (CT) Ladies’ Aid Society and $720 from the citizens of Wheeling, West Virginia.



    1905: “In view of the very great demand made upon the Jews of America to relieve the sufferings of the victims of the Russian savagery, the Committee on the Celebration of the 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Jews in the United States has resolved to abandon the project of a commemorative monument and will return to the donors to the monument fund all contributions thus far received” with the hope that the money will then be donated to help the Jews of Russia.



    1905: In New York, “not a seat was to be had” during the matinee showing of “The Riots of Kishneff” (Kishinev) which raised $1,506.06 for the relief fund aid the Jews of Russia.



    1905: Tonight, Jacob P. Adler oversaw a production of “King Lear” which raised $1,500 for the Jews of Russia.  Adler gave a speech at the end of the third act in which he asked how they could go with the play “when our minds are upon the atrocities committed our countrymen?  Will we leave out the fourth act?” to which the audience responded with cheers and cries of “yes, yes!”



    1905: A “procession arranged by Joseph Barondess, Abram Wattman and Dr. Simonoff organized “what was probably the most remarkable demonstration that has ever been known on the east side…when fully one hundred thousand Jews turned out” today “to join a procession…formed to mourn the dead slain in the Russian anti-Semitic riots.”



    1905: It was reported today that as the violence against the Jews has continued Percival Menken said “There is far more in this massacre of our race in Russia than is apparent on the surface.  Not until the Jews are restored to their native land and have their own armies and battleships will these persecutions cease. (This is nine years after the First Zionist Congress met and forty years before the Shoah came to an end.)



    1905: It was reported from St. Petersburg, that “dispatches from Southwestern Russia indicate that the Zionist movement has obtained a powerful impetus from the anti-Jewish disorders.”



    1909: The annual meeting of the Civic Federation which features a discussion of old age pensions by a panel including Samuel Gompers came to a close in New York City.



    1911(2nd of Kislev, 5672): Eighty-five year old Rabbi Jacob Hamburger, “the sole author and editor of the first explicitly Jewish Encyclopedia” passed away today.



    1911(2nd of Kislev, 5672): Seventy year old Imperial Councilor and Chief Cantor Josef Singer passed away today.



    1912: It was reported in today’s edition of The Reform Advocate that Congressman Jefferson M Levy has announced that will combat the efforts now being made to acquire Monticello… which he owns, for the United States government and he will not and cannot be forced to part with is property.



    1912: “This evening a memorial meeting for the late David Blaustein is schedule to take placed at the Educational Alliance under the auspices of the Society of Jewish Social workers of Greater New York.



    1912:  The British Consul in Jerusalem continued to complain to the British Ambassador in Constantinople about the British born Jews arriving in his city.  Of the latest batch of 20, only six had means to support themselves while twelve of them were living off of contributions supplied by local Jewish charities.



    1912(2nd of Kislev, 5672): Ninety one year old General Sir Charles D’Aguilar, the son of Lieut. Gen. Sir George D’Aguilar who had “held high office at Bevis Marks” passed away today leaving  an estate valued at £200,000 to be shared by his two daughter.



    1913: Supreme Court Justice Seabury has ordered the sale in foreclosure of the Bijou theatre property on Broadway in a suit brought by Felix M. Warburg, Isaac N. Seligman, Paul M. Warburg and Mortimer L. Schiff as trustees under the will of Alfred M. Heinsheimer against the Bijou Real Estate Company.


    1914: During WW I “A Reuter dispatch from Constantinople by way of Sofia” says that the Porte (Turkish government) has decided to permit Russian Jews resident in Turkey to become Ottoman subjects provided that they do not revert to their former nationality at the end of the war.”  (This had special meaning for the Jews living in Palestine, since a large number of them had come from Russia and were viewed suspiciously by the Turks)


    1914: In New York, The Evening Telegram reported that when German troops “reached the neighborhood of Pabiantze” they appeared to feel already at home” since it “is large people German colonists” and “the rest of the inhabitants are exclusively Jews.”


    1914: The Petrograd (Russia) correspondent of the Morning Post wired London today about friction between the Germans and their Austrian Allies as could be seen by “a stormy council” presided over by the Kaiser during which after “mutual ruminations” had been exchanged the Germans “demanded that Austria should give up every man in defense of East Prussia” while the Austrians demanded “that the Germans should make a serious attempt to save Cracow.”  (Most people think about WW I as being fought in the trenches of the Western Front. Here is a reminder of the fighting on the Eastern Front – fighting which took an unbelievable toll on the Jewish populations of Russia and Austria since the combat was waged in the lands where they were living.)


    1914: According to reports published today the American Jewish Committee contends that 5,000 Jews in Jaffa had applied for permission to become naturalized Turkish subjects out of a total of 25,000 Russian Jews living in the region of Palestine.


    1915: In London, a French delegation led by François-Georges Picot, a professional diplomat with extensive experience in the Levant, and a British delegation led by Sir Arthur Nicolson met to discuss plans for the post-war partition of the Ottoman Empire which would eventually result in the Sykes-Picot Agreement.  (Editor’s Note – You cannot understand what is going on in the Middle East today if you do not understand the origins and nature of this agreement)


    1915: “Praise Sisterhood’s Work” published today included the positive comments made by Chief Magistrate McAdoo about the work done by Sisterhood of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue under the leadership of Mrs. Mortimer Menken “to help wayward Jewish girls in the police courts” as well as to aid neighborhood settlement houses in their activities.


    1915: It was reported today that based on information provided by Jacob H. Schiff and Dr. J.L. Magnes American Jews must raise at least thirty million dollars to aid the approximately five million Jews in who are suffering from the effects of the World War in Russia, Poland, Galicia and Palestine.


    1915: In the manner of a Shiva Minyan, a memorial service will be held again this morning and this evening in honor of Professor Schechter of blessed memory which will be led by the students and faculty of JTS.


    1915: Birthdate of Olmütz native Anton Hare, a passenger on board the St. Louis who survived because he was allowed to disembark in England.


    1916: A wireless message of sympathy was sent by the executive committee of the American Federation of Galician and Bukowinian Jews and the American Federation of Hungarian Jews to the Austrian imperial family following the death this week of Emperor Franz Josef.


    1916: “At a meeting this evening of the executive committee of the American Federation of Galician and Bukowinian Jews and the American Federation of Hungarian Jews it was decided to issue a proclamation calling upon all Jewish congregations and federated bodies to set aside the day of the burial of Emperor Francis Joes for the observation of appropriate services and exercise.”


    1916: Birthdate of Rose Vessel, the daughter of Jewish immigrants from Poland who gained fame as Rose Mattus who along with her husband Reuben founded Häagen-Dazs ice cream business.



    1917: As Imperial forces struggle with the weather and the Ottoman forces in the Judean Hills, the “60th (London) Division commanded by Major General John Shea arrived at Latrun to provide relief for the units that have been worn down by the elements and combat.


    1917: In Roslavi, Russia eight Jews were killed and twenty were wounded during an anti-Semitic riot when the mob looted Jewish opened shops.


    1917: Kozlov and Tiraspol, Russia were the site of “grave anti-Jewish riots.


    1917: A pogrom in Tambov “leads to the total ruin of businesses established by Jewish refugees from the war zone lead the Jewish leaders to ask authorities to give official sanction to a plant to arm a Jewish self-defense corps.”


    1917: Izvestia and Pravda published the full text of Sykes-Picot Agreement which exposed the plans of the French and British to carve up the Ottoman Empire after the World War ended. 


    1917: It was reported today that the recipients of the funds raised by the Federation of Jewish Charites included Mount Sinai Hospital, the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, the Hebrew Technical Institute, the Jewish Big Brothers, the Motefiore Home, the Educational Alliance and many sisterhoods associated with local synagogues and temples.


    1918: In New York Rose Gussin, a shopkeeper and her husband, gave birth to Zelma Gussin who gained fame as California architect Zelma Wilson



    1918: After three days, the Lemberg Pogrom came to an end with 50 to 150 Jewish dead, hundreds more injured and untold loss of property thanks to looting carried out by Polish soldiers and local civilians.


    1918: Felix M. Warburg, Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee of the American Funds for Jewish War Sufferers, announced that organization's decision to hold its New York City campaign designed to raise $5,000,000 to aid Jewish war sufferers during the week starting on December 8 and ending on December 15.


    1920: The New York section of the National Council Women is scheduled to meet today.


    1920: Birthdate of poet and Holocaust survivor Paul Celan who used the pseudonym of Paul Antschel.


    Death is a gang-boss aus Deutchland his eye is blue


    he hits you with leaden bullets his aim is true


    there's a man in this house your golden hair Margareta


    he sets his dogs on our trail he gives us a grave in the sky


    he cultivates snakes he dreams Death is a gang-boss aus Deutschland


    (from 'A Death Fugue')


    1920: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise is scheduled to deliver “an address on ‘Henry Ford’s Challenge and a Jew’s Reply’” today at “the regular monthly meeting of the New York Section council of Jewish Women” being held at Temple B’nai Jeshurun.


    1920: “Mrs. Frederick Wakeham, the historian of the Society for Political Study” is scheduled to deliver the first of a series of lectures to the New York Section of the Council of Jewish Women that will help them understand their role in voting.


    1921: Churchill offers to send a warship to help Herbert Samuel, the High Commissioner, collect the fines levied against the Arabs in Jaffa who had rioted and attacked Jews in villages surrounding the ancient port.


    1922: The silent movie, Hungry Hearts  produced by the Goldwyn Company and based on a book of the same name written by Anzia Yezierska opened in New York City on Thanksgiving.


    1922: At today’s session of the Conference of Lausanne which was supposed to modify the Treaty Sevres which dismembered the Ottoman Empire, Lord Curzon, the British Foreign Secretary clashed with Ismet Pasha a member of the Turkish delegation that included Chief Rabbi Nahum.


    1923: Birthdate of Jerrold Lewis "Jerry" Bock, an American musical theatre composer. He received the Tony Award for Best Musical and the Pulitzer Prize for Drama with Sheldon Harnick for their 1959 musical Fiorello! and the Tony Award for Best Composer and Lyricist for the 1965 musical Fiddler on the Roof with Harnick.


    1924: The Price of a Party featuring Dagmar Gadowsky the daughter of Leopold Godowsky.


    1924: Herzliya was founded as a moshav. It has since become a flourishing town on the Mediterranean coast. 


    1924: In Irvington, NJ, Fannie and Harry Yablonsky gave birth to sociologist Lewis Yablonsky.



    1925: In New York, opera singer Hannah Mandel and garment manufacturer Albert Mandel gave birth to award winning composer and arranger Johnny Mandel whose work include the theme for M*A*S*H ---“Suicide Is Painless”


    1928: In New Haven, CT, George Bock and the former Peggy Alpert gave birth to Jerrold Lewis Bock, the man who composed such Broadway hits as “Fiddler on the Roof,” “Fiorello!” and “She Loves Me.”


    1929: After 407 performances the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “Whoopee!” a musical with lyrics by Gus Kahn and starring Eddie Cantor as “Henry Williams.”


    1930(3rd of Kislev, 5691): Eighty-three year old Russian born American “Hebrew Poet” Israel Fine who was “an intimate friend of President Roosevelt” and the author of “Ode to America” which was “written in Hebrew on the occasion of the centennial celebration of ‘The Star-Spangled Banner’ in 1914” passed away today.



    1932: “The Wonderful Day” a comedy film produced by the brothers of Bernard Natan and Emile Natan was released today in France.


    1935: In New York City, Milton and Abby Goldsmith gave birth to “critic and classical pianist” Harris Goldsmith.



    1935: “Stars Over Broadway,” a musical produced by Samuel Bischoff, with a screenplay co-written by Jerry Wald and Julius Epstein was released in the United States by Warner Brothers.


    1936(9thof Kislev, 5697): Sixty-two year old Samuel Jacob Jatzkan, the Lithuanian born rabbi turned publisher who was an early support of Herzl passed away today after suffering a heart attack in Paris.



    1936: Life, the photo journalism magazine, created by Henry R. Luce, was first published. In the days before television, webcams, the internet and the myriad of other ways we have a recording and sending pictures, Life, with it large splash, creative or documentary like images was the major window on the world for millions of Americans.  It was the photographers who made Life the magazine it was and some of the most famous were Jewish including Alfred Eisenstaedt who shot “The Kiss,” Robert Capa who shot “Death of a Loyalist Soldier” as well as the first still photos of first wave at Omaha Beach, Cornell Capa who photographed Grandma Moses and Margaret Bourke-White who snapped “Working Atop the Chrysler Building.”          


    1937: In the tenth day of the Arnold Bernstein’s trial before the Hamburg Emergency Court, the German-Jewish shipping magnate is charged by the the prosecution with “exchange irregularities in connection with 2,000,000 marks loaned by the Chemical National Bank of New York.  The trial was part of a ploy by the Nazi government to assume control of Arnold Bernstein & Red Star Line.


    1938: In a memorandum to Winston Churchill correspondents in Europe quote Hitler as saying, “he wanted eliminate from German life the Jews, the Churches and suppress private industry.  After that, he would turn to foreign policy again.”


    1938: It was reported today that, “The movement started only a week ago by Palestine Jewry to adopt children from Germany is spreading with amazing rapidity.  Following a suggestion made by Israel Rokach, Mayor of Tel Aviv…to members of the Jewish Women’s Labor Federation” have already “volunteered to adopt refugee children.”  The National council of Palestine Jewry had set a goal of adopting 5,000 children but given the quick positive response the goal will be met and exceeded.


    1938: Violinist Mischa Elman played “Larghetto Lamentoso” during Leopold Godowsky’s funeral which was held in Manhattan today.  Godowsky was the composer of this piece of music. Music critic Leonard Liebling described the late composer as “a citizen of the world” and “a great and patient teacher of music…” (Godowsky, Elman and Liebling were all Jewish.)



    1938: In a column published today Leopold Godowsky was described as “a unique figure among all his contemporaries: a phenomenal pianist and a musician of the most exceptional attributes.”


    1939: At 2:30 pm WEVD is scheduled to present a program of “Jewish Melodies.”


    1939: “Measure Meets Strong Opposition in Upper House” published today described the split in Hungary with House of Deputies approving the government’s Land Reform Bill which would first be felt by non-resident Jews whose estates would be the first to be broken up and those in the Upper House who oppose the bill that “would allot 1,500,000 acres to small tenants.”


    1939: In Baltimore, at the annual convention of the Junior Hadassah, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise told his audience “that American Jews who really believed in democracy had no choice but to support the establishment of a Jewish commonwealth in Palestine.”


    1939: “Jung Denies Link to Nazi Organizations” published today described testimony by Harry A. Jung, an American anti-Semite before the House Committee on un-American Activities in which he claimed never to have corresponded with Oscar C. Pfaus and Anna Bogenholm who wanted to start a paper called The National American Patriot that would play a key role “in recovering our country from control of the Jews..”


    1939: “The National Catholic Welfare Council said today” that during the two years since January, 1937 the Episcopal Committee from Refugees from Germany has handled the cases of 2,756 refugees “the majority of whom “are of Jewish extraction.”


    1939: In Nazi-occupied Poland, Frank ordered that “All Jews and Jewesses within the Government-General who are over ten years of age are required to wear . . . the Star of David.


    1940: All Jewish professors of the Utrecht University were dismissed, among them the Dutch mathematician Julius Wolff.


    1940: Newpaper visited Abu Sinan, a village north of Nazareth, where they investigated reports that Helen Yussef Nicola, an 8 year old Arab girl whose parents are devout Greek Orthodox, has been responsible for miraculous healings including cures “of a crippled Arab boy and a crippled Jewish boy from Tel Aviv.”  Over the last two weeks, “hundreds of Christians, Moslems and Jews have visited Helen and come away allegedly convince of her curative capacities.”


    1941:  Cherna Berkowitz describes the arrival of refugees at Dorohoi at Transnistria. "The deportations resumed. Women, elderly people and so many children in the freezing cold. With each passing day their numbers dwindle as more of them die.” Dorohoi, people say, “We send the children to give the newcomers some warm tea. They return with horror stories. The men were all at work when they deported the women and children. We have one woman with three small children, one of whom is not yet weaned. All she has are rags and a few pennies in her pocket. The soldiers round up the arrivals and order them to march on."


    1941: Thirty thousand Jews are killed at Odessa, Ukraine. "


    1942(14thof Kislev, 5703): Seventy-eight year old the Netherlands native Louis Sachs, the son of Jacques Löehman Sachs and Rebekka de Jonge  and husband of Emma Sachs was murdered by the Nazis at Auschwitz


    1942: Hitler: Man of Strife by Ludwig Wagner the first full-length biography about the Nazi dictator to appear in the United States since the publication of “Hitler” by Konrad Heiden in 1936 was published today.


    1942: “My Sister Eileen,” a comedy written by Joseph A. Field and Jerome Chodorov and produced by George S. Kaufman which had opened on Broadway at the Biltmore Theatre, transferred to the Ritz Theatre where it opened tonight.


    1943: One hundred and fifty Jewish partisans escape from Occupied Kovno, Lithuania, and head eastward into the Rudninkai Forest.


    1943: In one of the most bizarre moments in WW II the following a British bombing raid on Berlin, the damage report of the police commissioner of the Nazi capital recorded a strike on the New Synagogue. 


    1943: Birthdate of Andrew Goodman who worked as a volunteer in the voter right’s registration movement in Mississippi in the summer of 1964. He and two of his fellow volunteers would be murdered that summer in Neshoba County.  It would take years to finally bring their killers to justice.  This brutal murder was one of the many events that helped bring about the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964.  That fall, Mississippi would show its displeasure with this change in events by voting for Barry Goldwater, the Republican candidate for President who opposed the Civil Rights Act.  This election would mark a turning point in American history providing the Republican Party with its political base.  


    1944: “Three Is a Family” a comedy based on a play by Henry and Phoebe Ephron was released in the United States today.


    1944: In New York City, “Selma Judith (née Levy), a president of The League of Women Voters and a moderator of political debates on NBC and  Irwin Lionel Toback, a stockbroker and former vice president of Dreyfus & Company” gave birth to “screenwriter, director and author” James Lee Tobck


    1944:Over the next four days, Swiss consulate officials Leopold Breszlauer and Ladislaus Kluger issue about 300 protective documents to Hungarian Jews gathered at the Hungarian-Austrian border.


    1944: Birthdate of Joe Eszterhas, the Hungarian-American author, who cut his father out his life entirely what at age 45 he learned “his father had concealed his collaboration in the Hungarian Nazi government and that he had "organized book burnings and had cranked out the vilest anti-Semitic propaganda imaginable."


    1945: Ruth and Moshe Dayan give birth to Asaf "Assi" Dayan, an Israeli film director, actor, screenwriter and producer.



    1945:  Birthdate of comedian Steve Landesberg.  Born in the Bronx, Landesberg is best known for his portrayal of Dietrich, the cerebral detective on in the television sitcom, Barney Miller.


    1946: Fawi Husseini, cousin of Arab Higher Committee chairman, is killed by Arabs for selling land to Jews.


    1947(1st of Cheshvan, 5770): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan


    1947: Der Tog(The Day) began publishing a serialized version of Oyf Fremde Vegn(On Foreign Roads), a novel of Jewish life in America, today


    1947:U.S. Army chaplain, Rabbi Mayer Abramowitz married Holocaust survivor Rachel Abramowitz married at Berlin.  They had first met at one of the DP camps General Eisenhower had established for Jewish survivors of the Shoah following clashes in camps shared between survivors and those they recognized as murderers. To Eisenhower’s credit, he found that “The situation was unbearable” and moved to remedy it.


    1947:  Eliezer Sukenik an outstanding archaeologist and text expert on the faculty of Jerusalem's Hebrew University first received word of the existence of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The documents, dating between 200 BC and AD 70, had been accidentally discovered earlier that winter by two Bedouin shepherds in the vicinity of Qumran.  Sukenik was able to purchase three of the scrolls they had found, the War Scroll, the Thanksgiving Scroll and a small Scroll of Isaiah.  The Great Scroll of Isaiah had already been purchased the Metropolitan Stephen, of St. Mark’s Church.  In one of the strange twists of fate, Yigal Yadin, Sukenik’s son, would arrange for the purchase of the Scroll of Isaiah and three other scrolls in 1954.  The purchase began with a simple newspaper ad in the Wall Street Journal, “Miscellaneous For Sale…Four Dead Sea Scrolls.” Yadin knew the importance of the items and arranged for a loan of a quarter of a million dollars (a large sum in those days, especially for the infant state of Israel) to bring them back to their ancestral home.  The secrets of the Dead Sea Scrolls are still being unlocked by scholars to this day.  Considering that the acquisition of the scrolls began against the backdrop of the Partition of Palestine and the Israeli War for Independence, there is enough adventure here for an Indiana Jones style movie.


    1948: In today’s session of the UN General Assembly's Political and Security Committee, Dr. Philip C. Jessup suggests that both Bernadotte and UN partition plans be considered in fixing Israeli boundaries. Israel would keep Galilee and pan: of Negev.


    1948: Sharp tongued journalist H.L. Mencken whose diaries revealed a streak of anti-Semitism which did not keep him being “close friends” with Alfred Knopf and Ben Hecht, praising the work of Ayn Rand or that asserted that “books such as Caught Short! A Saga of Wailing Wall Street by Eddie Cantor (ghost-written by David Freedman) did more to pull America out of the Great Depression than all government measures combined” “suffered a stroke, which left him aware and fully conscious but nearly unable to read or write and able to speak only with difficulty.”


    1948: During the War for Independence, Israeli forces launched Operation Lot in the “eastern Negev and Arava.”


    1948: Aubrey S. Eban (Abba Eban) defended Jewish claims to both the Galilee and Negev.


    1948: Israel forms a reserve forced made up of men aged 40 to 45.


    1949: Israeli forces made their way through the Negev Desert to the isolated outpost at Sodom (the Biblical Sodom) on the Dead Sea which had been cut off from any overland contact for more than six months.  Their success in reaching Sodom extended the boundaries of the new state of Israel 20 miles further south and east.


    1950: As of this date 80,000 Jews were reported to be waiting to leave Iraq.


    1950: In Brooklyn, exterminator Abraham Schumer and the former Selma Rosen gave birth to Charles Ellis Schumer better known as New York Senator Chuck Schumer.


    1951: In London Diana, née Schneiderman and Mark Rapport, “a taxi driver” gave birth to David Stephen Rapport.




    1951: “Superman and the Mole Men” a film directed by Lee Sholem and based on characters created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster was released in the United States today.


    1953: “Three Sailors and a Girl,” a musical film based on George S. Kaufman’s “The Butter and Egg Man” produced by Sammy Cahn who created the music along with Sammy Fain and with a script co-authored by Devery Freeman was released today in the United States.


    1956 (19th of Kislev): Birthdate of Elliot R. Wolfson, author of Open Secret: Postmessianic Messianism and the Mystical Revision of Menachem Mendel Schneerson


     1956(19th of Kislev):: On Friday night, Rabbi Schneerson, "The Rebbe," delivers "a learned discourse on kabbalistic themes to mark the 19th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev...the Lubavitch 'Day of Redemption.'"


    1956: "An inflammatory proclamation was read in all mosques in Egypt declaring 'All Jews are Zionists and enemies of the State.'"


    1958: Birthdate of Jerusalem native Izhar Ashdot, the singer-songwriter and co-founder of the rock bank T-Slam.


    1958(11th of Kislev, 5719): Fifty-four year old comedian Harry Einstein, who had begun his career writing for Eddie Cantor died from a heart attack at a Friars Club of Beverly Hills Roast of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz today in Los Angeles, California.


    1958: “The Inn of the Sixth Happiness” a biopic for which Mark Robson “received an Academy Award for Best Director nomination” was released today in the United States.


    1959: David Susskind produced The White Stage, this week’s selection for “The Play of the Week.”


    1963: Congregants of Agudas Achim in Austin, TX who had been planning to dedicated their new building today – an event that was to include a visiting from Vice President Lyndon Johnson – “gathered to mourn the death of John F. Kennedy and pray for their old friend Lyndon Johnson;”


    1964: “Bajour” a musical featuring Herschel Bernardi and Herbert Edelman opened on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre.


    1964(12th of Kislev, 5681): Abraham Lieber, the father of Ronald and Dr. Leon Lieber passed away today in Ponca City, OK.


    1967: Edward and Peter Bronfman made the opening statements at Congregation Shaar Hashomayim when the Library Museum, which was a gift in honor of their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Allan Bronfman was formally opened today.


    1968: After 1, 234 performances, the curtain came down on the Broadway production of “Cactus Flower” a farce written by Abe Burrows.


    1970: Birthdate of Oded Feher.  Born in Tel Aviv he lived there until he was age 18 when he joined the Israel Navy for 3 years. At the completion of his National Service duty, he went to Europe to pursue a business career but instead of business, he discovered acting. He went to the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School in England. Oded appeared as Don Juan in a production of Don Juan Comes Back From War at the Courtyard Theatre in London.  He has also appeared in both The Knock and Killer Net on British Television.  In his Breakout Role, Fehr played the role of Ardeth Bay in his first major screen role, The Mummy, a 1999 Universal release.


    1972: Birthdate of Christopher James Adler,an American drummer, best known as a member of the metal band Lamb of God. He is the older brother to bandmate and guitarist Willie Adler.


    1973(28th of Cheshvan, 5734): Mezzo-soprano Jennie Tourel passed away. Leonard Bernstein paid her tribute in a eulogy at her funeral, saying, ‘when Jennie opened her mouth, God spoke.’”



    1973: Following a cerebral hemorrhage that he suffered on November 18, David Ben Gurion stopped improving and his condition began to deteriorate today.


    1974: During the height of the Cold War and the fight to “free Russian Jews,” “at a meeting in Vladivostok, USSR, U.S. President Ford and Soviet leader Brezhnev negotiated arms control.”


    1975: Dr. Mikhail Stern was reported to be seriously ill in prison.


    1976: Soviet authorities searched the apartments of “the organizers of the symposium on Jewish culture including Benjamin Fain, Vladimir Prestin, Pavel Abramovich, Vladimir Lazaris, Iosif Begun and Eliyahu Essas.


    1983: Seventy-nine year old Ukrainian poet Mykola Bazhan whose 1943 poem “Babi Yar” “explicitly depicted the infamous massacre in the ravine” but does not mention the fact that the victims were Jews passed away today.



    1987: About 100 Soviet Jews, united by their inability to emigrate, crowded into a two-room apartment today to discuss state secrets: the secrets that keep them from leaving the Soviet Union, the secret process by which the holders of secrets are identified, and the reason the secrets themselves are secret. 1988: “Cocoon – The Return” a sequel co-starring Jack Gilford and Steve Guttenberg was released in the United States today.


    1988: “Scrooged” a comedic version “The Christmas Carol” directed and co-produced by Richard Donner with a screenplay co-authored by Mitch Glazer and music by Danny Elfman was released in the United States today.


    1989(25th of Cheshvan, 5750): Ninety-three year old art dealer Sidney Janis passed away today. (As reported by Grace Glueck)



    1990: “Mr. and Mrs. Bridge” a film version of the novel with the same name starring Paul Newman and featuring Melissa Newman was released in the United States today.


    1991: “Israel Has Its Nuclear Demons” published today provides a review of The Samson Option by Seymour Hersh.



    1994(20thof Kislev, 5755): Eighty three year old Oscar winning orchestrator and conductor Irwin Kostal passed away today.



    1994: “The Pagemaster” an animated horror film co-starring Leonard Nimoy and with music by James Horner was released in the United States today.


    1997: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Tuesday’s With Morrie: An Old Man, a Young Man, and Life's Greatest Lesson by Mitch Albom, Banjo Eyes: Eddie Cantor and the Birth of Modern Stardom by Herbert G. Goldman and A History of the Twentieth Century Volume 1: 1900-1933 by Martin Gilbert



    2000(25th of Cheshvan, 5761): A powerful car bomb killed two Israelis and wounded scores during rush hour in the coastal city of Hadera this evening.


    2000(25thof Cheshvan, 5761):Sgt. Samar Hussein, 19, of Hurfeish, was killed when Palestinian snipers opened fire at soldiers patrolling the border fence near the Erez crossing.


    2000(25thof Cheshvan, 5761): Lt. Edward Matchnik, 21, of Beersheba, was killed in an explosion at the District Coordination Office near Gush Katif in the Gaza Strip.


    2000(25thof Cheshvan, 5761): Sixty-nine year old Clarence Yale Palitz, Jr. the Chairman of the Board  of Financial Federal Corporation and patron of the arts who is survived by his wife Anka passed away today.



    2001(8thof Kislev, 5762): Sixty-four year old major league pitcher Robert “Bo” Belinsky, whose mother was Jewish passed away today.



    2001: An Israeli helicopter fired two missiles at a van in the West Bank, killing Mahmoud Abu Hanoud, a leading member of Hamas, the Islamic terror organization.


    2003: The Al Hirschfeld Theatre which had been renamed in honor of his talents and long career reopened on with a revival of the musical Wonderful Town. Hirschfeld was also honored with a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame.


    2003: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest In Praise of Nepotism: A Natural Historyby Adam Bellow and The Media and The War co-edited by Marvin Kalb


    2004(10th of Kislev, 5765):Rafael Eitan, a former Israeli Army chief of staff and government minister who was reprimanded after Lebanese Christian allies of Israel massacred Palestinian refugees in 1982, drowned today after being swept into stormy seas. He was 75. Mr. Eitan was a war hero whom Prime Minister Ariel Sharon called "a comrade-in-arms and a friend." But Mr. Eitan's reputation, like Mr. Sharon's, was blighted by the killing of hundreds at the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps near Beirut while Israeli forces stood by. Mr. Sharon called Mr. Eitan's life "the story of this country." Mr. Eitan, known as Raful, was born in 1929 in Tel Adashim, a communal farm, and at 16 he joined the Palmach, an elite fighting force of the Haganah that later became the foundation for the new state's army. A paratrooper and pilot, he fought in all of Israel's wars and was wounded four times. He was appointed chief of staff in 1978.Mr. Eitan was known as a blunt talker and strict disciplinarian who would always meet his troops returning from night raids against the Palestine Liberation Organization in Lebanon. He also established programs to bring poor youths into the army to integrate them better into Israeli society. In civilian life, Mr. Eitan was a carpenter and olive farmer. He was also a politician of the right who formed a hard-line party, Tzomet, when he left the army. He opposed withdrawal from Sinai and other interim peace deals with the Palestinians, whom he once called "drugged cockroaches in a bottle." He was elected to Parliament many times and served as agriculture minister, environment minister and deputy prime minister in various governments. His party later joined Likud, which Mr. Sharon currently leads. Mr. Eitan left politics to work in his olive grove and build rocking horses at his wood shop in his birthplace, and in recent years had gone back to work as an adviser and construction coordinator for the Ashtrom company, which is improving the breakwater at the port in Ashdod. This morning about 7, Mr. Eitan was examining storm damage at the breakfront and talking to the company on a cellphone when he was apparently swept off the breakwater by the sea, the police said. He was found by police and naval personnel aided by a helicopter, but paramedics were unable to revive him. (As reported by Steven Erlanger)


    2005: Labor Party MK Ophir Pines-Paz completed his service as Minister of Internal Affairs.


    2005: Major General (Ret) Matan Vilnai completed his term as Science, Technology and Space Minister


    2005: Ariel Sharon began his second term as Minister of Internal Affairs.


    2005: Shimon Peres completes his term in office as Vice Prime Minister.


    2005: Dalia Itzik, who will become the first women to serve as Speaker of the Knesset, completed her term as Communications Minister of Israel.


    2005: Isaac Herzog completed his term as Minister of Housing and Construction.


    2005: Eli Ben-Menachem completed his term as Deputy Minister of Housing and Construction


    2005: After playing in the first ten games of the season, today, offensive lineman Lennie Friedman was placed on waivers by the Washington Redskins today.


    2005:A decision by a Federal appeals court opens the way for settlement payouts for Austrian Jews. Deferring to US foreign policy interests, a federal appeals court has tossed out a class-action lawsuit by Austrian Jewish victims of the Nazi regime in a ruling that may clear the way for payouts from a 2001 settlement fund.  In a 2-to-1 ruling Tuesday, the 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals said it was "particularly mindful" of the federal government's statement that dismissing the case would advance its relations with Austria, Israel and Western, Central and Eastern European nations. The lawsuit was the final case holding up implementation of an agreement with Austria that established a fund to compensate Austrian Jews whose property was confiscated during the Nazi era and World War II, the appeals court said. Distributions from the Austrian compensation fund were contingent on dismissal of the case. The fund included $150 million to cover certain property claims


    2005: The IDF unveiled the tombstones of five soldiers including two American volunteers, who fell in a battle for Latrun in the War of Independence at Jerusalem's Mount Herzl military cemetery after positively identifying their remains which had been resting in a mass grave. The five soldiers being honored were Pvt. Menachem “Mendel’ Math, Cpl. Shlomo Berber, Pvt. Yehuda "Jerry" Kaplan, Pvt. Ya'akov Shnawiss (who changed his name to Sheleg Lavan), and Pvt. Moshe Hessman. Math and Kaplan were members of MACHAL.” During the War of Independence, some 3,500 volunteers from 37 different countries rallied to Israel's defense. These young men and women, Jews as well as non-Jews, were known as MACHAL (Mitnadvei Chutz-La'Arets)- the Hebrew acronym for overseas volunteers. Many of the volunteers had been members of Jewish underground movements in Palestine and abroad before the State was proclaimed, or had served as crew members on Aliya Bet ships running the British naval blockade to bring Holocaust survivors to the shores of the Land of Israel. Most overseas volunteers were veterans of World War II; their skills and expertise were crucial - often decisive - for the newly-formed Israel Defense Forces, on land, at sea and in the air. These men and women fought valiantly and served with distinction in every branch of the IDF, including infantry, artillery, armor, the air force, the navy, the medical corps and the signals corps, often in key positions. Overseas volunteers came with a high sense of purpose and a shared feeling of pride and privilege in knowing they were helping to create and to defend a Jewish homeland. After the war, most returned to their home countries, but about 500 settled in Israel and raised families. One hundred and nineteen overseas volunteers lost their lives in Israel's struggle for independence: four of them were women; eight were non-Jews. Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, said: "The participation of...men and women of other nations in our struggle cannot be measured only as additional manpower, but as an exhibition of the solidarity of the Jewish people...without the assistance, the help and the ties with the entire Jewish people, we would have accomplished naught...some of our most advanced services might not have been established were it not for the professionals who came to us from abroad..."


    2006: Americans gather together to celebrate Thanksgiving. The holiday is based on two traditions: the English Harvest Home and the Biblical Sukkoth.  The Pilgrims were a deeply religious people who saw themselves as modern Israelites fleeing their own Pharaoh so they could worship their One true God.  The New World was synonymous with the Promised Land.  So it was only to be expected that when looking for a way of expressing thanks for a bountiful harvest, they would turn to the Bible and fashion a week long holiday in the manner of Sukkoth.


    2006(2nd of Kislev, 5767): Betty Comden passed away at the age of 89.  She was a writer, who with longtime collaborator Adloph Green created the lyrics and the librettos for some of the most celebrated musicals of stage and screen


    2006: “Nagasaki, an oratorio composed by Soviet composer Alfred Schnittke” the son of Frankfurt born Jewish journalist Harry Viktorovich Schnittke premiered in Cape Town, eight years after the composer had passed away.


    2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, violinist and singer Sameer Makhoul performs with French double bassist Joelle Leandre.


    2008: In a visit sponsored by Alive Productions, Randy Newman performs in Tel Aviv's Hamishkan Leomanuyot Habama (performing arts house).


    2008:At Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, following a dinner, Rabbi Lane Steinger, Regional Director, Union for Reform Judaism, Midwest Council, facilitates adiscussion will concerning interfaith families and the challenges they may face with the upcoming winter holiday season.


    2008: In Chicago, on the 500th anniversary of the birth of John Calvin, the Spertus presents a lecture entitled “Calvin and the Jews” in which Dr. Dean Bell, Chief Academic University at Spertus, explores Calvin’s and his impact on Christian/Jewish Relations.


    2008: At the Shirlington Branch Public Library, journalist Michaele Weissman discusses and signs her new book, God in a Cup: The Obsessive Quest for the Perfect Coffee.


    2008: The New York Times featured a the review of a biography of the Jewish born creator of the Follies entitled Ziegfeld: The Man Who Invented Show Businessby Ethan Mordden.


    2008: The Washington Post book section included reviews of the latest addition to the Holocaust Literature genre, The Journal of Hélène Berr,translated from the French by David Bellos and two books that recount “the making of modern Hebrew”:Resurrecting Hebrew by Ilan Stavans and Yehuda Amichai” The Making of Israel's National Poet by Nili Scharf Gold.


    2009 Lord Nigel Lawson became chairman of a new think tank, the Global Warming Policy Foundation, a registered education charity


    2009: The Jewish Federation of the Quad Cities and the Moline Public Library sponsor an address by Israeli Ambassador Asher Naim who will speak on “The Behind the Scenes Story of Operation Solomon: The Exodus of Ethiopian Jews to Israel”.


    2009 (6 Kislev, 5770): Eighty-year old Fred Silberstein, a survivor of Auschwitz who gave evidence at the Nuremberg Trials passed away today in New Zealand. Silberstein, who was 14 when he was taken to Auschwitz in 1943, spent much of his life educating people in New Zealand about the horrors of the Holocaust and the subsequent dangers of racism. The president of the New Zealand Jewish Council, Stephen Goodman, described him as a righteous person. “For 60 years he worked tirelessly bearing witness to the horrors of the Holocaust,” Goodman said. “He was a modest and humble man.” Silberstein survived operations by Nazi “doctor” Josef Mengele, called the “Angel of Death,” and avoided near-certain death by telling camp guards he was 15 and able to do manual labor. His evidence at the Nuremburg Trials in 1946 helped to convict Nazi leaders such as Hermann Göring and Rudolf Heß. He moved to New Zealand in 1948.


    2009 (6 Kislev, 5770): Ninety-one year old Max Eisen, a Broadway press agent from the days when feeding tidbits of gossip to columnists like Walter Winchell and staging stunts were standard practice for stirring up a bit more box-office appeal, passed away today.  (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)



    2009: Israeli author Naomi Frenkel is to be laid to rest on Kibbutz Beit Alfa at 2 p.m. today three days after dying at Sheba Medical Center on her 91st birthday. 


    2010: Kathleen Straus is scheduled to be honored with the Jewish Community Lifetime Achievement Award by the Detroit American Jewish Committee.


    2010: Dwight Garner’s list of the “Top 10 Books of 2010” included books written by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “ Simon Wiesentahl: The Life and Legends”  by Tom Segev, “Letters” by Saul Bellow; edited by Benjamin Taylor, “Cleopatra: A Life” by Stacy Schiff, Crisis Economics: A Crash Course in the Future of Finance” co-authored by Nouriel Roubini, “Super Sad True Love Story by Gary Shteyngart, “Operation Mincemeat: How a Dead Man and a Bizarre Plan Fooled the Nazis and Assured an Allied Victory” by Ben Macintyre, one of the most successful disinformation operations of the 20th century which was masterminded by Ewen Montagu, a leading member of the UK’s Jewish community.


    2010: This afternoon at JFK airport in New York City, a Holocaust survivor was reunited with the Polish man who rescued her from the Nazis, after not having seen one another for 65 years. Wladyslaw Misiuna, 85, from Poland, and Sara Marmurek, 88, from Canada had not seen each other since the war.


    2010(16th of Kislev, 5771): Seventy three year old Ingrid Pitt,long celebrated as the first lady of British horror cinema, who starred in sanguinary classics of the 1970s like “The Vampire Lovers,” “Countess Dracula” and “The House That Dripped Blood,” died today in London. (As reported by Margalit Fox)



    2011: The Israeli Folk Dance Thanksgiving Marathon is scheduled to begin at 9 pm at the 92ndSt Y in Manhattan.


    2011:Rabbi Nava Hefetz, Educational Director at Rabbis for Human Rights is scheduled to be the  guest speaker at the first session of the Adult Education series at the West London Synagogue.


    2011:The IDF identified Bedouin smugglers on the southern border trying to infiltrate Israel from Egypt, and a firefight erupted between the two sides tonight.


    2011: Recent archeological excavations in Jerusalem show that, contrary to popular understanding, King Herod was not solely responsible for constructing the Western Wall. Israel's Antiques Authority announced today that the discovery of a mikveh (ritual bath) alongside Jerusalem's ancient drainage channel challenges the conventional archaeological perception that Herod built the wall in its entirety, saying it is now evident that construction was completed at least 20 years after Herod's death (believed to be in 4 BCE).


    2011:The threat of another political murder exists in Israel, Public Security Minister Yitzhak Aharonovitch told the Knesset today. Aharonovitch's statement came in response to a query from MK Isaac Herzog (Labor) following the repeated harassment of activist Hagit Ofran and the Peace Now organization.


    2012: “Oy Vey! The Play” a comedy about a wealthy widow, her three daughters, her son, her Rabbi is scheduled to be performed at The Lion Theatre in New York City.


    2012(9th of Kislev, 5773): Seventy-four year old Devorah Krinsky “ the wife of Rabbi Yehuda Krinsky, secretary to the late Lubavitcher rebbe Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson” whom she married in 1957 passed away. (As reported by JTA)


    2012: "Seeds of Resiliency," a new film directed and produced by Susan Polis Schutz, the granddaughter of Russian Jewish immigrants is scheduled to open tonight at the Quad Cinema in NYC.


    2012: Memorial services were held for Art Ginsburg, the American television chef known as Mr. Food, “were held at B'nai Aviv Synagogue in Weston” after which he was buried at Beth David Memorial Gardens in Hollywood, Florida


    2012: National Yiddish Theater Presents "The Golden Land" at the Baruch Performing Arts Center


    2012: Rain fell from the North to the Negev today morning with scattered showers and isolated thunderstorms forecasted to continue throughout the day.


    2012: Hamas Islamists enforced a fragile two-day-old truce on today by evacuating Palestinians from a "no-go" border zone after IDF gunfire across the Gaza border killed one Palestinian and wounded several others.


    2013: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host a performance of the Klezmer Nutcracker Holiday Concert.


    2013: As part of the Murra Blackman Memoril Weekend, Rabbi Sheldon Zimmerman delivers a Shabbat sermon “What is the Most Important Verse in the Torah?” followed by an afternoon talk “The Two Happiest Days in Judaism – What are they? A Taste of Talmud” (As reported by the Crescent City Jewish News)


    2013: Israeli soldiers “fired rubber bullets at a group of Palestinians who were throwing stones at them during a day in which three Arabs were arrested by Israeli forces near the security barrier separating the Jewish state from the Gaza after they had snuck across the border near Kibbutz Be'eri. (As reported by Gil Roen)


    2013(20thof Kislev, 5774): Seventy-seven year old philanthropist and businessman Dov Lautman lost his battle with ALS today.




    2013(20thof Kislev, 5774): Eight year old Peter B. Lewis, the former Chairman of Progressive Insurance Company passed away.



    2014: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback editions of An Officer and a Spy, Robert Harris’ “novelization of the Dreyfus affair” and Memories of a Marriage by Louis Begley.


    2014: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to present “Poetry & Prose Workshop” with Willa Schneberg.


    2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “No One Remembers Alone: Memory, Migration, and the Making of an American Family.”


    2014: Eighteenth annual UK Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end.


    2014: The Chabad Partners Conference is scheduled to be held at the Brooklyn Marriott Hotel



    2014: A live broadcast from the Conference of Chabad-Lubavitch Emissaries, a group that includes Rabbi Pinchas Ciment who has been a lamplighter par excellence in Arkansas for over two decades, is scheduled to take place this afternoon.



    2014(1stof Kislev, 5775): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    2014(1stof Kislev, 5775): Sixty-five year old Allan Kornblum, the founder of Coffee House Press passed away today.



    2014: By a vote of 14 to 6 “the cabinet approved a controversial proposal today to define Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people in a constitutional Basic Law.” (As reported by Spencer Ho)


    2014: “Riots follow Sakhnin’s 1:0 victory over Beitar in soccer match.


    2015: In Potomac, MD, Congregation Har Shalom is scheduled to host a lecture by Rabbi Reuven Hammer on “Akiva: Living and Dying for Love.”


    2015: The New England Patriots football team observed a minute of silence before its game tonight in memory of 18 year old Sharon, MA native Ezra Schwartz who was murder by a terrorist while distributing food packages soldiers to Israeli soldiers. (As reported by Raoul Wootliff and Marissa Newman)


    2015: “Thanksgiving – A Holiday of Family and Foods



    2015: In London, The Jewish Museum is scheduled to host a talk by curator Joanne Rosenthal on the exhibition “Blood” which “draws together manuscripts, prints, Jewish ritual and ceremonial objects, art, film, literature and cultural ephemera to present a rich exploration of how blood can unite and divide, reflecting on over 2,000 years of history.”


    2016(22nd of Cheshvan, 5777): Eighty-six year old British comedy start Andrew Sachs passed away today.



     


    2016: “The Tenth Man” and “The Last Laugh” are scheduled to be shown in Melbourne, Australia as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


     


    2016: “The Settlers” and “Alone in Berlin” are scheduled to be shown inSydney, Australia as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2017: “The Heir” and “A Quiet Heart” are scheduled to be shown at the 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: In the spirit of having something for everything, The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host “Chinese Night” for the hungry preceded by a continuation of a discussion of  Masechet Megilla as part of the in depth study Gemara study program


    2017: In the United States – Thanksgiving






    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Jonathan Sarna whose works included American Judaism: A History and When General Grant Expelled The Jews continues today.


    2018: Paula Vogel’s “Indecent” a play which “recounts the controversy surrounding the play God of Vengeance by Sholem Asch, which was produced on Broadway in 1923” is scheduled to open at the Arena Stage in Washington, DC.


    2018: “Professor Avigdor Shinan and invited guests” are scheduled to “join Israel Museum curators to bring the weekly haftarah to light.”


    2018: The Village East Cinema is scheduled to host a screening of “Family in Transition” which tells “the story of a family in Nahariya…whose lives change after their parent comes out as a transgender woman.”


    2018: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to host the opening of the “9thAnnual Sigid Celebration” where attendees will enjoy a traditional Kosher Ethiopian Shabbat Dinner.”


    2018: While Israelis may not officially celebrate Thanksgiving, they are scheduled to hit the shops for “Black Friday.”




     


     



     



     


     


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    November 24


    166 BCE: According to secular calculations this date marked “The Origin of Era of the Maccabees.”



    655: The Ninth Council of Toledo which was held under the auspices of King Recceuith and would adopt a resolution “that all conversos, not only converted Jews also others who had come during the Migration Period, had to pass Christian festivals in the presence of their bishop so as to prove the veracity of their faith” and that “lack of compliance with this last rule would in flogging or forced fasting, depending on the age of the offend” came to an end today.



    380: Theodosius I made his” adventus,” or formal entry, into Constantinople. Eight years later, in 388, Theodosius attempted to intervene unsuccessfully on behalf of the Jews of his Empire.  “The bishop of a town on the bank of the Euphrates was among those responsible for the burning of a synagogue by a Christian crowd”  When the governor of the province refused to punish the bishop, Theodosius exercised his imperial power and ordered the offending bishop to build the Jews a new house of worship.  However, Ambrose, the Bishop of Milan and a leader of the Christian Church, overruled the emperor and Theodosius folded like a cheap suit. This episode points to the worsening conditions of the Jews.  If a powerful Emperor like Theodosius could not stand up to the Church, how could one expect a lesser ruler to challenge the growing power of the prelates?



    1105: Rabbi Nathan ben Yehiel of Rome completes Talmudic dictionary.  According to Heinrich Graetz, Ben Yehiel is the only Italian who made a contribution to Jewish literature during this period which was dominated by the Jews of Spain.  He published his dictionary under the name Aruch.  What this work lacks in originality it makes up for in thoroughness.  It became a standard text for Jews studying the Talmud during the Middle Ages.



    1190: Isabella of Jerusalem marries Conrad of Montferrat at Acre, making him de jure King. This took place during the period when the Crusaders controlled the City of David.  Their “kingship” should not be confused with the reign of the Davidic Dynasty.



    1275:  Edward I issued the Statute of the Jewry which placed a number of restrictions on the Jews of England. See http://www.heretical.com/British/jews1275.html. for a complete copy of the text.


    1328: Levi ben Gerson finished “Sefer Tekunah” his work on astronomy today.


    1493: Gershon Soncino printed an edition of the Pentateuch at Brescia.


    1631 (5 Kislev, 5392): Rabbi Samuel Eliezer Edels, also known by the acronym, “MaHarSha,” passed away. Born in 1555 in Krakow, he was one of the best known Talmudic commentators. His Chidushei Halachot is included in almost every publication of the Talmud. He believed that many of the Agadot (Talmudic legends) could be explained rationally and/or as parables. Edels also served as the chief rabbi in Lublin and Ostrog. As part of his commentary and explanation on the subject of guardian angel, Edels wrote, “In the way you wish to go in life, so you will be led by your Guardian Angels." According to the MaHarSha,” this passage explains that, in the way you wish to go in life, so you will be led by your guardian angels.  In other words  every action, word and thought that you do in this world creates an angel, so if you really want something good to happen in your life, create enough angelic good angels with kindness, loving thoughts and honest words . And then these angels you have attracted to you by your good thoughts, words and actions will indeed lead you to your goal.” As you can see from this commentary, all Rabbis living in Eastern Europe were not dry legalist.  Those of you who think of them in that manner will get a chance to re-consider that concept if you study this period of Jewish History.



    1632: Birthdate of Baruch Spinoza (known also as Benedict De Spinoza). The life and philosophy of Spinoza are too complex for this brief daily blurb and you are urged to read more about him on your own) In brief Spinoza was born in Amsterdam to Sephardic Jews who had fled from the Inquisition in Portugal, Spinoza received a rigorous Jewish education including the study of such “modern” commentators as Maimonides and Ibn Ezra.   However his inquiring mind led to learn Latin and to study with so-called free-thinkers.  He became a disciple of Descartes and his rationalist philosophic approach to life.  Spinoza was a pantheist believing that God was within nature and not above nature with His own divine will.  To paraphrase Telushkin, Spinoza did not believe that God created nature, but that God is Nature.  In 1656, while still in his twenties, Spinoza was excommunicated (in Hebrew “kerem”) for denying the immortality of the soul and God’s authorship of the Torah.  On this latter point, Spinoza was a forerunner of modern Biblical critics.  He believed that the Torah had not been written by Moses, but by Ezra the Scribe.  The ban from the Jewish community was total.  Spinoza spent the rest of his life moving from place to place in Holland studying and developing his philosophical works.  At one point he joined a Mennonite sect and changed his name to Benedictus or Benedict. By the time of his death in 1677, Spinoza had developed a philosophy of rational pantheism in which to “know” nature is to know God.  Over the centuries, many Jews have expressed their displeasure over Spinoza’s excommunication.  In the 1950’s no less a figure than David Ben Gurion tried unsuccessfully to have the ban lifted.  From the writings of Spinoza: “As long as a man imagines a thing is impossible, so long will he be unable to do it.”  “Men who are ruled by reason desire nothing for themselves which they would not wish for all humankind.”  (Sounds like Hillel).



    1752: In Stratford, CT, “Isaac Menes Seixas and Rachel Franks Seixas” gave birth to Grace Mendes Seixas who married Simon Nathan and as Grace Mendes Nathan was the mother of four children



    https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/seixas-nathan-grace



    https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/43058337.pdf?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents



    1799: In Prague, Judah Jeitteles and his wife gave birth to physician, poet and author Aaron Ludwig Joseph Jeittles



    1824: Gabriel Gabriel married Esther Reuben today at the Great Synagogue.



    1835: Joseph Myers married Julia Isaacs at the Great Synagogue today.



    1841: David Barnard married Kate Nathan today.



    1841: Solomon Nathan, the son of Barnett Nathan and Julia Solomons and the husband of Betsy Isaacs with whom he had had five children, was buried today at the “Canterbury Jewish Cemetery.”



    1841: In Charleston, Rabbi Poznanski officiated at the married Joseph H. Marks of Columbia, SC and Cecile Abrahams of Charleston, SC.



    1843: Birthdate of David Zvi Hoffmann, a rabbi and Torah scholar who was active in the “Wissenschaft des Judentums” a German based movement that attempted to apply scientific methodology to all aspects of Judaism. His daughter Hannah married Alexander Marx who along with Max L. Margolis published “A History of the Jewish People” which was a classic work of the inter-war period. Rabbi Hoffiamn passed away in 1921.



    http://seforim.blogspot.com/2012/01/rabbi-david-hoffmann-zl-by-eliezer-m.html



    1843: Birthdate of Tammany Hall political leader Richard Croker, Jr. who recognized the importance of the Jewish vote in the municipal elections of 1898 when he threatened to get rid of all the leaders who did not do enough to deliver it to the Democratic Party machine.



    1848(28th of Cheshvan, 5609): Seventy-eight year old Joseph Mendelssohn the German Jewish banker who was the oldest son of Moses Mendelssohn and the uncle of Felix Mendelssohn passed away today.



    1851: "Acapulco" published today described the high cost of living in the Mexican city provided the unusual comparison that "a little crib not bigger than a Jew's clothing-shop in San Francisco, brings $50 a month."


    1851: Austrian physician Jakob Eduard Polak entered Iran where he began teaching medicine at Dar al-Fonun


    1853: The cornerstone for a new Jewish Hospital was laid this afternoon in a two hour long ceremony.  At 2 pm a procession including members of the Hospital Society, the Hebrew Benevolent Society and other dignitaries left the Crosby street synagogue and walked to the site of the new hospital on 28th street between 7th and 8thavenues.  At 3 pm, Henry Hendricks made a few opening remarks in Hebrew and handed the trowel to Sampson Simpson who also make a few remarks in Hebrew before actually laying the cornerstone.  Rabbis Lyon and Helsen then delivered prayers in Hebrews followed by an address given by Rabbi Isaacs in English.  During the talk Isaacs assured listeners, including NYC dignitaries that the hospital would offer its services to all – Gentiles and Jews alike.  Sampson Simpson donated the land on which the hospital is being built.  He has also promised that $30,000 bequest will made to the hospital at the time of this death.



    1853: Rabbi Isaacs is scheduled to give a sermon this evening at 5 pm on the topic of Charity.


    1855: An article published today entitled “The Merchants of London” described the financial activities of the various banking houses in London.  The House of Rothschild is reported to be very active in the affairs of Spain where it is represented by Mr. Weisler.  The Rothchilds hold large mortgages on the silver mines located in Spain


    1858: Under the guidance of Max Maretzek, Adeline Patti made her operatic debut at age 16 in the title role of Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor at the Academy of Music, New York. (He was the Jewish impresario and concert master.  She was the native of Spain who went on to a brilliant career.) 


    1858: A schochet named Aaron Friedman appeared before New York Mayor Daniel F. Tiemann and accused Abraham Joseph Asch, Pesach Rosenthal and Moses Levi of selling lottery tickets which is against the law.  Abraham Joseph Asch served as Rabbi at Beis Hamedrash Hagadol on Bayard Street. Founded in 1852, it was the first congregation founded by Russian Orthodox Jews.  Pesach Rosenthal was the founder of the Downtown Talmud Torah, Yiddish speaking school also founded in 1852.


    1858: In New York City, Sergeant Birney and 12 officers of the law, armed with a warrant to search and seize lottery tickets arrested Rabbi Abraham Joseph Asch, Reb Pesach Rosnethal and Moses Levi.  Rabbi Asch was arrested while he was leading services at this synagogue.  All three were taken before May Tiemann to answer the charges lodged against them.


    1858: Thanks to the efforts of Austrian born American-Jews impresario Max Maretzek, “Adelina Patti made her operatic debut in the title role of Donizetti’s “Luci de Lammermoor” in New York City.


    1859: British naturalist Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species, which explained his theory of evolution. Ironically, Hitler was greatly influence by Charles Darwin and his Theory of Evolution. Hitler believed that the German people were the most advanced race of people, and all others were inferior. For Darwin's theory of survival of the fittest to be true, all other inferior species had to die. Hitler was making sure the inferiors would die off rapidly, so his MASTER RACE would rule faster.


    1862: Michel Levy publishes Gustave Flaubert’s "Salammbo." Levy (not Flaubert) was Jewish.


    1862: One day after he had passed away, 42 year old Solomon Benjamin the son of Ephraim and Phoebe Benjamin and the husband of Sarah Harris was buried today at the “Wolverhampton Old Jewish Burial Ground.”


    1863: During the Civil War, the 82nd Illinois Infantry under the command of Edward S. Solomon took part in the Union Army’s victory over the Rebels at the Battle of Lookout Mountain in Chattanooga, TN. Joseph B. Greenhut, an Austrian born Jew, served as Captain of Company K during the Battle.


    1864: Comte Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa and Adèle Tapié de Celeyran gave birth to artist Henri de Tolouse-Lautrec whose work included “Reine de joies.”


    1867: In San Francisco, Augusta and Joseph Phillip Newmark gave birth to Samuel Mark Newmark, the husband of Carolyn C. Newmark with whom he had two children and who held a patent for “Newmark’s Pure,” a “coffee, cinnamon, tea and lemon extract used for food-flavoring purposes.”


    1869(20th of Kislev, 5630): Jonathan Alexandersohn, a German born Hungarian rabbi, passed away passed away in the Jewish hospital at Altofen.


    1869: Louis Moreau Gottschalk collapsed from having contracted malaria. Just before his collapse, he had finished playing his romantic piece Morte! (interpreted as "she is dead"), although the actual collapse occurred just as he started to play his celebrated piece Tremolo.


    1870: Rabbi S.M. Isaacs is scheduled to deliver the sermon at the Forty-Fourth Street Synagogue’s Thanksgiving Day services which will begin at 11 a.m. Children from Hebrew Orphan Asylum will attend the service after which they will be fed Thanksgiving Dinner paid for by the synagogues trustees.


    1871: It was reported today that the Reorganization Committee meeting in St. Petersburg has been discussing whether or not to allow Jews to serve as officers in the Russian Army.  The majority of the committee favor postponing a decision until enough time has elapsed to evaluate the recent decision to allow Jews to hold civil service positions in the Russian government.


    1873: Birthdate of Yuliy Osipovich Tsederbaum  the scion of Jewish family living in Constantinople who as Julius Martov became a leader of the Mensheviks during the Russian Revolutions.


    1874: It was reported today that Jacob Cohen has donated a printing press, Hebrew type, non-Hebrew type and other printing office furniture to the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New York.  [The printing operation would prove to be a beneficial source of training an income for the male orphans.]


    1875: Birthdate of Jana Fürnbergová, the resident of Prague who was murdered at Terezin.


    1877(18thof Kislev, 5638): Eighty-three year old Rabbi Samuel Bondi of Mayence the son of Rabbi Jonas Moses Bondi and Bella Bondi and thus husband of Sophie Bondi passed away today.


    1878: It was reported today that the Rothschilds in London have successfully gained the right to underwrite the “new Numidian loan” for which they will receive a premium commission.


    1878: In New York Samuel Sachs and Louisa Goldman Sachs gave birth to Paul Joseph Sachs, the partner in Goldman Sachs and associate director of the Fogg Art Museum who enter American pop culture as one of the Monuments Men.




    1878: In Austria, Alfred Abraham Finzi and Rachéle Finzi gave birth to Isak Isidor Finizi


    1878: It was reported today that Maggie de Rothschild has been receiving religious instruction from a Roman Catholic priest in Frankfort, Germany.  Conversion to Christianity is a condition set by the family of her future husband, the Duc de Guiche for their approval of the marriage.  The family has no objection to her Jewish money, just to her Jewish religion.  If the trend of intermarriage continues, the more numerous Christian will eventually absorb the Jews. “That is one way getting rid of the Jews…but one which will take time.”


    1879: It was reported that a confidence man identified a Hebrew from New York has swindled several French businessmen out of 6,000,000 francs.


    1879: It was reported today that Lord Beaconsfield has only been able to gain promises of “moral support from Austria and Germany” in the current conflict involving the Russian and Ottoman empires.


    1879: Albert Lavergne, alias Abraham Levy, an Alsatian Jew, went to the 29thPrecinct in New York and confessed to having stolen $30,000 worth of diamonds in France in 1876.


    1879: Birthdate of Yitzhak Gruenbaum the native of Warsaw who was a leader of Polish Jewry until he made Aliyah in 1933 and expanded his career to include a leadership role that caused the British to arrest him during their “leadership sweep” in 1946 and enabled him to become a signatory to the Declaration of Independence in 1948.


    1880: “The German War on the Jews” published today noted that “the authorities are inclined to wink at, if not openly encourage, the movement for stemming the rising tide of Jewish power and influence and in the Empire.”  While Chancellor Bismarck has modified his view that used to include opposition of “the admission of Jews into office” the anti-Semitic movement has plenty of power as can be seen from the leadership supplied by Reverend Stoecker, one of the Kaiser’s Chaplains.” (Editor’s note: The emergency of the anti-Semitic movement paralleled the emancipation of Jews in Germany and was in full flower long before a Bavarian Corporal came to power.


    1880: At today’s meeting of the New York State Senate Committee on City Affairs, Judge P.J. Joachimsen defended the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society from remarks made by Elbrdige T. Gerry


    1881: J.S. Moore responded to the anti-Semitic attacks by Goldwin Smith, a Professor at Oxford that appeared in the October issue of the Nineteenth Century.”


    1882 In Munich, Joseph Schülein, the son of Julius and Jeanette Schulen, and Ida Schulein gave birth to Franziska (Mimi) Heinemann, the future wife of Theobald Heinemann.


    1882: In Cleveland, OH, Aaron and Theresa Hahn gave birth to Edgar Aaron Hahn, Western Reserve University trained lawyer and Cleveland civic leader who was the husband Irene Hahan with whom he had two daughters – Alice and Katherine.



    1882: In New York, incorporation of the Passover Relief Association which was founded in 1877 whose officers included Morris Silbertstein, President; Mrs. Fred Sobel, Vice President; Mrs. Eli Solomon, Treasurer and Adolph Schwarzbaum, Secretary which supplied 490 families with groceries for Passover.


    1884:  Birthdate of Yitzchak Ben-Zvi, the second President of Israel.  After the death of Chaim Weitzman, Ben-Zvi was elected in 1952.  He served until his death in April of 1963.


    1885: Henry M. Leipziger, the principal of the Hebrew Technical Institute presented a report at a meeting of the Industrial Education Association in New York today during which he described what his school had during the past 18 months to meet the needs of boys ages 12 to 14.


    1885: In Manhattan, David and Wilhemina (Minnie) Cohen gave birth to Bluma Cohen who gained famed as Blanche Cohen Nirenstein, the wife of realtor Alexander Schlang and Ellick Nirenstein whose civic work earned the title of “Mother of Year” according to the RJJ School Ladies League.




    1885: In Friend, Nebraska, Sydney Dix Strong and his wife gave birth to Anna Louise Strong, the wife Joel Shubin, the Jewish agronomist and “Soviet Deputy Minister of Agriculture.”



    1886: At the Star Theatre in New York, in front of a packed house, Edwin Booth played Shylock in “The Merchant of Venice” part to which he brings a unique portrayal.


    1887: “La Tosca” a five-act drama by the 19th-century French playwright Victorien Sardou “was first performed today at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris, with Sarah Bernhardt in the title role.


    1887: In a moment of honesty, Reverend Armitage delivered a sermon at the Fifth Avenue Baptist church in which he “compared the American Thanksgiving feast with joyous ‘Feast of Tabernacles’ of the ancient Jews. This Jewish feast continued eight days, and commemorated the gather of fruits. With the Jews, it was a joyous outpouring of religious feeling and in this quality of their religion they set an example which will be followed by Christians.”


    1887: On Thanksgiving, “bountiful dinners” were provided those under the care of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.


    1887: Thanksgiving Services were held at Temple Emanu-El in New York City


    1889(1STof Kislev, 5650): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1889: “Jews of Bagdad” published today described the mistreatment of the Jews of Mesopotamia during the recent cholera epidemic.


    1889: It was reported today that The Conference of the Civic, Commercial, Industrial and Educational Bodies will be presenting a “silk banner” to the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society.


    1890(12th of Kislev, 5651): Seventy-six year old August Belmont, a Prussian Jew who “came to the U. S. in the diplomatic service, became a representative of the Rothschilds founded the banking house, August Belmont & Co., made a vast fortune and kept a racing stable passed” away today.


    1892: The SS Weimar a large number of whose 1,906 passengers are Russian Jews is still detained at the Cape Charles Quarantine facility at Baltimore in accordance with President’s order this matter.


    1892: On Thanksgiving Day Mrs. J. P. Jonchimsen will deliver the opening speech at the dedication of the new Orphan Asylum of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York will take place at 2 p.m.


    1894: According to figures provided by Charles G. Wilson, the President of the Board Health published today “the lowest death rate…is in the tenement wards where the Hebrew population is densest.”  Wilson attributed this fact to the observance of “the Mosaic laws regard cleanliness” and avoiding abuse of alcohol as well as the fact that Jews “observe certain religious rules and regulations requiring them to keep their apartments clean.”


    1894: In London, premiere of “The Shop Girl” a musical comedy featuring "The Little Chinchilla" a popular song written by Paul Alfred Rubens.


    1895: In St. Louis founding of the Prospect Club located at 2737 Locust which meets on the first and last Tuesday of the month.


    1895: “Flora’s Beautiful Gifts” traces the role of flowers in various civilizations and cultures including the Hebrews who used the rose and the lily and whose King Solomon “was a botanist” as can be seen from his gardens “which are among the most ancient gardens of which we know.”


    1895: Herzl expounds his plans at The Maccabeans Club, the first group to hear his ideas. (In his diary he wrote, "Abends bei den 'Makkabäern'. Mageres Dinner, aber guter Empfang." - In the evening with the 'Maccabaeans', skimpy dinner, but good reception.")


    1896: As of today, it was reported that Mrs. Hannah Solomon is President of the National Board of the National Council of Jewish Women and Miss Laura Mordecai is President of the Philadelphia chapter of the organization.


    1896: In Limirck, another of the sporadic attacks took place on the Jews of the city.


    1897: In Chicago, Illinois, Leopold Godowsky and Frederica Saxe gave birth to silent film actress Dagmar Godowsky.


    1897: “Thanksgiving Exercises for Orphans” published today described upcoming holiday plans for those at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum on Amsterdam Avenue.


    1898: Birthdate of Pittsburg native Louis “Lou” Mervis” the Walter Camp All-American lineman who played tackle on the undefeated 1918 University of Pittsburgh football team.


    1898 Simon Guggenheim and Olga Hirsch married today at the Waldorf Astoria; an event they celebration by providing 5,000 poor children with a Thanksgiving Dinner.


    (Editor’s Note: The following four entries are examples of the Americanization of the Jewish Community in the best sense of the term.  It provides an indication of why American Jews believe that their experience is different from that in Europe, North Africa or the Middle East)


    1898: Rabbi Silverman will deliver a sermon on “American Progress” at Temple Emanu-El during Thanksgiving Services that start at 11 a.m.


    1898: Rabbi Rudolph Grossman will deliver the sermon at Temple Rodeph Sholom during Thanksgiving Services that start at 10:30 a.m.


    1898: Shaarai Tephilla and B’nai Jeshurun  will hold a joint Thanksgiving Service at 10:30 a.m led by Rabbi Stephen G. Wise that will include “the reading of the of the President’s proclamation by Morris Wise, a speech by Washingtonian Simon Wolf and a performance by the brass band of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society Orphan Asylum


    1898: “The Young Men’s Hebrew Association” is scheduled to hold Thanksgiving Services at 861 Lexington this morning starting at 10:30.


    1899: Jacob Furth, the Jewish President of the Puget Sound National Bank of Seattle, Washington, described economic conditions in the Northwest to a group meeting at the Waldorf-Astoria. The seven banks in the area have more than 13 million dollars in deposits most of which has been investing in Eastern commercial paper since there is so little demand for money in the Pacific Coast region. Manufacturing and farming have been so profitable that there has been little need for borrowing. Furth concluded his remarks by saying that he saw an automobile for the first time while traveling through Chicago on his way to New York.  Furth is convinced that the Pacific Northwest is too hilly “for the successful operation of the horseless carriage.”


    1903: In Vienna, Carl and Emilie Popper gave birth to Hans Popper, “the founding father of Hepatology” who was fortunate enough to escape arrest by the Nazis during the Anschluss by making his way to the United States aboard the SS New Amsterdam.


    1905 (26th of Cheshvan): Nahum Meyer Shaikevich (Shomer) Yiddish novelist and playwright, passed away


    1908: Birthdate of Harry Kemelman, the Boston native who created the Rabbi David Small mystery novels.


    1908: Birthdate of Mosze Lifszyc, the native Kiev who gained fame as movie director Aleksander Ford.



    1910: On Thanksgiving Day in Atlanta, GA, Leo Frank, who would be lynched in the single worse episode of anti-Semitism in U.S. history, married Lucille Selig, the daughter of Emil Selig.


    1911: The Damascus newspaper Muktebisattacked Jews, and in response readers wrote letters to the Grand Vizier to condemn the attitude of the paper.  On the same day the editor of another newspaper, the Turkish Hikmet, insulted Jews in an 'open letter to the Sultan.' As a result of the letter the editor was banished from Constantinople.


    1911: Lazarus Klein was elected a member of the Divisional Council in Cape Province, SA, for the district of Tulbagh.


    1911: The members of the Monmouthsire Standing Joint Committee “strongly criticized the attitude of police “during the “recent riots in Tredegar, Wales.


    1912: In Rochester, NY, David Kanin and Sadie Levine gave birth to screen writer and director Garson Kanin.


    1912: In Antwerp Paul (Pinchas) Gluck-Friedman and Henia Shipper gave birth to Antoinette Gluk who would marry a young Swiss-born French rabbi named David Feuerwerker and who would become famous as a decorated hero of the Resistance and as a jurist in post-war France.


    1912: In the presence of an audience of 600 persons, including all of the members of the Straus family, a memorial tablet in honor of Ida Straus was unveiled this afternoon at the Home of the Daughters of Jacob, an institution for aged men and women at 301 and 303 East Broadway. Impressive services marked the official dedication of the tablet, which has been mounted upon the wall of the large auditorium to the right of the main entrance. The large bronze casting bears the raised profile of Mrs. Straus upon the center, directly under the inscription; “The Ida Straus Memorial of the Home of the Daughters of Jacob.” On one side are the words “Her life was beautiful” and the date in the Hebrew calendar of Mrs. Straus’s birth, “Shebat 14, 5609.” On the other side is the inscription “Her death was glorious,” and the date of the Titanic disaster, “Nisan 28, 5672.” Below the profile are the words: To the everlasting memory of Mrs. Ida Straus, one of the noble and heroic daughters in Israel, the hospital wards of this home are dedicated. She perished on the high seas in the Titanic disaster, together with her husband, Isidor Straus, statesman, philanthropist, and merchant, persistently [sic] refusing to be saved that she might remain to cheer the last moments of her life’s companion. Beneath is this quotation from the Book of Ruth: Where thou Diest Will I Die, and There Will I Be Buried. Dr. Nathan Abramson opened the dedication services with a hymn, in which he led a selected chorus of sixteen voices. The Rev. H. Pereira Mendes delivered the opening prayer, in which he expressed the hope that the example of the heroic and devoted wife in whose memory the tablet was erected and to whose lasting fame the wards of the hospital were dedicated might be forever an inspiration to the women of her race and ancient creed. Dr. Henry Fleischman, President of the Educational Alliance, made the principal address. He lauded the modest charity and kindliness of Mrs. Straus and the great unselfish works of her husband in the public service. Other speakers were Joseph Barondes of the Board of Education, the Rev. Dr. Schulman, pastor of the Congregation of Beth-El; the Rev. H. Masliansky of the People’s Synagogue, and Gustavus A. Rogers, who acted as Chairman.The most impressive incident of the dedication occurred when the 186 inmates of the home, led by Supt. Albert Kruger, filed slowly into the auditorium and took their seats in the front rows. The oldest of the feeble and decrepit men and women was said to be almost 108, and the youngest in the procession more than 70 years old. Just before the close of the exercises they arose and with quavering voices chanted aloud in unison a prayer for the eternal happiness of their departed benefactress. Among those seated on the platform were Mr. and Mrs. Percy Straus, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar S. Straus, Mrs. Nathan Straus, Herbert Straus, Jesse I. Straus, Mrs. Weil, Mr. and Mrs. Lazarus Kohns, and Mr. Lee Kohns. At the close of the exercises the members of the Straus family group, together with a few intimate friends, made a tour of inspection of the new hospital wards of the home


    1912: A meeting in honor of the late Dr. Morris Loeb is scheduled to be held today at the Hebrew Technical Institute in New York.


    1912: Services are scheduled to begin at 10:30 in Chicago at Sinai Temple where Dr. Emil G. Hirsch will deliver a sermon “The Open Window.”


    1912: In Chicago, Rabbi Joseph Stoltz is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “It Is Good to Give Thanks” at today’s service hosted by the Isaiah Temple.


    1912: Gerson Levi is scheduled to deliver the sermon at The People’s Synagogue where services begin at 3:30 p.m. at the Ziegfeld Theatre.


    1912: Rabbi M.J. Gries of Cleveland delivered a sermon today marking the 20th anniversary of his years of service followed by a special musical program.


    1912: “The elections for the Executive Council of the Jewish community in London” which “for the last twelve years have given rise to heated quarrels” between the Zionists “and the so-called official party much to the delight of the anti-Semites are scheduled to take place today.


    1913: A mass meeting was held in New York under the auspices of the Federation of Oriental Jews that reside $58,000 for the relief of Balkan Jewry.


    1914: Today’s contributions to the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews suffering through the war amounted to $944.74 bring the total collected to day to $25,010.


    1914: Today, Herman Bernstein, editor of The Day, a Jewish daily newspaper published in New York “made public telegraphic correspondence” between him and Sir Cecil Arthur Spring-Rice, the British Ambassador in Washington, D.C. in which the editor asks if England will give protection to German and Galician Jews living in Jaffa now that the British reportedly occupy the city formerly controlled by the Ottomans.  Spring-Rice responded ‘Jews of all nationalities who may come under British control can of course count on the same protection and liberal treatment which England has always extended to them.  I have, however, no information that Jaffe is in the hands of England.”  (The reality is that the Turks expelled the Jewish population and the British did not take the city until 1917).


    1914: “Let Jews Become Turks” published today described the decision of the Ottoman government to grant citizenship to Russian Jews living in the empire – a decision that would mean a great deal to many of the Jewish settlers in Palestine because they came from Russia.


    1914: It was reported to that “two members of the Serbian Legation who remained at Constantinople to assist Henry Morgenthau,” the Jewish philanthropist serving as the American Ambassador, “were ordered to leave the city within 48 hours.”


    1914: On the Western Front during WW I, Lieutenant F.A. De Pass, a Jewish officer from London “led two of his Indian soldiers into the sap of a German trench that had been pushed out to within ten yards of the Indian line” and destroyed the sap after which de Pass carried a wounded comrade to safety – an action that led him to being the first Jewish officer to receive the Victoria Cross.


    1915: As of today, “the contributions to the fund for the relief of the sufferes from the Russian massacres reached a total of $734,494.


    1915: Birthdate of Aleksandr Yakovlevich Novakovsky, the native of St. Petersburg who gained fame as Alexander Nov, “a Professor of Economics at the University of Glasgow and a noted authority on Russian and Soviet economic history.”


    1915: Jacob Bosniak, presided over a meeting of students at the Jewish Theological Seminary where “resolutions expressing their grief were adopted.”


    1915: The faculty of JTS met today for the first time since the death of Solomon Schechter.


    1915: In Manhattan, an exhibit sponsored by Bezalel that included rugs, silver filigree work, copper inlaid articles, Torah Bells and Meghilloths came to a close.


    1916: At Temple Israel, Dr. M.H. Harris delivered a sermon on “The Fate of the Jew After the War’ in which he talked about the fate of 1,500,000 Jews in Poland and said he did not put any trust in Germany’s recent promise to create an independent Kingdom of Poland.


    1916: The Greek government considers calling on Jews to serve in military; prior to this date they were exempt from service.


    1916: Writing in The Jewish Chronicle, Dr. Joseph Kruk described his first meeting with Alexander Protopopov, the Minister of the Interior, “on whom depends the course of the policy towards the Jews of Russia” who said he believes “in equal rights for the Jews” but believes that the lack of a commercial treaty will be a hindrance towards his government reaching that goal.


    1917: For the first time since the United States entry into WW I,  “With the cooperation of the Dutch government” which was neutral, the Joint Distribution Committee of the American Jewish Relief Committee began distribution “relief funds in territories occupied by Germany.”


    1917: In London, Harry Rowson and his wife gave birth to Sefton Wilfred David Rowson who gained fame as Israeli diplomat and Professor of International Law, Shabtai Rosenne.


    1917: “A mass meeting” designed “to enroll men and women in the International Zionist Organization” is scheduled to “held at the Morris High School” at eight o’clock this evening.


    1917: “The Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America announced today that Samuel Mason, as special representative of the organization, has started for Japan to investigate condions among the Jewish emigrants stranded in that country.”


    1918: Felix Warburg outlines plans for a December campaign designed to raise funds for Jewish war suffers at a meeting of the People’s Relief Committee which represents the working class of New York Jewry.


    1918: The Jewish Welfare Board met today.


    1918: “The registration campaign” is scheduled to continue until today at which time the district elections for the ZOA are scheduled to be held.”


    1919: In London, a poor Russian immigrant tailor, Louis Kossoff and his wife gave birth to award winning actor David Kossof  who also became “an anti-drug campaigner” when his son rock musician Paul Kossoff died as a result of drug abouse.


    1922: Seventy-five year old Italian politician and Prime Minister Sidney Costantino Sonnino, the son of Isacco Saul Sonnino – a Jewish born son of a banker – who converted to Anglicanism passed away today.(Ironically, one of his big claims to fame is that he was regarded as unique because he was a Protestant in country almost completely dominated by Roman Catholic political leaders,)


    1922: Birthdate of Claus Adolf Moser, the native of Berlin who was brought to England in 1936 where his contributions to the world of statistics led to his being made a Life peer with the title Baron Moser>


    1922: In Akron, Ohio, Benjamin and Bertha Munitz Ovshinsky gave birth to Stanford R. Ovshinsky, the inventor of the nickel-metal hydride battery. (As reported by Barnaby J. Feder)


    1924: In New York, Barbara Stettheimer and “Maj. Gen. Julius Ochs Adler, who was the president and publisher of The Chattanooga Times and the general manager of The New York Times from 1935 until his death in 1955” gave birth to Julius Ochs Adler, Jr “a business executive and public relations consultant who ran a popular independent bookstore in Manhattan for 16 years.” (As reported by Robert D. McFadden and Eric Pace)



    1928(11thof Kislev, 5689): Parashat Vayetzei


    1928(11thof Kislev, 5689): Semei Kakungulu who founded the Abayudaya (Luganda: Jews) community in Uganda in 1917 passed away today.



    1928: According to dispatches from Bucharest received by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, “Julius Maniu, the National Peasant Premier of Rumania seems determined to maintain the promise he made…after assuming office to see to it that all minority races in the Kingdom including the Jews” will “enjoy the protection of the government in the exercise of their rights.”


    1928: “Napoleon’s Barber” an early “talkie” written by Arthur Caesar and featuring Michael Mark was released in the United States today. 


    1929: Georges Clemenceau, Premier of France during the final years of World War I passed away.  He provided the stamina that helped France stay the course and defeat the forces of the Kaiser.  For Jews, he will be remembered as a French politician who risked his career to support Emile Zola as he worked to gain justice for Colonel Dreyfus. 


    1930: In Essen, Germany “a Jewish father who was the director of a textile company and a Lutheran mother gave birth to Inge Schönthal the photographer who was the wife of “Italian publisher Giangiacomo Feltrinelli.” (As reported by Elisabetta Povoledo)




    1930: One day after he had passed away, eighty-three year old Russian born American “Hebrew Poet” Israel Fine who was “an intimate friend of President Roosevelt” and the author of “Ode to America” which was “written in Hebrew on the occasion of the centennial celebration of ‘The Star-Spangled Banner’ in 1914” was buried this “afternoon in the Baltimore Hebrew Cemetery.”



    1932: A call to orthodox Jewry to unite to finish rebuilding Palestine as a Jewish homeland was sounded today by Rabbi Wolf Gold of Brooklyn, president of the Mizrachi Organization of America, at the opening session of the annual convention of that body held in Buffalo, NY.  “Detailing the Mizrahi’s program for Palestine which calls for a rebuilding along strict orthodox line, Rabbi “Gold held that the organization was the only one in the world which could accomplish the task of taking back to the homeland the ancient principles of Judaism.”  On a more practical note, “Rabbi Gold reported that…$40,000,000 has been invested in more than 63,000 acres of orange groves in Palestine.  Raising oranges is one of the chief industries of the homeland he said.”  Despite problems in the world economy, he reported that orange exports have “increased tremendously” over the last year.


    1933(6thof Kislev, 5694): Seventy-three year old Russian born Rabbi Bernhard Rabbino who served congregations in several small towns including Keokuk, IA and Brunswick, GA, before becoming a lawyer and champion of the established of the “Domestic Relations Courts in New York” and who was the husband of “the former Anna Ladewig” with whom he had had four daughters passed away today.



    1933: The German Law Against Dangerous and Habitual Criminals adopted today allows for compulsory castration of “hereditary” criminals.


    1934: Lillian Hellman's drama “The Children's Hour” premiered on Broadway today for the first of   691 performances


    1934: In “Engels in the Volga German Republic of the Russian SFSR”, Frankfurt born journalist and translator Harry Viktorovich Schnittke and Maria Iosifovna Schnittke (née Vogel) gave birth to composer Alfred Schnittke, the grandson of philologist and translator Tea Abramovna.



    1934: Birthdate of New Yorker Martin Charnin, “best-known work is as conceiver, director and lyricist of the musical Annie.”


    1934: “In Engels, in the Vogla-German Republic of the Russian SFSR” Frankfurt born Jewish journalist Harry Viktorovich Schnittke and Maria Iosifovna Schnittke, gave birth to Soviet composer Alfred Schnittke, creator of the oratorio “Nagasaki.”


    1935: Birthdate of Los Angeles native Mordicai Gerstein the Caldecott Medal winning illustrator whose works include The Man Who Walked Between the Towers.


    1936: According to testimony given today before the royal commission of inquiry by officials of the Palestine government including B.G. Harris, irrigation adviser to the development department; B.G. Harris, irrigation adviser to the development department, F.G. Salman, Commissioner of Land and Surveys and N.C. Bennett, assistant director of land surveys, “nothing has been done by the mandatory government to fulfill Article VI of the Palestine Mandate, calling for the facilitation of the settlement of Jews on government land.


    1936: “About 600 University of Warsaw students, a third of them girls, locked themselves in the college building today and announced they would refuse to leave until the university agreed to segregate the Jews.”


    1936: The Jerusalem Arab daily newspaper al-Liwa demanded the Peel commission should reach only one conclusion: ‘a National Arab Government’ throughout Palestine.


    1937: The Reich is about to assume permanent control of the property of the Jewish shipping operator, Arnold Bernstein, without awaiting his conviction on "economic treason" charges. His trial before the Hamburg Emergency Court has been going on for ten days


    1938: Winston Churchill condemned the British stewardship of Palestine in speech in the House of Commons.


    1938: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Chicago native Sylvia Polisky, the daughter of Samuel and Sarah Braverman Polisky became Sylvia Padzensky today when she married Edward Padzensky in what became a “love affair that lasted for more than fifty years.”


    1939: “Catholic Welfare Council Helped Jews and Others in Reich” published today described the organization’s efforts to refugees from “Germany and countries under the sway of the German Reich” which has included raising $285,486 to help those of Jewish extractions as well as “a large number of Catholics classified as ‘non-Aryans’”


    1939: “Links Zionist Aims to Democratic Way” published today described Rabbi Stephen S. Wise’s belief that those “who really believed in democracy had no choice but to support the establishment of a Jewish commonwealth in Palestine.”


    1939: It was reported today that Junior Hadassah has raised “about $100,000 for its undertakings in Palestine” and that it will be a hospital for the children’s Village at Meier Shfeyah to be named for Miss Alice Seligsberger” who “was in charge of the Zionist medical unit which went to Palestine in the World War and established a network of hospitals and similar institutions.


    1939: Due in part “to the continued sales of stocks formerly owned by Jews for the Reich’s account” in Berlin, “the share index advanced slightly to 102.07. (Anti-Semitism is good for business)


    1940: Slovakia becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers. Regardless of the impact of Slovakian troops on the fighting on the Eastern Front, this move helped lay the groundwork for the Jewish community which saw 65,000 of its 77,000 shipped to the camps and their death by 1945.


    1940: The Atlantic, with 1,783 illegal Jewish refugees on board was escorted into the harbor at Haifa.  How determined were the British to keeps Jews out Palestine?  Consider the following; at this time in 1940, Britain stood alone against the Nazis.  France had surrendered the previous June. The Soviet Union was still an ally of Hitler and would not enter the fray until June of 1941.  The United States would not enter the fight for another year.  The U-boat wolf-packs were sinking British ships in the North Atlantic.  Yet at a time when British merchant vessels need all the protection they could get. British warships were cruising the Mediterranean so they could keep a few thousand Jews out Palestine.  


    1941: A ghetto was set up at Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia in the old barracks and then in the walled town itself. All the 3,700 local inhabitants were moved out. Although Theresienstadt was set up as a "model settlement," its death rate reached 50% in 1942 through starvation and epidemics. During an investigation by the Red Cross in June 1943 the Germans changed the external appearance of the town and deported many so that there would be less overcrowding. All the interviews were carefully orchestrated and immediately after the visit most of the "actors" were then deported. In all 140,937 Jews were sent to Theresienstadt, of whom 33,529 died in the ghetto and 88,196 were deported to death camps. There were 17,247 persons left in the ghetto when it was liberated.


    1941: After premiering last month in London, “49th Parallel,” a British war movie based on an original story by Emeric Pressburger who wrote the screenplay and starring Leslie Howard was released in the United Kingdom.


    1941: "Life Certificates" were distributed to some Jews of the Vilna Ghetto. By now most of the Jews of Vilna had been slaughtered.  Only about 15,000 Jews held “yellow certificates” and these would do them little good.  By the end of the war, 96% of the Jews of Vilna would be dead.


    1941: Karel Švenk “was one of the first artists to be deported to Terezín today, and was among the 342 young Jewish men sent to prepare the previously non-Jewish camp for the Jewish artist inmates to follow.”


    1942: American born Zionist leader Rechaviah Lewin Epstein was buried in Rehoboth today.


    1942: Dr. Stephen S. Wise presided over a memorial service for the late Rechaviah Lewin Epstein in the New York Offices of the American Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs


    1942: During the Battle of Stalingrad Field Marshall Erich von Manstein “advised Hitler not order the break out by the 6th Army” because his forces could break through the Soviet lines and relieve the embattled group at the same time that Goring boasted that the Luftwaffe could resupply the force – two pieces of advice that Hitler wanted to hear but that sealed the fate of the German forces and led to the loss that was a turning point in WW II.


    1942: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, a founder and president of the World Jewish Congress, announces at a press conference that the United States State Department has confirmed that Europe's Jews are being slaughtered by the Nazis. Wise estimates that the Germans have already murdered two million Jews, which is an understatement;


    1942: Birthdate of Earl Leslie Krugel, the West Coast coordinator of the Jewish Defense League.


    1942: “Blood and Banquets: A Berlin Social Diary” by Bella Fromm is scheduled to be published today.  Fromm is a German Jewish reporter who left Germany just before the outbreak of World War II.  The book is based on her first-hand observations of the Nazi leaders in Berlin.


    1943: Mordechai "Modi" Alon who had enlisted in the RAF in 1940 finally began his flight training today in Rhodesia.  Alon would one of the IAF’s first pilots and hero of the War for Independence.


    1943: “Easy Aces” starring Goodman Ace and his wife Jane, two Jews from Kansas City, became a one-half-hour-per-week broadcast at 7:30 PM on CBS radio.


    1943: In Washington, DC, Theodore Rosenberg who worked at the Pentagon and his wife Isabelle gave birth to Leslie Rosenberg, who gained fame as Leslie R. Wolfe, “a longtime leader of the Center for Women Policy Studies.” (As reported by Amisha Padnani)



    1944: Birthdate of former congressman and Agriculture Secretary, Dan Glickman.


    1946(1stof Kislev, 5707): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1946: Fifty-one year old Hungarian born ”László Moholy-Nagy, “arguably one of the greatest influences on post-war art education in the United States” and convert to the Hungarian Reformed Church passed away today in Chicago.




    1946: Today’s concert, during which Dame Julia Myra Hess played Beethoven’s Third Symphony with the NBC Symphony Orchestra “was preserved on transcription discs and later issued on CD by Naxos Records.”


    1946: “The formal installation of Joseph Smith as the new rabbi of Temple B’nai Israel in Burlington, NJ is scheduled to take place this evening at 8 p.m. in the social hall.


    1946: The Philadelphia Sphas led by Inky Lautman, Sol Schwartz and Bernie Opper are scheduled to play the Brooklyn Gothams tonight in American Basketball League game at the Broadway Brooklyn Arena.


    1946: Birthdate of Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, the New York born Sephardic Jew who became the director of New York University's Alexander Hamilton Center for Political Economy


    1946: “Report on the Sanitary and Medical Organization of the Monowitz Concentration Camp For Jews (Auschwitz-Upper Silesia)” by Dr. Leonardo De Benedetti, Physician and Surgeon and Dr. Primo Levi, Chemist was published in the Turin-based medical journal Minerva Medica. The material will be republished in 2007 as Auschwitz Reportby Primo Levi.


    1947: The Jewish Agency (part of the de facto Jewish government in Palestine) began registering “Jewish youths to work for and defend” the as yet undeclared and unrecognized Jewish state.


    1947: Birthdate of Eli Ben-Menachem, the native of Bombay who made Aliyah in 1949 and has served as an MK and as Deputy Speaker of the Knesset.


    1947: A group of writers, producers and directors, known later as the Hollywood 10, was cited for contempt of Congress for refusing to answer a committee’s questions about alleged communist influence in the film industry. This was viewed as part of right wing America’s war against “Jewish Hollywood.”  This was actually part of the first round of what would later come to be called the Culture Wars which have always had a taint of anti-Semitism to them.


    1947: The House of Representatives overwhelming vote to approve citations for contempt of Congress citations against the Hollywood Ten for the “defiance” of the mis-named House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).  “Of the Hollywood Ten, six - John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Albert Maltz and Samuel Ornitz — were Jews.”


    1948: The UN Truce Mission announces “a provisional…truce line” between Arab and Israeli forces.


    1949: “Israel and Egypt signed an armistice whereby the Nitzana region, situated in Israel, was declared a demilitarized zone. The armistice agreement also stipulated that on the Egyptian side of the border "no Egyptian defensive positions shall be closer to El Auja than El Qouseima and Abou Aoueigila


    1950: Guys and Dollsa musical by Frank Loesser and Abe Burrowsopened at the 46th Street Theatre and enjoyed a run of 1,200 performances.


    1951(25thof Cheshvan, 5712): Parashat Chayei Sarah


    1951(25thof Cheshvan, 5712): Seventy year old Dora Shubert Wolf, the daughter of David and Gittel Shubert, the wife of Milton Wolf and the sister to theatre owning Shubert brothers passed away today.


    1953(17thof Kislev, 5714): Sixty-year old Abraham Krotoshinsky who earned a Distinguished Service Cross for his role in rescuing the “Lost Battalion” during WW I passed away today.


    1956: After 1,063 the curtain comes down on the original Broadway production of Richard Adler and Jerry Ross’ musical hit “The Pajama Game.”


    1957(1stof Kislev, 5718): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1957(1stof Kislev, 5718): Seventy-eight year old Sir Alfred Eckhard Zimmern, the Christian Oxford trained professor of “Jewish Descent” and Laborite who became a supporter of Zionism passed away today in Avon, CT.




    1958: Yisrael Barzilai began serving as Minister of Postal Services in Israel.


    1959: CBS broadcast “Merman on Broadway” featuring songs from “Gypsy,” the musical ‘with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, and a book by Arthur Laurents” that included an appearance by Tab Hunter (born Arthur Andrew Klein)/


    1963: Today, Life magazine “purchased all rights” to Abraham Zapruder’s film of the Kennedy Assassination.


    1963:Jack Ruby, born Jacob Leon Rubenstein, the Chicago born son of Jewish immigrants from Poland, shot and mortally wounded Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy. 


    1967: Life published selected frames Abraham Zapruder’s film of the Kennedy Assassination.


    1969: NBC broadcast the 1th episode of “My World and Welcome to it” created by Melville Shavelson, produced by Sheldon Leonard and Danny Arnold.


    1970: ITV broadcast “A Pipe and A Moustache” an episode of “The Lovers” a British sitcom created by Jack Rosenthal who also served as the writer and director.


    1973: “Scream, Pretty Peggy” featuring Allan Arbus as “Dr. Eugene Saks” and Tovah Feldshuh as “Agnes Thornton” was broadcast for the first time on ABC’s Movie of the Week.


    1974: American nuclear physicist and “ufologist” Stanton Friedman married Stella M. Kimball today in Los Angeles


    1974: Birthdate of Sam Kellerman, one of the four Kellerman brothers that included sportscaster Max Kellerman, an aspiring playwright who wrote “The Man Who Hated Shakespeare.”


    1975: In Paris, Jews originally from Arab and Muslim countries...to establish the Tel Aviv-based World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries (WOJAC)


    1976: Ninety-two refuseniks appealed to world Jewry for help in protesting searches in the apartments of the organizers of the symposium on Jewish culture.


    1976: “Yevgeny Abezgauz, a leading Leningrad refusenik, received permission to emigrate to Israel.”


    1982(8th of Kislev, 5743):  Seventy-seven year old Benny Friedman passed away. The University of Michigan football star was considered the first of the great professional passing quarterbacks.  After WW II, he served as the Athletic Director and Football Coach for Brandeis University



    1983: The PLO exchanged 6 Israeli prisoners for 4,500 Arabs held by the government of Israel.  This would not be the last of such numerically disproportionate trades in which the Israelis would engage.


    1985(11th of Kislev, 5746): Ninety-five year old Maurice Podoloff, the native of Elzabethgrad, Russia who graduated from Yale Law School and was the first Commissioner of the NBA passed away today in West Haven, CT.



    1986:The original production of “Smile” “a musical with music by Marvin Hamlisch and book and lyrics by Howard Ashman opened on Broadway today at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre.


    1986: Susan Sontag’s short story “The Way We Live Now” which “remains a significant text on the AIDS epidemic” was “published today in The New Yorker.


    1986: In a letter written today “explore Laurens van der post, after a visit to the Gulf with Princess Diana” Prince Charles “implied that the ‘influx of foreign, European Jews’ to Israel was to blame for fueling the Israeli-Arab conflict, and lamented that US presidents were unwilling to take on the American ‘Jewish lobby.’”


    1990(7th of Kislev, 5751): Parashat Vayetzei


    1990(7th of Kislev, 5751): Eighty-two year old Brooklyn native, Robert “Buck” Halpern who “played guard at the City College of New York from 1926-1928” and “then played as a guard in the NFL with the Staten Island Stapletons in 1930” passed away today.


    1993: “Josh and S.A.M.” a comedy produced by Martin Brest in which Noah Fleiss made his film debut was released in the United States today.


    1994 Paul Grosz, president of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Wien, opened library at the Jewish Museum in Vienna.


    1994(21st of Kislev, 5755): Fifty-one year old David Patton Garfield who “became a successful cameraman and film editor” after he decided not to follow in the acting footsteps of his father John Garfield passed away today in Los Angeles.


    1995(1st of Kislev, 5756): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1995(1st of Kislev, 5756): Ninety-five year old Dr. Moses Paulson, professor emeritus of gastroenterology at the Johns Hopkins medical school and an expert on digestive diseases, passed away today.



    1997: As part of the process in which Zypora Frank, a Polish Jewess, learned that her family had owned part of the land on which the Auschwitz death camp stood, and where most of her mother's family perished she went to visit Auschwitz today. And there, in the records of the village that the Poles called Oswiecim, she found her grandfather's property -- now hers and her brother's. Fifteen square miles of what became the Auschwitz death camp had been his tile factory.


    1999(15th of Kislev, 5760): David Kessler, the man most responsible for making the Jewish Chronicle the most respected Jewish weekly in the world passed away. He achieved this by dint of his unwavering desire for fairness, his belief that all sections of a community must be given a fair hearing, his insistence on total independence, accuracy, economic stability and the need for accepting modern progress. As chairman and managing director for 50 years of the newspaper, in which he and his family held the majority of shares, Kessler was able to ensure, at times after a struggle, that it followed his principles.


    1999: American-Jewish economist Joseph E. Stiglitz announced that he would resign as the World Bank's chief economist after using the position for nearly three years to raise pointed questions about the effectiveness of conventional approaches to helping poor countries".


    1999: Eight days after it had premiered, “End of Days” directed by Peter Hyams who also served as the cinematographer was released in the United States toda.


    2000(25th of Chehsvan, 5761): Maj. Sharon Arameh, 25, of Ashkelon was killed by Palestinian sniper fire in fighting near Neve Dekalim in the Gaza Strip.


    2000(25th of Cheshvan, 5761): Ariel Jeraffi, 40, of Petah Tikva, a civilian employed by the IDF, was killed by Palestinian fire as he travelled near Otzarin in the West Bank


    2000(25th of Cheshvan, 5761): Ariel Jeraffi, 40, of Petah Tikva, a civilian employed by the IDF, was killed by Palestinian fire as he travelled near Otzarin in the West Bank.


    2001(9th of Kislev, 5762): Eighty-three year old Jacob Landau, the Philadelphia native whose works can be found in in the permanent collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Library of Congress, the Museum of Modern Art, and the National Gallery past away today.



    2002: The New York Times book section features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or on topics of special Jewish interest including A Moral Reckoning The Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and Its Unfulfilled Duty of Repairby Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, The Punch by John Feinstein, Take on the Street: What Wall Street and Corporate America Don't Want You to Know: What You Can Do to Fight Backby Arthur Levitt, Rising to the Light: A Portrait of Bruno Bettelheim by Theron Raines and The Pity of It All: A History of Jews in Germany, 1743-1933 by Amos Elon.


    2002: The government adopts Resolution 2793 which provides the criteria for The Israel Antiquities Authority and the Old Acre Development Company, in cooperation with the Israel Lands Administration, to begin a rehabilitation and conservation project in Old Acre. The area where the work is to be done is called Block 10 and is located in the northwestern part of the city and represents the first of its kind effort in Acre since the creation of the modern state of Israel.


    2002(19th of Kislev, 5763): Eighty-year old Richard S. Lazarus who was ranked as one of the “one hundred most eminent psychologists of the 20th century” passed away today.



    2003(29th of Cheshvan, 5764):Rabbi Abraham Karp, a pulpit rabbi in Rochester, N.Y., and prominent scholar in American Jewish history, passed away today at the age of 82. Rabbi Karp, who served as spiritual leader of Temple Beth El in Rochester from 1956 to 1972, was a professor of history and religion at the University of Rochester until he retired in 1991 and was named professor emeritus of Jewish studies. He moved that year to New York, becoming adjunct professor of American Jewish history at the Jewish Theological Seminary of


    2005: The Israeli bobsled team, a.k.a. the “Frozen Chosen” has chosen to defrost this year away from the slopes.


    2006: The Jewish Daily Forward featured an interview with Rabbi Menachem Mendel Gershowitz.  The 26 year old Lubavitcher is the leader of the 5 Chabad Rabbis serving the needs of Kazakhstan’s 25,000 Jews. Rabbi Gershowitz stated that the treatment of the Jews of Kazakhstan bears no relationship to the images appearing in Sasha Cohen’s hit film “Borat.”  He is hoping that the movie never finds its way to Kazakhstan, as he fears it could hurt the warm relationship that the Kazakh president has with the Jewish community - and with Israel. ‘If he will think that the Jews are against him, and don’t like what he does, we will get the result,’ he said.


    2007: After two months, the first major UK production of “Parade,” a “musical that dramatizes the 1913 trial of Jewish factory manager Leo Frank” came to a close today.


    2007: Mark Dreyfus became a member of the Australian Parliament for the Division of Isaacs in the suburbs of Melbourne which was named after Sir Isaac Isaacs.


    2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, Ladino singers Janet and Jak Esim close the musical event with a blend of Judeo-Spanish melodies and song.


    2007: “David and Bat Sheba,” a new production of the COMPAS Dance Company premiers at Merkaz Habama, Ganei Tikva, Israel.


    2007: A mild earthquake registering 4.1 on the Richter scale was felt in central Israel shortly after midnight between Friday and Saturday, days after a 4.2 tremor struck the northern Dead Sea earlier this week. Police said they had received no reports of injuries or damage. Reports of the quake were recorded, among other places, in Ra'anana, Tel Aviv, Petah Tikva, Rehovot and Jerusalem, Army Radio reported. Seismology experts said the epicenter of the earthquake was east of the city of Ramle, Israel Radio reported Saturday morning.


    2008:As part of Works & Process at the Guggenheim in New York, a performance John Zorn’s Shir Ha-Shirim. Scored for five female voices and two narrators, Shir Ha-Shirim is John Zorn’s lush and sensitive setting of the Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s—perhaps the world’s first erotic verse. This romantic and lyrical project evokes feelings of love, eroticism, and spirituality and features a specially-commissioned dance work.


    2008: Sports Illustrated magazine features a “Jewish Triple Header” with stories about Rena Glickman, the Jewish grandmother recognized as the “mother of woman’s judo,” charges of insider trading leveled by the S.E.C. against Maverick’s owner Mark Cuban and plans by Lew Wolff to move the Oakland A’s to Fremont, CA where he has promised Bob Wasserman, the town’s Jewish mayor, he will be building a $500 million baseball stadium using his own money.  


    2008; Empire poultry which has already expanded its Turkey production to meet the demands of the Thanksgiving holiday reportedly is to begin “increasing its production of poultry today by 50%, thus putting about 100,000 more chickens on the market each week.”


    2008:The United States Department of Agriculture is now verifying and certifying “numerous” claims by livestock and poultry sellers for nonpayment, according to a court motion filed today by a U.S. attorney in New York. In an unusual action, the United States district attorney for the Eastern District of New York is asking a New York bankruptcy judge to send Agriprocessors’ bankruptcy case to Iowa. Criminal and regulatory actions in Iowa against the Postville kosher meat processor were one of the reasons he offered for moving the case. Under the Packers and Stockyard Act, Agriprocessors must meet strict payment schedules for the purchase of livestock and poultry from local sellers.


    2008: “The Jerusalem Foundation launched Jerusalem 2010, a campaign celebrating 150 years of British involvement in Jerusalem, at a special private event at London's Bevis Marks Synagogue. Sir Martin Gilbert, official biographer of Winston Churchill and author of the History of Jerusalem in the 19th Century, gave an address on 150 years of Britain and Jerusalem


    2009: In “N.F.L. Head Injury Study Leaders Quit” published today “Pulitzer Prize nominated” New York Timesman Alan Schwarz continued his long-running coverage of the effect “of concussions among football players of all ages.”



    2009: The British commission of inquiry chaired by Sir John Chilicot that was to examine the British role in the Iraq War which included Sir Martin Gilbert began its inquiry today,
    2009: The oldest complete Spanish Torah scroll will be up for sale at Sotheby's Judaica auction today. The scroll, the only Spanish Torah to include the kabalistic traditions of curved letters, has an estimated worth of $300,000-$500,000. Yitzchok Reisman, a world-renowned sofer (scribe), discovered the 730-year-old scroll about 10 years ago, and was able to date it and identify its origin.


    2009: In a program entitled “Above and Beyond attendees at the Washington DCJCC Learn over Lunch examine “The Origin of Ethics and Piety Out of the Pages of the Jewish Legal Tradition.”


    2009(7 Kislev, 5770): Eighty-five year old Abe Pollin “the owner of the N.B.A.’s Washington Wizards, who built the sports arena that revitalized downtown Washington and was known for his wide-ranging philanthropy, passed away. (As reported by Richard Goldstein)



    2010: The Yeshiva Beth Yehudah Annual Dinner is scheduled to take place at the Detroit Renaissance in Detroit, Michigan.


    2010: Holocaust survivors of Greek extraction will soon have their Greek citizenship restored in an expedited process, the country’s Deputy Foreign Minister Dimitrios Dollis, who accompanied Prime Minister George Papandreou on his official visit to Israel in late July, told The Jerusalem Post today. 2010(17thof Kislev, 5771): Joel Daner, a West Orange, NJ man who devoted his life to Jewish communal service, died today at Saint Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, a few days after his 72nd birthday. He had been suffering from cancer for several years.


    2010: Jonah Lerner and his wife Sarah Liebowitz bought the Shulman House (built of for photographer Julius Schulman) for $2, 250,000.


    2011: The Euro-Asian Jewish Congress is scheduled to meet today at the King David Citadel Hotel in Jerusalem where it is to elect businessman Vadim Shulman to be its new president


    2011: Family and friends gather to celebrate the birthday of Bill Gasway, husband, father, grandfather, recent Bar Mitzvah and pillar of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community.


    2011: Congressmen Ted Deutsch (D-FLA) and Steve Israel (D-NY) have asked US Comptroller-General Gene Dodaro to investigate the Palestinian Authority’s use of American funding, three weeks after MK Moshe Matalon (Israel Beiteinu) sent a letter informing the budget committees of the US Senate and House of Representatives of Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’s policy to pay murderers released from Israeli prisons $5,000 and build them new homes.


    2011: A group of Palestinians and Iranians protested today against former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert as he was speaking to members of the Jewish community at a synagogue in Bochum, Germany.


    2012: Millinery Center Synagogue is scheduled to present “The Controversial, The Amazing, and The Mystical Ideas in Judaism"


     2012: East Midwood Jewish Center, a conservative synagogue, in Brooklyn is scheduled to host a benefit concert for the displaced victims of Hurricane Sandy this evening.


    2012: Several armed groups belonging to Fatah in the Gaza Strip claimed today that they had also fired various types of rockets and missiles at Israel during Operation Pillar of Defense.


    2012: Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar said today that Iran will increase the military and economic aid to Gazan groups because of the victory Hamas claims against Israel in Operation Pillar of Defense.


    2013: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The State of Israel: ‘My Promised Land’ by Ari Shavit.


    2013: The 55th Venice Biennale International art festival which includes a Vatican exhibit “Creation, Un-Creation, Re-Creation” based on the first 11 chapters of Bereshit is scheduled to come to an end today. (As reported by JTA)


    2013(21stof Kislev, 5774): Eight-seven year old Mathew Bucksbaum, the native of Marshalltown, Iowa who went to become a successful realtor and mall developer passed away today,\.



    2013: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform in Camp Springs, MD.


    2013: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to Maurice Sendak’s “Pincus and the Pig” – “a Jewish version of Peter and the Wolf.”


    2013: At Temple Sinai in New Orleans, Rabbi Sheldon Zimmerman is scheduled to deliver a lecture “Law or Love? What Are We All About?” as part of the Murray Blackman Memorial Weekend. (As reported by the Crescent City Jewish News)


    2013: President Shimon Peres issued a special statement in which he addressed the deal signed last night between the P5+1 and Iran in Geneva.


    2013: Prime Minister Netanyahu made the following remarks at the Cabinet Meeting in response to the agreement signed by the P5+1 and Iran. “What was achieved last night in Geneva is not an historic agreement; it is an historic mistake.”


    2014: In Melbourne, “The Last Mentsch and “Gett, the Trial of Vivian Amsalem” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014(2ndof Kislev): Yarhrzeit of Rabbi Aharon Kotler, the Lithuanian born American rabbi who worked to persuade Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau to work to save the Jews of Europe and founded the Yeshiva at Lakewood, NJ.


    2014: “Coalition leaders decided today to delay a vote on the controversial “Jewish state” bill by one week, as ministers vowed to continue to oppose the measure even if it meant their jobs.” (As reported by Spencer Ho)


    2014: An officer sustained minor injuries this evening when “an Arab man driving a stolen car ran over him in Kikar Adam near Binyamin before fleeing the scene, security forces said tonight. (As reported by Ido Ben Porat, Cynthia Blank)


    2014: Ira Glass appeared on the Here's The Thing podcast.


    2014; “Israeli journalist and author Israel Zamir, the only son of Nobel laureate Isaac Bashevis Singer is scheduled to be buried at Kibbutz Beit Alfa, “his home for 77 years.”


    2015: Director Steven Spielberg, Israeli violinist Itzhak Perlman, singer Barbra Streisand, and playwright Stephen Sondheim are among those scheduled to be presented with the 2015 Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama at a White House ceremony today.


    2015: The U.S.-led peacekeeper force in the insurgency-wracked Sinai will remain unchanged after Egypt and Israel rebuffed proposals to trim it by about a fifth, an Egyptian official said today


    2015: Eighty-three year old Rita Berkowitz, a native of Romania who made Aliyah in 1951 “won the third annual Miss Holocaust Survivors Beauty Pageant in Haifa” today.


    2015(12th of Kislev, 5776): Ninety-one year old attorney M. Roland Nachman, the Montgomery, Alabama born son of a prominent department store owner, “who opposed The New York Times in a libel case that resulted in a landmark Supreme Court decision establishing greater leeway for newspapers and individuals to criticize government officials and other public figures” passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)



    2015: A memorial evening to honor Sir Martin Gilbert, of blessed memory, is scheduled to be held this evening in Central London.


    2016: Wildfires which Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu attributed to “natural and unnatural” causes “raged through central and northern Israel for a third day today, devouring forests, damaging homes and prompting the evacuation of thousands of people.”


    2016: As we sit down to celebrate Thanksgiving we pause to remember the 8thanniversary of the Mumbai Massacre which occurred on Thanksgiving in 2008 and counted among its victims Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg, 29; Rebbetzin Rivka Holtzberg, 28; Bentzion Kruman, 26; Rabbi Leibish Teitelbaum, 37; Yoheved Orpaz, 62 and Norma Shvarzblat Rabinovich, 50.



    2017: Today, “Health Minister Yaakov Litzman informed Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that he is stepping down after the government signed a deal for ongoing infrastructure work on rail lines to continue this Shabbat.”


    2017(6thof Kislev, 5778): Eighty-four year old Rabbi Neil Gillman, the son of Ernest and Rebecca Gillman who was “one of the premiere theologians of the Conservative movement” passed away today.


     (As reported by Joseph Berger)




    2017: The Oxford Jewish Society book club is scheduled to discuss Duties of the Heart this evening before services and the Shabbat dinner.


    2017: Today, “The Trump administration backtracked on its decision to order the Palestinians’ office in Washington to close, instead saying it would merely impose limitations on the office that it expected would be lifted after 90 days.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Leo Rosten whose works included The Joys of Yiddish continues today.


    2018(16thof Kislev, 5779): Shabbat Va-yishlach; for more see http://downhomedavartorah.blogspot.com/


    2018: In further testament to the vitality of small community Jewish Life, in Coralville, IA, Agudas Achim is scheduled to host the baby naming during Shabbat morning services of Mila Rose O’Neill.


    2018: The American Sephardi Federation and Chassida Shmella are scheduled to host the second day of an “authentic Ethiopian Jewish weekend.”


     



     



     



     



     



     


     


     


     


     


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    November 25

    2348 BCE: According to Archbishop James Ussher's Old Testament chronology, the Great Deluge ("Noah's Flood") began on this date.



    407 BCE: Yedanaiah petitioned Bagohi, the governor of Yehud to rebuild the Jewish Temple at Elephantine.



    http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/templeauth.html



    1120: The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, drowning William Adelin, son of Henry I of England.  The sinking of the ship would lead to chaos since William was Henry’s only male heir. When Henry, who treated his Jewish subjects well, passed away civil war broke out between the claimants to the throne. The crown went to King Stephen who was opposed by the Empress Matilda. Both monarchs raised cash from the Jews. Matilda had placed a levy on the Jews of Oxford and, on seizing the city, King Stephen demanded a levy three and a half times that of Matilda. The king forced payment by the simple expedient of burning the Jews’ houses one by one until the full sum was paid. On the other hand, King Stephen did protect his Jewish subjects from those who were going off to join the Second Crusade.  Things would improve for England and the Jews of England as well, when Henry I’s grandson, Henry II finally took the throne.


    1177:  Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeats Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.  The Crusader victory was one of their last in the Holy Land and only delayed the inevitable return of Jerusalem to Moslem control.  For Jews, Moslem control was comparatively better than Christian control.


    1277: Nicholas III began his papacy. “During his brief reign Nicholas displayed a considerable zeal for the conversion of the Jews. His bull Vineam sorce encouraged conversion through "sermons and other means." Copies of the document were sent (1278–79) to the *Franciscans and provincial priors of the *Dominicans in various provinces. Concurrently, however, he renewed the decisions of his predecessors forbidding the forcible baptism of Jews and protecting them from attacks by Christians. Nevertheless, several *Church councils and synods legislated against the free intercourse of Jews and Christians. It is not clear whether it was the supposed hostility of Nicholas or his mildness toward the Jews which prompted Abraham b. Samuel *Abulafia to announce his intention of visiting the pope to demand the release of captive Jews. (When he arrived, however, the pope was already on his deathbed.)” (As reported by Jewish Virtual Library)


    1357: Charles IV issued an edict protecting the Jews of Strasbourg. Two years later, amidst rumors about well-poisonings, 1,000 Jews would be burned and the remainder forcibly baptized.  Rumor trumped Royal Protection


    1420: Pope Martin Vfavorably reinstates old privileges of the Jews and orders that no child under the age of twelve can be forcibly baptized without parental consent


    1489:  A work popularly referred to as “Abudarham's Siddur” was published for the first time in Lisbon.  Actually the book was untitled by its author David Abudarham, a Jewish scholar who lived in Seville (Spain) in the first part of the 14th century.  He modestly referred to his work as “Ḥibbur Perush ha-Berakot we-ha-Tefillot."  In fact it was a commentary on the various prayers tracing their origins and providing information about their liturgical significance.  This volume proved to be so popular that it went through nine editions the last of which appeared in Warsaw in the middle of the 19th century.  The printer was Eliezer Alantansi who used a lion rampant on a shield as his printer’s mark. “In his first publication, the Tur Orah Hayyim (1485), it is framed in red; in his second book, the Tur Yoreh Deah (1487), the frame is black; in his third book, the undated Pentateuch [1487-88], the lion appears without a frame. The designer and cutter is probably Alfonso Fernandez de Cordoba, who, no doubt, created the beautiful types and ornaments for Alantansi's books.”


    1491:  The siege of Granada last Moorish stronghold in Spain began. When the siege is over, Spain will be united as a Catholic nation and Jews will be confronted with the choice of conversion or expulsion.


    1491: Muley Abdu-Abdallah, the last Moorish ruler of Granada signed a secrety treaty with Ferdinand and Isabella, in which he agreed to surrender the city and its surrounding territory at a future date (January, 1492).  Included in the terms was a provision that Jews were to be allowed the same rights of protection that were being extended to the Moors.  However, "relapsed Marranos" were given one month to leave the city.  After that time they would be turned over to the Inquisition.  Also, the Moorish King made the incoming Christian monarchs promise that no Jew would serve as an "officer of justice, tax-gather, or commissioner" if holding that position would mean that the Jew would have authority over any Muslim.


    1622:  "Christian IV, King of Denmark, addressed a letter to the Jewish Council of Amsterdam asking them to encourage some of their members to settle in his state.  He promised them freedom of worship and other favorable privileges."


    1626: Sixty year old Edward Alleyn the English actor who was the first to play the title role of “Barabas” in Marlowe’s “Jew Of Malta” passed away today.


    1707(1st of Kislev, 5468):Jente Opennheimer passed away today in Vienna.


    1738: Birthdate of German mathematician Thomas Abbt who in 1763 entered a competition that was sponsored by the Berlin Academy for an essay on the application of mathematical proofs to metaphysics that was won by Moses Mendelssohn whom Abbt “yearned” to have as “his close friend” and to whom he “poured out…the deepest meditations of his troubled soul.”


    1744: Austrian soldiers killed an untold number of Jews in Prague.


    1761(1st of Kislev): The first Jewish social and civic club in North America was founded in Newport, RI


    1769: Lazarus Eliezer Leiser Joseph van Geldern the son of Joseph Jacob Juspa van Geldern and Braeunle Brunella van Geldern passed away in Duesseldorf where he had been born in 1695.


    1783: American forces retake New York from the British. Jews who had fled the British were able to return. Jews who were loyal to the Crown left along with other Loyalists making their homes in Canada or returning to England. Many of the Jews had taken refuge in Philadelphia, including Raabi Gershom Mendez Seixas who returned to the pulpit at Shearith Israel.


    1795:  Stanislaus August Poniatowski the last king of independent Poland, is forced to abdicate and is exiled to Russia.  This marks the last act in the third and final partition of Poland.  “Polish” Jews now live in Austria, Germany and Russia.  As a result of the partition of Poland, Russia ended up with millions of Jews.  The Czars had worked long and hard to make and keep their empire “Jew free.”  Their greed for Polish land created their “Jewish problem.”  The shift from Poland to Russia dealt a mortal blow to the welfare of the Jewish people for the duration of the 19thcentury and on into the 20th century.


    1799(27thof Cheshvan, 5560): In Frankfurt am Main, Benedict-Benedikt Moses Worms and Schönche Jeanette Worms gave birth to Zerline Worms who became Zerline Beyfus after her marriage.


    1802: In Prague gave Michael Klapp, the son of Wolf Klapp and his wife Sara gave birth to Abraham Klapp


    1806: Birthdate of French financier Isaac Pereire who was the grandson of Jacob Rodrigues Pereire. During the 19th century, the Pereires were financiers on a par with the Rothschilds.  Unlike the Rothschilds, the Piereires were Sephardim who traced their ancestry to Portugal. (As reported by Meyer Kayersling, Isidore Singer and Jacques Kahn) 


    1818: Today’s “report of the Administration of the Margraviate of Saxony shows that it intended to expel Joseph Friedlander” effective November 1, 1819.


    1823: Birthdate of Francis Joseph Schuster, the Frankfurt born merchant and convert to Christianity who moved to Manchester in 1866 to continue his career


    1829: Henry Abrahams married Ann Barnett today at the Great Synagogue.


    1829: In Zerbst, Jakob Hirsch, a merchant, and Bertha Elkisch Bendix gave birth to Jenny Hirsch wrote for the Bazarunder the pseudonym J. N. Heynrichs until 1864 when she became active in the cause of women’s rights.



    1830: Birthdate of Breslau native Lina Bauer, who gained fame Lina Morgenstern, the wife of Theodore Morgenstern whom she married in 1850 and who was a noted author, feminist, pacifist and a member of the German Peace Society as well as the mother of five children – Clara, Olga, Martha, Michael and Alfred.


    1838: In New York Benvenida Solis and Leon Ritterband gave birth to Joseph Ritterband, the first of their seven children.


    1850: Abraham Einstein and Helene Moos gave birth to Jakob Einstein a younger brother of Hermann Einstein.


    1852: A banquet celebrating the 31st anniversary of the Hebrew Benevolent Society began at 8 pm in New York City’s Chinese Assembly Rooms on Broadway.  The evening raised over $5,000 in donations which ranged in amounts from $10 to $150.


    1853: The New York Times reported that yesterday, which was celebrated as day of Thanksgiving by the people of New York, "the Jews laid the cornerstone of a new hospital for people of their persuasion."


    1853: “The Jews In Europe” published today focused on the treatment of the Jews by the government of Austria. Reports “that the Austrian Government has revived the system of intolerance against the Jewish subjects” were misleading because “there was no need of a revival of the system of intolerance, because the Austrian Government have at all times been cruel and malicious against the unfortunate Jewish inhabitants.”


    1856 (27th of Cheshvan): Danish philanthropist Simon Aaron Eibeschuetz passed away


    1856: Four days after she had passed away, Anne Cohen, the wife of Abraham Cohen was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”


    1858: Birthdate of Paul Haupt, the German born American Assyriologist who “projected and edited the Polychrome Bible, a critical edition of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, and a new English translation with notes” and published critical texts of the following with notes: Canticles (1902), Koheleth (1905), Ecclesiastes (1905), Nahum (1907), Esther (1908) and Micah (1910)


    1858: Today Solomon Beyfus was admitted to the Freedom of the City of London today “declaring that his father, Gotze Philip Beyfus late of Birmingham, was teacher of languages and had lived at 7 Bury Street in the City of London, a location adjacent to the Bevis Marks Synagogue.”


    1859: Today, for the second time,  the Jewish Chronicle published an advertisement “for a German Lady to teach in her own language and to give instruction in Hebrew” from a “Ladies’ school” in Dover “where the number of pupils is small and where there are resident French and English Governesses


    1863: Max Maretzek, the Moravian born American-Jewish maestro conducted the first performance of "Faust" in America


    1863: During the Civil War, the Union broke the Confederate stranglehold at Chattanooga with the Battle of Missionary Ridge where Colonel Frederick “Knefler was in command of the combined 79th Indiana and 86th Indiana infantry regiments that led the unexpected charge up the center of the ridge and which led to his being “complimented” for the unexpected charge up the hill and for one of his fellow officers to write that Knefler ““richly merits a commission as brigadier-general for his gallantry displayed in the charging and taking of Missionary Ridge.”


    1864:British statesman Benjamin Disraeli declared in a speech: 'Man is a being born to believe, and if no church comes forward with all the title deeds of truth, he will find altars and idols in his own heart and his own imagination.'  Disraeli had been baptized at his father’s insistence.  Disraeli was proud of his Jewish heritage and often vilified for it by his political enemies.


    1865: In Cleveland, Ohio, founding of the Ungarischer Frauen Unterstutzungs Verein which meets on the “third Sunday of the month” and “pays a sick benefit.”


    1869: New York businessman Daniel McFarland fatally shot New York Tribune reporter Albert Deane Richardson in front of Daniel Frohman, Jew from Ohio who was working as a clerk at the paper and would go to become a famous theatrical and film director.


    1871: “The Bells, a play in three acts by Leopold Davis Lewis opened today at the Lyceum Theatre in London for the first of 151 performances.  “The Bells is a translation by Leopold Lewis of the 1867 play Le Juif Polonais (The Polish Jew) by Erckmann-Chatrian.”


    1871: A pair of pantaloons which had been left hanging in front of a Jewish clothing store at No. 6 on Main Street in Brooklyn was stolen tonight.


    1873: Birthdate of Russian born “Israeli engineer and businessman” Moshe Novomeysky who “was an early developer of the Palestine Potash Company.”


    1874: Carol Schurz delivered a lecture at the Steinway Hall in New York as part of a course sponsored by the Hebrew Young Men’s Association.


    1877: “Joseph II and the Jews” published today traces the history and impact of The Toleration Edict promulgated by the Austrian monarch.


    1880: Rabbi de Sola Mendes delivered a talk in which he uses the “Passion Play” as an example of what he calls “Religion Out of Place.”


    1880: In Offenburg, Germany David and Fanny Kahn gave birth to Adolf Kahn the husband of Bertha Kahn, both of whom were murdered during the Holocaust.


    1880: In London, Marie (nee de Jongh) and Solomon “Sidney” Rees Woolf gave birth to author, publisher and civil servant Leonard Sidney Woolf, the husband of fellow author Virginia Woolf.


    1880: It was reported today that Arthur Lieberman, the Jew who committed suicide in Syracuse was a Nhilist from Russia. He fled the country to avoid arrest after having written a pamphlet espousing his beliefs.  Apparently he shot himself because he was despondent over having to leave his family.


    1881: Alexander and Ida Kursheedt gave birth to Jessie Millier


    1881: Birthdate of Jacob Fichman the Moldavian born Hebrew writer who twice won the Biliak Prize and was awarded the Israel Prize for literature in 1957, a year before his death.


    1881: Birthdate Angelo Roncalli.  Roncalli would enter history as John XXIII, the Pope of Reform who tried to improve relations between the Church and the Jewish People


    1881: “A large number of” Jewish immigrants from Russia were among the 1,338 passengers who arrived at Castle Garden aboard the SS Silesia.


    1883: “Peace in Galilee” published today described a visit to Bukeia, “an interesting community of Jews who maintain that they are the descendants of families who were not dispersed and that they are the only Jews in the whole of Palestine whose direct ancestors inhabited the same spot and cultivated the same land prior to the destruction of Jerusalem.”


    1883: Pere Hyacinthe delivered a talk on “Catholic Reform in France” at New York’s Presbyterian Church during which he said that “Judaism is recognized in France and I am glad of it.”


    1884: The Brooklyn Academy was the scene for tonight’s Grand Ball sponsored by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.


    1885: It was reported today that there are 70 boys enrolled in the Hebrew Technical Institute on Crosby Street.


    1886: Mrs. Tillie Bernheimer (or Miss Lillie) provided Thanksgiving Dinner for the children at the United Hebrew Charities’ Industrial School on St. Mark’s Place.


    1886: Birthdate of New Orleans native Percy Abraham Lemann, who matriculated at VMI in 1902 where he was part of the Class of 1906


    1887: It was reported today that Dr. Joseph Silverman preached a Thanksgiving Day sermon at Temple Emanu-El entitled “Religious Liberty” in which he said “We meet today as Jews and Americans…as Jews in religion and as Americans in citizenship.”


    1888: It was reported today that the Industrial School sponsored by the United Hebrew Charities plans to provide a Thanksgiving dinner at the school this year.


    1889: Jacob Levy, a recent Jewish immigrant from Poland was beaten today when he mistakenly opened the door to the wrong apartment.


    1890: Dr. H. M. Leipziger presented the claims of the Jews in Russia at today’s meeting of the New York Bureau of the Siberian Exile Petition Association a non-denominational group whose Executive Committee included Jacob H. Schiff.


    1890: The funeral for Hannah Primrose, Countess of Rosebery, the daughter of Juliana and Mayer de Rothschild was held at the Willesden Jewish Cemetery.


    1890: In Bristol, England, Barnett (Dovber) and Hacha Rosenberg, native of Dvinsk gave birth to British poet Isaace Rosenberg who while serving as a Private in the 11th (Service) Battalion of The King's Own Royal Lancaster Regimentwas killed on the Western Front at the age of 27 on April 1, 1918.  He was the author of Poems from the Trenches which are considered by some to be among themost outstanding poems written during the First World War. “In The Great War and Modern Memory, Paul Fussell's landmark study of the literature of the First World War, Fussell identifies Rosenberg's Break of Day in the Trenchesas ‘the greatest poem of the war.’"


    Break of Day in the Trenches



    The darkness crumbles away.



    It is the same old druid time has ever,



    Only a live thing leaps my hand,



    A queer sardonic rat,



    As I pull the parapet’s poppy



    To stick behind my ear.



    Droll rat, they would shoot you if they knew



    Your cosmopolitan sympathies.



    Now you have touched this English hand



    You will do the same to a German



    Soon, no doubt, if it be your pleasure



    To cross the sleeping green between.



    It seems you inwardly grin as you pass



    Strong eyes, fine limbs, haughty athletes



    Less chanced than you for life,



    Bonds to the whims of murder,



    Sprawled in the bowels of the earth,



    The torn fields of France.



    What do you see in our eyes



    At the shrieking iron and flame



    Hurled through still heavens?



    What quaver - what heart aghast?



    Poppies whose roots are in man’s veins



    Drop, and are ever dropping;



    But mine in my ear is safe,



    Just a little white with the dust.



    He was killed on April 1, 1918 while fighting on the Western Front. His self-portrait hangs in the British National Portrait Gallery.



    1892: Birthdate of Dresden native Max Ehrlich “one of the great comics of the pre-war Berlin whose last performance was reportedly at Auschwitz.



    http://holocaustmusic.ort.org/places/camps/western-europe/westerbork/max-ehrlich/



    1893: Herman Lottmann who has owned a saloon for years in Brooklyn “announced today that he intended to quit the liquor business because “I am a Jew” who has been harassed by a gang of Irish ruffians for the past year and the courts have been no help.  “Lottmann said his wife had threatened to leave him if he had license renewed.



    1894(10th of Kislev, 5716): In Berlin, fifty year old Dr. Arnold Heinrich Bodek, “also known Aaron Chaim” the husband of Malwine Malva Bodek, passed away today.



    1895:Herzl begins a two days visit Colonel Goldsmid, leader of the British Hovevei Zion (Lovers of Zion) Movement, in Cardiff, Wales.



    1896: After his return to Vienna, Herzl reworks the "Rede an die Rothschilds" and a new work finally emerges: Der Judenstaat: Versuch einer modernen Lösung der Judenfrage or in English The Jewish State: An Attempt at a Modern Solution of the Jewish Question. “Theodore Herzl's pamphlet Der Judenstaat, The Jewish State, heralded the coming of age of Zionism….In The Jewish State, Herzl envisioned that diplomatic activity would be the primary method for attaining the Jewish State and he called for the organized transfer of Jewish communities to the new state. Of the location of the state, Herzl said, ‘We shall take what is given us, and what is selected by public opinion.’ Herzl's The Jewish State included social innovations such as the seven-hour working day. In general, he was interested in an economy where free enterprise and state involvement went hand-in-hand. It was to be a modern, sophisticated and technologically advanced and Europeanized society. The Jewish Stateestablished Herzl as the leader of Zionism, and the "father of the Zionist Idea." Zionist also provoked considerable opposition, in particular from the assimilationst Jews of Central and Western Europe. The book became required reading for all Zionists and was taken as the basic platform of political Zionism. In conclusion, he wrote: ‘And what glory awaits those who fight unselfishly for the cause! Therefore I believe that a wondrous generation of Jews will spring into existence. The Maccabeans will rise again. Let me repeat once more my opening words: The Jews who wish for a State will have it. We shall live at last as free men on our own soil, and die peacefully in our own homes. The world will be freed by our liberty, enriched by our wealth, magnified by our greatness. And whatever we attempt there to accomplish for our own welfare, will react powerfully and beneficially for the good of humanity.’” 



    For more information about The Jewish State and complete copy of the text see http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/index.html, click on the icon “Israel” scroll down to Zionism, and then go to  Excerpts From Herzl's The Jewish State.



    1897(30th of Cheshvan, 5658): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1897: Dr. Gustav Gottheil will deliver a sermon entitled “The Most Religious Day of the Year in America” during Thanksgiving Services at Temple Emanu-El which begin at 11 a.m.



    1897: At New York’s Agudath Yesharim(Jersharim), Rabbi J.P. Solomon will officiate at the Thanksgiving Services starting at 3 p.m.



    1897: Two days after he had passed away, 70 year old Morris Lack was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”



    1897: The Young Men’s Hebrew Association will lead Thanksgiving Services at Temple B’Nai Jeshrun beginning at 3 p.m.



    1897: “The children of the Industrial and Sabbath Schools of the United Hebrew Charities will have a Thanksgiving Dinner today at 58 St. Mark’s Place at noon.



    1897: The Cadet Corps of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum provide a full dress parade as part of the today’s Thanksgiving celebration.



    1897: The Hebrew Orphan Asylum on Amsterdam will hold services 3 pm.



    1897: Emile Zola addressed a letter to Le Figaro that might have been called “The Injustice of French Justice” since the author “intimated that he believed Dreyfus was innocent” and that he had the proof for this belief.  The letter ended “The truth is on the way; nothing can stop it.”



    1897: “To Begin Its Receptions” published today described plans for a series of upcoming functions hosted by the Young Folks’ League of the Hebrew Infant Asylum.



    1898: Birthdate of Regina Gotlop, the native of Tarnow, Poland who was part of Convoy 25 that left Drancy for Auschwitz on August 28, 1942



    1898: “Former Counsel General…Opposes Expansion” published today provided the view Simon Wolf, the former United States Counsel to Egypt on how this country should deal with Cuba and the Philippines, countries that were part of the Spanish Empire until the recent U.S. victory in the Spanish-American War.  Wolf is opposed to annexation.  He thinks that we should develop a special relationship with both of them, in the way that England has with Egypt.  But he believes that we must make them independent and not annex them.  (The disposition of former parts of the Spanish Empire including Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Philippines was “a hot political topic” at the end of the 19thcentury and is interesting that a leading Jewish statesman would take the stand for individual and national liberty as opposed to imperial expansion.)



    1899: The final performance of “The Children of the Ghetto” will take place tonight at the Herald Square Theatre.



    1899: Mme. Nevada’s final performance this evening at the Metropolitan Opera House was a fund-raiser for the benefit of the Hebrew Infant Asylum which is need of help to pay for the “recent heavy expenditures” resulting from the modernization and enlargement of its facility on Eagle Avenue and 161stStreet.



    1899(23rd of Kislev, 5660): Eighty-seven year old Jewish merchant and philanthropist Marcus Nordheim whose assets amounted to 10 million marks part of which were used to establish the Nordheim Foundation, passed away today.



    1900: At Cape May, NJ. Meyer S. Isaacs presided over the ceremonies held to dedicate De Hirsch Hall, the new dormitory of the Baron de Hirsch Agricultural and Industrial School at Woodbine.  Woodbine an agricultural colony founded 12 years ago.  With a population of 1,000, it is the most successful De Hirsch funded colony in New Jersey.



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9900E2DA133EE333A25755C2A9679D946197D6CF



    1901: It was reported today Marks Arnheim has spent the last three days looking for the person who has printed and distributed circulars urging a boycott of his tailoring shop on the corner of Broadway and 9thStreet in New York.



    1902: Birthdate of Morris Lapidus, the Russian-born American architect who was responsible for the design of resort hotels in Miami and Miami Beach in the 1950’s.



    1903: In Boston, the Sons of Zion is scheduled to host a ball today.



    1903: Birthdate of Henri Samuel Sack, the Swiss-born, American holder of a “doctorate in experimental physics who worked at Zurich University and was “a resident associate in applied physics at Cornell University” becoming a full professor in 1949 while working on “applied physics, supersonics, analog computers and the elastic properties of solids.



    1904(17th of Kislev,5665): Seventy-four year old Henry Strauss, a native of Alsace who served in the 10th Mississippi Infantry and was buried in the Beth Israel Cemetery, passed away today.



    1905: Soprano Lina Abarbanell, the Berlin born daughter of Paul Abarbanell, “a descendent of a prominent Sephardic Jewish family of Bulgarian descent, was a well-known Berlin musical director” made “her debut today at the Metropolitan Opera House as “Hansel” in “Hansel und Gretel.”



    1905: Today, President Dabney of the University of Cincinnati spoke at Hebrew Union College during the celebration marking “the 250thanniversary of the settlement of Jews in America.”



    1905: After 3 months, “Catch of the Season,” a two act musical produced by Charles Frohman was performed for the last time at Daly’s Theatre in New York.



    1905: Mr. Arnold Kohn said today “that although the contributions at the State Bank” deposited into the fund for the Russian Jews “came mostly from the poor” $20,000 has been deposited in to the account.



    1905: Jacob H. Schiff received a letter today from Jacob G. Schurman, the President of Cornell University in which he enclosed his check “for the fund in relief of the suffering Jews of Russia whose terrible condition appeals to the universal heart of mankind.”  Schurman, a native of Canada whose family came from the Netherlands wrote, “The atrocities of the Russian mob have been beyond all description or imagination.  Such an exhibition of bigotry, intolerance and racial hatred has seldom if ever, disgraced the history of the mankind.  And to crown the horrors of it, the fiendish mob invoke the name of Jesus of Nazareth, who preached good will to men…”



    1907: The Neu-Isenburg orphanage for Jewish girls (Mädchenwohnheim Neu-Isenburg) founded by Bertha Pappenheim began operation today.



    1908(1st of Kislev, 5669): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1908(1st of Kislev, 5669): A.M. Edelweiss passed away in Cuba.



    1909: In New York City, William and Gussie (Goldenberg) Feuer gave birth Columbia Law School trained attorney Mortimer Feuer, a “partner firm Hays, Feuer, Porter & Spanier” and the first vice president of the Amsterdam Democratic who married Louis Younker Gottschall with whom he had two sons – Thomas and Richard.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1969/12/18/78549458.pdf



    https://prabook.com/web/mortimer.feuer/1067608



    1909: Turks resolve to grant all requested privileges to Jewish soldiers, except kosher food



    1910: Birthdate of Léon Poliakov, the Russian born French historian whose field of expertise was Holocaust and anti-Semitism. In November 1950, Poliakov wrote "The Vatican and the 'Jewish Question' - The Record of the Hitler Period-And After," in the influential Jewish journal Commentary which was the first article to consider the attitude of the papacy during World War II and the Holocaust.



    1911: “Replying to inquiries from Mr. O’Grady, MP, Sir Edward Grey, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs” stated  “that the Government is aware of discrimination against English Jews practiced by the Russian Government in the matter of passports; that no agreement countenancing such discrimination exists between Great Britain and Russia; and that so long as the ‘Russian regulations respecting person of the Jewish faith are applied to all persons alike, irrespective of nationality, which His Majesty’s Government have reason to believe to the case, they have no treaty grounds for protest.”



    1911: The “North Manchester Synagogue” adopted “resolutions regretting that invitations to the forthcoming conference on the Chief Rabbinate have been withheld from a number of congregations and declaring that no Chief Rabbi will be recognized as spiritual head of British Jewry who has not been chosen by votes of all Orthodox Hebrew Congregations of Great Britain and Ireland.”



    1912(15th of Kislev, 5673): Sixty-two year old Isidor Raynor who represented the Fourth Congressional District of Maryland from 1887 to 1889 and 1891 to 1895 and served as U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1905 until today, passed away.



    1912: ‘The next regular meeting of the Junior Auxiliary of the Mother’s Aid of the Chicago Lying-In Hospital and Dispensary is scheduled to be held at 2 o’clock this afternoon in the vestry rooms of  Temple Isaiah in Chicago, Illinois.



    1912: The following article entitled “Daughters of Jacob Honor Ida Straus” described the memorial ceremony commemorating the life of this Jewess who went down with her husband on the Titanic.



     In the presence of an audience of 600 persons, including all of the members of the Straus family, a memorial tablet in honor of Ida Straus was unveiled yesterday at the Home of the Daughters of Jacob, an institution for aged men and women at 301 and 303 East Broadway. Impressive services marked the official dedication of the tablet, which has been mounted upon the wall of the large auditorium to the right of the main entrance.The large bronze casting bears the raised profile of Mrs. Straus upon the centre, directly under the inscription; “The Ida Straus Memorial of the Home of the Daughters of Jacob.” On one side are the words “Her life was beautiful” and the date in the Hebrew calendar of Mrs. Straus’s birth, “Shebat 14, 5609.” On the other side is the inscription “Her death was glorious,” and the date of the Titanic disaster, “Nisan 28, 5672.” Below the profile are the words:To the everlasting memory of Mrs. Ida Straus, one of the noble and heroic daughters in Israel, the hospital wards of this home are dedicated. She perished on the high seas in the Titanic disaster, together with her husband, Isidor Straus, statesman, philanthropist, and merchant, persistenly [sic] refusing to be saved that she might remain to cheer the last moments of her life’s companion.



    Beneath is this quotation:



    Where thou Diest Will I Die, and There Will I Be Buried. RUTH



    The Rev. Dr. Nathan Abramson opened the dedication services with a hymn, in which he led a selected chorus of sixteen voices. The Rev. H. Pereira Mendes delivered the opening prayer, in which he expressed the hope that the example of the heroic and devoted wife in whose memory the tablet was erected and to whose lasting fame the wards of the hospital were dedicated might be forever an inspiration to the women of her race and ancient creed.  Dr. Henry Fleischman, President of the Educational Alliance, made the principal address. He lauded the modest charity and kindliness of Mrs. Straus and the great unselfish works of her husband in the public service. Other speakers were Joseph Barondes of the Board of Education, the Rev. Dr. Schulman, pastor of the Congregation of Beth-El; the Rev. H. Masliansky of the People’s Synagogue, and Gustavus A. Rogers, who acted as Chairman. The most impressive incident of the dedication occurred when the 186 inmates of the home, led by Supt. Albert Kruger, filed slowly into the auditorium and took their seats in the front rows. The oldest of the feeble and decrepit men and women was said to be almost 108, and the youngest in the procession more than 70 years old. Just before the close of the exercises they arose and with quavering voices chanted aloud in unison a prayer for the eternal happiness of their departed benefactress. Among those seated on the platform were Mr. and Mrs. Percy Straus, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar S. Straus, Mrs. Nathan Straus, Herbert Straus, Jesse I. Straus, Mrs. Weil, Mr. and Mrs. Lazarus Kohns, and Mr. Lee Kohns. At the close of the exercises the members of the Straus family group, together with a few intimate friends, made a tour of inspection of the new hospital wards of the home.



    1913: Birthdate of Robert Friend, the American born “poet and translator” who made Aliyah and became “a professor of English literature at Hebrew University.”



    1914(5th of Kislev, 5675): While fighting on the Western Front during WW I, twenty-seven year old  Lt. F.A. De Pass, a Jewish officer from London died while he and an Indian soldier faced German machine-gun fire for two hundred yards, to bring in a badly wounded Indian lying in No-Man’s Land.



    1914: “Zangwill Lauds Schiff” published today defends Jacob Schiff saying this his proposal “for a conference to end Prussian Militarism” does not make him a “mouthpiece of Berlin” but shows him as one who draws on his Jewish background and “speaks…with the voice of Jersualem.



    1914: “Britain Will Protect Jews” published today provides the response of the British Ambassador to questions about the British protecting the rights of German Jews in lands they may conquer by saying that “Jews of all nationalities who may come under British control can of course count on the same protection and liberal treatment which England has always extended to them.”



    1914: “For the Relief of Jews” published today provided a list of contributors to the fund including Rabbi J.S. Levy of Waco, TX , Joe Matz of Pocahontas, VA and Mrs. Charles Fryer of Muscatine, IA.



    1915: According to a dispatch from the Associated Press the Russians dynamited much of Brest-Litvosk, destroying three quarters of the houses before retreating from the Polish city and leaving a mass of refugees most of whom were Jewish and were forced to seek refuge in the swamps where many of the “died of malignant diseases.”



    1915: Max Meyerson, Commissioner of Education Isadore M. Levy, Magistrate Samuel D. Levy and Abram I. Elkus were among the speakers at the Thanksgiving exercises held by the Hebrew Sheltering Immigrant Aid Society tonight during which they explained “the newcomers what reasons they had for being thankful” including the fact that they were not being exposed to the “horrors in war-ridden Europe.”



    1915: Today, following “a second consecutive poor harvest” and decrease in population of “almost two-thirds” the state of Utah order the termination of title of the Jewish agricultural colony at Clarion.


    1915: On Thanksgiving, Jacob H. Schiff spoke to the 450 inmates at the Montefiore Home and Hospital for Chronic Invalids many of whom who “could not leave their cots “and asked them to be thankful that America was enjoying peace.”


    1915: Philip Watenberger of the Bronx, presided over a meeting at McKinley Casion where “some 3,000 persons” heard “an appeal for aid for the suffering Jews of Poland, made homeless because of the war.”



    1915: Months after Leo Frank was taken from the Milledgeville prison, members of the Knights of Mary Phagan burned a gigantic cross on top of Stone Mountain, reportedly inaugurating a revival of the Ku Klux Klan. The group was led by William J. Simmons and attended by 15 charter members and a few aging survivors of the original Klan.


     


    1915: It was reported today that among those being considered to replace the later Dr. Solomon Schechter as President of the Jewish Theological Seminary are “Dr. Buchler, head of the Jews’ College in London and Dr. Toznanski of the Jewish Institute in Petrograd.”

     

    1915: In London, The Times publishes a letter from Israel Zangwill takes issue with an interview it had published with Jacob Schiff in which its correspondent apparently made it seem like Schiff spoke for Germany.  Zangweill contends that he is “noblest of millionaires” engaged in “philanthropic work” who is one of the most patriotic Americans I have ever known.”  “Descended from a long-line of Jewish rabbis and scholars (one of his ancestors was Chief Rabb of the Great Synagogue of London in the eighteenth century) Jacob Schiff himself might sat to Lessing for a portrait of ‘Nathan der Wise.’”


    1915: Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel, the member of a prominent Anglo-Jewish family succeeded Winston Churchill as the Chancellor of the Duchy Lancaster in the government headed by Prime Minister Henry Asquith



    1915(18th of Kislev, 5676): Eighty-three year old Michel Jules Alfred Bréal, the French philologist who was responsible for the marathon being part of the first modern Olympics passed away today.



    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0004_0_03483.html



    1916(22nd of Cheshvan, 5677): Parashat Chayei Sara



    1916: According to an article written by a member of the Reichstag that appeared in the Tageblatt today, “the Prussian Government has also been lucky in solving the Jewish religious problem in Poland” because unlike the Czar’s Government, “the German Governor of Poland has granted the Jews of Poland far-reaching self-government respecting their religious institutions and has accorded them all the religious rights recognized by State.”  (Editor’s note – this is only one example of why some Jews in the United States did not want to enter the World War on the side of the allies because that would have been supporting the anti-Semitic government of the Czar.)



    1916: Synagogues on New York’s east side are scheduled hold memorial services honoring Austrian Emperor Franz Josef who passed away earlier this week.



    1916: The replacement of Boris Stürmer an anti-Semite “suspected of being pro-German” as Prime Minister in Russia with Alexander Trepov “was hailed by liberals” and those who were worried about Russia continuing the war against Germany.



    1916: In Berlin, “during the course of the discussion of the budget before the committee of the Reichstag” it was suggested that Germany employ Jews in Poland while also looking using “the population of occupied territories for work in Germany.”



    1917:The New York Section of the Council of Jewish Women dedicated the first shelter for “homeless and friendless” Jewish women discharged or paroled from New York City and New York state jails. Speakers at the dedication included the prominent rabbi Stephen S. Wise and Deaconess Young, who directed another home for “friendless women” in the same neighborhood. Although the home was founded to serve Jewish women, the president of the New York Council section affirmed that “no unfortunate woman of any race, creed or color would be refused aid if she needed it.”



    1917: The Provisional Zionist Committee, chaired by Stephen S. Wise, “sent a cable message of greetings and congratulation to the Zionist mass meeting what held in London” celebrating the adoption of the Balfour Declaration. 



    1917:  A mass meeting of Zionists attended by Lord Walter Lionel Rothschild, Chaim Weitzman, President of the British Zionist Federation and Rabbi Moses Gaster was held in London this evening designed “to celebrate the promise by the British Government ot support the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine.



    1917: A contribution of $200 from Witty Brothers, the New York men’s clothing store was among those listed today by the American Jewish Relief Committee.



    1917: Among the contributions listed today by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering through the War included $1,436 from the committee in Dubuque, IA, $236 from the committee in Iowa City, IA, $135 from the committee in Keokuk, IA, $300 from the committee in Mason City, IA, $301 from the committee in Muscatine, IA and $286 from the committee in Ottumwa, IA.



    1918: It was reported today that “the Administrative Committee for an American Jewish Congress will meet tomorrow to fix a new date for the” convening of the congress which is to deal with the questions of Jewish nationality in Palestine and the guaranteeing of equal rights for Jews in all  the countries of Europe.



    1920: Thanksgiving observed in the United States.



    1920: The 23rd annual convention of the ZOA is scheduled to begin to in Buffalo, NY.



    1920: The Young Women’s Hebrew Association is scheduled to “hold services dedicated to the memory of the late Jacob H. Schiff” this evening which the entire neighborhood is invited to attend.



    1922: Wake University “under head coach George Levene” lost to North Carolina State for its third straight loss at home.



    1924(27th of Cheshvan, 5685): Ninety-two year old Jules Worms, the French painter and engraver who was appointed a Knight of the Legion of Honour in 1876 passed away today after which he was “buried in Paris Montparnasse Cemetery , Section 5.



    1925: In Moscow, silent film actress Rachel Messerer-Plisetskaya and Mikhai “Misha” Plisetski, a diplomat, engineer and mine director, gave birth to ballet dancer, choreographer, ballet director, and actress Maya Plisetskaya.



    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/03/arts/dance/maya-plisetskaya-ballerina-who-embodied-bolshoi-dies-at-89.html?_r=0



     



    1926: In Brooklyn “Jewish immigrants Irene (Sperling) and Abraham Schisgal, a tailor, gave birth to playwright and screenwriter Murray Schisgal whose hits include Luv and Tootsie.



    1927(1st of Kislev, 5688): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1927(1st of Kislev, 5688): Morris Ganss, who had been born in Maryland in August of 1865 and was the husband of Helen Peyer and father of Harold Ganss passed away today after which he was buried in the Hebrew Cemetery at Washington, D.C.



    1927: Yehudi Menuhin was the soloist with New York Symphony Orchestra today where he played the Beethoven Violin Concerto. His performance won audience approval and critical acclaim and marked the start of tours through the United States and Europe.



    1928: In Syracuse, NY, David A. Brown of Detroit, “the national chairman of the United Jewish campaign raise $25,000,000 Jewish activities” “declared tonight at the first joint gathering of Zionists and non-Zionists” that “Jews through the world will benefit from the agency recently formed in Palestine for relief work under the coordinating support of all Zionist movements.”



    1928: A photograph of “Masons Hillsborough Lodge No. 25” published today included Henry Brash, Abe Maas and Isaac Mass provided evident of the level of acceptance of Jews in the Tampa community.



    1931: According to figures released by the census authorities, of the 1,035,154 inhabitants of Palestine, 387,525 live in Palestine’s major cities including 90,526 in Jerusalem, 51,876 in Jaffa, 46,109 in Tel Aviv and 50,869 for Haifa.  “There is an almost equal number of men an women in nearly all the urban localities, the total being 197,307 males and 190,218 females.” Since the last census conducted in 1922, “purely Arab areas showed less than a 1 per cent increase in population…while the mixed Arab-Jewish residential localities showed a 30 per cent rise indicating a higher measure of prosperity during the past decade.”



    1932: U.S. premiere of “Rockabye” a drama directed by George Cukor and produced by David O. Selznick.



    1933(7th of Kislev, 5694): Seventy-three year old Sarah Hexter, a native of Brandeburg, German who was the wife of Max Hexter with who she had three children passed away today in Cincinnati, Ohio.



    1933: Max Born received a letter from Werner Heisenberg in which he said he had been delayed in writing due to a “bad conscience” that he alone had received the Nobel Prize “for work done in Göttingen in collaboration — you, Jordan and I.” Heisenberg went on to say that Born and Jordan’s contribution to quantum mechanics cannot be changed by “a wrong decision from the outside.” Jordan was Pascual Jordan a physicist who joined the Nazi party and became a Brown Shirt. Heisenberg was an “Aryan” who stayed in Nazi Germany.  Born was a Lutheran who was classified as a Jew under Nazi Racial Law and would win his Nobel Prize in 1954.



    1934: John Kenmuir reports that “not since the period immediately following the World War have so many new places claimed attention from mapmakers as in the last few months. Towns have seemingly appeared out of nowhere…”  Included in this category is Tel Aviv, “the second largest city in Palestine a country of age-old town.  This thriving metropolis of 70,000 did not even exist in 1909, its site being then a deserted area of rolling sand dunes north of Jaffa.



    1935: Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel who lost his seat in the elections of 1935 ended his leadership of the Liberal Party today.



    1935: “One Way Ticket,” a cinema version of the novel by the same name which marked “the directorial debut” of Herbert Biberman was released in the United States today.



    1936: Tonight, the police “stormed Warsaw University in order to clear the buildings occupied for two day by several hundred Fascist student” who were demanding that Jewish students be segregated from the rest of the student body.



    1936: Dr. Chaim Weizmann began his testimony before the Peel Commission by dwelling “first on the tragedy of at least 6,000,000 superfluous Jews in Poland, Germany, Austria and other countries who before the war found an outlet in emigration to the United States and South Africa but who now find all gates barred to them” which “lends grave importance to the question of a Jewish national home in Palestine, the only spot in the world where Jews can turn their eyes with the hope of being saved from moral, cultural and economic stagnation” not to mention death.



    1936: Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, an anti-communist treaty that will be the basis of the Axis alliance.  The treaty is another step towards World War II and the Final Solution. At the time, the treaty seemed to be one more diplomatic victory for Hitler, but the Japanese actually outsmarted the Little Corporal.  The treaty did not commit the Japanese to take military action against the Soviets.  Hitler fully expected the Japanese to attack Russia when he invaded the Soviet state forcing Stalin to fight a two front war.  The Japanese never budged.  Hitler was left to fight the Soviets on his own and it was this Soviet ability to have face only the Germans that helped chew up the divisions of the Wermacht. [If the Japanese had really been such dedicated anti-communists you would have thought they would have joined the Nazis in attacking the leading communist state of the time, the Soviet Union.  Of course the Japanese did not having been bloodied by the Soviets in the late 1930’s.  Even strange bedfellows do not always sleep together]



    1936:Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber, the Archbishop of Muich, informed the Bavarian bishops that he had promised Hitler that the bishops would issue a new pastoral letter in which they condemned "Bolshevism which represents the greatest danger for the peace of Europe and the Christian civilization of our country." In addition, Faulhaber stated, the pastoral letter " will once again affirm our loyalty and positive attitude, demanded by the Fourth Commandment, toward todays form of government and the Führer."



    1936: Fifty-five year old Sir Leon Levison, the son of Rabbi Nahum Levison, whose conversion to Christianity and service as the first President of the International Hebrew Christian Alliance did not prevent him from raising 200,000 English pounds to relieve the suffering Jews during the World War or being “a fierce opponent of the Nazis” passed away. 



    http://www.lcje.net/High%20Leigh/Sunday,%20August%207/2%20Sir%20Leon%20Levison%20at%20High%20Leigh%201931%20by%20kai-kjaer%20hansen.pdf



     



    1937: The Palestine Post reported that the first death sentence was passed, under the recently promulgated Defense Regulations, by a military court on Sheikh Farhan e-Sadi, leader of a terrorist group, who was found guilty of carrying firearms and ammunition. The Arab Defense Party appealed for clemency.



    1937: The Palestine Post reported that a large number of Jews had been attacked and beaten in riots in Memel, Shavli and Wilkomir in Lithuania. This outburst of anti-Semitism took place two years before the outbreak of World War II.  This is an example of the inherent European anti-Semitism that helped to make the Holocaust possible and provided the Nazis with willing accomplices in completing the Final Solution.



    1938(2nd of Kislev, 5699): Fifty-five year old Jessie Sampter who made Aliyah in 1919 which led her to work with Yemenite Jews and the establishment of “a vegetarian convalescent home at Kibbutz Givat Brenner” passed away at Beilinson Hospital where she was being treated for malaria and heart disease.



    1938: “Submarine Patrol” a pre-war Naval adventure film written by Jack Yellen was released today in the United States.



    1938: Sixty-one year old Aaron Garber, the Lithuanian born Cleveland, OH, attorney, Zionist and “a leader in the Bureau of Jewish Education” who was “a founder and president of the Cleveland Hebrew Schools.”



    http://www.clevelandjewishhistory.net/ins/garber/garber-history.htm



    https://www.google.com/search?ei=l-T5W8nLKsLojwSAz4ewDA&q=Aaron+Garber%2C+Cleveland%2C+OH&oq=Aaron+Garber%2C+Cleveland%2C+OH&gs_l=psy-ab.3..33i299l2.7467757.7481323..7482002...6.0..1.367.3116.28j3j1j1......0....1..gws-wiz.......0j0i131j0i67j0i10i67j0i131i67j0i22i30j33i160j33i22i29i30.489_1WSHjNE



    1938: In Owensboro, KY, a gold course owner whose father had emigrated from Lithuania and his wife gave birth Stephen Cohen, a product of the Russian Studies program at Indiana University and holder of PhD from Columbia who went to become a “Professor of Politics and Russian Studies at Princeton,” a prolific author and one of those who as of 2018, “continues to dismiss theories of Russian collusion” in the U.S. Presidential elections.



    1939: There were 1,000 German Jews aboard the SS Vulcania as it left Italy tonight bound for New York City.



    1939: Today is the deadline for the Jewish population of Teschen to leave the city.



    1939: Today, playing on their home field Penn St. led by their Team Captain Spike Alter defeated cross-state rival Pittsburg.



    1939: It was announced today that American “with relatives in the Upper Silesia and Danzig areas of Poland may send me to them through the Federation of Polish Jews in America at 225 West 34thStreet” in New York City.



    1939: Birthdate of economist Martin Feldstein winner in 1977 of the John Bates Clark Medal.



    1939: In New York, Dr. Samuel H. Goldensohn is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “The Sacrifices of Thanksgiving” on Saturday morning at Congregation Emanu-El.



    1939: In New York, Rabbi William F. Rosenblum is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “How Would Your Rewrite the Bible” on Saturday morning at Temple Israel.



    1939: In New York, Rabbi Nathan Stern is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “I Have Everything” on Saturday morning at West End Synagogue.



    1939: In Baltimore, MD, “more than a thousand delegates to the Junior Hadassah convention passed by acclamation today a resolution condemning the British White Paper on Palestine and calling upon the British Colonial Secretary, ‘for the sake o the honor of Great Britain,’ to abandon it.”



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=9F04E3DB123EE23ABC4E51DFB7678382629EDE



    more 2015



    1939: Mrs. David De Sola Pool of New York, national president of Senior Hadassah, Miss Nell Ziff of New York, president of Junior Hadassah and Rabbi Isadore Breslau, director of the American Zionist Bureau in Washington addressed today’s session of the Junior Hadassah Convention.



    1939: In New York Rabbi Louis I. Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “Changing Our Name and Changing Our Character” on Saturday morning Congregation Rodeph Sholom



    1939: The government in Bucharest published “the result of an investigation concerning the citizenship of the Jews” living in Rumania according to which only 63.5% of the Jews living in the country were really citizens.



    1939: “Mrs. Isidor Achron of 45 West Eighty-first Street” said today she had received word from her aunt in London that her cousin Moijzesz Kusewitsky, chief cantor Poland who had been reported killed by a German bomb during the Nazi capture of Warsaw “had escaped with his family to Bucharest, Romania.



    1940: The Patria, a steamer carrying illegal Jewish immigrants sank in Haifa port killing 250 of the passengers. The Patria was a French steamer chartered by the British to ship illegal immigrants who had previously made it to Palestine to detainment camps on the British island of Mauritius. This removal of the Jewish immigrants was part of a British campaign to placate the Arabs.  The plan was in violation of the terms of the Mandate.  The plant was also a violation of basic human decency since the Jews were seeking a safe haven from the advancing Nazi armies.  However, nobody has ever accused the British Foreign office or the Arab leaders of that time of having an over abundance of human decency when it came to dealing with Jews.  The explosion on board the Patria was caused by the Haganah who were attempting to disable the ship and force the British to let the refugees land.  Almost two thousand of the Patria’s human cargo would end up staying in Eretz Israel while another similar number would end up in internment camps.  This was but one small event in the combined British-Arab attempt to strangle the Yishuv.



    1941: Following the German conquest of Belgium, the Jews “set up their own coordinating committee” which the Nazi Security Police replaced with the Association of Jews in Belgium or AJB.



    http://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%205777.pdf



     



    1941: German Jews were shipped east to Kovno.  This gave the SS new targets for their killing raids. In one day the Einsatzkommando reported the deaths of 1,159 men, 1,600 women and175 children. Four days later they reported killing another 693 men, 1,155 women and152 children.



    1942: In the evening and continuing into the next day, the SS and Norway’s State Police began rounding up all woman and children. In all, 532 Jewish women and children in Norway are arrested and deported to Auschwitz. Although more than 700 Norwegian Jews were eventually sent to Auschwitz, about 930 found refuge in Sweden.



    1942: Jews hiding in Piotrkow (Poland) were offered a chance to stay in the ghetto legally if they came out of hiding. Some did, and they were killed by Ukrainians upon doing so.



    1943: World War II: Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina is re-established at the State Anti-Fascist Council for the People's Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.



    1943(27th of Cheshvan, 5704): One of two dates given for the suicide of 65 year old actor Paul Otto in Berlin after his Jewish ancestry was discovered.



    1944: Crematorium II at Birkenau was dismantled by the Nazis and its remains were buried in attempt to hide the evidence of the Final Solution. 



    1944:  Birthdate of actor, self-styled political commentator and game show host Ben Stein



    1944: According to some sources Himmler was responsible for the issuance today of a “general prohibition…concerning the further killing of the Jews” – a claim which would seem to fly in the face of the facts that an untold number of Jews continued to perish under the most brutal of conditions.



    1944: Warner Brothers release “Arsenic and Old Lace” comedy that includes murder and mental illness produced by Jack Warner with a score by Max Steiner and a screenplay by Julius and Philip G. Epstein.



    1945:Jewish underground attacks Palestinian coast guard; blows up two coast guard stations in retaliation for capture of Greek schooner Demetrios which brought 200 illegal immigrants to Palestine.



    1946(2nd of Kislev, 5707): Ninety-year old Henry Morgenthau, Sr. the United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire during WW I whose grandchildren included historian Barbara Tuchman and long-time NY DA Robert M. Morgenthau passed away today.



    http://www.jta.org/1946/11/26/archive/henry-morgenthau-sr-dies-one-time-envoy-to-turkey-was-active-in-jewish-affairs



    http://www.armenian-genocide.org/morgenthau.html



    1947: The House of Representatives overwhelming vote to approve citations for contempt of Congress citations against the Hollywood Ten for the “defiance” of the mis-named House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).  “Of the Hollywood Ten, six - John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Albert Maltz and Samuel Ornitz — were Jews.”



    1947: The movie version of the novel “It Always Rains on Sunday” produced by Michael Balcon was released today in the United Kingdom.



    1947: Following yesterday’s overwhelming vote to cite the Hollywood Ten for Contempt of Congress, the Hollywood studios blacklisted them. “Of the Hollywood Ten, six - John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Albert Maltz and Samuel Ornitz — were Jews.”  (As reported by Jennifer Lipman)



    1947: “The Gangster” based The Low Company a 1937 novel written by Daniel Fuchs who wrote the screenplay and with music by Louis Gruenberg was released today in the United States today,



    1948:Arabs announce they will not negotiate with Israel except through UN.



    1948: UN mediator Ralph Bunche recommends to Political Committee that UN try another strong appeal for Israel and Arabs to get together. He urges Israel's admittance to UN.



    1948: Israel's Provisional Government Council announces it will hold first general elections on January 25. Persons aged 18 years or more will be eligible to vote.



    1948:  Birthdate of French born, American educated, film director Jonathan Kaplan



    1949:Israel turns down the UN Palestine Conciliation Committee's plan for an international Jerusalem. Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett says Jews favored UN control of Jerusalem at one time. They oppose it now, because if they lose Jerusalem they will have to rescue it from Arabs. They recommend that Jerusalem's old city be internationalized. Modern Jerusalem's holy places will be accessible to people of all faiths.



    1959: Birthdate of Yaakov Edri, the native of Morocco who made Aliyah in 1959, earned two degrees from the University of Haifa and pursued a political career that including service as an MK and in several ministerial posts.



    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that fear for the safety of 2,500,000 Jews behind the Iron Curtain was voiced in the Knesset by Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett when he read the government¹s statement on the Prague trials of former leading Communists, accused of Zionism and espionage, which he called “a farce in the form of a trial.”



    1952: Premiere of Hans Christian Andersen produced by Samuel Goldwyn, with a script by Moss Hart and starring Danny Kaye.



    1953: “The Fake” a “British crime film” with music by Matyas Seiber was released today in the United Kingdom.



    1955: “The Big Knife,” the film version of the 1949 play by Clifford Odets and co-starring Shelly Winters was released in the United States today.



    1955(10th of Kislev, 5716): Fifty year old U.S. Chess Champion and International Master Herman Steiner passed away today.



    1956: In Boston, Massachusetts, Senator John F. Kennedy addresses a dinner honoring Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister.



    http://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical+Resources/Archives/Reference+Desk/Speeches/JFK/JFK+Pre-Pres/1956/002PREPRES12SPEECHES_56NOV25.htm



    1957: U.S. premiere of “Bernadine” directed by Henry Levin with music by Lionel Newman.


     


    1957: Today, CBS broadcast “Beyond This Place,” an adaptation of the novel of the same name directed by Sidney Lumet, produced by David Susskind and co-starring Shelly Winters.


    1960: Today, CBS news broadcast “Harvest of Shame” a ground-breaking documentary about migrant farm workers directed by Fred W. Friendly.


    1961: Negotiations between representatives of the Israeli government and King Hassan of Morocco came to an end with an understanding that would make it easier for the Jews to leave for Israel.


    1963: Following the assassination of President Kennedy, “the Jewish Community Council held a memorial service at Washington Hebrew Congregation that included “a tribute delivered by Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg.”


    1964: Funeral services were held today for Brooklynite Pincus Joseph Greenberg, the husband of Sadie Greenberg with whom he had had five children.


    1965(1st of Kislev, 5726): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1965(1st of Kislev, 5726): Seventy-five year old pianist “Dame Myra Hess who…became wartime a wartime hero though her morale-raising recitals at London’s National Gallery” passed away today.





    1966: In a special edition on the Kennedy Assassination, Life magazine published frames of Abraham Zapruder’s homemade movie that is the photographic of this national tragedy.


    1967: After 463 performance the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “The Apple Tree,” a musical with lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, produced by Stuart Ostrow, directed by Mike Nichols and co-starring Larry Blyden.


    1967: A version of “Suszanne” a song  that Canadian born Jewish musician Leon Cohen created from his platonic relationship with Suzzanne Verdal which had “entered The Billboard Hot 100 chat in October “peaked at number 56 today.


    1969: Birthdate of Israeli actress and comedian Orna Banai


    1970: “A Promise at Dawn” the film version of the 1960 novel by Romain Gary who co-authored the script with Jules Dassin who also directed and produced the movie and starring Assi Dayan, the son of Moshe Dayan, was released in the United States today.


    1973: Three Arab terrorists hijacked a KLM jumbo jet headed for New Delhi and forced the pilot to land at Abu Dhabi.


    1973(30th of Cheshvan, 5734): Forty-five year old debonair actor Laurence Harvey whose on screen persona was so different from what one would expect from Lithuanian born Jew named Hirsch Moses Skikne passed away today.



    1974: Appeal in behalf of Soviet Jewish prisoners, signed by over 600 politicians, academics, musicians, writers, stage and film actors published in The Times in London.


    1974: About 200 Riga Jews organize pilgrimage to Rumbuli on the anniversary of the liquidation of the Riga ghetto; several arrested.


    1975: Suriname, a Dutch colony on the Northeast coast of South America gains its independence from the Netherlands. According to The Virtual Jewish Library, “the Jewish community of Suriname is one of the oldest in the Americas. Jews apparently arrived from Brazil (or Holland) and settled in Suriname as early as 1639, and there is an extant ketubbah, marriage contract, signed by a rabbi in 1643.”  For part of its history, the Jewish community was quite active and wealthy. By the end of the 20th century “200 Jews live in Suriname with the Nederlands Portugees Israelitische Gemeente overseeing the community's activities. The two 18th century synagogues in the capital, Paramaribo, have been restored. Neve Shalom is considered to be Conservative, and both synaggoues hold weekly Shabbat services. The Ashkenazi synagogue has a sandy floor, which is symbolic of the 40 years in the desert, and was also supposed to have hidden the footsteps of the Conversos. Kosher food is available in Suriname and there is a community newspaper, Sim Shalomthat is printed in Dutch.



    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat announced that his government had adopted the policy of promoting communications with Israel in order to establish a comprehensive Middle Eastern peace settlement. It was suggested that the proposed Israeli-Egyptian dialogue would be held in the UN Sinai buffer zone.


    1978: Prime Minister Menachem Begin met German Ambassador Klaus Schuetz. This was the first time Begin had personally conferred with any German representative.  During the 1950’s Begin had been a vocal opponent of accepting reparations from the Bonn government.


    1979: Robert Strauss completed his service as Special Envoy for the Middle East for President Carter


    1979: Birthdate of Gerson Levi-Lazzaris,a Brazilian archaeologist, descendent of Italo-Slovenian immigrants. Most of the Lazzaris are from Forno di Zoldo, Veneto, from where most of them emigrated during the end of the XIXth century, and also after the Second World War to Argentina, Australia, Brazil and United States.


    1979: As part of the Camp David Accords, Israel surrendered the Alma oilfields


    1981(28th of Cheshvan, 5742): Seventy four year old actor Jack Albertson passed away.  Born to immigrant parents in 1907, this Bay State native was a multi-talented entertainer. Some of his more famous roles include a bit part as a postal worker in Miracle on 34thStreet, a starring role in the Broadway hit The Sunshine Boys and as the cantankerous elderly Anglo in Chico and the Man.



    1981: The Samuel Freeman House, designed by Rudolph Schindler was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument today


    1983:Syria and Saudi Arabia announced cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli.  There are a number of people who blame Israel for all of the problems in the Middle East.  There is a growing chorus on the both the Left and the Right in America who blame America’s problems in that region on United States support for Israel.  The Civil War in Lebanon is a reminder that turmoil and violence exist in that region without regard to the existence of Israel.  In fact the argument can be made that Arab violence against Israel is merely another manifestation of on-going Arab versus Arab conflicts.


    1987: Eighty-six year old Genevieve Brown, who had been marred to All-American football player and Coach Ralph Horween (Ralph Horwitz) for 64 years passed away today.


    1987(4thof Kislev, 5748): Terrorist who “flew” into Israel aboard hang gliders from Lebanon killed 6 Israeli soldiers and wounded six others.


    1987(4thof Kislev, 5748: Eighty-six year old Genevieve (Brown) Horween who had been married to Ralph Horween, the All-American Harvard and NFL football player and lawyer who founded the Horween Leather Company with his brother, passed away today.


    1987: U.S. premiere of “Three Men and a Baby” directed by Leonard Nimoy, photographed by cinematographer Adam Greenberg, co-starring Steve Guttenberg with music by Marvin Hamlisch.


    1989(27th of Cheshvan, 5750): Ninety-four year old Professor Salo Wittmayer Baron, who was recognized as one of the century's great historical scholars for his sweeping multivolume history of the Jews passed away today. (As reported by Peter Steinfels)



    1990(8thof Kislev, 5751): Four Israelis were killed and 26 more were wounded by an “Egyptian crossing the border.”


    1990(8thof Kislev, 5751): Ninety-year old clinical psychiatrist Bettina Warburg Grimson, the graduate of Bryn Mawr and Cornell Medical School who was the wife of the musician Samuel B. Grimson passed away today in Manhattan.


    1991: Birthdate of Mexican actor Joseph Sasson Entebi best known for his role in the “children’s soap opera, “Amy, The Girl in the Blue Backpack.”


    1992: The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia from January 1, 1993. “After the peaceful division of Czechoslovakia in 1992, Slovakia gained its independence on January 1, 1993. Since Slovakia’s independence, such organizations as Maccabi and B’nai B’rith have become active in the communities… During the immediate post-Cold War period, the Czech Republic reopened diplomatic ties with Israel and Czech President Vaclav Havel became the first leader from a previously Soviet controlled Eastern European country to travel to Israel.”


    1992: U.S. premiere of “Aladdin” an animated musical fantasy with Scott Weinger providing the voice of “Aladdin” and music by Alan Menken.


    1992: “The Bodyguard,” a “romantic thriller written and co-produced by Lawrence Kasdan was released in the United States today.


    1994: John Charles Walker, “an American agricultural scientist “and winner of the Wolf Prize an Israeli award funded by Dr. Ricardo Wolf, the former Cuban ambassador to Israel


    1998(6th of Kislev, 5759): American philosopher Nelson Goodman passed away at the age of 92.


    1998: “Very Bad Things” a very sick comedy directed by Peter Berg and co-starring Jeremy Piven was released in the United States today.


    1998: “A Bugs Life,” starring Julia Louis-Dreyfus, featuring Madeline Kahn, with music by Randy Newman and edited by Lee Unkrich was released today in the United States.


    2001: Peter Temes reviewed The Brigade: An Epic, Story of Vengeance, Salvation and World by Howard Blum which described the role played this Jewish unit in the British Army.



    2001: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including A Hero of Our Own: The Story of Varian Fry by Sheila Isenberg, The Rock: A Tale of Seventh-Century Jerusalemby Kanan Makiya, In The Shape of a Boar by Lawrence Norfolk and Memoirs: A Twentieth-Century Journey in Science and Politics by Edward Teller with Judith L. Shoolery


    2002(20th of Kislev, 5763): Seventy six year old “Karel Reisz, a Czech refugee who became a leading director of the British New Wave before making "The French Lieutenant's Woman" and other Hollywood dramas” passed away today. (As reported by Rick Lyman) http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/28/arts/karel-reisz-director-of-films-including-the-french-lieutenant-s-woman-dies-at-76.html?pagewanted=print&src=pm



    2002: Theo Epstein was appointed General Manager of the Boston Red Sox. In less than two years (2004) the Sox would beat the hated Yankees for the American League Pennant and then win the World Series thus breaking “the curse.”  The youthful Jewish executive would be hailed as part of a new generation of baseball executives.


    2002: In a review of Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s Dvesti let Vmeste(Two Hundred Years Together) the first of two volumes devoted to the history of Jews in Russia from the third partition of Poland in 1795, when Russia, until then effectively without Jews, suddenly acquired one million Jewish subjects, Daniel Pipes discusses the Russian author’s attitude toward Jews and the role of Jews in Russian history.


    2005: “The Ice Harvest” directed by Harold Ramis which premiered at the Deauville American Film festival was released in the United States today


    2005: “One Six Right: The Romance of Flying” a “film about the general aviation industry” starring Sydney Pollack and Hal Fishman was released in the United States today.


    2005: In a reminder that even in the hell of the Holocaust, there were righteous people who did the right thing, Ruth Greiner, a Holocaust survivor and Joanna Zalucka, her Polish protector were re-united. Sixty-one years ago, Joanna Zalucka hid a young Jewish girl in her bedroom for eight months, saving the child from the Nazi killing spree in their native Poland.


    2006: The Jerusalem Quartet takes center stage marking the first time that Jerusalem Music Center musicians have abandoned the safety of their lofty haven and descended to the level of the man in the street by performing at the local YMCA auditorium. Breaking what some consider a chain of snobbery they perform their superb New Chamber Concert Series, entitled "YMCAMERI" in honor of the venue at prices the average Israeli can afford.


    2006: In an article entitled “A Torah for the Next Generation” The Washington Post reported on the efforts of members of Temple Emanuel in Grand Rapids, Michigan, to write an entire Torah in time for the 150th anniversary of the congregation which was founded in 1857.


    2007:The Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra with conductor, Daniel Kossov, soprano, Keren Hadar, tenor, Yotam Cohen, and pianist, Yoni Fahri performs Humperdinck`s Hansel und Gretel: Vorspiel, Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue and Mozart’s Symphony in A Major, no. 29, performs a special benefit concert.


    2007: The Sunday Washington Post book section featured a review of The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism by Canadian born Jewish commentator and social activist Naomi Klein.


    2007: The Sunday New York Times book section featured a review of A Pigeon and A Boy by Israeli author Meir Shalev, Young Stalin by Simon Sebag Montefiore and Dough: A Memoir by Jewish author Mort Zacht


    2008: In Manhattan, the 92nd Street Y presents a program entitled, “Rabbi David Wolpe in Conversation with Safran Foer” during which “Rabbi Wolpe, one of today’s leading voices of contemporary religion, discusses his personal journey through life-threatening illness, from the depths of darkness to the illuminating light of faith.


    2008: David Korn-Brzoza’s documentary “L'affaire Finaly” which examined the effort to have two Jewish children who had been hidden by Catholics returned to the their parents by David Korn-Brzoza, was also broadcast by France 2, today.


    2008:Israel closed its cargo crossings with Gaza today because of Palestinians fired at least one rocket into Israel, just a day after Israel had allowed vital humanitarian supplies to shipped into Gaza


    2008: Premiere of “The Nutty Professor” produced by Jerry Lewis, Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein and starring Jerry Lewis.


    2008(27th of Cheshvan, 5769): Eighty-four year old Gerald Schoenfeld the chairman of the powerful Shubert Organization, the largest and most important theater owner on Broadway and in the United States passed away. (As reported by Bruce Weber)



    2009: At the Jerusalem Music Center, the final performance "The Bald Soprano": a chamber opera by Israel Sharon, based on a play by Eugène Ionesco.


    2009: “The Jazz Baroness,” a documentary about Nica Rothschild by her great-niece Hannah Rothschild airs on HBO at 8 pm.


    2009: In Jerusalem, Beit Avi Chai presents "One Spring for Me": The love story of Leah Goldberg.


    Among the poems that will be part of the performance are “Shir ha-haflaga,” “Ve-lo haya beinenu ela zohar,” “Ani halakhti az,” “At telkhi ba-sadeh,” “He-halil,” “Laila,” “Selihot,” “Ha-har ha-yarok,” and many more.


    2010: In Jerusalem, comedian David Kilimnick is scheduled to present his Thanksgiving Special, ‘My Family Made Me in America'


    2010: The prime minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, today strongly denounced a Palestinian Authority paper that denies any Jewish connection to the Western Wall, the iconic holy site and place of Jewish worship in the Old City of Jerusalem, describing the report as “reprehensible and scandalous.”  


    2011: Downtown Shabbat, a Carlebach-inspired service led by Cantor Larry Paul and musician Robyn Helzner is scheduled to be held at the Historic 6th& I Synagogue in Washington, DC.


    2011:While tens of thousands of protesters are amassing in Cairo's Tahrir Square, the Sinai Peninsula is heating up. Egyptian security forces today raised the alert level to an unprecedented level in the al-Arish area in northern Sinai after they received information that Jihad members are planning on carrying out an attack on the local security headquarters, the Ma'an news agency reported today.


    2012(111th of Kislev, 5773): Eighty-four year old “writer, composer, jazz fanatic and sweetheart” Sol Weinstein passed away today.



    2012: The Jerusalem College of Technology (JCT) is scheduled to bestow an honorary degree on Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird (As reported by the Canadian Jewish News)


    2012: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Far From the Tree Parents: Children, and the Search for Identity by Andrew Solomon, Iron Curtain:The Crushing of Eastern Europe,1944-1956 by Anne Applebaum and Saul Steinberg: A Biography by Deidre Bair.


    2012: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “Family Stories at the Center: Young Historians.”


    2012: “Hava Nagila” is scheduled to shown tonight at the close of the Jewish International Film Festival in Australia.


    2012: Syrian fire pierced Israel for the second time in a day Sunday night, as bullets fired from across the border struck next to a military vehicle near the border.


    2012: Morethan 123,000 Likud members have the power today to shape the face of their party’s list for the 19th Knesset, and political analysts say they will use it to move the party further to the right.


    2013 In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Temple Judah is scheduled to host the community-wide Ecumenical Thanksgiving Service.


    2013: The Black Institute, in partnership with Bend the Arc, the Jewish Labor Committee, and the Russian-Speaking Community Council of Manhattan and the Bronx, Inc. (RCCMB), is scheduled to host a forum to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. speaking in support of Jewish civil rights in the Soviet Union.


    2013: “”The Silver Line, the only free confidential telephone helpline offering information, friendship and advice to older people in the United Kingdom” which “was established by Dame Esther Rantzen” was “launched nationally” today.


    2013: “A remarkable archaeological find in the Judean lowlands southwest of Jerusalem includes a six-millennia-old cultic temple and a 10,000-year-old house. The ancient sites were located in routine archaeological digs conducted ahead of a planned expansion of Route 38, the main access road to Beit Shemesh. The building is the oldest ever found in the area, and constitutes remarkable “evidence of man’s transition to permanent dwellings,” researchers said today.” (As reported by Hativ Rettig Gur)


    2013: “President Shimon Peres awarded his Presidential Medal of Distincition to author Elie Wiesel today in New York City.” (As reported by JPost)


    2014: In Melbourne, “Life as a Rumor” and “The Dove Flyer” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014: In a speech Finance Minister Yair Lapid delivered this moring to the Sderot Conference for Society, he “slammed Likud saying the ruling party was ‘so detached that they are leading to us to completely pointless elections.’”


    2014: Amir Benayoun, “a popular Israeli singer was disinvited today “from an upcoming event at the President’s Residence in Jerusalem after he released a song many saw as expressing racist sentiment against Arabs.” (As reported by Lazar Berman)


    2014: “Israel received a short reprieve from a wet, stormy week this morning, with more rain and wind expected throughout the rest of the week.” (As reported by Lazar Berman)


    2015: The 92nd St Y is scheduled to host its annual Israeli Folk Dancing Thanksgiving Marathon this evening.


    2015: The Israel Antiquities Authorities announced today that it had granted eight year old Itai Halpern a certificate of honor for “discovering the head of a statue from the First Temple period and giving this important archaeological discovery to the Antiquities Authorities’ officials.


    2015: In Toronto, Jars Balan, an author, editor, and literary translator who has published numerous scholarly and journalistic works on Ukrainian and Ukrainian-Canadian themes delivered a lecture on “Rhea Clyman: A Forgotten Canadian Witness to the Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-1933.”


    2015: “An IDF soldier was seriously wounded in a stabbing attack at the Fawwar junction near Hebron shortly before noon today.”


    2016(24thof Cheshvan, 5777): Ninety-one year old Sulzburg, Germany, native and State University of New York at Buffalo graduate Erich Bloch who helped developed supercomputers at IBM before serving as director of the National Science Foundation passed away today.




    2016: “Maya Ben Zvi was hosting a wedding party at her popular restaurant, Rama’s Kitchen, in the Jerusalem hills community of Nata” today when the decisions was made to evacuate” just a short time before “the entire” went up in smoke – the victim of wildfires that have been burning out of control since the first part of the week.


    2016: Untold thousands of Israelis have been forced to flee in the face of raging wildfires.


    2016: “The People vs. Fritz Bauer” and “Sand Storm” are scheduled to be shown at Melbourne as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2016: “The Lion” produced by Harvey Weinstein is scheduled to be released today in the United States after having premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival.


    2016: Sabra Éyal Hai is scheduled to perform at Pete’s Candy Store in Williamsburg.


    2017(7thof Kislev, 5778): Parashat Va-yaytay;


    2017: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host Agnes


    Schwartz, the native of Budapest, telling her story of how the “family maid, Julia Balazas” hid her from the Nazis and protected her the effects of Allied bombing.


    2017: “Let Yourself Go!” and “No Pay, Nudity” are scheduled to be shown at the 21stUK International Jewish Film Festival.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books outside of our “comfort zone” including The Jews of Arab Lands, Among the Righteous and In Ishmael’s Housecontinues today.


    2018: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Trinity, Louisa Hall’s based on the life of J. Robert Oppenheim, All-Of-A-Kind Family Hanukkah, a children’s book written Emily Jenks and illustrated by Paul O. Zelinsky, Meet The Latkes by Alan Silberberg and We Can Save Us All by Adam Nemett.


    2018: The Lior Milliger Quartet, featuring Lior Milliger , “an Israeli born Saxophone player, improviser and composer and  graduate of Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance in composition and performance who has recorded and performed in Israel, Europe and New York City” is scheduled to appear this evening at “Rockwood Music Hall Stage 3.”


    2018: This afternoon, “Chassida Shmella Ethopian Jewish Community,” in “collaboration with Temple Emanu-El is scheduled to host “the 9th Annual SIGD Celebration” complete with “Ethiopian culinary specialties” and dancing in the Ethiopian style.”


    2018: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Back to Berlin.”


    2018: “Beit Avi Chai” is scheduled to host a lecture by Professors Haim Be’er and Hananel Mack on “Key Figures in the Mishna and the Talmud: Abaye, Homa and Rava.”


    2018: In London, the Jewish Museum is scheduled to host a walking tour of the V&A that “profiles its history and architecture before focusing on highlights with a Jewish association.


    2018: AJEX, the Jewish Military Association of the UK is scheduled to feature a lecture by Paula Kitiching in which she “will explore the final year of the First World War and the role that Anglo Jewry played as the guns stopped firing and life returned to a peacetime footing.”


     


     


     


     


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    November 26



    43 BCE: The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian", later "Caesar Augustus"), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony is formed. This power sharing arrangement would fall apart. Octavian would defeat Mark Antony and remove Lepidus leaving him as the sole ruler of the Roman Empire.  Initially, Antony’s defeat and Octavian’s victory did not change the situation for the Jews living in Judea.  Herod had made the mistake of backing Antony.  So if Antony had won, Herod would have kept his kingdom.  But Antony’s defeat did not cost Herod his kingdom.  In one of the history’s greatest acts of political audacity, Herod went to the island of Rhodes where he met with Octavian.  He admitted that he had supported Antony but convinced the young Caesar that this was a good thing because he now he would give Augustus the same level of support.  Impressed by Herod’s audacity (and in need of allies) he left Herod on his throne.  So the outcome for the Jews of Judea, in the short term, was the same no matter what.  In the long run, the Jews probably did well with the victory of Augustus since he would follow the same kind of comparatively benevolent policies followed by his uncle Julius including exempting the Jews from emperor worship and respecting Jewish laws by exempting Jews from appearing in court after dark on Friday or on Shabbat.



    1346: Coronation of Charles IV whose decision in 1349 to turn over the taxes paid by the Jews of Frankfurt to the citizens of that city could not prevent the pogrom that followed his departure from the city, as King of the Germans.



    1504: Queen Isabella I of Castile, the first Queen of united Spain passed away.  Born in 1451, Isabella is one of history’s more fascinating monarchs.  She was every bit as wiley, clever and effective as Queen Elizabeth of England, even though she does not get her share of credit for these traits.  Isabella did have Jewish advisors, physicians and financiers.  But in the end her devout Catholicism and need for funds to finance “crusades” against Moslems proved the undoing of her Jewish subjects.



    1572: King Maximilian II expressed his intention “to expel the Jews of Pressburg (Bratislava), stating that his edict would be recalled only in case they accepted Christianity.”



    1669: As events surrounding the blood libel that would lead to the death of Raphael Levi unfolded, two swineherds found the head and the neck of a child in the woods near Metz.  Despite the fact that two surgeons testified that the body parts came from a recently killed person, officials decided that this was the body of the Christian child that had been reported missing and killed more than a month ago.  These body parts would be used in the trial of Levi where he was found guilty.  He was buried alive, protesting his innocence to the end.  This blood libel was part of a series of persecutions aimed at the Jewish community of Metz and would end with their expulsion from the city.



    1715(30th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Joseph ben Mordecai Ginzburg, author of Leket Yosef passed away today



    1775: The American Navy began using chaplains within its regular service.  However, Rabbis were not allowed to serve as Chaplains until 1862 when President Lincoln sponsored legislation allowing ordained Protestant, Catholic or Jewish ministers to serve as Chaplains.



    1789: Once the United States had been established as an independent nation, President George Washington proclaimed a day of national thanksgiving for November 26, 1789. Congregation Shearith Israel held a service on that first Thanksgiving Day (and has continued to do so each year since), at which time Rev. Gershom Mendes Seixas delivered an address. He noted that the Jewish community had reason to rejoice "as we are made equal partakers of every benefit that results from this good government; for which we cannot sufficiently adore the God of our fathers who hath manifested his care over us in this particular instance; neither can we demonstrate our sense of His benign goodness, for His favourable interposition in behalf of the inhabitants of this land."



    1794: David and Elizabeth Levy were married today at the Great Synagogue.



    1800: Salomon Rothschild married 18 year old Caroline Stern, the only daughter of Jacob Stern a wine merchant.  As can be seen from the Ketubah (wedding contract) this was another beneficial marriage arranged by A.M. Rothschild.



    1802: As the Jews of Maryland seek full equality On Nov. 26, 1802, a petition "from the sect of people called Jews" specifically stating their grievance, namely, "that they are deprived of holding any office of profit and trust under the constitution and laws of this state," was referred to the General Assembly, which read it and referred it to a special committee of five delegates, including the two Baltimore representatives, with instructions to consider and report upon the prayer of the petitioners for relief. A month later the petition was refused by a vote of thirty-eight to seventeen. The attempt to secure the desired relief was repeated at the legislative session of 1803; again proving unsuccessful, it was renewed in the following year.



    1822: Seventy-two year old Karl August von Hardenberg who as Prime Minster of Prussia pursued many liberal policies including working to guarantee equal rights for the Jews, passed away today.



    1834: Birthdate of Isabella H. Polock, the wife Morris Rosenbach and mother of literary collector Abraham Simon Wolf (A.S.W.) Rosenbach.



    1835: In Baja, Hungary, Baruch Asher Perles and his wife gave birth to Rabbi Joseph Perles, whose works included essays on the lives of Nachmanides, and Shlomo be Aderet, the Spanish sage known as the Rashba.



    1837: Isaac Solomon married Mary Benjamin at the Great Synagogue today.



    1840: In Italy Marco and Giustina Luzzati gave birth to Annetta Luzzati who became Annetta Foa when she married Giuseppe Foa, the Grand Rabbi of Turino.



    1840: Sixty-five year old anti-Semite Karl von Rotteck who “wrote in 1828 that ‘the Jews had to be de-Jewified” and who “rejected Jewish emancipation with the argument that their religion was…antisocial as well as anti-national” passed away today.



    1840: In Sebes, near Eperies, Hungary, Isaac Rubovits and Salie Klein gave birth to Edward Rubovits, a teacher in Hungary and husband of Mathilde Kiss who was in the “book, stationary and printing business in Chicago” while also serving as “vice president of Zion Congregation and Isaiah Temple.”



    1841: The Voice of Jacob published “Alleged Progress of London Jews Towards Christianity” which reported that “the attempt of a few gentlemen, of the West End section of the town, to form a synagogue there, with certain omissions from the established liturgy, and in contravention of the regulations of one of the London congregations, of which they have been and are yet members… These gentlemen are not known as a congregation, but as an association, deeming itself qualified to abrogate the customs which Israelites have observed for centuries… While the almost universal feeling condemns this movement as the presumptuous attempt of a handful of laymen, and while therefore there need be no apprehension of the evil spreading, the only wise policy would be to treat the attempt as neither formidable by numbers, by status (at least theological), nor otherwise possessing a single element of union.” The Voice of Jacob was published fortnightly and was the first publication that provided “real-time” reports on events in the Jewish community.  The article refers to attempts to established London’s first Reform Congregation which became known as the West London Synagogue of British Jews



    1842: The University of Notre Dame is founded as private Catholic University. Since 1992, Rabbi Dr. Michael Signer has filled the Abrams Chair of Jewish Thought and Culture and has served as the Director of the Notre Dame Holocaust Project. “The Notre Dame Holocaust Project promotes educational opportunities about the destruction of European Jewry during World War II for the university community.”  http://www.nd.edu/~msigner/2005_spring/nd_holocaust_project.shtml. 



    For more information about opportunities offered to Jewish students attending Notre Dame see http://campusministry.nd.edu/ecumenical-interfaith/jewish-resources



    1843(3rd of Kislev, 5604): Seventy-one year old Hertz Salomon Schwarzschild, the son of Salomon Jacob Schwarzschild and Ester Maas passed away today.



    1844: One day after she had passed away, “Simha Harris,” the wife of Michael Harris with whom she had had six children was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.



    1849(11th of Kislev, 5610): Julius Eduard Hitzig a German author and civil servant passed away. Born Isaac Elias Itzig) at Berlin in 1780, he was a member of the wealthy and influential Jewish Itzig family Between  1799 and 1806 he was a a Prussian civil servant, after which he became Criminal Counsel at the Berlin Supreme Court in 1815 and its director in 1825. In 1808 he established a publishing house and later a bookstore. He was very active in Berlin’s literary circles.  Heinrich Heine, of all people, reportedly made fun of his name change.



    1852: At the Greene Street Synagogue, Rabbi Morris Raphall preached a sermon based on the opening words of the 92nd Psalm, “It is good to give thanks unto the Lord –to sing praise unto Thy name, O most high!” 



    1855: Adam Mickiewizc, a noted Polish poet and ardent nationalist died today in Constantinople while working with his friend Armand Levy, to organize a Jewish legion, the Hussars of Israel, comprising Russian and Palestinian Jews.  The legion was supposed to join in the fight against the Russians during the Crimean War.  Polish nationalists believed that a Russian defeat would help undermine the authority of the Czar and help lead to the liberation of Poland.  [Mickiewizc was not Jewish and I have not been able to find an explanation why he was organizing a Jews for this fight.]



    1858: James (Jacob) Seligman, the son of David and Fanny Seligman and Rosa Seligman gave birth to Jefferson Seligman



    1858: In London, Barnett Abrahams, the principal of Jews’ College, and his wife gave birth to Israel Abrahams, the Jewish scholar whose works included A Companion to the Authorized Prayer Book and Jewish Life in the Middle Ages.



    1858: It was reported today that Rabbi Isaac Leeser, head of Beth El Emet has written a series of articles about the Mortara Affair that have appeared in the Philadelphia Ledger and that “indignation meetings in reference to the Mortara Affair" have been held. For more about the Mortara Affair see:



    http://www.myjewishlearning.com/history_community/Modern/ModernIntergroup/ModernAntisemitism/DamascusBloodLibel.htm#



    1858: In New York, members of the Jewish community expressed their indignation over the tactics used by the police when arresting three of their co-religionists on charges of selling lottery tickets. Among other things they were protesting the fact that the police had arrested a rabbi who was leading his congregation in prayers. The three have posted $1,000 in bail



    1859: In Philadelphia, David Hays Solis and Elvira Nathan Solis gave birth to Emily Grace Solis, who became Emily Grace Solis Solis-Cohen when she married her cousin Dr. Solomon Solis-Cohen.



    1861: During the Civil War, Samuel Alexander, who would later be killed in fighting at Dranesville, VA, completed a ninety day enlistment as an Assistant Surgeon with the 44th Regiment, part of the First Cavalry



    1862: During the Civil War, Jonas H. Kaufman began his service as Assistant Surgeon with 151st Regiment of the Pennsylvania volunteers serving with the Union Army.



    1862: Birthdate of Sir Marc Aurel Stein. Born in Budapest, Stein was a Hungarian Jewish archaeologist who became a British citizen. He was also a professor at various Indian universities. Stein was inspired by Sven Hedin's work, Through Asia.His travels and research in central Asia, particularly in Chinese Turkistan, revealed much about its strategic role in history.  In 1906, Stein uncovered a group of mummified corpses near Loulan, in Central Asia. Their well-preserved bodies were clad in woolen garments and they wore tall felt hats decorated with jaunty feathers. The men were bearded and their facial features seemed European. Stein dated them to c.100 BC. When the Dunhuang Caves, China, closed for centuries, were reopened, he discovered 15,000 manuscripts (1907), including the Diamond Sutra, reputed to be the first dated printed book (868 A.D.). He passed away on October 26, 1943.



    1863:Thanksgiving was first observed as a regular American holiday. Proclaimed by President Lincoln the previous month, it was declared that the event would be observed annually, on the fourth Thursday in November.  While Thanksgiving is a secular holiday, it has it origins in the Bible.  The Pilgrims were students of what they called The Old Testament.  When they had enjoyed their first successful harvest at Plymouth, they looked to scripture for a way to express their joy.  They found the answer in the holiday of Sukkoth – a celebration of in-gathering; a celebration of thanks that took place after the harvest was completed.  There are reports that the first Thanksgiving was a week-long affair but I would avoid making any claim that this was intended to mirror the seven days of Sukkoth. 


    1864: Corporal Benjamin L. Kauffman, transferred from Company D of the 90thRegiment to Company H of the 11th Regimet today.


    1867: Birthdate of French political leader Abraham Schrameck who endured anti-Semitic attacks by the Action francaise starting at the turn of the century was interred by the Vichy government which did not turn him over to the Nazis thus making it possible for him to avoid the fate of most French Jews.


    1868: On Thanksgiving Day, Rabbi Marcus Jastrow delivered a sermon at Congregation Rodeph Shalom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


    1869: Birthdate of Alfred Eicholz, M.A., M.D. and B.Ch. the graduate of Emmanuel College, Cambridge and husband of Ruth Adler, the second daughter of the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire who, among other things served as His Majesty’s Inspector of school for the Blind, Deaf and Mentally and Physically Defective in England and Wales and the Council and Education Committee of the Jews’ College while writing papers for the British Medical Journal


    1871: Five days after he had passed away, 67 year old Emanuel Mocatta, the son of Jacob and Rebecca Mocatta, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”


    1874: In New York City,Arnold and Ida (Lagowitz) Tanzer gave birth to Ivy League (Harvard and Columbia) educated attorney Laurence A. Tanzer, a founding member of the Citizens Union and “the senior member of the law firm of Tanzer, Mullaney, Mitherz and Pratt and the husband the husband of the Florence Keller Tanzer with whom he had two daughters.



     


    1876: Birthdate of Isadore Bernstein, the New York native who wrote scripts for 65 films from 1914 through 1938.


    1876: It was reported today that the Hebrew Charities and Purim Association plan to sponsor a Hebrew Charity Ball next month at the Academy of Music.



    1879: “The Man With The Evil Eye” published today described the exploits of “Albert Lavergene, alias Abraham Levy, an Alsatian Jew” who confessed to having stolen $30,000 worth of diamonds while living in France two years ago and who is known to his wife’s relatives as “the Jew” or “the man with the evil eye” because of the way he used to beat her.



    1880: Luther R. Marsh will deliver a lecture entitled “On the Power of the Alphabet” at meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at Lyric Hall. (Marsh was prominent New York lawyer who developed an interest in Spiritualism.  He was not Jewish)



    1880: “Disraeli’s Latest Novel” published today provided a detailed review of Endymion by the Right Honorable Earl of Beaconsfield.



    1881: It was reported today that the influx of immigrants from Russia is overwhelming the resources of the United Hebrew Charities.  As many as 400 Jews have been arriving each week, most of whom are “destitute and helpless.”



    1882: “Monmouth and the Wye” published today provides a brief history of medieval England that includes the reminder that “butchery of the helpless Jews at York, when the despairing wretches hurled their children from the battlements upon the howling murderers below and the slew each to the last man” “cannot drop from the memory of mankind….”



    1883: The Baltimore Sun reported that the colony started for Russian Jewish immigrants in Middlesex County, Virginia has been abandoned.



    1883: It was reported today that the current issue of the Nineteenth Century features Dr. Charles H.H. Wright’s Paper “The Jews and the Malicious Charge of Human Sacrifice” which “goes over the whole history of the recent outrages in Europe.”



    1883: Robert Solomon, an Anglo-Jewish Cape Town diamond dealer arrived in New York this evening aboard SS Servia of the Cunard Line.



    1883: It was reported today that “David Phillipson…who graduated from Hebrew Union College” last July “has accepted a call from a congregation in Baltimore, MD.



    1884: It was reported today that three prizes – a diamond ring, a bracelet and a face pin – were awarded to the ladies who had sold the most tickets to this year’s grand ball, a charity event sponsored by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Society.



    1885: During Thanksgiving services a large throng listened to an address by Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler at Temple Beth-El that reviewed the principles adopted by the Reform Rabbis at their meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.



    1885: Birthdate of Heinrich Brüning, German Chancellor from 1930 to 1932 who, for whatever shortcomings he may have had, worked to keep Hitler from coming to power a stance that led to his self-imposed exile  to avoid being arrested by the Nazis.



    1886: In Munich,Joseph Schülein, the of Joel (Julius) Schülein and Jeanette Schülein, and his wife Ida gave birth to Elsa Haas, the wife of Dr. Alfred Haas.



    1886: The New York Times featured a review of The Land the Book by William Thomson, a book that examines the material in the scriptures with the information gained by explorations in Palestine through 1880. While some of the information in the Old Testament is “not borne out by facts…many more points” in the Scripture “have been corroborated”  that the results cannot have failed to find favor with Jews.



    1888: As she went to visit her sister, eighteen year old Yetta Reiner, a Jewish girl who has been in the United States for two weeks, disappeared when she walked off with a Hebrew-speaking man on the corner of Norfolk and Hester Street who had offered “to get her a situation.” 



    1888: Leo Bamberger the master of ceremonies, introduced Moses May, the Chairman of the Fair Committee who introduced Brooklyn Mayor Alfred C. Chapin who officially opened the charity fair on Clermont Avenue that will raise funds of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.



    1889: Police are expected to arrest Morris Kassofky who gave “a terrible beating” to Jacob Levy when the latter mistakenly tried to enter his apartment. They live in a building on Norfolk Street that is inhabited by Jewish immigrants from Poland.



    1888: “The Hebrews’ Thanksgiving” published in the Washington Post notes that the Jewish Feast of Lights, this year Falls on the same date as Thanksgiving.



    1888: It was reported today that the son of the “sexton who dwells in the basement of the synagogue” on 8th Street in Washington is suffering from typhoid fever.



    1889: In Newark, NJ, founding of the Plaut Memorial Hebrew School which held classes daily from 4 to 7 p.m. and was led by Myer S. Hood, the Principle and Superintendent Myer S. Hood.



    1890: “Friends of the Exiles” described the rejection of request made Jews to help their suffering co-religionists in Russia by the New York Bureau of the Siberian Exile Petition Association because “the work of the association…was done by petition” and “the work for the relief of the Jews required a different kind of effort.”



    1890: Birthdate of Newark, NJ, native and New Jersey Law School trained attorney, Judge William Unterman, “the chairman of the Ninth Ward Democratic Club” and “President of the Third District of B’nai B’rith who was the husband of Esther Untermann, the “first woman police judge in the City of Newark,



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1944/02/09/86846234.pdf



    1891 (25th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Mordecai Gimpel Jaffe passed away.



    1892: “In the Czar’s Family” published today described the hope that by naming the Crown Prince as President of the Russian State Council “the repression of Jews…will eventually be relaxed.”  (Things were always going to get better for Russian Jew – in the future!)



    1892(7th of Kislev, 5653): Sixty year old Mortiz Wahrman the first Jew chosen to chosen a member of the Hungarian delegation and successful businessman who bequeathed 200,000 crowns to “benevolent societies and “600,000 crowns for the erection of a Jewish gymnasium (school) passed away today.



    1893: “Seen in Ceylon” published today described the commercial life of this island state including “the keen-faced Jews with long, black ringlets” who “preside over stores of shining gems.”



    1893: Professor Felix Adler “gave the second lecture in his series on religious leaders” entitled “Moses and the Prophets” to an overflow audience at the Music Hall in New York City.



    1893: “Jews Expelled from Besieged Meililla” described the decision of the Spanish General to order all Jews to leave the Moroccan city as he battles against the Riffs -- a decision that is consistent with the behavior of "military commanders in Europe” who “rightly or wrongly” feel that the Jews are spies for their enemies.



    1894: The will of Adolph Bernheimer which names his widow, his brother Lehman and William Rothschild as executors was filed for probate today.



    1894: In Washington, DC, Solomon “Sol” Peyser and Eva Dux gave birth to Theodore Dux “Ted” Peyser who earned a law degree at the University of Virginia and served in WW I.



    1894: Birthdate of “Ukrainian-born American trade unionist” Jacob Samuel Potofsky who served as president of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America from 1946 until 1972.



    http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=9E0CE2DA153EE732A25755C0A96E9C946890D6CF



    1894:  In Columbia, MO, Leo Wiener and Bertha Kahn gave birth to child prodigy and famed mathematician Norbert Wiener.  Among his many accomplishments, Weiner is known as the discoverer of cybernetics.  President Johnson awarded him with the National Medal of Science two months before his death in 1964.



    1896: The University of Wisconsin football team led by first year head coach Philip King, a Jewish native of Washington, DC played to a six-six tie against Northwestern in Evanston, Illinois.



    1896(21st of Kislev, 5657): Joseph C. Wolf who was elected the State Assembly from the 16th District in 1892 and the State Senate in 1893 passed away today.  Born in 1849, the native of Besancon, France and graduate of Columbia Law School enlisted in the Second New York Light Cavalry at the start of the Civil War serving with the Army of the Potomac. 



    1896: Temple Israel and the West End Synagogue will hold a joint Thanksgiving Service starting at 3 p.m.



    1896: Temple Emanu-El will hold a Thanksgiving Service at 11 a.m.



    1896: As part of day long holiday observance, the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society will hold a Thanksgiving Service at the synagogue on 11thAvenue and 151st Street.



    1896: William Matthew Flinders Petrie married Hilda Urlin in London. This was the same year that he and his archaeological team were conducting excavations at Luxor when they discovered the “Israel’ or Merneptah Stele



    1897: During the Dreyfus Affair, today the French minister of war “received the following anonymous letter: ‘Monsieur le Minstre: You will find in a chamber on the sixth story interesting document concerning the Dreyfus case’ signed “A Patriot”



    1897: Through her lawyer Mr. Jullemier, Madame de Boulancy, cousin and former mistress of Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy, had decided to avenge her lover and debtor and sent to Senator Auguste Scheurer-Kestner letters from this officer, including the famous "letter of Uhlan". Scheurer-Kestner showed the letter to Pellieux, military commander of Paris, in charge of the administrative inquiry on Esterházy



    1898: The Emperor and Empress of German arrive at Potsdam this morning on their return from Palestine where the Kaiser met with Herzl.



    1899: Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a lecture this morning at Temple Emanu-El on “Are We Children of the Ghetto, or Children of the World?” which was a play on words using the name of the drama now appearing at a New York theatre.



    1899: In Roxbury, MA, founding of the Helping Hand Temporary Home for Destitute Jewish Children at the corner of Fort Ave and Beech Glen.



    1899: “Rosebery On Cromwell” published today provided the remarks made by Lord Rosebery at the ceremony celebrating the tercentenary of Oliver Cromwell including his observation that Cromwell “was the first Prince who reigned in England who welcomed and admitted Jews” a fact of which Jews and Englishmen are equally proud of as can be attested to by the presence of Sir Samuel Montagu, Lord Rothschild and Benjamin Cohen on the platform at the banquet honoring his memory.



    1899: In Roxbury, MA, founding today of Helping Hand Temporary Home for Destitute Jewish Children located at Fort Avenue and Beech Glen.



    1903: On Thanksgiving Professor Richard Gottheil delivered a lecture on Zionism at a Temple in New York City which “was accorded a most cordial reception.



    1903: Birthdate of Alice Herz-Sommer, also known as Alice Sommer-Hertz and Alice Sommer, “a Czech pianist, music teacher and survivor of the Theresienstadt concentration camp.”



    http://www.timesofisrael.com/life-and-laughter-from-oscar-nominated-film-about-survivor-110/



    http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/28/world/europe/alice-herz-sommer-pianist-who-survived-holocaust-dies-at-110.html?_r=0



    1904:Clarence Isaac de Sola, the “son of Cantor Abraham de Sola and Esther de Sola, and his wife Belle Maud de Sola  gave birth to Jessica E. Mellor who was married to both Ronald David de Pass and Sir John Mellor.



    1905: The First Jewish Colony on Manhattan Island published today described events that will be celebrated this Thanksgiving regarding “one of the most important events in Israel’s History” – the growth of New York’s Jewish population from 23 people to half a million.



    1905: “The contributions to the fund for the relief of the Jewish sufferers from Russian massacres took another upward bound” today “under the impetus of additional collections from many cities, particularly Chicago, which by sending $20,000 more now leads in contributions outside of New York City, there have been forwarded from there in all $80,000.”



    1905: It was reported today that the Jewish relief fund has raised $827,579 to help those suffering from the anti-Semitic violence sweeping Russia.



    1905: When Blood Flowed Like Water at Odessa” published today provided an eye-witness account “of the awful scenes of carnage” when Russian gentiles attacked the Jews following the Czar’s proclamation granting the people a Constitution.



    1909: Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.



    1909: Birthdate of Moe Mizler the London born boxer who was the brother of “British lightweight champion Harry Mizler.



    1911: Birthdate of Samuel “Sammy” Herman Reshevsky, the Polish born Jewish-American chess grandmaster who was a strong contender in the World Chess Championship competitions for a thirty year span.



    http://www.nytimes.com/1992/04/07/nyregion/samuel-reshevsky-is-dead-chess-grandmaster-was-80.html?pagewanted=all&mcubz=3



    1912(16th of Kislev, 5673): Eighty-four year old Baron George De Worms passed away.



    1912: In Chicago, “the first regular meeting of the K.A.M. Auxiliary is scheduled to be held this after in the vestry rooms of the Temple where attendees will hear speakers present “A Practical Symposium on the High Cost of Living.”



    1912: Simon Bloom was elected Mayor of Pine Bluff, Arkansas.



    1912: Birthdate of playwright Eugene Ionesco. There is dispute about Ionesco’s Jewish origins. According to a sizeable body of evidence, Ionesco’s mother was a Romanian of Sephardic Jewish origin. 



    1913: Birthdate of Josefina Grunfeldova, who in 1942 was deported from Prague to Ujazdow where she was murdered by the Nazis.



    1913: In a letter from the Chief Rabbi of Salonica to Prince Nicholas of Greece, the rabbi denies truth of charges of excesses committed by Greek soldiers, and declares he has not sought protection of powers for Jews of Salonica. Three months later the Greek Prime Minister, Venizelos, assured the Chief Rabbi that the rights of the Jews would be continued.



    1913: Jesse Laksy forms The Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company in partnership with his brother-in-law Samuel Goldfish (later known as Sam Goldwyn) and his friend Cecil B. DeMille. The Squaw Man is the company’s first film and it is an instant hit.  It is also the first movie filmed entirely in Hollywood, California. 



    1914: While fighting on the Western Front during WW I, Lt. F.A. De Pass, a Jewish officer from London “went forward to a sap-head in the front line to repair a parapet that had been damaged.   Seeing a German sniper at work, he tried to shoot him, but was himself shot through the head and killed.”  He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross, the British equivalent of the American Congressional Medal of Honor, for his bravery in the face of the enemy.



    1914: Harry Baff charged today that his father Barnett Baff had been shot dead “at the instigation of a clique of retail poultry buyers” referred to as the “kosher killers.”



    1915: It was reported today that there were 300,000 starving Jews in Poland and that “5 cents a day would provide succor for one war victim.”



    1915: “Isadore Hershfield of New York” the official representatives of Jewish relief societies of America arrived in Berlin today “on a mission of relief for the Jews in the war areas of Poland and Galicia.”



    1916(1st of Kislev, 5677): Rosh Chodesh Kislev



    1916: The list of contributions received by The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War published today including $22 from the Congregation Sons of Israel in Frostburg, MD, and $76 from the Congregation Sons of Israel in Dallas, TX.



    1916: In “Half of War-Stricken Poland’s Population Destitute” published today, Dr. Judah L. Magnes reported that in Poland, “there is no work that a Jew can do…and thousands are starving.”



    1916: This afternoon, Harry H. Schlacht of the East Side Protective Association announced “arrangements for a great peace meeting” which will be held at Public School 4 and whose attendees will include Jacob H. Schiff.



    1916: According to an announcement made today the American Jewish Committee “a Russian Jew named Gershenovitz…who was sentenced in 1914 to six years of penal servitude because he was accused of have helped he Germans” was acquitted by the Chief Military Court based “on evidence gathered by O.O. Grusenberg, a lawyer.”



    1916: During today’s meeting “of the Reichstag main committee it was pointed out that large numbers of Jews in Poland” who are not working “might be profitably employed in manufacturing” which help alleviate the shortage of laborers but would also prove beneficial to the Jews as well.



    1917: It was reported today that Adolph Lewisohn has donated his home at 881 Fifth Avenue to house the bazaar which be hosted next month by Temple Emanu-El to reduce expenses so that the maximum amount of money can “go to the relief of Jewish war sufferers and for welfare work among American soldiers and sailors.”



    1917: Jan Kucharzewski who would tell an interviewer from “the Jewish press” that he was not an anti-Semite became Prime minister of Poland today.



    1917: In Great Britain, the Manchester Guardian printed the text of the Sykes-Picot Agreement – the secret document that determined how the Ottoman Empire would be divided between the UK and France after World War.



    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sykes%E2%80%93Picot_Agreement#/media/File:Skyes_Picot,_The_Manchester_Guardian,_Monday,_November_26,_1917,_p5.jpg



    1918: Dr. Solomon Oppenheimer, the Superintendent of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum who has just returned from Palestine, gives a report on the condition of the Jews in Eretz Israel.



    1918: Rabbi Hyman Gerson Enelow, a member of the Overseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board, wrote from France today, “There are so few Jewish workers here I regard it a duty to remain here as long as possible.  It has not been possible to do much for” for those who suffered from the tribulation of the War.



    1919: “Madame DuBarry” a silent film biopic directed by Ernst Lubitsch was released today in Denmark.



    1920: Two days after he had passed away, Robert Hodes, the husband of Leah Hodes, with whom he had had three children, was buried today at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland.”



    1921: The peace treaty between the United States and Austria which ended World War I between these two nations was registered with the League of Nations.  The separate treaty was needed because the U.S. Senate, in a further act of the isolationism that would indirectly lead to WW II, had “refused to ratify the multilateral Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye of 1919.”



    1922: In an article entitled “Palestine Industries Thriving Capital and Settlers Needed” Dr. Arthur Ruppin notes the changes that have taken place since Herzl called for the establishment of a Jewish homeland 25 years ago at the first Zionist Congress.  While “towns of thousands houses have grown up on neglected ground” the need to develop irrigation projects and travel facilities represent the biggest challenge for future development as well as creating investment opportunities for foreign financiers.



    1923: “The Wanters” a drama from the silent film ear directed by John M. Stahl, produced by Louis B. Mayer and co-starring Norma Shearer was released in the United States today.



    1924: Birthdate of George Segal, sculptor lifelike mixed-media figures.



    1924: Ted “Kid” Lewis (born Gershon Meneloff) lost both the British and European Welterweight crowns.



    1925: Birthdate of pianist Eugene Istomin. He was an American pianist born in New York City of Russian-Jewish parents. He was famous for his work in the trio, with Isaac Stern and Leonard Rose, known as the Istomin-Stern-Rose Trio, with whom he made many recordings, and particularly of music by Beethoven, Brahms and Schubert. He also played with them in orchestral music, with conductors such as Eugene Ormandy Bruno Walter and also as a soloist.  He passed away in 2003.



    1926: In an article entitled “Palestine Industry Thriving,” Arthur Ruppin describes the social and economic progress that has been in Eretz Israel in the 25 years following Herzl opened the founding Zionist conference in Basel, Switzerland.



    1926: Birthdate date of Albert Maysles, the native of Boston, who teamed with his younger brother David to produce award winning documentary films.



    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/07/movies/albert-maysles-pioneering-documentarian-dies-at-88.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=mini-moth&region=top-stories-below&WT.nav=top-stories-below



    1928: In Moscow, “Andrei Navrozov, a writer, and the former Dina Minz, a neuropathologist” gave birth to their only child “translator and Soviet dissident” Lev Navrozov who in more than one publication claimed that while serving as Israel’s Ambassador to the Soviet Union, Golda Meir “had given Stalin a list of Russian Jews who would fight for Israel” and who then “disappeared at the hands of Stalin’s organs of state security.”



    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/09/arts/lev-navrozov-dead-soviet-dissident-translator.html?hpw&rref=obituaries&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-region&region=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well&_r=0



    1928: It was reported today that “Dr. Louis Finkelstein of the Jewish Theological Seminary” said “the condition of present-day Judaism” was like “a leaky ship” and that it was becoming apparent that the ship that was built tin the ghetto must undergo reconstruction for” use in America.



    1928: The Jewish Telegraphic Agency reports that evidence presented during the trial of a “communist named Teichman” the Druze Rebellion against the French mandatory government in Syria received financial and moral support from Communist groups in Palestine.



    1931: Dr. Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leader, in a lecture today before the Keren Hajessod for the Rhineland and Westphalia on the present states of Jewry and Zionism, said the unhappy position of the Jews in Germany was really no different from their position everywhere in the world.



    1933: Funeral services were held today “at Temple Adath Israel, in the Bronx” for seventy-three year old Russian born Rabbi Bernhard Rabbino who served congregations in several small towns including Keokuk, IA and Brunswick, GA, before becoming a lawyer and champion of the established of the “Domestic Relations Courts in New York” and who was the husband of “the former Anna Ladewig” with whom he had had four daughters.”



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1933/11/25/105822888.pdf



    https://www.jta.org/1933/11/27/archive/funeral-services-held-for-rabbino-civic-worker



    1933: In "Two Contrasting Views of Palestine" published today Jacob Weinstein reviewed Modern Palestine: A Symposium edited by Jessie Sampter and Beside Galilee: A First-hand Survey of Zionism and Modern Palestine by Hector Bolitho.


    1934: Release date for the cinematic version of Fannie Hurst’s novel Imitation of Life directed by John M. Stahl and produced by Carl Laemmle, Jr.



    1935: The Nuremberg Laws which were aimed Jews “were extended to ‘Gypsies, Negroes or their bastard offspring.’”



    1936: Birthdate of Yitzhak Yitzhaky, the native of Tiberias, the founder of and director of “Idud, a village for intellectually challenged children” who was an MK.



    1936: Nathan D. Perlman was “appointed as a justice of the Court of Special Sessions of the City of New York” today, a position to which he was reappointed in 1945.



    1936: For a second time, “the local rabbinical council protested to the Governor, Marshall Italo Balbo over the order that all shops in Tripoli are to remain open on all days of the week expect for Sunday which will force the Jewish merchants to violate their Sabbath or leave the new part of the city.



    1937(22nd of Kislev, 5698): Fifty-eight year old Yakov Ganetsky, the son of a Jewish factory owner, who joined the Bolshevik movement and became a close associate of Vladimir Lenin “was executed today” during Stalin’s Great Purge which was designed to consolidate the Dictator’s power and which had a distinctly anti-Semitic tinge.



    1937: The Palestine Post reported that three Jews were wounded when Arab terrorists shot at a crowded bus, traveling from Nesher to Haifa, and escaped.



    1937:  In another example of the anti-Semitism that was endemic to European society, the Palestine Post reported that a large number of Jews were again attacked and beaten in various towns in Lithuania.



    1938: “Angels with Dirty Faces” a gangster film with a twist directed by Michael Curtiz, produced by Samuel Bischoff and with music by Max Steiner was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.



    1938: In Pittsburgh, during the annual convention of Junior Hadassah, four speakers each agreed that “Jewish young people of American must pool their energies in a ‘fight for democracy’ and promote Zionism.”



    1938: Today “the National Republican Club adopted a resolution condemning the ‘relapse into barbarianism of the present rulers in Germany.’”



    1939: “Two Pioneers of Russian Music” published today provides Howard Taubman’s a review of Free Artist: The story of Anton and Nicholas Rubinstein by Catherine Drinken Bowen.



    1939: Dr. Mordecai Soltes, Harry Grayer, Dr. Jacob I. Steinberg, Herman Z. Quittman and Nathan Seidelman are scheduled this afternoon’s meeting of the Order of Sons of Zion in Greater New York at the Hotel Astor.



    1939: Dr. Henry G. Knight, Dr. Gabriel Davidson, Professor O.S. Morgan and Dr. Carl B. Woodward are scheduled to speak at the memorial service for Dr. Jacob Goodale at Temple Emanu-El.



    1939: At Congregation Emanu-El in New York, Rabbi B. Benedict Glazer is scheduled to speak on “The Promise of American Life.



    1939: At the Free Synagogue which holds services at Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise is scheduled to speak on “Happiness and Character: Do They Destroy Each Other?”



    1939: At Congregation B’nai Jeshurun in New York, Rabbi Israel Goldstein is scheduled to speak on “Information Please: A Jewish Intelligence Test.”



    1939: At Congregation Rodeph Sholom in New York, Ludwig Lewisohn is scheduled to speak on “The Answer to Israel’s Enemies.”



    1939: At the West End Synagogue in New York, “Rabbi Hyman Judah Schachtel will review John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath at a lecture-forum service.”



    1939: In New York at the Astor Hotel “a resolution” introduced by Herman Z. Quittman, executive director of the Sons Zion, “calling on the British Government to admit 50,000 Jewish refugee families from Eastern and Central Europe into Palestine in the next twelve months was unanimously adopted” this “afternoon by 200 delegates to the annual conference of Eastern leaders of the Sons of Zion, a national Zionist group” described the desperate plight of Jews living in Nazi Germany where there has been no organized immigration for Jews since last year and where mothers and wives do not know the fate of their sons and husbands.  “Our people have been pushed back and forth over the borders.  Palestine is the only country in the world where the arrival of Jewish refugees is greeted with rejoicing and festivities.”



    1939: “The third week of the 1939 merged appeal of the New York and Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities was ushered in” tonight “with a dinner in the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel attended by 1,200 representatives of the radio, music, refrigeration and allied industries including  David Sarnoff, Arthur Murray and Benjamin Abrams.



    1939: “1,000 Refugees on Vulcania” published today described the hopes of 1,000 German Jews fleeing the Nazis who have sailed from Genoa to settle in the United States.
    1939: In Baltimore, MD, Miss Gisela Warburg, the niece of the late Felix Warburg, who has just returned from Europe where she helped with Youth Aliyah, told those attending the sixteenth annual convention of Junior Hadassah



    1939: ‘More than a thousand members of the Jewish community of Teschen, Germany” have been given two more weeks to prepare for their deportation to Poland.
    1939: In South Bend, Indiana, Gertrude and Herman Boorda, gave birth to Admiral Jeremy Michael Boorda, “the 25th Chief of Naval Operations” and “the first American sailor to have risen through the enlisted ranks to become Chief of Naval Operations,” the top position in the United States Navy.



    http://www.nytimes.com/1996/05/18/us/admiral-in-suicide-note-apologized-to-my-sailors.html



     



    1939: “Death Decreed for Jews Who Fail to Wear Armbands or Ignore Curfew” published today described the edict issued in German occupied Poland that “any Jew leaving his home without a special permit between 5 pm and 8 am may be punished by death” and that Jews failing “to wear a broad yellow arm band” will also face the death penalty.



    1939: “Cantor Kusewitsky Is Safe” published today brought word that Moijzez Kusewitsky, the chief cantor of Poland and the cousin of Mrs. Isior Achron has not been by the German bombing of Warsaw but has escaped with his family to Bucharest.



    1939: “May Send Mail to Poland” published today described a cablegram from Arnold M. Kaiser, secretary of the Polish Fund of London that included the assertion that letters for those living in Upper Silesia and Danzig maybe sent through the federation which will forward them to Geneva before they reach their final destination in Poland.



    1940: British Secretary of State for the Colonies Lord Lloyd calls those who are working to save Jewish lives by illegally transporting them to Palestine "foul people who had to be stamped out."



    1940: The Nazis forced 500,000 Warsaw Jews to live in walled ghetto.



    1940: “Nearly 600 people, including leaders from the judiciary, education and Newark’s political and social life” attended a dinner-dance at the Essex House which was a celebration of Judge William Untermann’s fiftieth birthday.



    1941: A fleet of six aircraft carriers commanded by Japanese Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo left Hitokapu Bay under strict radio silence. On December 7th, the world would find out that their destination was Pearl Harbor.  The arrival of the fleet would usher in America’s entrance into World War II and all that would flow from that. 



    1941: The recapture of Rostov by Russian forces marked the first major setback suffered by Germany in World War II, 1941.  The German blitz had moved unchecked across the Soviet Union since June of 1941.  By stopping the Nazis at Rostov, the Soviets forced the German Army to suffer through a Russian Winter from for which it was ill-prepared.  The Germans would resume their offensive in the Spring of 1942 but the Wehrmacht would have been depleted just enough that it would fail a year later at Stalingrad which would mark the beginning of the end for the German military.  Unfortunately, none of these military setbacks would slow down the pace of the Final Solution. 



    1942: A ship called the Donausailed from Oslo’s Pier 1 carrying 532 Norwegian Jews, now classified as prisoners all of whom would end up in Concentration Camps.



    1942 Norwegian police forces under the direction of the Gestapo handed 532 Jewish prisoners to the SS at Pier 1 in Oslo harbor. The ship was under the command of Untersturmführer Klaus Grossmann and Oberleutnant Manig. Men and women were put in separate holds on the ship, where they were deprived of basic sanitary conditions and mistreated by the soldiers. Only 9 of the prisoners survived the Second World War.



    1942: At dawn, in Norway, the Quisling police returned to the home of Isak Plesansky, the founder and proprietor of the Tonsberg Clothing School and arrested his wife, daughter and son.   All of them would be gassed at Auschwitz within the month.



    1942: ''Casablanca,'' starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York. The Jewish connections with this film classic are so numerous that this should only be considered a partial list. Jewish actors included Peter Lorre, S.Z."Cuddles" Sakall, and Leonid Kinskey.  Conrad Veidt was not Jewish but his wife was.  Michael Curtiz, a Hungarian Jew, was the director. The script was a product of Jewish writers Julius and Philip Epstein. The inspiration for the movie came from a play by Murray Bennett.  Bennett got the idea after going to Vienna to help Jewish relatives after the Aunschluss in 1938.  The score was written by Max Steiner…and that will have to do for now.



    1942: Jews in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland, who are lured from hiding places by Nazi promises of no retribution, are taken to a synagogue, locked inside, and subjected to random gunfire by Ukrainians.



    1943: Birthdate of producer and director Bruce Paltrow, a native of Brooklyn, a graduate of Tulane University where he is a member of Sigma Alpha Mu Fraternity and  a producer who was responsible for two of television’s best dramatic series - The White Shadow and St. Elsewhere.  He also directed several episodes of Homicide as well as full length motion pictures.  He died in 2002 after battling cancer.



    1944: In an interview given today on the eve of his 70thbirthday, Dr. Chaim Weizmann said that “any blueprint for the future of what is left of the Jewish people should include allowing at least 100,000 refugees settle in Palestine annually and that this “must be undertaken by the United Nations as a measure of historic justice.  He said that this is the least that is owed to the Jewish people “whose agony in Hitler’s Europe during this war needs no elaboration.”  When he used the term “agony” Weizmann could have included the loss of his son Michael who died while serving with the RAF.



    1944: Government officials announced that “twelve more arrests were made today in Tel Aviv and Haifa during continued police searches for suspects connected with” what they described as underground political terrorist groups.



    1944: As World War II entered its last phase, the Germans decided to hide all evidence of the mass murders. On orders from Himmler the gas chambers and crematoria at Auschwitz and Birkenau were blown up.



    1945: In a personal letter bearing today’s date Nathan Shilkret wrote to his wife about why he undertook the Genesis Project including the insights that “it was never intended to be a work of musical art” but rather a creation intended “to appeal to all record buyers.”



    1945: Jewish underground blows up police headquarters and several electric power stations.



    1945: Mandatory government sends troops to search for arms in Jewish settlements in Sharon and Samaria.



    1945: Soviet Union proposes submission of the Arab-Jewish problem to Big Five Conference.



    1945: Polish Jews announce in Italy that they intend to proceed to Palestine by any means.



    1946(3rd of Kislev, 5707): Stephen Theodore Norman, the only grandson of Theodor Herzl, plunged to his death off a Massachusetts Avenue Bridge in Washington D.C. at the age of 28.  During WWII, Norman had served as a Captain in the British Army.  He visited Palestine in late 1945 and 1946.  Severe depression brought on by the Holocaust and the plight of the Jews after World War II ended led to severe depression which led to his final moments.



    1946: Birthdate of Roni Milo, future Mayor of Tel Aviv


     


    1946: Jewish refugees in Haifa resist British attempts to ship them Cyprus.


     


    1947: Louis Bromfield, co-chairman of American League for Free Palestine, charges that Arabs have obtained surplus U.S. arms.


     


    1948: Bulgaria recognized Israel.


     


    1948: Hans Möser: Ex SS-Obersturmführer and commander of the Protective Custody Camp at Mittelbau-Dora who had been condemned to death on 30 December 1947 for his involvement in the executions of camp inmates was executed in Landsberg prison today.


     


    1948: Sixteen more Spitfires in Czechoslovakia were awaiting “an opportunity to fly to Israel.”


     


    1948: Menachem Begin visited New York Mayor William O’Dwyer


     


    1948: Abba Eban tells a meeting of the UN Truce Mission that Israel will not let a large force of Egyptians surrounded by the Israelis in the Negev retreat until the Arab’s accept the Armistice Resolution.


     


    1949: Pasha el Mulbi says that the Jerusalem must be held by the Arabs to protect the surrounding Arab sectors.


     


    1949: Jordan rejected the plan for an internationalized Jerusalem.


     


    1949: Birthdate of Roni Milo, Israeli MK and cabinet minister who served as Mayor of his hometown, Tel Aviv from 1993 to 1998.


    1949: Birthdate of Shlomo Artzi an Israeli folk rock singer-songwriter and composer. Born in Moshav Alonei Abba he has sold over 1.5 million albums, making him one of Israel's most successful male singers matching the success of his sister Nava Semel the author of Kova Zekhukhit (Hat of Glass) which was the first published work in Israel that addressed topics of the children of Holocaust survivors



    1950: Rabbi Theodore Friedman is scheduled to speak at a Youth Aliyah Dinner-Dance at the Henry Hudson Hotel sponsored by The North Hudson New Jersey chapter of Hadassah



    1951: The Tales of Hoffmann “a British Technicolor film adaptation of Jacques Offenbach's opera The Tales of Hoffmann,” co-directed by Emeric Pressburger was released today in the United Kingdom.



    1952:The Jerusalem Post reported that in the Knesset Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion sharply attacked Mapam in the debate on the Prague trial, accusing it of duplicity and inability to face the truth about the Soviet regime. The Knesset, by an overwhelming majority, adopted a resolution expressing “its sense of shock at the trial now proceeding in Prague, which had struck at the Jewish people... and on the attempts to bring into disrepute the good name of the State of Israel.”



    1952: In Bonn, “entrepreneur and tobacco industrialist Philipp Fürchtegott Reemtsma” and his wife gave birth to Jan Philipp Reemtsma “who hired a researcher” at the start of the 21st century to examine the art collection he inherited from his father to make sure that none of it had been looted by the Nazis from its rightful owners, many of whom would have been Jewish.



    1952: “Time Out For Ginger” a comedy starring Melvyn Douglas (Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg) opened on Broadway today at the Lyceum Theatre.



    1953(19th of Kislev, 5714): Seventy-nine year old Mary Grossmann Buxbaum, the daughter of Ignaz and Anna Rosenbaum Grossman and the wife of Louis Buxbaum passed away today after which she was buried in Mount Sinai Cemetery in Cuyahoga County, Ohi.



    1954: Dr. Nelson Glueck, president of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, said that through the use of dense settlement and exploitation of natural resources Israel's southern Negev desert could be restored to its ancient prosperity.



    1954: Birthdate of Rosalind "Roz" Chast, the Flatbush native who became an award winning cartoonist for The New Yorker.



    http://jwa.org/people/chast-roz



    1956:Sixteen-year-old Ellery Schempp refused to listen or to participate in the mandatory Bible-reading exercise of his high school in the Abington School District outside of Philadelphia. According to one source, Schempp was disciplined for reading from the Koran during his high school’s mandatory Bible reading time. After being severely disciplined by the district administrators, Ellery and his family initiated a lawsuit that would ultimately make its way to the Supreme Court of the United States. The defendants were the authorities of the Abington School District. In the end, the Supreme Court ruled that religious recitations and prayers of any kind were in violation of the Constitution of the United States if practiced in public schools. Schempp was raised as a Unitarian. “The minor rebellion led to a landmark Supreme Court case that (much to the relief of many Jewish students) outlawed school-sponsored prayer.



    1958: Birthdate of David Asper, a Canadian businessman and lawyer who has served as the  Executive Vice President of the Canadian media company CanWest Global Communications Corp and as Chairman of the National Post newspaper and a Professor at the Robson Hall Faculty of Law at the University of Manitoba. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Asper is the eldest son of the late Izzy Asper, founder of CanWest Global. He is the brother of Leonard Asper, current president of CanWest Global. In the mid-1980s, Asper represented David Milgaard, who was wrongfully convicted of murder in 1970. With Asper arguing the case before the Supreme Court of Canada, Milgaard's conviction was overturned in 1992.[1] Asper endorsed Toronto Conservative candidate and former Global news anchor Peter Kent in the 2006 Canadian federal election. Asper is a former trustee of the Fraser Institute. Asper is also one of the main proponents behind building a new stadium for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. If his stadium proposal is accepted Asper will spend $100,000,000 of his own money to finance part of the stadium and build a shopping complex on the stadium grounds. In exchange he would become owner of the team, who are currently community owned. He is currently in negotiations with the football clubs board of governors over his stadium proposal. Asper is married to Ruth Asper and has a 2 sons and a daughter: Daniel, Rebecca, and Max.



    1959(25th of Cheshvan, 5720): Seventy-eight year old Austrian born Columbia University trained “physician and surgeon” Dr. Joseph F. Saphir, the former “chief of proctology at Manhattan State Hospital” and the husband of Elsa Saphir with whom he had had three daughters passed away today.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1959/11/27/80562443.pdf



    1960: In Newark, Delaware Elaine "Leni", a social worker, and William Markell, who taught accounting at the University of Delaware gave birth to Jack Alan Markell, the 73rdGovernor of the state of Delaware.



    1960: ITV network transmitted the last episode of “The Strange World of Gurney Slade” starring Anthony Newley who “devised the British comedy series.”



    1961(18th of Kislev, 5722): Anglo-Jewish Zionist leader Israel Cohen who “from 1909 to the beginning of World War II Cohen directed the English department of the Zionist Central Office in Cologne and later in Berlin” and whose exciting life was chronicled in A Jewish Pilgrimage: The Autobiography of Israel Cohen passed away today.



    https://books.google.com/books/about/A_Jewish_Pilgrimage.html?id=-JMaAAAAIAAJ



    1963(10th of Kislev, 5724): Sixty-seven year old Dr. Otto Saphir, the Viennese born “director of the Department of Pathology at Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center” and husband of Ethel Saphir with whom he had had two children passed away today.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1963/11/27/121702046.pdf



    1964(21st of Kislev, 5725): Sixty-nine year old “Dr. Joseph L. Fink, the Springfield, OH born son of “Rabbi Mendel and Tillie Kagen Fiinkelstein and husband of Janice Gutfruend and the rabbi emeritus of Temple Beth Zion in Buffalo, NY passed away today.



    https://www.nytimes.com/1964/11/27/archives/dr-joseph-fm-rabbi-69-is-dead-spokesman-for-reform-jews-led-buffalo.html



    http://collections.americanjewisharchives.org/ms/ms0105/ms0105.html



    1964(21st of Kislev, 5725): Sixty-one year old Herbert Solow the editor of the Menorah Journal who went from being a follower of Trotsky to an editor of Fortune passed away today.



    1965: “My Ship Is Comin’ In” a song written by Joey Brooks was released today in the United Kingdom.



    1966(13th of Kislev, 5727): Parashat Vayishlach



    1966(13th of Kislev, 5727): Seventy-six year old Galician Poland native Dr. Morris Teller, the son of Samuel and Annie Teller who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania after which he was ordained at JTS where he also received advanced degrees before serving as rabbi of the South Side Hebrew Congregation and who was the husband of “the former Nellie Ruby and the father of Sheldon Teller passed away today.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1966/11/28/90238888.pdf



    1966: NBC broadcast “Fame Is the Name of the Game” a mystery movie directed by Stuart Rosenberg.



    1973: “Rachael Lily Rosenbloom (And Don't You Ever Forget It)” with Ellen Greene in the title role has its first pre-Broadway performance tonight.



    1975: An ABC show titled "Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell" was cancelled today.



    1976(4th of Kislev, 5737): Eighty-four year old Vanderbilt University Medical School graduate, Julius A. Haiman, “an ear, nose and throat specialist” and adjunct professor at Polyclinic Hospital passed away today.



    https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1976/11/30/80207343.pdf



    1976: The Organizing Committee of the symposium on Jewish culture appealed to a number of international organizations and public figures with a call for support.



    1977: “A passage featured in Nelson Algren's 1983 book The Devil's Stocking was broadcast during the Southern Television hoax which generated international publicity when students interrupted the regular broadcast through the Hannington transmitter of the Independent Broadcasting Authority in England for six minutes” today.



    1980: Two months are premiering in the United States, “Without Warning” a sci-fi film co-starring Martin Landau was released in France.



    1981: Boris Chernobylskii, who had previously been “detained on the street” and kept in the police station for two days “was arrested in Moscow” today after which the Moscow Municipal Court sentenced him to 12 months of imprisonment.



    1982: The New York Times reported that the number of Jewish day schools was “on the rise, especially among the Orthodox as they catered to the growing number of Orthodox youths, including the children of Soviet, Israeli and Iranian immigrants.”



    1982:Howard Cossell called his last fight after being disgusted by the Larry Holmes-Tex Cobb mismatch.



    1986: The New Yorker Magazine published "The Way We Live Now" a short story about AIDS written by Jewish author Susan Sontag.



    1986: “Solarbabies,” a sci-fi film  co-starring Jamie Gertz was released in the United States today.



    1986: U.S. premiere of “The Mosquito Coast” produced by Saul Zaenta and featuring Jason Alexander who would gain fame as “George Constanza” on “Seinfeld.”



    1986: The trial of John Demjanjuk opened in the Jerusalem District Court today.



    1987: Five people were injured in the bombing of a military bus stop in Israel.



    1988(17th of Kislev, 5749): Seventy-six year old Werner Julius Seligmann, the son of Frantz Seligmann and Erna Seligmann and husband of Irma Seligmann passed away today in Notevideo.



    1989: The New York Times included a review of The Jews In America: Four Centuries of an Uneasy Encounter by Arthur Hertzberg.


    1992(1stof Kislev, 5753): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    1992: FOX broadcast the final episode of “The Heights” a short lived “musical drama series” created by Eric Roth.


    1992(1stof Kislev, 5753): Ninety-year old Bernard M. Baruch, Jr., the son of the fame financier passed away today.



    1993(12thof Kislev, 5754): Eighty-two year old Brazilian born American composer Bernardo Segall, the nephew of painter Lasar Segall passed away today.



    1994: CTV broadcast the last episode of “Robo Cop” the television series produced by Jay Firestone, the son of Esther Firestone, the first female cantor in Canada.


    1995: Showtime broadcast “Red Wind,” the final episode of “Fallen Angels” an anthology series developed by Steve Golin with theme music by Elmer Bernstein.


    1996: Publication of The Book of Jewish Food: An Odyssey from Samarkand to New York by Claudia Roden.



    1997: “Alien: Resurrection” a sci-fi horror film co-starring Winona Ryder and Ron Perlman was released in the United States today.


    2000: The New York Timesfeatured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest includingJulius Knipl, Real Estate Photographer: The Beauty Supply Districtby Ben Katchor


    2001(11th of Kislev, 5762): A Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and lightly wounded two Border Policemen at the Erez crossing point in the Gaza Strip.


    2001: Eric Moonman “appeared at an ‘Executive Luncheon” hosted by the Centre for Counter Studies during which he said he thought the media had been, "highly responsible and supportive of U.S. and international efforts to root out terrorism" and that when it came to fighting terrorism “we can’t afford to abide by the Queensbury rules of war in the face of such a dangerous and unscrupulous threat."


    2003(1stof Kislev, 5764): Rosh Chodesh Kislev


    2003(1stof Kislev, 5764): Seventy-seven year old composer Myer Kupferman passed away today. (As reported by Allan Kozinn)




    2005: Start of Jewish Book Month sponsored by the Jewish Book Council.  According to its website, “The mission of the Jewish Book Council is to promote the reading, writing and publishing of quality English language books of Jewish content in North America. To carry out its mission, the Jewish Book Council sponsors a variety of activities and programs. The most widely known are the National Jewish Book Awards, established in 1948/9, and the Jewish Book Month. Its publications include Jewish Book Annual and Jewish Book World.”


    2005: Sharon Fichman defeated Pemra Özgen to win the tennis tournament at Ashkelon.


    2005(3rd of Kislev, 5707): Children’s author and illustrator Stan Berenstain passed away.  He and his wife Jan are best known for creating the children’s book series, “The Berenstein Bears.”


    2006: Juilliard instructor Samuel Zyman praises the talent of Jay “Bluejay” Greenberg during an interview on tonight’s broadcast of CBS News 60 Minutes.


    2006: Just in time for Jewish Book Month, The Sunday Washington Post book section featured a review of Somewhere: The Life of Jerome Robbins by Amdanda Vail.


    2006: The Sunday New York Times list of “100 Notable Books of the Year” includes the following volumes by Jewish authors or about Jewish topics: Everyman by Philip Roth, Golden Country byJennifer Gilmore, Intuition by Allegra Goodman, A Woman in Jerusalem by A. B. Yehoshua,Courtier and The Heretic: Leibniz, Spinoza, and the Fate of God in the Modern Worldby Matthew Stewart.Greatest Story Ever Told: The Decline and Fallof Truth From 9/11 to Katrina by Frank Rich,The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million, by Daniel Mendelsohn,Prisoners: A Muslim and a Jew Across the Middle East Divide by Jeffrey Goldberg andSweet and Low: A Family Story, by Rich Cohen.


    2006:  In Auckland, New Zealand, The Governor-General of New Zealand, gives a speech at event celebrating one hundred years of the Auckland Chevra Kadisha and Benevolent Society attended by Hon Judith Tizard; President of the Auckland Chevra Kadisha and Benevolent Society, Sonny Beder; President of the Auckland Hebrew Congregation, Rabbi Jack Engel and former President, Rabbi Jeremy Lawrence.


    2006(5th of Kislev, 5767): Eighty-eight year old Jeanne Lesser who had been married to Louis Lesser for more than 70 years passed away today.


    2007: Holocaust denier David Irving and Nick Griffin anti-Semitic leader of the British National party are scheduled to speak at the Free Speech Forum sponsored by the Oxford Union.  Britain’s defense secretary Des Browne, three British lawmakers and Labour Party leader Denis MacShane have all refused to appear before the group because of Irving and Griffin.


    2007: In Jerusalem the Uganda Pub hosts an Ethiopian evening – music, films, food, lectures and even Ethiopian beer - followed by DJ and dancing.


    2007: Premiere of “Boy A” starring Andrew Garfield as “Eric Wilson / Jack Burridge.


    2007(16thof Kislev, 5768): Ninety-four year old comedy writer Mel Tolkin, “the man who made Sid Caser funny” passed away today.



    2008: The OU Bicentennial Convention opens in Jerusalem.


    2008: Premiere of “The Joy of Singing” a French film directed by Ilan Duran Cohen.


    2008: The 92nd Street Y hosts an Israeli Folk Dance Thanksgiving Marathon.


    2008: After months of delay, the Supreme Court is due to hear a petition regarding the 20,000 Subbotnik Jews of Russia, many of whom have found it increasingly difficult in recent years to get permission to make Aliyah


    2008: Attorney-General Menahem Mazuz notified Prime Minister Ehud Olmert on Wednesday that he planned to indict him on several criminal charges relating to the Rishon Tours affair.


    2008(28th of Cheshvan, 5769): Bentzion Chroman, who survived an earthquake in China earlier this year, was killed when a terrorist invaded the Mumbai Chabad House where he had stopped briefly today for the afternoon minhah prayer. Rabbi Leibish Teitelbaum, who helped supervise kashrut was also killed in the attack. Other victims of the terrorist attack on the Mumbai Chabad House included Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg, his pregnant wife Rivka and Norma Shvarzblat Rabinovich.


    2008: “Saul Steinberg: Illuminations,” a travelling exhibition, which will displayed original Steinberg works opened in London.


    2008: “Milk” a biopic about Harvey Milk, the son of Lithuanian Jewish immigrants, produced by Bruce Cohen with music by Danny Elfman was released in the United States today.


    2009: At the Sixth & I Lunch & Learn Rabbi Ethan Seidel leads a class studying unsettling stories containing elements of relativism, confusion, acknowledgment of chaos, and distrust of authority.


    2009: Tikvat Israel Synagogue in Rockville, MD, features an evening of Israeli folk dancing.


    2009: Hamshushalayim, a three-weekend-long festival, opens in Jerusalem.


    2009: Minister of Culture and Sport Limor Livnat told Likud activists this evening that “I do not envy the prime minister because I know he is in distress. It isn’t easy to face an American President.” The Likud Minister was addressing a meeting of party activists in Be'er Sheva. Livnat was referring to Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu’s press conference earlier where he announced that the government would temporarily freeze construction for Jewish residents of Judea and Samaria. The official announcement came after several months of intense American pressure on Netanyahu to halt all Jewish development in Israel’s heartland. Livnat insinuated that the freeze will do nothing to advance the State of Israel’s interests but that the prime minister is being forced into the discriminatory policy by the government of the United States.


    2009: This evening, Palestinian terrorists in Gaza fired five mortar shells toward the western Negev. The shells landed in an open field in the Eshkol region, causing no casualties or damage.


    2009: Britain’s Chief Rabbi, Lord Jonathan Sacks gave his first speech in the House of Lords during which he “apid homage to Britan an said it was a sense of indebtedness to the country that drives Jews to make the vast contribution they make to society.”


    2009: Belgian attorney and politician Mischaël Modrikamen, the son of Marcel Modrikamen whose father was “a Jewish immigrant from Poland who had fled anti-Semitism” launched the People's Party (PP,) which, he claimed, was based on the values of justice, responsibility and solidarity.


    2010: The New York Times Reviews Nora Ephron’s Last Book



    2010: The National Museum of American Jewish History opens in Philadelphia, PA


    2010: In Brussels, opening of Party Like a Jew a fun-filled weekend organized by the European Centre for Jewish Students (ECJS), the largest European organization for young adults in Europe.


    2010(19thof Kislev, 5771): “Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism.”  The 19th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev is celebrated as the "the New Year of Chassidus (Hasidism)."“It was on this date, in the year 1798 that the founder of Chabad Chassidism, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi (1745–1812), was freed from his imprisonment in czarist Russia. More than a personal liberation, this was a watershed event in the history of Chassidism, heralding a new era in the revelation of the “inner soul” of Torah. The public dissemination of the teachings of Chassidism had in fact begun two generations earlier. The founder of the chassidic movement, Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (1698–1760), revealed to his disciples gleanings from the mystical soul of Torah which had previously been the sole province of select kabbalists in each generation. This work was continued by the Baal Shem Tov’s disciple, Rabbi DovBer, the “Maggid of Mezeritch”—who is also deeply connected with the date of “19 Kislev”: on this day in 1772, 26 years before Rabbi Schneur Zalman’s release from prison, the Maggid returned his soul to his Maker. Before his passing, he said to his disciple, Rabbi Schneur Zalman: “This day is our yom tov (festival).” Rabbi Schneur Zalman went much farther than his predecessors, bringing these teachings to broader segments of the Jewish population of Eastern Europe. More significantly, Rabbi Schneur Zalman founded the “Chabad” approach—a philosophy and system of study, meditation, and character refinement that made these abstract concepts rationally comprehensible and practically applicable in daily life. In its formative years, the chassidic movement was the object of strong, and often venomous, opposition from establishment rabbis and laymen. Even within the chassidic community, a number of Rabbi Schneur Zalman’s contemporaries and colleagues felt that he had “gone too far” in tangibilizing and popularizing the hitherto hidden soul of Torah. In the fall of 1798, Rabbi Schneur Zalman was arrested on charges that his teachings and activities threatened the imperial authority of the czar, and was imprisoned in an island fortress in the Neva River in Petersburg. In his interrogations, he was compelled to present to the czar’s ministers the basic tenets of Judaism and explain various points of chassidic philosophy and practice. After 53 days, he was exonerated of all charges and released. Rabbi Schneur Zalman saw these events as a reflection of what was transpiring Above. He regarded his arrest as but the earthly echo of a Heavenly indictment against his revelation of the most intimate secrets of the Torah. And he saw his release as signifying his vindication in the Heavenly court. Following his liberation on 19 Kislev, he redoubled his efforts, disseminating his teachings on a far broader scale, and with more detailed and “down-to-earth” explanations, than before. The nineteenth of Kislev therefore marks the “birth” of Chassidism: the point at which it was allowed to emerge from the womb of “mysticism” into the light of day, to grow and develop as an integral part of Torah and Jewish life.”


    2010(19thof Kislev, 5711): Yahrtzeit of the Maggid of Mezritch, the successor of the Baal Shem Tov


    2010: Alice Herz-Sommer turned 107 today and is the world’s oldest known Holocaust survivor, as well as being the second oldest resident of London, England.



    2011: Pianist Taiyuan Stepanov and clarinetists Alex & Daniel Gurfinkel are scheduled to perform “Clarient with a French Flavor at the Eden Tamir Music Center in Ein Kerem-Jerusalem.


    2011: Penultimate performance of Arthur Miller’s “After the Fall” sponsored by Theatre J (an arm of the DC Jewish Community Center) is scheduled to take place tonight in Washington, DC.


    2011: A Kassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel exploded in the Eshkol Regional Council area early today.


    2011: The Israel Air Force struck two centers of terrorist activity in the southern and central Gaza Strip tonight in response to rocket fire into southern Israel, according to the IDF Spokesman's office. The IAF recorded direct hits on both targets and all aircraft involved in the actions returned safely to their respective bases. The IAF strikes caused some damage near the central Gazan city of Khan Yunis, but no casualties were reported, according to the Palestinian Ma'an news agency. The IDF reiterated that attacks directed against Israeli citizens would not be tolerated and the army would continue to act against terrorists. Hamas will be held responsible for all terror activity emanating from Gaza, an IDF statement added.


    2012: David Siegel, the Consul General of Israel in Los Angeles is scheduled to speak at Temple Emanuel of Beverly Hills.


    2012: A scheduled screening of “Killing Kasztner, The Jews that Dealt with the Nazis” at the Upper East Side Chabad will be followed by a discussion led by the film’s director and Dr. Joseph Berger, Holocaust survivor saved by Kasztner.


    2012: Ehud Barak, who over a half-century career became Israel’s most decorated soldier and held the nation’s trifecta of top positions — chief of staff of the military, prime minister and, since 2007, defense minister — announced today that he would soon “leave political life,” withdrawing from elections scheduled for Jan. 22.


    2012: The French Consulate in Jerusalem recently hosted as a guest of honor a Palestinian terrorist, Salah Hamouri, who was convicted of plotting to kill Ovadia Yosef, a former chief rabbi of Israel and the spiritual leader of the ultra-Orthodox Shas party, an Israeli newspaper reported today.2013: Jewish Book is scheduled to come to an end today.


    2013: Robert Levinson, “if he is still alive” today “become the longest held hostage in American history.”


    2013: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “The Reconquest of Jewishness in Post-War America: Will Herberg and Irving Howe


    2013: Rabbi Jonah Layman is scheduled to lead the Greater Olney Interfaith Thanksgiving Service at Shaare Tefila.


    2013: Alice Herz-Sommer, the oldest living Holocaust survivor who is the subject of “The Lady in Number 6: Music Saved My Life” is scheduled to celebrate her 110thbirthday



    2013: Fifth anniversary of the Mumbai Massacre a terrorist attack on  Westerner and Hindus and institutions that they used including the Naiman House, the Chabad Center where Jews, regardless of their affiliation could always find comfort and a meal. The victims included Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg, his pregnant wife Rivka, Israelis Bentzion Kruman and Yoheved Orpaz, Brooklyn Rabbi Leibish Teitelbaum and Mexican Jewess Norma Rabinovich.



    2013(23rdof Kislev, 5774): Sixty-six year old Guiora Esrubilsky, “a prominent Argentinian businessman bas in Florida” who “presided over last summer’s Maccabiah Games” passed away today.



    2013(23rdof Kislev): Seventy-four year old legendary Israeli performer Arik Einstein passed away today. (As reported by Elad Benari)



    2013(23rdof Kislev): Ninety-year old Israel Prize Winner Bracha Kapach passed away one day before the 96th anniversary of the birth of husband Rabbi Yosef Kapach.



    2013(23rdof Kislev, 5774): Eight-nine year old photographer Saul Leiter passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)




    2014: In the UK The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to host “The Crooked Mirror: A Memoir of Polish-Jewish Reconciliation?”


    2014: In Melbourne, “The Israeli Code” and “Shtisel” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2014: “Interior Minister Gilad Erdan canceled the residency permit of the widow of one of the Har Nof synagogue killers today, effectively deporting her out of Israeli territory and stripping her of any financial or social benefits.” (As reported by Marissa Newman)


    2014: “Torrential rains continued to sweep across much of Israel rasing the levels of the Sea of Galilee by 3.5 centimeters (1.37 inches) marking the highest one-day rise of the so for the the lake that is one of Israel’s key water sources. (As reported by Spence Ho)


    2015: ”Lless than two weeks since the bride’s father Rabbi Yaakov Litman, and her 18-year-old brother Netanel were shot dead in a terrorist attack as they drove on Route 60 in the southern West Bank on November 13” Sarah Techiya Litman and Ariel Biegel were married this evening at the elevated plaza in front of Jerusalem’s International Convention Center. (As reported by Renee Ghert-Zand)


    2015(14thKislev, 5776): Sixty-five year old “Amir D. Aczel, a science writer who took readers on a mathematical mystery tour in “Fermat’s Last Theorem,” his account of how a famous 300-year-old problem in number theory was finally solved in the 1990s, and went on to write more than a dozen popular books on intriguing scientific ideas and discoveries” passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)



    2015: The Chaplains of the Oxford University Jewish Society are scheduled to host Thanksgiving Dinner in their home with a traditional Turkey dinner, pumpkin pie “and all of the trimmings.”


    2015: In London, Professor Roger Luckhurst, Birkbeck, University of London is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “Blood Fractions: The Octoroon and Other Fantasies” at the Jewish Museum.


    2016(25thof Cheshvan, 5777): Parashat Chayei Sara


    2016: “Two Palestinians were arrested” this “morning on suspicion of starting a fire” that devastated the settlement of Halamish” but were later released.


    2016: Standing amidst the ruins of their restaurant Rama’s Kitchen which had been by raging wildfire, Rama Ben Zvi and Maya Ben Zvi said they would re-build “but that it take time” in part because they were “still coming to terms with the loss.”


    2016: “Monsieur Mayonnaise” and “Dark Diamond” are scheduled to be shown in Melbourne as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.


    2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Wine Lover’s Daughter: A Memoir by Anne Fadiman and In Deadly Cure by Lawrence Goldstone.


    2017: Rhe Studio of the Jerusalem Conservatory “Hassadna” is scheduled to host “Hineh ma Tov!” the annual concert of works by Israeli composer Emanuel Vahl.


    2017: “The Calcalist business daily reported” today that “US e-commerce behemoth Amazon is preparing to launch retail sales activities in Israel and is in talks to rent 25,000 sq. meters (260,000 sq. ft.) of storage space in central Israel to provide the local market with products.”


    2017: The 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end today.


    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Bernard Lewis whose works included Semites and Anti-Semites and  The Muslim Discovery of Europe continues today.


    2018: Tobi Kahn, Rabbi Dianne Cohler-Esses and Rabbi Esther Azar are scheduled to lecture on “Artist’s Beit Midrash: Re-Reading Torah.”


    2018: Biet Avi Chai is scheduled to host Professor Daniel R. Schwartz of Hebrew University lecturing on “Two Views of the Maccabean Revolt”


    2018: In Israel businesses are scheduled to take part in Cyber Monday as can be seen by “Hazorfim’s Cyber Monday Sale” https://hazorfim.com/en/sale.htmland El Al’s Cyber Monday sales https://hazorfim.com/en/sale.html


     


     


     


     



     


     


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    November 27


    176: Emperor Marcus Aurelius grant his son Commodus the rank of Imperator and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions. To the world at large Marcus Aurelius was “the philosopher-king” or “philosophical but impractical” ruler, but to the Jews he was just Roman emperor who held them in contempt describing them as “’Stinking and tumultuous!’” to his companions as he traveled through Judea. The dissolute nature of Commodus has become well known to all through the film “Gladiator.” Commodus showed his ineptitude in his failed attempt to defeat the Parthians, Rome’s eastern enemy whose empire reached to the borders of Palestine.  Unable to defeat an armed enemy in the field, Commodus began fresh persecutions of the Jews living there denying them, among other things, the right to use their courts of justice.




    1095: First Crusade proclaimed by the Council of Clermont. By now everybody should be aware of the fact that the Crusades ushered in a period of death and destruction for the Jews of Europe and Eretz Israel.



    1198(Kislev, 4959): Rabbeinu Abraham ben David known by the abbreviation RABaD (for Rabbeinu Abraham ben David) passed away.  Born in Provence, France in 1125, he was a Provençal rabbi, a great commentator on the Talmud, Sefer Halachot of Rabbi Yitzhak Alfasi and Mishne Torah of Maimonides, and is regarded as a father of Kabbalah and one of the key and important links in the chain of Jewish mystics



    1308: Henry VII who “was presented with a scroll of the Law by a delegation of Jews from Rome which had gone to meet him began” began his reign as King of the Romans



    1614: In Frankfurt, Vincenz Fettmilch, the ringleader of the Fettmilch Rising during which the Judengasse was attacked looted, was arrested along with 38 of his followers and “charged for their persecution of the Jews.”  (They would eventually be executed.  The authorities really were not upset about his attack on the Jews.  What got him into trouble was when he was perceived as a threat to the Emperor and the ruling order.



    1688 (4th of Kislev): Rabbi Elijah Kovo of Salonika, author of Aderet Eliyahu, passed away



    1710: Birthdate of Robert Lowth, the Bishop of the Church of England who 1754 was awarded a Doctorate in Divinity by Oxford University, for his treatise on Hebrew poetry entitled Praelectiones Academicae de Sacra Poesi Hebraeorum (On the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews) which derives from a series of lectures that were published by George Gregory in 1787 as "Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews".



    1755: An English merchant named Joseph Salvador bought 10,000 acres near Fort Ninety-Six, in the southern part of the Carolina Colony. In 1773, Joseph Salvador would send his nephew Francis Salvador to South Carolina to develop the land as an indigo plantation.  At the outbreak of the American Revolution the wealthy young aristocrat joined the fight for independence.  He died of wounds in August of 1776 while fighting the Cherokee allies of the British.  The following words were etched on his tombstone: Born an aristocrat he became a democrat, An Englishman he cast his lot with America; True to his ancient faith, he gave his life for new hopes of liberty and human understanding.”



    1757: Birthdate of William Blake, English poet, painter and printmaker.Controversy surrounds Blake’s grasp of Jewish mysticism. It seems pretty clear that Blake’s art and writing invoke Kabbalah, but scholars debate how Blake accessed the Jewish mystical concepts he quoted. Some argue that the dozen or so Hebrew inscriptions in Blake’s etchings and watercolors show that Blake was fluent in Hebrew. But close analysis of the works, some of which are on exhibit at The Morgan Library & Museum, reveals that Blake had not even mastered the letter alef. Reading Kabbalah in Hebrew without knowing the first letter of the alef-bet would be as implausible as tackling “Finnegans Wake” with barely a grasp of the English alphabet. Arguments that Blake knew Hebrew date back to Frederick Tatham, who cared for Catherine after Blake’s death in 1827. In a letter to bookseller Frances Harvey, Tatham said that Blake’s library included “well thumbed” books in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French and Italian, as well as works by Swedenborg and Christian mystic Jacob Boehme. “His knowledge was immense, his industry beyond parallel,” Tatham wrote. Modern scholars echo Tatham’s claim. Writing in the journal Modern Philology in 1951, David V. Erdman ascribed “some Hebrew” to Blake, particularly the knowledge that beth-lehem means “house of bread.” “We know that Blake knew a little Hebrew,” Anthony Blunt agreed, writing in the Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes in 1943, “for he wrote to his brother in 1803 that he was learning the Hebrew alphabet, and his etching of the Laocoön [a copy of the sculpture “Laocoön and His Sons”] bears a few words in Hebrew script.” In his book “The New Apocalypse: The Radical Christian Vision of William Blake (The Davies Group, Publishers, 2000), Thomas J. J. Altizer suggests not only that Blake knew Hebrew, but also that he was self-taught.But the work that Blunt cites as proof of Blake’s proficiency in Hebrew, “Laocoön” — a circa 1820 print depicting snakes strangling the famous Trojan priest and his two sons — is one of the best pieces of evidence that Blake did not know Hebrew. Writing “malakh Jehovah,” which he translated as “The Angel of the Divine Presence,” Blake inadvertently rotated the alef 90 degrees on its y-axis. He spelled “Lilit” (Lilith) correctly, but he miswrote “Jeshua” (Jesus) with another rotated letter, this time an ayin (the 16th letter). “Laocoön” does not appear in the Morgan show, but an etching from Blake’s Job series does. In an etching from Blake’s Job series, the artist again wrote “The Angel of the Divine Presence,” but this time he wrote the Hebrew “melekh Jehovah,” which means King Jehovah, rather than malakh (with an alef), the Angel of Jehovah. In “William Blake’s Illustrations of the Book of Job,” S. Foster Damon says that Blake intentionally removed the alef to show that Job was worshipping a false God — mistaking an angel for the king. But could Blake really have known enough Hebrew to distinguish between “melekh” and “malakh,” when he revealed in “Laocoön” that he didn’t even know how to form the letter properly?  “Job’s Evil Dreams,” features a bearded figure with hooves encircled by a snake. The figure hovers above a reclining man and points with its right index finger to the Ten Commandments. Though Blake wrote out only two of the commandments in full, the inscriptions contain more than a dozen mistakes. One line contains a properly and an improperly formed alef, a further inconsistency suggesting that Blake was copying a language he did not understand. “Blake did study Hebrew with his one-time patron, William Hayley, but scholars are not agreed about his proficiency in the language,” explained Leslie Tannenbaum, associate professor of English at Ohio State University and author of “Biblical Tradition in William Blake’s Early Prophecies: The Great Code of Art” (Princeton University Press, 1982). According to Tannenbaum, the late Gerald Bentley, a Blake scholar who taught at Princeton University, implied in a biography that Blake was “fairly fluent” in Hebrew. But Tannenbaum also notes that Sheila A. Spector, whom he describes as “an extremely meticulous scholar and expert on Blake and the Kabbalah,” writes that Blake did not know the biblical language.In Blake’s preface to the chapter “To the Jews,” from the poem “Jerusalem,” Tannenbaum sees references to the kabbalistic concept of Adam Kadmon (the primordial man). Blake learned Kabbalah from Swedenborg’s writings on Boehme, who seems to have been influenced by Balthasar Walther, Tannenbaum adds, and Blake also identified with the Avignon Society, which sought science and reason “in such unlikely places as alchemical lore, cabbalistic numerology, mesmerist séances, Swedenborgian spiritualism, and (perhaps most surprising of all) the Scriptures.” In “Wonders Divine: The Development of Blake’s Kabbalistic Myth” (Bucknell University Press, 2001) Spector, an adjunct associate professor at New York University, agrees that Blake’s kabbalistic sources were Christian rather than Jewish, and English rather than Hebrew. Further, Blake was “unfortunately” influenced by his contemporary Anglo-Israelites, who thought that English derived from Hebrew “and that the language of the Jews was a spurious version in which the rabbis obscured the ‘true Christian’ message to be found in the Bible,” Spector said.“Under the circumstances, the question of whether or not Blake was fluent in Hebrew misses the point,” she added. “He rejected normative Hebrew in favor of the linguistic gymnastics that re-interpreted words to conform with some eccentric – to be charitable – interpretations that coordinated Hebrew and English, as well as Greek, etymologies to proffer a new interpretation of Scripture.” (As reported by Menachem Wecker)



    1785(25th of Kislev, 5546): Channukah



    1798 (19th of Kislev, 5559):Rabbi Shneur Zalman founder of Chabad Lubavitch was released from a St Petersburg jail. He had been arrested on charges of high treason for allegedly sending money to the Czar’s enemy, the Sultan of Turkey. In reality he was sending money to Jews living in Eretz Israel which was part of Turkey at the time.  Shneur Zalman is the author of two works Tanya and Likkute Torah which describe the philosophy of the Chabad movement.  Chabad is an acronym for the Hebrew words Chokhmah (wisdom), Binah (understanding) and Da’at (Wisdom).  Lubavitch is the name of the town in which the Descendants of Dov Baer, the Maggid of Mezhirech, Shneur Zalman’s “teacher” settled.  In 1798, November 27 corresponded to the 19th day of Kislev.  Ever since then Chabad Lubavitchers mark YUD-TET KISLEV (19th of Kislev) as day of joy and celebration.



    1804: Birthdate of Sir Julius Benedict, the German born highly successful English composer and conductor who was knighted in 1871.



    1804: While serving in the United States Navy, today, Gershom R. Jacques was promoted from “Surgeon’s Mate” to “Surgeon.”



    1814: Judah Elias Piza and Rachel Piza, the parents of David and Elias Piza were married today.



    1815: Birthdate of Simon Hock, the Prague born businessman who created a history of the Jews of Bohemia.



    http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Hock_Simon



    1819: Leopold Zuns and Eduard Gans founded the Verein fuer Cultur und Wissenschaft der Juden, (The Society for Culture and Science of Judaism). It delved into Jewish history, culture and literature using scientific methods of criticism and assessment. The Society lasted less than five years. Gans and many others converted to Christianity.



    1830: Joseph Mérilhou, the French official who successfully got the Deputies to adopt legislation treating Judaism on equal footing with Christianity when it came to public financial support for synagogues and rabbis completed his term as Minister of Public Education.



    1834: Birthdate of Michael Bernays, the Hamburg born lawyer who displayed an expertise in matters pertaining to Shakespeare and Beethoven and who unlike his brother Jakob, converted to Christianity.



    1837: Birthdate of Ludwig Loewe, who began as manufacturer of sewing machines and then became major arms maker whose employees included Georg Luger, the inventor of the famous “Luger” pistol.



    1839: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi Poznanski officiated at the marriage of Jacob Suares and Isabella Nathans.



    1844: Five days after she had passed away in Paris, 32 year old Mary (Montefiore) Mocatta, the wife of Benjamin Mocatta, was buried today “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”



    1846: A wagon train owned and commanded by Albert Speyer, a Prussian born Jew, arrived  at San Juan de los Lagos, Mexico, in time for the pre-Christmas fair where he sold his merchandize, “reloaded the wagons with Mexican goods – mainly silver curios and sugar – and returned to Chihuahua” Mexico.



    1853: An editorial entitled “The Arrest of Rabbi Asche” published today questioned the methods used by the authorities when they arrested Rabbi Asche and two other Jews on charges of selling lottery tickets.  The editorial supported the concept of law and order but thought the police could have used better judgment in exercising their authority.



    1856: Proof of the role of Jews played in settling the American Frontier can be found in the letters Thomas Gladstone sent to the London Times excerpts of which were published today.  In describing those traveling up the Missouri River Gladstone reports that his fellow passengers included “Border Ruffians, Abolitionists…Jews” and others who “completely” represent “the various classes of the population in Kansas.”


     


    1858: It was reported today that two New York Rabbis have been arrested on charges of selling lottery tickets based on the charges brought by one of their co-religionists.


    1860: In Paris, there are reports of a serious rift between Achille Fould, the Jewish financier who is a close advisor to Emperor Napoleon, and the Empress.



    1861: Seventy-seven year old Jeanette Wohl the confidant of Ludwig Borne, the German Jewish writer who like so many of his contemporaries became a Lutheran but was not above characterizing his rival Heine as “a yeshiva student” whom he accused of “the Jewish trait of employing witticisms for their own sake,”



    1863: Jacob Miller was wounded at Mine Run, VA, while serving at the 60thRegiment of the Third Cavalry.



    1863: At the Wooster-street Synagogue, Thanksgiving Day services were held at 3 o'clock, embracing the usual afternoon prayers, conducted by Rabbi S.M. Isaacs the Prayer for the Government and appropriate hymns, after which an address was delivered by Meyer S. Isaacs, the Rabbi’s son He commenced with a reference to the peculiar significance of the present day of thanksgiving, observed as it was by all Americans, wherever resident, in response to the recommendation of the Executive. It was a grand spectacle, an entire nation united in offering up incense on an altar of a religion all alike profess -- thanksgiving and praise to the Supreme Being. Divesting themselves of social, political and religious distinctions, superior to the division of sentiment engendered by sectional ideas and antagonistic theories, they assembled in their respective places of worship, to pour forth praises to Him enthroned on hish. Actuated by these considerations, his audience had gathered together in their house of God, that they too might join in the grand anthem swelling upward to celestial heights. Israelite and Christian grasped each other's hand in cordial confidence, working together, fighting together the battles of the Union, pouring their blood on the battle-field in friendly rivalry for country's sake. There was no trace of religious intolerance or sectional feeling in the proclamation of the day; we were called upon to observe it as Americans, acknowledging special obligations to Heaven for the providences so graciously displayed in the progress of our struggle for national existence, and not unmindful of His divine favor in the daily blessings unintermittingly showered upon us, whose value we often fail to diiscern until we are deprived of them. He then took his text from Psalm c., verses 4 and 5, discussing it from its various points of view, and earnestly directing attention to the necessity of sincerity in this observance of National Thanksgiving. The stake was too mighty a one to permit even the semblance of insincerity in the history we were making, in our protestations of patriotism. It is understood now, that our love of country is not purely romantic, but that we were in earnest in our expressions of determination to reestablish the national supremacy, to permit no armed assemblage, however formidable, however desperate, to maintain an eternal antagonism to the constituted authorities.  Were we equally sincere in our observance of Thanksgiving, in our expressions of dependence upon God, of our own unworthiness and His eternal goodness and truth? This was to be the lesson of the day. He then illustrated his text by a reference to the peculiar benefits the Israelites of America enjoy in this land of thorough civil and religious liberty. We should enter His gates with thanksgiving, His courts with praise, "for here there was no distinction recognized between Jew and Gentile in the guaranty by the Constitution of protection in the enjoyment of the sacred rights of man.  Returning to the broader view of the subject, as Americans, we should signalize the sincerity of this observance by an amendment in those respects where we acknowledge national faults. Although we have demonstrated a stauncher patriotism than we ourselves believed to be inherent in American character, there may be more sacrifices to make, more selfish considerations to combat, more errors of administration to deplore and divest of their apparent danger to the State by a confirmed determination to strengthen the hand of those we have chosen to preside over our national destinies. In conclusion, he spoke of the favorable prospect before us, as contrasted with the gloom, astonishment and despondency at the culmination of the preparation for the war upon our flag. The ship of state, madly tossed upon an unknown sea, exposed to the dangers of the warring elements, her pilots surrendered to the guilt of the hour or sadly inexperienced, was now sailing majestically into a safe harbor, a clear head and a steady hand at the helm; but God be thanked for this great salvation -- no human wisdom or power hath accomplished this.  He closed with a fervent prayer for the continuance of Divine favor to the land, and its speedy restoration to peace and prosperity.



    1868: The Philadelphia “Press” published an abstract of the Thanksgiving Day Sermon delivered by Rabbi Jastrow at Congregation Rodef Shalom.



    1871: “A Tolerant City” published today quotes the Jewish Chronicle as saying that “Ireland is the only country where Jews were never persecuted.”  As proof of Irish tolerance, the Chronicle cites the case of a young Jewess named Miss Samuel, who, when she was on her death bed was the object of prayers of recovery offered both in Jewish synagogues and Christian Chapels.  Her funeral included thirty carriages that were filled with citizens of both faiths.



    1871: In Philadelphia, Simon B. Fleisher and Cecelia Hofheimer gave birth to Samuel Stuart Fleisher the Wharton graduate, manufacturer of year and amateur artist whose works were displayed at American Art Society Exhibition in 1903 who also served Director of the Jewish Foster Home and Orphan Asylum and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Jewish Chautauqua Society.



    1872: Two days after he had passed away, 62 year old Hyam Levy, the husband of the former Frances Naphtali with whom he had had six children was buried today at “West Ham Jewish Cemetery” on Buckingham Road.”



    1873: The Charity Committee of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum has asked that an appeal be made during today’s Thanksgiving Day services for contributions of money, clothing and other items that can be used to aid Jews who are economically distressed due to the current depressed economy.



    1874:  Birthdate of Zionist leader and Israel’s first President Chaim Weizmann. He first gained fame as th