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- 11/20/18--20:11: _This Day, November ...
- 11/21/18--21:24: _This Day, November ...
- 11/22/18--21:42: _This Day, November ...
- 11/23/18--21:14: _This Day, November ...
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- 11/25/18--17:22: _This Day, November ...
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- 12/03/18--20:48: _This Day, December ...
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- 12/09/18--15:11: _This Day, December ...
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- 11/20/18--20:11: This Day, November 21, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 11/21/18--21:24: This Day, November 22, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 11/22/18--21:42: This Day, November 23, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 11/23/18--21:14: This Day, November 24, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 11/24/18--21:17: This Day, November 25, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 11/25/18--17:22: This Day, November 26, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Lvin
- 11/26/18--18:55: This Day, November 27, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
456 BCE (20th of Kislev, 3306): On November 21, Ezra called together all the men of Judah and Benjamin and told them that they would have to give up their foreign born wives. This was part of an attempt by the returning exiles to purify and strengthen the House of Israel even though some might say that it altered the definition of “who was a Jew” as can be seen by the Book of Ruth which was written to portray a different point of view.
1265: Abraham of Augsburg, who had converted to Judaism “died a martyr’s death” today which was the subject of elegies by Mordecai ben Hillel and Moses ben Jacob.
1272: Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England. As bad as Henry had been for the Jews, Edward would prove to be even worse. After squeezing all he could out of his Jewish subjects, Edward expelled them in 1290. England would remain officially Jew-free until for the next four centuries.
1619: Shah Abbasi (Sufi Dynasty, Persia) intensified persecution against the Jews. Many Jews were forced to live "Marrano-like" lives, outwardly practicing Islam. This policy was continued by his son, Abbas II.
1654(11th of Kislev, 5415): Rachel Heller (Ashkenazi), the wife of Tosfot Yom Tov and daughter of Aharon Moses Ashkenazi (Munk) and Nechama Nechele Nechly Netile Ashkenazi passed away today.
1694: Birthdate of the French philosopher Voltaire. The great philosopher of the Enlightenment was a vicious anti-Semite. Not only that, he was an anti-Semite with a twist. Other Enlightenment philosophers that once Jews were no longer persecuted they would give up their religious trappings and meld into the mainstream of European culture. Voltaire believed that Jews were innately deformed and that they were beyond reform. However, Voltaire was humane, but he did not believe that they should be burned at the stake. In his own words he described Jews as “an ignorant, and barbarous people who have long exercised the most sordid avarice and detestable superstition, and an insurmountable hate for all peoples who have tolerated and enriched them.
1746: In Reading, PA, David Mendez Machado and Zipporah Nunez gave birth to Rebecca Menes Machado who became Rebecca Mendes Phillips when she married Jonas Phillips and later became “one of the founding members of the Female Association for Relief of Women and Children in Reduced Circumstance” and a “director of the Female Benevolent Society, the first Jewish charity in America unrelated to a synagogue."
1789: North Carolina ratifies the U.S. Constitution to become the 12thstate in the Union. North Carolina has one of the oldest Jewish communities in the United States. The early history of the Jews in North Carolina is a mixed. In 1776, it was one the original thirteen colonies that could boast of having an organized Jewish community. In 1852, the Jews of Wilmington, N.C, purchased land for a burial plot. However, the congregation was not organized for another until 1867. This lengthy was not unusual in the South. In other ante-bellum communities, land was purchased for a cemetery, but with war clouds gathering, Jews waited before building synagogues and temples. Further delay was caused by the Civil War and the impoverishment that followed. In 1809, Jacob Henry was the first Jew elected to the legislature in the state. He accomplished this feat despite the state’s religious tests for office holders. Strangely enough, the Tar Heel state did not get around to removing religious tests until 1876. The Jewish Community of North Carolina has made great strides over the years. According to the Glenmary Research Center, which publishes Religious Congregations and Membership in the United States Guilford County (which includes Greensboro and High Point) ranked 99thon a list of the 100 counties in 2000 with the largest Jewish communities, based by percentage of total population. The thirty thousand Jews comprise 0.3% of the state’s population but pack enough clout to have gotten then Governor Jim Hunt to support a state agency designed to stimulate economic and cultural exchanges with the state of Israel.
1792: Birthdate of Benoit Fould, the French banker who married Helena Oppenheim whose dowry provided “part of the initial capital of the new bank Foul-Oppenheim et Cie.
1800: Birthdate of “bare-knuckle boxer” Barney Aaron the native of Aldgate who was nicknamed “The Star of the East” and who was the father “Young Barney Aaron”.
1818: A petition written by Lewis Way, an English missionary, requesting the restoration of an independent Jewish nation in Palestine was submitted by Czar Alexander to the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle
1822(7th of Kislev, 5583): Eighty year old Lazarus Solomon passed away in Jamaica today.
1823: Birthdate of Julius von Gomperzes, the Austrian industrialist who brother of historian Theodor Gomperzes, and the uncle of philosopher Heinrich Gomperzes.
1824: [Editors note: Contrary to popular misconception, the American Jewish Community has deep, historic roots outside of New York and its immediate environs.] The first Reform Congregation, Beth Elohim, was established in Charleston, South Carolina. Beth Elohim congregation is the birthplace of Reform Judaism in America and the oldest surviving Reform congregation in the world. Its members have been eminent leaders in the city, state and nation. Among them: Moses Lindo, who helped develop cultivation of indigo, and Joseph Levy, the first Jewish military officer in America. The present beautiful Greek revival temple at 90 Hasell Street (pronounced Hazel) was built in 1840. The congregation began as a Sephardic group in 1749. George Washington wrote, "May the same temporal and eternal blessings which you implore for me rest upon your Congregation..." The Beth Elohim Coming Street cemetery is the largest pre-Revolutionary Jewish cemetery in America. The congregation's first rabbi, Moses Cohen, was the first person buried here, in 1762. Bernard Baruch's great grandfather, Rabbi Hartwig Cohen, is one of several other Beth Elohim rabbis here. Other noteworthy persons at this site are nine Charleston Jews who took part in the American Revolution, six who fought in the War of 1812, eight of the 180 Charleston Jews who fought in the Civil War, and three of the Jewish Masons who founded the Scottish Rite here in 1801. The history of Charleston Jewry is beautifully documented with ceremonial objects, records, paintings and photographs at the Beth Elohim Archives Museum. A three-story house at 89-91 Church Street in Charleston was the model for Catfish Row, the centerpiece of Porgy and Bess. George Gershwin wrote the opera while living in Folly Beach. As it moves into the 21st century, the Jewish Community shows its vibrancy through the construction of the College of Charleston, Yaschik/Arnold Jewish Studies Center. Housed in a new three million dollar, 12,000 square foot building, the center offers college credit Jewish studies courses serving the entire community. The Robert Scott Small Library houses the largest archives of South Carolina Jewish history. Last but not least, Reuben Morris Greenberg has been Chief of Police in the city since 1982. He is the first African-American Jewish police chief in the city’s history.
1831: Robert le diable (Robert the Devil) an opera in five acts composed by Giacomo Meyerbeer premiered tonight at the Academie Royale De Musique in Pars.
1837: Birthdate of “Austrian literary historian Marcus Landau” the native of Brody who “wrote over 700 essays, memoirs, and feuilleton articles in German and Italian for newspapers and literary periodicals.”
1841: Jonas Jonas married Catherine Levy the Great Synagogue today.
1842: Sir Louise Loewe created a series of hand-drawn maps for Sir Moses Montefiore showing the parts of Western and Eastern Europe through which they would be traveling on their way to the Levant.
1848: In New York, the "B'nai Jeshurun Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society," for the relief of indigent females was formed thanks to the efforts of Mrs. Henry Leo, Mrs. A.H. Lissak and Mrs. David Samson.
1849: Birthdate of William A Gans, who practiced law with Samuel B Hamburger for 35 years and who besides his involvement in numerous Jewish communal organizations, served as a Captain in the Sixth Regiment of the National Guard of New York.
1851: In New York, Albert M. Gans and Julia Stransky gave birth to attorney William A. Gans the graduate of NYU, the youngest ever appointed to serve in the New York National Guard and active member of the B’nai B’rith who was president of the Maimonides Library for twenty years., president of the Menorah Publishing Company for five years and columnist for the American Hebrew who wrote the “On the Wing Column” using the nom de plume “Argus.”
1852: Birthdate of Jeanette Schwerin, the native of Berlin who “was a women’s rights activist and a pioneer social worker.
1854: Birthdate of Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa who as Pope Benedict XV denounced anti-Semitism in response to a petition by American Jews and who gave Nahum Sokolov an extended audience where he presented the case for a Jewish state in Palestine to the Pontiff.
1857: In Zanesville, Ohio, Jacob Schumacher and his wife gave birth to Gottlieb Schumacher, the future U.S. Consular Agent in Haifa.
1859: Simon F. Norton the future father-in-law of Henry Klein, who had founded Norton’s Dry Goods at Los Angeles earlier this year became a naturalized U.S citizen today.
1860: Phineas Solomons married Julia Myers at the Great Synagogue today.
1861: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed Judah P. Benjamin Secretary of War. Before the Civil War, Benjamin had been the second Jewish member of the United States. After the war, he would refuse to surrender and would move to Great Britain where he became a barrister. Benjamin is always connected with Louisiana and New Orleans. However, there is also a strong connection with Charleston, South Carolina. Judah Philip Benjamin attended the Hebrew Orphan Society School in Charleston, as a boy. The building still stands at 88 Broad Street. High on the front is a Hebrew inscription. The house of Judah Benjamin's father can be seen nearby at 35 Broad Street.
1865: Abraham Shnerman and Bonetta Wiley gave birth to Rosa Shnerman who married Max Shloss and became Rosa Shnermann Shloss, the name on her tombstone in Emmanuel Cemetery in Des Moines, IA.
1866: Jacob Schiff was licensed as a broker today.
1870: In Vilna, leather merchant Osip Berkman and Yetta Berkman gave birth to Ovsei Osipovich Berkman who gained famed as Alexander Berkman the anarchist from of Emma Goldman who attempted to assassinate Henry Clay Frick during the steel strike.
1871: “Railroad Travel” published today described the interaction between a passenger traveling from Syracuse and New York City and what he described as “Hebrew matron” weighing at least “250 pounds.”
1873: It was reported today that the Charity Committee of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Society has issued an appeal to the Jewish community to provide aid to their less fortunate co-religionists who are suffering during the current economic depression which has resulted in a marked increase in unemployment. Because of the severity of the current economic crisis there is a large number of “industrious laborers and artisans” who are suffering and are not used to seeking aid and assistance. Contributions of money and clothing can be left a Number 6 Walker Street in Manhattan.
1874(12th of Kislev, 5635): Birthdate of Rena L. Phillips.
1875: According to reports published today, Emanuel B. Hart, a member of New York’s Jewish community will be in charge of entertainment at next month’s fund raiser for Mount Sinai Hospital.
1877: Birthdate of Rudolf Löb, the native of Eberfeld, Prussia who was the first non-family member to serve as chairman of the banking house of Mendelssohn & Co.
1878: It was reported today that a copy of the “Kabbala Denudata” which was published in Frankfort in 1684 has been sold at auction for $19.00. (This probably refers to work entitled “The Kabbalah Unveiled” by Christian Knorr von Rosenroth.]
1879: “An assignment for the benefit of creditors, by Abraham Lager to Max Moses, was filed in the County Clerk’s office” in New York today.
1879: A report was published today describing the worsening situation of the Jews in Germany. During the last month, at least 30 anti-Semitic pamphlets have been published in Berlin. An "Antisemiten-Liga" (“League of Antisemites”) has been formed the members of which are “many of the wealthiest and most prominent citizens.” Riots have taken place in which Jews have been not only insulted by severly maltreated. The origin of this commotion may be traced back directly to that current of reaction, both in Church and State, which is now setting in over all of Germany.”
1879: The first edition of The American Hebrew is published in New York. Phillip Cowen was the first publisher of this weekly paper which was founded by F. de Sola Mendes.
1880: Founding of the Hebrew Union Synagogue in Greenville, MS located on Main Street with a cemetery on Poplar Street whose members included Charles Hafter, Sam Blum and Henry Schall. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Friedland
1880: The annual reception and ball sponsored by the William Rothschild Association is scheduled to take place this evening in New York City’s Irving Hall.
1880: It was reported today that the government faced stiff questioning about the recent outbreak of anti-Semitism during a session of the lower house of the Prussian Diet. Deputies “denounced the revival of race hatred and pointed out the inconsistency” of a country that “had taken diplomatic action in favor of the removal of disabilities of the Jews in the Balkan Principalities” harboring such sentiments.
1881: “Jewish Legends” published today provides a detailed review of The Wandering Jew by Moncure Daniel Conway.
1881: Birthdate of Viennese banker Felix Somary who before the Anschluss repeatedly tried to get Baron Louis Nathaniel de Rothschild to leave Austria
1882: Jehiel Brill left Rosinoi, Russian Poland, with eleven men—ten farmers and a "melamed" (teacher)—today, and arrived at Palestine the following month. The story of his journey and of its results is given in detail in his work, Yesod ha-Ma'aleh (The Base of the Slope). Brill was Russian journalist who had been chosen for his take by Rabbi Samuel Mohilever and Baron Edmond de Rothschild. (As reported by the Jewish Encyclopedia)
1883: It was reported today that Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Nathan led the opening march at the charity ball hosted by the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum.
1883: In Franklin Falls, NY, Nathan Lamport, the son of Esther and Tsvi Hirsch Lamport and Sarah Lamport gave birth to Arthur Lamport
1884: In Odessa, Mordecai (Max) Podeell and Minnie Podell gave birth to David Louis Podell, who came to the United States in 1893 where he became a successful lawyer in New York, helped to draft the National Industrial Recovery Act,served as a trustee for the Federation of Jewish Charities and the Educational Alliance and was the husband of Sarah (Cissie) Podell
1885: At Parepa Hall on the corner of 86th Street and Third Avenue “A charitable fair” sponsored by the Hebrew Ladies’ Benevolent Society which is raising “funds to assist the poor without regard to creed, color or nationality” is scheduled to come to an end this evening
1885: On Shabbat, Rabbi Henry Pereira Mendes delivered a sermon at Shearith Israel Synagogue “concerning the recent meeting” of a group of rabbis at Pittsurgh “and their publication of a…declaration of the ideas of reformed Judaism, ideas which” the rabbi said, “are totally different from European reformed Judaism.
1886: Three days after she had passed away, 80 year old Rosetta (Rose) Lazarus, the widow of Joseph Lazarus, with whom she had eight children, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”
1887: Birthdate date of Louise Pollak who married Julian Pollak in 1913
1887: “Something About Prejudice” published today highlights the views of Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler on this subject. In his view, the Jews can do a great deal “to totally annihilate” prejudice “by not exhibiting prejudice in their turn”
1888: It was reported today that Conrad Ausorge performed Schubert’s “Wander Fanstasia” at the Metropolitan Opera House as part of concert that was a fundraiser of the Aguilar Free Library which was founded in 188 and named for Sephardic Jewish author Grace Aguilar.
1890: After surviving a three day run the Finance Committee of the Citizens’ Savings Bank which had been so desperate to regain public confidence that it had enlisted the services of a local rabbi, is scheduled to meet today to see what can be done to salvage the financial institution that has large number of poor Jewish depositors.
1890: Mark Koss, a tailor from Kiev, begged Agent Reinholz of the United Hebrew Charities Society to help him recover his missing baby who had been kidnapped by Sara Grimsburg, a former girlfriend whom he had known in Russia.
1891: A “Palestine Bazaar” a fund raiser held to provide additional funds for the Louis Down-Town Sabbath and Daily comes to an end after three days. The Bazaar had been closed on Friday.
1891: Herzl's comedy "Prinzen aus Genieland" - "Princes from Genius Land", is produced at the Carltheater in Vienna. It achieves only a short run.
1891(20th of Cheshvan, 5652): In the U.K. 41 year old David Crawcour who lived at 10 Mulcaster Street, passed away today.
1892(2nd of Kislev, 5653): Henry Murh, a prominent member of the Philadelphia, PA Jewish community passed away. A native of Bavaria, he established H. Murh’s Sons, a jewelry manufacturing firm.
1892: Sándor Wekerle, the Prime Minister of Hungary appeared before the Diet where he “promised that bills for State recognition of the Jewish religion” would be introduced by his government.
1893: Dr. Joseph Silverman introduced Professor Charles Briggs at a meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association who lectured on “Modern Biblical Criticism.”
1893: “A Sop for Jews in Russia” published today described a possible new policy in Russia that will Jews to live in “Russo-Polish” villages owned by noblemen who will “guarantee their lawful behavior” but will continue to forbid Jewish settlement where such guarantees cannot be obtained.
1894: “The New Czar” published today held out little hope for an improvement of the condition of the Jews, since “the cruel persecution of the Jews, was the most popular part of the late Czar’s governmental program and that if a “really representative Russian Parliament” were ever assembled it adopt even more stringent regulations against the Jews.
1895: Several New York Jewish businessman expressed their “utter indifference” with the announced plans of Dr. Ahlwardt , the German anti-Semite and Jew baiter to visit the United States next month.
1895: Herzl arrives in London and holds conversations with Israel Zangwill. Zangwill gives him the names of "several suitable men" with whom to meet including Colonel Goldsmid, Rabbi Singer and Chief Rabbi Adler.
1896: Following the issuance of President Grover Cleveland’s Thanksgiving Proclamation that asked for “a continuance of heavenly favor through the mediation of Him who us how to pray, Rabbi Isaac M. Wise said that in invoking the image of Jesus, “the President panders to the passions of those bigoted sectarians who have been endeavoring to undermine the pure secularism upon which this Government is based.”
1897: The Chief Rabbi is scheduled to preach the sermon at today’s service marking the celebration of the centenary of the founding of Western Synagogue which will include a musical program under the direction of Orchestra conductor Johann Davids and choir director D.M. Davis.
1897: Professor Felix Adler delivered an address “What is Religion?” at the Carnegie Music Hall today.
1897: The Board of Deputies is scheduled to hold its monthly meeting this morning at the Vestry room of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in London.
1897: Today, Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, the founder and President of the National Farm school said, "It requires courage, moral courage, the highest kind of courage to be honest: fairly, frankly, fully honest. If you are honest, their lives not a man on earth who can humiliate you. If you have honor, though very little else besides, you have more wealth, more glory, more power, than all the hypocrites combined."
1897: Services were poorly attended today at Temple Emanu-El “owing to the fact that it was not generally known that Sunday services were being held” and that this only the second Sunday on which Sabbath services have been held. (The Reform Movement would find that moving Shabbat Services from Saturday to Sunday would not be a boon to attendance any more than the replacing Saturday services with Friday Night Family Services would be.)
1898: In London, Sir Meyer Adam Spielman and Gertrude Emily Spielman gave birth to Winifred Jessie Gertrude Speilmann who became Winifred Jessie Gertrude Raphael when she married Ralph Oliver Raphael.
1898: After having identified the body Emanuel Wachenheim, William Wolf was reported to have said he count imagine “why he killed himself” since he was “in good circumstances,” had a wife and three children and was active in several Jewish organizations including the Sons of Benjamin.
1898: According to a description published today the new Hebrew Infant Asylum “building” which can accommodate 200 children “is a four story structure of colonial design” that includes all the modern conveniences including “a hospital for contagious disease.”
1899: Herzl submits a memorandum for the Czar to explain the Zionist plans and to ask for an audience.
1899(19th of Kislev, 5660): Seventy-three year old A. L. Freidland (Moshe Aryeh Leib Friedland) the husband of Hanna Keila Friedland and the “donor of the Bibliotheca Friedlandiana to the Imperial Academy of Sciences” passed away today in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1899: In Paris, “The Senate sitting as High Court for the trial of conspiracy cases resumed the examination of” Jules Guérin “who insisted the Anti-Semitic League of France” of which he is a leader ‘had not meddled with politics but had merely ‘defended the working classes against the power of the Jews and that he “had never plotted against the Republic.” (Anti-Semitism, including the Dreyfus case, were part of a larger conflict between those who supported the Third Republic and those who sought a rightist takeover.)
1899: Birthdate of Bohemian naïve Hans Goldman, the Prague trained award winning Swiss ophthalmologist
1901: The care of children was scheduled to be the topic at the second day’s meeting of the Second New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections at which time Rabbi Adolph M. Radin will be allowed to express his concern about the treatment of Jewish children at the Juvenile Asylum including the lack of a Rabbi to serve as a children and the practice of taking Jewish children and sending to live with Christian families who will raise the youngsters in that faith.
1904: In New York City, “Charles H. Israels, an architect and Belle Linder who was a political advisor to Governor Al Smith gave birth to Carlos L Israels the graduate of Amherst and Columbia University Law School, “a specialist in securities law” and “the president of the United Hias Service” who was the husband of “the former Ruth Goldstein” with whom he had three children – Charles, Michael and Elizabeth.
1904(13th of Kislev, 5665): A month before his 62ndbirthday, Joseph Bernard Bloomingdale, the Bavarian born Jewish immigrant who, along with his brother Lyman “founded Bloomingdales Department Store” or as it is known to shopping aficionado’s “Bloomies” passed away today.
1905: Albert Einstein's paper, "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", is published in the journal "Annalen der Physik". This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the famous equation e=mc².
1905: “In an interview on the ant-Jewish outrages Prince Urusoff, the new Assistant Minister of the Interior said today that the Jews were to a certain extent to blame on account of their open exultation over their new found liberties.”
1905: Having already sent $600,000 to Sir Samuel Montagu which is to be forwarded as quickly to Russia, Jacob H. Schiff, Treasurer of the National Committee for the Relief of Sufferers by Russian Massacre is scheduled to send $50,000 today to the Anglo-Jewish leader for their Russian co-religionists.
1905: In Chicago, “M.E. Greenbaum, Treasurer of the Jewish Relief Association Committee, sent a check for $20,000 to Jacob H. Schiff of New York” today bring the total sent from this city to $60,000.
1905: It was reported today that Miss Lillian D. Wald of the Nurses Settlement and her co-workers have offered “to go to Russia and nurse the sick and wounded.”
1905: Dr. Maurice Fishberg of the Jewish Daily News “received a letter from Solomon Rabinowitz” the author known as Sholom Aleichem describing conditions in Kiev in which he wrote “I, with my wife and children are cowering under a storm of leaden bullets that are being fired over our heads so that we shall remain powerless, useless, paralyzed.”
1905: In the Russian capitol, “an afternoon paper quotes a man who has just arrived in St. Petersburg as saying that 10,000 Don Cossacks are marching from Tashkent to St. Petersburg with the object of releasing the Emperor, whom they believe to be a captive in the hands of the Jews.”
1905: “Speaking of the Jewish question a member of the Russian Cabinet said today: “For the Cabinet there exists no Jewish question. It is not what should be done, but how to do it. We are absolutely of one mind that all the restrictions on the Jews should be abolished. But for the government to decree equality without action on the part of the Duma would be full of danger” because anti-Semitism is so prevalent in the country.
1907: Birthdate of American artist Aaron Bohrod, the native of Chicago and “son of an emigre Bessarabian-Jewish grocer” who is “best known for his trompe-l'œil still-life paintings.”
1909: In New York City, Pauline Meltsner and Joseph Goldwater gave birth to Dora Goldwater the older sister of Sadie Goldwater.
1909(8th of Kislev, 5670): Mrs. Mariane Leibowitz passed away today.
1912: In Palestine, Nehemiah Myer Cohen and his wife gave birth to Israel Cohen, who left his father’s butcher shop business in Lancaster, PA during the 1930’s to combine forces with Samuel Lehrman to open the first of the grocery stores that became the Giant Food store chain.
1912: The New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections which was attended by delegates Samuel Untermyer, Mortimer L. Schiff, Simon Rosendale of Albany, NY, William M. Rosendale, Rabbi Max Landsberg, Mrs. Albert Hessberg, Samuel Gompers and Lee Frankel of New York City opened in Syracuse, NY was scheduled to come to an end today.
1913: Supreme court Justice Seabury ordered the sale in foreclosure of the Bijou Theatre property in a suit brought by Felix M Warburg, Isaac N Seligman, Paul M. Warburg and Mortimer L. Schiff as trustees under the will of Alfred M. Heinsheimer against the Bijou Real Estate Company. [Seabury was the only non-Jew mentioned in this item.]
1914(3rd of Kislev, 5675): Parashat Toldot
1914(3rd of Kislev, 5675): George Zierger passed away today in New York
1914: “Contributions to the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews suffering the war” as of today “amount to $1,845” with the amount deposited to date in the Guaranty Trust Company of America totaling $23, 556.
1915: Funeral services for Dr. Solomon Schechter were held this morning at the Jewish Theological Seminary. Four hundred mourners, including a “who’s who” of the Jewish community, packed the building while more than a thousand people stood outside waiting to pay homage to the deceased sage and scholar.
1915: In response to a written, publicly published request by Ephraim Cohen, their President, members of Congregation Kehilath Israel are among those attending the funeral service Professor Solomon Schechter that start this morning at 10:30 A.M.
1915: “In an address” today “before the Independent Order Free Sons of Israel at Daniel Webster Hall, Maurice B. Blumenthal expressed the Jewish fraternal organization’s opposition to the Gary Plan because of its “religious features.”
1915: The funeral of New Yorker Isaac Aaron who passed on November 19 is scheduled to be held today
1915: The tombstone of Abraham Weckstein was unveiled this afternoon at Mount Zion Cemetery at Maspeth, L.I.
1916: Birthdate of Sid Luckman, legendary quarterback of the Chicago Bears.
1917: The Allied Forces (including Jewish soldiers) under General Allenby were fighting the Turks on the slopes of Nebi Samwil, the traditional site of the Tomb of the Prophet Samuel.
1917: Dr. Emil G. Hirsch led the Study Class of the Chicago Woman’s aid which met this morning at the Sinai Center in Chicago.
1917: Nora Funkenstein is scheduled provide a piano selection and Dr. Anna White Sage is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “Morals on Social Hygiene in War Time” at today’s regular meeting of the Baron Hirsch Woman’s Club at the Sinai Social Center in Chicago.
1918: After the fall of the Czar there was a strong movement in Ukraineto establish an independent political entity. The Jewish parties voted against the severance with Russia leading to direct attacks on the Jews in the form of Pogroms (lasting 2 years). One of the first attacks was in Lvov where 72 Jews were killed and 443 wounded.
1918: In Dorchester, MA, Solomon and Ray (Brooks) Prokesch gave birth to Dr. Clemens Prokesch, the graduate of Yale, MIT and New York Medical College and husband of Natilie Prokesch who practiced internal medicine after his discharge from the U.S. Air Force.
1918: During the Polish-Ukrainian War, the Lwów or Lemberg Pogrom began.
1918:Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland.
1919: After having commissioned as the first Jewish chaplain in the United States Navy in 1917 with the rank of Lieutenant Junior Grade, Rabbi David Goldberg completed his services at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station today where he had been serving since June of 1918.
1919: In an interview with the Sultan, Hahambashi assures him that Jews will never forget that when they were persecuted in other countries, Turkey welcomed them and that, if they had reason for complaint in recent years, it was directed rather against the regime which had been disastrous for all elements of the population, than against the Turkish people.
1920: The annual meeting of Temple Israel of Harlem is scheduled to be held today following by a banquet at the Hotel Astor.
1921: Dr. Stephen S. Wise is scheduled to deliver a sermon this morning at “What Does the Jew Believe About the Bible” at Carnegie Hall.
1921: Birthdate of Lev Lipschitz, the Moscow native who made Aliyah in 1924 and gained fame as Israeli political leader and MK Aryeh Eliav.
1921: In Los Angeles, Mordechai and Elsie Vickman gave birth to Robert “Bob” Vickman, the WW II veteran of the USAAF who disappeared in July, 1948 while flying a mission for Squadron 101, the first fighting unit of the infant Israeli Air Force
1922: The first official meeting of the Lausanne Conference, which was intended to deal with issues arising out of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire was held today with Lord Curzon serving as its President.
1923: Birthdate Harry Zohn the native of Vienna who became a professor at Brandeis University.
1924: In Baltimore Cantor Max Kotlowitz and his wife Debra gave birth to “Robert Kotlowitz, a novelist and editor who reluctantly became a public television executive in 1971 and went on to help shape a lineup of homegrown and imported shows — including “The MacNeil/Lehrer Report,” “Live at the Met,” “Dance in America” and “Brideshead Revisited” — that represent a high-water mark in American television” (As reported by Paul Vitello)
1924: Today, the Febre Line vessel, SS Canada which is carrying the body of the late Dr. Menachem Mendel Scheinkin set sail for Jaffa which is to be the site for his burial.
1927: Leo and Bella Adler gave birth to CPA Milton Adler, the husband of Marion Adler.
1928: “Children to Aid Palestine Fund” published today described the plans of Hadassah to “enlist the services of 125,000 children in” New York City religious schools “in its campaign to raise $15,000 to provide luncheons for school children in Palestine.”
1929: Birthday of Nahum Admoni the native of Jerusalem who served as Direct of Mossad from 1982 to 1986.
1929: Birthdate of Brooklyn born comedian Stanley Myron Handelman. By the time he died on August 5, 2007 at the age of 77 Handeleman had enjoyed a successful career as a television and nightclub comedian.
1930: Birthdate of Melvin “Mel” Seeman “a 6'5" forward and center, who played for three seasons with NYU after which he played one season the old American Basketball Association.
1931: With Sid Gillman playing End, Ohio State defeated the University of Illinois in the last home game of the season.
1933: A delegation representing all elements of the Jewish community including members of the Vaad Leumi, representatives of Agudath Israel, leaders of the agricultural community and Israel Rokach, the Vice Mayor of Tel Aviv, met with the High Commissioner, Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope. They were protesting British immigration policy including plans to deport Jews already living in Palestine as well as the negative impact of that immigration policy on the economic well-being of all those living in Palestine including the Arab populace.
1933: Henry G. Schackno resigned his seat in the New York State Senate preparatory to filling one of the new Justice of the City Court positions to which he had been elected on November 7.
1935: U.S. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins, NYC Mayor Fiorello La Guardia and 800 others honored Rebekah Kohut's 50 years of communal work at a special dinner. Chaired by the novelist Fannie Hurst, the dinner assembled a wide array of political, cultural, and philanthropic notables who spoke of Kohut's varied contributions and her efforts to apply scientific principles to charitable work. Kohut was a notable activist in the Jewish and secular communities in the areas of education, social welfare and women's organizational life. She came to the United States from Hungary as a child, growing up in Richmond and San Francisco where her father served as a rabbi. In her early twenties, she married the traditionalist New York rabbi Alexander Kohut, a widower with 8 children, 6 under the age of 13. Rebecca devoted herself chiefly to these children and to her husband's scholarly work until his death in 1894. In succeeding years, Kohut immersed herself in the expanding world of Jewish women's organizational life and in the financial support of her family. She was the first president of the New York Section of the National Council of Jewish Women, gave public lectures on Jewish subjects, and opened a private school in cooperation with her stepchildren. During World War I, she became involved in employment work, which led to her role as an advisor on unemployment to New York governor Franklin D. Roosevelt in the early 1930s. Her efforts to bring relief to devastated European Jewish communities after World War I led to her leading role in convening the World Congress of Jewish Women in Vienna in 1923 and being elected as the organization's first president.
1935(25th of Cheshvan, 5696): Fifty-one year old “Bernard S. Deutsch, the President of the Board of Alderman,” an NYU trained attorney and president of the American Jewish Congress” who was the husband of “the former Frances Weinstein” with whom he had “two daughters, Elinor and Dorothy Edith,” died unexpectedly this evening.
1936: It was reported today that Janien Berg, a Polish-Jewish student who had once studied in Rome received money from Mussolini so that he could return to Italy and finish his studies which had been stopped due to anti-Semitic riots in Poland.
1936: “Three Men on a Horse” the movie version of the Broadway play directed and produced by Mervyn LeRoy and featuring Same Levene in a reprise of his role of “Patsy” was released today in the United States.
1936: At Temple Emanu-El Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “What Shall We Do About Our Fears?”
1936: At Temple Rodeph Sholom, Rabbi Louis I. Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon “The Brothers Ashkenazi.”
1936: At the Jewish Science Society, Rabbi Morris Lichtenstein is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “Wake Up and Live.”
1937: Henri Caïn, who the libretto for “Le Juif Polonais” (The Polish Jew) passed away today.
1937: Birthdate of Ingrid Pitt, the daughter of a Polish Jew who survived the Stutthof Concentration Camp to become the first lady of British horror cinema, who starring in sanguinary classics of the 1970s like “The Vampire Lovers,” “Countess Dracula” and “The House That Dripped Blood.” (As reported by Margalit Fox)
1938: The British House of Commons objects to German persecution of minorities.
1938: Birthdate of Sydney, Australia, native David John Alfred Clines, the academic biblical scholar who “served as President of the Society for Old Testament Study and the President Society of Biblical Literature” and who was honored two books published in his honor Reading from Right to Left: Essay on the Hebrew Bible and Interested Readers: Essays on the Hebrew Bible with a contribution by Marc Zvi Brettler, the Brandeis trained Bernice and Morton Lerner Professor in Judaic Studies at Duke University who won the National Jewish Book Award in 2004.
1938(27th of Cheshvan, 5699): Pianist Leopold Godowsky passed away,
1938: In the aftermath of Kristallnacht, Time published an article entitled “German: These Individuals!”
1939(9th of Kislev, 5700): Fifty three year old Aaron Lipper, the president of Brooklyn’s Kay Manufacturing which makes steel products for furniture and bedding and “the chairman of the budget and policy committee of the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan passed away today “in Lakewood, NJ where he had gone to recuperate from pneumonia.”
1940: A cargo of 1,771 stateless Jews mostly from Austria, Slovakia, Bohemia, Hungary and Rumania are loaded aboard the Patria, a French steamer chartered by the British to ship them from Palestine to detainment camps on the British island of Mauritius.
1941: U.S. premiere of “Shadow of the Thin Man,” the fourth in a series of Thin movies in this case based on a story by Harry Kurnitz who also co-authored the screenplay.
1220: Frederick II, who would become the protector of the Jews in Frankfurt in 1236, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor today by Honorius III.
1280: The 3 year reign of Pope Nicholas III whose bull Vineam sorce encouraged conversion through "sermons and other means" came to an end today. (Jewish Virtual Library)
1307: Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. The Templars were a group of Christian Knights who took their name from the fact that their first headquarters was located on Jerusalem’s Temple Mount in an area believed to be on the site of the ruins of Solomon’s Temple.
1348: Riots reached the Germanic lands of Bavaria and Swabia. Eighty towns, including Augsburg, Munich, and Wurzburg were attacked
1547:Asolo, Italy was the scene of one of the few pogroms recorded in Italy. Ten Jews in a town of thirty were killed, and their houses robbed with no apparent motives.
1580: In Poland, the Council of the Four Lands adopted an ordinance that limits the extent of land leasing, known as arenda that is permitted to any individual. The prevention of competition for arenda was one of the council’s major concerns.
1617: Ahmed I, Ottoman Sultan, passed away. During his reign, Ahmed contracted small pox. The treatments prescribed by his physicians proved ineffectual. The widow of Solomon Eskenazi, who had served as a court physician was called in and she saved the Sultan.
1688: Birthdate of Nāder Shāh Afshār, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty who reversed the anti-Jewish policies and practices that had been put in place by the Safawid’s dynasty which had ruled during the previous century
1793: Strasbourg prohibited circumcision and the wearing of beards Further It ordered the burning of all books in Hebrew. Strasbourg is located on the border between Germany and France. As such it has changed hands numerous times.
1795(10th of Kislev, 5556): Vrouwtje Frumet David Lintz-Cohen passed away. Born at Amsterdam in 1737, she was the daughter of David Levie Juda-Moshe Lints-Cohen and Bele Simon Samson Levie-Drukker and the widow of Kalman Isaac Shochet
1797: In London, Levy Salomons and Matilda de Metz gave birth to Sir David Salomons, 1st Baronet, a leading figure in the 19th century struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom who was the first Jewish Sheriff of the City of London and Lord Mayor of London, and one of the first two Jewish people to serve in the British House of Commons.
1800 (5th of Kislev): Forty-eight year old philosopher Solomon ben Joshua Maimon passed away
1805: Birthdate of Mary Anne Keely, the English actress and manager whose portrait was painted by the Anglo-Jewish artist Walter Goodman who also wrote a book about the family entitled The Keeleys, on the stage and at home
1808: In London Hanna Barent Cohen and Nathan Mayer Rothschild who “had just established the London branch of the banking business of the Rothschilds” to Baron Lionel Nathan Rothschild.
1809: Solomon Abraham married Sarah Harris today at the Great Synaogue.
1811(6th of Kislev, 5572): Seventy-three year old Wolf Isak Arnstein, the son of Isak Aron Arnsteiner and Ella Elsa Eleonora Arnsteiner who was the husband of Veronika Fradche Fradel Arnstein and Rifke Arnstein passed away today.
1811: Birthdate of David Woolf Marks, a leading Reform Rabbi in the UK who was the first Rabbi to serve at The West London Synagogue, the country’s first (and oldest) reform congregation.
1813: Today, a codicil was attached to the original will of Benjamin D’Israeli, the grandfather of the Earl Beaconsfield, Great Britain’s first Prime Minister to have been born Jewish.
1819: Joseph Friedländer, a dealer in second-hand clothes renewed his application to be allowed to continue to live and do business in Saxony.
1819: Birthdate of Joseph Seligman, the native of Bavaria, who founded Seligman Brothers and the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.
1819: Birthdate of Mary Anne Evans, who, under the pen name of George Elliot wrote Daniel Deronda is a novel by George Eliot, first published in 1876. It was the last novel she completed and the only one set in the contemporary Victorian society of her day. Its mixture of social satire and moral searching, along with a sympathetic rendering of Jewish proto-Zionist and Kaballistic ideas has made it a controversial final statement of one of the greatest of Victorian novelists.
1826: Birthdate of Italian patriot Enrico Guastalla who fought in the wars that led to the unification of Italy.
1826: Joseph Joseph married Hannah Cohen at the Great Synagogue today.
1830: Birthdate of James Picciotto, the son of Aleppo born Anglo-Jewish businessman and community leader Moses Haim Picciotto, who sat on the Council of Jews and wrote Sketches of Anglo-Jewish History published in 1875.
1833: Two day after she had passed away, 59 year old “Elizabeth (Lazarus) Jacobs, the wife of Elias Jacobs with whom she had had four children, was buried today at the Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.
1838: Children of Löbl Strakosch and Julia Schwarz gave birth to Ludwig, the 15th of their 16 children.
1843: Joseph Belasco married Rachel Tolano at the Bevis Marks Synagogue today.
1843: Samuel Phillips married Rachel Davis today at the Great Synagogue.
1845: In the UK, Charlotte von Rothschild and Lionel de Rothschild gave birth to their third son Leopold de Rothschild who was also the youngest of their five children.
1847: Two days after she had passed away, 68 year old Sarah (Levin) Russell, the wife of Moses Russell, with whom she had had nine children was buried today at the Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.
1848: Jonas Phillips Levy married Frances (Fanny) Mitchell today. Born in 1807, he was the younger brother of Commodore Uriah Phillips Levy and the son of Michael Levy and Rachel Phillips. This native of Philadelphia, commanded the U.S.S. America during the Mexican-American War. He continued his career as a merchant and sea captain until his death in New York in 1883.
1852: The New York Times reported the Baron James Rothschild has just named as a recipient of the Order of the Iron Crown, Second Class. It is ironic that the award which conferred the status of nobility should have been awared at a time when the Jews of Austria are worried about a possible loss of rights.
1852: An article published today entitled “The Austrian Jews” reported that Jews of Austria are worried that they will lose all of the gains they have made since the revolution and will be forced to return to the repressive status under which they lived prior to 1848. The author contends that the Jews will continue to enjoy most of their newly won rights including that of acquiring real estate and living where they please. They will once again be banned from holding any state position that “brings them in contact with the public in a judicial capacity.
1854: Two hundred people gathered at the Chinese Assembly Rooms tonight to celebrate the 33rd anniversary of the Hebrew Benevolent Society in New York City.
1857(5th of Kislev, 5618): Forty-three year old Austrian published Wolf Pascheles passed away today.
1858: Denver, Colorado is founded. Jews have been active in Denver from its very beginning. Fred Z. Salomon and his brother Hyman led the first large pack train into the settlement that would become Denver. The two were "fifty-niners" who were later joined in Colorado by their brother Adolph. A native of Strelno, Posen, Prussia, Fred worked at various trading centers in New Mexico Territory before leading a supply train from Independence, MO to Auraria, the village across the river from the soon to be created Denver. Fred devoted his life to business and cultural ventures in the Mile High City. He started a brewery which the Rocky Mountain News “noted speedily decreased the local consumption of strychnine whiskey and Taos Lightning.” In 1860, Fred and Hyman started what would become the Denver Water Company. Fred “helped organize the Auriaria and Denver Chess Club and literary Society, later the Colorado Pioneer Society the Denver Public Library and the Denver B’Nai Brith Lodge.” In a time when rail travel was critical to commercial success, the elder Salomon helped lead the fight to bring the Denver Pacific and Kansas Pacific railroads to Denver. Fred also found time to serve as territorial treasurer. Such total identification with his adopted hometown stands in stark contrast with the decision of member of the Denver Club - the name of the “chess and literary society head helped found” to bar Jews starting in 1881. Other Jews connected with Denver in its early days were Otto Mears who arrived in Colorado in 1852, and Sam Flax, who after several false starts, meet success in the restaurant and hotel business. [For more information about Denver Jewry see the website of the Rocky Mountain Jewish Historical Society and Pioneer Jews by Harriet and Fred Rochlin.]
1858: The New York Times published a copy of a letter that appeared in this week’s Jewish Messenger addressed to the President of the Hebrew Congregation in the United States and others from Sir Moses Montefiore, the President of the London Committee of Deputies for the Jews. The letter called for the American Jewish community to join its co-religionists in England, Holland France in seeking the support of their government in having the Mortara child returned to his parents and to avoid any such future seizures. It summarized the threat that the seizure Edgardo Mortara posed to Jews and “every other denomination of faith” except the Roman Catholics. Montefiore reiterated that this was not just a matter of religious freedom. The behavior of the Catholic Church placed “in peril, personal liberty, social relations and the peace of families.”
1858: It was reported today from New York that “our Jewish fellow-citizens will shortly hold a mass meeting in one of our large public halls, to denounce the unjustifiable abduction of Mortara’s child by the Roman inquisition. The Israelitish communities of France, Holland and England have already considered the subject, and a meeting of the Jews of Philadelphia has recently been held to take action in the same matter.
1860(8th of Kislev, 5621): Sixty-seven year old historian Isaak Marcus Jost passed away today.
1864: Philadelphian Isaac M. Abraham, who had been wounded “near Deep Bottom, VA, and who had risen to the rank of Major in the 85thRegiment completed his three year enlistment today.
1866: Ernest Abraham an English medical journalist who was the son of a London dentist was appointed as a poorlaw inspector today which provided him with the opportunity to the reform of the treatment of sick poor throughout England” and work for the successful adoption of the Infant Life Protection Act of 1872.
1870: In Reading, PA, “Raphael Austrian and Fannie Elizabeth Dreifoos” gave birth to “self-taught painter” who “began to paint at the age of nine” and whose works include “Temptations, “After the Race” and “The Intruder.”
1870: The Ladies Bikur Cholim Society held their 9th annual ball tonight at the Apollo Hall. Due to inclement weather, the event was not well attended.
1875: Vice President Henry Wilson passed away today making Thomas W. Ferry, the President pro tempore of the Senate, next in line if the President of the United States should pass. Perry, along with President Grant, would attend the services consecrating Adas Israel in Washington, DC in 1876. This meant that the two top leaders of the United States government attended the consecration of a Jewish house of worship for the first time in the nation’s history.
1877: Seligman Hirsch, a New York fur dealer was found guilty of receiving stolen goods. He was defended by Albert Jacob Cardozo. Under the law, Hirsch could have been sentenced to five years in prison but in response to the jury’s recommendation for mercy, the judge sentenced the Jewish
1878: It was reported today that New York has 375 houses of worship, 25 of which are synagogues of Jewish Temples.
1878: In Frankfort, multi-millionaire Adolphe Benedict Hayum Goldschmidt, who permanently moved to London in 1895 and Alice Emma Moses Merton daughter of Joseph Benjamin Moses aka Moses Merton gave birth to Franck Adolphe Benedict Goldschmidt who gained famed Francis Benedict Hyam Goldsmith, a British MP and “luxury hotel tycoon.”
1879: David McAdam is scheduled to deliver a lecture tonight at the Young Men’s Hebrew Union in Clarendon Hall followed by musical and literary entertainment.
1879: The Young Ladies Charitable Union, an organization made up of 72 Jewish woman chaired by Julia Richman, are scheduled to host a fund raiser at the Opera House on Lexington Avenue in Manhattan. The entertainment will include nine tableaux representing the nine muses and a children’s pantomime followed by an evening of dancing. The money raised will go to supply New York’s poor with shoes. Last winter the Union provided over 900 pairs of shoes for the needy.
1880: It was reported today that there are 3 and a half million people living in Holland, 100,000 of whom are Jews. A million are Catholics and the rest are Protestants.
1882: It was reported today that Herr Meyer killed Captain Emerich in a duel fought at Wurzburg. Meyer had challenged the gentile over a matter of honor.
1884: Sir Moses Montefiore has had another attack of the bronchial affection just after the celebration of his one hundredth birthday, and is now confined to his bed at his home near Ramsgate.
1885: The San Francisco Call reported today that the late Senator William Sharon had bequeathed $5,000 to the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of San Francisco.
1885: It was reported today that the annual Charity Ball sponsored by the Purim Association will be held in February of 1886.
1885: It was reported today that Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler will officiate at Temple Beth-El’s Thanksgiving Services in New York City.
1886(24th of Cheshvan, 5647): Samuel Isaac, the brother of Saul Isaac, the first Jew to be elected to the House of Commons as a member of the Conservative Party whose varied business activities included establishing “a large business as an army contractor” and the construction of the Mersey Railway Tunnel, passed away today.
1886: Birthdate of Los Angeles native Mendel B. Silberberg, the powerful entertainment industry attorney and fund raiser who “was a pallbearer at Louis B. Mayer’s funeral and a delegate to the Republican Presidential Conventions” from 1948 through 1960.
1886: Based on information that first appeared in the London Times, it was reported today that Levy Isaacs, an old German Jewish peddler who dealt in sponges and jewelry died as a result of house fire at his home on Ashburner Street, Bolton.
1886: Following the recent Massachusetts State Supreme Court decision requiring the enforcement of the state’s Sunday closing laws, it was reported that the police have been making a list of the peddlers who were buying supplies at the Jewish businesses on Salem Street yesterday, Sunday. Up until now, the police have not enforced the law where Jewish businessmen are concerned because the Jews closed their businesses on Saturday in observance of their Sabbath.
1888: Rabbi Alexander Kohut will officiate at the funeral services for Simon Lederer who will be interred in Cypress Hills.
1889: In Denver, Rabbi Joseph Zeisler and Irma Zeisler gave birth to Paul Zeisler.
1889(28th of Cheshvan, 5650): Seventy-two year old Levi Ali Cohen the Dutch physician and author who was also “a member of the committee on Jewish affairs in Holland” for twenty years.
1890:Mrs. Philip J. Joachimsen, presented “a report of the past year’s work done by” the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of which she is the President. During the past year, home run by the society has admitted 153 children, discharged 179 children and is currently caring for 566 children.
1890: Birthdate of Baltimore native Edwin Posner “who began a 61-year Wall Street career as a $5-a-week runner and rose to the chairmanship of the American Stock Exchange.”
1891: Birthdate of German born historian Victor Ehrenberg whose illustrious family includes his sons Sir Geoffrey Elton, the British historian and physicist Lewis Elton.
1892: It was reported today that until the Hungarian parliament passes the bills for the state recognition of the Jewish religion “special regulations to enforce the registration of children of mixed marriages would be made.”
1893: Birthdate of Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich one of the original Bolshevik’s who survived all of the purges and would actually live longer than the Soviet Union existed.
1894: In Richmond, today, for the second Thanksgiving in a row, Christians and Jews prayed together at Beth Ahabah as Dr. Moses D. Hoge of the Second Presbyterian Church shared the pulpit with Rabbi Calisch and Rabbi Koplowitz “of Keneseth Israel Congregation offered a prayer.”
1894: Dr. Kerr of the First Presbyterian Church delivered the sermon and assisted in the conduct of religious services at Beth Ahabah Synagogue, in what was the first time that Jews and Christians worshipped together in the Virginia City.
1895: Samuel Greenbaum, a prominent New York lawyer was reported to have expressed the view that the Jews of New York would “take no notice” of the Dr. Hermann Ahlward the German anti-Semite who is scheduled to deliver a series of lectures in the United States. Echoing the sentiment of most other Jews, Greenbaum said “the Jewish people do not have anything to fear from…this disciple of German anti-Semitism” because “the American people are not like to be influenced by the wild and unfounded accusations which in the stock in trade of anti-Semites.”
1896: Michaelis Machol, the Rabbi of the Sparrow Avenue Temple, plans on delivering a talk today expressing his opposition to the Thanksgiving message issued by President Cleveland that invokes the image of Jesus “as a mediator between man and God.” This would not be his last entrance into the Separation of Church and State fray. In 1901, Machol joined other rabbis and lay leaders in “protesting the decision of the board of the Cleveland Public Schools to begin each school day with the Lord's Prayer, the Ten Commandments, and the 23rd Psalm.”
1896: “President Cleveland Criticized” published today provided expression of rabbinic displeasure over Grover Cleveland’s Christologically laced Thanksgiving proclamation including Cincinnati Rabbi David Phillipson’s state that the Jews “feel excluded from the invitation to observe the day.” (Full disclosure – some of his indignation might have been politically motivated since Phillipson was a Republican and Cleveland was a Democrat.)
1896: The Hebrew Institute will be the site of the Harmony Musical Society’s concert this evening.
1896:”Dr. Emil G. Hirsch, the rabbi at Temple Sinai, “predicts the downfall of the Jewish Sabbath. He declares that the seventh day tradition of the race is doomed, wiped from the Hebraic calendar swallowed up in the necessity of adapting the religion to the customs of the countries in it may be transplanted. (Just as the Jew has kept the Sabbath, so has the Sabbath kept the Jew – from the Saturday morning service.)
1897: In a speech delivered today, Reverend Samuel Frender, a convert to Christianity told a meeting of Methodist clergyman that “the average Jew believed that Christians had a prejudice against them.”
1897: Charles Schapiro…the young Russian Jew who shot and killed Louis Lieberman at a wedding at 123 Henry Street” and tried to kill his sweetheart Yetta Gordon was arraigned in the Essex Market Court” today.
1897: In London, the House Committee of the Jews’ Hospital and Orphan Asylum is scheduled to meet this afternoon.
1897: Four days after she had passed away, 41 year old Sarah Franks, the wife of Abraham Franks was buried today at the Plashet Jewish Cemetery.
1897: In London, the Board of Management of the Home and Hospital for Jewish Incurables is scheduled to meet this evening
1897: In a move that might surprise some advocates of the separation of church and state, a summary of Rabbi Gustave Gottheil published included his expression of displeasure over Tammany Hall’s victory “in the recent election” saying that “he had wished the election had gone the other way.”
1899: In Paris, the Senate sitting as a High Court for the trial of the conspiracy, which has already heard testimony from the President of the League of Anti-Semitic that the demonstrations he arranged were anti-Dreyfus protests and not a plot to overthrow the Republic, resumed its deliberations today. The Senate was investigating charges of treason that included many leaders of the anti-Semitic movement in France who were also anti-democratic rightists.
1902: Birthdate of Emanuel Feuermann. Born in Galicia, this world class cellist found fame playing with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He died unexpectedly in 1942 as the result of an infection contracted during a minor surgical procedure.
1903: “The Sons and Daughters of Zion of Sioux City, IA held a grand ball and mass meeting” today “in honor of the grand master of the Order of the Knights of Zion, Mr. Leon Zolotkoff of Chicago who spoke for two hours.”
1903: Sigismund Kalischer and Helen Teresa Kalischer gave birth to Iowa State University trained refrigeration engineer and Westinghouse employee Milton Kalischer whose place of birth has been given as either Denver, CO or Huntington, Massachusetts.
1905: In Russia, it was a reported today that a cabinet minister explained the attacks on the Jews by saying that “the prejudice against the Jews among the ignorant lower classes of Russia is not imaginary. It is deplorable but true that the people under the old regime were saturated with the idea that the Jews were their oppressors. If the Jews were to receive equal rights with Russians, the latter would accept it as confirmation of the suspicions they already harbor on account of recent developments that the Emperor has been betrayed and nothing the Central Government could do would prevent the most frightful massacres.”
1905: Three days after he had passed away, 67 year old Levi Cohen, the husband of the former “Bloom Woolf” with whom he had had four children was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.
1905: It was reported today that Prince Ursoff, the new Assistant Minister of the Interior said “that the Jews were to a certain extent to blame” for the anti-Semitic violence “on account of their too open exultation over their new-found liberties.”
1905: Dr. J.L. Magnes, the President of the Jewish Defense Association and Treasurer Joseph Barondess have issued another appeal for funds which agents of the Bund and the Zionists will use to purchase arms and ammunition to be used by the Jews of Russia to defend themselves from the attacks of mobs from which the government has failed to protect them.
1905: Edward A. Lauterbach presided over a mass meeting tonight at Temple Israel sponsored by “a committee of university men” seeking to provide aid for the Russian Jews.
1905: Max Stern who lives at 286 Hunterdon Street in Newark, NJ, received a letter today from Benjamin Rappaport of Nicolaiev, Russia describing the recent riots that took place in that city where the “mob broke open the doors of the stores, smashed the windows and scattered the good” while taking “babies and children” and throwing “them as high in the air as they could and letting them come down on the paving stones to be crushed to death.”
1905: Hundreds of Russian Jewish families are reported leaving or preparing to leave for Palestine.
1908: In Bessarabia, “pharmacist David Ackerman and Bertha (Greenberg) Ackerman Columbia trained psychiatrist Nathan Ward Ackerman, who served as the “chief psychiatrist at the Menninger Clinic” as well as serving in the capacity for “the Jewish Board of Guardians in New York City”
1909: Birthdate of Mikhail Leontyevich Mil a founder of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, which is responsible for many of the well-known Russian helicopter models, notably the Mil Mi-24 'Hind'. He passed away in 1970.
1909(9th of Kislev, 5670): Six year old Itzig Rabinowitz passed away today.
1909: Speaking in Yiddish, twenty-three-year-old Clara Lemlich addressed a crowd of thousands of restless laborers at New York City's Cooper Union. “I am one of those who suffer from the abuses described here, and I move that we go on a general strike.” The audience of workers had been listening for hours as numerous labor leaders decried current working conditions in New York's garment industry but who nonetheless advocated caution when considering a strike. Lemlich's words and passion stirred the crowd. The chairman of the event came to her side and called out “Will you take the old Hebrew oath?” Although not an exclusively Jewish gathering, most in the crowd raised their right arms and pledged with him in Yiddish: “if I turn traitor to the cause I now pledge, may my hand wither from the arm I now raise.” And so began the “Uprising of the 20,000,” a critical turning point in American labor activism. In the months that followed, thousands of garment workers, mainly young Jewish and Italian women walked picket lines and confronted police brutality. The Jewish women, including Lemlich, Rose Schneiderman, and Pauline Newman, who worked tirelessly to organize and sustain the strike effort, insisted that their concerns extended beyond wages and hours. They fought for dignity in working conditions and for women's right to union recognition. While the strike was only partially successful, it set off a wave of general strikes from 1909-1915 in cities across the United States. As a result, U.S. labor leaders who had long dismissed the needs of women workers and ignored the work of female activists had to accept the centrality of women's needs within the American labor movement.
1910: Birthdate of Ervin György Patai, who as Raphael Patai would gain fame as an ethnographer and anthropologist.
1912(12th of Kislev, 5673): Civil War veteran Alfred Pels passed away today in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1912(12th of Kislev, 5673): Eighty-nine year old merchant Zachary Bruenn passed away today in New Orleans, LA.
1912(12th of Kislev, 5673): Civil War veteran Morris Pfaelzer passed away today in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1913(22nd of Cheshvan, 5674): Parashat Chayei Sara
1913(22nd of Cheshvan, 5674: Eighteen year old Moshe Barsky, “a member of Degania Alef, the kibbutz founded in 1909” who had ridden off on a mule to get medication for Shmuel Dayan, the father of Moshe Dayan was killed today by “persons unknown” who left his body “lying with a stick and a pair of shoes on his head.”
1913: “Our Financial Oligarchy” by Louis Brandies which would become the first chapter in Other People's Money And How the Bankers Use It was published today in Harper’s Weekly.
1914: A review of Zionism by Professor Richard H. Gottheil was published today.
1914: :Stamp Tax for Jewish Relief” published today described positive response to “the one self-taxation stamp issued by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews” that has included the formation by the Young Men’s Hebrew Associations of “Enlistment Clubs” where each members has pledged to contribute 10 cents a week.
1914: According to an announcement made tonight by the American Jewish Committee “the Turkish Government has assured the State Department…that is will not expel Russian Jews residing in the Ottoman Empire. (The important impact of this was on the Jews of Palestine, a large number of whom had come from Russia starting in the 1880’s and were viewed as potential enemies by the Turks who were fighting the Czar)
1914: For the second time in two weeks, Al McCoy the New Jersey born Jewish Middleweight World Champion successfully defended his crown.
1914: As the First Battle of Ypres sputtered to a close on the Western Front, Jews in the BEF and the Kaiser’s Army settled in for what would be the first of several long winters on the Western Front that would not end until November, 1918,
1914: “At a conference of the lodges affiliated with the Workmen’s Circle and other Rumanian organizations representing 5,000 members” held today, “it was decided to protest against the loan that a delegation from Rumania will be requesting from the United States.
1915: A memorial service will be held this morning and this evening in honor of Dr. Solomon Schechter.
1915: Maurice Blumenthal, the general counsel of the Independent Order Free Sons of Israel was reported to have said that his organization would lead a nationwide non-sectarian campaign against the Gary Plan saying that “the separation of religion from American institutions is regarded as one of the safeguards of American progress” and that “the church and the home must remain the place for religious instruction and activity” while “the public schoolroom must be the last place in which discussions on religious distinctions shall be made possible or tolerated.
1915: In Germany Dr. Israel Abraham Rabin and Dr. Ester Else Rabin gave birth to Professor Chaim Menachem Rabin
1915: “Jews Oppose Gary Plan” published today described the Sons of Israel’s plans for a national campaign to bring an end to the education program fostered by William Wirt.
1915: “The seventh annual meeting of the Sisterhood of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue was held” this evening “in the basement of the Synagogue of Shearith Israel at 2 West Seventieth Street.
1915: “A movement to raise millions of dollars for the relief of Jewish war sufferers in Europe was inaugurated” tonight “at a meeting of Jewish business and professional men in the Hotel McAlpin attended by among others, Jacob H. Schiff, Congressman Meyer London, Herman Bernstein and Colonel Harry Cutler of Provident presided over by Dr. J.L. Manges.
1916: In New York plans were reported for memorial services to be held this Saturday in numerous synagogues on the east side to mark the passing of Emperor Franz Josef.
1917(7th of Kislev, 5678): Seventy-seven year old chief rabbi and Chevalier of the Legion of Honor Joseph Lehmann passed away today in Paris.
1917: As Allenby’s forces, including the 38th and 39thBattalions known as the Jewish battalions, made their way towards Jerusalem, Turkish forces made three fruitless counter-attacks in an attempt to dislodge the British from Nebi Samwil.
1917: Woodrow Wilson became the first president to publicly endorse a national Jewish philanthropic campaign when he sent a letter to Jacob Schiff, today calling for wide support of the United Jewish Relief Campaign, which was raising funds for European War relief.
1917: Birthdate of St. Louis native and Bronze Star WW II Army Veteran, Melvin Kranzberg, the Harvard trained founder of the “Society for the History of Technology” who was a history professor at Case Western Reserve and Georgia Tech.
1917: Felix M. Warburg, President of the Federation of Jewish Charities, issued an appeal today for the eighty-four societies for which the federation had raised $2,300,000 during the past year to carry on with their work despite the increasing challenges being faced by the Jewish community.
1918: In Prague, “the Jewish National council for the Czecho-Slovak State” sent a “telegram to the International Zionist Organization” thanking “the British Government for its declaration on Palestine.”
1918: As Poles and Ukrainians clash in the anarchy that followed the breakup of the Russian Empire Polish forces began a two day attack on the Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov).
1920: “The Parents’ Association of the Free Synagogue of the Bronx” is scheduled to “give a theater party for its members and friends” today.
1921: Birthdate of comedian and comedic actor Rodney Dangerfield. Dangerfield passed away in 2004. His ill-fitting black suits and shirts with the too-tight collar were as much a part of his comedic signature as was the lament, “I don’t get no respect.”
1922: Grigori Sokolnikov began serving as People’s Commissar for Finance of the RSFSR.
1923: In Edmonton, Alberta, Rose (Garfin) and Harry Hiller gave birth to movie director Arthur Hiller whose best known movie was the saccharine film of the 70’s – Love Story for which he can be forgiven because he also direct Paddy Chayefsky’s “The Americanization of Emily.”
1923: Birthdate of Hanna Meierzak, the German child actress who made Aliyah in 1933 where she gained fame as actress Hanna Maron.
1923: At the Commonwealth Sporting Club, Charlie Phil Rosenberg, born Charles Green on the Lower East Side won a twelve round decision on points as he advanced toward becoming the World Bantamweight Champion.
1926: Featherweight Harry Blitman fought and won his seventh straight bout.
1926: “Pals in Paradise” a silent film starring Rudolph Schildkraut “as Abraham Lezinsky” was released in the United States today.
1927: George Gershwin's "Funny Face," premieres in New York City.
1927: “The Racket” a three-act drama co-starring Edward G. Robinson playing the first of the gangster roles which would he would make famous in numerous films, opened on Broadway the Ambassador Theatre.
1928: “A dispatch to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency from Bucharest” today “said that the Zionist groups of Transylvania and Bukovina had made a political alliance with the National Peasant Party assuring six parliamentary seats to the Zionists.”
1930: The Northwestern Wildcats with Hy Crizevksy playing guard lost their last game of the season when they were defeated by Notre Dame.
1930: Michigan State University, led by running back Abe Eliowitz, finished the season with a tie against Detroit Mercy which meant their record for the year was 5-1-2.
1931: In article entitled “Palestine Goes to the Theatre”, Jean Jaffe reports approvingly on the wide scope of theatrical productions offered by the Jewish community including productions of Shaw’s “Devil’s Desciple” which was produced under the Hebrew names “Bechor Hasatan”, Upton Sinclair’s “The Pot Boiler” and Zweig’s “Jeremiah.”
1933: In Paris, Elisabeth Pelletier de Chambure, a French Catholic aristocrat and Phillipe de Rothschild, who were not married to each other yet gave birth to Baroness Philippine Mathilde Camille de Rothschild.
1933: Incorporation of the Anti-Nazi League
1934: "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" was first heard on Eddie Cantor's radio program. And you thought that “White Christmas” was the only Christmas song with a Jewish connection.
1934: In an effort to curb “excessive rentals,” Tel Aviv’s Municipal Council vote to impose “regulations for the fixing of a maximum rate of rent for all business and residential property.”
1935: “Crime and Punishment,” a film based on the novel of the same name directed by Josef von Sternberg, produced by B.P. Schulberg and starring Peter Lorre was released in the United States.
1935: Following his unexpected demise yesterday, today “Aldermanic President Bernard S. Deutsch was praised by civic leaders and officials as a public servant who had made himself a martyr to duty, a conscientious citizen and as a leader of the Jewish effort in New York.”
1936: Emir Abduallah fails in his attempt to convince Palestinian Arabs to give testimony before the Peel Commission.
1936: Birthdate of Fred Wilpon the Bensonhurst native who made his fortune in real estate before he purchased the New York Mets.
1936: Birthdate of Dr. Albert Bernard Ackerman. A native of Elizabeth, NJ who graduated from Princeton and Columbia Medical School, Ackerman was a founding figure in the field of dermatopathology who trained a generation of doctors to recognize skin diseases under the microscope
1937: The Palestine Post reported that in Beirut four persons lost their lives and more than 60 were wounded in demonstrations protesting the closing down by French authorities of several Lebanese political organizations. Over 300 arrests were made. Palestine was not the only scene of unrest in the Middle East prior to World War II.
1937: Mathematician Fritz Noether was arrested on charges of being a German spy who not only spied on the Russian armament industry but committed acts of sabotage against it
1937: The Palestine Post reported that in Vienna the local Jewish community conducted a winter relief appeal for funds to feed some 1,800 needy residents daily.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that 2,000 delegates attended the Palestine Conference in Warsaw. They were addressed by Yitzhak Ben-Zvi. Ben-Zvi would gain fame as the second President of Israel.
1938: Beersheba, after having been in the hands of Arab rebels since it was abandoned by the government civil authorities six weeks ago, was occupied by British troops today. All towns in Palestine that the Arab rebels had seized are now controlled by the British military although Arab terrorists are still active.
1939: While on the witness stand in General Sessions Court today, Fritz Kuhn, the German-American Bund leader admitted “he had lied to Mrs. Florence Camp…and had lied again to the jury hearing evidence of larceny charges against him
1939: The Balfour Players are scheduled to perform “Trial,” “a play concerning the Jews, Arabs and English in Palestine by Miss Shoshanah Bat Dori at the Heckschler Theatre on Fifth Avenue.
1939(10th of Kislev, 5700): Moissaye Joseph Olgin, a Russian-born writer, journalist, and translator in the early 20th century passed away. He found the Morgen Freiheit, a New York City Yiddish Newspaper affiliated with the Communist Party, among whose stated aims was the promotion of the Jewish labor movement and the defeat of racism in the United States.
1939(10th of Kislev, 5700): Seventy-five year old Louis Pokroisky, a native of Lithuania the president of the Congregation Adath Jeshurun in Roxbury and managing director of the Hebrew Free Loan Society of Boston who had been married to Deborah H. Brody for 54 years passed away today in Boston
1939: Supreme Court Justice Julius Miller said today that “payment to the German government of $3,700 from the $60,000 estate of Mrs. Lucy A. Peck will be authorized if proof is submitted that such a payment will result in the release of Mrs. Peck’s brother,” 71 year old Rudolf A. Strauss, a Jew currently being held in a German prison.
1939: In Newark, NJ, Alice (née Lavroff) and Philip Goorwitz gave birth to Allen Goorwitz who gained fame as actor Allen Garfield
1939: “Harry A. Jung, honorary general manager of the American Vigilant Intelligence Federation…made public today letters to Representative Martin Dies,” chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee denying “that he or the federation had any connection with Nazi organizations.”
1939(10th of Kislev, 5700): In Warsaw, Poland a Jew killed an officer. As punishment for the crime, all 53 male inhabitants of his building were summarily shot.
1940: “Little Nellie Kelly” a musical comedy directed by Norman Taurog and produced by Arthur Freed was released in the United States by MGM.
1940: Prime Minister Winston Churchill writes to Lord Lloyd, the Secretary of State for the Colonies who is an opponent of Jewish immigration to Eretz Israel, cautioning him to make that Jewish internees on island of Mauritius be treated humanely.
1942: During WW II, “a Soviet counteroffensive” trapped “about a quarter of a million German soldiers” within Stalingrad marking the slow beginning of the turning point that will lead to the ultimate defeat of the Nazis and the saving of the remnant of European Jewry.
1941(2nd of Kislev, 5702): Kurt Koffka passed away. Koffka was born and educated in Germany. The famed psychologist moved to America in 1928. With Wolfgang Köhler and Max Wertheimer, he co-founded the Gestalt school of psychology. Koffka became in time the most influential spokesman of Gestalt psychology. He applied it to child development, learning, memory and emotion. The name Gestalt, meaning form or configuration, emphasizes that the whole is more than the sum of its parts. Gestalt psychology grew as reaction against the traditional atomistic approach to the human being where behavior was analyzed into constituent elements called sensations. He made an influential distinction between the behavioral and the geographical environments - the perceived world of common sense and the world studied by scientists.
1942 (13th of Kislev, 5703): “Dr. Benzion Mossinsohn, noted Hebrew educator, Zionist leader and a member of the Jewish National Council died…today in the Hadassah Hospital at the age of 64, after a long illness. He was the found and head of the Herzlia Gymnasium in Tel Aviv, the leading secondary school in Palestine.” Dr. Mossinsohn visited New York for the first time in 1912 as a representative of the Gymnasium of Jaffa “the first strictly Jewish school to be established in Palestine in 2,000 years.” During the visit, Mossinsohn addressed a gathering at Cooper Union during when he declared “Palestine is the land in which to solve the Jewish problem. It will be the land of our salvation if we make it a center of culture and not merely a center for immigration.” Mossinsohn visited the United States again in 1936, the same year in which his son was killed by a land mine explosion that took place during the multi-year long Arab uprising. By now he was President of the World Confederaton of General Zionists and head of the Herzlia Gymnasium in Tel Aviv.
1943: Lebanon gains its independence from France
1943: Birthdate of former MK Naomi Blumenthal who “was one of the founders of the Beersheba theatre” and who served as Deputy Minister of National Infrastructure under Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
1943: More than 1000 Jewish patients at a Berlin mental hospital are deported to Auschwitz.
1943(24th of Cheshvan, 5704): Professor Martin Pappenheim, the Viennese psychiatrists passed away today in Tel Aviv at the age of 62. He was the father of Else Pappenheim, MD Austrian-American psychiatrist and neurologist and a colleague of Sigmund Freud.
1943(24th of Cheshvan, 5704): Lyricist Lorenz Hart passed away New York at age 48.
1944: The U.S. Sixth Army Group notified the Alsos Mission that the capture of Strasbourg which was home to a German nuclear laboratory was imminent.
1944(6th of Kislev, 5705): Fifty-eight year old “Dr. Benjamin H. Mann, an ophthalmologist at Methodist Hospital” passed away today at Graduate Hospital “after being ill for six weeks.”
1944: Birthdate of Yitzchak Mordechai, a native of Iraq who made Aliyah in 1949. He became a decorated member of the IDF before beginning a political career that included service as Minister of Defense and Minister of Transport.
1944: Protectors of Jews in Budapest, Hungary, meet with Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg at the city's Swedish legation
1945: In Brooklyn, Morty and Sylvia Okun Bernstein gave birth to Allen J. Bernstein who greatly expanded the high-end Morton’s of Chicago steakhouse chain during his 17 years as chairman, applying what some in the industry called a Big Mac approach to filet mignon. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)
1945: “The Day Before Spring,” a Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe musical opened on Broadway at the National Theatre.
1945: The British claim that members of “Jewish underground” took arms from the RAF stationed in Ras el Ain, Syria.
1946: Five days after its premiere in New York City “The Chase” a film noir written by Philip Yordan was released in the rest of the United States today.
1946: Birthdate of Denver born political cartoonist Ed Stein.
1947: “A responsible information asserted tonight” that Soviet “officials have been in direct contact with the Stern group” and that he considered it “an obvious Communist” attempt to influence the group.
1947 Michigan, led by Fullback and Linebacker Dan Dworsky concluded the regular season with a 21-0 win at home against rival Ohio State.
1948: Operation Lot (also known as operation Dabambam in memory of Gershon Dabbenbaum) did not begin today because reinforcements had not arrived which meant the attack would not take place until the following day.
1949: The Petersberg Agreement is an international treaty that extended the rights of the Federal Government of Germany vis-a-vis the occupying forces of Britain, France, and the United States, and which was viewed as the first major step of Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) towards sovereignty was signed by Chancellor Konrad Adenauer of the CDU/CSU and the Allied High Commissioners Brian Hubert Robertson (Britain), André François-Poncet (France), and John J. McCloy (United States of America) today in a step meant to return Germany to the family of nations following WW II.
1949: Birthdate of David J. Skorton, who had served as President of the University of Iowa before becoming the 12th president of Cornell University in 2006.
1954: “Aunt Clara” a British comedy with music by Benjamin Frankel was released in the United Kingdom today.
1955(7th of Kislev, 5716): Sixty year old Shemp Howard, a member of the Three Stooges, died of a heart attack following an evening out with friends watching boxing matches.
1955(7th of Kislev, 5716): Eighty-three year old Isadore “Izzy” Cohen, who along with Samuel Lehrman created the Giant Food grocery chain which a major Washington, DC chain that was the first story of its type to carry challah and where the men in the fish market knew what you need to make gefitle fish, passed away today.
1955(7th of Kislev, 5716): Eighty-six year old Wilmington, Illinois native “Dr. Isaac A. Abt, an international authority on children’s diseases” and a pioneer in the field of pediatrics passed away today in Chicago.
1955: Today, two year after the death of Joseph Stalin, a “Military collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union withdrew the indictments against the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (JAC) members due to the lack of evidence.”
1956: "A new Egyptian Nationality Code barred so called 'Zionists' from Egyptian nationality.
912: Birthdate of Otto the Great, founder of the Holy Roman Empire which was neither holy nor Roman. During his reign Rabbis living in the Rhineland addressed questions to the Rabbis in Palestine “concerning the reported appearance of the Messiah.” This report was based on information supplied by 12 century Rabbi Isaac ben Dorolo.
1221: Birthdate of King Alfonso X of Castile who had Yehudah ben Moshe translate several texts on magic into the national vernacular. 1248: In the long war to unite Spain, King Ferdinand III of Castile takes Seville from the Moors. Ferdinand is remembered as the king who refuses Pope’s demand that Jews be forced to wear special badge and clothing. The reason given by the monarch is a fear that Jews would flee to Muslim Granada, which would be disastrous for the revenues of the kingdom. “The Jews have played a prominent part in Seville’s history since the 4th Century and after the Christian Reconquest, their community was concentrated in this part of the city and enjoyed a period of great prosperity until the end of the 14th Century. Jews were prominent bankers, tradesmen, doctors, writers, philosophers, and advisors to both Arab and Christian rulers. It is no coincidence that the Jewish quarter of Santa Cruz is located right next to the Royal Palace, the Alcázar. A street called “El Callejón de La Judería” (“The Little Street of the Jewish Quarter”) leads into the heart of the Santa Cruz neighborhood.”
1510: The Jews were expelled from Naples. Fifteen years earlier, the Spanish had conquered the island, and within a year had issued an order for the banishment of all Jews, which was never carried out. Now the community, which had existed since Roman times, was forced out. The only Jews remaining were the "New Christians" (who were to be expelled 5 years later) and 200 wealthy families who paid a new annual tax for such tolerance.
1584: The Sultan ordered an investigation to the number of synagogues in Safed. In his letter to the local administration, he wrote, "in the town of Safed there are only seven sacred mosques. But the Jews who in olden times had three synagogues have now thirty-two synagogues, and they have built their buildings very high."
1593: Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Bucharest claiming the lives of many Jews.
1648: Coronation of old Frederick III, who said of the Jews, they “have stolen into Denmark contrary to long-standing custom, [since the days of the Reformation, the Lutheran creed had, according to the laws of Denmark, been compulsory throughout the kingdom], and have dared to traffic with jewels and the like” which led him “to order that no Jew should enter Denmark without a special passport ("Geleitsbrief"), and that those who were already in the country should be heavily fined if they did not leave within fourteen days” [Editors’ note: A few years later, Frederick III., being in need of funds for his wars, borrowed money from the Jew Abraham (or Diego) Teixeira de Mattos of Hamburg (known through his relations with the Swedish queen Christina), and gave as security crownlands in Jutland. Teixeira thereupon made such good use of his influence with the Danish king that, as early as Jan. 19, 1657, "the Portuguese professing the Hebrew religion" were permitted to travel everywhere within the kingdom, and to trade and traffic within the limit of the law. Teixeira himself gained little by his transaction with the Danish monarch. As his loan was not returned, he took instead the estates he held as security, selling them later at a great loss. The king acted similarly in his dealings with the De Lima family, who were in possession of the Hald estate from 1660 to 1703.”]
1700: Beginning of the Papacy of Clement XI who in 1704 issued a bull that “dealt with the education of potential converts, encouraged forced preaching to Jews, and emphasized the importance of providing financial assistance to Jews who converted” and “asserted that new converts were to be fully accepted into the Catholic community.”
1702(3rd of Kislev): Thirty six Jews were killed in an explosion in Lemberg, Poland
1777(23rd of Cheshvan): Rabbi Aaron Katzenellenbogen of Brisk, author of Minhat Aharon passed away
1801: In Philadelphia, Leon van Amringe, Isaiah Nathan, Isaac Marks, Aaron Levi, Jr., Abraham Gumpert, and Abraham Moses took title to a plot of ground to be used as a place of burial for members of the newly formed Congregation Mickvé Israel.
1801: In Bridgetown, Barbados, Eliezer Montefiore and Judith Montefiore gave birth to Jacob Barrow Montefiore who “entered into business with his brother Moses, and when in the early thirties the movement for the financing of Australian colonization from London was incepted Montefiore, who had been connected with the Colonial produce trade, became active in the various public schemes as a member of the South Australian Colonization Association, organized to settle South Australia on the Wakefield system. He was also appointed member of the first board of commissioners entrusted by the British government with the administration of the colony. He visited the colony in the year 1843 and again in 1854. His reception on his first visit by the governor, Sir George Grey, and the people was enthusiastic. During his visit to South Australia in 1843 he acted as an agent for the Rothschilds, at the same time holding a partnership with his brother Joseph Barrow in the firm of Montefiore Brothers of London and Sydney. The township of Montefiore, at the confluence of the Bell and MacQuarrie rivers, in Wellington Valley, was founded by the brothers, and they contributed actively to the establishment there of places of worship for all denominations. The organization of the Bank of Australasia was largely due to their efforts. In Adelaide there is a hill named after them. In 1885, at the request of the directors of the Art Union Gallery of Adelaide, Jacob sat for the artist B. S. Marks, the portrait being hung in that gallery
1804: Birthdate of Franklin Piercefourteenth President of the United States. Pierce is part of the unmemorable trio who served occupied the White House in the decade before the Civil War including Fillmore, Pierce and Buchanan. Among his few claims to fame is that he was the first and maybe the only President whose name appears on the charter of a synagogue. Pierce signed the Act of Congress in 1857 that amended the laws of the District of Columbia to enable the incorporation of the city's first synagogue, the Washington Hebrew Congregation.
1825: Birthdate of Henriette Goldschmidt who married Rabbi Abraham Meyer Goldschmidt and was a leading educator, social worker and activists in the fight for the rights of German women.
1831: Jonas Engel married Sarah Louisa Barnett today.
1833: In Turek, near Kalish in Russian, Poland, Wolf Rosenthal and Esther Kolskey gave birth to “painter, engraver, etcher, lithographer and illustrator” and husband of Carolina Rosenthal who came to Philadelphia in 1849 where he pursued a career that included making illustrations of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War for the United States Military Commission, producing a collection of five hundred historical portraits and providing illustrations for “The Legend of Ben Levi.”
1836(14th of Kislev, 5597): Jacob Cohen Bakri, a wealthy French Jew who played a key role in the French acquisition of Algeria passed away today.
1838(6th of Kislev, 5599): Sixty-seven year old Bohemian native Samuel Hyman and the husband of Elizabeth Hyman passed away today in Plymouth, England.
1840: Sixty-six year old Louis Gabriel Ambroise Bonald, the anti-Semitic “French philosopher, politician and author” who believed that most Jews were “parasites” and that before they could be emancipated they must adopt Catholicism, passed away today.
1841: It was announced that Albert Goldsmid had been promoted to the rank of Lt. Col. In the British Army.
1843: One day after he had passed away, 31 year old Isaac Abrahams was buried at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”
1844(12th of Kislev, 5605): Fifty-three year old “Austrian financier and philanthropist Hermann Todesco passed away at his native Pressburg, Hungary today.
1845: Forty-six year old Michael Solomon Alexander, the first Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem passed away. An ordained Rabbi, he converted to Christianity in 1825.
1845: Forty-six year old Michael Solomon Alexander, a convert to Christianity who became the first Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem passed away today.
1847: The Ladies of the Society for the Religious Instruction in Charleston, South Carolina passed a resolution of tribute at the passing of the British author, Grace Aguilar. Aguilar had died on September 16, 1847 at the age of 32. Aguilar's work had been championed by Philadelphia editor Isaac Leeser, who published Aguilar's books in the United States and included her writings in his monthly magazine, The Occident and American Jewish Advocate. As a result, Aguilar was in many ways better known in the Jewish community of the United States than in England. In addition to historical romances (e.g. The Vale of Cedars) and reflections on Judaism (The Spirit of Judaism, 1842) Aguilar's influential book, The Women of Israel (1844), contested the claims by numerous Christian authors that Judaism denigrated women. Aguilar argued for Judaism's ancient and contemporary regard for women by detailing the strong and admirable women who appear in Judaism's essential defining text, the Bible. Aguilar returned the feeling of kinship that American Jewish women bore her. She even responded to an 1843 request from Savannah to contribute to a fair that local Jewish women were holding to raise funds to hire a rabbi. Aguilar sent along 2 purses, 6 needle cases, and 12 pincushions on which she had done the needlework, along with additional needlework pieces gathered from some of her friends. In mourning Aguilar's passing, the Charleston women truly felt they had lost one of their own. Aguilar's death at a young age evinced a strong response. Leeser observed that “there has not arisen a single Jewish female in modern times who has done so much for the illustration and adornment of her faith as Grace Aguilar.” The Charleston women expressed their appreciation for the “power and effect” of the “pen of this champion of our faith, against that giant Prejudice, whose shadow blackens the earth.” Citing her as the “moral governess of the Hebrew family,” the women of the Society resolved that her death “must be regarded as a national calamity; and that no demonstration of respect, however high, can convey an adequate sense of the exalted estimation in which we hold her character or of the profound regret with which we received the tidings of her dissolution.”
1848(27th of Cheshvan, 5609): Twenty-six year old Hermann Jellinek, the younger brother of Rabbi Adolf Jellinek was executed today for his role in the Vienna Uprising in October, 1848
1848 (27th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Meir Benjamin Danon, author of Be’er ba Sadeh, passed away
1852: An article published today entitled “Trial for Arson In the First Degree’ described the trial of Aaron Diamond on charges of arson. Mr. Morrison appeared as counsel representing Aaron Diamond, a German Jew who does not speak English in the case of the People vs. Aaron Diamond. The case revolved around an allegation that Diamond and Joshua Feller had set fire to the dwelling of John Nally. Morrison demanded that Diamond be tried separately. When several of the prosecution’s witnesses failed to show up, the District Attorney said that it would “unsafe” to convict the defendant and the Jury was directed by the court to render a verdict of not guilty.
1852: The discovery of Asteroid 21 Lutetia by Hermann Goldschmidt was published today.
1853: Two days after he had passed away, 99 year old Levy Alexander, the husband of Prussian born Fanny Alexander, was buried today at the “Exeter Jewish Cemetery.
1855: Seventy-four year old French statesman Louis-Mathieu Molé the opponent of Jewish emancipation who was the official named by Napoleon to bring together the Sanhedrin in 1806 and 1807 passed away today.
1856: Isaac and Julie Judith Josephine Mautner gave birth to Rosa Perlhefter.
1863: Two days after she had passed away, Rachel (Isaacs) Ansell, the wife of Jacob Ansell with whom she had had eleven children, was buried today at the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”
1867: Birthdate of Edgar D. Peixotto, the native New Yorker and son of Raphael Peixotto who became a successful lawyer in San Francisco, CA.
1868: In Chicago, Illinois, Julius Rosentha and Jette Wolfe gave birth to attorney Lessing Rosenthal the graduate of Johns Hopkins University and Northwestern Law School and husband of Mrs. Lillie Frank Myers who combined a distinguished legal career with service to the Jewish community including serving as director of the Jewish Training School in Chicago.
1870: It was reported today that Thanksgiving Services will be held at the 44th Street Synagogue after which children from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum will enjoy a holiday dinner provided by the Trustees.
1870(29th of Cheshvan, 5631): Augusta Feuchtwanger nee Levy, the wife of Lewis Feuchtwanger, passed away today in New York.
1870: Lewis Hart married Adelaide Levy at the New Synagogue today.
1871: Birthdate of Morris Masskov, the native of Odessa who gained fame American character actor Maurice Moscovitch whose last film may have been his most famous – Charlie Chaplain’s “The Great Dictator.”
1871: Ignatz Ratzsky was released from Sing Sing Prison after having served nine years for the robbery-murder of a German Jew named Sigismund Fellner. Ratzsky had originally been sentenced to death, but Governor Fenton commuted his sentence based his judgment that the conviction had been based on circumstantial evidence.
1873: In New York, founding of the Société Israélite Française de Secours Mutuels de New York which met on the fourth Sunday of each month, provided money for sick, death and burial benefits and owned burial grounds at Bayside, Long Island.
1874: Carl Schurz will deliver a lecture this evening sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association on “Educational Problems” at Steinway Hall in New York.
1877: It was reported today that two men have been charged for their role in stealing furs from A.T. Stewart & Co. Rpbert Kyle was charged with stealing the first while Seligman Hirsch, who was described as a “Hebrew” fur dealer, was charged with receiving the stolen firs. Why or how the reported knew that Hirsch was Jewish is not stated nor is any reason given for not identifying any of the other characters by their religious affiliation.
1880: It was reported today the lower house of the Prussian Diet debated the proposals by the anti-Semitic party to limit the activities of Jews in Germany. The anti-Semites reflected the views of Reverend Stecker, the Court Chaplin who wants legislation adopted that will “keep the Jews from any post of authority.” The opponents including members of the Liberal Party defended the Jews and “contended that it was breach of the Constitution to deny that Jews were Germans.”
1882: In New York, the Board of Estimate and Apportionment distributed funds to a variety of charitable institutions including $1,680 to the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.
1883: It was reported today that Spanish in Morocco tried and convicted twelve Jews accused supplying guns to the Berbers.
1883: Henry Irving will play Shylock, one of his signature roles in tonight’s performance of “The Merchant of Venice” at the Star Theatre.
1883: According to a report that appeared in today’s edition of the Hebrew Standard, Hugh O’Neill is quoted as telling a Jew in New York, “We don’t want any of your people in our employ.”
1884: It was reported today that the friends of Mrs. Max Rosenberg, the former Miss Jennie E. Lyman, were surprised to hear that she has filed for divorce especially since most of them did not she had gotten married several months while visiting New York. In her petition, Mrs. Rosenberg accused her husband of “extreme cruelty.” Rosenberg disputes his wife’s claims and says that the cause of the problem is her father’s dislike for him because he was Jewish.
1885: Birthdate of Alexander “Alex” Trachtenberg the native of Odessa who was active in the Socialist Party of America and the Communist Party USA.
1885: It was reported today that this year’s Hebrew Ladies Benevolent Fair raised over $7,800.
1886: Warrants are expected to be issued today for those who have violated Massachusetts “Sunday Closing Laws.” Several Jews and their customers are expected to be named since up until last week, it had been considered permissible for the Jews to operate their businesses on Sunday since they were closed on Saturday for their Sabbath observances.
1886(25th of Cheshvan, 5647): Sixty-four year old author and historian Leopold Kompert, best known for his role in the “Kompert Affair” in which he and Heinrich Graetz “were brought to court in Vienna for publishing ideas that were heretical to Catholic faith, in addition to contradicting Jewish tradition.”
1888: Birthdate of Harpo Marx, one of the famous Marx Brothers.
1889: Jacob Levy arrived in New York City from Poland today and moved in with his brother at 83 Norfolk Street in NYC.
1889: Sanitary officers “seized some unwholesome meat and vegetables in the sidewalk markets in the Hebrew quarter in the Tenth Ward.”
1889: “The Red Hussar,” a comedy opera in three acts by Edward Solomon, with a libretto by Henry Pottinger Stephens, which opened at the Lyric Theatre in London tonight. Solomon was the prolific Ango-Jewish composer and conductor who died prematurely at the age of 29.
1890: Seventy-three year old William III of Netherlands who in 1855 appointed Aron Mendes Chumaceiro chief rabbi of the colony of Curaçao and intervened on behalf of “the persecuted Dutch Jews of Coro, Venezuela” passed away today.
1890: Today’s New Publication List includes a review of a novel entitled The Jew, translated from the Polish of Joseph Ignatius Kraszewski by Linda Da Kowalewska
1890: “Catholic Spain” published today provided a detailed review of Chapters From The Religious History Of Spain Connected With The Inquisition by Henry Charles, a subject near and dear to the hearts of Jews in general and Sephardic Jews in particular.
1891: In Savannah, GA, founding of the Daughters of Israel whose members including Miss Maria Minis, Mrs. M.G. Ehrlich and Miss Maud Hendricks.
1891: Two days after he passed away, 73 year old Aaron Levy, the husband of the former Marianne Hart and the father Alexander and John Arthur Levy, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”
1894: At today’s meeting of the Tenement House Committed that was held in the Old Criminal Court Mr.Rice and Mr. Tuska of the United Hebrew Charity expressed their agreement with Reverend John B. Devins that tenement residents do not prefer filth, “that there should be public lavatories and that “every saloon should have an outside drinking fountain. They also believe that tenements should be better lit, have water on each floor and house kindergartens.
1895: This evening in Richmond, VA, the Paradise Lodge of B’nai B’rith “began a movement for the Jews of the United States to give tangible evidence of the debt they owe to the memory of Thomas Jefferson as father of religious liberty” in the United States.
1896:”A Radical Chicago Rabbi” published today summarized the view of Dr. Emil G. Hirsh, the rabbi Temple Sinai on the Windy City’s south-side, including his beliefs that observing Shabbat on Saturday “and the hope of the return to the Holy Land” are “relics of an attractive tradition but entirely out of keeping with advance and progress of modern ideas.
1896: In Philadelphia, the local chapter of the National Council of Jewish Women hosted a reception for the National Board at the Mercantile Club.
1896(18th of Kislev, 5657): Forty-one year old Ella Heyman, the native of Wheeling, West Virginia, passed away today in St. Louis.
1897: The Ladies Committee of the Home and Hospital for Jewish Incurables met this afternoon in London.
1897: The Apprenticing Committee of the Jews’ Hospital and Orphan Asylum met at Hamilton House this morning.
1897: Charles Schapiro was being held in the Tombs today after having killed Louis Lieberman and wounded his girlfriend Yetta Gordon yesterday. Gordon whose wounded eye was bandaged is being held in the House of Detention as a material. She had rejected Schapiro because he did not earn enough money. And he was angry because she would not return the twenty-five dollar ring he had “bought for her with money she had lent him.”
1898: Today “Marcus Aaron who worked for his father at the Louis I. Aaron Company and in 1911 would succeed his father at the Homer Laughlin China Company married Stella Hamburger with whom he had two children – “Marcus Lester and Fannie Hamburger Aaron.
1898: In Pécs, Hungary, the local cantor and his wife gave birth to opera singer Dezső Ernster who survived the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp to perform at the Metropolitan Opera.
1899: Birthdate of Parisian Israel Moshe Blauschild, the son of Romanian immigrants who as Marcel Dailo the movie actor who spent WWII in Hollywood before returning to his native country to pursue his career.
1902: Birthdate of New York native Aaron Bank, the U.S. Army Colonel considered by some to be father of what eventually became “the Green Berets.”
1905(25th of Cheshvan, 5666): Sixty-eight year old German born American actor Daniel Edward Bandmann, the son of Solomon and Rebecca Bandmann turned Montana rancher passed away today after which he was buried in Missoula.
1905: As of today it was reported that the committee which is collecting funds for the relief of Jews suffering from the Russian massacres has raised $660, 756 including $51from the Orthodox Congregation of Erie, PA, $15 from the New London (CT) Ladies’ Aid Society and $720 from the citizens of Wheeling, West Virginia.
1905: “In view of the very great demand made upon the Jews of America to relieve the sufferings of the victims of the Russian savagery, the Committee on the Celebration of the 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Jews in the United States has resolved to abandon the project of a commemorative monument and will return to the donors to the monument fund all contributions thus far received” with the hope that the money will then be donated to help the Jews of Russia.
1905: In New York, “not a seat was to be had” during the matinee showing of “The Riots of Kishneff” (Kishinev) which raised $1,506.06 for the relief fund aid the Jews of Russia.
1905: Tonight, Jacob P. Adler oversaw a production of “King Lear” which raised $1,500 for the Jews of Russia. Adler gave a speech at the end of the third act in which he asked how they could go with the play “when our minds are upon the atrocities committed our countrymen? Will we leave out the fourth act?” to which the audience responded with cheers and cries of “yes, yes!”
1905: A “procession arranged by Joseph Barondess, Abram Wattman and Dr. Simonoff organized “what was probably the most remarkable demonstration that has ever been known on the east side…when fully one hundred thousand Jews turned out” today “to join a procession…formed to mourn the dead slain in the Russian anti-Semitic riots.”
1905: It was reported today that as the violence against the Jews has continued Percival Menken said “There is far more in this massacre of our race in Russia than is apparent on the surface. Not until the Jews are restored to their native land and have their own armies and battleships will these persecutions cease. (This is nine years after the First Zionist Congress met and forty years before the Shoah came to an end.)
1905: It was reported from St. Petersburg, that “dispatches from Southwestern Russia indicate that the Zionist movement has obtained a powerful impetus from the anti-Jewish disorders.”
1909: The annual meeting of the Civic Federation which features a discussion of old age pensions by a panel including Samuel Gompers came to a close in New York City.
1911(2nd of Kislev, 5672): Eighty-five year old Rabbi Jacob Hamburger, “the sole author and editor of the first explicitly Jewish Encyclopedia” passed away today.
1911(2nd of Kislev, 5672): Seventy year old Imperial Councilor and Chief Cantor Josef Singer passed away today.
1912: It was reported in today’s edition of The Reform Advocate that Congressman Jefferson M Levy has announced that will combat the efforts now being made to acquire Monticello… which he owns, for the United States government and he will not and cannot be forced to part with is property.
1912: “This evening a memorial meeting for the late David Blaustein is schedule to take placed at the Educational Alliance under the auspices of the Society of Jewish Social workers of Greater New York.
1912: The British Consul in Jerusalem continued to complain to the British Ambassador in Constantinople about the British born Jews arriving in his city. Of the latest batch of 20, only six had means to support themselves while twelve of them were living off of contributions supplied by local Jewish charities.
1912(2nd of Kislev, 5672): Ninety one year old General Sir Charles D’Aguilar, the son of Lieut. Gen. Sir George D’Aguilar who had “held high office at Bevis Marks” passed away today leaving an estate valued at £200,000 to be shared by his two daughter.
655: The Ninth Council of Toledo which was held under the auspices of King Recceuith and would adopt a resolution “that all conversos, not only converted Jews also others who had come during the Migration Period, had to pass Christian festivals in the presence of their bishop so as to prove the veracity of their faith” and that “lack of compliance with this last rule would in flogging or forced fasting, depending on the age of the offend” came to an end today.
380: Theodosius I made his” adventus,” or formal entry, into Constantinople. Eight years later, in 388, Theodosius attempted to intervene unsuccessfully on behalf of the Jews of his Empire. “The bishop of a town on the bank of the Euphrates was among those responsible for the burning of a synagogue by a Christian crowd” When the governor of the province refused to punish the bishop, Theodosius exercised his imperial power and ordered the offending bishop to build the Jews a new house of worship. However, Ambrose, the Bishop of Milan and a leader of the Christian Church, overruled the emperor and Theodosius folded like a cheap suit. This episode points to the worsening conditions of the Jews. If a powerful Emperor like Theodosius could not stand up to the Church, how could one expect a lesser ruler to challenge the growing power of the prelates?
1105: Rabbi Nathan ben Yehiel of Rome completes Talmudic dictionary. According to Heinrich Graetz, Ben Yehiel is the only Italian who made a contribution to Jewish literature during this period which was dominated by the Jews of Spain. He published his dictionary under the name Aruch. What this work lacks in originality it makes up for in thoroughness. It became a standard text for Jews studying the Talmud during the Middle Ages.
1190: Isabella of Jerusalem marries Conrad of Montferrat at Acre, making him de jure King. This took place during the period when the Crusaders controlled the City of David. Their “kingship” should not be confused with the reign of the Davidic Dynasty.
1631 (5 Kislev, 5392): Rabbi Samuel Eliezer Edels, also known by the acronym, “MaHarSha,” passed away. Born in 1555 in Krakow, he was one of the best known Talmudic commentators. His Chidushei Halachot is included in almost every publication of the Talmud. He believed that many of the Agadot (Talmudic legends) could be explained rationally and/or as parables. Edels also served as the chief rabbi in Lublin and Ostrog. As part of his commentary and explanation on the subject of guardian angel, Edels wrote, “In the way you wish to go in life, so you will be led by your Guardian Angels." According to the MaHarSha,” this passage explains that, in the way you wish to go in life, so you will be led by your guardian angels. In other words every action, word and thought that you do in this world creates an angel, so if you really want something good to happen in your life, create enough angelic good angels with kindness, loving thoughts and honest words . And then these angels you have attracted to you by your good thoughts, words and actions will indeed lead you to your goal.” As you can see from this commentary, all Rabbis living in Eastern Europe were not dry legalist. Those of you who think of them in that manner will get a chance to re-consider that concept if you study this period of Jewish History.
1632: Birthdate of Baruch Spinoza (known also as Benedict De Spinoza). The life and philosophy of Spinoza are too complex for this brief daily blurb and you are urged to read more about him on your own) In brief Spinoza was born in Amsterdam to Sephardic Jews who had fled from the Inquisition in Portugal, Spinoza received a rigorous Jewish education including the study of such “modern” commentators as Maimonides and Ibn Ezra. However his inquiring mind led to learn Latin and to study with so-called free-thinkers. He became a disciple of Descartes and his rationalist philosophic approach to life. Spinoza was a pantheist believing that God was within nature and not above nature with His own divine will. To paraphrase Telushkin, Spinoza did not believe that God created nature, but that God is Nature. In 1656, while still in his twenties, Spinoza was excommunicated (in Hebrew “kerem”) for denying the immortality of the soul and God’s authorship of the Torah. On this latter point, Spinoza was a forerunner of modern Biblical critics. He believed that the Torah had not been written by Moses, but by Ezra the Scribe. The ban from the Jewish community was total. Spinoza spent the rest of his life moving from place to place in Holland studying and developing his philosophical works. At one point he joined a Mennonite sect and changed his name to Benedictus or Benedict. By the time of his death in 1677, Spinoza had developed a philosophy of rational pantheism in which to “know” nature is to know God. Over the centuries, many Jews have expressed their displeasure over Spinoza’s excommunication. In the 1950’s no less a figure than David Ben Gurion tried unsuccessfully to have the ban lifted. From the writings of Spinoza: “As long as a man imagines a thing is impossible, so long will he be unable to do it.” “Men who are ruled by reason desire nothing for themselves which they would not wish for all humankind.” (Sounds like Hillel).
1752: In Stratford, CT, “Isaac Menes Seixas and Rachel Franks Seixas” gave birth to Grace Mendes Seixas who married Simon Nathan and as Grace Mendes Nathan was the mother of four children
1799: In Prague, Judah Jeitteles and his wife gave birth to physician, poet and author Aaron Ludwig Joseph Jeittles
1824: Gabriel Gabriel married Esther Reuben today at the Great Synagogue.
1835: Joseph Myers married Julia Isaacs at the Great Synagogue today.
1841: David Barnard married Kate Nathan today.
1841: Solomon Nathan, the son of Barnett Nathan and Julia Solomons and the husband of Betsy Isaacs with whom he had had five children, was buried today at the “Canterbury Jewish Cemetery.”
1841: In Charleston, Rabbi Poznanski officiated at the married Joseph H. Marks of Columbia, SC and Cecile Abrahams of Charleston, SC.
1843: Birthdate of David Zvi Hoffmann, a rabbi and Torah scholar who was active in the “Wissenschaft des Judentums” a German based movement that attempted to apply scientific methodology to all aspects of Judaism. His daughter Hannah married Alexander Marx who along with Max L. Margolis published “A History of the Jewish People” which was a classic work of the inter-war period. Rabbi Hoffiamn passed away in 1921.
1843: Birthdate of Tammany Hall political leader Richard Croker, Jr. who recognized the importance of the Jewish vote in the municipal elections of 1898 when he threatened to get rid of all the leaders who did not do enough to deliver it to the Democratic Party machine.
1848(28th of Cheshvan, 5609): Seventy-eight year old Joseph Mendelssohn the German Jewish banker who was the oldest son of Moses Mendelssohn and the uncle of Felix Mendelssohn passed away today.
2009: The oldest complete Spanish Torah scroll will be up for sale at Sotheby's Judaica auction today. The scroll, the only Spanish Torah to include the kabalistic traditions of curved letters, has an estimated worth of $300,000-$500,000. Yitzchok Reisman, a world-renowned sofer (scribe), discovered the 730-year-old scroll about 10 years ago, and was able to date it and identify its origin.
2348 BCE: According to Archbishop James Ussher's Old Testament chronology, the Great Deluge ("Noah's Flood") began on this date.
407 BCE: Yedanaiah petitioned Bagohi, the governor of Yehud to rebuild the Jewish Temple at Elephantine.
Break of Day in the Trenches
The darkness crumbles away.
It is the same old druid time has ever,
Only a live thing leaps my hand,
A queer sardonic rat,
As I pull the parapet’s poppy
To stick behind my ear.
Droll rat, they would shoot you if they knew
Your cosmopolitan sympathies.
Now you have touched this English hand
You will do the same to a German
Soon, no doubt, if it be your pleasure
To cross the sleeping green between.
It seems you inwardly grin as you pass
Strong eyes, fine limbs, haughty athletes
Less chanced than you for life,
Bonds to the whims of murder,
Sprawled in the bowels of the earth,
The torn fields of France.
What do you see in our eyes
At the shrieking iron and flame
Hurled through still heavens?
What quaver - what heart aghast?
Poppies whose roots are in man’s veins
Drop, and are ever dropping;
But mine in my ear is safe,
Just a little white with the dust.
He was killed on April 1, 1918 while fighting on the Western Front. His self-portrait hangs in the British National Portrait Gallery.
1892: Birthdate of Dresden native Max Ehrlich “one of the great comics of the pre-war Berlin whose last performance was reportedly at Auschwitz.
1893: Herman Lottmann who has owned a saloon for years in Brooklyn “announced today that he intended to quit the liquor business because “I am a Jew” who has been harassed by a gang of Irish ruffians for the past year and the courts have been no help. “Lottmann said his wife had threatened to leave him if he had license renewed.
1894(10th of Kislev, 5716): In Berlin, fifty year old Dr. Arnold Heinrich Bodek, “also known Aaron Chaim” the husband of Malwine Malva Bodek, passed away today.
1895:Herzl begins a two days visit Colonel Goldsmid, leader of the British Hovevei Zion (Lovers of Zion) Movement, in Cardiff, Wales.
1896: After his return to Vienna, Herzl reworks the "Rede an die Rothschilds" and a new work finally emerges: Der Judenstaat: Versuch einer modernen Lösung der Judenfrage or in English The Jewish State: An Attempt at a Modern Solution of the Jewish Question. “Theodore Herzl's pamphlet Der Judenstaat, The Jewish State, heralded the coming of age of Zionism….In The Jewish State, Herzl envisioned that diplomatic activity would be the primary method for attaining the Jewish State and he called for the organized transfer of Jewish communities to the new state. Of the location of the state, Herzl said, ‘We shall take what is given us, and what is selected by public opinion.’ Herzl's The Jewish State included social innovations such as the seven-hour working day. In general, he was interested in an economy where free enterprise and state involvement went hand-in-hand. It was to be a modern, sophisticated and technologically advanced and Europeanized society. The Jewish Stateestablished Herzl as the leader of Zionism, and the "father of the Zionist Idea." Zionist also provoked considerable opposition, in particular from the assimilationst Jews of Central and Western Europe. The book became required reading for all Zionists and was taken as the basic platform of political Zionism. In conclusion, he wrote: ‘And what glory awaits those who fight unselfishly for the cause! Therefore I believe that a wondrous generation of Jews will spring into existence. The Maccabeans will rise again. Let me repeat once more my opening words: The Jews who wish for a State will have it. We shall live at last as free men on our own soil, and die peacefully in our own homes. The world will be freed by our liberty, enriched by our wealth, magnified by our greatness. And whatever we attempt there to accomplish for our own welfare, will react powerfully and beneficially for the good of humanity.’”
For more information about The Jewish State and complete copy of the text see , click on the icon “Israel” scroll down to , and then go to .
1897(30th of Cheshvan, 5658): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1897: Dr. Gustav Gottheil will deliver a sermon entitled “The Most Religious Day of the Year in America” during Thanksgiving Services at Temple Emanu-El which begin at 11 a.m.
1897: At New York’s Agudath Yesharim(Jersharim), Rabbi J.P. Solomon will officiate at the Thanksgiving Services starting at 3 p.m.
1897: Two days after he had passed away, 70 year old Morris Lack was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.”
1897: The Young Men’s Hebrew Association will lead Thanksgiving Services at Temple B’Nai Jeshrun beginning at 3 p.m.
1897: “The children of the Industrial and Sabbath Schools of the United Hebrew Charities will have a Thanksgiving Dinner today at 58 St. Mark’s Place at noon.
1897: The Cadet Corps of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum provide a full dress parade as part of the today’s Thanksgiving celebration.
1897: The Hebrew Orphan Asylum on Amsterdam will hold services 3 pm.
1897: Emile Zola addressed a letter to Le Figaro that might have been called “The Injustice of French Justice” since the author “intimated that he believed Dreyfus was innocent” and that he had the proof for this belief. The letter ended “The truth is on the way; nothing can stop it.”
1897: “To Begin Its Receptions” published today described plans for a series of upcoming functions hosted by the Young Folks’ League of the Hebrew Infant Asylum.
1898: Birthdate of Regina Gotlop, the native of Tarnow, Poland who was part of Convoy 25 that left Drancy for Auschwitz on August 28, 1942
1898: “Former Counsel General…Opposes Expansion” published today provided the view Simon Wolf, the former United States Counsel to Egypt on how this country should deal with Cuba and the Philippines, countries that were part of the Spanish Empire until the recent U.S. victory in the Spanish-American War. Wolf is opposed to annexation. He thinks that we should develop a special relationship with both of them, in the way that England has with Egypt. But he believes that we must make them independent and not annex them. (The disposition of former parts of the Spanish Empire including Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Philippines was “a hot political topic” at the end of the 19thcentury and is interesting that a leading Jewish statesman would take the stand for individual and national liberty as opposed to imperial expansion.)
1899: The final performance of “The Children of the Ghetto” will take place tonight at the Herald Square Theatre.
1899: Mme. Nevada’s final performance this evening at the Metropolitan Opera House was a fund-raiser for the benefit of the Hebrew Infant Asylum which is need of help to pay for the “recent heavy expenditures” resulting from the modernization and enlargement of its facility on Eagle Avenue and 161stStreet.
1899(23rd of Kislev, 5660): Eighty-seven year old Jewish merchant and philanthropist Marcus Nordheim whose assets amounted to 10 million marks part of which were used to establish the Nordheim Foundation, passed away today.
1900: At Cape May, NJ. Meyer S. Isaacs presided over the ceremonies held to dedicate De Hirsch Hall, the new dormitory of the Baron de Hirsch Agricultural and Industrial School at Woodbine. Woodbine an agricultural colony founded 12 years ago. With a population of 1,000, it is the most successful De Hirsch funded colony in New Jersey.
1901: It was reported today Marks Arnheim has spent the last three days looking for the person who has printed and distributed circulars urging a boycott of his tailoring shop on the corner of Broadway and 9thStreet in New York.
1902: Birthdate of Morris Lapidus, the Russian-born American architect who was responsible for the design of resort hotels in Miami and Miami Beach in the 1950’s.
1903: In Boston, the Sons of Zion is scheduled to host a ball today.
1903: Birthdate of Henri Samuel Sack, the Swiss-born, American holder of a “doctorate in experimental physics who worked at Zurich University and was “a resident associate in applied physics at Cornell University” becoming a full professor in 1949 while working on “applied physics, supersonics, analog computers and the elastic properties of solids.
1904(17th of Kislev,5665): Seventy-four year old Henry Strauss, a native of Alsace who served in the 10th Mississippi Infantry and was buried in the Beth Israel Cemetery, passed away today.
1905: Soprano Lina Abarbanell, the Berlin born daughter of Paul Abarbanell, “a descendent of a prominent Sephardic Jewish family of Bulgarian descent, was a well-known Berlin musical director” made “her debut today at the Metropolitan Opera House as “Hansel” in “Hansel und Gretel.”
1905: Today, President Dabney of the University of Cincinnati spoke at Hebrew Union College during the celebration marking “the 250thanniversary of the settlement of Jews in America.”
1905: After 3 months, “Catch of the Season,” a two act musical produced by Charles Frohman was performed for the last time at Daly’s Theatre in New York.
1905: Mr. Arnold Kohn said today “that although the contributions at the State Bank” deposited into the fund for the Russian Jews “came mostly from the poor” $20,000 has been deposited in to the account.
1905: Jacob H. Schiff received a letter today from Jacob G. Schurman, the President of Cornell University in which he enclosed his check “for the fund in relief of the suffering Jews of Russia whose terrible condition appeals to the universal heart of mankind.” Schurman, a native of Canada whose family came from the Netherlands wrote, “The atrocities of the Russian mob have been beyond all description or imagination. Such an exhibition of bigotry, intolerance and racial hatred has seldom if ever, disgraced the history of the mankind. And to crown the horrors of it, the fiendish mob invoke the name of Jesus of Nazareth, who preached good will to men…”
1907: The Neu-Isenburg orphanage for Jewish girls (Mädchenwohnheim Neu-Isenburg) founded by Bertha Pappenheim began operation today.
1908(1st of Kislev, 5669): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1908(1st of Kislev, 5669): A.M. Edelweiss passed away in Cuba.
1909: In New York City, William and Gussie (Goldenberg) Feuer gave birth Columbia Law School trained attorney Mortimer Feuer, a “partner firm Hays, Feuer, Porter & Spanier” and the first vice president of the Amsterdam Democratic who married Louis Younker Gottschall with whom he had two sons – Thomas and Richard.
1909: Turks resolve to grant all requested privileges to Jewish soldiers, except kosher food
1910: Birthdate of Léon Poliakov, the Russian born French historian whose field of expertise was Holocaust and anti-Semitism. In November 1950, Poliakov wrote "The Vatican and the 'Jewish Question' - The Record of the Hitler Period-And After," in the influential Jewish journal Commentary which was the first article to consider the attitude of the papacy during World War II and the Holocaust.
1911: “Replying to inquiries from Mr. O’Grady, MP, Sir Edward Grey, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs” stated “that the Government is aware of discrimination against English Jews practiced by the Russian Government in the matter of passports; that no agreement countenancing such discrimination exists between Great Britain and Russia; and that so long as the ‘Russian regulations respecting person of the Jewish faith are applied to all persons alike, irrespective of nationality, which His Majesty’s Government have reason to believe to the case, they have no treaty grounds for protest.”
1911: The “North Manchester Synagogue” adopted “resolutions regretting that invitations to the forthcoming conference on the Chief Rabbinate have been withheld from a number of congregations and declaring that no Chief Rabbi will be recognized as spiritual head of British Jewry who has not been chosen by votes of all Orthodox Hebrew Congregations of Great Britain and Ireland.”
1912(15th of Kislev, 5673): Sixty-two year old Isidor Raynor who represented the Fourth Congressional District of Maryland from 1887 to 1889 and 1891 to 1895 and served as U.S. Senator from Maryland from 1905 until today, passed away.
1912: ‘The next regular meeting of the Junior Auxiliary of the Mother’s Aid of the Chicago Lying-In Hospital and Dispensary is scheduled to be held at 2 o’clock this afternoon in the vestry rooms of Temple Isaiah in Chicago, Illinois.
1912: The following article entitled “Daughters of Jacob Honor Ida Straus” described the memorial ceremony commemorating the life of this Jewess who went down with her husband on the Titanic.
In the presence of an audience of 600 persons, including all of the members of the Straus family, a memorial tablet in honor of Ida Straus was unveiled yesterday at the Home of the Daughters of Jacob, an institution for aged men and women at 301 and 303 East Broadway. Impressive services marked the official dedication of the tablet, which has been mounted upon the wall of the large auditorium to the right of the main entrance.The large bronze casting bears the raised profile of Mrs. Straus upon the centre, directly under the inscription; “The Ida Straus Memorial of the Home of the Daughters of Jacob.” On one side are the words “Her life was beautiful” and the date in the Hebrew calendar of Mrs. Straus’s birth, “Shebat 14, 5609.” On the other side is the inscription “Her death was glorious,” and the date of the Titanic disaster, “Nisan 28, 5672.” Below the profile are the words:To the everlasting memory of Mrs. Ida Straus, one of the noble and heroic daughters in Israel, the hospital wards of this home are dedicated. She perished on the high seas in the Titanic disaster, together with her husband, Isidor Straus, statesman, philanthropist, and merchant, persistenly [sic] refusing to be saved that she might remain to cheer the last moments of her life’s companion.
Beneath is this quotation:
Where thou Diest Will I Die, and There Will I Be Buried. RUTH
The Rev. Dr. Nathan Abramson opened the dedication services with a hymn, in which he led a selected chorus of sixteen voices. The Rev. H. Pereira Mendes delivered the opening prayer, in which he expressed the hope that the example of the heroic and devoted wife in whose memory the tablet was erected and to whose lasting fame the wards of the hospital were dedicated might be forever an inspiration to the women of her race and ancient creed. Dr. Henry Fleischman, President of the Educational Alliance, made the principal address. He lauded the modest charity and kindliness of Mrs. Straus and the great unselfish works of her husband in the public service. Other speakers were Joseph Barondes of the Board of Education, the Rev. Dr. Schulman, pastor of the Congregation of Beth-El; the Rev. H. Masliansky of the People’s Synagogue, and Gustavus A. Rogers, who acted as Chairman. The most impressive incident of the dedication occurred when the 186 inmates of the home, led by Supt. Albert Kruger, filed slowly into the auditorium and took their seats in the front rows. The oldest of the feeble and decrepit men and women was said to be almost 108, and the youngest in the procession more than 70 years old. Just before the close of the exercises they arose and with quavering voices chanted aloud in unison a prayer for the eternal happiness of their departed benefactress. Among those seated on the platform were Mr. and Mrs. Percy Straus, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar S. Straus, Mrs. Nathan Straus, Herbert Straus, Jesse I. Straus, Mrs. Weil, Mr. and Mrs. Lazarus Kohns, and Mr. Lee Kohns. At the close of the exercises the members of the Straus family group, together with a few intimate friends, made a tour of inspection of the new hospital wards of the home.
1913: Birthdate of Robert Friend, the American born “poet and translator” who made Aliyah and became “a professor of English literature at Hebrew University.”
1914(5th of Kislev, 5675): While fighting on the Western Front during WW I, twenty-seven year old Lt. F.A. De Pass, a Jewish officer from London died while he and an Indian soldier faced German machine-gun fire for two hundred yards, to bring in a badly wounded Indian lying in No-Man’s Land.
1914: “Zangwill Lauds Schiff” published today defends Jacob Schiff saying this his proposal “for a conference to end Prussian Militarism” does not make him a “mouthpiece of Berlin” but shows him as one who draws on his Jewish background and “speaks…with the voice of Jersualem.
1914: “Britain Will Protect Jews” published today provides the response of the British Ambassador to questions about the British protecting the rights of German Jews in lands they may conquer by saying that “Jews of all nationalities who may come under British control can of course count on the same protection and liberal treatment which England has always extended to them.”
1914: “For the Relief of Jews” published today provided a list of contributors to the fund including Rabbi J.S. Levy of Waco, TX , Joe Matz of Pocahontas, VA and Mrs. Charles Fryer of Muscatine, IA.
1915: Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel, the member of a prominent Anglo-Jewish family succeeded Winston Churchill as the Chancellor of the Duchy Lancaster in the government headed by Prime Minister Henry Asquith
1915(18th of Kislev, 5676): Eighty-three year old Michel Jules Alfred Bréal, the French philologist who was responsible for the marathon being part of the first modern Olympics passed away today.
1916(22nd of Cheshvan, 5677): Parashat Chayei Sara
1916: According to an article written by a member of the Reichstag that appeared in the Tageblatt today, “the Prussian Government has also been lucky in solving the Jewish religious problem in Poland” because unlike the Czar’s Government, “the German Governor of Poland has granted the Jews of Poland far-reaching self-government respecting their religious institutions and has accorded them all the religious rights recognized by State.” (Editor’s note – this is only one example of why some Jews in the United States did not want to enter the World War on the side of the allies because that would have been supporting the anti-Semitic government of the Czar.)
1916: Synagogues on New York’s east side are scheduled hold memorial services honoring Austrian Emperor Franz Josef who passed away earlier this week.
1916: The replacement of Boris Stürmer an anti-Semite “suspected of being pro-German” as Prime Minister in Russia with Alexander Trepov “was hailed by liberals” and those who were worried about Russia continuing the war against Germany.
1916: In Berlin, “during the course of the discussion of the budget before the committee of the Reichstag” it was suggested that Germany employ Jews in Poland while also looking using “the population of occupied territories for work in Germany.”
1917:The New York Section of the Council of Jewish Women dedicated the first shelter for “homeless and friendless” Jewish women discharged or paroled from New York City and New York state jails. Speakers at the dedication included the prominent rabbi Stephen S. Wise and Deaconess Young, who directed another home for “friendless women” in the same neighborhood. Although the home was founded to serve Jewish women, the president of the New York Council section affirmed that “no unfortunate woman of any race, creed or color would be refused aid if she needed it.”
1917: The Provisional Zionist Committee, chaired by Stephen S. Wise, “sent a cable message of greetings and congratulation to the Zionist mass meeting what held in London” celebrating the adoption of the Balfour Declaration.
1917: A mass meeting of Zionists attended by Lord Walter Lionel Rothschild, Chaim Weitzman, President of the British Zionist Federation and Rabbi Moses Gaster was held in London this evening designed “to celebrate the promise by the British Government ot support the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine.
1917: A contribution of $200 from Witty Brothers, the New York men’s clothing store was among those listed today by the American Jewish Relief Committee.
1917: Among the contributions listed today by the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering through the War included $1,436 from the committee in Dubuque, IA, $236 from the committee in Iowa City, IA, $135 from the committee in Keokuk, IA, $300 from the committee in Mason City, IA, $301 from the committee in Muscatine, IA and $286 from the committee in Ottumwa, IA.
1918: It was reported today that “the Administrative Committee for an American Jewish Congress will meet tomorrow to fix a new date for the” convening of the congress which is to deal with the questions of Jewish nationality in Palestine and the guaranteeing of equal rights for Jews in all the countries of Europe.
1920: Thanksgiving observed in the United States.
1920: The 23rd annual convention of the ZOA is scheduled to begin to in Buffalo, NY.
1920: The Young Women’s Hebrew Association is scheduled to “hold services dedicated to the memory of the late Jacob H. Schiff” this evening which the entire neighborhood is invited to attend.
1922: Wake University “under head coach George Levene” lost to North Carolina State for its third straight loss at home.
1924(27th of Cheshvan, 5685): Ninety-two year old Jules Worms, the French painter and engraver who was appointed a Knight of the Legion of Honour in 1876 passed away today after which he was “buried in Paris Montparnasse Cemetery , Section 5.
1925: In Moscow, silent film actress Rachel Messerer-Plisetskaya and Mikhai “Misha” Plisetski, a diplomat, engineer and mine director, gave birth to ballet dancer, choreographer, ballet director, and actress Maya Plisetskaya.
1926: In Brooklyn “Jewish immigrants Irene (Sperling) and Abraham Schisgal, a tailor, gave birth to playwright and screenwriter Murray Schisgal whose hits include Luv and Tootsie.
1927(1st of Kislev, 5688): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1927(1st of Kislev, 5688): Morris Ganss, who had been born in Maryland in August of 1865 and was the husband of Helen Peyer and father of Harold Ganss passed away today after which he was buried in the Hebrew Cemetery at Washington, D.C.
1927: Yehudi Menuhin was the soloist with New York Symphony Orchestra today where he played the Beethoven Violin Concerto. His performance won audience approval and critical acclaim and marked the start of tours through the United States and Europe.
1928: In Syracuse, NY, David A. Brown of Detroit, “the national chairman of the United Jewish campaign raise $25,000,000 Jewish activities” “declared tonight at the first joint gathering of Zionists and non-Zionists” that “Jews through the world will benefit from the agency recently formed in Palestine for relief work under the coordinating support of all Zionist movements.”
1928: A photograph of “Masons Hillsborough Lodge No. 25” published today included Henry Brash, Abe Maas and Isaac Mass provided evident of the level of acceptance of Jews in the Tampa community.
1931: According to figures released by the census authorities, of the 1,035,154 inhabitants of Palestine, 387,525 live in Palestine’s major cities including 90,526 in Jerusalem, 51,876 in Jaffa, 46,109 in Tel Aviv and 50,869 for Haifa. “There is an almost equal number of men an women in nearly all the urban localities, the total being 197,307 males and 190,218 females.” Since the last census conducted in 1922, “purely Arab areas showed less than a 1 per cent increase in population…while the mixed Arab-Jewish residential localities showed a 30 per cent rise indicating a higher measure of prosperity during the past decade.”
1932: U.S. premiere of “Rockabye” a drama directed by George Cukor and produced by David O. Selznick.
1933(7th of Kislev, 5694): Seventy-three year old Sarah Hexter, a native of Brandeburg, German who was the wife of Max Hexter with who she had three children passed away today in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1933: Max Born received a letter from Werner Heisenberg in which he said he had been delayed in writing due to a “bad conscience” that he alone had received the Nobel Prize “for work done in Göttingen in collaboration — you, Jordan and I.” Heisenberg went on to say that Born and Jordan’s contribution to quantum mechanics cannot be changed by “a wrong decision from the outside.” Jordan was Pascual Jordan a physicist who joined the Nazi party and became a Brown Shirt. Heisenberg was an “Aryan” who stayed in Nazi Germany. Born was a Lutheran who was classified as a Jew under Nazi Racial Law and would win his Nobel Prize in 1954.
1934: John Kenmuir reports that “not since the period immediately following the World War have so many new places claimed attention from mapmakers as in the last few months. Towns have seemingly appeared out of nowhere…” Included in this category is Tel Aviv, “the second largest city in Palestine a country of age-old town. This thriving metropolis of 70,000 did not even exist in 1909, its site being then a deserted area of rolling sand dunes north of Jaffa.
1935: Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel who lost his seat in the elections of 1935 ended his leadership of the Liberal Party today.
1935: “One Way Ticket,” a cinema version of the novel by the same name which marked “the directorial debut” of Herbert Biberman was released in the United States today.
1936: Tonight, the police “stormed Warsaw University in order to clear the buildings occupied for two day by several hundred Fascist student” who were demanding that Jewish students be segregated from the rest of the student body.
1936: Dr. Chaim Weizmann began his testimony before the Peel Commission by dwelling “first on the tragedy of at least 6,000,000 superfluous Jews in Poland, Germany, Austria and other countries who before the war found an outlet in emigration to the United States and South Africa but who now find all gates barred to them” which “lends grave importance to the question of a Jewish national home in Palestine, the only spot in the world where Jews can turn their eyes with the hope of being saved from moral, cultural and economic stagnation” not to mention death.
1936: Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, an anti-communist treaty that will be the basis of the Axis alliance. The treaty is another step towards World War II and the Final Solution. At the time, the treaty seemed to be one more diplomatic victory for Hitler, but the Japanese actually outsmarted the Little Corporal. The treaty did not commit the Japanese to take military action against the Soviets. Hitler fully expected the Japanese to attack Russia when he invaded the Soviet state forcing Stalin to fight a two front war. The Japanese never budged. Hitler was left to fight the Soviets on his own and it was this Soviet ability to have face only the Germans that helped chew up the divisions of the Wermacht. [If the Japanese had really been such dedicated anti-communists you would have thought they would have joined the Nazis in attacking the leading communist state of the time, the Soviet Union. Of course the Japanese did not having been bloodied by the Soviets in the late 1930’s. Even strange bedfellows do not always sleep together]
1936:Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber, the Archbishop of Muich, informed the Bavarian bishops that he had promised Hitler that the bishops would issue a new pastoral letter in which they condemned "Bolshevism which represents the greatest danger for the peace of Europe and the Christian civilization of our country." In addition, Faulhaber stated, the pastoral letter " will once again affirm our loyalty and positive attitude, demanded by the Fourth Commandment, toward todays form of government and the Führer."
1936: Fifty-five year old Sir Leon Levison, the son of Rabbi Nahum Levison, whose conversion to Christianity and service as the first President of the International Hebrew Christian Alliance did not prevent him from raising 200,000 English pounds to relieve the suffering Jews during the World War or being “a fierce opponent of the Nazis” passed away.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that the first death sentence was passed, under the recently promulgated Defense Regulations, by a military court on Sheikh Farhan e-Sadi, leader of a terrorist group, who was found guilty of carrying firearms and ammunition. The Arab Defense Party appealed for clemency.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that a large number of Jews had been attacked and beaten in riots in Memel, Shavli and Wilkomir in Lithuania. This outburst of anti-Semitism took place two years before the outbreak of World War II. This is an example of the inherent European anti-Semitism that helped to make the Holocaust possible and provided the Nazis with willing accomplices in completing the Final Solution.
1938(2nd of Kislev, 5699): Fifty-five year old Jessie Sampter who made Aliyah in 1919 which led her to work with Yemenite Jews and the establishment of “a vegetarian convalescent home at Kibbutz Givat Brenner” passed away at Beilinson Hospital where she was being treated for malaria and heart disease.
1938: “Submarine Patrol” a pre-war Naval adventure film written by Jack Yellen was released today in the United States.
1938: Sixty-one year old Aaron Garber, the Lithuanian born Cleveland, OH, attorney, Zionist and “a leader in the Bureau of Jewish Education” who was “a founder and president of the Cleveland Hebrew Schools.”
1938: In Owensboro, KY, a gold course owner whose father had emigrated from Lithuania and his wife gave birth Stephen Cohen, a product of the Russian Studies program at Indiana University and holder of PhD from Columbia who went to become a “Professor of Politics and Russian Studies at Princeton,” a prolific author and one of those who as of 2018, “continues to dismiss theories of Russian collusion” in the U.S. Presidential elections.
1939: There were 1,000 German Jews aboard the SS Vulcania as it left Italy tonight bound for New York City.
1939: Today is the deadline for the Jewish population of Teschen to leave the city.
1939: Today, playing on their home field Penn St. led by their Team Captain Spike Alter defeated cross-state rival Pittsburg.
1939: It was announced today that American “with relatives in the Upper Silesia and Danzig areas of Poland may send me to them through the Federation of Polish Jews in America at 225 West 34thStreet” in New York City.
1939: Birthdate of economist Martin Feldstein winner in 1977 of the John Bates Clark Medal.
1939: In New York, Dr. Samuel H. Goldensohn is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “The Sacrifices of Thanksgiving” on Saturday morning at Congregation Emanu-El.
1939: In New York, Rabbi William F. Rosenblum is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “How Would Your Rewrite the Bible” on Saturday morning at Temple Israel.
1939: In New York, Rabbi Nathan Stern is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “I Have Everything” on Saturday morning at West End Synagogue.
1939: In Baltimore, MD, “more than a thousand delegates to the Junior Hadassah convention passed by acclamation today a resolution condemning the British White Paper on Palestine and calling upon the British Colonial Secretary, ‘for the sake o the honor of Great Britain,’ to abandon it.”
1939: Mrs. David De Sola Pool of New York, national president of Senior Hadassah, Miss Nell Ziff of New York, president of Junior Hadassah and Rabbi Isadore Breslau, director of the American Zionist Bureau in Washington addressed today’s session of the Junior Hadassah Convention.
1939: In New York Rabbi Louis I. Newman is scheduled to deliver a sermon entitled “Changing Our Name and Changing Our Character” on Saturday morning Congregation Rodeph Sholom
1939: The government in Bucharest published “the result of an investigation concerning the citizenship of the Jews” living in Rumania according to which only 63.5% of the Jews living in the country were really citizens.
1939: “Mrs. Isidor Achron of 45 West Eighty-first Street” said today she had received word from her aunt in London that her cousin Moijzesz Kusewitsky, chief cantor Poland who had been reported killed by a German bomb during the Nazi capture of Warsaw “had escaped with his family to Bucharest, Romania.
1940: The Patria, a steamer carrying illegal Jewish immigrants sank in Haifa port killing 250 of the passengers. The Patria was a French steamer chartered by the British to ship illegal immigrants who had previously made it to Palestine to detainment camps on the British island of Mauritius. This removal of the Jewish immigrants was part of a British campaign to placate the Arabs. The plan was in violation of the terms of the Mandate. The plant was also a violation of basic human decency since the Jews were seeking a safe haven from the advancing Nazi armies. However, nobody has ever accused the British Foreign office or the Arab leaders of that time of having an over abundance of human decency when it came to dealing with Jews. The explosion on board the Patria was caused by the Haganah who were attempting to disable the ship and force the British to let the refugees land. Almost two thousand of the Patria’s human cargo would end up staying in Eretz Israel while another similar number would end up in internment camps. This was but one small event in the combined British-Arab attempt to strangle the Yishuv.
1941: Following the German conquest of Belgium, the Jews “set up their own coordinating committee” which the Nazi Security Police replaced with the Association of Jews in Belgium or AJB.
1941: German Jews were shipped east to Kovno. This gave the SS new targets for their killing raids. In one day the Einsatzkommando reported the deaths of 1,159 men, 1,600 women and175 children. Four days later they reported killing another 693 men, 1,155 women and152 children.
1942: In the evening and continuing into the next day, the SS and Norway’s State Police began rounding up all woman and children. In all, 532 Jewish women and children in Norway are arrested and deported to Auschwitz. Although more than 700 Norwegian Jews were eventually sent to Auschwitz, about 930 found refuge in Sweden.
1942: Jews hiding in Piotrkow (Poland) were offered a chance to stay in the ghetto legally if they came out of hiding. Some did, and they were killed by Ukrainians upon doing so.
1943: World War II: Statehood of Bosnia and Herzegovina is re-established at the State Anti-Fascist Council for the People's Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1943(27th of Cheshvan, 5704): One of two dates given for the suicide of 65 year old actor Paul Otto in Berlin after his Jewish ancestry was discovered.
1944: Crematorium II at Birkenau was dismantled by the Nazis and its remains were buried in attempt to hide the evidence of the Final Solution.
1944: Birthdate of actor, self-styled political commentator and game show host Ben Stein
1944: According to some sources Himmler was responsible for the issuance today of a “general prohibition…concerning the further killing of the Jews” – a claim which would seem to fly in the face of the facts that an untold number of Jews continued to perish under the most brutal of conditions.
1944: Warner Brothers release “Arsenic and Old Lace” comedy that includes murder and mental illness produced by Jack Warner with a score by Max Steiner and a screenplay by Julius and Philip G. Epstein.
1945:Jewish underground attacks Palestinian coast guard; blows up two coast guard stations in retaliation for capture of Greek schooner Demetrios which brought 200 illegal immigrants to Palestine.
1946(2nd of Kislev, 5707): Ninety-year old Henry Morgenthau, Sr. the United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire during WW I whose grandchildren included historian Barbara Tuchman and long-time NY DA Robert M. Morgenthau passed away today.
1947: The House of Representatives overwhelming vote to approve citations for contempt of Congress citations against the Hollywood Ten for the “defiance” of the mis-named House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). “Of the Hollywood Ten, six - John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Albert Maltz and Samuel Ornitz — were Jews.”
1947: The movie version of the novel “It Always Rains on Sunday” produced by Michael Balcon was released today in the United Kingdom.
1947: Following yesterday’s overwhelming vote to cite the Hollywood Ten for Contempt of Congress, the Hollywood studios blacklisted them. “Of the Hollywood Ten, six - John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Albert Maltz and Samuel Ornitz — were Jews.” (As reported by Jennifer Lipman)
1947: “The Gangster” based The Low Company a 1937 novel written by Daniel Fuchs who wrote the screenplay and with music by Louis Gruenberg was released today in the United States today,
1948:Arabs announce they will not negotiate with Israel except through UN.
1948: UN mediator Ralph Bunche recommends to Political Committee that UN try another strong appeal for Israel and Arabs to get together. He urges Israel's admittance to UN.
1948: Israel's Provisional Government Council announces it will hold first general elections on January 25. Persons aged 18 years or more will be eligible to vote.
1948: Birthdate of French born, American educated, film director Jonathan Kaplan
1949:Israel turns down the UN Palestine Conciliation Committee's plan for an international Jerusalem. Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett says Jews favored UN control of Jerusalem at one time. They oppose it now, because if they lose Jerusalem they will have to rescue it from Arabs. They recommend that Jerusalem's old city be internationalized. Modern Jerusalem's holy places will be accessible to people of all faiths.
1959: Birthdate of Yaakov Edri, the native of Morocco who made Aliyah in 1959, earned two degrees from the University of Haifa and pursued a political career that including service as an MK and in several ministerial posts.
1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that fear for the safety of 2,500,000 Jews behind the Iron Curtain was voiced in the Knesset by Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett when he read the government¹s statement on the Prague trials of former leading Communists, accused of Zionism and espionage, which he called “a farce in the form of a trial.”
1952: Premiere of Hans Christian Andersen produced by Samuel Goldwyn, with a script by Moss Hart and starring Danny Kaye.
1953: “The Fake” a “British crime film” with music by Matyas Seiber was released today in the United Kingdom.
1955: “The Big Knife,” the film version of the 1949 play by Clifford Odets and co-starring Shelly Winters was released in the United States today.
1955(10th of Kislev, 5716): Fifty year old U.S. Chess Champion and International Master Herman Steiner passed away today.
1956: In Boston, Massachusetts, Senator John F. Kennedy addresses a dinner honoring Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister.
43 BCE: The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian", later "Caesar Augustus"), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony is formed. This power sharing arrangement would fall apart. Octavian would defeat Mark Antony and remove Lepidus leaving him as the sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Initially, Antony’s defeat and Octavian’s victory did not change the situation for the Jews living in Judea. Herod had made the mistake of backing Antony. So if Antony had won, Herod would have kept his kingdom. But Antony’s defeat did not cost Herod his kingdom. In one of the history’s greatest acts of political audacity, Herod went to the island of Rhodes where he met with Octavian. He admitted that he had supported Antony but convinced the young Caesar that this was a good thing because he now he would give Augustus the same level of support. Impressed by Herod’s audacity (and in need of allies) he left Herod on his throne. So the outcome for the Jews of Judea, in the short term, was the same no matter what. In the long run, the Jews probably did well with the victory of Augustus since he would follow the same kind of comparatively benevolent policies followed by his uncle Julius including exempting the Jews from emperor worship and respecting Jewish laws by exempting Jews from appearing in court after dark on Friday or on Shabbat.
1346: Coronation of Charles IV whose decision in 1349 to turn over the taxes paid by the Jews of Frankfurt to the citizens of that city could not prevent the pogrom that followed his departure from the city, as King of the Germans.
1504: Queen Isabella I of Castile, the first Queen of united Spain passed away. Born in 1451, Isabella is one of history’s more fascinating monarchs. She was every bit as wiley, clever and effective as Queen Elizabeth of England, even though she does not get her share of credit for these traits. Isabella did have Jewish advisors, physicians and financiers. But in the end her devout Catholicism and need for funds to finance “crusades” against Moslems proved the undoing of her Jewish subjects.
1572: King Maximilian II expressed his intention “to expel the Jews of Pressburg (Bratislava), stating that his edict would be recalled only in case they accepted Christianity.”
1669: As events surrounding the blood libel that would lead to the death of Raphael Levi unfolded, two swineherds found the head and the neck of a child in the woods near Metz. Despite the fact that two surgeons testified that the body parts came from a recently killed person, officials decided that this was the body of the Christian child that had been reported missing and killed more than a month ago. These body parts would be used in the trial of Levi where he was found guilty. He was buried alive, protesting his innocence to the end. This blood libel was part of a series of persecutions aimed at the Jewish community of Metz and would end with their expulsion from the city.
1715(30th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Joseph ben Mordecai Ginzburg, author of Leket Yosef passed away today
1775: The American Navy began using chaplains within its regular service. However, Rabbis were not allowed to serve as Chaplains until 1862 when President Lincoln sponsored legislation allowing ordained Protestant, Catholic or Jewish ministers to serve as Chaplains.
1789: Once the United States had been established as an independent nation, President George Washington proclaimed a day of national thanksgiving for November 26, 1789. Congregation Shearith Israel held a service on that first Thanksgiving Day (and has continued to do so each year since), at which time Rev. Gershom Mendes Seixas delivered an address. He noted that the Jewish community had reason to rejoice "as we are made equal partakers of every benefit that results from this good government; for which we cannot sufficiently adore the God of our fathers who hath manifested his care over us in this particular instance; neither can we demonstrate our sense of His benign goodness, for His favourable interposition in behalf of the inhabitants of this land."
1794: David and Elizabeth Levy were married today at the Great Synagogue.
1800: Salomon Rothschild married 18 year old Caroline Stern, the only daughter of Jacob Stern a wine merchant. As can be seen from the Ketubah (wedding contract) this was another beneficial marriage arranged by A.M. Rothschild.
1802: As the Jews of Maryland seek full equality On Nov. 26, 1802, a petition "from the sect of people called Jews" specifically stating their grievance, namely, "that they are deprived of holding any office of profit and trust under the constitution and laws of this state," was referred to the General Assembly, which read it and referred it to a special committee of five delegates, including the two Baltimore representatives, with instructions to consider and report upon the prayer of the petitioners for relief. A month later the petition was refused by a vote of thirty-eight to seventeen. The attempt to secure the desired relief was repeated at the legislative session of 1803; again proving unsuccessful, it was renewed in the following year.
1822: Seventy-two year old Karl August von Hardenberg who as Prime Minster of Prussia pursued many liberal policies including working to guarantee equal rights for the Jews, passed away today.
1834: Birthdate of Isabella H. Polock, the wife Morris Rosenbach and mother of literary collector Abraham Simon Wolf (A.S.W.) Rosenbach.
1835: In Baja, Hungary, Baruch Asher Perles and his wife gave birth to Rabbi Joseph Perles, whose works included essays on the lives of Nachmanides, and Shlomo be Aderet, the Spanish sage known as the Rashba.
1837: Isaac Solomon married Mary Benjamin at the Great Synagogue today.
1840: In Italy Marco and Giustina Luzzati gave birth to Annetta Luzzati who became Annetta Foa when she married Giuseppe Foa, the Grand Rabbi of Turino.
1840: Sixty-five year old anti-Semite Karl von Rotteck who “wrote in 1828 that ‘the Jews had to be de-Jewified” and who “rejected Jewish emancipation with the argument that their religion was…antisocial as well as anti-national” passed away today.
1840: In Sebes, near Eperies, Hungary, Isaac Rubovits and Salie Klein gave birth to Edward Rubovits, a teacher in Hungary and husband of Mathilde Kiss who was in the “book, stationary and printing business in Chicago” while also serving as “vice president of Zion Congregation and Isaiah Temple.”
1841: The Voice of Jacob published “Alleged Progress of London Jews Towards Christianity” which reported that “the attempt of a few gentlemen, of the West End section of the town, to form a synagogue there, with certain omissions from the established liturgy, and in contravention of the regulations of one of the London congregations, of which they have been and are yet members… These gentlemen are not known as a congregation, but as an association, deeming itself qualified to abrogate the customs which Israelites have observed for centuries… While the almost universal feeling condemns this movement as the presumptuous attempt of a handful of laymen, and while therefore there need be no apprehension of the evil spreading, the only wise policy would be to treat the attempt as neither formidable by numbers, by status (at least theological), nor otherwise possessing a single element of union.” The Voice of Jacob was published fortnightly and was the first publication that provided “real-time” reports on events in the Jewish community. The article refers to attempts to established London’s first Reform Congregation which became known as the West London Synagogue of British Jews
1842: The University of Notre Dame is founded as private Catholic University. Since 1992, Rabbi Dr. Michael Signer has filled the Abrams Chair of Jewish Thought and Culture and has served as the Director of the Notre Dame Holocaust Project. “The Notre Dame Holocaust Project promotes educational opportunities about the destruction of European Jewry during World War II for the university community.” .
For more information about opportunities offered to Jewish students attending Notre Dame see
1843(3rd of Kislev, 5604): Seventy-one year old Hertz Salomon Schwarzschild, the son of Salomon Jacob Schwarzschild and Ester Maas passed away today.
1844: One day after she had passed away, “Simha Harris,” the wife of Michael Harris with whom she had had six children was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.
1849(11th of Kislev, 5610): Julius Eduard Hitzig a German author and civil servant passed away. Born Isaac Elias Itzig) at Berlin in 1780, he was a member of the wealthy and influential Jewish Itzig family Between 1799 and 1806 he was a a Prussian civil servant, after which he became Criminal Counsel at the Berlin Supreme Court in 1815 and its director in 1825. In 1808 he established a publishing house and later a bookstore. He was very active in Berlin’s literary circles. Heinrich Heine, of all people, reportedly made fun of his name change.
1852: At the Greene Street Synagogue, Rabbi Morris Raphall preached a sermon based on the opening words of the 92nd Psalm, “It is good to give thanks unto the Lord –to sing praise unto Thy name, O most high!”
1855: Adam Mickiewizc, a noted Polish poet and ardent nationalist died today in Constantinople while working with his friend Armand Levy, to organize a Jewish legion, the Hussars of Israel, comprising Russian and Palestinian Jews. The legion was supposed to join in the fight against the Russians during the Crimean War. Polish nationalists believed that a Russian defeat would help undermine the authority of the Czar and help lead to the liberation of Poland. [Mickiewizc was not Jewish and I have not been able to find an explanation why he was organizing a Jews for this fight.]
1858: James (Jacob) Seligman, the son of David and Fanny Seligman and Rosa Seligman gave birth to Jefferson Seligman
1858: In London, Barnett Abrahams, the principal of Jews’ College, and his wife gave birth to Israel Abrahams, the Jewish scholar whose works included A Companion to the Authorized Prayer Book and Jewish Life in the Middle Ages.
1858: It was reported today that Rabbi Isaac Leeser, head of Beth El Emet has written a series of articles about the Mortara Affair that have appeared in the Philadelphia Ledger and that “indignation meetings in reference to the Mortara Affair" have been held. For more about the Mortara Affair see:
1858: In New York, members of the Jewish community expressed their indignation over the tactics used by the police when arresting three of their co-religionists on charges of selling lottery tickets. Among other things they were protesting the fact that the police had arrested a rabbi who was leading his congregation in prayers. The three have posted $1,000 in bail
1859: In Philadelphia, David Hays Solis and Elvira Nathan Solis gave birth to Emily Grace Solis, who became Emily Grace Solis Solis-Cohen when she married her cousin Dr. Solomon Solis-Cohen.
1861: During the Civil War, Samuel Alexander, who would later be killed in fighting at Dranesville, VA, completed a ninety day enlistment as an Assistant Surgeon with the 44th Regiment, part of the First Cavalry
1862: During the Civil War, Jonas H. Kaufman began his service as Assistant Surgeon with 151st Regiment of the Pennsylvania volunteers serving with the Union Army.
1862: Birthdate of Sir Marc Aurel Stein. Born in Budapest, Stein was a Hungarian Jewish archaeologist who became a British citizen. He was also a professor at various Indian universities. Stein was inspired by Sven Hedin's work, Through Asia.His travels and research in central Asia, particularly in Chinese Turkistan, revealed much about its strategic role in history. In 1906, Stein uncovered a group of mummified corpses near Loulan, in Central Asia. Their well-preserved bodies were clad in woolen garments and they wore tall felt hats decorated with jaunty feathers. The men were bearded and their facial features seemed European. Stein dated them to c.100 BC. When the Dunhuang Caves, China, closed for centuries, were reopened, he discovered 15,000 manuscripts (1907), including the Diamond Sutra, reputed to be the first dated printed book (868 A.D.). He passed away on October 26, 1943.
1876: It was reported today that the Hebrew Charities and Purim Association plan to sponsor a Hebrew Charity Ball next month at the Academy of Music.
1879: “The Man With The Evil Eye” published today described the exploits of “Albert Lavergene, alias Abraham Levy, an Alsatian Jew” who confessed to having stolen $30,000 worth of diamonds while living in France two years ago and who is known to his wife’s relatives as “the Jew” or “the man with the evil eye” because of the way he used to beat her.
1880: Luther R. Marsh will deliver a lecture entitled “On the Power of the Alphabet” at meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at Lyric Hall. (Marsh was prominent New York lawyer who developed an interest in Spiritualism. He was not Jewish)
1880: “Disraeli’s Latest Novel” published today provided a detailed review of Endymion by the Right Honorable Earl of Beaconsfield.
1881: It was reported today that the influx of immigrants from Russia is overwhelming the resources of the United Hebrew Charities. As many as 400 Jews have been arriving each week, most of whom are “destitute and helpless.”
1882: “Monmouth and the Wye” published today provides a brief history of medieval England that includes the reminder that “butchery of the helpless Jews at York, when the despairing wretches hurled their children from the battlements upon the howling murderers below and the slew each to the last man” “cannot drop from the memory of mankind….”
1883: The Baltimore Sun reported that the colony started for Russian Jewish immigrants in Middlesex County, Virginia has been abandoned.
1883: It was reported today that the current issue of the Nineteenth Century features Dr. Charles H.H. Wright’s Paper “The Jews and the Malicious Charge of Human Sacrifice” which “goes over the whole history of the recent outrages in Europe.”
1883: Robert Solomon, an Anglo-Jewish Cape Town diamond dealer arrived in New York this evening aboard SS Servia of the Cunard Line.
1883: It was reported today that “David Phillipson…who graduated from Hebrew Union College” last July “has accepted a call from a congregation in Baltimore, MD.
1884: It was reported today that three prizes – a diamond ring, a bracelet and a face pin – were awarded to the ladies who had sold the most tickets to this year’s grand ball, a charity event sponsored by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Society.
1885: During Thanksgiving services a large throng listened to an address by Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler at Temple Beth-El that reviewed the principles adopted by the Reform Rabbis at their meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.
1885: Birthdate of Heinrich Brüning, German Chancellor from 1930 to 1932 who, for whatever shortcomings he may have had, worked to keep Hitler from coming to power a stance that led to his self-imposed exile to avoid being arrested by the Nazis.
1886: In Munich,Joseph Schülein, the of Joel (Julius) Schülein and Jeanette Schülein, and his wife Ida gave birth to Elsa Haas, the wife of Dr. Alfred Haas.
1886: The New York Times featured a review of The Land the Book by William Thomson, a book that examines the material in the scriptures with the information gained by explorations in Palestine through 1880. While some of the information in the Old Testament is “not borne out by facts…many more points” in the Scripture “have been corroborated” that the results cannot have failed to find favor with Jews.
1888: As she went to visit her sister, eighteen year old Yetta Reiner, a Jewish girl who has been in the United States for two weeks, disappeared when she walked off with a Hebrew-speaking man on the corner of Norfolk and Hester Street who had offered “to get her a situation.”
1888: Leo Bamberger the master of ceremonies, introduced Moses May, the Chairman of the Fair Committee who introduced Brooklyn Mayor Alfred C. Chapin who officially opened the charity fair on Clermont Avenue that will raise funds of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.
1889: Police are expected to arrest Morris Kassofky who gave “a terrible beating” to Jacob Levy when the latter mistakenly tried to enter his apartment. They live in a building on Norfolk Street that is inhabited by Jewish immigrants from Poland.
1888: “The Hebrews’ Thanksgiving” published in the Washington Post notes that the Jewish Feast of Lights, this year Falls on the same date as Thanksgiving.
1888: It was reported today that the son of the “sexton who dwells in the basement of the synagogue” on 8th Street in Washington is suffering from typhoid fever.
1889: In Newark, NJ, founding of the Plaut Memorial Hebrew School which held classes daily from 4 to 7 p.m. and was led by Myer S. Hood, the Principle and Superintendent Myer S. Hood.
1890: “Friends of the Exiles” described the rejection of request made Jews to help their suffering co-religionists in Russia by the New York Bureau of the Siberian Exile Petition Association because “the work of the association…was done by petition” and “the work for the relief of the Jews required a different kind of effort.”
1890: Birthdate of Newark, NJ, native and New Jersey Law School trained attorney, Judge William Unterman, “the chairman of the Ninth Ward Democratic Club” and “President of the Third District of B’nai B’rith who was the husband of Esther Untermann, the “first woman police judge in the City of Newark,
1891 (25th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Mordecai Gimpel Jaffe passed away.
1892: “In the Czar’s Family” published today described the hope that by naming the Crown Prince as President of the Russian State Council “the repression of Jews…will eventually be relaxed.” (Things were always going to get better for Russian Jew – in the future!)
1892(7th of Kislev, 5653): Sixty year old Mortiz Wahrman the first Jew chosen to chosen a member of the Hungarian delegation and successful businessman who bequeathed 200,000 crowns to “benevolent societies and “600,000 crowns for the erection of a Jewish gymnasium (school) passed away today.
1893: “Seen in Ceylon” published today described the commercial life of this island state including “the keen-faced Jews with long, black ringlets” who “preside over stores of shining gems.”
1893: Professor Felix Adler “gave the second lecture in his series on religious leaders” entitled “Moses and the Prophets” to an overflow audience at the Music Hall in New York City.
1893: “Jews Expelled from Besieged Meililla” described the decision of the Spanish General to order all Jews to leave the Moroccan city as he battles against the Riffs -- a decision that is consistent with the behavior of "military commanders in Europe” who “rightly or wrongly” feel that the Jews are spies for their enemies.
1894: The will of Adolph Bernheimer which names his widow, his brother Lehman and William Rothschild as executors was filed for probate today.
1894: In Washington, DC, Solomon “Sol” Peyser and Eva Dux gave birth to Theodore Dux “Ted” Peyser who earned a law degree at the University of Virginia and served in WW I.
1894: Birthdate of “Ukrainian-born American trade unionist” Jacob Samuel Potofsky who served as president of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America from 1946 until 1972.
1894: In Columbia, MO, Leo Wiener and Bertha Kahn gave birth to child prodigy and famed mathematician Norbert Wiener. Among his many accomplishments, Weiner is known as the discoverer of cybernetics. President Johnson awarded him with the National Medal of Science two months before his death in 1964.
1896: The University of Wisconsin football team led by first year head coach Philip King, a Jewish native of Washington, DC played to a six-six tie against Northwestern in Evanston, Illinois.
1896(21st of Kislev, 5657): Joseph C. Wolf who was elected the State Assembly from the 16th District in 1892 and the State Senate in 1893 passed away today. Born in 1849, the native of Besancon, France and graduate of Columbia Law School enlisted in the Second New York Light Cavalry at the start of the Civil War serving with the Army of the Potomac.
1896: Temple Israel and the West End Synagogue will hold a joint Thanksgiving Service starting at 3 p.m.
1896: Temple Emanu-El will hold a Thanksgiving Service at 11 a.m.
1896: As part of day long holiday observance, the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society will hold a Thanksgiving Service at the synagogue on 11thAvenue and 151st Street.
1896: William Matthew Flinders Petrie married Hilda Urlin in London. This was the same year that he and his archaeological team were conducting excavations at Luxor when they discovered the “Israel’ or Merneptah Stele
1897: During the Dreyfus Affair, today the French minister of war “received the following anonymous letter: ‘Monsieur le Minstre: You will find in a chamber on the sixth story interesting document concerning the Dreyfus case’ signed “A Patriot”
1897: Through her lawyer Mr. Jullemier, Madame de Boulancy, cousin and former mistress of Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy, had decided to avenge her lover and debtor and sent to Senator Auguste Scheurer-Kestner letters from this officer, including the famous "letter of Uhlan". Scheurer-Kestner showed the letter to Pellieux, military commander of Paris, in charge of the administrative inquiry on Esterházy
1898: The Emperor and Empress of German arrive at Potsdam this morning on their return from Palestine where the Kaiser met with Herzl.
1899: Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a lecture this morning at Temple Emanu-El on “Are We Children of the Ghetto, or Children of the World?” which was a play on words using the name of the drama now appearing at a New York theatre.
1899: In Roxbury, MA, founding of the Helping Hand Temporary Home for Destitute Jewish Children at the corner of Fort Ave and Beech Glen.
1899: “Rosebery On Cromwell” published today provided the remarks made by Lord Rosebery at the ceremony celebrating the tercentenary of Oliver Cromwell including his observation that Cromwell “was the first Prince who reigned in England who welcomed and admitted Jews” a fact of which Jews and Englishmen are equally proud of as can be attested to by the presence of Sir Samuel Montagu, Lord Rothschild and Benjamin Cohen on the platform at the banquet honoring his memory.
1899: In Roxbury, MA, founding today of Helping Hand Temporary Home for Destitute Jewish Children located at Fort Avenue and Beech Glen.
1903: On Thanksgiving Professor Richard Gottheil delivered a lecture on Zionism at a Temple in New York City which “was accorded a most cordial reception.
1903: Birthdate of Alice Herz-Sommer, also known as Alice Sommer-Hertz and Alice Sommer, “a Czech pianist, music teacher and survivor of the Theresienstadt concentration camp.”
1904:Clarence Isaac de Sola, the “son of Cantor Abraham de Sola and Esther de Sola, and his wife Belle Maud de Sola gave birth to Jessica E. Mellor who was married to both Ronald David de Pass and Sir John Mellor.
1905: The First Jewish Colony on Manhattan Island published today described events that will be celebrated this Thanksgiving regarding “one of the most important events in Israel’s History” – the growth of New York’s Jewish population from 23 people to half a million.
1905: “The contributions to the fund for the relief of the Jewish sufferers from Russian massacres took another upward bound” today “under the impetus of additional collections from many cities, particularly Chicago, which by sending $20,000 more now leads in contributions outside of New York City, there have been forwarded from there in all $80,000.”
1905: It was reported today that the Jewish relief fund has raised $827,579 to help those suffering from the anti-Semitic violence sweeping Russia.
1905: When Blood Flowed Like Water at Odessa” published today provided an eye-witness account “of the awful scenes of carnage” when Russian gentiles attacked the Jews following the Czar’s proclamation granting the people a Constitution.
1909: Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.
1909: Birthdate of Moe Mizler the London born boxer who was the brother of “British lightweight champion Harry Mizler.
1911: Birthdate of Samuel “Sammy” Herman Reshevsky, the Polish born Jewish-American chess grandmaster who was a strong contender in the World Chess Championship competitions for a thirty year span.
1912(16th of Kislev, 5673): Eighty-four year old Baron George De Worms passed away.
1912: In Chicago, “the first regular meeting of the K.A.M. Auxiliary is scheduled to be held this after in the vestry rooms of the Temple where attendees will hear speakers present “A Practical Symposium on the High Cost of Living.”
1912: Simon Bloom was elected Mayor of Pine Bluff, Arkansas.
1912: Birthdate of playwright Eugene Ionesco. There is dispute about Ionesco’s Jewish origins. According to a sizeable body of evidence, Ionesco’s mother was a Romanian of Sephardic Jewish origin.
1913: Birthdate of Josefina Grunfeldova, who in 1942 was deported from Prague to Ujazdow where she was murdered by the Nazis.
1913: In a letter from the Chief Rabbi of Salonica to Prince Nicholas of Greece, the rabbi denies truth of charges of excesses committed by Greek soldiers, and declares he has not sought protection of powers for Jews of Salonica. Three months later the Greek Prime Minister, Venizelos, assured the Chief Rabbi that the rights of the Jews would be continued.
1913: Jesse Laksy forms The Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company in partnership with his brother-in-law Samuel Goldfish (later known as Sam Goldwyn) and his friend Cecil B. DeMille. The Squaw Man is the company’s first film and it is an instant hit. It is also the first movie filmed entirely in Hollywood, California.
1914: While fighting on the Western Front during WW I, Lt. F.A. De Pass, a Jewish officer from London “went forward to a sap-head in the front line to repair a parapet that had been damaged. Seeing a German sniper at work, he tried to shoot him, but was himself shot through the head and killed.” He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross, the British equivalent of the American Congressional Medal of Honor, for his bravery in the face of the enemy.
1914: Harry Baff charged today that his father Barnett Baff had been shot dead “at the instigation of a clique of retail poultry buyers” referred to as the “kosher killers.”
1915: It was reported today that there were 300,000 starving Jews in Poland and that “5 cents a day would provide succor for one war victim.”
1915: “Isadore Hershfield of New York” the official representatives of Jewish relief societies of America arrived in Berlin today “on a mission of relief for the Jews in the war areas of Poland and Galicia.”
1916(1st of Kislev, 5677): Rosh Chodesh Kislev
1916: The list of contributions received by The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War published today including $22 from the Congregation Sons of Israel in Frostburg, MD, and $76 from the Congregation Sons of Israel in Dallas, TX.
1916: In “Half of War-Stricken Poland’s Population Destitute” published today, Dr. Judah L. Magnes reported that in Poland, “there is no work that a Jew can do…and thousands are starving.”
1916: This afternoon, Harry H. Schlacht of the East Side Protective Association announced “arrangements for a great peace meeting” which will be held at Public School 4 and whose attendees will include Jacob H. Schiff.
1916: According to an announcement made today the American Jewish Committee “a Russian Jew named Gershenovitz…who was sentenced in 1914 to six years of penal servitude because he was accused of have helped he Germans” was acquitted by the Chief Military Court based “on evidence gathered by O.O. Grusenberg, a lawyer.”
1916: During today’s meeting “of the Reichstag main committee it was pointed out that large numbers of Jews in Poland” who are not working “might be profitably employed in manufacturing” which help alleviate the shortage of laborers but would also prove beneficial to the Jews as well.
1917: It was reported today that Adolph Lewisohn has donated his home at 881 Fifth Avenue to house the bazaar which be hosted next month by Temple Emanu-El to reduce expenses so that the maximum amount of money can “go to the relief of Jewish war sufferers and for welfare work among American soldiers and sailors.”
1917: Jan Kucharzewski who would tell an interviewer from “the Jewish press” that he was not an anti-Semite became Prime minister of Poland today.
1917: In Great Britain, the Manchester Guardian printed the text of the Sykes-Picot Agreement – the secret document that determined how the Ottoman Empire would be divided between the UK and France after World War.
1918: Dr. Solomon Oppenheimer, the Superintendent of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum who has just returned from Palestine, gives a report on the condition of the Jews in Eretz Israel.
1918: Rabbi Hyman Gerson Enelow, a member of the Overseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board, wrote from France today, “There are so few Jewish workers here I regard it a duty to remain here as long as possible. It has not been possible to do much for” for those who suffered from the tribulation of the War.
1919: “Madame DuBarry” a silent film biopic directed by Ernst Lubitsch was released today in Denmark.
1920: Two days after he had passed away, Robert Hodes, the husband of Leah Hodes, with whom he had had three children, was buried today at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland.”
1921: The peace treaty between the United States and Austria which ended World War I between these two nations was registered with the League of Nations. The separate treaty was needed because the U.S. Senate, in a further act of the isolationism that would indirectly lead to WW II, had “refused to ratify the multilateral Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye of 1919.”
1922: In an article entitled “Palestine Industries Thriving Capital and Settlers Needed” Dr. Arthur Ruppin notes the changes that have taken place since Herzl called for the establishment of a Jewish homeland 25 years ago at the first Zionist Congress. While “towns of thousands houses have grown up on neglected ground” the need to develop irrigation projects and travel facilities represent the biggest challenge for future development as well as creating investment opportunities for foreign financiers.
1923: “The Wanters” a drama from the silent film ear directed by John M. Stahl, produced by Louis B. Mayer and co-starring Norma Shearer was released in the United States today.
1924: Birthdate of George Segal, sculptor lifelike mixed-media figures.
1924: Ted “Kid” Lewis (born Gershon Meneloff) lost both the British and European Welterweight crowns.
1925: Birthdate of pianist Eugene Istomin. He was an American pianist born in New York City of Russian-Jewish parents. He was famous for his work in the trio, with Isaac Stern and Leonard Rose, known as the Istomin-Stern-Rose Trio, with whom he made many recordings, and particularly of music by Beethoven, Brahms and Schubert. He also played with them in orchestral music, with conductors such as Eugene Ormandy Bruno Walter and also as a soloist. He passed away in 2003.
1926: In an article entitled “Palestine Industry Thriving,” Arthur Ruppin describes the social and economic progress that has been in Eretz Israel in the 25 years following Herzl opened the founding Zionist conference in Basel, Switzerland.
1926: Birthdate date of Albert Maysles, the native of Boston, who teamed with his younger brother David to produce award winning documentary films.
1928: In Moscow, “Andrei Navrozov, a writer, and the former Dina Minz, a neuropathologist” gave birth to their only child “translator and Soviet dissident” Lev Navrozov who in more than one publication claimed that while serving as Israel’s Ambassador to the Soviet Union, Golda Meir “had given Stalin a list of Russian Jews who would fight for Israel” and who then “disappeared at the hands of Stalin’s organs of state security.”
1928: It was reported today that “Dr. Louis Finkelstein of the Jewish Theological Seminary” said “the condition of present-day Judaism” was like “a leaky ship” and that it was becoming apparent that the ship that was built tin the ghetto must undergo reconstruction for” use in America.
1928: The Jewish Telegraphic Agency reports that evidence presented during the trial of a “communist named Teichman” the Druze Rebellion against the French mandatory government in Syria received financial and moral support from Communist groups in Palestine.
1931: Dr. Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leader, in a lecture today before the Keren Hajessod for the Rhineland and Westphalia on the present states of Jewry and Zionism, said the unhappy position of the Jews in Germany was really no different from their position everywhere in the world.
1933: Funeral services were held today “at Temple Adath Israel, in the Bronx” for seventy-three year old Russian born Rabbi Bernhard Rabbino who served congregations in several small towns including Keokuk, IA and Brunswick, GA, before becoming a lawyer and champion of the established of the “Domestic Relations Courts in New York” and who was the husband of “the former Anna Ladewig” with whom he had had four daughters.”
1934: Release date for the cinematic version of Fannie Hurst’s novel Imitation of Life directed by John M. Stahl and produced by Carl Laemmle, Jr.
1935: The Nuremberg Laws which were aimed Jews “were extended to ‘Gypsies, Negroes or their bastard offspring.’”
1936: Birthdate of Yitzhak Yitzhaky, the native of Tiberias, the founder of and director of “Idud, a village for intellectually challenged children” who was an MK.
1936: Nathan D. Perlman was “appointed as a justice of the Court of Special Sessions of the City of New York” today, a position to which he was reappointed in 1945.
1936: For a second time, “the local rabbinical council protested to the Governor, Marshall Italo Balbo over the order that all shops in Tripoli are to remain open on all days of the week expect for Sunday which will force the Jewish merchants to violate their Sabbath or leave the new part of the city.
1937(22nd of Kislev, 5698): Fifty-eight year old Yakov Ganetsky, the son of a Jewish factory owner, who joined the Bolshevik movement and became a close associate of Vladimir Lenin “was executed today” during Stalin’s Great Purge which was designed to consolidate the Dictator’s power and which had a distinctly anti-Semitic tinge.
1937: The Palestine Post reported that three Jews were wounded when Arab terrorists shot at a crowded bus, traveling from Nesher to Haifa, and escaped.
1937: In another example of the anti-Semitism that was endemic to European society, the Palestine Post reported that a large number of Jews were again attacked and beaten in various towns in Lithuania.
1938: “Angels with Dirty Faces” a gangster film with a twist directed by Michael Curtiz, produced by Samuel Bischoff and with music by Max Steiner was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.
1938: In Pittsburgh, during the annual convention of Junior Hadassah, four speakers each agreed that “Jewish young people of American must pool their energies in a ‘fight for democracy’ and promote Zionism.”
1938: Today “the National Republican Club adopted a resolution condemning the ‘relapse into barbarianism of the present rulers in Germany.’”
1939: “Two Pioneers of Russian Music” published today provides Howard Taubman’s a review of Free Artist: The story of Anton and Nicholas Rubinstein by Catherine Drinken Bowen.
1939: Dr. Mordecai Soltes, Harry Grayer, Dr. Jacob I. Steinberg, Herman Z. Quittman and Nathan Seidelman are scheduled this afternoon’s meeting of the Order of Sons of Zion in Greater New York at the Hotel Astor.
1939: Dr. Henry G. Knight, Dr. Gabriel Davidson, Professor O.S. Morgan and Dr. Carl B. Woodward are scheduled to speak at the memorial service for Dr. Jacob Goodale at Temple Emanu-El.
1939: At Congregation Emanu-El in New York, Rabbi B. Benedict Glazer is scheduled to speak on “The Promise of American Life.
1939: At the Free Synagogue which holds services at Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise is scheduled to speak on “Happiness and Character: Do They Destroy Each Other?”
1939: At Congregation B’nai Jeshurun in New York, Rabbi Israel Goldstein is scheduled to speak on “Information Please: A Jewish Intelligence Test.”
1939: At Congregation Rodeph Sholom in New York, Ludwig Lewisohn is scheduled to speak on “The Answer to Israel’s Enemies.”
1939: At the West End Synagogue in New York, “Rabbi Hyman Judah Schachtel will review John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath at a lecture-forum service.”
1939: In New York at the Astor Hotel “a resolution” introduced by Herman Z. Quittman, executive director of the Sons Zion, “calling on the British Government to admit 50,000 Jewish refugee families from Eastern and Central Europe into Palestine in the next twelve months was unanimously adopted” this “afternoon by 200 delegates to the annual conference of Eastern leaders of the Sons of Zion, a national Zionist group” described the desperate plight of Jews living in Nazi Germany where there has been no organized immigration for Jews since last year and where mothers and wives do not know the fate of their sons and husbands. “Our people have been pushed back and forth over the borders. Palestine is the only country in the world where the arrival of Jewish refugees is greeted with rejoicing and festivities.”
1939: “The third week of the 1939 merged appeal of the New York and Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities was ushered in” tonight “with a dinner in the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel attended by 1,200 representatives of the radio, music, refrigeration and allied industries including David Sarnoff, Arthur Murray and Benjamin Abrams.
1939: “1,000 Refugees on Vulcania” published today described the hopes of 1,000 German Jews fleeing the Nazis who have sailed from Genoa to settle in the United States.
1939: In Baltimore, MD, Miss Gisela Warburg, the niece of the late Felix Warburg, who has just returned from Europe where she helped with Youth Aliyah, told those attending the sixteenth annual convention of Junior Hadassah
1939: ‘More than a thousand members of the Jewish community of Teschen, Germany” have been given two more weeks to prepare for their deportation to Poland.
1939: In South Bend, Indiana, Gertrude and Herman Boorda, gave birth to Admiral Jeremy Michael Boorda, “the 25th Chief of Naval Operations” and “the first American sailor to have risen through the enlisted ranks to become Chief of Naval Operations,” the top position in the United States Navy.
1939: “Death Decreed for Jews Who Fail to Wear Armbands or Ignore Curfew” published today described the edict issued in German occupied Poland that “any Jew leaving his home without a special permit between 5 pm and 8 am may be punished by death” and that Jews failing “to wear a broad yellow arm band” will also face the death penalty.
1939: “Cantor Kusewitsky Is Safe” published today brought word that Moijzez Kusewitsky, the chief cantor of Poland and the cousin of Mrs. Isior Achron has not been by the German bombing of Warsaw but has escaped with his family to Bucharest.
1939: “May Send Mail to Poland” published today described a cablegram from Arnold M. Kaiser, secretary of the Polish Fund of London that included the assertion that letters for those living in Upper Silesia and Danzig maybe sent through the federation which will forward them to Geneva before they reach their final destination in Poland.
1940: British Secretary of State for the Colonies Lord Lloyd calls those who are working to save Jewish lives by illegally transporting them to Palestine "foul people who had to be stamped out."
1940: The Nazis forced 500,000 Warsaw Jews to live in walled ghetto.
1940: “Nearly 600 people, including leaders from the judiciary, education and Newark’s political and social life” attended a dinner-dance at the Essex House which was a celebration of Judge William Untermann’s fiftieth birthday.
1941: A fleet of six aircraft carriers commanded by Japanese Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo left Hitokapu Bay under strict radio silence. On December 7th, the world would find out that their destination was Pearl Harbor. The arrival of the fleet would usher in America’s entrance into World War II and all that would flow from that.
1941: The recapture of Rostov by Russian forces marked the first major setback suffered by Germany in World War II, 1941. The German blitz had moved unchecked across the Soviet Union since June of 1941. By stopping the Nazis at Rostov, the Soviets forced the German Army to suffer through a Russian Winter from for which it was ill-prepared. The Germans would resume their offensive in the Spring of 1942 but the Wehrmacht would have been depleted just enough that it would fail a year later at Stalingrad which would mark the beginning of the end for the German military. Unfortunately, none of these military setbacks would slow down the pace of the Final Solution.
1942: A ship called the Donausailed from Oslo’s Pier 1 carrying 532 Norwegian Jews, now classified as prisoners all of whom would end up in Concentration Camps.
1942 Norwegian police forces under the direction of the Gestapo handed 532 Jewish prisoners to the SS at Pier 1 in Oslo harbor. The ship was under the command of Untersturmführer Klaus Grossmann and Oberleutnant Manig. Men and women were put in separate holds on the ship, where they were deprived of basic sanitary conditions and mistreated by the soldiers. Only 9 of the prisoners survived the Second World War.
1942: At dawn, in Norway, the Quisling police returned to the home of Isak Plesansky, the founder and proprietor of the Tonsberg Clothing School and arrested his wife, daughter and son. All of them would be gassed at Auschwitz within the month.
1942: ''Casablanca,'' starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York. The Jewish connections with this film classic are so numerous that this should only be considered a partial list. Jewish actors included Peter Lorre, S.Z."Cuddles" Sakall, and Leonid Kinskey. Conrad Veidt was not Jewish but his wife was. Michael Curtiz, a Hungarian Jew, was the director. The script was a product of Jewish writers Julius and Philip Epstein. The inspiration for the movie came from a play by Murray Bennett. Bennett got the idea after going to Vienna to help Jewish relatives after the Aunschluss in 1938. The score was written by Max Steiner…and that will have to do for now.
1942: Jews in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland, who are lured from hiding places by Nazi promises of no retribution, are taken to a synagogue, locked inside, and subjected to random gunfire by Ukrainians.
1943: Birthdate of producer and director Bruce Paltrow, a native of Brooklyn, a graduate of Tulane University where he is a member of Sigma Alpha Mu Fraternity and a producer who was responsible for two of television’s best dramatic series - The White Shadow and St. Elsewhere. He also directed several episodes of Homicide as well as full length motion pictures. He died in 2002 after battling cancer.
1944: In an interview given today on the eve of his 70thbirthday, Dr. Chaim Weizmann said that “any blueprint for the future of what is left of the Jewish people should include allowing at least 100,000 refugees settle in Palestine annually and that this “must be undertaken by the United Nations as a measure of historic justice. He said that this is the least that is owed to the Jewish people “whose agony in Hitler’s Europe during this war needs no elaboration.” When he used the term “agony” Weizmann could have included the loss of his son Michael who died while serving with the RAF.
1944: Government officials announced that “twelve more arrests were made today in Tel Aviv and Haifa during continued police searches for suspects connected with” what they described as underground political terrorist groups.
1944: As World War II entered its last phase, the Germans decided to hide all evidence of the mass murders. On orders from Himmler the gas chambers and crematoria at Auschwitz and Birkenau were blown up.
1945: In a personal letter bearing today’s date Nathan Shilkret wrote to his wife about why he undertook the Genesis Project including the insights that “it was never intended to be a work of musical art” but rather a creation intended “to appeal to all record buyers.”
1945: Jewish underground blows up police headquarters and several electric power stations.
1945: Mandatory government sends troops to search for arms in Jewish settlements in Sharon and Samaria.
1945: Soviet Union proposes submission of the Arab-Jewish problem to Big Five Conference.
1945: Polish Jews announce in Italy that they intend to proceed to Palestine by any means.
1946(3rd of Kislev, 5707): Stephen Theodore Norman, the only grandson of Theodor Herzl, plunged to his death off a Massachusetts Avenue Bridge in Washington D.C. at the age of 28. During WWII, Norman had served as a Captain in the British Army. He visited Palestine in late 1945 and 1946. Severe depression brought on by the Holocaust and the plight of the Jews after World War II ended led to severe depression which led to his final moments.
1949: Birthdate of Shlomo Artzi an Israeli folk rock singer-songwriter and composer. Born in Moshav Alonei Abba he has sold over 1.5 million albums, making him one of Israel's most successful male singers matching the success of his sister Nava Semel the author of Kova Zekhukhit (Hat of Glass) which was the first published work in Israel that addressed topics of the children of Holocaust survivors
1950: Rabbi Theodore Friedman is scheduled to speak at a Youth Aliyah Dinner-Dance at the Henry Hudson Hotel sponsored by The North Hudson New Jersey chapter of Hadassah
1951: The Tales of Hoffmann “a British Technicolor film adaptation of Jacques Offenbach's opera The Tales of Hoffmann,” co-directed by Emeric Pressburger was released today in the United Kingdom.
1952:The Jerusalem Post reported that in the Knesset Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion sharply attacked Mapam in the debate on the Prague trial, accusing it of duplicity and inability to face the truth about the Soviet regime. The Knesset, by an overwhelming majority, adopted a resolution expressing “its sense of shock at the trial now proceeding in Prague, which had struck at the Jewish people... and on the attempts to bring into disrepute the good name of the State of Israel.”
1952: In Bonn, “entrepreneur and tobacco industrialist Philipp Fürchtegott Reemtsma” and his wife gave birth to Jan Philipp Reemtsma “who hired a researcher” at the start of the 21st century to examine the art collection he inherited from his father to make sure that none of it had been looted by the Nazis from its rightful owners, many of whom would have been Jewish.
1952: “Time Out For Ginger” a comedy starring Melvyn Douglas (Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg) opened on Broadway today at the Lyceum Theatre.
1953(19th of Kislev, 5714): Seventy-nine year old Mary Grossmann Buxbaum, the daughter of Ignaz and Anna Rosenbaum Grossman and the wife of Louis Buxbaum passed away today after which she was buried in Mount Sinai Cemetery in Cuyahoga County, Ohi.
1954: Dr. Nelson Glueck, president of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, said that through the use of dense settlement and exploitation of natural resources Israel's southern Negev desert could be restored to its ancient prosperity.
1954: Birthdate of Rosalind "Roz" Chast, the Flatbush native who became an award winning cartoonist for The New Yorker.
1956:Sixteen-year-old Ellery Schempp refused to listen or to participate in the mandatory Bible-reading exercise of his high school in the Abington School District outside of Philadelphia. According to one source, Schempp was disciplined for reading from the Koran during his high school’s mandatory Bible reading time. After being severely disciplined by the district administrators, Ellery and his family initiated a lawsuit that would ultimately make its way to the Supreme Court of the United States. The defendants were the authorities of the Abington School District. In the end, the Supreme Court ruled that religious recitations and prayers of any kind were in violation of the Constitution of the United States if practiced in public schools. Schempp was raised as a Unitarian. “The minor rebellion led to a landmark Supreme Court case that (much to the relief of many Jewish students) outlawed school-sponsored prayer.
1958: Birthdate of David Asper, a Canadian businessman and lawyer who has served as the Executive Vice President of the Canadian media company CanWest Global Communications Corp and as Chairman of the National Post newspaper and a Professor at the Robson Hall Faculty of Law at the University of Manitoba. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Asper is the eldest son of the late Izzy Asper, founder of CanWest Global. He is the brother of Leonard Asper, current president of CanWest Global. In the mid-1980s, Asper represented David Milgaard, who was wrongfully convicted of murder in 1970. With Asper arguing the case before the Supreme Court of Canada, Milgaard's conviction was overturned in 1992. Asper endorsed Toronto Conservative candidate and former Global news anchor Peter Kent in the 2006 Canadian federal election. Asper is a former trustee of the Fraser Institute. Asper is also one of the main proponents behind building a new stadium for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. If his stadium proposal is accepted Asper will spend $100,000,000 of his own money to finance part of the stadium and build a shopping complex on the stadium grounds. In exchange he would become owner of the team, who are currently community owned. He is currently in negotiations with the football clubs board of governors over his stadium proposal. Asper is married to Ruth Asper and has a 2 sons and a daughter: Daniel, Rebecca, and Max.
1959(25th of Cheshvan, 5720): Seventy-eight year old Austrian born Columbia University trained “physician and surgeon” Dr. Joseph F. Saphir, the former “chief of proctology at Manhattan State Hospital” and the husband of Elsa Saphir with whom he had had three daughters passed away today.
1960: In Newark, Delaware Elaine "Leni", a social worker, and William Markell, who taught accounting at the University of Delaware gave birth to Jack Alan Markell, the 73rdGovernor of the state of Delaware.
1960: ITV network transmitted the last episode of “The Strange World of Gurney Slade” starring Anthony Newley who “devised the British comedy series.”
1961(18th of Kislev, 5722): Anglo-Jewish Zionist leader Israel Cohen who “from 1909 to the beginning of World War II Cohen directed the English department of the Zionist Central Office in Cologne and later in Berlin” and whose exciting life was chronicled in A Jewish Pilgrimage: The Autobiography of Israel Cohen passed away today.
1963(10th of Kislev, 5724): Sixty-seven year old Dr. Otto Saphir, the Viennese born “director of the Department of Pathology at Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center” and husband of Ethel Saphir with whom he had had two children passed away today.
1964(21st of Kislev, 5725): Sixty-nine year old “Dr. Joseph L. Fink, the Springfield, OH born son of “Rabbi Mendel and Tillie Kagen Fiinkelstein and husband of Janice Gutfruend and the rabbi emeritus of Temple Beth Zion in Buffalo, NY passed away today.
1964(21st of Kislev, 5725): Sixty-one year old Herbert Solow the editor of the Menorah Journal who went from being a follower of Trotsky to an editor of Fortune passed away today.
1965: “My Ship Is Comin’ In” a song written by Joey Brooks was released today in the United Kingdom.
1966(13th of Kislev, 5727): Parashat Vayishlach
1966(13th of Kislev, 5727): Seventy-six year old Galician Poland native Dr. Morris Teller, the son of Samuel and Annie Teller who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania after which he was ordained at JTS where he also received advanced degrees before serving as rabbi of the South Side Hebrew Congregation and who was the husband of “the former Nellie Ruby and the father of Sheldon Teller passed away today.
1966: NBC broadcast “Fame Is the Name of the Game” a mystery movie directed by Stuart Rosenberg.
1973: “Rachael Lily Rosenbloom (And Don't You Ever Forget It)” with Ellen Greene in the title role has its first pre-Broadway performance tonight.
1975: An ABC show titled "Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell" was cancelled today.
1976(4th of Kislev, 5737): Eighty-four year old Vanderbilt University Medical School graduate, Julius A. Haiman, “an ear, nose and throat specialist” and adjunct professor at Polyclinic Hospital passed away today.
1976: The Organizing Committee of the symposium on Jewish culture appealed to a number of international organizations and public figures with a call for support.
1977: “A passage featured in Nelson Algren's 1983 book The Devil's Stocking was broadcast during the Southern Television hoax which generated international publicity when students interrupted the regular broadcast through the Hannington transmitter of the Independent Broadcasting Authority in England for six minutes” today.
1980: Two months are premiering in the United States, “Without Warning” a sci-fi film co-starring Martin Landau was released in France.
1981: Boris Chernobylskii, who had previously been “detained on the street” and kept in the police station for two days “was arrested in Moscow” today after which the Moscow Municipal Court sentenced him to 12 months of imprisonment.
1982: The New York Times reported that the number of Jewish day schools was “on the rise, especially among the Orthodox as they catered to the growing number of Orthodox youths, including the children of Soviet, Israeli and Iranian immigrants.”
1982:Howard Cossell called his last fight after being disgusted by the Larry Holmes-Tex Cobb mismatch.
1986: The New Yorker Magazine published "The Way We Live Now" a short story about AIDS written by Jewish author Susan Sontag.
1986: “Solarbabies,” a sci-fi film co-starring Jamie Gertz was released in the United States today.
1986: U.S. premiere of “The Mosquito Coast” produced by Saul Zaenta and featuring Jason Alexander who would gain fame as “George Constanza” on “Seinfeld.”
1986: The trial of John Demjanjuk opened in the Jerusalem District Court today.
1987: Five people were injured in the bombing of a military bus stop in Israel.
1988(17th of Kislev, 5749): Seventy-six year old Werner Julius Seligmann, the son of Frantz Seligmann and Erna Seligmann and husband of Irma Seligmann passed away today in Notevideo.
176: Emperor Marcus Aurelius grant his son Commodus the rank of Imperator and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions. To the world at large Marcus Aurelius was “the philosopher-king” or “philosophical but impractical” ruler, but to the Jews he was just Roman emperor who held them in contempt describing them as “’Stinking and tumultuous!’” to his companions as he traveled through Judea. The dissolute nature of Commodus has become well known to all through the film “Gladiator.” Commodus showed his ineptitude in his failed attempt to defeat the Parthians, Rome’s eastern enemy whose empire reached to the borders of Palestine. Unable to defeat an armed enemy in the field, Commodus began fresh persecutions of the Jews living there denying them, among other things, the right to use their courts of justice.
1095: First Crusade proclaimed by the Council of Clermont. By now everybody should be aware of the fact that the Crusades ushered in a period of death and destruction for the Jews of Europe and Eretz Israel.
1198(Kislev, 4959): Rabbeinu Abraham ben David known by the abbreviation RABaD (for Rabbeinu Abraham ben David) passed away. Born in Provence, France in 1125, he was a Provençal rabbi, a great commentator on the Talmud, Sefer Halachot of Rabbi Yitzhak Alfasi and Mishne Torah of Maimonides, and is regarded as a father of Kabbalah and one of the key and important links in the chain of Jewish mystics
1308: Henry VII who “was presented with a scroll of the Law by a delegation of Jews from Rome which had gone to meet him began” began his reign as King of the Romans
1614: In Frankfurt, Vincenz Fettmilch, the ringleader of the Fettmilch Rising during which the Judengasse was attacked looted, was arrested along with 38 of his followers and “charged for their persecution of the Jews.” (They would eventually be executed. The authorities really were not upset about his attack on the Jews. What got him into trouble was when he was perceived as a threat to the Emperor and the ruling order.
1688 (4th of Kislev): Rabbi Elijah Kovo of Salonika, author of Aderet Eliyahu, passed away
1710: Birthdate of Robert Lowth, the Bishop of the Church of England who 1754 was awarded a Doctorate in Divinity by Oxford University, for his treatise on Hebrew poetry entitled Praelectiones Academicae de Sacra Poesi Hebraeorum (On the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews) which derives from a series of lectures that were published by George Gregory in 1787 as "Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews".
1755: An English merchant named Joseph Salvador bought 10,000 acres near Fort Ninety-Six, in the southern part of the Carolina Colony. In 1773, Joseph Salvador would send his nephew Francis Salvador to South Carolina to develop the land as an indigo plantation. At the outbreak of the American Revolution the wealthy young aristocrat joined the fight for independence. He died of wounds in August of 1776 while fighting the Cherokee allies of the British. The following words were etched on his tombstone: Born an aristocrat he became a democrat, An Englishman he cast his lot with America; True to his ancient faith, he gave his life for new hopes of liberty and human understanding.”
1757: Birthdate of William Blake, English poet, painter and printmaker.Controversy surrounds Blake’s grasp of Jewish mysticism. It seems pretty clear that Blake’s art and writing invoke Kabbalah, but scholars debate how Blake accessed the Jewish mystical concepts he quoted. Some argue that the dozen or so Hebrew inscriptions in Blake’s etchings and watercolors show that Blake was fluent in Hebrew. But close analysis of the works, some of which are on exhibit at The Morgan Library & Museum, reveals that Blake had not even mastered the letter alef. Reading Kabbalah in Hebrew without knowing the first letter of the alef-bet would be as implausible as tackling “Finnegans Wake” with barely a grasp of the English alphabet. Arguments that Blake knew Hebrew date back to Frederick Tatham, who cared for Catherine after Blake’s death in 1827. In a letter to bookseller Frances Harvey, Tatham said that Blake’s library included “well thumbed” books in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French and Italian, as well as works by Swedenborg and Christian mystic Jacob Boehme. “His knowledge was immense, his industry beyond parallel,” Tatham wrote. Modern scholars echo Tatham’s claim. Writing in the journal Modern Philology in 1951, David V. Erdman ascribed “some Hebrew” to Blake, particularly the knowledge that beth-lehem means “house of bread.” “We know that Blake knew a little Hebrew,” Anthony Blunt agreed, writing in the Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes in 1943, “for he wrote to his brother in 1803 that he was learning the Hebrew alphabet, and his etching of the Laocoön [a copy of the sculpture “Laocoön and His Sons”] bears a few words in Hebrew script.” In his book “The New Apocalypse: The Radical Christian Vision of William Blake (The Davies Group, Publishers, 2000), Thomas J. J. Altizer suggests not only that Blake knew Hebrew, but also that he was self-taught.But the work that Blunt cites as proof of Blake’s proficiency in Hebrew, “Laocoön” — a circa 1820 print depicting snakes strangling the famous Trojan priest and his two sons — is one of the best pieces of evidence that Blake did not know Hebrew. Writing “malakh Jehovah,” which he translated as “The Angel of the Divine Presence,” Blake inadvertently rotated the alef 90 degrees on its y-axis. He spelled “Lilit” (Lilith) correctly, but he miswrote “Jeshua” (Jesus) with another rotated letter, this time an ayin (the 16th letter). “Laocoön” does not appear in the Morgan show, but an etching from Blake’s Job series does. In an etching from Blake’s Job series, the artist again wrote “The Angel of the Divine Presence,” but this time he wrote the Hebrew “melekh Jehovah,” which means King Jehovah, rather than malakh (with an alef), the Angel of Jehovah. In “William Blake’s Illustrations of the Book of Job,” S. Foster Damon says that Blake intentionally removed the alef to show that Job was worshipping a false God — mistaking an angel for the king. But could Blake really have known enough Hebrew to distinguish between “melekh” and “malakh,” when he revealed in “Laocoön” that he didn’t even know how to form the letter properly? “Job’s Evil Dreams,” features a bearded figure with hooves encircled by a snake. The figure hovers above a reclining man and points with its right index finger to the Ten Commandments. Though Blake wrote out only two of the commandments in full, the inscriptions contain more than a dozen mistakes. One line contains a properly and an improperly formed alef, a further inconsistency suggesting that Blake was copying a language he did not understand. “Blake did study Hebrew with his one-time patron, William Hayley, but scholars are not agreed about his proficiency in the language,” explained Leslie Tannenbaum, associate professor of English at Ohio State University and author of “Biblical Tradition in William Blake’s Early Prophecies: The Great Code of Art” (Princeton University Press, 1982). According to Tannenbaum, the late Gerald Bentley, a Blake scholar who taught at Princeton University, implied in a biography that Blake was “fairly fluent” in Hebrew. But Tannenbaum also notes that Sheila A. Spector, whom he describes as “an extremely meticulous scholar and expert on Blake and the Kabbalah,” writes that Blake did not know the biblical language.In Blake’s preface to the chapter “To the Jews,” from the poem “Jerusalem,” Tannenbaum sees references to the kabbalistic concept of Adam Kadmon (the primordial man). Blake learned Kabbalah from Swedenborg’s writings on Boehme, who seems to have been influenced by Balthasar Walther, Tannenbaum adds, and Blake also identified with the Avignon Society, which sought science and reason “in such unlikely places as alchemical lore, cabbalistic numerology, mesmerist séances, Swedenborgian spiritualism, and (perhaps most surprising of all) the Scriptures.” In “Wonders Divine: The Development of Blake’s Kabbalistic Myth” (Bucknell University Press, 2001) Spector, an adjunct associate professor at New York University, agrees that Blake’s kabbalistic sources were Christian rather than Jewish, and English rather than Hebrew. Further, Blake was “unfortunately” influenced by his contemporary Anglo-Israelites, who thought that English derived from Hebrew “and that the language of the Jews was a spurious version in which the rabbis obscured the ‘true Christian’ message to be found in the Bible,” Spector said.“Under the circumstances, the question of whether or not Blake was fluent in Hebrew misses the point,” she added. “He rejected normative Hebrew in favor of the linguistic gymnastics that re-interpreted words to conform with some eccentric – to be charitable – interpretations that coordinated Hebrew and English, as well as Greek, etymologies to proffer a new interpretation of Scripture.” (As reported by Menachem Wecker)
1785(25th of Kislev, 5546): Channukah
1798 (19th of Kislev, 5559):Rabbi Shneur Zalman founder of Chabad Lubavitch was released from a St Petersburg jail. He had been arrested on charges of high treason for allegedly sending money to the Czar’s enemy, the Sultan of Turkey. In reality he was sending money to Jews living in Eretz Israel which was part of Turkey at the time. Shneur Zalman is the author of two works Tanya and Likkute Torah which describe the philosophy of the Chabad movement. Chabad is an acronym for the Hebrew words Chokhmah (wisdom), Binah (understanding) and Da’at (Wisdom). Lubavitch is the name of the town in which the Descendants of Dov Baer, the Maggid of Mezhirech, Shneur Zalman’s “teacher” settled. In 1798, November 27 corresponded to the 19th day of Kislev. Ever since then Chabad Lubavitchers mark YUD-TET KISLEV (19th of Kislev) as day of joy and celebration.
1804: Birthdate of Sir Julius Benedict, the German born highly successful English composer and conductor who was knighted in 1871.
1804: While serving in the United States Navy, today, Gershom R. Jacques was promoted from “Surgeon’s Mate” to “Surgeon.”
1814: Judah Elias Piza and Rachel Piza, the parents of David and Elias Piza were married today.
1815: Birthdate of Simon Hock, the Prague born businessman who created a history of the Jews of Bohemia.
1819: Leopold Zuns and Eduard Gans founded the Verein fuer Cultur und Wissenschaft der Juden, (The Society for Culture and Science of Judaism). It delved into Jewish history, culture and literature using scientific methods of criticism and assessment. The Society lasted less than five years. Gans and many others converted to Christianity.
1830: Joseph Mérilhou, the French official who successfully got the Deputies to adopt legislation treating Judaism on equal footing with Christianity when it came to public financial support for synagogues and rabbis completed his term as Minister of Public Education.
1834: Birthdate of Michael Bernays, the Hamburg born lawyer who displayed an expertise in matters pertaining to Shakespeare and Beethoven and who unlike his brother Jakob, converted to Christianity.
1837: Birthdate of Ludwig Loewe, who began as manufacturer of sewing machines and then became major arms maker whose employees included Georg Luger, the inventor of the famous “Luger” pistol.
1839: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi Poznanski officiated at the marriage of Jacob Suares and Isabella Nathans.
1844: Five days after she had passed away in Paris, 32 year old Mary (Montefiore) Mocatta, the wife of Benjamin Mocatta, was buried today “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”
1846: A wagon train owned and commanded by Albert Speyer, a Prussian born Jew, arrived at San Juan de los Lagos, Mexico, in time for the pre-Christmas fair where he sold his merchandize, “reloaded the wagons with Mexican goods – mainly silver curios and sugar – and returned to Chihuahua” Mexico.
1853: An editorial entitled “The Arrest of Rabbi Asche” published today questioned the methods used by the authorities when they arrested Rabbi Asche and two other Jews on charges of selling lottery tickets. The editorial supported the concept of law and order but thought the police could have used better judgment in exercising their authority.
1860: In Paris, there are reports of a serious rift between Achille Fould, the Jewish financier who is a close advisor to Emperor Napoleon, and the Empress.
1861: Seventy-seven year old Jeanette Wohl the confidant of Ludwig Borne, the German Jewish writer who like so many of his contemporaries became a Lutheran but was not above characterizing his rival Heine as “a yeshiva student” whom he accused of “the Jewish trait of employing witticisms for their own sake,”
1863: Jacob Miller was wounded at Mine Run, VA, while serving at the 60thRegiment of the Third Cavalry.
1863: At the Wooster-street Synagogue, Thanksgiving Day services were held at 3 o'clock, embracing the usual afternoon prayers, conducted by Rabbi S.M. Isaacs the Prayer for the Government and appropriate hymns, after which an address was delivered by Meyer S. Isaacs, the Rabbi’s son He commenced with a reference to the peculiar significance of the present day of thanksgiving, observed as it was by all Americans, wherever resident, in response to the recommendation of the Executive. It was a grand spectacle, an entire nation united in offering up incense on an altar of a religion all alike profess -- thanksgiving and praise to the Supreme Being. Divesting themselves of social, political and religious distinctions, superior to the division of sentiment engendered by sectional ideas and antagonistic theories, they assembled in their respective places of worship, to pour forth praises to Him enthroned on hish. Actuated by these considerations, his audience had gathered together in their house of God, that they too might join in the grand anthem swelling upward to celestial heights. Israelite and Christian grasped each other's hand in cordial confidence, working together, fighting together the battles of the Union, pouring their blood on the battle-field in friendly rivalry for country's sake. There was no trace of religious intolerance or sectional feeling in the proclamation of the day; we were called upon to observe it as Americans, acknowledging special obligations to Heaven for the providences so graciously displayed in the progress of our struggle for national existence, and not unmindful of His divine favor in the daily blessings unintermittingly showered upon us, whose value we often fail to diiscern until we are deprived of them. He then took his text from Psalm c., verses 4 and 5, discussing it from its various points of view, and earnestly directing attention to the necessity of sincerity in this observance of National Thanksgiving. The stake was too mighty a one to permit even the semblance of insincerity in the history we were making, in our protestations of patriotism. It is understood now, that our love of country is not purely romantic, but that we were in earnest in our expressions of determination to reestablish the national supremacy, to permit no armed assemblage, however formidable, however desperate, to maintain an eternal antagonism to the constituted authorities. Were we equally sincere in our observance of Thanksgiving, in our expressions of dependence upon God, of our own unworthiness and His eternal goodness and truth? This was to be the lesson of the day. He then illustrated his text by a reference to the peculiar benefits the Israelites of America enjoy in this land of thorough civil and religious liberty. We should enter His gates with thanksgiving, His courts with praise, "for here there was no distinction recognized between Jew and Gentile in the guaranty by the Constitution of protection in the enjoyment of the sacred rights of man. Returning to the broader view of the subject, as Americans, we should signalize the sincerity of this observance by an amendment in those respects where we acknowledge national faults. Although we have demonstrated a stauncher patriotism than we ourselves believed to be inherent in American character, there may be more sacrifices to make, more selfish considerations to combat, more errors of administration to deplore and divest of their apparent danger to the State by a confirmed determination to strengthen the hand of those we have chosen to preside over our national destinies. In conclusion, he spoke of the favorable prospect before us, as contrasted with the gloom, astonishment and despondency at the culmination of the preparation for the war upon our flag. The ship of state, madly tossed upon an unknown sea, exposed to the dangers of the warring elements, her pilots surrendered to the guilt of the hour or sadly inexperienced, was now sailing majestically into a safe harbor, a clear head and a steady hand at the helm; but God be thanked for this great salvation -- no human wisdom or power hath accomplished this. He closed with a fervent prayer for the continuance of Divine favor to the land, and its speedy restoration to peace and prosperity.
1868: The Philadelphia “Press” published an abstract of the Thanksgiving Day Sermon delivered by Rabbi Jastrow at Congregation Rodef Shalom.
1871: “A Tolerant City” published today quotes the Jewish Chronicle as saying that “Ireland is the only country where Jews were never persecuted.” As proof of Irish tolerance, the Chronicle cites the case of a young Jewess named Miss Samuel, who, when she was on her death bed was the object of prayers of recovery offered both in Jewish synagogues and Christian Chapels. Her funeral included thirty carriages that were filled with citizens of both faiths.
1871: In Philadelphia, Simon B. Fleisher and Cecelia Hofheimer gave birth to Samuel Stuart Fleisher the Wharton graduate, manufacturer of year and amateur artist whose works were displayed at American Art Society Exhibition in 1903 who also served Director of the Jewish Foster Home and Orphan Asylum and a member of the Board of Trustees of the Jewish Chautauqua Society.
1872: Two days after he had passed away, 62 year old Hyam Levy, the husband of the former Frances Naphtali with whom he had had six children was buried today at “West Ham Jewish Cemetery” on Buckingham Road.”
1873: The Charity Committee of the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum has asked that an appeal be made during today’s Thanksgiving Day services for contributions of money, clothing and other items that can be used to aid Jews who are economically distressed due to the current depressed economy.
1874: Birthdate of Zionist leader and Israel’s first President Chaim Weizmann. He first gained fame as th