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A collection of Jewish history and current Jewish events, in date format, updated daily in this Jewish history blog.

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    December 5

    63 BCE: Cicero read the last of his Catiline Orations which exposed Cataline’s conspiracy to overthrow the government of Rome. There is no record of how Cataline felt about Jews, but Cicero said that Judaism was a barbarous superstition whose adherents were born to be slaves. 

    220 (22nd of Kislev, 3981): On the secular calendar Rabbi Judah Hanasior Judah the Patriarch passed away.  Born in Eretz Israel in 138 (three years after the last rebellion against Rome) Judah, as the Nasi and head of the Sanhedrin, was both the religious and political leader of the Jewish community.    His greatest claim to fame was his role as the compiler of the Mishna. The Mishna is a compilation of Oral Law which would serve as the basis for both the Babylonian Talmud and Jerusalem Talmud. The Mishnah is divided into six "orders": Zeraim - Seeds, Mo'ed - Festivals, Nashim - Women, Nezikim - Damages, Kedushim - Holy Matters, Taharot - Purity. There are a total of 63 "tractates." It was compiled in Hebrew and intended to be memorized. It served and still serves as a code for regulation of all Jewish life. Some of his more famous sayings include: “Be as punctilious in observing a light as a weighty commandment, for your do not know their relative reward.”  “Contemplate three things and you will avoid transgressions:  above you (in Heaven) is an eye that sees, an ear that hears and all your deeds are faithfully recorded.”  And the favorite of all those who teach, “I have learned much from teachers, more from my colleagues, but most from pupils.” 

    663: Fourth Council of Toledo takes place. Among the other things the council adopted stringent measures that should be used against baptized Jews who had relapsed into their former faith.

    1349:  During the Black Death Riots 500 Jews were massacred at Nuremberg.

    1443: Birthdate of Pope Julius II, the prelate who commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel.  Julius entrusted his health to a Jewish physician named Samuel Sarfatti.  “More importantly for Jews at large, the pope’s mind-set…did not include attacking Jews.  Benevolent neglect was indeed welcome.”

    1484: Pope Innocent VIII issued the Summis desiderantes, a papal bull that deputizes Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany and leads to one of the most oppressive witch hunts in European history. Innocent VIII seemed to have a penchant for Inquisitions since he was successfully in getting the King of Portugal to establish one aimed at the Jews and Marranos who had fled Spain.  Those caught suffered long imprisonment or death by fire.

    1496: King Manuel expelled the Jews from Portugal Manuel of Portugal befriended the Jews during his first year of reign, but his desire to unite the Iberian Peninsula through marriage to the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella changed all that. Four years after the expulsion of Jews from Spain, he ordered them expelled from Portugal within 11 months.

    1497: King Manuel I proclaimed an Edict which demanded the Jews convert to Catholicism or leave the country. However, fearing most Jews would leave rather than convert, the Crown closed the ports, thus halting any potential Jewish sea escape.

    1590: Niccolò Sfondrati was elected Pope and as Gregory XIV followed the comparatively benevolent policies of his predecessor Sixtus V including “allowing Jews to settle in the Papal States.

    1633: In Bohemia, an order was issued “to the head of the administrative of the castle of Reichenberg: “The Bassewi Jews, who have the privilege to direct their business affairs in your town without any hindrance and a copy of whose privilege is in your possession, shall be supported and protected in the best way and shall have any support that they require to ensure their freedom.” (The Bassewi Jews refers to the family or followers of the “Prague banker and merchant Jacob Bassewi” who “was the first Jew in the former Austria to achieve the status of nobility.)

    1757: “In Berlin, the head rabbi delivered a patriotic sermon of thanksgiving: following the victory of “the glorious King of Prussia over the united and far superior forces of the Austrians in Silesia.”

    1768(25thof Kislev, 5529): Chanukah

    1776(24thof Kislev, 5537): For the first time the Chanukah candle is kindled in the newly independent United States.

    1776:Phi Beta Kappa, the first and most prestigious American scholastic fraternity was founded at William & Mary College. Some of the Jewish members of the honor society include Bernard Baruch, Felix Frankfurter, Walter Lippmann, Jonas Salk, Daniel Boorstin, Betty Friedan, Henry Kissinger, Arlen Specter, Ruth Bader Ginsberg, Gloria Steinman, Robert Rubin, Nadine Strossen, Joseph Lieberman, Ben Bernanke, Eliot Spitzer and Daniel Pearl.

    1782: Birthdate of Martin Van Buren, eighth President of the United States.  Van Buren intervened in the so-called Damascus Affair, seeking to use the good office of the Presidency to protect the lives and well-being of a group of Syrian Jews who had been falsely accused in another round of the “blood libel.”

    1792: William Moultrie began his second term as Governor of South Carolina. Moultrie may have been the first Governor to attend the consecration of a synagogue.  In 1794, he was present for the consecration of the new synagogue housing Beth Elohim in Charleston, SC.

    1792: Samuel Raphael married Charlotte Levy at the Great Synagogue today.

    1792: Moses Jacobs, “a self-described bachelor” was buried today at the “Alderney Road (Globe Rd) Jewish Cemetery.

    1805: Today, “was proclaimed a day of general thanksgiving for Trafalgar” during which  “All the Churches and Chapels were crowded, all distinctions of sects were done away and Christian and Jew, Catholic and Protestant, all united in the expression of one feeling of piety and gratitude to the Almighty.” “The Chief Rabbi, Solomon Hirschell, and the Haham (spiritual leader of the Sephardim), Raphael Meldola, jointly prepared “The Order of Service and Special Prayer of the Hebrew Thanksgiving”, recited in all London synagogues.  Hirschell, whose normal vehicle was Yiddish, preached a commemorative sermon at the Great Synagogue that was subsequently translated into English and printed; Meldola delivered one at the Sephardi synagogue, Bevis Marks.”

    1819: Joshua Poland married Esther Isaacs at the Great Synagogue today.

    1824: Jacob Mandelbaum, a native of “Sachsen-Weimar” and Bella Epstein gave birth to their sixth and youngest child Vogel Mandelbaum today.

    1844: Birthdate of Penrose Felisher, who upon passing away in 1931 would be buried at Mt. Sinai Cemetery in Philadelphia.

    1832: Birthdate of Hamburg native Ernst Jacob Oppert, a German merchant who “went Hong Kong in 1851…founded a business in Shanghai…and traveled through Korea” in the 1860’s.

    1839: In Charleston, SC, Jacob I. Moses of Columbus, GA, married Rinah Ottolengui, the daughter of Abraham Ottolengui.

    1849(20thof Kislev, 5610): Baruch ben Judah Lob Lindau the native of Hanover who gained fame as a German mathematician passed away today in Berlin.

    1854: Solomon and Jane Green were married today at the Great Synagogue.

    1859: Birthdate of Solomon Lazarus Lee, who gained fame as Sir Sidney Lee, the graduate of Balliol College, Oxford where he majored in modern history and rose to be the editor of the Dictionary of National Biography.ædia_Britannica/Lee,_Sidney


    1860: Herman W. Hellman who arrived with his brother Isias in Los Angeles in 1859, today left the “forwarding and commission business of General Banning” and went to work in the “book and stationary business.”

    1861: The Grand Jury of Monmouth County returned a bill of indictment charging a man named Radski with the murder of a German Jew named Sigismund Fellner.

    1861: Birthdate of Benjamin J. Kohlman who was interred at the Springhill Avenue Temple Cemetery in Mobile when passed away.

    1861: A detachment of Union troops reportedly under the command Gabriel Netter, a French born Jew who had settled in Kentucky, seized a railroad bridge at Whippoorwill, KY that was held by Confederate forces and burned it.

    1862: Four days after he had passed away, 55 year old Solomon Joseph, the husband of Priscilla Samuel with whom he had had five children, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1868: “La Périchole an opéra bouffe in three acts by Jacques Offenbach” was first seen outside of France when it was performed today in Brussels.

    1868: Isaac Phillips and his second wife Miriam Trimble Phillips gave birth to Naphtali Taylor Phillips a lawyer he held various political offices, e.g.: he was member of the New York state legislature, served on the judiciary and other committees and as a member of the Joint Statutory Revision Commission of that body (1900); and deputy comptroller of the city of New York (from 1902). He also was a trustee of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society, and a member of the Sons of the American Revolution and of the New York Historical Society. He served as treasurer of the Jewish Historical Society and has contributed several papers to its publications. For fifteen years he was clerk of Congregation Shearith Israel. In 1892 Phillips married Rosalie Solomons, daughter of Adolphus S. Solomons. Mrs. Phillips was an active member of the Daughters of the American Revolution.

    1871: Birthdate of Pittsburgh, PA, native Louis J. Affelder, the U. Pittsburgh educated civil engineer, “assistant division manager of the American Bridge Co, civic leader and husband of Estelle May Affelder with whom he had one son and two daughters.

    1875: An interview of the three men waiting to be hung for the murder of Abraham Weissburg, a Jewish peddler, was published today.

    1875: It was reported today that an English missionary named Dr. Stern appeared before the Jews of Yemen claiming “that he was the bearer of happy tidings.”  The Yemini Jews accepted him as a co-religionist until he attempted to convince them that Messiah was the founder of the Christianity at which point they told him to leave their community.  The missionary complained to the Sultan who told the Jews “Listen ye Jehuds, you are a miserable people.  You pray in your synagogues that Allah may send you the Messiah and now when the good tiding is brought to you that he has come long ago, you ridicule the report as you have ridiculed and slandered our nebbi (prophet). In punishment for your conduct you shall pay double the head tax this year.” [The nebbi refers to Mohammed] This episode an unnamed Jewish teach to proclaim that God had ordered him to gather all the Jews and lead them Jerusalem.  Large numbers of Jews across Arabia flocked to his leadership and viewed him as the Messiah promised in the TaNaCh.  At the same, Yemen was conquered by Turkey and this unnamed Messiah gave up his leadership role rather than face the Ottomans.

    1875(7thof Kislev, 5636): Abram Kurtz, William Lasser, William Meyers, Abram Dietz and Aaron Dietz were among the 278 people who perished in the Brooklyn Theatre Fire.

    1875: Birthdate of Chicago native Edwin Frank Mandel, the chairman of the family business – Mandel Brothers Department Store – and philanthropist who donated untold millions to Michael Reese Hospital.

    1878: In Boston, founding of the Hebrew Women’s Sewing Society which was “affiliated with the Federation of Jewish Charities.

    1880: It was reported today that the library of the late Baron James De Rothschild of Paris will soon be sold at auction.

    1880: It was reported today that Trubner & Co has just published Early Hebrew Life: A Study in Sociology 1881: It is reported today that Russian Jews are excited by the prospect of Count Schovaloff replace General Ignatieff as Minister of the Interior given the former’s enlightened attitude towards deal with the Jewish population.

    1882: It was reported today that “five soldiers of a regiment of dragoons…have been condemned to 15 years at hard labor in the mines…for taking part in riots against the Jews.”

    1882: A warrant procured by Bernard Jaworower of the Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society for the arrest of Hahal and Abraham Bronstein, two Jewish immigrants from Russia living at Ward’s Island was given to the Harlem Police so they could take them into custody.

    1832: Birthdate of German-Jewish banker Ernst Jakob Oppert, the Hamburg native  who opened up trading opportunities in Korea and other parts of the Orient

    1884: “Virchow and Herr Stoecker” published today described the electoral contest between liberal democrat Rudolf Virchow, the renowned pathologist and “the Jew baiting Court Chaplain Adolph Stoecker” in which Virchow appears to have won thanks to the support of the Socialists.

    1884: Mother Mandelbaum, the noted “receiver of stolen goods” and her son Julius arrived in Montreal tonight where they are staying with a Jewish family that used to live in Brooklyn.

    1884: Customers at Kaplan’s Coffee House identified the man who shot himself in the park last night as Jacob Asch a native of Posen who came to the United States 20 years ago where he went into the millinery business, married, had four children and moved to Chicago. He had come back to New York in what proved to be a futile attempt to improve his fortune; a failure that apparently led to his death.

    1887: Reverend E. D. Simons of New Bloomfield, NJ, is scheduled to read a paper today entitled “Why the Jews Crucified Christ”

    1889: The Hebrew Free School Association held its annual meeting today at the house of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association

    1889: It was reported today that Mayor Hugh Grant will preside at the official opening of the upcoming Hebrew Educational Fair in New York City.

    1890: Birthdate of movie director Fritz Lang.

    1890: Plans were published today for the upcoming meeting of The Hebrew Free School Association in Manhattan.

    1890: In Birmingham, “Polish Jewish immigrant leatherworker Abraham Bomberg and his wife gave birth to Painter David Garshen Bomberg, one of the “White Chapel Boys” who received assistance from “The Jewish Educational Aid Society which enabled him to go to the Slade 1911-13, winning the Tonks Prize for a drawing of fellow student Isaac Rosenberg and who in the 1920’s lived in Palestine where he worked for the Zionists and furthered his painting career

    1892: Birthdate of Al Boasberg, the native of Buffalo career who began his career doing vaudeville with Jack Benny before pursuing a career writing scripts for films, the most of which might have been the Marx Brothers, “A Night at the Opera.”

    1892: Jacob Gerber arrived back in Omaha, Nebraska after having spent the last 18 months in Siberian Exile to which he had been condemned when he returned to Russia to help his family leave the Czar’s domain.

    1892: The secret documents that had been presented in camera at the libel trial of Hermann Ahlwardt which showed the 520 of the 939 Loewe rifles tested required repairs were read in open court today.

    1892: Pasot Hermann Ahlwardt, an avowed anti-Semite, who is “on trial for slandering Herr Loewe, the Hebrew small arms manufacturer” was elected to Germany's Reichstag.

    1894: The Young Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s League of the Montefiore Home held its first annual reception in the recital chamber of the Music Hall. The League’s purpose is to aid in raising funds for the Montefiore Home.

    1894: “An enthusiastic and appreciative audience” representing some “of the best elements” of Jewish society attended the fundraiser hosted by the Monte Relief Society tonight at the Lexington Avenue Opera House.

    1894: In New Orleans, LA, today’s session of the convention of American Hebrew Congregations (Reform) a group of rabbis led by Rabbi Isaac M. Wise, the President of the Hebrew Union College protested the opening speech by Leo Levi Galveston in which he asserted that “reformed Judaism” was “endangering the very edifice of the Israelite faith.”

    1895: Birthdate of David-Zvi Pinkas, the native of Sopron who was active in Zionist youth groups before making Aliyah in 1925 which led him to a political career that included service in the First Knesset and as the first Minister of Transport.

    1895: Hermann Ahlwardt, a member of the Reichstag who is about to commence a speaking tour in the United States said that he stands “on the grounds of racial, not religious anti-Semitism” and the he is “striving to unite the working people and the artisans against the Jews” who “achieve nothing through their own honest efforts.”

    1895: Dr. S. Solis Cohen of Philadelphia is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “Judaism a Living Force,” the second in a series of talks sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Association followed by a performance of the Amateur Philharmonic Orchestra.

    1896: Oscar Altman and Rose Wachtel became engaged according to information she later included in her breach of promise suit filed against Altman.

    1897: Birthdate of Gerhard Scholem, the German born Israeli-Jewish philosopher and author who gained fame as Gershom Scholem who served as the  firs t Professor Of Jewish Mysticism at Hebrew University where he pursued his ground-breaking academic study of the Kabbalah.

    1896: Birthdate of Dr. Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori who was the first American woman to receive the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology, in 1947, which was shared with her husband, Dr. Carl F. Cori, and Dr. B.A. Houssay of Argentina. Austrian born biochemist.

    1898: “Gen. Porter and the Dreyfus Case” published today contains Henri Rocherfort’s accusation that General Horace Porter, the United States Ambassador “recently said England had financed the Dreyfus syndicate with a view of dividing and weakening France” followed by Porter’s response that “that the statement was a fabrication, pure and simple.”

    1901: In Chicago, Illinois, Elias and Flora Disney, gave birth to father of Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck – Walt Disney whom some have accused of being an anti-Semite despite the fact that he “donated regularly to Jewish charities and “was named 1955 Man of the Year by the B’nai B’rith Chapter in Beverly Hills.”

    1902: In Miskolc, Hungary,  Kálmán Pressburger, estate manager, and his second wife, Kätherina (née Wichs gave birth to Imre József Pressburger who gained fame as movie director Emeric Pressburger who won his only Oscar in 1942,for Best Writing for the original story of The Forty-Ninth Parallel.

    1903: Leopold Greenberg and Herzl hold consultations about the line of activity to be pursued in England. Herzl has the impression that the British government is withdrawing the East African offer. Greenberg is to press once more for Sinai and El-Arish.

    1905: Representative Goldfogle of New York introduced a resolution in the United States House of Representatives condemning the massacre of the Jews of Russia, expressing the sorrow of the House over these killing and asking the President to intervene with the Russian government.

    1905: “In Perth Amboy, NJ, “at a meeting at Temple Shaarey Tefiloh, fifteen hundred friends of the victims of the Russian massacres became so wrought up by the addresses made that they threw watches and jewelry into the contribution basket when relief funds were asked for.”

    1905: It was reported today that Louis Marshall told those attending a mass memorial service for the Jewish victims of Russian violence that “how in 685 communities within the Russian pale, 25,000 human beings had been trampled into the soil on which for five centuries their ancestors had dwelt, and 100,000 unfortunates had been maimed, disfigured and disgraced.

    1905: It was reported today that in addition to all of the memorial services that had been held in synagogues in New York, the actor Jacob P. Adler spoke to those attending the Grand Theatre about the plight of Russian Jews.

    1905: Mr. Simon Wolfe, the Jewish communal leader, sent a letter today to the National Committee working to relieve the suffering of the Russian Jews from Carl Schurz in which the famous German born American reformer wrote, “Let me congratulate you on the word you are doing for the Jews in Russia.  Nothing in modern times has been more terrible than their situation and to save them a fight has to be carried on not only against the barbarism of the Russian government, but, what is far worse, the barbarism of the populace.”

    1905: “Camden Hebrews Memorial Service” published today described the service held the Sons of Israel Synagogue at 8th and Sycamore Streets to honor the Jews who had been murdered the Odessa Pogrom.

    1905: It was reported today that the Sons of Israel in Camden, NJ has raised over $700 to be sent to the Jews in Russia who have suffered from a wave of pogroms.

    1905: In “Wiznitz, Austria-Hungary (present-day Vyzhnytsia, Ukraine),” “Josefa (née Fraenkel) and Markus Preminger” gave birth to producer/director Otto Preminger whose credits include “Luara” and the film adaptation of Leon Uris’ best-selling novel, Exodus.

    1907: “Aaron and Esther (Enteen) Rabinowitz” gave birth to Brooklyn trained attorney and Democratic Party activist Samuel G. Rabinor.

    1908: Birthdate of  ”Shobha Magdolna Friedmann Nehru, a Hungarian Jew who narrowly escaped the Holocaust, married into India’s leading political family.” (As reported by Ellen Barry)

    1909: Birthdate of New York native Harold Joseph Huberman who gained fame as Harold Huber the NYU graduate and began his career on Broadway with an appearance in “A Farewell to Arms” in 1930.

    1909: Many of New York City’s most prominent Jewish leaders took part in a memorial meeting this afternoon in honor of the Rabbi Joseph Mayer Asher, Professor in the Jewish Theological Seminary of America and rabbi of the Orach Chaim Synagogue, who passed away unexpectedly at the age of 37 on November 9. It was held under the auspices of the Jewish Community of New York City in the auditorium of the Hebrew Charities Building, at Second Avenue and Twenty-First Street.

    1910: In New York City, “Russian Jewish immigrants, Henry and Rebecca (née Rosoff) Polonsky gave birth to Abraham L Polonsky, an American born writer and director, whose political views led to him being blacklisted following World War II.  After being “rehabilitated” he made one of his most famous works, “Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here.”

    1911(14thof Kislev, 5672): Eighty year old Leopold Seligman, seventh of the eight Seligman brothers and co-founder of the Anglo-Californian bank and “who with his brother Isaac” headed “the well-known banking firm in London of Seligman Brothers” passed away today in the English capital city.

    1911:Birthdate of Polish pianistWładysław Szpilman.  He worked as pianist for Polish radio in Warsaw until 1939.  He was sent to the Warsaw Ghetto where continued playing while helping to smuggle weapons into the ghetto.  When the rest of his family was sent to Treblinka, Szpilman escaped.  Eventually he was captured by the Germans.  However, thanks to Wilm Hoseneld, a Wermacht Captain who had become disillusioned with the Nazis, Szpilman survived the war. His autobiography became the source for the script of the 2002 film entitled “The Pianist.”

    1911: Forty-six year old Russian born painter and portrait artist Valentin Alexandrovich Serov passed away. For a display of his work including his self-portrait see

    1912(25thof Kislev, 5673): Chanukah

    1912(25thof Kislev, 5673): Forty year old Hoboken, NJ philanthropist A.E. Solomon passed away today at Jacksonville, FL.

    1912: Birthdate of travel editor Kate Simon.

    1912: Two days after he had passed away, 70 year old Sigmund Pollitzer, the husband of Rebecca Pollitzer with whom he had had four children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1912: Today, “Rabbi Schanfarber addressed the Jews of Michigan City” today “and “urged the formation of Sabbath School.

    1912: The ninth convention of the Rivers and Harbors Congress which Jacob A. Cantor is attending as a delegate from New York continued for a second day in Washington, D.C.

    1912: Birthdate of Senetta Punfud, the native of Fürth, Germany who gained married Giroa Yoseftal and gained fame as Israeli political leader Senetta Yoseftal, a founder of Kibbutz Galed and Knesset Minster.

    1914: “War Hits Zionism, Says Zangwill” published today provides the views of the Israel Zangwill of the war on the Jewish people.  Among other things he believed “that the present war will for some years make it impossible to have German, English, Austrian and Russian Jews meet on a common basis, that the establishment of a national home in Palestine will not solve the problems of discrimination faced by most Jews and that at this time he will work to have Lord Gray, the British Foreign Secretary, pressure the Russians to improve the conditions of Russian Jewry.

    1915: “A new Jewish theological seminary which is to be called the Rabbinical College that has been established by the Yeshibath Etz Chaim and the Rabbi Isaac Elchana Seminary” for the purpose of training Orthodox rabbis located at 9 and 11 Montgomery Streets” is scheduled to be formally dedicated this morning in New York City.

    1915(28thof Kislev, 5676): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1915: A hoped for 5,000 volunteers were scheduled to take part in Zion Flag Day which was supported by numerous organizations including David Wolfsohn Zion Club in Manhattan, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association in the Bronx and the Young Judean Club in Brooklyn

    1915: The New York Chapter of Hadassah is scheduled to host a Chanukah celebraton this eveing at the Hotel Majestic to raise money for the Emergency Fund providing aid to the suffering Jews of Palestine which will feature “a program of Hebrew and Yiddish Songs” and “a dramatic reading by Miss Jennie Mannheimer of Cincinnati.

    1915: As previously decided by the Executive Committee of the Federation of American Zionists, Flag Day is scheduled to be celebrated today.

    1915: It was reported today that in Russia “it is not feasible to replace coal with timber, which is abundant in the Russian forests, because the timber trade is exclusively in the hands of the Jews and they have been decimated by the most cruel pogroms or expelled from the west and the northwest which is the great forest land of Russia. (Given a choice between anti-Semitism or winning the war, it looks like the Czar preferred the former to the latter.)

    1915: “Four hundred members of New York’s police force headed by Commissioner Arthur Woods attended the annual service in memory of their departed brothers of the Jewish faith at Temple Emanu-El where they were greeted by Chaplain Blums, heard music from the police band and the temple choir and listened to an address by Rabbi Joseph Silverman on “Our Duty to the City.’”

    1915: “At the opening session of the seventh annual convention of the Federation of Jewish Farmers of America held in the auditorium of the Education Alliance Building” tonight “Jacob H. Schiff predicted that after the war there will be a tide of immigration of European Jews to” the United States “because of the persecutions they are undergoing in Russia and Poland” and “plans must be made to accommodate these people in” rural areas because the cities are already overcrowded with immigrants.

    1915: Among those listed today as having made contributions to the American Jewish Relief Committee to provide funds for those living in the war zones include $104 from the Fargo, North Dakota, Association of Jewish Charities, $200 from the Calgary, Canada Jewish Relief Fund, $1,000 from the Des Moines, Iowa Jewish Community and $100 from the Jewish Conference of Minneapolis, MN.

    1916: Birthdate of Hilary Koprowski the Polish-born Jewish virologist and immunologist, and inventor of the world's first effective live polio vaccine. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    1917: As Imperial forces battled their way to Jerusalem, the advanced guard of the 53rd (Welsh) Division also known as Mott’s Detachment moved three miles north of Hebron under the cover of darkness.

    1917: At a time “when the Turks under German control are deporting Jews wholesale from Palestine,” The Frankfurter Zeitung published an account supplied by Count Ernst Graf zu Reventlow “of a secret anti-Semitic movement which is collecting funds for a violent German campaign against Jews” which is “to open directly after peace is concluded.” (Reventlow was an anti-Semite who joined the Nazis)

    1917: The Jewish Ministers’ Association of American which was organized in March and is led by President Aaron Yudelowitz of Boston held the opening session of its first annual convention in New York City.

    1917: Rabbi Joel Blau of Rochester, NY delivered an address on “Israel After War” at the meeting of the Menorah Society in which he declared that “Jewish freedom can mean only one thing: not merely freedom everywhere, but a free Israel in its own land, Palestine.”

    1917: The convention of the Association of American Jewish Rabbis that has been meeting at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association adjourned today after reaffirming its previously adopted motion express thanks to the British government for the promulgation of the Balfour Declaration.

    1918: Lord Curzon chaired a meeting of the Cabinet Eastern Committee attended by General Jan Smuts, Lord Balfour, Lord Robert Cecil, General Sir Henry Wilson, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, T. E. Lawrence and representatives of the Foreign Office, the India Office, the Admiralty, the War Office, and the Treasury at which the status of Palestine was discussed. (Editor’s Note – This list of attendees should prove that the issue of the future of Palestine was one of major concern to the British as they prepared to deal with the post-war world.)

    1919(13th of Kislev, 5680):  Clara S. Kraus, the wife of Louis Kraus and mother of Muriel Kraus passed away today in Chicago where she was a member of Temple Sholom.

    1919: Mortimer L. Schiff, Chairman of the Finance Committee of the Jewish Welfare Board was among the passengers on board the SS Mauretania that set sail for Great Britain today. Schiff was accompanied by George W. Perkins, Chairman of the Finance Committee of the War Work Council of the YMCA.  The trip which representative of kind of inter-religious harmony unique to the United States, was the first step in assessing how the funds collected by these two organizations could best be used to alleviate the suffering in post-war Europe.

    1919: A delegation of the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) including Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Mrs. Joseph Fels, Louis Robinson and Bernard Flexner set sail from New York for London where they will meeting with leaders of other Zionist organizations, including the Zionist Political Committee.

    1919: The Turkish Minister of War issues a decree releasing all Jews (as well as Greeks and Armenians) from obligation in the military.

    1920: “Captain Anthony de Rothschild unveiled the War Memorial in the churchyard of All Saints Church at Wing, Buckinghamshire honoring his brother” “Evelyn who died of combat injuries suffered at the Battle of Mughar Ridge”  “and his Wing comrades killed in World War I.”

    1921(4thof Kislev, 5682): Eighty-nine year old Austrian feminist Ottilie Bonday, the daughter of Johanna and Dr. Aloys Isidor Jeitteles passed away in Munich.

    1922: At the Conference of Lusanne, Russia pursued its goal to control the Dardanelles which has had a long running effect on the Middle East, by demanded “the closure of the straits, in peace and war, to the warships and aircraft of all nations except Turkey.

    1922: In London, Major Harry Louis Nathan, 1st Baron Nathan and Eleanor Joan Clara Nathan gave birth to Captain Roger Carol Michael Nathan, 2nd Baron Nathan

    1922: Birthdate of Lois Ruth Mell, who would become known as Casey Ribicoff, the wife Abraham Ribiccoff a great liberal Democrat and decent man who served as U.S. Senator from Connecticut and Secretary of HEW.

    1922(15th of Kislev, 5683): Benjamin Levinsky was shot and killed this morning “by William Lipshitz while entering a Broadway loft building where he was employed as a cutter for the Levinson Brothers. He had driven to work in a taxi with Benjamin Massauer, an ex-convict who had spent the night at his home, and who had told the driver to stop the cab when two shots were heard shortly after Levinsky entered the building. As a crowd gathered in front of the building, Lipshitz ran out from the doorway and into a patrolman who had arrived at the scene. When questioned, he denied any knowledge of the shooting and claimed to have been buying a suit when the murder took place. Both Lipshitz and Massauer were taken to the Mercer Street police station where they were further questioned by police. Lipshitz maintained he had no involvement in Levinsky's murder but was caught lying when he claimed to have no criminal record. He had been using the alias William Levine but admitted to being William Lipshitz when confronted with his photo in the precinct's Rogue's Gallery. A witness also claimed to have seen he and Levinsky fighting in the doorway when the shooting occurred. Lipshitz was eventually charged with Levinsky's death while Massauer was held as a material witness until paroled in the custody of lawyer Hyman Bushel who had been hired by Levinsky's family. Although police suspected his murder had been committed by a personal enemy, Bushel later issued a statement from the family claiming that Levinsky had been murdered as the result of a murder contract by businessmen. Benjamin Levinsky, who was born in 1893, was an American gang leader, labor racketeer and organized crime figure. Spending almost twenty years in and out of reformatories and prisons, Levinsky had a lengthy criminal record prior to the start of Prohibition. He was first arrested in 1902 for incorrigibility and sent to a reformatory asylum. He was caught pickpocketing five years later and was imprisoned on a variety of charges over the next decade including petty theft, grand larceny, felonious assault and vagrancy. He became involved in labor racketeering in Manhattan's Lower East Side and, prior to the third "Labor Slugger War", Levinsky reportedly became "a thorn in the side of clothing contractors". Due to his unionizing activities, he apparently became the target of assassination by certain business interests. Other sources claim he headed a gang of gunmen and thieves which began muscling in on the territory of other "labor sluggers” particularly that of newsboy and labor racketeer William Lipshitz.”

    1924: In Baltimore, MD, “the former Florence Decker, an amateur painter” and her husband Gustave gave birth “comic-book artist” Samuel Joseph Glanzman. (As reported by Richard Sandomir)

    1925(18th of Kislev, 5686): Yehuda Leib Levin, oldest of the Hebrew poets in Russsia, known for more than half a century under his pen name ‘Jahalel,’” passed away today in Kiev.  Born in Minsk in 1844, Levin studied Talmud, worked as a teacher before serving as a treasurer for local flour and sugar mills. The first collection of his poetry was published in 1871 under the title Sifte Raananim.”  In 1877, “Kishron Massech” his poem “devoted to a description of the social conditions of Russian Jews” was published.  In a case of Jew meets Jew, Levin translated Disraeli’s Tancred into Hebrew.

    1926: Sergei Eisenstein's "Battleship Potemkin," debuted.  Eisenstein was a famed Russian director whose father was a Jewish architect.  As a “child of the Russian Revolution,” Eisenstein did not profess a belief in any religion.

    1928: “According to a Jewish Telegraphic Agency dispatch sent today from Warsaw “an anti-Jewish boycott has been started in Upper Silesia threatening 6,000 Jewish peddlers with economic ruin.” (Editor’s note – so much for the myth that the treatment of the Jews by the Poles during the Holocaust was because “the Germans made them do it.”

    1928: At the opening meeting of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, Dr. S. Parkes Cadman said “that he considered himself radio minister to Jews and Gentiles as the committee in charge of the programs was not confined exclusively to Christians.”

    1929: “Jewish Honor Roll Lists 4 Christians” published today reported that the soon to be published “annual Who’s Who issue of the American Hebrew will list four Christians” – Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia; Dr. A. Lawrence Lowell of Harvard; Dr. W.H.P. Fuance of Brown and John D. Rockefeller, Jr – “among those listed as having performed outstanding work the Jewish people in 1929…”

    1930: The Baltimore Jewish Times reported that Cantor Abba Yosef Weisgal’s Adolph Coblenz was his “first rabbi in Baltimore, MD.”

    1930: In Los Angeles, “a jeweler and an actress” gave birth to Frederick Lawrence Kert who gained fame as singer Larry Kert, best known for playing the lead in Leonard Bernstein’s Broadway hit “West Side Story.”

    1930: “The Blue Angel,” a tragi-comedy directed by Josef von Sternberg who also co-authored the script with music by Friedrich Hollaender and Franz Waxman was released in the United States today.

    1931(25thof Kislev, 5692): Chanukah

    1932: Birthdate of Farhat Ezekiel Nadira, a member of a prominent Baghdadi Jewish family who gained fame as Nadria, a leading Indian movie actress.

    1932: “German” physicist Albert Einstein was granted a visa.  Einstein was the kind of German who had to use his visa to flee to the United States where he could continue his work and, more importantly, continue to stay alive.  To history he may have been a “German” but to the Germans he was one more candidate for the Final Solution.  As those who studied Jewish History on Monday nights at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids learned, “who writes history often determines what the history is.”

    1932: In New York, Jewish immigrants Bella (Rubin) and Lewis Gluchovsky, a plumber gave birth to Sheldon Glashow who developed the Electroweak Theory and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979.

    1933:Edith Frank-Holländer and her daughter Margot join their father Otto in Amsterdam. Her sister Anne will leave Germany and join them in February of 1943

    1933(17th of Kislev, 5694): Fifty-eight year old Columbia trained physician Alfred Fabian Hess, the husband of the former Sara Strauss, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Isidor Strauss with whom he had four children and the developer of the Hess Test which came about while studying “the role of nutrition in scurvy and rickets” passed away today.

    1933: Utah becomes the 36th State to ratify the 21st Amendment marking the end of Prohibition at the federal level in the United States.

    1935: Birthdate of Auckland, New Zealand native Maxwell Harold “Max” Gimblett the American artist and the husband of Canadian born scholar Barbara Kirsheblatt-Gimblett.

    1935: In Kansas City, MO, Edythe and Abe Trillin gave birth to Calvin Trillin, the journalist, humorist novelist and creator of comic verse, best known for his writing about cooking and food.  A few of his famous one-liners include: “Following the Jewish tradition, a dispenser of schmaltz (liquid chicken fat) is kept on the table to give the vampires heartburn if they get through the garlic defense.” “The most remarkable thing about my mother is that for thirty years she served the family nothing but leftovers. The original meal has never been found.”

    1936: It was reported today that Dr. Wildhagen, an Aryan who “sits on the bench of the Leipzig Supreme Court” was among those whose books were banned the National Socialist Party because they erroneously identified him as being Jewish.

    1937:The Palestine Post reported that Sir Alfred MacMichael, governor of Tanganyika since 1934, had been appointed to replace Sir Arthur Wauchope as the High Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief of Palestine and the High Commissioner for Transjordan.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that in Jerusalem Abraham Perlman, 20, was shot dead and two young girls were wounded when they strolled together towards the King David Hotel.

    1937: An article published today entitled "A Trio by the Thames" described the opening of a four week season of the Habima Players in London.  By November 19, at the end of the first of the four weeks, the Palestinian troupe had displayed "the Habima Method" in a faultless performance of the Dybbuk.

    1938: Following Kristallnacht, 18 year old Helmut Newton fled Germany today with the intention of going to China but ended up in Singapore where he pursued his career as a photographer :first for the Straits Times and then as a portrait photographer”

    1938: Birthdate of Stepney native and “footballer” Mark Lazaurs whose career reached a high point “when he scored the final goal for QPR against West Bromwich Albion in the 1967 League Cup Final at Wembley Stadium.”

    1938: As the Arab uprising intensified, Abd el Bader Abu Saleh, an Arab leader was shot dead by Arab terrorists.  Snipers attacked Jewish settlements as well as military and police installations in Gaza.  Damage done to the railroad running between Lydda and Tel Aviv was repaired within hours after having been discovered.

    1938: The following article entitled “Germany: Ad Nauseam” published today proves the world was not ignorant of the fate of German Jewry.

    How 62 prosperous German Jews were forced to run a bloody gantlet at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp was reported last week in the Liberal News Chronicle of London. Two long ranks of Adolf Hitler's personal Schutzstaffel formed the gantlet, down which the 62 Jews were forced to run. "As they approached between the ranks, a hail of blows fell on them," said the News Chronicle. "As they fell, the Jews were beaten further. The orgy lasted half an hour. . . . Twelve of the 62 were dead, with skulls smashed. All the others were unconscious, some with eyes out and faces flattened in. ... Police, unable to bear the cries, turned their backs." This nauseating atrocity, whether or not the honest News Chronicle was correctly informed as to exactly what happened, is undoubtedly the truth in the sense that such atrocities do occur today in many parts of Germany, especially the countryside. The case for antiSemitism, as it appears to strong-stomached Nazis, was taken last week before the bar of German public opinion. It is to be kept there for many weeks, with more than 1,500 major anti-Semitic mass meetings, scheduled throughout Germany, plus countless anti-Semitic lectures—all under the showmanship of Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels. Dr. Goebbels is sometimes described in print as a barking, brawling, screaming propaganda maniac. Actually the Minister for Propaganda & Public Enlightenment is one of the great political orators of this century. He opens suavely, is restrained most of the time, mellifluent, knows how to whip a point over with the sting of humor, a trifle crude at times—or very crude if Dr. Goebbels is radiorating to the masses. The importance in Dr. Goebbels' mind of the "educative campaign" he was starting last week caused him to summon 2,000 of his picked Nazi stooge-orators to meet him in the Kroll Opera House. "I have never made anti-Semitic propaganda in the outside world," said Orator Goebbels softly. "The dear Jews have done that for themselves. . . . Anti-Semitism is latent among all peoples. The Jews awaken it. ... All we have done is to eliminate Jews from public life in Germany. Let the English say what they will, what we do is our business! . . . After five-and-one-half years of National Socialism, the Jews still have in Germany proportionately four-and-one-half times as much wealth as the Aryans!" From this Dr. Goebbels proceeded to an economic attack on the Jewish Question. According to him, if the average German owned as much as the average German Jew still owns today, the national wealth of the Reich would be not as at present some 200 billion marks but over 900 billion marks. As though for a Liberty Loan Drive, the Ministry for Propaganda and Public Enlightenment rushed to German "educative meetings" Dr. Goebbels' brand new "educational film" prepared weeks ago—Jewry Without The Mask. This was not all, by any means. With typical German thoroughness, Dr. Goebbels forced the Jewish Theatre of Berlin, which wished to remain closed, to re-open last week and ordered a Jewish director Fritz Wisten brought directly from a concentration camp to put on a comedy, The Wind And The Rain—or else. A policeman then noted in his little book and reported back to his Nazi superiors what was also noted by the Associated Press correspondent: The bedraggled Jewish audience "occasionally applauded" this comedy which they were obliged to sit through by Dr. Goebbels so that his 2,000 orators can "truthfully" tell the German people such things as this: "There is right now a Jewish theatre going full blast in Berlin and playing comedies at which the rich Jews laugh and applaud while poor Jews are starving!" Such despotic acts of State are the most effective form of 1938 streamlined propaganda, but Orator Goebbels of course uses many first-rate German orators—as well as his 2,000 regimented speakers. First-rate Orator Dr. Robert Ley, führer of the Labor front of 20 million German workers (who have to take him as their trade union boss whether they like him or not), declared last week: "The resurgence of the German people had three stages: first, unification under a Führer; second, the bursting of the Versailles bonds; third, exposure of the Jewish enemy and the battle with him."* Dr. Ley did not forget that he was addressing, among other German workers, many more or less devout Catholics, all of whom know that Pope Pius XI has taken the strongest stand against anti-Semitism and inferentially against Naziism (TIME, Aug. 14). Attacking His Holiness directly, Labor Front Ley blasphemed: "The Pope is wrong because he recognizes only one Catholic race. But Almighty God was not so papal as the Pope. He made differences among races! There are positive and negative elements in the human race and the negative can exist only as parasites—as witness the Jews!" Herren Hitler, Goebbels, Ley et al. are the remorseless leaders and directors of the Nazi program to liquidate the Jews. But the merciless hand of 185,000 who eagerly carry out their orders to the hilt and then some are the 185,000 bullyboys of the Reich—the Schutzstaffel, the vicious elite of the Nazi storm troops. Their organ, and that of the Gestapo (secret police) is Das Schwarze Korps. This Party paper recently stated it as a fact that international Jewry had declared war on Germany. Last week Das Schwarze Korps, descended from appalling generalities to particulars. It proposed this program to destroy Germany's Jews as follows: first impoverish them; this will end in the Jews' having no other means of livelihood than to descend to criminality; "at this stage of development we should therefore face the hard necessity of exterminating the Jewish underworld in the same fashion in which ... we exterminate criminals generally—by fire and sword. "Because it is necessary, because we no longer hear the world's screeching and because, after all, no power on earth can hinder us, we will now bring the Jewish question to its totalitarian solution," declared Das Schwarze Korps. "The program is clear. "The Jews must be quartered in streets and housing blocks where they will be among themselves and come into touch with Germans as little as possible." No one of the ghettos which would be Stage 1 of the Schtitzstaffel's plan had yet been set up in Germany last week. But the laws to put Jews outside Germany's social and economic life were being promulgated daily. No German Jew may enter any non-Jewish place of entertainment or education. No Jew may conduct any commercial business or service. The professions had not been entirely closed to them. That would come later. Meantime, blustering Reich Master of the Hunt Hermann Göring withdrew all Jewish hunting licenses. *Newshawks who few weeks ago reported that Germany's famed folk song, Heinrich Heine's Lorelei, had been banned because its author was a Jew, discovered that Dr. Ley had nonetheless named his newborn daughter Lore Ley.

    1939: German authorities seize Jewish property in Poland. Items that are appropriated include businesses, homes, furniture and other household goods, currency and bank accounts, art, jewelry, and other valuables. Now economically helpless, the Jews have virtually nothing with which to sustain themselves.

    1940: British government official Sir John Schuckburgh wrote that "the Jews have no sense of humor and no sense of proportion."

    1940: “The Thief of Bagdad” a fantasy produced by Sir Alexander Korda, with contributions by Vincent and Zotlan Korda, the other two siblings of this fascinating trio of Hungarian born Jews was released in the United States today.

    1941: “Jewish Army Urged To Win Just Peace” published today described plans for a volunteer force of 200,000 Jews that would be trained in Canada and receive equipment under lend-lease  that was supported by, among others, Colon John H. Patter, the English Commander of the Jewish Legion in World War I who “had long advocated the formation of a Jewish army because he knew it would help win the war and second because he believe that that without such an army there will be no just peace, no any true democracy after the war.”

    1941: The Nazis collected 7,000 Jews in the town courtyard at Nowogrodek, Poland. After a night in the court yard, the Jews were selected to the left for work, or to the right for death. Five thousand of the Jews went to the right.

    1941: Two days before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, “Mr. Bug Goes to Town,” the film that ended the partnership between Max and Dave Fleischer had a limited release.

    1942: Four days after his 38th birthday Czech journalist Josef Taussig and his parents – Otto and Frederike, née Federer, Taussig – and “at least five of his other relatives” were shipped to Theresienstadt.

    1943: The New York Times reported today that 34 of the Jews arrested by the British during their search for arms at Ramat HaKovesh were released during the last weekend in November, 1943.

    1945: Birthdate of Moshe Katsav, future President of Israel.

    1946: “Till The Clouds Roll By” a musical biography of Jerome Kern, produced by Arthur Freed and featuring Dinah Shore was released in the United States today by MGM.

    1947: Cartoonist and Chairman of Marvel Comics Stan Lee (born Stanley Martin Lieber) married Joan Clayton Boocock today.

    1947: The U.S. State Department announced that no arms will be sent to the Middle East. [This American arms embargo worked to the advantage of the Arabs who had standing, well-armed militaries the best of which was the Arab Legion, the Jordanian Army supplied by the British with equipment and officers.]

    1947: “The Jewish Agency announced the call-up of all men and women between the ages of seventeen and twenty-five for national service.”  This was part of the Yishuv’s response to the immediate increase in Arab violence following the vote to adopt the UN back partition plan.

    1948: “An Act of Murder” based on a novel by Ernst Lothar, an Austrian Jew who escaped the Nazis and a screenplay by Michael Blankfort was released in New York City today.

    1948: At its meeting in Tel Aviv, the Knesset publicly declared the Jerusalem was the capital of the new Jewish state. 

    1948: First day of Operation Assaf, a campaign by the IDF to secure the western Negev by dislodging the Egyptians who had invaded the area out the outbreak of the war. The first day was a success for the IDF which captured several Egyptian positions without sustaining serious casualties.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that it was decided to proceed with the release of accounts held by Arab refugees in banks in Israel. Arab states made no such offer of releasing funds of Jewish refugees held in Arab banks in such places as Morocco or Yemen. At the UN Britain joined Canada in urging the Arab states to enter into direct peace negotiations, without any preconditions, with Israel.

    1954: Birthdate of music promoter Ruth Polsky,

    1956: During the Suez Crisis, Golda Meir addressed the General Assembly. In part of her speech Mrs. Meir compared Israeli treatment of Jews who had been forced to flee from Arab countries with the pitiful conditions under which Arab nations forced the refugees in Gaza to live.  “While Israel ‘fed those babies and cured their diseases, the fedayeen were sent in to throw bombs at children in synagogues and grenades in baby homes.’”

    1957: “Sayonara” a film adaption of the novel produced by William Goetz, with music by Franz Waxman and co-starring Red Buttons was released in the United States today Warner Bros.

    1957:New York City passed the Fair Housing Practices Law making it the first city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in the housing market. A decade after the Holocaust, it was still legal to keep a people from buying a house because they were Jewish.

    1958(23rd of Kislev, 5719): Sixty-five year old Frampol, Russia native Aaron Maiberg who served with the 39thBattalion of the Royal Fusiliers and “was one of the first settlers of Shechumat Borochov” and who established his home at Idofit passed away today.

    1959:  “Operation Petticoat” a comedy with a script co-authored by Stanley Shapiro, co-starring Tony Curtis and music by David Rose was released today in the United States.

    1960: Jewish Ministers Cantor Association of America & Canada held its 60th Anniversary Concert at Madison Square Garden.

    1962: Comedian Lenny Bruce “was arrested at the legendary Gate of Horn folk club in Chicago.

    1962(8th of Kislev, 5723): Thirty-six year old author Edward Lewis Wallant, whose best-known work may have The Pawnbroker which was made into moving film starring Rod Steiger, passed away today.

    1963(19th of Kislev, 5724): “New Year of The Chassidim”

    1963(19th of Kislev, 5724): Eighty-five year old Herbert H. Lehman, the former governor of New York passed away today.

    1963” “Charade” a film based “The Unsuspecting Wife” by the screenwriter Peter Stone, directed and produced by Stanley Donen and co-starring Walter Matthau was released today in the United States.

    1965(11th of Kislev, 5726): Joseph Erlanger passed away.  Born in 1874, Erlangerborn was an American physiologist who discovered that fibers within the same nerve cord possess different functions. In 1910 he accepted the chair of physiology at Washington University in St. Louis, which he held until his retirement in 1946. While his department became one of the major research centers in physiology in America, Erlanger continued his work on cardiovascular physiology. During WW I, he carried out research on the problem of shock. In 1921 he shifted his interests to neurophysiology, and began joint work, with colleague Herbert Gasser, on the amplification and recording of nerve action potentials with the cathode ray oscilloscope, for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1944. 

    1967: PoetAllen Ginsberg was arrested protesting Vietnam War

    1968: “Jimmy Shine,” a play with music written by Murray Schisgal and starring Dustin Hoffman in the title role opened on Broadway today at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre.

    1969: Four mid-eastern terrorists were arrested thwarting an attack on a plane the London airport

    1969: In landmark case involving “Dr. – Patient Confidentiality” Dr. Joseph Lifschutz who had “refused a court order to testify about one his patients” was cited for contempt of court “and sent to the San Mateo Jail.

    1969: Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the mother of the Duke of Edinburgh and the mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II passed away. During World War II, “After the fall of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini in September 1943, the German Army occupied Athens, where a minority of Greek Jews had sought refuge. The majority (about 60,000 out of a total population of 75,000) were deported to Nazi concentration camps, where all but 2,000 died. During this period, Princess Andrew hid Jewish widow Rachel Cohen and two of her five children, who sought to evade the Gestapo and deportation to the death camps.[40] Rachel's husband, Haimaki Cohen, had aided King George I of Greece in 1913. In return, King George had offered him any service that he could perform, should Cohen ever need it. Cohen's son remembered this during the Nazi threat, and appealed to Princess Andrew, who with Princess Nicholas was one of only two remaining members of the royal family left in Greece. She honoured the promise and saved the Cohen family.”

    1973: U.S Premiere of director Sidney Lumet’s crime classic “Serpico”  co-produced by Martin Bergman with a script co-written by Norman Wexler and filmed by cinematographer Arthur Ornitz.

    1976: “Bound for Glory” a cinema adaption of the autobiography of the same name produced by Harold Leventhal, filmed by cinematographer Haskell Wexler and featuring Bernie Kopell was released in the United States today.

    1977(25th of Kislev, 5738): First Chanukah during the administration of Pres. Jimmy Carter.

    1977:The Jerusalem Postreported Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's warning that if Israel wanted the previous month's mutual non-aggression pledge to stand, it had better bring a softened negotiating position to the planned Arab-Israeli talks in Cairo.

    1977: “Who Are the DeBolts? And Where Did They Get Nineteen Kids?” a documentary film narrated by Henry Winkler was released in the United States today.

    1977:  In response to the Declaration of Tripoli Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq and South Yemen. The Declaration of Tripoli was part of an Arab attack on Sadat for his visit to Israel and his willingess to recognize the Jewish state.

    1979(15th of Kislev, 5740): Sonia Delaunay, one of the foremost painters of her day and one of the last survivors of the Parisian art world before 1914 died today in Paris at the age of 94. (As reported by John Russell)

    1982: Rabbi Louis Stein officiated at the marriage of Debra Michele Freedman and Andrew William Sideman at the Westbury Hotel.

    1982(19th of Kislev, 5743): Eighty-year old English critic, novelist, and journalist Carly Brahms passed away.

    1982: Schindler’s List by Thomas Keneally and Years of Upheaval by Henry A. Kissinger are among the twelve books chosen by the New York TimesBook Review to the best books published in the country during the preceding year.

    1983: For the first time NBC broadcast “Choices of the Heart” starring Melissa Gilbert as a nun who was brutally murdered “by a Salvadoran death squad.”

    1986(3rd of Kislev, 5747): Seventy year old Moshe Baram who first served as an MK for Mapai and who served both as Minister of Labor and Minister of Welfare, passed away today.

    1984: Beverly Hills Cop an American action comedy film directed by Martin Brest, co-produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and featuring Paul Resier as “Jeffrey” was released in the United States today.

    1989: “Mencken Was Pro-Nazi, His Diary Shows” published today described the negative views author and columnist H.L. Mencken had where it came to Jews and Blacks.

    1990: Responding to growing fear over a rash of Palestinian knife attacks on Jews, the police broadened surveillance of Arab workers in Israel today with spot checks, searches and a new network of roadblocks along the West Bank.

    1991: "Catskills on Broadway" a comedic celebration of a slice of Jewish culture, opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theatre in New York City for the first of452 performances.

    1991(28th of Kislev, 5752): Eighty-four year old Sir Raphael "Roy" Welensky whose father was a Jew from Lithuania and was “the second and last prime minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland” passed away today

    1993(21st of Kislev, 5754): David Mashrati, a reserve soldier, was shot and killed by a terrorist attempting to board a bus on route 641 at the Holon junction. The Islamic Jihad Shekaki group claimed responsibility for the attack.

    1993:Shylock: A Legend and Its Legacy by John Gross is among the twelve books chosen by the New York TimesBook Review to the best books published in the country during the preceding year.

    1994(2nd of Tevet, 5755): Jacob Kaplan, the former Grand Rabbi of France, died in his home in Paris today. He was 99 years old. Rabbi Kaplan was known both for his openness to dialogue with the Christian churches of France and for his staunch support of Zionism. He spoke out during World War II against anti-Jewish measures adopted by the collaborationist Vichy Government. Rabbi Kaplan, who was born in Paris on Nov. 7, 1895, was wounded in action during World War I and received the Croix de Guerre. He completed his rabbinical studies after the war and served as a rabbi in Mulhouse in eastern France from 1922-29 and then in Paris. He became the Grand Rabbi of Paris in 1950, and was elected Grand Rabbi of France in 1955, serving as spiritual leader of France's 700,000 Jews until his retirement in 1981.

    1994(2nd of Tevet, 5755): 8th day of Chanukah

    1994(2nd of Tevet, 5755): Eighty-four year old “Academy Award-winning film designer” Harry Horner the father of Oscar winning composer James Horner, scenic designer Christopher Horner and pediatric immunologist Anthony Horner, M.D., passed away today.

    1995: “Bush v. Vera” a voting rights case in which Edward Blum was one of six plaintiffs “challenging 24 of the State of Texas’ 30 congressional districts as racial gerrymanders” was argued before the Supreme Court Today.

    1997: “Dedication of the Hanns Sachs Library at the Boston Psychoanalytic Society “on the 50th anniversary of his death” which “was also the 65th anniversary of his invitation to become” the society’s “first permanent training analyst.”

    1999: The New York Times list of the Best Books of 1999 contains the following works about Jewish related subjects or by Jewish authors including Reading the Holocaust by Inga Clendinnen and An Affair of State: The Investigation, Impeachment, and Trial of President Clinton
    by Richard A. Posner.

    1999: ABC broadcast “Tuesdays with Morrie” the movie version of Mitch Albom’s book based on “the time he spent with Professor Morrie Schwartz of Brandies University.

    2000:In Mexico, Claudia Sheinbaum began serving as “Secretary of the of the Environment of the Federal District” today.

    2001: A suicide bomber exploded a powerful bomb shortly after 7:30 AM on King David Street in Jerusalem. A number of people waiting at a nearby bus stop were lightly injured. The terrorist was killed in the blast. Police are investigating whether the bomb, packed with nails and shrapnel, went off prematurely. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

    2001: A Villager article published today about Grand Street co-ops selling briskly after going market rate noted that Harold “Heshy” Jacob “prided himself on having operated the complexes without increasing carrying charges for nine years.”

    2003:The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington (JHSGW) joins Adas Israel in honoring the memory of synagogue member Arthur Welsh (z'l), an aviation pioneer who flew for the Wright Brothers. The presentation in the Kogod Chapel will feature a rendition of “the relatively unknown story of Arthur Welsh's role as an aviation pioneer, his relationship with the Wright Brothers, and his life as a member of Washington, DC's Jewish community.” Welsh is buried in the synagogue's Alabama Street cemetery in Southeast Washington. The evening’s presentation will also “include a discussion of Welsh's life as a Jewish Washingtonian as well as the milieu of early aviation. Several never-before- seen photographs and mementoes of Welsh's work from the JHSGW archives, including a small black and white photograph depicting Welsh preparing for a two-hour test of the Wright military planes on June 3, 1912, will be on display.”

    Welsh became interested in aeronautics after he observed Orville Wright's flights at Ft. Myer, VA, in 1909. In 1910, Orville and Wilbur Wright accepted him into their first flying class, where he worked closely with them, first as a student and, subsequently, as a pilot and instructor at the Wright Flight School in Dayton, OH. Among the people Welsh trained were Henry H. (Hap) Arnold, who later became a five-star general and U.S. Army Air Chief of Staff during WWII. In 1912, the Wrights sent Welsh to the U.S. Army Signal Corps in College Park, MD, to serve as a civilian test pilot for a new plane for the War Department. On June 11, 1912, Welsh, accompanied by Signal Corps Lt. Leighton W. Hazelhurst, was attempting to complete final military tests of the Wright Model C airplane when the airplane buckled under its 450- pound load. Both men were killed instantly, the first-ever fatalities at College Park. The Washington Times, Jewish Forward, and various aviation publications, including Fly and Aero: America's Aviation Weekly, covered Welsh's death.

    2004:  The Jerusalem Post reported that the Jews of Oudtshoorn, South Africa, celebrated the 120th anniversary of their town, which was known as the "little Jerusalem of Africa."

    2004: The Five Books of Moses: A Translation with commentary by Robert Alter appears on the New York Times list of "100 Notable Books" of 2004 and the Washington Post listing of the "best books of 2004."  The Cedar Rapids Gazette had previously published a review praising this volume describing at as a great gift for either Christmas or Chanukah.  Considering the text itself and the nature of the commentary this is another reminder that despite oft repeated reports of the demise of the Jewish people, Am Yisroail Chai.    

    2005(4th of Kislev, 5766): Five people were killed and 50 wounded after a suicide attack at a Netanya shopping mall. The five known dead are Eliyah Rozen, 39, of Bat Hefer, Daniel Golani, 45, of Nahariya, Haim Amram, 26, of Netanya, Keinan Tzoami, 20, of Petah Tikva and Alexandra Zarnitzki, 65, of Netanya.  Islamic Jihad proudly took credit for the attack on the northern seaside town.

    2005: Frits Phillips, the former head of the Dutch electronics giant Philips, who helped save the lives of hundreds of Jewish workers during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, passed away at the age of 100. During the war years, when Philips supplied electronics to Germany, he secured positions at his factory in the Vught prison camp for as many Jews as possible, delaying their deportation to the Auschwitz death camp. Frits Philips was imprisoned by the Nazis after a strike during the war. He was awarded the Yad Vashem medal by Israel in 1995 for his efforts to save Jewish workers - almost 380 prisoners survived out of 496 who started work. He said he was no hero and that many others had helped to save lives. According to the staff at Yad Vashem, "Frits Philips, in risking his life to save Jews during the Holocaust, showed extraordinary courage in the face of terrible circumstances."

    2005: A London production of “Once in a Lifetime” by Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman opened at the Royal National Theatre.

    2006: Haaretzreported on the development of new flavors and styles of sufganiyot.  The original red jam filling has been replaced by a variety of baked and deep-fried “delicacies including ones filled with Roquefort cheese, chocolate and halva cream.  (Can chocolate chip latkes be far behind?)

    2006(14th of Kislev, 5767): Chess grandmaster David Bronstein passed away at the age of 82.

    2007: The Maymana dance troupe produces “Adraba” for its seventh Chanukah celebration at Heichal Hatarbut in Rishon Letzion.

    2007: Eli Nissman and Ashdod’s municipal cultural organization put on the children’s song festival, “Yeled Pele” (Wonder Child) as part of the Chanukah celebrations in Ashdod.

    2007:  Sixty one years after he was buried at a cemetery in southeast Washington, the exhumed remains of Stephen Theodore Norman, the only grandchild of Theodor Herzl will be buried on Mt. Herzl in Jerusalem, thus finally joining his famous grandfather in his famous resting place.

    2007(25th of Kislev, 5768): First Day of Chanukah

    2007: “The Golden Compass,” directed and written by Chris Weitz was released today in the United Kingdom.

    2008: At the Ma’ariv service being reciting הכרבל רטםו לט (Dew and rain) for a blessing.  Normally this is done at Ma’ariv on December 4, but when it is leap year on the civil calendar, then the change is made on December 5.  [Editor’s Note: I have not been able to find out why this change is tied to the civil calendar instead of the Jewish calendar.]

    2008: Lital Levy, assistant professor of comparative literature at Princeton presents "Israel, Interrupted: When Arabs Write Hebrew and Jews Write Arabic as part of the Friday lunch works-in-progress seminar sponsored by the Princeton University Program in Judaic Studies.

    2008: Palestinian rocket fire on the western Negev continued today, with five Kassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip throughout the day. One rocket landed in Sderot, and the other four landed in open areas near the city. No casualties or damage were reported in the attacks. Also today, two mortar shells fired from the northern Gaza Strip landed in the Eshkol region. No casualties or damage were reported.

    2008 (8 Kislev 5769): Richard Topus, a pigeon trainer in World War II, passed away at the age of 84.

    2008 (8 Kislev 5769): A. Bernard Ackerman, a founding figure in the field of dermatopathology who trained a generation of doctors to recognize skin diseases under the microscope passed away today at his home in Manhattan at the age of 72.

    2009: In Cedar Rapids, Saturday morning traditional minyan at Temple Judah is dedicated to Jewish Book Month.

    2009(18th of Kislev, 5770): Levi Yitzchak Horowitz, the second Rebbe of the Bostoner Chasidim (Boston Chassidic Sect) passed away today in Israel. According to some sources the Bostoner Chasidim are the first Chassidic organization to have started in the United States as opposed to having here from Europe.

    2009: Mark Eliyahu and percussionist/clarinetist Daniel Yaakov Zol will be accompanying Wieder-Magen and the TCJ when they perform at Mishkenot Sha'ananim at 9 p.m.

    2009: In Washington, D.C., the 20thWashington Jewish Film Festival includes screenings of “Camera Obscura,” a film about life among a colony of 19th century Argentinean Jews and “My Mother’s Courage,” in which the renowned Hungarian Jewish playwright, director and actor George Tabori who passed away in 2007, tells the true story of what happened to his mother Elsa (Pauline Collins), 50 years earlier during the deportation of the Hungarian Jewish community.

    2009: Opening of the 24th Annual New York Israeli Film Festival. The opening gala honors Elliott Gould with 2009 IFF Lifetime Achievement Award; Donald Krim with the 2009 IFF Visionary Award; Paul Schrader with the2009 IFF Achievement in Film Award.

    2010: "My Mother's Italian, My Father's Jewish, and I'm Home for the Holidays!," is scheduled to have its final performance in Charlotte, NC.

    2010: Yeshiva University Museum is scheduled to presents its “Chanukah Extravaganza!”

    2010: After the Cup: Sons of Sakhnin United is scheduled to have its DC premier at the 21st Washington Jewish Festival. “In 2004, Bnei Sakhnin was the king of Israeli soccer as the first team from an Arab town to win the country’s Cup and represent Israel in the European competition. Owned by an Arab and coached by a Jew with Arab, Jewish and foreign-born players, the team became a symbol of coexistence and a potential bridge between Israel and its 1.4 million Arab citizens.” This is but one in a day long series of films and events that range from a Chanukah celebration to Jews and Baseball that are scheduled at this major Beltway event.

    2010: The LA Times includes a review of Job by Joseph Roth, translated from the German by Ross Benjamin. “Here are the tribulations, the Angela's ashes of Mendel Singer, a God-fearing man, a poor teacher in Russia at the precipice of World War II. You can picture him like a folded crow, his black frock coat flapping as he hurries home to his suffering wife and their four children. The two oldest, who are boys, go off to war—one defects, however, to America, where he becomes wealthy and writes for his family to join him. The third, a daughter, runs off with a Cossack and ends up in an insane asylum. The fourth, Menuchim, is crippled. His mother believes what the rabbi told her, that she must never leave him. When she goes with her husband and daughter to join their son in America, leaving Menuchim wailing on the threshold, she believes her sin has destroyed them. Like the story of Job, Mendel's life is one endless test, with a twinkling possibility for miracles. His god's capriciousness beats like black wings through the novel, driving the characters, scattering their fates. Yes, there is a moral here, but not necessarily the one on the marquee in the biblical tale.”

    2010: The Washington Postfeatures reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Scorpions:The Battles and Triumphs of FDR's Great Supreme Court Justices by Noah Feldman and The Witness House: Nazis and Holocaust Survivors Sharing a Villa During the Nuremberg Trials by Christiane Kohl.

    2010: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including They Live by Jonathan Lethem

    2010: The New York Times“100 Notable Books of 2010” list includes the following works by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Ask by Sam Lipsyte, Foreign Bodies by Cynthia Ozick,  Freedom by Jonathan Franzen, Great House by Nicole Krauss,  The Invisible Bridge by Julie Orringer, The Living Fire: New and Selected Poems, 1975-2010 by Edward Hirsch, The Long Song by Andrea Levy, The Three Weissmanns of Westport by Cathleen Schine, To The End of The Land by David Grossman, Cleopatra: A Life by Stacy Schiff, Finishing The Hate: Collected Lyrics (1954-1981) With Attendant Comments, Principles, Heresies, Grudges, Whines and Anecdotes by Stephen Sondheim, Koestler: The Literary and Political Odyssey of a Twentieth-Century Skeptic by Michael Scammell  and The Sabbath World: Glimpses of a Different Order of Time by  Judith Shulevitz

    2010: Cuban President Raul Castro celebrated Hanukkah today with Cuba's tiny Jewish community, a heavily symbolic act at a time when his government is holding a Jewish-American subcontractor on suspicion of spying. Neither Castro nor those assembled at Havana's Shalom synagogue mentioned the name Alan Gross during the gathering, which was broadcast on the state-television newscast this evening.  Castro wore a suit and a yarmulke and was given the honor of lighting the first candle of the menorah. It was the first time in more than a decade that either Castro or his brother Fidel appeared with the Jewish community at a religious celebration like Hanukkah.

    2010: Shalshelet’s 4th International Festival at Congregation Ansche Chesed, New York City came to an end today.

    2010(28thof Kislev, 5771): Ninety-one year old “Heda Margolius Kovaly, a Czech writer and translator whose memoir, “Under a Cruel Star,” described her imprisonment by the Nazis during World War II and her persecution by the Communists in the 1950s and became a classic account of life under totalitarianism, died today at her home in Prague.” (As reported by William Grimes)

    2010: Evelyn Selig, 64, a Laredo retailer and widow and Irving Greenblum, an 81-year-old investor and retired furniture store owner plan to enjoy a Chanukah party with 50 other co-religionists at the conservative synagogue in Laredo, Texas.

    2011: Tony Kushner, the Jewish Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright and screenwriter, and polarizing political voice, is scheduled to be awarded $100,000 for “Creative Citizenship” at The Nation Institute’s Annual Gala in New York. 

    2011: The Tulane University Hillel Executive Committee is scheduled to meet at the Goldie & Morris Mintz Center for Jewish Life.

    2011: Today “Kraft announced that Irene Rosenfeld would stay on as chairperson of the $31 billion global snacking company, which will be called Mondelēz International, Inc.”

    2011: “Through the Eye of the Needle,” “The Art of Esther Nisenthal Krinitz,” “Letters Home” and Yizkor are four of the films scheduled to be shown today the Washington Jewish Film Festival.

    2011: Lebanon filed a complaint in the United Nations against Israel today for its retaliation to Katyusha rockets fired into Israel late last month, Lebanese newspaper the Daily Star reported.

    2011: Israel's Education Ministry issued an unusual order today forbidding any school trips to take place around the southern Israeli city of Eilat, following warnings against a possible terror attack on the Israel-Egypt border, Channel 10 reported.

    2011(9thof Kislev, 5772): Muriel Kadoorie, the widow of Lawrence Kadoorie, Baron Kadoorie passed away today.

    2011: Today Kraft announced that Irene Rosenfeld would stay on as chairperson of the $31 billion global snacking company, which will be called Mondelēz International, Inc. making her one of the most powerful Jewish businesswomen in the world.

    2012: Dalia Itzik announced she was “taking a break from politics.”

    2012: Ya’akov Erdi, a member of Kadima, announced he would not be taking part in the upcoming elections.

     2012: Professor Bob Moore of the University of Sheffield is scheduled to deliver an address entitled “Integrating Self-Help into the History of Jewish Survival in Western Europe´ at the Weiner Library.  Moore is the author of 'Survivors: Jewish Self-Help and Rescue in Nazi-Occupied Europe'.

    2012: The Joint Distribution Committee is scheduled to sponsor “Una Noeche: An Inside Look At Cuba’s Jewish Community” at the Maritime Hotel in New York City.

    2012: Rabbi Marvin Hier, Dean & Founder of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, is scheduled to introduce “It’s No Dream: The Life of Theodore Herzl” before it is shown at The Jewish Center on West 86th Street.

    2012: United Nations forces based inside Syria to monitor a longtime ceasefire between Syria and Israel will bring in armor to reinforce their security because of a threat posed by an influx of Syrian rebels, the UN peacekeeping chief said.

    2012: Police appealed to the public today to help in locating a missing soldier amid fears he may take his own life. Liraz Benbenishti, 20, left his base near Gedera yesterday and police said he was seen on Medinat Hayehudim Street in Herzliya later that day. However, since then he has vanished without a trace.

    2012: With polls indicating “Kadima either barely getting into the Knesset or not even passing the threshold” in the upcoming elections Marina Solodkin announced that she would not be a candidate.

    2013(2ndof Tevet, 5774): 8th Day of Chanukah

    2013(2ndof Tevet, 5774): Eighty-five year old General Danny Matt, the native of Cologne who made Aliyah in 1934 and fought in five wars starting with the War for Independence and climaxing with the Yom Kippur War passed away today

    2013: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to present a lecture by Dr. Peter Hayes entitled “Antisemitism and Homophobia in Nazi Germany: Commonalities and Differences”  

    2013: The Holocaust Education Program & Adult Jewish Education is scheduled to host the opening reception of “Raoul Wallenberg: Modern Day Hero.”

    2013: Ohad Meromi is scheduled to present his recent video Worker! Smoker! Actor! (2012), for its debut screening in NYC, followed by a conversation with curator and artist Naomi Lev at the ICI Curatorial Hub.

    2013: The Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to present “Joy of Israel with Jamie Geller.”

    2013: NPR’s Larry Abramson is scheduled to moderate a panel discussion “Discovery and Recovery: Eyewitness Accounts” that looks at the retrieval “of water-logged treasures from Baghdad’s Jewish past.”

    2013: Nelson Mandela passed away today.

    2013: The Houston Rockets’ Omri Casspi, the first Israeli hoopster to ever play in the NBA, relished the honor of meeting US President Barack Obama today (As reported by Spencer Ho)

    2013: A wet and cold winter storm hit Israel this morning, bringing welcome rain to much of the country and raising the Sea of Galilee by one centimeter in a matter of hours.

    2014: Lewis Black is scheduled to appear at the Music Box in Atlantic City, NJ.

    2014(13thof Kislev, 5775): Sixty-two year old “culinary historian” Gil Marks passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2014(13thof Kislev, 5775): Ninety-six year American photographer Arthur Leipzig passed away today.

    2014: The UK Jewish Comedy Festival is scheduled to host “Friday Night Supper Club” where attendees “will learn how to improve their joke-telling skills and learn gags they'll be dining out on for months to come.”

    2014; Gal “Mekel signed a two-year, non-guaranteed contract with the New Orleans Pelicans

    2014: “Starting today, when Digital Einstein is introduced, anyone with an Internet connection will be able to share in the letters, papers, postcards, notebooks and diaries that Einstein left scattered in Princeton and in other archives, attics and shoeboxes around the world when he died in 1955.”

    2014: “Reports indicated today that the Labor Party headed by Isaac Herzog and the Hatnua party led by former justice minister Tzipi Livni were considering running together in the March 2015 elections.”

    2014: “Frenchman Mehdi Nemmouche, suspected of killing four people at Brussels’ Jewish Museum in May, was remanded in custody for another three months today, judicial officials said.”

    2014: Talya Lavie’s “Zero Motivation” is scheduled to be shown at the Film Forum in New York.

     2015: In Alexandria, Beth El Hebrew Congregation is scheduled to host “Songs in the Key of Light” an evening of song with Cantor Jason Kaufman, Eric Schnobrick and Leo Morris.

    2015(23rdof Kislev, 5776): Shabbat Va-yayshev

    2015(23rdof Kislev, 5776): Eighty-eight year old literary agent Timothy Seldes passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2016: “A.K.A. Nadia” and “Nazareth Cinema Lady” are scheduled to be shown at the 10thAnnual Other Israel Film Festival.

    2016: The Center for Jewish History, Forward, American Jewish Historical Society, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research and Jewish Book Council are scheduled to host “Have I Got a Story for You: More than a Century of Fiction from the Forward,

    2016: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host “Jewish Voice, “an annual event with readings by prominent Jewish poets and writers.”

    2016: Today, “Gimlet Media announced” that Arnold Stephen “A.J.” “Jacobs would be the host of Twice Removed, a podcast focused on genealogy.”

    2016: “Atlanta Collects” which celebrates the 20th anniversary of the Breman Museum by highlighting diverse pieces from Jewish collectors in and around Atlanta” is scheduled to open today.2016(5th of Kislev, 5777): Yahrtzeit of Talmudic commentator Rabbi Shmuel Eliezer Edeles (MaHaRSHA) who passed away on the 5th of Kislev, 5392

    2016: The Marcus Foundation, established by Bernard Marcus, the co-founder of Home Depot and his wife Billi said today “it would make a $38 million donation to a new Hillel staffing initiatives – Talent Grants.”

    2017: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to offer the third part of Yitzhak Lewis’ “Introduction to Gershom Scholem”

    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Rufus Learsi whose works included The Jews In America: A History one of the first Jewish history books I ever read, continues today.

    2017: The USCJ Convention is scheduled to come to an end today in Atlanta.

    2018(27thof Kislev, 5779): Third Day of Chanukaha

    2018: “Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis and Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London are scheduled to speak tonight at “this year’s Chanukah in the Square celebrations in London.”

    2018:  85th Anniversary of the repeal of prohibition which among other things put an end to Welch’s ill-fated attempt to sell grape juice as “kosher unfermented wine” and provided the Bronfmans, with “a unique marketing opportunity because, unlike most of its American competitors, their Seagram Distilleries had large supplies of aged whiskeys on hand” with which to quench the thirst of those in “the lower 48.”

    2018: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Disobedience.”

    2018: Beit Avi Chai is scheduled to host a performance of “A First Candle Tale,” “a play inspired by Nathan Alterman’s poem, ‘This Happened in Hanuka’.”


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    1060: Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary. In 1061 Bela changed the Market Day from the traditional Sunday to Saturday which may have been part of an attempt to remove the Jews from the commercial activity of the kingdom.  Given the anti-Jewish decrees of his immediate successors, there is reason to believe such was the case.

    1185: Alfonso I the Conqueror, king of Portugal passed away at the age of 76.  Alfonso’s connection with Jewish history is indirect.  Until he proclaimed himself king, Portugal was part of Spain.  Alfonso’s successful secession came only after bitter fighting between him and the Spanish.  This delayed the attempts by the Spanish monarchs to drive the Moors from the Iberian Peninsula. Also, Portugal offered a haven for Jews and Conversos in 1492.  This haven proved to be short-lived but sometimes any port in a storm is better than no port at all.

    1285: Birthdate of King Ferdinand IV of Castile who would earn the enmity of the Dowager Queen for employing a Jew as his treasurer and close advisor.

    1352: Pope Clement VI who in 1342 had had a portion of Sefer Milhamot Ha-Shem, ("The Wars of the Lord") by Levi ben Gershon (Gersonides) containing “an elaborate survey of astronomy” translated into Latin passed away today.

    1424: Don Alfonso V of Aragon grants Barcelona the right to exclude Jews.

    1496: Isaac Abravanel completed "Ma'yene ha-Yeshu'ah" (Sources of Salvation)

    1570: The Council of Worms issued ordinances “regulating Jewish affairs” today.

    1576: “King Stephen Bathori relieved the Jews of Brest from all taxes on account of serious losses sustained by them through fires.”

    1672: King John II Casimir of Poland passed away. King John allowed the Jews to continue living in the fortified city of Kamnets where they had taken refuge during Khmelnytsky (Chmielnicki) Uprising. He also granted the Jews of Szydlowiec several privileges including the right to make and sell whiskey.

    1675: Seventy-three year old John Lightfoot, the English minister who studied with Hebraist Sir Rowland Cotton “and became the best Hebrew scholar in his nation without speaking to a Jew” passed away today.

    1766: Sampson Gideon, the grandson of West India merchant Rowland Gideon and the son of Sampson Gideon, the successful financier who had  “ceased all connection with the Portuguese synagogue at Bevis Marks in 1753 but never join the Christian church,” married “the daughter of Chief-justice Sir John Eardley Wilmot” whose surname he assumed so that he could be elevated to a peerage.

    1776(25thof Kislev, 5537): As Washington’s army freezes in Pennsylvania having escaped across the Delaware River from the British, first day of Chanukah


    1792: In The Hague,King William I of the Netherlands and Wilhelmine of Prussia gave birth to William II who followed in his father’s footsteps when became king of not abrogating the rights of the Jews gained while the French ruled the Netherlands.

    1793(3rdof Tevet, 5554): 8th Day of Chanukah

    1806(25thof Kislev, 5567): Chanukah and Shabbat

    1808: Issachar ben Baruch married Sarah bat Ephraim Gumprich today at the Western Synagogue.

    1812: Birthdate of Hezekiah Linthicum Bateman, the Baltimore born American actor and manager. Bateman was the manager of Henry Irving when the British actor gained his greatest success by playing Mathias in “The Bells” a play based on a translation of “The Polish Jew.”

    1815: Emperor Frederick William III of Prussia closed the first Reform Temple in Berlin

    1817 (27th of Kislev, 5578): Rabbi Chaim of Tchernovitz, a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch and of Rabbi Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov passed away on the third day of Chanukah which was also Shabbat Shel Chanukah.  He authored Be'er Mayim Chayim("Well of Living Waters"), a commentary on Torah.

    1818: In Hanover, Germany, Gershon Hirsch Treuenfels and Rachel Treuenfels gave birth to Abraham Treuenfels the husband of Bertha Budge.

    1820: US President James Monroe re-elected.  In 1850, a U.S. Senate Committee investigated the role played by Chaim Solomon during the American Revolution.  According to a report issued by the committee James Monroe was one of several leaders of the Revolution who received financial assistance from Solomon.  Like the other leaders listed, Monroe did not repay Solomon proving that while some may have talked about “pledging their fortunes” to the cause of liberty, Solomon actually did give his fortune.

    1823: In Dessau, Germany, lyric poet Wilhelm Muller and the former Adelheid von Basedow gave birth to German linguist and Oriental scholar Friedrich Max Müller who challenged the claim of Nicolas Notovitch, a Russian Jew, that the Life of Issa” was a legitimate work depicting the life of Jesus (Issa) which had Him leaving the Galilee and studying with Buddhists and Hindus in India before returning to Judea.

    1827: In Charleston, SC, Rabbi S.C. Peixotto officiated at the marriage of Hyam Cohen and Mrs. Esther Moise.

    1834(4th of Kislev, 5595): Dutch lawyer Jonas Daniel Meyer passed away at the age of 54.  In Amsterdam, the Jonas Daniel Meyer Square was the center of the Jewish religious life.  

    1834: Birthdate of Dr. Hermann Senator the medical professor who was a native of Gnesen.

    1840: Birthdate of S.H. Friendly, the New York who moved to California in 1863 before settling in Eugene, Oregon where his success in business led to his being chosen President of the Board of Trade, Mayor and eventually a member of the Board of Regents for the University of Oregon.

    1843: Jacob Hyman married Fraces Phillips today at the Great Synagogue.

    1844(25thof Kislev, 5605): Chanukah observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Tyler, the first Vice President to take office after the death of the President.

    1849: Simon Hyam married Rebecca de Pass today at the New Synagogue.

    1852(25thof Kislev, 5613): Chanukah

    1852: In Jersey City, Jersey, the committee that had been appointed to make arrangements for the lectures of Mr. Matthew A. Berk on “The Conditions of Jews” decided that they would begin this week.  There will be no charge for admission but a voluntary collection will be taken to support the lectures. In 1846, Berk published The History of the Jews from the Babylonian Captivity to Present the Present Time.

    1854: Birthdate of Jacob Aaron Cantor, New York attorney and political leader who served in the U.S. Congress for one term from 1913 through 1915.

    1854: In Australia, three days after the Eureka Stockade Massacre , Charles Dyte and Henry Harris both of whom are members of the Ballarat Hebrew Congregation took part in drafting “the Eureka Resolution.”

    1855(28th of Kislev, 5616): Amschel Mayer Rothschild, the second child and eldest son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild, passed away. On the death of Mayer Amschel in 1812, Amschel Mayer succeeded as head of the bank at Frankfurt-am-Main, which was the original Rothschild house in the House of Rothschild.

    1855: Birthdate of Nina Morais Cohen—the daughter of Sabato Morais, a prominent Orthodox rabbi and a leading exponent of traditional Judaism— who established her own strong voice as an advocate for women's rights within Judaism and American society. Born in Philadelphia where her father served the congregation Mikveh Israel, Nina Morais grew up very involved in her father's work and concerns. As a young woman she published widely on the subject of women's rights and roles in Judaism in both the Jewish and secular press. After her marriage to attorney Emanuel Cohen in 1885, she moved to Minneapolis, where she became a leader in the woman suffrage movement and in the Jewish community. She participated in the 1893 Jewish Women's Congress in Chicago and returned to Minneapolis to found a local section of the newly formed National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW) in 1894. She served as section president until 1907. For 13 years she drew upon her extensive Jewish education to lead study sessions for local NCJW members in her home on Saturday afternoons (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archives)

    1856: In Navahrudak, Hrodna Province, Belarus, Tsvi Hirsch Lamport and Esther Lamport gave birth to Nathan Lamport, the husband of Sarah Lamport and the father of Arthur Lamport.

    1858: The second session of the 35th United States Congress in which Philadelphian Henry Myer Phillips served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives opened today in Washington, DC.

    1859: Rabbi A. Fishcell presented a paper entitled “The History of the Jews in America” at tonight’s regularly scheduled monthly meeting of the New York Historical Society.  He traced their history from the expulsion from Spain in 1492 to their settling in New Amsterdam.  He concluded by reading the letter from George Washington to the Jews of Newport Rhode Island in which he praised the Jews for their patriotism.

    1861: Birthdate of Sigmund Berliner, the husband of Paula Berliner with whom he had eight children before passing away in 1919.

    1862: In Davenport, IA, the members of Congregation B’nai Israel which had been formed in 1861 accepted and approved a constitution and by-laws.

    1864: A meeting was held in Philadelphia “which resulted in the establishment of the first Jewish theological seminary in America. The need of such an institution was strongly felt, as there were numerous synagogues in the country, but few persons capable of filling the rabbinical office. The seminary was established under the joint auspices of the Hebrew Education Society and the Board of Delegates of American Israelites, and was named Maimonides College." The school began operating in 1867 with Isaac Leeser as its provost. The school ceased operations in 1873 due to lack of support and funds.

    1870: It was reported today that the Hebrew Fair has raised $75,000 so far and the sponsors are sure that they will reach the goal of $100,000. Over 450 items have been raffled off so far including a $200 silver service.  Mrs. Joseph Steiner won a canvas on which Constant Meyer will paint the winner’s portrait.

    1871: “In Schweinfurt, Germany, Philipp Salzer and Lina Fuchs gave birth to Gustave Salzer, the husband of Hedwig Gtunbaum.”

    1873: According to a report published today there were 73,265 Jews living in the United States in 1870 as compared with 34,412 living in the U.S. in 1860 and 18,871 living in the U.S. in 1850. These figures come from a religious census that reported on the religious preferences of 21,665,062 people living in the United States in 1870 out of a total population of 38,555,983 as tabulated by the U.S. Census Bureau.

    1873: In Paris, Alfred and Jeanne Neymarck gave birth to Auschwitz victim Henriette Neymarck who became Henriette Mayer when she married Germain Lucien Mayer.

    1874: The annual meeting of the Hebrew Free School Association was held today at Metropolitan Hall in New York. The association supports five afternoon and evening schools with 519 students, 375 of whom were boys and 144 were girls.

    1874: Mrs. P.J. Joachimsen was elected President at today’s annual meeting of the Society of the Home for the Aged and Infirm Hebrews located on Lexington Avenue. The number of residence has increased from 300 to 700 in the last year.  The total assets of the society are $18,361.39.  The President expressed the hope that before the lease has expired on the current facility the society will have built a suitable building of its own.

    1875: A fund raiser for the benefit of Mount Sinai Hospital is scheduled to be held today at Gilmore’s Garden.

    1875: The Hebrew Charity Fair, a fund-raiser for Mt. Sinai Hospital opened tonight at the Hippodrome, the pleasure palace erected by P.T. Barnum in Manhattan.

    1875: The sister of Abram and Aaron Dietz identified their burned bodies at the City Morgue today.  The two Jewish men were among the victims of yesterday’s Brooklyn Theatre Fire which claimed the lives of 278 people.

    1876(20thof Kislev, 5637):Isaac Elijah ben Samuel Landau who began serving as a rabbi and a dayyan at Wilna in 1868 passed away today.

    1877: First publication of The Washington Post.  In 1933, The Post would be purchased in a bankruptcy auction by Eugene Meyer, who restored the paper's health and reputation. Philip L. Graham, Meyer's son-in-law, would work his way up to become publisher upon Graham's death in 1959.  After Graham’s death, his widow Katherine would take over the paper and the communication conglomerate that would include Newsweek Magazine the Washington affiliate of CBS.

    1877: Birthdate of New York native and surgeon Dr. Henry M. Kalvin, the husband of Pauline Kalvin with whom he had one son who served “as a physician in the Army induction center at Grand Central Station” and “who hobby was capturing wild animals with a lariat.”

    1877: Fifty-nine year old German poet and historian Theodore Creizenach, who converted to Christianity in 1854 passed today in Frankfurt.

    1878: At 11:30 this morning, a fire broke out in the basement of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New York.  The fire was quickly extinguished by the staff.  None of the 50 children in the building at the time were in any danger and little damage was sustained to the structure.

    1878(10th of Kislev, 5639): Sixty-four year old Dutch born French economist Louis Jean Königswarter who founded the "Prix Königswarter" (1,500 francs), to be given every three years by the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques for the best work on the history of law” passed away today in Paris.

    1880: It was reported today that at a meeting hosted by Socialists in New York City where the speakers were all refugees from political oppression in Germany, Carl Welki enumerated a list of grievances including Prince Bismarck’s support of the attacks on the Jews.

    1880: Sarah Bernhardt is scheduled to begin performing at the Globe Theatre in Boston, MA.

    1880: It was reported today that in Germany, “the Provincial School Commission has recommended the Government to dismiss two teachers for displaying animosity against the Jews.”

    1880: “The German Anti-Jewish War” published today described the decision of the Provincial School Commission in Germany to recommend the dismissal of two Jews “for displaying animosity against the Jews.”

    1880: In New York, “Max Mansfeld, editor of the Hanover Tageszeitung, delivered a lecture” this evening at Steinway Hall on the modern persecution of the Jews in Germany.”

    1881: Today “Diamond broker” Ernest David Leverson married Ada Esther Beddington who gained fame as the author Ada Leverson.

    1882(25th of Kislev, 5643): Chanukah

    1882: Mrs. Abraham Bronstein remained in the custody of the Harlem Police today after having been arrested yesterday.  Her husband, whom the police were still seeking, remained at large.  The Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society had requested the police take the couple into custody because they refused to leave the barracks at Ward’s Island despite the fact that Mr. Bronstein had a job and could have provided for his family without further assistance from the Jewish charity.

    1883: Among the organizations receiving funds today to cover expenses for the month of October were The Hebrew Shelter - $2,628. 29 and Ladies’ Deborah - $2,047.14

    1884: Rabbi Louis Grossman gave his inaugural sermon at Temple Bethel in Detroit, a congregation he would serve for 14 years.

    1884: Mother Mandelbaum, the New York “fence” who has fled to Montreal is trying to reach Germany

    1884: Birthdate of Rose Schneiderman who served as New York State Department of Labor Secretary from 1937 through 1944.

    1885(28thof Kislev, 5646): Sixty-four year old German physician and political reformer Wolfgang Strassmann passed away.

    1886: Birthdate of Chicago native and member of the Hyde Park High football and basketball teams, Robert S. Harris who played under legendary coach Amos Alonzo Stagg at U. of Chicago before join the Army in WW I where he served “as captain with the Rainbow Division” and retired as Colonel after WW II.

    1887: Sigismund Schloss, the husband of Rebecca Mocatta with who he had three children and the husband of Catherine Elkin with whom he had two children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemtery.”

    1888: Rabbi Henry S. Jacobs was among the clergymen who met with New York Mayor Hewitt to plan the religious component of next year’s celebration of the Centenary of the Innauguaration of George Washington as President of the United States.

    1889: Jacob Adler and Dinah Shtettin gave birth to Celia Feinman Adler “an American Jewish actress known as the ‘first Lady of the Yiddish Theatre.’”

    1890(24thof Kislev, 5651): In the evening, kindle the first Chanukah light

    1890: Birthdate of Boston native and New York University educated teacher Harold Fields the WW I Army veteran whose activities in the field of immigration including helping “to frame the National Origins Act of 1924,” participating in two conferences of Governor Roosevelt on immigration and working as a “consultant” on the topic for the famous trial lawyer Clarence Darrow.

    1890: Plans for the upcoming performance of “Ein Konigreich um ein Kind” sponsored by the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Orphan Asylum were published today.

    1890: The New York Times reported that Baron Hirsch is considering a plan to settle Russian Jews in agricultural settlements in Argentina. Hirsch has sent a commission to the South American republic to investigate the feasibility of the plan to which he is reportedly willing to spend $20,000,000 to bring it to a successful conclusion.

    1891: In Eisenheim, Bavaria, Karoline and Leopold Scholoss gave birth to Bruno Henry Sloss

    1891: Some Tales of Two Cities” published today described common threads between New York City and Charleston, S.C. including the move of New York literary critic Rufus Griswold following his second marriage to Charlotte Myers, a wealthy and prominent Jewess with whom he “enjoyed” a tempestuous relationship.

    1892: The trial of Pastor Hermann Ahlwardt, the leading anti-Semite who is charged with slandering Herr Loewe, the Jewish arms manufacturer, continues today. A representative of the army testified that while some the new Loewe rifles required repair, the number was not unusual for such weapons contrary to Ahlwardt’s charge that the Jews had bribed the army to accept faulty weapons.

    1893: “The Walsh School Plan” published today described a proposal that would have allowed a certain amount of the funds intended for the public schools to be diverted to parochial schools where the money would be used to fund the teaching of secular subjects. 

    1894: According to reports published today the fund raiser at the Lexington Avenue Opera House raised $2,000 for the Monte Relief Society.

    1894: Today the twelve Jewish members – Max J. Lessauer, Jacob H. Schiff, Simon Sterne, James Speyer, Isaac H. Klein, Julius Sternberg, Julius J. Frank, E.W. Bloomingdale, A.C. Bernheim, Dr. A. Jacobi, Henry Rice and Professor E.R.A. Seligman -  of the Committee of Seventy, a political reform group that took on the Tweed Ring, “sent regrets to the Committee of the Union League Club which had invited them to attend tonight’s reception for the Governor-elect and the Mayor-elect.

    1895: “Young Men’s Hebrew Association” published today described the latest lecture sponsored by the Jewish organization delivered by Dr. Solis Cohn on “Judaism, a Living Force.”

    1895: Birthdate of Max Kadushin, the native of Minsk who became a successful American Rabbi in the Conservative Movement.

    1895: Two days after he had passed way, Abraham Abraham, the son of Victor Abraham and Rebecca Levy was buried today at “The Walnut Hills Jewish Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio.”

    1895(19thof Kislev, 5656): Abraham Frederick Ornstein, the son of Phineas Ornstien and the father of Philip Ornstein  who was the rabbi at the Portsea (Portsmouth) Congregation and the Melbourne Hebrew Congregation passed away today in Cape Town, South Africa.

    1895: Today, New Yorkers displayed “no excitement over the fact that” Hermann Ahlwardt “the zealous anti-Semitic agitator had come to their city where “he has awakened no interest and cause no stir.

    1895: In his sermon today, Dr. W.W. Rainsford of St. George’s Church preached a sermon in which he sought “to correct some grave misconceptions as to the condition of the Jews at the coming of Christ” saying they “were not a nation of ignorant, irreligious and immoral people” and that they “were always religious and patriotic” “given to high ideals of morality and civic virtue.”

    1896:  Birthdate of Ira Gershwin.  The brother of George Gershwin, Ira carved out his own career as a lyricist for Broadway and Hollywood musicals.  He passed away in 1983.

    1897: The defense by Dr. Maurice H. Harris of Harlem’s Temple Israel the concept of God presented in what Christians called the Old Testament published today ended with the statement that “the essential idea of God as against the earlier beliefs – that He is just and not partial, that He is the ‘power making for righteousness’ and that therefore, morality is inseparable from religion – these vital truths were caught and for all time by the prophets of Israel.”

    1898: When the Reichstag convenes today it will have to deal with several contentious issues and factions including “the anti-Semites” who “are clamoring for measures against the Jews.”

    1898:  Birthdate of  West Prussia native Alfred Eisenstaedt, “father of photojournalism" who was one of the first to use the 35mm camera and came to the United States in 1935.

    1904: Birthdate of Regina Alsterova, who was transported from Prague to Terezin in 1942 and then to Auschwitz in 1944 where she was murdered at the age of 39.

    1905: It was reported today that the Jews of Perth Amboy, NJ, have raised more than $1,200 for the relief fund that is provided assistance to the Jews suffering from the most recent wave of anti-Semitic attacks in Russia.

    1905: The resolution aimed at seeking relief for the Jews of Russia introduced by Congressman Goldfogle which was published today ended with “Be it further resolved that the President of the United States is hereby respectfully requested, if he finds it not incompatible with the public interests, to use such good and friendly offices with the Russian Government as the traditional and unbroken friendship between the two nations may justify as may secure such by the Russian Government as may tend to prevent recurrence of such outrages in the future.”

    1906: Abraham “Abe” Reuef the political boss of San Francisco was indicted today.

    1908: In Milan, Ing. Nino Sacerdoti and Margherita Donati, daughter of Lazzaro Donati, gave birth to “Italian insurer and university professor” Piero Sacerdota.

    1909: Morris and Rose Gershwin gave birth to Frances “Frankie” Gershwin, the younger sister of George, Ira and Arthur Gershwin and the wife of Leopold Godowsky, Jr.

    1909: In response to the complaints by the Alliance Israelite Universelle on behalf of the Jews in Fez, the Sultan calls for the chief rabbis, then tells them the Jews will never again have to suffer injustice again, and that Sabbaths and festivals will be respected.

    1910: Birthdate of Jersey City native Mortimer Taube, the holder of a B.A. from U. of Chicago and Ph.D from UC, Berkley the innovator in the field of information who was listed as one the “100 most import leaders” in his field during the 20th Century.

    1911: With the passing of Leopold Seligman, it was reported today that Isaac Seligman, the head of the London branch of the family business and James Seligman of J & W Seligman & Co. are the two surviving brothers of the banking clan that played a key role in helping the Union afloat financially during the darkest days of the Civil War.

    1911: Birthdate of Jersey City native Walter “Walt” Wallace Singer who played football and baseball at Syracuse University with is twin brother Milton before going to a career in the NFL with the New York Giants.

    1912(26th of Kislev, 5673): Second Day of Chanukah

    1912(26th of Kislev, 5673): Rabbi Abraham J. Schiff passed away today in New York.

    1912: In Washington, DC the Ninth Convention of Rivers and Harbors Congress which Jacob A. Cantor has been attending as a delegate from New York came to a close.

    1912: Rabbi Rappaport is scheduled to deliver the sermon tonight at services at the Chicago Hebrew Institute led by Cantor Millard with the assistance of “a trained choir.”

    1915(29th of Kislev, 5676): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1915(29th of Kislev, 5676): Sixty-nine year old Sarah (Sally) Maness Ritterband, the fifth child of Benvenida Solis and Leon Ritterband passed away today in New York City.

    1915: A Denial of charges there is discrimination against Jews at the West Point Military Academy was made in a letter written by Secretary Garrison to Representative Walter M. Chandler of New York.

    1915: The evening, an open forum will be held in the auditorium of the Educational Alliance on “The Second Generation in Jewish Farming.”

    1916: Dr. Cyrus Adler who had succeeded Dr. Solomon Schechter as head of the Jewish Theological Seminary after his unexpected demise in 1915, “delivered as short address” after Kaddish had been recited in Schechter’s memory at a synagogue located at JTS on West 123rdStreet.

    1917: “A contribution of $100,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation topped the list of pledges turned in” today by those “who are raising the five million dollars fund for Jewish war relief and welfare work among Jewish soldiers and sailors.

    1917: During World War I, British forces entered Hebron as Allenby continued his advance on Jerusalem.

    1917: Birthdate of ice cream mogul Irvin Robbins, the back part of Baskin & Robbins. According to family legend the Canadian born entrepreneur used money from his Bar Mitzvah to fund the start of the legendary “31 Flavors.”

    1917: Finland declares independence from Russia. With the establishment of an independent state of Finland, Jews living in Finland were finally granted rights of full citizenship, something that had not been possible under Swedish and Russian rule.

    1918: Based on reports received by the Jewish Press Bureau today in Stockholm, so far “956 victims of the anti-Jewish outbreak in Lemberg, Galicia have been buried.

    1918: The committee of inquiry appointed by the Polish Liquidation Committee to examine the events surrounding the riots in Galicia “has arrived at a full agreement with the Jewish Council as regards” to the procedures it will follow.

    1919(14th of Kislev, 5680): Parashat Vayishlach

    1919: In Albany Park (Chicago), the bazaar sponsored by the Sisterhood of Temple Israel is scheduled to begin this evening.

    1919: Birthdate of Philadelphia native television producer Jerome Toobin, the husband of television news anchor Marlene Sanders and the father of CNN legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin.

    1919: Birthdate of Paul de Man, the Belgian born literary critic who, after his death, we found to have been a Nazi collaborator and an anti-Semite.

    1920(25th of Kislev, 5681): Chanukah

    1920(25th of Kislev, 5681): Eighty-eight year old Ottilie Bondy, the wife of Ignaz Israel Bondy and daughter of Alois and Johnanna Jeiteles passed away in München, Bayern, Deutschland.

    1920: Twenty-two year old Edwin Herbert Samuel, the eldest son of Sir Herbert Samuel, the British High Commissioner to Palestine married Hadassah Grosovsky who was born and educated in Palestine.

    1920: Birthdate of American Jazz great Dave Brubeck, the non-Jew who created “The Gates of Justice.”

    1921: Birthdate of George Frederick Beurling, Canada’s leading pilot during WW II, who lost his life in a plane crash in 1948 while flying as a volunteer for the Israeli Air Force.

    1922:  Birthdate of Benjamin Gilman of New York who served in the House of Representatives from 1973 through 2003.

    1922: The Sinai Center Players are scheduled to perform “The Magic Touch,” a two act play this evening at the Sinai Social Center accompanied by the Sinai Symphony Orchestra.

    1922: Birthdate of Abdallah Hay Simon, the Baghdadi born Jew who became the longtime chairman of the Seagram Chateau & Estate Wines Company was a commanding figure in the American wine trade and a leading importer of fine Bordeaux to the United States.

    1923: In today’s General Election, Liberal MP Edward Albert Lessing won his seat in the Commons.

    1927: Birthdate of Chicago born, Yale educated James Emanuel “Jim” Fuchs the winner of bronze medals in shot put at the 1948 and 1952 Summer Olympics passed away today in New York.

    1928:Sir Harry Charles Luke completed his service as the acting Chief Secretary to the Government of Palestine.He had previously served as Assistant Governor of Jerusalem and was appointed a member of the Haycraft Commission which was established by Herbert Samuel to investigate the cause of the riot which started in Jaffa in May of 1921.

    1929: In Brooklyn, garment workers Julius Silverstein and the former Lee Lastfogel gave birth to “Emmy Award-winning documentarian”  Morton Silverstein. (As reported by Anita Gates)

    1929: “The annual Who’s Who issue of the American Hebrew” that lists those who have performed outstanding for the Jewish People in 1929 includes names you would expect including Henry Morgenthau, Jr, Bernard Baruch, Sidney Hillman and David Sarnoff and others you would not expect like John D. Rockefeller who was “cited for his activity in financing a School of Religion at the University of Religion at the University of Iowa where Professorships of Protestantism, Catholicism and Judaism have been established.”

    1931: A World Islamic Conference opened in Jerusalem under the Mufti who had succeeded in characterizing the Jews as the enemy of Islam in Jerusalem.

    1931: In its Sunday edition, the New York Timesreported on plans by Jews throughout the world to celebrate the upcoming 100th anniversary of the birth of Baron Maurice de Hirsch on Wednesday, December 9.

    1933: Amid waving Nazi flags, Dr. Hans Luther, the German ambassador to the United States addressed 20,000 people in Madison Square Garden attending a Nazi propaganda event “German Day.”

    1933: U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey rules that the novel Ulysses by James Joyce was not obscene.  The novel features Leopold Bloom a Jewish advertising agent. 

    1936: Nearly one thousand people attended the at the Hotel Biltmore celebrating the 90th anniversary of the Central Synagogue where Governor Herbert H. Lehman told the attendees that he deplored “the present age as one of ‘expiring faith and religious indifference’” and “called upon American Jewry to take a leading part in a revival of faith in God that, couple with the scientific advances of today, would ‘effect a solidarity in human society expressed in terms of universal justice and peace.’”

    1936: “Hats Off” which marked Samuel Fuller’s “first credit as a screenwriter” was released in the United States today.

    1936: While speaking at a dinner tonight “marking the 25th anniversary of the Mizrachi Organization of America” Senator Royal S. Copeland “sharply criticized” Great Britain “for failing to suppress Arab demonstrations against Jews in Palestine.”

    1936: Seventy year old to John Dickson-Poynder, the first Baron Islington who in 1922 and 1930 condemned the mandate in Palestine because he said it favored the Jews whom he described as “undesirable” passed away today.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported on the visit to Damascus of the Nazi German youth leader Baldur von Schirach, accompanied by a large entourage. There was little doubt that the Syrian Arab youth seemed to be particularly vulnerable to this latest Nazi effort to spread their propaganda throughout the entire Middle Eastern area. Shots were fired at the Beit Alfa and Kfar Baruch settlements.

    1937: The Jerusalem Post’s leading economists found it rather strange that while the Palestine government's highly satisfactory yearly budget of £6,900,000 was due in most part to the participation of Jewish capital and investment, the official policy was marked by apathy and an almost total lack of encouragement for further progress in investment and economy. On the contrary, the government was slowing down further successful development by a continuous curtailment of the Jewish immigration and a half-hearted struggle against the Arab terror.

    1938:William Cooper of the Yorta Yorta tribe and members of the Australian Aborigines League were denied entry to the German Consulate where they had come to protest the persecution of the Jews by the Nazis.

    1938: Prime Minister  Fumimaro Konoe,  Foreign Minister  Hachirō Arita,  Army Minister  Seishirō Itagaki,  Naval Minister  Mitsumasa Yonai, and  Finance Ministry  Shigeaki Ikeda decided to prohibit the expulsion of the Jews in Japan, Manchuria and China despite the growing alliance with Nazi Germany.

    1938: Fourteen year old Ernest Stock and his ten year old sister leave Frankfurt to stay with friends in Alsace, France.  Ernest’s mother sent the children out of the country following Kristallnacht, a night which was made double horrific for the Stocks because Ernest’s father was arrested and taken to Buchenwald. In response to the worsening situation in Germany following Kristallnacht, the mother of 14 year old Ernest Stock sent her son and his 10-year-old sister Lotte to family friends who lived in Alsace, France.

    1939: As an example of its policy of blocking all Jewish escape routes in Central Europe, the British Foreign Office warns Bulgaria that if it ships its Jews to Palestine, the British will "expect the Bulgarian government to take the immigrants back."

    1939: Ernest Gruening began serving as the 7th Governor of the Alaska Territory; a job he would hold for fourteen years.

    1939: Israeli pioneers including members of “Kvutzat Krit” enjoyed a holiday to celebrate Kibbutz Kfar Menahem.

    1940(6thof Kislev, 5701): Seventy-one year old  artist and author Ernest Peixotto, the scion of San Francisco Sephardic Jews who used his artistic skills while serving with the AEF during WW I passed away today.

    1940: In ChicagoHyman Reznick and Sheindel Reznick gave birth to Naomi (nee Reznick) Blumberg

    1941(16thof Kislev, 5702): Jews read Parshat Vayishlach on what would prove to be the last Shabbat before the United States entered WW II and the world changed forever.

    1941: The Final Solution comes to Tunisia as French President Petain allows the Germans to take control of this section of North Africa.

    1941: As a Japanese task force steams towards Pearl Harbor Jews gather in their synagogues to hear Parashat Vayishlach

    1941: At West Side Institutional Synagogue, Rabbi Emanuel Lifschitz reassured his congregation that although “World society is standing at the crossroads in the grip of a titanic struggle raging between the forces of good and evil, it is most heartening to know that in the midst of such tension throughout the nation, men and women and children of every faith, color and creed from every walk of life will rededicate themselves – their very souls – to the Bible.” 

    1941: At Temple Rodeph Sholom, Rabbi Hyman J. Schachtel “asserted that the finding of the Gallup poll that interest in religions was declining was ‘misleading, because many are religious who are uninterested in the institutions of religion.’”  But they would also hear sermons relating to the war being fought in the rest of the world; but a war in which the United States was not involved, because as the isolationists told us, we were protected by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans which created a giant moat.

    1941: At Shaare Zedek, Rabbi Morris Goldberg asserted, “We must not pause in our struggle until we ourselves are willing to be a blessing unto those very forces against which we are fighting. While at the Montefiore Synagogue Rabbi Jacob Katz forecast, “From the present world war will come equality of nations and there not be too much difference in the standards of living amongst all the nations of the world.  Judeo-Christian ethics will not be the object of destruction because they will have become the object of international social legislations. 

    1941: At Temple Ansche Chesed, Rabbi Joseph Zeitlin spoke approvingly of the economic sanctions on Japan:

    1941: At the West End Synagogue Rabbi Louis Newman stuck a strident note when he declared that “to restore the ‘good old days’ ‘we must work and if need be, die in the combat to protect and regain the liberties of freeman, the people of Israel included, if not for ourselves, then for our posterity.” 

    1942: Today, “. A group of villagers from around Ciepielów near Radom including Piotr Skoczylas and his 8-year-old daughter Leokadia were burned alive by a police battalion” because they had sheltered Jews.

    1942: Today, “another barn full of people was set on fire in nearby Rekówka, and 33 Poles saving Jews were burned alive including the families of Obuchiewicz, Kowalski, and 14 Kosiors”

    1942: The Germans locked 23 Poles suspected of helping Jews in a cell. They then burned it to the ground.

    1942: In Parczew, Poland, the Germans undertook a four day manhunt for hidden Jews.

    1942: Germans in Salonica steal all the marble tombstones so they can line a swimming pool for their soldiers.  

    1942: In New York City, premiere of “Cat People,” a horror film produced by Val Lewton whose Jewish parents had converted to Christianity and edited by Mark Robson.

    1943: Birthdate of Richard Anthony Goldman, the adopted son of Charles and Tillie Goldman, “whose investor’s eye for spotting battered neighborhoods prime for rejuvenation led him to help revive SoHo in Manhattan in the 1970s and South Beach in Florida in the ’80s.” (As reported by Leslie Kaufman.

    1943: In one of the last major Italian deportations, 212 Jews from Milan and Verona were sent to Auschwitz. In all, out of a population of 35,000 before the war, approximately 8500 Jews were killed. An estimated 2000 Jews fought with the partisans, five of them winning Italy’s highest medals for bravery.

    1944: A Liberty ship bearing the name of the late Isaac Mayer Wise was launched this afternoon at the St. John's River Shipbuilding Company yards, with his son, Rabbi Jonah B. Wise of the Central Synagogue of New York City, as the principal speaker on the christening program.

    1944: Birthdate of Arnon Milchan, the native of Rehovot, Israel whose multi-faceted career led him to become one of Hollywood’s leading movie producers.

    1945: In London, premiere of “The Rake’s Progress” a comedy starring Lili Palmer

    1945: In a speech delivered at the commencement exercises of Hebrew University, Dr. Judah B. Magnes, president of the university, “declared that the aims of Jews in Palestine, namely the establishment of a national home, could not be achieved by acts of terrorism.  He urged passive resistance rather than the resort to force.”

    1945: Former Iowa Senator Guy Gillette, Judge William S. Bennet of New York and Representative Andrew L. Somers of Brooklyn, leaders of the American League for A Free Palestine held a press conference during which they expressed the belief that the committee’s approach to solving the problem of displaced Jews in Europe and the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine had had a positive effect on changing British policy.  In discussing their aims they stated that “The Hebrews of Europe must be saved at once.”

    1947: Members of the Haganah and Arab soldiers clash

    1948: On the second day of Operation Assaf carried Israeli forces captured another important position, thus completing all the operation's objectives. However, the Israelis met stronger resistance at another position (which was not captured) and were forced to stop their advance when they hit a minefield in another location. On the same day, the Egyptians counter-attacked the captured positions from their main positions in the west, with an infantry battalion, a tank company and some accurate artillery. The attack came very close to breaking the Israeli defenders, but broke off at dusk. The IDF’s Operation Assaf was designed to clear Egyptian troops from the Western Negev.

    1948: Representatives of Israel and Iraq sign a cease-fire agreement. The Iraqi troops were the largest contingent of troops from an Arab state with no contiguous border with Israel to take part in the war aimed at crushing the Jewish state.  The Iraqi failure to defeat the Jews of Israel led to their attacking their own Jewish population forcing them to flee.  Most of the refugees came to Israel.

    1949: Demobilised Palmach soldiers founded Gan Yoshiya, a moshav near the Green Line.  It was named in honor of the Anglo-Jewish leader Josiah Wedgewood.

    1951(7thof Kislev, 5712): Forty-seven year old Joseph Edward Bromberg, the movie and stage actor passed away today “not long after the Hollywood blacklist had destroyed his career.

    1953: Laura Kugler, the wife of Victor Kluger – one of those who helped who helpd to hide Anne Frank and her family – passed away today

    1953:Mordechai Maklef completed his service as Chief of Staff of the IDF.

    1953: After five years, “Nabokov finished” his masterpiece Lolita which Baron George Weidenfeld, “ a life-long Zionist” published in the United Kingdom.

    1953: At Ben-Gurion’s insistence, Moshe Dayan was appointed Chief of Staff of the IDF.

    1953: Thanks to a “major addition” the Hebrew Home for the Aged expanded its capacity to 165 while the “medical panels provides care at no charge to residents.”

    1954: In Highland Park, Illinois, Newton Minow, and his wife, Josephine (Baskin) Minow gave birth to Martha Minow the 12th Dean of Harvard Law Schol.

    1955: New York psychologist Joyce Brothers won "$64,000 Question" on boxing

    1956(2ndof Tevet, 5717): 8th day of Chanukah

    1956(2ndof Tevet, 5717): Eighty-two year old French economist Albert Aftalion who co-founded the academic journal Revue économique in 1950 passed away today.

    1956: “Hollywood or Bust” a comedy produced by Hal B. Wallis, starring Jerry Lewis and featuring Maxie Rosenbloom was released today in the United States.

    1961: “El Cid” a sweeping historic epic set in medieval Spain produced by Samuel Bronston with a screenplay premiered in London this evening.

    1962: Birthdate of journalist and professor of communications Anya Schiffrin the wife of Nobel Prize-winning economist and author Joseph E. Stiglitz.

    1965(12thof Kislev, 5726): Sixty-nine year old “Rose Pesotta (1896–1965) was an anarchist, feminist labor organizer and vice president within the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union passed away today.”

    1966: Zvi Dinstein was appointed Deputy Minister of Defense.

    1967: In Flushing, Queens, real estate developer Maury Aptatow and the former Tamara “Tami” Shad, the daughter of music producer Bob Shad gave birth to director/producer Judd Apatow.

    1967: In Eugene, Oregon Danna (née Wilner), a writer and instructor at Portland Community College, and Dr. Benson Schaeffer, a child psychologist gave birth to actress Rebecca Lucile Schaeffer.

    1967: When Dr. Adrian Kantrowitz removed the heart of a brain-dead baby and implanted it into the chest of a baby with a fatal heart defect, he became the first doctor to perform a human heart transplant in the United States.

    1968(15thof Kislev, 5729): Eighty-eight year old Rabbi Eliezer Premesky, the Lithuanian born son of Yaakov and Pearl Predmesky and husband of Esther Premesky with whom he had three children who had been the “spiritual leader of the Bronx Tremont Hebrew School, a member of the presidium of the Rabbinical Board of New York” and executive vice President of the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of the United States and Canada passed away today. Most important of all, he was among those who marched in Washington in 1943 in a public demonstration demanding government action to “help save the Jews of Europe.”

    1974(22ndof Kislev, 5735): Two Israelis were injured when terrorists raided Rosh Hanikra Kibbutz.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s declaration that as peace with Israel was forthcoming, he was not concerned about being isolated in the Arab world. Consequently Egypt had severed diplomatic ties with Syria, Iraq, Libya, Algeria and South Yemen.

    1977: In London, Prime Minister Menachem Begin announced that while Israel would refuse to consider the establishment of a PLO-dominated state on the West Bank, it wished to solve the problem of the Palestine Arabs “in justice and dignity.”

    1981: Philip C. Habib, President Reagan's special envoy to the Middle East, arrived in Israel tonight from Saudi Arabia. The Government said he would meet Foreign Minister Yitzhak Shamir in Jerusalem on Monday.

    1981: Birthdate of Haifa native and mentalist Lior Suchard.

    1981: Prisoner Without A Name, Cell Without A Number by Jacobo Timerman and Zuckerman Unbound by Philip Roth are among the twelve books chosen by the New York Times Book Review to the best books published in the country during the preceding year.

    1982: It was reported that “The U.S. failure to start negotiations for the withdrawal of Israeli, Syrian and Palestinian forces from Lebanon is worrying senior Reagan Administration officials. They said that because of the impasse it was now virtually impossible that the troops would leave by the end of the year, the date set by the State Department.”

    1982: It was reported that “Israel cleared a close Lebanese ally of any involvement in the massacre of hundreds of Palestinians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps near Beirut last September. The state commission investigating the massacre said it had no evidence that forces of Maj. Saad Haddad, leader of a Lebanese Christian militia, had participated in the killings.”

    1983(30th of Kislev, 5744): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1983: A bomb planted on a bus in Jerusalem explodes, killing 6 Israelis

    1985:In Santa Monica, California to Jody and Taylor Kasch film and t.v. actor Joseph Maxwell “Max Kasch.

    1985: “Spies Like Us,” a comedy directed by John Landis, co-produced by Brian Grazer, with a screenplay by Lowell Ganz and music by Elmer Bernstein was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.

    1987: “On the eve of a Gorbachev-Reagan summit 250,000 marched in support of Soviet Jews.  Among themr were 50,000 Jews from the Washington area’s Jewish community. (As reported by Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington)

    1987: The Counterlife by Philip Roth, The Embarrassment of Riches An Interpretation of Dutch Culture in the Golden Age by Simon Schama and More Die of Heartbreakby Saul Bellow are among the twelve books chosen by the New York Times Book Review as the best books published in the country during the preceding year

    1988(27thof Kislev, 5749): Yigal Cohen, the native of Tel Adashim and a member of the Palmach’s first brigade who was a Likud MK passed away today.

    1988: Yassar Arafat meets with “prominent American Jews” in Stockholm, Sweden.

    1990: “The End of Innocence” directed by Dyan Cannon who co-starred in the film along with Rebecca Schaeffer was released in the United States today.

    1990: In Los Angeles, premiere of “Edward Scissorhands” co-starring Winona Ryder and Alan Arkin with music by Danny Elfman

    1991(29thof Kislev, 5752): Seventy-four year old Hungarian political leader György Aczél (born Henrik Appel) passed away today in Vienna.

    1991: “Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country” directed by Nicholas Meyer who co-wrote the screenplay and co-starring William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy was released in the United States today.

    1991(29th of Kislev, 5752:Charles A. Levine, who became aviation's first trans-Atlantic passenger in 1927 when he sponsored an attempt to beat Col. Charles A. Lindbergh to Europe, died today at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington. He was 94 years old and had moved to Washington from New York City this fall. Mr. Levine flew into history with Clarence D. Chamberlin at the controls of a monoplane designed by Giuseppe Ballanca and owned by Mr. Levine, then a millionaire businessman. Their 225-horsepower craft, named Columbia, had been ready for weeks. But the race to be the first to fly the Atlantic was lost to Colonel Lindbergh when a suit filed by one of Mr. Chamberlin's would-be co-pilots, Lloyd Bertaud, marooned the Columbia in its hangar at Roosevelt Field on Long Island. Mr. Levine got a sheriff's attachment quashed hours after Lindbergh, in the Spirit of St. Louis, lifted off from the same airfield. Lindbergh's arrival in Paris on May 21 astounded the world and overshadowed the Chamberlin-Levine venture. (As reported by Wolfgang Saxon)

    1991: Four months after premiering in the United Kingdom, “Young Soul Rebels” a film that marking the acting debut of future Oscar nominee Sophie Okonedo was released in the United States today.

    1992: Kissinger:A Biography by Walter Isaacson is among the nine books chosen by the New York Times Book Review as the best books published in the country during the preceding year

    1993(22nd of Kislev, 5754): Mordechai Lapid and his son Shalom Lapid, age 19, were shot to death by terrorists near Hebron. Hamas publicly claimed responsibility for the attack

    1995(13thof Kislev, 5768): Seventy-eight year old Georgia Tech Melvin Krazenberg who specialized in the history of technology passed away today. (As reported by Lawrence Van Gelder);query=;brand=default

    1995:Today, Dennis Ross, the chief Middle East mediator in the United States State Department, held talks with President Hafez Assad of Syria to assess his reactions to initiatives for peace talks made by Prime Minister Shimon Peres. Mr. Ross returned to Jerusalem later in the day to talk with Mr. Peres. Details were not immediately known, though the Israeli coordinator of talks with the Arabs, Uri Savir, cautioned at the outset that "there is curiosity, but I wouldn't say any great expectations at this stage."

    1995:Prosecutors filed charges of premeditated murder against Yitzhak Rabin's confessed assassin today as Israel marked the end of the 30-day mourning period for the slain Prime Minister. In addition to the murder charge against Yigal Amir, indictments filed by the District Attorney at Tel Aviv District Court also charged Mr. Amir's brother Hagai and their friend Dror Adani with conspiring to kill Mr. Rabin and to attack Palestinian Arabs. The only other charge brought so far was against a soldier, Sgt. Arik Schwartz, who was indicted by a military court on Monday for supplying stolen arms and ammunition to the Amirs.

    1996(25thof Kislev, 5757): Chanukah

    1996(25thof Kislev, 5757): Eighty-one year old Alex Schoenbaum, the Ohio State University football player who founded Shoney’s Restaurant chain passed away today.

    1998: The New York Times list of the Best Books of 1998 contains the following works about Jewish related subjects or by Jewish authors including Titan:The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. by Ron Chernow and To End A Warby Richard Holbrooke.

    1998: The New York Times book section featured a review of Hot Seat:Theater Criticism for the New York Times-1993by Frank Rich.

    1999: Ninety-four year old Martha Dickie Sharp Cogan “the guardian angel of European children” during WW II and one gutsy lady, passed away today.

    2000: Emmy award winner Werner Klemperer passed away.  Oddly enough, Klemperer gained his greatest fame as Col. Klink, the German head of a POW Camp on the television hit Hogan’s Heroes.

    2001:A fire and subsequent fire-fighting efforts severely damaged the roof, ceiling, mural paintings and decorative plasterwork of the Beth Hamedrash Hagadol in New York City.

    2001(21stof Kislev, 5762): Ninety-five year old Brooklyn native Alexander Sidney “Sid” Roth, the “All-American guard” on the 1938 Cornell football team and varsity lacrosse player who is the namesake for “the Sid Roth Award” given annually to Cornell’s “most valuable lineman” passed away today.

    2002: Actress Winona Ryder (born Winona Laura Horowitz) was sentenced to community service as part of a probationary term for stealing more than $5,500 worth of merchandise from a Saks Fifth Avenue store in Beverly Hills.

    2002: U.S. premiere of “Analyze That” directed by Harold Ramis, co-produced by Barry Levinson and co-starring Billy Crystal and Lisa Kudrow.

    2004:  As a result of a law suit growing out of the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, a federal jury ruled in favor of developer Larry Silverstein giving him an additional $1.1 billion from nine insurers, declaring the attack to be two "occurrences"

    2004:  “In Good Company” a comedy in which experience triumphs over youth directed, produced and written by Paul Weitz was released today in the United States.

    2005: Malcolm Rifikind completed his service as Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions.

    2005: The United States Ambassador to the United Nations announced that Algeria prevented the release of a statement by the UN Security Council condemning Monday's suicide bombing in Netanya. Algeria objected reportedly because the proposed condemnation mentioned that the instructions for the attack came from Damascus. Earlier in the day, a senior Islamic Jihad figure in Gaza City denied that the organization had offices in Syria, claiming that their secretary general Ramadan Shalah left the country months ago. However, the Islamic Jihad, who took responsibility for the bombing openly admitted that it received its orders from Syria.

    2006: A panel of rabbis gave permission today for same-sex commitment ceremonies and ordination of gays within Conservative Judaism, a wrenching change for a movement that occupies the middle ground between orthodoxy and liberalism in Judaism.

    2006(15th of Kislev, 5767): Photojournalist Leonard Freed passed away at the age of 77. Born to immigrant parents in Brooklyn, Freed often chose subjects related to his Jewish ancestry, including a study of Orthodox Jews around the world published in 1980.

    2006(15th of Kislev, 5767): Robert Rosenblum, an influential and irreverent art historian and museum curator known for his research on subjects ranging from Picasso to images of dogs, passed away at the age of 79 at his home in Greenwich Village.

    2006: Jerry Stiller entertains at the Center for Jewish History’s Board of Overseers and Board of Governors dinner.

    2006: The New York Times publishes Alex Witchel’s latke recipe.

    2006: CBS broadcast the 1st episode of the 9th and final season of “The King of Queens” co-starring Jerry Stiller.

    2007: As part of Chanukah festivities, the Givatayim Theatre stages a festival of children’s plays including “Stories of Itamar and of Ruthie” and a new musical, “Puss in Boots” directed by Adi Leviathan 

    2007(26th of Kislev, 5768):Eighty-four year old “Murray Klein, who helped transform Zabar’s from a typical Jewish delicatessen on the Upper West Side of Manhattan into a culinary and cultural landmark, died today in Manhattan. (As reported by Julia Moskin)

    2007: Israel’s Radio Kol Chai reported today, that in response to a request by France’s Chief Rabbi Yosef Sitruk, Shimon Peres has agreed to keep Shabbat this week (for the first time in his life) as part of an outreach campaign by European rabbis. The initiative was started by Rabbi Yosef Sitruk to try and unite Jews all over the world to preserve that Sabbath day. Even more incredibly, Peres announced he will officially call upon all Jews worldwide to observe Shabbat preceding Israel’s Independence Day, and to pray for peace.

    2008: In Cedar Rapids, Jewish Book Month Shabbat at Temple Judah is usurped by a gas leak that causes those who braved the snow flurries and frigid temperatures to go home early.  It was the first time in the history of Cedar Rapids that more than a minyan gathered and the Torah was not read.

    2008 (9 Kislev): Yahrzeit of Rabbi Dovber of Lubavitch, the son of and successor to the founder of Chabad Chassidism, Rabbi Schneur Zalman·of Liadi.

    2008: In Washington, D.C., Itzhak Perlman performs with the National Symphony Orchestra at the Kennedy Center.

    2008: Tonight Arabs fired rockets into Ashkelon and Sderot.  IAF aircraft then carried out two air-strikes against Palestinian rocket-launching squads in the Gaza Strip. Palestinian sources reported that two terrorists were injured in the second attack, one of them critically. Over 20 Kassam rockets and mortar shells pounded the western Negev over the weekend as Palestinian terror factions in the Gaza Strip intensified their attacks on Israel.

    2008: Today, Egyptian police found a massive arms cache in Sinai, according to the Falastin al-Youm news Web site.  According to the report, Egyptian troops found two weapons caches in the north and center of the peninsula, one of which, buried deep underground, contained more than 250 kilograms of dynamite. In the other cache, 211 anti-aircraft missile shells were discovered. The weapons were in all likelihood intended for the Gaza Strip, and the smugglers who hid them in the desert were still at large.

    2008: Today, The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund warned that Gaza's severe cash shortage might cause local banks to collapse. The warnings came in response to Israel's continued refusal to allow Palestinian banks to transfer cash to their Gaza branches. The cash shortage means thousands of Palestinian civil servants may not be able to withdraw their salaries before the Id el-Adha holiday this week. Monetary officials estimate Gaza banks hold less than a quarter of the cash needed to pay government wages.

    2009(19thof Kislev): Ninety-seven year old attorney and WW II veteran Leonard Rubenfeld passed away today.

    2009 (19 Kislev): The 19th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev is celebrated as the "Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism." It was on this date, in the year 1798, that the founder of Chabad Chassidism, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi (1745-1812), was freed from his imprisonment in Czarist Russia. More than a personal liberation, this was a watershed event in the history of Chassidism, heralding a new era in the revelation of the "inner soul" of Torah. For more about the Lubavitch view of their leader see

    2009 (19 Kislev):Yom Hillula (יום הילולא) of the Maggid of Mezritch, the successor of the Baal Shem Tov. Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch passed away in December of 1772.  For more see or

    2009: The 20th Washington Jewish Film Festival includes screenings of a documentary entitled “Will Eisner: Portrait of a Sequential Artist” and “Filmed by Yitzhak,” a documentary composed of hitherto unseen 8mm movies filmed by Yitzhak Rabin during the 1960’s that include images from his years as Israel’s Ambassador to the United States.

    2009:The 24th Annual New York Israeli Film Festival includes screenings of “A History of Israel Cinema, Part I” and “Adam Resurrected” starring Jeff Goldblum.

    2009:Ensemble a la Carte, featuring bassoonist Robin Gelman, holds its fifth annual concert, at Congregation Sha'are Shalom, in Leesburg, Virginia.

    2009: Writer, composer, actor, director, and producer Mel Brooks is among those who receives 32nd Annual Kennedy Center Honors this evening in Washington, D.C.

    2009: The Israeli Cabinet voted to appoint Yehuda Weinstein as the next Attorney General of Israel.

    2009: David Mamet's "Race" opened tonight at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre in New York.

    2009: After 12 previews and 65 performances a revival production of David Mamet’s two character play “Oleanna”closed at Broadway’s John Golden Theatre.

    2010:American Sephardi Federation and Yeshiva University Museum in collaboration with the Sephardic Music Festival are scheduled to present a program entitled Sepharad: Voices From Across the Strait as part of the Sephardic Music Festival Scholar Series. “As a part of the sixth annual Sephardic Music Festival, this evening provides an opportunity to explore aspects of Sephardic musical culture through performances by singer and scholar, Vanessa Paloma, and the d'Safi Takht Ensemble, performing North African and Jewish music in a contemporary way. An audience-interactive panel discussion follows with the artists, led by ethnomusicologist and curator, Samuel R. Thomas.

    2010:Ezra Klein, The Washington Post and Newsweek economics and domestic affairs columnist, is scheduled to speak at Northern Virginia Hebrew Congregation in Reston, VA.

    2010: The Jewish Study Center of Washington is scheduled to offer a course entitled “Biblical Themes in Literature, Opera, Art and Film” which will trace the use of biblical themes across a wide variety of Western cultural masterpieces, old and new, with examples including John Milton's poetic drama "Samson Agonistes" (1671), Rembrandt's painting "The Binding of Isaac" (1635), Arnold Schoenberg's opera "Moses und Aron" (1932) and Cecil B. DeMille's movie "The Ten Commandments" (1956).

    2010(29th of Kislev, 5711):Lester Ziffren, 85, an attorney and civic leader who was devoted to his alma mater, UCLA, and many other causes, died today of natural causes at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, his family said. “After earning his law degree in 1952 from UCLA, Ziffren served as a deputy attorney general from 1953 to 1959 under California Atty. Gen. Pat Brown.

    Ziffren then formed a law firm with two brothers, Leo Ziffren, an entertainment lawyer, and Paul Ziffren, who would chair the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee. (Paul died in 1991 at 77.) Later, Lester Ziffren became a partner in the prominent local firm of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. An administrative corporate attorney, he continued practicing law until a few years ago. Born in 1925 in Davenport, Iowa, Ziffren was the youngest of six children. His mother, who spoke only Yiddish, ran the family's grocery store.  During World War II, he did intelligence work in Paris for the Army, said Mimi Ziffren-Adams, his only child. He also received his bachelor's degree from UCLA, where he later chaired the National Advisory Council of the Neuropsychiatric Institute. Ziffren also served on the board of the UCLA Foundation and UCLA's School of Medicine and Center on Aging. In 1971, he became the youngest president elected to head Temple Israel of Hollywood, The Times reported at the time. He was a founding board member and benefactor of the Skirball Cultural Center and served in leadership roles on boards affiliated with Hebrew Union College, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and the Los Angeles Opera.

    2010(29th of Kislev, 5711): In Cedar Rapids, IA, Rose Becker passed away at the age of 92.

    2010(29th of Kislev, 5711):Haifa Mayor Yona Yahav said "you were always on the front line," in remarks at  Tomer's funeral in the military cemetery in Haifa. "It's unbelievable that I'm standing here, saying farewell," continued Yahav. "You were assertive and you showed love, living up to your name Ahuva (beloved)." The Israel Police are in mourning over Haifa Police Chief Asst.-Cmdr. Ahuva Tomer, who succumbed to her severe burns injuries, 4 days after rushing into an inferno in the Carmel mountains to try and rescue passengers on-board an Israel Prison Service bus that had been trapped in the flames near Kibbutz Bet Oren.  Tomer was being laid to rest at the Haifa military cemetery, and was accompanied by hundreds of police officers, relatives and friends

    2010:A 14-year-old resident of Usfiya was arrested today on suspicion of throwing a piece of charcoal from a water pipe into a forest clearing near the village on Thursday morning, witnessing the ignition of a large fire and running away. Police suspect the boy’s actions led directly to the Carmel forest inferno.

    2010; At Temple Reyim in Newton, MA, Amy Eilberg met for the first time with Sally Priesand, the first Reform female rabbi, Sandy Eisenberg Sasso, the first Reconstructionist female rabbi, and Sara Hurwitz, considered by some to be the first Orthodox female rabbi. They and approximately 30 other women rabbis lit Chanukah candles and then spoke about their experiences in an open forum

    2010: Brian Emanuel Schatz  begins serving as the 11th Lt. Gov. of Hawaii.

    2011: The New Orleans Jewish community is scheduled to kick off Jewish Book Month today with a noon-time program at the Uptown JCC.

    2011: “Who Shot My Father? The Story of Joe Alon” a documentary about the Israeli Air Force Attaché who was murdered in 1973, is scheduled to be shown at the 22nd Washington Jewish Film Festival

    2011:  Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz welcomed an announcement that discussions between medical residents and the Finance Ministry had produced positive results and a final draft agreement had been drawn up.

    2012: The Center for Jewish History and the Jewish Book Council are scheduled to present “Culture Brokers: Publishing – The Book Trade” in which a distinguished panel explores “Jewish participation in the dramatic changes that transformed the book publishing industry in the post-War era from a sleepy "gentlemen's club" into a dynamic and tumultuous industry.”

    2012:The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to present a speech byNoted Holocaust scholar and Northwestern University faculty member, Dr. Peter Hayes entitled "What Took So Long?  The Wrangle Over Holocaust Restitution Since 1945."

    2012: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor “Wine While We Wrap,” a fundraiser that lowers the holiday stress level by allowing shoppers to enjoy a l’chaim while Chanukah helpers wrap their gifts.

    2012: Sources in the European Union today played down a report in the Hebrew daily Maariv that Europe was seeking to pass a series of harsh sanctions against Israel following Jerusalem’s announcement last week of plans to expand settlement construction.

    2012: Coming out of a meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu today, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she and Netanyahu had “agreed to disagree” on the issue of West Bank settlements.

    2013: The Edent-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host a noon-time concert featuring the Young Master Pianists of the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance Conservatory.

    2013: The day after he passed away, eighty-five year old Major General Danny Matt “was buried at Kiryat Shaul Cemetery in Tel Aviv.”

    2013: “Strudel in Tehina” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: Temple Judah hosts its popular Musical Shabbat featuring Shir Yehuda.

    2013: Submission deadline for The #MakeItHappen micro-grants initiative (As reported by JTA)

    2013: Ninety-five year old Irish cricketer Louis Jacobson who was “a right-handed batsman from Dublin” passed away today.

    2013: Both Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas are committed to continuing peace talks, despite grumblings over a lack of visible progress in almost five months of negotiations, US Secretary of State John Kerry said today

    2014: The Jewish Folk Arts Festival Chanukah Concert Dedicated to Human Rights is scheduled to take place at Temple Beth Ami in Rockville, MD.

    2014: Lewis Black is scheduled to perform at the Music Box in Atlantic City, NJ.

    2014: The Hava Nagiggle & JW3 Jewish Comedian of the Year Competition 2014 are scheduled to take place this evening at the UK Jewish Comedy Festival.

    2014: Shabbat Va-yishlach

    2014: According to a poll published today by Channel 2 “almost two-thirds of Israelis do not want Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to lead the next government.

    2014: “A plane flying from Tel Aviv to Philadelphia was forced to make an emergency landing in Rome today after two passengers and 11 members of the crew were taken ill.”

    2015: The funeral for “former Mertz leader, long-term MK and journalist Yossi Sardi” is scheduled to take “place at 3 p.m. at the cemetery in Kibbutz Givat Hashlosha, on the outskirts of Tel Aviv.”

    2015: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host The Ruth Spector Memorial Maj Jong Tournament.

    2015: The Leo Baeck Institute is scheduled to present a lecture by theatre scholar Wendy Arons on “Exile in the Spotlight: Kurt Hirschfeld and German- Language Theater at the Schauspielhaus Zurich.”

    2015: The Chicago YIVO Society is scheduled to celebrate “the memory of music teacher Sarah Lazarus with a concert featuring multi-instrumentalist Michael Alpert

    2015: For the second time in two days, today, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired at an IDF vehicle along the strip between the Jewish state and the “Hamas-controlled territorty.”

    2015: Jewish Book comes to and end for 5776/2015

    2015: In the evening, kindle the first Chanukah light.

    2015: In Cedar Rapids, members of Temple Judah are scheduled to gather this evening to usher in Chanukah by eating the creations of the “Latke King” – Brian Cohen

    2015: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The 613 by Archie Rand, Notorious RBG: The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg by Irin Carmon and Shana Knizhnik and Dietrich & Riefenstahl:  Hollywood, Berlin and a Century in Two Lives by Karin Wieldand

    2015: The New York Times list of the 100 most notable works for 2015 published today included The Complete Works of Primo Levi, edited by Ann Goldstein, The Crime and the Silence: Confronting the Massacre of Jews in Wartime Jedwabne by Anna Bikont, Give Us the Ballot: The Modern Struggle for Voting Rights in America by Ari Berman, Jonas Salk: A Life by Charlotte DeCroes Jacobs and Killing a King: The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and the Remaking of Israel by Dan Ephron

    2016: In cooperation with the Center for Jewish History, the American Joint Distribution Committee is scheduled to host “The Flavor of Jewish Life: An Exploration of Cooking, Culture and International Connection” featuring Danielle Rehfeld, the chef and founder of The Inherited Plate.

    2016: “The 90 Minute War” and “Land of the Little People” are scheduled to be shown at the 10th Annual Other Israel Film Festival.

    2016: Despite the objection of some Jewish groups and leaders, “Richard Spencer who recently railed against Jews at an alt-right conference in Washington, DC during which audience members gave Nazi salutes” is scheduled “to speak at a private event on the Texas A&M Campus today” – an event that the school said it had no choice but to allow to take place even though a spokesman “said that the university did not agree with Spencer’s views. 

    2016: Today, the Israeli military “posted a map of southern Lebanon to Twitter on which it marked Hezbollah positions, infrastructure and armaments along a section of the Israeli border.”

    2016: In Memphis, TN, Temple Israel is scheduled to host “We’re All In This Together: The Art of Embracing Life While Preparing for the End of Life” which will include a discussion of Jewish burial and mourning customs as well as views on reincarnation, resurrection and the afterlife.

    2017: In Cedar Rapids, IA, the Hadassah Book Club is scheduled to discuss Don’t Ever Look Back by Daniel Friedman.

    2017: In Mexico, Claudia Sheinbaum completed her service as Mexico’s “Chief of delegation of Tlalpan” today.

    2017: Lisa Heineman is scheduled to lecture “on the subject of Holocaust memorials in German, Polish and Israeli settings” at the University of Iowa.

    2017: The URJ Biennial is scheduled to open today in Boston, MA.

    2017: The Maccabeats are scheduled to appear at Bergen Performing Arts Center in Englewood, NJ.

    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as James Kugel whose works included the innovative How to Read the Bible and In The Valley of The Shadow, continues today.

    2018(28thof Kislev, 5779): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    2018: “Yiddish New York, an annual, month-long celebration of Yiddish music, language and culture, is proud to collaborate with City Lore on this year’s art exhibition, which is scheduled to begin today.

    2018: Authors Lauren Groff and Jonathan Lethem are scheduled to talk about new books tonight at the 92nd Street Y.

    2018: “The Young Friends of the Gershman Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival and award-winning

    filmmaker Yoni Brook are scheduled to host “an evening of shorts, latkes, and vodkas” featuring screenings of “The Love Letter,” “The Outer Circle,” “Shabbos Kallah” and “Who Sank Your Ships?”

    2018: The Sidney Krum Young Artists Concert Series is scheduled to present “Sweet Is Thy Voice: The Song of Songs in Concert.”

    2018: In Iowa City, Rabbi Avremel and Chaya Blesofsky are scheduled to host Chabad’s Community Chanukah Party.





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    43 BCE: The famous orator Marcus Tullius Cicero died.  Cicero was a Patrician, member of the Senate and opponent of Julius Caesar.  Following Caesar’s assassination, Mark Anthony and Octavian executed those whom they viewed as enemies of the state.  Cicero fell into that category.  Based on his public utterances, Cicero had no use for the Jews. "The Jews belong to a dark and repulsive force. One knows how numerous this clique is, how they stick together and what power they exercise through their unions. They are a nation of rascals and deceivers." While serving as defense counsel at the trial of Flaccus, a Roman pro-consul accused of diverting one hundred pounds of gold bound for the Temple in Jerusalem, Cicero described the Jews as a people born to slavery who had become far too intrusive in the affairs of Rome. Was Cicero an anti-Semite?  Or was he merely a member of the old order who resented the changes in society (sort of a Roman version of Henry Adams or Gore Vidal); a person who demonized Jews because they were different?  Regardless of the cause, the statements speak for themselves. 

    1158: Abraham Ibn Ezra, under the influence of an inspiration or vision he had on that Shabbat day, decided to defend the traditional reckoning of the Jewish holidays and Sabbaths against the trend to begin them only at day break rather than the previous night. Immediately after the Sabbath he began to write his Iggeret Shabbat ("Shabbat Letter") in which he used both religious and astronomical sources to defend his position. He wrote it while visiting England, making it one of the few Hebrew works composed there prior to the expulsion of the Jews in 1290.

    1237(Kislev, 4998):Abraham ben Moses ben Maimon the son of Maimonides aka the Rambam who followed his father as the leader of the Egyptian Jewish community passed away.

    1254: Pope Innocent IV passed away. During his papacy, Innocent “denounced the Blood Libels as unfounded.”  In 1247, Innocent agreed to grant a request from the Jews by issuing a declaration stating “that the Talmud was an absolute necessity for the Jews, if Judaism were to continue to exist as a separate religion, and that the burnings of the Talmud were to cease.” These actions certainly make him stand out from many of those who served as the Vicar of Christ in Rome.

    1383: Wenceslaus IV who as Emperor failed to continue the Imperial protection of the Jews of Luxembourg led to their expulsion in 1391 began his reign as Duke of Luxembourg today.

    1626: In Stockholm, Gustavus Adolphus and Mary Eleanora of Brandenburg gave birth to Christian Augusta the philo-semitic Queen of Sweden.

    1279(O.S.): King Boleslaus V of Poland passed away. In 1264, Boleslaus V issued a charter that allowed for Jewish residence and protection, hoping that Jewish settlement would contribute to the development of the Polish economy. This charter was similar to one that had been granted to the Jews of Austria in 1244.  While Jews were not granted the same degree of protection as other citizens and while Jews were excluded from privileges afforded Christian merchants and burghers, the charter did  include recognition of legal testimony of Jews, fines for harming Jews or Jewish property, prohibition of blood libels, and equal commercial rights.  Even though the charter was not always followed, it marked a major improvement over conditions that Jews were living under in other parts of Europe and helped encourage a major eastward migration of the Children of Israel.

    1742: Talmudist Judah Lob Mokiach, the son of Mordecai Mokiah the father of “David Berlin (Mokiach) and Isaiah Berlin (Mokiach), known also as Isaiah Pick” passed away today in Pressburg.

    1701(6thof Kislev, 5462): Joshua de Fonseca, a physician in Hamburg and the son of Hakam Abraham de Fonseca passed away today.


    1776(26thof Kislev, 5637): As Jews observe Shabbat and prepare to kindle candles for the third night of Chanukah, Washington’s Army successfully finishes crossing to the south bank of the Delaware River, thus escaping destruction by the British who chased the revolutionary army from New York down the entire state of New Jersey.

    1787: Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.  Delaware abolished religious tests for public office in 1792.  For more about the history of the Jews of the “first state” see

    1793(4thof Tevet, 5554):Herz Cerfbeer of Medelsheim the military contractor and philanthropist passed away today at Strasbourg.  Born Naphtali Ben Dov-Beer at Alsace in 1730, he was granted citizenship rights by Louis XVI in 1775. A spokesperson and supporter of the Jewish community he published rare Hebrew books including Lechem Setarim by Solomon Nissim Algazi the 17th century Talmudist who served as a rabbi by Smyrna and Jerusalem.

    1795(25th of Kislev, 5556): Chanukah

    1796: Elias Jacobs married Elizabeth Lazarus at the Great Synagogue today.

    1802: Birthdate of German poet and editor Lesser Ludwig who wrote, “One thing to Life you owe: Struggle, or seek for rest. If you're an anvil, bear the blow; If a hammer, strike your best” and who was supporter of the Reform movement.

    1815 Birthdate of Louis Bernheim the husband of Emma Simon and father of German historian Ernst Bernheim and father-in-law of Amalie ("Emma") Henriette Jessen.

    1819: Today’s “report of the Privy Council of relates that Joseph L. Friedländer came to Bautzen in March 1813 and in the year 1819 had already left his birthplace Mühlendorf in Hungary 46 years earlier.  Concerning his family, it further relates that his “child is weak and not more than 2½ years old,” and his wife is pregnant.  The Bautzen city administration found a place for the Jewish family to reside because it had work for Friedländer in translation service for 1813-1816.”

    1820: Three days after he had passed away, 56 year old Phillip Cohen, the husband of Hannah Cohen, was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”

    1822(23rdof Kislev, 5583):Rabbi Yosef ben Moshe Mammon, the native of Morocco who taught at the Yeshiva in Safed before settling in Burkhara in 1793 because the people needed strong Jewish leadership, passed away today.  Among his descendants is the Dorit Moussaieff, the First Lady of Iceland.

    1822: In Breslau, Amalie Kempner and Salomon Silberstein gave birth to Emma Silberstein, the future wife of Louise Loewe and the father of James Loewe.

    1823: In Liegnitz, Silesia, Isidor and Johanna (née Prausnitzer) Kronecker gave birth to German mathematician Leopold Kronecker

    1827: One day after he had passed away “Joseph ben Chaim Schwab” was buried today at the “Lauriston Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1828: Birthdate of “Herford, Germany” native Ferdinand Falk, the husband of “Jeannette Levy Falk” and father of “Arnold, Gustave, Myron and Gertrude Falk.”

    1830: Birthdate of Judah Leib (Ben Asher) Gordon, the native of Vilnius also known as Leon Gordon, who became a leading Hebrew poet of the 19th century.

    1833: Birthdate of Louis-Norbert Carrière the anti-Dreyfusard “government commissioner who successfully pled at Rennes for Dreyfus’s second conviction even if it meant misrepresenting evidence.

    1834: Two days after she had passed away, “Kenadel Goldsmid,” the widow of Nathan Goldsmid was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”

    1839: Birthdate of Polish native Louis M. Falk, the husband of Hattie Goodhart Falk with whom he had three children – Morris, Estella and Harry.

    1841:Michael Solomon Alexander, a convert from Judaism was ordained as Anglican Bishop of Jerusalem at Lambeth Place.  He would arrive in Jerusalem in the first month of the following year

    1842: The New York Philharmonic gave its first performance.  Numerous Jewish musicians and conductors have been involved with the Philharmonic in its 163 year history.  One of the most famous Jews connected with the Philharmonic was not a musician.  In 1909, Minnie Utermyer, wife of prominent businessman and lawyer Samuel Untermey led a group of philanthropist in guaranteeing the future financial solvency of this great American musical institution.

    1844:Ein Feldlager in Schlesien (a Singspiel in three acts by German-Jewish composer Giacomo Meyerbeer was first performed today at the Hofoper, in Berlin.

    1847: Birthdate of Solomon Schechter.  “Solomon Schechter was born in Rumania in to a Chabad Chassidic family. His Chassidic upbringing did not satisfy him, however, and, in 1879 he went to study at the Berlin Hochschule fur die Wissenschaft des Judentums and at the University of Berlin. In 1882 Schechter was invited to be a tutor in Rabbinics in London. He quickly rose to prominence as a rabbinic scholar and spokesman for Jewish traditionalism. In 1890 he was appointed lecturer in Talmudics and in 1892 reader in Rabbinics at Cambridge University. In 1899 he also became professor of Hebrew at University College, London. He gained international fame as a scholar when he discovered and brought back to London more than 100,000 pages of rare manuscripts from the Cairo Geniza. Beyond sorting and filing the documents, Schechter wrote on the newly-found Ben Sirach materials, unknown until then. Schechter accepted the invitation to become president of the Jewish Theological Seminary and succeeded in attracting an outstanding group of scholars to teach. The Jewish Theological Seminary became a recognized center of Jewish learning. In 1913 Solomon Schechter was instrumental in founding the United Synagogue of America, the umbrella organization of all Conservative congregations. Though a staunch traditionalist, Schechter admitted that there could be change in modern Judaism. However, he felt that changes should not be introduced arbitrarily or deliberately. Rather, ‘the norm as well as the sanction of Judaism is the practice actually in vogue. Its consecration is the consecration of general use—or, in other words, of Catholic Israel.’ Although it may be apocryphal, my favorite quote from Solomon Schechter is, ‘Gentlemen, in order to be a success in the American rabbinate, you must be able to talk baseball.’"

    1849: In Freudental, Germany, Simon and Babette Horkheimer gave birth to Morris Horkheimer, the husband of Cecilia Horkheimer with whom he had four children.

    1852: Reverend Edward Robinson, DD read a lengthy paper based on his recent visit to the Holy Land at the regular monthly meeting of the New York Historical Society. After Reverend Robinson finished his presentation Dr. Adams said that to some such a detailed report of such a distant place “was not the most appropriate for the New York State Historical Society.  But on reflection every man should feel that Palestine was not a strange land to us. It was our home, ‘Jerusalem is the mother of us all.’ …They therefore felt thankful to the Doctor for his laborious research.”  [This is an early manifestation of philo-Semitism that would be beneficial to the Zionist movement.]

    1857: Birthdate of Sigmund Kohlman who was buried at Springhill Avenue Temple Cemetery in Mobile when he passed away.

    1857: The first session of the 35th United States Congress in which Philadelphian Henry Myer Phillips served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives opened today in Washington, DC.

    1859: Lewis Emanuel married Mary Sampson at the Great Synagogue today.

    1860: “The Commercial Relations Between the North and South,” published today reviews the impact that Southern Secession would have on the business operations in what has been the United States of America using the ability of Jews and Christians to engage in commercial activities as its template:

    “How, then, is New-York to lose its Southern trade? If at all, from political considerations alone; South Carolina says, "I do not like your political sentiments, and will have nothing to do with you." She is not as tolerant as the Jew who would buy and sell with the Christian, but not eat or drink with him. But will, or can she deliberately persist in any course in violation of her own interest? No! The thing is impossible. It has not an example in all history. If there be a law unerring in its action, and firmly engraved upon the popular mind, it is that "men will sell in the dearest market and buy in the cheapest," and will always take the shortest and most convenient method to accomplish their ends. South Carolina can no more stay away from us than matter can refuse to obey the laws of gravity, which is not a whit stronger in its way than is the law of self-interest with the individual.”

    1871(24thof Kislev, 5632): Light the first Chanukah candle.

    1871(24thof Kislev, 5632): Seventy-three year old Orthodox German rabbi Jacob Ettlinger passed away today at Altona, Prussia.

    1873: In Cincinnati, Ohio, Rebecca and William Jacob Mack gave birth to Millard William Mack, the husband of Lydia Mack and father of William Jacob Mack – all part of the Cincinnati Mack dynasty.

    1873: Birthdate of Olga Lehmann who was transported from Berlin to Terezin in 1942 and from Terezin to Auschwitz in 1944.

    1874: Two days after she had passed away, “Simha Toledano” a native of Gibraltar was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1875: Today’s session of the Hebrew Charity Fair raised over $12,000 for the Mount Sinai Hospital.

    1875: “The Society for Providing a Home for Aged, Infirm and Destitute Israelites in the city of Albany, NY” which meets on the second Sunday of each month, was incorporated today

    1875: It was reported today that the bodies of Abram and Aaron Dietz, William Meyers, Abram Kurtz and William Laser who died in the Brooklyn Theatre Fire which claimed the lives of 278 people were taken from the City Morgue by representatives of the Brooklyn Young Men’s Hebrew Benevolent Society and taken to Temple Israel.  The bodies were so badly charred that identification of the victims has been so slow and difficult

    1876: In Curacao, Jacob Baiz, the son of “Isaac and Rachel Pereira Baiz” and his wife “Rebecca Baiz” gave birth to Angela Baiz.

    1878: In Brooklyn, Harris Alexander and his wife gave birth to David Alexander the graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College who served as the rabbi of Temple Israel in Paducah, Kentucky.

    1879: Based on information that originally appeared in an article entitled the “History of Money” by famed numismatist Sir John Lubbock, it was reported today that the ancient shekel is one of the most popular coins among collectors possibly because of its Biblical connection.  However, it is the most frequently counterfeited ancient coin and “of so-called shekels found among collectors, over three-fourths of them are forgeries.

    1879: “The Prussian Press and Bismarck” published today describes the government’s control of the content of newspapers in Germany which is under the direction of a Privy Councilor named Hahn, who is a convert from Judaism. (This will not be the last time that the Jews are accused of controlling the media in Germany or elsewhere)

    1879: President Abraham Oettinger chaired the 15th annual meeting of the Hebrew Free School Association. The association operates 5 schools and is planning to open a sixth.  The school employs twenty teachers, five of whom are women. The association serves 1,129 students. All of the students must attend public school during the day since the association’s schools are intended to supplement and not supplant public education offerings.  Two of the association’s schools conduct Saturday morning services which draw approximately 600 worshippers.

    1879: The formal incorporation of Or Chaim takes place in New York City with the adoption of its constitution and by-laws at its first meeting attended by two of its first members, Sigmund Arnstein and Marcus J. Cohen.

    1880: “Modern Persecution of the Jews” published today described the outbreak of anti-Semitism sweeping across Germany.  It is based on the premise that a million and half Jews are trying to control the lives of forty million Germans. German nationalist hate Jews because they do not engage in manual labor while the Socialists hate them because they are all millionaires.  The outbreak of anti-Semitism coincided with the economic downturn that came after the bubble created the victory over France came to an end.

    1880: It was reported today that German Jews do not serve in the army because they are prevented from rising above the rank of 2ndlieutenant.

    1880(5th of Tevet, 5641): Seventy-nine year old Lob Oppenheimer, the husband of Bina Oppenheimer and the son of Rachel and Abraham Oppenheimer passed away today.

    1880: It was reported that German Jews do not serve in the German navy or the merchant marine because they have no hope of ever serving as captain of a vessel.  This based on “an old German superstition that a Jewish Captain would sink his vessel.”

    1881: A four-act version of “The Tales of Hoffmann an opéra fantastique by Jacques Offenbach with recitatives was staged at the Ringtheater today”  

    1881: It was reported today when Chester A. Arthur sent his Presidential message to Congress he took note of the fact that the Senate resolutions expressing condolence at the time of the assassination of Czar Alexander II had been sent to the Russian government which he hoped would improve the treatment of American Jews visiting that empire.  The Russians, Arthur wrote, had a tendency to treat American Jews in the same manner they did Jews living under the Czar

    1882: During the Tiszaeszlár Affair, a Hungarian blood libel, the body found in Tisza was exhumed and reexamined by three professors of medicine from the University of Budapest.  They would conclude that the original autopsy “had no scientific basis” and showed “grows ignorance” on the part of the examiners.

    1882:Marianne Trenel and Rabbi Simon Debré gave birth to French pediatrician Robert Debré

    1884: According to reports published today L’Académie française has admitted its first Jewish member, Ludovic Halévy who has agreed to focus only on writing novels from now on.

    1884: The list of Holiday Books published today included Our Young Folks Josephus: The Antiquities of the Jews and Jewish Wars simplified by William Shepard which is a simplification of the works of Josephus with illustrations by Dore.

    1885: In an attempt to thwart the efforts of the members of St. Bernard’s Church to stop construction of a side track on Van Rensselaer Street on Sundays, the attorney for the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company says he will hire eight Jews “to test the question  whether a Jews breaks the Sabbath by working on Sunday.”

    1886: According to reports published today, a society has been formed at Minden, Germany to promote marriages “between Christians and Jews.

    1887: A Polish Jewish immigrant named Burkmann was pulled from the water when he attempted to kill himself by jumping off the pier at Castle Garden.

    1887: Birthdate of Austrian composer Ernst Toch whose works ranged from the classical to the Hollywood musical scores, the most famous of which was for the 1937 classic Heidi.

    1888: In a case of Jew versus Jew, 19 year old Ernestine Nolfen sued Noach Soenfeld in Minneapolis, MN for “breach of promise.”

    1888: Rabbi Henry S. Jacobs was reported today to have been among the clergymen who met with Mayor Hewitt today to discuss plans for the celebration of the Centenary of the Inauguration of George Washington as President of the United States which is scheduled to take place on April 30, 1889.

    1888: It was reported today that Rabbi Wolf Berger of Anshe Chesed has sued the brothers of the late Mr. Kingsburgh who owned a stationary and tobacco store near the local post office for twenty five dollars.  Berger claims he is owed the money for teaching the decedent’s sons the appropriate prayers for mourning their father and for composing the inscription on his tombstone.

    1889: Today Vanity Fair magazine published a picture of French journalist Henri Blowitz who “predicted the collapse of the French empire during the Franco-Prussian War” and whose “most famous achievement was in 1878, when he managed to obtain the text of the Treaty of Berlin and publish it at the very moment that the Congress of Berlin was finally signing it”

    1890(25th of Kislev, 5651): Chanukah

    1890: M.S. Isaacs presided over the annual meeting of The Hebrew Free School Association, an organization dedicated to “Americanizing” Jewish immigrants.

    1890: “Baron Hirsch To Send Jews To The Argentine Republic” published today described plans that Baron Hirsch has for settling some of the half million Jews expelled by Russia in the South American country; a plan for which he is ready to spend twenty million dollars and which has the support Argentine President Carlos Pellegrini who has a Jewish brother-in-law.

    1890: It was reported today that Dr. George Allan Heron’s “”newly- published work on the communicability of consumption dwells on the well-ascertained  immunity from tuberculosis of carefully-conforming Jews whose meat is inspected in a manner which would require the rejection of an entire carcass if any speck of tubercle were discovered.” (In other words he is making a positive connection between the observance of Kashrut and immunity from Tuberculosis.  At the same time, opponents of immigration in the United States demonized Jews as carriers of TB.)

    1891: In New York, seven Russian Jews – Hirsch Bachletsky, Susman Wilkisky, Elias Chyot, Benjamin Soldofsky, Adolph Baum, Solomon White and Jacob Schwartz – “appeared before the British Consulate on State Street and made formal charges against a foreman of the cattlemen employed on the steamship France after having tried to report their theft and abuse to the local police and the United States Commissioner.

    1891: In Albany, NY, Max and Dora Ettelson Aronowitz gave birth to Dartmouth undergraduate and Albany Medical College trained surgeon Milton Aronowitz, the husband of Gretchen Aronowitz.

    1892: Birthdate of Max Michaelis Ehhrlich, the multitalented Berlin born entertainer who would be murdered by the Nazis at Auschwitz in 1944.

    1892: As a result of a campaign led by Joseph Barondess Governor Fowler pardoned cloakmaker Frank Rheingold who had been convicted of 2nddegree burglary as a result of actions taken during the cloakmaker’s strike at Benjamin & Caspary.

    1892: In Washington, DC, the convention of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations came to an end with a report by the financial committee that the Union has raised $26,539 with $22,804 going to support the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, Ohio.

    1892: During Hermann Ahlwardt’s trial for slandering a Jewish arms manufacturer the presiding Judge fined self-professed anti-Semite’s counsel 100 marks when he attempted to resign following rulings from the bench that he did not liked

    1892: In describing the changing population mix in New York, Reverend William T Elsing was quoted today as saying that the east side below Houston Street has become “a great Hebrew center.”

    1892: Eighty-four year old Joseph-Philibert Girault de Prangey, whose work provide one of the “earliest surviving records of the lands of the east Mediterranean including Palestine and Jerusalem passed away today.

    1894: Silver Dollar Smith, the Jewish Tammany politician and saloon keeper is scheduled to appear in court today where he must answer charges that he assaulted August J. Gloistein, the operator of another nearby saloon.

    1894: Max Lissauer explained that the Jewish members of the Committee had not attended the reception at the Union Club for Mayor-elect William Strong, even though they had “worked as hard as they could for his election” because they did not feel comfortable at the Union Club which refused membership to a co-religionist, Theodore Seligman who had been blackballed because he was Jewish.

    1895: Birthdate of Peretz Davidovich Markish, the Russian poet whose language of choice was Yiddish whose wife Esther and his sons, literary scholar Shimon Markish and prose writer David Markish sought to redeem his reputation after he was murdered in the Stalin purge “Night of the Murdered Poets.”

    1895: Financier Henry Clews who organized the “Committee of 70” was quoted today as saying that “the best thing that” German anti-Semite Hermann “Ahlwardt can do is to go home.”  “The Jews as a class are good citizens.  They respect the laws and benefit business and society.” Ahlwardt, “may as well understand that he is a most unwelcome visitor.”

    1897: In Shanghai, David Haimovitch of Shanghai married Berth Gersburger of Alsace-Lorraine at the Beth El Synagogue. 

    1898: In Chicago the fair and bazaar sponsored by the Young Men’s Hebrew Charity Association which is raising funds for Michael Reese Hospital and the United Hebrew Charities is scheduled to come to an end.

    1899: Vanity Fair magazine published a picture of Bohemian born Jewish journalist Henri Blowitz.

    1899: As a result of his participation in today’s Battle of Anguillan, Dr. Joseph M. Heller who served as surgeon with the 24thU.S. Infantry during the Philippine Insurrection received a Silver Star Citation

    1903: The first New York Company of the Boy’s is scheduled to meet today for the first time at rooms provided by B’nei Zion under the leadership of Drill Instructor Lebensohn

    1904: In New York City, Benvenida Solis Davis and Goodman Richard Davis gave birth to Goodman Richard Davis, Jr, the “brother of Walter Alan Davis.”

    1905: In a letter to the editor published today, Lucien Wolf replied “to the allegation that the massacre at Odessa originated with the provocative attitude of the Jews and that had they not been armed and organized the efforts of the reactionaries and local authorities to stir up the populace against them would have failed.”

    1905(9th of Kislev, 5666): Eighty-two year old Julius Freiberg, the husband of Duffie Frieberg and father of UAHC president Julius Walter Freiberg, passed away today in Cincinnati.

    1905: Birthdate of Leonard Goldstein who would become President of the American Broadcasting Companies in 1968.

    1905: According to reports received today in Vienna at least 8,000 people of have been killed in Odessa since the attacks on the Jews began in that Russian city.

    1906(20th of Kislev, 5667): Isaac Samuel Isaacs, the second son of Rabbi Samuel Myer Isaacs and Jane Symmons, and Columbia trained lawyer who “was a member of the firm of M.S. & I.S. Isaacs” which “is counsel for the Baron de Hirsch Fund” who was the long time President of the West End Synagogue passed away today in New York City.

    1907:In Chicago, Leon Oboler and Clara Oboler, Jewish immigrants from Riga, Latvia, gave birth to Arch Oboler an American actor, playwright, screenwriter, novelist, producer, and director who was active in radio, films, theater, and television.

    1907: Birthdate of Frija Zoaretz, the native of Libya who made Aliyah in 1949 and served “as a member of the Knesset for the National Religious Party between 1955 and 1969.

    1907: Conductor Arturo Toscanini and his wife Carla De Martini gave birth their daughter Wanda, a Catholic who became Wanda Horowitz in 1922 when she married “pianist Valdimir Horowitz.”

    1907: Birthdate of Lithuanian native Fred Rosenberg who moved to Canada and as Fred Rose

     gained fame as a labor organizer and Canadian communist politician.

    1907:The Trustees, Faculty, and students of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America gave a "surprise party" to Dr. Solomon Schechter, the President of that institution, in celebration of his sixtieth birthday. Dr. Schechter has only been in this country five years, having been summoned by the Trustees of the seminary from his position as Reader in the Rabbinic in Cambridge University, England, and Professor of Hebrew in the University of London.

    1910(6th of Kislev, 5671): Fifty-five year old Rabbi Hirsch Hildesheimer, the son of Rabbi Azriel Hildesheimer and Henriette (Jettchen) Hildeshiemer and the husband of Rosa Therese Hildesheimer passed away in Berlin

    1910: Birthdate of Richard Franko Goldman conductor, educator, author, music critic, and composer who was the son of Edwin Franko Godman.  The son followed the father as conductor of the Goldman Band of New York City.1911(16th of Kislev, 5672): Seventy-eight year old Sir George Lewis passed away.

    1911: Cambridge University conferred an honorary LL.D. degree on Lord Rothschild.

    1911: Arthur M. Myers were re-elected to serve as a “member for Auckland City, East New Zealand.”

    1912: It was reported today that Adolf Kraus, President of the Independent Order of B’nai B’rith has received an urgent appeal by cable from the President of the Grand Lodge in Turkey requesting speedy financial assistance to aid Jewish sufferers from war and cholera” as well as a similar appeal from the President of the Grand Lodge of Romania on behalf of the Jews of Bulgaria.

    1912: Rabbi Tobias Schanfarber is scheduled to speak to the “children of the Sabbath School at the Hebrew Institute this afternoon.

    1914: The Federation of Oriental Jews organized the Oriental Jewish Community of New York. They plan to establish and maintain their own institutions, burial grounds, Talmud-Torahs, etc., and to care for the poor and sick Ladino speaking community.

    1915: Abraham Shalom Yahuda of Madrid is appointed ordinary professor "Catedratico numberario" of rabbinic literature at the Central University. The appointment came despite the fact that there no synagogues in Spain and that there had not been one in the country since 1492.

    1915: The seventh annual convention of the Federation of Jewish Farmers being held in the auditorium of the Educational Alliance building on East Broadway goes into its third day with a morning discussion on “educational and social problems on the farm,” an afternoon business session and a dinner in the evening at the Broadway Central Hotel.

    1915:  In “Red Hook, Brooklyn” Polish-Jewish immigrants “Abraham and Bertha (Schorr) Wallach gave birth to Eli Herschel Wallach the graduate of the University of Texas who earned a Master of Arts degree from CCNY before serving in the United States Army during WW II and gaining fame as act Eli Wallach one of his best was as the Mexican outlaw leader in The Magnificent Seven.

    1916: Birthdate of Dr. Mortimer D. Sackler, a psychiatrist who was a co-owner of the pharmaceutical company Purdue Pharma, makers of the controversial painkiller OxyContin, and whose lavish gifts to the Guggenheim Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Columbia University made him one of New York City’s most prominent benefactors. (As reported by Bruce Weber

    1916: During World War I, David Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister and forms a new government.Lloyd George re-invigorated the British War effort and helped ensure the Allied victory over the Kaiser.  Lloyd George was the Prime Minister when the Balfour Declaration was issued and continued to fight for the Zionist cause after the World War when other British leaders were determined to break their war-time commitment to the Jewish people.

    1916: Herbert Louis Samuel (the Viscount Samuel) completed his first term as Home Secretary in the UK.

    1917: As the Egyptian Expeditionary Force of the British Empire on one side and the Yildirim Army Group of the Ottoman Empire and German Empires prepare for the climactic fight for control of Jaffa, “three infantry divisions of the British XXI Corps, under the command of Lieutenant General Edward Bulfin, began moving their units into position on the coastal plain.”

    1917: The U.S. government, which had declared war on Germany in April, declared war today on its ally the Austro-Hungarian Army.

    1917: The 53rd (Welsh) Division of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, also known as Mott’s detachment, which was supposed to cut the road between Jerusalem and Jericho captured “Solomon’s Pools to the south of Bethlehem” this evening.

    1917: “The forty-six teams which are collecting subscriptions for the five million dollar fund for Jewish war relief and welfare work in the army” stopped their work tonight at sunset tonight because the start of the Sabbath but will resume their activity tomorrow afternoon.

    1917: Supreme Court Justice Irving Lehman, Chairman of the Jewish Welfare Board said that “the Jews of America have furnished the army and navy 50,000 of their finest young men” and the Jews “who cannot serve it as fighters” owe to their country to contribute so that their spiritual needs can be met – in the same that the supports of the YMCA and Knights of Columbus have already done.

    1917: In Kostroma, the Jews formed a “self-defense corps.”

    1917: In Odessa, “the general in command of” the city’s “garrison announced that he would suppress attempts to attack Jews” while “a large part of the garrison openly declared its ‘neutrality’ in events of a pogrom.”

    1917: Pogroms took place in “Belgorodsk, Skuria and Rezev.”

    1917: On the Western Front, the Battle of Cambrai in which the German forces that included Carl Anker, drove back a British forced led by the Mark IV Tank.

    1918:  As Allied troops march into Germany and establish zones of occupation under the terms of the Armistice signed on November 11, German born Zionist Arthur Ruppin wrote in his diary, “Never indeed, in the history of the world has a people been confronted with such terrible armistice terms and admitted its complete defeat, although no enemy has yet set foot on its soil and on the contrary, its armies are still deep within the territories of its enemies.  The simple man in the street cannot understand what has happened so suddenly and feels completely lost.”

    1918: Achille Ratti, the future Pope Pius XI, writes a letter to Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, Vatican Secretary of State, apparently complaining about what he considered the disproportionate power of Jews in Poland. "There are about 600,000 Protestants and about 2 million Jews, but their religious importance is negligible, outside of the fairly frequent conversions to Catholicism.  But by contrast their economic, political, and social importance (especially that of the Jews) is large and indeed tremendous." (As reported by Austin Cline)

    1918: “Camden Jews opened the great drive of the Federation of Jewish Charities of Camden with a mass meeting at the Towers Theatre” tonight.

    1919: In Albany Park (Chicago), the bazaar sponsored by the Sisterhood of Temple Israel is scheduled to come to an end today.

    1919: Mrs. Morris S. Rosenwald is scheduled to perform for the Symphony Concert at the Chicago Hebrew Institute.

    1921: The graduation of the nursing class from Hadassah hospital, which had been postponed due to Arab attacks in November, took place.  The graduation address was given by Dr. Eder, a distinguished British Jew and member of the Zionist Executive who spoke in English.  Dr. Eliezer Ben Yehuda, one of the pioneering fathers’ of Modern Hebrew, walked out in protest.

    1922: Professor George L. Scherger is scheduled to lecture on “George Bernard Shaw” this evening at the Sinai Social Center in Chicago, Illinois.

    1922: In Manhattan, Walter and Marion Pollak gave birth to Louis Heilprin Pollak, “a federal judge and former dean of two prestigious law schools who played a significant role in major civil rights cases before the Supreme Court, including the landmark Brown v. Board of Education desegregation case” (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

    1923: Birthdate of Professor Sir Abraham Goldberg who became Regius Professor of the Practice of Medicine at the University of Glasgow

    1924: In Frankfurt am Main Gustav and Toni (née Koch) Fleischmann gave birth to Ernest Martin Fleischmann who fled the Nazis and eventually became “imperious impresario who ran the Los Angeles Philharmonic for nearly three decades, helping to elevate its stature to that of an orchestra of the first rank.”

    1925: Birthdate of Brooklynite Max “Slats” Zaslofsky the St. John’s college basketball player who played for “the Chicago Stags of the newly organized Basketball Association of America, the forerunner of the National Basketball Association” after which he coached “for two seasons in the American Basketball Association with the New Jersey Americans/New York Nets.”

    1925: In Great Britain, movie mogul G.B. Samuelson and his wife gave birth to Sir Sydney Wylie Samuelson who was appointed as the first British Film Commissioner in 1991 and the first President of the UK Jewish Film Festival.

    1926: Author Alfred Döblin and his wife gave birth to their third son Stefan

    1928: Birthdate of Noam Chomsky.

    1928: The annual Who’s Who issued of the American Hebrew Magazine published today revealed that John D. Rockefeller, Jr. who contributed $500,000 toward Jewish colonization in the Soviet Union was one of “four Christians among the twenty-six persons who have merited special distinction because of achievements in spheres of mutual endeavor among Jews and Christians in American during the year 1928.”

    1929: “Glorifying the American Girl,” a musical comedy with songs by Irving Berlin and featuring a cameo appearance by Eddie Cantor was released in the United States today.

    1930(17th of Kislev, 5691): Edward David Cowen, the newspaper man whose articles and life were chronicled in Newspaper career of E.D. Cowen, with biographic sketches by Charles A. Murray, Slason Thompson, R.E.M. Strickland, C.E. Arney, Hugh Hume, Frank M. Dallam, Jr passed away today.

    1930: Pauline “Koner's first choreographed piece was presented today] at the Guild Theatre.”

    1931:Although Beth El in Camden, NJ, had been organized in 1920, the tenth an­niversary was celebrated by Sisterhood at a special meeting” today which was held in conjunction with Hadassah and Council of Jewish Women and featured Dr. Israel H. Leventhal of New York's Brooklyn Jewish Center, the son of Philadelphia's "Chief Rabbi", Bernard Leventhal, as the guest speaker.

    1933: Premier of the cinematic version Elmer Rice's play 'Counsellor-at-Law”' starring John Barrymore. Rice was Jewish.  Barrymore was not.

    1935(11th of Kislev, 5696): Parashat Vayetzei

    1935(11th of Kislev, 5696): Fifty-nine year old Herman Morris Adler, the son of Dr. Isaac Adler, the nephew of Felix Adler and the husband of Frances Porter who graduated from Columbia and Harvard Medical School who went on to a career as a “psychiatrist and criminologist” passed away today in Boston. Birthdate of Robert Belinsky, the native of New York’s Lower East Side who gained fame as major league pitcher Bo Belinsky who was better known for his off the field antics than his on the mound skills.

    1936: It was reported today that Senator Royal S. Copeland declared that “the British Government’s lack of any definite policy in administering its League of Nations mandate in Palestine was responsible for the Arab rioting” and that because of a special treaty with Great Britain, the United States “is under a solemn obligation to see to it that Great Britain carries out its duties.

    1937: Pianist and composer Alexander Tansman married Colette Cras, a pianist of repute who was the daughter of the composer Admiral Jean Cras and the mother of his two daughters, Mireille and Marianne.

    1940: In Brooklyn, Sol Frank Steinhardt and his wife gave birth to Michael Steinhardt the hedge fund manager who founded Steinhardt, Fine, Berkowitz & Co.

    1941: A ship from Lisbon arrives at Ellis Island arrives carrying Wanda Landowska.

    1941, Japanese warplanes attacked the home base of the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, an act that led to America's entry into World War II.  Approximately 500,000 Jews served during World War II.  This was about ten per cent of the Jewish Population in the United States, which would have made it higher than the average for other ethnic groups.  The numbers put the lie to the anti-Semitic slur that Jews were nothing but black market profiteers.  Approximately 52,000 of the Jewish service personnel were decorated during the war. 

    1941: Time Magazine correspondent Theodore White dropped slips of paper down twenty-nine floors to the street from Time offices at Rockefeller Center to inform bewildered Christmas shoppers below that Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor. This young Jewish Harvard graduate would go on to write The Making of the President 1960, a classic which would change the nature of political literature while helping to create the Kennedy Legend and the Concept of Camelot.

    1941:  SS and Latvian firing squads began a slaughter of the Jews of Riga.  Between December 7 and December 9, 1941, 25,000 Riga Jews were put to death by firing squads. Combined with previous actions by the SS and their Latvian allies, only 20% of original Jewish population in Riga now remained. This ghetto was now ready to house German Jew deportees. Among the victims is a preeminent Jewish historian, 81-year-old Simon Dubnow.

    1941: While “writing bulletins for The Times’s radio affiliate, Lester Bernstein was the first staff member to report the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.”

    1941: At Pearl Harbor, Ensign Nathan Asher, a graduate of the Naval Academy took command U.S.S. Blue since the skipper was ashore and in a harrowing trip lasting one and half hours guided the ship out to open waters and safety while Ensign Milton Moldane, a graduate of Washington University Law School “took charge of the forward machine guns” fighting off the attacking Japanese aircraft.

    1941(17th of Kislev, 5702): During the attack at Pearl Harbor, Radio Mechanic 3rd Class Rosenthal gave his life aboard the U.S. S. California.

    1941(17thof Kislev, 5702): Private Louis Shleifer, a native of Newark, NJ, serving with the U.S. Army Air Corps was mortally wounded as he helped his comrades move planes into hangars to avoid having them be destroyed by attacking Japanese aircraft.

    1941(17thof Kislev, 5702): Lee Goldfarb, a native of Jersey City, NJ, serving as a 3rdClass radioman aboard the U.S.S. Oglala lost his life when a Japanese torpedo struck and sunk his ship.

    1941: The attack at Pearl Harbor brings the U.S. into WW II during which approximately 200 Jews from Utah would serve in the various branches of the Armed forces.

    1941: According to the Glenn Flower, German-Dutch landowner Johannes Steel who fled to the United States after the Nazis came to power was one of the few who “predicted the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor a week before it occurred.”

    1941: The Tatsuma Maru whose passengers included Lew Zikman, which had left Japan on December 1st bound for the United States, turned around today and returned to Yokohaman.

    1941: The Nazis begin gas-van extermination operations at the death camp in Chelmno, Poland

    1942( 28thof Kislev, 5703):Eighty-three year old Hannah Greenebaum Solomon the celebrated founder of the National Council of Jewish Women which was the first national association of Jewish women and also an important force for reform in Chicago around the turn of the twentieth century” passed away today. (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archives)

    1942: Today, “during the pacification action around Ciepielów, a group of 14 Christian Poles were shot by the gendarmes for hiding Jews including Wojciech Skrzak, Marianna Skwira, Barbara Stefanek, the Wdowiak family including Benedykt (58), Aleksandra (17) and Marianna (94); as well as the Wojewódka family with Ignacy (50), his wife Marianna (45) and children Wacław, Jan, Stanisław, and Józef, age 7. (Editor’s note – The price for being a “righteous gentile” was high, a grim reality that should be factored in when studying the response to the Nazis and their allies during WWII)

    1942: Went the Day Well?” a British war film directed by Michael Balcon, the youngest son of “Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe was released today in the United Kingdom.

    1942: German troops enter the Polish village of Bialka and murder 96 villagers suspected of shielding Jews fleeing the anti-Jewish Aktionin the nearby Parczew Forest.

    1942: United States State Department official G. Robert Borden Reams, an "expert" on the Jews in the Division of European Affairs, advises that the United States government remain silent concerning details of the Holocaust.

    1942: British official John Cecil Sterndale Bennett is upset because Bulgarian Jewish children may be allowed into Palestine.

    1943: Eighty-two year old Baltimore born ophthalmologist Charles Henry May, MD, who had earned a degree in Pharmacy before pursuing his medical career, passed away today.


    1944 (21st of Kislev, 5705):Satmar Rebbe Joel Teitelbaum rescued. The Satmar Rebbe, Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum (1887-1979), was rescued from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, along with 1,368 other Jews, through the efforts of Rudulf Kastner, head of the Zionist rescue operation in Hungary (an earlier transport of 1,686 Jews had been rescued on Av 29). The Satmar community celebrates the 21st of Kislev as a day of thanksgiving.

    1944: USS Drum (SS-228) a Gato-class submarine which has been under the command of Maurice H. Rindskopf set out on 12th war patrol

    1944: The Kasztner transport’s 1, 361 Jews who had left Bergen Belsen on December 4 crossed the border into Switzerland today. For more see the work of Gaylen Ross at

    where you can order a copy of “Killing Kasztner)

    1945: Irvine Robbins opened his first ice cream store -- called Snowbird because he couldn't think of anything else – on the day after his 28thbirthday. Robbins used $2,000 he saved and cashed a $4,000 insurance policy his father had given him at his bar mitzvah at Seattle's Temple DeHirsch Sinai to finance the venture. Robbins had 21 flavors then, and his cousin bought $39 of the first day's $53 total ice cream sales.

    1946: U.S. Secretary of state James “Jimmy” F. Byrnes said endorsed the creation of a Jewish state when he said that partition was the best solution to the Palestine Problem.

    1947(24th of Kislev, 5708): In the evening, kindle the first Chanukah light

    1947: During a meeting of the Jewish World Congress, it was charged that anti-Jewish incidents are taking place in Iran

    1947: Sir Alan Cunningham, the British High Commissioner asked David Ben Gurion to meet with so that he could tell him that the British "had decided to evacuation Palestine as soon as possible." 

    1947(24th of Kislev, 5708): Eighty-one year old French author and lawyer Tristan Bernard whose health was broken during his imprisonment at Drancy passed away today,

    1947(24th of Kislev, 5708): Pessia Lev, a nineteen year old student nurse was killed by Arab snipers when the eight bus convoy she was riding in was attacked as it made its way to Jerusalem.  Lev was going home to celebrate Chanukah with her family.

    1948: Birthdate of Hartford, CT native and winner of the 2007 Dayton Literary Peace Prize Mark Kurlanksy whose works include Nonviolence: Twenty-five Lessons from the History of a Dangerous Idea.

    1948: President Truman announced that he would ask Congress for money for the Palestinian refugees.  This would appear to be at odds with the British who want to furnish supplies and money for the refugees from UN working capital funds

    1948: The Transjordan cabinet gives its consent to crowning of King Abdullah as king of united Palestine and Transjordan.  [In other words, having crossed the Jordan River, seized what is called the West Bank and the Old City of Jerusalem, the Jordanians were staking their claim to the land as opposed to turning it over to the Palestinians for a state of their own.]

    1948: On the third and final day of Operation Assaf, the Egyptians prepared to counter-attack and drive the Israelis back. “However, Israeli Air Force reconnaissance revealed the Egyptian preparations in the morning. The Israeli assault battalion was sent to the Egyptian's north (left) flank and stormed their forces southwards, then chased the retreating Egyptians westward, eventually stopping in face of strong anti-tank Egyptian positions.” With the end of Operation Assaf, the Israelis cleared the area of mine’s and built defensive lines in case the Egyptians came back, before being withdrawn to take part in Operation Horev. 

    1950(28th of Kislev, 5711): Sixty-six year old, the Labor Zionist leader “served as the secretary of the World Union of Poalei Zion” passed away today in Haifa.

    1951: An instrumental version of “Charmaine" co-composed by Lew Pollack reached the top spot on Billboard today.

    1952: Yigael Yadin resigned today, over disagreements with prime minister and defense minister David Ben-Gurion about cuts to the military budget, which he argued should be at least one third of the national budget

    1952:Mordechai Maklef became the I.D.F.’s Chief of Staff

    1953(1st of Tevet, 5714): Sixth Day of Chanukah; Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1953: Comdr. Hugo Frankberger, (USN Ret) a native of Charleston, W.VA, and a graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy is scheduled to be buried this morning at Arlington National Cemetery after funeral services at Fort Myers, Va.

    1953: To the amazement of the Israeli public, Ben-Gurion resigned as Prime Minister and retired to the small farming community of Sde Boker in the Negev.

    1956: “Rock, Rock, Rock!” produced by Max Rosenberg and Milton Subotsky who also co-wrote the screenplay and music for the film which was released today in the United States today.

    1957: NBC broadcast the last episode of “Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion” produced by Harry Saltzman

    1959: The Broadway production of “Saratoga” Harold Arlen’s musical adaptation of Saratoga Trunk by Edna Ferber “opened at the Winter Garden Theatre where it ran for 80 performances.”

    1959: David Susskind produced “Simply Heavenly” on The Play of the Week.

    1960: In New York, Julian Frieden, the chief of coronary care at Montefiore Hospital and New Rochelle Hospitals in New York and his wife gave birth to Thomas R. Frieden, “the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” under President Obama who in 2008 was arrested “and charged with groping a woman in his apartment in 2017.”

    1967(5th of Kislev, 5728): Eighty-seven year old “former New York Supreme Court Justice Meier Steinbrink, who served as chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith from 1946 to 1952” passed way today. (JTA)

    1967: “Rabbi Jay Kaufman, executive vice president of B’nai B’rith, charged today that the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) had permitted its facilities to be used to “subvert minds and poison hearts” against Israel in its “desire to remain acceptable to the host Arab countries.” (JTA).

    1967:How Now, Dow Jones a musical comedy by Academy Award winner Elmer Bernstein, Tony Award nominee Carolyn Leigh and Max Shulman opened at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre

    1969(27th of Kislev, 5730): Third Day of Chanukah

    1969(27th of Kislev, 5730): Seventy-eight year old New York born, Harvard grad Howard Joseph Sachs, an investment banker with Goldman, Sachs passed away today.

    1970(9th of Kislev, 5731): Cartoonist Rube Goldberg passed away. The winner of the 1948 Pulitzer Prize for cartooning made his name synonymous with complicated ways to perform simple tasks.

    1972(2nd of Tevet, 5733): Eighty-nine year old German born composer and conductor Klaus Pringsheim, Sr. the father of “Klaus Pringsheim, Jr., who attended Bunce Court School, a German-Jewish refugee school in Kent, England during World War II” and the brother-in-law of Thomas Mann passed away today in Tokyo.

    1973(12th of Kislev, 5734): Seventy-three year old Benn Wolfe Levy, the playwright and Member of Parliament passed away today.

    1976(15th of Kislev, 5737): Odessa native Boris Pragel, who partnered with his younger brother Alexander to become a leading dealer “in uranium and other radioactive elements and who was the husband of painter Alexandra Pragel passed away today.

    1977(27th of Kislev, 5738): Peter Goldmark passed away.  Born in Hungary in 1906, Goldmark was an engineer who played a major role in the development of the long-playing record and the first commercial color television.

    1979(17th of Kislev, 5740): Ninety year old “Walter A. Haas, Sr. the former chairman of the board of Levi Strauss and Company passed away today.

    1979(17th of Kislev, 5740): Eighty-one year old Edward “Eddie” Gottlieb the native of Kiev for whom the NBA Rookie of the Year Trophy is named and whose dominate role in the early days of the National Basketball Association earned him  election to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame passed away today.

    1980: It was reported today that “most of the emigres” from the Soviet Union “came to America ‘to escape the ignominy of being Jews’ and to take advantage of material freedoms in the United States” and that while “care little for spiritual instruction…they placed a high value on” secular “education for their children.

    1981: Philip C. Habib, President Reagan's special envoy to the Middle East, is scheduled to meet with Foreign Minister Yitzhak Shamir in Jerusalem today.

    1983: “Romantic Comedy” the movie version of the play by the same name, directed by Arthur Hiller, co-produced by Walter Mirisch with music by Marvin Hamlisch and co-starring Ron Leibman was released in the United States today.

    1984: “City Heat” a crime film directed by Richard Benjamin and co-starring Madeline Kahn was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.

    1984: In his review of the new four hour made for television film version of “The Sun Also Rises” John J. O’Connor reminds us that “the anti-Semitism in Hemingway’s work clearly remains a problem” as can be seen by the depiction of the fictional “Robert Cohn.”  He is “the New York Jew who is never quite swell enough to be fully accepted into…the special inner circle of” Jake Barnes and who “emerges as an obnoxious whiner with a pronounced streak of nastiness.” (Hemingway is but one of a series of noted American writers whom critics felt dabbled in anti-Semitism, something that was not mentioned when Pappa was busy “fighting fascism” during the Spanish Civil War.)

    1986:Arab and Jew:Wounded Spirits in a Promised Land by David K. Shipler is among the twelve books chosen by the New York Times Book Review as the best books published in the country during the preceding year.

    1986: NBC broadcast the first of the two part series “Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna” written by James Goldman and co-starring Amy Irving.

    1987: About 10,000 Israelis held a rally today to demand that the Kremlin open the gates for Soviet Jews to emigrate. ''We say to the Soviet leader, free my people,'' Foreign Minister Shimon Peres told the crowd. ''We want him to know we will not forget our brethren in the Soviet Union.''''No more gestures, no more tokens,'' President Chaim Herzog said. ''For us, the outcome of the discussion of human rights will be the litmus test for the success of this summit.

    1988: President-elect George Bush announced the appointment of Thomas B. Pickering who has served as U.S. Ambassador to Israel since 1985 to be the next United States representative to the United Nations.Mr. Pickering has condemned what he considered violations of human rights, particularly since widespread unrest by Palestinians began almost a year ago in the occupied territories of the West Bank and Gaza. A member of the political inner circle of Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir has called Mr. Pickering ''a hostile ambassador of a friendly state.'' Mr. Pickering's greatest frustration in Israel has been the refusal of Mr. Shamir to cooperate in a peace initiative by Secretary of State George P. Shultz that would involve an international conference on the Israeli-Arab conflict.

    1988: Yasser Arafat recognizes the right of Israel to exist.  Given what transpired afterwards including the Second Intifada, he must have had his fingers crossed.

    1990: In a column entitled “Abroad at Home; A Broken Dream” Anthony Lewis described the anguish of Yuval Neria, a decorated war hero and poet who became a clinical a psychologist and author the semi-auto-biographical bestselling novel entitled “Fire.”

    1991(30th of Kislev, 5752): Parashat Miketz; Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah

    1991(30th of Kislev, 5752): Seventy year old Brooklynite and movie producer Herb Jaffe who began his career as literary agent for such notables as Paddy Chayefsky, Reginald Rose and Joseph Heller, passed away today.

    1992(12th of Kislev, 5753: Hamas murders three Israeli soldiers and proclaims the killings to be acts of heroism.

    1993(23rd of Kislev, 5754):Palestinian gunmen killed a Jewish settler and his son today and wounded three other sons near the West Bank town of Hebron The attack was the latest explosion in steadily increasing violence between Arabs and Jews in Hebron, and it drew a strong condemnation from Secretary of State Warren Christopher as he returned to Israel after stops in Syria and Jordan to push forward Middle East peace efforts.

    1994:In a sign of Washington's mounting frustration with Yasir Arafat and his Palestinian Authority, Secretary of State Warren Christopher said today that Israel cannot be expected to withdraw its army from the occupied West Bank until Palestinian attacks on Israelis come to an end.

    1997:Inbal Segev, a world-renowned female cellist who grew up in Israel,made her Carnegie Hall debut today where she performed the Carnegie Hall premiere of Trois strophes sur le nom de Sacher for solo cello by Henri Dutilleux

    1997: The New York Timeslist of the Best Books of 1997 contains the following works about Jewish related subjects or by Jewish authors including American Pastoral by Phillip Roth and The Puttermesser Papers by Cynthia Ozick.

    1998: “Louis B. Mayer: Lion of Hollywood” published today provides Budd Schulberg’s view of the movie mogul and the world he created.

    1998: In “Beauty Queen,” published today, Grace Mirabella described how Estee Lauder “turned cosmetic into a big business”

    1998(18th of Kislev, 5759): Dr Martin Rodbell an American biochemist who was awarded the 1994 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine passed away. (As reported by Wolfgang Saxon)

    2000: Austrian born, American investment banker Felix Rohatyn completed his services as “U.S. Ambassador to France and Monaco.”

    2003: The New York Timesbook section featured books by Jewish authors and/or about subjects of Jewish interest including The Complete Lyrics of Frank Loesser Edited by Robert Kimball and Steve Nelson

    2003: The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) is scheduled to “honor the lifetime achievements of San Francisco born philanthropist William “Biily” Veprin and his wife Tootsie

    2004:In his talk, "The Royal Court Preacher and the Hebrew Book: Early Enlightenment and Hebrew Publishing in Prussia, 1700-1750," Menachem Schmelzer examined the role of an influential figure in the Prussian court, the Christian theologian and scholar D.E. Jablonski, who founded the Hebrew press in Berlin in 1690.

    2004: “An IDF soldier of the Oketz canine unit was killed by a bomb, along with his dog, when a booby-trapped chicken coup exploded northwest of the Karni Crossing. Four soldiers were wounded in the exchange of fire while evacuating him. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.”

    2005: Two days after the murder of five Israelis at a shopping mall, an IAF helicopter destroyed the car carrying a PRC leader.  The PRC is part of Hamas.  The attack is part of a targeted response designed to destroy the terrorist infrastructure in Gaza and the West Bank.

    2006:  Zachor? Who will remember that today is the 65th anniversary of “The Day that Will Live Infamy”?

    2006: The House of Representatives gave final passage to a bill aimed at forcing the Palestinians' ruling Hamas government to accept Israel and join negotiations toward a Palestinian state in formerly Israeli-occupied territory. "This bipartisan legislation gives incentives to the Palestinian Authority to take another step toward joining the community of peaceful nations and a step away from the abyss of supporting terrorism," Sen. Mitch McConnell, Republican chief sponsor of the bill, said in a statement.

    2007(27 Kislev, 5768): Harvey David Luber, 71, son of Nathan and Anne Luber, passed away today.Born July 20, 1936 in Chicago, IL, he shared 52 years of marriage with his beloved wife, Elaine Roberta Barg, and was blessed with 4 children, 7 grandchildren and 3 great-grandchildren, son and daughter-in-law, Philip and Jackie Luber; daughter and son-in-law, Karen and Mark Mackey; daughter and son-in-law, Gayle and Steve Mink; and son, preceded in death, Sheldon Luber. While Harvey was justifiably proud of being graduate of Northwestern University with a double major in Chemistry and Biology with a minor in Humanities and he was even prouder of having earned MSJS (Master of Science in Judaic Studies) from Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies in Chicago, Illinois. As a member of Temple B’Nai Israel and previously Congregation Agudith Achim, Harvey devoted 40 years of his life to educating young people and serving in many board positions within the community. He also served as Executive Director of the Jewish Federation of Arkansas for many years. He believed in education as a way to understand one another, speaking to schools about the Holocaust and church groups about comparative religion. He shared his love and knowledge of photography and Judaism by teaching at the Arkansas Art Center and UALR. He was an outstanding teacher, role model and friend and touched many people’s lives of all ages. He was my friend, a chever in the truest sense of the term.  As long as a camera shutter clicks, his students open books or one of us chuckles over the memory of unique “Harvey moment” he will always live amongst us.

    2007: After having premiered in London, “The Golden Compass,” directed and written by Chris Weitz was released today in the United States.

    2007:  As a testament to the strength and creativity of small town Judaism in the 21st century, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Temple Judah hosts a Shabbat Chanukah potluck complete with latkes and apple sauce.

    2007: On Friday, the fourth day of Chanukah, four Jewish subway riders were approached by a group of ten people who offered holiday greetings.  When the Jews responded with greetings of Happy Chanukah, they were pelted with anti-Semitic remarks before being beaten.

    2008: The First Annual Goldstein Lecture in memory of Jonathan Goldstein is presented by David Schoenbaum on Sunday afternoon at Agudas Achim. Schoenbaum’s topic is "Fiddlers on the Roof: How They Got Up There, and How They Got Down.” Professor Jonathan Goldstein was a long time member of Agudas Achim and had a joint appointment in the UI History Dept and Classics Dept. He was an ordained rabbi and his research was in Jewish Studies. He was considered the expert on the Hasmonean period.

    2008: Barbara Streisand is among those honored by the Kennedy Center for her contribution to Arts in America.

    2008: In The Washington Post, critic Jonathan Yardley’s list of the fifteen best books he reviewed in 2008 include For the Thrill of It: Leopold, Loeb and the Murder That Shocked Chicago, by Simon Baatz and The Spies of Warsaw by Jewish author Alan Furst.

    2009(22ndof Kislev, 5770): Roy Solomonoff, a pioneer, in Artificial Intelligence, passed away today. (As reported by John Markoff)

    2009: Poets and writers from Israel and all over the world come together in Jerusalem at Beit Avi Chai and  Mishkenot Sha'ananim, for the opening session of the third annual Kisufim Conference,  which aims to "encourages encounters between Israeli creativity - in Hebrew and other languages - and world Jewish creativity that is both multilingual and multicultural," according to the organizers. This year's participants include Miriam Anisimov (France), Jonathan Rosen (USA), Dara Horn (USA), Rodger Kamenetz (USA), Linda Grant (UK), Marcelo Birmajer (Argentina), Ilan Stavans (Mexico/USA), Emmanuel Moses (France) Robert Schindel (Austria), Esther Bendahan (Spain), Lucette Lagnado (Egypt/USA), Lisa Ginzburg (Italy), Geza Rohrig (Hungary/USA), Angel Wagenstein (Bulgaria), Alessandro Piperno (Italy) and Norman Manea (USA).

    2009: The 20th Washington Jewish Film Festival includes a screening of “Human Failure,” a film that “documents the bizarre competition that developed between bureaucrats as to how to organize the robbery of the German Jews before they were ever expelled or sent to their deaths.”

    2009: The 24th Annual New York Israeli Film Festival includes a screening of “The Voice of Jerusalem,” a documentary that examines the city’s “glorious feature” and “bleak future.”

    2009: Galilee police arrested two additional suspects in an attempt to extort millions of shekels from McDonald's Israel.

    2009: A four day conference entitled "A Century of Yiddish: 1908-2008" opened in Jerusalem

    2009. The third annual Kisufim Conference opened at Beit  Avi Chai and at Mishkenot.

    2009: Ambassador Michael Oren addressed a breakfast session at the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism's biennial convention during which he "bashed" J Street as being "out of the mainstream."

    2010: Dozens of Israel's municipal chief rabbis have signed on to a religious ruling that forbids renting homes to gentiles, and more specifically to Arabs.  The ruling, which became public today, comes less than two months after leading rabbis in the northern Israeli city of Safed signed on to a letter drafted by the city's chief rabbi calling on Jews not to rent to non-Jews in the northern Israeli city, as well as a month after rabbis in the haredi Orthodox Israeli city of Bnei Brak issued a religious ruling forbidding residents to rent apartments to African refugees, echoing a similar ruling for southern Tel Aviv.

    2010: The East Coast Premier of Jews In Space is scheduled to take place at the 21st Washington Jewish Film Festival.

    2010: The Jewish Study Center is scheduled to present a program entitled The Military Siddur — and Soldiers’ Prayers in which Michael Bloom will look at the special prayerbook for Jewish members of the Armed Services and the unique prayer for and about military personnel and our national security.

    2010(30thKislev, 5711): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    2010: Eighty-seven year old Dr. Samuel I Mintz, a Fulbright Scholar and Guggenheim Fellow who was Professor Emeritus of English at CCNY and CUNY Graduate Center passed away today.

    2010(30thKislev, 5711): Eighty-six year old “Arnold Hans Weiss, who fled to the United States from Nazi Germany as a 13-year-old and returned as an American soldier during World War II, becoming a principal in the investigation that led to the discovery of Hitler’s last will and political testament, died today in Rockville, Md. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2010: A farewell ceremony was held at the Crowne Plaza Hotel in Jerusalem today for the international firefighting forces that assisted Israel in putting out the recent fire in the Carmel Forest region. Deputy Foreign Minister Ayalon spoke at the ceremony and gave each delegation a certificate that a tree was planted on their behalf by the Deputy Foreign Minister.

    2010: Former European Union Commissioner Frits Bolkenstein said that Jews have no future in the Netherlands and recommended that they emigrate to the US or Israel, Dutch magazine Elsevier reported today."

    2011: The Israeli documentary “I Shot My Love” is scheduled to be shown tonight at the 22nd Annual Jewish Film Festival in Washington, DC.

    2011: The Northern Virginia Legislative Reception complete with “light kosher buffet” is scheduled to take placed at the JCC of Northern Virginia in Fairfax, VA.

    2011: The post-Chicago national tour of Nora and Delia Ephron’s “Love, Loss and What I Wore” began today.

    2011: Seventieth Anniversary of the Attack on Pearl Harbor.  How many will remember “the day that will live in infamy”?

    2011: Israel's Yav Vashem Holocaust memorial said today it has received its largest private donation ever - a $25 million gift from U.S. casino mogul Sheldon Adelson.

    2011: Today, a representative body of medical residents voted in favor of a draft deal with the Finance Ministry to end a months-long labor dispute.

    2011: Moshe “Katsav arrived at Maasiyahu Prison in Ramla to begin serving his seven-year sentence.”

    2012: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor “First Friday Book Group.”

    2012: In Fairfax, VA, Gesher Jewish Day School is scheduled to sponsor a Sheldon Low Concert

    2012: “Human Rights Shabbat” is scheduled to start this evening at Adat Reyim in Springfield, VA.

    2012: Jewish Book Month comes to an end.

    2012: Roei Fridman, Elyasaf Bashari, Netanel Lesser, Yishai Ben Yaaov and Yishai Tsarfaty are scheduled to perform “Hamshushalym” at the Eden-Tamir Music Center.

    2012: 71st anniversary of “The Day of Infamy.”

    2012: Two IDF soldiers and a border policeman were injured lightly this afternoon when a group of about 40 Palestinian protesters threw stones in their direction in the northern West Bank town of Kafr Qaddum.

    2012: As Israeli politicians shift alliances as part of the current election campaigns, her two neighbors conduct politics in a different style.  The world watches and wonders about the possible use by the Syrian government of chemical weapons on its own citizens in a civil war that has claimed the lives of mostly innocent civilians.  At the same time, mobs in Egypt clash over President Morsi’s new Islamist constitution and his granting to himself (temporarily of course) of sweeping powers that make his actions immune from judicial review.

    2012: “Anarchy in the U.S.A.” published today provides a review of Sasha and Emma: The Anarchist Odyssey of Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman by Paul Avrich and Karen Avrich

    2012(23rdof Kislev, 5773): Seventy-three year old Saul Steinberg the Wharton graduate who tried to use Leasco as the base on which to build a financial empire based on a series of acquisitions passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    2012(23rdof Kislev, 5773): Eighty-two year old Table Tennis champion Marty Reisman passed away today (As reported by Douglas Martin)

    2013: JOFA’s 8th International Conference of Feminism and Orthodoxy is scheduled to open this evening at John Jay College in New York.

    2013: The Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to present “An Evening in Honor of Yehuda Amicahi.”

    2013: The JCC of Northern Virginia is scheduled to present “Jackie Hoffman’s A Chanukah Charol.”

    2013: The IDF said today that an Israeli military vehicle damaged by a bomb attack set off by Syrians on the Golan Heights was the first “targeted bombing of Israeli forces” since the start of the Syrian civil war. (As reported by Reuters and Forwards)

    2013: The Traditional Shabbat Minyan remembers those who answered the call to service as it observes “Pearl Harbor Shabbat” at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

    2013: Kansas-raised Jew Paul Rudd is scheduled to host Saturday Night Live this weekend. (As reported by Jordan Hoffman

    2013(4thof Tevet, 5774): Eighty-three year old Jack Fishman “who helped develop naloxone, a powerful medication that has saved countless people from fatal overdoses of heroin and other narcotics” passed away today. (As reported by William Yardley)

    2013(4thof Tevet, 5774): Eight-two year old Olympic gold medal winning coxswain and rowing coach Allen Rosenberg passed away today. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

    2013: Germany’s Bild newspaper reported today that “German has signed a multimillion arms deal with Israel” which will provide the Jewish state with two guided missile destroyers that can be used her natural gas pipelines. (As reported by Yifa Yaakov)

    2013: Acclaimed Russian pianist Evgeny Kissin is scheduled to be granted Israeli citizenship in a special ceremony this evening in Jerusalem.

    2014: In Bethesda, MD, Ruth Marcus, “an op-ed columnist and member of the editorial board of The Washington Post” is scheduled to speak at the 54thannual meeting of Congregation Beth El.

    2014(15thof Kislev, 5775): One hundred year old William “Billy” Salomon the former head of Salomon Bros. passed away today.

    2014: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to host The Ruth Spector Memorial Mah Johngg Tournament.

    2014: The UK Jewish Comedy Festival is scheduled to “Comedy Club 4 Kids.”

    2014: The funeral for Gil Marks is scheduled to take place today.

    2014: On day after the story of Dinah is read as part of the weekly sedrah, Lifetime is scheduled to broadcast the first in a two part series based on The Red Tent, a novel that “took the shards of Dinah’s story, told in a fairly short chapter of Genesis, and recast them as a layered tale of sisterhood, friendship and love.” (As reported Debra Nussbaum Cohen)

    2014: “Prominent Israeli authors Amos Oz, David Grossman, and A.B. Yehoshua were among 800 Israeli signatories to a letter sent to the Belgian parliament today, calling on it to recognize a Palestinian state.”

    2014: Israel did not respond to charges by Syria of air attacks the IAF, which according to other sources were an attack on a weapons cache destined for Hezbollah. (As reported by Ave Issaccharoff)

    France’s interior minister vowed today to make the fight against anti-Semitism a “national cause” after a couple was attacked apparently because the man was Jewish.”

    La Scala’s gala season premier “Fidelio” today marks Daniel Barenboim’s final opening-night bow as musical director as Italian opera enters one of its most tumultuous seasons in memory.”

    2014: The New York Times list of “100 Notable Books of 2014” published the following works by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers: American Innovations by Rivka Galchen, Faithful and Virtuous Night by Louise Gluck, Lena Finkle’s Magic Barrel by Anya Ulinich, The Magician’s Land by Lev Grossman, A Replacement Life by Boris Fishman, American Mirror: The Life and Art of Norman Rockwell by Deborah Solomon, Eichmann Before Jerusalem: The Unexamined Life of a Mass Murder by Bettina Stangneth, The Invisible Bridge: The Fall of Nixon and the Rise of Reagan by Rick Perlstein, Little Failure: A Memoir by Gary Shteyngart, The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession by Dana Goldstein, Thirteen Days In September: Carter, Begin and Sadat at Camp David by Lawrence Wright, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate by Naomi Klein and World Order by Henry Kissinger.

    2015: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host a screening of “The Unvanquished” the 1945 film which was the first Soviet cinematic depiction “of the mass murder of Jews and one of the first ever Holocaust films” which “includes scenes of mass executions that were filmed on location in Babi Yar” followed by a discussion led by Anna Shternshis, University of Toronto and Olga Gershenson, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

    2015:  The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education is scheduled to offer special incentives marking National Human Rights Month.

    2015: Librarians at the Martin Luther King Librarians and staff from U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum are scheduled to work with “citizen historians to research how Washington, DC area newspaper reported on several events during the Holocaust.”

    2015: In what was later described as “just a joke,” Rick Kriseman, “The Jewish mayor of St. Petersburg, Florida made it known today that Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump was unwelcome in his city, following Trump’s suggestion the same day that the United States prevent all Muslims from entering the country.” (As reported by Renee Ghert-Zand)

    2016: “The a-Sham Arab Food Festival in which 45 leading chefs from the Arab (Muslim, Christian and Druze) and Jewish sectors will showcase the culinary treasures of the region passed down through generations, but with modern twists” is scheduled to open in Haifa today.

    2016: “Big: The Musical” featuring music by David Shire and with a book by John Weidman, the son of Jerome Weidman is scheduled to open at the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre in Dublin.

    2016: “Beyond the Mountains and the Hills” and “Sand Storm” are scheduled to be shown at the 10th Annual Other Israel Film Festival.

    2016: The Leo Baeck Institute is scheduled to present Ismar Schorsch, Chancellor Emeritus of the Jewish Theological Seminary and President Emeritus of LBI, who will discuss his new biography of Leopold Zunz, “a key figure in the 19th-century development of the academic study of Judaism.

    2016: On the seventy-fifth anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor we remember those who fought there on that seemingly long-ago Sunday morning including Philadelphians Alex Sherman on board the U.S.S. New Orleans, Ben Lichtman on board the U.S.S. West Virginia and Irvin Greben serving at the Naval Air Station in Kaneohe Bay as well as Stan Levitt from Overland Park, Kansas on board the U.S.S. Rigel and Bernard Rubien from Rancho Mirage, CA serving at Hickam Field. (Courtesy of Florida Atlantic University)

    2017: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host the final session of David Wolpe’s “Lessons on Lust and Love from the Bible.”

    2017: The Breman Museum is scheduled to host a “tour of the Fox Theatre and learn about founder William Fox, born Wilhelm Fuchs and his imprint on the entertainment business.”

    2017: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to lecture by Dr. Gideon Grief, the author of We Wept Without Tears on “Confronting Murder: The Jewish Sonderkommando of Auschwitz Birkenau.

    2017: The URJ Biennial is scheduled to continue for a second day in Boston.

    2017(19thof Kislev, 5778): CALENDER COINCIDENCE – December 7, 2017 the anniversary of the Attack on Pearl, coincides with the 19th of Kislev this year on the Jewish calendar which is the “Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism.”

    2017: “Morton Klein, the president of the Zionist Organization of America,” was among those who attended “a ‘Hanukkah Nightcap’ party” at the Trump International Hotel, which “was hosted by the Republican Jewish Coalition, the organization funded by the casino magnate and Republican superdonor Sheldon Adelson, and America First Action, a political action committee staffed by Trump allies.

    2017: The American Jewish Historical Society and the Center for Jewish History are scheduled to host a ‘book talk to launch…the new English translation of Ruby Namdar’s The Ruined House.

    2017: Senator Al Franken, a Minnesota Democrat “said late this morning in a speech on the Senate floor that he would resign “in the coming weeks” “following accusations of sexual misconduct by several women.”

    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as David Schoenbaum whose works included The United States and The State of Israel, continues today.

    2018(29thKislev, 5779): Fifth day of Chanukah

    2018:  Peter Yarrow of Peter, Paul and Mary fame is scheduled to perform at the Temple Emanu-El Streicker Center this evening.

    2018: Professor Avigdor Shinan is scheduled “to bring the weekly haftarah to light” at the Israel Museum.

    2018: “Dr. Rachel Tzarfati, the Senior Curator at the Jewish Art and Culture Wing of the Israel Museum is scheduled to lead a discussion of “Miketz.”

    2018: The Bloomfield Science Museum is scheduled to host another day of Games of Fire where “visitors will have a rare opportunity to meet with firefighters, to learn firsthand about firefighting and rescue operations and their importance, to see the equipment used by firefighters and, above all, to ask the firefighters all the questions they have always wanted to ask.”

    2018: The “25th Anniversary Re-release” of “Schindler’s List” is scheduled to take place today.



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    December 8

    1522:David Reubeni left Khaibar today “and went to Nubia in northern Sudan, where he claimed to be a descendant of Muhammad. When he spoke to audiences of Jews, he told of large Jewish kingdoms in the east, possibly referring to the Jewish community at Cochin. The Portuguese had just conquered Goa.”

    1596(Kislev, 5357): In Mexico, Luis de Carvajal el Mozo, his mother, and three sisters were burned at the stake together with five other Crypto-Jews who were all accused of Judaizing.

    1609: “Biblioteca Ambrosiana” opens its reading room, the second public library of Europe.  Located in Milan, this library has been cited as a valuable repository for documents about the Jews of Italy including the Ashkenazic Ambrosian Bible which contains a graphic depiction of Ezekiel’s heavenly chariot.

    1612(14thof Kislev, 5373): Printer Isaac Prostitz (Isaac ben R. Aaron passed way today.

    1783(13thof Kislev, 5544): Isaac Touro, the native of Amsterdam who served as “hazzan” for Jesuath Israel, the Sephardic synagogue in Newport, RI. Unlike most American Jews, Touro was a loyalist.  After the war he moved to Kingston where he passed away. For some his biggest claim to fame is that he was the father of Judah Touro.

    1784(25thof Kislev, 5545): Chanukah

    1813: Birthdate of August Belmont, the German born financier who “immigrated to New York City in 1837 after becoming the American representative of the Rothschild family's banking house in Frankfurt.”  Belmont carved a niche in American finance and became a leading member of the Democrat Party. Prominent socially, he gave his name to the famed New York racetrack, Belmont Park as well as the third leg of the Triple Crown, “The Belmont Stakes.”

    1816: Birthdate of Austro-Hungarian writer and political leader Adolf Fischhof.

    1822(24thof Kislev, 5583): In the evening, kindle the first Chanukah light

    1822(24thof Kislev, 5583): Fifty-five year old German author, published and bookseller Saul Ascher, passed away in Berlin.

    1829: Birthdate of “Abenheim, Germany” native Marcus M. Spiegel, the brother of “Joseph Spiegel, founder of the Spiegel Catalog, who reached the rank of Colonel of the 120th Ohio Volunteer infantry whom he commanded during the Battle of Vicksburg where he was wounded and in the Red River Campaign where he was mortally wounded in 1864.

    1832: In Bavaria, Solomon Houseman, “a merchant and manufacturer of silk and cotton goods” gave birth to Julius Houseman, the first Jew to settle permanently in Grand Rapids, Michigan where he enjoyed a successful business career for thirty years while pursuing a political career that included being elected Mayor and a Congressman from the 5th District of Michigan.

    1841(25thof Kislev, 5602): Chanukah

    1845: Irish political leader Daniel O’Connell, who supported full political rights for the Jews of the United Kingdom suggested a program to ameliorate the suffering caused by the Irish Potato Famin.

    1850: Seventy year old anti-Semite Georg Svedrup, the Norwegian political leader who “felt that it would be incompatible with Judaism to deal honestly with Christians, writing that ‘no person of the Jewish faith may come within Norway's borders, far less reside there’” passed away

    1851: An article published today entitled “Religious Freedom” reported that the U.S. Department of State has replied to a letter from Rabbi Lilienthal who is the spiritual leader for three congregations in New York concerning a proposed treaty with the Swiss Confederacy.  The State Department assured Dr. Lilienthal that the United States would ratify any treaty with the Swiss Confederacy that discriminated against citizens of the United States who were Jewish.

    1851: In New York City, Rabbi Raphall delivered a lecture tonight on the history of Hungary and the Hungarian people.  The talk would cover that nation’s whole history and would not be a recap of its recent efforts to gain its independence.

    1854: Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogma of Immaculate Conception which holds that the Virgin Mary was born free of original sin. This is the same Pope Pius IX who was responsible for the 1858 abduction of a six-year old Jewish child in what became known as the infamous Edgardo Mortara Affair.

    1856: Count Pawel Strzelecki sent a message from Istanbul to London that the Ottoman government “was not willing to provide the land for the construction of” a railroad between Jaffa and Jerusalem which would delay construction for years to come.

    1859(12thof Kislev, 5620): Eighty year old Markus Bär Friedenthal a German banker who devoted his “free time” to Jewish studies passed away today at Breslau.

    1859: Two days after he had passed away, Barnett Levy, the son of “Joseph Levy” and “Hannah Isaacs” was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

    1860: Birthdate of Edmund H. Hinshaw, the Congressman from Nebraska who in 1906 attended a mass meeting at Belasco’s Theatre in Washington, D.C which a protest against the atrocities begin committed against the Jews of Russia. (Editor’s note – no explanation for his attendance; certainly not courting the “Jewish vote” in his home district.)

    1862: Today Philadelphian, Milton Sultzbach began serving as a Quartermaster with the 167thRegiment.

    1865: In Versailles, “Amédée Hadamard, of Jewish descent, and Claire Marie Jeanne Picard, Hadamard” gave birth to Jacques-Salmon Hadamard developer of the Prime Number Theorem who was Jewish enough to have flee Vichy France.

    1869: In Rennes, France, Emile Worms and his wife gave birth to Rene Worms the academic who was a member of the “Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques of the Institut de France” and who “was a devoted adherent of Judaism.”

    1869: In New York, Rabbi Moses Mielziner and Rosette Mielziner gave birth to portrait artist Leo Mielziner.

    1871(25th of Kislev, 5632): First Day of Chanukah; light the second candle in the evening.

    1871(25th of Kislev, 5632): Seventy-three year old Jacob Ettlinger, the Orthodox Rabbi “referred to as the Aruch la-Ner” and who “headed the protest of the one hundred and seventy-three rabbis against the Brunswick Conference of 1844” passed away today.

    1871: On Friday evening, a Shabbat Chanukah party was held at Concordia Hall on Avenue A in New York City.

    1875: Several thousand people came to the Hebrew Fair at Gilmore’s Garden today.  The fair is a fundraiser for Mount Sinai Hospital and so far has been quite successful in reaching its goal.

    1876: Funeral services were held today for William Meyer, Aaron Dietz and his brother Abram Dietz at Temple Israel on Greene Avenue in Brooklyn. The three were among the victims of the Brooklyn Theatre Fire that claimed almost three hundred lives.  Following the service, the young men were buried at Cypress Hills Cemetery.

    1876: A deck hand named Dixon murdered a Jewish peddler named Bachman on board the Fair Play, a steamboat that was entering the mouth of the Old River as it traveled between Faisonia and Vicksburg, MS.  The packs belonging to the 45 year-old Bachman had been rifled two nights earlier and Bachman had accused Dixon of the theft.

    1878: It was reported today that New York City is home to 375 houses of worship, 25 of which are Jewish.

    1879: Birthdate of Hungarian native “Samuel Solomon Eisner” who came to the United States where he trained as a dentist at NYU and served on the “national committee of the American Jewish Dentists.”

    1880: According to “Nervous and Mental Pathology,” Dr. Edward Sptizka’s pamphlet that studies “the comparative pathology of insanity as illustrated by the different races in the New York City Asylum for the Insane” only 10.29% of the Jews suffer from paralytic insanity as compared to 13.29% for Anglo-Saxons. Jews, who “values intellectual culture…enjoys a comparative immunity from paralysis.”

    1881: It was reported today that discussion at Constantinople concerning plans for Jews to settle in Syria has brought forth a counter-proposal from the Spanish Ambassador.  He offered a plan that would allow Jews to settle on “Crown lands in Castille” and a promise that “any Jew who goes to Spain will be treated with the utmost liberality.”  (Considering the history of the Jews of Spain, this is peculiar entry to say the least)

    1882: The Hebrew Leader a theologically conservative New York weekly newspaper edited by Jonas Bondy published its last edition today. The paper which first appeared in May, 1850, was unique in offering a department dedicated to Masonic News.

    1884: Rabbi Gustav Gottheil officiated at the marriage of Belle Glazier, the daughter of Mr. S.W. Glazier to Jacob S. Bernheimer at the bride’s home on East 67thStreet in Manhattan.

    1884: Adolph Cohn wrote a letter from Harvard University at Cambridge, Massachusetts, challenging the contention of the New York Times that Ludvoic Halevy is the first Jew elected to the French Academy.  “Although of Jewish descent of his father’s side” (Leon Halevy and Uncle Fromental Halevy composer of La Juive) he is no more Jewish than his half –brother Lucien-Anatole Prévost-Paradol who was also the son of Leon Halevy.

    1885: Birthdate of Joseph Sprinzak who served as Chairman of the Knesset for the first ten years of its existence (1949-1959)

    1886: Birthdate of Philadelphian Reba Fleisher Block

    1886: The American Federation of Labor was founded at a convention of union leaders in Columbus, Ohio.  The driving force behind the AFL was Samuel Gompers who would serve as the group’s long time President.

    1887: Perl Cajesky and another woman to whom her husband is allegedly married are being held as witnesses at Ward’s Island in an alleged Jewish love triangle. 

    1888: It was reported today that Ernistine Nolfen wants to be paid five thousand dollars by Noach Soenfield because, after paying for her passage from Poland and proposing marriage, he has changed his mind and does not want her for a wife.

    1889: “In Russia’s Holiest City” published today, recounted the traditional myth of how the ancient ruler of Kiev chose Orthodox Christianity. He heard representatives from all four major faith groups before making his decision.  Judaism was rejected because their representatives “were forced to confess” that “that they had been…from their country and were outcasts and wanders on the face of the earth” because of their sins.

    1890: “Literary Notes” published today described plans to commemorate “the thousandth anniversary of Saadia” in 1892 by publishing a collection of his works under the direction of Professor Joseph Derenbourg of the French Academy which will included a biography of Sasdia by Dr. Abraham Eliyahu Harkavi of St. Petersburg, Russia.

    1890: The Directors of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of Brooklyn purchased property at Ralph and Howard Avenues for $32,000 which will be the future home of a facility that will replace the current building on Stuyvesant Avenue which is too small to meet the society’s needs.

    1890: It was reported today that the American Committee planning the millennial anniversary of the birth of Saadia Gaon include Cyrus Adler of Johns Hopkins, Richard J.H. Gottheil of Columbia, Morris Jastrow, Jr. of the University of Pennsylvania and Jacob Schiff who will serve as treasurer.

    1892: In the province of Kovno, Perez and Ida Tarshish gave birth to Jacob Tarshis, the graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College who served as the rabbi at “congregations in Columbus, OH, Allentown, PA and Miami, FL” while also gaining from his weekly broadcasts that earned him the title of “The Lamplighter” and who was the husband of Golda Tarshish with whom he had one son and two daughters.

    1891: Birthdate of Berlin native and refugee from Hitler’s Germany Albert Salomon who became a Professor of Sociology at the New School for Social Research.

     1892: The trial of Hermann Ahlwardt who is charged with slandering the Jews weapons manufacturer Ludwig Loewe was adjourned for the day when the anti-Semite’s doctor provided a certificate saying he was suffering from an attack of catarrh and could not appear in court.

    1892: The delegates at the convention of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations who have met with President Harrison were reported today to have decided to hold their next meeting in New Orleans, LA.

    1893: In Anniston, Alabama, Congregation Temple Beth El dedicated its sanctuary which is‘the oldest building in the state continuously and currently being used for Jewish worship.’

    1895: In New York, Temple Emanu-El was filled this morning “by those who went to hear an address on “The Debt Humanity Owes to Heinrich Heine,” by Assistant Rabbi Joseph Silverman.

    1895: “The Great Hebrew Fair” published today described plans for the upcoming city-wide fund raiser under the leadership of Isidor Straus, President and Vice Presidents James Hoffman and Joseph B. Bloomingdale.

    1895: It was reported today that “the upcoming “ball of the Young Ladies and Gentlemen’s League of the Montefiore Home promises to eclipse all former events of the kind given by this organization”

    1895: In New York, “an advertisement published today read ‘Wanted – Enlightened men who deprecate the attempt to raise race prejudice by Hermann Ahlwardt, to welcome the fanatic with ancient eggs”

    1895: “The anti-Semitic group in the Reichstag has laid upon the table of the chamber a proposal to forbid the free immigration of Jews and for the adoption of regulations under which their expulsion may be accomplished.”

    1897: Three days after he had passed away, “Zadoc Isaacs” the husband of Julia Garcia, with whom he had had nine children, was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery” in London.

    1898: Albert H. Vitenheimer who had been promoted to the rank of Sergeant in May was promoted to the rank of 2nd Lieutenant in the 3rdRegiment of the Connecticut Volunteer Infantry

    1899: Forty-six year old Vaiben Louis Solomon completed his service as the 2st Premier of South Australia,

    1900: Herzl met with Arminius Vámbéry in Budapest where discussed the Turkish loan.

    1900: Birthdate of Columbus, Ohio native Mose Hirsch Solomon, the New York Giants outfielder who was nicknamed the “Rabbi of Swat.”

    1900: Birthdate of Pittsburgh native J. Marshall Taxay, the graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College  who served as the Rabbi at Temple Israel in Bath, OH from 1945 to 1953 and  at Temple B’nai Israel in Pinellas Count from 1960 until his retirement in 1969.

    1900(16thof Kislev, 5661): Eighty-seven year old singer, composer and pianist Henry Russell who was a great-nephew of the British Chief Rabbi Solomon Hirschel and whose sons were “conductor Sir Landon Ronald Russell and impresario Henry Russell, passed away today.

    1901: Birthdate of Doris Caroline Abrahams who gained fame as Caryl Brahms “an English critic, novelist, and journalist” who specialized in the theatre and ballet and who also wrote film, radio and television scripts.”

    1901: Having come to New York City from Lockport, NY, David Goodman, the future president of Bergdorf-Goodman, opened his first store today, “a small one-story structure” on lower 5th Avenue.

    1900: Birthdate of Pittsburgh native J. Marshall Taxay, the graduate of the University of Cincinnati and Hebrew Union College  who served as the Rabbi at Temple Israel in Bath, OH from 1945 to 1953 and  at Temple B’nai Israel in Pinellas Count from 1960 until his retirement in 1969.

    1905: In London, this morning The Times published “a long letter signed by Lord Rothschild, Sir Samuel Montague, David L. Alexander, Leonard L. Cohen, Benjamin L. Cohen and Stuart M. Samuel in which a strong argument is present both against Zionism and also the scheme of the Jewish Territorial Organization.”

    1905: It was reported today according to sources in Bucharest, that “almost all of the factories and Jewish homes in Rostoff have been destroyed.”

    1905: The National Committee raising funds for the relief of the Jews being massacred in Russia is scheduled to meet today in the offices of Jacob H. Schiff where they will make plans for the next national fund raising appeal which will be made easier because the Western Union Telegraph Company is sending the telegrams containing the appeals at no charge.

    1905(10th of Kislev, 5666): Zadoc Kahn, the Alsatian born Chief Rabbi of France passed away. A noted scholar, he was active in Jewish communal affairs including leading the Alliance Israélite Universelle and serving as President of the Société des Études Juives, an organization that he had helped to found.

    1907: Three days after she had passed away, Sarah Solomon, the daughter of “Nathan Marcus Adler” and “Henrietta Worms” and the wife of “Henry Solomon” with whom she had had ten children, was buried today at the “Willesden Cemetery.”

    1910: “Salome” an opera based on Jewish author Hedwig Lachman’s German translation of the French play “Salomé” by Oscar Wilde was performed for the first time in London.

    1911: In New York, Kate (Neilecht) and Benjamin (Benzion) Jacob, a compositor for a foreign-language newspaper, gave birth to Leo Jacob who gained fame as actor Lee J. Cobb whose many screen triumphs included roles in ”On The Waterfront,” “Three Faces of Eve” and “The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit.”  He passed away in 1976.

    1911: Lionel Abrahams, C.B. of the India Office was “appointed as a member of the Committee on West African Currency by the Secretary of State for Colonies.

    1911: The Emperor appointed Hungarian scholar József Bánóczi to serve as “Ordinary Professor of Hungarian Literature and History at the University of Budapest.

    1911: Jews in Palestine organized the Red Magen David society with the purpose of sending doctors and nurses to Tripoli. Earlier in the week the Anglo-Palestine Company in Jaffa donated 1,000 Francs for a fund for injured Turkish soldiers in Tripoli.

    1912(28thof Kislev, 5673): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1912: Tenor Ralph Errolle is scheduled to be the feature soloist at tonight’s 8thSinai Orchestral Concert at Temple Sinai in Chicago.

    1912: The Chicago Home for Jewish Orphans is scheduled to host a Chanukah celebration this afternoon.

    1912: “Over 1,000 people gathered at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York to hear Boston writer Mary Antin” author of the recently published The Promised Land, “a memoir of her emigration from Russia to Boston's South End” “make a plea for more aid to support Jewish immigrant girls arriving alone in the United States.”  

    1912: Founding the Congregation Staff of Aaron Synagogue in Yonkers, NY.

    1912: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today at the Isaiah Temple in Chicago for sixty-two year old Simon Hartman, the husband of the former Emma Able and the father of Emanuel S., Edward A. and Louis H. Hartmen and Mrs. Edward Mayer.

    1912: In San Francisco, founding of a Chevra Kadisha

    1913: Birthdate of poet Delmore Schwartz. The prolific poet won the Bollingen Prize in 1960 and was the inspiration of the title figure in Saul Bellow’s Humboldt’s Gift.

    1913: In France,Louis-Lucien Klotz completed his service as Minister of the Interior.

    1914: Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step" premiered in New York.

    1914: In Bayonne, NJ, Benjamin and Mollie Pinkowitz gave birth to George Pinkowitz, the husband of “Cecelia Glick Pinowitz.”

    1915: Today, “the American Jewish Relief Committee, of which Louis Marshall is chairman…launched a campaign to raise another $1,000,000 for relief of Jewish war sufferers in Europe not only during the” World War “ but also in the lean days after peace” comes.

    1915: In an attempt to follow Jacob Schiff’s recommendation that Jewish immigrants coming to the United States after the World War should be settled outside of big cities, “it was decided to arrange a conference between representatives of the federation and organizations such as the B’nai B’rith and the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America” which will arrange a program designed to develop education in agriculture and general citizenship.

    1915: This evening, in Brooklyn, meetings were held at Congregation Beth Jacob and at the Willoughby Avenue Synagogue to make plans for a “Tag Day” to raise money for the Jewish Volunteer Relief Fund “which is aiding war victims in Europe.”

    1915: In New York Gertrude and Paul E. Lehman gave birth to American screenwriter Ernest Lehman whose credits include the scripts for “The King and I,” “North by Northwest,” “The Sound of Music,” and “Whose Afraid of Virginia Wolf?”  He passed away in 2005. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    1916: In Brooklyn Essie (née Goldstein) and animator/producer Max Fleischer gave birth to director Richard Fleisher whose films include the Oscar winning documentary “Design for Death” as well as the “Boston Strangler” and “Tora! Tora!”

    1917(23rdof Kislev, 5678): Parshat Vayeshev

    1917: Despite the fact that today is Shabbat, “the captains and the workers” raising funds for Jewish War Relief and to aid the soldiers and sailors in the military is scheduled to meet this afternoon including Team 22 led by Mortimer L. Schiff which has raised the most money and Team 4 headed by William Goldman which is in second place.

    1917: British troops began to bombard Turkish positions west of Jerusalem marking the start of the final assault to seize the City of David from the Ottomans.

    1917: The American Jewish Relief Committee (for sufferers from the war) was listed today as one of the organizations that had submitted “satisfactory audited financial statements” to the Bureau of Advice and Information of the Charity Organization Society.

    1917: In the evening, the Ottoman Seventh Army retreated leaving Jerusalem open to the advancing British and Imperial forces.

    1917: Contributions to the $5,000,000 fund for the Jewish war relief and welfare work in the army and navy reached a total of $2,400,000 today. The largest individual contributions received today were $15,000 from Mr. and Mrs. S.R.. Travis, $10,000 from the Altman Foundation and $5,000 from Michael Friedsam, President of B. Altman & Co.

    1918: The Philadelphia Inquirer reported today that Rabbi R. L. Levental, a national leader among Orthodox Jews, Rabbi Riff of the Sons of Israel Synagogue in Camden, NJ, Philadelphia attorney Max Hertzberg and William Leaf were among the speakers who addressed mass meeting that marking the opening of fund drive for the Federation of Jewish Charities in Camden.

    1918: Felix M. Warburg, Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee of the American Funds for Jewish War Sufferers, announced that organization's decision to hold its New York City campaign designed to raise $5,000,000 to aid Jewish war sufferers during the week starting on December 8 and ending on December 15.

    1919: Yitak Jacov Liss who had been 16 years old when he enlisted completed his service as a member of the British Jewish Legion 38th Battalion Royal Fusiliers. (The diary he kept provided an eyewitness account of the service of the Jewish soldiers serving in Palestine during World War I)

    1919: Birthdate of Mieczysław Weinberg, a native of Warsaw who lost most of his family in the Holocaust and who became a major Soviet composer after he moved there in 1939.

    1919: Birthdate of Sidney H. Radner an amateur magician who became the unlikely steward of a trove of Harry Houdini artifacts, which he built into one of the world’s largest Houdini collections.

    1922: In Berlin, Lucie Brasch and Ernst L. Freud gave birth to Lucian Freud, the German-born British realist painter who was the grandson of Sigmund Freud. (As reported by William Grimes)

    1922: Birthdate of historian and self-styled left-wing activist Howard Zinn. Zinn wrote A People’s History of United States.

    1925: Birthdate of the multi-talented entertainer Sammy Davis Jr.

    1925: Today marked the start of the culmination of the Hadassah drive to raise $15,000 “to provide luncheons for the school children in Palestine.

    1926: In Berlin, “Johannes Fest, a conservative Roman Catholic and staunch anti-Nazi schoolteacher who was dismissed from his post when the Nazis came to power in 1933” and his wife gave birth to Joachim Fest the German authorbest known for his writings and public commentary on Nazi Germany, including an important biography of Adolf Hitler and books about Albert Speer and the German Resistance to Nazism.”

    1926(3rdof Tevet, 5687): Ninety year old Hannah Conquy Abecassis, the daughter of Fortunato (Messod) Abecassis and Júlia Conquy Abecassis, the wife of Abraham Abecassis and the mother of Júlia Abecassis passed away today in the Lisbon.

    1926(3rdof Tevet, 5687): Fifty-four year old Julius Ephraim Mastbaum, the son of “Fannie (née Ephraim) and Levi Mastbaum”, whose Stanley Company of American “became the largest movie theatre chain in the world in 1926” and who was the husband of “Etta Wedell Mastbaum, the daughter of Rachel P. Lit who founded the original store that became Lit Brothers” and the brother-in-law of two sons of “Adam Gimbel, the founder of Gimbels department store” passed away today.

    1927: “The Transformation of Dr. Bessel” silent film directed and produced by Richard Oswald and featuring Otto Wallburg was released in Germany today.

    1928(25thof Kislev, 5689): Chanukah and Parashat Vayeshev

    1928: Today marked the start of the culmination of the Hadassah drive to raise $15,000 “to provide luncheons for the school children in Palestine.

    1930: The Cleveland Rosenblums, a professional basketball team organized and owned by “Clelveland department store owner Max Rosenblum dropped out of the American Basketball League today.

    1930: Birthdate of Shepsel Ber Nudelman, the Bronx native who gained fame as Dr. Sherwin B. Nuland.

    1931: Birthdate of Robert Arum, the native of Brooklyn’s Crown Heights and graduate of Harvard Law who founded the professional boxing promotion company known as Top Rank.

    1932: Political activist and social reformer Belle Moskowitz broke several bones when she fell down the steps in front of her home in New York today.  This accident would lead to a fatal embolism which would bring about her premature death in January of 1933 at the age of 55.

    1933: “High and Low” a French drama filmed by cinematographer Eugen Schüfftan was released today.

    1933: “Girl Without a Room” a comedy featuring Mischa Auer as “Walsky” was released today in the United States.

    1933:In “John Barrymore in a Pictorial Conception of Elmer Rice's Play 'Counsellor-at-Law'” published today Mordaunt Hall provides a description of the successful efforts to move this drama from Broadway to Hollywood.

    1934: “Babbitt” a cinematic version of the novel of the same name produced by Samuel Bishcoff was released in the United States today.

    1936: “The German press, led by Chancellor Adolf Hitler’s own Voelkischer Beoabachter, has started a violent campaign technically directed ‘against world Jewry and against bolshevism,’ but obviously designed to exert pressure on the judges at Chur, Switzerland” who are getting to preside at the “trial of David Frankfurter who is charged with killing Swiss Nazi leader Wilhelm Gustloff at Davos last February.

    1936: “Hundreds of Nazis” including “many members of the German Legation at Berne” “and anti-Nazis thronged” into Chur, Switzerland tonight “on the eve of the trial for murder of David Frankfurter, the “27 year old Jewish medical student” charged with killing Wilhelm Gustloff whose status as a Nazi icon was cemented when Adolf Hitler delivered the funeral oration at his formal.

    1936: Today, “Eliahu Epstein continued his testimony before the British inquiry commission regarding illicit Arab immigration stressing that this caused an economic grievance because unskilled Arab immigrants worked for 35 to 50 cents” but “spent only 15 cents daily and accused the government and government contractors of “encouraging this influx” because they employed these illegal immigrants.

    1936(24thof Kislev, 5697): Thirty-eight year old David Freedman – “The King of the Gagwriters” passed away today.

    1936: As tensions grew over regulations designed to force Jewish businesses to stay open on Saturday and close on Sunday in Tripoli, “two Jews were flogged in the market place in the presence of a large crowd” while “a third who had been condemned to a similar punishment” was sent to prison for three months since his doctor said his physical condition left him “unequal to a flogging.”

    1937: Falastin, an Arabic newspaper which had gained fame as the leading sports journal in Ottoman Palestine, is scheduled to print a report tomorrow describing “a compromised that has been reached between Jewish leaders, led by Chaim Weizmann, and Arab leaders led by Nuri Pasha as-Said, the former premiere of Iraq that will put an end to the current wave of violence.

    1938: A campaign to raise funds for the immediate relief for Jews who have suffered from the anti-Semitic measures in Germany was launched today by the Christian Committee for the Relief of Jewish Refugees chaired by New York State Attorney General John J. Bennett, Jr.

    1939: Six Jews and 25 non-Jewish Poles, accused of committing acts of sabotage, are shot in Occupied Warsaw.

    1940: Jewish immigrants who had entered Eretz Israel illegally aboard the Atlantic were told that those aboard the Patria would stay in the country but they would be deported.

    1941: The Nazis brought 700 Jews to Chelmo for final experiment of the new method of killing. In groups of 80, the Jews were driven around the woods in a special van, gassed to death by the fumes of the exhaust. A thousand Jews a day for the next four days go through the same test.  While this was seen as in improvement over the other forms of murder used by the Nazis, it was not efficient enough.  These mobile vans would give way to the gas chambers. 

    1941: Four thousand Jews of Novogrudok, Belorussia, are killed.

    1941(18th of Kislev, 5702): As the Riga Ghetto was being liquidated 81 year old Jewish historian Simon Dubnow was murdered in Riga because he was too old and sick to travel to Rumbula where he would have been massacred with other Jews. There is no way this blog can do justice to this Jewish Intellectual Giant.  The tragedy is that a mind like this lost its life in the mud of Nazi murder spree. Even as he faced death he expressed his faith in the value of history when he told the Jews of Riga, "Yidn, shreibt un fershreibt"("Jews, write and record"). 

    1941(18th of Kislev, 5702): Second day of the Rumbula Massacre during which 25,000 Jews were murdered

    1941: The Imperial Japanese Army took control of the rest of Shanghai, including the British and American controlled sections of the city which meant that “monetary aid and all communications from American Jews to the Jews of Shanghai ceased due to the Anglo-American Trading with the Enemy Act and that Baghdadi Jews living in Shanghai, many of whom were British subjects, were interned as enemy nationals.”

    1941(18thof Kislev, 5702): Rabbi Moses Parzen passed away today in New York City.

    1941: FDR called for a declaration of war against Japan on the same day Germany was entering into the most horrific stage of the Final Solution.

    1941: The Screen Writers Guild responded to yesterday’s attack on Pearl Harbor by forming the Hollywood Writers Mobilization Against the War, a body to organize writers for the war effort chaired by Robert Rossen.

    1941: Williams College undergraduate Bruce Sundlun who would become the second Jewish Governor of Rhode Island volunteer to serve in the U.S. Army Air Forces Aviation Cadet Program.

    1941: Robert “Rosie” Rosenthal enlisted in the United States.  His request for combat training led to him becoming a much decorated B-17 pilot who flew more than twice the required missions over German.

    1941: Today, Freiberg, Germany native Frederick Mayer, the son of a German Army veteran and recipient of the Iron Cross, who came to the United States at the age of 16 enlisted in the Army where he eventually he would be dropped behind enemy lines as part of operation Greenup in 1945.

    1942(29th of Kislev, 5703) Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1942(29th of Kislev, 5703): Albert Kahn, the Prussian born son of German Rabbi who became America’s leading industrial architect passed away today.

    1942(29th of Kislev, 5703): Sixty-five year old Anna Mehrbach, the wife of Albert I. Mehrbach and the mother of Elliot and Albert M. Mehrbach passed away today.

    1942: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, president of the World Jewish Congress, met with other Jewish leaders and U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt to discuss the recently revealed plight of European Jews. “In the Abandonment of the Jews author David S. Wyman points out that this gathering the Oval Office was ‘the only one concerning the Holocaust that FDR ever granted to a group of Jewish leaders’ Estimates of two million Jewish dead were given to him.  Roosevelt responded by saying that official U.S. sources …’have given us proof that confirms the horrors discussed by you.’” Based on this meeting, FDR knew but did nothing except allow his previous made comments about ‘doing all in our power to be of service to your people in this tragic moment.’”

    1942: The German SS organized the last deportation of Ternopil Jews to death camp in Belzec, when 1,400 Jews were sent there. The chief of the Gestapo, SS-Sturmbannführer Hermann Müller, bore overall responsibility for the mass murder of the Jews of Ternopil and Berezhany which were located in the western Ukraine.

    1944: “Guest in the House” a film noir which Lewis Milestone began directing but could not finished due to appendicitis was released in the United States.

    1945: Birthdate of Russian volleyball player Valdimir Patkin, who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1972 Summer Olympics and 1976 Summer Olympics” before becoming “the Secretary General of the Russian Volleyball Federation.”

    1946: In Los Angeles, California, Aniela Młynarska who was Roman Catholic and Polish-born Jewish concert pianist Arthur Rubinstein gave birth to actor and composer of John Rubinstein.

    1946: Dan Keinan photographed “a typical ship carrying illegal immigrants to Mandatory Palestine.”


    1947(25th of Kislev, 5708): First Day of Chanukah; in the evening, kindle the second light.

    1947: Birthdate of Chava Albersteinan Israeli singer, lyricist, composer, musical arranger and an actress who is one of the most important Israeli singers, with a career spanning more than forty years.  In 2007, she released her latest work “Shvil HeChalav” or “Milky Way.”

    1947: As the Arabs tighten the noose around the Jewish community in Jerusalem, trucks arrived carrying 60,000 eggs. 

    1947(25th of Kislev, 5708): Tragedy struck when Yehoshua GLoberman, a senior Haganah official was gunned down when his car was stopped at Latrun.  This is the same Latrun that was the fortress held by the Jordanian Arab Legion cutting off the city of David from Tel Aviv.

    1947: Egypt and Lebanon asked to be heard during the UN debates.

    1947: The UN rejects the request by the Jewish Agency to address the Security Council since the organization did not want to set a precedent that allowed an entity other than a country to participate in UN debates.

    1948: During the War for Independence, Uri Avnery, age 25, who would describe his view of the war sixty years later in 1948: A Soldier's Tale, the Bloody Road to Jerusalem is wounded while serving as a private soldier

    1948: Jordan annexes “Arabic Palestine.”  The Kingdom of Trans-Jordan (Across the Jordan) will drop the “Trans” prefix in recognition of its holdings on both sides of the Jordan River.  Obviously, there was no thought to creating a state of Palestine on the part of the Arabs since the only thing that changed this illegal land holding was the war in 1967.

    1948:Britain demands that the Security Council’s Negev subcommittee implement sanctions against Israel because Israel continues to surround an Egyptian force in the Negev.  The British did not seem to be bothered by the fact that the Egyptian force was part of an act of aggression taken to contravene a resolution of the United Nations.

    1948: At Kibbutz Ein HaHoresh, Ya'akov Morris, an Israeli diplomat, historian, and poet and Sadie Morris, a journalist gave birth to historian Benny Morris.

    1948: Isaac Don Levine “provided testimony to the House Un-American Activities Committee today” during which, according to Karl Mundt, the Republican from South Dakota, Levine named Laurence Duggan as being communist spy.

    1948: At kibbutz Ein HaHoresh, Israeli diplomat, historian, and poet Ya’akov Morris and journalist Sadie Morris, Jewish immigrants from Great Britain gave birth to historian Benny Morris.

    1948:King Abdullah denounces Arab League-sponsored Palestine Army regime in Gaza.

    1948:Egypt announces dissolution of Moslem Brotherhood, a fanatical national religious organization. [I guess they didn’t do such a good job since the Brotherhood came out on top in the elections of 2011.]

    1949: Birthdate of Raymond “Ray” Shulman, “a British musician and the youngest of three brothers that were in the innovative British progressive rock band, Gentle Giant.”

    1949:In Philadelphia, “Irving Meyers, an executive at a voting machines manufacturer, and Patricia Meyers (née Lemisch), an interior designer who also worked as a volunteer with the Head Start Program and the Home for the Blind” gave birth to Nancy Jane Meyers “an American film director, producer and screenwriter” who “is the writer, producer and director of several big-screen successes, including The Parent Trap (1998), Something's Gotta Give (2003), The Holiday (2006), and It's Complicated (2009). Her second solo venture, What Women Want (2000), was at one point the most successful film ever directed by a woman, taking in $183 million in the United States.

    1949: Burma recognizes the state of Israel.

    1949: “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes” a Jule Styne musical with a book by Joseph Fields opened on Broadway today at the Ziegfeld Theatre.

    1949: Red Buttons (Aaron Chwatt) married Helayne McNorton

    1949: In a ground-breaking precedent, the United Nations established UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees with a budget of $54,900,000.  Thus the UN played a key role in creating Palestine Refugee Problem.  No comparable UN organization was established when Jews were forced to flee from a variety of Moslem and/or Arab nations.

    1949: U.S. premiere of “On the Town” a cinematic adaptation of the Leonard Bernstein Broadway musical of the same named with a screenplay by Adolph Green and Betty Comden, co-directed by Stanley Donen, co-produced by Arthur Freed co-starring Jules Munshin as “Ossie” and featuring Hans Conried as ”Francois, the head waiter.”

    1950: In Nevada, Gus Greenbaum “lobbied the Clark County Commission to create the unincoported township of Paradise” today

    1952: Yitzchak ben Zvi was elected the second President of Israel succeeding Chaim Weitzman, who had died in office.

    1953: Birthdate of Dr. Norman Finkelstein.

    1955: “The Ladykillers” produced by Michael Balcon, filmed by cinematographer Otto Heller and starring Peter Sellers who was, on his mother’s side, a descendant of prizefighter Daniel Mendoza, was released in the United Kingdom today.

    1956:The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, which were boycotted by Egypt, Iraq and Lebanon “in response to the Suez Crisis” that had been precipitated by the Egyptian nationalization of the Suez Canal, came to a close today.

    1958: “Everybody’s Broker” published today described the powerful role played by 67 year old Sidney J. Weinberg the partner at Goldman, Sachs & Co who is modern day version of Bernard Baruch.

    1959: NBC broadcast “My Three Angels” the tenth episode in the Startime series for which Music Corporation of America under the leadership of Lew Wasserman got performers who did not usually do television to perform on the small screen.

    1960: U.S. premiere of “The Sundowners” directed by Fred Zinnemann, with a score by Dimitri Tiomkin.

    1960: A special television version of “Peter Pan” with music by Jule Styne, Mark Chartap and Trude Rittman and lyrics by Betty Comden, Adolph Green and Carolyn Leigh was broadcast today.

    1962(11th of Kislev, 5723): Parashat Vayetzei

    1962: Birthdate of Martin Adam “Marty” Friedman, “the lead guitarist for the heavy metal band Megadeath.”

    1962(11th of Kislev, 5723): Fifty-six year old “Romanian-born French producer” Émile Natan,” the brother of Bernard Natan, the head of Pathé-Natan” passed away today in Paris.

    1963: “The Girl Who Came to Dinner” a musical with a book by Harry Kurnitz and “directed and choreographed by Joe Layton” opened on Broadway today at The Broadway Theatre.

    1963: Funeral services are scheduled to be held this afternoon for Senator and Governor Herbert Lehman at Temple Emanu-El in New York

    1965: Abe Burrows'"Cactus Flower" premiered in New York. (Would there be theatre in America without the Jews?)

    1966(25th of Kislev, 5727): Chanukah

    1966: Birthdate of Georgian born Israeli director and screenwriter Dover Koshasili.

    1967: In Queens, NY, Peter Madoff, the brother of Bernie Madoff, and his wife gave birth to attorney Shana Diane Madoff who became Shana Madoff Skoller Swanson when she married Eric Swanson whom she had met while he was investigating her uncle and who had played no part in what maybe the biggest Ponzi scheme ever pulled off in the United States.

    1968(16th of Kislev, 5729): Parashat Vayishlach

    1968(16th of Kislev, 5729): Sixty year old Ft. Worth Texas native Philip Jacob “Phil’ Handler the TCU guard who went on to a professional career with the Chicago Cardinals and the Chicago Bears passed away today.

    1969: NBC broadcast the 13th episode of “My World and Welcome to It” a droll sitcom created by Melville Shavelson.

    1969: Three days after having been cited for contempt of court and sent to the Mateo Jail, Dr. Joseph Lifschutz who had “refused a court or testify about one of his patients” in a landmark case involving the issue of “Dr. – Patient Confidentiality” was “released pending resolution of the case.”

    1972(3rd of Tevet, 5733): 8th Day of Chanukah

    1972: Mahmoud Hamshari, the PLO representative in France, believed to be the leader of Black September in France was mortally wounded today in Paris.

    1973: After 296 performances, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “Seesaw” a musical with lyrics by Dorothy Field and music by Cy Coleman

    1974: Anti-Zionist trials begin in Moscow today.

    1976: “Deputy Minister of Culture Popov warned organizers of the symposium on Jewish culture” of “the unacceptability of the” event.

    1976: U.S. premiere of “A Star is Born” starring Barbra Streisand who also co-produced the film.

    1976(16th of Kislev, 5737): Ninety-five year old Rabbi Julian Morgenstern passed away today in Macon, GA.

    1977: Sir Zelman Cowen was sworn in as Governor-General of Australia.

    1977:Rosalyn Yalow became the first American-born and American-trained woman to receive a Nobel Prize in science when she accepted the Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her work in the development of radioimmunoassay, a technique that allows scientists to measure minute amounts of hormones and other substances in human blood.(As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archives)

    1978(8th of Kislev, 5739): Eighty-year old Golda Meir, passed away.  A Russian immigrant to the United States, this former Milwaukee school teacher would make aliyah in the 1920’s. She would become one of the most influential leaders of the Zionist movement whose career included raising the funds that made it possible for Israel to purchase arms at the time of its creation, clandestine negotiations with the King of Jordan designed to avert war in 1948 to serving as Israel’s Foreign Minister and Prime Minister.  One of her most memorable quotes came when Sadat made his visit to Jerusalem.  In this one statement she showed a depth of understanding rare in world leaders.  “Long after we have forgiven you for killing our children, we will still be trying to forgive you for turning our children into killers.”  As a socialist and an idealist she believed in and sought peace.  As a pragmatist, she understood the necessity of self-defense even if it meant war. 

    1978:Force 10 from Navarone,” the movie version of the novel by the same name with a story created by Carl Foreman was released today in the United States.

    1979(18th of Kislev, 5740): Parashat Vayishlach

    1979(18th of Kislev, 5740): Sixty-nine year old “Joseph Wohl, founder and president of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America’s Universal Brotherhood Movement” passed away today.

    1979: Aaron Jean-Marie Lustiger, the Parisian born Jew who converted to Catholicism in 1940 at the age of 13 “received episcopal consecration …from Cardinal François Marty”

    1980: While on assignment for Rolling Stone, Annie Leibovitz took the last photos of John Lennon who was shot and killed five hours after she finished.

    1980: Today “during a Monday Night Football game between the Miami Dolphins and the New England Patriots, Howard Cosell shocked the television audience by interrupting his regular commentary duties to deliver a news bulletin of the murder of John Lennon in the midst of a live broadcast

    1981: Birthdate of Dov Yosef Tiefenbach, the native of Toronto whose first big acting break came in 1994 “playing the role of 'Josh Avery' in the television series RoboCop”

    1982(22nd of Kislev, 5743): Sixty-three year old General Haim Laskov, former Chief of Staff of the IDF, passed away.

    1982: “The Verdict” the movie version of the play by the same name directed by Sidney Lumet who also wrote the screenplay and starring Paul Newman was released in the United States today.

    1983(2ndof Tevet, 5744): 8th Day of Chanukah

    1984: “Biloxi Blues, a semi-autobiographical play by Neil Simon premiered at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles.”

    1984(14th of Kislev, 5745): Eighty-four year Luther Adler, a stage and screen actor who starred in ''Fiddler on the Roof'' on Broadway, died today at his home in Kutztown, Pa., after a long illness (As reported by Wolfgang Saxon)

    1985(25th of Kislev, 5746): Chanukah

    1985:The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941-1945 by David S. Wyman and The Periodic Table by Primo Levi; translated by Raymond Rosenthal are among the twelve books chosen by the New York Times Book Review as the best books published in the country during the preceding year

    1986: The second and final segment of “Anastasia” produced and directed by Marvin J. Chomsky, written by James Goldman and with music by Laurence Rosenthal was broadcast today.

    1987: Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied territories began an intifada, or uprising.

    1987: Sir Joshua Abraham Hassan completed his second term as Chief Minister of Gibraltar.

    1988:The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, a comedic adventure film featuring music by Michael Kamen was released today in the West Germany.

    1988: “Yasir Arafat said today that the Palestine Liberation Organization accepted the existence of the state of Israel. His statement, which he presented as a milestone, was immediately dismissed in Israel and greeted coldly by the United States.

    1990(21st of Kislev, 5751): Director and playwright Martin Ritt passed away.

    1991: “Nick & Nora” a musical written by Arthur Laurents with music by Charles Strouse based on character from The Thin Man opened on Broadway.

    1992(13th of Kislev, 5753):  Journalist William Shawn passed away. Born William Chon in 1907, the Chicago native was the editor of the New Yorker Magazine from 1952 to 1987.

    1993: Upon being named today as budget director by New York’s incoming Mayor, Abraham Lackman said “he hoped to bring some new approaches to budget balancing…so the city can avoid tax increases.”

    1994(5th of Tevet, 5755):  Israel Aaron Maisels, popularly known as “Isie” Maisels, passed away at the age of 89. He was fondly remembered as a leading member of the bar and a respected leader of the Jewish Community in South Africa.

    1994: Secretary of State Warren Christopher met with Yasser Arafat to express the Clinton Administration’s displeasure with the failure of the Palestinian Authority to provide the level of security that will make possible the transfer of territory to PA control.

    1996: “Ragtime” a musical based on E.L. Doctorow’s novel of the same name “had its world premiere in Toronto, where it opened at the Ford Centre for the Performing Arts (later renamed the Toronto Centre for the Arts) today, the brainchild of Canadian impresario Garth Drabinsky and his Livent Inc., the Toronto-production company he headed

    1996:  Michael and Susan Dell attend the groundbreaking for the Dell Jewish Community Campus.

    1996: In “Symbol on a Hill” Serge Schmemann reviews a series of recent books about Jerusalem including “City of Stone:The Hidden History of Jerusalem” by Meron Benvenisti, “Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths” by Karen Armstrong, “ City of the Great King: Jerusalem From David to the Present” edited by Nitza Rosovsky, “Jerusalem In 3000 Years” by Nachum Tim Gidal and “Jerusalem in the Twentieth Century” by Martin Gilbert

    1997(9thof Kislev, 5758): Eighty-nine year old Sarah Abrams passed away today in Pittsburgh, PA.

    1997(9th of Kislev, 5758): Eighty-seven year old Leon Poliakov, a historian of anti-Semitism who testified at major war crimes trials, died today in France.

    1997: A Broadway revival of Neil Simon’s “Sunshine Boys” starring Jack Klugman as Willie Clark and Tony Randall as Al Lewis opened at the Lyceum Theatre.

    2000(11thof Kislev, 5761): Seventy-six year old documentary filmmaker Lionel Rogosin, the son of textile mogul and philanthropist Israel Rogosin and the grandson of Samuel Eliezer Rogosin who had come to the United States to raise funds for a Yeshiva in Eastern Europe passed away today.

    2000: “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon” a film nominated for 10 Oscars with a script co-authored by James Schamus was released today in the United States.

    2001: “Black Hawk Down” a cinematic version of the book by the same name produced by Jerry Bruckheimer with music by Hans Zimmer was first shown in the United States today.

    2002: The New York Timeslist of the Best Books of 2002 contains the following works about Jewish related subjects or by Jewish authors including White Christmas': Irving Berlin's Dream by Barry Gwen.

    2002: Final performance of Jewish playwright Clifford Odets’ masterpiece Awake and Sing at the Timleline Theatre in Chicago, Ill. The play is as robust, emotional and gritty as the Great Depression itself. As Odets describes it, each of the characters shares a fundamental activity: a struggle for life amidst petty conditions. Crowded together in a cramped Bronx tenement and laid low by the Great Depression, this moving portrait of a Jewish family is both funny and heartbreaking as they cope with survival and cling to dreams of a brighter future.

    2003: A special two day lighting tribute began marking the 110th anniversary of the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW) with illumination of the Empire State Building with the organization's colors of blue and green. The illumination marked the founding of the Council at the Jewish Women's Congress held at the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. The New York section of NCJW took a strong role in its early years sending volunteers to Ellis Island to look after the welfare of single Jewish women who arrived alone in the New World. Today with 90,000 members, NCJW continues to advance Jewish values by working for social change, acting nationally to improve the quality of life for women, children, and families and to advance individual rights and freedoms. (As reported by the Jewish Women’s Archives)

    2004(25th of Kislev, 5765): First Day of Chanukah; kindle the second light in the evening.

    2004(25th of Kislev, 5765): David Brudnoy, Boston radio talk show host, passed away. Born in Minnesota, Brudony was living proof that one could be a popular radio personality, discussing controversial subjects while maintaining a basic level of civility.

    2004: U.S. premiere of “Blade: Trinity” directed and written by David S. Goyer based on a character created by Marv Wolfman.

    2005: Delegates to an international conference have accepted a new Red Cross emblem, paving the way for Israel to join the humanitarian movement after nearly six decades of exclusion, officials said today. The 192 signatories of the Geneva Conventions approved the new "red crystal" emblem. A number of Muslim countries again tried to block Israel's path into the Red Cross movement by voting against the proposal after three days of negotiations in Geneva. "The most important thing is the result," said Noam Yifrach, head of the Magen David Adom, after receiving a congratulatory call from Bonnie McElveen-Hunter, chairman of the board of governors of the American Red Cross.

    2005: Avi Saig a member of the IDF who died when his APC rolled over during a training exercise was laid to rest in Holon’s Military Cemetery.

    2005(7th of Kislev, 5766): Sixty-nine year old Kalman Ruttenstein,”the fashion director for Bloomingdale’s” passed away today. (As reported by Eric Wilson)

    2005: Rick Moranis’ ‘The Agoraphobic Cowboy was announced as a nominee for the 2006 Grammy for Best Comedy Album.’

    2005: Israeli mathematician Robert Auman shared the Nobel Prize in Economics with Thomas Schelling.  Auman was recognized for his research into game theory.

    2005: “Leonard Woolf’s Quiet Complexity” published today provides a review Victoria Glenddinning’s biography of the man some know only as the Jewish husband of Virginia Woolf.

    2006: “The Holiday,” a “romantic comedy written, produced and directed by Nancy Meyers” and starring Jack Black and Eli Wallach and with music by Hans Zimmer was released today In the United States and the United Kingdom

    2006: On her 39th birthdate, Shana Madoff became engaged to Eric Swanson whom she might while he was investigating her Uncle Bernie’s financial activities.

    2006: Macmillan Reference USA and Israel’s Keter Publishing unveil the new edition of the Encyclopedia Judaica with 22 volumes containing more than 21,000 entries about Jewish life.

    2007(28th of Kislev, 5768): Amy Elizabeth Rosenblatt Solomon, the wife of Dr. Harrison Solomon, mother of Jessica, Sammy and James, and daughter of Ginny and Roger Rosenblatt passed away.

    2007: In Jerusalem, a screening of “Children of the Sun” a documentary about the first generation of sabras born on kibbutzim to the parents of parents who immigrated to Eretz Israel with the hope of creating a new society.

    2007: In the Chicago Tribunea Jewish literary double-header:  E.L. Doctorow reviews a memoir by Studs Terkel entitled Touch and Go.

    2008: Amy Goodman was named as a recipient of the 2008 Right Livelihood Award, often referred to as the "Alternative Nobel Prize"— the first journalist to be so honored. The Right Livelihood Award Foundation cited her work in "developing an innovative model of truly independent grassroots political journalism that brings to millions of people the alternative voices that are often excluded by the mainstream media."

    2008:Prof. Aliza Lavie of Bar-Ilan University discusses her compilation of traditional prayers for women, A Jewish Woman's Prayer Book at the Ivry Lounge in the Schottenstein Cultural Center in New York City.

    2008: At the 92nd Street Y Congresswoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL) and Hillel president Wayne Firestone discuss the complications facing Jewish life on campus today, from anti-Israel activity and Holocaust denial to outright anti-Semitism in a presentation moderated by Thane Rosenbaum, professor of law at Columbia University.

    2008: Today “Web series release” of “Children’s Hospital co-developed by David Wain and co-starring Henry Winkler.

    2008: “Rabbi Professor Daniel Hershkovitz, a mathematician from the Technion, was chosen to head” the newly formed Jewish Home Party.

    2008: Time magazine includes reviews of “Defiance, “a film based on Defiance: The Bielski Partisans which chronicles the exploits of the largest of all Jewish partisans fighting against the Nazis and Milk,“a biopic” that chronicles the exploits of Harvey Milk as he “organized gay society…into a politcally effective community as well as a laudatory obtiurary of Irving Brecher which like so many articles about the famed comedy writer, fails to mention the fact that he is Jewish and was part of a whole generation of Jewish comedy writers who fueled the funnybones of America during the 20th century.

    2009: A public memorial service is held in honor of Abe Pollin at the Verizon Center in Washington, D.C.

    2009: The 20th Washington Jewish Film Festival presents a screening of “In Search of the Bene Israel” which documents “the filmmaker travels to India to reconnect with her grandmother's Bene Israel community” and “From Swastika to Jim Crow,”a film that includes “the lost stories of the ‘refugee scholars,’ Jewish academics who fled Nazism to the United States and found employment at historically Black colleges.”

    2009: The 24th Annual New York Israeli Film Festival includes a screening of “Israeli Cinema, Part 2.”

    2009(21st of Kislev, 5770):Yosef Haim Yerushalmi, a groundbreaking and wide-ranging scholar of Jewish history whose meditation on the tension between collective memory of a people and the more prosaic factual record of the past influenced a generation of thinkers, passed away today at the age of 77. (As reported by Joseph Berger)

    2009:Mr. Matthew Gould MBE has been appointed Her Majesty's Ambassador to the State of Israel in succession to Mr. Tom Phillips CMG.  He is the first Jewish person to hold this post

    2010: “Celebrating the First Lights of Women Rabbis” by Elizabeth Imber published today.

    2010: Yael Perlov is scheduled to present a program entitled David Perlov: Pioneer of Israeli Cinema at the 21st Washington Jewish Film Festival. The scheduled presentation will include the U.S. premier of “In Jerusalem” and “Diary: Chapter 1 (1973-1977)”

    2010: Keshet Eilon students and teachers are scheduled to perform works by Schumann on WQXR’s Young Artists Showcase at 9 pm in New York City.

    2010(1st of Tevet, 5771): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    2010: Funeral services were held today for Rose Becker, of blessed memory, in Cedar Rapids, IA.

    2010: Four to five mortar shells were fired from the Gaza Strip into the Eshkol regional council tonight night hitting an area resident who “suffered light wounds to his upper body.”

    2011: The Booklover’s Luncheon, a part of Jewish Cultural Arts Month, is scheduled to be held at the Upton JCC in New Orleans, LA.

    2011: The second weekend of Hamshoushalayim is scheduled to begin today.

    2011:“Eichmann’s End: Love, Betrayal, Death” is scheduled to be shown at the 22ndJewish Film Festival in Washington, D.C.

    2011: An Israeli air strike in central Gaza killed a Palestinian militant planning a terrorist attack on the Egypt border, the IDF Spokesperson said today.. 

    2011(12thof Kislev, 5772): Ninety-two year Sir Zelmann Cowen who was the 19thGovernor-General of Australia passed away.

    2011: David Stern asserted his power as Commissioner of the NBA by vetoing a three-team trade that he thought would have undermined the integrity of the game.

    2012: An outdoor menorah lighting ceremony is scheduled to take place the Virginia Gateway Town Center in Gainsville, VA.

    2012: Parshat Vayeshev – this is the same Torah portion that was read on December 13, 1941, the first Saturday after Pearl Harbor.  You have to wonder how the Rabbis of the day tied the story of Joseph to the events of the day.  Maybe they related the darkness of Joseph’s pit to the darkness that America was facing at the start of WW II.

    2012: A second Broadway revival of David Mamet’s “Glengarry Glen Ross” opened today at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre

    2012(24thof Kislev, 5773): In the evening, Kindle the first light of Chanukah.

    2012: The Sephardic Music Festival is scheduled to open with performances by Copal, Cannibal Animal Machine and The Sway Machinery at the Knitting Factory in Brooklyn

    2012: Tonight, President Obama “congratulated Jews around the world on the first night Chanukah.” (As reported by the Times of Israel)

    2012: In Westport, CT, the Jews are scheduled to find two uses for potatoes at “Vodkas and Latkes.”

    2012: Yesterday, the United Nations on Friday approved an Israel-initiated resolution in which the international body affirmed for the first time that entrepreneurship was a critical development tool.

    2012: Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal, making his first ever visit to the Gaza Strip, vowed today never to recognize Israel and said his Islamist group would never abandon its claim to all Israeli territory.

    2013: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Collision Low Crossers: A Year Inside the Turbulent World of NFL Football by Nicholas Dawidoff, The Most of Nora Ephron by Nora Ephron and Wonders of Wonders: A Cultural History of “Fiddler on the Roof”by Alisa Solomon

    2013: Out-of-town tryouts for “If/Then” starring Idina Menzel came to an end at the National Theatre in Washington, DC.

    2013: The Yiddish film “American Matchmaker” is scheduled to be shown at the Westside Neighborhood School.

    2013: In Springfield, VA, Congregation Adat Reyim is scheduled to host a service rededicating its 200 year old Holocaust Torah that had belong to a congregation in Sedlacany, Czechoslovakia that was destroyed by the Nazis.

    2013: “Voices of the Vigil,” an exhibition that “tells the story of the Washington Jewish Community’s “role in the struggle for Soviet Jewry” is scheduled to open at Washington Hebrew Congregation.

    2013: The Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education is scheduled to host a screening of “Mrs. Miniver” followed by a discussion of this Oscar winning account of English bravery during the Battle of Britain that buttressed the cause of those believing America should enter the war to fight the Nazis.

    2013: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu addressed the attack on Greek Orthodox Priest Garbriel Nadaf’s son at today’s cabinet meeting, saying that Israel will not tolerate threats of physical attacks against Christians, Muslims and Druse who “want to link their fate even more to the State of Israel and want to serve in the IDF (As reported by Ariel Ben Solomon and Herb Keinon)

    2013 A right-wing political group accused former Knesset speaker and Jewish Agency head Avrum Burg of treason today in a letter to law enforcement officials for statements Burg made last week that appeared to confirm that Israel possessed nuclear and chemical weapons. (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)

    2013: The American Zionist Movement, the World Zionist Organization and Consulate General of Israel in New York City is scheduled to host a conference on Anti-Zionism and Ant-Semitism

    2013: “The London Review of Books published an online article by Seymour Hersh alleging that President Obama had "omitted important intelligence, and in others he presented assumptions as facts" in his assertion during his televised speech of 10 September that Bashar Al-Assad regime had been responsible for the use of sarin in the Ghouta chemical attack of 21 August 2013 against a rebel-held district of Damascus. In particular, Hersh wrote of anonymous intelligence sources telling him that the Syrian army was not the only agency with access to sarin, referring to the Al-Nusra Front Jihadist group, and that during the period before the Ghouta attack secret implanted sensors at the country's known bases had not detected suspicious movements suggesting a forthcoming chemical attack in the period.”

    2014: Willa Schneberg is scheduled “to read from her recent collection Rending the Garment at the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education.

    2014(16thof Kislev, 5775): Ninety-five year old Sylvia Padzensky passed away today at Cottage Grove Place in Cedar Rapids.

    2014: The second and final episode of “The Red Tent” is scheduled to be broadcast on Lifetime.

    2014: “The Rothschild egg which “Béatrice Ephrussi de Rothschild presented this egg to Germaine Halphen upon her engagement to Béatrice's younger brother, Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild” was given to the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg during the celebration of the 250th anniversary of the museum.

    2014: “Arabic media reported today that two alleged Israeli airstrikes the day before had targeted advanced Russian-made air-defense missiles bound for Hezbollah.”

    2014: A new HBO documentary, “Regarding Susan Sontag” airing tonight charts the way Sontag’s approach to the issues of her day allowed her to become a new kind of American public intellectual.

    2014: The 19th Knesset’s final day began today with a meeting of the Finance Committee where the agenda “consisted of the long-planned funneling of some NIS 3.6 billion ($902 million) to the Defense Ministry. “

    2015: “Shmattes” an exhibition that “surveys the numerous ways in which hip, secular, young American Jews wear their Jewishness on their sleeves, literally” and that features a display of  “contemporary, funny, edgy Jewish-themed t-shirts” is scheduled to open at the Center for Jewish History.

    2015: In what was later described as “just a joke,” Rick Kriseman, “The Jewish mayor of St. Petersburg, Florida made it known today that Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump was unwelcome in his city, following Trump’s suggestion the same day that the United States prevent all Muslims from entering the country.” (As reported by Renee Ghert-Zand)

    2015: “Young (Mostly), Hip (Mostly), Adrift in 2 Worlds” published today provides a review of New York 1, Tel Aviv 0 by Shelly Oria.

    2015: Chef Michael Solomonov, the chef/owner of the popular Zahav restaurant in Philadelphia is scheduled to teach the “Master Chef Class” at the Skirball Center.

    2015: “A Carved Stone Block Upends Assumptions About Ancient Judaism” published today described the impact that the discovery of “The Magdala Stone” has had on views of life during the final decades of the Second Temple.

    2016: The YIVO Institute for Jewish research is scheduled to present “Yiddish Open MIC” hosted by Shane Baker for an evening filled with the sounds of a language that at one time had been written off as dead as the proverbial dodo bird.

    2016: The New York premiere of “Personal Affairs” is scheduled to be shown on the last night of the 10th Annual Other Israel Film Festival.

    2016: Singer Yael Naim, the daughter of Sephardic Jews from Tunisia born in Paris and raised in Israel is scheduled to perform at the Highline Ballroom.

    2016: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present a tutorial in which senior reference librarian Moriah Amit provides the lay person with guidance on how to use a searchable online map of New York’s historical synagogues recently established by the Ackman and Ziff Family Genealogy Institute.

    2017(20thof Kislev, 5778): Observance of the second day of the Rosh HaShanah of Chassidus.

    2017: “Dozens of letters from Jews to Oskar Schindler’s wife Emilie thank her for her role in their liberation are scheduled to actioned in south-west England” today.

    2017: Today’s session of the URJ Biennial in Boston is scheduled to include a Shabbat Dinner followed by Kabbalat Shabat and Song Session.

    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Rabbi Leo Trepp whose works included The Complete Book of Jewish Observance continues today.

    2018: In London, the “Conference of Aegyptiaca, the Journal of the History of the Reception of Ancient Egypt” hosted by the Warburg Institute is scheduled to come to an end today.

    2018: At the Lumberyard in Catskill, NY, “The Day” is scheduled to be performed by Wendy Whelan and “world renowned Israeli-American cellist Maya Beiser.”

    2018(30thof Kislev, 5779): Triple Header Shabbat; Parashat Miketz; Rosh Chodesh Tevet; Sixth Day of Chanukah; for more see




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    December 9


    1212: In Mainz, coronation of Frederick II as King of Germany during whose reign the Jewish “community of Austria began to flourish” due to his “recognition that the Jews were a separate ethnic and religious group, and were not bound to the laws that targeted the Christian population.”

    1565: Pope Pius IV who issued a bull that improved the conditions of the Jews passed away today. It allowed them to stop wearing their yellow cap, buy land up to the value of 1,500 ducats and to trade in things other than old clothes. While they could speak with Christians, they could not have Christian servants. He also allowed the Jews to publish the Talmud as long as they did not use that word in the publication.

    1657 (Kislev 5418): Manasseh ben Israel passed away. Manasseh ben Israel was born in 1604 in Holland, A Marrano at birth; he became an outstanding man of letters. He was mystically inclined and believed that Jews should dwell in every country before the Messiah could come. It is from this platform that he approached the religiously-minded Cromwell with a petition for the resettlement of Jews in England. He was assisted by Antonio Carvajal, the first "denizenized" (foreigner granted residence and some other rights) Jew in England under Charles I. Although Manasseh was later offered a job in Brazil, he remained in Amsterdam. Cromwell eventually had his way despite the fact that England and the Dutch states were at odds, and in spite of the opposition of English clergy and merchants.

    1641: Forty-two year old Sir Anthony van Dyck, who painted “The Portrait of Adriaen Moens” which had been returned to “Marei von Saher, the sole heir of Jacques Goudstikker, a Dutch dealer who fled the Nazis in 1940” passed away today.

    1612: One day after he had passed away, Isaac ben Aaron Prostitz, the native of Prostejov who was sent to Venice by his father to learn the printing trade passed away today after retiring from his craft

    1666(12th of Kislev,5427): Three months after Shabbati Z’vi cast off his Jewish garb and converted to Islam, the Rabbinical Council of Constantinople acted to stamp our this heresy that threatened their peaceful place in the Ottoman Empire by excommunicating Nathan of Gaza, one of his foremost "prophets

    1669: Pope Clement IX passed away. The year before his death, the Pope modified the custom of having the Jews run through the streets of Rome as part of the carnival festivities by allowing them to pay heavy fines to avoid the race. This ended two hundred years of humiliation that had been introduced by Pope Paul II in the 15th century.

    1677: Birthdate of William Whiston “an English theologian and historian” who “is now probably best known for his translation of the Antiquities of the Jewsand other works by Josephus.

    1712(Kislev, 5473): Simon Moses Ben Israel, the Dutch rabbinical scholar who was the father of Moses Frankfurter the Dutch printer who lived from 1672 to 1762, passed away today.

    1738: The Jews were expelled from Breslau Silesia.

    1783: After the British were driven from New York and General George Washington entered the city late in 1783, exiled New Yorkers including the Jewish exiles began to return home. Today Myer Myers joined two other leaders of Shearith Israel as a delegation that was to convey the loyal greetings of the Jewish community of New York to Governor Clinton.

    1792: Birthdate of Max-Théodore Cerfberr, the native of Nancy who may have been one of the first Jewish career officers in the French Army and who also served as “president of the Consistoire Central Israelite de France.”

    1804” A Ukase (Czarist proclamation) issued today “allowed Jews for the time to purchase land in Russia for farming settlements

    1809: Birthdate of Jules Isaac Mires, the son of Sephardic watchmaker from Bordeaux who became a successful banker, Managing Director of the Gas Company of Aries and was decorated with the Cross of the Legion of Honor by Napoleon III in 1860.

    1813: Birthdate of John Addison Gurley the Congressman from Cincinnati, Ohio who arranged for Cesar Kaskel to meet with President Lincoln so that Jewish Kentuckian could protest the issuance of General Order 11.

    1818: In Montego Bay, Jamaica, Isaac Simon and his wife gave birth to Sir John Simon, the English barrister and member of the Liberal Party.

    1818: Alfred Phillips married Rebecca Moses Samuel at the Great Synagogue today.

    1819: In Frankfurt am Main Malchen and David Philipp (Feist) Schloss gave birth to Sophie Schloss
    1821: In Bavaria, Ella and Wolf Goldmann, “a former schoolteacher and cattle dealer” gave birth to

    Marcus Goldman, the German-born American businessman and entrepreneur who immigrated to the United States in 1848 and was the founder of Goldman Sachs, which became one of the world's largest global investment banks.

    1822(25thof Kislev, 5583): Chanukah

    1831: Birthdate of Maurice de Hirsch who would gain fame as Baron Hirsch one of the greatest philanthropists of his time.

    1833: Jacob ben Naphtali HaCohen married Beila bat Judah at the Western Synagogue today.

    1835: In Gedern, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany, Lob and Bina Oppenheimer gave birth to David Oppenheimer.
    1840: David Benjamin married Esther Solomon in Hobart, Australia today.

    1843: Birthdate of Corporal Isaac Gause who won the Medal of Honor during the U.S. Civil War.

    1847: In Natchitoches, LA, Samuel Myers Hymas donated the land for the cemetery “to the Society of Israelites.”

    1856: In “Temesvár (then Hungary, now Timisoara in Romania)  Rosalia Engel Katscher and Ignaz Katscher, who had married in 1852 in Makó, Hungary gave birth to Bertha Katscher (or Berta Kácser) the sister of “Leopold Katscher, noted pacifist, lawyer and journalist, and Helen Kohlbach.”

    1858: Three days after she had passed away, Charlotte Styer nee Levy, the wife of Abraham Styer and mother of Mathew Styer was buried today at the “Lauriston Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1861: Rabbi Arnold Fischel arrived in Philadelphia and met with Jewish leaders working to make it possible for Jews to serve as chaplains with the Union Army. Fischel was on his way from New York to Washington, D.C.

    1861: Philadelphia native Myer Asch was promoted to First Lieutenant and Adjutant of Company H, First Cavalry, New Jersey Volunteers.

    1861: Today’s edition of the Louisville-Nashville Courier gave the following details concerning the burning of a bridge at Whippoorwill on the Memphis Branch Railroad. A detachment of fifty or sixty federal soldiers “under the under command of a Dutch Jew peddler named Netter” fired “a volley of over one hundred rounds from Sharp’s revolving rifles” at the Confederates who guarding the bridge. Two were killed and the rest surrendered. The Federals then burn the railroad bridge. “Netter” was probably Gabriel Netter, a French-born Jew living in Kentucky who within a year would rise to the rank of Lt. Colonel before being killed in fighting near Owensboro.

    1868(25thof Kislev, 5629): Chanukah is observed for the last time during the Presidency of Andrew Johnson.
    1868: Birthdate of German-born Chemist Fritz Haber who synthesized ammonia and won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1918.

    1868: Austen Henry Layard, the archeologist who excavated Nimrud and Niniveh as described in Discoveries at Nineveh began serving as the First Commissioner of Works during the reign of Queen Victoria.

    1869: In London, Mordecai Abrahams, secretary to the Initiation Society and his wife gave birth to economist and civil servant Sir Lionel Barnett Abrahams, the husband of Lucy Joseph and the father of Arthur Charles Lionel Abrahams.

    1870: The Society of Biblical Archaeology was founded in London "for the investigation of the archaeology, history, arts, and chronology of ancient and modern...biblical lands...."

    1872: Birthdate of Edward Lazansky  the native of Brooklyn who “was a Justice of the New York State Supreme Court from 1917 to 1926, and a Justice of the Appellate Division from 1926 to 1943” and who “was  a founder and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Brooklyn Jewish Hospital.:

    1874: Isaac and Hannah Weil gave birth to Jonas Weil, the husband of Caroline Weil

    1875: Today’s session of the Hebrew Charity Fair raised over $7,000 for the benefit of Mount Sinai Hospital.
    1878: A fair for the benefit of Shaare Rachmim is scheduled to open tonight at Tammany Hall.
    1878: Joseph Pulitzer bought the St Louis Dispatch for $2,500.

    1879(24th of Kislev): In the evening the first light of Chanukah was kindled.

    1879: It was reported today in New Jersey, that Chancellor Runyon has decided not to grant Rachel Blumenthal, young Jewess from Canada, a divorce from Moses Tannenholz an older Jew living in New Jersey. In 1875, when she was only 17 she participated in what she thought was a betrothal ceremony with Tannenholz Much to her amazement she discovered that the ceremony was a marriage ceremony. According to testimony offered during the divorce hearing, Blumenthal’s parents had declined Tannenholz’s offers to end the marriage for a cash payment. The Chancellor sensed that Tannenholz had been perpetrating a fraud in the matter of the marriage. But he declined to grant the divorce because Miss Blumenthal was a minor when she moved to New Jersey from Canada so that she could establish residence (a requirement for filing for divorce) and since she was a minor she could not file for divorce under New Jersey state law

    1881: It was reported today that at least one Russian newspaper has taken issue with President Chester A. Arthur’s criticism of the Czarist Empire’s treatment of its Jewish citizens.

    1881: Samuel Shrimski began serving as a Member of the New Zealand Parliament

     for Oamaru.

    1882: It was reported today that the Hebrew Free School Associations is planning on holding its annual meeting this month.

    1882: Some Jewish businessmen who had obtained a temporary injunction were able to keep their stores open today.  The Jews, who observe the Sabbath on Saturday, have taken the matter to court.

    1883: In Eichstetten, Leopold Bloch, the son of Samuel and Jeanette Bloch and his second wife Klara Bloch gave birth to Leonie Bloch

    1883: R. Heber Newton delivered a lecture on “The Book of Genesis” during when he said the book “purported to be a Jewish work, giving the traditions of Jewish antecedents in prehistoric times…”

    1885(1stof Tevet, 5646): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1885: Thirty thousand people, including the adjutant of the Crown Prince who been sent as a representative of the royal family attended the funeral of Herr Strassmann, the President of the Berlin Municipal Council

    1886: Birthdate of Irma Levy, the daughter of a New York assimilated anti-Zionist German Jewish family who gained fame as Irma Lindheim, a member of Kibbutz Mishmar Haemek. (As reported by Jewish Women’s Archives)

    1888: In Bialystok, Mordecai Perlman “a Jewish merchant who supplied yarn and thread to home weavers and was a friend of Maxim Litvinov's father” and his wife gave birth labor economist Selig Perlman who taught at the University of Wisconsin for over four decades and was also “a visiting Professor at the” highly prestigious Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania.

    1888:”Old New York Churches” published today featured a history of the houses of worship on Manhattan’s Norfolk Street including one building on the corner of Broome Street that housed a Baptist Church, followed by a Methodist church and is currently being used as a synagogue and another one on Stanton Street that had been a Presbyterian Church but is now a synagogue.

    1888: In Brooklyn, a caucus of Republicans met today and decided that Ernst Nathan, a Twenty-third Ward politician must be stopped “at all cost” from gaining any power in their party.

    1889: The Hebrew Education Fair opened this evening at the American Institute Building. This two long fund raiser officially began at 8:45 this evening when Eben’s Band began playing the grand march as New York City Mayor Grant and A.W. Lilienthal took their places on the stage.

    1889: In Chicago, President Benjamin Harrison dedicated the Auditorium Building which had been designed the architect Dankmar Adler.

    1891: In what may have been one of the most important even in this year’s social season for the Jewish community in New Orleans, at Temple Sinai, Rabbi Max Heller officiated at the marriage of Cincinnati native Julia Seeman, the daughter of George and Caroline (Carrie) Goodhart Seeman, to Felix J. Dreyfous which was attended by Isidore Schooler, Harry Hyman, Leon J. Schwartz, Henry Friedman, Leon Kaufman, Charles Godchaux, Morriss Levy, E.I. Johns, the bride’s sister, Mary Seeman and the groom’s sister Blanch Dreyfous

    1891: In London, Polish Jewish immigrants, Louis Gertler and Kate "Golda" Berenbaum gave birth to British painter Mark Gertler.

    1891: In the wake of the passage of the May Laws and increased persecution of the Jews of Russia during a speech delivered to Congress today, President Benjamin Harrison said: This government had found occasion to express in a friendly spirit, but with much earnestness, to the government of the tsar its serious concern because of harsh measures being enforced against the Hebrews."

    1891(8thof Kislev, 5652): Sixty-nine year old Russian physician Leon Pinsker, an early Zionist and the author of “Auto-Emancipation” passed away today.

    1892: One day after she had passed away, 70 year old Hannah Levy, “the widow of the late Moses Levy” with whom she had had six children was buried today in the “West Ham Jewish Cemetery.”

    1892: Reports published today describe the spread of anti-Semitism among Germany’s political parties as can be seen by “a violent anti-Jewish article” in “the Catholic organ Germania” that the parties “desirous of annulling the emancipation of the Jews are growing daily.”

    1892: Reports published today describe efforts to “invalidate Hermann Ahlwardt’s election to the Reichstag on grounds of corruptions and intimidation of opponents” including the beating of a member of the Radicals who is “suspected of being a Jew.”

    1894: “Finances and Russian Alliance” published today described changes in British policy toward the new Czar’s government including the arrangement of loans by London’s financiers along with the expectation of “decent treatment of the Jews.

    1894: As the former Belle Glazier and her new husband Jacob S. Bernheimer left on their wedding trip the bride’s father gave a dinner for the children of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

    1895: N.S. Rosenau of the United Hebrew Charities was among those who attended today’s conference where ways were discussed “promote prosperity among the farmers” during the current agricultural depression.

    1895: “The great Hebrew fair…one of the most extensive enterprises” that the Jews of New York have undertaken is scheduled to open tonight at Madison Square Garden. This fundraiser which has booths sponsored by every Jewish congregation and organization in the city is expected to raise $250,000 for Educational Alliance and the Hebrew Technical Alliance.

    1895: “When the doors of the Madison Square Garden opened this evening for the great Hebrew fair the visitors saw much that in splendor will rival what has been depicted by the authors of ‘The Arabian Nights’ and like fiction, in which spectacular wonders abound.”

    1895: Birthdate of Vivian de Sola Pinto the British poet and literary critic who was a close friend of Siegfried Sassoon with whom he served in WW I and who became one of the great authorities on D.H. Lawrence.

    1897: Birthdate of Philadelphia native Edwin Israel “Hughie” Black, the first capital of the Philadelphia Sphas basketball team.

    1897: One day after she had passed away, 75 year old Rachel Fishman was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery” in London.

    1897: Birthdate of Hermione Gingold. Born Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold in London, she was the daughter of a high-class Austrian-born Jewish financier. The British actress known for her sharp-tongued, eccentric persona, an image enhanced by her sharp nose and chin, as well as her deepening voice, a result of vocal nodes which her mother encouraged her not to remove. She appeared on stage, on radio, in films, on television, and in recordings. Gingold passed away in 1997.

    1897: Two days after she had passed away, 22 year old Leah Lipman, the daughter of John and Rose Lipman was buried at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery.

    1898: The Jewish Messengerreported Meyer Dannenberg a member of Or Chaim in New York City passed away. He "...was an Israelite of the olden school...he was truly pious and he leaves to his descendants and friends the priceless legacy of a good name."

    1899: “The Children of the Ghetto” is scheduled to open at the Adelphi Theatre in London.

    1900: Birthdate of New York City native and Phi Beta Kappa graduate of CCNY Albert Weisbord who joined with his wife Vera to becoming Communist activists.

    1901: In the Bronx, Moritz and Fannie Kahn gave birth to Irene Kahn who became Irene Jonas when she married Dr. Joseph Quincy Jonas.

    1903: It was reported today that the divorce of Solomon Cohen, the managing director of Cohen and Co. Ltd, of Cootamundra and Stockinbingal and Mabel Lillian Cohen has been finalized.

    1904: In Richmond, VA, members of Congregation Beth Ahavah (House of Love) dedicated their new home what is popularly known as the Franklin Street Synagogue, probably because it is located on West Franklin Street. The congregation is one of the oldest in the United States tracing its origins back to 1789. The building which is still in use is on the National Historic Registry.

    1904: Birthdate of University of Cincinnati alum and drama critic Louis Kronenberg who worked at the New York Times and Time magazine before become a professor at Brandeis.

    1905: “Salome” an opera based on Hedwig Lachmann's German translation of the French play Salomé which was dedicated to Sir Edgar Speyer “was first performed at the Hofoper in Dresden.”

    1905: The French law on the Separation of the Churches and State (Loi du 9 décembre 1905 concernant la séparation des Églises et de l'État) was passed by the Chamber of Deputies today. From now on, the functionaries of all religions in France - Catholic, Protestant and Jewish - ceased to receive state funding and no longer conducted their affairs under state supervision. France had become a secular nation thanks to the backlash from the Dreyfus Affair.

    1905:  The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that in New Jersey, “the Camden Hebrew Relief Fund has reached $694.38. (Ed. Note – the money was being raised for the victims of the Pogroms that had taken place in Russia earlier in the year.)

    1905: Birthdate of New York native Leo S. Palitz the CCNY basketball player and physician who was married to “Lillian Nassau, the doyenne of New York antique dealers”

    1905: It was reported today that at a time when the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the arrival of the Jews in what is now the United States is being celebrated, “the account given in the Jewish Encyclopedia, the twelfth and last volume of which is about to be published by Funk & Wagnalls” makes for interesting reading.

    1908: Three days after she had passed away, “Louisa Sophia Goldsmid,”  the widow of “Sir Francis Henry Goldsmid and the daughter of Eliza Solomon and Moses Ashe Goldsmid, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1909: Birthdate of Chicago native and University of Chicago trained Social Worker Harry Barron

    1910: Congressman-elect Jefferson M. Levy, the nephew of Uriah P. Levy, was reported today to have joined publisher William Randolph Hearst and Admiral Dewey in resigning “from the American Boy Scout organization” because they “did not approve of the (organization’s) management” and they “think a great deal of the funds have been raised through false representation and in other manner” of which they heartily disapprove.

    1911(18th of Kislev, 5672): Rabbi Haim Covo of Salonica passed away at age the age of 68.

    1912(29thof Kislev, 5673): Fifth Day of Chanukah

    1912: Max Schulman is scheduled to address adult attendees at Chanukah celebration hosted by the Chicago Hebrew Institute.

    1912: Funeral services are scheduled to held at noon today at the Waldheim Cemetery for seventy year old Augusta (Meyers) Sultain, the wife of Bernet Sultan with whom she had six children.

    1913(10th of Kislev, 5674): Seventy-four year old “French pianist and composer” Élie-Miriam Delaborde who was reputed “to be the illegitimate son of the composer and pianist Charles-Valentin Alkan” the Franco-Jewish “composer and pianist” passed away today.

    1914: Birthdate of Samuel Katz, who was a close adviser to Menachem Begin, Israel’s prime minister in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but who later became a vociferous opponent of Begin’s peace efforts with Egypt and the Palestinians. The son of Alexander and Luba Katz, Katz was born in Johannesburg and moved to Palestine in 1936 He changed his first name to Shmuel and soon joined the Irgun. For several years, he was secretary to Ze’ev Jabotinsky, one of the founders of the Irgun. Mr. Katz and Menachem Begin became comrades in arms in the 1940s when both rose to leadership positions in the Irgun, the right-wing underground militia that battled the British Mandatory government of Palestine and later Arab forces in Israel’s 1948 war for independence. In June 1948, Mr. Katz helped organize the voyage of the cargo ship Altalena, which was carrying weapons and Irgun fighters to Israel when it was sunk off Tel Aviv by the newly formed Israel Defense Forces. In May 1977, Begin, the longtime leader of the Herut Party, was elected prime minister of Israel’s first right-wing government in 29 years; Herut later merged with the Likud bloc. Begin chose Mr. Katz as his adviser for information abroad and sent him to several countries, including to the United States for meetings with President Carter, to counter perceptions that Begin was a wild-eyed terrorist and reactionary. But Mr. Katz had resigned to protest Israeli concessions by the time Mr. Carter brought Begin and Sadat together at Camp David in September 1978; at the White House the next year, they signed a treaty returning Sinai to Egypt and calling for Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank and Gaza. In June 1979, Begin was re-elected to a 13th term as chairman of Herut, by a vote of 1,340 to 8. The 8 votes went to Mr. Katz. In Mr. Katz’s view, peace with the Arabs was illusory; in his view, Judea and Samaria, the biblical names for much of the West Bank, should be annexed as part of the “land of Israel,” and pressure from Washington could be ignored. It was a position Mr. Katz took in many books and opinion articles that he wrote in the years after he left the government. Among Mr. Katz’s books are Jabo, a biography of Mr. Jabotinsky; Battleground: Fact and Fantasy in Palestine, about the roots of the Arab-Israeli conflict and what Mr. Katz considered the deep connections between his nation and the biblical land of Israel; and The Aaronsohn Saga, an account of a Jewish spy ring that worked for the British against the Ottoman Turks. He passed away in May of 2008 at the age of 93 in Tel Aviv.

    1915: It was reported today that the one million dollars already raised to aid the Jews suffering in war-torn Europe, the American Jewish Relief Committee knows now that it “was only a small part of what was needed” and that a new campaign must be waged to raise additional funds – a campaign that will benefit from the expertise of “Manny Strause of Cincinnati, an efficiency expert” who will devote sixty days of his time to this endeavor.

    1915: It was reported today Irving I. Lipsitch of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society delivered an address on “How Can Jewish Farmers Be Assisted in Getting Their Naturalization Papers?” at the last meeting of the Federation of Jewish Farmers of America which has gone “on record as opposing legislation using a literacy test to restrict immigration.”

    1916: “The Women’s Proclamation Committee, the national women’s organization for Jewish war relief of which Mrs. Samuel Elkeles is Chairman, announced” today “that it had established new branches in Baltimore, MD and Memphis, TN” and that steps were being taken to establish branches in Milwaukee, Dayton and Kansas City, MO.

    1916: In Amsterdam, New York Bryna "Bertha" (née Sanglel) and Herschel "Harry" Danielovitch gave birth to Issur Danielovitch who gained fame as Kirk Douglas, who has played everything from Doc Holiday in Gunfight at the OK Corral, to deranged Naval officer in In Harm’s Way to Colonel Mickey Marcus in Cast a Giant Shadow.

    1916: “A wireless statement from Alfred Zimmermann, Germany Secretary for Foreign Affairs” sent “in reply to an inquiry made through the German Embassy by Dr. S. M. Melamed, the editor of the Amerian Jewish Chronicle” received today in New York declared “that the new constitution granted to the Jews of Poland gave them far-reaching self-government and a chance to develop their own educational system.” (Editor’s note – A scant thirty years later the Jewish population of Poland would be almost non-existent thanks to another German regime.)

    1917(24th of Kislev, 5678): In the evening, kindle the first light of Chanukah

    1917: According to reports published today, “this evening the celebration of Chanukah, the Feast of Dedication, will begin among Jewish people and continue for eight days. Although rated in the traditional calendar as a minor festival, compared with the Biblical festivals and holy days, it is known also as the Feast of Lights, and is of great significance, as it commemorates one of the most heroic struggles and final victory for the Jewish fatherland and faith.”

    1917: Just after midnight, Turkish troops began the final evacuation Jerusalem. According to one report, it was fitting that the Turks should be leaving Jerusalem for the last time on the same day that the Seleucids left the city since this day coincided with the celebration of the holiday of Chanukah.
    1917: The Turkish mayor of Jerusalem surrenders the city to 2 British soldiers - Sergeants Sedgwick and Hawcombe.

    1917: “O.A. Glazebrook, the United States Consul, who recently returned from Jerusalem, predicted in an address” at the Institutional Synagogue today predicted that “starvation and untold suffering” awaited “the Jews in Palestine unless very active steps were taken by” Jews in the United States to send money to the region and “that Germany had begun a complete reorganization of the Turkish Army and to that end was commandeering all resources of the Turkish Empire regardless of the needs of the civilian population” which only made the position of the Jews all the more perilous. 1917: A delegation of notables including the mayor of Jerusalem, the chief of police and several imams, rabbis and Christian clergy met with British forces just north of the city and surrendered the “keys of the city.”

    1917: Rabbi Herbert S. Goldstein delivered a sermon to members of the Institutional Synagogue who met at Mount Morris Theatre urging “liberal support” for the drive to raise funds for Jewish war relief.

    1917: Among the contributions reported today to have been made to The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews suffering Through the War were $222 from the American Graphaphone Company, “one of the earliest names in recorded sound” which was founded in 1887 and $222 from the Cannonsburg, PA, Hebrew Association.

    1917: It was reported today that the upcoming issue of The Menorah Journal will carry a story about the invitation to Israel Zangwill to come to the United and address the Menorah Quintennial Convention, including “Zangwill’s eloquent, if regretful replay to the invitation.”

    1917: Today, “the Provisional Zionist Committee announced that Justice Louis D. Brandeis of the United States Supreme court has received letter of congratulation from the Armenian United Association of London on the British declaration in favor of the establishment of a national Jewish home in Palestine to which the Cabinets promises that ‘his Majesty’s Government will exert its best endeavors.’”

    1917: Forty seven year old Shreveport, LA native and playwright Arthur Lee Kahn, some of whose plays “show the influence of his southern heritage and indicate something of the nature of the struggle of the southern-born playwright” passed away today.

    1917: At the Rockford Hall, in Rockford, Illinois, the Young Peoples’ Jewish Congress is scheduled to host an “entertainment and dance” in honor of the Jewish soldiers at Camp Grant who are being granted a furlough so they can attend the event.

    1918: In the Bronx, Austrian immigrants Asher and Ida Tannenbaum gave birth to Gertrude Tannenbaum who gained fame as Gertrude Schimmel whose police career was all the more challenging because of her gender – a challenge she repeatedly overcame rising to become the first female chief in the NYPD. (As reported by Richard Goldstein)

    1918: Victor Berger went on trial today on charges that he had violated the Espionage Act of 1917 by publicly opposing America’s entry into WW I.  Berger was a Socialist who opposed all war.

    1919: Mrs. Henry Hershkovitz is scheduled to deliver a report at today’s regular meeting of the Hungarian Charity Society Women’s Auxiliary in Chicago.

    1920: Thirty days after the death of Shloyme Zanvl Rappoport whose pen name was S. Ansky, passed away, “The Dybbuk” was performed at the Elyseum Theatre in Warsaw.

    1922: The North West Young Women’s Hebrew Association is scheduled to host “their third informal dance” this “evening at the Cameo Room in Chicago’s Morrison Hotel.

    1922: Mrs. Andrew Roth is the chairperson for the Beth Israel Sisterhood’s charity bazaar which is scheduled to open tonight.
    1922: Cleveland banker and philanthropist Maurice J. “Moses” Mandelbaum, the son of Jacob and Amelia (Lehman) Mandelbaum married his third wife, Florence Burnet today.
    1923(1st of Tevet, 5684): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1923: Sigmund Israel, the rabbi leading the Temple at Poughkeepsie, NY passed away today.
    1923(1st of Tevet, 5684): Seventh day of Chanukah; in the evening Kindled the 8th candle

    1923: Hadoar resumes publication

    1923: The Jewish Welfare Board sponsored a special Army and Navy Chanukah Service that was held at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association in Manhattan. During his address to the attendees, Rear Admiral Charles P. Plunkett, commander of the Third Naval District and the Brooklyn Navy Yard, said that “There are more kinds of hatreds both religious and social in the world today than ever existed. This country has been open to the world, a haven of safety, but we have no room here for those who cannot be assimilated. They cannot bring their hatreds here..”

    1923: In an address to the first meeting of the National Council of the Keren Hayesod at the Hotel Astor, Dr. Arthur Ruppin said that “the housing shorate in Palestine has been relieved to a considerable estnet by the establishment of the General Mortgage Bank of Palestine which has invested more than $300,000 in mortgages enabling the construction of 300 house in Tel Aviv, Jaffa, Haifa and Tiberias.

    1924: In the presence of in the presence of Sir Herbert Samuel, the High Commissioner for Palestine, Sir Ronald Storrs, Governor of the Jaffa district in Jerusalem, and Raghib al-Nashashibi, the Arab mayor of Jerusalem a street in Jerusalem that crosses Ben Yehuda Street and Hillel Street was named King George Street or Rechov HaMelech in dedication ceremonies held today. The street was named in honor of King George V in honor of the seventh anniversary of Lord Allenby’s conquest of Jerusalem during World War I.

    1927: “The Private Life of Helen Troy” a silent film about the famous beauty directed by Alexandra Korda and starring his wife Maria in the title role premiered in New York City today.

    1928: A Chanukah celebration is scheduled to be held this afternoon at the Bronx Jewish Center under the supervision of Talmud Torah’s principal, Rabbi J.J. Charlot

    1928: It was reported today that “in the hope of putting an end to anti-Semitic rioting in Rumanian universities, the Minister of Education has notified the rectors…that students guilty of participating in anti-Jewish demonstrations to such an extent as to break the peace will be drafted into the army at once…”

    1929: During an interview today Ossip Gabrilowitsch, the Jewish son-in-law of Mark Twain, commended the music program started last week at Hebrew University. Based on first-hand knowledge gained by his visit to Palestine last Sring, Maestro Gabrilowitsch spoke highly of the accomplishments of the Jewish musical community and identified the areas in most need of growth.

    1930: Birthdate of Buck Henry. Born Henry Zuckerman, Henry is known as an actor, writer and the satirical wit who helped to make SNL into a hit show.

    1930: “In the presence of over 200 representatives of many faiths from various points in the country gathered at a dinner concluding the Seminar on Human Relations between Protestants, Catholics and Jews, held at the Hotel McAlpin, Newton D. Baker, former Secretary of War, was presented tonight with the American Hebrew Medal for the Promotion of Better Understanding between Christian and Jew in America.”

    1931: Jews throughout the world celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Birth of Baron Hirsch

    1931: Supporters of the Grand Mufti distributed “fake photographs” to delegates to the World Islamic Conference showing Jews armed with machine guns attacking the Dome of the Rock. This was part of the mufti’s plan to inflame relations between Jews and Arabs while cementing his role as leader of the Arabs in Palestine.

    1933: Seventy-three year old Eugenie Wottitz Wartski, the daughter of Marie and Dr. Simon Spitzer who was married to Moritz Wottitz and then Zygmunt Wartski passed away in her home town of Vienna.

    1933(21stof Kislev, 5694): Fifty-four year old German silent screen actor Julius Falkenstein passed away today in Berlin.
    1934: In a response to a request from Churchill, Leonard Montifore, a member of the Central British Fund, sent the British statesman a translation of the recently promulgated Nuremberg Laws, commentary from The Times on these anti-Jewish laws and a pamphlet describing the conditions in Germany just before the laws were passed.

    1935: “Paradise Lost” a drama written by Clifford Odets, directed by Harold Clurman and starring Stella Adler and Morris Carnovsky opened on Broadway at the Longacre Theatre.

    1935: Walter Liggett, Minnesota newspaper editor and muckraker, is killed in a gangland murder. After writing newspaper articles connecting between the mobster Kidd Cann and Minnesota Governor Floyd Olson, Ligett was gunned down, reportedly by Kid Cann. Kid Cann was Isadore Blumenfeld a leading Jewish mobster living in the Twin Cities. He was tried for the murder but “beat the rap.”

    1936:  “Dr. Arthur Ruppin, an agricultural and colonization expert for the Jewish Agency for Palestine, Maurice B. Hexter testified before the Royal Commission in Jerusalem, where among other things, they worked to refute the criticism of the Jewish National Fund’s land-purchasing policy made by commission member Sir Laurie Hammond.

    1936: In Chur Switzerland, 27 year old Yugoslav Jewish medical student who has admitted killing Wilhelm Gustloff, the Swiss Nazi leader testified “that he had decided not to assassinate Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, ‘because it would cause too great suffering among the Jews in Germany.’”

    1936: “The New York Ladies Auxiliary of the Jewish Consumptives Relief Society of Denver, Colorado announced” today ‘that it had begun a drive for $45,000” which will “be used to provide a new dining hall and kitchen for the 300 patients at the society’s sanitarium in Denver.

    1937: The Palestine Postreported that in Jerusalem two bombs were thrown by Arab terrorists at the houses of Arabs known to oppose the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el-Husseini, who was hiding from the authorities in Lebanon.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that in London the Colonial Office refused to accede to Colonel J.C. Wedgwood’s request to circulate the names of 137 officials of the Palestine government and judiciary who, on June 30, 1936, sent a memo critical of the establishments’ activities and policy.

    1938: “Undaunted by efforts to intimidate them, fifty-six of Hollywood’s most prominent stars, directors, writers and studio heads gathered at HANL activist Eddie Robinson’s Beverly Hills home” today “to discuss the worsening situation in Germany and western Europe” which led to a sign “The Declaration of Democratic Independence” a petition “which they sent to the President and Congress calling for a boycott of all German products until Hitler stopped persecuting Jews and other minorities.

    1938: As the level of anti-Semitism in Nazi Germany increases and Hitler pursues a more aggressive foreign policy, Churchill gave a speech reminding his constituents that four years earlier he had called for a four-fold increase in spending for the RAF and that if those who are criticizing him now would have heeded his advice then Britain would not be dealing with the Germans from a position of weakness.

    1938: “Dramatic School” a “romantic drama” produced by Mervyn LeRoy and starring Luise Rainer and Paulette Goddard (Marion Levy) was released today in the United States today.

    1938: Bessie (Basha) Riff, the wife of Rabbi Naftali Riff, who had arrived at Ellis Island in 1923 “became a naturalized citizen in the Common Pleas court of Camden, NJ today.

    1939: Dr. Henryk Szoskies, vice president of the Jewish community in Warsaw, who escaped last month and is now in Paris has provided first-hand information on the desperate situation of the Jews living in the German-occupied zone of Poland. “Jews all over the German part of Poland live in constant fear of new persecutions and new orders making life even harder.” He reported that the Gestapo had ordered the establishment of a ghetto in the middle of November allowing only three days to transfer an additional 160,000 Jews into the Nalewiki district increasing the population in this small area to 366,000. “Jews all over Poland face an extremely hard winter…since merchants are not allowed to trade and all their property has been confiscated. Dr. Szoskies has “presented a detailed report to Premier Wladislas Sikorski and other members” of the Polish government in exile in Paris.

    1940: The British deported illegal Jewish immigrants from Haifa to Mauritius. This was part of the British enforcement of the White Paper that effectively ended Jewish immigration to Eretz Israel. When you consider how strapped the British were for resources in fighting Hitler, it is amazing that the government in London could find the resources to intercept vessels sailing to Palestine.

    1940: Jewish immigrants who had entered Eretz Israel illegally protested their deportation by lying nude in their bunks, refusing to dress in an act of spontaneous, and ultimately futile, civil disobedience,

    1940: A German soldier leaps from a car in the Warsaw (Poland) Ghetto and strikes a Jewish boy in the head with an iron bar, killing him.

    1941(19thof Kislev, 5702): “Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism”

    1941(19thof Kislev, 5702): Seventy-six Hart O.Berg “a pioneer in the manufacture of machine guns, guns automobiles and submarines” whose most notable accomplishment was helping the Wright Brothers promote their flying machines during their first European tours passed away today.

    1941(19thof Kislev, 5702): Following two days of killing known as the Rumbula Massacre, an additional 500 Jews were murdered in the “small ghetto” at Riga. The Nazis used buses supplied by the Riga municipal authorities to transport the Jews to the Bikernieki forest where “they were murdered and buried in mass graves.

    1942: German troops in Tunis, Tunisia, seize 128 Jews and march them to a labor camp. One young Jew who drops from exhaustion is shot and killed.

    1942: Hannah Karminski was brought to the extermination camp in Auschwitz-Birkenau

    1942: Christian Century, an American Protestant journal, attacks Rabbi Stephen Wise, claiming he has lied about the Holocaust in his recent press conference. Christian Century further argues that even if what Wise has to say is true, to make the facts of the Holocaust public serves no purpose.

    1946: “The Doctors' Trial,” the trial for crimes committed in Nazi human experimentation during World War II, began in Nuremberg, Germany.

    1946: Chaim Weizmann calls for a Jewish state in Palestine.

    1947: The Security Council tables a debate on partition after Syria reports that Arabs will question legality of such a partition.

    1948: In Tel Aviv, “Israel Friedman, who was executive vice president of the Religious Zionists of America, and the former Rivka Hershman” gave birth to Bracha Friedman who gained fame as “whistle-blower Bracha Graber.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

    1948: Iraq is asked by Britain, U.S., and France to reopen oil pipeline from Iraq to Haifa The promise made that oil refined in Haifa will not be furnished to Israel.

    1948: In British ruled Aden eighty-two Jews were killed during a savage attack on the Jewish citizens and their property. Other such riots took place in Beirut, Cairo, Alexandria and Aleppo.

    1949: The UN General Assembly voted to put Jerusalem under permanent UN rule. This a repeat of what was in the resolution adopted on November 29, 1947.

    1949: Arab states support the adoption of the motion to put Jerusalem under permanent UN rule because they are suspicious of King of Abdullah of Jordan who has annexed the West Bank and the Old City of Jerusalem.

    1949: Britain opposes the UN plan to put Jerusalem under permanent UN rule.

    1949: The United States opposes the UN plant to put Jerusalem under permanent UN rule. It favors a compromise put forward by Sweden and the Netherlands under which only the city’s religious shrines would be under UN Control instead of the whole city

    1949: Chile abstained from voting on the UN resolution in favor to the internationalization of Jerusalem

    1950: Harry Gold was sentenced to thirty years in jail for stealing United States nuclear weapon secrets for the Soviet Union. Gold’s testimony led to David Greenglass which in turn led to Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, who were executed after being convicted of espionage. Gold only served about half of his sentence.

    1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that the Knesset elected Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, the 68-year-old Labor Zionist leader, as the second President of Israel. He was elected on the third ballot when he won 62 votes. The other candidates were Rabbi M. Nurock, who received 40 votes, and Mr. Y. Gruenbaum who won five. There were five blanks and eight abstentions.

    1954: “Deep In My Heart” biopic about Jewish composer Sigmund Romberg directed by Stanley Donen, was released today in the United States by MGM.

    1956(5thof Tevet, 5717): Sixty-two year old painter and poet Uriel Birnbaum passed away.

    1957: The first Japanese ambassador to Israel arrived in the Jewish state.

    1958: Robert Welch, Jr. founded the John Birch Society.

    1959: Bartley Cavanaugh Crum, the lawyer who “was a member of the Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry on Palestine in 1945 that advised President Harry Truman to support the opening of the British Mandate of Palestine to unrestricted Jewish immigration and to ease restrictions on Jewish land purchases” and authored Behind the Silken Curtain a Personal Account of Anglo-American Diplomacy in Palestine and the Middle East published by Simon & Schuster in 1947.

    1961: An Israeli court found Adolf Eichmann found guilty of war crimes.

    1961: Ferenc Molnar, a Hungarian author who escaped to the United States to avoid the persecution of Hungarian Jews and passed away in 1952 was retroactively granted the status of “returning resident.”

    1962: Premiere of “Station Six-Sahara” a British-German film produced by Holocaust survivor Gene Gutowski and co-starring Carroll Baker who converted to Judaism when she married Holocaust survivor Jack Garfein.

    1965: In Tokyo, world premiere of “Thunderball,” the fourth film in the James Bond series featuring Leonard Sachs

    1966: Birthdate of Gideon Moses Serchanski, the Tel Aviv native who gained fame as Gideon Sa'arl, a Likud MK and Minister of Education.

    1966: Seventy-one year old poet Lazarus Leonard Aarronson, a native of London’s East End who converted to Christianity and published Christ in the Synagoguein 1930, passed away today.

    1968: In the U.K. premiere of “The Birthday Party” directed by William Friedkin, produced by Max Rosenburg and Milton Subotsky with a script by Harold Pinter.

    1969: Thanks to newly supplied Soviet radar, the IAF suffers a “bad day” when Egyptian aircraft shoot down two Mirages and one F-4 Phantom Jet.

    1969: The Nixon Administration publicizes the “Rogers Plan” named for the U.S. Secretary of State that “calls for Egyptian ‘commitment to peace’ in exchange for the Israeli withdrawal from Sinai.”  (This plan follows a pattern all too common to these negotiations over the decades – Israel gives up something tangible for an Arab promise)

    1969: Birthdate of musician Jakob Dylan, son of Bob Dylan.

    1970: The 6th Asian Games in which Esther Roth-Shachamorov won golds in 100m hurdles and pentathlon and a silver in long jump opened in Bangkok.

    1970(11thof Kislev, 5731): Eighty-two year old London born, Columbia University trained Professor of Chemistry, Benjamin Harrow, Ph.D. passed away today.

    1971: Dr. Ralph J Bunche passed away. Bunche won the Nobel Peace Prize for his successful role in negotiating an end to the fighting between the Israelis and the Arab states in 1949.

    1972: Ninety-two year old  gossip columnist Louella Parsons , the daughter of Joshua Oettinger, a German Jew, who was raised as an Episcopalian passed away today in Santa Monica, CA.

    1972:Helen Reddy’s "I Am Woman" tops the charts

    1973: A revival of “The Pajama Game,” the Richard Adler/Jerry Ross musical starring Hal Linden opened at the Lunt-Fontaine Theatre.

    1973: “After only 37 performances and 16 previews,” “In the Boom Boom Room” directed by Joseph Papp and co-starring Madeline Kahn who “won the Drama Desk Award” for her performance closed on Broadway today.

    1974: Howard Cossell (who was Jewish) interviewed John Lennon as part of a breakaway segment during tonight’s Washington Redskins football game.

    1976: Funeral services for Dr. Julian Morgenstern, President Emeritus of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, Ohio, are scheduled to be held at the college this afternoon.
    1977(29th of Kislev, 5738): One day before her 57thbirthday Brazilian author Clarice Lispector passed away today.

    1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that Egypt had returned to Israel the bodies of three unidentified Israeli soldiers who were killed during the Yom Kippur war.

    1977: In Cairo tens of thousands of Egyptians demonstrated, carrying placards and chanting slogans of support for President Anwar Sadat's drive for peace. While Egypt severed relations with Arab states, King Hussein of Jordan arrived in Cairo for a visit. Hussein seemed to be ready to agree to the Jordanian participation in the joint Israeli-Arab meeting in Cairo, suggested by Sadat, preparatory to the reconvening of the Geneva Peace Conference.

    1980: In Los Angeles, actor Sandy Helberg and casting director Harriet Helberg Simon Maxwell Helberg, American actor and comedian best known for his role as Howard Wolowitz in “The Big Bang.”

    1981: The Moscow Municipal Court sentenced refusnik Boris Chernobylskii “to twelve months of general regime imprisonment “for resisting the police while performing their official duties.”

    1981:Lady in the Dark” a musical with music by Kurt Weill, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and book and direction by Moss Hart had its premiere UK performance at the Nottingham Palace.

    1982(23rd of Kislev, 5743): Polish born Dutch violist Paul Godwin [Goldfein] passes away at the age of 80.

    1982(23rd of Kislev, 5743): Activist Norman Mayer threatens to blow up the Washington Monument, before being killed by United States Park Police.

    1983: U.S premiere of “Scarface” produced by Martin Bregman.

    1983: After premiering in November, “Terms of Endearment” a comedy directed, produced and written by James L. Brooks and co-starring Debra Winger was released U.S. wide today by Paramount Pictures.

    1983: “The Dresser” the movie version of the play written by Ronald Harwood who also wrote the script for the film was released today in the United Kingdom.

    1985: The funeral for 83 year old “Abraham M. Adler, “co-founder of the Hirschl and Adler art gallery are scheduled to be held today

    1987: The First Intifada began in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. (Editor’s note – such catchy names for the various waves of Arab violence.  This event falls at a time when we are tracing events of 50 years ago when there was another wave of Arab violence that resulted in the infamous White Paper that closed Palestine to Jews fleeing the Holocaust.)

    1988: “My Stepmother Is an Alien” a sci-fi comedy directed by Richard Benjamin and featuring Jon Lovitz was released today in the United States.

    1988: “Mississippi Burning” a film based on the investigation of the murder of three civil rights workers, two of whom – Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner – were Jewish featuring Stephen Tobolowsky as “Clayton Townley” was released in the United States today.

    1988: Today the major daily newspaper Yediot Ahronot published a survey indicating that 80 percent of Israelis now want President Chaim Herzog to continue urging Labor and Likud to form a new coalition. And 76 percent want that coalition to include no other partners - especially not the religious parties.

    1990: In New York, Congregation Ansche Chesed sponsors a concert by folk singer Richie Havens. The concert is a fund raiser for the building fund and is part of the synagogue's 10th annual Hanukkah Arts Festival, which also offers a bazaar of gift items and refreshments.

    1991: In a case of a Jewish critic evaluating the work of a Jewish authors and a Jewish composer, Franks Rich reviewed “Nick & Nora.”

    1993: A revival of Lerner and Loewe’s "My Fair Lady" opens at Virginia Theater New York City for the first of 165 performances

    1996(28thof Kislev, 5757): Fourth Day of Chanukah

    1996(28thof Kislev, 5757): Sixty-one year old Raphael Elkan Samuel, the Marxist and Professor of History at the University of East London who left the Communist Party when the Soviets crushed the Hungarians in 1956 passed away today.

    2001: In “Music’s Dangers and the Case For Control” published today Richard Taruskin examined “The Death of Klinghoffer” an opera which its critics, including the family of the murdered Leon Klinghoffer, distorts a brutal act of murder in which an old Jew is thrown from his wheelchair into the Mediterranean.

    200I: Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak announced he would resign and call a special election.

    2001: The New York Times book section featured books by Jewish authors and/or about subjects of Jewish interest including Collected Stories by Saul Bellow, Letters To A Young Lawyer by Alan Dershowitz and Still Alive: A Holocaust Girlhood Remembered by Ruth Kluger.

    2001: A suicide bomber exploded a powerful bomb near a bus stop at the Checkpost Junction in Haifa shortly after 7:30 AM. About 30 people were injured, most lightly and suffering from shock. A second explosive device was found and detonated nearby. The terrorist was killed.

    2002: An International Symposium entitled "Jewish identity and anti-Semitism in Central and South Eastern Europe sponsored by the Federation of Romanian Jewish Communities, the "Goldstein-Goren" Hebrew Studies Center, Bucharest University and Bucharest History Museum opened in Bucharest.

    2002: Susan “Sontag continued to theorize about the role of photography in real life in her essay "Looking at War: Photography's View of Devastation and Death", which appeared in today’s issue of The New Yorker in which she concludes that the problem of our reliance on images and especially photographic images is not that "people remember through photographs but that they remember only the photographs ... that the photographic image eclipses other forms of understanding – and remembering. ... To remember is, more and more, not to recall a story but to be able to call up a picture"

    2003:The Shin Bet captured Mahmud Amru, the sniper who murdered ten-month-old Israeli infant Shalhevet Pass and wounded her father as he blazed away at a busy playground.

    2003: For the second night in a row, The Empire State Building offered a special tribute to the 110th anniversary of the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW), when it was illuminated by the organization’s colors of blue and green. The illumination marked the founding of the Council at the Jewish Women’s Congress held at the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. The New York section of NCJW took a strong role in its early years sending volunteers to Ellis Island to look after the welfare of single Jewish women who arrived alone in the New World. Today, with 90,000 members, NCJW continues to advance Jewish values by working for social change, acting nationally to improve the quality of life for women, children, and families, and to advance individual rights and freedoms.

    2004: The first Broadway revival of “La Cage Aux Folles a musical with a book by Harvey Fierstein and lyrics and music by Jerry Herman opened at the Marquis Theatre.

    2004: Birthdate of Mile High resident Judah Ruscha.

    2005: “Chrisie Watts” played by Tracy-Ann Oberman made her final appearance today in the “BBC soap opera ‘EastEnders.’”

    2005: Sgt. Nir Kahane, 20, the military policeman who was stabbed to death by a Palestinian attacker at the Kalandia checkpoint, was buried in the Kiryat Tivon military cemetery.

    2006: Haaretzreported that Germany condemned a planned Iranian conference on the Holocaust. The German Foreign Ministry told a top Iranian official that attempts to question the Nazis' murder of Jews were "shocking and unacceptable." Foreign Ministry spokesman Jens Ploetner said "We condemn all past and future attempts of anyone who gives a platform to those who relativize or question the Holocaust. Ploetner stressed that "the German government finds all statements that question the right of Israel to exist or the Holocaust shocking and unacceptable."

    2006: The Chicago Tribunepublished an “edited” version of a “letter to the editors” describing one Jew’s view of the annual office Christmas Party, and if you read between the lines, a whole lot more.

    2006: Shuttle Discovery launches on the STS-116 mission at 8:45 P.M. Space Shuttle Discovery Commander Mark Polansky took a replica of "Refugee" with him on the shuttle's mission. Each astronaut is invited to take a few items into space. Polansky took the replica of "Refugee" and an image of a Darfurian child in a refugee camp in Chad taken by Museum staff member Jerry Fowler. “Refugee” is the name of the stuffed bear that comforted Holocaust survivor Sophie Turner-Zaretsky when she is a refugee following World War II.

    2007: The Center for Jewish History, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America present “A Legacy for the Future: Celebrating the Life and Teachings of Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel on the Centennial of His Birth 1907-2007

    2007: The Sunday New York Times book section reviews of books by Jewish authors or on topics related to Judaism or Jewish culture including The Rowing Lesson by the South African Jewish author Ann Landsman, Touch and Go: A Memoir by Studs Terkel and Bernard Malamud: A Writers Life by Philip Davis.

    2007: The Washington Post list of Best Books for Young People included Leaves by David Ezra Stein.

    2007(29th of Kislev, 5768): In Little Rock, AR, Harvey Luber, a man whose talents, gifts and accomplishments are too numerous to mention is laid to rest. To say he was a pillar of the Jewish community, a teacher, a photographer, a first class raconteur and lifelong learner as well as a proud father and great Zeda does not even begin to capture the essence of the man. To say that he was a friend to all both great and small regardless of rank or status says much about the basic decency of the man. If one were to write more in this vein, it would cause Harvey to laugh all the more. Suffice it to say that God apparently was in need of a great photographer, a memorable laugh and sage if slightly twisted discussion on matters of Judaica and only Harvey could give Him all that and more in one soul. He will me be missed and never forgotten.

    2007: “Bagels & Barbeque: The Jewish Experience” opens at The Tennessee State Museum in Nashville. Bagels & Barbeque: The Jewish Experience in Tennessee is a joint project of the Tennessee State Museum in collaboration with the Jewish Federation of Nashville and Middle Tennessee, Jewish Community Federation of Greater Chattanooga, Knoxville Jewish Alliance, and Memphis Jewish Federation, with the participation of other Jewish communities around the state. The exhibit’s statewide tour is supported in part by a grant from Humanities Tennessee, an independent affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

    2007: Funeral services for Harvey David Luber, of blessed memory were held in Little Rock, AR this afternoon.

    2008: Police provided the name of the 10 Pakistani terrorists who attacked various targets in Mubain last month including the Chabad House.

    2008: At Adas Israel, a three day conference entitled "Zionism, Israel and Human Rights" with Avram Burg, author and former Speaker of the Knesset and Sari Nusseibeh, President of Al Quds University moderated by Kathleen Peratis, Board Member Emeriti of Human Rights Watch comes to an end.

    2008 (12 Kislev): Yahrzeit of Solomon Schechter.

    2009: Rabbi Addin Steinsaltz is scheduled to produce tractate Niddah, which deals with the laws that a married woman must adhere to during menstruation.

    2009: The 20th Washington Jewish Film Festival includes a screening of “Divided We Fall,” which tells the story of a childless couple living in a small Czech village during World War II who hide their former neighbor, a young Jewish man who has managed to escape from the death camps after losing his entire family. “The couple must suddenly become pregnant in order to prevent a Nazi official from moving into the apartment and discovering their secret boarder…who begins to play an important part in the charade.”

    2009: The 24th Annual New York Israeli Film Festival includes a screening of “Legends in the Dunes,” Ya’akov Gross’ new documentary prepared in honor of the 100th anniversary of the founding of Tel Aviv that follows the development of the building of the new city across from the ancient city of Yaffo.

    2009(22nd of Kislev, 5770): Gene Barry passed away. Born Eugene Klass in 1919, he enjoyed successful career performing on the stage, in films and on several successful television series. His marriage to Betty Kalb lasted 58 years, making him a success in his personal as well as professional life.

    2010: “Tango, A Story With Jews” is scheduled to make its Mid-Atlantic Premiere at the 21st Washington Jewish Film Festival. The film highlights the role played by Russian musicians who fled to Buenos Aires in the 19th century in creating this icon of Argentine culture.

    2010: Funeral services for Dr. Samuel I Mintz, the husband of the former Eleanor Streichler, English Professor and WW II veteran are scheduled to take place in Hackensack, NJ.

    2010: The YIVO is scheduled to present a program entitled "This Theatre is a Battlefield: How Antifascist and Zionist Performance Forged a New Jewish- American Identity, 1939-1948.”
    The program is scheduled to “focus on some of the key stage and screen artists who rallied American support for the Jews of Europe and Palestine in the 1940s. Through these struggles, Paul Muni, Edward G. Robinson, John Garfield, Ben Hecht, and Kurt Weill consistently stood at the vanguard of a Jewish-American ‘Cultural Front.’”

    2010(2nd of Tevet, 5711): Eighth Day of Chanukah

    2010(2ndof Tevet, 5711): Ninety-nine year old Brooklyn born violin prodigy and Syracuse University basketball player who co-founded the Famous Artists Broadway Theater Series passed away today.

    2010(2nd of Tevet, 5711): Dov Shilansky, Holocaust survivor and former speaker of the Knesset passed away at the age of 86.

    2011: “Yoo-Hoo, Mrs. Goldberg” is one of three films being screened today at the 22nd Washington Jewish Film Festival.

    2011: Craig Breslow was part of a multi-player trade that sent him from the Athletics to the Diamondbacks.

    2011: As part of the Scholars in Residence Weekend at Touro Synagogue in New Orleans, Dr. Ethan Bueno de Mesquita, a professor in the Harris School of Public Policy Studies at the University of Chicago is scheduled to address the issues of terrorism, counter-terrorism and religion.

    2011: Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is scheduled to host one of its ever-popular Musical Shabbats.

    2011: Gaza militants launched several rockets toward Israel's south today, hours after an Israeli air strike in central Gaza killed a Palestinian militant planning a terrorist attack on the Egypt border. A Grad-type rocket exploded in an open field near the southern city of Be'er Sheva, with another Qassam landing in an open field in the Sdot Negev Regional Council. No injuries or damages were reported in either incident.

    2011: Thousands of Israelis marched in Tel Aviv today to mark International Human Rights Day. 2012(25th of Kislev, 5773): Chanukah

    2012(25th of Kislev, 5773): Eighty-five year old “Charles Rosen, the pianist, polymath and author whose National Book Award-winning volume The Classical Style illuminated the enduring language of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven” passed away today.  (As reported by Margalit Fox)

    2012: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Sasha and Emma: The Anarchist Odyssey of Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman by Paul Avrich and Karen Avrich

    2012:Bein Hashmashot (Between the Suns), the official youth choir of Beit Shemesh, is scheduled to perform the JCC of Northern Virginia.

    2012: The Sephardic Musical Festival is scheduled to continue tonight with “Sephardic Story Slam” at Lolita Bar in NYC.

    2012: Chabad of North Dakota led by Rabbi Yonah Grossman is scheduled to host a public menorah lighting complete with Latkes and Sufganyot (Is there any place where the lamplighters of Lubavitch are not to be found?)

    2012: In Cedar Rapids, Brian Cohen, champion Shofar Blower, shows that he is a “man for all festivals” as he leads his latke flipping team in preparing the potato delights for Temple Judah’s annual Chanukah Dinner.

    2012: Israel should define its borders, even if this means doing so unilaterally, and separate from the Palestinians, former IDF chief of General Staff Gabi Ashkenazi said today.

    2012: “The Gatekeepers,” a film by Israeli director Dror Moreh, was named best documentary today by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association, whose prizes are among a flurry of year-end honors that help sort out the Academy Awards race. The French-language drama “Amour” was chosen as the year’s best film.

    2012: Agovernment proposal to allow 1,300 haredi yeshiva students to enlist in the civilian service program instead of serving in the military was approved today but was greeted with widespread outrage from IDF draft reform advocates.

    2012: The Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to open tonight in Israel’s capital city.

    2012:Yoram Marciano re-entered the Knesset.

    2013: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present a roundtable discussion “French and Jewish: Defining a Modern Jewish Identity in the 19th Century.”

    2013: “Trembling Before G-d” is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival.

    2013: On the advice of his doctor “nonagenarian President Shimon Peres” will not be traveling to South Africa to attend Nelson Mendela’s funeral which Israel will be represented by Knesset Speark Yuli Edelstein.

    2013: The trial of five former employees of the great goniff Bernie Madoff resumes today.

    2013: In a rare instances of unanimous agreement “Both Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and senior Palestinian spokesmen doused any optimism today that the US-led Israeli- Palestinian talks were on the verge of a breakthrough. (As reported by Herb Keinon)

    2013: Israel, Jordan, and the Palestinian Authority were set today to ink an agreement to build a long-anticipated pipeline from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea, part of an initiative that would produce millions of cubic meters of drinking water for the parched region and slake the critically dwindling Dead Sea (As reported by Stuart Winer)

    2013: Anat Hoffman, Executive Director of the Israeli Religious Action Center is scheduled to deliver a talk entitled Between the Stones and a Hard Place: The Challenge to Gender Equity & Pluralism in Israel at the Lawrence Family JCC. 

    2103: Peter Shurman announced that he would resign as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario representing the riding of Thornhill effective at the end of the year.

    2014: LBI is scheduled to present “Fighting for Kaiser and Fatherland” German-Jewish Soldiers and the Quest for Integration, 1914-1935”

    2014(17th of Kislev, 5775): Ninety year old landscape painter Jane Freilicher passed away today.

    2014(17th of Kislev, 5775): Seventy year old Russian violinist Lydia Mordkovitch passed away today in London.

    2014: Kirk Douglas, “the son of an immigrant Russian Jewish ragman marked his birthday today by celebrating the launch of his 11th book.

    2014: A group calling itself "Guardians of Peace" hacked into Sony's computer system – a hack which would eventually lead to the dismissal of Amy Pascal as the Chairperson of the Motion Pictures Group of Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE) and Co-Chairperson of SPE, including Sony Pictures Television.

    2014: “Zero Motivation, a zany, dark comedic portrait of everyday life for a unit of young, female Israeli soldiers” is scheduled to be shown at the Washington Jewish Film Festival

    2014: “French police arrested five men suspected of making threats online to attack a synagogue.”

    2014: While praying at Chabad-Lubavitch world headquarters in Brooklyn twenty-two year old Levi Rosenviat, an Israeli man studying for the rabbinate in New York was stabbed by Calvin Peters who entered the Chabad building shouting “I will kill the Jew! I want to kill the Jew!” (JTA)

    2014; “Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon said today that there appeared to be a lull in the recent wave of terror attacks in the West Bank and Jerusalem, but added that it was far from certain that the calm would continue.

    2015: The American Jewish Historical Society in collaboration with Moscow Museum is scheduled to present the documentary film "Alyad" about the Refusenik Movement.

    2015: In his criticism of Education Minister Naftali Bennett, Chief Rabbi David Lau said that the Conservative of Masorti movement “distances Jews from the path of the Jewish people” – a distancing that does not include avoiding soliciting funds from Conservative Jews.

    2016: In Haifa, the a-Sham Arab Food Festival “in which 45 leading chefs from the Arab (Muslim, Christian and Druze) and Jewish sectors have showcased the culinary treasures of the region passed down through generations, but with modern twists” is scheduled to come to an end today.

    2016: “Jackie” with Natalie Portman starring in the title role is scheduled to be released in the United States today.

    2016: “On the Map” a film that “tells the against-all-odds story of Maccabi Tel Aviv’s 1977 European Championship, which took place at a time when the Middle East was still reeling from the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the 1972 Olympic massacre at Munich, and the 1976 hijacking of an Air France flight from Tel Aviv” is scheduled to open at the Cinema Village.

    2016: In Memphis, TN, a Ruach Preneg Concert is scheduled to kick-off the observance of Shabbat.

    2016: Actor, director, producer, author, philanthropist and most surprising of all Torah Student, Kirk Douglas is scheduled to celebrate his 100th birthday today.

    2017(21stof Kislev, 5778): Parashat Va-yeishev; for more see

    2017: Kirk Douglas is scheduled to observe his 101st birthday.

    2017: One hundredth anniversary of the British capture of Jerusalem during WW I.

    2017: Attendees at the URK Biennial are preparing to deal with the first major winter snow storm scheduled to strike Boston as they observe Shabbat.

    2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Rabbi Eugene Borowitz whose works included The Mask Jews Wear and Liberal Judaism continues today.

    2018(1stof Tevet, 5779): Rosh Chodesh Tevet; 7th day of Chanukah

    2018: The Lior Milliger Quartet led by saxophone player Lior Milliger whose “music is influenced by traditional jazz as well as ancient Jewish music and Israeli folklore” is scheduled to appear at the Cornelia Street Café.

    2018: “The Jewish Federation of Greater Des Moines, the Iowa Jewish Historical Society, and the United Nations Association of Iowa” are scheduled to host Dr. Emile Schrijver, the Director of the Amsterdam Jewish Museum as he lectures on “Amsterdam’s Jewish Golden Age.”

    2018: In Amherst, MA, the Yiddish Book Center is scheduled to host a screening of a newly restored prinf of “Der Dibuk” (The Dybbuk)

    2018: In Washington, DC, Adas Isreal is scheduled to host the annual meeting of the “Lillian and Albert Small Capital Jewish Museum.”

    2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education is scheduled to a performance of “Everyday Things” – “a play weaving Survivor testimonies and treasured objects from Stories of Survival.

    2018: In Chevy Chase, MD, Ohr Kodesh is scheduled to host “The 5th Annual Dreidels and Drink” featuring everything from latkes to “dreidel drinking games.”

    2018: The New York Times published reviews by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Life of Saul Bellow: Love and Strife, 1965-2005 by Zachary Leader and The Politics of Petulance: America in an Age of Immaturity by Alan Wolfe




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    December 10

    1475: Seventy eight year old Italian artist Paolo Uccello passed away. Like many artists of his time, Uccello produced what today would be called anti-Semitic art.  Among his works was “Miracle of the Host”

    1508: The League of Cambrai is formed by Pope Julius II, Louis XII of France, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Ferdinand II of Aragon as an alliance against Venice. From a Jewish point of view, this item presents a mixed bag. Ferdinand ruled over a kingdom that had expelled its Jews and was home to the inquisition. But Pope Julius employed a Jewish physician, Samuel Sarfatti and practiced a policy of “benign neglect” when it came to dealing with the Jewish people. While Venice had enacted its share of ant-Jewish laws (and in 1516 would create the first Ghetto), it was a better place for Jews to settle than other parts of Europe. This is attested to by the fact that many of the Sephardim who had been expelled from Spain made their new home in the city of canals, including Isaac Abravanel.

    1520: Martin Luther, who would condemn the “inhuman treatment of the Jews” in 1523 before turning anti-Semite in 1536, to responded to the Papal Bull of excommunication by burning it (Exurge Domine) “along with the book of church law and many other books by his enemies in Wittenberg” at a spot now known as the Luther Oak.

    1768: Birthdate of “Christian Orientalist and theologian Ernst Friedrich Karl Rosenmuller” who among other things “brought out a pocket edition of the Hebrew Bible in 1822.”

    1675: A German Jew, Alexander Polak, became a citizen of The Hauge. He was the progenitor of the Polak Daniels family, and gave the congregation a cemetery in 1697.

    1773(25th of Kislev, 5534): Chanukah

    1774: After just a little over three months of Austrian rule, General Gabriel Freiherr von Spleny reported on the conditions at Czernowitz including a description of the Jewish population whose presence in the city dated back to the 15th century during the reign of Moldavian Prince Alexander the Good.

    1776: Birthdate of Abraham Mendelssohn, the son of Moses Mendelssohn and the father of Felix and Fanny Mendelssohn. A successful banker, he would change his name to Abraham Ernst Mendelssohn Bartholdy and change his religion to Christianity. "Once I was the son of a famous father, now I am the father of a famous son."

    1803(25th of Kislev, 5564): Chanukah

    1804: Birthdate of German mathematician Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi. Jacobi was the German mathematician who, with the independent work of Niels Henrik Abel of Norway, founded the theory of elliptic functions. He also worked on Abelian functions and discovered the hyperelliptic functions. Jacobi applied his work in elliptic functions to number theory. He also investigated mathematical analysis and geometry. Jacobi carried out important research in partial differential equations of the first order and applied them to the differential equations of dynamics. His work on determinants is important in dynamics and quantum mechanics and he studied the functional determinant now called the Jacobian. He passed away in 1851.

    1806: Aharon ben Yevzlah Hollander married Esther bat Zemel at the Great Synagogue today.

    1807: In Bavaria, “Lob Moses Mack and Henriette Samuel Mack” gave birth to Moses Loeb Mack

    1814: Birthdate of Sebastian Brunner, the Benedictine trained priest who was one of a group of authors including Anton E. von Roasa, Count Ferdinand Schirnding and Albert Wiesinger and who launched a libel case against Ignaz Kuranda and Heinrich Graetz.

    1816: Birthdate of Dr. Albert Lowey, the rabbi who led the West London Synagogue of British Jews, the “first reform synagogue in England.”

    1817: Mississippi was admitted to the union as the 20th state. The Jewish community in Mississippi dates back to the 1840’s. There are Jewish houses of worship and cemeteries dotted in many towns across the state including Jackson, the state capital, Greenwood and Vicksburg. The Museum of the Southern Jewish Experience (MSJE) is located in Utica, Mississippi. Utica is also the home to Henry S. Jacobs Camp, the summer destination for thousands of southern Jewish youngsters in the last forty years. The Mississippi Jewish community has produced several prominent individuals including Shelby Foote and Rabbi Fred Davidow.

    1818: Alexander Barnet Gompertz, the son of Barent Solomon Gompertz and the former Miriam Keyser got married today in London.

    1826 (10 Kislev 5587): Rabbi Dovber of Lubavitch was released from prison after being arrested the week after Sukkot on slander charges.

    1836: Emory College was chartered in Oxford, Georgia. Today Emory University is located in Atlanta, Georgia. One third of the undergraduate student body is Jewish and in 2005 Hillel received a three million dollar grant to upgrade its services and facilities on campus. The university offers a two year graduate degree in Jewish Studies.

    1848: Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte won a four-way race and was elected President of France today which led Michael Goudchaux to withdraw his support of the government.

    1850: Judah Leib "Leopold" Löw was installed as the rabbi at Szeged, Hungary

    1851: At Friedland, Germany Miriam Lessler and Wolf Schreier gave birth to Eugene Schreier who was married Martha Kasprowicz and who was the “first president of the reorganized Congregation Jeshuat Israel” for which he procured a charter from the State of Rhode Island in 1894.

    1854: In Berlin tax-collector Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Henrici and his wife Wilhelmine gave birth to Carl Ernst Julius Henrici the anti-Semitic leader who founded the Social Nazi Party in 1881

    1855(1st of Tevet, 5616): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    1855: Birthdate of Mrs. James (Selina) Levi. The Dubuque native was the daughter of the founder of Iowa Jewry and one time held the record for being the oldest Jewish woman born in the Hawkeye State.

    1858: The Executive Committee of the Representatives of the United Congregations of Israelites of the City of New York sent a letter to President James Buchanan which described a public meeting held on December 4 in which Jews and non-Jews gathered to demand the return of Edgardo Mortara to his parents. Those attending the meeting also petitioned the President to join with the several European nations who were protesting the kidnapping of the youngster by representatives of the Pope. This letter was a follow-up to a communication sent by the same group on November 20, 1858.

    1858: Caleb Lyon delivered his second lecture on The Holy Land under the auspices of the Mercantile Library Association at Clinton Hall this evening. His lecture included a description of the mountains of Moab, the Dead Sea and “the silvery Jordan River.” He described his trip to Jerusalem which he said was populated by six thousand Jews as well as a visit to the Siloam Springs, the Wailing Wall and attendance at a Jewish wedding.

    1861: An article entitled “Sold by a Jew Peddler” reported that John H. Bornisky had filed a complaint before Judge Osborne claiming that a Jewish peddler name August Seligman had sold to him seven pieces of linen, for the sum of $38 50. The sale was made by sample, and the complainant had paid the money upon the promise of Seligman to deliver the goods immediately. Since the goods were not delivered Seligman was arrested and held because bail had not been posted.

    1861: Rabbi Arnold Fischel arrived in Washington, D.C. this evening. He hopes to meet with government leaders including President Lincoln in an attempt to change the law so that Jews can serve as chaplains with the Union Army.

    1861: Moses Grinnell wrote a letter of introduction to President Lincoln on behalf of Rabbi Arnold Fischel.

    “Sir, permit me to present to you Rev .Dr. Fischell of this city who visits Washington as a delegate from the Board of Delegates of American Israelites, having been selected as chaplain to the Jews of the army around Washington estimated at about 8000. Dr. Fischell is of high literary abilities and greatly esteemed by distinguished men of all religious denominations. Believe me, etc.”

    1864: Sherman’s Union Army reaches Savannah in what history will call “Sherman’s March to the Sea.” Among those with Sherman was Major General Frederick Knefler. The native of Hungary was the highest ranking Jewish officer in the Union Army. He was commander of the 79th Indiana regiment before he was promoted to brigadier general for his performance at the Battle of Chickamauga and then to major general during his service with Sherman on his march through Georgia.

    1864: While serving with Company A, of the 65thRegiment-Fifth Cavalry, Max Armhold was taken prisoner and held until the following April when the Confederates surrendered to the Union.

    1864: While the Union forces were besieging the Army of Northern Virginia, Abraham Schloss of Company E, 65th Regiment-Fifth Cavalry was wounded at Richmond.

    1865: The reign of Leopold I, the first King of the Belgians, who was friendly enough with the Rothschilds to have stayed with Carl von Rothschild at his villa in Naples came to an end today.

    1869: Ellen Cohen, the daughter of Louis Cohen and Samuel Montagu, 1st Baron Swaythling gave birth Louis Samuel Montague, the 2ndBaron of Sawyling, “the merchant banker and communal leaders who “in 1911 became the first professing Jew to inherit a peerage and a seat in the House of Lords..

    1869(6th of Tevet, 5630): Fifty-four year old Rabbi Maier Zipser passed away at Rohonc.

    1870: It was reported today that ground has been broken for a new synagogue located at Lexington and 55th in Manhattan. Henry Fernbach who was the architect for the 34th and 44th street synagogues as well as one of the architects who worked on Temple Emmanuel, designed this building which he estimates will cost $180,000, [Today this synagogue is the Central Synagogue which was formed from the merger in 1898 of Shar HaShomayim (meaning Gate of Heaven), founded in 1839 by German Jews, and Ahawath Chesed (meaning Love of Mercy), founded in 1846 by Bohemian Jews. Its name was changed to Central Synagogue in 1920 symbolizing not only its location, but also its change to Reform Judaism.”]

    1870(16th of Kislev, 5631): Parashat Vayishlach

    1870(16th of Kislev, 5631): Russian born author Joseph Schonhak, whose leading worked was Toledot ha-Arez passed away today.

    1871: In Leipzig, Henriette Goldschmidt “founded the Association for Family and Popular Education (Verein für Familien- und Volkserziehung) today.

    1871: It was reported today that the Jewish Messenger has a published “a very discriminating criticism on the character of Shylock as a representative of the Hebrew nation.” According to the Messenger, “as an embodiment of the Jewish people Shylock stands forth strong in his love of religion, family and neighbors but impotent to remonstrate against injustice or to resent it.”

    1873: Philadelphian and veteran of the Union Army Myer Asch was elected Commander of the George G. Meade Post, Number 1 of the Grand Army of the Republic today.

    1874: During today’s meeting of the Board of Alderman in New York, a resolution authorizing the Hebrew Benevolent Orphan Society to sub-let the property they obtained from the City was referred to the Committee on Law.

    1875: Birthdate of Russian native Benjamin Duberstein who owned the Dayton (Ohio) Mineral Water Company and was named as a defendant in 1917 “infringement of trade-mark suit” brought by the Coca-Cola Company against him and several defendans.

    1875: Today’s session of the Hebrew Charity Fair which closed at 4 o’clock because of erev Shabbat raised $1,155.65.

    1876(24th of Kislev, 5637): In the evening, kindle the first Chanukah light.

    1876: Birthdate of Baltimore native Ernest Wise Keyeser, who like his uncle Ephraim Keyser was a sculptor who was a member of the “National Sculpture Society” and whose work include a statute of Sir Galahad.

    1876: It was reported today that the Purim Association will manage the upcoming Hebrew Charity Ball which is fund raiser for the United Hebrew Charities.

    1876: It was reported today that New York’s Hebrew Free School Association is serving 580 students and that the association’s President has announced that additional efforts will be made to provide more facilities for the youngsters.

    1876: Rabbi Lukskar officiated at the funeral of 27 year old Abraham Stettaner (sp) at the Cypress Hills Cemetery. He was one of the victims of the Brooklyn Theatre Fire.

    1879: The New York Times publishes a lengthy article about the history of Chanukah which begins with the erroneous statement, “The Jewish feast called Chanukah or the Feast of Dedication will be honored by the adherents of the ancient faith on the 16th.” On the evening of December 16th, Jews will be lighting the 8th candle

    1879(25th of Kislev, 5640): First Day of Chanukah

    1880: It was reported today that a fundraiser is to be held to benefit the 44th Street Synagogue.

    1881: It was reported today that the Young Men’s Hebrew Association is planning on hosting a ball in celebration of Chanukah at the Academy of Music that will feature several tableaus depicting events in Jewish history.

    1881: In Brooklyn, the fair sponsored by Temple Israel which opened on November 30 is scheduled to close this evening.

    1882: The annual meeting of the Hebrew Free School Associations is scheduled to take place at ten o’clock this morning in Manhattan.

    1882: Four days after she had passed away, Adele (Fermi) Foa, the wife of Octave Foa, with she had had six children, was married today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1882: It was reported today that Alfred Steckler has obtained an injunction preventing the police from arresting several Jewish shopkeepers and workers for violating the Sunday Closing Laws.  The injunctions were based on Section 264 of the Penal Code which permits people to work on the first day of the week if they “uniformly keep another day of the week as holy time” and that their labor does not disturb those “observing the first day of the week as holy time.”  (In our world where everything it is 24-7-365 it seems hard to remember that Sunday Closing Laws were the norm and vestiges of them still exist such as the prohibition on buying and selling vehicles in Iowa on Sunday.)

    1882: Birthdate Austrian-born British philosopher Otto Neurath. The Marxist radical and refugee from Hitler’s Europe passed away in 1945.

    1882: It was reported today that the Jews are one of only “religious sects” (the others being Catholics, Episcopalian and Presbyterians) who have founded one or more hospitals in New York City.

    1882: It was reported today that that the Prefect of Police has ordered the expulsion of all Jews “residing within the boundaries of St. Petersburg without official permission.”

    1883: Birthdate of Shakhne Epstein the native of Vilna who came from a long line of “distinguished rabbis and maskilim.”

    1884: It was reported today that the state of Connecticut has had a law on the books “designed to exempt Jews and Seventh Day Baptists who conscientiously observed Saturday as a day of religious worship from the penalties apply to a violation of Sunday laws.

    1884(22nd of Kislev, 5645): Abraham Placzek, the chief rabbi of Moravia, passed away today.

    1887: In “Shemele, Russia (Belarus), “Ya’acov Abraham Davidowitz” and “Taube Hinda Schwartzman” gave birth to Harry Hirsch Davidowitz, the Columbia and JTS trained rabbi “severely wounded by shrapnel” while serving in France during World War I as the chaplain of the 78thDivision and who was the husband of Ida Chaya Bloom with who he had one son and two daughters.

    1888: “He Wants To Be A Boss” published today described moves by Ernst Nathan to take control of “the Republican machine in Kings County (NY)” by asserting his role to dispense patronage following the election of Benjamin Harrison to the Presidency of the United States.

    1889: In Brooklyn, founding of Congregation Mikro Kodesh Anshey Klodower which was served by Rabbi S.L. Westman and President Jonas Cohn.

    1889: In the U.K. Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading, and Alice Edith Cohen gave birth to Gerald Rufus Isaacs, 2nd Marquess of Reading the WW I veteran, British barrister and MP who was the son-in-law of Alfred Moritz Mond and the father-in-law of Solly Zuckerman.

    1889: It was reported today that the Montefiore Home Fair of 1887 which raised $158,000 was the most successful fundraiser sponsored by the Jewish community to date.

    1889: It was reported today that this year’s Hebrew Educational Fair is being sponsored by the Hebrew Free School Association, the Aguilar Free Library and the Young Men’s Hebrew Association. Funds raised during this two long event will go the Hebrew Institute.

    1890: In London, The Lord Mayor presided over a meeting at the Guildhall today “to consider the condtion of the Jews in Russia and to take action to secure some alleviation of their distress.”

    1890: A benefit performance of the play “Ein Konigreich um ein Kind” presented by Amberg’s company “for the benefit of the building fund of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Orphan Asylum” will take place tonight at New York’s Lexington Avenue Opera House.

    1890: The forty-piece juvenile orchestra of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum performed at the Teacher’s Bazaar, an event designed to raise funds for teachers’ pensions.

    1890: In New York the State Senate Committee on Finance whose members included Jacob Cantor met today to “consider what disposition should be made of the 121 acres of land on Ward’s Island” which had been the entry point for untold thousands of immigrants including Jews from Russia and Poland.

    1890: In New York, William Lesser who was accompanied by Jacob Finkelstone of the United Hebrew Charities Organization, identified the corpse of Maximillian Laski just before it was about to be dissected in the amphitheater of the University Medical School

    1891: Two days after shad had passed away, 80 year old Barbara Cohen, the wife of I.M. Cohen and mother of “Meyer, Mina and Alida Cohen” was buried today at the “Stockton Jewish Cemetery.”

    1891: Birthdate of Nelly Sachs. Born in Berlin, Sachs was a German poet and dramatist who was transformed by the Nazi experience from a dilettante into a poignant spokesperson for the grief and yearnings of her fellow Jews. Sachs found sanctuary in Sweden in 1940. When, with Shmuel Yosef Agnon, she was awarded the 1966 Nobel Prize for Literature, she observed that Agnon represented Israel whereas "I represent the tragedy of the Jewish people." She passed away in 1970 and was buried in Sweden.

    1891: Sixty-three year old Abraham Kuenen, “a Dutch Protestant theologian” who specialized in the Hebrew Bible including as can be seen by his text on the Hexateuch” passed away today at Leiden.

    1891: “Our Foreign Relations” published today noted that President Harrison’s “references to the persecution and expulsion of the Russian Jews are just and temperate.” The President showed a “practical as well as a humane and sympathetic interest in persuading” to “abate her cruelties” when dealing with the Jews.

    1892: Lucius Weinschenk, a member of the firm of Bryan, Weinschenk & Hirschel and prominent member of the Chicago Jewish country fled the United States “leaving a shortage in his accounts…of about $20,000.”

    1893: Professor Felix Adler delivered an address at Carnegie Hall this morning on the teachings of Jesus Christ which began with a comparison between Jesus and “the older prophets of Israel.”

    1893: Rabbi Gustav Gottheil delivered a sermon this morning at Temple Emanu-El on “Who Are the Enemies of Judaism?”

    1894: “Cheap Loans A Success” published today described the activity of the Provident Society, which had been established to lend money to the needy at a rate far below of the pawnshops whose founders included August Belmont and Jacob Schiff, had made half of its loans to Jews with the rest going mostly to “Americans and Germans.”

    1895: Today, twenty-four women organized the Tri-City Section of the National Council of Women which included Davenport Port, Iowa, Rock Island, Illinois and Moline, Illinois.

    1895: Large crowds visited all of the booths and displays at the Hebrew Fair in New York City. Isaacs S. Isaacs is editor in chief of the Fair Journal. Rebecca Kohut is the business manager of the Fair Journal.

    1896: A secretary for President-elect William McKinley wrote a letter to Rabbi Emanuel Schwab in response to one that Rabbi Schwab had sent to him congratulating McKinley on his election and telling the former Civil War major that he had voted for him.

    1897: Two days after she had passed away, 42 year old Rosie (Levy) Sampson, the wife of Nathan Sampson with whom she had had eleven children was buried today at the “Plashet Jewish Cemetery” in London.

    1897(15th of Kislev, 5658): Charles Louis Fleischmann passed away. Born in 1835, he “was an innovative manufacturer of yeast and other consumer food products during the 19th Century. In the late 1860s, he and his brother Maximilian created America’s first commercially produced yeast, which revolutionized baking in a way that made today’s mass production and consumption of bread possible.”

    1898(26 of Kislev, 5659): Shabbat shel Chanukah; Parashat Vayeshev

    1898(26th of Kislev, 5659): Seventy-three year old Josef Pick, “the son of Markus and Elisabeth Sara Pick” and the “husband of Eleanor Pick” passed away today in Vienna.

    1898: The Treaty of Paris is signed, officially ending the Spanish-American War. Following the war, a number of Jewish veterans settled in Cuba. By 1904, they were able to establish a synagogue in Havana.

    1899: The National Jewish Hospital for Treatment of Consumptives opened today in Denver, Colorado.

    1901: The first Nobel Prizes were awarded. In 1905, Adolph von Baeyer, a German chemist, became the first Jew to win a Nobel Prize. He won it in Chemistry for his work in synthesizing dye indigo.

    1903: “The Early and the Girl” a two-act musical comedy for which Jerome Kern would write the song “How’d you like to spoon with me?” opened at the Adelphi Theatre in London.

    1903(21st of Kislev, 5664): Fifty-three year old Baron Arthur de Rothschild, a member of the French branch of the famous banking family who collected stamps, was an active yachtsman and who bequeathed part of his art collection to the Louvre passed away today in Monte Carlo.

    1904: In New York City, Eugene E. Sperry and Rosalie Stanton Bloomingdale gave birth to Josephine Bloomingdale Sperry.

    1905: The Jews of Manchester, England called for a meeting to publicly protest the treatment of Russian Jews as typified by the Kishinev Pogroms.

    1905: “Five hundred Jews who fled from Russia because of the massacres arrived” in New York today aboard two separate steamships and are awaiting approval from the immigration authorities to enter the United States.

    1905: The Janitors’ Society held a meeting at the Educational Alliance auditorium tonight and “took up a collection for the relief of the Jews sufferers in Russia.”

    1905: It was reported today that $1,111,183 has been contributed to the fund for the Jews suffering from the Massacres in Russia including $100 from I. Gothstein of Muscatine, Iowa, $500 from G.A. Efroymson of Indianapolis, Indiana, $1,547.84 from Leo K. Steiner of Birmingham, Alabama and $100.50 from Herman J. Nathanson of Virginia, Minnesota.

    1906: Albert Lowey, the retired Rabbi of the West London Synagogue of British Jews, “the first reform synagogue in England” celebrated his 90th birthday today “in the full possession of his mental faculties.”

    1906: U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize. Roosevelt never intended to keep the money that was part of the prize. Finally, in 1918, he was able to donate the money to a variety of charities. Among those receiving funds was the Jewish Welfare Board, which received $4,000 for War Activities. The funds were to be handled by the treasurer, Mr. Walter E. Sachs.

    1907: Birthdate of Michael Blankfort, the New York native who gained fame as the author and screenwriter who converted his novel The Juggler into of the earliest Holocaust movies, “The Juggler” and who risked his career to see to it that the Blacklisted Albert Maltz was able to continue his career as a screenwriter.

    1908: The trial of San Francisco political boss Abe Reuf ended today “with a verdict of guilty and the maximum sentence for bribery—14 years in San Quentin.”

    1909(27th of Kislev, 5670): Mrs. Rose Samuelsohn passed away today.

    1909: Bessie Ida Ginsberg married Jesse Lasky, the co-founder of Paramount Pictures.

    1910(9th of Kislev, 5671): Seventy-seven year old Michael Friedländer passed away.  Born in Posen, and educated in Germany, he moved to England in 1865 when he back principal of Jews’ College in London, a position he held until three years before his death.  His English translation of Maiimonides’ Guide to the Perplexed is considered to be a classic.  He was the father-in-law of Moses Gaster.

    1910: German-Jewish author and translator Paul Johann Ludwig von Heyse was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

    1910: Sir Edward Grey, the man who signed the Sykes-Picot Agreement which has had such a significant impact on the Middle East and Israel, began servicing as Secretary of State For Foreign Affairs.

    1910 Birthdate of historian Jack D. Foner. (As reported by William H. Honan)

    1911: The Emperor appointed Dr. Desiderius Markus as Judge of the Royal Curia, “the highest Court of Justice in Hungary.”

    1912(30th of Kislev, 5673): Rosh Chodesh Tevet and 6th day of Chanukah

    1912(30th of Kislev, 5673): Thirty-eight year old Harry Milton Samson, the husband of Sarah C. Samson, “the son of Lena Samson and the brother of E.J. Samson and Mrs. Victor J. Lowenthal” passed away today.

    1912: Isidor Schuman married Ida Schiff today at the Ashland Club House today.

    1912: Funeral services are scheduled to be held at the Rosehill Chapel today for the mother of Mrs. J.S. Kimmelstiel, Yetta Ballenberg who passed away “in her 91st year.”

    1913: “In the Richmond Hill section of Queens, NY, a Viennese born real estate agent and his Russian born wife gave birth to composer Morton Gould.

    1913: In London, Charles Rothschild and his wife, Hungarian baroness Rozsika Edle von Wertheimstein, daughter of Baron Alfred von Wertheimstein of Transylvania gave birth to Kathleen Annie Pannonica Rothschild “a British-born jazz patroness and writer.”

    1914: Under the caption “The Kaiser’s American Agents,” The Times of Londonprinted a letter from Israel Zangwill in which he wrote “I should add that since receiving Sir Edward Grey’s assurance that England’s sympathies lay with the emancipation of the Russian Jews I have had a number of applications from Jews – Rumanian and English as well as Russian Jews living outside of Russia – anxious to enlist in the Jewish Territorial Organization under the idea that is a branch of the British Army.” (Gray was the British Foreign Minister who is credited with the lines as he walked out of his ministry on the evening that Britain declared war on Germany – "The lamps are going out all over Europe, we shall not see them lit again in our life-time.”

    1915: Moise Cohen of Constantinople was appointed professor of finance at Ottoman University.

    1916: Sir Edward Grey, who in 1914 when asked by MP Herbert Samuel “about a homeland for the Jewish people” replied “that the idea had always had a strong sentimental appeal to him and he would be prepared to work for if the opportunity arose” completed his 11 years of services Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

    1916: Alfred Mond began serving as First Commissioner of Works under Prime Minister David Lloyd George.

    1917(25th of Kislev, 5678): First Day of Chanukah

    1917: Four days after he had passed away, 76 year old Isaac Henry Samuel was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

    1917: Sydney L. Nyburg of Baltimore, MD, the author of the Chosen People is scheduled to speak at this afternoon’s meeting of the Council of Jewish Women at Chicago’s Sinai Temple.

    1917: Today, “Andrew Bonar Law, Chancellor of the Exchequer, announced in the House of Commons today that Jerusalem after being surrounded on all sides by British troops, had surrendered and that British, French and Mohammedan representatives were on the way to Jerusalem to safeguard the holy places.”

    1917: “There was an outburst of applause which lasted for several minutes” today at the gathering of those leaders working to raise the five million dollar fund for Jewish war relief and welfare work in the Army and Navy when Henry Morgenthau talked about the “recapture of Jerusalem from the Turks” saying that “We ought to be particularly happy today, for apart from all political considerations the capture of Jerusalem by the English is a momentous occasion in the history of the Jews.

    1917: As of today the team contributions made to the fund for the Jewish War Relief and Welfare Work in the Army and Navy included $231,888.00 from Mortimer L. Schiff’s Team 22,  $179.026.00 from H.D. Rosen’s Team 18, $177,483.70 from William Goldman’s Team 4 and $173,798.00 from S. G. Rosenbaum’s Team 19

    1918: “The Jewish War Relief campaign” designed to raise five million dollars “to aid the suffering Jews of Europe passed the two million dollar mark today” as it reached an actual total of $2,005, 840.

    1919: A delegation of “prominent Jews from New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, Newark and other cities representing the American Jewish Congress” meeting with Secretary of State Lansing and described to him “the terrible situation in the Ukraine” and protested “against the recent pogrom in which 40,000 Jewish men, women and children had lost their lives in that region.”

    1920: In Chechelnyk, Podolia, a shtetl in what is today Ukraine Pinkhas Lispector and Mania Krimgold Lispector gave birth to Chaya Lispector, the youngest of their three daughters, “the Brazilian author” whom some describe as “the most important Jewish writer since Franz Kafka.”

    1922: Due to travel problems, Albert Einstein was unable to attend the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony and deliver his Nobel Lecture.

    1922: Mrs. William Ratzenstein is the chairman responsible for tonight’s “entertainment and dance to be given by the Milton Vehon Charity Workers” at Chateau Hall.”

    1922: The charity bazar sponsored by the Sisterhood of Temple Beth Israel is scheduled to continue for a second night.

    1923: Dr. Arthur Ruppin tells the Keren Hayesod Council that “the housing shortage in Palestine has been relieved to a considerably extent by the establishment of the General Mortgage Bank of Palestine, which has invested more than $300,000 in mortgages, enabling the construction of 300 houses, chiefly in Tel-Aviv, Jaffa, Haifa and Tiberias.”

    1924: In Cincinnati, OH, William Jacob Mack, Sr. the son of Lydia and Millard William Mack and Harriette L. Segal gave birth to Leon Meyer Mack

    1923: Birthdate of Harold Gould. Born Harold Goldstein, Gould is one of those character actors whose face you know but name you don’t. One of his more memorable roles came in Paul Newman/Robert Redford hit, The Sting.

    1926: In Hamburg, Germany, Solomon Birnbaum, the son of Nathan Birnbaum, and his wife gave birth to Jacob (Yaakov) Birnbuam who survived the Holocaust thanks to the Kindertransport and formed the Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry”

    1927: Seymour “Cy” Schindel fought his 20th bout which would prove to be his last victory even though he fought three more times before retiring.

    1927: Birthdate of Danny Matt, the native of Cologne who made Aliyah in 1934 and in 1943 began a military career that stretched from the Jewish Brigade through the Yom Kippur and led him to the stars of a general in the IDF.

    1928(27th of Kislev, 5689): Third Day of Chanukah

    1928: WOR and nineteen other stations are scheduled to broadcast the Jubilee Hour this evening featuring soprano Isa Kremer.

    1928: According to a report made public today by Bernard Flexner, the President of the Palestine Economic Cooperation, “extensive development in Palestine is provided for in the budget of $1,010,000 authorized at the executive committee meeting of the corporation” which was held last week.

    1929: Ossip Gabrilowitsch, the Jewish son-in-law of Mark Twain, conducted the Detroit Symphony Orchestra in a concert at Carnegie Hall tonight.

    1929: Twenty year old flyweight Moe Mizler fought his 36thbout which he lost on points.

    1930: As the U.S. economy moved further into what we now call The Great Depression, the savings bank in which many members of the Sephardic Jewish Brotherhood in New York had placed their money closed and no funds were made available to depositors. The collection of dues began to fall off at an alarming rate, and there was a high demand for financial aid from the Secret Relief Fund.

    1931: “Baron De Hirsch Centenary” published today traces the life of Jewish philanthropist who is all but unknown to modern generations.

    1931: U.S. Premiere of “The Struggle” based on a novel by Emile Zola, the defender of Capt. Dreyfus which was filmed by cinematographer Joseph Ruttenberg.

    1931: U.S. premiere of “Men in Her Life” a drama with a script co-authored by Robert Riskin.

    1932: “Central Park” featuring Harold Hubert as “Nick Sarno” was released today in the United States.

    1934: Birthdate of Howard Martin Temin. Temin was American virologist who in 1975 shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with his former professor Renato Dulbecco and another of Dulbecco's students, David Baltimore, for his co-discovery of the enzyme reverse transcriptase. In 1961, Temin's formed a provirus hypothesis that cancer cells affect genetic material. The protein coat of certain viruses contains an enzyme that facilitates the copying of viral genes into the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of the host cell. In 1970 he and Baltimore both independently isolated the enzyme, now called reverse transcriptase. The viruses that contain the enzyme are known as retroviruses. Temin also investigated how genetic information in the provirus transforms a normal animal cell into a tumor cell. He passed away in 1994.

    1934: A dramatization of Charge It to Me written by Sara Smith, who “learned Yiddish to become a newspaperwoman” is scheduled to open today in Baltimore under the name “Pied Piper.”

    1934: Birthdate of Ryszard Przecicki, who as Richard J. Pratt, became one of the richest men in Australia.

    1935(14th of Kislev, 5696): Sixty-seven year old Bella (Epstein) Unterberg, the wife of philanthropist Israel Unterberg who founded the Young Women’s Hebrew Association in her home in September of 1902 passed away today.

    1936: Jewish settlers erected the first of the “Tower and Stockade” settlements,Tel Amel which is now known Nir David. These settlements on remote parcels of land purchased by the Jewish National Fund were set up overnight with the help of prefabricated towers and walls. They were usually put up overnight with the help of hundreds of volunteers. Eventually 118 of this type of settlement were erected throughout the Galilee, Bet-She'an Valley and the Jordan Valley. The secretive construction method was one way of avoiding Arab attacks.

    1936: In Jerusalem, at the morning session of the royal commission, Earl Peel, the chairman said that in his “opinion the Jewish Agency should have pressed its claim for State domains to which it is entitled according to the mandate” while Dr. Maurice B. Hexter “said that in the last six or seven years he did not recall that any pressured was exerted by the Jews on the Palestine Government in connection with the mandatory’s duty to allot suitable portions of State domains for Jewish coloniziation.” (Translation – the mandatory government did not give the Jews the arable land to which they were legally entitled.)

    1937: The Palestine Post reported on the brazen attack carried out in the heart of Haifa's Hadar Hacarmel. An Arab terrorist first exploded a bomb and then fired two shots, seriously wounding 13-year-old Elimelech Gromet. Another bomb was thrown in the Tel Arza quarter of Jerusalem, next to the Weismann carpentry.

    1937: The Palestine Post reported that Sir Charles Teggart, who won his reputation as an indefatigable anti-terrorist fighter in Bengal, arrived in Jerusalem, to advise the government and police on new anti-terrorist tactics.

    1937(6th of Tevet, 5698): Eighty-one year old Abraham Isaak the Russian born anarchist who worked as a journalist and founded Aurora Colony with his in California which was based on his anarchist belief

    1938: Thanks to the effort of Mrs. Gertruida Wijsmuller-Meijer, a Dutch organizer of Kindertransporte, who had been active in this field since 1937,” a train filled with 600 children left Vienna today.

    1939: Friedrich Ubelhor, governor of the Kalisz-Lodz district, issued a secret order for the establishment of a ghetto in the northern section of Lodz, where the Jewish Baluty slum quarter was situated. "Needless to say [stated his order] the establishment of a ghetto is only a provisional phase...the ultimate goal must be the total purge of this scourge."

    1941: In the dark days of WW II, Japanese bombers sank the HMS Prince of Wales and the HMS Repulse, the last major battleships that would be able to standup to an invasion of Australia, which had sent most of its troops to the Middle East to fight against the Nazis.

    1941: As of today, in the last 100 days an additional 600 Jews had been shot to death in and near the city of Liepāja

    1942(2nd of Tevet, 5703): Seventh Day of Chanukah

    1942(2nd of Tevet, 5703): Seventy-five year old businessman and philanthropist Louis E. Kirstein, the Chairman of the Board of Filene’s Department Store, President of the Graduate School for Jewish Social Work and husband of Rose Stein with whom he had three children passed away today.

    1942: A transport of Jews from Germany arrives at Auschwitz.

    1942: At Wola Przybyslawska, Poland, near the Parczew Forest, Nazis shoot seven Poles accused of aiding Jews.

    1942: The Polish ambassador to Britain informs Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden that the Polish government-in-exile can confirm that the German authorities are systematically exterminating the entire Jewish population of Poland and the rest of Europe.

    1943: As Soviet troops began to break through German lines, the Germans (and local Rumanians) tried cover up their actions by killing the surviving inmates of the labor camp and destroying the camp itself in Tarasika Rumania. This type of action was repeated over and over as Soviet troops moved toward Germany.

    1943: IN Brooklyn Elaine and Arthur Niederhoffer gave birth to Victor Niederhoffer “a hedge fund manager, champion squash player, bestselling author and statistician” who is the older brother of Roy Niederhoffer.

    1945: Birthdate of James Lee “Jimmy” Kessler, the founder of the Texas Jewish Historical society and the “first native Texan to serve as Rabbi of B’nai Israel, in Galveston Texas.

    1945: The cover of Timefeatures a montage of Nazi leaders standing trial at Nuremberg under the title “Hitler’s Heirs”

    1945: Timepublished “War Crimes: Day of Judgment” describing the trial of Hermann Göring, Alfred Jodl, Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht, Alfred Rosenberg, Julius Streicher, Julius Streicher and Rudolph Hess

    1945: "The Chalice of Nurnberg," published today by Time described the purposed of the trials in the words US. Prosecutor Robert Jackson who defined the need for individual responsibility and the establishment of a rule of International Law that would prevent such crimes from happening again

    1945: “Treason: The Seeker” published today described the condition Ezra Pound, the expatriate American poet who relished giving anti-Semitic and anti-American broadcast from his home in Italy.  The latter earned him the dubious distinction of being one of the few Americans indicted for treason because of his radio broadcasts.

    1945: President Truman names six U.S. members to Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine. London announces six members

    1945: SS Captain Theodore Dannecker, a henchman of Adolf Eichmann committed suicide after having been arrested by the United States Army.

    1946: Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver criticizes President Truman, expresses his opposition to Partition and recommends resistance to the British Mandatory Government.

    1947: British leaders will not alter the Jewish quota that limits the Jewish immigrants 1,500 a month.

    1947: Dr. Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori became the first Jewish woman, as well as the first American woman, to win a Nobel Prize in the sciences when she received the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine on. She won the prize jointly with her husband, Dr. Carl F. Cori, and Bernardo A. Houssay. The scientists were honored for their research in identifying the "Cori Cycle" which explained how the body converts carbohydrates into sugars that supply muscles with energy. This research was particularly important in leading to the understanding and treatment of diabetes. Dr. Gerty Cori was born in Prague in 1896. Encouraged by her family, she enrolled at the Medical School of the German University of Prague, receiving her Doctorate in Medicine in 1920. Together with her husband, Cori immigrated to the United States and became a citizen in 1928. Carl took a position at the State Institute for the Study of Malignant Diseases in Buffalo, NY and Gerty was hired as an assistant pathologist. The Coris persisted in working together despite the discouragement of many institutions that sought to hire only Carl. In 1931, they moved to St. Louis where Carl became the chair of the pharmacology department at Washington University School of Medicine. Gerty was offered a position as a research assistant. When Carl was made chair of a new biochemistry department in 1946, Gerty was finally promoted to full professor. They won the Nobel Prize the following year. In 1952, President Truman appointed her to the Board of Directors of the National Science Foundation.

    1947: A detachment of Palmach soldiers was attacked while paroling the water pipeline near the Arab village of Shu’ut in the Negev. The commander of the Palmach assured his men that they had nothing to worry about since the head man of the village had been a friend of his. But in the Arab’s undeclared war on the yet to be born Jewish state, friendships did not always matter.

    1948: Speaking in the House of Commons as leader of the Opposition, Winston Churchill raised the question of why the British government continued to refuse to recognize the state of Israel since nineteen other countries including the United States and the Soviet Union had already done so. He appeals to Parliament to end its “sulky boycott” of the Jewish state

    1948: Despite opposition from some of his ministers, Ben Gurion pressured the cabinet into committing to move the Israeli government to Jerusalem “without further delay.” Ben Gurion dismissed the fears of his opponents that the move would anger world opinion by pointing out that the occupation of the Old City and the West Bank by the Jordanians had changed the equation.

    1948: Israel agrees to UN truce mission's request to let a trapped Egyptian force withdraw from Faluja in Negev. Was it only 6 months ago that the Egyptians invaders were bombing Tel Aviv and heading toward the “Jewish city” with the intent of driving the Jews into the sea.

    1948: The Israelis devised Operation Horev, a new offensive plan designed to drive the Egyptian army out of the remaining areas of Mandatory Palestine south-west of Beersheba, along the western edge of the Negev.

    1948: Moshe “Dayan gave a sealed letter to Abdullah el-Tell to be delivered to King Abdullah. Before delivering the letter el-Tell discreetly lifted the seal and made a photo-static copy of its contents, which was an invitation from Elias Sasson to King Abdullah to restart the negotiations which had been led by Golda Meir before the outbreak of war.

    1949(19th of Kislev, 5710): Parashat Vayishlach

    1949(19th of Kislev, 5710): Fifty-eight year old Russian born and Columbia University trained bio-chemist William Alexander Perlzweig, the “professor of biochemistry and department chair at the Duke University Medical School” best known for his work in the field of nutrition passed away tonight in Durham, NC.


    1949: Birthdate of Harry Michael, a Labour Party MP, critic of Israel and according to the Daily Telegraph, “one of the MPs who allegedly made improper claims for expenses.”

    1950: Ralph J. Bunche was presented the Nobel Peace Prize. Bunche was the first black American to receive the award. He was honored for bringing an end to the war between the Israelis and the Arabs that began in 1948 when the Arabs began their unsuccessful attempt to drive the Jews into the sea.

    1951(11th of Kislev, 5712): Sixty-five year old Yampol native Solomon Pincasovich, the product of the Slobodka Yeshivan and the Odessa Conservatoire who became the cantor of the New Synagogue in Manchester, UK in 1921 and a lecturer at Jews College in 1947 passed away today.

    1952: Members of the Jewish Education Committee of New York are scheduled to attend today’s funeral for “teacher and author” Abraham Epstein.

    1952: Yosef Sprinzak, the first Speaker of the Knesset, completed his service as President of Israel which had begun following the death of Chaim Weizmann.

    1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that at the end of the 30-day mourning period for the first president of the State of Israel, Dr. Chaim Weizmann, his successor, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, took the pledge of office.

    1955(25th of Kislev, 5716): Chanukah

    1955: “An Israeli police approaching the Sea of Galilee’s northwestern shored was fired on by Syrian guns” in the latest of a series of Syrian violations of the truce agreement.

    1956: Seventy-two year old Moses “Mosey” King, the Yale lightweight who coached the boxing team for forty-six year and “was Connecticut’s first boxing commissioner” passed away today.

    1956(6th of Tevet, 5717): David Shimoni, Israeli poet, writer and translator, passed away.

    1961: Birthdate of Oded Schramm, who melded ideas from two branches of mathematics into an equation that applies to a multitude of physics problems from the percolation of water through rocks to the tangling of polymers.

    1963: In Chamberlin v Dade County Board, the Florida State Supreme Court heard “new arguments in a challenge to public school students in Miami, Florida, being required to read passages from the Bible and recite the Lord's Prayer at the beginning of every school day” (As reported by Austin Cline)

    1964: In Israel, the government resigned when “Ben-Gurion demanded that members of the Supreme Court Investigate the Lavon Affair.

    1964: “Father Goose” a WW II comedy which won an Oscar for its screenplay co-authored by Peter Stone and with music by Cy Coleman and Carolyn Leigh was released today in the United States.

    1965: Birthdate of “Gary “The Kid” Jacobs the Scottish boxer who “wore a Star of David on his trunks and who “held the British Commonwealth and European (EBU) welterweight titles.”

    1966: “A musical version of the Mossinsohn play, ‘Casablan’ starring Yehoram Gaon, opened today on the Alhambra Stage in Tel Aviv.”

    1966(27th of Kislev, 5727): Shabbat Shel Chanukah; Parashat Miketz

    1966(27th of Kislev, 5727): Seventy-seven year old Irving W. Halpern, the Russian-born school who rose from being a “probation officer with the Jewish Protectory and Aid Society” to serving as chief probation officer of the State Supreme Court in Manhattan” as well as a college lecturer on criminology while raising a family with his wife, “Judge Caroline K. Simon of the State Court of claims, passed away today.

    1966: Israeli Samuel Yosef Agnon and German-Jew Nelly Sachs shared the Nobel Prize for Literature.

    1967: “Bedazzled,” a comedy directed and produced by Stanley Donen was released in the United Kingdom today.

    1969: “They Shoot Horses, Don't They?” a movie version of the novel of the same name directed by Sydney Pollack, produced by Robert Chartoff and Irwin Winkler and featuring Al Lewis was released in the United States today.

    1970: A small group of local Jewish activists gathered on the International Union of Electrical Workers plaza which was across the street from the Soviet Embassy. The group was protesting the verdicts of treason and death sentences of 11 Soviet citizens, 9 of them Jewish.

    1970: First Human Rights Day on which “a daily Soviet Jewry Vigil is launched across from the Soviet Embassy in Washington, DC” which will last for twenty years.

    1971: Dr. Gunter Kahn and one of his colleagues “went to Upjohn’s headquarters in Kalamazoo where they briefed scientists and executives” on minoxidil telling “them that he drug was a potential ‘gold mine.’”

    1972: U.S. premiere of “Sleuth” the film version of Anthony Shaffer’s Tony Award winning play directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz.

    1972(5th of Tevet, 5733): Forty-seven year old Tibor Szamuely, the Russian born English historian who was the nephew of Tibor Szamuely and the father of journalist George Szamuely, passed away today.

    1975: Activist Andrei Sakharov is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, accepted by his Jewish wife, Yelena Bonner.

    1976: The KGB increased pressure on the organizers of the symposium on Jewish culture by questioning “the main activists” responsible for the event.

    1978: The New York Times features reviews of children’s books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “My Noah’s Ark” by M.B. Goffstein and “Hanukah Money” by Sholem Aleichem with illustrations by Uri Shulevitz.

    1978: Richard Shepard reviews “The Girl From Tel Aviv,” a throwback to “the Yiddish musical theater of bygone years, the type of theater that provided escapism for the Lower East Side, which always enjoyed ‘tzoress’ on stage and had more than enough of its own waiting at the exit.”

    1978: In Oslo, Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat accepted the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize. The two men earned the prize for breaking the cycle of violence. More to the point, their work has stood the test of time. These two certainly earned their award.

    1978: “Superman” the movie that brought to the big screen the comic hero created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster and directed by Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg) opened in Washington, DC today.

    1980: Future Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer began serving as a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.

    1980: Two people were injured when a terrorist bomb “exploded under a car” in Jerusalem.

    1981: Jules Pfeiffer’s "Grownups" premieres in New York NY.

    1984: In “Jewish Federation Shifts Policy on Hospital Gifts” published today Ronald Sullivan described changes the organization is making in its distribution of five million dollars to local medical facilities

    1986: Michiko Kakutani reviewed “Letters from Westerbrook” the posthumously published diaries of Etty Hillesum that describe life in Holland under the Nazi occupation. Westerbrook, where Miss Hillesum and a large number of Dutch Jews were held, was, in reality a transit camp with the next stop being Auschwitz

    1986: Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel accepted the 1986 Nobel Peace Prize.

    1986(8th of Kislev, 5747): Fifty-nine year old Susan Cabot (Harriet Shapiro) the actress who oddly enough was rumored to have had an affair and a child with Jordan’s King Hussein was beaten to death tongith.

    1987(19th of Kislev, 5748): Yasha Heifetz passed away. Born in 1901 in what is now Lithuania, Heifetz joined a long list of world class Jewish violinist.

    1989: The Intifada enters into its third year today.

    1989: In “The Arab Uprising After Two Years: Voices From Both Sides” published today, Joel Brinkley examines the impact of the Intifada on average Arabs and Israelis.

    1990: In Canada, Herb Gray, a member of the Liberal Party stepped down as the leader of the Opposition

    1990(23rd of Kislev, 5751): Ninety-two year old Oil Tycoon Armand Hammer passed away today. (As reported by Eric Pace)


    1992: In “Hafetz Hayim Journal; The Rabbis' Almanack of Seventh-Year Farming” Clyde Haberman described the implementation of the Sabbatical Year in modern day Israel

    1994: The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat. Arafat betrayed Rabin, Peres and all who supported the peace process as can be seen by his continuing support of violence in the Middle East up until the day of his death.

    1994(7th of Tevet, 5755): Eighty-seven year old Philip “Phil” Piratin who was one of the leaders of “Battle of Cable Street” in 1936 and one of two members of the Communist Party elected to Parliament in 1945 passed away today.

    1995: Vice President Al Gore, Prime Minister Shimon Peres and Leah Rabin, addressed a crowd of nearly 15,000 people crowded into Madison Square Garden today to honor the memory of Yitzhak Rabin.

    1995(17th of Kislev, 5756): Eighty-eight year old Philip Piratin, the circulation manager of The Daily Worker who was one of the first members of the Communist Party of Great Britain to be elected as an MP.

    1996: Three hundred Palestinian students “suddenly barged onto the walled campus of Hebron University, closed by the Israelis since last March, and declared that they would stay until it was reopened.”

    1997(11th of Kislev, 5758): Eighty-five year old Kalmen Kaplansky who was described as   "the zaideh" (grandfather) of the Canadian human rights movement” passed away today.

    1999(1st of Tevet, 5760): Eighty-nine year old Jack D. Foner, the black-listed historian who was the Eric and Thomas Foner passed away today on his birthday.

    1999(1st of Tevet, 5760): Rosh Chodesh is observed for the last time in the 20th century.

    2000: Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak submitted his resignation.

    2000: The New York Times book section includes a review of Open Closed Open by Yehuda Amichai whose “poems capture the joy of ordinary experience.”

    2000: The Manhattan Theatre Club’s final performance of “Class Act” a musical “based on the life of composer-lyricist Edward Kleban” who had passed away in 1987 at the age of 48 took place at Stage II.

    2001(25th of Kislev, 5762): Chanukah is celebrated for the first time in post 9/11 world.

    2003: “The Big Fish” a cinematic version of a novel of the same name co-produced by Bruce Cohen was released in the United States today.

    2004: Actor Jeffrey Michael Tambor and “his wife Kasia gave birth to Gabriel Kasper today.

    2005: Deputy Chief Gertrude D.T. Schimmel, “the second highest ranking woman ever in the New York Police Department described her training in 1940 when she wrote today “we didn’t box or do the two-mile rue but other than that the police academy training for women was the same as for men.”

    2005: Deputy Chief Gertrude D.T. Schimmel, “the second highest ranking woman ever in the New York Police Department described her support for the Knapp Commission because as she wrote today that while she was aware that “police officers were openly accepting money” “she was steadfastly again the taking of bribes or any other unethical behavior on the part of the police.”

    2005: The first Asiatic elephant to be conceived in Israel through artificial insemination was born at the Tisch Family Zoological Gardens in Jerusalem. The Biblical Zoo joined the project to preserve the Asiatic elephant, which faces extinction, several years ago. The zoo's next goal is to mate the still-adolescent elephant bull Teddy ­-named after Jerusalem's former mayor, Teddy Kollek ­-with elephant cows around the world, again through artificial insemination.

    2006: Reflections from the Heart, an exhibition of the works of CHIM (David Seymour) at the Albin O. Kuhn Library came to an end today.

    2006: The curtain came down on an Off-Off-Broadway production of “Torch Song Trilogy” starring Seth Rudetsky.

    2006: Celebration of Yud-Tes Kislev, the 19th of Kislev. “The 19th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev is celebrated as the Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism. It was on this date, in the year 1798, that the founder of Chabad Chassidism, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi was freed from his imprisonment in Czarist Russia. For Chassidim this event is more than a personal liberation. They see this as a watershed event heralding a new era in the revelation of the ‘inner soul’ of Torah. This is also the celebration of the birthday of Avraham Elimelech ben Yosef Dov, the Coca Chef.

    2006: Under the title of “The Schindlers of the Middle East” The Washington Post book section features a review of Among the Righteous: Lost Stories from the Holocaust's Long Reach into Arab Lands by Robert Satloff.

    2006: Actor Jeffrey Michael Tambor and “his wife Kasia gave birth to their second child, Eve “Evie” Julia today.

    2007(1st of Tevet, 5768): Rosh Chodesh Tevet

    2007: Publication of the Hebrew paperback edition of Sefer Ateret Yehosua.

    2007: “President George W. Bush and Laura Bush invited Ruth and Judea Pearl, parents of Daniel Pearl to the White House Chanukah reception, to light the menorah that once belonged to Daniel's great grandparents, Chaim and Rosa Pearl, who brought it with them when they moved from Poland to Israel in 1924 to establish the town of Bnai-Brak.”

    2007: The New Republicfeatures a review of The Book of Psalms: A Translation With Commentarytranslated by Robert Alter. Over the centuries, The Book of Psalms has gained popularity with a wide variety of religious groups and leaders. However, this has led to translations and interpretations that fit their different agendas and often has meant drifting far from the original meaning of the words. Alter attempts to release this trend. “He has deliberately set out to evacuate these covert (and usually christological) assumptions” that distort or completely alter what the Psalmists actually created.

    2008: Peter Yarrow, the Peter in “Peter, Paul and Mary” appears at the Barnes & Noble in Cedar Rapids, Iowa as he promotes “The Peter Yarrow Songbook Series.”

    2008:J. Ezra Merkin informed investors in his $1.8 billion Ascot Partners fund that he was among those who suffered substantial personal losses, since all of the fund's dollars were invested with Madoff, a fact that Merkin had tried to conceal as can be seen by his lying to a client bysaying that he had not connection with Madoff and that the investments were with Morgan Stanley and therefore fully protected.

    2008: Baal teshuvah Andy Statman who is at home with Klezmer and Country music joined Bela Fleck and the Fleckstone in a concert at the University of Buffalo.

    2008: The month-long exhibition “The Nature of Dreams: Israeli photographs, selection from the collection of Yosefa Drescher Fine Art” has its final showing at Trinity College in Hartford. Artists featured during the exhibition included Noa Ben Shalom, David Harris, Menahem Kahana, Joel Kantor, Alex Levac, Shimon Lev, Tamir Sher, Ilan Spira, and David Rubinger. According to Yosefa Drescher, a well-known Israeli documentary photographer “The land in which [Israeli photographers] live and work is replete with gripping visual scenes, and striking images both human and landscape. The challenge is at once to do justice to the external reality and not attempt to usurp the power of the place and moment, while giving reign to deeply personal comment and reaction to the subject.”

    2008 (13 Kislev): On the Hebrew calendar, Yahrzeit of Ravina II who passed away in 475 CE the same year in which he finished editing the Gemara portion of the Talmud Bavli ("Babylonian Talmud"), completing the work of his teacher Rav Ashi.

    2008: At Princeton University, Dennis Ross former special Middle East Coordinator under the Clinton administration and consultant for the Washington Institute for Near East Policy delivers a speech entitled "Whither the Middle East?"