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- 05/29/18--19:22: _This Day, May 30, I...
- 05/30/18--19:37: _This Day, May 31, I...
- 05/31/18--20:38: _This Day, June 1, I...
- 06/01/18--19:35: _This Day, June 2, I...
- 06/02/18--18:12: _This Day, June 3, I...
- 06/03/18--19:28: _This Day, June 4, I...
- 06/04/18--18:59: _This Day, June 5, I...
- 06/05/18--19:37: _This Day, June 6, I...
- 06/06/18--19:44: _This Day, June 7, I...
- 06/07/18--19:12: _This Day, June 8, I...
- 06/08/18--19:40: _This Day, June 9, I...
- 06/09/18--20:19: _This Day, June 10, ...
- 06/10/18--21:24: _This Day, June 11, ...
- 06/11/18--21:44: _This Day, June 12, ...
- 06/12/18--21:39: _This Day, June 13, ...
- 06/13/18--19:57: _This Day, June 14, ...
- 06/14/18--19:44: _This Day, June 15, ...
- 06/15/18--20:19: _This Day, June 16, ...
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- 06/17/18--18:58: _This Day, June 18, ...
- 05/29/18--19:22: This Day, May 30, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 05/30/18--19:37: This Day, May 31, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 05/31/18--20:38: This Day, June 1, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 06/01/18--19:35: This Day, June 2, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 06/02/18--18:12: This Day, June 3, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 06/03/18--19:28: This Day, June 4, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
- 06/04/18--18:59: This Day, June 5, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. Levin
70: During the Siege of Jerusalem, Titus and his Roman legions breach the Second Wall of Jerusalem. The Jewish defenders retreat to the First Wall. The Romans build a circumvallation, cutting down all trees within fifteen kilometers.
1096: In one of the few instances of individual courage, the local Bishop of Cologne and some of the local Burghers offered the Jews protection in their own houses. The Bishop later escorted them to towns under his protection. Crusaders reached Cologne and found the gate to the city closed by order of the bishop. Of all the Jewish communities in the path of the Crusaders, Cologne's Jews were the only ones to escape total destruction.
1096(6th of Sivan): In Cologne, Mar Isaac and Rebecca perish in an act of Kiddush Ha-Shem
1096(6th of Sivan: Isaac of Mayence committed suicide on Shavuot two days after he had he submitted to forced baptism to save the lives of his mother and children. According to legend, he set the synagogue on fire to keep it from being turned into a church. (As reported by Abraham Bloch)
1201: Birthdate of Theobold IV, Count of Champagne. When Louis VIII issued an ordinance that prohibited his officials from recording debts owed to Jews, Theobold was the only French baron who refused to accept the royal decree since this would interfere with extra income he gained by being able to tax Jewish financial transactions. The issue here really had nothing to do with either party caring about the Jews. The issue was money and who would have the real power; the monarch or his barons.
1252:Saint Ferdinand III, the King of Castile and King of Galicia and Leon passed away. The King must have been both courageous and practical. He stood up to the powerful Catholic Church when refused the Pope’s demand that Jews be forced to wear special badge and clothing. He was afraid that the requirement would force the Jews to leave for Muslim Granada which would had a disastrous effect on revenue collections for his kingdom.
1497: King Ferdinand of Spain “proclaimed in a royal decree that Luis de Santangel and his family, present and future, were to be protected from the inquisition.” Born at Valencia Santangel, a baptized Jew, was the finance minister to the Spanish monarchs who convinced them to sponsor Columbus’ voyage to the new world. He raised the funds himself.
1574: Henry III becomes King of France on the death of his brother, Charles IX. Henry had been serving as the King of Poland at the time of his brother’s death. He owed his selection as ruler Poland to a Jew named Solomon Ashkenazi who was an advisor to the Turkish Sultan.
1593: Twenty-nine year old Christopher Marlowe the English playwright whose work included “The Jew of Malta” which like Shakespeare’s “Merchant of Venice” portrays the Jews in such a way that it is assumed to be anti-Semitic passed away today.
1599: Birthdate of Samuel Bochart, the French Protestant biblical scholar who was an expert on Oriental languages including Hebrew and who delivered a series of unique lectures on Genesis including “the names contained in the Table of Nations.”
1635: During what will be known as the Thirty Years War (it started in 1618 and ended in 1648) the Peace of Prague is signed marking the start of the end of hostilities. The war will finally end with the Peace of Westphalia. The war was between pitted Protestants against Catholics with Jews caught in the middle For example the Jews of Vienna suffered as a result of the occupation of the city by Imperial soldiers in 1624 when Emperor Ferdinand II confined the Jews to a ghetto. The fighting centered around Germany, Austria, France and the Netherlands and throughout many towns in Germany and Moravia, the Jewish population was expelled, which resulted in thousands of refugees fleeing to Cracow and other Polish cities. These Jews would get caught up in the uprisings that took place in Polish dominated Ukraine. The good news is that the end of the Thirty Years War would mark the rise of a flourishing Protestant Netherlands that would prove a home to European Jews.
1762: Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Emden, Prussia.
1775: In Charleston, Miss Rachel De Costa married Jacob Tobias.
1778: Voltaire French philosopher and author passed away. Voltaire is generally regarded as a great thinker. However, as can be seen from his own words, he was a rabid anti-Semite. He described Jews as being “small, ignorant and crude people.” Voltaire did not base his anti-Semitism on the Jews adherence to their religion. Cure them of their religion, he wrote and there is still the problem of their in-born character.
1781(6thof Sivan, 5541): On the same day that Jews on both sides of the Atlantic celebrate Shavuot, George Washington dealt with reports of British movement along Lake Champlain and the presence of their army in South Carolina and Virginia.
1796: In the United Kingdom, London financier and leader of the Jewish community, Levi Salomons and Matilda de Metz gave birth to their eldest son, Philip Salomons.
1798: Isaac Harris and Esther Abrahams were married today at the Great Synagogue in London
1800(6th of Sivan, 5560): Shavuot celebrated for the first time in the 19th century.
1806: “A decree was issued today requesting that a special assembly of Jewish leaders and Rabbis from all of the different French departments, would meet in Paris and discuss all outstanding matters including answering questions dealing with accusations against the Jews made by the anti-Semites.”
1806: Joseph David Sinzheim was among those attending the Jewish Assembly of Notables convened by Napoleon I.
1807: Today, U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall officiated at the ceremony during which Marcus Levi and Simon Z. Block, both born in Germany, became U.S. citizens.
1814: Signing of the First Treaty of Paris. The treaty officially returned the Bourbons to the French throne which marked the official beginning of a period of reaction which was not good for the Jews who had gained many rights during the Napoleonic Wars.
1814: Birthdate of Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin whose anti-Semitic views would seem to prove that anti-Semitism is the common denominator for Russians be they Romanovs or Revolutionaries.
1828: William Huskisson, who took “the first step toward” freeing the Jews from their disabilities by presenting “a petition” to Parliament “singed by 2,000 merchants and others from Liverpool” completed his service as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
1829: Birthdate of Lewin Goldschmidt, the native of Gdansk who became a leading German jurist and an ardent supporter of Chancellor Bismarck’s idea of a united German Empire that exclude Austria and its polyglot empire.
1838(6thof Sivan, 5598): Shavuot
1839:Birthdate of. Hermann Adler, the Hanover born Rabbi who succeeded his father as Chief Rabbi of the British Empire a position he held from 1891 until his death in 1911.
1844(12th of Sivan, 5604): Italian physician and author Benedetto Frizz (AKA Benzion Raphael Kohen) passed away today.
1845: In Colmar, France, the chief rabbi and his wife give birth to French physician Theodore Klein who “was also a member of the Jewish Consistory of Paris, and for eighteen years president of the Société de l'Etude Talmudique”
1849: In Raudnitz, Bohemia, “a petty merchant” and his wife gave birth to law student turned journalist Emil Schiff who wrote for the "Deutsche Zeitung,Spener'schen Zeitung and Neue Freie Presse.”
1860: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi Henry S. Jacobs officiated at the wedding Daniel Ottolengui and Helene R. Rodrigues, the daughter of Dr. B.A. Rodrigues.
1861: Edward Storm a German Jewish immigrant living in Greenville, MS enlisted in the Confederate Army.
1866: In Kiev, Philip Thomashefsky and Bertha Wishnefsky gave birth to Boris Thomashefsky, “leading actor, manager and lessee of the People’s Theatre in New York City.”
1868: In London, famed actress, Adah Isaacs Menken, gives in her last theatrical performance.
1869: In Portland, Oregon, founding of Ahavai Sholom a congregation with a religious school that meets on Sunday, Tuesday and Wednesday and is supported by the Ladies’ Auxiliary and a cemetery “about two miles south of Portland.”
1870: Jim Levy, an Irish Jew, survived his first gunfight in Pioche, Nevada. Levy shot it out with a local thug named Michael Casey. After an earlier gunfight, Levy contradicted Casey’s claim that he acted in self-defense. An angry Casey challenged the unarmed Levy to a gunfight. Levy had to borrow a gun before he could answer the challenge. Levy fired a single shot which mortally wounded Casey. Contrary to the popular image in Western Movies, the gunfight was not a one-on-one combat. Dave Neagle, a friend of Casey, fired a shot at Levy while he was facing Casey. The shot hit Levy in the jaw but did not prove to be life threatening. The episode changed Levy’s lifestyle as he went from peaceful miner to leading the life of a gambler and “professional regulator” – a polite term for a fast gun for hire.
1873: The Jewish Messenger published an appeal for funds to support a program of summer excursions for Jewish children in New York including those at the Orphan Asylum and those attending “Free Schools.”
1875: Birthdate of Michael Fried, the native of Hungary and graduate Jewish Theological Seminary of America who served as the rabbi of Ahavath Sholom Beth Aron in Brooklyn and Congregation Tree of Life in Pittsburg, PA as well as Chaplain of the J.M. Gusky Orphanage of Western Pennsylvania
1876: A week before his death, Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is replaced by his nephew Murat V. As can be seen from the items below, Abd-ul-Aziz’s reign was a net plus for the Jewish people. Several Jews served in prominent governmental positions. Sultan Abdul Aziz allocated the "Alliance Israelite Universelle" 2600 dunams of land east of Jaffa for the establishment of a school of agriculture and also granted permission for importing all kinds of tools and machinery free of taxes and customs. As Ben Gurion, said: "I doubt that the Israeli dream would have been realized if the farm school of Mikveh Israel had not existed." Upon recurrence of blood libel accusations, Sultan Aziz issued a firman taking the Jews under his protection. Thanks to this firman the Greek Orthodox patriarchate had to issue encyclicals to all churches, forbidding such practices. Murat passed away three months after reaching the throne, leaving no legacy for the Jews or any of his other subjects.
1876:Judge McAdam is scheduled to render a decision today in a case involving a can-can dance named Katie Forest and her Jewish partner, a jewelry salesman named Solomon Care.
1876(7th of Sivan, 5636): Second Day of Shavuot
1877: Based on responses from 174 congregations and 125 charitable institutions to a questionnaire sent by the Board of Delegates of American Israelites it was reported these congregations have a total of 11,507 members, 11,341 in their religious schools and 597 teachers providing instruction. The total property value comes to an estimated six million dollars. There are five Jewish hospitals, six orphan asylums, 3 homes for the aged and infirmed, 15 newspapers and magazines and four Jewish fraternal orders, the large of which is the Order of the B’Nai Brith.
1878: It was reported today that over seven million dollars had been collected in New York City to provide relief for the Jews who suffering as a result of the war between Russia and Turkey.
1879: It was reported today that Benjamin Mayer has been sentenced to two and half years in the state penitentiary and ordered to pay a fine of six thousand dollars for his role in in defrauding thirty financial firms. During the sentencing statement, the Judge stated that Mayer had received a fair trial and that his religious background had no impact on the verdict or the sentence.
1880: H.S. Allen presided over the sixth annual meeting of the United Hebrew Charities which was held at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in Manhattan. The members re-elected Henry Rice to serve as President and Mr. Allen will continue serving as First Vice President.
1882: Birthdate of Ludwig Lewisohn the native of Berlin who settled with his family in South Carolina in the 1890’s.
1884(6th of Sivan, 5644): First Day of Shavuot
1886: During today’s exercises celebrating the accomplishments of the 500 youngsters at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, Mrs. Jacob Bookman is scheduled to present the Betty Bruhl prize which includes a one dollar award and Jesse Seligman, the President of the Asylum Society will present the Malcolm Atherton Strauss Prize.
1887(7th of Sivan, 5647): Second Day of Shavuot
1888: It was reported today that dispute brought on by the death of Moses A. Isaacs last year has been settled with the North American Relief Society for Indigent Jews in Jerusalem, Palestine receiving $50,000 plus interest earned over the last thirty years as provided by the will of Samson Simpson, the uncle of Moses A. Isaacs.
1890: The Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum will host its annual reception today.
1890: Several Polish Jews came to Essex Market Place Court today to file a complaint against William S Wolf whom the claimed “had defrauded them out of money they had given him” which he was supposed to have sent back to Poland.
1890: It was reported today that New York City Mayor Grant has exercised his prerogative under the law and appointed Isidor Strauss to serve as a bridge commissioner – an appointment that will be matched by the governor.
1890: Birthdate Paul Czinner the native of Budapest who was active in the Hungarian world of cinema who spent WW II in the United States before moving to England where he pursued his career as “a writer, director, and producer.”
1890: Jacob Epstein, a twenty-nine year old Russian Jewish immigrant and his wife Flora who are in Gouverneur Hospital are not expected to survive their gunshot wounds which were inflicted by Epstein during a fit of jealousy. The children are being cared for the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
1891: Birthdate of Bernard Anzelevitz, the native of Bayonne, NJ, who gained fame as Ben Bernie the jazz violinist and bandleader whose career included vaudeville and radio in its golden age of pre-World War II variety shows.
1892: As part of today’s Memorial Day ceremonies the Honorary Staff of the Veteran Zouaves’ Association will present “a handsome silk flag” to the Hebrew Orphan Asylum followed by a speech from General J.R. O’Beirne.
1892: Myer S. Isaacs, A. S. Solomons of the Baron de Hirsch Fund, Judge Henry M. Goldfogle, General Robert Avery, Joseph Blumenthal of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association and Rabbi H.S. Jacobs addressed the children of the Baron de Hirsch Fun Schools at today’s Memorial Day celebration.
1892: The Free School at Jefferson Street and East Broadway, which was funded by Baron de Hirsch, was the scene of a unique Memorial Day celebration. The school was awash with patriotic paraphernalia including little American flags and red, white and blue bunting. Visitors to the school were treated to four hundred recently arrived Jewish children from Russia singing “My Country Tis of Thee” in faultless English followed by a recitation of “Our Flag Shall Float” and climaxed by these same youngsters singing The Star Spangled Banner. This program is an example of the Americanization activities that are an integral part of the immigrant children’s education.
1894: Memorial services for the late Jesse Seligman were held at the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum on Amsterdam Avenue starting at three o’clock this afternoon.
1894: The original Nathan Lattauer Hospital, which had been built thanks to the generous support of his son Lucius Nathan Littauer was opened today.
1894: Charles Dupuy, formed a new government and began serving as Prime Minister of France – a post from which he would preside over the arrested and condemnation of Alfred Dreyfus.
1894: During an interview today, Mrs. Esther J. Ruskay, defended a paper she presented at to a cross section of Jewish women at Temple Emanu-El in which she “declared that among the Jews of America there was no family life because parents had allowed themselves to drift away from the time honored observances of their faith.” She attributed this to parent paying “too much attention…to their worldly advancement…and a consequent drifting away from the synagogue” as cam be seem by their “giving up” the observance of the Sabbath.
1895(7th of Sivan, 5655): Second Day of Shavuot
1895: Cadets from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum will march with the Fourth Division in today’s Brooklyn (NY) Memorial Day Parade.
1895: J. Ernest G. Yalden married Margaret Lyon, the sister of Cornell Agronomy Professor T. Littleton Lyon. In 1894, The Trustees of the Baron de Hirsch Fund hired him to be superintendent of their school, a position he held for 25 years.
1896: In Kensington, London, Abraham Moss, who was Jewish and his wife Sara Jane gave birth British race car driver and dentist Alfred Ethelbert Moss who invented the Morrison Shelter during WW II and the father of world famous race car driver Stirling Moss.
1896: In Philadelphia, founding of “Gmilus Chasodim” a society that “loans money to the poor without interest” and whose member include S.L. Halperin and Rabbi David G. Kratzok.
1898: The newly elected officers of the League of Zionist Societies of the United States are Dr. Phil Klein – President; Dr. Michael Singer – General Secretary; Morris Neuman – Treasurer; Dr. Henry Wald – Chairman of the Executive Board.
1898: The excursion for the grand opening of the country sanitarium of the Montefiore Home for Chronic Invalids at Bedford Station, NY will leave New York City at 11:30 this morning.
1898: As part of today’s Memorial Day observance, The Hebrew Union Veterans’ Association is scheduled to hold memorial services at Temple Emanu-El this evening.
1898: Birthdate of Parisian Cyril Gottlieb who came to the United States where as Cyril Gottlieb he went from child actor to movie director.
1898: “Albert Lasker arrived in Chicago” today “with $75 in his pocket – the money had given him to launch his new life” which was temporarily thwarted when he arrived at the offices of Lord and Thomas but found the doors locked because the business was closed because of Memorial Day.
1898: It was reported today that the Directors of the Maurice Grau Opera Company designated Edward Lauterbach to prepare a set of resolutions expressing their regret over the death of Hungarian born conductor Anton Seidel which are to be given to his widow. Lauterbach was a prominent lawyer who served as a trustee of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum for almost 4 decades.
1899: It was reported today that the United States Grand Lodge of the Independent Order Sons of Benjamin sent a telegram to the wife of the imprisoned Captain Dreyfus expressing their support and commending her for her behavior at the “approach of vindication.”
1899: In Brooklyn, William and Henrietta (Haymann) Thalberg gave birth to American movie producer Irving Thalberg,
1899: Judge Ballot-Beaupre read his report on the Dreyfus case before the Court of Cassation.
1900: Captain Antoine Louis Targe began serve as aid-de Camp under General Andre, the French Minister of War. Three years later, under the Minister’s direction he began an investigation of evidence brought against Dreyfus. Targe would produce information that would help to free Dreyfus.
1900: The new home of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association was dedicated today. The facility includes a gymnasium, classrooms and a library with 9,000 volumes.
1901: Herzl meets Grossherzog Friedrich of Baden, who tries to get him an audience with the Czar.
1903: Herzl informs Zadoc Kahn and Lord Rothschild about the failure of the El-Arish Project.
1901:in Czernowitz, Austria-Hungary, Hillel Manger, “a skilled tailor in love with literature” and his wife gave birth to Yiddish playwright and poet Itzik Manger.
1903: “Camden At Hebrew Meeting” published today described plans for the upcoming meeting in Philadelphia sponsored by the Kishineff Relief Committee which will be attended by Mayor Nowry and to which Archbishop Ryan has already contributed $20.
1902: Lt. Louis C. Wolf retired from the military today at Sheboygan, Wisconsin
1904: Birthdate of Baltimore native Bernard J. Bamberger, the great-grandson Bavarian born Abraham Bamberger, the Johns Hopkins graduate and husband of Ethel “Pat” Kraus who served as the rabbi of New York’s Reform Congregation Shaaray Tefila whose many literary works included a Commentary on the Book of Leviticus that was part of the Reform movement’s modern translation of the Torah.
1904: Birthdate of Meyer Parodneck, the Polish born American lawyer who developed programs to get milk to poor children during the Great Depression. (As reported by Richard D. Lyons)
1906(6th of Sivan, 5666): First Day of Shavuot
1907: “A rate collector appointed by the council of the metropolitan borough of Islington made a complaint to Joseph H. Polak Esquire, one of the justices of the peace for the county of London.
1908: Birthdate of Mel Blanc. The San Francisco native was the voice for a several cartoon characters including Bugs Bunny, Elmer Fudd and Porky Pig.
1908: Birthdate of Dr.Abraham Stone Freedberg, a Harvard cardiologist who developed an early treatment for angina and whose pioneering work in identifying the bacteria that cause stomach ulcers was initially all but ignored. However, he was vindicated when two Australian physicians won a Nobel Prize for work based on his discovery.
1910: Birthdate of German actress Inge Meysel. Meysel’s mother was Danish and her father was Jewish. According to one source, she was banned from acting during the Nazi period. She resumed her career in the German city of Hamburg and continued working until her death in 2004.
1909: Reuben Siegel laid the cornerstone for the first home in Tel-Aviv
1909: Birthdate of Benny Goodman. Born in Chicago, Goodman gained fame as a clarinetist and bandleader. During the Big Band Era, he was known as the King of Swing
1910: Birthdate of Harry Louis Bernstein, author of The Invisible Wall: A Love Story That Broke Barriers, his “painfully eloquent memoir about growing up Jewish and poor in a northern English mill town earned him belated literary fame on its publication in 2007, when he was 96…” (As reported by William Grimes)
1910: Julius Meysel, and his Danish wife Anna Hansen gave birth to actress Inge Meysel who was banned from performing during the Nazi era because her father was Jewish.
1912: In New York, Polish-Jewish immigrants Charles and Emma (Rosenblum) Stein gave birth to CCNY and Columbia University alum and playwright Joseph Stein whose most famous effort was Fiddler on the Roof
1912: Birthdate of American biochemist Julius Axelrod who won the Nobel Prize Physiology or Medicine in 1970.
1913: In New Jersey, official dedication of the Mountain Ridge Country Club.
1913: Birthdate of Moe Goldman, who played center for CCNY before going on to play pro ball in the American Basketball League.
1913: The Balkan war, which had started in October, 1912 officially came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of London. As a result of this Albania became an independent state. Jews had lived in Albania since Roman times. The false messiah, Shabbetai Zevi spent his final years in Albania and died there. At the time that Albania gained its independence from Turkey, there were probably only a couple of hundred Jews living in the country.
1914(5th of Sivan, 5674): Parashat Bamidbar; erev Shavuot
1914(5th of Sivan, 5674): Forty-seven year old Baltimore native Lewis Putzel, an 1888 graduate of the University of Maryland Law School and partner in the firm of Steiner and Putzel and husband of Birdie Putzel who served as Baltimore City Attorney and a member of both houses of the Maryland State Legislature passed away today in his home town.
1915: Because of a question raised by Albert Lucas, the question of “whether the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America should declare in favor of a Hebrew national congress for the purpose of looking after the interests of persons of the Jewish faith in the European war zone was discussed at the eighth convention of the union which opened” today at the Harlem Hebrew Institute Building.
1915: In Ottawa, Canada, Leon and Beckie Petegorsky gave birth to their only son David W. Petegorsky, the ordained rabbi who received a Ph.D. from London School of Economics and was the Executive Director of the American Jewish Congress.
1915: It was reported today that “the total of Illinois petitioners” calling on the Governor of Georgia to commute the sentence of Leo Frank “will exceed 1,000,000” by the time the case is heard tomorrow and this does not count those received “from the big towns in Indiana.”
1915: “In an editorial addressed to the Prison Commission, the Atlanta Journal” made a final please for Leo Frank which began “Frank’s sentence ought to be commuted to life imprisonment because of the deep-seated and overshadowing doubt of his guilt. The state cannot afford to sacrifice human life on uncertainties.”
1915: The three commissioners – Chairman R. E. Davison, Judge T.E. Patterson and E.L. Rainey – who make up the State Prison Commission which will hear the plea for commuting Leo Frank’s sentence arrived in Atlanta, GA tonight.
1915: “An Atlanta Appeal For Frank” published today provided a complete reprint of the text of James Gray’s editorial originally printed a week ago.
1915: In Park Slope, Brooklyn drug store owner Abraham “Gus” Manulis and his wife Anna gave birth to producer Martin Ellyot Manulis whose work included everything from the sitcom “The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis” to the very dramatic “Days of Wine and Roses.”
1916(27th of Iyar, 5676): Eighty-two year old Adolph Frank, a German chemist and businessman best known for his work in potash and the winner of the John Scott Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1893 passed away today.
1917: During the “First Conference on Democracy and Terms of Peace” which was “being held in New York’s Garden Theatre, delegates adopted a resolution presented by Morris Hilliquist, the Jewish Socialist, demanding “that the Government agree to a peace in which neither territory nor indemnities for any of the belligerents shall figure.”
1917: According to information received in London, “an order of expulsion is hanging over the heads of the Jewish residents of Jerusalem” despite the fact that the order of eviction from the Turks has been suspended twice due to intervention by the German government which is concerned about the effect such a move would have on “the world’s public opinion.”
1918: Birthdate of Bernard Wessler, the graduate of Baruch College who gained fame as television writer Bernie West whose credits include “All in the Family,” “The Jeffersons” and “Three’s Company.”
1918 During the Battle of Cantigny, Frederick Hahn, a second lieutenant serving with United States Army Field Artillery, “went into heavy shell fire to supervise the repairs of telephone lines and to act as a runner when the further maintenance of the wires became impossible.
1918: In accordance with a proclamation sent out by President Wilson on May 13, “Orthodox Congregations in the United States” are scheduled to “open all the synagogues for prayer and that members” would fast “as if it were a holy day” while uttering special prayers calling “for the speedy success of American arms” which would lead to “a just peace.”
1919: A national Jewish association is founded in Constantinople under the auspices of the Jewish association Amicale, and with cooperation of the B'nai Brith Lodge. Among its many goals, are the establishment of an autonomous Jewish homeland in Palestine, and support for the communal administration of Jewish philanthropic groups in Turkey.
1919: As the National Conference of Jewish Charities continued its week-long meeting in Atlantic City, NJ, Maurice B. Hexter is scheduled to lead a discussion on Convalescent Care and Lt. Maxwell Heller is scheduled to deliver a talk on “Care of Wounded Soldiers” after Friday evening services at Beth Israel Synagouge.
1919: Bernard and Mildred Asch gave birth to Sidney Howard Asch, “a New York judge with a Ph.D. in sociology who wrote scholarly works about civil liberties and made notable decisions about landlord-tenant law, employment of gay people and a man’s right to get his hair cut in a women’s beauty salon…” (As reported by Paul Vitello)
1920: Memorial Day in the United States
1920: “Major General Clarence R. Edwards, commander of the Yankee Division in France” delivered the main address during Memorial Services at the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall where the attendees included “the Jewish Veterans of the Wars of the Republic and their commander Maurice Simmons.”
1920: The East Boston Y.M.H.A. held Memorial Day exercise this afternoon at Ohel Jacob Synagogue where “a memorial tablet was unveiled and dedicated to the Jewish men of East Boston who served in the World War.”
1920: Rabbi Israel Goldstein and Rabbi Jacob Schwartz officiated at Congregation B’nai Jeshurun’s Memorial Day service which included a special memorial “to the late Herman Levy” who had served as the president from 1912 until 1920.
1920: Birthdate of Carmen G. De Sapio’s press agent Sydney Stuart Baron, the “son of a Brooklyn shoemaker,” “an ‘A’ English student at New Utrecht High School” and husband of high school sweetheart Sylvia Schreibman whose public relations clients included Anheuser-Busch, Iona College and Beth Jacob Schools.
1920: “The 21st conference of the English Zionist Federation of London passed a resolution ‘expressing gratitude to the Supreme Council for incorporating the Balfour declaration in the treaty with Turkey and for granting the mandate for Palestine to Great Britain.’”
1920: Ninety-one year Joseph Eduard Konrad Bischoff whose 19th century novella Judas Makkabaeus demonstrated a renewed interest in the non-Jewish world in the Jewish warrior passed away today.
1922 Birthdate of Rosel Lerner, the native of Worms and one of the children sent to Britain on the Kinderstransport trains, who gained fame as Rose Evanksky, the inventor of “blow-dry hair styling.” (As reported by William Grimes)
1924: “Tragedy in the House of Habsburg,” a historical drama about the suicide at Mayerling directed and produced by Alexander Korda and starring Maria Corda was released in Germany today.
1925(7th of Sivan, 5685): Second Day of Shavuot
1925(7th of Sivan, 5685): Seventy-five year old Dr. of Jurisprudence Albert Mosse, the husband of Caroline Mosse and the son of Ulrike Mosse and Marcus Mosse, M.D. passed away today.
1925: Birthdate of John Henry Marks, the London born physician who served as Chariman of the British Medical Associate from 1984 to 1990.
1925: In Memphis, TN, Edward Bihari a Jewish immigrant from Hungary who worked in sales and later ran a grain and seed business in Tulsa, OK and his wife gave birth to Joseph Bihari, the youngest of 8 siblings who had a major impact on the popularization of “R&B” as can be seen by his being the first to record the music of B.B. King. (As reported by William Yardley)
1926: A rodeo featuring a troop of 120 Don Cossacks who recently arrived in the United States from Russia is scheduled to take place tonight at Madison Garden. The proceeds of the event will go the United Jewish Campaign of New York.
1927: Rabbi Arthur S. Montaz is scheduled to deliver the invocation and Mrs. Leo Freidenrich is scheduled to deliver “the address of welcome” at the opening session of the Fourth Western Interstate Conference at Temple Emanuel in Spokane, Washington.
1928: Today, on Memorial Day, in North Carolina the Wilmington airport was named Bluethenthal Field, in honor of Arthur Bluethenthal, who transferred from the Lafayette Escadrille to the air arm of the United States Navy and was “the first North Carolinian killed in action during World War I.”
1929: On the West Side of Chicago, “Monroe Harriman Loeb,” the owner of a wrecking and salvage company” and “the former Henrietta Benjamin, a milliner and teacher” gave birth to Marshall Robert Loeb, the “business journalist” who made Money magazine and Fortunemagazine into major publications. (As reported by Robert D. Hershey, Jr.)
1929: Leonard Jacques Stein stood as the Liberal candidate for Bermondsey West in today’s General election where he finished second in a three way race.
1930: At a meeting in Tel Aviv, the Vaad Leumi, the Jewish National Council called for a national strike to begin next week to protest the British government’s order suspending Jewish immigration pending an inquiry into land and immigration problems by Sir John Simpson.
1930: In Manhattan, Harold and Judith Heyman gave birth to their only child Ira Michael Heyman the Chancellor of the University of California, Berkley and Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.
1931: It was reported today that Isaac Landman who has agreed to return as the rabbi of Congregation Beth Elhoim in Brooklyn will still serve as the editor of The American Hebrew and editor-in-chief of The Standard Jewish Encyclopedia,
1932: As the Weimar Republic descended into the chaos that would bring Hitler to power Chancellor Brüning announced his cabinet's resignation after President Hindenburg and his fellow Junkers “opposed his policies of distributing land to unemployed workers.”
1932: Birthdate of Baltimore native Solomon Wolf Golomb, the son of a rabbi and linguist who gained fame as an electrical engineer and mathematician.
1933(5th of Sivan, 5693): Erev Shavuot
1933: The Bishops saw a draft of the Concordat as they assembled for a meeting of the Fulda bishops conference led by Breslau’s Cardinal Bertram
1933: The League of Nations held the first of two days of debate about the persecution of the Jews in Germany.
1936: “It was learned today that the Palestine Government was considering the mobilization of 1,000 Jews into a special until to help government forces cope with the Arab revolt.”
1936: William Cohen, the president of the National Association of Jewish Center Executives addressed the organization’s annual meeting at the Hotel Chelsea in Atlantic City where George L. Hyman, executive director of the Central Jewish Institute of New York “praised the Maccabiah games as a means of bringing all elements of the Jewish community as spectators and participants.”
1936:The Palestine (British) Government today warned all mukhtars (chieftains) that their villages would be subject to collective punitive measures unless the cutting of telephone wires, bomb explosions, attempts to demolish railway lines and other acts of brigandage ceased.
1936: “It was learned today that the Palestine Government was considering the mobilization of 1,000 Jews into a special unit to help government forces cope with the Arab revolt.”
1938: The Palestine Post published the full text of the letter, written by Dr. Chaim Weizmann, addressed to the High Commissioner for Palestine. The letter was accompanied by the Annual Jewish Agency's memorandum prepared for the League of Nations Mandates Commission. The Agency accused the Palestine Government that 1937 was a year of an artificially limited immigration and a "chequered development". The Jewish economic structure had shown strength and resilience in the face of the Arab terror. Exports increased, but there was insufficient Government aid for industry and control of imports.
1940: French driver Rene Dreyfus finished 10th today in the Indianapolis 500.
1941: Germany seizes the Greek island of Crete. The Germans would leave the Jews of Crete alone until 1944. In 1944, the Germans loaded the Jews of Crete on to a ship called the Tanais along with a mixed bag of Greek and Italian prisoners. The ship was sunk as it headed for the mainland. It is unclear whether a German U-boat or a British submarine sank the Tanais.
1941: At meeting with the Mayor of Baghdad, Arshad al-Umari, The Chief Rabbi, Sasson Khedouri asked him to thwart the plans of Yunis Al-Sabawi for the destruction of the city's Jewish population.
1941: Yunis Al-Sabawi, the pro-Nazi governor of Baghdad, took refuge in Persia when the Mayor of Baghdad, Arshad al-Umari, took control of the city and ended the threatened massacre of the Jewish population.
1279 BCE: Ramses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. If you accept the contention that Moses lived from 1391–1271 BCE, Ramses would be the Pharaoh who came to power after the Exodus. During his reign he reasserted Egyptian power over the area that would have included Canaan during the period of the Judges. However, the Bible talks about the Canaanite tribes and Philistines as being the Israelites’ enemies and not the Egyptians.
70 C.E.: The Jewish defenders of Jerusalem surrendered the first wall of the city to the Romans.
942 (26 Iyar 4702): Sa'adia ben Joseph (Rav Saadia Gaon) passed away. Born in Egypt in 882, he moved to Babylon in 928 to head the Academy at Sura. He revived the waning influence of the Academy and wrote on many subjects including grammar, Halachah and philosophy. As one of the foremost opponents of Karaism, he wrote the exposition "Emunot Vedeot", which became very popular. A grave conflict arose between Sa'adia and the Exilarch, David ben Zaccai when he refused to endorse a judgment of the Exilarch's court in which Ben Zaccai was an interested party. The issue was not settled for many years and demonstrated S'aadia's unyielding defense of his principles. He was subsequently expelled and moved to Baghdad. On Purim 937, the opponents were reconciled, and a few years later Sa'adia adopted Ben Zaccai's orphan grandchildren.
1422: Sigismund of Luxemburg, who “drained the Jews of their wealth whenever he could, he protected them from some of the worst excesses,” was crowned Holy Emperor today. (History of the Jewish People)
1469: Birthdate of Manuel I of Portugal who gave up his positive relationship with his Jewish subjects when agreed to expel them as the price of Infanta Isabella of Aragon, the daughter those implacable anti-Semites Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain.
1492: “Isaac Abrabanel…left Spain for Naples after his unsuccessful intervention with King Ferdinand to revoke the decree of expulsion of the Jews.”http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Abravanel.html
1593: The Jews were barred from living in Riga and Livonia.
1630: The Puritan leader William Prynne, who would oppose the return of Jews to the British Isles obtained a license to print a book expressing opposition to stage plays, one of the many “pleasures opposed” by his sect.
1665: Sabbeti Zevi proclaimed himself Messiah. The most famous of all the False Messiahs, Sabbeti Zevi enthralled tens of thousands of Jews. His message was accepted across all social and economic classes. His followers were to be found throughout Jewish communities in Europe and the Orient. Turkish authorities became alarmed at his growing popularity and had him arrested. The Sultan gave him the choice of proving his claims or suffering the death penalty. The would-be Messiah gave up the game, accepted a minor governmental position in Turkey and converted to Islam. The whole episode might be written off as a farce if it were not for the fact that so many had believed in him and were disillusioned by the outcome. In addition, charges of being a secret supporter of his beliefs would tear at the fabric of Jewish society for decades to come.
1666: One of the dates given for the death of Jacob Lumbrozo, the Portuguese born physician who became the first Jewish resident of Maryland when he moved there in 1656.
1689: Following today’s invasion of the city of Worms by French forces under Comte de Melac, the synagogue was burned including “the so-called Rashi Chapel” and the ruins were used for a stable and a storehouse.
1740: Frederick William I who was served by Veitel-Heine Ephraim as Jeweler and Mint Master passed away today. As a result of his death, recently passed legislation that would have led to the end of the Jewish community in Berlin were not enforced.
1747 (26 Iyar 5507): Moses Hayyim Luzzatto passed away. Born in 1707 at Paua, Italy, this great poet and mystic became an unfortunate victim of the reaction to Shabbetaianism. His writings were burned and he tragically died soon after his arrival to Eretz-Israel. His most lasting achievements were his use of Hebrew in secular poetry and his ethical work, Mesilat Yesharim (Path of Righteous). Luzzatto also wrote two Hebrew dramas, Migdal Oz (tower of Strength) and La-Yisharim (Praise to the Righteous).
1750: Birthdate of Karl August von Hardenberg the Prussian statesman and reformer who supported full emancipation for the Jews of Germany.
1776(13th of Sivan, 5536): At a wedding celebration on an upper floor of a building in the Jewish Ghetto of Venice, 65 people, including the bride, were killed when the building collapsed under the strain of the celebration.
1776(13th of Sivan, 5536): Two weddings were held today in the same building in Mantua, Italy. During the celebration, the building collapsed killing 28 women, including one of the brides, and 3 men. The Jews of Mantua were not allowed to expand their housing beyond the ghetto walls. This forced them to build vertically, resulting in unstable buildings which led to deaths like these.
1781(7thof Sivan, 5541): As Jews observe the Second Day of Shavuot during the climactic months of the American Revolution, a Council of War was held on a French man-of-war where the question of having the French Fleet remain at Rhode Island was debated among General Washing, Comte de Rochambeau and Comte Barras
1789(6thof Sivan, 5549): Shavuot is observed for the first time during the Presidency of George Washington.
1800(7th of Sivan, 5560): Second Day of Shavuot and Yizkor are observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Adams.
1822: Baron Rothschild conferred with Prussian diplomat Friedrich von Gentz “at breakfast regarding the Frankfort Jewish matter.”
1836(15thof Sivan, 5596): Joel Myers, the husband of Frances Lazarus with whom he had eight children, passed away today in the United Kingdom.
1838(7thof Sivan, 5598): Second Day of Shavuot
1846(6thof Sivan, 5606): Shavuot
1846: In Greenwich, Kent, Samuel Levy Bensusan and the former Esther Bernal gave birth to Jacob Bensusan.
1847: Birthdate of Leopoldo Franchetti the native of Livonro, Italy whose family had come from Tunisia in the 18th century and who became an Italian reformer and political leader who served in the Chamber of Deputies before becoming a Senator.
1855: Sixty-three year old Austrian ophthalmologist Anton Von Rosas who was also the author of Anti-Semitic literature that decried Jews “taking over and “jewifying” Austrian culture. (As described by David Aberbach
1861: Philadelphian Henry Rosengarten began serving as a Corporal in Company of the 27th Regiment.
1861: Philadelphians Sampson Goldberg and Jacob Luescher began serving as Sergeants in Company A of the 27th Regiment.
1861: Julius Heimberg began a three year enlistment with the 27th Regiment during which he rose from the rank of Corporal to the rank of First Lieutenant.
1861: Max Heller began service as an Assistant Surgeon with the 27th Regiment.
1861: Henry Heller began serving a “90 day enlistment” was a Surgeon with the 27thRegiment
1861: Sergeant-Major Washington Cromelien, who would later “accept a commission as a Lieutenant in the 65th Regiment” began serving in the 27thRegiment today.
1861: Philadelphia Solomon Roedelsheimer, who would serve only three months due to ill health, began serving today as Captain in Company A of the 27thof Regiment.
1862: In today's issue of The Israelite, Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise responded to criticism by Reverend Moncure D. Conway that the Israelite had not spoken out on the importance of preserving the Union. Wise said that "he never preached on politics." He said that this would be "a misapplication of the Sabbath and the pulpit" and that there were plenty of other opportunities for patriotic speeches.
1865(6th of Sivan, 5625): Jews celebrate the first Shavuot since the end of the Civil War.
1872: “Turkey” published today described the bloody anti-Jewish riots that have been taking place in Smyrna. The riots began after reports that a Greek child was lying in the morgue, having been killed by Jews who need its blood for their annual Passover sacrifice.
1870: John Motley, the U.S. Minister to the Court of St. James had dinner with former Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
1873: An article published today included an appeal for money to be sent to the “Children’s Fund” which would be used to provide summer time excursions for poor Jewish youngsters living in New York City.
1874: According to reports published today a Jew from Chicago named Henry Greenbaum donated five hundred dollars to a Chicago church whose pastor is Professor Swing, the controversial Presbyterian minister who has been labeled as a heretic by his co-religionists
1879(9thof Sivan, 5639): J.I. De Lissa Cohen the founder “of the Mercantile Record and Commercial Gazette of Mauritius” passed away today at Curepipe.
1880: It was reported today that in the last six months, the Board of Relief of the United Hebrew Charities has provided 1,235 pairs of shoes, 407 dresses, 425 pairs of stockings, 252 skirts, 123 coats and almost one thousand, five hundred tons of goals to those in need. In the past year, assistance has been provided to 1,481 families which is a decrease of 162 for the year ending with May, 1879. However, there was increase in the number needing assistance in April which may indicate that there will be an increase in demand.
1882: In Paris, Victor Hugo presided over a rally held to protest Russian persecution of the Jews.
1884(7th of Sivan, 5644): Second Day of Shavuot
1884(7thof Sivan, 5644): Sixty year old “Jewish industrialist and German railway entrepreneur” passe away today.
1885: The 20thanniversary of the Hebrew Free School Association was celebrated this morning at the Lexington Avenue Opera House in New York City. The event was attended by 2,000 students and 500 adults including the association’s president, M.S. Isaacs and secretary, Henry S. May, and Rabbis, Jacobs, Kohut and Wise.
1886: Birthdate of Grete Seligmann who as Grete Adelsheimer was shipped from Stuttgart, to Terezin to Auschwitz where she was murdered.
1889(1stof Sivan, 5649): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
1890: A group of Polish Jews are scheduled to present their claim that a banker William S. Wolf defrauded them out of money that they had given him with a promise that it would be sent back to Europe to the New York District Attorney. Wolf has disappeared.
1891: Birthdate of Erich Walter Sternberg the Berlin-born Israeli composer who was one of the founders of Israeli art music, Sternberg had a profound impact on the musical life of Palestine and Israel during the 1930s and 1940s. He passed away in 1974.
1891: Breaking with tradition, the Metropolitan Museum of Art opened today despite opposition from those who viewed Sunday as the Sabbath.
1892: In response to misleading claims by German anti-Semites, “the Prussian Minister of War says that the rifles furnished to the army by Ludwig Loewe & Co are perfectly satisfactory.” Ludwig Loewe the late founder of the company was Jewish as was his brother Isidor who followed him as President.
1892: “Baron Hirsch Very Ill” published today described the deteriorating health of the Jewish philanthropist who “is suffering from an attack of influenza and congestion of the lungs.”
1892: At today’s meeting of the Yale Corporation F.K. Saunders, the instructor in Hebrew at Yale Theological Seminary was named Assistant Professor of Biblical Literature.
1892: “Mercy For Russian Jews” published today immunities that the Czar’s government has decided to grant to Jews who wish to emigrate including not having to serve in the army.
1892: It was reported today that of the 390 children enrolled in the Baron de Hirsch Fund School, 107 had been admitted since May 1st. The first of the students had arrived in February. All of the children were fluent enough in English to take part in the recent Memorial Day celebrations.
1892(5thof Sivan, 5652) Erev Shavuot
1892: One of two possible birthdates give for Russian born American historian Solomon Zeitlin author of The Rise and Fall of the Judean State.
1892: “The Festival of Shebnoth” published today described the importance of the Jewish holiday of Pentecost or Feast of Weeks which begins this evening.
1893: This morning, “agent Louis Steen of the Gerry Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children arrested Herman Engel of the Ladies’ Deborah Nursery” following what he was charged at the Essex Street Police Court of “having brutally assaulted” thirteen year old Israel Schwartz who has been living at the institution for nine years.
1894: “At 23 Clanricarde Gardens, in the Notting Hill district of the Borough of Kensington, London,”
George Solomon Joseph, a solicitor in the family firm” and his wife, Henrietta Franklin, gave birth to their fourth child to pianist and composer Jane Marian Joseph
1894: “In Memory of Jesse Seligman” published today described the memorial services that were held for the late Jesse Seligman which were held at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and addressed by several prominent officials including Oscar S. Straus, General Carl Schurz and Charles Fleischer, “ a graduate of the asylum and rabbi-elect of a prominent congregation in Boston.”
1896: In New York, the highlight of the annual reception of B’nai Jeshurun was “the presentation of a handsome silk flag” by Miss Sophie Arnheim “and a “facsimile of the Liberty Bell to the pupils of the religious school attached to the congregation.”
1896: An excerpt from an article in a British publication, The Quarterly Review,which compared the accomplishments of Disraeli and Gladstone in the field of foreign affairs published today shows the author is cautiously optimistic when describing Disraeli’s policy designed to thwart Russian attempts to expand at the expense of the Ottoman Empire. He gives Disraeli high marks for his performance during the conference held at Berlin and for his purchase of the shares in the Suez Canal. In the end, regardless of how things play out, “this much is certain…Disraeli upheld the traditions of his …country at a time when a foreign critic of our policy uttered the well-known sneer that the only persons left who cared for the honor of England were an old woman and a Jew.” The old woman is Queen Victoria. The Jew is Disraeli proving that the nature of his birth out-weighed the impact of his forced youthful trip to the baptismal font.
1897: Arthur Strauss, an MP for Camborne is among the members of the British team playing a trans-Atlantic chess match with their American counterparts, using the telegraph which was “the real-time of that era.
1898: The Brooklyn Eagle reported that Oscar S. Straus has been named to succeed James B. Angell as United States Minister to Turkey. Among his most ardent supporters are “the boards of all the denominations that have missionaries in Turkey” because when he served in this position under President Cleveland, he “did more to get just treatment for missionaries and all other American citizens than any other man had done before him.”
1898: Albert Lasker arrived for his first day of work at Lord and Thomas today having been locked out yesterday due to the Memorial Day Holiday.
1901: Herzl travels to Paris to begin the raising of the money, which is to be the first step toward the obtaining of the Charter. The negotiations in Paris are fruitless.
1901: Bella Weretnikow, who became the first Jewish woman lawyer in Washington State, graduated from the University of Washington Law School.
1903(5thof Sivan, 5663): Erev Shavuot
1903: As Jews mark the 49th day of the Omer, the Pittsburg Pirates, owned by Barney Dreyfuss beat the Cincinnati Reds today.
1906(7th of Sivan, 5666): Second Day of Shavuot
1907: Sixty-one year old Moritz Litten the Berlin born physician who was the son-in-law of pathologist Ludwig Traube, the son of a Jewish wine merchant.
1911:Birthdate of multi-talented Ruth Hagy Brod.Born in New York and raised in Chicago, Ruth Hagy Brod had a varied career that took her from the newsroom to Latin America and from the mainstream press to offbeat publishing. As a child, Brod excelled in music, giving public recitals at age six and earning a bachelor's degree in music at age 18. She soon left music behind, however, and turned to journalism, going first to Hollywood, where she worked as an editor for movie and radio magazines. Moving to Philadelphiain 1938, she wrote features for the Philadelphia Ledger. Later, she would write for newspapers in Chicagoand New York Cityas well. During the 1930s, she also worked as a radio reporter and documentary filmmaker. A decade later, she became women's editor of the Philadelphia Bulletin; while at the Bulletin she developed a program that became the "College News Conference," a weekly show where college students questioned prominent political figures. In the 1960s, she began to travel widely, producing a Peace Corps documentary on Colombia and a television series on Asian women. She worked as a newspaper correspondent in Southeast Asia and a Far East correspondent for NBC Radio, at a time when it was unusual for women to hold such roles. While making the Peace Corps documentary, she also served as an educational television advisor to the Colombian government. Brod first entered public service during World War II, when she served as publicity director for the United War Chest campaigns and as a member of the women's advisory board executive committee for the U.S. Savings Bond division of the U.S. Treasury. Upon returning to New Yorkfrom her overseas travels, she became involved in New York City politics. In the mid-1960s, she was appointed as director of public information for JOIN (Job Orientation in Neighborhoods), which worked with the U.S. Department of Labor to provide job training and placement services to young high school drop-outs. Later that decade, Brod served as a special assistant to Mayor Robert Wagner, and in 1967 she was the founder-director of the Mayor's Coordinating Council under Mayor John Lindsay. The Council functioned as a central volunteer coordinator for the city, recruiting some 6,000 volunteers in its first year. In the 1970s, Brod embarked on yet another career, turning to publishing. She published two books of her own (both co-authored), Ena Twigg, Medium (1972) and The Edgar Cayce Handbook of Health Through Drugless Therapy (1975). She also worked as a literary agent, with clients that included Allard Lowenstein, a civil rights activist who was later assassinated, and James Hoffa, the Teamsters Union leader. Brod died of cancer in 1980.
1912: Birthdate of Senator Henry M "Scoop" Jackson. Jacksonwas not Jewish, but he was a man of character of principle, a liberal in the best sense of the term. A Democrat from the state of Washington, Jackson supported legislation intended to force the Soviets to improve the treatment of their Jewish citizens and to allow them to leave the country if they so desired.
1912: “Thirty-six Jews were arrested at the Kiev Science and Art Club” and then “expelled from the city.
1912: With the aid of the police, “anti-Jewish agitators in the provinces of Podolia and Volhynia” incited the “peasants to demand the expulsion of the Jews.
1912: In Russia, “300 Jewish families” were expelled in the province of Taurida, joining the hundreds of other families who were ordered to “leave villages in the provinces of Volhynia and Kherson.
1913(24thof Iyar, 5673): Eighty-two year old Samuel A. Lewis, the New York School Commissioner who abolished corporal punishment and Chairman of the Board of Alderman who was a founder of the Mount Sinai Hospital passed away today in Greenwich, CT.
1913(24thof Iyar, 5673): Eighty three year old Mrs. Bashe Sarasohn passed away today in New YorkCity.
1913: It was reported today that the presiding officers of the Bar Association, the Medical faculty and City Club of Baltimore – Moses R. Walter, Esq., Dr. Harry Friedenwald and Eli Frank, Esq. -- are all Jews.
1913: It was reported today that “Rabbi Louis Jacob Hass, formerly of Utica, NY, has been appointed as Resident Rabbi at the Baron de Hirsch Agricultural School at Woodbine, NJ.
1914(6thof Sivan, 5674): Shavuot
1914(6thof Sivan, 5674): Forty-six year old attorney and Maryland State Senator Lewis J. Putzel, the son of Sophia and Selig Gerson Putzel and the husband of Bertha “Birdie” Putzel with whom he had two children – Edward and Margaret – passed away today in his home town of Baltimore, MD.
1915: In Ottawa, Canada, Leon and Beckie Petegorsky gave birth to their only son Orthodox Rabbi David W. Petegorsky, the LSE Ph.D. “the Executive Director of the American Jewish Congress and World Jewish Congress” and husband of Carol Coan with whom he had “twin sons- Stephen and Dan” who was also a noted author.
1915: Rabbi J. Leonard Levy, Victor Rosewater, the editor of the Omaha Bee, Jacob Schiff, Isaac N. Seligman, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise and Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch were among those who received invitations today “urging their attendance at the conference to held in Independence Hall to consider the adoption of proposals for a League of Peace and to decide upon steps to be taken for obtaining the support of public opinion…”
1915: It was reported today that the eighth convention of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America has adopted “a message of loyalty” which will be sent to President Wilson “warmly commending him” for being an “advocate for peace.”
1915: Former Governor Eugene N. Foss will lead the Massachusetts delegation that is scheduled to appear before the Georgia Prison Commission in Atlanta “to argue for the commutation for Leo M. Frank and present clemency petitions bearing the signatures of 20,000 persons.”
1915: “A strong delegation from Savannah” which “will be headed by Samuel B. Adams, ex-Justice of the State Supreme Court, A.A. Lawrence, State Senator-elect and T. Mayhew Cunningham, a prominent jurist” is scheduled to appeal to the Prison Board today on behalf of clemency for Leo Frank.
1915: Leo Frank, who had been sentenced to hang, appealed to the Georgia State Prison Commission that his sentence be commuted to life imprisonment.
1915: “The seventh annual convention of the Federation of Russian Polish Hebrews of America” “which represent 30,000 Russian Polish Jews in the United States, passed a resolution favoring the sending of a petition to the State Prison Commission at Atlanta, GA asking that the sentence of Leo M. Frank be commuted.”
1915: “President Wilson received a telegram today from the Independent Order of Sons of Israel telling him that ex-Governor Foss of Massachusetts and a delegation had left for Atlanta, GA to ask the Governor to commute the sentence of Leo M. Frank” and asking him “to intercede in the case.”
1915: The American Jewish, Central and Peoples' Relief Committees gave $190,282 to Jews living in Palestine, $4,000 to Jews living in Alexandria and $59,500 to Jews living in Greece and Turkey.
1915: “The hearing on the petition of Leo M. Franks for a commutation of sentence from death to life imprisonment was begun before the State Prison Commission this morning at 10 o’clock and was concluded this afternoon shortly before 5. The Commission took the case under advisement. Frank, who was represent by former Congressman W. M Howard did not appear at the hearing.
1916: Hearings being conducting by the State Adjutant General into charges of anti-Semitism in the selection process for members of certain units including Battery D of the Second Field Artillery are scheduled to begin again today.
1916: In Stoke Newington, London, “Harry Lewis and the former Levy gave birth to Bernard Lewis, the Jew who specialized in “the history of Islam” when such a study was not in vogue and pursued a career at Princeton and the Institute for Advanced Study to which this blog can do not begin to do justice. (Editor’s Note: I have read his works and all that I can say is that I need to read them again and American history would have been far different if those in the Bush administration had read them after 9/11.)
1917: Birthdate of Morris Albert Adelman, “an energy economist who marshaled free-market principles and hard data in arguing that the world’s oil supply was not running out.” (As reported by Douglas Martin)
1917: Abram I. Elkus, the U.S. Ambassador to Turkey who was suffering from Typhus when the U.S. declared war on Germany and therefore unable to leave the country as ordered by the government at Constantinople was finally able to leave for Switzerland, a way station on his eventual destination – the United States.
1918: Commander Jacob H. Klein, Jr., the skipper of the U.S.S. Smith which during World War protected the “vitally important convoys of troop and cargo ships’ as they made their way through submarine infested waters was responsible for “rescuing the crew of the U.S.S. President Lincoln” today “after that ship had been torpedoed.”
1918: The meeting of the Chicago Branch of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America is scheduled to be held this evening at the Hotel La Salle.
1918: As violent attacks continue against Jews in Poland, in Cracow the authorities permitted “distribution of proclamations accusing Jews if murdering a Christian girl who had, in fact, been killed by the police during a pogrom.”
1918: In Cracow, the Premier and Minister of Interior met with a group of Jewish leaders and “promised to takes measures against future outbreaks of violence.”
1918: After two days of debate a proposal of Herr Heins to “disenfranchise the Jews in Prussia” was withdrawn today.
1919(2ndof Sivan, 5679): Parashat Bamibar
1919: Services were held today at Beth Israel Synagogue during the National Conference of Jewish Charities at Atlantic City.
1919: It was reported today that Michael Aaaronsoh, and Jacob Marcus who was appointed sergeant-major were among the first students at Hebrew Union College to have enlisted in the Army and that Marcus, who was promoted to the rank of 2ndLieutenant when her arrived in France is expected to return home soon while Aaronsohn who was promoted to the rank of Sergeant-Major was blinded while “trying to rescue a wounded comrade during fighting in the Argonne Forest.”
1919: The partly decomposed corpse of Rosa Luxemburg was found in one of the locks of Berlin’s Landwehr Canal.
1919: After two day of debate, the proposal of Herr Heins to disenfranchise the Jews in Prussia which he called for as a requirement for his support of an “Equality of Suffrage Bill” was withdrawn today.
1921: Churchill explains to the members of the Cabinet that he “had decided to suspend the development of representative institutions in Palestine ‘owing to the fact that any elected body would undoubtedly prohibit further immigration of the Jews.’”
1925(8thof Sivan, 5685): Seventy-eight year old Albert Mosse, the German jurist who advised the Japanese during the creation of the Meiji Constitution passed away today in Berlin.
1925: In Washington Heights, Mabel Lucille (née Blum), a teacher, and Irving Beck, a businessman gave birth to “American actor, director, poet, and painter” Julian Beck
1926: The Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition which Victor Rosewater helped to plan and for which Louis Kahn, who would became a world famous architect, served “as the senior draftsman for the design of the exposition buildings,” opened today in Philadelphia, PA
1926: In Kittery, Maine, a war memorial sculpted by Bashka Peff was dedicated today.
1926: In Brooklyn Eliah and Sarah Schulman gave birth to Seymour Jerome Schulman a civil engineer who pursued a career in public planning for which he was known as “a straight guy who did things based on their merits” and who served four years as Mayor of White Plains. (As reported by Leslie Kaufman)
1926: The entire Jewish Sejm delegation voted for Josef Pilsudski for President of Poland.
1927: At today’s session of the Fourth Western Interstate Conference in Spokane, Washington, Senator C.C. Dill is scheduled to deliver a speech on Peace at Temple Emanuel.
1928: Official birthdate of Jacob Lateiner, “a Cuban/US pianist. He was actually born on March 31, 1928, but his father did not get around to registering his birth until May 31 the same year. He is the brother of violinist Isidor Lateiner.”
1929: Birthdate of Menham Globus, the native of Tiberias and veteran of the Israeli War of Independence who gained fame as filmmaker Menahem Golan. (As reported by Anita Gates)
1930: In Mishnietz, Poland, Zvi Dov Laska and Levia Zehava Laska gave birth to Haim Yehuda Giladi.
1930: The body of Judge Hugo Pam who succumbed to the effects of heart disease while visiting New York will be leaving today on train bound for Chicago where the funeral will be taking place.
1933(6th of Sivan, 5693): First Day of Shavuot
1933: Golo Mann, the son of Thomas Mann and the former Katia Pringsheim, the only daughter of German Jewish mathematician and artist Alfred Pringsheim left Germany for “the French town of Bandol” where after a summer of pleasure he began lecturing at the École Normale Supérieure at Saint-Cloud near Paris for two years.
1935 Jews are banned from the German Armed Forces.
1935: “Chinatown Squad” an action film with a script written by Dore Schary was released in the United States today.
1935: In Eishyshok, Lithuania, “Moshe Sonenson, a leather tannery owner” and “his wife Zipporah” gave birth to Yaffa Sonenson who gained fame as Yaffa Eliach, the Holocaust survivor who created a massive photographic record of the Shoah. (As reported by Joseph Berger)
1936: “A revival of historical studies bring with it a new understanding between peoples was forecast” today “by Dr. William Foxwell Albright, Professor of Semitic Languages at Johns Hopkins Unversity in an address at the eleventh annual commencement exercises of the Jewish Institute of Religion” which was founded by its current president Dr. Stephen S. Wise.
1936: On the same day when French guards on the Syrian border captured 1,000 rifles that we being smuggled into Palestine, in Jerusalem, “the police said they had unearthed a collection of posters in hand-printed Italian declaring all Jews were ‘Communists and enemies of Europe and Christianity.’”
1936: “Leaders of the British forces in Palestine including Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, commander of the British Mediterranean fleet “met today to discuss steps to halt the continuing disorders” in Palestine.
1936: It was reported today that the proceeds of the upcoming annual “Give or Get Luncheon” sponsored by the Mizrachi Women’s Organization will be used to provide for the needs of young girls in Palestine, including both the native-born and refugees from Europe.
1936(10thof Sivan, 5696): “Today marks the end of the sixth week of rioting, murder and acts of brigandage by Arabs in Palestine.”
1936(10thof Sivan, 5696): Fifty year old Franz Borschard, a German Jewish refugee “was fatally shot near Givat Shaoul, a suburb of Jerusalem” “by an Arab who jumped from concealment behind a wall.”
1938: Michael Strauss “Mike” Jacobs, the manager of Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis was photographed today the Madison Square Garden Bowl with his fighter and trainer.
1938: German legislation outlaws "decadent art." All decadent artists weren’t Jewish but all Jewish artists were decadent.
1938: Birthdate of Peter Yarrow, “The Peter” in Peter, Paul and Mary
1939: As violence aimed at Arabs in response to the White Paper, increased, British authorities in Palestine began arresting Revisionists including Dr. Bukshpan, chairman of the Revisionist Palestine Executive Committee. At the same, at least one Jewish newspaper in Palestine published a report from Warsaw, Poland “that Dr. Vladimir Jabotinsky, head of the Revisionist party was openly opposed to any Jewish rebellion on the ground that in the present state of international affairs the Jews must and cannot fight against Britain when all democracies are grouping themselves” for a fight with Nazi Germany.
1939: Even though it placed strict limitations on Jewish immigration, Arab leaders rejected the White Paper today because it allowed for Jewish immigration and for the possibility of a Jewish home in Palestine. The Arab High Committee rejected any role for Jews in Palestine and asserted that the creation of an Arab state is the solution to the problem.
1942: AuschwitzIII opened up. It was a massive labor camp for the construction of synthetic oil and rubber.
1942: In the Warsaw Ghetto, 3,650 Jews had died of starvation since the first of May. The Germans opened a new death camp on the outskirts of Minsk, in the village of Maly Trostenets. Spring brought on soft ground which meant it was easy to dig massive graves again.
1943: Infielder Eddie Turchin played his 11th and final major league game with the Cleveland Indians today.
1943: At a Meeting of the General Government ministers in Cracow, Lieutenant General Kruger noted that "on the Fuhrer's orders it is necessary for the (slaughter of the Jews) from the standpoint of European interests."
1943: Lydia Litvyak succeeded in the difficult task of shooting down a German artillery observation balloon which was protected by a ring of anti-aircraft guns.
1943 A Nazi prison administrator in Minsk, Byelorussia, reports that 516 German and Russian Jews have been killed in late May, their gold crowns and fillings taken from their mouths before their deaths.
1943(26th of Iyar, 5703): Today, the Nazis murdered Berta and Munio Kremnitzer, the parents of Rama Reis-Kremnitzer and the grandparents of Brig. Gen. Itai Reis, the commander of Palmahim air force.
1943(26thof Iyar, 5703): Michael Henry Cornell, a Sgt. Navigator serving with the Royal Canadian Air Forced was killed today while “on active service.”
1944: In Budapest, German representative, SS General Edmund Veesnmayer reported that 60,000 more Hungarian Jews had been deported in the last six days. The total for the past 16 days stood at 204,312. This day 42 dead bodies were removed from the Berkenau bound trains.
1944 (9th of Sivan, 5704): The Jewish community of Khonia, Crete,which traced its history back toRoman times, came to an end when the ship Danai, into which all the Jews had been herded, was towed out to sea and sunk
1944: A Hungarian deportation train stops near the German border so 42 corpses could be removed.
1944: At the Auschwitz rail junction, German soldiers who encounter a sealed deportation train carrying Hungarian Jews to the Birkenau death camp defy threats of SS guards and give water and food to pleading prisoners. (Could this be a reference to scene in the film “Schinlder’s List” where Schindler provides water for a group of Jews trapped in box cars?)
1944: An SS man and a Jewish girl with whom he has fallen in love are executed. The German has hidden the girl for months, keeping her from the gas chambers.
1944: Having not heard a response from the telegram he had sent on May 27, Joel Brand sent another telegram to his wife telling her the he intended to leave for Budapest on June 4. Unbeknownst to him, his wife was being held by the Arrow Cross.
1944: The Bielski brothers continued their fight against the Nazis while providing safe haven to over a thousand Jews.
1945(19thof Sivan, 5705): Russian born impressionist painter Leonid Pasternak passed away today at Oxford where he had gone to live to escape the Nazis and the Soviets. He was the father of Boris Pasternak
1945: Today, on the closing day of a conference “sponsored by the American Federation for Polish Jews at the Hotel Roosevelt” plans were announced for the formation of “a new World Federation of Polish Jewry” led by Dr. Joseph Tenenbaum.
1945: In London, Lord Wright told those attending the opening session of the United Nations War Commission, the organization “is seeking special methods of dealing with the mass criminality emanating from a master criminal and his entourage characteristic of Nazi atrocities” but that “how to handle the question of crimes against Jews generally and particularly against German Jews was still being examined.
1946(1stof Sivan, 5706): Rosh Chodesh Sivan
1946: During an English language broadcast on Radio Moscow, “commentator Mikhail Mikahilov said that United Nations participation would be need to settle the…problem of Palestine” and that “negotiations between Britain and America cannot settle this serious problem.”
1947: “Speaking in the name of Christian representative leaders from seventy-six communities in twenty-seven states, the American Christian Palestine Committee ended a three-day national seminar in near-by Highland Park tonight with a plea to President Truman to implement the established American policy with regard to Palestine.”
1948: Birthdate of Rhea Perlman. The Brooklyn born actress, created the character of Carla on Cheers and Zena in the television comedy “Taxi. “
1948: Representatives of the Protestant and Catholic faiths joined more than 500 Reform Jewish leaders from a score of States at a testimonial dinner at the Netherlands Plaza Hotel in honor or Dr. Julian Morgenstern, who is retiring as president of Hebrew Union College.
1948: “In further moves to relieve pressures on the coastal strip and to ward off disaster two columns of Israeli armored cars were advancing to on Jenin.” One column was advancing from Afula while the other was coming from Megiddo which was the scene of a counter-attack by Trans-Jordan’s Arab Legion. In the south, the Arab Legion was reported to have massed two hundred armored vehicles at Rameleh which will be used in the fight to keep the road from Jerusalem to the Coast Plain from being opened to Jewish convoys. At the same time the Egyptians have amassed 500 armored vehicles twenty miles south of Jaffa as part of what appears to be another move against Tel Aviv.
1948: Moti Alon took off in the only undamaged S-199 this “morning to escort a Tel Aviv Squadron Dragon Rapide to support the Seventh Brigade at Latrun. He flew several sorties and by the time he called it a day, one mechanic said, "His machine was so full of holes, we didn't know how he kept it flying."
1948: An Order of the Day, signed by David Ben Gurion, which included the following statement, was issued.“On the establishment of the State of Israel, the Haganah has emerged from the underground and has become a regular army…Without the Haganah’s experience, plan, skill in operation and command, its devotion and valor, the Yishuv could not have held it ground on the dreadful trial of arms it had to face during these six months and we would not have attained the State of Israel.”
1949: Birthdate of Methodist minister Wallace S. Wade who became Asher Wade when he converted to Judaism and pursued a career as an Orthodox Rabbi and psychotherapist.
1949: Today, the Mayor of New York “proclaimed June as ‘UJA Month’ on behalf of the United Jewish Appeal of Greater of New York” and called upon all New Yorkers “to support the lifesaving humanitarian work” of the organization.
1951: The address of “The Hildesheimer Rabbinical Seminary” was renamed and renumbered as Tucholskystraße 40” today.
1952(7thof Sivan, 5712): Second Day of Shavuot is observed for the last time during the Presidency of Harry Truman, “the godfather of Israeli independence.
1952: Birthdate of Marina Gershman who made Aliyah in 1991 where as Marina Solodkin she fashioned a successful political career including serving in the Knesset.
1955: The final episode of Danger an American anthology series on CBS which included performances by Walter Matthau and shows produced by Sidney Lumet was broadcast today by CBS
1955: A revival of Frank Loesser’s “Guys Dolls” opened today at the New York City Center starring Walter Matthau as Nathan Detroit.
1955: In New York City, Dr. Leonard Essman and his wife Zora who “taught Russian at Sarah Lawrence” gave birth to comedian, actress and producer Susan “Susie” Essman
1957: Playwright Arthur Miller is convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to denounce writers with alleged Communist views to the House Un-American Activities Committee
1957: Anshe Chesed’s new facility known as Fairmount Temple was dedicated today in Beachwood, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland. The building was designed by Percival Goodman and cemented the reform congregation’s move to suburbia.
1959: Funeral services were held today for Des Moines, Iowa native Elliot E. Cohen, the founding editor of Commentary magazine.
1962: Adolf Eichmann, head of the Jewish department of the Gestapo, the first Nazi to be condemned by the Jewish state, was hanged.
1963: Birthdate of Canadian comedian Jeremy Hotz.
1964: Birthdate of Canadian lawyer and media magnate, Leonard Asper, Brandeis U. alum and son of the late Isadore Asper.
1965: Jordanian Legionnaires fired on the neighborhood of Musrara in Jerusalem, killing two civilians and wounding four.
1967: With the announcement of the alliance between Egyptand Jordan,Israelwas faced with the possibility of having to fight a war on three fronts – the Sinai, the Golan and the West Bank – Egypt, Syria and Jordan
1967: Contingents of the Iraqi Army arrived in Egypt with plans to join in the upcoming war with Israel.
1967: The government of Egypt declared that Eilat, Israel’s southern port, had been illegally occupied by Israel. With Egyptian troops stationed a few miles away at Taba, the Israel felt even more threatened.
1967: At Nasser’s insistence, Ahmed Shukeiry, head of the PLO, flew back to Jordan with King Hussein. He then went to Jordanian occupied portion of Jerusalem where he promises the Jews of Israel that after the war they will either have not survived or will be ‘repatriated.’
1969: After 45 previews and 132 performances at the Mark Hellinger Theatre the curtain comes down “Dear World,” a Broadway musical with a “book” co-authored by Jerome Lawrence with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman.
1970: Kermit the Frog (who was not Jewish) performed Anthony Newly’s “What Kind of Fool Am I?” on the Ed Sullivan Show today.
1971(7thof Sivan, 5731): Second Day of Shavuot
1971(7thof Sivan, 5731): Seventy-five year old Jim Novy, the Austin, TX businessman and leader of the Jewish community who worked to save Jews from the Holocaust and was close friend of Lyndon Johnson passed away today.
1974: Harry Meyer Archibald Primrose, 6th Earl of Rosebery the son of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery and Hannah Primrose, Countess of Rosebery the only child of Baron Mayer de Rothschild who served as General Allenby’s Military Secretary in Palestine, passed away today.
1974: The involvement of the Golani forces in the war of attrition against Syria came to an end with the signing of the disengagement agreement.
1974: After Henry Kissinger conducted a feverish round of shuttle diplomacy between Damascus and Jerusalem, the separation of forces agreement between Israel and Syria was signed in Geneva. This marked the formal end the hostilities known as the Yom Kippur War.
1975: While driving to Tan-Tan, Morocco, Larry Blyden’s was knocked unconscious and hospitalized after his car went off the road and overturned.
1976(2ndof Sivan, 5736): Seventy-two year old Rokhl Auerbach who “was one of the three surviving members of the covert Oyneg Shabes group led by Emanuel Ringelblum that chronicled daily life in the Warsaw Ghetto, and who initiated the excavation of the group's buried manuscripts after the war” passed away. (Editor’s Note: For more on this see Who Will Write Our History)
1976: “1600: Anatomy of a Turkey” published today probed the question of a how a musical created by Leonard Bernstein and Alan Jay Lerner could turn out to be such a flop.
1979(5thof Sivan, 5739): Erev Shavuot
1979: In the UK, premier of “The Muppet Movie” co-produced by Lew Grade with Frank Oz as the voices of Miss Piggy, Fozzie Bear, Animal, Sam Eagle, Marvin Suggs.
1980: After 170 performances, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of Harold Pinter’s “Betrayal.
1983: In “200 Singers in Jewish Festival” Edward Rothstein provides a summary of the recently completed American Jewish Choral Festival.
1985: Samuel Lewis completed his service as U.S. Ambassador to Israel
1990(7th of Sivan, 5750): Second Day of Shavuot
1991(18thof Sivan, 5751): Sixty-two year old Bernard Chaus, founder and CEO of his own women’s fashion company passed away today. (As reported by Isadore Barmash)
1993: Marshall Brickman's "Who's Who in the Cast," a parody of a Playbill cast list, which was published in the July 26, 1976, issue of The New Yorker, drew so much attention that it was republished in today’s special theatre issue.
1994(21st of Sivan, 5754): Trumpeter Emmanuel "Manny" Klein passed away.
1998: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Commissioners: Baseball's Midlife Crisisby Jerome Holtzman and Two Lucky People: Memoirsby Milton Friedman and Rose D. Friedman
1998(6th of Sivan, 5758): First Day of Shavuot
2000: U.S. President Bill Clinton and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak met at Clinton's Lisbon hotel in the latest effort to jump-start the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
2001: Prime Minister Ariel Sharon comes under increasing pressure to end a unilateral cease-fire with the Palestinians, as violence continues in the Middle East.
2002: Israeli troops enter the West Bank city of Nablus, while the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat is reported to have signed a law reform package which is a framework for a Palestinian constitution.
2003: While visiting Auschwitz today, President Bush said, ““This site is a sobering reminder that when we find anti-Semitism, whether it be in Europe or anywhere else, mankind must come together to fight such dark impulses. And this site is also a strong reminder that the civilized world must never forget what took place on this site. May God bless the victims and the families of the victims, and may we always remember.”
2004: In “Laugh Fist, Think Later,” published today Marc Abrahams described his improbably successful career.
2004: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Sontag& amp; Kael by Craig Seligman,Teammates by David Halberstam and Amerika (The Man Who Disappeared), by Franz Kafka; translated by Michael Hofmann, a new translation of Kafka's novel about a young man's humiliations after being banished for his part in a scandal strives to stay close to the author's rough drafts.
2005: Jean-François Copé began serving as the Minister of the Budget in France.
2005: Israeli TV Channel 2 starts broadcasting "Yoman Masa" - "Diary of a Journey" ("Land of the Settlers") filmed by Channel 1 news anchorman Chaim Yavin.
2005: Mikhail Khodorkovsky was found guilty of fraud and sentenced to nine years in prison. The sentence was later reduced to 8 years.
2005: Six days after her death, the funeral was held for Ruth Laredo who was buried in the Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, NY, near the grave of Sergei Rachmaninoff.
2006: In Jerusalem, closing session of Biomed 2006.
2007: The JCC of Manhattan presents “Tizmoret’s Spring Sing.”Tizmoret is the Queens College Hillel chapter’s Professional A Cappella Choir.
2007: Andrew Speaker, an individual suspected to have XDR-TB under federal quarantine, was moved to the National Jewish Health for treatment today where the Mycobacteriology Laboratory determined that Speaker did not have the Extensive Drug resistant form of TB (XDR-TB), but rather the Multi-Drug Resistant form of TB (MDR-TB).
2007: David M. Rubenstein, co-founder and co-chief executive officer of The Carlyle Group, was elected to the Board of Trustees of the University of Chicago.
2008 (5768): Begin Book of Numbers.
2009: In New York City, the annual Salute to Israel Parade swings down famed 5thAvenue. The main theme of this year's parade is "Past, Present, Future – Tel Aviv Celebrates 100 Years."http://salutetoisrael.com/parade/
2009: Ben Stiller received the MTV Generation Award, at the 2009 MTV Movie Awards
2009: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Bottom of the Ninth: Branch Rickey, Casey Stengel, and the Daring Scheme to Save Baseball From Itselfby Michael Shapiro and the recently released paperback edition of Dictation by Cynthia Ozick.
2009: The Washington Post featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Alger Hiss and the Battle For Historyby Susan Jacoby
2009: A five-day civil defense exercise, simulating an attack on the country, started today. Named Turning Point 3, the drills will be the most extensive ever held and practice new measures to safeguard civilians.
2009(8thof Sivan, 5769): Eighty-three year old Samuel M. Ehrenhalt, the “grand old man”of labor statistics passed away. (As reported by Margalit Fox)
2010: Israeli Shayetet 13 naval commandos boarded six ships trying to end the blockade of Gaza from speedboats and helicopters in order to force the ships to the Israeli port of Ashdod
2010: An exhibition entitled “One Foot in America: The Jewish Emigrants of the Red Star Line and Eugeen Van Mieghem” at the YIVO Institute is scheduled to come to a close. This exhibit tells the story of the Red Star shipping line, focusing on the lives of emigrants--the reasons they fled, their arrival in Antwerp and their experience with the city's Jewish community, their living conditions onboard the ships, and their hopes and dreams. The exhibit also features the Flemish artist and Antwerp native Eugeen Van Mieghem (1875-1930), whose work depicts the emigrants and the life of the port.
2011: Final day of Jewish American heritage Month
2011: At a time when some are calling for an artistic boycott of Israel, Marty Friedman, who played guitar with Megadeth is scheduled to perform in Tel Aviv today
2011: The 2011 award ceremony for the Sami Rohr Prize in fiction for Jewish Literature is scheduled to be held in New York City today.
2011: World Policy Journal Editor David A. Andelman is scheduled to moderate a town-meeting style conversation entitled “Beyond the Stage: On Henry Kissinger” at the 92ndStreet Y in New York City.
2011: The Israel Defense Forces will ask the state to increase its defense budget significantly to contend with the growing terror threats in the region, Chief of Staff Benny Gantz said today. "The spectrum of threats in light of the changes in the Middle East is growing," Gantz told the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. "These threats range from knife to nuclear – from the knife used in a single terror attack to a nuclear Iran.""The threats of the past are still in force, but new threats are developing that require the ability to operate in a number of different theaters with strength and determination," Gantz said, adding that this "new spectrum of threats requires a new and broader budget framework for the defense establishment."
2011: The Finance and Health ministries petitioned the Tel Aviv Labor Court today asking for injunctions to be issued against the Israel Medical Association, demanding the end to the doctors' strike which has been ongoing for over two months. The petition, handed to the court by the State Prosecution and attorney Doron Yeffet, from the Tel Aviv district prosecution, asked the court to order the Israel Medical Association to put an immediate stop to the ongoing strike, and to halt any future obstructions planned. The Association, whose 17,000 doctors began launching sanctions over two months ago, is demanding a 50 percent raise per hour. Yeffet is handling the petition which offers the doctors two alternatives to the current situation: entering intensive daily negotiations, or turning to an arbitration process acceptable on both sides or as instructed by the court. The appeal stated that "thousands of patients are being held hostage by the association," adding that "as it is a force that harms both the population at large and the population of patients who need medical care that is not of a life-saving nature." The Israel Medical Association was surprised to hear about the appeal, despite the Finance Ministry's announcement yesterday that it intended to appeal to court to put an end to the strike. Negotiations between the doctors and the treasury remain deadlocked since the strikes began.
2011: The Jewish Book Council is scheduled to host its annual award ceremony today in NYC.
2011: Former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert began testifying today at the Jerusalem District Court, opening the defense phase of the ongoing corruption trial against him.
2011(27thof Iyar, 5771): Eighty-nine year old Broadway producer Philip Rose whose works included “A Raisin in the Sun” passed away today. (As produced by Bruce Weber)
2011(27thof Iyar, 5771): Dutch holocaust survivor, author and psychoanalyst Hans Keilson passed away today at the age of 101. (As reported by the Eulogizer/JTA and William Grimes)
2012:“City Sounds,” an exhibit of Jewish musicians and Jewish venues in Columbus Ohio, is scheduled to come to an end at the Bexley Public Library in Bexley, Ohio.
2012: Dr. Nir Cohen is scheduled to lecture on “Love and Surveillance: Politicised Romance in Peter Kosminsky’s The Promise” at the Weiner Library in London.
2012:“The Jewish Woman In America: 1654-2012” a course covering the vital contributions that Jewish women have made to American Jewish life, from the time of the first Sephardic arrivals to New Amsterdam in 1654, down to the present sponsored by the Board of Jewish Education of Atlantic and Cape May (NJ) Counties is scheduled to come to an end.
2012: Entertainment Weekly announced todt that Lauren Weisberger is working on a sequel to The Devil Wears Pradaentitled Revenge Wears Prada: The Devil Returns
2012: International Ladino singer Sarah Aroeste and music collaborator and producer Shai Bachar are scheduled to come to Joe’s Pub to celebrate the release of Aroeste’s third album, Gracia.
2013: “Hyam Plutzik: American Poet,” an exhibit of letters, manuscripts, images and objects about the life and career of this three-time Pulitzer Prize finalist at Trinity College Watkinson Library in Hartford, CT is scheduled to come to an end.
2013: The South Cobb Regional Library in Mableton, GA, is scheduled to a special program in celebration of Jewish American Heritage Month.
2013: Deadline for apply for College Aid through the Jewish Children’s Regional Service, an outstanding organization located in New Orleans, LA.
987: Hugh Capet was elected King of France making him the first of the Capetians. During this period, power lay with the nobles and the leaders of the Church. Among other things this meant that the kings were unable to do anything to protect the Jews against the anti-Semitic teachings of the clergy and the resulting hostile actions of the ordinary people against the Jews. To make matters worse, when Hugh Capet was stricken with a mystery malady a Jewish physician was summoned to treat him. Unfortunately, the King died and the Jews were accused of killing him.
1204: King Philip Augustus of France conquered Rouen, the historic capital of Normandy which had been operating under a charter that allowed for self-government. Considering how poorly the French king treated his Jewish subjects, his seizure of Rouen could not have been good news for the city’s Jewish population which numbered 6,000 and was strong enough to support its own Yeshiva.During the second half of the twelfth century, when Rouen was governed under the terms of a charter that allowed for self-government, the town was home to 6,000 Jews (approximately 20% of the population) and was the site of yeshiva. The site of a yeshiva. At that time, about 6,000 Jews lived in the town, comprising about 20% of the population. In addition, there were a large number of Jews scattered about another 100 communities in Normandy. The well-preserved remains of the yeshiva were discovered in the 1970s under the Rouen Law Courts and the community has begun a project to restore them. In 1215, Rouen would be the site of the Fourth Lateran Council which adopted a panoply of ant-Semitic measures.
1252: Alfonso X is elected King of Castile and León. Known as El Sabio (The Learned One) the well-educated Christian monarch set out to “to create a Christian culture in the north of Spain that as equal in glory to Moorish culture in the South…He ordered both the Koran and the Talmud to be translated into Latin.” One of the most prominent scientists in his realm was the Jewish astronomer, Yehuda ben Moses Cohen.
1424: Benedict XIII the “antipope” who was zealous in his drive to force Jews to convert in an effort to gain legitimacy passed away today.
1434: King Wladislaus II of Poland passed away. During his reign, persecution of the Jews intensified and Wladislaus did nothing to protect them or reinforce the rights that had been granted to them by his predecessors Instead he actually took steps to limit their business activities by issuing an edict limiting their right to lend money.
1571: As a result of a command by the Duke of Alba, the Spanish governor, “a commission at Antwerp compiled the first Index Expurgatorius, a list of passages in Hebrew books which were to be expurgated because they were considered heretical by the church.”
1581 Gregory XII issued Antiqua Judaeorum Improbitas, the Papal Bull that gave the Inquisition full jurisdiction over the Jews of Rome in all matters including heresy, possession of forbidden books and the employment of Christian servants or nurses.
1582: The Municipal Council of Pressburg “decreed that no one should harbor Jews, or even transact business with them.”
1635: Today the widow of William Leake, the publisher who reissued the “Merchant of Venice” – an act that “did no Jews no good turn” “transferred her late husband’s copyrights to William Leake II also known as “William Leake, the younger.”
1656: The Jews of New Amsterdam are allowed to practice their religion, after reminding the Dutch West India Company that Jews "in quietness" were allowed to practice in Holland and other Dutch colonies.
1764: The Sejm abolished the Council of the Four Lands. Supposedly this was not an act aimed to harm the Jews. Rather it was part of a plan to re-organize the tax system.
1778(6thof Sivan, 5538): Shavuot
1775: Abraham Solomon “enlisted in Col. John Glover’s Regiment, known as the Marbleheaders, to take part in the glorious Battle of Bunker Hill. Later he was shifted with his company to Cambridge. When the soldiers received their pay, they had to sign for it on the company’s muster roll. Solomon’s fellow soldiers, many of whom could not write, were allowed to make their Xs. But Solomon could write — just not in English — so he was allowed to sign his name in Hebrew. It is believed that this is the only Revolutionary War muster roll to be signed in Hebrew.”
1786: In Lemberg, Aharon Chaim Rapoport and his wife gave birth to “Galician rabbi and Jewish scholar” Solomon Judah Loeb Rapoport, the husband of Franziska Freide Heller and son-in-law of Areyh Leib Heller, who switched from a career in business to serving as a rabbi in Tarnopol and Prague.
1789(7thof Sivan, 5549): 2nd day of Shavuot
1790: Birthdate of Rabbi Solomon Judah Löb Rapoport, the native of Lemberg who was one of the founders of the Wissenschaft des Judentums movement and author of several biographies including one Saadia Gaon.
1792: Kentucky admitted as the 15th state of the United States. Benjamin Gratz, one of the son’s of the famous Michael Gratz family of Philadelphia, who was a lawyer and veteran of the American Revolution was one of the earliest Jewish settlers of Kentucky, Louisville, Kentucky would become home to the state’s first congregation, Adath Israel which was incorporated in 1842. While serving as a delegate from Kentucky at the Republican Convention, Louis Naphtali Dembitz was one three who placed Lincoln’s name in nomination. He was the uncle of Kentucky’s most famous Jew, Supreme Court Justice Louis Dembitz Brandeis.
1796: Tennessee admitted as the 16th state of the United States. The first Jews settled in upper East Tennessee in the 1770s and to Middle Tennessee by the 1820s. The Nashville Jewish community dates from the 1790’s with enough Jews living there to hold services in the 1840’s and establish a burial society in the decade before the Civil War.
1798(6thof Sivan): Fourteen month old Joseph Defflis, the son of Solomon Defflis passed away today in the United Kingdom.
1803: Nathan Hyams married Rebecca Barnet at the Great Synagogue in London.
1808(6thof Sivan, 5568): Shavuot
1817: In Denmark Hartvig Philip Rée and Thamar (Terese) Rée gave birth to Julius Rée>
1817: In Safed, Rabbi Eliezer Yeruham Elyashar, who was also a shochet and his wife gave birth to Yaakov Shaul Elyashar who backed the Chief Sephardi Rabbi in Palestine in 1893.
1819:ViolinistJoseph Böhm was appointed to serve as a professor at the Vienna Conservatory.
1828(19th of Sivan, 5588): Raphael Meldola passed away. Born in Leghorn in 1754, he was one of the most prominent members of the Meldola family. He received a thorough university training, both in theological and in secular branches, and displayed such remarkable talents that when only fifteen years old he was permitted to take his seat in the rabbinical college. He was preacher in Leghorn for some years, and in 1803 he obtained the title of rabbi. In 1805 Meldola was elected haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews of Great Britain, and proved a worthy successor of Sasportas and Nieto. His name will ever be indissolubly associated with that of Bevis Marks Synagogue. Possessed of a remarkably virile mind, he was a dominant factor in the British Jewry of his generation. He was the author of Korban Minhah, Kuppat Hatanim (1796), and Derekh Emunah, published by his son after his death. He left several other works in manuscript. His scholarship attracted around him a circle in which were many of the most distinguished men of his day, including Benjamin Disraeli and Isaac Disraeli and it is noteworthy that he opposed the policy which produced the famous rupture between the latter and the mahamad. He maintained a literary correspondence with many of the most prominent Christian clergymen and scholars of his time; and his acquaintance with the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Canon of Windsor led to his being received by King George III. Meldola married Stella Bolaffi (Abulafia), by whom he had four sons and four daughters.
1833: The “Jews’ Law” enacted today “conferred citizenship on the wealthy and educated classes” Jews of Posen.
1835: Nineteen year old Giuseppe / Joseph Baron von Morpurgo married Elisa Parente.
1836: Henry Lyons married Rachel Hart at the Hambro Synagogue in London.
1843: In Amsterdam, Johannes Jonas Wertheim and Maria Rosenik gave birth to Karel Abraham Wertheim
1845: Birthdate of Caroline von Gomperz-Bettelheim “a Hungarian-Austrian court singer and member of the Royal Opera, Vienna” who was the older sister of Anton Bettelheim.
1846(7thof Sivan, 5606): Second Day of Shavuot, Yizkor
1847: At St. Helier, Maurice S. Mawson of Pernambuco married Rose Phillips, the second daughter of Michael Phillips of Jersey (As reported by the Jewish Chronicle.
1853: A description of an attack by Greeks on the Jews of Smyrna during Easter which may have been started by Russian agents and which was put down by the Turks was published today.
1901(14thof Sivan, 5661):
1903(6th of Sivan, 5663): First Day of Shavuot
1903(6th of Sivan, 5663): Montifore Isaacs, “one of the best known and most popular bachelors in New York Society” and the nephew of Sir Moses Montefiore passed away.
1904: Three French Army Officers are arrested in connection with the Dreyfus Affair. However, the verdict would not be overturned for two more years when Dreyfus would finally be released from prison.
1905: Carl Jung discharged Sabina Spielrein, who had been his first patient, today.
1905(27th of Iyar): Isaac Hirsch Weiss, author of Dor Dor Ve-Dorshav passed away
1906: In Trier, Italy, after the Jews were attacked by a mob and threatened with death, Bishop Egelbert offered to save those who were willing to be baptized. Most chose to drown themselves instead.
1906: A pogrom broke out in Bialystok, Russia.
1906: The Jewish Herald reported today that “in Sydney, Australia, rabbis are not permitted to receive proselytes on the board of congregation passes on them.”
1907(19thof Sivan, 5667): Sixty-seven year old Jacob Freudenthal, the Professor of Philosophy at the University of Breslau who was sent to England in 1888 where he developed an expertise on the philosophy of Spinoza passed away today.
1907: IN the Yorkville section of NYC, building contractor “Joseph Hecht and Rose (née Loewy) Hecht” gave birth to Oscar award winning producer Harold Hecht.
1908(2ndof Sivan, 5668): Sixty-year old Auguste Seligman, the wife of Theobald Epstein and the mother of German mathematician Paul Epstein passed away today.
1908: The Cantors’ Association of America, the “successor to the Society of American Cantors” was organized today.
1909: Birthdate of Polish-American violinist and conductor Szymon Goldberg.
1909:Dorothy Montefiore (Micholls) and Walter Samuel, 2nd Viscount Bearsted gave birth to Army Major Marcus Richard Samuel, 3rd Viscount Bearsted, the Oxford graduate and wounded veteran of WW II who served as a director of several companies and corporations including Lloyds Bank.
1909: Birthdate of Yechezkel Kutscher, the native of Slovaki who made Aliyah in 1931 where he became a philologist and linguist.
1910: During a debate Turkish Minister of Interior Talaat Bey stated, "Some deputies have spoken on behalf of Muslim, Greek and Armenian hospitals, but I note with regret no one has a word for the Jewish hospital, which renders great services. It admits all persons sent to it by the police without distinction of race and religion."
1911: Birthdate of Bernard Rothman better known as Benny Rothman a UK political activist, most famous for his leading role in the Mass trespass of Kinder Scout in 1932 who passed away in 2002.
1913: Sylvia Annenberg, Beatrice Brown and Ruth Cohen are among those scheduled to be confirmed this morning at Temple Sholom in Chicago.
1913: Leopold Kessler opened the English Zionist Federation’s conference today.
1914(7thof Sivan, 5674): 2nd day of Shavuot
1915: As of today, President Wilson has not responded to a telegram from the Independent Order of Sons of Israel asking him to intercede on behalf of Leo Frank and his appeal for clemency.
1915: Today, “at the final session of the meeting of the United States Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of B’rith Sholom…a resolution was unanimously adopted advising Governor John M. Slaton of George that 50,000 members of the society join with other bodies in asking him to commute the sentence of Leo M. Frank to imprisonment, so that if his innocence is later established the fair name of Georgia may remain unstained.”
1915: Today, the United States Grand Lodge of the Order of B’rith Sholom adopted a resolution presented by Judge Aaron J. Levy of New York” that “provides for the establishment of a Jewish National Congress to which all Jewish societies shall send delegates for the discussion and improvement of conditions affect the Jews in this country?
1915: Although the George Prison Commission had announced yesterday afternoon that the hearing concerning the sentencing of Leo M. Frank was closed, it “decided today to reopen” the case “to hear opponents of commutation.”
1915: Today, Herbert Clay of Marietta, GA, Solicitor General of Blue Ridge Circuit head a party of fifty of his fellow-townsmen” that included ex-Governor Joseph M. Brown and Elmer Phagan the uncle of Mary Phagan “who filed into the audience chamber of the Georgia Prison and asked that the death sentence again Leo M. Frank be carried out.
1915: As of today the new officers of the Federation of Polish Hebrews of American published today including President Jacob Carlinger, Secretary David Troutman and Treasurer Morris Kaufman.
1915: The resolutions adopted by the Federation of Polish Hebrews of America published today included an expression of opposition “to laws further restricting immigration” and a call for “the holding of an American Jewish congress as soon as possible to help the Jews in war-ridden Europe and protesting against mistreatment of such Jews.”
1916:The nomination of Louis D. Brandeis of Boston to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States was confirmed by the Senate in executive session this afternoon by a vote of 47 to 22 with only one Democrat voting against confirmation.
1917: Henri Bergson who would later become a member of the Clemenceau Cabinet was “elected vice president of the France-Norway Committee” today.
1917: Herbert Merton Jessel, who would receive the Order of St. Michael and St. George in January of 1918, was created a baronet today in the United Kingdom.
1917: Sir Philip Magnus was created a baronet today in the United Kingdom.
1917: Princeton University All-American football player, Arthur “Bluey” Bluenthal who had joined the French Foreign Legion in 1916 and “served at the Battle of Verdun with the French 129th Infantry Division” with such distinction that he was award the Croix de Guerre with Star joined “the Escadrille Breguet 227 of the Lafayette Flying Corps” today.
1917: Charles Rosenthal and Philp Sassoon received the Order of St. Michael and St. George today.
1917: Premiere of “The Princess of Neutralia” a German silent comedy filmed by cinematographer Karl Freund featuring Julius Falkenstein.
1917: According to Henry Morgenthau of the American Jewish Relief Committee “$10,000,000 must be raised in the United States” by today “if the millions of Jews in the eastern war zone” are “to be saved from starvation.”
1917: It was reported today that reform Jews had agreed “that Orthodox dietary laws” would be observed “in all Jewish charitable institutions and hospitals” as part of the agreement that has led to “the unifications of all Jewish charities” in Brooklyn.
1917: The campaign by the American Jewish Relief Committee to raise $10,000,000 “for the benefits of Jews suffering from the war” to which Julius Rosenwald, President of Sears, Roebuck & Co. has promised to contribute $100,000 for each $1,000,000 collected, is scheduled to come to an end today.
1917: A memorandum is published describing the distress of the Jews in Belgrade. According to the document, “communities are destroyed, thousands are ruined and compelled to leave their homes.”
1918(21stof Sivan, 5678): Parashat Beha’aloctcha
1918(21stof Sivan, 5678): Teacher and author Arye-Kahyim Godldin the son of a Latvian shochet and mohel passed away today in Lodz.
1918: The Ninth annual convention of the Kehillah opens at Carnegie Hall in Manhattan.
1919: The National Conference of Jewish Charities ended today with a business meeting at the Hotel Breakers in Atlantic City, NJ.
1919: In Queens, NY, “Nellie (Baron) Graham, a schoolteacher, and Leon Graham, a stockbroker” gave birth to “Judith Graham Pool, a physiologist whose scientific discoveries revolutionized the treatment of hemophilia.”
1920: Birthdate of David Samuilovich Kaufman, “one of the most important Russian poets of the post-World War II era.”
1926:Benny Leonard is the chairman of a committee sponsoring tonight’s scheduled testimonial dinner being given in honor of the Hakoah Soccer team at the Pennsylvania Hotel, on the eve of the team's departure from the United States. (As reported by JTA)
1926:Bernard Flexner, President of the Palestine Economic Corporation, announced that the organization’s primary activity will be to help provide financing for the hydroelectric station on the Jordan River and the necessary transmission lines to connect the existing Diesel engine power stations at Tel-Aviv, Haifa and Tiberias. The Palestine Economic Corporation was organized in February, 1925.
1926: Bertha Solomon “was admitted to the Johannesburg Bar, becoming one of the first practicing women advocates in South Africa and the first woman to plead a case before the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court in Bloemfontein.”
1926: In Portsmouth, UK, Morry and Becky Morris gave birth to Aubrey Jack Steinberg who gained fame as actor Aubrey Morris.
1926: Birthdate of Norma Jean Baker, who gained fame as Marilyn Monroe, the actress who converted to Judaism before she married playwright Arthur Miller.
1926(19thof Sivan, 5686):Hungarian political leader and government official Vilmos Vázsonyi died today after being assaulted “notorious anti-Semite Laszlo Vannay.”
1927: Hugo and Mathilde Gutmann gave birth to Helen Eakley
1927: Winifred “Winnie” Mark and Victory Aubrey Lownes, Jr, the “parents of Playboy executive Victor Lownes III” were married today.
1927: Rabbi Arthur S. Montaz gave the invocation this evening before dinner at this evening’s session of the Fourth Western Interstate Conference in Spokane, Washington.
1928: Birthdate of Lazarus “Larry” Ziedel the Montreal native who played hockey for the 1952 Stanley Cup winning Detroit Red Wings, the Chicago Black Hawks and the Philadelphia Flyers.
1928: Attorney General Albert Ottinger’s investigation of complaints by the Hebrew Religious Protective Association against certain cemeteries was resumed today when Assistant Attorney General Robert S. Conklin questioned Philip Gresner, Superintendent of the Baron Hirsch Cemetery at Port Richmond, Staten Island, about complaints by plot owners that charges were increased without warning and that even “funeral processions had been halted to demand payment in arrears.
1929: Twenty-five year old Baltimore native Bernard Jacob Bamberger received his Doctor of Divinity degree from Hebrew Union College today.
1929(22ndof Iyar, 5689): Seventy-three year old New York political leader and former U.S. Congressman Henry Mayer Goldfogle passed away.
1930(5thof Sivan, 5690): Erev Shavuot
1930: The funeral Judge Hugo Pam of the Superior Court in Chicago who is survived by his sisters Miss Carrie Pam and Mrs. Walter Blumenthal is scheduled to take place today followed by burial in Rose Hill Cemetery
1930: Birthdate of Jo Amar.Jo Amar, a Moroccan-born Jewish singer whose melding of Andalusian and Israeli musical influences would make him a star in Israel and a popular performer in Jewish communities around the world. He passed away in 2009 at the age of 79.
1931: Birthdate of Ira Pastan, the husband of poet Linda Pastan who “was awarded the International Antonio Feltrinelli Prize for Medicine.”
1933(7th of Sivan, 5693): Second Day of Shavuot
1933: The League of Nations approves The Bernheim petition which is a protest aimed at Nazi anti-Jewish legislation in German Upper Silesia.
1933: Martin Riesenburger began serving ‘the Jewish Community in Berlin” where he served as the rabbi “in the Jewish old people's home in Grosse Hamburger Strasse and in the Jewish Hospital.”
1933:American modernist writer Gertrude Stein published her autobiography, ironically titled The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas,
1936(11th of Sivan, 5696): As Arab attacks continue, snipers fired on two buses near Jerusalem, killing one Jewish rider and wounding two others. In the evening, a Jewish constable in Givat Shaoul was shot at by unknown assailants. This is the same district of Jerusalem where another Jews was killed yesterday.
1936: Leaders of the current Arab uprising reportedly have sent letters to wealthy Arabs “threatening their lives and homes unless they” provide economic support for the uprising. In response, the targets of the demands are “fleeing to Egypt, Lebanon and Europe.
1936: “A 50 year old Jewish merchant Moszek Laufer, his wife and three other customers were wounded this morning when a bomb exploded in a baker at Milsona” which is near Warsaw and “has long be a center of the anti-Semitic National Radicals.”
1936: “H.H. Trusted, speaking for the mandatory power assured the League of Nations permanent mandates commission this afternoon” that “the British Government regards the establishment of order in Palestine as of first importance and will not be deflected from its policy by riots or threats.”
1936: Alexander Kowalskis was sentenced to “two months in prison for singing anti-Semitic songs in Warsaw’s streets and courtyards” which were intended to stir up racial hatreds.
1936: Arab snipers fired on Jewish motor vehicles in Palestine including two buses outside of Jerusalem which one Jew dead and two more wounded.
1936: At the conclusion of its conference today, “the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland…expressed the opinion that no useful purpose would be “served by the appointment of a royal commission to investigate the grievance of Arabs and Jews in Palestine” and that the cause of peace would be better served by the government taking “steps to make possible greatly accelerated immigration of Jews in Palestine and Trans-Jordan.
1937: Birthdate of Muhammed Wattad, “an Israeli Arab politician who served as an MK between 1981 and 1988.
1938: Superman created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster made his first appearance in D.C. Comics’ Action Comics Series issue #1 which sold for 10 cents.
1940: It was reported today that the Jewish Institute of Religion plans on conferring an honorary degree of Doctor Hebrew Letters on Rabbi Moses Schorr who is currently being held in a Soviet prison
1941(6th of Sivan, 5701): Shavuot
1941: German mathematician Kurt Hensel, the grandson of Fanny Mendelssohn and therefore a descendant of Moses Mendelssohn passed away.
1941: In Baghdad, Pro Axis Rashid Ali, began his revolution against the British by attacking the Jewish community. Approximately 150 Jews were murdered and 800 injured during two day of rioting. British troops stationed outside the city did not intervene. The pogrom is known as the Farhood.
1941: The Battle of Crete comes to an end with German victory. There were fewer than four hundred Jews living in Crete at this time. “It was not until June of 1944, and almost as an afterthought, that the Jews of Crete were arrested and sent to Herakleion, where they were put on the ship Tanais, together with some 600 Greek and Italian prisoners. For some years the details of the last hours of the Tanais and the fate of its crew and human cargo was not clear. What was known is that the ship had been sunk and that all had perished. Evidence has now appeared through the Foreign Office in London that in fact the Tanais had been sighted by a British U-Boat and was given two torpedo broadsides and sank within 15 minutes.”
1941: The deportation of Bosnian Jews to regional concentration camps begins. By November, 14,000 Jews will have been deported to these camps.
1941: Birthdate of Dr. Stanley I. Greenspan, a psychiatrist who invented an influential approach to teaching children with autism and other developmental problems. (As reported by David Corcoran)
1942: The story of a young Jew, Emanuel Ringelblum, (who escaped from the Chelmno death camp after being forced to bury bodies as they were thrown out of the gas vans), was published in the underground Polish Socialist newspaper Liberty Brigade. The West now knew the "bloodcurdling news ... about the slaughter of Jews," and it had a name-Chelmno.
1942: When Viennese Jews were deported to the Minsk (Byelorussia) Ghetto today Elsa Speigel, decided to leave her 5 and 1/2-month-old son, Jona, behind. The baby will eventually be sent to the camp/ghetto at Theresienstadt, Czechoslovakia, where he will survive the war.
1911: The Hahambashi receives several telegrams from Arabia and Syria describing attacks on Jews. Details of the attacks were given to the authorities who could then intervene.